Text: H.R.4621 — 101st Congress (1989-1990)All Information (Except Text)

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HR 4621 IH
101st CONGRESS
2d Session
 H. R. 4621
To alleviate homelessness, reduce housing cost burdens, and increase housing
opportunities for low-income families, and for other purposes.
IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES
April 25, 1990
Mr. FLAKE (for himself, Mr. GRAY, Mr. FRANK, Mr. MFUME, Mr. BRENNAN,
Mr. TORRES, Mr. DELLUMS, Mr. ACKERMAN, Mr. RANGEL, Mr. HAYES of Illinois,
Mr. COLEMAN of Texas, Mr. FAUNTROY, Mr. LEWIS of Georgia, Mr. WALGREN,
Mr. TOWNS, Mr. SERRANO, Mr. DE LUGO, Mr. DIXON, Mrs. LOWEY of New York,
Mr. PAYNE of New Jersey, Mr. ESPY, Mr. OWENS of New York, Mr. ENGEL,
Mr. NEAL of Massachusetts, Mr. FORD of Tennessee, Mr. COYNE, Mr. FOGLIETTA,
Mr. BUSTAMANTE, Mr. SOLARZ, Mr. SIKORSKI, Mr. EDWARDS of California,
Ms. OAKAR, Mr. MCDERMOTT, Mr. TRAFICANT, Mr. THOMAS A. LUKEN, Mr. CARPER,
Mr. WOLPE, Mr. CLAY, Mr. MCHUGH, Mr. STOKES, Mr. SAVAGE, Ms. PELOSI, Mr. WEISS,
Mrs. BOXER, Ms. SCHNEIDER, Mr. DYMALLY, Mr. WHEAT, and Mr. KENNEDY) introduced
the following bill; which was referred to the Committee on Banking, Finance
and Urban Affairs
A BILL
To alleviate homelessness, reduce housing cost burdens, and increase housing
opportunities for low-income families, and for other purposes.
  Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United
  States of America in Congress assembled,
SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE AND TABLE OF CONTENTS.
  (a) SHORT TITLE- This Act may be cited as the `Mickey Leland Peace Dividend
  Housing Assistance Act of 1990'.
  (b) TABLE OF CONTENTS-
Sec. 1. Short title and table of contents.
Sec. 2. Statement of purpose.
TITLE I--HOUSING FOR LOW-INCOME FAMILIES
Sec. 101. Increased budget authority for section 8 existing housing
certificates.
Sec. 102. Tenant selection criteria.
Sec. 103. Semiannual reports.
TITLE II--COMMUNITY HOUSING PARTNERSHIP
Sec. 201. Short title.
Sec. 202. Findings and purpose.
Subtitle A--Housing Education and Organizational Support Grants for Community
Based Housing Projects
Sec. 211. Program authority.
Sec. 212. Eligible activities.
Subtitle B--Community Housing Partnership Grants
Sec. 221. Program authority.
Sec. 222. Distribution and allocation of community housing partnership funds.
Sec. 223. Eligible activities.
Sec. 224. Eligible projects.
Subtitle C--General Provisions
Sec. 231. Definitions.
Sec. 232. Community and resident participation plan.
Sec. 233. Limitation on grant amounts.
Sec. 234. Nondisplacement.
Sec. 235. Affirmative action requirement.
Sec. 236. Regulations.
Sec. 237. Authorization of appropriations.
TITLE III--RECYCLING OF EXISTING FEDERAL ASSETS
Sec. 301. Short title.
Sec. 302. Authority to make grants to States.
Sec. 303. State revolving funds.
Sec. 304. Affordable rental housing requirements.
Sec. 305. Eligible properties.
Sec. 306. Listing of eligible properties.
Sec. 307. Other property disposal laws.
Sec. 308. Reports.
Sec. 309. Definitions.
Sec. 310. Affirmative action requirement.
Sec. 311. Regulations.
Sec. 312. Authorization of appropriations.
TITLE IV--PUBLIC HOUSING DEVELOPMENT AND MODERNIZATION
Sec. 401. Increase of budget authority.
Sec. 402. Public housing tenant selection criteria.
TITLE V--GRANTS FOR PRESERVATION OF EXISTING HOUSING AND SECURITY IN PUBLIC
HOUSING
Sec. 501. Grants for acquisition and rehabilitation.
Sec. 502. Training and technical assistance grants.
Sec. 503. Security grants.
Sec. 504. Authorization of appropriations.
TITLE VI--RURAL HOUSING PROGRAM FUNDING
Sec. 601. Increased authority for rural housing loan programs.
Sec. 602. Increased budget authority for rural housing assistance programs.
Sec. 603. Program extensions.
TITLE VII--SUPPORTIVE SERVICES
Sec. 701. Supportive services in federally assisted housing.
TITLE VIII--SINGLE ROOM OCCUPANCY HOUSING FOR HOMELESS FAMILIES AND INDIVIDUALS
Sec. 801. Section 8 assistance for single room occupancy dwellings.
TITLE IX--MISCELLANEOUS
Sec. 901. Nondiscrimination.
Sec. 902. GAO audit.
Sec. 903. GAO report to Congress.
SEC. 2. STATEMENT OF PURPOSE.
  The purposes of this Act are--
  (1) to restore funding levels for Federal housing programs to the amounts
  provided for such programs in the late 1970's;
  (2) to alleviate homelessness, reduce housing cost burdens, and increase
  housing opportunities for lower income and very low-income families; and
  (3) to meet the housing needs of all families in the United States by the
  year 2000 by making housing assistance available to all families that are
  eligible to receive such assistance.
TITLE I--HOUSING FOR LOW-INCOME FAMILIES
SEC. 101. INCREASED BUDGET AUTHORITY FOR SECTION 8 EXISTING HOUSING
CERTIFICATES.
  (a) INCREASE OF BUDGET AUTHORITY- The budget authority available under
  section 5(c) of the United States Housing Act of 1937 (42 U.S.C. 1437c(c))
  for assistance under section 8(b)(1) of such Act is authorized to be
  increased by--
  (1) $4,100,000,000 on or after October 1, 1990;
  (2) $5,200,000,000 on or after October 1, 1991;
  (3) $11,800,000,000 on or after October 1, 1992;
  (4) $14,900,000,000 on or after October 1, 1993; and
  (5) $26,700,000,000 on or after October 1, 1994.
  (b) 5-YEAR CONTRACTS- The amounts made available under this section
  shall only be available for annual contributions contracts of 60-months
  in duration.
  (c) USE OF FUNDS FOR NEW CONTRACTS- The amounts made available under this
  section may not be used to renew or extend any expiring annual contributions
  contract under section 8 of the Housing Act of 1937.
SEC. 102. TENANT SELECTION CRITERIA.
  (a) TENANT SELECTION PREFERENCE GROUPS-
  (1) IN GENERAL- Section 8(d)(1)(A) of the United States Housing Act of 1937
  (42 U.S.C. 1437f(d)(1)(A)) is amended by striking `(i)' the first place
  it appears and all that follows through `section; and' and inserting the
  following: `(i) the tenant selection criteria used by the owner shall give
  preference to families that occupy substandard or overcrowded housing, are
  paying more than 50 percent of family income for housing costs (including
  utilities), have an income that does not exceed 50 percent of the median
  income for the area (as determined by the Secretary), or are homeless or
  in imminent danger of becoming homeless because of eviction, deteriorated
  housing, domestic violence, or any other involuntary action at the time
  they are seeking assistance under this section;'.
  (2) INAPPLICABILITY TO FAMILIES ON WAITING LISTS- The amendment made by
  paragraph (1) shall not apply with respect to--
  (A) any family for which a commitment for assistance under section 8 of
  the United States Housing Act of 1937 has been made on or before the date
  of the enactment of this Act; or
  (B) any family that has applied for, not received, and been placed on a
  waiting list for assistance under such section on or before the date of
  the enactment of this Act.
  (3) SAVINGS PROVISION- The preferences for selection of tenants in section
  8(d)(1)(A) of the United States Housing Act of 1937, as such section
  existed before the date of the enactment of this Act, shall apply with
  respect to any family that has applied for, not received, and been placed
  on a waiting list for such assistance.
  (b) DURATION OF PREFERENCE- Section 8(d)(1)(A) of the United States Housing
  Act of 1937 (42 U.S.C. 1437f(d)(1)(A)) is amended by inserting after the
  semicolon at the end the following: `and (iii) in giving preferences as
  established in clause (i) during any fiscal year, any family that qualifies
  for such a preference may be given preference only during such year and
  qualification of families for preferences shall be reevaluated upon the
  commencement of the following fiscal year;'.
