Bill Text
108th Congress (2003-2004)
S.1431.IS


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Bill Summary & Status



S.1431 -- Assault Weapons Ban and Law Enforcement Protection Act of 2003 (Introduced in Senate - IS)

S 1431 IS

108th CONGRESS

1st Session

S. 1431

To reauthorize the assault weapons ban, and for other purposes.

IN THE SENATE OF THE UNITED STATES

July 17, 2003

Mr. LAUTENBERG (for himself and Mr. CORZINE) introduced the following bill; which was read twice and referred to the Committee on the Judiciary


A BILL

To reauthorize the assault weapons ban, and for other purposes.

    Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled,

SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE.

    This Act may be cited as the `Assault Weapons Ban and Law Enforcement Protection Act of 2003'.

SEC. 2. DEFINITIONS.

    (a) IN GENERAL- Section 921(a)(30) of title 18, United States Code, is amended to read as follows:

    `(30) The term `semiautomatic assault weapon' means any of the following:

      `(A) The following rifles or copies or duplicates thereof:

        `(i) AK, AKM, AKS, AK-47, AK-74, ARM, MAK90, Misr, NHM 90, NHM 91, SA 85, SA 93, VEPR;

        `(ii) AR-10;

        `(iii) AR-15, Bushmaster XM15, Armalite M15, or Olympic Arms PCR;

        `(iv) AR70;

        `(v) Calico Liberty;

        `(vi) Dragunov SVD Sniper Rifle or Dragunov SVU;

        `(vii) Fabrique National FN/FAL, FN/LAR, or FNC;

        `(viii) Hi-Point Carbine;

        `(ix) HK-91, HK-93, HK-94, or HK-PSG-1;

        `(x) Kel-Tec Sub Rifle;

        `(xi) M1 Carbine;

        `(xii) Saiga;

        `(xiii) SAR-8, SAR-4800;

        `(xiv) SKS with detachable magazine;

        `(xv) SLG 95;

        `(xvi) SLR 95 or 96;

        `(xvii) Steyr AUG;

        `(xviii) Sturm, Ruger Mini-14;

        `(xix) Tavor;

        `(xx) Thompson 1927, Thompson M1, or Thompson 1927 Commando; or

        `(xxi) Uzi, Galil and Uzi Sporter, Galil Sporter, or Galil Sniper Rifle (Galatz).

      `(B) The following pistols or copies or duplicates thereof:

        `(i) Calico M-110;

        `(ii) MAC-10, MAC-11, or MPA3;

        `(iii) Olympic Arms OA;

        `(iv) TEC-9, TEC-DC9, TEC-22 Scorpion, or AB-10; or

        `(v) Uzi.

      `(C) The following shotguns or copies or duplicates thereof:

        `(i) Armscor 30 BG;

        `(ii) SPAS 12 or LAW 12;

        `(iii) Striker 12; or

        `(iv) Streetsweeper.

      `(D) A semiautomatic rifle that has an ability to accept a detachable magazine, and that has--

        `(i) a folding or telescoping stock;

        `(ii) a threaded barrel;

        `(iii) a pistol grip;

        `(iv) a forward grip; or

        `(v) a barrel shroud.

      `(E)(i) Except as provided in clause (ii), a semiautomatic rifle that has a fixed magazine with the capacity to accept more than 10 rounds.

      `(ii) Clause (i) shall not apply to an attached tubular device designed to accept, and capable of operating only with, .22 caliber rimfire ammunition.

      `(F) A semiautomatic pistol that has the ability to accept a detachable magazine, and has--

        `(i) a second pistol grip;

        `(ii) a threaded barrel;

        `(iii) a barrel shroud; or

        `(iv) the capacity to accept a detachable magazine at a location outside of the pistol grip.

      `(G) A semiautomatic pistol with a fixed magazine that has the capacity to accept more than 10 rounds.

      `(H) A semiautomatic shotgun that has--

        `(i) a folding or telescoping stock;

        `(ii) a pistol grip;

        `(iii) the ability to accept a detachable magazine; or

        `(iv) a fixed magazine capacity of more than 5 rounds.

