[Senate Hearing 110-924] [From the U.S. Government Printing Office] S. Hrg. 110-924 NOMINATIONS OF: BIJAN RAFIEKIAN, DIANE FARRELL, WILLIAM S. JASIEN, MARK S. SHELTON, AND WILLIAM H. HEYMAN ======================================================================= HEARING before the COMMITTEE ON BANKING,HOUSING,AND URBAN AFFAIRS UNITED STATES SENATE ONE HUNDRED TENTH CONGRESS FIRST SESSION ON nominations of: Bijan Rafiekian, of California, to be a Member of the Board of Directors, Export-Import Bank __________ Diane Farrell, of Connecticut, to be a Member of the Board of Directors, Export-Import Bank __________ William S. Jasien, of Virginia, to be a Director, Securities Investor Protection Corporation __________ Mark S. Shelton, of New Jersey, to be a Director, Securities Investor Protection Corporation __________ William H. Heyman, of New York, to be a Director, Securities Investor Protection Corporation __________ WEDNESDAY, JULY 11, 2007 __________ Printed for the use of the Committee on Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs Available at: http: //www.access.gpo.gov /congress /senate / senate05sh.html ---------- U.S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE 50-323 PDF WASHINGTON : 2009 For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office Internet: bookstore.gpo.gov Phone: toll free (866) 512-1800; DC area (202) 512-1800 Fax: (202) 512-2104 Mail: Stop IDCC, Washington, DC 20402-0001 COMMITTEE ON BANKING, HOUSING, AND URBAN AFFAIRS CHRISTOPHER J. DODD, Connecticut, Chairman TIM JOHNSON, South Dakota RICHARD C. SHELBY, Alabama JACK REED, Rhode Island ROBERT F. BENNETT, Utah CHARLES E. SCHUMER, New York WAYNE ALLARD, Colorado EVAN BAYH, Indiana MICHAEL B. ENZI, Wyoming THOMAS R. CARPER, Delaware CHUCK HAGEL, Nebraska ROBERT MENENDEZ, New Jersey JIM BUNNING, Kentucky DANIEL K. AKAKA, Hawaii MIKE CRAPO, Idaho SHERROD BROWN, Ohio JOHN E. SUNUNU, New Hampshire ROBERT P. CASEY, Pennsylvania ELIZABETH DOLE, North Carolina JON TESTER, Montana MEL MARTINEZ, Florida Shawn Maher, Staff Director William D. Duhnke, Republican Staff Director and Counsel Dean V. Shahinian, Counsel Joseph L. Hepp, Professional Staff Member Justin Daly, Republican Counsel Andrew Olmem, Republican Counsel Joseph R. Kolinski, Chief Clerk and Computer Systems Administrator George Whittle, Editor C O N T E N T S ---------- WEDNESDAY, JULY 11, 2007 Page Opening statement of Chairman Dodd............................... 1 Opening statements, comments, or prepared statements of: Senator Allard............................................... 4 WITNESSES Bijan Rafiekian, of California, to be a Member of the Board of Directors, Export-Import Bank.................................. 6 Prepared statement........................................... 20 Biographical sketch of nominee............................... 21 Response to written questions of: Senator Brown............................................ 66 Diane Farrell, of Connecticut, to be a Member of the Board of Directors, Export-Import Bank.................................. 7 Prepared statement........................................... 33 Biographical sketch of nominee............................... 35 William S. Jasien, of Virginia, to be a Director, Securities Investor Protection Corporation................................ 9 Prepared statement........................................... 43 Biographical sketch of nominee............................... 45 Mark S. Shelton, of New Jersey, to be a Director, Securities Investor Protection Corporation................................ 10 Prepared statement........................................... 49 Biographical sketch of nominee............................... 51 William H. Heyman, of New York, to be a Director, Securities Investor Protection Corporation................................ 11 Prepared statement........................................... 55 Biographical sketch of nominee............................... 58 Response to written questions of: Senator Dodd............................................. 67 NOMINATIONS OF: BIJAN RAFIEKIAN, OF CALIFORNIA, TO BE A MEMBER OF THE BOARD OF DIRECTORS, EXPORT-IMPORT BANK OF THE UNITED STATES; DIANE FARRELL, OF CONNECTICUT, TO BE A MEMBER OF THE BOARD OF DIRECTORS, EXPORT-IMPORT BANK OF THE UNITED STATES; WILLIAM S. JASIEN, OF VIRGINIA, TO BE A DIRECTOR, SECURITIES INVESTOR PROTECTION CORPORATION; MARK S. SHELTON, OF NEW JERSEY, TO BE A DIRECTOR, SECURITIES INVESTOR PROTECTION CORPORATION; WILLIAM H. HEYMAN, OF NEW YORK, TO BE A DIRECTOR, SECURITIES INVESTOR PROTECTION CORPORATION ---------- WEDNESDAY, JULY 11, 2007 U.S. Senate, Committee on Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs, Washington, DC. The Committee met at 9:05 a.m., in room SD-538, Dirksen Senate Office Building, Hon. Christopher J. Dodd (Chairman of the Committee) presiding. OPENING STATEMENT OF CHAIRMAN CHRISTOPHER J. DODD Chairman Dodd. The Committee will come to order. Good morning everyone and welcome to the Banking Committee. I am going to ask the hearing will come to order. I expect to maybe have one or two other members show up here but I want to welcome you all here this morning and offer my congratulations to you on your nominations. We are meeting in open session to conduct a nomination hearing that is a crucial part of this Committee's oversight responsibilities and I would like to thank our witnesses for their willingness to appear before the Committee, for their service, and again congratulations on your nomination. On our panel we have two nominees for the Board of Directors at the Export-Import Bank of the United States and three nominees for the Board of Securities Investor Protection Corporation, SIPC. The Eximbank is the official export credit agency of the United States. Eximbank's mission is to assist U.S. companies large and small and financing the export of U.S. goods and services to international markets. Our first witness is Bijan Rafiekian. Did I pronounce that correctly? Mr. Rafiekian. Yes, sir. Chairman Dodd. Mr. Rafiekian has been serving on the Board of Directors at the Eximbank since October of last year. He has testified previously before this Committee and has been renominated for a new 4-year term expiring in the year 2011. Mr. Rafiekian was formerly the Director of the State of California Office of Foreign Investment, which was that State's leading office for attraction, retention, and expansion of foreign direct investment. He also previously served on the Board of the California Housing Finance Authority and as President of Globetel, an international telecommunications company based in San Diego. In addition, he was the principal in Global Capital Markets, Inc. Our next nominee for a 4-year term as Director of the Eximbank is Diane Farrell. I have known Diane for many years and I have been impressed, obviously, with her intelligence, her tenacity and her overriding commitment on behalf of the people that she has represented in Connecticut and the work she has done. As a former First Selectwoman of Westport, Connecticut, Diane Farrell displayed her leadership skills by working with business, government, and community leaders to solve a variety of problems. After being elected with over 70 percent of the vote--a stunning number, I might add, an enviable number for all of us in public life--Diane began finding more solutions to local issues by actively reaching out and working cooperatively with business leaders and through organizations like the Business Council and local Chamber of Commerce. Additionally, she was able to hone her business and managerial skills by serving on Westport's Board of Finance. Her financial experience and desire to work in partnership with businesses both large and small led her to work as Chair of the Fairfield County Metropolitan Organization, as well as a leadership role in the Connecticut Conference of Municipalities. Like Mr. Rafiekian, her experience and desire to work on a national level with U.S. exporters as they pursue export opportunities is commendable and exactly what we need on the Board of Directors for the Export-Import Bank. I look forward to hearing from her testimony this morning, as well. Next we have the three nominees to serve as Directors of the Board of the Securities Investor Protection Corporation, better known as SIPC. SIPC was created by Congress in 1970 to give investors certain protections against losses resulting from the failure of their stock brokerage firms. SIPC requires broker-dealers to contribute to the SIPC fund and helps investors whose securities and cash are held by failed brokers to recover those assets. In order to maintain investor confidence in the securities markets and their brokerage firms, SIPC must operate in a manner that is effective, efficient