SEC. 103. SEMIANNUAL REPORTS.
  (a) IN GENERAL- The Secretary of Housing and Urban Development shall
  submit to the Congress a report under this section, not less than once
  every 6 months, regarding the cost of providing housing for all lower
  income families.
  (b) CONTENTS- Each semiannual report under this section shall include--
  (1) an estimate of the cost of providing housing assistance under section
  8 of the United States Housing Act of 1937 for the reporting period and
  cumulatively for the fiscal year, including any administrative costs
  associated with providing the assistance;
  (2) a statement of the number of families requesting and eligible for such
  assistance during the reporting period and cumulatively for the fiscal year;
  (3) a statement of the number of families certified for assistance during
  the reporting period and cumulatively for the fiscal year;
  (4) a statement of the amount expended, during the reporting period and
  cumulatively for the fiscal year, for assistance under section 8 of the
  United States Housing Act of 1937;
  (5) a statement of whether, in the determination of the Secretary, amounts
  available for providing such assistance will provide sufficient amounts
  for such assistance for all families requesting and eligible for such
  assistance; and
  (6) an estimate of any additional amounts that will be necessary to provide
  such assistance for each family requesting and eligible for such assistance.
  (c) SUBMISSION- Reports under this section shall be submitted not later
  than the expiration of the 90-day period beginning upon the conclusion of
  the reporting period.
  (d) REPORTING PERIOD- For purposes of this section, the term `reporting
  period' means the 6-month period with respect to which the information in
  a report under this section pertains.
  (e) AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS- There are authorized to be appropriated
  such sums as may be necessary to carry out this section for each of fiscal
  years 1991, 1992, 1993, 1994, and 1995.
TITLE II--COMMUNITY HOUSING PARTNERSHIP
SEC. 201. SHORT TITLE.
  This title may be cited as the `Community Housing Partnership Act'.
SEC. 202. FINDINGS AND PURPOSE.
  (a) FINDINGS- The Congress finds that--
  (1) the goals of the Federal housing laws, set out in the Housing Act
  of 1949 and reaffirmed in the Housing and Urban Development Act of 1968,
  are to provide affordable, decent, safe, and sanitary living environments
  for all Americans;
  (2) there is an increasing number of Americans whose living environments
  have deteriorated over the past several years as a result of reductions
  in Federal assistance to low- and moderate-income families;
  (3) many Americans face the possibility of homelessness unless Federal,
  State, and local governments work together with the private sector to develop
  and rehabilitate the housing stock of the Nation to provide affordable,
  safe, decent, and sanitary housing for low- and moderate-income families;
  (4) in order to fulfill the goals of the Federal housing laws, there is
  a need to develop a cost-effective community based housing development
  program under which--
  (A) the rents charged to tenants will be based on the cost of the
  construction and management of the housing and not upon prevailing market
  conditions; and
  (B) the Federal, State, and local investment in low- and moderate-income
  housing will be preserved to ensure continuity of providing housing for low-
  and moderate-income families in perpetuity;
  (5) an increasing number of States and cities have been successful in
  producing cost-effective low- and moderate-income housing by working in
  partnership with local community-based nonprofit sponsors, such as community
  development corporations, neighborhood housing services, trade unions,
  groups sponsored by religious organizations, limited equity cooperatives,
  and other tenant organizations;
  (6) during the 1980's, the nonprofit sector has, despite severe obstacles
  caused by inadequate funding, played an increasingly important role in the
  production and rehabilitation of affordable housing in communities across
  the Nation;
  (7) nonprofit sponsors need technical skills and financial resources to
  develop housing programs and otherwise assist low- and moderate-income
  families; and
  (8) the success of housing development programs depends upon tenants and
  homeowners being fiscally responsible and able managers.
  (b) PURPOSE- It is the purpose of this title--
  (1) to develop affordable, safe, decent, and sanitary housing for low-
  and moderate-income families in a cost-effective manner--
  (A) by providing funding to cities and States to be used to maintain the
  low- and moderate-income housing stock and to make new construction and
  substantial rehabilitation projects feasible;
  (B) by encouraging the development and management of housing projects by
  nonprofit community based organizations such as community development
  corporations, neighborhood housing services, trade unions, groups
  sponsored by religious organizations, limited equity cooperatives, and
  tenant organizations; and
  (C) by encouraging matching funds from private entities and State and local
  governments to assist in the development of low- and moderate-income housing;
  (2) to ensure that Federal investment in low- and moderate-income housing--
  (A) produces housing stock that is available to low- and moderate-income
  tenants at a cost based on the cost of the construction and management of
  the housing rather than the higher market rates; and
  (B) remains available to serve low- and moderate-income families in
  perpetuity;
  (3) as one part of a more comprehensive housing program (including the
  for-profit private sector and public housing agencies and organizations)
  needed to meet the housing goals of the Nation, to help to steadily expand
  the development capacity of the nonprofit sector so that it can play an
  increasing role in the construction, rehabilitation, and preservation of
  affordable housing;
  (4) to encourage potential nonprofit sponsors to develop the necessary
  capabilities and resources to undertake the housing development programs
  contemplated in subtitle B; and
  (5) to assist low- and moderate-income families to obtain the skills and
  knowledge necessary to become responsible homeowners and tenants.
Subtitle A--Housing Education and Organizational Support Grants for Community
Based Housing Projects
SEC. 211. PROGRAM AUTHORITY.
  In order to facilitate the education of low- and moderate-income homeowners
  and tenants and to promote the ability of nonprofit sponsors to maintain,
  rehabilitate, and construct housing for rental or ownership by low- and
  moderate-income families, the Secretary of Housing and Urban Development
  may provide housing education and organizational support grants--
  (1) to eligible cities and States to assist nonprofit sponsors and nonprofit
  organizations; and
  (2) directly to nonprofit sponsors and nonprofit organizations.
SEC. 212. ELIGIBLE ACTIVITIES.
  Grants made under this subtitle may be used only for the following eligible
  activities:
  (1) ORGANIZATIONAL SUPPORT GRANT- Organizational support grants shall be
  made by grant administrators to nonprofit sponsors to cover operational
  expenses and to cover expenses for training and technical, legal,
  engineering and other assistance to the board of directors, staff, and
  members of the nonprofit sponsor. Organizational support grants may not
  be provided under this subtitle for any project specific activity provided
  for in section 222(a).
  (2) HOUSING EDUCATION GRANT- Housing education grants shall be made
  by grant administrators to nonprofit organizations to cover expenses
  for providing or administering programs for educating, counseling, or
  organizing homeowners and tenants who are eligible to receive assistance
  under grants made pursuant to subtitle B.
Subtitle B--Community Housing Partnership Grants
SEC. 221. PROGRAM AUTHORITY.
  The Secretary may provide the following assistance under this subtitle
  to facilitate the maintenance, rehabilitation and construction of housing
  for low- and moderate-income families:
  (1) GRANTS TO CITIES AND STATES- Community housing partnership grants to
  eligible cities and States to assist nonprofit sponsors.
  (2) GRANTS AND LOANS TO NONPROFITS- Community housing partnership grants
  and loans directly to nonprofit sponsors.
SEC. 222. DISTRIBUTION AND ALLOCATION OF COMMUNITY HOUSING PARTNERSHIP FUNDS.
  (a) URBAN COMMUNITY HOUSING PARTNERSHIP GRANTS-
  (1) SHARE OF APPROPRIATED FUNDS- The Secretary shall allocate 60 percent
  of any amount appropriated for purposes of carrying out this subtitle
  for community housing partnership grants to metropolitan cities and urban
  counties.
  (2) APPORTIONMENT OF FUNDS-
  (A) USE OF CDBG FORMULA- Except as provided in subparagraph (B), amounts
  allocated under paragraph (1) for community housing partnership grants
  shall be apportioned to metropolitan cities and urban counties in the same
  manner as funds are apportioned under section 106(b) of the Housing and
  Community Development Act of 1974 (42 U.S.C. 5306(b)).
  (B) MINIMUM ALLOCATION- If the amount allotted in any year to any
  metropolitan city or urban county under paragraph (2) is less than $250,000,
  such city or county shall not receive a community housing partnership
  grant under this subsection. Such amount shall be distributed pro rata to
  the cities and counties otherwise receiving funding under subparagraph (A).
