Text: H.R.4115 — 101st Congress (1989-1990)All Information (Except Text)

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Union Calendar No. 422
101st CONGRESS
2d Session
H. R. 4115
[Report No. 101-519, Parts I and II]
A BILL
To authorize appropriations for certain ocean and coastal programs of the
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration.
August 30, 1990
Reported from the Committee on Science, Space, and Technology  with an
amendment, committed to the Committee of the Whole House on the State of
the Union, and ordered to be printed
HR 4115 RH2
Union Calendar No. 422
101st CONGRESS
2d Session
 H. R. 4115
[Report No. 101-519, Parts I and II]
To authorize appropriations for certain ocean and coastal programs of the
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration.
IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES
February 27, 1990
Mr. HERTEL (for himself, Mr. JONES of North Carolina, Mr. DAVIS, Mr. SHUMWAY,
Mr. SAXTON, Mr. CLEMENT, Mr. HUGHES, Mr. STUDDS, Mrs. SAIKI, Mr. MANTON,
Mr. BORSKI, Mr. BRENNAN, Mr. HERGER, Mrs. LOWEY of New York, and Ms. SCHNEIDER)
introduced the following bill; which was referred to the Committee on Merchant
Marine and Fisheries
June 5, 1990
Reported with an amendment, committed to the Committee of the Whole House
on the State of the Union, and ordered to be printed
[Strike out all after the enacting clause and insert the part printed
in italic]
June 12, 1990
The Committee of the Whole House on the State of the Union discharged, and
referred to the Committee on Science, Space, and Technology for a period
ending not later than July 25, 1990, for consideration of such provisions
of the bill and amendment as fall within the jurisdiction of the Committee
on Science, Space, and Technology pursuant to clause 1(r), rule X
July 25, 1990
Referral to the Committee on Science, Space, and Technology extended for a
period ending not later than August 31, 1990
August 30, 1990
Reported from the Committee on Science, Space, and Technology with an
amendment, committed to the Committee of the Whole House on the State of
the Union, and ordered to be printed
[Strike out all after the enacting clause and insert the part printed in
boldface roman]
[For text of introduced bill, see copy of bill as introduced on February
27, 1990]
A BILL
To authorize appropriations for certain ocean and coastal programs of the
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration.
  Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United
  States of America in Congress assembled,
SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE.
  This Act may be cited as the `Ocean and Coastal Programs Authorization
  Act of 1990'.
SEC. 2. NATIONAL OCEAN SERVICE.
  (a) MAPPING, CHARTING, AND GEODESY- There are authorized to be appropriated
  to the Department of Commerce for carrying out mapping, charting, and
  geodesy activities of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration
  (including geodetic data collection and analysis) under the Act entitled
  `An Act to define the functions and duties of the Coast and Geodetic Survey,
  and for other purposes', approved August 6, 1947 (33 U.S.C. 883a et seq.),
  and any other law, not more than $60,251,000 for fiscal year 1991.
  (b) OBSERVATION AND ASSESSMENT- There are authorized to be appropriated
  to the Department of Commerce for carrying out observation and assessment
  activities of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration under
  the Act entitled `An Act to define the functions and duties of the Coast
  and Geodetic Survey, and for other purposes', approved August 6, 1947
  (33 U.S.C. 883a et seq.), and any other law, not more than $60,455,000
  for fiscal year 1991.
  (c) OCEAN AND COASTAL MANAGEMENT- There are authorized to be appropriated
  to the Department of Commerce for carrying out ocean and coastal management
  activities of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration under
  title III of the Marine Protection, Research, and Sanctuaries Act of 1972
  (16 U.S.C. 1431 et seq.), the Coastal Zone Management Act of 1972 (33
  U.S.C. 1451 et seq.), and any other law, not more than $73,326,000 for
  fiscal year 1991. Amounts appropriated pursuant to this authorization
  shall not be used for activities authorized separately under the Deep
  Seabed Hard Mineral Resources Act (30 U.S.C. 1401 et seq.).
SEC. 3. OCEANIC AND ATMOSPHERIC PROGRAMS.
  (a) CLIMATE AND AIR QUALITY PROGRAMS- There are authorized to be appropriated
  to the Department of Commerce for carrying out climate and air quality
  research activities of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration
  under any law involving those activities, not more than $123,419,000 for
  fiscal year 1991.
  (b) ATMOSPHERIC PROGRAMS- There are authorized to be appropriated to the
  Department of Commerce for carrying out atmospheric research activities of
  the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration authorized under any law
  involving those activities, not more than $43,471,000 for fiscal year 1991.
  (c) OCEAN AND GREAT LAKES RESEARCH- There are authorized to be appropriated
  to the Department of Commerce for carrying out ocean and Great Lakes research
  activities of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration under
  the Act entitled `An Act to define the function and duties of the Coast
  and Geodetic Survey, and for other purposes', approved August 6, 1947 (33
  U.S.C. 883a et seq.), the Act entitled `An Act to increase the efficiency
  and reduce the expenses of the Signal Corps of the Army, and to transfer
  the Weather Bureau to the Department of Agriculture', approved October 1,
  1890 (15 U.S.C. 311 et seq.), the National Sea Grant College Program Act
  (33 U.S.C. 1121 et seq.), and any other law involving those activities,
  not more than $86,787,000 for fiscal year 1991.
  (d) ZEBRA MUSSEL AND OTHER EXOTIC SPECIES RESEARCH- In addition to amounts
  authorized under subsection (c), there are authorized to be appropriated
  to the Office of Oceanic and Atmospheric Research not more than $4,500,000
  for research on methods to control and eradicate harmful exotic species
  in the Great Lakes, including the zebra mussel, river ruffe, Asiatic crab,
  rusty crawfish, alewife, and spiny water flea. Of the amounts appropriated
  under this authorization, one-fourth shall be made available to the
  Great Lakes Environmental Research Laboratory in Ann Arbor, Michigan, and
  three-fourths shall be made available to the National Sea Grant College
  Program, pursuant to section 206 of the National Sea Grant College Program
  Act (33 U.S.C. 1125). No funds appropriated under this authorization may
  be spent on research relating to sea lampreys.
  (e) OYSTER DISEASE RESEARCH- Pursuant to section 206 of the National Sea
  Grant College Program Act (33 U.S.C. 1125), $3,000,000 may be appropriated
  for priority oyster disease research in fiscal year 1991.
  (f) PACIFIC ISLAND NETWORK- In addition to amounts authorized under
  subsection (c), there are authorized to be appropriated to the National
  Sea Grant College Program not more than $150,000 for fiscal year 1991,
  for the provision of technical assistance to Pacific island nations
  on marine-related problems in aquaculture, fisheries, coastal resource
  management, communications, and education, through the program known as the
  `Pacific Island Network'.
SEC. 4. PROGRAM SUPPORT.
