Amendment Text: H.Amdt.568 — 110th Congress (2007-2008)

There is one version of the amendment.

Shown Here:
Amendment as Offered (07/18/2007)

This Amendment appears on page H8105 in the following article from the Congressional Record.



[Pages H8037-H8119]
  DEPARTMENTS OF LABOR, HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES, AND EDUCATION, AND 
               RELATED AGENCIES APPROPRIATIONS ACT, 2008

  The SPEAKER pro tempore. Pursuant to House Resolution 547 and rule 
XVIII, the Chair declares the House in the Committee of the Whole House 
on the State of the Union for the further consideration of the bill, 
H.R. 3043.

                              {time}  1528


                     In the Committee of the Whole

  Accordingly, the House resolved itself into the Committee of the 
Whole House on the State of the Union for the further consideration of 
the bill (H.R. 3043) making appropriations for the Departments of 
Labor, Health and Human Services, and Education, and related agencies 
for the fiscal year ending September 30, 2008, and for other purposes, 
with Mr. Capuano (Acting Chairman) in the chair.
  The Clerk read the title of the bill.
  The Acting CHAIRMAN. When the Committee of the Whole rose earlier 
today, a request for a recorded vote on the amendment offered by the 
gentleman from Georgia (Mr. Price) had been postponed, and the bill had 
been read through page 89, line 15.
  Pursuant to the order of the House of today, no further amendments to 
the bill may be offered except those specified in the previous order of 
the House of today, which is at the desk.


                  Announcement by the Acting Chairman

  The Acting CHAIRMAN. Pursuant to clause 6 of rule XVIII, proceedings 
will now resume on those amendments on which further proceedings were 
postponed, in the following order:
  An amendment by Mr. Stearns of Florida.
  An amendment by Mr. Jindal of Louisiana.
  An amendment by Mr. Barton of Texas.
  An amendment by Mr. Graves of Missouri.
  Amendment No. 41 by Mr. Hensarling of Texas.
  Amendment No. 42 by Mr. Hensarling of Texas.
  An amendment by Mr. Price of Georgia.
  An amendment by Mr. Garrett of New Jersey.
  An amendment by Ms. Foxx of North Carolina.
  The Chair will reduce to 2 minutes the time for any electronic vote 
after the first vote in this series.


                    Amendment Offered by Mr. Stearns

  The Acting CHAIRMAN. The unfinished business is the demand for a 
recorded vote on the amendment offered

[[Page H8038]]

by the gentleman from Florida (Mr. Stearns) on which further 
proceedings were postponed and on which the noes prevailed by voice 
vote.
  The Clerk will redesignate the amendment.
  The text of the amendment is as follows:

       Amendment offered by Mr. Stearns:
       Page 33, line 25, after the aggregate dollar figure insert 
     ``(increased by $12,500,000)''.
       Page 90, line 7, after the first dollar amount insert 
     ``(increased by $12,500,000)''.
       Page 97, line 16, after the aggregate dollar amount insert 
     ``(reduced by $25,000,000)''.


                             Recorded Vote

  The Acting CHAIRMAN. A recorded vote has been demanded.
  A recorded vote was ordered.
  The vote was taken by electronic device, and there were--ayes 182, 
noes 242, not voting 12, as follows:

                             [Roll No. 647]

                               AYES--182

     Aderholt
     Akin
     Alexander
     Altmire
     Bachmann
     Bachus
     Baker
     Barrett (SC)
     Bartlett (MD)
     Barton (TX)
     Bilbray
     Bilirakis
     Bishop (UT)
     Blackburn
     Blunt
     Boehner
     Bonner
     Bono
     Boozman
     Boren
     Boyda (KS)
     Brady (TX)
     Brown-Waite, Ginny
     Buchanan
     Burgess
     Burton (IN)
     Buyer
     Calvert
     Camp (MI)
     Campbell (CA)
     Cannon
     Cantor
     Capito
     Carter
     Chabot
     Coble
     Cole (OK)
     Conaway
     Cubin
     Cuellar
     Culberson
     Davis (KY)
     Davis, David
     Davis, Tom
     Deal (GA)
     Dent
     Diaz-Balart, L.
     Diaz-Balart, M.
     Doolittle
     Drake
     Dreier
     Duncan
     Emerson
     English (PA)
     Fallin
     Feeney
     Flake
     Forbes
     Fortenberry
     Fortuno
     Fossella
     Foxx
     Franks (AZ)
     Frelinghuysen
     Gallegly
     Garrett (NJ)
     Gerlach
     Giffords
     Gillmor
     Gingrey
     Gohmert
     Goode
     Goodlatte
     Granger
     Graves
     Hall (TX)
     Hastert
     Hastings (WA)
     Hayes
     Heller
     Hensarling
     Herger
     Hoekstra
     Hulshof
     Hunter
     Inglis (SC)
     Issa
     Jindal
     Johnson (IL)
     Johnson, Sam
     Jones (NC)
     Jordan
     Keller
     King (IA)
     King (NY)
     Kingston
     Kline (MN)
     Knollenberg
     Lamborn
     Lewis (KY)
     Linder
     LoBiondo
     Lucas
     Lungren, Daniel E.
     Mack
     Manzullo
     Marchant
     Matheson
     McCarthy (CA)
     McCaul (TX)
     McCotter
     McCrery
     McHenry
     McHugh
     McIntyre
     McKeon
     McMorris Rodgers
     Melancon
     Mica
     Miller (FL)
     Miller (MI)
     Miller, Gary
     Moran (KS)
     Murphy, Tim
     Musgrave
     Myrick
     Neugebauer
     Nunes
     Paul
     Pearce
     Pence
     Peterson (PA)
     Petri
     Pitts
     Poe
     Porter
     Price (GA)
     Putnam
     Radanovich
     Ramstad
     Regula
     Rehberg
     Reichert
     Renzi
     Rogers (AL)
     Rogers (KY)
     Rogers (MI)
     Rohrabacher
     Ros-Lehtinen
     Royce
     Ryan (WI)
     Sali
     Saxton
     Schmidt
     Sensenbrenner
     Sessions
     Shadegg
     Shimkus
     Shuster
     Simpson
     Smith (NE)
     Smith (NJ)
     Smith (TX)
     Space
     Stearns
     Sullivan
     Tanner
     Terry
     Thornberry
     Tiahrt
     Upton
     Walberg
     Walden (OR)
     Wamp
     Weldon (FL)
     Weller
     Whitfield
     Wilson (NM)
     Wilson (SC)
     Wolf
     Young (AK)
     Young (FL)

                               NOES--242

     Abercrombie
     Ackerman
     Allen
     Andrews
     Arcuri
     Baca
     Baird
     Baldwin
     Barrow
     Bean
     Becerra
     Berkley
     Berman
     Berry
     Biggert
     Bishop (GA)
     Bishop (NY)
     Blumenauer
     Boswell
     Boucher
     Boustany
     Boyd (FL)
     Brady (PA)
     Braley (IA)
     Brown (SC)
     Butterfield
     Capps
     Capuano
     Cardoza
     Carnahan
     Carney
     Carson
     Castle
     Castor
     Chandler
     Christensen
     Clarke
     Clay
     Cleaver
     Clyburn
     Cohen
     Conyers
     Cooper
     Costa
     Costello
     Courtney
     Crenshaw
     Crowley
     Cummings
     Davis (AL)
     Davis (CA)
     Davis (IL)
     Davis, Lincoln
     DeFazio
     DeGette
     Delahunt
     DeLauro
     Dicks
     Dingell
     Doggett
     Donnelly
     Doyle
     Edwards
     Ehlers
     Ellison
     Ellsworth
     Emanuel
     Engel
     Eshoo
     Etheridge
     Everett
     Farr
     Fattah
     Ferguson
     Filner
     Frank (MA)
     Gilchrest
     Gillibrand
     Gonzalez
     Gordon
     Green, Al
     Green, Gene
     Grijalva
     Gutierrez
     Hall (NY)
     Hare
     Harman
     Hastings (FL)
     Herseth Sandlin
     Higgins
     Hill
     Hinojosa
     Hirono
     Hobson
     Hodes
     Holden
     Holt
     Honda
     Hooley
     Hoyer
     Inslee
     Israel
     Jackson (IL)
     Jackson-Lee (TX)
     Jefferson
     Johnson (GA)
     Johnson, E. B.
     Jones (OH)
     Kagen
     Kanjorski
     Kaptur
     Kennedy
     Kildee
     Kilpatrick
     Kind
     Kirk
     Klein (FL)
     Kuhl (NY)
     LaHood
     Lampson
     Langevin
     Lantos
     Larsen (WA)
     Larson (CT)
     Latham
     LaTourette
     Lee
     Levin
     Lewis (CA)
     Lewis (GA)
     Lipinski
     Loebsack
     Lofgren, Zoe
     Lowey
     Lynch
     Mahoney (FL)
     Maloney (NY)
     Markey
     Marshall
     Matsui
     McCarthy (NY)
     McCollum (MN)
     McDermott
     McGovern
     McNerney
     McNulty
     Meek (FL)
     Meeks (NY)
     Michaud
     Miller (NC)
     Miller, George
     Mitchell
     Mollohan
     Moore (KS)
     Moore (WI)
     Moran (VA)
     Murphy (CT)
     Murphy, Patrick
     Murtha
     Nadler
     Napolitano
     Neal (MA)
     Norton
     Oberstar
     Obey
     Olver
     Ortiz
     Pallone
     Pascrell
     Pastor
     Payne
     Perlmutter
     Peterson (MN)
     Pickering
     Platts
     Pomeroy
     Price (NC)
     Pryce (OH)
     Rahall
     Rangel
     Reyes
     Rodriguez
     Roskam
     Ross
     Rothman
     Roybal-Allard
     Ruppersberger
     Rush
     Ryan (OH)
     Salazar
     Sanchez, Linda T.
     Sanchez, Loretta
     Sarbanes
     Schakowsky
     Schiff
     Schwartz
     Scott (GA)
     Scott (VA)
     Serrano
     Sestak
     Shays
     Shea-Porter
     Sherman
     Shuler
     Sires
     Skelton
     Smith (WA)
     Snyder
     Solis
     Spratt
     Stark
     Stupak
     Sutton
     Tauscher
     Taylor
     Thompson (CA)
     Thompson (MS)
     Tiberi
     Tierney
     Towns
     Turner
     Udall (CO)
     Udall (NM)
     Van Hollen
     Velazquez
     Visclosky
     Walsh (NY)
     Walz (MN)
     Wasserman Schultz
     Waters
     Watson
     Watt
     Waxman
     Weiner
     Welch (VT)
     Wexler
     Wicker
     Wilson (OH)
     Woolsey
     Wu
     Wynn
     Yarmuth

                             NOT VOTING--12

     Bordallo
     Brown, Corrine
     Cramer
     Davis, Jo Ann
     Faleomavaega
     Hinchey
     Kucinich
     Reynolds
     Slaughter
     Souder
     Tancredo
     Westmoreland

                              {time}  1552

  Messrs. SCOTT of Georgia, LYNCH, KILDEE, GENE GREEN of Texas, DAVIS 
of Illinois, PICKERING, and HILL changed their vote from ``aye'' to 
``no.''
  Messrs. BACHUS, GERLACH, and GOHMERT changed their vote from ``no'' 
to ``aye.''
  So the amendment was rejected.
  The result of the vote was announced as above recorded.


                    Amendment Offered by Mr. Jindal

  The Acting CHAIRMAN. The unfinished business is the demand for a 
recorded vote on the amendment offered by the gentleman from Louisiana 
(Mr. Jindal) on which further proceedings were postponed and on which 
the noes prevailed by voice vote.
  The Clerk will redesignate the amendment.
  The text of the amendment is as follows:

       Amendment offered by Mr. Jindal:
       Page 33, line 25, after the aggregate dollar amount insert 
     ``(reduced by $37,200,000) (increased by $37,200,000)''.


                             Recorded Vote

  The Acting CHAIRMAN. A recorded vote has been demanded.
  A recorded vote was ordered.
  The Acting CHAIRMAN. This will be a 2-minute vote.
  The vote was taken by electronic device, and there were--ayes 207, 
noes 217, not voting 12, as follows:

                             [Roll No. 648]

                               AYES--207

     Aderholt
     Akin
     Alexander
     Altmire
     Bachmann
     Bachus
     Baker
     Barrett (SC)
     Barrow
     Bartlett (MD)
     Barton (TX)
     Biggert
     Bilbray
     Bilirakis
     Bishop (UT)
     Blackburn
     Blunt
     Boehner
     Bonner
     Bono
     Boozman
     Boren
     Boustany
     Brady (TX)
     Brown (SC)
     Brown-Waite, Ginny
     Buchanan
     Burgess
     Burton (IN)
     Buyer
     Calvert
     Camp (MI)
     Campbell (CA)
     Cannon
     Cantor
     Capito
     Carter
     Castle
     Chabot
     Coble
     Cole (OK)
     Conaway
     Cubin
     Cuellar
     Culberson
     Davis (KY)
     Davis, David
     Davis, Tom
     Deal (GA)
     Dent
     Diaz-Balart, L.
     Diaz-Balart, M.
     Donnelly
     Doolittle
     Drake
     Dreier
     Duncan
     Ehlers
     Ellsworth
     Emerson
     English (PA)
     Everett
     Fallin
     Feeney
     Ferguson
     Forbes
     Fortenberry
     Fortuno
     Fossella
     Foxx
     Franks (AZ)
     Frelinghuysen
     Gallegly
     Garrett (NJ)
     Gerlach
     Giffords
     Gilchrest
     Gillibrand
     Gillmor
     Gingrey
     Gohmert
     Goode
     Granger
     Graves
     Hall (TX)
     Hastert
     Hastings (WA)
     Hayes
     Heller
     Hensarling
     Herger
     Herseth Sandlin
     Hobson
     Hoekstra
     Hulshof
     Hunter
     Issa
     Jindal
     Johnson (IL)
     Johnson, Sam
     Jones (NC)
     Jordan
     Keller
     King (IA)
     King (NY)
     Kingston
     Kirk
     Kline (MN)
     Knollenberg
     Kuhl (NY)
     Lamborn
     Latham
     LaTourette
     Lewis (CA)
     Lewis (KY)
     Linder
     LoBiondo
     Lucas
     Lungren, Daniel E.
     Mack
     Manzullo
     Marchant
     Marshall
     McCarthy (CA)
     McCaul (TX)
     McCotter
     McCrery
     McHenry
     McHugh
     McIntyre
     McKeon
     Mica
     Miller (FL)
     Miller (MI)
     Mitchell
     Moran (KS)
     Moran (VA)
     Murphy, Tim
     Musgrave
     Myrick
     Neugebauer
     Nunes
     Paul
     Pearce
     Pence
     Peterson (MN)
     Peterson (PA)
     Petri
     Pickering
     Pitts
     Platts
     Poe
     Porter
     Price (GA)
     Pryce (OH)
     Putnam
     Radanovich
     Ramstad
     Regula
     Rehberg
     Renzi
     Reynolds
     Rogers (AL)
     Rogers (KY)
     Rogers (MI)
     Ros-Lehtinen
     Roskam
     Royce
     Ryan (WI)
     Sali
     Saxton
     Schmidt
     Sensenbrenner
     Sessions
     Shadegg
     Shays
     Shimkus
     Shuler
     Shuster
     Simpson
     Smith (NE)
     Smith (NJ)
     Smith (TX)
     Spratt
     Stearns
     Stupak
     Sullivan
     Taylor
     Terry
     Thornberry

[[Page H8039]]


     Tiahrt
     Tiberi
     Turner
     Upton
     Walberg
     Walden (OR)
     Walsh (NY)
     Wamp
     Weller
     Westmoreland
     Whitfield
     Wicker
     Wilson (NM)
     Wilson (SC)
     Wolf
     Young (AK)
     Young (FL)

                               NOES--217

     Abercrombie
     Ackerman
     Allen
     Andrews
     Arcuri
     Baca
     Baird
     Baldwin
     Bean
     Becerra
     Berkley
     Berman
     Berry
     Bishop (GA)
     Bishop (NY)
     Blumenauer
     Boswell
     Boucher
     Boyd (FL)
     Boyda (KS)
     Brady (PA)
     Braley (IA)
     Butterfield
     Capps
     Capuano
     Cardoza
     Carnahan
     Carney
     Carson
     Castor
     Chandler
     Christensen
     Clarke
     Clay
     Cleaver
     Clyburn
     Cohen
     Conyers
     Cooper
     Costa
     Costello
     Courtney
     Crenshaw
     Crowley
     Cummings
     Davis (AL)
     Davis (CA)
     Davis (IL)
     Davis, Lincoln
     DeFazio
     DeGette
     Delahunt
     DeLauro
     Dicks
     Dingell
     Doggett
     Doyle
     Edwards
     Ellison
     Emanuel
     Engel
     Eshoo
     Etheridge
     Farr
     Fattah
     Filner
     Flake
     Frank (MA)
     Gonzalez
     Goodlatte
     Gordon
     Green, Al
     Green, Gene
     Grijalva
     Gutierrez
     Hall (NY)
     Hare
     Harman
     Hastings (FL)
     Higgins
     Hill
     Hinojosa
     Hirono
     Hodes
     Holden
     Holt
     Honda
     Hooley
     Hoyer
     Inglis (SC)
     Inslee
     Israel
     Jackson (IL)
     Jackson-Lee (TX)
     Jefferson
     Johnson (GA)
     Johnson, E. B.
     Kagen
     Kanjorski
     Kaptur
     Kennedy
     Kildee
     Kilpatrick
     Kind
     Klein (FL)
     LaHood
     Lampson
     Langevin
     Lantos
     Larsen (WA)
     Larson (CT)
     Lee
     Levin
     Lewis (GA)
     Lipinski
     Loebsack
     Lofgren, Zoe
     Lowey
     Lynch
     Mahoney (FL)
     Maloney (NY)
     Markey
     Matheson
     Matsui
     McCarthy (NY)
     McCollum (MN)
     McDermott
     McGovern
     McNerney
     McNulty
     Meek (FL)
     Meeks (NY)
     Melancon
     Michaud
     Miller (NC)
     Miller, Gary
     Miller, George
     Mollohan
     Moore (KS)
     Moore (WI)
     Murphy (CT)
     Murphy, Patrick
     Murtha
     Nadler
     Napolitano
     Neal (MA)
     Norton
     Oberstar
     Obey
     Olver
     Ortiz
     Pallone
     Pascrell
     Pastor
     Payne
     Perlmutter
     Pomeroy
     Price (NC)
     Rahall
     Rangel
     Reichert
     Reyes
     Rodriguez
     Rohrabacher
     Ross
     Rothman
     Roybal-Allard
     Ruppersberger
     Rush
     Ryan (OH)
     Salazar
     Sanchez, Linda T.
     Sanchez, Loretta
     Sarbanes
     Schakowsky
     Schiff
     Schwartz
     Scott (GA)
     Scott (VA)
     Serrano
     Sestak
     Shea-Porter
     Sherman
     Sires
     Skelton
     Smith (WA)
     Snyder
     Solis
     Space
     Stark
     Sutton
     Tanner
     Tauscher
     Thompson (CA)
     Thompson (MS)
     Tierney
     Towns
     Udall (CO)
     Udall (NM)
     Van Hollen
     Velazquez
     Visclosky
     Walz (MN)
     Wasserman Schultz
     Waters
     Watson
     Watt
     Waxman
     Weiner
     Welch (VT)
     Weldon (FL)
     Wexler
     Wilson (OH)
     Woolsey
     Wu
     Wynn
     Yarmuth

                             NOT VOTING--12

     Bordallo
     Brown, Corrine
     Cramer
     Davis, Jo Ann
     Faleomavaega
     Hinchey
     Jones (OH)
     Kucinich
     McMorris Rodgers
     Slaughter
     Souder
     Tancredo


                  Announcement by the Acting Chairman

  The Acting CHAIRMAN (during the vote). Members are advised that they 
have 1 minute remaining to vote.

                              {time}  1558

  So the amendment was rejected.
  The result of the vote was announced as above recorded.


                          PERSONAL EXPLANATION

  Ms. SLAUGHTER. Mr. Chairman, on rollcall Nos. 647 and 648, I was 
absent meeting with the military on Niagara Air Base. Had I been 
present, I would have voted ``no.''


                Amendment Offered by Mr. Barton of Texas

  The Acting CHAIRMAN. The unfinished business is the demand for a 
recorded vote on the amendment offered by the gentleman from Texas (Mr. 
Barton) on which further proceedings were postponed and on which the 
noes prevailed by voice vote.
  The Clerk will redesignate the amendment.
  The text of the amendment is as follows:

       Amendment offered by Mr. Barton of Texas:
       Page 36, beginning at line 5, strike ``Provided further, 
     That within'' and all that follows through the end of the 
     proviso.


                             Recorded Vote

  The Acting CHAIRMAN. A recorded vote has been demanded.
  A recorded vote was ordered.
  The Acting CHAIRMAN. This will be a 2-minute vote.
  The vote was taken by electronic device, and there were--ayes 196, 
noes 230, not voting 10, as follows:

                             [Roll No. 649]

                               AYES--196

     Aderholt
     Akin
     Alexander
     Bachmann
     Bachus
     Baker
     Barrett (SC)
     Bartlett (MD)
     Barton (TX)
     Biggert
     Bilbray
     Bilirakis
     Bishop (UT)
     Blackburn
     Blunt
     Boehner
     Bonner
     Bono
     Boozman
     Boustany
     Brady (TX)
     Brown (SC)
     Brown-Waite, Ginny
     Buchanan
     Burgess
     Burton (IN)
     Calvert
     Camp (MI)
     Campbell (CA)
     Cannon
     Cantor
     Capito
     Carter
     Castle
     Chabot
     Coble
     Cole (OK)
     Conaway
     Crenshaw
     Cubin
     Culberson
     Davis (KY)
     Davis, David
     Davis, Tom
     Deal (GA)
     Dent
     Diaz-Balart, L.
     Diaz-Balart, M.
     Doolittle
     Drake
     Dreier
     Duncan
     Edwards
     Ehlers
     Emerson
     English (PA)
     Everett
     Fallin
     Feeney
     Flake
     Forbes
     Fortenberry
     Foxx
     Franks (AZ)
     Gallegly
     Garrett (NJ)
     Gerlach
     Gilchrest
     Gillmor
     Gingrey
     Gohmert
     Gonzalez
     Goode
     Goodlatte
     Gordon
     Granger
     Graves
     Green, Gene
     Hall (TX)
     Hastert
     Hastings (WA)
     Hayes
     Heller
     Hensarling
     Herger
     Herseth Sandlin
     Hobson
     Hoekstra
     Hulshof
     Hunter
     Inglis (SC)
     Issa
     Jackson-Lee (TX)
     Jindal
     Johnson (IL)
     Johnson, Sam
     Jones (NC)
     Jordan
     Keller
     King (IA)
     Kingston
     Kline (MN)
     Knollenberg
     Kuhl (NY)
     LaHood
     Lamborn
     Latham
     LaTourette
     Lewis (CA)
     Lewis (KY)
     Linder
     Lucas
     Lungren, Daniel E.
     Mack
     Manzullo
     Marchant
     McCarthy (CA)
     McCaul (TX)
     McCotter
     McCrery
     McHenry
     McHugh
     McIntyre
     McKeon
     McMorris Rodgers
     Mica
     Miller (FL)
     Miller (MI)
     Miller, Gary
     Moran (KS)
     Murphy, Tim
     Musgrave
     Myrick
     Neugebauer
     Nunes
     Paul
     Pearce
     Pence
     Peterson (PA)
     Petri
     Pickering
     Pitts
     Platts
     Poe
     Porter
     Price (GA)
     Pryce (OH)
     Putnam
     Ramstad
     Regula
     Rehberg
     Reichert
     Renzi
     Reynolds
     Rogers (AL)
     Rogers (KY)
     Rogers (MI)
     Rohrabacher
     Roskam
     Royce
     Ryan (WI)
     Sali
     Schmidt
     Sensenbrenner
     Sessions
     Shadegg
     Shimkus
     Shuster
     Simpson
     Skelton
     Smith (NE)
     Smith (TX)
     Space
     Stearns
     Sullivan
     Taylor
     Terry
     Thornberry
     Tiahrt
     Tiberi
     Turner
     Upton
     Walberg
     Walden (OR)
     Walsh (NY)
     Wamp
     Weldon (FL)
     Weller
     Westmoreland
     Whitfield
     Wicker
     Wilson (NM)
     Wilson (SC)
     Wolf
     Young (AK)
     Young (FL)

                               NOES--230

     Abercrombie
     Ackerman
     Allen
     Altmire
     Andrews
     Arcuri
     Baca
     Baird
     Baldwin
     Barrow
     Bean
     Becerra
     Berkley
     Berman
     Berry
     Bishop (GA)
     Bishop (NY)
     Blumenauer
     Boren
     Boswell
     Boucher
     Boyd (FL)
     Boyda (KS)
     Brady (PA)
     Braley (IA)
     Butterfield
     Capps
     Capuano
     Cardoza
     Carnahan
     Carney
     Carson
     Castor
     Chandler
     Christensen
     Clarke
     Clay
     Cleaver
     Clyburn
     Cohen
     Cooper
     Costa
     Costello
     Courtney
     Crowley
     Cuellar
     Cummings
     Davis (AL)
     Davis (CA)
     Davis (IL)
     Davis, Lincoln
     DeFazio
     DeGette
     Delahunt
     DeLauro
     Dicks
     Dingell
     Doggett
     Donnelly
     Doyle
     Ellison
     Ellsworth
     Emanuel
     Engel
     Eshoo
     Etheridge
     Farr
     Fattah
     Ferguson
     Filner
     Fortuno
     Fossella
     Frank (MA)
     Frelinghuysen
     Giffords
     Gillibrand
     Green, Al
     Grijalva
     Gutierrez
     Hall (NY)
     Hare
     Harman
     Hastings (FL)
     Higgins
     Hill
     Hinchey
     Hinojosa
     Hirono
     Hodes
     Holden
     Holt
     Honda
     Hooley
     Hoyer
     Inslee
     Israel
     Jackson (IL)
     Jefferson
     Johnson (GA)
     Johnson, E. B.
     Jones (OH)
     Kagen
     Kanjorski
     Kaptur
     Kennedy
     Kildee
     Kilpatrick
     Kind
     King (NY)
     Kirk
     Klein (FL)
     Lampson
     Langevin
     Lantos
     Larsen (WA)
     Larson (CT)
     Lee
     Levin
     Lewis (GA)
     Lipinski
     LoBiondo
     Loebsack
     Lofgren, Zoe
     Lowey
     Lynch
     Mahoney (FL)
     Maloney (NY)
     Markey
     Marshall
     Matheson
     Matsui
     McCarthy (NY)
     McCollum (MN)
     McDermott
     McGovern
     McNerney
     McNulty
     Meek (FL)
     Meeks (NY)
     Melancon
     Michaud
     Miller (NC)
     Miller, George
     Mitchell
     Mollohan
     Moore (KS)
     Moore (WI)
     Moran (VA)
     Murphy (CT)
     Murphy, Patrick
     Murtha
     Nadler
     Napolitano
     Neal (MA)
     Norton
     Oberstar
     Obey
     Olver
     Ortiz
     Pallone
     Pascrell
     Pastor
     Payne
     Perlmutter
     Peterson (MN)
     Pomeroy
     Price (NC)
     Radanovich
     Rahall
     Rangel
     Reyes
     Rodriguez
     Ros-Lehtinen
     Ross
     Rothman
     Roybal-Allard
     Ruppersberger
     Rush
     Ryan (OH)
     Salazar
     Sanchez, Linda T.
     Sanchez, Loretta
     Sarbanes
     Saxton
     Schakowsky
     Schiff
     Schwartz
     Scott (GA)
     Scott (VA)
     Serrano
     Sestak
     Shays
     Shea-Porter
     Sherman
     Shuler
     Sires
     Slaughter
     Smith (NJ)
     Smith (WA)
     Snyder
     Solis
     Spratt
     Stark
     Stupak
     Sutton
     Tanner
     Tauscher
     Thompson (CA)
     Thompson (MS)
     Tierney
     Towns
     Udall (CO)
     Udall (NM)
     Van Hollen
     Velazquez
     Visclosky
     Walz (MN)
     Wasserman Schultz
     Waters
     Watson
     Watt
     Waxman
     Weiner
     Welch (VT)
     Wexler
     Wilson (OH)
     Woolsey
     Wu
     Wynn
     Yarmuth

[[Page H8040]]



                             NOT VOTING--10

     Bordallo
     Brown, Corrine
     Buyer
     Conyers
     Cramer
     Davis, Jo Ann
     Faleomavaega
     Kucinich
     Souder
     Tancredo


                  Announcement by the Acting Chairman

  The Acting CHAIRMAN (during the vote). Members are advised that there 
is 1 minute remaining in this vote.

                              {time}  1603

  So the amendment was rejected.
  The result of the vote was announced as above recorded.


                    Amendment Offered by Mr. Graves

  The Acting CHAIRMAN. The unfinished business is the demand for a 
recorded vote on the amendment offered by the gentleman from Missouri 
(Mr. Graves) on which further proceedings were postponed and on which 
the noes prevailed by voice vote.
  The Clerk will redesignate the amendment.
  The Clerk redesignated the amendment.


                             Recorded Vote

  The Acting CHAIRMAN. A recorded vote has been demanded.
  A recorded vote was ordered.
  The Acting CHAIRMAN. This will be a 2-minute vote.
  The vote was taken by electronic device, and there were--ayes 203, 
noes 224, not voting 9, as follows:

                             [Roll No. 650]

                               AYES--203

     Aderholt
     Akin
     Alexander
     Altmire
     Bachmann
     Bachus
     Baker
     Barrett (SC)
     Barrow
     Bartlett (MD)
     Barton (TX)
     Biggert
     Bilirakis
     Bishop (UT)
     Blackburn
     Blunt
     Boehner
     Bonner
     Boozman
     Boren
     Boustany
     Brady (TX)
     Brown (SC)
     Brown-Waite, Ginny
     Buchanan
     Burgess
     Burton (IN)
     Buyer
     Calvert
     Camp (MI)
     Campbell (CA)
     Cannon
     Cantor
     Capito
     Carter
     Chabot
     Coble
     Cole (OK)
     Conaway
     Crenshaw
     Cubin
     Cuellar
     Culberson
     Davis (KY)
     Davis, David
     Davis, Tom
     Deal (GA)
     Dent
     Diaz-Balart, L.
     Diaz-Balart, M.
     Donnelly
     Doolittle
     Drake
     Dreier
     Duncan
     Ehlers
     Ellsworth
     Emerson
     English (PA)
     Everett
     Fallin
     Feeney
     Ferguson
     Flake
     Forbes
     Fortenberry
     Fortuno
     Fossella
     Foxx
     Franks (AZ)
     Frelinghuysen
     Gallegly
     Garrett (NJ)
     Gerlach
     Giffords
     Gillibrand
     Gillmor
     Gingrey
     Gohmert
     Goode
     Goodlatte
     Granger
     Graves
     Hall (TX)
     Hastert
     Hastings (WA)
     Hayes
     Heller
     Hensarling
     Herger
     Herseth Sandlin
     Hill
     Hobson
     Hoekstra
     Hulshof
     Hunter
     Issa
     Jindal
     Johnson (IL)
     Johnson, Sam
     Jones (NC)
     Jordan
     Keller
     King (IA)
     King (NY)
     Kingston
     Kirk
     Kline (MN)
     Knollenberg
     Kuhl (NY)
     Lamborn
     Latham
     LaTourette
     Lewis (KY)
     Linder
     LoBiondo
     Lucas
     Lungren, Daniel E.
     Mack
     Manzullo
     Marchant
     Marshall
     McCarthy (CA)
     McCrery
     McHenry
     McHugh
     McKeon
     McMorris Rodgers
     Mica
     Miller (FL)
     Miller (MI)
     Miller, Gary
     Moran (KS)
     Murphy, Patrick
     Murphy, Tim
     Musgrave
     Myrick
     Neugebauer
     Nunes
     Paul
     Pearce
     Pence
     Peterson (MN)
     Peterson (PA)
     Petri
     Pickering
     Pitts
     Platts
     Poe
     Porter
     Price (GA)
     Pryce (OH)
     Putnam
     Radanovich
     Ramstad
     Regula
     Rehberg
     Reichert
     Renzi
     Reynolds
     Rogers (AL)
     Rogers (KY)
     Rogers (MI)
     Rohrabacher
     Roskam
     Royce
     Ryan (WI)
     Sali
     Saxton
     Schmidt
     Sensenbrenner
     Sessions
     Shadegg
     Shuler
     Shuster
     Simpson
     Smith (NE)
     Smith (NJ)
     Smith (TX)
     Space
     Stearns
     Sullivan
     Tanner
     Taylor
     Terry
     Thornberry
     Tiahrt
     Tiberi
     Turner
     Upton
     Walberg
     Walden (OR)
     Walsh (NY)
     Wamp
     Weldon (FL)
     Weller
     Westmoreland
     Whitfield
     Wicker
     Wilson (NM)
     Wilson (SC)
     Young (AK)
     Young (FL)

                               NOES--224

     Abercrombie
     Ackerman
     Allen
     Andrews
     Arcuri
     Baca
     Baird
     Baldwin
     Bean
     Becerra
     Berkley
     Berman
     Berry
     Bilbray
     Bishop (GA)
     Bishop (NY)
     Blumenauer
     Bono
     Boswell
     Boucher
     Boyd (FL)
     Boyda (KS)
     Brady (PA)
     Braley (IA)
     Butterfield
     Capps
     Capuano
     Cardoza
     Carnahan
     Carney
     Carson
     Castle
     Castor
     Chandler
     Christensen
     Clarke
     Clay
     Cleaver
     Clyburn
     Cohen
     Conyers
     Cooper
     Costa
     Costello
     Courtney
     Crowley
     Cummings
     Davis (AL)
     Davis (CA)
     Davis (IL)
     Davis, Lincoln
     DeFazio
     DeGette
     Delahunt
     DeLauro
     Dicks
     Dingell
     Doggett
     Doyle
     Edwards
     Ellison
     Emanuel
     Engel
     Eshoo
     Etheridge
     Farr
     Fattah
     Filner
     Frank (MA)
     Gilchrest
     Gonzalez
     Gordon
     Green, Al
     Green, Gene
     Grijalva
     Gutierrez
     Hall (NY)
     Hare
     Harman
     Hastings (FL)
     Higgins
     Hinchey
     Hinojosa
     Hirono
     Hodes
     Holden
     Honda
     Hooley
     Hoyer
     Inglis (SC)
     Inslee
     Israel
     Jackson (IL)
     Jackson-Lee (TX)
     Jefferson
     Johnson (GA)
     Johnson, E. B.
     Jones (OH)
     Kagen
     Kanjorski
     Kaptur
     Kennedy
     Kildee
     Kilpatrick
     Kind
     Klein (FL)
     LaHood
     Lampson
     Langevin
     Lantos
     Larsen (WA)
     Larson (CT)
     Lee
     Levin
     Lewis (CA)
     Lewis (GA)
     Lipinski
     Loebsack
     Lofgren, Zoe
     Lowey
     Lynch
     Mahoney (FL)
     Maloney (NY)
     Markey
     Matheson
     Matsui
     McCarthy (NY)
     McCaul (TX)
     McCollum (MN)
     McCotter
     McDermott
     McGovern
     McIntyre
     McNerney
     McNulty
     Meek (FL)
     Meeks (NY)
     Melancon
     Michaud
     Miller (NC)
     Miller, George
     Mitchell
     Mollohan
     Moore (KS)
     Moore (WI)
     Moran (VA)
     Murphy (CT)
     Murtha
     Nadler
     Napolitano
     Neal (MA)
     Norton
     Oberstar
     Obey
     Olver
     Ortiz
     Pallone
     Pascrell
     Pastor
     Payne
     Perlmutter
     Pomeroy
     Price (NC)
     Rahall
     Rangel
     Reyes
     Rodriguez
     Ros-Lehtinen
     Ross
     Rothman
     Roybal-Allard
     Ruppersberger
     Rush
     Ryan (OH)
     Salazar
     Sanchez, Linda T.
     Sanchez, Loretta
     Sarbanes
     Schakowsky
     Schiff
     Schwartz
     Scott (GA)
     Scott (VA)
     Serrano
     Sestak
     Shays
     Shea-Porter
     Sherman
     Shimkus
     Sires
     Skelton
     Slaughter
     Smith (WA)
     Snyder
     Solis
     Spratt
     Stark
     Stupak
     Sutton
     Tauscher
     Thompson (CA)
     Thompson (MS)
     Tierney
     Towns
     Udall (CO)
     Udall (NM)
     Van Hollen
     Velazquez
     Visclosky
     Walz (MN)
     Wasserman Schultz
     Waters
     Watson
     Watt
     Waxman
     Weiner
     Welch (VT)
     Wexler
     Wilson (OH)
     Wolf
     Woolsey
     Wu
     Wynn
     Yarmuth

                             NOT VOTING--9

     Bordallo
     Brown, Corrine
     Cramer
     Davis, Jo Ann
     Faleomavaega
     Holt
     Kucinich
     Souder
     Tancredo


                  Announcement by the Acting Chairman

  The Acting CHAIRMAN (during the vote). Members are advised that there 
is 1 minute remaining in this vote.

                              {time}  1607

  So the amendment was rejected.
  The result of the vote was announced as above recorded.


               Amendment No. 41 Offered by Mr. Hensarling

  The Acting CHAIRMAN. The unfinished business is the demand for a 
recorded vote on the amendment offered by the gentleman from Texas (Mr. 
Hensarling) on which further proceedings were postponed and on which 
the noes prevailed by voice vote.
  The Clerk will redesignate the amendment.
  The Clerk redesignated the amendment.


                             Recorded Vote

  The Acting CHAIRMAN. A recorded vote has been demanded.
  A recorded vote was ordered.
  The Acting CHAIRMAN. This will be a 2-minute vote.
  The vote was taken by electronic device, and there were--ayes 58, 
noes 370, not voting 8, as follows:

                             [Roll No. 651]

                                AYES--58

     Akin
     Bachmann
     Bachus
     Barrett (SC)
     Biggert
     Bilbray
     Blackburn
     Boehner
     Burton (IN)
     Campbell (CA)
     Cantor
     Chabot
     Culberson
     Deal (GA)
     Duncan
     Feeney
     Flake
     Fossella
     Foxx
     Franks (AZ)
     Gallegly
     Garrett (NJ)
     Hensarling
     Hoekstra
     Inglis (SC)
     Johnson, Sam
     Jordan
     Keller
     Lamborn
     Mack
     Marchant
     McCaul (TX)
     McHenry
     McKeon
     Mica
     Miller (FL)
     Miller, Gary
     Musgrave
     Myrick
     Paul
     Pence
     Petri
     Pitts
     Poe
     Price (GA)
     Radanovich
     Rohrabacher
     Roskam
     Royce
     Ryan (WI)
     Sali
     Sensenbrenner
     Sessions
     Shadegg
     Sullivan
     Weldon (FL)
     Westmoreland
     Wilson (SC)

                               NOES--370

     Abercrombie
     Ackerman
     Aderholt
     Alexander
     Allen
     Altmire
     Andrews
     Arcuri
     Baca
     Baird
     Baker
     Baldwin
     Barrow
     Bartlett (MD)
     Barton (TX)
     Bean
     Becerra
     Berkley
     Berman
     Berry
     Bilirakis
     Bishop (GA)
     Bishop (NY)
     Bishop (UT)
     Blumenauer
     Blunt
     Bonner
     Bono
     Boozman
     Boren
     Boswell
     Boucher
     Boustany
     Boyd (FL)
     Boyda (KS)
     Brady (PA)
     Brady (TX)
     Braley (IA)
     Brown (SC)
     Brown-Waite, Ginny
     Buchanan
     Burgess
     Butterfield
     Buyer
     Calvert
     Camp (MI)
     Cannon
     Capito
     Capps
     Capuano
     Cardoza
     Carnahan
     Carney
     Carson
     Carter
     Castle
     Castor
     Chandler
     Christensen
     Clarke
     Clay
     Cleaver
     Clyburn
     Coble
     Cohen
     Cole (OK)
     Conaway
     Conyers
     Cooper
     Costa
     Costello
     Courtney
     Crenshaw
     Crowley
     Cubin
     Cuellar
     Cummings
     Davis (AL)
     Davis (CA)
     Davis (IL)
     Davis (KY)
     Davis, David
     Davis, Lincoln
     Davis, Tom
     DeFazio
     DeGette

[[Page H8041]]


     Delahunt
     DeLauro
     Dent
     Diaz-Balart, L.
     Diaz-Balart, M.
     Dicks
     Dingell
     Doggett
     Donnelly
     Doolittle
     Doyle
     Drake
     Dreier
     Edwards
     Ehlers
     Ellison
     Ellsworth
     Emanuel
     Emerson
     Engel
     English (PA)
     Eshoo
     Etheridge
     Everett
     Fallin
     Farr
     Fattah
     Ferguson
     Filner
     Forbes
     Fortenberry
     Fortuno
     Frank (MA)
     Frelinghuysen
     Gerlach
     Giffords
     Gilchrest
     Gillibrand
     Gillmor
     Gingrey
     Gohmert
     Gonzalez
     Goode
     Goodlatte
     Gordon
     Granger
     Graves
     Green, Al
     Green, Gene
     Grijalva
     Gutierrez
     Hall (NY)
     Hall (TX)
     Hare
     Harman
     Hastert
     Hastings (FL)
     Hastings (WA)
     Hayes
     Heller
     Herger
     Herseth Sandlin
     Higgins
     Hill
     Hinchey
     Hinojosa
     Hirono
     Hobson
     Hodes
     Holden
     Holt
     Honda
     Hooley
     Hoyer
     Hulshof
     Hunter
     Inslee
     Israel
     Issa
     Jackson (IL)
     Jackson-Lee (TX)
     Jefferson
     Jindal
     Johnson (GA)
     Johnson (IL)
     Johnson, E. B.
     Jones (NC)
     Jones (OH)
     Kagen
     Kanjorski
     Kaptur
     Kennedy
     Kildee
     Kilpatrick
     Kind
     King (IA)
     King (NY)
     Kingston
     Kirk
     Klein (FL)
     Kline (MN)
     Knollenberg
     Kuhl (NY)
     LaHood
     Lampson
     Langevin
     Lantos
     Larsen (WA)
     Larson (CT)
     Latham
     LaTourette
     Lee
     Levin
     Lewis (CA)
     Lewis (GA)
     Lewis (KY)
     Linder
     Lipinski
     LoBiondo
     Loebsack
     Lofgren, Zoe
     Lowey
     Lucas
     Lungren, Daniel E.
     Lynch
     Mahoney (FL)
     Maloney (NY)
     Manzullo
     Markey
     Marshall
     Matheson
     Matsui
     McCarthy (CA)
     McCarthy (NY)
     McCollum (MN)
     McCotter
     McCrery
     McDermott
     McGovern
     McHugh
     McIntyre
     McMorris Rodgers
     McNerney
     McNulty
     Meek (FL)
     Meeks (NY)
     Melancon
     Michaud
     Miller (MI)
     Miller (NC)
     Miller, George
     Mitchell
     Mollohan
     Moore (KS)
     Moore (WI)
     Moran (KS)
     Moran (VA)
     Murphy (CT)
     Murphy, Patrick
     Murphy, Tim
     Murtha
     Nadler
     Napolitano
     Neal (MA)
     Neugebauer
     Norton
     Nunes
     Oberstar
     Obey
     Olver
     Ortiz
     Pallone
     Pascrell
     Pastor
     Payne
     Pearce
     Perlmutter
     Peterson (MN)
     Peterson (PA)
     Pickering
     Platts
     Pomeroy
     Porter
     Price (NC)
     Pryce (OH)
     Putnam
     Rahall
     Ramstad
     Rangel
     Regula
     Rehberg
     Reichert
     Renzi
     Reyes
     Reynolds
     Rodriguez
     Rogers (AL)
     Rogers (KY)
     Rogers (MI)
     Ros-Lehtinen
     Ross
     Rothman
     Roybal-Allard
     Ruppersberger
     Rush
     Ryan (OH)
     Salazar
     Sanchez, Linda T.
     Sanchez, Loretta
     Sarbanes
     Saxton
     Schakowsky
     Schiff
     Schmidt
     Schwartz
     Scott (GA)
     Scott (VA)
     Serrano
     Sestak
     Shays
     Shea-Porter
     Sherman
     Shimkus
     Shuler
     Shuster
     Simpson
     Sires
     Skelton
     Slaughter
     Smith (NE)
     Smith (NJ)
     Smith (TX)
     Smith (WA)
     Snyder
     Solis
     Space
     Spratt
     Stark
     Stearns
     Stupak
     Sutton
     Tanner
     Tauscher
     Taylor
     Terry
     Thompson (CA)
     Thompson (MS)
     Thornberry
     Tiahrt
     Tiberi
     Tierney
     Towns
     Turner
     Udall (CO)
     Udall (NM)
     Upton
     Van Hollen
     Velazquez
     Visclosky
     Walberg
     Walden (OR)
     Walsh (NY)
     Walz (MN)
     Wamp
     Wasserman Schultz
     Waters
     Watson
     Watt
     Waxman
     Weiner
     Welch (VT)
     Weller
     Wexler
     Whitfield
     Wicker
     Wilson (NM)
     Wilson (OH)
     Wolf
     Woolsey
     Wu
     Wynn
     Yarmuth
     Young (AK)
     Young (FL)

                             NOT VOTING--8

     Bordallo
     Brown, Corrine
     Cramer
     Davis, Jo Ann
     Faleomavaega
     Kucinich
     Souder
     Tancredo


                  Announcement by the Acting Chairman

  The Acting CHAIRMAN (during the vote). Members are advised that there 
is 1 minute remaining in this vote.

                              {time}  1611

  Mr. GINGREY changed his vote from ``aye'' to ``no.''
  Mr. BURTON of Indiana changed his vote from ``no'' to ``aye.''
  So the amendment was rejected.
  The result of the vote was announced as above recorded.


               Amendment No. 42 Offered by Mr. Hensarling

  The Acting CHAIRMAN. The unfinished business is the demand for a 
recorded vote on the amendment offered by the gentleman from Texas (Mr. 
Hensarling) on which further proceedings were postponed and on which 
the noes prevailed by voice vote.
  The Clerk will redesignate the amendment.
  The Clerk redesignated the amendment.


                             Recorded Vote

  The Acting CHAIRMAN. A recorded vote has been demanded.
  A recorded vote was ordered.
  The Acting CHAIRMAN. This will be a 2-minute vote.
  The vote was taken by electronic device, and there were--ayes 80, 
noes 347, not voting 9, as follows:

                             [Roll No. 652]

                                AYES--80

     Akin
     Bachmann
     Bachus
     Barrett (SC)
     Blackburn
     Boehner
     Brady (TX)
     Brown-Waite, Ginny
     Burton (IN)
     Campbell (CA)
     Cannon
     Cantor
     Carter
     Chabot
     Coble
     Cubin
     Culberson
     Davis (KY)
     Davis, David
     Deal (GA)
     Drake
     Dreier
     Duncan
     Feeney
     Flake
     Forbes
     Fossella
     Foxx
     Franks (AZ)
     Gallegly
     Garrett (NJ)
     Gingrey
     Gohmert
     Goode
     Goodlatte
     Granger
     Hensarling
     Hoekstra
     Inglis (SC)
     Issa
     Johnson, Sam
     Jordan
     Keller
     King (IA)
     Kingston
     Kline (MN)
     Lamborn
     Lungren, Daniel E.
     Mack
     Manzullo
     Marchant
     McHenry
     McKeon
     Miller (FL)
     Miller, Gary
     Musgrave
     Myrick
     Neugebauer
     Paul
     Pence
     Petri
     Pitts
     Poe
     Price (GA)
     Rohrabacher
     Roskam
     Royce
     Ryan (WI)
     Sali
     Schmidt
     Sensenbrenner
     Sessions
     Shadegg
     Smith (NE)
     Sullivan
     Thornberry
     Walberg
     Weldon (FL)
     Westmoreland
     Wilson (SC)

                               NOES--347

     Abercrombie
     Ackerman
     Aderholt
     Alexander
     Allen
     Altmire
     Andrews
     Arcuri
     Baca
     Baird
     Baker
     Baldwin
     Barrow
     Bartlett (MD)
     Barton (TX)
     Bean
     Becerra
     Berkley
     Berman
     Berry
     Biggert
     Bilirakis
     Bishop (GA)
     Bishop (NY)
     Bishop (UT)
     Blumenauer
     Blunt
     Bonner
     Bono
     Boozman
     Boren
     Boswell
     Boucher
     Boustany
     Boyd (FL)
     Boyda (KS)
     Brady (PA)
     Braley (IA)
     Brown (SC)
     Buchanan
     Burgess
     Butterfield
     Buyer
     Calvert
     Camp (MI)
     Capito
     Capps
     Capuano
     Cardoza
     Carnahan
     Carney
     Carson
     Castle
     Castor
     Chandler
     Christensen
     Clarke
     Clay
     Cleaver
     Clyburn
     Cohen
     Cole (OK)
     Conaway
     Conyers
     Cooper
     Costa
     Costello
     Courtney
     Crenshaw
     Crowley
     Cuellar
     Cummings
     Davis (AL)
     Davis (CA)
     Davis (IL)
     Davis, Lincoln
     Davis, Tom
     DeFazio
     DeGette
     Delahunt
     DeLauro
     Dent
     Diaz-Balart, L.
     Diaz-Balart, M.
     Dicks
     Dingell
     Doggett
     Donnelly
     Doolittle
     Doyle
     Edwards
     Ehlers
     Ellison
     Ellsworth
     Emanuel
     Emerson
     Engel
     English (PA)
     Eshoo
     Etheridge
     Everett
     Fallin
     Farr
     Fattah
     Ferguson
     Filner
     Fortenberry
     Fortuno
     Frank (MA)
     Frelinghuysen
     Gerlach
     Giffords
     Gilchrest
     Gillibrand
     Gillmor
     Gonzalez
     Gordon
     Graves
     Green, Al
     Green, Gene
     Grijalva
     Gutierrez
     Hall (NY)
     Hall (TX)
     Hare
     Harman
     Hastert
     Hastings (FL)
     Hastings (WA)
     Hayes
     Heller
     Herger
     Herseth Sandlin
     Higgins
     Hill
     Hinchey
     Hinojosa
     Hirono
     Hobson
     Hodes
     Holden
     Holt
     Honda
     Hooley
     Hoyer
     Hulshof
     Hunter
     Inslee
     Israel
     Jackson (IL)
     Jackson-Lee (TX)
     Jefferson
     Jindal
     Johnson (GA)
     Johnson (IL)
     Johnson, E. B.
     Jones (NC)
     Jones (OH)
     Kagen
     Kanjorski
     Kaptur
     Kennedy
     Kildee
     Kilpatrick
     Kind
     King (NY)
     Kirk
     Klein (FL)
     Knollenberg
     Kuhl (NY)
     LaHood
     Lampson
     Langevin
     Lantos
     Larsen (WA)
     Larson (CT)
     Latham
     LaTourette
     Lee
     Levin
     Lewis (CA)
     Lewis (GA)
     Lewis (KY)
     Linder
     Lipinski
     LoBiondo
     Loebsack
     Lofgren, Zoe
     Lowey
     Lucas
     Lynch
     Mahoney (FL)
     Maloney (NY)
     Markey
     Marshall
     Matheson
     Matsui
     McCarthy (CA)
     McCarthy (NY)
     McCaul (TX)
     McCollum (MN)
     McCotter
     McCrery
     McDermott
     McGovern
     McHugh
     McIntyre
     McMorris Rodgers
     McNerney
     McNulty
     Meek (FL)
     Meeks (NY)
     Melancon
     Mica
     Michaud
     Miller (MI)
     Miller (NC)
     Miller, George
     Mitchell
     Mollohan
     Moore (KS)
     Moore (WI)
     Moran (KS)
     Moran (VA)
     Murphy (CT)
     Murphy, Patrick
     Murphy, Tim
     Murtha
     Nadler
     Napolitano
     Neal (MA)
     Norton
     Nunes
     Oberstar
     Obey
     Olver
     Ortiz
     Pallone
     Pascrell
     Pastor
     Payne
     Pearce
     Perlmutter
     Peterson (MN)
     Peterson (PA)
     Pickering
     Platts
     Pomeroy
     Porter
     Price (NC)
     Pryce (OH)
     Putnam
     Radanovich
     Rahall
     Ramstad
     Rangel
     Regula
     Rehberg
     Reichert
     Renzi
     Reyes
     Reynolds
     Rodriguez
     Rogers (AL)
     Rogers (KY)
     Rogers (MI)
     Ros-Lehtinen
     Ross
     Rothman
     Roybal-Allard
     Ruppersberger
     Rush
     Ryan (OH)
     Salazar
     Sanchez, Linda T.
     Sanchez, Loretta
     Sarbanes
     Saxton
     Schakowsky
     Schiff
     Schwartz
     Scott (GA)
     Scott (VA)
     Serrano
     Sestak
     Shays
     Shea-Porter
     Sherman
     Shimkus
     Shuler
     Shuster
     Simpson
     Sires
     Skelton
     Slaughter
     Smith (NJ)
     Smith (TX)
     Smith (WA)
     Snyder
     Solis
     Space
     Spratt
     Stark
     Stearns
     Stupak
     Sutton
     Tanner
     Tauscher
     Taylor
     Terry
     Thompson (CA)
     Thompson (MS)
     Tiahrt
     Tiberi
     Tierney
     Towns
     Turner
     Udall (CO)
     Udall (NM)
     Upton
     Van Hollen
     Velazquez
     Visclosky
     Walden (OR)
     Walsh (NY)
     Walz (MN)
     Wamp
     Wasserman Schultz
     Waters
     Watson
     Watt
     Waxman
     Weiner
     Welch (VT)
     Weller
     Wexler
     Whitfield
     Wicker

[[Page H8042]]


     Wilson (NM)
     Wilson (OH)
     Wolf
     Woolsey
     Wu
     Wynn
     Yarmuth
     Young (AK)
     Young (FL)

                             NOT VOTING--9

     Bilbray
     Bordallo
     Brown, Corrine
     Cramer
     Davis, Jo Ann
     Faleomavaega
     Kucinich
     Souder
     Tancredo

                              {time}  1617

  So the amendment was rejected.
  The result of the vote was announced as above recorded.
  (By unanimous consent, Ms. Pelosi was allowed to speak out of order.)


      Extending Sympathy to Brazil in Wake of Plane Crash Tragedy

  Ms. PELOSI. Mr. Chairman, last evening the airport at Sao Paolo, 
Brazil was a scene of a terrible tragedy that took the lives of as many 
as 200 people. Among those lost was a member of the Chamber of 
Deputies, Representative Julio Redecker, the Brazilian House minority 
leader.
  As fate would have it, many of us here today were scheduled to have a 
meeting with him and the President of the Chamber of Deputies here in 
the Capitol. Of course, the tragedy in Brazil and the loss of 
Representative Redecker changed those plans, very sadly.
  Moments ago I spoke with the Brazilian President of the Chamber of 
Deputies, Arlindo Chinaglia; and Brazil's Ambassador to the United 
States, Antonio Patriota. I conveyed to them the deepest sympathy of 
the Members of the House of Representatives to the people of Brazil, to 
the family of Representative Redecker. They were, I think, very 
comforted by the fact that I told them that later today, now, we would 
have a moment of silence and extend our sympathy to the people of 
Brazil for the terrible loss of 200 people and, of course, the special 
sympathy to our friend in the Chamber of Deputies and to the family of 
Representative Redecker for the loss of the minority leader of that 
important chamber.
  I now ask that the House observe a moment of silence in remembrance 
of Julio Redecker and all of those who lost their lives in Brazil 
yesterday evening.
  The Acting CHAIRMAN. Members will rise and the House will observe a 
moment of silence.
  Ms. PELOSI. Mr. Chairman, if I may convey our condolences to his 
widow, Salete Redecker.


                  Announcement by the Acting Chairman

  The Acting CHAIRMAN. Without objection, 2-minute voting will 
continue.
  There was no objection.


               Amendment Offered by Mr. Price of Georgia

  The Acting CHAIRMAN. The unfinished business is the demand for a 
recorded vote on the amendment offered by the gentleman from Georgia 
(Mr. Price) on which further proceedings were postponed and on which 
the ayes prevailed by voice vote.
  The Clerk will redesignate the amendment.
  The Clerk redesignated the amendment.


                             Recorded Vote

  The Acting CHAIRMAN. A recorded vote has been demanded.
  A recorded vote was ordered.
  The Acting CHAIRMAN. This will be a 2-minute vote.
  The vote was taken by electronic device, and there were--ayes 149, 
noes 274, not voting 13, as follows:

                             [Roll No. 653]

                               AYES--149

     Bachmann
     Bachus
     Baker
     Barrett (SC)
     Bartlett (MD)
     Barton (TX)
     Bilbray
     Bilirakis
     Bishop (UT)
     Blackburn
     Boehner
     Bonner
     Bono
     Boozman
     Boustany
     Boyda (KS)
     Brown (SC)
     Brown-Waite, Ginny
     Buchanan
     Burgess
     Burton (IN)
     Buyer
     Calvert
     Camp (MI)
     Campbell (CA)
     Cannon
     Cantor
     Chabot
     Coble
     Conaway
     Crenshaw
     Culberson
     Davis (IL)
     Davis, David
     Deal (GA)
     Diaz-Balart, L.
     Diaz-Balart, M.
     Doolittle
     Drake
     Dreier
     Duncan
     Ehlers
     Emanuel
     Emerson
     Everett
     Fallin
     Feeney
     Flake
     Forbes
     Fortenberry
     Fossella
     Foxx
     Franks (AZ)
     Frelinghuysen
     Gallegly
     Garrett (NJ)
     Gilchrest
     Gingrey
     Gohmert
     Goodlatte
     Hastert
     Hastings (WA)
     Hayes
     Heller
     Hensarling
     Herger
     Hobson
     Hoekstra
     Hulshof
     Hunter
     Inglis (SC)
     Issa
     Jindal
     Johnson, Sam
     Jordan
     Keller
     King (IA)
     King (NY)
     Kingston
     Kline (MN)
     Knollenberg
     Lamborn
     Latham
     Lewis (CA)
     Lewis (KY)
     Linder
     Lungren, Daniel E.
     Mack
     Manzullo
     Marchant
     McCarthy (CA)
     McCaul (TX)
     McCrery
     McHenry
     McKeon
     McMorris Rodgers
     Mica
     Miller (FL)
     Miller, Gary
     Musgrave
     Myrick
     Neugebauer
     Nunes
     Paul
     Pearce
     Pence
     Petri
     Pickering
     Pitts
     Poe
     Price (GA)
     Pryce (OH)
     Putnam
     Radanovich
     Regula
     Reichert
     Reynolds
     Rogers (AL)
     Rogers (KY)
     Rogers (MI)
     Rohrabacher
     Roskam
     Royce
     Ryan (WI)
     Sali
     Schmidt
     Sensenbrenner
     Sessions
     Shadegg
     Shays
     Smith (NE)
     Smith (TX)
     Stearns
     Sullivan
     Terry
     Thornberry
     Tiahrt
     Tiberi
     Turner
     Walberg
     Walsh (NY)
     Wamp
     Weldon (FL)
     Westmoreland
     Wicker
     Wilson (SC)
     Wolf
     Young (AK)
     Young (FL)

                               NOES--274

     Abercrombie
     Ackerman
     Aderholt
     Akin
     Alexander
     Allen
     Altmire
     Andrews
     Arcuri
     Baca
     Baldwin
     Barrow
     Bean
     Becerra
     Berkley
     Berman
     Berry
     Biggert
     Bishop (NY)
     Blumenauer
     Blunt
     Boren
     Boswell
     Boucher
     Boyd (FL)
     Brady (PA)
     Brady (TX)
     Braley (IA)
     Butterfield
     Capito
     Capps
     Capuano
     Cardoza
     Carnahan
     Carney
     Carson
     Carter
     Castle
     Castor
     Chandler
     Christensen
     Clarke
     Clay
     Cleaver
     Clyburn
     Cohen
     Cole (OK)
     Conyers
     Cooper
     Costa
     Costello
     Courtney
     Crowley
     Cubin
     Cuellar
     Cummings
     Davis (AL)
     Davis (CA)
     Davis (KY)
     Davis, Lincoln
     Davis, Tom
     DeFazio
     DeGette
     Delahunt
     DeLauro
     Dent
     Dicks
     Dingell
     Doggett
     Donnelly
     Doyle
     Edwards
     Ellsworth
     Engel
     English (PA)
     Eshoo
     Etheridge
     Farr
     Fattah
     Ferguson
     Filner
     Fortuno
     Frank (MA)
     Gerlach
     Giffords
     Gillibrand
     Gillmor
     Gonzalez
     Goode
     Granger
     Graves
     Green, Al
     Green, Gene
     Grijalva
     Gutierrez
     Hall (NY)
     Hare
     Harman
     Hastings (FL)
     Herseth Sandlin
     Higgins
     Hill
     Hinchey
     Hinojosa
     Hirono
     Hodes
     Holden
     Holt
     Honda
     Hooley
     Hoyer
     Inslee
     Israel
     Jackson (IL)
     Jackson-Lee (TX)
     Jefferson
     Johnson (GA)
     Johnson (IL)
     Johnson, E. B.
     Jones (NC)
     Jones (OH)
     Kagen
     Kanjorski
     Kaptur
     Kennedy
     Kildee
     Kilpatrick
     Kind
     Kirk
     Klein (FL)
     Kuhl (NY)
     LaHood
     Lampson
     Langevin
     Lantos
     Larsen (WA)
     Larson (CT)
     LaTourette
     Lee
     Levin
     Lewis (GA)
     Lipinski
     LoBiondo
     Loebsack
     Lofgren, Zoe
     Lowey
     Lucas
     Lynch
     Mahoney (FL)
     Maloney (NY)
     Markey
     Marshall
     Matheson
     Matsui
     McCarthy (NY)
     McCollum (MN)
     McCotter
     McDermott
     McGovern
     McHugh
     McIntyre
     McNerney
     McNulty
     Meek (FL)
     Meeks (NY)
     Melancon
     Michaud
     Miller (MI)
     Miller (NC)
     Miller, George
     Mitchell
     Mollohan
     Moore (KS)
     Moore (WI)
     Moran (KS)
     Moran (VA)
     Murphy (CT)
     Murphy, Patrick
     Murphy, Tim
     Murtha
     Nadler
     Napolitano
     Neal (MA)
     Norton
     Oberstar
     Obey
     Olver
     Ortiz
     Pallone
     Pascrell
     Pastor
     Payne
     Perlmutter
     Peterson (MN)
     Peterson (PA)
     Platts
     Pomeroy
     Porter
     Price (NC)
     Rahall
     Ramstad
     Rangel
     Rehberg
     Renzi
     Reyes
     Rodriguez
     Ros-Lehtinen
     Ross
     Rothman
     Roybal-Allard
     Ruppersberger
     Rush
     Ryan (OH)
     Salazar
     Sanchez, Linda T.
     Sanchez, Loretta
     Sarbanes
     Saxton
     Schakowsky
     Schiff
     Schwartz
     Scott (GA)
     Scott (VA)
     Serrano
     Sestak
     Shea-Porter
     Sherman
     Shimkus
     Shuler
     Shuster
     Simpson
     Sires
     Skelton
     Slaughter
     Smith (NJ)
     Smith (WA)
     Snyder
     Solis
     Space
     Spratt
     Stark
     Stupak
     Sutton
     Tanner
     Tauscher
     Taylor
     Thompson (CA)
     Thompson (MS)
     Tierney
     Towns
     Udall (CO)
     Udall (NM)
     Upton
     Van Hollen
     Velazquez
     Visclosky
     Walden (OR)
     Walz (MN)
     Wasserman Schultz
     Waters
     Watson
     Watt
     Waxman
     Weiner
     Welch (VT)
     Weller
     Wexler
     Whitfield
     Wilson (NM)
     Wilson (OH)
     Woolsey
     Wu
     Wynn
     Yarmuth

                             NOT VOTING--13

     Baird
     Bishop (GA)
     Bordallo
     Brown, Corrine
     Cramer
     Davis, Jo Ann
     Ellison
     Faleomavaega
     Gordon
     Hall (TX)
     Kucinich
     Souder
     Tancredo

                              {time}  1624

  So the amendment was rejected.
  The result of the vote was announced as above recorded.


             Amendment Offered by Mr. Garrett of New Jersey

  The Acting CHAIRMAN. The unfinished business is the demand for a 
recorded vote on the amendment offered by the gentleman from New Jersey 
(Mr. Garrett) on which further proceedings were postponed and on which 
the noes prevailed by voice vote.
  The Clerk will redesignate the amendment.
  The Clerk redesignated the amendment.


                             Recorded Vote

  The Acting CHAIRMAN. A recorded vote has been demanded.
  A recorded vote was ordered.
  The Acting CHAIRMAN. This will be a 2-minute vote.

[[Page H8043]]

  The vote was taken by electronic device, and there were--ayes 74, 
noes 352, answered ``present'' 1, not voting 9, as follows:

                             [Roll No. 654]

                                AYES--74

     Akin
     Bachmann
     Bachus
     Barrett (SC)
     Biggert
     Bilbray
     Bilirakis
     Blackburn
     Brown-Waite, Ginny
     Campbell (CA)
     Cannon
     Cantor
     Carney
     Chabot
     Conaway
     Culberson
     Davis (KY)
     Davis, David
     Deal (GA)
     Fallin
     Feeney
     Flake
     Foxx
     Franks (AZ)
     Garrett (NJ)
     Gingrey
     Gohmert
     Hall (TX)
     Heller
     Hensarling
     Inglis (SC)
     Issa
     Jindal
     Johnson, Sam
     Jordan
     Keller
     King (IA)
     Kingston
     Kline (MN)
     Lamborn
     Mack
     Miller (FL)
     Mitchell
     Murphy, Patrick
     Musgrave
     Myrick
     Neugebauer
     Paul
     Pence
     Pitts
     Poe
     Price (GA)
     Putnam
     Radanovich
     Ramstad
     Rohrabacher
     Roskam
     Royce
     Ryan (WI)
     Sali
     Sensenbrenner
     Sessions
     Shadegg
     Smith (NE)
     Smith (TX)
     Space
     Stearns
     Sullivan
     Terry
     Thornberry
     Tiberi
     Walberg
     Westmoreland
     Wilson (SC)

                               NOES--352

     Abercrombie
     Ackerman
     Aderholt
     Alexander
     Allen
     Altmire
     Andrews
     Arcuri
     Baca
     Baird
     Baker
     Baldwin
     Barrow
     Barton (TX)
     Bean
     Becerra
     Berkley
     Berman
     Berry
     Bishop (GA)
     Bishop (NY)
     Blumenauer
     Blunt
     Boehner
     Bonner
     Bono
     Boozman
     Boren
     Boswell
     Boucher
     Boustany
     Boyd (FL)
     Boyda (KS)
     Brady (PA)
     Brady (TX)
     Braley (IA)
     Brown (SC)
     Buchanan
     Burgess
     Burton (IN)
     Butterfield
     Buyer
     Calvert
     Camp (MI)
     Capito
     Capps
     Capuano
     Cardoza
     Carnahan
     Carson
     Carter
     Castle
     Castor
     Chandler
     Christensen
     Clarke
     Clay
     Cleaver
     Clyburn
     Coble
     Cohen
     Cole (OK)
     Conyers
     Cooper
     Costa
     Costello
     Courtney
     Crenshaw
     Crowley
     Cubin
     Cuellar
     Cummings
     Davis (AL)
     Davis (CA)
     Davis (IL)
     Davis, Lincoln
     Davis, Tom
     DeFazio
     DeGette
     Delahunt
     DeLauro
     Dent
     Diaz-Balart, L.
     Diaz-Balart, M.
     Dicks
     Dingell
     Doggett
     Donnelly
     Doolittle
     Doyle
     Drake
     Dreier
     Duncan
     Edwards
     Ehlers
     Ellison
     Ellsworth
     Emanuel
     Emerson
     Engel
     English (PA)
     Eshoo
     Etheridge
     Everett
     Farr
     Fattah
     Ferguson
     Filner
     Forbes
     Fortenberry
     Fortuno
     Fossella
     Frank (MA)
     Frelinghuysen
     Gallegly
     Gerlach
     Giffords
     Gilchrest
     Gillibrand
     Gillmor
     Gonzalez
     Goode
     Goodlatte
     Gordon
     Granger
     Graves
     Green, Al
     Green, Gene
     Grijalva
     Gutierrez
     Hall (NY)
     Hare
     Harman
     Hastert
     Hastings (FL)
     Hastings (WA)
     Hayes
     Herger
     Herseth Sandlin
     Higgins
     Hill
     Hinchey
     Hinojosa
     Hirono
     Hobson
     Hodes
     Hoekstra
     Holden
     Holt
     Honda
     Hooley
     Hoyer
     Hulshof
     Hunter
     Inslee
     Israel
     Jackson (IL)
     Jackson-Lee (TX)
     Jefferson
     Johnson (GA)
     Johnson (IL)
     Johnson, E. B.
     Jones (NC)
     Jones (OH)
     Kagen
     Kanjorski
     Kaptur
     Kennedy
     Kildee
     Kilpatrick
     Kind
     King (NY)
     Kirk
     Klein (FL)
     Knollenberg
     Kuhl (NY)
     LaHood
     Lampson
     Langevin
     Lantos
     Larsen (WA)
     Larson (CT)
     Latham
     LaTourette
     Lee
     Levin
     Lewis (CA)
     Lewis (GA)
     Lewis (KY)
     Linder
     Lipinski
     LoBiondo
     Loebsack
     Lofgren, Zoe
     Lowey
     Lucas
     Lungren, Daniel E.
     Lynch
     Mahoney (FL)
     Maloney (NY)
     Manzullo
     Marchant
     Markey
     Marshall
     Matheson
     Matsui
     McCarthy (CA)
     McCarthy (NY)
     McCaul (TX)
     McCollum (MN)
     McCotter
     McCrery
     McDermott
     McGovern
     McHenry
     McHugh
     McIntyre
     McKeon
     McMorris Rodgers
     McNerney
     McNulty
     Meek (FL)
     Meeks (NY)
     Melancon
     Mica
     Michaud
     Miller (MI)
     Miller (NC)
     Miller, Gary
     Miller, George
     Mollohan
     Moore (KS)
     Moore (WI)
     Moran (KS)
     Moran (VA)
     Murphy (CT)
     Murphy, Tim
     Murtha
     Nadler
     Napolitano
     Neal (MA)
     Norton
     Nunes
     Oberstar
     Obey
     Olver
     Ortiz
     Pallone
     Pascrell
     Pastor
     Payne
     Pearce
     Perlmutter
     Peterson (MN)
     Peterson (PA)
     Petri
     Pickering
     Platts
     Pomeroy
     Porter
     Price (NC)
     Pryce (OH)
     Rahall
     Rangel
     Regula
     Rehberg
     Reichert
     Renzi
     Reyes
     Reynolds
     Rodriguez
     Rogers (AL)
     Rogers (KY)
     Rogers (MI)
     Ros-Lehtinen
     Ross
     Rothman
     Roybal-Allard
     Ruppersberger
     Rush
     Ryan (OH)
     Salazar
     Sanchez, Linda T.
     Sanchez, Loretta
     Sarbanes
     Saxton
     Schakowsky
     Schiff
     Schmidt
     Schwartz
     Scott (GA)
     Scott (VA)
     Serrano
     Sestak
     Shays
     Shea-Porter
     Sherman
     Shimkus
     Shuler
     Shuster
     Simpson
     Sires
     Skelton
     Slaughter
     Smith (NJ)
     Smith (WA)
     Snyder
     Solis
     Spratt
     Stark
     Stupak
     Sutton
     Tanner
     Tauscher
     Taylor
     Thompson (CA)
     Thompson (MS)
     Tiahrt
     Tierney
     Towns
     Turner
     Udall (CO)
     Udall (NM)
     Upton
     Van Hollen
     Velazquez
     Visclosky
     Walden (OR)
     Walsh (NY)
     Walz (MN)
     Wamp
     Wasserman Schultz
     Waters
     Watson
     Watt
     Waxman
     Weiner
     Welch (VT)
     Weldon (FL)
     Weller
     Wexler
     Whitfield
     Wicker
     Wilson (NM)
     Wilson (OH)
     Wolf
     Woolsey
     Wu
     Wynn
     Yarmuth
     Young (AK)
     Young (FL)

                        ANSWERED ``PRESENT''--1

       
     Bartlett (MD)
       

                             NOT VOTING--9

     Bishop (UT)
     Bordallo
     Brown, Corrine
     Cramer
     Davis, Jo Ann
     Faleomavaega
     Kucinich
     Souder
     Tancredo

                              {time}  1629

  Mr. CANTOR changed his vote from ``no'' to ``aye.''
  So the amendment was rejected.
  The result of the vote was announced as above recorded.


                     Amendment Offered by Ms. Foxx

  The Acting CHAIRMAN. The unfinished business is the demand for a 
recorded vote on the amendment offered by the gentlewoman from North 
Carolina (Ms. Foxx) on which further proceedings were postponed and on 
which the noes prevailed by voice vote.
  The Clerk will redesignate the amendment.
  The Clerk redesignated the amendment.


                             Recorded Vote

  The Acting CHAIRMAN. A recorded vote has been demanded.
  A recorded vote was ordered.
  The Acting CHAIRMAN. This will be a 2-minute vote.
  The vote was taken by electronic device, and there were--ayes 186, 
noes 241, not voting 9, as follows:

                             [Roll No. 655]

                               AYES--186

     Aderholt
     Akin
     Alexander
     Bachmann
     Bachus
     Baker
     Barrett (SC)
     Bartlett (MD)
     Barton (TX)
     Biggert
     Bilbray
     Bilirakis
     Bishop (UT)
     Blackburn
     Blunt
     Boehner
     Bonner
     Bono
     Boozman
     Boustany
     Boyda (KS)
     Brady (TX)
     Brown (SC)
     Brown-Waite, Ginny
     Buchanan
     Burgess
     Burton (IN)
     Buyer
     Calvert
     Camp (MI)
     Campbell (CA)
     Cannon
     Cantor
     Carter
     Chabot
     Coble
     Cole (OK)
     Conaway
     Crenshaw
     Cubin
     Culberson
     Davis (KY)
     Davis, David
     Davis, Tom
     Deal (GA)
     Dent
     Diaz-Balart, L.
     Diaz-Balart, M.
     Doolittle
     Drake
     Dreier
     Duncan
     Ehlers
     Emerson
     English (PA)
     Everett
     Fallin
     Feeney
     Ferguson
     Flake
     Forbes
     Fortenberry
     Fortuno
     Fossella
     Foxx
     Franks (AZ)
     Frelinghuysen
     Gallegly
     Garrett (NJ)
     Gerlach
     Gingrey
     Gohmert
     Goode
     Goodlatte
     Granger
     Graves
     Hall (TX)
     Hastert
     Hastings (WA)
     Hayes
     Heller
     Hensarling
     Herger
     Hobson
     Hoekstra
     Hulshof
     Hunter
     Inglis (SC)
     Issa
     Jindal
     Johnson (IL)
     Johnson, Sam
     Jones (NC)
     Jordan
     Keller
     King (IA)
     King (NY)
     Kingston
     Kline (MN)
     Knollenberg
     Kuhl (NY)
     Lamborn
     Latham
     LaTourette
     Lewis (CA)
     Lewis (KY)
     Linder
     LoBiondo
     Lungren, Daniel E.
     Mack
     Manzullo
     Marchant
     McCarthy (CA)
     McCaul (TX)
     McCotter
     McCrery
     McHenry
     McHugh
     McKeon
     McMorris Rodgers
     Mica
     Miller (FL)
     Miller (MI)
     Miller, Gary
     Murphy, Tim
     Myrick
     Neugebauer
     Nunes
     Paul
     Pearce
     Pence
     Peterson (PA)
     Petri
     Pickering
     Pitts
     Platts
     Poe
     Price (GA)
     Pryce (OH)
     Putnam
     Radanovich
     Ramstad
     Regula
     Rehberg
     Reichert
     Reynolds
     Rogers (AL)
     Rogers (MI)
     Rohrabacher
     Roskam
     Royce
     Ryan (WI)
     Sali
     Saxton
     Schmidt
     Sensenbrenner
     Sessions
     Shadegg
     Shays
     Shimkus
     Shuster
     Simpson
     Smith (NE)
     Smith (NJ)
     Smith (TX)
     Stearns
     Sullivan
     Terry
     Thornberry
     Tiahrt
     Tiberi
     Turner
     Upton
     Walberg
     Walden (OR)
     Walsh (NY)
     Wamp
     Weldon (FL)
     Weller
     Westmoreland
     Whitfield
     Wicker
     Wilson (NM)
     Wilson (SC)
     Wolf
     Young (FL)

                               NOES--241

     Abercrombie
     Ackerman
     Allen
     Altmire
     Andrews
     Arcuri
     Baca
     Baird
     Baldwin
     Barrow
     Bean
     Becerra
     Berkley
     Berman
     Berry
     Bishop (GA)
     Bishop (NY)
     Blumenauer
     Boren
     Boswell
     Boucher
     Boyd (FL)
     Brady (PA)
     Braley (IA)
     Butterfield
     Capito
     Capps
     Capuano
     Cardoza
     Carnahan
     Carney
     Carson
     Castle
     Castor
     Chandler
     Christensen
     Clarke
     Clay
     Cleaver
     Clyburn
     Cohen
     Conyers
     Cooper
     Costa
     Costello
     Courtney
     Crowley
     Cuellar
     Cummings
     Davis (AL)
     Davis (CA)
     Davis (IL)
     Davis, Lincoln
     DeFazio
     DeGette
     Delahunt
     DeLauro
     Dicks
     Dingell
     Doggett
     Donnelly
     Doyle
     Edwards
     Ellison
     Ellsworth
     Emanuel
     Engel
     Eshoo
     Etheridge
     Farr
     Fattah
     Filner
     Frank (MA)
     Giffords
     Gilchrest
     Gillibrand
     Gillmor
     Gonzalez
     Gordon
     Green, Al
     Green, Gene
     Grijalva
     Gutierrez
     Hall (NY)
     Hare
     Harman
     Hastings (FL)
     Herseth Sandlin
     Higgins
     Hill
     Hinchey
     Hinojosa
     Hirono

[[Page H8044]]


     Hodes
     Holden
     Holt
     Honda
     Hooley
     Hoyer
     Inslee
     Israel
     Jackson (IL)
     Jackson-Lee (TX)
     Jefferson
     Johnson (GA)
     Johnson, E. B.
     Jones (OH)
     Kagen
     Kanjorski
     Kaptur
     Kennedy
     Kildee
     Kilpatrick
     Kind
     Kirk
     Klein (FL)
     LaHood
     Lampson
     Langevin
     Lantos
     Larsen (WA)
     Larson (CT)
     Lee
     Levin
     Lewis (GA)
     Lipinski
     Loebsack
     Lofgren, Zoe
     Lowey
     Lucas
     Lynch
     Mahoney (FL)
     Maloney (NY)
     Markey
     Marshall
     Matheson
     Matsui
     McCarthy (NY)
     McCollum (MN)
     McDermott
     McGovern
     McIntyre
     McNerney
     McNulty
     Meek (FL)
     Meeks (NY)
     Melancon
     Michaud
     Miller (NC)
     Miller, George
     Mitchell
     Mollohan
     Moore (KS)
     Moore (WI)
     Moran (KS)
     Moran (VA)
     Murphy (CT)
     Murphy, Patrick
     Murtha
     Nadler
     Napolitano
     Neal (MA)
     Norton
     Oberstar
     Obey
     Olver
     Ortiz
     Pallone
     Pascrell
     Pastor
     Payne
     Perlmutter
     Peterson (MN)
     Pomeroy
     Porter
     Price (NC)
     Rahall
     Rangel
     Renzi
     Reyes
     Rodriguez
     Rogers (KY)
     Ros-Lehtinen
     Ross
     Rothman
     Roybal-Allard
     Ruppersberger
     Rush
     Ryan (OH)
     Salazar
     Sanchez, Linda T.
     Sanchez, Loretta
     Sarbanes
     Schakowsky
     Schiff
     Schwartz
     Scott (GA)
     Scott (VA)
     Serrano
     Sestak
     Shea-Porter
     Sherman
     Shuler
     Sires
     Skelton
     Slaughter
     Smith (WA)
     Snyder
     Solis
     Space
     Spratt
     Stark
     Stupak
     Sutton
     Tanner
     Tauscher
     Taylor
     Thompson (CA)
     Thompson (MS)
     Tierney
     Towns
     Udall (CO)
     Udall (NM)
     Van Hollen
     Velazquez
     Visclosky
     Walz (MN)
     Wasserman Schultz
     Waters
     Watson
     Watt
     Waxman
     Weiner
     Welch (VT)
     Wexler
     Wilson (OH)
     Woolsey
     Wu
     Wynn
     Yarmuth
     Young (AK)

                             NOT VOTING--9

     Bordallo
     Brown, Corrine
     Cramer
     Davis, Jo Ann
     Faleomavaega
     Kucinich
     Musgrave
     Souder
     Tancredo

                              {time}  1634

  So the amendment was rejected.
  The result of the vote was announced as above recorded.


                          personal explanation

  Mr. KUCINICH. Mr. Chairman, I regret that due to a sudden illness I 
missed rollcall vote No. 630 through vote no. 655. Had I been present, 
I would have voted ``yea'' on rollcall votes 630, 631, 632, 633, and 
634. I would have voted ``no'' on rollcall votes 635, 636, 637, 638, 
639, 640, 641, 642, 643, 644, 645, 646, 647, 648, 649, 650, 651, 652, 
653, 654, and 655.
  Mr. OBEY. Mr. Chairman, I move to strike the last word.
  The Acting CHAIRMAN. The gentleman from Wisconsin is recognized for 5 
minutes.
  Mr. OBEY. The unanimous-consent agreement under which we are now 
operating means that there will be at least 13 hours of debate on 
amendments that are contemplated being offered. In addition to the 13 
hours that that will take, you almost have to allow for 4 or 5 hours of 
slippage because of the time it takes for recognition and things like 
that. So that means that we will have approximately 18 hours, not 
counting votes, as I calculate it, to dispose of all of the items 
contained in the unanimous consent request.
  Members further need to understand that we will not be on this bill 
tomorrow morning because the Appropriations Committee has to mark up 
the Agriculture appropriation bill. That means that if we stay here 
until 1 o'clock tonight, we might, if we get lucky and if some people 
decide to drop some amendments, be finished by 8 or 9 o'clock tomorrow 
night. I wish that we could do it sooner, but I'm not the fellow 
offering the amendments. So I simply want Members to be aware of what 
it means.
  What we will try to do, and I don't think this is definitely tied 
down, but Members should be notified shortly when it is, we will try to 
go until about 8 o'clock and then have another series of votes. And 
then those of us who are stuck on the committee or stuck offering 
amendments, we will have to be here after that. That's the only way 
that we can see about how to proceed, unless people want to be here 
Friday or Saturday.
  So, I just wanted Members to have that happy news before they go to 
their happy hour.
  Mr. Chairman, I yield back the balance of my time.
  The Acting CHAIRMAN. The Clerk will read.
  The Clerk read as follows:

       The maximum Pell Grant for which a student shall be 
     eligible during award year 2008-2009 shall be $4,700.

                       Student Aid Administration

       For Federal administrative expenses to carry out part D of 
     title I, and subparts 1, 3, and 4 of part A, and parts B, C, 
     D, and E of title IV of the Higher Education Act of 1965, 
     $708,216,000, to remain available until expended.

                            Higher Education

       For carrying out, to the extent not otherwise provided, 
     titles II, III, IV, V, VI, and VII of the Higher Education 
     Act of 1965 (``HEA''), section 1543 of the Higher Education 
     Amendments of 1992, and the Mutual Educational and Cultural 
     Exchange Act of 1961, $2,051,533,000: Provided, That 
     $9,699,000, to remain available through September 30, 2009, 
     shall be available to fund fellowships for academic year 
     2009-2010 under subpart 1 of part A of title VII of the HEA, 
     under the terms and conditions of such subpart 1: Provided 
     further, That $620,000 is for data collection and evaluation 
     activities for programs under the HEA, including such 
     activities needed to comply with the Government Performance 
     and Results Act of 1993: Provided further, That 
     notwithstanding any other provision of law, funds made 
     available in this Act to carry out title VI of the HEA and 
     section 102(b)(6) of the Mutual Educational and Cultural 
     Exchange Act of 1961 may be used to support visits and study 
     in foreign countries by individuals who are participating in 
     advanced foreign language training and international studies 
     in areas that are vital to United States national security 
     and who plan to apply their language skills and knowledge of 
     these countries in the fields of government, the professions, 
     or international development: Provided further, That of the 
     funds referred to in the preceding proviso, up to 1 percent 
     may be used for program evaluation, national outreach, and 
     information dissemination activities: Provided further, That 
     the funds provided for title II of the HEA shall be allocated 
     notwithstanding section 210 of such Act.


       Amendment No. 54 Offered by Mr. Barrett of South Carolina

  Mr. BARRETT of South Carolina. Mr. Chairman, I offer an amendment.
  The Acting CHAIRMAN. The Clerk will designate the amendment.
  The text of the amendment is as follows:

       Amendment No. 54 offered by Mr. Barrett of South Carolina:
       Page 90, line 7, after the first dollar amount, insert 
     ``(reduced by $40,590,000)''.

  Mr. OBEY. Would the Clerk read the amendment so we can understand 
what it is?
  The Acting CHAIRMAN. Without objection, the Clerk will report the 
amendment.
  There was no objection.
  The Acting CHAIRMAN. Pursuant to the order of the House of today, the 
gentleman from South Carolina (Mr. Barrett) and a Member opposed each 
will control 5 minutes.
  The Chair recognizes the gentleman from South Carolina.
  Mr. BARRETT of South Carolina. Mr. Chairman, this would basically 
eliminate funding for the Byrd Honors Scholarship program by saving 
about $40.6 million.
  And I guess what I'm here to talk about today, Mr. Chairman, is that 
this program, which is certainly a merit-based scholarship program, was 
rated as ``results not demonstrated.'' When we talk about funding, when 
we talk about scholarships, when we talk about trying to make 
government more effective and more efficient, I think this is a perfect 
example, Mr. Chairman, of duplicative services.
  I understand the need of helping our high school seniors, and I 
applaud the effort. But in a time when money is scarce and we're trying 
to be good stewards of the taxpayers' dollar, doesn't it make sense, 
Mr. Chairman, to take programs like this, and all other associated 
programs, take a look at them from the bottom up and look at what is 
effective?
  Why was this particular program rated ``results not demonstrated''? 
Was it because of a lack of funding, Mr. Chairman? Was it because of a 
lack of information that high school students didn't know what was 
going on? Was it because of a lack of organization on how the 
scholarship is administered? I don't know. I don't know these answers.
  So all I'm saying is, if we're going to continue to help seniors, and 
I hope we do, let's try to do it in a more responsible manner. Let's 
just not create another government program. Let's not create a 
duplicative service. Let's take a look at what we're doing, how we're 
doing it, bring things together. It may be that this program needs to 
be increased, I don't know. It may be that it needs to go away and this 
money go to a program that is far more effective. All I'm saying is 
that I think this is the wrong way to go about it.
  I think if we took a real hard look at all these programs, we could 
pull our

[[Page H8045]]

resources together, we could help our high school seniors much more 
effectively and maybe, at the same time, save $40.6 million of hard-
earned taxpayers' money.
  Mr. Chairman, I reserve the balance of my time.
  Mr. OBEY. Mr. Chairman, I rise in opposition to the amendment.
  The Acting CHAIRMAN. The gentleman from Wisconsin is recognized for 5 
minutes.
  Mr. OBEY. Mr. Chairman, if you think that there is too much education 
in this country, then vote for this amendment. If you think that we 
could use more help to people trying to get an education, then you vote 
against it.
  I think that the only thing wrong with this program in the eyes of 
the White House is the name of the man that's attached to the program, 
the distinguished Senator Robert Byrd from West Virginia. He sponsored 
this program, which provides needs-based scholarships all over the 
country, some 15,000 of them. I happen to think that's a good thing. I 
think the recipients certainly think it's a good thing. I think the 
working families of the recipients think it's a good thing.
  The gentleman says that the White House Budget Office has ranked this 
program as ``not determined'' in terms of effectiveness. I would remind 
you, this is the same White House that is claiming that the surge in 
Iraq has shown great progress. I hardly think that their judgment ought 
to serve as the standing judgment of the House.
  I also note, by the way, that the White House also ranks as 
``effectiveness not being determined'' IDEA preschool grants, and IDEA 
Grants for Infants and Families. We've had several efforts on the part 
of people on that side of the aisle today to increase funding for IDEA. 
I didn't see them stopping then because the White House didn't think 
that was such a hot idea. I also see the White House ranks the Federal 
Work Study program as being ``not determined'' in terms of adequacy.
  With all due respect, I think this country needs all the education it 
can get. I think it needs all the student aid it can get. And I would 
therefore urge rejection of the amendment.
  Mr. BARRETT of South Carolina. Mr. Chairman, I would like to correct 
the chairman. This is a merit-based program, not a need-based program.
  And I understand that we need all the education we can get. All I'm 
saying, Mr. Chairman is, is this the best way to spend this money? Can 
it not be rolled into another program or taken a look at to make sure 
that we're getting our best bang for the dollar, that we're spending 
the taxpayers' money wisely, and we're being the most effective helping 
our high school seniors with a higher education degree?
  Mr. Chairman, I yield back the balance of my time.
  The Acting CHAIRMAN. The question is on the amendment offered by the 
gentleman from South Carolina (Mr. Barrett).
  The amendment was rejected.
  Mr. OBEY. Mr. Chairman, I move to strike the last word.
  The Acting CHAIRMAN. The gentleman from Wisconsin is recognized for 5 
minutes.