  (b) STATE COMMUNITY HOUSING PARTNERSHIP GRANTS-
  (1) SHARE OF APPROPRIATED FUNDS- The Secretary shall allocate 25 percent
  of any amount appropriated for purposes of carrying out this subtitle for
  community housing partnership grants to States for use in areas that do
  not receive a grant under subsection (a).
  (2) APPORTIONMENT OF FUNDS- Amounts allocated under paragraph (1) shall be
  apportioned among the States in the same manner as funds are apportioned
  under section 106(d) of the Housing and Community Development Act of 1974
  (42 U.S.C. 5306(d)).
  (c) DIRECT COMMUNITY HOUSING PARTNERSHIP GRANTS-
  (1) SHARE OF APPROPRIATED FUNDS- The Secretary shall allocate for community
  housing partnership grants to nonprofit sponsors 15 percent of any amount
  appropriated for this subtitle pursuant to the authorization contained in
  section 237.
  (2) DISTRIBUTION- The Secretary shall make grants to nonprofit sponsors
  from amounts allocated under paragraph (1), with priority given to any
  nonprofit sponsor--
  (A) that will provide services in an area where the local government or
  State concerned--
  (i) is unwilling or unable to participate in obtaining a grant under
  subsection (a) or (b); or
  (ii) is unable to provide matching funds; or
  (B) that proposes an innovative housing development.
  (3) DENIED APPLICANTS- The Secretary may make grants from amounts allocated
  under paragraph (1) to nonprofit sponsors that have applied to metropolitan
  cities and urban counties under subsection (a) or States under subsection
  (b) for assistance but have been denied assistance or have not been notified
  of the decision regarding such assistance within 90 days of filing the
  application for such assistance.
  (d) UNUSED FUNDS-
  (1) RESERVATION OR DISTRIBUTION TO PUBLIC AGENCY SPONSORS- A grant
  administrator other than the Secretary that has grant funds remaining at
  the end of the 12-month period beginning on the date the funds are received
  from the Secretary may reserve such unused funds for an additional 12-month
  period or make the funds available to any public agency that--
  (A) is willing to act as a nonprofit sponsor; and
  (B) otherwise fulfills the eligibility requirements.
  (2) REALLOCATION- A grant administrator other than the Secretary that has
  grant funds remaining at the end of the 24-month period beginning on the
  date the funds are received from the Secretary shall return such unused
  funds to the Secretary for reallocation under subsection (c).
SEC. 223. ELIGIBLE ACTIVITIES.
  (a) PROJECT SPECIFIC TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE AND SITE CONTROL LOANS-
  (1) IN GENERAL- A grant administrator may use funds from a grant received
  under section 222 to provide technical assistance and site control loans
  to nonprofit sponsors in the early stages of site development for an
  eligible project.
  (2) ALLOWABLE EXPENSES- A loan may be provided under paragraph (1)
  to cover project expenses necessary to determine project feasibility,
  including costs of an initial feasibility study, consulting fees, costs
  of preliminary financial applications, legal fees, architectural fees,
  engineering fees, and deposits to obtain options for site control.
  (3) REPAYMENT- A nonprofit sponsor that receives a loan under paragraph
  (1) shall repay the loan to the grant administrator from construction
  loan proceeds or other project income. The Secretary may waive repayment
  of the loan if there are impediments to project development.
  (b) PROJECT-SPECIFIC SEED MONEY LOANS-
  (1) IN GENERAL- Grant administrators may provide loans to nonprofit
  sponsors to cover preconstruction project expenses such as obtaining firm
  construction loan commitments, architectural plans and specifications,
  zoning approvals, engineering studies and legal fees.
  (2) ELIGIBLE NONPROFIT SPONSORS- A grant administrator may provide a loan
  under paragraph (1) only to a nonprofit sponsor who has, with respect to
  the project concerned, site control, a preliminary financial commitment,
  and a capable development team.
  (3) REPAYMENT- A nonprofit sponsor that receives a loan under paragraph
  (1) shall repay the loan to the grant administrator from construction
  loan proceeds or other project income. The grant administrator may waive
  repayment of the loan if there are impediments to project development.
  (c) PROJECT-SPECIFIC MATCHING GRANT OR LOAN-
  (1) IN GENERAL- A grant administrator may provide grants or loans to
  nonprofit sponsors or nonprofit sponsor partnerships to assist in the
  new construction or substantial rehabilitation of eligible projects. A
  grant or loan provided under the preceding sentence may be used to make
  a project feasible and to reduce rents or sales prices--
  (A) by buying down long-term mortgages;
  (B) by providing interest reduction payments;
  (C) by covering operating deficits;
  (D) by providing capital grants or deferred interest loans; or
  (E) by providing other assistance to support the rehabilitation,
  construction, and occupancy of the eligible project by low- and
  moderate-income families.
  (2) MATCHING REQUIREMENT- A grant administrator may not provide a grant
  or loan under this subsection unless the applicant, for every 3 dollars
  to be provided under the grant or loan, provides not less than 1 dollar
  of matching funds or commitments, on a present value basis, from--
  (A) the State or unit of general local government concerned (such as grants,
  tax abatements, subsidized loans, tax-exempt financing, or other local
  subsidy programs); or
  (B) a private foundation, financial institution, or other private association
  or organization (such as grants, below market loans, or syndication proceeds,
  or equity contributions).
  (d) PROGRAM-WIDE SUPPORT OF NONPROFIT DEVELOPMENT AND MANAGEMENT- Each
  grant administrator shall use not less than 5 percent of the funds received
  under the grant to provide to eligible nonprofit sponsors--
  (1) technical assistance and training; and
  (2) continuing support for managing and conserving properties developed
  under this subtitle.
  (e) USE OF AMOUNTS RECEIVED AS LOAN REPAYMENTS- Any grant administrator
  that receives amounts in repayment of loans made under this subtitle may
  use such amounts only to carry out the purposes of this subtitle.
SEC. 224. ELIGIBLE PROJECTS.
  (a) ELIGIBLE RENTAL HOUSING PROJECTS- In order to be eligible for a grant
  under section 222, the owner of a rental housing project shall agree to
  the following requirements:
  (1) TYPES OF PROJECTS- The project shall consist of--
  (A) multifamily rental housing (including limited equity cooperatives)
  structures that contain more than 4 independent dwelling units; or
  (B) single room occupancy structures that have a capacity of not less than
  4 persons (and may include the sharing of common eating and bath facilities).
  (2) OCCUPANCY BY LOWER INCOME FAMILIES- In the project--
  (A) at least--
  (i) 40 percent of the units shall be occupied, or available for occupancy
  by, lower income families with incomes of less than 60 percent of the area
  median income, adjusted for family size; or
  (ii) 20 percent of the units shall be occupied, or be available for occupancy
  by, lower income families with incomes of less than 50 percent of the area
  median income, adjusted for family size; and
  (B) at least 10 percent of the units shall be occupied, or available for
  occupancy by, lower income families with incomes of less than 30 percent
  of the area median income, adjusted for family size.
  (3) LIMITATION ON RENTAL PAYMENTS BY LOWER INCOME FAMILIES- In each project,
  tenants with incomes below 80 percent of the area median income shall not
  pay more than 30 percent of their monthly adjusted income toward monthly
  rental payments.
  (4) PROHIBITION ON ASSISTANCE TO NONLOWER INCOME FAMILIES- Assistance
  provided under this subtitle may not be used in any project to reduce
  rental payments for families with incomes above 80 percent of the area
  median income, adjusted for family size.
  (5) LOWER INCOME USE OF ASSISTANCE- Of the assistance provided under this
  subtitle for eligible rental projects, not less than--
  (A) 25 percent shall be used for lower income families with incomes of
  less than 30 percent of the area median income, adjusted for family size; and
  (B) 50 percent shall be used for lower income families with incomes of
  less than 60 percent of the area median income, adjusted for family size.
  (6) LIMITATION ON PROFITS- Aggregate monthly rental for each eligible project
  may not exceed the cost of operating the project (including debt service,
  management, adequate reserves, and other operating costs) plus a 6 percent
  return on the equity investment, if any, of the owner of the project.
  (7) PERIOD OF RESTRICTIONS- A project for which assistance is received
  under this subtitle shall comply with the requirements of paragraphs (2)
  and (3) in perpetuity.
  (8) RESTRICTIONS ON CONVEYANCE-
  (A) APPLICABILITY OF RESTRICTIONS TO SUBSEQUENT OWNERS- The ownership
  interest in a project for which assistance is received under this subtitle
  may not be conveyed unless the instrument of conveyance requires the new
  owner to comply with the same restrictions imposed on the original owner.