  (a) ADMINISTRATION AND SERVICES- There are authorized to be appropriated
  to the Department of Commerce for carrying out executive direction
  and administrative activities of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric
  Administration (including management, administrative support, provision of
  retired pay of National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration commissioned
  officers, and policy development) under the Act entitled `An Act to clarify
  the status and benefits of commissioned officers of the National Oceanic and
  Atmospheric Administration, and for other purposes', approved December 31,
  1970 (33 U.S.C. 587-1 et seq.), and any other law involving those activities,
  not more than $70,382,000 for fiscal year 1991.
  (b) FACILITIES- There are authorized to be appropriated to the Department
  of Commerce for acquisition, construction, maintenance, and operation of
  facilities of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration under
  any law involving those activities, not more than $9,232,000 for fiscal
  year 1991.
  (c) MARINE SERVICES- There are authorized to be appropriated to the
  Department of Commerce for carrying out marine services activities of
  the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (including ship
  operations, maintenance, and support) under the Act entitled `An Act to
  define the functions and duties of the Coast and Geodetic Survey, and
  for other purposes', approved August 6, 1947 (33 U.S.C. 883a et seq.),
  and any other law involving those activities, not more than $91,375,000
  for fiscal year 1991.
  (d) AIRCRAFT SERVICES- There are authorized to be appropriated to the
  Department of Commerce for carrying out aircraft services activities of
  the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (including aircraft
  operations, maintenance, and support) under the Act entitled `An Act to
  increase the efficiency and reduce the expenses of the Signal Corps of the
  Army, and to transfer the Weather Bureau to the Department of Agriculture',
  approved October 1, 1890 (15 U.S.C. 311 et seq.), and under any other law
  involving those activities, not more than $9,678,000 for fiscal year 1991.
SEC. 5. REQUIREMENT OF NOTICE OF REPROGRAMMING.
  The Secretary of Commerce shall not reprogram an amount appropriated under
  the authority of this Act unless, before carrying out that reprogramming,
  the Secretary provides notice of that reprogramming to the Committee on
  Merchant Marine and Fisheries of the House of Representatives and to the
  Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation of the Senate.
SEC. 6. PRICE OF CHARTS AND OTHER PRODUCTS OF NOAA.
  Notwithstanding the provisions of section 1307 of title 44, United States
  Code, the price of a nautical chart or other product created or published
  by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration and sold after the
  date of the enactment of this Act shall be the price in effect for that
  type of chart or product on April 7, 1986. This section shall not apply
  if the report required by section 1307(a)(2)(A) of title 44, United States
  Code, which was required to be submitted to Congress no later than April 7,
  1989, is submitted to Congress on or before May 28, 1990.
SEC. 7. REPORT ON SATELLITE OCEANOGRAPHY.
  (a) IN GENERAL- The Committee on Earth Sciences of the Federal Coordinating
  Council for Science, Engineering, and Technology (hereinafter in this
  section referred to as the `Committee'), in consultation with Federal,
  academic, and commercial users of remotely sensed data, shall consider
  and develop detailed findings and recommendations regarding--
  (1) the most urgent current needs of oceanographic researchers within the
  Federal Government, the academic community, and the private sector, for
  remote sensing capabilities and remotely sensed data, including findings
  regarding the present inadequacies in these capabilities and data; and
  (2) the major goals of satellite oceanography for the next 10 years.
  (b) REPORT- Not later than 1 year after the date of the enactment of this
  Act, the Committee shall submit to the Committee on Merchant Marine and
  Fisheries of the House of Representatives and the Committee on Commerce,
  Science, and Transportation of the Senate, a report which describes the
  findings of the Committee. The report shall include recommendations for,
  or a description of actions being taken toward--
  (1) correcting inadequacies in remote sensing capabilities;
  (2) improving availability of remotely sensed data; and
  (3) achieving the major goals of satellite oceanography developed pursuant
  to subsection (a)(2).
SEC. 8. REPORT ON SATELLITE CAPABILITIES FOR FISHERIES ENFORCEMENT.
  Not later than 6 months after the date of the enactment of this Act, the
  Under Secretary of Commerce for Oceans and Atmosphere, in consultation
  with the heads of other Federal agencies, shall prepare and submit to the
  Committee on Merchant Marine and Fisheries of the House of Representatives
  and the Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation of the Senate,
  a report describing how current and planned satellite capabilities of the
  Federal Government can aid in the enforcement of Federal fisheries laws
  and the implementation of international fisheries conservation programs.
SEC. 9. COOPERATIVE INSTITUTE OF FISHERIES OCEANOGRAPHY.
  (a) ESTABLISHMENT- There is established within the National Oceanic and
  Atmospheric Administration a Cooperative Institute of Fisheries Oceanography
  (hereinafter in this section referred to as the `Institute'), in partnership
  with Duke University and the Consolidated University of North Carolina.
  (b) AUTHORIZATION- There are authorized to be appropriated to the Department
  of Commerce not more than $500,000 for fiscal year 1991, to remain available
  until expended, for use for activities of the Institute.
  (c) USE OF AMOUNTS APPROPRIATED- Amounts appropriated under the authority
  of subsection (b) may be used for--
  (1) administration of the Institute;
  (2) research conducted by the Institute; and
  (3) preparation of a 5-year plan for research and for development of
  the Institute.
  (d) REPORT- Within one year after the date of the enactment of this Act, the
  Institute shall submit to the Congress and the Under Secretary of Commerce
  for Oceans and Atmosphere, the plan developed pursuant to subsection (c)(3).
SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE.
  This Act may be cited as the `National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration
  Authorization Act of 1990'.
TITLE I--OCEAN AND COASTAL PROGRAMS
SEC. 101. SHORT TITLE.
  This title may be cited as the `Ocean and Coastal Programs Authorization
  Act of 1990'.
SEC. 102. NATIONAL OCEAN SERVICE.
  (a) MAPPING, CHARTING, AND GEODESY- There are authorized to be appropriated
  to the Secretary of Commerce (hereafter in this Act referred to as the
  `Secretary') for carrying out mapping, charting, and geodesy activities of
  the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (including geodetic
  data collection and analysis) under the Act entitled `An Act to define
  the functions and duties of the Coast and Geodetic Survey, and for other
  purposes', approved August 6, 1947 (33 U.S.C. 883a et seq.), and any other
  law, not more than $60,251,000 for fiscal year 1991.
  (b) OBSERVATION AND ASSESSMENT- There are authorized to be appropriated
  to the Secretary for carrying out observation and assessment activities of
  the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration under the Act entitled
  `An Act to define the functions and duties of the Coast and Geodetic Survey,
  and for other purposes', approved August 6, 1947 (33 U.S.C. 883a et seq.),
  and any other law, not more than $60,455,000 for fiscal year 1991.