                              {time}  1645

  Mr. OBEY. I yield to the gentleman from New York.
  Mr. McNULTY. Thank you, Chairman Obey.
  Mr. Chairman, I rise to enter into a colloquy with the distinguished 
chairman of the Appropriations Committee and the Labor, Health and 
Human Services Subcommittee, Mr. Obey.
  Mr. Chairman, today my goal is to draw attention to the backlog of 
applications for disability benefits at the Social Security 
Administration. Today, more than 1.3 million Americans are awaiting a 
decision on their disability cases. SSA is staffed with dedicated, 
hard-working employees, but due to staffing shortages at the agency, 
some applicants for disability benefits must wait as long as 3 or 4 
years before receiving a decision on their case. Many of these 
individuals are severely ill or injured, cannot work or have little or 
no income or access to health care.
  American workers pay into the Social Security system with the promise 
that if they become severely disabled, Social Security will be there 
for them. Today we are falling far short on that promise. This 
situation is a direct result of the understaffing of the Social 
Security Administration in recent years. Other important programs under 
the Labor, Health and Human Services bill have also been underfunded.
  Given these competing needs, I greatly appreciate the chairman's 
efforts and the committee's effort to include additional funding for 
SSA in this year's bill. Nonetheless, I believe we should strive to do 
better in conference.
  Mr. OBEY. Mr. Chairman, I share the gentleman's concern about the 
Social Security disability claim backlog and the hardship it has 
caused. Under the President's request for SSA, the disability backlog 
has gotten worse. The funding increase we've included in this bill will 
keep that from happening and will protect SSA from staffing declines 
that the agency has seen in recent years.
  I would make the point that despite the fact that we were left in a 
considerable mess with all of last year's domestic appropriation bills 
not passed when we took over, we still made SSA a priority and included 
$148 million over the 2006 funding level. In the bill we are debating 
today, we have included over $401 million above the 2007 level and $100 
million more than the presidential request.
  Mr. Chairman, I would be happy to work with the gentleman and others, 
such as Mr. Arcuri, toward increasing the amount for SSA in the 
conference and in future years.
  Mr. McNULTY. Mr. Chairman, I just want to say to Chairman Obey that, 
Dave, I approached you on this earlier in the year. Your response was 
immediate and positive. You have provided the additional funding. We 
hope to get more in conference. But what you have done is going to 
accrue to the benefit of thousands and thousands of Americans who have 
been waiting a long, long time for these decisions. On their behalf, I 
thank you.
  Mr. OBEY. Mr. Chairman, I thank the gentleman. Mr. Walsh and I both 
are concerned about the problem, and we will be happy to work with you.


                    Amendment Offered by Mr. Cooper

  Mr. COOPER. Mr. Chairman, I offer an amendment.
  The Acting CHAIRMAN. The Clerk will designate the amendment.
  The text of the amendment is as follows:

       Amendment offered by Mr. Cooper:
       Page 90, line 7, increase the first dollar amount by 
     $100,000,000.
       Page 90, line 7, further increase the first dollar amount 
     by $25,000,000.
       Page 92, line 17, reduce the first dollar amount by 
     $125,000,000.

  The Acting CHAIRMAN. Pursuant to the order of the House of today, the 
gentleman from Tennessee (Mr. Cooper) and a Member opposed each will 
control 5 minutes.
  The Chair recognizes the gentleman from Tennessee.
  Mr. COOPER. Mr. Chairman, there is no Member of this House that I 
respect more than the chairman of the full committee, Mr. Obey. He has 
the toughest job in this body: To chair the full Appropriations 
Committee, to carry one of the largest bills and to do such a superb 
job at reconciling the interests of 435 Members of this body from all 
corners of the Nation. So it is with great regret, Mr. Chairman, that I 
rise to offer any amendment to this bill. But the need is great.
  Historically Black Colleges and Universities all across America need 
help, and they need help now. And the chairman, to his credit, provides 
help. He upped the amount by $11 million to $249 million for 
Historically Black Colleges and Universities. He also has some $57 
million for Historically Black Graduate Schools. But, Mr. Chairman, I 
suggest that is not enough.
  That is why my amendment would add $125 million to these marvelous 
institutions. It is about a 40 percent increase instead of a 4 percent 
increase in their funding. I would take this money from the Department 
of Education, their administrative fund. I will admit this is not my 
favorite place to get the money. But under the rules, I have to get the 
money at a place in the bill after page 90.
  So my intent is this: To give HBCUs, Historically Black Institutions, 
higher priority and much higher funding. I trust the discretion of the 
Appropriations Committee to get that money from an appropriate place in 
the bill.

[[Page H8046]]

  Mr. Chairman, I yield to my colleague from Memphis, Tennessee (Mr. 
Cohen).
  Mr. COHEN. Mr. Chairman, I would like to thank the distinguished 
gentleman from Davidson County for yielding and for bringing this 
amendment. There is still a critical need in this country for 
Historically Black Colleges and Universities.
  In my communities, the finest public school students traditionally 
are desirous of going to Historically Black Colleges and Universities. 
We try to keep them in Tennessee with HOPE scholarships. We offer from 
$4,000 to $5,500 a year to stay in Tennessee. There are fine 
Historically Black Colleges and Universities: Lemoyne-Owen in my 
district, Fisk in Nashville, and Knoxville College up in East 
Tennessee. But most of them want to go out of State and go to Atlanta 
and come to this area to Historically Black Colleges and Universities. 
It is still the first choice for most African American students.
  We need to fund these schools at a higher level. They have not 
received increased funding over the last 5 or 6 years to speak of. The 
need has become greater and greater. These are students who need 
educational opportunities to move out and into the American dream.
  I commend the gentleman from Davidson County for bringing this 
amendment, I am pleased to support it, and ask the chairman of the 
Appropriations Committee to see this great need which will help people 
who have not had an opportunity to share in the American dream as much 
as they should.
  Mr. COOPER. Reclaiming my time, Mr. Chairman, these are marvelous 
Historically Black Institutions and today they serve a wide spectrum, 
people of all races and backgrounds. But, most importantly, so many of 
these students are first-generation college students. They deserve a 
chance to live the American dream; to become the doctors, the lawyers, 
the artists, the poets, the engineers and the scientists of the future.
  These institutions serve a vital role in our society. As the 
gentleman from Memphis pointed out, their funding has essentially been 
frozen for the last 4 or 5 years. To offer them only a 4\1/2\ percent 
increase this year is good, but it is not enough. That is why I think 
we need to reach deep, to increase the funding substantially, so that 
they know that the year 2007 was the year in which they saw a dramatic 
increase as opposed to the prior year of funding freeze.
  I have the greatest respect for the chairman of the full committee, 
Mr. Obey. My wish is not to add to the difficulty of his task. But so 
many of these institutions are teetering on the edge. They need help, 
they need help now, and they need large amounts of help. That is why we 
have offered this amendment to increase funding for Historically Black 
Colleges and Universities by $125 million. Please support this 
amendment.
  Mr. Chairman, there is no Member of this Congress I admire more than 
Chairman Obey. He has the toughest job in Congress, to lead the entire 
Appropriations Committee, to carry the single largest appropriations 
bill of $153 billion, and to reconcile the needs and desires of 435 
Members of Congress from all corners of the Nation. Another reason the 
job is so tough is that Chairman Obey also has to listen to more 
blather than anyone else in Congress. So it is with great regret that I 
rise to offer any amendment to his handiwork. 
  My amendment would increase the funding for historically Black 
colleges and universities, and for historically Black graduate schools 
by $125 million. The chairman's mark already includes $249.5 million 
for these schools and $57 million for HBGLs, so my amendment offers a 
40-percent increase in HBCU funding. My amendment would take that 
funding from the Department of Education Departmental Management 
Program Administration Account. I would agree that this is perhaps not 
the ideal source of funding, but due to procedural rules that limited 
me to finding offsets after page 90 in the bill, that is the best I was 
allowed to do.
  My intent is to give higher priority--and much higher funding--to 
historically Black colleges, universities, and graduate schools, and 
that their increase in funding be offset in ways that the 
Appropriations Committee deems most appropriate in conference.
  The key point is to boost these marvelous historically Black 
institutions. Most of these schools were born soon after the Civil War 
and have served America well by training the doctors, lawyers, 
scientists, poets, business people, professors, engineers, etc. that 
America needs. Today they serve Blacks, Whites, and a wide range of 
other races and ethnic backgrounds. Many of these students are first-
generation college students trying to live the American dream by 
getting a good education and a good job. I have the honor of 
representing three of these institutions in Nashville: Fisk University, 
Meharry Medical College, Tennessee State University, as well as 
American Baptist College. But there are dozens of historically black 
colleges scattered over dozens of States. Many of today's Members of 
Congress attended these fine schools, and probably would not be in 
Congress without the education they received from these institutions. 
All of these historically Black colleges and universities are a vital 
part of America's history, and our future.
  The chairman's mark already gives these historically Black 
institutions a 4.5 percent increase. I appreciate that, but I cannot 
help but notice that, after 4 years of no increase in Federal funding, 
that 4.5 percent is not enough to do the job, in fact, it's not enough 
to even offset the effects of inflation. These historically Black 
colleges, universities, and graduate schools need more of an increase 
than that--much more--to continue their extraordinary mission of 
reaching the poor, minorities, and the disenfranchised of all races, 
and to help them get the education they need. 
  Please support the Cooper amendment to increase Federal aid to 
historically Black colleges and universities. This is your chance to 
make sure that everyone has a better chance to live the American dream.
  Mr. Chairman, I yield back the balance of my time.
  Mr. OBEY. Mr. Chairman, I move to strike the last word.
  The Acting CHAIRMAN. The gentleman from Wisconsin is recognized for 5 
minutes.
  Mr. OBEY. Mr. Chairman, this amendment, like so many others offered 
today, demonstrates that the White House is incredibly off base when 
they tell us that this bill is over-funded. This bill is about 2.5 
percent in real terms above last year. The fact that it is so tight and 
still falls so short of meeting many needs is evidenced by the fact 
that we have this kind of amendment before us. The only difference 
between this amendment and several others is that the others have been 
coming from the minority side of the aisle and this one happens to come 
from the majority side of the aisle.
  But let me simply say that I fully appreciate where the gentleman 
wants to put the money. It is a good place to put it. There are many 
other good places to put it. The problem is that it is simply not real 
to believe that you can decimate the administrative budget of the 
Department of Education as much as this amendment does.
  I am not going to ask people to vote one way or another on this, 
because no matter which way you vote, you will be wrong, because this 
amendment, because of the squeeze that we are in, because of the 
tremendous demand for education help in this country, no matter what 
you do, someone will be shortchanged. It is either the department that 
is supposed to administer the programs or the programs themselves.
  So I sympathize with what the gentleman is trying to do. I cannot 
honestly say I endorse the amendment, because of the problems, but I 
think the gentleman's amendment lays out clearly how inadequate this 
bill still is in terms of meeting the country's responsibilities, 
especially to those folks in our population who are not, shall we say, 
the top dogs.
  I yield to the gentlewoman from California.
  Ms. LEE. Mr. Chairman, let me thank you, first of all, for your 
support of Historically Black Colleges and Universities over the years. 
In subcommittee I know we did increase this a significant amount.
  The gentleman's amendment which he has presented today is worthy of 
consideration. I just want to say why, as a person from California, 
Historically Black Colleges and Universities are important.
  Several years ago, the Governor of the State of California ended 
affirmative action. Very few African American and Latino students now 
are able to attend the University of California, and that is a tragedy. 
What we have found is that the majority of African American students 
now are going from California to Historically Black Colleges and 
Universities. They have saved the day for our young people in 
California. So I am very clear on what may or may not happen. I look 
forward to working with you and the chairman as we go to conference on 
this.

[[Page H8047]]

  But I just want to say on behalf of those African American students 
in California, that they need as many opportunities as they can get 
because of what happened in terms of the decimation of equal 
opportunity programs and initiatives that would allow them into the 
University of California.
  Mr. OBEY. Mr. Chairman, I yield back the balance of my time.
  The Acting CHAIRMAN. The question is on the amendment offered by the 
gentleman from Tennessee (Mr. Cooper).
  The amendment was agreed to.
  Mr. OBEY. Mr. Chairman, I move to strike the last word.
  The Acting CHAIRMAN. The gentleman is recognized for 5 minutes.
  Mr. OBEY. I yield to the gentleman from Wisconsin.
  Mr. KIND. Mr. Chairman, I thank the chairman for yielding.
  Mr. Chairman, I rise today with the gentleman from Tennessee, my good 
friend, Mr. Wamp, for the purpose of engaging the chairman in this 
colloquy about the National Youth Sports Program. While my purpose for 
rising today is to discuss the merits of NYSP, I would also like to 
commend the chairman on the work that the committee has done in 
crafting such a respectable bill before us. The subcommittee was able 
to restore several programs that otherwise would have been eliminated, 
while also increasing important investments in much-needed areas such 
as No Child Left Behind, IDEA, and the Community Services Block Grant.
  I am disappointed, however, that this year, due to funding 
constraints, the National Youth Sports Program was not funded in this 
appropriations bill. The National Youth Sports Program program is an 
educational partnership that has worked successfully for over 37 years. 
It provides low-income children ages 10 to 16 a 5-week summer program 
offering sports and academic programs at colleges and universities 
nationwide.
  While touring the NYSP program on the UW-Eau Claire and UW-LaCrosse 
campuses in my district on several occasions, I have witnessed 
firsthand how this program reaches beyond academics and sports to 
provide opportunities for learning about good nutrition, developing 
leadership skills and developing good character.
  In previous years, the program served approximately 76,000 children 
at 201 colleges and universities across the country. The loss in 
Federal funding, however, has had a dramatic effect on the program's 
operation. It is expected there will only be 50 programs and 10,000 
students participating this summer nationwide.
  In our home State of Wisconsin, close to 1,600 young people once 
participated in this program, yet this year, unfortunately, that figure 
has dramatically declined to approximately 400 children.
  Mr. WAMP. Mr. Chairman, will the gentleman yield?
  Mr. OBEY. I yield to the gentleman from Tennessee.
  Mr. WAMP. Mr. Chairman, I thank the gentleman for yielding to me and 
I commend him for his work on this important bill.
  As you know, our Nation is facing a major health care crisis because 
of childhood obesity. Due to a significant decline in physical activity 
by our Nation's youth, a growing number of children are experiencing 
illnesses and the other health problems, such as Type II diabetes, 
hypertension and respiratory problems. The rise in obesity-related 
health conditions also has high economic costs and has greatly 
increased health care spending, both mandatory and discretionary.

                              {time}  1700

  As the social and economic costs of childhood obesity increase, the 
number of children engaging in physical activity is drastically 
decreasing and many schools are even cutting back on physical education 
programs because of budgetary concerns. It is critical that we focus 
our efforts on funding for physical activity at this time to fight this 
epidemic of childhood obesity and improve the health of our children.
  Mr. Chairman, the National Youth Sports Program is a vital program 
that promotes physical activity and provides children with the 
leadership and academic skills to improve their well-being. Due to the 
elimination of funding for NYSP next fiscal year, many children in 
Tennessee and throughout the country will lose the opportunity to 
participate in this important program. I simply ask that you work with 
us to ensure that proper funds are allocated to NYSP and the promotion 
of physical activity as we go to conference.
  Mr. OBEY. Mr. Chairman, I am familiar with the NYSP program given the 
fact of that the University of Wisconsin-Superior in my district hosted 
a program in 2005. I acknowledge the good work that the program has 
accomplished, and I am looking forward to working with both the 
gentlemen.
  Mr. KIND. Mr. Chairman, will the gentleman yield?
  Mr. OBEY. I yield to the gentleman from Wisconsin.
  Mr. KIND. As the chairman is aware, earlier this year we sent a 
bipartisan letter to the committee requesting an $18 million 
appropriation for NYSP, and given the importance of this program to 
many children throughout the country and the fact that NYSP has 
successfully leveraged Federal funding to secure substantial matching 
community investments, we would hope that if funding is found on the 
Senate side, that both the House and the chairman would be supportive 
of the funding level coming out of the Senate in conference.
  It is also our hope that in the future NYSP will receive an outreach 
of support to continue its agenda for organizations that specialize in 
assisting at-risk youth. This program is too vital for the health and 
well-being of our young people for it to be left unfunded for another 
year.
  Mr. OBEY. Let me say, I hope anything is funded on the Senate side. I 
would like to thank both gentlemen for their passion and attention to 
this program, and I will be happy to join both of you in encouraging 
reauthorization of this program.
  Mr. KIND. I thank the chairman.
  Mr. OBEY. Mr. Chairman, I move to strike the last word.
  The Acting CHAIRMAN. The gentleman from Wisconsin is recognized for 5 
minutes.
  Mr. OBEY. I yield to the gentleman from New York.
  Mr. ARCURI. I rise to enter into a colloquy with the distinguished 
chairman.
  My intention today is to raise awareness of the Members of the House 
of Representatives surrounding the issue of administrative budget of 
the Social Security Administration and the impact it has on real people 
across America. Because previous Congresses have failed to meet the 
basic funding requirements of the Social Security Administration, the 
agency is in the process of closing field offices to try to rein in 
costs. One of those field offices is in my district, the 24th 
Congressional District of New York in the city of Auburn. Auburn serves 
as a population base for rural Cayuga County; and of the approximately 
81,000 residents in that county, nearly 20,000, or 25 percent, are on 
Social Security, that is, they receive benefits.
  Closing the field office in Auburn, New York, means that those 20,000 
beneficiaries, most of whom are elderly, will need to drive to the next 
nearest offices in Syracuse or Geneva, New York. Public transportation 
in this area is inadequate, and this potential closing will mean that 
many residents will simply not have access to a Social Security 
Administration office for face-to-face interviews. Staff of the Social 
Security Administration has explained that the services can be provided 
by phone or through the Social Security Administration online system, 
but for these financially vulnerable beneficiaries, these were not real 
options.
  I don't believe that the Social Security Administration should close 
or consolidate field offices until the agency reports back to Congress 
regarding the number of recipients who would be negatively impacted and 
allow the Congress to thoroughly review the economic analysis of 
potential field office realignment, consolidation, or closing 
proposals.
  Mr. OBEY. I share the gentleman's concern about the Social Security 
Administration budget. Since January, the committee has provided $550 
million in additional resources. It has come in large part because of 
requests of people like yourself who have constantly reminded us of the 
problem.

[[Page H8048]]

  In the bill we are debating today, the committee has included over 
$400 million above the 2007 level and $100 million more than the 
administration's request. Years of underfunding SSA and the other 
programs in this bill, such as No Child Left Behind, IDEA, and NIH, 
cannot be remedied in any one year, but we are certainly doing the best 
we can to accelerate.
  Mr. ARCURI. I understand you are making every effort to reverse the 
trend of underfunding the Social Security Administration to ensure that 
the agency can keep up with the increasing work loads due to the 
retirement of the first crop of the baby boomers and on the increasing 
backlog and disability claims.
  I hope we will be able to work together as this bill moves forward to 
make certain that the SSA has adequate funding to keep the field 
offices open, especially in expansive rural districts like mine, the 
27th in New York, and provide Social Security benefits that keep the 
elderly and those with disabilities out of poverty.
  Mr. OBEY. I will be happy to continue to work with the gentleman in 
conference in the future to obtain the highest level possible for SSA. 
I know it is a very important problem.
  Mr. ARCURI. I thank the chairman and his fine staff for all the help 
you have been on this issue in your efforts to keep the Social Security 
field offices open, for your willingness to work on increasing Social 
Security funding in conference. These efforts will make a real 
difference in the lives of thousands of Americans not only in my 
district but around the country.
  Mr. WALSH of New York. Mr. Chairman, will the gentleman yield?
  Mr. OBEY. I yield to the gentleman from New York.
  Mr. WALSH of New York. Let me also thank the chairman for his 
foresight in providing additional resources. There is a $400 million 
increase to the Social Security Administration to provide this 
invaluable service to our constituents.
  I thank the gentleman from New York for his leadership. I represented 
the city of Auburn for 10 years. Due to the vagaries of 
reapportionment, Mr. Arcuri is now their Representative, but I still 
have constituents who go there and rely upon that office. It is a good 
office, well served, well staffed. It is a professional staff, and it 
is needed.
  So I thank him for standing up for the people of Auburn. I do, too, 
and the rest of the people of Cayuga County and that region who rely so 
heavily on that office. I thank the chairman for providing the 
additional resources.
  Mr. ARCURI. Madam Chairman, will the gentleman yield?
  Mr. OBEY. I yield to the gentleman from New York.
  Mr. ARCURI. I would just like to thank the ranking member for all of 
his help, my colleague and friend from New York. You have done a great 
job in upstate New York and in serving the Auburn area, and I thank you 
for your support.
  The CHAIRMAN. The Clerk will read.
  The Clerk read as follows:

                           Howard University

       For partial support of Howard University (20 U.S.C. 121 et 
     seq.), $237,392,000, of which not less than $3,526,000 shall 
     be for a matching endowment grant pursuant to the Howard 
     University Endowment Act (20 U.S.C. 130aa et seq.) and shall 
     remain available until expended.

         College Housing and Academic Facilities Loans Program

       For Federal administrative expenses to carry out activities 
     related to existing facility loans pursuant to section 121 of 
     the Higher Education Act of 1965, $481,000.

  Historically Black College and University Capital Financing Program 
                                Account

       For administrative expenses to carry out the Historically 
     Black College and University Capital Financing Program 
     entered into pursuant to part D of title III of the Higher 
     Education Act of 1965, $188,000.

                    Institute of Education Sciences

       For carrying out activities authorized by the Education 
     Sciences Reform Act of 2002 (20 U.S.C. 9501 et seq.) the 
     National Assessment of Educational Progress Authorization Act 
     (20 U.S.C. 9621 et seq.), section 208 of the Educational 
     Technical Assistance Act of 2002 (20 U.S.C. 9607), and 
     section 664 of the Individuals with Disabilities Education 
     Act (20 U.S.C. 1464), $535,103,000, of which $293,144,000 
     shall remain available until September 30, 2009.

                        Departmental Management


                         program administration

       For carrying out, to the extent not otherwise provided, the 
     Department of Education Organization Act (20 U.S.C. 3401 et 
     seq.), including rental of conference rooms in the District 
     of Columbia and hire of three passenger motor vehicles, 
     $394,487,000, of which $3,000,000, to remain available until 
     expended, shall be for building alterations and related 
     expenses for the move of Department staff to the Mary E. 
     Switzer building in Washington, D.C.


                        office for civil rights

       For expenses necessary for the Office for Civil Rights, as 
     authorized by section 203 of the Department of Education 
     Organization Act (20 U.S.C. 3413), $93,771,000.


                      office of inspector general

       For expenses necessary for the Office of the Inspector 
     General, as authorized by section 212 of the Department of 
     Education Organization Act (20 U.S.C. 3422), $53,239,000.

                           General Provisions


                     (including transfer of funds)

       Sec. 301. No funds appropriated in this Act may be used for 
     the transportation of students or teachers (or for the 
     purchase of equipment for such transportation) in order to 
     overcome racial imbalance in any school or school system, or 
     for the transportation of students or teachers (or for the 
     purchase of equipment for such transportation) in order to 
     carry out a plan of racial desegregation of any school or 
     school system.
       Sec. 302. None of the funds contained in this Act shall be 
     used to require, directly or indirectly, the transportation 
     of any student to a school other than the school which is 
     nearest the student's home, except for a student requiring 
     special education, to the school offering such special 
     education, in order to comply with title VI of the Civil 
     Rights Act of 1964 (42 U.S.C. 2000d et seq.). For the purpose 
     of this section an indirect requirement of transportation of 
     students includes the transportation of students to carry out 
     a plan involving the reorganization of the grade structure of 
     schools; the pairing of schools; or the clustering of 
     schools; or any combination of grade restructuring, pairing, 
     or clustering. The prohibition described in this section does 
     not include the establishment of magnet schools.
       Sec. 303. No funds appropriated in this Act may be used to 
     prevent the implementation of programs of voluntary prayer 
     and meditation in the public schools.
       Sec. 304. Not to exceed 1 percent of any discretionary 
     funds (pursuant to the Balanced Budget and Emergency Deficit 
     Control Act of 1985 (2 U.S.C. 900 et seq.)) which are 
     appropriated for the current fiscal year for the Department 
     of Education in this Act may be transferred between 
     appropriations, but no such appropriation shall be increased 
     by more than 3 percent by any such transfer: Provided, That 
     an appropriation may be increased by up to an additional 2 
     percent subject to approval by the Committees on 
     Appropriations of the House of Representatives and the 
     Senate: Provided further, That the transfer authority granted 
     by this section shall be available only to meet unanticipated 
     needs and shall not be used to create any new program or to 
     fund any project or activity for which no funds are provided 
     in this Act: Provided further, That the Committees on 
     Appropriations of the House of Representatives and the Senate 
     are notified at least 15 days in advance of any transfer.
       Sec. 305. None of the funds made available in this Act may 
     be used to promulgate, implement, or enforce any revision to 
     the regulations in effect under section 496 of the Higher 
     Education Act of 1965 on June 1, 2007, until legislation 
     specifically requiring such revision is enacted.
       Sec. 306. (a) Maintenance of Integrity and Ethical Values 
     Within Department of Education.--Within 30 days after the 
     enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Education shall 
     implement procedures--
       (1) to assess whether a covered individual or entity has a 
     potential financial interest in, or bias towards, a product 
     or service purchased with, or guaranteed or insured by, funds 
     administered by the Department of Education or a contracted 
     entity of the Department; and
       (2) to disclose the existence of any such potential 
     financial interest or bias.
       (b) Review by Inspector General.--
       (1) Within 30 days after the implementation of the 
     procedures described in subsection (a), the Inspector General 
     of the Department of Education shall report to the Committees 
     on Appropriations of the House of Representatives and the 
     Senate on the adequacy of such procedures.
       (2) Within 1 year, the Inspector General shall conduct at 
     least 1 audit to ensure that such procedures are properly 
     implemented and are adequate to uncover and disclose the 
     existence of potential financial interests or bias described 
     in subsection (a).
       (3) The Inspector General shall report to such Committees 
     any recommendations for modifications to such procedures that 
     the Inspector General determines are necessary to uncover and 
     disclose the existence of such potential financial interests 
     or bias.
       (c) Definition.--For purposes of this section, the term 
     ``covered individual or entity'' means--
       (1) an officer or professional employee of the Department 
     of Education;
       (2) a contractor or subcontractor of the Department, or an 
     individual hired by the contracted entity;
       (3) a member of a peer review panel of the Department; or
       (4) a consultant or advisor to the Department.

[[Page H8049]]

                  Amendment No. 33 Offered by Mr. Holt

  Mr. HOLT. Madam Chairman, I offer an amendment.
  The CHAIRMAN. The Clerk will designate the amendment.
  The text of the amendment is as follows:

       Amendment No. 33 offered by Mr. Holt:
       Page 96, after line 22, insert the following:
       Sec. 307. The amounts otherwise provided by this title are 
     revised by reducing the amount made available for 
     ``Departmental Management--Program Administration'', and 
     increasing the amount made available for ``School Improvement 
     Programs'' (for carrying out activities authorized by part B 
     of title II of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 
     1965), by $25,000,000.

  The CHAIRMAN. Pursuant to the order of the House of today, the 
gentleman from New Jersey (Mr. Holt) and a Member opposed each will 
control 5 minutes.
  The Chair recognizes the gentleman from New Jersey.
  Mr. HOLT. Madam Chairman, this amendment is intended to make it 
possible for more teachers throughout America to have the professional 
development that we have promised them in science, math and technology 
education.
  You may know that under No Child Left Behind, the Elementary and 
Secondary Act reauthorization, that was the Eisenhower Program that 
provided teacher training and professional development, was changed to 
Math and Science Partnership. Subsequently, the funding was cut to 
about a quarter of what had previously been provided, and it has never 
recovered.
  I recognize that the committee under Chairman Obey's leadership has 
tried to get back that lost ground that was lost under previous 
leadership. Nevertheless, the teachers and hence the students are not 
getting what they need. Whether you look at the ``Rising Above the 
Gathering Storm'' report of the National Academy of Sciences or the 
Congress's own Innovation Agenda or the President's Competitive 
Initiative, we are all saying, in fact leaders of this country are 
yelling and screaming that we must do better in science and math 
education for our competitiveness, for our quality of life. If we are 
to do that, we must help the teachers with their professional 
development.
  Funding prior to No Child Left Behind for math and science teacher 
development was $485 million. Currently under this appropriations bill 
in front of us, the funding for the successor programs for math and 
science teacher professional development is $182 million. Again, I 
recognize what the committee has been trying to do. It is not enough. 
We owe it to the students. We owe it to the teachers. But even more, we 
owe it to our society.
  If our economy is to grow, if our productivity is going to grow, we 
must do better in math and science education. This is one of the 
important steps as recommended by the Glen Commission on Elementary and 
Secondary Education, as recommended by the National Academy of 
Sciences, as recommended by so many, including so many in this room. So 
I urge the adoption of my amendment which would put $25 million 
additional dollars into the Math and Science Partnership.
  Madam Chairman, I yield back the balance of my time.
  Mr. OBEY. Madam Chairman, I move to strike the last word.
  The CHAIRMAN. The gentleman from Wisconsin is recognized for 5 
minutes.
  Mr. OBEY. Earlier today, the gentleman had a previous amendment which 
tried to put money in a worthy program, and I expressed then my concern 
about the offset. I must do the same thing on this occasion.
  The point I'm making is while I certainly understand why the 
gentleman wants to add the funds that he wants to add, I simply cannot 
continue to buy into the idea that we can take all of these items out 
of administrative budgets. It simply is not responsible. Of course, I 
don't think it is responsible for the White House to claim that this 
bill is underfunded either. These programs are very good programs.
  But Members are going through this elaborate dog and pony show, or 
some would call it cock and bull story, because they are prevented from 
doing what they know should really happen, which is we should be 
expanding some of these programs without gouging others.
  I simply cannot support this amendment and I would not at all urge 
Members to vote for it not because the funding that the gentleman seeks 
isn't worthy, but because the solution that the gentleman lays out 
isn't real, unless you think that we can have agencies run programs 
with no desks and no lights and no phones and no personnel, nobody to 
cut the checks and no policy direction.

                              {time}  1715

  So, with that, I yield back the balance of my time and regretfully 
indicate my opposition to the amendment.
  Mr. WALSH of New York. Madam Chairman, I move to strike the last 
word.
  The CHAIRMAN. The gentleman is recognized for 5 minutes.
  Mr. WALSH of New York. Madam Chairman, I yield time to the 
distinguished gentleman from Michigan (Mr. Ehlers), who has shown such 
great interest and leadership in this issue regarding math and science 
education.
  Mr. EHLERS. Madam Chairman, I thank the gentleman for yielding. I 
have rushed down to the floor to support this amendment, and a little 
history is helpful at this point.
  When No Child Left Behind was written, it removed Eisenhower funding 
from the program. We had been putting in over $400 million per year for 
Eisenhower funding, most of which went to math and science education. I 
had written a formula into the bill as it left the House which put 
Math-Science Education in great shape and maintained roughly the same 
funding that the Eisenhower program had. However, the Senate removed 
that provision, and ever since then we have been funding math and 
science education at considerably lower figures than we did before No 
Child Left Behind was written.
  In this particular bill, the Department of Education has received a 
substantial boost, No Child Left Behind has received a substantial 
boost, but the funding for math and science education has remained 
level, and that just doesn't make sense.
  We know from the statistics and the measurements, and the 
international tests that have been made, that our students are not able 
to compete with students from other countries at the 12th grade high 
school level. We are far behind, and we have made a valiant effort in 
this body to improve that situation.
  I have started the STEM, Science, Technology, Engineering and Math, 
Education Caucus. Well over 100 Members of Congress have joined us 
because they support the need for improving math and science education. 
If we are serious about competing with other countries in innovation 
and development, and getting our manufacturing up to snuff, we have to 
improve our K-12 education, and that is what this amendment is all 
about.
  I very strongly support the amendment, and I urge the body to adopt 
this amendment. With that, I yield back.
  Mr. WALSH of New York. I thank the gentleman.
  Briefly, Madam Chairman, this is a real dilemma. We just cut the 
administrative budget by $125 million for historically black colleges. 
This is another $25 million.
  The need is clearly there. I think the subcommittee's done a good job 
providing funds, but it is a dilemma and I think Members are going to 
have a tough decision to make on this amendment.
  Madam Chairman, I yield back the balance of my time.
  The CHAIRMAN. The question is on the amendment offered by the 
gentleman from New Jersey (Mr. Holt).
  The amendment was rejected.
  The CHAIRMAN. The Clerk will read.
  The Clerk read as follows:

       This title may be cited as the ``Department of Education 
     Appropriations Act, 2008''.

                       TITLE IV--RELATED AGENCIES

 Committee for Purchase From People Who Are Blind or Severely Disabled


                         salaries and expenses

       For expenses necessary of the Committee for Purchase From 
     People Who Are Blind or Severely Disabled established by 
     Public Law 92-28, $4,994,000.

             Corporation for National and Community Service


                           operating expenses

                     (including transfer of funds)

       For necessary expenses for the Corporation for National and 
     Community Service to carry out the Domestic Volunteer Service 
     Act of 1973 (``1973 Act'') (42 U.S.C. 4950 et

[[Page H8050]]

     seq.) and the National and Community Service Act of 1990 
     (``1990 Act'') (42 U.S.C. 12501 et seq.), $768,905,000, of 
     which $313,054,000 is to carry out the 1973 Act and 
     $455,851,000 is to carry out the 1990 Act: Provided, That up 
     to 1 percent of program grant funds may be used to defray the 
     costs of conducting grant application reviews, including the 
     use of outside peer reviewers and electronic management of 
     the grants cycle: Provided further, That none of the funds 
     made available under this heading for activities authorized 
     by section 122 and part E (42 U.S.C. 5028 et seq.) of title 
     II of the 1973 Act shall be used to provide stipends or other 
     monetary incentives to volunteers or volunteer leaders whose 
     incomes exceed 125 percent of the national poverty level: 
     Provided further, That notwithstanding subtitle H of title I 
     of the 1990 Act (42 U.S.C. 12653 et seq.), none of the funds 
     provided for quality and innovation activities shall be used 
     to support salaries and related expenses (including travel) 
     attributable to Corporation for National and Community 
     Service employees: Provided further, That of the amounts 
     provided under this heading: (1) $122,521,000, to remain 
     available until expended, to be transferred to the National 
     Service Trust for educational awards authorized under 
     subtitle D of title I of the 1990 Act: Provided further, That 
     in addition to these funds, the Corporation may transfer 
     funds from the amount provided for AmeriCorps grants under 
     the National Service Trust Program, to the National Service 
     Trust authorized under subtitle D of title I of the 1990 Act 
     (42 U.S.C. 12601 et seq.), upon determination that such 
     transfer is necessary to support the activities of national 
     service participants and after notice is transmitted to the 
     Congress; (2) not more than $55,000,000 of funding provided 
     for grants under the National Service Trust program 
     authorized under subtitle C of title I of the 1990 Act may be 
     used to administer, reimburse, or support any national 
     service program authorized under section 121(d)(2) of such 
     Act (42 U.S.C. 12571(d)(2)); (3) $37,125,000, to remain 
     available until September 30, 2009, shall be for service-
     learning programs authorized under subtitle B of title I of 
     the 1990 Act (42 U.S.C. 12521 et seq.); and (4) $12,000,000 
     shall be to provide assistance to State commissions on 
     national and community service, under 126(a) of the 1990 Act 
     (42 U.S.C. 12576(a)) and notwithstanding 501(a)(4) of the 
     1990 Act (42 U.S.C. 12681(a)(4)).


                Amendment No. 55 Offered by Mr. Shadegg

  Mr. SHADEGG. Madam Chairman, as the designee of the gentleman from 
Texas (Mr. Hensarling), I offer an amendment.
  The CHAIRMAN. The Clerk will designate the amendment.
  Mr. OBEY. Madam Chairman, I ask unanimous consent that the Clerk read 
all amendments so that we know which ones are at the desk. I think both 
the minority and the majority would like to know that.
  The CHAIRMAN. Without objection, the Clerk will report the amendment.
  There was no objection.
  The Clerk read as follows:

       Amendment No. 55 offered by Mr. Shadegg:
       Page 97, line 16, after the first dollar amount, insert 
     ``(reduced by $255,625,000)''.
       Page 97, line 17, after the dollar amount, insert 
     ``(reduced by $255,625,000)''.
       Page 98, line 20, after the dollar amount, insert 
     ``(reduced by $55,000,000)''.

  The CHAIRMAN. Pursuant to the order of the House of today, the 
gentleman from Arizona (Mr. Shadegg) and a Member opposed each will 
control 5 minutes.
  The Chair recognizes the gentleman from Arizona.
  Mr. SHADEGG. Madam Chairwoman, I yield myself 3 minutes.
  Madam Chairwoman, this is an issue with which we're all very 
familiar. We've just heard some interesting debate on the floor here. 
My colleague, Mr. Cooper, offered I think an excellent amendment to 
increase the funding for Historically Black Colleges and made a very 
strong case for that. He noted that he was not able to designate a 
source for that and that it would require $125 million in funds.
  We just discussed the importance of science education and the need 
for funding for that amendment, and the Chairman of the full committee 
has made the point that there simply aren't enough funds to accomplish 
these purposes.
  I would suggest that this amendment is something that we could look 
to find those funds. It strikes funds for the AmeriCorps program, 
saving some $255.6 million. That is double the amount of money needed 
to fund or to plus up the funding for Historically Black Colleges 
requested by Mr. Cooper and, therefore, would leave room for the 
science funding that was just advanced.
  I would suggest that, while well-intentioned, the AmeriCorps program 
simply does not achieve its goal. It has been plagued throughout its 
history with paying volunteers for programs that are inappropriate, and 
I will recite some of those, but more importantly, it denigrates the 
notion of volunteerism.
  This Nation has been known since its inception for its grand 
tradition of volunteerism, going back to Alexis de Toqueville, who 
wrote about America and the volunteers of this Nation. It simply is 
important for Americans to volunteer, and the notion of this program to 
pay young people to volunteer simply makes no sense.
  Let me talk about some of the abuses. AmeriCorps volunteers have been 
paid to lobby against the voter-approved California initiative to put 
violent criminals in prison for life after their third violent crime.
  AmeriCorps volunteers, if you can call them that since they're paid, 
have been paid to disrupt Republican political events while working for 
the liberal advocacy group Acorn. Don't just trust me; it's a fact.
  AmeriCorps volunteers have been paid to press for rent control in 
cities across our Nation.
  AmeriCorps workers, not really volunteers, have also been paid to 
seek expanded Federal housing subsidies and to enroll more people in 
welfare programs.
  Indeed, Citizens Against Government Waste, the watchdog group here in 
Washington, has vigilantly tracked many examples where AmeriCorps funds 
have been abused, and Citizens Against Government Waste issued a report 
saying that AmeriCorps has become a showcase for the waste and abuse 
inherent in many federalized civic sub-enterprises.
  Both private and public investigators have determined that 
AmeriCorps' financial books are unauditable. AmeriCorps' own Inspector 
General years ago documented cases in which recruits received funds for 
working at a McDonald's while being paid for not working at all and for 
working while they were in prison.
  Madam Chairman, I reserve the balance of my time.
  Mr. OBEY. Madam Chairman, I move to strike the last word.
  The CHAIRMAN. The gentleman from Wisconsin is recognized for 5 
minutes.
  Mr. OBEY. Madam Chairman, this is a very simple amendment that I will 
only take 2 minutes to discuss.
  It eliminates all funds for AmeriCorps. It denies opportunities to 
73,000 individuals to earn college assistance awards through serving 
their community.
  It may not suit the gentleman's fancy that these folks volunteer and 
are paid, but I would suggest that it's a whole lot better than having 
people who don't volunteer at all.
  Secondly, the gentleman cites what he considers to be abuses of the 
program. You know, when I looked at the Congress, I've seen abuse by 
Mr. Cunningham, I've seen abuse by Mr. Ney. In the old days, I saw 
abuse by Mr. Hayes, and a few other Members, but you know what, I 
didn't see anybody move to shut down the entire Congress because of the 
abuses of a few idiots. And I would suggest that we ought to apply the 
same standards to AmeriCorps that we apply to the Congress.
  Mr. SHAYS. Madam Chairman, will the gentleman yield?
  Mr. OBEY. I yield to the gentleman from Connecticut.
  Mr. SHAYS. Madam Chairman, I'd like to speak on this amendment. I 
couldn't get to the floor fast enough. I have immense respect for my 
colleague from Arizona, but I think that he has confused the issues in 
a way that's very powerful until you look at it.
  This is a service program, and we're asking young people to serve 
their country. They're given a minimum wage. The last I knew people 
need food and money in order to stay somewhere. To ask an 18- or 19-
year-old young person to serve without having the ability to buy food 
and to live somewhere strikes me as pretty remarkable. I view this as 
service just as I view serving in the military as service.
  This is something they do because they want to be part of a higher 
cause and we designed this program so it wasn't a one-size-fits-all. 
It's not this big government program.
  What we designed this program to do is to allow each of the States to 
create programs through nonprofit organizations and others, and we 
allow the

[[Page H8051]]

States to choose which programs they want to fund. And that means 
you're going to have a lot of good programs and you are going to have 
some bad programs. You're going to have programs that really do a 
terrific job and some programs that don't do a good job.
  I congratulate the former administration for its willingness to 
design a Republican kind of program, a program that has a competitive 
model. You compete for these dollars on the State level, a program that 
allows you to have excellence at the risk of having something that may 
not work well.
  And what my colleague described about the failures of this 
institution doesn't mean we get rid of Congress because of some of the 
jerks that have served here and some of the outrageous things they have 
done. You find out where there are mistakes and you change them. So 
when there is a program that isn't auditable, we made sure that we 
audit these programs.
  I am a Peace Corps volunteer, but I confess that when I served 
overseas, they provided me housing and I confess that when I served 
overseas they provided me money to buy food.
  I was called a Peace Corps volunteer, and the reason why I felt that 
I was a volunteer was I was giving 2 years of my life in service to 
others. I deferred my career to some extent while my wife and I served 
in the Peace Corps and I think Mr. Walsh could say the same thing.
  Americorps is a program that takes 18, 19, 20-year-old kids who may 
never have had work before, gives them an opportunity to have work 
under a mentored program by various nonprofit organizations. You should 
see these kids, the thrill and the excitement that they have in being 
part of this program.
  Mr. SHADEGG. Madam Chairman, parliamentary inquiry.
  The CHAIRMAN. Does the gentleman from Wisconsin yield for an inquiry? 
The gentleman from Wisconsin's time has expired.
  Does the gentleman from Arizona have an inquiry?
  Mr. SHAYS. I have an inquiry. Had his time expired before I was 
interrupted?
  The CHAIRMAN. It had just expired at that time.
  Mr. WALSH of New York. Madam Chairman, I move to strike the last 
word.
  The CHAIRMAN. The gentleman from New York is recognized for 5 
minutes.
  Mr. WALSH of New York. Madam Chairman, I yield to the gentleman from 
Connecticut so he can wrap up. I see Mr. Honda, another Member on his 
feet, who also wants to comment.

                              {time}  1730

  Mr. SHAYS. The bottom line to my point is, you take these young kids 
who in many cases have never had the opportunity to work, who work at a 
minimum wage, are providing a service in the community and are setting 
aside money for their college tuition. There is a stipend given to them 
for schooling. We have programs where we give a Pell Grant to a student 
who doesn't do a darn thing. These young kids have to earn it.
  I would just like my colleague from Arizona to rethink what he has 
said and what he is asking for. I would hope that the gentleman would 
reconsider.
  I thank the gentleman for yielding me the time.
  Mr. WALSH of New York. Madam Chairman, I yield to the gentleman from 
California.
  Mr. HONDA. I appreciate the three speakers here. I think we are all 
ex-Peace Corps volunteers.
  I think the other aspect of AmeriCorps is very much like Peace Corps 
in that we have invested in folks like ourselves, and the return on the 
investment has paid many, many times over a service to our country, a 
service to our community, and I think that the kind of investment that 
we are looking at in AmeriCorps is the same. And the kinds of monies 
that have been spent for us as Peace Corps volunteers was what we call 
subsistence allowance to allow us to be able to do the kind of work we 
do. Coming home, we have been able to share our experiences and fulfill 
the third mandate, and that was to return back home and give back to 
our communities. I suspect that this is the same thing that the young 
people in the AmeriCorps are experiencing.
  It's a great investment of tax dollars.
  Mr. WALSH of New York. I thank the gentleman for his comments.
  I think it's interesting to note that there are three returned Peace 
Corps volunteers here today, one Democrat, two Republicans. In the 
Congress, there are three of each, three Republicans, three Democrats.
  But, more importantly, our appetite for public service was not 
whetted just by Peace Corps. It certainly broadened our lives. I joke 
with people. I never crossed Main Street in Syracuse from the east side 
to the west side until I was 16 years old. I went to college, went into 
the Peace Corps. The world got a lot bigger.
  I have come back, and I have met people in every walk of life who 
were Peace Corps volunteers. I suspect the same will happen with 
AmeriCorps volunteers. In fact, 90 percent, almost 90 percent of former 
AmeriCorps volunteers come back and volunteer on their own. They 
continue to provide, to work in public service. They continue to 
support organizations in their own community. This is a citizen-
building organization. So few of our young people today focus on what 
they can do for their country. This is a great way to get them to focus 
on it.
  It's $250 million, a lot of money, but it's an investment. You hear 
that a lot, but you can see the investment. Whether you agree with our 
politics or not, you can see the investment paid off, in that 
individuals like ourselves from very different backgrounds wound up 
here at the highest level of public service.
  My hope is that this program will continue to produce young Americans 
who are idealistic, but realistic enough to know that they have to work 
hard to serve their community and give back something to their society. 
So I have great respect for my colleague and my friend from Arizona. I 
just strongly disagree. Volunteerism is alive and well because of 
programs like this. We need to maintain it and retain it.
  Madam Chairman, I yield back the balance of my time.
  Mr. SHADEGG. Madam Chairman, I yield myself the balance of my time.
  I honor each of the gentlemen here who were Peace Corps volunteers. I 
recognize that they, indeed, may have been inspired to become pure 
volunteers, unpaid volunteers, as a result of their service in the 
Peace Corps. But I think what is sad about this debate is we haven't 
really discussed the issue I raised.
  My colleague from Connecticut says he is for a program where they are 
paid a stipend to live and how they couldn't volunteer unless they were 
paid some living expense or unless they were paid for some food 
expense. Unfortunately, that's not the structure of the AmeriCorps 
program. The AmeriCorps program we are debating today, and the one that 
I am challenging the funding for and suggesting how funding could be 
better used, provides wages to the AmeriCorps so-called volunteers.
  If we want to create a separate program, I am in favor of that. If we 
want to encourage volunteers by paying them a stipend instead of wages, 
by providing them housing instead of wages, then we might not distort 
the meaning of volunteerism, but we don't do that.
  That's not what this program does. This program pays them wages, and 
as in the example I cited, it pays them wages in some cases to do work 
for which they are being paid, to work at a McDonald's. It seems to me 
that if you want to inspire volunteerism, which I encourage and 
encouraged in my opening remarks, then let's inspire volunteerism.
  If you want to provide a stipend for housing, let's provide a stipend 
for housing. If you want to provide a stipend for meals, let's provide 
a stipend for meals. But don't call wages a stipend for housing or 
meals. These are wages to which these people are paid. I suggest people 
that do volunteer in this country, and there are millions, to set up a 
government program to say the only people that volunteer are people who 
are encouraged to volunteer by being paid to do so diminishes all of us 
and all of the volunteers in this country.
  I wholeheartedly agree that if we want to revise AmeriCorps and make 
it a program which encourages volunteers

[[Page H8052]]

and pays them to volunteer and pays them a stipend for a living, 
including housing and/or food, absolutely. But to pay them wages is 
wrong. I urge my colleagues to support this amendment.
  The CHAIRMAN. The question is on the amendment offered by the 
gentleman from Arizona (Mr. Shadegg).
  The question was taken; and the Chairman announced that the noes 
appeared to have it.
  Mr. SHADEGG. Madam Chairman, I demand a recorded vote.
  The CHAIRMAN. Pursuant to clause 6 of rule XVIII, further proceedings 
on the amendment offered by the gentleman from Arizona will be 
postponed.
  The Clerk will read.
  The Clerk read as follows:


                         salaries and expenses

       For necessary expenses of administration as provided under 
     section 501(a)(4) of the National and Community Service Act 
     of 1990 (42 U.S.C. 12681 (a)(4)) and under section 504(a) of 
     the Domestic Volunteer Service Act of 1973 (42 U.S.C. 
     5084(a)), including payment of salaries, authorized travel, 
     hire of passenger motor vehicles, the rental of conference 
     rooms in the District of Columbia, the employment of experts 
     and consultants authorized under section 3109 of title 5, 
     United States Code, and not to exceed $2,500 for official 
     reception and representation expenses, $68,964,000.


                      office of inspector general

       For necessary expenses of the Office of Inspector General 
     in carrying out the Inspector General Act of 1978 (5 U.S.C. 
     App.), $5,512,000, to remain available until September 30, 
     2008.


                       administrative provisions

       Sec. 401. Notwithstanding any other provision of law, the 
     term ``qualified student loan'' with respect to national 
     service education awards shall mean any loan determined by an 
     institution of higher education to be necessary to cover a 
     student's cost of attendance at such institution and made, 
     insured, or guaranteed directly to a student by a State 
     agency, in addition to other meanings under section 148(b)(7) 
     of the National and Community Service Act of 1990 (42 U.S.C. 
     12604 (b)(7)).
       Sec. 402. Notwithstanding any other provision of law, funds 
     made available under section 129(d)(5)(B) of the National and 
     Community Service Act of 1990 (42 U.S.C. 12581(d)(5)(B)) to 
     assist entities in placing applicants who are individuals 
     with disabilities may be provided to any entity that receives 
     a grant under section 121 of the Act (42 U.S.C. 12571).
       Sec. 403. The Inspector General of the Corporation for 
     National and Community Service shall conduct random audits of 
     the grantees that administer activities under the AmeriCorps 
     programs and shall levy sanctions in accordance with standard 
     Inspector General audit resolution procedures which include, 
     but are not limited to, debarment of any grantee (or 
     successor in interest or any entity with substantially the 
     same person or persons in control) that has been determined 
     to have committed any substantial violation of the 
     requirements of the AmeriCorps programs, including any 
     grantee that has been determined to have violated the 
     prohibition of using Federal funds to lobby the Congress: 
     Provided, That the Inspector General shall obtain 
     reimbursements in the amount of any misused funds from any 
     grantee that has been determined to have committed any 
     substantial violation of the requirements of the AmeriCorps 
     programs.
       Sec. 404. The Corporation for National and Community 
     Service shall make any significant changes to program 
     requirements or policy only through public notice and comment 
     rulemaking. For fiscal year 2008, during any grant selection 
     process, an officer or employee of the Corporation shall not 
     knowingly disclose any covered grant selection information 
     regarding such selection, directly or indirectly, to any 
     person other than an officer or employee of the Corporation 
     that is authorized by the Corporation to receive such 
     information.
       Sec. 405. Professional Corps programs described in section 
     122(a)(8) of the National and Community Service Act of 1990 
     (42 U.S.C. 12572(a)(8)) may apply to the Corporation for a 
     waiver of application of section 140(c)(2) (42 U.S.C. 
     12594(c)(2)).
       Sec. 406. Notwithstanding section 1342 of title 31, United 
     States Code, the Corporation may solicit and accept the 
     services of organizations and individuals (other than 
     participants) to assist the Corporation in carrying out the 
     duties of the Corporation under the national service laws: 
     Provided, That an individual who provides services under this 
     section shall be subject to the same protections and 
     limitations as volunteers under section 196(a) of the 
     National and Community Service Act of 1990 (42 U.S.C. 
     12651g(a)).
       Sec. 407. Organizations operating projects under the 
     AmeriCorps Education Awards Program shall do so without 
     regard to the requirements of sections 121(d) and (e) (42 
     U.S.C. 12571(d) and (e)), 131(e) (42 U.S.C. 12583(e)), 132 
     (42 U.S.C. 12584), and 140(a), (d), and (e)(42 U.S.C. 
     12594(a), (d), and (e)) of the National and Community Service 
     Act of 1990.
       Sec. 408. AmeriCorps programs receiving grants under the 
     National Service Trust program shall meet an overall minimum 
     share requirement of 24 percent for the first three years 
     that they receive AmeriCorps funding, and thereafter shall 
     meet the overall minimum share requirement as provided in 
     section 2521.60 of title 45, Code of Federal Regulations, 
     without regard to the operating costs match requirement in 
     section 121(e) (42 U.S.C. 12571(e)) or the member support 
     Federal share limitations in section 140 (42 U.S.C. 12594) of 
     the National and Community Service Act of 1990, and subject 
     to partial waiver consistent with section 2521.70 of title 
     45, Code of Federal Regulations.

                  Corporation for Public Broadcasting

       For payment to the Corporation for Public Broadcasting, as 
     authorized by the Communications Act of 1934, an amount which 
     shall be available within limitations specified by that Act, 
     for the fiscal year 2010, $420,000,000: Provided, That no 
     funds made available to the Corporation for Public 
     Broadcasting by this Act shall be used to pay for receptions, 
     parties, or similar forms of entertainment for Government 
     officials or employees: Provided further, That none of the 
     funds contained in this paragraph shall be available or used 
     to aid or support any program or activity from which any 
     person is excluded, or is denied benefits, or is 
     discriminated against, on the basis of race, color, national 
     origin, religion, or sex: Provided further, That no funds 
     made available to the Corporation for Public Broadcasting by 
     this Act shall be used to apply any political test or 
     qualification in selecting, appointing, promoting, or taking 
     any other personnel action with respect to officers, agents, 
     and employees of the Corporation: Provided further, That for 
     fiscal year 2008, in addition to the amounts provided above, 
     $29,700,000 shall be for costs related to digital program 
     production, development, and distribution, associated with 
     the transition of public broadcasting to digital 
     broadcasting, to be awarded as determined by the Corporation 
     in consultation with public radio and television licensees or 
     permittees, or their designated representatives: Provided 
     further, That for fiscal year 2008, in addition to the 
     amounts provided above, $26,750,000 is available pursuant to 
     section 396(k)(10) of the Communications Act of 1934 for 
     replacement and upgrade of the public radio interconnection 
     system: Provided further, That none of the funds made 
     available to the Corporation for Public Broadcasting by this 
     Act, the Continuing Appropriations Resolution, 2007 (Public 
     Law 110-5), or the Departments of Labor, Health and Human 
     Services, and Education, and Related Agencies Appropriations 
     Act, 2006 (Public Law 109-149), shall be used to support the 
     Television Future Fund or any similar purpose.


                Amendment No. 56 Offered by Mr. Lamborn

  Mr. LAMBORN. Madam Chairman, as the designee of Mr. Hensarling, I 
offer an amendment.
  The CHAIRMAN. The Clerk will designate the amendment.
  The text of the amendment is as follows:

       Amendment No. 56 offered by Mr. Lamborn:
       Page 103, strike line 7 and all that follows through the 
     comma on page 104, line 12.

  The CHAIRMAN. Pursuant to the order of the House of today, the 
gentleman from Colorado (Mr. Lamborn) and a Member opposed each will 
control 5 minutes.
  The Chair recognizes the gentleman from Colorado.
  Mr. LAMBORN. Madam Chairman, today I rise to offer an amendment that 
recognizes the difficult fiscal situation facing our government. The 
Labor-HHS appropriations bill comes in at $7 billion over last year's 
level and $10.8 billion over the President's request.
  As I have and others have said during this process, taxpayers are 
being asked to pay more in taxes because Congress is not willing to 
make hard choices and balance our spending with our income.
  In fact, my Democratic colleagues feel it is necessary to burden the 
American taxpayer with the largest tax increase in history in order to 
fund these out-of-control and runaway spending bills. This amendment, 
in particular, would make the tough choice of maintaining fiscal 
prudence by eliminating funding in the bill for the Corporation for 
Public Broadcasting, saving $420 million for the taxpayer.
  The President, in his budget request, asked for zero. The most recent 
appropriation a year ago was for $400 million.
  Now, the Corporation for Public Broadcasting gets 85 percent of its 
budget from sources other than this Federal budget, so only 15 percent 
of its budget is reliant on what is appropriated here.
  Also, the appropriation is made 2 years in advance. That's a curious 
situation. I don't know if it applies to very many other sectors in our 
budget, but with a 2-year advance notice, the corporation would have 
plenty of time to make the adjustments necessary to adjust to the 
zeroing out of this budget amount.

[[Page H8053]]

  Now, where could this money be made up from if the corporation needs 
that extra funding? There are many sources that it has available. It is 
very successful in its type of programming, for the most part. I 
believe that through further corporate sponsorship and commercial 
sponsorship, through using the popular programming like Sesame Street 
to generate some income like we do in the free market of our economy, 
that 15 percent could easily be made up.
  Lastly, let me make the constitutional argument, I see in the 
Constitution that there are enumerated powers that our Federal 
Government is supposed to be doing. The Federal Government is supposed 
to provide for the common defense. The Federal Government is supposed 
to regulate interstate commerce, coin money, do the U.S. mail, and 
there are things like that, but I don't see providing entertainment as 
part of our constitutional powers and responsibilities that the Federal 
Government is supposed to do.
  Hollywood is plenty good at doing that and other sectors of the 
private part of our economy. I just don't think that that's the Federal 
role for government, especially when the American taxpayer is being 
asked in this budget process that we're going through right now to come 
up with deficit spending.
  Already, the appropriations bills that have come before this House 
are $20 billion over what the President has asked, and we are looking 
at a large deficit in the next year as a result.
  I ask that this amendment be adopted.
  Madam Chairman, I reserve the balance of my time.
  Mr. OBEY. Madam Chairman, I rise in opposition to the amendment.
  The CHAIRMAN. The gentleman from Wisconsin is recognized for 5 
minutes.
  Mr. OBEY. Madam Chairman, what this amendment does is eliminate all 
of the funds for the Corporation for Public Broadcasting. I think that 
would be a very ill-advised thing to do. This Congress has spoken on 
funding for that organization many times. It has had strong support, 
often bipartisan support.
  The gentleman complains about the fact that it is advance funded. It 
is advance funded for two reasons: number one, so that you can assure 
some kind of political independence from political pressure, and, 
secondly, because programmers need advance time in order to plan their 
programming.
  The advance funding concept was begun 31 years ago by that notorious 
big spender Jerry Ford when he was President, my good friend, my good 
buddy.
  If this amendment passes, 1,150 public radio and TV stations will be 
hurt. That will fall especially hard on rural stations. I don't think 
that's a good idea. I don't think we ought to do anything that would 
lead us 1 inch more toward a world in which the only kind of news we 
got was from the commercial stations feeding us the lately breathless 
news about Britney Spears, Donald Trump and Rosie O'Donnell. I would 
like to see a little bit better than that, and I think we get it from 
public broadcasting.
  As far as the gentleman talking about taxes, we have seen Republican 
after Republican march down here like good little young Republicans in 
their college days repeating their mantra about taxes when this bill 
has nothing to do with taxes. They are all dutifully parroting their 
words like the Chinese used to do from Mao's Little Red Book. It's no 
more impressive now than it was then.
  Let me just simply say that for someone to support spending $600 
billion on the war in Iraq and spend $57 billion in tax cuts for 
millionaires and then somehow to suggest that the 2 percent difference 
in this bill between the President and us somehow has something to do 
with fiscal irresponsibility is a joke. The American people know it, 
and so do the Members of this House.
  I yield to the gentleman from Oregon.

                              {time}  1745

  Mr. BLUMENAUER. I appreciate the gentleman's eloquence and his 
courtesy in allowing me to speak on this. And he is absolutely right; 
there has been a longstanding process of advanced funding to give our 
public broadcasting stations the ability to move forward.
  He talks about it only being 15 percent of the budget. That 15 
percent of the budget is critical, particularly for small and rural 
areas. There will always be public broadcasting in Denver or San 
Francisco or New York, but this money, these grants speak to the very 
heart of the ability to deal with sparsely populated areas from coast 
to coast. These are the people that would be punished if this ill-
advised amendment were passed.
  And, last but not least, he advances the notion that somehow this is 
just providing entertainment. I would strongly suggest that the 
gentleman offering this amendment go visit his public broadcasting 
system, because you will find that it is not just entertainment. Public 
broadcasting is culture, it is education, it is public safety. Indeed, 
this is the backbone in many parts of the country of emergency 
communications network. The notion that somehow this is only Big Bird 
and entertainment, and all we have got to do is commercialize public 
broadcasting more, misses the essence of why we have broad bipartisan 
support for public broadcasting.
  I strongly urge rejection of this ill-advised amendment on behalf of 
110 bipartisan members of the Public Broadcasting Caucus, over 100 of 
whom signed the letter to the appropriators supporting this budget. It 
is the 15 percent that is most critical for rural America. It is the 
advanced funding that provides the stability for things like the Ken 
Burns commentary. And it is not about just providing entertainment, it 
is education, it is culture, it is public safety. Public broadcasting 
is providing a voice for America, a noncommercial independent voice 
that is too often sadly lacking. It isn't available anyplace else in 
the gazillion channels on our cable networks.
  And I appreciate the gentleman's courtesy.
  Mr. OBEY. I yield back the balance of my time.
  Mr. LAMBORN. Madam Chairman, how much time is left?
  The CHAIRMAN. The gentleman has 90 seconds.
  Mr. LAMBORN. I yield 30 seconds to the gentleman from Texas, 
Representative Gohmert.
  Mr. GOHMERT. Madam Chairman, I would like to address one thing very 
quickly that the chairman used. I could probably ask that his words be 
taken down. But to accuse us of parroting as Mao's little underlings 
did is offensive, and it reminds me of one of my mother's favorite 
expressions: I believe we have got the pot calling the kettle black.
  Mr. LAMBORN. Madam Chairman, I also wanted to say that I serve on the 
Veterans' Affairs Committee, and we struggle over there with budget 
needs for our veterans, both those who are in conflict now and will 
soon become veterans, those going back as far as World War II, and this 
$420 million would go a long way toward helping our veterans.
  I am not saying that the Corporation for Public Broadcasting should 
suffer. They can turn around and find corporate sponsorship, commercial 
opportunities. They could easily make up for that in the free market; 
and they are successful, and they would easily do that.
  So I just say that this funding should not be the responsibility of 
the American taxpayer.
  Mr. WALSH of New York. Madam Chairman, I move to strike the last 
word.
  The CHAIRMAN. The gentleman is recognized for 5 minutes.
  Mr. WALSH of New York. I rise in opposition to the amendment.
  Madam Chairman, we have been down this road before. I believe public 
television has an important role to play both culturally and, more 
importantly, educationally. And as my colleague from Oregon mentioned, 
this is an essential and growing aspect of our public safety system and 
our ability to communicate.
  In Rochester, New York, WXXI is using its digital signal to provide a 
network for local public service organizations, public safety 
organizations, first responders, not only for communication but for 
training, and also to help in coordinating large-scale emergency 
activities so that everyone is communicating within the same network 
and on the same bandwidth. So it is a very flexible system.

[[Page H8054]]

  I have had my issues with the Corporation for Public Broadcasting. I 
had a very serious disagreement with them over the publication of what 
I thought was a very important movie regarding the lack of response by 
moderate Muslims to the radical Islamic fundamentalist zealots who are 
around the world today. The story I thought was a very well-told story, 
and it wasn't resolved certainly in my favor and in my view. But that 
aside, this would be a mistake to support this amendment, and for other 
reasons I oppose the amendment.
  I yield back the balance of my time.
  The CHAIRMAN. The question is on the amendment offered by the 
gentleman from Colorado (Mr. Lamborn).
  The question was taken; and the Chairman announced that the noes 
appeared to have it.
  Mr. LAMBORN. Madam Chairman, I demand a recorded vote.
  The CHAIRMAN. Pursuant to clause 6 of rule XVIII, further proceedings 
on the amendment offered by the gentleman from Colorado will be 
postponed.
  The Clerk will read.
  The Clerk read as follows:

               Federal Mediation And Conciliation Service


                         salaries and expenses

       For expenses necessary for the Federal Mediation and 
     Conciliation Service to carry out the functions vested in it 
     by the Labor Management Relations Act of 1947 (29 U.S.C. et 
     seq.), including hire of passenger motor vehicles; for 
     expenses necessary for the Labor-Management Cooperation Act 
     of 1978 (29 U.S.C. 175a); and for expenses necessary for the 
     Service to carry out the functions vested in it by the Civil 
     Service Reform Act (5 U.S.C. chapter 71), $44,450,000, 
     including $650,000 to remain available through September 30, 
     2009, for activities authorized by the Labor-Management 
     Cooperation Act of 1978 (29 U.S.C. 175a): Provided, That 
     notwithstanding section 3302 of title 31, United States Code, 
     fees charged, up to full-cost recovery, for special training 
     activities and other conflict resolution services and 
     technical assistance, including those provided to foreign 
     governments and international organizations, and for 
     arbitration services shall be credited to and merged with 
     this account, and shall remain available until expended: 
     Provided further, That fees for arbitration services shall be 
     available only for education, training, and professional 
     development of the agency workforce: Provided further, That 
     the Director of the Service is authorized to accept and use 
     on behalf of the United States gifts of services and real, 
     personal, or other property in the aid of any projects or 
     functions within the Director's jurisdiction.

            Federal Mine Safety and Health Review Commission


                         salaries and expenses

       For expenses necessary for the Federal Mine Safety and 
     Health Review Commission (30 U.S.C. 801 et seq.), $8,096,000.

                Institute of Museum and Library Services


    office of museum and library services: grants and administration

       For carrying out the Museum and Library Services Act (20 
     U.S.C. 9101 et seq.), and the National Museum of African 
     American History and Culture Act (20 U.S.C. 80 et seq.), 
     $264,812,000, to remain available until September 30, 2008.

                  Medicare Payment Advisory Commission


                         salaries and expenses

       For expenses necessary to carry out section 1805 of the 
     Social Security Act (42 U.S.C. 1395b-6), $10,748,000, to be 
     transferred to this appropriation from the Federal Hospital 
     Insurance and the Federal Supplementary Medical Insurance 
     Trust Funds.

                     National Council on Disability


                         salaries and expenses

       For expenses necessary for the National Council on 
     Disability as authorized by title IV of the Rehabilitation 
     Act of 1973, $3,113,000.

                     National Labor Relations Board


                         salaries and expenses

       For expenses necessary for the National Labor Relations 
     Board to carry out the functions vested in it by the Labor-
     Management Relations Act of 1947 (29 U.S.C. 141-167 et seq.), 
     Equal Access to Justice Act, Fair Labor Standards Act, 
     Government in the Sunshine Act, Postal Service Reorganization 
     Act, Freedom of Information Act, and the Privacy Act, 
     $256,988,000: Provided, That none of the funds available 
     under this Act available to organize or assist in organizing 
     agricultural laborers or used in connection with 
     investigations, hearings, directives, or orders concerning 
     bargaining units composed of agricultural laborers as 
     referred to in section 2(3) of the Act of July 5, 1935 (29 
     U.S.C. 152 (3)), and as amended by the Labor-Management 
     Relations Act, 1947, and as defined in section 3(f) of the 
     Act of June 25, 1938 (29 U.S.C. 203(f)), and including in 
     such definition employees engaged in the maintenance and 
     operation of ditches, canals, reservoirs, and waterways when 
     maintained or operated on a mutual, nonprofit basis and at 
     least 95 percent of the water stored or supplied thereby is 
     used for farming purposes.

                        National Mediation Board


                         salaries and expenses

       For expenses necessary to carry out the provisions of the 
     Railway Labor Act (45 U.S.C. 151 et seq.), including 
     emergency boards appointed by the President, $12,992,000, of 
     which $750,000 shall be for arbitrator salaries and expenses 
     pursuant to section 153(1).

            Occupational Safety and Health Review Commission


                         salaries and expenses

       For expenses necessary for the Occupational Safety and 
     Health Review Commission (29 U.S.C. 661), $10,696,000.

                       Railroad Retirement Board


                     dual benefits payments account

       For payment to the Dual Benefits Payments Account, 
     authorized under section 15(d) of the Railroad Retirement Act 
     of 1974 (45 U.S.C. 231n (d)), $79,000,000, which shall 
     include amounts becoming available in fiscal year 2008 
     pursuant to section 224(c)(1)(B) of Public Law 98-76 (45 
     U.S.C. 231n note); and in addition, an amount, not to exceed 
     2 percent of the amount provided herein, shall be available 
     proportional to the amount by which the product of recipients 
     and the average benefit received exceeds the amount available 
     for payment of vested dual benefits: Provided, That the total 
     amount provided herein shall be credited in 12 approximately 
     equal amounts on the first day of each month in the fiscal 
     year.


          federal payments to the railroad retirement accounts

       For payment to the accounts established in the Treasury for 
     the payment of benefits under the Railroad Retirement Act for 
     interest earned on unnegotiated checks, $150,000, to remain 
     available through September 30, 2009, which shall be the 
     maximum amount available for payment pursuant to section 417 
     of Public Law 98-76 (45 U.S.C. 231n note).


                      limitation on administration

       For necessary expenses for the Railroad Retirement Board 
     for administration of the Railroad Retirement Act (45 U.S.C. 
     231 et seq.) and the Railroad Unemployment Insurance Act (45 
     U.S.C. 351 et seq.), $103,694,000, to be derived in such 
     amounts as determined by the Board from the railroad 
     retirement accounts and from moneys credited to the railroad 
     unemployment insurance administration fund.


             limitation on the office of inspector general

       For expenses necessary for the Office of Inspector General 
     for audit, investigatory and review activities, as authorized 
     by the Inspector General Act of 1978 (5 U.S.C. appendix), not 
     more than $7,606,000, to be derived from the railroad 
     retirement accounts and railroad unemployment insurance 
     account.

                     Social Security Administration


                payments to social security trust funds

       For payment to the Federal Old-Age and Survivors Insurance 
     Trust Fund and the Federal Disability Insurance Trust Fund, 
     as provided under sections 201(m), 217(g), 228(g), and 
     1131(b)(2) of the Social Security Act (42 U.S.C. 401(m), 
     417(g), 428(g), and 1320b-1(b)(2)), $28,140,000.


                  supplemental security income program

       For carrying out titles XI and XVI of the Social Security 
     Act (42 U.S.C. 1301 et seq., 1381 et seq.), section 401 of 
     Public Law 92-603, section 212 of Public Law 93-66, as 
     amended, and section 405 of Public Law 95-216, including 
     payment to the Social Security trust funds for administrative 
     expenses incurred pursuant to section 201(g)(1) of the Social 
     Security Act (42 U.S.C. 401(g)(1)), $26,948,525,000, to 
     remain available until expended: Provided, That any portion 
     of the funds provided to a State in the current fiscal year 
     and not obligated by the State during that year shall be 
     returned to the Treasury.
       For making, after June 15 of the current fiscal year, 
     benefit payments to individuals under title XVI of the Social 
     Security Act (42 U.S.C. 1381 et seq.), for unanticipated 
     costs incurred for the current fiscal year, such sums as may 
     be necessary.
       For making benefit payments under title XVI of the Social 
     Security Act (42 U.S.C. 1381 et seq.) for the first quarter 
     of fiscal year 2009, $14,800,000,000, to remain available 
     until expended.


                 limitation on administrative expenses

       For necessary expenses, including the hire of two passenger 
     motor vehicles, and not to exceed $15,000 for official 
     reception and representation expenses, not more than 
     $9,347,953,000 may be expended, as authorized by section 
     201(g)(1) of the Social Security Act (42 U.S.C. 401(g)(1)), 
     from any one or all of the trust funds referred to therein: 
     Provided, That not less than $2,000,000 shall be for the 
     Social Security Advisory Board: Provided further, That 
     unobligated balances of funds provided under this paragraph 
     at the end of fiscal year 2008 not needed for fiscal year 
     2008 shall remain available until expended to invest in the 
     Social Security Administration information technology and 
     telecommunications hardware and software infrastructure, 
     including related equipment and non-payroll administrative 
     expenses associated solely with this information technology 
     and telecommunications infrastructure: Provided further, That 
     reimbursement to the trust funds under this heading for 
     expenditures for official time for employees of the Social 
     Security Administration pursuant to section 7131 of title 5, 
     United States Code,

[[Page H8055]]

     and for facilities or support services for labor 
     organizations pursuant to policies, regulations, or 
     procedures referred to in section 7135(b) of such title shall 
     be made by the Secretary of the Treasury, with interest, from 
     amounts in the general fund not otherwise appropriated, as 
     soon as possible after such expenditures are made.
       From funds provided under the first paragraph, not less 
     than $263,970,000 shall be available for conducting 
     continuing disability reviews under title II and XVI of the 
     Social Security Act (42 U.S.C. 401 et seq., 1381 et seq.) and 
     for conducting redeterminations of eligibility under title 
     XVI of the Social Security Act (42 U.S.C. 1381 et seq.).
       In addition to amounts made available above, and subject to 
     the same terms and conditions, $213,000,000, for additional 
     continuing disability reviews and redeterminations of 
     eligibility.
       In addition, $135,000,000 to be derived from administration 
     fees in excess of $5.00 per supplementary payment collected 
     pursuant to section 1616(d) of the Social Security Act (42 
     U.S.C. 1382e(d)) or section 212(b)(3) of Public Law 93-66, 
     which shall remain available until expended. To the extent 
     that the amounts collected pursuant to such sections in 
     fiscal year 2008 exceed $135,000,000, the amounts shall be 
     available in fiscal year 2009 only to the extent provided in 
     advance in appropriations Acts.
       In addition, up to $1,000,000 to be derived from fees 
     collected pursuant to section 303(c) of the Social Security 
     Protection Act (Public Law 108-203), which shall remain 
     available until expended.


                      office of inspector general

                     (including transfer of funds)

       For expenses necessary for the Office of Inspector General 
     in carrying out the provisions of the Inspector General Act 
     of 1978 (5 U.S.C. App.), $27,000,000, together with not to 
     exceed $68,047,000, to be transferred and expended as 
     authorized by section 201(g)(1) of the Social Security Act 
     (42 U.S.C. 401(g)(1)) from the Federal Old-Age and Survivors 
     Insurance Trust Fund and the Federal Disability Insurance 
     Trust Fund.
       In addition, an amount not to exceed 3 percent of the total 
     provided in this appropriation may be transferred from the 
     ``Limitation on Administrative Expenses'', Social Security 
     Administration, to be merged with this account, to be 
     available for the time and purposes for which this account is 
     available: Provided, That notice of such transfers shall be 
     transmitted promptly to the Committees on Appropriations of 
     the House of Representatives and the Senate.

                      TITLE V--GENERAL PROVISIONS

       Sec. 501. The Secretaries of Labor, Health and Human 
     Services, and Education are authorized to transfer unexpended 
     balances of prior appropriations to accounts corresponding to 
     current appropriations provided in this Act. Such transferred 
     balances shall be used for the same purpose, and for the same 
     periods of time, for which they were originally appropriated.
       Sec. 502. No part of any appropriation contained in this 
     Act shall remain available for obligation beyond the current 
     fiscal year unless expressly so provided herein.
       Sec. 503. (a) No part of any appropriation contained in 
     this Act shall be used, other than for normal and recognized 
     executive-legislative relationships, for publicity or 
     propaganda purposes, for the preparation, distribution, or 
     use of any kit, pamphlet, booklet, publication, radio, 
     television, or video presentation designed to support or 
     defeat legislation pending before the Congress or any State 
     legislature, except in presentation to the Congress or any 
     State legislature itself.
       (b) No part of any appropriation contained in this Act 
     shall be used to pay the salary or expenses of any grant or 
     contract recipient, or agent acting for such recipient, 
     related to any activity designed to influence legislation or 
     appropriations pending before the Congress or any State 
     legislature.
       Sec. 504. The Secretaries of Labor and Education are 
     authorized to make available not to exceed $28,000 and 
     $20,000, respectively, from funds available for salaries and 
     expenses under titles I and III, respectively, for official 
     reception and representation expenses; the Director of the 
     Federal Mediation and Conciliation Service is authorized to 
     make available for official reception and representation 
     expenses not to exceed $5,000 from the funds available for 
     ``Federal Mediation and Conciliation Service, Salaries and 
     expenses''; and the Chairman of the National Mediation Board 
     is authorized to make available for official reception and 
     representation expenses not to exceed $5,000 from funds 
     available for ``National Mediation Board, Salaries and 
     expenses''.
       Sec. 505. Notwithstanding any other provision of this Act, 
     no funds appropriated in this Act shall be used to carry out 
     any program of distributing sterile needles or syringes for 
     the hypodermic injection of any illegal drug.
       Sec. 506. When issuing statements, press releases, requests 
     for proposals, bid solicitations and other documents 
     describing projects or programs funded in whole or in part 
     with Federal money, all grantees receiving Federal funds 
     included in this Act, including but not limited to State and 
     local governments and recipients of Federal research grants, 
     shall clearly state--
       (1) the percentage of the total costs of the program or 
     project which will be financed with Federal money;
       (2) the dollar amount of Federal funds for the project or 
     program; and
       (3) percentage and dollar amount of the total costs of the 
     project or program that will be financed by non-governmental 
     sources.
       Sec. 507. (a) None of the funds appropriated in this Act, 
     and none of the funds in any trust fund to which funds are 
     appropriated in this Act, shall be expended for any abortion.
       (b) None of the funds appropriated in this Act, and none of 
     the funds in any trust fund to which funds are appropriated 
     in this Act, shall be expended for health benefits coverage 
     that includes coverage of abortion.
       (c) The term ``health benefits coverage'' means the package 
     of services covered by a managed care provider or 
     organization pursuant to a contract or other arrangement.
       Sec. 508. (a) The limitations established in the preceding 
     section shall not apply to an abortion--
       (1) if the pregnancy is the result of an act of rape or 
     incest; or
       (2) in the case where a woman suffers from a physical 
     disorder, physical injury, or physical illness, including a 
     life-endangering physical condition caused by or arising from 
     the pregnancy itself, that would, as certified by a 
     physician, place the woman in danger of death unless an 
     abortion is performed.
       (b) Nothing in the preceding section shall be construed as 
     prohibiting the expenditure by a State, locality, entity, or 
     private person of State, local, or private funds (other than 
     a State's or locality's contribution of Medicaid matching 
     funds).
       (c) Nothing in the preceding section shall be construed as 
     restricting the ability of any managed care provider from 
     offering abortion coverage or the ability of a State or 
     locality to contract separately with such a provider for such 
     coverage with State funds (other than a State's or locality's 
     contribution of Medicaid matching funds).
       (d)(1) None of the funds made available in this Act may be 
     made available to a Federal agency or program, or to a State 
     or local government, if such agency, program, or government 
     subjects any institutional or individual health care entity 
     to discrimination on the basis that the health care entity 
     does not provide, pay for, provide coverage of, or refer for 
     abortions.
       (2) In this subsection, the term ``health care entity'' 
     includes an individual physician or other health care 
     professional, a hospital, a provider-sponsored organization, 
     a health maintenance organization, a health insurance plan, 
     or any other kind of health care facility, organization, or 
     plan.
       Sec. 509. (a) None of the funds made available in this Act 
     may be used for--
       (1) the creation of a human embryo or embryos for research 
     purposes; or
       (2) research in which a human embryo or embryos are 
     destroyed, discarded, or knowingly subjected to risk of 
     injury or death greater than that allowed for research on 
     fetuses in utero under section 46.204(b) of title 45, Code of 
     Federal Regulations, and section 498(b) of the Public Health 
     Service Act (42 U.S.C. 289g(b)).
       (b) For purposes of this section, the term ``human embryo 
     or embryos'' includes any organism, not protected as a human 
     subject under part 46 of title 45, Code of Federal 
     Regulations, as of the date of the enactment of this Act, 
     that is derived by fertilization, parthenogenesis, cloning, 
     or any other means from one or more human gametes or human 
     diploid cells.
       Sec. 510. (a) None of the funds made available in this Act 
     may be used for any activity that promotes the legalization 
     of any drug or other substance included in schedule I of the 
     schedules of controlled substances established under section 
     202 of the Controlled Substances Act (21 U.S.C. 812) except 
     for normal and recognized executive-congressional 
     communications.
       (b) The limitation in subsection (a) shall not apply when 
     there is significant medical evidence of a therapeutic 
     advantage to the use of such drug or other substance or that 
     federally sponsored clinical trials are being conducted to 
     determine therapeutic advantage.
       Sec. 511. None of the funds made available in this Act may 
     be used to promulgate or adopt any final standard under 
     section 1173(b) of the Social Security Act (42 U.S.C. 1320d-
     2(b)) providing for, or providing for the assignment of, a 
     unique health identifier for an individual (except in an 
     individual's capacity as an employer or a health care 
     provider), until legislation is enacted specifically 
     approving the standard.
       Sec. 512. None of the funds made available in this Act may 
     be obligated or expended to enter into or renew a contract 
     with an entity if--
       (1) such entity is otherwise a contractor with the United 
     States and is subject to the requirement in section 4212(d) 
     of title 38, United States Code, regarding submission of an 
     annual report to the Secretary of Labor concerning employment 
     of certain veterans; and
       (2) such entity has not submitted a report as required by 
     that section for the most recent year for which such 
     requirement was applicable to such entity.
       Sec. 513. None of the funds made available in this Act may 
     be transferred to any department, agency, or instrumentality 
     of the United States Government, except pursuant to a 
     transfer made by, or transfer authority provided in, this Act 
     or any other appropriation Act.
       Sec. 514. None of the funds made available by this Act to 
     carry out the Library Services and Technology Act may be made 
     available

[[Page H8056]]

     to any library covered by paragraph (1) of section 224(f) of 
     such Act (20 U.S.C. 9134(f)), as amended by the Children's 
     Internet Protection Act, unless such library has made the 
     certifications required by paragraph (4) of such section.
       Sec. 515. None of the funds made available by this Act to 
     carry out part D of title II of the Elementary and Secondary 
     Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 2401 et seq.) may be made 
     available to any elementary or secondary school covered by 
     paragraph (1) of section 2441(a) of such Act (20 U.S.C. 
     6777(a)), as amended by the Children's Internet Protection 
     Act and the No Child Left Behind Act, unless the local 
     educational agency with responsibility for such covered 
     school has made the certifications required by paragraph (2) 
     of such section.
       Sec. 516. (a) None of the funds provided under this Act, or 
     provided under previous appropriations Acts to the agencies 
     funded by this Act that remain available for obligation or 
     expenditure in fiscal year 2008, or provided from any 
     accounts in the Treasury of the United States derived by the 
     collection of fees available to the agencies funded by this 
     Act, shall be available for obligation or expenditure through 
     a reprogramming of funds that--
       (1) creates new programs;
       (2) eliminates a program, project, or activity;
       (3) increases funds or personnel by any means for any 
     project or activity for which funds have been denied or 
     restricted;
       (4) relocates an office or employees;
       (5) reorganizes or renames offices;
       (6) reorganizes programs or activities; or
       (7) contracts out or privatizes any functions or activities 
     presently performed by Federal employees;
     unless the Committees on Appropriations of the House of 
     Representatives and the Senate are notified 15 days in 
     advance of such reprogramming or of an announcement of intent 
     relating to such reprogramming, whichever occurs earlier.
       (b) None of the funds provided under this Act, or provided 
     under previous appropriations Acts to the agencies funded by 
     this Act that remain available for obligation or expenditure 
     in fiscal year 2008, or provided from any accounts in the 
     Treasury of the United States derived by the collection of 
     fees available to the agencies funded by this Act, shall be 
     available for obligation or expenditure through a 
     reprogramming of funds in excess of $500,000 or 10 percent, 
     whichever is less, that--
       (1) augments existing programs, projects (including 
     construction projects), or activities;
       (2) reduces by 10 percent funding for any existing program, 
     project, or activity, or numbers of personnel by 10 percent 
     as approved by Congress; or
       (3) results from any general savings from a reduction in 
     personnel which would result in a change in existing 
     programs, activities, or projects as approved by Congress;
     unless the Committees on Appropriations of the House of 
     Representatives and the Senate are notified 15 days in 
     advance of such reprogramming or of an announcement of intent 
     relating to such reprogramming, whichever occurs earlier.
       Sec. 517. (a) None of the funds made available in this Act 
     may be used to request that a candidate for appointment to a 
     Federal scientific advisory committee disclose the political 
     affiliation or voting history of the candidate or the 
     position that the candidate holds with respect to political 
     issues not directly related to and necessary for the work of 
     the committee involved.
       (b) None of the funds made available in this Act may be 
     used to disseminate scientific information that is 
     deliberately false or misleading.
       Sec. 518. Within 45 days of enactment of this Act, each 
     department and related agency funded through this Act shall 
     submit an operating plan that details at the program, 
     project, and activity level any funding allocations for 
     fiscal year 2008 that are different than those specified in 
     this Act, the accompanying detailed table in the committee 
     report, or the fiscal year 2008 budget request.
       Sec. 519. The Department of Labor and the Department of 
     Health and Human Services shall provide congressional budget 
     justifications for their fiscal year 2009 budget requests in 
     the format and level of detail used by the Department of 
     Education in its fiscal year 2008 congressional budget 
     justifications.
       Sec. 520. None of the funds appropriated by this Act may be 
     used by the Commissioner of Social Security or the Social 
     Security Administration to develop guidelines, policies, or 
     procedures, or to pay the compensation of employees of the 
     Social Security Administration, to administer Social Security 
     benefit payments, under any agreement between the United 
     States and any foreign country establishing totalization 
     arrangements between the social security system established 
     by title II of the Social Security Act and the social 
     security system of such foreign country, which would be 
     inconsistent with existing statutory law.
       Sec. 521. None of the funds made available in this Act may 
     be used to enter into a contract with an entity that does not 
     participate in the basic pilot program described in section 
     403(a) of the Illegal Immigration Reform and Immigrant 
     Responsibility Act of 1996 (8 U.S.C. 1324a note).

  Mr. OBEY (during the reading). Madam Chairman, I ask unanimous 
consent that the remainder of the bill through page 125, line 2 be 
considered as read, printed in the Record, and open to amendment at any 
point.
  The CHAIRMAN. Is there objection to the request of the gentleman from 
Wisconsin?
  There was no objection.


