Text: H.R.3497 — 101st Congress (1989-1990)All Information (Except Text)

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HR 3497 IH
101st CONGRESS
1st Session
 H. R. 3497
To authorize the Secretary of Housing and Urban Development to make grants to
locally based nonprofit organizations, local governments, and Indian tribes
to provide home repairs and modifications for older and disabled homeowners.
IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES
October 19, 1989
Mr. FLORIO (for himself and Ms. OAKAR) introduced the following bill; which
was referred to the Committee on Banking, Finance and Urban Affairs
A BILL
To authorize the Secretary of Housing and Urban Development to make grants to
locally based nonprofit organizations, local governments, and Indian tribes
to provide home repairs and modifications for older and disabled homeowners.
  Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United
  States of America in Congress assembled,
SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE.
  This Act may be cited as the `Home Repairs for Older and Disabled Homeowners
  Act of 1989'.
SEC. 2. FINDINGS AND PURPOSES.
  (a) FINDINGS- The Congress finds that--
  (1) many older individuals `age in place' and prefer to remain in their
  homes rather than enter an institutional setting;
  (2) many disabled individuals prefer to live in their own homes rather
  than enter an institutional setting;
  (3) 75 percent of senior citizens own their own homes;
  (4) 86 percent of low-income older homeowners pay 30 percent or more of
  their incomes for basic housing expenses, which include mortgage payments,
  utilities, taxes, and insurance;
  (5) compared to other age groups of homeowners, older homeowners have the
  highest level of substandard housing;
  (6) the problem of substandard housing among older individuals is especially
  severe for minority and women homeowners, homeowners who live alone,
  and homeowners living in rural areas;
  (7) home repairs are necessary for the continued independence of older
  and disabled homeowners and for the preservation of existing housing stock;
  (8) many older and disabled homeowners do not undertake routine repairs
  not only because of scarcity of financial resources, but also because of
  unrecognized need for such repairs, fear of being defrauded by contractors,
  difficulty in finding contractors for small repairs, or lack of the know-how
  or physical capabilities to perform repairs;
  (9) older and disabled individuals have many skills that can benefit the
  community and at the same time help them to remain a part of community life;
  (10) older individuals who are members of minority groups are underutilized
  in community projects;
  (11) neighborhood and community groups should be utilized to a greater
  extent in assisting older and disabled homeowners, especially in minority
  communities;
  (12) many older and disabled homeowners have social service needs in
  addition to needs for home repairs; and
  (13) the Seven City Home Maintenance Demonstration for the Elderly,
  administered by the Department of Housing and Urban Development in 1981 and
  1982, and other programs throughout the Nation have shown that minor home
  repairs can be accomplished in a cost-effective manner with significant
  benefits to older and disabled homeowners and progress in preserving the
  housing stock in the United States.
  (b) PURPOSES- The purposes of this Act are--
  (1) to assist older homeowners and disabled homeowners with home repairs
  and modifications to enhance their quality of life, assist them in remaining
  in their homes, and prevent housing stock deterioration;
  (2) to reduce the number of disabling and fatal accidents that occur in
  the home to older individuals;
  (3) to facilitate outreach by and improve the capacity of neighborhood
  and community groups to assist low-income minority, older and disabled
  homeowners and provide a method of referral to other social services;
  (4) to empower older and disabled homeowners, especially in minority
  communities, to remain independent and participate more fully in community
  life;
  (5) to more fully utilize the talents of older and disabled volunteers;
  (6) to contribute to the revitalization of neighborhoods by stimulating
  community involvement and pride through improved housing quality and
  increased participation of older and disabled homeowners in volunteer
  work; and
  (7) to provide home repair services in a manner modeled on effective and
  successful home repair programs, including the Seven City Home Maintenance
  Demonstration for the Elderly administered by the Department of Housing
  and Urban Development.
SEC. 3. AUTHORITY TO MAKE GRANTS FOR HOME REPAIR SERVICES FOR OLDER HOMEOWNERS
AND DISABLED HOMEOWNERS.
  The Secretary of Housing and Urban Development shall make grants under this
  Act, to the extent amounts are provided in appropriation Acts pursuant to
  section 13, to eligible organizations to provide home repair services for
  older homeowners and disabled homeowners.
