Text: H.R.3743 — 101st Congress (1989-1990)All Bill Information (Except Text)

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--H.R.3743--
H.R.3743
One Hundred First Congress of the United States of America
AT THE FIRST SESSION
Begun and held at the City of Washington on Tuesday, the third day of January,
one thousand nine hundred and eighty-nine
An Act
Making appropriations for foreign operations, export financing, and related
programs
for the fiscal year ending September 30, 1990, and for other purposes.
 Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States
 of America in Congress assembled, That the following sums are appropriated,
 out of any money in the Treasury not otherwise appropriated, for foreign
 operations, export financing, and related programs for the fiscal year
 ending September 30, 1990, and for other purposes, namely:
TITLE I--MULTILATERAL ECONOMIC ASSISTANCE
FUNDS APPROPRIATED TO THE PRESIDENT
International Financial Institutions
CONTRIBUTIONS FOR ARREARAGES
CONTRIBUTION TO THE INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT ASSOCIATION
 For payment to the International Development Association by the Secretary
 of the Treasury, $6,666,667, for the United States contribution to the
 replenishments, to remain available until expended: Provided, That no
 such payment may be made while the United States Executive Director to the
 International Bank for Reconstruction and Development is compensated by the
 Bank at a rate in excess of the rate provided for an individual occupying a
 position at level IV of the Executive Schedule under section 5315 of title 5,
 United States Code, or while the alternate United States Executive Director to
 the Bank is compensated by the Bank at a rate in excess of the rate provided
 for an individual occupying a position at level V of the Executive Schedule
 under section 5316 of title 5, United States Code.
CONTRIBUTION TO THE INTERNATIONAL FINANCE CORPORATION
 For payment to the International Finance Corporation by the Secretary of
 the Treasury, $75,000,000, for the United States share of the increase
 in subscriptions to capital stock, to remain available until expended:
 Provided, That of this amount not more than $24,544,000 may be expended
 for the purchase of such stock in fiscal year 1990.
CONTRIBUTION TO THE INTER-AMERICAN DEVELOPMENT BANK
 For payment to the Inter-American Development Bank by the Secretary of the
 Treasury for the United States share of the paid-in share portion of the
 increase in capital stock, $31,617,983, and for the United States share
 of the increases in the resources of the Fund for Special Operations,
 $63,724,629, to remain available until expended: Provided, That the funds
 made available under this heading shall be withheld from obligation until the
 Secretary of the Treasury certifies that the Board of Executive Directors of
 the Inter-American Development Bank has adopted policies to ensure that all
 recipients of assistance must agree in writing that in general any procurement
 of goods or services utilizing Bank funds shall be conducted in a manner
 that does not discriminate on the basis of nationality against any member
 country, firm or person interested in providing such goods or services:
 Provided further, That the Secretary of the Treasury shall instruct the
 United States Executive Director of the Inter-American Development Bank to
 use the voice and vote of the United States to oppose any assistance by the
 Bank to any recipient of assistance who refuses to agree in writing that in
 general any procurement of goods or services utilizing Bank funds shall be
 conducted in a manner that does not discriminate on the basis of nationality
 against any member country, firm or person interested in providing such goods
 or services: Provided further, That no such payment may be made while the
 United States Executive Director to the Bank is compensated by the Bank at
 a rate in excess of the rate provided for an individual occupying a position
 at level IV of the Executive Schedule under section 5315 of title 5, United
 States Code, or while the alternate United States Executive Director to the
 Bank is compensated by the Bank at a rate in excess of the rate provided
 for an individual occupying a position at level V of the Executive Schedule
 under section 5316 of title 5, United States Code.
CONTRIBUTION TO THE ASIAN DEVELOPMENT FUND
 For the United States contribution by the Secretary of the Treasury to the
 increases in resources of the Asian Development Fund, as authorized by the
 Asian Development Bank Act, as amended (Public Law 89-369), $137,948,091,
 to remain available until expended: Provided, That no such payment may be
 made while the United States Executive Director to the Bank is compensated by
 the Bank at a rate which, together with whatever compensation such Director
 receives from the United States, is in excess of the rate provided for
 an individual occupying a position at level IV of the Executive Schedule
 under section 5315 of title 5, United States Code, or while any alternate
 United States Director to the Bank is compensated by the Bank in excess of
 the rate provided for an individual occupying a position at level V of the
 Executive Schedule under section 5316 of title 5, United States Code.
CONTRIBUTION TO THE AFRICAN DEVELOPMENT BANK
 For payment to the African Development Bank by the Secretary of the Treasury,
 for the paid-in share portion of the United States share of the increase in
 capital stock, $1,654,000, to remain available until expended: Provided, That
 no such payment may be made while the United States Executive Director to the
 Bank is compensated by the Bank at a rate in excess of the rate provided for
 an individual occupying a position at level IV of the Executive Schedule under
 section 5315 of title 5, United States Code, or while the alternate United
 States Executive Director to the Bank is compensated by the Bank at a rate in
 excess of the rate provided for an individual occupying a position at level
 V of the Executive Schedule under section 5316 of title 5, United States Code.
ANNUAL CONTRIBUTIONS TO INTERNATIONAL FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS
CONTRIBUTION TO THE INTERNATIONAL BANK FOR RECONSTRUCTION AND DEVELOPMENT
 For payment to the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development by
 the Secretary of the Treasury, for the United States share of the paid-in
 share portion of the increases in capital stock, for the General Capital
 Increase, $50,000,795, to remain available until expended: Provided, That no
 such payment may be made while the United States Executive Director to the
 Bank is compensated by the Bank at a rate in excess of the rate provided for
 an individual occupying a position at level IV of the Executive Schedule under
 section 5315 of title 5, United States Code, or while the alternate United
 States Executive Director to the Bank is compensated by the Bank at a rate in
 excess of the rate provided for an individual occupying a position at level
 V of the Executive Schedule under section 5316 of title 5, United States Code.
CONTRIBUTION TO THE INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT ASSOCIATION
 For payment to the International Development Association by the Secretary
 of the Treasury, $958,333,333, for the United States contribution to
 the replenishment, to remain available until expended: Provided, That
 $115,000,000 of the funds made available under this heading shall be
 withheld from obligation until January 1, 1990: Provided further, That such
 funds withheld from obligation may be obligated after January 1, 1990,
 only if the President certifies: (1) that the International Development
 Association has not provided any new loans to China since June 27, 1989,
 or (2) that, if such loans have been provided, the United States Government
 believes that such loans will support the process of increasing individual
 freedoms and improving human rights in China: Provided further, That fifteen
 days prior to any obligation of funds for the International Development
 Association, the President shall report his certification to the Committees
 on Appropriations of the House and Senate, and the Committee on Banking,
 Finance and Urban Affairs of the House of Representatives and the Committee
 on Foreign Relations of the Senate: Provided further, That no such payment
 may be made while the United States Executive Director to the International
 Bank for Reconstruction and Development is compensated by the Bank at a
 rate in excess of the rate provided for an individual occupying a position
 at level IV of the Executive Schedule under section 5315 of title 5, United
 States Code, or while the alternate United States Executive Director to the
 Bank is compensated by the Bank at a rate in excess of the rate provided
 for an individual occupying a position at level V of the Executive Schedule
 under section 5316 of title 5, United States Code.
CONTRIBUTION TO THE ASIAN DEVELOPMENT FUND
 For the United States contribution by the Secretary of the Treasury to the
 increases in resources of the Asian Development Fund, as authorized by the
 Asian Development Bank Act, as amended (Public Law 89-369), $40,000,000,
 to remain available until expended: Provided, That no such contribution may
 be made while the United States Executive Director to the Asian Development
 Bank is compensated by the Bank at a rate which, together with whatever
 compensation such Director receives from the United States, is in excess
 of the rate provided for an individual occupying a position at level IV of
 the Executive Schedule under section 5315 of title 5, United States Code,
 or while any alternate United States Director to the Bank is compensated
 by the Bank in excess of the rate provided for an individual occupying a
 position at level V of the Executive Schedule under section 5316 of title 5,
 United States Code.
CONTRIBUTION TO THE AFRICAN DEVELOPMENT FUND
 For payment to the African Development Fund by the Secretary of the Treasury,
 $105,000,000, for the United States contribution to the fifth replenishment
 of the African Development Fund, to remain available until expended.
CONTRIBUTION TO THE AFRICAN DEVELOPMENT BANK
 For payment to the African Development Bank by the Secretary of the Treasury,
 for the paid-in share portion of the United States share of the increase in
 capital stock, $7,987,308 to remain available until expended: Provided, That
 no such payment may be made while the United States Executive Director to the
 Bank is compensated by the Bank at a rate in excess of the rate provided for
 an individual occupying a position at level IV of the Executive Schedule under
 section 5315 of title 5, United States Code, or while the alternate United
 States Executive Director to the Bank is compensated by the Bank at a rate in
 excess of the rate provided for an individual occupying a position at level
 V of the Executive Schedule under section 5316 of title 5, United States Code.
LIMITATION ON CALLABLE CAPITAL SUBSCRIPTIONS
 The United States Governor of the African Development Bank may subscribe
 without fiscal year limitation to the callable capital portion of the United
 States share of such capital stock in an amount not to exceed $134,809,613.
CONTRIBUTION TO THE ENHANCED STRUCTURAL ADJUSTMENT FACILITY OF THE
INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND
 For payment to the Interest Subsidy Account of the Enhanced Structural
 Adjustment Facility of the International Monetary Fund, $140,000,000 to remain
 available until expended: Provided, That such funds are available subject
 to authorization: Provided further, That none of the funds made available
 by this paragraph shall be available for obligation or disbursement until
 the Secretary of the Treasury has assured the Committees on Appropriations
 in writing that the current policy of the International Monetary Fund
 (IMF) and the United States Government requiring that all congressional
 inquiries to IMF employees be cleared through the office of the United
 States Executive Director of the IMF has been reversed thereby allowing
 unmonitored and unfettered contact between Congress and IMF employees.
INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS AND PROGRAMS
 For necessary expenses to carry out the provisions of sections 301 and
 103(g) of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961, and of section 2 of the
 United Nations Environment Program Participation Act of 1983, $265,115,000:
 Provided, That no funds shall be available for the United Nations Fund for
 Science and Technology: Provided further, That the total amount of funds
 appropriated under this heading shall be made available only as follows:
 $109,510,000 for the United Nations Development Program; $65,400,000 for
 the United Nations Children's Fund, of which amount 75 per centum (less
 amounts withheld consistent with section 307 of the Foreign Assistance
 Act of 1961 and section 526 of this Act) shall be obligated and expended
 no later than thirty days after the date of enactment of this Act and 25
 per centum of which shall be expended within thirty days from the start of
 the United Nations Children's Fund fourth quarter of operations for 1990;
 $980,000 for the World Food Program; $1,500,000 for the United Nations
 Capital Development Fund; $800,000 for the United Nations Voluntary Fund
 for the Decade for Women; $200,000 for the United Nations International
 Research and Training Institute for the Advancement of Women; $100,000 for the
 Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change; $2,000,000 for the International
 Convention and Scientific Organization Contributions; $2,000,000 for the World
 Meteorological Organization Voluntary Cooperation Program; $22,000,000 for
 the International Atomic Energy Agency; $12,000,000 for the United Nations
 Environment Program; $800,000 for the United Nations Educational and Training
 Program for Southern Africa; $110,000 for the United Nations Institute for
 Namibia; $500,000 for the United Nations Trust Fund for South Africa; $750,000
 for the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species; $220,000
 for the World Heritage Fund; $100,000 for the United Nations Voluntary Fund
 for Victims of Torture; $245,000 for the United Nations Fellowship Program;
 $400,000 for the United Nations Center on Human Settlements; $500,000 for
 the UNIDO Investment Promotion Service; $10,000,000 for the Organization of
 American States; and $35,000,000 for the United States contributions to the
 third replenishment of the International Fund for Agricultural Development:
 Provided, That none of the funds appropriated under this heading shall
 be made available for the International Fund for Agricultural Development
 until agreement has been reached on the third replenishment of the Fund:
 Provided further, That funds appropriated under this heading may be made
 available for the International Atomic Energy Agency only if the Secretary
 of State determines (and so reports to the Congress) that Israel is not
 being denied its right to participate in the activities of that Agency.
TITLE II--BILATERAL ECONOMIC ASSISTANCE
FUNDS APPROPRIATED TO THE PRESIDENT
 For expenses necessary to enable the President to carry out the provisions
 of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961, and for other purposes, to remain
 available until September 30, 1990, unless otherwise specified herein,
 as follows:
Agency for International Development
AGRICULTURE, RURAL DEVELOPMENT, AND NUTRITION, DEVELOPMENT ASSISTANCE
 For necessary expenses to carry out the provisions of section 103,
 $483,715,000: Provided, That up to $5,000,000 shall be provided for
 new development projects of private entities and cooperatives utilizing
 surplus dairy products: Provided further, That not less than $8,000,000
 shall be provided for the Vitamin A Deficiency Program: Provided further,
 That, notwithstanding any other provision of law, up to $10,000,000 of the
 funds appropriated under this heading shall be made available, and remain
 available until expended, for agricultural activities in Poland which are
 managed by the Polish Catholic Church or other nongovernmental organizations:
 Provided further, That not less than $1,000,000 shall be available for a
 Farmer-to-Farmer program for Poland, notwithstanding any other provision
 of law.
POPULATION, DEVELOPMENT ASSISTANCE
 For necessary expenses to carry out the provisions of section 104(b),
 $220,000,000: Provided, That none of the funds made available in this Act nor
 any unobligated balances from prior appropriations may be made available to
 any organization or program which, as determined by the President of the
 United States, supports or participates in the management of a program
 of coercive abortion or involuntary sterilization: Provided further,
 That none of the funds made available under this heading may be used to
 pay for the performance of abortion as a method of family planning or to
 motivate or coerce any person to practice abortions; and that in order to
 reduce reliance on abortion in developing nations, funds shall be available
 only to voluntary family planning projects which offer, either directly or
 through referral to, or information about access to, a broad range of family
 planning methods and services: Provided further, That in awarding grants
 for natural family planning under section 104 of the Foreign Assistance
 Act no applicant shall be discriminated against because of such applicant's
 religious or conscientious commitment to offer only natural family planning;
 and, additionally, all such applicants shall comply with the requirements
 of the previous proviso: Provided further, That nothing in this subsection
 shall be construed to alter any existing statutory prohibitions against
 abortion under section 104 of the Foreign Assistance Act.
health, development assistance
 For necessary expenses to carry out the provisions of section 104(c),
 $125,994,000.
INTERNATIONAL AIDS PREVENTION AND CONTROL PROGRAM
 For necessary expenses to carry out the provisions of chapter 1 of part
 I of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961, $42,000,000, which shall be made
 available only for activities relating to research on, and the treatment
 and control of, acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) in developing
 countries: Provided, That of the funds made available under this heading
 $21,000,000 shall be provided directly to the World Health Organization
 for its use in financing the Global Program on AIDS, including activities
 implemented by the Pan American Health Organization.
CHILD SURVIVAL FUND
 For necessary expenses to carry out the provisions of section 104(c)(2),
 $71,000,000.
EDUCATION AND HUMAN RESOURCES
DEVELOPMENT, DEVELOPMENT ASSISTANCE
 For necessary expenses to carry out the provisions of section 105,
 $134,541,000: Provided, That $1,500,000 of the funds appropriated under this
 heading shall be made available for the Caribbean Law Institute: Provided
 further, That not less than $67,270,000 of the funds appropriated under this
 heading and under the heading `Sub-Saharan Africa, Development Assistance'
 shall be available only for programs in basic primary and secondary education:
 Provided further, That in fiscal year 1990 the Agency for International
 Development shall initiate three new bilateral projects in basic primary
 and secondary education, at least two of which shall be initiated in
 Sub-Saharan Africa: Provided further, That not less than $20,000,000 of
 the funds appropriated under this heading shall be made available for
 the International Student Exchange Program, of which $2,000,000 shall be
 available, notwithstanding any other provision of law, for students from
 Poland and Hungary: Provided further, That not less than $1,200,000 of the
 funds appropriated under this heading shall be made available for leadership
 programs for the Americas that have a demonstrated record of performance:
 Provided further, That not less than $2,000,000 of the funds appropriated
 under this heading shall be made available, notwithstanding any other
 provision of law, for technical training for the people of Poland and
 Hungary in skills which would foster the development of a market economy
 and the private sector, including training in management and agricultural
 extension: Provided further, That not less than $3,000,000 of the funds
 appropriated under this heading shall be made available, notwithstanding any
 other provision of law, for educational and cultural exchanges with Poland
 and Hungary, which shall be undertaken in cooperation with the United States
 Information Agency.
PRIVATE SECTOR, ENVIRONMENT, AND ENERGY, DEVELOPMENT ASSISTANCE
 For necessary expenses to carry out the provisions of section 106,
 $149,209,000: Provided, That not less than $7,500,000 shall be made available
 only for cooperative projects among the United States, Israel and developing
 countries of which not less than $5,000,000 shall be made available for the
 Cooperative Development Program, and of which not less than $2,500,000 shall
 be made available for cooperative development research projects: Provided
 further, That not less than $5,000,000 shall be made available only for the
 Central American Rural Electrification Support project: Provided further,
 That not less than $2,000,000 of the funds appropriated under this heading
 or under the heading `Sub-Saharan Africa, Development Assistance', shall
 be made available for assistance in support of elephant conservation and
 preservation: Provided further, That not less than $3,300,000 of the funds
 appropriated under this heading shall be made available, notwithstanding any
 other provision of law, for assistance to establish an air quality monitoring
 network in the Krakow, Poland metropolitan area, to improve water quality and
 the availability of drinking water in the Krakow metropolitan area, and to
 establish and support a regional environmental center in Budapest, Hungary for
 facilitating cooperative environmental activities, which activities shall be
 undertaken in cooperation with the Environmental Protection Agency: Provided
 further, That not less than $10,000,000 of the funds appropriated under this
 heading shall be made available, notwithstanding any other provision of law,
 for support for retrofitting a coal-fired commercial plant in the Krakow,
 Poland region with clean coal technology and for assistance to assess and
 develop the capability within Poland to manufacture or modify equipment
 that will enable industrial activities within Poland to use fossil fuels
 cleanly, which activities shall be undertaken in cooperation with the
 Department of Energy: Provided further, That the Administrator of the
 Agency for International Development or his designee may vest title in
 any property acquired under the previous two provisos in an entity other
 than the United States: Provided further, That not less than $1,500,000
 of the funds appropriated under this heading shall be made available,
 notwithstanding any other provision of law, for the provision of technical
 assistance to Poland and Hungary (1) for the implementation of labor market
 reforms, and (2) to facilitate adjustment during the period of transition
 to free labor markets and labor organizations, which activities shall be
 undertaken in cooperation with the Department of Labor and United States
 labor and business representatives.
SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY, DEVELOPMENT ASSISTANCE
 For necessary expenses to carry out the provisions of section 106, $8,662,000.
micro-enterprise development
 Of the funds appropriated by this Act to carry out chapter 1 of part I
 and chapter 4 of part II of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961, not less
 than $75,000,000 shall be made available for programs of credit and other
 assistance for micro-enterprises in developing countries: Provided, That
 local currencies which accrue as a result of assistance provided to carry
 out the provisions of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 and the Agricultural
 Trade Development and Assistance Act of 1954 may be used for assistance for
 micro-enterprises: Provided further, That such local currencies which are
 used for this purpose shall be in lieu of funds earmarked under this heading
 and shall reduce the amount earmarked for assistance for micro-enterprises
 by an equal amount.
POLAND AND HUNGARY
 Notwithstanding any other provision of law, of the funds appropriated by
 this Act to carry out chapter 1 of part I and chapter 4 of part II of the
 Foreign Assistance Act of 1961, not less than $45,000,000 shall be made
 available for Poland and not less than $5,000,000 shall be made available
 for Hungary, which funds shall be used in support of the private sector and
 other economic development programs: Provided, That funds made available
 under this heading shall remain available until September 30, 1991.
SUB-SAHARAN AFRICA, DEVELOPMENT ASSISTANCE
 For necessary expenses to carry out the provisions of sections 103 through
 106 and section 121 of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961, $565,000,000,
 for assistance only for Sub-Saharan Africa, which shall be in addition to any
 amounts otherwise available for such purposes: Provided, That the authorities
 contained under this heading in the Foreign Operations, Export Financing,
 and Related Programs Appropriations Act, 1989 (Public Law 100-461), shall be
 applicable to amounts appropriated under this heading until an Act authorizing
 assistance for such purposes for the fiscal year 1990 is enacted into law:
 Provided further, That not less than $50,000,000 of the funds appropriated
 under this heading shall be made available only to assist activities
 supported by the Southern Africa Development Coordination Conference:
 Provided further, That funds appropriated under this heading which are
 made available for activities supported by the Southern Africa Development
 Coordination Conference shall be made available notwithstanding section
 518 of this Act and section 620(q) of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961.
ZAIRE
 Funds appropriated to carry out chapter 1 of part I which are allocated for
 Zaire shall be made available through private and voluntary organizations
 to the maximum extent practicable.
ASSISTANCE FOR DISPLACED CHILDREN
 Of the aggregate of the funds appropriated by this Act to carry out part I of
 the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961, not less than $3,000,000 shall be made
 available for programs and activities for children who have become orphans
 as a result of the effects of drought, civil strife, and other natural
 and man-made disasters: Provided, That assistance under this heading shall
 be made available in accordance with the policies and general authorities
 contained in section 491 of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961.
ASSISTANCE FOR VICTIMS OF WAR
 Of the aggregate of the funds appropriated by this Act to carry out part I
 and chapter 4 of part II of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961, not less than
 $5,000,000 shall be made available, notwithstanding any other provision of
 law, for assistance for the provision of prostheses and related assistance
 for civilians who have been injured as a result of civil strife and warfare:
 Provided, That this amount shall be derived in equal amounts from part I
 and from chapter 4 of part II.
women in development
 In recognition that the full participation of women in, and the full
 contribution of women to, the development process are essential to achieving
 economic growth, a higher quality of life, and sustainable development in
 developing countries, not less than $5,000,000 of the funds appropriated
 by this Act to carry out part I of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961,
 in addition to funds otherwise available for such purposes, shall be used
 to encourage and promote the participation and integration of women as
 equal partners in the development process in developing countries, of
 which not less than $3,000,000 shall be made available as matching funds
 to support the activities of the Agency for International Development's
 field missions to integrate women into their programs: Provided, That the
 Agency for International Development shall seek to ensure that country
 strategies, projects, and programs are designed so that the percentage of
 women participants will be demonstrably increased.
