Amendment Text: H.Amdt.935 — 110th Congress (2007-2008)

There is one version of the amendment.

Shown Here:
Amendment as Offered (02/07/2008)

This Amendment appears on page H752-753 in the following article from the Congressional Record.



[Pages H645-H783]
From the Congressional Record Online through the Government Publishing Office [www.gpo.gov]




           COLLEGE OPPORTUNITY AND AFFORDABILITY ACT OF 2007

  The SPEAKER pro tempore. Pursuant to House Resolution 956 and rule 
XVIII, the Chair declares the House in the Committee of the Whole House 
on the state of the Union for the further consideration of the bill, 
H.R. 4137.

                              {time}  1305


                     In the Committee of the Whole

  Accordingly, the House resolved itself into the Committee of the 
Whole

[[Page H646]]

House on the state of the Union for the further consideration of the 
bill (H.R. 4137) to amend and extend the Higher Education Act of 1965, 
and for other purposes, with Mr. Pastor in the chair.
  The Clerk read the title of the bill.
  The CHAIRMAN. When the Committee of the Whole rose earlier today, the 
gentleman from Texas (Mr. Hinojosa) had 10\1/2\ minutes remaining. The 
gentleman from Florida (Mr. Keller) had 16 minutes remaining.
  Mr. KELLER of Florida. Mr. Chairman, at this time I yield 2 minutes 
to the gentleman from New York (Mr. Fossella).
  Mr. FOSSELLA. I thank the gentleman for yielding.
  Mr. Chairman, I would like to call attention to two provisions in 
this legislation, one in the manager's amendment and one in the 
underlying legislation passed in the Education and Labor Committee. The 
first provision allows colleges and universities to apply for a non-
Federal matching grant for fire prevention technologies through an 
already established program via the Department of Education. These 
funds will be used to professionally install fire prevention devices in 
student housing, dormitories, and other buildings on campus. More 
people are alive today, we know, Mr. Chairman, because of fire 
detection, and this provision will help prevent fires in college 
housing and save many lives in the process.
  We don't need to be reminded of, for example, Seton Hall University 
several years ago that had a devastating fire in one of the college 
buildings that resulted in student deaths. The last thing, I think, a 
parent wants to discover or hear is that their child was injured or, 
worse, killed in a fire while away at college.
  The other provision was included in the manager's amendment with the 
help of Chairman Miller and Ranking Member McKeon. The provision will 
provide colleges and universities with additional funds to acquire 
security cameras, intrusion detection sensors, and other technologies 
to protect students, faculty, and campus visitors. Allowing colleges 
and universities the opportunity to use these funds will provide the 
higher education community with a safer environment, again, one where 
parents can go to bed at night not worrying whether or not their 
children are safe so far away from home.
  As we all have colleges and universities, chances are, throughout the 
country in our districts, whether St. John's University in Staten 
Island or Wagner College, we all know that this funding and these 
provisions will go a long way to help their campuses become more secure 
and more safe.
  Mr. HINOJOSA. Mr. Chairman, I am pleased to recognize a very well-
recognized member of our Education and Labor Committee, the gentleman 
from New York (Mr. Bishop) for 2 minutes.
  Mr. BISHOP of New York. I want to thank Chairman Miller and Chairman 
Hinojosa and Ranking Member McKeon and Ranking Member Keller for their 
good and bipartisan work on this bill. This is, in fact, a bipartisan 
effort. It passed out of the Education Committee by a unanimous vote, 
and I think that that suggests that this is a very good product. It 
closely resembles the Senate bill, so we should be able to conference 
it quickly, and it continues the strong work that this Congress has 
done on a bipartisan basis to improve access and affordability for 
higher education.
  We have twice now, on a bipartisan basis, saved the SEOG program and 
the Perkins loan program. We have increased the Pell Grant maximum, and 
we have cut interest rates in half.
  Let me just go over a couple of the high points of the bill.
  It strengthens the Perkins loan program, a loan program that the 
administration seems determined to kill but has broad bipartisan 
support in this Congress. We've increased the maximums that students 
may borrow. We also have mandated that the assignment of the proceeds 
of defaulted loans that are collected by the department will reverse 
back to the campus revolving loan funds so that those loan funds will 
remain fully funded. It increases the cohort default rate window so 
that the default rate is now measured over a 3-year period as opposed 
to a 2-year period. That will protect students and it will also provide 
greater accountability and stewardship of taxpayer funds. It restricts 
the Secretary's authority with respect to negotiated rulemaking on 
accreditation standards, and this is important as many believe that an 
effort is underway to federalize education, and we believe that these 
aspects of higher education are best left to higher education 
professionals. It reinstates the Federal role in supporting cooperative 
education. It simplifies the FAFSA process. It has very clear language 
on transfer of credit. And it incorporates the full provisions of our 
Student Loan Sunshine Act.
  So from every vantage point, this is a first-rate piece of work, and 
I urge my colleagues to support it.
  Mr. KELLER of Florida. Mr. Chairman, at this time I yield 3 minutes 
to the gentleman from Pennsylvania (Mr. Tim Murphy).
  Mr. TIM MURPHY of Pennsylvania. I thank the gentleman for yielding.
  And I would also like to thank Chairman Miller and Ranking Member 
McKeon for assistance in putting a very important part into this bill.
  Universities have no trouble finding parents when it comes time to 
ask for the tuition check. And, sadly, schools can find parents when 
tragedies occur, such as Virginia Tech, when it comes time to call a 
parent to give them bad news on what happened to their student. But one 
of the greatest fears parents have is their students' safety while they 
are at the university or college. And a while ago, when a gunman killed 
32 people and wounded others, it was just one of the tragedies that 
occurs on campus. There are many other stories as well.
  In my district in Pennsylvania, Charles and Debi Mahoney lost their 
son, Chuck, to suicide. And as he suffered from depression, his 
fraternity brothers, his ex-girlfriend, and college therapist, et 
cetera, all knew he was in danger and warned the college. But a legal 
barrier under the Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act of 1974, 
known as FERPA, prevented the school from notifying Chuck's parents, 
who could have gotten him the help he needed.
  Unfortunately, Chuck's story is not unusual. Each day an average of 
three college students commit suicide. While in college, 11 percent of 
men and 9 percent of women consider suicide. While they may not all act 
on their thoughts, we need to ensure schools are able to contact 
parents to get them the help they need not only for the safety of the 
child but also of others on campus.
  Parents may be in the best position to help students suffering from 
significant mental illness by providing emotional support, medical 
history, coordinating care with various mental health and medical 
professionals, and long-term follow-up. Parents will be around long 
after the school is gone.
  Today we are breaking down the legal barrier preventing schools from 
communicating with parents. Section 865 of the bill before us today is 
modeled after the Mental Health Security for America's Families in 
Education Act, H.R. 2220, which I authored. It will prevent future 
campus tragedies by requiring the Secretary of Education to clarify 
FERPA so schools can contact parents when a student is at risk of 
suicide, homicide, or physical assault. It will also protect schools 
acting in good faith from liability.
  This is a good bill that will make college campuses safer. It will 
give families peace of mind.
  Mr. HINOJOSA. Mr. Chairman, I am pleased to recognize a former 
Cornell College professor and now member of the Education and Labor 
Committee, the gentleman from Iowa (Mr. Loebsack), for 2 minutes.
  Mr. LOEBSACK. Mr. Chairman, I think I will probably speak just 1 
minute, but thank you. I appreciate that very much.
  As a long-time political science teacher at Cornell College in Mount 
Vernon, Iowa, I am proud to join in support of this bipartisan 
legislation. I know the college system well. In addition to my teaching 
experience, I have visited the colleges and universities throughout 
Iowa's Second District. I have heard firsthand the struggles students 
face. By expanding the year-round Pell Grant, the students I've met 
with, especially at Iowa's community colleges like Kirkwood and Indian 
Hills, will be able to expedite their studies, enter the workforce 
sooner, and achieve the American Dream.
  I am also pleased to see many rural education provisions in this 
bill. In

[[Page H647]]

Iowa, 46 percent of schools are in rural areas, and they serve close to 
170,000 students. Iowa's rural education system is impressive, but we 
should be doing more to give rural students the resources they need to 
succeed.
  This legislation makes college more affordable and accessible to 
students, and I strongly support it and in no small measure because, 
again, of the bipartisan support that so many folks on this committee 
have demonstrated.
  Mr. KELLER of Florida. Mr. Chairman, at this time I reserve the 
balance of my time.
  Mr. HINOJOSA. Mr. Chairman, I am pleased to recognize my friend and 
colleague, the gentlewoman from New York (Mrs. McCarthy) for 1\1/2\ 
minutes.

                              {time}  1315

  Mrs. McCARTHY of New York. I thank the gentleman from Texas.
  I stand in strong support of H.R. 4137, the College Opportunity and 
Affordability Act. Our Nation's future is in our education, and we must 
ensure our students have access to affordable higher education that 
will prepare them to excel in the global economy. I want to thank 
Chairman Miller and his staff for all the hard work that they did to 
get this bipartisan bill out of committee and to the floor and also to 
Ranking Member McKeon. I would also like to thank the chairman for 
including some key priorities of mine.
  The legislation authorizes Project GRAD USA as an ongoing Federal 
program. This national program has successfully increased the number of 
low-income students to attend college and earn degrees. We are also 
providing opportunities for nurses as our Nation faces a severe nursing 
shortage by creating programs to increase the number of nursing 
students and nurse educators. Degrees also from rabbinical schools 
which will be able to continue to be recognized at the equivalency of a 
bachelor's degree.
  We all understand the need for increased campus security. This 
legislation will improve current campus safety policies to ensure 
students are protected and will include improvements to emergency 
response policies and whistle-blower protections for students.
  Career and technical schools will offer a great alternative to 
traditional 4-year colleges and are especially helpful to students in 
my district.
  By passing this bill, we will improve current law for career colleges 
and technical school students by providing students with more 
opportunity to attend these vital institutions and enter the global 
economy with marketable skills.
  Mr. KELLER of Florida. Mr. Chairman, at this time I yield 3 minutes 
to the gentleman from Connecticut (Mr. Shays).
  Mr. SHAYS. Mr. Chairman, I thank my colleague for yielding.
  I start with these basic truisms: that higher education is not a 
luxury, it is a public good; that access to higher education is 
critical for maintaining our global competitiveness; that many of our 
economic competitors overseas invest more in higher education 
institutions than we do; and that research shows that 80 percent of the 
1.7 million new jobs expected to be created by the end of the decade 
will be occupations requiring a higher-education degree.
  I believe the Federal Government has a significant role in the very 
earliest part of a child's education, prekindergarten, providing grants 
to incentivize our local communities to begin to think about educating 
our very, very young, and that it has a requirement to make sure that 
young people in our schools don't fall through the cracks or gaping 
holes. But I am absolutely certain from my heart that the Federal 
Government needs to play a much more significant role in higher 
education.
  I, as a Member of Congress, have opportunities at community meetings 
to meet with constituents like all of you do. And I will never forget, 
about 5 years after I was elected, a young woman came to me and said, I 
want to tell you a story, and I was waiting until my youngest brother 
graduated from graduate school. She said, my father died when I was 12 
years old, and I am the oldest of seven children. She said, my mother 
was a school teacher. She said, my mother had one determination, that 
we would all graduate not just with a university college degree but 
with advanced degrees, all seven. And she said, just a few weeks ago, 
my youngest brother did, in fact, graduate. She said, there is a doctor 
of medicine in my family, a doctor of philosophy at a university, a 
lawyer, a school teacher with advanced degrees, and I am forgetting the 
other three what they had. But they all had advanced degrees. And this 
was someone who knew the value of education, a school teacher.
  I am continually reminded about the impact of what we did with our 
GIs after World War II and the stimulation this had for our economy. 
And I think of countries like Ireland today that are providing free 
education, advanced-degree education, and what it has done for their 
economy.
  To end, this young woman with six younger siblings, all with advanced 
degrees, said, I can't say they are happier, but I can tell you this, 
that they have far more options, that their income is higher, they have 
more choices, and they can make a greater contribution to society.
  I hope that we can continue to work on this legislation. I think it 
is a major step forward.
  Mr. HINOJOSA. Mr. Chairman, I am pleased to recognize a distinguished 
member of our Education and Labor Committee, Mr. Rob Andrews from New 
Jersey, for 1\1/2\ minutes.
  (Mr. ANDREWS asked and was given permission to revise and extend his 
remarks.)
  Mr. ANDREWS. Mr. Chairman, I congratulate Chairman Hinojosa, Chairman 
Miller, Mr. Keller and Mr. McKeon for their excellent work on this 
bill.
  In the global economic competition, the difference between winning 
and losing is having skilled workers or not having skilled workers. 
This bill takes a major step forward in making sure that we have 
skilled workers, that America puts its best team on the field at all 
times.
  There are two specific areas I commend the leadership of the 
committee for including in this bill. The first has to do with autistic 
men and women. A lot of autistic children make great strides in their 
lives and they become very able, very empowered people. But then they 
graduate from high school, and they age out of their education, and the 
supportive, intensive learning environment that they need is very often 
no longer there.
  This bill has provisions to help establish residential, high-quality, 
post-secondary programs for autistic men and for autistic women.
  This bill says to the men and women who wear the military uniform of 
our country that when they come back to campus, they will be welcome. 
An anomaly in the existing law says that a young man or a young woman 
who is deployed and goes overseas and fights for our country, when he 
or she comes back, they may be treated as a returning student, has had 
a gap in their student life, which means they go to the back of the 
list for enrollment in special courses, for financial aid and for many 
other purposes. This bill corrects that and recognizes that when a 
young man or woman serves, they should be rewarded. We should all 
support this bill on a bipartisan basis.
  Mr. KELLER of Florida. Mr. Chairman, at this time we will continue to 
reserve the balance of our time.
  Mr. HINOJOSA. Mr. Chairman, at this time I am pleased to recognize 
the honorable gentleman from Massachusetts, Congressman John Tierney, 
for 2 minutes.
  Mr. TIERNEY. I thank the chairman.
  This is all about access and affordability. It is foremost in 
people's minds, whether you speak to people in the business community, 
you talk to academics or elected representatives or families and 
students, they are talking about opportunity for individuals, talking 
about the national economic security of this country and our need for 
innovators, for leaders, for people in the science, technology, 
engineering and math fields, and in business we are talking about 
global competitiveness, the need to have people with more than just a 
high school degree in order to lead our businesses and fill our jobs.
  This bill addresses these concerns, and it builds on last summer's 
college cost reduction bill which put $20 billion in over the next 5 
years, additional Pell Grants to get more students into college, and 
reduction of loan interest

[[Page H648]]

rates so students will be able to afford those loans they were forced 
to take.
  This present bill speaks to cost containment. It has a provision in 
there for public higher education, for maintenance of efforts. This is 
a partnership between the Federal Government, between families and the 
students that are involved, and States. This maintenance of effort will 
no longer allow States to supplant their obligation by taking Federal 
aid or raising tuition and fees. They will have to step up to the plate 
on a rather modest level required in order to get the benefit of 
getting aid that other people would get.
  This bill also has a provision for all universities and colleges that 
if they keep their tuition and fee increases below the higher education 
price index, then they will be rewarded for additional grant money on 
their campuses to distribute among Pell student recipients; and if they 
make the promise over 5 years and keep it, they will get additional 
bonuses as well.
  We have a ``service pays'' provision in there for people that are 
going into public service jobs, from prosecutors to teachers going into 
difficult areas, to health care and public health people, loan 
forgiveness of up to $10,000 to smooth their way on that basis, 
alternative paths to teaching. For those people that are in mid-career 
and decide they want to teach, we have offered partnerships to make 
that happen to enhance our Teacher Corps. We have endowment information 
so we can find whether or not the public policy of allowing people to 
not pay taxes if they donate to schools actually has a result of going 
into education.
  All of these things are important. This is a good bill. We respect 
the fact that it came out of committee in unanimous form, and we look 
forward to support on the floor.
  Mr. KELLER of Florida. Mr. Chairman, at this time I yield 3 minutes 
to the gentlewoman from Washington (Mrs. McMorris Rodgers).
  Mrs. McMORRIS RODGERS. Mr. Chairman, our economy is growing more 
diverse and increasingly global. American competitiveness and ingenuity 
is dependent on a skilled workforce that reflects the needs of our 
economy.
  As the first in my family to graduate from college, I realize the 
value and importance of a good education. It is the doorway to success 
and a critical piece to making our country more competitive in a global 
economy. Countless studies also detail how dramatically income 
increases with each successive achievement in education from high 
school, college, to advanced degrees.
  As someone who is still paying off student loans, I understand the 
challenges faced by parents and children who watch the dramatic 
increases in the cost of a college education. While I don't agree with 
every provision in this bill, I am pleased that we have a bill that 
aims to improve America's competitiveness, seeks to make college more 
affordable, and cracks down on fraudulent practices of diploma mills 
where people manufacture fake diplomas.
  First, this bill includes language that I have been working on for a 
couple of years to improve our competitiveness. Today, we often hear 
that over half of China's undergraduate degrees are in math, science, 
or engineering. Unfortunately, only 16 percent of American 
undergraduates pursue these fields. In 2002, foreign nationals 
accounted for over half of all engineering and math doctorates and 
almost half of all computer science doctorates.
  To meet the demands of an increasingly technological, advanced global 
marketplace, we must improve the training and the education of our 
Nation. Through the Byrd Honors Scholarships, we will refocus the 
program to award graduate and postgraduate scholarships to U.S. 
students studying math, science, engineering, or computer science 
providing they agree to work in the field for 5 years following their 
graduation. In addition, this bill includes a compromise to incorporate 
adjunct content specialists into the Byrd scholarship program to 
provide grants to schools to recruit adjunct content specialists from 
experts in math, science, and critical foreign languages.
  I have worked diligently on this since coming to Congress. We need to 
allow qualified professionals to take time out of their career and 
enter the classroom and share the real-world experience. I believe our 
education can be improved if we allow smart and successful people, like 
a Bill Gates, to spend some time in the classroom.
  However, we are not simply seeing a shortage of engineers and 
scientists. America must focus and train all demand skills, including 
home-grown welders, plumbers, auto mechanics, lab technicians, doctors, 
nurses, and pharmacy techs. In my eastern Washington district, 
manufacturers are turning away job applicants because they do not have 
the math skills needed.
  Mr. GEORGE MILLER of California. I yield 1 minute to the gentleman 
from New Jersey (Mr. Pascrell).
  (Mr. PASCRELL asked and was given permission to revise and extend his 
remarks.)
  Mr. PASCRELL. Mr. Chairman, I support H.R. 4137. It is a great piece 
of legislation. I commend Chairman Miller and Ranking Member McKeon and 
all the members of the committee. I think that this is truly visionary 
with regard to the cost, restoring integrity and accountability, and 
expanding college access.
  I am the first member of my family to have the opportunity to go to 
college. I deeply appreciate what the committee has done. There is one 
part of the bill I want to provide emphasis to and that is the fire 
safety part. I have worked on this issue for over 7 years. I was deeply 
involved in the issue after the horrific fire at Seton Hall University 
in South Orange in 2000. We lost three students. Fifty-eight other 
students were injured severely.
  This horrible tragedy made it clear that something needed to be done 
to educate students, their families, the faculty and the staff about 
the dangers of fires on campuses; and that is why I introduced the 
Campus Fire Safety Right to Know Act. Parents and students have a right 
to know about the school's campus fire safety policies and records.
  I ask full support of this legislation, and I thank the committee 
members again for the great work they did.
  I rise today in strong support for the College Opportunity and 
Affordability Act, H.R. 4137, and I commend Chairman Miller and Ranking 
Member McKeon for bringing this worthy measure to the floor.
  This comprehensive, bipartisan bill will reauthorize the Higher 
Education Act through FY 2012 while addressing concerns about the cost 
of education, restoring integrity and accountability to student loan 
programs, expanding college access and support for low income and 
minority students, and strengthening our workforce and competitiveness.
  In addition, H.R. 4137 addresses an issue that I have made a priority 
for over 8 years, which is vital to the safety and security of American 
college students--fire safety on our college campuses.
  The statistics relating to fire safety on college campuses are 
startling. Each year, thousands of fires rage through the campuses and 
off-campus housing of our colleges and universities.
  I became deeply involved in the issue of campus fire safety after 
experiencing the terrible aftermath of a catastrophic fire at Seton 
Hall University in South Orange, New Jersey, in 2000. That fire killed 
three young freshmen and wounded 58 other students in a dorm on campus.
   This horrible tragedy made it clear that something needed to be done 
to educate students, their families, faculty, and staff about the 
danger of fires on the campuses of our colleges and universities.
  As such, I introduced the ``Campus Fire Safety Right to Know Act,'' a 
version of which is included in the bill we are considering today.
  The campus fire safety reporting requirement in H.R. 4137 mandates 
that colleges and universities provide prospective and current students 
and parents with a report of the school's campus fire safety policies 
and records.
  Educating students about fire safety during their time in school will 
have a strong impact on the choices they make in the future. If we can 
influence what they learn, we can create a more fire-safe generation 
for tomorrow and potentially save thousands of lives.
  I want to once again state my strong support for this legislation. As 
the first member of my family to attend college, I applaud the Chairman 
and Ranking Member for their dedication to making the dream of a 
college education a reality for so many Americans who otherwise would 
not have had that chance.

[[Page H649]]

                              {time}  1330

  The CHAIRMAN. The gentleman from Florida has 6\1/2\ minutes. The 
gentleman from California has 1 minute.
  The gentleman from California has the right to close.
  The Chair recognizes the gentleman from Florida.
  Mr. KELLER of Florida. Thank you, Mr. Chairman.
  Let me just compare where we are today in Pell Grants versus where we 
were in 2000 when I was elected to show you why I have so much optimism 
about the good things being done in this bill and others.
  In 2000, there were 3.9 million students getting Pell Grants. This 
year, 5\1/2\ million students are getting Pell Grants. In 2000, the 
maximum award was $3,300 per student. This year, it is about 4,800 per 
student, and based on the College Cost Reduction and Access Act that 
President Bush signed into law in September, it is going to go up to 
$5,400 in the next couple years. In 2000, our overall Pell Grant 
funding was $7.6 billion. Now it is double that amount.
  We have made a substantial investment in the lives of these young 
people to make sure that every single child in America, rich or poor, 
has the opportunity to get a college education. We have reason for 
optimism. We are working together in a bipartisan manner on these 
higher education issues, and I urge my colleagues to support this 
legislation.
  I reserve the balance of my time.
  Mr. GEORGE MILLER of California. I have 1 minute and I just have one 
speaker left.
  Mr. McKEON. Mr. Chairman, I would be happy to yield 2 minutes to my 
colleague on the other side, the gentleman from Wisconsin (Mr. Kind).
  Mr. KIND. Mr. Chairman, I thank my good friend and colleague from 
California for yielding me time.
  Mr. Chairman, I rise in strong support of the reauthorization of the 
Higher Education Act before us today. As a former member of the 
Education and Workforce Committee, I am proud of the bipartisan work 
that the committee has done on this legislation. In fact, it is one of 
the most important pieces of legislation we will be considering all 
year, because we are talking about access and affordability for more 
for students to be able to go and develop the skills they need to be 
competitive in the global marketplace.
  I also want to especially thank a number of individuals who helped 
include in this reauthorization the Realtime Writers Act, which is 
vitally important. In the 1996 Telecom Act, we mandated that every 
television station had to have closed captioning for the hearing-
impaired community. The problem is we are not producing enough students 
with those real-time captioning skills in order to meet that mandate.
  Furthermore, virtually every courthouse throughout America is 
experiencing vast shortages of official court reporters, who are the 
guardians of our public record, and yet we are not producing the 
students in order to meet that pent-up demand and pursue that noble and 
important career.
  I want to thank Representative Andrews, who was helpful in steering 
this and making it a part of the Higher Education Act. Mr. Regula was a 
cosponsor of the original legislation with me. Senator Harkin has been 
the leader and champion on the Senate side to promote this bill. And I 
thank them for their support as well as the terrific work of the 
National Court Reporters Association in educating our colleagues.
  I also want to commend Representatives Hare and Loebsack for the 
amendment that they offered and got adopted in this legislation that 
would provide competitive grants for rural leadership training skills 
for superintendents and principals throughout the country.
  As those on the committee are well aware, we are facing a demographic 
challenge, with over 50 percent of the superintendents and principals 
about to retire in this country in the next 5 years. Not only is 
quality teaching in the classroom important, but also the quality of 
leadership in schools and school districts around the country is 
vitally important as to how well those schools are going to perform for 
our students.
  So, again, I commend the committee for the work product that they 
have before us today, the bipartisan work that they have been able to 
do, and I encourage my colleagues to support this reauthorization.
  Mr. McKEON. Mr. Chairman, I yield myself the balance of my time.
  For years, Republicans have fought on behalf of students and families 
to make college more affordable. Now our cause is bipartisan and our 
vision for reform is the centerpiece of comprehensive Higher Education 
Act reauthorization.
  For students and families grappling with rising college costs, this 
bill establishes college affordability comparison tools to help put 
cost increases into perspective. Students will be able to search, sort, 
and compare key cost indicators for every school in the country. We 
will identify institutions that are the most costly, the least costly, 
and those with the fastest rising costs. And for schools engaging in a 
pattern of extraordinary high cost increases, we demand greater 
disclosure and concrete steps to identify inefficiencies and fix them. 
This legislation reflects Republican principles for reform, including 
financial aid simplification, protection of student privacy, safeguards 
for taxpayer dollars, emphasis on competitiveness, and many more 
positive reforms.
  We would not have this bill before us today without the hard work of 
staff on both sides of the aisle. I want to thank Amy Jones in 
particular for her tireless efforts to ensure this bill includes 
meaningful college cost reforms. I also want to recognize Brad Thomas 
and Susan Ross on my staff, along with outgoing staff director Vic 
Klatt and his successor, Sally Stroup, a higher education policy expert 
in her own right.
  I would also like to recognize Chairman Miller's staff, including 
Gaby Gomez, Julie Radocchia, and Jeff Appel.
  Throughout the day, we will consider a number of amendments. Some 
would make the bill stronger, while others are unquestionably bad 
policy that would send us backward. However, it is the give-and-take of 
a bipartisan legislative process that has produced the strong bill 
before us, and I am hopeful that at the end of the day we will be able 
to secure strong, bipartisan passage of this bill, to make our higher 
education system more accessible and affordable.
  Mr. Chairman, I yield back the balance of my time.
  Mr. GEORGE MILLER of California. Mr. Chairman, I yield the balance of 
my time to the gentlewoman from New Hampshire (Ms. Shea-Porter), a 
member of the committee.
  The CHAIRMAN. The gentlewoman is recognized for 1 minute.
  Ms. SHEA-PORTER. I thank Chairman Miller for his leadership on this 
bipartisan legislation.
  Mr. Chairman, I rise today to express my strong support for H.R. 
4137, the College Opportunity and Affordability Act. Last year, the 
Democratically led 110th Congress cut interest rates on student loans 
in half over a 5-year period in order to help American families pay for 
college.
  This year we have continued our commitment to the poor and to the 
middle class by expanding college access. College loans are getting 
more expensive. By working and through student loans, I was able to 
attend college full time, but today, many students can only attend part 
time because of financial or family obligations. They also have to 
attend summer sessions so they can get through college more quickly. 
This legislation will help them by expanding Pell Grant eligibility for 
these part-time, year-round students.
  One of this Congress' priorities is to make it easier to earn a 
college education. This legislation honors our commitment. As a member 
of the Education and Labor Committee, I proudly support this 
legislation and I urge my colleagues to do the same.
  Mr. SCOTT of Virginia. Mr. Chairman, I rise today in support of the 
College Opportunity and Affordability Act of 2007. I would like to 
thank Chairman George Miller, Ranking Member McKeon, Chairman Hinojosa, 
and Ranking Member Keller for their work on this bill, which goes a 
long way toward making higher education attainable for all.
  The College Opportunity and Affordability Act of 2007 contains 
several helpful provisions for students. First, the bill increases the 
authorized maximum Pell Grant award from

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$5,800 to $9,000. In addition, the bill further decreases student 
interest rates. The bill also includes a feasibility study on giving 
students more flexibility in refinancing their loans by making student 
loans more like home mortgages, in which borrowers can switch back and 
forth from variable rates to fixed rates as the market's conditions 
change.
  H.R. 4137 increases support for Historically Black Colleges and 
Universities and Minority Serving Institutions.
  This bill also helps schools affected by a disaster. An Education 
Disaster and Emergency Relief Loan Program is created to provide 
emergency loan funds to schools after a Federal declared major disaster 
or emergency, including those schools affected by the 2005 Gulf 
Hurricanes. Additionally, the bill requires the Secretary to create a 
disaster relief plan for schools and LEAs adversely affected by 
disasters.
  The College Opportunity and Affordability Act of 2007 also addresses 
several additional critical issues. The bill provides loan forgiveness 
for areas of national need, including early childhood educators, child 
welfare workers, school counselors, and mental health professionals. In 
addition, the bill creates a grant program, to help nonprofit 
organizations, in collaboration with higher education institutions and 
their students, that seek to promote cultural diversity in the 
entertainment media industry. Finally, the bill creates a new 
competitive grant program to strengthen and develop college-level 
programs in the rapidly growing field of modeling and simulation.
  I am pleased that the bill also includes a study to be performed by 
GAO on whether any race, ethnicity, or gender biases are present in the 
design of standardized tests used for admission to institutions of 
higher learning. This language should enable GAO to acquire data from 
the testing companies because of the link between the tests and the 
federal money that the schools receive who use these admissions tests.
  H.R. 4137 also seeks to make campuses more safe by creating a 
National Center for Campus Public Safety to train campus public safety 
agencies, encourage research to strengthen college safety and security, 
and serve as a clearinghouse for the dissemination of relevant campus 
public safety information. The bill also requires the Department of 
Education to conform hate crime reporting requirements to FBI 
guidelines to more accurately report incidents of hate crimes on our 
campuses.
  Finally, the bill includes several positive changes to the TRIO 
programs, which provide assistance to low-income and first generation 
college-going students. The bill eliminates unreasonable evaluation 
requirements imposed on Upward Bound programs by the Department of 
Education without requiring a recompetition. In addition, the bill 
creates an appeals process for TRIO programs to ensure that the 
grantmaking process is fair and equitable.
  One item not addressed in H.R. 4137 is the provision under current 
law that prohibits students who are convicted of certain drug offenses 
from receiving federal student financial aid. This provision unfairly 
targets poor and minority students, increases long-term costs to 
society, creates double jeopardy for students who have already paid 
their debt to society, and lacks evidence of effectiveness. For these 
reasons and others, I hope that we can address this critical access 
issue as this bill moves through the legislative process.
  For the foregoing reasons, I support the bill and urge my colleagues 
to support it.
  Mr. HOYER. Mr. Chairman, today--in a bipartisan vote--this House will 
pass critical legislation designed to expand college access and to make 
higher education more affordable for millions of American students.
  This legislation, the College Opportunity and Affordability Act, 
builds on the College Cost Reduction Act--legislation enacted last year 
that, among other things, increased the maximum Pell Grant to $5,400 
over five years and cut interest rates in half on subsidized student 
loans, saving the average student $4,400 over the life of the loan.
  There is a direct connection between our Nation's future prosperity 
and our ability to compete and succeed in a global marketplace that now 
relies more on brains than brawn. An educated workforce is absolutely 
indispensable in this information age--and this legislation represents 
an important step in expanding college access to more Americans.
  In particular, I want to thank Chairman Miller, Ranking Member McKeon 
and the members of the Education and Labor Committee for their hard 
work on this bill, which was reported out of committee on a 45 to 0 
vote.
  This legislation reauthorizes the Higher Education Act through fiscal 
year 2012, and, among other things, it will encourage colleges to rein 
in price increases, providing incentives--such as additional need-based 
aid--to colleges to hold down price increases. It also will require the 
Department of Education to create ``higher education price increase 
watch lists'' that report the full price of tuition and fees, as well 
as the cost of room and board for students living on campus. And, it 
seeks to restore integrity and accountability to the student loan 
program, requiring institutions and lenders to adopt strict codes of 
conduct, and providing students with full and fair information about 
their borrowing options.
  Furthermore, this bill will make textbook costs more manageable by 
providing students with advance information on textbook pricing so that 
they can plan for expenses and by ensuring that colleges and faculty 
have full textbook pricing information when making purchasing 
decisions.
  Just today, the Washington Post noded in an editorial: ``Textbook 
prices have been rising rapidly in recent decades, increasing at more 
than 2\1/2\ times the rate of inflation from 1986 to 2004, according to 
a Government Accountability Office report.'' The Post continued: ``At 
the University of Maryland at College Park, the average student spends 
more than $1,000 a year on textbooks--equal to 20 percent of tuition.''
  Mr. Chairman, it not only is imperative to expand college access, but 
also to do what we can to ensure that our students do not graduate with 
crushing debt that haunts them for decades.
  In addition, this important bill will make college more affordable 
for low-income and non-traditional students by allowing students to 
receive Pell Grant scholarship aid for the entire year. The bill also 
creates a new scholarship program for active duty military personnel 
and family members, including children and spouses of active duty 
military service members and veterans.
  Finally, let me say that I am pleased that this legislation includes 
provisions that Congressman Berman and I worked on that require 
institutions to disclose to students and employees their policies 
related to copyright infringement and a description of actions that 
institutions take to prevent and detect illegal file sharing.
  Mr. Chairman, this a good, thoughtful piece of legislation. And, I 
urge members on both sides on the aisle to vote for it.
  Mr. HARE. Mr. Chairman, I rise today in strong support of H.R. 4137, 
the College Opportunity and Affordability Act. As a member of the House 
Education and Labor Committee, I had the privilege of working on this 
legislation, which will have a large impact on the students, veterans, 
and workers in the rural communities of my Congressional district.
  Today's legislation includes several provisions I authored to 
increase enrollment of graduates from rural high schools in 
institutions of higher education, help rural schools recruit qualified 
teachers and administrators, and develop a strong workforce in rural 
America.
  One-third of K-12 schools in the United States are located in rural 
areas and are responsible for educating almost 10 million children. 
Unfortunately, these schools struggle to recruit highly qualified 
teachers, putting our rural students at a disadvantage.
  Teachers in rural schools often teach several subjects to multiple 
grade levels and play many different roles in the school, such as 
counselor, coach, lunchroom attendant, janitor, administrator, and 
others. Therefore, in order for rural schools to recruit qualified 
teachers, colleges of education must teach students the skills needed 
to work in rural America. My provision achieves this goal by providing 
incentives to colleges of education to add a rural focus to their 
curriculum, and encourage students to complete their required student 
teaching hours in rural schools.
  I am also proud that Title VIII of the bill includes the College and 
University Rural Education (CURE) Act, which I introduced with my 
colleagues, Representatives David Loebsack and Zack Space. A variety of 
studies show that fewer high school graduates from rural schools 
continue on to college than from suburban schools. This unfortunate 
reality leads to difficulties in training a qualified workforce in 
rural America.
  Now, more than ever, our Nation needs a skilled workforce of 
teachers, health care workers, information technologists, and engineers 
willing to live and work in rural communities in order to create and 
support a competitive workforce, and to enhance the quality of life for 
Americans living in rural areas.
  The CURE Act responds to this call by establishing three grant 
programs to increase enrollment of rural high school graduates in 
institutions of higher education; increase economic development 
partnerships to create an employment pipeline from higher education 
institutions to the workforce; and increase the quality of life in 
rural areas by providing training for professions of need in rural 
areas.
  Finally, I am pleased today's bill includes another provision I 
developed to help the dislocated workers of Galesburg, IL, and other 
trade impacted communities across the Nation. This provision allows 
workers to indicate on the Free Application for Federal Student Aid 
(FAFSA) that they have lost their job and would like to use current 
year income when applying for financial aid. This will ensure that

[[Page H651]]

dislocated workers receive appropriate financial support, directly 
resulting in greater access to training opportunities for workers who 
lost their jobs.
  The College Opportunity and Affordability Act builds upon the work we 
started in the College Cost Reduction and Access Act to make college 
more affordable and accessible to all Americans. I thank Chairman 
Miller and Ranking Member McKeon for their leadership in moving these 
bills through our committee and quickly to the floor. I urge all my 
colleagues to support the Manager's Amendment and underlining bill.
   Mr. SESSIONS. Mr. Chairman, I rise today in support of the expanded 
access to higher education that individuals with intellectual 
disabilities will have under the College Opportunity and Affordability 
Act being considered on the House floor today.
  As many of my colleagues know, my son Alex, who just turned 14, has 
Down syndrome. As a student at J.L. Long Middle School in Dallas, 
Texas, Alex has made significant academic progress and received many of 
the same education opportunities as his peers as a result of the 
Individuals with Disabilities Education Act. While IDEA will provide 
invaluable education for Alex throughout his K-12 education, I also 
realize that IDEA will not be there to serve his needs after high 
school.
  Currently, the education opportunities for most individuals with 
intellectual disabilities end with secondary school. Unfortunately, 
most remain unemployed and completely dependent.
  As the parent of an individual with intellectual disabilities, I have 
worked to ensure that individuals with disabilities have access to the 
resources and opportunities to develop self-reliance and life skills, 
enabling them to achieve their potential and to contribute to our 
communities.
  Mr. Chairman, in 2006, I authored legislative language to grant 
students with intellectual disabilities access to Federal work study 
funds for enrollment in comprehensive post-secondary education 
programs.
  I am very pleased that the College Opportunity and Affordability Act 
not only includes my work study language, but it also builds on those 
efforts by providing access to Pell Grants and Supplemental Education 
Opportunity Grants. By providing access to Federal student aid, we will 
be empowering individuals with intellectual disabilities across our 
Nation to learn, develop, and achieve to the best of their abilities.
  Additionally, I am pleased that this legislation will establish a 
model education demonstration for a comprehensive transition and post-
secondary program for students with intellectual disabilities. By 
awarding competitive grants to higher education institutions, the 
development of this model demonstration will establish important first 
steps for the creation and expansion of additional transition and 
postsecondary programs for students with intellectual disabilities 
across our Nation.
  To ensure the integrity and success of these groundbreaking programs 
for students with intellectual disabilities, this legislation also 
authorizes a coordinating center that will provide technical 
assistance, evaluation, and recommendations for the development of 
accreditation standards.
  Mr. Chairman, the establishment of these vital programs will 
represent a historic victory not only for individuals with intellectual 
disabilities, but also for their families and for the educators and 
advocates who have worked diligently to establish these post-secondary 
education opportunities.
  In particular, I would like to recognize Stephanie Lee and Madeleine 
Will with the National Down Syndrome Society for their invaluable 
expertise and support to ensure that dreams of student aid and 
transitional education programs for individuals with intellectual 
disabilities become a reality.
  Today, we can ensure that individuals with intellectual disabilities 
have access to the educational resources and opportunities that can 
enable them to lead a very fulfilling life.
  Mr. FARR. Mr. Chairman, I rise today in strong support of H.R. 4137, 
the College Opportunity and Affordability Act of 2007 and the manager's 
amendment offered by House Education and Labor Committee Chairman, 
Representative George Miller.
  It is globally accepted that the higher education system in the 
United States is the envy of the academic world. Paths to college often 
have different origins but always have the same destination, to 
enlighten our minds and expand our horizons.
  A path that often goes unnoticed but traveled by a hidden portion of 
our population is the path of those with dyslexia. Dyslexia is often 
the butt of many jokes, but for those affected by it, it is anything 
but funny. Reading and writing are two fundamental skills that are 
essential to how we learn from the time we enter school to the end of 
our lives. For people who suffer from dyslexia, like myself, our 
ability to learn by traditional teaching methods is more challenging, 
and dyslexic children often fall behind at an early age. Imagine trying 
to follow along with your classmates and simply not understanding why 
you cannot read at the same level as everyone else. Being young, you 
don't know that you have this condition. Your teacher, who has not been 
trained to identify dyslexia, assumes that you may be slow or lazy. The 
longer the problem goes unidentified, the greater the challenge to 
overcome and adapt. As a young child with dyslexia, I quickly lost 
interest in school and became a class disruption. If it had not been 
for a science teacher who encouraged my interest in the sciences, who 
knows where I would be today? In science I had the opportunity to learn 
with my hands and not solely through a bunch of jumbled words in a 
textbook. This newfound appreciation for learning spilled over into 
other subjects and inspired me to succeed every day. Most students with 
dyslexia go unidentified and are more likely to struggle in early 
grades, which may mean they stay back a grade, lose interest in their 
studies, can become increasingly disruptive in class and may be sent to 
alternative schools for troubled youths or special education classes. 
All this because our teachers are not trained to recognize dyslexia in 
the classroom.
  As part of the manager's amendment to H.R. 4137, a study by the 
Center for Education at the National Academy of Sciences will examine 
teacher education programs at institutes of higher education to 
determine if teachers are adequately prepared to meet the needs of 
students with reading and language processing challenges, including 
dyslexia.
  For too long, the Department of Education has resisted efforts to 
increase awareness and training for students with dyslexia. We owe it 
not only to our children but also to our teachers and parents to fully 
recognize dyslexia as an impediment to accessing their full potential. 
A simple recognition of this condition can change a child's life 
forever and help set them on a path to be a productive member of 
society. I was lucky, but a good education policy should not be based 
upon a collective crossing of fingers.
  Mr. Chairman, I again urge my colleagues to vote in favor of H.R. 
4137 and the manager's amendment offered by the House Education and 
Labor Committee Chairman, and my good friend, Congressman George 
Miller.
  Mr. WILSON of South Carolina. Mr. Chairman, I rise today to bring 
attention to an anomaly in Federal higher education policy that I have 
been trying to fix. It has been Federal policy for many years to 
provide incentives to individuals to work in either high-growth 
professions, high-need areas, or both. These incentives have included a 
variety of loan forgiveness and loan cancellation programs. In fact, 
this chamber just created a new program for public sector employees 
last year.
  The Federal Perkins Loan Program is a relatively small student loan 
program targeted at low-income individuals. It provides these 
individuals with low fixed-rate student loans. Additionally, the 
Federal Government is willing to cancel these particular loans for 
borrowers who work in high-growth professions and/or high-needs 
settings for at least 5 years.
  Unfortunately, when my office examined the Federal Family Education 
Loan Program and the Direct Loan Program to see if these programs were 
treating their borrowers in a similar fashion, we found 
inconsistencies. One such inconsistency is the fact that individuals 
who borrow Perkins Loans, obtain a degree in speech-language pathology, 
and work in a Title I school for 5 years can seek to have a portion of 
their loan cancelled. The net result is an increase in individuals 
providing necessary services to children who require specialized care. 
However, both the FFEL and Direct Loan programs do not treat school-
based speech-language pathologists like their special education teacher 
colleagues with whom they work side-by-side with as they provide 
valuable education services to children with disabilities. The teachers 
receive the incentive; the speech-language pathologists do not.
  Four years after the re-authorization of the Individuals with 
Disabilities Education Act, while we are in the midst of a re-
authorization of the No Child Left Behind Act, and while we know how 
critical the academic performance of children with disabilities affects 
a school or school district, I think it is unwise and unfair to deprive 
these children of the opportunity to receive the special education 
services they need to succeed.
  I will work with my colleagues on the House Education and Labor 
Committee and our counterparts in the Senate to try to resolve this 
matter. I look forward to discusing this matter with them as we proceed 
to a conference with the Senate.
  Mr. CONYERS. Mr. Chairman, I rise today in support of the 
reauthorization of the Higher Education Act, H.R. 4137. In passing this 
reauthorization today, the 110th Congress is once again demonstrating 
its commitment to strengthening America's economy by increasing access 
to higher education.

[[Page H652]]

  In the lead-up to the 2006 election Democrats made a pledge to make 
increased access to a quality education a priority in the 110th 
Congress. The passage of this reauthorization today is just the latest 
example of our making good on this promise.
  Titled the College Opportunity and Affordability Act, H.R. 4137 
reauthorizes one of President Lyndon Baines Johnson's key Great Society 
programs, the Higher Education Act of 1965. The purpose of this 
legislation from the outset always has been to strengthen the 
educational resources of our colleges and universities and to provide 
financial assistance for students in postsecondary and higher 
education. H.R 4137 builds on this strong foundation.
  A college education continues to be the best path to enter the middle 
class. But ever-increasing tuition costs and other obstacles are 
putting a college degree further out of reach for America's students. 
In addition to rising tuition, students and their families face an 
overly complex federal student aid application process and a student 
loan industry tainted by conflicts of interest and mired in corrupt 
lending practices. H.R. 4137 addresses these problems by encouraging 
colleges to rein in price increases, ensuring that states maintain 
their commitments to higher education funding, and providing students 
and families with consumer-friendly information on college pricing and 
the factors driving tuition increases.
  The legislation strengthens provisions previously approved by the 
House to avoid conflicts of interest in the student loan programs. The 
bill's new provisions also include requiring better consumer 
disclosures and protections on private student loans.
  In the first 50 legislative hours of the 110th Congress, the 
Democratic majority in the House of Representatives passed H.R. 5, the 
College Student Relief Act, which cut the interest rates in half on 
certain subsidized student loans over the next five years. In July 2007 
we passed H.R. 2669, the College Cost Reduction Act, the single largest 
increase in college aid since the GI bill. Today, with H.R. 4137, the 
College Opportunity and Affordability Act, we build on these efforts 
and once again demonstrate that the 110th Congress is building a better 
future for all Americans.
  Ms. JACKSON-LEE of Texas. Mr. Chairman, I rise today in strong 
support of H.R. 4137, the College Opportunity and Affordability Act, 
introduced by my distinguished colleague from California, 
Representative George Miller. This significant piece of legislation 
provides greater access to colleges and universities, making higher 
education affordable for all Americans, not just the wealthy.
  A quality education continues to be the best pathway to social and 
economic mobility in this country. As a Member and Senior Whip of the 
Congressional Black Caucus, I have consistently advocated for the 
maintenance of Historically Black Colleges and Universities. This 
legislation will increase funding to Historically Black Colleges and 
Universities, as well as Hispanic and other minority-serving 
institutions, and it will expand college access and support for low-
income and minority students.
  This legislation contains provisions allowing students to receive 
Pell Grant scholarships year-round, and it increases the Pell Grant 
maximum to $9,000. In addition, it strengthens college readiness 
programs, namely the TRIO and GEAR UP college readiness and support 
programs for low-income and first-generation students. These increases 
will expand college access for low-income and minority students.
  In Texas, over 87,000 African-Americans are incarcerated compared to 
approximately 48,000 African-Americans attending college or university. 
The disparity between the percentages of our youth in prison versus the 
number of young people in college, particularly in the African-American 
community, is disturbing to say the least. Higher education continues 
to be one of the main pathways to social and economic mobility, 
particularly in the African-American and Hispanic communities.
  Mr. Chairman, this legislation contains important provisions opening 
up even wider opportunities for our veterans. Our own Congressman 
Charles Rangel was enlisted in the Army before even finishing high 
school. Through the G.I. Bill, he obtained his bachelor's degree and 
eventually his law degree to become Chairman of Ways and Means. H.R. 
4137 goes beyond what the G.I. Bill did for Chairman Rangel, increasing 
college aid and housing aid for not only veterans, but their families.
  This legislation creates a new scholarship program for active duty 
military personnel and family members, including children and spouses 
of active duty military service members or veterans. It establishes 
support centers to help veterans succeed in college and graduate. 
Finally, it ensures fairness in student aid and housing aid for 
veterans, making it easier for them to attend college while also 
fulfilling their military service duties.
  Mr. Chairman, I would also like to express my strong support for an 
amendment introduced by my distinguished colleague, Congressman Danny 
Davis, restoring safeguards to student loan borrowers. Mr. Chairman, 
students who take out loans borrow money as part of their pursuit to 
better themselves and contribute to the advancement of our Nation and 
economy. However, current bankruptcy laws apply the same severe 
standards to student borrowers that it applies to those trying to 
escape child support payments, alimony, overdue taxes, and criminal 
fines.
  I do not believe those of our sons and daughters should be punished 
for trying to get an education. All student loans are currently non-
dischargeable in bankruptcy, except in cases on a judicial finding of 
undue hardship (an extremely difficult standard to meet). Under Mr. 
Davis's amendment, government student loans and loans made by nonprofit 
entities would remain non-dischargeable; other student loans, made by 
for-profit banks and other lenders, would continue to be non-
dischargeable for the first five years after they come due, and after 
that time they would be treated like other unsecured consumer loans in 
bankruptcy. Mr. Chairman, I strongly urge my colleagues to support this 
amendment, and to work to restore bankruptcy protection to private 
student loans.

  Understanding the federal application for federal student aid can be 
challenging and complex even for the most knowledgeable parent. The 
College Opportunity and Affordability Act would streamline and simplify 
the application process giving families the tools they need to properly 
plan for their college expenses.
  This legislation will reform our higher education system ensuring 
students and their families have the information they need to 
understand their borrowing options when applying for federal and 
private loans.
  Mr. Chairman, as an active member of the Committee on Homeland 
Security, I am extremely supportive of the provisions in this 
legislation that boost campus safety and disaster readiness plans. Last 
year's tragedy at Virginia Tech has illustrated the horror to which 
students might be exposed, and natural disasters in recent years have 
underlined the necessity of having campus disaster plans.
  This legislation helps all colleges develop and implement state-of-
the-art emergency systems and campus safety plans, and it requires the 
Department of Education to develop and maintain a disaster plan in 
preparation for emergencies. In addition, this legislation creates a 
National Center for Campus Safety at the Department of Justice to work 
in collaboration with the COPS program. Finally, it establishes a 
disaster relief loan program, to help schools recover and rebuild in 
the event of a disaster.
  The cost of higher education has risen to the point that it has 
affected our workforce and our public service sectors. This country 
needs firefighters, public defenders, law enforcement officials, and 
educators just as much as it needs doctors and investment brokers. H.R. 
4137 would encourage students to enter vital public service jobs by 
authorizing up to $10,000 in loan forgiveness.
  This important piece of legislation gives our youth, our veterans, 
and our families the opportunity to not only dream of attending college 
but actually realize that dream. I urge my colleagues to join me in 
supporting H.R. 4137.
  Mr. REICHERT. Mr. Chairman, in today's global, highly competitive 
economy it is imperative that we create new opportunities for our 
children and ensure that all students, no matter their age, income, or 
race, have access to quality, affordable education. I am pleased to 
rise in support of this important legislation and I'd like to thank 
Chairman Miller and Ranking Member McKeon for bringing this bipartisan 
bill to the floor so that we may finally make the dream of college a 
reality for all children.
  Last year, an overwhelming majority of my colleagues joined me in 
supporting the College Cost Reduction Act, which the President signed 
into law. This was a good first step to addressing the rising cost of 
college but today we have an opportunity to do so much more.
  Education is the lifeblood of a free and democratic society. We have 
a responsibility to the future prosperity of this great Nation and the 
rest of the world to ensure that our children have access to the very 
best education possible--which means controlling costs, strengthening 
our standards, promoting excellence, and creating new opportunities for 
previously disadvantaged children. Increasing the maximum Pell Grants 
and making them available year-round will go a long way towards 
accomplishing this goal.
  Finally, Mr. Chairman, if we are to remain a global economic leader 
we must continue to invest in science and math education. The 
foundation of innovation lies in a motivated and well-educated 
workforce equipped with science, technology, engineering, and math 
skills. While the U.S. is supporting math and science, the rest of the 
world is not standing still and many countries are working hard to 
build their own innovation capacity.
  Our inability to provide our students with a premiere or even a basic 
education in math

[[Page H653]]

and science is a threat not only to our economic security, but also to 
our national security. The Hart-Rudman Commission was convened in 1998 
to take a look at threats facing our country's national security over a 
25-year period. The final report, released in early 2001, received 
national attention after 9/11 because it stated that the number one 
threat facing our country was terrorism, and it predicted that an 
attack was likely to take place on U.S. soil. But what is not as well 
known is that the report stated the second biggest threat to our 
national security was our Nation's inability to educate our own 
children in math and science. It called for a ``recapitalization'' 
effort. Our Nation has benefited and has been living on the 
intellectual capital that was driven to our shores by Nazism, Communism 
and poverty in the 20th century. But now, in a global economy, we can 
no longer rely on the world's minds coming to our country. And this 
trend coupled with our own deficiencies in education has created a 
crisis that, according to this report, reaches national security 
proportions of the highest magnitude.
  A great real-world example exists in my own district in Washington 
State, which exemplifies the importance of science and math education. 
My district is home to several high-tech companies, including 
Microsoft. In order to ensure the continued success of Microsoft and 
other similarly situated companies, we must take steps now to fix our 
failing math and science programs to make certain they're able to hire 
the very best and brightest and we don't have to rely on a failing 
immigration and visa program to coax highly skilled and trained workers 
from overseas.
  I believe we need to continue to emphasize math and science 
throughout a child's education. During a speech before the National 
Governor's Association at their 2005 Achieve Summit, Microsoft Chairman 
Bill Gates said, ``In math and science, our 4th graders are among the 
top students in the world. By 8th grade, they're in the middle of the 
pack. By 12th grade, U.S. students are scoring near the bottom of all 
industrialized nations.'' The need for serious attention and 
improvements to our math and science education is clear. I am happy to 
see the committee begin to address this need today through 
scholarships, grants, and incentive programs to encourage students to 
pursue careers in math and science.
  Every parent wants their child to grow up to have more opportunities 
and a better life than they had. Providing our children with access to 
a higher education is integrally linked to the future economic, social, 
and cultural health of our democracy. I urge all my colleagues to stand 
up for our children and their future and join me in supporting this 
legislation.
  Mr. ETHERIDGE. Mr. Chairman, I rise in support of this fine 
legislation, and I urge my colleagues to join me in voting to pass it. 
This is a good bill, and I commend the bipartisan work of the Education 
and Labor Committee under the leadership of Chairman George Miller and 
Ranking Member Buck McKeon.
  H.R. 4137 will renew and reauthorize the Higher Education Act for the 
first time in 10 years. This legislation will expand college access for 
low-income and minority students by allowing students to receive year-
round Pell Grant scholarships and strengthening college readiness 
initiatives as well as increasing the authorized Pell Grant maximum to 
$9,000. The bill will streamline the federal student financial aid 
application.
  In addition, H.R. 4137 will create Community Colleges as Partners in 
Teacher Education grants which will provide needed support to establish 
teacher education efforts that are aligned with four-year institutions, 
so students can transition seamlessly from community college to four-
year schools. The bill will provide further assistance to community 
colleges in critical areas such as remedial education, rural 
development, and nursing education. And H.R. 4137 will make textbook 
costs more manageable for students by helping them to plan for textbook 
expenses in advance of each semester.
  I also support several useful floor amendments to the bill that will 
further strengthen this legislation, including the Managers amendment 
containing the Davis amendment to create a new masters assistance 
program for HBCUs, including Fayetteville State University in my 
Congressional District. I also support the Doggett amendment to enable 
data-matching between the IRS and the Department of Education for the 
purposes of calculating the Expected Family Contribution when 
processing financial aid. I support the Edwards/Boyda amendment to 
provide for in-state tuition for soldiers' dependents like so many 
families of soldiers at North Carolina's Fort Bragg. And I support the 
Shuler amendment to authorize a competitive grant program through the 
Department of Education that would allow institutions of higher 
education to create longitudinal data systems to efficiently and 
accurately manage, analyze, disaggregate and use individual student 
data.
  Finally, Mr. Chairman, as the first member of my family to graduate 
from college, I know firsthand that affordable access to higher 
education is the key to the American Dream for working families. I am 
pleased to support this legislation, and I urge my colleagues to join 
me in voting to pass it.
  Mr. VAN HOLLEN. Mr. Chairman, we all know that paying for college is 
often a daunting task for our Nation's students and families. It can 
sometimes be difficult to calculate the full costs and find ways to 
meet them. Far too many students graduate with too much debt--debts 
that can limit their choices and strain their finances. I am proud that 
this Congress has focused significant attention on this issue.
  Last year this Congress passed the largest increase in student 
assistance since the Montgomery G.I. Bill. That increase was fully paid 
for by reducing subsidies to banks and lenders. Today, we continue our 
commitment to increasing access to higher education with the College 
Opportunity and Affordability Act.
  This bill provides transparency and clarity in the often-confusing 
process that students and families face as they decide how to pay for 
college. It simplifies the Free Application for Federal Student Aid 
process and creates a shorter form for low-income families. It 
instructs the Secretary of Education to create a user-friendly website 
that centralizes information about schools and costs. It also makes 
sure that students and parents get easy-to-understand information about 
the terms and conditions of both federal and private loans.
  The College Opportunity and Affordability Act also includes 
provisions from the House-passed Student Loan Sunshine Act, which 
requires schools and lenders to adopt strict codes of conduct to avoid 
conflicts of interest and protect students from aggressive lending 
practices.
  Today's bill also furthers our Competitiveness Agenda, begun with the 
America COMPETES Act last year, by creating programs to recruit new 
science and technology teachers and collaborate with the business 
community to improve science, technology, engineering and math (STEM) 
and foreign language education.
  It continues our commitment to our Nation's military, creating new 
scholarships for active duty personnel and their families, providing 
support for veterans at college, and ensuring that they have fair 
access to student and housing aid.
  I thank the chairman and ranking member for including many of the 
provisions from the Teach for America Act, a bill that I introduced 
last year with Mr. Castle, Ms. DeLauro, Mr. Regula, and Mr. Sarbanes. 
These provisions, combined with the amendment to clarify specific 
authorizing amounts that Mr. Castle and I offered today, will allow 
Teach for America to expand its reach with 8,000 corps members serving 
680,000 children in 33 regions around the country.
  Mr. Chairman, this bill will increase transparency, put more 
qualified teachers in our classrooms, and open the doors to college to 
our Nation's children. I urge my colleagues to join me in supporting it 
today.
  Mr. AL GREEN of Texas. Mr. Chairman, I would like to express my 
support for H.R. 4137, the College Opportunity and Affordability Act of 
2007.
  With each passing day, a college education becomes increasingly 
important for the success of our workforce while simultaneously 
becoming more expensive and unattainable. H.R. 4137 would address this 
unfortunate trend by making a quality post-secondary education more 
affordable and accessible for all Americans. This legislation includes 
a number of commendable provisions that will help to reform our higher 
education system so that it can better serve the needs of students and 
their families. It offers a comprehensive approach to reducing 
educational expenses and provides targeted support to groups with the 
greatest need.
  I am particularly pleased with the efforts that have been made to 
increase access for low-income and minority students. The bill allows 
Pell grants to be made available based on a year-round enrollment 
schedule so that low-income and non-traditional students will have the 
flexibility and resources to obtain a college degree. Additional 
provisions in the bill will expand funding for minority-serving 
institutions such as Historically Black Colleges and Universities. 
There are also measures designed to strengthen the GEAR UP and TRIO 
college readiness programs so that low-income and first generation 
students will be adequately prepared.
  If we truly wish to enable our students to achieve their full 
potential, we must not let them be confined by their financial 
limitations. I support the College Opportunity and Affordability Act so 
that all Americans will be able to pursue a higher education and 
achieve the American Dream.
  Mr. TIAHRT. Mr. Chairman, I rise today to offer my support for H.R. 
4137, the College Opportunity and Affordability Act. This bill takes 
significant steps to make the dream of a college education a reality 
for America's young people, and I am very pleased that we are 
considering it today. H.R. 4137 addresses

[[Page H654]]

a number of aspects of higher education, but there are two provisions 
in particular that I would like to commend.
  First, I am pleased with the inclusion of section 706, which 
establishes grants for urban-serving universities. Our cities are 
facing unique challenges that require solutions that are tailored to 
their needs. Urban secondary schools have higher dropout rates and 
lower test scores than their suburban and rural counterparts. Urban 
schools struggle to recruit and retain teachers, especially in areas 
like mathematics and science. A larger proportion of urban populations 
are uninsured or under-insured. Urban research universities, like 
Wichita State University in my district, are well positioned and 
equipped to find real, meaningful solutions to these issues. They are 
uniquely qualified to train teachers for urban classrooms. They are 
able to use their strategic location to develop community-academic 
partnerships to develop effective treatments for diseases in urban 
populations, and rectify health disparities in their communities. The 
magnitude of these issues requires an investment by the Federal 
Government to encourage urban universities to coordinate, evaluate, and 
disseminate solutions to key urban problems related to education, 
community revitalization, and health and quality of life. The grant 
programs in section 706 are a solid first step towards this end.
  Secondly, I am pleased with the promotion of Science, Technology, 
Engineering, and Mathematics, STEM, fields. Success in these fields is 
critical to the continued economic dominance that the United States 
currently enjoys. The United States has the No. 1 economy in the world. 
For almost two centuries, we have been the envy of the world--a dynamic 
economy, a hardworking, motivated workforce, truly the land of 
opportunity where innovation has thrived. That status is changing, 
however. While our education system is languishing, especially in STEM 
fields that are so critical to our continued economic growth, China, 
India, and other nations are preparing for the future. They are 
educating their students in math, science, and technology and pumping 
out record numbers of engineers. Language included in this bill will 
help American students keep pace with their international counterparts.
  I urge my colleagues to support these measures in particular, and the 
underlying bill.
  Mr. MORAN of Virginia. Mr. Chairman, I want to thank the chairman and 
his staff for including the Moran-Shays amendment in the manager's 
package of the College Opportunity and Affordability Act. For some 
time, Mr. Shays and I have been concerned with maintaining the strength 
of our Nation's public service. This amendment lays an early foundation 
for a greater Federal role in encouraging and facilitating public 
service.
  The Moran-Shays amendment will bring together the experts in the 
field of public service to study how student loan debt affects the 
decisions of graduates of postsecondary and graduate education programs 
to enter into public service careers. Specifically, the study assesses 
the current challenges to recruiting and retaining well-qualified 
public servants, evaluates existing Federal programs and whether 
additional Federal programs could increase the number of graduates who 
enter careers in public service, and recommends pilot programs, 
including the establishment of a public service academy, to encourage 
careers in public service.
  The new century has brought immense challenges that require strong 
and prepared public institutions. On the eve of the retirement of the 
baby-boom generation, our Nation presses for a new generation of 
teachers, firefighters, Federal employees, and other civil servants to 
fill the void they will leave.
  Young Americans are answering the call. According to the Higher 
Education Research Institute, two-thirds of the 2005 freshman class at 
institutions of higher education expressed a desire to serve others, 
the highest rate in a generation.
  Yet, an impediment to public service is the increase in college 
tuitions and debts, making it difficult for graduates to pursue careers 
in the public sector. These future public servants are potentially 
overburdened by the debts of college and university loans, forced to 
choose private sector jobs over public service opportunities.
  By providing students with a federally funded education, the stress 
of debts would be eliminated, and their commitment to the public 
service sector for at least 5 years could lead to lifelong service.
  I have joined with Representative Chris Shays and Senators Hillary 
Clinton and Arlen Specter to introduce the U.S. Public Service Academy 
Act. Modeled after the military service academies, this academy will 
provide a 4-year, federally subsidized college education for more than 
5,000 students each year in exchange for a 5-year commitment to public 
service, including fields that will most need a new generation of 
leaders, such as public education, public health, and law enforcement. 
We are encouraged by the support the proposal has gained so far, as 
nearly 100 bipartisan cosponsors in the House of Representatives have 
joined in this effort.
  Mr. Chairman, the Moran-Shays amendment will continue to make the 
case for Federal intervention into promoting public service, including 
possibly a public service academy. I thank the committee for including 
the study in the manager's amendment, and I urge passage of the College 
Opportunity and Affordability Act.
  Mr. REYES. Mr. Chairman, I rise today in strong support of H.R. 4137, 
the College Opportunity and Affordability Act of 2007.
  In addition to restoring integrity to student loan programs, 
encouraging States and colleges to rein in student costs, bolstering 
Pell grants and expanding maximum awards, and investing in renewable 
and efficient campus energy practices, this legislation makes a vital 
investment in the economic competitiveness of our nation. Included in 
that investment is a needed focus on improving minority participation 
in the science, technology, engineering, and math, STEM, fields.
  According to the U.S. Census, 39 percent of the population under the 
age of 18 is a racial or ethnic minority. That percentage is on a path 
to pass 50 percent by the year 2050. Yet, in 2000, only 4.4 percent of 
the science and engineering jobs were held by African Americans and 
only 3.4 percent by Hispanics.
  This under-representation of minority groups in the STEM fields is a 
severe impediment to the formation of an adequate American STEM 
workforce. The increased education and participation of this segment of 
the workforce is essential to supplying the American economy with the 
STEM expertise the country needs to innovate and to improve America's 
economic standing in the world.
  One year ago, I joined with several of my colleagues, Congresswoman 
Eddie Bernice Johnson, Congresswoman Zoe Lofgren, Congressman Ruben 
Hinojosa, Congressman Mike Honda, and Congressman G.K. Butterfield, to 
create the House Diversity and Innovation Caucus. The caucus was 
created on a relatively simple premise: If we want to expand the STEM 
pipeline, we must broaden our pool of talent. If we are to compete with 
the rest of the world, we cannot do so with one hand tied behind our 
back, with the vast majority of certain demographic groups severely 
under-represented in the fields that drive innovation.
  This bill includes several provisions that would bolster the 
participation of under-represented groups in the STEM fields. 
Specifically, H.R. 4137 would:
  Establish the YES Partnership grant program for Minority-Serving 
Institutions to support the participation of under-represented minority 
youth in STEM through outreach and hands-on experiential-based learning 
projects;
  Strengthen and expand the Minority Science and Engineering 
Improvement Program;
  Enact the Minority-Serving Institutions Digital and Wireless 
Technology Opportunity
  Program;
  Establish a matching grant program to recruit math, science, and 
language teachers;
  Establish a priority in the Graduate Areas of National Need Program 
for fellowships to develop faculty in math, science, special education, 
and bilingual education;
  Expand loan forgiveness in areas of national need;
  Authorize a grant to examine establishing an organization to ensure 
women and under-represented minorities on college campuses are not 
facing subtle biases that discourage them from careers in STEM fields; 
and
  Ensure that legal immigrants and part-time students are eligible for 
the Academic Competitiveness and SMART grants.
  I am particularly proud that H.R. 4137 includes a bill I authored and 
introduced in the House, the STEM Promotion Act. In addition to 
providing young Americans strong educational opportunities in STEM, we 
must find a way to interest them in pursuing the STEM professions. My 
generation was inspired by Sputnik to pursue careers in science, 
engineering, and math, but we cannot sit back and wait for another 
Sputnik to re-engage our young people in these critical fields. We must 
tackle the STEM pipeline issue head-on, by methodically attracting 
Americans to enter STEM.
  The STEM Promotion Act proposes just that. The bill would require the 
Secretary of Education to work with marketing professionals, similar to 
what the military does, to advertise and otherwise market the 
attractiveness of pursuing opportunities in STEM. Moreover, the 
Secretary would order marketing research to be conducted to examine how 
best to appeal to segments of our population that have been under-
represented in the STEM fields, such as women, Hispanics, and African-
Americans.
  If America is to achieve its strategic objectives in STEM, the 
enormous potential of groups that are currently under-represented in 
the STEM fields must be realized. This bill will expand the STEM 
pipeline and promote innovation and competitiveness by helping to 
correct the under-representation of certain groups in the STEM fields.

[[Page H655]]

  H.R. 4137 also makes broad investments in higher education and 
college access. In addition to increasing the maximum Pell grant award 
by over $3,000 and authorizing year-round grants, the bill includes key 
provisions of the Next Generation Hispanic-Serving Institutions Act, of 
which I have been an original cosponsor for the past three Congresses. 
Included is a new graduate program for those institutions, authorized 
at $125 million, and an increased authorization for the undergraduate 
program to $175 million.
  I am particularly pleased that the Education and Labor Committee has 
seen fit to strengthen and increase funding for GEAR UP and TRIO, which 
are critical college access programs for low-income students for which 
I have advocated since arriving in Congress in 1997. Specifically, the 
bill increases minimum grant awards for TRIO and HEP-CAMP, increases 
the authorization for TRIO to $950 million, increases the authorization 
for GEAR UP to $400 million, and addresses accountability standards to 
ensure students are completing a rigorous program of study. The bill 
also promotes college transition and parental involvement in GEAR UP, 
and encourages GEAR UP and TRIO to promote financial literacy.
  By passing this bill, we would also ensure that our military veterans 
have full access to both the Montgomery GI bill and education programs 
under the Higher Education Act. H.R. 4137 establishes a scholarship 
program for veteran students and their families and Centers of 
Excellence for Veteran Student Success, and ensures fair treatment of 
veterans benefits in the financial aid need analysis formula.
  I urge my colleagues to consider this bill's positive impact on 
competitiveness when deciding how to vote. Please support a strong and 
prosperous America. Vote ``yes'' on H.R. 4137.
  Mr. DINGELL. Mr. Chairman, today I rise in support of H.R. 4137, the 
College Opportunity and Affordability Act. As a proud father and 
grandfather, I know too well that the costs of a college education can 
be prohibitive. This legislation, in combination with the College Cost 
Reduction Act passed in September, makes great strides to reform our 
higher education system to increase access to all students and families 
who desire to attend college.
  I know many of you have heard me talk about the tough times my great 
State of Michigan is facing. I know many of you have heard that 
Michigan has the highest unemployment rate in the Nation at 7.5 
percent, Michigan has one of the highest foreclosure rates, while at 
the same time our median household income has decreased by 11.9 percent 
and over 240,000 manufacturing jobs have left our State. These 
statistics are worth repeating because they emphasize the need and the 
importance for providing our future workforce with the tools they need 
to be successful.
  One tool that is vitally important to many students is Federal aid; 
in fact, in past years almost 9 million students have received Federal 
aid. Yet the process to apply for Federal aid can be confusing and 
overwhelming for many students and their families. H.R. 4137 proposes 
to streamline the Free Application for Federal Student Aid, FAFSA, in 
order to make it easier for students to navigate. This will be done by 
reducing the number of questions on the FAFSA form and allowing 
applicants to save their information rather than re-filing a new form 
each year. It will also allow students and their families to determine 
their expected family contribution and their Federal student aid 
package prior to college so that families can plan accordingly.
  H.R. 4137 will also demand more accountability from student loan 
lenders, ensuring that the best interests of our students come first. 
This legislation will do this by requiring higher education 
institutions and lenders to adopt strict codes of conduct and ban all 
gifts and revenue sharing agreements between institutions and lenders. 
Students will now also be provided with full and fair information about 
their loans before entering into loan agreements, as well as be 
informed by the lenders of all borrowing options available to them when 
taking out and repaying loans.
  Another focus of this legislation is the need to address rising 
college prices so that more students and families will be able to 
attend college in the first place. We have seen in tuition at 4-year 
public colleges increase 30.5 percent since 1999 to $7,164 per year. 
That is an increase of $1,675 over 6 years. When families are making 
less, every increase makes it harder and harder for students to afford 
college.
  To address this, H.R. 4137 will also establish an online net price 
calculator that will assist students and their families estimate the 
cost based on income and family situations at individual schools. This 
will allow families to be able to properly calculate what the cost of a 
4-year education will be. Families will now also have access to a list 
published by the Department of Education that will provide consumers 
with information on tuition and fees, average price after grant aid, 
recent price increases, and change in per-student spending.
  I am also pleased that this legislation will increase college aid to 
our veterans and military personnel. Many college campuses have seen an 
increase in enrollment of veterans from Iraq and Afghanistan; however, 
some of these schools do not have enough resources to give the veterans 
the support they need. With over a million troops having served in Iraq 
and Afghanistan, it is our duty to ensure that when they return they 
have access to a college education. This legislation establishes a 
scholarship program that could award up to $5,000 for veterans, their 
spouses, or their children enrolled in college. It will also create 
support centers on college campuses designed to coordinate services and 
assist veterans with enrollment and completion of their degrees. More 
importantly, H.R. 4137 will ensure that veterans are not penalized by 
their financial contributions to their GI benefits in the financial aid 
process.
  Mr. Chairman, I have heard over the years from my constituents, many 
from some of the great universities in my district, about the 
increasing amount of debt taken on to complete a college degree. Many 
have been forced to take out private loans, others have taken on 
additional hours at work, and unfortunately, some have had to take a 
leave of absence from school to pay the bills. This is a pattern that 
cannot continue. Education is not a luxury, it is a tool needed to 
succeed in today's economy. Investing in education and Federal aid 
programs is investing in our workforce and the success of our 
constituents. Today I urge my colleagues to vote in favor of this 
legislation, reaffirming the commitment the Democratic Congress has 
made to improving higher education and strengthening our workforce.
  Mrs. CHRISTENSEN. Mr. Chairman, I rise in strong support of H.R. 
4137, the College Opportunity and Affordability Act of 2007. I would 
like to commend Chairman Miller and his staff for their work on this 
bill and their efforts to bring it to the House floor. Following the 
introduction of a stimulus bill to help boost our Nation's economy, it 
is only appropriate that we also pass legislation that will boost 
higher level education and create a stronger workforce. This bill 
represents a federal commitment to making college more affordable and 
accessible.
  I am pleased that HEA will provide new support for Predominantly 
Black Institutions and other Minority-Serving Institutions. H.R. 4137 
would expand funding for graduate student programs at Historically 
Black Colleges and Universities, Hispanic Serving Institutions, and 
other minority-serving schools. HEA also makes significant changes to 
tribal institutions that would allow them to receive the necessary 
classification in order to obtain basic federal support for the 
education and training of Indian students and for tribally controlled 
postsecondary career and technical institutions that are not currently 
receiving federal assistance.
  As a physician and Chair of the Congressional Black Caucus Health 
Braintrust, I strongly support the provisions of H.R. 4137 that will 
make medical school and training more affordable. HEA will create grant 
programs to increase nursing school capacity and provide nurses with 
the scholarships and release time needed to qualify as nursing school 
faculty. This legislation would also ensure that medical school 
graduates can afford their residencies and specialized training by 
including loan forgiveness programs that would remove current financial 
barriers that affect medical school graduates' choice of specialty, 
especially those with lengthy residencies.
  In addition to supporting the overall bill, I would like to express 
my support for the Congressman Danny Davis' amendment that would 
restore the ability to discharge private student loans in bankruptcy. 
Students with private loans should have some protection when they are 
faced with economic hardship.
  I am pleased to support this comprehensive bill that would provide 
much needed reform to the Higher Education Act and I urge its final 
passage.
  Ms. McCOLLUM of Minnesota. Mr. Chairman, I rise to support the 
College Opportunity and Affordability Act and I commend Chairman Miller 
and Ranking Member McKeon for putting together a bipartisan bill that 
will have a real impact on college affordability.
  I had the honor to serve on the Education and Workforce Committee for 
my first 6 years in Congress. It is a real pleasure to know that we 
will finally be able to reauthorize the Higher Education Act.
  The College Opportunity and Affordability Act is focused on students, 
strengthening higher education, and improving our global 
competitiveness.
  It increases need-based aid, provides more access to information on 
the cost of college, and holds States accountable for their investment. 
It protects borrowers by restoring sunshine to student loan programs, 
and by simplifying the financial aid application process.

[[Page H656]]

And, it also makes new investments in increasing student interest in 
science and technology careers.
  I also want to thank Chairman Miller for including legislation that I 
introduced along with Congressman Bishop and Congressman Grijalva to 
crack down on diploma mills.
  Diploma mills--businesses that sell fraudulent degrees for little or 
no work--have proliferated in recent decades due to lax law enforcement 
and technological advances such as the Internet and email.
  The growth of these fraudulent businesses has created a variety of 
serious problems. Diploma mills can sell a worthless degree to a naive 
student. They also threaten the reputation of American colleges and 
universities by blatantly using similar names. They cheat employers--
including school districts as we saw a few years ago--and the Federal 
Government. A 2004 GAO study revealed that at least 463 Federal 
employees held degrees from diploma mills and other unaccredited 
universities. In addition to hiring employees who are likely 
unqualified, employers, including the Federal Government, have wasted 
resources paying tuition to diploma mills. They can be physically 
dangerous as is so obvious in the example of diploma mill medical 
schools.
  And more and more it is a national security issue. These degrees 
could be used to obtain visas. In addition, our failure to deal with 
the issue has been noted in other countries (Japan), harming our 
reputation around the world.
  This legislation includes the first national effort to combat this 
problem. It is a first step, but a very important step.
  I thank the chair and the ranking member for their support of this 
provision and for their dedication to improving access to higher 
education. I urge all my colleagues to support H.R. 4137 and to 
continue to make access to higher education a priority for this 
Congress.
  Mr. ORTIZ. Mr. Chairman, I rise in support of HR 4137, the College 
Opportunity and Affordability Act.
  A college education continues to be a great path to prosperity. But 
more and more, high college prices and other obstacles are putting a 
college degree further out of reach for our students. In addition to 
rising tuition, students and their families face a complex federal 
student aid application process and student loan industry.
  The legislation will streamline the application process for financial 
aid, will allow for students to better manage textbook costs, and 
increase college aid and support programs for veterans and military 
families.
  Many college students--including 37 percent of Hispanic students--
receive Pell Grants each year, and this bill will now allow students to 
receive these vital grants year round.
  It also increases authorization levels for the TRIO program to $400 
million and GEAR UP program to $950 million, both of which prepare low-
income and first-generation students with the challenges for college.
  Many students find themselves in financial troubles because they are 
not aware of the rising costs or the details of the loans they take 
out. This legislation will hold student loan lenders more accountable 
for any potentially predatory actions, but students and their families 
will now have more information about all the options and costs to 
attend college.
  Though we have passed this important piece of legislation, we are by 
no means done with higher education issues. The President's budget cut 
funding to Hispanic-serving institutions, and I will work with my 
colleagues to ensure those institutions receive proper funding. All 
students deserve to have as many resources as we can provide to them to 
better themselves and their positions in life.
  Mr. STARK. Mr. Chairman, I rise in strong support of making college 
affordable again.
  Since taking over Congress, Democrats have made historic investments 
in higher education. We have reduced interest rates on federal student 
loans by 50 percent. We have increased both the amount and the reach of 
Pell Grants and we have acted to provide long overdue oversight of the 
student loan industry. Today, we will reauthorize and reform the Higher 
Education Act and take another step forward toward the goal of making 
sure that all qualified students can afford to go to college without 
being saddled by overwhelming debt.
  A college degree is not only the best guarantee of a good paying job, 
it is quickly becoming a necessity in our economy. The College 
Opportunity and Affordability Act, H.R. 4137, will open up the gates of 
higher education to students from all backgrounds. By increasing the 
maximum Pell Grant amount from $5,800 to $9,000, this bill will allow 
many lower income students to realistically pursue a degree. By making 
Pell Grants available year round and for part-time students, this 
legislation would help non-traditional students such as those working 
full-time. Finally, by simplifying the financial aid application 
process, this bill will make it easier for students to receive the aid 
they need and deserve.
  For too long, the student loan industry, much like the mortgage 
industry, has operated without proper oversight. As a consequence, 
lenders entered into quid pro quo agreements with universities and 
coerced students into high-interest loans. The bill before us today 
protects borrowers by requiring full disclosure of all terms, 
prohibiting revenue sharing between colleges and lenders and doing away 
with draconian pre-payment penalties.
  We must encourage and reward careers in public service. I strongly 
support the loan forgiveness program in today's measure. It will 
provide up to $10,000 in loan forgiveness for graduates teaching in 
low-income areas or entering crucial fields such as early childhood 
education and mental health.
  Four decades ago, President Johnson signed the Higher Education Act 
and committed to helping low income students afford a college 
education. Today, Congress has the opportunity to renew that commitment 
by providing the support and oversight so that all students can fulfill 
their dream of attending college. I urge all of my colleagues to join 
me in supporting this important bill.
  Mrs. JONES of Ohio. Mr. Chairman, I rise today in support of the 
College Opportunity and Affordability Act. This legislation will help 
break down the barriers, particularly the ever-rising costs of higher 
education, for Americans to obtain a college degree.
  I am extremely excited about the provision from my legislation, the 
Campus Fire Safety and Prevention Act, that is included in this bill. 
This legislation would establish a demonstration incentive program 
within the Department of Education to promote installation of fire 
sprinkler systems, or other fire suppression or prevention 
technologies, in qualified student housing or dormitories, and for 
other purposes.
  Fire safety and prevention is an issue that needs to be addressed 
across this country. Over these few years we have seen many tragedies 
involving fire at colleges, places of business, entertainment venues 
and places of residence.
  Nationwide, 126 people have been killed in student housing since 
January 2000, as identified by the Center for Campus Fire Safety, a 
non-profit organization that compiles information on campus-related 
fires.
  Almost 83 percent of the fire fatalities have occurred in off-campus 
occupancies such as rented houses and apartments. Common factors in a 
number of these fires include: lack of automatic sprinklers, disabled 
smoke alarms, careless disposal of smoking materials, and alcohol 
consumption.
  We must begin to put in place suppression measures against fires and 
increase support and resources for our fire fighters to ensure that no 
more lives are lost to fires that could have been prevented.
  I encourage my colleagues to pass the College Opportunity and 
Affordability Act. This legislation would reform our higher education 
system so that it operates in the best interests of students and 
families.
  Mr. LANGEVIN. Mr. chairman, I rise today in strong support of H.R 
4137, the College Opportunity and Affordability Act, which will 
reauthorize the Higher Education Act for 5 years. This is the first 
time in almost a decade that this bill has been reauthorized, and I am 
proud to be part of a Congress that has placed such a high priority on 
making college a reality for all of our nation's students. This bill 
builds on legislation that passed last year to help lower college costs 
and boost Federal loan support for our students. Especially with the 
state of our economy, it is imperative that we invest in our education 
system to promote new employment and ensure that today's students can 
adapt to the jobs of tomorrow.
  Two of the main goals of the College Opportunity and Affordability 
Act are to make a college education accessible to all students and to 
lower college costs for those students and their families. I am pleased 
that this bill increases the maximum amount of Pell Grants, which help 
5.5 million low-income and minority students attend college, from 
$5,800 to $9,000. This measure also boosts funding for the TRIO program 
and the Gaining Early Awareness and Readiness for Undergraduate Program 
(GEAR UP), which provide college readiness and support for low-income 
and first-generation students. H.R. 4137 ensures equal college 
opportunities for students with disabilities by creating a national 
center to improve college recruitment, retention, and completion of 
students with disabilities, and would also expand eligibility for Pell 
Grants for students with intellectual disabilities.
  H.R. 4137 also establishes a user-friendly website to provide 
students and families with helpful information about college pricing, 
and will streamline the cumbersome filing process for Free Application 
for Federal Student Aid (FAFSA). Families will now be able to receive 
estimates of their expected contribution and the amount of financial 
aid they may receive. H.R. 4137 requires higher education institutions 
and student loan providers to give borrowers fair and full information 
on their loan terms and repayment options, as well as promote financial 
literacy and education for students and families. This measure also 
helps

[[Page H657]]

reduce the cost of textbooks, which on average sets back a student 
$1,000 per year, by making sure professors have full textbook pricing 
when making purchasing decisions and by ensuring students receive 
advanced lists of textbooks for their upcoming classes.
  One of the goals of the 110th Congress is to create a new generation 
of innovators so that we continue to build an educated, skilled 
workforce in the vital areas of science, math, engineering and 
information technology. To maintain our international competitiveness 
and economic advantage in the coming years, our Nation must invest more 
in science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM) education. 
That is why I am pleased that H.R. 4137 includes many new initiatives 
and increases funding for STEM education. These new programs include 
grants for colleges and universities to provide incentives for students 
in STEM majors to teach in these academic areas; the YES Partnership 
Grant Program, which provides funding to eligible colleges to support 
minority youth engagement in STEM fields through out-reach and hands-on 
experiential learning; and the ``Robert C. Byrd Mathematics and Science 
Honors Scholarship Program'' which focuses on encouraging students to 
earn degrees in math and science.
  H.R. 4137 increases college aid and support for our veterans and 
military families by requiring colleges and universities to treat 
students returning from military service as continuously enrolled 
students and preventing active duty servicemembers from accruing 
interest on student loans for the duration of their activation. The 
measure also encourages those students who commit to a job in high-need 
areas and public service for at least 5 years by establishing a $10,000 
loan forgiveness program for nurses, early childhood educators, foreign 
language specialists, child welfare workers, school counselors, public 
sector employees, medical specialists, and mental health professionals. 
This measure further addresses the shortage of nursing faculty by 
establishing competitive grants to fund scholarships for nurses 
studying for advanced degrees with the intention of becoming faculty.
  In recent years, our country's college and university campuses have 
seen unnecessary tragedies. H.R 4137 will boost campus safety by 
helping all colleges develop and implement state of the art emergency 
systems and campus safety plans, and will also create a National Center 
for Campus Safety at the Department of Justice. Administrators and 
students on campuses across the country have also pushed for 
environmental, or ``green'', initiatives, and this measure supports 
these efforts by providing funding for environmental sustainability 
programs.
  Mr. Chairman, H.R 4137 shows that Congress is committed to the 
success of our students, and we will work to make sure that they can 
pursue their dreams without the burdens of unnecessary costs and debt. 
While we may find ourselves facing hard economic decisions, we must 
empower the next generation with the necessary tools and invest in 
their education. The College Opportunity and Affordability Act will set 
a blueprint for the future, and I encourage all my colleagues to vote 
for this bill.
  Mr. SPACE. Mr. Chairman, I would like to begin by thanking Chairman 
George Miller for his work on behalf of rural communities in H.R. 4137. 
Specifically, I would like to thank Chairman Miller for including 
provisions from H.R. 4139, the Colleges and Universities Rural 
Education (CURE) Act, in this important bill.
  I would also like to extend my thanks to Ranking Member McKeon for 
his hard work on the legislation, as well as the staff of the Committee 
on Education and Labor.
  Rural communities face a unique set of challenges in developing a 
highly-skilled workforce. Limited access to higher education makes 
advanced training more difficult to attain for the millions of 
Americans living in rural areas around the country. While we all should 
take pride in the work of our nation's public schools and teachers in 
providing a quality education to American children, the need for 
training beyond a basic high school diploma is clearly critical.
  I see this deficit every day in southeastern Ohio. Some communities 
struggle to fill critical professions, particularly in the medical 
community, due to the rural nature of their district and the lack of 
training opportunities in a reasonable proximity.
  To rectify this deficit, I introduced H.R. 4139, the CURE Act. This 
important legislation authorizes grants to the colleges serving rural 
America to create partnerships with rural school districts to improve 
access to higher education for rural high school graduates. These 
grants will provide important access to financial aid opportunities as 
well as programs on college campuses that will help to encourage 
students to pursue higher education when they might otherwise not.
  Additionally, this legislation authorizes grants for rural colleges 
to develop training programs in needed professions, and develop 
partnerships with employers in the area to develop employment 
pipelines. These grants will help rural communities struggling to fill 
the positions needed to maintain a quality of life, such as doctors and 
teachers.
  Again, I wish to commend Chairman Miller for his willingness to see 
the challenges facing rural America and work to improve the quality of 
life for those communities. On behalf of my colleagues and I who 
represent rural America, I extend my truest and utmost thanks.
  Mr. BACA. Mr. Chairman, I ask for unanimous consent to revise and 
extend my remarks.
  I rise today to voice my strong support for H.R. 4137, the College 
Opportunity and Affordability Act.
  Last year, this Congress took a first step in our promise to lower 
education costs and increase opportunities for American families.
  This bill is about keeping that promise by strengthening higher 
education and increasing access to college for low income students.
  This is especially important for the Latino community here in the 
United States where too many don't even apply to college because of the 
high costs. And the number of Latino students graduating with a degree 
does not compare with their white counterparts.
  This year only 25 percent of college-age Latinos were actually 
enrolled in college. Only 25 percent.
  This bill will help to eliminate this gap. It increases financial 
aid, strengthens college prep programs for low income students, and 
makes historic investments at minority serving institutions.
  When we provide low-income students with access to college, we 
strengthen the middle class and make America stronger.
  One thing I'd like to work with the Committee on is the student loan 
debt burden on teachers. Right now they can only get student repayment 
for their direct loans. But we really should help them pay back all of 
their student loans, including their private ones. They provide an 
important service to our Nation so that is the least we can do.
  I urge my colleagues to support H.R. 4137.
  Mr. LANTOS. Mr. Chairman, I rise today in support of the Lantos-Watt 
amendment to the Higher Education Reauthorization, H.R. 4137. This 
amendment clarifies that all graduate degree granting institutions are 
eligible as lead grantees under the Graduate Assistance in Areas of 
National Need (GAANN) program in Title VII of the HEA.
  Mr. Chairman, as a former professor at San Francisco State 
University, I know the caliber of student in their graduate programs. 
And with our proximity to Silicon Valley, many of the leading biotech 
companies have an embarrassment of riches to select from. Before the 
Department of Education undermined congressional intent, limiting 
participation of master's degree granting institutions, SFSU was 
routinely competing and winning GAANN fellowships.
  Congress created the GAANN program to provide these fellowships for 
graduates with superior ability and financial needs studying in areas 
of national need. Under the original HEA statute and GAANN program 
regulations, graduate degree granting institutions including those 
terminating in a master's degree are eligible to participate as lead 
institutions in the GAANN program. Contrary to Congressional intent and 
the GAANN statute--which refers to graduate, not doctoral 
institutions--the Department limited participation as a lead entity in 
GAANN to doctoral granting institutions only. This action eliminated 
three master's degree granting programs at San Francisco State 
University, along with Florida A and North Carolina A from 
participation in the GAANN program. Until this action, SFSU had GAANN 
grants in biology and chemistry.
  Mr. Chairman, in the President's FY09 budget released a few days ago 
the GAANN program was tabbed for an increase in funding to stem the 
long-term decline in the number of fellowships awarded under the 
program. The President recognized how effective these grants are and 
provided support for 747 fellowships, including 529 new fellows.
  Mr. Chairman, GAANN is a competitive program. This provision would 
not open the program to new entrants. It would merely restore the 
ability of master's degree granting programs to compete with those 
granting PhDs. I proudly support the Lantos-Watt amendment and thank 
Mr. Watt for working with me to give all universities an opportunity to 
compete.
  Mr. UDALL of Colorado. Mr. Chairman, I will support H.R. 4137, the 
College Opportunity and Affordability Act of 2007. Overall, it is an 
excellent bill, but I do have a serious concern about the impact of one 
provision, the state maintenance-of-efforts provision, on Colorado.
  This bill will reauthorize the Higher Education Act and will help 
make our colleges and universities more affordable and accessible.
  I am especially pleased that this bill will help students and 
families trying to afford the increasing costs of college. The bill 
increases the maximum Pell grant award to $9,000 annually, up from 
$5,800. Pell Grants enable many students to attend college, but with 
rising tuition costs these grants have lost some

[[Page H658]]

of their purchasing power. This increase will allow Pell Grants to help 
students limit debt and expand their education opportunities. Also, 
Pell Grant scholarships availability will be expanded to year-round to 
allow students to use the funding when it best works with their 
schedule.
  Not only will H.R. 4137 increase federal aid, but it will also make 
the process of applying for that aid much more straightforward. 
Streamlining the application process for Federal aid will make it 
easier for students and their families to determine if they are 
eligible for Federal loans. The bill will also create a two-page 
``FAFSA-EZ'' form for low-income students and families who qualify for 
the ``auto-zero'' family contribution.
  And the legislation will not just help students from low-income 
families--it will help all students become better informed by requiring 
that the Department of Education publicly provide a user-friendly list 
of all colleges and universities in the country with information on 
tuition and fees, average price after grant aid, recent price 
increases, and change in per-student spending.
  Textbooks are a growing--and often overlooked--cost of attending 
college. Students can spend hundreds of dollars on textbooks every 
semester, adding up to thousands of dollars by the time they graduate. 
The bill requires college textbook publishers to provide full pricing 
information about both bundled textbooks and unbundled alternatives. It 
also requires that publishers sell unbundled versions of every bundled 
textbook they sell so that students are not forced to purchase unneeded 
extras, such as study guides or CDs.
  H.R. 4137 reauthorizes two critical programs that help disadvantaged 
students thrive in college. GEAR-UP helps prepare low-income elementary 
and secondary students to succeed in college and the bill increases the 
authorized funding to $400 million for GEAR-UP. It also increases the 
authorization level for the TRIO programs--Upward Bound, Talent Search, 
and Student Services--to $950 million. The TRIO programs seek to 
increase high school completion and college participation and 
graduation rates among low-income and first- generation college 
students. African-American students make up nearly 50 percent of all 
TRIO participants.
  The bill recognizes the debt that our country owes to our soldiers 
and their families. It creates a new scholarship program for active 
duty military personnel and their family members to help make college 
more affordable. The bill also establishes support centers to help 
veterans succeed in college and graduate.
  As co-chair of the House Science, Technology, Engineering, and Math 
(STEM) Education caucus, I am pleased that this bill builds upon the 
America COMPETES Act to expand and improve STEM education. It creates 
programs to bolster students' interest in STEM careers through 
collaborations with businesses and other stakeholders, as well as 
improves teacher training and development programs and focuses on 
recruiting teachers into high demand science and technology fields.
  As I mentioned, I am particularly concerned about the impact that the 
maintenance-of-effort provision will have on my state of Colorado. This 
provision ties Federal funding to state funding. Though I applaud the 
effort by Chairman Miller to encourage states to continue to support 
higher education, Colorado is in an unusual position because we have 
several constitutional provisions that limit the spending options of 
our legislature. These include the Tax Payer's Bill of Rights, or 
TABOR, and another that requires that the state increase funding for K 
through 12 education every year. Together with other constraints, these 
provisions have seriously affected the state's ability to fund higher 
education--and the maintenance-of-effort provision will not help 
matters.
  While the manager's amendment improved this provision, I will work to 
see that this issue is further addressed in conference.
  In conclusion, I encourage all of my colleagues to support H.R. 4137.
  Mr. INSLEE. Mr. Chairman, due to unexpected circumstances, I missed 
the vote on the College Opportunity and Affordability Act, H.R. 4137, 
important legislation to reauthorize and strengthen key Higher 
Education Act programs aimed at making college education more 
affordable and accessible for American students. Had I been present, I 
would have voted in favor of the legislation that will keep America's 
economy competitive.
  Overall, the College Opportunity and Affordability Act will address 
major issues facing our Nation's students from simplifying student aid 
forms to addressing rising textbook and tuition costs. The bill will 
increase assistance for Veterans and military families and bolster 
students' interest in science and technology by partnering with 
businesses and other stakeholders.
  I commend Chairman Miller and Hinojosa for their diligent work on the 
underlying legislation and for their support for my amendment that was 
passed to improve key education grants by setting higher environmental 
standards for recipients. The amendment ensures that Sustainability 
Planning Grants are awarded to projects aiming to reduce greenhouse gas 
emissions, guaranteeing that Federal funds make a meaningful impact on 
global warming and requires that certain Federal grantees demonstrate 
that they meet or exceed American Society of Heating, Refrigerating and 
Air-Conditioning Engineers, ASHRAE, energy-efficiency standards when 
designing new facilities. Finally, the amendment would add a Sense of 
Congress to reject the President's FY2009 budget proposal to eliminate 
the important Perkins Loan Program, a critical educational program for 
high-need students who will become a modern green workforce.
  Additionally, I applaud Representatives Blumenauer and Ehlers for 
their work to include provisions to support green higher education 
efforts. Many of our Nation's 4,000 colleges and universities are 
taking action to reduce greenhouse-gas pollution, which currently 
accounts for 7 percent of U.S. carbon emissions. Federal grants should 
be available to give a boost to such projects, like the state-of-the-
art, carbon-neutral science laboratory being planned at Cascadia 
Community College in my district.
  The CHAIRMAN. All time for general debate has expired.
  Pursuant to the rule, the amendment in the nature of a substitute 
printed in the bill shall be considered as an original bill for the 
purpose of amendment under the 5-minute rule and shall be considered 
read.
  The text of the committee amendment is as follows:

                               H.R. 4137

       Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of 
     the United States of America in Congress assembled,

     SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE; TABLE OF CONTENTS.

       (a) Short Title.--This Act may be cited as the ``College 
     Opportunity and Affordability Act of 2007''.
       (b) Table of Contents.--

Sec. 1. Short title; table of contents.
Sec. 2. References; Effective date.

                      TITLE I--TITLE I AMENDMENTS

Sec. 101. Definitions of institution of higher education.
Sec. 102. Additional definitions.
Sec. 103. Treatment of territories and territorial student assistance.
Sec. 104. National Advisory Committee on Institutional Quality and 
              Integrity.
``Sec. 114. National Advisory Committee on Institutional Quality and 
              Integrity.
Sec. 105. Drug and alcohol abuse prevention.
Sec. 106. Prior rights and obligations.
Sec. 107. Improved information concerning the Federal student financial 
              aid website.
Sec. 108. State commitment to affordable college education.
``Sec. 132. State commitment to affordable college education.
Sec. 109. Transparency in college tuition for consumers.
``Sec. 133. Transparency in college tuition for consumers.
Sec. 110. Textbook information.
``Sec. 134. Textbook information.
Sec. 111. Database of student information prohibited.
``Sec. 135. Database of student information prohibited.
Sec. 112. Institution and lender reporting and disclosure requirements.

 ``Part E--Lender and Institution Requirements Relating to Educational 
                                 Loans

``Sec. 151. Definitions.
``Sec. 152. Requirements for lenders and institutions participating in 
              preferred lender arrangements.
``Sec. 153. Interest rate report for institutions and lenders 
              participating in preferred lender arrangements.
``Sec. 154. Private educational loan disclosure requirements for 
              covered institutions.
``Sec. 155. Integrity provisions.
``Sec. 156. Compliance and enforcement.
``Sec. 157. Student loan counseling.
Sec. 113. Feasibility study for national electronic student loan 
              marketplace.

                      TITLE II--TITLE II REVISION

Sec. 201. Revision of title II.

                ``TITLE II--TEACHER QUALITY ENHANCEMENT

``Sec. 200. Definitions.
``Sec. 200A. Rule of Construction.

              ``Part A--Teacher Quality Partnership Grants

``Sec. 201. Purposes; Definitions.
``Sec. 202. Partnership grants.
``Sec. 203. Administrative provisions.
``Sec. 204. Accountability and evaluation.
``Sec. 205. Accountability for programs that prepare teachers.
``Sec. 206. Teacher development.
``Sec. 207. State functions.
``Sec. 208. General provisions.
``Sec. 209. Authorization of appropriations.

         ``Part B--Preparing Teachers for Digital Age Learners

``Sec. 221. Program authorized.

[[Page H659]]

``Sec. 222. Uses of Funds.
``Sec. 223. Application requirements.
``Sec. 224. Evaluation.
``Sec. 225. Authorization of appropriations.

                 ``Part C--Enhancing Teacher Education

``Sec. 240. Authorization of appropriations.

``subpart 1--recruiting teachers with math, science, or language majors

``Sec. 241. Program authorized.

``subpart 2--community colleges as partners in teacher education grants

``Sec. 251. Grants to community colleges.
``Sec. 252. Definitions.

    ``subpart 3--honorable augustus f. hawkins centers of excellence

``Sec. 261. Definitions.
``Sec. 262. Augustus F. Hawkins Centers of excellence.

                     ``subpart 4--teach for america

``Sec. 271. Teach for America.

  ``subpart 5--early childhood education professional development and 
                           career task force

``Sec. 281. Purpose.
``Sec. 282. Definition of early childhood education program.
``Sec. 283. Grants authorized.
``Sec. 284. State task force establishment.
``Sec. 285. State task force activities.
``Sec. 286. State application and report.
``Sec. 287. Evaluations.
Sec. 202. National Academy of Sciences study of best practices in 
              teacher preparation.

                    TITLE III--TITLE III AMENDMENTS

Sec. 301. Program purpose.
Sec. 302. Title III grants for American Indian Tribally Controlled 
              Colleges and Universities.
Sec. 303. Predominantly Black Institutions.
``Sec. 318. Predominantly Black Institutions.
Sec. 304. Assistance to Asian American and Native American Pacific 
              Islander-serving institutions.
``Sec. 319. Asian American and Native American Pacific Islander-serving 
              institutions.
Sec. 305. Native American-serving, nontribal institutions.
``Sec. 320. Native American-serving, nontribal institutions.
Sec. 306. Strengthening Historically Black Colleges and Universities.
Sec. 307. Endowment Challenge Grants.
Sec. 308. Limitations on Federal insurance for bonds issued by the 
              designated bonding authority.
Sec. 309. Programs in STEM fields.

                  ``subpart 2--programs in stem fields

``Sec. 355. YES Partnerships grant program.
``Sec. 356. Promotion of entry into STEM fields.
``Sec. 357. Evaluation and Accountability Plan.
Sec. 310. Technical assistance.
Sec. 311. Waiver authority.
Sec. 312. Authorization of appropriations.
Sec. 313. Technical corrections.

                     TITLE IV--TITLE IV AMENDMENTS

                       Part A--PART A AMENDMENTS

Sec. 401. Federal Pell Grants.
Sec. 402. Federal TRIO Programs.
Sec. 403. GEARUP Amendments.
Sec. 404. Academic Achievement Incentive Scholarships.
Sec. 405. Federal Supplemental Educational Opportunity Grants.
Sec. 406. Grants for access and persistence.
``Sec. 415E. Grants for access and persistence.
Sec. 407. Special programs for students whose families are engaged in 
              migrant and seasonal farmwork.
Sec. 408. Robert C. Byrd Honors Scholarship Program.

