Bill summaries are authored by CRS.

Shown Here:
Conference report filed in House (11/20/1989)

Drug-Free Schools and Communities Act Amendments of 1989 - Amends the Drug-Free Schools and Communities Act of 1986 (the Act) to revise funding distribution for certain programs. Authorizes appropriations for FY 1991 through 1993 for a new emergency grants program.

Adds specified new requirements relating to distribution of appropriations.

Requires State educational agencies to use specified additional amounts to make grants to local educational agencies for certain programs.

Revises the use of State program funds to include grants to promote and establish drug-free school zones. Directs State Governors to: (1) make grants or contracts, giving priority to community, or parent groups, for community-based programs of coordinated services designed for high-risk youth; and (2) make grants to private nonprofit organizations to develop new strategies to communicate anti-drug abuse messages to youths. Adds juveniles in detention facilities to the list of high-risk youths.

Allows the use of State program funds for nondiscriminatory random drug testing programs for students voluntarily participating in athletic activities in schools which voluntarily choose to participate in such a program.

Requires State applications to include a plan for providing innovative programs of drug abuse education for all juveniles in detention facilities within the State.

Revises provisions for State educational agency responsibilities with respect to reallocation of grants to local and intermediate education agencies.

Revises local drug abuse education and prevention programs. Elaborates on the types of activities which may be included in school-based programs of drug abuse prevention and early intervention and in drug abuse prevention counseling programs. Provides for model alternative schools for youth with drug problems that address the special needs of such students through education and counseling.

Requires local applications to include specified information relating to: (1) school participation in community-wide efforts; (2) provision of trained counselors, social workers, psychologists, and nurses; (3) distribution of lists of local resources; (4) curricula review; and (5) training for teachers and other personnel implementing the programs.

Requires local applicants to submit annual program progress reports to the State educational agency. Requires States to include an evaluation of State and local program effectiveness in their biennial reports to the Secretary of Education (the Secretary). Provides for grants for training teachers, counselors, and school personnel.

Adds to Federal activities: (1) use of private nonprofit organizations to develop innovative strategies to communicate antidrug abuse messages to youths and to eliminate drug abuse from the communities of the Nation; and (2) program evaluation.

Creates a national emergency grants program. Directs the Secretary to make grants to eligible local educational agencies that demonstrate significant need for additional assistance to combat drug and alcohol abuse by students. Sets forth eligibility criteria and minimum and maximum grant limits. Provides that FY 1990 funds for such grants shall be allocated to State Governors for distribution through State educational agencies to local educational agencies.

Establishes a drug-free school zones demonstration program of grants by the Secretary to local and intermediate educational agencies and consortia. Directs the Secretary to evaluate such programs. Authorizes appropriations.

Defines the use of anabolic steroids as drug abuse.

Authorizes a State educational agency bypass of the local educational agency where necessary to provide for program participation of children and teachers from private nonprofit elementary and secondary schools.

Requires the Secretary, through the National Diffusion Network, to disseminate information and technical assistance with respect to drug abuse education and prevention programs of demonstrated effectiveness. Authorizes appropriations for FY 1991.

Amends the Higher Education Act of 1965 to provide for development of skills and techniques for administering drug prevention and education programs.

Amends the Child Abuse Prevention and Treatment Act, as amended by the Child Abuse Prevention Challenge Grants Reauthorization Act of 1989 (Public Law 101-126), to establish a program of emergency child protective services grants. Directs the Secretary of Health and Human Services to make such grants to eligible entities to provide services to children whose parents are substance abusers. Authorizes appropriations for such grants for FY 1990 and subsequent fiscal years.

Amends the Higher Educational Act of 1965 (HEA) to bar an institution of higher education from receiving funds or any other Federal financial assistance, including any federally funded or guaranteed student loans, unless it certifies to the Secretary that it has adopted and implemented a program to prevent the use of illicit drugs and the abuse of alcohol by students and employees. Sets forth minimum requirements for such programs.

Sets forth a similar prohibition under the Drug-Free Schools and Communities Act of 1986 against the receipt of Federal financial assistance by a local educational agency unless it certifies that it has in place a drug and alcohol abuse prevention program for its students and employees which meets specified minimum requirements. Requires State educational agencies to receive such certifications and to make a similar certification to the Secretary.

Amends the National Narcotics Leadership Act of 1988 to provide for before and after school programs for unsupervised children, including: (1) education and instruction consistent with the Drug-Free Schools and Communities Act of 1988; (2) athletic activities; (3) creative activities; and (4) other programs designed to reduce the risk of drug abuse.