Bill summaries are authored by CRS.

Shown Here:
Conference report filed in House (11/09/1989)

Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 1990 and 1991 - Title I: Department of State - Part A: Authorization of Appropriations; Allocations of Funds; Restrictions - Authorizes appropriations for FY 1990 and 1991 for the Department of State for: (1) diplomatic operations (allocates such amounts as may be necessary for the Office of Munitions Control); (2) the diplomatic security program; (3) international organizations and conferences (with earmarked funds for the South Pacific Commission for FY 1990); (4) international peacekeeping activities; (5) international conferences and contingencies; (6) international commissions; (7) migration and refugee assistance, including assistance for refugees resettling in Israel; and (8) other programs, including bilateral science and technology agreements and Soviet-East European research and training. Earmarks specified amounts of migration and refugee assistance for: (1) displaced Tibetans in India and Nepal; (2) displaced Burmese on the Thailand-Burma border; and (3) Turkey for assistance to ethnic Turkish refugees fleeing Bulgaria.

Prohibits the use of funds appropriated for international conferences and contingencies for any U.S. delegation to the Conference on Security and Cooperation in Europe (CSCE), unless such delegation includes individuals representing the Commission on Security and Cooperation in Europe.

Amends the State Department Basic Authorities Act of 1956 to provide that if an amount appropriated pursuant to an Act other than an appropriation Act is less than the authorization amount and the Act provides for earmarked funds, such funds shall be reduced to an amount bearing the same ratio to such funds as the amount appropriated bears to the authorization amount.

Authorizes amounts appropriated to the Department of State to be obligated for 12-month contracts to be performed over two fiscal years.

Amends the International Security and Development Cooperation Act to prohibit the use of any funds for the conduct of the Middle East peace process dialogue with any representative of the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO) who has participated in a terrorist activity resulting in the death or kidnapping of a U.S. citizen.

Prohibits the channeling or diverting of funds for any activity for which U.S. assistance is prohibited. Prescribes penalties for such violations. Requires the President to notify the Congress whenever any officer or employee of the executive branch advocates, promotes, or encourages such activity.

Part B: Department of State Authorities and Activities; Foreign Missions - Amends the State Department Basic Authorities Act of 1956 to authorize the Secretary of State to use appropriated funds for: (1) obligations assumed in Germany on or after June 5, 1945; (2) telecommunications services; and (3) the provision of maximum physical security in Government-owned and leased properties and vehicles abroad.

Authorizes special agents of the Department of State and the Foreign Service to make arrests without warrant for any offense concerning passport or visa issuance if there are grounds to believe that a person has committed or is committing such offense. Removes violations of specified sections of the criminal code from a list of violations for which such agents are authorized to make arrests without a warrant.

Adds the Department of State to the list of agencies to which criminal justice agencies are required to make available criminal record information regarding individuals under investigation by the Department for determining the eligibility of such individuals for access to classified information or assignment to sensitive national security duties.

Amends the Diplomatic Security Act of 1986 to direct the Secretary to develop and implement programs for the safe and efficient evacuation of U.S. Government personnel, dependents, and citizens when their lives are endangered. Requires such policies to include measures to identify high risk areas where evacuation may be necessary and, if appropriate, to provide staff to U.S. missions abroad to assist in such evacuations.

Amends the State Department Basic Authorities Act of 1956 to require the Secretary, in the case of a major disaster or incident abroad which affects the health and safety of U.S. citizens, to provide prompt notification of all information concerning such disaster or incident to the next-of-kin of such individuals. Directs the Secretary to establish a liaison with foreign governments and U.S. air carriers concerning the transportation and disposition of remains and personal effects of citizens who die abroad. Requires the Secretary to consider establishing a toll-free telephone number to facilitate inquiries by next-of-kin in cases of such disasters or incidents. Directs the Secretary to report to the Congress on the implementation of such plans.

Allows the Secretary to require foreign missions to obtain benefits or comply with other terms of the Secretary if necessary to implement an exchange of property with a foreign country to be used in connection with diplomatic or consular establishments. Authorizes the Secretary, if determined that the purposes of the Foreign Service Buildings Act, 1926 can best be met by such exchanges, to transfer funds for the acquisition and maintenance of buildings abroad to the Working Capital Fund. Permits only certain transferred funds to be used for such exchanges. Directs the Secretary to notify specified congressional committees prior to entering into an agreement for such an exchange.

Requires the Secretary, subject to the availability of appropriations, to enter into contracts for debt collection services to recover indebtedness owed by persons, other than foreign countries, to the United States arising from Department of State activities. Directs the Secretary to disclose delinquent debt of more than $100 to credit reporting agencies.

Requires a specified amount of Office of Munitions Control registration fees to be credited to a Department of State account to be used for contract personnel to assist in the evaluation and monitoring of munitions control license applications and the automation of munitions control functions.