      ``subpart 6--robert c. byrd american competitiveness program

``Sec. 419A. Robert C. Byrd mathematics and science honors scholarship 
              program.
``Sec. 419B. Mathematics and science incentive program.
``Sec. 419C. Foreign Language Partnerships.
``Sec. 419D. Authorization of appropriations.
Sec. 409. Child care access means parents in school.
Sec. 410. Learning Anytime Anywhere Partnerships.
Sec. 411. TEACH Grants.
``Sec. 420P. Program evaluation.

                 Part B--Federal Family Education Loans

Sec. 421. Limitations on Amounts of Loans Covered by Federal Insurance.
Sec. 422. Federal Interest Subsidies.
Sec. 423. Student loan information.
Sec. 424. Consolidation loan disclosure.
Sec. 425. Loan forgiveness for service in areas of national need.
``Sec. 428K. Loan forgiveness for service in areas of national need.
Sec. 426. Loan repayment for civil legal assistance attorneys.
``Sec. 428L. Loan repayment for civil legal assistance attorneys.
Sec. 427. Settlement of claims.
Sec. 428. Delinquency prevention, default aversion, and consumer 
              education information programs.
``Sec. 433A. Delinquency prevention, default aversion, and consumer 
              education information programs.
Sec. 429. Definition of eligible lender.
Sec. 430. Cohort default rates.
Sec. 431. Disability determinations.

                       Part C--College Work/Study

Sec. 441. Reauthorization.
Sec. 442. Additional funds for off-campus community service.
Sec. 443. Work Colleges.

                  Part D--Federal Direct Student Loans

Sec. 451. Reauthorization.
Sec. 452. Public service job definition.
Sec. 453. Identity fraud protection.
Sec. 454. Direct loan program audit and reporting requirements.

                         Part E--Perkins Loans

Sec. 461. Extension of authority.
Sec. 462. Allowance for books and supplies.
Sec. 463. Agreements with institutions.
Sec. 464. Perkins loan terms and conditions.
Sec. 465. Cancellation for public service.

                         Part F--Need Analysis

Sec. 471. Cost of attendance.
Sec. 472. Discretion to make adjustments for nursing home expenses.
Sec. 473. Definitions.

                       Part G--General Provisions

Sec. 481. Compliance calendar.
Sec. 482. Improvements to paper and electronic forms and processes.
Sec. 483. Increasing access to technology.
Sec. 484. Sense of the Congress; Report.
Sec. 485. Student eligibility.
Sec. 486. Assessment of costs and other charges.
Sec. 487. Readmission requirements for servicemembers.
Sec. 488. Institutional and financial assistance information for 
              students.
Sec. 489. Articulation agreements.
``Sec. 486A. Articulation agreements.
Sec. 490. Program participation agreements.
Sec. 491. Regulatory relief and improvement.
Sec. 492. Advisory Committee on Student Financial Assistance.
Sec. 493. Negotiated rulemaking.
Sec. 494. Technical amendment.
Sec. 495. Campus-based digital theft prevention.
``Sec. 494. Campus-based digital theft prevention.

                       Part H--Program Integrity

Sec. 496. Recognition of accrediting agency or association.
Sec. 497. Accreditation Ombudsman.
``Sec. 497. Accreditation Ombudsman.
Sec. 498. Program review and data.
Sec. 499. Competitive loan auction pilot program evaluation.

                      TITLE V--TITLE V AMENDMENTS

Sec. 501. Postbaccalaureate opportunities for Hispanic Americans.

   ``Part B--Promoting Postbaccalaureate Opportunities for Hispanic 
                               Americans

``Sec. 511. Purposes.
``Sec. 512. Program authority and eligibility.
``Sec. 513. Authorized activities.
``Sec. 514. Application and duration.

                     TITLE VI--TITLE VI AMENDMENTS

Sec. 601. International and foreign language studies.
Sec. 602. Business and international education programs.
Sec. 603. Institute for International Public Policy.
``Sec. 621. Program for foreign service professionals.
Sec. 604. Preparing for early foreign language instruction.

       ``Part D--PREPARING FOR EARLY FOREIGN LANGUAGE INSTRUCTION

``Sec. 631. Preparing for early foreign language instruction.
Sec. 605. Evaluation, outreach, and dissemination.
``Sec. 642. Evaluation, outreach, and dissemination.
Sec. 606. Student safety.
``Sec. 643. Student safety.
Sec. 607. Science and technology advanced foreign language education 
              grant program.
``Sec. 644. Science and technology advanced foreign language education 
              grant program.
Sec. 608. Reporting by Institutions.
``Sec. 645. Reporting by Institutions.
Sec. 609. Federal foreign language education marketing campaign.

                    TITLE VII--TITLE VII AMENDMENTS

Sec. 701. Javits fellowship program.
Sec. 702. Graduate assistance in areas of national need.
Sec. 703. Thurgood Marshall legal educational opportunity program.
Sec. 704. Patsy T. Mink Fellowship program.

             ``subpart 4--patsy t. mink fellowship program

``Sec. 722. Patsy T. Mink Fellowships.
Sec. 705. Fund for the improvement of postsecondary education.
Sec. 706. Urban-serving research universities.

             ``Part C--Urban-Serving Research Universities

``Sec. 751. Purpose; program authorized.
``Sec. 752. Application for urban-serving research university grants.
``Sec. 753. Allowable activities.
``Sec. 754. Definitions.
``Sec. 755. Authorization of appropriations.
Sec. 707. Programs to ensure students with disabilities receive a 
              quality higher education.

                 ``subpart 1--quality higher education

   ``subpart 2--national technical assistance center; commission on 
 accessible materials; programs to support improved access to materials

``Sec. 766. National Center.

[[Page H660]]

``Sec. 766A. Establishment of advisory commission on accessible 
              instructional materials in postsecondary education for 
              students with disabilities.
``Sec. 766B. Model demonstration programs to support improved access to 
              postsecondary instructional materials for students with 
              print disabilities.
``Sec. 766C. Authorization of appropriations.

    ``subpart 3--transition programs for students with intellectual 
        disabilities into higher education; coordinating center

``Sec. 767. Purpose.
``Sec. 768. Definitions.
``Sec. 769. Model comprehensive transition and postsecondary programs 
              for students with intellectual disabilities.
``Sec. 770. Coordinating center for technical assistance, evaluation, 
              and development of accreditation standards.
``Sec. 770A. Authorization of appropriations.
Sec. 708. Subgrants to nonprofit organizations.
Sec. 709. Nursing education.

                      ``Part F--Nursing Education

``Sec. 776. Additional capacity for R.N. students or graduate-level 
              nursing students.
``Sec. 777. Nurse Faculty Pilot Project.
Sec. 710. National study on higher education access and success for 
              students with disabilities.

                    TITLE VIII--ADDITIONAL PROGRAMS

Sec. 801. Additional programs.

                   ``TITLE VIII--ADDITIONAL PROGRAMS

``Sec. 800. Authorization of appropriations.

                         ``Part A--Low Tuition

``Sec. 801. Incentives and rewards for low tuition.

                    ``Part B--Cooperative Education

``Sec. 811. Statement of purpose; definition.
``Sec. 812. Reservations.
``Sec. 813. Grants for cooperative education.
``Sec. 814. Demonstration and innovation projects; training and 
              resource centers; and research.

                  ``Part C--College Partnership Grants

``Sec. 821. College Partnership Grants Authorized.

                    ``Part D--Student Success Grants

``Sec. 826. Student success grants.

                       ``Part E--Jobs to Careers

``Sec. 831. Grants to create bridges from jobs to careers.

                         ``Part F--Project GRAD

``Sec. 836. Project GRAD.

      ``Part G--Improving College Enrollment by Secondary Schools

``Sec. 841. Improving college enrollment by secondary schools.

                   ``Part H--Diploma Mill Prevention

``Sec. 851. Purpose; Definitions.
``Sec. 852. Recognized accrediting agencies and institutions.
``Sec. 853. Accrediting agencies.
``Sec. 854. Task Force.
``Sec. 855. Sense of the Congress regarding use by States of the 
              Federal Plan as guidelines.
``Sec. 856. Unfair and deceptive acts and practices regarding diplomas 
              and professional certifications.

        ``Part I--Student Safety and Campus Emergency Management

``Sec. 861. Student safety and campus emergency management.
``Sec. 862. Model emergency response policies, procedures, and 
              practices.
``Sec. 863. Preparation for future disasters plan by the Secretary.
``Sec. 864. Education disaster and emergency relief loan program.
``Sec. 865. Guidance on mental health disclosures for student safety.

 ``Part J--Rural Development Grants for Rural Colleges and Universities

``Sec. 871. Purpose.
``Sec. 872. Definitions.
``Sec. 873. Ensuring college access for rural high school graduates.
``Sec. 874. Economic development partnerships.
``Sec. 875. Quality of life in rural areas.
``Sec. 876. Allocation of appropriations.

 ``Part K--Improving Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics 
  Education With a Focus on Alaska Native and Native Hawaiian Students

``Sec. 880. Improving science, technology, engineering, and mathematics 
              education with a focus on Alaska Native and Native 
              Hawaiian students.

   ``Part L--National Database on Financial Assistance For Study of 
           Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics

``Sec. 881. National Database on Financial Assistance For Study of 
              Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics.

                ``Part M--Training for Realtime Writers

``Sec. 882. Program to promote training and job placement of realtime 
              writers.

      ``Part N--Centers of Excellence for Veteran Student Success

``Sec. 883. Model Programs for Centers of Excellence for Veteran 
              Student Success.

              ``Part O--University Sustainability Programs

              ``subpart 1--sustainability planning grants

``Sec. 884. Grants authorized.

                 ``subpart 2--summit on sustainability

``Sec. 885. Summit on sustainability.

               ``Part P--Modeling and Simulation Programs

``Sec. 886. Modeling and Simulation.

               ``Part Q--Business Workforce Partnerships

``Sec. 887. Grants to create business workforce partnerships.
Sec. 802. Sense of the Congress; report.
Sec. 803. Independent evaluation of distance education programs.
Sec. 804. Encouraging colleges and universities to ``go green''.
Sec. 805. Study of costs of environmental, health, and safety 
              standards.
Sec. 806. Study of minority male academic achievement.
Sec. 807. Study on bias in standardized tests.
Sec. 808. Feasibility study on student loans.
Sec. 809. Endowment report.
Sec. 810. Study of Correctional Postsecondary Education.
Sec. 811. National Undergraduate Fellows Program.
Sec. 812. National Center for Learning Science and Technology Trust 
              Fund.
Sec. 813. GAO Study of education related indebtedness of medical school 
              graduates.

                   TITLE IX--AMENDMENTS TO OTHER LAWS

               Part A--Education of the Deaf Act of 1986

Sec. 901. Laurent Clerc National Deaf Education Center.
Sec. 902. Agreement with Gallaudet University.
Sec. 903. Agreement for the National Technical Institute for the Deaf.
Sec. 904. Audit.
Sec. 905. Reports.
Sec. 906. Monitoring, evaluation, and reporting.
Sec. 907. Liaison for educational programs.
Sec. 908. Federal endowment programs for Gallaudet University and the 
              National Technical Institute for the Deaf.
Sec. 909. Oversight and effect of agreements.
Sec. 910. International students.
Sec. 911. Research priorities.
Sec. 912. National study on the education of the deaf.
Sec. 913. Authorization of appropriations.

                        Part B--INDIAN EDUCATION

              subpart 1--tribal colleges and universities

Sec. 921. Reauthorization of the Tribally Controlled College or 
              University Assistance Act of 1978.
``Sec. 105. Technical assistance contracts.

   ``TITLE V--TRIBALLY CONTROLLED POSTSECONDARY CAREER AND TECHNICAL 
                              INSTITUTIONS

``Sec. 501. Definition of tribally controlled postsecondary career and 
              technical institution.
``Sec. 502. Tribally controlled postsecondary career and technical 
              institutions program.
``Sec. 503. Applicability of other laws.
``Sec. 504. Authorization of appropriations.
``Sec. 1. Short title.

                   subpart 2--navajo higher education

Sec. 931. Reauthorization of Navajo Community College Act.

     Part C--Higher Education Amendments of 1998; Higher Education 
                           Amendments of 1992

Sec. 941. Grants for training for incarcerated individuals.

       ``Part D--Grants for Training for Incarcerated Individuals

``Sec. 821. Grants for improved workplace and community transition 
              training for incarcerated individuals.
Sec. 942. Underground railroad.
Sec. 943. Repeals of Expired and Executed Provisions.
Sec. 944. Olympic Scholarships.
Sec. 945. Establishment of Assistant Secretary for International and 
              Foreign Language Education.
``Sec. 207A. Office of international and foreign language education.

                  Part D--Justice Department Programs

Sec. 951. Loan repayment for prosecutors and defenders.

     ``Part JJ--Loan Repayment for Prosecutors and Public Defenders

``Sec. 3111. Grant authorization.
Sec. 952. National center for campus public safety.
Sec. 953. Private loan forgiveness.

       Part E--Stevenson-Wydler Technology Innovation Act of 1980

Sec. 961. Establishment of Program.
Sec. 962. Authorization of appropriations.

       TITLE X--PRIVATE STUDENT LOAN TRANSPARENCY AND IMPROVEMENT

Sec. 1001. Short title.
Sec. 1002. Definitions.
Sec. 1003. Regulations.
Sec. 1004. Effective dates.

Subtitle A--Preventing Unfair and Deceptive Private Educational Lending 
            Practices and Eliminating Conflicts of Interest

Sec. 1011. Amendment to the Truth in Lending Act.
`` 140. Preventing unfair and deceptive private educational lending 
              practices and eliminating conflicts of interest.
Sec. 1012. Civil liability.

[[Page H661]]

     Subtitle B--Improved Disclosures for Private Educational Loans

Sec. 1021. Private educational loan disclosures and limitations.
Sec. 1022. Application of Truth in Lending Act to all private 
              educational loans.

                     Subtitle C--Financial Literacy

Sec. 1031. Coordinated education efforts.

       Subtitle D--Study and Report on Nonindividual Information

Sec. 1041. Study and report on nonindividual information.

         Subtitle E--Incentives For Low-Cost Educational Loans

Sec. 1051. CRA credit for low-cost educational loans.

     SEC. 2. REFERENCES; EFFECTIVE DATE.

       (a) References.--Except as otherwise expressly provided 
     therein, whenever in this Act an amendment or repeal is 
     expressed in terms of an amendment to, or repeal of, a 
     section or other provision, the reference shall be considered 
     to be made to a section or other provision of the Higher 
     Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 1001 et seq.).
       (b) Effective Date.--Except as otherwise provided in this 
     Act or the amendments made by this Act, the amendments made 
     by this Act shall be effective on the date of enactment of 
     this Act.

                      TITLE I--TITLE I AMENDMENTS

     SEC. 101. DEFINITIONS OF INSTITUTION OF HIGHER EDUCATION.

       (a) Degree Programs.--Section 101 (20 U.S.C. 1001) is 
     amended--
       (1) in subsection (a)(3), by inserting ``, or awards a 
     degree that is acceptable for admission to a graduate or 
     professional degree program, subject to review and approval 
     by the Secretary'' after ``such a degree''; and
       (2) by striking subsection (b)(2) and inserting the 
     following:
       ``(2) a public or nonprofit private educational institution 
     in any State that, in lieu of the requirement in subsection 
     (a)(1), admits as regular students persons--
       ``(A) who are beyond the age of compulsory school 
     attendance in the State in which the institution is located; 
     or
       ``(B) who will be dually or concurrently enrolled in the 
     institution and a secondary school.''.
       (b) International Medical Schools.--Section 102(a)(2)(A) 
     (20 U.S.C. 1002(a)(2)(A)) is amended--
       (1) in the first sentence, by inserting ``nursing school,'' 
     after ``graduate medical school,'';
       (2) in clause (i)--
       (A) by striking ``or'' at the end of subclause (I); and
       (B) by striking subclause (II) and inserting the following 
     new subclauses:

       ``(II) the institution has or had a clinical training 
     program that was approved by a State as of January 1, 1992, 
     and continues to operate a clinical training program in at 
     least one State, which is approved by that State; or
       ``(III) the institution--

       ``(aa) has a clinical training program that was approved by 
     a State before January 1, 2008;
       ``(bb) certifies only unsubsidized Stafford or PLUS loans 
     under part B of title IV to graduate and professional 
     students attending the institution; and
       ``(cc) agrees to reimburse the Secretary for the cost of 
     any loan defaults for students included in the institution's 
     cohort default rate during the previous fiscal year; or''; 
     and
       (3) by striking the period at the end of clause (ii) and 
     inserting ``; or''; and
       (4) by adding at the end the following new clause:
       ``(iii) in the case of a nursing school located outside of 
     the United States, the institution--

       ``(I) has agreements with hospitals and eligible nursing 
     schools located in the United States that include provisions 
     for students to complete their clinical training at such 
     hospitals and eligible nursing schools;
       ``(II) certifies only unsubsidized Stafford and PLUS loans 
     under part B of title IV for students attending the 
     institution; and
       ``(III) agrees to reimburse the Secretary for the cost of 
     any loan defaults to the extent that the institution's cohort 
     default rate exceeds 5 percent.''.

       (c) Conforming Amendment Concerning 90/10 Enforcement.--
     Section 102(b)(1) (20 U.S.C. 1002(b)(1)) is amended--
       (1) by adding ``and'' after the semicolon in subparagraph 
     (D);
       (2) by striking ``; and'' and inserting a period in 
     subparagraph (E); and
       (3) by striking subparagraph (F).
       (d) Additional Institutions.--Section 102 (20 U.S.C. 1002) 
     is further amended--
       (1) by striking subsection (b)(2) and inserting the 
     following:
       ``(2) Additional institutions.--The term `proprietary 
     institution of higher education' also includes a proprietary 
     educational institution in any State that, in lieu of the 
     requirement in section 101(a)(1), admits as regular students 
     individuals--
       ``(A) who are beyond the age of compulsory school 
     attendance in the State in which the institution is located; 
     or
       ``(B) who will be dually or concurrently enrolled in the 
     institution and a secondary school.''; and
       (2) by striking subsection (c)(2) and inserting the 
     following:
       ``(2) Additional institutions.--The term `postsecondary 
     vocational institution' also includes an educational 
     institution in any State that, in lieu of the requirement in 
     section 101(a)(1), admits as regular students individuals--
       ``(A) who are beyond the age of compulsory school 
     attendance in the State in which the institution is located; 
     or
       ``(B) who will be dually or concurrently enrolled in the 
     institution and a secondary school.''.

     SEC. 102. ADDITIONAL DEFINITIONS.

       (a) Amendment.--Section 103 (20 U.S.C. 1003) is amended--
       (1) by adding at the end the following new paragraphs:
       ``(17) Authorizing committees.--The term `authorizing 
     committees' means the Committee on Health, Education, Labor, 
     and Pensions of the Senate and the Committee on Education and 
     Labor of the House of Representatives.
       ``(18) Critical foreign language.--Except as otherwise 
     provided, the term `critical foreign language' means each of 
     the languages contained in the list of critical languages 
     designated by the Secretary in the Federal Register on August 
     2, 1985 (50 Fed. Reg. 149, 31412; promulgated under the 
     authority of section 212(d) of the Education for Economic 
     Security Act (repealed by section 2303 of the Augustus F. 
     Hawkins-Robert T. Stafford Elementary and Secondary School 
     Improvement Amendments of 1988)), except that in the 
     implementation of this definition with respect to a specific 
     title, the Secretary may set priorities according to the 
     purposes of such title and the national security, economic 
     competitiveness, and educational needs of the United States.
       ``(19) Distance education.--
       ``(A) In general.--Except as otherwise provided, the term 
     `distance education' means education that uses 1 or more of 
     the technologies described in subparagraph (B)--
       ``(i) to deliver instruction to students who are separated 
     from the instructor; and
       ``(ii) to support regular and substantive interaction 
     between the students and the instructor, synchronously or 
     asynchronously.
       ``(B) Inclusions.--For the purposes of subparagraph (A), 
     the technologies used may include--
       ``(i) the Internet;
       ``(ii) one-way and two-way transmissions through open 
     broadcast, closed circuit, cable, microwave, broadband lines, 
     fiber optics, satellite, or wireless communications devices;
       ``(iii) audio conferencing; or
       ``(iv) video cassette, DVDs, and CD-ROMs, if the cassette, 
     DVDs, and CD-ROMs are used in a course in conjunction with 
     the technologies listed in clauses (i) through (iii).
       ``(20) High-need school.--Except with respect to title II, 
     the term `high-need school' means a public or nonprofit 
     private elementary or secondary school which is in a local 
     educational agency which is eligible for assistance pursuant 
     to title I of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 
     1965 in the applicable fiscal year, and which for the purpose 
     of this paragraph and for that year was determined by the 
     Secretary (pursuant to regulations and after consultation 
     with the State educational agency of the State in which the 
     school is located) to be a school in which the enrollment of 
     children counted under section 1113(a)(5) of the Elementary 
     and Secondary Education Act of 1965 exceeds 30 percent of the 
     total enrollment of that school.
       ``(21) Limited english proficient.--The term `limited 
     English proficient' has the meaning given such term in 
     section 9101 of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 
     1965.
       ``(22) Universal design.--The term `universal design' means 
     a concept or philosophy for designing and delivering products 
     and services that are usable by people with the widest 
     possible range of functional capabilities, which include 
     products and services that are directly accessible (without 
     requiring assistive technologies) and products and services 
     that are interoperable with assistive technologies.
       ``(23) Universal design for learning.--The term `universal 
     design for learning' means a research-based framework for 
     designing curriculum (including goals, methods, materials, 
     and assessments) that--
       ``(A) provides curricular flexibility in the ways 
     information is presented, in the ways students respond or 
     demonstrate knowledge, and in the ways students are engaged; 
     and
       ``(B) reduces barriers in instruction and assessment, 
     provides appropriate supports and challenges, and maintains 
     high achievement standards for all students, including 
     students with disabilities.''; and
       (2) by reordering paragraphs (1) through (16) and the 
     paragraphs added by paragraph (1) of this subsection in 
     alphabetical order based on the headings of such paragraphs, 
     and renumbering such paragraphs as so reordered.
       (b) Conforming Amendments.--The Act (20 U.S.C. 1001 et 
     seq.) is amended--
       (1) in section 131(a)(3)(B) (20 U.S.C. 1015(a)(3)(B)), by 
     striking ``Committee on Labor and Human Resources of the 
     Senate and the Committee on Education and the Workforce of 
     the House of Representatives'' and inserting ``authorizing 
     committees'';
       (2) in section 141(d)(4)(B) (20 U.S.C. 1018(d)(4)(B)), by 
     striking ``Committee on Education and the Workforce of the 
     House of Representatives and the Committee on Labor and Human 
     Resources of the Senate'' and inserting ``authorizing 
     committees'';
       (3) in section 401(f)(3) (20 U.S.C. 1070a(f)(3)), by 
     striking ``to the Committee on Appropriations'' and all that 
     follows through ``House of Representatives'' and inserting 
     ``to the Committee on Appropriations of the Senate, the 
     Committee on Appropriations of the House of Representatives, 
     and the authorizing committees'';
       (4) in section 428 (20 U.S.C. 1078)--
       (A) in subsection (c)(9)(K), by striking ``House Committee 
     on Education and the Workforce and the Senate Committee on 
     Labor and Human Resources'' and inserting ``authorizing 
     committees'';
       (B) in the matter following paragraph (2) of subsection 
     (g), by striking ``Committee on Labor

[[Page H662]]

     and Human Resources of the Senate and the Committee on 
     Education and the Workforce of the House of Representatives'' 
     and inserting ``authorizing committees''; and
       (C) in subsection (n)(4), by striking ``Committee on 
     Education and the Workforce of the House of Representatives 
     and the Committee on Labor and Human Resources of the 
     Senate'' and inserting ``authorizing committees'';
       (5) in section 428A(c) (20 U.S.C. 1078-1(c))--
       (A) in the matter preceding subparagraph (A) of paragraph 
     (2), by striking ``Chairperson'' and all that follows through 
     ``House of Representatives'' and inserting ``members of the 
     authorizing committees'';
       (B) in paragraph (3), by striking ``Chairperson'' and all 
     that follows through ``House of Representatives'' and 
     inserting ``members of the authorizing committees''; and
       (C) in paragraph (5), by striking ``Chairperson'' and all 
     that follows through ``House of Representatives'' and 
     inserting ``members of the authorizing committees'';
       (6) in section 432 (20 U.S.C. 1082)--
       (A) in subsection (f)(1)(C), by striking ``the Committee on 
     Education and the Workforce of the House of Representatives 
     or the Committee on Labor and Human Resources of the Senate'' 
     and inserting ``either of the authorizing committees''; and
       (B) in the matter following subparagraph (D) of subsection 
     (n)(3), by striking ``Committee on Education and the 
     Workforce of the House of Representatives and the Committee 
     on Labor and Human Resources of the Senate'' and inserting 
     ``authorizing committees'';
       (7) in section 437(c)(1) (20 U.S.C. 1087(c)(1)), by 
     striking ``Committee on Education and the Workforce of the 
     House of Representatives and the Committee on Labor and Human 
     Resources of the Senate'' and inserting ``authorizing 
     committees'';
       (8) in section 439 (20 U.S.C. 1087-2)--
       (A) in subsection (d)(1)(E)(iii), by striking ``advise the 
     Chairman'' and all that follows through ``House of 
     Representatives'' and inserting ``advise the members of the 
     authorizing committees'';
       (B) in subsection (r)--
       (i) in paragraph (3), by striking ``inform the Chairman'' 
     and all that follows through ``House of Representatives,'' 
     and inserting ``inform the members of the authorizing 
     committees'';
       (ii) in paragraph (5)(B), by striking ``plan, to the 
     Chairman'' and all that follows through ``Education and 
     Labor'' and inserting ``plan, to the members of the 
     authorizing committees'';
       (iii) in paragraph (6)(B)--

       (I) by striking ``plan, to the Chairman'' and all that 
     follows through ``House of Representatives'' and inserting 
     ``plan, to the members of the authorizing committees''; and
       (II) by striking ``Chairmen and ranking minority members of 
     such Committees'' and inserting ``members of the authorizing 
     committees'';

       (iv) in paragraph (8)(C), by striking ``implemented to the 
     Chairman'' and all that follows through ``House of 
     Representatives, and'' and inserting ``implemented to the 
     members of the authorizing committees, and to''; and
       (v) in the matter preceding subparagraph (A) of paragraph 
     (10), by striking ``days to the Chairman'' and all that 
     follows through ``Education and Labor'' and inserting ``days 
     to the members of the authorizing committees''; and
       (C) in subsection (s)(2)--
       (i) in the matter preceding clause (i) of subparagraph (A), 
     by striking ``Treasury and to the Chairman'' and all that 
     follows through ``House of Representatives'' and inserting 
     ``Treasury and to the members of the authorizing 
     committees''; and
       (ii) in subparagraph (B), by striking ``Treasury and to the 
     Chairman'' and all that follows through ``House of 
     Representatives'' and inserting ``Treasury and to the members 
     of the authorizing committees'';
       (9) in section 455(b)(8)(B) (20 U.S.C. 1087e(b)(8)(B)), by 
     striking ``Committee on Labor and Human Resources of the 
     Senate and the Committee on Education and the Workforce of 
     the House of Representatives'' and inserting ``authorizing 
     committees'';
       (10) in section 482(d) (20 U.S.C. 1089(d)), by striking 
     ``Committee on Labor and Human Resources of the Senate and 
     the Committee on Education and Labor of the House of 
     Representatives'' and inserting ``authorizing committees'';
       (11) in section 483(c) (20 U.S.C. 1090(c)), by striking 
     ``Committee on Labor and Human Resources of the Senate and 
     the Committee on Education and the Workforce of the House of 
     Representatives'' and inserting ``authorizing committees'';
       (12) in section 485 (20 U.S.C. 1092)--
       (A) in subsection (f)(5)(A), by striking ``Committee on 
     Education and the Workforce of the House of Representatives 
     and the Committee on Labor and Human Resources of the 
     Senate'' and inserting ``authorizing committees''; and
       (B) in subsection (g)(4)(B), by striking ``Committee on 
     Education and the Workforce of the House of Representatives 
     and the Committee on Labor and Human Resources of the 
     Senate'' and inserting ``authorizing committees'';
       (13) in section 486 (20 U.S.C. 1093)--
       (A) in subsection (e), by striking ``Committee on Labor and 
     Human Resources of the Senate and the Committee on Education 
     and the Workforce of the House of Representatives'' and 
     inserting ``authorizing committees''; and
       (B) in subsection (f)(3)--
       (i) in the matter preceding clause (i) of subparagraph (A), 
     by striking ``Committee on Labor and Human Resources of the 
     Senate and the Committee on Education and the Workforce of 
     the House of Representatives'' and inserting ``authorizing 
     committees''; and
       (ii) in the matter preceding clause (i) of subparagraph 
     (B), by striking ``Committee on Labor and Human Resources of 
     the Senate and the Committee on Education and the Workforce 
     of the House of Representatives'' and inserting ``authorizing 
     committees'';
       (14) in section 487A(a)(5) (20 U.S.C. 1094a(a)(5)), by 
     striking ``Committee on Labor and Human Resources of the 
     Senate and the Committee on Education and the Workforce of 
     the House of Representatives'' and inserting ``authorizing 
     committees''; and
       (15) in section 498B(d) (20 U.S.C. 1099c-2(d))--
       (A) in paragraph (1), by striking ``Committee on Labor and 
     Human Resources of the Senate and the Committee on Education 
     and the Workforce of the House of Representatives'' and 
     inserting ``authorizing committees''; and
       (B) in paragraph (2), by striking ``Committee on Labor and 
     Human Resources of the Senate and the Committee on Education 
     and the Workforce of the House of Representatives'' and 
     inserting ``authorizing committees''.

     SEC. 103. TREATMENT OF TERRITORIES AND TERRITORIAL STUDENT 
                   ASSISTANCE.

       Section 113 (20 U.S.C. 1011b) is amended--
       (1) by striking ``TREATMENT OF TERRITORIES AND TERRITORIAL 
     STUDENT ASSISTANCE'' in the heading of such section and 
     inserting ``TERRITORIAL WAIVER AUTHORITY''; and
       (2) by striking ``(a) Waiver Authority.--''; and
       (3) by striking subsection (b).

     SEC. 104. NATIONAL ADVISORY COMMITTEE ON INSTITUTIONAL 
                   QUALITY AND INTEGRITY.

       (a) Amendment.--Section 114 (20 U.S.C. 1011c) is amended to 
     read as follows:

     ``SEC. 114. NATIONAL ADVISORY COMMITTEE ON INSTITUTIONAL 
                   QUALITY AND INTEGRITY.

       ``(a) Establishment.--There is established in the 
     Department a National Advisory Committee on Institutional 
     Quality and Integrity (in this section referred to as the 
     `Committee') to assess the process of accreditation and the 
     institutional eligibility and certification of such 
     institutions under title IV.
       ``(b) Membership.--
       ``(1) In general.--The Committee shall have 18 members, of 
     which--
       ``(A) 6 members shall be appointed by the Secretary;
       ``(B) 6 members shall be appointed by the Speaker of the 
     House of Representatives, 3 members on the recommendation of 
     the majority leader of the House of Representatives, and 3 
     members on the recommendation of the minority leader of the 
     House of Representatives; and
       ``(C) 6 members shall be appointed by the President pro 
     tempore of the Senate, 3 members on the recommendation of the 
     majority leader of the Senate, and 3 members on the 
     recommendation of the minority leader of the Senate.
       ``(2) Qualifications.--Individuals shall be appointed as 
     members of the Committee--
       ``(A) on the basis of the individuals' experience, 
     integrity, impartiality, and good judgment;
       ``(B) from among individuals who are representatives of, or 
     knowledgeable concerning, education and training beyond 
     secondary education, representing all sectors and types of 
     institutions of higher education (as defined in section 102); 
     and
       ``(C) on the basis of the individuals' technical 
     qualifications, professional standing, and demonstrated 
     knowledge in the fields of accreditation and administration 
     in higher education.
       ``(3) Terms of members.--Except as provided in paragraph 
     (5), the term of office of each member of the Committee shall 
     be for 6 years, except that any member appointed to fill a 
     vacancy occurring prior to the expiration of the term for 
     which the member's predecessor was appointed shall be 
     appointed for the remainder of such term.
       ``(4) Vacancy.--A vacancy on the Committee shall be filled 
     in the same manner as the original appointment was made not 
     later than 90 days after the vacancy occurs. If a vacancy 
     occurs in a position to be filled by the Secretary, the 
     Secretary shall publish a Federal Register notice soliciting 
     nominations for the position not later than 30 days after 
     being notified of the vacancy.
       ``(5) Initial terms.--The terms of office for the initial 
     members of the Committee shall be--
       ``(A) 3 years for members appointed under paragraph (1)(A);
       ``(B) 4 years for members appointed under paragraph (1)(B); 
     and
       ``(C) 6 years for members appointed under paragraph (1)(C).
       ``(6) Chairperson.--The members of the Committee shall 
     select a chairperson from among the members.
       ``(c) Functions.--The Committee shall--
       ``(1) advise the Secretary with respect to establishment 
     and enforcement of the standards of accrediting agencies or 
     associations under subpart 2 of part H of title IV;
       ``(2) advise the Secretary with respect to the recognition 
     of a specific accrediting agency or association;
       ``(3) advise the Secretary with respect to the preparation 
     and publication of the list of nationally recognized 
     accrediting agencies and associations;
       ``(4) advise the Secretary with respect to the eligibility 
     and certification process for institutions of higher 
     education under title IV, together with recommendations for 
     improvements in such process;
       ``(5) advise the Secretary with respect to the relationship 
     between--
       ``(A) accreditation of institutions of higher education and 
     the certification and eligibility of such institutions; and
       ``(B) State licensing responsibilities with respect to such 
     institutions;
       ``(6) take into consideration the complaints, and the 
     resolution of such complaints, received by the ombudsman 
     described in section 497 when advising the Secretary with 
     respect to the recognition of a specific accrediting agency 
     or association; and

[[Page H663]]

       ``(7) carry out such other advisory functions relating to 
     accreditation and institutional eligibility as the Secretary 
     may prescribe by regulation.
       ``(d) Meeting Procedures.--
       ``(1) Schedule.--
       ``(A) Biannual meetings.--The Committee shall meet not less 
     often than twice each year, at the call of the Chairperson.
       ``(B) Publication of date.--The Committee shall submit the 
     date and location of each meeting in advance to the 
     Secretary, and the Secretary shall publish such information 
     in the Federal Register not later than 30 days before the 
     meeting.
       ``(2) Agenda.--
       ``(A) Establishment.--The agenda for a meeting of the 
     Committee shall be established by the Chairperson and shall 
     be submitted to the members of the Committee upon 
     notification of the meeting.
       ``(B) Opportunity for public comment.--The agenda shall 
     include, at a minimum, opportunity for public comment during 
     the Committee's deliberations.
       ``(3) Federal advisory committee act.--The provisions of 
     the Federal Advisory Committee Act (5 U.S.C. App.) shall 
     apply to the Committee, except that section 14 of such Act 
     shall not apply.
       ``(e) Limitation.--The Committee shall not recommend denial 
     of an application related to the recognition of an 
     accrediting agency or association for any reason other than a 
     reason set forth in section 496.
       ``(f) Report and Notice.--
       ``(1) Notice.--The Secretary shall annually publish in the 
     Federal Register--
       ``(A) a list containing, for each member of the Committee--
       ``(i) the member's name;
       ``(ii) the date of the expiration of the member's term of 
     office; and
       ``(iii) the individual described in subsection (b)(1) who 
     appointed the member; and
       ``(B) a solicitation of nominations for each expiring term 
     of office on the Committee of a member appointed by the 
     Secretary.
       ``(2) Report.--Not later than September 30 of each year, 
     the Committee shall make an annual report to the Secretary, 
     the authorizing committees, and the public. The annual report 
     shall contain--
       ``(A) a detailed summary of the agenda and activities of, 
     and the findings and recommendations made by, the Committee 
     during the preceding fiscal year;
       ``(B) a list of the date and location of each meeting 
     during the preceding fiscal year;
       ``(C) a list of the members of the Committee and 
     appropriate contact information; and
       ``(D) a list of the functions of the Committee, including 
     any additional functions established by the Secretary through 
     regulation.
       ``(g) Termination.--The Committee shall terminate on 
     September 30, 2012.''.
       (b) Effective Date.--The amendment made by subsection (a) 
     shall be effective January 1, 2009.

     SEC. 105. DRUG AND ALCOHOL ABUSE PREVENTION.

       Section 120 (20 U.S.C. 1011i) is amended--
       (1) in subsection (a)(2)--
       (A) in subparagraph (A), by striking ``and'' after the 
     semicolon;
       (B) by redesignating subparagraph (B) as subparagraph (D); 
     and
       (C) by inserting after subparagraph (A) (as amended by 
     subparagraph (A) of this paragraph) the following:
       ``(B) determine the number of drug and alcohol-related 
     incidents and fatalities that--
       ``(i) occur on the institution's property or as part of any 
     of the institution's activities; and
       ``(ii) are reported to the institution;
       ``(C) determine the number and type of sanctions described 
     in paragraph (1)(E) that are imposed by the institution as a 
     result of drug and alcohol-related incidents and fatalities 
     on the institution's property or as part of any of the 
     institution's activities; and'';
       (2) in subsection (e)(5), by striking ``1999'' and 
     inserting ``2009''; and
       (3) by striking subsection (f).

     SEC. 106. PRIOR RIGHTS AND OBLIGATIONS.

       Section 121(a) (20 U.S.C. 1011j(a)) is amended--
       (1) in paragraph (1), by striking ``1999 and for each of 
     the 4 succeeding fiscal years'' and inserting ``2009 and for 
     each succeeding fiscal year''; and
       (2) in paragraph (2), by striking ``1999 and for each of 
     the 4 succeeding fiscal years'' and inserting ``2009 and for 
     each succeeding fiscal year''.

     SEC. 107. IMPROVED INFORMATION CONCERNING THE FEDERAL STUDENT 
                   FINANCIAL AID WEBSITE.

       Section 131 (20 U.S.C. 1015) is amended by striking 
     subsection (d) and inserting the following:
       ``(d) Promotion of the Department of Education Federal 
     Student Financial Aid Website.--The Secretary--
       ``(1) shall display a link to the Federal student financial 
     aid website of the Department of Education in a prominent 
     place on the homepage of the Department of Education website; 
     and
       ``(2) may use administrative funds available for the 
     Department's operations and expenses for the purpose of 
     advertising and promoting the availability of the Federal 
     student financial aid website.
       ``(e) Promotion of Availability of Information Concerning 
     Student Financial Aid Programs of Other Departments and 
     Agencies.--
       ``(1) Availability of information.--The Secretary shall 
     ensure that the eligibility requirements, application 
     procedures, financial terms and conditions, and other 
     relevant information for each non-departmental student 
     financial assistance program are easily accessible through 
     the Federal student financial aid website and are 
     incorporated into the search matrix on such website in a 
     manner that permits students and parents to readily identify 
     the programs that are appropriate to their needs and 
     eligibility.
       ``(2) Agency response.--Each Federal department and agency 
     shall promptly respond to surveys or other requests for the 
     information required by paragraph (1), and shall identify for 
     the Secretary any non-departmental student financial 
     assistance program operated, sponsored, or supported by such 
     Federal department or agency.
       ``(3) Definition.--For purposes of this subsection, the 
     term `non-departmental student financial assistance program' 
     means any grant, loan, scholarship, fellowship, or other form 
     of financial aid for students pursuing a postsecondary 
     education that is--
       ``(A) distributed directly to the student or to the 
     student's account at on institution of higher education; and
       ``(B) operated, sponsored, or supported by a Federal 
     department or agency other than the Department of 
     Education.''.

     SEC. 108. STATE COMMITMENT TO AFFORDABLE COLLEGE EDUCATION.

       Part C of title I (20 U.S.C. 1015) is amended by adding at 
     the end the following new section:

     ``SEC. 132. STATE COMMITMENT TO AFFORDABLE COLLEGE EDUCATION.

       ``(a) Maintenance of Effort Required.--A State shall 
     provide for public institutions of higher education in such 
     State for any academic year beginning on or after July 1, 
     2008, an amount which is--
       ``(1) equal to or greater than the average amount provided 
     by such State to such institutions of higher education during 
     the 5 most recent preceding academic years for which 
     satisfactory data are available; or
       ``(2) equal to or greater than the amount provided by such 
     State to such institutions of higher education during the 
     preceding academic year.
       ``(b) Waiver.--The Secretary shall waive the requirements 
     of subsection (a), if the Secretary determines that such a 
     waiver would be equitable due to exceptional or 
     uncontrollable circumstances, such as a natural disaster or a 
     precipitous decline in the financial resources of a State or 
     State educational agency, as appropriate.
       ``(c) Violation of Maintenance of Effort.--Notwithstanding 
     any other provision of law, the Secretary shall withhold from 
     any State that violates subsection (a) and does not receive a 
     waiver pursuant to subsection (b) any amount that would 
     otherwise be available to the State under section 415E until 
     such State has made significant efforts to correct such 
     violation.
       ``(d) Research Into Cost Containment Methods.--The 
     Secretary is authorized--
       ``(1) to identify methods of cost containment currently 
     utilized by institutions of higher education and systems of 
     such institutions, and research into other possible methods 
     of cost containment;
       ``(2) to disseminate--
       ``(A) the information obtained by such research to such 
     institutions and systems; and
       ``(B) other information concerning research that has 
     identified successful methods of cost containment;
       ``(3) to publicly recognize institutions of higher 
     education that are doing an effective job at cost 
     containment; and
       ``(4) to work together with such institutions and systems 
     to implement these methods.''.

     SEC. 109. TRANSPARENCY IN COLLEGE TUITION FOR CONSUMERS.

       Part C of title I (20 U.S.C. 1015) is further amended by 
     adding after section 132 (as added by section 108 of this 
     Act) the following new section:

     ``SEC. 133. TRANSPARENCY IN COLLEGE TUITION FOR CONSUMERS.

       ``(a) Net Price.--In this section, the term `net price' 
     means the average yearly tuition and fees paid by a full-time 
     undergraduate student at an institution of higher education, 
     after discounts and grants from the institution, the Federal 
     Government, or a State have been applied to the full price of 
     tuition and fees at the institution.
       ``(b) Higher Education Price Index.--
       ``(1) In general.--Not later than 1 year after the date of 
     enactment of the College Opportunity and Affordability Act of 
     2007, the Bureau of Labor Statistics, in consultation with 
     the Commissioner of Education Statistics and representatives 
     of institutions of higher education, shall develop higher 
     education price indices that accurately reflect the annual 
     change in tuition and fees for undergraduate students in the 
     categories of institutions listed in paragraph (2). Such 
     indices shall be updated annually. Prior to the completion of 
     the higher education price index, the Secretary is authorized 
     to use an alternative, comparable index.
       ``(2) Development.--The higher education price indices 
     under paragraph (1) shall be developed for each of the 
     following categories:
       ``(A) 4-year public institutions of higher education.
       ``(B) 4-year private, nonprofit institutions of higher 
     education.
       ``(C) 4-year private, for-profit institutions of higher 
     education.
       ``(D) 2-year public institutions of higher education.
       ``(E) 2-year private, nonprofit institutions of higher 
     education.
       ``(F) 2-year private, for-profit institutions of higher 
     education.
       ``(G) Less than 2-year public institutions of higher 
     education.
       ``(H) Less than 2-year private, nonprofit institutions of 
     higher education.

[[Page H664]]

       ``(I) Less than 2-year private, for-profit institutions of 
     higher education.
       ``(J) All types of institutions described in subparagraphs 
     (A) through (I).
       ``(c) Reporting.--
       ``(1) In general.--The Secretary shall make publicly 
     available on an annual basis, in a sortable electronic format 
     on the College Navigator website, a national list ranking 
     institutions of higher education according to the percentage 
     change and dollar change in such institutions' tuition and 
     fees over the preceding 3 years. Such list shall be capable 
     of being sorted by State, by category as determined under 
     paragraph (2), by percentage change, and by dollar change. 
     The purpose of such list is to provide consumers with general 
     information on pricing trends among institutions of higher 
     education nationally and in each State.
       ``(2) Categories.--The categories to be used for the list 
     described in paragraph (1) are the categories listed in 
     subparagraphs (A) through (I) of subsection (b)(2).
       ``(3) Higher education price increase watch lists.--
     Effective July 1, 2008, the Secretary shall annually update 
     and make publicly available on the College Navigator website, 
     the national list developed under paragraph (1), and the list 
     for each State, ranking each institution of higher education 
     whose tuition and fees outpace such institution's applicable 
     higher education price index described in subsection (b). 
     Such lists shall--
       ``(A) be known as the Higher Education Price Increase Watch 
     Lists;
       ``(B) report the full price of tuition and fees at the 
     institution and the net price;
       ``(C) include data cells for common expenditures for 
     institutions to utilize;
       ``(D) where applicable, report the average price of room 
     and board for students living on campus at the institution, 
     except that such price shall not be used in determining 
     whether an institution's cost outpaces such institution's 
     applicable higher education price index; and
       ``(E) be compiled by the Secretary in a public document to 
     be widely published and disseminated.
       ``(4) Quality efficiency task forces.--
       ``(A) Required.--Each institution subject to paragraph (3) 
     shall establish a quality-efficiency task force to review the 
     operations of such institution.
       ``(B) Functions.--Such task force shall analyze 
     institutional operating costs in comparison with such costs 
     at other institutions within the same category of 
     institutions. Such analysis shall identify areas where, in 
     comparison with other institutions in such class, the 
     institution operates more expensively to produce a similar 
     result. Any identified areas shall then be targeted for in-
     depth analysis for cost reduction opportunities.
       ``(C) Report.--The results of the analysis by a quality-
     efficiency task force under this paragraph shall be made 
     available to the public on the College Navigator website.
       ``(5) Exemptions.--Notwithstanding paragraph (3), an 
     institution shall not be placed on the higher education watch 
     list if, for any 3-year interval for the computed price under 
     paragraph (1)--
       ``(A) with respect to the category of institutions 
     described in paragraph (2) to which the institution belongs, 
     the computed price of the institution is in the lowest 
     quartile of institutions within such class, as determined by 
     the Secretary, during the last year of such 3-year interval; 
     or
       ``(B) the institution has a percentage change in its full 
     price computed under paragraph (3) that exceeds the higher 
     education price index, or exceeds the applicable higher 
     education price index over the same time period, but the 
     dollar amount of the full price increase is less than $500, 
     or the full price increase is an average of the higher 
     education price index plus $500 per year.
       ``(6) State higher education appropriations chart.--The 
     Secretary shall annually report on the Department's website, 
     in charts for each State--
       ``(A) a comparison of the percentage change in State 
     appropriations per enrolled student in a public institution 
     of higher education in the State to the percentage change in 
     tuition and fees for each public institution of higher 
     education in the State for each of the previous 5 years; and
       ``(B) the total amount of need-based and merit-based aid 
     provided by the State to students enrolled in an institution 
     of higher education in the State.
       ``(d) Net Price Calculator.--
       ``(1) Development.--Not later than 1 year after the date of 
     enactment of the College Opportunity and Affordability Act of 
     2007, the Secretary shall, in consultation with institutions 
     of higher education, develop and make several model net price 
     calculators to help students, families, and consumers 
     determine the net price of an institution of higher 
     education, which institutions of higher education may, at 
     their discretion, elect to use pursuant to paragraph (3).
       ``(2) Categories.--The model net price calculators 
     described in paragraph (1) shall be developed for each of the 
     categories listed in subparagraphs (A) through (I) of 
     subsection (b)(2).
       ``(3) Use of net price calculator by institutions.--Not 
     later than 3 years after the date of enactment of the College 
     Opportunity and Affordability Act of 2007, each institution 
     of higher education that receives Federal funds under this 
     Act shall adopt and use a net price calculator to help 
     students, families, and other consumers determine the net 
     price of such institution of higher education. Such 
     calculator may be--
       ``(A) based on a model calculator developed by the 
     Department; or
       ``(B) developed by the institution of higher education.
       ``(e) Net Price Reporting in Application Information.--An 
     institution of higher education that receives Federal funds 
     under this Act shall include, in the materials accompanying 
     an application for admission to the institution, the most 
     recent information regarding the net price of the 
     institution, calculated for each quartile of students based 
     on the income of either the students' parents or, in the case 
     of independent students (as such term is described in section 
     480), of the students, for each of the 2 academic years 
     preceding the academic year for which the application is 
     produced.
       ``(f) Enhanced College Navigator.--
       ``(1) University and college accountability network.--Not 
     later than 1 year after the date of enactment of the College 
     Opportunity and Affordability Act of 2007, the Secretary 
     shall develop a model format for annually publicly displaying 
     basic information about an institution of higher education 
     that chooses to participate, to be posted on the College 
     Navigator and made available to institutions of higher 
     education, students, families, and other consumers. Such 
     document shall be known as the University and College 
     Accountability Network (U-CAN), and shall include, the 
     following information about the institution of higher 
     education for the most recent academic year for which the 
     institution has available data, presented in a consumer-
     friendly manner:
       ``(A) A statement of the institution's mission and 
     specialties.
       ``(B) The total number of undergraduate students who 
     applied, were admitted, and enrolled at the institution.
       ``(C) Where applicable, reading, writing, mathematics, and 
     combined scores on the SAT or ACT for the middle 50 percent 
     range of the institution's freshman class.
       ``(D) Enrollment of full-time, part-time, and transfer 
     students at the institution, at the undergraduate and (where 
     applicable) graduate levels.
       ``(E) Percentage of male and female undergraduate students 
     enrolled at the institution.
       ``(F) Percentage of enrolled undergraduate students from 
     the State in which the institution is located, from other 
     States, and from other countries.
       ``(G) Percentage of enrolled undergraduate students at the 
     institution by race and ethnic background.
       ``(H) Retention rates for full-time and part-time first-
     time, first-year undergraduate students enrolled at the 
     institution.
       ``(I) Average time to degree or certificate completion for 
     first-time, first-year undergraduate students enrolled at the 
     institution.
       ``(J) Percentage of enrolled undergraduate students who 
     graduate within 2 years (in the case of 2-year institutions), 
     and 4, 5, and 6 years (in the case of 2-year and 4-year 
     institutions).
       ``(K) Number of students who obtained a certificate or an 
     associate's, bachelor's, master's, or doctoral degree at the 
     institution.
       ``(L) Undergraduate major areas of study with the highest 
     number of degrees awarded.
       ``(M) The student-faculty ratio, and number of full-time, 
     part-time, and adjunct faculty, and graduate teaching and 
     research assistants with instructional responsibilities, at 
     the institution.
       ``(N) Percentage of faculty at the institution with the 
     highest degree in their field.
       ``(O) Percentage change in total price in tuition and fees 
     and the net price for an undergraduate at the institution in 
     each of the preceding 3 academic years.
       ``(P) Total average yearly cost of tuition and fees, room 
     and board, and books and other related costs for an 
     undergraduate student enrolled at the institution, for--
       ``(i) full-time undergraduate students living on campus;
       ``(ii) full-time undergraduate students living off campus; 
     and
       ``(iii) in the case of students attending a public 
     institution of higher education, such costs for in-State and 
     out-of-State students living on and off campus.
       ``(Q) Average yearly grant amount (including Federal, 
     State, and institutional aid) for a student enrolled at the 
     institution.
       ``(R) Average yearly amount of Federal student loans, and 
     other loans provided through the institution, to 
     undergraduate students enrolled at the institution.
       ``(S) Total yearly grant aid available to undergraduate 
     students enrolled at the institution, from the Federal 
     Government, a State, the institution, and other sources.
       ``(T) Percentage of undergraduate students enrolled at the 
     institution receiving Federal, State, and institutional 
     grants, student loans, and any other type of student 
     financial assistance provided publicly or through the 
     institution, such as Federal work-study funds.
       ``(U) Number of students receiving Federal Pell Grants at 
     the institution.
       ``(V) Average net price for all undergraduate students 
     enrolled at the institution.
       ``(W) Percentage of first-year undergraduate students 
     enrolled at the institution who live on campus and off 
     campus.
       ``(X) Information on the policies of the institution 
     related to transfer of credit from other institutions.
       ``(Y) Information on campus safety required to be collected 
     under section 485(f).
       ``(Z) Links to the appropriate sections of the 
     institution's website that provide information on student 
     activities offered by the institution, such as 
     intercollegiate sports, student organizations, study abroad 
     opportunities, intramural and club sports, specialized 
     housing options, community service opportunities, cultural 
     and arts opportunities on campus, religious and spiritual 
     life on campus, and lectures and outside learning 
     opportunities.
       ``(AA) Links to the appropriate sections of the 
     institution's website that provide information on services 
     offered by the institution to students

[[Page H665]]

     during and after college, such as internship opportunities, 
     career and placement services, and preparation for further 
     education.
       ``(2) Consultation.--The Secretary shall ensure that 
     current and prospective college students, family members of 
     such students, and institutions of higher education are 
     consulted in carrying out paragraph (1).
       ``(g) Student Aid Recipient Survey.--
       ``(1) Survey required.--The Secretary shall conduct a 
     survey of student aid recipients under title IV on a regular 
     cycle and State-by-State basis, but not less than once every 
     4 years--
       ``(A) to identify the population of students receiving 
     Federal student aid;
       ``(B) to describe the income distribution and other 
     socioeconomic characteristics of federally aided students;
       ``(C) to describe the combinations of aid from State, 
     Federal, and private sources received by students from all 
     income groups;
       ``(D) to describe the debt burden of educational loan 
     recipients and their capacity to repay their education debts, 
     and the impact of such debt burden on career choices;
       ``(E) to describe the role played by the price of 
     postsecondary education in the determination by students of 
     what institution to attend; and
       ``(F) to describe how the increased costs of textbooks and 
     other instructional materials affects the costs of 
     postsecondary education to students.
       ``(2) Survey design.--The survey shall be representative of 
     full-time and part-time, undergraduate, graduate, 
     professional, and current and former students in all types of 
     institutions, and designed and administered in consultation 
     with the Congress and the postsecondary education community.
       ``(3) Dissemination.--The Commissioner of Education 
     Statistics shall disseminate the information resulting from 
     the survey in both printed and electronic form.
       ``(h) Regulations.--The Secretary is authorized to issue 
     such regulations as may be necessary to carry out the 
     provisions of this section.''.

     SEC. 110. TEXTBOOK INFORMATION.

       Part C of title I (20 U.S.C. 1015) is further amended by 
     adding after section 133 (as added by section 109 of this 
     Act) the following new section:

     ``SEC. 134. TEXTBOOK INFORMATION.

       ``(a) Purpose and Intent.--The purpose of this section is 
     to ensure that every student in higher education is offered 
     better and more timely access to affordable course materials 
     by educating and informing faculty, students, administrators, 
     institutions of higher education, bookstores, distributors, 
     and publishers on all aspects of the selection, purchase, 
     sale, and use of course materials. It is the intent of this 
     section--
       ``(1) to have all involved parties work together to 
     identify ways to decrease the cost of college textbooks and 
     supplemental materials for students while protecting the 
     academic freedom of faculty members to select high quality 
     course materials for students; and
       ``(2) to encourage--
       ``(A) college textbook publishers and distributors to work 
     with faculty to promote understanding of the cost to students 
     of purchasing faculty selected textbooks, including the 
     disclosure of prices and bundling practices;
       ``(B) college bookstores to work with faculty to review 
     timelines and processes for ordering and stocking course 
     materials, and to disclose costs to faculty and students in a 
     timely manner;
       ``(C) institutions of higher education to implement 
     numerous options to address college textbook affordability;
       ``(D) institutions of higher education to work with student 
     organizations to help students understand the factors driving 
     textbook costs and available methods and resources to 
     mitigate the effects of those costs; and
       ``(E) innovation in the development and use of course 
     materials (including course materials utilizing the 
     principles of universal design) and technologies that can 
     help students receive the full value of their educational 
     investment.
       ``(b) Definitions.--In this section:
       ``(1) Bundle.--The term `bundle' means one or more college 
     textbooks or other supplemental learning materials that may 
     be packaged together to be sold as course materials for one 
     price.
       ``(2) College textbook.--The term `college textbook' means 
     a textbook or a set of textbooks, used for, or in conjunction 
     with, a course in postsecondary education at an institution 
     of higher education.
       ``(3) Course schedule.--The term `course schedule' means a 
     listing of the courses or classes offered by an institution 
     of higher education for an academic period, as defined by the 
     institution.
       ``(4) Custom textbook.--The term `custom textbook'--
       ``(A) means a college textbook that is compiled at the 
     direction of a faculty member or other person or adopting 
     entity in charge of selecting course materials at an 
     institution of higher education; and
       ``(B) may include, alone or in combination, items such as 
     selections from original instructor materials, previously 
     copyrighted publisher materials, copyrighted third-party 
     works, and elements unique to a specific institution, such as 
     commemorative editions.
       ``(5) Institution of higher education.--The term 
     `institution of higher education' has the meaning given the 
     term in section 102.
       ``(6) Integrated textbook.--The term `integrated textbook' 
     means a college textbook that is combined with materials 
     developed by a third party and that, by third-party 
     contractual agreement, may not be offered by publishers 
     separately from the college textbook with which the materials 
     are combined.
       ``(7) Publisher.--The term `publisher' means a publisher of 
     college textbooks or supplemental materials involved in or 
     affecting interstate commerce.
       ``(8) Substantial content.--The term `substantial content' 
     means parts of a college textbook, such as new chapters, 
     additional eras of time, new themes, or new subject matter.
       ``(9) Supplemental material.--The term `supplemental 
     material' means educational material developed to accompany a 
     college textbook, which--
       ``(A) may include printed materials, computer disks, 
     website access, and electronically distributed materials; and
       ``(B) is not bound by third-party contractual agreements to 
     be sold in an integrated textbook.
       ``(c) Publisher Requirements.--
       ``(1) College textbook pricing information.--When a 
     publisher provides a faculty member or other person or 
     adopting entity in charge of selecting course materials at an 
     institution of higher education with information regarding a 
     college textbook or supplemental material, the publisher 
     shall include, with any such information and in writing, the 
     following:
       ``(A) The price at which the publisher would make the 
     college textbook or supplemental material available to the 
     bookstore on the campus of, or otherwise associated with, 
     such institution of higher education.
       ``(B) The copyright dates of all previous editions of such 
     college textbook, if any.
       ``(C) The substantial content revisions made between the 
     current edition of the college textbook or supplemental 
     material and the previous edition, if any.
       ``(D) Whether the college textbook or supplemental material 
     is available in any other format, including paperback and 
     unbound, and the price at which the publisher would make the 
     college textbook or supplemental material in the other format 
     available to the bookstore on the campus of, or otherwise 
     associated with, such institution of higher education.
       ``(2) Unbundling of college textbooks from supplemental 
     materials.--A publisher that sells a college textbook and any 
     supplemental material accompanying such college textbook as a 
     single bundle shall also make available the college textbook 
     and each supplemental material as separate and unbundled 
     items, each separately priced.
       ``(3) Custom textbooks.--To the maximum extent practicable, 
     publishers shall provide the information required under this 
     subsection with respect to the development and provision of 
     custom textbooks.
       ``(d) Provision of ISBN College Textbook Information in 
     Course Schedules.--
       ``(1) Internet course schedules.--Each institution of 
     higher education, to the maximum extent practicable, shall--
       ``(A) disclose the International Standard Book Number and 
     retail price information of required and recommended 
     textbooks, related materials, and supplies for each course 
     listed in the institution's course schedule used for pre-
     registration and registration purposes;
       ``(B) if the International Standard Book Number is not 
     available for the items listed in subparagraph (A), use the 
     author, title, publisher, and copyright date; and
       ``(C) if the institution determines that the disclosure of 
     the information described in the preceding subparagraphs for 
     a course is not practicable for a textbook, related material, 
     or supply, then it should so indicate by placing the 
     designation `To Be Determined' in lieu of the information 
     required under such subparagraphs.
       ``(2) Written course schedules.--In the case of an 
     institution of higher education that does not publish the 
     institution's course schedule for the subsequent academic 
     period on the Internet, the institution of higher education 
     shall include the information required under paragraph (1) in 
     any printed version of the institution's course schedule as 
     it is available at the time of the course schedule's 
     printing.
       ``(e) Availability of Information for College Bookstores.--
     An institution of higher education shall make available, as 
     soon as is practicable, upon the request of any college 
     bookstore, the most accurate information available 
     regarding--
       ``(1) the institution's course schedule for the subsequent 
     academic period; and
       ``(2) for each course or class offered by the institution 
     for the subsequent academic period--
       ``(A) the information required by subsection (d)(1) for 
     each college textbook or supplemental material required or 
     recommended for such course or class;
       ``(B) the number of students enrolled in such course or 
     class; and
       ``(C) the maximum student enrollment for such course or 
     class.
       ``(f) Rule of Construction.--Nothing in this section shall 
     be construed to supercede the institutional autonomy or 
     academic freedom of instructors involved in the selection of 
     college textbooks and classroom materials.
       ``(g) Effective Date.--This section shall be effective on 
     and after July 1, 2008.''.

     SEC. 111. DATABASE OF STUDENT INFORMATION PROHIBITED.

       Part C of title I (20 U.S.C. 1015) is further amended by 
     adding after section 134 (as added by section 110 of this 
     Act) the following new section:

     ``SEC. 135. DATABASE OF STUDENT INFORMATION PROHIBITED.

       ``(a) Prohibition.--Except as described in subsection (b), 
     nothing in this Act shall be construed to authorize the 
     Secretary to develop, implement, or maintain a Federal 
     database of personally identifiable information on 
     individuals receiving assistance under this Act, attending 
     institutions receiving assistance under this Act, or 
     otherwise involved in any studies or other collections of 
     data under this Act, including a student unit record system, 
     an education bar

[[Page H666]]

     code system, or any other system that tracks individual 
     students over time.
       ``(b) Exception.--The provisions of subsection (a) shall 
     not apply to a system (or a successor system) that is 
     necessary for the operation of programs authorized by title 
     II, IV, or VII, or data required to be collected by the 
     Secretary under this Act (including section 133(g)), that 
     were in use by the Secretary, directly or through a 
     contractor, as of the day before the date of enactment of the 
     College Opportunity and Affordability Act of 2007.
       ``(c) State Databases.--Nothing in this Act shall prohibit 
     a State or a consortium of States from developing, 
     implementing, or maintaining State-developed databases that 
     track individuals over time, including student unit record 
     systems that contain information related to enrollment, 
     attendance, graduation and retention rates, student financial 
     assistance, and graduate employment outcomes.''.

     SEC. 112. INSTITUTION AND LENDER REPORTING AND DISCLOSURE 
                   REQUIREMENTS.

       Title I (20 U.S.C. 1001 et seq.) is amended by adding at 
     the end the following:

 ``PART E--LENDER AND INSTITUTION REQUIREMENTS RELATING TO EDUCATIONAL 
                                 LOANS

     ``SEC. 151. DEFINITIONS.

       ``In this part:
       ``(1) Covered institution.--The term `covered 
     institution'--
       ``(A) means any educational institution that--
       ``(i) offers a postsecondary educational degree, 
     certificate, or program of study (including any institution 
     of higher education, as such term is defined in section 102); 
     and
       ``(ii) receives any Federal funding or assistance; and
       ``(B) includes an authorized agent of the educational 
     institution (including an alumni association, booster club, 
     or other organization directly or indirectly authorized by 
     such institution) or an employee of such institution.
       ``(2) Educational loan.--The term `educational loan' 
     (except when used as part of the term `private educational 
     loan') means--
       ``(A) any loan made, insured, or guaranteed under title IV; 
     or
       ``(B) a private educational loan (as defined in paragraph 
     (6)).
       ``(3) Preferred lender arrangement.--The term `preferred 
     lender arrangement'--
       ``(A) means an arrangement or agreement between a lender 
     and a covered institution--
       ``(i) under which arrangement or agreement a lender 
     provides or otherwise issues educational loans to the 
     students attending the covered institution or the parents of 
     such students; and
       ``(ii) which arrangement or agreement relates to the 
     covered institution recommending, promoting, or endorsing the 
     educational loan product of the lender; and
       ``(B) does not include--
       ``(i) arrangements or agreements with respect to loans 
     under parts D or E of title IV; or
       ``(ii) arrangements or agreements with respect to loans 
     under section 499(b).
       ``(4) Lender.--
       ``(A) In general.--The term `lender'--
       ``(i) means a creditor, except that such term shall not 
     include an issuer of credit secured by a dwelling or under an 
     open end credit plan; and
       ``(ii) includes an agent of a lender.
       ``(B) Incorporation of tila definitions.--The terms 
     `creditor', `dwelling', and `open end credit plan' have the 
     meanings given such terms in section 103 of the Truth in 
     Lending Act (15 U.S.C. 1602).
       ``(5) Officer.--The term `officer' includes a director or 
     trustee of a covered institution, if such individual is 
     treated as an employee of the covered institution.
       ``(6) Private educational loan.--The term `private 
     educational loan' means a private loan provided by a lender 
     that--
       ``(A) is not made, insured, or guaranteed under title IV; 
     and
       ``(B) is issued by a lender expressly for postsecondary 
     educational expenses to a student, or the parent of the 
     student, regardless of whether the loan involves enrollment 
     certification by the educational institution that the student 
     attends.
       ``(7) Postsecondary educational expenses.--The term 
     `postsecondary educational expenses' means any of the 
     expenses that are included as part of a student's cost of 
     attendance, as defined under section 472.

     ``SEC. 152. REQUIREMENTS FOR LENDERS AND INSTITUTIONS 
                   PARTICIPATING IN PREFERRED LENDER ARRANGEMENTS.

       ``(a) Certification by Lenders.--In addition to any other 
     disclosure required under Federal law, each lender under part 
     B of title IV that participates in one or more preferred 
     lender arrangements shall annually certify its compliance 
     with the requirements of this Act. Such compliance of such 
     preferred lender arrangement shall be reported on and 
     attested to annually by the auditor of such lender in the 
     audit conducted pursuant to section 428(b)(1)(U)(iii).
       ``(b) Use of Institution Name.--
       ``(1) In general.--A covered institution that has entered 
     into a preferred lender arrangement with a lender regarding 
     private educational loans shall not agree to the lender's use 
     of the name, emblem, mascot, or logo of the institution, or 
     other words, pictures, or symbols readily identified with the 
     institution, in the marketing of private educational loans to 
     the students attending the institution in any way that 
     implies that the institution endorses the private educational 
     loans offered by the lender.
       ``(2) Applicability.--Paragraph (1) shall apply to any 
     preferred lender arrangement, or extension of such 
     arrangement, entered into or renewed after the date of 
     enactment of the College Opportunity and Affordability Act of 
     2007.

     ``SEC. 153. INTEREST RATE REPORT FOR INSTITUTIONS AND LENDERS 
                   PARTICIPATING IN PREFERRED LENDER ARRANGEMENTS.

       ``(a) Duties of the Secretary.--
       ``(1) Report and model format.--Not later than 180 days 
     after the date of enactment of the College Opportunity and 
     Affordability Act of 2007, the Secretary shall--
       ``(A) prepare a report on the adequacy of the information 
     provided to students and the parents of such students about 
     educational loans, after consulting with students, 
     representatives of covered institutions (including financial 
     aid administrators, registrars, and business officers), 
     lenders, loan servicers, and guaranty agencies;
       ``(B) develop and prescribe by regulation a model 
     disclosure form to be used by lenders and covered 
     institutions in carrying out subsections (b) and (c) that--
       ``(i) will be easy for students and parents to read and 
     understand;
       ``(ii) will be easily usable by lenders, institutions, 
     guaranty agencies, and loan servicers;
       ``(iii) will provide students and parents with the 
     relevant, meaningful, and standard information about the 
     terms and conditions for both Federal and private educational 
     loans;
       ``(iv) is based on the report's findings and developed in 
     consultation with--

       ``(I) students;
       ``(II) representatives of covered institutions, including 
     financial aid administrators, registrars, business officers, 
     and student affairs officials;
       ``(III) lenders;
       ``(IV) loan servicers;
       ``(V) guaranty agencies; and
       ``(VI) with respect to the requirements of clause (vi) 
     concerning private educational loans, the Board of Governors 
     of the Federal Reserve System;

       ``(v) provides information on the applicable interest rates 
     and other terms and conditions of the educational loans 
     provided by a lender to students attending the institution, 
     or the parents of such students, disaggregated by each type 
     of educational loan (including opportunity pools as defined 
     in section 155(f)) provided to such students or parents by 
     the lender, including--

       ``(I) the rate of interest, or the potential range of rates 
     of interest, applicable to the loan, and whether such rates 
     are fixed or variable;
       ``(II) limitations, if any, on interest rate adjustments, 
     both in terms of frequency and amount, or lack thereof;
       ``(III) co-borrower requirements, including changes in 
     interest rates;
       ``(IV) any fees associated with the loan;
       ``(V) the repayment terms available on the loan;
       ``(VI) the opportunity for deferment or forbearance in 
     repayment of the loan, including whether the loan payments 
     can be deferred if the student is in school;
       ``(VII) any additional terms and conditions applied to the 
     loan, including any benefits that are contingent on the 
     repayment behavior of the borrower;
       ``(VIII) the annual percentage rate for such loans, 
     determined in the manner required under section 107 of the 
     Truth in Lending Act (15 U.S.C. 1606);
       ``(IX) an example of the total cost of the educational loan 
     over the life of the loan which shall be calculated--

       ``(aa) using a principal amount and the maximum rate of 
     interest actually offered by the lender; and
       ``(bb) both with and without capitalization of interest, if 
     that is an option for postponing interest payments;

       ``(X) the consequences for the borrower of defaulting on a 
     loan, including any limitations on the discharge of an 
     educational loan in bankruptcy;
       ``(XI) contact information for the lender; and
       ``(XII) any philanthropic contributions made by the lender 
     to the covered institution, including the purpose of the 
     contribution and any conditions related to its use; and

       ``(vi) provides, in addition, with respect to private 
     educational loans, the following information with respect to 
     loans made by each lender recommended by the covered 
     institution:

       ``(I) the method of determining the interest rate of the 
     loan;
       ``(II) potential finance charges, late fees, penalties, and 
     adjustments to principal, based on defaults or late payments 
     of the borrower; and
       ``(III) such other information as the Secretary may 
     require; and

       ``(C)(i) submit the report and model disclosure form to the 
     authorizing committees; and
       ``(ii) make the report and model disclosure form available 
     to covered institutions, lenders, and the public.
       ``(2) Model form update.--Not later than 1 year after the 
     submission of the report and model disclosure form described 
     in paragraph (1)(B), the Secretary shall--
       ``(A) assess the adequacy of the model disclosure form;
       ``(B) after consulting with students, representatives of 
     covered institutions (including financial aid administrators, 
     registrars, business officers, and student affairs 
     officials), lenders, loan servicers, guaranty agencies, and 
     the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System--
       ``(i) prepare a list of any improvements to the model 
     disclosure form that have been identified as beneficial to 
     borrowers; and
       ``(ii) update the model disclosure form after taking such 
     improvements into consideration; and
       ``(C)(i) submit the list of improvements and updated model 
     disclosure form to the authorizing committees; and
       ``(ii) make the updated model disclosure form available to 
     covered institutions, lenders, and the public.
       ``(3) Use of form.--The Secretary shall take such steps as 
     necessary to make the model disclosure form, and the updated 
     model disclosure

[[Page H667]]

     form, available to covered institutions and to encourage--
       ``(A) lenders subject to subsection (b) to use the model 
     disclosure form or updated model disclosure form (if 
     available) in providing the information required under 
     subsection (b); and
       ``(B) covered institutions to use such format in preparing 
     the information reported under subsection (c).
       ``(4) Procedures.--Sections 482(c) and 492 of this Act 
     shall not apply to the model disclosure form prescribed under 
     paragraph (1)(B), but shall apply to the updating of such 
     form under paragraph (2).
       ``(b) Lender Duties.--Each lender that has a preferred 
     lender arrangement with a covered institution shall, by 
     August 1 of each year, provide to the covered institution and 
     to the Secretary the information included on the model 
     disclosure form or an updated model disclosure form (if 
     available) for each type of educational loan (including 
     opportunity pools as defined in section 155(f)) to be offered 
     by the lender to students attending the covered institution, 
     or the parents of such students, for the forthcoming academic 
     year.
       ``(c) Covered Institution Reports.--Each covered 
     institution shall--
       ``(1) prepare and submit to the Secretary an annual report, 
     by a date determined by the Secretary, that includes, for 
     each lender that has a preferred lender arrangement with the 
     covered institution and that has submitted to the institution 
     the information required under subsection (b)--
       ``(A) the information included on the model disclosure form 
     or updated model disclosure form (if available) for each type 
     of educational loan provided by the lender to students 
     attending the covered institution, or the parents of such 
     students; and
       ``(B) a detailed explanation of why the covered institution 
     believes the terms and conditions of each type of educational 
     loan provided pursuant to the agreement are beneficial for 
     students attending the covered institution, or the parents of 
     such students; and
       ``(2) ensure that the report required under paragraph (1) 
     is made available to the public and provided to students 
     attending or planning to attend the covered institution, and 
     the parents of such students, in time for the student or 
     parent to take such information into account before applying 
     for or selecting an educational loan.
       ``(d) Disclosures by Covered Institutions.--A covered 
     institution shall disclose, on its website and in the 
     informational materials described in subsection (e)--
       ``(1) a statement that--
       ``(A) indicates that students are not limited to or 
     required to use the lenders the institution recommends; and
       ``(B) the institution is required to process the documents 
     required to obtain a Federal educational loan from any 
     eligible lender the student selects;
       ``(2) at a minimum, all of the information provided by the 
     model disclosure form prescribed under subsection (a)(1)(B), 
     or updated model disclosure form (if available), with respect 
     to any lender recommended by the institution for Federal 
     educational loans and, as applicable, private educational 
     loans (including opportunity pools as defined in section 
     155(f));
       ``(3) the maximum amount of Federal grant and loan aid 
     available to students in an easy-to-understand format; and
       ``(4) the institution's cost of attendance (as determined 
     under section 472).
       ``(e) Informational Materials.--The informational materials 
     described in this subsection are publications, mailings, or 
     electronic messages or media distributed to prospective or 
     current students and parents of students that describe or 
     discuss the financial aid opportunities available to students 
     at an institution of higher education.

     ``SEC. 154. PRIVATE EDUCATIONAL LOAN DISCLOSURE REQUIREMENTS 
                   FOR COVERED INSTITUTIONS.

       ``A covered institution that provides information to any 
     student, or the parent of such student, regarding a private 
     educational loan from a lender shall, prior to or concurrent 
     with such information--
       ``(1) inform the student or parent of--
       ``(A) the student or parent's eligibility for assistance 
     and loans under title IV; and
       ``(B) the terms and conditions of such private educational 
     loan that may be less favorable than the terms and conditions 
     of educational loans for which the student or parent is 
     eligible, including interest rates, repayment options, and 
     loan forgiveness; and
       ``(2) ensure that information regarding such private 
     educational loan is presented in such a manner as to be 
     distinct from information regarding loans that are made, 
     insured, or guaranteed under title IV.

     ``SEC. 155. INTEGRITY PROVISIONS.

       ``(a) Institution Code of Conduct Required.--
       ``(1) Code of conduct.--Each institution of higher 
     education that participates in the Federal student loan 
     programs under title IV or has students that obtain private 
     educational loans shall--
       ``(A) develop a code of conduct in accordance with 
     paragraph (2) with which its officers, employees, and agents 
     shall comply with respect to educational loans;
       ``(B) publish the code of conduct prominently on its 
     website; and
       ``(C) administer and enforce such code in accordance with 
     the requirements of this subsection.
       ``(2) Contents of code.--The code required by this section 
     shall--
       ``(A) prohibit a conflict of interest with the 
     responsibilities of such officer, employee, or agent with 
     respect to educational loans; and
       ``(B) at a minimum, include provisions in compliance with 
     the provisions of the following subsections of this section.
       ``(3) Training and compliance.--An institution of higher 
     education shall administer and enforce a code of conduct 
     required by this section by, at a minimum, requiring all of 
     its officers, employees, and agents with responsibilities 
     with respect to educational loans to obtain training annually 
     in compliance with the code.
       ``(b) Gift Ban.--
       ``(1) Prohibition.--No officer, employee, or agent of a 
     covered institution who is employed in the financial aid 
     office of the institution, or who otherwise has 
     responsibilities with respect to educational loans, shall 
     solicit or accept any gift from a lender, guarantor, or 
     servicer of educational loans.
       ``(2) Inspector general report.--The Inspector General of 
     the Department of Education shall investigate any reported 
     violation of this subsection and shall annually submit a 
     report to the authorizing committees identifying all 
     substantiated violations of the gift ban under paragraph (1), 
     including the lenders and covered institutions involved in 
     each such violation, for the preceding year.
       ``(3) Definition of gift.--
       ``(A) In general.--In this subsection, the term `gift' 
     means any gratuity, favor, discount, entertainment, 
     hospitality, loan, or other item having a monetary value of 
     more than a de minimus amount. The term includes a gift of 
     services, transportation, lodging, or meals, whether provided 
     in kind, by purchase of a ticket, payment in advance, or 
     reimbursement after the expense has been incurred.
       ``(B) Exceptions.--The term `gift' shall not include any of 
     the following:
       ``(i) Standard informational material related to a loan or 
     financial literacy, such as a brochure.
       ``(ii) Food, refreshments, training, or informational 
     material furnished to an officer, employee, or agent of an 
     institution as an integral part of a training session that is 
     designed to improve the service of a lender, guarantor, or 
     servicer of educational loans to the covered institution, if 
     such training contributes to the professional development of 
     the officer, employee, or agent of the institution.
       ``(iii) Favorable terms, conditions, and borrower benefits 
     on an educational loan provided to a student employed by the 
     covered institution if such terms, conditions, or benefits 
     are comparable to those provided to all students of the 
     institution.
       ``(iv) Exit counseling services provided to borrowers to 
     meet a covered institution's responsibilities for exit 
     counseling as required by section 485(b) provided that--

       ``(I) a covered institution's staff are in control of the 
     counseling (whether in person or via electronic 
     capabilities); and
       ``(II) such counseling does not promote the products or 
     services of any lender.

       ``(v) Philanthropic contributions to a covered institution 
     from a lender, guarantor, or servicer of educational loans 
     that are unrelated to educational loans, provided, as 
     applicable, that such contributions are disclosed pursuant to 
     section 153(a)(1) and section 153(a)(2).
       ``(C) Rule for gifts to family members.--For purposes of 
     this section, a gift to a family member of an officer, 
     employee, or agent of a covered institution, or a gift to any 
     other individual based on that individual's relationship with 
     the officer, employee, or agent, shall be considered a gift 
     to the officer, employee, or agent if--
       ``(i) the gift is given with the knowledge and acquiescence 
     of the officer, employee, or agent; and
       ``(ii) the officer, employee, or agent has reason to 
     believe the gift was given because of the official position 
     of the officer, employee, or agent.
       ``(c) Contracting Arrangements Prohibited.--
       ``(1) Prohibition.--An officer, employee, or agent who is 
     employed in the financial aid office of a covered 
     institution, or who otherwise has responsibilities with 
     respect to educational loans, shall not accept from any 
     lender or affiliate of any lender (as the term affiliate is 
     defined in section 487(a)) any fee, payment, or other 
     financial benefit (including the opportunity to purchase 
     stock) as compensation for any type of consulting arrangement 
     or other contract to provide services to a lender or on 
     behalf of a lender.
       ``(2) Exceptions.--Nothing in this subsection shall be 
     construed as prohibiting--
       ``(A) an officer, employee, or agent of a covered 
     institution who is not employed in the institution's 
     financial aid office, or who does not otherwise have 
     responsibilities with respect to educational loans, from paid 
     or unpaid service on a board of directors of a lender, 
     guarantor, or servicer of educational loans;
       ``(B) an officer, employee, or agent of a covered 
     institution who is not employed in the financial aid office 
     but who has responsibility with respect to educational loans 
     as a result of a position held at the covered institution, 
     from paid or unpaid service on a board of directors of a 
     lender, guarantor, or servicer of educational loans, provided 
     that the covered institution has a written conflict of 
     interest policy that clearly sets forth that such an officer, 
     employee, or agent must be recused from participating in any 
     decision of the board with respect to any transaction 
     regarding educational loans; or
       ``(C) an officer, employee, or agent of a lender, 
     guarantor, or servicer of educational loans from serving on a 
     board of directors or serving as a trustee of a covered 
     institution, provided that the covered institution has a 
     written conflict of interest policy that clearly sets forth 
     the procedures to be followed in instances where such a board 
     member's or trustee's personal or business interests with 
     respect to educational loans may be advanced by an action of 
     the

[[Page H668]]

     board of directors or trustees, including a provision that 
     such a board member or trustee may not participate in any 
     decision to approve any transaction where such conflicting 
     interests may be advanced.
       ``(d) Ban on Revenue Sharing Arrangements.--
       ``(1) Prohibition.--A covered institution shall not enter 
     into any revenue sharing arrangement with any lender.
       ``(2) Definition.--For purposes of this subsection, a 
     revenue sharing arrangement is an arrangement between a 
     covered institution and a lender under which--
       ``(A) a lender provides or issues educational loans to 
     students attending the institution or to parents of such 
     students; and
       ``(B)(i) the institution recommends the lender or the loan 
     products of the lender; and
       ``(ii) in exchange, the lender pays a fee or provides other 
     material benefits, including revenue or profit sharing, to 
     the institution or officers, employees, or agents of the 
     institution.
       ``(e) Ban on Staffing Assistance.--
       ``(1) Prohibition.--A covered institution shall not request 
     or accept from any lender any assistance with call center 
     staffing or financial aid office staffing.
       ``(2) Certain assistance permitted.--Nothing in paragraph 
     (1) shall be construed to prohibit a covered institution from 
     requesting or accepting assistance from a lender related to--
       ``(A) professional development training for financial aid 
     administrators;
       ``(B) providing educational counseling materials, financial 
     literacy materials, or debt management materials to 
     borrowers, provided that such materials disclose to borrowers 
     the identification of any lender that assisted in preparing 
     or providing such materials; or
       ``(C) staffing services on a short-term, non-recurring 
     basis to assist the institution with financial aid-related 
     functions during emergencies, including State-declared or 
     federally declared natural disasters, federally declared 
     national disasters, and other localized disasters and 
     emergencies identified by the Secretary.
       ``(f) Prohibition on Offers of Funds for Private Loans.--
       ``(1) Prohibition.--A covered institution shall not request 
     or accept from any lender any offer of funds, including any 
     opportunity pool, to be used for private educational loans to 
     students in exchange for the covered institution providing 
     concessions or promises to the lender with respect to such 
     institution providing the lender with a specified number of 
     loans, a specified loan volume, or a preferred lender 
     arrangement for any loan made, insured, or guaranteed under 
     title IV, and a lender shall not make any such offer.
       ``(2) Definition.--In this subsection, the term 
     `opportunity pool' means an educational loan made by a 
     private lender to a student attending the covered institution 
     or the parent of such a student that is in any manner 
     guaranteed by a covered institution, or that involves a 
     payment, directly or indirectly, by such an institution of 
     points, premiums, payments, additional interest, or other 
     financial support to such lender for the purpose of such 
     lender extending credit to either the students or the parents 
     of students of the institution.
       ``(g) Ban on Participation on Advisory Councils.--An 
     officer, employee, or agent who is employed in the financial 
     aid office of a covered institution, or who otherwise has 
     responsibilities with respect to educational loans, shall not 
     serve on or otherwise participate with advisory councils of 
     lenders or affiliates of lenders. Nothing in this subsection 
     shall prohibit lenders from seeking advice from covered 
     institutions or groups of covered institutions (including 
     through telephonic or electronic means, or a meeting) in 
     order to improve products and services for borrowers, 
     provided there are no gifts or compensation (including for 
     transportation, lodging, or related expenses) provided by 
     lenders in connection with seeking this advice from such 
     institutions. Nothing in this subsection shall prohibit an 
     officer, employee, or agent of a covered institution from 
     serving on the board of directors of a lender if required by 
     State law.

     ``SEC. 156. COMPLIANCE AND ENFORCEMENT.

       ``(a) Condition of Any Federal Assistance.--Notwithstanding 
     any other provision of law, a covered institution or lender 
     shall comply with this part as a condition of receiving 
     Federal funds or assistance provided after the date of 
     enactment of the College Opportunity and Affordability Act of 
     2007.
       ``(b) Penalties.--Notwithstanding any other provision of 
     law, if the Secretary determines, after providing notice and 
     an opportunity for a hearing for a covered institution or 
     lender, that the covered institution or lender has violated 
     subsection (a)--
       ``(1) in the case of a covered institution, or a lender 
     that does not participate in a loan program under title IV, 
     the Secretary may impose a civil penalty in an amount of not 
     more than $25,000; and
       ``(2) in the case of a lender that does participate in a 
     program under title IV, the Secretary may limit, terminate, 
     or suspend the lender's participation in such program.
       ``(c) Considerations.--In taking any action against a 
     covered institution or lender under subsection (b), the 
     Secretary shall take into consideration the nature and 
     severity of the violation of subsection (a).

     ``SEC. 157. STUDENT LOAN COUNSELING.

       ``(a) Borrower Contact.--
       ``(1) FFEL loans.--Each holder of a loan under part B of 
     title IV shall contact the borrower each year after five 
     years has passed from the date that a borrower first selected 
     either a graduated, extended, income sensitive, or income 
     contingent repayment plan to ascertain if the borrower is 
     able to select a repayment plan with a shorter repayment 
     period that would reduce the total interest paid on the 
     borrower's loan or loans under this part.
       ``(2) Direct loans.--The Secretary shall contact the 
     borrower of each loan under part D or E of title IV each year 
     after five years has passed from the date that a borrower 
     first selected either an extended, graduated, income 
     contingent, or alternative repayment plan to ascertain if the 
     borrower is able to select a repayment plan for a shorter 
     repayment period that would reduce the total interest paid on 
     the borrower's loan under this part.
       ``(b) Required Disclosure Before Disbursement.--
       ``(1) Disclosures before repayment.--Each lender of a loan 
     under part B of title IV, and the Secretary with respect to 
     each loan under part D or E of such title, shall provide to 
     the borrower before repayment begins an explanation of 
     principal to be borrowed, current balance, interest already 
     paid, and interest due over the life of the loan, options by 
     which borrowers may avoid or be removed from default, 
     relevant fees associated with these options, and repayment 
     options available to the borrower entering repayment, 
     including income contingent repayment and income-based 
     repayment.
       ``(2) Disclosures during repayment.--Each lender of a loan 
     under part B of title IV, and the Secretary with respect to 
     each loan under part D or E of such title, shall provide to 
     the borrower during repayment an explanation of principal 
     borrowed, current balance, interest already paid and interest 
     due over the life of the loan, options by which borrowers may 
     avoid or be removed from default, relevant fees associated 
     with these options, and repayment options available to the 
     borrower entering repayment, including income contingent 
     repayment and income-based repayment. Each such lender and 
     the Secretary shall also notify any borrower who tells the 
     lender or the Secretary that the borrower is having 
     difficulty making payments of the repayment options 
     available, including forbearance. Each such lender and the 
     Secretary shall make an explanation of repayment options 
     available to the borrower, including income contingent 
     repayment and forbearance, before the loan is disbursed, 
     before repayment, and during repayment if the borrower 
     notifies the lender or the Secretary that the borrower is 
     having difficulty making payments.
       ``(c) Institutional Counseling.--
       ``(1) In general.--Each institution of higher education 
     shall, through financial aid officers or otherwise, make 
     available counseling to borrowers of loans which are made, 
     insured, or guaranteed under part B (other than loans made 
     pursuant to section 428B) of this title or made under part D 
     or E of this title prior to their signing the first 
     promissory note. The counseling shall include--
       ``(A) average indebtedness of borrowers at that school, to 
     be supplied by the Secretary;
       ``(B) sample monthly repayment amounts based on a range of 
     student levels of indebtedness and on the average 
     indebtedness of Stafford loan borrowers at the same school or 
     in the same program of study at the same school;
       ``(C) data to be supplied by the Secretary on starting 
     salaries for graduates of institutions by type and control of 
     institution, and field of study;
       ``(D) repayment options available to the borrower when 
     entering repayment, including income contingent repayment and 
     income-based repayment;
       ``(E) detail to be supplied by the Secretary on how 
     interest accrues and is capitalized during periods when it is 
     not being paid by either the borrower or the Secretary; and
       ``(F) the likely consequences of default, including adverse 
     credit reports, Federal offset, and litigation.
       ``(2) Use of electronic means.--If initial counseling is 
     conducted through interactive electronic means, the 
     institution of higher education shall take reasonable steps 
     to ensure that each student borrower receives the counseling 
     materials, and participates in and completes the initial 
     counseling.
       ``(d) Department of Education Information Disclosure and 
     Technical Assistance.--
       ``(1) Obligation.--The Secretary shall display on the 
     Department of Education website and provide to colleges and 
     universities the following information to be used for 
     counseling and consumer information for prospective 
     borrowers:
       ``(A) Regional data on starting salaries in all major 
     fields.
       ``(B) The increase in debt that results from forbearance on 
     all loans and from capitalization of interest on unsubsidized 
     loans.
       ``(C) The various repayment options available in the 
     Federal student loan programs, including the availability of 
     the income contingent repayment (ICR) program and the income-
     based repayment programs (IBR).
       ``(D) The Federal Government's powers to collect student 
     loans, even when student borrowers are in bankruptcy.
       ``(2) Publicity.--The Secretary shall make the location of 
     the information under paragraph (1) widely known among the 
     public, institutions, and lenders, and promote the use of 
     such information by prospective students, enrolled students, 
     and borrowers after entering repayment.''.

     SEC. 113. FEASIBILITY STUDY FOR NATIONAL ELECTRONIC STUDENT 
                   LOAN MARKETPLACE.

       (a) Study Required.--The Secretary of Education shall 
     conduct a study of the feasibility of developing a National 
     Electronic Student Loan Marketplace that would provide for 
     one or more of the following:
       (1) A registry of real-time information on Federal student 
     loans (including loans under parts B and D of title IV of the 
     Higher Education Act of 1965) and private educational loans 
     (as defined in section 151 such Act of 1965 (as amended by 
     this Act)) for both undergraduate and

[[Page H669]]

     graduate students, and parents of students, for use by 
     prospective borrowers or any person desiring information 
     regarding available interest rates, fees, and other terms 
     from lenders.
       (2) Means by which lenders that participate in such 
     marketplace would be bound to honor advertised rates or 
     benefits.
       (3) A mechanism whereby borrowers and student financial aid 
     officials could publicly post or otherwise make available for 
     users accessing the system their comments, opinions, or 
     ratings concerning their experience as to the quality of 
     lenders' loan products and loan servicing and other 
     measurements or indicators of customer satisfaction.
       (4) A mechanism whereby prospective borrowers could be 
     matched with lenders that offer highly competitive products 
     and loan servicing quality, including any procedures and 
     safeguards necessary to minimize potentially adverse effects 
     of multiple inquiries into participating borrowers' credit 
     histories recorded by credit reporting agencies.
       (5) Options concerning the establishment and ongoing 
     maintenance of such a system, including whether such a system 
     should be operated by one or more nonprofit or for-profit 
     entities, how these entities should structure or organize 
     such a system in order to provide the highest assurance of 
     independence from, and the absence of any conflicting 
     interest with, lenders participating in such a system, and 
     methods to finance such a system at no or minimal cost to 
     consumers and the Government.
       (6) Other features that the Secretary determines could help 
     prospective borrowers make informed decisions in selecting 
     lenders from whom to obtain Federal and private educational 
     loans.
       (b) Consultation.--In conducting the study required by this 
     section, the Secretary of Education shall consult with--
       (1) the Federal Trade Commission;
       (2) representatives of student loan borrowers;
       (3) representatives from institutions of higher education, 
     including financial aid administrators, registrars, business 
     officers, and student affairs officials;
       (4) Federal and private education loan lenders, loan 
     servicers, and guaranty agencies; and
       (5) any other appropriate agency that is a member of the 
     Financial Literacy and Education Commission established under 
     the Financial Literacy and Education Improvement Act (20 
     U.S.C. 9701 et seq.).
       (c) Report.--Not later than 6 months after completion of 
     the model interest rate report format required under section 
     153(a)(1) of the Higher Education Act of 1965 (as amended by 
     this Act), the Secretary of Education shall submit a report 
     to the authorizing committees (as defined in section 103 of 
     such Act) concerning the findings of the feasibility study 
     together with an assessment of the advantages and 
     disadvantages for consumers, institutions of higher 
     education, lenders, and the Government of establishing such a 
     system.

                      TITLE II--TITLE II REVISION

     SEC. 201. REVISION OF TITLE II.

       Title II (20 U.S.C. 1021 et seq.) is amended to read as 
     follows:

                ``TITLE II--TEACHER QUALITY ENHANCEMENT

     ``SEC. 200. DEFINITIONS.

       ``For purposes of this title:
       ``(1) Arts and sciences.--The term `arts and sciences' 
     means--
       ``(A) when referring to an organizational unit of an 
     institution of higher education, any academic unit that 
     offers 1 or more academic majors in disciplines or content 
     areas corresponding to the academic subject matter areas in 
     which teachers provide instruction; and
       ``(B) when referring to a specific academic subject area, 
     the disciplines or content areas in which academic majors are 
     offered by the arts and sciences organizational unit.
       ``(2) Children from low-income families.--The term 
     `children from low-income families' means children as 
     described in section 1124(c)(1)(A) of the Elementary and 
     Secondary Education Act of 1965.
       ``(3) Core academic subjects.--The term `core academic 
     subjects' has the meaning given the term in section 9101 of 
     the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965.
       ``(4) Early childhood education program.--The term `early 
     childhood education program' means--
       ``(A) a Head Start program or an Early Head Start program 
     carried out under the Head Start Act (42 U.S.C. 9831 et 
     seq.);
       ``(B) a State licensed or regulated child care program or 
     school; or
       ``(C) a State prekindergarten program that serves children 
     from birth through kindergarten and that addresses the 
     children's cognitive (including language, early literacy, and 
     pre-numeracy), social, emotional, and physical development.
       ``(5) Early childhood educator.--The term `early childhood 
     educator' means an individual with primary responsibility for 
     the education of children in an early childhood education 
     program.
       ``(6) Educational service agency.--The term `educational 
     service agency' has the meaning given the term in section 
     9101 of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965.
       ``(7) Essential components of reading instruction.--The 
     term `essential components of reading instruction' has the 
     meaning given such term in section 1208 of the Elementary and 
     Secondary Education Act of 1965.
       ``(8) Exemplary teacher.--The term `exemplary teacher' has 
     the meaning given such term in section 9101 of the Elementary 
     and Secondary Education Act of 1965.
       ``(9) High-need early childhood education program.--The 
     term `high-need early childhood education program' means an 
     early childhood education program serving children from low-
     income families that is located within the geographic area 
     served by a high-need local educational agency.
       ``(10) High-need local educational agency.--The term `high-
     need local educational agency' means a local educational 
     agency--
       ``(A)(i) for which not less than 20 percent of the children 
     served by the agency are children from low-income families;
       ``(ii) that serves not fewer than 10,000 children from low-
     income families; or
       ``(iii) with a total of less than 600 students in average 
     daily attendance at the schools that are served by the 
     agency, and all of the schools that are served by the agency 
     are designated with a school locale code of Rural: Fringe, 
     Rural: Distant, or Rural: Remote, as determined by the 
     Secretary; and
       ``(B)(i) for which there is a high percentage of teachers 
     not teaching in the academic subject areas or grade levels in 
     which the teachers were trained to teach; or
       ``(ii) for which there is a high teacher turnover rate or a 
     high percentage of teachers with emergency, provisional, or 
     temporary certification or licensure.
       ``(11) High-need school.--Notwithstanding section 103, the 
     term `high-need school' means a public elementary school or 
     public secondary school that--
       ``(A) is among the highest 25 percent of schools served by 
     the local educational agency that serves the school, in terms 
     of the percentage of students from families with incomes 
     below the poverty line; or
       ``(B) is designated with a school locale code of Rural: 
     Fringe, Rural: Distant, or Rural: Remote, as determined by 
     the Secretary.
       ``(12) Highly competent.--The term `highly competent', when 
     used with respect to an early childhood educator, means an 
     educator--
       ``(A) with specialized education and training in 
     development and education of young children from birth until 
     entry into kindergarten;
       ``(B) with--
       ``(i) a baccalaureate degree in an academic major in the 
     arts and sciences; or
       ``(ii) an associate's degree in a related educational area; 
     and
       ``(C) who has demonstrated a high level of knowledge and 
     use of content and pedagogy in the relevant areas associated 
     with quality early childhood education.
       ``(13) Highly qualified.--The term `highly qualified' has 
     the meaning given such term in section 9101 of the Elementary 
     and Secondary Education Act of 1965 and, with respect to 
     special education teachers, in section 602 of the Individuals 
     with Disabilities Education Act.
       ``(14) Literacy coach.--The term `literacy coach' means an 
     individual--
       ``(A) who--
       ``(i) has teaching experience and a master's degree with a 
     concentration in reading and writing education; and
       ``(ii) has demonstrated proficiency (as determined by the 
     principal of the individual's school) in teaching reading and 
     writing in a content area such as math, science, or social 
     studies;
       ``(B) whose primary role with teachers and school personnel 
     is--
       ``(i) to provide high-quality professional development 
     opportunities for teachers and school personnel related to 
     literacy;
       ``(ii) with respect to the areas of reading and writing, to 
     collaborate with paraprofessionals, teachers, principals, and 
     other administrators, and the community served by the school; 
     and
       ``(iii) to work cooperatively and collaboratively with 
     other professionals in planning programs to meet the needs of 
     diverse population learners, including children with 
     disabilities and limited English proficient individuals; and
       ``(C) who may provide students with--
       ``(i) reading or writing diagnosis and instruction; and
       ``(ii) reading and writing assessment, including assessment 
     in cooperation with other professionals (such as special 
     education teachers, speech and language teachers, and school 
     psychologists).
       ``(15) Poverty line.--The term `poverty line' means the 
     poverty line (as defined in section 673(2) of the Community 
     Services Block Grant Act (42 U.S.C. 9902(2))) applicable to a 
     family of the size involved.
       ``(16) Professional development.--The term `professional 
     development' has the meaning given the term in section 9101 
     of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965.
       ``(17) Scientifically valid research.--The term 
     `scientifically valid research' includes applied research, 
     basic research, and field-initiated research in which the 
     rationale, design, and interpretation are soundly developed 
     in accordance with accepted principles of scientific 
     research.
       ``(18) Teaching skills.--The term `teaching skills' means 
     skills that enable a teacher to--
       ``(A) increase student learning, achievement, and the 
     ability to apply knowledge;
       ``(B) effectively convey and explain academic subject 
     matter;
       ``(C) employ strategies grounded in the disciplines of 
     teaching and learning that--
       ``(i) are based on empirically based practice and 
     scientifically valid research, where applicable, related to 
     teaching and learning;
       ``(ii) are specific to academic subject matter; and
       ``(iii) focus on the identification of students' specific 
     learning needs, particularly students with disabilities, 
     students who are limited English proficient, students who are 
     gifted and talented, and students with low literacy levels, 
     and the tailoring of academic instruction to such needs;
       ``(D) conduct an ongoing assessment of student learning, 
     which may include the use of formative assessments, 
     performance-based assessments, project-based assessments, or 
     portfolio assessments, that measure higher-order

[[Page H670]]

     thinking skills, including application, analysis, synthesis, 
     and evaluation;
       ``(E) effectively manage a classroom, including the ability 
     to implement positive behavioral intervention support 
     strategies;
       ``(F) communicate and work with parents and guardians, and 
     involve parents and guardians in their children's education; 
     and
       ``(G) use, in the case of an early childhood educator, age-
     appropriate and developmentally appropriate strategies and 
     practices for children in early education programs.

     ``SEC. 200A. RULE OF CONSTRUCTION.

       ``Nothing in this title shall be construed to alter or 
     otherwise affect the rights, remedies, and procedures 
     afforded to the employees of local educational agencies under 
     Federal, State, or local laws (including applicable 
     regulations or court orders) or under the terms of collective 
     bargaining agreements, memoranda of understanding, or other 
     agreements between such employees and their employers, 
     including the right of employees of local educational 
     agencies to engage in collective bargaining with their 
     employers.

              ``PART A--TEACHER QUALITY PARTNERSHIP GRANTS

     ``SEC. 201. PURPOSES; DEFINITIONS.

