H.R.3497 - Home Repairs for Older and Disabled Homeowners Act of 1989101st Congress (1989-1990)
|Sponsor:||Rep. Florio, James J. [D-NJ-1] (Introduced 10/19/1989)|
|Committees:||House - Banking, Finance, and Urban Affairs|
|Latest Action:||House - 11/01/1989 Referred to the Subcommittee on Housing and Community Development. (All Actions)|
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Text: H.R.3497 — 101st Congress (1989-1990)All Information (Except Text)
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Introduced in House
HR 3497 IH 101st CONGRESS 1st Session H. R. 3497 To authorize the Secretary of Housing and Urban Development to make grants to locally based nonprofit organizations, local governments, and Indian tribes to provide home repairs and modifications for older and disabled homeowners. IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES October 19, 1989 Mr. FLORIO (for himself and Ms. OAKAR) introduced the following bill; which was referred to the Committee on Banking, Finance and Urban Affairs A BILL To authorize the Secretary of Housing and Urban Development to make grants to locally based nonprofit organizations, local governments, and Indian tribes to provide home repairs and modifications for older and disabled homeowners. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE. This Act may be cited as the `Home Repairs for Older and Disabled Homeowners Act of 1989'. SEC. 2. FINDINGS AND PURPOSES. (a) FINDINGS- The Congress finds that-- (1) many older individuals `age in place' and prefer to remain in their homes rather than enter an institutional setting; (2) many disabled individuals prefer to live in their own homes rather than enter an institutional setting; (3) 75 percent of senior citizens own their own homes; (4) 86 percent of low-income older homeowners pay 30 percent or more of their incomes for basic housing expenses, which include mortgage payments, utilities, taxes, and insurance; (5) compared to other age groups of homeowners, older homeowners have the highest level of substandard housing; (6) the problem of substandard housing among older individuals is especially severe for minority and women homeowners, homeowners who live alone, and homeowners living in rural areas; (7) home repairs are necessary for the continued independence of older and disabled homeowners and for the preservation of existing housing stock; (8) many older and disabled homeowners do not undertake routine repairs not only because of scarcity of financial resources, but also because of unrecognized need for such repairs, fear of being defrauded by contractors, difficulty in finding contractors for small repairs, or lack of the know-how or physical capabilities to perform repairs; (9) older and disabled individuals have many skills that can benefit the community and at the same time help them to remain a part of community life; (10) older individuals who are members of minority groups are underutilized in community projects; (11) neighborhood and community groups should be utilized to a greater extent in assisting older and disabled homeowners, especially in minority communities; (12) many older and disabled homeowners have social service needs in addition to needs for home repairs; and (13) the Seven City Home Maintenance Demonstration for the Elderly, administered by the Department of Housing and Urban Development in 1981 and 1982, and other programs throughout the Nation have shown that minor home repairs can be accomplished in a cost-effective manner with significant benefits to older and disabled homeowners and progress in preserving the housing stock in the United States. (b) PURPOSES- The purposes of this Act are-- (1) to assist older homeowners and disabled homeowners with home repairs and modifications to enhance their quality of life, assist them in remaining in their homes, and prevent housing stock deterioration; (2) to reduce the number of disabling and fatal accidents that occur in the home to older individuals; (3) to facilitate outreach by and improve the capacity of neighborhood and community groups to assist low-income minority, older and disabled homeowners and provide a method of referral to other social services; (4) to empower older and disabled homeowners, especially in minority communities, to remain independent and participate more fully in community life; (5) to more fully utilize the talents of older and disabled volunteers; (6) to contribute to the revitalization of neighborhoods by stimulating community involvement and pride through improved housing quality and increased participation of older and disabled homeowners in volunteer work; and (7) to provide home repair services in a manner modeled on effective and successful home repair programs, including the Seven City Home Maintenance Demonstration for the Elderly administered by the Department of Housing and Urban