H.R.5055 - Violent Crime and Drug Control Act of 1990101st Congress (1989-1990)
|Sponsor:||Rep. Michel, Robert H. [R-IL-18] (Introduced 06/14/1990)|
|Committees:||House - Energy and Commerce; Public Works and Transportation; Merchant Marine and Fisheries; Ways and Means; Foreign Affairs; Banking, Finance, and Urban Affairs; Judiciary|
|Latest Action:||House - 07/02/1990 Referred to the Subcommittee on Health and the Environment. (All Actions)|
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Summary: H.R.5055 — 101st Congress (1989-1990)All Information (Except Text)
Violent Crime and Drug Control Act of 1990 - Title I: Effective Rehabilitation - Amends the Public Health Service Act to require States to develop and submit to the Secretary of Health and Human Services annually for review and approval a Statewide Drug Treatment Plan.
Introduced in House (06/14/1990)
Requires States to maintain expenditures for drug abuse-related services at a level equal to not less than the average amount of such expenditures for the preceding two years, unless the Secretary determines that extraordinary conditions in the State (currently, limited to economic conditions) justify the waiver. Directs the Secretary to promulgate implementing regulations, including the procedures by which a full or partial waiver may be granted.
Requires the Secretary of Education to: (1) develop a model curriculum regarding treatment for individuals who are addicted to drugs; and (2) disseminate such curriculum to medical schools. Authorizes appropriations.
Bars the Secretary of Health and Human Services from making certain payments under the Alcohol and Drug Abuse and Mental Health Services Block Grant program unless the State: (1) makes specified progress toward setting up a referral system through which individuals seeking drug abuse treatment can be informed of appropriate facilities in the State for obtaining such treatment; and (2) agrees to establish procedures to ensure that newborn infants of drug or alcohol abusing mothers are tested and evaluated for exposure to illegal drugs, to waive civil and criminal liability against qualified health care professionals conducting such test and evaluation in compliance with State-established procedures, and, if the newborn has been exposed to illegal drugs, to ensure that the necessary health care services are immediately made available to the mother and infant.
Extends to the Coast Guard coverage under the law providing for identification, treatment, and rehabilitation of members of the armed forces who are dependent on drugs or alcohol.
Title II: User Accountability and Drug Paraphernalia Restrictions - Subtitle A: User Accountability - Amends the Anti-Drug Abuse Act of 1988 to remove discretion from the courts and thus make mandatory the denial of Federal benefits for a fixed term after a conviction for distribution or possession of a controlled substance.
Requires the Office of Management and Budget (currently, the President) to report to the Congress by January 1, 1991 (currently, May 1, 1989) with regard to the withholding of Federal benefits, including a listing of each such benefit for which drug traffickers and possessors will be ineligible.
Specifies that the "approved" drug treatment program which an individual convicted of a controlled substance possession offense must successfully complete must be a program chosen by the court.
Restricts the allocation and distribution of funds under the Drug Control and System Improvement Grant program to States: (1) that do not have in effect, and which do not enforce, laws requiring the mandatory revocation of the driver's license for at least one year for specified drug offenses and a mandatory denial of requests by such individuals for the issuance or reinstatement of such license; and (2) in which the State legislature has not voted to exempt the State from the operation of such provisions. Allows such State laws, without risking loss of Federal funds under this Act, to provide that the license of a first, but not a subsequent, offender, be reinstated upon performance of three months community service by such offender who passes periodic drug tests during such service.
Prohibits the Secretary of the department in which the Coast Guard is operating from issuing a license, certificate of registry, or merchant mariner's document unless the applicant makes available to the Secretary information contained in the National Driver Register regarding the applicant's driving record. Directs the Secretary to: (1) review the criminal record of such an applicant; and (2) establish a testing program for use of a dangerous drug in violation of law for such applicant for issuance or renewal of a license or certificate of registry.
Limits the duration of certificates of registry to five years, subject to renewal for additional five-year periods (currently, unlimited).
Makes mariners' documents valid for five years, subject to renewal for additional five-year periods. Requires the Secretary to review the criminal record of applicants for renewal of mariners' documents, licenses, and certificates of registry.