       ``(a) Purposes.--The purposes of this part are to--
       ``(1) improve student achievement;
       ``(2) improve the quality of the current and future 
     teaching force by improving the preparation of prospective 
     teachers and enhancing professional development activities;
       ``(3) hold teacher preparation programs at institutions of 
     higher education accountable for preparing highly qualified 
     teachers; and
       ``(4) recruit highly qualified individuals, including 
     minorities and individuals from other occupations, into the 
     teaching force.
       ``(b) Definitions.--In this part:
       ``(1) Eligible partnership.--The term `eligible 
     partnership' means an entity that--
       ``(A) shall include--
       ``(i) a high-need local educational agency;
       ``(ii) a high-need school or a consortium of high-need 
     schools served by the high-need local educational agency or, 
     as applicable, a high-need early childhood education program;
       ``(iii) a partner institution;
       ``(iv) a school, department, or program of education within 
     such partner institution or a teacher professional 
     development program within such partner institution; and
       ``(v) a school or department of arts and sciences within 
     such partner institution; and
       ``(B) may include any of the following:
       ``(i) The Governor of the State.
       ``(ii) The State educational agency.
       ``(iii) The State board of education.
       ``(iv) The State agency for higher education.
       ``(v) A business.
       ``(vi) A public or private nonprofit educational 
     organization.
       ``(vii) An educational service agency.
       ``(viii) A teacher organization.
       ``(ix) A high-performing local educational agency, or a 
     consortium of such local educational agencies, that can serve 
     as a resource to the partnership.
       ``(x) A charter school (as defined in section 5210 of the 
     Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965).
       ``(xi) A school or department within the partner 
     institution that focuses on psychology and human development.
       ``(xii) A school or department within the partner 
     institution with comparable expertise in the disciplines of 
     teaching, learning, and child and adolescent development.
       ``(xiii) An entity operating a program that provides 
     alternative routes to State certification of teachers.
       ``(2) Induction program.--The term `induction program' 
     means a formalized program for new teachers during not less 
     than the teachers' first 2 years of teaching that is designed 
     to provide support for, and improve the professional 
     performance and advance the retention in the teaching field 
     of, beginning teachers. Such program shall promote effective 
     teaching skills and shall include the following components:
       ``(A) High-quality teacher mentoring.
       ``(B) Periodic, structured time for collaboration with 
     mentor teachers in the same department or field, as well as 
     time for information-sharing among teachers, principals, 
     administrators, and participating faculty in the partner 
     institution.
       ``(C) The application of empirically based practice and 
     scientifically valid research on instructional practices.
       ``(D) Opportunities for new teachers to draw directly upon 
     the expertise of teacher mentors, faculty, and researchers to 
     support the integration of empirically based practice and 
     scientifically valid research with practice.
       ``(E) The development of skills in instructional and 
     behavioral interventions derived from empirically based 
     practice and, where applicable, scientifically valid 
     research.
       ``(F) Faculty who--
       ``(i) model the integration of research and practice in the 
     classroom; and
       ``(ii) assist new teachers with the effective use and 
     integration of technology in the classroom.
       ``(G) Interdisciplinary collaboration among exemplary 
     teachers, faculty, researchers, and other staff who prepare 
     new teachers with respect to the learning process and the 
     assessment of learning.
       ``(H) Assistance with the understanding of data, 
     particularly student achievement data, and the data's 
     applicability in classroom instruction.
       ``(I) Structured and formal observation of new teachers, 
     and feedback for such teachers, at least 4 times each school 
     year by multiple evaluators, including master teachers and 
     the principal, using valid and reliable benchmarks of 
     teaching skills and standards developed with input from 
     teachers.
       ``(3) Partner institution.--The term `partner institution' 
     means an institution of higher education, which may include a 
     2-year institution of higher education offering a dual 
     program with a 4-year institution of higher education, 
     participating in an eligible partnership that has a teacher 
     preparation program--
       ``(A) whose graduates exhibit strong performance on State-
     determined qualifying assessments for new teachers through--
       ``(i) demonstrating that 80 percent or more of the 
     graduates of the program who intend to enter the field of 
     teaching have passed all of the applicable State 
     qualification assessments for new teachers, which shall 
     include an assessment of each prospective teacher's subject 
     matter knowledge in the content area in which the teacher 
     intends to teach; or
       ``(ii) being ranked among the highest-performing teacher 
     preparation programs in the State as determined by the 
     State--

       ``(I) using criteria consistent with the requirements for 
     the State report card under section 205(b); and
       ``(II) using the State report card on teacher preparation 
     required under section 205(b), after the first publication of 
     such report card and for every year thereafter; or

       ``(B) that requires--
       ``(i) each student in the program to meet and demonstrate 
     high academic standards (including prior to entering and 
     being accepted into a program) and participate in intensive 
     clinical experience;
       ``(ii) each student in the program preparing to become a 
     teacher to become highly qualified; and
       ``(iii) each student in the program preparing to become an 
     early childhood educator to meet degree requirements, as 
     established by the State, and become highly competent.
       ``(4) Teacher mentoring.--The term `teacher mentoring' 
     means the mentoring of new or prospective teachers through a 
     new or established program that--
       ``(A) includes clear criteria for the selection of teacher 
     mentors who will provide role model relationships for 
     mentees, which criteria shall be developed by the eligible 
     partnership and based on measures of teacher effectiveness;
       ``(B) provides high-quality training for such mentors, 
     including instructional strategies for literacy instruction 
     and classroom management;
       ``(C) provides regular and ongoing opportunities for 
     mentors and mentees to observe each other's teaching methods 
     in classroom settings during the day in a high-need school in 
     the high-need local educational agency in the eligible 
     partnership;
       ``(D) provides paid release time for mentors;
       ``(E) provides mentoring to each mentee by a colleague who 
     teaches in the same field, grade, or subject as the mentee;
       ``(F) promotes empirically based practice of, and 
     scientifically valid research on, where applicable--
       ``(i) teaching and learning;
       ``(ii) assessment of student learning;
       ``(iii) the development of teaching skills through the use 
     of instructional and behavioral interventions; and
       ``(iv) the improvement of the mentees' capacity to 
     measurably advance student learning; and
       ``(G) includes--
       ``(i) common planning time or regularly scheduled 
     collaboration for the mentor and mentee; and
       ``(ii) joint professional development opportunities.
       ``(5) Teaching residency program.--The term `teaching 
     residency program' means a school-based teacher preparation 
     program in which a prospective teacher--
       ``(A) for 1 academic year, teaches alongside a mentor 
     teacher, who is the teacher of record;
       ``(B) receives concurrent instruction during the year 
     described in subparagraph (A) from the partner institution, 
     which may include courses taught by local educational agency 
     personnel or residency program faculty, in the teaching of 
     the content area in which the teacher will become certified 
     or licensed;
       ``(C) acquires effective teaching skills; and
       ``(D) prior to completion of the program, earns a master's 
     degree, attains full State teacher certification or 
     licensure, and becomes highly qualified.

     ``SEC. 202. PARTNERSHIP GRANTS.

       ``(a) Program Authorized.--From amounts made available 
     under section 209, the Secretary is authorized to award 
     grants, on a competitive basis, to eligible partnerships, to 
     enable the eligible partnerships to carry out the activities 
     described in subsection (c).
       ``(b) Application.--Each eligible partnership desiring a 
     grant under this section shall submit an application to the 
     Secretary at such time, in such manner, and accompanied by 
     such information as the Secretary may require. Each such 
     application shall contain--
       ``(1) a needs assessment of all the partners in the 
     eligible partnership with respect to the preparation, ongoing 
     training, professional development, and retention, of general 
     and special education teachers, principals, and, as 
     applicable, early childhood educators;
       ``(2) a description of the extent to which the program 
     prepares prospective and new teachers with strong teaching 
     skills;
       ``(3) a description of how the program will prepare 
     prospective and new teachers to use research and data to 
     modify and improve instruction in the classroom;
       ``(4) a description of how the partnership will coordinate 
     strategies and activities assisted under the grant with other 
     teacher preparation or professional development programs, 
     including those funded under the Elementary and Secondary 
     Education Act of 1965 and the Individuals with Disabilities 
     Education Act, and

[[Page H671]]

     through the National Science Foundation, and how the 
     activities of the partnership will be consistent with State, 
     local, and other education reform activities that promote 
     student achievement;
       ``(5) a resource assessment that describes the resources 
     available to the partnership, including--
       ``(A) the integration of funds from other sources;
       ``(B) the intended use of the grant funds;
       ``(C) the commitment of the resources of the partnership, 
     including financial support, faculty participation, and time 
     commitments, to the activities assisted under this section 
     and to the continuation of the activities when the grant 
     ends;
       ``(6) a description of--
       ``(A) how the partnership will meet the purposes of this 
     part;
       ``(B) how the partnership will carry out the activities 
     required under subsection (d) or (e) based on the needs 
     identified in paragraph (1), with the goal of improving 
     student achievement;
       ``(C) the partnership's evaluation plan under section 
     204(a);
       ``(D) how the partnership will align the teacher 
     preparation program with the--
       ``(i) State early learning standards for early childhood 
     education programs, as appropriate, and with the relevant 
     domains of early childhood development; and
       ``(ii) student academic achievement standards and academic 
     content standards under section 1111(b)(2) of the Elementary 
     and Secondary Education Act of 1965, established by the State 
     in which the partnership is located;
       ``(E) how the partnership will prepare general education 
     teachers to teach students with disabilities, including 
     training related to participation as a member of 
     individualized education program teams, as defined in section 
     614(d)(1)(B) of the Individuals with Disabilities Education 
     Act;
       ``(F) how the partnership will prepare general education 
     and special education teachers to teach students with limited 
     English proficiency;
       ``(G) how faculty at the partner institution will work, 
     during the term of the grant, with highly qualified teachers 
     in the classrooms of schools served by the high-need local 
     educational agency in the partnership to provide high-quality 
     professional development activities;
       ``(H) how the partnership will design, implement, or 
     enhance a year-long, rigorous, and enriching teaching pre-
     service clinical program component;
       ``(I) how the partnership will support in-service 
     professional development strategies and activities; and
       ``(J) how the partnership will collect, analyze, and use 
     data on the retention of all teachers and early childhood 
     educators in schools and early childhood programs located in 
     the geographic area served by the partnership to evaluate the 
     effectiveness of the partnership's teacher and educator 
     support system; and
       ``(7) with respect to the induction program required as 
     part of the activities carried out under this section--
       ``(A) a description of how the teacher preparation program 
     will design and implement an induction program to support all 
     new teachers through not less than the first 2 years of 
     teaching in the further development of the new teachers' 
     teaching skills, including the use of mentors who are trained 
     and compensated by such program for the mentors' work with 
     new teachers;
       ``(B) a demonstration that the schools and departments 
     within the institution of higher education that are part of 
     the induction program have relevant and essential roles in 
     the effective preparation of teachers, including content 
     expertise and expertise in teaching;
       ``(C) a demonstration of the partnership's capability and 
     commitment to the use of empirically based practice and 
     scientifically valid research related to teaching and 
     learning, and the accessibility to and involvement of 
     faculty;
       ``(D) a description of how faculty involved in the 
     induction program will be able to substantially participate 
     in an early childhood education program or an elementary or 
     secondary school classroom setting, as applicable, including 
     release time and receiving workload credit for such 
     participation.
       ``(c) Required Use of Grant Funds.--An eligible partnership 
     that receives a grant under this section shall use grant 
     funds to carry out a program for the pre-baccalaureate 
     preparation of teachers under subsection (d), a teaching 
     residency program under subsection (e), a leadership 
     development program under subsection (f), or a combination of 
     two or more such programs.
       ``(d) Partnership Grants for Pre-Baccalaureate Preparation 
     of Teachers.--An eligible partnership that receives a grant 
     to carry out an effective program for the pre-baccalaureate 
     preparation of teachers shall carry out a program that 
     includes all of the following:
       ``(1) Reforms.--
       ``(A) In general.--Implementing reforms, described in 
     subparagraph (B), within each teacher preparation program 
     and, as applicable, each preparation program for early 
     childhood education programs, of the eligible partnership 
     that is assisted under this section, to hold each program 
     accountable for--
       ``(i) preparing--

       ``(I) current or prospective teachers to be highly 
     qualified (including teachers in rural school districts who 
     may teach multiple subjects, special educators, teachers of 
     students who are limited English proficient who may teach 
     multiple subjects, and teachers who are qualified to teach 
     Advanced Placement or International Baccalaureate courses);
       ``(II) such teachers and, as applicable, early childhood 
     educators, to understand empirically based practice and 
     scientifically valid research related to teaching and 
     learning and its applicability, and to use technology 
     effectively, including the use of instructional techniques 
     and positive behavioral support strategies to improve student 
     achievement; and
       ``(III) as applicable, early childhood educators to be 
     highly competent; and

       ``(ii) promoting strong teaching skills and, as applicable, 
     techniques for early childhood educators to improve 
     children's cognitive, social, emotional, and physical 
     development.
       ``(B) Required reforms.--The reforms described in 
     subparagraph (A) shall include--
       ``(i) implementing teacher preparation program curriculum 
     changes that improve, evaluate, and assess how well all 
     prospective and new teachers develop teaching skills;
       ``(ii) using empirically based practice and scientifically 
     valid research, where applicable, about the disciplines of 
     teaching and learning so that all prospective teachers and, 
     as applicable, early childhood educators--

       ``(I) can understand and implement research-based teaching 
     practices in classroom-based instruction;
       ``(II) have knowledge of student learning methods;
       ``(III) possess skills to analyze student academic 
     achievement data and other measures of student learning, and 
     use such data and measures to improve instruction in the 
     classroom;
       ``(IV) possess teaching skills and an understanding of 
     effective instructional strategies across all applicable 
     content areas that enable general and special education 
     teachers and early childhood educators to--

       ``(aa) meet the specific learning needs of all students, 
     including students with disabilities, students who are 
     limited English proficient, students who are gifted and 
     talented, students with low literacy levels and, as 
     applicable, children in early childhood education programs; 
     and
       ``(bb) differentiate instruction for such students;

       ``(V) can effectively participate in the individualized 
     education program process, as defined in section 614(d)(1)(B) 
     of the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act; and
       ``(VI) can successfully employ effective strategies for 
     reading instruction using the essential components of reading 
     instruction;

       ``(iii) ensuring collaboration with departments, programs, 
     or units of a partner institution outside of the teacher 
     preparation program in all academic content areas to ensure 
     that new teachers receive training in both teaching and 
     relevant content areas in order to become highly qualified, 
     which may include training in multiple subjects to teach 
     multiple grade levels as may be needed for individuals 
     preparing to teach in rural communities;
       ``(iv) developing and implementing an induction program;
       ``(v) developing admissions goals and priorities aligned 
     with the hiring objectives of the high-need local educational 
     agency in the eligible partnership; and
       ``(vi) implementing program curriculum changes to prepare 
     teachers to teach Advanced Placement or International 
     Baccalaureate courses.
       ``(2) Clinical experience and interaction.--Developing and 
     improving a sustained and high-quality pre-service clinical 
     education program to further develop the teaching skills of 
     all prospective teachers and, as applicable, early childhood 
     educators, involved in the program. Such program shall do the 
     following:
       ``(A) Incorporate year-long opportunities for enrichment 
     activity or a combination of activities, including--
       ``(i) clinical learning in classrooms in high-need schools 
     served by the high-need local educational agency in the 
     eligible partnership and identified by the eligible 
     partnership; and
       ``(ii) closely supervised interaction between faculty and 
     new and experienced teachers, principals, and other 
     administrators at early childhood education programs (as 
     applicable), elementary schools, or secondary schools, and 
     providing support for such interaction.
       ``(B) Integrate pedagogy and classroom practice and promote 
     effective teaching skills in academic content areas, which 
     may include preparation for meeting the unique needs of 
     teaching in rural communities.
       ``(C) Provide high-quality teacher mentoring.
       ``(D)(i) Be offered over the course of a program of teacher 
     preparation;
       ``(ii) be tightly aligned with course work (and may be 
     developed as a 5th year of a teacher preparation program); 
     and
       ``(iii) where feasible, allow prospective teachers to learn 
     to teach in the same school district in which the teachers 
     will work, learning the instructional initiatives and 
     curriculum of that district.
       ``(E) Provide support and training for those individuals 
     participating in an activity for prospective teachers 
     described in this paragraph or paragraph (1) or (3), and for 
     those who serve as mentors for such teachers, based on each 
     individual's experience. Such support may include--
       ``(i) with respect to a prospective teacher or a mentor, 
     release time for such individual's participation;
       ``(ii) with respect to a faculty member, receiving course 
     workload credit and compensation for time teaching in the 
     eligible partnership's activities; and
       ``(iii) with respect to a mentor, a stipend, which may 
     include bonus, differential, incentive, or merit or 
     performance-based pay.
       ``(3) Induction programs for new teachers.--Creating an 
     induction program for new teachers, or, in the case of an 
     early childhood education program, providing mentoring or 
     coaching for new early childhood educators.
       ``(4) Support and training for participants in early 
     childhood education programs.--In the case of an eligible 
     partnership focusing on early childhood educator preparation, 
     implementing initiatives that increase compensation for early 
     childhood educators who attain associate or baccalaureate 
     degrees in early childhood education.

[[Page H672]]

       ``(5) Teacher recruitment.--Developing and implementing 
     effective mechanisms (which may include alternative routes to 
     State certification of teachers) to ensure that the eligible 
     partnership is able to recruit qualified individuals to 
     become highly qualified teachers through the activities of 
     the eligible partnership, which may include an emphasis on 
     recruiting into the teaching profession--
       ``(A) underrepresented populations;
       ``(B) individuals to teach in rural communities and teacher 
     shortage areas, including mathematics, science, special 
     education, and instruction of limited English proficient 
     students; and
       ``(C) mid-career professionals from other occupations, 
     former military personnel, and recent college graduates with 
     proven records of academic distinction.
       ``(6) Literacy training.--Developing and implementing a 
     program to strengthen content knowledge and teaching skills 
     of elementary and secondary school literacy coaches that--
       ``(A) provides teacher training in reading instruction for 
     literacy coaches who--
       ``(i) train classroom teachers to implement literacy 
     programs; or
       ``(ii) tutor students with intense individualized reading, 
     writing, and subject matter instruction during or beyond the 
     school day;
       ``(B) develops or redesigns rigorous evidenced-based 
     reading curricula that are aligned with challenging State 
     academic content standards, as required under section 
     1111(b)(1) of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 
     1965, and with postsecondary standards for reading and 
     writing;
       ``(C) provides opportunities for teachers to plan and 
     assess instruction with other teachers, school leaders, and 
     faculty at institutions of higher education;
       ``(D) provides training and professional development for 
     principals to prepare them to understand the teaching of 
     reading, guide instruction, and foster school improvement; 
     and
       ``(E) establishes an evaluation and accountability plan for 
     activities conducted under this paragraph to measure the 
     impact of such activities.
       ``(e) Partnership Grants for the Establishment of Teaching 
     Residency Programs.--
       ``(1) In general.--An eligible partnership receiving a 
     grant to carry out an effective teaching residency program 
     shall carry out a program that includes all of the following 
     activities:
       ``(A) Supporting a teaching residency program described in 
     paragraph (2) for high-need subjects and areas, as determined 
     by the needs of the high-need local educational agency in the 
     partnership.
       ``(B) Modifying staffing procedures to provide greater 
     flexibility for local educational agency and school leaders 
     to establish effective school-level staffing in order to 
     facilitate placement of graduates of the teaching residency 
     program in cohorts that facilitate professional 
     collaboration, both among graduates of the teaching residency 
     program and between such graduates and mentor teachers in the 
     receiving school.
       ``(C) Ensuring that teaching residents that participated in 
     the teaching residency program receive--
       ``(i) effective pre-service preparation as described in 
     paragraph (2);
       ``(ii) teacher mentoring;
       ``(iii) induction through the induction program as the 
     teaching residents enter the classroom as new teachers; and
       ``(iv) the preparation described in subparagraphs (A), (B), 
     and (C) of subsection (d)(2).
       ``(2) Teaching residency programs.--
       ``(A) Establishment and design.--A teaching residency 
     program under this subsection shall be a program based upon 
     models of successful teaching residencies that serves as a 
     mechanism to prepare teachers for success in the high-need 
     schools in the eligible partnership, and shall be designed to 
     include the following characteristics of successful programs:
       ``(i) The integration of pedagogy, classroom practice, and 
     teacher mentoring.
       ``(ii) Engagement of teaching residents in rigorous 
     graduate-level course work to earn a master's degree while 
     undertaking a guided teaching apprenticeship.
       ``(iii) Experience and learning opportunities alongside a 
     trained and experienced mentor teacher--

       ``(I) whose teaching shall complement the residency program 
     so that classroom clinical practice is tightly aligned with 
     course work;
       ``(II) who shall have extra responsibilities as a teacher 
     leader of the teaching residency program, as a mentor for 
     residents, and as a teacher coach during the induction 
     program for novice teachers, and for establishing, within the 
     program, a learning community in which all individuals are 
     expected to continually improve their capacity to advance 
     student learning; and
       ``(III) who may have full relief from teaching duties as a 
     result of such additional responsibilities.

       ``(iv) The establishment of clear criteria for the 
     selection of mentor teachers based on measures of teacher 
     effectiveness and the appropriate subject area knowledge. 
     Evaluation of teacher effectiveness shall be based on 
     observations of such domains of teaching as the following:

       ``(I) Planning and preparation, including demonstrated 
     knowledge of content, pedagogy, and assessment, including the 
     use of formative assessments to improve student learning.
       ``(II) Appropriate instruction that engages students with 
     different learning styles, including students with 
     disabilities.
       ``(III) Collaboration with colleagues to improve 
     instruction.
       ``(IV) Analysis of gains in student learning, based on 
     multiple measures, that, when feasible, may include valid and 
     reliable objective measures of the influence of teachers on 
     the rate of student academic progress.
       ``(V) In the case of mentor candidates who will be 
     mentoring current or future literacy and mathematics coaches 
     or instructors, appropriate skills in the essential 
     components of reading instruction, teacher training in 
     literacy instructional strategies across core subject areas, 
     and teacher training in mathematics instructional strategies, 
     as appropriate.

       ``(v) Grouping of teaching residents in cohorts to 
     facilitate professional collaboration among such residents.
       ``(vi) The development of admissions goals and priorities 
     aligned with the hiring objectives of the local educational 
     agency partnering with the program, as well as the 
     instructional initiatives and curriculum of the agency, in 
     exchange for a commitment by the agency to hire graduates 
     from the teaching residency program.
       ``(vii) Support for residents, once the teaching residents 
     are hired as teachers of record, through an induction 
     program, professional development, and networking 
     opportunities to support the residents through not less than 
     the residents' first 2 years of teaching.
       ``(viii) Admission goals and priorities which may include 
     consideration of applicants who reflect the communities in 
     which they will teach as well as consideration of individuals 
     from underrepresented populations in the teaching profession.
       ``(B) Selection of individuals as teacher residents.--
       ``(i) Eligible individual.--In order to be eligible to be a 
     teacher resident in a teaching residency program under this 
     subsection, an individual shall--

       ``(I) be a recent graduate of a 4-year institution of 
     higher education or a mid-career professional from outside 
     the field of education possessing strong content knowledge or 
     a record of professional accomplishment; and
       ``(II) submit an application to the teaching residency 
     program.

       ``(ii) Selection criteria.--An eligible partnership 
     carrying out a teaching residency program under this 
     subsection shall establish criteria for the selection of 
     eligible individuals to participate in the teaching residency 
     program based on the following characteristics:

       ``(I) Strong content knowledge or record of accomplishment 
     in the field or subject area to be taught.
       ``(II) Strong verbal and written communication skills, 
     which may be demonstrated by performance on appropriate 
     tests.
       ``(III) Other attributes linked to effective teaching, 
     which may be determined by interviews or performance 
     assessments, as specified by the eligible partnership.

       ``(C) Stipend and service requirement.--
       ``(i) Stipend.--A teaching residency program under this 
     paragraph shall provide a 1-year living stipend or salary to 
     teaching residents during the 1-year teaching residency 
     program.
       ``(ii) Service requirement.--As a condition of receiving a 
     stipend under this subparagraph, a teaching resident shall 
     agree to teach in a high-need school served by the high-need 
     local educational agency in the eligible partnership for a 
     period of 3 or more years after completing the 1-year 
     teaching residency program.
       ``(iii) Repayment.--If a teaching resident who received a 
     stipend under this subparagraph does not complete the service 
     requirement described in clause (ii), such individual shall 
     repay to the high-need local educational agency a pro rata 
     portion of the stipend amount for the amount of teaching time 
     that the individual did not complete.
       ``(f) Partnership Grants for the Development of Leadership 
     Programs.--
       ``(1) In general.--An eligible partnership receiving a 
     grant to carry out an effective leadership program shall 
     carry out a program that includes all of the following 
     activities:
       ``(A) Preparing students currently enrolled or preparing to 
     enroll in education administration programs in preparation 
     for careers as superintendents, principals, or other school 
     administrators (including students preparing to work in rural 
     school districts who may perform multiple duties in addition 
     to the role of administrator).
       ``(B) Promoting strong administrative skills and, as 
     applicable, techniques for education administrators to 
     improve the school environment and effectively manage 
     schools.
       ``(C) Ensuring that students who participate in the 
     leadership program receive--
       ``(i) effective pre-service preparation as described in 
     subparagraph (D); and
       ``(ii) mentoring by educational administrators.
       ``(D) Developing and improving a sustained and high-quality 
     pre-service clinical education program to further develop the 
     leadership skills of all prospective educational 
     administrators involved in the program. Such program shall do 
     the following:
       ``(i) Incorporate year-long opportunities for enrichment 
     activity or a combination of activities, including--

       ``(I) clinical learning in high-need schools served by the 
     high-need local educational agency in the eligible 
     partnership and identified by the eligible partnership; and
       ``(II) closely supervised interaction between faculty and 
     new and experienced teachers, principals, and other 
     administrators in high-need schools served by the high-need 
     local educational agency in the eligible partnership and 
     identified by the eligible partnership.

       ``(ii) Integrate pedagogy and practice and promote 
     effective administrative skills for meeting the unique needs 
     of rural and geographically isolated communities.
       ``(iii) Educational administrator mentoring.
       ``(E) Creating an induction program for new administrators.
       ``(F) Developing and implementing effective mechanisms to 
     ensure that the eligible partnership is able to recruit 
     qualified individuals to become educational administrators 
     through the activities of the eligible partnership, which may 
     include an emphasis on recruiting into the education 
     administration profession--

[[Page H673]]

       ``(i) underrepresented populations;
       ``(ii) individuals to serve as superintendents, principals, 
     or other school administrators in rural and geographically 
     isolated communities and shortage areas designated by the 
     Secretary; or
       ``(iii) mid-career professionals from other occupations, 
     former military personnel, and recent college graduates with 
     proven records of academic distinction.
       ``(2) Selection of individuals for the leadership 
     program.--In order to be eligible for the leadership program 
     under this subsection, an individual shall--
       ``(A) be enrolled in or preparing to enroll in an 
     institution of higher education, or a recent graduate of an 
     institution of higher education, or a mid-career professional 
     from outside the field of education possessing strong content 
     knowledge or a record of professional accomplishment;
       ``(B) be current teachers who would like to become 
     principals or principals who would like to be 
     superintendents; and
       ``(C) submit an application to the leadership program.
       ``(g) Consultation.--
       ``(1) In general.--Members of an eligible partnership that 
     receives a grant under this section shall engage in regular 
     consultation throughout the development and implementation of 
     programs and activities under this section.
       ``(2) Regular communication.--To ensure timely and 
     meaningful consultation, regular communication shall occur 
     among all members of the eligible partnership, including the 
     high-need local educational agency. Such communication shall 
     continue throughout the implementation of the grant and the 
     assessment of programs and activities under this section.
       ``(3) Written consent.--The Secretary may approve changes 
     in grant activities of a grant under this section only if a 
     written consent signed by all members of the eligible 
     partnership is submitted to the Secretary.
       ``(h) Construction.--Nothing in this section shall be 
     construed to prohibit an eligible partnership from using 
     grant funds to coordinate with the activities of eligible 
     partnerships in other States or on a regional basis through 
     Governors, State boards of education, State educational 
     agencies, State agencies responsible for early childhood 
     education, local educational agencies, or State agencies for 
     higher education.
       ``(i) Supplement, Not Supplant.--Funds made available to 
     carry out this section shall be used to supplement, and not 
     supplant, other Federal, State, and local funds that would 
     otherwise be expended to carry out activities under this 
     section.

     ``SEC. 203. ADMINISTRATIVE PROVISIONS.

       ``(a) Duration; Number of Awards; Payments.--
       ``(1) Duration.--A grant awarded under this part shall be 
     awarded for a period of 5 years.
       ``(2) Number of awards.--An eligible partnership may not 
     receive more than 1 grant during a 5-year period. Nothing in 
     this title shall be construed to prohibit an individual 
     member, that can demonstrate need, of an eligible partnership 
     that receives a grant under this title from entering into 
     another eligible partnership consisting of new members and 
     receiving a grant with such other eligible partnership before 
     the 5-year period described in the preceding sentence 
     applicable to the eligible partnership with which the 
     individual member has first partnered has expired.
       ``(3) Payments.--The Secretary shall make annual payments 
     of grant funds awarded under this part.
       ``(b) Peer Review.--
       ``(1) Panel.--The Secretary shall provide the applications 
     submitted under this part to a peer review panel for 
     evaluation. With respect to each application, the peer review 
     panel shall initially recommend the application for funding 
     or for disapproval.
       ``(2) Priority.--In recommending applications to the 
     Secretary for funding under this part, the panel shall give 
     priority--
       ``(A) to partnerships that include an institution of higher 
     education whose teacher preparation program has a rigorous 
     selection process to ensure the highest quality of students 
     entering such programs; and
       ``(B)(i) to applications from broad-based eligible 
     partnerships that involve businesses and community 
     organizations; or
       ``(ii) to eligible partnerships so that the awards promote 
     an equitable geographic distribution of grants among rural 
     and urban areas.
       ``(3) Secretarial selection.--The Secretary shall 
     determine, based on the peer review process, which 
     applications shall receive funding and the amounts of the 
     grants. In determining the grant amount, the Secretary shall 
     take into account the total amount of funds available for all 
     grants under this part and the types of activities proposed 
     to be carried out by the eligible partnership.
       ``(c) Matching Requirements.--
       ``(1) In general.--Each eligible partnership receiving a 
     grant under this part shall provide, from non-Federal 
     sources, an amount equal to 100 percent of the amount of the 
     grant, which may be provided in cash or in-kind, to carry out 
     the activities supported by the grant.
       ``(2) Waiver.--The Secretary may waive all or part of the 
     matching requirement described in paragraph (1) for any 
     fiscal year for an eligible partnership, if the Secretary 
     determines that applying the matching requirement to the 
     eligible partnership would result in serious hardship or an 
     inability to carry out the authorized activities described in 
     this part.
       ``(d) Limitation on Administrative Expenses.--An eligible 
     partnership that receives a grant under this part may use not 
     more than 2 percent of the grant funds for purposes of 
     administering the grant.

     ``SEC. 204. ACCOUNTABILITY AND EVALUATION.

       ``(a) Eligible Partnership Evaluation.--Each eligible 
     partnership submitting an application for a grant under this 
     part shall establish and include in such application an 
     evaluation plan that includes strong performance objectives. 
     The plan shall include objectives and measures for 
     increasing--
       ``(1) student achievement for all students as measured by 
     the eligible partnership;
       ``(2) teacher retention in the first 3 years of a teacher's 
     career;
       ``(3) improvement in the pass rates and scaled scores for 
     initial State certification or licensure of teachers; and
       ``(4)(A) the percentage of highly qualified teachers hired 
     by the high-need local educational agency participating in 
     the eligible partnership;
       ``(B) the percentage of such teachers who are members of 
     underrepresented groups;
       ``(C) the percentage of such teachers who teach high-need 
     academic subject areas (such as reading, mathematics, 
     science, and foreign languages, including less commonly 
     taught languages and critical foreign languages);
       ``(D) the percentage of such teachers who teach in high-
     need areas (including special education, language instruction 
     educational programs for limited English proficient students, 
     and early childhood education);
       ``(E) the percentage of such teachers in high-need schools, 
     disaggregated by the elementary, middle, and high school 
     levels;
       ``(F) as applicable, the percentage of early childhood 
     education program classes in the geographic area served by 
     the eligible partnership taught by early childhood educators 
     who are highly competent; and
       ``(G) as applicable, the number of teachers trained 
     effectively to integrate technology into curricula and 
     instruction and who use technology to collect, manage, and 
     analyze data to improve teaching, learning, and decision 
     making for the purpose of improving student academic 
     achievement.
       ``(b) Information.--An eligible partnership receiving a 
     grant under this part shall ensure that teachers, principals, 
     school superintendents, and faculty and leadership at 
     institutions of higher education located in the geographic 
     areas served by the eligible partnership are provided 
     information about the activities carried out with funds under 
     this part, including through electronic means.
       ``(c) Revocation of Grant.--If the Secretary determines 
     that an eligible partnership receiving a grant under this 
     part is not making substantial progress in meeting the 
     purposes, goals, objectives, and measures, as appropriate, of 
     the grant by the end of the third year of a grant under this 
     part, then the Secretary shall require such eligible 
     partnership to submit a revised application that identifies 
     the steps the partnership will take to make substantial 
     progress to meet the purposes, goals, objectives, and 
     measures, as appropriate, of this part.
       ``(d) Evaluation and Dissemination.--The Secretary shall 
     evaluate the activities funded under this part and report the 
     findings regarding the evaluation of such activities to the 
     authorizing committees. The Secretary shall broadly 
     disseminate--
       ``(1) successful practices developed by eligible 
     partnerships under this part; and
       ``(2) information regarding such practices that were found 
     to be ineffective.

     ``SEC. 205. ACCOUNTABILITY FOR PROGRAMS THAT PREPARE 
                   TEACHERS.

       ``(a) Institutional and Program Report Cards on the Quality 
     of Teacher Preparation.--
       ``(1) Report card.--Each institution of higher education 
     that conducts a traditional teacher preparation program or 
     alternative routes to State certification or licensure 
     program and that enrolls students receiving Federal 
     assistance under this Act shall report annually to the State 
     and the general public, in a uniform and comprehensible 
     manner that conforms with the definitions and methods 
     established by the Secretary, both for traditional teacher 
     preparation programs and alternative routes to State 
     certification or licensure programs, the following 
     information:
       ``(A) Pass rates and scaled scores.--For the most recent 
     year for which the information is available for those 
     students who took the assessments and are enrolled in the 
     traditional teacher preparation program or alternative routes 
     to State certification or licensure program, and for those 
     who have taken the assessments and have completed the 
     traditional teacher preparation program or alternative routes 
     to State certification or licensure program during the 2-year 
     period preceding such year, for each of the assessments used 
     for teacher certification or licensure by the State in which 
     the program is located--
       ``(i) the percentage of students who have completed 100 
     percent of the nonclinical course work and taken the 
     assessment who pass such assessment;
       ``(ii) the percentage of all such students who passed each 
     such assessment;
       ``(iii) the percentage of students taking an assessment who 
     enrolled in and completed the teacher preparation program;
       ``(iv) the average scaled score for all students who took 
     each such assessment;
       ``(v) a comparison of the program's pass rates with the 
     average pass rates for programs in the State; and
       ``(vi) a comparison of the program's average scaled scores 
     with the average scaled scores for programs in the State.
       ``(B) Program information.--The criteria for admission into 
     the program, the number of students in the program 
     (disaggregated by race,

[[Page H674]]

     ethnicity, and gender), the average number of hours of 
     supervised clinical experience required for those in the 
     program, the number of full-time equivalent faculty and 
     students in the supervised clinical experience, and the total 
     number of students who have been certified or licensed as 
     teachers, disaggregated by subject and area of certification 
     or licensure.
       ``(C) Statement.--In States that require approval or 
     accreditation of teacher preparation programs, a statement of 
     whether the institution's program is so approved or 
     accredited, and by whom.
       ``(D) Designation as low-performing.--Whether the program 
     has been designated as low-performing by the State under 
     section 208(a).
       ``(E) Use of technology.--A description of the activities 
     that prepare teachers to effectively integrate technology 
     into curricula and instruction and effectively use technology 
     to collect, manage, and analyze data in order to improve 
     teaching, learning, and decision making for the purpose of 
     increasing student academic achievement.
       ``(F) Teacher training.--A description of the activities 
     that prepare general and special education teachers to 
     effectively teach students with disabilities, including 
     training related to participation as a member of 
     individualized education program teams, as defined in section 
     614(d)(1)(B) of the Individuals with Disabilities Education 
     Act, and to effectively teach students with limited English 
     proficiency.
       ``(2) Report.--Each eligible partnership receiving a grant 
     under section 202 shall report annually on the progress of 
     the eligible partnership toward meeting the purposes of this 
     part and the objectives and measures described in section 
     204(a).
       ``(3) Fines.--The Secretary may impose a fine not to exceed 
     $25,000 on an institution of higher education for failure to 
     provide the information described in this subsection in a 
     timely or accurate manner.
       ``(4) Special rule.--In the case of an institution of 
     higher education that conducts a traditional teacher 
     preparation program or alternative routes to State 
     certification or licensure program and has fewer than 10 
     scores reported on any single initial teacher certification 
     or licensure assessment during an academic year, the 
     institution shall collect and publish information, as 
     required under paragraph (1)(A), with respect to an average 
     pass rate and scaled score on each State certification or 
     licensure assessment taken over a 3-year period.
       ``(b) State Report Card on the Quality of Teacher 
     Preparation.--
       ``(1) In general.--Each State that receives funds under 
     this Act shall provide to the Secretary, annually, in a 
     uniform and comprehensible manner that conforms with the 
     definitions and methods established by the Secretary, a State 
     report card on the quality of teacher preparation in the 
     State, both for traditional teacher preparation programs and 
     for alternative routes to State certification or licensure 
     programs, which shall include not less than the following:
       ``(A) A description of the reliability and validity of the 
     teacher certification and licensure assessments, and any 
     other certification and licensure requirements, used by the 
     State.
       ``(B) The standards and criteria that prospective teachers 
     must meet to attain initial teacher certification or 
     licensure and to be certified or licensed to teach particular 
     academic subject areas or in particular grades within the 
     State.
       ``(C) A description of how the assessments and requirements 
     described in subparagraph (A) are aligned with the State's 
     challenging academic content standards required under section 
     1111(b)(1) of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 
     1965 and State early learning standards for early childhood 
     education programs.
       ``(D) For each of the assessments used by the State for 
     teacher certification or licensure--
       ``(i) for each institution of higher education located in 
     the State and each entity located in the State that offers an 
     alternative route for teacher certification or licensure, the 
     percentage of students at such institution or entity who have 
     completed 100 percent of the nonclinical course work and 
     taken the assessment who pass such assessment;
       ``(ii) the percentage of all such students at all such 
     institutions taking the assessment who pass such assessment; 
     and
       ``(iii) the percentage of students taking an assessment who 
     enrolled in and completed the teacher preparation program.
       ``(E) A description of alternative routes to teacher 
     certification or licensure in the State (including any such 
     routes operated by entities that are not institutions of 
     higher education), if any, including, for each of the 
     assessments used by the State for teacher certification or 
     licensure--
       ``(i) the percentage of individuals participating in such 
     routes, or who have completed such routes during the 2-year 
     period preceding the date of the determination, who passed 
     each such assessment; and
       ``(ii) the average scaled score of individuals 
     participating in such routes, or who have completed such 
     routes during the period preceding the date of the 
     determination, who took each such assessment.
       ``(F) A description of the State's criteria for assessing 
     the performance of teacher preparation programs within 
     institutions of higher education in the State. Such criteria 
     shall include indicators of the academic content knowledge 
     and teaching skills of students enrolled in such programs.
       ``(G) For each teacher preparation program in the State, 
     the criteria for admission into the program, the number of 
     students in the program, disaggregated by race, ethnicity, 
     and gender (except that such disaggregation shall not be 
     required in a case in which the number of students in a 
     category is insufficient to yield statistically reliable 
     information or the results would reveal personally 
     identifiable information about an individual student), the 
     average number of hours of supervised clinical experience 
     required for those in the program, and the number of full-
     time equivalent faculty, adjunct faculty, and students in 
     supervised clinical experience.
       ``(H) For the State as a whole, and for each teacher 
     preparation program in the State, the number of teachers 
     prepared, in the aggregate and reported separately by--
       ``(i) area of certification or licensure;
       ``(ii) academic major; and
       ``(iii) subject area for which the teacher has been 
     prepared to teach.
       ``(I) Using the data generated under subparagraphs (G) and 
     (H), a description of the extent to which teacher preparation 
     programs are helping to address shortages of highly qualified 
     teachers, by area of certification or licensure, subject, and 
     specialty, in the State's public schools.
       ``(J) A description of the activities that prepare general 
     and special education teachers to effectively teach students 
     with disabilities, including training related to 
     participation as a member of individualized education program 
     teams, as defined in section 614(d)(1)(B) of the Individuals 
     with Disabilities Education Act.
       ``(K) A description of the activities that prepare teachers 
     to effectively integrate technology into curricula and 
     instruction and effectively use technology to collect, 
     manage, and analyze data to improve teaching, learning, and 
     decision making for the purpose of increasing student 
     academic achievement.
       ``(L) A description of the activities that prepare general 
     education and special education teachers to effectively teach 
     students with limited English proficiency.
       ``(2) Prohibition against creating a national list.--The 
     Secretary shall not create a national list or ranking of 
     States, institutions, or schools using the scaled scores 
     provided under this subsection.
       ``(c) Data Quality.--The Secretary shall prescribe 
     regulations requiring practices and procedures to ensure the 
     reliability, validity, integrity, and accuracy of the data 
     submitted pursuant to this section.
       ``(d) Report of the Secretary on the Quality of Teacher 
     Preparation.--
       ``(1) Report card.--The Secretary shall provide to 
     Congress, and publish and make widely available, a report 
     card on teacher qualifications and preparation in the United 
     States, including all the information reported in 
     subparagraphs (A) through (L) of subsection (b)(1). Such 
     report shall identify States for which eligible partnerships 
     received a grant under this part. Such report shall be so 
     provided, published, and made available annually.
       ``(2) Report to congress.--The Secretary shall prepare and 
     submit a report to Congress that contains the following:
       ``(A) A comparison of States' efforts to improve the 
     quality of the current and future teaching force.
       ``(B) A comparison of eligible partnerships' efforts to 
     improve the quality of the current and future teaching force.
       ``(C) The national mean and median scaled scores and pass 
     rate on any standardized test that is used in more than 1 
     State for teacher certification or licensure.
       ``(3) Special rule.--In the case of a teacher preparation 
     program with fewer than 10 scores reported on any single 
     initial teacher certification or licensure assessment during 
     an academic year, the Secretary shall collect and publish 
     information, and make publicly available, with respect to an 
     average pass rate and scaled score on each State 
     certification or licensure assessment taken over a 3-year 
     period.
       ``(e) Coordination.--The Secretary, to the extent 
     practicable, shall coordinate the information collected and 
     published under this part among States for individuals who 
     took State teacher certification or licensure assessments in 
     a State other than the State in which the individual received 
     the individual's most recent degree.

     ``SEC. 206. TEACHER DEVELOPMENT.

       ``(a) Annual Goals.--As a condition of receiving assistance 
     under title IV, each institution of higher education that 
     conducts a traditional teacher preparation program (including 
     programs that offer any ongoing professional development 
     programs) or alternative routes to State certification or 
     licensure program, and that enrolls students receiving 
     Federal assistance under this Act, shall set annual 
     quantifiable goals for--
       ``(1) increasing the number of prospective teachers trained 
     in teacher shortage areas designated by the Secretary, 
     including mathematics, science, special education, and 
     instruction of limited English proficient students; and
       ``(2) more closely linking the training provided by the 
     institution with the needs of schools and the instructional 
     decisions new teachers face in the classroom.
       ``(b) Assurance.--As a condition of receiving assistance 
     under title IV, each institution described in subsection (a) 
     shall provide an assurance to the Secretary that--
       ``(1) training provided to prospective teachers responds to 
     the identified needs of the local educational agencies or 
     States where the institution's graduates are likely to teach, 
     based on past hiring and recruitment trends;
       ``(2) prospective special education teachers receive course 
     work in core academic subjects and receive training in 
     providing instruction in core academic subjects;
       ``(3) general education teachers receive training in 
     providing instruction to diverse populations, including 
     children with disabilities, limited English proficient 
     students, and children from low-income families; and

[[Page H675]]

       ``(4) prospective teachers receive training on how to 
     effectively teach in urban and rural schools.
       ``(c) Public Reporting.--As part of the annual report card 
     required under section 205(a)(1), an institution of higher 
     education described in subsection (a) shall publicly report 
     whether the goals established under such subsection have been 
     met.

     ``SEC. 207. STATE FUNCTIONS.

       ``(a) State Assessment.--In order to receive funds under 
     this Act, a State shall have in place a procedure to conduct 
     an assessment to identify and assist, through the provision 
     of technical assistance, low-performing programs of teacher 
     preparation. Such State shall provide the Secretary an annual 
     list of such low-performing teacher preparation programs that 
     includes an identification of those programs at risk of being 
     placed on such list. Such assessment shall be described in 
     the report under section 205(b). Levels of performance shall 
     be determined solely by the State and may include criteria 
     based on information collected pursuant to this part 
     including progress in meeting the goals of--
       ``(1) increasing the percentage of highly qualified 
     teachers in the State, including increasing professional 
     development opportunities;
       ``(2) improving student achievement for all students; and
       ``(3) raising the standards for entry into the teaching 
     profession.
       ``(b) Termination of Eligibility.--Any program of teacher 
     preparation from which the State has withdrawn the State's 
     approval, or terminated the State's financial support, due to 
     the low performance of the program based upon the State 
     assessment described in subsection (a)--
       ``(1) shall be ineligible for any funding for professional 
     development activities awarded by the Department;
       ``(2) shall not be permitted to accept or enroll any 
     student that receives aid under title IV in the institution's 
     teacher preparation program; and
       ``(3) shall provide transitional support, including 
     remedial services if necessary, for students enrolled at the 
     institution at the time of termination of financial support 
     or withdrawal of approval.
       ``(c) Negotiated Rulemaking.--If the Secretary develops any 
     regulations implementing subsection (b)(2), the Secretary 
     shall submit such proposed regulations to a negotiated 
     rulemaking process, which shall include representatives of 
     States, institutions of higher education, and educational and 
     student organizations.
       ``(d) Application of the Requirements.--The requirements of 
     this section shall apply to both traditional teacher 
     preparation programs and alternative routes to State 
     certification and licensure programs.

     ``SEC. 208. GENERAL PROVISIONS.

       ``(a) Methods.--In complying with sections 205 and 207, the 
     Secretary shall ensure that States and institutions of higher 
     education use fair and equitable methods in reporting and 
     that the reporting methods do not allow identification of 
     individuals.
       ``(b) Special Rule.--For each State that does not use 
     content assessments as a means of ensuring that all teachers 
     teaching in core academic subjects within the State are 
     highly qualified, as required under section 1119 of the 
     Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965 and in 
     accordance with the State plan submitted or revised under 
     section 1111 of such Act, or that each person employed as a 
     special education teacher in the State who teaches elementary 
     school, middle school, or secondary school is highly 
     qualified by the deadline, as required under section 
     612(a)(14)(C) of the Individuals with Disabilities Education 
     Act,--
       ``(1) the Secretary shall, to the extent practicable, 
     collect data comparable to the data required under this part 
     from States, local educational agencies, institutions of 
     higher education, or other entities that administer such 
     assessments to teachers or prospective teachers; and
       ``(2) notwithstanding any other provision of this part, the 
     Secretary shall use such data to carry out requirements of 
     this part related to assessments, pass rates, and scaled 
     scores.
       ``(c) Release of Information to Teacher Preparation 
     Programs.--
       ``(1) In general.--For the purpose of improving teacher 
     preparation programs, a State educational agency that 
     receives funds under this Act, or that participates as a 
     member of a partnership, consortium, or other entity that 
     receives such funds, shall provide to a teacher preparation 
     program, upon the request of the teacher preparation program, 
     any and all pertinent education-related information that--
       ``(A) may enable the teacher preparation program to 
     evaluate the effectiveness of the program's graduates or the 
     program itself; and
       ``(B) is possessed, controlled, or accessible by the State 
     educational agency.
       ``(2) Content of information.--The information described in 
     paragraph (1)--
       ``(A) shall include an identification of specific 
     individuals who graduated from the teacher preparation 
     program to enable the teacher preparation program to evaluate 
     the information provided to the program from the State 
     educational agency with the program's own data about the 
     specific courses taken by, and field experiences of, the 
     individual graduates; and
       ``(B) may include--
       ``(i) kindergarten through grade 12 academic achievement 
     and demographic data, without revealing personally 
     identifiable information about an individual student, for 
     students who have been taught by graduates of the teacher 
     preparation program; and
       ``(ii) teacher effectiveness evaluations for teachers who 
     graduated from the teacher preparation program.
       ``(d) Limitations.--
       ``(1) Federal control prohibited.--Nothing in this part 
     shall be construed to permit, allow, encourage, or authorize 
     any Federal control over any aspect of any private, 
     religious, or home school (whether or not a home school is 
     treated as a private school or home school under State law). 
     This section shall not be construed to prohibit private, 
     religious, or home schools from participation in programs or 
     services under this part.
       ``(2) No change in state control encouraged or required.--
     Nothing in this part shall be construed to encourage or 
     require any change in a State's treatment of any private, 
     religious, or home school (whether or not a home school is 
     treated as a private school or home school under State law).
       ``(3) National system of teacher certification 
     prohibited.--Nothing in this part shall be construed to 
     permit, allow, encourage, or authorize the Secretary to 
     establish or support any national system of teacher 
     certification.

     ``SEC. 209. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

       ``There are authorized to be appropriated to carry out this 
     part $300,000,000 for fiscal year 2009 and such sums as may 
     be necessary for each of the 2 succeeding fiscal years.

         ``PART B--PREPARING TEACHERS FOR DIGITAL AGE LEARNERS

     ``SEC. 221. PROGRAM AUTHORIZED.

       ``(a) Program Authority.--The Secretary is authorized to 
     award grants to, or enter into contracts or cooperative 
     agreements with, eligible consortia to pay the Federal share 
     of the costs of projects to--
       ``(1) graduate teacher candidates who are prepared to use 
     modern information, communication, and learning tools to--
       ``(A) improve student learning, assessment, and learning 
     management; and
       ``(B) help students develop skills to enter the workforce;
       ``(2) strengthen and develop partnerships among the 
     stakeholders in teacher preparation to transform teacher 
     education and ensure technology rich learning environments 
     throughout a teacher candidate's pre-service education, 
     including clinical experiences; and
       ``(3) assess the effectiveness of departments, schools, and 
     colleges of education at institutions of higher education in 
     preparing teacher candidates for successful implementation of 
     technology-rich teaching-learning environments that enable 
     kindergarten through grade 12 students to develop skills to 
     enter the workforce.
       ``(b) Amount and Duration.--A grant, contract, or 
     cooperative agreement under this part--
       ``(1) shall be for not more than $2,000,000;
       ``(2) shall be for a 3-year period; and
       ``(3) may be renewed for one additional year.
       ``(c) Non-Federal Share Requirement.--The Federal share of 
     the cost of any project funded under this part shall not 
     exceed 75 percent. The non-Federal share of the cost of such 
     project may be provided in cash or in kind, fairly evaluated, 
     including services.
       ``(d) Definition of Eligible Consortium.--In this part, the 
     term `eligible consortium' means a consortium of members that 
     includes the following:
       ``(1) At least one institution of higher education that 
     awards baccalaureate degrees and prepares teachers for 
     initial entry into teaching.
       ``(2) At least one State educational agency or local 
     educational agency.
       ``(3) A department, school, or college of education at an 
     institution of higher education.
       ``(4) A department, school, or college of arts and sciences 
     at an institution of higher education.
       ``(5) At least one entity with the capacity to contribute 
     to the technology-related reform of teacher preparation 
     programs, which may be a professional association, 
     foundation, museum, library, for-profit business, public or 
     private nonprofit organization, community-based organization, 
     or other entity.

     ``SEC. 222. USES OF FUNDS.

       ``(a) In General.--An eligible consortium that receives a 
     grant or enters into a contract or cooperative agreement 
     under this part shall use funds made available under this 
     part to carry out a project that--
       ``(1) develops long-term partnerships among members of the 
     consortium that are focused on effective teaching with modern 
     digital tools and content that substantially connect pre-
     service preparation of teacher candidates with high-needs 
     schools; or
       ``(2) transforms the way departments, schools, and colleges 
     of education teach classroom technology integration, 
     including the principles of universal design, to teacher 
     candidates.
       ``(b) Uses of Funds for Partnership Grants.--In carrying 
     out a project under subsection (a)(1), an eligible consortium 
     shall--
       ``(1) provide teacher candidates, early in their 
     preparation, with field experiences in educational settings 
     with technology;
       ``(2) build the skills of teacher candidates to support 
     technology-rich instruction, assessment and learning 
     management in content areas, technology literacy, an 
     understanding of the principles of universal design, and the 
     development of other skills for entering the workforce;
       ``(3) provide professional technology development for 
     teachers, administrators, and content specialists who 
     participate in field placement;
       ``(4) provide professional development of technology 
     pedagogical skills for faculty of departments, schools, and 
     colleges of education and arts and sciences;
       ``(5) implement strategies for the mentoring of teacher 
     candidates with respect to technology implementation by 
     members of the consortium;
       ``(6) evaluate teacher candidates during the first years of 
     teaching to fully assess outcomes of the project;

[[Page H676]]

       ``(7) build collaborative learning communities for 
     technology integration within the consortium to sustain 
     meaningful applications of technology in the classroom during 
     teacher preparation and early career practice; and
       ``(8) evaluate the effectiveness of the project.
       ``(c) Uses of Funds for Transformation Grants.--In carrying 
     out a project under subsection (a)(2), an eligible consortium 
     shall--
       ``(1) redesign curriculum to require collaboration between 
     the department, school, or college of education faculty and 
     the department, school, or college of arts and sciences 
     faculty who teach content or methods courses for training 
     teacher candidates;
       ``(2) collaborate between the department, school, or 
     college of education faculty and the department, school, or 
     college of arts and science faculty and academic content 
     specialists at the local educational agency to educate pre-
     service teachers who can integrate technology and pedagogical 
     skills in content areas;
       ``(3) collaborate between the department, school, or 
     college of education faculty and the department, school, or 
     college of arts and sciences faculty who teach courses to 
     pre-service teachers to--
       ``(A) develop and implement a plan for pre-service teachers 
     and continuing educators that demonstrates effective 
     instructional strategies and application of such strategies 
     in the use of digital tools to transform the teaching and 
     learning process; and
       ``(B) better reach underrepresented pre-service teacher 
     populations with programs that connect such pre-service 
     teacher populations with applications of technology;
       ``(4) collaborate among faculty and students to create and 
     disseminate case studies of technology applications in 
     classroom settings with a goal of improving student 
     achievement in high-need schools;
       ``(5) provide additional technology resources for pre-
     service teachers to plan and implement technology 
     applications in classroom settings that provide evidence of 
     student learning; and
       ``(6) bring together expertise from departments, schools, 
     or colleges of education, arts and science faculty, and 
     academic content specialists at the local educational agency 
     to share and disseminate technology applications in the 
     classroom through teacher preparation and into early career 
     practice.

     ``SEC. 223. APPLICATION REQUIREMENTS.

       ``To be eligible to receive a grant or enter into a 
     contract or cooperative agreement under this part, an 
     eligible consortium shall submit an application to the 
     Secretary at such time, in such manner, and containing such 
     information as the Secretary may require. Such application 
     shall include the following:
       ``(1) A description of the project to be carried out with 
     the grant, including how the project will--
       ``(A) develop a long-term partnership focused on effective 
     teaching with modern digital tools and content that 
     substantially connects pre-service preparation of teacher 
     candidates with high-need schools; or
       ``(B) transform the way departments, schools, and colleges 
     of education teach classroom technology integration, 
     including the principles of universal design, to teacher 
     candidates.
       ``(2) A demonstration of--
       ``(A) the commitment, including the financial commitment, 
     of each of the members of the consortium for the proposed 
     project; and
       ``(B) the support of the leadership of each organization 
     that is a member of the consortium for the proposed project.
       ``(3) A description of how each member of the consortium 
     will participate in the project.
       ``(4) A description of how the State or local educational 
     agency will incorporate the project into the agency's 
     technology plan, if such a plan already exists.
       ``(5) A description of how the project will be continued 
     after Federal funds are no longer available under this part 
     for the project.
       ``(6) A plan for the evaluation of the project, which shall 
     include benchmarks to monitor progress toward specific 
     project objectives.

     ``SEC. 224. EVALUATION.

       ``Not less than 10 percent of the funds awarded to an 
     eligible consortium to carry out a project under this part 
     shall be used to evaluate the effectiveness of such project.

     ``SEC. 225. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

       ``There is authorized to be appropriated $100,000,000 to 
     carry out this part for fiscal year 2009 and such sums as may 
     be necessary for each of the 2 succeeding fiscal years.

                 ``PART C--ENHANCING TEACHER EDUCATION

     ``SEC. 240. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

       ``There are authorized to be appropriated to carry out this 
     part such sums as may be necessary for fiscal year 2009 and 
     each of the 4 succeeding fiscal years.

``Subpart 1--Recruiting Teachers With Math, Science, or Language Majors

     ``SEC. 241. PROGRAM AUTHORIZED.

       ``(a) Grants Authorized.--From the amounts appropriated 
     under section 240, the Secretary shall make competitive 
     grants to institutions of higher education to improve the 
     availability, recruitment, and retention of teachers from 
     among students majoring in mathematics, science, foreign 
     languages, special education, or teaching the English 
     language to students who are limited English proficient, or 
     to a combination of students majoring in such subjects. In 
     making such grants, the Secretary shall give priority to 
     institutions of higher education with programs that--
       ``(1) focus on preparing and retaining teachers in subjects 
     in which there is a shortage of highly qualified teachers and 
     that prepare students to teach in high-need schools; and
       ``(2) include plans to seek matching funds from other 
     governmental and non-governmental sources.
       ``(b) Application.--Any institution of higher education 
     desiring to receive a grant under this subpart shall submit 
     to the Secretary an application at such time, in such form, 
     and containing such information and assurances as the 
     Secretary may require, including--
       ``(1) the number of students who graduated from the 
     institution in the preceding year with the qualifications 
     necessary to be teachers with expertise in mathematics, 
     science, a foreign language, special education, or teaching 
     limited English proficient individuals; and
       ``(2) a goal and timeline for increasing the number of such 
     teachers who graduate from the institution.
       ``(c) Use of Funds.--Grant funds made available under this 
     subpart--
       ``(1) shall be used to create and provide new recruitment 
     incentives to encourage students who are planning to pursue 
     other careers to pursue careers in teaching, with an emphasis 
     on recruiting students who are majoring in high-need subjects 
     such as mathematics, science, foreign languages, and special 
     education, and areas relevant to teaching the English 
     language to students who are limited English proficient;
       ``(2) may be used to upgrade curriculum to provide all 
     students studying to become teachers with high-quality 
     instructional strategies for teaching reading and teaching 
     the English language to students who are limited English 
     proficient, and for adopting, modifying, and differentiating 
     instruction to teach students with disabilities;
       ``(3) may be used to integrate department, school, or 
     college of education faculty with other arts and science 
     faculty in mathematics, science, foreign languages, special 
     education, and teaching the English language to students who 
     are limited English proficient through steps such as--
       ``(A) dual appointments for faculty between departments, 
     schools, or colleges of education and departments, schools, 
     or colleges of arts and science; and
       ``(B) integrating course work with clinical experience;
       ``(4) may be used to develop strategic plans between 
     departments, schools, or colleges of education and local 
     school districts to better prepare teachers for high-need 
     schools, including the creation of professional development 
     partnerships for training new teachers in state-of-the-art 
     teaching practices; and
       ``(5) may be used to develop or enhance programs aimed at 
     retaining teachers in high-need subjects such as mathematics, 
     science, foreign languages, special education, and teaching 
     the English language to students who are limited English 
     proficient, and may include providing scholarship assistance 
     to current teachers to upgrade their skills.

``Subpart 2--Community Colleges as Partners in Teacher Education Grants

     ``SEC. 251. GRANTS TO COMMUNITY COLLEGES.

       ``(a) Program Authorized.--The Secretary is authorized to 
     award grants, on a competitive basis, to eligible entities to 
     assist such entities with--
       ``(1) establishing or enhancing teacher education programs 
     at community colleges that--
       ``(A) include content and pedagogical training; and
       ``(B) are aligned with 4-year college and university 
     teacher education programs to ensure a seemless transition 
     for students from community colleges to 4-year institutions;
       ``(2) establishing or enhancing post baccalaureate 
     certification programs offered at community colleges;
       ``(3) developing and delivering a rigorous program of study 
     for students interested in a career in teaching; and
       ``(4) developing and delivering professional development 
     for teachers to ensure their continued education and 
     professional growth.
       ``(b) Authorized Uses of Funds.--Grant funds provided under 
     this subpart shall be used to carry out the activities 
     described in subsection (a), and may be used to--
       ``(1) develop curriculum for teacher education programs and 
     post baccalaureate certification programs at community 
     colleges;
       ``(2) establish or enhance clinical experiences for 
     students in such teacher education programs and post 
     baccalaureate certification programs;
       ``(3) establish or enhance professional development 
     programs at community colleges that are available for 
     teachers;
       ``(4) develop new associate degree programs focused on 
     teacher preparation;
       ``(5) increase the alignment between community college 
     teacher education programs and 4-year college and university 
     teacher education programs, including articulation 
     agreements, common course numbering, and joint admission 
     programs;
       ``(6) recruit teacher candidates with the goal of 
     diversifying the teacher workforce;
       ``(7) prepare teachers for high-demand subject areas 
     including science, mathematics, technology, special 
     education, critical foreign languages, or the education of 
     limited English proficient individuals;
       ``(8) prepare teachers to teach in high-need schools;
       ``(9) increase coordination between teacher education 
     programs and departments, schools, or colleges of arts and 
     sciences;
       ``(10) encourage teacher education and post baccalaureate 
     programs at times and in formats designed to make these 
     programs more accessible to certain student populations, 
     including mid-career professionals transitioning to teaching; 
     and
       ``(11) carry out other activities that aim to ensure that 
     well-qualified individuals enter into the teaching 
     profession.

[[Page H677]]

       ``(c) Eligible Entity.--For purposes of this subpart, the 
     term `eligible entity' means an individual community college 
     (or district of community colleges), a consortia of community 
     colleges, or a statewide community college system that, for 
     the purposes of carrying out activities under this subpart, 
     has entered into a partnership with--
       ``(1) a four-year institution of higher education with a 
     teacher education program, or a consortia of such 
     institutions; and
       ``(2) at least one of the following:
       ``(A) The State agency that oversees teacher preparation or 
     higher education in the State.
       ``(B) One or more local educational agencies.
       ``(C) The State educational agency.
       ``(D) A professional organization representing teachers.
       ``(d) Application.--Each eligible entity desiring a grant 
     under this subpart shall submit an application to the 
     Secretary at such time, in such manner, and containing such 
     information as the Secretary may require. Such application 
     shall include--
       ``(1) an overview of the goals the eligible entity and its 
     partners plan to pursue upon receipt of a grant under this 
     subpart;
       ``(2) an identification of the institutions, agencies, or 
     organizations that have entered into a partnership with the 
     eligible entity to meet the requirements of subsection (c);
       ``(3) a description of how the eligible entity and its 
     partners will work to ensure a seemless transition for 
     students from community college to 4-year institutions;
       ``(4) an assurance by the eligible entity that students 
     will be provided with intensive support services, which may 
     include mentoring, academic and career support, and support 
     for students who are transitioning, or have transitioned, 
     from the community college to the 4-year institution; and
       ``(5) a description of the rigorous 2-year program of study 
     to be provided by the eligible entity, and a description of 
     how such program establishes a foundation for students to 
     enter into a qualified teacher preparation program at a 4-
     year institution.
       ``(e) Priority.--In awarding grants under this subpart, the 
     Secretary shall give priority to applications the goals of 
     which are to--
       ``(1) increase the diversification of the teacher workforce 
     by enrolling and retaining students from minority racial and 
     ethnic backgrounds and others underrepresented in the local 
     education workforce;
       ``(2) prepare teachers for high-demand subject areas 
     including science, mathematics, technology, special 
     education, critical foreign languages, or the education of 
     limited English proficient individuals; or
       ``(3) prepare teachers to enter into high-need schools.

     ``SEC. 252. DEFINITIONS.

       ``In this subpart:
       ``(1) Community college.--The term `community college' has 
     the same meaning given the term `junior or community college' 
     in section 313.
       ``(2) Four-year institution.--The term `4-year institution' 
     means an institution of higher education (as defined in 
     section 101(a)) that provides a 4-year program of instruction 
     for which the institution awards a bachelor's degree.
       ``(3) Qualified teacher preparation program.--The term 
     `qualified teacher preparation program' means an 
     undergraduate program for students at an institution of 
     higher education that--
       ``(A) encourages collaboration between faculty in education 
     and faculty in the relevant subject areas including, sciences 
     mathematics, and foreign languages to pursue content 
     coordination for courses taken frequently by students 
     preparing to be teachers;
       ``(B) offers support services, including mentoring, 
     exposure to and field experience in the classroom prior to 
     graduation, or other practices, for students while they are 
     in the program, and after graduation while working as 
     teachers; and
       ``(C) focuses on increasing the number of teachers for 
     high-demand subject areas.

    ``Subpart 3--Honorable Augustus F. Hawkins Centers of Excellence

     ``SEC. 261. DEFINITIONS.

       ``In this subpart:
       ``(1) Eligible institution.--The term `eligible 
     institution' means--
       ``(A) an institution of higher education that has a teacher 
     preparation program that is a qualified teacher preparation 
     program under section 252, and that is--
       ``(i) a part B institution (as defined in section 322);
       ``(ii) a Hispanic-serving institution (as defined in 
     section 502);
       ``(iii) a Tribal College or University (as defined in 
     section 316);
       ``(iv) an Alaska Native-serving institution (as defined in 
     section 317(b));
       ``(v) a Native Hawaiian-serving institution (as defined in 
     section 317(b));
       ``(vi) a Predominantly Black Institution (as defined in 
     section 318(b));
       ``(vii) an Asian American and Pacific Islander-serving 
     institution (as defined in section 319(b)); or
       ``(viii) a Native American-serving non-tribal institution 
     (as defined in section 320(b));
       ``(B) a consortium of institutions described in 
     subparagraph (A); or
       ``(C) an institution described in subparagraph (A), or a 
     consortium described in subparagraph (B), in partnership with 
     any other institution of higher education, but only if the 
     center of excellence established under section 262 is located 
     at an institution described in subparagraph (A).
       ``(2) Scientifically based reading research.--The term 
     `scientifically based reading research' has the meaning given 
     such term in section 1208 of the Elementary and Secondary 
     Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 6368).

     ``SEC. 262. AUGUSTUS F. HAWKINS CENTERS OF EXCELLENCE.

       ``(a) Program Authorized.--From the amounts appropriated to 
     carry out this part, the Secretary is authorized to award 
     competitive grants to eligible institutions to establish 
     centers of excellence.
       ``(b) Use of Funds.--Grants provided by the Secretary under 
     this subpart shall be used to ensure that current and future 
     teachers are highly qualified, by carrying out one or more of 
     the following activities:
       ``(1) Implementing reforms within teacher preparation 
     programs to ensure that such programs are preparing teachers 
     who are highly qualified, are able to understand 
     scientifically valid research, and are able to use advanced 
     technology effectively in the classroom, including use for 
     instructional techniques to improve student academic 
     achievement, by--
       ``(A) retraining or recruiting faculty; and
       ``(B) designing (or redesigning) teacher preparation 
     programs that--
       ``(i) prepare teachers to close student achievement gaps, 
     and are based on rigorous academic content, scientifically 
     valid research (including scientifically based reading 
     research), and challenging State student academic content 
     standards; and
       ``(ii) promote strong teaching skills, as defined in 
     section 200(b).
       ``(2) Providing sustained and high-quality pre-service 
     clinical experience, including the mentoring of prospective 
     teachers by exemplary teachers, substantially increasing 
     interaction between faculty at institutions of higher 
     education and new and experienced teachers, principals, and 
     other administrators at elementary schools or secondary 
     schools, and providing support, including preparation time, 
     for such interaction.
       ``(3) Developing and implementing initiatives to promote 
     retention of highly qualified teachers and principals, 
     including minority teachers and principals, including 
     programs that provide--
       ``(A) teacher or principal mentoring from exemplary 
     teachers or principals; or
       ``(B) induction and support for teachers and principals 
     during their first 3 years of employment as teachers or 
     principals, respectively.
       ``(4) Awarding scholarships based on financial need to help 
     students pay the costs of tuition, room, board, and other 
     expenses of completing a teacher preparation program.
       ``(5) Disseminating information on effective practices for 
     teacher preparation and successful teacher certification and 
     licensure assessment preparation strategies.
       ``(6) Activities authorized under section 202.
       ``(c) Application.--Any eligible institution desiring a 
     grant under this subpart shall submit an application to the 
     Secretary at such a time, in such a manner, and accompanied 
     by such information as the Secretary may require.
       ``(d) Minimum Grant Amount.--The minimum amount of each 
     grant under this subpart shall be $500,000.
       ``(e) Limitation on Administrative Expenses.--An eligible 
     institution that receives a grant under this subpart may not 
     use more than 2 percent of the grant funds for purposes of 
     administering the grant.
       ``(f) Regulations.--The Secretary shall prescribe such 
     regulations as may be necessary to carry out this subpart.

                     ``Subpart 4--Teach for America

     ``SEC. 271. TEACH FOR AMERICA.

       ``(a) Definitions.--
       ``(1) Grantee.--The term `grantee' means Teach For America, 
     Inc.
       ``(2) High need.--Notwithstanding section 200(b), the term 
     `high need', when used with respect to a local educational 
     agency, means a local educational agency experiencing a 
     shortage of highly qualified teachers.
       ``(b) Grants Authorized.--The Secretary is authorized to 
     award a grant to Teach For America, Inc., the national 
     teacher corps of outstanding recent college graduates who 
     commit to teach for 2 years in underserved communities in the 
     United States, to implement and expand its program of 
     recruiting, selecting, training, and supporting new teachers.
       ``(c) Requirements.--In carrying out the grant program 
     under subsection (b), the Secretary shall enter into an 
     agreement with the grantee under which the grantee agrees to 
     use the grant funds provided under this subpart to--
       ``(1) provide highly qualified teachers to high need local 
     educational agencies in urban and rural communities;
       ``(2) pay the costs of recruiting, selecting, training, and 
     supporting new teachers; and
       ``(3) serve a substantial number and percentage of 
     underserved students.
       ``(d) Authorized Activities.--
       ``(1) In general.--Grant funds provided under this subpart 
     shall be used by the grantee to carry out each of the 
     following activities:
       ``(A) Recruiting and selecting teachers through a highly 
     selective national process.
       ``(B) Providing pre-service training to such teachers 
     through a rigorous summer institute that includes hands-on 
     teaching experience and significant exposure to education 
     course work and theory.
       ``(C) Placing such teachers in schools and positions 
     designated by high need local educational agencies as high 
     need placements serving underserved students.
       ``(D) Providing ongoing professional development activities 
     for such teachers' first 2 years in the classroom, including 
     regular classroom observations and feedback, and ongoing 
     training and support.
       ``(2) Limitation.--The grantee shall use all grant funds 
     received under this subpart to support activities related 
     directly to the recruitment, selection, training, and support 
     of teachers as described in paragraph (1).

[[Page H678]]

       ``(e) Reports and Evaluations.--
       ``(1) Annual report.--The grantee shall provide to the 
     Secretary an annual report that includes--
       ``(A) data on the number and quality of the teachers 
     provided to local educational agencies through a grant under 
     this subpart;
       ``(B) an externally conducted analysis of the satisfaction 
     of local educational agencies and principals with the 
     teachers so provided; and
       ``(C) comprehensive data on the background of the teachers 
     chosen, the training such teachers received, the placement 
     sites of such teachers, the professional development of such 
     teachers, and the retention of such teachers.
       ``(2) Study.--
       ``(A) In general.--From funds appropriated under section 
     240, the Secretary shall provide for a study that examines 
     the achievement levels of the students taught by the teachers 
     assisted under this subpart.
       ``(B) Achievement gains compared.--The study shall compare, 
     within the same schools, the achievement gains made by 
     students taught by teachers who are assisted under this 
     subpart with the achievement gains made by students taught by 
     teachers who are not assisted under this subpart.
       ``(3) Requirements.--The Secretary shall provide for such a 
     study not less than once every 3 years, and each such study 
     shall include multiple placement sites and multiple schools 
     within placement sites.
       ``(4) Peer review standards.--Each such study shall meet 
     the peer review standards of the education research 
     community.

  ``Subpart 5--Early Childhood Education Professional Development and 
                           Career Task Force

     ``SEC. 281. PURPOSE.

       ``It is the purpose of this subpart--
       ``(1) to improve the quality of the early childhood 
     education workforce by creating a statewide early childhood 
     education professional development and career task force for 
     early childhood education program staff, directors, and 
     administrators; and
       ``(2) to create--
       ``(A) a coherent system of core competencies, pathways to 
     qualifications, credentials, degrees, quality assurances, 
     access, and outreach, for early childhood education program 
     staff, directors, and administrators, that is linked to 
     compensation commensurate with experience and qualifications;
       ``(B) articulation agreements that enable early childhood 
     education professionals to transition easily among degrees; 
     and
       ``(C) compensation initiatives for individuals working in 
     an early childhood education program that reflect the 
     individuals' credentials, degrees, and experience.

     ``SEC. 282. DEFINITION OF EARLY CHILDHOOD EDUCATION PROGRAM.

       ``In this subpart, the term `early childhood education 
     program' means--
       ``(1) a family child care program, center-based child care 
     program, State prekindergarten program, or school-based 
     program, that--
       ``(A) provides early childhood education;
       ``(B) uses developmentally appropriate practices;
       ``(C) is licensed or regulated by the State; and
       ``(D) serves children from birth through age 5;
       ``(2) a Head Start Program carried out under the Head Start 
     Act;
       ``(3) an Early Head Start Program carried out under section 
     645A of the Head Start Act; or
       ``(4) a program authorized under section 619 or part C of 
     the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act.

     ``SEC. 283. GRANTS AUTHORIZED.

       ``(a) In General.--The Secretary is authorized to award 
     grants to States in accordance with the provisions of this 
     subpart to enable such States--
       ``(1) to establish a State Task Force described in section 
     284; and
       ``(2) to support activities of the State Task Force 
     described in section 285.
       ``(b) Competitive Basis.--Grants under this subpart shall 
     be awarded on a competitive basis.
       ``(c) Equitable Geographic Distribution.--In awarding 
     grants under this subpart, the Secretary shall take into 
     consideration providing an equitable geographic distribution 
     of such grants.
       ``(d) Duration.--Grants under this subpart shall be awarded 
     for a period of 3 years.

     ``SEC. 284. STATE TASK FORCE ESTABLISHMENT.

       ``(a) State Task Force Established.--The Governor of a 
     State receiving a grant under this subpart shall establish, 
     or designate an existing entity to serve as, the State Early 
     Childhood Education Professional Development and Career Task 
     Force (hereafter in this subpart referred to as the `State 
     Task Force').
       ``(b) Membership.--The State Task Force shall include a 
     representative of a State educational agency, an institution 
     of higher education (including an associate or a 
     baccalaureate degree granting institution of higher 
     education), an early childhood education program, a nonprofit 
     early childhood organization, a statewide early childhood 
     workforce scholarship or supplemental initiative, and any 
     other entity or individual the Governor determines 
     appropriate.

     ``SEC. 285. STATE TASK FORCE ACTIVITIES.

       ``(a) Activities.--The State Task Force shall--
       ``(1) coordinate and communicate regularly with existing 
     State Advisory Councils on Early Care and Education or a 
     similar State entity charged with creating a comprehensive 
     system of early care and education in the State (hereafter in 
     this subpart referred to as `State Advisory Councils') for 
     the purposes of--
       ``(A) integrating recommendations for early childhood 
     professional development and career activities into the plans 
     of the State Advisory Council; and
       ``(B) assisting in the implementation of professional 
     development and career activities that are consistent with 
     the plans described in subparagraph (A);
       ``(2) conduct a review of opportunities for and barriers to 
     high quality professional development, training, and higher 
     education degree programs in early childhood development and 
     learning, including a periodic statewide survey concerning 
     the demographics of individuals working in early childhood 
     education programs in the State, which survey shall include 
     information disaggregated by--
       ``(A) race, gender, and ethnicity;
       ``(B) compensation levels;
       ``(C) type of early childhood education program setting;
       ``(D) specialized knowledge of child development;
       ``(E) years of experience in an early childhood education 
     program;
       ``(F) attainment of--
       ``(i) academic credit for course work;
       ``(ii) an academic degree;
       ``(iii) a credential;
       ``(iv) licensure; or
       ``(v) certification in early childhood education; and
       ``(G) specialized knowledge in the education of children 
     with limited English proficiency; and
       ``(3) develop a plan for a comprehensive statewide 
     professional development and career system for individuals 
     working in early childhood education programs or for early 
     childhood education providers, which plan shall include--
       ``(A) methods of providing outreach to early childhood 
     education program staff, directors, and administrators to 
     enable such individuals and providers to be aware of 
     opportunities and resources under the statewide plan, which 
     may include outreach to underrepresented populations in the 
     profession;
       ``(B) developing a unified data collection and 
     dissemination system for early childhood education training, 
     professional development, and higher education programs;
       ``(C) increasing the participation of early childhood 
     educators in high quality training and professional 
     development by assisting in paying the costs of enrollment in 
     and completion of such training and professional development 
     courses;
       ``(D) increasing the participation of early childhood 
     educators in postsecondary education programs leading to 
     degrees in early childhood education by providing assistance 
     to pay the costs of enrollment in and completion of such 
     postsecondary education programs, which assistance--
       ``(i) shall only be provided to an individual who--

       ``(I) enters into an agreement under which the individual 
     agrees to work, for a reasonable number of years after 
     receiving such a degree, in an early childhood education 
     program that is located in a low-income area; and
       ``(II) has a family income equal to or less than the 
     annually adjusted national median family income as determined 
     by the Bureau of the Census; and

       ``(ii) shall be provided in an amount that does not exceed 
     $17,500;
       ``(E) supporting professional development activities and a 
     career lattice for a variety of early childhood professional 
     roles with varying professional qualifications and 
     responsibilities for early childhood education personnel, 
     including strategies to enhance the compensation of such 
     personnel;
       ``(F) supporting articulation agreements between 2- and 4-
     year public and private institutions of higher education and 
     mechanisms to transform other training, professional 
     development, and experience into academic credit;
       ``(G) developing mentoring and coaching programs to support 
     new educators in and directors of early childhood education 
     programs;
       ``(H) providing career development advising with respect to 
     the field of early childhood education, including informing 
     an individual regarding--
       ``(i) entry into and continuing education requirements for 
     professional roles in the field;
       ``(ii) available financial assistance; and
       ``(iii) professional development and career advancement in 
     the field;
       ``(I) enhancing the quality of faculty and course work in 
     postsecondary programs that lead to an associate, 
     baccalaureate, or graduate degree in early childhood 
     education;
       ``(J) consideration of the availability of on-line graduate 
     level professional development offered by institutions of 
     higher education with experience and demonstrated expertise 
     in establishing programs in child development, in order to 
     improve the skills and expertise of individuals working in 
     early childhood education programs; and
       ``(K) developing or enhancing a system of quality assurance 
     with respect to the early childhood education professional 
     development and career system, including standards or 
     qualifications for individuals and entities who offer 
     training and professional development in early childhood 
     education.
       ``(b) Public Hearings.--The State Task Force shall hold 
     public hearings and provide an opportunity for public comment 
     on the activities described in the statewide plan described 
     in subsection (a)(3).
       ``(c) Periodic Review.--The State Task Force shall meet 
     periodically to review implementation of the statewide plan 
     and to recommend any changes to the statewide plan the State 
     Task Force determines necessary.

     ``SEC. 286. STATE APPLICATION AND REPORT.

       ``(a) In General.--Each State desiring a grant under this 
     subpart shall submit an application to the Secretary at such 
     time, in such manner, and accompanied by such information as 
     the Secretary may reasonably require. Each such application 
     shall include a description of--

[[Page H679]]

       ``(1) the membership of the State Task Force;
       ``(2) the activities for which the grant assistance will be 
     used;
       ``(3) other Federal, State, local, and private resources 
     that will be available to support the activities of the State 
     Task Force described in section 285;
       ``(4) the availability within the State of training, 
     educator preparation, professional development, compensation 
     initiatives, and career systems, related to early childhood 
     education; and
       ``(5) the resources available within the State for such 
     training, educator preparation, professional development, 
     compensation initiatives, and career systems.
       ``(b) Report to the Secretary.--Not later than 2 years 
     after receiving a grant under this subpart, a State shall 
     submit a report to the Secretary that shall describe--
       ``(1) other Federal, State, local, and private resources 
     that will be used in combination with a grant under this 
     subpart to develop or expand the State's early childhood 
     education professional development and career activities;
       ``(2) the ways in which the State Advisory Council will 
     coordinate the various State and local activities that 
     support the early childhood education professional 
     development and career system; and
       ``(3) the ways in which the State Task Force will use funds 
     provided under this subpart to carry out the activities 
     described in section 285.

     ``SEC. 287. EVALUATIONS.

       ``(a) State Evaluation.--Each State receiving a grant under 
     this subpart shall--
       ``(1) evaluate the activities that are assisted under this 
     subpart in order to determine--
       ``(A) the effectiveness of the activities in achieving 
     State goals;
       ``(B) the impact of a career lattice for individuals 
     working in early childhood education programs;
       ``(C) the impact of the activities on licensing or 
     regulating requirements for individuals in the field of early 
     childhood development;
       ``(D) the impact of the activities, and the impact of the 
     statewide plan described in section 286(a)(3), on the quality 
     of education, professional development, and training related 
     to early childhood education programs that are offered in the 
     State;
       ``(E) the change in compensation and retention of 
     individuals working in early childhood education programs 
     within the State resulting from the activities; and
       ``(F) the impact of the activities on the demographic 
     characteristics of individuals working in early childhood 
     education programs; and
       ``(2) submit a report at the end of the grant period to the 
     Secretary regarding the evaluation described in paragraph 
     (1).
       ``(b) Secretary's Evaluation.--Not later than September 30, 
     2013, the Secretary, in consultation with the Secretary of 
     Health and Human Services, shall prepare and submit to the 
     authorizing committees an evaluation of the State reports 
     submitted under subsection (a)(2).''.

     SEC. 202. NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES STUDY OF BEST 
                   PRACTICES IN TEACHER PREPARATION.

       (a) In General.--The Secretary shall enter into a contract 
     with the National Academy of Sciences to conduct a 2-year 
     study to develop suggested best practices in teacher 
     preparation for departments, schools, and colleges of 
     education. Such best practices shall include recommendations 
     to improve teaching skills, including skills related to 
     working with diverse populations.
       (b) Best Research; Suggested Training.--The suggested best 
     practices developed under subsection (a) shall reflect the 
     best research into how students learn and on the content-
     specific methods shown to be effective with students, 
     including examining how children learn. The suggested best 
     practices shall include suggested training for general and 
     special education teachers in working with diverse 
     populations, utilizing the principles of universal design for 
     learning, assessments in the classroom, and classroom 
     management.
       (c) Collaboration.--
       (1) In general.--In conducting the study under subsection 
     (a), the National Academy of Sciences shall collaborate with 
     interested parties in developing the suggested best 
     practices.
       (2) Interested parties.--In this subsection, the term 
     ``interested parties'' means--
       (A) college presidents;
       (B) deans of arts and sciences and teacher education 
     programs;
       (C) teacher preparation faculty;
       (D) chief State school officers;
       (E) school superintendents;
       (F) teacher organizations;
       (G) outstanding teachers and principals;
       (H) teacher preparation accrediting organizations;
       (I) individuals or organizations with expertise in working 
     with diverse populations, including students with 
     disabilities and limited English proficient students; and
       (J) other organizations with expertise in teacher 
     recruitment and training.
       (d) Prohibition.--Nothing in this section shall be 
     construed to authorize the National Academy of Sciences to 
     recommend, or any other Federal Government entity or 
     contractor to mandate, direct, control, or suggest, a 
     specific curriculum for teacher education programs.

                    TITLE III--TITLE III AMENDMENTS

     SEC. 301. PROGRAM PURPOSE.

       Section 311 (20 U.S.C. 1057) is amended--
       (1) in subsection (b)--
       (A) in paragraph (1), by striking ``351'' and inserting 
     ``391''; and
       (B) in paragraph (3)(F), by inserting ``, including 
     services that will assist in the education of special 
     populations'' before the period; and
       (2) in subsection (c)--
       (A) in paragraph (6), by inserting ``, including 
     innovative, customized, instruction courses designed to help 
     retain students and move the students rapidly into core 
     courses and through program completion'' before the period;
       (B) by redesignating paragraphs (7) through (12) as 
     paragraphs (8) through (13), respectively;
       (C) by inserting after paragraph (6) the following:
       ``(7) Education or counseling services designed to improve 
     the financial literacy and economic literacy of students or 
     the students' parents.'';
       (D) in paragraph (12) (as redesignated by subparagraph 
     (B)), by striking ``distance learning academic instruction 
     capabilities'' and inserting ``distance education 
     technologies''; and
       (E) in the matter preceding subparagraph (A) of paragraph 
     (13) (as redesignated by subparagraph (B)), by striking 
     ``subsection (c)'' and inserting ``subsection (b) and section 
     391''.

     SEC. 302. TITLE III GRANTS FOR AMERICAN INDIAN TRIBALLY 
                   CONTROLLED COLLEGES AND UNIVERSITIES.

       (a) Eligible Institutions.--Section 316(b)(3) (20 U.S.C. 
     1059c(b)(3)) is amended to read as follows:
       ``(3) Tribal college or university.--The term `Tribal 
     College or University' means an institution that--
       ``(A) qualifies for funding under the Tribally Controlled 
     College or University Assistance Act of 1978 (25 U.S.C. 1801 
     et seq.) or the Navajo Community College Assistance Act (25 
     U.S.C. 640a note); or
       ``(B) is cited in section 532 of the Equity in Educational 
     Land Grant Status Act of 1994 (7 U.S.C. 301 note).''.
       (b) Distance Learning.--Section 316(c)(2) is amended--
       (1) by amending subparagraph (B) to read as follows:
       ``(B) construction, maintenance, renovation, and 
     improvement in classrooms, libraries, laboratories, and other 
     instructional facilities, including purchase or rental of 
     telecommunications technology equipment or services, and the 
     acquisition of real property adjacent to the campus of the 
     institution on which to construct such facilities;'';
       (2) in subparagraph (C), by inserting before the semicolon 
     at the end the following: ``, or advanced degrees in tribal 
     governance or tribal public policy'';
       (3) in subparagraph (D), by inserting before the semicolon 
     at the end the following: ``, and in tribal governance or 
     tribal public policy'';
       (4) by striking ``and'' at the end of subparagraph (K);
       (5) by redesignating subparagraph (L) as subparagraph (M); 
     and
       (6) by inserting after subparagraph (K) the following new 
     subparagraph:
       ``(L) developing or improving facilities for Internet use 
     or other distance learning academic instruction capabilities; 
     and''.
       (c) Application and Allotment.--Section 316(d) is amended 
     to read as follows:
       ``(d) Application and Allotment.--
       ``(1) Institutional eligibility.--To be eligible to receive 
     assistance under this section, a Tribal College or University 
     shall be an eligible institution under section 312(b).
       ``(2) Application.--Any Tribal College or University 
     desiring to receive assistance under this section shall 
     submit an application to the Secretary at such time, and in 
     such manner, as the Secretary may reasonably require.
       ``(3) Minimum grant.--Notwithstanding section 399(c), the 
     amount allotted to each institution under this section shall 
     not be less than $500,000.
       ``(4) Special rules.--
       ``(A) Concurrent funding.--For the purposes of this part, 
     no Tribal College or University that is eligible for and 
     receives funds under this section shall concurrently receive 
     funds under other provisions of this part or part B.
       ``(B) Exemption.--Section 313(d) shall not apply to 
     institutions that are eligible to receive funds under this 
     section.''.
       (d) Allotment of Remaining Funds.--Section 316 is further 
     amended by adding at the end the following new subsection:
       ``(e) Allotment of Remaining Funds.--The Secretary shall 
     distribute any funds appropriated to carry out this section 
     for any fiscal year that remain available after the Secretary 
     has awarded grants under subsection (e), to each eligible 
     institution as follows:
       ``(1) 60 percent of the remaining appropriated funds shall 
     be distributed among the eligible Tribal Colleges and 
     Universities on a pro rata basis, based on the respective 
     Indian student counts (as defined in section 2(a) of the 
     Tribally Controlled College or University Assistance Act of 
     1978 (25 U.S.C. 1801(a)) of the Tribal Colleges and 
     Universities; and
       ``(2) the remaining 40 percent shall be distributed in 
     equal shares to the eligible Tribal Colleges and 
     Universities.''.

     SEC. 303. PREDOMINANTLY BLACK INSTITUTIONS.

       Part A of title III is amended by inserting after section 
     317 (20 U.S.C. 1059d) the following new section:

     ``SEC. 318. PREDOMINANTLY BLACK INSTITUTIONS.

       ``(a) Purpose.--It is the purpose of this section to assist 
     Predominantly Black Institutions in expanding educational 
     opportunity through a program of Federal assistance.
       ``(b) Definitions.--For purposes of this section:
       ``(1) Predominantly black institution.--The term 
     `Predominantly Black Institution' means an institution of 
     higher education--
       ``(A) that is an eligible institution (as defined in 
     paragraph (5)(A) of this subsection) with a minimum of 1,000 
     undergraduate students;
       ``(B) at which at least 50 percent of the undergraduate 
     students enrolled at the institution are

[[Page H680]]

     low-income individuals or first-generation college students 
     (as that term is defined in section 402A(g)); and
       ``(C) at which at least 50 percent of the undergraduate 
     students are enrolled in an educational program leading to a 
     bachelor's or associate's degree that the institution is 
     licensed to award by the State in which it is located.
       ``(2) Low-income individual.--The term `low-income 
     individual' has the meaning given such term in section 
     402A(g).
       ``(3) Means-tested federal benefit program.--The term 
     `means-tested Federal benefit program' means a program of the 
     Federal Government, other than a program under title IV, in 
     which eligibility for the programs' benefits, or the amount 
     of such benefits, or both, are determined on the basis of 
     income or resources of the individual or family seeking the 
     benefit.
       ``(4) State.--The term `State' means each of the 50 States 
     and the District of Columbia.
       ``(5) Other definitions.--For purposes of this section, the 
     terms defined by section 312 have the meanings provided by 
     that section, except as follows:
       ``(A) Eligible institution.--
       ``(i) The term `eligible institution' means an institution 
     of higher education that--

       ``(I) has an enrollment of needy undergraduate students as 
     required and defined by subparagraph (B);
       ``(II) except as provided in section 392(b), the average 
     educational and general expenditure of which are low, per 
     full-time equivalent undergraduate student in comparison with 
     the average educational and general expenditure per full-time 
     equivalent undergraduate student of institutions that offer 
     similar instruction;
       ``(III) has an enrollment of undergraduate students that is 
     at least 40 percent Black American students;
       ``(IV) is legally authorized to provide, and provides 
     within the State, an educational program for which the 
     institution awards a bachelors degree, or in the case of a 
     junior or community college, an associate's degree;
       ``(V) is accredited by a nationally recognized accrediting 
     agency or association determined by the Secretary to be a 
     reliable authority as to the quality of training offered, or 
     is, according to such an agency or association, making 
     reasonable progress toward accreditation; and
       ``(VI) is not receiving assistance under part B of this 
     title.

       ``(ii) In awarding grants under this section the Secretary 
     shall give priority to Predominantly Black Institutions with 
     large numbers or percentages of students described in clause 
     (i)(II) or clause (i)(III). The level of priority given to 
     Predominantly Black Institutions with large numbers or 
     percentages of students described in paragraph (1)(B) shall 
     be twice the level of priority given to Predominantly Black 
     Institutions with large numbers or percentages of students 
     described in paragraph (1)(C).
       ``(B) Enrollment of needy students.--The term `enrollment 
     of needy students' means the enrollment at an eligible 
     institution with respect to which at least 50 percent of the 
     undergraduate students enrolled in an academic program 
     leading to a degree--
       ``(i) in the second fiscal year preceding the fiscal year 
     for which the determination is made, were Pell Grant 
     recipients in such year;
       ``(ii) come from families that receive benefits under a 
     means-tested Federal benefits program (as defined in 
     paragraph (3));
       ``(iii) attended a secondary school that was a high-need 
     school during any year of such attendance; or
       ``(iv) are `first-generation college students' as that term 
     is defined in section 402A(g), and a majority of such first-
     generation college students are low-income individuals.
       ``(c) Authorized Activities.--
       ``(1) Types of activities authorized.--Grants awarded 
     pursuant to subsection (d) shall be used by Predominantly 
     Black Institutions--
       ``(A) to assist the institution to plan, develop, 
     undertake, and implement programs to enhance the 
     institution's capacity to serve more low- and middle-income 
     Black American students;
       ``(B) to expand higher education opportunities for title IV 
     eligible students by encouraging college preparation and 
     student persistence in secondary and postsecondary education; 
     and
       ``(C) to strengthen the institution's financial ability to 
     serve the academic needs of the students described in 
     subparagraphs (A) and (B).
       ``(2) Authorized activities.--Grants made to an institution 
     under subsection (d) shall be used for one or more of the 
     following activities:
       ``(A) The activities described in section 311(c)(1) through 
     (11).
       ``(B) Academic instruction in disciplines in which Black 
     Americans are underrepresented.
       ``(C) Establishing or enhancing a program of teacher 
     education designed to qualify students to teach in a public 
     elementary or secondary school in the State that shall 
     include, as part of such program, preparation for teacher 
     certification.
       ``(D) Establishing community outreach programs which will 
     encourage elementary and secondary students to develop the 
     academic skills and the interest to pursue postsecondary 
     education.
       ``(E) Other activities proposed in the application 
     submitted pursuant to subsection (e) that--
       ``(i) contribute to carrying out the purposes of this 
     section; and
       ``(ii) are approved by the Secretary as part of the review 
     and acceptance of such application.
       ``(3) Endowment fund.--
       ``(A) In general.--A Predominantly Black Institution may 
     use not more than 20 percent of the grant funds provided 
     under this section to establish or increase an endowment fund 
     at the institution.
       ``(B) Matching requirement.--In order to be eligible to use 
     grant funds in accordance with subparagraph (A), the 
     Predominantly Black Institution shall provide matching funds 
     from non-Federal sources, in an amount equal to or greater 
     than the Federal funds used in accordance with subparagraph 
     (A), for the establishment or increase of the endowment fund.
       ``(C) Comparability.--The provisions of part C regarding 
     the establishment or increase of an endowment fund, that the 
     Secretary determines are not inconsistent with this 
     subsection, shall apply to funds used under subparagraph (A).
       ``(4) Limitation.--Not more than 50 percent of the 
     allotment of any Predominantly Black Institution may be 
     available for the purpose of constructing or maintaining a 
     classroom, library, laboratory, or other instructional 
     facility.
       ``(d) Allotments to Predominantly Black Institutions.--
       ``(1) Allotment: pell grant basis.--From the amount 
     appropriated to carry out this section for any fiscal year, 
     the Secretary shall allot to each Predominantly Black 
     Institution having an application approved under subsection 
     (e) a sum which bears the same ratio to one-half that amount 
     as the number of Pell Grant recipients in attendance at such 
     institution at the end of the academic year preceding the 
     beginning of that fiscal year bears to the total number of 
     Pell Grant recipients at all institutions eligible under this 
     section.
       ``(2) Allotment: graduates basis.--From the amount 
     appropriated to carry out this section for any fiscal year, 
     the Secretary shall allot to each Predominantly Black 
     Institution having an application approved under subsection 
     (e) a sum which bears the same ratio to one-fourth that 
     amount as the number of graduates for such year at such 
     institution bears to the total number of graduates for such 
     year at all intuitions eligible under this section.
       ``(3) Allotment: graduates seeking a higher degree basis.--
     From the amount appropriated to carry out this section for 
     any fiscal year, the Secretary shall allot to each 
     Predominantly Black Institution having an application 
     approved under subsection (e) a sum which bears the same 
     ratio to one-fourth of that amount as the percentage of 
     graduates per institution who, within 2 years of graduation 
     with an associates degree or a baccalaureate degree, are 
     admitted to and in attendance at, either a baccalaureate 
     degree-granting institution or a graduate or professional 
     school in a degree program in disciplines in which Black 
     American students are underrepresented, bears to the 
     percentage of such graduates per institution for all eligible 
     institutions.
       ``(4) Minimum allotment.--(A) Notwithstanding paragraphs 
     (1), (2), and (3) of this subsection and section 399(c), the 
     amount allotted to each Predominantly Black Institution under 
     this section shall not be less than $250,000.
       ``(B) If the amount appropriated pursuant to section 399 
     for any fiscal year is not sufficient to pay the minimum 
     allotment, the amount of such minimum allotment shall be 
     ratably reduced. If additional sums become available for such 
     fiscal year, such reduced allocation shall be increased on 
     the same basis as it was reduced until the amount allotted 
     equals the minimum allotment required by subparagraph (A).
       ``(5) Reallotment.--The amount of a Predominantly Black 
     Institution's allotment under paragraph (1), (2), (3), or (4) 
     for any fiscal year, which the Secretary determines will not 
     be required for such institution for the period such 
     allotment is available, shall be available for reallotment to 
     other Predominantly Black Institutions in proportion to the 
     original allotment to such other institutions under this 
     section for such fiscal year. The Secretary shall reallot 
     such amounts from time to time, on such date and during such 
     period as the Secretary deems appropriate.
       ``(e) Applications.--No Predominantly Black Institution 
     shall be entitled to its allotment of Federal funds for any 
     grant under subsection (d) for any period unless the 
     institution submits an application to the Secretary at such 
     time, in such manner, and containing or accompanied by such 
     information as the Secretary may reasonably require.
       ``(f) Application Review Process.--Section 393 shall not 
     apply to applications under this section.
       ``(g) Prohibition.--No Predominantly Black Institution that 
     applies for and receives a grant under this section may apply 
     for or receive funds under any other program under this part 
     or part B of this title.
       ``(h) Duration and Carryover.--Any funds paid to a 
     Predominantly Black Institution under this section and not 
     expended or used for the purposes for which the funds were 
     paid within 10 years following the date of the grant awarded 
     to such institution under this section shall be repaid to the 
     Treasury of the United States.''.

     SEC. 304. ASSISTANCE TO ASIAN AMERICAN AND NATIVE AMERICAN 
                   PACIFIC ISLANDER-SERVING INSTITUTIONS.

       Part A of title III is amended by inserting after section 
     318 (as added by section 303 of this Act) the following new 
     section:

     ``SEC. 319. ASIAN AMERICAN AND NATIVE AMERICAN PACIFIC 
                   ISLANDER-SERVING INSTITUTIONS.

       ``(a) Program Authorized.--The Secretary shall provide 
     grants and related assistance to Asian American and Native 
     American Pacific Islander-serving institutions to enable such 
     institutions to improve and expand their capacity to serve 
     Asian Americans and Native American Pacific Islanders.
       ``(b) Definitions.--For the purpose of this section--
       ``(1) the term `Asian American' has the meaning given the 
     term Asian in the Office of Management and Budget's Standards 
     for Maintaining, Collecting, and Presenting Federal Data on 
     Race and Ethnicity as published on October 30, 1997 (62 Fed. 
     Reg. 58789);
       ``(2) the term `Native American Pacific Islander' means any 
     descendant of the aboriginal

[[Page H681]]

     people of any island in the Pacific Ocean that is a territory 
     or possession of the United States;
       ``(3) the term `Asian American and Native American Pacific 
     Islander-serving institution' means an institution of higher 
     education that--
       ``(A) is an eligible institution under section 312(b); and
       ``(B) at the time of application, has an enrollment of 
     undergraduate students that is at least 10 percent Asian 
     American and Native American Pacific Islander students; and
       ``(4) the term `low-income individual' means an individual 
     from a family whose taxable income for the preceding year did 
     not exceed 150 percent of an amount equal to the poverty 
     level determined by using criteria of poverty established by 
     the Bureau of the Census.
       ``(c) Authorized Activities.--
       ``(1) Types of activities authorized.--Grants awarded under 
     this section shall be used by Asian American and Native 
     American Pacific Islander-serving institutions to assist such 
     institutions to plan, develop, undertake, and carry out 
     activities to improve and expand such institutions' capacity 
     to serve Asian Americans and Native American Pacific 
     Islanders.
       ``(2) Examples of authorized activities.--Such programs may 
     include--
       ``(A) purchase, rental, or lease of scientific or 
     laboratory equipment for educational purposes, including 
     instructional and research purposes;
       ``(B) renovation and improvement in classroom, library, 
     laboratory, and other instructional facilities;
       ``(C) support of faculty exchanges, and faculty development 
     and faculty fellowships to assist in attaining advanced 
     degrees in the faculty's field of instruction;
       ``(D) curriculum development and academic instruction;
       ``(E) purchase of library books, periodicals, microfilm, 
     and other educational materials;
       ``(F) funds and administrative management, and acquisition 
     of equipment for use in strengthening funds management;
       ``(G) joint use of facilities such as laboratories and 
     libraries;
       ``(H) academic tutoring and counseling programs and student 
     support services;
       ``(I) establishing community outreach programs that will 
     encourage elementary school and secondary school students to 
     develop the academic skills and the interest to pursue 
     postsecondary education;
       ``(J) establishing or improving an endowment fund;
       ``(K) academic instruction in disciplines in which Asian 
     Americans and Native American Pacific Islanders are under-
     represented;
       ``(L) conducting research and data collection for Asian 
     American and Native American Pacific Islander populations and 
     sub-populations; and
       ``(M) establishing partnerships with community based 
     organizations serving Asian Americans and Native American 
     Pacific Islanders.
       ``(d) Application Process.--
       ``(1) Institutional eligibility.--Each Asian American and 
     Native American Pacific Islander-serving institution desiring 
     to receive assistance under this section shall submit to the 
     Secretary such enrollment data as may be necessary to 
     demonstrate that the institution is an Asian American and 
     Native American Pacific Islander-serving institution as 
     defined in subsection (b), along with such other information 
     and data as the Secretary may by regulation require.
       ``(2) Applications.--Any institution which is determined by 
     the Secretary to be an Asian American and Native American 
     Pacific Islander-serving institution may submit an 
     application for assistance under this section to the 
     Secretary. Such application shall include--
       ``(A) a 5-year plan for improving the assistance provided 
     by the Asian American and Native American Pacific Islander-
     serving institution to Asian American and Native American 
     Pacific Islander students; and
       ``(B) such other information and assurance as the Secretary 
     may require.
       ``(3) Special rules.--
       ``(A) Eligibility.--No Asian American and Native American 
     Pacific Islander-serving institution that receives funds 
     under this section shall concurrently receive funds under 
     other provisions of this part or part B.
       ``(B) Exemption.--Section 313(d) shall not apply to 
     institutions that are eligible to receive funds under this 
     section.
       ``(C) Distribution.--In awarding grants under this section, 
     the Secretary shall--
       ``(i) to the extent possible and consistent with the 
     competitive process under which such grants are awarded, 
     ensure maximum and equitable distribution among all eligible 
     institutions; and
       ``(ii) give priority consideration to institutions that 
     serve a significant percentage of Asian American and Native 
     American Pacific Islander students who are low-income 
     individuals.''.