  (c) OCEAN AND COASTAL MANAGEMENT- There are authorized to be appropriated
  to the Secretary for carrying out ocean and coastal management activities
  of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration under title III of
  the Marine Protection, Research, and Sanctuaries Act of 1972 (16 U.S.C. 1431
  et seq.), the Coastal Zone Management Act of 1972 (33 U.S.C. 1451 et seq.),
  and any other law, not more than $73,326,000 for fiscal year 1991. Amounts
  appropriated pursuant to this subsection shall not be used for activities
  authorized separately under the Deep Seabed Hard Mineral Resources Act
  (30 U.S.C. 1401 et seq.).
  (d) MARINE BIOTECHNOLOGY RESEARCH- The Secretary of Commerce shall report
  to the Congress annually on the status of marine biotechnology research,
  training, and technology transfer efforts in the United States and on the
  comparative status of such efforts undertaken in foreign countries. Of
  the sums authorized under this section, such sums as are necessary are
  authorized for the establishment for marine biotechnology centers and
  their activities in marine biotechnology research, training, and technology
  transfer. It shall be the purpose of such centers to--
  (1) study the molecular genetics and biochemistry of marine organisms,
  including the molecular genetics of marine microorganisms, plants,
  and animals;
  (2) study the application of such novel marine products as fine chemicals
  and bulk chemicals;
  (3) develop marine organisms capable of consuming toxics and other selected
  matter foreign to the marine environment, such as oil;
  (4) develop solutions to marine biofouling;
  (5) initiate marine science projects relating to aquaculture and the
  production of foodstuffs; and
  (6) develop marine biometabolites, including pharmaceuticals.
SEC. 103. OCEANIC AND ATMOSPHERIC PROGRAMS.
  (a) CLIMATE AND AIR QUALITY RESEARCH-
  (1) There are authorized to be appropriated to the Secretary to enable the
  National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration to carry out its climate
  and air quality research duties, $74,762,000 for fiscal year 1991 and
  $83,481,000 for fiscal year 1992. Such duties include interannual and
  seasonal climate research, long-term climate and air quality research,
  and the National Climate Program.
  (2) Of the sums authorized under paragraph (1) of this subsection, $8,000,000
  for fiscal year 1991 and $6,000,000 for fiscal year 1992 are authorized
  to be appropriated for the implementation of a nationwide climate services
  system and applied climatology program.
  (3) Of the sums authorized under paragraph (1) of this subsection,
  $3,700,000 for fiscal year 1991 and $3,700,000 for fiscal year 1992 are
  authorized to be appropriated for the activities of the National Climate
  Program and the Regional Climate Centers.
  (b) Atmospheric Programs-
  (1) There are authorized to be appropriated to the Secretary to enable the
  National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration to carry out its atmospheric
  research duties, $48,172,000 for fiscal year 1991 and $49,521,000 for fiscal
  year 1992. Such duties include research for developing improved prediction
  capabilities for atmospheric processes, as well as solar-terrestrial
  services and research.
  (2) Of the sums authorized under paragraph (1) of this subsection, $250,000
  for fiscal year 1991 and $150,000 for fiscal year 1992 are authorized
  to be appropriated for tornado and severe thunderstorm weather research
  activities in the southeastern coastal plain region of the United States.
  (c) Climate Services System Modernization-
  (1) The Secretary shall direct the Office of the Chief Scientist of the
  National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration to prepare and submit to
  Congress, not later than one year after the date of enactment of this Act,
  a plan for the implementation of a nationwide climate services system and
  applied climatology program. Such plan shall include detailed requirements
  and schedules for the improvement of (A) the timeliness of climate services,
  (B) the spatial coverage of weather observational networks, (C) the quality
  control of climate data, (D) access to climate data, (E) the use of climate
  data, (F) the coordination of Regional Climate Centers with Federal climate
  centers, and (G) private sector participation in providing climate services.
  (2) Of the sums authorized under subsection (a)(1), $200,000 are authorized
  to be appropriated for fiscal year 1991 for the purposes of implementing
  paragraph (1) of this subsection.
  (d) OCEAN AND GREAT LAKES RESEARCH- There are authorized to be appropriated
  to the Secretary for carrying out ocean and Great Lakes research
  activities of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration under
  the Act entitled `An Act to define the function and duties of the Coast
  and Geodetic Survey, and for other purposes', approved August 6, 1947 (33
  U.S.C. 883a et seq.), the Act entitled `An Act to increase the efficiency
  and reduce the expenses of the Signal Corps of the Army, and to transfer
  the Weather Bureau to the Department of Agriculture', approved October 1,
  1890 (15 U.S.C. 311 et seq.), the National Sea Grant College Program Act
  (33 U.S.C. 1121 et seq.), and any other law involving those activities,
  not more than $86,787,000 for fiscal year 1991.
  (e) ZEBRA MUSSEL AND OTHER EXOTIC SPECIES RESEARCH- In addition to amounts
  authorized under subsection (d), there are authorized to be appropriated
  to the Office of Oceanic and Atmospheric Research not more than $4,500,000
  for research on methods to control and eradicate harmful exotic species
  in the Great Lakes, including the zebra mussel, river ruffe, Asiatic crab,
  rusty crawfish, alewife, and spiny water flea. Of the amounts appropriated
  under this authorization, one-fourth shall be made available to the
  Great Lakes Environmental Research Laboratory in Ann Arbor, Michigan, and
  three-fourths shall be made available to the National Sea Grant College
  Program, pursuant to section 206 of the National Sea Grant College Program
  Act (33 U.S.C. 1125). No funds appropriated under this subsection may be
  spent on research relating to sea lampreys.
  (f) OYSTER DISEASE RESEARCH- Pursuant to section 206 of the National Sea
  Grant College Program Act (33 U.S.C. 1125), $3,000,000 may be appropriated
  for priority oyster disease research in fiscal year 1991.
  (g) PACIFIC ISLAND NETWORK- In addition to amounts authorized under
  subsection (d), there are authorized to be appropriated to the National
  Sea Grant College Program not more than $150,000 for fiscal year 1991,
  for the provision of technical assistance to Pacific island nations
  on marine-related problems in aquaculture, fisheries, coastal resource
  management, communications, and education, through the program known as the
  `Pacific Island Network'.
SEC. 104. PROGRAM SUPPORT.
  (a) ADMINISTRATION AND SERVICES- There are authorized to be appropriated
  to the Secretary for carrying out executive direction and administrative
  activities of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration
  (including management, administrative support, provision of retired pay
  of National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration commissioned officers,
  and policy development) under the Act entitled `An Act to clarify the
  status and benefits of commissioned officers of the National Oceanic and
  Atmospheric Administration, and for other purposes', approved December 31,
  1970 (33 U.S.C. 587-1 et seq.), and any other law involving those activities,
  not more than $70,382,000 for fiscal year 1991.
  (b) FACILITIES- There are authorized to be appropriated to the Secretary
  for acquisition, construction, maintenance, and operation of facilities of
  the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration under any law involving
  those activities, not more than $9,232,000 for fiscal year 1991.