Sets forth provisions with respect to termination of existing certificates of registry and merchant mariners' documents.
Requires the Secretary to: (1) request a holder of a license, certificate of registry, or merchant mariner's document to make available to the Secretary all information contained in the National Driver Register regarding the motor vehicle driving record of such individual; (2) establish a program for testing the holder of such a license for use of alcohol and dangerous drugs in violation of law; (3) temporarily suspend (subject to a hearing within 15 days) and take possession of the license held by an individual who performs a safety sensitive function on a vessel and where there is probable cause to believe that the individual has performed such function in violation of law, has been convicted of an offense that would prevent the issuance or renewal of the license, or has been convicted within the five-year period of an offense under the National Driver Register Act of 1982 (NDRA).
Defines "dangerous drug" to mean a narcotic, controlled substance, or marijuana.
Includes among the bases for license suspension or revocation conviction of an offense: (1) that would prevent the issuance or renewal of a license; or (2) under the NDRA within the five-year period preceding the suspension or revocation.
Authorizes the termination of a license revocation only after: (1) the Secretary decides that the issuance is compatible with good discipline and safety at sea; and (2) the former holder provides satisfactory proof that the bases for revocation are no longer valid.
Sets forth procedures for the removal of a master or individual in charge of a vessel reasonably believed to be under the influence of alcohol or dangerous drugs.
Amends the NDRA to: (1) authorize an individual who holds or who has applied for a license to request the chief driver licensing official of a State to transmit to the Secretary information regarding the motor vehicle driving record of the individual; and (2) require the Secretary to make the information available to the individual for review and written comment before denying, suspending, or revoking such license and to keep such information confidential, with exceptions.
Bars the transmission of motor vehicle driving record information which was entered in the register more than five years before the date of the request, unless such information relates to revocations or suspensions that are still in effect on the date of the request.
Applies penalties for the negligent operation of a vessel while "intoxicated" to negligent operation while "under the influence of alcohol, or a dangerous drug."
Subtitle B: Drug Paraphernalia Restrictions - Amends the Anti-Drug Abuse Act of 1986 to provide that criminal forfeiture of drug paraphernalia will be accomplished in accordance with procedures applicable to other criminal forfeiture provisions of the Controlled Substances Act (CSA).
Authorizes the Attorney General to bring a civil action and to seek injunctive relief and authorizes the court to assess a civil penalty of up to $100,000 for violations of the paraphernalia statute.
Provides for civil forfeiture of drug paraphernalia, other property involved, and property traceable to property involved in a violation of criminal forfeiture provisions.
Title III: Interdiction Improvements - Makes it unlawful for the pilot, operator, or person in charge of any aircraft which has crossed the U.S. border or is subject to U.S. jurisdiction operating outside the United States to refuse to obey the order of an authorized Federal law enforcement officer to land in cases involving enforcement of controlled substances or money laundering laws. Sets forth analogous provisions with respect to vessels. Establishes penalties for violation of such provisions. Specifies that any vessel or aircraft used in such a violation may be seized and forfeited.
Amends the Federal Aviation Act of 1958 to require: (1) revocation of the registration certificate of an aircraft that refuses to land when ordered to do so by a law enforcement officer; and (2) the Administrator of the Federal Aviation Administration to establish procedures for the owner of the aircraft to show cause why the factual predicate did not exist to trigger the revocation of the registration or why it would be in the public interest to issue a new certificate of registration to be effective concurrent with the revocation which occurred by operation of law.
Authorizes the Coast Guard to issue orders and make inquiries, searches, seizures, and arrests with respect to violations of U.S. laws occurring aboard any aircraft over the high seas and waters over which the United States has jurisdiction. Specifies the method by which orders to land an aircraft must be communicated.
Establishes a civil penalty for failure to comply with a lawful boarding or order to land.
Amends the Tariff Act of 1930 to: (1) authorize U.S. Customs officers to exercise their enforcement authority outside of the United States, including any location in which Customs officers are permitted to conduct inspections, examinations, or searches; and (2) provide civil penalties for failure of an aircraft to comply with customs officer orders to land or bring to and Tariff Act provisions regarding the boarding of vessels.