Authorizes funds appropriated in connection with the use of Blair House for FY 1990 and 1991 to be credited to the appropriate account and to be available for maintenance and other expenses of Blair House.

Amends the International Center Act to authorize the Department of State to charge Federal agencies a fee for the use or lease of certain International Center facilities.

Repeals a provision of the Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 1988 and 1989 concerning the closing of diplomatic and consular posts in Antigua and Barbuda.

Changes the due date for annual country reports on terrorism required under the Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 1988 and 1989.

Repeals a provision of a specified Act relating to the solemnization of marriages by consular officials.

Expresses the sense of the Congress that the President should take all practicable steps to reopen the American consulate in Bratislava, Czechoslovakia.

Provides that preferences for U.S. contractors under the Diplomatic Security Act shall not apply to the construction or renovation of the U.S. embassy in Ottawa, Canada.

Directs the Secretary to transmit to the House Committee on Foreign Affairs and the Senate Committee on Foreign Relations a plan for a pilot program to increase participation by economically and socially disadvantaged enterprises in contract, procurement, grant, and research activities of the Department of State and the United States Information Agency (USIA). Sets forth plan requirements. Directs the Secretary, during FY 1990 and 1991, to report to such committees on such program.

Requires the Secretary to report to the Senate Committee on Foreign Relations and the House Committee on Foreign Affairs on the advisability of reorganizing the Department of State's regional and functional bureaus, including the creation of bureaus and the transfer of jurisdictional responsibilities. Expresses the sense of the Congress that the Secretary should give serious consideration to the establishment of a Bureau of South Asian Affairs within the Department.

Repeals a provision of the Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 1988 and 1989 concerning the termination of a prohibition on exclusion or deportation of aliens on certain grounds.

Part C: Diplomatic Immunity, Reciprocity, and Security - Amends the Immigration and Nationality Act to make ineligible to receive a visa and to exclude from admission into the United States any alien who has committed a serious criminal offense and for whom immunity from criminal jurisdiction was exercised with respect to such offense. Waives such excludability under certain conditions.

Directs the Secretary to report to the Congress on the feasibility of establishing a program to compensate U.S. citizens and permanent resident aliens for physical injury or financial loss resulting from criminal activity committed by individuals with diplomatic immunity. Outlines the requirements of such report.

Amends the Diplomatic Security Act to modify the preference for U.S. contractors with respect to certain bids for diplomatic construction involving physical or technical security.

Amends the Omnibus Diplomatic Security and Antiterrorism Act of 1986 to direct the Secretary to: (1) develop policies to use persons with appropriate U.S. security clearances for maintenance and repair work in classified areas of U.S. diplomatic or consular posts abroad; and (2) report to the Senate Foreign Relations Committee and the House Foreign Affairs Committee on the feasibility of requiring clearances for contractors performing such work in certain diplomatic facilities abroad.

Authorizes the Secretary to permit the Soviet mission to the United States to occupy a consulate facility in the United States after the Secretary certifies to the House Committee on Foreign Affairs and the Senate Committee on Foreign Relations that the U.S. mission in Kiev is able to occupy an interim facility for the conduct of unclassified activities. Requires the Secretary, no later than January 30, 1991, to submit to the Congress a plan and budget for permanent facilities for the U.S. mission in Kiev.

Amends the Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 1988 and 1989 to revise provisions regarding construction security certifications.

Requires the Secretary, with respect to local guard contracts for Foreign Service buildings which exceed $250,000 and are entered into after this Act's enactment to: (1) ensure that solicitations for such contracts are advertised in the Commerce and Business Daily; (2) ensure that diplomatic and consular post management assure that U.S. persons are not disadvantaged during the solicitation and bid evaluation process due to distance from the post; and (3) give preference to such persons when competitive and qualified to carry out the contract. Requires at least ten percent of the funds obligated for such contracts to be allocated, respectively, to U.S. small business and minority small business contractors. Prohibits prime contractors from subcontracting more than 50 percent of the total value of a contract for such projects.

Part D: Personnel - Directs the Secretary of the Treasury, when a foreign national employee so elects, to transfer such employee's interest in the Civil Service Retirement and Disability Fund to a trust or other local retirement plan (except a social security plan). Deems such transfers to be a complete and final payment of benefits under Federal provisions governing civil service compensation. Requires such transfers to occur after October 1, 1990.

Amends the Foreign Service Act of 1980 to prohibit members of the Foreign Service selection boards from being foreign agents or from receiving income from foreign governments while serving on such boards.

Authorizes judicial review of any separation for cause of a Foreign Service member. Provides that certain members of the Foreign Service who are separated for cause shall be subject to reinstatement with back pay unless convicted of a crime related to the separation for cause.