     SEC. 305. NATIVE AMERICAN-SERVING, NONTRIBAL INSTITUTIONS.

       (a) Grant Program Authorized.--Part A of title III (20 
     U.S.C. 1057 et seq.) is amended by adding after section 319 
     (as added by section 304 of this Act) the following new 
     section:

     ``SEC. 320. NATIVE AMERICAN-SERVING, NONTRIBAL INSTITUTIONS.

       ``(a) Program Authorized.--The Secretary shall provide 
     grants and related assistance to Native American-serving, 
     nontribal institutions to enable such institutions to improve 
     and expand their capacity to serve Native Americans.
       ``(b) Definitions.--In this section:
       ``(1) Native american.--The term `Native American' means an 
     individual who is of a tribe, people, or culture that is 
     indigenous to the United States.
       ``(2) Native american-serving, nontribal institution.--The 
     term `Native American-serving, nontribal institution' means 
     an institution of higher education that, at the time of 
     application--
       ``(A) has an enrollment of undergraduate students that is 
     not less than 10 percent Native American students; and
       ``(B) is not a Tribal College or University (as defined in 
     section 316).
       ``(c) Authorized Activities.--
       ``(1) Types of activities authorized.--Grants awarded under 
     this section shall be used by Native American-serving, 
     nontribal institutions to assist such institutions to plan, 
     develop, undertake, and carry out activities to improve and 
     expand such institutions' capacity to serve Native Americans.
       ``(2) Examples of authorized activities.--Such programs may 
     include--
       ``(A) the purchase, rental, or lease of scientific or 
     laboratory equipment for educational purposes, including 
     instructional and research purposes;
       ``(B) renovation and improvement in classroom, library, 
     laboratory, and other instructional facilities;
       ``(C) support of faculty exchanges, and faculty development 
     and faculty fellowships to assist faculty in attaining 
     advanced degrees in the faculty's field of instruction;
       ``(D) curriculum development and academic instruction;
       ``(E) the purchase of library books, periodicals, 
     microfilm, and other educational materials;
       ``(F) funds and administrative management, and acquisition 
     of equipment for use in strengthening funds management;
       ``(G) the joint use of facilities such as laboratories and 
     libraries; and
       ``(H) academic tutoring and counseling programs and student 
     support services.
       ``(d) Application Process.--
       ``(1) Institutional eligibility.--A Native American-
     serving, nontribal institution desiring to receive assistance 
     under this section shall submit to the Secretary such 
     enrollment data as may be necessary to demonstrate that the 
     institution is a Native American-serving, nontribal 
     institution, along with such other information and data as 
     the Secretary may by regulation require.
       ``(2) Applications.--
       ``(A) Permission to submit applications.--Any institution 
     that is determined by the Secretary to be a Native American-
     serving, nontribal institution may submit an application for 
     assistance under this section to the Secretary.
       ``(B) Simplified and streamlined format.--The Secretary 
     shall, to the extent possible, prescribe a simplified and 
     streamlined format for applications under this section that 
     takes into account the limited number of institutions that 
     are eligible for assistance under this section.
       ``(C) Content.--An application submitted under subparagraph 
     (A) shall include--
       ``(i) a 5-year plan for improving the assistance provided 
     by the Native American-serving, nontribal institution to 
     Native Americans; and
       ``(ii) such other information and assurances as the 
     Secretary may require.
       ``(3) Special rules.--
       ``(A) Eligibility.--No Native American-serving, nontribal 
     institution that receives funds under this section shall 
     concurrently receive funds under other provisions of this 
     part or part B.
       ``(B) Exemption.--Section 313(d) shall not apply to 
     institutions that are eligible to receive funds under this 
     section.
       ``(C) Distribution.--In awarding grants under this section, 
     the Secretary shall, to the extent possible and consistent 
     with the competitive process under which such grants are 
     awarded, ensure maximum and equitable distribution among all 
     eligible institutions.''.

     SEC. 306. STRENGTHENING HISTORICALLY BLACK COLLEGES AND 
                   UNIVERSITIES.

       (a) Definitions.--Section 322(4) (20 U.S.C. 1061(4)) is 
     amended by inserting after ``the Secretary'' the following: 
     ``, in consultation with the Commissioner of the National 
     Center for Education Statistics,''.
       (b) Authorized Activities.--Section 323(a) (20 U.S.C. 
     1062(a)) is amended--
       (1) by redesignating paragraph (12) as paragraph (15); and
       (2) by inserting after paragraph (11) the following new 
     paragraphs:
       ``(12) Acquisition of real property in connection with the 
     construction, renovation, or addition to or improvement of 
     campus facilities.
       ``(13) Education or financial information designed to 
     improve the financial literacy and economic literacy of 
     students or the students' parents, especially with regard to 
     student indebtedness and student assistance programs under 
     the title IV.
       ``(14) Technical assistance or services necessary for the 
     implementation of projects or activities that are described 
     in the grant application and that are approved, in advance, 
     by the Secretary, except that not more than two percent of 
     the grant amount may be used for this purpose.''.
       (c) Allotments.--
       (1) Minimum allotment.--Subsection (d) of section 324 (20 
     U.S.C. 1063(d)) is amended to read as follows:
       ``(d) Minimum Allotment.--(1) If an otherwise eligible part 
     B institution did not enroll any Pell Grant recipients, or 
     did not graduate any students in the previous academic year, 
     or where appropriate, send any such graduates on to graduate 
     or first-professional degree study, the institution shall not 
     receive a grant under this part.
       ``(2) If the data provided by an eligible institution, 
     pursuant to this section, is insufficient to justify an award 
     in excess of $500,000, the otherwise eligible institution 
     shall receive an allotment of $500,000, except that the 
     Secretary shall not make an award of $500,000 if the amount 
     determined based upon the formulas using subsection (b), (c), 
     and (d) would be less than $250,000. If the amount determined 
     by the

[[Page H682]]

     formula would be less than $250,000, the Secretary shall 
     award the minimum allotment of $250,000.''.
       (2) Condition for allotments.--Section 324 (20 U.S.C. 1063) 
     is further amended by adding at the end the following new 
     subsection:
       ``(h) Conditions for Allotments.--No institution shall 
     receive an allotment under this section unless the 
     institution provides data, required by the Secretary 
     consistent with the formula in subsections (a) through (c), 
     including the number of Pell Grant recipients enrolled in the 
     previous award year; the number of students who earned an 
     associate or baccalaureate degree in the previous academic 
     year; and, when appropriate, the percentage of graduates who, 
     within the past five years, enrolled in a graduate or first-
     professional degree program. No institution shall receive an 
     allotment, including the minimum allotment under subsection 
     (d), unless the institution provides the data required of 
     that institution by the Secretary.''.
       (d) Professional or Graduate Institutions.--
       (1) Duration of grant.--Section 326(b) (20 U.S.C. 1063b(b)) 
     is amended by adding at the end the following new sentence: 
     ``Any funds awarded for such five-year grant period that are 
     obligated during such five-year period may be expended during 
     the 10-year period beginning on the first day of such five-
     year period.''.
       (2) Authorized activities.--Section 326(c) (20 U.S.C. 
     1063b(c)) is amended--
       (A) by striking ``and'' at the end of paragraph (6);
       (B) by striking the period at the end of paragraph (7) and 
     inserting a semicolon; and
       (C) by adding at the end the following new paragraphs:
       ``(8) acquisition of real property in connection with the 
     construction, renovation, or addition to or improvement of 
     campus facilities;
       ``(9) education or financial information designed to 
     improve the financial literacy and economic literacy of 
     students or the students' parents, especially with regard to 
     student indebtedness and student assistance programs under 
     the title IV; and
       ``(10) technical assistance or services necessary for the 
     implementation of projects or activities that are described 
     in the grant application and that are approved, in advance, 
     by the Secretary, except that not more than two percent of 
     the grant amount may be used for this purpose.''.
       (3) Eligibility.--Section 326(e)(1) (20 U.S.C. 1063b(e)(1)) 
     is amended--
       (A) by striking ``and'' at the end of subparagraph (Q);
       (B) by striking the period at the end of subparagraph (R) 
     and inserting a semicolon; and
       (C) by adding at the end the following new subparagraphs:
       ``(S) Alabama State University qualified graduate programs;
       ``(T) Bowie State University qualified graduate programs;
       ``(U) Delaware State University qualified graduate 
     programs;
       ``(V) Langston University qualified graduate programs;
       ``(W) Prairie View A University qualified graduate 
     programs; and
       ``(X) University of the District of Columbia David A. 
     Clarke School of Law.''.
       (4) Conforming amendment.--Section 326(e)(3) (20 U.S.C. 
     1063b(e)(3)) is amended--
       (A) by striking ``1998'' and inserting ``2008''; and
       (B) by striking ``(Q) and (R)'' and inserting ``(S) through 
     (X)''.
       (5) Preservation of funding.--Section 326(f) (20 U.S.C. 
     1063b(f)) is amended--
       (A) in paragraph (1)--
       (i) by striking ``$26,600,000'' and inserting 
     ``$54,500,000''; and
       (ii) by striking ``(P)'' and inserting ``(R)'';
       (B) in paragraph (2)--
       (i) by striking ``$26,600,000, but not in excess of 
     $28,600,000'' and inserting ``$54,500,000, but not in excess 
     of $60,500,000''; and
       (ii) by striking ``subparagraphs (Q) and (R)'' and 
     inserting ``subparagraphs (S) through (X)''; and
       (C) in paragraph (3)--
       (i) by striking ``$28,600,000'' and inserting 
     ``$60,500,000''; and
       (ii) by striking ``(R)'' and inserting ``(X)''.
       (e) Unexpended Funds.--Section 327(b) (20 U.S.C. 1063c(b)) 
     is amended to read as follows:
       ``(b) Use of Unexpended Funds.--Any funds paid to an 
     institution and not expended or used for the purposes for 
     which the funds were paid during the five-year period 
     following the date of the initial grant award, may be carried 
     over and expended during the succeeding five-year period, if 
     such funds were obligated for a purpose for which the funds 
     were paid during the five-year period following the date of 
     the initial grant award.''.

     SEC. 307. ENDOWMENT CHALLENGE GRANTS.

       (a) Amounts.--Section 331(b) (20 U.S.C. 1065(b)) is 
     amended--
       (1) in paragraph (2)(B)(i), by striking ``$500,000'' and 
     inserting ``$1,000,000''; and
       (2) in paragraph (5), by striking ``$50,000'' and inserting 
     ``$100,000''.
       (b) Technical Assistance.--Section 331 (20 U.S.C. 1065) is 
     further amended by adding at the end the following new 
     subsection:
       ``(l) Technical Assistance.--The Secretary, directly or by 
     grant or contract, may provide technical assistance to 
     eligible institutions to prepare the institutions to qualify, 
     apply for, and maintain a grant, under this section.''.

     SEC. 308. LIMITATIONS ON FEDERAL INSURANCE FOR BONDS ISSUED 
                   BY THE DESIGNATED BONDING AUTHORITY.

        Section 344(a) (20 U.S.C. 1066c(a)) is amended--
       (1) by striking ``$375,000,000'' and inserting 
     ``$1,100,000,000'';
       (2) by striking ``$250,000,000'' and inserting 
     ``$733,333,333''; and
       (3) by striking ``$125,000,000'' and inserting 
     ``$366,666,666''.

     SEC. 309. PROGRAMS IN STEM FIELDS.

       (a) YES Partnerships; Entry Into STEM Fields.--Part E of 
     title III (20 U.S.C.1067 et seq.) is amended--
       (1) by redesignating subpart 2 as subpart 3; and
       (2) by inserting after subpart 1 the following new subpart:

                  ``Subpart 2--Programs in STEM Fields

     ``SEC. 355. YES PARTNERSHIPS GRANT PROGRAM.

       ``(a) Grant Program Authorized.--Subject to the 
     availability of appropriations to carry out this subpart, the 
     Secretary shall make grants to eligible partnerships (as 
     described in subsection (f)) to support underrepresented 
     minority youth engagement in science, technology, 
     engineering, and mathematics through outreach and hands-on, 
     experiential-based learning projects that encourage 
     underrepresented minority students in kindergarten through 
     grade 12 to pursue careers in science, technology, 
     engineering, and mathematics.
       ``(b) Minimum Grant Amount.--A grant awarded to a 
     partnership under this subpart shall be for an amount that is 
     not less than $500,000.
       ``(c) Duration.--A grant awarded under this subpart shall 
     be for a period of 5 years.
       ``(d) Non-Federal Matching Share Required.--A partnership 
     receiving a grant under this subpart shall provide, from non-
     Federal sources, in cash or in kind, an amount equal to 50 
     percent of the costs of the project supported by such grant.
       ``(e) Distribution of Grants.--In awarding grants under 
     this subpart, the Secretary shall ensure that, to the maximum 
     extent practicable, the projects funded under this subpart 
     are located in diverse geographic regions of the United 
     States.
       ``(f) Eligible Partnerships.--Notwithstanding the general 
     eligibility provision in section 361, eligibility to receive 
     grants under this subpart is limited to partnerships 
     described in paragraph (5) of such section.

     ``SEC. 356. PROMOTION OF ENTRY INTO STEM FIELDS.

       ``(a) Authority To Contract, Subject to Appropriations.--
     The Secretary of Education is authorized to enter into a 
     contract with a firm with a demonstrated record of success in 
     advertising to implement a campaign to expand the population 
     of qualified individuals in science, technology, engineering, 
     and math (STEM) fields by encouraging young Americans to 
     enter the those fields.
       ``(b) Design of Campaign.--Such a campaign shall be 
     designed to enhance the image of education and professions in 
     the STEM fields and promote participation in the STEM fields 
     and shall include--
       ``(1) monitoring trends in youth attitudes toward pursuing 
     education and professions in the STEM fields and their 
     propensity toward entering the STEM fields;
       ``(2) determining what factors contribute to encouraging 
     and discouraging Americans from pursuing study in STEM fields 
     and entering the STEM fields professionally;
       ``(3) determining what specific factors limit the 
     participation of groups currently underrepresented in STEM 
     fields, including Latinos, African-Americans, and women; and
       ``(4) drawing from the market research performed under this 
     section and implementing an advertising campaign to encourage 
     young Americans to take up studies in STEM fields, beginning 
     at an early age.
       ``(c) Required Components.--Such a campaign shall include 
     components that focus tailored messages on appropriate age 
     groups, starting with elementary school students. Such a 
     campaign shall link participation in the STEM fields to the 
     concept of service to one's country, so that young people 
     will be encouraged to enter the STEM fields in order fulfill 
     the obligation to be of service to their country.
       ``(d) Priority.--Such a campaign shall hold as a high 
     priority making specific appeals to Latinos, African-
     Americans, and women, who are currently under-represented in 
     the STEM fields, in order to increase their numbers in the 
     STEM fields, and shall tailor recruitment efforts to each 
     specific group.
       ``(e) Use of Variety of Media.--Such a campaign shall make 
     use of a variety of media, with an emphasis on television 
     advertising, to reach its intended audience.
       ``(f) Teaching.--Such a campaign shall include a narrowly 
     focused effort to attract current professionals in the STEM 
     fields, through advertising in mediums likely to reach that 
     specific group, into teaching in a STEM field in elementary 
     and secondary school.

     ``SEC. 357. EVALUATION AND ACCOUNTABILITY PLAN.

       ``The Secretary shall develop an evaluation and 
     accountability plan for projects funded under this subpart to 
     objectively measure the impact of such projects, including a 
     measure of whether underrepresented minority student 
     enrollment in courses related to science, technology, 
     engineering, and mathematics increases at the secondary and 
     postsecondary levels.''.
       (b) Eligibility for Grants.--Section 361 (20 U.S.C. 1067g) 
     is amended--
       (1) by striking ``or'' at the end of paragraph (3);
       (2) in paragraph (4)--
       (A) by inserting ``to include public institutions of higher 
     education'' after ``organizations,'';
       (B) by striking ``or'' at the end of subparagraph (D);
       (C) by striking the period at the end of subparagraph (E) 
     and inserting ``; or'';
       (D) by adding at the end the following new subparagraph:

[[Page H683]]

       ``(F) institutions of higher education which have State-
     approved centers for research in science, technology, 
     engineering, and mathematics; or'';
       (3) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
       ``(5) only with respect to grants under subpart 2, 
     partnerships of organizations, the membership of which shall 
     include--
       ``(A) at least one institution of higher education eligible 
     for assistance under this title or title V;
       ``(B) at least one high need local educational agency (as 
     defined in section 200); and
       ``(C) at least two community organizations or entities, 
     such as businesses, professional associations, community-
     based organizations, philanthropic organizations, or State 
     agencies.''.

     SEC. 310. TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE.

       Section 391 (20 U.S.C. 1068) is amended by adding at the 
     end the following new subsection:
       ``(e) Technical Assistance.--The Secretary, directly or by 
     grant or contract, may provide technical assistance to 
     eligible institutions to prepare the institutions to qualify, 
     apply for, and maintain a grant, under this title.''.

     SEC. 311. WAIVER AUTHORITY.

       (a) Section 392 (20 U.S.C. 1068a) is amended by adding at 
     the end the following new subsection:
       ``(c) Waiver Authority With Respect to Institutions Located 
     in an Area Affected by a Gulf Hurricane Disaster.--
       ``(1) Waiver authority.--Notwithstanding any other 
     provision of the law unless enacted with specific reference 
     to this section, for any affected institution that was 
     receiving assistance under this title at the time of a Gulf 
     hurricane disaster, the Secretary shall, for each of the 
     fiscal years 2009 through 2013--
       ``(A) waive--
       ``(i) the eligibility data requirements set forth in 
     section 391(d);
       ``(ii) the wait-out period set forth in section 313(d);
       ``(iii) the allotment requirements under section 324; and
       ``(iv) the use of the funding formula developed pursuant to 
     section 326(f)(3); and
       ``(B) waive or modify any statutory or regulatory provision 
     to ensure that affected institutions that were receiving 
     assistance under this title at the time of a Gulf hurricane 
     disaster are not adversely impacted by any formula 
     calculation for fiscal year 2009 or for any of the 4 
     succeeding fiscal years;
       ``(C) make available to each affected institution an amount 
     that is not less than the amount made available to such 
     institution under this title for fiscal year 2006.
       ``(2) Definitions.--In this subsection:
       ``(A) Affected institution.--The term `affected 
     institution' means an institution of higher education that--
       ``(i) is--

       ``(I) a part A institution, as such term is defined in 
     section 312(b);
       ``(II) an American Indian Tribal College or University, as 
     such term is defined in section 316(b);
       ``(III) an Alaskan Native-serving institution or Native 
     Hawaiian-serving institution, as such terms are defined in 
     section 317(b); or
       ``(IV) a part B institution, as such term is defined in 
     section 322(2), or as identified in section 326(e) of such 
     Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 1063(b));

       ``(ii) is located in an area affected by a Gulf hurricane 
     disaster; and
       ``(iii) is able to demonstrate that, as a result of the 
     impact of a Gulf hurricane disaster, the institution--

       ``(I) incurred physical damage;
       ``(II) has pursued collateral source compensation from 
     insurance, the Federal Emergency Management Agency, and the 
     Small Business Administration, as appropriate; and
       ``(III) was not able to fully reopen in existing facilities 
     or to fully reopen to the pre-hurricane enrollment levels 
     during the 30-day period beginning on August 29, 2005.

       ``(B) Area affected by a gulf hurricane disaster; gulf 
     hurricane disaster.--The terms `area affected by a Gulf 
     hurricane disaster' and `Gulf hurricane disaster' have the 
     meanings given such terms in section 209 of the Higher 
     Education Hurricane Relief Act of 2005 (Public Law 109-148, 
     119 Stat. 2809).''.

     SEC. 312. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

       (a) Authorizations.--Section 399(a) (20 U.S.C. 1068h(a)) is 
     amended to read as follows:
       ``(a) Authorizations.--
       ``(1) Part a.--(A) There are authorized to be appropriated 
     to carry out part A, $150,000,000 (other than sections 316 
     through 320) for fiscal year 2009, and such sums as may be 
     necessary for each of the 4 succeeding fiscal years.
       ``(B) There are authorized to be appropriated to carry out 
     section 316, $30,000,000 for fiscal year 2009 and such sums 
     as may be necessary for each of the 4 succeeding fiscal 
     years.
       ``(C) There are authorized to be appropriated to carry out 
     section 317, $15,000,000 for fiscal year 2009 and such sums 
     as may be necessary for each of the 4 succeeding fiscal 
     years.
       ``(D) There are authorized to be appropriated to carry out 
     section 318, $75,000,000 for fiscal year 2009 and such sums 
     as may be necessary for each of the 4 succeeding fiscal 
     years.
       ``(E) There are authorized to be appropriated to carry out 
     section 319, $30,000,000 for fiscal year 2009 and such sums 
     as may be necessary for each of the 4 succeeding fiscal 
     years.
       ``(F) There are authorized to be appropriated to carry out 
     section 320, $25,000,000 for fiscal year 2009 and such sums 
     as may be necessary for each of the 4 succeeding fiscal 
     years.
       ``(2) Part b.--(A) There are authorized to be appropriated 
     to carry out part B (other than section 326), $300,000,000 
     for fiscal year 2009, and such sums as may be necessary for 
     each of the 4 succeeding fiscal years.
       ``(B) There are authorized to be appropriated to carry out 
     section 326, $100,000,000 for fiscal year 2009, and such sums 
     as may be necessary for each of the 4 succeeding fiscal 
     years.
       ``(3) Part c.--There are authorized to be appropriated to 
     carry out part C, $20,000,000 for fiscal year 2009, and such 
     sums as may be necessary for each of the 4 succeeding fiscal 
     years.
       ``(4) Part d.--(A) There are authorized to be appropriated 
     to carry out part D (other than section 345(7), but including 
     section 347), $150,000 for fiscal year 2009, and such sums as 
     may be necessary for each of the 4 succeeding fiscal years.
       ``(B) There are authorized to be appropriated to carry out 
     section 345(7), such sums as may be necessary for fiscal year 
     2009 and each of the 4 succeeding fiscal years.
       ``(5) Part e.--(A) There are authorized to be appropriated 
     to carry out subpart 1 of part E, $12,000,000 for fiscal year 
     2009 and such sums as may be necessary for each of the 4 
     succeeding fiscal years.
       ``(B) There are authorized to be appropriated to carry out 
     subpart 2 of part E, $10,000,000 for fiscal year 2009 and 
     such sums as may be necessary for each of the 4 succeeding 
     fiscal years.''.
       (b) Minimum Grant Amount.--Section 399 (20 U.S.C. 1068h) is 
     amended by adding at the end the following:
       ``(c) Minimum Grant Amount.--The minimum amount of a grant 
     under this title shall be $200,000.''.

     SEC. 313. TECHNICAL CORRECTIONS.

       (a) Amendments.--Title III (20 U.S.C. 1051 et seq.) is 
     further amended--
       (1) in section 342(5)(C) (20 U.S.C. 1066a(5)(C)), by 
     striking ``,,'' and inserting ``,'';
       (2) in section 343(e) (20 U.S.C. 1066b(e)), by inserting 
     ``Sale of Qualified Bonds.--'' before ``Notwithstanding'';
       (3) in the matter preceding clause (i) of section 365(9)(A) 
     (20 U.S.C. 1067k(9)(A)), by striking ``support'' and 
     inserting ``supports'';
       (4) in section 391(b)(7)(E) (20 U.S.C. 1068(b)(7)(E)), by 
     striking ``subparagraph (E)'' and inserting ``subparagraph 
     (D)'';
       (5) in the matter preceding subparagraph (A) of section 
     392(b)(2) (20 U.S.C. 1068a(b)(2)), by striking ``eligible 
     institutions under part A institutions'' and inserting 
     ``eligible institutions under part A''; and
       (6) in the matter preceding paragraph (1) of section 396 
     (20 U.S.C. 1068e), by striking ``360'' and inserting ``399''.
       (b) Redesignation and Relocation.--The Higher Education Act 
     of 1965 is further amended--
       (1) by redesignating part J of title IV (as added by 
     section 802 of the College Cost Reduction and Access Act) as 
     part G of title III, and moving such part from the end of 
     title IV to the end of title III; and
       (2) by redesignating section 499A (as added by such 
     section) as section 399A.

                     TITLE IV--TITLE IV AMENDMENTS

                       PART A--PART A AMENDMENTS

     SEC. 401. FEDERAL PELL GRANTS.

       (a) Authorized Maximums.--Section 401(b)(2)(A) (20 U.S.C. 
     1070a(b)(2)(A)) is amended to read as follows:
       ``(2)(A) The amount of the Federal Pell Grant for a student 
     eligible under this part shall be $9,000 for each of the 
     academic years 2009-2010 through 2013-2014, less an amount 
     equal to the amount determined to be the expected family 
     contribution with respect to that student for that year.''.
       (b) Multiple Grants.--
       (1) Amendment.--Paragraph (5) of section 401(b) is amended 
     to read as follows:
       ``(5) Year-round pell grants.--The Secretary shall, for 
     students enrolled in a baccalaureate degree, associate's 
     degree, or certificate program of study at an eligible 
     institution, award such students not more than two Pell 
     grants during an award year to permit such students to 
     accelerate progress toward their degree or certificate 
     objectives by enrolling in courses for more than 2 semesters, 
     or 3 quarters, or the equivalent, in a given academic 
     year.''.
       (2) Effective date.--The amendment made by paragraph (1) 
     shall be effective July 1, 2009.
       (c) Ineligibility Based on Involuntary Civil Commitment for 
     Sexual Offenses.--Paragraph (7) of section 401(b) (as 
     redesignated by section 101(a) of the College Cost Reduction 
     and Access Act) is amended by inserting before the period the 
     following: ``or who is subject to an involuntary civil 
     commitment upon completion of a period of incarceration for a 
     forcible or nonforcible sexual offense (as determined in 
     accordance with the Federal Bureau of Investigation's Uniform 
     Crime Reporting Program)''.
       (d) Technical Amendment to CCRAA.--Section 401(b)(9)(F) is 
     amended by striking ``remain available'' and all that follows 
     and inserting ``remain available for the fiscal year 
     succeeding the fiscal year for which such amounts are made 
     available.''.
       (e) Maximum Duration of Eligibility.--Section 401(c) is 
     amended by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
       ``(5) The period during which a student may receive Federal 
     Pell Grants shall not exceed the equivalent of 18 semesters 
     or 27 quarters in duration, as determined by the Secretary by 
     regulation. Such regulations shall provide, with respect to a 
     student who received a Federal Pell Grant for a semester or 
     quarter but was enrolled at a fraction of full-time, that 
     only that same fraction of such semester or quarter shall 
     count towards such duration limits. The provisions of this 
     paragraph shall apply only to a student who receives a 
     Federal Pell Grant for the first time on or after July 1, 
     2008.''.
       (f) Academic Competitiveness Grants.--Section 401A (as 
     amended by section 8003 of Public Law 109-171)--
       (1) in subsection (b), by striking ``academic'' each place 
     it appears;

[[Page H684]]

       (2) in subsection (c)--
       (A) in the matter preceding paragraph (1)--
       (i) by striking ``academic'' and inserting ``award''; and
       (ii) by striking ``full-time''; and
       (B) by amending paragraph (1) to read as follows:
       ``(1) is an eligible student under section 484, including 
     being enrolled or accepted for enrollment in a degree, 
     certificate, or other eligible program leading to a 
     recognized educational credential at an institution of higher 
     education;''; and
       (C) in paragraph (3)--
       (i) by striking ``academic'' each place it appears;
       (ii) by striking ``established by a State or local 
     educational agency and recognized as such by the Secretary'' 
     each place it appears in subparagraphs (A)(i) and (B)(i) and 
     inserting ``that prepares students for college and work 
     beyond the basic graduation requirements and that is 
     recognized as such by the designated State official, or with 
     respect to any private school or home school, the designated 
     school official for such school, consistent with State law'';
       (iii) in subparagraph (A)(ii), by inserting ``, except as 
     part of a secondary school program of study'' before the 
     semicolon;
       (iv) in subparagraph (C)--

       (I) by striking clause (i)(II) and inserting the following:
       ``(II) a critical foreign language; and''; and

       (II) in clause (ii), by striking the period at the end and 
     inserting ``; and''; and

       (v) by adding at the end the following:
       ``(D) the third or fourth year of a program of 
     undergraduate education at an institution of higher education 
     (as defined in section 101(a)) that demonstrates, to the 
     satisfaction of the Secretary, that the institution--
       ``(i) offers a single liberal arts curriculum leading to a 
     baccalaureate degree, under which students are not permitted 
     by the institution to declare a major in a particular subject 
     area, and those students--

       ``(I) study, in such years, a subject described in 
     subparagraph (C)(i) that is at least equal to the 
     requirements for an academic major at an institution of 
     higher education that offers a baccalaureate degree in such 
     subject, as certified by an appropriate official from the 
     institution; or
       ``(II) has obtained a cumulative grade point average of at 
     least 3.0 (or the equivalent as determined under regulations 
     prescribed by the Secretary) in the relevant coursework; and

       ``(ii) offered such curriculum prior to February 8, 
     2006.'';
       (3) in subsection (d)--
       (A) in paragraph (1)(A)--
       (i) in clause (i), by inserting ``for one academic year 
     during the student's first year of enrollment'' after 
     ``$750'';
       (ii) in clause (ii), by inserting ``for one academic year 
     during the student's second year of enrollment'' after 
     ``$1,300''; and
       (iii) in clause (iii)--

       (I) by inserting ``for one academic year'' after 
     ``$4,000''; and
       (II) by striking ``subsection (c)(3)(C).'' and inserting 
     ``subparagraph (C) or (D) of subsection (c)(3), for each of 
     the 2 years described in such subparagraphs; or'';

       (B) in paragraph (2)--
       (i) in subparagraph (A)--

       (I) by striking ``an academic'' and inserting ``a''; and
       (II) by striking ``(B), or (C)'' and inserting ``(B), (C), 
     or (D)''; and

       (ii) in subparagraph (B)--

       (I) by striking ``or'' at the end of clause (ii); and
       (II) by striking clause (iii) and inserting the following:

       ``(iii) two academic years under subsection (c)(3)(C); or
       ``(iv) two academic years under subsection (c)(3)(D).''; 
     and
       (C) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
       ``(3) Adjustment for less than full-time enrollment.--A 
     grant awarded under this section to an eligible student who 
     attends an eligible institution on a less than full-time (but 
     at least half-time or more) basis shall be reduced in the 
     same proportion as would a Federal Pell Grant pursuant to 
     section 401(b)(2)(B).''; and
       (4) in subsection (g), by striking ``academic'' and 
     inserting ``award''.

     SEC. 402. FEDERAL TRIO PROGRAMS.

       (a) Program Authority; Authorization of Appropriations.--
     Section 402A (20 U.S.C. 1070a-11) is amended--
       (1) in subsection (b)--
       (A) in paragraph (1)--
       (i) by inserting ``community-based organizations with 
     experience in serving disadvantaged youth'' after ``private 
     agencies and organizations''; and
       (ii) by striking ``in exceptional circumstances,'';
       (B) in paragraph (2)--
       (i) in the matter preceding subparagraph (A), by striking 
     ``4'' and inserting ``5'';
       (ii) by striking subparagraph (A); and
       (iii) by redesignating subparagraphs (B) and (C) as 
     subparagraphs (A) and (B), respectively; and
       (C) by striking paragraph (3) and inserting the following:
       ``(3) Minimum grants.--Unless the institution or agency 
     requests a smaller amount, an individual grant authorized 
     under this chapter shall be awarded in an amount that is not 
     less than $200,000, except that an individual grant 
     authorized under section 402G shall be awarded in an amount 
     that is not less than $170,000.'';
       (2) in subsection (c)--
       (A) in paragraph (2), by striking ``service delivery'' and 
     inserting ``high quality service delivery, as determined 
     under subsection (f),'';
       (B) in paragraph (3)(B), by striking ``is not required to'' 
     and inserting ``shall not'';
       (C) in paragraph (5), by striking ``campuses'' and 
     inserting ``different campuses''; and
       (D) in paragraph (6), by adding at the end the following 
     new sentence: ``The Secretary shall require each applicant 
     for funds under the programs authorized by this chapter to 
     identify services to foster care youth as a permissible 
     service in those programs, and to ensure that such youth 
     receive supportive services, including mentoring, tutoring, 
     and other services provided by those programs.'';
       (3) in subsection (e)--
       (A) by striking ``(g)(2)'' each place it appears and 
     inserting ``(h)(4)''; and
       (B) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
       ``(3) Notwithstanding this subsection and subsection 
     (i)(4), individuals who are homeless or unaccompanied youth 
     as defined in section 725 of the McKinney-Vento Homeless 
     Assistance Act shall be eligible to participate in programs 
     under sections 402B, 402C, 402D, and 402F of this chapter.'';
       (4) by redesignating subsections (f) and (g) as subsections 
     (g) and (h), respectively;
       (5) by inserting after subsection (e) the following:
       ``(f) Outcome Criteria.--
       ``(1) Use for prior experience determination.--The 
     Secretary shall use the outcome criteria described in 
     paragraphs (2) and (3) to evaluate the programs provided by a 
     recipient of a grant under this chapter, and the Secretary 
     shall determine an eligible entity's prior experience of high 
     quality service delivery, as required under subsection 
     (c)(2), based on the outcome criteria.
       ``(2) Disaggregation of relevant data.--The outcome 
     criteria under this subsection shall be disaggregated by low-
     income students, first generation college students, and 
     individuals with disabilities, in the schools and 
     institutions of higher education served by the program to be 
     evaluated.
       ``(3) Contents of outcome criteria.--The outcome criteria 
     under this subsection shall measure, annually and for longer 
     periods, the quality and effectiveness of programs authorized 
     under this chapter and shall include the following:
       ``(A) For programs authorized under section 402B, the 
     extent to which the eligible entity met or exceeded the 
     entity's objectives established in the entity's application 
     for such program regarding--
       ``(i) the delivery of service to a total number of students 
     served by the program;
       ``(ii) the continued secondary school enrollment of such 
     students;
       ``(iii) the graduation of such students from secondary 
     school;
       ``(iv) the completion by such students of a rigorous 
     secondary school program of study that will make them 
     eligible for programs such as the Academic Competitiveness 
     Grants; and
       ``(v) the enrollment of such students in an institution of 
     higher education.
       ``(B) For programs authorized under section 402C, the 
     extent to which the eligible entity met or exceeded the 
     entity's objectives for such program regarding--
       ``(i) the delivery of service to a total number of students 
     served by the program, as agreed upon by the entity and the 
     Secretary for the period;
       ``(ii) such students' school performance, as measured by 
     the grade point average, or its equivalent;
       ``(iii) such students' academic performance, as measured by 
     standardized tests, including tests required by the students' 
     State;
       ``(iv) the retention in, and graduation from, secondary 
     school of such students;
       ``(v) the completion by such students of a rigorous 
     secondary school program of study that will make them 
     eligible for programs such as the Academic Competitiveness 
     Grants; and
       ``(vi) the enrollment of such students in an institution of 
     higher education.
       ``(C) For programs authorized under section 402D--
       ``(i) the extent to which the eligible entity met or 
     exceeded the entity's objectives regarding the retention in 
     postsecondary education of the students served by the 
     program;
       ``(ii)(I) in the case of an entity that is an institution 
     of higher education offering a baccalaureate degree, the 
     extent to which the percentage of students served by the 
     program who completed degree programs met or exceeded the 
     entity's objectives; or
       ``(II) in the case of an entity that is an institution of 
     higher education that does not offer a baccalaureate degree, 
     the extent to which the students served by the entity met or 
     exceeded s objectives regarding--

       ``(aa) the completion of a degree or certificate; and
       ``(bb) the transfer to institutions of higher education 
     that offer baccalaureate degrees;

       ``(iii) the extent to which the entity met or exceeded the 
     entity's objectives regarding the delivery of service to a 
     total number of students, as agreed upon by the entity and 
     the Secretary for the period; and
       ``(iv) the extent to which the entity met or exceeded the 
     entity's objectives regarding such students remaining in good 
     academic standing.
       ``(D) For programs authorized under section 402E, the 
     extent to which the entity met or exceeded the entity's 
     objectives for such program regarding--
       ``(i) the delivery of service to a total number of 
     students, as agreed upon by the entity and the Secretary for 
     the period;
       ``(ii) the provision of appropriate scholarly and research 
     activities for the students served by the program;
       ``(iii) the acceptance and enrollment of such students in 
     graduate programs; and

[[Page H685]]

       ``(iv) the continued enrollment of such students in 
     graduate study and the attainment of doctoral degrees by 
     former program participants.
       ``(E) For programs authorized under section 402F, the 
     extent to which the entity met or exceeded the entity's 
     objectives for such program regarding--
       ``(i) the enrollment of students without a secondary school 
     diploma or its recognized equivalent, who were served by the 
     program, in programs leading to such diploma or equivalent;
       ``(ii) the enrollment of secondary school graduates who 
     were served by the program in programs of postsecondary 
     education;
       ``(iii) the delivery of service to a total number of 
     students, as agreed upon by the entity and the Secretary for 
     the period; and
       ``(iv) the provision of assistance to students served by 
     the program in completing financial aid applications and 
     college admission applications.
       ``(4) Measurement of progress.--In order to determine the 
     extent to which an outcome criterion described in paragraph 
     (2) or (3) is met or exceeded, the Secretary shall compare 
     the agreed upon target for the criterion, as established in 
     the eligible entity's application approved for funding by the 
     Secretary, with the results for the criterion, measured as of 
     the last day of the applicable time period for the 
     determination for each outcome criteria.
       ``(5) Appeals.--Upon determination by the Secretary not to 
     accept an application, or upon determination by the Secretary 
     through the peer review process as specified in (c)(4) not to 
     fund an application, for any program under this chapter, the 
     Secretary shall allow such applicant to appeal to an 
     administrative law judge that the Secretary improperly 
     rejected or improperly scored the evaluation criteria points. 
     The Secretary shall notify each entity requesting assistance 
     under this chapter regarding the status of their application 
     at least 90 days prior to the startup date of such 
     program.'';
       (6) in subsection (g) (as redesignated by paragraph (4))--
       (A) in the first sentence, by striking ``$700,000,000 for 
     fiscal year 1999'' and all that follows through the period 
     and inserting ``$950,000,000 for fiscal year 2009 and such 
     sums for each of the 4 succeeding fiscal years.''; and
       (B) by striking the fourth sentence; and
       (7) in subsection (h) (as redesignated by paragraph (4))--
       (A) by redesignating paragraphs (1) through (4) as 
     paragraphs (3) through (6), respectively;
       (B) by inserting before paragraph (3) (as redesignated by 
     subparagraph (A)) the following:
       ``(1) Different campus.--The term `different campus' means 
     a site of an institution of higher education that--
       ``(A) is geographically apart from the main campus of the 
     institution;
       ``(B) is permanent in nature; and
       ``(C) offers courses in educational programs leading to a 
     degree, certificate, or other recognized educational 
     credential.
       ``(2) Different population.--The term `different 
     population' means a group of individuals that an eligible 
     entity desires to serve through an application for a grant 
     under this chapter, and that--
       ``(A) is separate and distinct from any other population 
     that the entity has applied for a grant under this chapter to 
     serve; or
       ``(B) while sharing some of the same needs as another 
     population that the eligible entity has applied for a grant 
     under this chapter to serve, has distinct needs for 
     specialized services.'';
       (C) in paragraph (5) (as redesignated by subparagraph 
     (A))--
       (i) in subparagraph (A)--

       (I) by striking ``, any part of which occurred after 
     January 31, 1955,''; and
       (II) by striking ``or'' after the semicolon;

       (ii) in subparagraph (B)--

       (I) by striking ``after January 31, 1955,''; and
       (II) by striking the period at the end and inserting a 
     semicolon; and

       (iii) by adding at the end the following:
       ``(C) was a member of a reserve component of the Armed 
     forces called to active duty for a period of more than 180 
     days; or
       ``(D) was a member of a reserve component of the Armed 
     Forces who served on active duty in support of a contingency 
     operation (as that term is defined in section 101(a)(13) of 
     title 10, United States Code) on or after September 11, 
     2001.''; and
       (D) in paragraph (6), by striking ``subparagraph (A) or (B) 
     of paragraph (3)'' and inserting ``subparagraph (A), (B), or 
     (C) of paragraph (5)''.
       (b) Upward Bound.--Section 402C (20 U.S.C. 1070a-13) is 
     amended--
       (1) in subsection (b)(11), by inserting ``, including 
     mathematics and science preparation,'' after ``special 
     services''; and
       (2) by adding at the end the following:
       ``(f) Absolute Priority Prohibited in Upward Bound 
     Program.--Except as otherwise expressly provided by amendment 
     to this section, the Secretary shall not implement or 
     enforce, and shall rescind, the absolute priority for Upward 
     Bound Program participant selection and evaluation published 
     by the Department of Education in the Federal Register on 
     September 22, 2006 (71 Fed. Reg. 55447 et seq.).''.
       (c) Amendment to Postbaccalaureate Achievement Program.--
     Section 402E(c)(2) (20 U.S.C. 1070a-15(c)(2)) is amended by 
     inserting ``, including Native Hawaiians, as defined section 
     317(b)(3), and Pacific Islanders'' after ``graduate 
     education''.
       (d) Reports, Evaluations, and Grants for Project 
     Improvement and Dissemination.--Section 402H (20 U.S.C. 
     1070a-18) is amended--
       (1) by striking the section heading and inserting 
     ``REPORTS, EVALUATIONS, AND GRANTS FOR PROJECT IMPROVEMENT 
     AND DISSEMINATION.'';
       (2) by redesignating subsections (a) through (c) as 
     subsections (b) through (d), respectively;
       (3) by inserting before subsection (b) (as redesignated by 
     paragraph (2)) the following:
       ``(a) Reports to the Authorizing Committees.--The Secretary 
     shall submit annually to the authorizing committees a report 
     that documents the performance of all programs funded under 
     this chapter. The report shall--
       ``(1) be submitted not later than 24 months after the 
     eligible entities receiving funds under this chapter are 
     required to report their performance to the Secretary;
       ``(2) focus on the programs' performance on the relevant 
     outcome criteria determined under section 402A(f)(4);
       ``(3) aggregate individual project performance data on the 
     outcome criteria in order to provide national performance 
     data for each program;
       ``(4) include, when appropriate, descriptive data, multi-
     year data, and multi-cohort data; and
       ``(5) include comparable data on the performance nationally 
     of low-income students, first-generation students, and 
     students with disabilities.''; and
       (4) in subsection (b) (as redesignated by paragraph (2)), 
     by striking paragraph (2) and inserting the following:
       ``(2) Practices.--
       ``(A) In general.--The evaluations described in paragraph 
     (1) shall identify institutional, community, and program or 
     project practices that are particularly effective in--
       ``(i) enhancing the access of low-income individuals and 
     first-generation college students to postsecondary education;
       ``(ii) the preparation of the individuals and students for 
     postsecondary education; and
       ``(iii) fostering the success of the individuals and 
     students in postsecondary education.
       ``(B) Primary purpose.--Any evaluation conducted under this 
     chapter shall have as its primary purpose the identification 
     of particular practices that further the achievement of the 
     outcome criteria determined under section 402A(f)(4).
       ``(C) Dissemination and use of evaluation findings.--The 
     Secretary shall disseminate to eligible entities and make 
     available to the public the practices identified under 
     subparagraph (B). Such practices may be used by eligible 
     entities that receive assistance under this chapter after the 
     dissemination.
       ``(3) Recruitment.--The Secretary shall not require an 
     eligible entity desiring to receive assistance under this 
     chapter to recruit students to serve as a control group for 
     purposes of evaluating any program or project assisted under 
     this chapter.
       ``(4) Consideration.--When designing an evaluation under 
     this subsection, the Secretary shall consider--
       ``(A) the burden placed upon the program participants or 
     the eligible entity; and
       ``(B) approval by the institution's institutional review 
     board.''.

     SEC. 403. GEARUP AMENDMENTS.

       (a) Eligible Students.--Section 404A(a) (20 U.S.C. 1070a-
     21(a)) is amended--
       (1) in paragraph (1), by inserting ``, including students 
     with disabilities,'' after ``low-income students''; and
       (2) in paragraph (2)(A), by inserting ``, including 
     students with disabilities,'' after ``secondary school 
     students''.
       (b) Award Period; Priority.--Section 404A(b) (20 U.S.C. 
     1070a-21(b)) is amended by striking paragraph (2) and 
     inserting the following:
       ``(2) Award period.--The Secretary may award a grant under 
     this chapter to an eligible entity described in paragraphs 
     (1) and (2) of subsection (c) for 7 years.
       ``(3) Priority.--In making awards to eligible entities 
     described in subsection (c)(1), the Secretary shall--
       ``(A) give priority to eligible entities that--
       ``(i) on the day before the date of enactment of the 
     College Opportunity and Affordability Act of 2007, carried 
     out successful educational opportunity programs under this 
     chapter (as this chapter was in effect on such day); and
       ``(ii) have a prior, demonstrated commitment to early 
     intervention leading to college access through collaboration 
     and replication of successful strategies; and
       ``(B) ensure that students served under this chapter on the 
     day before the date of enactment of the College Opportunity 
     and Affordability Act of 2007 continue to receive assistance 
     through the completion of secondary school.''.
       (c) Requirements: Continuity of Services.--
       (1) Cohort approach.--Section 404B(g)(1) (20 U.S.C. 1070a-
     22(g)(1)) is amended--
       (A) by striking ``and'' at the end of subparagraph (A);
       (B) in subparagraph (B)--
       (i) by inserting ``and provide the option of continued 
     services through the student's first year of attendance at an 
     institution of higher education'' after ``grade level''; and
       (ii) by striking the period at the end and inserting ``; 
     and''; and
       (C) by adding at the end the following new subparagraph:
       ``(C) provide services under this chapter to students who 
     have received services under a previous GEAR UP grant award 
     but have not yet completed the 12th grade.''.
       (2) Early intervention.--Section 404D (20 U.S.C. 1070a-24) 
     is amended--
       (A) in subsection (a)(1)(B)--
       (i) by striking ``and'' at the end of clause (ii);
       (ii) by striking the period at the end of clause (iii) and 
     inserting ``; and''; and
       (iii) by adding at the end the following new clause:
       ``(iv) the transition to college or postsecondary education 
     through continuity of services to support students in and 
     through the first year of

[[Page H686]]

     attendance at an institution of higher education.'';
       (B) in subsection (b)(2)(A)--
       (i) by inserting ``and students in the first year of 
     attendance at an institution of higher education'' after 
     ``grade 12'';
       (ii) by striking ``and'' at the end of clause (i);
       (iii) by striking the period at the end of clause (ii) and 
     inserting ``; and''; and
       (iv) by adding at the end the following new clause:
       ``(iii) may include special programs or tutoring in 
     science, technology, engineering, or mathematics.''; and
       (C) in subsection (c)--
       (i) in the matter preceding paragraph (1), by striking 
     ``grade 12 who is eligible'' and inserting ``grade 12, and 
     may consider a student in the first year of attendance at an 
     institution, who is'';
       (ii) in paragraph (1), by inserting ``eligible'' before 
     ``to be counted'';
       (iii) in paragraph (2), by inserting ``eligible'' before 
     ``for free'', and by striking ``or'';
       (iv) in paragraph (3), by inserting ``eligible'' before 
     ``for assistance'', and by striking the period and inserting 
     a semicolon; and
       (v) by adding at the end the following new paragraphs:
       ``(4) in foster care; or
       ``(5) a homeless or unaccompanied youth as defined in 
     section 725 of the McKinney-Vento Homeless Assistance Act.''.
       (d) Flexibility in Meeting Matching Requirements.--Section 
     404C (20 U.S.C. 1070a-23) is amended--
       (1) in subsection (b)--
       (A) in paragraph (1)(A), by inserting ``and accrued over 
     the full duration of the grant award period'' after ``in cash 
     or in kind'';
       (B) in paragraph (2), by adding at the end the following 
     new sentence: ``Eligible entities may request a reduced match 
     percentage at the time of application or by petition 
     subsequent to a grant award, provided that an eligible entity 
     can demonstrate a change in circumstances that was unknown at 
     the time of application.''; and
       (C) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
       ``(3) Additional special rule.--To encourage eligible 
     entities described in 404A(c) to provide students under this 
     chapter with financial assistance for postsecondary 
     education, each dollar of non-Federal funds obligated under 
     subsection (c)(1) and (c)(2) shall, for purposes of paragraph 
     (1)(A) of this subsection, be treated as 2 dollars.''; and
       (2) in subsection (c)--
       (A) in paragraph (1), by striking ``paid to students from 
     State, local, institutional, or private funds under this 
     chapter'' and inserting ``obligated to students from State, 
     local, institutional, or private funds under this chapter, 
     including pre-existing , non-Federal financial assistance 
     programs'';
       (B) by striking ``and'' at the end of paragraph (2);
       (C) by striking the period at the end of paragraph (3) and 
     inserting ``; and''; and
       (D) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
       ``(4) other resources recognized by the Secretary, 
     including equipment and supplies, cash contribution from non-
     Federal sources, transportation expenses, in-kind or 
     discounted program services, indirect costs, and facility 
     usage.''.
       (e) Early Intervention.--Section 404D (20 U.S.C. 1070a-24) 
     is amended--
       (1) in subsection (b)(2)(A)(ii), by striking ``and academic 
     counseling'' and inserting ``, academic counseling, and 
     financial literacy and economic literacy education or 
     counseling'';
       (2) in subsection (b)(2), by adding at the end the 
     following new subparagraphs:
       ``(F) Fostering and improving parent and family involvement 
     in elementary and secondary education by promoting the 
     advantages of a college education, and emphasizing academic 
     admission requirements and the need to take college 
     preparation courses, through parent engagement and leadership 
     activities.
       ``(G) Engaging entities described in section 404A(c)(2)(C) 
     in a collaborative manner to provide matching resources and 
     participate in other activities authorized under this 
     section.
       ``(H) Disseminating information that promotes the 
     importance of higher education, explains college preparation 
     and admission requirements, and raises awareness of the 
     resources and services provided by the eligible entities 
     described in section 404A(c) to eligible students, their 
     families, and communities.''; and
       (3) by adding at the end of subsection (b) the following 
     new paragraph:
       ``(3) Additional permissible activities for states.--In 
     meeting the requirements of subsection (a), an eligible 
     entity described in section 404A(c) (1) receiving funds under 
     this chapter may, in addition to the activities authorized by 
     paragraph (2) of this subsection, use funds to provide 
     technical assistance to--
       ``(A) middle schools or secondary schools that are located 
     within the State; or
       ``(B) partnerships described in section 404A(c)(2) that are 
     located within the State.''.
       (f) Scholarship Component.--Section 404E (20 U.S.C. 1070a-
     25) is amended--
       (1) in subsection (a)(1), by inserting ``to supplement aid 
     for which they are regularly eligible'' after ``shall 
     establish or maintain a financial assistance program that 
     awards scholarships to students'';
       (2) in subsection (a)(2), by inserting ``to supplement aid 
     for which they are regularly eligible'' after ``An eligible 
     entity described in section 404A(c)(2) may award scholarships 
     to eligible students''; and
       (3) in subsection (b)(2), by striking ``the maximum Federal 
     Pell Grant'' and inserting ``the minimum Federal Pell 
     Grant''.
       (g) Authorization of Appropriations.--Section 404H (20 
     U.S.C. 1070a-31) is amended by striking ``$200,000,000 for 
     fiscal year 1999 and such sums as may be necessary for each 
     of the 4 succeeding fiscal years'' and inserting 
     ``$400,000,000 for fiscal year 2009 and such sums as may be 
     necessary for each of the 4 succeeding fiscal years''.

     SEC. 404. ACADEMIC ACHIEVEMENT INCENTIVE SCHOLARSHIPS.

       Chapter 3 of subpart 1 of part A of title IV (20 U.S.C. 
     1070a-31 et seq.) is repealed.

     SEC. 405. FEDERAL SUPPLEMENTAL EDUCATIONAL OPPORTUNITY 
                   GRANTS.

       (a) Authorization of Appropriations.--Section 413A(b)(1) 
     (20 U.S.C. 1070b(b)(1)) is amended by striking ``$675,000,000 
     for fiscal year 1999'' and inserting ``$875,000,000 for 
     fiscal year 2009''.
       (b) Allowance for Books and Supplies.--Section 
     413D(c)(3)(D) (20 U.S.C. 1070b-3(c)(3)(D)) is amended by 
     striking ``$450'' and inserting ``$600''.

     SEC. 406. GRANTS FOR ACCESS AND PERSISTENCE.

       (a) Authorization of Appropriations.--Section 415A(b) (20 
     U.S.C. 1070c(b)) is amended by striking paragraphs (1) and 
     (2) and inserting the following:
       ``(1) In general.--There are authorized to be appropriated 
     to carry out this subpart $200,000,000 for fiscal year 2009 
     and such sums as may be necessary for each of the 4 
     succeeding fiscal years.
       ``(2) Reservation.--For any fiscal year for which the 
     amount appropriated under paragraph (1) exceeds $30,000,000, 
     the excess amount shall be available to carry out section 
     415E.''.
       (b) Applications for Leveraging Educational Assistance 
     Partnership Programs.--Section 415C(b) (20 U.S.C. 1070c-2(b)) 
     is amended--
       (1) in paragraph (2), by striking ``$5,000'' and inserting 
     ``$12,500'';
       (2) in paragraph (9), by striking ``and'' after the 
     semicolon;
       (3) in paragraph (10), by striking the period at the end 
     and inserting ``; and''; and
       (4) by adding at the end the following:
       ``(11) provides notification to eligible students that such 
     grants are--
       ``(A) Leveraging Educational Assistance Partnership Grants; 
     and
       ``(B) funded by the Federal Government and the State.''.
       (c) Grants for Access and Persistence.--Section 415E (20 
     U.S.C. 1070c-3a) is amended to read as follows:

     ``SEC. 415E. GRANTS FOR ACCESS AND PERSISTENCE.

       ``(a) Purpose.--It is the purpose of this section to expand 
     college access and increase college persistence by making 
     allotments to States to enable the States to--
       ``(1) expand and enhance partnerships with institutions of 
     higher education, early information and intervention, 
     mentoring, or outreach programs, private corporations, 
     philanthropic organizations, and other interested parties to 
     carry out activities under this section and to provide 
     coordination and cohesion among Federal, State, and local 
     governmental and private efforts that provide financial 
     assistance to help low-income students attend college;
       ``(2) provide need-based access and persistence grants to 
     eligible low-income students;
       ``(3) provide early notification to low-income students of 
     their eligibility for financial aid; and
       ``(4) encourage increased participation in early 
     information and intervention, mentoring, or outreach 
     programs.
       ``(b) Allotments to States.--
       ``(1) In general.--
       ``(A) Authorization.--From sums reserved under section 
     415A(b)(2) for each fiscal year, the Secretary shall make an 
     allotment to each State that submits an application for an 
     allotment in accordance with subsection (c) to enable the 
     State to pay the Federal share of the cost of carrying out 
     the activities under subsection (d).
       ``(B) Determination of allotment.--In making allotments 
     under subparagraph (A), the Secretary shall consider the 
     following:
       ``(i) Continuation of award.--If a State continues to meet 
     the specifications established in its application under 
     subsection (c), the Secretary shall make an allotment to such 
     State that is not less than the allotment made to such State 
     for the previous fiscal year.
       ``(ii) Priority.--The Secretary shall give priority in 
     making allotments to States that meet the requirements under 
     paragraph (2)(B)(ii).
       ``(2) Federal share.--
       ``(A) In general.--The Federal share of the cost of 
     carrying out the activities under subsection (d) for any 
     fiscal year shall not exceed 66.66 percent.
       ``(B) Different percentages.--The Federal share under this 
     section shall be determined in accordance with the following:
       ``(i) The Federal share of the cost of carrying out the 
     activities under subsection (d) shall be equal to 57 percent 
     if a State applies for an allotment under this section in 
     partnership with any number of degree-granting institutions 
     of higher education in the State whose combined full-time 
     enrollment represents less than a majority of all students 
     attending institutions of higher education in the State, 
     and--

       ``(I) philanthropic organizations that are located in, or 
     that provide funding in, the State; or
       ``(II) private corporations that are located in, or that do 
     business in, the State.

       ``(ii) The Federal share of the cost of carrying out the 
     activities under subsection (d) shall be equal to 66.66 
     percent if a State applies for an allotment under this 
     section in partnership with any number of degree-granting 
     institutions of higher education in the State whose combined 
     full-time enrollment represents a majority of all students 
     attending institutions of higher education in the State, 
     and--

[[Page H687]]

       ``(I) philanthropic organizations that are located in, or 
     that provide funding in, the State; or
       ``(II) private corporations that are located in, or that do 
     business in, the State.

       ``(C) Non-federal share.--
       ``(i) In general.--The non-Federal share under this section 
     may be provided in cash or in kind, fairly evaluated.
       ``(ii) In kind contribution.--For the purpose of 
     calculating the non-Federal share under this subparagraph, an 
     in kind contribution is a non-cash contribution that--

       ``(I) has monetary value, such as the provision of--

       ``(aa) room and board; or
       ``(bb) transportation passes; and

       ``(II) helps a student meet the cost of attendance at an 
     institution of higher education.

       ``(iii) Effect on needs analysis.--For the purpose of 
     calculating a student's need in accordance with part F, an in 
     kind contribution described in clause (ii) shall not be 
     considered an asset or income of the student or the student's 
     parent.
       ``(c) Application for Allotment.--
       ``(1) In general.--
       ``(A) Submission.--A State that desires to receive an 
     allotment under this section shall submit an application to 
     the Secretary at such time, in such manner, and containing 
     such information as the Secretary may require.
       ``(B) Content.--An application submitted under subparagraph 
     (A) shall include the following:
       ``(i) A description of the State's plan for using the 
     allotted funds.
       ``(ii) Assurances that the State will provide matching 
     funds, in cash or in kind, from State, institutional, 
     philanthropic, or private funds, of not less than 33.33 
     percent of the cost of carrying out the activities under 
     subsection (d). The State shall specify the methods by which 
     matching funds will be paid and include provisions designed 
     to ensure that funds provided under this section will be used 
     to supplement, and not supplant, Federal and non-Federal 
     funds available for carrying out the activities under this 
     title. A State that uses non-Federal funds to create or 
     expand existing partnerships with nonprofit organizations or 
     community-based organizations in which such organizations 
     match State funds for student scholarships, may apply such 
     matching funds from such organizations toward fulfilling the 
     State's matching obligation under this clause.
       ``(iii) Assurances that early information and intervention, 
     mentoring, or outreach programs exist within the State or 
     that there is a plan to make such programs widely available.
       ``(iv) A description of the organizational structure that 
     the State has in place to administer the activities under 
     subsection (d).
       ``(v) A description of the steps the State will take to 
     ensure students who receive grants under this section persist 
     to degree completion.
       ``(vi) Assurances that the State has a method in place, 
     such as acceptance of the automatic zero expected family 
     contribution determination described in section 479(c), to 
     identify eligible low-income students and award State grant 
     aid to such students.
       ``(vii) Assurances that the State will provide notification 
     to eligible low-income students that grants under this 
     section are--

       ``(I) Leveraging Educational Assistance Partnership Grants; 
     and
       ``(II) funded by the Federal Government and the State.

       ``(2) State agency.--The State agency that submits an 
     application for a State under section 415C(a) shall be the 
     same State agency that submits an application under paragraph 
     (1) for such State.
       ``(3) Partnership.--In applying for an allotment under this 
     section, the State agency shall apply for the allotment in 
     partnership with--
       ``(A) not less than one public and one private degree-
     granting institution of higher education that are located in 
     the State;
       ``(B) new or existing early information and intervention, 
     mentoring, or outreach programs located in the State; and
       ``(C) not less than one--
       ``(i) philanthropic organization located in, or that 
     provides funding in, the State; or
       ``(ii) private corporation located in, or that does 
     business in, the State.
       ``(4) Roles of partners.--
       ``(A) State agency.--A State agency that is in a 
     partnership receiving an allotment under this section--
       ``(i) shall--

       ``(I) serve as the primary administrative unit for the 
     partnership;
       ``(II) provide or coordinate matching funds, and coordinate 
     activities among partners;
       ``(III) encourage each institution of higher education in 
     the State to participate in the partnership;
       ``(IV) make determinations and early notifications of 
     assistance as described under subsection (d)(2); and
       ``(V) annually report to the Secretary on the partnership's 
     progress in meeting the purpose of this section; and

       ``(ii) may provide early information and intervention, 
     mentoring, or outreach programs.
       ``(B) Degree-granting institutions of higher education.--A 
     degree-granting institution of higher education (as defined 
     in section 102) that is in a partnership receiving an 
     allotment under this section--
       ``(i) shall--

       ``(I) recruit and admit participating qualified students 
     and provide such additional institutional grant aid to 
     participating students as agreed to with the State agency;
       ``(II) provide support services to students who receive an 
     access and persistence grant under this section and are 
     enrolled at such institution; and
       ``(III) assist the State in the identification of eligible 
     students and the dissemination of early notifications of 
     assistance as agreed to with the State agency; and

       ``(ii) may provide funding for early information and 
     intervention, mentoring, or outreach programs or provide such 
     services directly.
       ``(C) Programs.--An early information and intervention, 
     mentoring, or outreach program that is in a partnership 
     receiving an allotment under this section shall provide 
     direct services, support, and information to participating 
     students.
       ``(D) Philanthropic organization or private corporation.--A 
     philanthropic organization or private corporation that is in 
     a partnership receiving an allotment under this section shall 
     provide funds for access and persistence grants for 
     participating students, or provide funds or support for early 
     information and intervention, mentoring, or outreach 
     programs.
       ``(d) Authorized Activities.--
       ``(1) In general.--
       ``(A) Establishment of partnership.--Each State receiving 
     an allotment under this section shall use the funds to 
     establish a partnership to award access and persistence 
     grants to eligible low-income students in order to increase 
     the amount of financial assistance such students receive 
     under this subpart for undergraduate education expenses.
       ``(B) Amount.--
       ``(i) Partnerships with institutions serving less than a 
     majority of students in the state.--

       ``(I) In general.--In the case where a State receiving an 
     allotment under this section is in a partnership described in 
     subsection (b)(2)(B)(i), the amount of an access and 
     persistence grant awarded by such State shall be not less 
     than the amount that is equal to the average undergraduate 
     tuition and mandatory fees at 4-year public institutions of 
     higher education in the State where the student resides (less 
     any other Federal or State sponsored grant amount, college 
     work study amount, and scholarship amount received by the 
     student) and such amount shall be used toward the cost of 
     attendance at an institution of higher education, located in 
     the State, that is a partner in the partnership.
       ``(II) Cost of attendance.--A State that has a program, 
     apart from the partnership under this section, of providing 
     eligible low-income students with grants that are equal to 
     the average undergraduate tuition and mandatory fees at 4-
     year public institutions of higher education in the State, 
     may increase the amount of access and persistence grants 
     awarded by such State up to an amount that is equal to the 
     average cost of attendance at 4-year public institutions of 
     higher education in the State (less any other Federal or 
     State sponsored grant amount, college work study amount, and 
     scholarship amount received by the student).

       ``(ii) Partnership with institutions serving the majority 
     of students in the state.--In the case where a State 
     receiving an allotment under this section is in a partnership 
     described in subsection (b)(2)(B)(ii), the amount of an 
     access and persistence grant awarded by such State shall be 
     not less than the average cost of attendance at 4-year public 
     institutions of higher education in the State where the 
     student resides (less any other Federal or State sponsored 
     grant amount, college work study amount, and scholarship 
     amount received by the student) and such amount shall be used 
     by the student to attend an institution of higher education, 
     located in the State, that is a partner in the partnership.
       ``(2) Early notification.--
       ``(A) In general.--Each State receiving an allotment under 
     this section shall annually notify low-income students (such 
     as students who are eligible to receive a free lunch under 
     the school lunch program established under the Richard B. 
     Russell National School Lunch Act (42 U.S.C. 1751 et seq.)) 
     in grade 7 through grade 12 in the State, and their families, 
     of their potential eligibility for student financial 
     assistance, including an access and persistence grant, to 
     attend an institution of higher education.
       ``(B) Content of notice.--The notification under 
     subparagraph (A)--
       ``(i) shall include--

       ``(I) information about early information and intervention, 
     mentoring, or outreach programs available to the student;
       ``(II) information that a student's candidacy for an access 
     and persistence grant is enhanced through participation in an 
     early information and intervention, mentoring, or outreach 
     program;
       ``(III) an explanation that student and family eligibility 
     and participation in other Federal means-tested programs may 
     indicate eligibility for an access and persistence grant and 
     other student aid programs;
       ``(IV) a nonbinding estimation of the total amount of 
     financial aid a low-income student with a similar income 
     level may expect to receive, including an estimation of the 
     amount of an access and persistence grant and an estimation 
     of the amount of grants, loans, and all other available types 
     of aid from the major Federal and State financial aid 
     programs;
       ``(V) an explanation that in order to be eligible for an 
     access and persistence grant, at a minimum, a student shall 
     meet the requirement under paragraph (3), graduate from 
     secondary school, and enroll at an institution of higher 
     education that is a partner in the partnership;
       ``(VI) information on any additional requirements (such as 
     a student pledge detailing student responsibilities) that the 
     State may impose for receipt of an access and persistence 
     grant under this section; and
       ``(VII) instructions on how to apply for an access and 
     persistence grant and an explanation that a student is 
     required to file a Free Application for Federal Student Aid 
     authorized under section 483(a) to be eligible for such grant 
     and assistance from other Federal and State financial aid 
     programs; and

[[Page H688]]

       ``(ii) may include a disclaimer that access and persistence 
     grant awards are contingent upon--

       ``(I) a determination of the student's financial 
     eligibility at the time of the student's enrollment at an 
     institution of higher education that is a partner in the 
     partnership;
       ``(II) annual Federal and State appropriations; and
       ``(III) other aid received by the student at the time of 
     the student's enrollment at an institution of higher 
     education that is a partner in the partnership.

       ``(3) Eligibility.--In determining which students are 
     eligible to receive access and persistence grants, the State 
     shall ensure that each such student complies with the 
     following subparagraph (A) or (B):
       ``(A) Meets not less than 2 of the following criteria, with 
     priority given to students meeting all of the following 
     criteria:
       ``(i) Has an expected family contribution equal to zero (as 
     described in section 479) or a comparable alternative based 
     upon the State's approved criteria in section 415C(b)(4).
       ``(ii) Has qualified for a free lunch, or at the State's 
     discretion a reduced price lunch, under the school lunch 
     program established under the Richard B. Russell National 
     School Lunch Act.
       ``(iii) Qualifies for the State's maximum undergraduate 
     award, as authorized under section 415C(b).
       ``(iv) Is participating in, or has participated in, a 
     Federal, State, institutional, or community early information 
     and intervention, mentoring, or outreach program, as 
     recognized by the State agency administering activities under 
     this section.
       ``(B) Is receiving, or has received, an access and 
     persistence grant under this section, in accordance with 
     paragraph (5).
       ``(4) Grant award.--Once a student, including a student who 
     has received early notification under paragraph (2) from the 
     State, applies for admission to an institution that is a 
     partner in the partnership, files a Free Application for 
     Federal Student Aid and any related State form, and is 
     determined to be eligible by the State under paragraph (3), 
     the State shall--
       ``(A) issue the student a preliminary access and 
     persistence grant award certificate with tentative award 
     amounts; and
       ``(B) inform the student that payment of the access and 
     persistence grant award amounts is subject to certification 
     of enrollment and award eligibility by the institution of 
     higher education.
       ``(5) Duration of award.--An eligible student that receives 
     an access and persistence grant under this section shall 
     receive such grant award for each year of such student's 
     undergraduate education in which the student remains eligible 
     for assistance under this title, including pursuant to 
     section 484(c), and remains financially eligible as 
     determined by the State, except that the State may impose 
     reasonable time limits to baccalaureate degree completion.
       ``(e) Administrative Cost Allowance.--A State that receives 
     an allotment under this section may reserve not more than 3.5 
     percent of the funds made available annually through the 
     allotment for State administrative functions required to 
     carry out this section.
       ``(f) Statutory and Regulatory Relief for Institutions of 
     Higher Education.--The Secretary may grant, upon the request 
     of an institution of higher education that is in a 
     partnership described in subsection (b)(2)(B)(ii) and that 
     receives an allotment under this section, a waiver for such 
     institution from statutory or regulatory requirements that 
     inhibit the ability of the institution to successfully and 
     efficiently participate in the activities of the partnership.
       ``(g) Applicability Rule.--The provisions of this subpart 
     which are not inconsistent with this section shall apply to 
     the program authorized by this section.
       ``(h) Maintenance of Effort Requirement.--Each State 
     receiving an allotment under this section for a fiscal year 
     shall provide the Secretary an assurance that the aggregate 
     amount expended per student or the aggregate expenditures by 
     the State, from funds derived from non-Federal sources, for 
     the authorized activities described in subsection (d) for the 
     preceding fiscal year were not less than the amount expended 
     per student or the aggregate expenditure by the State for 
     such activities for the second preceding fiscal year.
       ``(i) Special Rule.--Notwithstanding subsection (h), for 
     purposes of determining a State's share of the cost of the 
     authorized activities described in subsection (d), the State 
     shall consider only those expenditures from non-Federal 
     sources that exceed its total expenditures for need-based 
     grants, scholarships, and work-study assistance for fiscal 
     year 1999 (including any such assistance provided under this 
     subpart).
       ``(j) Reports.--Not later than 3 years after the date of 
     enactment of the College Opportunity and Affordability Act of 
     2007, and annually thereafter, the Secretary shall submit a 
     report describing the activities and the impact of the 
     partnerships under this section to the authorizing 
     committees.''.
       (d) Continuation and Transition.--During the 2-year period 
     commencing on the date of enactment of this Act, the 
     Secretary shall continue to award grants under section 415E 
     of the Higher Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 1070c-3a), as 
     such section existed on the day before the date of enactment 
     of this Act, to States that choose to apply for grants under 
     such predecessor section.
       (e) Implementation and Evaluation.--Section 491(j) (20 
     U.S.C. 1098(j)) is amended--
       (1) in paragraph (4), by striking ``and'' after the 
     semicolon;
       (2) by redesignating paragraph (5) as paragraph (6); and
       (3) by inserting after paragraph (4) the following:
       ``(5) not later than 6 months after the date of enactment 
     of the College Opportunity and Affordability Act of 2007, 
     advise the Secretary on means to implement the activities 
     under section 415E, and the Advisory Committee shall continue 
     to monitor, evaluate, and make recommendations on the 
     progress of partnerships that receive allotments under such 
     section; and''.

     SEC. 407. SPECIAL PROGRAMS FOR STUDENTS WHOSE FAMILIES ARE 
                   ENGAGED IN MIGRANT AND SEASONAL FARMWORK.

       Section 418A (20 U.S.C. 1070d-2) is amended--
       (1) in subsection (b)--
       (A) in paragraph (1)(B)(i), by striking ``parents'' and 
     inserting ``immediate family'';
       (B) in paragraph (3)(B), by inserting ``(including 
     preparation for college entrance examinations)'' after 
     ``college program'';
       (C) in paragraph (5), by striking ``weekly'';
       (D) in paragraph (7), by striking ``and'' after the 
     semicolon;
       (E) in paragraph (8)--
       (i) by inserting ``(such as transportation and child 
     care)'' after ``services''; and
       (ii) by striking the period at the end and inserting ``; 
     and''; and
       (F) by adding at the end the following:
       ``(9) other activities to improve persistence and retention 
     in postsecondary education.'';
       (2) in subsection (c)--
       (A) in paragraph (1)--
       (i) in subparagraph (A), by striking ``parents'' and 
     inserting ``immediate family''; and
       (ii) in subparagraph (B)--

       (I) in the matter preceding clause (i), by inserting ``to 
     improve placement, persistence, and retention in 
     postsecondary education,'' after ``services''; and
       (II) in clause (i), by striking ``and career'' and 
     inserting ``career, and economic education or personal 
     finance'';

       (iii) in subparagraph (E), by striking ``and'' after the 
     semicolon;
       (iv) by redesignating subparagraph (F) as subparagraph (G);
       (v) by inserting after subparagraph (E) the following:
       ``(F) internships; and''; and
       (vi) in subparagraph (G) (as redesignated by clause (iv)), 
     by striking ``support services'' and inserting ``essential 
     supportive services (such as transportation and child 
     care)''; and
       (B) in paragraph (2)--
       (i) in subparagraph (A), by striking ``and'' after the 
     semicolon;
       (ii) in subparagraph (B), by striking the period at the end 
     and inserting ``, and coordinating such services, assistance, 
     and aid with other non-program services, assistance, and aid, 
     including services, assistance, and aid provided by 
     community-based organizations, which may include mentoring 
     and guidance; and''; and
       (iii) by adding at the end the following:
       ``(C) for students attending 2-year institutions of higher 
     education, encouraging the students to transfer to 4-year 
     institutions of higher education, where appropriate, and 
     monitoring the rate of transfer of such students.'';
       (3) in subsection (e), by striking ``section 402A(c)(1)'' 
     and inserting ``section 402A(c)(2)'';
       (4) in subsection (f)--
       (A) in paragraph (1), by striking ``$150,000'' and 
     inserting ``$180,000''; and
       (B) in paragraph (2), by striking ``$150,000'' and 
     inserting ``$180,000'';
       (5) by redesignating subsections (g) and (h) as subsections 
     (h) and (i), respectively;
       (6) by inserting after subsection (f) the following:
       ``(g) Reservation of Funds.--From the amounts made 
     available under subsection (i), the Secretary may reserve not 
     more than a total of \1/2\ of 1 percent for outreach 
     activities, technical assistance, and professional 
     development programs relating to the programs under 
     subsection (a).'';
       (7) by striking subsection (h) (as redesignated by 
     paragraph (5)) and inserting the following:
       ``(h) Data Collection.--The Commissioner for Education 
     Statistics shall--
       ``(1) annually collect data on persons receiving services 
     authorized under this subpart regarding such persons rates of 
     secondary school graduation, entrance into postsecondary 
     education, and completion of postsecondary education;
       ``(2) not less often than once every 2 years, prepare and 
     submit to the authorizing committees a report based on the 
     most recently available data under paragraph (1) to the 
     authorizing committees; and
       ``(3) make such report available to the public.''; and
       (8) in subsection (i) (as redesignated by paragraph (5))--
       (A) in paragraph (1), by striking ``$15,000,000 for fiscal 
     year 1999'' and all that follows through the period and 
     inserting ``such sums as may be necessary for fiscal year 
     2009 and each of the 4 succeeding fiscal years.''; and
       (B) in paragraph (2), by striking ``$5,000,000 for fiscal 
     year 1999'' and all that follows through the period and 
     inserting ``such sums for fiscal year 2009 and each of the 4 
     succeeding fiscal years.''.

     SEC. 408. ROBERT C. BYRD HONORS SCHOLARSHIP PROGRAM.

       Subpart 6 of part A of title IV is amended to read as 
     follows:

      ``Subpart 6--Robert C. Byrd American Competitiveness Program

     ``SEC. 419A. ROBERT C. BYRD MATHEMATICS AND SCIENCE HONORS 
                   SCHOLARSHIP PROGRAM.

       ``(a) Purpose.--The purpose of this section is to award 
     scholarships to students who are enrolled in studies leading 
     to baccalaureate and advanced degrees in physical, life, or 
     computer sciences, mathematics, or engineering.
       ``(b) Definitions.--As used in this section--

[[Page H689]]

       ``(1) the term `computer science' means the branch of 
     knowledge or study of computers, including such fields of 
     knowledge or study as computer hardware, computer software, 
     computer engineering, information systems, and robotics;
       ``(2) the term `eligible student' means a student who--
       ``(A) is a citizen of the United States;
       ``(B) is selected by the managing agent to receive a 
     scholarship;
       ``(C) is enrolled full-time in an institution of higher 
     education, other than a United States service academy; and
       ``(D) has shown a commitment to and is pursuing a major in 
     studies leading to a baccalaureate, masters, or doctoral 
     degree (or a combination thereof) in physical, life, or 
     computer sciences, mathematics, or engineering;
       ``(3) the term `engineering' means the science by which the 
     properties of matter and the sources of energy in nature are 
     made useful to humanity in structures, machines, and 
     products, as in the construction of engines, bridges, 
     buildings, mines, and chemical plants, including such fields 
     of knowledge or study as aeronautical engineering, chemical 
     engineering, civil engineering, electrical engineering, 
     industrial engineering, materials engineering, manufacturing 
     engineering, and mechanical engineering;
       ``(4) the term `life sciences' means the branch of 
     knowledge or study of living things, including such fields of 
     knowledge or study as biology, biochemistry, biophysics, 
     microbiology, genetics, physiology, botany, zoology, ecology, 
     and behavioral biology, except that the term does not 
     encompass social psychology or the health professions;
       ``(5) the term `managing agent' means an entity to which an 
     award is made under subsection (c) to manage a program of 
     Mathematics and Science Honors Scholarships;
       ``(6) the term `mathematics' means the branch of knowledge 
     or study of numbers and the systematic treatment of 
     magnitude, relationships between figures and forms, and 
     relations between quantities expressed symbolically, 
     including such fields of knowledge or study as statistics, 
     applied mathematics, and operations research; and
       ``(7) the term `physical sciences' means the branch of 
     knowledge or study of the material universe, including such 
     fields of knowledge or study as astronomy, atmospheric 
     sciences, chemistry, earth sciences, ocean sciences, physics, 
     and planetary sciences.
       ``(c) Award.--
       ``(1)(A) From funds appropriated under section 419F to 
     carry out this section, the Secretary is authorized, through 
     a grant or cooperative agreement, to make an award to a 
     private, non-profit organization, other than an institution 
     of higher education or system of institutions of higher 
     education, to manage, through a public and private 
     partnership, a program of Mathematics and Science Honors 
     Scholarships under this section.
       ``(B) The award under subparagraph (A) shall be for a five-
     year period.
       ``(2)(A) One hundred percent of the funds awarded under 
     paragraph (1)(A) for any fiscal year shall be obligated and 
     expended solely on scholarships to eligible students.
       ``(B) No Federal funds shall be used to provide more than 
     50 percent of the cost of any scholarship to an eligible 
     student.
       ``(C) The maximum scholarship award shall be the difference 
     between an eligible student's cost of attendance minus any 
     non-loan based aid such student receives.
       ``(3)(A) The Secretary may establish--
       ``(i) eligibility criteria for applicants for managing 
     agent, including criteria regarding financial and 
     administrative capability; and
       ``(ii) operational standards for the managing agent, 
     including management and performance requirements, such as 
     audit, recordkeeping, record retention, and reporting 
     procedures and requirements.
       ``(B) The Secretary, as necessary, may review and revise 
     any criteria, standards, and rules established under this 
     paragraph and, through the agreement with the managing agent, 
     see that any revisions are implemented.
       ``(4) If the managing agent fails to meet the requirements 
     of this section the Secretary may terminate the award to the 
     managing agent.
       ``(5) The Secretary shall conduct outreach efforts to help 
     raise awareness of the Mathematics and Science Honors 
     Scholarships.
       ``(d) Duties of the Managing Agent.--The managing agent 
     shall--
       ``(1) develop criteria to award Mathematics and Science 
     Honors Scholarships based on established measurements 
     available to secondary students who wish to pursue degrees in 
     physical, life, or computer sciences, mathematics, or 
     engineering;
       ``(2) establish a Mathematics and Science Honors 
     Scholarship Fund in a separate, named account that clearly 
     discloses the amount of Federal and non-Federal funds 
     deposited in the account and used for scholarships under this 
     section;
       ``(3) solicit funds for scholarships and for the 
     administration of the program from non-Federal sources;
       ``(4) solicit applicants for scholarships;
       ``(5) from the amounts in the Fund, award scholarships to 
     eligible students and transfer such funds to the institutions 
     of higher education that they attend;
       ``(6) annually submit to the Secretary a financial audit 
     and a report on the progress of the program, and such other 
     documents as the Secretary may require to determine the 
     effective management of the program; and
       ``(7) shall not develop a criteria that discriminates 
     against a student based on the type of program in which the 
     student completed his or her secondary education.
       ``(e) Applications.--
       ``(1) Any eligible entity that desires to be the managing 
     agent under this section shall submit an application to the 
     Secretary, in such form and containing such information, as 
     the Secretary may require.
       ``(2) Each application shall include a description of--
       ``(A) how the applicant meets or will meet requirements 
     established under subsections (c)(3)(A) and (d);
       ``(B) how the applicant will solicit funds for scholarships 
     and for the administration of the program from non-Federal 
     sources;
       ``(C) how the applicant will provide nationwide outreach to 
     inform students about the program and to encourage students 
     to pursue degrees in physical, life, or computer sciences, 
     mathematics, or engineering;
       ``(D) how the applicant will solicit applications for 
     scholarships, including how the applicant will balance 
     efforts in urban and rural areas;
       ``(E) the selection criteria based on established 
     measurements available to secondary students the applicant 
     will use to award scholarships and to renew those awards;
       ``(F) how the applicant will inform the institution of 
     higher education chosen by the recipient of the name and 
     scholarship amount of the recipient;
       ``(G) what procedures and assurances the applicant and the 
     institution of higher education that the recipient attends 
     will use to verify student eligibility, attendance, degree 
     progress, and academic performance and to deliver and account 
     for payments to such institution;
       ``(H) the management (including audit and accounting) 
     procedures the applicant will use for the program;
       ``(I) the human, financial, and other resources that the 
     applicant will need and use to manage the program;
       ``(J) how the applicant will evaluate the program and 
     report to the Secretary annually; and
       ``(K) a description of how the entity will coordinate with, 
     complement, and build on similar public and private 
     mathematics and science programs.
       ``(f) Scholarship Recipients.--
       ``(1) A student receiving a scholarship under this section 
     shall be known as a Byrd Mathematics and Science Honors 
     Scholar.
       ``(2) Any student desiring to receive a scholarship under 
     this section shall submit an application to the managing 
     agent in such form, and containing such information, as the 
     managing agent may require.
       ``(3) Any student that receives a scholarship under this 
     section shall enter into an agreement with the managing agent 
     to complete 5 consecutive years of service to begin no later 
     than 12 months following completion of the final degree in a 
     position related to the field in which the student obtained 
     the degree.
       ``(4) If any student that receives a scholarship under this 
     section fails to earn at least a baccalaureate degree in 
     physical, life, or computer sciences, mathematics, or 
     engineering as defined under this section, the student shall 
     repay to the managing agent the amount of any financial 
     assistance paid to such student.
       ``(5) If any student that receives a scholarship under this 
     section fails to meet the requirements of paragraph (3), the 
     student shall repay to the managing agent the amount of any 
     financial assistance paid to such student.
       ``(6)(A) Scholarships shall be awarded for only one 
     academic year of study at a time.
       ``(B)(i) A scholarship shall be renewable on an annual 
     basis for the established length of the academic program if 
     the student awarded the scholarship remains eligible.
       ``(ii) The managing agent may condition renewal of a 
     scholarship on measures of academic progress and achievement, 
     with the approval of the Secretary.
       ``(C)(i) If a student fails to either remain eligible or 
     meet established measures of academic progress and 
     achievement, the managing agent shall instruct the student's 
     institution of higher education to suspend payment of the 
     student's scholarship.
       ``(ii) A suspension of payment shall remain in effect until 
     the student is able to demonstrate to the satisfaction of the 
     managing agent that he or she is again eligible and meets the 
     established measures of academic progress and achievement.
       ``(iii) A student's eligibility for a scholarship shall be 
     terminated if a suspension period exceeds 12 months.
       ``(D)(i)(I) A student awarded a scholarship may, in a 
     manner and under the terms established by, and with the 
     approval of, the managing agent, postpone or interrupt his or 
     her enrollment at an institution of higher education for up 
     to 12 months.
       ``(II) Such a postponement or interruption shall not be 
     considered a suspension for purposes of subparagraph (C).
       ``(ii) Neither a student nor the student's institution of 
     higher education shall receive the student's scholarship 
     payments during the period of postponement or interruption, 
     but such payments shall resume upon enrollment or 
     reenrollment.
       ``(iii) In exceptional circumstances, such as serious 
     injury or illness or the necessity to care for family 
     members, the student's postponement or interruption may, upon 
     notification and approval of the managing agent, be extended 
     beyond the 12 month period described in clause (i)(I).
       ``(g) Responsibilities of Institution of Higher 
     Education.--
       ``(1) The managing agent shall require any institution of 
     higher education that enrolls a student who receives a 
     scholarship under this section to annually provide an 
     assurance, prior to making any payment, that the student--
       ``(A) is eligible in accordance with subsection (b)(2); and
       ``(B) has provided the institution with a written 
     commitment to attend, or is attending, classes and is 
     satisfactorily meeting the institution's

[[Page H690]]

     academic criteria for enrollment in its program of study.
       ``(2)(A) The managing agent shall provide the institution 
     of higher education with payments from the Fund for selected 
     recipients in at least two installments.
       ``(B) If a recipient declines a scholarship, does not 
     attend courses, transfers to another institution of higher 
     education, or becomes ineligible for a scholarship, an 
     institution of higher education shall return prorated amounts 
     of any scholarship payment to that recipient to the managing 
     agent, who shall deposit it in to the Fund.

     ``SEC. 419B. MATHEMATICS AND SCIENCE INCENTIVE PROGRAM.

       ``(a) Program.--
       ``(1) In general.--The Secretary is authorized to carry out 
     a program of assuming the obligation to pay, pursuant to the 
     provisions of this section, the interest on a loan made, 
     insured, or guaranteed under part B or D of this title.
       ``(2) Eligibility.--The Secretary may assume interest 
     payments under paragraph (1) only for a borrower who--
       ``(A) has submitted an application in compliance with 
     subsection (d);
       ``(B) obtained one or more loans described in paragraph (1) 
     as an undergraduate student;
       ``(C) is a new borrower (within the meaning of section 
     103(7) of this Act) on or after the date of enactment of the 
     College Opportunity and Affordability Act of 2007;
       ``(D) is a highly qualified teacher (as defined in section 
     9101 of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965) 
     of science, technology, engineering or mathematics at an 
     elementary or secondary school in a high need local 
     educational agency, or is a mathematics, science, or 
     engineering professional; and
       ``(E) enters into an agreement with the Secretary to 
     complete 5 consecutive years of service in a position 
     described in subparagraph (D), starting on the date of the 
     agreement.
       ``(3) Prior interest limitations.--The Secretary shall not 
     make any payments for interest that--
       ``(A) accrues prior to the beginning of the repayment 
     period on a loan in the case of a loan made under section 
     428H or a Federal Direct Unsubsidized Stafford Loan; or
       ``(B) has accrued prior to the signing of an agreement 
     under paragraph (2)(E).
       ``(4) Initial selection.--In selecting participants for the 
     program under this section, the Secretary--
       ``(A) shall choose among eligible applicants on the basis 
     of--
       ``(i) the national security, homeland security, and 
     economic security needs of the United States, as determined 
     by the Secretary, in consultation with other Federal 
     agencies, including the Departments of Labor, Defense, 
     Homeland Security, Commerce, and Energy, the Central 
     Intelligence Agency, and the National Science Foundation; and
       ``(ii) the academic record or job performance of the 
     applicant; and
       ``(B) may choose among eligible applicants on the basis 
     of--
       ``(i) the likelihood of the applicant to complete the 5-
     year service obligation;
       ``(ii) the likelihood of the applicant to remain in 
     science, mathematics, or engineering after the completion of 
     the service requirement; or
       ``(iii) other relevant criteria determined by the 
     Secretary.
       ``(5) Availability subject to appropriations.--Loan 
     interest payments under this section shall be subject to the 
     availability of appropriations. If the amount appropriated 
     for any fiscal year is not sufficient to provide interest 
     payments on behalf of all qualified applicants, the Secretary 
     shall give priority to those individuals on whose behalf 
     interest payments were made during the preceding fiscal year.
       ``(6) Regulations.--The Secretary is authorized to 
     prescribe such regulations as may be necessary to carry out 
     the provisions of this section.
       ``(b) Duration and Amount of Interest Payments.--The period 
     during which the Secretary shall pay interest on behalf of a 
     student borrower who is selected under subsection (a) is the 
     period that begins on the effective date of the agreement 
     under subsection (a)(2)(E), continues after successful 
     completion of the service obligation, and ends on the earlier 
     of--
       ``(1) the completion of the repayment period of the loan;
       ``(2) payment by the Secretary of a total of $5,000 on 
     behalf of the borrower;
       ``(3) if the borrower ceases to fulfill the service 
     obligation under such agreement prior to the end of the 5-
     year period, as soon as the borrower is determined to have 
     ceased to fulfill such obligation in accordance with 
     regulations of the Secretary; or
       ``(4) 6 months after the end of any calendar year in which 
     the borrower's gross income equals or exceeds 4 times the 
     national per capita disposable personal income (current 
     dollars) for such calendar year, as determined on the basis 
     of the National Income and Product Accounts Tables of the 
     Bureau of Economic Analysis of the Department of Commerce, as 
     determined in accordance with regulations prescribed by the 
     Secretary.
       ``(c) Repayment to Eligible Lenders.--Subject to the 
     regulations prescribed by the Secretary by regulation under 
     subsection (a)(6), the Secretary shall pay to each eligible 
     lender or holder for each payment period the amount of the 
     interest that accrues on a loan of a student borrower who is 
     selected under subsection (a).
       ``(d) Application for Repayment.--
       ``(1) In general.--Each eligible individual desiring loan 
     interest payment under this section shall submit a complete 
     and accurate application to the Secretary at such time, in 
     such manner, and containing such information as the Secretary 
     may require.
       ``(2) Failure to complete service agreement.--Such 
     application shall contain an agreement by the individual 
     that, if the individual fails to complete the 5 consecutive 
     years of service required by subsection (a)(2)(E), the 
     individual agrees to repay the Secretary the amount of any 
     interest paid by the Secretary on behalf of the individual.
       ``(e) Treatment of Consolidation Loans.--A consolidation 
     loan made under section 428C of this Act, or a Federal Direct 
     Consolidation Loan made under part D of title IV of this Act, 
     may be a qualified loan for the purpose of this section only 
     to the extent that such loan amount was used by a borrower 
     who otherwise meets the requirements of this section to 
     repay--
       ``(1) a loan made under section 428 or 428H of this Act; or
       ``(2) a Federal Direct Stafford Loan, or a Federal Direct 
     Unsubsidized Stafford Loan, made under part D of title IV of 
     this Act.
       ``(f) Prevention of Double Benefits.--No borrower may, for 
     the same service, receive a benefit under both this section 
     and--
       ``(1) any loan forgiveness program under title IV of this 
     Act; or
       ``(2) subtitle D of title I of the National and Community 
     Service Act of 1990 (42 U.S.C. 12601 et seq.).
       ``(g) Definitions.--As used in this section--
       ``(1) the term `high need local educational agency' has the 
     same meaning given such term in section 200; and
       ``(2) the term `mathematics, science, or engineering 
     professional' means a person who--
       ``(A) holds a baccalaureate, masters, or doctoral degree 
     (or a combination thereof) in science, mathematics, or 
     engineering; and
       ``(B) works in a field the Secretary determines is closely 
     related to that degree, which shall include working as a 
     professor at a two- or four-year institution of higher 
     education.

     ``SEC. 419C. FOREIGN LANGUAGE PARTNERSHIPS.

       ``(a) Purpose.--The purpose of this section is to increase 
     the number of highly qualified teachers in, and the number of 
     United States' students who achieve the highest level of 
     proficiency in, foreign languages critical to the security 
     and competitiveness of the Nation.
       ``(b) Program Authorized.--The Secretary is authorized to 
     award grants to institutions of higher education, in 
     partnership with one or more local educational agencies, to 
     establish teacher preparation programs in critical foreign 
     languages, and activities that will enable successful 
     students to advance from elementary school through college to 
     achieve proficiency in those languages.
       ``(c) Applications.--
       ``(1) Application required.--Any institution of higher 
     education that desires to receive a grant under this section 
     shall submit an application to the Secretary at such time, in 
     such manner, and containing such information as the Secretary 
     may require.
       ``(2) Contents.--Each Application shall--
       ``(A) identify each local educational agency partner and 
     describe each such partner's responsibilities (including how 
     they will be involved in planning and implementing the 
     program, what resources they will provide, and how they will 
     ensure continuity of student progress from elementary school 
     to the postsecondary level); and
       ``(B) describe how the applicant will support and continue 
     the program after the grant has expired, including how it 
     will seek support from other sources, such as State and local 
     government, foundations, and the private sector.
       ``(d) Uses of Funds.--Funds awarded under this section 
     shall be used to develop and implement programs consistent 
     with the purpose of this section by carrying out one or more 
     of the following activities:
       ``(1) To recruit highly qualified teachers in critical 
     foreign languages and professional development activities for 
     such teachers at the elementary through high school level.
       ``(2) To provide innovative opportunities for students that 
     will allow for critical language learning, such as immersion 
     environments, intensive study opportunities, internships, and 
     distance learning.
       ``(e) Matching Requirement.--Each grantee under this 
     section shall provide, from non-Federal sources, an amount 
     equal to 100 percent of the amount of the grant (in cash or 
     in kind) to carry out the activities supported by the grant.
       ``(f) Evaluation.--The Secretary shall evaluate the 
     activities funded under this section and report the results 
     of the evaluation to the appropriate Committees of Congress.

     ``SEC. 419D. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

       ``There are authorized to be appropriated to carry out this 
     subpart $50,000,000 for fiscal year 2009 and such sums as may 
     be necessary for each of the 4 succeeding fiscal years.''.

     SEC. 409. CHILD CARE ACCESS MEANS PARENTS IN SCHOOL.

       (a) Minimum Grant.--Section 419N(b)(2)(B) (20 U.S.C. 
     1070e(b)(2)(B)) is amended by striking ``$10,000'' and 
     inserting ``$30,000''.
       (b) Eligible Institutions.--Section 419N(b)(4) is amended 
     by striking ``$350,000'' and inserting ``$250,000''.
       (c) Income Eligibility.--Section 419N(b)(7) is amended by 
     striking ``who is eligible to receive'' and inserting ``whose 
     income qualifies for eligibility for''.
       (d) Publicity.--Section 419N(b) is further amended by 
     adding at the end the following new paragraph:
       ``(8) Publicity.--The Secretary shall publicize the 
     availability of grants under this section in appropriate 
     periodicals in addition to publication in the Federal 
     Register, and shall inform appropriate educational 
     organizations of such availability.''.
       (e) Authorization of Appropriations.--Section 419N(g) (20 
     U.S.C. 1070e(g)) is amended by striking ``$45,000,000 for 
     fiscal year 1999'' and all

[[Page H691]]

     that follows through the period and inserting ``such sums as 
     may be necessary for fiscal year 2009 and each of the 4 
     succeeding fiscal years.''.

     SEC. 410. LEARNING ANYTIME ANYWHERE PARTNERSHIPS.

       Subpart 8 of part A of title IV (20 U.S.C. 1070f et seq.) 
     is repealed.

     SEC. 411. TEACH GRANTS.

       Subpart 9 of part A of title IV is amended--
       (1) in section 420L(1)(B), by striking ``sound'' and 
     inserting ``responsible'';
       (2) in section 420M--
       (A) by striking ``academic year'' each place it appears in 
     subsections (a)(1) and (c)(1) and inserting ``year''; and
       (B) in subsection (c)(2)--
       (i) by striking ``other student assistance'' and inserting 
     ``other assistance the student may receive''; and
       (ii) by striking the second sentence; and
       (3) by adding at the end the following new section:

     ``SEC. 420P. PROGRAM EVALUATION.

       ``The Secretary shall evaluate the effectiveness of TEACH 
     grants with respect to the schools and students served by 
     recipients of such grants. Such evaluation shall take into 
     consideration information related to--
       ``(1) the number of TEACH grant recipients;
       ``(2) the gender, race, ethnicity, and age of such 
     recipients;
       ``(3) the degrees obtained by such recipients;
       ``(4) the location, including the school, local educational 
     agency, and State, where the recipients completed the service 
     agreed to under section 420N(b) and the subject taught;
       ``(5) the duration of such service, including information 
     related to whether recipients serve for more than the 4 years 
     required under such section; and
       ``(6) any other data necessary to conduct such 
     evaluation.''.

                 PART B--FEDERAL FAMILY EDUCATION LOANS

     SEC. 421. LIMITATIONS ON AMOUNTS OF LOANS COVERED BY FEDERAL 
                   INSURANCE.

       Section 424(a) (20 U.S.C. 1074(a)) is amended--
       (1) by striking ``2012'' and inserting ``2013''; and
       (2) by striking ``2016'' and inserting ``2017''.

     SEC. 422. FEDERAL INTEREST SUBSIDIES.

       Section 428(a)(5) (20 U.S.C. 1078(a)(5)) is amended--
       (1) by striking ``2012'' and inserting ``2013''; and
       (2) by striking ``2016'' and inserting ``2017''.

     SEC. 423. STUDENT LOAN INFORMATION.

       Section 428(k) (20 U.S.C. 1078(k)) is amended by adding at 
     the end the following new paragraph:
       ``(4) Student loan information.--
       ``(A) Notwithstanding any other provision of law or 
     regulation, if requested by an institution of higher 
     education or a third party servicer (as defined in section 
     481(c)) working on behalf of such institution to prevent 
     student loan defaults for borrowers who currently attend or 
     previously attended such institution, a lender, secondary 
     market, holder, or guaranty agency shall provide, free of 
     charge and in a timely and effective manner, any student loan 
     information pertaining to loans made under this title to such 
     borrowers maintained by that entity, provided that the 
     information requested is for a borrower who currently attends 
     or previously attended such institution.
       ``(B) An institution and any third party servicer obtaining 
     access to information under subparagraph (A) shall safeguard 
     that information in order to prevent potential abuses of that 
     information, including identity theft.
       ``(C) Any third party servicer that obtains information 
     under this paragraph--
       ``(i) shall only use the information in a manner directly 
     related to the default prevention work the servicer is 
     performing on behalf of the institution of higher education;
       ``(ii) shall not sell the information to other entities;
       ``(iii) shall not share the information with, or transfer 
     the information to, entities other than the borrower or the 
     institution of higher education referenced in subparagraph 
     (A); and
       ``(iv) shall be subject to any regulations established by 
     the Secretary pursuant to section 432 concerning the misuse 
     of such information, including any penalties for such 
     misuse.''.

     SEC. 424. CONSOLIDATION LOAN DISCLOSURE.

       Section 428C(b)(1) (20 U.S.C. 1078-3(b)(1)) is amended--
       (1) by redesignating subparagraphs (E) and (F) as 
     subparagraphs (F) and (G), respectively; and
       (2) by inserting after subparagraph (D) the following new 
     subparagraph:
       ``(E) that the lender will disclose, in a clear and 
     conspicuous manner, to borrowers who seek to consolidate 
     loans made under part E of this title--
       ``(i) that once the borrower adds a Federal Perkins Loan to 
     a Federal Consolidation Loan, the borrower will lose all 
     interest-free periods that would have been available, such as 
     those when no interest accrues on the Federal Perkins Loan 
     while the borrower is enrolled in school at least half-time, 
     during the grace period, and during periods when the 
     borrower's student loan repayments are deferred;
       ``(ii) that the borrower will no longer be eligible for 
     loan cancellation of Federal Perkins Loans under any 
     provision of section 465; and
       ``(iii) in detail the occupations listed in section 465 for 
     which the borrower will lose eligibility for Federal Perkins 
     Loan cancellation;''.