      `(I) A shotgun with a revolving cylinder.

      `(J) A frame or receiver that is identical to, or based substantially on the frame or receiver of, a firearm described in any of subparagraphs (A) through (I) or (L).

      `(K) A conversion kit.

      `(L) A semiautomatic rifle or shotgun originally designed for military or law enforcement use, or a firearm based on the design of such a firearm, that is not particularly suitable for sporting purposes, as determined by the Attorney General. In making the determination, there shall be a rebuttable presumption that a firearm procured for use by the United States military or any Federal law enforcement agency is not particularly suitable for sporting purposes, and a firearm shall not be determined to be particularly suitable for sporting purposes solely because the firearm is suitable for use in a sporting event.'.

    (b) RELATED DEFINITIONS- Section 921(a) of such title is amended by adding at the end the following:

    `(36) BARREL SHROUD- The term `barrel shroud' means a shroud that is attached to, or partially or completely encircles, the barrel of a firearm so that the shroud protects the user of the firearm from heat generated by the barrel, but does not include a slide that encloses the barrel, and does not include an extension of the stock along the bottom of the barrel which does not encircle or substantially encircle the barrel.

    `(37) CONVERSION KIT- The term `conversion kit' means any part or combination of parts designed and intended for use in converting a firearm into a semiautomatic assault weapon, and any combination of parts from which a semiautomatic assault weapon can be assembled if the parts are in the possession or under the control of a person.

    `(38) DETACHABLE MAGAZINE- The term `detachable magazine' means an ammunition feeding device that can readily be inserted into a firearm.

    `(39) FIXED MAGAZINE- The term `fixed magazine' means an ammunition feeding device contained in, or permanently attached to, a firearm.

    `(40) FOLDING OR TELESCOPING STOCK- The term `folding or telescoping stock' means a stock that folds, telescopes, or otherwise operates to reduce the length, size, or any other dimension, or otherwise enhances the concealability, of a firearm.

    `(41) FORWARD GRIP- The term `forward grip' means a grip located forward of the trigger that functions as a pistol grip.

    `(42) PISTOL GRIP- The term `pistol grip' means a grip, a thumbhole stock, or any other characteristic that can function as a grip.

    `(43) THREADED BARREL- The term `threaded barrel' means a feature or characteristic that is designed in such a manner to allow for the attachment of a firearm as defined in section 5845(a) of the National Firearms Act (26 U.S.C. 5845(a)).'.

SEC. 3. ELIMINATION OF SUNSET.

    Section 110105 of the Public Safety and Recreational Firearms Protection Act is amended--

      (1) by striking `--' and all that follows through `(1)'; and

      (2) by striking `; and' and all that follows through `that date'.

SEC. 4. GRANDFATHER PROVISIONS.

    Section 922(v)(2) of title 18, United States Code, is amended--

      (1) by inserting `(A)' after `(2)';

      (2) by striking `on the date of the enactment of this subsection' and inserting `as of September 13, 1994'; and

      (3) by adding after and below the end the following:

    `(B) Paragraph (1) shall not apply to any firearm the possession or transfer of which would (but for this subparagraph) be unlawful by reason of this subsection, and which is otherwise lawfully possessed on the date of the enactment of this subparagraph.'.

SEC. 5. REPEAL OF CERTAIN EXEMPTIONS.

    Section 922(v)(3) of title 18, United States Code, is amended by striking `(3)' and all that follows through the end of the first sentence and inserting the following:

    `(3) Paragraph (1) shall not apply to any firearm that--

      `(A) is manually operated by bolt, pump, level, or slide action;

      `(B) has been rendered permanently inoperable; or

      `(C) is an antique firearm.'.

SEC. 6. REQUIRING BACKGROUND CHECKS FOR THE TRANSFER OF LAWFULLY POSSESSED SEMIAUTOMATIC ASSAULT WEAPONS.

    Section 922(v) of title 18, United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following:

    `(5) It shall be unlawful for any person to transfer a semiautomatic assault weapon to which paragraph (1) does not apply, except through--

      `(A) a licensed dealer, and for purposes of subsection (t) in the case of such a transfer, the weapon shall be considered to be transferred from the business inventory of the licensed dealer and the dealer shall be considered to be the transferor; or

      `(B) a State or local law enforcement agency if the transfer is made in accordance with the procedures provided for in subsection (t) of this section and section 923(g).