PRIVATE AND VOLUNTARY ORGANIZATIONS
 None of the funds appropriated or otherwise made available by this Act
 for development assistance may be made available to any United States
 private and voluntary organization, except any cooperative development
 organization, which obtains less than 20 per centum of its total annual
 funding for international activities from sources other than the United
 States Government: Provided, That the requirements of the provisions of
 section 123(g) of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 and the provisions on
 private and voluntary organizations in title II of the `Foreign Assistance
 and Related Programs Appropriations Act, 1985' (as enacted in Public Law
 98-473) shall be superseded by the provisions of this section.
PRIVATE SECTOR REVOLVING FUND
(INCLUDING TRANSFERS OF FUNDS)
 For necessary expenses to carry out the provisions of section 108 of the
 Foreign Assistance Act of 1961, not to exceed $5,000,000 to be derived by
 transfer from funds appropriated to carry out the provisions of chapter 1
 of part I of such Act, to remain available until expended. During fiscal
 year 1990, obligations for assistance from amounts in the revolving fund
 account under section 108 shall not exceed $3,500,000.
 During fiscal year 1990, total commitments to guarantee loans shall not
 exceed $46,115,020 of contingent liability for loan principal.
AMERICAN SCHOOLS AND HOSPITALS ABROAD
 For necessary expenses to carry out the provisions of section 214,
 $35,000,000.
INTERNATIONAL DISASTER ASSISTANCE
 For necessary expenses to carry out the provisions of section 491,
 $25,000,000, to remain available until expended: Provided, That not less
 than $500,000 of the funds appropriated under this heading may be made
 available for assistance for children who have become orphans as a result
 of natural disasters.
PAYMENT TO THE FOREIGN SERVICE RETIREMENT AND DISABILITY FUND
 For payment to the `Foreign Service Retirement and Disability Fund', as
 authorized by the Foreign Service Act of 1980, $40,147,000.
OPERATING EXPENSES OF THE AGENCY FOR INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT
 For necessary expenses to carry out the provisions of section 667,
 $437,000,000: Provided, That not more than $15,000,000 (except that payment
 may be made under this limitation only for those categories of services for
 which charges have been made under Foreign Affairs Administrative Support
 both in prior years and in the current year) of this amount shall be for
 Foreign Affairs Administrative Support.
OPERATING EXPENSES OF THE AGENCY FOR INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT OFFICE OF
INSPECTOR GENERAL
 For necessary expenses to carry out the provisions of section 667,
 $31,000,000, which sum shall be available only for the operating expenses
 of the Office of the Inspector General notwithstanding section 451 or 614 of
 the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 or any other provision of law: Provided,
 That up to 3 per centum of the amount made available under the heading
 `Operating Expenses of the Agency for International Development' may be
 transferred to and merged and consolidated with amounts made available
 under this heading: Provided further, That except as may be required by
 an emergency evacuation affecting the United States diplomatic missions
 of which they are a component element, none of the funds in this Act, or
 any other Act, may be used to relocate the overseas Regional Offices of the
 Inspector General to a location within the United States without the express
 approval of the Inspector General: Provided further, That the total number
 of positions authorized for the Office of Inspector General in Washington and
 overseas shall be not less than two hundred and forty at September 30, 1990.
HOUSING AND OTHER CREDIT GUARANTY PROGRAMS
 During the fiscal year 1990, total commitments to guarantee loans shall
 not exceed $125,000,000 of contingent liability for loan principal:
 Provided, That the President shall enter into commitments to guarantee such
 loans in the full amount provided under this heading, subject only to the
 availability of qualified applicants for such guarantees: Provided further,
 That guarantees issued under this heading shall guarantee 100 per centum
 of the principal and interest payable on such loans: Provided further,
 That no loans guaranteed under this heading shall be issued or held by the
 Federal Financing Bank: Provided further, That pursuant to section 223(e)(2)
 of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 borrowing authority provided therein
 may be exercised in such amounts as may be necessary to retain an adequate
 level of contingency reserves for the fiscal year 1990: Provided further,
 That section 222(a) of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 is amended by
 striking out `September 30, 1990' and inserting in lieu thereof `September
 30, 1991': Provided further, That notwithstanding the prior limitation on
 total commitments to guarantee loans at not to exceed $125,000,000, during
 the fiscal year 1990, total commitments to guarantee loans shall not exceed
 $100,000,000 of contingent liability for loan principal.
ECONOMIC SUPPORT FUND
 For necessary expenses to carry out the provisions of chapter 4 of part II,
 $3,205,000,000: Provided, That of the funds appropriated under this heading,
 not less than $1,200,000,000 shall be available only for Israel, which sum
 shall be available on a grant basis as a cash transfer and shall be disbursed
 within thirty days of enactment of this Act or by October 31, 1989, whichever
 is later: Provided further, That not less than $815,000,000 shall be available
 only for Egypt, which sum shall be provided on a grant basis, and of which
 sum cash transfer assistance may be provided, with the understanding that
 Egypt will undertake significant economic reforms which are additional to
 those which were undertaken in previous fiscal years, and of which not less
 than $200,000,000 shall be provided as Commodity Import Program assistance:
 Provided further, That sufficient Egyptian pounds generated from funds made
 available under this heading or any other heading of this Act shall be made
 available to the United States pursuant to the United States-Egypt Economic,
 Technical and Related Assistance Agreements of 1978 (which provide for local
 currency requirement for programs of the United States in Egypt to be made
 available to the United States in the manner requested by the United States
 Government), to enable the United States Embassy in Cairo to restore the
 endowment entitled `U.S. Government Trustee' to the Egyptian pound equivalent
 level, at the commercial rate of exchange, of $50,000,000, the level of
 endowment established by Congress in Public Law 99-88: Provided further,
 That an additional 20,000,000 Egyptian pounds generated from the same sources
 shall be made available pursuant to the same agreements to enable the United
 States Embassy in Cairo to establish an endowment to support other United
 States educational programs in Egypt: Provided further, That in exercising
 the authority to provide cash transfer assistance for Israel and Egypt,
 the President shall ensure that the level of such assistance does not cause
 an adverse impact on the total level of nonmilitary exports from the United
 States to each such country: Provided further, That it is the sense of the
 Congress that the recommended levels of assistance for Egypt and Israel are
 based in great measure upon their continued participation in the Camp David
 Accords and upon the Egyptian-Israeli peace treaty: Provided further, That
 of the funds appropriated under this heading and allocated for El Salvador,
 up to $1,500,000 (or the equivalent in local currencies generated with
 funds provided to El Salvador under this heading) may be made available,
 notwithstanding section 660 of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961, to assist
 the Government of El Salvador's Special Investigative Unit, including for
 the purpose of bringing to justice those responsible for the murders of
 United States citizens in El Salvador: Provided further, That section 534(e)
 of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 is amended by (1) striking `each
 of fiscal years 1988 and 1989' and inserting in lieu thereof `fiscal year
 1990'; and (2) striking `September 30, 1989' and inserting in lieu thereof
 `September 30, 1990': Provided further, That not less than $12,000,000 of
 the funds appropriated under this heading shall be made available for the
 West Bank and Gaza Program through the Asia and Near East regional program:
 Provided further, That not less than $35,000,000 of the funds appropriated
 under this heading shall be made available for Jordan: Provided further,
 That not less than $15,000,000 of the funds appropriated under this heading
 shall be made available for Cyprus: Provided further, That not less than
 $230,000,000 of the funds appropriated under this heading shall be made
 available for Pakistan: Provided further, That not less than $20,000,000
 of the funds appropriated under this heading shall be made available for
 Morocco: Provided further, That none of the funds appropriated under this
 heading shall be made available for Zaire: Provided further, That prior to
 the initial obligation of assistance for El Salvador from funds appropriated
 under this heading, the President shall report to the Congress on the extent
 to which the Government of El Salvador has made demonstrable progress in
 settling outstanding expropriation claims of American citizens in compliance
 with the judgment of the Supreme Court of El Salvador: Provided further,
 That the total amount of assistance provided for any country in Central
 America under this heading and to carry out the provisions of sections 103
 through 106 of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 shall not be reduced,
 from amounts allocated to such country for such purposes for fiscal year
 1989, by a percentage greater than the percentage reduction from amounts
 allocated for any other country in Central America for such purposes for
 such fiscal year: Provided further, That if funds made available under this
 heading are provided to a foreign country as cash transfer assistance, that
 country shall be required to maintain these funds in a separate account
 and not commingle them with any other funds: Provided further, That such
 funds may be obligated and expended notwithstanding provisions of law which
 are inconsistent with the nature of this assistance including provisions
 which are referenced in the Joint Explanatory Statement of the Committee of
 Conference accompanying House Joint Resolution 648 (H. Rept. No. 98-1159):
 Provided further, That all local currencies that may be generated with
 such funds shall be treated in accordance with section 592 of this Act:
 Provided further, That at least fifteen days prior to obligating any such
 assistance to a foreign country under this heading, the President shall
 submit a notification through the regular notification procedures of the
 Committees on Appropriations, the Committee on Foreign Affairs of the House of
 Representatives and the Committee on Foreign Relations of the Senate, which
 shall include a detailed description of how the funds proposed to be made
 available will be used, with a discussion of the United States interests that
 will be served by the assistance (including, as appropriate, a description
 of the economic policy reforms that will be promoted by such assistance):
 Provided further, That not more than $5,000,000 of the funds appropriated
 under this heading may be made available to finance tied aid credits, unless
 the President determines it is in the national interest to provide in excess
 of $5,000,000 and so notifies the Committees on Appropriations through the
 regular notification procedures of the Committees on Appropriations: Provided
 further, That notwithstanding any other provision of law, none of the funds
 appropriated under this heading may be used for tied aid credits without
 the prior approval of the Administrator of the Agency for International
 Development: Provided further, That, except as provided by this Act, none
 of the funds appropriated under this heading by this Act or prior foreign
 assistance appropriations Acts, shall be made available for tied aid credits
 in accordance with any provision of law enacted after May 19, 1988: Provided
 further, That not less than $5,000,000 of the funds appropriated under this
 heading shall be made available, notwithstanding any other provision of law,
 for the humanitarian relief, medical treatment, education and vocational
 training of victims of the Armenian earthquake of December 7, 1988, which
 amount shall be channeled through United States private and voluntary
 organizations and other United States nongovernmental organizations:
 Provided further, That $2,000,000 of the funds appropriated under this
 heading shall be made available, notwithstanding any other provision
 of law, for the provision of medical supplies and hospital equipment to
 Poland, including expenses of purchasing, transporting, and distributing
 such supplies and equipment, and for training Polish medical personnel:
 Provided further, That $1,500,000 of the funds appropriated under this
 heading shall be made available, notwithstanding any other provision of
 law, only to support Solidarity through the AFL-CIO's Free Trade Union
 Institute to promote democratic activities in Poland: Provided further,
 That not less than $200,000,000 of the funds appropriated under this heading
 shall be available, notwithstanding any other provision of law, for Poland:
 Provided further, That $2,500,000 of the funds appropriated under this
 heading shall be available, notwithstanding any other provision of law,
 to support independent, democratic organizations and activities in Poland
 and Hungary: Provided further, That funds made available under this heading
 shall remain available until September 30, 1991.
INTERNATIONAL FUND FOR IRELAND
 For necessary expenses to carry out the provisions of chapter 4 of part II,
 $20,000,000, which shall be available for the United States contribution to
 the International Fund for Ireland and shall be made available in accordance
 with the provisions of the Anglo-Irish Agreement Support Act of 1986
 (Public Law 99-415): Provided, That such amount shall be expended at the
 minimum rate necessary to make timely payment for projects and activities:
 Provided further, That funds made available under this heading shall remain
 available until expended.
MULTILATERAL ASSISTANCE INITIATIVE FOR THE PHILIPPINES
 For necessary expenses to carry out the provisions of the Foreign
 Assistance Act of 1961, $160,000,000, which shall be available for the
 Multilateral Assistance Initiative for the Philippines: Provided, That not
 less than 75 per centum of the funds appropriated under this heading shall
 be made available for project and sector activities consistent with the
 purposes of sections 103 through 106 of such Act: Provided further, That
 the President shall seek to channel through indigenous and United States
 private voluntary organizations and cooperatives not less than $20,000,000
 of the funds appropriated under this heading and of the funds appropriated
 and allocated for the Philippines to carry out sections 103 through 106 of
 such Act: Provided further, That up to a total of $40,000,000 of the funds
 appropriated to carry out sections 103 through 106 and chapter 4 of part
 II of such Act may be transferred to and consolidated and merged with the
 funds appropriated under this heading notwithstanding the limitations on
 transfers between accounts contained in section 514 of this Act and sections
 109 and 610 of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961: Provided further, That
 any funds transferred to carry out the purposes of this heading shall be
 made available only for projects and activities which are consistent with
 the purposes of those funds as initially appropriated: Provided further,
 That of the total amount of funds transferred to carry out the purposes
 of this heading not less than 50 per centum shall be derived from funds
 appropriated to carry out chapter 4 of part II of the Foreign Assistance Act:
 Provided further, That transfers of any funds to carry out the purposes
 of this heading shall be subject to the regular notification procedures
 of the Committees on Appropriations: Provided further, That funds made
 available under this heading shall remain available until September 30,
 1991: Provided further, That none of the funds appropriated under this
 heading shall be made available except as provided through the regular
 notification procedures of the Committees on Appropriations.
Independent Agencies
AFRICAN DEVELOPMENT FOUNDATION
 For necessary expenses to carry out the provisions of title V of the
 International Security and Development Cooperation Act of 1980, Public Law
 96-533, and to make such contracts and commitments without regard to fiscal
 year limitations, as provided by section 9104, title 31, United States Code,
 $9,000,000: Provided, That, when, with the permission of the Foundation,
 funds made available to a grantee under this heading are invested pending
 disbursement, the resulting interest is not required to be deposited in the
 United States Treasury if the grantee uses the resulting interest for the
 purpose for which the grant was made. This provision applies with respect
 to both interest earned before and interest earned after the enactment of
 this provision: Provided further, That section 507(a)(1) of the African
 Development Foundation Act is amended by adding at the end thereof the
 following: `Members of the Board shall be appointed so that no more than
 four members of the Board are members of any one political party.': Provided
 further, That the amendment to section 507(a)(1) of such Act shall not affect
 an appointment made to the Board prior to the date of enactment of this Act:
 Provided further, That section 511 of the African Development Foundation
 Act is repealed.
INTER-AMERICAN FOUNDATION
(INCLUDING TRANSFER OF FUNDS)
 For expenses necessary to carry out the functions of the Inter-American
 Foundation in accordance with the provisions of section 401 of the Foreign
 Assistance Act of 1969, and to make such contracts and commitments without
 regard to fiscal year limitations, as provided by section 9104, title 31,
 United States Code, $16,932,000.
OVERSEAS PRIVATE INVESTMENT CORPORATION
 The Overseas Private Investment Corporation is authorized to make such
 expenditures within the limits of funds available to it and in accordance
 with law (including not to exceed $35,000 for official reception and
 representation expenses), and to make such contracts and commitments without
 regard to fiscal year limitations, as provided by section 9104 of title 31,
 United States Code, as may be necessary in carrying out the program set
 forth in the budget for the current fiscal year.
 During the fiscal year 1990 and within the resources and authority available,
 gross obligations for the amount of direct loans shall not exceed $20,000,000.
 During the fiscal year 1990, total commitments to guarantee loans shall not
 exceed $215,000,000 of contingent liability for loan principal: Provided,
 That not less than $40,000,000 of such amount shall be used for projects
 for Poland, notwithstanding any other provision of law.
 Except as provided in this Act, no provision of any other Act not enacted
 into law by May 19, 1988, shall be construed to require the exercise of
 authority to provide direct loans or to make commitments to guarantee loans
 contrary to the limitations contained under this heading.
PEACE CORPS
 For expenses necessary to carry out the provisions of the Peace Corps Act
 (75 Stat. 612), $168,614,000, including the purchase of not to exceed five
 passenger motor vehicles for administrative purposes for use outside of
 the United States: Provided, That none of the funds appropriated under this
 heading shall be used to pay for abortions.
Department of State
INTERNATIONAL NARCOTICS CONTROL
 For necessary expenses to carry out the provisions of section 481 of the
 Foreign Assistance Act of 1961, $115,000,000: Provided, That in carrying
 out the provisions of section 481, increased emphasis should be placed
 on (1) further intensifying United States efforts in the eradication and
 interdiction of illicit narcotics, and (2) seeking international cooperation
 on narcotics enforcement matters such as in the areas of extradition treaties,
 mutual legal assistance to combat money laundering, sharing of evidence,
 and other initiatives for cooperative narcotics enforcement efforts:
 Provided further, That of the funds made available under this heading,
 such funds as the President deems necessary may be made available for the
 funding of United States participation in a multilateral anti-narcotics
 strike force not including any Communist or Warsaw Pact troops: Provided
 further, That funds for such a force may only be provided if the Committees
 on Appropriations of the House of Representatives and of the Senate are
 notified at least 15 days in advance of the obligation of funds.
MIGRATION AND REFUGEE ASSISTANCE
 For expenses, not otherwise provided for, necessary to enable the Secretary
 of State to provide, as authorized by law, a contribution to the International
 Committee of the Red Cross and assistance to refugees, including contributions
 to the Intergovernmental Committee for Migration and the United Nations
 High Commissioner for Refugees; salaries and expenses of personnel and
 dependents as authorized by the Foreign Service Act of 1980; allowances as
 authorized by sections 5921 through 5925 of title 5, United States Code;
 hire of passenger motor vehicles; and services as authorized by section
 3109 of title 5, United States Code; $370,000,000: Provided, That not less
 than $25,000,000 shall be available for Soviet, Eastern European and other
 refugees resettling in Israel: Provided further, That funds appropriated
 under this heading shall be administered in a manner that ensures equity
 in the treatment of all refugees receiving Federal assistance: Provided
 further, That no funds herein appropriated shall be used to assist directly
 in the migration to any nation in the Western Hemisphere of any person not
 having a security clearance based on reasonable standards to ensure against
 Communist infiltration in the Western Hemisphere: Provided further, That of
 the funds appropriated under this heading not less than $15,000,000 shall
 be available for Refugee Entrant Assistance: Provided further, That of the
 funds appropriated under this heading not less than $46,000,000 shall be
 made available for the refugee admission program for first asylum refugees
 from East Asia: Provided further, That section 584(a)(3) of the Foreign
 Operations, Export Financing, and Related Programs Appropriations Act,
 1988 (as contained in section 101(e) of Public Law 100-202), is amended
 by striking `8 months' and inserting `one year': Provided further, That of
 the funds appropriated under this heading not less than $1,500,000 shall be
 made available for a Thailand-Cambodia border refugee protection program:
 Provided further, That of the funds appropriated under this heading not less
 than $1,500,000 shall be made available for the antipiracy program, none of
 which funds shall be used by any government to deny asylum to individuals
 seeking asylum: Provided further, That not less than $10,000,000 shall
 be made available to the Republic of Turkey for assistance for shelter,
 food and other basic needs to ethnic Turkish refugees fleeing the People's
 Republic of Bulgaria and resettling on the sovereign territory of Turkey:
 Provided further, That section 584(a)(1)(B) of the Foreign Operations, Export
 Financing, and Related Programs Appropriations Act, 1988 (as contained in
 section 101(e) of Public Law 100-202), is amended by striking `during the
 2-year period beginning 90 days after the date of the enactment of this Act'
 and inserting `during the period beginning on March 22, 1988, and ending
 on September 30, 1990': Provided further, That the sixth proviso under
 Migration and Refugee Assistance, Department of State, in title II of the
 Foreign Operations, Export Financing, and Related Programs Appropriations
 Act, 1989 is amended by striking `before the end of the 2-year period' and
 inserting `before the end of the period': Provided further, That not more than
 $8,250,000 of the funds appropriated under this heading shall be available
 for the administrative expenses of the Office of Refugee Programs of the
 Department of State: Provided further, That of the funds appropriated under
 this heading, $250,000 shall be made available, notwithstanding any other
 provision of law, for food, medicine, medical supplies, medical training,
 clothing, and other humanitarian assistance for displaced Burmese students
 at camps on the border with Thailand.
UNITED STATES EMERGENCY REFUGEE AND MIGRATION ASSISTANCE FUND
 For necessary expenses to carry out the provisions of section 2(c) of the
 Migration and Refugee Assistance Act of 1962, as amended (22 U.S.C. 260(c)),
 $50,000,000, to remain available until expended: Provided, That the funds made
 available under this heading are appropriated notwithstanding the provisions
 contained in section 2(c)(2) of the Migration and Refugee Assistance Act
 of 1962 which would limit the amount of funds which could be appropriated
 for this purpose.
ANTI-TERRORISM ASSISTANCE
 For necessary expenses to carry out the provisions of chapter 8 of part II
 of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961, $10,017,000.
TITLE III--MILITARY ASSISTANCE
Funds Appropriated to the President
INTERNATIONAL MILITARY EDUCATION AND TRAINING
 For necessary expenses to carry out the provisions of section 541,
 $47,400,000: Provided, That none of the funds appropriated under this
 heading shall be made available for grant financed military education and
 training for any country whose annual per capita GNP exceeds $2,349 unless
 that country agrees to fund from its own resources the transportation cost
 and living allowances of its students.
foreign military financing program
 For expenses necessary for grants to enable the President to carry out the
 provisions of section 23 of the Arms Export Control Act, $4,297,404,194:
 Provided, That of the funds appropriated by this paragraph not less than
 $1,800,000,000 shall be available for grants only for Israel, not less than
 $1,300,000,000 shall be available for grants only for Egypt, not less than
 $230,000,000 shall be available for grants only for Pakistan, and not less
 than $48,000,000 shall be available for grants only for Jordan: Provided
 further, That to the extent that the Government of Israel requests that funds
 be used for such purposes, grants made available for Israel by this paragraph
 shall, as agreed by Israel and the United States, be available for advanced
 fighter aircraft programs or for other advanced weapons systems, as follows:
 (1) up to $150,000,000 shall be available for research and development in
 the United States; and (2) not less than $400,000,000 shall be available for
 the procurement in Israel of defense articles and defense services, including
 research and development: Provided further, That grants provided with funds
 made available by this paragraph shall be implemented by grant documents
 which do not include a requirement to repay the United States Government,
 notwithstanding any requirement in section 23 of the Arms Export Control Act.