     SEC. 425. LOAN FORGIVENESS FOR SERVICE IN AREAS OF NATIONAL 
                   NEED.

       Section 428K (20 U.S.C. 1078-11) is amended to read as 
     follows:

     ``SEC. 428K. LOAN FORGIVENESS FOR SERVICE IN AREAS OF 
                   NATIONAL NEED.

       ``(a) Program Authorized.--
       ``(1) Loan forgiveness authorized.--The Secretary shall 
     forgive, in accordance with this section, the student loan 
     obligation of a borrower in the amount specified in 
     subsection (c) who--
       ``(A) is employed full-time in an area of national need 
     described in subsection (b); and
       ``(B) is not in default on a loan for which the borrower 
     seeks forgiveness.
       ``(2) Method of loan forgiveness.--To provide loan 
     forgiveness under paragraph (1), the Secretary is authorized 
     to carry out a program--
       ``(A) through the holder of the loan, to assume the 
     obligation to repay a qualified loan amount for a loan made, 
     insured, or guaranteed under this part (other than an 
     excepted PLUS loan (as such term is defined in section 
     493C(a))); and
       ``(B) to cancel a qualified loan amount for a loan made 
     under part D of this title (other than such an excepted PLUS 
     loan).
       ``(3) Regulations.--The Secretary is authorized to issue 
     such regulations as may be necessary to carry out the 
     provisions of this section.
       ``(b) Areas of National Need.--For purposes of this 
     section, an individual shall be treated as employed in an 
     area of national need if the individual is employed full-time 
     as any of the following:
       ``(1) Early childhood educators.--An individual who is 
     employed as an early childhood educator in an eligible 
     preschool program or eligible early childhood education 
     program in a low-income community, and who is involved 
     directly in the care, development, and education of infants, 
     toddlers, or young children age 5 and under.
       ``(2) Nurses.--An individual who is employed--
       ``(A) as a nurse in a clinical setting; or
       ``(B) as a member of the nursing faculty at an accredited 
     school of nursing (as those terms are defined in section 801 
     of the Public Health Service Act (42 U.S.C. 296)).
       ``(3) Foreign language specialists.--An individual who has 
     obtained a baccalaureate or advanced degree in a critical 
     foreign language and is employed--
       ``(A) in an elementary or secondary school as a teacher of 
     a critical foreign language;
       ``(B) in an agency of the United States Government in a 
     position that regularly requires the use of such critical 
     foreign language; or
       ``(C) in an institution of higher education as a faculty 
     member or instructor teaching a critical foreign language.
       ``(4) Librarians.--An individual who is employed as a 
     librarian in--
       ``(A) a public library that serves a geographic area within 
     which the public schools have a combined average of 30 
     percent or more of their total student enrollments composed 
     of children counted under section 1113(a)(5) of the 
     Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965; or
       ``(B) a high-need school.
       ``(5) Highly qualified teachers: serving students who are 
     limited english proficient, low-income communities, and 
     underrepresented populations.--An individual who--
       ``(A) is highly qualified as such term is defined in 
     section 9101 of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 
     1965; and
       ``(B)(i) is employed as a teacher educating students who 
     are limited English proficient;
       ``(ii) is employed as a teacher in a high-need school; or
       ``(iii) is an individual from an underrepresented 
     population in the teaching profession, as determined by the 
     Secretary.
       ``(6) Child welfare workers.--An individual who--
       ``(A) has obtained a degree in social work or a related 
     field with a focus on serving children and families; and
       ``(B) is employed in public or private child welfare 
     services.
       ``(7) Speech-language pathologists.--An individual who is a 
     speech-language pathologist, who is employed in an eligible 
     preschool program or an elementary or secondary school, and 
     who has, at a minimum, a graduate degree in speech-language 
     pathology, or communication sciences and disorders.
       ``(8) National service.--An individual who is engaged as a 
     participant in a project under the National and Community 
     Service Act of 1990 (as such terms are defined in section 101 
     of such Act (42 U.S.C. 12511)).
       ``(9) School counselors.--An individual who is employed as 
     a school counselor (as such term is defined in section 
     5421(e)(3) of Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965 
     (20 U.S.C. 7245(e)(3))) in a high-need school.
       ``(10) Public sector employees.--An individual who is 
     employed in public safety (including as a first responder, 
     firefighter, police officer, or other law enforcement or 
     public safety officer), emergency management (including as an 
     emergency medical technician), public health (including full-
     time professionals engaged in health care practitioner 
     occupations and health care support occupations, as such 
     terms are defined by the Bureau of Labor Statistics), or 
     public interest legal services (including prosecution or 
     public defense or legal advocacy in low-income communities at 
     a nonprofit organization).
       ``(11) Nutrition professionals.--An individual who--
       ``(A) is a licensed, certified, or registered dietician who 
     has completed a degree in a relevant field; and
       ``(B) has obtained employment in an agency of the special 
     supplemental nutrition program for women, infants, and 
     children under section 17 of the Child Nutrition Act of 1966 
     (42 U.S.C. 1786).
       ``(12) Medical specialists.--An individual who--
       ``(A) has received his or her degree from an accredited 
     medical school (as accredited by the Liaison Committee on 
     Medical Education or as defined by this title IV); and

[[Page H692]]

       ``(B)(i) has been accepted to, or currently participates 
     in, a graduate medical education training program or 
     fellowship (or both) to provide health care services (as 
     recognized by the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical 
     Education); or
       ``(ii) has been accepted to, or currently participates in, 
     a graduate medical education program or fellowship (or both) 
     to provide health care services that--
       ``(I) requires more than 5 years of total graduate medical 
     training; and
       ``(II) has fewer United States medical school graduate 
     applicants than the total number of training and fellowship 
     positions available in the programs specified in subclause 
     (I) of this clause.
       ``(13) Mental health professionals.--Individuals who have 
     at least a master's degree in social work, psychology, or 
     psychiatry and who are providing mental health services to 
     children, adolescents, or veterans.
       ``(c) Qualified Loan Amount.--At the end of each school, 
     academic, or calendar year of full-time employment on or 
     after the date of enactment of the College Opportunity and 
     Affordability Act of 2007 in an area of national need 
     described in subsection (b), not to exceed 5 years, the 
     Secretary shall forgive not more than $2,000 of the student 
     loan obligation of a borrower that is outstanding after the 
     completion of each such school, academic, or calendar year of 
     employment, as appropriate, not to exceed $10,000 in the 
     aggregate for any borrower.
       ``(d) Priority.--The Secretary shall grant loan forgiveness 
     under this section on a first-come, first-served basis, and 
     subject to the availability of appropriations.
       ``(e) Construction.--Nothing in this section shall be 
     construed to authorize the refunding of any repayment of a 
     loan.
       ``(f) Segal Americorps Education Award and National Service 
     Award Recipients.--A student borrower who qualifies for the 
     maximum education award under subtitle D of title I of the 
     National and Community Service Act of 1990 (42 U.S.C. 12601 
     et seq.) shall receive under this section the amount, if any, 
     by which the maximum benefit available under this section 
     exceeds the maximum education award available under such 
     subtitle.
       ``(g) Ineligibility for Double Benefits.--No borrower may 
     receive a reduction of loan obligations under both this 
     section and section 428J or 460.
       ``(h) Definitions.--In this section:
       ``(1) Early childhood educator.--The term `early childhood 
     educator' means an early childhood educator who works 
     directly with children in an eligible preschool program or 
     eligible early childhood education program who has completed 
     a baccalaureate or advanced degree in early childhood 
     development, early childhood education, or in a field related 
     to early childhood education.
       ``(2) Eligible preschool program.--The term `eligible 
     preschool program' means a program that provides for the 
     care, development, and education of infants, toddlers, or 
     young children age 5 and under, meets any applicable State or 
     local government licensing, certification, approval, and 
     registration requirements, and is operated by--
       ``(A) a public or private school that is supported, 
     sponsored, supervised, or administered by a local educational 
     agency;
       ``(B) a Head Start agency serving as a grantee designated 
     under the Head Start Act (42 U.S.C. 9831 et seq.);
       ``(C) a nonprofit or community based organization; or
       ``(D) a child care program, including a home.
       ``(3) Eligible early childhood education program.--The term 
     `eligible early childhood education program' means--
       ``(A) a family child care program, center-based child care 
     program, State prekindergarten program, school program, or 
     other out-of-home early childhood development care program, 
     that--
       ``(i) is licensed or regulated by the State; and
       ``(ii) serves 2 or more unrelated children who are not old 
     enough to attend kindergarten;
       ``(B) a Head Start Program carried out under the Head Start 
     Act (42 U.S.C. 9831 et seq.); or
       ``(C) an Early Head Start Program carried out under section 
     645A of the Head Start Act (42 U.S.C. 9840a).
       ``(4) Low-income community.--The term `low-income 
     community' means a school attendance area (as defined in 
     section 1113(a)(2)(A) of the Elementary and Secondary 
     Education Act of 1965)--
       ``(A) in which 70 percent of households earn less than 85 
     percent of the State median household income; or
       ``(B) that includes a high-need school.
       ``(5) Nurse.--The term `nurse' means a nurse who meets all 
     of the following:
       ``(A) The nurse graduated from--
       ``(i) an accredited school of nursing (as those terms are 
     defined in section 801 of the Public Health Service Act (42 
     U.S.C. 296));
       ``(ii) a nursing center; or
       ``(iii) an academic health center that provides nurse 
     training.
       ``(B) The nurse holds a valid and unrestricted license to 
     practice nursing in the State in which the nurse practices in 
     a clinical setting.
       ``(C) The nurse holds one or more of the following:
       ``(i) A graduate degree in nursing, or an equivalent 
     degree.
       ``(ii) A nursing degree from a collegiate school of nursing 
     (as defined in section 801 of the Public Health Service Act 
     (42 U.S.C. 296)).
       ``(iii) A nursing degree from an associate degree school of 
     nursing (as defined in section 801 of the Public Health 
     Service Act (42 U.S.C. 296)).
       ``(iv) A nursing degree from a diploma school of nursing 
     (as defined in section 801 of the Public Health Service Act 
     (42 U.S.C. 296)).
       ``(6) Speech-language pathologist.--The term `speech-
     language pathologist' means a speech-language pathologist 
     who--
       ``(A) has received, at a minimum, a graduate degree in 
     speech-language pathology or communication sciences and 
     disorders from an institution of higher education accredited 
     by an agency or association recognized by the Secretary 
     pursuant to section 496(a) of this Act; and
       ``(B) provides speech-language pathology services under 
     section 1861(ll)(1) of the Social Security Act (42 U.S.C. 
     1395x(ll)(1)), or meets or exceeds the qualifications for a 
     qualified speech-language pathologist under subsection 
     (ll)(3) of such section (42 U.S.C. 1395x(ll)(3)).
       ``(i) Authorization of Appropriations.--There are 
     authorized to be appropriated to carry out this section such 
     sums as may be necessary for fiscal year 2009 and each of the 
     4 succeeding fiscal years to provide loan forgiveness in 
     accordance with this section.''.

     SEC. 426. LOAN REPAYMENT FOR CIVIL LEGAL ASSISTANCE 
                   ATTORNEYS.

       Part B of title IV (20 U.S.C. 1071 et seq.) is amended by 
     inserting after section 428K the following new section:

     ``SEC. 428L. LOAN REPAYMENT FOR CIVIL LEGAL ASSISTANCE 
                   ATTORNEYS.

       ``(a) Purpose.--The purpose of this section is to encourage 
     qualified individuals to enter and continue employment as 
     civil legal assistance attorneys.
       ``(b) Definitions.--In this section:
       ``(1) Civil legal assistance attorney.--The term `civil 
     legal assistance attorney' means an attorney who--
       ``(A) is a full-time employee of a nonprofit organization 
     that provides legal assistance with respect to civil matters 
     to low-income individuals without a fee;
       ``(B) as such employee, provides civil legal assistance as 
     described in subparagraph (A) on a full-time basis; and
       ``(C) is continually licensed to practice law.
       ``(2) Student loan.--The term `student loan' means--
       ``(A) subject to subparagraph (B), a loan made, insured, or 
     guaranteed under part B, D, or E of this title; and
       ``(B) a loan made under section 428C or 455(g), to the 
     extent that such loan was used to repay--
       ``(i) a Federal Direct Stafford Loan, a Federal Direct 
     Unsubsidized Stafford Loan, or a Federal Direct PLUS Loan;
       ``(ii) a loan made under section 428, 428B, or 428H; or
       ``(iii) a loan made under part E.
       ``(c) Program Authorized.--The Secretary shall carry out a 
     program of assuming the obligation to repay a student loan, 
     by direct payments on behalf of a borrower to the holder or 
     the Secretary in the case of a loan under part D or E of such 
     loan, in accordance with subsection (d), for any borrower 
     who--
       ``(1) is employed as a civil legal assistance attorney; and
       ``(2) is not in default on a loan for which the borrower 
     seeks repayment.
       ``(d) Terms of Agreement.--
       ``(1) In general.--To be eligible to receive repayment 
     benefits under subsection (c), a borrower shall enter into a 
     written agreement with the Secretary that specifies that--
       ``(A) the borrower will remain employed as a civil legal 
     assistance attorney for a required period of service of not 
     less than 3 years, unless involuntarily separated from that 
     employment;
       ``(B) if the borrower is involuntarily separated from 
     employment on account of misconduct, or voluntarily separates 
     from employment, before the end of the period specified in 
     the agreement, the borrower will repay the Secretary the 
     amount of any benefits received by such employee under this 
     agreement;
       ``(C) if the borrower is required to repay an amount to the 
     Secretary under subparagraph (B) and fails to repay such 
     amount, a sum equal to that amount shall be recoverable by 
     the Federal Government from the employee by such methods as 
     are provided by law for the recovery of amounts owed to the 
     Federal Government;
       ``(D) the Secretary may waive, in whole or in part, a right 
     of recovery under this subsection if it is shown that 
     recovery would be against equity and good conscience or 
     against the public interest; and
       ``(E) the Secretary shall make student loan payments under 
     this section for the period of the agreement, subject to the 
     availability of appropriations.
       ``(2) Repayments.--
       ``(A) In general.--Any amount repaid by, or recovered from, 
     an individual under this subsection shall be credited to the 
     appropriation account from which the amount involved was 
     originally paid.
       ``(B) Merger.--Any amount credited under subparagraph (A) 
     shall be merged with other sums in such account and shall be 
     available for the same purposes and period, and subject to 
     the same limitations, if any, as the sums with which the 
     amount was merged.
       ``(3) Limitations.--
       ``(A) Student loan payment amount.--Student loan repayments 
     made by the Secretary under this section shall be made 
     subject to such terms, limitations, or conditions as may be 
     mutually agreed upon by the borrower and the Secretary in an 
     agreement under paragraph (1), except that the amount paid by 
     the Secretary under this section shall not exceed--
       ``(i) $6,000 for any borrower in any calendar year; or
       ``(ii) an aggregate total of $40,000 in the case of any 
     borrower.
       ``(B) Beginning of payments.--Nothing in this section shall 
     authorize the Secretary to pay any amount to reimburse a 
     borrower for any repayments made by such borrower prior to 
     the date on which the Secretary entered into an agreement 
     with the borrower under this subsection.

[[Page H693]]

       ``(e) Additional Agreements.--
       ``(1) In general.--On completion of the required period of 
     service under an agreement under subsection (d), the borrower 
     and the Secretary may, subject to paragraph (2), enter into 
     an additional agreement in accordance with subsection (d).
       ``(2) Term.--An agreement entered into under paragraph (1) 
     may specify that, notwithstanding subsection (d)(1)(A), the 
     required period of service during which the borrower will 
     remain employed as a civil legal assistance attorney may be 
     less than 3 years.
       ``(f) Award Basis; Priority.--
       ``(1) Award basis.--Subject to paragraph (2), the Secretary 
     shall provide repayment benefits under this section on a 
     first-come, first-served basis, and subject to the 
     availability of appropriations.
       ``(2) Priority.--The Secretary shall give priority in 
     providing repayment benefits under this section in any fiscal 
     year to a borrower who--
       ``(A) has practiced law for 5 years or less and, for at 
     least 90 percent of the time in such practice, has served as 
     a civil legal assistance attorney;
       ``(B) received repayment benefits under this section during 
     the preceding fiscal year; and
       ``(C) has completed less than 3 years of the first required 
     period of service specified for the borrower in an agreement 
     entered into under subsection (d).
       ``(g) Regulations.--The Secretary is authorized to issue 
     such regulations as may be necessary to carry out the 
     provisions of this section.
       ``(h) Authorization of Appropriations.--There are 
     authorized to be appropriated to carry out this section 
     $10,000,000 for fiscal year 2009 and such sums as may be 
     necessary for each of the 4 succeeding fiscal years.''.

     SEC. 427. SETTLEMENT OF CLAIMS.

       Section 432(b) (20 U.S.C. 1082(b)) is amended by adding at 
     the end the following: ``The Secretary may not enter into any 
     settlement of any claim under this Act that exceeds 
     $1,000,000 unless the Secretary has asked the Attorney 
     General to review the settlement agreement and issue an 
     opinion to the Secretary and the authorizing committees 
     related to such proposed settlement.''.

     SEC. 428. DELINQUENCY PREVENTION, DEFAULT AVERSION, AND 
                   CONSUMER EDUCATION INFORMATION PROGRAMS.

       Part B of title IV is further amended by inserting after 
     section 433 (20 U.S.C. 1083) the following new section:

     ``SEC. 433A. DELINQUENCY PREVENTION, DEFAULT AVERSION, AND 
                   CONSUMER EDUCATION INFORMATION PROGRAMS.

       ``(a) Guaranty Agency Duty.--Each guaranty agency, with 
     respect to loans insured by the agency, shall develop 
     specific programs designed to prevent delinquencies and avert 
     defaults.
       ``(b) Training for Students and Families.--Each guaranty 
     agency, after consulting with institutions of higher 
     education (including institutions of higher education 
     participating in the William Ford Direct Loan Program), shall 
     develop and make available high quality educational programs 
     and materials to provide training for students and families 
     in budgeting and financial management, including debt 
     management and other aspects of financial literacy, such as 
     the cost of using high interest loans to pay for 
     postsecondary education. Such programs and materials shall 
     address budgeting and financial management relating to 
     student loans, and shall be made available to students and 
     families, in a form and language that is understandable, 
     before, during, and after the students' enrollment.
       ``(c) Rule of Construction.--Nothing in this section shall 
     be construed to prohibit a guaranty agency from using 
     existing activities, programs, and materials in meeting the 
     requirements of this section.''.

     SEC. 429. DEFINITION OF ELIGIBLE LENDER.

       Section 435(d)(1)(A)(ii) (20 U.S.C. 1085(d)(1)(A)(ii)) is 
     amended--
       (1) by striking ``part, or (III)'' and inserting ``part, 
     (III)''; and
       (2) by inserting before the semicolon at the end the 
     following: ``, or (IV) it is a National or State chartered 
     bank with assets of less than $1,000,000,000''.

     SEC. 430. COHORT DEFAULT RATES.

       Section 435(m) (20 U.S.C. 1085(m)) is amended--
       (1) in the first sentence of paragraph (1)(A), by striking 
     ``end of the following fiscal year'' and inserting 
     ``beginning of the third fiscal year following the fiscal 
     year in which the students entered repayment'';
       (2) in paragraph (1)(C), by striking ``end of the fiscal 
     year immediately following the year in which they entered 
     repayment'' and inserting ``beginning of the third fiscal 
     year following the year in which they entered repayment'';
       (3) in paragraph (2)(C), by striking ``end of such 
     following fiscal year is not considered as in default for the 
     purposes of this subsection'' and inserting ``beginning of 
     the third fiscal year following the year in which the loan 
     entered repayment is not considered as in default for 
     purposes of this subsection''; and
       (4) in paragraph (4)--
       (A) by amending the header to read as follows: ``Collection 
     and reporting of cohort default rates and life of cohort 
     default rates.--''; and
       (B) by amending subparagraph (A) to read as follows:
       ``(A) The Secretary shall collect data from all insurers 
     under this part and shall publish not less often than once 
     every fiscal year a report showing cohort default data and 
     life of cohort default data for each category of institution, 
     including (i) 4-year public institutions, (ii) 4-year private 
     nonprofit institutions, (iii) 2-year public institutions, 
     (iv) 2-year private institutions, (v) 4-year proprietary 
     institutions, (vi) 2-year proprietary institutions, and (vii) 
     less than 2-year proprietary institutions. For purposes of 
     this subparagraph, the life of cohort default rate means, for 
     any fiscal year in which 1 or more current and former 
     students at an institution enter repayment on loans under 
     section 428, 428A, or 428H, received for attendance at the 
     institution, the percentage of those current and former 
     students who enter repayment on such loans (or on the portion 
     of a loan made under section 428C that is used to repay any 
     such loans) received for attendance at the institution in 
     that fiscal year who default before the end of each 
     succeeding fiscal year.''.

     SEC. 431. DISABILITY DETERMINATIONS.

       Section 437(a) (20 U.S.C. 1087(a)) is amended by adding at 
     the end the following new sentence: ``A borrower who receives 
     a permanent total disability rating from the Secretary of 
     Veterans Affairs, and who provides documentation of such 
     rating to the Secretary of Education, shall be considered 
     permanently and totally disabled for the purpose of 
     discharging such borrower's loans under this subsection, and 
     such borrower shall not be required to present additional 
     documentation for purposes of this subsection.''.

                       PART C--COLLEGE WORK/STUDY

     SEC. 441. REAUTHORIZATION.

       (a) Extension of Authority.--Section 441 (42 U.S.C. 2751) 
     is amended--
       (1) in subsection (b), by striking ``$1,000,000,000 for 
     fiscal year 1999'' and inserting ``$1,500,000,000 for fiscal 
     year 2009''; and
       (2) in subsection (c)--
       (A) by striking ``and'' at the end of paragraph (3);
       (B) by striking the period at the end of paragraph (4) and 
     inserting ``; and''; and
       (C) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
       ``(5) responding to the needs of the community, which may 
     include activities in preparation for and during emergencies 
     and natural disasters.''.
       (b) Allowance for Books and Supplies.--Section 442(c)(4)(D) 
     (42 U.S.C. 2752(d)(4)(D)) is amended by striking ``$450'' and 
     inserting ``$600''.

     SEC. 442. ADDITIONAL FUNDS FOR OFF-CAMPUS COMMUNITY SERVICE.

       Section 447 (42 U.S.C. 2756a) is amended--
       (1) by striking ``Each institution participating'' and 
     inserting ``(a) Community Service-Learning.--Each institution 
     participating''; and
       (2) by adding at the end the following new subsection:
       ``(b) Off-Campus Community Service.--
       ``(1) Grants authorized.--In addition to funds made 
     available under section 443(b)(2)(B), the Secretary is 
     authorized to award grants to institutions participating 
     under this part to supplement off-campus community service 
     employment.
       ``(2) Use of funds.--In any year in which section 
     443(b)(2)(B) applies, an institution shall ensure that funds 
     granted to such institution under this subsection are used in 
     accordance with such section 443 to recruit and compensate 
     students (including compensation for time spent in training 
     and for travel directly related to such community service).
       ``(3) Priority.--In awarding grants under this subsection, 
     the Secretary shall give priority to applications that 
     support postsecondary students assisting with early childhood 
     education activities and activities in preparation for and 
     during emergencies and natural disasters.
       ``(4) Authorization of appropriations.--There are 
     authorized to be appropriated to carry out this subsection 
     such sums as may be necessary for fiscal year 2009 and each 
     of the 4 succeeding fiscal years.''.

     SEC. 443. WORK COLLEGES.

       (a) Work-Learning-Service.--Section 448 (42 U.S.C. 2756b) 
     is amended by striking ``work-learning'' each place it 
     appears and inserting ``work-learning-service''.
       (b) Definition.--Section 448(e) is amended to read as 
     follows:
       ``(e) Definitions.--For the purpose of this section--
       ``(1) the term `work college' means an eligible institution 
     that--
       ``(A) has been a public or private nonprofit, four-year, 
     degree granting institution with a commitment to community 
     service;
       ``(B) has operated a comprehensive work-learning-service 
     program for at least 2 years;
       ``(C) requires all resident students, including at least 
     one-half of all students who are enrolled on a full-time 
     basis, to participate in a comprehensive work-learning-
     service program for at least 5 hours each week, or at least 
     80 hours during each period of enrollment, except summer 
     school, unless the student is engaged in an institutionally 
     organized or approved study abroad or externship program; and
       ``(D) provides students participating in the comprehensive 
     work-learning-service program with the opportunity to 
     contribute to their education and to the welfare of the 
     community as a whole; and
       ``(2) the term `comprehensive student work-learning-service 
     program' means a student work-learning-service program that--
       ``(A) is an integral and stated part of the institution's 
     educational philosophy and program;
       ``(B) requires participation of all resident students for 
     enrollment and graduation;
       ``(C) includes learning objectives, evaluation, and a 
     record of work performance as part of the student's college 
     record;
       ``(D) provides programmatic leadership by college personnel 
     at levels comparable to traditional academic programs;
       ``(E) recognizes the educational role of work-learning-
     service supervisors; and
       ``(F) includes consequences for nonperformance or failure 
     in the work-learning-service program similar to the 
     consequences for failure in the regular academic program.''.

[[Page H694]]

       (c) Authorization.--Section 448(f) is amended--
       (1) by striking ``$5,000,000'' and inserting ``such sums as 
     may be necessary''; and
       (2) by striking ``1999'' and inserting ``2009''.

                  PART D--FEDERAL DIRECT STUDENT LOANS

     SEC. 451. REAUTHORIZATION.

       Section 458(a) (20 U.S.C. 1087h(a)) is amended--
       (1) in paragraph (2)--
       (A) in the heading of such paragraph, by striking ``2011'' 
     and inserting ``2013''; and
       (B) by striking ``2011'' and inserting ``2013''; and
       (2) in paragraph (3), by striking ``2011'' and inserting 
     ``2013''.

     SEC. 452. PUBLIC SERVICE JOB DEFINITION.

       Section 455(m)(3)(B) (20 U.S.C. 1087e(m)(3)(B)) is amended 
     to read as follows:
       ``(B) Public service job.--The term `public service job' 
     means--
       ``(i) a full-time job in emergency management, government 
     (excluding time served as a member of Congress), military 
     service, public safety, law enforcement, public health 
     (including nurses, nurse practitioners, nurses in a clinical 
     setting, and full-time professionals engaged in health care 
     practitioner occupations and health care support occupations, 
     as such terms are defined by the Bureau of Labor Statistics), 
     public education, social work in a public child or family 
     service agency, public interest law services (including 
     prosecution or public defense or legal advocacy on behalf of 
     low-income communities at a nonprofit organization), early 
     childhood education (including licensed or regulated 
     childcare, Head Start, and State funded prekindergarten), 
     public service for individuals with disabilities, public 
     service for the elderly, public library sciences, school-
     based library sciences and other school-based services, or at 
     an organization that is described in section 501(c)(3) of the 
     Internal Revenue Code of 1986 and exempt from taxation under 
     section 501(a) of such Code; or
       ``(ii) teaching as a full-time faculty member at a Tribal 
     College or University as defined in section 316(b) and other 
     faculty teaching in high-needs subject areas or areas of 
     shortage (including nurse faculty, foreign language faculty 
     and part-time faculty at community colleges), as determined 
     by the Secretary.''.

     SEC. 453. IDENTITY FRAUD PROTECTION.

       Section 455 (20 U.S.C. 1087e) is further amended by adding 
     at the end the following new subsection:
       ``(n) Identity Fraud Protection.--The Secretary of 
     Education shall take such steps as may be necessary to ensure 
     that monthly Direct Loan statements and other publications of 
     the Department of Education do not contain more than 4 digits 
     of the Social Security number of any individual.''.

     SEC. 454. DIRECT LOAN PROGRAM AUDIT AND REPORTING 
                   REQUIREMENTS.

       (a) Audit of Direct Loan Servicing Portfolio and Direct 
     Loan Servicing Contracts.--Section 458 (20 U.S.C. 1087h) is 
     amended by adding at the end the following:
       ``(d) Audit of Direct Loan Servicing Portfolio and Direct 
     Loan Servicing Contracts.--The Secretary shall have a 
     financial and compliance audit of all loans owned by the 
     Department of Education and made under the William D. Ford 
     Federal Direct Loan Program and all contracts for the 
     origination, servicing, collection, and related activities of 
     such loans, conducted annually by a qualified independent 
     organization from a list of qualified organizations 
     promulgated by the Secretary in accordance with standards 
     established by the Comptroller General. The standards shall 
     measure the servicer's compliance with the due diligence 
     standards and shall include a defined statistical sampling 
     technique designed to measure the performance rating of the 
     servicer for the purpose of this section. The Secretary shall 
     submit the audit to Congress within 60 days of its completion 
     and shall at the same time make the results of the audit 
     publicly available.''.
       (b) Quarterly Reporting of Administrative Expenses.--
     Section 458 (20 U.S.C. 1087h) is further amended by adding at 
     the end the following:
       ``(e) Budget Justification and Quarterly Reports.--In 
     addition to the requirements of subsection (c), and as a 
     prerequisite to expending funds under this section, the 
     Secretary shall--
       ``(1) make publicly available immediately upon providing to 
     Congress, its annual budget justification referenced in the 
     last sentence of subsection (c), including the detailed 
     descriptions of activities and the costs for each such 
     activity; and
       ``(2) make publicly available within 30 days of the close 
     of each calendar quarter, an interim report with at least the 
     same level of detail as the annual report referred to above, 
     showing the detailed descriptions of activities and the costs 
     for each such activity, for the quarter, which shall 
     include--
       ``(A) amendments to any contracts entered into by the 
     Department for the purposes of servicing, origination, 
     consolidating, or otherwise providing administrative support 
     for the Direct Loan program;
       ``(B) a complete listing of all milestones for upgrades and 
     improvements in any of the contracts referenced in section 
     458(d)(1) and the progress towards meeting such milestones;
       ``(C) un-reconciled balances in held loans by year of 
     origination;
       ``(D) status and number of defaulted loans by length of 
     default in 30-day increments;
       ``(E) status and number of delinquent loans by length of 
     delinquency in 30-day increments;
       ``(F) information technology purchases made under this 
     section; and
       ``(G) costs and terms of all contracts with external 
     consultants and employees of institutions of higher 
     education.''.
       (c) Annual Reporting of Impact of Direct Loan Program 
     Treasury Borrowing on National Debt.--Section 458 (20 U.S.C. 
     1087(h)) is further amended by adding at the end the 
     following subsection:
       ``(f) National Debt Report Card.--The Secretary shall make 
     an annual report to Congress, included with the budget 
     justification for the Department, of the aggregate dollar 
     amount of increase in the national debt as a result of loans 
     made under part D of this title. This reporting shall be made 
     by calculating the net of the total outstanding amount lent 
     by the Department and the United States Treasury, less the 
     balance in principal of performing and non-defaulted loans 
     outstanding in the Department's portfolio.''.

                         PART E--PERKINS LOANS

     SEC. 461. EXTENSION OF AUTHORITY.

       Section 461(b) (20 U.S.C. 1087aa(b)) is amended--
       (1) in paragraph (1), by striking ``$250,000,000 for fiscal 
     year 1999'' and inserting ``$350,000,000 for fiscal year 
     2009''; and
       (2) in paragraph (2), by striking ``2003'' each place it 
     appears and inserting ``2014''.

     SEC. 462. ALLOWANCE FOR BOOKS AND SUPPLIES.

       Section 462(c)(4)(D) (20 U.S.C. 1087bb(c)(4)(D)) is amended 
     by striking ``$450'' and inserting ``$600''.

     SEC. 463. AGREEMENTS WITH INSTITUTIONS.

       (a) Transfers for Collection.--Section 463(a)(4)(B) (20 
     U.S.C. 1087cc(a)(4)(B)) is amended to read as follows:
       ``(B) if the institution is not one described in 
     subparagraph (A), the Secretary may allow such institution to 
     refer such note or agreement to the Secretary, without 
     recompense, except that any sums collected on such a loan 
     (less an amount not to exceed 30 percent of any such sums 
     collected to cover the Secretary's collection costs) shall be 
     repaid to such institution no later than 180 days after 
     collection by the Secretary and treated as an additional 
     capital contribution under section 462;''.
       (b) Revise Authority To Prescribe Additional Fiscal 
     Controls.--Section 463(a)(9) (20 U.S.C. 1087cc(a)(9)) is 
     amended by inserting ``, except that nothing in this 
     paragraph shall be construed to permit the Secretary to 
     require the assignment of loans to the Secretary other than 
     as is provided for in paragraphs (4) and (5)'' before the 
     period.

     SEC. 464. PERKINS LOAN TERMS AND CONDITIONS.

       (a) Loan Limits.--Section 464(a) (20 U.S.C. 1087dd(a)) is 
     amended--
       (1) in paragraph (2)(A)--
       (A) by striking ``$4,000'' in clause (i) and inserting 
     ``$5,500''; and
       (B) by striking ``$6,000'' in clause (ii) and inserting 
     ``$8,000''; and
       (2) in paragraph (2)(B)--
       (A) by striking ``$40,000'' in clause (i) and inserting 
     ``$60,000'';
       (B) by striking ``$20,000'' in clause (ii) and inserting 
     ``$27,500''; and
       (C) by striking ``$8,000'' in clause (iii) and inserting 
     ``$11,000''.
       (b) Forbearance.--Section 464 (20 U.S.C. 1087dd) is further 
     amended--
       (1) in subsection (e)--
       (A) in the matter preceding paragraph (1), by striking ``, 
     upon written request,'' and inserting ``, as documented in 
     accordance with paragraph (2),'';
       (B) by redesignating paragraphs (1) through (3) as 
     subparagraphs (A) through (C), respectively;
       (C) by inserting ``(1)'' after ``Forbearance.--''; and
       (D) by adding at the end the following:
       ``(2) For the purpose of paragraph (1), the terms of 
     forbearance agreed to by the parties shall be documented by--
       ``(A) confirming the agreement of the borrower by notice to 
     the borrower from the institution of higher education; and
       ``(B) recording the terms in the borrower's file.'';
       (2) in subsection (h)(1)(A), by striking ``12 ontime'' and 
     inserting ``9 on-time''; and
       (3) in subsection (j)(2), by striking ``(e)(3)'' and 
     inserting ``(e)(1)(C)''.

     SEC. 465. CANCELLATION FOR PUBLIC SERVICE.

       Section 465(a) (20 U.S.C. 1087ee(a)) is amended--
       (1) in paragraph (2)--
       (A) by amending subparagraph (A) to read as follows:
       ``(A) as a full-time teacher for service in an academic 
     year in a high-need school;'';
       (B) in subparagraph (B), by striking ``Head Start Act 
     which'' and inserting ``Head Start Act, or in a 
     prekindergarten or child care program that is licensed or 
     regulated by the State, that'';
       (C) in subparagraph (H), by striking ``or'' after the 
     semicolon;
       (D) in subparagraph (I), by striking the period and 
     inserting a semicolon; and
       (E) by inserting before the matter following subparagraph 
     (I) the following:
       ``(J) as a full-time fire fighter for service to a local, 
     State, or Federal fire department or fire district;
       ``(K) as a full-time faculty member at a Tribal College or 
     University, as that term is defined in section 316;
       ``(L) as a librarian, if the librarian has a master's 
     degree in library science and is employed in--
       ``(i) an elementary school or secondary school that is 
     eligible for assistance under title I of the Elementary and 
     Secondary Education Act of 1965; or
       ``(ii) a public library that serves a geographic area that 
     contains 1 or more schools eligible for

[[Page H695]]

     assistance under title I of the Elementary and Secondary 
     Education Act of 1965; or
       ``(M) as a full-time speech language therapist, if the 
     therapist has a master's degree and is working exclusively 
     with schools that are eligible for assistance under title I 
     of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965.''; and
       (2) in paragraph (3)(A)--
       (A) in clause (i)--
       (i) by inserting ``(D),'' after ``(C),''; and
       (ii) by striking ``or (I)'' and inserting ``(I), (J), (K), 
     (L), or (M)'';
       (B) in clause (ii), by inserting ``or'' after the 
     semicolon;
       (C) by striking clause (iii); and
       (D) by redesignating clause (iv) as clause (iii).

                         PART F--NEED ANALYSIS

     SEC. 471. COST OF ATTENDANCE.

       (a) Amendments.--Section 472(3) (20 U.S.C. 1087kk(3)) is 
     amended--
       (1) in subparagraph (B), by striking ``and'' after the 
     semicolon;
       (2) by redesignating subparagraph (C) as subparagraph (D); 
     and
       (3) by inserting after subparagraph (B), as amended by 
     paragraph (1), the following:
       ``(C) for students who live in housing located on a 
     military base or for which a basic allowance is provided 
     under section 403(b) of title 37, United States Code, shall 
     be an allowance based on the expenses reasonably incurred by 
     such students for board but not for room; and''.
       (b) Effective Date.--The amendments made by subsection (a) 
     shall take effect on July 1, 2009.

     SEC. 472. DISCRETION TO MAKE ADJUSTMENTS FOR NURSING HOME 
                   EXPENSES.

       Section 479A(a) (20 U.S.C. 1087tt) is amended by striking 
     ``medical or dental expenses'' and inserting ``medical, 
     dental, or nursing home expenses''.

     SEC. 473. DEFINITIONS.

       (a) Total Income.--Section 480(a) (20 U.S.C. 1087vv(a)) is 
     amended by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
       ``(3) Notwithstanding paragraph (1), with respect to 
     dislocated workers (as defined in section 101 of the 
     Workforce Investment Act of 1998 (29 U.S.C. 2801)), the term 
     `total income' is equal to estimated adjusted gross income 
     plus estimated untaxed income and benefits for the current 
     tax year minus estimated excludable income (as defined in 
     subsection (e)) in for the current tax year.''.
       (b) Untaxed Income and Benefits.--Section 480(b)(6) (20 
     U.S.C. 1087vv(b)(6)) is amended by inserting ``, except that 
     the value of on-base military housing or the value of basic 
     allowance for housing determined under section 403(b) of 
     title 37, United States Code, received by the parents, in the 
     case of a dependent student, or the student or student's 
     spouse, in the case of an independent student, shall be 
     excluded'' before the semicolon.
       (c) Treatment of Veterans' Education Benefits in Estimated 
     Financial Assistance Calculation.--Section 480(j) (20 U.S.C. 
     1087vv(j)) is amended by adding at the end the following new 
     paragraph:
       ``(4) Notwithstanding paragraph (1), for the first year a 
     student receives veterans' education benefits under chapter 
     30 of title 38, United States Code, the amount of such 
     veterans' education benefits that is treated as estimated 
     financial assistance not received under this title for the 
     purposes of section 471(3) shall be calculated by subtracting 
     the amount that the student's basic pay was reduced under 
     section 3011(b) or 3012(c) of such title in order to be 
     eligible to receive such benefits from the amount of such 
     veterans' education benefits.''.
       (d) Effective Date.--The amendments made by this section 
     are effective on July 1, 2009.

                       PART G--GENERAL PROVISIONS

     SEC. 481. COMPLIANCE CALENDAR.

       Section 482 (20 U.S.C. 1089) is amended by adding at the 
     end the following:
       ``(e) Compliance Calendar.--Prior to the beginning of each 
     award year, the Secretary shall provide to institutions of 
     higher education a list of all the reports and disclosures 
     required under this Act. The list shall include--
       ``(1) the date each report or disclosure is required to be 
     completed and to be submitted, made available, or 
     disseminated;
       ``(2) the required recipients of each report or disclosure;
       ``(3) any required method for transmittal or dissemination 
     of each report or disclosure;
       ``(4) a description of the content of each report or 
     disclosure sufficient to allow the institution to identify 
     the appropriate individuals to be assigned the responsibility 
     for such report or disclosure;
       ``(5) references to the statutory authority, applicable 
     regulations, and current guidance issued by the Secretary 
     regarding each report or disclosure; and
       ``(6) any other information which is pertinent to the 
     content or distribution of the report or disclosure.''.

     SEC. 482. IMPROVEMENTS TO PAPER AND ELECTRONIC FORMS AND 
                   PROCESSES.

       (a) Common Financial Aid Form Development and Processing.--
     Section 483 (20 U.S.C. 1090) is amended--
       (1) in subsection (a)--
       (A) by striking paragraphs (1), (2), and (5);
       (B) by redesignating paragraphs (3), (4), (6), and (7), as 
     paragraphs (9), (10), (11), and (12), respectively;
       (C) by inserting before paragraph (9), as redesignated by 
     subparagraph (B), the following:
       ``(1) In general.--The Secretary, in cooperation with 
     representatives of agencies and organizations involved in 
     student financial assistance, shall produce, distribute, and 
     process free of charge common financial reporting forms as 
     described in this subsection to be used for application and 
     reapplication to determine the need and eligibility of a 
     student for financial assistance under parts A through E 
     (other than subpart 4 of part A). These forms shall be made 
     available to applicants in both paper and electronic formats 
     and shall be referred to as the `Free Application for Federal 
     Student Aid' or the `FAFSA' . The Secretary shall work to 
     make the FAFSA consumer-friendly and to make questions on the 
     FAFSA easy for students and parents to read and understand, 
     and shall ensure that the FAFSA is available in formats 
     accessible to individuals with disabilities.
       ``(2) Early estimates.--The Secretary shall--
       ``(A) permit applicants to enter data in such forms as 
     described in this subsection in the years prior to enrollment 
     in order to obtain a non-binding estimate of the applicant's 
     family contribution (as defined in section 473);
       ``(B) permit applicants to update information submitted on 
     forms described in this subsection, without needing to re-
     enter previously submitted information;
       ``(C) develop a means to inform applicants, in the years 
     prior to enrollment, of student aid options for individuals 
     in similar financial situations; and
       ``(D) develop a means to provide a clear and conspicuous 
     notice that the applicant's expected family contribution is 
     subject to change and may not reflect the final expected 
     family contribution used to determine Federal student 
     financial aid award amounts.
       ``(3) Paper format.--
       ``(A) In general.--The Secretary shall produce, distribute, 
     and process common forms in paper format to meet the 
     requirements of paragraph (1). The Secretary shall develop a 
     common paper form for applicants who do not meet the 
     requirements of subparagraph (B).
       ``(B) EZ fafsa.--
       ``(i) In general.--The Secretary shall develop and use a 
     simplified paper application form, to be known as the EZ 
     FAFSA, to be used for applicants meeting the requirements of 
     subsections (b) and (c) of section 479.
       ``(ii) Reduced data requirements.--The EZ FAFSA shall 
     permit an applicant to submit for financial assistance 
     purposes, only the data elements required to make a 
     determination of whether the applicant meets the requirements 
     under subsections (b) and (c) of section 479.
       ``(iii) State data.--The Secretary shall include on the EZ 
     FAFSA such data items as may be necessary to award State 
     financial assistance, as provided under paragraph (6), except 
     that the Secretary shall not include a State's data if that 
     State does not permit its applicants to use the EZ FAFSA for 
     State assistance.
       ``(iv) Free availability and processing.--The provisions of 
     paragraph (7) shall apply to the EZ FAFSA, and the data 
     collected by means of the EZ FAFSA shall be available to 
     institutions of higher education, guaranty agencies, and 
     States in accordance with paragraph (9).
       ``(v) Testing.--The Secretary shall conduct appropriate 
     field testing on the EZ FAFSA.
       ``(C) Promoting the use of electronic fafsa.--
       ``(i) In general.--The Secretary shall make all efforts to 
     encourage all applicants to utilize the electronic forms 
     described in paragraph (4).
       ``(ii) Maintenance of the fafsa in a printable electronic 
     file.--The Secretary shall maintain a version of the paper 
     forms described in subparagraphs (A) and (B) in a printable 
     electronic file that is easily portable. The printable 
     electronic file will be made easily accessible and 
     downloadable to students on the same website used to provide 
     students with the electronic application forms described in 
     paragraph (4) of this subsection. The Secretary shall enable 
     students to submit a form created under this subparagraph 
     that may be downloaded and printed from an electronic file 
     format in order to meet the filing requirements of this 
     section and in order to receive aid from programs under this 
     title.
       ``(iii) Reporting requirement.--The Secretary shall report 
     annually to Congress on the impact of the digital divide on 
     students completing applications for title IV aid described 
     under this paragraph and paragraph (4). The Secretary will 
     also report on the steps taken to eliminate the digital 
     divide and reduce production of the paper form described in 
     subparagraph (A) of this paragraph. The Secretary's report 
     will specifically address the impact of the digital divide on 
     the following student populations: independent students, 
     traditionally underrepresented students, and dependent 
     students.
       ``(4) Electronic format.--
       ``(A) In general.--The Secretary shall produce, distribute, 
     and process common forms in electronic format to meet the 
     requirements of paragraph (1). The Secretary shall develop 
     common electronic forms for applicants who do not meet the 
     requirements of subparagraph (C) of this paragraph.
       ``(B) State data.--The Secretary shall include on the 
     common electronic forms space for information that needs to 
     be entered for the applicant to be eligible for State 
     financial assistance, as provided under paragraph (6), except 
     the Secretary shall not require applicants to enter data 
     required by any State other than the applicant's State of 
     residence.
       ``(C) Simplified applications: fafsa on the web.--
       ``(i) In general.--The Secretary shall develop and use a 
     simplified electronic application form to be used by 
     applicants meeting the requirements under subsections (b) and 
     (c) of section 479.
       ``(ii) Reduced data requirements.--The simplified 
     electronic application forms shall permit an applicant to 
     submit for financial assistance purposes, only the data 
     elements required to make a determination of whether the 
     applicant meets the requirements under subsection (b) or (c) 
     of section 479.
       ``(iii) State data.--The Secretary shall include on the 
     simplified electronic application

[[Page H696]]

     forms such data items as may be necessary to award State 
     financial assistance, as provided under paragraph (6), except 
     that the Secretary shall not require applicants to enter data 
     required by any State other than the applicant's State of 
     residence.
       ``(iv) Availability and processing.--The data collected by 
     means of the simplified electronic application forms shall be 
     available to institutions of higher education, guaranty 
     agencies, and States in accordance with paragraph (9).
       ``(v) Testing.--The Secretary shall conduct appropriate 
     field testing on the forms developed under this subparagraph.
       ``(D) Use of forms.--Nothing in this subsection shall be 
     construed to prohibit the use of the forms developed by the 
     Secretary pursuant to this paragraph by an eligible 
     institution, eligible lender, guaranty agency, State grant 
     agency, private computer software provider, a consortium 
     thereof, or such other entities as the Secretary may 
     designate.
       ``(E) Privacy.--The Secretary shall ensure that data 
     collection under this paragraph complies with section 552a of 
     title 5, United States Code, and that any entity using the 
     electronic version of the forms developed by the Secretary 
     pursuant to this paragraph shall maintain reasonable and 
     appropriate administrative, technical, and physical 
     safeguards to ensure the integrity and confidentiality of the 
     information, and to protect against security threats, or 
     unauthorized uses or disclosures of the information provided 
     on the electronic version of the forms. Data collected by 
     such electronic version of the forms shall be used only for 
     the application, award, and administration of aid awarded 
     under this title, State aid awarded under section 415C, or 
     aid awarded by eligible institutions or such entities as the 
     Secretary may designate. No data collected by such electronic 
     version of the forms shall be used for making final aid 
     awards under this title until such data have been processed 
     by the Secretary or a contractor or designee of the 
     Secretary, except as may be permitted under this title.
       ``(F) Signature.--Notwithstanding any other provision of 
     this Act, the Secretary may permit an electronic form under 
     this paragraph to be submitted without a signature, if a 
     signature is subsequently submitted by the applicant or if 
     the applicant uses a personal identification number provided 
     by the Secretary under subparagraph (G) of this paragraph.
       ``(G) Personal identification numbers authorized.--The 
     Secretary may assign to applicants personal identification 
     numbers--
       ``(i) to enable the applicants to use such numbers in lieu 
     of a signature for purposes of completing a form under this 
     paragraph;
       ``(ii) to enable the applicants to use such numbers in lieu 
     of a signature for purposes of completing forms required by 
     States under section 415C; and
       ``(iii) for any purpose determined by the Secretary to 
     enable the Secretary to carry out this title.
       ``(H) Personal identification number improvement.--The 
     Secretary shall implement a real-time data match between the 
     Social Security Administration and the Department to minimize 
     the time required for an applicant to obtain a personal 
     identification number when applying for aid under this title 
     through an electronic version of a form developed under this 
     paragraph.
       ``(5) Streamlining.--
       ``(A) Streamlined reapplication process.--
       ``(i) In general.--The Secretary shall develop streamlined 
     reapplication forms and processes, including both paper and 
     electronic reapplication processes, consistent with the 
     requirements of this subsection, for an applicant who applies 
     for financial assistance under this title in the next 
     succeeding academic year subsequent to the year in which such 
     applicant first applied for financial assistance under this 
     title.
       ``(ii) Mechanisms for reapplication.--The Secretary shall 
     develop appropriate mechanisms to support reapplication.
       ``(iii) Identification of updated data.--The Secretary 
     shall determine, in cooperation with States, institutions of 
     higher education, agencies, and organizations involved in 
     student financial assistance, the data elements that can be 
     updated from the previous academic year's application.
       ``(iv) Reduced data authorized.--Nothing in this title 
     shall be construed as limiting the authority of the Secretary 
     to reduce the number of data elements required of 
     reapplicants.
       ``(v) Zero family contribution.--Applicants determined to 
     have a zero family contribution pursuant to section 479(c) 
     shall not be required to provide any financial data in a 
     reapplication form, except that which is necessary to 
     determine eligibility under such section.
       ``(B) Reduction of data elements.--
       ``(i) Reduction encouraged.--Of the number of data elements 
     on the FAFSA on the date of enactment of the College 
     Opportunity and Affordability Act of 2007 (including 
     questions on the FAFSA for the purposes described in 
     paragraph (6)), the Secretary, in cooperation with 
     representatives of agencies and organizations involved in 
     student financial assistance, shall continue to reduce the 
     number of such data elements required to be entered by all 
     applicants, with the goal of reducing such number by 50 
     percent. Reductions of data elements under paragraph (3)(B), 
     (4)(C), or (5)(A)(iv) shall not be counted towards such 
     reduction unless those data elements are reduced for all 
     applicants.
       ``(ii) Report.--The Secretary shall submit a report on the 
     process of this reduction to each the authorizing committees 
     within 2 years after such date of enactment.
       ``(6) State requirements.--
       ``(A) In general.--The Secretary shall include on the forms 
     developed under this subsection, such State-specific 
     nonfinancial data items as the Secretary determines are 
     necessary to meet State requirements for need-based State aid 
     under section 415C, except as provided in paragraphs 
     (3)(B)(iii) and (4)(C)(iii) of this subsection. Such items 
     shall be selected in consultation with State agencies that 
     submit applications under section 415C in order to assist in 
     the awarding of State financial assistance in accordance with 
     the terms of this subsection, except as provided in 
     paragraphs (3)(B)(iii) and (4)(C)(iii) of this subsection. 
     The number of such data items shall not be less than the 
     number included on the form for the 2008-2009 academic year, 
     unless a State notifies the Secretary that the State no 
     longer requires those data items for the distribution of 
     State need-based aid.
       ``(B) Annual review.--The Secretary shall conduct an annual 
     review process to determine which forms and nonfinancial data 
     items the States require to award need-based State aid and 
     other application requirements that the States may impose.
       ``(C) State use of simplified forms.--The Secretary shall 
     encourage States to take such steps as necessary to encourage 
     the use of simplified application forms, including those 
     described in paragraphs (3)(B) and (4)(C), to meet the 
     requirements under subsection (b) or (c) of section 479.
       ``(D) Federal register notice.--The Secretary shall publish 
     on an annual basis a notice in the Federal Register requiring 
     State agencies to inform the Secretary--
       ``(i) if the State agency is unable to permit applicants to 
     utilize the simplified application forms described in 
     paragraphs (3)(B) and (4)(C); and
       ``(ii) of the State-specific nonfinancial data that the 
     State agency requires for delivery of State need-based 
     financial aid.
       ``(E) State notification to the secretary.--
       ``(i) In general.--Each State agency that submits an 
     application under section 415C shall notify the Secretary--

       ``(I) whether the State permits an applicant to file a form 
     described in paragraph (3)(B) or (4)(A) of this subsection 
     for purposes of determining eligibility for State need-based 
     grant aid; and
       ``(II) the State-specific nonfinancial data that the State 
     agency requires for delivery of State need-based financial 
     aid.

       ``(ii) Acceptance of forms.--In the event that a State does 
     not permit an applicant to file a form described in paragraph 
     (3)(B) or (4)(A) of this subsection for purposes of 
     determining eligibility for State need-based grant aid--

       ``(I) the State shall notify the Secretary if the State is 
     not permitted to do so because of either State law or because 
     of agency policy; and
       ``(II) the notification under subclause (I) shall include 
     an estimate of the program cost to permit applicants to 
     complete simplified application forms under paragraphs (3)(B) 
     and (4)(A) of this subsection.

       ``(iii) Lack of notification by the state.--If a State does 
     not notify the Secretary pursuant to clause (i), the 
     Secretary shall--

       ``(I) permit residents of that State to complete simplified 
     application forms under paragraphs (3)(B) and (4)(A) of this 
     subsection; and
       ``(II) not require any resident of that State to complete 
     any nonfinancial data previously required by that State under 
     this section.

       ``(7) Charges to students and parents for use of forms 
     prohibited.--
       ``(A) Fees prohibited.--The FAFSA, in whatever form 
     (including the EZ FAFSA, paper, electronic, simplified, or 
     reapplication), shall be produced, distributed, and processed 
     by the Secretary and no parent or student shall be charged a 
     fee for the collection, processing, or delivery of financial 
     aid through the use of the FAFSA. The need and eligibility of 
     a student for financial assistance under parts A through E of 
     this title (other than under subpart 4 of part A) may only be 
     determined by using the FAFSA developed by the Secretary 
     pursuant to this subsection. No student may receive 
     assistance under parts A through E of this title (other than 
     under subpart 4 of part A), except by use of the FAFSA 
     developed by the Secretary pursuant to this subsection. No 
     data collected on a form for which a fee is charged shall be 
     used to complete the FAFSA.
       ``(B) Notice.--Any entity that provides to students and 
     parents, or charges students or parents for, any value-added 
     services with respect to or in connection with the FAFSA, 
     such as completion of the FAFSA, submission of the FAFSA, or 
     tracking of the FAFSA for a student, shall provide to 
     students and parents clear and conspicuous notice that--
       ``(i) the FAFSA is a free Federal student aid application;
       ``(ii) the FAFSA can be completed without professional 
     assistance; and
       ``(iii) includes the current Internet address for the FAFSA 
     on the Department's web site.
       ``(8) Application processing cycle.--The Secretary shall 
     enable students to submit a form created under this 
     subsection in order to meet the filing requirements of this 
     section and in order to receive aid from programs under this 
     title and shall initiate the processing of applications under 
     this subsection as early as practicable prior to October 15 
     of the year prior to the student's planned year of 
     enrollment.'';
       (2) by adding at the end of subsection (a) the following 
     paragraph:
       ``(13) Early application and award demonstration program.--
       ``(A) Program required.--The Secretary shall, no later than 
     two years after the date of the enactment of the College 
     Opportunity and Affordability Act of 2007, implement an early 
     application demonstration program enabling dependent students 
     to--
       ``(i) complete applications under this subsection in such 
     students' junior year of secondary school, or in the academic 
     year that is 2 years prior to such students' intended year of

[[Page H697]]

     enrollment at an institution of higher education;
       ``(ii) receive an estimate of such students' financial aid 
     awards;
       ``(iii) update, in the year prior to such students' planned 
     year of enrollment, the information contained in an 
     application submitted under clause (i), using the process 
     described in paragraph (5) to determine such students' final 
     financial aid awards; and
       ``(iv) receive final financial aid awards based on updated 
     information described in clause (iii).
       ``(B) Purpose and objectives.--The purpose of the 
     demonstration program under this paragraph shall be to 
     measure the benefits, in terms of student aspirations and 
     plans to attend college, and the adverse effects, in terms of 
     program costs, integrity, distribution, and delivery of aid 
     under this title, of implementing an early application system 
     for all dependent students that allows dependent students to 
     apply for financial aid using information from the year prior 
     to the year prior to enrollment. Additional objectives 
     associated with implementation of the demonstration program 
     are the following:
       ``(i) Measure the feasibility of enabling dependent 
     students to apply for Federal, State, and institutional 
     financial aid in their junior year of high school, using 
     information from the year prior to the year prior to 
     enrollment, by completing any of the application forms under 
     this subsection.
       ``(ii) Identify whether receiving final financial aid 
     awards no later than the fall of the senior year provides 
     students with additional time to compete for the limited 
     resources available for State and institutional financial aid 
     and positively impacts the college aspirations and plans of 
     these students.
       ``(iii) Measure the impact of using income information from 
     the years prior to enrollment on--

       ``(I) eligibility for financial aid under this title and 
     for other State and institutional aid; and
       ``(II) the cost of financial aid programs under this title.

       ``(iv) Effectively evaluate the benefits and adverse 
     effects of the demonstration program on program costs, 
     integrity, distribution, and delivery of aid.
       ``(C) Participants.--The Secretary shall select States and 
     institutions within those States to participate in the 
     demonstration program under this paragraph that are 
     participating in the programs under this title and that are 
     willing to make final financial aid awards to students based 
     on their application information from the year prior to the 
     year prior to enrollment. The Secretary shall also select as 
     participants in the demonstration program secondary schools 
     and dependent students that are located in the participating 
     States.
       ``(D) Application process.--The Secretary shall insure that 
     the following provisions are included in the demonstration 
     program:
       ``(i) Participating States and institutions shall--

       ``(I) encourage participating students to apply for 
     estimates of financial aid awards as provided under this 
     title in such students' junior year of secondary school, or 
     in the academic year that is 2 years prior to such students' 
     intended year of enrollment at an institution of higher 
     education, using the most recent information available; and
       ``(II) make final financial aid awards to participating 
     students based on the updated information contained on a form 
     submitted using the process described in paragraph (5).

       ``(ii) Financial aid administrators at participating 
     institutions shall be allowed to use their discretion in 
     awarding financial aid to participating students, as outlined 
     under section 479A and section 480(d)(7).
       ``(E) Evaluation.--The Secretary shall conduct a rigorous 
     evaluation of this demonstration program in order to measure 
     its benefits and adverse effects as indicated under 
     subparagraph (A).
       ``(F) Outreach.--The Secretary shall make appropriate 
     efforts in order to notify States of the demonstration 
     program under this paragraph. Upon determination of 
     participating States, the Secretary shall continue to make 
     efforts to notify institutions and dependent students within 
     participating States of the opportunity to participate in the 
     demonstration program and of the participation requirements.
       ``(G) Consultation.--The Secretary shall consult with the 
     Advisory Committee on Student Financial Assistance, 
     established under section 491, on the design and 
     implementation of the demonstration program and on the 
     evaluation described in subparagraph (E).'';
       (3) by striking subsection (b); and
       (4) by redesignating subsections (c), (d), and (e) as 
     subsections (b), (c), and (d), respectively.
       (b) Master Calendar.--Section 482(a)(1) (20 U.S.C. 
     1089(a)(1)) is amended by striking subparagraphs (B) and (C) 
     and inserting the following:
       ``(B) by March 1: proposed modifications, updates, and 
     notices pursuant to sections 478 and 483(a)(6) published in 
     the Federal Register;
       ``(C) by June 1: final modifications, updates, and notices 
     pursuant to sections 478 and 483(a)(6) published in the 
     Federal Register;''.
       (c) Model Institution Financial Aid Offer Form.--
       (1) Report and model format.--Not later than 1 year after 
     the date of enactment of the College Opportunity and 
     Affordability Act of 2007, the Secretary shall--
       (A) prepare a report on the adequacy of the financial aid 
     offer forms provided by institutions of higher education to 
     students and the parents of such students, after consulting 
     with--
       (i) students;
       (ii) parents of students;
       (iii) representatives of institutions of higher education 
     (including financial aid administrators, registrars, and 
     business officers); and
       (iv) consumer groups that receive no commercial or 
     institution of higher education support;
       (B) include in the report a model format for financial aid 
     offer forms that--
       (i) is based on the report's findings; and
       (ii) includes the information described in paragraph (2); 
     and
       (C)(i) submit the report and model format to the 
     authorizing committees (as defined in section 103 of the 
     Higher Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 1003); and
       (ii) make the report and model format available to 
     institutions of higher education, lenders, and the public.
       (2) Model format contents.--The model financial aid offer 
     format developed under paragraph (1) shall present, in a 
     consumer-friendly manner, the following information:
       (A) The student's cost of attendance for the year for which 
     the institution of higher education is issuing the financial 
     aid offer form, including the actual or estimated costs 
     included in the cost of attendance for such year for each of 
     the following:
       (i) Tuition and fees.
       (ii) Room and board costs.
       (iii) Books and supplies.
       (iv) Transportation.
       (B) The amount of financial aid that the student does not 
     have to repay, such as scholarships and grants, offered to 
     the student for such year.
       (C) The conditions under which the financial aid described 
     in subparagraph (B) is renewable each year.
       (D) The amount of work-study assistance offered to the 
     student for such year, and the conditions under which the 
     student has to fulfill the work-study assistance.
       (E) The types and amounts of loans under part B, D, or E of 
     title IV for which the student is eligible for such year, and 
     the interest rate, loan term, monthly repayment amount, and 
     total repayment amount of each such loan.
       (F) The types and amounts of loans under 428B or Federal 
     Direct PLUS loans under section 455 for which a parent of the 
     student is eligible for such year, and the interest rate, 
     loan term, monthly repayment amount, and total repayment 
     amount of each such loan.
       (G) The net amount that the student or the student's parent 
     will have to pay to attend the institution for such year, 
     which amount shall be the difference between--
       (i) the cost of attendance for the student for such year; 
     less
       (ii) the amount of financial aid offered by the covered 
     institution in the financial aid offer form.
       (H) Where a student or the student's parent can seek 
     additional information regarding the financial aid offered.
       (I) Any other information the Secretary determines 
     necessary so that students and parents can make informed 
     student loan borrowing decisions.

     SEC. 483. INCREASING ACCESS TO TECHNOLOGY.

       Section 483 (20 U.S.C. 1087ss) is further amended by adding 
     at the end the following:
       ``(e) Addressing the Digital Divide.--The Secretary shall 
     utilize savings accrued by moving more applicants to the 
     electronic forms described in subsection (a)(4) to improve 
     access to the electronic forms described in subsection (a)(4) 
     for applicants meeting the requirements of section 479(b) or 
     (c).''.

     SEC. 484. SENSE OF THE CONGRESS; REPORT.

       (a) Sense of Congress.--It is the sense of the Congress 
     that--
       (1) in order to simplify the Free Application for Federal 
     Student Aid (FAFSA), which serves as an entry point for the 
     scholarships, grants, loans, and work-study assistance that 
     make it possible for millions of students to attend college, 
     the Secretary of Education and the Secretary of the Treasury 
     should work together to develop a process by which the 
     Department of Education will, with the aid applicant's 
     permission, draw income information directly from the 
     Internal Revenue Service for the purpose of completing the EZ 
     FAFSA, the FAFSA, and FAFSA renewal applications and 
     providing early estimates of aid eligibility; and
       (2) this process would--
       (A) ease the burden of reporting income-related information 
     for applicants;
       (B) increase the efficiency, accuracy, and security of the 
     FAFSA filing process;
       (C) significantly reduce the need for further verification 
     by the Department of Education, institutions, and applicants; 
     and
       (D) protect the security, privacy, and safety of all data 
     used in the FAFSA filing process.
       (b) Report.--The Secretary of Education shall, within one 
     year after the date of enactment of this Act--
       (1) provide the Congress with information on the progress 
     in devising the simplified process described in subsection 
     (a); and
       (2) inform the Congress of any necessary statutory changes 
     for the purpose of increasing the efficiency and 
     effectiveness of the FAFSA application process.

     SEC. 485. STUDENT ELIGIBILITY.

       (a) Amendments.--Section 484 (20 U.S.C. 1091) is amended--
       (1) in subsection (a)--
       (A) in paragraph (4)(B), by striking ``the Republic of the 
     Marshall Islands, the Federated States of Micronesia, or''; 
     and
       (B) in paragraph (5), by striking ``a citizen of any one of 
     the Freely Associated States'' and inserting ``or, to the 
     extent described in subsection (j), a citizen of the Republic 
     of Palau'';
       (2) by amending subsection (j) to read as follows:
       ``(j) Assistance Under Subpart 1 of Part A for Students 
     From Palau.--Notwithstanding any other provision of law, a 
     student shall be eligible until September 30, 2009, for 
     assistance under subpart 1 of part A if the student is 
     otherwise qualified and--
       ``(1) is a citizen of the Republic of Palau and attends an 
     institution of higher education in a

[[Page H698]]

     State or a public or nonprofit private institution of higher 
     education in the Freely Associated States; or
       ``(2) meets the requirements of subsection (a)(5) and 
     attends a public or nonprofit private institution of higher 
     education in any one of the Freely Associated States.'';
       (3) by striking subsection (l) and inserting the following:
       ``(l) Courses Offered Through Distance Education.--
       ``(1) Relation to correspondence courses.--
       ``(A) In general.--A student enrolled in a course of 
     instruction at an institution of higher education that is 
     offered principally through distance education and leads to a 
     recognized certificate, or associate, baccalaureate, or 
     graduate degree, conferred by such institution, shall not be 
     considered to be enrolled in correspondence courses.
       ``(B) Exception.--An institution of higher education 
     referred to in subparagraph (A) shall not include an 
     institution or school described in section 3(3)(C) of the 
     Carl D. Perkins Career and Technical Education Act of 2006.
       ``(2) Restriction or reductions of financial aid.--A 
     student's eligibility to receive grants, loans, or work 
     assistance under this title shall be reduced if a financial 
     aid officer determines under the discretionary authority 
     provided in section 479A that distance education results in a 
     substantially reduced cost of attendance to such student.
       ``(3) Special rule.--For award years prior to July 1, 2008, 
     the Secretary shall not take any compliance, disallowance, 
     penalty, or other action against a student or an eligible 
     institution when such action arises out of such institution's 
     prior award of student assistance under this title if the 
     institution demonstrates to the satisfaction of the Secretary 
     that its course of instruction would have been in conformance 
     with the requirements of this subsection.'';
       (4) in subsection (r)(2)--
       (A) in subparagraph (A), by striking ``or'' at the end of 
     clause (ii);
       (B) by redesignating subparagraph (B) as subparagraph (C); 
     and
       (C) by inserting after subparagraph (A) the following new 
     subparagraph:
       ``(B) the student successfully passes two unannounced drug 
     tests conducted by a drug rehabilitation program that 
     complies with such criteria as the Secretary shall prescribe 
     in regulations for purposes of subparagraph (A)(i); or''; and
       (5) by adding at the end the following:
       ``(s) Students With Intellectual Disabilities.--
       ``(1) In general.--Notwithstanding subsections (a), (c), 
     and (d), in order to receive any grant or work assistance 
     under section 401 and subpart 3 of part A and part C of this 
     title, a student with an intellectual disability shall--
       ``(A) be an individual with an intellectual disability 
     whose mental retardation or other significant cognitive 
     impairment substantially impacts the individual's 
     intellectual and cognitive functioning;
       ``(B)(i) be a student eligible for assistance under the 
     Individuals with Disabilities Education Act who has completed 
     secondary school; or
       ``(ii) be an individual who was, but is no longer, eligible 
     for assistance under the Individuals with Disabilities 
     Education Act because the individual has exceeded the maximum 
     age for which the State provides a free appropriate public 
     education;
       ``(C) be enrolled or accepted for enrollment in a 
     comprehensive transition and postsecondary education program 
     that--
       ``(i) is designed to support students with an intellectual 
     disability who are seeking to continue academic, vocational, 
     and independent living instruction at the institution in 
     order to prepare for gainful employment and independent 
     living;
       ``(ii) includes an advising and curriculum structure; and
       ``(iii) requires students to participate on at least a 
     half-time basis, as determined by the institution, 
     including--

       ``(I) regular enrollment in courses offered by the 
     institution;
       ``(II) auditing or participating in courses offered by the 
     institution for which the student does not receive regular 
     academic credit;
       ``(III) enrollment in noncredit, nondegree courses;
       ``(IV) participation in internships; or
       ``(V) a combination of 2 or more of the activities 
     described in clauses (i) through (iv);

       ``(D) be maintaining satisfactory progress in the program 
     as determined by the institution, in accordance with 
     standards established by the institution; and
       ``(E) meet the requirements of paragraphs (3), (4), (5), 
     and (6) of subsection (a).
       ``(2) Regulations.--Notwithstanding rules applicable to 
     grant or work assistance awards made under section 401 of 
     part A, subpart 3 of part A, and part C of this title, 
     including with respect to eligible programs, instructional 
     time, credit status, and enrollment status as described in 
     section 481, the Secretary shall promulgate regulations 
     allowing programs enrolling students with intellectual 
     disabilities otherwise determined to be eligible under this 
     subsection to receive such awards.
       ``(t) Data Analysis on Access to Federal Student Aid For 
     Certain Populations.--
       ``(1) Development of the system.--Within one year of 
     enactment of the College Opportunity and Affordability Act of 
     2007, the Secretary shall, in consultation with the Central 
     Processing System, analyze data from the FAFSA containing 
     information regarding the number, characteristics, and 
     circumstances of students denied Federal student aid based on 
     a drug conviction while receiving Federal aid.
       ``(2) Results from analysis.--The results from the analysis 
     of such information shall be made available on a continuous 
     basis via the Department of Education website and the Digest 
     of Education and Statistics.
       ``(3) Data updating.--The data analyzed under this 
     subsection shall be updated at the beginning of each award 
     year and at least one additional time during such award year.
       ``(4) Report to congress.--The Secretary shall prepare and 
     submit to the authorizing committees of the Congress, in each 
     fiscal year, a report describing the results obtained by the 
     establishment and operation of the data system authorized by 
     this subsection.''.
       (b) Effective Date.--The amendments made by this section 
     shall take affect on July 1, 2009.

     SEC. 486. ASSESSMENT OF COSTS AND OTHER CHARGES.

       Section 484A(b) (20 U.S.C. 1091a(b)) is amended--
       (1) by striking ``and'' at the end of paragraph (1);
       (2) by striking the period at the end of paragraph (2) and 
     inserting ``; and''; and
       (3) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
       ``(3) in collecting any obligation arising from a loan made 
     under part E of this title, an institution of higher 
     education that has an agreement with the Secretary pursuant 
     to section 463(a) shall not be subject to a defense raised by 
     any borrower based on a claim of infancy.''.

     SEC. 487. READMISSION REQUIREMENTS FOR SERVICEMEMBERS.

       Section 484B(a)(2) (20 U.S.C. 1091b(a)(2)) is amended by 
     adding at the end the following new subparagraph:
       ``(C) Readmission requirements for servicemembers.--Any 
     institution of higher education that requires any student--
       ``(i) who is a member of the Armed Forces of the United 
     States, or a member of such Armed Forces in a retired status, 
     including members of the National Guard or other reserve 
     component,
       ``(ii) who is on active duty, or is called or ordered to 
     active duty (as defined in section 481(d)), and
       ``(iii) whose attendance at such institution is interrupted 
     by such active duty,
     to apply for readmission to such institution of higher 
     education after the conclusion of such active duty shall 
     submit to the Secretary a statement justifying such 
     requirement.''.

     SEC. 488. INSTITUTIONAL AND FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE INFORMATION 
                   FOR STUDENTS.

       (a) Disclosure of Policies and Sanctions Related to 
     Copyright Infringement.--Section 485(a)(1) (20 U.S.C. 
     1092(a)(1)) is amended--
       (1) by striking ``and'' at the end of subparagraph (N);
       (2) by striking the period at the end of subparagraph (O) 
     and inserting ``; and'' ; and
       (3) by adding at the end the following new subparagraph:
       ``(P) institutional policies and sanctions related to 
     copyright infringement, including--
       ``(i) an annual disclosure that explicitly informs students 
     that unauthorized distribution of copyrighted material, 
     including unauthorized peer-to-peer file sharing, may subject 
     the students to civil and criminal liabilities;
       ``(ii) a summary of the penalties for violation of Federal 
     copyright laws;
       ``(iii) a description of the institution's policies with 
     respect to unauthorized peer-to-peer file sharing, including 
     disciplinary actions that are taken against students who 
     engage in unauthorized distribution of copyrighted materials 
     using the institution's information technology system; and
       ``(iv) a description of actions that the institution takes 
     to prevent and detect unauthorized distribution of 
     copyrighted material on the institution's information 
     technology system.''.
       (b) Criminal Offenses Reported.--Section 485(f)(1) (20 
     U.S.C. 1092(f)(1)) is amended--
       (1) in the matter preceding subparagraph (A), by inserting 
     ``, other than a foreign institution of higher education,'' 
     after ``under this title''; and
       (2) in subparagraph (F)--
       (A) by striking clause (i) and inserting the following:
       ``(i) of the following criminal offenses reported to campus 
     security authorities or local police agencies:

       ``(I) murder;
       ``(II) sex offenses, forcible or nonforcible;
       ``(III) robbery;
       ``(IV) aggravated assault;
       ``(V) intimidation;
       ``(VI) burglary;
       ``(VII) larceny-theft;
       ``(VIII) motor vehicle theft;
       ``(IX) destruction, damage, or vandalism of property;
       ``(X) simple assault;
       ``(XI) manslaughter;
       ``(XII) arson; and
       ``(XIII) arrests or persons referred for campus 
     disciplinary action for liquor law violations, drug-related 
     violations, and weapons possession; and''; and

       (B) in clause (ii), by striking ``of the crimes described 
     in subclauses (I) through (VIII)'' and inserting ``for 
     degree-granting institutions only, of the crimes described in 
     subclauses (I) through (XII)''; and
       (3) by adding at the end the following new subparagraph:
       ``(J) A statement of current campus policies regarding 
     immediate emergency response and evacuation procedures, 
     including the use of electronic and cellular communication 
     (if appropriate), which shall include procedures--
       ``(i) to notify the campus community in not more than 30 
     minutes in the event of a significant emergency or dangerous 
     situation, involving an immediate threat to the health or 
     safety of students or staff, occurring on the campus, in or 
     on noncampus buildings or property, and on public property;

[[Page H699]]

       ``(ii) to publicize emergency response and evacuation 
     procedures on an annual basis in a manner designed to reach 
     students and staff; and
       ``(iii) to test emergency response and evacuation 
     procedures on an annual basis.''.
       (c) Additional Amendment.--Section 485(f) is further 
     amended--
       (1) by redesignating paragraph (15) as paragraph (18); and
       (2) by inserting after paragraph (14) the following:
       ``(15) Compliance report.--The Secretary shall annually 
     report to the authorizing committees regarding compliance 
     with this subsection by institutions of higher education, 
     including an up-to-date report on the Secretary's monitoring 
     of such compliance.
       ``(16) Best practices.--The Secretary may seek the advice 
     and counsel of the Attorney General concerning the 
     development, and dissemination to institutions of higher 
     education, of best practices information about campus safety 
     and emergencies.
       ``(17) Retaliation prohibited.--No participating 
     institution or officer, employee, or agent of the institution 
     shall intimidate, threaten, coerce, or otherwise discriminate 
     against any individual for the purpose of interfering with 
     the implementation of any provision of this subsection, or 
     any rights or privileges accorded under this subsection, or 
     because the individual has complained, testified, assisted, 
     or otherwise participated in any aspect of an investigation, 
     proceeding, or hearing.''.
       (d) Additional Requirements.--Section 485 (20 U.S.C. 1092) 
     is amended by adding at the end the following new 
     subsections:
       ``(h) Transfer of Credit Policies.--
       ``(1) Disclosure.--Each institution of higher education 
     participating in any program under this title shall publicly 
     disclose in a readable and comprehensible manner the transfer 
     of credit policies established by the institution which shall 
     include a statement of the institution's current transfer of 
     credit policies that includes, at a minimum--
       ``(A) any established criteria the institution uses 
     regarding the transfer of credit earned at another 
     institution of higher education; and
       ``(B) a list of institutions of higher education with which 
     the institution has established an articulation agreement.
       ``(2) Rule of construction.--Nothing in this subsection 
     shall be construed to--
       ``(A) authorize the Secretary or the National Advisory 
     Committee on Institutional Quality and Integrity to require 
     particular policies, procedures, or practices by institutions 
     of higher education with respect to transfer of credit;
       ``(B) authorize an officer or employee of the Department to 
     exercise any direction, supervision, or control over the 
     curriculum, program of instruction, administration, or 
     personnel of any institution of higher education, or over any 
     accrediting agency or association;
       ``(C) limit the application of the General Education 
     Provisions Act; or
       ``(D) create any legally enforceable right on the part of a 
     student to require an institution of higher education to 
     accept a transfer of credit from another institution.
       ``(i) Disclosure of Fire Safety Standards and Measures.--
       ``(1) Annual fire safety reports on student housing 
     required.--Each eligible institution participating in any 
     program under this title that maintains on-campus student 
     housing facilities shall, on an annual basis, publish a fire 
     safety report, which shall contain information with respect 
     to the campus fire safety practices and standards of that 
     institution, including--
       ``(A) statistics concerning the following in each on-campus 
     student housing facility during the most recent calendar 
     years for which data are available:
       ``(i) the number of fires and the cause of each fire;
       ``(ii) the number of injuries related to a fire that result 
     in treatment at a medical facility;
       ``(iii) the number of deaths related to a fire; and
       ``(iv) the value of property damage caused by a fire;
       ``(B) a description of each on-campus student housing 
     facility fire safety system, including the fire sprinkler 
     system;
       ``(C) the number of regular mandatory supervised fire 
     drills;
       ``(D) policies or rules on portable electrical appliances, 
     smoking, and open flames (such as candles), procedures for 
     evacuation, and policies regarding fire safety education and 
     training programs provided to students, faculty, and staff; 
     and
       ``(E) plans for future improvements in fire safety, if 
     determined necessary by such institution.
       ``(2) Report to the secretary.--Each eligible institution 
     participating in any program under this title shall, on an 
     annual basis submit to the Secretary a copy of the statistics 
     required to be made available under subparagraph (A).
       ``(3) Current information to campus community.--Each 
     institution participating in any program under this title 
     shall--
       ``(A) make, keep, and maintain a log, recording all fires 
     in on-campus student housing facilities, including the 
     nature, date, time, and general location of each fire; and
       ``(B) make annual reports to the campus community on such 
     fires.
       ``(4) Responsibilities of the secretary.--The Secretary 
     shall--
       ``(A) make such statistics submitted to the Secretary 
     available to the public; and
       ``(B) in coordination with nationally recognized fire 
     organizations and representatives of institutions of higher 
     education, representatives of associations of institutions of 
     higher education, and other organizations that represent and 
     house a significant number of students--
       ``(i) identify exemplary fire safety policies, procedures, 
     programs, and practices;
       ``(ii) disseminate information to the Administrator of the 
     United States Fire Administration;
       ``(iii) make available to the public information concerning 
     those policies, procedures, programs, and practices that have 
     proven effective in the reduction of fires; and
       ``(iv) develop a protocol for institutions to review the 
     status of their fire safety systems.
       ``(5) Rules of construction.--Nothing in this subsection 
     shall be construed to--
       ``(A) authorize the Secretary to require particular 
     policies, procedures, programs, or practices by institutions 
     of higher education with respect to fire safety, other than 
     with respect to the collection, reporting, and dissemination 
     of information required by this subsection;
       ``(B) affect the Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act 
     of 1974 or the regulations issued under section 264 of the 
     Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 
     (42 U.S.C. 1320d-2 note);
       ``(C) create a cause of action against any institution of 
     higher education or any employee of such an institution for 
     any civil liability; or
       ``(D) establish any standard of care.
       ``(6) Compliance report.--The Secretary shall annually 
     report to the authorizing committees regarding compliance 
     with this subsection by institutions of higher education, 
     including an up-to-date report on the Secretary's monitoring 
     of such compliance.
       ``(7) Evidence.--Notwithstanding any other provision of 
     law, evidence regarding compliance or noncompliance with this 
     subsection shall not be admissible as evidence in any 
     proceeding of any court, agency, board, or other entity, 
     except with respect to an action to enforce this subsection.
       ``(8) Retaliation prohibited.--No participating institution 
     or officer, employee, or agent of the institution shall 
     intimidate, threaten, coerce, or otherwise discriminate 
     against any individual for the purpose of interfering with 
     the implementation of any provision of this subsection, or 
     any rights or privileges accorded under this subsection, or 
     because the individual has complained, testified, assisted, 
     or otherwise participated in any aspect of an investigation, 
     proceeding, or hearing.
       ``(j) Missing Person Procedures.--
       ``(1) Form and protocols.--Each institution of higher 
     education participating in any program under this title 
     shall--
       ``(A) include on its form for registration or enrollment of 
     students an item in which the student can elect to identify 
     an individual to be notified and police to be notified by the 
     university within 24 hours of when a student is reported 
     missing to the university, and
       ``(B) establish protocols for missing students that--
       ``(i) require any missing person report relating to any 
     student be referred to the institution's police or campus 
     security department; and
       ``(ii) if, on investigation of the report, such department 
     determines that the missing person has been missing for more 
     than 24 hours, require--

       ``(I) such department to refer to the item on the 
     registration document required under subparagraph (A) and 
     contact the individual named by the student in such item; and
       ``(II) if the student is under 18 years of age, the 
     institution of higher education to automatically contact the 
     parents of such student.

       ``(2) Waiver.--The item required by paragraph (1)(A) shall 
     explicitly and prominently state that by identifying an 
     individual to contact in the case of disappearance, the 
     student waives any right to sue based on Federal or State 
     privacy law in the event that a missing persons notification 
     is made to the individual named by such student in such item.
       ``(3) Additional remedies permitted.--Nothing in this 
     subsection shall be construed to prevent or discourage an 
     institution of higher education from taking additional 
     measures with respect to missing students beyond those 
     required by this subsection.
       ``(k) Notice to Students Concerning Penalties for Drug 
     Violations.--Each institution of higher education shall 
     provide to each student, upon enrollment, a separate, clear, 
     and conspicuous written notice that advises the student of 
     the penalties under section 484(r).''.

     SEC. 489. ARTICULATION AGREEMENTS.

       Part G of title IV is amended by inserting after section 
     486 (20 U.S.C. 1093) the following new section:

     ``SEC. 486A. ARTICULATION AGREEMENTS.

       ``(a) Program To Encourage Articulation Agreements.--
       ``(1) Program requirements.--The Secretary shall carry out 
     a program for States, in cooperation with public institutions 
     of higher education, to develop, enhance, and implement 
     comprehensive articulation agreements among such institutions 
     in a State, and (to the extent practicable) across State 
     lines, by 2010. Such articulation agreements shall be made 
     widely and publicly available on the websites of States and 
     institutions, and on the application materials of such 
     institutions. In developing, enhancing, and implementing 
     articulation agreements, States and public institutions of 
     higher education may employ strategies, where applicable, 
     including--
       ``(A) common course numbering;
       ``(B) a general education core curriculum;
       ``(C) developing or expanding articulation agreements that 
     include both public and private institutions of higher 
     education; and
       ``(D) other strategies identified by the Secretary.
       ``(2) Technical assistance provided.--The Secretary shall 
     provide technical assistance to States and institutions of 
     higher education for the purposes of developing and 
     implementing articulation agreements in accordance with this 
     subsection.

[[Page H700]]

       ``(3) Rule of construction.--Nothing in this subsection 
     shall be construed to limit the academic freedom or choices 
     of institutions of higher education.
       ``(b) Study Required.--The Secretary shall conduct a study 
     to review the articulation agreements at State-based college 
     and university systems, including junior or community 
     colleges, as well as those at other institutions of higher 
     education, including private non-profit and for-profit 
     institutions. Such study shall consider--
       ``(1) the extent to which States and institutions have 
     developed and implemented articulation agreements;
       ``(2) with respect to the articulation agreements 
     developed--
       ``(A) the number and types of institutions participating 
     the programs offered;
       ``(B) the cost-savings to the participating institutions 
     and to the students;
       ``(C) what strategies are being employed, including common 
     course numbering and general education core curriculum;
       ``(D) the effective use of technologies to contain costs, 
     maintain quality of instruction, and inform students; and
       ``(E) a description of the students to whom the 
     articulation agreements are offered and, to the extent 
     practicable, a description of the students who take advantage 
     of the articulation agreements;
       ``(3) best practices and innovative strategies employed to 
     implement effective articulation agreements; and
       ``(4) barriers to the implementation of articulation 
     agreements, including technological and informational 
     barriers.
       ``(c) Report.--The Secretary shall submit to the 
     authorizing committees an interim report on the study 
     required by this section not later than 2 years after the 
     date of enactment of the College Opportunity and 
     Affordability Act of 2007 and a final report on such study 
     not later than January 1, 2013.
       ``(d) Definition.--In this section, the term `articulation 
     agreement' means an agreement between institutions of higher 
     education that specifies the acceptability of courses in 
     transfer toward meeting specific degree requirements.''.

     SEC. 490. PROGRAM PARTICIPATION AGREEMENTS.

       (a) Additional Requirements.--Section 487(a) (20 U.S.C. 
     1094(a)) is amended--
       (1) by adding at the end of paragraph (23) the following 
     new subparagraph:
       ``(D) The institution shall be considered in compliance 
     with the requirements of subparagraph (A) for each student to 
     whom the institution electronically transmits a message 
     containing a voter registration form acceptable for use in 
     the State in which the institution is located, or an Internet 
     address where such a form can be downloaded, provided such 
     information is in an electronic message devoted exclusively 
     to voter registration.''; and
       (2) by adding at the end the following new paragraphs:
       ``(24)(A) A covered institution that has entered into a 
     preferred lender arrangement will compile, maintain, and make 
     available for students attending the institution (or the 
     parents of such students) a list, in print or any other 
     medium, of the specific lenders for educational loans that 
     the institution recommends, promotes, or endorses in 
     accordance with such preferred lender arrangement. In 
     compiling, maintaining, and making available such list, the 
     institution will--
       ``(i) clearly and fully disclose on such list--
       ``(I) no less than the information required to be disclosed 
     in the model disclosure form, or updated model disclosure 
     form, required under section 153;
       ``(II) why the institution has entered into a preferred 
     lender arrangement with each listed lender, particularly with 
     respect to terms and conditions favorable to the borrower; 
     and
       ``(III) that the students attending the institution (or the 
     parents of such students) do not have to borrow from a listed 
     lender;
       ``(ii) ensure, through the use of the list provided by the 
     Secretary under subparagraph (B), that--
       ``(I) there are not less than 3 lenders of loans made under 
     part B that are not affiliates of each other included on such 
     list and, if the institution recommends, promotes, or 
     endorses private educational loans, there are not less than 2 
     lenders of private educational loans that are not affiliates 
     of each other included on such list;
       ``(II) the list under this subparagraph--

       ``(aa) specifically indicates, for each listed lender, 
     whether the lender is or is not an affiliate of each other 
     lender on the list; and
       ``(bb) if a lender is an affiliate of another lender on the 
     list, describes the details of such affiliation;

       ``(iii) prominently disclose the method and criteria used 
     by the institution in selecting lenders with which to enter 
     into preferred lender arrangements to ensure that such 
     lenders are selected on the basis of the benefits provided to 
     borrowers, including--
       ``(I) highly competitive interest rates, terms, or 
     conditions of Federal and private educational loans;
       ``(II) high-quality servicing for such loans; or
       ``(III) additional benefits beyond the standard terms and 
     conditions for such loans;
       ``(iv) exercise a duty of care and a duty of loyalty to 
     compile the list under this subparagraph without prejudice 
     and for the sole benefit of the students attending the 
     institution (or the parents of such students);
       ``(v) not deny or otherwise impede the borrower's choice of 
     a lender or cause unnecessary delays in loan certification 
     under this title for those borrowers who choose a lender that 
     has not been recommended, promoted, or endorsed by the 
     institution; and
       ``(vi) comply with such other requirements as the Secretary 
     may prescribe by regulation.
       ``(B) The Secretary shall maintain and update a list of 
     lender affiliates of all eligible lenders, and shall provide 
     such list to the institutions for use in carrying out 
     subparagraph (A).
       ``(C) For the purposes of subparagraph (A)--
       ``(i) the term `affiliate' means a person that controls, is 
     controlled by, or is under common control with another 
     person;
       ``(ii) a person controls, is controlled by, or is under 
     common control with another person if--
       ``(I) the person directly or indirectly, or acting through 
     1 or more others, owns, controls, or has the power to vote 5 
     percent or more of any class of voting securities of such 
     other person;
       ``(II) the person controls, in any manner, the election of 
     a majority of the directors or trustees of such other person; 
     or
       ``(III) the Secretary determines (after notice and 
     opportunity for a hearing) that the person directly or 
     indirectly exercises a controlling interest over the 
     management or policies of such other person;
       ``(iii) the term `preferred lender arrangement' has the 
     meaning provided in section 151; and
       ``(iv) the term `educational loans' has the meaning 
     provided in section 151, except that such term does not 
     include loans under section 499(b) or under parts D or E of 
     this title.
       ``(25) The institution will submit to the Secretary 
     annually, in such form as the Secretary may prescribe, data 
     on--
       ``(A) the number and percentage of students taking classes 
     in whole or in part on-line or through distance education;
       ``(B) of such students, the number and percentage of those 
     taking their classes exclusively on-line or through distance 
     education; and
       ``(C) the number and percentage of courses offered by the 
     institution that are offered on-line or through distance 
     education.''.
       (b) Reports on Disciplinary Proceedings.--
       (1) Amendment.--Section 487(a) (20 U.S.C. 1094(a)) is 
     further amended by adding after paragraph (25), as added by 
     subsection (a) of this section, the following new paragraph:
       ``(26) The institution will, upon request, disclose to the 
     alleged victim of any crime of violence (as that term is 
     defined in section 16 of title 18), or a nonforcible sex 
     offense, the final results of any disciplinary proceeding 
     conducted by such institution against a student who is the 
     alleged perpetrator of such crime or offense with respect to 
     such crime or offense. If the alleged victim of such crime or 
     offense is deceased, the next of kin of such victim shall be 
     treated as the alleged victim for purposes of this 
     paragraph.''.
       (2) Effective date.--The amendment made by paragraph (1) 
     shall apply with respect to any disciplinary proceeding 
     conducted by such institution on or after one year after the 
     date of enactment of this Act.
       (c) Enforcing the 90/10 Rule.--
       (1) Amendment.--Section 487(a) (20 U.S.C. 1094(a)) is 
     further amended by adding at the end the following new 
     paragraph:
       ``(27) A proprietary institution of higher education (as 
     defined in section 102(b)) will, as calculated in accordance 
     with subsection (f)(1) of this section, have not less than 10 
     percent of its revenues from sources other than funds 
     provided under this title, or will be subject to the 
     sanctions described in subsection (f)(2) of this section.''.
       (2) Implementation.--Section 487 is further amended by 
     adding at the end the following new subsection:
       ``(f) Implementation of Non-Title IV Revenue Requirement.--
       ``(1) Calculation.--In carrying out subsection (a)(27), a 
     proprietary institution of higher education shall--
       ``(A) use the cash basis of accounting;
       ``(B) consider as revenue only those funds generated by the 
     institution from--
       ``(i) tuition, fees, and other institutional charges for 
     students enrolled in programs eligible for assistance under 
     this title;
       ``(ii) activities conducted by the institution, to the 
     extent not included in tuition, fees, and other institutional 
     charges, that are necessary for the education or training of 
     its students who are enrolled in programs eligible for 
     assistance under this title, if such activities are--

       ``(I) conducted on campus or at a facility under the 
     control of the institution;
       ``(II) performed under the supervision of a member of the 
     institution's faculty; and
       ``(III) required to be performed by all students in a 
     specific educational program at the institution; and

       ``(iii) funds paid by a student, or on behalf of a student 
     by a party other than the institution, for an education or 
     training program that is not eligible for funds under this 
     title, provided that the program is approved or licensed by 
     the appropriate State agency and is accredited by an 
     accrediting agency recognized by the Secretary;
       ``(C) presume that any title IV program funds disbursed or 
     delivered to or on behalf of a student will be used to pay 
     the student's tuition, fees, or other institutional charges, 
     regardless of whether the institution credits those funds to 
     the student's account or pays those funds directly to the 
     student, except to the extent that the student's tuition, 
     fees, or other institutional charges are satisfied by--
       ``(i) grant funds provided by non-Federal public agencies 
     or private sources independent of the institution;
       ``(ii) funds provided under a contractual arrangement with 
     Federal, State, or local government agencies for the purpose 
     of providing job training to low-income individuals who are 
     in need of that training; or
       ``(iii) funds used by a student from savings plans for 
     educational expenses established by or on behalf of the 
     student and which qualify for special tax treatment under the 
     Internal Revenue Code of 1986, provided that the institution 
     can reasonable demonstrate such funds were used to pay the 
     student's tuition, fees, or other institutional charges;
       ``(D) include institutional aid as revenue to the school 
     only as follows:

[[Page H701]]

       ``(i) in the case of institutional loans, only the amount 
     of loan repayments received during the fiscal year; and
       ``(ii) in the case of institutional scholarships, only 
     those provided by the institution in the form of monetary aid 
     or tuition discounts based upon the academic achievements or 
     financial need of students, disbursed during the fiscal year 
     from an established restricted account, and only to the 
     extent that funds in that account represent designated funds 
     from an outside source or from income earned on those funds;
       ``(E) exclude from revenues--
       ``(i) the amount of funds it received under the Federal 
     Work-Study program, unless the institution used those funds 
     to pay a student's institutional charges;
       ``(ii) the amount of funds it received under the Leveraging 
     Education Assistance Partnership program;
       ``(iii) the amount of institutional funds it used to match 
     title IV program funds;
       ``(iv) the amount of title IV program funds that must be 
     refunded or returned; or
       ``(v) the amount charged for books, supplies, and equipment 
     unless the institution includes that amount as tuition, fees, 
     or other institutional charges.
       ``(2) Sanctions.--
       ``(A) An institution that fails to meet the requirements of 
     subsection (a)(27) for 2 consecutive fiscal years shall 
     become ineligible to participate in the programs authorized 
     by this title. To regain eligibility to participate in the 
     programs authorized by this title, an institution that loses 
     its eligibility as a sanction under this subparagraph must 
     demonstrate compliance with all eligibility requirements for 
     at least the 3 fiscal years following the fiscal year the 
     institution became ineligible.
       ``(B) In addition to such other means of enforcing the 
     requirements of this title as may be available to the 
     Secretary, if an institution fails to meet the requirements 
     of subsection (a)(27) in any fiscal year, the Secretary shall 
     impose sanctions on the institution, which shall include--
       ``(i) placing the institution on provisional certification 
     in accordance with section 498(h) until the institution 
     demonstrates, to the satisfaction of the Secretary, that it 
     is in compliance with subsection (a)(27);
       ``(ii) requiring the institution to provide to the 
     Secretary satisfactory evidence of its financial 
     responsibility in accordance with section 498(c)(3); and
       ``(iii) requiring such other increased monitoring and 
     reporting requirements as the Secretary determines necessary 
     until the institution demonstrates, to the satisfaction of 
     the Secretary, that it is in compliance with subsection 
     (a)(27).
       ``(3) Publication on college navigator website.--The 
     Secretary shall publicly disclose the identity of any 
     institution that fails to meet the requirements of subsection 
     (a)(27) on the College Navigator website.
       ``(4) Report to congress.--The Secretary shall annually 
     submit to the authorizing committees a report that contains, 
     for each institution subject to the requirement of subsection 
     (a)(27), the result of the calculation of revenue performed 
     by each such institution pursuant to such subsection and 
     paragraph (1) of this subsection.''.
       (d) Computer Disposal.--Section 487(a) is further amended 
     by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
       ``(28)(A) The institution of higher education will 
     establish a policy on the disposal or disposition (including 
     selling, donating, returning upon lease end, or destroying by 
     recycling), of all technology assets which may have personal 
     and sensitive data of students. Such policy may include a 
     forensic scrub that ensures total destruction of data on the 
     technology assets and include a designated for disposal or 
     disposition, transfer ownership and liability from that 
     institution to State and federally approved recyclers or de-
     manufacturers of such equipment.
       ``(B) For purposes of this paragraph, the term `technology 
     assets' means a computer central processing unit, monitor, 
     printer, router, server, peripheral devices (such as 
     switches, hubs, and systems), firewalls, telephones, or other 
     simple network devices or single piece of information 
     technology equipment.''.
       (e) Audits; Financial Responsibility; Enforcement of 
     Standards.--Section 487(c)(1)(A) (20 U.S.C. 1094(c)(1)(A)) is 
     amended--
       (1) in clause (i)--
       (A) by striking ``clauses (ii) and (iii)'' and inserting 
     ``clauses (ii), (iii), and (iv)''; and
       (B) by inserting before the semicolon at the end the 
     following: ``, except that the Secretary may modify the 
     requirements of this clause with respect to institutions of 
     higher education that are foreign institutions, and may waive 
     such requirements with respect to a foreign institution whose 
     students receive less than $500,000 in loans under this title 
     during the award year preceding the audit period'';
       (2) in clause (ii), by striking ``or'' after the semicolon;
       (3) in clause (iii), by inserting ``or'' after the 
     semicolon; and
       (4) by inserting after clause (iii) the following new 
     clause:
       ``(iv) with respect to an eligible institution that is 
     audited under clause (i), and for which it is determined 
     through such audit that the percentage of students enrolled 
     at the institution who were accepted for enrollment and made 
     eligible for student financial assistance under this title by 
     way of section 484(d)(2) exceeds 5 percent of the total 
     enrollment of the institution for such academic year, an 
     additional review to confirm that the institution is in 
     compliance with the regulations prescribed by the Secretary 
     under section 484(d);''.

     SEC. 491. REGULATORY RELIEF AND IMPROVEMENT.

       Section 487A(b) (20 U.S.C. 1094a(b)) is amended--
       (1) by amending paragraph (1) to read as follows:
       ``(1) In general.--The Secretary shall continue the 
     voluntary participation of any experimental sites in 
     existence as of July 1, 2007, unless the Secretary determines 
     that such site's participation has not been successful in 
     carrying out the purposes of this section. Any activities 
     approved by the Secretary prior to such date that have not 
     been successful in carrying out the purposes of this section 
     shall be discontinued not later than June 30, 2009.'';
       (2) by striking the matter preceding paragraph (2)(A) and 
     inserting the following:
       ``(2) Report.--The Secretary shall review and evaluate the 
     experience of institutions participating as experimental 
     sites and shall, on a biennial basis, submit a report based 
     on the review and evaluation to the authorizing committees. 
     Such report shall include--''; and
       (3) in paragraph (3)--
       (A) in subparagraph (A)--
       (i) by striking ``Upon the submission of the report 
     required by paragraph (2), the'' and inserting ``The''; and
       (ii) by inserting ``periodically'' after ``authorized to'';
       (B) by striking subparagraph (B);
       (C) by redesignating subparagraph (C) as subparagraph (B); 
     and
       (D) in subparagraph (B) (as redesignated by subparagraph 
     (C))--
       (i) by inserting ``, including requirements related to the 
     award process and disbursement of student financial aid (such 
     as innovative delivery systems for modular or compressed 
     courses, or other innovative systems), verification of 
     student financial aid application data, entrance and exit 
     interviews, or other management procedures or processes as 
     determined in the negotiated rulemaking process under section 
     492'' after ``requirements in this title'';
       (ii) by inserting ``(other than an award rule related to an 
     experiment in modular or compressed schedules)'' after 
     ``award rules''; and
       (iii) by inserting ``unless the waiver of such provisions 
     is authorized by another provision under this title'' before 
     the period at the end.

     SEC. 492. ADVISORY COMMITTEE ON STUDENT FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE.

       Section 491 (20 U.S.C. 1098) is amended--
       (1) in subsection (a)(2)--
       (A) in subparagraph (B), by striking ``and'' after the 
     semicolon;
       (B) in subparagraph (C), by striking the period at the end 
     and inserting a semicolon; and
       (C) by adding at the end the following:
       ``(D) to provide knowledge and understanding of early 
     intervention programs and make recommendations that will 
     result in early awareness by low- and moderate-income 
     students and families of their eligibility for assistance 
     under this title, and, to the extent practicable, their 
     eligibility for other forms of State and institutional need-
     based student assistance; and
       ``(E) to make recommendations that will expand and improve 
     partnerships among the Federal Government, States, 
     institutions, and private entities to increase the awareness 
     and total amount of need-based student assistance available 
     to low- and moderate-income students.'';
       (2) in subsection (d)--
       (A) in paragraph (6), by striking ``, but nothing in this 
     section shall authorize the committee to perform such 
     studies, surveys, or analyses'';
       (B) in paragraph (8), by striking ``and'' after the 
     semicolon;
       (C) by redesignating paragraph (9) as paragraph (10); and
       (D) by inserting after paragraph (8) the following:
       ``(9) monitor the adequacy of total need-based aid 
     available to low- and moderate-income students from all 
     sources, assess the implications for access and persistence, 
     and report those implications annually to Congress and the 
     Secretary; and'';
       (3) in subsection (j)(1)--
       (A) by inserting ``and simplification'' after ``delivery 
     processes''; and
       (B) by striking ``, including the implementation of a 
     performance-based organization within the Department, and 
     report to Congress regarding such modernization on not less 
     than an annual basis''; and
       (4) in subsection (k), by striking ``2004'' and inserting 
     ``2011''.