Authorizes the establishment of a Visiting Scholars Program at the Foreign Service Institute.

Prohibits extra credit for foreign service at an unhealthful post from being used to determine the eligibility of a person to qualify as a former spouse of a Foreign Service employee or to compute such person's pro rata share of employee credit. Prohibits such credit for service as a part of a tour of duty. Entitles qualified former spouses of former USIA and Agency for International Development (AID) employees to Foreign Service health, retirement, and survivor benefits if such an employee retired before participation in the Foreign Service Retirement and Disability System was possible and the marriage lasted at least five years during the overseas assignment.

Amends the State Department Basic Authorities Act of 1956 to authorize the Secretary of State, during FY 1990 and 1991, to make grants to child care facilities to offset the cost of such care in Moscow and at no more than five other posts abroad where the Secretary determines that such facilities are necessary to the efficient operation of the post.

Amends the Foreign Service Act of 1980 to revise provisions concerning the payment of travel expenses for Foreign Service members and their families in emergency situations.

Directs the Secretary to establish a Foreign Service Internship Program to introduce qualified individuals who reflect cultural and ethnic diversity to the practice of diplomacy. Provides that such Program shall consist of three successive summer internships and shall place special emphasis on preparation for the Foreign Service examination.

Makes eligible for internships students enrolled full-time in institutions of higher education from groups which are underrepresented in the Foreign Service in terms of cultural and ethnic diversity. Sets forth Program admission requirements. Directs the Secretary to select students on the basis of demonstrated academic achievement.

Sets forth the primary focus of the internships, including: (1) the study of international relations and the nature of the Foreign Service; (2) the assignment to a specific bureau of the Department of State; and (3) the assignment to a U.S. mission abroad.

Requires each intern to be assigned a career Foreign Service officer as a mentor. Directs the Secretary to give special preference to officers who volunteer for such assignment. Requires the Secretary to study and report to the House Committee on Foreign Affairs and the Senate Committee on Foreign Relations on the feasibility of administering the Foreign Service examination in annual increments. Requires the Secretary to report to the Congress on such Program. Authorizes appropriations.

Amends the State Department Basic Authorities Act of 1956 to authorize the Secretary to make grants to post-secondary institutions or students (with special emphasis on minorities) to promote awareness of, and interest in, Foreign Service employment. Requires satisfactory educational progress by grant recipients for continued receipt of such grants.

Prohibits the Secretary from denying requests by the Drug Enforcement Administration to authorize danger pay allowances for employees of such agency.

Requires recommendations made by the Foreign Service Grievance Board which were reviewed before the enactment of the Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 1988 and 1989 to be considered final actions of the Department of State.

Directs the Secretary to submit to the Congress a plan to assure that equal efforts are undertaken in each region of the United States to recruit policy and professional Government service employees and Foreign Service officers for the Department of State and affiliated agencies. Requires the Secretary to implement such plan no later than January 1, 1990. Directs the Inspector General of the State Department to report to the Congress on the composition of such employees and officers with respect to geographic distribution, race, ethnicity, gender, and handicapping conditions.

Includes as a prohibited discriminatory Foreign Service personnel practice discrimination based on geographic or educational affiliation within the United States.

Requires the Secretary to appoint a task force to study and make recommendations concerning improvements in the recruitment and promotion of Hispanic Americans at the Department of State and within the Foreign Service. Directs the Secretary to report to the Congress on Department of State efforts to increase the percentage of individuals who are at the assistant secretary and head of bureau levels from ethnic groups which are underrepresented in the Foreign Service.

Requires the Secretary to enter into a contract with a private organization for a review and evaluation of the Foreign Service examination. Requires such review to: (1) evaluate the ability of the examination to measure an individual's aptitude for, and potential in, the Foreign Service; (2) consider the relevance of the examination to the work of a Foreign Service officer; and (3) make recommendations to remove any element of bias in such examination. Directs the Secretary to report to the Congress the findings of such review, together with measures initiated by the Secretary in response to adverse findings.

Authorizes the Secretary to establish a Foreign Service fellowship program to provide fellowships to international affairs faculty members of institutions of higher education. Requires such program to give priority consideration in the award of such fellowships to individuals teaching in international affairs programs which serve significant numbers of students from cultural and ethnic groups which are underrepresented in the Foreign Service.

Directs the Secretary to report annually to the House Committee on Foreign Affairs and the Senate Committee on Foreign Relations on the Department of State polygraph program.

Requires the Secretary to contract with a private organization to: (1) conduct a study concerning sexual harassment at the Department of State and USIA; and (2) report the findings of such study, along with comments, to the House Committee on Foreign Affairs and the Senate Committee on Foreign Relations.