SEC. 4. ELIGIBLE ORGANIZATIONS.
  Grants under this Act may only be made to locally based nonprofit
  organizations, local governments, and Indian tribes.
SEC. 5. APPLICATION AND SELECTION.
  (a) APPLICATION- The Secretary shall prescribe the form and procedures
  for eligible organizations to apply for grants under this Act.
  (b) SELECTION- The Secretary shall select eligible organizations applying
  under subsection (a) to receive grants under this Act. The Secretary shall
  prescribe a procedure for the selection, which shall be competitive in
  operation and based on the criteria and the relative importance of the
  criteria under subsection (c).
  (c) CRITERIA FOR SELECTION- In selecting eligible organizations to receive
  grants under this Act, the Secretary shall consider the following criteria
  (listed in order of importance):
  (1) NEED- The need for home repair services in the area served by the
  applicant.
  (2) COMMITMENT- The commitment demonstrated by the applicant to assisting
  older and disabled individuals, especially minority and low-income
  homeowners.
  (3) NON-FEDERAL FUNDING- The extent to which the applicant can commit
  funds and services to, and acquire non-Federal funds, services, and other
  in-kind contributions for, home repair services.
  (4) EXPERIENCE- The experience of the applicant in the delivery of home
  repair services or other similar services.
  (5) VOLUNTEERS- The commitment of the applicant to the use of older and
  disabled individuals, in volunteer or employee positions, in the performance
  of home repair services and other activities carried out by the applicant.
  (6) MANAGEMENT- The ability of the applicant to efficiently manage the
  provision of home repair services while maintaining a high quality of
  services.
  (7) COORDINATION WITH OTHER ORGANIZATIONS- The ability of the applicant to
  coordinate its functions under this Act with other organizations providing
  home repair services and other services for older and disabled individuals.
  (8) COORDINATION WITH FEDERAL RESOURCES- The ability of the applicant to
  coordinate and combine funds and services under this Act with existing
  Federal and other resources.
  (d) ALLOCATION- The Secretary shall allocate grants under this Act in a
  manner to ensure, to the extent practicable, that grants are received by
  applicants throughout the United States, including rural areas, and to
  provide for diversity in the size and type of eligible organizations that
  receive the grants.
  (e) AMOUNT- In making grants under this Act, the Secretary shall consider the
  limitation under subsection (f) and the anticipated cost to the applicant
  of providing home repair services during the period beginning on the date
  of the making of a grant and ending 24 months thereafter. Notwithstanding
  the previous sentence, a grant under this Act may not exceed $300,000.
  (f) 2-YEAR GRANTS- A recipient of a grant under this Act may not receive
  any other grant under this Act for the 24-month period beginning on the
  date that the recipient receives the grant.
SEC. 6. HOME REPAIR SERVICES.
  (a) IN GENERAL- Each recipient of a grant under this Act shall use any
  amounts provided under the grant to provide home repair services for
  eligible older and disabled individuals as follows:
  (1) EXAMINATION- The recipient shall provide for the examination of the
  homes of eligible older and disabled individuals, upon a request for repair
  services, to identify repair and maintenance problems and determine repair
  services to be provided. An examination under this paragraph may be waived
  if the recipient provides for an alternative method of determining whether
  repairs are necessary that is adequate in the determination of the Secretary.
  (2) PROVISION- The home repair services shall include the following:
  (A) Preventive repairs and modifications.
  (B) Weatherization and energy-related measures.
  (C) Emergency repairs.
  (D) Security-related repairs.
  (E) Repairs to enhance accessibility and suitability of the home to the
  residents.
  (F) General repairs and other appropriate repairs.
  (3) FOLLOW-UP- The recipient shall provide for contacting each individual
  for whom home repair services have been provided upon the expiration of a
  reasonable period of time after the provision of such services to ensure
  the continued effectiveness of the repairs and to address any complaints
  regarding the repairs. Such contact shall include, if practicable, an
  on-site inspection of the repairs.
  (b) ELIGIBILITY OF INDIVIDUALS FOR HOME REPAIR SERVICES- Each recipient
  of a grant under this Act shall provide home repair services only to
  individuals who meet all of the following criteria:
  (1) HOMEOWNER- The individual is the owner of and resides in the dwelling
  or dwelling unit for which services are provided.