     SEC. 493. NEGOTIATED RULEMAKING.

       Section 492(b)(1) (20 U.S.C. 1098a(b)(1)) is amended by 
     striking ``from individuals nominated by groups described in 
     subsection (a)(1)'' and inserting ``from individuals who are 
     nominated by groups described in subsection (a)(1) and who 
     have recognized legitimacy as designated representatives of 
     major stakeholders, sectors, and constituencies in the higher 
     education community''.

     SEC. 494. TECHNICAL AMENDMENT.

       Section 493C(b)(1) (20 U.S.C. 1098e(b)(1)) is amended by 
     striking ``or is already in default''.

     SEC. 495. CAMPUS-BASED DIGITAL THEFT PREVENTION.

       Part G of title IV (20 U.S.C. 1088 et seq.) is further 
     amended by adding at the end the following new section:

     ``SEC. 494. CAMPUS-BASED DIGITAL THEFT PREVENTION.

       ``(a) In General.--Each eligible institution participating 
     in any program under this title shall to the extent 
     practicable--
       ``(1) make publicly available to their students and 
     employees, the policies and procedures related to the illegal 
     downloading and distribution of copyrighted materials 
     required to be disclosed under section 485(a)(1)(P); and
       ``(2) develop a plan for offering alternatives to illegal 
     downloading or peer-to-peer distribution of intellectual 
     property as well as a plan to explore technology-based 
     deterrents to prevent such illegal activity.
       ``(b) Grants.--
       ``(1) Program authority.--The Secretary may make grants to 
     institutions of higher education, or consortia of such 
     institutions, and

[[Page H702]]

     enter into contracts with such institutions, consortia, and 
     other organizations, to develop, implement, operate, improve, 
     and disseminate programs of prevention, education, and cost-
     effective technological solutions, to reduce and eliminate 
     the illegal downloading and distribution of intellectual 
     property. Such grants or contracts may also be used for the 
     support of a higher education centers that will provide 
     training, technical assistance, evaluation, dissemination, 
     and associated services and assistance to the higher 
     education community as determined by the Secretary and 
     institutions of higher education.
       ``(2) Awards.--Grants and contracts shall be awarded under 
     paragraph (1) on a competitive basis.
       ``(3) Applications.--An institution of higher education or 
     a consortium of such institutions that desires to receive a 
     grant or contract under paragraph (1) shall submit an 
     application to the Secretary at such time, in such manner, 
     and containing or accompanied by such information as the 
     Secretary may reasonably require by regulation.
       ``(4) Authorization of appropriations.--There are 
     authorized to be appropriated to carry out this subsection 
     such sums as may be necessary for fiscal year 2009 and for 
     each of the 4 succeeding fiscal years.''.

                       PART H--PROGRAM INTEGRITY

     SEC. 496. RECOGNITION OF ACCREDITING AGENCY OR ASSOCIATION.

       (a) Amendments.--Section 496 (20 U.S.C. 1099b) is amended--
       (1) in subsection (a)--
       (A) in paragraph (4)--
       (i) by striking ``(4) such agency'' and insert ``(4)(A) 
     such agency'';
       (ii) by inserting ``and'' after the semicolon at the end; 
     and
       (iii) by adding at the end the following new subparagraph:
       ``(B) if such agency or association has or seeks to include 
     within its scope of recognition the evaluation of the quality 
     of institutions or programs offering distance education, such 
     agency or association shall, in addition to meeting the other 
     requirements of this subpart, demonstrate to the Secretary 
     that--
       ``(i) the agency or association's standards effectively 
     address the quality of an institution's distance education in 
     the areas identified in paragraph (5), except that the agency 
     or association shall not be required to have separate 
     standards, procedures or policies for the evaluation of 
     distance education institutions or programs in order to meet 
     the requirements of this subparagraph; and
       ``(ii) the agency or association requires an institution 
     that offers distance education to have processes through 
     which the institution establishes that the student who 
     registers in a distance education course or program is the 
     same student who participates in and completes the program 
     and receives the academic credit;'';
       (B) by striking paragraph (6) and inserting the following:
       ``(6) such agency or association shall establish and apply 
     review procedures throughout the accrediting process, 
     including evaluation and withdrawal proceedings which comply 
     with due process procedures that provide for--
       ``(A) adequate specification of requirements, including 
     clear and consistent standards for an institution to be 
     accredited, and deficiencies at the institution of higher 
     education or program examined;
       ``(B) an opportunity for a written response by any such 
     institution to be included, prior to final action, in the 
     evaluation and withdrawal proceedings;
       ``(C) upon the written request of an institution, an 
     opportunity for the institution to appeal any adverse action, 
     including denial, withdrawal, suspension, or termination of 
     accreditation, at a hearing prior to such action becoming 
     final, before an appeals panel that--
       ``(i) shall not include current members of the agency or 
     association's underlying decision-making body that made the 
     adverse decision; and
       ``(ii) is subject to a conflict of interest policy; and
       ``(D) the right to representation by counsel for such an 
     institution during an appeal of the adverse action;''; and
       (C) by striking paragraph (8) and inserting the following:
       ``(8) such agency or association shall make available to 
     the public and the State licensing or authorizing agency, and 
     submit to the Secretary, a summary of agency or association 
     actions, including--
       ``(A) the award of accreditation or reaccreditation of an 
     institution;
       ``(B) final denial, withdrawal, suspension, or termination 
     of accreditation, and any findings made in connection with 
     the action taken, together with the official comments of the 
     affected institution; and
       ``(C) any other adverse action taken with respect to an 
     institution;
       ``(9) such agency or association confirms, as a part of the 
     agency or association's review for accreditation or 
     reaccreditation, that the institution has transfer of credit 
     policies--
       ``(A) that are publicly disclosed; and
       ``(B) that include a statement of the criteria established 
     by the institution regarding the transfer of credit earned at 
     another institution of higher education;
       ``(10) such agency or association reviews and takes into 
     consideration the institution's response in any review or 
     determination, and includes in any determination a written 
     statement addressing the institution's response and stating 
     the basis for such determination, and a copy of the 
     institution's response; and
       ``(11) such agency or association shall not make a 
     determination or take adverse action based upon an 
     unpublished or undocumented policy, practice, or 
     precedent.'';
       (2) in subsection (c)--
       (A) in paragraph (1), by inserting ``, including those 
     regarding distance education'' after ``their 
     responsibilities'';
       (B) by redesignating paragraphs (2) through (6) as 
     paragraphs (4) through (8); and
       (C) by inserting after paragraph (1) (as amended by 
     subparagraph (A)) the following:
       ``(2) monitors the growth of programs at institutions that 
     are experiencing significant enrollment growth;
       ``(3) requires an institution to submit a teach-out plan 
     for approval to the accrediting agency upon the occurrence of 
     any of the following events:
       ``(A) the Department notifies the accrediting agency of an 
     action against the institution pursuant to section 487(d);
       ``(B) the accrediting agency acts to withdraw, terminate, 
     or suspend the accreditation of an institution; and
       ``(C) the institution notifies the accrediting agency that 
     the institution intends to cease operations;'';
       (3) in subsection (g), by adding at the end the following: 
     ``Nothing in this section shall be construed to permit the 
     Secretary to establish any criteria that specifies, defines, 
     or prescribes the standards that accrediting agencies or 
     associations shall use to assess any institution's success 
     with respect to student achievement.''; and
       (4) in subsection (o), by adding at the end the following: 
     ``Notwithstanding any other provision of law, the Secretary 
     shall not promulgate any regulation with respect to 
     subsection (a)(5).''.
       (b) Additional Amendment.--Section 496(a)(4)(A) as amended 
     by subsection (a) is further amended by inserting after 
     ``consistently applies and enforces standards'' the 
     following: ``that respect the stated mission of the 
     institution of higher education, including religious 
     missions, and''.

     SEC. 497. ACCREDITATION OMBUDSMAN.

       Subpart 2 of part H of title IV is amended by inserting 
     after section 496 (20 U.S.C. 1099b) the following new 
     section:

     ``SEC. 497. ACCREDITATION OMBUDSMAN.

       ``(a) Appointment.--The Assistant Secretary for 
     Postsecondary Education, in consultation with the Secretary, 
     shall appoint an Accreditation Ombudsman to provide timely 
     assistance to institutions of higher education, accrediting 
     agencies and associations, and other participants in the 
     accreditation process who may have grievances related to the 
     functions described in subsection (c).
       ``(b) Public Information.--The Assistant Secretary for 
     Postsecondary Education shall disseminate information about 
     the availability and functions of the Ombudsman to 
     institutions of higher education, accrediting agencies and 
     associations, and other participants in the accreditation 
     process.
       ``(c) Functions of Ombudsman.--The Ombudsman appointed 
     under this section shall--
       ``(1) in accordance with regulations of the Secretary, 
     receive, review, and attempt to resolve complaints from 
     institutions of higher education, accrediting agencies and 
     associations, and other participants in the accreditation 
     process described in subsection (a), including, as 
     appropriate, attempts to resolve such complaints within the 
     Department of Education and with institutions of higher 
     education, accreditation agencies and associations, and other 
     participants in title IV programs; and
       ``(2) compile and analyze data on institutions of higher 
     education and accrediting agency and association complaints 
     and make appropriate recommendations.
       ``(d) Report.--Each year, the Ombudsman shall submit a 
     report to the Assistant Secretary for Postsecondary 
     Education, for inclusion in the annual report under section 
     114, that describes the activities, and evaluates the 
     effectiveness of the Ombudsman during the preceding year.''.

     SEC. 498. PROGRAM REVIEW AND DATA.

       Section 498A(b) (20 U.S.C. 1099c-1(b)) is amended--
       (1) by striking ``and'' at the end of paragraph (4);
       (2) by striking the period at the end of paragraph (5) and 
     inserting a semicolon; and
       (3) by adding at the end the following new paragraphs:
       ``(6) provide the institution adequate opportunity to 
     review and respond to any program review report or audit 
     finding before any final program review or audit 
     determination is reached, including access to any and all 
     workpapers, notes, documentation, records, or other 
     information relating to the program review report or audit 
     finding;
       ``(7) review and take into consideration the institution's 
     response in any final program review or audit determination, 
     and include in the final determination a written statement 
     addressing the institution's response and stating the basis 
     for such final determination, and a copy of the institution's 
     response; and
       ``(8) maintain and preserve at all times the 
     confidentiality of any program review report until the 
     requirements of paragraphs (6) and (7) are met, and until a 
     final program review determination has been issued.''.

     SEC. 499. COMPETITIVE LOAN AUCTION PILOT PROGRAM EVALUATION.

       Section 499 (as added by section 701 of the College Cost 
     Reduction and Access Act of 2007) is amended by adding at the 
     end the following new subsections:
       ``(c) Required Initial Evaluation.--The Secretary and 
     Secretary of the Treasury shall jointly conduct an 
     evaluation, in consultation with the Office of Management and 
     Budget, the Congressional Budget Office, and the Comptroller 
     General, of the pilot program carried out by the Secretary 
     under this section. The evaluation shall determine--

[[Page H703]]

       ``(1) the extent of the savings to the Federal Government 
     that are generated through the pilot program, compared to the 
     cost the Federal Government would have incurred in operating 
     the PLUS loan program under section 428B in the absence of 
     the pilot program;
       ``(2) the number of lenders that participated in the pilot 
     program, and the extent to which the pilot program generated 
     competition among lenders to participate in the auctions 
     under the pilot program;
       ``(3) the number and volume of loans made under the pilot 
     in each State;
       ``(4) the effect of the transition to and operation of the 
     pilot program on the ability of--
       ``(A) lenders participating in the pilot program to 
     originate loans made through the pilot program smoothly and 
     efficiently;
       ``(B) institutions of higher education participating in the 
     pilot program to disburse loans made through the pilot 
     program smoothly and efficiently; and
       ``(C) parents to obtain loans made through the pilot 
     program in a timely and efficient manner;
       ``(5) the differential impact, if any, of the auction among 
     the States, including between rural and non-rural States;
       ``(6) the feasibility of using the mechanism piloted to 
     operate the other loan programs under part B of this title; 
     and
       ``(7) the feasibility of using other market mechanisms to 
     operate the loan programs under part B of this title, 
     including the sale of securities backed by federally owned 
     student loan assets originated by banks acting as agents of 
     the Federal Government.
       ``(d) Reports.--The Secretary and the Secretary of the 
     Treasury shall submit to the authorizing committees--
       ``(1) not later than September 1, 2010, a preliminary 
     report regarding the findings of the evaluation described in 
     subsection (c);
       ``(2) not later than September 1, 2012, an interim report 
     regarding such findings; and
       ``(3) not later than September 1, 2013, a final report 
     regarding such findings.''.

                      TITLE V--TITLE V AMENDMENTS

     SEC. 501. POSTBACCALAUREATE OPPORTUNITIES FOR HISPANIC 
                   AMERICANS.

       (a) Establishment of Program.--Title V is amended--
       (1) by redesignating part B as part C;
       (2) by redesignating sections 511 through 518 as sections 
     521 through 528, respectively; and
       (3) by inserting after section 505 (20 U.S.C. 1101d) the 
     following new part:

   ``PART B--PROMOTING POSTBACCALAUREATE OPPORTUNITIES FOR HISPANIC 
                               AMERICANS

     ``SEC. 511. PURPOSES.

       ``The purposes of this part are--
       ``(1) to expand postbaccalaureate educational opportunities 
     for, and improve the academic attainment of, Hispanic 
     students; and
       ``(2) to expand the postbaccalaureate academic offerings 
     and enhance the program quality in the institutions that are 
     educating the majority of Hispanic college students and 
     helping large numbers of Hispanic and low-income students 
     complete postsecondary degrees.

     ``SEC. 512. PROGRAM AUTHORITY AND ELIGIBILITY.

       ``(a) Program Authorized.--Subject to the availability of 
     funds appropriated to carry out this part, the Secretary 
     shall award competitive grants to Hispanic-serving 
     institutions determined by the Secretary to be making 
     substantive contributions to graduate educational 
     opportunities for Hispanic students.
       ``(b) Eligibility.--For the purposes of this part, an 
     `eligible institution' means an institution of higher 
     education that--
       ``(1) is an eligible institution under section 502(a)(2); 
     and
       ``(2) offers a postbaccalaureate certificate or degree 
     granting program.

     ``SEC. 513. AUTHORIZED ACTIVITIES.

       ``Grants awarded under this part shall be used for one or 
     more of the following activities:
       ``(1) Purchase, rental, or lease of scientific or 
     laboratory equipment for educational purposes, including 
     instructional and research purposes.
       ``(2) Construction, maintenance, renovation, and 
     improvement of classrooms, libraries, laboratories, and other 
     instructional facilities, including purchase or rental of 
     telecommunications technology equipment or services.
       ``(3) Purchase of library books, periodicals, technical and 
     other scientific journals, microfilm, microfiche, and other 
     educational materials, including telecommunications program 
     materials.
       ``(4) Support for needy postbaccalaureate students 
     including outreach, academic support services, mentoring, 
     scholarships, fellowships, and other financial assistance to 
     permit the enrollment of such students in postbaccalaureate 
     certificate and degree granting programs.
       ``(5) Support of faculty exchanges, faculty development, 
     faculty research, curriculum development, and academic 
     instruction.
       ``(6) Creating or improving facilities for Internet or 
     other distance learning academic instruction capabilities, 
     including purchase or rental of telecommunications technology 
     equipment or services.
       ``(7) Collaboration with other institutions of higher 
     education to expand postbaccalaureate certificate and degree 
     offerings.
       ``(8) Other activities proposed in the application 
     submitted pursuant to section 514 that--
       ``(A) contribute to carrying out the purposes of this part; 
     and
       ``(B) are approved by the Secretary as part of the review 
     and acceptance of such application.

     ``SEC. 514. APPLICATION AND DURATION.

       ``(a) Application.--Any eligible institution may apply for 
     a grant under this part by submitting an application to the 
     Secretary at such time and in such manner as determined by 
     the Secretary. Such application shall demonstrate how the 
     grant funds will be used to improve postbaccalaureate 
     education opportunities in programs and professions in which 
     Hispanic Americans are underrepresented.
       ``(b) Duration.--Grants under this part shall be awarded 
     for a period not to exceed 5 years.
       ``(c) Limitation.--The Secretary shall not award more than 
     one grant under this part in any fiscal year to any Hispanic-
     serving institution.''.
       (b) Cooperative Arrangements.--Section 524(a) (as 
     redesignated by subsection (a)(2)) (20 U.S.C. 1103c(a)) is 
     amended by inserting ``and section 513'' after ``section 
     503''.
       (c) Authorization of Appropriations.--Subsection (a) of 
     section 528 (as redesignated by subsection (a)(2) of this 
     section) (20 U.S.C. 1103g) is amended to read as follows:
       ``(a) Authorizations.--
       ``(1) Part a.--There are authorized to be appropriated to 
     carry out part A and part C of this title $175,000,000 for 
     fiscal year 2009 and such sums as may be necessary for each 
     of the 4 succeeding fiscal years.
       ``(2) Part b.--There are authorized to be appropriated to 
     carry out part B of this title $125,000,000 for fiscal year 
     2009 and such sums as may be necessary for each of the 4 
     succeeding fiscal years.''.
       (d) Minimum Grant Amount.--Section 528 (as redesignated by 
     subsection (a)(2) of this section) (20 U.S.C. 1103g) is 
     amended by adding at the end the following:
       ``(c) Minimum Grant Amount.--The minimum amount of a grant 
     under this title shall be $200,000.''.
       (e) Part A Authorized Uses of Funds.--Section 503(b) (20 
     U.S.C. 1101b(b)) is amended--
       (1) by redesignating paragraph (14) as paragraph (15); and
       (2) by inserting after paragraph (13) the following new 
     paragraph:
       ``(14) Providing education or financial information 
     designed to improve the financial literacy and economic 
     literacy of students or the students' parents, especially 
     with regard to student indebtedness and student assistance 
     programs under the title IV.''.

                     TITLE VI--TITLE VI AMENDMENTS

     SEC. 601. INTERNATIONAL AND FOREIGN LANGUAGE STUDIES.

       (a) Findings and Purposes.--Section 601 (20 U.S.C. 1121) is 
     amended--
       (1) in subsection (a)(3), by striking ``post-Cold War'';
       (2) in subsection (b)(1), by striking ``; and'' at the end 
     of subparagraph (D) and inserting ``, including through 
     linkages overseas with institutions of higher education and 
     relevant organizations that contribute to the educational 
     programs assisted under this part; and''; and
       (3) in subsection (b)(3) by inserting ``, and international 
     business and trade competitiveness'' before the period.
       (b) Graduate and Undergraduate Language and Area Centers 
     and Programs.--Section 602(a) (20 U.S.C. 1122(a)) is 
     amended--
       (1) in paragraph (1), by striking subparagraph (A) and 
     inserting the following:
       ``(A) In general.--The Secretary is authorized to make 
     grants to institutions of higher education or consortia of 
     such institutions for the purpose of establishing, 
     strengthening, and operating--
       ``(i) comprehensive foreign language and area or 
     international studies centers and programs; and
       ``(ii) a diverse network of undergraduate foreign language 
     and area or international studies centers and programs.'';
       (2) in paragraph (2)--
       (A) by striking ``and'' at the end of subparagraph (G);
       (B) by striking the period at the end of subparagraph (H) 
     and inserting a semicolon; and
       (C) by inserting after subparagraph (H) the following new 
     subparagraphs:
       ``(I) supporting instructors of the less commonly taught 
     languages; and
       ``(J) projects that support in students an understanding of 
     science and technology in coordination with foreign language 
     proficiency.''; and
       (3) in paragraph (4)--
       (A) by amending subparagraph (B) to read as follows:
       ``(B) Partnerships or programs of linkage and outreach with 
     2-year and 4-year colleges and universities, including 
     colleges of education and teacher professional development 
     programs.'';
       (B) in subparagraph (C), by striking ``Programs of linkage 
     or outreach'' and inserting ``Partnerships or programs of 
     linkage and outreach'';
       (C) in subparagraph (E)--
       (i) by striking ``foreign area'' and inserting ``area 
     studies'';
       (ii) by striking ``of linkage and outreach''; and
       (iii) by striking ``(C), and (D)'' and inserting ``(D), and 
     (E)'';
       (D) by redesignating subparagraphs (C), (D), and (E) as 
     subparagraphs (D), (E), and (F), respectively; and
       (E) by inserting after subparagraph (B) the following new 
     subparagraph:
       ``(C) Partnerships with local educational agencies and 
     public and private elementary and secondary education schools 
     that are designed to increase student academic achievement in 
     foreign language and knowledge of world regions, and to 
     facilitate the wide dissemination of materials related to 
     area studies.''.
       (c) Fellowships for Foreign Language and Area or 
     International Studies.--Section 602(b) (20 U.S.C. 1122(b)) is 
     amended--
       (1) by inserting ``and Undergraduate'' after ``Graduate'' 
     in the subsection heading; and
       (2) by striking paragraph (2) and inserting the following:

[[Page H704]]

       ``(2) Eligible students.--A student receiving a stipend 
     described in paragraph (1) shall be engaged in an 
     instructional program with stated performance goals for 
     functional foreign language use or in a program developing 
     such performance goals, in combination with area studies, 
     international studies, or the international aspects of a 
     professional studies program, including predissertation level 
     studies, preparation for dissertation research, dissertation 
     research abroad, and dissertation writing, and--
       ``(A) in the case of graduate fellowships, activities in 
     connection with a program described in this paragraph may 
     include predissertation level studies, preparation for 
     dissertation research, dissertation research abroad, and 
     dissertation writing; or
       ``(B) in the case of undergraduate fellowships, students 
     may be allowed to use their fellowships abroad for 
     intermediate or advanced study of a less commonly taught 
     language.''.
       (d) Language Resource Centers.--Section 603(c) (20 U.S.C. 
     1123(c)) is amended by inserting ``reflect the purposes of 
     this part and'' after ``shall''.
       (e) Undergraduate International Studies and Foreign 
     Language Programs.--Section 604 (20 U.S.C. 1124) is amended--
       (1) in subsection (a)(1), by striking ``combinations'' each 
     place it appears and inserting ``consortia'';
       (2) in subsection (a)(2)--
       (A) in subparagraph (B)(ii), by striking ``teacher 
     training'' and inserting ``teacher professional 
     development'';
       (B) by redesignating subparagraphs (I) through (M) as 
     subparagraphs (J) through (N), respectively;
       (C) by inserting after subparagraph (H) the following new 
     subparagraph:
       ``(I) the provision of grants for educational programs 
     abroad that are closely linked to the program's overall goals 
     and have the purpose of promoting foreign language fluency 
     and knowledge of world regions, except that not more than 10 
     percent of a grant recipient's funds may be used for this 
     purpose;''; and
       (D) in subparagraph (M)(ii) (as redesignated by 
     subparagraph (B) of this paragraph), by striking ``elementary 
     and secondary education institutions'' and inserting ``local 
     educational agencies and public and private elementary and 
     secondary education schools'';
       (3) in subsection (a)(4)(B), by inserting ``that 
     demonstrates a need for a waiver or reduction'' before the 
     period at the end;
       (4) in subsection (a)(6), by inserting ``reflect the 
     purposes of this part and'' after ``shall'';
       (5) in subsection (a)(8), by striking ``may'' and inserting 
     ``shall''; and
       (6) by striking subsection (c).
       (f) Research; Studies; Annual Report.--Section 605(a) (20 
     U.S.C. 1125(a)) is amended by inserting before the period at 
     the end of the first sentence the following: ``, including 
     the systematic collection, analysis, and dissemination of 
     data''.
       (g) Technological Innovation and Cooperation for Foreign 
     Information Access.--Section 606 (20 U.S.C. 1126) is 
     amended--
       (1) in subsection (a)--
       (A) by striking ``or consortia of such institutions or 
     libraries'' and inserting ``or partnerships between such 
     institutions or libraries and nonprofit educational 
     organizations including museums'';
       (B) by striking ``new''; and
       (C) by inserting ``from foreign sources'' after 
     ``disseminate information'';
       (2) in subsection (b)--
       (A) by inserting ``acquire and'' before ``facilitate 
     access'' in paragraph (1);
       (B) by striking ``new means of'' in paragraph (3) and 
     inserting ``new means and standards for'';
       (C) by striking ``and'' at the end of paragraph (6);
       (D) by striking the period at the end of paragraph (7) and 
     inserting a semicolon; and
       (E) by inserting after paragraph (7) the following new 
     paragraphs:
       ``(8) to establish linkages between grant recipients under 
     subsection (a) with libraries, museums, organizations, or 
     institutions of higher education located overseas to 
     facilitate carrying out the purposes of this section; and
       ``(9) to carry out other activities deemed by the Secretary 
     to be consistent with the purposes of this section.''; and
       (3) by adding at the end the following new subsection:
       ``(e) Special Rule.--The Secretary may waive or reduce the 
     required non-Federal share for institutions that--
       ``(1) are eligible to receive assistance under part A or B 
     of title III or under title V; and
       ``(2) have submitted a grant application under this section 
     that demonstrates a need for a waiver or reduction.''.
       (h) Selection of Grant Recipients.--Section 607(b) (20 
     U.S.C. 1127(b)) is amended--
       (1) by striking ``objectives'' and inserting ``missions''; 
     and
       (2) by adding at the end the following new sentence: ``In 
     keeping with the purposes of this part, the Secretary shall 
     take into account the degree to which activities of centers, 
     programs, and fellowships at institutions of higher education 
     address national needs, generate and disseminate information, 
     and foster debate on international issues.''.
       (i) Equitable Distribution.--Section 608(a) (20 U.S.C. 
     1128(a)) is amended by adding at the end the following new 
     sentence: ``Grants made under section 602 shall also reflect 
     the purposes of this part.''.
       (j) Authorization of Appropriations.--Section 610 (20 
     U.S.C. 1128b) is amended by striking ``1999'' and inserting 
     ``2009''.
       (k) Conforming Amendments.--
       (1) Sections 603(a), 604(a)(5), and 612 (20 U.S.C. 1123(a), 
     1124(a)(5), 1130-1) are each amended by striking 
     ``combinations'' each place it appears and inserting 
     ``consortia''.
       (2) Section 612 (20 U.S.C. 1130-1) is further amended by 
     striking ``combination'' each place it appears and inserting 
     ``consortium''.

     SEC. 602. BUSINESS AND INTERNATIONAL EDUCATION PROGRAMS.

       (a) Centers for International Business Education.--Section 
     612 (20 U.S.C. 1130-1) is further amended--
       (1) in subsection (a)(1)(C), by inserting ``manufacturing 
     software systems, technology management,'' after 
     ``commerce,'';
       (2) in subsection (c)(2)(E), by inserting ``(including 
     those that are eligible to receive assistance under part A or 
     B of title III or under title V)'' after ``other institutions 
     of higher education'';
       (3) in subsection (c)(2)--
       (A) by striking ``and'' at the end of subparagraph (E); and
       (B) by inserting the following new subparagraph after 
     subparagraph (E) (and redesignating the succeeding 
     subparagraph):
       ``(F) programs encouraging the advancement and 
     understanding of cultural, technological management, and 
     manufacturing software systems practices between institutions 
     of higher education in the United States and countries with 
     existing partnerships with other countries, including those 
     in Asian countries focused on this industry; and''; and
       (4) in subsection (e), by adding at the end the following 
     new paragraph:
       ``(5) Special rule.--The Secretary may waive or reduce the 
     required non-Federal share for institutions that--
       ``(A) are eligible to receive assistance under part A or B 
     of title III or under title V; and
       ``(B) have submitted a grant application under this section 
     that demonstrates a need for a waiver or reduction, as 
     determined by the Secretary.''.
       (b) Education and Training Programs.--Section 613 (20 
     U.S.C. 1130a) is amended by adding at the end the following 
     new subsection:
       ``(e) Special Rule.--The Secretary may waive or reduce the 
     required non-Federal share for institutions that--
       ``(1) are eligible to receive assistance under part A or B 
     of title III or under title V; and
       ``(2) have submitted a grant application under this section 
     that demonstrates a need for a waiver or reduction, as 
     determined by the Secretary.''.
       (c) Authorization of Appropriations.--Section 614 (20 
     U.S.C. 1130b) is amended by striking ``1999'' each place it 
     appears and inserting ``2009''.

     SEC. 603. INSTITUTE FOR INTERNATIONAL PUBLIC POLICY.

       (a) Foreign Service Professional Development.--Section 621 
     (20 U.S.C. 1131) is amended--
       (1) by striking the heading of such section and inserting 
     the following:

     ``SEC. 621. PROGRAM FOR FOREIGN SERVICE PROFESSIONALS.'';

       (2) by striking the second sentence of subsection (a) and 
     inserting the following: ``The Institute shall conduct a 
     program to enhance the international competitiveness of the 
     United States by increasing the participation of 
     underrepresented populations in the international service, 
     including private international voluntary organizations, the 
     international commercial service, and the foreign service of 
     the United States.''; and
       (3) in subsection (b)(1), by striking subparagraphs (A) and 
     (B) and inserting the following:
       ``(A) A Tribally Controlled College or University or Alaska 
     Native or Native Hawaiian-serving institution eligible for 
     assistance under title III, an institution eligible for 
     assistance under part B of title III, or a Hispanic-serving 
     institution eligible for assistance under title V.
       ``(B) An institution of higher education which serves 
     substantial numbers of underrepresented minority students.''.
       (b) Institutional Development.--Section 622(a) (20 U.S.C. 
     1131-1(a)) is amended by inserting before the period at the 
     end the following: ``and promote collaboration with colleges 
     and universities that receive funds under this title''.
       (c) Study Abroad Program.--Section 623(a) (20 U.S.C. 
     1131a(a)) is amended by inserting after ``1978,'' the 
     following: ``Alaska Native-serving, Native Hawaiian-serving, 
     and Hispanic-serving institutions,''.
       (d) Advanced Degree in International Relations.--Section 
     624 (20 U.S.C. 1131b) is amended--
       (1) by striking ``MASTERS'' in the heading of such section 
     and inserting ``ADVANCED'';
       (2) by striking ``a masters degree in international 
     relations'' and inserting ``an advanced degree in 
     international relations, international affairs, international 
     economics, or other academic areas related to the Institute 
     fellow's career objectives''; and
       (3) by striking ``The masters degree program designed by 
     the consortia'' and inserting ``The advanced degree study 
     program shall be designed by the consortia, consistent with 
     the fellow's career objectives, and''.
       (e) Internships.--Section 625 (20 U.S.C. 1131c) is 
     amended--
       (1) in subsection (a), by inserting after ``1978,'' the 
     following: ``Alaska Native-serving, Native Hawaiian-serving, 
     and Hispanic-serving institutions,'';
       (2) in subsection (b)--
       (A) by inserting ``and'' after the semicolon at the end of 
     paragraph (2);
       (B) by striking ``; and'' at the end of paragraph (3) and 
     inserting a period; and
       (C) by striking paragraph (4); and
       (3) by amending subsection (c) to read as follows:
       ``(c) Ralph J. Bunche Fellows.--In order to assure the 
     recognition and commitment of individuals from 
     underrepresented student populations who demonstrate special 
     interest in

[[Page H705]]

     international affairs and language study, eligible students 
     who participate in the internship programs authorized under 
     subsections (a) and (b) shall be known as the Ralph J. Bunche 
     Fellows.''.
       (f) Report.--Section 626 (20 U.S.C. 1131d) is amended by 
     striking ``annually prepare a report'' and inserting 
     ``prepare a report biennially''.
       (g) Authorization of Appropriations.--Section 628 (20 
     U.S.C. 1131f) is amended by striking ``1999'' and inserting 
     ``2009''.

     SEC. 604. PREPARING FOR EARLY FOREIGN LANGUAGE INSTRUCTION.

       Title VI (20 U.S.C. 1121 et seq.) is amended--
       (1) by redesignating part D as part E;
       (2) by redesignating section 631 (20 U.S.C. 1132) as 
     section 641; and
       (3) by inserting after section 628 the following new part:

       ``PART D--PREPARING FOR EARLY FOREIGN LANGUAGE INSTRUCTION

     ``SEC. 631. PREPARING FOR EARLY FOREIGN LANGUAGE INSTRUCTION.

       ``(a) Definitions.--In this section:
       ``(1) Eligible partnership.--The term `eligible 
     partnership' means a partnership that--
       ``(A) shall include--
       ``(i) a foreign language department of an institution of 
     higher education; and
       ``(ii) a local educational agency; and
       ``(B) may include--
       ``(i) another foreign language or teacher education 
     department of an institution of higher education;
       ``(ii) another local educational agency, or an elementary 
     or secondary school;
       ``(iii) a business;
       ``(iv) a nonprofit organization of demonstrated 
     effectiveness, including a museum;
       ``(v) heritage or community centers for language study;
       ``(vi) language resource centers; or
       ``(vii) the State foreign language coordinator or State 
     educational agency.
       ``(2) High-need local educational agency.--The term `high-
     need local educational agency' has the meaning given the term 
     in section 2102 of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act 
     of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 6602).
       ``(3) Articulated.--The term `articulated' means that each 
     grade level of the foreign language program is designed to 
     sequentially expand on the student achievement of the 
     previous level with a goal toward achieving an established 
     level of language proficiency.
       ``(b) Purpose.--The purpose of this section is to improve 
     the performance of students in the study of foreign languages 
     by encouraging States, institutions of higher education, 
     elementary schools, and secondary schools to participate in 
     programs that--
       ``(1) upgrade the status and stature of foreign language 
     teaching by encouraging institutions of higher education to 
     assume greater responsibility for improving foreign language 
     teacher education through the establishment of a 
     comprehensive, integrated system of recruiting and advising 
     such teachers;
       ``(2) focus on education of foreign language teachers as a 
     career-long process that should continuously stimulate 
     teachers' intellectual growth and upgrade teachers' knowledge 
     and skills;
       ``(3) bring foreign language teachers in elementary schools 
     and secondary schools together with linguists or higher 
     education foreign language professionals to increase the 
     subject matter knowledge and improve the teaching skills of 
     teachers through the use of more sophisticated resources that 
     institutions of higher education are better able to provide 
     than such schools; and
       ``(4) develop more rigorous foreign language curricula that 
     contain--
       ``(A) professionally accepted standards for elementary and 
     secondary education instruction;
       ``(B) standards expected for postsecondary study in foreign 
     language; and
       ``(C) articulated foreign language programs from 
     kindergarten through grade 12 that demonstrate increased 
     competence and proficiency over time and grade.
       ``(c) Grants to Partnerships.--
       ``(1) In general.--The Secretary may award grants, on a 
     competitive basis, to eligible partnerships to enable the 
     eligible partnerships to pay the Federal share of the costs 
     of carrying out the authorized activities described in this 
     section.
       ``(2) Duration.--The Secretary shall award grants under 
     this section for a period of 5 years.
       ``(3) Federal share.--The Federal share of the costs of the 
     activities assisted under this section shall be--
       ``(A) 75 percent of the costs for the first year that an 
     eligible partnership receives a grant payment under this 
     section;
       ``(B) 65 percent of such costs for the second such year; 
     and
       ``(C) 50 percent of such costs for each of the third, 
     fourth, and fifth such years.
       ``(4) Non-federal share.--The non-Federal share of the 
     costs of carrying out the authorized activities described in 
     this section may be provided in cash or in kind, fairly 
     evaluated.
       ``(5) Priority.--In awarding grants under this section, the 
     Secretary shall give priority to eligible partnerships--
       ``(A) that include high-need local educational agencies; or
       ``(B) that emphasize the teaching of commonly taught and 
     critical foreign languages in an articulated program that 
     demonstrates increased competency and proficiency over grade 
     and time.
       ``(d) Applications.--
       ``(1) In general.--Each eligible partnership desiring a 
     grant under this section shall submit an application to the 
     Secretary at such time, in such manner, and accompanied by 
     such information as the Secretary may require.
       ``(2) Contents.--An application under paragraph (1) shall 
     include--
       ``(A) an assessment of the teacher quality and professional 
     development needs of all the schools and agencies 
     participating in the eligible partnership with respect to the 
     teaching and learning of foreign languages;
       ``(B) a description of how the activities to be carried out 
     by the eligible partnership will be based on a review of 
     relevant research, and an explanation of why the activities 
     are expected to improve student performance and to strengthen 
     the quality of foreign language instruction; and
       ``(C) a description of--
       ``(i) how the eligible partnership will carry out the 
     authorized activities described in subsection (e); and
       ``(ii) the eligible partnership's evaluation and 
     accountability plan as described in subsection (f).
       ``(e) Authorized Activities.--An eligible partnership shall 
     use the grant funds provided under this section for 1 or more 
     of the following activities related to elementary schools or 
     secondary schools:
       ``(1) Creating opportunities for enhanced and ongoing 
     professional development that improves the subject matter 
     knowledge of foreign language teachers.
       ``(2) Recruiting university students with foreign language 
     majors for teaching.
       ``(3) Promoting strong teaching skills for foreign language 
     teachers and teacher educators.
       ``(4) Establishing foreign language summer workshops or 
     institutes (including follow-up) for teachers.
       ``(5) Establishing distance learning programs for foreign 
     language teachers.
       ``(6) Designing programs to prepare a teacher at a school 
     to provide professional development to other teachers at the 
     school and to assist novice teachers at such school, 
     including (if applicable) a mechanism to integrate 
     experiences from a summer workshop or institute.
       ``(7) Developing instruction materials.
       ``(f) Evaluation and Accountability Plan.--Each eligible 
     partnership receiving a grant under this section shall 
     develop an evaluation and accountability plan for activities 
     assisted under this section that includes strong performance 
     objectives. The plan shall include objectives and measures 
     for--
       ``(1) increased participation by students in advanced 
     courses in foreign language;
       ``(2) increased percentages of secondary school classes in 
     foreign language taught by teachers with academic majors in 
     foreign language; and
       ``(3) increased numbers of foreign language teachers who 
     participate in content-based professional development 
     activities.
       ``(g) Report.--Each eligible partnership receiving a grant 
     under this section shall annually report to the Secretary 
     regarding the eligible partnership's progress in meeting the 
     performance objectives described in subsection (f).
       ``(h) Termination.--If the Secretary determines that an 
     eligible partnership is not making substantial progress in 
     meeting the performance objectives described in subsection 
     (f) by the end of the third year of a grant under this 
     section, the grant payments shall not be made for the fourth 
     and fifth years of the grant.
       ``(i) Authorization of Appropriations.--There are 
     authorized to be appropriated to carry out this section, such 
     sums as may be necessary for fiscal year 2009 and for each of 
     the 4 succeeding fiscal years.''.

     SEC. 605. EVALUATION, OUTREACH, AND DISSEMINATION.

       Part E of title VI, as redesignated by section 604 of this 
     Act, is amended by inserting after section 641 (20 U.S.C. 
     1132 (as so redesignated)) the following new section:

     ``SEC. 642. EVALUATION, OUTREACH, AND DISSEMINATION.

       ``The Secretary may use not more than one percent of the 
     funds made available for this title for program evaluation, 
     national outreach, and information dissemination 
     activities.''.

     SEC. 606. STUDENT SAFETY.

       Part E of title VI, as redesignated by section 604 of this 
     Act, is further amended by inserting after section 642 (as 
     added by section 605 of this Act) the following new section:

     ``SEC. 643. STUDENT SAFETY.

       ``Applicants seeking funds under this title to support 
     student travel and study abroad shall submit as part of their 
     grant application a description of safety policies and 
     procedures for students participating in the program while 
     abroad.''.

     SEC. 607. SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY ADVANCED FOREIGN LANGUAGE 
                   EDUCATION GRANT PROGRAM.

       Part E of title VI, as redesignated by section 604 of this 
     Act, is further amended by inserting after section 643 (as 
     added by section 606 of this Act) the following new section:

     ``SEC. 644. SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY ADVANCED FOREIGN LANGUAGE 
                   EDUCATION GRANT PROGRAM.

       ``(a) Purpose.--It is the purpose of this section to 
     support programs in colleges and universities that--
       ``(1) encourage students to develop--
       ``(A) an understanding of science and technology; and
       ``(B) foreign language proficiency; and
       ``(2) foster future international scientific collaboration.
       ``(b) Development.--The Secretary shall develop a program 
     for the awarding of grants to institutions of higher 
     education that develop innovative programs for the teaching 
     of foreign languages.
       ``(c) Regulations and Requirements.--The Secretary shall 
     promulgate regulations for the awarding of grants under 
     subsection (b). Such regulations shall require institutions 
     of higher education to use grant funds for, among other 
     things--
       ``(1) the development of an on-campus cultural awareness 
     program by which students attend classes taught in a foreign 
     language and

[[Page H706]]

     study the science and technology developments and practices 
     in a non-English speaking country;
       ``(2) immersion programs where students take science or 
     technology related course work in a non-English speaking 
     country; and
       ``(3) other programs, such as summer workshops, that 
     emphasize the intense study of a foreign language and science 
     technology.
       ``(d) Grant Distribution.--In distributing grants to 
     institutions of higher education under this section, the 
     Secretary shall give priority to--
       ``(1) institutions that have programs focusing on curricula 
     that combine the study of foreign languages and the study of 
     science and technology and produce graduates who have both 
     skills; and
       ``(2) institutions teaching critical foreign languages.
       ``(e) Science.--In this section, the term `science' means 
     any of the natural and physical sciences including chemistry, 
     biology, physics, and computer science. Such term does not 
     include any of the social sciences.
       ``(f) Appropriations Authorized.--There are authorized to 
     be appropriated to carry out this section, such sums as may 
     be necessary for fiscal year 2009 and for each subsequent 
     fiscal year.''.

     SEC. 608. REPORTING BY INSTITUTIONS.

       Part E of title VI (20 U.S.C. 1122), as redesignated by 
     section 604 of this Act, is further amended by inserting 
     after section 644 (as added by section 607 of this Act) the 
     following new section:

     ``SEC. 645. REPORTING BY INSTITUTIONS.

       ``(a) Applicability.--The data requirement in subsection 
     (b) shall apply to an institution of higher education that 
     receives funds for a center or program under this title if--
       ``(1) the amount of cash, or the fair market value, or 
     both, of the contributions received from a foreign government 
     or private sector corporation, foundation, or any other 
     entity or individual (excluding domestic government entities) 
     during any fiscal year exceeds $1,000,000 in the aggregate; 
     and
       ``(2) the aggregate contribution is intended for use 
     directly or indirectly by a center or program receiving funds 
     under this title.
       ``(b) Data Required.--The Secretary shall require of each 
     institution to which this paragraph applies under subsection 
     (a), as part of the Integrated Postsecondary Education Data 
     System (IPEDS) annual data collection, that such institution 
     report the following data:
       ``(1) The names and addresses of any foreign government or 
     private sector corporation, foundation, or any other entity 
     or individual that contributed such amount of cash or such 
     fair market value of other property as described in 
     subsection (a)(1).
       ``(2) The amount of such cash or the fair market value of 
     such property.
       ``(c) Exemption From Reporting.--The Secretary may, at the 
     request of the donor, exempt domestic donors who make 
     anonymous donations from the institutional reporting 
     requirement of subsection (b)(1) to preserve the anonymity of 
     their contribution. The data of institutions shall identify 
     such donors as `anonymous'. This exemption does not apply to 
     non-domestic donations.
       ``(d) Deadline.--Any report under subsection (b) shall be 
     made no later than such date as the Secretary shall require.
       ``(e) Consequences of Failure To Report.--In the case of 
     any institution from which a report is requested under 
     subsection (b), if the Secretary does not receive a report in 
     accordance with the deadline established under subsection 
     (d), the Secretary shall--
       ``(1) make a determination that the institution of higher 
     education has failed to make the report required by this 
     paragraph;
       ``(2) transmit a notice of the determination to Congress; 
     and
       ``(3) publish in the Federal Register a notice of the 
     determination and the effect of the determination on the 
     eligibility of the institution of higher education for 
     contracts and grants under this title.''.

     SEC. 609. FEDERAL FOREIGN LANGUAGE EDUCATION MARKETING 
                   CAMPAIGN.

       The Secretary of Education shall establish a foreign 
     language education marketing campaign to encourage students 
     at secondary schools and institutions of higher education to 
     study foreign languages, particularly languages that are less 
     commonly taught and critical to the national security of the 
     United States.

                    TITLE VII--TITLE VII AMENDMENTS

     SEC. 701. JAVITS FELLOWSHIP PROGRAM.

       (a) Authority and Timing of Awards.--Section 701(a) (20 
     U.S.C. 1132a(a)) is amended by inserting after the second 
     sentence the following: ``For purposes of the exception in 
     the preceding sentence, a master's degree in fine arts shall 
     be considered a terminal degree.''.
       (b) Interruptions of Study.--Section 701(c) (20 U.S.C. 
     1134(c)) is amended by adding at the end the following new 
     sentence: ``In the case of other exceptional circumstances, 
     such as active duty military service or personal or family 
     member illness, the institution of higher education may also 
     permit the fellowship recipient to interrupt periods of study 
     for the duration of the tour of duty (in the case of military 
     service) or not more than 12 months (in any other case), but 
     without payment of the stipend.''.
       (c) Allocation of Fellowships.--Section 702(a)(1) (20 
     U.S.C. 1134a(a)(1)) is amended--
       (1) in the first sentence, by inserting ``from diverse 
     geographic regions'' after ``higher education''; and
       (2) by adding at the end the following new sentence: ``The 
     Secretary shall also assure that at least one representative 
     appointed to the Board represents an institution that is 
     eligible for a grant under title III or V of this Act.''.
       (d) Stipends.--Section 703 (20 U.S.C. 1134b) is amended--
       (1) in subsection (a)--
       (A) by striking ``1999-2000'' and inserting ``2009-2010''; 
     and
       (B) by striking ``Foundation graduate fellowships'' and 
     inserting ``Foundation Graduate Research Fellowship Program 
     on February 1 of such academic year''; and
       (2) in subsection (b), by amending paragraph (1)(A) to read 
     as follows:
       ``(1) In general.--(A) The Secretary shall (in addition to 
     stipends paid to individuals under this subpart) pay to the 
     institution of higher education, for each individual awarded 
     a fellowship under this subpart at such institution, an 
     institutional allowance. Except as provided in subparagraph 
     (B), such allowance shall be, for academic year 2009-2010 and 
     succeeding academic years, the same amount as the 
     institutional payment made for academic year 2008-2009, 
     adjusted for academic year 2009-2010 and annually thereafter 
     in accordance with inflation as determined by the Department 
     of Labor's Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers for 
     the previous calendar year.''.
       (e) Authorization of Appropriations.--Section 705 (20 
     U.S.C. 1134d) is amended by striking ``1999'' and inserting 
     ``2009''.

     SEC. 702. GRADUATE ASSISTANCE IN AREAS OF NATIONAL NEED.

       (a) Designation of Areas of National Need; Priority.--
     Section 712 (20 U.S.C. 1135a) is amended--
       (1) by amending subsection (b) to read as follows:
       ``(b) Designation of Areas of National Need.--After 
     consultation with appropriate Federal and nonprofit agencies 
     and organizations, including the National Science Foundation, 
     the Department of Defense, the Department of Homeland 
     Security, the National Academy of Sciences, and the Bureau of 
     Labor Statistics, the Secretary shall designate areas of 
     national need. In making such designations, the Secretary 
     shall take into consideration--
       ``(1) the extent to which the interest in the area is 
     compelling;
       ``(2) the extent to which other Federal programs support 
     postbaccalaureate study in the area concerned;
       ``(3) an assessment of how the program may achieve the most 
     significant impact with available resources;
       ``(4) an assessment of current and future professional 
     workforce needs of the United States; and
       ``(5) the priority described in subsection (c).''; and
       (2) by adding at the end the following new subsection:
       ``(c) Priority.--The Secretary shall establish a priority 
     for grants in order to prepare individuals for the 
     professorate who will train highly qualified elementary and 
     secondary mathematics and science teachers, special education 
     teachers, and teachers who provide instruction for limited 
     English proficient individuals. Such grants shall offer 
     program assistance and graduate fellowships for--
       ``(1) post baccalaureate study related to teacher 
     preparation and pedagogy in mathematics and science for 
     students who have completed a master's degree or are pursuing 
     a doctorate of philosophy in mathematics or science;
       ``(2) post baccalaureate study related to teacher 
     preparation and pedagogy in special education and English 
     language acquisition and academic proficiency for limited 
     English proficient individuals; and
       ``(3) support of dissertation research in the fields of 
     mathematics, science, special education, or second language 
     pedagogy and second language acquisition.''.
       (b) Collaboration Required for Certain Applications.--
     Section 713(b) (20 U.S.C. 1135b) is amended--
       (1) by striking ``and'' at the end of paragraph (9);
       (2) by redesignating paragraph (10) as paragraph (11); and
       (3) by inserting after paragraph (9) the following new 
     paragraph:
       ``(10) in the case of an application from a department, 
     program, or unit in education or teacher preparation, provide 
     assurances that such department, program, or unit will 
     collaborate with departments, programs, or units in all 
     content areas to ensure a successful combination of training 
     in both teaching and such content; and''.
       (c) Stipends.--Section 714(b) (20 U.S.C. 1135c(b)) is 
     amended--
       (1) by striking ``1999-2000'' and inserting ``2009-2010''; 
     and
       (2) by striking ``Foundation graduate fellowships'' and 
     inserting ``Foundation Graduate Research Fellowship Program 
     on February 1 of such academic year''.
       (d) Additional Assistance.--Section 715(a)(1) (20 U.S.C. 
     1135d(a)(1)) is amended--
       (1) by striking ``1999-2000'' and inserting ``2009-2010'';
       (2) by striking ``1998-1999'' and inserting ``2008-2009''; 
     and
       (3) by inserting ``for All Urban Consumers'' after ``Price 
     Index''.
       (e) Authorization of Appropriations.--Section 716 (20 
     U.S.C. 1135e) is amended by striking ``1999'' and inserting 
     ``2009''.
       (f) Technical Amendments.--Section 714(c) (20 U.S.C. 
     1135c(c)) is amended--
       (1) by striking ``section 716(a)'' and inserting ``section 
     715(a)''; and
       (2) by striking ``section 714(b)(2)'' and inserting 
     ``section 713(b)(2)''.

     SEC. 703. THURGOOD MARSHALL LEGAL EDUCATIONAL OPPORTUNITY 
                   PROGRAM.

       (a) Program Authority.--Section 721(a) (20 U.S.C. 1136(a)) 
     is amended--
       (1) by inserting ``middle and high school'' after 
     ``disadvantaged''; and

[[Page H707]]

       (2) by striking the period at the end of the sentence and 
     inserting ``and admission to law practice.''.
       (b) Eligibility.--Section 721(b) (20 U.S.C. 1136(b)) is 
     amended by inserting ``middle and high school or'' before 
     ``college student''.
       (c) Contract and Grant Purposes.--Section 721(c) (20 U.S.C. 
     1136(c)) is amended--
       (1) by inserting ``middle and high school students'' after 
     ``identify'' in paragraph (1);
       (2) by amending paragraph (2) to read as follows:
       ``(2) to prepare such students for study at accredited law 
     schools and assist them with the development of analytical 
     skills and study methods to enhance their success and promote 
     completion of law school;'';
       (3) by striking ``and'' at the end of paragraph (4);
       (4) by striking the period at the end of paragraph (5) and 
     inserting ``; and''; and
       (5) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
       ``(6) to award Thurgood Marshall Fellowships to eligible 
     law school students--
       ``(A) who participated in summer institutes authorized by 
     subsection (d) and who are enrolled in an accredited law 
     school; or
       ``(B) who are eligible law school students who have 
     successfully completed a comparable summer institute program 
     certified by the Council on Legal Educational Opportunity.''.
       (d) Services Provided.--Section 721(d)(1)(D) (20 U.S.C. 
     1136(d)(1)(D)) is amended by inserting ``in analytical skills 
     and study methods'' after ``courses''.
       (e) Authorization of Appropriations.--Section 721(h) (20 
     U.S.C. 1136(h)) is amended by striking ``1999'' and inserting 
     ``2009''.
       (f) General Provisions.--Subsection (e) of section 731 (20 
     U.S.C. 1137(e)) is repealed.

     SEC. 704. PATSY T. MINK FELLOWSHIP PROGRAM.

       Part A of title VII (20 U.S.C. 1134) is further amended--
       (1) by redesignating subpart 4 as subpart 5;
       (2) in the heading of section 731, by striking ``SUBPARTS 
     1, 2, AND 3'' and inserting ``SUBPARTS 1 THROUGH 4'';
       (3) in subsections (a) and (b) of section 731, by striking 
     ``subparts 1, 2, and 3'' each place it appears and inserting 
     ``subparts 1 through 4'';
       (4) in subsection (d) of such section, by striking 
     ``subpart 1, 2, or 3'' and inserting ``subpart 1, 2, 3, or 
     4''; and
       (5) by inserting after subpart 3 the following new subpart:

             ``Subpart 4--Patsy T. Mink Fellowship Program

     ``SEC. 722. PATSY T. MINK FELLOWSHIPS.

       ``(a) Purpose; Designation.--
       ``(1) Purpose.--It is the purpose of this subpart to 
     provide a program of fellowship awards to assist highly 
     qualified minorities and women to acquire the terminal 
     master's degree or the doctorate degree in academic areas in 
     which such individuals are underrepresented for the purpose 
     of entering the higher education professoriate.
       ``(2) Eligible institutions.--For purposes of this subpart, 
     the term `eligible institution' means an institution of 
     higher education, or a consortium of such institutions, that 
     offers a program of post baccalaureate study leading to a 
     graduate degree.
       ``(3) Designation.--Each recipient of a fellowship award 
     from an institution receiving a grant under this subpart 
     shall be known as a Patsy T. Mink Graduate Fellow.
       ``(b) Program Authorized.--
       ``(1) Grants by secretary.--
       ``(A) In general.--From funds made available under 
     subsection (e), the Secretary shall make grants to eligible 
     institutions of higher education to enable such institutions 
     to make fellowship awards to qualified students in accordance 
     with the provisions of this subpart.
       ``(B) Priority consideration.--In making grant awards under 
     this subpart, the Secretary shall consider the applicant 
     institution's prior experience in producing doctorates and 
     terminal master's degree holders who are minorities and 
     females, and shall give priority consideration in making 
     grants under this subpart to those institutions with a 
     demonstrated record of producing minorities and women who 
     have earned such degrees.
       ``(2) Distribution and amounts of grants.--
       ``(A) Equitable distribution.--In making such grants the 
     Secretary shall, to the maximum extent feasible, ensure an 
     equitable geographic distribution of awards and an equitable 
     distribution among eligible public and private institutions 
     of higher education that apply for grants under this subpart 
     and that demonstrate the ability to achieve the purpose of 
     this subpart.
       ``(B) Special rule.--To the maximum extent practical, the 
     Secretary shall award at least 50 percent of the amount 
     appropriated under this subpart to institutions of higher 
     education eligible for assistance under titles III and V, or 
     to consortia composed of otherwise eligible institutions of 
     higher education and such minority-serving institutions.
       ``(C) Allocation.--In making such grants the Secretary 
     shall, consistent with subparagraphs (A) and (B), allocate 
     appropriated funds to those institutions whose applications 
     indicate the ability to significantly increase the numbers of 
     minorities and women entering the higher education 
     professoriate and that commit institutional resources to the 
     attainment of the purpose of this subpart. No grant made 
     under this subpart shall support fewer than fifteen degree 
     candidates consistent with subsection (d)(2).
       ``(D) Reallotment.--Whenever the Secretary determines that 
     an institution of higher education is unable to utilize all 
     of the amounts made available to it under this subpart, the 
     Secretary shall, on such dates during the fiscal year as the 
     Secretary may determine, reallocate such unused amounts to 
     institutions which demonstrate that they can use any 
     reallocated grant funds to make fellowship awards to 
     qualified individuals under this subpart.
       ``(c)  Applications.--
       ``(1) Applications required.--Any eligible institution of 
     higher education offering a program of post baccalaureate 
     study leading to a graduate degree that meets the purpose of 
     this subpart may apply for a grant. Each such institution, or 
     consortium of eligible institutions (including those 
     institutions specified in subsection (b)(2)(B)) may make an 
     application to the Secretary at such time, in such manner, 
     and containing or accompanied by such information as the 
     Secretary may reasonably require.
       ``(2) Selection of applications.--In selecting applications 
     for the making grants to institutions of higher education, 
     the Secretary shall--
       ``(A) take into account the number and distribution of 
     minority and female faculty nationally, as well as the 
     current and projected need for highly trained individuals--
       ``(i) in all areas of the higher education professoriate; 
     and
       ``(ii) in academic career fields in which minorities and 
     women are underrepresented in the higher education 
     professoriate; and
       ``(B) consider the need to prepare a larger number of 
     minorities and women generally in academic career fields of 
     high national priority, especially in areas in which such 
     individuals are traditionally underrepresented in college and 
     university faculties.
       ``(d) Fellowship Terms and Conditions.--
       ``(1) Selection of fellows.--
       ``(A) Eligible applicants.--The Secretary shall assure 
     that, in awarding fellowships from funds made available under 
     this subpart, grantee institutions make fellowship awards to 
     individuals who plan to pursue a career in instruction at any 
     institution of higher education that is eligible to 
     participate in title IV programs.
       ``(B) Academic progress.--Notwithstanding subparagraph (A), 
     no otherwise eligible student selected for support shall 
     receive a fellowship award--
       ``(i) during periods in which such student is enrolled, 
     unless such student is maintaining satisfactory academic 
     progress in, and devoting full-time to, study or research in 
     the pursuit of the degree for which the fellowship support 
     was awarded; or
       ``(ii) if the student is engaged in gainful employment, 
     other than part-time employment related to teaching, 
     research, or a similar activity determined by the institution 
     to be consistent with and supportive of the student's 
     progress toward the appropriate degree.
       ``(2) Service requirement.--
       ``(A) Teaching required.--Each Patsy T. Mink Graduate 
     Fellow who earns the doctoral or terminal master's degree 
     with assistance provided under this subpart shall teach at an 
     eligible institution for one year for each year of fellowship 
     assistance received under this subpart.
       ``(B) Institutional obligation.--Each institution which 
     receives an award from the Secretary under this subpart shall 
     provide an assurance that it has inquired of and determined 
     the fellowship recipient's decision to, within 3 years of 
     receiving the doctorate or terminal master's degree, begin 
     employment at an eligible institution of higher education as 
     required by this subpart.
       ``(C) Agreement required.--Prior to receiving the initial 
     fellowship award, and upon the annual renewal of the 
     fellowship award, a fellow shall sign an agreement with the 
     Secretary memorializing this commitment to enter the 
     professoriate.
       ``(D) Consequences of failure.--If a fellowship recipient 
     fails to honor the service requirement of this subsection, 
     the Secretary shall--
       ``(i) require the individual to repay all or the applicable 
     portion of the total fellowship amount awarded to the 
     individual by converting the balance due to a loan at the 
     interest rate applicable to loans made under part B of title 
     IV; or
       ``(ii) require the individual to pay an amount determined 
     by the Secretary to be appropriate, except as provided in 
     subparagraph (E).
       ``(E) Modified service requirement.--The Secretary may 
     waive or modify the service requirement of this paragraph 
     based on regulations, promulgated pursuant to and consistent 
     with criteria which determine the circumstances under which 
     compliance with the service obligation by the fellowship 
     recipient would be inequitable and represent a substantial 
     hardship. The Secretary may waive the service requirement 
     if--
       ``(i) compliance by the fellowship recipient would be 
     deemed impossible because the individual is permanently and 
     totally disabled at the time of the waiver request; or
       ``(ii) compliance by the fellowship recipient is based on 
     documentation presented to the Secretary of substantial 
     economic or personal hardship, as determined in accordance 
     with regulations prescribed by the Secretary.
       ``(3) Amount of fellowship awards.--
       ``(A) In general.--From the grants made pursuant to this 
     subpart, eligible institutions shall award stipends to 
     individuals who are awarded fellowships under this subpart. 
     Such stipends shall reflect the purpose of the program 
     authorized by this subpart to encourage highly qualified 
     minorities and women to pursue graduate study for the purpose 
     of entering the higher education professoriate.
       ``(B) Awards based on need.--Stipends shall be in an amount 
     equal to the level of support provided by the National 
     Science Foundation graduate fellowships, except that such 
     stipend shall be adjusted as necessary so as not to exceed 
     the fellow's demonstrated need as determined by the 
     institution of higher education where the graduate student is 
     enrolled.
       ``(4) Institutional payments.--

[[Page H708]]

       ``(A) In general.--The Secretary shall, in addition to the 
     amounts made available to institutions for stipends to 
     individuals under this subpart, pay to grantee institutions 
     of higher education, for each individual awarded a fellowship 
     under this subpart at such institution, an institutional 
     allowance. Except as provided for in subparagraph (C), such 
     allowance shall be, for academic year 2009-2010 and 
     succeeding academic years, the same as the institutional 
     payment made for that year under the Graduate Assistance in 
     Areas of National Need program in subpart 2 of part A, and 
     shall be adjusted annually thereafter in accordance with 
     inflation as determined by the Department of Labor's Consumer 
     Price Index for All Urban Consumers for the previous calendar 
     year.
       ``(B) Use of funds.--Institutional payments may be expended 
     at the discretion of the institution, except that such funds 
     shall be used to provide academic support and career 
     transition services for participating fellows.
       ``(C) Reduction.--The institutional allowance paid under 
     subparagraph (A) shall be reduced by the amount the 
     institution charges and collects from a fellowship recipient 
     for tuition and other expenses as part of the institution's 
     instructional program.
       ``(D) Use for overhead prohibited.--Funds made available 
     pursuant to this subpart may not be used for general 
     operational overhead of the academic department or 
     institution receiving such funds.
       ``(e) Authorization of Appropriations.--There are 
     authorized to appropriated to carry out this subpart such 
     sums as may be necessary for fiscal year 2009 and for each of 
     the 4 succeeding fiscal years.''.

     SEC. 705. FUND FOR THE IMPROVEMENT OF POSTSECONDARY 
                   EDUCATION.

       (a) Contract and Grant Purposes.--Section 741(a) (20 U.S.C. 
     1138(a)) is amended--
       (1) by amending paragraph (1) to read as follows:
       ``(1) the encouragement of the reform and improvement of, 
     and innovation in, postsecondary education and the provision 
     of educational opportunity for all, especially for the non-
     traditional student populations;'';
       (2) in paragraph (2), by inserting before the semicolon at 
     the end the following: ``for postsecondary students, 
     especially institutions, programs, and joint efforts that 
     provide academic credit for programs'';
       (3) by amending paragraph (3) to read as follows:
       ``(3) the establishment of institutions and programs based 
     on the technology of communications, including delivery by 
     distance education;'';
       (4) by amending paragraph (6) to read as follows:
       ``(6) the introduction of institutional reforms designed to 
     expand individual opportunities for entering and reentering 
     postsecondary institutions and pursuing programs of 
     postsecondary study tailored to individual needs;'';
       (5) by striking ``and'' at the end of paragraph (7);
       (6) by striking the period at the end of paragraph (8) and 
     inserting a semicolon; and
       (7) by adding at the end the following new paragraphs:
       ``(9) the assessment, in partnership with a public or 
     private nonprofit institution or agency, of the performance 
     of teacher preparation programs within institutions of higher 
     education in a State, using an assessment which provides 
     comparisons across such institutions within the State based 
     upon indicators including teacher candidate knowledge in 
     subject areas in which such candidate has been prepared to 
     teach;
       ``(10) the support of efforts to establish pilot programs 
     and initiatives to help college campuses reduce illegal 
     downloading of copyrighted content, in order to improve the 
     security and integrity of campus computer networks and save 
     bandwidth costs;
       ``(11) the support of increased fire safety in student 
     housing--
       ``(A) by establishing a demonstration incentive program for 
     qualified student housing in institutions of higher 
     education;
       ``(B) by making grants for the purpose of installing fire 
     alarm detection, prevention, and protection technologies in 
     student housing, dormitories, and other buildings controlled 
     by such entities; and
       ``(C) by requiring, as a condition of such grants--
       ``(i) that such technologies be installed professionally to 
     technical standards of the National Fire Protection 
     Association; and
       ``(ii) that the recipient shall provide non-Federal 
     matching funds in an amount equal to the amount of the grant;
       ``(12) the assessment, in partnership with a consortium of 
     higher education organizations, of the feasibility and 
     potential design of an inter-institution monitoring 
     organization on gender and racial equality in campus faculty 
     and administration;
       ``(13) the provision of support and assistance to 
     partnerships between institutions of higher education and 
     secondary schools with at least 10 percent of their 
     enrollment assessed as late-entering limited English 
     proficient students to establish programs that result in 
     increased secondary school graduation rates of limited 
     English proficient students and that increase the number of 
     eligible late-entering limited English proficient students 
     who pursue postsecondary education opportunities;
       ``(14) the provision of support and assistance for 
     demonstration projects to provide comprehensive support 
     services to ensure that homeless students, or students who 
     were in foster care until the age of 18, enroll and succeed 
     in postsecondary education, including providing housing to 
     such students during periods when housing at the institution 
     of higher education is closed or generally unavailable to 
     other students;
       ``(15) the support of efforts to work with organizations 
     that are exempt from taxation under section 501(c)(3) of the 
     Internal Revenue Code of 1986 and institutions of higher 
     education that seek to promote cultural diversity in the 
     entertainment media industry including through the training 
     of students in production, marketing, and distribution of 
     culturally relevant content; and
       ``(16) the creation of consortia that join diverse 
     institutions of higher education to design and offer 
     curricular and co-curricular interdisciplinary programs at 
     the undergraduate and graduate levels, sustained for not less 
     than a 5 year period, that--
       ``(A) focus on poverty and human capability; and
       ``(B) include--
       ``(i) a service-learning component; and
       ``(ii) the delivery of educational services through 
     informational resource centers, summer institutes, mid-year 
     seminars, and other educational activities that stress the 
     effects of poverty and how poverty can be alleviated through 
     different career paths.''.
       (b) Scholarship Program for Family Members of Veterans or 
     Members of the Military; Center for Best Practices To Support 
     Single Parent Students.--Section 741 (20 U.S.C. 1138) is 
     further amended by adding at the end the following new 
     subsections:
       ``(c) Scholarship Program for Family Members of Veterans or 
     Members of the Military.--
       ``(1) Authorization.--The Secretary shall contract with a 
     nonprofit organization with demonstrated experience in 
     carrying out the activities described in this subsection to 
     carry out a program to provide postsecondary education 
     scholarships for eligible students.
       ``(2) Eligible students.--In this subsection, the term 
     `eligible student' means an individual who is--
       ``(A)(i) a dependent student who is a child of--
       ``(I) an individual who is--

       ``(aa) serving on active duty during a war or other 
     military operation or national emergency (as defined in 
     section 481); or
       ``(bb) performing qualifying National Guard duty during a 
     war or other military operation or national emergency (as 
     defined in section 481); or

       ``(II) a veteran who died while serving or performing, as 
     described in subclause (I), since September 11, 2001, or has 
     been disabled while serving or performing, as described in 
     subclause (I), as a result of such event; or
       ``(ii) an independent student who--
       ``(I) is a spouse of an individual who is--

       ``(aa) serving on active duty during a war or other 
     military operation or national emergency (as defined in 
     section 481); or
       ``(bb) performing qualifying National Guard duty during a 
     war or other military operation or national emergency (as 
     defined in section 481); or

       ``(II) was (at the time of the death of the veteran) a 
     spouse of a veteran who died while serving or performing, as 
     described in subclause (I), since September 11, 2001, or has 
     been disabled while serving or performing, as described in 
     subclause (I), as a result of such event; and
       ``(B) enrolled as a full-time or part-time student at an 
     institution of higher education (as defined in section 102).
       ``(3) Awarding of scholarships.--Scholarships awarded under 
     this subsection shall be awarded based on need with priority 
     given to eligible students who are eligible to receive 
     Federal Pell Grants under subpart 1 of part A of title IV.
       ``(4) Maximum scholarship amount.--The maximum scholarship 
     amount awarded to an eligible student under this subsection 
     for an academic year shall be the lesser of--
       ``(A) the difference between the eligible student's cost of 
     attendance (as defined in section 472) and any non-loan based 
     aid such student receives; or
       ``(B) $5,000.
       ``(5) Amounts for scholarships.--All of the amounts 
     appropriated to carry out this subsection for a fiscal year 
     shall be used for scholarships awarded under this subsection, 
     except that a nonprofit organization receiving a contract 
     under this subsection may use not more than 1 percent of such 
     amounts for the administrative costs of the contract.
       ``(d) Center for Best Practices To Support Single Parent 
     Students.--
       ``(1) Program authorized.--The Secretary is authorized to 
     award 1 grant or contract to an institution of higher 
     education to enable such institution to establish and 
     maintain a center to study and develop best practices for 
     institutions of higher education to support single parents 
     who are also students attending such institutions.
       ``(2) Institution requirements.--The Secretary shall award 
     the grant or contract under this subsection to a 4-year 
     institution of higher education that has demonstrated 
     expertise in the development of programs to assist single 
     parents who are students at institutions of higher education, 
     as shown by the institution's development of a variety of 
     targeted services to such students, including on-campus 
     housing, child care, counseling, advising, internship 
     opportunities, financial aid, and financial aid counseling 
     and assistance.
       ``(3) Center activities.--The center funded under this 
     section shall--
       ``(A) assist institutions implementing innovative programs 
     that support single parents pursuing higher education;
       ``(B) study and develop an evaluation protocol for such 
     programs that includes quantitative and qualitative 
     methodologies;
       ``(C) provide appropriate technical assistance regarding 
     the replication, evaluation, and continuous improvement of 
     such programs; and

[[Page H709]]

       ``(D) develop and disseminate best practices for such 
     programs.''.
       (c) Prohibition.--Section 741 is further amended by adding 
     after subsection (d) (as added by subsection (b) of this 
     section) the following new subsection:
       ``(e) Prohibition.--No funds made available under this part 
     may be used to provide financial assistance to students who 
     do not meet the requirements of section 484(a)(5).''.
       (d) Technical Amendments.--Part B of title VII (20 U.S.C. 
     1038 et seq.) is further amended--
       (1) in section 742 (20 U.S.C. 1138a)--
       (A) in subsection (b)--
       (i) by striking ``(1) In general.--''; and
       (ii) by striking paragraph (2);
       (B) in subsection (c), by striking ``and the Director'' 
     each place it appears; and
       (C) in subsection (d), by striking ``Director'' and 
     inserting ``Secretary'';
       (2) in section 743 (20 U.S.C. 1138b)--
       (A) by striking ``(a) Technical Employees.--''; and
       (B) by striking subsection (b); and
       (3) in section 744(a) (20 U.S.C. 1138c(a)), by striking 
     ``Director'' each place it appears and inserting 
     ``Secretary''.
       (e) Areas of National Need.--Section 744(c) (20 U.S.C. 
     1138c(c)) is amended by adding at the end the following:
       ``(5) Establishment of academic programs including graduate 
     and undergraduate courses, seminars and lectures, support of 
     research, and development of teaching materials for the 
     purpose of supporting faculty and academic programs that 
     teach traditional American history (including significant 
     constitutional, political, intellectual, economic, 
     diplomatic, and foreign policy trends, issues, and documents; 
     the history, nature, and development of democratic 
     institutions of which American democracy is a part; and 
     significant events and individuals in the history of the 
     United States).''.
       (f) Authorization of Appropriations.--Section 745 (20 
     U.S.C. 1138d) is amended by striking ``$30,000,000 for fiscal 
     year 1999'' and inserting ``$40,000,000 for fiscal year 
     2009''.

     SEC. 706. URBAN-SERVING RESEARCH UNIVERSITIES.

       Part C of title VII (20 U.S.C. 1139 et seq.) is amended to 
     read as follows:

             ``PART C--URBAN-SERVING RESEARCH UNIVERSITIES

     ``SEC. 751. PURPOSE; PROGRAM AUTHORIZED.

       ``(a) Purpose.--It is the purpose of this part to provide 
     incentives to urban-serving research universities to enable 
     such universities to expand research knowledge and to develop 
     and implement initiatives in partnership with community-based 
     organizations and other public or nonprofit private entities 
     to strengthen city economies, foster innovation and 
     opportunity, and solve urban challenges.
       ``(b) Program Authorized.--The Secretary is authorized to 
     award grants to urban-serving research universities to enable 
     such universities to carry out the activities described in 
     section 753 in accordance with the provisions of this part.

     ``SEC. 752. APPLICATION FOR URBAN-SERVING RESEARCH UNIVERSITY 
                   GRANTS.

       ``(a) Application.--An urban-serving research university 
     seeking assistance under this part shall submit to the 
     Secretary an application at such time, in such manner, and 
     containing such information as the Secretary may reasonably 
     require.
       ``(b) Priority in Selection of Applications.--The Secretary 
     shall give priority to applications that propose to conduct 
     joint projects supported by Federal, State, and local 
     programs other than the program under this Act. In addition, 
     the Secretary shall give priority to urban-serving research 
     universities with a demonstrated record of effective 
     engagement in serving the communities in which such 
     universities are located.

     ``SEC. 753. ALLOWABLE ACTIVITIES.

       ``An urban-serving research university shall use funds 
     awarded under this part to further develop and apply research 
     findings to the development, implementation, and ongoing 
     evaluation of--
       ``(1) systemic initiatives with elementary and secondary 
     schools and other educational organizations designed to--
       ``(A) improve teacher quality and retention; or
       ``(B) develop strategies to improve postsecondary and 
     workplace readiness, particularly in fields related to 
     science, technology, engineering, and mathematics;
       ``(2) innovative economic revitalization efforts in 
     conjunction with community-based organizations and other 
     public or nonprofit private entities; or
       ``(3) public health outreach, education, and intervention 
     activities designed to reduce health disparities in urban 
     areas, in partnership with community-based organizations and 
     other public or nonprofit private entities.

     ``SEC. 754. DEFINITIONS.

       ``As used in this part:
       ``(1) Urban area.--The term `urban area' means a city with 
     a population of not less than 200,000 within a metropolitan 
     statistical area.
       ``(2) Urban-serving research university.--The term `urban-
     serving research university' means a public institution of 
     higher education that--
       ``(A) meets the requirements of section 101;
       ``(B) is located in an urban area;
       ``(C) has the capacity to conduct applicable research, as 
     demonstrated by awarding more than 10 doctoral degrees per 
     academic year;
       ``(D) draws a substantial portion of its students from the 
     urban area in which such institution is located; and
       ``(E) has demonstrated and sustained a sense of 
     responsibility to such urban area and the people of such 
     area.

     ``SEC. 755. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

       ``There are authorized to be appropriated to carry out this 
     part $50,000,000 for fiscal year 2009 and such sums as may be 
     necessary for each of the 4 succeeding fiscal years.''.

     SEC. 707. PROGRAMS TO ENSURE STUDENTS WITH DISABILITIES 
                   RECEIVE A QUALITY HIGHER EDUCATION.

       (a) Serving All Students With Disabilities.--Section 762(a) 
     (20 U.S.C. 1140a(a)) is amended by striking ``students with 
     learning disabilities'' and inserting ``students with 
     disabilities''.
       (b) Authorized Activities.--
       (1) Amendment.--Section 762(b)(2) is amended--
       (A) in subparagraph (A)--
       (i) by inserting ``, including methods and strategies 
     consistent with the principles of universal design for 
     learning'' after ``strategies''; and
       (ii) by inserting ``in order to improve retention and 
     completion'' after ``disabilities'';
       (B) by redesignating subparagraphs (B) and (C) as 
     subparagraphs (C) and (F), respectively;
       (C) by inserting after subparagraph (A) the following new 
     subparagraph:
       ``(B) Effective transition practices.--The development of 
     innovative, effective, and efficient teaching methods and 
     strategies to ensure the smooth transition of students with 
     disabilities from high school to postsecondary education.''; 
     and
       (D) by inserting after subparagraph (C) (as redesignated by 
     subparagraph (B) of this paragraph) the following new 
     subparagraphs:
       ``(D) Distance learning.--The development of innovative, 
     effective, and efficient teaching methods and strategies to 
     provide faculty and administrators with the ability to 
     provide accessible distance education programs or classes 
     that would enhance access of students with disabilities to 
     higher education, including the use of accessible electronic 
     communication for instruction and advisement.
       ``(E) Accessibility of education.--Making postsecondary 
     education more accessible to students with disabilities 
     through the use of accessible instructional materials and 
     curriculum development, consistent with the principles of 
     universal design for learning.''.
       (2) Report.--Section 762 is further amended by adding at 
     the end the following new subsection:
       ``(d) Report.--Not later than 3 years after the date of 
     enactment of the College Opportunity and Affordability Act of 
     2007, the Secretary shall prepare and disseminate a report 
     reviewing the activities of the demonstration projects 
     authorized under this subpart and providing guidance and 
     recommendations on how successful projects can be 
     replicated.''.
       (3) Conforming amendment.--Section 762(b)(3) is amended by 
     striking ``subparagraphs (A) through (C)'' and inserting 
     ``subparagraphs (A) through (F)''.
       (c) Applications.--Section 763 (20 U.S.C. 1140b) is 
     amended--
       (1) by amending paragraph (1) to read as follows:
       ``(1) a description of how such institution plans to 
     address the activities allowed under this subpart;'';
       (2) in paragraph (2)--
       (A) by striking ``institution to develop'' and inserting 
     ``institution, including students with disabilities, to 
     develop''; and
       (B) by striking ``and'' at the end;
       (3) by striking the period at the end of paragraph (3) and 
     inserting ``; and''; and
       (4) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
       ``(4) a description of the extent to which an institution 
     will work to replicate the best practices of institutions of 
     higher education with demonstrated success in serving 
     students with disabilities.''.
       (d) Authorization of Appropriations for Demonstration 
     Projects To Ensure Students With Disabilities Receive a 
     Quality Higher Education.--Section 765 (20 U.S.C. 1140d) is 
     amended by striking ``1999'' and inserting ``2009''.
       (e) National Technical Assistance Center; Commission on 
     Accessible Materials; Programs To Support Improved Access to 
     Materials; Transition Programs for Students With Intellectual 
     Disabilities; Coordinating Center.--Part D of title VII (20 
     U.S.C. 1140 et seq.) is further amended--
       (1) in the part heading, by striking ``DEMONSTRATION 
     PROJECTS'' and inserting ``PROGRAMS'';
       (2) by inserting after the part heading the following:

                ``Subpart 1--Quality Higher Education''

     ; and
       (3) by adding at the end the following:

   ``Subpart 2--National Technical Assistance Center; Commission on 
 Accessible Materials; Programs to Support Improved Access to Materials

     ``SEC. 766. NATIONAL CENTER.

       ``(a) Purpose.--It is the purpose of this subpart to 
     support the development of a national center to provide 
     information and technical assistance for students with 
     disabilities to improve the postsecondary recruitment, 
     retention, and completion success rates of such students.
       ``(b) Establishment and Support.--The Secretary shall, by 
     grant, contract, or cooperative agreement with an eligible 
     entity or partnership of two or more eligible entities, 
     provide for the establishment and support of a National 
     Center for Information and Technical Support for 
     Postsecondary Students with Disabilities (hereinafter in this 
     subpart referred to as the `Center') which shall carry out 
     the duties set forth in subsection (d).
       ``(c) Eligible Entity.--In this subpart, the term `eligible 
     entity' means an institution of higher education or a private 
     nonprofit organization with demonstrated expertise in--
       ``(1) supporting postsecondary students with disabilities;

[[Page H710]]

       ``(2) technical knowledge necessary for the accessible 
     dissemination of information; and
       ``(3) working with a diverse range of types of institutions 
     of higher education, including community colleges.
       ``(d) Duties.--The duties of the Center shall include the 
     following:
       ``(1) Assistance to students and families.--The Center 
     shall provide information and technical assistance to 
     students with disabilities, their families, and disability 
     support service personnel related to practices supporting 
     students across a broad spectrum of disabilities, including--
       ``(A) information to assist prospective students with 
     disabilities in planning their postsecondary academic career 
     while they are in middle and secondary school;
       ``(B) research-based supports, services, and accommodations 
     which are available in postsecondary settings, including 
     services provided by other agencies such as vocational 
     rehabilitation;
       ``(C) information on student mentoring and networking 
     opportunities; and
       ``(D) successful recruitment and transition programs in 
     existence in postsecondary institutions.
       ``(2) Assistance to institutions of higher education.--The 
     Center shall provide information and technical assistance to 
     faculty, staff, and administrators of institutions of higher 
     education to improve the services provided to, the 
     accommodations for, the retention rates of, and the 
     completion rates of, students with disabilities in higher 
     education settings, which may include--
       ``(A) collection and dissemination of promising practices 
     and materials for accommodation and support of students with 
     disabilities;
       ``(B) development and provision of training modules for 
     higher education faculty on exemplary practices for 
     accommodating and supporting students with disabilities 
     across a range of academic fields; or
       ``(C) development of Internet-based tutorials for faculty, 
     including graduate teaching assistants and new faculty, on 
     promising practices related to support and retention of 
     students with disabilities in postsecondary education.
       ``(3)  Information collection and dissemination.--The 
     Center shall be responsible for building and maintaining a 
     database of disability support services information with 
     respect to institutions of higher education, which shall be 
     available to the general public through a website built to 
     the highest technical standards of accessibility currently 
     practicable for the broad spectrum of individuals with 
     disabilities. Such database and website shall include 
     information on--
       ``(A) disability documentation requirements;
       ``(B) support services available;
       ``(C) links to financial aid;
       ``(D) accommodations policies;
       ``(E) accessible instructional materials;
       ``(F) other topics relevant to students with disabilities 
     and prospective students with disabilities; and
       ``(G) the information in the report described in paragraph 
     (5).
       ``(4) Professional standards for disability support 
     personnel.--The Center shall consolidate and disseminate 
     information with respect to professional standards in 
     existence for disability support services personnel and 
     offices in institutions of higher education and shall convene 
     a panel of experts to create and disseminate professional 
     standards for such personnel and offices.
       ``(5) Review and report.--The Center shall annually prepare 
     and disseminate a report analyzing the current condition of 
     postsecondary success for students with disabilities. Such 
     report shall include--
       ``(A) a review of the activities of the programs authorized 
     under ths part;
       ``(B) enrollment and graduation rates of students with 
     disabilities in institutions of higher education;
       ``(C) guidance on how successful postsecondary supports and 
     services for students with disabilities could be widely 
     implemented at institutions of higher education;
       ``(D) guidance on how to reduce barriers to full 
     participation for students with disabilities in higher 
     education; and
       ``(E) a description of activities necessary to facilitate a 
     substantial improvement in the postsecondary success of such 
     students.
       ``(e) Staffing of the Center.--The Center shall employ 
     disability support personnel with proven expertise in 
     providing training and technical assistance to practitioners. 
     Such personnel shall provide technical assistance to 
     individual colleges and universities seeking to provide 
     appropriate supports and services to students with 
     disabilities to improve enrollment, retention, and completion 
     rates of such students.

     ``SEC. 766A. ESTABLISHMENT OF ADVISORY COMMISSION ON 
                   ACCESSIBLE INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIALS IN 
                   POSTSECONDARY EDUCATION FOR STUDENTS WITH 
                   DISABILITIES.

       ``(a) Establishment.--
       ``(1) In general.--The Secretary shall establish a 
     commission to be known as the Advisory Commission on 
     Accessible Instructional Materials in Postsecondary Education 
     for Students with Disabilities, in this subpart referred to 
     as the `Commission'.
       ``(2) Membership.--
       ``(A) The Commission shall include one representative of 
     each of the following:
       ``(i) Department of Education Office of Postsecondary 
     Education.
       ``(ii) Department of Education Office of Special Education 
     and Rehabilitative Services.
       ``(iii) Department of Education Office for Civil Rights.
       ``(iv) Library of Congress National Digital Information and 
     Infrastructure Preservation Program Copyright Working Group.
       ``(v) Association on Higher Education and Disability.
       ``(vi) Association of American Publishers.
       ``(vii) Association of American University Presses.
       ``(viii) National Association of College Stores.
       ``(ix) National Council on Disability.
       ``(B) The Commission shall be composed of at least one but 
     not more than two representatives, as appointed by the 
     Secretary, of each of the following:
       ``(i) Staff from institutions of higher education with 
     demonstrated experience teaching or supporting students with 
     print disabilities, representing each of the following:

       ``(I) Large public institution of higher education.
       ``(II) Small public institution of higher education.
       ``(III) Large private institution of higher education.
       ``(IV) Small private institution of higher education.
       ``(V) Large community college.
       ``(VI) Small community college.

       ``(ii) Producers of materials in specialized formats, 
     including each of the following:

       ``(I) Braille.
       ``(II) Audio or synthesized speech.
       ``(III) Digital media.

       ``(iii) Developers of accessibility and publishing software 
     and supporting technologies.
       ``(iv) National organizations serving individuals with 
     visual impairments that have demonstrated experience in 
     technology evaluation research, academic publishing, 
     production of material in accessible formats, and educational 
     methodologies for such for individuals.
       ``(v) Postsecondary students with visual impairment.
       ``(vi) Postsecondary students with dyslexia or other 
     learning disabilities related to reading.
       ``(vii) Attorneys with expertise in copyright law.
       ``(C) The Commission shall include at least two, but not 
     more than three, representatives as appointed by the 
     Secretary, of national membership organizations representing 
     individuals with print disabilities, including each of the 
     following:
       ``(i) Individuals with visual impairments.
       ``(ii) Individuals with learning disabilities related to 
     reading.
       ``(D) The appointments of the members of the Commission 
     shall be made not later than 45 days after the date of 
     enactment of the College Opportunity and Affordability Act of 
     2007.
       ``(3) Period of appointment; vacancies.--Members shall be 
     appointed for the life of the Commission. Any vacancy in the 
     Commission shall not affect its powers, but shall be filled 
     in the same manner as the original appointment.
       ``(4) Initial meeting.--Not later than 30 days after the 
     date on which all members of the Commission have been 
     appointed, the Commission shall hold the Commission's first 
     meeting.
       ``(5) Meetings.--The Commission shall meet at the call of 
     the Chairperson. Meetings shall be publicly announced in 
     advance and open to the public.
       ``(6) Quorum.--A majority of the members of the Commission 
     shall constitute a quorum, but a lesser number of members may 
     hold hearings.
       ``(7) Chairperson and vice chairperson.--The Commission 
     shall select a chairperson and vice chairperson from among 
     the members of the Commission.
       ``(b) Duties of the Commission.--
       ``(1) Study.--
       ``(A) In general.--The Commission shall conduct a thorough 
     study to assess the barriers, systemic issues, and technical 
     solutions available which may affect or improve the timely 
     delivery and quality of accessible instructional materials 
     for postsecondary students, faculty, and staff with print 
     disabilities, and make recommendations related to the 
     development of a comprehensive approach that will ensure that 
     postsecondary students with print disabilities can access 
     instructional materials in specialized formats in a timeframe 
     comparable to the availability of standard instructional 
     materials for students without disabilities.
       ``(B) Existing information.--To the extent practicable, in 
     carrying out the study under this paragraph, the Commission 
     shall identify and use existing research, recommendations, 
     and information from--
       ``(i) the Model Demonstration Programs to Support Improved 
     Access to Postsecondary Instructional Materials for Students 
     with Print Disabilities, as described in section 766B;
       ``(ii) the Advisory Council and the Technical Assistance 
     and Development Centers of the National Instructional 
     Materials Access Center;
       ``(iii) the Library of Congress National Digital 
     Information and Infrastructure Preservation Program Copyright 
     Working Group;
       ``(iv) the Association of Higher Education and Disabilities 
     E-Text Solutions Working Group;
       ``(v) the Recording for the Blind and Dyslexic's Technology 
     Advisory Committee;
       ``(vi) the Association of American Publishers Higher 
     Education Division's Critical Issues Task Force; and
       ``(vii) other existing research related to the creation and 
     distribution of accessible instructional materials for 
     students with print disabilities.
       ``(C) Recommendations.--The Commission shall develop 
     recommendations to be used to inform Federal regulation and 
     legislation, to identify best practices for systems of 
     creating, collecting, maintaining, processing, and 
     disseminating materials in specialized formats to eligible 
     students, faculty, and staff while providing adequate 
     copyright protections. In developing such recommendations, 
     the Commission shall consider--
       ``(i) how to ensure that students with print disabilities 
     may obtain instructional materials in accessible formats 
     within a timeframe comparable to the availability of 
     materials for students without disabilities;

[[Page H711]]

       ``(ii) the feasibility and technical parameters of 
     establishing national standardized electronic file formats 
     such as, but not limited to, the National Instructional 
     Materials Accessibility Standard as defined in section 
     674(e)(3)(B) of the Individuals with Disabilities Education 
     Act, to be provided by publishers of instructional materials 
     to producers of specialized formats, institutions of higher 
     education, and eligible students;
       ``(iii) the feasibility of the establishment of a national 
     clearinghouse, repository, or file-sharing network for 
     electronic files in specialized formats and files used in 
     producing instructional materials in specialized formats, and 
     a list of possible entities qualified to administer such a 
     clearinghouse, repository, or network;
       ``(iv) the feasibility of including such a national 
     clearinghouse, repository, or file-sharing network in the 
     duties of the Center described in section 766;
       ``(v) market-based solutions involving collaborations 
     between publishers of instructional materials, producers of 
     specialized formats, and institutions of higher education, 
     including--

       ``(I) barriers and opportunities to market entry;
       ``(II) unique concerns affecting university presses, small 
     publishers, and solutions incorporating such works into a 
     shared system; and
       ``(III) solutions utilizing universal design;

       ``(vi) solutions for low-incidence, high-cost requests for 
     materials in specialized formats; and
       ``(vii) definitions of instructional materials, authorized 
     entities, and eligible students.
       ``(2) Report.--Not later than 24 months after the first 
     meeting, the Commission shall submit a report to the 
     Secretary and to Congress that shall contain a detailed 
     statement of the findings and conclusions of the Commission 
     resulting from the study under subsection (a), together with 
     the Commission's recommendations for such legislation and 
     administrative actions as the Commission considers to be 
     appropriate to implement the development of a comprehensive 
     approach that will ensure that postsecondary students with 
     print disabilities can access instructional materials in 
     specialized formats in a timeframe comparable to the 
     availability of standard instructional materials for students 
     without disabilities.
       ``(3) Facilitation of exchange of information.--In carrying 
     out the study under subsection (a), the Commission shall, to 
     the extent practicable, facilitate the exchange of 
     information concerning the issues that are the subject of the 
     study among--
       ``(A) officials of the Federal Government;
       ``(B) educators from Federal, State, and local institutions 
     of higher education and secondary schools;
       ``(C) publishers of instructional materials;
       ``(D) producers of materials in specialized formats;
       ``(E) representatives from the community of individuals 
     with print disabilities; and
       ``(F) participants in the Model Demonstration Programs to 
     Support Improved Access to Postsecondary Instructional 
     Materials for Students with Print Disabilities, as described 
     in section 766B.
       ``(c) Commission Personnel Matters.--
       ``(1) Compensation of members.--Each member of the 
     Commission who is not an officer or employee of the Federal 
     Government shall serve without compensation. All members of 
     the Commission who are officers or employees of the United 
     States shall serve without compensation in addition to that 
     received for their services as officers or employees of the 
     United States.
       ``(2) Travel expenses.--The members of the Commission shall 
     be allowed travel expenses, including per diem in lieu of 
     subsistence, at rates authorized for employees of agencies 
     under subchapter I of chapter 57 of title 5, United States 
     Code, while away from their homes or regular places of 
     business in the performance of services for the Commission.
       ``(3) Staff.--
       ``(A) In general.--The Chairperson of the Commission may, 
     without regard to the civil service laws and regulations, 
     appoint and terminate an executive director and such other 
     additional personnel as may be necessary to enable the 
     Commission to perform the Commission's duties. The employment 
     of an executive director shall be subject to confirmation by 
     the Commission.
       ``(B) Compensation.--The Chairperson of the Commission may 
     fix the compensation of the executive director and other 
     personnel without regard to the provisions of chapter 51 and 
     subchapter III of chapter 53 of title 5, United States Code, 
     relating to classification of positions and General Schedule 
     pay rates, except that the rate of pay for the executive 
     director and other personnel may not exceed the rate payable 
     for level V of the Executive Schedule under section 5316 of 
     such title.
       ``(4) Detail of government employees.--Any Federal 
     Government employee may be detailed to the Commission without 
     reimbursement, and such detail shall be without interruption 
     or loss of civil service status or privilege.
       ``(5) Procurement of temporary and intermittent services.--
     The Chairperson of the Commission may procure temporary and 
     intermittent services under section 3109(b) of title 5, 
     United States Code, at rates for individuals that do not 
     exceed the daily equivalent of the annual rate of basic pay 
     prescribed for level V of the Executive Schedule under 
     section 5316 of such title.
       ``(d) Termination of the Commission.--The Commission shall 
     terminate on the date that is 90 days after the date on which 
     the Commission submits the Commission's report under 
     subsection (b)(2).

     ``SEC. 766B. MODEL DEMONSTRATION PROGRAMS TO SUPPORT IMPROVED 
                   ACCESS TO POSTSECONDARY INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIALS 
                   FOR STUDENTS WITH PRINT DISABILITIES.

       ``(a) Purpose.--It is the purpose of this section to 
     support model demonstration programs to encourage the 
     development of systems to improve the timely delivery and 
     quality of postsecondary instructional materials in 
     specialized formats to students with print disabilities, 
     including systems to improve efficiency and reduce 
     duplicative efforts across multiple institutions of higher 
     education.
       ``(b) In General.--The Secretary shall, on a competitive 
     basis, award grants to, and enter into cooperative agreements 
     with, a minimum of one partnership of two or more eligible 
     entities to support the activities described in subsections 
     (d) and (e).
       ``(c) Partnership of Eligible Entities.--In this section, a 
     partnership of two or more eligible entities--
       ``(1) shall include--
       ``(A) an institution of higher education with demonstrated 
     expertise in meeting the needs of students with print 
     disabilities, including retention and completion of such 
     students; and
       ``(B) a public or private entity with demonstrated 
     expertise in working with the creation of accessible 
     instructional materials in specialized formats for 
     postsecondary students with print disabilities, and the 
     technical development expertise necessary for the efficient 
     dissemination of such materials, including procedures to 
     protect against copyright infringement with respect to the 
     creation, use, and distribution of print course materials in 
     specialized formats; and
       ``(2) may include one or more publishers of instructional 
     materials.
       ``(d) Required Activities.--The Secretary shall support the 
     development and implementation of the following:
       ``(1) Processes and systems to help identify, and verify 
     eligibility of, postsecondary students with print 
     disabilities in need of instructional materials in 
     specialized formats.
       ``(2) Procedures and systems to facilitate and simplify 
     request methods for accessible instructional materials in 
     specialized formats from eligible students, which may include 
     a single point-of-entry system.
       ``(3) Procedures and systems to coordinate between 
     institutions of higher education, publishers of instructional 
     materials, and entities that produce materials in specialized 
     formats, to efficiently facilitate requests for such 
     materials, the responses to such requests, and the delivery 
     of such materials.
       ``(4) Delivery systems that will ensure the timely 
     provision of instructional materials in specialized formats 
     to eligible students, which may include electronic file 
     distribution.
       ``(5) Systems to encourage reduction of duplicative 
     conversions of the same instructional materials for multiple 
     eligible students at multiple institutions of higher 
     education when such conversions may be shared.
       ``(6) Procedures to protect against copyright infringement 
     with respect to the creation, use, and distribution of 
     instructional materials while maintaining accessibility for 
     students with print disabilities, which may include digital 
     technologies such as watermarking, fingerprinting, and other 
     emerging strategies.
       ``(7) Awareness, outreach, and training activities for 
     faculty, staff, and students related to the acquisition and 
     dissemination of instructional materials in specialized 
     formats and instructional materials utilizing universal 
     design.
       ``(8) Evaluation of the effectiveness of the programs under 
     this section.
       ``(9) Guidance on how successful procedures and systems 
     described in paragraphs (1) through (7) could be disseminated 
     and implemented on a national basis.
       ``(e) Authorized Activities.--The Secretary may support the 
     development and implementation of the following:
       ``(1) Approaches limited to instructional materials used in 
     smaller categories of postsecondary courses, such as 
     introductory, first-, and second-year courses.
       ``(2) Market-based approaches for making instructional 
     materials in specialized formats directly available to 
     eligible students at prices comparable to standard 
     instructional materials.
       ``(3) Approaches supporting a unified search across 
     multiple databases or lists of available materials.
       ``(f) Application.--A partnership of eligible entities that 
     wishes to apply for a grant under this section shall submit 
     an application for such grant at such time, in such manner 
     and in such format as the Secretary may prescribe. The 
     application shall include information on how the partnership 
     will implement activities under subsection (d) and, as 
     applicable, subsection (e).
       ``(g) Priority.--In awarding grants under this section, the 
     Secretary shall give priority consideration to any 
     applications that include development and implementation of 
     the procedures and systems described in subsection (e)(2) or 
     (e)(3).
       ``(h) Report to Congress.--The Secretary shall submit 
     annually to the authorizing committees a report that 
     includes--
       ``(1) the number of grants and the amount of funds 
     distributed under this section;
       ``(2) a summary of the purposes for which the grants were 
     provided and an evaluation of the progress made under such 
     grants;
       ``(3) a summary of the activities implemented under 
     subsection (d) and, as applicable, subsection (e), including 
     data on the number of students served and the number of 
     instructional material requests executed and delivered in 
     specialized formats; and
       ``(4) an evaluation of the effectiveness of programs funded 
     under this section.
       ``(i) Model Expansion.--After 3 years, the Secretary shall 
     review the results of the evaluations of participating 
     partnerships, as well as the Commission report described in 
     section 766A. If the Secretary finds that models used under

[[Page H712]]

     this section are effective in improving the timely delivery 
     and quality of materials in specialized formats and provide 
     adequate protections against copyright infringement, the 
     Secretary may expand the demonstration program to additional 
     grantees reflecting regional and programmatic partnerships.
       ``(j) Model Expansion Special Rule.--The Commission's 
     recommendations shall be submitted to the Secretary and a 
     public comment period shall be issued prior to any expansion 
     under subsection (i). No later than 90 days after close of 
     public comment period, the Secretary shall issue guidance to 
     new and existing grantees, taking into consideration the 
     final Commission recommendations and public comments.
       ``(k) Rule of Construction.--Nothing in this subpart shall 
     be construed to limit or preempt any State law requiring the 
     production or distribution of postsecondary instructional 
     materials in accessible formats to students with 
     disabilities.

     ``SEC. 766C. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

       ``There are authorized to be appropriated to carry out this 
     subpart such sums as may be necessary for fiscal year 2009 
     and each of the 4 succeeding fiscal years.

    ``Subpart 3--Transition Programs for Students With Intellectual 
        Disabilities Into Higher Education; Coordinating Center

     ``SEC. 767. PURPOSE.

       ``The purpose of this subpart is to support model 
     demonstration programs that promote the successful transition 
     of students with intellectual disabilities into higher 
     education.

     ``SEC. 768. DEFINITIONS.

       ``In this subpart:
       ``(1) Comprehensive transition and postsecondary program 
     for students with intellectual disabilities.--The term 
     `comprehensive transition and postsecondary program for 
     students with intellectual disabilities' means a degree, 
     certificate, or nondegree program that is--
       ``(A) offered by an institution of higher education; and
       ``(B) is described in section 484(s)(3).
       ``(2) Student with an intellectual disability.--The term 
     `student with an intellectual disability' means a student who 
     meets the criteria described in paragraphs (1) through (4) of 
     section 484(s).

     ``SEC. 769. MODEL COMPREHENSIVE TRANSITION AND POSTSECONDARY 
                   PROGRAMS FOR STUDENTS WITH INTELLECTUAL 
                   DISABILITIES.