 For expenses necessary for loans to enable the President to carry out
 the provisions of section 23 of the Arms Export Control Act, $406,000,000:
 Provided, That any funds made available by this paragraph, except as otherwise
 specified, may be made available at concessional rates of interest: Provided
 further, That the concessional rate of interest on Foreign Military Financing
 Program loans shall be not less than 5 per centum per year: Provided further,
 That all country and funding level changes in requested concessional financing
 allocations shall be submitted through the regular notification procedures:
 Provided further, That during fiscal year 1990, gross obligations for the
 principal amount of direct loans under this heading, exclusive of loan
 guarantee defaults, shall not exceed $406,000,000.
 Of the funds appropriated under this heading $500,000,000 only shall be
 available for Turkey and $350,000,000 only shall be available for Greece
 and, if Turkey receives any funds under this heading on a grant basis
 then not less than $30,000,000 of the funds provided for Greece shall
 be made available as grants: Provided, That funds previously obligated
 for the Philippines under the heading `Foreign Military Credit Sales'
 but uncommitted on the date of enactment of this Act shall be used at any
 time hereafter only to finance sales made under the Arms Export Control Act:
 Provided further, That of the funds appropriated under this heading not more
 than $85,000,000 shall be available for El Salvador: Provided further, That
 of the funds appropriated under this heading not more than $9,000,000 shall
 be available for non-lethal assistance for Guatemala: Provided further,
 That of the funds appropriated under this heading, except through the
 regular notification procedures of the Committees on Appropriations, not
 more than $3,000,000 shall be available for Zaire: Provided further, That
 of the funds appropriated under this heading $43,000,000 shall be available
 for Morocco: Provided further, That of the funds appropriated under this
 heading $30,000,000 shall be available for countries in sub-Saharan Africa:
 Provided further, That none of the funds appropriated under this heading shall
 be available for Sudan or Somalia, except through the regular notification
 procedures of the Committees on Appropriations: Provided further, That
 not more than $687,404,194 of the funds made available under this heading
 shall be available for use in financing the procurement of defense articles,
 defense services, or design and construction services that are not sold by
 the United States Government under the Arms Export Control Act to countries
 other than Israel and Egypt: Provided further, That only those countries for
 which assistance was justified for the `Foreign Military Sales Financing
 Program' in the fiscal year 1989 congressional presentation for security
 assistance programs may utilize funds made available under this heading for
 procurement of defense articles, defense services or design and construction
 services that are not sold by the United States Government under the Arms
 Export Control Act: Provided further, That any material assistance provided
 with funds appropriated under this heading for Haiti shall be limited to
 non-lethal items such as transportation and communications equipment and
 uniforms: Provided further, That funds made available under this heading
 for Haiti shall be made available only through the regular notification
 procedures of the Committees on Appropriations: Provided further, That
 funds appropriated under this heading shall be expended at the minimum
 rate necessary to make timely payment for defense articles and services:
 Provided further, That the Department of Defense shall conduct during the
 current fiscal year nonreimbursable audits of private firms whose contracts
 are made directly with foreign governments and are financed with funds
 made available under this heading (as well as subcontractors thereunder)
 as requested by the Defense Security Assistance Agency: Provided further,
 That any reference in title V of this Act to `Foreign Military Credit
 Sales' shall be deemed to be a reference to grants and loans pursuant to
 the Foreign Military Financing Program under this heading: Provided further,
 That not more than $39,000,000 of the funds appropriated under this heading
 may be obligated for necesary expenses, including the purchase of passenger
 motor vehicles for replacement only for use outside of the United States,
 for the general costs of administering military assistance and sales:
 Provided further, That section 515(d) of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961
 is amended by inserting immediately after the word `chapter' the phrase
 `or the Arms Export Control Act', and section 636(g) of that Act is amended
 by inserting immediately after the phrase `for the purposes of part II'
 the phrase `or the Arms Export Control Act'.
FOREIGN MILITARY SALES DEBT REFORM
 Funds made available by the Foreign Operations, Export Financing, and
 Related Programs Appropriations Act, 1988, for obligation and expenditure
 after October 1, 1988, subject to a Presidential budget request, under the
 heading `Foreign Military Sales Debt Reform', subsection (b) `Interest Rate
 Reduction' shall be available, subject to the same conditions and provisos,
 only after October 1, 1990: Provided, That such subsection and subsection
 (a) under such heading are amended by striking `ten' in all places in which
 that word appears and inserting in lieu thereof `eight'.
GUARANTY RESERVE FUND
 If during fiscal year 1990 the funds available in the Guaranty Reserve Fund
 (Fund) are insufficient to enable the Secretary of Defense (Secretary) to
 discharge his responsibilities, as guarantor of loans guaranteed pursuant
 to section 24 of the Arms Export Control Act (AECA) or pursuant to the
 Foreign Operations, Export Financing, and Related Programs Appropriations
 Act, 1988, under the heading `Foreign Military Sales Debt Reform', the
 Secretary shall issue to the Secretary of the Treasury notes or other
 obligations in such forms and denominations, bearing such maturities, and
 subject to such terms and conditions, as may be prescribed by the Secretary
 of the Treasury. Such notes or obligations may be redeemed by the Secretary
 from appropriations and other funds available, including repayments by the
 borrowers of amounts paid pursuant to guarantees issued under section 24
 of the AECA. Such notes or other obligations shall bear interest at a rate
 determined by the Secretary of the Treasury, taking into consideration the
 average market yield on outstanding marketable obligations of the United
 States of comparable maturities during the month preceding the issuance of
 the notes or other obligations. The Secretary of the Treasury shall purchase
 any notes or other obligations issued hereunder and for that purpose he
 is authorized to use as a public debt transaction the proceeds from the
 sale of any securities issued under the Second Liberty Bond Act, and the
 purposes for which securities may be issued under the Second Liberty Bond
 Act are extended to include any purchase of such notes or obligations. The
 Secretary of the Treasury may at any time sell any of the notes or other
 obligations acquired by him under this heading. All redemptions, purchases,
 and sales by the Secretary of the Treasury of such notes or other obligations
 shall be treated as public debt transactions of the United States.
Special Defense Acquisition Fund
(LIMITATION ON OBLIGATIONS)
 Not to exceed $280,000,000 may be obligated pursuant to section 51(c)(2)
 of the Arms Export Control Act for the purposes of the Special Defense
 Acquisition Fund during fiscal year 1990, to remain available for obligation
 until September 30, 1992: Provided, That section 632(d) of the Foreign
 Assistance Act of 1961 shall be applicable to the transfer to countries
 pursuant to chapter 2 of part II of that Act of defense articles and defense
 services acquired under chapter 5 of the Arms Export Control Act.
PEACEKEEPING OPERATIONS
 For necessary expenses to carry out the provisions of section 551,
 $33,377,000.
TITLE IV--EXPORT ASSISTANCE
EXPORT-IMPORT BANK OF THE UNITED STATES
 The Export-Import Bank of the United States is authorized to make such
 expenditures within the limits of funds and borrowing authority available to
 such corporation, and in accordance with law, and to make such contracts and
 commitments without regard to fiscal year limitations, as provided by section
 104 of the Government Corporation Control Act, as may be necessary in carrying
 out the program for the current fiscal year for such corporation: Provided,
 That none of the funds available during the current fiscal year may be used
 to make expenditures, contracts, or commitments for the export of nuclear
 equipment, fuel, or technology to any country other than a nuclear-weapon
 State as defined in article IX of the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of
 Nuclear Weapons eligible to receive economic or military assistance under
 this Act that has detonated a nuclear explosive after the date of enactment
 of this Act.
LIMITATION ON PROGRAM ACTIVITY
 During the fiscal year 1990 and within the resources and authority available,
 gross obligations for the principal amount of direct loans shall not exceed
 $615,000,000: Provided, That gross obligations for the principal amount
 of direct loans pursuant to the medium-term financing program shall not
 exceed $215,000,000: Provided further, That the interest subsidy authority
 and the tied aid grants authority provided under this heading are subject
 to authorization: Provided further, That there are hereby appropriated
 $110,000,000 to be made available for tied aid grants in accordance with
 section 15 of the Export-Import Bank Act of 1945, as amended, or, at the
 discretion of the Chairman of the Export-Import Bank, in accordance with the
 Trade and Development Enhancement Act of 1983, as amended: Provided further,
 That there are hereby appropriated $20,000,000 to be made available for
 interest subsidy payments in accordance with the Export-Import Bank Act
 of 1945, as amended: Provided further, That none of the funds appropriated
 under this heading for interest subsidy payments may be used in conjunction
 with any loan guaranteed from authority provided under this heading: Provided
 further, That the funds made available under this heading for both grant and
 subsidy purposes shall be subject to the regular notification procedures
 of the Committees on Appropriations of the House of Representatives and
 the Senate: Provided further, That $110,000,000 of the funds made available
 for tied aid grant purposes and $20,000,000 of the funds made available for
 interest subsidy payments shall be subject to the limitation on the gross
 obligations for the principal amount of direct loans specified under this
 heading: Provided further, That funds made available for grants or interest
 subsidy payments shall be made available only as authorized by law: Provided
 further, That loan guarantee authority available to the Export-Import Bank
 of the United States may be used by the Bank to participate in the financing
 of commercial sales of defense articles and services destined for Greece
 and Turkey, notwithstanding any other provision of law: Provided further,
 That the authority provided by the previous proviso shall not be used
 for the procurement of defense articles or services for use on Cyprus:
 Provided further, That during the fiscal year 1990, total commitments to
 guarantee loans shall not exceed $10,384,000,000 of contingent liability
 for loan principal: Provided further, That the direct loan, tied aid grant
 and interest subsidy authority provided under this heading shall remain
 available until September 30, 1991.
LIMITATION ON ADMINISTRATIVE EXPENSES
 Not to exceed $22,000,000 (to be computed on an accrual basis) shall be
 available during fiscal year 1990 for administrative expenses, including
 hire of passenger motor vehicles and services as authorized by section
 3109 of title 5, United States Code, and not to exceed $16,000 for official
 reception and representation expenses for members of the Board of Directors:
 Provided, That (1) fees or dues to international organizations of credit
 institutions engaged in financing foreign trade, (2) necessary expenses
 (including special services performed on a contract or a fee basis, but
 not including other personal services) in connection with the acquisition,
 operation, maintenance, improvement, or disposition of any real or personal
 property belonging to the Export-Import Bank or in which it has an interest,
 including expenses of collections of pledged collateral, or the investigation
 or appraisal of any property in respect to which an application for a loan has
 been made, and (3) expenses (other than internal expenses of the Export-Import
 Bank) incurred in connection with the issuance and servicing of guarantees,
 insurance, and reinsurance, shall be considered as nonadministrative expenses
 for the purposes of this heading.
Funds Appropriated to the President
TRADE AND DEVELOPMENT PROGRAM
 For necessary expenses to carry out the provisions of section 661 of
 the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961, $30,000,000: Provided, That except as
 provided in this or any other Act appropriating funds for foreign operations,
 export financing, and related programs, no provision of law enacted after
 May 19, 1988, may transfer funds to, or otherwise make available funds for,
 the Trade and Development Program.
Agency for International Development
TRADE CREDIT INSURANCE PROGRAM
 During fiscal year 1990, total commitments to guarantee or insure loans
 for the `Trade Credit Insurance Program' shall not exceed $200,000,000
 of contingent liability for loan principal for Central America and,
 notwithstanding any other provision of law, not to exceed $200,000,000 of
 contingent liability for loan principal for Poland pursuant to the authorities
 of section 224 of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961: Provided, That section
 224(c) of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 is amended by striking out
 `September 30, 1989' and inserting in lieu thereof `September 30, 1990'.
TITLE V--GENERAL PROVISIONS
COST BENEFIT STUDIES
 SEC. 501. None of the funds appropriated in this Act (other than funds
 appropriated for `International Organizations and Programs') shall be
 used to finance the construction of any new flood control, reclamation,
 or other water or related land resource project or program which has not
 met the standards and criteria used in determining the feasibility of flood
 control, reclamation, and other water and related land resource programs
 and projects proposed for construction within the United States of America
 under the principles, standards and procedures established pursuant to the
 Water Resources Planning Act (42 U.S.C. 1962, et seq.) or Acts amendatory
 or supplementary thereto.
OBLIGATIONS DURING LAST MONTH OF AVAILABILITY
 SEC. 502. Except for the appropriations entitled `International Disaster
 Assistance', and `United States Emergency Refugee and Migration Assistance
 Fund', not more than 15 per centum of any appropriation item made available
 by this Act shall be obligated during the last month of availability.
PROHIBITION AGAINST PAY TO FOREIGN ARMED SERVICE MEMBER
 SEC. 503. None of the funds appropriated in this Act nor any of the
 counterpart funds generated as a result of assistance hereunder or any prior
 Act shall be used to pay pensions, annuities, retirement pay, or adjusted
 service compensation for any person heretofore or hereafter serving in the
 armed forces of any recipient country.
TERMINATION FOR CONVENIENCE
 SEC. 504. None of the funds appropriated or made available pursuant to this
 Act for carrying out the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961, may be used for
 making payments on any contract for procurement to which the United States
 is a party entered into after the date of enactment of this Act which does
 not contain a provision authorizing the termination of such contract for
 the convenience of the United States.
PROHIBITION OF PAYMENTS TO UNITED NATIONS MEMBERS
 SEC. 505. None of the funds appropriated or made available pursuant to this
 Act for carrying out the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961, may be used to pay
 in whole or in part any assessments, arrearages, or dues of any member of
 the United Nations.
PROHIBITION OF BILATERAL FUNDING FOR INTERNATIONAL FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS
 SEC. 506. None of the funds contained in title II of this Act may be used
 to carry out the provisions of section 209(d) of the Foreign Assistance
 Act of 1961.
AID RESIDENCE EXPENSES
 SEC. 507. Of the funds appropriated or made available pursuant to this
 Act, not to exceed $126,500 shall be for official residence expenses of
 the Agency for International Development during the current fiscal year:
 Provided, That appropriate steps shall be taken to assure that, to the
 maximum extent possible, United States-owned foreign currencies are utilized
 in lieu of dollars.
AID ENTERTAINMENT EXPENSES
 SEC. 508. Of the funds appropriated or made available pursuant to this Act,
 not to exceed $11,500 shall be for entertainment expenses of the Agency
 for International Development during the current fiscal year.
REPRESENTATIONAL ALLOWANCES
 SEC. 509. Of the funds appropriated or made available pursuant to this Act,
 not to exceed $115,000 shall be available for representation allowances
 for the Agency for International Development during the current fiscal
 year: Provided, That appropriate steps shall be taken to assure that,
 to the maximum extent possible, United States-owned foreign currencies
 are utilized in lieu of dollars: Provided further, That of the funds made
 available by this Act for general costs of administering military assistance
 and sales under the heading `Foreign Military Financing Program', not to
 exceed $2,875 shall be available for entertainment expenses and not to
 exceed $75,000 shall be available for representation allowances: Provided
 further, That of the funds made available by this Act under the heading
 `International Military Education and Training', not to exceed $125,000
 shall be available for entertainment allowances: Provided further, That
 of the funds made available by this Act for the Inter-American Foundation,
 not to exceed $2,875 shall be available for entertainment and representation
 allowances: Provided further, That of the funds made available by this Act
 for the Peace Corps, not to exceed a total of $4,600 shall be available for
 entertainment expenses: Provided further, That of the funds made available
 by this Act under the heading `Trade and Development Program', not to exceed
 $2,300 shall be available for representation and entertainment allowances.
PROHIBITION ON FINANCING NUCLEAR GOODS
 SEC. 510. None of the funds appropriated or made available (other than
 funds for `International Organizations and Programs') pursuant to this Act,
 for carrying out the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961, may be used to finance
 the export of nuclear equipment, fuel, or technology.
HUMAN RIGHTS
 SEC. 511. Funds appropriated by this Act may not be obligated or expended to
 provide assistance to any country for the purpose of aiding the efforts of the
 government of such country to repress the legitimate rights of the population
 of such country contrary to the Universal Declaration of Human Rights.
PROHIBITION AGAINST DIRECT FUNDING FOR CERTAIN COUNTRIES
 SEC. 512. None of the funds appropriated or otherwise made available pursuant
 to this Act shall be obligated or expended to finance directly any assistance
 or reparations to Angola, Cambodia, Cuba, Iraq, Libya, the Socialist Republic
 of Vietnam, South Yemen, Iran, or Syria: Provided, That for purposes of
 this section, the prohibition on obligations or expenditures shall include
 direct loans, credits, insurance and guarantees of the Export-Import Bank
 or its agents: Provided further, That such prohibition shall not apply to
 the Export-Import Bank or its agents if in the judgment of the President
 its application is not in the national interest of the United States and
 so reports to Congress.
MILITARY COUPS
 SEC. 513. None of the funds appropriated or otherwise made available pursuant
 to this Act shall be obligated or expended to finance directly any assistance
 to any country whose duly elected Head of Government is deposed by military
 coup or decree: Provided, That assistance may be resumed to such country if
 the President determines and reports to the Committees on Appropriations
 that subsequent to the termination of assistance a democratically elected
 government has taken office.
TRANSFERS BETWEEN ACCOUNTS
 SEC. 514. None of the funds made available by this Act may be obligated
 under an appropriation account to which they were not appropriated,
 unless the President, prior to the exercise of any authority contained in
 the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 to transfer funds, consults with and
 provides a written policy justification to the Committees on Appropriations
 of the House of Representatives and the Senate: Provided further, That the
 exercise of such authority shall be subject to the regular notification
 procedures of the Committees on Appropriations.
DEOBLIGATION/REOBLIGATION AUTHORITY
 SEC. 515. Amounts certified pursuant to section 1311 of the Supplemental
 Appropriations Act, 1955, as having been obligated against appropriations
 heretofore made under the authority of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961
 for the same general purpose as any of the headings under the `Agency for
 International Development' are, if deobligated, hereby continued available
 for the same period as the respective appropriations under such headings
 or until September 30, 1990, whichever is later, and for the same general
 purpose, and for countries within the same region as originally obligated:
 Provided, That the Appropriations Committees of both Houses of the Congress
 are notified fifteen days in advance of the deobligation and reobligation
 of such funds in accordance with regular notification procedures of the
 Committees on Appropriations.
PROHIBITION ON PUBLICITY OR PROPAGANDA
 SEC. 516. No part of any appropriation contained in this Act shall be used
 for publicity or propaganda purposes within the United States not authorized
 before the date of enactment of this Act by the Congress.
AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS
 SEC. 517. No part of any appropriation contained in this Act shall remain
 available for obligation after the expiration of the current fiscal year
 unless expressly so provided in this Act: Provided, That funds appropriated
 for the purposes of chapter 1 of part I and chapter 4 of part II of the
 Foreign Assistance Act of 1961, as amended, shall remain available until
 expended if such funds are initially obligated before the expiration of
 their respective periods of availability contained in this Act: Provided
 further, That, notwithstanding any other provision of this Act, any funds
 made available for the purposes of chapter 1 of part I and chapter 4 of part
 II of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 which are allocated or obligated for
 cash disbursements in order to address balance of payments or economic policy
 reform objectives, shall remain available until expended: Provided further,
 That the report required by section 653(a) of the Foreign Assistance Act
 of 1961 shall designate for each country, to the extent known at the time
 of submission of such report, those funds allocated for cash disbursement
 for balance of payment and economic policy reform purposes.
LIMITATION ON ASSISTANCE TO COUNTRIES IN DEFAULT
 SEC. 518. No part of any appropriation contained in this Act shall be used
 to furnish assistance to any country which is in default during a period
 in excess of one calendar year in payment to the United States of principal
 or interest on any loan made to such country by the United States pursuant
 to a program for which funds are appropriated under this Act: Provided,
 That this section and section 620(q) of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961
 shall not apply to funds made available in this Act for any narcotics-related
 activities in Colombia, Bolivia, and Peru authorized by the Foreign Assistance
 Act of 1961, as amended, or the Arms Export Control Act.
FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS--NAMES OF BORROWERS
 SEC. 519. None of the funds appropriated or made available pursuant to
 this Act shall be available to any international financial institution
 whose United States governor or representative cannot upon request obtain
 the amounts and the names of borrowers for all loans of the international
 financial institution, including loans to employees of the institution,
 or the compensation and related benefits of employees of the institution.
FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS--DOCUMENTATION
 SEC. 520. None of the funds appropriated or made available pursuant to this
 Act shall be available to any international financial institution whose United
 States governor or representative cannot upon request obtain any document
 developed by or in the possession of the management of the international
 financial institution, unless the United States governor or representative
 of the institution certifies to the Committees on Appropriations that
 the confidentiality of the information is essential to the operation of
 the institution.
COMMERCE AND TRADE
 SEC. 521. None of the funds appropriated or made available pursuant to this
 Act for direct assistance and none of the funds otherwise made available
 pursuant to this Act to the Export-Import Bank and the Overseas Private
 Investment Corporation shall be obligated or expended to finance any loan,
 any assistance or any other financial commitments for establishing or
 expanding production of any commodity for export by any country other
 than the United States, if the commodity is likely to be in surplus on
 world markets at the time the resulting productive capacity is expected
 to become operative and if the assistance will cause substantial injury
 to United States producers of the same, similar, or competing commodity:
 Provided, That such prohibition shall not apply to the Export-Import Bank
 if in the judgment of its Board of Directors the benefits to industry and
 employment in the United States are likely to outweigh the injury to United
 States producers of the same, similar, or competing commodity.
SURPLUS COMMODITIES
 SEC. 522. The Secretary of the Treasury shall instruct the United States
 Executive Directors of the International Bank for Reconstruction and
 Development, the International Development Association, the International
 Finance Corporation, the Inter-American Development Bank, the International
 Monetary Fund, the Asian Development Bank, the Inter-American Investment
 Corporation, the African Development Bank, and the African Development Fund
 to use the voice and vote of the United States to oppose any assistance by
 these institutions, using funds appropriated or made available pursuant to
 this Act, for the production or extraction of any commodity or mineral for
 export, if it is in surplus on world markets and if the assistance will
 cause substantial injury to United States producers of the same, similar,
 or competing commodity.
