Summary: H.R.1831 — 100th Congress (1987-1988)All Information (Except Text)

There is one summary for H.R.1831. Bill summaries are authored by CRS.

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Introduced in House (03/26/1987)

Partnership Act of 1987 - Title I: Aid to Families with Dependent Children - Subtitle A: Benefits and Federal Participation - Amends part A (Aid to Families with Dependent Children) (AFDC) of title IV of the Social Security Act to require States to establish minimum AFDC payment standards which, when added to the value of any food stamp allotment to which the family or its household is entitled, equal a specified percentage (set at 50 percent in FY 1989, but increasing by two percent in each subsequent fiscal year until reaching 90 percent) of the Federal poverty level. Reimburses States for 85 percent of their expenses in providing the minimum benefit for FY 1989 through 1991 and for 90 percent of such expenses thereafter.

Requires States to make AFDC payments with respect to dependent children of unemployed parents in two-parent families.

Subtitle B: Work-Related Requirements - Requires, with certain exceptions, AFDC applicants and recipients to register with a State agency for employment counseling, training, and assignment.

Directs such State agency to: (1) determine the appropriate employment-related activities for each registered AFDC applicant or recipient; and (2) arrange for their participation in one or more of the employment-related programs established under title IV of the Act or other Federal law, while coordinating such programs to enhance the availability and efficiency of services provided.

Requires the State agency to provide AFDC applicants and recipients assigned to employment, training, or education programs with child care and transportation services.

Sets the Federal contribution to education, training, and assignment costs at 75 percent in FY 1988 and a percentage in subsequent years which is determined by use of a specified formula which takes into account a State's compliance with performance standards to be developed by the Secretary of Health and Human Services. Provides that such standards shall measure a State's success in reducing welfare costs and helping AFDC recipients achieve self-sufficiency. Sets the Federal share of administrative costs at 50 percent. Authorizes appropriations to carry out the activities under this title, allotting such funds among States on the basis of each State's share of AFDC recipients.

Gives States the option, when a family's increased income renders them ineligible for AFDC, to: (1) continue to cover a family's child care, transportation, and other employment-related support service expenses for the year after such family's eligibility would otherwise end; and (2) require a family contribution for such services.

Subtitle C: Child Support Enforcement - Amends part D (Child Support and Establishment of Paternity) of title IV of the Act to alter the rules of State eligibility for child support collection incentive payments. Directs States to establish standards for child support award amounts which meet minimum Federal guidelines and are presumptively applicable in particular child support actions. Requires the Secretary to conduct periodic reviews of child support award amounts to gauge compliance with such standards.

Subtitle D: Child Care Services for Children in Certain Families - Establishes a part F of title IV of the Act to make payments to States (including territories) which provide child care services for children: (1) who are or are at risk of being abused or neglected or are in families receiving child protective services; and (2) in eligible families whose family income does not surpass a maximum set by the State at or below 125 percent of the Federal poverty level. Requires, in addition, that families receiving part F services not be eligible for child care under the AFDC program and include parent(s) who are adolescent, working, enrolled in education or training programs, or seeking employment. Authorizes appropriations.

Requires a State to report to the Secretary on its intended use of part F payments before expending such funds. Authorizes States to impose a fee for child care services which may vary on the basis of a family's ability to pay. Requires that fees collected be used only to provide child care to children covered by this Act. Establishes a formula for determining the State child care assistance percentage which takes into account the State's taxable resources and the number of children at risk of neglect or abuse in the State, but prohibits such percentage from being less than 50 percent.

Subtitle E: Hold Harmless - Reimburses States for all of their AFDC expenditures in FY 1989 which exceed State AFDC expenditures in FY 1988 and are attributable to this Act's amendments.

Title II: Medicaid - Extends Medicaid eligibility to pregnant women and children up to age five whose family income does not exceed the Federal poverty level. Extends the Medicaid age eligibility limit for children on a gradual basis so that by FY 1999 children up to age 16 are covered. Requires the Secretary to establish uniform national standards regarding the types of Medicaid services provided to such individuals.

Directs States to provide Medicaid coverage to individuals who are eligible for benefits under title XVI (Supplemental Security Income) of the Act or would be eligible for such benefits if they were not in a medical institution. Authorizes States to provide Medicaid coverage to individuals eligible for participation in certain other social security programs, but requires the State plan to include at least one group not covered under such programs.