                     Amendment Offered by Mr. Obey

  Mr. OBEY. Madam Chairman, I offer an amendment.
  The CHAIRMAN. The Clerk will designate the amendment.
  The text of the amendment is as follows:

       Amendment offered by Mr. Obey:
       At the end of the bill (before the short title), insert the 
     following:
       Sec. __. None of the funds in this Act may be used for the 
     following:
       Children Uniting Nations, Los Angeles, CA;
       Crisis Nursery of the Ozarks, Springfield, MO;
       Jefferson County, Golden, CO;
       New York Center for Children, New York, NY:
       Shelter for Abused Women, Winchester, VA;
       Arrowhead Economic Opportunity Agency, Virginia, MN:
       Augusta Levy Learning Center, Wheeling, WV;
       Beth El House, Alexandria, VA;
       Children's Home Society of South Dakota, Sioux Falls, SD;
       Christian Outreach of Lutherans, Waukegan, IL;
       City of Detroit, MI;
       City of Fort Worth, TX;
       City of San Jose, CA;
       Cliff Hagan Boys and Girls Club--Mike Horn Unit, Owensboro, 
     KY;
       Communities In Schools, Bell-Coryell Counties, Inc., 
     Killeen, TX;
       Covenant House Florida, Ft. Lauderdale, FL;
       Eisner Pediatric and Family Medical Center, Los Angeles, 
     CA;
       Every Citizen Has Opportunities, Inc., Leesburg, VA;
       Family Center of Washington County, Montpelier, VT;
       First 5 Alameda County, San Leandro, CA;
       Friendship Circle of the South Bay, Redondo Beach, CA;
       Greater New Britain Teen Pregnancy Prevention, Inc., New 
     Britain, CT;
       Hamilton-Madison House, New York, NY;
       Healthy Learners Dillon, Columbia, SC;
       Helping Children Worldwide, Herndon, VA;
       Hennepin County Human Services and Public Health 
     Department, Minneapolis, MN;
       Hillside Family of Agencies, Rochester, NY;
       Hope Village for Children, Meridian, MS;
       Horizons for Homeless Children, Boston, MA;
       Kingsborough Community College, Brooklyn, NY;
       L.I.F.T. Women's Resource Center, Detroit, MI;
       Lawrence County Social Services, New Castle, PA;
       Lutheran Social Services, Duluth, MN;
       Marcus Institute, Atlanta, GA;
       Mary's Family, Orlean, VA;
       Mecklenburg County, Charlotte, NC;
       Missouri Bootheel Regional Consortium, Portageville, MO;
       Monterey County Probation Department, Salinas, CA;
       Nashua Adult Learning Center, Nashua, NH;
       National Energy Assistance Directors' Association, 
     Washington, DC;
       Network for Instructional TV, Inc., Reston, VA;
       Nurses for Newborns Foundation, St. Louis, MO;
       Organization of the NorthEast, Chicago, IL;
       Pediatric Interim Care Center, Kent, WA;
       Public Health Department, Solano County, Fairfield, CA;
       Sephardic Bikur Holim of Monmouth County, Deal, NJ;
       Services, Immigrant Rights and Education Network, San Jose, 
     CA
       Southern Illinois University, Carbondale, IL;
       Stephen F. Austin State University, Nacogdoches, TX;
       Susan Wesley Family Learning Center, East Prairie, MO;
       TLC for Children and Families, Inc., Olathe, KS;
       United Way Southeastern Michigan, Detroit, MI;
       University of Central Missouri, Warrensburg, MO;
       Visitation Home, Inc., Yardville, NJ;
       Allied Jewish Federation of Colorado, Denver, CO;
       Amalgamated Warbasse Houses, Inc., Brooklyn, NY;
       California Senior Legal Hotline, Sacramento, CA;
       Durham-Chapel Hill Jewish Federation, Durham, NC;
       Howard Brown Health Center, Chicago, IL;
       Jewish Community Services of South Florida, North Miami, 
     FL;
       Jewish Family and Children's Service of Minneapolis, 
     Minnetonka, MI;
       Jewish Family Service of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM;
       Jewish Family Service, Los Angeles, CA;
       Jewish Family Services of Delaware, Inc., Wilmington, DE;
       Jewish Federation of Central New Jersey, Scotch Plains, NJ;
       Jewish Federation of Greater Monmouth County, NJ;

[[Page H8057]]

       Jewish Federation of Greater New Haven, Woodbridge, CT;
       Jewish Federation of Middlesex County, South River, NJ;
       Jewish Social Service Agency, Fairfax, VA;
       Shenandoah Area Agency on Aging, Front Royal, VA;
       United Jewish Communities of MetroWest, NJ, Parsippany, NJ;
       University of Florida, Gainesville, FL;
       Adler Aphasia Center, Maywood, NJ;
       Advocate Good Shepard Hospital, Barrington, IL;
       Alameda County Public Health Department, Office of AIDS 
     Administration, Oakland, CA;
       Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX;
       Bayside Community Center, San Diego, CA;
       Berean Community & Family Life Center, Brooklyn, NY;
       Bienestar Human Services, Inc., Los Angeles, CA;
       Boys and Girls Club of Delaware County, Jay, OK;
       California State University-Fullerton, Fullerton, CA;
       Charles R. Drew Wellness Center, Columbia, SC;
       Charter County of Wayne, Michigan, Detroit, MI;
       Chez Panisse Foundation, Berkeley, CA;
       Children's Hunger Alliance, Columbus, OH;
       Columbus Children's Research Institute, Columbus, OH;
       County of Marin, San Rafael, CA
       CREATE Foundation, Tupelo, MS;
       DuPage County, Wheaton, IL;
       East Carolina University, Brody School of Medicine, 
     Greenville, NC;
       EI Puente, Brooklyn, NY;
       Friends of the Congressional Glaucoma Caucus Foundation, 
     Lake Success, NY;
       Friends of the Congressional Glaucoma Caucus Foundation, 
     Lake Success, NY;
       Georgia Chapter of the American Lung Association, Smyrna, 
     GA
       Haitian American Association Against Cancer, Inc., Miami, 
     FL;
       Healthy Eating Lifestyle Principles, Monterey, CA;
       Home Instruction Program for Preschool Youngsters--Florida, 
     Coral Gables, FL;
       Ingalls Development Foundation, Harvey, IL;
       International Rett Syndrome Association, Clinton, MD;
       Kips Bay Boys and Girls Club, Bronx, NY;
       Long Island University, Brooklyn, NY;
       Louisville Department of Public Health and Wellness, 
     Louisville, KY;
       Middle Tennessee State University, Murfreesboro, TN;
       Myositis Association, Washington, DC;
       Natividad Medical Center, Salinas, CA;
       Nevada Cancer Institute, Las Vegas, NV;
       North Shore Health Project, Gloucester, MA;
       Plymouth State University, Plymouth, NH;
       Providence Cancer Center, Portland, OR;
       Pulmonary Hypertension Association, Silver Spring, MD;
       San Antonio Metropolitan Health District, San Antonio, TX;
       SHAREing and CAREing, Astoria, NY;
       Silent Spring Institute, Newton, MA;
       Southeastern Center for Emerging Biologic Threats, Atlanta, 
     GA;
       St. Elizabeth's Medical Center, Wabasha, MN;
       St. Francis Medical Center Foundation, Lynwood, CA;
       St. John's Regional Medical Center, Oxnard, CA;
       St. John's Well Child and Family Center, Los Angeles, CA
       University of Arizona College of Medicine, Tucson, AZ;
       University of Findlay Center for Public Health 
     Preparedness, Findlay, OH;
       University of North Texas Health Science Center, Fort 
     Worth, TX;
       University of South Florida, Tampa, FL;
       University of Texas Pan American, Edinburg, TX;
       University of Texas, Brownsville, TX;
       Virgin Islands Perinatal Inc., Christiansted, VI;
       Voorhees College, Denmark, SC;
       Wayne County Department of Public Health, Detroit, MI;
       WestCare Foundation, Las Vegas, NV;
       Yale New Haven Hospital, New Haven, CT;
       YBH Project, Inc., Albany, GA;
       Access Health, Inc., Muskegon, MI;
       Bedford Ride, Bedford, VA;
       Bi-State Primary Care Association, Concord, NH;
       City and County of San Francisco Department of Public 
     Health, San Francisco, CA;
       City of Detroit, MI;
       City of Waterbury, CT;
       Gadsden County, FL, Quincy, FL;
       Jefferson Area Board for Aging, Charlottesville, VA;
       Orange County's Primary Care Access Network, Orlando, FL;
       Piedmont Hospital, Atlanta, GA;
       Thurston-Mason County Medical Society, Olympia, WA;
       Valley Hospice, Inc., Steubenville, OH;
       ABC Unified School District, Cerritos, CA;
       Academy for Urban School Leadership, Chicago, IL;
       Action for Bridgeport Community Development, Inc., 
     Bridgeport, CT;
       African-American Male Achievers Network, Inc., Inglewood, 
     CA;
       Akron Public Schools, OH;
       Alamance-Burlington School District, Burlington, NC;
       All Kinds of Minds, Chapel Hill, NC;
       American Ballet Theatre, New York, NY;
       Amistad America, New Haven, CT;
       An Achievable Dream, Inc., Newport News, VA;
       Angelo State University, San Angelo, TX;
       Apache County Schools, St. Johns, AZ;
       Arab City Schools, Arab, AL;
       AVANCE, Inc, El Paso, TX;
       AVANCE, Inc., Del Rio, TX;
       AVANCE, Inc., Waco, TX;
       Barat Education Foundation, Lake Forest, IL;
       Bay Haven Charter Academy Middle School, Lynn Haven, FL;
       Baylor University, Waco, TX;
       Best Buddies International, Miami, FL;
       Best Buddies Maryland, Baltimore, MD;
       Best Buddies Rhode Island, Providence, RI;
       Big Top Chautauqua, WI;
       Boise State University, Boise, ID;
       Bowie State University, Bowie, MD;
       Boys & Girls Club of Hawaii, Honolulu, HI;
       Boys & Girls Town of Missouri, Columbia, MO;
       Boys and Girls Club of San Bernardino, CA;
       Bradford Area School District, Bradford, PA;
       Brookdale Community College, Lincroft, NJ;
       Bushnell Center for the Performing Arts, Hartford, CT;
       California State University Northridge, CA;
       California State University, San Bernardino, CA;
       Canton Symphony Orchestra Association, Canton, OH;
       Carnegie Hall, New York, NY;
       Central County Occupational Center, San Jose, CA;
       Central Pennsylvania Institute of Science and Technology, 
     State College, PA;
       Centro de Salud Familiar Le Fe, El Paso, TX;
       Charlotte County School District, Port Charlotte, FL;
       Charter School Development Foundation, Las Vegas, NV;
       City of Fairfield, CA;
       City of Gadsden, AL;
       City of Hayward, Hayward, CA;
       City of Indianapolis, Indianapolis, IN;
       City of Newark, Newark, CA;
       City of Pawtucket School Department, Pawtucket, RI;
       City of Pembroke Pines, FL;
       City of San Jose, CA;
       City of San Jose, CA;
       City of Springfield, MO;
       City of Whittier, Whittier, CA;
       City School District of New Rochelle, New Rochelle, NY;
       Clark County School District, Las Vegas, NV;
       Clark County School District, Las Vegas, NV;
       Clovis Unified School District, Clovis, CA;
       College Summit, Inc., Washington, DC;
       Communities in Schools--Northeast Texas, Mount Pleasant, 
     TX;
       Communities in Schools of Cochran and Bleckley County, 
     Cochran, GA;
       Communities in Schools of Coweta, Inc., Newnan, GA;
       Communities in Schools of Fitzgerald-Ben Hill County, 
     Fitzgerald, GA;
       Communities in Schools of Tacoma, Tacoma, WA;
       Communities in Schools, Austin, TX;
       Communities in Schools, San Fernando Valley, Inc., North 
     Hills, CA;
       Community Development Commission of the County of Los 
     Angeles, Monterey Park, CA;
       Community Service Society, New York, NY;
       Connecticut Technical High School System, Middletown, CT;
       Contra Costa College, San Pablo, CA;
       Cooperative Educational Service Agency No. 11;
       Cooperative Educational Service Agency No. 12, Ashland, WI;
       Cooperative Educational Service Agency No. 5, Portage, WI;
       Cooperative Educational Service Agency No. 9, Tomahawk, WI;
       County of San Diego, San Pasqual Academy, Escondido, CA;
       Cuyahoga County Board of County Commissioners, Cleveland, 
     OH;
       Delaware Department of Education, Dover, DE;
       Detroit Youth Foundation, Detroit, MI;
       DNA EpiCenter, Inc., New London, CT;
       Duval County Public Schools, Jacksonville, FL;
       Edgar School District, Edgar, WI;
       Edison and Ford Winter Estates Education Foundation;
       Education Partnership, Providence, RI:
       Education Service Center, Region 12, Hillsboro, TX;
       Ennis Independent School District, Ennis, TX ;
       Envision Schools, San Francisco, CA;
       Erskine College, Due West, SC;
       Exploratorium, San Francisco, CA;
       Fairfax County Public Schools, Fairfax, VA;
       Fairfax County Public Schools, Falls Church, VA;
       Fairhope Center for the Arts, Bay Minette, AL;
       Families In Schools, Los Angeles, CA;
       Fayetteville Technical Community College, Fayettevile, NC;
       Forward in the Fifth, Somerset, KY;
       Friends of the Children National, Portland, OR;
       George B. Thomas, Sr. Learning Academy, Inc., Bethesda, MD;

[[Page H8058]]

       Girl Scouts of the USA, New York, NY;
       Graham County Schools, Safford, AZ;
       Guam Public School System, Hagatna, GU;
       Hamilton Wings, Elgin, IL;
       Harris County Department of Education, Houston, TX;
       Harvey Public School District 152, Harvey, IL;
       Hawaii Department of Education, Honolulu, HI;
       Hawk Mountain Sanctuary Association, Kempton, PA;
       Helen Keller International, New York, NY;
       High Plains Regional Education Cooperative, Raton, NM;
       Hillside Family of Agencies, Rochester, NY;
       Hoke County Schools, Raeford, NC;
       Houston Independent School District, Houston, TX;
       I KNOW I CAN, Columbus, OH;
       In Tune Foundation Group, Washington, DC;
       Independent School District 181, Brainerd, MN;
       Institute for Student Achievement, Lake Success, NY;
       Institute for Student Achievement, Lake Success, NY;
       Iowa City Community School District, Iowa City, IA;
       Ivy Tech Community College of Indiana--Southeast, Madison, 
     IN;
       Jacob Burns Film Center, Pleasantville, NY;
       Jazz at Lincoln Center, New York, NY;
       Jefferson County Public Schools, Golden, CO;
       Jersey Shore Area School District, Jersey Shore, PA;
       JFYNetWorks, Boston, MA;
       JFYNetWorks, Boston, MA;
       Joplin School District, Joplin, MO;
       Jumpstart for Young Children, Inc., Boston, MA;
       Jumpstart for Young Children, San Francisco, CA;
       Kelberman Center, Utica, NY;
       KIPP Foundation, San Francisco, CA;
       KIPP Foundation, San Francisco, CA;
       KIPP Foundation, San Francisco, CA;
       La Crosse School District, La Crosse, WI;
       Learning Point Associates/North Central Regional Education 
     Laboratory, Naperville, IL;
       Lee Pesky Learning Center, Boise, ID;
       Lemay Child & Family Center, St. Louis, MO;
       Los Angeles Conservation Corps, Los Angeles, CA;
       Louisiana Arts and Sciences Museum, Baton Rouge, LA;
       Louisiana Tech University, Ruston, LA;
       Lower East Side Conservancy, New York, NY;
       Madison County Schools, Richmond, KY;
       Mesa Unified School District, Mesa, AZ;
       Military Heritage Center Foundation, Carlisle, PA;
       Miller County Development Authority, Colquit, GA;
       Milton S. Eisenhower Foundation, Washington, DC;
       Milwaukee Public Schools, Milwaukee, WI;
       Minnesota Humanities Commission, St. Paul, MN;
       Mississippi University for Women, Columbus, MS;
       Missouri State University, Springfield, MO;
       Monroe County School District, Key West, FL;
       Montgomery County Public Schools, Rockville, MD;
       Mote Marine Laboratory, Sarasota, FL;
       Mount Hood Community College, Gresham, OR;
       National Center for Electronically Mediated Learning, Inc., 
     Milford, CT;
       National Council on Crime and Delinquency, Oakland, CA;
       National Cued Speech Association, Bethesda, MD;
       National Flight Academy, Naval Air Station Pensacola, FL;
       National Resource Center for Deafblindness, East 
     Greenville, PA;
       National Teacher's Hall of Fame, Emporia, KS;
       Neighborhood Youth Association, Venice, CA;
       New Mexico Public Education Department, Santa Fe, NM;
       Newton Public Schools, Newton, KS;
       North Carolina Agricultural and Technical University, 
     Greensboro, NC;
       North Carolina Central University, Durham, NC;
       North Carolina Symphony, Raleigh, NC;
       North Carolina Technology Association Education Foundation, 
     Raleigh, NC;
       North Philadelphia Youth Association, Philadelphia, PA;
       Northeast Louisiana Family Literacy Interagency Consortium;
       Northern Tier Industry & Education Consortium, Dimock, PA;
       Norwich Public School System, Norwich, CT;
       Oakland Unified School District, Oakland, CA;
       O'Neill Sea Odyssey, Santa Cruz, CA ;
       OneWorld Now!, Seattle, WA;
       Ossining Union Free School District, Ossining, NY;
       Parent Institute for Quality Education, San Diego, CA;
       PE4life, Kansas City, MO;
       PE4life, Kansas City, MO;
       People for People, Philadelphia, PA;
       Peru State College, Peru, NE;
       Philadelphia Academies, Inc., Philadelphia, PA;
       Pinal County Education Service Agency, Florence, AZ;
       Polk County Public Schools, Bartow, FL;
       Port Chester--Rye Union Free School District, Port Chester, 
     NY;
       Project GRAD USA, Philadelphia, PA;
       Purdue University Calumet, Hammond, IN;
       Queens Theatre in the Park, Flushing, NY;
       Renwick Public Schools, Andale, KS;
       Rio Rancho Public Schools, Rio Ranch, NM;
       Riverside Community College, Riverside, CA;
       Riverside County Office of Education, Riverside, CA;
       Rockdale County Public Schools, Conyers, GA;
       Rose-Hulman Institute of Technology, Terre Haute, IN;
       Salesian Boys and Girls Club of Los Angeles, CA;
       San Bernardino City Unified School District, San 
     Bernardino, CA;
       San Bernardino County Superintendent of Schools, San 
     Bernardino, CA;
       San Joaquin County, Stockton, CA;
       San Mateo County, Redwood City, CA;
       School Board of Broward County, Fort Lauderdale, FL;
       Schultz Center for Teaching and Leadership, Jacksonville, 
     FL;
       Selden/Centereach Youth Association, Selden, NY;
       Silver Crescent Foundation, Charleston, SC;
       Sociedad Latina, Roxbury, MA;
       Southwestern University, Georgetown, TX;
       Springboard for Improving Schools, San Francisco, CA;
       Springfield Public School District No. 19, Springfield, OR;
       St. Mary's County Public Schools, Leonardtown, MD;
       State of Nevada Department of Education;
       Summit Educational Resources, Getzville, NY;
       Susannah Wesley Community Center, Honolulu, HI;
       Tampa Metropolitan YMCA, Tampa, FL;
       Texas Southern University, Houston, TX;
       Tomas Rivera Policy Institute, Los Angeles, CA;
       Town of Cumberland, Cumberland, RI;
       Towson University, Towson, MD;
       Tracy Joint Unified School District, Tracy, CA;
       Tri-County Educational Service, Wooster, OH;
       Trumbull County Educational Service Center, Niles, OH;
       Tulsa Public Schools, Tulsa, OK;
       Union County Public Schools, Monroe, NC;
       Union Free School District of the Tarrytowns, Sleepy 
     Hollow, NY;
       University of Akron, Akron, OH;
       University of Alabama, Tuscaloosa, AL;
       USD 259, Wichita Public Schools, Wichita, KS;
       Valle Lindo School District, South El Monte, CA;
       Venango Technology Center, Oil City, PA;
       Vision Therapy Project, Casper, WY;
       Visually Impaired Preschool Services, Louisville, KY;
       Washington College, Chestertown, MD;
       Washington State University, Tacoma, WA;
       WE CARE San Jacinto Valley, Inc., San Jacinto, CA;
       West Contra Costa Unified School District, Richmond, CA;
       White-Williams Scholars, Philadelphia, PA;
       Widener University, Chester, PA;
       Wildlife Information Center, Inc., Slatington, PA;
       Williamsburg County First Steps, Kingstree, SC;
       Yonkers Public Schools, Yonkers, NY;
       Youngstown City School District, OH;
       Youngstown State University, Youngstown, OH;
       YWCA of Gary, Gary, IN;
       Adelante Development Center, Albuquerque, NM;
       Agudath Israel of America Community Services, Inc., 
     Brooklyn, NY;
       Arc of Blackstone Valley, Pawtucket, RI;
       Bellingham Technical College, Bellingham, WA;
       Bismarck State College, Bismarck, ND;
       Brookdale Community College, Lincroft, NJ;
       Capital IDEA, Austin, TX;
       Center for Employment Training, San Jose, CA;
       Central Carolina Tech College, Sumter, SC;
       Central Maine Community College, Auburn, ME;
       Chinese-American Planning Council, New York, NY;
       City College of San Francisco, San Francisco, CA;
       City of Alexandria, VA;
       City of Baltimore, MD;
       City of Milwaukee, WI;
       City of Palmdale, Palmdale, CA;
       City of Suffolk, VA;
       City of West Palm Beach, FL;
       Clarian Health Partners, Indianapolis, IN;
       College of Southern Maryland, La Plata, MD;
       Community Learning Center, Fort Worth, TX;
       Des Moines Area Community College, Arkeny, IA;
       Dillard University, New Orleans, LA;
       East Los Angeles Community Union, Los Angeles, CA;
       Easter Seals Arc of Northeast Indiana, Inc., Fort Wayne, 
     IN;

[[Page H8059]]

       Edgar Campbell Foundation, Philadelphia, PA;
       Employment & Economic Development Department of San Joaquin 
     County, Stockton, CA;
       Essex County Community Organization, Lynn, MA;
       Foundation of the Delaware County Chamber, Media, PA;
       Goodwill of Southern Nevada, North Las Vegas, NV;
       Greater Akron Chamber, Akron, OH;
       Groden Center, Providence, RI;
       Guam Community College, Mangilao, Guam;
       Hamilton County Government, Chattanooga, TN;
       Home of Life Community Development Corp., Chicago, IL;
       Homecare Workers Training Center, Los Angeles, CA;
       International Fellowship of Chaplains, Inc., Saginaw, MI;
       Iowa Valley Community College, Marshalltown, IA;
       Ivy Tech Community College of Indiana--Columbus Region, 
     Indianapolis, IN;
       Ivy Tech Community College of Indiana Lafayette, 
     Indianapolis, IN;
       Kansas City Kansas Community College, Kansas City, KS;
       Kent State University/Trumbull County, Warren, OH;
       Louisiana Delta Community College, Monroe, LA;
       Louisiana National Guard, Carville, LA;
       Manufacturing Association of Central New York, Syracuse, 
     NY;
       Massachusetts College of Pharmacy and Health Sciences, 
     Manchester, NH;
       McHenry County Community College, Woodstock, IL;
       Minot State University, Minot, ND;
       Mission Language and Vocational School, San Francisco, CA;
       Neighborhood First Program, Inc., Bristol, PA;
       NewLife Academy of Information Technology, East Liverpool, 
     OH;
       North West Pasadena Development Corp., Pasedena, CA;
       Northcott Neighborhood House, Milwaukee, WI;
       Oakland Community College, Bloomfield Hills, MI;
       Opportunity, Inc., Highland Park, IL;
       Our Piece of the Pie, Hartford, CT;
       Parish of Rapides Career Solutions Center, Alexandria, LA;
       Philadelphia Shipyard Development Corporation, 
     Philadelphia, PA;
       Piedmont Virginia Community College, Charlottesville, VA;
       Poder Learning Center, Chicago, IL;
       Precision Manufacturing Institute, Meadville, PA;
       Project One Inc., Louisville, KY;
       Project QUEST, Inc., San Antonio, TX;
       PRONTO of Long Island, Inc., Bayshore, NY;
       Schoenbaum Family Enrichment Center, Charleston, WV;
       Schuylkill Intermediate Unit 29, Marlin, PA;
       South Bay Workforce Investment Board, Hawthorne, CA;
       Southeast Missouri State University, Cape Girardeau, MO;
       Southern University at Shreveport, Shreveport, LA;
       Southside Virginia Community College, Alberta, VA;
       Southwestern Oklahoma State University, Weatherford, OK;
       St. Louis Agency on Training and Employment, St. Louis, MO;
       Towson University, Towson, MD;
       United Mine Workers of America, Washington, PA;
       University of West Florida, Pensacola, FL;
       Veteran Community Initiatives, Inc., Johnstown, PA
       Vincennes University, Vincennes, IN;
       Wayne County, NY Planning Department, Lyons, NY;
       West Los Angeles College, Culver City, CA;
       Women Work and Community, Augusta, ME;
       A.O. Fox Memorial Hospital, Oneonta, NY;
       Access Community Health Network, Chicago, IL;
       Adirondack Medical Center, Saranac Lake, NY;
       Adrian College, Adrian, MI;
       Adventist GlenOaks Hospital, Glendale Heights, IL;
       Adventist Health, Roseville, CA;
       Alamo Community College System, San Antonio, TX;
       Alaska Addictions Rehabilitation Services, Inc., Wasilla, 
     AK;
       Alderson-Broaddus College, Philippi, WV;
       Alice Hyde Medical Center, Malone, NY;
       Alleghany Memorial Hospital, Sparta, NC;
       Alle-Kiski Medical Center, Natrona Heights, PA;
       Alliance for NanoHealth, Houston, TX;
       AltaMed Health Services Corp., Los Angeles, CA;
       American Oncologic Hospital, Fox Chase Cancer Center, 
     Philadelphia, PA;
       LBJ Medical Center, American Samoa;
       Amite County Medical Services, Liberty, MS;
       Arnold Palmer Hospital, Orlando, FL;
       Ashland County Oral Health Services, Ashland, OH;
       Asian Americans for Community Involvement, San Jose, CA;
       Association for Utah Community Health, Salt Lake City, UT;
       Atlantic Health Systems, Florham Park, NJ;
       Avis Goodwin Community Health Center, Dover, NH;
       Avista Adventist Hospital, Louisville, CO;
       Bad River Tribe of Lake Superior Chippewa, Odanah, WI;
       Ball Memorial Hospital, Muncie, IN;
       Baltimore City Health Department, Baltimore, MD;
       Baltimore Medical System, Baltimore, MD;
       Baptist Health Medical Center--Heber Springs, Heber 
     Springs, AR;
       Barnert Hospital, Paterson, NJ;
       Barnes-Kasson County Hospital, Susquehanna, PA;
       Barre Family Health Center, Barre, MA;
       Bay Area Medical Clinic, Marinette, WI;
       BayCare Health System, Clearwater, FL;
       Baylor Research Institute, Dallas, TX;
       Bayonne Medical Center, Bayonne, NJ;
       Baystate Health Systems, Springfield, MA;
       Beaumont Hospital, Royal Oak, MI;
       Belmont University, Nashville, TN;
       Bemidji State University, Bemidji, MN;
       Benedictine Hospital, Kingston, NY;
       Benefis Healthcare, Great Falls, MT;
       Berea Health Ministry Rural Health Clinic, Inc., Berea, KY;
       Bloomington Hospital Foundation, Bloomington, IN;
       Bloomsburg Hospital, Bloomsburg, PA;
       Blount Memorial Hospital, Maryville, TN;
       Boone Hospital Center, Columbia, MO;
       Boriken Neighborhood Health Center, New York, NY;
       Boscobel Area Health Care, Boscobel, WI;
       Boston Medical Center, Boston, MA;
       Boston University Medical School, Boston, MA;
       Bridge Community Health Clinic, Wausau, WI;
       Bridgeport Hospital, Bridgeport, CT;
       Brockton Neighborhood Health Center, Brockton, MA;
       Brookside Community Health Center, San Pablo, CA;
       Brunswick County, Bolivia, NC;
       Bryan W. Whitfield Hospital, Demopolis, AL;
       Bureau County Health Clinic, Princeton, IL;
       Cactus Health Services, Inc., Sanderson, TX;
       California Hospital Medical Center, Los Angeles, CA;
       California State University, Bakersfield, CA;
       Camillus House, Inc., Miami, FL;
       Canonsburg General Hospital, Canonsburg, PA;
       Cape Cod Free Clinic and Community Health Center, Mashpee, 
     MA;
       Capital Park Family Health Center, Columbus, OH;
       Cardinal Stritch University, Milwaukee, WI;
       Carolinas HealthCare System, Charlotte, NC;
       Carroll County Regional Medical Center, Carrollton, KY;
       Carroll County Youth Service Bureau, Westminster, MD;
       Center for Health Equity, Louisville, KY;
       Central Wyoming College, Riverton, WY;
       CentroMed, San Antonio, TX;
       Champlain Valley Physician's Hospital, Plattsburgh, NY;
       Charles A. Dean Memorial Hospital, Greenville, ME;
       Chatham County Safety Net Collaborative, Savannah, GA;
       Cherry Street Health Services, Grand Rapids, MI;
       Children's Friend and Family Services, Salem, MA;
       Children's Home of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA;
       Children's Hospital and Clinics of Minnesota, Minneapolis, 
     MN;
       Children's Hospital and Health System, Milwaukee, WI;
       Children's Hospital at Albany Medical Center, Albany, NY;
       Children's Hospital Medical Center of Akron, Akron, OH;
       Children's Hospital of Orange County, Mission Viejo, CA;
       Children's Hospital of The King's Daughters, Norfolk, VA;
       Children's Hospital, Denver, CO;
       Children's Hospitals and Clinics of Minnesota, Minneapolis, 
     MN;
       Children's Medical Center, Dayton, OH;
       Children's Memorial Hospital, Chicago, IL;
       Children's National Medical Center, Washington, DC;
       Children's Specialized Hospital, Mountainside, NJ;
       Chippewa Valley Hospital, Durand, WI;
       Chiricahua Community Health Centers, Inc., Elfrida, AZ;
       Christian Health Care Center of New Jersey, Wyckoff, NJ;
       Christian Sarkine Autism Treatment Center, Indianapolis, 
     IN;
       Christus Santa Rosa's Children's Hospital, San Antonio, TX;
       Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati, 
     OH;
       Citrus County Board of County Commissioners, Inverness, FL;
       Travis County Hospital District, City of Austin, TX;
       City of Chesapeake, VA;
       City of Hueytown, AL;
       City of Oakland, CA;
       City of Stockton, CA;
       City of Stonewall, OK;
       Clarion Health Center, Clarion, PA;
       Cleveland Clinic Huron Hospital, East Cleveland, OH;
       Cobb County Government, Marietta, GA;

[[Page H8060]]

       Coffeyville Regional Medical Center, Coffeyville, KS;
       Coles County Council on Aging, Mattoon, IL;
       College Misericordia, Dallas, PA;
       Collier County, Naples, FL;
       Colorado State University, Fort Collins, CO;
       Columbia Memorial Hospital, Hudson, NY;
       Columbus Children's Hospital, Columbus, OH;
       Columbus Children's Hospital, Columbus, OH;
       Communi Care, Inc., Columbia, SC;
       Community College of Aurora, Aurora, CO;
       Community Dental Services, Albuquerque, NM;
       Community Health Care, Tacoma, WA;
       Community Health Center of Franklin County, Turners Falls, 
     MA;
       Community Health Works, Forsyth, GA;
       Community Hospital of Bremen, Bremen, IN;
       Community Hospital TeleHealth Consortium, Lake Charles, LA;
       Community Medical Centers, Stockton, CA;
       Comprehensive Community Action Program (CCAP), Cranston, 
     RI;
       Connecticut Hospice, Inc., Branford, CT;
       Cook Children's Medical Center, Fort Worth, TX;
       Cooperative Education Service Agency 11 Rural Health Dental 
     Clinic, Turtle Lake, WI;
       County of Modoc Medical Center, Alturas, CA;
       County of Peoria, Peoria, IL;
       County of San Diego, CA;
       Crousee Hospital, Syracuse, NY;
       Crowder College-Nevada Campus, Nevada, MO;
       Crozer-Chester Medical Center, Upland, PA;
       Cumberland Medical Center, Crossville, TN;
       Dartmouth-Hitchcock Medical Center, Lebanon, NH;
       Delaware Technical and Community College, Dover, DE;
       Denver Health and Hospital Authority, Denver, CO;
       Des Moines University and Broadlawns Medical Center, Des 
     Moines, IA;
       Detroit Primary Care Access, Detroit, MI;
       Dixie County, Cross City, FL;
       Dodge County Hospital, Eastman, GA;
       Drew County Memorial Hospital, Monticello, AR;
       DuBois Regional Medical Center, DuBois, PA;
       East Carolina University, Greenville, NC;
       East Tennessee Children's Hospital, Knoxville, TN;
       East Tennessee State University College of Pharmacy, 
     Johnson City, TN;
       Easter Seals of Mahoning, Trumbull, and Columbiana 
     Counties, Youngstown, OH;
       Eddy County, NM;
       Edgemoor Hospital, Santee, CA;
       Eisenhower Medical Center, Rancho Mirage, CA;
       El Proyecto del Barrio, Arleta, CA;
       El Proyecto del Barrio, Winnetka, CA;
       Elizabeth City State University, Elizabeth City, NC;
       Emerson Hospital, Concord, MA;
       Englewood Hospital and Medical Center, Englewood, NJ;
       Excela Health, Mt. Pleasant, PA;
       Fairfield Medical Center, Lancaster, OH;
       Fairview Southdale Hospital, Edina, MN;
       Family and Children's Aid, Danbury, CT;
       Family Behavioral Resources, Greensburg, PA;
       Family Center of the Northern Neck, Inc., White Stone, VA;
       Family Health Center of Southern Oklahoma, Tishomingo, OK;
       Family HealthCare Network, Visalia, CA;
       Family Medicine Spokane, Spokane, WA;
       Florida Hospital College of Health Sciences, Orlando, FL;
       Florida Institute of Technology, Melbourne, FL;
       Florida Southern College, Lakeland, FL;
       Floyd Valley Hospital, Le Mars, IA;
       Freeman Health System, Joplin, MO;
       Fulton County Medical Center, McConnellsburg, PA;
       Gardner Family Health Network, Inc., San Jose, CA;
       Gaston College, Health Education Institute, Dallas, NC;
       Gateway to Care, Houston, TX;
       Gertrude A. Barber Center, Erie, PA;
       Glen Rose Medical Center, Glen Rose, TX;
       Glendale Adventist Medical Center, Glendale, CA;
       Glens Falls Hospital, Glens Falls, NY;
       Grady Health Systems, Atlanta, GA;
       Grandview Hospital, Dayton, OH;
       Greater Hudson Valley Family Health Center, Inc., Newburgh, 
     NY;
       Greater New Bedford Community Health Center, New Bedford, 
     MA;
       Griffin Hospital, Derby, CT;
       Gritman Medical Center, Moscow, ID;
       Gundersen Lutheran Health System, West Union, IA;
       Gunderson Lutheran, Decorah, IA;
       Halifax Regional Health System, South Boston, VA;
       Hamilton Community Health Network, Flint, MI;
       Hampton University, Hampton, VA;
       Harris County Hospital District, Houston, TX;
       Harris County Hospital District, Houston, TX;
       Harris County Hospital District, Houston, TX;
       Harris County Hospital District, Houston, TX;
       Harris Methodist Erath County Hospital, Stephenville, TX;
       Hatzoloh EMS, Inc., Monsey, NY;
       Hawkeye Community College, Waterloo, IA;
       Healing Tree Addiction Treatment Solutions, Inc., Sterling, 
     CO;
       HEALS Dental Clinic, Huntsville, AL;
       HealthCare Connection, Cincinnati, OH;
       HealthEast Care System, St. Paul, MN;
       Heartland Community Health Clinic, Peoria, IL;
       Hektoen Institute for Medical Research Beloved Community 
     Wellness Program, Chicago, IL;
       Helen DeVos Children's Hospital, Grand Rapids, MI;
       Henry Mayo Newhall Memorial Hospital, Valencia, CA;
       Highland Community Hospital, Picayune, MS;
       Highlands County, Sebring, FL;
       Holy Name Hospital, Teaneck, NJ;
       Home Nursing Agency, Altoona, PA;
       Hormel Foundation, Austin, MN;
       Hospice of Northwest Ohio Toledo Center, Toledo, OH;
       Hospice of the Western Reserve, Cleveland, OH;
       Houston County Hospital District, Crockett, TX;
       Howard Community College, Columbia, MD;
       Hudson Alpha Institute for Biotechnology, Huntsville, AL;
       Hudson Headwaters Health Network, Inc., Glens Falls, NY;
       Humility of Mary Health Partners, Youngstown, OH;
       Humphreys County Memorial Hospital, Belzoni, MS;
       Hunterdon Medical Center, Flemington, NJ;
       Hunter's Hope Foundation, Orchard Park, NY;
       Huntsville Hospital, Huntsville, AL;
       Hurley Medical Center, Flint, MI;
       Idaho Caring Foundation, Inc., Boise, ID;
       Idaho State University, Pocatello, ID;
       Illinois Masonic Medical Center, Chicago, IL;
       Illinois Primary Health Care Association, Springfield, IL;
       India Community Center, Milpitas, CA;
       Indiana University Bloomington, IN;
       Indiana University School of Medicine, Gary, IN;
       Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis, IN;
       Indiana University Southeast, New Albany, IN;
       Inland Behavioral Health Services, Inc., San Bernardino, 
     CA;
       Institute for Family Health, New Paltz, NY;
       Institute for Research and Rehabilitation, Houston, TX;
       INTEGRIS Health, Oklahoma City, OK;
       Intermountain Healthcare, Salt Lake City, UT;
       Jameson Hospital, New Castle, PA;
       Jasper Memorial Hospital, Monticello, GA;
       Jefferson Regional Medical Center Nursing School, Pine 
     Bluff, AR;
       Jenkins County GA Hospital, Millen, GA;
       John Wesley Community Health Institute, Bell Gardens, CA;
       Johnson Memorial Hospital, Stafford Springs, CT;
       Johnston Memorial Hospital, Smithfield, NC;
       Kalamazoo Valley Community College, Kalamazoo, MI;
       Kennedy Krieger Institute, Baltimore, MD;
       Kent State University Stark Campus, North Canton, OH;
       Kent State University, Ashtabula, OH;
       Kilmichael Hospital, Kilmichael, MS;
       Kirkwood Community College, Cedar Rapids, IA;
       Knox Community Hospital, Mount Vernon, OH;
       La Clinica de la Raza, Oakland, CA;
       La Rabida Children's Hospital, Chicago, IL;
       Lake Erie College of Osteopathic Medicine, Erie, PA;
       Lakeland Community College, Kirtland, OH;
       Lamar University, Beaumont, TX for the Community and 
     University Partnership Service;
       Lanai Women's Center, Lanai City, HI;
       Laurens County Health Care System, Clinton, SC;
       Lawrence Hospital Center, Bronxville, NY;
       League Against Cancer, Miami, FL;
       Liberty County, FL, Bristol, FL;
       Liberty Regional Medical Center, Hinesville, GA;
       Limestone Community Care, Inc. Medical Clinic, Elkmont, AL;
       Lincoln Community Health Center, Durham, NC;
       Lincoln Medical and Mental Health Center, Bronx, NY;
       Lodi Memorial Hospital, Lodi, CA;
       Loretto, Syracuse, NY;
       Los Angeles Orthopaedic Hospital, Los Angeles, CA;
       Louisville Metro Department of Public Works, Louisville, 
     KY;
       Lourdes Medical Center of Burlington County, Willingboro, 
     NJ;
       Loyola University Health System, Maywood, IL;
       Lucile Packard Children's Hospital, Palo Alto, CA;
       Madison Center, South Bend, IN;
       Madison County Memorial Hospital, Rexburg, ID;
       Madison County, Virginia City, MT;
       Madison St. Joseph Health Center, Madisonville, TX;

[[Page H8061]]

       Maine Center for Marine Biotechnology, Gulf of Maine 
     Research Institute, Portland, ME;
       Maine Primary Care Association, Augusta, ME;
       Manchester Memorial Hospital, Manchester, CT;
       Marana Health Center, Marana, AZ;
       Marias Medical Center, Shelby, MT;
       Marquette General Hospital, Marquette, MI;
       Marshalltown Medical and Surgical Center, Marshalltown, IA;
       Mary Scott Nursing Center, Dayton, OH;
       Maryland State Dental Association, Columbia, MD;
       Maryville University, St. Louis, MO;
       Mason County Board of Health, Maysville, KY;
       Massachusetts College of Pharmacy and Health Sciences, 
     Worcester, MA;
       Maury Regional Hospital, Columbia, TN;
       Meharry Medical College, Nashville, TN;
       Memorial Hermann Baptist Beaumont Hospital, Beaumont, TX;
       Memorial Hermann Healthcare System, Houston, TX;
       Memorial Hermann Southwest Hospital, Houston, TX;
       Mendocino Coast District Hospital, Fort Bragg, CA;
       Menominee Indian Tribe of Wisconsin, Keshena, WI;
       Mercy College of Northwest Ohio, Toledo, OH;
       Mercy Health Foundation, Durango, CO;
       Mercy Hospital Grayling, Grayling, MI;
       Mercy Hospital, Buffalo, NY;
       Mercy Medical Center, Redding, CA;
       Mercy Medical Center-House of Mercy, Des Moines, IA;
       Mercy Memorial Hospital, Monroe, MI;
       Mercy Ministries Health Center, Laredo, TX;
       Mercy Suburban Hospital, Norristown, PA;
       Methodist Hospital of Southern California, Arcadia, CA;
       Methodist Hospital, Houston, TX;
       Metropolitan Hospital, New York, NY;
       MetroWest Medical Center Framingham Union Hospital, 
     Framingham, MA;
       Miami Beach Community Health Center, Miami Beach, FL;
       Middle Tennessee State University, Murfreesboro, TN;
       Middlesex Community College, Lowell, MA;
       Middletown Regional Hospital, Middletown, OH;
       Mid-Ohio FoodBank, Columbus, OH;
       Miles Community College, Miles City, MT;
       Mission Hospitals, Asheville, NC;
       Missouri Delta Medical Center, Sikeston, MO;
       Monroe Clinic, Monroe, WI;
       Monroe County Hospital, Forsyth, GA;
       Montefiore Medical Center, Bronx, NY;
       Montgomery Area Nontraditional Equestrians, Pike Road, AL;
       Morehead State University, Morehead, KY;
       Morris Heights Health Center, Inc., Bronx, NY;
       Morton Hospital and Medical Center, Taunton, MA;
       Mount Nittany Medical Center, State College, PA;
       Mount Vernon Hospital, Mount Vernon, NY;
       Mount Wachusett Community College, Gardner, MA;
       Muhlenberg Community Hospital, Greenville, KY;
       Naugatuck Valley Community College, Waterbury, CT;
       Nebraska Hospital Association Research and Education 
     Foundation, Lincoln, NE;
       New York College of Osteopathic Medicine, Old Westbury, NY;
       New York Presbyterian Hospital, New York, NY;
       Newark Beth Israel Medical Center, Newark, NJ;
       Newark-Wayne Community Hospital, Newark, NY;
       Newport Hospital, Newport, RI;
       Newton Memorial Hospital, Newton, NJ;
       Niagara Falls Memorial Medical Center, Niagara Falls, NY;
       Norman Regional Health System, Norman, OK;
       NorthEast Ohio Neighborhood Health Services, Inc., 
     Cleveland, OH;
       Northeast Wisconsin Technical College, Green Bay, WI;
       Northern Dutchess Hospital, Rhinebeck, NY;
       Northern Westchester Hospital, Mount Kisco, NY;
       Northland Medical Center, Princeton, MN;
       Northwest Community Health Care, Pascoag, RI;
       Northwest Hospital Intermediate Care Unit, Randallstown, 
     MD;
       Northwest Kidney Centers, Seattle, WA;
       Northwest Nazarene University, Nampa, ID;
       Northwestern Memorial Hospital, Chicago, IL ;
       Oakland University School of Nursing, Rochester, MI;
       Oaklawn Adult Group Home, Goshen, IN;
       Oakwood Healthcare System Foundation, Dearborn, MI;
       Ocean Beach Hospital, Ilwaco, WA;
       Ohio State University Comprehensive Cancer Center, 
     Columbus, OH;
       Ohio State University Medical Center, Columbus, OH;
       Oklahoma University College of Medicine-Tulsa, Tulsa, OK;
       Olympic Community Action Program, Port Angeles, WA;
       Oregon Coast Community College, Newport, OR;
       Osceola County Health Department, Poinciana, FL;
       Osceola Medical Center, Osceola, WI;
       Our Lady of Lourdes Memorial Hospital, Binghamton, NY;
       Palisades Medical Center, North Bergen, NJ;
       Palmetto Health Foundation, Columbia, SC;
       Parkland Health Center, Farmington, MO;
       Passavant Area Hospital, Jacksonville, IL;
       Pattie A. Clay Regional Medical Center, Richmond, KY;
       Pee Dee Healthy Start, Florence, SC;
       Peninsula Hospital Center, New York, NY;
       People, Inc., Williamsville, NY;
       Peralta Community College, Oakland, CA;
       Person Memorial Hospital, Roxboro, NC;
       Phoenix Children's Hospital, Phoenix, AZ;
       Children's Health Center/Emergency Shelter, Placer County, 
     Auburn, CA;
       Pointe Coupee Better Access Community Health, New Roads, 
     LA;
       Ponce Center of Autism, Municipality of Ponce, PR;
       Powell County Medical Center, Deer Lodge, MT;
       Powell Valley Health Care, Powell, WY;
       Prairie Star Health Center, Hutchinson, KS;
       Preston Memorial Hospital, Kingwood, WV;
       Project Access Spokane, Spokane, WA;
       ProMedica Continuing Care Service Corporation, Adrian, MI;
       Provena Saint Joseph Hospital, Elgin, IL;
       Providence Health System, Anchorage, AK;
       Putnam Hospital Center, Carmel, NY;
       Quebrada Health Center, Municipality of Camuy, PR;
       Quincy Valley Medical Center, Quincy, WA;
       Rancho Santiago Community College District, Santa Ana, CA;
       Reading Hospital School of Nursing, West Reading, PA;
       Reformed Presbyterian Woman's Association, Pittsburgh, PA;
       Regional Children's Hospital, Johnson City, TN;
       Rhode Island Quality Institute, Providence, RI;
       Rio Arriba County, Espanola, NM;
       Riverside County Regional Medical Center, Moreno Valley, 
     CA;
       Riverside County Regional Medical Center, Moreno Valley, 
     CA;
       Riverside Health System, Newport News, VA;
       Roosevelt Hospital, New York, NY;
       Rosebud Sioux Tribe, Rosebud, SD;
       Roswell Park Cancer Institute, Buffalo, NY;
       Rural Health Technology Consortium Rush University Medical 
     Center, Chicago, IL;
       Saginaw Valley State University, University Center, MI; 
     Saint Mary's Health Care, Grand Rapids, MI;
       Sam Rogers Health Clinic, Kansas City, MO;
       San Antonio Hospital Foundation, Upland, CA;
       San Francisco Medical Center Outpatient Improvement 
     Programs, Inc., San Francisco, CA;
       San Mateo Medical Center Emergency Department, San Mateo 
     County, Redwood City, CA;
       San Ysidro Health Center, San Ysidro, CA;
       Sandoval County, Bernalillo, NM;
       Santa Rosa Memorial Hospital, Orange, CA;
       Schneck Medical Center, Seymour, IN;
       Scotland Memorial Hospital, Laurinburg, NC;
       Seattle Cancer Care Alliance, Seattle, WA;
       Sharp Rehabilitation Services, San Diego, CA;
       Shasta Community Health Center, Redding, CA;
       Shawano County Rural Health Initiative, Shawano, WI;
       Sidney Health Center, Sidney, MT;
       Sierra Nevada Memorial Foundation, Grass Valley, CA;
       Sistersvile General Hospital, Sisterville, WV;
       Skagit Valley Hospital Cancer Care Center, Mount Vernon, 
     WA;
       Soldiers and Sailors Memorial Hospital, Wellsboro, PA;
       Somerset Medical Center, Somerville, NJ;
       South Broward Hospital District, Hollywood, FL;
       South Carolina HIV/AIDS Council, Columbia, SC;
       South Nassau Communities Hospital, Oceanside, NY;
       South Shore Hospital, South Weymouth, MA;
       Southampton Hospital, Southampton, NY;
       Southeast Alabama Medical Center, Dothan, AL;
       Southeast Community College, Cumberland, KY;
       Southeast Missouri State University, Cape Girardeau, MO;
       Southern Methodist University, Dallas, TX;
       Southern Vermont Recreation Center Foundation, Springfield, 
     VT;
       Southwest Tennessee Community College, Memphis, TN;
       St James Hospital and Health Centers, Chicago Heights, IL;
       St. Agnes Hospital, Fresno, CA;
       St. Ambrose University, Davenport, IA;
       St. Anthony Community Hospital, Warwick, NY;
       St. Anthony Hospital, Chicago, IL;

[[Page H8062]]

       St. Anthony Memorial Health Centers, Hammond, IN;
       St. Bernard Health Center, Inc., Chalmette, LA;
       St. Bernardine Medical Center, San Bernardino, CA;
       St. Camillus Health and Rehabilitation Center, Syracuse, 
     NY;
       St. Catharine College, St. Catharine, KY;
       St. Charles Parish, LaPlace, LA;
       St. Clair Hospital, Pittsburgh, PA;
       St. Claire Regional Medical Center, Morehead, KY;
       St. Elizabeth Medical Center, Utica, NY;
       St. Francis Hospital, Escanaba, MI;
       St. Francis Medical Center, Trenton, NJ;
       St. James Parish Hospital, Lutcher, LA;
       St. John's North Shore Hospital, Harrison Township, MI;
       St. Joseph of the Pines, Southern Pines, NC;
       St. Joseph Regional Medical Center, South Bend, IN;
       St. Joseph's Hospital Mercy Care Services, Atlanta, GA;
       St. Joseph's Hospital, Buckhannon, WV;
       St. Joseph's Hospital, Savannah GA;
       St. Joseph's Regional Medical Center, Paterson, NJ;
       St. Joseph's/Candler Health System, Savannah, GA;
       St. Luke's Quakertown Hospital, Quakertown, PA;
       St. Luke's Regional Medical Center, Ltd. Boise, ID;
       St. Mary Medical Center Foundation, Langhorne, PA;
       St. Mary Medical Center, Apple Valley, CA;
       St. Mary's Hospital Foundation, Grand Junction, CO;
       St. Mary's Hospital, Madison, WI;
       St. Mary's Medical Center, Huntington, WV;
       St. Mary's Regional Medical Center, Reno, NV;
       St. Patrick Hospital and Health Sciences Center, Missoula, 
     MT;
       St. Peter's Hospital Foundation, Albany, NY;
       St. Petersburg College, St. Petersburg, FL;
       St. Vincent Hospital, Billings, MT;
       St. Vincent's Charity Hospital, Cleveland, OH;
       St. Vincent's Medical Center, Bridgeport, CT;
       St. Xavier University, Chicago, IL;
       Stamford Hospital, Stamford, CT;
       Stark Prescription Assistance Network, Canton, OH;
       State Fair Community College, Sedalia, MO;
       Stewart-Marchman Center, Inc., Daytona Beach, FL;
       Stony Point Ambulance Corps, Stony Point, NY;
       Summers County Commission, Hinton, WV;
       Swedish Covenant Hospital, Chicago, IL;
       Sylvan Grove Hospital, Jackson, MS;
       Tangipahoa Parish, Loranger, LA;
       Tarleton State University, Stephenville, TX;
       Tarrant County Infant Mortality Task Force, Ft. Worth, TX;
       Taylor Regional Hospital, Hawkinsville, GA;
       Temple Health and Bioscience Economic Development District, 
     Temple, TX;
       Teton Valley Hospital and Surgicenter, Driggs, ID;
       Texas A University--Kingsville, Kingsville, TX;
       Texas Institute for Genomic Medicine, College Station, TX;
       West Texas Center for Influenza Research, Education and 
     Treatment, Texas Tech University;
       Health Sciences Center, El Paso and Lubbock, TX;
       Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center, Lubbock, TX;
       Thomas Jefferson University Breast Cancer Center, 
     Philadelphia, PA;
       Thomason General Hospital, El Paso, TX;
       Thundermist Health Center, Woonsocket, RI;
       Tohono O'odham Nation, Sells, AZ;
       Toledo Children's Hospital, Toledo, OH;
       Tomorrow's Child/Michigan SIDS, Lansing, MI;
       Town of Argo, AL;
       Translational Genomics Research Institute, Phoenix, AZ;
       Transylvania Community Hospital, Inc., Brevard, NC;
       Tulare District Hospital, Tulare, CA;
       Tuomey Healthcare System, Sumter, SC;
       Twin City Hospital, Dennison, OH;
       Union Hospital, Terre Haute, IN;
       Uniontown Hospital, Uniontown, PA;
       Unity Health Care, Washington, DC;
       University Community Hospital/Pepin Heart Hospital, Tampa, 
     FL;
       University Health System, San Antonio, TX;
       University of Alabama, Tuscaloosa, AL;
       University of Arizona Medical Center, Tucson, AZ;
       University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences, Little Rock, 
     AR;
       University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences, Little Rock, 
     AR;
       University of Arkansas Medical School Cancer Research 
     Center, Little Rock, AR;
       University of California, Davis Health System, Sacramento, 
     CA;
       University of Chicago Hospitals, Chicago, IL;
       University of Illinois College of Medicine, Peoria, IL;
       University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA;
       University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA;
       University of Kansas Research Center, Lawrence, KS;
       University of Massachusetts Memorial Medical Center, 
     Worcester, MA;
       University of Memphis, Memphis, TN;
       University of Miami, Miami, FL;
       University of Michigan Health System, Ann Arbor, MI;
       University of North Alabama, Florence, AL;
       University of North Texas, Denton, TX;
       University of Northern Colorado, Greeley, CO;
       University of South Florida, Tampa, FL;
       University of Tennessee of Chattanooga, Chattanooga, TN;
       University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, 
     TX;
       University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, 
     TX;
       University of Virginia Health System, Charlottesville, VA;
       University of Wisconsin-Oshkosh, Oshkosh, WI;
       Utah Navajo Health System, Inc., Montezuma Creek, UT;
       Valley Cooperative Health Care, Hudson, WI;
       Vanguard University Nursing Center, Costa Mesa, CA;
       Village Network Boys' Village Campus, Wooster, OH;
       Virtua Memorial Hospital Burlington County, Mount Holly, 
     NJ;
       Visiting Nurse Association Healthcare Partners of Ohio, 
     Cleveland, OH;
       Wadsworth Rittman Hospital Foundation, Wadsworth, OH;
       Wake County, Raleigh, NC;
       Washington County, GA, Regional Medical Center, 
     Sandersville, GA;
       Washington Hospital Center, Washington, DC;
       Washington Parish, Bogalusa, LA;
       Wayne Memorial Hospital, Jesup, GA;
       West Jefferson Medical Center, Marrero, LA;
       West Shore Medical Center, Manistee, MI;
       West Side Community Health Services, St. Paul, MN;
       West Virginia University Hospital, Morgantown, WV;
       Western North Carolina Health System, Asheville, NC;
       Whidden Memorial Hospital, Everett, MA;
       White County Memorial Hospital, Monticello, IN;
       White Memorial Medical Center, Los Angeles, CA;
       White Plains Hospital Center, White Plains, NY;
       Whiteside County Department of Health, Rock Falls, IL;
       Whittemore Peterson Institute for Neuro-Immune Disease, 
     Sparks, NV;
       Wind River Community Health Center, Riverton, WY;
       Wing Memorial Hospital, Palmer, MA;
       Winneshiek Medical Center, Decorah, IA;
       Wolfson Children's Hospital, Jacksonville, FL;
       Woodhull Medical and Mental Health Center, Brooklyn, NY;
       Woodruff County Nursing Home, McCrory, AR;
       Wyoming County Community Hospital, Warsaw, NY;
       YMCA of Central Stark County, Canton, OH;
       York Memorial Hospital, York, PA;
       Youth Crisis Center, Jacksonville, FL;
       Zucker Hillside Hospital, Glen Oaks, NY;
       Alma Family Services, Monterey Park, CA;
       Bronx-Lebanon Hospital, New York, NY;
       Community Health Partnership, Santa Clara, CA;
       Hunterdon Medical Center, Flemington, NJ;
       Louisiana State University Health Sciences Center, 
     Shreveport, LA;
       Marymount University, Arlington, VA;
       Nassau University Medical Centers, East Meadow, NY;
       National Hispanic Medical Association, Washington, DC;
       Prince George's County, Upper Marlboro, MD;
       St. Luke's Community Free Clinic, Front Royal, VA;
       Thurston-Mason County Medical Society, Olympia, WA;
       Alabama Institute of the Deaf and Blind, Talladega, AL;
       Albany State University, Albany, GA;
       American Speech-Language-Hearing Foundation, Rockville, MD;
       Anne Arundel Community College, Arnold, MD;
       Armstrong Atlantic State University, Savannah, GA;
       Asnuntuck Community College, Enfield, CT;
       Azusa Pacific University, San Bernardino, CA for nursing 
     programs;
       Bellevue Community College, Bellevue, WA;
       Bemidji State University, Bemidji, MN;
       Bennett College for Women, Greensboro, NC;
       Berkshire Community College, Pittsfield, MA;
       Bluegrass Community and Technical College, Winchester, KY;
       Broward Community College, Broward County, FL;
       Bucknell University, Lewisburg, PA;
       Buena Vista University, Storm Lake, IA;
       Butler Community College, Andover, KS;
       Caldwell Community College and Technical Institute, Hudson, 
     NC;
       California Baptist University, Riverside, CA;

[[Page H8063]]

       California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo, 
     CA;
       California State University--Channel Islands, Camarillo, 
     CA;
       California State University--Fullerton, Fullerton, CA;
       Campbell University, Buies Creek, NC;
       Central Arizona College, Coolidge, AZ;
       Central Florida Community College, Ocala, FL;
       Central Methodist University, Fayette, MO;
       Central Piedmont Community College, Charlotte, NC;
       Central Washington University, Ellensburg, WA;
       Chemeketa Community College, Salem, OR;
       City College of New York, NY, Charles B. Rangel Center for 
     Public Service;
       Clark State Community College, Springfield, OH;
       Clayton College and State University, Morrow, GA;
       Clover Park Technical College, Lakewood, WA;
       College of Lake County, Grayslake, IL;
       College of Southern Idaho, Twin Falls, ID;
       College of Southern Maryland, LaPlata, MD;
        College of the Canyons, Santa Clarita, CA;
       College Success Foundation, Issaquah, WA;
       Community College of Allegheny County, Pittsburgh, PA;
       Community College of Beaver County, Monaca, PA;
       Consensus Organizing Center, San Diego, CA;
       Coppin State University, Baltimore, MD;
       Darton College, Albany, GA;
       Delaware County Community College, Media, PA;
       Des Moines Area Community College, Des Moines, IA;
       DeSales University, Center Valley, PA;
       Eastern Illinois University, Charleston, IL;
       Eastern Shore Community College Industrial Maintenance 
     Program, Melfa, VA;
       Eckerd College, St. Petersburg, FL;
       Edison College, Charlotte County Campus, Punta Gorda, FL;
       El Camino College, Torrance, CA;
       Greenfield Community College, Greenfield, MA;
       Harcum College, Bryn Mawr, PA;
       Harrisburg Area Community College, Harrisburg, PA;
       Harrisburg University of Science and Technology, 
     Harrisburg, PA;
       Herkimer County Community College, Herkimer, NY;
       Hiwassee College, Madisonville, TN;
       Holy Family University, Philadelphia, PA; I21Huntington 
     Junior College, WV;
       Huston-Tillotson University, Austin, TX;
       Institute for Advanced Learning and Research, Danville, VA;
       Ivy Tech Community College, Evansville, IN;
       Jackson State University, Jackson, MS;
       Elmira College, Elmira, NY;
       Florida Campus Compact, Tallahassee, FL;
       Florida Gulf Coast University, Ft. Myers, FL;
       Focus: HOPE, Detroit, MI;
       Franklin Pierce College, Rindge, NH;
       Frontier Community College, Fairfield, IL;
       Ft. Valley State University, Ft. Valley, GA;
       Gadsden State Community College, Gadsden, AL;
       Gateway Community and Technical College, Ft. Mitchell, KY;
       Gateway Community College, New Haven, CT;
       Gila County Community College, Globe, AZ;
       Grace College, Winona Lake, IN;
       Greenfield Community College, Greenfield, MA;
       Harcum College, Bryn Mawr, PA;
       Harrisburg Area Community College, Harrisburg, PA;
       Harrisburg University of Science and Technology, 
     Harrisburg, PA;
       Herkimer County Community College, Herkimer, NY;
       Hiwassee College, Madisonville, TN;
       Holy Family University, Philadelphia, PA;
       Huntington Junior College, WV;
       Huston-Tillotson University, Austin, TX;
       Institute for Advanced Learning and Research, Danville, VA;
       Ivy Tech Community College, Evansville, IN;
       Jackson State University, Jackson, MS;
       James Rumsey Technical Institute, Martinsburg, WV;
       Kent State University, New Philadelphia, OH;
       King's College, Wilkes-Barre, PA;
       La Sierra University, Riverside, CA;
       Lackawanna College, Scranton, PA;
       Lake City Community College, Lake City, FL;
       Latino Institute, Inc., Newark, NJ for its Latino Scholars 
     Program;
       Lewis and Clark Community College, Godfrey, IL, for its 
     National Great Rivers Research and Education Center;
       Lincoln College, Lincoln, IL for training, material 
     acquisition and purchase of equipment;
       Lincoln Memorial University College of Osteopathic 
     Medicine, Harrogate, TN for curriculum development;
       Linn-Benton Community College, Albany, OR for science and 
     health equipment and technology;
       Lorain County Community College, Elyria, OH for its library 
     and community resource center, which may include equipment 
     and technology;
       Los Angeles Valley College, Valley Glen, CA for its Solving 
     the Math Achievement Gap program;
       Advocating Change Together, Inc., St. Paul, MN;
       City of North Miami Beach, FL, North Miami Beach, FL;
       Jewish Vocational and Career Counseling Service, San 
     Francisco, CA;
       Vocational Guidance Services, Cleveland, OH;
       Access Community Health Center, Bloomingdale, IL;
       Advocate Health Care, Oak Brook, IL;
       Alfred University, Alfred, NY;
       American Red Cross, Lower Bucks County Chapter, Levittown, 
     PA;
       City and County of San Francisco Department of Public 
     Health, San Francisco, CA;
       City of Los Angeles, CA;
       Community Rehabilitation Center, Inc., Jacksonville, FL;
       Family Services of Greater Waterbury, Waterbury, CT;
       Family Support Systems Unlimited, Inc., Bronx, NY;
       Fulton County Department of Mental Health, Atlanta, GA;
       Heartland Health Outreach, Inc., Chicago, IL;
       Helen Wheeler Center for Community Mental Health, Kankakee, 
     IL;
       Holy Spirit Hospital, Camp Hill, PA;
       Indiana Wesleyan University, Marion, IN;
       Jewish Association for Residential Care, Farmington Hills, 
     MI;
       Kids Hope United, Waukegan, IL;
       New Image Homeless Shelter, Los Angeles, CA;
       Pacific Clinics, Arcadia, CA;
       Prime Time House, Inc., Torrington, CT;
       Ruth Rales Jewish Family Service, Boca Raton, FL ;
       Ventura County Probation Office, Ventura, CA;
       Ventura County Sheriff's Department, Thousand Oaks, CA;
       Youthville, Wichita, KS;
       Community Foundation for Greater New Haven, New Haven, CT;
       Fighting Back Partnership, Vallejo, CA;
       Institute for the Advanced Study of Black Families, 
     Oakland, CA;
       Operation SafeHouse, Riverside, CA;
       Partnership for a Drug-Free America, New York, NY;
       Shiloh Economic Development Center, Bryan, TX;
       South Boston Community Health Center, South Boston, MA;
       YMCA of the East Bay, Richmond, CA;
       City of Las Vegas, NV;
       City of Oxford, Oxford, MS;
       Fulton County, Atlanta, GA;
       Gavin Foundation, South Boston, MA;
       Glide Foundation, San Francisco, CA;
       Metro Homeless Youth Services of Los Angeles, Los Angeles, 
     CA;
       Minnesota Indian Women's Resource Center, Minneapolis, MN;
       Nassau University Medical Center, East Meadow, NY;
       Sandhills Teen Challenge, Carthage, NC;
       Sheriffs Youth Program of Minnesota, Inver Grove Heights, 
     MN;
       Talbert House, Cincinnati, OH;
       Trumbull County Lifelines, Warren, OH;
       Union Station Foundation, Pasadena, CA;
       United Way of Treasure Valley, Boise, ID;
       Wayne County Academy, Alpha, KY;
       WestCare Kentucky, Ashcamp, KY;
       Thurgood Marshall Legal Education Opportunity Program;
       B.J. Stupak Olympic Scholarship Program;
       Advanced Credentialing Program (National Board for 
     Professional Teaching Standards);
       Civic Education Program (Center for Civic Education and 
     National Council on Economic Education);
       Arts in Education Program (VSA Arts and John F. Kennedy 
     Center for the Performing Arts);
       National Technical Institute for the Deaf;
       Dislocated Workers National Reserve (National Center on 
     Education and the Economy);
       Susan Harwood Training Grant Program (Institutional 
     Competency Grants).

  The CHAIRMAN. Pursuant to the order of the House of today, the 
gentleman from Wisconsin (Mr. Obey) and a Member opposed each will 
control 5 minutes.
  The Chair recognizes the gentleman from Wisconsin.
  Mr. OBEY. Madam Chairman, this is I guess what I would call a put up 
or shut up amendment for the House.
  It is difficult for the press to cover budget stories because they 
are complicated. It is difficult for the press to cover stories about 
policy because they are complicated. But it is a whole lot easier for 
the press and for individual Members of this House to complain about 
some other Member, or in the case of the press any Member, trying to do 
something in his district, or in the case of a House Member complaining 
about somebody trying to do something in a different district.
  We have a constitutional right to direct spending. In fact, that is 
the primary power of the Congress, to direct the executive branch in 
the spending of the taxpayers' money. The executive branch in fact 
directs far more spending than does the Congress, and yet I

[[Page H8064]]

recognize a Member's individual right to object to any direct spending 
that is engaged in by the Congress or the executive branch.
  I would like to put that discussion in perspective. The last year 
that I was chairman of the Appropriations Committee this bill had no 
earmarks when it left the House. During the 12 years that the 
Republicans controlled this House, earmarks exploded to over 3,000.
  In this bill, we have cut earmarks back to 1,300. We have cut the 
dollar amount in this bill for earmarks back to a very small amount, 
less than half of the amount that was in the bill 2 years ago. In fact, 
as the percentage of the total bill, earmarks make up two-tenths of 1 
percent. Two-tenths of 1 percent. And yet, the debate on that two-
tenths of 1 percent has dominated in the press and dominated the 
congressional debate. That is ridiculous.
  But I am tired of having the committee serve as a punching bag for 
members of the press or Members of this body. I will be happy to play 
this issue flat, or I will be happy to play it round.

                              {time}  1800

  I'll be happy to bring a bill to the House floor with these earmarks, 
or without them. Those who know me well in this House know that I 
deeply resent the time that we have to take dealing with earmarks, and 
they know that the reason that I urged that we cut earmarks to 50 
percent of the previous level 2 years ago is not because I thought they 
were impure, but because I thought they were beginning to be so 
numerous that they were unmanageable.
  So today I'm going to give the House a choice. We've got lots of 
amendments pending before us on individual earmarks. I'm going to give 
the House a choice. I want the House to choose whether it wants to 
proceed with earmarks or not. If it does, then it will reject the 
amendment that I sent to the desk. If it doesn't want to proceed with 
these earmarks, then you can save a whole lot of time by knocking them 
all out with one vote. I invite you to put up or shut up, and make up 
your mind.
  I will be a neutral player in this. I will offer the amendment, and I 
will vote present so that I'm not pushing people to vote either for or 
against eliminating these earmarks.
  But I want, before we move to individual earmark debate, I want to 
know whether the House itself takes responsibility for the decision to 
move ahead with earmarks, or whether it doesn't. And if they want to 
decide no, be my guest. It will make my life a whole lot easier.
  It will do one thing that will bother me at night.
  The CHAIRMAN. The gentleman's time has expired.
  Mr. OBEY. It will give total authority to the executive branch, and 
that is not a healthy thing.
  Mr. WALSH of New York. Madam Chairman, I move to strike the last 
word.
  The CHAIRMAN. The gentleman is recognized for 5 minutes.
  Mr. WALSH of New York. Madam Chairman, I rise in opposition to the 
gentleman's amendment, and I do so knowing full well that this earmark 
issue is a very, very controversial issue these days.
  What prompts me to oppose the amendment is that I believe, having 
served here for now my 19th year, that the Constitution was very clear. 
The power of the purse resides in the Congress, in the House of 
Representatives. The Appropriations Committee is responsible for 
allocating those funds. Members of Congress know their districts and 
the needs of those districts better than anyone else does.
  Now, historically the administration has, through its budget director 
and its department heads, directed spending through the budget 
resolution in conjunction with Members of Congress and the budget 
committee. And I respect that.
  But they need to respect our priorities also. And I think all Members 
should respect the priorities of those individual Members who know 
their districts best.
  I think, as the chairman mentioned, this is a very small percentage 
of the overall Federal budget, remembering that the discretionary 
portion of the budget is only one-third of the entire Federal budget. 
And earmarks are a small percentage, less than 1 percent, I believe, of 
that discretionary portion of that one-third of the Federal budget.
  But these dollars make a difference in communities. They help with 
economic development; they provide housing where the Federal programs 
just don't fit.
  I came here as a city councilman. I saw all kinds of Federal programs 
that did not work for my community. And I said to myself, if I ever get 
to Washington and I have the ability to affect Federal policy, to make 
it more flexible, to make it work for my community, I will do that.
  Now, my dad served as mayor of Syracuse and then came here and served 
for three terms. He was here when revenue sharing began. Revenue 
sharing was all about helping local communities direct spending so that 
it better suited their needs. That was under the Nixon administration. 
It was a breakthrough. It was Federalism taken to its lowest common 
denominator so that the cities and the counties had the ability to make 
a difference and get some of those taxpayer dollars back and put them 
to work in their communities.
  So I think that the chairman is making a point here. I hope Members 
will oppose this amendment.
  And let me just say this: for the 40 years that the Democratic Party 
controlled the Congress, they may not have had earmarks in these bills, 
but they were not pure as the driven snow, Madam Chairman. The way they 
did it in the old days was the old bulls, who were primarily from the 
southern part of the country, who served as Chairs of the full 
committees and subcommittees on appropriations, and were here for 25, 
30, 40 years, they would just put the money in the bill. They knew 
where the money was. The chairman of that Department knew where the 
money was; and after the bill was signed, the chairman called up that 
Department Secretary and said, here's where you're going to spend the 
money.
  Now, what we did, I suppose, is we made a mistake by democratizing 
this process. We opened it up. We Republicans opened it up so that all 
Members would have the same opportunity, maybe not as much money, but 
the same opportunity to help their local communities.
  And, yes, there has been abuse. But the Members who've abused this, 
by and large, go to jail, and that's as it should be. If they break the 
rules, if they benefit themselves, if they stoke their own greed with 
taxpayers' dollars, they belong in jail.
  But let's not bring this whole appropriations process into question, 
because there is a rotten apple in every barrel, and we've got to find 
them out, and we do. And the system works in that respect.
  So let's oppose this amendment. We'll take votes on the individual 
earmarks. There's going to be lots of amendments to talk about. Those 
Members will come and they will defend them and, hopefully, make good 
arguments for them.
  But let's defeat this amendment and get back to work.
  Madam Chairman, I yield back the balance of my time.
  Mr. FLAKE. Madam Chairman, I claim the time in opposition.
  The CHAIRMAN. The gentleman from Arizona is recognized for 5 minutes.
  Mr. FLAKE. I'll claim time in opposition, but I have a feeling that 
I'm being talked into this rather quickly. By the end of this, I'll be 
very much in support. In fact, this is one of the best amendments 
already I think I've ever heard.
  The distinguished chairman of the Appropriations Committee mentioned 
that when he left the committee over a decade ago there were no 
earmarks in this bill. That's commendable. That's wonderful. We should 
go back to that.
  A Member just a few minutes ago talked about how critical this 
program was that somebody sought to cut funding for. Critical. Has to 
be there. I think we need a reminder that there were no House earmarks 
in this bill last year. No Labor-HHS earmarks. The world didn't come 
crashing to a halt. The year before that there were no earmarks in 
Labor-HHS because of political problems with it. The planets, as far as 
I know, stayed in orbit.
  We don't need these earmarks. I mean, when you look at the list that 
they'll soon be offering here for an

[[Page H8065]]

exploratorium in San Francisco, corporation for Jefferson's poplar 
forest, for expansion of exhibits and research, money for the Burpee 
Museum in Rockford, Illinois, or the Shedd Aquarium in Chicago, or for 
the American Jazz Museum or American Ballet Theater, are these things 
that the Federal Government has to be funding, or are they things that 
could be funded at the local level or by private entities?
  Are we simply supplanting the free market or private funding with 
more Federal funding here?
  The gentleman, distinguished chairman of the Appropriations 
Committee, makes a great point that it is our prerogative. We have the 
power of the purse. And we do. The problem with earmarking, in its 
contemporary form, is that we are circumventing the process here. We 
are telling the Federal agencies, we don't like what you're doing and 
so we'll one-up you. We'll make appropriations equally suspect to what 
you're doing, instead of saying, you know, that was a bad way to spend 
money, we're going to cut your funding. We're going to call you into 
hearings and ask you to explain why you're spending money 
irresponsibly. That is perfectly proper. We should be doing that.
  But, instead, what we're doing is saying, you think you can spend 
money willy-nilly; we'll show you. We're going to put 15,000 earmarks 
in this year, as we did a couple of years ago.
  I make no excuses for the Republican Party here. Earmarks have grown 
and became out of control on our watch. As the gentleman pointed out, 
there were some 1,400 earmarks in all appropriation bills in 1994. In 
2005 or 2006, I believe there were over 15,000. That's inexcusable. 
That's part of the reason we Republicans are here squarely in the 
minority today. That doesn't excuse us for saying, all right, we're 
still going to put 1,300 earmarks in this bill.
  The distinguished chairman of the Appropriations Committee wisely 
said weeks ago, we simply cannot police this process. We don't have 
enough staff on the Appropriations Committee. And he offered an 
alternative suggestion that we wait and find out what the earmarks 
were. None of us liked that alternative suggestion, but the premise was 
correct. We can't police these things.
  Just yesterday I came with an amendment to the Energy and Water bill, 
and we found out that the center for which the earmark was intended 
doesn't even exist. We've gone from the bridge to nowhere to the center 
that's nowhere. And still we funded it. We got only 98 votes opposed 
because of log-rolling that takes place here.
  So I certainly sympathize with what's going on here, and I appreciate 
the gentleman for what he's doing. We have a time-honored practice here 
in Congress of authorization, appropriation and oversight. Earmarking, 
in its contemporary form, circumvents that process, where we kick out 
authorization, we kick out oversight and we just appropriate. We do far 
too little of the authorizing and oversight, and we just appropriate. 
Whenever you do 1,300 earmarks in a bill, that's what you're doing. And 
I would submit that these haven't been scrubbed.
  Another earmark that I was to propose yesterday, the authors of the 
earmark came just before and withdrew, actually offered their own 
amendment to strip the earmark I was going to seek to limit funds for 
because it hadn't been adequately scrubbed, and they probably knew that 
it couldn't withstand the scrutiny that came on the House floor.
  But here we are, there's no way we can offer amendments for 1,300 
earmarks. We'd test the patience of the Members and this whole body. We 
can't do that. But neither can we, or should we go forward and simply 
approve these as if every Member who has an earmark has a right to it.
  So I would urge adoption of the amendment.
  The CHAIRMAN. The gentleman's time has expired.
  Mr. OBEY. Madam Chairman, I move to strike the last word.
  The CHAIRMAN. The gentleman from Wisconsin is recognized for 5 
minutes.
  Mr. OBEY. Madam Chairman, I want to make one thing perfectly clear. I 
indicated, when I offered this amendment, that I would vote 
``present.'' And the reason I want to do that is because I want every 
Member of this House to vote for or against this bill on final passage 
on the basis of what they think of it on the merits.
  And I want, both by my ``present'' vote and by my comments here, to 
make it perfectly clear to Members on both sides of the aisle that no 
matter how they vote on the issue of earmarks and no matter how they 
vote on the issue of substance, I don't intend to let one affect the 
other.
  I don't care whether Members vote to include earmarks or exclude 
them. And I will not do what was done to us 3 years ago when, after we 
voted against the Labor-H bill because we thought it provided 
inadequate funding for many national responsibilities, that virtually 
every single one of the earmarks for Democrats were stripped from the 
bill because of that vote.
  So as far as I'm concerned, as long as I'm in charge of this 
subcommittee, there will be no log-rolling with respect to this issue. 
As far as I'm concerned, this is an individual vote of conscience and 
of practical judgment on the part of each Member of the House.
  With respect to the record of Congress, Congress has earmarked funds 
since the beginning of the Republic. At least four of the appropriation 
bills are, by their nature, project oriented, so they must contain 
congressional earmarks.
  And I want to point out, if we're going to start making comparisons, 
the HHS Department, just 2 years ago, had $1.9 billion in funds that 
they shoveled out without being shoveled out on a competitive basis. 
That is the same, that is the executive branch functional equivalent 
earmarking. It is directed spending, whether it occurs in the Congress 
or in the executive branch. And the action of that Department alone 
represented direct spending in the amount seven times as large as the 
amount contained in this bill tonight on behalf of the Congress.
  So I want Members to vote however you want. But as I said, as far as 
I'm concerned, this is a put-up-or-shut-up amendment. If you want 
earmarks, vote for them. If you don't, vote against them. Either way 
I'll be a happy man.
  Madam Chairman, I yield back.
  The CHAIRMAN. The question is on the amendment offered by the 
gentleman from Wisconsin (Mr. Obey).
  The question was taken; and the Chairman announced that the noes 
appeared to have it.
  Mr. OBEY. Madam Chairman, I demand a recorded vote.
  The CHAIRMAN. Pursuant to clause 6 of rule XVIII, further proceedings 
on the amendment offered by the gentleman from Wisconsin will be 
postponed.