and fair. This involves maintaining fund balances that are adequate and liquid so that SIPC can pay out investor claims equitably and quickly. This requires appropriate corporate governance practices so that SIPC has adequate internal financial controls, transparent contracting protocols and appropriate executive compensation practices, and its board members avoid conflicts of interest. It also requires educating investors broadly about the role of SIPC and the extent of SIPC's coverage so they will know what it will and will not cover. In addition, it entails working cooperatively with the Securities and Exchange Commission and with the self-regulatory organizations. The first of the nominees is Mark Shelton, who has been nominated for a term expiring December 31, 2008. Mr. Shelton is General Counsel for UBS Financial Services, a securities firm where he had worked since 2003. Previously he was a partner in the firm of Wilmer, Cutler and Pickering where he worked from 1997 to 2003 and taught as an adjunct professor of law at Georgetown University Law Center. From 1995 to 1996 he served as Deputy Counsel, General Counsel, for the Dole-Kemp 1996 Presidential campaign. Prior to this position he served at the Securities and Exchange Commission and clerked for the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Eighth Circuit. Next on our panel we have William Stephen Jasien, who has been nominated for the term expiring December 31, 2009. Mr. Jasien is a Senior Vice President for the Distribution and Administration of Public Pension Plans at ING Financial Advisors, a broker-dealer where he has worked since 1993. Previously, from 1991 to 1993, he served in the United States Department of Treasury as Deputy Assistant Secretary, Budget Procurement and Human Resource Administration. From 1989 to 1991 Mr. Jasien served at the Resolution Trust Corporation Oversight Board as a Director of Public and Industry Affairs. He also worked as Deputy Campaign Controller for the George Bush for President Campaign from 1987 to 1989 and for the United States Senator Paula Hawkins from 1985 to 1987. Our final nominee for the Board is William Heyman who has been nominated for two terms, the first expiring at the end of this year and the second expiring on December 31, 2010. Mr. Heyman is currently serving as Vice Chairman and Chief Investment Officer for the Travelers Companies, Inc. From 1995 to 2002 he worked for Citigroup and its predecessor, Travelers Group, Inc., in various positions including Chairman of Citigroup Investments. Prior to that position he worked from 1993 to 1995 for Salomon Brothers, Inc. as Managing Director and head of the Private Investment Department. From 1991 to 1993 at the Securities and Exchange Commission, as Director of the Division of Market Regulation. He has also worked for brokerage firms and private law firms. He's a member of the Board of Governors for the National Association of Securities Dealers. Mr. Heyman, I thank you for being here. I look forward to the testimony of all of our witnesses here this morning. Let me, first of all, do what we normally do here. Let me ask each of you if you have family here in the room, and I know some of you do. And why don't you recognize them and introduce them for the purposes of the record so they can actually say they were here. So some day when they say you did not show up for my confirmation, you can say in the record I was here. Mr. Rafiekian. Mr. Rafiekian. Thank you, Mr. Chairman. I have my wife of 25 years, Gissou, who is a banker. Also here with me, my daughter Christine, who is a sophomore at American University studying international studies and law and society, and my daughter Alexandria, who will be a freshman at Winston Churchill High School. Chairman Dodd. Terrific. That is very good. Thank you. Thanks for joining us this morning. Diane. Ms. Farrell. Mr. Chairman, I am most honored to introduce to you my husband, some would say long-suffering, of 29 years, Win Farrell, who has really and truly made all of this possible for me. And I am going to publicly say thank you, for the record. Chairman Dodd. Thank you very much. Win, nice to see you. Good to have you with us this morning. Mr. Jasien. Mr. Jasien. Mr. Chairman, I am pleased to introduce my family: my wife Kathy, our daughter Ally, our son Hunter, and other son Chapman. Our oldest son could not be here. He is off at wrestling camp. Chairman Dodd. Very good. We will note where he is in the record. Mr. Jasien. And they are thrilled to be here. Chairman Dodd. Thanks for coming here this morning. Mr. Shelton. Mr. Shelton. Mr. Chairman, my family could not be here today but I still would like to recognize my wife April and my sons, Spencer and Hewitt. Chairman Dodd. Absolutely, very good. Mr. Heyman. Mr. Heyman. My family could not be here either, but I would like to recognize my wife Wendy and my stepson Jack. Chairman Dodd. Terrific, very, very good. Since we are recognizing family, I should recognize my wife is here, Jackie. For the record, for truth in advertising here, Jackie was a member of the Board and Vice Chairman of the Board at the Eximbank for a number of years and Chief of Staff down there, as well. She has a strong interest and knows Diane well, obviously. But in addition to that, she has some pretty good knowledge about Eximbank and wanted to come by this morning and hear the testimony. Let me turn to my colleague, Senator Allard. STATEMENT OF SENATOR WAYNE ALLARD Senator Allard. Mr. Chairman, I would like to thank you for convening the Banking Committee this morning to consider the pending nominations. I appreciate the opportunity to learn more about the nominees' background as well as their intentions for their agencies. First, I would like to welcome Mr. Rafiekian, who is nominated to the Board of the Export-Import Bank. It is important to have strong leadership in place and his prior leadership on the board, I think, will be very, very helpful. I would also like to welcome Diane Farrell. I am sure her background, especially in advertising, will be helpful to the Export-Import Bank. Next, I would like to welcome William Herbert Heyman, William Jasien, and Mark Shelton, all of whom are nominated to the Board of Directors of the Securities Investor Protection Corporation. The Securities Investor Protection Corporation has recovered $15.7 billion in assets for 626,000 investors when brokerage firms closed to bankruptcy or other financial problems. SIPC estimates that no fewer than 99 percent of persons who are eligible have been made whole in the failed brokerage firm cases it has handled to date. Our nominees bring outstanding private sector credentials to their positions and I appreciate their willingness to enter or remain in public service. I encouraged them to remain focused on results and outcomes rather than processes. One of the best ways to do this is through familiarity and compliance with the Government Performance and Results Act and the Administration's PART analysis. Thank you for being here today and I look forward to your testimony. Thank you, Mr. Chairman. Chairman Dodd. With that let me, if I can, ask our witnesses to please stand and raise your right hand, if you would. Do you swear or affirm that the testimony that you are about to give is the truth, the whole truth, and nothing but the truth, so help you God? Mr. Rafiekian. I do. Ms. Farrell. I do. Mr. Heyman. I do. Mr. Jasien. I do. Mr. Shelton. I do. Chairman Dodd. And do you agree to appear and testify before any duly constituted Committee of the United States? Mr. Rafiekian. I do. Ms. Farrell. I do. Mr. Heyman. I do. Mr. Jasien. I do. Mr. Shelton. I do. Chairman Dodd. I thank you very much. Please be seated. Before you begin, let me assure all of you here that your written testimony will be included in the record in full, and any other supporting documents you may want the Committee to have for purposes of the nomination. I say that and also, as my colleague knows, we will leave the record open here for any statements other members of the Committee want to make regarding the nominees or any questions they may have for you, which I will ask that they produce promptly so that you can respond promptly so that we can try and get this confirmation done, barring any other unforeseen circumstance, before the August break. That is my attention anyway, to try and get you out of here. We have got some markups for this Committee planned for this month here and I would like to be able to include your nominations as part of that. So again, as custom would have it, members are not all here. They may want some questions to be raised with you and I want to give them the opportunity to do that. But I will insist that they do it promptly and that you respond promptly, as