  (c) MARINE SERVICES- There are authorized to be appropriated to the Secretary
  for carrying out marine services activities of the National Oceanic and
  Atmospheric Administration (including ship operations, maintenance, and
  support) under the Act entitled `An Act to define the functions and duties
  of the Coast and Geodetic Survey, and for other purposes', approved August 6,
  1947 (33 U.S.C. 883a et seq.), and any other law involving those activities,
  not more than $91,375,000 for fiscal year 1991.
  (d) AIRCRAFT SERVICES- There are authorized to be appropriated to the
  Secretary for carrying out aircraft services activities of the National
  Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (including aircraft operations,
  maintenance, and support) under the Act entitled `An Act to increase
  the efficiency and reduce the expenses of the Signal Corps of the Army,
  and to transfer the Weather Bureau to the Department of Agriculture',
  approved October 1, 1890 (15 U.S.C. 311 et seq.), and under any other law
  involving those activities, not more than $9,678,000 for fiscal year 1991.
SEC. 105. REQUIREMENT OF NOTICE OF REPROGRAMMING.
  The Secretary shall not reprogram an amount appropriated under the authority
  of this Act unless, before carrying out that reprogramming, the Secretary
  provides notice of that reprogramming to the House of Representatives and
  the Senate.
SEC. 106. PRICE OF CHARTS AND OTHER PRODUCTS OF NOAA.
  Notwithstanding the provisions of section 1307 of title 44, United States
  Code, the price of a nautical chart or other product created or published
  by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration and sold after the
  date of the enactment of this Act shall be the price in effect for that
  type of chart or product on April 7, 1986. This section shall not apply
  if the report required by section 1307(a)(2)(A) of title 44, United States
  Code, which was required to be submitted to Congress no later than April 7,
  1989, is submitted to Congress on or before May 28, 1990.
SEC. 107. REPORT ON SATELLITE OCEANOGRAPHY.
  (a) IN GENERAL- The Committee on Earth Sciences of the Federal Coordinating
  Council for Science, Engineering, and Technology (hereinafter in this
  section referred to as the `Committee'), in consultation with Federal,
  academic, and commercial users of remotely sensed data, shall consider
  and develop detailed findings and recommendations regarding--
  (1) the most urgent current needs of oceanographic researchers within the
  Federal Government, the academic community, and the private sector, for
  remote sensing capabilities and remotely sensed data, including findings
  regarding the present inadequacies in these capabilities and data; and
  (2) the major goals of satellite oceanography for the next 10 years.
  (b) REPORT- Not later than 1 year after the date of the enactment of this
  Act, the Committee shall submit to the House of Representatives and the
  Senate a report which describes the findings of the Committee. The report
  shall include recommendations for, or a description of actions being
  taken toward--
  (1) correcting inadequacies in remote sensing capabilities;
  (2) improving availability of remotely sensed data; and
  (3) achieving the major goals of satellite oceanography developed pursuant
  to subsection (a)(2).
SEC. 108. REPORT ON SATELLITE CAPABILITIES FOR FISHERIES ENFORCEMENT.
  Not later than 6 months after the date of the enactment of this Act, the
  Under Secretary of Commerce for Oceans and Atmosphere, in consultation
  with the heads of other Federal agencies, shall prepare and submit to the
  House of Representatives and the Senate a report describing how current
  and planned satellite capabilities of the Federal Government can aid
  in the enforcement of Federal fisheries laws and the implementation of
  international fisheries conservation programs.
SEC. 109. COOPERATIVE INSTITUTE OF FISHERIES OCEANOGRAPHY.
  (a) ESTABLISHMENT- There is established within the National Oceanic and
  Atmospheric Administration a Cooperative Institute of Fisheries Oceanography
  (hereinafter in this section referred to as the `Institute'), in partnership
  with Duke University and the Consolidated University of North Carolina.
  (b) AUTHORIZATION- There are authorized to be appropriated to the Secretary
  not more than $500,000 for fiscal year 1991, to remain available until
  expended, for use for activities of the Institute.
  (c) USE OF AMOUNTS APPROPRIATED- Amounts appropriated under the authority
  of subsection (b) may be used for--
  (1) administration of the Institute;
  (2) research conducted by the Institute; and
  (3) preparation of a 5-year plan for research and for development of
  the Institute.
  (d) REPORT- Within one year after the date of the enactment of this Act, the
  Institute shall submit to the Congress and the Under Secretary of Commerce
  for Oceans and Atmosphere, the plan developed pursuant to subsection (c)(3).
SEC. 110. NATIONAL ESTUARINE RESEARCH RESERVE SYSTEM.
  (a) ESTABLISHMENT OF SYSTEM- There is established the National Estuarine
  Research Reserve System (hereinafter in this section referred to as the
  `System'), consisting of--
  (1) each estuarine sanctuary designated under section 315 of the Coastal
  Zone Management Act of 1972, as in effect before the date of the enactment
  of the Coastal Zone Management Reauthorization Act of 1985; and
  (2) each estuarine area designated as a national estuarine research reserve
  under subsection (b).
Each estuarine sanctuary referred to in paragraph (1) is hereby designated
as a national estuarine research reserve.
  (b) DESIGNATION OF NATIONAL ESTUARINE RESEARCH RESERVES- The Under Secretary
  of Commerce for Oceans and Atmosphere (hereafter in this section referred
  to as the `Under Secretary') may designate an estuarine area as a national
  estuarine research reserve if--
  (1) the area constitutes, to the extent feasible, a natural unit which
  can be set aside to provide scientists and students the opportunity to
  examine over a period of time the ecological relationship within the area;
  (2) the Governor of the coastal State in which the area is located nominates
  the area for that designation; and
  (3) the Under Secretary finds that--
  (A) the area is a representative estuarine ecosystem that is suitable for
  long-term monitoring and research and contributes to the biogeographical
  and typological balance of the System;
  (B) the laws of the coastal State provide long-term protection for reserve
  resources to ensure a stable environment for research;
  (C) designation of the area as a reserve will serve to enhance public
  awareness and understanding of estuarine areas, and provide suitable
  opportunities for public education and interpretation; and
  (D) the coastal State in which the area is located has complied with the
  requirements of any regulations issued by the Under Secretary to implement
  this section.
  (c) ESTUARINE RESEARCH GUIDELINE- The Under Secretary shall develop
  guidelines for the conduct of research within the System that shall include
  the following:
  (1) IDENTIFYING PRIORITIES- A mechanism for identifying and establishing
  priorities among the coastal management issues that should be addressed
  through coordinated research within the System.
  (2) RESEARCH OBJECTIVES- The establishment of common research principles and
  objectives to guide the development of research programs within the System.
  (3) COMMON METHODS- The identification of uniform research methodologies
  which will ensure comparability of data, the broadest application of
  research results, and the maximum use of the System for research purposes.
  (4) MONITORING- The conduct of monitoring activities within the System,
  including the monitoring of physical, chemical, and biological parameters
  and criteria associated with the estuarine ecosystem.