NOTIFICATION REQUIREMENTS
 SEC. 523. For the purposes of providing the Executive Branch with the
 necessary administrative flexibility, none of the funds made available under
 this Act for `Agriculture, rural development, and nutrition, Development
 Assistance', `Population, Development Assistance', `Child Survival Fund',
 `Health, Development Assistance', `International AIDS Prevention and Control
 Program', `Education and human resources development, Development Assistance',
 `Private Sector, environment, and energy, Development Assistance', `Science
 and technology, Development Assistance', `Sub-Saharan Africa, Development
 Assistance', `International organizations and programs', `American schools
 and hospitals abroad', `Trade and development program', `International
 narcotics control', `Economic support fund', `Peacekeeping operations',
 `Operating expenses of the Agency for International Development', `Operating
 expenses of the Agency for International Development Office of Inspector
 General', `Anti-terrorism assistance', `Foreign Military Financing Program',
 `International military education and training', `Inter-American Foundation',
 `African Development Foundation', `Peace Corps', or `Migration and refugee
 assistance', shall be available for obligation for activities, programs,
 projects, type of materiel assistance, countries, or other operation
 not justified or in excess of the amount justified to the Appropriations
 Committees for obligation under any of these specific headings for the
 current fiscal year unless the Appropriations Committees of both Houses of
 Congress are previously notified fifteen days in advance: Provided, That
 the President shall not enter into any commitment of funds appropriated
 for the purposes of chapter 2 of part II of the Foreign Assistance Act of
 1961 or of funds appropriated for the purposes of section 23 of the Arms
 Export Control Act for the provision of major defense equipment, other than
 conventional ammunition, or other major defense items defined to be aircraft,
 ships, missiles, or combat vehicles, not previously justified to Congress
 or 20 per centum in excess of the quantities justified to Congress unless
 the Committees on Appropriations are notified fifteen days in advance of
 such commitment: Provided further, That this section shall not apply to any
 reprogramming for an activity, program, or project under chapter 1 of part
 I of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 of less than 20 per centum of the
 amount previously justified to the Congress for obligation for such activity,
 program, or project for the current fiscal year.
CONSULTING SERVICES
 SEC. 524. The expenditure of any appropriation under this Act for any
 consulting service through procurement contract, pursuant to section 3109
 of title 5, United States Code, shall be limited to those contracts where
 such expenditures are a matter of public record and available for public
 inspection, except where otherwise provided under existing law, or under
 existing Executive order pursuant to existing law.
PROHIBITION ON ABORTION LOBBYING
 SEC. 525. None of the funds appropriated under this Act may be used to
 lobby for abortion.
LIMITATION ON AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS FOR INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS AND
PROGRAMS
 SEC. 526. (a) Notwithstanding any other provision of law or of this Act,
 none of the funds provided for `International Organizations and Programs'
 shall be available for the United States proportionate share for any programs
 for the Palestine Liberation Organization (or for projects whose purpose is
 to provide benefits to the Palestine Liberation Organization or entities
 associated with it), the Southwest Africa People's Organization, Libya,
 Iran, or, at the discretion of the President, Communist countries listed in
 section 620(f) of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961, as amended: Provided,
 That, subject to the regular notification procedures of the Committees on
 Appropriations, funds appropriated under this Act or any previously enacted
 Act making appropriations for foreign operations, export financing, and
 related programs, which are returned or not made available for organizations
 and programs because of the implementation of this section or any similar
 provision of law, shall remain available for obligation through September
 30, 1991.
 (b) The United States shall not make any voluntary or assessed contribution--
 (1) to any affiliated organization of the United Nations which grants full
 membership as a state to any organization or group that does not have the
 internationally recognized attributes of statehood, or
 (2) to the United Nations, if the United Nations grants full membership as
 a state in the United Nations to any organization or group that does not
 have the internationally recognized attributes of statehood,
during any period in which such membership is effective.
UNITED NATIONS VOTING RECORD
 SEC. 527. (a) IN GENERAL- Not later than March 31 of each year, the Secretary
 of State shall transmit to the Speaker of the House of Representatives
 and the President of the Senate a full and complete annual report which
 assesses for the prior calendar year, with respect to each foreign country
 member of the United Nations, the voting practices of the governments of
 such countries at the United Nations, and evaluates General Assembly and
 Security Council actions and the responsiveness of those governments to
 United States policy on issues of special importance to the United States.
 (b) INFORMATION ON VOTING PRACTICES IN THE UNITED NATIONS- Such report shall
 include, with respect to voting practices and plenary actions in the United
 Nations during the preceding year, information to be compiled and supplied
 by the Permanent Representative of the United States to the United Nations,
 consisting of--
 (1) an analysis and discussion, prepared in consultation with the Secretary
 of State, of the extent to which member countries supported United States
 policy objectives at the United Nations;
 (2) an analysis and discussion, prepared in consultation with the Secretary
 of State, of actions taken by the United Nations by consensus;
 (3) with respect to plenary votes of the United Nations General Assembly--
 (A) a listing of all such votes on issues which directly affected important
 United States interests and on which the United States lobbied extensively
 and a brief description of the issues involved in each such vote;
 (B) a listing of the votes described in subparagraph (A) which provides a
 comparison of the vote cast by each member country with the vote cast by
 the United States;
 (C) a country-by-country listing of votes described in subparagraph (A); and
 (D) a listing of votes described in subparagraph (A) displayed in terms of
 United Nations regional caucus groups;
 (4) a listing of all plenary votes cast by member countries of the United
 Nations in the General Assembly which provides a comparison of the vote
 cast by each member country with the vote cast by the United States;
 (5) an analysis and discussion, prepared in consultation with the Secretary
 of State, of the extent to which other members supported United States policy
 objectives in the Security Council and a separate listing of all Security
 Council votes of each member country in comparison with the United States; and
 (6) a side-by-side comparison of agreement on important and overall votes
 for each member country and the United States.
 (c) FORMAT- Information required pursuant to subsection (b)(3) shall also
 be submitted, together with an explanation of the statistical methodology,
 in a format identical to that contained in chapter II of the March 14,
 1988, Report to Congress on Voting Practices in the United Nations.
 (d) STATEMENT BY THE SECRETARY OF STATE- Each report under subsection (a)
 shall contain a statement by the Secretary of State discussing the measures
 which have been taken to inform United States diplomatic missions of United
 Nations General Assembly and Security Council activities.
 (e) TECHNICAL AND CONFORMING AMENDMENTS- The following provisions of law
 are repealed:
 (1) The second undesignated paragraph of section 101(b)(1) of the Foreign
 Assistance and Related Programs Appropriations Act, 1984 (Public Law 98-151;
 97 Stat. 964).
 (2) Section 530 of the Foreign Assistance and Related Programs Appropriations
 Act, 1985 (Public Law 98-473, 98 Stat. 1837).
 (3) Section 529 of the Foreign Assistance and Related Programs Appropriations
 Act, 1986, as enacted by Public Law 99-190 (99 Stat. 1185).
 (4) Section 528 of the Foreign Assistance and Related Programs Appropriations
 Act, 1987, as enacted by Public Law 99-500 (100 Stat. 1783) and Public Law
 99-591 (100 Stat. 3341).
 (5) Section 528 of the Foreign Operations, Export Financing, and Related
 Programs Appropriations Act, 1988, as enacted by Public Law 100-202 (101
 Stat. 1329).
 (6) Section 527 of the Foreign Operations, Export Financing, and Related
 Programs Appropriations Act, 1989, as enacted by Public Law 100-461 (101
 Stat. 2268).
LOANS TO ISRAEL UNDER ARMS EXPORT CONTROL ACT
 SEC. 528. Notwithstanding any other provision of law, Israel may utilize
 any loan which is or was made available under the Arms Export Control Act
 and for which repayment is or was forgiven before utilizing any other loan
 made available under the Arms Export Control Act.
PROHIBITION AGAINST UNITED STATES EMPLOYEES RECOGNIZING OR NEGOTIATING WITH PLO
 SEC. 529. In reaffirmation of the 1975 memorandum of agreement between
 the United States and Israel, and in accordance with section 1302 of the
 International Security and Development Cooperation Act of 1985 (Public
 Law 99-83), no employee of or individual acting on behalf of the United
 States Government shall recognize or negotiate with the Palestine Liberation
 Organization or representatives thereof, so long as the Palestine Liberation
 Organization does not recognize Israel's right to exist, does not accept
 Security Council Resolutions 242 and 338, and does not renounce the use
 of terrorism.
ECONOMIC SUPPORT FUND ASSISTANCE FOR ISRAEL
 SEC. 530. The Congress finds that progress on the peace process in the
 Middle East is vitally important to United States security interests in the
 region. The Congress recognizes that, in fulfilling its obligations under the
 Treaty of Peace Between the Arab Republic of Egypt and the State of Israel,
 done at Washington on March 26, 1979, Israel incurred severe economic
 burdens. Furthermore, the Congress recognizes that an economically and
 militarily secure Israel serves the security interests of the United States,
 for a secure Israel is an Israel which has the incentive and confidence to
 continue pursuing the peace process. Therefore, the Congress declares that it
 is the policy and the intention of the United States that the funds provided
 in annual appropriations for the Economic Support Fund which are allocated
 to Israel shall not be less than the annual debt repayment (interest and
 principal) from Israel to the United States Government in recognition that
 such a principle serves United States interests in the region.
CEILINGS AND EARMARKS
 SEC. 531. Ceilings and earmarks contained in this Act shall not be applicable
 to funds or authorities appropriated or otherwise made available by any
 subsequent Act unless such Act specifically so directs.
NOTIFICATION CONCERNING AIRCRAFT IN CENTRAL AMERICA
 SEC. 532. (a) During the current fiscal year, the authorities of part II of
 the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 and the Arms Export Control Act may not be
 used to make available any helicopters or other aircraft for military use,
 and licenses may not be issued under section 38 of the Arms Export Control
 Act for the export of any such aircraft, to any country in Central America
 unless the Committees on Appropriations, the Committee on Foreign Affairs
 of the House of Representatives and the Committee on Foreign Relations of
 the Senate are notified in writing at least fifteen days in advance.
 (b) During the current fiscal year, the Secretary of State shall promptly
 notify the committees designated in subsection (a) whenever any helicopters
 or other aircraft for military use are provided to any country in Central
 America by any foreign country.
ENVIRONMENTAL CONCERNS
 SEC. 533. (a) It is the policy of the United States that sustainable
 economic growth must be predicated on the sustainable management of natural
 resources. The Secretary of the Treasury shall instruct the United States
 Executive Directors of each multilateral development bank (MDB) to promote
 vigorously within each MDB the expansion of programs in areas which address
 the problems of global climate change through requirements to--
 (1) augment and expand the professional staff of each MDB with expertise
 in end-use energy efficiency and conservation and renewable energy;
 (2) develop methodologies which allow borrowing countries to include
 investments in end-use energy efficiency and renewable energy as explicit
 alternatives in the `least cost' energy sector investments plans they
 prepare with MDB assistance. Such plans shall give priority to projects
 and programs which support energy conservation, end-use efficiency and
 renewable energy sources in major economic sectors, and shall compare the
 economic and environmental costs of those actions with the economic and
 environmental costs of investments in conventional energy supplies;
 (3) provide analysis for each proposed loan to support additional power
 generating capacity, comparing the economic and environmental costs of
 investments in demand reduction, including energy conservation and end-use
 energy efficiency, with the economic and environmental costs of the proposal;
 (4) assure that systematic, detailed environmental impact assessments
 (EIA) of proposed energy projects, or projects with potential significant
 environmental impacts, are conducted early in the project cycle. Assessments
 should include but not be limited to--
 (A) consideration of a wide range of alternatives to the proposed project
 including, where feasible, alternative investments in end-use energy
 efficiency and non-conventional renewable energy; and
 (B) encouragement and adoption of policies which allow for public
 participation in the EIA process;
 (5) include environmental costs in the economic assessment of the proposed
 projects with significant potential environmental impacts, or power projects,
 and if possible for all projects which involve expansion of generating
 capacity of more than 10 MW, develop a standard increase in project cost
 as a surrogate for the environmental costs;
 (6) encourage and promote end-use energy efficiency and renewable energy
 in negotiations of policy-based energy sector lending, and MDBs should
 consider not proceeding with policy-based sector loans which do not contain
 commitments from the borrowing country to devote a significant portion of
 its sector investments toward energy efficiency and renewable energy;
 (7) provide technical assistance as a component of all energy sector lending
 to help borrowing countries identify and pursue end-use energy efficiency
 investments. This technical assistance shall include support for detailed
 audits of energy use and the development of institutional capacity to
 promote end-use energy efficiency and conservation;
 (8) work with borrowing countries, with input from the public in both
 borrowing and donor countries, to develop loans for end-use energy efficiency
 and renewable energy, where possible `bundling' small projects into larger,
 more easily financed projects; and
 (9) seek the convening of a special seminar for board members and senior
 staff of each MDB concerning alternate energy investment opportunities and
 end-use energy efficiency and conservation.
 (b) The Secretary of the Treasury as a part of the annual report to the
 Congress shall describe in detail, progress made by each of the MDBs
 in adopting and implementing programs meeting the standards set out in
 subsection (a), including in particular--
 (1) efforts by the Department of Treasury to assure implementation by each
 of the MDBs of programs substantially equivalent to those set out in this
 section, and results of such efforts;
 (2) progress made by each MDB in drafting and implementing least cost
 energy plans for each recipient country which meets requirements outlined
 in subsection (a)(2);
 (3) the absolute dollar amounts, and proportion of total lending in the
 energy sector, of loans and portions of loans, approved by each MDB in the
 previous year for projects or programs of end-use energy efficiency and
 conservation and renewable energy.
 (c) Not later than April 1, 1990, the Secretary of the Treasury shall request
 each MDB to prepare an analysis of the impact its current forestry sector
 loans will have on borrowing country emissions of CO2 and the status of
 proposals for specific forestry sector activities to reduce CO2 emissions.
 (d)(1) The Administrator of the Agency for International Development shall
 issue guidance to all Agency missions and bureaus detailing the elements of a
 `Global Warming Initiative' which will emphasize the need to reduce emissions
 of greenhouse gases, especially CO2, through strategies consistent with their
 continued economic development. This initiative shall emphasize the need to
 accelerate sustainable development strategies in areas such as reforestation,
 biodiversity, end-use energy efficiency, least-cost energy planning, and
 renewable energy, and shall encourage mission directors to incorporate the
 elements of this initiative in developing their country programs.
 (2) The Agency for International Development shall--
 (A) increase the number and expertise of personnel devoted to end-use energy
 efficiency, renewable energy, and environmental activities in all bureaus
 and missions;
 (B) devote increased resources to technical training of mission directors,
 in energy planning, energy conservation, end-use energy efficiency, renewable
 energy, reforestation, and biodiversity;
 (C) accelerate the activities of the Multi-Agency Working Group on Power
 Sector Innovation to enable completion of case studies of at least ten
 countries in fiscal year 1990; and
 (D) devote at least 10 percent of the resources allocated for forestry
 activities to the preservation and restoration (as opposed to management
 for extraction) of natural forests.
 (3) Funds appropriated by this Act to carry out the provisions of sections
 103 to 106 of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 may be used to reimburse
 the full cost of technical personnel detailed or assigned to, or contracted
 by, the Agency for International Development to provide expertise in the
 environmental sector.
 (4)(A) Section 119(b) of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 is amended by
 inserting `, notwithstanding section 660,' after `this part'.
 (B) Not less than $10,000,000 of the funds appropriated to carry out
 the provisions of sections 103 through 106 of such Act (including funds
 for sub-Saharan Africa) shall be made available for biological diversity
 activities, of which $2,000,000 shall be made available for the Parks in
 Peril project, pursuant to the authority of section 119(b) and $1,000,000
 shall be available for the National Science Foundation's international
 biological diversity program.
 (C) Funds obligated in prior fiscal years pursuant to the authority of
 section 119(b) may be expended in fiscal year 1990 pursuant to the authority
 of such section as amended by subparagraph (A).
 (e) The Secretary of the Treasury shall--
 (1) instruct the United States Executive Directors to the International
 Bank for Reconstruction and Development, the International Development
 Association, the Inter-American Development Bank, the African Development
 Bank, the Asian Development Bank, and the International Monetary Fund,
 to actively support lending portfolios which allow debtor developing
 countries to reduce or restructure debt in concert with the sustainable
 use of their natural resources. As a part of any such debt restructuring
 program, the United States Executive Director should require a thorough
 review of opportunities this initiative may offer for providing additional
 financial resources for the management of natural resources. The Secretary
 shall submit a report to the Committees on Appropriations on the progress
 of this program by April 30, 1990;
 (2) instruct the United States Executive Directors to the international
 financial institutions to seek the support of other donor countries in the
 implementation of this policy; and
 (3) instruct the United States Executive Director to the International Bank
 for Reconstruction and Development to actively seek the implementation by the
 World Bank of the recommendations set forth in its April 1, 1988, report on
 `Debt-for-Nature swaps', including the setting up of a pilot debt-for-nature
 swap program in one or more interested countries. The Secretary shall submit
 a progress report on the implementation of this program to the Committees
 on Appropriations by April 1, 1990.
 (f) The Secretary of the Treasury shall seek to incorporate natural resource
 management initiatives throughout the implementation of the Brady Plan. The
 Secretary shall submit to the Committees on Appropriations a report by April
 15, 1990, describing how such initiatives have been incorporated into the
 Brady Plan and identifying any such initiatives undertaken to date.
 (g) The Secretary of the Treasury shall instruct the United States Executive
 Director to the Inter-American Development Bank to--
 (1) seek implementation of the environmental reform measures agreed to as
 part of the Bank's 7th Replenishment;
 (2) seek adoption of Bank policies regarding indigenous people, relations
 with nongovernmental organizations, and the protection of wildlife and
 unique natural and cultural features;
 (3) require the Bank to demonstrate how it has improved, and will improve,
 the monitoring of environmental and social components of loans; and
 (4) within four months after the date of enactment of this Act report
 to the Committees on Appropriations on the progress the Bank has made in
 implementing each of these reforms.
GLOBAL WARMING INITIATIVE
 SEC. 534. (a) TROPICAL FORESTRY ASSISTANCE- (1) In order to achieve the
 maximum impact from activities relating to tropical forestry, the Agency for
 International Development shall focus tropical forestry assistance programs
 on the key middle- and low-income developing countries (hereinafter `key
 countries') which are projected to contribute large amounts of greenhouse
 gases related to global warming as a result of industrialization and the
 burning of fossil fuels, and destruction of tropical forests.
 (2) Funds appropriated to carry out the provisions of sections 103 and 106
 of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961, as amended, may be used by the Agency
 for International Development, notwithstanding any other provision of law,
 for the purpose of supporting tropical forestry programs aimed at reducing
 emissions of greenhouse gases with regard to the key countries in which
 deforestation makes a significant contribution to global warming, except
 that such assistance shall be subject to sections 116, 502B, and 620A of
 the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961.
 (3) In providing assistance relating to tropical forests, the Administrator of
 that Agency shall, to the extent feasible and appropriate, assist countries
 in developing a systematic analysis of the appropriate use of their total
 tropical forest resources, with the goal of developing a national program
 for sustainable forestry.
 (b) ENERGY ASSISTANCE- (1) In order to achieve the maximum impact from
 activities relating to energy, the Agency for International Development shall
 focus energy assistance activities on the key countries, where assistance
 would have the greatest impact on reducing emissions from greenhouse
 gases. Such assistance shall be focused on improved energy efficiency,
 increased use of renewable energy resources and national energy plans (such
 as least-cost energy plans) which include investment in end-use efficiency
 and renewable energy resources.
 (2) Funds appropriated to carry out the provisions of sections 103 and 106
 of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961, as amended, may be used by the Agency
 for International Development, notwithstanding any other provision of law,
 for the purpose of supporting energy programs aimed at reducing emissions of
 greenhouse gases related to global warming with regard to the key countries,
 except that such assistance shall be subject to sections 116, 502B, and
 620A of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961.
 (3) It is the sense of the Congress that the Agency for International
 Development should increase its efforts in the fields of energy efficiency,
 renewable energy, and energy planning. Such increase should take place
 with respect to key countries and countries with large Economic Support
 Fund project assistance. Such efforts should include--
 (A) an increase in the number of Agency for International Development staff
 with energy expertise, including staff with expertise in renewable energy
 technologies and end-use efficiency;
 (B) assistance to develop analyses of energy-sector actions that could
 minimize emissions of greenhouse gases at least cost, while at the same time
 meeting basic economic and social development needs. Such assistance should
 include country-specific analyses which compare the economic and environmental
 costs of actions to promote energy efficiency and nonconventional renewable
 energy with the economic and environmental costs of investments to provide
 additional conventional energy supplies;
 (C) assistance to develop energy-sector plans that employ end-use analysis
 and other techniques to identify the most cost-effective actions to minimize
 increased reliance on fossil fuels, ensuring to the maximum extent feasible
 that nongovernmental organizations and academic institutions are involved
 in this planning;
 (D) insuring that AID energy assistance--including support for private-sector
 initiatives--is consistent with the analyses and plans described in
 subparagraphs (B) and (C) above, and that environmental impacts (including
 that on global warming) and alternatives have been fully analyzed;
 (E) assistance to improve efficiency in the production, transmission,
 distribution, and use of energy. Such assistance should focus on the
 development of institutions to (i) promote energy efficiency in all sectors
 of energy production and use, (ii) provide training and technical assistance
 to help energy producers and users identify cost-effective actions to improve
 energy efficiency, (iii) finance specific investments in energy efficiency in
 all sectors of energy production and use, and (iv) improve local capabilities
 in the research, development, and sale of energy efficient technologies;
 (F) assistance in exploiting nonconventional renewable energy resources,
 including wind, solar, small-hydro, geothermal, and advanced biomass
 systems. This assistance should also promote efficient use of traditional
 biomass fuels through improved fuelwood management and improved methods of
 charcoal production;
 (G) expanding efforts to meet the energy needs of the rural poor through the
 methods described in subparagraphs (E) and (F). Specifically these efforts
 should promote improved efficiency in the use of biomass fuels for household
 energy, improved systems of fuelwood management, and the development of
 the nonconventional renewable energy systems described in subparagraph (F);
 (H) encouraging host countries to sponsor meetings with officials from
 the United States utility sector who are leaders in energy efficiency
 and other United States experts to discuss the application of least-cost
 planning techniques;
 (I) developing a cadre of United States experts from industry, academia,
 nonprofit organizations, and government agencies capable of providing
 technical assistance to developing countries concerning energy policy and
 planning, energy efficiency and renewable energy resources;
 (J) in cooperation with the Department of Energy, the Environmental Protection
 Agency, the World Bank, and the Development Assistance Committee of the OECD,
 supporting research concerning the ways developing nations can meet their
 energy needs while minimizing global warming and how to meet those needs; and
 (K) strengthening the Agency for International Development's partnership
 with the Department of Energy in order to ensure that the Agency's energy
 efforts take full advantage of United States expertise and technology.