well. Any delay in that obviously runs the risk of delaying your nomination going forward. So we will try and make that as quick as we can. With that, let me begin with you, Mr. Rafiekian, and any opening statement you have. I will just work down the line here with you and then I have some questions for you. STATEMENT OF BIJAN RAFIEKIAN, MEMBER OF THE BOARD OF DIRECTORS- DESIGNATE, EXPORT-IMPORT BANK OF THE UNITED STATES Mr. Rafiekian. Thank you, Chairman Dodd, Senator Allard. I am most grateful to President Bush for renominating me and granting me the greatest honor of my life, with the opportunity to serve my country, the United States of America, as a member of the Board of Directors of the Export-Import Bank of the United States. With 9 months of service in this capacity, I have developed an understanding of the Bank's operations and mission. I have been fortunate to work closely with the most talented dedicated professional staff at the Eximbank. I would like to express my appreciation for their hard work in support of American exporters and their contribution to maintaining and expanding U.S. jobs through exports. Serving together with my distinguished colleagues on the Board of Directors in carrying out the policies articulated in by the Congress of the United States has been a privilege and a point of personal pride for me. Mr. Chairman, when I came before this honorable committee in September of 2006, I testified that if confirmed I would do my very best to carry out the prudential and fiduciary responsibilities of the office I was nominated to serve. It is with humility and a great sense of appreciation for the trust and confidence you placed in me, and it is with personal pride that I am here today to present to you that I have kept my promise in my capacity as a member of the Board of Directors of Eximbank. I applied my experience with diligence to make certain that as we eagerly and aggressively fulfill our mission to support American exporters and U.S. jobs, the interest of U.S. taxpayers are protected. In addition to carrying out the duties of the office I serve on the Board of Directors, I have also served as the Chairman of the Audit Committee of the Board, together with my colleagues, members of the Audit Committee, overseeing the work of independent internal and external auditors. I have made certain that we provide continuous examination and scrutiny of the adequacy of safeguards and systems of internal control to ensure the continuity of safety and soundness of the operation of the Bank in an independent fashion. In addition to my work on the Board of Directors and my responsibility as Chairman of the Audit Committee, I also serve as an ex-officio member of the Credit Committee of the Bank, representing the Board. My work on this Committee has afforded me the opportunity to observe the competence and dedication of professional staff members and the opportunity to apply my experience and contribute to work of this Committee. I have worked closely with our Small Business Division to expand our reach and support for small businesses and have actively participated in expanding our city state partnerships in support of small business. I have also worked with my colleagues at the Department of Commerce and Trade Development Agency to do more for the services sector within the frame of our charter and authorizations. Mr. Chairman, Senator Allard, I am here today to testify that if confirmed I shall continue my work in carrying out the responsibilities of the office I am designated to serve with the same degree of diligence, care, and dedication and with the same vigor as I have in the past 9 months. I am here to testify that if confirmed I shall uphold the highest standards of integrity and prudence consistent with the honor and responsibility of the office I am designated to serve. I am grateful to you, sir, for giving me this great honor to come before you today. In respect for your time, I keep my remarks brief and I welcome the opportunity to answer your questions. Thank you. Chairman Dodd. Thank you very much, Mr. Rafiekian. Ms. Farrell. STATEMENT OF DIANE G. FARRELL, MEMBER OF THE BOARD OF DIRECTORS-DESIGNATE, EXPORT-IMPORT BANK OF THE UNITED STATES Ms. Farrell. Mr. Chairman, Mr. Allard, and individuals here to witness the hearing this morning, it is a great honor to appear before you as a nominee to the Board of the Export- Import Bank of the United States. I am grateful to President Bush for this nomination, to Senator Harry Reid for his support, and most especially to my great friend, Chairman Dodd, for convening this hearing. Chris, you have represented our State and led the Nation on so many issues vital to our citizenry. It is equally an honor to have my friend, Jackie Clegg Dodd, here in attendance. As former Vice Chair of the Export- Import Bank, her knowledge of international trade and export finance has been an invaluable resource. As important as all who are in this room are important, the most to me is my husband of 25 years whom I have introduced. I should also say, since everyone has mentioned their children and I do not want to catch grief at home, we do miss our two daughters, Hillary and Margaret. I have to tell you that without my family's support this would never have happened and I cannot say thank you enough. When the opportunity to serve as Director of the Export- Import Bank was first raised, I was instantly excited. The principle of partnership and a personal philosophy that government should act in an assisting role to the marketplace whenever possible helped to guide my years as the chief elected official of my community. In 8 years in office, I worked closely in a supportive role with commercial interests of all sizes. Fairfield County, Connecticut is home to numerous Fortune 500 companies as well as small business. The Business Council of Fairfield County and the Chambers of Commerce in the cities and towns in our area are proactive organizations that eagerly reached out to area elected officials as a means to multidimensionally strengthen the region. Cooperative efforts including transportation, housing, homeland security, and infrastructure improvement are some of the more prominent initiatives that I was involved in during my tenure in office. Should I be confirmed to the Board of Directors at the Eximbank, I would intend to carry forward the public-private partnership philosophy as part of the Eximbank's leadership. I had the opportunity to attend the Eximbank's annual meeting this past April and was very impressed to see the cooperative spirit between government and the private sector. Having come from the account management side of advertising prior to my years in public service, I was pleased to see such strong efforts on behalf of the Bank to actively market its products to lending institutions and their clients. I would expect to employ the skills I honed in the advertising industry as a Director of the Bank on behalf of the Eximbank where I can be helpful. Acknowledging the emphasis that Congress has asked the Eximbank to place on small business support, I would hope to play a leadership role in that effort. Having managed a municipality for 8 years well suits me to understand the complexities and unique nature of government institutions. Prior to becoming the First Selectwoman, I served on the Board of Finance. These two experiences in combination give me both the perspectives of management and oversight. As one of the non-managing members of the Board, I will be serving as part of the Audit Committee. This is a very familiar role for me, as it was a function of our Board of Finance. I take special note the Bank will, for the first time--thank you, Senator--have an inspector general. Independent internal audit functions can be extremely helpful to management and I would lend my support to assist and support the additional oversight sought by Congress. What perhaps attracts me most to the Eximbank is its mission to promote U.S. commercial interests in the global marketplace with the priority of retaining jobs here at home. The issue of losing jobs overseas is ever present in the minds of our country's citizens and leadership. To be able to actively help companies compete to retain jobs and promote new industries will be a most rewarding and satisfying endeavor. There is a wonderful motto that I learned in Girl Scouts many years ago: ``A Girl Scout leaves a place better than she found it.'' It may sound a bit too folksy here in such August surroundings but it speaks volumes to the kind of person I have always tried to be--to make a difference. Should I be confirmed, I look forward to putting my experience, training, and energy to work on behalf of the Export-Import Bank. I am eager to make a positive contribution. It