                              {time}  1815


         Amendment No. 40 Offered by Mr. Campbell of California

  Mr. CAMPBELL of California. Madam Chairman, I offer an amendment.
  The CHAIRMAN. Without objection, the Clerk will report the amendment.
  There was no objection.
  The Clerk read as follows:

       Amendment No. 40 offered by Mr. Campbell of California:
       At the end of the bill (before the short title), insert the 
     following:
       None of the funds in this Act may be used for the 
     following:
       Children Uniting Nations, Los Angeles, CA;
       Crisis Nursery of the Ozarks, Springfield, MO;
       Jefferson County, Golden, CO for child abuse prevention and 
     treatment programs;
       New York Center for Children, New York, NY;
       Shelter for Abused Women, Winchester, VA;
       Arrowhead Economic Opportunity Agency, Virginia, MN;
       Beth EI House, Alexandria, VA;
       Children's Home Society of South Dakota, Sioux Falls, SD;
       Christian Outreach of Lutherans, Waukegan, IL;
       Individual Development Account, City of Detroit, MI;
       Early childhood resource centers, City of Fort Worth, TX;
       Services for New Americans program, City of San Jose, CA;
       Cliff Hagan Boys and Girls Club--Mike Horn Unit, Owensboro, 
     KY;
       Communities In Schools, Bell-Coryell Counties, Inc., 
     Killeen, TX;
       Covenant House Florida, Ft. Lauderdale, FL;
       Eisner Pediatric and Family Medical Center, Los Angeles, 
     CA;
       Every Citizen Has Opportunities, Inc., Leesburg, VA;

[[Page H8066]]

       Family Center of Washington County, Montpelier, VT;
       First 5, Alameda County, San Leandro, CA;
       Friendship Circle of the South Bay, Redondo Beach, CA;
       Greater New Britain Teen Pregnancy Prevention, Inc., New-
     Britain, CT;
       Hamilton-Madison House, New York, NY;
       Healthy Learners Dillon, Columbia, SC;
       Helping Children Worldwide, Herndon, VA;
       Hennepin County Human Services and Public Health 
     Department, Minneapolis, MN;
       Hillside Family of Agencies, Rochester, NY;
       Hope Village for Children, Meridian, MS;
       Horizons for Homeless Children, Boston, MA;
       New American's Center, Kingsborough Community College, 
     Brooklyn, NY;
       L.I.F.T. Women's Resource Center, Detroit, MI;
       Lawrence County Social Services, New Castle, PA;
       Lutheran Social Services, Duluth, MN;
       Marcus Institute, Atlanta, GA;
       Mary's Family, Orlean, VA;
       Mecklenburg County, Charlotte, NC;
       Missouri Bootheel Regional Consortium, Portageville, MO;
       Monterey County Probation Department, Salinas, CA;
       Nashua Adult learning Center, Nashua, NH;
       National Energy Assistance Directors' Association, 
     Washington, DC;
       Network for Instructional TV, Inc., Reston, VA;
       Nurses for Newborns Foundation, St. Louis, MO;
       Organization of the NorthEast, Chicago, IL;
       Pediatric Interim Care Center, Kent, WA;
       Public Health Department, Solano County, Fairfield, CA;
       Sephardic Bikur Holim of Monmouth County, Deal, NJ;
       Stephen F. Austin State University, Nacogdoches, TX, 
     Southern Illinois University, Carbondale, IL;
       Susan Wesley Family Learning Center, East Prairie, MO;
       TLC for Children and Families, Inc., Olathe, KS;
       United Way Southeastern Michigan, Detroit, MN;
       Midwest Clinic for Autism Spectrum Disorders, University of 
     Central Missouri, Warrensburg, MO;
       Visitation Home, Inc., Yardville, NJ;
       Allied Jewish Federation of Colorado, Denver, CO;
       Amalgamated Warbasse Houses, Inc., Brooklyn, NY;
       California Senior Legal Hotline, Sacramento, CA;
       Durham-Chapel Hill Jewish Federation, Durham, NC;
       Howard Brown Health Center, Chicago, IL;
       Jewish Community Services of South Florida, North Miami, 
     FL;
       Jewish Family and Children's Service of Minneapolis, 
     Minnetonka, MN;
       Jewish Family Service of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM;
       Jewish Family Service, Los Angeles, CA;
       Jewish Family Services of Delaware, Inc., Wilmington, DE;
       Jewish Federation of Central New Jersey, Scotch Plains, NJ;
       Jewish Federation of Greater Monmouth County, NJ;
       Jewish Federation of Greater New Haven, Woodbridge, CT;
       Jewish Federation of Middlesex County, South River, NJ;
       Jewish Social Service Agency, Fairfax, VA;
       Shenandoah Area Agency on Aging, Front Royal, VA;
       United Jewish Communities of Metro West, NJ, Parsippany, 
     NJ;
       National Center on Smart Technology, University of Florida, 
     Gainesville, FL;
       Adler Aphasia Center, Maywood, NJ;
       Advocate Good Shepard Hospital, Barrington, IL;
       Alameda County Public Health Department, Office of AIDS 
     Administration, Oakland, CA;
       Vannie E. Cook Jr. Cancer Foundation, Baylor College of 
     Medicine, Houston, TX;
       Bayside Community Center, San Diego, CA;
       Berean Community & Family Life Center, Brooklyn, NY;
       Bienestar Human Services, Inc., Los Angeles, CA;
       Boys and Girls Club of Delaware County, Jay, OK;
       Center for Prevention of Childhood Obesity, California 
     State University-Fullerton, Fullerton, CA;
       Charles R. Drew Wellness Center, Columbia, SC;
       Charter County of Wayne, Michigan, Detroit, MI;
       Chez Panisse Foundation, Berkeley, CA;
       Children's Hunger Alliance, Columbus, OH;
       Center for Injury Research and Policy, Columbus Children's 
     Research Institute, Columbus, OH;
       Marin Breast County Research, County of Marin, San Rafael, 
     CA;
       CREATE Foundation, Tupelo, MS;
       County-wide Physical Fitness Assessment Pilot Project, 
     DuPage County, Wheaton, IL;
       East Carolina University, Brody School of Medicine, 
     Greenville, NC;
       EI Puente, Brooklyn, NY;
       Friends of the Congressional Glaucoma Caucus Foundation, 
     Lake Success, NY;
       Haitian American Association Against Cancer, Inc., Miami, 
     FL;
       Healthy Eating Lifestyle Principles, Monterey, CA;
       Home Instruction Program for Preschool Youngsters--Florida, 
     Coral Gables, FL;
       Ingalls Development Foundation, Harvey, IL;
       International Rett Syndrome Association, Clinton, MD;
       Kips Bay Boys and Girls Club, Bronx, NY;
       Asthma Education Center, Long Island University, Brooklyn, 
     NY;
       Louisville Department of Public Health and Wellness, 
     Louisville, KY;
       Center for Physical Activity, Middle Tennessee State 
     University, Murfreesboro, TN;
       Myositis Association, Washington, DC;
       Natividad Medical Center, Salinas, CA;
       Nevada Cancer Institute, Las Vegas, NV;
       North Shore Health Project, Gloucester, MA;
       Partners Enabling Active Rural Living Institute, Plymouth 
     State University, Plymouth, NH;
       Providence Cancer Center, Portland, OR;
       Pulmonary Hypertension Association, Silver Spring, MD;
       San Antonio Metropolitan Health District, San Antonio, TX;
       SHAREing and CAREing, Astoria, NY;
       Silent Spring Institute, Newton, MA;
       Southeastern Center for Emerging Biologic Threats, Atlanta, 
     GA;
       St. Elizabeth's Medical Center, Wabasha, MN;
       St. Francis Medical Center Foundation, Lynwood, CA;
       St. John's Regional Medical Center, Oxnard, CA;
       St. John's Well Child and Family Center, Los Angeles, CA;
       Interdisciplinary Diabetes Prevention and Management 
     Consortium, University of Arizona College of Medicine, 
     Tucson, AZ;
       University of Findlay Center for Public Health 
     Preparedness, Findlay, OH;
       Center for Minority Health, Education, Research and 
     Outreach, University of North Texas Health Science Center, 
     Fort Worth, TX;
       Initiative to Combat Obesity in Early Childhood, University 
     of South Florida, Tampa, FL;
       South Texas Border Health Disparities Center, University of 
     Texas Pan American, Edinburg, TX;
       Texas Health Science Center-Houston, School of Public 
     Health, University of Texas, Brownsville, TX;
       Virgin Islands Perinatal Inc., Christiansted, VI;
       Diabetes Research Initiative, Voorhees College, Denmark, 
     SC;
       Wayne County Department of Public Health, Detroit, MI;
       WestCare Foundation, Las Vegas, NV;
       Yale New Haven Hospital, New Haven, CT;
       YBH Project, Inc., Albany, GA;
       Access Health, Inc., Muskegon, MI;
       Bedford Ride, Bedford, VA;
       Bi-State Primary Care Association, Concord, NH;
       City and County of San Francisco Department of Public 
     Health, San Francisco, CA;
       Detroit Primary Care Access Project, Coleman A. Young 
     Muncipal Center, City of Detroit, MI;
       Waterbury Hospital, City of Waterbury, CT;
       Gadsden County, FL Quincy, FL;
       Jefferson Area Board for Aging, Charlottesville, VA;
       Orange County's Primary Care Access Network, Orlando, FL;
       Piedmont Hospital, Atlanta, GA;
       Thurston-Mason County Medical Society, Olympia, WA;
       Valley Hospice, Inc., Steubenville, OH;
       ABC Unified School District, Cerritos, CA;
       Chicago Academy and Chicago Academy High School, Academy 
     for Urban School leadership, Chicago, IL;
       Action for Bridgeport Community Development, Inc., 
     Bridgeport, CT;
       African-American Male Achievers Network, Inc., Inglewood, 
     CA;
       Akron Public Schools, OH for a Math, Science, and 
     Technology Community;
       Alamance-Burlington School District, Burlington, NC;
       All Kinds of Minds, Chapel Hill, NC;
       American Ballet Theatre, New York, NY;
       Amistad America, New Haven, CT;
       An Achievable Dream, Inc., Newport News, VA;
       Center for Mathematics Education and Innovation, Angelo 
     State University, San Angelo, TX;
       Apache County Schools, St. Johns, AZ;
       Arab City Schools, Arab, AL;
       AVANCE, Inc, EI Paso, TX;
       AVANCE, Inc., Del Rio, TX;
       AVANCE, Inc., Waco, TX;
       Barat Education Foundation, Lake Forest, IL;
       Bay Haven Charter Academy Middle School, Lynn Haven, FL;
       Language and Literacy Center, Baylor University, Waco, TX;
       Best Buddies International, Miami, FL;
       Best Buddies Maryland, Baltimore, MD;
       Big Top Chautauqua, WI;
       Idaho SySTEMic Solution, Boise State University, Boise, ID;
       Principal's Institute, Bowie State University, Bowie, MD;
       Boys & Girls Club of Hawaii, Honolulu, HI;
       Boys & Girls Town of Missouri, Columbia, MO;
       Boys and Girls Club of San Bernardino, CA;
       Automotive Technology Program, Bradford Area School 
     District, Bradford, PA;
       Student Success Center, Brookdale Community College, 
     Lincroft, NJ;

[[Page H8067]]

       Bushnell Center for the Performing Arts, Hartford, CT;
       Cal State Northridge Assessment and Accountability, 
     California State University Northridge, CA;
       At-Risk Youth Development Program, California State 
     University, San Bernardino, CA;
       Canton Symphony Orchestra Association, Canton, OH;
       National Music Education Program, Carnegie Hall, New York, 
     NY;
       Central County Occupational Center, San Jose, CA;
       Central Pennsylvania Institute of Science and Technology, 
     State College, PA;
       Centro de Salud Familiar Le Fe, EI Paso, TX;
       District Wide Instruction Using Technology, Charlotte 
     County School District, Port Charlotte, FL;
       Andre Agassi College Preparatory Academy, Charter School 
     Development Foundation, Las Vegas, NY;
       Place to Be After Three Middle School Program, City of 
     Fairfield, CA;
       City Schools, City of Gadsden, AL;
       Burbank Elementary School, City of Hayward, Hayward, CA;
       Indianapolis Center for Education Entrepreneurship, City of 
     Indianapolis, Indianapolis, IN;
       Newark Elementary School, City of Newark, Newark, CA for 
     after-school programs;
       Jacqueline Walsh School of the Performing and Visual Arts, 
     City of Pawtucket School Department, Pawtucket, RI;
       Pembroke Pines--Florida State University Charter School, 
     City of Pembroke Pines, FL;
       Early Start/Great Start School Readiness Initiative, City 
     of San Jose, CA;
       City of Springfield, MO for the Ready to Learn Program;
       City of Whittier, Whittier, CA for after-school programs, 
     which may include equipment;
       City School District of New Rochelle, New Rochelle, NY for 
     after-school learning centers;
       Clark County School District, Las Vegas, NY for the 
     Education Executive Leadership Program;
       Newcomer Academy, Clark County School District, Las Vegas, 
     NV;
       Clovis Unified School District, Center for Advanced 
     Research Technology, Clovis, CA;
       College Summit, Inc., Washington, DC;
       Communities in Schools--Northeast Texas, Mount Pleasant, 
     TX;
       Communities in Schools of Cochran and Bleckley County, 
     Cochran, GA;
       Communities in Schools of Coweta, Inc., Newnan, GA;
       Communities in Schools of Fitzgerald--Ben Hill County, 
     Fitzgerald, GA;
       Communities in Schools of Tacoma, Tacoma, WA;
       Communities in Schools, Austin, TX;
       Communities in Schools, San Fernando Valley, Inc., North 
     Hills, CA;
       Community Development Commission of the County of Los 
     Angeles, Monterey Park, CA;
       Community Service Society, New York, NY;
       Connecticut Technical High School System, Middletown, CT;
       Contra Costa College, Bridges to the Future Program, San 
     Pablo, CA;
       Cooperative Educational Service Agency No. 11;
       Cooperative Educational Service Agency No. 12, Ashland, WI;
       Cooperative Educational Service Agency No. 5, Portage, WI;
       Cooperative Educational Service Agency No. 9, Tomahawk, WI;
       County of San Diego, San Pasqual Academy, Escondido, CA;
       Cuyahoga County Board of County Commissioners, Cleveland, 
     OH;
       Starting Stronger Early Learning Initiative, Delaware 
     Department of Education, Dover, DE;
       Detroit Youth Foundation, Detroit, MI;
       DNA EpiCenter, Inc., New London, CT;
       Duval County Public Schools, Instructional Technology 
     Program, Jacksonville, FL;
       Edgar School District, Computer Technology center, Edgar, 
     WI;
       Edison and Ford Winter Estates Education Foundation;
       Education Partnership, Providence, RI;
       Education Service Center, Region 12, Hillsboro, TX;
       Ennis Independent School District, Advanced Via Individual 
     Determination (AVID) Program, Ennis, TX;
       Metropolitan Arts and Technology High School, Envision 
     Schools, San Francisco, CA;
       Erskine College, Fine Arts Network for Assisting Rural 
     Education, Due West, SC;
       Exploratorium, San Francisco, CA;
       Franklin Sherman Elementary School, Chesterbrook Elementary 
     School Fairfax County Public Schools, Fairfax, VA;
       Fairfax County Public Schools, Falls Church, emergency 
     medical services (EMS) Academy, Fairfax, VA;
       Fairhope Center for the Arts, Bay Minette, AL;
       Families In Schools, Los Angeles, CA;
       Fayetteville Technical Community College, Congressional 
     Scholars Program, Fayetteville, NC;
       Forward in the Fifth, Somerset, KY;
       Friends of the Children National, Portland, OR;
       George B. Thomas, Sr. Learning Academy, Inc., Bethesda, MD;
       Girl Scouts of the USA, Fair Play Initiative, New York, NY;
       Graham County Schools, Safford, AZ.;
       Guam Public School System, Chamorro language instruction 
     program, Hagatna, GU;
       Hamilton Wings, Elgin, IL;
       Harris County Department of Education, Cooperative for 
     After-School Enrichment, Houston, TX;
       Harvey Public School District 152, Harvey, IL;
       Hawaii Department of Education, Honolulu, Assistance to 
     Low-Performing Schools, HI;
       Hawk Mountain Sanctuary Association, Kempton, PA;
       Helen Keller International, New York, NY;
       High Plains Regional Education Cooperative, Raton, NM;
       Work-Scholarship Connection Youth Employment Training 
     Academy, Hillside Family of Agencies, Rochester, NY;
       Hoke County Schools, technology equipment, Raeford, NC;
       Houston Independent School District, Houston, TX;
       I KNOW I CAN, Columbus, OH;
       In Tune Foundation Group, Washington, DC;
       Independent School District 181, Brainerd Teacher Support 
     System, Brainerd, MN;
       Wyandanch High School, Institute for Student Achievement, 
     Lake Success, NY;
       Institute for Student Achievement, Lake Success, NY;
       Iowa City Community School District, ICCDS Technology Based 
     Early Literacy Program, Iowa City, IA;
       Ivy Tech Community College of Indiana--Southeast, Madison, 
     IN;
       Jacob Burns Film Center, Pleasantville, NY;
       Jazz at Lincoln Center, New York, NY;
       Jefferson County Public Schools, Technology Instruction, 
     Golden, CO;
       Jersey Shore Area School District, Jersey Shore, PA;
       JFYNetWorks, Boston, MA;
       Malden, Revere, and Framingham, MA;
       Joplin School District, Joplin, MO;
       Jumpstart for Young Children, Inc., Boston, MA;
       Jumpstart for Young Children, San Francisco, CA;
       Kelberman Center, Utica, NY;
       KIPP Foundation, San Francisco, CA;
       KIPP Delta College Preparatory School, Helena, AR;
       21st Century Community Learning Center, Logan Middle 
     School, La Crosse School District, La Crosse, WI;
       Learning Point Associates/North Central Regional Education 
     laboratory, Naperville, IL;
       Lee Pesky Learning Center, Boise, ID;
       Lemay Child & Family Center, St. Louis, MO;
       Los Angeles Conservation Corps, Los Angeles, CA;
       Louisiana Arts and Sciences Museum, Baton Rouge, LA;
       Louisiana Tech University, IDEA Place and SciTEC Classroom, 
     Ruston, LA;
       Lower East Side Conservancy, New York, NY;
       Madison County Schools, Computer Lab, Richmond, KY;
       Mesa Unified School District, Making Every Student 
     Accountable (MESA), Mesa, AZ;
       Military Heritage Center Foundation, Carlisle, PA;
       Miller County Development Authority, Colquit, GA;
       Milton S. Eisenhower Foundation, Washington, DC;
       Milwaukee Public Schools, Community Learning Centers, 
     Milwaukee, WI;
       Minnesota Humanities Commission, St. Paul, MN;
       Mississippi University for Women, Columbus, MS;
       Missouri State University, Springfield, MO;
       Monroe County School District, Technology Plan, Key West, 
     FL;
       Montgomery County Public Schools, Transition of Scientists 
     from the Laboratory to the Classroom Project, Rockville, MD;
       Mote Marine Laboratory, Sarasota, FL;
       Mount Hood Community College, Child Development Center, 
     Gresham, OR;
       National Center for Electronically Mediated Learning, Inc., 
     Milford, CT;
       National Council on Crime and Delinquency, Oakland, CA;
       National Cued Speech Association, Bethesda, MD;
       National Flight Academy, Naval Air Station Pensacola, FL;
       National Resource Center for Deafblindness, East 
     Greenville, PA;
       National Teacher's Hall of Fame, Emporia, KS;
       Neighborhood Youth Association, Venice, CA;
       New Mexico Public Education Department, Summer Reading and 
     Math Institutes, Santa Fe, NM;
       Newton Public Schools, Improvement of Education Program, 
     Newton, KS;
       North Carolina Agricultural and Technical University, 
     Suspension Intervention Program, Greensboro, NC;
       North Carolina Central University, Academic Enrichment 
     Saturday Academy, Durham, NC;
       North Carolina Symphony, Raleigh, NC;
       North Carolina Technology Association Education Foundation, 
     Raleigh, NC;
       North Philadelphia Youth Association, Philadelphia, PA;
       Northeast Louisiana Family Literacy Interagency Consortium;

[[Page H8068]]

       Northern Tier Industry & Education Consortium, Dimock, PA;
       Norwich Public School System, limited English proficiency, 
     Norwich, CT;
       Oakland Unified School District, Technology Integration 
     Project, Oakland, CA;
       O'Neill Sea Odyssey, Santa Cruz, CA;
       OneWorld Now!, Seattle, WA;
       Ossining Union Free School District, Ossining, NY;
       Parent Institute for Quality Education, San Diego, CA;
       PE4life, Kansas City, MO for physical education programs in 
     Titusville;
       People for People, Philadelphia, PA;
       Peru State College, Peru, Adopt-a-High School Program, NE;
       Philadelphia Academies, Inc., Philadelphia, PA;
       Pinal County Education Service Agency, Florence, AZ;
       Polk County Public Schools, Augmentative and Assistive 
     Technology Support Project, Bartow, FL;
       Port Chester--Rye Union Free School District, Port Chester, 
     NY;
       Project GRAD USA, Philadelphia, PA;
       Purdue University Calumet, Urban Academy, Hammond, IN;
       Queens Theatre in the Park, Flushing, NY;
       Renwick Public Schools, Technology Program, Andale, KS;
       Rio Rancho Public Schools, Cyber Academy, Rio Ranch, NM;
       Riverside Community College, School of Nursing/Middle 
     College, Riverside, CA;
       Riverside County Office of Education, Riverside, CA;
       Rockdale County Public Schools, Conyers, GA;
       Rose-Hulman Institute of Technology, Terre Haute, IN;
       Salesian Boys and Girls Club of Los Angeles, CA;
       San Bernardino City Unified School District, English and 
     Academic Skills for English Learners program, San Bernardino, 
     CA;
       San Bernardino County Superintendent of Schools, San 
     Bernardino, CA;
       San Joaquin County, Stockton, CA for its San Joaquin A Plus 
     tutoring program;
       San Mateo County, Redwood City, CA;
       School Board of Broward County, Fort Lauderdale, FL;
       Schultz Center for Teaching and Leadership, Jacksonville, 
     FL;
       Selden/Centereach Youth Association, Selden, NY;
       Silver Crescent Foundation, Charleston, SC;
       Sociedad Latina, Roxbury, MA;
       Southwestern University, Center for Hispanic Studies, 
     Georgetown, TX;
       Springboard for Improving Schools, San Francisco, CA;
       Academy of Arts and Academics, Springfield Public School 
     District No. 19, Springfield, OR;
       St. Mary's County Public Schools, Science and Technology 
     Academies, Leonardtown, MD;
       Elko, Nye, Douglas, Lyon and Churchill school districts, 
     State of Nevada Department of Education;
       Summit Educational Resources, Getzville, NY;
       Susannah Wesley Community Center, Honolulu, HI;
       Tampa Metropolitan YMCA, Tampa, FL;
       TSU Lab School, Texas Southern University, Houston, TX;
       Tomas Rivera Policy Institute, Los Angeles, CA;
       Mayor's Office of Children and Learning, Town of 
     Cumberland, Cumberland, RI;
       Towson University, Towson, MD for an education partnership 
     with the City of Baltimore, Baltimore City Public School 
     System and the Cherry Hill community;
       Tracy Joint Unified School District, Tracy, CA;
       Tri-County Educational Service, Wooster, OH;
       Trumbull County Educational Service Center, Niles, OH;
       Tulsa Public Schools, Academic Center, Tulsa, OK;
       Union County Public Schools, classrooms and labs, Monroe, 
     NC;
       Union Free School District of the Tarrytowns, after-school 
     and professional development programs, Sleepy Hollow, NY;
       University of Akron, Akron, STEM2 Education and Career 
     Pathways, OH;
       University of Alabama, Tuscaloosa, Manufacturing 
     Engineering Education, AL;
       USD 259, Wichita Public Schools, Wichita, KS;
       Valle Undo School District, Critical Math Technology, South 
     EI Monte, CA;
       Venango Technology Center, Oil City, PA;
       Vision Therapy Project, Casper, WY;
       Visually Impaired Preschool Services, Louisville, KY;
       Washington College, Chestertown, MD;
       Center for Community Education, Enrichment and Urban 
     Studies, Washington State University, Tacoma, WA;
       WE CARE San Jacinto Valley, Inc., San Jacinto, CA;
       West Contra Costa Unified School District, John F. Kennedy 
     High School Mary Gaddis;
       Architecture Construction and Engineering Academy, 
     Richmond, CA;
       White-Williams Scholars, Philadelphia, PA;
       Widener University, school readiness programs, Chester, PA;
       Wildlife Information Center, Inc., Slatington, PA;
       Williamsburg County First Steps, Kingstree, SC;
       Yonkers Public Schools, Yonkers, after school and summer 
     academic enrichment programs, NY;
       Youngstown City School District, pre-apprenticeship 
     program, OH;
       Youngstown State University, Rich Center for Autism 
     Technology, Youngstown, OH;
       YWCA of Gary, Gary, IN;
       Adelante Development Center, Albuquerque, NM;
       Agudath Israel of America Community Services, Inc., 
     Brooklyn, NY;
       Arc of Blackstone Valley, Pawtucket, RI;
       Bellingham Technical College, Bellingham, WA;
       Bismarck State College, Instrumentation and Control 
     Program, Bismarck, ND;
       Center for Excellence in Technology, Telecommunications and 
     Economic Development, Brookdale Community College, Center for 
     Excellence in Technology, Telecommunications and Economic 
     Development, Lincroft, NJ;
       Center for Employment Training, San Jose, CA;
       Central Carolina Tech College, Central Allied Health 
     Sciences Center, Sumter, SC;
       Central Maine Community College, Precision Manufacturing 
     Advantage, Auburn, ME;
       Chinese-American Planning Council, New York, NY;
       City College of San Francisco, Welcome Back Center, CA;
       City of Alexandria, automotive industry workforce 
     development and training initiative, VA;
       City of Baltimore, MD for the Park Heights Partnership for 
     Jobs;
       City of Milwaukee, WI for a project to train youth in 
     construction trades;
       City of Palmdale, Palmdale, CA for a business resource 
     network to enhance worker skills development;
       Suffolk Workforce Development Center, City of Suffolk, VA;
       Clarian Health Partners, Indianapolis, IN;
       College of Southern Maryland, La Plata, MD;
       Community Learning Center, Fort Worth, TX;
       Des Moines Area Community College, Arkeny, IA;
       Dillard University, New Orleans Workers Initiative, New 
     Orleans, LA;
       East Los Angeles Community Union, Los Angeles, CA;
       Easter Seals Arc of Northeast Indiana, Inc., Fort Wayne, 
     IN;
       Edgar Campbell Foundation, Philadelphia, PA;
       Employment & Economic Development Department of San Joaquin 
     County, Stockton, CA;
       Essex County Community Organization, Lynn, MA;
       Foundation of the Delaware County Chamber, Media, PA;
       Goodwill of Southern Nevada, North Las Vegas, NV;
       Greater Akron Chamber, Akron, OH;
       Groden Center, Providence, RI;
       Guam Community College, Mangilao, Guam;
       Hamilton County Government, Chattanooga, TN;
       Home of Life Community Development Corp., Chicago, IL;
       Homecare Workers Training Center, Los Angeles, CA;
       International Fellowship of Chaplains, Inc., Saginaw, MI;
       Iowa Valley Community College, Education and Training 
     Center, Marshalltown, IA;
       Center for Cybersecurity, Ivy Tech Community College of 
     Indiana--Columbus Region, Indianapolis, IN;
       Center for Health Information Technology, Ivy Tech 
     Community College of Indiana Lafayette, Indianapolis, IN;
       Kansas City Kansas Community College, Workforce Investment 
     demonstration program, Kansas City, KS;
       Northeast Ohio Advanced Manufacturing Institute, Kent State 
     University Trumbuli County, Warren, OH;
       Louisiana Delta Community College, Monroe, LA;
       Louisiana National Guard, Carville, LA;
       Manufacturing Association of Central New York, Syracuse, 
     NY;
       Massachusetts College of Pharmacy and Health Sciences, 
     Healthcare Professional Training Initiative, Manchester, NH;
       McHenry County Community College, F.A.S.T. Solutions, 
     Woodstock, IL;
       Minot State University, Job Corp Fellowship Training 
     Program, Minot, ND;
       Neighborhood First Program, Inc., Bristol, PA;
       Newlife Academy of Information Technology, East Liverpool, 
     OH;
       North West Pasadena Development Corp., Pasadena, CA;
       Northcott Neighborhood House, Milwaukee, WI;
       Oakland Community College, Emerging Sectors Educational 
     Consortium, Bloomfield Hills, MI;
       Opportunity, Inc., Highland Park, IL;
       Our Piece of the Pie, Hartford, CT;
       Parish of Rapides Career Solutions Center, Alexandria, LA;
       Philadelphia Shipyard Development Corporation, 
     Philadelphia, PA;
       Residential Construction Academy, Piedmont Virginia 
     Community College, Charlottesville, VA;
       Poder Learning Center, Chicago, IL;
       Precision Manufacturing Institute, Meadville, PA;

[[Page H8069]]

       Project One Inc., Louisville, KY;
       Project QUEST, Inc., San Antonio, TX;
       PRONTO of Long Island, Inc., Bayshore, NY;
       Schoenbaum Family Enrichment Center, Charleston, WV;
       Schuylkill Intermediate Unit 29, Marlin, PA;
       South Bay Workforce Investment Board, Hawthorne, CA;
       Southeast Missouri State University, Economic Workforce 
     Development Program, Cape Girardeau, MO;
       Southern University at Shreveport, Allied Health Program, 
     Shreveport, LA;
       Southside Virginia Community College, Heavy Equipment 
     training Center, Alberta, VA;
       Southwestern Oklahoma State University, Western Oklahoma 
     Business Commercialization Center, Weatherford, OK;
       St. Louis Agency on Training and Employment, St. Louis, MO;
       Towson University, Towson, MD;
       United Mine Workers of America, Career Center, Washington, 
     PA;
       University of West Florida, Hometown Heroes Teach Program, 
     Pensacola, FL;
       Veteran Community Initiatives, Inc., Johnstown, PA;
       Vincennes University, Heavy Equipment Training program, 
     Vincennes, IN;
       Wayne County, NY Planning Department, Lyons, NY;
       West Los Angeles College, Culver City, CA;
       Women Work and Community, Augusta, ME;
       A.O. Fox Memorial Hospital, Oneonta, NY;
       Access Community Health Network, Chicago, IL;
       Adirondack Medical Center, Saranac Lake, NY;
       Adrian College, Nursing Program, Adrian, MI;
       Adventist GlenOaks Hospital, Glendale Heights, FL;
       Adventist Health, Roseville, CA;
       Alamo Community College System, San Antonio, TX;
       Alaska Addictions Rehabilitation Services, Inc., Wasilla, 
     AK;
       Alderson-Broaddus College, Philippi, WV;
       Alice Hyde Medical Center, Malone, NY;
       Alleghany Memorial Hospital, Sparta, NC;
       Alle-Kiski Medical Center, Natrona Heights, PA;
       Alliance for NanoHealth, Houston, TX;
       AltaMed Health Services Corp., Los Angeles, CA;
       American Oncologic Hospital, Fox Chase Cancer Center, 
     Philadelphia, PA;
       LBJ Medical Center, American Samoa, Pago Pago, AQ;
       Amite County Medical Services, Liberty, MS;
       Arnold Palmer Hospital, Orlando, FL;
       Ashland County Oral Health Services, Ashland, OH;
       Asian Americans for Community Involvement, San Jose, CA;
       Association for Utah Community Health, Salt Lake City, UT;
       Atlantic Health Systems, Florham Park, NJ;
       Avis Goodwin Community Health Center, Dover, NH;
       Avista Adventist Hospital, Louisville, CO;
       Bad River Tribe of Lake Superior Chippewa, Odanah, WI;
       Ball Memorial Hospital, Muncie, IN;
       Baltimore City Health Department, Baltimore, MD;
       Baltimore Medical System, Baltimore, MD;
       Baptist Health Medical Center--Heber Springs, Heber 
     Springs, AR;
       Barnert Hospital, Paterson, NJ;
       Barnes-Kasson County Hospital, Susquehanna, PA;
       Barre Family Health Center, Barre, MA;
       Bay Area Medical Clinic, Marinette, WI;
       BayCare Health System, Clearwater, FL;
       Baylor Research Institute, Dallas, TX;
       Bayonne Medical Center, Bayonne, NJ;
       Baystate Health Systems, Springfield, MA;
       Beaumont Hospital, Royal Oak, MI;
       Health Science Center, Belmont University, Nashville, TN;
       Bemidji State University, nurse training program, Bemidji, 
     MN;
       Benedictine Hospital, Kingston, NY;
       Benefis Healthcare, Great Falls, MT;
       Berea Health Ministry Rural Health Clinic, Inc., Berea, KY;
       Bloomington Hospital Foundation, Bloomington IN;
       Bloomsburg Hospital, Bloomsburg, PA;
       Blount Memorial Hospital, Maryville, TN;
       Boone Hospital Center, Columbia, MO;
       Boriken-Neighborhood Health Center, New York, NY;
       Boscobel Area Health Care Boscobel, WI;
       Boston Medical Center, Boston, MA;
       Boston University Medical School, amyloidosis treatment, 
     Boston, MA;
       Bridge Community Health Clinic, Wausau, WI;
       Bridgeport Hospital, Bridgeport, CT;
       Brockton Neighborhood Health Center, Brockton, MA;
       Brookside Community Health Center, San Pablo, CA;
       Brunswick County, Bolivia, NC;
       Bryan W. Whitfield Hospital, Demopolis, AL;
       Bureau County Health Clinic, Princeton, IL;
       Cactus Health Services, Inc., Sanderson, TX;
       California Hospital Medical Center, Los Angeles, CA;
       California State University, Department of Nursing, 
     Bakersfield, CA;
       Camillus House, Inc, Miami, FL;
       Canonsburg General Hospital, Canonsburg, PA;
       Cape Cod Free Clinic and Community Health Center, Mashpee, 
     MA;
        Capital Park Family Health Center, Columbus, OH;
        Cardinal Stritch University, Agape Community Center, 
     Milwaukee, WI;
        Carolinas HealthCare System, Charlotte, NC;
        Carroll County Regional Medical Center, Carrollton, KY;
        Outpatient Mental Health Clinic, Carroll County Youth 
     Service Bureau, Westminster, MD;
        Center for Health Equity, Louisville, KY;
        Virtual Medical Skills Center, Central Wyoming College, 
     Riverton, WY;
        CentroMed, San Antonio, TX;
        Champlain Valley Physician's Hospital, Plattsburgh, NY;
        Charles A. Dean Memorial Hospital, Greenville, ME;
        Chatham County Safety Net Collaborative, Savannah, GA;
        Cherry Street Health Services, Grand Rapids, MI;
        Children's Friend and Family Services, Salem, MA;
        Children's Home of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA;
        Children's Hospital and Clinics of Minnesota, Minneapolis, 
     MN;
        Children's Hospital and Health System, Milwaukee, WI;
        Children's Hospital at Albany Medical Center, Albany, NY;
        Children's Hospital Medical Center of Akron, Akron, OH;
        Children's Hospital of Orange County, Mission Viejo, CA;
        Children's Hospital of the King's Daughters, Norfolk, VA;
        Children's Hospital, Denver, CO;
        Mobile Pediatric Health Simulation Center, Children's 
     Hospitals and Clinics of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN;
        Children's Medical Center, Dayton, OH;
        Children's Memorial Hospital, Chicago, IL;
        Children's National Medical Center, Washington, DC;
        Children's Specialized Hospital, Mountainside, NJ;
        Chippewa Valley Hospital, Durand, WI;
        Chiricaua Community Health Centers, Inc., Elfrida, AZ;
        Christian Health Care Center of New Jersey, Wyckoff, NJ;
        Christian Sarkine Autism Treatment Center, Indianapolis, 
     IN;
        Christus Santa Rosa's Children's Hospital, San Antonio, 
     TX;
        Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati, 
     OH;
        Citrus County Board of County Commissioners, Inverness, 
     FL;
        Travis County Hospital District, City of Austin, TX;
        City of Chesapeake, Pilot Project Use of Technology for 
     Targeted Public Health Intervention, VA;
        Senior Citizens' Center, City of Hueytown, AL;
        City of Oakland, Oakland Youth Center, CA;
        City of Stockton, Community & Health Center/Airport Way, 
     CA;
        City of Stonewall, Stonewall Primary Care Clinic, OK;
        Clarion Health Center, Clarion, PA;
        Cleveland Clinic Huron Hospital, East Cleveland, OH;
        Cobb County Government, Marietta Senior Health Center, GA;
        Coffeyville Regional Medical Center, Coffeyville, KS;
       Coles County Council on Aging, Mattoon, IL;
        College Misericordia, Dallas, PA;
        Collier County, Health Care Access for the Uninsured, 
     Naples, FL;
        Colorado State University, Fort Collins, CO;
        Columbia Memorial Hospital, Hudson, NY;
        Columbus Children's Hospital, Columbus, OH;
        Communi Care, Inc., Columbia, SC;
        Community College of Aurora, Combined Position Emission 
     Tomography (PET) and Computer Tomography (CT) Scanner, 
     Aurora, CO;
        Community Dental Services, Albuquerque, NM;
       Community Health Care, Tacoma, WA;
        Community Health Center of Franklin County, Turners Falls, 
     MA;
        Community Health Works, Forsyth, GA;
        Community Hospital of Bremen, Bremen, IN;
        Community Hospital TeleHealth Consortium, Lake Charles, 
     LA;
        Gleason House, Community Medical Centers, Stockton, CA;
        Comprehensive Community Action Program (CCAP), Cranston, 
     RI;
        Connecticut Hospice, Inc., Branford, CT;
        Cook Children's Medical Center, Fort Worth, TX;
        Cooperative Education Service Agency 11 Rural Health 
     Dental Clinic, Turtle Lake, WI;
        County of Modoc, Modoc Medical Center, Alturas, CA;
        County of Peoria, Bel-Wood Nursing Home, Peoria, FL;
        County of San Diego, Public Health Services, CA;
        Crousee Hospital, Syracuse, NY;
        Moss Higher Education Center, Crowder College--Nevada 
     Campus, Nevada, MO;
        Crozer-Chester Medical Center, Upland, PA;

[[Page H8070]]

        Cumberland Medical Center, Crossville, TN;
        Dartmouth-Hitchcock Medical Center, Lebanon, NH;
        Delaware Technical and Community College, Shaping the 
     Future of Delaware Citizens program, Dover, DE;
        Denver Health and Hospital Authority, Denver, CO;
        Des Moines University and Broadlawns Medical Center, Des 
     Moines, IA;
        Detroit Primary Care Access, Detroit, MI;
        Dixie County primary care facility, Cross City, FL;
        Dodge County Hospital, Eastman, GA;
        Drew County Memorial Hospital, Monticello, AR;
        DuBois Regional Medical Center, DuBois, PA;
        Metabolic Institute, East Carolina University, Greenville, 
     NC;
        East Tennessee Children's Hospital, Knoxville, TN;
        East Tennessee State University College of Pharmacy, 
     Johnson City, TN;
        Easter Seals of Mahoning, Trumbull, and Columbiana 
     Counties, Youngstown, OH;
        Eddy County, Regional Substance Abuse Rehabilitation 
     Center, Carlsbad, NM;
        Edgemoor Hospital, Santee, CA;
        Eisenhower Medical Center, Rancho Mirage, CA;
        Azusa Health Center, EI Proyecto del Barrio, Arleta, CA;
        EI Proyecto del Barrio, Winnetka, CA;
       Elizabeth City State University, School of Mathematics, 
     Elizabeth City, NC;
        Emerson Hospital, Concord, MA;
        Englewood Hospital and Medical Center, Englewood, NJ;
        Excela Health, Mt. Pleasant, PA;
        Fairfield Medical Center, Lancaster, OH;
        Fairview Southdale Hospital, Edina, MN;
        Harmony Center, Family and Children's Aid, Danbury, CT;
        Family Behavioral Resources, Greensburg, PA;
        Family Center of the Northern Neck, Inc; White Stone, VA;
        Family Health Center of Southern Oklahoma, Tishomingo, OK;
        Family HealthCare Network, Visalia, CA;
        Family Medicine Spokane, Spokane, WA;
        Florida Hospital College of Health Sciences, Orlando, FL;
        Autism Research and Treatment Center, Florida Institute of 
     Technology, Melbourne, FL;
        Floyd Valley Hospital, Le Mars, IA;
        Freeman Health System, Joplin, MO;
        Fulton County Medical Center, McConnellsburg, PA;
        Gardner Family Health Network, Inc., San Jose, CA;
        Gaston College, Health Education Institute, Dallas, NC;
        Gateway to Care, Houston, TX;
        Autism Early Identification Diagnostic and Treatment 
     Center, Gertrude A. Barber Center, Erie, PA;
        Glen Rose Medical Center, Glen Rose, TX;
        Glendale Adventist Medical Center, Glendale, CA;
        Glens Falls Hospital, Glens Falls, NY;
        Grady Health Systems, Atlanta, GA;
        Grandview Hospital, Dayton, OH;
        Greater Hudson Valley Family Health Center, Inc., 
     Newburgh, NY;
        Greater New Bedford Community Health Center, New Bedford, 
     MA;
        Griffin Hospital, Derby, CT;
        Gritman Medical Center, Moscow, ID;
        Gundersen Lutheran Health System, West Union, IA;
        Gunderson Lutheran, Decorah, IA;
        Halifax Regional Health System, South Boston, VA;
        Hamilton Community Health Network, Flint, MI;
        Hampton University, Cancer Treatment Initiative, Hampton, 
     VA;
        Harris County Hospital District, Houston, TX;
        Harris Methodist Erath County Hospital, Stephenville, TX;
        Hatzoloh EMS, Inc., Monsey, NY;
        Hawkeye Community College, Health and Fitness Center, 
     Waterloo, IA;
        Healing Tree Addiction Treatment Solutions, Inc., 
     Sterling, CO;
        HEALS Dental Clinic, Huntsville, AL;
        HealthCare Connection, Cincinnati, OH;
        HealthEast Care System, St. Paul, MN;
        Heartland Community Health Clinic, Peoria, IL;
       Hekloen Institute for Medical Research Beloved Community 
     Wellness Program, Chicago, IL;
       Helen DeVos Children's Hospital, Grand Rapids, MI;
       Henry Mayo Newhall Memorial Hospital, Valencia, CA;
       Highland Community Hospital, Picayune, MS;
       Highlands County, Veteran Services Building, Sebring, FL;
       Holy Name Hospital, Teaneck, NJ;
       Home Nursing Agency, Altoona, PA;
       Hormel Foundation, Austin, MN;
       Hospice of Northwest Ohio Toledo Center, Toledo, OH;
       Hospice of the Western Reserve, Cleveland, OH;
       Houston County Hospital District, Crockett, TX;
       Howard Community College, Radiologic Technology Program, 
     Columbia, MD;
       Hudson Alpha Institute for Biotechnology, Huntsville, AL;
       Hudson Headwaters Health Network, Inc., Glens Falls, NY;
       Humility of Mary Health Partners, Youngstown, OH;
       Humphreys County Memorial Hospital, Belzoni, MS;
       Hunterdon Medical Center, Flemington, NJ;
       Hunter's Hope Foundation, Orchard Park, NY;
       Huntsville Hospital, Huntsville, AL;
       Hurley Medical Center, Flint, MI;
       Idaho Caring Foundation, Inc., Boise, ID;
       Advanced Clinical Simulation Laboratory, Idaho State 
     University, Pocatello, ID;
       Illinois Masonic Medical Center, Chicago, IL;
       Illinois Primary Health Care Association, Springfield, IL;
       India Community Center, Milpitas, CA;
       School of Nursing, Indiana University Bloomington, IN;
       Northwest Indiana Health Research Institute, Indiana 
     University School of Medicine, Gary, IN;
       Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis, IN;
       School of Nursing, Indiana University Southeast, New 
     Albany, IN;
       Inland Behavioral Health Services, Inc., San Bernardino, 
     CA;
       Institute for Family Health, New Paltz, NY;
       Institute for Research and Rehabilitation, Houston, TX;
       INTEGRIS Health, Oklahoma City, OK;
       Intermountain Healthcare, Salt Lake City, UT;
       Jameson Hospital, New Castle, PA;
       Jasper Memorial Hospital, Monticello, GA;
       Jefferson Regional Medical Center Nursing School, Pine 
     Bluff, AR;
       Jenkins County GA, Hospital, Millen, GA;
       Bell Gardens Health Center, John Wesley Community Health 
     Institute, Bell Gardens, CA;
       Johnson Memorial Hospital, Stafford Springs, CT;
       Johnston Memorial Hospital, Smithfield, NC;
       Kalamazoo Valley Community College, Kalamazoo, MI;
       International Center for Spinal Cord Injury facility, 
     Kennedy Krieger Institute, Baltimore, MD;
       Kent State University Stark Campus, Health Building, North 
     Canton, OH;
       Kent State University, Health and Science Building, 
     Ashtabula, OH;
       Kilmichael Hospital, Kilmichael, MS;
       Kirkwood Community College, Advanced Medical Simulation 
     Instructional Center, Cedar Rapids, IA;
       Knox Community Hospital, Mount Vernon, OH;
       San Antonio Neighborhood Health Center, La Clinic de la 
     Raza, Oakland, CA;
       La Rabida Children's Hospital, Chicago, IL;
       Lakeland Community College, Regional Healthcare Workforce 
     Development Project, Kirtland, OH;
       Community and University Partnership Service, Lamar 
     University, Beaumont, TX;
       Lanai Women's Center, Lanai City, HI;
       Laurens County Health Care System, Clinton, SC;
       Lawrence Hospital Center, Bronxville, NY;
       League Against Cancer, Miami, FL;
       Liberty County, medical offices, FL, Bristol, FL;
       Liberty Regional Medical Center, Hinesville, GA;
       Limestone Community Care, Inc. Medical Clinic, Elkmont, AL;
       Lincoln Community Health Center, Durham, NC;
       Lincoln Medical and Mental Health Center, Bronx, NY;
       Lodi Memorial Hospital, Lodi, CA;
       Loretto in Syracuse, elderly health care facilities, 
     Syracuse, NY;
       Los Angeles Orthopaedic Hospital, Los Angeles, CA;
       Louisville Metro Department of Public Works, Louisville, 
     KY;
       Lourdes Medical Center of Burlington County, Willingboro, 
     NJ;
       Loyola University Health System, Maywood, IL;
       Lucile Packard Children's Hospital, Palo Alto, CA;
       Madison Center, South Bend, IN;
       Madison County Memorial Hospital, Rexburg, ID;
       Madison County, Nursing Homes, Virginia City, MT;
       Madison St. Joseph Health Center, Madisonville, TX;
       Maine Center for Marine Biotechnology, Gulf of Maine 
     Research Institute, Portland, ME;
       Maine Primary Care Association, Augusta, ME;
       Manchester Memorial Hospital, Manchester, CT;
       Marana Health Center, Marana, AZ;
       Marias Medical Center, Shelby, MT;
       Marquette General Hospital, Marquette, MI;
       Marshalltown Medical and Surgical Center, Marshalltown, IA;
       Mary Scott Nursing Center, Dayton, OH;
       Maryland State Dental Association, Columbia, MD;
       Center for Science and Health Professions, Maryville 
     University, St. Louis, MO;
       Mason County Board of Health, Maysville, KY;
       Massachusetts College of Pharmacy and Health Sciences, 
     Worcester, MA;
       Maury Regional Hospital, Columbia, TN;
       Meharry Medical College, Nashville, TN;
       Memorial Hermann Baptist Beaumont Hospital, Beaumont, TX;
       Memorial Hermann Healthcare System, Houston, TX;

[[Page H8071]]

       Memorial Hermann Southwest Hospital, Houston, TX;
       Mendocino Coast District Hospital, Fort Bragg, CA;
       Family Wellness Center, Menominee Indian Tribe of 
     Wisconsin, Keshena, WI;
       Mercy College of Northwest Ohio, Professional Education 
     Division, Toledo, OH;
       Mercy Health Foundation, Durango, CO;
       Mercy Hospital Grayling, Grayting, MI;
       Mercy Hospital, Buffalo, NY;
       Mercy Medical Center, Redding, CA;
       Mercy Medical Center--House of Mercy, Des Moines, IA;
       Mercy Memorial Hospital, Monroe, MI;
       Mercy Ministries Health Center, Laredo, TX;
       Mercy Suburban Hospital, Norristown, PA;
       Methodist Hospital of Southern California, Arcadia, CA;
       Methodist Hospital, Houston, TX;
       Metropolitan Hospital, New York, NY;
       Metro West Medical Center Framingham Union Hospital, 
     Framingham, MA;
       Miami Beach Community Health Center, Miami Beach, FL;
       Middle Tennessee State University, Center for Physical 
     Activity, Murfreesboro, TN;
       Middlesex Community College, Health Education Programs, 
     Lowell, MA;
       Middletown Regional Hospital, Middletown, OH;
       Mid-Ohio FoodBank, Columbus, OH;
       Miles Community College, Pathways to Careers in Healthcare, 
     Miles City, MT;
       Mission Hospitals, Asheville, NC;
       Missouri Delta Medical Center, Sikeston, MO;
       Monroe Clinic, Monroe, WI;
       Monroe County Hospital, Forsyth, GA;
       Montefiore Medical Center, Bronx, NY;
       Montgomery Area Nontraditional Equestrians, Pike Road, AL;
       Morehead State University, Healthy Communities Outreach and 
     Demonstration, Morehead, KY;
       Morris Heights Health Center, Inc., Bronx, NY;
       Morton Hospital and Medical Center, Taunton, MA;
       Mount Nittany Medical Center, State College, PA;
       Mount Vernon Hospital, Mount Vernon, NY;
       Mount Wachusett Community College, Northern Tier Healthcare 
     Simulated Instructional Mannequin System (SIMS), Gardner, MA;
       Muhlenberg Community Hospital, Greenville, KY;
       Naugatuck Valley Community College, Nursing Program, 
     Waterbury, CT;
       Nebraska Hospital Association Research and Education 
     Foundation, Lincoln, NE;
       New York College of Osteopathic Medicine, Old Westbury, NY;
       New York Presbyterian Hospital, New York, NY;
       Newark Beth Israel Medical Center, Newark, NJ;
       Newark-Wayne Community Hospital, Newark, NY;
       Newport Hospital Newport, RI;
       Newton Memorial Hospital, Newton, NJ;
       Niagara Falls Memorial Medical Center, Niagara Falls, NY;
       Norman Regional Health System, Norman, OK;
       NorthEast Ohio Neighborhood Health Services, Inc., 
     Cleveland, OH;
       Northeast Wisconsin Technical College, Green Bay, WI;
       Northern Dutchess Hospital Rhinebeck, NY;
       Northern Westchester Hospital, Mount Kisco, NY;
       Northland Medical Center, Princeton, MN;
       Northwest Community Health Care, Pascoag, RI;
       Northwest Hospital Intermediate Care Unit, Randallstown, 
     MD;
       Northwest Kidney Centers, Seattle, WA;
       Northwest Nazarene University, Nursing Facility, Nampa, ID;
       Northwestern Memorial Hospital, Chicago, IL;
       Oakland University School of Nursing, Rochester, MI;
       Oaklawn Adult Group Home, Goshen, IN;
       Oakwood Healthcare System Foundation, Dearborn, MI;
       Ocean Beach Hospital, Ilwaco, WA;
       James Cancer Survivorship Center, Ohio State University 
     Comprehensive Cancer Center, Columbus, OH;
       Ohio State University Medical Center, Columbus, OH;
       Oklahoma University College of Medicine--Tulsa, Tulsa, OK;
       Olympic Community Action Program, Port Angeles, WA;
       Oregon Coast Community College, Nursing Program, Newport, 
     OR;
       Osceola County Health Department, Poinciana, FL;
       Osceola Medical Center, Osceola, WI;
       Our Lady of Lourdes Memorial Hospital, Binghamton, NY;
       Palisades Medical Center, North Bergen, NJ;
       Palmetto Health Foundation, Columbia, SC;
       Parkland Health Center, Farmington, MO;
       Passavant Area Hospital, Jacksonville, IL;
       Pattie A. Clay Regional Medical Center, Richmond, KY;
       Pee Dee Healthy Start, Florence, SC;
       Peninsula Hospital Center, New York, NY;
       People, Inc., Williamsville, NY;
       Highland Hospital, Peralta Community College, Oakland, CA;
       Person Memorial Hospital, Roxboro, NC;
       Phoenix Children's Hospital, Phoenix, AZ;
       Children's Health Center/Emergency Shelter, Placer County, 
     Auburn, CA;
       Pointe Coupee Better Access Community Health, New Roads, 
     LA;
       Ponce Center of Autism, Municipality of Ponce, PR;
       Powell County Medical Center, Deer Lodge, MT;
       Powell Valley Health Care, Powell, WY;
       Prairie Star Health Center, Hutchinson, KS;
       Preston Memorial Hospital, Kingwood, WV;
       Project Access Spokane, Spokane, WA;
       ProMedica Continuing Care Service Corporation, Adrian, MI;
       Provena Saint Joseph Hospital, Elgin, IL;
       Providence Health System, Anchorage, AK;
       Putnam Hospital Center, Carmel, NY;
       Quebrada Health Center, Municipality of Camuy, PR;
       Quincy Valley Medical Center, Quincy, WA;
       Rancho Santiago Community College District, Public-Private 
     Medical Education Complex, Santa Ana, CA;
       Reading Hospital School of Nursing, West Reading, PA;
       Reformed Presbyterian Women's Association, Pittsburgh, PA;
       Regional Children's Hospital, Johnson City, TN;
       Rhode Island Quality Institute, Providence, RI;
       Health Commons, Rio Arriba County, Espanola, NM;
       Riverside County Regional Medical Center, Moreno Valley, 
     CA;
       Riverside Health System, Newport News, VA;
       Roosevelt Hospital, New York, NY;
       Rosebud Sioux Tribe, Rosebud, SD;
       Roswell Park Cancer Institute, Buffalo, NY;
       Rural Health Technology Consortium;
       Rush University Medical Center, Chicago, IL;
       Saginaw Valley State University, University Center, MI;
       Saint Mary's Health Care, Grand Rapids, MI;
       Sam Rogers Health Clinic, Kansas City, MO;
       San Antonio Hospital Foundation, Upland, CA;
       San Francisco Medical Center Outpatient Improvement 
     Programs, Inc., San Francisco, CA;
       San Mateo Medical Center Emergency Department, San Mateo 
     County, Redwood City, CA;
       San Ysidro Health Center, San Ysidro, CA;
       Sandoval County, Telemedicine Project, Bernalillo, NM;
       Santa Rosa Memorial Hospital, Orange, CA;
       Schneck Medical Center, Seymour, IN;
       Scotland Memorial Hospital, Laurinburg, NC;
       Seattle Cancer Care Alliance, Seattle, WA;
       Sharp Rehabilitation Services, San Diego, CA;
       Shasta Community Health Center, Redding, CA;
       Shawano County Rural Health Initiative, Shawano, WI;
       Sidney Health Center, Sidney, MT;
       Sierra Nevada Memorial Foundation, Grass Valley, CA;
       Sistersville General Hospital, Sisterville, WV;
       Skagit Valley Hospital Cancer Care Center, Mount Vernon, 
     WA;
       Soldiers and Sailors Memorial Hospital, Wellsboro, PA;
       Somerset Medical Center, Somerville, NJ;
       South Broward Hospital District, Hollywood, FL;
       South Carolina HIV/AIDS Council, Columbia, SC;
       South Nassau Communities Hospital, Oceanside, NY;
       South Shore Hospital, South Weymouth, MA;
       Southampton Hospital, Southampton, NY;
       Southeast Alabama Medical Center, Dothan, AL;
       Southeast Community College, Allied health training center, 
     Cumberland, KY;
       Southeast Missouri State University, Economic Workforce and 
     Development program, Cape Girardeau, MO;
       Southern Methodist University, Southwestern Consortium for 
     Anti-Infective and Virological Research, Dallas, TX;
       Southern Vermont Recreation Center Foundation, Springfield, 
     VT;
       Southwest Tennessee Community College, Nursing and 
     Biotechnology Program, Memphis, TN;
       St. James Hospital and Health Centers, Chicago Heights, IL;
       St. Agnes Hospital, Fresno, CA;
       St. Ambrose University, Davenport, IA;
       St. Anthony Community Hospital, Warwick, NY;
       St. Anthony Hospital, Chicago, IL;
       St. Anthony Memorial Health Centers, Hammond, IN;
       St. Bernard Health Center, Inc., Chalmette, LA;
       St. Bernardine Medical Center, San Bernardino, CA;
       St. Camillus Health and Rehabilitation Center, Syracuse, 
     NY;
       St. Catharine College, Allied Health and Sciences Education 
     Project, St. Catharine, KY;
       St. Charles Parish, LaPlace, LA;
       St. Clair Hospital, Pittsburgh, PA;
       St. Claire Regional Medical Center, Morehead, KY;

[[Page H8072]]

       St. Elizabeth Medical Center, Utica, NY;
       St. Francis Hospital, Escanaba, MI;
       St. Francis Medical Center, Trenton, NJ;
       St. James Parish Hospital, Lutcher, LA;
       St. John's North Shore Hospital, Harrison Township, MI;
       St. Joseph of the Pines, Southern Pines, NC;
       St. Joseph Regional Medical Center, South Bend, IN;
       St. Joseph's Hospital Mercy Care Services, Atlanta, GA;
       St. Joseph's Hospital, Buckhannon, WV;
       St. Joseph's Hospital, Savannah, GA;
       St. Joseph's Regional Medical Center, Paterson, NJ;
       St. Joseph's/Candler Health System, Savannah, GA;
       St. Luke's Quakertown Hospital, Quakertown, PA;
       St. Luke's Regional Medical Center, Ltd., Boise, ID;
       St. Mary Medical Center Foundation, Langhorne, PA;
       St. Mary Medical Center, Apple Valley, CA;
       St. Mary's Hospital Foundation, Grand Junction, CO;
       St. Mary's Hospital, Madison, WI;
       St. Mary's Medical Center, Huntington, WV;
       St. Mary's Regional Medical Center, Reno, NY;
       St. Patrick Hospital and Health Sciences Center, Missoula, 
     MT;
       St. Peter's Hospital Foundation, Albany, NY;
       St. Petersburg College, Orthotics and Prosthetics building, 
     St. Petersburg, FL;
       St. Vincent Hospital, Billings, MT;
       St. Vincent's Charity Hospital, Cleveland, OH;
       St. Vincent's Medical Center, Bridgeport, CT;
       St. Xavier University, Chicago, IL;
       Stamford Hospital, Stamford, CT;
       Stark Prescription Assistance Network, Canton, OH;
       State Fair Community College, Science and Allied Health 
     Center, Sedalia, MO;
       Stewart-Marchman Center, Inc., Daytona Beach, FL;
       Stony Point Ambulance Corps, Stony Point, NY;
       Appalachian Regional Healthcare Hospital, Summers County 
     Commission, Hinton, WV;
       Swedish Covenant Hospital, Chicago, IL;
       Sylvan Grove Hospital, Jackson, MS;
       Tangipahoa Parish, Loranger, LA;
       Rural Nursing Education Program, Tarleton State University, 
     Stephenville, TX;
       Tarrant County Infant Mortality Task Force, Ft. Worth, TX;
       Taylor Regional Hospital, Hawkinsville, GA;
       Temple Health and Bioscience Economic Development District, 
     Temple, TX;
       Teton Valley Hospital and Surgicenter, Driggs, ID;
       Texas A University--Kingsville, Animal Research Facility, 
     Kingsville, TX;
       Texas Institute for Genomic Medicine, College Station, TX;
       Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center, El Paso and 
     Lubbock, TX;
       Thomas Jefferson University Breast Cancer Center, 
     Philadelphia, PA;
       Thomason General Hospital, El Paso, TX;
       Thundermist Health Center, Woonsocket, RI;
       Tohono O'odham Nation, Sells, AZ;
       Toledo Children's Hospital, Toledo, OH;
       Tomorrow's Child/Michigan SIDS, Lansing, MI;
       Senior Citizens' Center for Health and Wellness, Town of 
     Argo, AL;
       Translational Genomics Research Institute, Phoenix, AZ;
       Transylvania Community Hospital, Inc., Brevard, NC;
       Tulare District Hospital, Tulare, CA;
       Tuomey Healthcare System, Sumter, SC;
       Twin City Hospital, Dennison, OH;
       Union Hospital, Terre Haute, IN;
       Uniontown Hospital, Uniontown, PA;
       Unity Health Care, Washington, DC;
       University Community Hospital/Pepin Heart Hospital, Tampa, 
     FL;
       University Health System, San Antonio, TX;
       University of Alabama, Tuscaloosa, AL;
       University of Arizona Medical Center, Tucson, AZ;
       University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences, Little Rock, 
     AR;
       Antenatal and Neonatal Guidelines, Education, and Learning 
     System, University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences, Little 
     Rock, AR;
       University of Arkansas Medical School Cancer Research 
     Center, Little Rock, AR;
       Center for Education, University of California, Davis 
     Health System, Sacramento, CA;
       University of Chicago Hospitals, Chicago, IL;
       University of Illinois College of Medicine, Peoria, IL;
       Public health research and education building, University 
     of Iowa, Iowa City, IA;
       Advanced biomedical research institute, University of Iowa, 
     Iowa City, IA;
       University of Kansas Research Center, Lawrence, KS;
       University of Massachusetts Memorial Medical Center, 
     Worcester, MA;
       University of Memphis, Health Building, Memphis, TN;
       Center for Research in Medical Education, University of 
     Miami, Miami, FL;
       C.S. Mott Children's and Women's Hospitals, University of 
     Michigan Health System, Ann Arbor, MI;
       University of North Alabama, Science and Health Facility, 
     Florence, AL;
       Center for Computational Epidemiology, University of North 
     Texas, Denton, TX;
       National Center for Nursing Education, University of 
     Northern Colorado, Greeley, CO;
       University of South Florida, Cancer Clinical Trials 
     Project, Tampa, FL;
       University of Tennessee of Chattanooga, Chattanooga, Low 
     Birth Weight Study Project, TN;
       University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, 
     TX;
       University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, 
     TX;
       University of Virginia Health System, Charlottesville, VA;
       University of Wisconsin-Oshkosh, Living Healthy Community 
     Clinic, Oshkosh, WI;
       Utah Navajo Health System, Inc., Montezuma Creek, UT;
       Valley Cooperative Health Care, Hudson, WI;
       Vanguard University Nursing Center, Costa Mesa, CA;
       Village Network Boys' Village Campus, Wooster, OH;
       Virtua Memorial Hospital Burlington County, Mount Holly, 
     NJ;
       Visiting Nurse Association Healthcare Partners of Ohio, 
     Cleveland, OH;
       Wadsworth Rittman Hospital Foundation, Wadsworth, OH;
       Holly Hill Hospital, Wake County, Raleigh, NC;
       Washington County, GA Regional Medical Center, 
     Sandersville, GA;
       Washington Hospital Center, Washington, DC;
       Washington Parish, Bogalusa, LA;
       Wayne Memorial Hospital. Jesup, GA;
       West Jefferson Medical Center, Marrero, LA;
       West Shore Medical Center, Manistee, MI;
       West Side Community Health Services, St. Paul, MN;
       West Virginia University Hospital, Morgantown, WV;
       Western North Carolina Health System, Asheville, NC;
       Whidden Memorial Hospital, Everett, MA;
       White County Memorial Hospital, Monticello, IN;
       White Memorial Medical Center, Los Angeles, CA;
       White Plains Hospital Center, White Plains, NY;
       Whiteside County Department of Health, Rock Falls, IL;
       Whittemore Peterson Institute for Neuro-Immune Disease, 
     Sparks, NV;
       Wind River Community Health Center, Riverton, WY;
       Wing Memorial Hospital, Palmer, MA Winneshiek Medical 
     Center, Decorah, IA;
       Wolfson Children's Hospital, Jacksonville, FL;
       Woodhull Medical and Mental Health Center, Brooklyn, NY;
       Woodruff County Nursing Home, McCrory, AR;
       Wyoming County Community Hospital, Warsaw, NY;
       YMCA of Central Stark County, Canton, OH;
       York Memorial Hospital, York, PA;
       Youth Crisis Center, Jacksonville, FL;
       Zucker Hillside Hospital, Glen Oaks, NY;
       Alma Family Services, Monterey Park, CA;
       Bronx-Lebanon Hospital, New York, NY;
       Community Health Partnership, Santa Clara, CA;
       Hunterdon Medical Center, Flemington, NJ;
       Louisiana State University Health Sciences Center, 
     Shreveport, LA;
       Marymount University, Nurse Managed Health Center, 
     Arlington, VA;
       Nassau University Medical Centers, East Meadow, NY;
       National Hispanic Medical Association, Washington, DC;
       Prince George's County, Health Insurance Media Campaign, 
     Upper Marlboro, MD;
       St. Luke's Community Free Clinic, Front Royal, VA;
       Thurston-Mason County Medical Society, Olympia, WA;
       Alabama Institute of the Deaf and Blind, Talladega, AL;
       Albany State University, African American Male Initiative, 
     Albany, GA;
       American Speech-Language-Hearing Foundation, Rockville, MD;
       Anne Arundel Community College, Center for Health, Science, 
     and Homeland Security, Arnold, MD;
       Armstrong Atlantic State University, Cyber Security 
     Research Initiative, Savannah, GA;
       Asnuntuck Community College, Manufacturing Technology 
     Center, Enfield, CT;
       Azusa Pacific University, School of Nursing, San 
     Bernardino, CA;
       Bellevue Community College, Building Safer Information 
     Technology project, Bellevue, WA;
       Beloit College, Science Building, Beloit, WI;
       Engineering technology center, Bemidji State University, 
     Bemidji, MN;
       Bennett College for Women, Suspension Intervention Program, 
     Greensboro, NC;
       Berkshire Community College, Access to Education 
     Initiative, Pittsfield, MA;
       Bluegrass Community and Technical College, Technology 
     Equipment, Winchester, KY;
       Broward Community College, Minority Center for Preparedness 
     and Prevention, Broward County, FL;

[[Page H8073]]

       Bucknell University, Environmental Initiative, Lewisburg, 
     PA;
       Buena Vista University, post secondary education online 
     curriculum, Storm Lake, IA;
       Butler Community College, technological worker training 
     program, Andover, KS;
       Caldwell Community College and Technical Institute, County 
     Teaching Center, Hudson, NC;
       California Baptist University, School of Engineering, 
     Riverside, CA;
       California Polytechnic State University, Animal Research, 
     San Luis Obispo, CA;
       California State University--Channel Islands, Regional 
     Clinical Simulation Technology Laboratory, Camarillo, CA;
       Ruby Gerontology Center, California State University--
     Fullerton, Fullerton, CA;
       Campbell University, Advancement for Underrepresented 
     Minority Pharmacists and Pharmaceutical Scientists Program, 
     Buies Creek, NC;
       Central Arizona College, Bilingual Nursing Program, 
     Coolidge, AZ;
       Central Florida Community College, Equine Studies 
     Curriculum, Ocala, FL;
       Central Methodist University, Novel Partnership, Fayette, 
     MO;
       Center for Integrated Emergency Response Training, Central 
     Piedmont Community College, Charlotte, NC;
       Central Washington University, Wine Quality Testing and 
     Education Initiative, Ellensburg, WA;
       Chemeketa Community College, Health Sciences Education 
     Center, Salem, OR;
       Charles B. Rangel Center for Public Service, City College 
     of New York, NY;
       Clark State Community College, Green County Campus, 
     Springfield, OH;
       Clayton College and State University, archival graduate 
     program, Morrow, GA;
       Institute for Environmental Sustainability in the 
     Workforce, Clover Park Technical College, Lakewood, WA;
       College of Lake County, Family English as a Second Language 
     Program, Grayslake, IL;
       College of Southern Idaho, Pro-Tech Program, Twin Falls, 
     ID;
       College of Southern Maryland, Construction and 
     Transportation Training, LaPlata, MD;
       College of the Canyons, Medical Lab Technician Degree 
     Program, Santa Clarita, CA;
       College Success Foundation, Issaquah, WA;
       Community College of Allegheny County, Technical Education, 
     Pittsburgh, PA;
       Community College of Beaver County, Aviation Sciences 
     Center, Monaca, PA;
       Consensus Organizing Center, San Diego, CA;
       Coppin State University, School of Nursing, Baltimore, MD;
       Darton College, Biomedical Technology Education, Albany, 
     GA;
       Delaware County Community College, Science, Engineering, 
     and Technology Complex, Media, PA;
       Jasper County Career Academy, Des Moines Area Community 
     College, Des Moines, ID;
       Digital Campus Initiative, DeSales University, Center 
     Valley, PA;
       Eastern Illinois University, Nursing Program, Charleston, 
     IL;
       Eastern Shore Community College Industrial Maintenance 
     Program, Melfa, VA;
       Eckerd College, educational technology initiative, St. 
     Petersburg, FL;
       Edison College, Nursing Program, Charlotte County Campus, 
     Punta Gorda, FL;
       El Camino College, Nursing Program, Torrance, CA;
       Teacher Education Enhancement Program, Elmira College, 
     Elmira, NY;
       Florida Campus Compact, Tallahassee, FL;
       Coastal Watershed Institute, Florida Gulf Coast University, 
     Ft. Myers, FL;
       Focus: HOPE, Detroit, MI;
       Franklin Pierce College, Bachelor of Science Degree in 
     Nursing Program Development, Rindge, NH;
       Frontier Community College, utility lineman training 
     program, Fairfield, IL;
       Ft. Valley State University, Teacher Preparation and 
     Research Center, Ft. Valley, GA;
       Gadsden State Community College, fiber optic planning and 
     development, Gadsden, AL;
       Center for Advanced Manufacturing Competitiveness, Gateway 
     Community and Technical College, Ft. Mitchell, KY;
       Gateway Community College, advanced manufacturing center, 
     New Haven, CT;
       Gila County Community College, registered nurses program, 
     Globe, AZ;
       Grace College, Access to Education for All Program, Winona 
     Lake, IN;
       Greenfield Community College, art training and education, 
     Greenfield, MA;
       Harcum College, laboratory and teaching facilities, Bryn 
     Mawr, PA;
       Harrisburg Area Community College, health department 
     equipment, Harrisburg, PA;
       Harrisburg University of Science and Technology, Academic 
     Development and Equipment, Harrisburg, PA;
       Herkimer County Community College, Renovation of Science 
     Laboratory, Herkimer, NY;
       Hiwassee College, dental hygiene program, Madisonville, TN;
       Holy Family University, Teaching with Technology for Nurses 
     Initiative, Philadelphia, PA;
       Huntington Junior College, Closed Captioning program, WV;
       Huston-Tillotson University, math and science education 
     initiative, Austin, TX;
       Institute for Advanced Learning and Research, Danville, VA;
       Ivy Tech Community College, equipment and curriculum, 
     Evansville, IN;
       Jackson State University, Osteopathic Medical School, 
     Jackson, MS;
       James Rumsey Technical Institute, Automotive Technology 
     Martinsburg, WV;
       Tuscarawas County campus, Kent State University, New 
     Philadelphia, OH;
       King's College, civic engagement and service learning, 
     Wilkes-Barre, PA;
       La Sierra University, Science Building, Riverside, CA;
       Extension center, Susquehanna County, Lackawanna College, 
     Scranton, PA;
       Lake City Community College, Math Initiative, Lake City, 
     FL;
       Latino Institute, Inc., Newark, NJ;
       National Great Rivers Research and Education Center, Lewis 
     and Clark Community College, Godfrey, IL;
       Lincoln College, training equipment and material, Lincoln, 
     IL;
       Lincoln Memorial University College of Osteopathic 
     Medicine, Curriculum Development, Harrogate, TN;
       Linn-Benton Community College, Science and Health 
     Equipment, Albany, OR;
       Lorain County Community College, Library and Community 
     Resource Center, Elyria, OH;
       Los Angeles Valley College, Solving the Math Achievement 
     Gap Program, Valley Glen, CA;
       Lyon College, emergency equipment, Batesville, AR;
       MacMurray College, Technology Upgrades, Jacksonville, IL;
       Madonna University, Curriculum Development and Disaster 
     Relief, Livonia, MI;
       Gateway Community College, Maricopa County Community 
     College, Tempe, AZ;
       Marymount Manhattan College, Minority Teacher Preparation, 
     New York, NY;
       Louisiana Academy for Innovative Teaching and Learning, 
     McNeese State University, Lake Charles, LA;
       Mesa Community College, Online Registered Nurses 
     Recertification Program, Mesa, AZ;
       Metropolitan State University, nursing education programs, 
     St. Paul, MN;
       Advanced Technology Center Midland College, Midland, TX;
       Midwestern University Chicago College of Pharmacy, Downers 
     Grove, IL;
       Institute for Civic Leadership, Mills College, Oakland, CA;
       Minnesota State Colleges and Universities, Office of the 
     Chancellor, St. Paul, MN;
       Mira Costa Community College District, Nursing Education, 
     Oceanside, CA;
       Marine technology center and estuarine education center, 
     Mississippi Gulf Coast Community College, Gautier, MS;
       Academic Support Center, Missouri State University-West 
     Plains, West Plains, MO;
       Monroe Community College, special needs preparedness 
     training program, Rochester, NY;
       Montgomery County Community College, Advanced Technologies 
     Initiative, Blue Bell, PA;
       Mount Ida College, Veterinary Technology Program, Newton, 
     MA;
       Veterinary Center, Murray State University, Hopkinsville, 
     KY;
       Nevada State College, Accelerated Nursing Program, 
     Henderson, NY;
       Jane Bancroft Cook Library, New College of Florida, 
     Sarasota, FL;
       Public Archaeology Laboratory, New College of Florida, 
     Sarasota, FL;
       Strategic Languages Resource Center, New College of 
     Florida, Sarasota, FL;
       New Hampshire Community Technical College-Manchester, 
     Manchester, NH;
       Niagara County Community College, Nursing Equipment, 
     Sanborn, NY;
       North Arkansas College, Center Campus (including the L.E. 
     ``Gene'' Durand Conference and Workforce Development Center), 
     Harrison, AR;
       Center for Engineering Technologies, North Carolina Center 
     for Engineering Technologies, Hickory, NC;
       Center for Nanoscience Technology Training, North Dakota 
     State College of Science, Wahpeton, ND;
       College of Engineering and Engineering Technology, Northern 
     Illinois University, DeKalb, IL;
       METS Center, Northern Kentucky University Research 
     Foundation, Highland Heights, KY;
       Northwest Shoals Community College, technology upgrades, 
     Phil Campbell, AL;
       Norwich University, Nursing Equipment and Technology, 
     Northfield, VT;
       Oakland Community College, International Education 
     Programs, Bloomfield Hills, MI;
       Oklahoma Panhandle State University, Water Testing 
     Facility, Goodwell, OK;
       Onondaga Community College, equipment and infrastructure 
     upgrades, Syracuse, NY;
       OGI School of Science and Engineering, Oregon Health and 
     Science University, Portland, OR;
       Owens Community College, First Responder Training 
     Initiative, Toledo, OH;
       Palm Beach Community College, technology enhancements, Lake 
     Worth, FL;
       Paula and Anthony Rich Center for the Study and Treatment 
     of Autism, Youngstown, OH;
       Philadelphia School District, CORE Philly Scholarship 
     Program, Philadelphia, PA;
       Center of Excellence for Homeland Security, Pierce College, 
     Tacoma, WA;
       Kansas Technology Center, Pittsburg State University, 
     Pittsburg, KS;
       Polk Community College, manufacturing and training 
     programs, Winter Haven, FL;
       Portland State University, Science Research Teaching, 
     Portland, OR;

[[Page H8074]]

       Prince George's Community College, Management Information 
     Upgrade, Largo, MD;
       Purchase College, State University of New York, Math and 
     Science Programs, Purchase, NY;
       Radford University, Medical Graduate School Feasibility 
     Study, Radford, VA;
       Rhode Island College, Portuguese and Lusophone Studies 
     Program, Providence, RI;
       Richard Stockton College of New Jersey, Curriculum 
     Development, Pomona, NJ;
       Richland Community College, Industrial Training Center, 
     Decatur, IL;
       Industrial Training Center, Richmond Community College, 
     Hamlet, NC;
       Rockford College, technology and telecommunications 
     equipment, Rockford, IL;
       Round Rock Higher Education Center, Round Rock, TX;
       Rutgers University School of Law-Camden, NJ;
       San Jacinto College, Healthcare Education and Training 
     Initiative, Pasadena, TX;
       Santa Clara University, Learning Commons and Library, Santa 
     Clara, CA;
       Seton Hall University, Life Science and Technology Center, 
     South Orange, NJ;
       Siena Heights University, Nursing Program, Adrian, MI;
       Silver Lake College, Nursing Program, Manitowoc, WI;
       Simpson College, Blank Performing Arts Center, Indianola, 
     IA;
       Sparks College, Close Captioning Program, Shelbyville, IL;
       St. Bonaventure University, Science Equipment Program, St. 
     Bonaventure, NY;
       St. Clair County Community College, Water Quality 
     Technology Program, Port Huron, MI;
       St. Francis College, Science, Technology, Engineering and 
     Math Initiative, Brooklyn, NY;
       St. Petersburg College, Long Distance Learning Program, St. 
     Petersburg, FL;
       State University of New York at Potsdam, Teacher Training 
     Initiative, Potsdam, NY;
       Sweetwater Education Foundation, Chula Vista, CA;
       Texas Chiropractic College, Pasadena, TX;
       Texas State Technical College, Manufacturing Workforce 
     Training, Waco, TX;
       Center for the Study of Addiction and Recovery, Texas Tech 
     University, Lubbock, TX;
       Tohono O'odham Community College, math and science 
     equipment and instruction materials, Sells, AZ;
       Tri-County Community College, Cherokee Center for Applied 
     Technology, Murphy, NC;
       Trident Technical College, Nursing Curriculum, Charleston, 
     SC;
       Trinity University, Educator's Technology Teaching 
     Laboratories, San Antonio, TX;
       University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ;
       Matsui Center for Politics and Public Service, University 
     of California at Berkeley, Berkeley, CA;
       University of Central Arkansas, technology training 
     initiative, Conway, AR;
       Lou Frey Institute of Politics, University of Central 
     Florida, Orlando, FL;
       College of Education, University of Florida, Gainesville, 
     FL;
       College of Pharmacy, University of Louisiana at Monroe, 
     Monroe, LA;
       University of Michigan Depression Center, Ann Arbor, MI;
       Teacher Leadership Initiative for School Improvement, 
     University of Montevallo, Montevallo, AL;
       American Indian Language Policy Research and Teacher 
     Training Center, University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM;
       Assistive technology center, University of North Carolina 
     at Wilmington, Wilmington, NC;
       University of North Florida, Virtual School Readiness 
     Incubator, Jacksonville, FL;
       University of Texas at Tyler, Keeping American Competitive: 
     Consortium for Science, Technology, Engineering, and Math 
     (STEM), Tyler, TX;
       University of Texas Medical Branch at Galveston, Galveston, 
     TX;
       University of Virginia Center for Politics, 
     Charlottesville, VA;
       University of Wisconsin-Marshfield, Marshfield, WI;
       Utah Valley State College, Center for the Study of Ethics, 
     Orem, UT;
       Vanguard University Nursing Center, Costa Mesa, CA;
       Waldorf College, science equipment and library resources, 
     Forest City, IA;
       Weber State University, Teaching Assistant Pathway to 
     Teaching (TAPT) Program, Ogden, UT;
       West Central Technical College, workforce development and 
     technical training, Waco, GA;
       West Chester University, Nursing Program Development, West 
     Chester, PA;
       Wisconsin Association of Independent Colleges and 
     Universities, Madison, WI;
       Wittenberg University, Teacher Training Initiative, 
     Springfield OH;
       York College City University of New York, York College 
     Aviation Institute, Jamaica, NY;
       Aerospace Museum of California Foundation, McClellan, CA;
       Alabama School of Math and Science, Mobile, AL;
       America's Black Holocaust Museum, Milwaukee, WI;
       American Airpower Museum, Farmingdale, NY;
       American Jazz Museum, Kansas City, MO;
       American West Heritage Center, Wellsville, UT;
       Anne Arundel County Trust for Preservation, Inc., 
     Annapolis, MD;
       Armory Center for the Arts, Pasadena, CA;
       Bandera County, Bandera, TX;
       Bellevue Arts Museum, Bellevue, WA;
       Boyle County Public library, Danville, KY;
       Burpee Museum, Rockford, IL;
       Charlotte County, FL, Archival System, Port Charlotte, FL;
       Children's Museum of Indianapolis, Indianapolis, IN;
       Children's Museum of Los Angeles, Van Nuys, CA;
       Cincinnati Museum Center, Cincinnati, OH;
       City of Chino Hills, Chino Hills, CA;
       College Park Aviation Museum, College Park, MD;
       Connecticut Historical Society Museum, Hartford, CT;
       Juvenile Hall Library, Contra Costa County, Martinez, CA;
       Corporation for Jefferson's Poplar Forest, Forest, VA;
       County of San Bernardino, San Bernardino, CA;
       Discovery Center of Idaho, Boise, ID;
       Everson Museum of Art of Syracuse, Syracuse, NY;
       Florida Holocaust Museum, St. Petersburg, FL;
       Florida Southern College, Frank Lloyd Wright Preservation 
     Achieve Wing, Lakeland, FL;
       George and Eleanor McGovern Library, Dakota Wesleyan 
     University, Mitchell, SD;
       George C. Marshall Foundation, Lexington, VA;
       George Washington University, Eleanor Roosevelt Papers 
     Project, Washington, DC;
       Heard Museum, Phoenix, AZ;
       Heckscher Museum of Art, Huntington, NY;
       Historic Hudson Valley, Tarrytown, NY;
       History Museum of East Ottertail County, Perham, MN;
       Impression 5 Science Center, Lansing, MI;
       Lola Public Library, Lola, KS;
       James A. Michener Art Museum, Doylestown, PA;
       Jefferson Barracks Heritage Foundation Museum, St. Louis, 
     MO;
       Kansas Regional Prisons Museum, Lansing, KS;
       Massie Heritage Center, Savannah, GA;
       Metropolitan Library System, Chicago, IL;
       Monterey Bay Aquarium, Monterey, CA;
       Morris Museum, Morristown, NJ;
       Museum of Aviation Foundation, Warner Robins, GA;
       Museum of Science and Technology, Syracuse, NY;
       Onondaga County Public Library, Syracuse, NY;
       Overton County Library, Livingston, TN;
       Pennsylvania State Police Historical, Educational and 
     Memorial Museum, Hershey, PA;
       Pico Rivera Library, Pico Rivera, CA;
       Portfolio Gallery and Education Center, St. Louis, MO;
       Ralph Mark Gilbert Civil Rights Museum, Savannah, GA;
       Rust College, Archival Equipment, Holly Springs, MS;
       Samuel Dorsky Museum of Art, State University of New York 
     at New Paltz, NY;
       San Gabriel Library, San Gabriel, CA;
       Shedd Aquarium, Chicago, IL;
       South Carolina Aquarium, Charleston, SC;
       South Florida Science Museum, West Palm Beach, FL;
       Texas Tech University, Virtual Vietnam Achieve, Lubbock, 
     TX;
       Tubman African American Museum, Macon, GA;
       Twin Cities Public Television, St. Paul, MN;
       James R. Slater Museum of Natural History, University of 
     Puget Sound, Tacoma, WA;
       Yolo County Library, Woodland, CA;
       Young At Art Children's Museum, Davie, FL;
       Advocating Change Together, Inc. St. Paul, MN;
       City of North Miami Beach, FL, North Miami Beach, FL;
       Jewish Vocational and Career Counseling Service, San 
     Francisco, CA;
       Vocational Guidance Services, Cleveland, OH;
       Access Community Health Center, Bloomingdale, IL;
       Advocate Health Care, Oak Brook, IL;
       Alfred University, Powell Institute for Children and 
     Families, Alfred, NY;
       American Red Cross, Lower Bucks County Chapter, Levittown, 
     PA;
       City and County of San Francisco Department of Public 
     Health, San Francisco, CA;
       City of Los Angeles, supportive housing services, CA;
       Community Rehabilitation Center, Inc., Jacksonville, FL;
       Family Services of Greater Waterbury, Waterbury, CT;
       Family Support Systems Unlimited, Inc., Bronx, NY;
       Fulton County Department of Mental Health, Atlanta, GA;
       Heartland Health Outreach, Inc., Chicago, IL;
       Helen Wheeler Center for Community Mental Health, Kankakee, 
     IL;
       Holy Spirit Hospital, Camp Hill, PA;
       Institute of Training in Addiction Studies, Indiana 
     Wesleyan University, Marion, IN;
       Jewish Association for Residential Care, Farmington Hills, 
     MI;
       Kids Hope United, Waukegan, IL;
       New Image Homeless Shelter, Los Angeles, CA;
       Pacific Clinics, Arcadia, CA;

[[Page H8075]]

       Prime Time House, Inc., Torrington, CT;
       Ruth Rales Jewish Family Service, Boca Raton, FL;
       Ventura County Probation Office, Ventura, CA;
       Ventura County Sheriffs Department, Thousand Oaks, CA;
       Adoption and trauma resource center, Youthville, Wichita, 
     KS;
       Community Foundation for Greater New Haven, New Haven, CT;
       Fighting Back Partnership, Vallejo, CA;
       Institute for the Advanced Study of Black Families, 
     Oakland, CA;
       Operation Safe House, Riverside, CA;
       Partnership for a Drug-Free America, New York, NY;
       Shiloh Economic Development Center, Bryan, TX;
       South Boston Community Health Center, South Boston, MA;
       YMCA of the East Bay, Richmond, CA;
       City of Las Vegas, EVOLVE program, NV;
       City of Oxford, Oxford, substance abuse treatment program, 
     MS;
       Fulton County government, Atlanta, Project Excell, CA;
       Gavin Foundation, South Boston, MA;
       Glide Foundation, San Francisco, CA;
       Metro Homeless Youth Services of Los Angeles, Los Angeles, 
     CA;
       Minnesota Indian Women's Resource Center, Minneapolis, MN;
       Nassau University Medical Center, East Meadow, NY;
       Sandhills Teen Challenge, Carthage, NC;
       Sheriffs Youth Program of Minnesota, Inver Grove Heights, 
     MN;
       Talbert House, Cincinnati, OH;
       Trumbull County Lifelines, Warren, OH;
       Union Station Foundation, Pasadena, CA;
       United Way of Treasure Valley, Boise, ID;
       Wayne County Academy, Alpha, KY;
       WestCare Kentucky, Ashcamp, KY;

  Mr. CAMPBELL of California (during the reading). Madam Chairman, I 
ask unanimous consent that the amendment be considered as read and 
printed in the Record.
  The CHAIRMAN. Is there objection to the request of the gentleman from 
California?
  Mr. OBEY. Madam Chairman, reserving the right to object, I am not 
sure we have this amendment. Would the Clerk designate and read the 
amendment, please?
  The CHAIRMAN. The Clerk will continue to read.
  Mr. OBEY. Madam Chairman, is this a multi-page amendment, could I 
ask? If it is, I don't want to delay the House.
  The CHAIRMAN. Without objection, the amendment is considered as read.
  Mr. DINGELL. Reserving the right to object, and I will not object, at 
what page and what section is the amendment offered by my good friend 
from California?
  The CHAIRMAN. The amendment is at the end of the bill.
  Mr. DINGELL. I thank the Chair.
  The CHAIRMAN. Pursuant to the order of the House of today, the 
gentleman from California (Mr. Campbell) and a Member opposed each will 
control 10 minutes.
  The Chair recognizes the gentleman from California.
  Mr. CAMPBELL of California. Madam Chairman, I yield myself such time 
as I may consume.
  I would like the House and certainly the esteemed chairman of the 
Appropriations Committee, the gentleman from Wisconsin, to know that 
this amendment is essentially identical to the amendment you just 
offered and proffered, and it is my intention to ask unanimous consent 
to withdraw this amendment. However, I would like the opportunity to 
talk about my rationale behind it.
  Mr. OBEY. Madam Chairman, will the gentleman yield?
  Mr. CAMPBELL of California. I would be happy to yield to the 
gentleman from Wisconsin.
  Mr. OBEY. Just answer one question. Does it affect every project in 
the bill?
  Mr. CAMPBELL of California. We drafted it with that intention, and it 
is my intention and expectation that it does.
  Mr. OBEY. I thank the gentleman.
  Mr. CAMPBELL of California. Madam Chairman, we already had a debate 
and discussion about whether there should be earmarks and whether there 
should not be earmarks. And let me just say that as much as I think 
there are many inappropriate earmarks, I don't think there have to be 
no earmarks, but I do think that the process under which we do these 
earmarks now is still flawed.
  Now, admittedly, it is frankly, more open than it was last year. But 
it is still not as transparent and still not as accountable as it 
should be. And I offered a few suggestions which I will run through 
quickly, and then I would like to yield to the gentleman from Arizona, 
as to things that I think we could do in this House in order to make 
earmarks completely transparent and completely accountable so that this 
House is not embarrassed by them because, frankly, we have been 
embarrassed by them in the past, and there are ones I believe that are 
embarrassing this House that are presently involved in this bill and 
some other bills and will be in the future.
  So my suggestions are simple. First, disclose all the earmark 
requests. Why should we not do that? When we enter a bill, it is 
disclosed. It is public knowledge that this is something we are trying 
to make a change on. If any Member wants to spend the taxpayers' money 
on something and they want to do an official form where they sign that 
says they have no financial interest, then why shouldn't that be made 
public?
  Let's put every earmark in the text of the bill. As I believe the 
gentleman from Wisconsin knows, it is very difficult to write 
amendments to take all the earmarks out of the bill because they are 
not actually written in the bill. So let's write them in the bill so 
that we do that.
  And the bill should fully disclose all earmarks with the requesting 
Member, the amounts, recipients, and the purpose at least a week before 
we bring them to the floor. We got the certifications less than 24 
hours, I think it was only about 12 hours, before we started debate on 
the last bill. And that is just not enough time to review or make clear 
what these amendments are.
  All earmarks should be available for discussion and open 
congressional hearing. If there are earmarks in a bill, there should be 
a congressional hearing on those earmarks. Now, that doesn't mean that 
if there are 200 that you are going to discuss every one, but certainly 
every one would be available for discussion at that point.
  All earmark programs should be previously authorized by Congress. If 
not, why do we even have an authorization process? If we are not going 
to follow it, if you are just going to be able to earmark anything you 
want, then why do we have an authorization process? And that is what I 
think is a lot of what has gone wrong with this process.
  They should serve a Federal interest or have some Federal nexus. The 
Federal Government does not, should not, cannot, will not fund every 
single need and every single desire of every Member and every person in 
this country. There are lots of things which are properly left to State 
and local governments and charitable organizations. So we should make 
it clear that we only spend Federal money on those things with a 
Federal nexus.
  No earmarks outside of a Member's own State. If the point of this is 
just to do things for your constituency, make sure you are doing things 
for your constituency.
  No earmarks for private entities without some kind of a competitive 
bid process. I will tell you a story of a defense contractor in my 
district who came to me and showed me this fine device, and I said, 
That's great, but how do I know it works? And if I knew it works, how 
do I know you are the best source for that? And if I knew you were the 
best source for that, how would I know that this is the right price for 
that? The answer is I don't think Members can know those things. So if 
it is a private entity, let's competitively bid it.
  Nine, no earmark can be added or increased in conference committee. 
That is a way to go around all of this. Let's make it that you take the 
Senate version or the House version but you don't make up a new one.
  And, finally, that the dollar amount of any earmark that is reduced 
by an amendment, that money should be saved to the taxpayer. It should 
go to debt reduction. It should go to deficit reduction. Congressman 
Culberson had a proposal in the Appropriations Committee, which was 
defeated, to do exactly that. And why shouldn't we do that? If there is 
money in a bill and we are not going to spend it on that, let's save it 
for the taxpayers. That is one of the ways we can reduce this deficit.
  So those are some thoughts that I have as to how this process can be 
improved.
  How much time do I have remaining, Madam Chairman?
  The CHAIRMAN. The gentleman has 5 minutes remaining.

[[Page H8076]]

  Mr. CAMPBELL of California. Madam Chairman, I yield 4 minutes to the 
gentleman from Arizona (Mr. Flake).
  Mr. FLAKE. Madam Chairman, I won't take 4 minutes, but I just want to 
commend the gentleman for bringing this forward and having such a 
thoughtful approach to earmarks.
  I should mention what we will hear today, I am sure many, many times, 
is that Members will come to the floor and say, It is my district, I 
know it best; and other Members will say, Let's defer to that Member 
because that Member knows his district better than anybody else, and, 
therefore, we should defer all spending decisions to that Member.
  Let me remind us all, though, that just a couple of weeks ago more 
than 100 Members from this side of the aisle and 149 Members from that 
side of the aisle voted to strike an earmark from a Member's district. 
So I hope that we don't hear that because that is not always the case.
  We make policy for the entire country, and we spend the taxpayers' 
money, and it is not always the case that any Member should have his or 
her way in their district.
  So I think that this is a thoughtful process and I would support 
this. It looks like that there are conflicting amendments that are 
similar, and I hope that one of them passes to strike all earmarks from 
the bill.
  Mr. CAMPBELL of California. Madam Chairman, how much time do I have 
remaining now?
  The CHAIRMAN. The gentleman has 4 minutes remaining.
  Mr. CAMPBELL of California. Madam Chairman, I yield 3 minutes to the 
gentleman from Texas (Mr. Hensarling).
  Mr. HENSARLING. Madam Chairman, I thank the gentleman for yielding, 
and I certainly thank him for his leadership in this institution on 
this very, very important subject.
  I will be supporting, I suppose, the chairman's amendment. He said he 
was not interested, I believe, in biasing the decision; so he will vote 
present, although I think that the distinguished chairman had voted 
against the gentleman from California's amendment yesterday on another 
bill. So I am not sure if the outcome hasn't already been prejudiced.
  Be that as it may, I have not been opposed to all earmarks. I 
understand the opportunity and constitutional responsibility that this 
body has. But as I have observed the process, the process, I believe, 
more often than not, has led to bad results. And particularly the bad 
result that I see and why I commend the gentleman from California for 
his leadership in this area is that I believe, more often than not, we 
help teach people to become more dependent upon the Federal Government. 
People who never thought about receiving a Federal earmark now come to 
their local Member of Congress. There was a time when many individuals 
would compete in the marketplace of ideas and compete in the 
marketplace for business and compete in the marketplace for charitable 
contributions, and now they are being taught they need to compete in 
the halls of Congress.
  I recall dealing with a large major medical research institute in my 
hometown of Dallas, Texas, that does world renowned science who was 
always happy to come and compete in a competitive bid process for 
research dollars at the National Institutes of Health, but they woke up 
one day and many other institutions instead were receiving earmarks; so 
now they went out and invested their money in a Washington lobbyist and 
they started receiving earmarks. I do not necessarily view this as a 
good thing.
  And I wish I had coined the phrase, but our colleague in the other 
body, the gentleman from Oklahoma, Mr. Coburn, once said that earmarks 
are the gateway drug to spending addiction. That may not be true in all 
cases, but it is certainly true in many cases. And more often than not, 
I fear that they represent a victory of special interests over the 
general interest. They represent a victory, often, of secrecy over 
transparency. Even now we are having trouble trying to put the dollar 
amounts with the Member, with the earmark. Certainly, I don't see the 
transparency that I thought that we would have seen from the committee 
on this matter.
  The CHAIRMAN. The time of the gentleman from Texas has expired.
  Mr. CAMPBELL of California. Madam Chairman, I intend to support the 
gentleman from Wisconsin's amendment. But I do believe, and I hope the 
gentleman from Wisconsin can hear me, that there is an alternative. 
There is something between the current very flawed process and no 
earmarks. I hope that we can engage in a discussion about this. I 
realize it is too late for it in this appropriations cycle but to 
discuss in the next appropriations cycle.
  Madam Chairman, I ask unanimous consent to withdraw my amendment 
since it is virtually identical to what the chairman has offered.
  The CHAIRMAN. Without objection, the amendment is withdrawn.
  There was no objection.


                   Amendment No. 19 Offered by Flake

  Mr. FLAKE. Madam Chairman, I offer an amendment.
  The CHAIRMAN. Without objection, the Clerk will report the amendment.
  There was no objection.
  The Clerk read as follows:

       Amendment No. 19 offered by Mr. Flake:
       At the end of the bill (before the short title), insert the 
     following:
       Sec. ___. (a) Limitation on Use of Funds.--None of the 
     funds in this Act shall be available for the Exploratorium, 
     San Francisco, California, for its Bay Area Science Teacher 
     Recruitment, Retention, and Improvement Initiative.
       (b) Corresponding Reduction of Funds.--The amount otherwise 
     provided by this Act for ``Department of Education--
     Innovation and Improvement'' is hereby reduced by $300,000.

  The CHAIRMAN. Pursuant to the order of the House of today, the 
gentleman from Arizona (Mr. Flake) and a Member opposed each will 
control 5 minutes.
  The Chair recognizes the gentleman from Arizona.
  Mr. FLAKE. Madam Chairman, this amendment would prevent $300,000 from 
funding the Exploratorium, a science museum in San Francisco, 
California, and reduces the cost of the bill by a consistent amount.
  Madam Chairman, when I came across this earmark, I decided that I 
would explore why a successful museum like this would request money 
from the Federal Government. According to the earmark description in 
the certification letter submitted to committee, the earmark would fund 
an initiative to promote professional development for science education 
teachers. But when my staff and I did research on this earmark, we 
found that a teacher development program already exists at the museum.
  According to the museum's Web site, the Teacher Institute trains 
teachers during the summer sessions, while they participate in a mix of 
learning experiences designed to help teachers with hands-on 
activities, inquiry, and strong science content.

                              {time}  1830

  The institute was founded by numerous corporate sponsors and 
foundations, including the Noyce Foundation and the Bank of America. 
All of the teachers who attend the Teacher Institute do so with private 
support. Again, why is the Federal Government funding an initiative 
that corporations can and do already fund?
  The Exploratorium is a science museum that consists of 400 exhibits 
of art, science and the human perspective. It had over 600,000 visitors 
just last year. Cost of admission is $14 for adults, $9 for children. 
Income from government sources, both local and Federal, is almost $12 
million. Nearly $9 million was contributed from individuals, 
corporations and foundations. It hardly seems that this museum is in 
some kind of financial straits, especially to the point that taxpayers 
around the country should be asked to help fund a program that would 
benefit only teachers from one small area of the country.
  I don't disagree with the sponsor's desire for qualified science 
teachers in the classroom. Qualified teachers are necessary. But I do 
take issue with the increase in spending. This bill represents an 
increase of over $10 billion above the President's request and more 
than $2 billion over the Senate bill.
  Spending has got to stop somewhere. I urge my colleagues to support 
this amendment. Again, we are simply stopping $300,000 for a museum 
that has a budget of some $12 million.

[[Page H8077]]

  With that, Madam Chairman, I reserve the balance of my time.
  Mr. OBEY. Madam Chairman, I move to strike the last word.
  The CHAIRMAN. The gentleman from Wisconsin is recognized for 5 
minutes.
  Mr. OBEY. Let me simply say, Madam Chairman, that there is nothing in 
the world more deadly than a dull science teacher. I know from long, 
personal experience, and so does one of my sons. Let me say that this 
earmark is meant to correct that problem in at least one area of the 
country.
  The funds that are attacked by this amendment are for the Bay Area 
Science Teacher Recruitment, Retention and Improvement Initiative, 
which supports the professional development of the K-12 science teacher 
workforce of the Bay Area, with a particular focus on the needs of 
underserved schools. These funds would be used for professional 
development programs consisting of summer workshops and academic year 
follow-up activities for 500 science education teachers, online 
professional development activities, and curriculum development.
  This initiative is being conducted by the Exploratorium, a private, 
nonprofit science museum in San Francisco. It is a longstanding program 
of professional development for science teachers. It has been awarded 
more National Science Foundation grants than any other museum. Those 
funds will significantly increase the number of teachers served.
  Recruitment and retention of science teachers is a major problem in 
the Bay Area, with over 50 percent of new science teachers leaving the 
workforce within 5 years, causing ongoing shortages, particularly in 
high-poverty urban school districts.
  It is estimated that in the Bay Area urban school districts, more 
than 40 percent of high school teachers, 60 percent of middle school 
teachers, and 90 percent of newly hired science teachers are teaching 
at least one science course for which they are not technically 
qualified. High school science students in schools serving large 
minority populations are twice as likely to be taught by an unqualified 
teacher, according to the National Center for Education Statistics.
  This program is consistent with the bipartisan White House and 
Congressional Priorities for Science, Technology, Engineering and Math, 
the STEM program, and the U.S. Competitiveness Initiative.
  Madam Chairman, I yield back the balance of my time.
  Mr. FLAKE. Madam Chairman, I would have hoped that the sponsor of the 
amendment, which I believe is the Speaker of the House, would have come 
here to defend it or talk more about it.
  That was a nice description, but again, the point isn't whether this 
is a worthy program or not or whether or not we need science teachers. 
I've had some rather dull ones as well, and I would rather have ones 
that are taught well and can teach well. But this museum has $12 
million in revenue. This is 300,000 additional dollars given by the 
Federal Government. Why are we doing this? It's not because it's 
needed. It's because somebody can.
  I would submit that when we are running a deficit like we are in this 
country and we have the debt like we do, why in the world are we doing 
this? What possible nexus is there for the Federal Government to come 
in and supplant private dollars with taxpayer dollars?
  With that, I would urge adoption of the amendment.
  Madam Chairman, I yield back the balance of my time.
  Mr. HONDA. Madam Chairman, I rise in opposition to the amendment.
  The CHAIRMAN. The gentleman from California is recognized for 5 
minutes.
  Mr. HONDA. Madam Chairman, it's interesting that folks would be 
making judgment about what I consider an educational facility. I am a 
science teacher and a good one. I was a student. I grew up in south 
Chicago where there were other facilities like the Museum of Science & 
Industry and the Museum of Natural History, without which, as a 
youngster, I might have gotten more in trouble if I weren't interested 
in those facilities. It provided me a place to learn in a very casual 
way, but it was imprinted in me for my life.
  The Exploratorium, I went there as a student when I was in grade 
school, and I remember all the experiences I had there. And as a 
science teacher, I took my classes there. $300,000 is a very small 
investment for a facility like this.
  And by the way, I thought that we were always supportive of public/
private ventures, and this is one of them. This Exploratorium is not a 
private facility either. It's open to the public for anyone who wishes 
to visit it and learn from it. Why, even people from Arizona can come 
and enjoy the kind of instruction that's in there. For me, it was life-
long learning as a science teacher. It was a great facility to engage 
my students and expand their thinking.
  And so I think that this is a wonderful investment. And in the words 
of people from Silicon Valley, ``return on investment is what you 
get.''
  Madam Chairman, I yield back the balance of my time.
  The CHAIRMAN. The question is on the amendment offered by the 
gentleman from Arizona (Mr. Flake).
  The question was taken; and the Chairman announced that the noes 
appeared to have it.
  Mr. FLAKE. Madam Chairman, I demand a recorded vote.
  The CHAIRMAN. Pursuant to clause 6 of rule XVIII, further proceedings 
on the amendment offered by the gentleman from Arizona will be 
postponed.


