H.R.49 - Arctic Coastal Plain Leasing Act of 1987101st Congress (1989-1990)
|Sponsor:||Rep. Young, Don [R-AK-At Large] (Introduced 01/03/1989)|
|Committees:||House - Interior and Insular Affairs; Merchant Marine and Fisheries|
|Latest Action:||House - 02/09/1989 Referred to the Subcommittee on Water, Power and Offshore Energy Resources. (All Actions)|
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Text: H.R.49 — 101st Congress (1989-1990)All Information (Except Text)
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Introduced in House
HR 49 IH 101st CONGRESS 1st Session H. R. 49 To authorize the Secretary of the Interior to lease, in an expeditious and environmentally sound manner, lands in the Coastal Plain of the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge for oil and gas exploration, development, and production. IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES January 3, 1989 Mr. YOUNG of Alaska introduced the following bill; which was referred jointly to the Committees on Interior and Insular Affairs and Merchant Marine and Fisheries A BILL To authorize the Secretary of the Interior to lease, in an expeditious and environmentally sound manner, lands in the Coastal Plain of the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge for oil and gas exploration, development, and production. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That this Act may be cited as the `Arctic Coastal Plain Leasing Act of 1987'. CONGRESSIONAL FINDINGS SEC. 2. As the basis for the declaration of policy and authorizations set forth in subsequent provisions of this Act, the Congress finds that-- (1) the Nation's domestic crude oil production is in substantial decline and dependence upon unreliable foreign sources of oil is growing at an alarming rate; (2) production from the Prudhoe Bay oil fields on Alaska's North Slope, which now constitutes over 20 per centum of the Nation's total domestic crude oil production, will begin to decline rapidly in 1988; (3) in 1980, Congress designated approximately one-half of the 18 million acre Arctic National Wildlife Refuge in Alaska as wilderness and directed the Secretary of the Interior to study the oil and gas potential and the fish and wildlife resources of the Refuge's 1.5 million Coastal Plain, which lies east of Prudhoe Bay; (4) reports prepared by the Department of the Interior and other Federal, State, and private studies clearly indicate that the Coastal Plain is the most outstanding oil and gas prospect in the United States, onshore or offshore, with potential reserves in place estimated to be from 4.8 to 29.4 billion barrels of oil; (5) the results of eighteen years of operations at Prudhoe Bay are compelling evidence that carefully planned and executed oil and gas exploration, development, production, and transportation is compatible with the North Slope's fish and wildlife resources and the needs of subsistence users of those resources; and (6) the long lead time, ten or more years, needed for development of a new North Slope oil field requires a prompt decision by Congress on the future use of Federal lands in the Coastal Plain. DECLARATION OF POLICY SEC. 3. (a) The Congress declares that-- (1) it is in the national interest of the United States to permit exploration, development, production, and transportation of oil and gas resources in the Coastal Plain of the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge, which is-- (A) located adjacent to Prudhoe Bay, an area where intensive oil development has been conducted in an environmentally sound manner, and (B) served by an existing crude oil pipeline and tanker transportation system; and (2) exploration, development, production, and transportation of the Coastal Plain's oil and gas resources, which is supported by the State of Alaska, the North Slope Borough and other local governments in Alaska, and the Inupiat Eskimo people of the North Slope, serve vital interests of the Nation, including-- (A) the national security by providing dependable new sources of domestic oil production outside of the control and influence of the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries; (B) American consumers by expanding domestic sources of reasonably priced gasoline, jet fuel, heating oil, and other crude oil products, and (C) the national economy by improving the balance of trade through reductions in foreign oil imports, by generating new economic activity and creating new jobs, and by reducing the Federal deficit through increased tax and royalty revenues. (b) The Congress declares that it is the policy of the United States that-- (1) exploration, development, production, and transportation of the oil and gas resources of the Coastal Plain, the Nation's foremost prospect for the discovery of new giant and super giant oil fields, should proceed with dispatch; and (2) such activities should be conducted in a manner consistent with the protection of the Coastal Plain's fish and wildlife resources and environment and the needs of the area's subsistence users. DEFINITIONS SEC. 4. For purposes of this Act, the term-- (a) `Secretary' means the Secretary of the Interior; and (b) `Coastal Plain' means that portion of the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge identified in section 1002(b)(1) of the Alaska National Interest Lands Conservation Act of 1980 (Public Law 96-487). AUTHORIZATION FOR LEASING OF THE COASTAL PLAIN SEC. 5. (a) The Congress hereby authorizes and directs the Secretary of the Interior through whatever agency of the Department he deems appropriate and other appropriate Federal officers and agencies to take such actions as are necessary to establish and promptly implement a competitive oil and gas leasing program that will assure the expeditious exploration, development and production of the oil and gas resources of the Coastal Plain of the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge. (b) This