Directs the Secretary to establish and implement an appropriate housing policy and space standards in consultation with agencies or employees who participate in the overseas housing program. Prohibits such policy from providing housing or related benefits based solely on the representational status of the employee, unless such individual is the ambassador, deputy chief of mission, permanent charge, or consul general. Waives such status restriction where a documented need for such exception is established. Requires the Secretary to prepare an annual list of such exceptions.

Part E: Foreign Language Competence Within the Foreign Service - Directs the Secretary to designate as model foreign language competence posts at least six Foreign Service posts in each of the Department of State's five geographic bureaus in countries where English is not the common language. Requires Government employees assigned to such posts to possess an appropriate level of competence in the language common to the foreign country. Provides that at least one of the designated posts shall be in a country where the principal language is Arabic, Chinese, Japanese, or Russian. Requires such posts to continue as model foreign language posts at least until September 30, 1994. Directs the Secretary to report to the Senate Foreign Relations Committee and the House Foreign Affairs Committee on such program. Authorizes the Secretary to make exceptions to the requirements of the program if unanticipated exigencies so require. Prohibits certain posts from being designated as model foreign language posts under this Act. Authorizes appropriations.

Requires the Secretary to report to specified congressional committees on an entrance requirement for the Foreign Service of at least one world language at the General Professional Speaking Proficiency level or one nonworld language at the next lowest level.

Expresses the sense of the Congress that Foreign Service promotion panels should: (1) only promote candidates to the Senior Foreign Service who have demonstrated foreign language proficiency in at least one language at the General Professional Speaking Proficiency level; (2) strive for a minimum proficiency in two of such languages; and (3) have at least one person on each panel who has attained at least the General Professional Speaking Proficiency level.

Directs the Department of State, AID, and USIA to revise the evaluation reports for foreign service officers to include an assessment of an employee's effectiveness in using a foreign language tested at the General Professional Speaking Proficiency level. Requires the directors of personnel at such agencies to instruct promotion panels to take account of language ability and give precedence in promotions to officers who have achieved such level in one or more foreign languages.

Title II: United States Informational, Educational, and Cultural Programs - Part A: United States Information Agency - Authorizes appropriations for: (1) FY 1990 and 1991 for USIA (other than Voice of America (VOA)); and (2) FY 1990 for U.S. participation in the World's Fair in Seville. Prohibits the use of certain USIA funds for USIA salaries or expenses.

Amends the United States Information and Educational Exchange Act of 1948 to require the USIA Director to make motion pictures, films, and other materials prepared for dissemination abroad available to the Archivist of the United States for domestic distribution 12 years after the initial dissemination abroad.

Requires the Director to make available to the Archivist a master copy of the film entitled "Long Journey Home." Directs the Archivist to reimburse the Director for any expenses incurred in making such film available and to make such film available for purchase and public viewing in the United States.

Amends the Mutual Educational and Cultural Exchange Act of 1961 to redesignate the Board of Foreign Scholarships as the J. William Fulbright Scholarship Board. Requires the Board to ensure that academic and artistic freedoms of grant recipients are protected.

Amends the United States Information and Educational Exchange Act of 1948 to authorize the USIA Director to acquire time on commercial or U.S. Government satellites to transmit materials and programs to posts and other users abroad. Outlines the programs authorized to be acquired, produced, or broadcast. Requires the Director to give preferences to programs produced by U.S. public or commercial broadcasters where such programs are available at an equivalent or lower cost than USIA television programs. Earmarks specified amounts of USIA funds for USIA-TV. Requires the Director to transmit quarterly reports to the Congress on USIA-TV expenditures for FY 1990 and 1991. Earmarks specified amounts of USIA funds for the purchase or use of programs produced with grants from the Corporation for Public Broadcasting or produced by U.S. public broadcasters. Waives certain restrictions concerning television broadcasting under the Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 1988 and 1989 for FY 1990.

Revises provisions regarding the United States Advisory Commission on Public Diplomacy.

Authorizes the crediting of fees for USIA publications, English-teaching and library programs, and motion picture and television programs (with specified limits) to the applicable appropriation.

Requires the USIA Director, subject to the availability of appropriations, to enter into contracts for debt collection services to recover indebtedness owed by persons, other than foreign countries, to the United States arising from USIA activities. Directs the Director to disclose delinquent debt of more than $100 to credit reporting agencies.

Requires USIA to establish an international narcotics information network to disseminate information to foreign governments concerning U.S. programs to: (1) eliminate the illicit production, trafficking, and abuse of narcotic and psychotropic drugs and other controlled substances within the United States; and (2) promote drug abuse prevention and rehabilitation.

Directs the USIA Director to maintain and submit to the Congress an Afghanistan country plan.