  (5) STANDARDS- The establishment of performance standards by which the
  effectiveness of the research efforts and the value of reserves within
  the System may be measured in addressing and coastal management issues
  identified in paragraph (1).
  (6) OUTSIDE FUNDING SOURCES- The consideration of sources of funds for
  estuarine research in addition to amounts authorized under this title,
  and strategies for encouraging the use of these funds within the System,
  with particular emphasis on mechanisms established under subsection (d).
In developing the guidelines under this subsection, the Under Secretary
shall consult with prominent members of the estuarine research community.
  (d) PROMOTION AND COORDINATION OF ESTUARINE RESEARCH- The Under Secretary
  shall take such action as is necessary to promote and coordinate the use
  of the System for research purposes, including the following:
  (1) DATA MANAGEMENT- Developing a data base accessible to the public
  for information derived from monitoring and research activities within
  the System.
  (2) TECHNICAL TRANSFER- Providing for the exchange of information and data
  among national estuarine research reserves and between the reserves and
  estuarine and coastal resource managers.
  (3) PRIORITY CONSIDERATION- Requiring the Department of Commerce, in
  conducting or supporting estuarine research, to give priority consideration
  to research that uses the System.
  (4) PROMOTING RESEARCH- Consulting with other Federal and State agencies
  to promote use by such agencies of one or more national estuarine research
  reserves within the System when conducting estuarine research.
  (e) EDUCATION- The Under Secretary shall--
  (1) develop guidelines providing for education activities in national
  estuarine research reserves;
  (2) promote the use of national estuarine research reserves by educational
  institutions and by programs of the United States Department of Education;
  and
  (3) establish and implement a program to exchange educational information
  throughout the System.
  (f) FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE-
  (1) IN GENERAL- The Under Secretary may, in accordance with such rules
  and regulations as the Under Secretary shall promulgate, make grants--
  (A) to a coastal State entity--
  (i) to acquire lands and waters, and any property interests therein,
  necessary to ensure the appropriate long-term management of an area as a
  national estuarine research reserve,
  (ii) to operate or manage a national estuarine research reserve and to
  construct appropriate reserve facilities, or
  (iii) for educational or interpretive activities; and
  (B) to any coastal State entity or public or private institution or person
  to support research and monitoring within a national estuarine research
  reserve that are consistent with the research guidelines developed under
  subsection (c).
  (2) TERMS AND CONDITIONS- Financial assistance provided under paragraph (1)
  shall be subject to any terms and conditions the Under Secretary considers
  necessary or appropriate to protect the interests of the United States,
  including requiring coastal States to execute suitable title documents
  setting forth the property interests of the United States in any lands
  and waters acquired in whole or part with financial assistance under
  this section.
  (3) MATCHING FUNDS- (A) The amount of financial assistance provided under
  paragraph (1)(A)(i) for any one national estuarine research reserve may
  not exceed an amount equal to 50 percent of the costs of the lands, waters,
  and interests therein, or $6,000,000, whichever amount is less.
  (B) The amount of the financial assistance provided under paragraphs (1)(A)
  (ii) and (iii) and paragraph (1)(B) may not exceed 50 percent of the costs
  incurred to achieve the purposes described in those paragraphs with respect
  to a national estuarine research reserve.
  (C) For purposes of this section, the term `coastal State entity' means
  any legal entity established by legislative or executive act or order of
  a coastal State's government, including State universities, colleges,
  commissions, consortia, boards, or other institutions established for
  purposes, including research, education, or resource management.
  (g) Evaluation of System Performance-
  (1) IN GENERAL- The Under Secretary shall periodically evaluate the
  operation and management of each national estuarine research reserve,
  including educational and interpretive activities, and the research being
  conducted within the reserve.
  (2) SUSPENSION OF FUNDING- If evaluation under paragraph (1) reveals that
  the operations and management of national estuarine research reserve is
  deficient, or that the research being conducted within the reserve is
  not consistent with the research guidelines developed under subsection
  (c), the Under Secretary may suspend the eligibility of that reserve
  for financial assistance under subsection (f) until the deficiency or
  inconsistency is remedied.
  (3) WITHDRAWAL OF DESIGNATION- The Under Secretary may withdraw the
  designation of an estuarine area as a national estuarine research reserve
  if evaluation under paragraph (1) reveals that--
  (A) the basis for any of the findings made under subsection (b)(3) no
  longer exists; or
  (B) a substantial portion of the research conducted within the reserve,
  over a period of years, has not been consistent with the research guidelines
  developed under subsection (c).
  (h) REPORT- The Under Secretary shall issue to the House of Representatives
  and the Senate an annual report regarding--
  (1) new designations of national estuarine research reserves;
  (2) any expansion of existing national estuarine research reserves;
  (3) the status of the research program being conducted within the System; and
  (4) a summary of the evaluations made under subsection (g).
  (i) Cooperative Agreements and Donations-
  (1) COOPERATIVE AGREEMENTS- The Under Secretary may enter into cooperative
  agreements with any nonprofit organization or institution of higher
  learning--
  (A) to aid and promote interpretive, historical, scientific, and educational
  activities within any national estuarine research reserve; and
  (B) for the solicitation of private donations for the support of such
  activities.
  (2) DONATIONS- The Under Secretary may accept donations of funds, property,
  and services for use in designating and administering national estuarine
  research reserves under this section. Such donations shall be considered
  to be a gift or bequest to, or for the use of, the United States.
  (j) AUTHORIZATION- Out of the sums authorized by section 102(c), there are
  authorized to be appropriated for making grants under this section not to
  exceed $7,000,000 for fiscal year 1991, to remain available until expended.
  (k) UNOBLIGATED GRANTS- The amount of any grant, or portion of a grant,
  made to a State under this section which is not obligated by the State
  during the first fiscal year for which the grant was authorized, or during
  the next fiscal year thereafter, shall revert to the Under Secretary. The
  Under Secretary shall add the reverted amount to those funds available
  for grants under this section.
TITLE II--NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE
SEC. 201. OPERATIONS AND RESEARCH.
  (a) There are authorized to be appropriated to the Secretary to enable the
  National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration to carry out the operations
  and research duties of the National Weather Service, $310,406,000 for
  fiscal year 1991 and $321,090,000 for fiscal year 1992. Such duties
  include meteorological, hydrological, and oceanographic public warnings
  and forecasts, as well as applied research in support of such warnings
  and forecasts, but do not include duties described in section 202.
  (b)(1) The Secretary shall direct the Office of the Chief Scientist of the
  National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration to establish an advisory
  committee of tropical cyclone research experts to make recommendations
  for Atlantic tropical cyclone research activities and Atlantic tropical
  cyclone reconnaissance procedures.