    `(6) The Attorney General shall establish and maintain, in a timely manner, a record of the make, model, and date of manufacture of any semiautomatic assault weapon which the Attorney General is made aware has been used in relation to a crime under Federal or State law, and the nature and circumstances of the crime involved, including the outcome of relevant criminal investigations and proceedings. The Attorney General shall annually submit the record to the Congress and make the record available to the general public.'.

SEC. 7. STRENGTHENING THE BAN ON THE POSSESSION OR TRANSFER OF A LARGE CAPACITY AMMUNITION FEEDING DEVICE.

    (a) BAN ON TRANSFER OF SEMIAUTOMATIC ASSAULT WEAPON WITH LARGE CAPACITY AMMUNITION FEEDING DEVICE-

      (1) IN GENERAL- Section 922 of title 18, United States Code, is amended by inserting at the end the following:

    `(z) It shall be unlawful for any person to transfer any assault weapon with a large capacity ammunition feeding device.'.

      (2) PENALTIES- Section 924(a) of title 18, United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following:

    `(8) Whoever knowingly violates section 922(z) shall be fined under this title, imprisoned not more than 10 years, or both.'.

    (b) CERTIFICATION REQUIREMENT-

      (1) IN GENERAL- Section 922(w) of title 18, United States Code, is amended--

        (A) in paragraph (2), by striking `on or before the date of enactment of this subsection' and inserting `in the United States on or before September 13, 1994';

        (B) in paragraph (3)--

          (i) by adding `or' at the end of subparagraph (B); and

          (ii) by striking subparagraph (C) and redesignating subparagraph (D) as subparagraph (C); and

        (C) by striking paragraph (4) and inserting the following:

    `(4) It shall be unlawful for a licensed manufacturer, licensed importer, or licensed dealer who transfers a large capacity ammunition feeding device that was manufactured on or before September 13, 1994, to fail to certify to the Attorney General before the end of the 60-day period that begins with the date of the transfer, in accordance with regulations prescribed by the Attorney General, that the device was manufactured on or before September 13, 1994.'.

      (2) PENALTIES- Section 924(a) of title 18, United States Code, as amended by subsection (a)(2), is further amended by adding at the end the following:

    `(9) Whoever knowingly violates section 922(w)(4) shall be fined under this title, imprisoned not more than 5 years, or both.'.

SEC. 8. UNLAWFUL WEAPONS TRANSFERS TO JUVENILES.

    Section 922(x) of title 18, United States Code, is amended--

      (1) in paragraph (1)--

        (A) in subparagraph (B), by striking the period and inserting a semicolon; and

        (B) by adding at the end the following:

      `(C) a semiautomatic assault weapon; or

      `(D) a large capacity ammunition feeding device.'; and

      (2) in paragraph (2)--

        (A) in subparagraph (B), by striking the period and inserting a semicolon; and

        (B) by adding at the end the following:

      `(C) a semiautomatic assault weapon; or

      `(D) a large capacity ammunition feeding device.'.

SEC. 9. BAN ON IMPORTATION OF LARGE CAPACITY AMMUNITION FEEDING DEVICE.

    (a) IN GENERAL- Section 922(w) of title 18, United States Code, as amended by section 7(b)(1), is further amended--

      (1) in paragraph (1), by striking `(1) Except as provided in paragraph (2)' and inserting `(1)(A) Except as provided in subparagraph (B)';

      (2) in paragraph (2), by striking `(2) Paragraph (1)' and inserting `(B) Subparagraph (A)'; and

      (3) by inserting before paragraph (3) the following:

    `(2) It shall be unlawful for any person to import or bring into the United States a large capacity ammunition feeding device.'.

    (b) CONFORMING AMENDMENT- Section 921(a)(31)(A) of title 18, United States Code, is amended by striking `manufactured after the date of enactment of the Violent Crime Control and Law Enforcement Act of 1994'.



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