  (B) ALLOWABLE PROFITS- A nonprofit sponsor that receives assistance under
  this subtitle for a project shall agree to use any profit received from
  the operation, sale, or other disposition of the project for the purposes
  of providing low- and moderate-income housing. Profit-motivated partners
  of nonprofit sponsors in a nonprofit sponsor partnership may receive--
  (i) not more than a 6 percent return on their equity investment from
  project operations; and
  (ii) upon disposition of the project, not more than an amount equal to
  their initial equity investment plus a return on that investment equal to
  the increase in the Consumer Price Index for the geographic location of
  the project since the time of the initial investment of such partner in
  the project.
  (9) TENANT PARTICIPATION PLAN- A nonprofit sponsor that receives assistance
  for a project under this subsection shall provide a plan for and follow
  a program of tenant participation in management decisions and decisions
  concerning the design, siting, and development of the project. The nonprofit
  sponsor shall adhere to a fair lease and grievance procedure approved by
  the grant administrator.
  (b) HOME OWNERSHIP-
  (1) ELIGIBLE UNITS- Eligible home ownership units shall include the sale of
  dwellings (or in the case of a mutual housing corporation or association
  sponsorship, the sale of indicia of home ownership), including 1- to
  4-family homes and dwelling units in a condominium project, and any
  townhouse or manufactured home, provided such dwelling units provide
  facilities necessary for independent living and comply with--
  (A) applicable local building codes; or
  (B) in any case in which there is not an applicable building code, a
  nationally recognized model building code that the Secretary determines
  to be acceptable.
  (2) ELIGIBLE FAMILIES- In order to be eligible to purchase an eligible
  home ownership unit, a family--
  (A) may not have family income in excess of the greater of--
  (i) 115 percent of the area median income, for a family of 4 persons; or
  (ii) 115 percent of the State median income for a family of 4 persons; and
  (B) shall be a first-time homebuyer (as defined in section 231(3)).
  (3) LIMITATION ON PROFITS- Eligible nonprofit sponsors and nonprofit
  sponsor partnerships may not charge a purchase price for any unit built
  or rehabilitated with assistance under this section in excess of the cost
  of acquisition, construction, and rehabilitation (including soft costs
  such as professional fees, costs of interest and insurance, and taxes)
  and sale of the unit and related common costs of the development plus a
  development fee of 10 percent of such costs. Any development fee received
  by a nonprofit sponsor from the sale or other disposition of an assisted
  project shall be used for the purpose of carrying out a program designed to--
  (A) preserve low- and moderate-income housing;
  (B) manage low- and moderate-income housing;
  (C) provide tenant counseling services for tenants in low- and
  moderate-income housing; and
  (D) provide low- and moderate-income housing.
  (4) RESALE-
  (A) SALES PRICE- Upon resale of an assisted unit, the homeowner may not
  charge a sales price in excess of the sum of--
  (i) the purchase price that the homeowner paid;
  (ii) an amount equal to the increase in the purchase price based upon the
  Consumer Price Index for the geographic location of the unit since the
  time of the purchase of the unit by the eligible homeowner; and
  (iii) an amount equal to the value of the capital improvements made to the
  property adjusted based upon the Consumer Price Index for the geographic
  location of the unit.
  (B) INSTRUMENT OF CONVEYANCE- The restrictions under subparagraph (A)
  shall be contained in the instrument of conveyance with respect to the
  assisted unit.
  (C) ELIGIBLE FAMILIES FOR RESALE- The owner shall use best efforts to
  have the assisted unit resold to a family that would have qualified for
  an initial purchase of the assisted unit. The grant administrator for the
  applicable city or State shall monitor compliance with this subparagraph.
  (5) HOUSING COOPERATIVES- Housing cooperatives shall be structured to
  limit the equity appreciation similar to the formula set forth in paragraph
  (4) to ensure continued affordability of cooperative units for households
  meeting the criteria established in paragraphs (2) and (3) of subsection (a).
  (6) LOW-INCOME USE- From any amounts from a grant made under this subtitle
  used for the purposes under this subsection, the grant administrator shall
  use not less than 25 percent of such amount for lower income families with
  incomes of less than 80 percent of the area median income, adjusted for
  family size.
  (c) COORDINATION WITH OTHER SOURCES OF FUNDING-
  (1) IN GENERAL- Amounts may be provided to a project under this subtitle
  in addition to other amounts provided to the project under local, State,
  or other Federal housing or community assistance programs.
  (2) LIMITATION- In determining the amounts provided to a project under this
  subtitle, the grantee shall consider any other amounts provided to such
  project as described in paragraph (1) to ensure that the monthly rental paid
  to the project owner for each unit assisted under this subtitle does not
  exceed the maximum rent permitted to be paid for such unit as determined
  under subsection (a)(3).
  (3) SECTION 8 ASSISTANCE- The Secretary or any local housing authority
  may allocate assistance under section 8 of the United States Housing
  Act of 1937 (42 U.S.C. 1437f), including rent certificates and vouchers,
  to a rental project assisted under this subtitle for a term determined by
  the Secretary or such authority to be necessary to assist such project to
  obtain adequate financing or to maintain financial viability.
  (d) ALLOCATION- Of any amounts appropriated for the purposes under this
  subtitle, not less than 60 percent shall be used for eligible rental
  housing projects under subsection (a).
Subtitle C--General Provisions
SEC. 231. DEFINITIONS.
  For purposes of this title:
  (1) AREA MEDIAN INCOME AND STATE MEDIAN INCOME- The terms `area median
  income' and `State median income' mean the area median income and the
  State median income, respectively, as determined by the Secretary.
  (2) DISPLACED HOMEMAKER- The term `displaced homemaker' means an individual
  who--
  (A) is an adult;
  (B) has not worked full-time full-year in the labor force for a number of
  years but has, during such years, worked primarily without remuneration
  to care for the home and family;
  (C)(i) has been dependent on public assistance or on the income of a spouse
  but is no longer supported by such income; or
  (ii) is a parent whose youngest dependent child will become ineligible
  to receive assistance under the Aid to Families With Dependent Children
  Program within 2 years after submission by the individual of an application
  for assistance under this title; and
  (D) is unemployed or underemployed and is experiencing difficulty in
  obtaining or upgrading employment.
  (3) FIRST-TIME HOMEBUYER- The term `first-time homebuyer' means a family
  that has not had a present ownership interest in any residence during the
  3-year period prior to purchase of an eligible homeownership unit under
  section 224(b), except that--
  (A) any individual who is a displaced homemaker may not be excluded from
  consideration as a first-time homebuyer under this paragraph on the basis
  that the individual, while a homemaker, owned a home with his or her spouse
  or resided in a home owned by the spouse; and
  (B) any individual who is a single parent may not be excluded from
  consideration as a first-time homebuyer under this paragraph on the basis
  that the individual, while married, owned a home with his or her spouse
  or resided in a home owned by the spouse.
  (4) GRANT ADMINISTRATOR- The term `grant administrator' means any city or
  State receiving funds under this title, including any entity, authority,
  official, or agency designated by such city or State to act as grant
  administrator. To the extent the Secretary directly administers the funding
  under this program under section 222(c), the term includes the Secretary.
  (5) LOW- AND MODERATE-INCOME FAMILIES- The term `low- and moderate-income
  families' includes families and individuals who are at or below the income
  levels for eligibility for assistance under this title.
  (6) NONPROFIT ORGANIZATION- The term `nonprofit organization' means any
  not-for-profit corporation that--
  (A) is organized under State or local laws;
  (B) is qualified under section 501(c)(3) of the Internal Revenue Code of
  1986; and
  (C) has as one of its purposes the counseling, education, or organizing
  of low- or medium-income homeowners or tenants.
  (7) NONPROFIT SPONSOR- The term `nonprofit sponsor' means--
  (A) any not-for-profit corporation that--
  (i) is organized under State or local laws;
  (ii) is qualified under section 501(c)(3) of the Internal Revenue Code of
  1986; and
  (iii) has as one of its purposes the preservation and production of
  affordable housing;
  (B) any nonprofit cooperative corporation that is--
  (i) organized under local law; and
  (ii) approved by the Secretary; or
  (C) any State or locally chartered, neighborhood based, nonprofit
  organization that has as its primary purpose the preservation and production
  of housing.
  (8) NONPROFIT SPONSOR PARTNERSHIP- The term `nonprofit sponsor partnership'
  means a limited partnership in which a nonprofit sponsor is a controlling
  general partner.