 (c) REPORTS AND AUTHORITIES- (1) The Agency for International Development, in
 consultation with the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), the Department
 of State, and other appropriate agencies, shall submit to Congress no later
 than April 15, 1990, a report which (1) examines the potential contributions
 of developing countries to future global emissions of greenhouse gases under
 different economic growth scenarios, (2) estimates the relative contributions
 of those countries to global greenhouse gas emissions, and (3) identifies
 specific key countries which stand to contribute significantly to global
 greenhouse gas emissions, and in which actions to promote energy efficiency,
 reliance on renewable energy resources, and conservation of forest resources
 could significantly reduce emissions of greenhouse gases. This report should
 utilize existing data, including the models and methodologies already
 developed by the EPA for their report to Congress on policy options for
 stabilizing global climate.
 (2) Of the funds appropriated to carry out the provisions of sections
 103 and 106 of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961, as amended, the Agency
 for International Development may use such amounts as may be necessary to
 reimburse United States Government agencies, agencies of State governments,
 and institutions of higher learning for the full costs of employees detailed
 or assigned to the Agency for International Development for the purpose of
 carrying out activities relating to forestry and energy programs aimed at
 reducing emissions of greenhouse gases related to global warming. Personnel
 who are detailed or assigned for the purposes of this section shall not
 be included within any personnel ceiling applicable to any United States
 Government agency during the period of detail or assignment.
 (d) EXPORT-IMPORT BANK- (1) Of the financing provided by the Export-Import
 Bank that is utilized for the support of exports for the energy sector,
 the Bank shall seek to provide not less than 5 per centum of such financing
 for renewable energy projects.
 (2) The Export-Import Bank shall take all appropriate steps to finance
 information exchanges and training whose purpose it is to help link United
 States producers in the renewable energy sector with assistance programs
 and potential foreign customers.
 (3) Beginning on April 15, 1990, the Chairman of the Export-Import Bank
 shall submit an annual report to the Committees on Appropriations on the
 Bank's implementation of this subsection.
PROHIBITION CONCERNING ABORTIONS AND INVOLUNTARY STERILIZATION
 SEC. 535. None of the funds made available to carry out part I of the Foreign
 Assistance Act of 1961, as amended, may be used to pay for the performance
 of abortions as a method of family planning or to motivate or coerce any
 person to practice abortions. None of the funds made available to carry out
 part I of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961, as amended, may be used to
 pay for the performance of involuntary sterilization as a method of family
 planning or to coerce or provide any financial incentive to any person to
 undergo sterilizations. None of the funds made available to carry out part
 I of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961, as amended, may be used to pay for
 any biomedical research which relates in whole or in part, to methods of,
 or the performance of, abortions or involuntary sterilization as a means
 of family planning. None of the funds made available to carry out part I of
 the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961, as amended, may be obligated or expended
 for any country or organization if the President certifies that the use of
 these funds by any such country or organization would violate any of the
 above provisions related to abortions and involuntary sterilizations. The
 Congress reaffirms its commitments to Population, Development Assistance
 and to the need for informed voluntary family planning.
AFGHANISTAN--HUMANITARIAN ASSISTANCE
 SEC. 536. Of the aggregate amount of funds appropriated by this Act, to
 be derived in equal parts from the funds appropriated to carry out the
 provisions of chapter 1 of part I of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961,
 and chapter 4 of part II of that Act, not less than $70,000,000 shall be
 made available for the provision of food, medicine, or other humanitarian
 assistance to the Afghan people, notwithstanding any other provision of law:
 Provided, That of the funds appropriated under the heading `Private Sector,
 Environment, and Energy, Development Assistance', $13,500,000 shall be
 transferred to `International Organizations and Programs' and made available
 only for the United Nations Afghanistan Emergency Trust Fund.
PRIVATE VOLUNTARY ORGANIZATIONS--DOCUMENTATION
 SEC. 537. None of the funds appropriated or made available pursuant to this
 Act shall be available to a private voluntary organization which fails
 to provide upon timely request any document, file, or record necessary
 to the auditing requirements of the Agency for International Development,
 nor shall any of the funds appropriated by this Act be made available to
 any private voluntary organization which is not registered with the Agency
 for International Development.
EL SALVADOR--INVESTIGATION OF MURDERS
 SEC. 538. Of the amounts made available by this Act for military assistance
 and financing for El Salvador under chapters 2 and 5 of part II of the
 Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 and under the Arms Export Control Act,
 $5,000,000 may not be expended until the President reports, following
 the conclusion of the Appeals process in the case of Captain Avila, to
 the Committees on Appropriations that the Government of El Salvador has
 (1) substantially concluded all investigative action with respect to those
 responsible for the January 1981 deaths of the two United States land reform
 consultants Michael Hammer and Mark Pearlman and the Salvadoran Land Reform
 Institute Director Jose Rodolfo Viera, (2) pursued all legal avenues to
 bring to trial and obtain a verdict of those who ordered and carried out
 the January 1981 murders, and (3) pursued all legal avenues to bring to
 trial those who ordered and carried out the September 1988 massacre of ten
 peasants near the town of San Francisco, El Salvador, and to obtain a verdict.
REFUGEE RESETTLEMENT
 SEC. 539. It is the sense of the Congress that all countries receiving
 United States foreign assistance under the `Economic Support Fund',
 `Foreign Military Financing Program', `International Military Education
 and Training', the Agricultural Trade Development and Assistance Act of
 1954 (Public Law 480), development assistance programs, or trade promotion
 programs should fully cooperate with the international refugee assistance
 organizations, the United States, and other governments in facilitating
 lasting solutions to refugee situations. Further, where resettlement to
 other countries is the appropriate solution, such resettlement should be
 expedited in cooperation with the country of asylum without respect to race,
 sex, religion, or national origin.
IMMUNIZATIONS FOR CHILDREN
 SEC. 540. The Congress calls upon the President to direct the Agency for
 International Development, working through the Centers for Disease Control
 and other appropriate Federal agencies, to work in a global effort to provide
 enhanced support toward achieving the goal of universal access to childhood
 immunization by 1990.
ETHIOPIA--FORCED RESETTLEMENT, VILLAGIZATION
 SEC. 541. None of the funds appropriated in this Act shall be made available
 for any costs associated with the Government of Ethiopia's forced resettlement
 or villagization programs.
SUDAN, SOMALIA, LEBANON, LIBERIA, AND ZAIRE NOTIFICATION REQUIREMENTS
 SEC. 542. None of the funds appropriated in this Act shall be obligated
 or expended for Sudan, Uganda, Liberia, Lebanon, Zaire, or Somalia except
 as provided through the regular notification procedures of the Committees
 on Appropriations.
DEFINITION OF PROGRAM, PROJECT, AND ACTIVITY
 SEC. 543. For the purpose of this Act, `program, project, and activity'
 shall be defined at the Appropriations Act account level and shall include
 all Appropriations and Authorizations Acts earmarks, ceilings, and limitations
 with the exception that for the following accounts: Economic Support Fund and
 Foreign Military Financing Program, `program, project, and activity' shall
 also be considered to include country, regional, and central program level
 funding within each such account; for the development assistance accounts
 of the Agency for International Development `program, project, and activity'
 shall also be considered to include central program level funding, either as
 (1) justified to the Congress, or (2) allocated by the executive branch in
 accordance with a report, to be provided to the Committees on Appropriations
 within thirty days of enactment of this Act, as required by section 653(a)
 of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961, as amended.
CHILD SURVIVAL AND AIDS ACTIVITIES
 SEC. 544. Of the funds made available by this Act for assistance for health,
 child survival, and AIDS, up to $6,000,000 may be used to reimburse United
 States Government agencies, agencies of State governments, and institutions
 of higher learning for the full cost of employees detailed or assigned,
 as the case may be, to the Agency for International Development for the
 purpose of carrying out child survival activities and activities relating
 to research on, and the treatment and control of, acquired immune deficiency
 syndrome in developing countries: Provided, That personnel who are detailed
 or assigned for the purposes of this section shall not be included within
 any personnel ceiling applicable to any United States Government agency
 during the period of detail or assignment.
CHILE--LOANS FROM MULTILATERAL DEVELOPMENT INSTITUTIONS
 SEC. 545. (a) It is the sense of Congress that pursuant to section 701 of
 the International Financial Institutions Act of 1977, the United States
 Government should oppose all loans to Chile from international financial
 institutions, except for those for basic human needs, until--
 (1) the Government of Chile has ended its practice and pattern of gross
 abuse of internationally recognized human rights;
 (2) significant steps have been taken by the Government of Chile to restore
 democracy, including--
 (A) the implementation of political reforms which are essential to the
 development of democracy, such as the legalization of political parties,
 the enactment of election laws, the establishment of freedom of speech and
 the press, and the fair and prompt administration of justice; and
 (B) a precise and reasonable timetable has been established for the transition
 to democracy.
 (b) Except for programs under section 534(b) (4) or (6) of the Foreign
 Assistance Act of 1961 to support the efforts of private groups and
 individuals seeking to develop a national consensus on the importance of
 an independent judiciary and the administration of justice generally in
 a democratic society, assistance for which programs may be made available
 notwithstanding section 726 of the International Security and Development
 Cooperation Act of 1981, and assistance under subsection (c) of this section,
 none of the funds made available by this Act for `Economic Support Fund'
 or for title III shall be obligated or expended for Chile.
 (c)(1) The Congress supports the democratic transition underway in Chile,
 and intends to assist the new democratically elected government, following
 its inauguration in March of 1990, with assistance to--
 (A) strengthen democratic institutions; and
 (B) establish a new relationship with the Chilean armed forces appropriate
 to a democratic system of government.
 (2) Of the funds appropriated by this Act under the heading `International
 Military Education and Training', up to $50,000 may be made available for
 Chile for fiscal year 1990, subject to the following conditions--
 (A) a civilian, democratically elected President is in power in Chile and
 has requested such funds;
 (B) internationally recognized human rights are being respected and the
 civilian government is exercising independent and effective authority; and
 (C) the Government of Chile is making good-faith efforts in attempting to
 resolve the murders of Orlando Letelier and Ronni Moffitt.
 (3) Assistance may be provided under paragraph (2) without regard to the
 requirements of section 726(b) of the International Security and Development
 Cooperation Act of 1981.
COMMODITY COMPETITION
 SEC. 546. None of the funds appropriated by this or any other Act to carry out
 chapter 1 of part I of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 shall be available
 for any testing or breeding feasibility study, variety improvement or
 introduction, consultancy, publication, conference, or training in connection
 with the growth or production in a foreign country of an agricultural
 commodity for export which would compete with a similar commodity grown or
 produced in the United States: Provided, That this section shall not prohibit:
 (1) activities designed to increase food security in developing countries
 where such activities will not have a significant impact in the export of
 agricultural commodities of the United States; or
 (2) research activities intended primarily to benefit American producers.
PROHIBITION OF FUNDING RELATED TO COMPETITION WITH UNITED STATES EXPORTS
 SEC. 547. None of the funds provided in this Act to the Agency for
 International Development, other than funds made available to carry out
 Caribbean Basin Initiative programs under the Tariff Schedules of the United
 States, section 1202 of title 19, United States Code, schedule 8, part I,
 subpart B, item 807.00, shall be obligated or expended--
 (1) to procure directly feasibility studies or prefeasibility studies for,
 or project profiles of potential investment in, the manufacture, for export
 to the United States or to third country markets in direct competition with
 United States exports, of import-sensitive articles as defined by section
 503(c)(1) (A) and (E) of the Tariff Act of 1930 (19 U.S.C. 2463(c)(1)
 (A) and (E)); or
 (2) to assist directly in the establishment of facilities specifically
 designed for the manufacture, for export to the United States or to
 third country markets in direct competition with United States exports,
 of import-sensitive articles as defined in section 503(c)(1) (A) and (E)
 of the Tariff Act of 1930 (19 U.S.C. 2463(c)(1) (A) and (E)).
PROHIBITION AGAINST INDIRECT FUNDING TO CERTAIN COUNTRIES
 SEC. 548. None of the funds appropriated or otherwise made available pursuant
 to this Act shall be obligated to finance indirectly any assistance or
 reparations to Angola, Cambodia, Cuba, Iraq, Libya, the Socialist Republic
 of Vietnam, South Yemen, Iran, or Syria unless the President of the United
 States certifies that the withholding of these funds is contrary to the
 national interest of the United States.
ASSISTANCE FOR LIBERIA
 SEC. 549. (a) During fiscal year 1990, in determining whether to furnish
 economic support fund assistance and foreign military financing under the
 Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 to Liberia, the President shall take into
 account whether the Government of Liberia--
 (1) has demonstrated its commitment to economic reform, including taking
 steps to fundamentally change the current financial practice of making
 extra-budgetary expenditures, including steps to channel the revenues from
 such major sources as the Liberia Petroleum Refinery Corporation and the
 Forestry Development Authority through the normal budgetary process; and
 (2) has taken significant steps to increase respect for internationally
 recognized human rights including--
 (A) the removal of all restrictions on the right of political parties to
 operate freely;
 (B) the lifting of restrictions on freedom of the press; and
 (C) the restoration of an independent judiciary.
RECIPROCAL LEASING
 SEC. 550. Section 61(a) of the Arms Export Control Act is amended by striking
 out `1989' and inserting in lieu thereof `1990'.
DEFENSE EQUIPMENT DRAWDOWN
 SEC. 551. (a) Defense articles, services and training drawn down under
 the authority of section 506(a) of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961,
 shall not be furnished to a recipient unless such articles are delivered
 to, and such services and training initiated for, the recipient country
 or international organization not more than one hundred and twenty days
 from the date on which Congress received notification of the intention to
 exercise the authority of that section: Provided, That if defense articles
 have not been delivered or services and training initiated by the period
 specified in this section, a new notification pursuant to section 506(b)
 of such Act shall be provided, which shall include an explanation for the
 delay in furnishing such articles, services, and training, before such
 articles, services, or training may be furnished.
 (b) Section 506(a) of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 is amended by--
 (1) inserting `(1)' after `(a)';
 (2) striking `(1)' and `(2)' and inserting in lieu thereof `(A)' and `(B)',
 respectively; and
 (3) inserting the following new paragraph:
 `(2)(A) If the President determines and reports to the Congress in accordance
 with section 652 of this Act that it is in the national interest of
 the United States to draw down defense articles from the stocks of the
 Department of Defense, defense services of the Department of Defense,
 and military education and training, he may direct--
 `(i) the drawdown of such articles, services, and the provision of such
 training for the purposes and under the authorities of chapters 8 and 9 of
 part I, as the case may be; and
 `(ii) the drawdown of defense services for the purposes and under the
 authorities of the Migration and Refugee Assistance Act of 1962.
 `(B) An aggregate value of not to exceed $75,000,000 in any fiscal year
 of defense articles, defense services, and military education and training
 may be provided pursuant to subparagraph (A) of this paragraph.'.
 (c) Drawdowns made pursuant to section 506(a)(2) of the Foreign Assistance
 Act of 1961 shall be subject to the regular notification procedures of the
 Committees on Appropriations.
NOTIFICATION ON EXCESS DEFENSE EQUIPMENT
 SEC. 552. Prior to providing excess Department of Defense articles in
 accordance with section 516(a) of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961, the
 Department of Defense shall notify the Committees on Appropriations to the
 same extent and under the same conditions as are other committees pursuant
 to subsection (c) of that section: Provided, That such Committees shall
 also be informed of the original acquisition cost of such defense articles.
AUTHORIZATION REQUIREMENT
 SEC. 553. Funds appropriated by this Act may be obligated and expended
 notwithstanding section 10 of Public Law 91-672 and section 15 of the
 State Department Basic Authorities Act of 1956: Provided, That of the
 funds appropriated by this Act for the `Economic Support Fund' and `Foreign
 Military Financing Program' accounts, not more than 33 1/3  percent of the
 amounts made available by this Act for each such account excluding amounts
 made available for Israel, Egypt, Poland, and Hungary, may be obligated and
 expended prior to March 1, 1990, unless an Act authorizing appropriations
 for such account has been enacted.
NOTIFICATION CONCERNING EL SALVADOR
 SEC. 554. (a) The Congress expects that--
 (1) the Government of El Salvador and the armed opposition forces and
 their political representatives will be willing to pursue a dialog for the
 purposes of achieving an equitable political settlement of the conflict,
 including free and fair elections;
 (2) the elected civilian government will be in control of the Salvadoran
 military and security forces, and those forces will comply with applicable
 rules of international law and with Presidential directives pertaining to
 the protection of civilians during combat operations, including Presidential
 directive C-111-03-984 (relating to aerial fire support);
 (3) the Government of El Salvador will make demonstrated progress, during
 the period covered by each report pursuant to subsection (b), in ending
 the activities of the death squads;
 (4) the Government of El Salvador will make demonstrated progress, during
 the period covered by each report pursuant to subsection (b), in establishing
 an effective judicial system; and
 (5) the Government of El Salvador will make demonstrated progress, during
 the period covered by each report pursuant to subsection (b), in implementing
 the land reform program.
 (b) REPORTS- On April 1, 1990, and September 30, 1990, the President shall
 report to the Speaker of the House of Representatives, the Committees on
 Appropriations and the chairman of the Committee on Foreign Relations of
 the Senate on the extent to which the objectives described in subsection
 (a) are being met. With respect to the objective described in paragraph
 (4) of that subsection, each report shall specify the status of all cases
 presented to the Salvadoran courts involving human rights violations against
 civilians by members of the Salvadoran security forces, including military
 officers and other military personnel and civil patrolmen.
NOTIFICATION TO CONGRESS ON DEBT RELIEF AGREEMENTS
 SEC. 555. The Secretary of State shall transmit to the Appropriations
 Committees of the Congress and to such other Committees as appropriate,
 a copy of the text of any agreement with any foreign government which would
 result in any debt relief no less than thirty days prior to its entry into
 force, other than one entered into pursuant to this Act, together with a
 detailed justification of the interest of the United States in the proposed
 debt relief: Provided, That the term `debt relief' shall include any and
 all debt prepayment, debt rescheduling, and debt restructuring proposals
 and agreements.
MIDDLE EAST REGIONAL COOPERATION AND ISRAELI-ARAB SCHOLARSHIPS
 SEC. 556. (a) Middle East regional cooperative programs which have been
 carried out in accordance with section 202(c) of the International Security
 and Development Cooperation Act of 1985 shall continue to be funded at a
 level of not less than $7,000,000 from funds appropriated under the heading
 `Economic Support Fund'.
 (b) Of the funds made available under the heading `Economic Support Fund',
 $5,000,000 shall be available only for a grant to assist in capitalizing an
 endowment whose income will be used for scholarships to enable Israeli Arabs
 to attend institutions of higher education in the United States: Provided,
 That such endowment and scholarship program shall be administered by an
 organization located in the United States: Provided further, That a grant may
 be made to capitalize such endowment only if private sector contributions
 of at least $5,000,000 have been made by September 30, 1990, to assist in
 capitalizing the endowment: Provided further, That if the requirement for
 private sector contributions is not met, funds earmarked for the purpose of
 the endowment shall be reprogrammed within the Economic Support Fund account.
MEMBERSHIP DESIGNATION IN ASIAN DEVELOPMENT BANK
 SEC. 557. It is the sense of the Congress that the United States
 Government should use its influence in the Asian Development Bank to
 secure reconsideration of that institution's decision to designate Taiwan
 (the Republic of China) as `Taipei, China'. It is further the sense of the
 Congress, that the Asian Development Bank should resolve this dispute in
 a fashion that is acceptable to Taiwan (the Republic of China).
DEPLETED URANIUM
 SEC. 558. None of the funds provided in this or any other Act may be made
 available to facilitate in any way the sale of M-833 antitank shells or
 any comparable antitank shells containing a depleted uranium penetrating
 component to any country other than (1) countries which are members of
 NATO, (2) countries which have been designated as a major non-NATO ally
 for purposes of section 1105 of the National Defense Authorization Act for
 Fiscal Year 1987 or, (3) Pakistan.
EARMARKS
 SEC. 559. Funds appropriated by this Act which are earmarked may be
 reprogrammed for other programs within the same account notwithstanding the
 earmark if compliance with the earmark is made impossible by operation of
 any provision of this or any other Act or, with respect to a country with
 which the United States has an agreement providing the United States with
 base rights or base access in that country, if the President determines that
 the recipient for which funds are earmarked has significantly reduced its
 military or economic cooperation with the United States since enactment of the
 Foreign Operations, Export Financing, and Related Programs Appropriations Act,
 1989; however, before exercising the authority of this section with regard
 to a base rights or base access country which has significantly reduced
 its military or economic cooperation with the United States, the President
 shall consult with, and shall provide a written policy justification to
 the Committees on Appropriations: Provided, That any such reprogramming
 shall be subject to the regular notification procedures of the Committees
 on Appropriations: Provided further, That assistance that is reprogrammed
 pursuant to this section shall be made available under the same terms and
 conditions as originally provided.
HAITI
 SEC. 560. (a) SUSPENSION OF ASSISTANCE- During fiscal year 1990, none of
 the funds made available by this Act or by any other Act or joint resolution
 may be obligated or expended to provide United States assistance (including
 any such assistance appropriated and previously obligated) for Haiti (other
 than the assistance described in subsection (b) of this section) unless
 the Government of Haiti has embarked upon a credible transition to democracy--
 (1) by restoring the 1987 Constitution;
 (2) by appointing a genuinely independent electoral commission to conduct
 free, fair, and open elections as soon as possible at all levels, and by
 giving that commission adequate support; and
 (3) by taking adequate steps to provide electoral security.
 (b) EXCEPTIONS- The term `United States assistance' does not include--
 (1) assistance, provided through private and voluntary organizations or
 other nongovernmental agencies, to meet humanitarian and developmental
 needs or to promote respect for human rights and the transition to democracy;
 (2) disaster relief assistance (including any assistance under chapter 9
 of part I of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961);
 (3) assistance for refugees;
 (4) assistance under the Inter-American Foundation Act; the Peace Corps Act;
 and under title IV, chapter 2 of part I, of the Foreign Assistance Act of
 1961 (relating to the Overseas Private Investment Corporation);
 (5) assistance necessary for the continued financing of education for
 Haitians in the United States;
 (6) assistance provided in order to enable the continuation of migrant and
 narcotics interdiction operations;
 (7) assistance to a genuinely independent electoral commission that
 is responsible for the holding of elections consistent with the 1987
 Constitution;
 (8) assistance for the prevention of HIV infection and the control of
 Haiti's AIDS epidemic and for family planning assistance; or
 (9) assistance necessary for the control and eradication of swine flu.