Requires the U.S. Comptroller General to study and report to the House Committee on Foreign Affairs and the Senate Committee on Foreign Relations on the operations of the National Endowment for Democracy.

Directs the USIA Director to report to the chairman of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee and the Speaker of the House on the use of public television and radio programming material acquired in FY 1988 and 1989 and the projected use of such materials through FY 1992.

Part B: Bureau of Educational and Cultural Affairs - Authorizes additional appropriations for FY 1990 for the Bureau of Educational and Cultural Affairs, including funds for: (1) the International Visitors Program; (2) the Fulbright Academic Programs; (3) the Hubert H. Humphrey Fellowship Program; and (4) the Arts America Program. Earmarks funds for: (1) VOA training of media personnel from developing French-speaking countries; (2) scholarships for Tibetan students and professionals outside Tibet; and (3) scholarships for Burmese students and professionals outside Burma.

Amends the Mutual Educational and Cultural Exchange Act of 1961 to establish within the Bureau of Educational and Cultural Affairs an Office of Citizen Exchanges to support private nonprofit organizations engaged in such exchanges between the United States and other countries. Transfers to such Office all functions carried out by the Office of Private Sector Programs.

Expresses the sense of the Congress that USIA should consider broadening the placement of Humphrey Program fellows to provide exposure to the processes of the Congress and Federal, State, and local governments.

Part C: Voice of America - Authorizes appropriations for FY 1990 and 1991 for VOA.

Amends the United States Information and Educational Exchange Act of 1948 to prohibit VOA from selecting candidates who must be or are preapproved for employment by a foreign government or entity. Makes such prohibition inapplicable to participants in VOA's exchange programs or clerical, technical, or maintenance staff at VOA offices in foreign countries. Requires the USIA Director, in the event that such prohibition would require termination of a specific VOA language service, to report to the Senate Committee on Foreign Relations and the House Committee on Foreign Affairs on: (1) the number and location of speakers of the applicable language who could be recruited without violating the prohibition; and (2) the efforts made by VOA to recruit such persons for employment.

Directs USIA to establish and maintain through VOA a system of public service announcements focusing on child survival techniques. Requires the USIA Director to: (1) establish VOA broadcasts to Tibet to occur at least two hours daily during FY 1990 and 1991; and (2) report to the Congress on such programming. Authorizes additional appropriations for such programming. Permits the Director to transfer excessive USIA television and film service funds to VOA Tibet Service.

Authorizes the Director to: (1) enter into a contract for the construction of Thailand's VOA facilities for a period not to exceed five years; or (2) delegate such authority to the Department of the Army Corps of Engineers if there are sufficient funds to cover the Government's liability for payments for the first fiscal year plus the amount of cancellation costs.

Requires VOA, during FY 1990 and 1991, to broadcast its programs at least 12 hours each day into China.

Expresses the sense of the Congress that USIA and VOA should ensure that VOA equipment abroad is properly maintained to prevent deterioration.

Part D: Television Broadcasting to Cuba - Television Broadcasting to Cuba Act- Requires USIA to provide television broadcasting to Cuba. Designates such broadcasts as the USIA Television Marti Program.

Requires the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) to assign a frequency to such broadcasts. Prohibits such broadcasts if the FCC determines that such broadcasts are causing interference with domestic broadcasts. Requires the FCC to assist domestic licensees in overcoming the effects of such interference, including the authorization of increases in the radiated power of domestic television stations. Directs the FCC to notify the appropriate congressional committees if Television Marti broadcasts are ceased and to report on the progress in eliminating objectionable interference from the Program.

Requires the FCC to monitor and periodically report to the appropriate congressional committees on domestic interference from Cuban television and radio stations and from the Television Marti Program. Expresses the sense of the Congress that the President should establish a task force to analyze the level of such interference.

Requires the USIA Director to establish within VOA a Television Marti Service.

Amends the Radio Broadcasting to Cuba Act to redesignate the Advisory Board for Radio Broadcasting to Cuba as the Advisory Board for Cuba Broadcasting. Revises administrative provisions regarding the Board.

Authorizes assistance to USIA from other Federal agencies to carry out this Act.

Authorizes additional appropriations for FY 1990 and 1991 for television broadcasting to Cuba. Prohibits such funds from being expended unless the President notifies the appropriate congressional committees that such broadcasting is feasible pursuant to a test under the Departments of Commerce, Justice, and State, the Judiciary, and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 1989 and will not cause domestic interference. Requires the President to report the findings of such test to the appropriate congressional committees. Extends the period for such test.

Title III: Board for International Broadcasting - Amends the Board for International Broadcasting Act of 1973 to authorize appropriations for the Board for International Broadcasting for FY 1990 and 1991.