Raises the limit on the Medicaid Federal assistance percentage to 90 percent. Sets such percentage at: (1) 100 percent for medical services provided through Indian Health Service facilities; and (2) 80 percent for FY 1988, 85 percent for FY 1989 through 1991, and 90 percent thereafter for medical assistance provided to pregnant women and children pursuant to this Act. Provides for annual reductions in the State percentage. Reimburses States for all of their Medicaid expenditures in FY 1988 and 1989 which exceed State Medicaid expenditures in FY 1987 and are attributable to this Act's amendments. Extends the moratorium on the reduction of payments to States for high erroneous payment rates under the AFDC and Medicaid programs for one year. (Currently, the moratorium is set to expire on July 1, 1988.)

Title III: Termination or Reduction of Certain Federal Programs - Abolishes certain programs providing Federal assistance for: (1) economically distressed areas; (2) urban mass transit system; (3) community services and development (including the Urban Development Action Grant program); (4) education (including impact aid; (5) vocational education and manpower training; and (6) water pollution control. Abolishes the Appalachian Regional Commission and the Economic Development Administration. Repeals title XX (Block Grants to States for Social Services) of the Social Security Act. Eliminates the program of rural water and waste facility loans and grants. Amends the Rural Electrification Act of 1936 to set a ceiling on the total amount of rural electrification loans which may be made in a fiscal year.

Title IV: Fiscal Capacity Grants - Entitles State and local governments to grants from the General Fiscal Assistance Trust Fund established in the Treasury by this Act. Authorizes appropriations. Directs the Secretary of the Treasury to determine grant allocations to be paid in quarterly installments for each of FY 1988 through 1992.

Sets forth general grant qualification requirements. Authorizes the Secretary, after providing notice and an opportunity for corrective actions, to withhold grant payments for noncompliance with such requirements.

Provides special entitlements for Indian tribes, Alaskan Native villages, and the District of Columbia.

Sets forth the procedure by which the Secretary shall allocate grant amounts to: (1) each State (for subsequent allocation to local governments) based on each State's population, general tax effort factor, and relative fiscal capacity factor; and (2) each local government, from each State's amount, based on each government's population, general tax effort factor, and income factor.

Requires each State which receives grant funds to establish a commission to: (1) investigate the public service needs and fiscal capacities of its local governments; and (2) recommend an alternative method of allocating grant funds to local governments which reduces the excess of the funds each government needs to provide public services over the fiscal capacity of such government. Directs the Secretary to use such method to allocate funds instead of the procedure prescribed by this Act if such method is enacted into State law.

Sets forth the procedure by which the Secretary shall allocate grant amounts to each State government based on each State's population, general tax effort factor, and relative fiscal capacity factor.

Requires the Secretary, in determining grant allocations, to use the most recent available information provided by the Secretary of Commerce and the Secretary of Labor, with specified exceptions.

Requires a State government or local government expending payments under this title to: (1) hold at least one public hearing on the proposed use of the payment in relation to its total budget, unless public participation is otherwise ensured in the budget process; and (2) disclose specified information on the proposed use of the payment within specified periods before such hearing and after the budget is adopted.

Prohibits discrimination under any State or local government program or activity any part of which is paid for with funds received under this title. Sets forth provisions governing discrimination proceedings, the suspension and termination or resumption of payments in such proceedings, agreements by local governments to comply with discrimination prohibitions, the enforcement of such prohibitions by the Attorney General, administrative and civil actions by persons adversely affected by discriminatory practices, and judicial review of a decision to withhold, suspend, or terminate grant payments.

Requires each State and local government that receives a payment under this Act in a fiscal year to conduct an audit for such year. Requires the Secretary to maintain regulations regarding the investigation of complaints of violations of this Act. Directs the Comptroller General to carry out necessary reviews for the Congress to evaluate compliance and operations under this Act.

Requires annual reports by: (1) the Secretary to the Congress on the administration of, and operations under, this Act; and (2) State and local governments to the Secretary on the amounts and uses of grant payments.

Title V: Use of State Federalization Savings - Directs the Secretary of Health and Human Services to determine the amount of funds each State will save by reason of the amendments made by titles I and II of this Act and notify each State of such amount prior to the beginning of each fiscal year. Requires States to allot a portion (determined pursuant to a specified formula which takes into account direct Federal funding lost by local governments under title III of this Act) of such savings to local governments. Allots the remainder of such savings to States in accordance with an intended use report which the State submits to the Secretary within 30 days of receiving notification of such savings.