Title IV: International Narcotics Control - Amends the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 (FAA) to: (1) authorize the President to provide narcotics-related assistance to Bolivia, Colombia, and Peru; and (2) make funds available under such Act and the Arms Export Control Act for training and equipment for law enforcement agencies or other units in such countries organized for the specific purpose of narcotics enforcement.
Waives during FY 1991 provisions of the FAA and similar provisions relating to limitations on assistance to countries in default on obligations owed to the United States with respect to narcotics-related assistance for a country which is a major illicit drug-producing country because of its coca production.
Authorizes the President to provide assistance under the FAA to promote the production, processing, and marketing of products which can be produced economically in such countries in order to reduce dependence upon the production of crops from which narcotic and psychotropic drugs are derived.
Revises certain narcotics-related provisions of the FAA to: (1) authorize the use of funds for international narcotics control for defensive arming of U.S.-title aircraft used in narcotics control eradication or interdiction efforts and for personnel and agents participating in such efforts; and (2) make an exception to the provision requiring the President to withhold 50 percent of the assistance authorized and appropriated for a major drug-producing or drug-transit country pending the March 1 certification of narcotics cooperation if he determines that application of such provision would be contrary to the national interest. Repeals provisions requiring that any aircraft made available to a foreign country be provided only on a lease or loan basis.
Permits the assigning of more than six members of the armed forces to Military Assistance Groups in Bolivia and Peru.
Continues for FY 1991 the waiver of the requirement under the FAA to withhold 50 percent of annual foreign aid to major drug-transit countries which meet specified requirements, such as cooperation with the United States in achieving anti-narcotics objectives.
Amends the Federal criminal code to authorize the Secretary of State to order the surrender to a foreign country of a U.S. citizen whose extradition has been requested by such country even if the terms of the applicable treaty or convention do not obligate the United States to extradite its citizens.
Amends the Export-Import Bank Act of 1945 to extend the Export-Import Bank's authority to finance sales of defense articles and services for anti-narcotics purposes to September 30, 1992 (currently, expires September 30, 1990).
Expresses the sense of the Congress that: (1) practices of foreign governments that condone or permit illicit narcotics production and export are considered damaging to future trade relations with the United States; and (2) the Office of the U.S. Trade Representative should bring the matter of illicit narcotics production and export to the attention of appropriate countries, require foreign countries that tolerate such activities to address their elimination in a serious and effective manner, and consider rewarding foreign countries that make significant strides against drug trafficking with good trade relations with the United States.
Title V: Firearms and Related Amendments - Amends the Federal criminal code to prohibit the transfer of firearms to non-residents of the State in which the transferor resides.
Provides for the disposition of forfeited firearms.
Classifies as serious drug offenses for purposes of the Armed Career Criminal Act of 1984 serious drug offenses committed by juveniles.
Specifies that if a conviction was for a violent felony involving the threatened or actual use of a firearm or explosives, or was for a serious drug offense, such person shall be considered convicted for purposes of this Act irrespective of any pardon, setting aside, expunction, or restoration of civil rights.
Permits the judicial officer to consider pretrial detention with respect to certain firearms and explosives offenses.
Provides for enhanced penalties for: (1) the use of a semiautomatic firearm during a crime of violence or drug trafficking offense, with exceptions; and (2) possession of a firearm or explosive during the commission of such offenses. Makes enhanced penalties inapplicable in the presence of specified mitigating circumstances, unless the defendant engaged or participated in criminal conduct that gave rise to the occasion for the defendant's use of the firearm.
Sets forth penalties for smuggling firearms in aid of drug trafficking and for theft of firearms and explosives.
Bars the sale or possession of firearms and explosives to or by persons convicted of violent or serious misdemeanor drug or narcotic offenses.
Provides for the mandatory revocation of the supervised release of an individual for possession of a firearm.
Increases penalties for: (1) making knowingly false, material statements in connection with the acquisition of a firearm from a licensed dealer; and (2) a second offense of using an explosive to commit a Federal felony.