Authorizes appropriations to the Board for FY 1990 and 1991 for radio transmitter construction and modernization and construction of a relay station in Israel. Provides that at least ten percent of the amount available for U.S. contracts for the Israel project shall be only for contracts and subcontracts with economically and socially disadvantaged enterprises.

Prohibits the obligation or expenditure of funds appropriated for the Board: (1) unless such funds are appropriated pursuant to an authorization of appropriations; or (2) in excess of the authorized level of appropriations.

Amends the State Department Basic Authorities Act of 1956 to extend the authority of the Secretary to procure legal services for the chairman of the Board.

Title IV: International Organizations and Commissions - Authorizes the President to maintain U.S. membership in the International Sugar Organization and the International Tropical Timber Organization. Allows U.S. contributions to such organizations to be paid from funds appropriated for contributions to international organizations, beginning in FY 1991.

Authorizes the President to maintain U.S. membership in the International Union for the Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources.

Authorizes appropriations for FY 1990 and 1991 for specified international environmental organizations and conventions.

Authorizes appropriations for FY 1990 for the Commission on the Ukraine Famine.

Expresses the sense of the Congress that the President should ensure that the United Nations continues to pay sufficient attention to the United States and other major financial contributors in consensus-based decision-making procedures on budgetary matters. Directs the President to withhold up to 20 percent of funds for the U.S. assessed contribution to the United Nations or its agencies until the President determines that the United Nations or any such agency: (1) has continued implementing decision-making procedures in such a manner; (2) is making progress toward the elimination of secondment in the United Nations Secretariat; and (3) is implementing the 15 percent reduction in staff of the Secretariat and such reduction is being equitably applied among the nationals on such staff. Requires the President to notify the Congress upon making such determinations.

Directs the Secretary to report annually to the Speaker of the House and the chairman of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee on the voting practices of governments represented at the United Nations and the responsiveness of such governments to U.S. policy. Repeals provisions of specified Acts concerning such voting practices.

Requires the President to use authority to deny any individual admission to the United States as a United Nations representative if such individual has been found to have engaged in espionage activities against the United States or poses a threat to U.S. national security interests.

Expresses the sense of the Congress that the Secretary should monitor closely the changes achieved in the United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) and should work with U.S. allies and the UNESCO leadership to promote U.S. reentry into UNESCO.

Directs the Secretary to report to the Congress on the activities of UNESCO after December 31, 1984.

Amends the Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 1988 and 1989 to revise a provision regarding contributions to the United States Commission on Improving the Effectiveness of the United Nations.

Commends and supports U.S. efforts to broaden the compulsory jurisdiction and enhance the effectiveness of the International Court of Justice.

Authorizes the expenditure from appropriations available to the International Boundary and Water Commission for repairs of sanitation works threatened or destroyed by flood waters of the Colorado or Tijuana Rivers and for taking emergency actions against health threatening sanitation problems by repairing or replacing capital infrastructure along the United States-Mexico boundary.

Permits the President to carry out preliminary surveys, operations, and maintenance of the system constructed to intercept sewage flows from Tijuana and selected canyon areas. Prohibits the operation of the Anzalduas diversion dam for irrigation or water supply purposes in the United States unless arrangements have been made with the prospective users for repayment to the Government of the allocated portions of such dam.

Authorizes the Secretary to conduct investigations relating to the drainage of transboundary waters between the United States and Mexico.

Directs the Secretary to report to the House Committee on Foreign Affairs and the Senate Committee on Foreign Relations on U.S. participation in all bilateral and multilateral commissions for which appropriations are authorized under the international commissions account of the Department of State.

Prohibits any funds authorized to appropriated under this or any other Act from being available to the United Nations or any specialized agency which accords the PLO the same standing as member states. Provides for the reprogramming of such funds to any other Department of State or AID account.

Expresses the sense of the Congress that: (1) international burdensharing of the costs of the United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestinian Refugees in the Near East (UNRWA) is crucial to the survival of such organization; (2) the Secretary should redouble efforts to promote such burdensharing; and (3) regular and substantial contributions by the Arab states to UNRWA would reflect the commitment of Arab states to a peaceful political settlement in the Middle East. Requires the Secretary to report to the House Committee on Foreign Affairs and the Senate Committee on Foreign Relations on the progress with regard to the promotion of such burdensharing.

Declares that; (1) the United States should use all appropriate means to obtain rescission by the United Nations General Assembly of Resolution No. 3379 (maintains that Zionism is a form of racism) and calls on the General Assembly to do so; and (2) the United Nations constitutes an inappropriate forum for the sponsorship of any international conference on the Arab-Israeli conflict as long as such resolution is in effect.