                    Amendment Offered by Mr. Dingell

  Mr. DINGELL. Madam Chairman, I offer an amendment.
  The CHAIRMAN. Without objection, the Clerk will report the amendment.
  There was no objection.
  The Clerk read as follows:

       Amendment offered by Mr. Dingell:
       At the end of the bill (before the short title), insert the 
     following:
       Sec. ___. None of the funds made available in this Act may 
     be used to pay the basic pay of any individual serving as 
     Deputy Commissioner of Social Security, Social Security 
     Administration, whose appointment to such position has not 
     been confirmed by a vote of the Senate pursuant to section 
     702(b)(1) of the Social Security Act.

  The CHAIRMAN. Pursuant to the order of the House of today, the 
gentleman from Michigan (Mr. Dingell) and a Member opposed each will 
control 5 minutes.
  The Chair recognizes the gentleman from Michigan.
  (Mr. DINGELL asked and was given permission to revise and extend his 
remarks.)
  Mr. DINGELL. Madam Chairman, the amendment is simple. It's about 
protecting Social Security. It is about the fox guarding the hen roost. 
The fox is the new appointee who has been made Deputy Commissioner of 
Social Security, but who is unconfirmed by the United States Senate. 
The hen roost is Social Security and the care and concern of millions 
of Americans, retirees, orphans, widows, persons who are disabled. What 
we want to do is to see to it that those people who are in charge of 
Social Security and guard Social Security are friends to the system and 
not enemies.
  Social Security is one of the most extraordinary devices in the 
history of this country. It is one of the cheapest and the best ways of 
collecting money, and one of the fairest and the best ways of 
disbursing it and seeing to it that our senior citizens are protected 
by their government and that their pensions and that their retirement 
is made dignified and worthwhile.
  The President appointed a fellow by the name of Biggs by a recess 
appointment, and he was made Deputy Commissioner of Social Security. 
His name is Andrew Biggs. He has had his appointment opposed by the 
chairman of the Senate Finance Committee, the chairman said this, 
``because his support for the failed idea of privatization would reopen 
a settled debate about the future of Social Security reform.''
  The amendment simply says no money may be spent on his salary until 
he has been confirmed; a simple, sensible, decent and proper protection 
for our retirees.
  Mr. Biggs has written dozens of articles in favor of privatization. 
He has compared Social Security to Enron and claimed that it was on the 
verge of imminent bankruptcy. He has argued that private accounts are 
the only solution to fund Social Security over the long term.
  He has worked to promote the agenda of privatization of Social 
Security time after time. Listen to some of the words

[[Page H8078]]

which he has said: ``Social Security reform featuring personal 
retirement accounts doesn't send just one liberal sacred cow to the 
slaughterhouse; it sends the whole herd.'' This was a 1999 paper made 
by Mr. Andrew Biggs in which his thesis is that the dismantling of 
Social Security would lead to the dismantlement of all New Deal era 
programs.
  What we are doing by adopting this amendment is putting Mr. Biggs 
before the Senate Finance Committee for hearings to inquire, is he in 
favor of Social Security? Does he want to privatize it? Does he want to 
abolish it?
  This amendment will protect Social Security. It will protect 
retirees. It will see to it that we do not have the fox guarding the 
hen roost. It will see to it that the hopes and the dreams and the 
expectations of our senior citizens and those who look forward to 
Social Security as protection in their retirement years can be assured 
that there will be a protection for them and that their Social Security 
benefits will be there when they retire. It also is to assure that 
within the structure of Social Security there would not be an avowed 
and announced enemy of Social Security, of the program which protects 
our senior citizens.
  This is a fight which has been before the Congress many times. It's 
been before the Senate. It has been before the House. The American 
people have made it plain; they want Social Security protected. They 
have made it equally plain that they don't want people in charge of 
Social Security who want to destroy the program or who want to send it, 
as he has said, to the slaughterhouse.
  I think that this is an amendment which you can safely vote for, 
secure in the knowledge that you are protecting the concerns of your 
Social Security recipients and of others who believe that Social 
Security is one of the great and wonderful programs in the history of 
this country. And you can, in so doing, see to it that this individual 
is inquired of properly of his attitude with regard to Social Security, 
and that we can address the question of how Social Security should be 
protected. Certainly not by the insertion into the structure of the 
organization which runs it by a man who has consistently displayed 
hostility to it.
  I urge the adoption of the amendment. I urge my colleagues to vote 
for it. In so doing, you are voting to remove an enemy from Social 
Security from a responsible position where he can do a great hurt. And 
you are assuring that you are protecting Social Security for our 
constituents, for our people, and for our Social Security retirees.
  Mr. WALSH of New York. Madam Chairman, I rise in opposition to the 
amendment.
  The CHAIRMAN. The gentleman is recognized for 5 minutes.
  Mr. WALSH of New York. Madam Chairman, I think this amendment is 
somewhat inappropriate, and I say that at my own peril. I have great 
respect for the chairman of the Commerce Committee. He is a wise man, 
far wiser than I. He has been here for many, many years. He knows how 
to make a point. I think he has made it.
  I'm aware that this appointment is somewhat controversial, but the 
best way to get the Social Security Administration to perform as the 
Congress wishes is to pass laws and to bring them in for oversight 
hearings. I don't think that a rifle-shot cutting of one individual's 
salary is the right way to proceed.
  I'm not intimately familiar in this case, but this type of amendment 
does cause me some pause. I can't recall in my years here any time when 
an amendment like this passed, although the chairman, who has been here 
far longer than I, could probably cite them.
  If we want to deal with this issue of recess appointment, let's do so 
in an authorizing bill and not in this manner. And for that reason, I 
would urge a ``no'' vote on this amendment.
  Madam Chairman, I yield back the balance of my time.
  Mr. OBEY. Madam Chairman, I move to strike the last word.
  The CHAIRMAN. The gentleman from Wisconsin is recognized for 5 
minutes.
  Mr. OBEY. Madam Chairman, as you know, I have been less than 
enthusiastic about virtually every amendment offered here today, but 
this is one exception.
  I want to congratulate the dean of the House. He has been a lion for 
all of the years he has been here in defending Social Security and in 
pursuing the goal of universal health care for every American.

                              {time}  1845

  Before that, his father played the same role. I am pleased to see 
that he is carrying on the tradition. For a moment, when the gentleman 
from Michigan explained this amendment to me, I had doubts about 
supporting it. But then I recognized the legitimacy of the gentleman's 
concern, especially because the gentleman in the Social Security 
Administration in question had been appointed through a recess 
appointment.
  I felt that that process was an indication of disrespect for the 
congressional prerogatives of this body, or I should say the other 
body. To express what I mean, I want to simply remind Members that 
several weeks ago when the amendment was offered by Mr. Emanuel to 
eliminate funding for the Office of the Vice President, I voted against 
that amendment because I thought that members of one institution in the 
government owe a certain degree of respect to the other institution, 
even if you don't especially care for the policies of the people who 
run that institution.
  When the Vice President and I talked about the issue, I told him that 
the reason I had voted that way was simply because there were at least 
some people in this body still left who respected other institutions of 
government. I wish that the administration had demonstrated the same 
respect for this institution when they allowed this gentleman in 
question to be appointed through a recess appointment without 
confirmation.
  When a program as vital as Social Security is at stake, I think that 
rather than lecturing each other about how we find a middle road to 
solve long-term problems of that program, I think the best way to find 
that middle road is to walk it and to look for ways to cooperate 
institutionally with the other branch of government. That is certainly 
what the White House chose not to do in this instance.
  It is for that reason that I think that the gentleman's amendment is 
a wise one, because it reminds both bodies of the need to respect each 
other's prerogatives. Sometimes they need to be forcibly reminded of 
that which this amendment would do.
  Madam Chairman, I therefore urge its adoption.
  The CHAIRMAN. The question is on the amendment offered by the 
gentleman from Michigan (Mr. Dingell).
  The question was taken; and the Chairman announced that the ayes 
appeared to have it.
  Mr. REHBERG. Madam Chairman, I demand a recorded vote.
  The CHAIRMAN. Pursuant to clause 6 of rule XVIII, further proceedings 
on the amendment offered by the gentleman from Michigan will be 
postponed.


                   Amendment Offered by Mrs. Schmidt

  Mrs. SCHMIDT. Madam Chairman, I offer an amendment.
  The CHAIRMAN. Without objection, the Clerk will report the amendment.
  There was no objection.
  The Clerk read as follows:

       Amendment offered by Mrs. Schmidt:
       At the end of the bill (before the short title), insert the 
     following:
       Sec. 2/32/3. None of the funds in this Act shall be made 
     available to any provider of services under title X of the 
     Public Health Service Act (42 U.S.C. 300 et seq.) if it is 
     made known to the Secretary of Health and Human Services that 
     such provider has been found within the preceding 36-month 
     period to have violated State law requiring notification or 
     the reporting of child abuse, child molestation, sexual 
     abuse, rape, or incest.

  Mr. OBEY. Madam Chairman, I reserve a point of order on the 
amendment.
  The CHAIRMAN. The gentleman reserves a point of order.
  Pursuant to the order of the House today, the gentlewoman from Ohio 
(Mrs. Schmidt) and a Member opposed each will control 5 minutes.
  The Chair recognizes the gentlewoman from Ohio.
  Mrs. SCHMIDT. Madam Chairman, this amendment is very straightforward. 
It seeks to hold accountable title X grantees who do not abide by State 
laws that require notification or

[[Page H8079]]

reporting of child abuse, child molestation, sexual abuse, rape or 
incest. This issue is not a new one. In 1997, it came to light that 
title X grantees were not reporting rape, incest, sexual abuse, child 
abuse and molestations.
  In response, Congress included language in the 1999 Labor, Health and 
Human Services appropriations bill to clarify that title X grantees are 
not exempt from State reporting laws. This language has been retained 
since that time. Unfortunately, despite this clarification, some title 
X grantees still do not appear to be reporting cases of rape and 
incest.
  On May 10th of this year, the Cincinnati Enquirer reported the story 
of two young ladies who were victims of sexual abuse. One young lady 
was continually molested by her father. The abuse began when the girl 
was just 13 years old. In November 2004, she was forced by her father 
to have an abortion. She says that she told an employee of the abortion 
clinic that she was being ``forced to have sex and do things she didn't 
want to do.'' Despite this fact, no report was made. She was sent home 
with her father to endure another year and a half of sexual abuse.
  In another case, a 14-year-old girl was taken by her 21-year-old 
soccer coach to have an abortion. She allegedly used a junior high 
school ID and her abuser paid for the procedure with a credit card and 
driver's license. The abuse was never reported.
  According to the story in the Enquirer regarding the second case that 
I mentioned, a form filled out by Planned Parenthood said, ``Patient 
reports pregnancy is the result of sexual assault by a stranger. After 
consultation with attorney, report of a crime to the police was not 
made. Due to physician-patient privilege, we are prohibited from 
reporting as no severe bodily injury was reported.''
  The young lady's attorney says that prosecutors in four local 
counties know of no such exception in reporting requirements.
  Mr. Chairman, my amendment is simple. It simply says that title X 
grantees who have been found by a Federal or State agency or a court of 
law to have violated State reporting requirements in the preceding 36 
months cannot receive Federal title X funds. I urge support for my 
amendment.
  Madam Chairman, I reserve the balance of my time.


                             Point of Order

  Mr. OBEY. Madam Chairman, I make a point of order against the 
amendment because it proposes to change existing law and constitutes 
legislation in an appropriation bill in violation of clause 2 of rule 
XXI. The rule states in pertinent part, ``An amendment to a general 
appropriation bill shall not be in order if changing existing law.'' 
The amendment requires a new determination.
  The CHAIRMAN. Does any other Member wish to be heard on the point of 
order?
  Mrs. SCHMIDT. Madam Chairman, I understand the chairman has objected 
to my amendment. I am sorry we do not have the opportunity to vote on 
this very important issue.
  Madam Chairman, I ask unanimous consent to withdraw my amendment.
  The CHAIRMAN. Without objection, the amendment is withdrawn.
  There was no objection.


                Amendment Offered by Mr. Barton of Texas

  Mr. BARTON of Texas. Madam Chairman, I offer an amendment.
  The CHAIRMAN. Without objection, the Clerk will report the amendment.
  The Clerk read as follows:

       Amendment offered by Mr. Barton of Texas:
       At the end of the bill (before the short title) insert the 
     following:

                                TITLE VI

                     ADDITIONAL GENERAL PROVISIONS

       Sec. 601. None of the funds made available in this Act for 
     the National Institutes of Health may be used for activities 
     under section 241(a) of the Public Health Service Act (42 
     U.S.C. 238j(a)).

  The CHAIRMAN. Pursuant to the order of the House of today, the 
gentleman from Texas (Mr. Barton) and a Member opposed each will 
control 5 minutes.
  The Chair recognizes the gentleman from Texas.
  Mr. BARTON of Texas. Madam Chairman, one of the things I am most 
proud of in my service in the Congress was the reauthorization on a 
bipartisan basis of the National Institutes of Health in the last 
Congress. It is the first time the NIH has been reauthorized in over 13 
years. It is the stellar institution for health care research in this 
country.
  As a part of that reauthorization, I promised the stakeholder 
community that I would support increased funding for NIH this year, and 
I have done the best I can to follow through on that commitment. 
Unfortunately, because of the press of funding that this particular 
appropriation bill has, the NIH increase in H.R. 3043 is only 1.6 
percent. I am glad that it is that much. I wish it were more.
  The amendment before the body at this point in time would make sure 
that all of that money actually goes to the NIH. Sadly, a lot of the 
increase in NIH is going to be immediately siphoned off to two 
different funds. One is a global AIDS fund, which will take $300 
million. The other is called a ``tap,'' which takes about $600 million 
to another line item outside of NIH. So what this Barton amendment 
would do was keep that $600 million that would be siphoned off for the 
tap fund and keep it in the NIH.
  I am not opposed to the amount that the appropriators have increased 
it. I wish it were more. But at least I want to keep as much of that 
money that has been increased within the NIH. That is what this 
amendment would do.
  Madam Chairman, I reserve the balance of my time.
  Mr. OBEY. Madam Chairman, I oppose the amendment.
  The CHAIRMAN. The gentleman is recognized for 5 minutes.
  Mr. OBEY. Madam Chairman, I yield myself such time as I may consume.
  Madam Chairman, I held up this sign from the well yesterday, and I 
will do so again today. I have the sign hanging in my office, and every 
time somebody comes in looking for money, I ask them to read it out 
loud. What the sign says is, ``What do you want us to do for someone, 
besides yourself, that is more important than whatever it is you want 
us to do for you?'' That request includes even medical researchers at 
universities.
  Now, the fact is, this bill contains $750 million over last year, and 
before that in the continuing resolution we added $620 million to NIH 
at that time. This bill is $1 billion higher than the President's 
request for the National Institutes of Health.
  Now, everybody loves the National Institutes of Health. I do too. But 
it does no good to any patient if we only concentrate on putting money 
in the National Institutes of Health and do not see to it that the 
information produced by the NIH is disseminated adequately to medical 
practitioners all over the country.
  It also does no good if in the process of squirreling away this money 
to NIH we do substantial damage to the public health programs of the 
United States and if we essentially wipe out the one agency which is 
doing the research to demonstrate to us how to produce the best 
treatments and how to produce cost savings that will prevent private 
medical care and Medicare from going bankrupt.

                              {time}  1900

  This amendment has all of those problems. This country is consumed 
about out-of-control health care costs. This amendment would devastate 
funding for the one agency doing the research necessary to determine 
the best ways to deliver medical care in order to avoid bankrupting our 
health care system.
  The amendment will also devastate the National Institute for 
Occupational Safety and Health by cutting 20 percent of the funding 
provided for NIOSH, the only agency in government that supports 
occupational safety and health research and brings that research from 
the laboratory into the workplace.
  What we are trying to do in this bill is what has been done for the 
last 16 years: We take a small percentage of the funds we appropriate 
to these agencies, and we set that aside for research and for 
evaluation so that we have a truly holistic approach to health care in 
this country. It does no good if we do lots of research in the lab and 
the implications of that research never get out into the doctor's 
office. It does no

[[Page H8080]]

good if patients aren't given enough information so that they can 
question their own treatment. That is what this does.
  I would urge strongly, in the strongest possible terms, the rejection 
of this amendment.
  Madam Chairman, I reserve the balance of my time.
  Mr. BARTON of Texas. Madam Chairman, I yield myself 1 minute in 
rebuttal.
  First of all, we are not talking about a small amount of money. The 
2.4 percent tap transfer is almost $700 million. That is a lot of money 
when you are only increasing the NIH 1.6 percent, or $750 million. It 
doesn't make any sense to me to then take $700 million of that and give 
to other programs that have their own line items.
  One of the programs that the gentleman from Wisconsin talked about 
has $329 million in its own line item. So we are saying if you are 
going to increase the NIH, congratulations. We are for it. Let's keep 
the money in the NIH.
  Madam Chairman, I yield 1 minute to the gentleman from Delaware (Mr. 
Castle).
  Mr. CASTLE. Let me thank Mr. Barton, who has been a tremendous leader 
in medical research in this country.
  I couldn't agree with him more. I think this amendment is of 
extraordinary importance. I would ask every single Member of Congress 
to think about who comes into your office, and I guarantee no less than 
30 percent, maybe 50 percent, are there for health reasons. They are 
concerned about cancer, they are concerned about heart, they are 
concerned about lung, MS, AIDS, whatever it may be. That is who comes 
into our office.
  We need to appropriate whatever funds are necessary in order to try 
to eliminate these diseases or to make these people's lives better who 
contract these diseases.
  I understand exactly what the gentleman from Wisconsin is saying. He 
is absolutely right. You do need evaluation, and you do need to be able 
to understand how to get this information out to the various people who 
are going to apply this information. I don't believe that is happening 
particularly well. I do not feel that $700 million is needed for that, 
and if it is, it shouldn't have to go through NIH and be taken away 
from NIH, which is what is happening now. It should go directly to HHS 
or wherever else it needs to go in order to carry out that 
responsibility. There is a mixup, in my judgment, for these last 16 
years in terms of how this funding is handled.
  This amendment is absolutely in order, and I would hope that every 
single Member of Congress who believes in medical research, and I think 
we all do, and who believes in helping our constituents will support 
this.
  Mr. BARTON of Texas. Am I the only one who has time?
  The CHAIRMAN. The gentleman from Texas has 1 minute and the gentleman 
from Wisconsin has 1 minute.
  Mr. BARTON of Texas. Who has the right to close?
  The CHAIRMAN. The gentleman from Wisconsin.
  Mr. BARTON of Texas. Madam Chairman, I yield 30 seconds to the 
gentleman from Connecticut (Mr. Shays).
  (Mr. SHAYS asked and was given permission to revise and extend his 
remarks.)
  Mr. SHAYS. I will include a longer statement for the Record, but I 
would like to say that I align myself with Mr. Barton and Mr. Castle. 
Mr. Barton described the $700 million that is basically siphoned off 
the NIH budget. But there is $300 million in addition that goes to the 
Global Fund. Last time it was $99 million. In this, we are taking 
another $201 million and siphoning it to the Global Fund. Why not just 
give it to the Global Fund directly instead of putting it into the NIH 
budget.
  I urge support of Mr. Barton's amendment, which will prevent funding 
from being transferred out of the National Institutes of Health and 
will effectively increase the NIH research budget nearly $700 million.
  Each year, 2.4 percent of NIH funding is reallocated for the 
Evaluation Tap, which provides nearly all the funding for the AHRQ 
(pronounced ARC), as well as some funding for CDC and SAMHSA.
  This leads to nearly $700 million being removed from the NIH 
allocation each year. Coupled with the $300 million being transferred 
to the Global Fund, the NIH has already lost nearly $1 billion before 
it spends its first penny.
  I do not oppose funding these other agencies, but it seems to me if 
Congress deems this to be a priority, we should fund these agencies 
with their own line items in the budget, not survive by siphoning off 
funding from other agencies.
  I do not believe we should require the NIH to give up part of its 
budget.
  While I appreciate the Chairman and Ranking Member's work in this 
bill to increase funding for many of our critical health, education and 
labor programs, I was nonetheless disappointed by the NIH's relatively 
small increase of $750 million, or 2.5 percent. When the Global AIDS 
funding is transferred out, the increase is only $549 million, or 1.6 
percent.
  The Barton Amendment will increase the funding available for the 
NIH's core function--medical research that saves and improves lives. I 
strongly urge its adoption.
  Mr. BARTON of Texas. Madam Chairman, I am going to yield the balance 
of my time to the former sheriff from the great State of Washington, 
Mr. Reichert.
  Mr. REICHERT. I was proud to lead a bipartisan effort with 
Congressman Markey to advocate for long-term investment in NIH 
research. I am proud to stand here today in support of the Barton 
amendment. I hope the other 184 Members who joined us in advocating for 
these funds increase earlier this year will join us today in supporting 
this amendment. NIH funding is absolutely necessary, and I commend Mr. 
Barton for bringing this amendment forward.
  Mr. BARTON of Texas. Madam Chairman, I yield back the balance of my 
time.
  Mr. OBEY. Madam Chairman, I yield to the gentleman from Rhode Island 
(Mr. Kennedy) for a unanimous consent request.
  (Mr. KENNEDY asked and was given permission to revise and extend his 
remarks.)
  Mr. KENNEDY. Madam Chairman, I will submit my remarks for the Record 
in opposition to this amendment. It is outrageous that we would 
eliminate the Agency for Health Care Research and Quality.
  Mr. OBEY. I yield to the distinguished majority leader.
  Mr. HOYER. I thank the gentleman for yielding, and I rise in 
opposition to this amendment.
  I rise as someone who has, for 25 years, as a member of the Labor-
Health Subcommittee of the Appropriations Committee serving with my 
friend, Mr. Obey, supported increases in funding at NIH.
  Mr. Castle is absolutely right. Many of those who come to our office 
want to make sure that we invest properly in the research and the basic 
biomedical research on disease.
  John Porter was the chairman of our committee when we doubled the 
funding of NIH. We did so, of course, over the objections of the 
Republican budgets, as you may recall, which is why John Porter voted 
against so many of the Republican budgets because he said it did not 
sufficiently allow him to do his job. We agreed with him.
  I care deeply about the process of discovery at NIH that brings so 
much hope to all the world for conquering and curing so many diseases 
that afflict humanity. Let me be clear, this amendment does not help 
medical research in my opinion. Not because it doesn't give it some 
more dollars. We have had a billion dollar increase, as you know, over 
the President's request.
  I do not question the gentleman's motive in offering this amendment. 
I do question the wisdom of the measure which is, after all, what 
debates are about.
  This amendment takes away from the whole spectrum of research, and 
particularly our ability to translate the research results from that 
basic research to its application to prevent, treat and cure illnesses 
that afflict mankind.
  While this amendment may sound good, as very frankly some of the 
amendments that have been offered before which say we are going to take 
from here and give to there, which sound good on the surface, all of us 
would like to give more money to NIH. Simply stated, we do not have, 
however, the luxury of supporting research

[[Page H8081]]

for the sake of simply having research if we do not translate it, have 
the statistical data available and the application. I take a backseat 
to no one in supporting medical research, but to cut funding for other 
public health service agencies as proposed under this amendment is 
simply not good policy. It is not good for the health of our people.
  If the gentleman would like to offer an amendment to increase funding 
for NIH without harming other health priorities, then certainly that 
should be discussed and supported. But let me note that this bill 
includes a $750 million increase in funding for NIH. I said a billion, 
which is a billion higher than the President's request.
  If we are to take molecules and turn them into miracles, the research 
that all of us seek, then we must support the long-term quality of our 
research efforts. I have done so for the last, as I said, 25 years. It 
is important for us to do so. But I think, frankly, the gentleman's 
amendment will harm the objective that he ultimately seeks and that Mr. 
Castle spoke of and that all of us support. So I urge defeat of this 
amendment.
  Mr. KENNEDY. Madam Chairman, Mr. Barton's amendment would increase 
NIH funding by $650 million by prohibiting NIH from contributing 
funding through the authorized program evaluation tap to support other 
Public Health Service agencies.
  The Committee has already provided generous increases for NIH--$620 
million in the joint funding resolution and $750 million in this bill. 
That has provided an increase of over 1500 new research grants. The 
bill's $750 million increase is over $1 billion higher than the 
President's FY08 request.
  This amendment is dangerous because it would eliminate the only 
agency that is doing research to evaluate and identify what healthcare 
treatments work, what is safe for patients, and how to control the 
costs for the medical interventions produced by NIH research--the 
Agency for Health Care Research and Quality, AHRQ.
  Twenty percent of our economy is tied to health care. 42 million 
seniors are dependent on Medicare for health care, and 50 million 
Americans are on Medicaid. We desperately need the research that AHRQ 
provides to improve the quality and cost-effectiveness of the health 
care services provided through this enormous share of our economy.
  Comparative effectiveness research allows us to expand coverage by 
only paying for what works and using the savings to expand health 
coverage.
  The country is concerned about being consumed by out of control 
health care costs. This amendment would devastate funding for AHRQ, the 
one agency doing the research necessary to determine the best ways to 
deliver medical care in order to avoid bankrupting Medicare and our 
private health care system.
  The amendment will devastate the National Institute for Occupational 
Safety and Health, NIOSH, by cutting 20 percent of the funding provided 
for NIOSH--the only agency in government that supports occupational 
safety and health research and brings that research from the laboratory 
into the workplace.
  In 2005 there were 5,734 workplace injury deaths, 50,000 deaths from 
occupational diseases and more than 4.2 million workplace injuries in 
the U.S. In 2006 we saw more than a doubling of coal mine fatalities in 
the nation's mines. Now is not the time to cut our investments in 
important health and safety research programs that are critical to our 
efforts to protect workers from job deaths, injuries and disease.
  The amendment would devastate the CDC's ability to track the health 
status of Americans. Knowledge of, and the ability to understand issues 
such as infant mortality, obesity risk factors, and childhood diseases 
will be seriously curtailed if this amendment passes.
  While this amendment on its face would appear to provide short-term 
benefits to university researchers, it would have dramatic and serious 
long-term consequences for the patients with conditions that NIH 
research addresses.
  Mr. OBEY. Madam Chairman, I yield back the balance of my time.
  The CHAIRMAN. The question is on the amendment offered by the 
gentleman from Texas (Mr. Barton).
  The question was taken; and the Chairman announced that the noes 
appeared to have it.
  Mr. BARTON of Texas. Madam Chairman, I demand a recorded vote.
  The CHAIRMAN. Pursuant to clause 6 of rule XVIII, further proceedings 
on the amendment offered by the gentleman from Texas will be postponed.


               Amendment No. 57 Offered by Mr. Hensarling

  Mr. HENSARLING. Madam Chairman, I offer an amendment.
  The CHAIRMAN. Without objection, the Clerk will report the amendment.
  There was no objection.
  The Clerk read as follows:

       Amendment No. 57 offered by Mr. Hensarling:
       At the end of the bill (before the short title), insert the 
     following:
       Sec. __. None of the funds made available in this Act may 
     be used for Twin Cities Public Television, St. Paul, MN.

  The CHAIRMAN. Pursuant to the order of the House of today, the 
gentleman from Texas (Mr. Hensarling) and a Member opposed each will 
control 5 minutes.
  The Chair recognizes the gentleman from Texas.
  Mr. HENSARLING. Madam Chairman, we have had a number of debates this 
evening over the subject of earmarks. I have been heard on that, and I 
have been happy to have been heard on this particular debate. And 
again, I know there are many worthy expenditures of funds when it comes 
to earmarks. I do not necessarily believe that they are all bad.
  And I must admit, until coming to the floor, I wasn't completely 
certain what the Minnesota Digital Public Media Archive was. 
Fortunately, the gentlelady from Minnesota was kind enough to come to 
me and explain to me exactly what the purpose of the earmark was. I 
enjoyed our conversation and I appreciated her courtesy, and I want to 
stipulate this is not a debate on whether or not the gentlelady has a 
noble purpose for these funds. As explained to me with her enthusiasm, 
I stipulate there is a noble purpose for these funds.
  I am not necessarily going to engage in a debate on whether or not 
the Twin Cities public television station in St. Paul can make good use 
of the money, the half a million dollars. I am sure they can, as 
explained to me by the gentlelady from Minnesota.
  And so I want to again make it very clear, and we don't have the time 
to debate each and every earmark, but every time we expend these funds 
we have to look at, number one, where is the money coming from, and 
number two, what is the fiscal health of our Nation. Already the 
Federal Government is spending over $23,000 per American family. This 
is only the second time since World War II that the Federal Government 
has spent so much money.
  And right now with just the Federal Government that we have, we are 
on a collision course to double taxes on the next generation. Don't 
take my word for it. Go to the Office of Management and Budget, the 
Congressional Budget Office, or the conservative Heritage Foundation or 
the liberal Brookings Institute. They will all tell you the same thing.
  So we are sitting here with an explosion of spending. Some will say, 
relatively speaking, this is a small amount of money. Relative to the 
Federal budget, it is a small amount of money. I am happy to stipulate 
that. But I still believe that earmarks, although a small portion of 
the Federal budget, tend to be a large portion of the culture of 
spending.
  Again, I have no doubt this is a worthy project, but I do note that 
the PBS television station, I believe, gets almost 85 percent of its 
funding from donations and other public grants. I am led to believe, 
and if I am incorrect, I invite the gentlelady from Minnesota to 
correct me, that they receive rather generous support from the 
taxpayers of the State of Minnesota. But I don't quite know what the 
compelling Federal purpose is, Federal purpose, money from Federal 
taxpayers, to fund the Minnesota Digital Public Media Archive.
  Look, this isn't a debate on whether or not this is a noble purpose 
for the money. It is not a debate on whether or not the gentlelady's 
public television station could do something good with the money. But 
let's remember where the money is coming from. As long as this Nation 
is running a deficit, which it is, is this money going to come from 
raiding the Social Security trust fund yet again, even though I have 
introduced and supported legislation that would protect that trust 
fund?
  If we run a deficit, we are still borrowing money from the Social 
Security trust fund. Or as we know in the Democratic budget resolution 
passed earlier this year, we have the single largest

[[Page H8082]]

tax increase in American history, over 5 years ramping up to an average 
of $3,000 per American family.

                              {time}  1915

  More spending fuels more taxes. Are we going to increase that greater 
tax burden on present American families or are we going to pass on more 
debt to our children? Government will be paid for. This earmark will be 
paid for one way or another.
  And so the question is not whether or not there's a noble purpose. 
The question is not whether or not they make good use of the funds, but 
is it a compelling Federal purpose, worthy of sending debt to our 
children, worthy of taking money away from the Social Security Trust 
Fund, worthy of being a part of the largest tax increase in history, 
and I respectfully submit to my colleagues that I believe it is not.
  And with that, I yield back the balance of my time.
  Ms. McCOLLUM of Minnesota. Madam Chairman, I rise in opposition to 
the amendment.
  The CHAIRMAN. The gentlewoman is recognized for 5 minutes.
  Ms. McCOLLUM of Minnesota. Madam Chairman, I speak today on behalf of 
public television and its contributions to inform our citizens, people 
of all ages, throughout Minnesota and our Nation, and I look forward to 
the opportunity to share with the Member of this body what this money 
will do.
  As a Minnesotan, I'm proud of the people in my district and the 
people throughout my State. They support public television and they're 
committed to it. On no issue in my 7 years in Congress did I receive 
more calls from my constituents and from citizens around Minnesota than 
when the Republican majority tried to cut the funding for public 
broadcasting.
  The people of Minnesota treasure their public television stations, 
and they support with their own dollars, with State dollars, and they 
look forward to support from a Federal commitment to ensure that 
excellent public television programming is available in Minnesota and 
around this Nation.
  Over the past 50 years, Minnesota's award-winning public television 
stations have produced tens of thousands of hours of local and regional 
programs that capture our State's history, politics, daily life and 
culture.
  Today, these programs are stored in a physical tape archive. They're 
not stored digitally because they're old tapes. They're archived. 
They're locked away, and they're totally inaccessible to the public.
  At worst, these videotapes that are stored this way are physically 
deteriorating. That means these programs could be lost forever if they 
are not converted to a digital format.
  This is about a public investment. Twin Cities Public Television is 
already investing in the process of converting its tape archive into a 
fully searchable digital archive. The project involves public 
television stations across the State: Duluth, Brainerd, Austin and 
Moorhead.
  Once the conversion is completed, all the information will be free 
and available to anyone, free and available to anyone at any time, 
anywhere, on the Internet. Programs like Newton's Apple, which was the 
Mr. Wizard of my children's generation, still has requests from 
teachers across this country to use those programs in their classrooms. 
At a time when we're trying to encourage our children to be captured, 
to be interested in science and math, Newton's Apple being available on 
the Internet, free to our teachers, free to our families, will make 
America, I believe, have children more interested in science and math.
  This digital archive will be an asset, as I said, for educators and 
students and all the citizens in Minnesota, not just in science and 
math but in history, arts and culture. People will be able to access, 
as I said, around the country and around the world, and I believe that 
the knowledge put forward by this type of innovative use of digitizing 
the old tapes will put our Internet to work for democracy around the 
world as well.
  The challenge of preserving information and media for future 
generations is a 21st century problem, and Congress is just starting to 
address it. This is an issue for those of us on the Appropriations 
Committee. We heard time and time again from the Library of Congress 
and others in hearings this year about this problem.
  This is a public-private partnership in Minnesota to preserve public 
television programs, and this is one of the first of the kind in the 
Nation.
  Minnesota's effort will result in a best practices that can help 
other stations save two generations of American history and tens of 
millions of dollars. We will save dollars.
  This is an important project that seeks to address a national 
problem. It will produce benefits far beyond Minnesota, and it will 
produce benefits long into the future.
  Congress should be in the business of taking advantage of 
opportunities of partnering with States to solve problems that affect 
our country as a whole, and this is exactly what this project's all 
about.
  This is a partnership to make the problem of saving our history and 
to turning it into an opportunity for our children and for our families 
to learn together about the richness of this country.
  Madam Chairman, I yield back my time.
  The CHAIRMAN. The question is on the amendment offered by the 
gentleman from Texas (Mr. Hensarling).
  The amendment was rejected.


                  Amendment No. 9 Offered by Mr. Flake

  Mr. FLAKE. Madam Chairman, I offer an amendment.
  The CHAIRMAN. Without objection, the Clerk will report the amendment.
  There was no objection.
  The Clerk read as follows:
       At the end of the bill (before the short title), insert the 
     following:
       Sec. ___. (a) Limitation on Use of Funds.--None of the 
     funds in this Act shall be available for the Burpee Museum, 
     Rockford, Illinois, for educational programming and exhibits.
       (b) Corresponding Reduction of Funds.--The amount otherwise 
     provided by this Act for ``Institute of Museum and Library 
     Services--Office of Museum and Library Services: Grants and 
     Administration'' is hereby reduced by $150,000.

  The CHAIRMAN. Pursuant to the order of the House of today, the 
gentleman from Arizona (Mr. Flake) and the gentleman from Illinois (Mr. 
Manzullo) each will control 5 minutes.
  The Chair recognizes the gentleman from Arizona.
  Mr. FLAKE. Madam Chairman, this amendment would strike $150,000 for 
the Burpee Museum in Rockford, Illinois, for educational programming 
and exhibits and, as mentioned, reduces the cost of the bill by a 
consistent amount.
  Now, I don't want to take a lot of time on these amendments. I know a 
lot of people want to move pretty quickly.
  Let me just say that I know the name, the Burpee Museum, lends itself 
to a lot of nice jokes about having dry heaves as a taxpayer and paying 
this or whatever else.
  Mr. MANZULLO. Madam Chairman, will the gentleman yield?
  Mr. FLAKE. I yield to the gentleman from Illinois.
  Mr. MANZULLO. I take personal offense to that. That's the name of the 
museum. Burpee was the name of an inventor of seeds.
  Mr. FLAKE. I apologize.
  Mr. MANZULLO. And after him. You should apologize. I accept your 
apology.
  Mr. FLAKE. None was intended. I was just hoping to shorten the 
conversation here.
  But this museum began as a Works Progress Administration project in 
1942. It's an old New Deal program. It's still around, and one might 
question why the museum is still receiving Federal funds, even though 
the Depression era has come and gone, and the WPA has long since closed 
up shop.
  I spoke to the author of this amendment. I have a great deal of 
respect for Mr. Manzullo, and he explained some of the things I had a 
question about. One was a question about where the funding actually 
goes, was it to the Burpee Museum or was it to Northern Illinois 
University that has a paleontology department, and as I understand it, 
is lending staff to the museum. He clarified that, and I think I 
understand how that goes now.
  My question is, and the gentleman points out as well and I'm sure he 
will in defense of this earmark, that this is an economically 
distressed area. There are many around the country, in every district 
in the country. If the entire district is not economically depressed,

[[Page H8083]]

certain areas of it are, and it would be difficult, if not impossible, 
to try to discern by Members of Congress where funding should go and 
where it should not.
  And I simply believe that it's not our place here to do this. In many 
cases, the accounts that we're earmarking are accounts that there is a 
competitive process at the Federal agency for the funds to be given 
out. By earmarking, we circumvent that process and we say, well, we 
know best so that we can decide who gets this funding.
  I don't believe that that's right, and I believe that we should stop 
the funding for this earmark.
  Madam Chairman, I reserve the balance of my time.
  Mr. MANZULLO. Madam Chairman, this is a very immodest request that's 
part of an overall strategy to revitalize an economically depressed 
area of downtown Rockford.
  The City of Rockford led the Nation in unemployment in 1980 at 25 
percent. We lost 14,000 highly skilled manufacturing jobs at many of 
our over 1,500 factories in the area.
  What this money does, it sets up a paleontology lab, which is an 
extension of Northern Illinois University, into the Burpee Museum of 
Natural History itself. This is astonishing because what it is doing, 
it's moving many of the assets of this great university to a city 30 
miles away, and the reason that that lab has been created in Rockford 
is because of the incredible finds that were made by the university in 
terms of the paleontologist digs several years ago in Montana with 
regard to dinosaur projects.
  There are currently eight Northern Illinois University faculty and 13 
graduate and undergraduate students working on various cutting-edge 
physical science projects at the Burpee Museum. Thus, the request is 
ready to be used to support these research projects by Northern 
Illinois University students and staff utilizing the laboratories at 
Burpee Museum in Rockford.
  With this assistance, Burpee Museum is becoming one of the foremost 
places in the world to study and view paleontology. What we lost with 
our manufacturing base we're trying to compensate for in an educational 
center and people coming to town in order to tour this great center. In 
fact, tourism is up by 7 percent as a result of the paleontology digs 
by the museum.
  Besides that, the Institute of Museum and Library Services would 
receive this money, but there is no way to get it through the regular 
budget. The rules and regulations simply do not allow this type of 
project to be funded by it.
  The Burpee Museum is a center for study. Students are coming from 
around the world. In fact, recently Burpee and Northern Illinois 
University co-hosted a scientific symposium. Almost 200 scientists from 
around the country and from China, Norway and Canada attended this 
important scientific meeting in Rockford.
  I spend, probably, 75 percent of my time working on manufacturing 
issues. I was born and raised in Rockford. This was a city that refused 
to die. This was a city that refused to give up. This is a city whose 
citizens came together and said we have lost so many manufacturing 
jobs, but we're going to find another way to keep our kids in town to 
allow them to have jobs there so parents can see their grandkids, and 
unlike many Midwest towns that gave up, kids just leave the area 
because of no opportunities. What we're doing here is the creation of 
this wonderful laboratory to study paleontology to help put Rockford 
back on the map again.
  I believe that this is extremely fair.
  Madam Chairman, I reserve the balance of my time.
  Mr. FLAKE. Madam Chairman, I'd simply repeat what I said. Virtually 
every district in the country can accurately say that certain parts of 
their district are economically depressed. We simply don't have enough 
money in the Federal Treasury to address all those needs.
  So our decision is how do we adequately and equitably distribute 
funds to the Federal Government. If we make the decision that Federal 
agencies should fund these projects, then we should stick to the 
process that we have in place, and that process usually involves 
competitive bidding, for example. We don't want to give up no-bid 
contracts, but that's what earmarks by definition typically do.
  So I don't think that that is proper here, and with that, I would 
urge an affirmative vote on the amendment.
  Madam Chairman, I yield back my time.
  Mr. MANZULLO. Madam Chairman, the Institute of Museum and Library 
Services does not offer grants for conservation efforts such as what is 
going on at the museum. It's simply not available, and the issue is, do 
unelected bureaucrats who answer to no one in this city make all the 
decisions as to where the money is spent or do Members of Congress who 
are responsible to our electorate every 2 years have the ability to 
come in and say this is something worthy of the money that's going to 
be spent anyway. Because the Flake amendment does not save money. It 
just puts more money back into the hands of the bureaucrats to spend 
wherever they should.
  So I would obviously oppose this amendment, and I would encourage my 
colleagues also to vote ``no'' on the Flake amendment to strike these 
funds.
  Madam Chairman, I yield back the balance of my time.
  The CHAIRMAN. The question is on the amendment offered by the 
gentleman from Arizona (Mr. Flake).
  The amendment was rejected.

                              {time}  1930


                 Amendment No. 14 Offered by Mr. Flake

  Mr. FLAKE. Madam Chairman, I offer an amendment.
  The CHAIRMAN. Without objection, the Clerk will report the amendment.
  There was no objection.
  The Clerk read as follows:

       Amendment No. 14 offered by Mr. Flake:
       At the end of the bill (before the short title), insert the 
     following:
       Sec. ___. (a) Limitation on Use of Funds.--None of the 
     funds in this Act shall be available for Rhode Island 
     College, Providence, Rhode Island, for development of a 
     Portuguese and Lusophone Studies Program.
       (b) Corresponding Reduction of Funds.--The amount otherwise 
     provided by this Act for ``Department of Education--Higher 
     Education'' is hereby reduced by $100,000.

  The CHAIRMAN. Pursuant to the order of the House of today, the 
gentleman from Arizona (Mr. Flake) and a Member opposed each will 
control 5 minutes.
  The Chair recognizes the gentleman from Arizona.
  Mr. FLAKE. Madam Chairman, this amendment would prohibit $200,000 in 
Federal funds from being used for the Rhode Island College for 
development of a Portuguese and Lusophone Studies program and reduces 
the cost of the bill by a consistent amount.
  Let me just make a comment on the last comment that was made. It was 
said that we aren't saving money with these earmarks if we were to 
strike funding for them.
  The way these earmarks are structured, we reduce the cost in the bill 
by a consistent amount. So whether we save money depends on the 
Appropriations Committee.
  In any case, that's always what we are told, we will never save any 
money by striking funds for earmarks. That's simply not the case ever, 
because the Appropriations Committee could simply request less money 
the following year or the prior year, knowing that earmarks were going 
to be struck down.
  Let me just say, with regard to this earmark, perhaps something was 
lost in translation. But my understanding is that this program has 
already been developed. Are we developing a program here that has 
already been developed, or is this a redevelopment?
  According to the Web site, the Rhode Island College officially 
launched its Institute on Portuguese and Lusophone World Studies in 
October of 2006. The Web site states that the Institute of Portuguese 
and Lusophone World Studies is designed to be a nucleus of instruction 
and interaction for the benefit of its students and the larger 
Portuguese-speaking community of Rhode Island.
  The certification letter submitted to the Appropriations Committee 
says that the money would be used for the Rhode Island College 
Lusophone Studies program. But since we don't have any further 
information, I guess we can assume, and I see that the sponsor of the 
amendment is here, and can clarify this, that the Lusophone World 
Studies is the intended recipient of the funds.
  Supporters of the earmark will no doubt note that approximately 10 
percent of Rhode Island's population is of

[[Page H8084]]

Portuguese descent. Through foundation donations and private 
contributions, over $620,000 has been raised to support the new program 
at Rhode Island College. In fact, Meredith Vieira, a well-known cohost 
of NBC's Today Show, and a Rhode Island native, serves as the national 
honorary chairperson of the Community Campaign for Portuguese Studies 
Endowment Fund. Here is another case where there is a lot of money 
coming in.
  Why in the world do we need to spend more Federal money on it? Why do 
we need an earmark to divert more funds from our Treasury to programs 
that seem to exist and subsist fine on their own? In many cases we 
supplant private or local funds that could be used for this purpose.
  Madam Chairman, I reserve the balance of my time.
  Mr. KENNEDY. Madam Chairman, I rise in opposition to the amendment.
  The CHAIRMAN. The gentleman from Rhode Island is recognized for 5 
minutes.
  Mr. KENNEDY. Madam Chairman, education as a whole is something I 
don't think we can ever go wrong in investing in, especially at a time 
when education is more important than ever before in keeping our 
country competitive in a global economy. What's going to make our 
workers more competitive is their ability to compete on an 
international level.
  Now, part of that edge is going to be able to be determined whether 
they are going to be bilingual, whether they are going to be fluent in 
not just one language, but maybe two languages. It's interesting in our 
country, especially over the debate the last several weeks, denigrating 
immigration as if it's something of a drain on our society, that we 
have lost sight.
  The greatest strength of our Nation are our immigrants, especially 
now. The United States is unique around the world in that we are a 
country of nations, nations that make up every part of the world. We 
are uniquely positioned as a Nation to take full advantage of the 
multiethnic backgrounds of all the people that make up this great 
country of ours. We have a ready-made market in every part of the world 
because of all of ethnicities that we have in our country.
  Now, in my neighborhood, in Rhode Island, we have a large Portuguese 
community. The fact of the matter is, we have, in Rhode Island, a large 
Portuguese community that could be very beneficial to this country's 
ability to compete internationally.
  By 2010, Brazil will be the third largest consumer of American-made 
products. Now, don't you think it would be a smart move for our country 
to invest more in Portuguese literacy and fluency? I think so. That's 
why I am for investing in the language development for the third 
leading consumer market of American goods that's going to lead to more 
American jobs right in our hometowns all across America.
  This is about building up American jobs here at home. Frankly, I 
don't understand what the objection is. This is all about investing in 
our people. We are not running any deficits when we are investing in 
people. We are making investments, investments that are going to pay 
huge dividends in the future.
  Where is your balance sheet?
  You know, the cost of everything but the value of nothing. When you 
look at your balance sheet, you would assume that you can do everything 
on the sheet. You can just automatically have someone grow up, not get 
an education, expect to get more out of them than you put into them.
  I don't know any business deal where a business person expects to get 
something more out of a deal than they put into it, except maybe Enron. 
Is that your kind of politics over there? You expect to get rich quick 
without even investing?
  I don't know, as Democrats we believe that you have to invest in 
people before you can get a return on your investment. That's what we 
are doing in this investment in education. We are investing in our 
workers. We are investing in our people, because we know in order for 
us to get a return on our investment that is what's going to be the 
key.
  I can give you specific examples in my State where we have bilingual 
workers who now are able to take what they have learned, thanks to 
these Portuguese studies, and also take that and be able to teach other 
people Portuguese and be able to add fluency to their vocabulary and 
also be able to expand their economic opportunities as well.
  I think that's a good thing for this country. It expands the American 
Dream in this country, and that's why I oppose the gentleman's 
amendment.
  Madam Chairman, I reserve the balance of my time.


                      Announcement By the Chairman

  The CHAIRMAN. The gentleman is reminded to address his remarks to the 
Chair.
  Mr. FLAKE. Again, I think something has been lost in translation 
here. I have no idea what this amendment has to do with Enron. This 
amendment is simply saying that the Federal Government need not spend 
money on this program.
  This Rhode Island College is a State university, it's my 
understanding. If the taxpayers in Rhode Island want to decide through 
their State representatives that it should receive more funding, then 
by all means it should.
  My question is why are we coming here to the Federal Government with 
all the choices out there. The university that I went to, private 
university, teaches dozens and dozens of languages. I am sure they 
would like more funding, but it wouldn't be my place to come in and 
say, all right, let's have a big earmark for the Afrikaans program or 
the Chinese program or something else. I just don't think that would be 
proper. We can't do that.
  Last time I checked, we are running a deficit here, and we have a big 
debt. To try to fund all of these programs simply is not prudent. It 
has nothing to do with Enron. It has nothing to do with misplaced 
priorities elsewhere.
  It has to do with whether or not the Federal Government should in 
this case fund an earmark that is circumventing the regular process of 
authorization and appropriation. There are programs out there through 
the Department of Education that award grants to universities that have 
language programs. This is circumventing that process.
  Madam Chairman, I yield back the balance of my time.
  Mr. KENNEDY. Madam Chairman, the fact of the matter is, we are living 
in a global economy. We are living in a great country. Whether the 
person is from Arizona or Rhode Island, the gentleman ought to know 
that we are all in it together.
  As a Federal Government, we have a responsibility to this country. 
Whether the person comes from one State or another is irrelevant. It's 
an investment in all of us to invest in this education.
  I urge defeat of this amendment.
  Mr. OBEY. Madam Chairman, I move to strike the last word.
  The CHAIRMAN. The gentleman from Wisconsin is recognized for 5 
minutes.
  Mr. OBEY. Madam Chairman, I have been trying to figure out what to 
name this operation I have been watching, and I think we ought to name 
it ``Operation Divert Attention.''
  We have heard comments on a number of occasions now, when Members are 
offering amendments to strike these tiny items, we constantly hear, oh, 
we are running a deficit, we have to be fiscally responsible.
  Well, if I am looking at the Record correctly, the gentleman offering 
this amendment voted to authorize the President to go to war in Iraq. 
If I take a look at the Record correctly, all three of the gentlemen 
who have been acting as the point men in going after these projects and 
in going after other small amendments today, all voted for the 2007 
Republican budget resolution.
  I would point out it is those budget policies, and those foreign 
policies, which have given us, counting the supplemental this year, 
$600 billion in borrowed money spent on the Iraqi war in a case of 
mistaken identity, where the President mistook that stocky fellow with 
the mustache, Saddam Hussein, for that tall fellow with the beard, 
Osama bin Laden, and hit the wrong country by mistake.
  I would also say that the three gentlemen who voted for those 
Republican budget policies are the fellows who voted for tax policies 
that are watching $57 billion go out the door this year in tax cuts for 
millionaires.
  Then they try to recoup on the deficit front by saying, oh, we ought 
to

[[Page H8085]]

save a little piece here and a little piece there. If they had been as 
concerned about the fiscal impact of their actions, voting for past 
budget resolutions, and voting for past war resolutions, we wouldn't be 
sitting here with this deficit today, and this attack on these 
investments would be even more chuckle-producing than this episode.
  Madam Chairman, I yield back the balance of my time.
  Mr. FLAKE. My time is yielded back, but I would love to take some 
time to answer that.
  If I could make the point, tax cuts going out the door. Tax cuts 
never come in the door. That's the difference between tax cuts and 
spending. You leave it with the taxpayer, or you give it back.
  The CHAIRMAN. The gentleman will suspend.
  The gentleman did yield back the balance of his time.
  The question is on the amendment offered by the gentleman from 
Arizona (Mr. Flake).
  The amendment was rejected.

                              {time}  1945


               Amendment No. 59 Offered by Mr. Hensarling

  Mr. HENSARLING. Madam Chairman, I offer an amendment.
  The CHAIRMAN. Without objection, the Clerk will report the amendment.
  There was no objection.
  The Clerk read as follows:

       Amendment No. 59 offered by Mr. Hensarling:
       At the end of the bill (before the short title), insert the 
     following:
     Sec. __. None of the funds made available in this Act may be 
     used for the On Location Entertainment Industry Craft and 
     Technician Training project, West Los Angeles College, Culver 
     City, CA.

  The CHAIRMAN. Pursuant to the order of the House of today, the 
gentleman from Texas (Mr. Hensarling) and a Member opposed each will 
control 5 minutes.
  The Chair recognizes the gentleman from Texas.
  Mr. HENSARLING. Madam Chairman, I do have a number of comments I 
would like to make about this particular earmark. But before I do, I do 
feel compelled to address some of the comments by the distinguished 
chairman of the Appropriations Committee. I think the way to paraphrase 
what he just said is: You guys spend too much, so we will spend even 
more. I am not exactly sure about the logic of that particular 
argument.
  I also heard complaints about the war, something that has been 
debated on this floor, should be debated on this floor, will be debated 
on this floor. But I would note that the gentleman's party controls 
both the House and both the Senate; and if his party wants to end 
funding, they can do that tomorrow. His party is in control of this 
now.
  Last, but not least, the distinguished gentleman complains about tax 
relief. Last I looked, don't take my word for it, go to the United 
States Treasury, we are awash in tax receipts. Tax relief has brought 
us in more tax revenue, because when you let the American people save 
more and invest more, they go out and they create and they grow the 
economy. So I think the gentleman's comments were very much misplaced.
  Speaking to this particular amendment; one, this particular amendment 
would eliminate the earmark of $300,000 in funds to the West Los 
Angeles Times College. From the certification letter, this is to 
establish a first-of-its-kind entertainment industry craft and 
technician college job training program to respond to the film and 
television industry's immediate need for new trained employees.
  Previous to coming to floor, I did know a lot about this particular 
earmark. The sponsor of the earmark, the gentlelady from California, 
was kind enough to share with me information about it, and I became 
convinced of a couple of different propositions:
  Number one, that she has a very noble purpose for this earmark. 
Again, I want to stipulate to that.
  Number two, I came away, as I did with the last amendment, knowing 
that not only is there a noble purpose, I have no doubt that some good 
things could be done with this money.
  But like in many of these earmark debates, there tends to be great 
focus on the good that can be done with this money, but we don't spend 
a lot of time talking about the harm that can be done with this money. 
And I know that the gentlelady from California feels that low-income 
people within her district could benefit from this program. I have no 
doubt that that is true. But I might point out that there are very many 
worthy community colleges, for example, in the Fifth Congressional 
District, who could benefit from this money as well.
  Eastfield College, we need a lot of people trained for our high-tech 
industry, for jobs with companies like Texas Instruments, companies 
like Raytheon. These monies could be used by Trinity Valley Community 
College. There are several locations within the Fifth District of 
Texas. They could help in our burgeoning nursery industry. It is a very 
agricultural part of my district. So, again, education is good. But the 
education is going to the one particular district in this particular 
case, not going to the Fifth Congressional District of Texas. So there 
are many worthy competing goals for this particular money.
  But I really want us to focus upon the fact that although I have no 
doubt that good things can be done with these funds, all of government 
must be paid for. And so, again, I think we should use this debate as 
an opportunity to focus on who is paying the bill. And, again, as long 
as this Nation is running a deficit and it is down, thanks to the fact 
we are awash in tax revenues due to tax relief, we are still running a 
deficit. That means that any earmark, not just the gentlelady's from 
California, but any, is going to be raiding the Social Security Trust 
Fund as we continue, unfortunately, a practice from both parties of 
raiding the Social Security Trust Fund.
  In addition, we know that more spending fuels more taxes. And I hear 
from constituents in my district who have to pay the bills for all 
these earmarks no matter how worthy they are. I hear from somebody like 
the Flores family in Garland, Texas. She writes, ``Dear Congressman, I 
am a divorced mother with a child in college and a child in daycare. An 
increase in taxes would wipe out hope of the first college graduate in 
the family. Please don't let this happen. Let's hold the budget down. 
There are a lot of things I can't afford, so I don't buy them. I need 
government to take the same attitude.''
  Madam Chairman, I reserve the balance of my time.
  Ms. WATSON. Madam Chairman, I rise in opposition to the amendment.
  The CHAIRMAN. The gentlewoman from California is recognized for 5 
minutes.
  Ms. WATSON. Madam Chairman, I would first like to thank Chairman Obey 
both for his help securing this funding and for giving me this 
opportunity to defend it here on the floor.
  The entertainment industry in Los Angeles is what the auto industry 
is to Detroit or the oil industry is to Houston, a source of skilled, 
high-wage jobs for average working class families.
  The On Location training program at West Los Angeles Community 
College seeks to make sure that Los Angeles youth get the skills they 
need to fill these jobs. The skills we are talking about here are film 
editing, electrical wiring, lighting, and set design and construction.
  At a time when more and more film production is moving offshore, this 
program ensures that L.A. retains its number one competitive advantage, 
the highest quality film production workforce in the world. In 1996, 
when we worked out the welfare reform program for California, we placed 
the retraining of those coming off welfare in the community colleges, 
and this is one of the programs that is located there, because we find 
that people who are returning to the workforce and our veterans, 
average age 27 years, go to the community college.
  Young people in Los Angeles County suffer from one of the highest 
rates of youth unemployment and violence in the Nation. At last count, 
the unemployment rate for young people in L.A. County was close to 12 
percent.
  The On Location program creates opportunities for Los Angeles young 
people while supporting the most important industry to the southern 
California economy. This program makes sure that kids of average means 
can get the technical skills they need to get good jobs working in film 
and television production.
  Earlier, I approached Mr. Hensarling, who announced his opposition in 
a press release, and explained

[[Page H8086]]

that the money in this project doesn't go to Hollywood studios, it goes 
to West Los Angeles Community College, and the program trains youth in 
the skills needed in this industry.
  I could draw parallels to other community college programs in other 
people's districts, but I won't do that. So what we want to do is to 
use these Federal funds, because it is connected to the Federal welfare 
reform program, to allow this college to prepare our young people to 
work in an industry that really is the fuel to the economy. It is a 
$600 billion industry. It not only fuels the economy in California, but 
it fuels the economy nationwide. So, we need critical investments in 
education and job training so that we can compete in the global 
economy.
  Rather than seeking to defend the tax cuts for the wealthy, let us 
work together to support needed investments in job training like the 
effective On Location program that benefits the average family and the 
unemployed youth of California.
  I yield back the balance of my time.
  Mr. HENSARLING. Madam Chairman, may I inquire how much time I have 
remaining?
  The CHAIRMAN. Thirty seconds.
  Mr. HENSARLING. Again, I appreciate the gentlelady and her purpose 
for her amendment. When she spoke about the term ``wealthy,'' if there 
is an industry in America that is wealthy it is obviously Hollywood. I 
would hope that they would be able to train their own people. But as I 
spoke about earlier, Rose Flores of Garland, Texas, doesn't consider 
herself wealthy, and yet she is staring at an average increase in her 
taxes of $3,000 a year as she tries to put a child through college, the 
very first one in her family to ever graduate from college.
  Again, we must focus on the cost of these earmarks.
  The CHAIRMAN. The question is on the amendment offered by the 
gentleman from Texas (Mr. Hensarling).
  The question was taken; and the Chairman announced that the noes 
appeared to have it.
  Mr. HENSARLING. Madam Chairman, I demand a recorded vote.
  The CHAIRMAN. Pursuant to clause 6 of rule XVIII, further proceedings 
on the amendment offered by the gentleman from Texas will be postponed.


                 Amendment No. 15 Offered by Mr. Flake

  Mr. FLAKE. Madam Chairman, I offer an amendment.
  The CHAIRMAN. Without objection, the Clerk will report the amendment.
  There was no objection.
  The Clerk read as follows:

       Amendment No. 15 offered by Mr. Flake:
       At the end of the bill (before the short title), insert the 
     following:
       Sec. ___. (a) Limitation on Use of Funds.--None of the 
     funds in this Act shall be available for the American Ballet 
     Theatre, New York, New York, for educational activities.
       (b) Corresponding Reduction of Funds.--The amount otherwise 
     provided by this Act for ``Department of Education--
     Innovation and Improvement'' is hereby reduced by $150,000.

  The CHAIRMAN. Pursuant to the order of the House of today, the 
gentleman from Arizona (Mr. Flake) and a Member opposed each will 
control 5 minutes.
  The Chair recognizes the gentleman from Arizona.
  Mr. FLAKE. Madam Chairman, this amendment would prohibit $150,000 in 
Federal funds from being used for the American Ballet Theater in New 
York for educational activities, and it would reduce the cost of the 
bill by a consistent amount.
  I should point out that it has been said that if we don't spend this 
money, those faceless bureaucrats will just spend it. This actually 
reduces it. So it is up to the Appropriations Committee how that money 
is spent, not the agency itself. But I think that we could be facing 
the music if taxpayers learn that we are dancing away with their hard-
earned money here.
  The American Ballet Theater has been home to some of the world's best 
dancers since 1939. I believe that it holds assets of more than $15 
million, $15 million in net assets. Yet, we are being asked to fund 
$150,000, I believe, to expand outreach by completing in-depth 
residencies in small and medium-sized communities across the country.
  I have an obvious love for the ballet. I am not sure if it is that 
obvious, but I do like culture, and I think it is good for everyone. 
But telling taxpayers across the country that they should pony up 
$150,000 for the American Ballet Theater, an organization that has over 
$150 million in net assets I think is just a bridge too far.
  There are many corporate sponsors involved in the American Ballet 
Theater, including American Airlines, Saks Fifth Avenue, Superfund 
Investing, Countrywide Financial. There are many well-known names on 
the board who contribute themselves. There is a Kennedy who is an 
honorary chairman; there is a Trump on the board as well.
  There is a lot of support out there for this organization. I just 
fail to see why the Federal taxpayers should be put on the hook for 
this as well.
  I reserve the balance of my time.
  Mrs. MALONEY of New York. Madam Chairman, I rise in strong opposition 
to the Flake amendment.
  The CHAIRMAN. The gentlewoman is recognized for 5 minutes.
  Mrs. MALONEY of New York. Madam Chairman, I rise in opposition to 
this amendment which would cut funding to the American Ballet Theater, 
which is headquartered in the district I represent.
  Last year, the House of Representatives and the Senate showed their 
support for the American Ballet Theater by passing identical 
resolutions recognizing the American Ballet Theater's important role as 
cultural ambassador and America's national ballet company.
  An important part of ABT's mission is to expose as many people as 
possible to high quality ballet. This is at the heart of the request 
for studio company funding to bring ABT studio company and a host of 
educational and cultural programs to smaller communities that have 
limited economic means and access to these cultural benefits.
  Educational research strongly suggests that young people who learn 
about and participate in the arts acquire skills that help them in 
decisionmaking, problem solving, creative thinking, and teamwork.

                              {time}  2000

  An increasing number of studies also finds that art programs motivate 
young people to learn, assisting in improving performance in core 
academic subjects.
  For some children, the arts provide the impetus to stay in school 
until graduation, and for others, inspire them to pursue a college 
education.
  Arts education programs will continue to play an important role as 
the Nation struggles to improve high school graduation rates, develop 
pre-kindergarten programs, and counter the achievement gap in urban 
communities.
  The requested funds will allow ABT to expand the studio program's 
outreach by completing in-depth residencies in small and medium-sized 
communities in five regions, the Northeast, the Mid-Atlantic, South, 
Midwest and West. Bringing world-class ballet and education programs, 
they're a very important part of the ABT's key mission.
  More than simply offering performances, a studio company engagement 
leverages the company's resources to offer a range of educational 
activities and direct interaction with the company, often partnering 
with local ballet schools and universities to reach the local dance 
constituency.
  While visiting a community, the studio company works with dance 
departments within universities and supplies tickets and study guides 
to local K-12 schools, exposing young people to dance, encouraging 
movement, physical fitness, creativity, and concentration.
  Performing for local schools challenges youth to become more serious 
about the dance craft, while inspiring and expanding awareness of the 
possibilities for a career in the performing arts. The local arts 
community benefits from the experience of hosting ABT.
  It appears that my good friend, the gentleman from Arizona, does not 
support the arts and does not appreciate the importance of arts 
education to our young people.
  As I said, the arts are critical to our children's overall education. 
Creativity can be taught. This funding allows those communities who do 
not have the access to the arts to gain the benefits of having world-
class arts education brought to them.

[[Page H8087]]

  This is a worthy project, and I hope my colleagues recognize its 
importance. I urge the defeat of my friend and colleague's amendment.
  Madam Chairman, I reserve the balance of my time.
  Mr. FLAKE. I find it curious when it's often said that the gentleman 
or somebody does not support the arts, does not support education. What 
would be said if there was a local individual, a philanthropist who 
gave $10 million to a local university, but did not believe that it was 
the Federal Government's place to do so? Would that person support 
education or not? If this is the standard by which people are judged, 
perhaps not.
  But I would submit that it's not a very good standard. Just because 
you don't believe that it's the Federal Government's place, in this 
case, to favor what is perhaps the best known ballet company in the 
country, with net assets of more than $15 million, over perhaps local 
ballet companies that could maybe use more support. How do we make that 
choice here? It just doesn't seem right to me.
  We have over 1,300 earmarks in this appropriation bill. I just don't 
know when Congress is going to draw the line.
  For the average American taxpayer, I would argue that this $150,000 
to the American Ballet Company is too much, or in this case, maybe too, 
too much.
  Madam Chairman, I yield back.
  Mrs. MALONEY of New York. The gentleman may not support the 
opportunity to bring the arts to small communities across the country 
that may inspire them.
  I was very much inspired as a young person, going to the ballet. In 
fact, I studied for many years to be a professional dancer until I 
crushed my leg in an automobile accident.
  But what the gentleman does support, he talks about what he doesn't 
support. But what the gentleman did support was a budget that Clinton 
left President Bush, a surplus well over $5 trillion that has been 
squandered. And what this gentleman has supported is budgets that have 
given this country records, but they're the wrong kinds of records.
  We now have a record debt over $8 trillion. Every man, woman and 
child in America owes over $29,000 personally to that debt. And this 
administration gave this country record deficits, the largest in the 
history of this country, and the largest trade deficit in the history 
of this country.
  The CHAIRMAN. The gentlewoman's time has expired.
  Mrs. MALONEY of New York. That is what the gentleman has supported. 
What we are supporting in this amendment that I am putting forward is 
the opportunity for young people in communities across this country to 
be exposed and taught the arts.
  I urge the defeat of the gentleman's amendment.
  Madam Chairman, I yield back the balance of my time.
  The CHAIRMAN. The question is on the amendment offered by the 
gentleman from Arizona (Mr. Flake).
  The question was taken; and the Chairman announced that the noes 
appeared to have it.
  Mr. FLAKE. Madam Chairman, I demand a recorded vote.
  The CHAIRMAN. Pursuant to clause 6 of rule XVIII, further proceedings 
on the amendment offered by the gentleman from Arizona will be 
postponed.


                 Amendment No. 10 Offered by Mr. Flake

  Mr. FLAKE. Madam Chairman, I offer an amendment.
  The CHAIRMAN. Without objection, the Clerk will report the amendment.
  There was no objection.
  The Clerk read as follows:

       Amendment No. 10 offered by Mr. Flake:
       At the end of the bill (before the short title), insert the 
     following:
       Sec. ___. (a) Limitation on Use of Funds.--None of the 
     funds in this Act shall be available for the South Carolina 
     Aquarium, Charleston, South Carolina, for exhibits and 
     curriculum.
       (b) Corresponding Reduction of Funds.--The amount otherwise 
     provided by this Act for ``Institute of Museum and Library 
     Services--Office of Museum and Library Services: Grants and 
     Administration'' is hereby reduced by $150,000.

  The CHAIRMAN. Pursuant to the order of the House of today, the 
gentleman from Arizona (Mr. Flake) and a Member opposed each will 
control 5 minutes.
  The Chair recognizes the gentleman from Arizona.
  Mr. FLAKE. Madam Chairman, this amendment prevents $150,000 from 
going toward programs at the South Carolina Aquarium in Charleston, 
South Carolina, and reduces the cost of the bill by a consistent 
amount.
  Madam Chairman, when I saw this amendment, or saw this earmark, I 
thought I was experiencing deja vu here. In the past we've seen 
earmarks for other aquariums in other appropriations bills. Last year, 
the Mystic Aquarium received $1 million in the bill allocating funding 
for the Defense Department. And now we see the South Carolina Aquarium 
is a beneficiary in the spending bill for the Departments of Labor, 
Health and Human Services and Education.
  This earmark may have found a more appropriate home in this spending 
bill rather than the Defense bill; but if I were a betting man, I would 
not bet against seeing other aquarium earmarks in other appropriations 
bills. It seems to be a trend here that the Federal Government seems to 
be funding more aquariums across the country, without, I would submit, 
much of a Federal purpose.
  The Web site for the South Carolina Aquarium states that the purpose 
is to inspire conservation of the natural world by exhibiting and 
caring for animals, excelling in education and research, and providing 
an exceptional visitor experience.
  This aquarium sells tickets for $16 for adults, $14 for seniors, $8 
for children. It also has a sea turtle hospital, sustainable food 
initiative, which includes sustainable seafood recipe contests and a 
variety of exhibits.
  But I would ask, why do not all aquariums across the country receive 
similar funding? What is the criteria for picking winners and losers?
  This aquarium seems to get favorable treatment over aquariums in 
Massachusetts, Colorado, Arizona, Kansas, as well as just about every 
other State. Is this a fair and equitable process?
  In addition, here, the case again is that the aquarium has a number 
of business partners and sponsors. The list reads like a who's who of 
Fortune 500 companies: BP, Whole Foods, Wells Fargo Home Mortgage.
  Why are the taxpayers being asked to be on the hook? Why are we asked 
to sponsor this aquarium as well?
  Madam Chairman, I reserve the balance of my time.
  Mr. BROWN of South Carolina. Madam Chairman, I rise in opposition.
  The CHAIRMAN. The gentleman from South Carolina is recognized for 5 
minutes.
  Mr. BROWN of South Carolina. Madam Chairman, the earmark I'm here to 
discuss and defend is for the South Carolina Aquarium located in my 
district in Charleston, South Carolina.
  The South Carolina Aquarium is a nonprofit education and conservation 
organization that is truly part of the Charleston community. The 
aquarium is funded by a combination of tickets, concessions and 
souvenir sales and corporate, government and private funding. The 
aquarium has more than 80 paid staff, with a complement of more than 
300 volunteers.
  Funding from this earmark would go towards the development of user-
friendly, interactive exhibits and displays, including touch tanks 
where children can interact with rays, horseshoe crabs, and many other 
native species from the waters of South Carolina.
  Funding would also go towards funding a live feed connection so the 
children would be able to see into the inaccessible realms of the 
Hollings Marine Lab, and further development of the South Carolina 
Sustainable Seafood Initiative, which educates children on fisheries 
conservation.
  Madam Chairman, funding for institutions such as the South Carolina 
Aquarium are worthwhile investments for the taxpayer. The reason is 
that with ``seed money'' organizations such as the South Carolina 
Aquarium are able to attract corporate donations which amount to much 
more than the original earmark and prove to be the foundations that our 
zoos and aquariums are built upon.
  If my colleagues would like to research the criteria for projects 
under the Institution of Museum and Library Services account within 
this bill, the South Carolina Aquarium project is exactly why the 
Institute of Museum and Library Services account exists.

[[Page H8088]]

  And I urge my colleagues, Madam Chairman, to vote ``no'' on the Flake 
amendment.
  Madam Chairman, I yield back the balance of my time.
  Mr. FLAKE. Madam Chairman, I yield back the balance of my time.
  The CHAIRMAN. The question is on the amendment offered by the 
gentleman from Arizona (Mr. Flake).
  The question was taken; and the Chairman announced that the noes 
appeared to have it.
  Mr. FLAKE. Madam Chairman, I demand a recorded vote.
  The CHAIRMAN. Pursuant to clause 6 of rule XVIII, further proceedings 
on the amendment offered by the gentleman from Arizona will be 
postponed.


                 Amendment No. 12 Offered by Mr. Flake

  Mr. FLAKE. Madam Chairman, I offer an amendment.
  The CHAIRMAN. Without objection, the Clerk will report the amendment.
  There was no objection.
  The Clerk read as follows:

       Amendment No. 12 offered by Mr. Flake:
       At the end of the bill (before the short title), insert the 
     following:
       Sec. ___. (a) Limitation on Use of Funds.--None of the 
     funds in this Act shall be available for the Kansas Regional 
     Prisons Museum, Lansing, Kansas, for educational and outreach 
     programs.
       (b) Corresponding Reduction of Funds.--The amount otherwise 
     provided by this Act for ``Institute of Museum and Library 
     Services--Office of Museum and Library Services: Grants and 
     Administration'' is hereby reduced by $100,000.

  The CHAIRMAN. Pursuant to the order of the House of today, the 
gentleman from Arizona (Mr. Flake) and a Member opposed each will 
control 5 minutes.
  The Chair recognizes the gentleman from Arizona.
  Mr. FLAKE. Madam Chairman, this amendment would prohibit $100,000 
from being used to fund educational and outreach programs at the Kansas 
Regional Prison Museum at Lansing, Kansas. I've often joked that the 
way we splurge taxpayer funds on thousands of earmarks is a crime. But 
this earmark gives that sentiment a little new relevance.
  It appears that Leavenworth County in Kansas uniquely hosts Federal, 
State, military and private prisons, and a regional prison museum is 
proposed to honor that heritage. This prison museum building would be 
in addition to the existing Lansing Historical Museum, complete with a 
gallows chamber, replicated cells and a 12- to 14-foot stone wall 
around the complex.
  All told, it appears this prison museum addition would significantly 
increase the overall display area of the Lansing Historical Museum from 
roughly 1,500 square feet to nearly 8,000 square feet of display area. 
Here, I think it is a pretty clear case. It may have some local 
relevance, but asking taxpayers across the country to pay for a prison 
museum is probably not a wise use of funds here.
  The Kansas director of Americans for Prosperity, a grass-roots 
organization that focuses on taxpayer issues, called earmarking Federal 
funds for this project ``wasteful Federal spending'' and suggested that 
``if there is truly a market for a prison museum, people who find it 
interesting should pay for it, not the 99.9 percent of taxpayers who 
will never visit it.''
  AFP, or Americans for Prosperity, also suggested that nontaxpayer 
sources of revenue could be found if there was adequate local support 
to build an economically viable prison museum in Lansing.
  Madam Chairman, I reserve the balance of my time.
  Mrs. BOYDA of Kansas. I rise in opposition.
  The CHAIRMAN. The gentlewoman is recognized for 5 minutes.
  Mrs. BOYDA of Kansas. First of all, Mr. Flake, I would certainly like 
to just say thank you so much for this opportunity. I've had a lot of 
people on both sides of the aisle say that this whole thing is a 
complete waste of time. And I personally just want to thank you for the 
opportunity to stand up and talk about Leavenworth County, Kansas. We 
don't get that opportunity enough.

                              {time}  2015

  Actually we have many prisons. We probably have more prisons in 
Leavenworth County, Kansas, than any other county in the United States. 
Let me tell you about three of them. Lansing, which is in Leavenworth 
County, hosts and houses the Kansas State correctional facility for the 
entire State. Then, of course, we have the United States penitentiary. 
It is an historic penitentiary, has got some names of people who have 
been housed there: George ``Machine Gun'' Kelly; the NFL running back 
Bam Morris; Leonard Peltier; Fritz Duquesne, a Nazi spy; and Robert 
Stroud, who later became the Birdman of Alcatraz. So it has a huge 
history there. But it currently still houses close to 2,000 prisoners 
for the United States Government, Mr. Flake.
  Then let me tell you about the detention barracks, which is part of 
Fort Leavenworth. Actually, for the first time in, say, 50 years, a 
unit from Fort Leavenworth was actually sent to Iraq because they were 
so expert in detentions and in handling these kinds of extremely 
difficult and sensitive issues that they went to Iraq to try to clean 
up some of the mess that was made by some of the detention problems.
  So, Mr. Flake, I would just say to you that I don't think this is a 
joking manner in any way, shape, or form. It is very easy for you to go 
tell the people of Arizona that you are tough on crime. But let me say 
that it is a very difficult thing to do, and we take a great deal of 
pride about it in Kansas. It does take a lot more than talk to say that 
you are tough on crime.
  The local residents are proud of their heritage and rightly so, and 
they see it as part of their responsibility to preserve this history. 
Let me talk about what they are doing. They are raising $2 million of 
private funds for this.
  So I am proud. And, again, I just thank you for giving me the 
opportunity to talk about this. We are asking for $100,000 to add to 
this museum. But let me talk about one other thing. Mr. Flake, I don't 
know if you understand this.
  Mr. WESTMORELAND. Madam Chairman, would the gentlewoman please 
address the Chair and not a Member?
  The CHAIRMAN. The gentlewoman must address her remarks to the Chair.
  Mrs. BOYDA of Kansas. Madam Chairman, real life corrections work is 
sometimes dangerous, and it involves loss of life and injury. This 
memorial, this museum, will actually be a memorial to those fallen who 
have, again, at the U.S. penitentiary as well as our State, as well as 
our fort, and the detention barracks that are there, this memorial will 
offer an appropriate tribute to the sacrifices that these people have 
made.
  So, again, it is very, very easy to say that we are tough on crime. 
The men and women who do the corrections work in Leavenworth County, 
Kansas, understand that it takes a heck of a lot more than talk to get 
behind this and be tough on crime to be able to do what we know needs 
to be done in this country.
  Again, I am glad to have the opportunity to stand up here. 
Leavenworth County has a rich tradition. We were part of the border 
wars when it came to the settling of one of the biggest issues in this 
country about slavery. We have the United States penitentiary, which is 
just so intense in its history. We have the Leavenworth, which has 
played a huge role in keeping our country safe.
  So I appreciate this. We would like as many people to come. This is 
going to be a tourist attraction, and we are inviting as many people as 
we can to Leavenworth County, Kansas, while we are building this museum 
and certainly as well as after it is built.
  Madam Chairman, I reserve the balance of my time.
  Mr. FLAKE. Madam Chairman, again, I don't want to diminish the need 
that the locals feel to have this museum. People around the country 
have varying needs and wants for museums, whether it is a teapot museum 
in North Carolina or a Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in Ohio. Local needs 
are such and people visit and tourists find that interesting.
  But why should the Federal taxpayer be on the hook? When do we say, 
is there a time at which we say enough is enough, we can't handle any 
more? Thirteen hundred earmarks. Yes, it is down from the heyday of 
2005, and I make no excuses for my own party for doing that. But is it 
right? When should we say enough is enough and simply say we shouldn't 
be using Federal taxpayer dollars for these kinds of projects?

[[Page H8089]]

  Madam Chairman, I yield back the balance of my time.
  Mrs. BOYDA of Kansas. Again, Madam Chairman, I would just reiterate 
that the people of Leavenworth County, Kansas, are proudly working hard 
to raise $2 million of private funds. And I stand before this body 
today and am proud to say that $100,000 will go to this. And, again, I 
am very proud to do this on behalf of Leavenworth County, Kansas, and 
invite everyone to come see the rich tradition that makes Leavenworth 
County a great place.
  Madam Chairman, I yield back the balance of my time.
  Mr. OBEY. Madam Chairman, I move to strike the last word.
  The CHAIRMAN. The gentleman from Wisconsin is recognized for 5 
minutes.
  Mr. OBEY. Madam Chairman, I will just take 1 minute to observe this: 
The gentleman from Arizona has said, in reference to this project, 
enough is enough. Let me ask why don't we say enough is enough to 
spending $600 billion in a futile and fruitless and misguided war in 
Iraq? Why don't we say enough is enough in putting the needs of 
millionaires who are going to get $57 billion in tax cuts this year 
ahead of the needs of average working people with respect to 
investments in their education, their job training, and their community 
development and their health care? I think, indeed, enough is enough, 
but we ought to be saying that about the right things.
  Madam Chairman, I yield back the balance of my time.
  The CHAIRMAN. The question is on the amendment offered by the 
gentleman from Arizona (Mr. Flake).
  The question was taken; and the Chairman announced that the noes 
appeared to have it.
  Mr. FLAKE. Madam Chairman, I demand a recorded vote.
  The CHAIRMAN. Pursuant to clause 6 of rule XVIII, further proceedings 
on the amendment offered by the gentleman from Arizona will be 
postponed.


                 Amendment No. 13 Offered by Mr. Flake

  Mr. FLAKE. Madam Chairman, I offer an amendment.
  The CHAIRMAN. Without objection, the Clerk will report the amendment.
  There was no objection.
  The Clerk read as follows:

       Amendment No. 13 offered by Mr. Flake:
       At the end of the bill (before the short title), insert the 
     following:
       Sec. ___. (a) Limitation on Use of Funds.--None of the 
     funds in this Act shall be available for the Shedd Aquarium, 
     Chicago, Illinois, for exhibits and community outreach.
       (b) Corresponding Reduction of Funds.--The amount otherwise 
     provided by this Act for ``Institute of Museum and Library 
     Services--Office of Museum and Library Services: Grants and 
     Administration'' is hereby reduced by $150,000.

  The CHAIRMAN. Pursuant to the order of House of today, the gentleman 
from Arizona (Mr. Flake) and a Member opposed each will control 5 
minutes.
  The Chair recognizes the gentleman from Arizona.
  Mr. FLAKE. Madam Chairman, this amendment would eliminate $150,000 in 
Federal funds for the Shedd Aquarium in Chicago, Illinois, for exhibits 
and community outreach.
  Shedding some light on earmarks like this should be one of Congress' 
top initiatives, and I am glad that we have this opportunity to do it.
  The certification letter I submitted to the Appropriations Committee 
by the Member sponsoring the project stated ``the funding would 
highlight the Great Lakes aquatic ecosystem and incorporate community 
outreach, team mentor and stewardships program.''
  This is the second largest indoor aquarium in the world containing 
8,000 animals, 650 species. An ``all access pass'' for admission is $23 
for adults and $16 for children, and this aquarium gets 2 million 
visitors annually. According to the Charity Navigator, annual revenue 
for the Shedd Aquarium in 2004 totaled over $50 million. This is 
revenue in 2004 totaling $50 million.
  In 2004 alone the Shedd Aquarium had over $215 million in net assets 
and nearly $13 million in excess revenue. Let me read that again. In 
2004 alone the Shedd Aquarium had over $215 million in net assets and 
nearly $13 million in excess revenue.
  Why in the world, please tell me, are we giving 150,000 hard-earned 
Federal tax dollars to a local aquarium that has $13 million in excess 
revenue in 1 single year? It simply doesn't seem right to me.
  The Shedd Aquarium has applied for and has received at least four 
competitive IMLS grants in the past, but this earmark skirts that 
process.
  Again, we often talk about how we know more about our districts than 
some faceless bureaucrat in some agency. Well, those faceless 
bureaucrats in some agency awarded four grants to this institution. But 
that wasn't enough. They were back for another earmark, where 
apparently maybe they didn't get the grant this year; so we are going 
to earmark funds for the organization. Why do we set up a competitive 
grant program in a Federal agency and then say we are going to go 
around it by issuing an earmark?
  Oftentimes we give earmarks to organizations that fail to get a 
grant, that fail the competitive process that we have ordered the 
Federal agency to establish. The oversight process dictates that we 
actually call in Federal agencies if we don't like the processes that 
they have set up and tell them to set up a new process or we deny them 
funding. And for those of us who say that they won't talk to us or 
those Federal agencies are nonresponsive, cut their funding for a while 
and see how responsive they become. That is our role, not to compete 
with the Federal agencies in how we can spend taxpayer dollars without 
competitive bids or without a process in place.
  And I see that those who sponsored the amendment are here.
  Madam Chairman, I reserve the balance of my time.
  Mr. EMANUEL. Madam Chairman, I rise in opposition to the amendment.
  The CHAIRMAN. The gentleman from Illinois is recognized for 5 
minutes.
  Mr. EMANUEL. Madam Chairman, I was listening to my friend from 
Arizona, which is a State with a desert that has both Lake Powell and 
Lake Havasu that have been built with Federal money so they can have 
water. Talk about Lake Michigan and the other Great Lakes, the largest 
body of freshwater in all of America, in fact, 90 percent of the 
freshwater in the United States, 20 percent of the world's freshwater. 
Thirty-seven million Americans get their daily drinking water from Lake 
Michigan and other Great Lakes.
  The Shedd Aquarium, as you noted, has more visitors, 2 million 
people, in fact, people from Arizona come to see the Shedd Aquarium. 
More people visit that aquarium than any other aquarium for the last 10 
years.
  This program actually has bipartisan support, as you probably know, 
in the Commerce, State, and Justice bill. My good friend from Illinois 
(Mr. Kirk), a Republican, got resources to help the Shedd Aquarium.
  The reason we are doing this, and you may not have known this and 
obviously those of us in the Great Lakes States care greatly about it, 
but BP, British Petroleum, the other day has gotten a waiver now to 
dump more untreated ammonia in the Great Lakes. It is our greatest 
national treasure like Yellowstone Park, like the Grand Canyon and 
others. The freshwater that surrounds Michigan, Indiana, Illinois, 
Wisconsin, New York, Pennsylvania, and Ohio is a great national 
treasure. It provides, as I said, 37 million Americans with their daily 
drinking water. And the Shedd Aquarium educates other people to the 
importance of the Great Lakes.
  And I always noted the State of Arizona actually had a plan on the 
books, and I think got an earmark for this once, how to build a 
pipeline from the Great Lakes to provide water to Arizona. You have got 
a desert; we have got the Great Lakes.
  Madam Chairman, I yield 30 seconds to my colleague from Illinois (Mr. 
Kirk), who has been a supporter of the Shedd Aquarium.
  Mr. KIRK. Madam Chairman, I thank my colleague from Illinois for 
yielding.
  I rise in opposition to this amendment because he is exactly right. A 
detailed review of the Shedd Aquarium shows that it has now become the 
center for Great Lakes advocacy. We are in the middle of a battle to 
stop the increase in ammonia and wastewater dumping by British 
Petroleum, the first new polluter in Lake Michigan. The Shedd is the 
fort with which we advocate for this protection of the crown jewel of 
the Midwest ecosystem, and I think this is an essential way to

[[Page H8090]]

go forward to make sure that we protect the drinking water for over 30 
million Americans.
  Mr. EMANUEL. Madam Chairman, I yield the balance of my time to my 
colleague from Illinois (Ms. Bean).
  Ms. BEAN. Madam Chairman, I thank the gentleman for yielding.
  And I acknowledge that the Illinois delegation on a bipartisan basis 
has supported this project. And this project, unlike the one that my 
colleague from Arizona mentioned, isn't a typical aquarium project. 
This is focusing on resources that highlight the importance and 
fragility of our Great Lakes aquatic ecosystem from the Dunes to 
Chicago's unique urbanized lakefront to the Illinois Beach State Park, 
where this interactive saltwater and freshwater aquatic biology lesson 
can take place.

                              {time}  2030

  This has bipartisan support. It is timely, given BP's recent 
announcement that it has received a permit to dump 1,500 pounds of 
ammonia and almost 5,000 pounds of sludge into Lake Michigan every day.
  I am proud to defend this request to protect our largest source of 
drinking water, not just in Illinois, not just in the country, but in 
the world.
  And my colleague from Arizona and from States like Colorado, who are 
experiencing severe water shortages, should want us to make sure that 
we're educating our community how to defend this important national 
resource.
  I would also suggest that, while I respect the gentleman's concern 
for fiscal responsibility that he shows on this $150,000 request out of 
a $150 billion bill, he didn't show such restraint in rolling back 
subsidies to the oil and gas industry for $14 billion earlier in the 
year. I would suggest that he look elsewhere to promote fiscal 
responsibility.
  I ask my colleagues to join me in opposition.
  Mr. FLAKE. I think the gentlelady may want to check the Record with 
regard to an energy bill. I'm not familiar with any that I voted for 
because they are hugely corporate subsidies.
  And let me just say one thing. Charlie brought up, well, you're from 
Arizona. The Central Arizona Project, the big Federal project, or the 
Glen Canyon Dam in the 1950s was built largely with Federal funds, as 
if these were some earmark slipped into a conference report 3 days 
before the bill came to the floor. Not at all. I mean, no projects were 
debated more. Nothing went through more authorization, appropriation 
and now oversight than those projects. I may have voted differently if 
I were around in the 1950s, but I wasn't.
  What we're debating here is whether we should spend $150,000 in 
Federal funds for a local aquarium in Chicago that in 2004 had $215 
million in net assets, $50 million in total revenue, and $13 million in 
excess revenue. That is the question before us. We can talk about 
Enron. We can talk about the war. We can talk about anything, but this 
is what's relevant here, whether the taxpayer should be spending 
$150,000 for an aquarium, a local aquarium that had $50 million in 
revenue in 1 year alone. It simply doesn't seem right.
  With that, Madam Chairman, I yield back the balance of my time.
  Mr. EMANUEL. Here it states, ``37 million Americans get their daily 
drinking water.'' It's the largest body of fresh water in North 
America. In fact, it's 90 percent of the water as it relates to body 
water.
  In that effort, this is a bipartisan effort because we are dealing 
with the contamination of the Great Lakes, and the Shedd Aquarium is at 
the forefront of preserving and helping us make sure that the Great 
Lakes are here for future generations.
  And the reason the Hoover Dam and other projects are relevant here, 
not the process about how they were authorized or appropriated, Arizona 
still seeks Federal subsidies for its water rights, which we still 
subsidize.
  The CHAIRMAN. The question is on the amendment offered by the 
gentleman from Arizona (Mr. Flake).
  The amendment was rejected.