       ``(a) Grants Authorized.--
       ``(1) In general.--The Secretary shall annually award 
     grants, on a competitive basis, to institutions of higher 
     education (or consortia of institutions of higher education), 
     to create or expand high-quality, inclusive model 
     comprehensive transition and postsecondary programs for 
     students with intellectual disabilities.
       ``(2) Duration of grants.--A grant under this section shall 
     be awarded for a period of 5 years.
       ``(b) Application.--An institution of higher education (or 
     a consortium) desiring a grant under this section shall 
     submit an application to the Secretary at such time, in such 
     manner, and containing such information as the Secretary may 
     require.
       ``(c) Preference.--In awarding grants under this section, 
     the Secretary shall give preference to institutions of higher 
     education (or consortia) that--
       ``(1) will carry out a model program under the grant in a 
     State that does not already have a comprehensive transition 
     and postsecondary program for students with intellectual 
     disabilities; or
       ``(2) in the application submitted under subsection (b), 
     agree to incorporate 1 or more of the following elements into 
     the model programs carried out under the grant:
       ``(A) The formation of a partnership with any relevant 
     agency serving students with intellectual disabilities, such 
     as a vocational rehabilitation agency.
       ``(B) In the case of an institution of higher education 
     that provides institutionally owned or operated housing for 
     students attending the institution, the integration of 
     students with intellectual disabilities into such housing.
       ``(C) The involvement of students attending the institution 
     of higher education who are studying special education, 
     general education, vocational rehabilitation, assistive 
     technology, or related fields in the model program carried 
     out under the grant.
       ``(d) Use of Funds.--An institution of higher education (or 
     consortium) receiving a grant under this section shall use 
     the grant funds to establish a model comprehensive transition 
     and postsecondary program for students with intellectual 
     disabilities that--
       ``(1) serves students with intellectual disabilities;
       ``(2) provides individual supports and services for the 
     academic and social inclusion of students with intellectual 
     disabilities in academic courses, extracurricular activities, 
     and other aspects of the institution of higher education's 
     regular postsecondary program;
       ``(3) with respect to the students with intellectual 
     disabilities participating in the model program, provides a 
     focus on--
       ``(A) academic enrichment;
       ``(B) socialization;
       ``(C) independent living, including self-advocacy skills; 
     and
       ``(D) integrated work experiences and career skills that 
     lead to gainful employment;
       ``(4) integrates person-centered planning in the 
     development of the course of study for each student with an 
     intellectual disability participating in the model program;
       ``(5) participates with the coordinating center established 
     under section 770 in the evaluation of the model program;
       ``(6) partners with 1 or more local educational agencies to 
     support the participation of students with intellectual 
     disabilities in the model program who are still eligible for 
     special education and related services under the Individuals 
     with Disabilities Education Act, including regarding the 
     utilization of funds available under part B of such Act for 
     such students;
       ``(7) plans for the sustainability of the model program 
     after the end of the grant period; and
       ``(8) creates and offers a meaningful credential for 
     students with intellectual disabilities upon the completion 
     of the model program.
       ``(e) Matching Requirement.--An institution of higher 
     education that receives a grant under this section shall 
     provide matching funds toward the cost of the model 
     comprehensive transition and postsecondary program for 
     students with intellectual disabilities carried out under the 
     grant, which may be provided in cash or in kind, in an amount 
     not less than 25 percent of the amount of such grant funds.
       ``(f) Report.--Not later than 3 years after the date of 
     enactment of the College Opportunity and Affordability Act of 
     2007, the Secretary shall prepare and disseminate a report to 
     the authorizing committees and to the public that reviews the 
     activities of the model comprehensive transition and 
     postsecondary programs for students with intellectual 
     disabilities authorized under this subpart and provides 
     guidance and recommendations on how successful programs can 
     be replicated.

     ``SEC. 770. COORDINATING CENTER FOR TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE, 
                   EVALUATION, AND DEVELOPMENT OF ACCREDITATION 
                   STANDARDS.

       ``(a) In General.--
       ``(1) Award.--The Secretary shall, on a competitive basis, 
     enter into a cooperative agreement with an eligible entity, 
     for the purpose of establishing a coordinating center for 
     technical assistance, evaluation, and development of 
     accreditation standards for institutions of higher education 
     that offer inclusive model comprehensive transition and 
     postsecondary programs for students with intellectual 
     disabilities.
       ``(2) Duration.--The cooperative agreement under this 
     section shall be for a period of 5 years.
       ``(b) Requirements of Cooperative Agreement.--The eligible 
     entity entering into a cooperative agreement under this 
     section shall establish and maintain a center that shall--
       ``(1) serve as the technical assistance entity for all 
     model comprehensive transition and postsecondary programs for 
     students with intellectual disabilities assisted under 
     section 769;
       ``(2) provide technical assistance regarding the 
     development, evaluation, and continuous improvement of such 
     programs;
       ``(3) develop an evaluation protocol for such programs that 
     includes qualitative and quantitative methodology measuring 
     student outcomes and program strengths in the areas of 
     academic enrichment, socialization, independent living, and 
     competitive or supported employment;
       ``(4) assist recipients of grants under section 769 in 
     efforts to award a meaningful credential to students with 
     intellectual disabilities upon the completion of such 
     programs, which credential takes into consideration unique 
     State factors;
       ``(5) develop model criteria, standards, and procedures to 
     be used in accrediting such programs that--
       ``(A) include, in the development of the model criteria, 
     standards, and procedures for such programs, the 
     participation of--
       ``(i) an expert in higher education;
       ``(ii) an expert in special education;
       ``(iii) a disability organization that represents students 
     with intellectual disabilities; and
       ``(iv) a national, State, or regional accrediting agency or 
     association recognized by the Secretary under subpart 2 of 
     part H of title IV; and
       ``(B) define the necessary components of such programs, 
     such as--
       ``(i) academic, vocational, social, and independent living 
     skills;
       ``(ii) evaluation of student progress;
       ``(iii) program administration and evaluation;
       ``(iv) student eligibility; and
       ``(v) issues regarding the equivalency of a student's 
     participation in such programs to semester, trimester, 
     quarter, credit, or clock hours at an institution of higher 
     education, as the case may be;
       ``(6) analyze possible funding streams for such programs 
     and provide recommendations regarding funding streams;
       ``(7) develop model memoranda of agreement between 
     institutions of higher education and agencies providing 
     funding for such programs;
       ``(8) develop mechanisms for regular communication between 
     the recipients of grants under section 769 regarding such 
     programs; and
       ``(9) host a meeting of all recipients of grants under 
     section 769 not less often than once each year.
       ``(c) Definition of Eligible Entity.--In this section, the 
     term `eligible entity' means an entity, or a partnership of 
     entities, that has demonstrated expertise in the fields of 
     higher education, students with intellectual disabilities, 
     the development of comprehensive transition and postsecondary 
     programs for students with intellectual disabilities, 
     evaluation, and technical assistance.

     ``SEC. 770A. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

       ``There are authorized to be appropriated such sums as may 
     be necessary to carry out this subpart for fiscal year 2009 
     and each of the 4 succeeding fiscal years.''.
       (f) Conforming Amendments.--Part D of title VII (20 U.S.C. 
     1140 et seq.) is further amended--
       (1) in section 761, by striking ``part'' and inserting 
     ``subpart'';
       (2) in section 762 (as amended by subsection (a)), by 
     striking ``part'' each place the term appears and inserting 
     ``subpart'';

[[Page H713]]

       (3) in section 763, in the matter preceding paragraph (1), 
     by striking ``part'' and inserting ``subpart'';
       (4) in section 764, by striking ``part'' and inserting 
     ``subpart''; and
       (5) in section 765, by striking ``part'' and inserting 
     ``subpart''.

     SEC. 708. SUBGRANTS TO NONPROFIT ORGANIZATIONS.

       Section 771(e) (20 U.S.C. 1141(e)), as added by section 802 
     of the College Cost Reduction and Access Act of 2007, is 
     amended by inserting after ``of this Act)'' the following: 
     ``, or those who have agreements with the Secretary under 
     section 435(d)(5)(J)''.

     SEC. 709. NURSING EDUCATION.

       Title VII (20 U.S.C. 1133 et seq.) is further amended by 
     adding at the end the following new part:

                      ``PART F--NURSING EDUCATION

     ``SEC. 776. ADDITIONAL CAPACITY FOR R.N. STUDENTS OR 
                   GRADUATE-LEVEL NURSING STUDENTS.

       ``(a) Authorization.--The Secretary shall award grants to 
     institutions of higher education that offer--
       ``(1) a R.N. nursing program at the baccalaureate or 
     associate degree level to enable such program to expand the 
     faculty and facilities of such program to accommodate 
     additional R.N. nursing program students; or
       ``(2) a graduate-level nursing program to accommodate 
     advanced practice degrees for Registered Nurses or to 
     accommodate students enrolled in a graduate-level nursing 
     program to provide teachers of nursing students.
       ``(b) Determination of Number of Students and 
     Application.--Each institution of higher education that 
     offers a program described in subsection (a) that desires to 
     receive a grant under this section shall--
       ``(1) determine for the 4 academic years preceding the 
     academic year for which the determination is made the average 
     number of matriculated nursing program students at such 
     institution for such academic years; and
       ``(2) submit an application to the Secretary at such time, 
     in such manner, and accompanied by such information as the 
     Secretary may require, including the average number 
     determined under paragraph (1).
       ``(c) Grant Amount; Award Basis.--
       ``(1) Grant amount.--For each academic year after academic 
     year 2008-2009, the Secretary is authorized to provide to 
     each institution of higher education awarded a grant under 
     this section an amount that is equal to $3,000 multiplied by 
     the number of matriculated nursing program students at such 
     institution for such academic year that is more than the 
     average number determined with respect to such institution 
     under subsection (b)(1). Such amount shall be used for the 
     purposes described in subsection (a).
       ``(2) Distribution of grants among different degree 
     programs.--
       ``(A) In general.--Subject to subparagraph (B), from the 
     funds available to award grants under this section for each 
     fiscal year, the Secretary shall--
       ``(i) use 20 percent of such funds to award grants under 
     this section to institutions of higher education for the 
     purpose of accommodating advanced practice degrees or 
     students in graduate-level nursing programs;
       ``(ii) use 40 percent of such funds to award grants under 
     this section to institutions of higher education for the 
     purpose of expanding R.N. nursing programs at the 
     baccalaureate degree level; and
       ``(iii) use 40 percent of such funds to award grants under 
     this section to institutions of higher education for the 
     purpose of expanding R.N. nursing programs at the associate 
     degree level.
       ``(B) Distribution of excess funds.--If, for a fiscal year, 
     funds described in clause (i), (ii), or (iii) of subparagraph 
     (A) remain available after the Secretary awards grants under 
     this section to all applicants for the particular category of 
     nursing programs described in such clause, the Secretary 
     shall use equal amounts of the remaining funds to award 
     grants under this section to applicants for the remaining 
     categories of nursing programs.
       ``(C) Equitable distribution.--In awarding grants under 
     this section, the Secretary shall, to the extent practicable, 
     ensure--
       ``(i) an equitable geographic distribution of the grants 
     among the States; and
       ``(ii) an equitable distribution of the grants among 
     different types of institutions of higher education.
       ``(d) Prohibition.--
       ``(1) Use of funds.--Funds provided under this section may 
     not be used for the construction of new facilities.
       ``(2) Rule of construction.--Nothing in paragraph (1) shall 
     be construed to prohibit funds provided under this section 
     from being used for the repair or renovation of facilities.

     ``SEC. 777. NURSE FACULTY PILOT PROJECT.

       ``(a) Purposes.--The purposes of this section are to create 
     a pilot program--
       ``(1) to provide scholarships to qualified nurses in 
     pursuit of an advanced degree with the goal of becoming 
     faculty members in an accredited nursing program; and
       ``(2) to provide grants to partnerships between accredited 
     schools of nursing and hospitals or health facilities to fund 
     release time for qualified nurse employees, so that those 
     employees can earn a salary while obtaining an advanced 
     degree in nursing with the goal of becoming nurse faculty.
       ``(b) Assistance Authorized.--
       ``(1) Competitive grants authorized.--The Secretary may, on 
     a competitive basis, award grants to, and enter into 
     contracts and cooperative agreements with, partnerships 
     composed of an accredited school of nursing at an institution 
     of higher education and a hospital or health facility to 
     establish not more than 5 pilot projects to enable such 
     hospital or health facility to retain its staff of 
     experienced nurses while providing a mechanism to have such 
     nurses become, through an accelerated nursing education 
     program, faculty members of an accredited school of nursing.
       ``(2) Duration; evaluation and dissemination.--
       ``(A) Duration.--Grants under this section shall be awarded 
     for a period of 3 to 5 years.
       ``(B) Mandatory evaluation and dissemination.--Grants under 
     this section shall be primarily used for evaluation, and 
     dissemination to other institutions of higher education, of 
     the information obtained through the activities described in 
     subsection (a)(2).
       ``(3) Considerations in making awards.--In awarding grants 
     and entering into contracts and cooperative agreements under 
     this section, the Secretary shall consider the following:
       ``(A) Geographic distribution.--Providing an equitable 
     geographic distribution of such grants.
       ``(B) Rural and urban areas.--Distributing such grants to 
     urban and rural areas.
       ``(C) Range and type of institution.--Ensuring that the 
     activities to be assisted are developed for a range of types 
     and sizes of institutions of higher education.
       ``(D) Prior experience or exceptional programs.--The extent 
     to which institutions of higher education have demonstrated 
     prior experience in providing advanced nursing education 
     programs to prepare nurses interested in pursuing a faculty 
     role.
       ``(4) Uses of funds.--Funds made available by grant, 
     contract, or cooperative agreement under this section may be 
     used--
       ``(A) to develop a new national demonstration initiative to 
     align nursing education with the emerging challenges of 
     healthcare delivery; and
       ``(B) for any one or more of the following innovations in 
     educational programs:
       ``(i) To develop a clinical simulation laboratory in a 
     hospital, health facility, or accredited school of nursing.
       ``(ii) To purchase distance learning technologies.
       ``(iii) To fund release time for qualified nurses enrolled 
     in the graduate nursing program.
       ``(iv) To provide for faculty salaries.
       ``(v) To collect and analyze data on educational outcomes.
       ``(c) Applications.--Each partnership desiring to receive a 
     grant, contract, or cooperative agreement under this section 
     shall submit an application to the Secretary at such time, in 
     such manner, and accompanied by such information as the 
     Secretary may require. Each application shall include 
     assurances that--
       ``(1) the individuals enrolled in the program will be 
     qualified nurses in pursuit of a master's or doctoral degree 
     in nursing and have a contractual obligation with the 
     hospital or health facility that is in partnership with the 
     institution of higher education;
       ``(2) the hospital or health facility of employment will be 
     the clinical site for the accredited school of nursing 
     program;
       ``(3) individuals enrolled in the program will maintain 
     their employment on a part-time basis with the hospital or 
     health facility that allowed them to participate in the 
     program, and will receive an income from the hospital or 
     health facility, as a part-time employee, and release times 
     or flexible schedules to accommodate their class schedule; 
     and
       ``(4) upon completion of the program, such individuals will 
     be required to teach for 2 years in an accredited school of 
     nursing for each year of support the individual received 
     under this program.
       ``(d) Definition.--For purposes of this section, the term 
     `health facility' means an Indian Health Service center, a 
     Native Hawaiian health center, a hospital, a federally 
     qualified health center, a rural health clinic, a nursing 
     home, a home health agency, a hospice program, a public 
     health clinic, a State or local department of public health, 
     a skilled nursing facility, or an ambulatory surgical center.
       ``(e) Authorization of Appropriations.--There are 
     authorized to be appropriated to carry out this section not 
     more than $10,000,000 for fiscal year 2009 and such sums as 
     may be necessary for each of the 4 succeeding fiscal 
     years.''.

     SEC. 710. NATIONAL STUDY ON HIGHER EDUCATION ACCESS AND 
                   SUCCESS FOR STUDENTS WITH DISABILITIES.

       (a) Study.--The Comptroller General shall conduct a study 
     of the barriers to, and opportunities for, the full 
     participation of students with disabilities in institutions 
     of higher education. The study shall address--
       (1) the extent to which, and manner in which, students with 
     disabilities are--
       (A) prepared to participate in postsecondary education upon 
     enrollment;
       (B) applying to different types of institutions of higher 
     education;
       (C) accepted into different types of institutions of higher 
     education;
       (D) enrolling in and attending different types of 
     institutions of higher education;
       (E) utilizing financial aid programs; and
       (F) completing programs of study at different types of 
     institutions of higher education;
       (2) factors that influence the accessibility of higher 
     education for a broad spectrum of students with different 
     disabilities, including--
       (A) physical access;
       (B) communication and outreach in accessible formats, 
     including websites, admissions information, financial aid 
     information, and other general information;
       (C) availability of accessible instructional materials in a 
     timely manner;
       (D) financial factors; and
       (E) eligibility for, and ability to access, adequate 
     support services;

[[Page H714]]

       (3) the effectiveness and capacity of disability support 
     services in helping to recruit, retain, and support students 
     with disabilities to complete their programs of study, and 
     the role of disability support services relative to other 
     departments in institutions of higher education, including--
       (A) the number of staff working in disability support 
     services offices;
       (B) the budgets of disability support services offices; and
       (C) the placement of the disability support services 
     offices within the administrative structure of the 
     institutions of higher education;
       (4) the extent to which institutions of higher education 
     provide assistance to students with disabilities to 
     coordinate with, and receive services from, other support 
     programs that may be available to such students, including 
     services provided by local educational agencies, vocational 
     rehabilitation agencies, Social Security, Medicaid, and other 
     Federal, State, and local programs; and
       (5) in institutions of higher education that have been 
     effective in recruiting and graduating students with 
     disabilities, the factors that may contribute to such 
     effectiveness, including--
       (A) faculty and staff preparation related to working with 
     students with disabilities;
       (B) program characteristics;
       (C) accommodations and supports available; and
       (D) any other relevant factors.
       (b) Report.--The Comptroller General shall submit a report 
     regarding the results of the study under subsection (a) to 
     the authorizing committees (as defined in section 103 of the 
     Higher Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 1003)) no later than 
     24 months after the date of the enactment of this Act.

                    TITLE VIII--ADDITIONAL PROGRAMS

     SEC. 801. ADDITIONAL PROGRAMS.

       The Higher Education Act of 1965 is further amended by 
     adding at the end the following new title:

                   ``TITLE VIII--ADDITIONAL PROGRAMS

     ``SEC. 800. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

       ``There are authorized to be appropriated to carry out this 
     title such sums as may be necessary for fiscal year 2009 and 
     each of the 4 succeeding fiscal years.

                         ``PART A--LOW TUITION

     ``SEC. 801. INCENTIVES AND REWARDS FOR LOW TUITION.

       ``(a) Rewards for Low Tuition.--
       ``(1) Competitive grants.--From funds made available under 
     section 800, the Secretary shall award grants on a 
     competitive basis to institutions of higher education that, 
     for academic year 2008-2009 or any succeeding academic year, 
     have an annual net tuition increase (expressed as a 
     percentage) for the most recent academic year for which 
     satisfactory data is available that is equal to or less than 
     the percentage change in the higher education price index for 
     such academic year.
       ``(2) Use of funds.--Funds awarded to an institution of 
     higher education under paragraph (1) shall be distributed by 
     the institution in the form of need-based grant aid to 
     students who are eligible for Federal Pell Grants, except 
     that no student shall receive an amount under this section 
     that would cause the amount of total financial aid received 
     by such student to exceed the cost of attendance of the 
     institution.
       ``(b) Rewards for Guaranteed Tuition.--
       ``(1) Bonus.--For each institution of higher education that 
     the Secretary determines complies with the requirements of 
     paragraph (2) or (3) of this subsection, the Secretary shall 
     provide to such institution a bonus amount. Such institution 
     shall award the bonus amount in the form of need-based aid 
     first to students who are eligible for Federal Pell Grants 
     who were in attendance at the institution during the award 
     year that such institution satisfied the eligibility criteria 
     for maintaining low tuition and fees, then to students who 
     are eligible for Federal Pell Grants who were not in 
     attendance at the institution during such award year.
       ``(2) 4-year institutions.--An institution of higher 
     education that provides a program of instruction for which it 
     awards a bachelor's degree complies with the requirements of 
     this paragraph if such institution guarantees that for any 
     academic year (or the equivalent) beginning on or after July 
     1, 2008, and for each of the 4 succeeding continuous academic 
     years, the net tuition charged to an undergraduate student 
     will not exceed--
       ``(A) the amount that the student was charged for an 
     academic year at the time he or she first enrolled in the 
     institution of higher education, plus
       ``(B) the product of the percentage increase in the higher 
     education price index for the prior academic year, or the 
     most recent prior academic year for which data is available, 
     multiplied by the amount determined under subparagraph (A).
       ``(3) Less-than 4-year institutions.--An institution of 
     higher education that does not provide a program of 
     instruction for which it awards a bachelor's degree complies 
     with the requirements of this paragraph if such institution 
     guarantees that for any academic year (or the equivalent) 
     beginning on or after July 1, 2008, and for each of the 1.5 
     succeeding continuous academic years, the net tuition charged 
     to an undergraduate student will not exceed--
       ``(A) the amount that the student was charged for an 
     academic year at the time he or she first enrolled in the 
     institution of higher education, plus
       ``(B) the product of the percentage increase in the higher 
     education price index for the prior academic year, or the 
     most recent prior academic year for which data is available, 
     multiplied by the amount determined under subparagraph (A).
       ``(c) Maintaining Affordable Tuition.--
       ``(1) Institution reports.--If an institution of higher 
     education has an increase in annual net tuition (expressed as 
     a percentage), for the most recent academic year for which 
     satisfactory data is available, that is greater than the 
     percentage increase in the higher education price index for 
     such academic year, the institution or a representative 
     association is required to submit to the Secretary the 
     following information, within 6 months of such determination:
       ``(A) A report on the factors contributing to the increase 
     in the institution's costs and the increase in net tuition 
     and fees charged to students, including identification of the 
     major areas in the institution's budget with the greatest 
     cost increases.
       ``(B) The institution's 3 most recent Form 990s submitted 
     to the Internal Revenue Service, as required under section 
     6033 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986.
       ``(C) A description of the major areas of expenditures in 
     the institution's budget with the greatest increase for such 
     academic year.
       ``(D) A description of actions being taken by the 
     institution to reduce net tuition.
       ``(2) Report to congress.--The Secretary shall compile the 
     information submitted under this subsection and shall provide 
     to the authorizing committees an annual report relating to 
     such information.
       ``(d) Definitions.--In this section:
       ``(1) Net tuition.--The term `net tuition' means the 
     average tuition and fees charged to a full-time undergraduate 
     student by an institution of higher education for an academic 
     year, minus the average grant amount received by such a 
     student for such academic year.
       ``(2) Higher education price index.--The term `higher 
     education price index' means the higher education price index 
     developed pursuant to section 133(b).

                    ``PART B--COOPERATIVE EDUCATION

     ``SEC. 811. STATEMENT OF PURPOSE; DEFINITION.

       ``(a) Purpose.--It is the purpose of this part to award 
     grants to institutions of higher education or combinations of 
     such institutions to encourage such institutions to develop 
     and make available to as many of their students as possible 
     work experience that will aid such students in future careers 
     and will enable such students to support themselves 
     financially while in school.
       ``(b) Definition.--In this part the term `cooperative 
     education' means the provision of alternating or parallel 
     periods of academic study and public or private employment to 
     give students work experiences related to their academic or 
     occupational objectives and an opportunity to earn the funds 
     necessary for continuing and completing their education.

     ``SEC. 812. RESERVATIONS.

       ``(a) Reservations.--Of the amount appropriated to carry 
     out this part under section 800 in each fiscal year--
       ``(1) not less than 50 percent shall be available for 
     awarding grants to institutions of higher education and 
     combinations of such institutions described in section 
     813(a)(1)(A) for cooperative education under section 813;
       ``(2) not less than 25 percent shall be available for 
     awarding grants to institutions of higher education described 
     in section 813(a)(1)(B) for cooperative education under 
     section 813;
       ``(3) not to exceed 11 percent shall be available for 
     demonstration projects under paragraph (1) of section 814(a);
       ``(4) not to exceed 11 percent shall be available for 
     training and resource centers under paragraph (2) of section 
     814(a); and
       ``(5) not to exceed 3 percent shall be available for 
     research under paragraph (3) of section 814(a).
       ``(b) Availability of Appropriations.--Appropriations under 
     this part shall not be available for the payment of 
     compensation of students for employment by employers under 
     arrangements pursuant to this part.

     ``SEC. 813. GRANTS FOR COOPERATIVE EDUCATION.

       ``(a) Grants Authorized.--
       ``(1) In general.--The Secretary is authorized, from the 
     amount available to carry out this part under section 800 in 
     each fiscal year and in accordance with the provisions of 
     this part--
       ``(A) to award grants to institutions of higher education 
     or combinations of such institutions that have not received a 
     grant under this paragraph in the 10-year period preceding 
     the date for which a grant under this section is requested to 
     pay the Federal share of the cost of planning, establishing, 
     expanding, or carrying out programs of cooperative education 
     by such institutions or combinations of institutions; and
       ``(B) to award grants to institutions of higher education 
     that are operating an existing cooperative education program 
     as determined by the Secretary to pay the cost of planning, 
     establishing, expanding, or carrying out programs of 
     cooperative education by such institutions.
       ``(2) Program requirement.--Cooperative education programs 
     assisted under this section shall provide alternating or 
     parallel periods of academic study and of public or private 
     employment, giving students work experience related to their 
     academic or occupational objectives and the opportunity to 
     earn the funds necessary for continuing and completing their 
     education.
       ``(3) Amount of grants.--
       ``(A) The amount of each grant awarded pursuant to 
     paragraph (1)(A) to any institution of higher education or 
     combination of such institutions in any fiscal year shall not 
     exceed $500,000.
       ``(B)(i) Except as provided in clauses (ii) and (iii), the 
     Secretary shall award grants in each fiscal year to each 
     institution of higher education described in paragraph (1)(B) 
     that has an application approved under subsection (b) in

[[Page H715]]

     an amount which bears the same ratio to the amount reserved 
     pursuant to section 812(a)(2) for such fiscal year as the 
     number of unduplicated students placed in cooperative 
     education jobs during the preceding fiscal year by such 
     institution of higher education (other than cooperative 
     education jobs under section 814 and as determined by the 
     Secretary) bears to the total number of all such students 
     placed in such jobs during the preceding fiscal year by all 
     such institutions.
       ``(ii) No institution of higher education shall receive a 
     grant pursuant to paragraph (1)(B) in any fiscal year in an 
     amount which exceeds 25 percent of such institution's 
     cooperative education program's personnel and operating 
     budget for the preceding fiscal year.
       ``(iii) The minimum annual grant amount which an 
     institution of higher education is eligible to receive under 
     paragraph (1)(B) is $1,000 and the maximum annual grant 
     amount is $75,000.
       ``(4) Limitation.--The Secretary shall not award grants 
     pursuant to paragraphs (1)(A) and (B) to the same institution 
     of higher education or combination of such institution in any 
     one fiscal year.
       ``(5) Uses.--Grants under paragraph (1)(B) shall be used 
     exclusively--
       ``(A) to expand the quality of and participation in a 
     cooperative education program;
       ``(B) for outreach in new curricular areas; and
       ``(C) for outreach to potential participants including 
     underrepresented and nontraditional populations.
       ``(b) Applications.--Each institution of higher education 
     or combination of such institutions desiring to receive a 
     grant under this section shall submit an application to the 
     Secretary at such time and in such manner as the Secretary 
     shall prescribe. Each such application shall--
       ``(1) set forth the program or activities for which a grant 
     is authorized under this section;
       ``(2) specify each portion of such program or activities 
     which will be performed by a nonprofit organization or 
     institution other than the applicant, and the compensation to 
     be paid for such performance;
       ``(3) provide that the applicant will expend during the 
     fiscal year for which the grant is awarded for the purpose of 
     such program or activities not less than the amount expended 
     for such purpose during the previous fiscal year;
       ``(4) describe the plans which the applicant will carry out 
     to assure, and contain a formal statement of the 
     institution's commitment which assures, that the applicant 
     will continue the cooperative education program beyond the 5-
     year period of Federal assistance described in subsection 
     (c)(1) at a level which is not less than the total amount 
     expended for such program during the first year such program 
     was assisted under this section;
       ``(5) provide that, in the case of an institution of higher 
     education that provides a 2-year program which is acceptable 
     for full credit toward a bachelor's degree, the cooperative 
     education program will be available to students who are 
     certificate or associate degree candidates and who carry at 
     least one-half of the normal full-time academic workload;
       ``(6) provide that the applicant will--
       ``(A) make such reports as may be necessary to ensure that 
     the applicant is complying with the provisions of this 
     section, including reports for the second and each succeeding 
     fiscal year for which the applicant receives a grant with 
     respect to the impact of the cooperative education program in 
     the previous fiscal year, including--
       ``(i) the number of unduplicated student applicants in the 
     cooperative education program;
       ``(ii) the number of unduplicated students placed in 
     cooperative education jobs;
       ``(iii) the number of employers who have hired cooperative 
     education students;
       ``(iv) the income for students derived from working in 
     cooperative education jobs; and
       ``(v) the increase or decrease in the number of 
     unduplicated students placed in cooperative education jobs in 
     each fiscal year compared to the previous fiscal year; and
       ``(B) keep such records as may be necessary to ensure that 
     the applicant is complying with the provisions of this part, 
     including the notation of cooperative education employment on 
     the student's transcript;
       ``(7) describe the extent to which programs in the academic 
     disciplines for which the application is made have had a 
     favorable reception by public and private sector employers;
       ``(8) describe the extent to which the institution is 
     committed to extending cooperative education on an 
     institution-wide basis for all students who can benefit;
       ``(9) describe the plans that the applicant will carry out 
     to evaluate the applicant's cooperative education program at 
     the end of the grant period;
       ``(10) provide for such fiscal control and fund accounting 
     procedures as may be necessary to assure proper disbursement 
     of, and accounting for, Federal funds paid to the applicant 
     under this part;
       ``(11) demonstrate a commitment to serving all underserved 
     populations at the institution; and
       ``(12) include such other information as may be necessary 
     to carry out the provisions of this part.
       ``(c) Duration of Grants; Federal Share.--
       ``(1) Duration of grants.--No individual institution of 
     higher education may receive, individually or as a 
     participant in a combination of such institutions--
       ``(A) a grant pursuant to subsection (a)(1)(A) for more 
     than 5 fiscal years; or
       ``(B) a grant pursuant to subsection (a)(1)(B) for more 
     than 5 fiscal years.
       ``(2) Federal share.--The Federal share of a grant under 
     subsection (a)(1)(A) may not exceed--
       ``(A) 85 percent of the cost of carrying out the program or 
     activities described in the application in the first year the 
     applicant receives a grant under this section;
       ``(B) 70 percent of such cost in the second such year;
       ``(C) 55 percent of such cost in the third such year;
       ``(D) 40 percent of such cost in the fourth such year; and
       ``(E) 25 percent of such cost in the fifth such year.
       ``(3) Special rule.--Any provision of law to the contrary 
     notwithstanding, the Secretary shall not waive the provisions 
     of this subsection.
       ``(d) Maintenance of Effort.--If the Secretary determines 
     that a recipient of funds under this section has failed to 
     maintain the fiscal effort described in subsection (b)(3), 
     then the Secretary may elect not to make grant payments under 
     this section to such recipient.
       ``(e) Factors for Special Consideration of Applications.--
       ``(1) In general.--In approving applications under this 
     section, the Secretary shall give special consideration to 
     applications from institutions of higher education or 
     combinations of such institutions for programs which show the 
     greatest promise of success because of--
       ``(A) the extent to which programs in the academic 
     discipline with respect to which the application is made have 
     had a favorable reception by public and private sector 
     employers;
       ``(B) the strength of the commitment of the institution of 
     higher education or combination of such institutions to 
     cooperative education as demonstrated by the plans and 
     formalized institutional commitment statement which such 
     institution or combination has made to continue the program 
     after the termination of Federal financial assistance;
       ``(C) the extent to which the institution or combination of 
     institutions is committed to extending cooperative education 
     for all students who can benefit; and
       ``(D) such other factors as are consistent with the 
     purposes of this section.
       ``(2) Additional special consideration.--The Secretary 
     shall also give special consideration to applications from 
     institutions of higher education or combinations of such 
     institutions which demonstrate a commitment to serving all 
     underserved populations attending such institutions.

     ``SEC. 814. DEMONSTRATION AND INNOVATION PROJECTS; TRAINING 
                   AND RESOURCE CENTERS; AND RESEARCH.

       ``(a) Authorization.--The Secretary is authorized, in 
     accordance with the provisions of this section, to make 
     grants and enter into contracts--
       ``(1) from the amounts available in each fiscal year under 
     section 812(a)(3), for the conduct of demonstration projects 
     designed to demonstrate or determine the feasibility or value 
     of innovative methods of cooperative education;
       ``(2) from the amounts available in each fiscal year under 
     section 812(a)(4), for the conduct of training and resource 
     centers designed to--
       ``(A) train personnel in the field of cooperative 
     education;
       ``(B) improve materials used in cooperative education 
     programs if such improvement is conducted in conjunction with 
     other activities described in this paragraph;
       ``(C) furnish technical assistance to institutions of 
     higher education to increase the potential of the institution 
     to continue to conduct a cooperative education program 
     without Federal assistance;
       ``(D) encourage model cooperative education programs which 
     furnish education and training in occupations in which there 
     is a national need;
       ``(E) support partnerships under which an institution 
     carrying out a comprehensive cooperative education program 
     joins with one or more institutions of higher education in 
     order to (i) assist the institution that is not the 
     institution carrying out the cooperative education program to 
     develop and expand an existing program of cooperative 
     education, or (ii) establish and improve or expand 
     comprehensive cooperative education programs; and
       ``(F) encourage model cooperative education programs in the 
     fields of science and mathematics for women and minorities 
     who are underrepresented in such fields; and
       ``(3) from the amounts available in each fiscal year under 
     section 812(a)(5), for the conduct of research relating to 
     cooperative education.
       ``(b) Administrative Provision.--
       ``(1) In general.--To carry out this section, the Secretary 
     may--
       ``(A) make grants to or contracts with institutions of 
     higher education, or combinations of such institutions; and
       ``(B) make grants to or contracts with other public or 
     private nonprofit agencies or organizations, whenever such 
     grants or contracts will make an especially significant 
     contribution to attaining the objectives of this section.
       ``(2) Limitation.--
       ``(A) The Secretary may not use more than 3 percent of the 
     amount appropriated to carry out this section in each fiscal 
     year to enter into contracts described in paragraph (1)(A).
       ``(B) The Secretary may use not more than 3 percent of the 
     amount appropriated to carry out this section in each fiscal 
     year to enter into contracts described in paragraph (1)(B).
       ``(c) Supplement Not Supplant.--A recipient of a grant or 
     contract under this section may use the funds provided only 
     so as to supplement and, to the extent possible, increase the 
     level of funds that would, in the absence of such funds, be 
     made available from non-Federal sources to carry out the 
     activities supported by such grant or contract, and in no 
     case to supplant such funds from non-Federal sources.

[[Page H716]]

                  ``PART C--COLLEGE PARTNERSHIP GRANTS

     ``SEC. 821. COLLEGE PARTNERSHIP GRANTS AUTHORIZED.

       ``(a) Grants Authorized.--From the amount appropriated to 
     carry out this part under section 800, the Secretary shall 
     award grants to eligible partnerships for the purposes of 
     developing and implementing articulation agreements.
       ``(b) Eligible Partnerships.--For purposes of this part, an 
     eligible partnership shall include at least two institutions 
     of higher education, or a system of institutions of higher 
     education, and may include either or both of the following:
       ``(1) A consortia of institutions of higher education.
       ``(2) A State higher education agency.
       ``(c) Priority.--The Secretary shall give priority to 
     eligible partnerships that--
       ``(1) are located in a State that is in compliance with 
     section 486A; or
       ``(2) include--
       ``(A) 1 or more junior or community colleges (as defined by 
     section 312(f) of this Act) that award associate's degrees; 
     and
       ``(B) 1 or more institutions of higher education that offer 
     a baccalaureate or post baccalaureate degree not awarded by 
     the institutions described in subparagraph (A) with which it 
     is partnered.
       ``(d) Mandatory Use of Funds.--Grants awarded under this 
     part shall be used for--
       ``(1) the development of policies and programs to expand 
     opportunities for students to earn bachelor's degrees, by 
     facilitating the transfer of academic credits between 
     institutions and expanding articulation and guaranteed 
     transfer agreements between institutions of higher education, 
     including through common course numbering and general 
     education core curriculum;
       ``(2) academic program enhancements; and
       ``(3) programs to identify and remove barriers that inhibit 
     student transfers, including technological and informational 
     programs.
       ``(e) Optional Use of Funds.--Grants awarded under this 
     part may be used for--
       ``(1) support services to students participating in the 
     program, such as tutoring, mentoring, and academic and 
     personal counseling; and
       ``(2) any service that facilitates the transition of 
     students between the partner institutions.
       ``(f) Prohibition.--No funds provided under this section 
     shall be used to financially compensate an institution for 
     the purposes of entering into an articulation agreement or 
     for accepting students transferring into such institution.
       ``(g) Applications.--Any eligible partnership that desires 
     to obtain a grant under this section shall submit to the 
     Secretary an application at such time, in such manner, and 
     containing such information or assurances as the Secretary 
     may require.
       ``(h) Regulations.--The Secretary shall prescribe such 
     regulations as may be necessary to carry out this section.
       ``(i) Definition.--For purposes of this section, the term 
     `articulation agreement' means an agreement between 
     institutions of higher education that specifies the 
     acceptability of courses in transfer toward meeting specific 
     degree requirements.

                    ``PART D--STUDENT SUCCESS GRANTS

     ``SEC. 826. STUDENT SUCCESS GRANTS.

       ``(a) Authorization of Pilot Program.--From the amount 
     appropriated to carry out this part under section 800, the 
     Secretary is authorized to award grants on a competitive 
     basis to eligible institutions for the purposes of helping 
     low-income students succeed in persisting in and completing 
     postsecondary education and training programs.
       ``(b) Definitions.--
       ``(1) Eligible institution.--In this section, the term 
     `eligible institution' means an institution of higher 
     education in which, during the three-year period preceding 
     the year in which the institution is applying for a grant 
     under this section, an average of not less than 50 percent of 
     the institution's entering first-year students are enrolled 
     in developmental courses to bring reading, writing, or 
     mathematics skills up to college-level.
       ``(2) Eligible student.--In this section, the term 
     `eligible student' means a student who--
       ``(A) is eligible to receive assistance under section 401;
       ``(B) is a first-year student at the time of entering the 
     pilot program; and
       ``(C) is selected by an eligible institution to participate 
     in the pilot program.
       ``(c) Application.--An eligible institution seeking a grant 
     under this section shall submit an application to the 
     Secretary at such time, in such manner, and containing such 
     information as the Secretary may require.
       ``(d) Student Success Grant Amount.--For an award year, 
     each institution selected to participate in this pilot 
     program shall receive an amount equal to $1,500 multiplied by 
     the number of students the institution selects to participate 
     in the pilot program in such year. An institution shall not 
     select more than 200 students to participate in the pilot 
     program under this section during such year.
       ``(e) Priority for Replication of Evidence-Based Policies 
     and Practices.--The Secretary shall give priority to 
     applications submitted by eligible institutions that propose 
     to replicate policies and practices that have proven 
     effective in increasing persistence and completion by low-
     income students or students in need of developmental 
     education.
       ``(f) Peer Review.--The Secretary shall convene a peer 
     review process to review applications for grants under this 
     section and to make recommendations to the Secretary 
     regarding the selection of grantees. Members of the peer 
     review committee shall include researchers and practitioners 
     who are recognized experts on services and policies to 
     increase low income student success in postsecondary 
     education and training. No member of the committee shall be 
     in a position to benefit financially from the grants to 
     eligible institutions under subsection (d).
       ``(g) Mandatory Uses.--An eligible institution that 
     receives a grant under this section shall use the grant funds 
     to assign a Student Success Coach to every first-year student 
     participating in the pilot program to provide intensive 
     career and academic advising, ongoing personal help in 
     navigating college services such as financial aid and 
     registration, and assistance in connecting to community 
     resources that can help students overcome family and personal 
     challenges to success. Student Success Coaches--
       ``(1) shall work with not more than 50 new students during 
     any academic period;
       ``(2) may be employees of academic departments, student 
     services offices, community-based organizations, or other 
     entities as deemed appropriate by the institution; and
       ``(3) shall meet with each eligible student selected for 
     the pilot program before registration for courses.
       ``(h) Permissible Uses.--An eligible institution that 
     receives a grant under this section may use the grant funds 
     to provide services and program innovations for students 
     participating in the pilot, including the following:
       ``(1) College and career success courses, with tuition and 
     fees for the course covered by the Student Success Grant. 
     These courses may cover college success topics, including how 
     to take notes, how to study, how to take tests, and how to 
     budget time, and may also include a substantial career 
     exploration component. Institutions may use such courses to 
     help students develop a College and Career Success Plan so 
     that by the end of the first semester the students have a 
     clear sense of their career goals and what classes to take to 
     achieve such goals.
       ``(2) Work-study jobs with private employers in the 
     students' fields of study.
       ``(3) Learning communities that ensure that students 
     participating in the pilot are clustered together for at 
     least two courses beginning in the first semester after 
     enrolling and have other opportunities to create and maintain 
     bonds that allow them to provide academic and social support 
     to each other.
       ``(4) Curricular redesign, which may include such 
     innovations as `blended' or accelerated remediation classes 
     that help Student Success Grant recipients to attain college-
     level reading, writing, math skills (or a combination 
     thereof) more rapidly than traditional remediation formats 
     allow, and intensive skills refresher classes, offered prior 
     to each semester, to help students who have tested into 
     remedial coursework to reach entry level assessment scores 
     for the postsecondary programs they wish to enter.
       ``(5) Instructional support, such as learning labs, 
     supplemental instruction, and tutoring.
       ``(6) Assistance with support services, such as child care 
     and transportation.
       ``(i) Grant Period; Additional Technical Assistance.--
       ``(1) Grant period.--Grants made under this section shall 
     be for a period of not less than 60 months.
       ``(2) Additional technical assistance.--After 36 months, 
     the Secretary shall review the performance of the Student 
     Success Grant pilot program students at each institution, and 
     if no significant improvements have been made by Student 
     Success Grant pilot program students in persistence and 
     completion at an institution, then the Secretary shall 
     provide additional technical assistance to help the 
     institution improve outcomes.
       ``(j) Required Non-Federal Share.--
       ``(1) In general.--Each institution participating in the 
     pilot program under this section shall provide a non-Federal 
     match of 25 percent of the amount of grant to carry out the 
     activities of the pilot program. The non-Federal share under 
     this section may be provided in cash or in kind.
       ``(2) Effect on need analysis.--For the purpose of 
     calculating a student's need in accordance with part F of 
     this title, services or benefits under this section shall not 
     be considered to be an asset or income of the student or the 
     students parents.
       ``(k) Technical Assistance.--The Secretary shall enter into 
     contracts with private entities to provide such technical 
     assistance to grantees under this section as the Secretary 
     determines appropriate.
       ``(l) Evaluation.--
       ``(1) Outcome evaluations.--The Secretary shall conduct an 
     evaluation of program outcomes under the pilot program, and 
     shall disseminate to the public the findings from the 
     evaluation and information on best practices. The Secretary 
     is encouraged to partner with other providers of funds, such 
     as private foundations, to allow for use of an experimental 
     or quasi-experimental evaluation in at least one of the pilot 
     program sites.
       ``(2) Institutional participation.--As a condition of 
     receiving grants under this section, participating 
     institutions shall work with the evaluator to track 
     persistence and completion outcomes for students in the pilot 
     program, specifically the proportion of these students who 
     take and complete developmental education courses, the 
     proportion who take and complete college-level coursework, 
     and the proportion who complete certificates and degrees. 
     This data shall be broken down by race, ethnicity, and age 
     and the evaluator shall assist institutions in analyzing this 
     data to compare Student Success Grant pilot program 
     participants to comparable nonparticipants, using statistical 
     techniques to control for differences in the groups.
       ``(3) Annual reports.--Participating institutions under 
     this section shall report on the data specified in paragraph 
     (2) annually and the Secretary shall make this data publicly 
     available.

[[Page H717]]

                       ``PART E--JOBS TO CAREERS

     ``SEC. 831. GRANTS TO CREATE BRIDGES FROM JOBS TO CAREERS.

       ``(a) Authorization of Program.--From amounts appropriated 
     to carry out this part under section 800, the Secretary shall 
     award grants, on a competitive basis, to institutions of 
     higher education for the purposes of improving developmental 
     education, including English language instruction, by 
     customizing developmental education to student career goals, 
     and helping students move rapidly from developmental 
     coursework into for-credit occupational program courses and 
     through program completion. The grants under this section 
     shall focus in particular on creating bridges to for-credit 
     occupational certificate programs that are articulated to 
     degree programs.
       ``(b) Application.--An eligible institution seeking a grant 
     under this section shall submit an application to the 
     Secretary at such time, in such manner, and containing such 
     information as the Secretary may require.
       ``(c) Priorities.--The Secretary shall give priority to 
     applications that--
       ``(1) are from institutions of higher education in which 
     not less than 50 percent of the institution's entering first-
     year students who are subject to mandatory assessment, are 
     assessed as needing developmental courses to bring reading, 
     writing, or mathematics skills up to college-level; and
       ``(2) propose to replicate practices that have proven 
     effective with adults or propose to collaborate with adult 
     education providers.
       ``(d) Peer Review.--The Secretary shall convene a peer 
     review process to review applications for grants under this 
     section and to make recommendations to the Secretary 
     regarding the selection of grantees.
       ``(e) Mandatory Activity.--An eligible institution that 
     receives a grant under this section shall use the grant funds 
     to create workforce bridge programs that customize 
     developmental education curricula, including English language 
     instruction, to the content of the for-credit occupational 
     certificate or degree programs, or clusters of such programs, 
     in which developmental education students seek to enroll. 
     Such bridge programs may include those that integrate the 
     curricula and the instruction of both developmental and 
     college-level coursework or that dually enroll students in 
     remediation and college-level coursework.
       ``(f) Permissible Activities.--An eligible institution that 
     receives a grant under this section, in addition to creating 
     workforce bridge programs, may use the grant funds to carry 
     out the following:
       ``(1) Design and implement innovative ways to improve 
     retention in and completion of developmental education 
     courses, including enrolling students in cohorts, 
     accelerating course content, integrating remediation and 
     college-level curricula and instruction, dually enrolling 
     students in developmental and college-level courses, 
     tutoring, providing counseling and other supportive services, 
     and giving small, material incentives for attendance and 
     performance.
       ``(2) In consultation with faculty in the appropriate 
     departments, redesignating class schedules to meet the needs 
     of working adults, such as by creating evening, weekend, 
     modular, compressed, distance-learning formats, or other 
     alternative schedules.
       ``(3) Improving the quality of teaching in remedial courses 
     through professional development, reclassification of such 
     teaching positions, or other means the eligible institution 
     determines appropriate.
       ``(4) Any other activities the eligible institution and the 
     Secretary determine will promote retention of, and completion 
     by, students attending institutions of higher education.
       ``(5) Fully advise students on the range of options and 
     programs available, which may include: diploma; 
     certification; 2-year degree; associate's degree; transfer 
     degree to upper division; and career options.
       ``(g) Grant Period.--Grants made under this section shall 
     be for a period of not less than 36 months and not more than 
     60 months.
       ``(h) Technical Assistance.--The Secretary shall provide 
     technical assistance to grantees under this section 
     throughout the grant period.
       ``(i) Evaluation.--The Secretary shall conduct an 
     evaluation of program impacts under the demonstration 
     program, and shall disseminate to the public the findings 
     from the evaluation and information on best practices. The 
     Secretary is encouraged to partner with other providers of 
     funds, such as private foundations, to allow for use of a 
     random assignment evaluation in at least one of the 
     demonstration sites.
       ``(j) Definition of Institution.--In this section, the term 
     `institution of higher education' means an institution of 
     higher education as defined in section 101(a).

                         ``PART F--PROJECT GRAD

     ``SEC. 836. PROJECT GRAD.

       ``(a) Purposes.--The purposes of this part are--
       ``(1) to provide support and assistance to programs 
     implementing integrated education reform services in order to 
     improve secondary school graduation and college attendance 
     and completion rates for disadvantaged students; and
       ``(2) to promote the establishment of new programs to 
     implement such integrated education reform services.
       ``(b) Grant Authorized.--From the amount appropriated to 
     carry out this part under section 800, the Secretary is 
     authorized to award a grant to Project GRAD USA (referred to 
     in this part as the `grantee'), a nonprofit educational 
     organization that has as its primary purpose the improvement 
     of secondary school graduation and college attendance and 
     completion rates for disadvantaged students, to implement and 
     sustain the integrated education reform services described in 
     subsection (d)(3) at existing Project GRAD program sites and 
     to promote the expansion of such programs to new sites.
       ``(c) Requirements of Grant Agreement.--The Secretary shall 
     enter into an agreement with the grantee that requires that 
     the grantee shall--
       ``(1) enter into subcontracts with nonprofit educational 
     organizations that serve a substantial number or percentage 
     of low-income students (referred to in this part as 
     `subcontractors'), under which the subcontractors agree to 
     implement the programs described in subsection (d) and 
     provide matching funds for such programs;
       ``(2) directly carry out--
       ``(A) activities to implement and sustain the literacy, 
     mathematics, classroom management, social service, and 
     college access programs further described in subsection 
     (d)(3);
       ``(B) activities to build the organizational and management 
     capacity of the subcontractors to effectively implement and 
     sustain the programs;
       ``(C) activities for the purpose of improving and expanding 
     the programs, including but not limited to activities to 
     further articulate a program for one or more grade levels and 
     across grade levels, to tailor a program for a particular 
     target audience, and provide tighter integration across 
     programs;
       ``(D) activities for the purpose of implementing new 
     Project GRAD program sites;
       ``(E) activities for the purpose of promoting greater 
     public awareness of integrated education reform services to 
     improve secondary school graduation and college attendance 
     rates for disadvantaged students; and
       ``(F) other activities directly related to improving 
     secondary school graduation and college attendance and 
     completion rates for disadvantaged students; and
       ``(3) use grant funds available under this part to pay--
       ``(A) the amount determined under subsection (f)(1); and
       ``(B) costs associated with carrying out the activities and 
     providing the services, as provided in paragraph (2) of this 
     subsection.
       ``(d) Supported Programs.--
       ``(1) Designation.--The subcontractor programs referred to 
     in subsection (c)(1) shall be known as Project GRAD programs.
       ``(2) Feeder patterns.--Each subcontractor shall implement 
     a Project GRAD program and shall, with the agreement of the 
     grantee--
       ``(A) identify or establish not less than one `feeder 
     pattern' of public schools, where `feeder pattern' is defined 
     as a high school and the elementary schools and middle 
     schools that channel students into that high school; and
       ``(B) provide the integrated educational reform services 
     described in paragraph (3) at the identified feeder pattern 
     or feeder patterns.
       ``(3) Integrated education reform services.--The services 
     provided through a Project GRAD program may include--
       ``(A) research-based programs in reading, mathematics, and 
     classroom management;
       ``(B) campus-based social services programs, including a 
     systematic approach to increase family and community 
     involvement in the schools served by the Project GRAD 
     program;
       ``(C) a college access program that includes--
       ``(i) providing college scholarships for students who meet 
     established criteria;
       ``(ii) proven approaches for increasing student and family 
     college awareness; and
       ``(iii) assistance for such students in applying for higher 
     education financial aid; and
       ``(D) such other services identified by the grantee as 
     necessary to increase secondary school graduation and college 
     attendance and completion rates.
       ``(e) Use of Funds.--Of the funds made available to carry 
     out this part under section 800, not more than 8 percent of 
     such funds, or $4,000,000, whichever is less, shall be used 
     by the grantee to pay for administration of the grant, with 
     the remainder of funds to be used for the purposes described 
     in subsections (c)(1) and (2).
       ``(f) Grantee Contribution and Matching Requirement.--
       ``(1) In general.--The grantee shall provide to each 
     subcontractor an average of $200 for each pupil served by the 
     subcontractor in the Project GRAD program, adjusted to take 
     into consideration--
       ``(A) the resources available in the area where the 
     subcontractor will implement the Project GRAD program; and
       ``(B) the need for Project GRAD programs in such area to 
     improve student outcomes.
       ``(2) Matching requirement.--Each subcontractor shall 
     provide funds for the Project GRAD program in an amount that 
     is equal to the amount received by the subcontractor from the 
     grantee. Such matching funds may be provided in cash or in 
     kind, fairly evaluated.
       ``(3) Waiver authority.--The grantee may waive, in whole or 
     in part, the requirement of paragraph (2) for a 
     subcontractor, if the subcontractor--
       ``(A) demonstrates that it would not otherwise be able to 
     participate in the program; and
       ``(B) enters into an agreement with the grantee with 
     respect to the amount to which the waiver will apply.
       ``(4) Decrease in grantee share.--Based on the funds or 
     resources available to a subcontractor, the grantee may elect 
     to provide the subcontractor with an amount that is less than 
     the amount determined under paragraph (1).
       ``(g) Evaluation.--
       ``(1) Evaluation by the secretary.--The Secretary shall 
     select an independent entity to evaluate, every 3 years, the 
     performance of students who participate in a Project GRAD 
     program under this part. The evaluation shall--
       ``(A) be conducted using a rigorous research design for 
     determining the effectiveness of the Project GRAD programs 
     funded under this part; and
       ``(B) compare reading and mathematics achievement and, 
     where applicable, the secondary school graduation, college 
     attendance,

[[Page H718]]

     and college completion rates of students who participate in a 
     Project GRAD program funded under this part with those 
     indicators for students of similar backgrounds who do not 
     participate in such program.
       ``(2) Evaluation by grantee and subcontractors.--
       ``(A) In general.--The grantee shall require each 
     subcontractor to prepare an in-depth report of the results 
     and the use of funds of each Project GRAD program funded 
     under this part that includes--
       ``(i) data on the reading and mathematics achievement of 
     students involved in the Project GRAD program;
       ``(ii) statistics on secondary school graduation, college 
     attendance, and college completion rates; and
       ``(iii) such financial reporting as required by the 
     Secretary to review the effectiveness and efficiency of the 
     program.
       ``(B) Form of report.--The report shall be in a form and 
     include such content as shall be determined by the grantee, 
     in consultation with the Secretary or the entity selected by 
     the Secretary to evaluate the Project GRAD programs in 
     accordance with paragraph (1).
       ``(3) Availability of evaluations.--Copies of any 
     evaluation or report prepared under this subsection shall be 
     made available to--
       ``(A) the Secretary; and
       ``(B) the chairperson and ranking member of the authorizing 
     committees.
       ``(h) Definitions.--In this part the term `low-income 
     student' means a student who is determined by a local 
     educational agency to be from a low-income family using the 
     measures described in section 1113(a)(5) of the Elementary 
     and Secondary Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 6313(a)(5)).

      ``PART G--IMPROVING COLLEGE ENROLLMENT BY SECONDARY SCHOOLS

     ``SEC. 841. IMPROVING COLLEGE ENROLLMENT BY SECONDARY 
                   SCHOOLS.

       ``(a) In General.--From the amount appropriated to carry 
     out this part under section 800, the Secretary shall contract 
     with one nonprofit organization described in subsection (b) 
     to enable the nonprofit organization--
       ``(1) to make publicly available the year-to-year higher 
     education enrollment rate trends of secondary school 
     students, disaggregated by secondary school, in compliance 
     with the Family Education Rights and Privacy Act of 1974;
       ``(2) to identify not less than 50 urban local educational 
     agencies and 5 States with significant rural populations, 
     each serving a significant population of low-income students, 
     and to carry out a comprehensive needs assessment in the 
     agencies and States of the factors known to contribute to 
     improved higher education enrollment rates, which factors 
     shall include--
       ``(A) an evaluation of the local educational agency's and 
     State's leadership strategies;
       ``(B) the secondary school curriculum and class offerings 
     of the local educational agency and State;
       ``(C) the professional development used by the local 
     educational agency and the State to assist teachers, higher 
     education counselors, and administrators in supporting the 
     transition of secondary students into higher education;
       ``(D) secondary school student attendance and other factors 
     demonstrated to be associated with enrollment into higher 
     education;
       ``(E) the data systems used by the local educational agency 
     and the State to measure college enrollment rates and the 
     incentives in place to motivate the efforts of faculty and 
     students to improve student and school-wide outcomes; and
       ``(F) strategies to mobilize student leaders to build a 
     college-bound culture; and
       ``(3) to provide comprehensive services to improve the 
     school-wide higher education enrollment rates of each of not 
     less than 10 local educational agencies and States, with the 
     federally funded portion of each project declining by not 
     less than 20 percent each year beginning in the second year 
     of the comprehensive services, that--
       ``(A) participated in the needs assessment described in 
     paragraph (2); and
       ``(B) demonstrated a willingness and commitment to 
     improving the higher education enrollment rates of the local 
     educational agency or State, respectively.
       ``(b) Grant Recipient Criteria.--The recipient of the grant 
     awarded under subsection (a) shall be a nonprofit 
     organization with demonstrated expertise--
       ``(1) in increasing school-wide higher education enrollment 
     rates in low-income communities nationwide by providing 
     curriculum, training, and technical assistance to secondary 
     school staff and student peer influencers; and
       ``(2) in a college transition data management system.

                   ``PART H--DIPLOMA MILL PREVENTION

     ``SEC. 851. PURPOSE; DEFINITIONS.

       ``(a) Purpose.--The purpose of this part is to protect 
     institutions of higher education, businesses and other 
     employers, professional licensing boards, patients and 
     clients of degree holders, taxpayers, and other individuals 
     from any person claiming to possess a legitimate academic 
     degree that in fact was issued by a fraudulent or nonexistent 
     school, by a non-educational entity posing as a school, or by 
     any entity in violation of Federal or State law.
       ``(b) Definitions.--In this part:
       ``(1) Degree-granting institution.--The term `degree-
     granting institution' means any entity that offers or confers 
     an academic, professional, or occupational degree, diploma, 
     or certificate, if such degree, diploma, or certificate may 
     be used to represent to the general public that the 
     individual possessing such degree, diploma, or certificate 
     has completed a program of education or training beyond 
     secondary education.
       ``(2) Diploma mill.--The term `diploma mill' means any 
     entity that--
       ``(A) lacks valid accreditation by an agency recognized by 
     a Federal agency or a State government or other organization 
     or association that recognizes accrediting agencies as a 
     valid accrediting agency of institutions of higher education; 
     and
       ``(B) offers degrees, diplomas, or certifications, for a 
     fee, that may be used to represent to the general public that 
     the individual possessing such a degree, diploma, or 
     certification has completed a program of education or 
     training beyond secondary education, but little or no 
     education or course work is required to obtain such a degree, 
     diploma, or certification.
       ``(3) Institution of higher education.--The term 
     `institution of higher education' has the meaning given such 
     term in section 102.

     ``SEC. 852. RECOGNIZED ACCREDITING AGENCIES AND INSTITUTIONS.

       ``(a) Lists Maintained by the Department of Education.--Not 
     later than 30 days after the date of the enactment of this 
     part, the Secretary of Education shall make available (in a 
     regularly updated, electronic format) to the Secretary of 
     Homeland Security and the heads of other appropriate Federal 
     agencies, a list of--
       ``(1) accrediting agencies and associations, recognized by 
     the Secretary of Education under section 496, or, at the 
     discretion of the Secretary, other organizations involved in 
     accreditation;
       ``(2) eligible institutions, as defined under section 
     435(a); and
       ``(3) to the extent practicable, foreign degree-granting 
     institutions that--
       ``(A) have degree-granting authority, as granted by the 
     appropriate agency or ministry of jurisdiction in the home 
     country of such institution;
       ``(B) issue degrees that are accepted for professional 
     licensure, public employment, and admission into graduate 
     programs of degree-granting institutions in the home country 
     (as determined by the Secretary of State);
       ``(C) are determined by the Secretary of Education to be 
     academically equivalent to an eligible institution, as 
     defined in section 435(a); and
       ``(D) are located in a home country that is capable of 
     performing an effective academic evaluation of the degree-
     granting institutions to which it issues degree-granting 
     authority, as determined by the Secretary of State, in 
     consultation with the Secretary of Education,
     for the purposes of assisting the Secretary of Homeland 
     Security and the heads of such Federal agencies to determine, 
     for immigration and Federal employment and hiring purposes, 
     the legitimacy of degree-granting institutions and degrees 
     issued by such institutions.
       ``(b) Revisions to Lists.--The Secretary of Education shall 
     modify and maintain the lists described in subsection (a) as 
     necessary to ensure that the lists and the information 
     contained in the lists are accurate and up-to-date, based on 
     the most recent information available to the Secretary.
       ``(c) Notice of Recognition.--To be eligible to receive 
     funds under title IV, each eligible institution described in 
     subsection (a)(2) shall, not later than 60 days after the 
     date of the enactment of this part, prominently display on 
     the institution's Internet website a notice indicating that 
     the institution is recognized by the Secretary of Education 
     as a legitimate institution for immigration and Federal 
     employment and hiring purposes. If the Secretary of Education 
     determines that an institution no longer qualifies as a 
     legitimate degree-granting institutions described in 
     subsection (a)(2), and removes the institution from the list 
     maintained under such subsection, the institution shall, not 
     later than 15 days after the removal of the institution from 
     such list, delete the notice required by this subsection from 
     the institution's Internet website.

     ``SEC. 853. ACCREDITING AGENCIES.

       ``No accrediting agency or association may be considered to 
     be a reliable authority as to the quality of education or 
     training offered by a degree-granting institution for any 
     purpose related to immigration, Federal employment and hiring 
     practices, or for any other Federal purposes, unless the 
     agency or association is on the list of accrediting agencies 
     and associations recognized by the Secretary of Education and 
     provided to the Secretary of Homeland Security under section 
     852. The Secretary may consult with other organizations, such 
     as the Council for Higher Education Accreditation, for such 
     purposes.

     ``SEC. 854. TASK FORCE.

       ``(a) Task Force Established.--The Secretary of Education 
     shall establish within the Department of Education the 
     Diploma Mill Task Force (referred to in this part as the 
     `Task Force').
       ``(b) Membership.--
       ``(1) Number and appointment.--The Task Force shall, if 
     practicable, be composed of 19 members, as follows:
       ``(A) The Assistant Secretary of Education for 
     Postsecondary Education.
       ``(B) A representative of the Department of Education with 
     experience related to the determination of the legitimacy and 
     quality of degrees from foreign institutions of higher 
     education, selected by the Secretary of Education.
       ``(C) A representative of the Department of Justice, 
     selected by the Attorney General.
       ``(D) A representative of the Federal Trade Commission, 
     selected by the Chairman of such agency.
       ``(E) A representative of the Secret Service, selected by 
     the Director of the Secret Service.
       ``(F) A representative of the Department of State, selected 
     by the Secretary of State.
       ``(G) A representative of the Department of Homeland 
     Security, selected by the Secretary of Homeland Security.
       ``(H) A representative of the Office of Personnel 
     Management, selected by the Director of such Office.

[[Page H719]]

       ``(I) A representative of a national accreditation 
     association.
       ``(J) A representative of a national organization 
     representing collegiate registrars and admissions officers.
       ``(K) Two representatives of State degree approval 
     agencies, selected by agreement of at least 3 of the Speaker 
     of the House of Representatives, the Senate majority leader, 
     the House minority leader, and the Senate minority leader.
       ``(L) Two representatives from regionally accredited 
     institutions of higher education, selected by agreement of at 
     least 3 of the Speaker of the House of Representatives, the 
     Senate majority leader, the House minority leader, and the 
     Senate minority leader.
       ``(M) One representative from a nationally accredited 
     institution of higher education, selected by agreement of at 
     least 3 of the Speaker of the House of Representatives, the 
     Senate majority leader, the House minority leader, and the 
     Senate minority leader.
       ``(N) Four individuals from the general population with 
     experience in higher education, the detection of fraudulent 
     degrees and degree-granting institutions, or law enforcement 
     related to credential fraud, selected as follows:
       ``(i) One individual selected by the Speaker of the House 
     of Representatives.
       ``(ii) One individual selected by the minority leader of 
     the House of Representatives.
       ``(iii) One individual selected by the majority leader of 
     the Senate.
       ``(iv) One individual selected by the minority leader of 
     the Senate.
       ``(2) Criteria for membership.--All members of the Task 
     Force shall be persons who are especially qualified to serve 
     on the Task Force by virtue of their education, training, or 
     experience, particularly in the fields of higher education, 
     accreditation of institutions of higher education, foreign 
     higher education standards, State regulation of institutions 
     of higher education, immigration, Federal employment 
     requirements and hiring practices, or fraud prevention, 
     detection, or enforcement.
       ``(3) Terms.--Each member shall be appointed for the life 
     of the Task Force.
       ``(4) Vacancies.--A vacancy in the Task Force shall be 
     filled in the manner in which the original appointment was 
     made.
       ``(5) Chair.--At the first meeting of the Task Force, the 
     members of the Task Force shall elect a member of the Task 
     Force to serve as Chair.
       ``(c) Duties.--
       ``(1) Guidelines.--The Task Force shall develop guidelines, 
     to be used for the development of Federal legislation, to 
     identify degree-granting institutions as legitimate or 
     fraudulent degree-granting institutions for Federal purposes. 
     In developing such guidelines, the Task Force shall 
     consider--
       ``(A) characteristics of degree-granting institutions that 
     help determine the legitimacy of the institution, such as 
     whether an entity--
       ``(i) offers or confers degrees, diplomas, or 
     certificates--

       ``(I) for little or no meaningful academic work;
       ``(II) without requiring an appropriate level of academic 
     achievement for the attainment of such degrees, diplomas, or 
     certificates; or
       ``(III) without imposing academic or other requirements for 
     admittance into the institutions or programs offering such 
     degrees, diplomas, or certificates;

       ``(ii) has fiscal and administrative structures and 
     capacity appropriate to the specified scale of educational 
     operations;
       ``(iii) has resources to support claims as a degree-
     granting institution, including curricula, qualified faculty, 
     facilities, equipment, and supplies, student support 
     services, objectives of the degrees or credentials offered, 
     admissions practices, academic calendars and catalogs, and a 
     grading system; and
       ``(iv) has degree-granting authority issued by the States 
     in which degrees, or instruction leading to degrees, are 
     offered, and is recognized by such States as an approved 
     institution of higher education;
       ``(B) the feasibility of defining the term `fraudulent 
     degree-granting institution' (commonly referred to as 
     `diploma mills'), and if feasible, shall define such term to 
     propose for use in Federal laws and regulations;
       ``(C) issues related to--
       ``(i) the detection of new and existing fraudulent degree-
     granting institutions;
       ``(ii) recognition and prevention of the practices used by 
     such fraudulent degree-granting institutions to avoid 
     detection;
       ``(iii) the enforcement of laws and regulations prohibiting 
     such fraudulent degree-granting institutions and practices 
     and the use of fraudulent degrees; and
       ``(iv) the prosecution of such fraudulent degree-granting 
     institutions and practices and the use of fraudulent degrees;
       ``(D) difficulties in identifying fraudulent degree-
     granting institutions located in foreign countries, or that 
     claim recognition or degree-granting authority from foreign 
     countries;
       ``(E) means to alert and educate the public about 
     fraudulent degree-granting institutions and the use of 
     fraudulent degrees;
       ``(F) laws, regulations, and other means used by States to 
     address fraudulent degree-granting institutions and the use 
     of fraudulent degrees;
       ``(G) the potential need for coordination and cooperation 
     among various Federal agencies to investigate and prosecute 
     suspected fraudulent degree-granting institutions, and the 
     detailed recommendations of the Task Force regarding such 
     coordination and cooperation;
       ``(H) the study and the report to the Task Force required 
     under this section; and
       ``(I) the purposes for which various agencies of the United 
     States need to identify fraudulent degree-granting 
     institutions, and identify, prohibit, and prevent the use of 
     degrees issued by such fraudulent institutions, and the 
     ability of such agencies to implement any guidelines 
     considered by the Task Force.
       ``(2) Development of federal plan.--The Task Force shall 
     develop a strategic diploma integrity protection plan 
     (referred to in this section as the `Plan') to address the 
     sale and use of fraudulent degrees for Federal purposes. The 
     Plan shall include the following:
       ``(A) Recommendations to Congress regarding the 
     implementation by Federal agencies of the guidelines 
     developed under paragraph (1).
       ``(B) Recommendations to the Federal Trade Commission 
     regarding the application of the guidelines developed under 
     paragraph (1) to any rulemaking under section 856 and to the 
     enforcement of the rules promulgated under such section.
       ``(3) Submission of report to congress.--Not later than one 
     year after the date of the enactment of this part, the Task 
     Force shall submit to the appropriate congressional 
     committees a report, including--
       ``(A) the guidelines developed under paragraph (1);
       ``(B) the Plan developed under paragraph (2); and
       ``(C) a legislative proposal for consideration by Congress.

     ``SEC. 855. SENSE OF THE CONGRESS REGARDING USE BY STATES OF 
                   THE FEDERAL PLAN AS GUIDELINES.

       ``It is the sense of the Congress that--
       ``(1) each State should implement a strategic diploma 
     integrity plan similar to any strategic diploma integrity 
     plan developed under section 854, to the extent practicable 
     and as soon as practicable after the date of the adoption of 
     such a plan under such section; and
       ``(2) States may adopt more stringent standards than those 
     standards contained in the Federal strategic diploma 
     integrity plan and used by agencies of the United States to 
     identify fraudulent degree-granting institutions operating 
     within such State, except that State law does not preempt 
     Federal law as applied to the employment and hiring practices 
     of Federal employees working in such State.

     ``SEC. 856. UNFAIR AND DECEPTIVE ACTS AND PRACTICES REGARDING 
                   DIPLOMAS AND PROFESSIONAL CERTIFICATIONS.

       ``Not later than 180 days after the date of enactment of 
     this part, the Secretary shall request in writing that the 
     Federal Trade Commission shall develop a plan to address 
     diploma mills based on section 18 of Federal Trade Commission 
     Act (15 U.S.C. 57a).

        ``PART I--STUDENT SAFETY AND CAMPUS EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT

     ``SEC. 861. STUDENT SAFETY AND CAMPUS EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT.

       ``(a) Grants Authorized.--
       ``(1) In general.--From the amount appropriated to carry 
     out this part under section 800, the Secretary is authorized 
     to award grants, on a competitive basis, to institutions of 
     higher education or consortia of institutions of higher 
     education to enable institutions of higher education or 
     consortia to pay the Federal share of the cost of carrying 
     out the authorized activities described in subsection (c).
       ``(2) Consultation with the attorney general and the 
     secretary of homeland security.--Where appropriate, the 
     Secretary shall award grants under this section in 
     consultation with the Attorney General of the United States 
     and the Secretary of Homeland Security.
       ``(3) Duration.--The Secretary shall award each grant under 
     this section for a period of 2 years.
       ``(4) Limitation on institutions and consortia.--An 
     institution of higher education or consortium shall be 
     eligible for only 1 grant under this section.
       ``(b) Federal Share; Non-Federal Share.--
       ``(1) In general.--The Federal share of the activities 
     described in subsection (c) shall be 50 percent.
       ``(2) Non-federal share.--The institution of higher 
     education or consortium shall provide the non-Federal share, 
     which may be provided from other Federal, State, and local 
     resources dedicated to emergency preparedness and response.
       ``(c) Authorized Activities.--Each institution of higher 
     education or consortium receiving a grant under this section 
     may use the grant funds to carry out 1 or more of the 
     following:
       ``(1) Developing and implementing a state-of-the-art 
     emergency communications system for each campus of an 
     institution of higher education or consortium, in order to 
     contact students via cellular, text message, or other state-
     of-the-art communications methods when a significant 
     emergency or dangerous situation occurs. An institution or 
     consortium using grant funds to carry out this paragraph 
     shall also, in coordination with the appropriate State and 
     local emergency management authorities--
       ``(A) develop procedures that students, employees, and 
     others on a campus of an institution of higher education or 
     consortium will be directed to follow in the event of a 
     significant emergency or dangerous situation; and
       ``(B) develop procedures the institution of higher 
     education or consortium shall follow to inform, within a 
     reasonable and timely manner, students, employees, and others 
     on a campus in the event of a significant emergency or 
     dangerous situation, which procedures shall include the 
     emergency communications system described in this paragraph.
       ``(2) Supporting measures to improve safety at the 
     institution of higher education or consortium, such as--
       ``(A) security assessments;
       ``(B) security training of personnel and students at the 
     institution of higher education or consortium;
       ``(C) where appropriate, coordination of campus 
     preparedness and response efforts with local

[[Page H720]]

     law enforcement, local emergency management authorities, and 
     other agencies, to improve coordinated responses in 
     emergencies among such entities; and
       ``(D) establishing a hotline that allows a student or staff 
     member at an institution or consortium to report another 
     student or staff member at the institution or consortium who 
     the reporting student or staff member believes may be a 
     danger to the reported student or staff member or to others.
       ``(3) Coordinating with appropriate local entities the 
     provision of mental health services for students and staff of 
     the institution of higher education or consortium, including 
     mental health crisis response and intervention services for 
     students and staff affected by a campus or community 
     emergency.
       ``(d) Application.--Each institution of higher education or 
     consortium desiring a grant under this section shall submit 
     an application to the Secretary at such time, in such manner, 
     and containing such information as the Secretary may require.
       ``(e) Technical Assistance.--The Secretary shall coordinate 
     technical assistance provided by State and local emergency 
     management agencies, the Department of Homeland Security, and 
     other agencies as appropriate, to institutions of higher 
     education or consortia that request assistance in developing 
     and implementing the activities assisted under this section.
       ``(f) Rule of Construction.--Nothing in this section shall 
     be construed--
       ``(1) to provide a private right of action to any person to 
     enforce any provision of this section;
       ``(2) to create a cause of action against any institution 
     of higher education or any employee of the institution for 
     any civil liability; or
       ``(3) to affect the Family Educational Rights and Privacy 
     Act of 1974 or the regulations issued under section 264 of 
     the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 
     1996 (42 U.S.C. 1320d-2 note).

     ``SEC. 862. MODEL EMERGENCY RESPONSE POLICIES, PROCEDURES, 
                   AND PRACTICES.

       ``The Secretary of Education, in consultation with the 
     Attorney General of the United States and the Secretary of 
     Homeland Security, shall--
       ``(1) advise institutions of higher education on model 
     emergency response policies, procedures, and practices; and
       ``(2) disseminate information concerning those policies, 
     procedures, and practices.

     ``SEC. 863. PREPARATION FOR FUTURE DISASTERS PLAN BY THE 
                   SECRETARY.

       ``(a) Planning.--The Secretary shall develop and maintain a 
     disaster relief plan, in consultation with the appropriate 
     agencies, to ensure a procedure is in place to address the 
     needs of institutions of higher education in the event of a 
     disaster with respect to which the President has declared a 
     major disaster or emergency. The plan shall take into 
     consideration the immediate safety and well-being of 
     students, faculty, and staff. Additionally, such plan shall 
     outline steps that can be taken to ensure institutions of 
     higher education have a timely recovery.
       ``(b) Submission to Congress.--The Secretary shall submit 
     to the authorizing committees the plan required by subsection 
     (a) and any revisions of such plan.

     ``SEC. 864. EDUCATION DISASTER AND EMERGENCY RELIEF LOAN 
                   PROGRAM.

       ``(a) Program Authorized.--The Secretary is authorized to 
     establish an Education Disaster and Emergency Relief Loan 
     Program for institutions of higher education for direct or 
     indirect losses incurred as a result of a federally declared 
     major disaster or emergency.
       ``(b) Use of Assistance.--The Secretary may, subject to the 
     availability of appropriations, provide any assistance under 
     the Education Disaster and Emergency Relief Loan program to 
     institutions of higher education pursuant to this section 
     only after the declaration of a major disaster or emergency 
     by the President. Loan funds provided under this section may 
     be used for--
       ``(1) direct and indirect construction, replacement, and 
     renovation costs associated with or resulting from or 
     preparing for a major disaster or emergency;
       ``(2) faculty salaries and incentives for retaining 
     faculty; or
       ``(3) reimbursement for lost tuition and other revenues.
       ``(c) Application Requirements.--To be considered for a 
     loan under this section, an institution of higher education 
     shall--
       ``(1) submit a financial statement and other appropriate 
     data, documentation, or evidence requested by the Secretary 
     that indicates that the institution incurred losses resulting 
     from the impact of a major disaster or emergency and the 
     monetary amount of such losses; and
       ``(2) demonstrate that the institution attempted to 
     minimize the cost of any losses by pursuing collateral source 
     compensation from the Federal Emergency Management Agency and 
     insurance coverage prior to seeking a loan under this 
     section, except that an institution of higher education shall 
     not be required to receive collateral source compensation 
     from the Federal Emergency Management Agency and insurance 
     prior to being eligible for a loan under this section.
       ``(d) Audit.--The Secretary may audit a financial statement 
     submitted under subsection (c) and an institution of higher 
     education shall provide any information that the Secretary 
     determines necessary to conduct such an audit.
       ``(e) Reduction in Loan Amounts.--To determine the amount 
     of a loan to make available to an institution of higher 
     education under this section, the Secretary shall calculate 
     the monetary amount of losses incurred by such institution as 
     a result of a federally declared major disaster or emergency, 
     and shall reduce such amount by the amount of collateral 
     source compensation the institution has already received from 
     insurance, the Federal Emergency Management Agency, and the 
     Small Business Administration.
       ``(f) Establishment of Loan Program.--In order to disburse 
     loans under this section, the Secretary shall prescribe 
     regulations that--
       ``(1) establish the loan program, taking into consideration 
     the structure of existing capital financing loan programs 
     under this Act; and
       ``(2) that set forth--
       ``(A) terms for the loan program under this section;
       ``(B) procedures for an application for a loan under this 
     section; and
       ``(C) minimum requirements for the loan program and for 
     receiving a loan under this section, including the following:
       ``(i) Online forms to be used in submitting request for a 
     loan under this section.
       ``(ii) Information to be included in such forms.
       ``(iii) Procedures to assist in filing and pursing a loan 
     under this section.
       ``(g) Definitions.--In this section:
       ``(1) Institution affected by a gulf hurricane disaster.--
     The term `institution affected by a Gulf hurricane disaster' 
     means an institution of higher education that--
       ``(A) is located in an area affected by a Gulf hurricane 
     disaster; and
       ``(B) is able to demonstrate that the institution--
       ``(i) incurred physical damage resulting from the impact of 
     a Gulf hurricane disaster;
       ``(ii) was not able to fully reopen in existing facilities 
     or to fully reopen to the pre-hurricane levels for 30 days or 
     more on or after August 29, 2005.
       ``(2) Area affected by a gulf hurricane disaster; gulf 
     hurricane disaster.--The terms `area affected by a Gulf 
     hurricane disaster' and `Gulf hurricane disaster' have the 
     meanings given such terms in section 209 of the Higher 
     Education Hurricane Relief Act of 2005 (Public Law 109-148, 
     119 Stat. 2809).
       ``(3) Emergency.--The term `emergency' has the meaning 
     given such term in section 102(1) of the Robert T. Stafford 
     Disaster Relief and Emergency Assistance Act.
       ``(4) Institutions of higher education.--The term 
     `institution of higher education' has the meaning given such 
     term in section 101.
       ``(5) Major disaster.--The term `major disaster' has the 
     meaning given the term in section 102(2) of the Robert T. 
     Stafford Disaster Relief and Emergency Assistance Act.
       ``(h) Effective Date.--This section shall take effect on 
     the date of the enactment of the College Opportunity and 
     Affordability Act of 2007, and assistance provided to 
     institutions of higher education pursuant to this section 
     shall be available only with respect to federally declared 
     major disasters or emergencies that occur after the date of 
     the enactment of the College Opportunity and Affordability 
     Act of 2007, except in the case of an institution affected by 
     a Gulf hurricane disaster.

     ``SEC. 865. GUIDANCE ON MENTAL HEALTH DISCLOSURES FOR STUDENT 
                   SAFETY.

       ``Not later than 90 days after the date of enactment of the 
     College Opportunity and Affordability Act of 2007, the 
     Secretary shall provide guidance that clarifies the role of 
     institutions of higher education with respect to the 
     disclosure of education records, including to a parent or 
     legal guardian of a dependent student, in the event that such 
     student demonstrates that the student poses a significant 
     risk of harm to himself or herself or to others, including a 
     significant risk of suicide, homicide, or assault. Such 
     guidance shall further clarify that an institution of higher 
     education that, in good faith, discloses education records or 
     other information in accordance with the requirements of this 
     Act and the Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act of 1974 
     shall not be liable to any person for that disclosure.

 ``PART J--RURAL DEVELOPMENT GRANTS FOR RURAL COLLEGES AND UNIVERSITIES

     ``SEC. 871. PURPOSE.

       ``The purposes of this part are--
       ``(1) to increase--
       ``(A) enrollment and graduation rates from 2-year and 4-
     year colleges, and articulation from 2-year degree programs 
     into 4-year degree programs, of graduates of rural high 
     schools; and
       ``(B) degree completion for nontraditional students from 
     rural areas; and
       ``(2) to promote economic growth and development in rural 
     America through partnership grants to consortia of rural 
     colleges and universities and other entities, such as local 
     education agencies, employers, education service agencies, 
     and nonprofit organizations.

     ``SEC. 872. DEFINITIONS.

       ``For the purposes of this part:
       ``(1) Rural institution of higher education.--The term 
     `rural institution of higher education' means an institution 
     of higher education that primarily serves rural areas.
       ``(2) Rural area.--The term `rural area' means an area in 
     which there is located a rural local educational agency.
       ``(3) Rural local education agency.--The term `rural local 
     education agency' means a local educational agency (as such 
     term is defined in section 9101 of the Elementary and 
     Secondary Education Act of 1965) all of the schools of which 
     meet a metro-centric locale code of 41, 42, or 43 as 
     determined by the National Center for Education Statistics 
     (NCES), in conjunction with the Bureau of the Census, using 
     the NCES system for classifying local educational agencies.
       ``(4) Nontraditional student.--The term `nontraditional 
     student' means an individual who--
       ``(A) delays enrollment in an institution of higher 
     education by 3 or more years after completing high school;
       ``(B) attends an institution of higher education part-time 
     or less than part-time; or

[[Page H721]]

       ``(C) attends an institution of higher education and--
       ``(i) works full-time;
       ``(ii) is an independent student;
       ``(iii) has one or more dependents other than a spouse;
       ``(iv) is a single parent; or
       ``(v) does not have a high school diploma.
       ``(5) Regional employer.--The term `regional employer' 
     means employers qualifying as businesses or other entities 
     employing individuals within a rural area.

     ``SEC. 873. ENSURING COLLEGE ACCESS FOR RURAL HIGH SCHOOL 
                   GRADUATES.

       ``(a) Grants Authorized.--From the amounts appropriated to 
     carry out this part under section 800, the Secretary of 
     Education is authorized to make grants in accordance with 
     this section to partnerships formed between one or more rural 
     institution of higher education and any of the following 
     entities:
       ``(1) One or more rural local educational agencies.
       ``(2) One or more rural education service agencies.
       ``(3) One or more regional employers.
       ``(4) One or more nonprofit organizations with expertise in 
     rural education.
       ``(b) Eligible Partnerships; Applications.--To be eligible 
     for a grant under this section, a partnership that meets the 
     requirements of subsection (a) shall submit to the Secretary 
     an application in such form and containing such information 
     as the Secretary shall prescribe. In determining which 
     applications to approve for a grant under this section, the 
     Secretary shall consider--
       ``(1) the percentage of graduates, attendees, or former 
     attendees of high schools from rural local educational 
     agencies enrolled or otherwise affiliated with the entity;
       ``(2) in the case of employers, the percentage of employees 
     that are graduates of high schools in rural local educational 
     agencies.
       ``(c) Use of Grant Amounts.--Funds made available by a 
     grant under this section to a partnership that meets the 
     requirements of subsection (b) shall be used--
       ``(1) to improve enrollment rates for graduates and former 
     attendees of rural high schools at rural institutions of 
     higher education, including--
       ``(A) programs to provide information about college costs 
     and financial aid options, assistance with college enrollment 
     applications, and assistance with financial aid applications;
       ``(B) programs or initiatives that provide such graduates 
     or former attendees of rural high schools access and exposure 
     to campuses, classes, programs, and facilities of rural 
     institutions of higher education, including covering the cost 
     of transportation to and from institutions of higher 
     education;
       ``(C) the formation of groups or other initiatives that 
     create support groups of such students expressing interest in 
     attending rural institutions of higher education;
       ``(D) extracurricular activities, such as internships, 
     community service, and other activities for such individuals 
     in advance of attending institutions of higher education; and
       ``(E) other initiatives that assist such individuals in 
     applying and developing interest in attending rural 
     institutions of higher education; and
       ``(2) to encourage participation of nontraditional students 
     in degree programs at rural institutions of higher education, 
     including--
       ``(A) programs to provide information about college costs 
     and financial aid options, assistance with college enrollment 
     applications, and assistance with financial aid applications 
     for institutions of higher education;
       ``(B) outreach to nontraditional students through community 
     initiatives; and
       ``(C) formation of support groups for nontraditional 
     students enrolling in 2-year degree programs and articulating 
     from 2-year degree programs to 4-year degree programs.

     ``SEC. 874. ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT PARTNERSHIPS.

       ``(a) Grants Authorized.--From the amounts appropriated to 
     carry out this part under section 800, the Secretary of 
     Education is authorized to make grants in accordance with 
     this section to partnerships formed between one or more rural 
     institutions of higher education and one or more regional 
     employers.
       ``(b) Eligible Partnerships; Applications.--To be eligible 
     for a grant under this section, a partnership that meets the 
     requirements of subsection (a) shall submit to the Secretary 
     an application in such form and containing such information 
     as the Secretary shall prescribe. In determining which 
     applications to approve for a grant under this section, the 
     Secretary shall consider--
       ``(1) the potential of the employer to employ graduates of 
     rural institutions of higher education after graduation;
       ``(2) the potential of the employer engaged in the 
     partnership to spur economic development in the region; and
       ``(3) the relevance of the employer to the regional 
     economy.
       ``(c) Use of Grant Amounts.--Funds made available by a 
     grant under this section to a partnership that meets the 
     requirements of subsection (a) shall be used--
       ``(1) to provide additional career training to attendees of 
     rural institutions of higher education in fields relevant to 
     the regional economy; and
       ``(2) to encourage regional businesses to employ graduates 
     of rural institutions of higher education.

     ``SEC. 875. QUALITY OF LIFE IN RURAL AREAS.

       ``(a) Grants Authorized.--From the amounts appropriated to 
     carry out this part under section 800, the Secretary of 
     Education is authorized to make grants in accordance with 
     this section to rural institutions of higher education.
       ``(b) Use of Grant Amounts.--Funds made available by a 
     grant under this section to a partnership that meets the 
     requirements of subsection (a) shall be used to create or 
     strengthen academic programs to prepare graduates to enter 
     into high-need occupations in the regional and local 
     economies.

     ``SEC. 876. ALLOCATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

       ``(a) Grant Considerations.--In making grant allocations 
     under this part to qualifying institutions and partnerships, 
     the Secretary shall consider--
       ``(1) the percentage of graduates of rural high schools 
     attending rural institutions of higher education in proximity 
     to the entity receiving the grant;
       ``(2) employment needs of regional employers in proximity 
     to entities receiving the grant; and
       ``(3) the health of the regional economy of the region 
     surrounding the entity receiving the grant.
       ``(b) Maximum and Minimum Grants.--No grant awarded by the 
     Secretary under this part shall be less than $200,000 or more 
     than $500,000.
       ``(c) Grant Duration.--A grant awarded under this part 
     shall be awarded for one 3-year period.

 ``PART K--IMPROVING SCIENCE, TECHNOLOGY, ENGINEERING, AND MATHEMATICS 
  EDUCATION WITH A FOCUS ON ALASKA NATIVE AND NATIVE HAWAIIAN STUDENTS

     ``SEC. 880. IMPROVING SCIENCE, TECHNOLOGY, ENGINEERING, AND 
                   MATHEMATICS EDUCATION WITH A FOCUS ON ALASKA 
                   NATIVE AND NATIVE HAWAIIAN STUDENTS.

       ``(a) Purpose.--The purpose of this section is--
       ``(1) to develop or expand programs for the development of 
     professionals in the fields of science, technology, 
     engineering, and mathematics; and
       ``(2) to focus resources on meeting the educational and 
     cultural needs of Alaska Natives and Native Hawaiians.
       ``(b) Definitions.--In this section:
       ``(1) Alaska native.--The term `Alaska Native' has the 
     meaning given the term `Native' in section 3(b) of the Alaska 
     Natives Claims Settlement Act (43 U.S.C. 1602(b)).
       ``(2) Eligible partnership.--The term `eligible 
     partnership' means a partnership that includes--
       ``(A) 1 or more colleges or schools of engineering;
       ``(B) 1 or more colleges of science or mathematics;
       ``(C) 1 or more institutions of higher education that offer 
     2-year degrees; and
       ``(D) 1 or more private entities that--
       ``(i) conduct career awareness activities showcasing local 
     technology professionals;
       ``(ii) encourage students to pursue education in science, 
     technology, engineering, and mathematics from elementary 
     school through college, and careers in those fields, with the 
     assistance of local technology professionals;
       ``(iii) develop internships, apprenticeships, and mentoring 
     programs in partnership with relevant industries; and
       ``(iv) assist with placement of interns and apprentices.
       ``(3) Native hawaiian.--The term `Native Hawaiian' has the 
     meaning given the term in section 7207 of the Elementary and 
     Secondary Education Act of 1965.
       ``(c) Grant Authorized.--From the amounts appropriated to 
     carry out this part under section 800, the Secretary is 
     authorized to award a grant to an eligible partnership to 
     enable the eligible partnership to expand programs for the 
     development of science, technology, engineering, or 
     mathematics professionals, from elementary school through 
     college, including existing programs for Alaska Native and 
     Native Hawaiian students.
       ``(d) Uses of Funds.--Grant funds under this section shall 
     be used for 1 or more of the following:
       ``(1) Development or implementation of cultural, social, or 
     educational transition programs to assist students to 
     transition into college life and academics in order to 
     increase such students' retention rates in the fields of 
     science, technology, engineering, or mathematics, with a 
     focus on Alaska Native or Native Hawaiian students.
       ``(2) Development or implementation of academic support or 
     supplemental educational programs to increase the graduation 
     rates of students in the fields of science, technology, 
     engineering, or mathematics, with a focus on Alaska Native 
     and Native Hawaiian students.
       ``(3) Development or implementation of internship programs, 
     carried out in coordination with educational institutions and 
     private entities, to prepare students for careers in the 
     fields of science, technology, engineering, or mathematics, 
     with a focus on programs that serve Alaska Native or Native 
     Hawaiian students.
       ``(4) Such other activities as are consistent with the 
     purposes of this section.
       ``(e) Application.--Each eligible partnership that desires 
     a grant under this section shall submit an application to the 
     Secretary at such time, in such manner, and containing such 
     information as the Secretary may require.
       ``(f) Priority.--In awarding grants under this section, the 
     Secretary shall give priority to an eligible partnership that 
     provides 1 or more programs in which 30 percent or more of 
     the program participants are Alaska Native or Native 
     Hawaiian.
       ``(g) Period of Grant.--A grant under this section shall be 
     awarded for a period of 5 years.
       ``(h) Evaluation and Report.--Each eligible partnership 
     that receives a grant under this section shall conduct an 
     evaluation to determine the effectiveness of the programs 
     funded under the grant and shall provide a report regarding 
     the evaluation to the Secretary not later than 6 months after 
     the end of the grant period.

[[Page H722]]

   ``PART L--NATIONAL DATABASE ON FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE FOR STUDY OF 
           SCIENCE, TECHNOLOGY, ENGINEERING, AND MATHEMATICS

     ``SEC. 881. NATIONAL DATABASE ON FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE FOR 
                   STUDY OF SCIENCE, TECHNOLOGY, ENGINEERING, AND 
                   MATHEMATICS.

       ``(a) Establishment and Maintenance of Database.--
       ``(1) Database.--The Secretary of Education shall establish 
     and maintain, on the public website of the Department of 
     Education, a database consisting of information on 
     scholarships, fellowships, and other programs of financial 
     assistance available from public and private sources for the 
     study of science, technology, engineering, or mathematics at 
     the postsecondary and post baccalaureate levels.
       ``(2) Presentation of information.--The information 
     maintained on the database established under this section 
     shall be displayed on the website in the following manner:
       ``(A) Separate information shall be provided for each of 
     the fields of study referred to in paragraph (1) and for 
     postsecondary and post baccalaureate programs of financial 
     assistance.
       ``(B) The database shall provide specific information on 
     any programs of financial assistance which are targeted to 
     individuals of a particular gender, ethnicity, or other 
     demographic group.
       ``(C) If the sponsor of any program of financial assistance 
     included on the database maintains a public website, the 
     database shall provide hyperlinks to the website.
       ``(D) In addition to providing the hyperlink to the website 
     of a sponsor of a program of financial assistance as required 
     under subparagraph (C), the database shall provide general 
     information that an interested person may use to contact the 
     sponsor, including the sponsor's electronic mail address.
       ``(E) The database shall have a search capability which 
     permits an individual to search for information on the basis 
     of each category of the information provided and on the basis 
     of combinations of categories of the information provided, 
     including whether the scholarship is need- or merit-based and 
     by relevant academic majors.
       ``(F) The database shall include a recommendation that 
     students and families should carefully review all of the 
     application requirements prior to applying for aid, and a 
     disclaimer that the scholarships presented in the database 
     are not provided or endorsed by the Department of Education 
     or the Federal Government.
       ``(b) Dissemination of Information on Database.--The 
     Secretary shall take such actions as may be necessary on an 
     ongoing basis, including sending notices to secondary schools 
     and institutions of higher education, to disseminate 
     information on the database established and maintained under 
     this part and to encourage its use by interested parties.
       ``(c) Use of Vendor To Obtain Information.--In carrying out 
     this part, the Secretary of Education shall enter into a 
     contract with a private entity under which the entity shall 
     furnish and regularly update all of the information required 
     to be maintained on the database established under this 
     section.
       ``(d) Encouraging the Provision of Information.--In 
     carrying out this part, the Secretary of Education and the 
     contracted entity shall consult with public and private 
     sources of scholarships and make easily available a process 
     for such entities to provide regular and updated information.

                ``PART M--TRAINING FOR REALTIME WRITERS

     ``SEC. 882. PROGRAM TO PROMOTE TRAINING AND JOB PLACEMENT OF 
                   REALTIME WRITERS.

       ``(a) Authorization of Grant Program.--
       ``(1) In general.--From the amounts appropriated to carry 
     out this part under section 800, the Secretary of Commerce 
     shall make competitive grants to eligible entities under 
     subsection (b) to promote training and placement of 
     individuals, including individuals who have completed a court 
     reporting training program, as realtime writers in order to 
     meet the requirements for closed captioning of video 
     programming set forth in section 713 of the Communications 
     Act of 1934 (47 U.S.C. 613) and the rules prescribed 
     thereunder.
       ``(2) Eligible entities.--For purposes of this part, an 
     eligible entity is a court reporting program that--
       ``(A) can document and demonstrate to the Secretary of 
     Commerce that it meets minimum standards of educational and 
     financial accountability, with a curriculum capable of 
     training realtime writers qualified to provide captioning 
     services;
       ``(B) is accredited by an accrediting agency recognized by 
     the Department of Education; and
       ``(C) is participating in student aid programs under title 
     IV.
       ``(3) Priority in grants.--In determining whether to make 
     grants under this section, the Secretary of Commerce shall 
     give a priority to eligible entities that, as determined by 
     the Secretary--
       ``(A) possess the most substantial capability to increase 
     their capacity to train realtime writers;
       ``(B) demonstrate the most promising collaboration with 
     local educational institutions, businesses, labor 
     organizations, or other community groups having the potential 
     to train or provide job placement assistance to realtime 
     writers; or
       ``(C) propose the most promising and innovative approaches 
     for initiating or expanding training or job placement 
     assistance efforts with respect to realtime writers.
       ``(4) Duration of grant.--A grant under this section shall 
     be for a period of 2 years.
       ``(5) Maximum amount of grant.--The amount of a grant 
     provided under subsection (a) to an entity eligible may not 
     exceed $1,500,000 for the 2-year period of the grant under 
     paragraph (4).
       ``(b) Application.--
       ``(1) In general.--To receive a grant under subsection (a), 
     an eligible entity shall submit an application to the 
     Secretary of Commerce at such time and in such manner as the 
     secretary may require. The application shall contain the 
     information set forth under paragraph (2).
       ``(2) Information.--Information in the application of an 
     eligible entity under subsection (a) for a grant under 
     subsection (a) shall include the following:
       ``(A) A description of the training and assistance to be 
     funded using the grant amount, including how such training 
     and assistance will increase the number of realtime writers.
       ``(B) A description of performance measures to be utilized 
     to evaluate the progress of individuals receiving such 
     training and assistance in matters relating to enrollment, 
     completion of training, and job placement and retention.
       ``(C) A description of the manner in which the eligible 
     entity will ensure that recipients of scholarships, if any, 
     funded by the grant will be employed and retained as realtime 
     writers.
       ``(D) A description of the manner in which the eligible 
     entity intends to continue providing the training and 
     assistance to be funded by the grant after the end of the 
     grant period, including any partnerships or arrangements 
     established for that purpose.
       ``(E) A description of how the eligible entity will work 
     with local workforce investment boards to ensure that 
     training and assistance to be funded with the grant will 
     further local workforce goals, including the creation of 
     educational opportunities for individuals who are from 
     economically disadvantaged backgrounds or are displaced 
     workers.
       ``(F) Additional information, if any, of the eligibility of 
     the eligible entity for priority in the making of grants 
     under subsection (a)(3).
       ``(G) Such other information as the Secretary may require.
       ``(c) Use of Funds.--
       ``(1) In general.--An eligible entity receiving a grant 
     under subsection (a) shall use the grant amount for purposes 
     relating to the recruitment, training and assistance, and job 
     placement of individuals, including individuals who have 
     completed a court reporting training program, as realtime 
     writers, including--
       ``(A) recruitment;
       ``(B) subject to paragraph (2), the provision of 
     scholarships;
       ``(C) distance learning;
       ``(D) further developing and implementing both English and 
     Spanish curriculum to more effectively train realtime writing 
     skills, and education in the knowledge necessary for the 
     delivery of high-quality closed captioning services;
       ``(E) mentoring students to ensure successful completion of 
     the realtime training and provide assistance in job 
     placement;
       ``(F) encouraging individuals with disabilities to pursue a 
     career in realtime writing; and
       ``(G) the employment and payment of personnel for all such 
     purposes.
       ``(2) Scholarships.--
       ``(A) Amount.--The amount of a scholarship under paragraph 
     (1)(B) shall be based on the amount of need of the recipient 
     of the scholarship for financial assistance, as determined in 
     accordance with part F of title IV.
       ``(B) Agreement.--Each recipient of a scholarship under 
     paragraph (1)(B) shall enter into an agreement with the 
     school in which the recipient is enrolled to provide realtime 
     writing services for the purposes described in subsection 
     (a)(1) for a period of time appropriate (as determined by the 
     Secretary of Commerce or the Secretary's designee) for the 
     amount of the scholarship received.
       ``(C) Coursework and employment.--The Secretary of Commerce 
     or the Secretary's designee shall establish requirements for 
     coursework and employment for recipients of scholarships 
     under paragraph (1)(B), including requirements for repayment 
     of scholarship amounts in the event of failure to meet such 
     requirements for coursework and employment. Requirements for 
     repayment of scholarship amounts shall take into account the 
     effect of economic conditions on the capacity of scholarship 
     recipients to find work as realtime writers.
       ``(3) Administrative costs.--The recipient of a grant under 
     this section may not use more than 5 percent of the grant 
     amount to pay administrative costs associated with activities 
     funded by the grant. The Secretary of Commerce shall use not 
     more than 5 percent of the amount available for grants under 
     this part in any fiscal year for administrative costs of the 
     program.
       ``(4) Supplement not supplant.--Grants amounts under this 
     part shall supplement and not supplant other Federal or non-
     Federal funds of the grant recipient for purposes of 
     promoting the training and placement of individuals as 
     realtime writers.
       ``(d) Reports.--
       ``(1) Annual reports.--Each eligible entity receiving a 
     grant under subsection (a) shall submit to the Secretary of 
     Commerce, at the end of each year of the grant period, a 
     report on the activities of such entity with respect to the 
     use of grant amounts during such year.
       ``(2) Report information.--
       ``(A) In general.--Each report of an entity for a year 
     under paragraph (1) shall include a description of the use of 
     grant amounts by the entity during such year, including an 
     assessment by the entity of the effectiveness of activities 
     carried out using such funds in increasing the number of 
     realtime writers. The assessment shall utilize the 
     performance measures submitted by the entity in the 
     application for the grant under subsection (b)(2).
       ``(B) Final report.--The final report of an entity on a 
     grant under paragraph (1) shall include a description of the 
     best practices identified by the entity as a result of the 
     grant for increasing the number of individuals who are

[[Page H723]]

     trained, employed, and retained in employment as realtime 
     writers.
       ``(3) Annual review.--The Inspector General of the 
     Department of Commerce shall conduct an annual review of the 
     management, efficiency, and effectiveness of the grants made 
     under this part.

      ``PART N--CENTERS OF EXCELLENCE FOR VETERAN STUDENT SUCCESS

     ``SEC. 883. MODEL PROGRAMS FOR CENTERS OF EXCELLENCE FOR 
                   VETERAN STUDENT SUCCESS.

