Text: H.R.49 — 101st Congress (1989-1990)All Information (Except Text)

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HR 49 IH
101st CONGRESS
1st Session
 H. R. 49
To authorize the Secretary of the Interior to lease, in an expeditious and
environmentally sound manner, lands in the Coastal Plain of the Arctic National
Wildlife Refuge for oil and gas exploration, development, and production.
IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES
January 3, 1989
Mr. YOUNG of Alaska introduced the following bill; which was referred jointly
to the Committees on Interior and Insular Affairs and Merchant Marine and
Fisheries
A BILL
To authorize the Secretary of the Interior to lease, in an expeditious and
environmentally sound manner, lands in the Coastal Plain of the Arctic National
Wildlife Refuge for oil and gas exploration, development, and production.
  Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United
  States of America in Congress assembled, That this Act may be cited as the
  `Arctic Coastal Plain Leasing Act of 1987'.
CONGRESSIONAL FINDINGS
  SEC. 2. As the basis for the declaration of policy and authorizations set
  forth in subsequent provisions of this Act, the Congress finds that--
  (1) the Nation's domestic crude oil production is in substantial decline
  and dependence upon unreliable foreign sources of oil is growing at an
  alarming rate;
  (2) production from the Prudhoe Bay oil fields on Alaska's North Slope,
  which now constitutes over 20 per centum of the Nation's total domestic
  crude oil production, will begin to decline rapidly in 1988;
  (3) in 1980, Congress designated approximately one-half of the 18 million
  acre Arctic National Wildlife Refuge in Alaska as wilderness and directed
  the Secretary of the Interior to study the oil and gas potential and the
  fish and wildlife resources of the Refuge's 1.5 million Coastal Plain,
  which lies east of Prudhoe Bay;
  (4) reports prepared by the Department of the Interior and other Federal,
  State, and private studies clearly indicate that the Coastal Plain is the
  most outstanding oil and gas prospect in the United States, onshore or
  offshore, with potential reserves in place estimated to be from 4.8 to
  29.4 billion barrels of oil;
  (5) the results of eighteen years of operations at Prudhoe Bay are compelling
  evidence that carefully planned and executed oil and gas exploration,
  development, production, and transportation is compatible with the North
  Slope's fish and wildlife resources and the needs of subsistence users of
  those resources; and
  (6) the long lead time, ten or more years, needed for development of a
  new North Slope oil field requires a prompt decision by Congress on the
  future use of Federal lands in the Coastal Plain.
DECLARATION OF POLICY
  SEC. 3. (a) The Congress declares that--
  (1) it is in the national interest of the United States to permit
  exploration, development, production, and transportation of oil and gas
  resources in the Coastal Plain of the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge,
  which is--
  (A) located adjacent to Prudhoe Bay, an area where intensive oil development
  has been conducted in an environmentally sound manner, and
  (B) served by an existing crude oil pipeline and tanker transportation
  system; and
  (2) exploration, development, production, and transportation of the Coastal
  Plain's oil and gas resources, which is supported by the State of Alaska,
  the North Slope Borough and other local governments in Alaska, and the
  Inupiat Eskimo people of the North Slope, serve vital interests of the
  Nation, including--
  (A) the national security by providing dependable new sources of domestic
  oil production outside of the control and influence of the Organization
  of Petroleum Exporting Countries;
  (B) American consumers by expanding domestic sources of reasonably priced
  gasoline, jet fuel, heating oil, and other crude oil products, and
  (C) the national economy by improving the balance of trade through reductions
  in foreign oil imports, by generating new economic activity and creating
  new jobs, and by reducing the Federal deficit through increased tax and
  royalty revenues.
  (b) The Congress declares that it is the policy of the United States that--
  (1) exploration, development, production, and transportation of the oil
  and gas resources of the Coastal Plain, the Nation's foremost prospect for
  the discovery of new giant and super giant oil fields, should proceed with
  dispatch; and
  (2) such activities should be conducted in a manner consistent with
  the protection of the Coastal Plain's fish and wildlife resources and
  environment and the needs of the area's subsistence users.
DEFINITIONS
  SEC. 4. For purposes of this Act, the term--
  (a) `Secretary' means the Secretary of the Interior; and
  (b) `Coastal Plain' means that portion of the Arctic National Wildlife
  Refuge identified in section 1002(b)(1) of the Alaska National Interest
  Lands Conservation Act of 1980 (Public Law 96-487).
AUTHORIZATION FOR LEASING OF THE COASTAL PLAIN
  SEC. 5. (a) The Congress hereby authorizes and directs the Secretary of the
  Interior through whatever agency of the Department he deems appropriate
  and other appropriate Federal officers and agencies to take such actions
  as are necessary to establish and promptly implement a competitive oil
  and gas leasing program that will assure the expeditious exploration,
  development and production of the oil and gas resources of the Coastal
  Plain of the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge.