Amends the Internal Revenue Code to: (1) change from six to five years the statute of limitations for certain firearms offenses; and (2) provide for the summary forfeiture of unregistered National Firearms Act weapons, with provision for reimbursement for innocent owners.
Makes it unlawful for felons and others to possess explosives.
Authorizes the summary destruction of explosives subject to forfeiture under specified circumstances. Sets forth requirements for reimbursement of the value of destroyed property.
Title VI: Death Penalty - Amends the Federal criminal code to establish criteria for the imposition of the death penalty for Federal crimes.
Requires the Government, for any offense punishable by death, to serve notice upon the defendant a reasonable time before trial or acceptance of a plea, that it intends to seek the death penalty and the aggravating factors upon which it will rely.
Requires a separate sentencing hearing before a jury, or the court upon motion by the defendant, when the defendant is found guilty or pleads guilty to an offense punishable by death.
Allows the defendant and the Government to present any information relevant to sentencing, without regard to the rules of evidence, but permits evidence to be excluded where its probative value is substantially outweighed by the danger of creating unfair prejudice, confusing the issues, or misleading the jury.
Specifies mitigating factors which the defendant must establish by a preponderance of the information and aggravating factors which the Government must prove beyond a reasonable doubt.
Sets forth special aggravating factors for: (1) espionage, treason, homicide, and the attempted murder of the President; and (2) drug offenses punishable by the death penalty (such factors include previous serious drug felony convictions, use of a firearm in committing or furthering certain continuing criminal enterprises, use of minors in trafficking, and lethal adulteration of controlled substances.) Directs the court, or the jury by unanimous vote, to impose the death penalty upon a finding of at least one aggravating and no mitigating factor, or one or more aggravating factors which outweigh any mitigating factors.
States that no person who was under 18 years of age at the time of the offense may be sentenced to death.
Requires the court to instruct the jury not to consider the race, color, national origin, creed, or sex of the defendant or victim in its consideration of the sentence.
Establishes procedures for appeal from a death sentence. Requires the court of appeals, upon consideration of the record and the information and procedures of the sentencing hearing, to affirm the decision if: (1) the sentence was not imposed under the influence of passion, prejudice, or any other arbitrary factor; and (2) the information supports the finding of aggravating factors. Requires the court to provide a written explanation of its determination.
Sets forth procedures for the implementation of the sentence of death.
Limits the circumstances under which the offense of delivering defense information to aid foreign governments is punishable by death.
Provides for the imposition of the death penalty for: (1) murder committed by prisoners in Federal prisons; (2) kidnappings which result in the death of any person; (3) hostage takings which result in the death of any person; (4) attempting to kill the President of the United States (if such attempt results in bodily injury or comes dangerously close to causing the President's death); (5) "murder for hire;" (6) murder in the aid of a racketeering activity; (7) international terrorism (where the killing is a first-degree murder); (8) engaging in a criminal enterprise activity which results in death; (9) specified violations of the CSA, the Controlled Substances Import and Export Act, and the Maritime Drug Law Enforcement Act; and (10) genocide.
Increases the minimum sentence to life imprisonment for the crime of bank robbery which results in death.
Provides for appointment of counsel in Federal cases where a defendant is charged with a crime with respect to which a sentence of death is sought and is or becomes financially unable to obtain adequate representation. Sets forth additional provisions with respect to: (1) representation before and after review of judgment; (2) standards for competence of counsel; and (3) claims of ineffectiveness of counsel. Authorizes, in the discretion of the court, appointment of counsel for a petitioner who is or becomes financially unable to afford counsel in Federal habeas corpus proceedings involving State prisoners in capital cases.
Sets forth provisions regarding: (1) deadlines for collateral attacks on judgments imposing a sentence of death; and (2) stays of execution.
Title VII: Criminal Justice System Reform - Subtitle A: Habeas Corpus Proceedings Relating to Death Penalty Cases - Amends the Federal judicial code to set forth special habeas corpus procedures in capital cases. Applies such procedures to Federal habeas corpus cases brought by prisoners in State custody who are subject to a capital sentence. Makes the applicability of such procedures contingent upon a State establishing a mechanism for the appointment, compensation, and payment of reasonable litigation expenses of competent counsel in State post-conviction proceedings brought by indigent prisoners whose capital convictions and sentences have been upheld on direct appeal to the court of last resort in the State or have otherwise become final for State law purposes. States that the rule of court on statutes establishing such mechanism must provide standards of competency for the appointment of such counsel.