Development. SEC. 3. AUTHORITY TO MAKE GRANTS FOR HOME REPAIR SERVICES FOR OLDER HOMEOWNERS AND DISABLED HOMEOWNERS. The Secretary of Housing and Urban Development shall make grants under this Act, to the extent amounts are provided in appropriation Acts pursuant to section 13, to eligible organizations to provide home repair services for older homeowners and disabled homeowners. SEC. 4. ELIGIBLE ORGANIZATIONS. Grants under this Act may only be made to locally based nonprofit organizations, local governments, and Indian tribes. SEC. 5. APPLICATION AND SELECTION. (a) APPLICATION- The Secretary shall prescribe the form and procedures for eligible organizations to apply for grants under this Act. (b) SELECTION- The Secretary shall select eligible organizations applying under subsection (a) to receive grants under this Act. The Secretary shall prescribe a procedure for the selection, which shall be competitive in operation and based on the criteria and the relative importance of the criteria under subsection (c). (c) CRITERIA FOR SELECTION- In selecting eligible organizations to receive grants under this Act, the Secretary shall consider the following criteria (listed in order of importance): (1) NEED- The need for home repair services in the area served by the applicant. (2) COMMITMENT- The commitment demonstrated by the applicant to assisting older and disabled individuals, especially minority and low-income homeowners. (3) NON-FEDERAL FUNDING- The extent to which the applicant can commit funds and services to, and acquire non-Federal funds, services, and other in-kind contributions for, home repair services. (4) EXPERIENCE- The experience of the applicant in the delivery of home repair services or other similar services. (5) VOLUNTEERS- The commitment of the applicant to the use of older and disabled individuals, in volunteer or employee positions, in the performance of home repair services and other activities carried out by the applicant. (6) MANAGEMENT- The ability of the applicant to efficiently manage the provision of home repair services while maintaining a high quality of services. (7) COORDINATION WITH OTHER ORGANIZATIONS- The ability of the applicant to coordinate its functions under this Act with other organizations providing home repair services and other services for older and disabled individuals. (8) COORDINATION WITH FEDERAL RESOURCES- The ability of the applicant to coordinate and combine funds and services under this Act with existing Federal and other resources. (d) ALLOCATION- The Secretary shall allocate grants under this Act in a manner to ensure, to the extent practicable, that grants are received by applicants throughout the United States, including rural areas, and to provide for diversity in the size and type of eligible organizations that receive the grants. (e) AMOUNT- In making grants under this Act, the Secretary shall consider the limitation under subsection (f) and the anticipated cost to the applicant of providing home repair services during the period beginning on the date of the making of a grant and ending 24 months thereafter. Notwithstanding the previous sentence, a grant under this Act may not exceed $300,000. (f) 2-YEAR GRANTS- A recipient of a grant under this Act may not receive any other grant under this Act for the 24-month period beginning on the date that the recipient receives the grant. SEC. 6. HOME REPAIR SERVICES. (a) IN GENERAL- Each recipient of a grant under this Act shall use any amounts provided under the grant to provide home repair services for eligible older and disabled individuals as follows: (1) EXAMINATION- The recipient shall provide for the examination of the homes of eligible older and disabled individuals, upon a request for repair services, to identify repair and maintenance problems and determine repair services to be provided. An examination under this paragraph may be waived if the recipient provides for an alternative method of determining whether repairs are necessary that is adequate in the determination of the Secretary. (2) PROVISION- The home repair services shall include the following: (A) Preventive repairs and modifications. (B) Weatherization and energy-related measures. (C) Emergency repairs. (D) Security-related repairs. (E) Repairs to enhance accessibility and suitability of the home to the residents. (F) General repairs and other appropriate repairs. (3) FOLLOW-UP- The recipient shall provide for contacting each individual for whom home repair services have been provided upon the expiration of a reasonable period of time after the provision of such services to ensure the continued effectiveness of the repairs and to address any complaints regarding the repairs. Such contact shall include, if practicable, an on-site inspection of the repairs. (b) ELIGIBILITY OF INDIVIDUALS FOR HOME REPAIR SERVICES- Each recipient of a grant