 (c) NOTIFICATIONS- None of the funds appropriated in this Act shall be
 obligated or expended for Haiti except as provided through the regular
 notification procedures of the Committees on Appropriations.
 (d) DETERMINATION- Funds may be obligated and expended notwithstanding
 subsection (a) if the President determines that it is in the national
 interest of the United States to do so.
ASSISTANCE FOR PANAMA
 SEC. 561. (a) Unless the President certifies to Congress that--
 (1) the Government of Panama has demonstrated substantial progress in assuring
 civilian control of the armed forces and that the Panama Defense Forces and
 its leaders have been removed from nonmilitary activities and institutions;
 (2) an impartial investigation into allegations of illegal actions by
 members of the Panama Defense Force is being conducted;
 (3) a satisfactory agreement has been reached between the governing
 authorities and representatives of the opposition forces on conditions for
 free and fair elections; and
 (4) freedom of the press and other constitutional guarantees, including
 due process of law, are being restored to the Panamanian people;
then no United States assistance (including any such assistance appropriated
and previously obligated) shall be obligated or expended for programs,
projects, or activities which assist or lend support for the Noriega regime,
or ministries of government under the control of the Noriega regime, or any
successor regime that does not meet the criteria specified in subsection (a)
of this section in this fiscal year and any fiscal year thereafter, and none
of the funds appropriated or otherwise made available in this Act, or any
other Act, shall be used to finance any participation of the United States
in joint military exercises conducted in Panama during the fiscal year 1990.
 (b) It is the sense of the Congress that if the conditions described
 in paragraphs (1) through (4) of subsection (a) have been certified as
 having been met, then not only will United States assistance be restored,
 but increased levels of such assistance should be considered for Panama.
 (c) For purposes of this section, the term `United States assistance'
 means assistance of any kind which is provided by grant, sale, loan, lease,
 credit, guaranty, or insurance, or by any other means, by any agency or
 instrumentality of the United States Government, including--
 (1) assistance under the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 (including programs
 under title IV of chapter 2 of part I of such Act);
 (2) sales, credits, and guarantees under the Arms Export Control Act;
 (3) sales under title I or III and donations under title II of the
 Agricultural Trade Development and Assistance Act of 1954 of nonfood
 commodities;
 (4) other financing programs of the Commodity Credit Corporation for export
 sales of nonfood commodities;
 (5) financing under the Export-Import Bank Act of 1945; and
 (6) assistance provided by the Central Intelligence Agency or assistance
 provided by any other entity or component of the United States Government
 if such assistance is carried out in connection with, or for purposes of
 conducting, intelligence or intelligence-related activities except that
 this shall not include activities undertaken solely to collect necessary
 intelligence;
except that the term `United States assistance' does not include (A) assistance
under chapter 1 of part I of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 insofar as such
assistance is provided through private and voluntary organizations or other
nongovernmental agencies, (B) assistance which involves the donations of food
or medicine, (C) disaster relief assistance (including any assistance under
chapter 9 of part I of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961), (D) assistance
for refugees, (E) assistance under the Inter-American Foundation Act, (F)
assistance necessary for the purpose of continuing participant training
programs (including scholarships) already being supported as of the date
of any prohibition of assistance otherwise applicable to Panama, or (G)
assistance made available for termination costs arising from the requirements
of this section.
 (d) The Secretary of the Treasury shall instruct the United States Executive
 Directors to the International Financial Institutions (the International Bank
 for Reconstruction and Development, the International Finance Corporation,
 and the Inter-American Development Bank) to vote against any loan to Panama,
 unless the President has certified in advance that the conditions set forth
 in subsection (a) of this section have been met.
ELIMINATION OF THE SUGAR QUOTA ALLOCATION OF PANAMA
 SEC. 562. (a) IN GENERAL- Notwithstanding any other provision of law, no
 sugars, sirups, or molasses that are products of Panama may be imported
 into the United States after the date of enactment of this Act during any
 period for which a limitation is imposed by authorities provided under
 any other law on the total quantity of sugars, sirups, and molasses that
 may be imported into the United States: Provided, That such products may
 be imported after the beginning of the last week of any quota year if the
 President certifies that for the entire duration of the quota year, freedom
 of the press and other constitutional guarantees, including due process of
 law, have been restored to the Panamanian people.
 (b) REALLOCATION OF QUOTA AMOUNTS- For any quota year for which the President
 does not certify for the entire duration of the quota year, freedom of the
 press and all other constitutional guarantees, including due process of law,
 have been restored to the Panamanian people, no later than the last week
 of such quota year, the United States Trade Representative shall reallocate
 among other foreign countries (but, primarily, among beneficiary countries of
 the Caribbean Basin Initiative and Bolivia) the quantity of sugar, sirup,
 and molasses products of Panama that could have been imported into the
 United States before the date of enactment of this Act under any limitation
 imposed by other law on the total quantity of sugars, sirups, and molasses
 that may be imported into the United States during any period: Provided,
 That no one country may receive more than 20 per centum of such reallocation.
 (c) CERTIFICATION- The provisions of subsections (a) and (b), and the
 amendments made by subsection (c) of section 571 of the Foreign Operations,
 Export Financing, and Related Programs, Appropriations Act, 1988, shall cease
 to apply if the President certifies to Congress pursuant to section 561(a)
 of this Act.
OPPOSITION TO ASSISTANCE TO TERRORIST COUNTRIES BY INTERNATIONAL FINANCIAL
INSTITUTIONS
 SEC. 563. (a) INSTRUCTIONS FOR UNITED STATES EXECUTIVE DIRECTORS- The
 Secretary of the Treasury shall instruct the United States Executive
 Director of each international financial institution to vote against any
 loan or other use of the funds of the respective institution to or for a
 country for which the Secretary of State has made a determination under
 section 6(j) of the Export Administration Act of 1979.
 (b) DEFINITION- For purposes of this section, the term `international
 financial institution' includes--
 (1) the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development, the
 International Development Association, and the International Monetary
 Fund; and
 (2) wherever applicable, the Inter-American Development Bank, the Asian
 Development Bank, the African Development Bank, and the African Development
 Fund.
PROHIBITION ON BILATERAL ASSISTANCE TO TERRORIST COUNTRIES
 SEC. 564. (a) Notwithstanding any other provision of law, funds appropriated
 for bilateral assistance under any heading of this Act and funds appropriated
 under any such heading in a provision of law enacted prior to fiscal
 year 1990, shall not be made available to any country which the President
 determines--
 (1) grants sanctuary from prosecution to any individual or group which has
 committed an act of international terrorism, or
 (2) otherwise supports international terrorism.
 (b) The President may waive the application of subsection (a) to a
 country if the President determines that national security or humanitarian
 reasons justify such waiver. The President shall publish each waiver in the
 Federal Register and, at least fifteen days before the waiver takes effect,
 shall notify the Committees on Appropriations of the waiver (including the
 justification for the waiver) in accordance with the regular notification
 procedures of the Committees on Appropriations.
DETENTION OF CHILDREN
 SEC. 565. It is the sense of the Congress that the practice of detaining
 children without charge or trial is unjust, inhumane, and is an affront
 to civilized principles. The Congress further believes that it should
 be the policy of the United States to make the ending of the practice
 of detaining children without charge or trial a matter of the highest
 priority. Therefore, the Congress believes the Secretary of State should
 convey to all international organizations that ending the practice of
 detaining children without charge or trial should be a policy of the highest
 priority for those organizations.
MILITARY ASSISTANCE TO MOZAMBIQUE
 SEC. 566. Notwithstanding any other provision of law, none of the funds
 appropriated or otherwise made available pursuant to this Act may be used
 to provide military assistance to Mozambique.
HONDURAS--RAMIREZ CASE
 SEC. 567. It is the sense of the Congress that, pursuant to the procedures
 contained in section (j) under the heading `Assistance for Central America'
 enacted in Public Law 100-71, the Honduran Government appears to have made
 a reasonable and good faith settlement offer based on a factual analysis
 by third parties, and the owner of the property in question is strongly
 encouraged to accept the proposed settlement. Therefore, notwithstanding
 the provisions of such section, $5,000,000 of the Economic Support Fund
 assistance made available by Public Law 100-71 for Honduras but withheld
 from expenditure shall be available for expenditure upon enactment of this
 Act: Provided, That if a settlement is reached on the property in question,
 then the additional $10,000,000 withheld from expenditure pursuant to such
 section shall then be available for expenditure.
south africa--scholarships
 SEC. 568. Of the funds made available by this Act under the heading
 `Economic Support Fund', not less than $10,000,000 shall be made available
 for scholarships for disadvantaged South Africans.
narcotics control program
 SEC. 569. (a)(1) Of the funds appropriated by this Act under the heading
 `Economic Support Fund' $69,000,000 may be made available for Bolivia,
 Ecuador, Jamaica, and Peru.
 (2) Of the funds appropriated by this Act under the heading `Foreign Military
 Financing Program', $35,000,000 may be made available for Bolivia, Ecuador,
 Jamaica, and Colombia.
 (3) Of the funds appropriated by this Act under the heading `Foreign Military
 Financing Program', $3,500,000 shall be made available in accordance
 with the general authorities contained in section 481(a) of the Foreign
 Assistance Act of 1961, only for the procurement of weapons or ammunition
 for foreign law enforcement agencies, and paramilitary units organized
 for the specific purposes of narcotics enforcement, for use in narcotics
 control, eradication, and interdiction efforts: Provided, That funds made
 available under this paragraph shall be made available only for Bolivia,
 Peru, Colombia, Ecuador, and shall be in addition to any amounts provided
 for the countries contained in paragraph (2) of this subsection.
 (4) Of the funds appropriated by this Act to carry out the provisions of
 section 481 of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961, not less than $500,000
 shall be made available to finance the testing and use of safe and effective
 herbicides for use in the aerial eradication of coca.
 (5) Of the funds appropriated by this Act under the heading `Foreign
 Military Financing Program', $1,000,000 shall be made available to arm,
 for defensive purposes, aircraft used in narcotics control, eradication
 or interdiction efforts: Provided, That such funds may only be used to arm
 aircraft already in the inventory of the recipient country, and may not be
 used for the purchase of new aircraft.
 (6)(A) Of the funds appropriated by this Act to carry out the provisions
 of section 541 of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961, up to $2,000,000,
 except through the regular notification procedures of the Committees on
 Appropriations, may be made available for Bolivia, Peru, Colombia, and
 Ecuador, notwithstanding section 660 of such Act, for--
 (i) education and training in the operation and maintenance of equipment
 used in narcotics control interdiction and eradication efforts; and
 (ii) the expenses of deploying, upon the request of the government of
 such foreign country, Department of Defense mobile training teams in that
 foreign country to conduct training in military-related individual and
 collective skills that will enhance that country's ability to conduct
 tactical operations in narcotics interdiction.
 (B) Education and training under this paragraph may be provided only for
 foreign law enforcement agencies, or other units, that are organized for
 the specific purpose of narcotics enforcement.
 (7) Funds made available under this subsection shall be available for
 obligation consistent with the provisions of section 481(h) of the Foreign
 Assistance Act of 1961 (relating to International Narcotics Control) except
 as provided in paragraph (3) of this subsection.
 (b) None of the funds appropriated or otherwise made available under this
 Act may be available for any country during any three-month period beginning
 on or after October 1, 1989, immediately following a certification by the
 President to the Congress that the government of such country is failing
 to take adequate measures (including satisfying the goals agreed to in
 applicable bilateral narcotics agreements as defined in section 481(h)(2)(B)
 of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961) to prevent narcotic drugs or other
 controlled substances (as listed in the schedules in section 202 of the
 Comprehensive Drug Abuse and Prevention Control Act of 1971 (21 U.S.C. 812))
 which are cultivated, produced, or processed illicitly, in whole or in part,
 in such country, or transported through such country from being sold illegally
 within the jurisdiction of such country to United States Government personnel
 or their dependents or from entering the United States unlawfully.
 (c) In making determinations with respect to Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador,
 and Peru pursuant to section 481(h)(2)(A)(i) of the Foreign Assistance
 Act of 1961, the President shall take into account the extent to which
 the Government of each country is sufficiently responsive to United States
 Government concerns on coca control and whether the provision of assistance
 for that country is in the national interest of the United States.
 (d)(1) If any funds made available for any fiscal year for security assistance
 are not used for assistance for the country for which those funds were
 allocated because of any provision of law requiring the withholding of
 assistance for countries that have not taken adequate steps to halt illicit
 drug production of trafficking, the President shall use those funds for
 additional assistance for those countries which have met their illicit
 drug eradication targets or have otherwise taken significant steps to halt
 illicit drug production or trafficking, as follows:
 (A) Those funds may be transferred to and consolidated with the funds
 made available to carry out section 481 of the Foreign Assistance Act of
 1961 in order to provide additional narcotics control assistance for those
 countries. Funds transferred under this paragraph may only be used to provide
 increased funds for activities previously justified to the Congress. Transfers
 may be made under this paragraph without regard to the 20-percent increase
 limitation contained in section 610 of the Foreign Assistance Act.
 (B) Any such funds not used under subparagraph (A) shall be reprogrammed
 within the account for which they were appropriated (subject to the regular
 reprogramming procedures of the Committees on Appropriations) in order to
 provide additional security assistance for those countries.
 (2) As used in this section, the term `security assistance' means economic
 support fund assistance, foreign military financing, and international
 military education and training.
 (e) Of the funds appropriated under title II of this Act for the Agency
 for International Development, up to $10,000,000 should be made available
 for narcotics education and awareness programs (including public diplomacy
 programs) of the Agency for International Development, and $40,000,000 of
 the funds appropriated under title II of this Act should be made available
 for narcotics related economic assistance activities.
 (f) In order to maximize the participation of other countries in the effort to
 promote international narcotics control, the Secretary of State is directed
 to urge the United Nations Fund for Drug Abuse Control to develop a more
 comprehensive program for enlisting greater multilateral support for coca
 control programs and related development activities in South America.
TURKISH AND GREEK MILITARY FORCES ON CYPRUS
 SEC. 570. Any agreement for the sale or provision of any article on the
 United States Munitions List (established pursuant to section 38 of the Arms
 Export Control Act) entered into by the United States after the enactment of
 this section shall expressly state that the article is being provided by the
 United States only with the understanding that it will not be transferred to
 Cyprus or otherwise used to further the severance or division of Cyprus. The
 President shall report to Congress any substantial evidence that equipment
 provided under any such agreement has been used in a manner inconsistent
 with the purposes of this section.
COMMERCIAL LEASING OF DEFENSE ARTICLES
 SEC. 571. Notwithstanding any other provision of law, and subject to the
 regular notification requirements of the Committees on Appropriations,
 the authority of section 23(a) of the Arms Export Control Act may be
 used to provide financing to Israel and Egypt and NATO and major non-NATO
 allies for the procurement by leasing (including leasing with an option
 to purchase) of defense articles from United States commercial suppliers,
 not including Major Defense Equipment (other than helicopters and other
 types of aircraft having possible civilian application), if the President
 determines that there are compelling foreign policy or national security
 reasons for those defense articles being provided by commercial lease rather
 than by government-to-government sale under such Act.
cambodian noncommunist resistance forces
 SEC. 572. If the President makes available funds appropriated by this Act
 for the Cambodian non-Communist resistance forces, not to exceed $7,000,000
 may be made available for such purpose, and such funds shall be derived from
 funds appropriated under the headings `Foreign Military Financing Program'
 and `Economic Support Fund', and shall be made available notwithstanding
 any other provision of law: Provided, That funds made available for this
 purpose shall be obligated in accordance with the provisions of section
 906 of the International Security and Development Cooperation Act of 1985
 (Public Law 99-83): Provided further, That, to the maximum extent possible,
 all funds made available under the authority of this section shall be
 administered directly by the United States Government.
MODERNIZATION OF MILITARY CAPABILITIES OF CERTAIN COUNTRIES
 SEC. 573. (a) Authority To Transfer Excess Defense Articles-
 (1) NATO SOUTHERN FLANK COUNTRIES- The President may transfer--
 (A) to any NATO southern flank country which is eligible for United States
 security assistance and which is integrated into NATO's military structure;
 and
 (B) to any major non-NATO ally on the southern and southeastern flank of NATO
 which is eligible for United States security assistance, such excess defense
 articles as may be necessary to help modernize the defense capabilities of
 such country.
 (2) MAJOR ILLICIT DRUG PRODUCING COUNTRIES- Subject to subsection (f),
 the President may transfer to any country--
 (A) which is a major illicit drug producing country,
 (B) which has a democratic government, and
 (C) whose armed forces do not engage in a consistent pattern of gross
 violations of internationally recognized human rights, such excess defense
 articles as may be necessary to carry out subsection (f)(1).
 (3) TERMS OF TRANSFERS- Excess defense articles may be transferred under
 this section without cost to the recipient country.
 (b) LIMITATIONS ON TRANSFERS- The President may transfer excess defense
 articles under this section only if--
 (1) they are drawn from existing stocks of the Department of Defense;
 (2) funds available to the Department of Defense for the procurement of
 defense equipment are not expended in connection with the transfer; and
 (3) the President determines that the transfer of the excess defense
 articles will not have an adverse impact on the military readiness of the
 United States.
 (c) Notification to Congress-
 (1) ADVANCE NOTICE- The President may not transfer excess defense articles
 under this section until thirty days after the President has provided
 notice of the proposed transfer to the committees specified in paragraph
 (2). This notification shall include--
 (A) a certification of the need for the transfer;
 (B) an assessment of the impact of the transfer on the military readiness
 of the United States; and
 (C) the value of the excess defense articles to be transferred.
 (2) COMMITTEES TO BE NOTIFIED- Notice shall be provided pursuant to paragraph
 (1) to the Committee on Foreign Affairs, and the Committee on Appropriations
 of the House of Representatives and the Committee on Armed Services, the
 Committee on Foreign Relations, and the Committee on Appropriations of
 the Senate.
 (d) WAIVER OF REQUIREMENT FOR REIMBURSEMENT OF DOD EXPENSES- Section 632(d) of
 the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 does not apply with respect to transfers
 of excess defense articles under this section.
 (e) Maintenance of Military Balance in Eastern Mediterranean-
 (1) UNITED STATES POLICY- The Congress intends that excess defense articles be
 made available under this section consistent with the United States policy,
 established by section 841 of the International Cooperation Act of 1989,
 of maintaining the military balance in the Eastern Mediterranean.
 (2) MAINTENANCE OF BALANCE- Accordingly, the President shall ensure that,
 over the three-year period beginning on October 1, 1989, the ratio of--
 (A) the value of excess defense articles made available for Turkey under
 this section, to
 (B) the value of excess defense articles made available for Greece under
 this section, closely approximates the ratio of--
 (i) the amount of foreign military financing provided for Turkey, to
 (ii) the amount of foreign military financing provided for Greece.
 (3) EXCEPTION TO REQUIREMENT- This subsection shall not apply if either
 Greece or Turkey ceases to be eligible to receive excess defense articles
 under subsection (a).
 (f) Major Illicit Drug Producing Countries in Latin America and the Caribbean-
 (1) PURPOSE- Excess defense articles shall be transferred under subsection
 (a)(2) for the purpose of encouraging the military forces of an eligible
 country in Latin America and the Caribbean to participate with local law
 enforcement agencies in a comprehensive national antinarcotics program,
 conceived and developed by the government of that country, by conducting
 activities within that country and on the high seas to prevent the production,
 processing, trafficking, transportation, and consumption of illicit narcotic
 or psychotrophic drugs or other controlled substances.
 (2) USES OF EXCESS DEFENSE ARTICLES- Excess defense articles may be furnished
 to a country under subsection (a)(2) only if that country ensures that
 those excess defense articles will be used only in support of antinarcotics
 activities.
 (3) ROLE OF THE SECRETARY OF STATE- The Secretary of State shall determine the
 eligibility of countries to receive excess defense articles under subsection
 (a)(2) and insure that any transfer is coordinated with other antinarcotics
 enforcement programs assisted by the United States Government.
 (4) LIMITATION- The aggregate value of excess defense articles transferred
 to a country under subsection (a)(2) in any fiscal year may not exceed
 $10,000,000.
 (g) DEFINITIONS- As used in this section--
 (1) the term `excess defense article' has the meaning given that term by
 section 644(g);
 (2) the term `made available' means that a good faith offer is made by the
 United States to furnish the excess defense articles to a country;
 (3) the term `major non-NATO ally' includes Australia, Egypt, Israel, Japan,
 and New Zealand;
 (4) the term `NATO' means the North Atlantic Treaty Organization; and
 (5) the term `NATO southern flank countries' means Greece, Italy, Portugal,
 Spain, and Turkey.
COMPETITIVE INSURANCE
 SEC. 574. All Agency for International Development contracts and
 solicitations, and subcontracts entered into under such contracts, shall
 include a clause requiring that United States marine insurance companies
 have a fair opportunity to bid for marine insurance when such insurance is
 necessary or appropriate.
PAY RAISES
 SEC. 575. Such sums as may be necessary for fiscal year 1990 pay raises for
 programs funded by this Act shall be absorbed within the levels appropriated
 in this Act.
IRELAND
 SEC. 576. It is the sense of the Congress that of the funds appropriated
 or otherwise made available for the International Fund for Ireland, the
 Board of the International Fund for Ireland should give great weight in the
 allocation of such funds to projects which will create permanent, full time
 jobs in the areas that have suffered most severely from the consequences
 of the instability of recent years. Areas that have suffered most severely
 from the consequences of the instability of recent years shall be defined
 as areas that have high rates of unemployment.
ASSISTANCE TO AFGHANISTAN
 SEC. 577. Funds appropriated by this Act may not be made available, directly
 or for the United States proportionate share of programs funded under the
 heading `International Organizations and Programs', for assistance to be
 provided inside Afghanistan if that assistance would be provided through
 the Soviet-controlled government of Afghanistan. This section shall not
 be construed as limiting the United States contributions to international
 organizations for humanitarian assistance.