                 Amendment No. 11 offered by Mr. Flake

  Mr. FLAKE. Madam Chairman, I offer an amendment.
  The CHAIRMAN. Without objection, the Clerk will report the amendment.
  There was no objection.
  The Clerk read as follows:

       Amendment No. 11 offered by Mr. Flake:
       At the end of the bill (before the short title), insert the 
     following:
       Sec. ___. (a) Limitation on Use of Funds.--None of the 
     funds in this Act shall be available for the Corporation for 
     Jefferson's Poplar Forest, Forest, Virginia, for expansion of 
     exhibits and outreach.
       (b) Corresponding Reduction of Funds.--The amount otherwise 
     provided by this Act for ``Institute of Museum and Library 
     Services--Office of Museum and Library Services: Grants and 
     Administration'' is hereby reduced by $200,000.

  The CHAIRMAN. Pursuant to the order of the House of today, the 
gentleman from Arizona (Mr. Flake) and a Member opposed each will 
control 5 minutes.
  The Chair recognizes the gentleman from Arizona.
  Mr. FLAKE. Madam Chairman, this amendment would prohibit $200,000, 
and reduce the cost of the bill by a consistent amount, from being used 
to expand the exhibits and outreach at Jefferson's Poplar Forest in 
Forest, Virginia.
  Now, I'm sure that Thomas Jefferson himself would appreciate the 
sentiment about this, but I'm not sure the earmark is consistent with 
the Jeffersonian philosophy of ``limited government,'' particularly 
limited Federal intrusion. He talked about a wise and frugal government 
in his 1801 inaugural address. I'm not sure that this sits well with 
that philosophy, spending Federal money, $200,000 in this case.
  Poplar Forest is an octagonal house, an acreage that was inherited by 
Jefferson's family. They used it as a retreat in the late 18th and 
early 19th centuries. Now, I won't take too much time on it, but 
suffice it to say there is a lot of local support for something like 
this. It sounds like a great house.
  I enjoy going to Monticello and visiting the sites of Thomas 
Jefferson. I'm sure that this is a fitting reminder of his life work 
and historical importance, along with a lot of other things that we 
have. But here again, there is an infinite need around the country for 
money for projects like this. If you simply ask the sponsoring Members, 
if you say that it's needed for economic development or tourism, what 
earmark would ever fail with that kind of criteria? We simply have to 
have a higher standard here. Does it have a Federal nexus? Can we 
afford it? Is it consistent with limited government, economic freedom, 
individual responsibility? That's what we should be asking ourselves 
here.
  Madam Chairman, I reserve the balance of my time.
  Mr. WALSH of New York. I rise in opposition to the amendment.
  The CHAIRMAN. The gentleman is recognized for 5 minutes.
  Mr. WALSH of New York. I rise in opposition to this amendment on 
behalf of the gentleman from Virginia's Sixth Congressional District, 
Mr. Goodlatte. He is involved in the markup of the Agriculture bill 
this evening, and so I would like to place this statement in the Record 
on his behalf.
  Madam Chairman, for Members not familiar with Thomas Jefferson's 
Poplar Forest in Bedford, Virginia, the House was designed in 1806, and 
the grounds are located about an hour south of Charlottesville in the 
heart of central Virginia.
  This investment of Federal funds will allow the landmark to open to 
the public 50 acres of hallowed ground once roamed by this farmer, 
diplomatic, meteorologist, President, and author of the Declaration of 
Independence; indeed, America's first Renaissance man.
  Poplar Forest was an important part of Jefferson's life, a private 
retreat situated far from the public scrutiny and demands on our 
Nation's third President. It was his most personal architectural 
creation and landscape, a place where he came to find rest and leisure, 
to rekindle his creativity, and to enjoy private time with his family.
  Poplar Forest was also a working plantation, critical to his efforts 
as a farmer. In fact, the area around Poplar Forest is where Mr. 
Jefferson was forced to retreat while being pursued by British troops.
  Today, scholars and historians work on restoring the home to its 
original design and conduct archeological research on the farming, 
landscaping and slave life of the grounds. While the staff at Poplar 
Forest continues to restore the historic land and house, they

[[Page H8091]]

are working on the first steps of developing the retreat for public 
use.
  As is the case with other historic Presidential sites, it will take 
time to tap the extraordinary potential of Poplar Forest to provide 
even more insight into one of America's most influential and public 
figures whose ideas still influence world debate and even govern rules 
of decorum on the House floor this evening.
  Madam Chairman, while I share the gentleman's desire for fiscal 
responsibility, I will inform him that the private sector has furnished 
84 percent of the funds it has taken to bring Poplar Forest's rescue 
and development through the initial stages. However, given the clear 
national role that Thomas Jefferson's legacy plays in our cultural 
heritage, I believe that Federal investment is prudent. It is vital to 
preserve this national treasure, which is listed on the National 
Register of Historic Places, so that all Americans can continue to 
learn about Jefferson's life and his vision for the future of our 
country.
  I offer this for Mr. Goodlatte. I'm sure he would be here, but duty 
calls at the Agriculture Committee.
  Madam Chairman, I yield back the balance of my time.
  Mr. FLAKE. Madam Chairman, to end this debate tonight on these 
earmarks, I would just say that there has not been one earmark that has 
been challenged here tonight that isn't going to a valuable 
organization as far as I'm concerned. The question is not is there 
value in that organization or is there value in what this aquarium or 
what this historic site is doing. The question is should we be paying 
for it at the Federal level. And I think that's what taxpayers have a 
hard time with, and I think they should, particularly given the fiscal 
problems that we're having at the Federal level.
  Madam Chairman, I yield back the balance of my time.
  The CHAIRMAN. The question is on the amendment offered by the 
gentleman from Arizona (Mr. Flake).
  The question was taken; and the Chairman announced that the noes 
appeared to have it.
  Mr. FLAKE. Madam Chairman, I demand a recorded vote.
  The CHAIRMAN. Pursuant to clause 6 of rule XVIII, further proceedings 
on the amendment offered by the gentleman from Arizona will be 
postponed.


                      Announcement by the Chairman

  The CHAIRMAN. Pursuant to clause 6 of rule XVIII, proceedings will 
now resume on those amendments on which further proceedings were 
postponed, in the following order:
  Amendment No. 49 by Mr. Shadegg of Arizona.
  Amendment No. 50 by Mr. Westmoreland of Georgia.
  An amendment by Mr. Ferguson of New Jersey.
  An amendment by Mr. Garrett of New Jersey.
  Amendment No. 65 by Mr. Price of Georgia.
  Amendment No. 55 by Mr. Shadegg of Arizona.
  Amendment No. 56 by Mr. Lamborn of Colorado.
  An amendment by Mr. Obey of Wisconsin.
  Amendment No. 19 by Mr. Flake of Arizona.
  An amendment by Mr. Dingell of Michigan.
  An amendment by Mr. Barton of Texas.
  Amendment No. 59 by Mr. Hensarling of Texas.
  Amendment No. 15 by Mr. Flake of Arizona.
  Amendment No. 10 by Mr. Flake of Arizona.
  Amendment No. 12 by Mr. Flake of Arizona.
  Amendment No. 11 by Mr. Flake of Arizona.
  The Chair will reduce to 2 minutes the time for any electronic vote 
after the first vote in this series.


                Amendment No. 49 Offered by Mr. Shadegg

  The CHAIRMAN. The unfinished business is the demand for a recorded 
vote on the amendment offered by the gentleman from Arizona (Mr. 
Shadegg) on which further proceedings were postponed and on which the 
noes prevailed by voice vote.
  The Clerk will redesignate the amendment.
  The Clerk redesignated the amendment.


                             Recorded Vote

  The CHAIRMAN. A recorded vote has been demanded.
  A recorded vote was ordered.
  The vote was taken by electronic device, and there were--ayes 116, 
noes 309, not voting 11, as follows:

                             [Roll No. 656]

                               AYES--116

     Akin
     Bachmann
     Bachus
     Barrett (SC)
     Bartlett (MD)
     Barton (TX)
     Biggert
     Bilbray
     Bishop (UT)
     Blackburn
     Blunt
     Boehner
     Boozman
     Brady (TX)
     Brown (SC)
     Brown-Waite, Ginny
     Buchanan
     Burgess
     Burton (IN)
     Camp (MI)
     Campbell (CA)
     Cannon
     Cantor
     Carter
     Chabot
     Coble
     Culberson
     Davis, David
     Davis, Tom
     Deal (GA)
     Drake
     Dreier
     Duncan
     Ehlers
     Fallin
     Feeney
     Flake
     Forbes
     Fossella
     Foxx
     Franks (AZ)
     Gallegly
     Garrett (NJ)
     Gingrey
     Gohmert
     Goode
     Goodlatte
     Granger
     Hastert
     Hastings (WA)
     Hayes
     Heller
     Hensarling
     Herger
     Hoekstra
     Hunter
     Inglis (SC)
     Issa
     Johnson, Sam
     Jordan
     Keller
     King (IA)
     Kingston
     Kline (MN)
     Lamborn
     Linder
     Lungren, Daniel E.
     Mack
     Manzullo
     Marchant
     McCaul (TX)
     McHenry
     McKeon
     McMorris Rodgers
     Mica
     Miller (FL)
     Miller, Gary
     Moran (KS)
     Musgrave
     Myrick
     Neugebauer
     Nunes
     Paul
     Pearce
     Pence
     Petri
     Pitts
     Poe
     Price (GA)
     Putnam
     Radanovich
     Reynolds
     Rohrabacher
     Roskam
     Royce
     Ryan (WI)
     Sali
     Sensenbrenner
     Sessions
     Shadegg
     Shays
     Shimkus
     Shuster
     Smith (NE)
     Smith (TX)
     Souder
     Sullivan
     Terry
     Thornberry
     Tiahrt
     Walberg
     Wamp
     Weldon (FL)
     Westmoreland
     Wilson (SC)
     Wolf

                               NOES--309

     Abercrombie
     Ackerman
     Aderholt
     Alexander
     Allen
     Altmire
     Andrews
     Arcuri
     Baca
     Baird
     Baker
     Baldwin
     Barrow
     Bean
     Becerra
     Berkley
     Berman
     Berry
     Bilirakis
     Bishop (GA)
     Bishop (NY)
     Blumenauer
     Bonner
     Bono
     Boren
     Boswell
     Boucher
     Boustany
     Boyd (FL)
     Boyda (KS)
     Brady (PA)
     Braley (IA)
     Butterfield
     Buyer
     Calvert
     Capito
     Capps
     Capuano
     Cardoza
     Carnahan
     Carney
     Carson
     Castle
     Castor
     Chandler
     Christensen
     Clarke
     Clay
     Cleaver
     Clyburn
     Cohen
     Cole (OK)
     Conaway
     Conyers
     Cooper
     Costello
     Courtney
     Cramer
     Crenshaw
     Crowley
     Cubin
     Cuellar
     Cummings
     Davis (AL)
     Davis (CA)
     Davis (IL)
     Davis (KY)
     Davis, Lincoln
     DeFazio
     DeGette
     Delahunt
     DeLauro
     Dent
     Diaz-Balart, L.
     Diaz-Balart, M.
     Dicks
     Dingell
     Doggett
     Donnelly
     Doolittle
     Doyle
     Edwards
     Ellison
     Ellsworth
     Emanuel
     Emerson
     Engel
     English (PA)
     Eshoo
     Etheridge
     Everett
     Farr
     Fattah
     Ferguson
     Filner
     Fortenberry
     Fortuno
     Frank (MA)
     Frelinghuysen
     Gerlach
     Giffords
     Gilchrest
     Gillibrand
     Gillmor
     Gonzalez
     Gordon
     Graves
     Green, Al
     Green, Gene
     Grijalva
     Gutierrez
     Hall (NY)
     Hall (TX)
     Hare
     Harman
     Hastings (FL)
     Herseth Sandlin
     Higgins
     Hill
     Hinchey
     Hinojosa
     Hirono
     Hodes
     Holden
     Holt
     Honda
     Hooley
     Hoyer
     Hulshof
     Inslee
     Israel
     Jackson (IL)
     Jackson-Lee (TX)
     Jindal
     Johnson (GA)
     Johnson (IL)
     Johnson, E. B.
     Jones (NC)
     Jones (OH)
     Kagen
     Kanjorski
     Kaptur
     Kennedy
     Kildee
     Kilpatrick
     Kind
     King (NY)
     Kirk
     Klein (FL)
     Knollenberg
     Kucinich
     Kuhl (NY)
     LaHood
     Lampson
     Langevin
     Lantos
     Larsen (WA)
     Larson (CT)
     Latham
     LaTourette
     Lee
     Levin
     Lewis (CA)
     Lewis (GA)
     Lewis (KY)
     Lipinski
     LoBiondo
     Loebsack
     Lofgren, Zoe
     Lowey
     Lucas
     Lynch
     Mahoney (FL)
     Maloney (NY)
     Markey
     Marshall
     Matheson
     Matsui
     McCarthy (CA)
     McCarthy (NY)
     McCollum (MN)
     McCotter
     McCrery
     McDermott
     McGovern
     McHugh
     McIntyre
     McNerney
     McNulty
     Meek (FL)
     Melancon
     Michaud
     Miller (MI)
     Miller (NC)
     Miller, George
     Mitchell
     Mollohan
     Moore (KS)
     Moore (WI)
     Moran (VA)
     Murphy (CT)
     Murphy, Patrick
     Murphy, Tim
     Murtha
     Nadler
     Napolitano
     Neal (MA)
     Norton
     Oberstar
     Obey
     Olver
     Ortiz
     Pallone
     Pascrell
     Pastor
     Payne
     Perlmutter
     Peterson (MN)
     Peterson (PA)
     Pickering
     Platts
     Pomeroy
     Porter
     Price (NC)
     Pryce (OH)
     Rahall
     Ramstad
     Rangel
     Regula
     Rehberg
     Reichert
     Renzi
     Reyes
     Rodriguez
     Rogers (AL)
     Rogers (KY)
     Rogers (MI)
     Ros-Lehtinen
     Ross
     Rothman
     Roybal-Allard
     Ruppersberger
     Rush
     Ryan (OH)
     Salazar
     Sanchez, Linda T.
     Sanchez, Loretta
     Sarbanes
     Saxton
     Schakowsky
     Schiff
     Schmidt
     Schwartz
     Scott (GA)
     Scott (VA)
     Serrano
     Sestak
     Shea-Porter
     Sherman
     Shuler
     Simpson
     Sires
     Skelton
     Slaughter
     Smith (NJ)
     Smith (WA)
     Snyder
     Solis
     Space
     Spratt
     Stearns
     Stupak
     Tanner
     Tauscher
     Taylor
     Thompson (CA)
     Thompson (MS)
     Tiberi
     Tierney
     Towns
     Turner
     Udall (CO)
     Udall (NM)

[[Page H8092]]


     Upton
     Van Hollen
     Velazquez
     Visclosky
     Walden (OR)
     Walsh (NY)
     Walz (MN)
     Wasserman Schultz
     Waters
     Watson
     Watt
     Waxman
     Weiner
     Welch (VT)
     Weller
     Wexler
     Whitfield
     Wicker
     Wilson (NM)
     Wilson (OH)
     Woolsey
     Wu
     Wynn
     Yarmuth
     Young (AK)
     Young (FL)

                             NOT VOTING--11

     Bordallo
     Brown, Corrine
     Costa
     Davis, Jo Ann
     Faleomavaega
     Hobson
     Jefferson
     Meeks (NY)
     Stark
     Sutton
     Tancredo

                              {time}  2104

  Messrs. ROTHMAN, GORDON of Tennessee, STEARNS, and BONNER changed 
their vote from ``aye'' to ``no.''
  Mr. DANIEL E. LUNGREN of California changed his vote from ``no'' to 
``aye.''
  So the amendment was rejected.
  The result of the vote was announced as above recorded.


              Amendment No. 50 Offered by Mr. Westmoreland

  The CHAIRMAN. The unfinished business is the demand for a recorded 
vote on the amendment offered by the gentleman from Georgia (Mr. 
Westmoreland) on which further proceedings were postponed and on which 
the noes prevailed by voice vote.
  The Clerk will redesignate the amendment.
  The Clerk redesignated the amendment.


                             Recorded Vote

  The CHAIRMAN. A recorded vote has been demanded.
  A recorded vote was ordered.
  The CHAIRMAN. This will be a 2-minute vote.
  The vote was taken by electronic device, and there were--ayes 97, 
noes 331, not voting 8, as follows:

                             [Roll No. 657]

                                AYES--97

     Akin
     Bachmann
     Bachus
     Barrett (SC)
     Bartlett (MD)
     Barton (TX)
     Bilbray
     Bishop (UT)
     Blackburn
     Boehner
     Bonner
     Bono
     Calvert
     Camp (MI)
     Campbell (CA)
     Cannon
     Cantor
     Carter
     Chabot
     Coble
     Conaway
     Culberson
     Davis, David
     Deal (GA)
     Diaz-Balart, L.
     Diaz-Balart, M.
     Drake
     Dreier
     Duncan
     Fallin
     Feeney
     Flake
     Fossella
     Foxx
     Franks (AZ)
     Gallegly
     Garrett (NJ)
     Gingrey
     Gohmert
     Goode
     Granger
     Hastert
     Hastings (WA)
     Heller
     Hensarling
     Herger
     Inglis (SC)
     Issa
     Johnson, Sam
     Jordan
     Keller
     King (IA)
     Kline (MN)
     Lamborn
     Linder
     Mack
     Manzullo
     Marchant
     McCaul (TX)
     McHenry
     McKeon
     Mica
     Miller (FL)
     Miller, Gary
     Neugebauer
     Paul
     Pearce
     Pence
     Petri
     Poe
     Price (GA)
     Putnam
     Radanovich
     Reynolds
     Rogers (MI)
     Rohrabacher
     Royce
     Ryan (WI)
     Sali
     Schmidt
     Sensenbrenner
     Sessions
     Shadegg
     Shimkus
     Shuster
     Smith (NE)
     Smith (TX)
     Souder
     Stearns
     Sullivan
     Terry
     Thornberry
     Tiahrt
     Walberg
     Weldon (FL)
     Westmoreland
     Wilson (SC)

                               NOES--331

     Abercrombie
     Ackerman
     Aderholt
     Alexander
     Allen
     Altmire
     Andrews
     Arcuri
     Baca
     Baird
     Baker
     Baldwin
     Barrow
     Bean
     Becerra
     Berkley
     Berman
     Berry
     Biggert
     Bilirakis
     Bishop (GA)
     Bishop (NY)
     Blumenauer
     Blunt
     Boozman
     Boren
     Boswell
     Boucher
     Boustany
     Boyd (FL)
     Boyda (KS)
     Brady (PA)
     Brady (TX)
     Braley (IA)
     Brown (SC)
     Brown-Waite, Ginny
     Buchanan
     Burgess
     Burton (IN)
     Butterfield
     Buyer
     Capito
     Capps
     Capuano
     Cardoza
     Carnahan
     Carney
     Carson
     Castle
     Castor
     Chandler
     Christensen
     Clarke
     Clay
     Cleaver
     Clyburn
     Cohen
     Cole (OK)
     Conyers
     Cooper
     Costa
     Costello
     Courtney
     Cramer
     Crenshaw
     Crowley
     Cubin
     Cuellar
     Cummings
     Davis (AL)
     Davis (CA)
     Davis (IL)
     Davis (KY)
     Davis, Lincoln
     Davis, Tom
     DeFazio
     DeGette
     Delahunt
     DeLauro
     Dent
     Dicks
     Dingell
     Doggett
     Donnelly
     Doolittle
     Doyle
     Edwards
     Ehlers
     Ellison
     Ellsworth
     Emanuel
     Emerson
     Engel
     English (PA)
     Eshoo
     Etheridge
     Everett
     Farr
     Fattah
     Ferguson
     Filner
     Forbes
     Fortenberry
     Fortuno
     Frank (MA)
     Frelinghuysen
     Gerlach
     Giffords
     Gilchrest
     Gillibrand
     Gillmor
     Gonzalez
     Goodlatte
     Gordon
     Graves
     Green, Al
     Green, Gene
     Grijalva
     Gutierrez
     Hall (NY)
     Hall (TX)
     Hare
     Harman
     Hastings (FL)
     Hayes
     Herseth Sandlin
     Higgins
     Hill
     Hinchey
     Hinojosa
     Hirono
     Hobson
     Hodes
     Hoekstra
     Holden
     Holt
     Honda
     Hooley
     Hoyer
     Hulshof
     Hunter
     Inslee
     Israel
     Jackson (IL)
     Jackson-Lee (TX)
     Jindal
     Johnson (GA)
     Johnson (IL)
     Johnson, E. B.
     Jones (NC)
     Jones (OH)
     Kagen
     Kanjorski
     Kaptur
     Kennedy
     Kildee
     Kilpatrick
     Kind
     King (NY)
     Kingston
     Kirk
     Klein (FL)
     Knollenberg
     Kucinich
     Kuhl (NY)
     LaHood
     Lampson
     Langevin
     Lantos
     Larsen (WA)
     Larson (CT)
     Latham
     LaTourette
     Lee
     Levin
     Lewis (CA)
     Lewis (GA)
     Lewis (KY)
     Lipinski
     LoBiondo
     Loebsack
     Lofgren, Zoe
     Lowey
     Lucas
     Lungren, Daniel E.
     Lynch
     Mahoney (FL)
     Maloney (NY)
     Markey
     Marshall
     Matheson
     Matsui
     McCarthy (CA)
     McCarthy (NY)
     McCollum (MN)
     McCotter
     McCrery
     McDermott
     McGovern
     McHugh
     McIntyre
     McMorris Rodgers
     McNerney
     McNulty
     Meek (FL)
     Meeks (NY)
     Melancon
     Michaud
     Miller (MI)
     Miller (NC)
     Miller, George
     Mitchell
     Mollohan
     Moore (KS)
     Moore (WI)
     Moran (KS)
     Moran (VA)
     Murphy (CT)
     Murphy, Patrick
     Murphy, Tim
     Murtha
     Musgrave
     Nadler
     Napolitano
     Neal (MA)
     Norton
     Nunes
     Oberstar
     Obey
     Olver
     Ortiz
     Pallone
     Pascrell
     Pastor
     Payne
     Perlmutter
     Peterson (MN)
     Peterson (PA)
     Pickering
     Pitts
     Platts
     Pomeroy
     Porter
     Price (NC)
     Pryce (OH)
     Rahall
     Ramstad
     Rangel
     Regula
     Rehberg
     Reichert
     Renzi
     Reyes
     Rodriguez
     Rogers (AL)
     Rogers (KY)
     Ros-Lehtinen
     Roskam
     Ross
     Rothman
     Roybal-Allard
     Ruppersberger
     Rush
     Ryan (OH)
     Salazar
     Sanchez, Linda T.
     Sanchez, Loretta
     Sarbanes
     Saxton
     Schakowsky
     Schiff
     Schwartz
     Scott (GA)
     Scott (VA)
     Serrano
     Sestak
     Shays
     Shea-Porter
     Sherman
     Shuler
     Simpson
     Sires
     Skelton
     Slaughter
     Smith (NJ)
     Smith (WA)
     Snyder
     Solis
     Space
     Spratt
     Stupak
     Sutton
     Tanner
     Tauscher
     Taylor
     Thompson (CA)
     Thompson (MS)
     Tiberi
     Tierney
     Towns
     Turner
     Udall (CO)
     Udall (NM)
     Upton
     Van Hollen
     Velazquez
     Visclosky
     Walden (OR)
     Walsh (NY)
     Walz (MN)
     Wamp
     Wasserman Schultz
     Waters
     Watson
     Watt
     Waxman
     Weiner
     Welch (VT)
     Weller
     Wexler
     Whitfield
     Wicker
     Wilson (NM)
     Wilson (OH)
     Wolf
     Woolsey
     Wu
     Wynn
     Yarmuth
     Young (AK)
     Young (FL)

                             NOT VOTING--8

     Bordallo
     Brown, Corrine
     Davis, Jo Ann
     Faleomavaega
     Jefferson
     Myrick
     Stark
     Tancredo


                      Announcement by the Chairman

  The CHAIRMAN (during the vote). Members are advised 1 minute remains 
in the vote.

                              {time}  2108

  So the amendment was rejected.
  The result of the vote was announced as above recorded.


                   Amendment Offered by Mr. Ferguson

  The CHAIRMAN. The unfinished business is the demand for a recorded 
vote on the amendment offered by the gentleman from New Jersey (Mr. 
Ferguson) on which further proceedings were postponed and on which the 
noes prevailed by voice vote.
  The Clerk will redesignate the amendment.
  The Clerk redesignated the amendment.


                             Recorded Vote

  The CHAIRMAN. A recorded vote has been demanded.
  A recorded vote was ordered.
  The CHAIRMAN. This will be a 2-minute vote.
  The vote was taken by electronic device, and there were--ayes 419, 
noes 11, not voting 6, as follows:

                             [Roll No. 658]

                               AYES--419

     Abercrombie
     Ackerman
     Aderholt
     Akin
     Alexander
     Allen
     Altmire
     Andrews
     Arcuri
     Baca
     Bachmann
     Bachus
     Baird
     Baker
     Baldwin
     Barrett (SC)
     Barrow
     Bartlett (MD)
     Barton (TX)
     Bean
     Becerra
     Berkley
     Berman
     Berry
     Biggert
     Bilbray
     Bilirakis
     Bishop (GA)
     Bishop (NY)
     Bishop (UT)
     Blackburn
     Blumenauer
     Blunt
     Boehner
     Bonner
     Bono
     Boozman
     Boren
     Boswell
     Boucher
     Boustany
     Boyd (FL)
     Boyda (KS)
     Brady (PA)
     Brady (TX)
     Braley (IA)
     Brown (SC)
     Brown-Waite, Ginny
     Buchanan
     Burgess
     Burton (IN)
     Butterfield
     Buyer
     Calvert
     Camp (MI)
     Campbell (CA)
     Cannon
     Cantor
     Capito
     Capps
     Capuano
     Cardoza
     Carnahan
     Carney
     Carson
     Carter
     Castle
     Castor
     Chabot
     Chandler
     Christensen
     Clarke
     Clay
     Cleaver
     Clyburn
     Coble
     Cohen
     Cole (OK)
     Conaway
     Conyers
     Cooper
     Costa
     Costello
     Courtney
     Cramer
     Crenshaw
     Crowley
     Cubin
     Cuellar
     Culberson
     Cummings
     Davis (AL)
     Davis (CA)
     Davis (IL)
     Davis (KY)
     Davis, David
     Davis, Lincoln
     Davis, Tom
     Deal (GA)
     DeFazio
     DeGette
     Delahunt
     DeLauro
     Dent
     Diaz-Balart, L.
     Diaz-Balart, M.
     Dicks
     Doggett
     Donnelly
     Doolittle
     Doyle
     Drake
     Dreier
     Duncan
     Edwards
     Ellison
     Ellsworth
     Emanuel
     Emerson

[[Page H8093]]


     Engel
     English (PA)
     Eshoo
     Etheridge
     Everett
     Fallin
     Farr
     Fattah
     Feeney
     Ferguson
     Filner
     Forbes
     Fortenberry
     Fortuno
     Fossella
     Foxx
     Frank (MA)
     Franks (AZ)
     Frelinghuysen
     Gallegly
     Garrett (NJ)
     Gerlach
     Giffords
     Gilchrest
     Gillibrand
     Gillmor
     Gingrey
     Gohmert
     Gonzalez
     Goode
     Goodlatte
     Gordon
     Granger
     Graves
     Green, Al
     Green, Gene
     Grijalva
     Gutierrez
     Hall (NY)
     Hall (TX)
     Hare
     Harman
     Hastert
     Hastings (FL)
     Hastings (WA)
     Hayes
     Heller
     Hensarling
     Herger
     Herseth Sandlin
     Higgins
     Hill
     Hinojosa
     Hobson
     Hodes
     Hoekstra
     Holden
     Holt
     Hooley
     Hoyer
     Hulshof
     Hunter
     Inglis (SC)
     Inslee
     Israel
     Issa
     Jackson (IL)
     Jackson-Lee (TX)
     Jefferson
     Jindal
     Johnson (GA)
     Johnson (IL)
     Johnson, E. B.
     Jones (NC)
     Jones (OH)
     Jordan
     Kagen
     Kanjorski
     Kaptur
     Keller
     Kennedy
     Kildee
     Kilpatrick
     Kind
     King (IA)
     King (NY)
     Kingston
     Kirk
     Klein (FL)
     Kline (MN)
     Knollenberg
     Kucinich
     Kuhl (NY)
     LaHood
     Lamborn
     Lampson
     Langevin
     Lantos
     Larsen (WA)
     Larson (CT)
     Latham
     LaTourette
     Lee
     Levin
     Lewis (CA)
     Lewis (GA)
     Lewis (KY)
     Linder
     Lipinski
     LoBiondo
     Loebsack
     Lofgren, Zoe
     Lowey
     Lucas
     Lungren, Daniel E.
     Lynch
     Mack
     Mahoney (FL)
     Maloney (NY)
     Manzullo
     Marchant
     Markey
     Marshall
     Matheson
     Matsui
     McCarthy (CA)
     McCarthy (NY)
     McCaul (TX)
     McCollum (MN)
     McCotter
     McCrery
     McDermott
     McGovern
     McHenry
     McHugh
     McIntyre
     McKeon
     McMorris Rodgers
     McNerney
     McNulty
     Meek (FL)
     Meeks (NY)
     Melancon
     Mica
     Michaud
     Miller (FL)
     Miller (MI)
     Miller (NC)
     Miller, Gary
     Miller, George
     Mitchell
     Moore (KS)
     Moore (WI)
     Moran (KS)
     Murphy (CT)
     Murphy, Patrick
     Murphy, Tim
     Murtha
     Musgrave
     Myrick
     Nadler
     Napolitano
     Neal (MA)
     Neugebauer
     Norton
     Nunes
     Oberstar
     Ortiz
     Pallone
     Pascrell
     Pastor
     Paul
     Payne
     Pearce
     Pence
     Perlmutter
     Peterson (MN)
     Peterson (PA)
     Petri
     Pickering
     Pitts
     Platts
     Poe
     Pomeroy
     Porter
     Price (GA)
     Price (NC)
     Pryce (OH)
     Putnam
     Radanovich
     Rahall
     Ramstad
     Rangel
     Regula
     Rehberg
     Reichert
     Renzi
     Reyes
     Reynolds
     Rodriguez
     Rogers (AL)
     Rogers (KY)
     Rogers (MI)
     Rohrabacher
     Ros-Lehtinen
     Roskam
     Ross
     Rothman
     Roybal-Allard
     Royce
     Ruppersberger
     Rush
     Ryan (OH)
     Ryan (WI)
     Salazar
     Sali
     Sanchez, Linda T.
     Sanchez, Loretta
     Sarbanes
     Saxton
     Schakowsky
     Schiff
     Schmidt
     Schwartz
     Scott (GA)
     Scott (VA)
     Sensenbrenner
     Serrano
     Sessions
     Sestak
     Shadegg
     Shays
     Shea-Porter
     Sherman
     Shimkus
     Shuler
     Shuster
     Simpson
     Sires
     Skelton
     Slaughter
     Smith (NE)
     Smith (NJ)
     Smith (TX)
     Smith (WA)
     Snyder
     Solis
     Souder
     Space
     Spratt
     Stearns
     Stupak
     Sullivan
     Sutton
     Tanner
     Tauscher
     Taylor
     Terry
     Thompson (CA)
     Thompson (MS)
     Thornberry
     Tiahrt
     Tiberi
     Tierney
     Towns
     Turner
     Udall (CO)
     Udall (NM)
     Upton
     Van Hollen
     Velazquez
     Visclosky
     Walberg
     Walden (OR)
     Walsh (NY)
     Walz (MN)
     Wamp
     Wasserman Schultz
     Waters
     Watson
     Watt
     Waxman
     Weiner
     Welch (VT)
     Weldon (FL)
     Weller
     Westmoreland
     Wexler
     Whitfield
     Wicker
     Wilson (NM)
     Wilson (OH)
     Wilson (SC)
     Wolf
     Woolsey
     Wu
     Wynn
     Yarmuth
     Young (AK)
     Young (FL)

                                NOES--11

     Dingell
     Ehlers
     Flake
     Hinchey
     Hirono
     Honda
     Johnson, Sam
     Mollohan
     Moran (VA)
     Obey
     Olver

                             NOT VOTING--6

     Bordallo
     Brown, Corrine
     Davis, Jo Ann
     Faleomavaega
     Stark
     Tancredo


                      Announcement by the Chairman

  The CHAIRMAN (during the vote). One minute remains on this vote.

                              {time}  2115

  Mrs. TAUSCHER, Ms. NORTON, Messrs. PALLONE, MARKEY, UDALL of 
Colorado, JEFFERSON, MICHAUD, ALLEN, BLUMENAUER, SERRANO, HILL, COOPER, 
BOYD of Florida, CLAY, KUCINICH, and VISCLOSKY, Ms. McCOLLUM of 
Minnesota, Mrs. LOWEY, Ms. SLAUGHTER, Ms. WATSON and Ms. WASSERMAN 
SCHULTZ changed their vote from ``no'' to ``aye.''
  So the amendment was agreed to.
  The result of the vote was announced as above recorded.


             Amendment Offered by Mr. Garrett of New Jersey

  The CHAIRMAN. The unfinished business is the demand for a recorded 
vote on the amendment offered by the gentleman from New Jersey (Mr. 
Garrett) on which further proceedings were postponed and on which the 
noes prevailed by voice vote.
  The Clerk will redesignate the amendment.
  The Clerk redesignated the amendment.


                             Recorded Vote

  The CHAIRMAN. A recorded vote has been demanded.
  A recorded vote was ordered.
  The CHAIRMAN. This will be a 2-minute vote.
  The vote was taken by electronic device, and there were--ayes 95, 
noes 335, not voting 6, as follows:

                             [Roll No. 659]

                                AYES--95

     Akin
     Bachmann
     Bachus
     Barrett (SC)
     Barrow
     Bean
     Biggert
     Blackburn
     Boehner
     Brown (SC)
     Brown-Waite, Ginny
     Burton (IN)
     Buyer
     Calvert
     Campbell (CA)
     Cannon
     Cantor
     Chabot
     Coble
     Cole (OK)
     Culberson
     Davis (KY)
     Davis, David
     Davis, Lincoln
     Deal (GA)
     Donnelly
     Drake
     Dreier
     Duncan
     Ellsworth
     Fallin
     Feeney
     Flake
     Fossella
     Foxx
     Franks (AZ)
     Gallegly
     Garrett (NJ)
     Gingrey
     Gohmert
     Goode
     Granger
     Hall (TX)
     Heller
     Hensarling
     Inglis (SC)
     Issa
     Johnson, Sam
     Jordan
     Keller
     King (IA)
     Kingston
     Kline (MN)
     Lamborn
     Lewis (KY)
     Linder
     Mack
     Manzullo
     Marchant
     Marshall
     Matheson
     McCaul (TX)
     McHenry
     Mica
     Miller (FL)
     Miller (MI)
     Miller, Gary
     Myrick
     Paul
     Pence
     Petri
     Poe
     Price (GA)
     Putnam
     Radanovich
     Rogers (AL)
     Rohrabacher
     Roskam
     Royce
     Ryan (WI)
     Sali
     Schmidt
     Sensenbrenner
     Sessions
     Shadegg
     Shuler
     Shuster
     Space
     Sullivan
     Tanner
     Taylor
     Walberg
     Wamp
     Westmoreland
     Wilson (SC)

                               NOES--335

     Abercrombie
     Ackerman
     Aderholt
     Alexander
     Allen
     Altmire
     Andrews
     Arcuri
     Baca
     Baird
     Baker
     Baldwin
     Bartlett (MD)
     Barton (TX)
     Becerra
     Berkley
     Berman
     Berry
     Bilbray
     Bilirakis
     Bishop (GA)
     Bishop (NY)
     Bishop (UT)
     Blumenauer
     Blunt
     Bonner
     Bono
     Boozman
     Boren
     Boswell
     Boucher
     Boustany
     Boyd (FL)
     Boyda (KS)
     Brady (PA)
     Brady (TX)
     Braley (IA)
     Buchanan
     Burgess
     Butterfield
     Camp (MI)
     Capito
     Capps
     Capuano
     Cardoza
     Carnahan
     Carney
     Carson
     Carter
     Castle
     Castor
     Chandler
     Christensen
     Clarke
     Clay
     Cleaver
     Clyburn
     Cohen
     Conaway
     Conyers
     Cooper
     Costa
     Costello
     Courtney
     Cramer
     Crenshaw
     Crowley
     Cubin
     Cuellar
     Cummings
     Davis (AL)
     Davis (CA)
     Davis (IL)
     Davis, Tom
     DeFazio
     DeGette
     Delahunt
     DeLauro
     Dent
     Diaz-Balart, L.
     Diaz-Balart, M.
     Dicks
     Dingell
     Doggett
     Doolittle
     Doyle
     Edwards
     Ehlers
     Ellison
     Emanuel
     Emerson
     Engel
     English (PA)
     Eshoo
     Etheridge
     Everett
     Farr
     Fattah
     Ferguson
     Filner
     Forbes
     Fortenberry
     Fortuno
     Frank (MA)
     Frelinghuysen
     Gerlach
     Giffords
     Gilchrest
     Gillibrand
     Gillmor
     Gonzalez
     Goodlatte
     Gordon
     Graves
     Green, Al
     Green, Gene
     Grijalva
     Gutierrez
     Hall (NY)
     Hare
     Harman
     Hastert
     Hastings (FL)
     Hastings (WA)
     Hayes
     Herger
     Herseth Sandlin
     Higgins
     Hill
     Hinchey
     Hinojosa
     Hirono
     Hobson
     Hodes
     Hoekstra
     Holden
     Holt
     Honda
     Hooley
     Hoyer
     Hulshof
     Hunter
     Inslee
     Israel
     Jackson (IL)
     Jackson-Lee (TX)
     Jefferson
     Jindal
     Johnson (GA)
     Johnson (IL)
     Johnson, E. B.
     Jones (NC)
     Jones (OH)
     Kagen
     Kanjorski
     Kaptur
     Kennedy
     Kildee
     Kilpatrick
     Kind
     King (NY)
     Kirk
     Klein (FL)
     Knollenberg
     Kucinich
     Kuhl (NY)
     LaHood
     Lampson
     Langevin
     Lantos
     Larsen (WA)
     Larson (CT)
     Latham
     LaTourette
     Lee
     Levin
     Lewis (CA)
     Lewis (GA)
     Lipinski
     LoBiondo
     Loebsack
     Lofgren, Zoe
     Lowey
     Lucas
     Lungren, Daniel E.
     Lynch
     Mahoney (FL)
     Maloney (NY)
     Markey
     Matsui
     McCarthy (CA)
     McCarthy (NY)
     McCollum (MN)
     McCotter
     McCrery
     McDermott
     McGovern
     McHugh
     McIntyre
     McKeon
     McMorris Rodgers
     McNerney
     McNulty
     Meek (FL)
     Meeks (NY)
     Melancon
     Michaud
     Miller (NC)
     Miller, George
     Mitchell
     Mollohan
     Moore (KS)
     Moore (WI)
     Moran (KS)
     Moran (VA)
     Murphy (CT)
     Murphy, Patrick
     Murphy, Tim
     Murtha
     Musgrave
     Nadler
     Napolitano
     Neal (MA)
     Neugebauer
     Norton
     Nunes
     Oberstar
     Obey
     Olver
     Ortiz
     Pallone
     Pascrell
     Pastor
     Payne
     Pearce
     Perlmutter
     Peterson (MN)
     Peterson (PA)
     Pickering
     Pitts
     Platts
     Pomeroy
     Porter
     Price (NC)
     Pryce (OH)
     Rahall
     Ramstad
     Rangel
     Regula
     Rehberg
     Reichert
     Renzi
     Reyes
     Reynolds
     Rodriguez
     Rogers (KY)
     Rogers (MI)
     Ros-Lehtinen
     Ross
     Rothman
     Roybal-Allard
     Ruppersberger
     Rush
     Ryan (OH)
     Salazar
     Sanchez, Linda T.
     Sanchez, Loretta
     Sarbanes
     Saxton
     Schakowsky
     Schiff
     Schwartz
     Scott (GA)
     Scott (VA)
     Serrano
     Sestak
     Shays
     Shea-Porter
     Sherman
     Shimkus
     Simpson

[[Page H8094]]


     Sires
     Skelton
     Slaughter
     Smith (NE)
     Smith (NJ)
     Smith (TX)
     Smith (WA)
     Snyder
     Solis
     Souder
     Spratt
     Stearns
     Stupak
     Sutton
     Tauscher
     Terry
     Thompson (CA)
     Thompson (MS)
     Thornberry
     Tiahrt
     Tiberi
     Tierney
     Towns
     Turner
     Udall (CO)
     Udall (NM)
     Upton
     Van Hollen
     Velazquez
     Visclosky
     Walden (OR)
     Walsh (NY)
     Walz (MN)
     Wasserman Schultz
     Waters
     Watson
     Watt
     Waxman
     Weiner
     Welch (VT)
     Weldon (FL)
     Weller
     Wexler
     Whitfield
     Wicker
     Wilson (NM)
     Wilson (OH)
     Wolf
     Woolsey
     Wu
     Wynn
     Yarmuth
     Young (AK)
     Young (FL)

                             NOT VOTING--6

     Bordallo
     Brown, Corrine
     Davis, Jo Ann
     Faleomavaega
     Stark
     Tancredo


                      Announcement by the Chairman

  The CHAIRMAN (during the vote). Members are advised there is 1 minute 
left on the vote.

                              {time}  2119

  So the amendment was rejected.
  The result of the vote was announced as above recorded.


            Amendment No. 65 Offered by Mr. Price of Georgia

  The CHAIRMAN. The unfinished business is the demand for a recorded 
vote on the amendment offered by the gentleman from Georgia (Mr. Price) 
on which further proceedings were postponed and on which the noes 
prevailed by voice vote.
  The Clerk will redesignate the amendment.
  The Clerk redesignated the amendment.


                             Recorded Vote

  The CHAIRMAN. A recorded vote has been demanded.
  A recorded vote was ordered.
  The CHAIRMAN. This will be a 2-minute vote.
  The vote was taken by electronic device, and there were--ayes 79, 
noes 349, not voting 8, as follows:

                             [Roll No. 660]

                                AYES--79

     Akin
     Bachmann
     Bachus
     Barrett (SC)
     Bartlett (MD)
     Barton (TX)
     Blackburn
     Blunt
     Boehner
     Brady (TX)
     Brown (SC)
     Brown-Waite, Ginny
     Burton (IN)
     Campbell (CA)
     Cannon
     Cantor
     Carter
     Chabot
     Coble
     Culberson
     Davis, David
     Deal (GA)
     Duncan
     Feeney
     Flake
     Fossella
     Foxx
     Franks (AZ)
     Garrett (NJ)
     Goode
     Granger
     Heller
     Hensarling
     Inglis (SC)
     Issa
     Johnson, Sam
     Jordan
     Keller
     King (IA)
     Kingston
     Kline (MN)
     Lamborn
     Linder
     Lungren, Daniel E.
     Mack
     Manzullo
     Marchant
     McHenry
     Mica
     Miller (FL)
     Musgrave
     Myrick
     Neugebauer
     Nunes
     Paul
     Pence
     Petri
     Pitts
     Poe
     Price (GA)
     Putnam
     Radanovich
     Rohrabacher
     Royce
     Ryan (WI)
     Sali
     Schmidt
     Sensenbrenner
     Sessions
     Shadegg
     Shimkus
     Shuster
     Souder
     Stearns
     Terry
     Thornberry
     Wamp
     Westmoreland
     Wilson (SC)

                               NOES--349

     Abercrombie
     Ackerman
     Aderholt
     Alexander
     Allen
     Altmire
     Andrews
     Arcuri
     Baca
     Baird
     Baker
     Baldwin
     Barrow
     Bean
     Becerra
     Berkley
     Berman
     Berry
     Biggert
     Bilbray
     Bilirakis
     Bishop (GA)
     Bishop (NY)
     Bishop (UT)
     Blumenauer
     Bonner
     Bono
     Boozman
     Boren
     Boswell
     Boucher
     Boustany
     Boyd (FL)
     Boyda (KS)
     Brady (PA)
     Braley (IA)
     Buchanan
     Burgess
     Butterfield
     Buyer
     Calvert
     Camp (MI)
     Capito
     Capps
     Capuano
     Cardoza
     Carnahan
     Carney
     Carson
     Castle
     Castor
     Chandler
     Christensen
     Clarke
     Clay
     Cleaver
     Clyburn
     Cohen
     Cole (OK)
     Conaway
     Conyers
     Cooper
     Costa
     Costello
     Courtney
     Cramer
     Crenshaw
     Crowley
     Cubin
     Cuellar
     Cummings
     Davis (AL)
     Davis (CA)
     Davis (IL)
     Davis (KY)
     Davis, Lincoln
     Davis, Tom
     DeFazio
     DeGette
     Delahunt
     DeLauro
     Dent
     Diaz-Balart, L.
     Diaz-Balart, M.
     Dicks
     Dingell
     Doggett
     Donnelly
     Doolittle
     Doyle
     Drake
     Dreier
     Edwards
     Ehlers
     Ellison
     Ellsworth
     Emanuel
     Emerson
     Engel
     English (PA)
     Eshoo
     Etheridge
     Everett
     Fallin
     Farr
     Fattah
     Ferguson
     Filner
     Forbes
     Fortenberry
     Fortuno
     Frank (MA)
     Frelinghuysen
     Gallegly
     Gerlach
     Giffords
     Gilchrest
     Gillibrand
     Gillmor
     Gingrey
     Gohmert
     Gonzalez
     Goodlatte
     Gordon
     Graves
     Green, Al
     Green, Gene
     Grijalva
     Gutierrez
     Hall (NY)
     Hare
     Harman
     Hastert
     Hastings (FL)
     Hastings (WA)
     Hayes
     Herger
     Herseth Sandlin
     Higgins
     Hill
     Hinchey
     Hinojosa
     Hirono
     Hobson
     Hodes
     Hoekstra
     Holden
     Holt
     Honda
     Hooley
     Hoyer
     Hulshof
     Hunter
     Inslee
     Israel
     Jackson (IL)
     Jackson-Lee (TX)
     Jefferson
     Jindal
     Johnson (GA)
     Johnson (IL)
     Johnson, E. B.
     Jones (NC)
     Jones (OH)
     Kagen
     Kanjorski
     Kaptur
     Kennedy
     Kildee
     Kilpatrick
     Kind
     King (NY)
     Kirk
     Klein (FL)
     Knollenberg
     Kucinich
     Kuhl (NY)
     LaHood
     Lampson
     Langevin
     Lantos
     Larsen (WA)
     Larson (CT)
     Latham
     LaTourette
     Lee
     Levin
     Lewis (CA)
     Lewis (GA)
     Lewis (KY)
     Lipinski
     LoBiondo
     Loebsack
     Lofgren, Zoe
     Lowey
     Lucas
     Lynch
     Mahoney (FL)
     Maloney (NY)
     Markey
     Marshall
     Matheson
     Matsui
     McCarthy (CA)
     McCarthy (NY)
     McCaul (TX)
     McCollum (MN)
     McCotter
     McCrery
     McDermott
     McGovern
     McHugh
     McIntyre
     McKeon
     McMorris Rodgers
     McNerney
     McNulty
     Meek (FL)
     Meeks (NY)
     Melancon
     Michaud
     Miller (MI)
     Miller (NC)
     Miller, Gary
     Miller, George
     Mitchell
     Mollohan
     Moore (KS)
     Moore (WI)
     Moran (KS)
     Moran (VA)
     Murphy (CT)
     Murphy, Patrick
     Murphy, Tim
     Murtha
     Nadler
     Napolitano
     Neal (MA)
     Norton
     Oberstar
     Obey
     Olver
     Ortiz
     Pallone
     Pascrell
     Pastor
     Payne
     Pearce
     Perlmutter
     Peterson (MN)
     Peterson (PA)
     Pickering
     Platts
     Pomeroy
     Porter
     Price (NC)
     Pryce (OH)
     Rahall
     Ramstad
     Rangel
     Regula
     Rehberg
     Reichert
     Renzi
     Reyes
     Reynolds
     Rodriguez
     Rogers (AL)
     Rogers (KY)
     Rogers (MI)
     Ros-Lehtinen
     Roskam
     Ross
     Rothman
     Roybal-Allard
     Ruppersberger
     Rush
     Ryan (OH)
     Salazar
     Sanchez, Linda T.
     Sanchez, Loretta
     Sarbanes
     Saxton
     Schakowsky
     Schiff
     Schwartz
     Scott (GA)
     Scott (VA)
     Serrano
     Sestak
     Shays
     Shea-Porter
     Sherman
     Shuler
     Simpson
     Sires
     Skelton
     Slaughter
     Smith (NE)
     Smith (NJ)
     Smith (TX)
     Smith (WA)
     Snyder
     Solis
     Space
     Spratt
     Stupak
     Sutton
     Tanner
     Tauscher
     Taylor
     Thompson (CA)
     Thompson (MS)
     Tiahrt
     Tiberi
     Tierney
     Towns
     Turner
     Udall (CO)
     Udall (NM)
     Upton
     Van Hollen
     Velazquez
     Visclosky
     Walberg
     Walden (OR)
     Walsh (NY)
     Walz (MN)
     Wasserman Schultz
     Waters
     Watson
     Watt
     Waxman
     Weiner
     Welch (VT)
     Weldon (FL)
     Weller
     Wexler
     Whitfield
     Wicker
     Wilson (NM)
     Wilson (OH)
     Wolf
     Woolsey
     Wu
     Wynn
     Yarmuth
     Young (AK)
     Young (FL)

                             NOT VOTING--8

     Bordallo
     Brown, Corrine
     Davis, Jo Ann
     Faleomavaega
     Hall (TX)
     Stark
     Sullivan
     Tancredo


                      Announcement by the Chairman

  The CHAIRMAN (during the vote). Members are advised there is 1 minute 
remaining in this vote.

                              {time}  2123

  Ms. PRYCE of Ohio changed her vote from ``aye'' to ``no.''
  So the amendment was rejected.
  The result of the vote was announced as above recorded.


                Amendment No. 55 Offered by Mr. Shadegg

  The CHAIRMAN. The unfinished business is the demand for a recorded 
vote on the amendment offered by the gentleman from Arizona (Mr. 
Shadegg) on which further proceedings were postponed and on which the 
noes prevailed by voice vote.
  The Clerk will redesignate the amendment.
  The Clerk redesignated the amendment.


                             Recorded Vote

  The CHAIRMAN. A recorded vote has been demanded.
  A recorded vote was ordered.
  The CHAIRMAN. This will be a 2-minute vote.
  The vote was taken by electronic device, and there were--ayes 96, 
noes 334, not voting 6, as follows:

                             [Roll No. 661]

                                AYES--96

     Akin
     Bachmann
     Bachus
     Barrett (SC)
     Bartlett (MD)
     Barton (TX)
     Bilbray
     Bilirakis
     Blackburn
     Blunt
     Boehner
     Brady (TX)
     Brown-Waite, Ginny
     Burgess
     Burton (IN)
     Buyer
     Calvert
     Campbell (CA)
     Cannon
     Cantor
     Carter
     Chabot
     Coble
     Conaway
     Cubin
     Culberson
     Davis, David
     Deal (GA)
     Doolittle
     Dreier
     Duncan
     Feeney
     Flake
     Fossella
     Foxx
     Franks (AZ)
     Gallegly
     Garrett (NJ)
     Gingrey
     Goode
     Goodlatte
     Hastert
     Hastings (WA)
     Hayes
     Hensarling
     Herger
     Hunter
     Inglis (SC)
     Johnson, Sam
     Jones (NC)
     Jordan
     Keller
     King (IA)
     Kingston
     Kline (MN)
     Lamborn
     Lewis (KY)
     Linder
     Lungren, Daniel E.
     Mack
     Manzullo
     Marchant
     McHenry
     Mica
     Miller (FL)
     Miller, Gary
     Musgrave
     Myrick
     Neugebauer
     Paul
     Pence
     Petri
     Pitts
     Poe
     Price (GA)
     Radanovich
     Rogers (AL)
     Rohrabacher
     Royce
     Ryan (WI)
     Sali
     Sensenbrenner
     Sessions
     Shadegg
     Shimkus
     Shuster
     Smith (NE)
     Stearns
     Sullivan
     Thornberry
     Tiahrt
     Walberg
     Wamp
     Westmoreland
     Wilson (SC)
     Young (FL)

[[Page H8095]]



                               NOES--334

     Abercrombie
     Ackerman
     Aderholt
     Alexander
     Allen
     Altmire
     Andrews
     Arcuri
     Baca
     Baird
     Baker
     Baldwin
     Barrow
     Bean
     Becerra
     Berkley
     Berman
     Berry
     Biggert
     Bishop (GA)
     Bishop (NY)
     Bishop (UT)
     Blumenauer
     Bonner
     Bono
     Boozman
     Boren
     Boswell
     Boucher
     Boustany
     Boyd (FL)
     Boyda (KS)
     Brady (PA)
     Braley (IA)
     Brown (SC)
     Buchanan
     Butterfield
     Camp (MI)
     Capito
     Capps
     Capuano
     Cardoza
     Carnahan
     Carney
     Carson
     Castle
     Castor
     Chandler
     Christensen
     Clarke
     Clay
     Cleaver
     Clyburn
     Cohen
     Cole (OK)
     Conyers
     Cooper
     Costa
     Costello
     Courtney
     Cramer
     Crenshaw
     Crowley
     Cuellar
     Cummings
     Davis (AL)
     Davis (CA)
     Davis (IL)
     Davis (KY)
     Davis, Lincoln
     Davis, Tom
     DeFazio
     DeGette
     Delahunt
     DeLauro
     Dent
     Diaz-Balart, L.
     Diaz-Balart, M.
     Dicks
     Dingell
     Doggett
     Donnelly
     Doyle
     Drake
     Edwards
     Ehlers
     Ellison
     Ellsworth
     Emanuel
     Emerson
     Engel
     English (PA)
     Eshoo
     Etheridge
     Everett
     Fallin
     Farr
     Fattah
     Ferguson
     Filner
     Forbes
     Fortenberry
     Fortuno
     Frank (MA)
     Frelinghuysen
     Gerlach
     Giffords
     Gilchrest
     Gillibrand
     Gillmor
     Gohmert
     Gonzalez
     Gordon
     Granger
     Graves
     Green, Al
     Green, Gene
     Grijalva
     Gutierrez
     Hall (NY)
     Hall (TX)
     Hare
     Harman
     Hastings (FL)
     Heller
     Herseth Sandlin
     Higgins
     Hill
     Hinchey
     Hinojosa
     Hirono
     Hobson
     Hodes
     Hoekstra
     Holden
     Holt
     Honda
     Hooley
     Hoyer
     Hulshof
     Inslee
     Israel
     Issa
     Jackson (IL)
     Jackson-Lee (TX)
     Jefferson
     Jindal
     Johnson (GA)
     Johnson (IL)
     Johnson, E. B.
     Jones (OH)
     Kagen
     Kanjorski
     Kaptur
     Kennedy
     Kildee
     Kilpatrick
     Kind
     King (NY)
     Kirk
     Klein (FL)
     Knollenberg
     Kucinich
     Kuhl (NY)
     LaHood
     Lampson
     Langevin
     Lantos
     Larsen (WA)
     Larson (CT)
     Latham
     LaTourette
     Lee
     Levin
     Lewis (CA)
     Lewis (GA)
     Lipinski
     LoBiondo
     Loebsack
     Lofgren, Zoe
     Lowey
     Lucas
     Lynch
     Mahoney (FL)
     Maloney (NY)
     Markey
     Marshall
     Matheson
     Matsui
     McCarthy (CA)
     McCarthy (NY)
     McCaul (TX)
     McCollum (MN)
     McCotter
     McCrery
     McDermott
     McGovern
     McHugh
     McIntyre
     McKeon
     McMorris Rodgers
     McNerney
     McNulty
     Meek (FL)
     Meeks (NY)
     Melancon
     Michaud
     Miller (MI)
     Miller (NC)
     Miller, George
     Mitchell
     Mollohan
     Moore (KS)
     Moore (WI)
     Moran (KS)
     Moran (VA)
     Murphy (CT)
     Murphy, Patrick
     Murphy, Tim
     Murtha
     Nadler
     Napolitano
     Neal (MA)
     Norton
     Nunes
     Oberstar
     Obey
     Olver
     Ortiz
     Pallone
     Pascrell
     Pastor
     Payne
     Pearce
     Perlmutter
     Peterson (MN)
     Peterson (PA)
     Pickering
     Platts
     Pomeroy
     Porter
     Price (NC)
     Pryce (OH)
     Putnam
     Rahall
     Ramstad
     Rangel
     Regula
     Rehberg
     Reichert
     Renzi
     Reyes
     Reynolds
     Rodriguez
     Rogers (KY)
     Rogers (MI)
     Ros-Lehtinen
     Roskam
     Ross
     Rothman
     Roybal-Allard
     Ruppersberger
     Rush
     Ryan (OH)
     Salazar
     Sanchez, Linda T.
     Sanchez, Loretta
     Sarbanes
     Saxton
     Schakowsky
     Schiff
     Schmidt
     Schwartz
     Scott (GA)
     Scott (VA)
     Serrano
     Sestak
     Shays
     Shea-Porter
     Sherman
     Shuler
     Simpson
     Sires
     Skelton
     Slaughter
     Smith (NJ)
     Smith (TX)
     Smith (WA)
     Snyder
     Solis
     Souder
     Space
     Spratt
     Stupak
     Sutton
     Tanner
     Tauscher
     Taylor
     Terry
     Thompson (CA)
     Thompson (MS)
     Tiberi
     Tierney
     Towns
     Turner
     Udall (CO)
     Udall (NM)
     Upton
     Van Hollen
     Velazquez
     Visclosky
     Walden (OR)
     Walsh (NY)
     Walz (MN)
     Wasserman Schultz
     Waters
     Watson
     Watt
     Waxman
     Weiner
     Welch (VT)
     Weldon (FL)
     Weller
     Wexler
     Whitfield
     Wicker
     Wilson (NM)
     Wilson (OH)
     Wolf
     Woolsey
     Wu
     Wynn
     Yarmuth
     Young (AK)

                             NOT VOTING--6

     Bordallo
     Brown, Corrine
     Davis, Jo Ann
     Faleomavaega
     Stark
     Tancredo


                      Announcement by the Chairman

  The CHAIRMAN (during the vote). Members are advised 1 minute remains 
on this vote.

                              {time}  2128

  So the amendment was rejected.
  The result of the vote was announced as above recorded.


                Amendment No. 56 Offered by Mr. Lamborn

  The CHAIRMAN. The unfinished business is the demand for a recorded 
vote on the amendment offered by the gentleman from Colorado (Mr. 
Lamborn) on which further proceedings were postponed and on which the 
noes prevailed by voice vote.
  The Clerk will redesignate the amendment.
  The Clerk redesignated the amendment.


                             Recorded Vote

  The CHAIRMAN. A recorded vote has been demanded.
  A recorded vote was ordered.
  The CHAIRMAN. This will be a 2-minute vote.
  The vote was taken by electronic device, and there were--ayes 72, 
noes 357, not voting 7, as follows:

                             [Roll No. 662]

                                AYES--72

     Akin
     Bachmann
     Barrett (SC)
     Bartlett (MD)
     Bishop (UT)
     Blackburn
     Boehner
     Brady (TX)
     Buyer
     Campbell (CA)
     Cannon
     Cantor
     Carter
     Chabot
     Conaway
     Culberson
     Davis, David
     Deal (GA)
     Doolittle
     Dreier
     Feeney
     Flake
     Forbes
     Foxx
     Franks (AZ)
     Garrett (NJ)
     Gingrey
     Gohmert
     Goode
     Goodlatte
     Hastert
     Hastings (WA)
     Hensarling
     Herger
     Johnson, Sam
     Jordan
     Keller
     King (IA)
     Kingston
     Lamborn
     Linder
     Lungren, Daniel E.
     Mack
     Manzullo
     Marchant
     McHenry
     McKeon
     Mica
     Miller (FL)
     Miller, Gary
     Musgrave
     Myrick
     Neugebauer
     Paul
     Pence
     Pitts
     Poe
     Price (GA)
     Radanovich
     Rohrabacher
     Roskam
     Royce
     Ryan (WI)
     Sali
     Sensenbrenner
     Sessions
     Shadegg
     Thornberry
     Tiahrt
     Weldon (FL)
     Westmoreland
     Wilson (SC)

                               NOES--357

     Abercrombie
     Ackerman
     Aderholt
     Alexander
     Allen
     Altmire
     Andrews
     Arcuri
     Baca
     Bachus
     Baird
     Baker
     Baldwin
     Barrow
     Barton (TX)
     Bean
     Becerra
     Berkley
     Berman
     Berry
     Biggert
     Bilbray
     Bilirakis
     Bishop (GA)
     Bishop (NY)
     Blumenauer
     Blunt
     Bonner
     Bono
     Boozman
     Boren
     Boswell
     Boucher
     Boustany
     Boyd (FL)
     Boyda (KS)
     Brady (PA)
     Braley (IA)
     Brown (SC)
     Brown-Waite, Ginny
     Buchanan
     Burgess
     Burton (IN)
     Butterfield
     Calvert
     Camp (MI)
     Capito
     Capps
     Capuano
     Cardoza
     Carnahan
     Carney
     Carson
     Castle
     Castor
     Chandler
     Christensen
     Clarke
     Clay
     Cleaver
     Clyburn
     Coble
     Cohen
     Cole (OK)
     Conyers
     Cooper
     Costa
     Costello
     Courtney
     Cramer
     Crenshaw
     Crowley
     Cubin
     Cuellar
     Cummings
     Davis (AL)
     Davis (CA)
     Davis (IL)
     Davis (KY)
     Davis, Lincoln
     Davis, Tom
     DeFazio
     DeGette
     Delahunt
     DeLauro
     Dent
     Diaz-Balart, L.
     Diaz-Balart, M.
     Dicks
     Dingell
     Doggett
     Donnelly
     Doyle
     Drake
     Duncan
     Edwards
     Ehlers
     Ellison
     Ellsworth
     Emanuel
     Emerson
     Engel
     English (PA)
     Eshoo
     Etheridge
     Everett
     Fallin
     Farr
     Fattah
     Ferguson
     Filner
     Fortenberry
     Fortuno
     Fossella
     Frank (MA)
     Frelinghuysen
     Gallegly
     Gerlach
     Giffords
     Gilchrest
     Gillibrand
     Gillmor
     Gonzalez
     Gordon
     Granger
     Graves
     Green, Al
     Green, Gene
     Grijalva
     Gutierrez
     Hall (NY)
     Hall (TX)
     Hare
     Harman
     Hastings (FL)
     Hayes
     Heller
     Herseth Sandlin
     Higgins
     Hill
     Hinchey
     Hinojosa
     Hirono
     Hobson
     Hodes
     Hoekstra
     Holden
     Holt
     Honda
     Hooley
     Hoyer
     Hulshof
     Hunter
     Inglis (SC)
     Inslee
     Israel
     Issa
     Jackson (IL)
     Jackson-Lee (TX)
     Jefferson
     Jindal
     Johnson (GA)
     Johnson (IL)
     Johnson, E. B.
     Jones (NC)
     Jones (OH)
     Kagen
     Kanjorski
     Kaptur
     Kennedy
     Kildee
     Kilpatrick
     Kind
     King (NY)
     Kirk
     Klein (FL)
     Kline (MN)
     Knollenberg
     Kucinich
     Kuhl (NY)
     LaHood
     Lampson
     Langevin
     Lantos
     Larsen (WA)
     Larson (CT)
     Latham
     LaTourette
     Lee
     Levin
     Lewis (CA)
     Lewis (GA)
     Lewis (KY)
     Lipinski
     LoBiondo
     Loebsack
     Lofgren, Zoe
     Lowey
     Lucas
     Lynch
     Mahoney (FL)
     Maloney (NY)
     Markey
     Marshall
     Matheson
     Matsui
     McCarthy (CA)
     McCarthy (NY)
     McCaul (TX)
     McCollum (MN)
     McCotter
     McCrery
     McDermott
     McGovern
     McHugh
     McIntyre
     McMorris Rodgers
     McNerney
     McNulty
     Meek (FL)
     Meeks (NY)
     Melancon
     Michaud
     Miller (MI)
     Miller (NC)
     Miller, George
     Mitchell
     Mollohan
     Moore (KS)
     Moore (WI)
     Moran (KS)
     Moran (VA)
     Murphy (CT)
     Murphy, Patrick
     Murphy, Tim
     Murtha
     Nadler
     Napolitano
     Neal (MA)
     Norton
     Nunes
     Oberstar
     Obey
     Olver
     Ortiz
     Pallone
     Pascrell
     Pastor
     Payne
     Pearce
     Perlmutter
     Peterson (MN)
     Peterson (PA)
     Petri
     Platts
     Pomeroy
     Porter
     Price (NC)
     Pryce (OH)
     Putnam
     Rahall
     Ramstad
     Rangel
     Regula
     Rehberg
     Reichert
     Renzi
     Reyes
     Reynolds
     Rodriguez
     Rogers (AL)
     Rogers (KY)
     Rogers (MI)
     Ros-Lehtinen
     Ross
     Rothman
     Roybal-Allard
     Ruppersberger
     Rush
     Ryan (OH)
     Salazar
     Sanchez, Linda T.
     Sanchez, Loretta
     Sarbanes
     Saxton
     Schakowsky
     Schiff
     Schmidt
     Schwartz
     Scott (GA)
     Scott (VA)
     Serrano
     Sestak
     Shays
     Shea-Porter
     Sherman
     Shimkus
     Shuler
     Shuster
     Simpson
     Sires
     Skelton
     Slaughter
     Smith (NE)
     Smith (NJ)
     Smith (TX)
     Smith (WA)
     Snyder
     Solis
     Souder
     Space
     Spratt
     Stearns
     Stupak
     Sullivan
     Sutton
     Tanner
     Tauscher
     Taylor
     Terry
     Thompson (CA)
     Thompson (MS)
     Tiberi

[[Page H8096]]


     Tierney
     Towns
     Turner
     Udall (CO)
     Udall (NM)
     Upton
     Van Hollen
     Velazquez
     Visclosky
     Walberg
     Walden (OR)
     Walsh (NY)
     Walz (MN)
     Wamp
     Wasserman Schultz
     Waters
     Watson
     Watt
     Waxman
     Weiner
     Welch (VT)
     Weller
     Wexler
     Whitfield
     Wicker
     Wilson (NM)
     Wilson (OH)
     Wolf
     Woolsey
     Wu
     Wynn
     Yarmuth
     Young (AK)
     Young (FL)

                             NOT VOTING--7

     Bordallo
     Brown, Corrine
     Davis, Jo Ann
     Faleomavaega
     Pickering
     Stark
     Tancredo


                      Announcement by the Chairman

  The CHAIRMAN (during the vote). Members are advised there is 1 minute 
remaining in this vote.

                              {time}  2132

  Mr. STUPAK changed his vote from ``aye'' to ``no.''
  So the amendment was rejected.
  The result of the vote was announced as above recorded.


                     Amendment Offered by Mr. Obey

  The CHAIRMAN. The unfinished business is the demand for a recorded 
vote on the amendment offered by the gentleman from Wisconsin (Mr. 
Obey) on which further proceedings were postponed and on which the noes 
prevailed by voice vote.
  The Clerk will redesignate the amendment.
  The Clerk redesignated the amendment.


                             Recorded Vote

  The CHAIRMAN. A recorded vote has been demanded.
  A recorded vote was ordered.
  The CHAIRMAN. This will be a 2-minute vote.
  The vote was taken by electronic device, and there were--ayes 53, 
noes 369, answered ``present'' 8, not voting 6, as follows:

                             [Roll No. 663]

                                AYES--53

     Akin
     Bilbray
     Blackburn
     Blumenauer
     Burgess
     Campbell (CA)
     Cannon
     Chabot
     Conaway
     Cooper
     Costa
     Davis, David
     Deal (GA)
     DeFazio
     Delahunt
     Feeney
     Flake
     Fossella
     Franks (AZ)
     Gohmert
     Goode
     Heller
     Hensarling
     Inglis (SC)
     Issa
     Jindal
     Johnson, Sam
     Jordan
     Kline (MN)
     Lamborn
     Linder
     Mahoney (FL)
     Marchant
     Marshall
     Miller (FL)
     Musgrave
     Myrick
     Pence
     Pitts
     Price (GA)
     Radanovich
     Rogers (MI)
     Rohrabacher
     Royce
     Ryan (WI)
     Sensenbrenner
     Shadegg
     Shimkus
     Terry
     Thornberry
     Tiberi
     Westmoreland
     Wexler

                               NOES--369

     Abercrombie
     Ackerman
     Aderholt
     Alexander
     Allen
     Altmire
     Andrews
     Arcuri
     Baca
     Bachmann
     Bachus
     Baird
     Baker
     Baldwin
     Barrett (SC)
     Barrow
     Bartlett (MD)
     Barton (TX)
     Bean
     Becerra
     Berkley
     Berman
     Berry
     Biggert
     Bilirakis
     Bishop (GA)
     Bishop (NY)
     Bishop (UT)
     Blunt
     Bonner
     Bono
     Boozman
     Boren
     Boswell
     Boucher
     Boustany
     Boyd (FL)
     Boyda (KS)
     Brady (PA)
     Brady (TX)
     Braley (IA)
     Brown (SC)
     Brown-Waite, Ginny
     Buchanan
     Burton (IN)
     Butterfield
     Buyer
     Calvert
     Camp (MI)
     Cantor
     Capito
     Capps
     Capuano
     Cardoza
     Carnahan
     Carney
     Carson
     Carter
     Castle
     Castor
     Chandler
     Christensen
     Clarke
     Clay
     Cleaver
     Clyburn
     Coble
     Cohen
     Cole (OK)
     Conyers
     Costello
     Courtney
     Cramer
     Crenshaw
     Crowley
     Cubin
     Cuellar
     Culberson
     Cummings
     Davis (AL)
     Davis (CA)
     Davis (IL)
     Davis (KY)
     Davis, Lincoln
     Davis, Tom
     DeGette
     DeLauro
     Dent
     Diaz-Balart, L.
     Diaz-Balart, M.
     Dicks
     Dingell
     Doggett
     Donnelly
     Doolittle
     Doyle
     Drake
     Dreier
     Duncan
     Edwards
     Ehlers
     Ellison
     Ellsworth
     Emanuel
     Emerson
     Engel
     English (PA)
     Eshoo
     Etheridge
     Everett
     Fallin
     Farr
     Fattah
     Ferguson
     Filner
     Forbes
     Fortenberry
     Fortuno
     Frank (MA)
     Frelinghuysen
     Gallegly
     Gerlach
     Giffords
     Gilchrest
     Gillibrand
     Gillmor
     Gingrey
     Gonzalez
     Goodlatte
     Gordon
     Granger
     Graves
     Green, Al
     Green, Gene
     Grijalva
     Gutierrez
     Hall (NY)
     Hall (TX)
     Hare
     Harman
     Hastert
     Hastings (FL)
     Hastings (WA)
     Hayes
     Herger
     Herseth Sandlin
     Higgins
     Hill
     Hinchey
     Hinojosa
     Hirono
     Hobson
     Hodes
     Hoekstra
     Holden
     Holt
     Honda
     Hooley
     Hoyer
     Hulshof
     Hunter
     Inslee
     Israel
     Jackson (IL)
     Jackson-Lee (TX)
     Jefferson
     Johnson (GA)
     Johnson (IL)
     Johnson, E. B.
     Jones (NC)
     Jones (OH)
     Kagen
     Kanjorski
     Kaptur
     Keller
     Kennedy
     Kildee
     Kilpatrick
     Kind
     King (IA)
     King (NY)
     Kingston
     Kirk
     Klein (FL)
     Knollenberg
     Kucinich
     Kuhl (NY)
     LaHood
     Lampson
     Langevin
     Lantos
     Larsen (WA)
     Larson (CT)
     Latham
     LaTourette
     Lee
     Levin
     Lewis (GA)
     Lewis (KY)
     Lipinski
     LoBiondo
     Loebsack
     Lofgren, Zoe
     Lowey
     Lucas
     Lungren, Daniel E.
     Lynch
     Mack
     Maloney (NY)
     Manzullo
     Markey
     Matheson
     Matsui
     McCarthy (CA)
     McCarthy (NY)
     McCaul (TX)
     McCollum (MN)
     McCotter
     McCrery
     McDermott
     McGovern
     McHenry
     McHugh
     McIntyre
     McKeon
     McMorris Rodgers
     McNerney
     McNulty
     Meek (FL)
     Meeks (NY)
     Melancon
     Mica
     Michaud
     Miller (MI)
     Miller (NC)
     Miller, Gary
     Miller, George
     Mitchell
     Mollohan
     Moore (KS)
     Moore (WI)
     Moran (KS)
     Moran (VA)
     Murphy (CT)
     Murphy, Patrick
     Murphy, Tim
     Murtha
     Nadler
     Napolitano
     Neal (MA)
     Neugebauer
     Norton
     Nunes
     Oberstar
     Olver
     Ortiz
     Pallone
     Pascrell
     Pastor
     Paul
     Payne
     Pearce
     Perlmutter
     Peterson (MN)
     Peterson (PA)
     Petri
     Pickering
     Platts
     Poe
     Pomeroy
     Porter
     Price (NC)
     Pryce (OH)
     Putnam
     Rahall
     Ramstad
     Rangel
     Regula
     Rehberg
     Reichert
     Renzi
     Reyes
     Reynolds
     Rodriguez
     Rogers (AL)
     Rogers (KY)
     Ros-Lehtinen
     Roskam
     Ross
     Rothman
     Roybal-Allard
     Ruppersberger
     Rush
     Ryan (OH)
     Salazar
     Sali
     Sanchez, Linda T.
     Sanchez, Loretta
     Sarbanes
     Saxton
     Schakowsky
     Schiff
     Schmidt
     Schwartz
     Scott (GA)
     Scott (VA)
     Serrano
     Sestak
     Shays
     Shea-Porter
     Sherman
     Shuler
     Simpson
     Sires
     Skelton
     Slaughter
     Smith (NE)
     Smith (NJ)
     Smith (TX)
     Smith (WA)
     Snyder
     Solis
     Souder
     Space
     Spratt
     Stearns
     Stupak
     Sutton
     Tanner
     Tauscher
     Taylor
     Thompson (CA)
     Thompson (MS)
     Tiahrt
     Tierney
     Towns
     Turner
     Udall (CO)
     Udall (NM)
     Upton
     Van Hollen
     Velazquez
     Visclosky
     Walberg
     Walden (OR)
     Walsh (NY)
     Walz (MN)
     Wamp
     Wasserman Schultz
     Waters
     Watson
     Watt
     Waxman
     Weiner
     Welch (VT)
     Weldon (FL)
     Weller
     Whitfield
     Wicker
     Wilson (NM)
     Wilson (OH)
     Wilson (SC)
     Wolf
     Woolsey
     Wu
     Wynn
     Yarmuth
     Young (AK)
     Young (FL)

                        ANSWERED ``PRESENT''--8

     Boehner
     Foxx
     Garrett (NJ)
     Lewis (CA)
     Obey
     Sessions
     Shuster
     Sullivan

                             NOT VOTING--6

     Bordallo
     Brown, Corrine
     Davis, Jo Ann
     Faleomavaega
     Stark
     Tancredo


                      Announcement by the Chairman

  The CHAIRMAN (during the vote). Members are advised there is 1 minute 
remaining on this vote.

                              {time}  2136

  So the amendment was rejected.
  The result of the vote was announced as above recorded.


                 Amendment No. 19 Offered by Mr. Flake

  The CHAIRMAN. The unfinished business is the demand for a recorded 
vote on the amendment offered by the gentleman from Arizona (Mr. Flake) 
on which further proceedings were postponed and on which the noes 
prevailed by voice vote.
  The Clerk will redesignate the amendment.
  The Clerk redesignated the amendment.


                             Recorded Vote

  The CHAIRMAN. A recorded vote has been demanded.
  A recorded vote was ordered.
  The CHAIRMAN. This will be a 2-minute vote.
  The vote was taken by electronic device, and there were--ayes 89, 
noes 341, not voting 6, as follows:

                             [Roll No. 664]

                                AYES--89

     Akin
     Bachmann
     Barrett (SC)
     Barrow
     Barton (TX)
     Bilbray
     Bishop (UT)
     Blackburn
     Blunt
     Boehner
     Bonner
     Brady (TX)
     Burgess
     Burton (IN)
     Buyer
     Campbell (CA)
     Cannon
     Cantor
     Castle
     Chabot
     Coble
     Conaway
     Cooper
     Davis, David
     Deal (GA)
     Duncan
     Fallin
     Feeney
     Flake
     Fossella
     Franks (AZ)
     Garrett (NJ)
     Gingrey
     Gohmert
     Graves
     Heller
     Hensarling
     Herger
     Hoekstra
     Inglis (SC)
     Jindal
     Johnson, Sam
     Jordan
     Keller
     King (IA)
     Kingston
     Kline (MN)
     Lamborn
     Linder
     Lungren, Daniel E.
     Mack
     Marchant
     McCaul (TX)
     McHenry
     Mica
     Miller (FL)
     Musgrave
     Myrick
     Neugebauer
     Pearce
     Pence
     Petri
     Pitts
     Platts
     Poe
     Price (GA)
     Ramstad
     Rohrabacher
     Roskam
     Royce
     Ryan (WI)
     Sali
     Schmidt
     Sensenbrenner
     Sessions
     Shadegg
     Shimkus
     Shuster
     Smith (NE)
     Stearns
     Sullivan
     Terry
     Thornberry
     Tiberi
     Walberg
     Walden (OR)
     Weldon (FL)
     Westmoreland
     Wilson (SC)

                               NOES--341

     Abercrombie
     Ackerman
     Aderholt
     Alexander
     Allen
     Altmire
     Andrews
     Arcuri
     Baca
     Bachus
     Baird
     Baker

[[Page H8097]]


     Baldwin
     Bartlett (MD)
     Bean
     Becerra
     Berkley
     Berman
     Berry
     Biggert
     Bilirakis
     Bishop (GA)
     Bishop (NY)
     Blumenauer
     Bono
     Boozman
     Boren
     Boswell
     Boucher
     Boustany
     Boyd (FL)
     Boyda (KS)
     Brady (PA)
     Braley (IA)
     Brown (SC)
     Brown-Waite, Ginny
     Buchanan
     Butterfield
     Calvert
     Camp (MI)
     Capito
     Capps
     Capuano
     Cardoza
     Carnahan
     Carney
     Carson
     Carter
     Castor
     Chandler
     Christensen
     Clarke
     Clay
     Cleaver
     Clyburn
     Cohen
     Cole (OK)
     Conyers
     Costa
     Costello
     Courtney
     Cramer
     Crenshaw
     Crowley
     Cubin
     Cuellar
     Culberson
     Cummings
     Davis (AL)
     Davis (CA)
     Davis (IL)
     Davis (KY)
     Davis, Lincoln
     Davis, Tom
     DeFazio
     DeGette
     Delahunt
     DeLauro
     Dent
     Diaz-Balart, L.
     Diaz-Balart, M.
     Dicks
     Dingell
     Doggett
     Donnelly
     Doolittle
     Doyle
     Drake
     Dreier
     Edwards
     Ehlers
     Ellison
     Ellsworth
     Emanuel
     Emerson
     Engel
     English (PA)
     Eshoo
     Etheridge
     Everett
     Farr
     Fattah
     Ferguson
     Filner
     Forbes
     Fortenberry
     Fortuno
     Foxx
     Frank (MA)
     Frelinghuysen
     Gallegly
     Gerlach
     Giffords
     Gilchrest
     Gillibrand
     Gillmor
     Gonzalez
     Goode
     Goodlatte
     Gordon
     Granger
     Green, Al
     Green, Gene
     Grijalva
     Gutierrez
     Hall (NY)
     Hall (TX)
     Hare
     Harman
     Hastert
     Hastings (FL)
     Hastings (WA)
     Hayes
     Herseth Sandlin
     Higgins
     Hill
     Hinchey
     Hinojosa
     Hirono
     Hobson
     Hodes
     Holden
     Holt
     Honda
     Hooley
     Hoyer
     Hulshof
     Hunter
     Inslee
     Israel
     Issa
     Jackson (IL)
     Jackson-Lee (TX)
     Jefferson
     Johnson (GA)
     Johnson (IL)
     Johnson, E. B.
     Jones (NC)
     Jones (OH)
     Kagen
     Kanjorski
     Kaptur
     Kennedy
     Kildee
     Kilpatrick
     Kind
     King (NY)
     Kirk
     Klein (FL)
     Knollenberg
     Kucinich
     Kuhl (NY)
     LaHood
     Lampson
     Langevin
     Lantos
     Larsen (WA)
     Larson (CT)
     Latham
     LaTourette
     Lee
     Levin
     Lewis (CA)
     Lewis (GA)
     Lewis (KY)
     Lipinski
     LoBiondo
     Loebsack
     Lofgren, Zoe
     Lowey
     Lucas
     Lynch
     Mahoney (FL)
     Maloney (NY)
     Manzullo
     Markey
     Marshall
     Matheson
     Matsui
     McCarthy (CA)
     McCarthy (NY)
     McCollum (MN)
     McCotter
     McCrery
     McDermott
     McGovern
     McHugh
     McIntyre
     McKeon
     McMorris Rodgers
     McNerney
     McNulty
     Meek (FL)
     Meeks (NY)
     Melancon
     Michaud
     Miller (MI)
     Miller (NC)
     Miller, Gary
     Miller, George
     Mitchell
     Mollohan
     Moore (KS)
     Moore (WI)
     Moran (KS)
     Moran (VA)
     Murphy (CT)
     Murphy, Patrick
     Murphy, Tim
     Murtha
     Nadler
     Napolitano
     Neal (MA)
     Norton
     Nunes
     Oberstar
     Obey
     Olver
     Ortiz
     Pallone
     Pascrell
     Pastor
     Paul
     Payne
     Perlmutter
     Peterson (MN)
     Peterson (PA)
     Pickering
     Pomeroy
     Porter
     Price (NC)
     Pryce (OH)
     Putnam
     Radanovich
     Rahall
     Rangel
     Regula
     Rehberg
     Reichert
     Renzi
     Reyes
     Reynolds
     Rodriguez
     Rogers (AL)
     Rogers (KY)
     Rogers (MI)
     Ros-Lehtinen
     Ross
     Rothman
     Roybal-Allard
     Ruppersberger
     Rush
     Ryan (OH)
     Salazar
     Sanchez, Linda T.
     Sanchez, Loretta
     Sarbanes
     Saxton
     Schakowsky
     Schiff
     Schwartz
     Scott (GA)
     Scott (VA)
     Serrano
     Sestak
     Shays
     Shea-Porter
     Sherman
     Shuler
     Simpson
     Sires
     Skelton
     Slaughter
     Smith (NJ)
     Smith (TX)
     Smith (WA)
     Snyder
     Solis
     Souder
     Space
     Spratt
     Stupak
     Sutton
     Tanner
     Tauscher
     Taylor
     Thompson (CA)
     Thompson (MS)
     Tiahrt
     Tierney
     Towns
     Turner
     Udall (CO)
     Udall (NM)
     Upton
     Van Hollen
     Velazquez
     Visclosky
     Walsh (NY)
     Walz (MN)
     Wamp
     Wasserman Schultz
     Waters
     Watson
     Watt
     Waxman
     Weiner
     Welch (VT)
     Weller
     Wexler
     Whitfield
     Wicker
     Wilson (NM)
     Wilson (OH)
     Wolf
     Woolsey
     Wu
     Wynn
     Yarmuth
     Young (AK)
     Young (FL)

                             NOT VOTING--6

     Bordallo
     Brown, Corrine
     Davis, Jo Ann
     Faleomavaega
     Stark
     Tancredo


                      Announcement by the Chairman

  The CHAIRMAN (during the vote). Members are advised there is 1 minute 
remaining on this vote.

                              {time}  2140

  Mrs. SCHMIDT changed her vote from ``no'' to ``aye.''
  So the amendment was rejected.
  The result of the vote was announced as above recorded.


                    Amendment Offered by Mr. Dingell

  The CHAIRMAN. The unfinished business is the demand for a recorded 
vote on the amendment offered by the gentleman from Michigan (Mr. 
Dingell) on which further proceedings were postponed and on which the 
ayes prevailed by voice vote.
  The Clerk will redesignate the amendment.
  The Clerk redesignated the amendment.


                             Recorded Vote

  The CHAIRMAN. A recorded vote has been demanded.
  A recorded vote was ordered.
  The CHAIRMAN. This will be a 2-minute vote.
  The vote was taken by electronic device, and there were--ayes 231, 
noes 199, not voting 6, as follows:

                             [Roll No. 665]

                               AYES--231

     Abercrombie
     Ackerman
     Allen
     Andrews
     Arcuri
     Baca
     Baird
     Baldwin
     Barrow
     Bean
     Becerra
     Berkley
     Berman
     Berry
     Bishop (GA)
     Bishop (NY)
     Blumenauer
     Boren
     Boswell
     Boucher
     Brady (PA)
     Braley (IA)
     Butterfield
     Capps
     Capuano
     Cardoza
     Carnahan
     Carney
     Carson
     Castor
     Chandler
     Christensen
     Clarke
     Clay
     Cleaver
     Clyburn
     Cohen
     Conyers
     Cooper
     Costa
     Costello
     Courtney
     Cramer
     Crowley
     Cuellar
     Cummings
     Davis (AL)
     Davis (CA)
     Davis (IL)
     Davis, Lincoln
     DeFazio
     DeGette
     Delahunt
     DeLauro
     Dicks
     Dingell
     Doggett
     Donnelly
     Doyle
     Edwards
     Ellison
     Ellsworth
     Emanuel
     Engel
     Eshoo
     Etheridge
     Farr
     Fattah
     Filner
     Frank (MA)
     Giffords
     Gilchrest
     Gillibrand
     Gonzalez
     Gordon
     Green, Al
     Green, Gene
     Grijalva
     Gutierrez
     Hall (NY)
     Hare
     Harman
     Hastings (FL)
     Herseth Sandlin
     Higgins
     Hill
     Hinchey
     Hinojosa
     Hirono
     Hodes
     Holden
     Holt
     Honda
     Hooley
     Hoyer
     Inslee
     Israel
     Jackson (IL)
     Jackson-Lee (TX)
     Jefferson
     Jindal
     Johnson (GA)
     Johnson, E. B.
     Jones (NC)
     Jones (OH)
     Kagen
     Kanjorski
     Kaptur
     Kennedy
     Kildee
     Kilpatrick
     Kind
     Klein (FL)
     Kucinich
     Lampson
     Langevin
     Lantos
     Larsen (WA)
     Larson (CT)
     Lee
     Levin
     Lewis (GA)
     Linder
     Lipinski
     Loebsack
     Lofgren, Zoe
     Lowey
     Lynch
     Mahoney (FL)
     Maloney (NY)
     Markey
     Marshall
     Matheson
     Matsui
     McCarthy (NY)
     McCollum (MN)
     McDermott
     McGovern
     McIntyre
     McNerney
     McNulty
     Meek (FL)
     Meeks (NY)
     Melancon
     Michaud
     Miller (NC)
     Miller, George
     Mitchell
     Moore (KS)
     Moore (WI)
     Moran (VA)
     Murphy (CT)
     Murphy, Patrick
     Murphy, Tim
     Murtha
     Nadler
     Napolitano
     Neal (MA)
     Norton
     Oberstar
     Obey
     Olver
     Ortiz
     Pallone
     Pascrell
     Pastor
     Paul
     Payne
     Perlmutter
     Peterson (MN)
     Pomeroy
     Price (NC)
     Rahall
     Rangel
     Reyes
     Rodriguez
     Ross
     Rothman
     Roybal-Allard
     Ruppersberger
     Rush
     Ryan (OH)
     Salazar
     Sanchez, Linda T.
     Sanchez, Loretta
     Sarbanes
     Schakowsky
     Schiff
     Schwartz
     Scott (GA)
     Scott (VA)
     Serrano
     Shea-Porter
     Sherman
     Shuler
     Sires
     Skelton
     Slaughter
     Smith (WA)
     Snyder
     Solis
     Space
     Spratt
     Stupak
     Sutton
     Tanner
     Tauscher
     Taylor
     Thompson (CA)
     Thompson (MS)
     Tierney
     Towns
     Udall (CO)
     Udall (NM)
     Van Hollen
     Velazquez
     Visclosky
     Walz (MN)
     Wasserman Schultz
     Waters
     Watson
     Watt
     Waxman
     Weiner
     Welch (VT)
     Wexler
     Wilson (OH)
     Woolsey
     Wu
     Wynn
     Yarmuth

                               NOES--199

     Aderholt
     Akin
     Alexander
     Altmire
     Bachmann
     Bachus
     Baker
     Barrett (SC)
     Bartlett (MD)
     Barton (TX)
     Biggert
     Bilbray
     Bilirakis
     Bishop (UT)
     Blackburn
     Blunt
     Boehner
     Bonner
     Bono
     Boozman
     Boustany
     Boyd (FL)
     Boyda (KS)
     Brady (TX)
     Brown (SC)
     Brown-Waite, Ginny
     Buchanan
     Burgess
     Burton (IN)
     Buyer
     Calvert
     Camp (MI)
     Campbell (CA)
     Cannon
     Cantor
     Capito
     Carter
     Castle
     Chabot
     Coble
     Cole (OK)
     Conaway
     Crenshaw
     Cubin
     Culberson
     Davis (KY)
     Davis, David
     Davis, Tom
     Deal (GA)
     Dent
     Diaz-Balart, L.
     Diaz-Balart, M.
     Doolittle
     Drake
     Dreier
     Duncan
     Ehlers
     Emerson
     English (PA)
     Everett
     Fallin
     Feeney
     Ferguson
     Flake
     Forbes
     Fortenberry
     Fortuno
     Fossella
     Foxx
     Franks (AZ)
     Frelinghuysen
     Gallegly
     Garrett (NJ)
     Gerlach
     Gillmor
     Gingrey
     Gohmert
     Goode
     Goodlatte
     Granger
     Graves
     Hall (TX)
     Hastert
     Hastings (WA)
     Hayes
     Heller
     Hensarling
     Herger
     Hobson
     Hoekstra
     Hulshof
     Hunter
     Inglis (SC)
     Issa
     Johnson (IL)
     Johnson, Sam
     Jordan
     Keller
     King (IA)
     King (NY)
     Kingston
     Kirk
     Kline (MN)
     Knollenberg
     Kuhl (NY)
     LaHood
     Lamborn
     Latham
     LaTourette
     Lewis (CA)
     Lewis (KY)
     LoBiondo
     Lucas
     Lungren, Daniel E.
     Mack
     Manzullo
     Marchant
     McCarthy (CA)
     McCaul (TX)
     McCotter
     McCrery
     McHenry
     McHugh
     McKeon
     McMorris Rodgers
     Mica
     Miller (FL)
     Miller (MI)
     Miller, Gary
     Mollohan
     Moran (KS)
     Musgrave
     Myrick
     Neugebauer
     Nunes
     Pearce
     Pence
     Peterson (PA)
     Petri
     Pickering
     Pitts
     Platts
     Poe
     Porter
     Price (GA)
     Pryce (OH)
     Putnam
     Radanovich
     Ramstad
     Regula
     Rehberg
     Reichert
     Renzi
     Reynolds
     Rogers (AL)
     Rogers (KY)
     Rogers (MI)
     Rohrabacher
     Ros-Lehtinen
     Roskam
     Royce
     Ryan (WI)
     Sali
     Saxton
     Schmidt

[[Page H8098]]


     Sensenbrenner
     Sessions
     Sestak
     Shadegg
     Shays
     Shimkus
     Shuster
     Simpson
     Smith (NE)
     Smith (NJ)
     Smith (TX)
     Souder
     Stearns
     Sullivan
     Terry
     Thornberry
     Tiahrt
     Tiberi
     Turner
     Upton
     Walberg
     Walden (OR)
     Walsh (NY)
     Wamp
     Weldon (FL)
     Weller
     Westmoreland
     Whitfield
     Wicker
     Wilson (NM)
     Wilson (SC)
     Wolf
     Young (AK)
     Young (FL)

                             NOT VOTING--6

     Bordallo
     Brown, Corrine
     Davis, Jo Ann
     Faleomavaega
     Stark
     Tancredo


                      Announcement by the Chairman

  The CHAIRMAN (during the vote). Members are advised there is 1 minute 
remaining on this vote.