  (2) The Secretary, working jointly with other agencies as appropriate
  and utilizing the expertise of the advisory committee established under
  paragraph (1), shall establish a 5-year program for collecting operational
  and reconnaissance data, conducting research, and analyzing data on Atlantic
  tropical cyclones to assist the forecast and warning program and increase
  the understanding of the causes and behavior of Atlantic tropical cyclones.
  (3) Within 120 days after the date of enactment of this Act, the Secretary
  shall develop and submit to the Congress a management plan for the program
  established under paragraph (2) which shall include organizational structure,
  goals, major tasks, and funding profiles for the five year duration of
  the program.
  (c) Of the sums authorized under subsection (a) of this section, $500,000
  for fiscal year 1991 and $250,000 for fiscal year 1992 are authorized to be
  appropriated for the purposes of implementing subsection (b) of this section.
  (d) Of the sums authorized under subsection (a) of this section, $4,000,000
  for fiscal year 1991 and $3,000,000 for fiscal year 1992 are authorized
  to be appropriated for the Stormscale Operational and Research Meteorology
  (STORM) program.
SEC. 202. SYSTEMS ACQUISITION.
  There are authorized to be appropriated to the Secretary to enable the
  National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration to carry out the public
  warning and forecast systems duties of the National Weather Service,
  $132,100,000 for fiscal year 1991 and $113,100,000 for fiscal year 1992. Such
  duties include the development, acquisition, and implementation of major
  public warning and forecast systems.
SEC. 203. WEATHER SERVICE MODERNIZATION.
  (a) The Secretary shall prepare, after consultation, as appropriate, with
  other Federal and public agencies responsible for providing or utilizing
  weather services, and shall submit to Congress before the beginning of each
  fiscal year, an updated National Implementation Plan for the modernization
  of the National Weather Service. The National Implementation Plan updates
  shall include--
  (1) an overall schedule for modernization;
  (2) detailed requirements for new technologies, facilities, staffing levels,
  and funding during the next two fiscal years beginning after the date of
  such submission, in accordance with the overall schedule for modernization;
  (3) detailed plans and schedules for facility site procurement and
  preparation in accordance with the overall schedule for modernization;
  (4) special measures to test, evaluate, and demonstrate key elements
  of the modernized National Weather Service operations before national
  implementation, including a multistation operational demonstration which
  tests the performance of all components of the modernization in an integrated
  manner for a sustained period; and
  (5) detailed plans and funding requirements for meteorological research
  described in section 103 (a) through (c) of this Act to assure that new
  techniques in forecasting will be developed to utilize the new technologies
  being implemented in the modernization.
  (b) The Secretary shall include as part of the first update of the National
  Implementation Plan submitted under subsection (a) after the date of
  enactment of this Act, a description of the resources needed to conduct a
  demonstration of modernized weather forecasting technologies at a site in
  the northeastern United States. The description shall include a schedule
  for completion of the demonstration, estimates for necessary equipment and
  personnel, and an assessment of the value of conducting such a demonstration.
SEC. 204. CLOSURE, AUTOMATION, OR RELOCATION OF FIELD OFFICES.
  (a) The Secretary shall not close, consolidate, automate, or relocate
  any National Weather Service Office or National Weather Service Forecast
  Office unless the Secretary has certified to the Committee on Science,
  Space, and Technology of the House of Representatives and the Committee
  on Commerce, Science, and Transportation of the Senate that such action
  will not result in any degradation of weather services provided to the
  affected area. Such certification shall include--
  (1) a detailed comparison of services provided to the affected area and
  the services to be provided after such action;
  (2) any recent or expected modernization of National Weather Service
  operations which will enhance services in the affected area; and
  (3) evidence, based upon operational demonstration of modernized National
  Weather Service operations, which supports the conclusion that no degradation
  in services will result from such action.
  (b) The Secretary shall not close, consolidate, automate, or relocate any
  National Weather Service Office or National Weather Service Forecast Office
  located at an airport unless the Secretary first conducts an air safety
  appraisal to determine the effect of such action on aircraft safety, and
  includes in the certification required under subsection (a) a certification
  that such action will not result in a decrease in aircraft safety.
  (c) The Secretary shall not close, consolidate, automate, or relocate
  any National Weather Service Office which is the only office in a State,
  unless the Secretary first evaluates the effect on weather services provided
  to in-State users, such as State agencies, civil defense officials, and
  local public safety offices, and includes in the certification required
  under subsection (a) a certification that a comparable level of weather
  services provided to such in-State users will remain.
TITLE III--NATIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL SATELLITE, DATA, AND INFORMATION SERVICE
SEC. 301. SATELLITE OBSERVING SYSTEMS.
  (a) There are authorized to be appropriated to the Secretary to enable the
  National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration to carry out its satellite
  observing systems duties $324,055,000 for fiscal year 1991 and $241,789,000
  for fiscal year 1992. Such duties include spacecraft procurement, launch,
  and associated ground station system changes involving polar orbiting and
  geostationary environmental satellites and land remote sensing satellites,
  as well as the operation of such satellites.
  (b) The authorization provided for under subsection (a) of this section
  shall be in addition to funds authorized under the Land Remote-Sensing
  Commercialization Act of 1984 (15 U.S.C. 4201 et seq.) for the purpose of
  carrying out such duties relating to satellite observing systems.
  (c) Of the sums authorized under subsection (a) of this section, $250,000
  for fiscal year 1991 and $250,000 for fiscal year 1992 are authorized to be
  appropriated for geologic sea surface research and basic geologic remote
  sensing for energy resources at the Cooperative Institute for Applied
  Remote Sensing.
SEC. 302. ENVIRONMENTAL DATA MANAGEMENT.
  There are authorized to be appropriated to the Secretary to enable the
  National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration to fund those duties
  relating to data and information services, $31,200,000 for fiscal year
  1991 and $32,448,000 for fiscal year 1992. Such duties include climate data
  services, ocean data services, geophysical data services, and environmental
  assessment and information services.
SEC. 303. TRANSFER OF ARCHIVING RESPONSIBILITY FOR LAND REMOTE-SENSING DATA.
  (a) FINDINGS- The Congress finds that--
  (1) section 602 of the land Remote-Sensing Commercialization Act of 1984
  (15 U.S.C. 4272) directs the Secretary of Commerce to provide for the
  archiving of land remote-sensing data for historical, scientific, and
  technical purposes, including long-term global environmental monitoring;
  (2) the Secretary of Commerce currently provides for the archiving of
  Landsat data at the Department of the Interior's EROS Data Center, which
  is consistent with the requirement of such section 602(g) to use existing
  Federal Government facilities to the maximum extent practicable in carrying
  out this archiving responsibility;
  (3) the Landsat data collected since 1972 are an important global data
  set for monitoring and assessing land resources and global change;
  (4) the Secretary of the Interior maintains archives of aerial photography,
  digital cartographic data, and other Earth science data at the EROS Data
  Center that also are important data sets for monitoring and assessing land
  resources and global change;
  (5) it is appropriate to transfer authority for section 602 of the land
  Remote-Sensing Commercialization Act of 1984 to the Secretary of the
  Interior; and
  (6) the Secretary of the Interior should explore ways to facilitate the use
  of archiving data for research purposes consistent with other provisions
  of such Act.