Prohibits the expenditure of funds authorized to be appropriated in this Act for assistance with respect to the Tripartite Agreement among Angola, Cuba, and South Africa until the President certifies to the Congress that the United States has received assurances from each of the parties to the Bilateral Agreement between Angola and Cuba and the United Nations Secretary General that all Cuban troops will be withdrawn from Angola by July 1, 1991. Prohibits the expenditure of such funds if: (1) the Government of Cuba fails to comply with its obligations under the Bilateral Agreement relating to the redeployment and withdrawal of Cuban troops; or (2) any Cuban troops remain in Angola after such date. Requires the President, no more than 15 days after each scheduled phase of the redeployment and withdrawal of Cuban troops, to report to the House Committee on Foreign Affairs and the Senate Committee on Foreign Relations on whether the signatories of the Tripartite Agreement are complying with such Agreement.

Provides that funds appropriated for the implementation of the Tripartite Agreement shall be available only if the President certifies that: (1) parties to such Agreement are in compliance with such Agreement and Cuba has complied with redeployment and withdrawal provisions of the Bilateral Agreement; (2) Cuba has not engaged in any offensive military actions against the Union for the Total Independence of Angola; (3) the United Nations has terminated all funding for the South West Africa People's Organization; and (4) the United Nations Angola Verification Mission is demonstrating diligence and professionalism in verifying the departure of Cuban troops and the recording of troop rotations.

Title V: Asia Foundation - Amends the Asia Foundation Act to authorize appropriations for the Asia Foundation for FY 1990 and 1991. Earmarks specified amounts of such funds for the expansion of programs and services for Oceania.

Title VI: Inter-American Foundation - Amends the Inter-American Foundation Act to authorize appropriations for the Inter-American Foundation for FY 1990 and 1991.

Title VII: Refugee and Other Provisions - Amends the Migration and Refugee Assistance Act of 1962 to make technical amendments to a provision regarding audits of funds received by the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees.

Directs the Secretary to: (1) report to specified congressional committees on U.S. immigration and refugee policy toward Burmese pro-democracy protesters who have fled from the Burmese Government and are now located in border camps or inside Thailand; and (2) recommend any policy or legislative changes to meet the asylum, refugee, parole, or visa status of such persons.

Condemns the brutal treatment of, and blatant discrimination against, the Turkish minority by the Government of Bulgaria.

Calls upon the Bulgarian authorities to cease all such discriminatory practices, release all those imprisoned because of their participation in nonviolent political acts, and honor obligations concerning the right of all Bulgarians to emigrate.

Urges the President and Secretary of State to make strong diplomatic representations to Bulgaria protesting its treatment of its Turkish minority and to raise this issue in all appropriate international fora.

Title VIII: PLO Commitments Compliance Act of 1989 - PLO Commitments Compliance Act of 1989 - Reiterates the U.S. policy that any dialogue with the PLO shall be contingent upon the PLO's recognition of Israel's right to exist, its acceptance of United Nations Security Council Resolutions 242 and 338, and its abstention from, and renunciation of, all acts of terrorism.

Expresses the sense of the Congress that the United States, in any discussions with the PLO, should seek: (1) the prevention of terrorism and other violent activity by the PLO or its factions; and (2) the implementation of concrete steps by the PLO consistent with its commitments to recognize Israel and renounce terrorism.

Requires the U.S. representative, during the next round of talks with the PLO, to obtain from the PLO representative a full accounting of specified attempted incursions into Israel which occurred after Yasser Arafat's statement of December 14, 1988. Directs the Secretary to report to the chairman of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee and the Speaker of the House any such accounting.

Requires the President, as long as the dialogue between the United States and the PLO continues, to report every 120 days to the Speaker of the House and the chairman of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee on the PLO's progress in achieving concrete actions to further the peace process.

Directs the Secretary to report to the Congress on policies of Arab states toward the Middle East peace process, including: (1) public recognition of Israel's right to exist in peace and security; (2) ending the Arab economic boycott of Israel; and (3) ending efforts to expel Israel from international organizations or denying participation in such organizations.

Title IX: People's Republic of China - Expresses the sense of the Congress that: (1) the President is to be commended for his condemnation of the actions of the Chinese Government in the killing and persecution of participants of the prodemocracy movement in China; (2) the consultative approach used by the President in coordinating the U.S. response to such atrocities with other countries should be supported; (3) it is essential that the President be given flexibility to respond to rapidly-changing situations so that the long-term interests of the United States are not damaged; (4) the President should continue to emphasize that resumption of normal diplomatic and military relations between the United States and China will depend on the halting of executions of prodemocracy supporters, releasing those imprisoned for political beliefs, and increasing respect for human rights; (5) the United Nations should condemn such repression, including the abuse of African students, and urge the Chinese Government to enter into negotiations with representatives of the prodemocracy movement; (6) U.S. policy toward China should be linked with the situation in Tibet; (7) the President should convey to the Chinese leadership the importance of living up to its international undertaking with respect to the 1984 Joint Declaration for Hong Kong; (8) the Secretary should convey to the British Government U.S. concern for continued respect for human rights in Hong Kong and the need to accelerate progress toward representative government through free and fair direct elections; (9) the United States should offer admission to the United States to any Chinese national who is under the threat of severe penalty as a result of participating in prodemocracy activities; and (10) the President should be commended for providing temporary refuge to Fang Lizhi and Li Shuxian at the U.S. embassy in Bejing and should continue to provide refuge to such individuals to ensure their safety.