                              {time}  2143

  So the amendment was agreed to.
  The result of the vote was announced as above recorded.


                Amendment Offered by Mr. Barton of Texas

  The CHAIRMAN. The unfinished business is the demand for a recorded 
vote on the amendment offered by the gentleman from Texas (Mr. Barton) 
on which further proceedings were postponed and on which the noes 
prevailed by voice vote.
  The Clerk will redesignate the amendment.
  The Clerk redesignated the amendment.


                             Recorded Vote

  The CHAIRMAN. A recorded vote has been demanded.
  A recorded vote was ordered.
  The CHAIRMAN. This will be a 2-minute vote.
  The vote was taken by electronic device, and there were--ayes 181, 
noes 249, not voting 6, as follows:

                             [Roll No. 666]

                               AYES--181

     Aderholt
     Akin
     Alexander
     Bachmann
     Bachus
     Baker
     Barrett (SC)
     Bartlett (MD)
     Barton (TX)
     Biggert
     Bilbray
     Bishop (UT)
     Blackburn
     Blunt
     Boehner
     Bonner
     Bono
     Boozman
     Boustany
     Brady (TX)
     Brown (SC)
     Brown-Waite, Ginny
     Buchanan
     Burgess
     Burton (IN)
     Buyer
     Calvert
     Campbell (CA)
     Cannon
     Cantor
     Capito
     Carter
     Castle
     Chabot
     Coble
     Cole (OK)
     Conaway
     Crenshaw
     Cubin
     Culberson
     Davis (KY)
     Davis, David
     Davis, Tom
     Deal (GA)
     Dent
     Diaz-Balart, L.
     Diaz-Balart, M.
     Doolittle
     Drake
     Dreier
     Duncan
     Ehlers
     Emerson
     English (PA)
     Everett
     Fallin
     Feeney
     Ferguson
     Flake
     Forbes
     Fortenberry
     Fortuno
     Fossella
     Foxx
     Franks (AZ)
     Frelinghuysen
     Gallegly
     Garrett (NJ)
     Gerlach
     Gilchrest
     Gillmor
     Gingrey
     Gohmert
     Goode
     Goodlatte
     Granger
     Graves
     Hall (TX)
     Hastert
     Hastings (WA)
     Hayes
     Heller
     Hensarling
     Herger
     Hoekstra
     Hulshof
     Hunter
     Inglis (SC)
     Issa
     Jindal
     Johnson (IL)
     Johnson, Sam
     Jordan
     Keller
     King (IA)
     King (NY)
     Kingston
     Kirk
     Kline (MN)
     Kuhl (NY)
     LaHood
     Lamborn
     Latham
     Lewis (CA)
     Lewis (KY)
     Linder
     Lucas
     Lungren, Daniel E.
     Mack
     Manzullo
     Marchant
     McCarthy (CA)
     McCaul (TX)
     McCotter
     McCrery
     McHenry
     McKeon
     McMorris Rodgers
     Mica
     Miller (FL)
     Miller (MI)
     Miller, Gary
     Moran (KS)
     Murphy, Tim
     Musgrave
     Myrick
     Neugebauer
     Nunes
     Paul
     Pearce
     Pence
     Petri
     Pickering
     Pitts
     Platts
     Poe
     Porter
     Price (GA)
     Pryce (OH)
     Putnam
     Radanovich
     Ramstad
     Rehberg
     Reichert
     Reynolds
     Rogers (AL)
     Rogers (KY)
     Rogers (MI)
     Rohrabacher
     Ros-Lehtinen
     Roskam
     Royce
     Ryan (WI)
     Sali
     Schmidt
     Sensenbrenner
     Sessions
     Shadegg
     Shays
     Shimkus
     Shuster
     Smith (NE)
     Smith (NJ)
     Smith (TX)
     Souder
     Stearns
     Sullivan
     Terry
     Thornberry
     Tiahrt
     Walberg
     Walden (OR)
     Wamp
     Weller
     Westmoreland
     Whitfield
     Wicker
     Wilson (NM)
     Wilson (SC)
     Wolf
     Young (FL)

                               NOES--249

     Abercrombie
     Ackerman
     Allen
     Altmire
     Andrews
     Arcuri
     Baca
     Baird
     Baldwin
     Barrow
     Bean
     Becerra
     Berkley
     Berman
     Berry
     Bilirakis
     Bishop (GA)
     Bishop (NY)
     Blumenauer
     Boren
     Boswell
     Boucher
     Boyd (FL)
     Boyda (KS)
     Brady (PA)
     Braley (IA)
     Butterfield
     Camp (MI)
     Capps
     Capuano
     Cardoza
     Carnahan
     Carney
     Carson
     Castor
     Chandler
     Christensen
     Clarke
     Clay
     Cleaver
     Clyburn
     Cohen
     Conyers
     Cooper
     Costa
     Costello
     Courtney
     Cramer
     Crowley
     Cuellar
     Cummings
     Davis (AL)
     Davis (CA)
     Davis (IL)
     Davis, Lincoln
     DeFazio
     DeGette
     Delahunt
     DeLauro
     Dicks
     Dingell
     Doggett
     Donnelly
     Doyle
     Edwards
     Ellison
     Ellsworth
     Emanuel
     Engel
     Eshoo
     Etheridge
     Farr
     Fattah
     Filner
     Frank (MA)
     Giffords
     Gillibrand
     Gonzalez
     Gordon
     Green, Al
     Green, Gene
     Grijalva
     Gutierrez
     Hall (NY)
     Hare
     Harman
     Hastings (FL)
     Herseth Sandlin
     Higgins
     Hill
     Hinchey
     Hinojosa
     Hirono
     Hobson
     Hodes
     Holden
     Holt
     Honda
     Hooley
     Hoyer
     Inslee
     Israel
     Jackson (IL)
     Jackson-Lee (TX)
     Jefferson
     Johnson (GA)
     Johnson, E. B.
     Jones (NC)
     Jones (OH)
     Kagen
     Kanjorski
     Kaptur
     Kennedy
     Kildee
     Kilpatrick
     Kind
     Klein (FL)
     Knollenberg
     Kucinich
     Lampson
     Langevin
     Lantos
     Larsen (WA)
     Larson (CT)
     LaTourette
     Lee
     Levin
     Lewis (GA)
     Lipinski
     LoBiondo
     Loebsack
     Lofgren, Zoe
     Lowey
     Lynch
     Mahoney (FL)
     Maloney (NY)
     Markey
     Marshall
     Matheson
     Matsui
     McCarthy (NY)
     McCollum (MN)
     McDermott
     McGovern
     McHugh
     McIntyre
     McNerney
     McNulty
     Meek (FL)
     Meeks (NY)
     Melancon
     Michaud
     Miller (NC)
     Miller, George
     Mitchell
     Mollohan
     Moore (KS)
     Moore (WI)
     Moran (VA)
     Murphy (CT)
     Murphy, Patrick
     Murtha
     Nadler
     Napolitano
     Neal (MA)
     Norton
     Oberstar
     Obey
     Olver
     Ortiz
     Pallone
     Pascrell
     Pastor
     Payne
     Perlmutter
     Peterson (MN)
     Peterson (PA)
     Pomeroy
     Price (NC)
     Rahall
     Rangel
     Regula
     Renzi
     Reyes
     Rodriguez
     Ross
     Rothman
     Roybal-Allard
     Ruppersberger
     Rush
     Ryan (OH)
     Salazar
     Sanchez, Linda T.
     Sanchez, Loretta
     Sarbanes
     Saxton
     Schakowsky
     Schiff
     Schwartz
     Scott (GA)
     Scott (VA)
     Serrano
     Sestak
     Shea-Porter
     Sherman
     Shuler
     Simpson
     Sires
     Skelton
     Slaughter
     Smith (WA)
     Snyder
     Solis
     Space
     Spratt
     Stupak
     Sutton
     Tanner
     Tauscher
     Taylor
     Thompson (CA)
     Thompson (MS)
     Tiberi
     Tierney
     Towns
     Turner
     Udall (CO)
     Udall (NM)
     Upton
     Van Hollen
     Velazquez
     Visclosky
     Walsh (NY)
     Walz (MN)
     Wasserman Schultz
     Waters
     Watson
     Watt
     Waxman
     Weiner
     Welch (VT)
     Weldon (FL)
     Wexler
     Wilson (OH)
     Woolsey
     Wu
     Wynn
     Yarmuth
     Young (AK)

                             NOT VOTING--6

     Bordallo
     Brown, Corrine
     Davis, Jo Ann
     Faleomavaega
     Stark
     Tancredo


                      Announcement by the Chairman

  The CHAIRMAN (during the vote). Members are advised that 1 minute 
remains in this vote.

                              {time}  2148

  Mrs. BOYDA of Kansas changed her vote from ``aye'' to ``no.''
  So the amendment was rejected.
  The result of the vote was announced as above recorded.


               Amendment No. 59 Offered by Mr. Hensarling

  The CHAIRMAN. The unfinished business is the demand for a recorded 
vote on the amendment offered by the gentleman from Texas (Mr. 
Hensarling) on which further proceedings were postponed and on which 
the noes prevailed by voice vote.
  The Clerk will redesignate the amendment.
  The Clerk redesignated the amendment.


                             Recorded Vote

  The CHAIRMAN. A recorded vote has been demanded.
  A recorded vote was ordered.
  The CHAIRMAN. This will be a 2-minute vote.
  The vote was taken by electronic device, and there were--ayes 114, 
noes 316, not voting 6, as follows:

                             [Roll No. 667]

                               AYES--114

     Akin
     Bachmann
     Bachus
     Barrett (SC)
     Barrow
     Bartlett (MD)
     Barton (TX)
     Bilbray
     Bishop (UT)
     Blackburn
     Blunt
     Boehner
     Brown-Waite, Ginny
     Burgess
     Burton (IN)
     Campbell (CA)
     Cannon
     Cantor
     Carter
     Castle
     Chabot
     Coble
     Conaway
     Cooper
     Crenshaw
     Cubin
     Culberson
     Davis, David
     Deal (GA)
     Dent
     Duncan
     Everett
     Feeney
     Flake
     Forbes
     Fortenberry
     Fossella
     Foxx
     Franks (AZ)
     Garrett (NJ)
     Gerlach
     Gingrey
     Gohmert
     Granger
     Graves
     Hall (TX)
     Hastert
     Heller
     Hensarling
     Hobson
     Hulshof
     Hunter
     Inglis (SC)
     Issa
     Jindal
     Johnson (IL)
     Johnson, Sam
     Jordan
     King (IA)
     Kingston
     Kirk
     Kline (MN)
     Lamborn
     Linder
     Lungren, Daniel E.
     Mack
     Marchant
     Marshall
     McCarthy (CA)
     McHenry
     Mica
     Miller (FL)
     Musgrave
     Myrick
     Neugebauer
     Nunes
     Pearce
     Pence
     Petri
     Pitts
     Platts
     Poe
     Price (GA)
     Putnam
     Radanovich
     Ramstad
     Rogers (MI)
     Rohrabacher
     Roskam
     Royce
     Ryan (WI)
     Sali
     Schmidt
     Sensenbrenner
     Sessions
     Shadegg
     Shimkus
     Shuster
     Smith (NE)
     Souder
     Stearns
     Sullivan
     Taylor
     Terry
     Thornberry
     Tiberi
     Upton
     Walberg
     Walden (OR)
     Wamp
     Weldon (FL)
     Westmoreland
     Wilson (SC)
     Young (FL)

[[Page H8099]]



                               NOES--316

     Abercrombie
     Ackerman
     Aderholt
     Alexander
     Allen
     Altmire
     Andrews
     Arcuri
     Baca
     Baird
     Baker
     Baldwin
     Bean
     Becerra
     Berkley
     Berman
     Berry
     Biggert
     Bilirakis
     Bishop (GA)
     Bishop (NY)
     Blumenauer
     Bonner
     Bono
     Boozman
     Boren
     Boswell
     Boucher
     Boustany
     Boyd (FL)
     Boyda (KS)
     Brady (PA)
     Brady (TX)
     Braley (IA)
     Brown (SC)
     Buchanan
     Butterfield
     Buyer
     Calvert
     Camp (MI)
     Capito
     Capps
     Capuano
     Cardoza
     Carnahan
     Carney
     Carson
     Castor
     Chandler
     Christensen
     Clarke
     Clay
     Cleaver
     Clyburn
     Cohen
     Cole (OK)
     Conyers
     Costa
     Costello
     Courtney
     Cramer
     Crowley
     Cuellar
     Cummings
     Davis (AL)
     Davis (CA)
     Davis (IL)
     Davis (KY)
     Davis, Lincoln
     Davis, Tom
     DeFazio
     DeGette
     Delahunt
     DeLauro
     Diaz-Balart, L.
     Diaz-Balart, M.
     Dicks
     Dingell
     Doggett
     Donnelly
     Doolittle
     Doyle
     Drake
     Dreier
     Edwards
     Ehlers
     Ellison
     Ellsworth
     Emanuel
     Emerson
     Engel
     English (PA)
     Eshoo
     Etheridge
     Fallin
     Farr
     Fattah
     Ferguson
     Filner
     Fortuno
     Frank (MA)
     Frelinghuysen
     Gallegly
     Giffords
     Gilchrest
     Gillibrand
     Gillmor
     Gonzalez
     Goode
     Goodlatte
     Gordon
     Green, Al
     Green, Gene
     Grijalva
     Gutierrez
     Hall (NY)
     Hare
     Harman
     Hastings (FL)
     Hastings (WA)
     Hayes
     Herger
     Herseth Sandlin
     Higgins
     Hill
     Hinchey
     Hinojosa
     Hirono
     Hodes
     Hoekstra
     Holden
     Holt
     Honda
     Hooley
     Hoyer
     Inslee
     Israel
     Jackson (IL)
     Jackson-Lee (TX)
     Jefferson
     Johnson (GA)
     Johnson, E. B.
     Jones (NC)
     Jones (OH)
     Kagen
     Kanjorski
     Kaptur
     Keller
     Kennedy
     Kildee
     Kilpatrick
     Kind
     King (NY)
     Klein (FL)
     Knollenberg
     Kucinich
     Kuhl (NY)
     LaHood
     Lampson
     Langevin
     Lantos
     Larsen (WA)
     Larson (CT)
     Latham
     LaTourette
     Lee
     Levin
     Lewis (CA)
     Lewis (GA)
     Lewis (KY)
     Lipinski
     LoBiondo
     Loebsack
     Lofgren, Zoe
     Lowey
     Lucas
     Lynch
     Mahoney (FL)
     Maloney (NY)
     Manzullo
     Markey
     Matheson
     Matsui
     McCarthy (NY)
     McCaul (TX)
     McCollum (MN)
     McCotter
     McCrery
     McDermott
     McGovern
     McHugh
     McIntyre
     McKeon
     McMorris Rodgers
     McNerney
     McNulty
     Meek (FL)
     Meeks (NY)
     Melancon
     Michaud
     Miller (MI)
     Miller (NC)
     Miller, Gary
     Miller, George
     Mitchell
     Mollohan
     Moore (KS)
     Moore (WI)
     Moran (KS)
     Moran (VA)
     Murphy (CT)
     Murphy, Patrick
     Murphy, Tim
     Murtha
     Nadler
     Napolitano
     Neal (MA)
     Norton
     Oberstar
     Obey
     Olver
     Ortiz
     Pallone
     Pascrell
     Pastor
     Paul
     Payne
     Perlmutter
     Peterson (MN)
     Peterson (PA)
     Pickering
     Pomeroy
     Porter
     Price (NC)
     Pryce (OH)
     Rahall
     Rangel
     Regula
     Rehberg
     Reichert
     Renzi
     Reyes
     Reynolds
     Rodriguez
     Rogers (AL)
     Rogers (KY)
     Ros-Lehtinen
     Ross
     Rothman
     Roybal-Allard
     Ruppersberger
     Rush
     Ryan (OH)
     Salazar
     Sanchez, Linda T.
     Sanchez, Loretta
     Sarbanes
     Saxton
     Schakowsky
     Schiff
     Schwartz
     Scott (GA)
     Scott (VA)
     Serrano
     Sestak
     Shays
     Shea-Porter
     Sherman
     Shuler
     Simpson
     Sires
     Skelton
     Slaughter
     Smith (NJ)
     Smith (TX)
     Smith (WA)
     Snyder
     Solis
     Space
     Spratt
     Stupak
     Sutton
     Tanner
     Tauscher
     Thompson (CA)
     Thompson (MS)
     Tiahrt
     Tierney
     Towns
     Turner
     Udall (CO)
     Udall (NM)
     Van Hollen
     Velazquez
     Visclosky
     Walsh (NY)
     Walz (MN)
     Wasserman Schultz
     Waters
     Watson
     Watt
     Waxman
     Weiner
     Welch (VT)
     Weller
     Wexler
     Whitfield
     Wicker
     Wilson (NM)
     Wilson (OH)
     Wolf
     Woolsey
     Wu
     Wynn
     Yarmuth
     Young (AK)

                             NOT VOTING--6

     Bordallo
     Brown, Corrine
     Davis, Jo Ann
     Faleomavaega
     Stark
     Tancredo


                      Announcement by the Chairman

  The CHAIRMAN (during the vote). Members are advised that 1 minute 
remains on this vote.

                              {time}  2152

  So the amendment was rejected.
  The result of the vote was announced as above recorded.


                 Amendment No. 15 Offered by Mr. Flake

  The CHAIRMAN. The unfinished business is the demand for a recorded 
vote on the amendment offered by the gentleman from Arizona (Mr. Flake) 
on which further proceedings were postponed and on which the noes 
prevailed by voice vote.
  The Clerk will redesignate the amendment.
  The Clerk redesignated the amendment.


                             Recorded Vote

  The CHAIRMAN. A recorded vote has been demanded.
  A recorded vote was ordered.
  The CHAIRMAN. This will be a 2-minute vote.
  The vote was taken by electronic device, and there were--ayes 118, 
noes 312, not voting 6, as follows:

                             [Roll No. 668]

                               AYES--118

     Akin
     Bachmann
     Barrett (SC)
     Barrow
     Bartlett (MD)
     Barton (TX)
     Bilbray
     Bilirakis
     Bishop (UT)
     Blackburn
     Boehner
     Boozman
     Brady (TX)
     Brown-Waite, Ginny
     Burgess
     Burton (IN)
     Buyer
     Campbell (CA)
     Cannon
     Cantor
     Carter
     Chabot
     Coble
     Conaway
     Cooper
     Culberson
     Davis, David
     Deal (GA)
     Dreier
     Duncan
     Fallin
     Feeney
     Flake
     Forbes
     Fortenberry
     Franks (AZ)
     Gallegly
     Garrett (NJ)
     Gingrey
     Gohmert
     Granger
     Graves
     Hall (TX)
     Hastert
     Heller
     Hensarling
     Herger
     Hobson
     Hulshof
     Hunter
     Inglis (SC)
     Issa
     Jindal
     Johnson (IL)
     Johnson, Sam
     Jones (NC)
     Jordan
     Keller
     King (IA)
     Kingston
     Kline (MN)
     Lamborn
     LaTourette
     Linder
     Lungren, Daniel E.
     Mack
     Marchant
     Marshall
     McCarthy (CA)
     McCaul (TX)
     McCotter
     McHenry
     Mica
     Miller (FL)
     Musgrave
     Myrick
     Neugebauer
     Nunes
     Paul
     Pearce
     Pence
     Petri
     Pickering
     Pitts
     Platts
     Poe
     Price (GA)
     Putnam
     Ramstad
     Rogers (MI)
     Rohrabacher
     Roskam
     Royce
     Ryan (WI)
     Sali
     Schmidt
     Sensenbrenner
     Sessions
     Shadegg
     Shimkus
     Shuster
     Simpson
     Smith (NE)
     Souder
     Stearns
     Sullivan
     Taylor
     Terry
     Thornberry
     Tiberi
     Walberg
     Wamp
     Weldon (FL)
     Westmoreland
     Whitfield
     Wicker
     Wilson (SC)
     Young (FL)

                               NOES--312

     Abercrombie
     Ackerman
     Aderholt
     Alexander
     Allen
     Altmire
     Andrews
     Arcuri
     Baca
     Bachus
     Baird
     Baker
     Baldwin
     Bean
     Becerra
     Berkley
     Berman
     Berry
     Biggert
     Bishop (GA)
     Bishop (NY)
     Blumenauer
     Blunt
     Bonner
     Bono
     Boren
     Boswell
     Boucher
     Boustany
     Boyd (FL)
     Boyda (KS)
     Brady (PA)
     Braley (IA)
     Brown (SC)
     Buchanan
     Butterfield
     Calvert
     Camp (MI)
     Capito
     Capps
     Capuano
     Cardoza
     Carnahan
     Carney
     Carson
     Castle
     Castor
     Chandler
     Christensen
     Clarke
     Clay
     Cleaver
     Clyburn
     Cohen
     Cole (OK)
     Conyers
     Costa
     Costello
     Courtney
     Cramer
     Crenshaw
     Crowley
     Cubin
     Cuellar
     Cummings
     Davis (AL)
     Davis (CA)
     Davis (IL)
     Davis (KY)
     Davis, Lincoln
     Davis, Tom
     DeFazio
     DeGette
     Delahunt
     DeLauro
     Dent
     Diaz-Balart, L.
     Diaz-Balart, M.
     Dicks
     Dingell
     Doggett
     Donnelly
     Doolittle
     Doyle
     Drake
     Edwards
     Ehlers
     Ellison
     Ellsworth
     Emanuel
     Emerson
     Engel
     English (PA)
     Eshoo
     Etheridge
     Everett
     Farr
     Fattah
     Ferguson
     Filner
     Fortuno
     Fossella
     Foxx
     Frank (MA)
     Frelinghuysen
     Gerlach
     Giffords
     Gilchrest
     Gillibrand
     Gillmor
     Gonzalez
     Goode
     Goodlatte
     Gordon
     Green, Al
     Green, Gene
     Grijalva
     Gutierrez
     Hall (NY)
     Hare
     Harman
     Hastings (FL)
     Hastings (WA)
     Hayes
     Herseth Sandlin
     Higgins
     Hill
     Hinchey
     Hinojosa
     Hirono
     Hodes
     Hoekstra
     Holden
     Holt
     Honda
     Hooley
     Hoyer
     Inslee
     Israel
     Jackson (IL)
     Jackson-Lee (TX)
     Jefferson
     Johnson (GA)
     Johnson, E. B.
     Jones (OH)
     Kagen
     Kanjorski
     Kaptur
     Kennedy
     Kildee
     Kilpatrick
     Kind
     King (NY)
     Kirk
     Klein (FL)
     Knollenberg
     Kucinich
     Kuhl (NY)
     LaHood
     Lampson
     Langevin
     Lantos
     Larsen (WA)
     Larson (CT)
     Latham
     Lee
     Levin
     Lewis (CA)
     Lewis (GA)
     Lewis (KY)
     Lipinski
     LoBiondo
     Loebsack
     Lofgren, Zoe
     Lowey
     Lucas
     Lynch
     Mahoney (FL)
     Maloney (NY)
     Manzullo
     Markey
     Matheson
     Matsui
     McCarthy (NY)
     McCollum (MN)
     McCrery
     McDermott
     McGovern
     McHugh
     McIntyre
     McKeon
     McMorris Rodgers
     McNerney
     McNulty
     Meek (FL)
     Meeks (NY)
     Melancon
     Michaud
     Miller (MI)
     Miller (NC)
     Miller, Gary
     Miller, George
     Mitchell
     Mollohan
     Moore (KS)
     Moore (WI)
     Moran (KS)
     Moran (VA)
     Murphy (CT)
     Murphy, Patrick
     Murphy, Tim
     Murtha
     Nadler
     Napolitano
     Neal (MA)
     Norton
     Oberstar
     Obey
     Olver
     Ortiz
     Pallone
     Pascrell
     Pastor
     Payne
     Perlmutter
     Peterson (MN)
     Peterson (PA)
     Pomeroy
     Porter
     Price (NC)
     Pryce (OH)
     Radanovich
     Rahall
     Rangel
     Regula
     Rehberg
     Reichert
     Renzi
     Reyes
     Reynolds
     Rodriguez
     Rogers (AL)
     Rogers (KY)
     Ros-Lehtinen
     Ross
     Rothman
     Roybal-Allard
     Ruppersberger
     Rush
     Ryan (OH)
     Salazar
     Sanchez, Linda T.
     Sanchez, Loretta
     Sarbanes
     Saxton
     Schakowsky
     Schiff
     Schwartz
     Scott (GA)
     Scott (VA)
     Serrano
     Sestak
     Shays
     Shea-Porter
     Sherman
     Shuler
     Sires
     Skelton
     Slaughter
     Smith (NJ)
     Smith (TX)
     Smith (WA)
     Snyder
     Solis
     Space
     Spratt
     Stupak
     Sutton
     Tanner
     Tauscher
     Thompson (CA)
     Thompson (MS)
     Tiahrt
     Tierney
     Towns
     Turner
     Udall (CO)
     Udall (NM)
     Upton
     Van Hollen
     Velazquez

[[Page H8100]]


     Visclosky
     Walden (OR)
     Walsh (NY)
     Walz (MN)
     Wasserman Schultz
     Waters
     Watson
     Watt
     Waxman
     Weiner
     Welch (VT)
     Weller
     Wexler
     Wilson (NM)
     Wilson (OH)
     Wolf
     Woolsey
     Wu
     Wynn
     Yarmuth
     Young (AK)

                             NOT VOTING--6

     Bordallo
     Brown, Corrine
     Davis, Jo Ann
     Faleomavaega
     Stark
     Tancredo


                      Announcement by the Chairman

  The CHAIRMAN (during the vote). Members are advised that 1 minute 
remains on this vote.

                              {time}  2156

  So the amendment was rejected.
  The result of the vote was announced as above recorded.


                 Amendment No. 10 Offered by Mr. Flake

  The CHAIRMAN. The unfinished business is the demand for a recorded 
vote on the amendment offered by the gentleman from Arizona (Mr. Flake) 
on which further proceedings were postponed and on which the noes 
prevailed by voice vote.
  The Clerk will redesignate the amendment.
  The Clerk redesignated the amendment.


                             Recorded Vote

  The CHAIRMAN. A recorded vote has been demanded.
  A recorded vote was ordered.
  The CHAIRMAN. This will be a 2-minute vote.
  The vote was taken by electronic device, and there were--ayes 70, 
noes 360, not voting 6, as follows:

                             [Roll No. 669]

                                AYES--70

     Akin
     Bachmann
     Barrow
     Barton (TX)
     Bilbray
     Blackburn
     Boehner
     Brown-Waite, Ginny
     Burgess
     Burton (IN)
     Campbell (CA)
     Cannon
     Chabot
     Coble
     Conaway
     Cooper
     Davis, David
     Deal (GA)
     Feeney
     Flake
     Franks (AZ)
     Garrett (NJ)
     Gingrey
     Graves
     Hastert
     Heller
     Hensarling
     Herger
     Hunter
     Issa
     Jindal
     Johnson, Sam
     Jordan
     King (IA)
     Kline (MN)
     Lamborn
     Linder
     Lungren, Daniel E.
     Mack
     Marchant
     McCaul (TX)
     Miller (FL)
     Murphy, Patrick
     Musgrave
     Myrick
     Neugebauer
     Pence
     Petri
     Pitts
     Ramstad
     Rohrabacher
     Roskam
     Royce
     Ryan (WI)
     Sali
     Schmidt
     Sensenbrenner
     Sessions
     Shadegg
     Shimkus
     Smith (NE)
     Souder
     Sullivan
     Terry
     Thornberry
     Walberg
     Wamp
     Waxman
     Weldon (FL)
     Westmoreland

                               NOES--360

     Abercrombie
     Ackerman
     Aderholt
     Alexander
     Allen
     Altmire
     Andrews
     Arcuri
     Baca
     Bachus
     Baird
     Baker
     Baldwin
     Barrett (SC)
     Bartlett (MD)
     Bean
     Becerra
     Berkley
     Berman
     Berry
     Biggert
     Bilirakis
     Bishop (GA)
     Bishop (NY)
     Bishop (UT)
     Blumenauer
     Blunt
     Bonner
     Bono
     Boozman
     Boren
     Boswell
     Boucher
     Boustany
     Boyd (FL)
     Boyda (KS)
     Brady (PA)
     Brady (TX)
     Braley (IA)
     Brown (SC)
     Buchanan
     Butterfield
     Buyer
     Calvert
     Camp (MI)
     Cantor
     Capito
     Capps
     Capuano
     Cardoza
     Carnahan
     Carney
     Carson
     Carter
     Castle
     Castor
     Chandler
     Christensen
     Clarke
     Clay
     Cleaver
     Clyburn
     Cohen
     Cole (OK)
     Conyers
     Costa
     Costello
     Courtney
     Cramer
     Crenshaw
     Crowley
     Cubin
     Cuellar
     Culberson
     Cummings
     Davis (AL)
     Davis (CA)
     Davis (IL)
     Davis (KY)
     Davis, Lincoln
     Davis, Tom
     DeFazio
     DeGette
     Delahunt
     DeLauro
     Dent
     Diaz-Balart, L.
     Diaz-Balart, M.
     Dicks
     Dingell
     Doggett
     Donnelly
     Doolittle
     Doyle
     Drake
     Dreier
     Duncan
     Edwards
     Ehlers
     Ellison
     Ellsworth
     Emanuel
     Emerson
     Engel
     English (PA)
     Eshoo
     Etheridge
     Everett
     Fallin
     Farr
     Fattah
     Ferguson
     Filner
     Forbes
     Fortenberry
     Fortuno
     Fossella
     Foxx
     Frank (MA)
     Frelinghuysen
     Gallegly
     Gerlach
     Giffords
     Gilchrest
     Gillibrand
     Gillmor
     Gohmert
     Gonzalez
     Goode
     Goodlatte
     Gordon
     Granger
     Green, Al
     Green, Gene
     Grijalva
     Gutierrez
     Hall (NY)
     Hall (TX)
     Hare
     Harman
     Hastings (FL)
     Hastings (WA)
     Hayes
     Herseth Sandlin
     Higgins
     Hill
     Hinchey
     Hinojosa
     Hirono
     Hobson
     Hodes
     Hoekstra
     Holden
     Holt
     Honda
     Hooley
     Hoyer
     Hulshof
     Inglis (SC)
     Inslee
     Israel
     Jackson (IL)
     Jackson-Lee (TX)
     Jefferson
     Johnson (GA)
     Johnson (IL)
     Johnson, E. B.
     Jones (NC)
     Jones (OH)
     Kagen
     Kanjorski
     Kaptur
     Keller
     Kennedy
     Kildee
     Kilpatrick
     Kind
     King (NY)
     Kingston
     Kirk
     Klein (FL)
     Knollenberg
     Kucinich
     Kuhl (NY)
     LaHood
     Lampson
     Langevin
     Lantos
     Larsen (WA)
     Larson (CT)
     Latham
     LaTourette
     Lee
     Levin
     Lewis (CA)
     Lewis (GA)
     Lewis (KY)
     Lipinski
     LoBiondo
     Loebsack
     Lofgren, Zoe
     Lowey
     Lucas
     Lynch
     Mahoney (FL)
     Maloney (NY)
     Manzullo
     Markey
     Marshall
     Matheson
     Matsui
     McCarthy (CA)
     McCarthy (NY)
     McCollum (MN)
     McCotter
     McCrery
     McDermott
     McGovern
     McHenry
     McHugh
     McIntyre
     McKeon
     McMorris Rodgers
     McNerney
     McNulty
     Meek (FL)
     Meeks (NY)
     Melancon
     Mica
     Michaud
     Miller (MI)
     Miller (NC)
     Miller, Gary
     Miller, George
     Mitchell
     Mollohan
     Moore (KS)
     Moore (WI)
     Moran (KS)
     Moran (VA)
     Murphy (CT)
     Murphy, Tim
     Murtha
     Nadler
     Napolitano
     Neal (MA)
     Norton
     Nunes
     Oberstar
     Obey
     Olver
     Ortiz
     Pallone
     Pascrell
     Pastor
     Paul
     Payne
     Pearce
     Perlmutter
     Peterson (MN)
     Peterson (PA)
     Pickering
     Platts
     Poe
     Pomeroy
     Porter
     Price (GA)
     Price (NC)
     Pryce (OH)
     Putnam
     Radanovich
     Rahall
     Rangel
     Regula
     Rehberg
     Reichert
     Renzi
     Reyes
     Reynolds
     Rodriguez
     Rogers (AL)
     Rogers (KY)
     Rogers (MI)
     Ros-Lehtinen
     Ross
     Rothman
     Roybal-Allard
     Ruppersberger
     Rush
     Ryan (OH)
     Salazar
     Sanchez, Linda T.
     Sanchez, Loretta
     Sarbanes
     Saxton
     Schakowsky
     Schiff
     Schwartz
     Scott (GA)
     Scott (VA)
     Serrano
     Sestak
     Shays
     Shea-Porter
     Sherman
     Shuler
     Shuster
     Simpson
     Sires
     Skelton
     Slaughter
     Smith (NJ)
     Smith (TX)
     Smith (WA)
     Snyder
     Solis
     Space
     Spratt
     Stearns
     Stupak
     Sutton
     Tanner
     Tauscher
     Taylor
     Thompson (CA)
     Thompson (MS)
     Tiahrt
     Tiberi
     Tierney
     Towns
     Turner
     Udall (CO)
     Udall (NM)
     Upton
     Van Hollen
     Velazquez
     Visclosky
     Walden (OR)
     Walsh (NY)
     Walz (MN)
     Wasserman Schultz
     Waters
     Watson
     Watt
     Weiner
     Welch (VT)
     Weller
     Wexler
     Whitfield
     Wicker
     Wilson (NM)
     Wilson (OH)
     Wilson (SC)
     Wolf
     Woolsey
     Wu
     Wynn
     Yarmuth
     Young (AK)
     Young (FL)

                             NOT VOTING--6

     Bordallo
     Brown, Corrine
     Davis, Jo Ann
     Faleomavaega
     Stark
     Tancredo

                              {time}  2200

  So the amendment was rejected.
  The result of the vote was announced as above recorded.


                 Amendment No. 12 Offered by Mr. Flake

  The CHAIRMAN. The unfinished business is the demand for a recorded 
vote on the amendment offered by the gentleman from Arizona (Mr. Flake) 
on which further proceedings were postponed and on which the noes 
prevailed by voice vote.
  The Clerk will redesignate the amendment.
  The Clerk redesignated the amendment.


                             Recorded Vote

  The CHAIRMAN. A recorded vote has been demanded.
  A recorded vote was ordered.
  The CHAIRMAN. This will be a 2-minute vote.
  The vote was taken by electronic device, and there were--ayes 112, 
noes 317, not voting 7, as follows:

                             [Roll No. 670]

                               AYES--112

     Akin
     Bachmann
     Barrett (SC)
     Barton (TX)
     Biggert
     Bilbray
     Bilirakis
     Bishop (UT)
     Blackburn
     Blunt
     Boehner
     Boozman
     Brady (TX)
     Brown-Waite, Ginny
     Burgess
     Burton (IN)
     Buyer
     Camp (MI)
     Campbell (CA)
     Cannon
     Cantor
     Carter
     Castle
     Chabot
     Coble
     Conaway
     Cooper
     Culberson
     Davis, David
     Deal (GA)
     Dent
     Duncan
     Feeney
     Flake
     Forbes
     Fortenberry
     Fossella
     Franks (AZ)
     Gallegly
     Garrett (NJ)
     Gerlach
     Gillmor
     Gingrey
     Gohmert
     Hall (TX)
     Hastert
     Heller
     Hensarling
     Herger
     Hoekstra
     Hunter
     Inglis (SC)
     Issa
     Jindal
     Johnson (IL)
     Johnson, Sam
     Jordan
     Keller
     King (IA)
     Kingston
     Kline (MN)
     Lamborn
     Linder
     Lungren, Daniel E.
     Mack
     Marchant
     Marshall
     Matheson
     McCarthy (CA)
     McCaul (TX)
     McHenry
     McMorris Rodgers
     Mica
     Miller (FL)
     Musgrave
     Neugebauer
     Nunes
     Pearce
     Pence
     Petri
     Pitts
     Platts
     Poe
     Price (GA)
     Putnam
     Ramstad
     Rogers (MI)
     Rohrabacher
     Roskam
     Royce
     Ryan (WI)
     Sali
     Schmidt
     Sensenbrenner
     Sessions
     Shadegg
     Shimkus
     Shuster
     Smith (NE)
     Souder
     Stearns
     Sullivan
     Taylor
     Thornberry
     Upton
     Walberg
     Walden (OR)
     Wamp
     Weldon (FL)
     Westmoreland
     Wilson (NM)
     Wilson (SC)

                               NOES--317

     Abercrombie
     Ackerman
     Aderholt
     Alexander
     Allen
     Altmire
     Andrews
     Arcuri
     Baca
     Bachus
     Baird
     Baker
     Baldwin
     Barrow
     Bartlett (MD)
     Bean
     Becerra
     Berkley
     Berman
     Berry
     Bishop (NY)
     Blumenauer
     Bonner
     Bono
     Boren
     Boswell
     Boucher
     Boustany
     Boyd (FL)
     Boyda (KS)
     Brady (PA)
     Braley (IA)
     Brown (SC)
     Buchanan
     Butterfield
     Calvert

[[Page H8101]]


     Capito
     Capps
     Capuano
     Cardoza
     Carnahan
     Carney
     Carson
     Castor
     Chandler
     Christensen
     Clarke
     Clay
     Cleaver
     Clyburn
     Cohen
     Cole (OK)
     Conyers
     Costa
     Costello
     Courtney
     Cramer
     Crenshaw
     Crowley
     Cubin
     Cuellar
     Cummings
     Davis (AL)
     Davis (CA)
     Davis (IL)
     Davis (KY)
     Davis, Lincoln
     Davis, Tom
     DeFazio
     DeGette
     Delahunt
     DeLauro
     Diaz-Balart, L.
     Diaz-Balart, M.
     Dicks
     Dingell
     Doggett
     Donnelly
     Doolittle
     Doyle
     Drake
     Dreier
     Edwards
     Ehlers
     Ellison
     Ellsworth
     Emanuel
     Emerson
     Engel
     English (PA)
     Eshoo
     Etheridge
     Everett
     Fallin
     Farr
     Fattah
     Ferguson
     Filner
     Fortuno
     Foxx
     Frank (MA)
     Frelinghuysen
     Giffords
     Gilchrest
     Gillibrand
     Gonzalez
     Goode
     Goodlatte
     Gordon
     Granger
     Graves
     Green, Al
     Green, Gene
     Grijalva
     Gutierrez
     Hall (NY)
     Hare
     Harman
     Hastings (FL)
     Hastings (WA)
     Hayes
     Herseth Sandlin
     Higgins
     Hill
     Hinchey
     Hinojosa
     Hirono
     Hobson
     Hodes
     Holden
     Holt
     Honda
     Hooley
     Hoyer
     Hulshof
     Inslee
     Israel
     Jackson (IL)
     Jackson-Lee (TX)
     Jefferson
     Johnson (GA)
     Johnson, E. B.
     Jones (NC)
     Jones (OH)
     Kagen
     Kanjorski
     Kaptur
     Kennedy
     Kildee
     Kilpatrick
     Kind
     King (NY)
     Kirk
     Klein (FL)
     Knollenberg
     Kucinich
     Kuhl (NY)
     LaHood
     Lampson
     Langevin
     Lantos
     Larsen (WA)
     Larson (CT)
     Latham
     LaTourette
     Lee
     Levin
     Lewis (CA)
     Lewis (GA)
     Lewis (KY)
     Lipinski
     LoBiondo
     Loebsack
     Lofgren, Zoe
     Lowey
     Lucas
     Lynch
     Mahoney (FL)
     Maloney (NY)
     Manzullo
     Markey
     Matsui
     McCarthy (NY)
     McCollum (MN)
     McCotter
     McCrery
     McDermott
     McGovern
     McHugh
     McIntyre
     McKeon
     McNerney
     McNulty
     Meek (FL)
     Meeks (NY)
     Melancon
     Michaud
     Miller (MI)
     Miller (NC)
     Miller, Gary
     Miller, George
     Mitchell
     Mollohan
     Moore (KS)
     Moore (WI)
     Moran (KS)
     Moran (VA)
     Murphy (CT)
     Murphy, Patrick
     Murphy, Tim
     Murtha
     Myrick
     Nadler
     Napolitano
     Neal (MA)
     Norton
     Oberstar
     Obey
     Olver
     Ortiz
     Pallone
     Pascrell
     Pastor
     Paul
     Payne
     Perlmutter
     Peterson (MN)
     Peterson (PA)
     Pickering
     Pomeroy
     Porter
     Price (NC)
     Pryce (OH)
     Radanovich
     Rahall
     Rangel
     Regula
     Rehberg
     Reichert
     Renzi
     Reyes
     Reynolds
     Rodriguez
     Rogers (AL)
     Rogers (KY)
     Ros-Lehtinen
     Ross
     Rothman
     Roybal-Allard
     Ruppersberger
     Rush
     Ryan (OH)
     Salazar
     Sanchez, Linda T.
     Sanchez, Loretta
     Sarbanes
     Saxton
     Schakowsky
     Schiff
     Schwartz
     Scott (GA)
     Scott (VA)
     Serrano
     Sestak
     Shays
     Shea-Porter
     Sherman
     Shuler
     Simpson
     Sires
     Skelton
     Slaughter
     Smith (NJ)
     Smith (TX)
     Smith (WA)
     Snyder
     Solis
     Space
     Spratt
     Stupak
     Sutton
     Tanner
     Tauscher
     Terry
     Thompson (CA)
     Thompson (MS)
     Tiahrt
     Tiberi
     Tierney
     Towns
     Turner
     Udall (CO)
     Udall (NM)
     Van Hollen
     Velazquez
     Visclosky
     Walsh (NY)
     Walz (MN)
     Wasserman Schultz
     Waters
     Watson
     Watt
     Waxman
     Weiner
     Welch (VT)
     Weller
     Wexler
     Whitfield
     Wicker
     Wilson (OH)
     Wolf
     Woolsey
     Wu
     Wynn
     Yarmuth
     Young (AK)
     Young (FL)

                             NOT VOTING--7

     Bishop (GA)
     Bordallo
     Brown, Corrine
     Davis, Jo Ann
     Faleomavaega
     Stark
     Tancredo


                      Announcement by the Chairman

  The CHAIRMAN (during the vote). Members are advised that there is 1 
minute remaining on this vote.

                              {time}  2203

  So the amendment was rejected.
  The result of the vote was announced as above recorded.


                 Amendment No. 11 Offered by Mr. Flake

  The CHAIRMAN. The unfinished business is the demand for a recorded 
vote on the amendment offered by the gentleman from Arizona (Mr. Flake) 
on which further proceedings were postponed and on which the noes 
prevailed by voice vote.
  The Clerk will redesignate the amendment.
  The Clerk redesignated the amendment.


                             Recorded Vote

  The CHAIRMAN. A recorded vote has been demanded.
  A recorded vote was ordered.
  The CHAIRMAN. This will be a 2-minute vote.
  The vote was taken by electronic device, and there were--ayes 68, 
noes 360, not voting 8, as follows:

                             [Roll No. 671]

                                AYES--68

     Akin
     Bachmann
     Barrett (SC)
     Barton (TX)
     Blackburn
     Brown-Waite, Ginny
     Burgess
     Buyer
     Campbell (CA)
     Cannon
     Castle
     Chabot
     Coble
     Conaway
     Cooper
     Deal (GA)
     Feeney
     Flake
     Fossella
     Frank (MA)
     Franks (AZ)
     Garrett (NJ)
     Gingrey
     Graves
     Heller
     Hensarling
     Inglis (SC)
     Issa
     Jindal
     Johnson (IL)
     Johnson, Sam
     Jordan
     King (IA)
     Kingston
     Kline (MN)
     Lamborn
     Linder
     Lungren, Daniel E.
     Mack
     Marchant
     McCaul (TX)
     Miller (FL)
     Murphy, Patrick
     Musgrave
     Myrick
     Neugebauer
     Pearce
     Pence
     Petri
     Price (GA)
     Ramstad
     Rogers (MI)
     Rohrabacher
     Roskam
     Royce
     Ryan (WI)
     Sali
     Sensenbrenner
     Sessions
     Shadegg
     Shimkus
     Souder
     Stearns
     Sullivan
     Terry
     Thornberry
     Weldon (FL)
     Westmoreland

                               NOES--360

     Abercrombie
     Ackerman
     Aderholt
     Alexander
     Allen
     Altmire
     Andrews
     Arcuri
     Baca
     Bachus
     Baird
     Baker
     Baldwin
     Barrow
     Bartlett (MD)
     Bean
     Becerra
     Berkley
     Berman
     Berry
     Biggert
     Bilbray
     Bilirakis
     Bishop (GA)
     Bishop (NY)
     Bishop (UT)
     Blumenauer
     Blunt
     Boehner
     Bonner
     Bono
     Boozman
     Boren
     Boswell
     Boucher
     Boustany
     Boyd (FL)
     Boyda (KS)
     Brady (PA)
     Brady (TX)
     Braley (IA)
     Brown (SC)
     Buchanan
     Burton (IN)
     Butterfield
     Calvert
     Camp (MI)
     Cantor
     Capito
     Capps
     Capuano
     Cardoza
     Carnahan
     Carney
     Carson
     Carter
     Castor
     Chandler
     Christensen
     Clarke
     Clay
     Cleaver
     Clyburn
     Cohen
     Cole (OK)
     Conyers
     Costa
     Costello
     Courtney
     Cramer
     Crenshaw
     Crowley
     Cubin
     Cuellar
     Culberson
     Cummings
     Davis (AL)
     Davis (CA)
     Davis (IL)
     Davis (KY)
     Davis, David
     Davis, Lincoln
     Davis, Tom
     DeFazio
     DeGette
     Delahunt
     DeLauro
     Dent
     Diaz-Balart, L.
     Diaz-Balart, M.
     Dicks
     Dingell
     Doggett
     Donnelly
     Doolittle
     Doyle
     Drake
     Dreier
     Duncan
     Edwards
     Ehlers
     Ellison
     Ellsworth
     Emanuel
     Emerson
     Engel
     English (PA)
     Eshoo
     Etheridge
     Everett
     Fallin
     Farr
     Fattah
     Ferguson
     Filner
     Forbes
     Fortenberry
     Fortuno
     Foxx
     Frelinghuysen
     Gallegly
     Gerlach
     Giffords
     Gilchrest
     Gillibrand
     Gillmor
     Gohmert
     Gonzalez
     Goode
     Goodlatte
     Gordon
     Granger
     Green, Al
     Green, Gene
     Grijalva
     Gutierrez
     Hall (NY)
     Hall (TX)
     Hare
     Harman
     Hastert
     Hastings (FL)
     Hastings (WA)
     Hayes
     Herger
     Herseth Sandlin
     Higgins
     Hill
     Hinchey
     Hinojosa
     Hirono
     Hobson
     Hodes
     Hoekstra
     Holden
     Holt
     Honda
     Hooley
     Hoyer
     Hulshof
     Hunter
     Inslee
     Israel
     Jackson (IL)
     Jackson-Lee (TX)
     Jefferson
     Johnson (GA)
     Johnson, E. B.
     Jones (NC)
     Jones (OH)
     Kagen
     Kanjorski
     Kaptur
     Keller
     Kennedy
     Kildee
     Kilpatrick
     Kind
     King (NY)
     Kirk
     Klein (FL)
     Knollenberg
     Kucinich
     Kuhl (NY)
     LaHood
     Lampson
     Langevin
     Lantos
     Larsen (WA)
     Larson (CT)
     Latham
     LaTourette
     Lee
     Levin
     Lewis (CA)
     Lewis (GA)
     Lewis (KY)
     Lipinski
     LoBiondo
     Loebsack
     Lofgren, Zoe
     Lowey
     Lucas
     Lynch
     Mahoney (FL)
     Maloney (NY)
     Manzullo
     Markey
     Marshall
     Matheson
     Matsui
     McCarthy (CA)
     McCarthy (NY)
     McCotter
     McCrery
     McDermott
     McGovern
     McHenry
     McHugh
     McIntyre
     McKeon
     McMorris Rodgers
     McNerney
     McNulty
     Meek (FL)
     Meeks (NY)
     Melancon
     Mica
     Michaud
     Miller (MI)
     Miller (NC)
     Miller, Gary
     Miller, George
     Mitchell
     Mollohan
     Moore (KS)
     Moore (WI)
     Moran (KS)
     Moran (VA)
     Murphy (CT)
     Murphy, Tim
     Nadler
     Napolitano
     Neal (MA)
     Norton
     Nunes
     Oberstar
     Obey
     Olver
     Ortiz
     Pallone
     Pascrell
     Pastor
     Paul
     Payne
     Perlmutter
     Peterson (MN)
     Peterson (PA)
     Pickering
     Pitts
     Platts
     Poe
     Pomeroy
     Porter
     Price (NC)
     Pryce (OH)
     Putnam
     Radanovich
     Rahall
     Rangel
     Regula
     Rehberg
     Reichert
     Renzi
     Reyes
     Reynolds
     Rodriguez
     Rogers (AL)
     Rogers (KY)
     Ros-Lehtinen
     Ross
     Rothman
     Roybal-Allard
     Ruppersberger
     Rush
     Ryan (OH)
     Salazar
     Sanchez, Linda T.
     Sanchez, Loretta
     Sarbanes
     Saxton
     Schakowsky
     Schiff
     Schmidt
     Schwartz
     Scott (GA)
     Scott (VA)
     Serrano
     Sestak
     Shays
     Shea-Porter
     Sherman
     Shuler
     Shuster
     Simpson
     Sires
     Skelton
     Slaughter
     Smith (NE)
     Smith (NJ)
     Smith (TX)
     Smith (WA)
     Snyder
     Solis
     Space
     Spratt
     Stupak
     Sutton
     Tanner
     Tauscher
     Taylor
     Thompson (CA)
     Thompson (MS)
     Tiahrt
     Tiberi
     Tierney
     Towns
     Turner
     Udall (CO)
     Udall (NM)
     Upton
     Van Hollen
     Velazquez
     Visclosky
     Walberg
     Walden (OR)
     Walsh (NY)
     Walz (MN)
     Wamp
     Wasserman Schultz
     Waters
     Watson
     Watt
     Waxman
     Weiner
     Welch (VT)
     Weller
     Wexler
     Whitfield
     Wicker
     Wilson (NM)
     Wilson (OH)
     Wilson (SC)
     Wolf
     Woolsey
     Wu
     Wynn
     Yarmuth
     Young (AK)
     Young (FL)

[[Page H8102]]



                             NOT VOTING--8

     Bordallo
     Brown, Corrine
     Davis, Jo Ann
     Faleomavaega
     McCollum (MN)
     Murtha
     Stark
     Tancredo


                      Announcement by the Chairman

  The CHAIRMAN (during the vote). Members are advised there is 1 minute 
remaining on this vote.

                              {time}  2208

  So the amendment was rejected.
  The result of the vote was announced as above recorded.
  Mr. OBEY. Mr. Chairman, I move to strike the last word.
  The Acting CHAIRMAN (Mr. Lynch). The gentleman is recognized for 5 
minutes.
  Mr. OBEY. I yield to the gentleman from New York.
  Mr. NADLER. Mr. Chairman, I first want to thank Chairman Obey for 
including $50 million for treating the health needs of 9/11 first 
responders from all over the country in this bill. Without his 
leadership, the heroes of 9/11 would still be waiting for the Federal 
funding they so desperately need for medical treatment following their 
work at Ground Zero. Although this funding is an important step, we 
need so much more.
  Just this morning the New York Times revealed a new study by the 
Department of Health and Human Services that says that the cost of 
treating 9/11 illnesses will reach $20 million a month, $20 million a 
month by the end of this year.
  The Federal Government must drastically increase its funding 
commitment if it is to fulfill its obligation to those suffering the 
health effects of 9/11. But today's bill is at least a first step.
  We have all heard the harrowing stories of those first responders, 
firefighters, police officers, emergency medical technicians and 
countless others from all around the country who responded and put 
their own lives in danger to save others. But they are not the only 
victims of the environmental disaster that resulted from the attacks on 
the World Trade Center.
  The toxic mixture of asbestos, mercury, benzene, dioxins, jet fuel 
and other harmful substances landed inside apartments and schools and 
office buildings. The dust settled onto furniture and carpets and onto 
curtains and air ducts.
  Before buildings in Lower Manhattan had ever been tested to insure 
that they were safe to reoccupy, residents were urged by the EPA to 
return to their homes near Ground Zero, and students were sent back to 
school, where they breathed poisonous dust for months.
  Residents and students followed EPA instructions to clean up the dust 
in their apartments with a ``wet mop or a wet rag,'' a completely 
inadequate, not to say illegal, method for cleaning up asbestos and 
other toxic materials.
  Students at Stuyvesant High School returned to a building that sat 
next to enormous piles of toxic debris being carted off to landfills. 
To this day, there has been no comprehensive testing or cleanup of 
World Trade Center dust in buildings in Lower Manhattan and Brooklyn 
and Jersey City. More than 5 years later, an increasing number of 
residents and students are now becoming ill from 9/11 toxins.

                              {time}  2215

  Residents and students, in addition to first responders, should be 
eligible for 9/11 health funding as our colleagues in the Senate seek 
to do but this bill does not do.
  I had planned to offer an amendment that would have made residents 
and students eligible for 9/11 health funding, too. I will not offer 
that amendment tonight, but I will express the hope that the chairman 
will support, as we go forward, the work to provide treatment to the 
tens and thousands of residents and students who are now suffering and 
will suffer the health effects of 9/11. And I hope we will accede to 
the Senate version of the bill.
  On a separate matter, I would also like to say that I am extremely 
pleased to see that $39 million has been included in this bill for arts 
and education. In past years I have had to offer amendments to add 
funds in this area, but for the first time we have a bill before us 
that does a very good job in arts and education. The funds provided in 
this bill are vital as they bring the arts to schoolchildren across the 
country, many of whom would otherwise have no other opportunity to 
experience the arts.
  I again thank the chairman for his initiative in this respect.
  Mr. WALSH of New York. Mr. Chairman, I move to strike the last word.
  The Acting CHAIRMAN. The gentleman is recognized for 5 minutes.
  Mr. WALSH of New York. Mr. Chairman, I would just like to remind my 
good friend and colleague from New York City that I too am a New Yorker 
and that I was there with a number of Members of Congress and the 
President after the attack occurred, and I spent a good deal of time 
talking with the workers, construction workers, the telephone company 
people, the police and firemen. And the impression of their sacrifice 
and their commitment to those people who were lost that day was burned 
into my memory. Ever since that day, it has been a priority of mine to 
make sure that those individuals were provided for in every way 
possible.
  So I just want to remind my colleague from New York City that I, as a 
member of the New York delegation from Syracuse, care very deeply about 
those individuals and providing these funds in this bill was a very 
high priority of mine, and I thank the chairman for working with me on 
that.
  Mr. Chairman, I yield back the balance of my time.
  Mr. OBEY. Mr. Chairman, I move to strike the last word.
  The Acting CHAIRMAN. The gentleman from Wisconsin is recognized for 5 
minutes.
  Mr. OBEY. Mr. Chairman, I yield to the gentlewoman from California.
  Ms. LEE. Mr. Chairman, first let me thank our chairman for yielding 
and just say to him once again thank you for a bill which really does 
make the forward-thinking investments in our Nation that we so 
critically need.
  The values of a country are really demonstrated through its funding 
priorities, and I think when you look at this subcommittee and the 
priorities of it, we can really determine what our great Nation values 
as being a priority. So let me, even though I talked for a few minutes 
yesterday, I want to make a few general remarks about some additional 
issues that this bill addresses.
  First, let me just briefly discuss how this bill addresses the 
dropout crisis that this Nation is facing.
  Forty years ago the United States was number one in the world in 
terms of high school graduation rates. Today it ranks seventh. About 
one-third of the students who enter ninth grade each fall will not 
graduate from high school within 4 years, if at all. High school 
students living in low-income families drop out of school at six times 
the rate of their peers from high-income families.
  Dropout rates are especially high in communities of color. Only about 
55 percent of African American students and 52 percent of Hispanic 
students graduate on time from high school with a regular diploma, 
compared with 78 percent of white students.
  Now, in my district in Oakland, California, which is not unlike other 
districts in urban communities, the graduation rate for African 
American males is 26 percent, mind you, 26 percent. That is about a 75 
percent dropout rate, compared to 57 percent of the graduation rate for 
white males, which still is deplorable.
  We must do better by our children. Nothing less than the future of 
this country is at stake. Yes, black and Latino and low-income children 
deserve a piece of the American Dream also. That is why I am so pleased 
that this bill recognizes that and invests in dropout prevention.
  It includes millions of dollars to increase elementary and secondary 
counseling, a $40 million increase in TRIO, $20 million in GEAR UP. 
Also we add $125 million in 21st Century Community Learning Centers for 
before and after-school programs.
  And let me just mention and highlight the 77 percent increase in 
comprehensive school counseling, which involves making sure that our 
teachers are freed up to do what they do best, and that is teach. This 
increase allows for counselors, psychologists, social workers, and 
psychiatrists to really help in our schools in terms of making sure 
that young people who are demonstrating the need for intervention early 
on receive the type of assistance

[[Page H8103]]

before the situation gets out of control. This is so critical in terms 
of school safety because, of course, many of the issues that we have 
witnessed around the country in terms of violence on campuses, if we 
had just intervened earlier with the proper support staff, counselors, 
social workers, those situations may not have occurred. So I am very 
pleased that we have an increase for our counseling program.
  Another critical issue facing many of our communities is the issue of 
re-entry and ex-offender programs, which this bill recognizes and makes 
a modest increase with a little bit over $26 million in reintegration 
and ex-offender programs and real focuses on youthful offenders. We 
must do everything to prevent, I mean prevent, the vicious cycle of 
recidivism in this Nation, and that means working to ensure that re-
entry programs are available. So this bill recognizes that employment 
and mentoring and transitional services do reduce recidivism and help 
individuals stay out of jail. So this provision is an excellent crime 
prevention measure which also helps formerly incarcerated individuals 
get their lives together.
  On the issue of HIV/AIDS, of course, this bill provides important 
increases in funding for our domestic HIV/AIDS programs. Specifically, 
the addition of $100 million for the Ryan White CARE Act and the 
additional $3.5 million is especially welcomed given the largely flat 
funding we have had for this important program.
  The state of emergency in my district is a state of emergency as it 
relates to the African American community and the HIV/AIDS pandemic. We 
need really to declare a state of emergency nationally. We need a 
Federal state of emergency as it relates to HIV/AIDS.
  Finally, let me just say thank you, Mr. Chairman, for recognizing the 
fact that there is a disparity in the rates of unemployment in the 
black community and in the Latino community and in the Native American 
community and for directing the Secretary of Labor to develop a 
specific plan to develop these disparities.
  Thank you very much for a great bill, Chairman Obey.


               Amendment Offered by Mr. Davis of Kentucky

  Mr. DAVIS of Kentucky. Mr. Chairman, I offer an amendment.
  The Acting CHAIRMAN. Without objection, the Clerk will report the 
amendment.
  There was no objection.
  The Clerk read as follows:

       Amendment offered by Mr. Davis of Kentucky:
       Page 125, after line 2, insert the following:
       Sec. 522. None of the funds made available in this Act may 
     be used to pay a bonus or other performance-based cash award 
     to any employee of the Social Security Administration or the 
     Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services who holds a position 
     to which such employee was appointed by the President, by and 
     with the advice and consent of the Senate, or a Senior 
     Executive Service position (as defined by section 3132 of 
     title 5, United States Code).

  The Acting CHAIRMAN. Pursuant to the order of the House of today, the 
gentleman from Kentucky (Mr. Davis) and a Member opposed each will 
control 5 minutes.
  The Chair recognizes the gentleman from Kentucky.
  Mr. DAVIS of Kentucky. Mr. Chairman, I rise today to offer an 
amendment that would restrict funds allocated in this bill from being 
used to pay a bonus or other performance-based cash award to any 
employee of the Social Security Administration or the Centers for 
Medicare and Medicaid Services who is a presidential employee or a 
member of the Senior Executive Service. Neither agency would ever 
survive as a private business trying to make a profit based upon their 
constituent service abilities which are often inefficient and inept.
  The premise is simple. Bonus pay is for exemplary work. It is my 
opinion that the American people are not getting exemplary work from 
the SSA and the CMS. Therefore, the management of the agency, as in the 
private sector, should not be eligible for bonus pay and should be 
accountable for their performance.
  In March of 2006, my office received a call from a concerned 
constituent who was having a problem with the withholding of Medicare 
part D premiums from his Social Security check. After an intensive 
investigation by my staff, we discovered that this was a widespread 
problem that affected hundreds of thousands of Medicare beneficiaries 
who have changed their prescription drug benefit plans.
  After enrolling in a Medicare prescription drug plan during early 
enrollment and arranging for his premium to be deducted from his Social 
Security check, my constituent determined that his initial choice of a 
plan didn't fit his medical needs. He then decided to change his plan 
and his payment method, opting this time for direct payment instead of 
deduction from his Social Security check.
  However, when he received his check, he realized that his premium for 
his initial selection was still being withheld. He attempted to address 
these problems himself with both CMS and SSA. He worked with them for 3 
months without success. After contacting my office, my constituent 
liaison had more than a dozen exchanges with CMS and SSA over the next 
6 months. Repeatedly, he was told by one agency that it was the other 
agency's fault. Several times he was told that the problem had been 
resolved and it would be reflected in the next Social Security check 
but never was. By this time our constituent had to live within an 
enormously reduced Social Security check for 9 months. My office had 
actively engaged on his behalf for 6 months, and my constituent is 
frustrated and angry. CMS and SSA say it is not their problem, and my 
constituent's hard-earned money is unaccounted for.
  If the Social Security Administration was able to stop paying the 
plan provider by April of 2006, which is still an outrageously long 
period of time, then surely they would have been able to stop the 
withholding of the plan premium for my constituent 10 months after the 
fact.
  Mr. Chairman, this is not only unacceptable; it is outrageous. For 
the millions of seniors in Kentucky and across the country that live on 
a fixed income or who are struggling to make ends meet, unnecessarily 
withholding these funds can create serious cash-flow problems. It is 
inappropriate to reward management of these organizations for taking 
money away from our seniors.
  In the roll-out of a program as large as Medicare part D, there are 
bound to be bumps in the road. That is completely understandable. 
However, that it should take 11 months to resolve an issue like this is 
incomprehensible.
  This story represents only one of the most egregious examples. The 
problem is not one of individual case managers in the departments but 
rather a systemic inefficiency and cultural problem, bureaucratic 
attitudes that involve shifting blame as opposed to working actively to 
take responsibility for problems in their departments and then solving 
them. It often requires multiple inquiries and sometimes several months 
to even get a status update on a case. Getting to the root of the issue 
and fixing a problem can take upwards of a year. This is simply 
unacceptable.
  The amendment I wanted to offer would have conditioned the payment of 
bonuses based on reports to Congress by both agencies detailing how 
they are addressing these issues. Unfortunately, the Parliamentarian 
has informed me that such an amendment would constitute changing 
existing law in an appropriations bill and be subject to a point of 
order.
  Therefore, I am offering only a straight prohibition against the 
payment of bonuses for the coming fiscal year. I think this is 
something that both sides of the aisle can agree on. It is my sincere 
hope that the chairmen and ranking members of the Appropriations, Ways 
and Means, and Energy and Commerce Committees will work with both 
agencies and with me to improve the service delivered to our 
constituents.
  If you are going to receive performance-based bonuses, then I think 
your performance needs to be exceptional. When we are causing seniors 
frustration and unnecessary problems with their hard-earned money, I 
don't view that as a satisfactory performance, let alone performance 
that should be rewarded with a taxpayer-funded bonus.
  In conclusion, if you believe that the performance of CMS and SSA 
exceeds your expectations, then you should oppose this amendment.

[[Page H8104]]

  However, if you believe, as I do, that both agencies are performing 
well below expectations in meeting the needs of our senior citizens, 
then I urge you to support my amendment to prohibit bonus pay for those 
responsible for running these agencies in the coming fiscal year.
  Mr. Chairman, I reserve the balance of my time.

                              {time}  2230

  Mr. OBEY. Mr. Chairman, I rise in opposition to the amendment.
  The Acting CHAIRMAN. The gentleman from Wisconsin is recognized for 5 
minutes.
  Mr. OBEY. Mr. Chairman, the amendment offered would not permit the 
Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services or the Social Security 
Administration to pay a bonus or performance-based cash awards to 
Presidential appointees who are not eligible for bonuses, or to senior 
executive personnel who are, by definition, eligible for bonuses. 
Frankly, I don't understand why the gentleman would want to stop CMS or 
SSA from awarding employees who are eligible for bonuses if they're 
achieving exemplary performance. The fact is that senior executive 
service personnel are specifically eligible for bonuses and are paid on 
the basis of performance.
  The gentleman's amendment would overturn the entire personnel policy 
of the agencies. And I really don't think that makes much sense on the 
basis of a 10-minute debate at 10:30 at night, especially when this 
matter is not within the jurisdiction of the Appropriations Committee. 
This is something which ought to be dealt with by the authorizing 
committee.
  I'm sure that many Members have frustrations with the performance of 
many agencies from time to time, and I'm sure sometimes we're pulling 
our hair, but that doesn't mean that we ought to have an across-the-
board policy that penalizes people across the board because someone 
didn't perform up to someone else's standards. So, I would respectfully 
urge a ``no'' vote on the amendment.
  I would be happy to work with the gentleman. If there is a specific 
problem which can be ironed out by talking to the agency, I would be 
happy to help in that respect. But I don't think I will overturn the 
entire personnel policy of the United States for these people because 
one Member, on the basis of a 10-minute debate, thinks that that ought 
to be done.
  Mr. Chairman, I reserve the balance of my time.
  Mr. DAVIS of Kentucky. I appreciate the distinguished chairman's 
comments and perspective on this.
  The one thing that I would share is I think we're dealing with some 
cultural challenges in the customer service responsiveness of many of 
the agencies.
  Oftentimes in this Chamber, we highlight the poor performance of 
private corporations in their management, but having worked in helping 
businesses turn around and reform their practices, one of the things 
that I've noticed, especially in corporations that are successful in 
transforming their culture, the executives, the management leadership 
at those corporations, take personal responsibility and have a 
significant personal stake in the performance of every level of their 
department. I think this requires across-the-board change.
  Madam Chairman, I yield back the balance of my time.
  Mr. OBEY. I yield back.
  The CHAIRMAN. The question is on the amendment offered by the 
gentleman from Kentucky (Mr. Davis).
  The question was taken; and the Chairman announced that the noes 
appeared to have it.
  Mr. DAVIS of Kentucky. Madam Chairman, I demand a recorded vote.
  The CHAIRMAN. Pursuant to clause 6 of rule XVIII, further proceedings 
on the amendment offered by the gentleman from Kentucky will be 
postponed.


                     Amendment Offered by Mr. Hare

  Mr. HARE. Madam Chairman, I offer an amendment.
  The CHAIRMAN. Without objection, the Clerk will report the amendment.
  The Clerk read as follows:

       Amendment offered by Mr. Hare:
       At the end of the bill (before the short title), insert the 
     following:
       Section ___. (a) Section 9320(k) of the Omnibus Budget 
     Reconciliation Act of 1986 (42 U.S.C. 1395k note), as amended 
     by section 6132 of the Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act of 
     1989, is amended by adding at the end the following:
       ``(3) Any facility that qualifies as a critical access 
     hospital (as defined in section 1861(mm)(1) of the Social 
     Security Act) shall be treated as being located in a rural 
     area for purposes of paragraph (1) regardless of any 
     geographic reclassification of the facility, including such a 
     reclassification of the county in which the facility is 
     located as an urban county (also popularly known as a Lugar 
     county) under section 1886(d)(8)(B) of the Social Security 
     Act.''.
       (b) The amendment made by subsection (a) shall apply to 
     calendar years beginning on or after the date of the 
     enactment of this Act (regardless of whether the geographic 
     reclassification of a critical access hospital occurred 
     before, on, or after such date).

  Mr. OBEY. Madam Chairman, I reserve a point of order on the 
amendment.
  The CHAIRMAN. The gentleman reserves a point of order.
  Pursuant to the order of the House of today, the gentleman from 
Illinois (Mr. Hare) and a Member opposed each will control 5 minutes.
  The Chair recognizes the gentleman from Illinois.
  Mr. HARE. Madam Chairman, I yield myself such time as I may consume.
  Madam Chairman, my amendment deals with critical access hospitals and 
their ability to provide crucial surgical services to rural 
communities.
  Recently, three of these hospitals in my district have fallen prey to 
a narrow interpretation by the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid 
Services that now prevents them from providing basic surgical services.
  The CAH program was created as a Federal reimbursement system for 
small rural hospitals. Providing cost-based reimbursement through 
Medicare allows CAHs to be a vital part of the safety net for my small 
communities in my district. This reimbursement allows these rural 
hospitals to provide both emergency and primary care services for the 
elderly and disadvantaged. In particular, CAH reimbursements for 
Certified Registered Nurse Anesthetists enable tens of thousands of 
citizens in medically underserved areas to access surgical services 
every year.
  Until December 31, 2006, the CAHs were being reimbursed for CRNA 
services. Now, in 2007, a new interpretation of the law excludes CAHs 
whose counties have gone through a reclassification process due to a 
new census process known as ``Lugar counties.''
  No new law has said that these CAHs should no longer be reimbursed 
for CRNA services, however. Now CAHs are being denied their CRNA pass-
through payments. Most hospitals affected expect to average losses 
between $45,000 and $100,000; a drop in the bucket in overall health 
care dollars. But to these hospitals, this effectively terminates their 
ability to provide emergency surgical services. My amendment would fix 
the law to ensure that if a hospital is designated as a critical access 
hospital, then it is reimbursed for CRNA services.
  Congress intended for CAHs to assist rural communities with limited 
access to health care services. I am committed to rectifying this 
unfair and harmful application of the law.
  I would now like to yield to the gentleman from Wisconsin, the 
chairman of the Appropriations Committee, Mr. Obey.
  Mr. OBEY. Well, let me simply say I would like to be helpful to the 
gentleman, but my problem is that the gentleman's amendment, I believe, 
is subject to a point of order. I would hope that the gentleman would 
withdraw the amendment and we could try to work together with the 
committee of jurisdiction to try to help get a favorable result for the 
gentleman's concerns.
  Mr. HARE. I thank you, Mr. Chairman.
  Reclaiming my time, I want to thank Chairman Obey for his wonderful 
work as the leader of our Appropriations Committee, and I look forward 
to working with you and this Congress to address this serious issue.
  Madam Chairman, I ask unanimous consent to withdraw my amendment.
  The CHAIRMAN. Without objection, the amendment is withdrawn.
  There was no objection.


                   Amendment Offered by Mr. Pascrell

  Mr. PASCRELL. Madam Chairman, I offer an amendment.
  The CHAIRMAN. Without objection, the Clerk will report the amendment.

[[Page H8105]]

  There was no objection.
  The Clerk read as follows:

       Amendment offered by Mr. Pascrell:
       At the end of the bill (before the short title) insert the 
     following:

                                TITLE VI

                     ADDITIONAL GENERAL PROVISIONS

       Sec. 601. The amounts otherwise provided by this Act are 
     revised by reducing the amount made available for the 
     ``Department of Labor Departmental Management Salaries and 
     Expenses'', by reducing the amount made available for the 
     ``Department of Health and Human Services Departmental 
     Management Office of the Secretary General Departmental 
     Management'', by reducing the amount made available for the 
     ``Department of Education Departmental Management Program 
     Administration'', by increasing the amount made available for 
     the ``Department of Health and Human Services Health 
     Resources and Services Administration Health Resources and 
     Services'', and by increasing the amount made available for 
     the ``Department of Health and Human Services Centers for 
     Disease Control and Prevention Disease Control, Research, and 
     Training'' by $424,666, $424,667, $424,667, $1,090,000, and 
     $184,000, respectively.

  Mr. OBEY. Madam Chairman, I reserve a point of order on the 
amendment.
  The CHAIRMAN. The gentleman reserves a point of order.
  Pursuant to the order of the House of today, the gentleman from New 
Jersey (Mr. Pascrell) and a Member opposed each will control 5 minutes.
  The Chair recognizes the gentleman from New Jersey.
  Mr. PASCRELL. Madam Chairman, I rise to offer an amendment to provide 
an additional $1,274,000 for programs making up the Traumatic Brain 
Injury Act, a modest increase for a vital public health program.
  Traumatic brain injury is the signature injury of the war in Iraq and 
Afghanistan. The Congressional Brain Injury Task Force is extremely 
grateful for the increased funding for both the Department of Defense 
and the Department of Veterans Affairs to address these needs of our 
injured servicemembers.
  TBI is a civilian epidemic as well. 5.3 million Americans currently 
living with a long-term disability as a result of TBI and the 1.4 
million new TBI cases occurring each year at an annual cost of $60 
billion clearly illustrate Congress' responsibility to provide adequate 
funding for the TBI Act.
  The TBI Act is the only Federal law that specifically addresses this 
major public health problem, provides a foundation for State health 
departments and Federal agencies to combat the Nation's leading cause 
of disability for children and adults. Without adequate funding, the 
program and the progress made to date will be jeopardized, thereby 
diminishing the Federal investment during the last 10 years and 
severely limiting the Nation's ability to address the complex needs of 
individuals with traumatic brain injury.
  This funding for the Traumatic Brain Injury Act will help strengthen 
and improve State systems, preserve and strengthen families, foster 
community living, and assist States in preventing traumatic brain 
injury.
  Madam Chairman, I yield to the gentleman from Wisconsin.
  Mr. OBEY. Madam Chairman, let me simply say that I fully support the 
intent of the gentleman's amendment, and I think our friends on the 
other side of the aisle do, too. The problem is that, while this is an 
ongoing program, it is not an authorized program, and that means that 
under the rules of the House it is subject to point of order, which I'm 
obligated to lodge. So I would simply ask the gentleman if he would be 
willing to withdraw his amendment. I'm sure that both sides of the 
aisle would be willing to try to work between here and conference to 
find ways to accomplish the purpose of the gentleman's amendment, but 
at this time, in order to treat everyone fairly, I would feel required 
to lodge a point of order against the amendment.
  Mr. WALSH of New York. Will the gentleman yield?
  Mr. PASCRELL. I will yield.
  Mr. WALSH of New York. I thank the gentleman for yielding.
  I absolutely agree with the chairman; this is an issue that we all 
feel very deeply about. And in order to be consistent with all Members, 
if an amendment is out of order, we will enforce the rule. But I will 
absolutely work with the chairman and with the gentleman from New 
Jersey to try to remedy this before we get through the conference.
  Mr. PASCRELL. I want to thank the chairman and the ranking member.
  Madam Chairman, I ask unanimous consent to withdraw my amendment.
  The CHAIRMAN. Without objection, the amendment is withdrawn.
  There was no objection.


               Amendment Offered by Mr. Scott of Virginia

  Mr. SCOTT of Virginia. Madam Chairman, I offer an amendment.
  The CHAIRMAN. Without objection, the Clerk will report the amendment.
  The Clerk read as follows:

       Amendment offered by Mr. Scott of Virginia:
       At the end of the bill (before the short title), insert the 
     following:
       Sec. ___. None of the funds made available in this Act may 
     be used to carry out the student drug testing pilot program 
     of the Department of Education. The preceding sentence does 
     not prohibit the use of funds to complete the evaluation of 
     the program currently taking place and does not prohibit the 
     use of funds to carry out the program if the evaluation 
     determines that the program is cost-effective.

  Mr. SCOTT of Virginia (during the reading). Madam Chairman, I ask 
unanimous consent that the amendment be considered as read and printed 
in the Record.
  The CHAIRMAN. Is there objection to the request of the gentleman from 
Virginia?
  There was no objection.
  Mr. OBEY. Madam Chairman, I reserve a point of order against the 
amendment.
  The CHAIRMAN. The gentleman from Wisconsin reserves a point of order.
  Pursuant to the order of the House of today, the gentleman from 
Virginia (Mr. Scott) and a Member opposed each will control 5 minutes.
  The Chair recognizes the gentleman from Virginia.
  Mr. SCOTT of Virginia. Madam Chairman, I yield myself such time as I 
may consume.
  This amendment would restrict funds in the bill from being used to 
fund the Random Student Drug Testing program run by the U.S. Department 
of Education. The amendment would allow, however, the evaluation of the 
program being conducted by the Department to continue, and if the 
evaluation shows that the program is cost effective, the funding would 
be restored.
  For the past several years, the Department has been using money 
designated for the Safe and Drug-Free Schools program to conduct random 
school-based student drug testing programs.

                              {time}  2245

  The problem is, Madam Chair, that this program has been studied and 
found ineffective. In 2003, the National Institute on Drug Abuse 
conducted a study that found that there was no difference between drug 
use in schools that tested for drugs and those that did not. The study 
found that the drug testing at schools did not affect either the 
prevalence or frequency of drug use.
  Furthermore, such testing is very expensive. The cost of these tests 
can range between $10 and $75 each. Indeed, one school conducting 
random drug testing found that only a small fraction of its students 
actually tested positive, resulting in a cost of over $3,000 for every 
positive result.
  My amendment would prohibit money from being spent on the drug 
testing program until the program has been shown to be cost effective, 
because we should not be spending taxpayer dollars on programs that are 
not cost effective. At this point, the drug testing program has not 
been proven to meet that standard. This amendment would prohibit the 
Department from wasting the taxpayers' money on student drug testing 
until the Department shows that the program is cost effective.
  Madam Chair, I yield to the gentleman from Wisconsin, who I believe 
will insist on his point of order.
  Mr. OBEY. Madam Chair, I again regrettably will have to insist on the 
point of order. I understand the gentleman's concerns and I share them. 
Sometimes I win arguments and sometimes I don't. I take some comfort in 
the fact that even Babe Ruth struck out over 1,400 times.
  Having said that, I would simply say that I would appreciate if the 
gentleman could withdraw his amendment.

[[Page H8106]]

If he cannot, then I will have to lodge a point of order against it in 
order to be consistent in terms of the way we treat all Members.
  Mr. SCOTT of Virginia. Madam Chairman, it is my understanding from 
the Parliamentarian that the point of order would be well taken, so I 
ask unanimous consent to withdraw my amendment.
  The CHAIRMAN. Without objection, the amendment is withdrawn.
  There was no objection.


                    Amendment Offered by Mr. Gingrey

  Mr. GINGREY. Madam Chairman, I offer an amendment.
  The CHAIRMAN. The Clerk will designate the amendment.
  The text of the amendment is as follows:

       Amendment offered by Mr. Gingrey:
       At the end of the bill (before the short title), insert the 
     following:

                                TITLE VI

                     ADDITIONAL GENERAL PROVISIONS

       Sec. 601. None of the funds made available in this Act may 
     be used to establish or implement any requirement that 
     individuals receive vaccination for human papillomavirus 
     (HPV) as a condition of school admittance or matriculation.

  The CHAIRMAN. Pursuant to the order of the House of today, the 
gentleman from Georgia (Mr. Gingrey) and a Member opposed each will 
control 5 minutes.
  The Chair recognizes the gentleman from Georgia.
  Mr. GINGREY. Madam Chairman, I rise in support of the amendment that 
I am offering along with the gentleman from Ohio, Representative Jim 
Jordan. This amendment would ensure that none of the funds made 
available in this act may be used to establish or implement any 
requirement that individuals receive vaccinations of the human 
papillomavirus, or HPV, as a condition of school admittance or 
matriculation.
  Essentially, the amendment would serve as an incentive to States to 
keep HPV vaccination programs voluntary and not mandatory.
  Madam Chairman, at least 24 States have entertained legislation which 
takes the unprecedented step of requiring young girls to be vaccinated 
against HPV. I say ``unprecedented'' because HPV is not a communicable 
disease. It is not mumps. It is not measles. You don't get it by 
sneezing or sharing a juice box over recess. HPV is, in fact, a 
sexually transmitted disease. As such, vaccination should not be 
mandatory to attend school.
  Indeed, Madam Chairman, we urgently need to address this issue. The 
Commonwealth of Virginia has already enacted a vaccine mandate into 
law. The District of Columbia City Council has passed one that is 
awaiting congressional action.
  Madam Chairman, there are many reasons parents and students might 
object to mandatory HPV vaccination, from age appropriateness, indeed, 
initially, in the State of Texas it was going to be required for 
admission to middle school for fifth and sixth graders, and concerns 
over vaccine safety. I could go on. But whatever the reason, it is a 
discussion for parents and physicians, not legislators and bureaucrats.
  Madam Chairman, excluding children from school for refusal to be 
vaccinated for a disease that is spread only by sexual intercourse is a 
serious, precedent-setting action that trespasses on the rights of 
parents to make medical decisions for their children, as well as on the 
rights of children to attend school. A mandatory HPV vaccine program 
improperly and unnecessarily inserts the government into lives of 
children, parents and physicians.
  The American College of Pediatricians is opposed to it. The 
Association of American Physicians and Surgeons is opposed to it. We 
need to make sure that these programs are not mandatory.
  Madam Chairman, I reserve the balance of my time.
  Mr. OBEY. Madam Chairman, I move to strike the last word.
  The CHAIRMAN. The gentleman from Wisconsin is recognized for 5 
minutes.
  Mr. OBEY. Madam Chairman, I am willing to accept the amendment on 
this side of the aisle because we think that while it is well-
intentioned, it has no impact. I would like to explain what I mean. The 
CDC is responsible for making recommendations for vaccines along with 
immunization advisory committees. But decisions on whether any vaccine 
should be a mandatory requirement for school admittance or 
matriculation is the responsibility of State and local governments and 
school districts.
  The HPV vaccine is recommended for females age 9 to 26. It protects 
these young women against the cause of the majority of cervical 
cancers. While it has been made a requirement for schools in some 
cities and States around the country, these decisions were made 
locally, not by the CDC or HHS. Because no Federal funds are used to 
establish such requirements, we do not object to the gentleman's 
amendment.
  Mr. GINGREY. If the gentleman will yield, I say to the gentleman, of 
course, Federal funds could definitely be used in a situation where a 
child is eligible for SCHIP or the Medicaid program. In this amendment, 
Federal dollars would not be used for that purpose.
  At this time, Madam Chairman, I would like to yield to my good friend 
from Ohio (Mr. Jordan).
  Mr. JORDAN of Ohio. I thank the gentleman for yielding.
  The CHAIRMAN. The gentleman will suspend.
  The gentleman from Wisconsin has yielded to the gentleman from 
Georgia.
  Mr. OBEY. I would be happy to yield very briefly, but I would 
emphasize ``briefly'' because we've got a lot of work to do yet 
tonight.
  I've seen people lose their amendments on the floor when they didn't 
accept the acceptance by the committee.
  Mr. JORDAN of Ohio. I have put my notes away. I understand.
  Madam Chairman, I want to thank the gentleman from Georgia for his 
work and the chairman for yielding time and the ranking member as well.
  Look, this amendment is real simple. It recognizes a fundamental 
fact: Parents make better decisions than government does. And even 
though a few parents in some situations make poor decisions about the 
well-being of their children, in the vast majority of cases they make 
infinitely better decisions than the government, bureaucrats and 
politicians ever make.
  That is why this is good public policy and why I support the 
amendment.
  Mr. OBEY. Madam Chairman, I yield back my time.
  Mr. GINGREY. Madam Chairman, in conclusion, I ask all my colleagues 
on both sides of the aisle, the chairman is going to accept my 
amendment, and I hope that everyone else will.
  Madam Chairman, I yield back the balance of my time.
  The CHAIRMAN. The question is on the amendment offered by the 
gentleman from Georgia (Mr. Gingrey).
  The question was taken; and the Chairman announced that the ayes 
appeared to have it.
  Mr. GINGREY. Madam Chairman, I demand a recorded vote.
  The CHAIRMAN. Pursuant to clause 6 of rule XVIII, further proceedings 
on the amendment offered by the gentleman from Georgia will be 
postponed.
  Mr. OBEY. Madam Chairman, could I ask, did the gentleman ask for a 
recorded vote?
  Mr. GINGREY. To the gentleman from Wisconsin, yes, we did ask.
  Mr. OBEY. Then I withdraw the committee's acceptance of the 
amendment.
  Mr. GINGREY. Madam Chairman, I ask unanimous consent to withdraw my 
request for a recorded vote.
  Mr. OBEY. Madam Chairman, I thank the gentleman, and I renew the 
committee's acceptance of the amendment.
  The CHAIRMAN. Without objection, the amendment is agreed to by voice 
vote.
  There was no objection.


                 Amendment No. 8 Offered by Mr. Ehlers

  Mr. EHLERS. Madam Chairman, I offer an amendment.
  The CHAIRMAN. The Clerk will designate the amendment.
  The text of the amendment is as follows:

       Amendment No. 8 offered by Mr. Ehlers:
       Page 125, after line 2, insert the following:
       Sec. 522. The amounts otherwise provided by this Act are 
     revised by reducing the amount made available for 
     ``DEPARTMENT OF LABOR--Departmental Management--Salaries and 
     Expenses'', and increasing the amount made available for 
     ``DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION--School Improvement Programs'' (for 
     activities authorized by part B of title II of the Elementary 
     and Secondary Education Act of 1965), by $15,665,760.