  (2) OLDER OR DISABLED INDIVIDUAL- The individual is an older or disabled
  individual.
  (3) LOWER INCOME- The individual and the family of the individual residing
  in the dwelling or dwelling unit, if applicable, is a lower income family.
  (c) ELIGIBILITY OF HOMES FOR HOME REPAIR SERVICES- Each recipient of a
  grant under this Act shall provide home repair services only for dwellings
  or dwelling units that are the primary residence of the eligible older
  or disabled individual for whom services are provided. Such dwellings may
  include mobile homes and condominium and cooperative units.
  (d) REQUIRED NUMBER OF OLDER AND DISABLED HOMEOWNERS SERVED- For each
  grant made under this Act, the recipient of the grant shall provide home
  repair services to not less than the number of eligible older and disabled
  individuals that is determined by dividing 85 percent of the amount of the
  grant by an amount, to be determined by the Secretary, that represents the
  estimated average cost per repair (by a recipient conducting home repairs
  under this Act), considering the cost of living and construction costs
  for the area to be served by the recipient.
  (e) PREFERENCES FOR INDIVIDUALS SERVED- Each recipient of a grant under
  this Act shall establish a preference for providing home repair services for
  families and individuals otherwise eligible under subsection (b) as follows:
  (1) VERY LOW-INCOME- Families and individuals whose incomes do not exceed
  50 percent of the median income for the area involved, as determined by
  the Secretary with adjustments for smaller and larger families.
  (2) SOCIAL NEED- Individuals with the greatest social need for the home
  repair services. For purposes of this paragraph, the term `social need'
  means need caused by noneconomic factors. Such noneconomic factors shall
  include physical and mental disabilities, language barriers, and cultural,
  social, or geographical isolation including isolation caused by racial
  or ethnic status that restricts the ability of an individual to perform
  normal daily tasks or that threatens the capacity of such individual to
  live independently.
  (f) FEES-
  (1) ENROLLMENT FEE- Each recipient of a grant under this Act shall charge
  each eligible older or disabled individual who receives home repair
  services from the recipient an enrollment fee not to exceed $20 per year,
  except that the recipient may waive the fee at its discretion.
  (2) REPAIR SERVICES FEE- Each recipient of a grant under this Act may
  charge fees for home repair services provided to eligible older and
  disabled individuals. Any fee under this paragraph shall be based on the
  income of the individual receiving the home repair services and may not
  be implemented in a manner or amount that discourages older or disabled
  individuals from acquiring home repair services from the recipient.
  (g) LIMITATION ON ADMINISTRATIVE COSTS- Each recipient of a grant under
  this Act may use not more than 15 percent of any amounts received under
  the grant for administrative costs relating to providing home repair
  services. Administrative costs under this subsection shall include costs
  for planning, management, training, processing of applications for home
  repair services, providing for referrals under section 7, and any other
  administrative functions related to the delivery of home repair services
  to older or disabled individuals.
SEC. 7. REFERRALS.
  Each recipient of a grant under this Act shall provide, upon request,
  to older and disabled individuals who contact the recipient for home
  repair services, information regarding other appropriate agencies and
  organizations in the area that provide services to individuals other than
  home repair services.
SEC. 8. COLLECTION OF DATA.
  Each recipient of a grant under this Act shall provide for the collection
  of information regarding the provision by the recipient of home repair
  services under section 6(a) and the older and disabled individuals for whom
  the recipient provided home repair services. The recipient shall protect
  the confidentiality of the individuals from and about whom information
  is collected under this section. Information collected under this section
  shall include the following:
  (1) DEMOGRAPHICS- The age, sex, race, income, and number of people in the
  household of the individual served.
  (2) REPAIRS- The number, type, and cost of repairs made.
  (3) VOLUNTEERS- The extent of use of older and other volunteers by the
  recipient in providing home repair services.
  (4) MINORITIES- The extent of use of minority contractors, employees,
  and volunteers by the recipient in providing home repair services.
  (5) HOUSING QUALITY- The quality of housing stock in the area.
  (6) MAJOR REPAIRS- The prevalence of need for major repairs.