EL SALVADOR ECONOMIC SUPPORT FUNDS
 SEC. 578. Not less than 25 per centum of the Economic Support Funds
 made available for El Salvador by this Act shall be used for projects and
 activities in accordance with the provisions applicable to assistance under
 chapter 1 of part I of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961.
disadvantaged enterprises
 SEC. 579. (a) Except to the extent that the Administrator of the Agency for
 International Development of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 determines
 otherwise, not less than 10 percent of the aggregate amount made available
 for the fiscal year 1990 for development assistance and assistance for
 famine recovery and development in Africa shall be made available only for
 activities of United States organizations and individuals that are--
 (1) business concerns owned and controlled by socially and economically
 disadvantaged individuals,
 (2) historically black colleges and universities,
 (3) colleges and universities having a student body in which more than 40
 percent of the students are Hispanic American, and
 (4) private voluntary organizations which are controlled by individuals
 who are socially and economically disadvantaged.
 (b)(1) In addition to other actions taken to carry out this section,
 the actions described in paragraphs (2) through (5) shall be taken with
 respect to development assistance and assistance for famine recovery and
 development in Africa for fiscal year 1990.
 (2) Notwithstanding any other provision of law, in order to achieve the
 goals of this section, the Administrator--
 (A) to the maximum extent practicable, shall utilize the authority of
 section 8(a) of the Small Business Act (15 U.S.C. 637(a));
 (B) to the maximum extent practicable, shall enter into contracts with
 small business concerns owned and controlled by socially and economically
 disadvantaged individuals--
 (i) using less than full and open competitive procedures under such terms
 and conditions as the Administrator deems appropriate, and
 (ii) using an administrative system for justifications and approvals that,
 in the Administrator's discretion, may best achieve the purpose of this
 section; and
 (C) shall issue regulations to require that any contract in excess of $500,000
 contain a provision requiring that no less than 10 percent of the dollar
 value of the contract be subcontracted to entities described in subsection
 (a), except--
 (i) to the extent the Administrator determines otherwise on a case-by-case
 or category-of-contract basis; and
 (ii) this subparagraph does not apply to any prime contractor that is an
 entity described in subsection (a).
 (3) Each person with contracting authority who is attached to the agency's
 headquarters in Washington, as well as all agency missions and regional
 offices, shall notify the agency's Office of Small and Disadvantaged Business
 Utilization at least 7 business days before advertising a contract in excess
 of $100,000, except to the extent that the Administrator determines otherwise
 on a case-by-case or category-of-contract basis.
 (4) The Administrator shall include, as part of the performance evaluation
 of any mission director of the agency, the mission director's efforts to
 carry out this section.
 (5) The Administrator shall submit to the Congress annual reports on the
 implementation of this section. Each such report shall specify the number and
 dollar value or amount (as the case may be) of prime contracts, subcontracts,
 grants, and cooperative agreements awarded to entities described in subsection
 (a) during the preceding fiscal year.
 (6) The Administrator shall issue interim regulations to carry out this
 section within ninety days after the date of the enactment of this Act and
 final regulations within one hundred and eighty days after that date.
 (c) As used in this section, the term `socially and economically disadvantaged
 individuals' has the same meaning that term is given for purposes of section
 133(c)(5) of the International Development and Food Assistance Act of 1977,
 except that the term includes women.
stingers in the persian gulf region
 SEC. 580. Except as provided in section 581, the United States may not
 sell or otherwise make available any Stingers to any country bordering the
 Persian Gulf under the Arms Export Control Act or chapter 2 of part II of
 the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961.
stingers for bahrain
 SEC. 581. (a) PREVIOUSLY TRANSFERRED STINGERS- Notwithstanding section 580,
 section 573(b)(4) of the Foreign Operations, Export Financing, and Related
 Programs Appropriations Act, 1988, and section 566(b)(4) of the Foreign
 Operations, Export Financing, and Related Programs Appropriations Act, 1989,
 shall cease to apply with respect to Stingers made available to Bahrain under
 those sections if the President determines, and notifies the Committees
 on Appropriations and the Committee on Foreign Affairs of the House of
 Representatives and the Committee on Foreign Relations of the Senate, that--
 (1) the Stingers are needed by Bahrain to counter an immediate air threat
 or to contribute to the protection of United States personnel, facilities,
 equipment, or operations;
 (2) no other appropriate system is available from the United States;
 (3) Bahrain has agreed, in writing, to such safeguards to protect against
 diversion of the Stingers as may be required by the United States; and
 (4) Bahrain has agreed in writing to return to the possession and control
 of the United States all Stingers made available under those sections and
 subsection (b) of this section, other than Stingers which have been fired
 or otherwise destroyed, at any time the United States determines, subject
 to subsection (c).
 (b) REPLACEMENT STINGERS- Notwithstanding section 580, Stingers may be
 made available to Bahrain under the Arms Export Control Act or the Foreign
 Assistance Act of 1961 after September 30, 1989, in order to replace, on a
 one-for-one basis, Stingers previously made available under this subsection,
 section 573 of the Foreign Operations, Export Financing, and Related Programs
 Appropriations Act, 1988, or section 566 of the Foreign Operations, Export
 Financing, and Related Programs Appropriations Act, 1989, that have been
 fired or otherwise destroyed, subject to the following conditions:
 (1) DETERMINATIONS- Replacement Stingers may be made available to Bahrain
 pursuant to this subsection only if the President makes the determinations
 specified in paragraphs (1) through (4) of subsection (a).
 (2) NOTICE TO CONGRESS BEFORE STINGERS ARE TRANSFERRED- At least 30 days
 before making any replacement Stingers available to Bahrain pursuant to this
 subsection, the President shall notify the committees designated in subsection
 (a) that he has made the determinations required by paragraph (1). Any
 such notification shall include the information required in a certification
 under section 36(b) of the Arms Export Control Act. This paragraph applies
 without regard to the value of the Stingers to be made available.
 (c) RETURN OF STINGERS TO THE UNITED STATES- All Stingers made available
 to Bahrain pursuant to subsections (a) and (b), other than those fired or
 otherwise destroyed, shall be returned to the possession and control of
 the United States not later than September 30, 1991, unless the President--
 (1) determines that each of the conditions specified in subsection (a)
 continues to apply; and
 (2) notifies the committees designated in subsection (a) not later than
 September 15, 1991, in accordance with the regular reprogramming procedures
 of such committees, that the United States intends to waive the requirement
 that the Stingers be returned to the United States by the date specified
 in the subsection.
PROHIBITION ON LEVERAGING AND DIVERSION OF UNITED STATES ASSISTANCE
 SEC. 582. (a) None of the funds appropriated by this Act may be provided to
 any foreign government (including any instrumentality or agency thereof),
 foreign person, or United States person in exchange for that foreign
 government or person undertaking any action which is, if carried out by the
 United States Government, a United States official or employee, expressly
 prohibited by a provision of United States law.
 (b) For the purposes of this section the term `funds appropriated by this Act'
 includes only (1) assistance of any kind under the Foreign Assistance Act
 of 1961; and (2) credits, and guaranties under the Arms Export Control Act.
 (c) Nothing in this section shall be construed to limit--
 (1) the ability of the President, the Vice President, or any official or
 employee of the United States to make statements or otherwise express their
 views to any party on any subject;
 (2) the ability of an official or employee of the United States to express
 the policies of the President; or
 (3) the ability of an official or employee of the United States to communicate
 with any foreign country government, group or individual, either directly
 or through a third party, with respect to the prohibitions of this section
 including the reasons for such prohibitions, and the actions, terms, or
 conditions which might lead to the removal of the prohibitions of this
 section.
APPROPRIATIONS OF EXCESS CURRENCIES
 SEC. 583. The provisions of section 1306 of title 31, United States Code,
 shall not be waived to carry out the provisions of the Foreign Assistance
 Act of 1961 by any provision of law enacted after the date of enactment of
 this Act unless such provision makes specific reference to this section.
DEBT-FOR-DEVELOPMENT
 SEC. 584. In order to enhance the continued participation of nongovernmental
 organizations in economic assistance activities under the Foreign Assistance
 Act of 1961, including debt-for-development and debt-for-nature exchanges,
 a nongovernmental organization may invest local currencies which accrue
 to that organization as a result of economic assistance provided under the
 heading `Agency for International Development' and any interest earned on
 such investment may be used, including for the establishment of an endowment,
 for the purpose for which the assistance was provided to that organization.
LEBANON
 SEC. 585. Of the funds appropriated by this Act to carry out chapter 1
 of part I and chapter 4 of part II of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961
 not less than $7,500,000 shall be made available for Lebanon: Provided,
 That such funds may be provided in accordance with the general authorities
 contained in section 491 of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961.
JOB-RELATED CRIMES
 SEC. 586. (a) Section 1106(8) of the Foreign Service Act of 1980 is amended
 by inserting at the end thereof the following sentence: `Notwithstanding
 the first sentence of this paragraph, the Board's authority to suspend such
 action shall not extend to instances where the Secretary, or his designee,
 has determined that there is reasonable cause to believe that a grievant
 has committed a job-related crime for which a sentence of imprisonment may
 be imposed and has taken action to suspend the grievant without pay pending
 a final resolution of the underlying matter.'.
 (b) Section 610(a) of the Foreign Service Act of 1980 is amended by inserting
 the following new paragraphs:
 `(3) Notwithstanding the hearing required by this section, or procedures
 under any other provision of law, where there is reasonable cause to believe
 that a member has committed a crime for which a sentence of imprisonment
 may be imposed, and there is a nexus to the efficiency of the Service,
 the Secretary, or his designee, may suspend such member without pay pending
 final resolution of the underlying matter, subject to reinstatement with back
 pay if cause for separation is not established in a hearing before the Board.
 `(4) Any member suspended pursuant to subsection (a)(3) of this section
 shall be entitled to--
 `(A) advance written notice of the specific reasons for such suspension,
 including the grounds for reasonable cause to believe a crime has been
 committed;
 `(B) a reasonable time, not less than seven days, to answer orally and
 in writing;
 `(C) be represented by an attorney or other representative; and
 `(D) a final written decision.
 `(5) Any member suspended pursuant to subsection (a)(3) of this section
 shall be entitled to grieve such action in accordance with procedures
 applicable to grievances under chapter 11. The Board review, however, shall
 be limited only to a determination of whether there exists reasonable cause
 to believe a crime has been committed for which a sentence of imprisonment
 may be imposed, and whether there is a nexus between the conduct and the
 efficiency of the Service.'.
 (c) For purposes of the amendments made by subsections (a) and (b) of this
 section, reasonable cause to believe that a member has committed a crime
 for which a sentence of imprisonment may be imposed shall be defined as a
 member of the Service having been convicted of, and sentence of imprisonment
 having been imposed for, a job-related crime.
LOCATION OF STOCKPILES
 SEC. 587. (a) Except for stockpiles located in the Republic of Korea,
 Thailand, a country which is a member of the North Atlantic Treaty
 Organization, or a country which is a major non-NATO ally, no stockpile
 may be located outside the boundaries of a United States military base or
 a military base used primarily by the United States.
 (b) Section 514 of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 (22 U.S.C. 2321h)
 is amended--
 (1) in subsection (b)(1), by striking out `greater than' and inserting in
 lieu thereof `that'; and
 (2) in subsection (b)(2), by striking out `$77,000,000 for fiscal year 1989'
 and inserting in lieu thereof `$165,000,000 for fiscal year 1990'.
hong kong
 SEC. 588. It is the sense of the Congress that the President and Secretary
 of State should convey to the People's Republic of China and the United
 Kingdom strong concerns over the absence of full direct elections in the
 colony and lack of independent human rights guarantees in the draft Basic
 Law, pending the colony's scheduled reversion to China in 1997.
RESCISSION
 SEC. 589. Of the funds appropriated by the Foreign Operations, Export
 Financing, and Related Programs Appropriations Act, 1989, under the heading
 `Economic Support Fund', $50,000,000 of such funds are hereby rescinded:
 Provided, That such rescission may be derived only from unearmarked funds
 and funds earmarked under such heading for Sub-Saharan Africa and allocated
 for Sudan, Somalia, and Liberia.
west bank schools
 SEC. 590. The United States Congress commends Israel's decision to open
 schools on the West Bank beginning July 22, 1989.
 The Congress expresses the hope that all schools will be opened at an
 early date and will remain open, will not be used for political purposes,
 and will be respected and regarded as places of learning, not as places
 from which to further violent activity.
ASSISTANCE FOR PAKISTAN
 SEC. 591. Section 620E(d) of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 is amended
 by striking out `April 1, 1990' and inserting in lieu thereof `April 1, 1991'.
SEPARATE ACCOUNTS
 SEC. 592. (a) SEPARATE ACCOUNTS FOR LOCAL CURRENCIES- (1) If assistance is
 furnished to the government of a foreign country under chapter 1 of part I
 (including assistance for Sub-Saharan Africa) or chapter 4 of part II of
 the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 under arrangements which result in the
 generation of local currencies of that country, the Administrator of the
 Agency for International Development shall--
 (A) require that local currencies be deposited in a separate account
 established by that government;
 (B) enter into an agreement with that government which sets forth--
 (i) the amount of the local currencies to be generated, and
 (ii) the terms and conditions under which the currencies so deposited may
 be utilized, consistent with this section; and
 (C) established by agreement with that government the responsibilities of
 the Agency for International Development and that government to monitor
 and account for deposits into and disbursements from the separate account.
 (2) USES OF LOCAL CURRENCIES- As may be agreed upon with the foreign
 government, local currencies deposited in a separate account pursuant
 to subsection (a), or an equivalent amount of local currencies, shall be
 used only--
 (A) to carry out chapter 1 of part I or chapter 4 of part II (as the case
 may be), or
 (B) for the administrative requirements of the United States Government.
 (3) PROGRAMMING ACCOUNTABILITY- The Agency for International Development
 shall take all appropriate steps to ensure that the equivalent of the local
 currencies disbursed pursuant to subsection (a)(2)(A) from the separate
 account established pursuant to subsection (a)(1) are used for the purposes
 agreed upon pursuant to subsection (a)(2).
 (4) TERMINATION OF ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS- Upon termination of assistance to
 a country under chapter 1 of part I or chapter 4 of part II (as the case
 may be), any unencumbered balances of funds which remain in a separate
 account established pursuant to subsection (a) shall be disposed of for
 such purposes as may be agreed to by the government of that country and
 the United States Government.
 (b) SEPARATE ACCOUNTS FOR CASH TRANSFERS- (1) If assistance is made available
 to the government of a foreign country, under chapter 1 of part I (including
 assistance for Sub-Saharan Africa) or chapter 4 of part II of the Foreign
 Assistance Act of 1961, as cash transfer assistance or as nonproject sector
 assistance, that country shall be required to maintain such funds in a
 separate account and not commingle them with any other funds.
 (2) APPLICABILITY OF OTHER PROVISIONS OF LAW- Such funds may be obligated
 and expended notwithstanding provisions of law which are inconsistent with
 the nature of this assistance including provisions which are referenced in
 the Joint Explanatory Statement of the Committee of Conference accompanying
 House Joint Resolution 648 (H. Report No. 98-1159).
 (3) NOTIFICATION- At least fifteen days prior to obligating any such cash
 transfer or nonproject sector assistance, the President shall submit a
 notification through the regular notification procedures of the Committees
 on Appropriations, which shall include a detailed description of how the
 funds proposed to be made available will be used, with a discussion of the
 United States interests that will be served by the assistance (including,
 as appropriate, a description of the economic policy reforms that will be
 promoted by such assistance).
 (4) EXEMPTION- Nonproject sector assistance funds may be exempt from the
 requirements of subsection (b)(1) only through the notification procedures
 of the Committees on Appropriations.
GLOBAL REDUCTION OF PROVERTY
 SEC. 593. (a) The Congress finds that the reduction of poverty on a global
 basis is a fundamental goal of United States foreign assistance. Therefore,
 to measure progress toward that goal, the Administrator of the Agency
 for International Development shall, in consultation with the Congress
 and other appropriate governmental agencies and nongovernmental agencies
 and nongovernmental organizations, establish a system of quantitative and
 qualitative indicators of poverty reduction, which shall be established on
 a country-by-country basis. These indicators shall include the percentage
 of persons living below the absolute poverty level, rates of infant and
 child mortality, rates of literacy for men and women, per capita income
 and purchasing power, rate of employment, and other factors measuring
 poverty reduction and economic growth as the Administrator of the Agency
 for International Development shall deem appropriate.
 (b) As part of its annual congressional presentation to Congress, the
 Agency for International Development shall identify those poverty reduction
 objectives that have been set for each country receiving development
 assistance, and the progress that has been achieved in past years and future
 steps to be taken to achieve them.
INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND
 SEC. 594. (a) The Secretary of the Treasury shall instruct the United States
 Executive Director to the International Monetary Fund (IMF) to regularly
 and vigorously promote the following policy and staffing changes through
 formal initiatives before the Board and management of the IMF and through
 bilateral discussions with other member nations:
 (1) The addition to the IMF's staff of natural resource experts,
 and development economists trained in analyzing the linkages between
 macro-economic conditions and the short- and long-term impacts on sustainable
 management of natural resources.
 (2) In a manner consistent with the purposes of the IMF, the establishment in
 the IMF of a systematic process to review in advance, and take into account
 in policy formation, projected impacts of each IMF lending agreement on
 the long-term sustainable management of natural resources, the environment,
 public health and poverty.
 (3) The creation of criteria to consider concessional and favorable lending
 terms to promote sustainable management of natural resources. Such capacity
 should seek the reduction of the debt burden of developing countries in
 recognition of domestic investments in conservation and environmental
 management.
 (b) The Secretary of the Treasury shall prepare an annual report to the
 Congress on the progress made by the United States Executive Director to
 the IMF in implementing the reforms encompassed in this section.
el salvador
 SEC. 595. With respect to the ongoing political unrest and armed conflict
 in El Salvador, the Congress hereby--
 (1) welcomes the negotiating process set in motion on September 13, 1989
 in Mexico City by the Government of El Salvador and the leadership of the
 Farabundo Marti National Liberation Front and the expressed willingness of
 both parties to continue this process;
 (2) urges the parties to these negotiations to achieve, as quickly as
 possible--
 (A) a cessation of hostilities; and
 (B) an overall political settlement of the ten-year old conflict; and
 (3) calls upon the Secretary of State to consult frequently with the
 Congress on the status of the Salvadoran negotiations and on the efforts
 being undertaken by the President to support these negotiations.
CENTRAL AMERICAN DEVELOPMENT COORDINATION COMMISSION
 SEC. 596. (a) FINDINGS- The Congress finds that multi-donor foreign assistance
 funds made available to the Central America region should be channeled through
 regional institutions which have strong participation in decision-making
 by Central Americans to ensure adequate coordination among donors.
 (b) ASSISTANCE FOR CADCC- Upon the request of the governments of Central
 America, the President shall provide appropriate support and assistance in
 the development of a coordination mechanism agreed to by the governments of
 Central America, which shall be designated as the Central American Development
 Coordination Commission (CADCC). In providing such support and assistance,
 the President shall, in concert with the governments of Central America,
 with other nations providing assistance, with the United Nations, and with
 other concerned international and regional organizations--
 (1) encourage and participate in the creation of a multi-donor, multi-sectoral
 coordinating mechanism known as the CADCC; and
 (2) provide not less than $500,000 or more than $1,000,000 of funds
 appropriated to carry out chapter 4 of part II of the Foreign Assistance Act
 of 1961 (relating to the Economic Support Fund) to be used to assist in the
 implementation of such Commission, and United States participation therein.
 (c) FACTORS IN ESTABLISHING CADCC- In establishing the CADCC, consideration
 should be given to:
 (1) involving representatives from both the public and private sectors,
 including representatives from the trade unions and business communities,
 and nongovernmental organizations at the regional level;
 (2) involving regional institutions and multilateral organizations such as
 the Inter-American Bank, the Central American Bank for Economic Integration
 (CABEI), the Central American Monetary Council (CMCA), the Economic Commission
 for Latin America (ECLAC), the International Bank for Reconstruction and
 Development, and the United Nations in project design, implementation,
 and coordination; and
 (3) establishing in each country a National Recovery and Development
 Commission, modeled after the National Reconciliation Commissions called
 for in the Esquipulas II Accords agreed to by the presidents of the five
 countries of Central America in Guatemala on August 6-7, 1987.
 (d) SECRETARIAT OF THE CADCC- The United Nations Development Programme
 shall be designated as the social service and refugee and displaced persons
 technical assistance secretariat for the CADCC.
 (e) ELIGIBILITY FOR ASSISTANCE- The President is authorized to furnish
 assistance under this section to each country in Central America which is
 in compliance with the Esquipulas II Accords.
 (f)(1) ENCOURAGEMENT OF MULTILATERAL CONTRIBUTIONS- The Congress urges
 the President to take the necessary steps to encourage and secure
 greater international cooperation in, and support for, implementing the
 recommendations of the International Commission for Central American Recovery
 and Development.
 (2) It is the sense of the Congress that, in carrying out paragraph (1),
 the President should exert leadership in multilateral and regional forums,
 and at economic summits to further a multidonor, multisector solution to
 the crisis in Central America.
eligibility of poland and hungary for overseas private investment corporation
 SEC. 597. (a) PROGRAMS- Section 239(f) of the Foreign Assistance Act of
 1961 is amended by inserting `Poland, Hungary,' after `Yugoslavia,'.
 (b) PARTICIPATION BY NONGOVERNMENTAL SECTOR- (1) In accordance with its
 mandate to foster private initiative and competition and enhance the ability
 of private enterprise to make its full contribution to the development
 process, the Overseas Private Investment Corporation shall support projects
 in Poland and Hungary which will result in enhancement of the nongovernmental
 sector and reduction of state involvement in the economy.
 (2) For purposes of this subsection, the term `nongovernmental sector'
 in Poland and Hungary includes private enterprises, cooperatives (insofar
 as they are not administered by the Governments of Poland or Hungary),
 joint ventures (including partners which are not the Governments of Poland
 or Hungary or instrumentalities thereof), businesses in Poland or Hungary
 that are wholly or partly owned by United States citizens, including those
 of Polish or Hungarian descent, religious and ethnic groups (including the
 Catholic Church), and other independent social organizations.
 (c) DEFINITION OF ELIGIBLE INVESTOR- Notwithstanding subsection (b), the
 term `eligible investor' with respect to OPIC's programs in Poland and
 Hungary has the same meaning as contained in section 238(c) of the Foreign
 Assistance Act of 1961.