  (b) AMENDMENTS- The Land Remote-Sensing Commercialization Act of 1984
  is amended--
  (1) in section 402(b)(4), by inserting `of the Interior' after `Secretary';
  (2) in sections 602 (b), (c), (d), (f), and (g), by inserting `of the
  Interior' after `Secretary' each place it appears; and
  (3) by adding at the end of section 602 the following new subsection:
  `(h) In carrying out the functions of this section, the Secretary of
  the Interior shall consult with the Secretary to ensure that archiving
  activities are consistent with the terms and conditions of any contract
  or agreement entered into under title II, III, or V of this Act and with
  any license issued under title IV of this Act.'.
TITLE IV--AGRICULTURAL WEATHER INFORMATION
SEC. 401. SHORT TITLE.
  This title may be cited as the `National Agricultural Weather Information
  System Act of 1990'.
SEC. 402. FINDINGS AND PURPOSES.
  (a) FINDINGS- Congress finds that--
  (1) a major cause of variability and losses in agricultural production is
  weather and climate factors;
  (2) extreme weather conditions, such as drought, appear to be occurring
  more frequently, and further climate changes are likely;
  (3) the Federal Government has repeatedly assumed responsibility for
  emergency aid to agricultural producers who suffer losses due to weather;
  (4) it would be prudent and cost effective to prevent or reduce agricultural
  losses due to weather factors through better use of weather and climate
  information;
  (5) current agricultural weather and climate information and its delivery
  to agricultural producers are not adequate; and
  (6) better application of weather and climate information will help
  conserve water resources, allow agricultural chemicals to be applied in
  a more efficient fashion with less stress on the environment, and reduce
  energy consumption by improved management decisionmaking.
  (b) PURPOSES- The purposes of this title are to--
  (1) provide a nationally coordinated agricultural weather information system,
  based on the participation of universities, State programs, Federal agencies,
  and the private weather consulting sector, and aimed at meeting the weather
  and climate information needs of agricultural producers;
  (2) facilitate the collection, organization, and dissemination of advisory
  weather and climate information relevant to agricultural producers,
  through the participation of the private sector and otherwise;
  (3) provide for research and education on agricultural weather and climate
  information, aimed at improving the quality and quantity of weather and
  climate information available to agricultural producers, including research
  on short-term forecasts of thunderstorms and on extended weather forecasting
  techniques and models;
  (4) encourage, where feasible, greater private sector participation
  in providing agricultural weather and climate information, to encourage
  private sector participation in educating and training farmers and others
  in the proper utilization of agricultural weather and climate information,
  and to strengthen their ability to provide site-specific weather forecasting
  for farmers and the agricultural sector in general; and
  (5) ensure that the weather and climate databases needed by the agricultural
  sector are of the highest scientific accuracy and thoroughly documented,
  and that such databases are easily accessible for remote computer access.
SEC. 403. AGRICULTURAL WEATHER OFFICE.
  (a) ESTABLISHMENT OF THE OFFICE AND ADMINISTRATION OF THE SYSTEM- The
  Secretary of Agriculture shall establish in the Department of Agriculture an
  Agricultural Weather Office to plan and administer the National Agricultural
  Weather Information System. The System shall be comprised of the Office
  established under this section and the activities of the State agricultural
  weather information systems described in section 406(b)(1).
  (b) AUTHORITY- The Secretary of Agriculture, acting through the Office, may--
  (1) enter into cooperative projects with the National Weather Service,
  for support of operational weather forecasting and observation useful
  in agriculture, for joint workshops to train agriculturalists about the
  optimum utilization of agricultural weather and climate data, for joint
  development of improved computer models and computing capacity, and for
  efforts to enhance the quality and availability of weather and climate
  information needed by agriculturalists;
  (2) obtain standardized weather observation data collected in near real
  time through State agricultural weather information systems;
  (3) provide, through the Cooperative State Research Service, competitive
  grants under section 405 for research in atmospheric sciences and
  climatology;
  (4) provide grants to eligible States under section 406 to plan and
  administer State agricultural weather information systems;
  (5) coordinate the activities of the Office with the weather and climate
  research activities of the Cooperative State Research Service, the National
  Academy of Sciences, the National Science Foundation Atmospheric Services
  Program, and the National Climate Program;
  (6) encourage private sector participation in the National Agricultural
  Weather Information System through mutually beneficial cooperation with
  the private sector, particularly in generating weather and climate data
  useful for site-specific agricultural weather forecasting; and
  (7) represent the Department of Agriculture on agrometeorology and climate
  matters with the World Meteorological Organization, the Intergovernmental
  Program on Climate Change, and relevant science and technology agreements.
  (c) APPOINTMENT OF DIRECTOR- The Secretary of Agriculture shall appoint
  a Director to manage the activities of the Agricultural Weather Office
  and to advise the Secretary of Agriculture on scientific and programmatic
  coordination for climate, weather, and remote sensing.
SEC. 404. NATIONAL ADVISORY BOARD ON AGRICULTURAL WEATHER.
  (a) ADVISORY BOARD-
  (1) The Secretary of Agriculture shall establish the Advisory Board on
  Agricultural Weather to advise the Director of the Agricultural Weather
  Office with respect to carrying out this title.
  (2) The Board shall have nine members, appointed by the Secretary of
  Agriculture in consultation with the Director of the National Weather
  Service, of which two members shall be from each of the four Cooperative
  Extension Service Regions. Of the two members from each region, one shall
  be an agricultural producer and one shall be an agricultural or atmospheric
  scientist. At least two members of the Board shall be appointed from among
  individuals who are engaged in providing private meteorology services or
  consulting with a private meteorology firm.
  (3) The Board shall elect a chairperson from among its members.
  (4) Each board member shall be appointed for a three year term, except that
  to ensure that members of the Board serve staggered terms, the Secretary
  of Agriculture shall appoint three of the original members of the Board to
  appointments for one year, and three of the original members to appointments
  for two years.
  (5) The Board shall meet not less than twice annually.
  (6) Members of the Board shall serve without compensation, but while
  away from their homes or regular places of business in the performance
  of services for the Board, members of the Board shall be allowed travel
  expenses, including a per diem allowance in lieu of subsistence, in the
  same manner as individuals employed in Government service are allowed
  travel expenses under section 5703 of title 5, United States Code.
  (b) FEDERAL ADVISORY COMMITTEE ACT- Section 14(a)(2) of the Federal
  Advisory Committee Act (5 U.S.C. App. 2 section 14(a)(2)) shall not apply
  with respect to the Board.
SEC. 405. COMPETITIVE GRANTS PROGRAM.