  (b) This authorization includes, incorporates and supplements the provisions
  of existing Federal law on oil and gas leasing and development on Federal
  lands and grants such new legislative authority as is necessary to enable
  the Secretary to authorize and permit all such activities as are required
  to achieve the expeditious exploration, development and production of the
  oil and gas resources of the Coastal Plain. These activities include all
  activities associated with and required in the exploration, development,
  production and transportation of the oil and gas resources of the Coastal
  Plain, and include, but are not limited to, the authorization and granting
  of rights-of-way, permits, leases, use permits and such other authorizations
  as are necessary to facilitate exploration, development, production of oil
  and gas resources on lands within the Coastal Plain and their transportation.
  (c) The leasing program required by subsection (a) shall include the
  following elements:
  (1) The first lease sale shall be conducted within twelve months of the
  date of enactment of this Act.
  (2) The Secretary is authorized to grant to the highest responsible qualified
  bidder or bidders by competitive bidding, under regulations promulgated
  in advance, any oil and gas lease on unleased Federal lands within the
  Coastal Plain. Such regulations may provide for the deposit of cash bids in
  an interest-bearing account until the Secretary announces his decision on
  whether to accept the bids, with the interest earned thereon to be paid to
  the Treasury as to bids that are accepted and to the unsuccessful bidders
  as to bids that are rejected. The bidding shall be conducted as determined
  by the Secretary pursuant to bidding systems included in section 205(A)(1)
  (A) through (H) of the Outer Continental Shelf Lands Act, as amended,
  of 1978 (43 U.S.C. 1331).
  (3) The size of lease tracts may be up to eleven thousand five hundred
  and twenty acres but not less than two thousand five hundred and sixty
  acres, as determined by the Secretary: Provided, That the Secretary may
  lease tracts of less than two thousand five hundred and sixty acres if
  he determines tracts of smaller size are necessary to promote a more
  competitive leasing program or are necessary in certain locations to
  mitigate reasonably foreseeable impacts on the environment.
  (4) Each lease shall be issued for an initial period of up to ten years
  and shall be extended for so long thereafter as oil or gas is produced
  in paying quantities from the lease or unit area to which the lease
  is committed or as drilling or reworking operations as approved by the
  Secretary are conducted thereon.
  (d) This Act shall be considered the primary land management authorization
  for all activities associated with exploration, development and production
  from the Coastal Plain. No land management review shall be required except
  as specifically authorized by this Act.
  (e) Activities undertaken pursuant to this section shall include or provide
  for such conditions, restrictions, and prohibitions as the Secretary deems
  necessary or appropriate to mitigate reasonably foreseeable significant
  adverse effects on fish and wildlife and their habitats pursuant to section
  6 of this Act.
  (f) The Secretary is authorized to permit, subject to reasonable rules and
  regulations, on lands within the Coastal Plain all activities described
  in subsection (b) by owners of private lands within and/or adjacent to
  the Coastal Plain and the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge.
  (g) All receipts from sales, rentals, bonuses, and royalties on leases
  issued pursuant to this Act shall be deposited into the Treasury and
  allocated in accordance with applicable law.
PROTECTION OF FISH AND WILDLIFE RESOURCES AND OTHER ENVIRONMENTAL VALUES
  SEC. 6. (a) Prior to conducting a competitive oil and gas lease sale
  pursuant to section 5, the Secretary shall promulgate such stipulations,
  rules, and regulations as he determines are necessary and appropriate
  to ensure that oil and gas exploration, development, production, and
  transportation activities undertaken in the Coastal Plain are conducted
  to achieve the reasonable protection of the fish and wildlife resources,
  environment and subsistence uses of the Coastal Plain.
  (b)(1) The `Arctic National Wildlife Refuge, Alaska, Coastal Plain Resource
  Assessment' prepared by the Secretary pursuant to section 1002(h) of
  the Alaska National Interest Lands Conservation Act of 1980 (Public Law
  96-487) and the legislative environmental impact statement incorporated
  into the Assessment pursuant to the National Environmental Policy Act of
  1969 (Public Law 91-190) shall satisfy all legal requirements under those
  laws with respect to any action taken to develop rules and regulations
  and procedures for a competitive oil and gas leasing program or to conduct
  particular lease sales in the Coastal Plain. No further studies, reports,
  or assessments shall be required before the Secretary or other appropriate
  federal officials take such action.
  (2) Nothing in this Act shall be construed to affect the applicability
  of the National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 to phases of oil and gas
  development, production, and transportation subsequent to initial leasing
  and exploration. Consistent with the general authority of the Secretary
  as described in section 5 of this Act, environmental laws of general
  applicability to oil and gas operations and permitting shall continue to
  be applied.
IMPACT AID
  SEC. 7. The Secretary, after consulting with the Governor of Alaska,
  is authorized and directed to provide such impact aid, planning advice,
  and other appropriate assistance to communities on the North Slope and
  elsewhere in Alaska as is required to ensure the availability of public
  services needed to accommodate oil and gas exploration, development,
  production, and transportation in the Coastal Plain.