 (d) EFFECTIVE DATE- The authority of the Overseas Private Investment
 Corporation to issue insurance, reinsurance, guarantees, and to provide
 any assistance under its direct loan and equity programs with respect to
 projects undertaken in Poland and Hungary shall take effect upon the date
 of enactment of this Act and shall remain in effect until September 30, 1992.
INTERNATIONAL COFFEE AGREEMENT
 SEC. 598. It is the Sense of the Congress that the International Coffee
 Agreement is an important measure in promoting economic and political
 stability in many developing countries, including Colombia, that the collapse
 of the Agreement would seriously undermine Colombia's efforts at fighting
 illegal drugs, and that the Administration should undertake every possible
 effort to successfully conclude a renewal of the Agreement.
LATVIA, ESTONIA, AND LITHUANIA
 SEC. 599. (a) The Congress finds that--
 (1) the Baltic states of Latvia, Estonia, and Lithuania gained their
 independence from the Russian Socialist Federative Soviet Republic in 1918,
 a fact recognized by the government of the Russian Socialist Federative
 Soviet Republic in 1920;
 (2) the governments of the Latvian Democratic Republic and the Russian
 Socialist Federative Soviet Republic (RSFSR) signed a Treaty of Peace in
 Riga, Latvia on August 11, 1920, in which the RSFSR `establishes the right
 of self-determination for all nations, even to the point of total separation
 from the States with which they have been incorporated' and declares that
 `Russia unreservedly recognizes the independence, self-subsistency and
 sovereignty of the Latvian State and voluntarily and forever renounces
 all sovereign rights over the Latvian people and territory which formerly
 belonged to Russia';
 (3) similar treaties were signed by both the Republic of Estonia and the
 Republic of Lithuania with the RSFSR on February 2, 1920 and July 12,
 1920, respectively';
 (4) the independent republics of Latvia, Estonia, and Lithuania swiftly
 recovered from the ravages of World War I and became active in the World
 community, gaining membership in the League of Nations on September 22,
 1921 and full recognition by the United States on July 28, 1922;
 (5) the sovereign rights of the independent states of Latvia, Estonia,
 and Lithuania were violated by the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics in a
 Secret Protocol to the Nazi-Soviet Treaty of Nonaggression of August 23, 1939,
 which divided Eastern Europe into Nazi and Soviet `spheres of influence';
 (6) the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics coerced the governments of Latvia,
 Estonia, and Lithuania to sign Pacts of Mutual Assistance in October 1939,
 which stipulated that the `contracting parties undertake not to enter into
 any alliances or to participate in any coalitions directed against one of
 the contracting parties' and that `the carrying into effect of the present
 pact must in no way affect the sovereign rights of the contracting parties,
 in particular their political structure, their economic and social system,
 and their military measures';
 (7) the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics violated not only those
 bilateral agreements with the independent Baltic states but also international
 conventions on the changing of international borders by force when the Soviet
 Union issued ultimatums to the three independent nations on June 15-16,
 1940, demanding the formation of governments to their liking, followed by
 armed invasions of Lithuania, Latvia, and Estonia on June 16-17, 1940;
 (8) the occupation of the Baltic states was confirmed on July 14-15, 1940,
 with the irregular and illegal `election' of new parliaments, which then
 petitioned for admission into the Soviet Union, and these petitions were
 accepted by the Soviet Union, as follows: Lithuania's on August 3, 1940,
 Latvia's on August 4, 1940, and Estonia's on August 5, 1940;
 (9) the Government of the United States continues its policy of standing by
 the 1922 recognition of the de jure independent governments in the Baltic
 states, and of refusing to recognize the forced incorporation of the Baltic
 states into the Soviet Union;
 (10) the peoples of Latvia, Estonia, and Lithuania have never accepted the
 occupation of their native lands, and have demonstrated their resolve on
 numerous occasions since 1940, most notably in the last three years. The
 most striking demonstration of the desires of the Baltic people took place
 on August 23, 1989, the fiftieth anniversary of the Nazi-Soviet Treaty
 of Nonaggression, when nearly two million citizens of Latvia, Estonia,
 and Lithuania joined hands in a four-hundred-mile human chain stretching
 across the Baltic states from the Estonian capital of Tallinn, through the
 Latvian capital, Riga, to the Lithuanian capital of Vilninus;
 (11) the people of the Baltic states, through their elected representatives
 in the Popular Front of Latvia, the Popular Front of Estonia, and the
 Lithuanian Movement in Support of Perestroika `Sajudis', have declared
 their desire for the restoration of independence in the Baltic states; and
 (12) even the Communist officials and regimes in each of the Baltic states
 have begun to respond to the drive for more autonomy.
 (b) The Congress urges the President--
 (1) to raise the issue of the political rights of the Baltic peoples in
 all diplomatic contacts with the Soviet Union including during the meeting
 between President Bush and President Gorbachev in December, 1989 and during
 the Presidential summit scheduled in 1990 between the United States and
 the Soviet Union; and
 (2) to call upon the Soviet Union--
 (A) to honor the international agreements it has voluntarily entered into,
 such as the Final Act of the Helsinki Conference on Security and Cooperation
 in Europe and the United Nations Declaration of Human Rights, as well as the
 bilateral agreements it has voluntarily entered into with the independent
 governments of Latvia, Estonia, and Lithuania,
 (B) to allow the people of Latvia, Estonia, and Lithuania their right of
 self-determination, as guaranteed by the RSFSR in 1920 as well as by the
 current constitution of the Soviet Union,
 (C) to recognize the human rights of all peoples both within the Soviet
 Union and under Soviet influence, and
 (D) to replace the policy of aggressive industrialization in the Baltic
 states, which has poisoned the land, air, and water of Latvia, Estonia,
 and Lithuania, with one of environmental responsibility.
IMPORTATION OF CERTAIN DEFENSE ARTICLES FROM POLAND, CZECHOSLOVAKIA,
AND HUNGARY
 SEC. 599A. Notwithstanding section 38 of the Arms Export Control Act (22
 U.S.C. 2278) or any other provision of law, any article that--
 (1) is a defense article for purposes of section 38 of the Arms Export
 Control Act,
 (2) is from Poland, Hungary, or Czechoslovakia,
 (3) was imported or temporarily imported into the United States before June
 30, 1989, by, or on behalf of, a museum or educational institution that
 is described in section 501(c)(3) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 and
 exempt from tax under section 501(a) of such Code,
 (4) was manufactured at least 20 years before its importation into the
 United States,
 (5) has been disabled so that no weapon or weapons system is functional, and
 (6) is to be used only for display to the public by the museum or educational
 institution for educational purposes,
shall be considered to have been lawfully imported into the United States
and shall be permitted to remain in the United States, and the museum or
educational institution shall not be subject to any penalty by reason of
such importation.
HUMAN RIGHTS IN CUBA
 SEC. 599B. (1) FINDINGS- The Congress finds that--
 (A) the United Nations in 1989 issued its first report on humans rights in
 Cuba this year, the result of a year-long investigation that concluded on
 the 30th year of Fidel Castro's rise to power;
 (B) the report extensively documented across-the-board human rights abuses
 that include cases of torture, missing people, religious persecution,
 violations of civil and political rights and violations of economic and
 social rights;
 (C) the United Nations received 137 complaints of `torture, cruel, inhuman
 or degrading treatment or punishment';
 (D) among the abuses reported to the United Nations were sensory deprivation,
 immersion in a pit latrine, mock executions, overcrowding in special cells,
 deafening loudspeakers, keeping prisoners naked in front of relatives,
 and forcing a prisoner about to be executed to carry his own coffin or dig
 his own grave;
 (E) the United Nations commissioners also charged the Cuban regime with
 carrying out reprisals against Cuban citizens who offered testimony to
 the United Nations group, a clear violation of the Castro's government's
 promise not to harass those who complained about human rights;
 (F) at least 22 Cuban human rights activists who were arrested are currently
 serving prison sentences or being held without trial;
 (G) the Human Rights Commission approved a resolution on March 9, 1989,
 calling on the Cuban government to cooperate with the Secretary General of
 the United Nations in settling unresolved issues raised by the human rights
 study group;
 (H) since March 9, 1989, the United Nations has failed to take any substantive
 action to follow up on the March 9 resolution. The United Nations also has
 failed to intervene on behalf of those who are now imprisoned because of
 their attempts to testify before the United Nations human rights investigative
 group last fall.
 (2) STATEMENT OF POLICY- In the interest of promoting respect for human
 rights in Cuba, the Congress--
 (A) calls on the Secretary General of the United Nations to act upon
 the resolution approved by the Commission on Human Rights March 9, 1989,
 calling on the Secretary General to take appropriate follow up action on
 the Commission's report;
 (B) calls on the Secretary General to specifically urge the Cuban government
 to release the 22 persons still being held in detention because of their
 human rights activities;
 (C) calls on the United States Ambassador to the United Nations to make known
 in the strongest terms the dissatisfaction of the United States with the
 failure by the United Nations to continue to act on its own resolution; and
 (D) calls on the Secretary of the United Nations to expand the United
 Nation's investigation of Cuba to include an examination of labor rights
 in recognition of current Cuban law which prohibits the formation of
 independent unions and which has led to the imprisonment of those Cuban
 workers who have tried to organize themselves.
ASSISTANCE FOR POLAND AND HUNGARY
 SEC. 599C. (a) In addition to amounts appropriated under the heading `Trade
 and Development Program', there is hereby appropriated $2,000,000, to remain
 available until expended, to carry out the provisions of section 661 of the
 Foreign Assistance Act of 1961, notwithstanding any other provision of law.
 (b) Notwithstanding any other provision of this Act, any funds made available
 by this Act for a specific activity for Poland or Hungary instead may be
 obligated for Poland or Hungary for an activity with a similar purpose. The
 authority of section 515 of this Act may also be used to deobligate such
 funds and reobligate them for Poland or Hungary for an activity with a
 similar purpose: Provided, That the authority of this subsection shall be
 exercised subject to the regular notification procedures of the Committees
 on Appropriations.
 (c) Funds made available by this Act and obligated for the Government of
 Poland shall not be expended if the President of Poland, or any other Polish
 official, initiates martial law without the consent of the Polish Senate
 and Sejm, or if members of the Polish Senate or the Sejm are removed from
 office or are arrested through extra-constitutional processes: Provided,
 That, notwithstanding the restriction on expenditures contained in this
 subsection, the President of the United States may continue to expend funds
 made available to Poland if he determines and certifies to Congress that
 it is in the foreign policy interest of the United States to do so.
ESTABLISHING CATEGORIES OF ALIENS FOR PURPOSES OF REFUGEE DETERMINATIONS
 SEC. 599D. (a) IN GENERAL- In the case of an alien who is within a category
 of aliens established under subsection (b), the alien may establish, for
 purposes of admission as a refugee under section 207 of the Immigration and
 Nationality Act, that the alien has a well-founded fear of persecution on
 account of race, religion, nationality, membership in a particular social
 group, or political opinion by asserting such a fear and asserting a credible
 basis for concern about the possibility of such persecution.
 (b) ESTABLISHMENT OF CATEGORIES-
 (1) For purposes of subsection (a), the Attorney General, in consultation
 with the Secretary of State and the Coordinator for Refugee Affairs,
 shall establish--
 (A) one or more categories of aliens who are or were nationals and residents
 of the Soviet Union and who share common characteristics that identify them
 as targets of persecution in the Soviet Union on account of race, religion,
 nationality, membership in a particular social group, or political opinion,
 and
 (B) one or more categories of aliens who are or were nationals and residents
 of Vietnam, Laos, or Cambodia and who share common characteristics that
 identify them as targets of persecution in such respective foreign state
 on such an account.
 (2)(A) Aliens who are (or were) nationals and residents of the Soviet Union
 and who are Jews or Evangelical Christians shall be deemed a category of
 alien established under paragraph (1)(A).
 (B) Aliens who are (or were) nationals of the Soviet Union and who are current
 members of, and demonstrate public, active, and continuous participation
 (or attempted participation) in the religious activities of, the Ukrainian
 Catholic Church or the Ukrainian Orthodox Church, shall be deemed a category
 of alien established under paragraph (1)(A).
 (C) Aliens who are (or were) nationals and residents of Vietnam, Laos,
 or Cambodia and who are members of categories of individuals determined,
 by the Attorney General in accordance with `Immigration and Naturalization
 Service Worldwide Guidelines for Overseas Refugee Processing' (issued by
 the Immigration and Naturalization Service in August 1983) shall be deemed
 a category of alien established under paragraph (1)(B).
 (3) Within the number of admissions of refugees allocated for fiscal year 1990
 for refugees who are nationals of the Soviet Union under section 207(a)(3)
 of the Immigration and Nationality Act, notwithstanding any other provision
 of law, the President shall allocate one thousand of such admissions for
 such fiscal year to refugees who are within the category of aliens described
 in paragraph (2)(B).
 (c) WRITTEN REASONS FOR DENIALS OF REFUGEE STATUS- Each decision to deny
 an application for refugee status of an alien who is within a category
 established under this section shall be in writing and shall state, to the
 maximum extent feasible, the reason for the denial.
 (d) PERMITTING CERTAIN ALIENS WITHIN CATEGORIES TO REAPPLY FOR REFUGEE STATUS-
 Each alien who is within a category established under this section and who
 (after August 14, 1988, and before the date of the enactment of this Act)
 was denied refugee status shall be permitted to reapply for such status. Such
 an application shall be determined taking into account the application of
 this section.
 (e) PERIOD OF APPLICATION-
 (1) Subsections (a) and (b) shall take effect on the date of the enactment
 of this Act and shall only apply to applications for refugee status submitted
 before October 1, 1990.
 (2) Subsection (c) shall apply to decisions made after the date of the
 enactment of this Act and before October 1, 1990.
 (3) Subsection (d) shall take effect on the date of the enactment of this
 Act and shall only apply to reapplications for refugee status submitted
 before October 1, 1990.
 (f) GAO REPORTS ON SOVIET REFUGEE PROCESSING-
 (1) The Comptroller General shall submit to the Committees on the Judiciary of
 the Senate and of the House of Representatives reports on the implementation
 of this section in Italy and the Soviet Union. Such reports shall include
 a review of--
 (A) the timeliness and length of individual interviews,
 (B) the adequacy of staffing and funding by the Department of State, the
 Immigration and Naturalization Service, and voluntary agencies, including the
 adequacy of staffing, computerization, and administration of the processing
 center in Washington,
 (C) the sufficiency of the proposed Soviet refugee processing system within
 the United States,
 (D) backlogs (if any) by ethnic or religious groups and the reasons any
 such backlogs exist,
 (E) the sufficiency of the means of distributing and receiving applications
 for refugee status in Moscow,
 (F) to the extent possible, a comparison of the cost of conducting refugee
 processing only in Moscow and such cost of processing in both Moscow and
 in Italy, and
 (G) an evaluation of efforts to phase out Soviet refugee processing in Italy.
 (2) The Comptroller shall submit a preliminary report under paragraph
 (1) by December 31, 1989, and a final report by March 31, 1990. The final
 report shall include any recommendations which the Comptroller General may
 have regarding the need, if any, to revise or extend the application of
 this section.
ADJUSTMENT OF STATUS FOR CERTAIN SOVIET AND INDOCHINESE PAROLEES
 SEC. 599E. (a) IN GENERAL- The Attorney General shall adjust the status of
 an alien described in subsection (b) to that of an alien lawfully admitted
 for permanent residence if the alien--
 (1) applies for such adjustment,
 (2) has been physically present in the United States for at least 1 year
 and is physically present in the United States on the date the application
 for such adjustment is filed,
 (3) is admissible to the United States as an immigrant, except as provided
 in subsection (c), and
 (4) pays a fee (determined by the Attorney General) for the processing of
 such application.
 (b) ALIENS ELIGIBLE FOR ADJUSTMENT OF STATUS- The benefits provided in
 subsection (a) shall only apply to an alien who--
 (1) was a national of the Soviet Union, Vietnam, Laos, or Cambodia, and
 (2) was inspected and granted parole into the United States during the
 period beginning on August 15, 1988, and ending on September 30, 1990,
 after being denied refugee status.
 (c) WAIVER OF CERTAIN GROUNDS FOR INADMISSIBILITY- The provisions of
 paragraphs (14), (15), (20), (21), (25), (28) (other than subparagraph (F)),
 and (32) of section 212(a) of the Immigration and Nationality Act shall not
 apply to adjustment of status under this section and the Attorney General may
 waive any other provision of such section (other than paragraph (23)(B), (27),
 (29), or (33)) with respect to such an adjustment for humanitarian purposes,
 to assure family unity, or when it is otherwise in the public interest.
 (d) DATE OF APPROVAL- Upon the approval of such an application for
 adjustment of status, the Attorney General shall create a record of the
 alien's admission as a lawful permanent resident as of the date of the
 alien's inspection and parole described in subsection (b)(2).
 (e) NO OFFSET IN NUMBER OF VISAS AVAILABLE- When an alien is granted the
 status of having been lawfully admitted for permanent residence under
 this section, the Secretary of State shall not be required to reduce the
 number of immigrant visas authorized to be issued under the Immigration
 and Nationality Act.
REPEAL OF PROVISION
 SEC. 599F. (a) The following provision under the heading `Salaries and
 Expenses, General Legal Activities', contained in the Departments of Commerce,
 Justice, and State, the Judiciary, and Related Agencies Appropriations Act,
 1990 (H.R. 2991), as enacted into law, is hereby repealed: `: Provided
 further, That for fiscal year 1990 and hereafter the Attorney General may
 establish and collect fees to cover the cost of identifying, copying and
 distributing copies of tax decisions rendered by the Federal Judiciary and
 that any such fees shall be credited to this appropriation notwithstanding
 the provisions of 31 U.S.C. 3302'.
 (b) The provisions of subsection (a) shall take effect upon the date of
 the enactment into law of the Department of Commerce, Justice, and State,
 the Judiciary, and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 1990 (H.R. 2991).
CONDITIONAL ASSISTANCE FOR EL SALVADOR FOR POLICE TRAINING
 SEC. 599G. (a) CONDITIONAL ASSISTANCE- In order to promote the professional
 development of the security forces of El Salvador and to encourage the
 separation of the law enforcement forces from the armed forces of El Salvador,
 funds made available under chapter 4 of part II of the Foreign Assistance
 Act of 1961 which are allocated to El Salvador may, notwithstanding section
 660 of that Act, be provided to El Salvador for fiscal year 1990 for purposes
 otherwise prohibited by section 660 of the Act, if the following conditions
 are met:
 (1) The training provided with such assistance is provided by United States
 civilian law enforcement personnel.
 (2)(A) The assistance is to be used for the purposes of professional
 development and training of the security forces of El Salvador in such
 areas as human rights, civil law, investigative and civilian law enforcement
 techniques, and urban law enforcement training.
 (B) Any such assistance that is made available for equipment for these
 forces is intended to be used for the purchase of equipment such as
 communication devices, transportation equipment, forensic equipment, and
 personal protection gear. No such assistance may be used for the purchase of
 any lethal equipment, except for small arms ammunition and rifle ammunition
 solely for training purposes.
 (3) At least thirty days before obligating such assistance, the President
 certifies to the Committee of Foreign Affairs and the Committee on
 Appropriations of the House of Representatives and the Committee of
 Foreign Relations and the Committee on Appropriations of the Senate that the
 Government of El Salvador has made significant progress during the preceding
 6 months in eliminating any human rights violations, including torture,
 incommunicado detention, detention of persons solely for their political
 views, or prolonged detention without trial. Any such certification shall
 include a full description of the assistance which is proposed to be provided
 and of the purposes to which it is to be directed. Any such certification
 shall also include a report on the status of all investigative action
 and prosecutions with respect to those responsible for the 1980 murders
 of Archbishop Oscar Romero and the four American churchwomen, the recent
 murder of Ana Casanova, the recent bombings of the headquarters of the
 FENASTRAS union and the office of COMADRES, a human rights organization,
 and the recent murder of six Jesuit priests and their associates.
 (4) REPROGRAMMING- Funds made available under this subsection shall be subject
 to the regular reprogramming procedures of the Committees on Appropriations.
 (b) DEFINITION- For purposes of this section, the term `civilian law
 enforcement personnel' means individuals who are not members of the United
 States Armed Forces.
 (c) Not more than $5,000,000 shall be made available in fiscal year 1990
 to carry out the provisions of this section. Not less than $7,000,000 of
 the funds made available to carry out the provisions of chapter 4 of part
 II of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 for fiscal year 1990 shall be made
 available for the purposes of subsection 534(b)(3) of the Foreign Assistance
 Act of 1961.
CROPS IN PERU, BOLIVIA AND JAMAICA
 SEC. 599H. Notwithstanding any other provision of law, the President may
 provide assistance under chapter 1 of part I or chapter 4 of part II of the
 Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 for Peru, Bolivia and Jamaica to promote the
 production, processing, or marketing of all crops which can be economically
 grown in areas of those countries which currently produce crops from which
 narcotic and psychotropic drugs are derived.
LAND REFORM IN EL SALVADOR
 SEC. 599I. (a) It is the sense of the Congress that the success and
 continuation of land reform in El Salvador is vital to United States policy
 and to political stability, economic development and maintenance of democratic
 institutions in that country.
 (b) Therefore, when allocating Economic Support Funds to El Salvador, the
 President shall take into consideration progress in the Salvadoran Land
 Reform Program.
TITLE VI--FUNDING ADJUSTMENTS
REDUCTION OF APPROPRIATIONS
 SEC. 601. Each appropriation item, direct loan obligation limit, loan
 guarantee commitment limit, or obligation limit provided by this Act shall
 be reduced by 0.43 per centum: Provided, That such reduction shall be
 applied proportionally to each program, project, and activity as set forth
 in section 543 of this Act: Provided further, That programs and activities
 exempt from sequestration under section 255 of the Deficit Control Act of
 1985 shall be exempt from the uniform reduction required by this paragraph.
COUNTER-NARCOTICS PROGRAMS
 SEC. 602. For expenses necessary to enable the President to carry out the
 provisions of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 and the Arms Export Control
 Act, $125,000,000, which shall be made available only for counter-narcotics
 programs: Provided, That none of the funds appropriated under this heading
 shall be made available except as provided through the regular notification
 procedures of the Committees on Appropriations.
 This Act may be cited as the `Foreign Operations, Export Financing, and
 Related Programs Appropriations Act, 1990'.
Speaker of the House of Representatives,
Vice President of the United States and
President of the Senate.