authorization includes, incorporates and supplements the provisions of existing Federal law on oil and gas leasing and development on Federal lands and grants such new legislative authority as is necessary to enable the Secretary to authorize and permit all such activities as are required to achieve the expeditious exploration, development and production of the oil and gas resources of the Coastal Plain. These activities include all activities associated with and required in the exploration, development, production and transportation of the oil and gas resources of the Coastal Plain, and include, but are not limited to, the authorization and granting of rights-of-way, permits, leases, use permits and such other authorizations as are necessary to facilitate exploration, development, production of oil and gas resources on lands within the Coastal Plain and their transportation. (c) The leasing program required by subsection (a) shall include the following elements: (1) The first lease sale shall be conducted within twelve months of the date of enactment of this Act. (2) The Secretary is authorized to grant to the highest responsible qualified bidder or bidders by competitive bidding, under regulations promulgated in advance, any oil and gas lease on unleased Federal lands within the Coastal Plain. Such regulations may provide for the deposit of cash bids in an interest-bearing account until the Secretary announces his decision on whether to accept the bids, with the interest earned thereon to be paid to the Treasury as to bids that are accepted and to the unsuccessful bidders as to bids that are rejected. The bidding shall be conducted as determined by the Secretary pursuant to bidding systems included in section 205(A)(1) (A) through (H) of the Outer Continental Shelf Lands Act, as amended, of 1978 (43 U.S.C. 1331). (3) The size of lease tracts may be up to eleven thousand five hundred and twenty acres but not less than two thousand five hundred and sixty acres, as determined by the Secretary: Provided, That the Secretary may lease tracts of less than two thousand five hundred and sixty acres if he determines tracts of smaller size are necessary to promote a more competitive leasing program or are necessary in certain locations to mitigate reasonably foreseeable impacts on the environment. (4) Each lease shall be issued for an initial period of up to ten years and shall be extended for so long thereafter as oil or gas is produced in paying quantities from the lease or unit area to which the lease is committed or as drilling or reworking operations as approved by the Secretary are conducted thereon. (d) This Act shall be considered the primary land management authorization for all activities associated with exploration, development and production from the Coastal Plain. No land management review shall be required except as specifically authorized by this Act. (e) Activities undertaken pursuant to this section shall include or provide for such conditions, restrictions, and prohibitions as the Secretary deems necessary or appropriate to mitigate reasonably foreseeable significant adverse effects on fish and wildlife and their habitats pursuant to section 6 of this Act. (f) The Secretary is authorized to permit, subject to reasonable rules and regulations, on lands within the Coastal Plain all activities described in subsection (b) by owners of private lands within and/or adjacent to the Coastal Plain and the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge. (g) All receipts from sales, rentals, bonuses, and royalties on leases issued pursuant to this Act shall be deposited into the Treasury and allocated in accordance with applicable law. PROTECTION OF FISH AND WILDLIFE RESOURCES AND OTHER ENVIRONMENTAL VALUES SEC. 6. (a) Prior to conducting a competitive oil and gas lease sale pursuant to section 5, the Secretary shall promulgate such stipulations, rules, and regulations as he determines are necessary and appropriate to ensure that oil and gas exploration, development, production, and transportation activities undertaken in the Coastal Plain are conducted to achieve the reasonable protection of the fish and wildlife resources, environment and subsistence uses of the Coastal Plain. (b)(1) The `Arctic National Wildlife Refuge, Alaska, Coastal Plain Resource Assessment' prepared by the Secretary pursuant to section 1002(h) of the Alaska National Interest Lands Conservation Act of 1980 (Public Law 96-487) and the legislative environmental impact statement incorporated into the Assessment pursuant to the National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 (Public Law 91-190) shall satisfy all legal requirements under those laws with respect to any action taken to develop rules and regulations and procedures for a competitive oil and gas leasing program or to conduct particular lease sales in the Coastal Plain. No further studies, reports, or assessments shall be required before the Secretary or other appropriate federal officials take such action. (2) Nothing in this Act shall be construed to affect the applicability of the National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 to phases of oil and gas development, production, and transportation subsequent to initial leasing and exploration. Consistent with the general authority of the Secretary as described in section 5 of this Act, environmental laws of general applicability to oil and gas operations and permitting shall continue to be applied. IMPACT AID SEC. 7. The Secretary, after consulting with the Governor of Alaska, is authorized and directed to provide such impact aid, planning advice, and other appropriate assistance to communities on the North Slope and elsewhere in Alaska as is required to ensure the availability of public services needed to accommodate oil and gas exploration, development, production, and transportation in the Coastal Plain.