Directs that any such mechanism must offer counsel to all State prisoners under capital sentence and must provide for the entry of an order by a court of record: (1) appointing counsel to represent the prisoner upon a specified finding; (2) finding that the prisoner has rejected the offer of counsel and made the decision with an understanding of its legal consequences; or (3) denying the appointment of counsel upon a finding that the prisoner is not indigent.
Provides for a mandatory stay of execution during the post-conviction review initiated pursuant to this Act. Details conditions which will cause such stay to expire. Prohibits a Federal court, if one of such conditions has occurred, from entering a stay of execution or granting relief in a capital case unless: (1) the basis for the stay and request for relief is a claim not previously presented in the State or Federal courts; (2) the failure to raise the claim was the result of State action in violation of the Constitution or laws of the United States, was the result of a recognition by the Supreme Court of a new Federal right that is retroactively applicable, or is due to the fact that the claim is based on facts that could not have been discovered through the exercise of reasonable diligence in time to present the claim for State or Federal post-conviction review; and (3) the facts underlying the claim would be sufficient, if proven, to undermine the court's confidence in the jury's determination of guilt on the offense for which the death penalty was imposed.
Imposes time limits on filing for habeas corpus relief. Requires such time limits to be tolled under specified conditions.
Requires the district court, upon the development of a complete evidentiary record, to rule on the merits of the claims properly before it.
Makes the requirement for a certificate of probable cause inapplicable, with exceptions, where: (1) a second or successive petition is filed; and (2) certain requirements under a unitary review procedure (i.e., a State procedure that authorizes a person under sentence of death to raise, in the course of direct review of judgment, such claims as could be raised on collateral attack) are met.
Subtitle B: General Habeas Corpus Reform - Amends the Federal judicial code to prohibit consideration of a habeas corpus claim by a State prisoner unless actual prejudice resulted from the denial of a Federal right and: (1) State action precluded assertion of the right; (2) the Federal right asserted was newly recognized; (3) the factual basis of the claim could not have been discovered through the exercise of reasonable diligence prior to the procedural default; or (4) a constitutional violation asserted in the claim probably resulted in a factually erroneous conviction or a sentence predicated on an erroneous factual determination.
Establishes a one-year statute of limitations for habeas corpus actions brought by State prisoners.
Vests authority to issue certificates for probable cause for appeal of habeas corpus orders exclusively in the courts of appeals.
Permits denial on the merits of habeas corpus writs notwithstanding the failure to exhaust State remedies.
Prohibits the granting of a habeas corpus writ with respect to any claim which has been fully and fairly adjudicated in State proceedings.
Sets forth provisions regarding the appointment of counsel.
Subtitle C: Exclusionary Rule - Amends the Federal criminal code to bar the exclusion of evidence obtained as a result of a search or seizure carried out under circumstances justifying an objectively reasonable belief that it was in conformity with the fourth amendment.
Specifies that evidence shall not be excluded on the ground that it was obtained in violation of a statute, an administrative rule or regulation, or a rule of procedure unless exclusion is expressly authorized by statute or by a rule prescribed by the Supreme Court pursuant to statutory authority.
Title VIII: Criminal Alien Justice Act - Amends the Immigration and Nationality Act to authorize Immigration and Naturalization Service (INS) agents and officers to carry firearms and make arrests.
Revises the definition of "aggravated felony" for purposes of such Act.
Includes among the classes of aliens ineligible to receive visas and excluded from U.S. entry an alien who: (1) is in illicit possession of a controlled substance; and (2) has been convicted of an aggravated felony. Subjects such aliens to summary exclusion.
Subjects an alien convicted of an aggravated felony to an expedited summary deportation proceeding.
Requires Federal and State courts to notify the INS upon sentencing an alien to an aggravated felony.
Bars aliens who are aggravated felons and other criminal aliens from: (1) asylum; (2) a judicial recommendation against deportation; and (3) a deportation waiver based on length of U.S. domicile, family hardship, good moral character, and specified other grounds.