would be a great honor to serve my country in this capacity. Mr. Chairman, Mr. Allard, thank you again for the opportunity to seek your support of my nomination. I look forward to any questions you may have for me. Thank you. Chairman Dodd. Thank you very much. Mr. Jasien. STATEMENT OF WILLIAM S. JASIEN, DIRECTOR-DESIGNATE, SECURITIES INVESTOR PROTECTION CORPORATION Mr. Jasien. Good morning, Mr. Chairman, Senator Allard, my name is Bill Jasien and I am honored to be nominated by President Bush to serve on the SIPC Board of Directors. I want to re-emphasize how pleased I am to have my family here with me today supporting me for this great honor. I believe I am well-qualified to serve on the SIPC Board based on my financial expertise and background in the securities and wealth management industries. I am a Certified Retirement Plan Administrator and currently head of Business Development for ING Financial Advisors. This division of ING is focused on the defined contribution retirement planning marketplace. I take great pride in my affiliation with ING and its global focus on serving the needs of savers and investors through our banking, investments, insurance and asset management business lines. Beyond ING, I am active in various charitable organizations, including INFRE, the International Foundation for Investor Education, the Washington Chapter of the American Red Cross, and the United States State Department Overseas Scholastic Advisory Council. I am the former Vice Rector of the Board for my alma mater, James Madison University, and have participated in a variety of private sector boards and commissions throughout my career. I am honored to have served in various capacities in the Government. Here as a staffer on Capitol Hill, as Director of Public Affairs for the Oversight Board of the Resolution Trust Corporation, and as Deputy Assistant Secretary at the U.S. Department of Treasury. As a registered NASD principal with a SIPC member broker- dealer, I very much appreciate the important role SIPC plays in the securities industry. Although the securities industry is quite complex, it can be distilled down to a few key principles: education, risk, and confidence. Throughout its history, SIPC has had a meaningful influence on each of these components, Components which ensure market transparency, investor protection, and ultimately a thriving capital markets industry. SIPC's efforts in educating and protecting the rights of investors have resulted in an unparalleled record of success. The work of SIPC alongside of that of the SEC, self-regulatory organizations, and State regulators is critical in maintaining investor confidence. As you know, SIPC was established back in 1970 to help restore public confidence in the securities markets. This was a turbulent time in our financial history with hundreds of broker-dealers merging or going out of business. Since its formation it has effectively executed on its mission of restoring funds to investors with assets in the hands of bankrupt or otherwise financially troubled brokerage firms. Over this period, they have protected no fewer than 99 percent of eligible persons and have advanced $505 million in order to recover $15.7 billion for an estimated 626,000 investors. In conclusion, the brokerage business is a highly competitive environment with increasingly tough regulatory requirements. These dynamics will require firms to invest in their infrastructure in order to realize required efficiencies and a sound operating model. Should I be fortunate enough to be confirmed by the Senate, I am committed to diligently working with this Committee, the Board, and the professional staff at SIPC to closely monitor and anticipate the challenges in the securities industry and secure sufficient but responsible funding to perpetuate the important mission of the corporation. There should be no question in investors' minds that SIPC is well run, operating with a stable financial structure, and prepared to execute on its legislative mandates. Mr. Chairman and Senator Allard, that concludes my remarks and I look forward to answering any questions you may have. Thank you for your attention and your consideration. Chairman Dodd. Thank you very much. Mr. Shelton. STATEMENT OF MARK S. SHELTON, DIRECTOR-DESIGNATE, SECURITIES INVESTOR PROTECTION CORPORATION Mr. Shelton. Good morning, Mr. Chairman, Senator Allard. I am honored to come before you today to seek your consent as the President's nominee to serve as a Director of the Securities Investor Protection Corporation. In private practice at Wilmer, Cutler and Pickering, I provided legal advice to broker-dealers regarding compliance with financial responsible rules designed to prevent customer securities and cash balances from being put at risk if a broker-dealer were to fail. I presently serve as General Counsel of the U.S. Wealth Management Business for UBS. UBS is a leading global wealth manager, top tier investment bank, and one of the largest global asset managers. Wealth Management U.S. provides brokerage, advisory, banking, and trust services to its clients. At UBS, I have had the opportunity to help investors understand how our securities markets work and to prepare employees to speak about the rights and protections available to investors when they advise clients. I believe my background and the relevant legal framework and focus on investor education and protection will be helpful if I am confirmed. SIPC plays an important role for investors. Every investor should understand that rewards from investing in securities are only possible with market risk. But investors should be able to expect that their funds and securities will be there if their brokerage firm fails. SIPC gives investors confidence that if a firm were to fail and securities were stolen, misplaced, or put at risk for other reasons, help is available to them. If confirmed as a Director of SIPC, I promise the President, this Committee, and the investing public that I will use my knowledge, experience, and skills combined with commitment and enthusiasm to maintain and strengthen SIPC's effectiveness for investors. Thank you for your time and consideration and I will be happy to answer any questions you may have. Chairman Dodd. Thanks, Mr. Shelton. Mr. Heyman. STATEMENT OF WILLIAM HERBERT HEYMAN, DIRECTOR-DESIGNATE, SECURITIES INVESTOR PROTECTION CORPORATION Mr. Heyman. Good morning, Mr. Chairman, Senator Allard. My name is William Heyman and I am Vice Chairman and Chief Investment Officer of the Travelers Companies, a major U.S. property and casualty insurer. I am also a member of the Board of Governors and of the Executive Committee of the NASD. I am honored to have been nominated by President Bush to be a Director of the Securities Investor Protection Corporation. From 1991 to 1993, when I served as Director of the Division of Market Regulation of the Securities and Exchange Commission, I was the SEC's observer on the SIPC Board. So I am especially pleased at the prospect of renewing that association. Since the creation of SIPC in 1970, industry consolidation and the advancement of back-office technology have largely eliminated the paperwork problems from which SIPC was born, with the result that some very large brokerage firms have failed without requiring SIPC involvement. The incidence of broker-dealer failures has been further limited by vigorous enforcement of two SEC rules. The Net Capital Rule provides early warnings of broker-dealers' financial distress. The Customer Protection Rule requires firms to reduce the possession and control fully paid or excess margin customer securities and to segregate cash in a reserve account roughly equal to net amount owed customers. The number of ongoing SEC liquidation proceedings is now at a record low of 21 firms and the customers in those proceedings have, with very few exceptions, been satisfied. Most of the work in open cases relates to recovery of residual assets of failed firms. Still, small numbers of broker-dealers regularly fail under conditions requiring SIPC involvement. These failures generally result not from adverse market conditions but rather from failure to operate competently or honestly. About half are so- called introducing firms, which should not have been handling customer assets in the first place. So SIPC still has an important role as a limited safety net for the individual investor whose protection is at the heart of our securities laws. If confirmed as a Director, I pledged to use my experience in both the securities and insurance industries to ensure that SIPC continues to meet its responsibilities as expeditiously, professionally, and fairly as possible and without recourse to the taxpayers. I thank you for your consideration and I will be pleased to