under this Act shall provide home repair services only to individuals who meet all of the following criteria: (1) HOMEOWNER- The individual is the owner of and resides in the dwelling or dwelling unit for which services are provided. (2) OLDER OR DISABLED INDIVIDUAL- The individual is an older or disabled individual. (3) LOWER INCOME- The individual and the family of the individual residing in the dwelling or dwelling unit, if applicable, is a lower income family. (c) ELIGIBILITY OF HOMES FOR HOME REPAIR SERVICES- Each recipient of a grant under this Act shall provide home repair services only for dwellings or dwelling units that are the primary residence of the eligible older or disabled individual for whom services are provided. Such dwellings may include mobile homes and condominium and cooperative units. (d) REQUIRED NUMBER OF OLDER AND DISABLED HOMEOWNERS SERVED- For each grant made under this Act, the recipient of the grant shall provide home repair services to not less than the number of eligible older and disabled individuals that is determined by dividing 85 percent of the amount of the grant by an amount, to be determined by the Secretary, that represents the estimated average cost per repair (by a recipient conducting home repairs under this Act), considering the cost of living and construction costs for the area to be served by the recipient. (e) PREFERENCES FOR INDIVIDUALS SERVED- Each recipient of a grant under this Act shall establish a preference for providing home repair services for families and individuals otherwise eligible under subsection (b) as follows: (1) VERY LOW-INCOME- Families and individuals whose incomes do not exceed 50 percent of the median income for the area involved, as determined by the Secretary with adjustments for smaller and larger families. (2) SOCIAL NEED- Individuals with the greatest social need for the home repair services. For purposes of this paragraph, the term `social need' means need caused by noneconomic factors. Such noneconomic factors shall include physical and mental disabilities, language barriers, and cultural, social, or geographical isolation including isolation caused by racial or ethnic status that restricts the ability of an individual to perform normal daily tasks or that threatens the capacity of such individual to live independently. (f) FEES- (1) ENROLLMENT FEE- Each recipient of a grant under this Act shall charge each eligible older or disabled individual who receives home repair services from the recipient an enrollment fee not to exceed $20 per year, except that the recipient may waive the fee at its discretion. (2) REPAIR SERVICES FEE- Each recipient of a grant under this Act may charge fees for home repair services provided to eligible older and disabled individuals. Any fee under this paragraph shall be based on the income of the individual receiving the home repair services and may not be implemented in a manner or amount that discourages older or disabled individuals from acquiring home repair services from the recipient. (g) LIMITATION ON ADMINISTRATIVE COSTS- Each recipient of a grant under this Act may use not more than 15 percent of any amounts received under the grant for administrative costs relating to providing home repair services. Administrative costs under this subsection shall include costs for planning, management, training, processing of applications for home repair services, providing for referrals under section 7, and any other administrative functions related to the delivery of home repair services to older or disabled individuals. SEC. 7. REFERRALS. Each recipient of a grant under this Act shall provide, upon request, to older and disabled individuals who contact the recipient for home repair services, information regarding other appropriate agencies and organizations in the area that provide services to individuals other than home repair services. SEC. 8. COLLECTION OF DATA. Each recipient of a grant under this Act shall provide for the collection of information regarding the provision by the recipient of home repair services under section 6(a) and the older and disabled individuals for whom the recipient provided home repair services. The recipient shall protect the confidentiality of the individuals from and about whom information is collected under this section. Information collected under this section shall include the following: (1) DEMOGRAPHICS- The age, sex, race, income, and number of people in the household of the individual served. (2) REPAIRS- The number, type, and cost of repairs made. (3) VOLUNTEERS- The extent of use of older and other volunteers by the recipient in providing home repair services. (4) MINORITIES- The extent of use of minority contractors, employees, and volunteers by the recipient in providing home repair services. (5) HOUSING QUALITY- The quality of housing stock in the area. (6) MAJOR