Title IX: Justice System Integrity and Accountability - Subtitle A: Public Corruption - Amends the Federal criminal code to prescribe penalties to be imposed against anyone who defrauds the inhabitants of the United States, Indian country, or a State or political subdivision of: (1) the honest services of a government official or employee; or (2) a fair and impartially conducted election process through the use of fraudulent ballots or voter registration forms, paying or offering to pay any person for voting, the filing of fraudulent campaign reports, intimidating or coercing an individual to vote (or decline to vote) or register (or decline to register) to vote, or the unauthorized alteration or substitution of a ballot.
Prescribes criminal penalties to be imposed upon any official who: (1) for financial gains uses interstate commerce to defraud the inhabitants of the United States, any State, political subdivision, or Indian tribal government, of the right to have government affairs conducted on the basis of complete, true, and accurate information; or (2) in order to carry out or conceal any scheme or artifice to defraud, discriminates, harasses, or takes adverse action against any employee or official of the United States or any State or political subdivision.
Amends mail fraud provisions to prohibit use of any facility of interstate or foreign commerce in the execution of a scheme or artifice to defraud.
Makes it a class B felony for a public official to corruptly demand or accept anything of value, personally or for another, in return for: (1) being influenced in the performance or nonperformance of any official act; or (2) being influenced to commit, collude in, or allow the commission of any offense against the United States or any State.
Makes it a class B felony for a public official to corruptly give, offer, or promise anything of value, to an official or to another, with intent to: (1) influence any official act; (2) influence such official to commit, collude in, or allow the commission of any offense against the United States or a State; or (3) influence such official to do or omit any act in violation of such official's lawful duty.
Grants Federal jurisdiction over an offense under this Act (with respect to narcotics-related corruption) which involves or is intended to further or conceal the illegal importation, manufacture, transportation, or distribution of any controlled substance or controlled substance analogue.
Subtitle B: Drug Testing - Requires: (1) the Director of the Administrative Office of the U.S. Courts to establish a program of drug testing of criminal defendants on post-conviction release; and (2) the chief probation officer in each district to arrange for the drug testing of such defendants.
Requires, as an explicit condition of probation, parole, or supervised release of a defendant involving a felony or a specified violent or drug offense, that the defendant refrain from any unlawful use of a controlled substance and submit to periodic drug tests. Sets limitations on the authority to require such tests and to take action against a defendant based on test results.
Provides for revocation of supervised release by a defendant placed on parole, probation, or post-imprisonment release if such defendant unlawfully uses a controlled substance or refuses to cooperate in drug testing.
Amends the Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act of 1968 to prohibit Federal assistance to any State that has not implemented a drug testing program for targeted classes of arrestees, prisoners, and persons on conditional or supervised release before or after conviction.
Directs the Attorney General to promulgate regulations for such program, based in part on scientific and technical standards determined by the Secretary of Health and Human Services to ensure the reliability and accuracy of test results. Specifies that such regulations may include guidelines or specifications concerning: (1) the classes of persons to be targeted for testing; (2) the drugs to be tested for; (3) the frequency and duration of testing; and (4) the effect of test results in decisions concerning the sentence, conditions to be imposed on release before or after conviction, and the granting, continuation, or termination of such release.
Subtitle C: Protection of Witnesses, Jurors, and Court Officers - Increases penalties for obstruction of justice offenses against court officers and jurors and for retaliatory killings of witnesses, victims, and informants.
Title X: Amendments Related to Asset Forfeiture, Controlled Substances, and Money Laundering - Subtitle A: Asset Forfeiture - Sets forth provisions regarding the transfer of appropriations from the Department of Justice Assets Forfeiture Fund to the Special Forfeiture Fund. Authorizes such transfers on a quarterly basis (currently, at the end of each fiscal year).
Amends the Federal judicial code to authorize the Attorney General to warrant clear title to a subsequent purchaser or transferee of forfeited property.
Amends the Federal criminal code to provide for the forfeiture of the proceeds of a foreign drug offense, except to the extent of an interest of an owner by reason of any act or omission established by that owner to have been committed or omitted without the knowledge, consent, or willful blindness of the owner.