       ``(a) Purpose.--It is the purpose of this section to 
     encourage model programs to support veteran student success 
     in postsecondary education by coordinating services to 
     address the academic, financial, physical, and social needs 
     of veteran students.
       ``(b) Grants Authorized.--
       ``(1) In general.--Subject to the availability of 
     appropriations under section 800, the Secretary shall award 
     grants to institutions of higher education to develop model 
     programs to support veteran student success in postsecondary 
     education.
       ``(2) Grant period.--A grant awarded under this section 
     shall be awarded for a period of 3 years.
       ``(c) Use of Grants.--
       ``(1) Required activities.--An institution of higher 
     education receiving a grant under this section shall use such 
     grant to carry out a model program that includes--
       ``(A) establishing of a Center of Excellence for Veteran 
     Student Success on the campus of the institution to provide a 
     single point of contact to coordinate comprehensive support 
     services for veteran students;
       ``(B) establishing a veteran students support team, 
     including representatives from the offices of the institution 
     responsible for admissions, registration, financial aid, 
     veterans benefits, academic advising, student health, 
     personal or mental health counseling, career advising, 
     disabilities services, and any other office of the 
     institution that provides support to veteran students on 
     campus;
       ``(C) providing a full-time or part-time coordinator whose 
     primary responsibility is to coordinate the model program 
     carried out under this section;
       ``(D) monitoring the rates of veteran student enrollment, 
     persistence, and completion; and
       ``(E) developing a plan to sustain the Center of Excellence 
     for Veteran Student Success after the grant period.
       ``(2) Other authorized activities.--An institution of 
     higher education receiving a grant under this section may use 
     such grant to carry out any of the following activities with 
     respect to veteran students:
       ``(A) Outreach and recruitment of such students.
       ``(B) Supportive instructional services for such students, 
     which may include--
       ``(i) personal, academic, and career counseling, as an on-
     going part of the program;
       ``(ii) tutoring and academic skill-building instruction 
     assistance, as needed; and
       ``(iii) assistance with special admissions and transfer of 
     credit from previous postsecondary education or experience.
       ``(C) Assistance in obtaining student financial aid.
       ``(D) Housing support for students living in institutional 
     facilities and commuting students.
       ``(E) Cultural events, academic programs, orientation 
     programs, and other activities designed to ease the 
     transition to campus life for such students.
       ``(F) Support for veteran student organizations and veteran 
     student support groups on campus.
       ``(G) Coordination of academic advising and admissions 
     counseling with military bases and national guard units in 
     the area.
       ``(H) Other support services the institution determines to 
     be necessary to ensure the success of such students in 
     achieving their educational and career goals.
       ``(d) Application; Selection.--
       ``(1) Application.--To be considered for a grant under this 
     section, an institution of higher education shall submit to 
     the Secretary an application at such time, in such manner, 
     and accompanied by such information as the Secretary may 
     require.
       ``(2) Selection considerations.--In awarding grants under 
     this section, the Secretary shall consider--
       ``(A) the number of veteran students enrolled at an 
     institution of higher education; and
       ``(B) the need for model programs to address the needs of 
     veteran students at a wide range of institutions of higher 
     education, including the need to provide--
       ``(i) an equitable distribution of such grants to 
     institutions of higher education of various types and sizes;
       ``(ii) an equitable geographic distribution of such grants; 
     and
       ``(iii) an equitable distribution of such grants among 
     rural and urban areas.
       ``(e) Evaluation and Accountability Plan.--The Secretary 
     shall develop an evaluation and accountability plan for model 
     programs funded under this section to objectively measure the 
     impact of such programs, including a measure of whether 
     postsecondary education enrollment, persistence, and 
     completion for veterans increases as a result of such 
     programs.

              ``PART O--UNIVERSITY SUSTAINABILITY PROGRAMS

              ``Subpart 1--Sustainability Planning Grants

     ``SEC. 884. GRANTS AUTHORIZED.

       ``(a) Program Authorized.--
       ``(1) In general.--From the amounts appropriated to carry 
     out this part under section 800, the Secretary shall make 
     grants to eligible entities to establish sustainability 
     programs to design and implement sustainability practices, 
     including in the areas of energy management, green building, 
     waste management, purchasing, transportation, and toxics 
     management, and other aspects of sustainability that 
     integrate campus operations with multidisciplinary academic 
     programs and are applicable to the private and government 
     sectors.
       ``(2) Period of grant.--The provision of payments under a 
     grant under paragraph (1) may extend over a period of not 
     more than 4 fiscal years.
       ``(3) Definition of eligible entities.--For purposes of 
     this part, the term `eligible entity' means--
       ``(A) an institution of higher education that grants 2 or 
     4-year undergraduate degrees, or masters and doctoral 
     degrees, or both; or
       ``(B) a non-profit consortia, association, alliance, or 
     collaboration operating in partnership with one or more 
     institutions of higher education that received funds for the 
     implementation of work associated with sustainability 
     programs under this part.
       ``(b) Applications.--
       ``(1) In general.--To receive a grant under subsection 
     (a)(1), an eligible entity shall submit an application to the 
     Secretary at such time, in such form, and containing such 
     information as the Secretary may reasonably require.
       ``(2) Assurances.--Such application shall include 
     assurances that the eligible entity--
       ``(A) has developed or shall develop a plan, including an 
     evaluation component, for the program component established 
     pursuant to subsection (c);
       ``(B) shall use Federal funds received from a grant under 
     subsection (a) to supplement, not supplant, non-Federal funds 
     that would otherwise be available for projects funded under 
     such section;
       ``(C) shall provide, with respect to any fiscal year in 
     which such entity receives funds from a grant under 
     subsection (a)(1), non-Federal funds or an in-kind 
     contribution in an amount equal to 20 percent of funds from 
     such grant, for the purpose of carrying out the program 
     component established in subsection (c); and
       ``(D) shall collaborate with business, government, and the 
     nonprofit sectors in the development and implementation of 
     its sustainability plan.
       ``(c) Use of Funds.--
       ``(1) Individual institutions.--Grants made under 
     subsection (a) may be used by an eligible entity that is an 
     individual institution of higher education for the following 
     purposes:
       ``(A) To develop and implement administrative and 
     operations practices at institutions of higher education that 
     test, model, and analyze principles of sustainability.
       ``(B) To establish multidisciplinary education, research, 
     and outreach programs at institutions of higher education 
     that address the environmental, social, and economic 
     dimensions of sustainability.
       ``(C) To support research and teaching initiatives that 
     focus on multidisciplinary and integrated environmental, 
     economic, and social elements.
       ``(D) To establish initiatives in the areas of energy 
     management, green building, waste management, purchasing, 
     toxics management, transportation, and other aspects of 
     sustainability.
       ``(E) To support student, faculty, and staff work at 
     institutions of higher education to implement, research, and 
     evaluate sustainable practices.
       ``(F) To establish sustainability literacy as a requirement 
     for undergraduate and graduate degree programs.
       ``(G) To integrate sustainability curriculum in all 
     programs of instruction, particularly in business, 
     architecture, technology, manufacturing, engineering, and 
     science programs.
       ``(2) Partnerships.--Grants made under subsection (a) may 
     be used by an eligible entity that is a non-profit consortia, 
     association, alliance, or collaboration operating as a 
     partnership with one or more institutions of higher education 
     for the following purposes:
       ``(A) To conduct faculty, staff and administrator training 
     on the subjects of sustainability and institutional change.
       ``(B) To compile, evaluate, and disseminate best practices, 
     case studies, guidelines and standards.
       ``(C) To conduct efforts to engage external stakeholders 
     such as business, alumni, and accrediting agencies in the 
     process of building support for research, education, and 
     technology development for sustainability.
       ``(D) To conduct professional development programs for 
     faculty in all disciplines to enable faculty to incorporate 
     sustainability content in their courses.
       ``(E) To enable an appropriate non-profit consortia, 
     association, alliance, or collaboration operating in 
     partnership with an institution of higher education to create 
     the analytical tools necessary for institutions of higher 
     education to assess and measure their individual progress 
     toward fully sustainable campus operations and fully 
     integrating sustainability into the curriculum.
       ``(F) To develop educational benchmarks for institutions of 
     higher education to determine the necessary rigor and 
     effectiveness of academic sustainability programs.
       ``(d) Reports.--An eligible entity that receives a grant 
     under subsection (a) shall submit to the Secretary, for each 
     fiscal year in which the entity receives amounts from such 
     grant, a report that describes the work conducted pursuant to 
     subsection (c), research findings and publications, 
     administrative savings experienced, and an evaluation of the 
     program.
       ``(e) Allocation Requirement.--The Secretary may not make 
     grants under subsection (a) to any eligible entity in a total 
     amount that is less than $250,000 or more than $2,000,000.

[[Page H724]]

                 ``Subpart 2--Summit on Sustainability

     ``SEC. 885. SUMMIT ON SUSTAINABILITY.

       ``Not later than September 30, 2008, the Secretary of 
     Education shall convene a summit of higher education experts 
     working in the area of sustainable operations and programs, 
     representatives from agencies of the Federal Government, and 
     business and industry leaders to focus on efforts of national 
     distinction that--
       ``(1) encourage faculty, staff, and students at 
     institutions of higher education to establish administrative 
     and academic sustainability programs on campus;
       ``(2) enhance research by faculty and students at 
     institutions of higher education in sustainability practices 
     and innovations that assist and improve sustainability;
       ``(3) encourage institutions of higher education to work 
     with community partners from the business, government, and 
     nonprofit sectors to design and implement sustainability 
     programs for application in the community and workplace;
       ``(4) identify opportunities for partnerships involving 
     institutions of higher education and the Federal Government 
     to expand sustainable operations and academic programs 
     focused on environmental and economic sustainability; and
       ``(5) charge the summit participants or steering committee 
     to submit a set of recommendations for addressing 
     sustainability through institutions of higher education.

               ``PART P--MODELING AND SIMULATION PROGRAMS

     ``SEC. 886. MODELING AND SIMULATION.

       ``(a) Purpose; Definition.--
       ``(1) Purpose.--The purpose of this section is to promote 
     the study of modeling and simulation at institutions of 
     higher education, through the collaboration with new and 
     existing programs, and specifically to promote the use of 
     technology in such study through the creation of accurate 
     models that can simulate processes or recreate real life, 
     by--
       ``(A) establishing a task force at the Department of 
     Education to raise awareness of and define the study of 
     modeling and simulation;
       ``(B) providing grants to institutions of higher education 
     to develop new modeling and simulation degree programs; and
       ``(C) providing grants for institutions of higher education 
     to enhance existing modeling and simulation degree programs.
       ``(2) Definition.--In this section, the term `modeling and 
     simulation' means a field of study related to the application 
     of computer science and mathematics to develop a level of 
     understanding of the interaction of the parts of a system and 
     of a system as a whole.
       ``(b) Establishment of Task Force.--
       ``(1) In general.--Subject to the availability of 
     appropriations, the Secretary shall establish a taskforce 
     within the Department of Education to study modeling and 
     simulation and to support the development of the modeling and 
     simulation field. The activities of such taskforce shall 
     include--
       ``(A) helping to define the study of modeling and 
     simulation (including the content of modeling and simulation 
     classes and programs);
       ``(B) identifying best practices for such study;
       ``(C) identifying core knowledge and skills that 
     individuals who participate in modeling and simulation 
     programs should acquire; and
       ``(D) providing recommendations to the Secretary with 
     respect to--
       ``(i) the information described in subparagraphs (A) 
     through (C); and
       ``(ii) a system by which grants under this section will be 
     distributed.
       ``(2) Taskforce membership.--The membership of the 
     taskforce under this subsection shall be composed of 
     representatives from--
       ``(A) institutions of higher education with established 
     modeling and simulation degree programs;
       ``(B) the National Science Foundation;
       ``(C) Federal Government agencies that use modeling and 
     simulation extensively, including the Department of Defense, 
     the National Institute of Health, the Department of Homeland 
     Security, the Department of Health and Human Services, the 
     Department of Energy, and the Department of Transportation;
       ``(D) private industries with a primary focus on modeling 
     and simulation; and
       ``(E) national modeling and simulation organizations.
       ``(c) Enhancing Modeling and Simulation at Institutions of 
     Higher Education.--
       ``(1) Enhancement grants authorized.--
       ``(A) In general.--The Secretary is authorized to award 
     grants, on a competitive basis, to eligible institutions to 
     enhance modeling and simulation degree programs at such 
     eligible institutions.
       ``(B) Duration of grant.--A grant awarded under this 
     subsection shall be awarded for a 3-year period, and such 
     grant period may be extended for not more than 2 years if the 
     Secretary determines that an eligible institution has 
     demonstrated success in enhancing the modeling and simulation 
     degree program at such eligible institution.
       ``(C) Minimum grant amount.--Subject to the availability of 
     appropriations, a grant awarded to an eligible institution 
     under this subsection shall not be less than $750,000.
       ``(D) Non-federal share.--Each eligible institution 
     receiving a grant under this subsection shall provide, from 
     non-Federal sources, in cash or in kind, an amount equal to 
     25 percent of the amount of the grant to carry out the 
     activities supported by the grant. The Secretary may waive 
     the non-Federal share requirement under this subparagraph for 
     an eligible institution if the Secretary determines a waiver 
     to be appropriate based on the financial ability of the 
     institution.
       ``(2) Eligible institutions.--For the purposes of this 
     subsection, an eligible institution is an institution of 
     higher education that--
       ``(A) has an established modeling and simulation degree 
     program, including a major, minor, or career-track program; 
     or
       ``(B) has an established modeling and simulation 
     certificate or concentration program.
       ``(3) Application.--To be considered for a grant under this 
     subsection, an eligible institution shall submit to the 
     Secretary an application at such time, in such manner, and 
     containing such information as the Secretary may require. 
     Such application shall include--
       ``(A) a letter from the president or provost of the 
     eligible institution that demonstrates the institution's 
     commitment to the enhancement of the modeling and simulation 
     program at the institution of higher education;
       ``(B) an identification of designated faculty responsible 
     for the enhancement of the institution's modeling and 
     simulation program; and
       ``(C) a detailed plan for how the grant funds will be used 
     to enhance the modeling and simulation program of the 
     institution.
       ``(4) Uses of funds.--A grant awarded under this subsection 
     shall be used by an eligible institution to carry out the 
     plan developed in accordance with paragraph (3)(C) to enhance 
     modeling and simulation programs at the institution, which 
     may include--
       ``(A) in the case of an institution that is eligible under 
     paragraph (2)(B), activities to assist in the establishment 
     of a major, minor, or career-track modeling and simulation 
     program at the eligible institution;
       ``(B) expanding the multi-disciplinary nature of the 
     institution's modeling and simulation programs;
       ``(C) recruiting students into the field of modeling and 
     simulation through the provision of fellowships or 
     assistantships;
       ``(D) creating new courses to compliment existing courses 
     and reflect emerging developments in the modeling and 
     simulation field;
       ``(E) conducting research to support new methodologies and 
     techniques in modeling and simulation; and
       ``(F) purchasing equipment necessary for modeling and 
     simulation programs.
       ``(d) Establishing Modeling and Simulation Programs.--
       ``(1) Establishment grants authorized.--
       ``(A) In general.--The Secretary is authorized to award 
     grants to institutions of higher education to establish a 
     modeling and simulation program, including a major, minor, 
     career-track, certificate, or concentration program.
       ``(B) Duration of grant.--A grant awarded under this 
     subsection shall be awarded for a 3-year period, and such 
     grant period may be extended for not more than 2 years if the 
     Secretary determines that an eligible institution has 
     demonstrated success in establishing a modeling and 
     simulation degree program at such eligible institution.
       ``(C) Minimum grant amount.--Subject to the availability of 
     appropriations, a grant awarded to an eligible institution 
     under this subsection shall not be less than $750,000.
       ``(D) Non-federal share.--Each eligible institution 
     receiving a grant under this subsection shall provide, from 
     non-Federal sources, in cash or in kind, an amount equal to 
     25 percent of the amount of the grant to carry out the 
     activities supported by the grant. The Secretary may waive 
     the non-Federal share requirement under this subparagraph for 
     an eligible institution if the Secretary determines a waiver 
     to be appropriate based on the financial ability of the 
     institution.
       ``(2) Application.--To apply for a grant under this 
     subsection, an eligible institution shall submit to the 
     Secretary an application at such time, in such manner, and 
     containing such information as the Secretary may require. 
     Such application shall include--
       ``(A) a letter from the president or provost of the 
     eligible institution that demonstrates the institution's 
     commitment to the establishment of a modeling and simulation 
     program at the institution of higher education;
       ``(B) a detailed plan for how the grant funds will be used 
     to establish a modeling and simulation program at the 
     institution; and
       ``(C) a description of how the modeling and simulation 
     program established under this subsection will complement 
     existing programs and fit in to the institution's current 
     program and course offerings.
       ``(3) Uses of funds.--A grant awarded under this subsection 
     may be used by an eligible institution to--
       ``(A) establish, or work toward the establishment of, a 
     modeling and simulation program, including a major, minor, 
     career-track, certificate, or concentration program at the 
     eligible institution;
       ``(B) provide adequate staffing to ensure the successful 
     establishment of the modeling and simulation program, which 
     may include the assignment of full-time dedicated or 
     supportive faculty; and
       ``(C) purchasing equipment necessary for a modeling and 
     simulation program.
       ``(e) Authorization of Appropriations.--There are 
     authorized to be appropriated to carry out this section 
     $40,000,000 for fiscal year 2009 and such sums as may be 
     necessary for each of the 4 succeeding fiscal years. Of the 
     amounts authorized to be appropriated for each fiscal year--
       ``(1) $1,000,000 is authorized to carry out the activities 
     of the task force established pursuant to subsection (b); and
       ``(2) of the amount remaining after the allocation for 
     paragraph (1)--
       ``(A) 50 percent is authorized to carry out the grant 
     program under subsection (c); and
       ``(B) 50 percent is authorized to carry out the grant 
     program under subsection (d).

               ``PART Q--BUSINESS WORKFORCE PARTNERSHIPS

     ``SEC. 887. GRANTS TO CREATE BUSINESS WORKFORCE PARTNERSHIPS.

       ``(a) Purpose and Authorization.--

[[Page H725]]

       ``(1) Purpose.--The purpose of this section is to provide 
     grants to institutions of higher education partnering with 
     employers to strengthen ties between college degree credit 
     offerings and business and industry workforce needs, and 
     expand opportunities for worksite learning.
       ``(2) Authorization of program.--The Secretary shall award 
     grants, on a competitive basis, to eligible partnerships for 
     the purposes of creating business and industry workforce 
     partnerships.
       ``(b) Definition of Business and Industry Workforce 
     Partnership.--
       ``(1) In general.--For purposes of this section, the term 
     `business and industry workforce partnership' means a 
     partnership between an institution of higher education and--
       ``(A) an employer or group of employers, or a local board 
     (as such term is defined in section 101 of the Workforce 
     Investment Act of 1998), or both; and
       ``(B) labor organizations, where applicable, that represent 
     workers locally in the businesses or industries that are the 
     focus of the partnership, including as a result of such 
     organization's representation of employees at a worksite at 
     which the partnership proposes to conduct activities under 
     this section.
       ``(2) Exception.--In the case of a State that does not 
     operate local boards, paragraph (1)(A) shall be applied by 
     substituting `State board' for `local board'.
       ``(c) Application.--A business and industry workforce 
     partnership seeking a grant under this section shall submit 
     an application to the Secretary at such time, in such manner, 
     and containing such information as the Secretary may require.
       ``(d) Priority for Applications Focused on Serving 
     Nontraditional Students.--The Secretary shall give priority 
     to applications focused on serving nontraditional students 
     who are independent, as defined in section 480(d), do not 
     already have a bachelor's degree, and who have one or more of 
     the following characteristics:
       ``(1) Are the first generation in their family to attend 
     college.
       ``(2) Have delayed enrollment in college.
       ``(3) Have dependents.
       ``(e) Peer Review.--The Secretary shall convene a peer 
     review process, which shall include individuals knowledgeable 
     about workforce education for working adults, to review 
     applications for grants under this section, and make 
     recommendations to the Secretary on the selection of grant 
     recipients.
       ``(f) Mandatory Activities.--A partnership that receives a 
     grant under this section shall use the grant funds to carry 
     out all of the following activities:
       ``(1) Identify high demand occupations in the regional 
     labor market which offer or can lead to high wages, in 
     coordination with the State employment security agency funded 
     under the Wagner-Peyser Act.
       ``(2) Develop linked career and educational pathways for 
     those occupations and related ones, including, where 
     appropriate, pathways involving registered apprenticeships.
       ``(3) Consult with employers offering jobs in occupations 
     identified under paragraph (1) to determine workforce 
     development needs.
       ``(4) Consult with labor organizations representing workers 
     locally in the occupations identified in paragraph (1), where 
     applicable.
       ``(5) Identify existing college degree credit offerings or 
     create new degree credit offerings that prepare students to 
     meet business and industry workforce needs, including 
     offerings connected to registered apprenticeship programs.
       ``(g) Permissible Activities.--A partnership that receives 
     a grant under this section may use the grant funds to carry 
     out one or more of the following activities:
       ``(1) In consultation with faculty in the appropriate 
     departments, adapt college offerings identified and created 
     under subsection (f)(5) to the schedules and needs of working 
     students, such as by creating evening, weekend, modular, 
     compressed, or distance learning formats, enrolling students 
     in learning communities, or other relevant innovations.
       ``(2) Create bridge programs that prepare students with 
     lower skills or limited English proficiency to enter the 
     college offerings identified or created under subsection 
     (f)(5).
       ``(3) Expand worksite learning opportunities.
       ``(4) Other activities that the institution and the 
     Secretary deem appropriate to carry out the purposes of this 
     program.
       ``(h) Grant Period.--Grants made under this section shall 
     be for a period of at least 36 months and not more than 60 
     months.
       ``(i) Technical Assistance.--The Secretary shall provide 
     technical assistance to grantees under this section 
     throughout the grant period.
       ``(j) Evaluation.--The Secretary shall conduct an 
     evaluation of the effectiveness of the program under this 
     section and disseminate the findings of such evaluation, as 
     well as information on promising practices developed under 
     this section.
       ``(k) Report to Congress.--Not less than 36 months after 
     the first grant is awarded under this section, the Secretary, 
     jointly with the Secretary of Labor, shall report to Congress 
     on:
       ``(1) Changes to the Higher Education Act and related Acts, 
     such as the Perkins Vocational and Technical Education Act 
     and the Workforce Investment Act (both Title I and Title II), 
     that would help create and sustain business and industry 
     workforce partnerships at colleges.
       ``(2) Other changes to the Higher Education Act and related 
     Acts, such as the Perkins Vocational and Technical Education 
     Act and the Workforce Investment Act, that would more 
     generally strengthen the links between business and industry 
     workforce needs, workforce development programs, and other 
     college degree credit offerings.''.

     SEC. 802. SENSE OF THE CONGRESS; REPORT.

       (a) Sense of Congress.--It is the sense of the Congress 
     that--
       (1) in order to provide the borrowers of Federal student 
     loans with the option of converting their loans to income 
     contingent repayment by providing direct loans for the 
     discharge of such loans (in this section referred to as 
     ``direct IDEA loans''), the Secretary of Education and the 
     Secretary of the Treasury will work together to develop a 
     process by which the borrower will make payments on such loan 
     using the income tax withholding system and will make 
     appropriate adjustments to his or her withholding or 
     estimated tax payments for such purposes;
       (2) the Secretaries should determine--
       (A) whether such a repayment option would be beneficial to 
     borrowers and taxpayers; and
       (B) how such program would be implemented by the 
     Departments of Education and Treasury; and
       (3) this process would--
       (A) streamline the repayment process and provide greater 
     flexibility for borrowers electing to use the direct IDEA 
     loan;
       (B) significantly reduce the number of loan defaults by 
     borrowers; and
       (C) significantly reduce the redundancy in reporting 
     information pertaining to income contingent repayment to the 
     Department of Education, institutions, and applicants.
       (b) Report.--The Secretaries of Education and the Treasury 
     shall, within one year after the date of enactment of this 
     Act--
       (1) provide the Congress with information on the progress 
     in devising the direct IDEA loan with income contingent 
     repayment using the income tax withholding system;
       (2) inform the Congress of any necessary statutory changes 
     for the purpose of establishing a direct IDEA loan with 
     income contingent repayment using the income tax withholding 
     system; and
       (3) consider international programs demonstrating 
     implementation of income contingent repayment collected 
     through revenue services, such as programs in England, 
     Australia, and New Zealand.

     SEC. 803. INDEPENDENT EVALUATION OF DISTANCE EDUCATION 
                   PROGRAMS.

       (a) Independent Evaluation.--The Secretary of Education 
     shall enter into an agreement with the National Academy of 
     Sciences to conduct a scientifically correct and 
     statistically valid evaluation of the quality of distance 
     education programs, as compared to campus-based education 
     programs, at institutions of higher education. Such 
     evaluation shall include--
       (1) identification of the elements by which the quality of 
     distance education, as compared to campus-based education, 
     can be assessed, including elements such as subject matter, 
     interactivity, and student outcomes;
       (2) identification of distance and campus-based education 
     program success, with respect to student achievement, in 
     relation to the mission of the institution of higher 
     education; and
       (3) identification of the types of students (including 
     classification of types of students based on student age) who 
     most benefit from distance education programs, the types of 
     students who most benefit from campus-based education 
     programs, and the types of students who do not benefit from 
     distance education programs, by assessing elements including 
     access to higher education, job placement rates, 
     undergraduate graduation rates, and graduate and professional 
     degree attainment rates.
       (b) Scope.--The National Academy of Sciences shall select 
     for participation in the evaluation under subsection (a) a 
     diverse group of institutions of higher education with 
     respect to size, mission, and geographic distribution.
       (c) Interim and Final Reports.--The agreement under 
     subsection (a) shall require that the National Academy of 
     Sciences submit to the authorizing committees (as such term 
     is defined in section 103 of the Higher Education Act of 1965 
     (20 U.S.C. 1003)--
       (1) an interim report regarding the evaluation under 
     subsection (a) not later than December 31, 2008; and
       (2) a final report regarding such evaluation not later than 
     December 31, 2010.

     SEC. 804. ENCOURAGING COLLEGES AND UNIVERSITIES TO ``GO 
                   GREEN''.

       (a) Findings.--The Committee on Education and Labor of the 
     House of Representatives makes the following findings:
       (1) A commitment to and academic programs for environmental 
     and economic sustainability are essential for our Nation's 
     future prosperity.
       (2) The more than 4,200 higher education institutions in 
     the United States have the capacity to innovatively leverage 
     spending and change consumption patterns by incorporating 
     concepts of sustainability into their academic programs and 
     by modeling sustainable economic and environmental practices 
     for their communities.
       (3) Many colleges and universities have interdisciplinary 
     programs or centers focusing on equipping students with the 
     academic content knowledge needed to understand concepts of 
     sustainability and ``going green''.
       (4) Many colleges and universities have programs related to 
     the research of sustainability and sustainable systems.
       (5) Academic programs related to sustainability vary in 
     rigor because no national education content standards for 
     academic sustainability programs currently exist.
       (6) Colleges and universities may partner with businesses 
     to encourage students and faculty to translate academic 
     learning and research into practical solutions that promote 
     sustainability.
       (7) Colleges and universities that make an effort to reduce 
     energy consumption and promote environmental sustainability 
     not only reduce their own emissions, but also motivate the 
     leaders of the next generation to action and create technical 
     skills and resources to develop innovative solutions.

[[Page H726]]

       (8) Many colleges and universities have undertaken 
     detailed, campus-wide assessments of their progress toward 
     ``going green'' and sustainability or have measured their 
     progress in specific sectors, such as operations, or specific 
     parameters, such as recycling, energy, and water consumption.
       (9) No system that evaluates and compares college and 
     university campuses in terms of overall sustainability-
     related academic programs and practices currently exists.
       (b) Sense of the Committee on Education and Labor.--It is 
     the sense of the Committee on Education and Labor that in 
     order to encourage increased public awareness of the need to 
     ``go green'' by using sustainable economic and environmental 
     practices and rigorous sustainability academic programs on 
     college and university campuses, the following should be 
     encouraged:
       (1) The development of educational standards by 
     institutions of higher education to determine the necessary 
     rigor and effectiveness of academic sustainability programs.
       (2) Public awareness of the need for ``going green'' by 
     using sustainable economic and environmental practices.
       (3) Non-governmental efforts to improve economic and 
     environmental sustainability efforts on college and 
     university campuses, including holding national summits to 
     share best practices.
       (4) Collaborative partnerships between Federal agencies, 
     businesses, universities and communities to broaden 
     sustainability practices.

     SEC. 805. STUDY OF COSTS OF ENVIRONMENTAL, HEALTH, AND SAFETY 
                   STANDARDS.

       (a) Study.--The Secretary of Education shall commission the 
     National Research Council to conduct a national study to 
     determine the viability of developing and implementing 
     standards in environmental, health, and safety areas to 
     provide for differential regulation of industrial 
     laboratories and facilities, on the one hand, and research 
     and teaching laboratories on the other. The National Research 
     Council shall make specific recommendations for statutory and 
     regulatory changes that are needed to develop such a 
     differential approach.
       (b) Report.--The Secretary of Education shall submit the 
     list of those regulations that impose the greatest compliance 
     costs on institutions of higher education and make 
     recommendations for statutory changes to ease the compliance 
     burden to the authorizing committees (as such term is defined 
     in section 103 of the Higher Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 
     1003).

     SEC. 806. STUDY OF MINORITY MALE ACADEMIC ACHIEVEMENT.

       (a) Study Required.--The Secretary of Education shall--
       (1) commission and ensure the conduct of a national study 
     of underrepresented minority males, particularly African 
     American and Hispanic American males, completing high school, 
     and entering and graduating from colleges and universities in 
     accordance with the following:
       (A) the data comprising the study shall focus primarily on 
     African American and Hispanic American males and will utilize 
     existing data sources;
       (B) the study shall focus on high school completion and 
     preparation for college, success on the SAT and ACT, and 
     minority male access to college, including the financing of 
     college, and college persistence and graduation; and
       (C) the implementation of the study shall be in four stages 
     based on the recommendations of the Commissioner of Education 
     Statistics; and
       (2) make specific recommendations to the Congress and State 
     superintendents of education on new approaches to increase--
       (A) the number of minority males successfully preparing 
     themselves for college study;
       (B) the number of minority males graduating from high 
     school and entering college; and
       (C) the number of minority males graduating from college 
     and entering careers in which they are underrepresented.
       (b) Submission of the Report.--Not later than 4 years after 
     the date of enactment of this section, the Secretary shall 
     submit a report on the study required by subsection (a)(1), 
     together with the recommendations required by subsection 
     (a)(2), to the authorizing committees (as such term is 
     defined in section 103 of the Higher Education Act of 1965 
     (20 U.S.C. 1003)).

     SEC. 807. STUDY ON BIAS IN STANDARDIZED TESTS.

       (a) Study.--The Comptroller General shall conduct a study 
     to identify any race, ethnicity, and gender biases present in 
     the design of standardized tests that are used for admission 
     to institutions of higher education.
       (b) Data Available to the Public.--Any data collected and 
     used for the study under subsection (a) shall be made 
     publicly available, except that such data shall not be made 
     available in any manner that reveals personally identifiable 
     information relating to any individual.
       (c) Report.--Not later than one year after date of the 
     enactment of this Act, the Comptroller General shall issue an 
     interim report to the authorizing committees (as defined in 
     section 103 of the Higher Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 
     1003)) related to the progress of the study under subsection 
     (a).

     SEC. 808. FEASIBILITY STUDY ON STUDENT LOANS.

       (a) Study Required.--The Congressional Budget Office shall 
     conduct a study on the feasibility of allowing borrowers in 
     repayment of student loans made under the Higher Education 
     Act of 1965 the option of selecting or renegotiating a fixed 
     or variable interest rate on their loans and the repayment 
     period of such loans. The study shall evaluate various 
     scenarios and options and take into consideration the costs 
     to the government, lenders and borrowers of allowing such an 
     option as well as the impact on service quality.
       (b) Report.--The Congressional Budget Office shall submit a 
     report on the study required by this section to the 
     authorizing committees (as defined in section 103 of the 
     Higher Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 1003)) not later than 
     one year after the date of the enactment of this Act.

     SEC. 809. ENDOWMENT REPORT.

       (a) Analysis of Endowments.--The Secretary of Education 
     shall conduct a study on the amounts, uses, and public 
     purposes of the endowments of institutions of higher 
     education. The study shall include information (disaggregated 
     by types of institution) describing--
       (1) the average and range of--
       (A) the outstanding balance of such endowments;
       (B) the growth of such endowments over the last 10 years; 
     and
       (C) the percentage of spending on an annual basis and, to 
     the extent practicable, the uses of such endowments by the 
     institutions; and
       (2) the extent to which the funds in such endowments are 
     restricted, and the restrictions placed upon such funds.
       (b) Submission of Report.--The Secretary shall submit the 
     report required by subsection (a) to the authorizing 
     committees (as such term is defined in section 103 of the 
     Higher Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 1003)) not later than 
     one year after the date of enactment of this Act.

     SEC. 810. STUDY OF CORRECTIONAL POSTSECONDARY EDUCATION.

       (a) Study Required.--The Secretary of Education shall--
       (1) conduct a longitudinal study to assess the effects of 
     correctional postsecondary education that--
       (A) employs rigorous empirical methods that control for 
     self-selection bias;
       (B) measures a range of outcomes, including those related 
     to employment and earnings, recidivism, engaged citizenship, 
     impact on families of the incarcerated, and impact on the 
     culture of the correctional institution;
       (C) examines different delivery systems of postsecondary 
     education, such as on-site and distance learning; and
       (D) includes a projected cost-benefit analysis of the 
     Federal investment in terms of reduction of future offending, 
     reduction of future prison costs (construction and 
     operational), increased tax payments by formerly incarcerated 
     individuals, a reduction of welfare and other social service 
     costs for successful formerly incarcerated individuals, and 
     increased costs from the employment of formerly incarcerated 
     individuals; and
       (2) make specific recommendations to the Congress and the 
     relevant State agencies responsible for correctional 
     education, such as the State superintendents of education and 
     State secretaries of corrections, on best approaches to 
     increase correctional education and its effectiveness.
       (b) Submission of Reports.--Not later than 3 years after 
     the date of enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall submit 
     an interim report on the progress of the study required by 
     subsection (a)(1) to the authorizing committees (as defined 
     in section 103 of the Higher Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 
     1003)). Not later than 7 years after the date of enactment of 
     this Act, the Secretary shall submit a final report, together 
     with the recommendations required by subsection (a)(3), to 
     the authorizing committees.

     SEC. 811. NATIONAL UNDERGRADUATE FELLOWS PROGRAM.

       (a) Program Authorized.--The Secretary is authorized to 
     provide grants, on a competitive basis, to institutions of 
     higher education (as defined in section 102) to support a 
     National Undergraduate Fellows program.
       (b) Purpose of Grants.--Grants under this section shall be 
     provided to enable administrators (including student affairs 
     administrators)--
       (1) to improve postsecondary degree completion rates of 
     current underrepresented students through mentoring, a 
     leadership institute, an internship, and funding to attend 
     regional and national higher education administration 
     conferences;
       (2) to increase the retention and success rates of not only 
     current students, but future generations of underrepresented 
     college students, by encouraging them to pursue a career in 
     higher education or student affairs; and
       (3) to increase the quality and number of underrepresented 
     higher education and student affairs administrators able to 
     provide much needed student support services to students.
       (c) Uses of Funds.--Grantees under this section may use the 
     funds to provide--
       (1) staffing support for the program, which may include a 
     higher education administrator as a mentor;
       (2) summer internship opportunities focusing on higher 
     education administration, at an institution other than their 
     own;
       (3) a summer leadership institute participation opportunity 
     for self reflection, leadership skill building, graduate 
     school preparation, and career development; and
       (4) as needed, support to attend regional and national 
     higher education conferences for additional leadership and 
     professional development.
       (d) On-Going Support for the Fellows Program.--From the 
     funds appropriated in section 800 of the Higher Education Act 
     of 1965, the Secretary shall award a grant, on a competitive 
     basis, to a national organization to enable such organization 
     to support the establishment and ongoing work of the program 
     under this section.

     SEC. 812. NATIONAL CENTER FOR LEARNING SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY 
                   TRUST FUND.

       (a) Establishment.--There is established a nonprofit 
     corporation to be known as the National Center for Learning 
     Science and Technology (referred to in this Act as the 
     ``Center'') which shall not be an agency or establishment of 
     the United States Government. The Center shall be subject to 
     the provisions of this section, and, to the extent consistent 
     with this section,

[[Page H727]]

     to the District of Columbia Nonprofit Corporation Act (D.C. 
     Code, section 29-501 et seq.).
       (b) Funding.--
       (1) In general.--There is established in the Treasury a 
     separate fund to be known as the National Center for Learning 
     Science and Technology Trust Fund (referred to in this Act as 
     the ``Trust Fund''). The Trust Fund shall contain such 
     amounts as are credited to the Trust Fund under paragraph (2) 
     and other funds obtained under paragraph (3).
       (2) Authorization of appropriations.--There are authorized 
     to be appropriated to the Trust Fund such sums as may be 
     necessary for the fiscal years 2008 and each of the 4 
     succeeding fiscal years.
       (3) Additional funds.--The Trust Fund is authorized--
       (A) to accept funds from any Federal agency or entity;
       (B) to accept, hold, administer, invest, and spend any 
     gift, devise, or bequest of real or personal property made to 
     the Center; and
       (C) to enter into contracts with individuals, public or 
     private organizations, professional societies, and government 
     agencies for the purpose of carrying out the functions of the 
     Center.
       (c) Board of Directors; Functions, and Duties.--
       (1) In general.--A board of directors of the Center 
     (referred to in this Act as the ``Board'') shall be 
     established to oversee the administration of the Center. Such 
     Board shall consist of 9 members to be appointed by the 
     Secretary of Education, who--
       (A) reflect representation from the public and private 
     sectors; and
       (B) shall provide, as nearly as practicable, a broad 
     representation of various regions of the United States, 
     various professions and occupations, and various kinds of 
     talent and experience appropriate to the functions and 
     responsibilities of the Center.
       (2) Organization and operation.--The board shall 
     incorporate and operate the center in accordance with the 
     laws governing tax exempt organizations in the District of 
     Columbia.
       (d) Trust Fund Uses.--
       (1) Uses of funds.--To achieve the objectives of this Act, 
     the Director of the Center, after consultation with the 
     Board, may use Trust funds--
       (A) to support basic and applied research development and 
     demonstrations of innovative learning and assessment systems 
     as well as the components and tools needed to create them;
       (B) to support the testing and evaluation of these systems; 
     and
       (C) to encourage the widespread adoption and use of 
     effective approaches to learning.
       (2) Contracts and grants.--
       (A) In general.--In order to carry out the activities 
     described in paragraph (1), the Director of the Center, with 
     the agreement of a majority of the members of the Board, may 
     award contracts and grants to colleges and universities, 
     museums, libraries, public broadcasting entities and similar 
     nonprofit organizations and public institutions (with or 
     without private partners).
       (B) Public domain.--
       (i) In general.--The research and development properties 
     and materials associated with a project in which a majority 
     of the funding used to carry out the project is from a grant 
     or contract under this Act shall be freely and nonexclusively 
     available to the general public in a timely manner.
       (ii) Exemption.--The Director of the Center may exempt 
     specific projects from the requirement of clause (i) if the 
     Director of the Center and a majority of the members of the 
     Board determine that the general public will benefit 
     significantly due to the project not being freely and 
     nonexclusively available to the general public in a timely 
     manner.
       (C) Peer review.--To the extent practicable, proposals for 
     grants or contracts shall be evaluated on the basis of 
     comparative merit by panels of experts who represent diverse 
     interests and perspectives, and who are appointed by the 
     Director of the Center from recommendations from the fields 
     served and from the Board of Directors.
       (e) Accountability and Reporting.--
       (1) Report.--
       (A) In general.--Not later than April 30 of each year, the 
     Director of the Center shall prepare a report for the 
     preceding fiscal year that contains the information described 
     in subparagraph (B).
       (B) Contents.--A report under subparagraph (A) shall 
     include--
       (i) a comprehensive and detailed report of the Center's 
     operations, activities, financial condition, and 
     accomplishments, and such recommendations as the Director of 
     the Center determines appropriate;
       (ii) a comprehensive and detailed inventory of funds 
     distributed from the Trust Fund during the fiscal year for 
     which the report is being prepared; and
       (iii) an independent audit of the Trust Fund's finances and 
     operations, and of the implementation of the goals 
     established by the Board.
       (C) Statement of the board.--Each report under subparagraph 
     (A) shall include a statement from the Board containing--
       (i) a clear description of the plans and priorities of the 
     Board for the subsequent 5-year period for expenditures from 
     the Trust Fund; and
       (ii) an estimate of the funds that will be available for 
     such expenditures from the Trust Fund.
       (D) Submission to the president and congress.--A report 
     under this subsection shall be submitted to the President and 
     the authorizing committees (as such term is defined in 
     section 103 of the Higher Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 
     1003)).
       (2) Testimony.--The Director and principal officers of the 
     Center shall testify before the appropriate committees of 
     Congress, upon request of such committees, with respect to--
       (A) a report prepared under paragraph (1)(A); and
       (B) any other matter that such committees may determine 
     appropriate.
       (f) Use of Funds Subject to Appropriations.--The authority 
     to award grants, enter into contracts, or otherwise to expend 
     funds under this section is subject to the availability of 
     amounts deposited into the Trust Fund under subsection 
     (b)(3)(A) or (B), or amounts otherwise appropriated for such 
     purposes by an Act of Congress.

     SEC. 813. GAO STUDY OF EDUCATION RELATED INDEBTEDNESS OF 
                   MEDICAL SCHOOL GRADUATES.

       (a) Study Required.--The Comptroller General shall conduct 
     a study to evaluate the higher education related indebtedness 
     of medical school graduates in the United States at the time 
     of graduation.
       (b) Deadline.--Not later than 1 year after the date of 
     enactment of this Act, the Comptroller General shall submit a 
     report on the study required by subsection (a) to the 
     authorizing Committees (as such term is defined in section 
     103 of the Higher Education Act of 1965), and shall make the 
     report widely available to the public. Additional reports may 
     be periodically prepared and released as necessary.

                   TITLE IX--AMENDMENTS TO OTHER LAWS

               PART A--EDUCATION OF THE DEAF ACT OF 1986

     SEC. 901. LAURENT CLERC NATIONAL DEAF EDUCATION CENTER.

       Section 104 of the Education of the Deaf Act of 1986 (20 
     U.S.C. 4304) is amended--
       (1) by striking the section heading and inserting ``LAURENT 
     CLERC NATIONAL DEAF EDUCATION CENTER'';
       (2) in subsection (a)(1)(A), by inserting ``the Laurent 
     Clerc National Deaf Education Center (referred to in this 
     section as the `Clerc Center') to carry out'' after 
     ``maintain and operate''; and
       (3) in subsection (b)--
       (A) in the matter preceding subparagraph (A) of paragraph 
     (1), by striking ``elementary and secondary education 
     programs'' and inserting ``Clerc Center'';
       (B) in paragraph (2), by striking ``elementary and 
     secondary education programs'' and inserting ``Clerc 
     Center'';
       (C) in paragraph (4)(C)--
       (i) in clause (i), by striking ``(6)'' and inserting 
     ``(8)''; and
       (ii) in clause (vi), by striking ``(m)'' and inserting 
     ``(o)''; and
       (D) by adding at the end the following:
       ``(5) The University, for purposes of the elementary and 
     secondary education programs carried out at the Clerc Center, 
     shall--
       ``(A)(i)(I) select challenging academic content standards, 
     challenging student academic achievement standards, and 
     academic assessments of a State, adopted and implemented, as 
     appropriate, pursuant to paragraphs (1) and (3) of section 
     1111(b) of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965 
     (20 U.S.C. 6311(b)(1) and (3)) and approved by the Secretary; 
     or
       ``(II) develop such standards and assessments subject to 
     the approval of the Secretary; and
       ``(ii) implement such standards and assessments for such 
     programs by not later than the beginning of the 2009-2010 
     academic year;
       ``(B) annually determine whether such programs at the Clerc 
     Center are making adequate yearly progress, as determined 
     according to the definition of adequate yearly progress 
     defined (pursuant to section 1111(b)(2)(C) of such Act (20 
     U.S.C. 6311(b)(2)(C))) by--
       ``(i) the State that has adopted and implemented the 
     standards and assessments selected under subparagraph 
     (A)(i)(I); or
       ``(ii) the University, if the University develops standards 
     and assessments in accordance with subparagraph (A)(i)(II); 
     and
       ``(C) publicly report the results of the academic 
     assessments implemented under subparagraph (A), except where 
     such reporting would not yield statistically reliable 
     information or would reveal personally identifiable 
     information about an individual student, and whether the 
     programs at the Clerc Center are making adequate yearly 
     progress, as determined under subparagraph (B).''.

     SEC. 902. AGREEMENT WITH GALLAUDET UNIVERSITY.

       Section 105(b)(4) of the Education of the Deaf Act of 1986 
     (20 U.S.C. 4305(b)(4)) is amended--
       (1) by striking ``the Act of March 3, 1931 (40 U.S.C. 276a-
     276a-5) commonly referred to as the Davis-Bacon Act'' and 
     inserting ``subchapter IV of chapter 31 of title 40, United 
     States Code, commonly referred to as the Davis-Bacon Act''; 
     and
       (2) by striking ``section 2 of the Act of June 13, 1934 (40 
     U.S.C. 276c)'' and inserting ``section 3145 of title 40, 
     United States Code''.

     SEC. 903. AGREEMENT FOR THE NATIONAL TECHNICAL INSTITUTE FOR 
                   THE DEAF.

       Section 112 of the Education of the Deaf Act of 1986 (20 
     U.S.C. 4332) is amended--
       (1) in subsection (a)--
       (A) in paragraph (1)--
       (i) in the first sentence--

       (I) by striking ``an institution of higher education'' and 
     inserting ``the Rochester Institute of Technology, Rochester, 
     New York''; and
       (II) by striking ``of a'' and inserting ``of the''; and

       (ii) by striking the second sentence;
       (B) by redesignating paragraph (2) as paragraph (3); and
       (C) by inserting after paragraph (1) the following:
       ``(2) If, pursuant to the agreement established under 
     paragraph (1), either the Secretary or the Rochester 
     Institute of Technology terminates the agreement, the 
     Secretary shall consider proposals from other institutions of 
     higher education and enter into an agreement with one of

[[Page H728]]

     those institutions for the establishment and operation of a 
     National Technical Institute for the Deaf.''; and
       (2) in subsection (b)--
       (A) in paragraph (3), by striking ``Committee on Labor and 
     Human Resources of the Senate'' and inserting ``Committee on 
     Health, Education, Labor, and Pensions of the Senate''; and
       (B) in paragraph (5)--
       (i) by striking ``the Act of March 3, 1931 (40 U.S.C. 
     276a--276a-5) commonly referred to as the Davis-Bacon Act'' 
     and inserting ``subchapter IV of chapter 31 of title 40, 
     United States Code, commonly referred to as the Davis-Bacon 
     Act''; and
       (ii) by striking ``section 2 of the Act of June 13, 1934 
     (40 U.S.C. 276c)'' and inserting ``section 3145 of title 40, 
     United States Code''.

     SEC. 904. AUDIT.

       Section 203 of the Education of the Deaf Act of 1986 (20 
     U.S.C. 4353) is amended--
       (1) in subsection (b)--
       (A) in paragraph (2), by striking ``sections'' and all that 
     follows through the period and inserting ``sections 102(b), 
     105(b)(4), 112(b)(5), 203(c), 207(b)(2), subsections (c) 
     through (f) of section 207, and subsections (b) and (c) of 
     section 209.''; and
       (B) in paragraph (3), by inserting ``and the Committee on 
     Education and Labor of the House of Representatives and the 
     Committee on Health, Education, Labor, and Pensions of the 
     Senate'' after ``Secretary''; and
       (2) in subsection (c)(2)(A), by striking ``Committee on 
     Labor and Human Resources of the Senate'' and inserting 
     ``Committee on Health, Education, Labor, and Pensions of the 
     Senate''.

     SEC. 905. REPORTS.

       Section 204 of the Education of the Deaf Act of 1986 (20 
     U.S.C. 4354) is amended--
       (1) in the matter preceding paragraph (1), by striking 
     ``Committee on Labor and Human Resources of the Senate'' and 
     inserting ``Committee on Health, Education, Labor, and 
     Pensions of the Senate'';
       (2) in paragraph (1), by striking ``preparatory,'';
       (3) in paragraph (2)(C), by striking ``upon graduation/
     completion'' and inserting ``on the date that is 1 year after 
     the date of graduation or completion''; and
       (4) in paragraph (3)(B), by striking ``of the institution 
     of higher education'' and all that follows through the period 
     and inserting ``of NTID programs and activities.''.

     SEC. 906. MONITORING, EVALUATION, AND REPORTING.

       Section 205 of the Education of the Deaf Act of 1986 (20 
     U.S.C. 4355) is amended--
       (1) in the first sentence of subsection (a), by striking 
     ``preparatory,'';
       (2) in subsection (b), by striking ``The Secretary, as part 
     of the annual report required under section 426 of the 
     Department of Education Organization Act, shall include a 
     description of'' and inserting ``The Secretary shall annually 
     transmit information to Congress on''; and
       (3) in subsection (c), by striking ``fiscal years 1998 
     through 2003'' and inserting ``fiscal years 2008 through 
     2013''.

     SEC. 907. LIAISON FOR EDUCATIONAL PROGRAMS.

       Section 206(a) of the Education of the Deaf Act of 1986 (20 
     U.S.C. 4356(a)) is amended by striking ``Not later than 30 
     days after the date of enactment of this Act, the'' and 
     inserting ``The''.

     SEC. 908. FEDERAL ENDOWMENT PROGRAMS FOR GALLAUDET UNIVERSITY 
                   AND THE NATIONAL TECHNICAL INSTITUTE FOR THE 
                   DEAF.

       Section 207(h) of the Education of the Deaf Act of 1986 (20 
     U.S.C. 4357(h)) is amended by striking ``fiscal years 1998 
     through 2003'' each place it appears and inserting ``fiscal 
     years 2008 through 2013''.

     SEC. 909. OVERSIGHT AND EFFECT OF AGREEMENTS.

       Section 208(a) of the Education of the Deaf Act of 1986 (20 
     U.S.C. 4359(a)) is amended by striking ``Committee on Labor 
     and Human Resources of the Senate and the Committee on 
     Education and the Workforce of the House of Representatives'' 
     and inserting ``Committee on Education and Labor of the House 
     of Representatives and the Committee on Health, Education, 
     Labor, and Pensions of the Senate''.

     SEC. 910. INTERNATIONAL STUDENTS.

       Section 209 of the Education of the Deaf Act of 1986 (20 
     U.S.C. 4359a) is amended--
       (1) in subsection (a)--
       (A) by striking ``preparatory, undergraduate,'' and 
     inserting ``undergraduate'';
       (B) by striking ``Effective with'' and inserting the 
     following:
       ``(1) In general.--Except as provided in paragraph (2), 
     effective with''; and
       (C) by adding at the end the following:
       ``(2) Distance learning.--International students who 
     participate in distance learning courses that are at NTID or 
     the University and who are residing outside of the United 
     States shall--
       ``(A) not be counted as international students for purposes 
     of the cap on international students under paragraph (1), 
     except that in any school year no United States citizen who 
     applies to participate in distance learning courses that are 
     at the University or NTID shall be denied participation in 
     such courses because of the participation of an international 
     student in such courses; and
       ``(B) not be charged a tuition surcharge, as described in 
     subsection (b).''; and
       (2) by striking subsections (b), (c), and (d), and 
     inserting the following:
       ``(b) Tuition Surcharge.--Except as provided in subsections 
     (a)(2)(B) and (c), the tuition for postsecondary 
     international students enrolled in the University (including 
     undergraduate and graduate students) or NTID shall include, 
     for academic year 2008-2009 and any succeeding academic year, 
     a surcharge of--
       ``(1) 100 percent for a postsecondary international student 
     from a non-developing country; and
       ``(2) 50 percent for a postsecondary international student 
     from a developing country.
       ``(c) Reduction of Surcharge.--
       ``(1) In general.--Beginning with the academic year 2008-
     2009, the University or NTID may reduce the surcharge--
       ``(A) under subsection (b)(1) from 100 percent to not less 
     than 50 percent if--
       ``(i) a student described under subsection (b)(1) 
     demonstrates need; and
       ``(ii) such student has made a good-faith effort to secure 
     aid through such student's government or other sources; and
       ``(B) under subsection (b)(2) from 50 percent to not less 
     than 25 percent if--
       ``(i) a student described under subsection (b)(2) 
     demonstrates need; and
       ``(ii) such student has made a good faith effort to secure 
     aid through such student's government or other sources.
       ``(2) Development of sliding scale.--The University and 
     NTID shall develop a sliding scale model that--
       ``(A) will be used to determine the amount of a tuition 
     surcharge reduction pursuant to paragraph (1); and
       ``(B) shall be approved by the Secretary.
       ``(d) Definition.--In this section, the term `developing 
     country' means a country with a per-capita income of not more 
     than $4,825, measured in 1999 United States dollars, as 
     adjusted by the Secretary to reflect inflation since 1999.''.

     SEC. 911. RESEARCH PRIORITIES.

       Section 210(b) of the Education of the Deaf Act of 1986 (20 
     U.S.C. 4359b(b)) is amended by striking ``Committee on 
     Education and the Workforce of the House of Representatives, 
     and the Committee on Labor and Human Resources of the 
     Senate'' and inserting ``Committee on Education and Labor of 
     the House of Representatives, and the Committee on Health, 
     Education, Labor, and Pensions of the Senate''.

     SEC. 912. NATIONAL STUDY ON THE EDUCATION OF THE DEAF.

       (a) Conduct of Study.--Subsection (a)(1) of section 211 of 
     the Education of the Deaf Act of 1986 (20 U.S.C. 4360) is 
     amended by inserting after ``The Secretary shall'' the 
     following: ``establish a commission on the education of the 
     deaf (in this section referred to as the `commission') to''.
       (b) Public Input and Consultation.--Subsection (b) of such 
     section is amended by striking ``Secretary'' each place it 
     appears and inserting ``commission''.
       (c) Report.--Subsection (c) of such section is amended--
       (1) in the matter preceding paragraph (1), by striking 
     ``Secretary'' and all that follows through ``1998'' and 
     inserting ``commission shall report to the Secretary and 
     Congress not later than 18 months after the date of the 
     enactment of the College Opportunity and Affordability Act of 
     2007''; and
       (2) in paragraph (1)--
       (A) by striking ``recommendations,'' and inserting 
     ``recommendations relating to educated-related factors that 
     contribute to successful postsecondary education experiences 
     and employment for individuals who are deaf,''; and
       (B) by striking ``Secretary'' and inserting ``commission''.
       (d) Authorization of Appropriations.--Subsection (d) of 
     such section is amended by striking ``$1,000,000 for each of 
     the fiscal years 1999 and 2000'' and inserting ``such sums as 
     may be necessary for each of the fiscal years 2008 and 
     2009''.

     SEC. 913. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

       Section 212 of the Education of the Deaf Act of 1986 (20 
     U.S.C. 4360a) is amended--
       (1) in subsection (a), in the matter preceding paragraph 
     (1), by striking ``fiscal years 1998 through 2003'' and 
     inserting ``fiscal years 2008 through 2013''; and
       (2) in subsection (b), by striking ``fiscal years 1998 
     through 2003'' and inserting ``fiscal years 2008 through 
     2013''.

                        PART B--INDIAN EDUCATION

              Subpart 1--Tribal Colleges and Universities

     SEC. 921. REAUTHORIZATION OF THE TRIBALLY CONTROLLED COLLEGE 
                   OR UNIVERSITY ASSISTANCE ACT OF 1978.

       (a) Clarification of the Definition of National Indian 
     Organization.--Section 2(a)(6) of the Tribally Controlled 
     College or University Assistance Act of 1978 (25 U.S.C. 
     1801(a)(6)) is amended by striking ``in the field of Indian 
     education'' and inserting ``in the fields of tribally 
     controlled colleges and universities and Indian higher 
     education''.
       (b) Indian Student Count.--Section 2(a) of the Tribally 
     Controlled College or University Assistance Act of 1978 (25 
     U.S.C. 1801(a)) is amended--
       (1) by redesignating paragraphs (7) and (8) as paragraphs 
     (8) and (9), respectively; and
       (2) by inserting after paragraph (6) the following:
       ``(7) `Indian student' means a student who is--
       ``(A) a member of an Indian tribe; or
       ``(B) a biological child of a member of an Indian tribe, 
     living or deceased;''.
       (c) Continuing Education.--Section 2(b) of the Tribally 
     Controlled College or University Assistance Act of 1978 (25 
     U.S.C. 1801(b)) is amended--
       (1) in the matter preceding paragraph (1), by striking 
     ``paragraph (7) of subsection (a)'' and inserting 
     ``subsection (a)(8)'';
       (2) by striking paragraph (5) and inserting the following:
       ``(5) Determination of credits.--Eligible credits earned in 
     a continuing education program--

[[Page H729]]

       ``(A) shall be determined as 1 credit for every 10 contact 
     hours in the case of an institution on a quarter system, or 
     15 contact hours in the case of an institution on a semester 
     system, of participation in an organized continuing education 
     experience under responsible sponsorship, capable direction, 
     and qualified instruction, as described in the criteria 
     established by the International Association for Continuing 
     Education and Training; and
       ``(B) shall be limited to 10 percent of the Indian student 
     count of a tribally controlled college or university.''; and
       (3) by striking paragraph (6).
       (d) Accreditation Requirement.--Section 103 of the Tribally 
     Controlled College or University Assistance Act of 1978 (25 
     U.S.C. 1804) is amended--
       (1) in paragraph (2), by striking ``and'' at the end;
       (2) in paragraph (3), by striking the period at the end and 
     inserting ``; and''; and
       (3) by inserting after paragraph (3), the following:
       ``(4)(A) is accredited by a nationally recognized 
     accrediting agency or association determined by the Secretary 
     of Education to be a reliable authority with regard to the 
     quality of training offered; or
       ``(B) according to such an agency or association, is making 
     reasonable progress toward accreditation.''.
       (e) Technical Assistance Contracts.--Section 105 of the 
     Tribally Controlled College or University Assistance Act of 
     1978 (25 U.S.C. 1805) is amended--
       (1) by striking the section designation and heading and all 
     that follows through ``The Secretary shall'' and inserting 
     the following:

     ``SEC. 105. TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE CONTRACTS.

       ``(a) Technical Assistance.--
       ``(1) In general.--The Secretary shall'';
       (2) in the second sentence, by striking ``In the awarding 
     of contracts for technical assistance, preference shall be 
     given'' and inserting the following:
       ``(2) Designated organization.--The Secretary shall require 
     that a contract for technical assistance under paragraph (1) 
     shall be awarded''; and
       (3) in the third sentence, by striking ``No authority'' and 
     inserting the following:
       ``(b) Effect of Section.--No authority''.
       (f) Amount of Grants.--Section 108(a) of the Tribally 
     Controlled College or University Assistance Act of 1978 (25 
     U.S.C. 1808(a)) is amended--
       (1) by redesignating paragraphs (1) and (2) as 
     subparagraphs (A) and (B), respectively, and indenting the 
     subparagraphs appropriately;
       (2) by striking ``(a) Except as provided in section 111,'' 
     and inserting the following:
       ``(a) Requirement.--
       ``(1) In general.--Except as provided in paragraph (2) and 
     section 111,'';
       (3) in paragraph (1) (as redesignated by paragraphs (1) and 
     (2))--
       (A) in the matter preceding subparagraph (A) (as 
     redesignated by paragraph (1))--
       (i) by striking ``him'' and inserting ``the Secretary''; 
     and
       (ii) by striking ``product of'' and inserting ``product 
     obtained by multiplying'';
       (B) in subparagraph (A) (as redesignated by paragraph (1)), 
     by striking ``section 2(a)(7)'' and inserting ``section 
     2(a)(8)''; and
       (C) in subparagraph (B) (as redesignated by paragraph (1)), 
     by striking ``$6,000,'' and inserting ``$8,000, as adjusted 
     annually for inflation.''; and
       (4) by striking ``except that no grant shall exceed the 
     total cost of the education program provided by such college 
     or university.'' and inserting the following:
       ``(2) Exception.--The amount of a grant under paragraph (1) 
     shall not exceed an amount equal to the total cost of the 
     education program provided by the applicable tribally 
     controlled college or university.''.
       (g) General Provisions Reauthorization.--Section 110(a) of 
     the Tribally Controlled College or University Assistance Act 
     of 1978 (25 U.S.C. 1810(a)) is amended--
       (1) in paragraphs (1), (2), (3), and (4), by striking 
     ``1999'' and inserting ``2008'';
       (2) in paragraphs (1), (2), and (3), by striking ``4 
     succeeding'' and inserting ``5 succeeding'';
       (3) in paragraph (2), by striking ``$40,000,000'' and 
     inserting ``such sums as may be necessary'';
       (4) in paragraph (3), by striking ``$10,000,000'' and 
     inserting ``such sums as may be necessary''; and
       (5) in paragraph (4), by striking ``succeeding 4'' and 
     inserting ``5 succeeding''.
       (h) Endowment Program Reauthorization.--Section 306(a) of 
     the Tribally Controlled College or University Assistance Act 
     of 1978 (25 U.S.C. 1836(a)) is amended--
       (1) by striking ``1999'' and inserting ``2008''; and
       (2) by striking ``4 succeeding'' and inserting ``5 
     succeeding''.
       (i) Tribal Economic Development Reauthorization.--Section 
     403 of the Tribal Economic Development and Technology Related 
     Education Assistance Act of 1990 (25 U.S.C. 1852) is 
     amended--
       (1) by striking ``$2,000,000 for fiscal year 1999'' and 
     inserting ``such sums as may be necessary for fiscal year 
     2008''; and
       (2) by striking ``4 succeeding'' and inserting ``5 
     succeeding''.
       (j) Tribally Controlled Postsecondary Career and Technical 
     Institutions.--
       (1) In general.--The Tribally Controlled College or 
     University Assistance Act of 1978 (25 U.S.C. 1801 et seq.) is 
     amended by adding at the end the following:

   ``TITLE V--TRIBALLY CONTROLLED POSTSECONDARY CAREER AND TECHNICAL 
                              INSTITUTIONS

     ``SEC. 501. DEFINITION OF TRIBALLY CONTROLLED POSTSECONDARY 
                   CAREER AND TECHNICAL INSTITUTION.

       ``In this title, the term `tribally controlled 
     postsecondary career and technical institution' has the 
     meaning given the term in section 3 of the Carl D. Perkins 
     Career and Technical Education Act of 2006 (20 U.S.C. 2302).

     ``SEC. 502. TRIBALLY CONTROLLED POSTSECONDARY CAREER AND 
                   TECHNICAL INSTITUTIONS PROGRAM.

       ``(a) In General.--Subject to the availability of 
     appropriations, for fiscal year 2008 and each fiscal year 
     thereafter, the Secretary shall--
       ``(1) subject to subsection (b), select 2 tribally 
     controlled postsecondary career and technical institutions to 
     receive assistance under this title; and
       ``(2) provide funding to the selected tribally controlled 
     postsecondary career and technical institutions to pay the 
     costs (including institutional support costs) of operating 
     postsecondary career and technical education programs for 
     Indian students at the tribally controlled postsecondary 
     career and technical institutions.
       ``(b) Selection of Certain Institutions.--
       ``(1) Requirement.--For each fiscal year during which the 
     Secretary determines that a tribally controlled postsecondary 
     career and technical institution described in paragraph (2) 
     meets the definition referred to in section 501, the 
     Secretary shall select that tribally controlled postsecondary 
     career and technical institution under subsection (a)(1) to 
     receive funding under this section.
       ``(2) Institutions.--The 2 tribally controlled 
     postsecondary career and technical institutions referred to 
     in paragraph (1) are--
       ``(A) the United Tribes Technical College; and
       ``(B) the Navajo Technical College.
       ``(c) Method of Payment.--For each applicable fiscal year, 
     the Secretary shall provide funding under this section to 
     each tribally controlled postsecondary career and technical 
     institution selected for the fiscal year under subsection 
     (a)(1) in a lump sum payment for the fiscal year.
       ``(d) Distribution.--
       ``(1) In general.--For fiscal year 2009 and each fiscal 
     year thereafter, of amounts made available pursuant to 
     section 504, the Secretary shall distribute to each tribally 
     controlled postsecondary career and technical institution 
     selected for the fiscal year under subsection (a)(1) an 
     amount equal to the greater of--
       ``(A) the total amount appropriated for the tribally 
     controlled postsecondary career and technical institution for 
     fiscal year 2006; or
       ``(B) the total amount appropriated for the tribally 
     controlled postsecondary career and technical institution for 
     fiscal year 2008.
       ``(2) Excess amounts.--If, for any fiscal year, the amount 
     made available pursuant to section 504 exceeds the sum of the 
     amounts required to be distributed under paragraph (1) to the 
     tribally controlled postsecondary career and technical 
     institutions selected for the fiscal year under subsection 
     (a)(1), the Secretary shall distribute to each tribally 
     controlled postsecondary career and technical institution 
     selected for that fiscal year a portion of the excess amount, 
     to be determined by--
       ``(A) dividing the excess amount by the aggregate Indian 
     student count (as defined in section 117(h) of the Carl D. 
     Perkins Career and Technical Education Act of 2006 (20 U.S.C. 
     2327(h))) of such institutions for the prior academic year; 
     and
       ``(B) multiplying the quotient described in subparagraph 
     (A) by the Indian student count of each such institution for 
     the prior academic year.

     ``SEC. 503. APPLICABILITY OF OTHER LAWS.

       ``(a) In General.--Paragraphs (4) and (7) of subsection 
     (a), and subsection (b), of section 2, sections 105, 108, 
     111, 112 and 113, and titles II, III, and IV shall not apply 
     to this title.
       ``(b) Indian Self-Determination and Education Assistance.--
     Funds made available pursuant to this title shall be subject 
     to the Indian Self-Determination and Education Assistance Act 
     (25 U.S.C. 450 et seq.).
       ``(c) Election To Receive.--A tribally controlled 
     postsecondary career and technical institution selected for a 
     fiscal year under section 502(b) may elect to receive funds 
     pursuant to section 502 in accordance with an agreement 
     between the tribally controlled postsecondary career and 
     technical institution and the Secretary under the Indian 
     Self-Determination and Education Assistance Act (25 U.S.C. 
     450 et seq.) if the agreement is in existence on the date of 
     enactment of the College Opportunity and Affordability Act of 
     2007.
       ``(d) Other Assistance.--Eligibility for, or receipt of, 
     assistance under this title shall not preclude the 
     eligibility of a tribally controlled postsecondary career and 
     technical institutions to receive Federal financial 
     assistance under--
       ``(1) any program under the Higher Education Act of 1965 
     (20 U.S.C. 1001 et seq.);
       ``(2) any program under the Carl D. Perkins Career and 
     Technical Education Act of 2006; or
       ``(3) any other applicable program under which a benefit is 
     provided for--
       ``(A) institutions of higher education;
       ``(B) community colleges; or
       ``(C) postsecondary educational institutions.

     ``SEC. 504. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

       ``There are authorized to be appropriated such sums as are 
     necessary for fiscal year 2008 and each fiscal year 
     thereafter to carry out this title.''.
       (2) Conforming amendments.--Section 117 of the Carl D. 
     Perkins Career and Technical Education Act of 2006 (20 U.S.C. 
     2327) is amended--
       (A) by striking subsection (a) and inserting the following:
       ``(a) Grant Program.--Subject to the availability of 
     appropriations, the Secretary shall make grants under this 
     section, to provide basic

[[Page H730]]

     support for the education and training of Indian students, to 
     tribally controlled postsecondary career and technical 
     institutions that are not receiving Federal assistance as of 
     the date on which the grant is provided under--
       ``(1) title I of the Tribally Controlled College or 
     University Assistance Act of 1978 (25 U.S.C. 1802 et seq.); 
     or
       ``(2) the Navajo Community College Act (25 U.S.C. 640a et 
     seq.).''; and
       (B) by striking subsection (d) and inserting the following:
       ``(d) Applications.--To be eligible to receive a grant 
     under this section, a tribally controlled postsecondary 
     career and technical institution that is not receiving 
     Federal assistance under title I of the Tribally Controlled 
     College or University Assistance Act (25 U.S.C. 1802 et seq.) 
     or the Navajo Community College Act (25 U.S.C. 640a et seq.) 
     shall submit to the Secretary an application at such time, in 
     such manner, and containing such information as the Secretary 
     may require.''.
       (k) Short Title.--
       (1) In general.--The first section of the Tribally 
     Controlled College or University Assistance Act of 1978 (25 
     U.S.C. 1801 note; Public Law 95-471) is amended to read as 
     follows:

     ``SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE.

       ``This Act may be cited as the `Tribally Controlled 
     Colleges and Universities Assistance Act of 1978'.''.
       (2) References.--Any reference in law (including 
     regulations) to the Tribally Controlled College or University 
     Assistance Act of 1978 shall be considered to be a reference 
     to the ``Tribally Controlled Colleges and Universities 
     Assistance Act of 1978''.

                   Subpart 2--Navajo Higher Education

     SEC. 931. REAUTHORIZATION OF NAVAJO COMMUNITY COLLEGE ACT.

       (a) Purpose.--Section 2 of the Navajo Community College Act 
     (25 U.S.C. 640a) is amended--
       (1) by striking ``Navajo Tribe of Indians'' and inserting 
     ``Navajo Nation''; and
       (2) by striking ``the Navajo Community College'' and 
     inserting ``Dine College''.
       (b) Grants.--Section 3 of the Navajo Community College Act 
     (25 U.S.C. 640b) is amended--
       (1) in the first sentence--
       (A) by inserting ``the'' before ``Interior'';
       (B) by striking ``Navajo Tribe of Indians'' and inserting 
     ``Navajo Nation''; and
       (C) by striking ``the Navajo Community College'' and 
     inserting ``Dine College''; and
       (2) in the second sentence--
       (A) by striking ``Navajo Tribe'' and inserting ``Navajo 
     Nation''; and
       (B) by striking ``Navajo Indians'' and inserting ``Navajo 
     people''.
       (c) Study of Facilities Needs.--Section 4 of the Navajo 
     Community College Act (25 U.S.C. 640c) is amended--
       (1) in subsection (a)--
       (A) in the first sentence--
       (i) by striking ``the Navajo Community College'' and 
     inserting ``Dine College''; and
       (ii) by striking ``August 1, 1979'' and inserting ``October 
     31, 2010''; and
       (B) in the second sentence, by striking ``Navajo Tribe'' 
     and inserting ``Navajo Nation'';
       (2) in subsection (b), by striking ``the date of enactment 
     of the Tribally Controlled Community College Assistance Act 
     of 1978'' and inserting ``October 1, 2007''; and
       (3) in subsection (c), in the first sentence, by striking 
     ``the Navajo Community College'' and inserting ``Dine 
     College''.
       (d) Authorization of Appropriations.--Section 5 of the 
     Navajo Community College Act (25 U.S.C. 640c-1) is amended--
       (1) in subsection (a)--
       (A) in paragraph (1), by striking ``$2,000,000'' and all 
     that follows through the end of the paragraph and inserting 
     ``such sums as are necessary for fiscal years 2008 through 
     2013.''; and
       (B) by adding at the end the following:
       ``(3) Sums described in paragraph (2) shall be used to 
     provide grants for construction activities, including the 
     construction of buildings, water and sewer facilities, roads, 
     information technology and telecommunications infrastructure, 
     classrooms, and external structures (such as walkways).'';
       (2) in subsection (b)(1)--
       (A) in the matter preceding subparagraph (A)--
       (i) by striking ``the Navajo Community College'' and 
     inserting ``Dine College''; and
       (ii) by striking ``, for each fiscal year'' and all that 
     follows through ``for--'' and inserting ``such sums as are 
     necessary for fiscal years 2008 through 2013 to pay the cost 
     of--'';
       (B) in subparagraph (A)--
       (i) by striking ``college'' and inserting ``College'';
       (ii) in clauses (i) and (iii), by striking the commas at 
     the end of the clauses and inserting semicolons; and
       (iii) in clause (ii), by striking ``, and'' at the end and 
     inserting ``; and'';
       (C) in subparagraph (B), by striking the comma at the end 
     and inserting a semicolon;
       (D) in subparagraph (C), by striking ``, and'' at the end 
     and inserting a semicolon;
       (E) in subparagraph (D), by striking the period at the end 
     and inserting ``; and''; and
       (F) by adding at the end the following:
       ``(E) improving and expanding the College, including by 
     providing, for the Navajo people and others in the community 
     of the College--
       ``(i) higher education programs;
       ``(ii) career and technical education;
       ``(iii) activities relating to the preservation and 
     protection of the Navajo language, philosophy, and culture;
       ``(iv) employment and training opportunities;
       ``(v) economic development and community outreach; and
       ``(vi) a safe learning, working, and living environment.''; 
     and
       (3) in subsection (c), by striking ``the Navajo Community 
     College'' and inserting ``Dine College''.
       (e) Effect on Other Laws.--Section 6 of the Navajo 
     Community College Act (25 U.S.C. 640c-2) is amended--
       (1) by striking ``the Navajo Community College'' each place 
     it appears and inserting ``Dine College''; and
       (2) in subsection (b), by striking ``college'' and 
     inserting ``College''.
       (f) Payments; Interest.--Section 7 of the Navajo Community 
     College Act (25 U.S.C. 640c-3) is amended by striking ``the 
     Navajo Community College'' each place it appears and 
     inserting ``Dine College''.

     PART C--HIGHER EDUCATION AMENDMENTS OF 1998; HIGHER EDUCATION 
                           AMENDMENTS OF 1992

     SEC. 941. GRANTS FOR TRAINING FOR INCARCERATED INDIVIDUALS.

       Part D of title VIII of the Higher Education Amendments of 
     1998 (20 U.S.C. 1151) is amended to read as follows:

       ``PART D--GRANTS FOR TRAINING FOR INCARCERATED INDIVIDUALS

     ``SEC. 821. GRANTS FOR IMPROVED WORKPLACE AND COMMUNITY 
                   TRANSITION TRAINING FOR INCARCERATED 
                   INDIVIDUALS.

       ``(a) Definition.--In this section:
       ``(1) Incarcerated individual.--The term `incarcerated 
     individual' means a male or female offender who is 
     incarcerated in a State or Federal prison, including a 
     prerelease facility.
       ``(2) Secretary.--The term `Secretary' means the Secretary 
     of Education.
       ``(b) Grant Program.--The Secretary--
       ``(1) shall establish a program in accordance with this 
     section to provide grants to the State correctional education 
     agencies in the States, and to the Federal Bureau of Prisons, 
     to assist and encourage incarcerated individuals to acquire 
     educational and job skills, through--
       ``(A) coursework to prepare students to take college-level 
     courses, such as remedial math and English for postsecondary 
     preparation;
       ``(B) the pursuit of a postsecondary education certificate, 
     or an associate or bachelor's degree, provided by a 
     regionally or nationally accredited body while in prison; and
       ``(C) employment counseling and other related services 
     which start during incarceration and end not later than 1 
     year after release from confinement; and
       ``(2) may establish such performance objectives and 
     reporting requirements for State correctional education 
     agencies and the Federal Bureau of Prisons receiving grants 
     under this section as the Secretary determines are necessary 
     to assess the effectiveness of the program under this 
     section.
       ``(c) Application.--To be eligible for a grant under this 
     section, a State correctional education agency or the Federal 
     Bureau of Prisons shall submit to the Secretary a proposal 
     for an incarcerated individual program that--
       ``(1) identifies the scope of the problem, including the 
     number of incarcerated individuals in need of postsecondary 
     education and vocational training;
       ``(2) lists the accredited public or private educational 
     institution or institutions with campuses established outside 
     the prison facility that will provide postsecondary 
     preparatory or postsecondary educational services;
       ``(3) lists the cooperating agencies, public and private, 
     or businesses that will provide related services, such as 
     counseling in the areas of career development, substance 
     abuse, health, and parenting skills;
       ``(4) describes specific performance objectives and 
     evaluation methods (in addition to, and consistent with, any 
     objectives established by the Secretary under subsection 
     (b)(2)) that the State correctional education agency or the 
     Federal Bureau of Prisons will use in carrying out its 
     proposal, including--
       ``(A) specific and quantified student outcome measures that 
     are referenced to outcomes for non-program participants with 
     similar demographic characteristics; and
       ``(B) measures, consistent with the data elements and 
     definitions described in subsection (d)(1)(A), of--
       ``(i) program completion, including an explicit definition 
     of what constitutes a program completion within the proposal;
       ``(ii) knowledge and skill attainment, including 
     specification of instruments that will measure knowledge and 
     skill attainment;
       ``(iii) attainment of employment both prior to and 
     subsequent to release;
       ``(iv) success in employment indicated by job retention and 
     advancement; and
       ``(v) recidivism, including such subindicators as time 
     before subsequent offense and severity of offense;
       ``(5) describes how the proposed programs are to be 
     integrated with existing State and Federal correctional 
     education programs (such as adult education, graduate 
     education degree programs, and vocational training) and State 
     and Federal prison industry programs; and
       ``(6) describes how the proposed programs will have 
     considered or will utilize technology to deliver the services 
     under this section.
       ``(d) Program Requirements.--Each State correctional 
     education agency and Federal Bureau of Prisons entity 
     receiving a grant under this section shall--
       ``(1) annually report to the Secretary regarding--
       ``(A) the results of the evaluations conducted using data 
     elements and definitions provided by the Secretary for the 
     use of State correctional education programs and the Federal 
     Bureau of Prisons;
       ``(B) any objectives or requirements established by the 
     Secretary pursuant to subsection (b)(2);

[[Page H731]]

       ``(C) the additional performance objectives and evaluation 
     methods contained in the proposal described in subsection 
     (c)(4) as necessary to document the attainment of project 
     performance objectives; and
       ``(D) how the funds provided under this section are being 
     allocated among postsecondary preparatory education, 
     postsecondary academic, and vocational education programs; 
     and
       ``(2) provide to each State and the Federal Bureau of 
     Prisons for each student eligible under subsection (e) not 
     more than--
       ``(A) $3,000 annually for tuition, books, and essential 
     materials; and
       ``(B) $300 annually for related services such as career 
     development, substance abuse counseling, parenting skills 
     training, and health education.
       ``(e) Education Delivery Systems.--State correctional 
     education agencies, the Federal Bureau of Prisons, and 
     cooperating institutions shall, to the extent practicable, 
     use high-tech applications in developing programs to meet the 
     requirements and goals of this section.
       ``(f) Length of Participation.--Services carried out with a 
     grant under this section shall be available to incarcerated 
     individuals as follows:
       ``(1) Educational services shall start during the period of 
     incarceration or prerelease and shall end upon release.
       ``(2) Related services shall start during the period of 
     incarceration or prerelease and may continue for not more 
     than one year after release.
       ``(g) Federal Bureau of Prisons Grant Eligibility.--
     Notwithstanding any other provision of law, the Federal 
     Bureau of Prisons shall be eligible to apply for and receive 
     a grant under this section, provided that the Federal Bureau 
     of Prisons meets the application and program requirements 
     under this section.
       ``(h) Allocation of Funds.--
       ``(1) States.--From the funds appropriated pursuant to 
     subsection (i) for each fiscal year, the Secretary shall 
     allot to each State an amount that bears the same ratio to 
     such funds as the total number of incarcerated individuals in 
     such State bears to the total number of such incarcerated 
     individuals in all States.
       ``(2) Federal bureau of prisons facilities.--From the funds 
     appropriated pursuant to subsection (h) for each fiscal year, 
     the Secretary shall allot to each Federal Bureau of Prisons 
     facility an amount that bears the same ratio to such funds as 
     the total number of inmates in such facility bears to the 
     total number of inmates in all Bureau of Prisons facilities.
       ``(i) Authorization of Appropriations.--There are 
     authorized to be appropriated to carry out this section such 
     sums as may be necessary for fiscal year 2009 and each of the 
     4 succeeding fiscal years.''.

     SEC. 942. UNDERGROUND RAILROAD.

       Section 841(c) of the Higher Education Amendments of 1998 
     (20 U.S.C. 1153(c)) is amended by striking ``this section'' 
     and all that follows through the period at the end and 
     inserting ``this section $3,000,000 for fiscal years 2009 and 
     the 4 succeeding fiscal years.''.

     SEC. 943. REPEALS OF EXPIRED AND EXECUTED PROVISIONS.

       The following provisions of the Higher Education Amendments 
     of 1998 are repealed:
       (1) Study of market mechanisms in federal student loan 
     programs.--Section 801 (20 U.S.C. 1018 note).
       (2) Study of feasibility of alternate financial instruments 
     for determining lender yields.--Section 802.
       (3) Student related debt study.--Section 803 (20 U.S.C. 
     1015 note).
       (4) Community scholarship mobilization.--Part C of title 
     VIII (20 U.S.C. 1070 note).
       (5) Improving united states understanding of science, 
     engineering, and technology in east asia.--Part F of title 
     VIII (42 U.S.C. 1862 note).
       (6) Web-based education commission.--Part J of title VIII.

     SEC. 944. OLYMPIC SCHOLARSHIPS.

       Section 1543(d) of the Higher Education Amendments of 1992 
     (20 U.S.C. 1070 note) is amended by striking ``1999'' and 
     inserting ``2009''.

     SEC. 945. ESTABLISHMENT OF ASSISTANT SECRETARY FOR 
                   INTERNATIONAL AND FOREIGN LANGUAGE EDUCATION.

       (a) In General.--Section 202 of the Department of Education 
     Organization Act (20 U.S.C. 3412) is amended in subsection 
     (b)(1)--
       (1) in subparagraph (E) by striking ``and'' at the end;
       (2) by redesignating subparagraph (F) as subparagraph (G); 
     and
       (3) by inserting after subparagraph (E) the following:
       ``(F) an Assistant Secretary for International and Foreign 
     Language Education; and''.
       (b) Functions.--Such section is further amended by adding 
     at the end the following:
       ``(j) The Assistant Secretary for International and Foreign 
     Language Education--
       ``(1) shall be an individual with extensive background and 
     experience in international and foreign language education; 
     and
       ``(2) notwithstanding any other provision of law, shall 
     report directly to the Secretary.''.
       (c) Conforming Amendment.--Such section is further amended 
     in subsection (e)--
       (1) in paragraph (4), by adding ``and'' at the end;
       (2) in paragraph (5), by striking ``; and'' at the end and 
     inserting a period; and
       (3) by striking paragraph (6).
       (d) Office of International and Foreign Language 
     Education.--Title II of the Department of Education 
     Organization Act is amended by inserting after section 207 
     (20 U.S.C. 3417) the following:


        ``OFFICE OF INTERNATIONAL AND FOREIGN LANGUAGE EDUCATION

       ``Sec. 207A.  There shall be in the Department an Office of 
     International and Foreign Language Education, to be 
     administered by the Assistant Secretary for International and 
     Foreign Language Education appointed under section 202(b). In 
     addition to performing such functions affecting international 
     and foreign language education as the Secretary may 
     prescribe, the Assistant Secretary shall--
       ``(1) have responsibility for encouraging and promoting the 
     study of foreign languages and the study of cultures of other 
     countries at the elementary, secondary, and postsecondary 
     levels in the United States;
       ``(2) carry out the administration of all Department 
     programs on international and foreign language education and 
     research;
       ``(3) coordinate with related international and foreign 
     language education programs of other Federal departments and 
     agencies; and
       ``(4) administer and coordinate the Department of 
     Education's activities in international affairs.''.

                  PART D--JUSTICE DEPARTMENT PROGRAMS

     SEC. 951. LOAN REPAYMENT FOR PROSECUTORS AND DEFENDERS.

       Title I of the Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act 
     of 1968 (42 U.S.C. 3711 et seq.) is amended by adding at the 
     end the following:

     ``PART JJ--LOAN REPAYMENT FOR PROSECUTORS AND PUBLIC DEFENDERS

     ``SEC. 3111. GRANT AUTHORIZATION.

       ``(a) Purpose.--The purpose of this section is to encourage 
     qualified individuals to enter and continue employment as 
     prosecutors and public defenders.
       ``(b) Definitions.--In this section:
       ``(1) Prosecutor.--The term `prosecutor' means a full-time 
     employee of a State or local agency who--
       ``(A) is continually licensed to practice law; and
       ``(B) prosecutes criminal or juvenile delinquency cases (or 
     both) at the State or local level, including an employee who 
     supervises, educates, or trains other persons prosecuting 
     such cases.
       ``(2) Public defender.--The term `public defender' means an 
     attorney who--
       ``(A) is continually licensed to practice law; and
       ``(B) is--
       ``(i) a full-time employee of a State or local agency who 
     provides legal representation to indigent persons in criminal 
     or juvenile delinquency cases (or both), including an 
     attorney who supervises, educates, or trains other persons 
     providing such representation;
       ``(ii) a full-time employee of a nonprofit organization 
     operating under a contract with a State or unit of local 
     government, who devotes substantially all of such full-time 
     employment to providing legal representation to indigent 
     persons in criminal or juvenile delinquency cases (or both), 
     including an attorney who supervises, educates, or trains 
     other persons providing such representation; or
       ``(iii) employed as a full-time Federal defender attorney 
     in a defender organization established pursuant to subsection 
     (g) of section 3006A of title 18, United States Code, that 
     provides legal representation to indigent persons in criminal 
     or juvenile delinquency cases (or both).
       ``(3) Student loan.--The term `student loan' means--
       ``(A) a loan made, insured, or guaranteed under part B of 
     title IV of the Higher Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 1071 
     et seq.);
       ``(B) a loan made under part D or E of title IV of the 
     Higher Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 1087a et seq. and 
     1087aa et seq.); and
       ``(C) a loan made under section 428C or 455(g) of the 
     Higher Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 1078-3 and 1087e(g)) 
     to the extent that such loan was used to repay a Federal 
     Direct Stafford Loan, a Federal Direct Unsubsidized Stafford 
     Loan, or a loan made under section 428 or 428H of such Act.
       ``(c) Program Authorized.--The Attorney General shall, 
     subject to the availability of appropriations, establish a 
     program by which the Department of Justice shall assume the 
     obligation to repay a student loan, by direct payments on 
     behalf of a borrower to the holder of such loan, in 
     accordance with subsection (d), for any borrower who--
       ``(1) is employed as a prosecutor or public defender; and
       ``(2) is not in default on a loan for which the borrower 
     seeks forgiveness.
       ``(d) Terms of Loan Repayment.--
       ``(1) Borrower agreement.--To be eligible to receive 
     repayment benefits under subsection (c), a borrower shall 
     enter into a written agreement with the Attorney General that 
     specifies that--
       ``(A) the borrower will remain employed as a prosecutor or 
     public defender for a required period of service of not less 
     than 3 years, unless involuntarily separated from that 
     employment;
       ``(B) if the borrower is involuntarily separated from 
     employment on account of misconduct, or voluntarily separates 
     from employment, before the end of the period specified in 
     the agreement, the borrower will repay the Attorney General 
     the amount of any benefits received by such employee under 
     this section; and
       ``(C) if the borrower is required to repay an amount to the 
     Attorney General under subparagraph (B) and fails to repay 
     such amount, a sum equal to that amount shall be recoverable 
     by the Federal Government from the employee (or such 
     employee's estate, if applicable) by such methods as are 
     provided by law for the recovery of amounts owed to the 
     Federal Government.
       ``(2) Repayment by borrower.--
       ``(A) In general.--Any amount repaid by, or recovered from, 
     an individual or the estate of an individual under this 
     subsection shall be credited to the appropriation account 
     from which the amount involved was originally paid.
       ``(B) Merger.--Any amount credited under subparagraph (A) 
     shall be merged with other

[[Page H732]]

     sums in such account and shall be available for the same 
     purposes and period, and subject to the same limitations, if 
     any, as the sums with which the amount was merged.
       ``(C) Waiver.--The Attorney General may waive, in whole or 
     in part, a right of recovery under this subsection if it is 
     shown that recovery would be against equity and good 
     conscience or against the public interest.
       ``(3) Limitations.--
       ``(A) Student loan payment amount.--Student loan repayments 
     made by the Attorney General under this section shall be made 
     subject to the availability of appropriations, and subject to 
     such terms, limitations, or conditions as may be mutually 
     agreed upon by the borrower and the Attorney General in an 
     agreement under paragraph (1), except that the amount paid by 
     the Attorney General under this section shall not exceed--
       ``(i) $10,000 for any borrower in any calendar year; or
       ``(ii) an aggregate total of $60,000 in the case of any 
     borrower.
       ``(B) Beginning of payments.--Nothing in this section shall 
     authorize the Attorney General to pay any amount to reimburse 
     a borrower for any repayments made by such borrower prior to 
     the date on which the Attorney General entered into an 
     agreement with the borrower under this subsection.
       ``(e) Additional Agreements.--
       ``(1) In general.--On completion of the required period of 
     service under an agreement under subsection (d), the borrower 
     and the Attorney General may, subject to paragraph (2), enter 
     into an additional agreement in accordance with subsection 
     (d).
       ``(2) Term.--An agreement entered into under paragraph (1) 
     may require the borrower to remain employed as a prosecutor 
     or public defender for less than 3 years.
       ``(f) Award Basis; Priority.--
       ``(1) Award basis.--The Attorney General shall provide 
     repayment benefits under this section--
       ``(A) subject to the availability of appropriations; and
       ``(B) in accordance with paragraph (2), except that the 
     Attorney General shall determine a fair allocation of 
     repayment benefits among prosecutors and defenders, and among 
     employing entities nationwide.
       ``(2) Priority.--In providing repayment benefits under this 
     section in any fiscal year, the Attorney General shall give 
     priority to borrowers--
       ``(A) who, when compared to other eligible borrowers, have 
     the least ability to repay their student loans (considering 
     whether the borrower is the beneficiary of any other student 
     loan repayment program), as determined by the Attorney 
     General; or
       ``(B) who--
       ``(i) received repayment benefits under this section during 
     the preceding fiscal year; and
       ``(ii) have completed less than 3 years of the first 
     required period of service specified for the borrower in an 
     agreement entered into under subsection (d).
       ``(g) Regulations.--The Attorney General is authorized to 
     issue such regulations as may be necessary to carry out the 
     provisions of this section.
       ``(h) Report by Inspector General.--Not later than 3 years 
     after the date of the enactment of this section, the 
     Inspector General of the Department of Justice shall submit 
     to Congress a report on--
       ``(1) the cost of the program authorized under this 
     section; and
       ``(2) the impact of such program on the hiring and 
     retention of prosecutors and public defenders.
       ``(i) GAO Study.--Not later than one year after the date of 
     the enactment of this section, the Comptroller General shall 
     conduct a study of, and report to Congress on, the impact 
     that law school accreditation requirements and other factors 
     have on the costs of law school and student access to law 
     school, including the impact of such requirements on racial 
     and ethnic minorities.
       ``(j) Authorization of Appropriations.--There is authorized 
     to be appropriated to carry out this section $25,000,000 for 
     each of the fiscal years 2008 through 2013.''.

     SEC. 952. NATIONAL CENTER FOR CAMPUS PUBLIC SAFETY.

       (a) In General.--The Attorney General of the United States 
     is authorized to make grants, through the Office of Community 
     Oriented Policing Services, to establish and operate a 
     National Center for Campus Public Safety (referred to in this 
     section as the ``Center''). The Center shall--
       (1) provide quality education and training for campus 
     public safety agencies and the agencies' collaborative 
     partners, including campus mental health agencies;
       (2) foster quality research to strengthen the safety and 
     security of the institutions of higher education in the 
     United States;
       (3) serve as a clearinghouse for the identification and 
     dissemination of information, policies, procedures, and best 
     practices relevant to campus public safety, including the 
     prevention of violence against persons and property and 
     emergency response and evacuation procedures;
       (4) develop protocols, in conjunction with the Attorney 
     General, the Secretary of Homeland Security, the Secretary of 
     Education, State, local, and tribal governments and law 
     enforcement agencies, private and nonprofit organizations and 
     associations, and other stakeholders, to prevent, protect 
     against, respond to, and recover from, natural and man-made 
     emergencies or dangerous situations involving an immediate 
     threat to the health or safety of the campus community;
       (5) promote the development and dissemination of effective 
     behavioral threat assessment and management models to prevent 
     campus violence;
       (6) coordinate campus safety information and resources 
     available from the Department of Justice, the Department of 
     Homeland Security, the Department of Education, State, local, 
     and tribal governments and law enforcement agencies, and 
     private and nonprofit organizations and associations;
       (7) increase cooperation, collaboration, and consistency in 
     prevention, response, and problem-solving methods among law 
     enforcement, mental health, and other agencies and 
     jurisdictions serving institutions of higher education in the 
     United States;
       (8) develop standardized formats and models for mutual aid 
     agreements and memoranda of understanding between campus 
     security agencies and other public safety organizations and 
     mental health agencies; and
       (9) report annually to Congress and the Attorney General on 
     activities performed by the Center during the previous 12 
     months.
       (b) Coordination With Available Resources.--In establishing 
     the Center, the Attorney General shall--
       (1) consult with the Secretary of Homeland Security, the 
     Secretary of Education, and the Attorneys General of each 
     State; and
       (2) coordinate the establishment and operation of the 
     Center with campus public safety resources that may already 
     be available within the Department of Homeland Security and 
     the Department of Education.
       (c) Definition of Institution of Higher Education.--In this 
     section, the term ``institution of higher education'' has the 
     meaning given the term in section 101 of the Higher Education 
     Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 1001).
       (d) Authorization of Appropriations.--There are authorized 
     to be appropriated to carry out this section $2,750,000 for 
     each of the fiscal years 2008 and 2009 and such sums as may 
     be necessary thereafter.

     SEC. 953. PRIVATE LOAN FORGIVENESS.

       Section 209 of title 18, United States Code, is amended by 
     adding at the end the following new subsection:
       ``(i) This section does not prohibit--
       ``(1) a public or private institution of higher education 
     from providing an officer or employee of the executive branch 
     of the United States Government, of any independent agency of 
     the United States, or of the District of Columbia who is a 
     current or former student of such institution, financial 
     assistance for the purpose of repaying a student loan or 
     providing forbearance of student loan repayment: Provided, 
     that such repaying or providing forbearance--
       ``(A) is not provided exclusively to officers and employees 
     of the executive branch of the United States Government, of 
     any independent agency of the United States, and of the 
     District of Columbia; and
       ``(B) is provided to any such officer or employee--
       ``(i) in accordance with a written, published policy of the 
     institution relating to repaying or providing forbearance, 
     respectively, for students who perform public service; and
       ``(ii) under the same terms and conditions as are available 
     under such policy to other students of the institution who 
     are performing public service and who qualify for such 
     repayment or forbearance; and
       ``(2) an officer or employee of the executive branch of the 
     United States Government, of any independent agency of the 
     United States, or of the District of Columbia from receiving 
     repayment or forbearance permitted under paragraph (1).''.

       PART E--STEVENSON-WYDLER TECHNOLOGY INNOVATION ACT OF 1980

     SEC. 961. ESTABLISHMENT OF PROGRAM.

       Section 5 of the Stevenson-Wydler Technology Innovation Act 
     of 1980 (15 U.S.C. 3704) is amended by inserting the 
     following after subsection (b):
       ``(c) Minority Serving Institution Digital and Wireless 
     Technology Opportunity Program.--
       ``(1) In general.--The Secretary shall establish a Minority 
     Serving Institution Digital and Wireless Technology 
     Opportunity Program to assist eligible institutions in 
     acquiring, and augmenting their use of, digital and wireless 
     networking technologies to improve the quality and delivery 
     of educational services at eligible institutions.
       ``(2) Authorized activities.--An eligible institution may 
     use a grant, cooperative agreement, or contract awarded under 
     this subsection--
       ``(A) to acquire equipment, instrumentation, networking 
     capability, hardware and software, digital network 
     technology, wireless technology, and infrastructure to 
     further the objective of the Program described in paragraph 
     (1);
       ``(B) to develop and provide training, education, and 
     professional development programs, including faculty 
     development, to increase the use of, and usefulness of, 
     digital and wireless networking technology;
       ``(C) to provide teacher education, including the provision 
     of preservice teacher training and in-service professional 
     development at eligible institutions, library and media 
     specialist training, and preschool and teacher aid 
     certification to individuals who seek to acquire or enhance 
     technology skills in order to use digital and wireless 
     networking technology in the classroom or instructional 
     process, including instruction in science, mathematics, 
     engineering, and technology subjects;
       ``(D) to obtain capacity-building technical assistance, 
     including through remote technical support, technical 
     assistance workshops, and distance learning services; and
       ``(E) to foster the use of digital and wireless networking 
     technology to improve research and education, including 
     scientific, mathematics, engineering, and technology 
     instruction.

[[Page H733]]

       ``(3) Application and review procedures.--
       ``(A) In general.--To be eligible to receive a grant, 
     cooperative agreement, or contract under this subsection, an 
     eligible institution shall submit an application to the 
     Secretary at such time, in such manner, and containing such 
     information as the Secretary may require. Such application, 
     at a minimum, shall include a description of how the funds 
     will be used, including a description of any digital and 
     wireless networking technology to be acquired, and a 
     description of how the institution will ensure that digital 
     and wireless networking will be made accessible to, and 
     employed by, students, faculty, and administrators. The 
     Secretary, consistent with subparagraph (C) and in 
     consultation with the advisory council established under 
     subparagraph (B), shall establish procedures to review such 
     applications. The Secretary shall publish the application 
     requirements and review criteria in the Federal Register, 
     along with a statement describing the availability of funds.
       ``(B) Advisory council.--The Secretary shall establish an 
     advisory council to advise the Secretary on the best 
     approaches to encourage maximum participation by eligible 
     institutions in the program established under paragraph (1), 
     and on the procedures to review proposals submitted to the 
     program. In selecting the members of the advisory council, 
     the Secretary shall consult with representatives of 
     appropriate organizations, including representatives of 
     eligible institutions, to ensure that the membership of the 
     advisory council includes representatives of minority 
     businesses and eligible institution communities. The 
     Secretary shall also consult with experts in digital and 
     wireless networking technology to ensure that such expertise 
     is represented on the advisory council.
       ``(C) Review panels.--Each application submitted under this 
     subsection by an eligible institution shall be reviewed by a 
     panel of individuals selected by the Secretary to judge the 
     quality and merit of the proposal, including the extent to 
     which the eligible institution can effectively and 
     successfully utilize the proposed grant, cooperative 
     agreement, or contract to carry out the program described in 
     paragraph (1). The Secretary shall ensure that the review 
     panels include representatives of minority serving 
     institutions and others who are knowledgeable about eligible 
     institutions and technology issues. The Secretary shall 
     ensure that no individual assigned under this subsection to 
     review any application has a conflict of interest with regard 
     to that application. The Secretary shall take into 
     consideration the recommendations of the review panel in 
     determining whether to award a grant, cooperative agreement, 
     or contract to an eligible institution.
       ``(D) Information dissemination.--The Secretary shall 
     convene an annual meeting of eligible institutions receiving 
     grants, cooperative agreements, or contracts under this 
     subsection to foster collaboration and capacity-building 
     activities among eligible institutions.
       ``(E) Matching requirement.--The Secretary may not award a 
     grant, cooperative agreement, or contract to an eligible 
     institution under this subsection unless such institution 
     agrees that, with respect to the costs incurred by the 
     institution in carrying out the program for which the grant, 
     cooperative agreement, or contract was awarded, such 
     institution shall make available, directly, or through 
     donations from public or private entities, non-Federal 
     contributions in an amount equal to one-quarter of the grant, 
     cooperative agreement, or contract awarded by the Secretary, 
     or $500,000, whichever is the lesser amount. The Secretary 
     shall waive the matching requirement for any institution or 
     consortium with no endowment, or an endowment that has a 
     current dollar value lower than $50,000,000.
       ``(F) Awards.--
       ``(i) Limitation.--An eligible institution that receives a 
     grant, cooperative agreement, or contract under this 
     subsection that exceeds $2,500,000 shall not be eligible to 
     receive another grant, cooperative agreement, or contract.
       ``(ii) Consortia.--Grants, cooperative agreements, and 
     contracts may only be awarded to eligible institutions. 
     Eligible institutions may seek funding under this subsection 
     for consortia which may include other eligible institutions, 
     a State or a State education agency, local education 
     agencies, institutions of higher education, community-based 
     organizations, national nonprofit organizations, or 
     businesses, including minority businesses.
       ``(iii) Planning grants.--The Secretary may provide funds 
     to develop strategic plans to implement such grants, 
     cooperative agreements, or contracts.
       ``(iv) Institutional diversity.--In awarding grants, 
     cooperative agreements, and contracts to eligible 
     institutions, the Secretary shall ensure, to the extent 
     practicable, that awards are made to all types of 
     institutions eligible for assistance under this subsection.
       ``(v) Need.--In awarding funds under this subsection, the 
     Secretary shall give priority to the institution with the 
     greatest demonstrated need for assistance.
       ``(G) Annual report and evaluation.--
       ``(i) Annual report required from recipients.--Each 
     institution that receives a grant, cooperative agreement, or 
     contract awarded under this subsection shall provide an 
     annual report to the Secretary on its use of the grant, 
     cooperative agreement, or contract.
       ``(ii) Independent assessment.--Not later than 6 months 
     after the date of enactment of this subsection, the Secretary 
     shall enter into a contract with the National Academy of 
     Public Administration to conduct periodic assessments of the 
     program. The Assessments shall be conducted once every 3 
     years during the 10-year period following the enactment of 
     this subsection. The assessments shall include an evaluation 
     of the effectiveness of the program in improving the 
     education and training of students, faculty and staff at 
     eligible institutions that h