[Pages H3771-H3772]
From the Congressional Record Online through the Government Publishing Office [www.gpo.gov]


  Mr. BLUMENAUER. Mr. Speaker, this week, with the consideration of the 
defense authorization legislation and the military quality of life 
appropriation, Congress should deal with the hidden issue behind base 
closure: The toxic legacy of unexploded bombs and hazardous pollution 
left behind on our military bases.
  This is part of a much larger problem. The Defense Science Board has 
reported that unexploded bombs contaminate an area bigger than the 
States of Maryland, and Massachusetts combined.
  One out of ten Americans live within 10 miles of a former or current 
military site that contains hazardous waste identified for clean-up 
under the Federal Super Fund programs. Indeed, 34 bases shut down since 
1988 are still on the EPA Super Fund lists of worst toxic waste sites.
  Ten of these sites have groundwater mitigation contaminants that are 
not fully under control. One of the worst examples that comes to mind 
is the Massachusetts Military Reservation, a source of perchlorate, a 
toxic chemical, has contaminated 70 percent of Cape Cod's water supply, 
and more than 1,000 unexploded bombs have been discovered, some less 
than a half a mile from an elementary school.
  Former military installations with unexploded bombs are located in 
hundreds of communities across the country. And this has serious 
consequences. The most tragic example was an unexploded bomb that 
killed two 8-year-old boys and injured a 12-year-old friend while they 
were playing in their San Diego neighborhood, the site of the former 
32,000 acre Camp Elliot, used as a training site during World War II.
  In Texas, South Carolina, California, Colorado, Massachusetts, and 
even here in Washington D.C., developers have built residential and 
business projects on land that has not been fully cleared of unexploded 
  Since I have been in Congress, three times fire fighters have had to 
be pulled out of the woods, in Alaska, Texas and Colorado, because the 
heat from the forest fire was detonating bombs.
  Now, closed military bases can present significant opportunities for 
community assets. The former Lowry Air Force Base in Denver has 
generated an estimated $4 billion in economic activity for that region.
  With careful planning, the facility made the successful transition to 
civilian use, including 4,500 new homes and more than a square acre of 
park land, two community colleges and other schools.
  Glenview, Illinois, which lost its Naval Air Station in 1993, is 
another example that is now home to office space, retail stores, 
residences, golf course, park land and a train station. That has 
created 5,000 jobs and put another $1.5 billion into that local 
  Yet the reality for communities facing BRAC now, according to the 
GAO, is that more than a quarter of the bases previously closed have 
not been cleaned up and transferred. And the main impediment is the 
bombs and chemical pollution.
  Mr. Speaker, it is time for Congress to no longer be missing in 
action. When we look at like Fort Ord, closed in 1991, and after a 
decade of redevelopment only 25 percent of its transformation plan has 
been completed, in large measure because it has not been able to deal 
with the clean-up of the site.
  So far the Army has cleared just 5 percent of the base's firing 
range. And they have already unearthed 8,000 live shells, in a job at 
this rate that could take 20 years.
  Our communities deserve better. It is time for us in Congress to no 
longer be missing in action. We should do two things this week. First 
we should not pass the defense authorization bill without amending it 
to require that the military plan and budget to clean up the military 
bases that it has already closed, before starting a new round of BRAC.
  Second, in the military quality of life bill, we should allocate 
funds to clean up unexploded bombs and dangerous pollution. To clean up 
the unexploded bombs just in the 1988 round would cost $69 million, 
clearly within our capacity. Indeed, I would argue that we

[[Page H3772]]

ought to allocate the full $626 million to clean up all of the 
unexploded bombs and dangerous pollution in these sites.
  We have an obligation to make sure that we follow through on the 
pledges to these commitments for the military to clean up after itself, 
and it is Congress's job to make sure it happens.