  (9) SECRETARY- The term `Secretary' means the Secretary of the Department
  of Housing and Urban Development.
  (10) SINGLE PARENT- The term `single parent' means an individual who--
  (A) is unmarried or legally separated from a spouse; and
  (B)(i) has 1 or more minor children for whom the individual has custody
  or joint custody; or
  (ii) is pregnant.
  (11) STATE- The term `State' means each of the several States or any
  instrumentality of a State approved by the Governor of such State, the
  District of Columbia, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, the Virgin Islands,
  Guam, American Samoa, the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, the
  Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands, any other territory or possession
  of the United States, and any Indian tribe.
  (12) SUBSTANTIAL REHABILITATION- The term `substantial rehabilitation'
  means rehabilitation of a project with a cost, including soft costs (such
  as professional fees, costs of interest and insurance, and taxes), equal to
  at least 30 percent of the fair market value of the building. Substantial
  rehabilitation shall require that the structure be rehabilitated (other
  than a cosmetic repair) so that it is in compliance with the building
  standards as prescribed by the Secretary.
SEC. 232. COMMUNITY AND RESIDENT PARTICIPATION PLAN.
  To receive assistance under this title, a nonprofit sponsor shall submit to
  the Secretary and comply with a plan for community and resident participation
  in development and management decisions relating to eligible housing projects
  assisted with grants under this title, as the Secretary shall determine.
SEC. 233. LIMITATION ON GRANT AMOUNTS.
  The Secretary may not provide assistance for any fiscal year under this title
  to any nonprofit sponsor in an amount that exceeds 50 percent of the amount
  of the total operating budget of the nonprofit sponsor in the fiscal year.
SEC. 234. NONDISPLACEMENT.
  To receive assistance under this title, a grant administrator shall certify
  to the Secretary that the city or State receiving funds under this title is
  in compliance with a residential antidisplacement and relocation assistance
  plan under section 104(d) of the Housing and Community Development Act of
  1974 (to the extent that such a plan applies to the city or State).
SEC. 235. AFFIRMATIVE ACTION REQUIREMENT.
  Each nonprofit sponsor that receives assistance for a project under this
  title shall develop and follow an affirmative action program approved by
  the grant administrator to maximize the participation of minorities in
  construction, management, and maintenance employment opportunities arising
  from this program, particularly minority residents of the communities in
  which the project is located.
SEC. 236. REGULATIONS.
  The Secretary shall issue any regulations necessary to carry out this title.
SEC. 237. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.
  (a) IN GENERAL- There are authorized to be appropriated to carry out this
  title the following amounts:
  (1) $1,000,000,000 for fiscal year 1991, of which not more than $50,000,000
  shall be available for carrying out subtitle A.
  (2) $1,200,000,000 for fiscal year 1992, of which not more than $50,000,000
  shall be available for carrying out subtitle A.
  (3) $1,200,000,000 for fiscal year 1993, of which not more than $50,000,000
  shall be available for carrying out subtitle A.
  (4) $2,300,000,000 for fiscal year 1994, of which not more than $50,000,000
  shall be available for carrying out subtitle A.
  (5) $2,300,000,000 for fiscal year 1995, of which not more than $50,000,000
  shall be available for carrying out subtitle A.
  (b) AVAILABILITY- Any amount appropriated under this section shall remain
  available until expended.
TITLE III--RECYCLING OF EXISTING FEDERAL ASSETS
SEC. 301. SHORT TITLE.
  This title may be cited as the `Recycling of Existing Assets for
  Cost-Effective Housing Act'.
SEC. 302. AUTHORITY TO MAKE GRANTS TO STATES.
  (a) IN GENERAL- Subject to the provisions of this title, the Secretary
  of Housing and Urban Development may make grants to States for use by
  State housing finance agencies to establish revolving funds to assist in
  providing rental housing for low- to moderate-income families.
  (b) APPLICATIONS- The Secretary shall prescribe the form and procedures
  for States to apply for grants under this title.
  (c) FAIR SHARE ALLOCATION- Grants under this title shall be allocated among
  the States on the basis of the formula prescribed by the Secretary under
  section 213(d)(1) of the Housing and Community Development Act of 1974
  (42 U.S.C. 1439(d)(1)).
  (d) MATCHING REQUIREMENT- The Secretary may not make a grant under
  this title to any State in an amount in excess of the amount that the
  State certifies, as the Secretary shall require, that the State will
  contribute from non-Federal sources to the revolving fund established
  by the State housing finance agency under section 303 for the purposes
  of this title. The value of any administrative or other costs incurred
  by the State housing finance agency in carrying out this title shall be
  considered as contributions to the fund for the purposes of this subsection.
SEC. 303. STATE REVOLVING FUNDS.
  (a) ESTABLISHMENT- Any State that receives a grant under this title shall,
  through the State housing finance agency of the State, establish a revolving
  fund according to this section.
  (b) USE OF GRANTS- Any amounts in the fund shall be available only for
  making grants and loans to nonprofit agencies, local governments, and
  public housing agencies for the rehabilitation of any property eligible
  under section 305 that is a single-family or multifamily dwelling and
  loans to such organizations for purchase of such properties, to provide
  rental housing, subject to the requirements of section 304.
  (c) CREDITS- A revolving fund established under this title shall be credited
  with the following:
  (1) GRANTS- Any amounts received from a grant under section 302.
  (2) MATCHING AMOUNTS- Any matching amounts under section 302(d).
  (3) REPAYMENTS- Any repayments under subsection (d).
  (4) OTHER- Any other amounts that may be dedicated to the fund.
  (d) REPAYMENTS- Any loans made from a revolving fund under subsection (b)
  shall be repaid to the fund according to terms established by the State
  finance housing agency and the borrower.
SEC. 304. AFFORDABLE RENTAL HOUSING REQUIREMENTS.
  Any housing assisted with amounts from a revolving fund established under
  section 303 shall meet the following requirements:
  (1) MULTIFAMILY UNIT RENTAL- Of the units of any assisted multifamily
  dwelling--
  (A) not less than--
  (i) 40 percent of the units shall be occupied, or available for occupancy
  by, lower income families with incomes of less than 60 percent of the area
  median income, adjusted for family size; or
  (ii) 20 percent of the units shall be occupied, or be available for occupancy
  by, lower income families with incomes of less than 50 percent of the area
  median income, adjusted for family size; and
  (B) not less than 10 percent of the units shall be occupied, or available
  for occupancy by, lower income families with incomes of less than 30
  percent of the area median income, adjusted for family size.
  (2) SINGLE-FAMILY UNIT RENTAL- Any assisted single-family dwelling shall
  be made available for rental only by low- and moderate-income families.
  (3) RENT CHARGES- The rent charges (including any costs for utilities)
  for each dwelling unit shall be based on the income level of the resident
  of the unit.
  (4) PERMANENT LOW- AND MODERATE-INCOME USE-
  (A) IN GENERAL- As a condition of receiving assistance from a revolving
  fund under section 303, a nonprofit agency, local government, or public
  housing agency shall agree that property assisted will comply with the
  requirements of this section in perpetuity.
  (B) RESTRICTIONS ON CONVEYANCE- An ownership interest in any property
  assisted with amounts received from a revolving fund under section 303 may
  not be conveyed by a nonprofit agency, local government, or public housing
  agency (or any subsequent owner) unless the instrument of conveyance requires
  the new owner to comply with the restrictions under this section. Any amounts
  received by a nonprofit agency, local government, or public housing agency
  from the conveyance of a property assisted from amounts from a revolving fund
  shall be used to provide housing subject to the requirements of this section.
  (5) SELECTION OF TENANTS- The nonprofit agency, local government, or public
  housing agency shall use a selection process for tenants for the assisted
  housing as follows:
  (A) PREFERENCES- The selection process shall give preference to lower
  income families, and among lower income families shall give preference to
  eligible families who--
  (i) occupy housing that fails to meet relevant State or local health and
  safety standards or is overcrowded;
  (ii) are paying more than 30 percent of family income for housing (including
  utilities costs); or
  (iii) who, in the determination of the applicable State housing finance
  agency, have little prospect of obtaining improved housing within a
  reasonable time through means other than assistance under this Act.
  (B) CONTRIBUTIONS- The selection process shall consider the capacity of
  the eligible families to--
  (i) contribute labor in rehabilitating the housing; and
  (ii) obtain assistance from private sources, community organizations,
  and other sources.