Expresses the sense of the Congress that: (1) the Export-Import Bank should postpone approval for financing of U.S. exports to China; (2) U.S. executive directors of international financial institutions should oppose the extension of financial assistance to China; (3) the President should review the advisability of continuing to extend most-favored nation trade treatment to Chinese products, all bilateral trade agreements between the United States and China, bilateral commercial agreements concerning satellite launches, and the Chinese-American Agreement for Cooperation on the Peaceful Uses of Atomic Energy signed in July 1985, if systematic repression in China deepens; and (4) the President should consult with members of the Coordinating Committee on Exports to Communist Countries and the other signatories of the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade to review China's status with regard to such organizations, if such repression deepens.

Continues the suspension to China of Overseas Private Investment Corporation financial support, assistance from the Trade and Development Program, munitions and crime control equipment exports, and exports of U.S. satellites intended for launch by a Chinese launch vehicle unless the President reports to the Congress that: (1) China has made progress on a program of political reform throughout the country, including Tibet; or (2) it is in U.S. national security interests to terminate such a suspension. Suspends licenses for export to China of goods or technology which could be used for nuclear explosive purposes until the President: (1) has certified to the Congress that China is not assisting and will not assist any non-nuclear nation in acquiring nuclear explosive devices or materials; and (2) the President makes a certain required report.

Requires the President to negotiate with governments participating in the Coordinating Committee to suspend any liberalization of controls on exports of goods and technology to China under the Export Administration Act of 1979. Directs the President to oppose any liberalization by the Committee until six months after this Act's enactment or until the President reports that such suspension should be terminated.

Exempts from the suspension on the issuance of munitions export licenses any systems and components designed specifically for civil products and controlled as defense articles only for purposes of export to a controlled country, unless the President determines that the recipient of such items is the Chinese military or security forces.

Requires the President to report to the Congress on the effect and status of sanctions imposed against China and the steps taken by China to institute a program of political reform.

Title X: Miscellaneous Provisions - Amends the State Department Basic Authorities Act of 1956 to increase the amount of rewards for furnishing information on international terrorism.

Requires the U.S. Foreign and Commercial Service to assign to the U.S. Mission to the European Community in Brussels at least three commercial officers and other support staff.

Authorizes the Secretary, with the concurrence of the U.S. Trade Representative and the Secretary of Commerce, to award to a domestic firm a contract that would be awarded, under competitive procedures, to a foreign firm if: (1) the final product of the domestic firm will be completely assembled in the United States; (2) at least 50 percent of such product will be domestically produced when completely assembled; and (3) the difference between the bids submitted by the foreign and domestic firms is not more than six percent.

Urges the United States to recognize the bicentennial of Benjamin Franklin's death and calls on Federal agencies to recognize the preservation goals of the Friends of Benjamin Franklin House and the American Franklin Friends Committee.

Expresses the sense of the Congress that: (1) the proposal concerning the establishment of an Association of Democratic Nations offered by Prime Minister Bhutto of Pakistan is in the interest of the United States; and (2) the President should consider implementing such proposal and should report to the Congress on the merits and estimated costs of establishing such Association.

Calls on the Secretary General of the United Nations to: (1) act upon a resolution concerning human rights in Cuba; and (2) urge the Government of Cuba to release at least 26 persons held in detention because of human rights activities.

Expresses the sense of the Congress that all international agreements pertaining to the international boundaries of the United States should be submitted to the Congress for consideration.

Requires the Secretary to report annually (for two years) to the House Committee on Foreign Affairs and the Senate Committee on Foreign Relations on U.S. policy with respect to Oceania, including recommendations to ensure a strong U.S. presence in such region.

Directs the Secretary to report to the Congress on: (1) the feasibility and effect of a meeting among Canada, Mexico, and the United States to discuss greater economic integration and cooperation; (2) the factors related to an economically integrated and cooperative border region between Mexico and the United States; and (3) the adequacy of resources of the Department of State in addressing U.S. relations with Mexico.

Earmarks a specified amount of Department of State funds for FY 1990 for continued support for the establishment of a Latin American and Caribbean data base.

Title XI: Budget Act Compliance - Sets forth limitations on spending and contract authorities under this Act.