  (7) MODERATE INCOME INDIVIDUALS- The extent of need for home repairs by
  older individuals whose income exceeds the limitation under section 6(b)(3)
  for receiving home repair services.
  (8) SOCIAL SERVICES- The extent of need for social services among individuals
  for whom home repair services are provided and the extent to which such
  needs are being met.
  (9) INCOME ASSISTANCE- The extent to which individuals for whom home
  repair services are provided receive income assistance, from any source,
  and the extent to which such assistance is available.
  (10) OTHER- Any other information that the Secretary considers appropriate.
SEC. 9. MANUALS.
  The Secretary shall develop and distribute, to each recipient of a grant
  under this Act, a manual to assist the recipient in providing home repair
  services under section 6(a). The manual shall also provide a standardized
  manner for organization and assessment of information collected under
  section 8.
SEC. 10. REPORTS.
  (a) GRANT RECIPIENTS- Each recipient of a grant under this Act shall submit
  to the Secretary, not more than 30 days after the expiration of each of
  the 2 successive 12-month periods (the first such period beginning on
  the date that the recipient receives a grant), a report containing the
  information collected under section 8 and any other information that the
  Secretary may require.
  (b) SECRETARY- The Secretary shall submit to the Congress, not more than
  90 days after the expiration of each fiscal year that the Secretary makes
  grants under this Act, a report describing the grants made, the home
  repair services provided with the grants, the cost figure used by the
  Secretary under section 6(d), and summaries of the information submitted
  under subsection (a) by recipients of grants.
SEC. 11. DEFINITIONS.
  For purposes of this Act:
  (1) DISABLED INDIVIDUAL- The term `disabled individual' means an individual
  with a disability attributable to mental or physical impairment, or a
  combination of mental and physical impairments, that results in substantial
  functional limitations in 1 or more of the following areas of major life
  activity:
  (A) Self-care.
  (B) Receptive and expressive language.
  (C) Learning.
  (D) Mobility.
  (E) Self-direction.
  (F) Capacity for independent living.
  (G) Economic self-sufficiency.
  (H) Cognitive functioning.
  (I) Emotional adjustment.
  (2) ELIGIBLE OLDER OR DISABLED INDIVIDUAL- The term `eligible older or
  disabled individual' means any older or disabled individual eligible under
  section 6(b) to receive home repair services provided pursuant to a grant
  under this Act.
  (3) ELIGIBLE ORGANIZATION- The term `eligible organization' means any
  nonprofit organization, local government, or Indian tribe eligible under
  section 4 to receive a grant under this Act.
  (4) HOME REPAIR SERVICES- The term `home repair services' means services
  for home repairs and modifications under section 6(a).
  (5) INDIAN TRIBE- The term `Indian tribe' means any Indian tribe, band,
  nation, or other organized group or community which is recognized as
  eligible for the special programs and services provided by the United
  States to Indians because of their status as Indians.
  (6) LOCAL GOVERNMENT- The term `local government' means any borough, city,
  county, parish, town, township, village, or other general purpose political
  subdivision of a State. The term includes any agency of or office within
  any local government.
  (7) LOWER INCOME FAMILY- The term `lower income family' means families and
  individuals whose incomes do not exceed 80 percent of the median income
  for the area involved, as determined by the Secretary with adjustments for
  smaller and larger families, except that the Secretary may establish income
  ceilings higher or lower than 80 percent of the median for the area on the
  basis of the findings of the Secretary that such variations are necessary
  because of prevailing levels of construction costs or unusually high or
  low family incomes.
  (8) OLDER INDIVIDUAL- The term `older individual' means any individual of
  60 years of age or older.
  (9) OWNER- The term `owner' includes any individual who owns a dwelling,
  whether or not subject to a mortgage or other lien given to secure advances
  on, or the unpaid purchase price of the dwelling. The term does not include
  any individual who is a lessee with regard to the primary residence of
  the individual.
  (10) RECIPIENT- The term `recipient' means an eligible organization that
  receives a grant under this Act.
SEC. 12. REGULATIONS.
  The Secretary shall issue any regulations necessary to carry out this Act
  not later than the expiration of the 90-day period beginning on the date
  of the enactment of this Act.
SEC. 13. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.
  There is authorized to be appropriated for grants under this Act such sums
  as may be necessary during fiscal years 1991 and 1992.