  (6) EXCLUSION OF HOMEOWNERS- Units in housing assisted with amounts from
  a revolving fund under section 303 may not be made available to any family
  that is a homeowner (as the term is defined in section 309(2)).
SEC. 305. ELIGIBLE PROPERTIES.
  Low- and moderate-income families and nonprofit agencies, local governments,
  and public housing agencies may purchase, develop, or rehabilitate with
  assistance from any revolving fund established under this title by a State
  housing finance agency only dwellings that meet the following requirements:
  (1) TYPE- The dwelling shall be an unoccupied single- or multifamily dwelling
  such that rehabilitation of the dwelling for use as provided under this
  title may not result in the displacement of any residents of the dwelling.
  (2) OWNERSHIP- The dwelling shall be owned or controlled by any of the
  following:
  (A) The Department of Housing and Urban Development.
  (B) The Department of Veterans Affairs.
  (C) The Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation.
  (D) The Office of Thrift Supervision.
  (E) The Farmers Home Administration.
  (F) The Federal National Mortgage Corporation.
  (G) The Federal Home Loan Mortgage Corporation.
  (H) The Resolution Trust Corporation.
  (I) Any other department or agency of the Federal Government or any
  corporation or other similar entity chartered, owned, or controlled by
  the Federal Government.
  (3) VALUE- The dwelling has an appraised value that does not exceed the
  following:
  (A) In the case of a 1- to 4-family dwelling, the applicable maximum dollar
  amount limitation under section 203(b)(2) of the National Housing Act.
  (B) In the case of a dwelling with more than 4 units, the applicable
  maximum dollar amount limitation under section 221(d)(3)(ii) of the National
  Housing Act for elevator-type structures (without regard to any increase
  under such section for high-cost areas).
SEC. 306. LISTING OF ELIGIBLE PROPERTIES.
  (a) IN GENERAL- The Secretary shall make available upon request by any
  State housing finance agency or unit of general local government a list of
  eligible properties owned or controlled by entities under section 305(2)
  that are located within the State or unit of general local government.
  (b) CONSULTATION- The Secretary shall consult with the entities under
  section 305(2) not less than monthly to provide a current listing under
  subsection (a).
SEC. 307. OTHER PROPERTY DISPOSAL LAWS.
  This title may not be construed to make available for acquisition under this
  title any dwelling that may not be made publicly available by any entity
  under section 305(2) under other applicable laws relating to disposal of
  such dwelling.
SEC. 308. REPORTS.
  (a) STATE HOUSING FINANCE AGENCIES- Any State that receives a grant under
  this title shall submit to the Congress, not less than annually, a report
  of the State housing finance agency containing a listing of any properties
  purchased, developed, or rehabilitated with assistance from the revolving
  fund established with the amounts received from grants under this title
  and information regarding the financing for such purchases, development,
  and rehabilitation.
  (b) SECRETARY- The Secretary shall submit to the Congress, not less than
  annually, a report regarding the grant program under this title, which
  shall include a summary of the reports by State housing finance agencies
  under subsection (a) and a listing of any properties of any entity under
  section 305(2) for which assistance has been made through a revolving fund
  established pursuant to this title.
SEC. 309. DEFINITIONS.
  For purposes of this title:
  (1) DISPLACED HOMEMAKER- The term `displaced homemaker' means an individual
  who--
  (A) is an adult;
  (B) has not worked full time full year in the labor force for a number of
  years but has, during such years, worked primarily without remuneration
  to care for the home and family;
  (C)(i) has been dependent on public assistance or on the income of a spouse
  but is no longer supported by such income; or
  (ii) is a parent whose youngest dependent child will become ineligible
  to receive assistance under the Aid to Families With Dependent Children
  Program within 2 years after submission by the individual of an application
  for assistance under this title; and
  (D) is unemployed or underemployed and is experiencing difficulty in
  obtaining or upgrading employment.
  (2) HOMEOWNER- The term `homeowner' means a family that, upon occupancy in
  property assisted with amounts from a revolving fund under section 303,
  has had a present ownership interest in any residence during the 3-year
  period ending on such date, except that--
  (A) any individual who is a displaced homemaker may not be considered
  as a homeowner under this paragraph on the basis that the individual,
  while a homemaker, owned a home with his or her spouse or resided in a
  home owned by the spouse; and
  (B) any individual who is a single parent may not be considered as a
  homeowner under this paragraph on the basis that the individual, while
  married, owned a home with his or her spouse or resided in a home owned
  by the spouse.
  (3) LOW- OR MODERATE-INCOME FAMILY-  The term `low- or moderate-income
  family' means families and individuals whose incomes do not exceed 115
  percent of the median income for the area involved, as determined by the
  Secretary with adjustments for smaller and larger families, except that the
  Secretary may establish income ceilings higher or lower than 115 percent of
  the median for the area on the basis of the findings of the Secretary that
  such variations are necessary because of prevailing levels of construction
  costs or unusually high or low family incomes.
  (4) LOWER INCOME FAMILY- The term `lower income family' means families and
  individuals whose incomes do not exceed 80 percent of the median income
  for the area involved, as determined by the Secretary with adjustments for
  smaller and larger families, except that the Secretary may establish income
  ceilings higher or lower than 80 percent of the median for the area on the
  basis of the findings of the Secretary that such variations are necessary
  because of prevailing levels of construction costs or unusually high or
  low family incomes.
  (5) REVOLVING FUND- The term `revolving fund' means any fund established
  by a State housing finance agency under section 303 with amounts received
  from a grant under section 302.
  (6) SECRETARY- The term `Secretary' means the Secretary of Housing and
  Urban Development.
  (7) SINGLE PARENT- The term `single parent' means an individual who--
  (A) is unmarried or legally separated from a spouse; and
  (B)(i) has 1 or more minor children for whom the individual has custody
  or joint custody; or
  (ii) is pregnant.
  (8) STATE- The term `State' means the States of the United States, the
  District of Columbia, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, the Commonwealth of
  the Northern Mariana Islands, Guam, the Virgin Islands, American Samoa,
  the Trust Territories of the Pacific, and any other possession of the
  United States.
  (9) STATE HOUSING FINANCE AGENCY- The term `State housing finance agency'
  has the meaning given the term under section 802(b)(2)(A) of the Housing
  and Community Development Act of 1974 (42 U.S.C. 1440(b)(2)(A)).
SEC. 310. AFFIRMATIVE ACTION REQUIREMENT.
  Each State housing finance agency that receives assistance from a revolving
  fund under this title shall develop and follow an affirmative action program
  approved by the Secretary to maximize the participation of minorities
  in construction, management, and maintenance employment opportunities
  arising from the rehabilitation of the housing assisted under this title,
  particularly minority residents of the communities in which the housing
  is located.
SEC. 311. REGULATIONS.
  The Secretary may issue any regulations necessary to carry out this title.
SEC. 312. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.
  There are authorized to be appropriated to carry out this title $500,000,000
  for each of fiscal years 1991, 1992, 1993, 1994, and 1995. Any amounts
  appropriated pursuant to this section shall remain available until expended.
TITLE IV--PUBLIC HOUSING DEVELOPMENT AND MODERNIZATION
SEC. 401. INCREASE OF BUDGET AUTHORITY.
  (a)PUBLIC HOUSING DEVELOPMENT- The budget authority available under section
  5(c) of the United States Housing Act of 1937 (42 U.S.C. 1437c(c)) for
  public housing grants under subsection (a)(2) of such Act is authorized
  to be increased by--
  (1) $1,900,000,000 on or after October 1, 1990;
  (2) $2,600,000,000 on or after October 1, 1991;
  (3) $3,200,000,000 on or after October 1, 1992;
  (4) $3,900,000,000 on or after October 1, 1993; and
  (5) $4,500,000,000 on or after October 1, 1994.
  (b) PUBLIC HOUSING MODERNIZATION UNDER COMPREHENSIVE IMPROVEMENT ASSISTANCE
  PROGRAM- The budget authority available under section 5(c) of the
  United States Housing Act of 1937 (42 U.S.C. 1437c(c)) for comprehensive
  improvement assistance grants under section 14 of such Act is authorized
  to be increased by--
  (1) $1,200,000,000 on or after October 1, 1990, of which such sums as may
  be necessary shall be available for carrying out the provisions of the
  Lead-Based Paint Poisoning Prevention Act in public housing;
  (2) $1,700,000,000 on or after October 1, 1991, of which such sums as may
  be necessary shall be available for carrying out the provisions of the
  Lead-Based Paint Poisoning Prevention Act in public housing;
  (3) $2,300,000,000 on or after October 1, 1992, of which such sums as may
  be necessary shall be available for carrying out the provisions of the
  Lead-Based Paint Poisoning Prevention Act in public housing;
  (4) $2,800,000,000 on or after October 1, 1993, of which such sums as may
  be necessary shall be available for carrying out the provisions of the
  Lead-Based Paint Poisoning Prevention Act in public housing; and
  (5) $3,400,000,000 on or after October 1, 1994, of which such sums as may
  be necessary shall be available for carrying out the provisions of the
  Lead-Based Paint Poisoning Prevention Act in public housing.