Amends the Federal criminal code and the CSA to: (1) bar the use of bankruptcy proceedings to prevent a criminal forfeiture for violations of such Act; and (2) provide for nonabatement of criminal forfeiture when a defendant dies pending appeal.
Amends the CSA to provide for the forfeiture of: (1) personal property used to facilitate a drug offense; and (2) proceeds traceable to conveyances used to facilitate drug violations.
Authorizes the Attorney General or Secretary of the Treasury to transfer the forfeited personal property, or the proceeds of the sale of forfeited personal or real property, to a foreign country which participated in the seizure or forfeiture of the property, subject to specified conditions.
Amends the CSA to authorize the destruction of dangerous, toxic, or hazardous materials subject to forfeiture.
Amends the Federal judicial code to authorize the payment of awards for information or assistance leading to a civil or criminal forfeiture under any law enforced or administered by the Department of Justice. (Under current law, such authority is limited to forfeitures under specified Federal statutes.)
Eliminates a restriction on the disposal of judicially forfeited property by the Department of the Treasury and the U.S. Postal Service.
Provides that substitute assets will be forfeited by an intermediary who does not retain the laundered property if that person participates in three or more transactions involving $100,000 or more in a 12-month period.
Amends the Anti-Smuggling Act of 1935 to: (1) provide for the seizure and forfeiture of vehicles with concealed compartments under specified conditions; and (2) make the existence of any compartment or equipment built or outfitted for smuggling to be prima facie evidence that a vehicle, vessel, or other conveyance is being, has been, or is attempted to be employed in smuggling or in defrauding the revenue of the United States.
Authorizes the disclosure of grand jury information for use in connection with civil forfeiture proceedings.
Authorizes the Director of the Office of National Drug Control Policy to transfer funds to agencies responsible for carrying out the National Drug Program.
Subtitle B: Controlled Substances - Adds certain cocaine and drug conspiracy and attempt offenses committed by juveniles to the list of crimes for which prosecution as an adult is authorized if the Attorney General certifies that there is a substantial Federal interest in the case that justifies adult prosecution.
Amends the CSA and Controlled Substances Import and Export Act to define "felony drug offense" as an offense relating to narcotics, marihuana, depressants, or stimulants. Revises recidivist penalty provisions of such Acts to incorporate such term.
Provides for: (1) a sentence of mandatory life imprisonment without release and a fine for certain CSA convictions after two or more prior felony drug offense convictions; and (2) a mandatory fine of at least $1,000 for possession of a substance with a cocaine base under specified circumstances.
Increases the minimum prison sentence for use of underage persons in illegal drug transactions.
Amends the Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act of 1968 to provide for innovative intermediate sanctions programs in combination with drug testing, including boot camps, house arrest, electronic monitoring, intensive supervision, and community service.
Amends the Tariff Act of 1930 to require the payment of at least a $500 penalty for failure to declare a controlled substance.
Provides for enhanced penalties for drug trafficking in Federal prisons.
Authorizes funding through January 1, 1992, for Treasury undercover operations under the Anti-Drug Abuse Act of 1988.
Raises the cap for certain discretionary grants under the Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act of 1968 for drug and violent crime control programs .
Sets forth provisions requiring the fingerprinting and photographing of, and keeping of records and information concerning, juveniles found guilty of specified felony or controlled substances offenses.
Repeals provisions establishing procedures for special probation and record expungement for drug possessors.
Subtitle C: Money Laundering - Makes changes in the definition of "financial transaction" for purposes of the money laundering statute.
Amends the Anti-Drug Abuse Act of 1988 to continue the $10,000 cash transaction reporting requirement for another two years.
Amends the Right to Financial Privacy Act of 1978 (RFPA) to authorize the transfer of certain financial records to another agency if the transferring agency has reason to believe that the records are relevant to a matter within the jurisdiction of, or appropriate for analysis by, the receiving agency for law enforcement purposes.
Prohibits the disclosure of the existence or terms of a geographic targeting order.