  The CHAIRMAN. Pursuant to the order of the House of today, the 
gentleman from Michigan (Mr. Ehlers)

[[Page H8107]]

and a Member opposed each will control 5 minutes.
  The Chair recognizes the gentleman from Michigan.
  Mr. EHLERS. Madam Chairman, I would like to remind everyone that not 
too many years ago when America was just getting into the space 
program, we were very excited about launching the first satellite into 
space when the Russians launched Sputnik. This was a national disgrace. 
President Eisenhower had to go on national TV to apologize. He set in 
place a large number of science and math programs to get us caught up 
with the Russians.
  The Eisenhower programs continued for many years until we decided to 
write No Child Left Behind, and we killed the Eisenhower funding, which 
was in the neighborhood of $450 million a year to teach teachers how 
properly to teach math and science.
  In its place, we adopted a Math and Science Partnership Program, 
which operates within the Department of Education. However, the 
funding, which was authorized at $450 million, which matched the 
Eisenhower funding of the era before, was never appropriated at a level 
near that. It has gone up slightly each year.
  But this year, even though the appropriations bill increases the No 
Child Left Behind funding by $8.6 percent, it held the funding for Math 
Science Partnerships flat, exactly where they were last year. My 
amendment would increase the Math Science Partnership funding by 
precisely the same percentage as the entire No Child Left Behind Act 
was increased.
  The offset for this I selected is from the Department of Labor in an 
area that was funded far above the President's request. I believe this 
is a reasonable offset. Apparently the CBO agrees. They have scored my 
amendment as a $10 million savings overall.
  So, here I am, proposing an amendment which will improve our math-
science education effort in this Nation. I think it will be very 
advantageous for our teachers and our schools. Furthermore, the offset 
is appropriate, and the entire amendment saves the Federal Government 
$10 million.
  I strongly urge the adoption of this amendment. I believe it is 
reasonable and appropriate.
  Madam Chairman, I am pleased to yield 2 minutes to the gentleman from 
New Jersey (Mr. Holt).
  Mr. HOLT. Madam Chairman, I thank the gentleman for yielding. I also 
thank him for presenting this amendment, similar to an amendment that I 
offered earlier in a larger dollar amount. Perhaps this one will have a 
better chance of success. It still should provide funding for hundreds 
of teachers in each State, to get some of the professional development 
that we have promised them that they need and that will help our 
competitiveness, our quality of life, our economic productivity and the 
science capacity of our students.
  Madam Chairman, we are not doing nearly enough in this area, and 
everyone says so. We should look for every opportunity to enhance our 
science and math education, and start by helping the teachers whom we 
ask to teach these subjects to our students.

                              {time}  2300

  Mr. EHLERS. I thank the gentleman for his comments. Let me reinforce. 
This is a major area of concern. We are losing ground compared to other 
countries. Numerous international tests have displayed that our 
students are not doing nearly as well. That explains in part why we are 
losing business, research funding and manufacturing to other countries 
which are simply outpacing us in their educational effort.
  Madam Chairman, I reserve the balance of my time.
  Mr. OBEY. Madam Chairman, I move to strike the last word.
  The CHAIRMAN. The gentleman from Wisconsin is recognized for 5 
minutes.
  Mr. OBEY. Madam Chairman, I am of a split mind on this amendment, 
just as I was on the previous Holt amendment this evening. I think the 
goal of the amendment is certainly worthwhile; but at the same time I 
am trying to follow a responsible course with respect to the ability of 
executive agencies to function administratively.
  So again I would simply say that I think the fact that this amendment 
is being offered in a way that would draw further funds out of the 
Department of Labor management accounts is another demonstration that 
the White House is dead wrong when they say that this bill contains too 
much money. Virtually every amendment that has been offered tonight on 
both sides of the aisle has been an amendment, with four exceptions, 
that relate to the President's budget, they have all been efforts to 
increase funds. I think that demonstrates that we are substantially 
short of where we really need to be.
  I am not going to mount the barricades to oppose the amendment, but I 
simply have to observe that while the amendment is certainly 
worthwhile, the offset that it proposes is really not a real one, and I 
think we all know when we go to conference we are going to have to 
repair the administrative budget of the agency.
  Having said that, I am not going to ask people to vote against it if 
they want to engage in those kinds of actions on the executive branch's 
administrative functions.
  Madam Chairman, I yield back the balance of my time.
  Mr. WALSH of New York. Madam Chairman, I move to strike the last 
word.
  The CHAIRMAN. The gentleman is recognized for 5 minutes.
  Mr. WALSH of New York. I certainly appreciate the chairman's dilemma. 
I have it also. But I would like to take just a moment to congratulate 
Vern Ehlers and Rush Holt for their leadership. When you come here, 
there are certain things that are important to you, and when you have 
an opportunity to effect them, you should. They are consistently 
supportive of this issue.
  This is a national crisis that we have. They are only trying to 
prepare our kids for the future. And as I understand it, we have 
already cut the Labor Department by about $4 million. This would be 
another 15, so approximately an 8 percent reduction in their overall 
$400 million budget. A slight increase in this, I think, is worth a 
slight decrease on that side, so I will support the amendment.
  Madam Chairman, I yield back the balance of my time.
  Mr. EHLERS. Madam Chairman, I thank the gentleman from New York for 
his comments, and I appreciate his support.
  I also appreciate the dilemma of the gentleman from Wisconsin because 
I previously served on an appropriations committee at the State level 
and had to fight exactly the same battles and make exactly the same 
decisions.
  Let me just remind everyone here that No Child Left Behind was 
increased by 8.6 percent. Math and Science Partnership for some reason 
was left out of that and stayed flat. I am simply asking that it be 
increased the same amount as No Child Left Behind. I am quite willing 
to trust the judgment of the chairman of the Appropriations Committee 
and others in conference to make appropriate adjustments to the Labor 
Department or wherever else adjustments are needed, but I would 
certainly appreciate bringing the Math and Science Partnership funding 
up to exactly the same level that No Child Left Behind has been 
increased because it is part and parcel of No Child Left Behind.
  The CHAIRMAN. The question is on the amendment offered by the 
gentleman from Michigan (Mr. Ehlers).
  The amendment was agreed to.


                 Amendment No. 3 Offered by Mr. Gingrey

  Mr. GINGREY. Madam Chairman, I offer an amendment.
  The CHAIRMAN. The Clerk will designate the amendment.
  The text of the amendment is as follows:

       Amendment No. 3 offered by Mr. Gingrey:
       At the end of the bill (before the short title), insert the 
     following:
       Sec. ___. None of the funds appropriated by this Act may be 
     used by the Commissioner of Social Security or the Social 
     Security Administration to pay the compensation of employees 
     of the Social Security Administration to administer Social 
     Security benefit payments, under any agreement between the 
     United States and Mexico establishing totalization 
     arrangements between the social security system established 
     by title II of the Social Security Act and the social 
     security system of Mexico, which would not otherwise be 
     payable but for such agreement.

  The CHAIRMAN. Pursuant to the order of the House of today, the 
gentleman from Georgia (Mr. Gingrey) and a Member opposed each will 
control 5 minutes.

[[Page H8108]]

  The Chair recognizes the gentleman from Georgia.
  Mr. GINGREY. Madam Chairman, on June 29, 2004, the United States 
Commission of Social Security signed a totalization agreement with the 
director general of Mexican Social Security Institute to coordinate our 
Social Security programs.
  The Social Security Totalization Agreement with Mexico gives those 
who have broken our laws the ability to claim Social Security benefits. 
While current U.S. law prohibits illegal immigrants from receiving 
Social Security benefits, until 2004 the law did permit illegal aliens 
to claim credit for work in the United States. If these individuals 
have amassed over 40 quarters of work, whether their status was legal 
or illegal, they would be eligible for full benefits.
  Considering the ongoing debate over reform and solvency of our Social 
Security system, it is important to first remove financial incentives 
to individuals who undermine our immigration laws and then claim 
benefits, further jeopardizing our U.S. citizens' safety net. The 
Social Security Administration estimates that this totalization 
agreement with Mexico would result in 50,000 additional Mexicans 
qualifying for Social Security benefits in the first 5 years alone. 
This will only added to the problem of Social Security insolvency.
  Without necessary reform, our Social Security system is set to go 
broke by 2042. Nobody disputes that date. However, Mexicans qualifying 
for Social Security benefits would cost the system $650 million a year 
by 2050.
  A totalization agreement between the United States and Mexico is good 
only for Mexico. The Mexican Government requires a citizen, including a 
United States citizen, to pay into their system 24 years as opposed to 
10 in the United States. And because of this disparity, the Social 
Security Administration estimates that only 3,000 American workers 
would be able to claim benefits in Mexico compared to the 50,000 
Mexicans claiming benefits in the United States.
  The United States-Mexico Totalization Agreement, Madam Chairman, is 
bad policy for an already distressed Social Security system and I 
believe an irresponsible way to spend the money of the American 
taxpayer. On top of everything else, the totalization agreement can go 
into effect without congressional approval because it would 
automatically become law within 60 days of being filed by the White 
House if Congress does not act.
  With this in mind, I ask my colleagues to support this amendment, the 
Gingrey amendment, specifically address this problem with Mexico, and 
remove the incentive for the Social Security Administration to fulfill 
the United States-Mexico Social Security Totalization Agreement.
  Madam Chairman, I reserve the balance of my time.
  Mr. BECERRA. Madam Chairman, I move to strike the last word.
  The CHAIRMAN. Is the gentleman opposed to the amendment?
  Mr. BECERRA. I am opposed to the amendment, yes.
  The CHAIRMAN. The gentleman from California is recognized for 5 
minutes.
  Mr. BECERRA. Madam Chairman, I would like to say to my friend, Mr. 
Gingrey, and I think he knows, that there was an amendment accepted in 
committee that addressed any concern that anyone might have with regard 
to any type of totalization agreement that this country might sign with 
a partner, friend, or ally which would require that any totalization 
agreement conform with existing American law and that no law, including 
immigration law, could be violated.
  Secondly, I think the gentleman is aware or should be aware that 
there is no way under existing law that anyone who does not have 
authorization to work in this country, including undocumented 
immigrants, qualify for receipt of Social Security benefits. Therefore, 
I would say to the gentleman that his amendment is not only 
unnecessary, not only overly prescriptive and not only harmful to 
American workers who are called to service in other countries, 
including Mexico, and as a result of their service, whether privately 
or publicly in these other countries, they are paying into a Social 
Security system which they may never have a chance to benefit from. And 
when they come home to the U.S., they may never qualify with enough 
credits, 40 quarters, to qualify for American Social Security benefits. 
We would harm those American workers here in this country under this 
amendment.
  But beyond all that, I think what the gentleman tried to explains 
with regard to his concerns relating to undocumented immigration are 
totally off base because existing law would not allow anyone who works 
in this country without authorization to collect those Social Security 
benefits which he seeks to protect.
  I would also say that of our 10 largest trading partners, we already 
have totalization agreements with seven of them. Two of those trading 
partners don't qualify for totalization agreements, Taiwan and China, 
because they don't have comparable Social Security systems to ours; 
and, therefore, we would not have a way to have a compatible system to 
exchange those benefits among our workers.
  The only one of those top trading partners with whom we have not yet 
finalized a totalization agreement is Mexico. We happen to have 
totalization agreements with 21 of our allies, partners, and close 
friends and neighbors, including countries like Korea, Chile, Ireland, 
Japan, Italy, Spain, and Canada. A totalization agreement with any 
country, including Mexico, must go through this Congress before it 
could ever be approved. It would have to go through a public hearing 
that would be held by the committee of jurisdiction, and each body in 
this Congress would have an opportunity to vote for disapproval in 
which case the totalization agreement signed by any administration 
would not go into effect.

  Finally, we must remember that there are millions of American workers 
who have worked abroad who are impacted by not having a totalization 
agreement. The estimates are that American workers would benefit to the 
tune of $140 million, and that is on a yearly basis, if we had a 
totalization agreement with Mexico because of the large number of 
Americans who go and work in Mexico.
  How much would it cost us to finalize this agreement? The estimates 
are it would cost us about $105 million, less than we would collect for 
our American workers.
  And for comparison purposes, I should mention that the totalization 
agreement we have with Canada cost us $197 million in the year 2002 
alone.
  So this is a good deal for American workers because many of them have 
given a lot of their service, good service, to this country and other 
places outside of the U.S. They should have an opportunity to benefit 
from our Social Security system. They should not be deprived of that 
opportunity simply because they didn't fulfill those 40 quarters all in 
the U.S. That is what totalization agreements are about. They have to 
benefit our country, otherwise they wouldn't be reached. For anyone to 
say otherwise is to mask an argument, perhaps the issue of immigration, 
at the expense of American workers who are trying to get their pension 
and future retirement benefits under Social Security.
  So I would hope that the Members here in the House would recognize 
that we won't reach any totalization agreement with any country unless 
it is in our interest.
  Secondly, it shouldn't be just one country that is singled out if a 
totalization agreement is bad. It should be with any country that it 
doesn't benefit us to have this agreement with.
  Madam Chairman, I reserve the balance of my time.
  Mr. GINGREY. Madam Chairman, I would just say to my friend, the 
gentleman from California, the totalization agreements we have with 
other countries, I think there are some 20 other countries, and this 
totalization agreement with Mexico would cost more than all of those 20 
agreements combined at the 50,000 estimate that I gave.
  In addition to that, the Social Security Administration estimates the 
50,000 number is a significant underestimate. So I feel very strongly 
that at a time when our Social Security system is in such a dire 
crisis, needs significant reform, for us to have a totalization 
agreement with Mexico that in

[[Page H8109]]

fact of course has already been negotiated and signed for all of those 
workers prior to 2004; and, no, it doesn't apply to any after 2004, but 
this is a significant cost that we cannot afford. I urge my colleagues 
to support the amendment.
  Madam Chairman, I yield back the balance of my time.
  Mr. BECERRA. Madam Chairman, I yield myself the such time as I may 
consume.
  I would say to my friend from Georgia that what he is trying to 
accomplish has already been included in the bill, and I would urge my 
friend from Georgia to consider that this looks like he is trying to 
target just one country in particular at the expense of American 
workers who happened to have worked for years in Mexico.
  With that, I yield 30 seconds to the gentleman from Texas (Mr. 
Rodriguez).
  The CHAIRMAN. The gentleman from California's time has expired.
  Mr. OBEY. Madam Chairman, I move to strike the last word.
  The CHAIRMAN. The gentleman from Wisconsin is recognized for 5 
minutes.
  Mr. OBEY. I yield briefly to the gentleman.
  Mr. RODRIGUEZ. Let me just indicate that the gentleman's premise for 
his amendment is incorrect. I would also just add that Mexico is the 
number one country that has the largest number of U.S. citizens that 
are residing within Mexico.

                              {time}  2315

  I would also mention to the gentleman that it is one of our major 
trading partners, and I would ask that as we look at these type of 
issues. There are 21 other countries that fall into the category. So to 
treat one differently is, in all honesty, very discriminatory, and I 
would hope that we would look at that as we move forward, and thank you 
for yielding.
  Mr. OBEY. Madam Chairman, I yield back.
  The CHAIRMAN. The question is on the amendment offered by the 
gentleman from Georgia (Mr. Gingrey).
  The question was taken; and the Chairman announced that the noes 
appeared to have it.
  Mr. GINGREY. Mr. Chairman, I demand a recorded vote.
  The CHAIRMAN. Pursuant to clause 6 of rule XVIII, further proceedings 
on the amendment offered by the gentleman from Georgia will be 
postponed.
  Mr. OBEY. Madam Chairman, I move to strike the last word.
  The CHAIRMAN. The gentleman from Wisconsin is recognized for 5 
minutes.
  Mr. OBEY. I yield to the gentlewoman from Wisconsin.
  Ms. BALDWIN. Madam Chairman, I thank the chairman for his courtesy in 
yielding me time.
  In lieu of offering an amendment this evening, I appreciate the 
opportunity to briefly share with Members a concern regarding the 
education title of this bill. I have learned that taxpayer dollars in 
this bill, combined with taxpayer dollars at the State and local level, 
are used to purchase textbooks printed and manufactured in countries 
that censor these teaching materials.
  Madam Chairman, one of the consequences of outsourcing to cheaper 
labor sources overseas is that an increasingly large number of American 
textbooks and educational materials are printed overseas, especially in 
China, a country which the State Department's 2006 Country Report on 
Human Rights concludes actively censors all publications.
  The State Department's Human Rights report reads, ``By law, only 
government-approved publishing houses are permitted to print books. The 
State Press and Publications Administration controls all licenses to 
publish. The Chinese Communist Party exerts control over the publishing 
industry by preemptively classifying certain topics as off limits.''
  In addition, ``the government does not respect academic freedom and 
increases controls on political and social discourses at colleges, 
universities, and research institutes.''
  Madam Chairman, the Chinese Government is forcing the same censorship 
on American students and teachers, and let me just explain how this 
happens.
  An American publishing company develops a textbook or any educational 
material and decides to print it overseas because they can save on 
printing costs by doing so. But the material content will be censored 
by the government-sanctioned publishing houses to conform to Chinese 
requirements. The Dalai Lama, Tiananmen Square, and balanced 
discussions of Tibet, political freedoms and descriptions of democratic 
participation and public protest will intentionally be left on the 
cutting room floor.
  And then a well-meaning, well-prepared unsuspecting teacher or school 
district buys this textbook for their classroom, a textbook which 
contains no mention of the Dalai Lama and a decidedly altered 
discussion of politics and culture, even American politics and culture 
because Chinese censorship laws do not discriminate between Chinese and 
American texts and contexts.
  And ultimately public funds meant to educate our children are 
simultaneously suppressing human rights and freedoms, and limiting 
exposure and curriculums on important topics of history, politics and 
culture.
  The same situation exists, with far more harmful consequences, for 
teacher manuals because if a lesson does not exist in the teacher's 
curriculum, chances are that the students won't be taught that lesson.
  Madam Chairman, the lesson that our students truly need to learn, and 
which must not be censored, is that State-sponsored censorship should 
not be supported with public dollars. I hope that my colleagues will 
join me in future efforts to teach our schoolchildren that ethics and 
morals and their education are more important, and more valuable, than 
cheap labor and production costs.
  Again, I thank Chairman Obey for the courtesy of yielding this time.
  Mr. OBEY. I thank you very much, and I appreciate the gentlewoman 
raising this issue. I think it's a very legitimate one, and I hope we 
pay more and more attention to it.
  Madam Chairman, I yield back the balance of my time.


                    Amendment Offered by Mr. Souder

  Mr. SOUDER. Madam Chairman, I offer an amendment.
  The CHAIRMAN. The Clerk will designate the amendment.
  The text of the amendment is as follows:

  Amendment offered by Mr. Souder:
       At the end of the bill (before the short title), insert the 
     following:
       Sec. __. None of the funds made available in this Act may 
     be used by the National Labor Relations Board to recognize as 
     the exclusive bargaining representative of employees any 
     labor organization that has not been certified as such by the 
     National Labor Relations Board pursuant to section 9(c) of 
     the National Labor Relations Act (29 U.S.C. 159).

  The CHAIRMAN. Pursuant to the order of the House of today, the 
gentleman from Indiana (Mr. Souder) and a Member opposed each will 
control 5 minutes.
  The Chair recognizes the gentleman from Indiana.
  Mr. SOUDER. Madam Chairman, I yield myself 2 minutes.
  This is a very simple amendment, one that we have debated the basic 
principle in the Education and Labor Committee. This is a funding 
limitation amendment that would say, under the National Labor Relations 
Act, the board can only recognize a union if there has been a private 
ballot vote. The current law basically says this, although they have an 
option for card check.
  This amendment would say that they cannot expend funds to recognize a 
union that has not been certified through a secret ballot election. It 
would basically say the board cannot recognize a card checked union as 
bargaining agent for employees, with the practical effect of requiring 
that a union be chosen by secret ballot election if it wishes to 
actually avail itself of any protections under the act.
  I believe that the right to have a private vote is very important. I 
believe that it's very easy to do a shakedown in committee but not on 
the floor during the debates. We had various amendments regarding 
penalties. We had various amendments, whether illegals could go on the 
card check, how intimidation could occur on illegals who signed the 
card check, from both sides, from management and labor.
  I think the only way to have a fair election that we know that people

[[Page H8110]]

want to form a union is to have a private ballot, and that's the intent 
of this amendment, to restrict the enforcement of anything not allowing 
a private ballot.
  Madam Chairman, I reserve the balance of my time.
  Mr. GEORGE MILLER of California. Madam Chairman, I rise to speak 
against the amendment and claim the time in opposition.
  The CHAIRMAN. The gentleman is recognized for 5 minutes.
  Mr. GEORGE MILLER of California. I thank the Chair.
  Under this amendment, what this amendment says is that the National 
Labor Relations Board could not enforce the party's obligation to 
bargain in good faith following a voluntary recognition. So an employer 
and an employee can get together, they can voluntarily enter into an 
agreement by which they have their working relationship, and if they're 
down the road at some point, one of them wants to bring an action, the 
employer against the employees or the employees against the employer 
for not bargaining in good faith, the National Labor Relations Board 
couldn't enforce that, couldn't take any action.
  This is a voluntary agreement. It doesn't even have to be through the 
card check process. Any voluntary agreement, you're suggesting that 
somehow these people would not be able to enforce that agreement once 
it was entered into.
  This undermines the rights of potentially millions of American 
workers that have already organized under voluntary recognition 
agreements and already engaged in a collective bargaining relationship. 
These workers may have decades long collective bargaining arrangements 
already that they have worked under, and then if the most recent 
contract expires, they would have no enforceable right to go back and 
enforce their rights under the Souder amendment.
  This makes no sense. It's rather incredible to me that under the 
Souder amendment what we would be doing is inserting the government in 
a private voluntary agreement between an employer and an employer. I 
understand the gentleman doesn't like card check, but that's not what 
this is about. This is about any voluntary agreement that they've 
entered into, and I don't know why we would be inserting the government 
at this point.
  Madam Chairman, at this point, I yield 1\1/2\ minutes to the 
gentleman from New Jersey (Mr. Andrews).
  (Mr. ANDREWS asked and was given permission to revise and extend his 
remarks.)
  Mr. ANDREWS. Madam Chairman, I thank my friend for yielding.
  This amendment seeks in 7 minutes to undue 72 years of labor law. For 
72 years, it's been the law of the land that if an employer and an 
employee organization voluntarily choose to engage in collective 
bargaining, they're permitted to do so. This is a process that has led 
to labor harmony, economic prosperity and growth for the economy. Why 
we would even consider prohibiting that kind of arrangement from going 
forward is beyond me.
  So I would urge the defeat of the amendment on grounds that it rather 
recklessly undoes a 72-year process that's worked quite well for both 
labor and management.
  Mr. GEORGE MILLER of California. Madam Chairman, I yield 1 minute to 
the gentleman from Illinois (Mr. Hare).
  Mr. HARE. Madam Chairman, I thank the gentleman for yielding.
  For 13 years, I cut men's suits at Seaford Clothing Factory in Rock 
Island, Illinois. I wouldn't be here as a Member of Congress if it were 
not for my union. My membership in UNITE HERE Local 617 afforded me 
access to higher wages, good benefits, and invaluable workplace safety 
protections.
  Under the Souder amendment, the NLRB could not enforce either party's 
obligation to bargain in good faith following a voluntary recognition. 
This would undermine the rights of potentially millions of workers who 
have already organized under voluntary recognition agreements and 
already engaged in collective bargaining relationships.
  Majority Sign-Up has been available under the National Labor 
Relations Act since 1935. It's proven to reduce strife in the 
workplace, resulting in better labor-management relations. Majority 
sign-ups also reduce coercion and pressure, compared to NLRB elections, 
which is why I'm a strong proponent of the Employee Free Choice Act.
  As my colleague mentioned, the Souder amendment would force all 
workers into the broken, unfair, undemocratic election system and strip 
away the freedom of contract.
  I ask all of my colleagues to vote against the Souder amendment which 
would take a huge step backwards for the rights of American workers, 
and I thank the gentleman for yielding.
  Mr. GEORGE MILLER of California. Madam Chairman, let me just 
reiterate again, and my two colleagues have said this. Under existing 
law today, if the employer doesn't like the agreement, the voluntary 
agreement, or if employees come to them and say, gee, we all want to 
join a union, here's a majority, whatever it is, the employer says, no, 
game is over, it's off, it's done. He has a veto, absolute veto, it's 
over. So the only way you can have this voluntary agreement is if the 
employer is happy with it.
  So, now we have an agreement where the employer's happy, the 
employees are happy, and they work under it for a number of years, but 
you cannot ever go and seek enforcement. So apparently what the 
gentleman is doing, he's just decided he's going to insert the 
government for only one purpose, and that's the purpose to destroy 
basic worker rights and the ability to organize the workplace, even if 
they do it voluntarily and with the consent of the employer.
  Now, I know the gentleman's always believed in limited government, 
and I know the gentleman doesn't think the government should interfere 
in all these contractual arrangements. Here's a voluntary arrangement 
and you're going to insert the government for one purpose, to deny the 
employees their rights under the voluntary agreement which they entered 
into with an employer who had the veto if he didn't want to enter into 
it. They can't coerce him into doing it. He has the veto. We should 
reject this amendment.
  Madam Chairman, I yield back the balance of my time.
  Mr. SOUDER. Madam Chairman, I yield myself the balance of the time.
  First, let me read the amendment. ``None of the funds made available 
in this Act may be used by the National Labor Relations Board to 
recognize as the exclusive bargaining representative of employees any 
labor organization that has not been certified as such by the National 
Labor Relations Board pursuant to section 9(c) of the National Labor 
Relations Act.''
  Basically, to have this be ruled in order, I would have liked to have 
made it more precisely targeted towards just the card check. In effect 
what this says is that in order to be recognized as an exclusive 
bargaining representative, you have to have a free election. That is my 
intent. That is the intent of this.
  Now, why do I feel that we need to do this bill at this time? One is 
we have a separate bill moving through that would in effect deprive 
workers of America of the right to a private ballot. But secondly, 
earlier today or yesterday I should say, with my support, unlike many 
of my Republican colleagues, I believe in the right to association. I 
supported the police and firemen's right to organize, and it came under 
suspension, and I voted for.
  But here is another card check potential where police and fire would 
be put in a position where in some cases in towns in my district that 
oppose this bill, there are five people. With a card check, those 
people are going to be subject to everybody in town watching who they 
are, and there's no guarantee if three are pressured into signing that 
there will be a private ballot.
  This amendment, and I understand that there are flaws with this 
amendment and hopefully we could work this out, but this amendment is 
basically a card check amendment given the fact that not only do we 
have one bill moving through, but we also had a bill move through last 
night on suspension that would in effect potentially have police and 
firemen unionize across the United States in areas where they 
previously hadn't been and a bill that I supported and believe in the 
right to association but I also believe there should be a private 
ballot associated with that right to association.

[[Page H8111]]

  Madam Chairman, I yield back the balance of my time.
  Mr. OBEY. Madam Chairman, I move to strike the last word.
  The CHAIRMAN. The gentleman from Wisconsin is recognized for 5 
minutes.

                              {time}  2330

  Mr. OBEY. I would simply like to read a portion of the letter from 
Greg Tarpinion from Change to Win. He simply says this: ``Since its 
inception in 1935, the National Labor Relations Act has permitted 
workers to unionize and their union representatives to be recognized by 
obtaining signatures in support from a majority of workers to be 
represented.''
  Many large companies such as Cingular Wireless, Kaiser Permanente, 
and Harley-Davidson from my own State have voluntarily recognized their 
employees' desire for union representation using this type of majority 
signup procedure. By eliminating any funds for the National Labor 
Relations Board to enforce the laws, in cases in which the majority 
signup is used, the Souder amendment would gut this long-standing 
avenue for worker recognition.
  As a result, any unions already recognized and any contracts already 
bargained with unions that obtained recognition using this method would 
be thrown into legal limbo, and any otherwise applicable labor law 
protections would become unenforceable. That, to me, doesn't seem to 
make very much sense.
  I would urge opposition to the gentleman's amendment.
  Madam Chairman, I yield back the balance of my time.
  The CHAIRMAN. The question is on the amendment offered by the 
gentleman from Indiana (Mr. Souder).
  The question was taken; and the Chairman announced that the noes 
appeared to have it.
  Mr. SOUDER. Madam Chairman, I demand a recorded vote.
  The CHAIRMAN. Pursuant to clause 6 of rule XVIII, further proceedings 
on the amendment offered by the gentleman from Indiana will be 
postponed.


                    Amendment Offered by Mr. Souder

  Mr. SOUDER. Madam Chairman, I offer an amendment.
  The CHAIRMAN. The Clerk will designate the amendment.
  The text of the amendment is as follows:

       Amendment offered by Mr. Souder:
       At the end of the bill (before the short title) insert the 
     following:

                                TITLE VI

                     ADDITIONAL GENERAL PROVISIONS

       Sec. 601. None of the funds made available in this Act may 
     be used by the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services to 
     implement the final rule published on March 30, 2007, on page 
     15275 of volume 72, Federal Register (relating to section 
     482.82(b) of title 42, Code of Federal Regulations).

  The CHAIRMAN. Pursuant to the order of the House of today, the 
gentleman from Indiana (Mr. Souder) and a Member opposed each will 
control 5 minutes.
  The Chair recognizes the gentleman from Indiana.
  Mr. SOUDER. Madam Chairman, I yield to the chairman.
  Mr. OBEY. Madam Chairman, in the interest of saving time in this late 
evening, on this side we would be happy to accept the gentleman's 
amendment.
  Mr. SOUDER. I thank the chairman. It's something that I believe can 
be worked with, in a bipartisan manner, worked out in the long term in 
detail.
  Madam Chairman, I yield back the balance of my time.
  The CHAIRMAN. The question is on the amendment offered by the 
gentleman from Indiana (Mr. Souder).
  The amendment was agreed to.


           Amendment No. 22 Offered by Ms. Moore of Wisconsin

  Ms. MOORE of Wisconsin. Madam Chairman, I offer an amendment.
  The CHAIRMAN. The Clerk will designate the amendment.
  The text of the amendment is as follows:

       Amendment No. 22 offered by Ms. Moore of Wisconsin:
       At the end of the bill (before the short title) insert the 
     following:
       Sec. __. None of the funds made available by this Act may 
     be used to carry out the evaluation of the Upward Bound 
     program described in the absolute priority for Upward Bound 
     Program participant selection and evaluation published by the 
     Department of Education in the Federal Register on September 
     22, 2006 (71 Fed. Reg. 55447 et seq.).

  The CHAIRMAN. Pursuant to the order of the House of today, the 
gentlewoman from Wisconsin (Ms. Moore) and a Member opposed each will 
control 5 minutes.
  The Chair recognizes the gentlewoman from Wisconsin.
  Ms. MOORE of Wisconsin. Madam Chairman, today I offer an amendment 
cosponsored by Congressman Tom Cole, Congressman Bobby Scott, and 
Congresswoman Carol Shea-Porter that will prohibit funds from being 
used to carry out a damaging, unethical Education Department proposed 
evaluation of a TRIO program, the Upward Bound program.
  This amendment will put a halt to this unethical study that deceives 
students and their families, takes away critical opportunities for 
them, and sets the program up for failure. This same language is 
included in the higher education reconciliation bill.
  I thank Members from both sides of the aisle for rebuffing the 
Education Department's repeated, relentless efforts to kill the TRIO 
Upward Bound program over the past 2 years. Because of the adamant 
congressional resistance, the Department has now decided that they can 
simply study the program to death. This is an unethical program.
  Madam Chairman, I submit for the Record three letters from highly 
respected institutional review boards that indicate that this is an 
unethical program and also a letter from 15 highly respected 
educational associations deeming the study unethical. The FDA regulates 
these institutional review boards, and it's precisely to protect human 
beings who are subject to human experimentation.

                               memorandum

     To: Dr. Beverly Simone, President, Southeastern Community 
         College
     From: Rebecca S. Rump, Chair, SCC IRB
     Date: June 8, 2007
     Re U.S. Department of Education Upward Bound Research of 
         Higher-Risk Students

       Following evaluation and consideration of the U.S. 
     Department of Education's project, ``Impact Evaluation of 
     Upward Bound's Increased Emphasis on Higher-Risk Students,'' 
     Southeastern Community College's Institutional Review Board 
     would like to express its concerns with this research and our 
     involvement with the project.
       Although we expect that our College's Upward Bound program 
     staff will continue to work with the U.S. Department of 
     Education and the evaluation project, our initial concern is 
     that potential participation in Upward Bound (UB) requires 
     students to participate in the evaluation study. For those 
     students and families who do not want to participate in the 
     study, they can complete forms indicating that decision. Yet, 
     they are still entered into a lottery in which they may not 
     be chosen for UB. The design of the study (with UB very 
     likely serving fewer students due to half of the students 
     being assigned to the control, group) inherently denies 
     services to students that they otherwise would likely receive 
     without the study being conducted. In essence, we question 
     the validity and ethical foundation of a study which induces 
     a negative impact on the program being studied.
       Closely related to the fact that this study is not 
     ultimately voluntary is the fact that the control group will 
     only receive token monetary compensation as opposed to the 
     benefits of Upward Bound (UB) despite having participated in 
     the study to the same degree as the experimental group. In 
     essence, by participating in the study some students will not 
     have the opportunity to participate in UB. The project's 
     research design is similar to other experimental-control 
     group designs in which one group is denied a treatment in 
     order to determine the treatment's effect. Typically in such 
     research if the treatment is effective, the control group is 
     immediately given the treatment as an ethical consideration 
     for their being placed randomly in the control group. In the 
     current project, the treatment is the Upward Bound program 
     itself. Students in the control group will not be able to 
     participate in UB due to age considerations after the study, 
     and as the study stands, there is no plan to provide any 
     educational program equivalent to UB after the study to the 
     students in the control condition. Unfortunately, 
     participants who are randomly placed in the control condition 
     and not admitted to UB are not given equivalent compensation 
     to those who are selected to participate in UB. Participants 
     in the control condition wilt be given monetary compensation 
     that simply does no equal the educational and personal 
     benefits of participating in UB. Such inequity simply is not 
     within the realm of ethical treatment of research 
     participants.
       Finally, our last concern relates to the language level 
     used in the materials that parents of participating UB 
     students must complete. We presume that many of those parents 
     read at levels below high school. Requiring completion of 
     these materials may discourage participation in the program, 
     a

[[Page H8112]]

     most unfortunate result for the prospective UB participants.
       The IRB appreciates the purpose of Upward Bound and 
     understands the institutional decision to participate in the 
     study, but we want you to know our concerns with respect to 
     this research. As always, we appreciate your consideration of 
     our position and your support of ensuring the integrity of 
     research at Southeastern Community College.


                                               Central College

                                          Pella, IA, May 14, 2007.


                               memorandum

     To: Dr. Paul Naour, Provost
     From: Dr. Keith Jones, Institutional Review Board Co-Chair
     Re U.S. Department of Education Upward Bound Research of 
         Higher-Risk Students
     Date: May 14, 2007

       Following evaluation and consideration of the U.S. 
     Department of Education's project, ``Impact Evaluation of 
     Upward Bound's Increased Emphasis on Higher-Risk Students,'' 
     the Institutional Review Board would like to express its 
     concerns with this research and our involvement with the 
     project.
       Our initial concern is that potential participation in 
     Upward Bound (UB) for all intents and purposes requires 
     students to participate in the study. For those students and 
     families who do not want to participate in the study, they 
     can complete forms indicating that decision. Yet, they are 
     still entered into a lottery in which they may not be chosen 
     for UB. The design of the study (with UB very likely serving 
     fewer students due to half of the students being assigned to 
     the control group) inherently denies services to students 
     that they otherwise would likely receive without the study 
     being conducted. In essence, we question the validity and 
     ethical foundation of a study which induces a negative impact 
     on the program being studied.
       Closely related to the fact that this study is not 
     ultimately voluntary is the fact that the control group will 
     only receive token monetary compensation as opposed to the 
     benefits of Upward Bound (UB) despite having participated in 
     the study to the same degree as the experimental group. In 
     essence, by participating in the study some students will not 
     have the opportunity to participate in UB. The project's 
     research design is similar to other experimental-control 
     group designs in which one group is denied a treatment in 
     order to determine the treatment's effect. Typically in such 
     research if the treatment is effective, the control group is 
     immediately given the treatment as an ethical consideration 
     for their being placed randomly in the control group. In the 
     current project, the treatment is the Upward Bound program 
     itself. Students in the control group will not be able to 
     participate in UB due to age considerations after the study, 
     and as the study stands there is no plan to provide any 
     educational program equivalent to UB after the study to the 
     students in the control condition. Unfortunately, 
     participants who are randomly placed in the control condition 
     and not admitted to UB are not given equivalent compensation 
     to those who are selected to participate in UB. Participants 
     in the control condition will be given monetary compensation 
     that simply does not equal the educational and personal 
     benefits of participating in UB. Such inequity simply is not 
     within the realm of ethical treatment of research 
     participants.
       The IRB understands the institutional decision to 
     participate in the study, but we want you to know our 
     concerns with respect to this research. As always, we 
     appreciate your consideration of our position and your 
     support of ensuring the integrity of research at Central 
     College.


                                        The University of Utah

                                Salt Lake City, UT, June 13, 2007.
     Kathryn S. Felker,
     Director, Educational Opportunity Programs, University of 
         Utah, Salt Lake City, UT.
       Dear Ms. Felker: I am the Associate Vice President for 
     Research Integrity at the University of Utah. The University 
     of Utah Institutional Review Board (IRB) provided me with 
     information regarding the U.S. Department of Education's plan 
     to evaluate the Upward Bound program. My understanding is 
     that the study has been deemed exempt from local IRB review. 
     Normally our IRB would make that determination and would not 
     defer that responsibility to external agencies. Nevertheless, 
     the study would appear to be exempt under Category 5 of the 
     federal regulations 45 CFR 46. While the IRB will not exert 
     oversight authority for this research, IRB staff have raised 
     a number of concerns about the conduct of this study.
       After reviewing this information, I also will express my 
     concerns over the study design. Recruitment of twice as many 
     eligible students than can be served and randomly assigning 
     applicants to intervention and control groups raises serious 
     ethical issues. Assuming this well-established program has 
     shown some evidence of benefit in past assessments, 
     assignment to the control group would deny those benefits, 
     but only after an extensive application process and the 
     development of a relationship with program staff. Then to 
     deny even the possibility of obtaining services from the 
     Upward Bound program in the future may compound the harm and 
     preclude services for which they would otherwise be eligible. 
     Surely there is a better way to conduct an assessment of the 
     program.
       The DOE will continue to collect data on the educational 
     outcomes of the children in the control group, although they 
     will not be receiving any services from the program. Further, 
     the consent forms do not indicate an ability to withdraw from 
     the study.
       Studies with non-intervention control arms always receive 
     close scrutiny by the IRB because of their ethical 
     complexities. It is incumbent on the investigators to 
     demonstrate that this study design minimizes risks of harm 
     and that other research designs are not feasible. Of course, 
     I was not involved in the discussion over this research 
     design, but it seems highly probable that other approaches 
     could be used to assess the value of the Upward Bound 
     program. I strongly encourage a reassessment of the conduct 
     of this research.
       By way of credentials, I will note that I currently serve 
     of the DHHS Secretary's Advisory Committee on Human Research 
     Protections (SACHRP) and so have extensive experience with 
     research ethics and federal regulations governing the 
     protection of human subjects.
       Please relay our concerns to the DOE and other federal 
     officials who are involved in governing this project.
           Best regards,
     Jeffrey R. Botkin, M.D., M.P.H.,
       Professor of Pediatrics and Biomedical Ethics, Associate 
     Vice President for Research Integrity.
                                  ____

                                                    July 18, 2006.
     Re Upward Bound Program

     James F. Manning,
     Acting Assistant Secretary for Postsecondary Education, 
         Department of Education, Washington, DC.
       Dear Mr. Manning: I write on behalf of the higher education 
     associations listed below to comment on the Notice of 
     Proposed Priority for the Upward Bound program published in 
     the July 3, 2006 Federal Register. My colleagues and I have 
     both substantive and procedural problems with the proposed 
     priority to narrow Upward Bound services to 9th grade 
     students meeting criteria selected by the Department. We 
     especially object to the fact that this process effectively 
     exchanges a congressional priority for an administrative 
     one--a practice we view as precedent-setting and disturbing.
       Several aspects of this proposal concern us, among them:
       The priority asserted is such a marked departure from 
     existing program design that it effectively substitutes a new 
     program for the one that Congress authorized and provided the 
     funds to operate.
       The proposed priority discards the current flexibility to 
     vary the program in accordance with local needs, substituting 
     in its place a monolithic federal vision about whom to serve.
       By establishing a priority for a cohort of 9th grade 
     students, the proposal would disenfranchise all of the 10th 
     and 11th graders that Congress intended to be served by the 
     Upward Bound services.
       The requirement that 30% of newly-admitted students be ``at 
     high academic risk for failure'' would deprive certain 9th 
     grade students--those who may do well in school--from 
     receiving the Upward Bound services they may require.
       And finally, the proposal creates a troubling gray area 
     between congressional intent as expressed in statutory 
     language--sometimes amplified by report language--and the 
     Department's Constitutional obligation to carry out that 
     intent in a straightforward manner.
       We appreciate that the Department is engaged with the 
     problem of reducing the unacceptably high numbers of high 
     school students who drop out prior to graduation. This is an 
     important problem that deserves attention. However, if this 
     priority setting approach is adopted, it is easy to imagine 
     that many other programs administered by the Department will 
     be subject to a wholesale redesign outside the normal 
     legislative and regulatory processes. We strongly urge you to 
     discard this proposed priority setting effort in favor of 
     working with the Congress and the higher education community 
     to develop promising approaches to solving this problem.
           Sincerely,

                                                   David Ward,

                                                        President,
                                    American Council on Education.
       On behalf of: American Association of Collegiate Registrars 
     and Admissions Officers, American Association of Community 
     Colleges, American Association of State Colleges and 
     Universities, American Council on Education, American Indian 
     Higher Education Consortium, Association of American 
     Universities, Association of Community College Trustees, 
     Association of Jesuit Colleges and Universities, Council for 
     Opportunity in Education, Hispanic Association of Colleges 
     and Universities, National Association for Equal Opportunity 
     in Higher Education, National Association independent 
     Colleges and Universities, National Association of State 
     Universities and Land-Grant Colleges, and National 
     Association of Student Financial Aid Administrators.

  Madam Chairman, I yield 2 minutes to one of the cosponsors, Mr. Cole.
  (Mr. COLE of Oklahoma asked and was given permission to revise and 
extend his remarks.)
  Mr. COLE. Madam Chairman, in the interest of time, I will be brief.

[[Page H8113]]

  Madam Chairman, I rise in support of the Moore amendment to the 
Labor, Health and Human Services and Education bill.
  This amendment, which would defund the evaluation component of the 
Department of Education's absolute priority, is crafted to spare our 
teachers from choosing between two values that should never be in 
conflict, following their Nation's laws and tending to their students' 
well-being.
  I know Oklahoma educators well, and I can tell you that Oklahoma 
educators are honorable people. If there is a law on the books, they 
will follow that law to its letter and spirit.
  However, I believe that this particular law, that is the Department 
of Education's absolute priorities, is inconsistent with our teachers' 
obligation to do what's best for our students. The absolute priority 
evaluation component would have Upward Bound students recruit twice as 
many students as they are able to serve. Half of those students would 
then be directed away from TRIO, becoming a control group to prove or 
disprove TRIO's effectiveness.
  In short, we would raise these children's hope and then use them as 
guinea pigs to test our own theories and ideas. That's dishonest, it's 
cynical and it's wrong. I have no question in my mind about the outcome 
of such an experiment. TRIO would prove to be what it is, one of the 
most successful ways to encourage and support disadvantaged first-
generation college students.
  Yet even in the best-case scenario, where TRIO has proven successful, 
Upward Bound programs across the country would be left with a group of 
students that would never be able to use their services.
  I oppose changing Upward Bound in order to recruit students into the 
program that could not receive help, giving on the one hand, and taking 
away with the other. We should aim to put our students and teachers in 
a position for success, and I believe that we will do so with the 
passage of the Moore amendment.
  Mr. OBEY. Madam Chairman, I move to strike the last word.
  The CHAIRMAN. The gentleman from Wisconsin is recognized for 5 
minutes.
  Mr. OBEY. Let me simply say that I appreciate our colleagues bringing 
this to our attention. I know the authorizing committee is dealing with 
the issue at this time as well on this side of the aisle. We would be 
happy to accept the amendment.
  Mr. WALSH of New York. Would the gentleman yield?
  Mr. OBEY. Surely.
  Mr. WALSH of New York. We would be happy to accept the amendment 
also.
  Mr. OBEY. I yield to the gentlewoman from California.
  Ms. LEE. I want thank the gentlewoman from Wisconsin for her 
leadership on this issue.
  Madam Chairman, when we took this up in the full committee, I raised 
this with the chairman. At the time, he committed to working with us on 
this issue. I am glad we have the opportunity to do that this evening.
  Members of the Congressional Black Caucus communicated our concern to 
Chairman Obey, who understood its importance.
  In closing, let me just say that Congress has actually rebuffed 
attempts to eliminate or replace Upward Bound programs in the past. So 
the administration did administer these absolute priority initiatives 
which really does include a very unethical and immoral study at the 
expense of our young people.
  I want to once again thank the gentlelady from Wisconsin for raising 
this and for making sure that we were aware of all the issues and the 
facts around this. I want to thank the chairman very much for accepting 
this tonight.
  Mr. OBEY. Madam Chairman, I yield back the balance of my time.
  The CHAIRMAN. The question is on the amendment offered by gentlewoman 
from Wisconsin (Ms. Moore).
  The amendment was agreed to.


               Amendment Offered by Mr. Camp of Michigan

  Mr. CAMP of Michigan. Madam Chairman, I offer an amendment.
  The CHAIRMAN. The Clerk will designate the amendment.
  The text of the amendment is as follows:

       Amendment offered by Mr. Camp of Michigan:
       At the end of the bill (before the short title) insert the 
     following:

                                TITLE VI

                     ADDITIONAL GENERAL PROVISIONS

       Sec. 601. None of the funds made available in this Act may 
     be used to implement any policy prohibiting a Medicare 
     beneficiary from electing during a coverage election period 
     described in section 1851(e) of the Social Security Act (42 
     U.S.C. 1395w-21(e)) to receive health care benefits under 
     title XVIII of such Act through enrollment in a Medicare 
     Advantage plan under part C of such title.

  The CHAIRMAN. Pursuant to the order of the House of today, the 
gentleman from Michigan (Mr. Camp) and a Member opposed each will 
control 5 minutes.
  The Chair recognizes the gentleman from Michigan.
  Mr. CAMP of Michigan. Madam Chairman, I yield myself such time as I 
may consume.
  I rise in support of my amendment that would preserve Medicare 
beneficiaries' access to the Medicare Advantage program.
  My amendment is simple. It would prohibit the Centers for Medicare 
and Medicaid Services from implementing any policy that would prohibit 
a Medicare beneficiary from enrolling in Medicare Advantage, which 
allows seniors the option of receiving their Medicare benefits through 
a private health care plan.
  Today, 8.3 million Medicare beneficiaries, including millions of low-
income minority and rural seniors, are receiving their health benefits 
through Medicare Advantage. Retired union workers are also attracted to 
this important program. In fact, in my home State of Michigan, 116,000 
retired teachers, janitors, bus drivers and school cafeteria workers 
are enrolled in a Medicare Advantage plan to the Michigan Public School 
Employees Retirement System.
  Vulnerable beneficiaries choose Medicare Advantage over traditional 
Medicare because it's often cheaper and comes with better benefits than 
traditional Medicare, like disease management programs and preventive 
care. Low-income seniors are more likely to enroll in Medicare 
Advantage, relying on the program's lower copayments and free 
preventive care. Medicare Advantage plans saved beneficiaries an 
average of $86 per month, compared to what they would have spent in 
traditional Medicare.
  Additionally, Medicare Advantage provides protection against 
catastrophic health care costs not provided by traditional Medicare. 
For example, many beneficiaries can choose a Medicare advantage plan 
that would cap their annual out-of-pocket health care costs at $2,000. 
Minority beneficiaries are more likely to enroll in Medicare Advantage.
  In fact, 40 percent of African Americans and 53 percent of Hispanics 
who depend on Medicare for their health care are enrolled in Medicare 
Advantage plans.
  The NAACP recognizes the importance of Medicare advantage saying: 
``By providing more comprehensive benefits and lower cost-sharing than 
traditional Medicare, Medicare Advantage plans help racial and ethnic 
minority populations gain access to health care services that are 
critical to their long-term health and well-being.''
  For the first time, seniors have access to Medicare Advantage, 
regardless of whether they live in big cities or in rural America, in 
districts like mine. Rural seniors have voted with their feet. 
Enrollment in Medicare Advantage has increased 300 percent since 2004 
when just half of rural seniors had a Medicare Advantage plan in their 
area.
  Rural beneficiaries clearly like their new options. Medicare 
Advantage is helping to provide flexible, affordable, modern health 
care benefits for minorities, low-income beneficiaries, seniors living 
in rural areas and union retirees. Congress must ensure that these 
health care benefits are available to qualifying beneficiaries. I urge 
my colleagues to support this amendment.
  Madam Chairman, I reserve the balance of my time.
  Mr. OBEY. Madam Chairman, I move to strike the last word.
  The CHAIRMAN. The gentleman from Wisconsin is recognized for 5 
minutes.

[[Page H8114]]

  Mr. OBEY. Madam Chairman, we have not had enough time to analyze the 
most recent version of this amendment. Its apparent innocuousness, 
frankly, raises my suspicions. It would appear to enforce current law 
for eligibility to enroll in benefits.
  But for this to be offered just at the time that the authorizers are 
reauthorizing the SCHIP program and considering pay-fors that might 
include tightening payments to Medicare Advantage providers, it makes 
me wonder if this is more than a powerful coincidence.
  This is certainly not within the jurisdiction of the Appropriations 
Committee. It most certainly is within the jurisdiction of the Ways and 
Means Committee. I don't think, given the sensitivity of it, that it 
ought to be handled in this manner.
  So I would certainly intend not to support it. My understanding is 
also that the Energy and Commerce and Ways and Means Committees are 
both highly concerned about this amendment. And under these 
circumstances, I think it would be highly ill-advised for the House to 
adopt this amendment at this time.
  Madam Chairman, I yield back the balance of my time.
  Mr. CAMP of Michigan. Madam Chairman, I yield back the balance of my 
time.
  Mr. BECERRA. Madam Chairman, I oppose the amendment and stand to 
claim the time.
  The CHAIRMAN. The gentleman from California is recognized for 5 
minutes.
  Mr. BECERRA. I say to my friend from Michigan, as he knows, and we 
are working through the process in the Ways and Means Committee to try 
to figure out how we reform Medicare to make it more available to 
seniors throughout this country, and at the same time Medicare 
Advantage to find out a way to finally fund at an adequate level to 
fund the State health insurance program that is funded by the Federal 
Government, so that we can somehow find a way to cover the 9 million 
children in this country who still receive no health insurance 
coverage, that this amendment seems to do two things.
  One is unnecessary, and that is to say that we will try to make sure 
that no one is denied access to any coverage under a Medicare Advantage 
plan. I know of nothing that would deprive any individual who seeks to 
enroll in a Medicare Advantage plan that opportunity to do so.
  Secondly, it seems geared to spook seniors who might not know what's 
going on if they see language or hear that there is some provision in 
law through the appropriations process that would say that we can't 
deprive them of an opportunity to apply for a particular type of 
Medicare coverage. It might seem to lend some credence to those who are 
trying to make seniors believe that they are going to be deprived of 
the Medicare benefits.

                              {time}  2345

  There is nothing further from the truth. In fact, every effort that 
is being made, as the gentleman knows, in the Ways and Means Committee 
is to actually enhance the benefits that our seniors will receive under 
Medicare. What we have found is over the years that many Medicare 
providers are finding it very difficult to stay within the Medicare 
system because of the lack of reimbursement, or so at least they claim. 
And in many cases we do find areas of the country that are finding 
fewer and fewer providers available to Medicare recipients to be able 
to access their health care.
  I would say to the gentleman that if indeed this amendment is 
targeted at something in particular, it would be great if we could have 
that identified. But at this stage, I see nothing in the current law or 
anything on the horizon emanating from the Congress and certainly from 
our committee that we both serve on, the Ways and Means Committee, that 
would in any way jeopardize any individual's opportunity to access 
Medicare coverage through the Medicare Advantage plans that are 
available. And for that reason I would hope that, if nothing else, 
seniors who might be watching this debate at this time take nothing 
from this particular amendment to indicate to them that they should 
have any reason to fear that anyone would try to deprive them of their 
Medicare benefits. In fact, what I think they will find is that under 
the program that will be provided or will come to the Ways and Means 
Committee will enhance seniors' opportunities to obtain not just 
adequate medical services through Medicare but enhanced services 
through Medicare.
  Madam Chairman, I yield back the balance of my time.
  Mr. WALSH of New York. Madam Chairman, I move to strike the last 
word.
  The CHAIRMAN. The gentleman is recognized for 5 minutes.
  Mr. WALSH of New York. Madam Chairman, I yield to the gentleman from 
Michigan, and I rise in support of his amendment.
  Mr. CAMP of Michigan. Madam Chairman, I thank the gentleman for 
yielding.
  I just want to say that this is really a straightforward amendment. 
What it simply does is prohibit the Center for Medicare and Medicaid 
Services from implementing any policy that would prohibit a beneficiary 
from enrolling in Medicare Advantage.
  Now, obviously, if beneficiaries lose access to care by a reduction 
in funds to the Medicare Advantage program, and thereby benefits being 
reduced, that is something we want to try to avoid. This is a 
critically important program that, as I said, ensures millions of 
seniors that have seen rapid growth, and in particular parts of the 
country has made really great strides in covering low-income seniors, 
those in rural and urban areas, those in minority populations that 
might not otherwise have access to care, and we have seen enrollment 
increase 300 percent since 2004.
  So I think in light of what is going on, it is important to reinforce 
our support for this strategically important program, but it is a 
fairly simple and straightforward amendment.
  Mr. WALSH of New York. Madam Chairman, I yield back the balance of my 
time.
  The CHAIRMAN. The question is on the amendment offered by the 
gentleman from Michigan (Mr. Camp).
  The question was taken; and the Chairman announced that the noes 
appeared to have it.
  Mr. CAMP of Michigan. Mr. Chairman, I demand a recorded vote.
  The CHAIRMAN. Pursuant to clause 6 of rule XVIII, further proceedings 
on the amendment offered by the gentleman from Michigan will be 
postponed.


                 Amendment No. 2 Offered by Mr. Conaway

  Mr. CONAWAY. Madam Chairman, I offer an amendment.
  The CHAIRMAN. The Clerk will designate the amendment.
  The text of the amendment is as follows:

       Amendment No. 2 offered by Mr. Conaway:
       At the end of the bill (before the short title), insert the 
     following:
       Sec. __. It is the sense of the House of Representatives 
     that any reduction in the amount appropriated by this Act 
     achieved as a result of amendments adopted by the House 
     should be dedicated to deficit reduction.

  Mr. OBEY. Madam Chairman, I reserve a point of order against the 
amendment.
  The CHAIRMAN. A point of order is reserved.
  Pursuant to the order of the House of today, the gentleman from Texas 
(Mr. Conaway) and a Member opposed each will control 5 minutes.
  The Chair recognizes the gentleman from Texas.
  Mr. CONAWAY. Madam Chairman, this is an attempt to do some stuff 
tonight that will eliminate otherwise doing it tomorrow and perhaps 
shortening tomorrow.
  Amendment after amendment has come before this body seeking to reduce 
spending out of this appropriations bills. We took some 16 votes 
earlier this evening. The harsh truth of the matter is, should any of 
those votes to reduce spending have been successful, the reality is 
that money would not have been saved. The deficit for 2008 would still 
be exactly the same as it was under this bill that was presented.
  What my amendment would do is to create a sense of Congress that 
should we be successful in reducing spending coming up out of these 
appropriations bills, that that money would in fact reduce the deficit; 
and, hopefully, in the near future when we are in a surplus 
circumstance, that would increase the

[[Page H8115]]

surplus as opposed to simply being recycled back through the 
Appropriations Committee to spend in perhaps some other area, but 
nevertheless spend that money.
  I understand there is a point of order that lies against this, and I 
will not insist on a ruling from the Chair. But I did want to highlight 
again on this bill tonight that, should any of my colleagues be 
successful in getting a vote to reduce spending, that reduction in 
spending does not actually happen; the money stays in 302(b) 
allocations and is spent somewhere else. So all of the conversations we 
have in here on the pros and cons about those issues is really wasted 
rhetoric under our current set of rules.
  Madam Chairman, I would ask unanimous consent to withdraw the 
amendment.
  The CHAIRMAN. Without objection, the amendment is withdrawn.
  There was no objection.


                 Amendment No. 1 Offered by Mr. Conaway

  Mr. CONAWAY. Madam Chairman, I offer an amendment.
  The CHAIRMAN. The Clerk will designate the amendment.

       The text of the amendment is as follows:
       Amendment No. 1 offered by Mr. Conaway:
       At the end of the bill (before the short title), insert the 
     following:
       Sec. __. None of the funds made available by this Act for 
     the Low-Income Home Energy Assistance Program may be used 
     while there continues in effect a Federal prohibition on the 
     exploration, leasing, development, or production of oil or 
     natural gas in the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge or the 
     Outer Continental Shelf.

  Mr. OBEY. Madam Chairwoman, I reserve a point of order against the 
amendment.
  The CHAIRMAN. A point of order is reserved.
  Pursuant to the order of the House of today, the gentleman from Texas 
(Mr. Conaway) and a Member opposed each will control 5 minutes.
  The Chair recognizes the gentleman from Texas.
  Mr. CONAWAY. Madam Chairman, again in an attempt to get a little work 
done tonight that we would otherwise have to put off until tomorrow, I 
am offering up an amendment that would say straightforwardly that we 
will not spend money. None of the funds made available under this act 
for Low-Income Home Energy Assistance Program would be spent as long as 
we keep restrictions into place on drilling in ANWR and our 
intercontinental shelves.
  It seems illogical to me to drive the costs of home heating oil and 
natural gas up by restricting domestic production of those two 
commodities and, at the same time, try to fill an insatiable demand for 
LIHEAP funding. We added $400 million in LIHEAP money to the continuing 
resolution for 2007. This adds another $880 million in LIHEAP spending, 
again, an insatiable demand for these funds. And, at the same time, we 
are driving up the cost of that commodity so that the funds that we 
actually do plow back into LIHEAP don't go as far in terms of buying 
and giving relief to those folks who qualify for this program.
  So while I am not so much opposed to LIHEAP, I am opposed to the 
illogical public policy of limiting domestic production of crude oil 
and natural gas through artificial restraints on drilling in those 
places of the United States where we have our own production and 
thereby increasing the cost to consumers in States that take advantage 
of these LIHEAP funds.
  So, again, I understand a point of order lies against this. I do not 
intend to push that to a ruling of the Chair, but I did want to bring 
to the attention of my colleagues what I believe is the illogical 
position to take to restrict domestic production of crude oil and 
natural gas and, at the same time, try to fund as I see it is an 
insatiable demand for LIHEAP funding.
  Madam Chairman, I would ask unanimous consent to withdraw the 
amendment.
  The CHAIRMAN. Without objection, the amendment is withdrawn.
  There was no objection.


          Amendment No. 30 Offered by Ms. Jackson-Lee of Texas

  Ms. JACKSON-LEE of Texas. Madam Chairman, I offer an amendment.
  The CHAIRMAN. The Clerk will designate the amendment.
  The text of the amendment is as follows:

       Amendment No. 30 offered by Ms. Jackson-Lee of Texas:
       At the end of the bill (before the short title), insert the 
     following:
       Sec. __. The amount otherwise provided in this Act for 
     ``DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION--DEPARTMENTAL MANAGEMENT--Office of 
     Civil Rights'' is hereby decreased by $2,000,000 and 
     increased by $2,000,000.

  The CHAIRMAN. Pursuant to the order of the House of today, the 
gentlewoman from Texas (Ms. Jackson-Lee) and a Member opposed each will 
control 5 minutes.
  The Chair recognizes the gentlewoman from Texas.
  Ms. JACKSON-LEE of Texas. Let me thank the Chair and also thank the 
Chair of the subcommittee and the ranking member of the subcommittee, 
and let me just for a moment thank them overall for this bill and 
mention the $3.3 billion in increased student aid; the $1.3 billion for 
Health Resources and Services Administration, the primary agency 
dealing with health care access; the $1 billion for medical research, 
which includes more research for cancer, diabetes, and Alzheimer's and 
Parkinson's; $880 million for low-income home energy; $949 million for 
employment and training services; and $660 million for the community 
services block grant. I wanted to acknowledge the direction of this 
bill and my support for it. But let me also acknowledge that there is 
more work to be done in the Department of Education Office of Civil 
Rights.
  As I read from the report language, it indicates that this office is 
responsible for enforcing laws that prohibit discrimination on the 
basis of race, color, national origin, sex, disability, and age in all 
programs and institutions that receive funds from the Department. These 
laws extend to the 50 State educational agencies and 16,000 local 
educational agencies as well, 3,500 institutions of higher learning. 
And that is my concern.
  This amendment reduces the amount of money in the area of the 
administration aspect of the Department of Education, which includes 
the Office of Civil Rights, to focus on glaring problems that exist in 
that program. For example, if you look at fiscal year 2005, only 18 
percent of the cases that this agency dealt with was in regard to race 
and national origin. As relates to minorities in special education, 10 
cases were initiated, 19 were resolved.
  In 2000, the Clinton administration settled a number of OCR cases, 
Office of Civil Rights cases, segregation cases with Historically Black 
Colleges. Those cases included schools in Virginia, schools in Texas, 
schools in Georgia, and a number of others. These particular 
settlements required compliance, and that means that the Office of 
Civil Rights was responsible for enforcing the compliance of these 
agreements by the States that these schools were located in. Sadly, we 
have found that several schools have suffered from the lack of 
enforcement of the Department of Education: Texas Southern University 
in Texas, Morgan State in Maryland, and Florida A in Florida.
  Without the enforcement of the Office of Civil Rights, the States 
don't comply with requirements to end discrimination on these 
historically black colleges. My amendment reinforces the importance of 
the Office of Civil Rights continuing to enforce strongly the 
agreements that were made pursuant to segregation or desegregation 
settlements at the beginning of 2000. I would hope that recognizing the 
value of education, the value of the 104 Historically Black Colleges, 
that the Office of Civil Rights would step up their enforcement on the 
issues dealing with race.
  Let me indicate that this is not a question of borrowing from Peter 
to pay Paul. I do not want to diminish enforcement on issues of 
disability, age discrimination, on sex discrimination, but I do want to 
see the increase of enforcement on issues dealing with race where it is 
necessary.
  Unfortunately, in my own State, the Governor of the State was willing 
to put our Historically Black College in conservatorship even though he 
recognized that that would eliminate the accreditation of that school. 
That required an enforcement by the Department of Education and the 
Office of Civil Rights. They were completely missing in their 
enforcement responsibilities in that instance.
  So, Madam Chairman, it is a simple amendment that reinforces the 
importance of enforcement in the Office of

[[Page H8116]]

Civil Rights, broad based and needed, and I would ask my colleagues to 
support this amendment.
  Thank you for this opportunity to speak in support of my amendment to 
H.R. 3043, Departments of Labor, Health and Human Services, and 
Education, and Related Agencies Appropriations Act of 2008, and to 
commend Mr. Obey for his leadership in shepherding this bill through 
the legislative process. Among other agencies, this legislation funds 
the Office of Civil Rights, which ensures equal access to education and 
to promote educational excellence throughout the Nation through 
vigorous enforcement of civil rights.
  Madam Chairman, my amendment is simple but it sends a very important 
message from the Congress of the United States. My amendment emphasizes 
the decrease in funding by $2,000,000 and an increase in funding by 
$2,000,000 to better assist the Office in their support for 
Historically Black Colleges and Universities.
  Historically Black Colleges and Universities, frequently known as 
HBCUs are institutions of higher learning that were established before 
1964 with the intention of serving the African American community. 
Oftentimes people talk about HBCUs as if they were all the same, but 
nothing could be further from the truth. There are more than 100 HBCUs 
in the United States, and they come in all types and sizes. HBCUs can 
be public or private, and come in both the two-year and 4-year variety. 
Some are large, and some are small. HBCUs are located in 20 States, 
Washington, DC, the Virgin Islands, and in my great city, Houston, TX.
  Madam Chairman, one of Texas's great treasures, Texas Southern 
University (TSU), and like many other HBCUs need our assistance in 
continuing their legacies in providing superior educational 
opportunities to deserving young men and women. That mission cannot be 
accomplished if Congress does not take the appropriate action of 
validating my amendment into this bill. I am strongly opposed to any 
action or non-action that would prevent or restrict opportunities to 
people to gain knowledge away from these educational institutions. 
HBCUs pride themselves on educating American minorities, especially 
since there was a time in our Nation's history when people of minority 
status were withheld from their humane right to education.
  Madam Chairman, you may not be aware that there is a serious stigma 
associated with HBCUs in this Nation. Many stereotypes convey that 
HBCUs don't prepare students for the real world, or HBCUs have too many 
financial problems, and even non-HBCUs offer better quality of 
education. Many States are considering appointing a Conservator, an 
individual similar to a trustee in a bankruptcy case; the Conservator's 
duty would be to oversee the governance of the HBCUs in each particular 
State. This move would be unprecedented, never in the history of this 
Nation has an HBCU been placed on Conservatorship. This move is 
essentially a death sentence for all HBCUs. It would further validate 
the stereotypical stigmas attached to HBCUs around this country.

  Madam Chairman, I can tell you first hand that my very own state, 
Texas, is considering a Conservatorship program for its HBCU, Texas 
Southern University. This action does not befit the distinguished 
history of TSU, which includes notable alumni such as two former 
Members of the U.S. House of Representatives, Barbara Jordan and George 
``Mickey'' Leland, and will exacerbate rather than overcome the 
challenges facing TSU by demoralizing the faculty, alumni, and student 
body.
  Madam, Chairman, Congress must act to bring restoration back to the 
HBCU community. Right now as it stands, HBCUs are underfunded and are 
resource deprived. Many students are unable to access the proper books, 
supplies and current technology needed to obtain a quality education 
comparable to predominately white, wealthier institutions. The lack of 
educational resources will disproportionately affect the type of 
education students receive attending HBCUs. As a direct result many 
HBCUs' graduates are unable to compete effectively with the non-HBCU 
graduates in the workplace; contributing to the ever present socio-
economic disaster in America today.
  Many of the HBCUs living arrangements for their students lack in 
comparison to predominately white institutions. HBCUs' dormitories have 
several maintenance problems, insect infestations, and minimum house 
upkeep. This type of atmosphere is hardly conducive to the learning 
environment that students need to excel in their school work.
  For all these reasons, Madam Chairman, I urge adoption of my 
amendment and thank Mr. Obey for his courtesies, consideration, and 
very fine work in putting together this excellent legislation.

                    NAFEO Appeals to Governor Perry

       Washington, DC.--NAFEO urges Governor Perry to reconsider 
     his decision to eliminate the Texas Southern University, TSU, 
     Board and appoint a conservator for the University. NAFEO 
     President Lezli Baskerville said, ``Eliminating the Board 
     would most assuredly impact TSU's accreditation. The SACS 
     Principles of Accreditation require that its accreted 
     institutions have a board of directors. The elimination of 
     the Board could result in public sanction or loss of 
     accreditation. The appointing of a conservator would make 
     matters worse. It would cast a pall on and further 
     destabilize the University.'' ``It would also bode ill for 
     the University's accreditation and deter enrollment and fund 
     development--both of which have been on the rise in recent 
     years. It would have a negative impact on the morale of 
     faculty, administrators, staff, students and alumni. Some may 
     flee,'' she said. ``Surely this is not what Governor Perry 
     intends,'' Baskerville added.
       As the trade association for the presidents and chancellors 
     of all of the nation's Historically Black Colleges and 
     Universities, HBCUs, and predominantly black institutions, 
     NAFEO is uniquely situated to assist TSU through this 
     challenging situation and to return it to its position of 
     preeminence in the higher education community. NAFEO's 
     membership of sitting HBCU and PBI presidents, and its 
     network of former presidents and chancellors, academic vice 
     presidents, business and finance officers, accreditation 
     experts are willing, able and available to work with the 
     Governor, legislators, the state higher education executive 
     officer, TSU's Interim President J. Timothy Boddie, Jr., and 
     others to put in place the structure, systems and personnel 
     necessary to strengthen the institution.
       President Baskerville said, ``We are particularly concerned 
     that Governor Perry's decision to appoint a conservator 
     mimics a very disconcerting pattern. We have seen it in 
     Florida, where last month the Florida Board of Governors 
     established `The Task Force on FAMU Financial and Operational 
     Control Issues' and the state university system chancellor 
     said the worst case scenario `would be a decision not to fund 
     [FAMU]. And without funding, the university would cease to 
     exist.' ''
       ``The trend toward states' expanding academic programs and 
     establishing facility citadels at flagship and other 
     historically white institutions while disinvesting in HBCUs 
     is a problem we must quickly address. One of the challenges 
     for TSU and other HBCUs is that at no time have they been 
     provided public funding that would enable them to be 
     comparable and competitive to their white counterparts. 
     Today, when economic and social freedom are increasingly 
     linked to a postsecondary education, and when the data 
     demonstrate that HBCUs and PBIs are the most cost efficient 
     and in many regards the most effective institutions at 
     preparing disproportionate percentages of traditionally 
     underserved students--the growing populations of the State of 
     Texas and the Nation--states are continuing to invest 
     disproportionately fewer dollars in public HBCUs than in 
     their white counterparts. To be sure, this does not absolve 
     HBCUs from being exemplary stewards of whatever resources 
     they have. It does suggest that while it is critical to 
     examine management issues and to address deficits we must 
     simultaneously examine state policies, practices, 
     appropriations and finance issues to ensure equitable funding 
     that will take away from HBCUs and other under-funded 
     institutions the need to continue doing more with less than 
     their white counterparts and stretching disproportionately 
     fewer dollars to remain competitive. This often leads to 
     financial and other business practices that get under-funded 
     institutions into difficulty.'' NAFEO will send 
     representatives to Texas later this week to meet with its 
     members there and other stakeholders to learn more about how 
     NAFEO can play a central role in assisting Texas Southern 
     through this challenging time and return it to its 
     traditional luster.

  I yield back the balance of my time.
  Mr. OBEY. Madam Chairman, I move to strike the last word.
  The CHAIRMAN. The gentleman from Wisconsin is recognized for 5 
minutes.
  Mr. OBEY. I would simply say, in the interest of time, I will forgo 
any comments and simply say that, on this side, we have no objection to 
the gentlewoman's amendment.
  I yield back the balance of my time.
  The CHAIRMAN. The question is on the amendment offered by the 
gentlewoman from Texas (Ms. Jackson-Lee).
  The amendment was agreed to.


          Amendment No. 31 Offered by Ms. Jackson-Lee of Texas

  Ms. JACKSON-LEE of Texas. Madam Chairman, I offer an amendment.
  The CHAIRMAN. The Clerk will designate the amendment.
  The text of the amendment is as follows:

       Amendment No. 31 offered by Ms. Jackson-Lee of Texas:
       At the end of the bill (before the short title), insert the 
     following:
       Sec. __. The amount otherwise provided in this Act for 
     ``DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION--EDUCATION FOR THE DISADVANTAGED'' 
     is hereby decreased by $2,000,000 and increased by 
     $2,000,000.

  The CHAIRMAN. Pursuant to the order of the House of today, the 
gentlewoman from Texas (Ms. Jackson-Lee)

[[Page H8117]]

and a Member opposed each will control 5 minutes.
  The Chair recognizes the gentlewoman from Texas.
  Ms. JACKSON-LEE of Texas. Madam Chairman, as I indicated, I support 
this underlying bill and thank the chairman and ranking member for the 
work that they have done.
  All of us are concerned as we move forward with educating our 
children, particularly in the primary and secondary school. As I work 
with teachers and students and families regarding public school 
education, one of the great concerns has been the fallout of the Leave 
No Child Behind. I realize that going forward we will be looking at a 
reform of that legislation, but I thought it was important in the 
reduction and increase in funding in areas dealing with disadvantaged 
children, disadvantaged education opportunities to emphasize the 
importance of providing teaching, teaching and student relationships, 
over testing.
  Let me cite for you the dropout rates in the Hispanic and African 
American communities' percent of all dropouts.

                              {time}  0000

  Black and non-Hispanic, 27.2 percent, and the population is only 14 
percent. Hispanic, 20.8 percent dropout, and the population is 15.8 
percent. Much of that dropout came as a result of standardized testing 
when the students did not pass and, therefore, did not return back to 
high school.
  My amendment is simple. What it offers is an emphasis on teaching 
children, disadvantaged children, teaching more than testing, relating 
to the teacher-student relationship and providing teacher-based tests.
  Might I offer just a brief comment that indicates Texas Parents, 
Teachers Unhappy with Standardized Testing. What we need is a 
comprehensive approach to stop the high dropout rate, as this 
particular legislation has had. But, more importantly, to evaluate the 
idea of testing as opposed to teaching.
  I would ask my colleagues to support this amendment to emphasize the 
importance of thwarting the high dropout rate among Hispanics and 
African Americans and to emphasize the importance of teaching 
disadvantaged children so that they remain in school and to develop 
tests by teachers that will be more related to the subject that the 
student is learning.
  I ask my colleagues to support this amendment.
  Let me first thank my distinguished colleague Chairman Obey for his 
extraordinary leadership and guidance in crafting this bill.
  H.R. 3043 will play a crucial role in addressing and perhaps 
providing a cure for the many educational ills among this nation's 
poorest and most disadvantaged children. I fully support the spirit of 
the No Child Left Behind Act (NCLB) but I question its effectiveness in 
leaving no child behind.
  Madam Chairman, leaving no child left behind starts with ensuring 
that all students have adequate resources to meet their particular 
circumstances. That is why I offer my amendment which provides: The 
amount otherwise provided in this Act for ``Department of Education--
Title I for the Education of the Disadvantaged for ``carrying out title 
I of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965 (``ESEA'') (20 
U.S.C. 6301 et seq.)'' is hereby decreased by $2,000,000 and increased 
by $2,000,000. The purpose of my amendment, which decreases and then 
increases the funding in Title I for the Education of the 
Disadvantaged, is to address the special problems and challenges to 
disadvantaged communities and children posed by the No Child Left 
Behind Act.
  Madam Chairman, NCLB established goals everyone supports: high 
standards and accountability for the learning of all children. But NCLB 
is falling short of its goals for many reasons. Let's examine the 
purpose of NCLB which includes the following:
  To improve teacher and principal quality through research supported 
innovation in teacher and principal preparation programs;
  To increase the number of highly qualified teachers in the classroom 
and highly qualified principals and assistant principals in schools; 
and
  To foster an environment of collaboration among Pre-kindergarten 
through 12 school districts and universities and their units that 
prepare teachers and school administrators.
  Madam Chairman, regardless of the purpose of the bill, the reality is 
that a rigid one-size-fits-all approach to accountability does not 
work. Improving student learning is of vital importance, and we must be 
fully committed to creating great public schools with high academic 
standards for all students. Every child should be learning and 
succeeding in school, but the record reflects that many minority and 
disadvantaged students are struggling, and the reasons are as diverse 
and complex as the students themselves.
  Madam Chairman, all across this great nation the high school dropout 
rates of disadvantaged and underserved students are steadily 
increasing. Moreover, many school administrators are under-representing 
the number of high school dropouts. In my home state of Texas nearly it 
has been reported that 119,400 students fail to graduate with their 
peers each year. African-Americans and Hispanics suffer 
disproportionately. The rate of graduation for African-American 
students is 62 percent and 58 percent for Hispanics; while the rates of 
graduation for Asian and White students are 87 percent and 76 percent, 
respectively. This dismal reality not only cost individual students the 
opportunity to reach their goals, but also cost individual states and 
the entire country in a number of ways:
  Dropouts from the class of 2006 cost the state more than $31 billion 
in lost wages, taxes, and productivity over their lifetimes.
  If Texas's likely dropouts from the class of 2006 graduated instead, 
the state could save more than $1.6 billion in Medicaid and 
expenditures for uninsured care over the course of those young people's 
lifetimes.
  If Texas's high schools and colleges raise the graduation rates of 
Hispanic, African-American, and Native-American students to the levels 
of white students by 2020, the potential increase in personal income 
would add more than $46.5 billion to the state economy.

  Increasing the graduation rate and college matriculation of male 
students in Texas by only 5 percent could lead to combined savings and 
revenue of almost $691 million each year by reducing crime-related 
costs.
  Madam Chairman, we can reduce these costs exponentially by closing 
the achievement gaps between underserved students and those who are 
well served. Closing student achievement gaps is one of the most 
pressing challenges facing public education. Educators, with the 
support of the community, must reach all students--students from 
multiple ethnic, racial, language, and economic backgrounds; students 
of both genders; and students of comparable ability who are not 
currently achieving at equal academic levels.
  Madam Chairman, student accountability is very important; however, if 
we are to hold all students to the same high standards, we must provide 
all students with the same level of opportunity to reach those high 
standards. In particular among minority and underserved communities, it 
is clear that providing children a quality education will take more 
than just imposing rigorous testing standards and stringent teacher 
evaluations. Indeed, it will take a village including school staff, 
parents, business and community leaders, legislators, and other 
education groups to fulfill our responsibility of helping a diverse 
array of students meet high standards. We all know that not all 
students are situated equally financially, socially or emotionally. 
Many students are severely limited in their level of academic 
achievement by virtue of their low-income and impoverished financial 
status.
  Madam Chairman, minority students also have cultural and language 
limitations. It is extremely crucial to remember that improving 
educational achievements within minority and underserved communities 
requires the need to address culture, language, and economic 
differences within the educational curriculum. Helping learners make 
the link between their culture and the new knowledge and skills they 
encounter inside school is at the heart of ensuring that all students 
achieve at high levels. In addition, appreciation of diverse cultures 
is a philosophical concept built on the American ideals of freedom, 
justice, equality, equity, and human dignity.
  We have the opportunity to truly make a difference in student 
achievement among all our children and leave absolutely no child behind 
if we provide: free, universal preschool; smaller class sizes; a 
qualified and caring teacher in every classroom; a challenging 
curriculum; ample resources for all public schools, including those 
that serve poor and minority students; involved parents.
  We can achieve this through my amendment. I strongly urge all of my 
colleagues to support this amendment which will give the disadvantaged 
students in this country the chance to perform at the highest peak of 
their educational potentials.

[[Page H8118]]



 TABLE 1.--EVENT DROPOUT RATES AND NUMBER AND DISTRIBUTION OF 15- THROUGH 24-YEAR-OLDS WHO DROPPED OUT OF GRADES
                           10-12, BY SELECTED BACKGROUND CHARACTERISTICS: OCTOBER 2005
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                    Event      Number of
                                                   dropout       event      Population   Percent of   Percent of
                 Characteristic                      rate       dropouts     enrolled       all       population
                                                  (percent)   (thousands)  (thousands)    dropouts     enrolled
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Total......................................          3.8          414       10,870        100.0        100.0
Sex
    Male.......................................          4.2          233        5,515         56.3         50.7
    Female.....................................          3.4          181        5,355         43.7         49.3
Race/ethnicity
    White, non-Hispanic........................          2.8          196        6,897         47.3         63.5
Black, non-Hispanic                                      7.3          112        1,538         27.2         14.1
Hispanic                                                 5.0           86        1,717         20.8         15.8
    Asian/Pacific Islander, non-Hispanic.......          1.6            6          411          1.5          3.8
    More than one race.........................          4.9           12          241          2.9          2.2
Family income
    Low income.................................          8.9          137        1,544         33.1         14.2
    Middle income..............................          3.8          228        5,990         55.2         55.1
    High income................................          1.5           49        3,326         11.7         30.6
Age
    15-16......................................          2.1           72        3,347         17.4         30.8
    17.........................................          2.4           93        3,797         22.5         34.9
    18.........................................          3.9          105        2,693         25.3         24.8
    19.........................................          9.1           64          702         15.4          6.5
    20-24......................................         24.4           81          331         19.5          3.0
Recency of immigration
    Born outside the 50 states and District of
     Columbia..................................
        Hispanic...............................          5.9           25          418          6.0          3.8
        Non-Hispanic...........................          5.0           22          440          5.3          4.0
    First generation...........................
        Hispanic...............................          5.5           40          738          9.8          6.8
        Non-Hispanic...........................          1.2            9          759          2.2          7.0
    Second generation or higher................
        Hispanic...............................          3.7           21          562          5.0          5.2
        Non-Hispanic...........................          3.7          297        7,954         71.8         73.2
    Region.....................................
        Northeast..............................          3.8           79        2,074         19.1         19.1
        Midwest................................          3.1           80        2,570         19.4         23.6
        South..................................          4.4          165        3,754         39,9         34.5
        West...................................          3.6           90        2,472         21.7         22.7
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

       Texas Parents, Teachers Unhappy With Standardized Testing

       Georgetown.--Parents and educators told school trustees 
     they think the state's standardized achievement tests place 
     too much stress on children and limit what they learn.
       Speakers complained about the Texas Assessment of Academic 
     Skills and the Texas Assessment of Knowledge and Skills at a 
     forum held Tuesday by the school board to hear from the 
     public on topics that included elementary grade alignment and 
     teachers salaries.
       The TAAS, and the TAKS--which replaces the TAAS in the 
     spring, measure students skills in core subjects. The Texas 
     Education Agency uses exam scores to rate districts and 
     campuses. . . .

  Madam Chairman, I yield back the balance of my time.
  Mr. OBEY. I move to strike the last word
  The CHAIRMAN. The gentleman is recognized for 5 minutes.
  Mr. OBEY. I would simply say again that on this side of the aisle we 
have no objection to the gentlewoman's amendment.
  Mr. WALSH of New York. Madam Chairman, I move to strike the last 
word.
  The CHAIRMAN. The gentleman is recognized for 5 minutes.
  Mr. WALSH of New York. We have no objection to the amendment. We 
accept the amendment.
  Madam Chairman, I yield back the balance of my time.
  The CHAIRMAN. The question is on the amendment offered by the 
gentlewoman from Texas (Ms. Jackson-Lee).
  The amendment was agreed to.
  Mr. CONYERS. Madam Chairman, I rise not to oppose this legislation 
but to raise a very serious concern about a provision in the bill to 
mandate that the National Institutes of Health, NIH, change its public 
access policy for journal articles. Under this provision, the current, 
voluntary program to provide journal articles to NIH will now become a 
federally mandated requirement that private and nonprofit sector 
copyright owners provide their materials for posting--free-of-charge--
by NIH on its publicly available websites.
  I sympathize with the laudable goal of widely disseminating the 
results of publicly-funded research that comprises some of the 
information contained in these journals. And I am pleased to note that 
the bill does contain language stating ``that the NIH shall implement 
the public access policy in a manner consistent with copyright law.'' I 
trust that this provision will mean that the agency must cooperate with 
journal owners and authors to assure that their rights are fully 
protected and that they receive just compensation for this use of their 
works.
  However, I believe this new mandate will have unintended and negative 
consequences and will set worrisome precedents that may in the future 
actually diminish the amount of scientific, technical and medical 
information available to the public. By severely restricting the scope 
of protection for a critical class of copyrighted works, this provision 
could ultimately reduce incentives for publishers to continue to make 
substantial investments in conducting peer review of research prior to 
publication.
  Finally, this provision could send a mixed message to our trading 
partners about the importance of intellectual property rights, IPR, to 
our economy. Such a message may make it difficult to advocate strong 
IPR protection and enforcement abroad, including the U.S. government's 
efforts to spread respect for IPR abroad and slow the trend in 
compulsory licensing of pharmaceutical patents by other nations.
  Because this provision contains significant implications for IPR, the 
Committee on the Judiciary should have been given an opportunity to 
hold a hearing to further explore the complex issues involved.
  Mr. STARK. Madam Chairman, I rise today in strong support of making 
quality education and health care available to our children. The last 6 
years of Republican budgets created numerous human deficits--in health 
care, education, child care, and social services. This bill takes 
America in a new direction, beginning to fill those deficits with long 
overdue investments in Pell Grants, Head Start, public and special 
education programs and community health centers.
  President Bush has threatened to veto this bill because he claims it 
is fiscally irresponsible. Only in an absurd parallel universe, where 
Iraq really had weapons of mass destruction, would increasing the 
amount of Pell Grants so that low-income students can afford college be 
considered irresponsible. Only in a fictional world, where abstinence-
only education actually works, could increasing funding for childcare 
and Head Start be irresponsible.
  In the real world, these investments will generate valuable returns 
for--our children and our country. Passage of this bill is essential to 
repairing the safety net and providing our children with the world 
class education they need to become engaged and productive citizens.
  It is critical for the future of public education that the federal 
government provide states with the support they need to meet the 
laudable, but difficult goals set by President Bush's own No Child Left 
Behind Act, NCLB. Unfortunately, the President has negligently 
underfunded his own law by $50 million. This bill provides a $2 billion 
increase in K-12 education funding, rejects the President's proposed 
cuts for special education programs for the 6.9 million students with 
disabilities, and expands the Child Care Block Grant by $75 million.
  Today's legislation also takes a small step toward improving our 
broken health care system, in which tens of millions of people are 
uninsured or underinsured. It expands access to health care for 1.2 
million people by funding community health centers and state health 
access grants. This bill also makes overdue investments in the National 
Institutes of Health

[[Page H8119]]

by providing funds for 545 new research grants. Such grants fund 
breakthrough discoveries that can dramatically decrease suffering and 
disease.
  I hope my colleagues recognize that this bill paves the way for a 
healthier, better educated, and more compassionate society and urge 
them to join me in voting yes.
  Mr. ISRAEL. Madam Chairman, I come to the floor today to compliment 
the Chairman of the Labor, Health and Human Services and Education 
Appropriations bill, Mr. Obey, on preparing an excellent and well-
balanced appropriations bill. The large number of meritorious programs 
included in this bill creates difficult choices and the Chairman has 
done a great job balancing the competing interests and preparing a good 
bill for consideration in the full House.
  However, on behalf of my constituents I feel compelled to express one 
concern with regard to language in the bill that would require NIH 
funded scientists to submit to the NIH their peer-reviewed manuscripts 
approved for journal publication. While I believe it is important to 
expand access to articles on government sponsored research, my concern 
is that such a mandatory policy could harm some nonprofit scientific 
societies that depend largely on income generated by their journal 
publications.
  A mandatory policy like this could harm journal publishers who make 
substantial private-sector investments in the peer review, publishing, 
dissemination and archiving of these research articles. Scientific 
societies foster and promote our Nation's scientific endeavor, and 
these societies and their contributions to science should be protected.
  I have a substantial scientific publishing organization, the American 
Institute of Physics, in my district, in Melville, New York. The 
American Institute of Physics, AlP, was established in 1931 for the 
purpose of promoting physics and its application to human welfare. AlP 
is a 501(c)(3) membership corporation of ten physical science and 
astronomy societies serving a combined membership of more than 125,000 
scientists, engineers and students. AlP is a large publisher of physics 
journals and produces publications of more than 25 scientific and 
engineering societies through its New York-based publishing division. 
My concerns on this issue are to protect and support our Nation's 
scientific infrastructure and a viable export industry. The issue has 
been highlighted for me by my constituents in Melville, NY.
  I also want to voice concerns with the rescission of $335 million 
from unexpended Workforce Investment Act, WIA, funds included in the 
bill. I fully support increasing funding for the Individuals with 
Disabilities Act, IDEA, the program this rescinded WIA funding was 
redirected towards in an amendment during full committee consideration 
of the bill. I've advocated for increasing funding for IDEA since I 
first came to Congress in 2000. However, I am concerned about the use 
of WIA as an offset.
  Unexpended WIA funding is not actually ``unspent carryover.'' It is 
either obligated for services, such as training, or set aside to 
respond to mass layoffs and other unpredictable economic events. And 
the Government Accountability Office, in a study on WIA expenditures, 
found that WIA funds are spent ``much faster than required under the 
law.'' WIA regulations give local governments three years to spend 
Title I-B Adult and two years to spend Youth and Dedicated Worker 
funds. Local governments have been complying with the law.
  Further, carryover was an intentional spending strategy built into 
WIA as a planned management strategy to assure proper and consistent 
operation of the workforce system. Since the WIA system must respond to 
unforeseen economic events such as plant closings, mass layoffs or 
disaster relief, some funds must be held in reserve to enable immediate 
response.
  This rescission could impact the local workforce system and their 
ability to train workers. It is estimated that my state's share of the 
national rescission would be nearly $28 million.
  I recognize the tough choices we need to make in a difficult budget 
environment and believe the Chairman prepared an excellent bill which I 
was proud to support in committee and I am proud to support today on 
the floor. And again, I fully support an increase in funding for IDEA. 
However, I wanted to express this concern regarding WIA rescissions and 
highlight the impact it can have on states like mine.
  Mr. OBEY. Madam Chairman, I move that the Committee do now rise.
  The motion was agreed to.
  Accordingly, the Committee rose; and the Speaker pro tempore (Ms. 
Jackson-Lee of Texas) having assumed the chair, Mrs. Tauscher, Chairman 
of the Committee of the Whole House on the state of the Union, reported 
that that Committee, having had under consideration the bill (H.R. 
3043) making appropriations for the Departments of Labor, Health and 
Human Services, and Education, and related agencies for the fiscal year 
ending September 30, 2008, and for other purposes, had come to no 
resolution thereon.

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