SEC. 402. PUBLIC HOUSING TENANT SELECTION CRITERIA.
  (a) TENANT SELECTION CRITERIA-
  (1) IN GENERAL- Section 6(c)(4)(A) of the United States Housing Act of
  1937 (42 U.S.C. 1437d(c)(4)(A)) is amended by striking `families which
  occupy' and all that follows through `Act' and inserting the following:
  `families that occupy substandard or overcrowded housing, are paying more
  than 50 percent of family income for housing costs (including utilities),
  have an income that does not exceed 50 percent of the income for the area
  (as determined by the Secretary), or are homeless or in imminent danger
  of becoming homeless because of eviction, deteriorated housing, domestic
  violence, or any other involuntary action at the time they are seeking
  assistance under this Act'.
  (2) INAPPLICABILITY TO FAMILIES ON WAITING LISTS- The amendment made by
  paragraph (1) shall not apply with respect to--
  (A) any family for which a commitment for residence in a public housing
  project has been made before the date of the enactment of this Act; or
  (B) any family that does not reside in public housing, has applied for
  residence in public housing, and has been placed on a waiting list for
  residence in public housing before the date of the enactment of this Act.
  (3) SAVINGS PROVISION- The preferences for selection of tenants for public
  housing in section 6(c)(4)(A) of the United States Housing Act of 1937,
  as such section existed before the date of the enactment of this Act,
  shall apply with respect to any family that does not reside in public
  housing, has applied for residence in public housing, and has been placed
  on a waiting list for residence in public housing before the date of the
  enactment of this Act.
  (b) DURATION OF PREFERENCE- Section 6(c)(4)(A) of the United States Housing
  Act of 1937 (42 U.S.C. 1437d(c)(4)(A)) is amended--
  (1) by striking `and' before `(ii)'; and
  (2) by inserting after the semicolon at the end the following: `and (iii)
  in giving preferences as established in this subparagraph during any fiscal
  year, any family that qualifies for such a preference may be given preference
  only during such year and qualification of families for preferences shall
  be reevaluated upon the commencement of the following fiscal year;'.
TITLE V--GRANTS FOR PRESERVATION OF EXISTING HOUSING AND SECURITY IN PUBLIC
HOUSING
SEC. 501. GRANTS FOR ACQUISITION AND REHABILITATION.
  (a) IN GENERAL- The Secretary of Housing and Urban Development may make
  grants to nonprofit sponsors for the acquisition and rehabilitation of
  housing eligible under subsection (b).
  (b) ELIGIBLE HOUSING- Grants under this section may be used to acquire or
  rehabilitate only multifamily housing financed by a loan or mortgage insured,
  assisted, or held by the Secretary of Housing and Urban Development under
  section 221 or 236 of the National Housing Act.
  (c) AFFORDABILITY REQUIREMENTS- Housing acquired or rehabilitated with
  amounts from a grant under this section shall be subject to the provisions
  of section 224(a) of the Community Housing Partnership Act.
  (d) NONPROFIT SPONSOR- For purposes of this section, the term `nonprofit
  sponsor' means--
  (1) any not-for-profit corporation that--
  (A) is organized under State or local laws;
  (B) is qualified under section 501(c)(3) of the Internal Revenue Code of
  1986; and
  (C) has as one of its purposes the preservation and production of affordable
  housing;
  (2) any nonprofit cooperative corporation that is--
  (A) organized under local law; and
  (B) approved by the Secretary; and
  (3) any housing agency of any State or local ghovernment.
SEC. 502. TRAINING AND TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE GRANTS.
  (a) IN GENERAL- The Secretary of Housing and Urban Development may make
  grants to organizations eligible under subsection (c) to provide training
  and technical assistance under this section to nonprofit sponsors and
  tenant representative organizations.
  (b) ELIGIBLE ACTIVITIES- Organizations receiving grants under this section
  may use the amounts received under the grants only for training and
  technical assistance activities to assist nonprofit sponsors and tenant
  representative organizations--
  (1) to identify housing for acquisition and purchase, so that such housing
  remains affordable for lower income families; and
  (2) to develop proposals for acquisition, purchase, and management of
  such properties.
  (c) ELIGIBLE ORGANIZATIONS- Grants under this section may only be made to
  organizations and agencies that the Secretary determines are qualified,
  by experience, education and training, or resources, to provide training
  and technical assistance under subsection (b).
  (d) NONPROFIT SPONSORS- For purposes of this section the term `nonprofit
  sponsor' has the meaning given the term under section 501.
SEC. 503. SECURITY GRANTS.
  (a) IN GENERAL- The Secretary of Housing and Urban Development may make
  grants under this section to provide adequate security in public housing
  (as such term is defined in section 3(b) of the United States Housing Act
  of 1937).
  (b) ELIGIBLE RECIPIENTS- Grants under this section may be made to--
  (1) tenant organizations in public housing acting in cooperation with the
  applicable public housing agency; and
  (2) public housing agencies.
  (c) ELIGIBLE ACTIVITIES- Grants under this section may only be used with
  respect to public housing to provide the following security measures
  and activities:
  (1) Professional security services.
  (2) Organized tenant patrols or housing police.
  (3) Mechanical and electronic security systems.
  (4) Any other appropriate security measures and activities to provide for
  safe public housing.
  (d) APPLICABILITY TO INDIAN PUBLIC HOUSING- Grants available under this
  section for public housing shall be available with respect to Indian public
  housing under title II of the United States Housing Act of 1937.
SEC. 504. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.
  There are authorized to be appropriated $500,000,000 for grants under this
  title for each of fiscal years 1991, 1992, 1993, 1994, and 1995.
TITLE VI--RURAL HOUSING PROGRAM FUNDING
SEC. 601. INCREASED AUTHORITY FOR RURAL HOUSING LOAN PROGRAMS.
  (a) HOMEOWNERSHIP LOAN PROGRAM- The authority to insure and guarantee
  loans available under section 513(a)(1)(A) of the Housing Act of 1949
  (42 U.S.C. 1483(a)(1)(A)) for insured or guaranteed loans under section
  502 of such Act on behalf of borrowers receiving assistance under section
  521(a) of such Act or receiving guaranteed loans pursuant to section 304
  of the Housing and Community Development Act of 1987 is authorized to be
  increased by--
  (1) $770,000,000 on or after October 1, 1990;
  (2) $1,142,000,000 on or after October 1, 1991;
  (3) $2,284,000,000 on or after October 1, 1992;
  (4) $2,284,000,000 on or after October 1, 1993; and
  (5) $2,284,000,000 on or after October 1, 1994.
  (b) VERY LOW-INCOME HOUSING REPAIR LOAN PROGRAM- The authority to insure
  and guarantee loans available under section 513(a)(1)(B) of the Housing
  Act of 1949 (42 U.S.C. 1483(a)(1)(B)) for loans under section 504 of such
  Act is authorized to be increased by--
  (1) $72,000,000 on or after October 1, 1990;
  (2) $72,000,000 on or after October 1, 1991;
  (3) $144,000,000 on or after October 1, 1992;
  (4) $144,000,000 on or after October 1, 1993; and
  (5) $144,000,000 on or after October 1, 1994.
  (c) FARM LABOR HOUSING LOANS- The authority to insure and guarantee
  loans available under section 513(a)(1)(C) of the Housing Act of 1949
  (42 U.S.C. 1483(a)(1)(C)) for loans under section 514 of such Act is
  authorized to be increased by--
  (1) $38,000,000 on or after October 1, 1990;
  (2) $43,500,000 on or after October 1, 1991;
  (3) $62,500,000 on or after October 1, 1992;
  (4) $62,500,000 on or after October 1, 1993; and
  (5) $62,500,000 on or after October 1, 1994.