answer any questions. Chairman Dodd. Thank you very much. Thank all of you for that. Congratulations to all of you, again, for your nomination. I will just take a couple of minutes and then I will turn to my colleague for any questions he may have as well here. Some of these are just pretty straightforward questions. Ms. Farrell, let me just begin with you, and I thank you for your opening comments and your focus of attention here. One of the key things over the years in my experience here, beginning when I first arrived in the Senate, is that the Export-Import Bank was almost the exclusive domain of several large corporations that used the Export-Import Bank to expand their opportunities overseas. Over the years, under various administrations and various directors, the Export-Import Bank has expanded that to include a lot of smaller businesses, as well. And I think we have all benefited from that. In fact, I think it has become the backbone of our economy. Obviously, in many ways, small businesses is most important, 80 percent I think is the number of their jobs are small businesses. I wonder if you might just share with us some thoughts you have on what role you can play in maintaining this focus on smaller businesses and any ideas you might have to share with us about how you expand those? Ms. Farrell. I think that is a wonderful question and I actually look at my qualifications as being particularly strong in that area, simply because having worked at the local level these have been the individuals that I have been worrying about, caring for, and advocating on behalf of at every level, whether it is locally, whether it has been regionally, or statewide or federally. As I mentioned in my opening remarks, I was very pleased to see the marketing efforts that were taking place, as evidenced by the Bank's annual meeting back in April. I was also very pleased to read in the annual report this year that there has been a greater effort at improving the Bank's online capabilities, because there is no question in this world of Internet immediacy, the more the Bank can do to streamline the process and make it available online, it is going to be that much easier for smaller groups who just do not have staff resources or have the ability to have a direct contact with the Bank to access. One of the other things that I like about the whole notion of focusing on small business, and I do think it was appropriate that in the reauthorization there were certain specific levels set by the Congress in order to assure that it remains a focus of the Bank, including requiring that there be a separate division that reports directly to the Chairman, is to make sure that we are providing the kinds of tools that are easy to understand and that we are reaching out. So toward that end, I certainly intend to provide the kind of oversight but also the kind of advice that I can give in terms of how I think we can best communicate and reach out. So I am very excited about that. And you are 100 percent correct, when you look a growth factors in terms of U.S. business, small business is extremely important, especially as it relates to women-owned businesses and minority business, as well. Chairman Dodd. Good. I look forward to working with you on that. Mr. Rafiekian let me ask you, you have been at the Bank obviously and an ongoing issue is always how we compete more effectively in these emerging markets. And it is a challenge all the time. Let me raise, if I can, a couple of questions with you in the context of that and ask you to comment on how you think we can more aggressively level the playing field that we have to compete in in these emerging markets. I particularly want to raise the issue of China, if I can, with you here. The Bank focuses obviously on doing business in emerging markets, including China. The Banking Committee has conducted, this Committee, several hearings on our trade policy with China. Senator Shelby and I have introduced some legislation on the issue pertaining to China's currency manipulation and denial of access to its markets by U.S. financial service firms. I am sure you are aware of all of this. What do you think the Eximbank can do to expand opportunities for U.S. exporters in China? Mr. Rafiekian. Thank you, Mr. Chairman. That is a very important question, sir, and I certainly understand the interest and the focus on emerging markets and the significance of emerging markets. When it comes to the particular market of China there are realities that we must consider in providing financing for exporters to China. We had the Chairman of China Eximbank as a speaker at our annual conference to directly learn the views and he had an opportunity, Chairman Li, to express his views. As we look at China, we see the opportunities for American exporters there. We also see the challenges that we might consider in making these difficult decisions. At all times the portion of the responsibility that deals with the financing part, which is really our mission, is going to remain our focus. I would like to borrow a few words from my good colleague, who is the Chairman of the Bank, that said we do whatever we can in what makes the most sense to help the exporters in all markets. We are active in 91 markets and our portfolio reflects 150 countries, and we continue that support for the exporters with an eye of caution on what is also taxpayers' interest. Chairman Dodd. Let me, in a related matter, you are familiar with the tied aid issue. I know my colleague from Colorado does as well here, the question. We have a war chest, I want to call it that, I guess, at the Bank here to provide an opportunity for the United States to compete. A number of nations who compete with us in these markets, of course, provide grant assistance for various projects. And we have allowed, at least when that occurs, for us to be able to compete on a level playing field. I gather it has been some time since that war chest has been used at all, the tied aid program. I wonder if you might share with us what is your knowledge about that? Is there any reason why there is a reluctance and hesitancy? Obviously, we would all like--we would like the playing field to be leveled to the point where you did not have to have grant aid coming in. But as you and I both know, there are nations out there who play by a different set of rules when it comes to competing in these emerging markets. So the tied aid idea was to give us the opportunity to respond when those nations used grant aid as a way of winning some of these contracts over our businesses who had a vested interest obviously in winning those contracts. Why has there been such a reluctance to use the war chest? I gather it has been some time since we used the tied aid package to assist U.S. businesses. Mr. Rafiekian. Thank you, Mr. Chairman. That is a very important question. When it comes to tied aid among the difficult situations that we face, the decisions that we have to make as members of the Board of Directors, tied aid questions are amongst those questions. I must express to you, sir, that my first sensitivity is to the exporter. I see my role as being assigned the duty of supporting the exporter in any way we can in what makes the most sense. And when it comes to tied aid, my sympathies are with the exporter. I would like to do whatever we can and I would like to see whatever Eximbank can to make that export possible so American jobs are protected and American jobs are maintained. Having said that, we work very close with the Department of Treasury on this issue to make sure that within all the rules within OECD, which we do have a membership, and there are product rules, there are country rules, there are concessionality rules that have to be followed. This is a very important issue when it comes to tied aid, as you said, in leveling the playing field not all players in this marketplace of global market play by the rules. We realize that outside of the sandbox that we operate in there is a world and there are those who have other systems that do not always play by the rules. Chairman Dodd. Do you know when the last time was we used the war chest? Do you have any idea when the last time was? Mr. Rafiekian. I do not have that information, Mr. Chairman, right now but I am aware that the tied aid is not used regularly. Chairman Dodd. Would you let the Committee know? For my purpose, I would like to know when the last time it was used. It would be helpful to us to get some idea. And if there is some reluctance beyond the hesitancy that we all have, but beyond that, I would like to know whether or not there is something broader going on in terms of the use of that fund, if you could do that for me. Mr. Rafiekian. Mr. Chairman, if I may, I will return to your