Makes the RFPA inapplicable to a financial institution providing information that it has reason to believe may be relevant to a Bank Secrecy Act violation.
Exempts from liability a financial institution that: (1) ceases to do business with a customer because of suspicious transactions; and (2) discloses in good faith information and records relating to a customer violation of the Bank Secrecy Act.
Authorizes the warrantless search of outgoing mail at U.S. borders by the U.S. Customs Service when a customs officer has reasonable cause to suspect that there are monetary instruments being transported in such a letter.
Adds certain predicate offenses relating to financial institutions to the Federal money laundering statute.
Amends the RFPA to add conforming predicate laundering references to the "insider" exemption under such Act.
Subtitle D: Other Provisions - Authorizes the disclosure of cable television subscriber information to a Federal grand jury.
Amends the Anti-Drug Abuse Act of 1988 to permit an arrest warrant to be issued for a foreign fugitive about to enter the United States.
Authorizes State government personnel to assist in court-authorized electronic or wire interceptions.
Authorizes providers of electronic communication services to disclose specified information, upon written request, to a governmental entity.
Amends the Federal criminal code to provide that an element of an offense that the defendant knew that property was stolen or counterfeit may be established by proof that the defendant, as a result of an official representation as to the nature of the property, believed the property to be stolen or counterfeit.
Amends Federal criminal code provisions with respect to the sexual abuse of minors to: (1) include 12- and 13-year-olds within the scope of provisions prohibiting engaging in sexual acts with children; (2) revise the definition of sexual act to include the intentional touching, not through the clothing, of the genitalia of individuals under age 16 with intent to abuse, humiliate, harass, degrade, or arouse or gratify the sexual desire of any person; and (3) provide enhanced penalties for subsequent offenses.
Amends the Bankruptcy code to except from discharge under bankruptcy the payment of restitution under the Victim and Witness Protection Act of 1982.
Title XI: Drug War Bonds - Directs the Secretary of the Treasury to issue: (1) Drug War Bonds for a three-year period with a 12-year maturity date; and (2) Drug War Stamps to evidence payments for or on account of such bonds.
Specifies that the difference between the price paid and the amount received on redeeming a Drug War Savings Bond is interest under the Internal Revenue Code.
Authorizes a taxpayer to designate a specified portion of any tax overpayment or make cash contributions to the War on Drugs Trust Fund (established by this Act).
Authorizes the Attorney General to make expenditures from the Department of Justice Assets Forfeiture Fund into the War on Drugs Trust Fund.
Amends the Internal Revenue Code to establish the War on Drugs Trust Fund. Transfers to such Fund: (1) proceeds from the sale of Drug War Bonds and stamps; and (2) certain cash contributions and portions of tax overpayments. Prescribes expenditures from the War on Drugs Trust Fund, including the construction of Federal prison facilities and education and rehabilitation programs. Directs the Attorney General to make recommendations to the Congress regarding the merits of privatizing Federal prisons.
Title XII: Transportation Safety - Directs the Secretary of Transportation to establish testing programs for the use, in violation of law or Federal regulation, of controlled substances and of alcohol by individuals performing sensitive safety- or security-related functions for air carriers, motor carriers, rail carriers, pipeline facility operators, and recipients of assistance under the Urban Mass Transportation Act of 1964. Directs the Secretary to establish only those requirements applicable to foreign air and motor carriers that are consistent with U.S. international obligations, taking into consideration any applicable laws and regulations of foreign countries.
Requires the Secretary to conduct a program to reduce illegal drug activities at truck stops. Provides that such program may include security and law enforcement activities at truck stops and educational programs for truck stop operators and operators of commercial motor vehicles. Sets forth provisions with respect to matching of Federal appropriations for such program.
Amends the CSA to impose mandatory minimum criminal penalties for the unlawful distribution or possession of controlled substances within 1,000 feet of a truck stop or safety rest area. Prohibits the suspension of a sentence, granting of probation, or eligibility for parole until the individual has served the minimum required sentence under the Federal criminal code for any person who violates this Act after a prior conviction under this Act has become final.
Requires the U.S. Sentencing Commission to promulgate specified sentencing guidelines for violations of this Act. Bars multiple enhancements.