  (d) RURAL RENTAL HOUSING LOAN PROGRAM- The authority to insure and guarantee
  loans available under section 513(a)(1)(D) of the Housing Act of 1949 (42
  U.S.C. 1483(a)(1)(D)) for insured loans under section 515 of such Act is
  authorized to be increased by--
  (1) $660,000,000 on or after October 1, 1990;
  (2) $767,000,000 on or after October 1, 1991;
  (3) $1,463,000,000 on or after October 1, 1992;
  (4) $1,463,000,000 on or after October 1, 1993; and
  (5) $1,463,000,000 on or after October 1, 1994.
SEC. 602. INCREASED BUDGET AUTHORITY FOR RURAL HOUSING ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS.
  (a) FARM LABOR HOUSING GRANT PROGRAM- The budget authority available under
  section 513(b)(4) of the Housing Act of 1949 (42 U.S.C. 1483(b)(4)) for
  financial assistance under section 516 of such Act is authorized to be
  increased by--
  (1) $38,000,000 on or after October 1, 1990;
  (2) $43,500,000 on or after October 1, 1991;
  (3) $62,500,000 on or after October 1, 1992;
  (4) $62,500,000 on or after October 1, 1993; and
  (5) $62,500,000 on or after October 1, 1994.
  (b) RURAL HOUSING PRESERVATION GRANT PROGRAM- The budget authority available
  under section 513(b)(6) of the Housing Act of 1949 (42 U.S.C. 1483(b)(6))
  for grants under section 533 of such Act is authorized to be increased by--
  (1) $13,000,000 on or after October 1, 1990;
  (2) $13,000,000 on or after October 1, 1991;
  (3) $22,000,000 on or after October 1, 1992;
  (4) $22,000,000 on or after October 1, 1993; and
  (5) $22,000,000 on or after October 1, 1994.
  (c) RENTAL ASSISTANCE PAYMENTS PROGRAM- The budget authority available
  under section 513(c)(1) of the Housing Act of 1949 (42 U.S.C. 1483(c)(1))
  for rental assistance payments contracts under section 521(a)(2)(A) of
  such Act is authorized to be increased by--
  (1) $214,000,000 on or after October 1, 1990;
  (2) $249,000,000 on or after October 1, 1991;
  (3) $475,000,000 on or after October 1, 1992;
  (4) $475,000,000 on or after October 1, 1993; and
  (5) $475,000,000 on or after October 1, 1994.
SEC. 603. PROGRAM EXTENSIONS.
  (a) RENTAL HOUSING LOAN AUTHORITY- Section 515(b)(4) of the Housing Act
  of 1949 (42 U.S.C. 1485(b)(4)) is amended by striking `September 30, 1990'
  and inserting `September 30, 1995'.
  (b) RURAL AREA CLASSIFICATION- Section 520 of the Housing Act of 1949
  (42 U.S.C. 1490) is amended by striking `September 30, 1990' and inserting
  `September 30, 1995'.
TITLE VII--SUPPORTIVE SERVICES
SEC. 701. SUPPORTIVE SERVICES IN FEDERALLY ASSISTED HOUSING.
  (a) PROGRAM AUTHORITY- The Secretary of Housing and Urban Development shall
  develop and carry out a program to coordinate the delivery of supportive
  services to residents of any federally assisted housing for low- and
  moderate-income families.
  (b) PROGRAM DESIGN- The program shall be designed to provide services to
  assist residents to improve their opportunities to move into housing not
  assisted by the Federal Government. Such services shall include:
  (1) Child care services.
  (2) Employment skills.
  (3) Job preparation and placement services.
  (4) Education and job training services.
  (5) Drug and alcohol counseling.
  (6) Referral services.
  (7) Pregnancy prevention.
  (8) Health monitoring services.
  (9) Parenting skills.
  (10) Pre- and post-natal care.
  (c) COORDINATION- The Secretary shall coordinate the program under this
  section with other Federal, State, and local agencies and organizations
  as the Secretary considers appropriate to provide for the needs of the
  residents of the housing.
  (d) DEFINITION- For purposes of this section, the term `federally assisted
  housing for low- and moderate-income families'--
  (1) means any housing--
  (A) for which assistance is provided by a Federal agency in the form of
  a grant, contract, loan, loan guarantee, cooperative agreement, interest
  subsidy, insurance, or direct appropriation (but not including direct
  Federal cash assistance to individuals occupying the housing); and
  (B) for which--
  (i) occupancy, with respect to all or some of the units in the housing,
  is limited or restricted by law or regulation based on some maximum income
  limit or limits for such families; or
  (ii) rent payments, with respect to all or some of the families occupying
  the housing, are limited, restricted, or determined by law or regulation
  based on the income of such families; and
  (2) includes such housing for Indians, Indian tribes, and housing developed
  or operated pursuant to a contract between the Secretary of Housing and
  Urban Development and an Indian housing authority.
  (e) REGULATIONS- The Secretary shall issue regulations to carry out this
  section not later than the expiration of the 12-month period beginning on
  the date of the enactment of this Act.
TITLE VIII--SINGLE ROOM OCCUPANCY HOUSING FOR HOMELESS FAMILIES AND INDIVIDUALS
SEC. 801. SECTION 8 ASSISTANCE FOR SINGLE ROOM OCCUPANCY DWELLINGS.
  (a) INCREASE IN BUDGET AUTHORITY- Section 441(a) of the Stewart B. McKinney
  Homeless Assistance Act (42 U.S.C. 11401(a)) is amended to read as follows:
  `(a) INCREASE IN BUDGET AUTHORITY- The budget authority available under
  section 5(c) of the United States Housing Act of 1937 for assistance under
  section 8(e)(2) of such Act is authorized to be increased by--
  `(1) $1,000,000,000 on or after October 1, 1990;
  `(2) $1,000,000,000 on or after October 1, 1991;
  `(3) $1,000,000,000 on or after October 1, 1992;
  `(4) $600,000,000 on or after October 1, 1993; and
  `(5) $600,000,000 on or after October 1, 1994.'.
  (b) 15-YEAR CONTRACTS- Section 441(f) of the Stewart B. McKinney Homeless
  Assistance Act (42 U.S.C. 11401(f)) is amended--
  (1) in paragraph (1)--
  (A) by striking `10 years' and inserting `15 years'; and
  (B) by striking `10-year' and inserting `15-year'; and
  (2) in paragraph (2), by striking `10 years' and inserting `15 years'.
TITLE IX--MISCELLANEOUS
SEC. 901. NONDISCRIMINATION.
  No person shall on the grounds of race, color, national origin, or sex be
  excluded from participation in, be denied the benefit of, or be subjected
  to discrimination under any program or activity assisted under this Act.
SEC. 902. GAO AUDIT.
  The Comptroller General of the United States shall audit the activities
  of the Secretary of Housing and Urban Development under this Act and the
  amendments made by this Act not less than annually under any rules and
  regulations prescribed by the Comptroller General. Representatives of
  the General Accounting Office shall have access to all books, accounts,
  reports, and files and all other papers and property belonging to or in use
  by the Secretary pertaining to such activities and necessary to facilitate
  the audit.
SEC. 903. GAO REPORT TO CONGRESS.
  (a) IN GENERAL- The Comptroller General of the United States shall submit
  to the Congress a report regarding the activities of the Secretary of
  Housing and Urban Development under this Act.
  (b) CONTENTS- The report under this section shall include--
  (1) a statement of the amount of assistance provided under assistance
  contracts by the Secretary and the amount of assistance provided under and
  the date of expiration of such contracts, including a description of the
  assistance contracts expiring within 48 months of the date of submission
  of the report under subsection (c);
  (2) a statement of the cost of repair for multifamily housing assisted
  under the subsidized mortgage insurance programs of the Secretary;
  (3) an assessment of the conditions of the housing stock assisted by the
  Federal Government;
  (4) for each region of the Department of Housing and Urban Development
  and each State, statements of the number of persons on waiting lists for
  housing assistance under programs administered by the Secretary, how long
  such persons have been on the waiting lists, and the number of assisted
  units in disrepair;
  (5) a description of the housing opportunities provided under this Act
  and the amendments made by this Act;
  (6) an analysis and evaluation of the effectiveness of the activities
  undertaken under this Act and the amendments made by this Act in fulfilling
  the purposes of this Act and meeting the housing needs of the people of
  the United States; and
  (7) a description of options and recommendations regarding possible means
  of accomplishing, by the conclusion of the 20th century, the objectives
  referred to in paragraph (6).
  (c) DATE OF SUBMISSION- The report under this section shall be submitted
  not later than September 30, 1995.