office with that information. I will be happy to get that detail. Chairman Dodd. I appreciate that. Let me turn to my colleague and then I will have a few questions for our SIPC nominees. Senator Allard. Thank you, Mr. Chairman. I just have a few questions myself that I want to follow up with. Both Mr. Rafiekian and Ms. Farrell, I want to thank you for wanting to serve on the Export-Import Bank. We have worked hard to try and get an inspector general in place and I would like to hear both your comments as to how you feel you may be able to work with the new inspector general. I know that Ms. Farrell made some comments in that regard in her opening statement. But particularly I would like to hear what you have to say, Mr. Rafiekian. Mr. Rafiekian. Thank you, Senator Allard. Senator, when I came before you in September 2006, I particularly appreciated the emphasis that was placed on the presence of an inspector general at the agency I serve. I am very pleased, sir, and I would like to thank you for your efforts and now we have an inspector general. And I look forward to the arrival of the inspector general. I look forward to working closely with the inspector general. I have had a brief conversation with him and as it turns out, Senator Allard, upon arrival I was asked to take on the responsibility to work on the Audit Committee as the Chairman of the Audit Committee. We have been, together with my colleagues on this Committee, very diligent on the issues that I know are very important to you, sir, and to the members of this Committee. I value very much the presence of the inspector general at the agency and I can speak on behalf of my colleagues on the Audit Committee and my colleagues on the Board of Directors. They are all welcoming this opportunity, sir, and thank you for your efforts in helping to get the inspector general to our agency. Senator Allard. Ms. Farrell. Ms. Farrell. I am a big believer in internal audits. When I was the First Selectwoman of Westport we were constantly auditing because we were doing major construction projects that required certain audits, et cetera. But there is no question that I think there is a benefit to management, even if they initially resist the idea that there is someone else looking over the shoulder. There is an assurance to the taxpayer that things are being properly monitored. I think there are benefits, as I mentioned, to management, because I think there are opportunities to point out, anomalies, difficulties, challenges, whatever they happen to be. And I think that the autonomy of the individual is very, very important. So I certainly supported, as I was reading through the legislation that was proposed and ultimately passed by the Congress, the notion of doing this. And as I mentioned, having been on both sides, having served on the Board of Finance and having to have the auditors directly report to me, but having that distance or independence from management. And then going over to management, I felt it was extremely important to have understood both sides. So I think in my role as a non-management member of the Board, I will have that sensitivity and empathy for both sides and certainly will be supportive of both. But in the name of the taxpayer, I think it was a very important step for the Congress to initiate and for the Bank to adopt. Senator Allard. The next question I just pose to the entire panel. The Congress, in the early 1994-1995 passed what we call the Government Performance and Results Act. The Clinton administration would begin to put that in place. The current administration, Bush, has continued to work it. He has called it the PART program. You can access the PART program on the Internet if you go to ExpectMore.gov. I will look at that from time to time to see how the various agencies are performing. They will rate the agencies according to whether they are effective, somewhat effective, ineffective or are not trying to measure--there is no result available. The Export-Import Bank is rated as moderately effective, so there is room for improvement. I suspect that the shortfall or most of that moderately effective comes because they are looking at the small business goals. The Chairman mentioned the importance of small business, you have looked at that. So I just hope that you look at that very closely. And I just wonder if you have any ideas on what we can do on the small business side to make those goals achievable? Mr. Rafiekian. Senator Allard, I recognize how important small businesses are. As a former small business owner, I know the challenges of a small business first-hand. I lived that life and tried to create jobs and tried to maintain them and explore new markets. It is very difficult for a small businessperson because the small businessperson is always faced with challenges of scarcity of resources in a different scale than I mentioned that would be comprehended by those with bigger resources. When it comes to small business authorizations, I am very pleased to report, as it has been reported before, that last year 26 percent of our total authorizations were comprised of support for exporters and small businesses. When it came to numbers, 84 percent of our authorizations were dedicated to small business. Today the small business portfolio, under the direction of my colleague Director Conlin, who is also the Vice Chair of the Bank, is placing ever greater focus on this issue with reaching out to small businesses, conferences, seminars, working with other agencies to reach out. I am very pleased to say, Senator, that I got a chance to participate in support of the portfolio for small business and traveled to other States to meet with the small businesses to understand their needs and do what we can to expand our city- state partnerships, which plays an important role as a conduit to small businesses for us. And that emphasis and focus is continuing in importance. I would like to thank you and members of the Committee for focusing our attention on this issue. Senator Allard. Thank you. On the SIPC Corporation, your efforts and what you are doing is obviously very, very important. And when we looked at your listing on the PART, they do not list you. I think it will be just a matter of time before you will be reviewed by OMB. That is the independent agency that will review all these as to whether you are compliant. I assume that you are setting goals and objectives that are measurable and, if not, perhaps maybe encourage you to, as being responsible for the oversight on that, to encourage the Corporation to go ahead and set up measurable goals and objectives so you can determine how your outcomes are coming and everything else. You seem to have a very good record right now. I think that is good. That is perhaps maybe why somebody has not taken a closer look at you at this particular point. But I do think that, again, an important part of that is the relationship between the Securities Investors Protection Corporation and the State regulators. The States play a key role in regulation of the security brokers. I would like to have you talk a little bit about how you see that relationship and how you might build that into measurable goals and objectives. Mr. Heyman. If you look at the menu of SIPC liquidations, many of the firms in recent years have been small firms with highly localized businesses. And the result is that, in many cases, they are repeat offenders with whom State regulators are much more familiar than SIPC could be. And SIPC has cooperated vigorously with State regulators in sorting out the firms, recovering customer assets and, in several cases, in State enforcement actions. My guess is going forward firms in liquidation will continue to be mostly firms of that character. Senator Allard. Any other comments? Mr. Shelton. I think the State regulators play a very important role in prosecuting fraud. I think the Federal regulation is also very important for the books and records. And the cooperation with the SEC and with the SROs, to be able to have the books and records available to prove that customer funds and securities, where they are, and that they have not been used improperly in the business has been a very important part of SIPC's protections. Senator Allard. Mr. Jasien. Mr. Jasien. Senator, in your opening comments you talked about results over process and that is done through familiarity and compliance. I could not agree more. Also with your comments around setting milestones. As a board, I eagerly look forward to engaging with the issues of the Board, looking at some of the milestones that we could set for the Board. One of the things I am most impressed with in talking to staff at the SIPC is their focus on education. I think that is a gap right now in the general public's