  (a) Grants- With funds allocated to carry out this section, the
  Secretary of Agriculture may make grants, on a competitive basis, to
  State agricultural experiment stations, all colleges and universities,
  other research institutions and organizations, Federal agencies, private
  organizations and corporations, and individuals to carry out research
  in all aspects of atmospheric sciences and climatology that can be shown
  to be important in both a basic and developmental way to understanding,
  forecasting, and delivering agricultural weather information.
  (b) PRIORITY- In selecting among applications for grants under subsection
  (a), the Secretary of Agriculture shall give priority to proposals which
  emphasize--
  (1) techniques and processes that relate to weather-induced agricultural
  losses, and to improving the advisory information on weather extremes
  such as drought, floods, freezes, and storms well in advance of their
  actual occurrence;
  (2) improvement of site-specific weather data collection and forecasting; or
  (3) impact of weather on economic and environmental costs in agricultural
  production.
SEC. 406. STATE AGRICULTURAL WEATHER INFORMATION SYSTEMS.
  (a) Grants-
  (1) With funds allocated to carry out this section, the Secretary of
  Agriculture shall make grants to not fewer than 10 eligible States to
  plan and administer, in cooperation with the Director of the Agricultural
  Weather Office, the Administrator of the Cooperative Extension Service,
  the Administrator of the Cooperative State Research Service, and others as
  appropriate (such as the directors of the appropriate State agricultural
  experiment stations and State extension programs), advisory programs for
  State agricultural weather information systems.
  (2) For purposes of selecting among applications submitted by States for
  such grants, the Secretary of Agriculture shall take into consideration the
  recommendation of the Advisory Board on Agricultural Weather and consult
  with the Director.
  (3) In selecting among applications submitted for such grants, the Secretary
  of Agriculture shall ensure equitable geographic distribution.
  (b) ELIGIBILITY TO RECEIVE GRANTS- To be eligible to receive a grant under
  subsection (a), the chief executive officer of a State shall submit to
  the Secretary of Agriculture an application that contains--
  (1) assurances that the State will expend such grant to plan and administer
  a State agricultural weather system that will--
  (A) collect observational weather data throughout the State and provide such
  data to the National Weather Service and the Agricultural Weather Office;
  (B) develop methods for packaging information received from the National
  System for use by agricultural products (with State extension services
  and the private sector to serve as the primary conduit of agricultural
  weather forecasts and climatic information to producers); and
  (C) develop programs to educate agricultural producers on how to best use
  weather and climate information to improve management decisions; and
  (2) other assurances and information as the Secretary of Agriculture may
  require by rule.
SEC. 407. FUNDING.
  (a) ALLOCATION OF FUNDS- Not less than 15 percent and not more than 25
  percent of the funds appropriated for a fiscal year to carry out this title
  shall be used for cooperative work with the National Weather Service entered
  into under section 403(b)(1). Not less than 15 percent and not more than 25
  percent of the funds shall be used by the Cooperative State Research Program
  for a competitive grants program under section 405. Not less than 25 percent
  and not more than 35 percent of the funds shall be divided equally between
  the participating States under section 406. The remaining funds shall be
  allocated for use by the Agricultural Weather Office and the Cooperative
  Extension Service in carrying out generally the provisions of this title.
  (b) LIMITATIONS ON USE OF FUNDS- Funds provided under the authority of
  this title shall not be used for the construction of facilities. Each
  State or agency receiving funds shall not use more than 30 percent of such
  funds for equipment purchases. Any use of the funds in facilitating the
  distribution of agricultural and climate information to producers shall
  be done with consideration for the role that the private meteorological
  sector can play in such information delivery.
  (c) AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS- There are authorized to be appropriated
  $5,000,000 for each of the fiscal years 1991 and 1992 to carry out this
  title.
TITLE V--TROPICAL CYCLONE RESEARCH PROGRAM
SEC. 501. SHORT TITLE.
  This title may be cited as the `Tropical Cyclone Research Act of 1990'.
SEC. 502. FINDINGS.
  The Congress finds that--
  (1) many areas of the United States, including those bordering the Atlantic
  Ocean and Gulf of Mexico, rely on data provided by the Department of Defense
  through the Air Force WC-130 weather reconnaissance aircraft to predict
  the intensity, speed, and direction of movement of tropical cyclones,
  including hurricanes and tropical storms;
  (2) these same areas also rely on data collected by the Department of
  Commerce through the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration's
  satellite, radar, aircraft, and buoy technologies to predict tropical
  cyclone behavior and to conduct research on improving forecasts and warnings;
  (3) satellites, including the Geostationary Operational Environmental
  Satellites, are an important source of tropical cyclone information,
  but they cannot provide the same quality of information as is supplied by
  weather reconnaissance aircraft;
  (4) there is currently only one Geostationary Operational Environmental
  Satellite positioned over the United States and the loss of its ability
  to collect data would severely restrict tropical cyclone information
  gathering; and
  (5) a vigorous research program in tropical cyclone behavior and forecasting
  is important if the accuracy of prediction of tropical cyclones is to be
  significantly improved.
SEC. 503. ESTABLISHMENT OF PROGRAM.
  The Secretary of Defense and the Secretary of Commerce shall establish a
  five-year joint program which expands the plan established in section 201(b)
  for collecting operational and reconnaissance data, conducting research,
  and analyzing data on tropical cyclones to assist the forecast and warning
  program and increase the understanding of the causes and behavior of
  tropical cyclones.
SEC. 504. RESPONSIBILITIES.
  (a) The Secretary of Defense shall have the responsibility for maintaining,
  flying, and funding tropical cyclone reconnaissance aircraft to accomplish
  the program established under section 201(b)(2) and to transfer the data
  to the Secretary of Commerce, unless a joint agreement is reached, with
  the approval of both the transfer of such responsibility to an appropriate
  Federal agency or department.
  (b) The Secretary of Commerce shall have the responsibility of funding and
  carrying out data gathering and research by remote sensing, ground sensing,
  and other technologies necessary to accomplish the program established
  under section 503.
SEC. 505. MANAGEMENT PLANS.
  (a) The Secretary of Defense and the Secretary of Commece shall jointly
  develop, and, within 120 days after the date of enactment of this Act, submit
  to the Congress, a management plan for the program established under section
  503 and section 201(b), which shall include organizational structure, goals,
  major tasks, and funding profiles for the five-year duration of the program.
  (b) The Secretary of Defense and the Secretary of Commerce shall jointly
  develop, and, within four years after the date of enactment of this Act,
  submit to the Congress, a management plan providing for continued tropical
  cyclone surveillance and reconnaissance which will adequately protect the
  citizens of the coastal areas of the United States.
  (c) The management plan and program shall provide for a minimum of the same
  level and quality of protection as the current tropical cyclone surveillance
  and reconnaissance program. The management plan and program shall in no
  way allow any reduction in the level, quality, timeliness, sustainability
  and area served, including the Hawaiian Islands, of both the existing
  principal and backup severe storm reconnaissance and tracking systems.
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