REPAIRS- The prevalence of need for major repairs. (7) MODERATE INCOME INDIVIDUALS- The extent of need for home repairs by older individuals whose income exceeds the limitation under section 6(b)(3) for receiving home repair services. (8) SOCIAL SERVICES- The extent of need for social services among individuals for whom home repair services are provided and the extent to which such needs are being met. (9) INCOME ASSISTANCE- The extent to which individuals for whom home repair services are provided receive income assistance, from any source, and the extent to which such assistance is available. (10) OTHER- Any other information that the Secretary considers appropriate. SEC. 9. MANUALS. The Secretary shall develop and distribute, to each recipient of a grant under this Act, a manual to assist the recipient in providing home repair services under section 6(a). The manual shall also provide a standardized manner for organization and assessment of information collected under section 8. SEC. 10. REPORTS. (a) GRANT RECIPIENTS- Each recipient of a grant under this Act shall submit to the Secretary, not more than 30 days after the expiration of each of the 2 successive 12-month periods (the first such period beginning on the date that the recipient receives a grant), a report containing the information collected under section 8 and any other information that the Secretary may require. (b) SECRETARY- The Secretary shall submit to the Congress, not more than 90 days after the expiration of each fiscal year that the Secretary makes grants under this Act, a report describing the grants made, the home repair services provided with the grants, the cost figure used by the Secretary under section 6(d), and summaries of the information submitted under subsection (a) by recipients of grants. SEC. 11. DEFINITIONS. For purposes of this Act: (1) DISABLED INDIVIDUAL- The term `disabled individual' means an individual with a disability attributable to mental or physical impairment, or a combination of mental and physical impairments, that results in substantial functional limitations in 1 or more of the following areas of major life activity: (A) Self-care. (B) Receptive and expressive language. (C) Learning. (D) Mobility. (E) Self-direction. (F) Capacity for independent living. (G) Economic self-sufficiency. (H) Cognitive functioning. (I) Emotional adjustment. (2) ELIGIBLE OLDER OR DISABLED INDIVIDUAL- The term `eligible older or disabled individual' means any older or disabled individual eligible under section 6(b) to receive home repair services provided pursuant to a grant under this Act. (3) ELIGIBLE ORGANIZATION- The term `eligible organization' means any nonprofit organization, local government, or Indian tribe eligible under section 4 to receive a grant under this Act. (4) HOME REPAIR SERVICES- The term `home repair services' means services for home repairs and modifications under section 6(a). (5) INDIAN TRIBE- The term `Indian tribe' means any Indian tribe, band, nation, or other organized group or community which is recognized as eligible for the special programs and services provided by the United States to Indians because of their status as Indians. (6) LOCAL GOVERNMENT- The term `local government' means any borough, city, county, parish, town, township, village, or other general purpose political subdivision of a State. The term includes any agency of or office within any local government. (7) LOWER INCOME FAMILY- The term `lower income family' means families and individuals whose incomes do not exceed 80 percent of the median income for the area involved, as determined by the Secretary with adjustments for smaller and larger families, except that the Secretary may establish income ceilings higher or lower than 80 percent of the median for the area on the basis of the findings of the Secretary that such variations are necessary because of prevailing levels of construction costs or unusually high or low family incomes. (8) OLDER INDIVIDUAL- The term `older individual' means any individual of 60 years of age or older. (9) OWNER- The term `owner' includes any individual who owns a dwelling, whether or not subject to a mortgage or other lien given to secure advances on, or the unpaid purchase price of the dwelling. The term does not include any individual who is a lessee with regard to the primary residence of the individual. (10) RECIPIENT- The term `recipient' means an eligible organization that receives a grant under this Act. SEC. 12. REGULATIONS. The Secretary shall issue any regulations necessary to carry out this Act not later than the expiration of the 90-day period beginning on the date of the enactment of this Act. SEC. 13. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS. There is authorized to be appropriated for grants under this Act such sums as may be necessary during fiscal years 1991 and 1992.