understanding of SIPC and brokerage firms' understanding the role of SIPC. So I look forward to working with the Board and this Committee in setting those milestones, particularly around education. Senator Allard. Mr. Chairman, my time has run over a little bit here by 3 minutes. I have one more question. Chairman Dodd. Go ahead. Senator Allard. This has to do with the financial markets moving more to global issues and how they are faced. More and more of our national trade and everything is becoming more global. So I see that this is going to create some perhaps problems as the SIPC protection is concerned. Do you see SIPC protection--obviously, it does not apply in all cases--but do you believe that their mission and coverage should be re-examined in light of the expanded global nature of our financial markets? Or do you believe it is appropriate as they are currently structured? Mr. Heyman. I think that the mission of SIPC as it is currently defined is capable of being carried out in an environment in which the investments of U.S. individuals are increasingly global in nature. SIPC applies to identifiable customer assets in certificated form which can be U.S. or non- U.S. issuers. And I think the statute and the function of the organization are pretty robust. Senator Allard. Anyone want to add to that? Mr. Shelton or Mr. Jasien. Mr. Shelton. I agree that so long as SIPC's protections are limited to the assets that are readily identifiable that are with a U.S. broker-dealer, I think that it is perfectly adequate and that it is not significant that some of those assets may be foreign assets. Mr. Jasien. I agree that we certainly have the proper infrastructure today. But as I stated in my opening comments, I think it is important for us to make sure we monitor the outlook of the securities industry. There is certainly an exciting global evolution going on that we need to keep a very close eye on to see if that does impact funding needs for SIPC and other matters that are just not on the radar screen at this time. Senator Allard. Mr. Chairman, that concludes my questions. Thank you. Chairman Dodd. Thank you very much, Senator. Let me thank you for the questions. I want to just raise a couple of issues if I can for you, and these are pretty fundamental but I would like to have you on record for them. This is a part-time appointment and I understand that all of you will probably be continuing in your day jobs here as you fulfill this obligation and responsibility. What I am asking is whether or not you have had discussions with SIPC on how to handle possible conflicts of interest in this regard that might arise because of your current employment or board memberships, including circumstances which may require your recusal because of those conflicts? Previous SIPC directors have signed conflict of interest agreements with SIPC. Is it your intention, I would ask all three of you, to do so as well? Mr. Heyman. Yes. Mr. Jasien. Yes. Mr. Shelton. Yes. Chairman Dodd. You are all nodding affirmatively. A key issue to the effectiveness of SIPC is maintaining the adequacy of the SIPC fund reserve. As of December 31st, the reserves were almost $1.4 billion for securities firms that hold some $3 trillion in investor securities. Now that is a wide gap obviously here. But there have been very few failures in recent years. And even in those cases most of the securities and cash have been recovered. So while the gap seems large, I think many assume that that number has actually been fairly adequate given recent past history. But I think it is important to monitor the adequacy of SIPC fund reserves in light of the contemporary market conditions. From time to time SIPC has commissioned studies analyze the adequacy of the fund reserves. Let me ask all three of you whether or not you would undertake to have SIPC continue to review the adequacy of the fund periodically? I presume you would. Mr. Heyman. Yes. Mr. Jasien. Yes. Mr. Shelton. Yes. Chairman Dodd. You are nodding affirmatively on that, as well. We have also--these internal financial controls at SIPC, there were some issues that GAO reported on. I do not know if you brought this up or not. But the GAO in 2004 raised some issues concerning SIPC and stated that the SEC found that SIPC had inadequate internal controls over the fees and expenses awarded to trustees and their counsel. Now since then SIPC has done a good job of cleaning that up. I just point that out. That was the report back in 2004. four. As directors here, I am going to ask you whether or not you would seek to maintain strong internal financial controls at SIPC? Many organizations have voluntarily taken additional steps and I am asking you, if confirmed, would you consider whether it would be beneficial to have SIPC management annually prepare a report assessing the effectiveness of SIPC's internal control procedures and to have the auditor attest to the adequacy of internal controls and to publish those in SIPC's annual report? Would you be willing to do that? Mr. Heyman. Yes. Mr. Jasien. Yes. Mr. Shelton. Yes. Chairman Dodd. Thanks very much for that. We have raised the education issue here, as well. And again, I would just take it from your answers that you support the importance to inform investors about the scope of SIPC coverage and enforcement efforts to protect investors from misleading advertisements. There have been several here. I think I have a pretty good idea in here what qualifies as the kind of thing you want to avoid and things that do not fall under your jurisdiction. Making a bad bet is making a bad bet. That is not what we are talking about here. We are talking about the kind of activities that can draw people in under false pretenses. So I presume you will continue to work at that and look at that, as well? Mr. Heyman. Yes. Mr. Jasien. Certainly. Mr. Shelton. Yes. Chairman Dodd. Thank you very much. And again, I will heave the record open for a few days here so our colleagues may have some additional questions. But again, I congratulate all of you on your nominations. It is very nice to have your families here with us on a day like this, as well. These are high honors to receive a Presidential nomination and confirmation by the Senate. And again, we will try and get this done as quickly as we can for you. My hope is to have you confirmed by--I think in your case, Mr. Rafiekian, you have got an August 1---- Mr. Rafiekian. Mr. Chairman, my commission expires on July 20th. Chairman Dodd. July 20. We have got to get moving here so we do not have to have you show up as a volunteer down there at the Bank. So we will try and move quickly on this to get it done. But again, I thank you for being here. I thank you for your comments. We will leave the record open for, I think, a couple of days anyway, two or 3 days here for any additional questions that will come in. The Committee stands adjourned. [Whereupon, at 10:01 a.m., the hearing was adjourned.] [Prepared statements, biographical sketches of the nominee, and responses to written questions supplied for the record follow:] [GRAPHIC(S) NOT AVAILABLE IN TIFF FORMAT] RESPONSE TO WRITTEN QUESTIONS OF SENATOR BROWN FROM BIJAN RAFIEKIAN Q.1. Could you please explain the rationale for why the Bank would agree to put forward an application to finance a project that would export machines to China which would be used to manufacture products that would directly compete with a U.S. industry already under pressure from Chinese import competition? A.1. Ex-Im Bank is a demand driven institution, In this case, the Bank is simply responding to an application for financing submitted by a U.S. exporter seeking help in making a sale of metal-stamping machines into China. As part of the Bank's legislative mandate, whenever the Bank receives a case over $10 million involving potential economic impact, the Bank is required to notify Congress and the public of the existence of such an application and to request any comments. That notification is part of an inclusive search for information which could contribute to the most knowledgeable decision possible. Ex-Im Bank staff has not yet completed its evaluation of this application. This transaction is subject to a detailed economic impact analysis which will assess the likely net impact of this transaction on the U.S. economy, Q.2. What factors does the Bank take into consideration in its economic impact assessments for proposed projects? A.2. The economic impact procedures put transactions through a series of screens to determine the extent of analysis required. The relevant factors that Bank takes into consideration include:
Trade Measures--All transactions are screened to determine the applicability of trade measures. Substantial Injury--For transactions valued greater than $10 million, Ex-Im Bank determines if the new foreign production meets the Congressionally-defined threshold for substantial injury. The substantial injury threshold is met if the new foreign production capacity is 1% or more of current U.S. production of the same, similar, or competing good. Transactions that meet the substantial injury threshold are subject to a detailed economic impact analysis. This analysis considers: A. Global oversupply--an evaluation of the current global supply/demand balance of the new foreign production. B. Trade flow impact--a determination as to whether the new foreign production would compete in the same markets where U.S. producers sell their production. C. Public comments in response to a Federal Register notice which is posted to inform the public of a proposed transaction under consideration by the Bank. D. Comments from other U.S. government agencies. Q.3. Does the Bank consider potential job loss as a result of the project? A.3. I consider potential job loss in all decisions brought to the Board and, moreover, I believe it would be irresponsible not to have said consideration for U.S. jobs. The economic impact process of the Bank is built around the issue of identifying whether a transaction involves a net job loss to the country. As case information available to the Bank is all in monetary or output terms, the Bank uses analysis of such variables as proxy measurements for the net employment impact of the transaction. Q.4. Does the Bank consider the effect that the goods produced as a result of the financing may have on sensitive U.S. industries? A.4. Yes. Pursuant to its Charter, Ex-Im Bank developed procedures to recognize industries that have particular trade sensitivities. Specifically: (1) The Bank established in April 2007 a ``Sensitive Commercial Sectors and Product List'' which consists of a combination of sectors/products and transaction characteristics that reflect recent Ex-Im Bank experience with economic impact analyses where economic impact considerations were relevant and Ex-Im Bank financing did not materialize. Transactions that will establish or expand production of items included on this list are subject to significant scrutiny. While Ex-Im Bank support is not prohibited, applicable transactions have a lower likelihood of receiving Ex-Im Bank support and the case processing time is likely to be prolonged. (2) As referenced above, the Bank takes trade measures into account For example, transactions that support the production of a product subject to an anti-dumping and/or countervailing duty orders are likely to be denied Ex-Im Bank financing. Q.5. When do you expect to make a final ruling on this proposed project? A.5. As Ex-Im Bank staff is still involved in gathering and evaluating information on this case, no date has been set for when the transaction will be put before the Ex-Im Bank Board of Directors for a decision. Board action is not imminent. You have every assurance that I am most sensitive to the issues you have raised and that the mission of the Bank is to help sustain and grow U.S. jobs. Moreover, I am aware that not all countries in the global economy strictly observe the rules, making leveling the playing field all the more difficult. This along with the mission of the Bank focuses my attention to make certain that the process is conducted based on transparency, consistency and fairness at all times. ------ RESPONSE TO WRITTEN QUESTIONS OF SENATOR DODD FROM WILLIAM HEYMAN As part of your testimony under oath, please respond in writing to each of the following numbered questions: In 2003, the SEC brought major enforcement actions against Citigroup and against Citigroup stock analyst Jack Grubman for violating Federal securities laws. The SEC's complaints recounted misconduct that involved, in part, the issuance of misleading stock recommendations, including a very positive recommendation of AT&T stock. The Complaint recounted that AT&T objected to the CEO of Citigroup, Mr. Weill, about Mr. Grubman's ratings of AT&T and that Mr. Weill some time thereafter asked Mr. Grubman to take a ``fresh look'' at the rating. Mr. Grubman told Mr. Weill that he wanted his children admitted to a prestigious preschool. According to the Complaint, after further communications between the two, Mr. Grubman upgraded his recommendation on AT&T stock from a 3 (Neutral) to a 1 (Buy) rating, Mr. Weill made contact with the preschool and approved a charitable donation by Citigroup for $1,000,000 to the preschool, and Mr. Grubman's children were admitted. The Complaint stated ``After issuing the report, Grubman told an analyst who reported to him and an institutional investor, in separate conversations, that he upgraded AT&T to help get his children into the 92nd St. Y preschool.'' The Complaint added that Mr. Grubman sent an e- mail saying that Mr. Weill ``needed [the AT&T CEO's] vote on our board to nuke [John] Reed in showdown.'' The SEC Complaint cited part of an e-mail entitled ``AT&T and the 92nd Street Y'' dated November 5, 1999 from Mr. Grubman to Mr. Weill in which he ``outlined the future steps he would take to reexamine the company . . . [and] sought Weill's assistance in getting his children admitted to the 92nd Street Y preschool.'' The original e-mail included the following statements: ``Attached is the list of the Board of Directors from the 92nd Street Y . . . if you feel comfortable and know some of these board members well enough, I would greatly appreciate it if you could ask them to use any influence they feel comfortable in using to help us as well. I noticed Bill Heyman is on the board and I think he works somewhere in the Citigroup corporate structure but I don't really know Bill. ``Anyway, anything you could do Sandy would be greatly appreciated. As I mentioned, I will keep you posted on the progress with AT&T which I think is going well.'' Q.1. During this period, did you serve on the Board of Directors of the 92nd Street Y? A.1. Technically, no. I was at that time and am currently listed on the 92nd Street Y's letterhead, to which I assume Mr. Grubman's memorandum referred, as an ``Honorary Director'', a designation given to a handful of former directors who had served as directors for long periods of time (decades). Honorary directors may attend board meetings (I did not), but do not vote. Q.2. Did anyone contact you regarding Mr. Grubman's desire to have his children admitted to the 92nd Street Y? If so, please describe the people involved, the nature of the contact, your response, and any subsequent actions. A.2. I was never contacted by anyone regarding this matter. Q.3. Please describe any efforts you made with respect to the admission of Mr. Grubman's children to the 92nd Street Y. A.3. I made no efforts on the behalf of Mr. Grubman's children regarding their admission to the 92nd Street Y. Q.4. Were you aware or informed that Mr. Grubman might raise his rating on AT&T if his children were admitted to the 92nd Street Y? A.4. No. Q.5. A letter dated September 14, 2000 on the letterhead of the Citigroup Foundation, under the signature of Stephanie Hochman, to Mr. Sol Adler, Executive Director of the 92nd Street Y, states that it is transmitting the first installment of a $1,000,000 pledge to the 92nd Street Y. The letter notes that a copy was sent to ``William Heyman.'' Did you receive a copy of this letter? A.5. I was recently shown a copy of this letter. While, almost 7 years later, I do not specifically recall it, I certainly cannot say that I did not see it. Q.6. At what time did you become aware of the contribution? A.6. Assuming that in fact I did receive the letter, I would have become aware upon seeing it. I received no other communication, from anyone at Citigroup, on this subject, either before or later. (For that matter, I recall no communication from the 92nd Street Y, either.) I believe it was customary for the Citigroup Foundation, in transmitting any grant (large or small) to any organization, to copy, as a courtesy, any Citigroup employee known to be involved with the organization. Q.7. In what ways, if any, did you participate in the solicitation or transmission of the $1,000,000 Citigroup contribution to the 92nd Street Y or of its use by the 92nd Street Y? A.7. I did not participate in any way whatsoever in this matter. Q.8. If you participated in soliciting or transmitting this contribution, were you aware or under the impression that the donation was being given in return for admitting Mr. Grubman's children for which he might publish or had published a research report that raised the rating on AT&T stock or would violate the Federal securities? A.8. As I did not participate in either the solicitation or the transmission of the contribution, I was not under any such impression.