Text: H.R.4342 — 101st Congress (1989-1990)All Information (Except Text)

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HR 4342 IH
101st CONGRESS
2d Session
 H. R. 4342
Recognizing the importance of the domestic fruit and vegetable industry in
United States farm policy, and the importance of fruits and vegetables to
the diets of the American people; requiring the Secretary of Agriculture to
conduct a study of the domestic fruit and vegetable industry; and amending
the Perishable Agricultural Commodities Act.
IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES
March 21, 1990
Mr. LEWIS of Florida (for himself, Mr. HATCHER, Mr. EMERSON, Mr. GRANT,
and Mr. PANETTA) introduced the following bill; which was referred to the
Committee on Agriculture
A BILL
Recognizing the importance of the domestic fruit and vegetable industry in
United States farm policy, and the importance of fruits and vegetables to
the diets of the American people; requiring the Secretary of Agriculture to
conduct a study of the domestic fruit and vegetable industry; and amending
the Perishable Agricultural Commodities Act.
  Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United
  States of America in Congress assembled,
SECTION 1. FINDINGS.
  (a) FINDINGS- Congress finds that--
  (1) fruits, vegetables, and specialty crops are a vital and important
  source of nutrition for the general health and welfare of the people of
  the United States;
  (2) fruits and vegetables are recommended as an essential part of a
  healthy, nutritious diet by numerous health organizations including the
  Surgeon General of the United States; the National Institute of Health;
  the National Cancer Institute; the American Heart Association; the National
  Academy of Sciences, Committee on Diet, Nutrition and Cancer; the United
  States Department of Agriculture; and the United States Department of
  Health and Human Services.
SEC. 2. PURPOSES.
  The purposes of this Act are to--
  (1) improve the Nation's dietary and nutritional standards by promoting
  domestically produced wholesome and nutritious fruit and vegetable products;
  (2) increase the public awareness as to the difficulties domestic producers
  experience regarding the production, harvesting, and marketing of these
  products, and;
  (3) aid in the development of new technology and techniques that will
  assist domestic producers in meeting the challenges of increased demands
  for fruit and vegetable production in the future.
SEC. 3. DECLARATION.
  It is declared that the domestic production of fruits and vegetables is
  a keystone of this Nation's farm policy.
SEC. 4. STUDY OF THE FRUIT AND VEGETABLE INDUSTRY.
  (a)(1) The Secretary of Agriculture shall conduct a study to determine the
  current state of the domestic fruit and vegetable industry. In conducting
  such study, the Secretary of Agriculture shall consult with such agencies
  or departments, as determined necessary by the Secretary of Agriculture,
  including, but not limited to, the Environmental Protection Agency,
  the Department of Health and Human Services, the Department of Commerce,
  the Department of Labor, and the Department of Education.
  (2) Such study shall include the following items:
  (A) A review of the availability of an adequate labor supply for maintaining
  and harvesting of fruits and vegetables.
  (B) A review of the availability of crop insurance or disaster assistance
  for fruit and vegetable producers.
  (C) A review of scientific and technological advances in the areas of
  genetics, biotechnology, integrated pest management, postharvest protection,
  or other scientific developments related to the production and marketing
  of fruits and vegetables.
  (D) An examination of the availability of safe and effective chemicals
  for use in the production of fruits and vegetables.
  (E) A review of the requirements and cost of labeling of fruits and
  vegetables, and the benefit of labeling of these products.
  (F) A review of Federal educational programs that teach the importance of
  fruits and vegetables to a proper diet.
  (b) The Secretary of Agriculture shall submit to the Congress the results
  of the study described in paragraph (a) not later than eighteen months
  from the date of the enactment of this legislation.
SEC. 5. AMENDMENT TO THE PERISHABLE AGRICULTURAL COMMODITIES ACT.
  Section 3(b) of the Perishable Agricultural Commodities Act (7 U.S.C. 499c)
  is amended by--
  (1) striking `: Provided, That the' and inserting the following: `. Any
  reserve funds in the Perishable Agricultural Commodities Act Fund may be
  invested by the Secretary of Agriculture in insured or fully-collateralized
  interest-bearing accounts or, at the discretion of the Secretary of
  Agriculture, by the Secretary of the Treasury in United States Government
  debt instruments. Any interest earned on such reserve funds shall be
  credited to the Perishable Agricultural Commodities Act Fund and shall be
  available for the same purposes as the fees deposited in such fund. The'; and
  (2) striking `: Provided further, That financial' and inserting
  `. Financial'.
SEC. 6. ENFORCEMENT OF HANDLER ASSESSMENTS.
  Section 8c(14) of the Agricultural Marketing Agreement Act of 1937 (7
  U.S.C. 608c(14)) is amended--
  (1) in subparagraph (A) by--
  (A) striking `: Provided, That if' and inserting `. If'; and
  (B) striking `(other than a provision calling for payment of a pro rata
  share of expenses)'; and
  (2) in subparagraph (B) by striking `(other than a provision calling for
  payment of a pro rata share of expenses)'.