Text: H.R.5114 — 101st Congress (1989-1990)All Information (Except Text)

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--H.R.5114--
H.R.5114
One Hundred First Congress of the United States of America
AT THE SECOND SESSION
Begun and held at the City of Washington on Tuesday, the twenty-third day
of January,
one thousand nine hundred and ninety
An Act
Making appropriations for foreign operations, export financing, and related
programs for the fiscal year ending September 30, 1991, and for other purposes.
 Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States
 of America in Congress assembled, That the following sums are appropriated,
 out of any money in the Treasury not otherwise appropriated, for foreign
 operations, export financing, and related programs for the fiscal year
 ending September 30, 1991, and for other purposes, namely:
TITLE I--MULTILATERAL ECONOMIC ASSISTANCE
FUNDS APPROPRIATED TO THE PRESIDENT
International Financial Institutions
CONTRIBUTION TO THE INTERNATIONAL BANK FOR RECONSTRUCTION AND DEVELOPMENT
 For payment to the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development by
 the Secretary of the Treasury, for the United States share of the paid-in
 share portion of the increases in capital stock for the General Capital
 Increase, $110,592,409, to remain available until expended: Provided,
 That 25 per centum of the funds appropriated under this heading shall be
 withheld from obligation until the Secretary of the Treasury submits a
 report to the Committees on Appropriations which describes in detail the
 actions the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development has taken
 during the fiscal year 1990, and the actions it is contemplating for the
 fiscal year 1991, in support of energy and forestry conservation and family
 planning activities.
LIMITATION ON CALLABLE CAPITAL SUBSCRIPTIONS
 The United States Governor of the International Bank for Reconstruction and
 Development may subscribe without fiscal year limitation to the callable
 capital portion of the United States share of increases in capital stock
 in an amount not to exceed $2,899,610,241.
CONTRIBUTION TO THE INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT ASSOCIATION
 For payment to the International Development Association by the Secretary
 of the Treasury, $1,064,149,500, for the United States contribution to the
 replenishment, to remain available until expended: Provided, That, before
 obligating funds made available under this heading, the President shall
 reduce from the amount obligated the United States proportionate share of
 any loans approved by the Board of Directors for China for non-basic human
 needs since January 1, 1990: Provided further, That such funds withheld
 from obligation may be obligated only if the President certifies that it is
 in the national interest of the United States to do so: Provided further,
 That fifteen days prior to the obligation of such funds for the International
 Development Association, the President shall report his certification to the
 Committee on Appropriations and the Committee on Banking, Finance and Urban
 Affairs of the House of Representatives and the Committee on Appropriations
 and the Committee on Foreign Relations of the Senate.
CONTRIBUTION TO THE INTERNATIONAL FINANCE CORPORATION
 For payment to the International Finance Corporation by the Secretary of
 the Treasury, $40,330,972, for the United States share of the increase in
 subscriptions to capital stock, to remain available until expended.
CONTRIBUTION TO THE INTER-AMERICAN DEVELOPMENT BANK
 For payment to the Inter-American Development Bank by the Secretary of
 the Treasury for the United States share of the paid-in share portion
 of the increase in capital stock, $57,449,324, and for the United States
 share of the increases in the resources of the Fund for Special Operations,
 $20,850,016, to remain available until expended: Provided, That the Secretary
 of the Treasury shall instruct the United States Executive Director of the
 Inter-American Development Bank to use the voice and vote of the United
 States to oppose any assistance by the Bank to any recipient of assistance
 who refuses to agree in writing that in general any procurement of goods
 or services utilizing Bank funds shall be conducted in a manner that does
 not discriminate on the basis of nationality against any member country,
 firm or person interested in providing such goods or services.
LIMITATION ON CALLABLE CAPITAL SUBSCRIPTIONS
 The United States Governor of the Inter-American Development Bank may
 subscribe without fiscal year limitation to the callable capital portion
 of the United States share of such capital stock in an amount not to exceed
 $2,235,076,561.
INTER-AMERICAN INVESTMENT CORPORATION
 For payment to the Inter-American Investment Corporation by the Secretary
 of the Treasury, $13,000,000, for the United States share of the capital
 stock of the Corporation, to remain available until expended.
CONTRIBUTION TO THE ASIAN DEVELOPMENT FUND
 For the United States contribution by the Secretary of the Treasury to the
 increases in resources of the Asian Development Fund, as authorized by the
 Asian Development Bank Act, as amended (Public Law 89-369), $126,854,000,
 to remain available until expended.
CONTRIBUTION TO THE AFRICAN DEVELOPMENT FUND
 For payment to the African Development Fund by the Secretary of the Treasury,
 $105,451,500, for the United States contribution to the fifth replenishment
 of the African Development Fund, to remain available until expended.
CONTRIBUTION TO THE AFRICAN DEVELOPMENT BANK
 For payment to the African Development Bank by the Secretary of the Treasury,
 for the paid-in share portion of the United States share of the increase
 in capital stock, $10,135,766, to remain available until expended.
LIMITATION ON CALLABLE CAPITAL SUBSCRIPTIONS
 The United States Governor of the African Development Bank may subscribe
 without fiscal year limitation to the callable capital portion of the United
 States share of such capital stock in an amount not to exceed $135,389,294.
CONTRIBUTION TO THE EUROPEAN BANK FOR RECONSTRUCTION AND DEVELOPMENT
 For payment to the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development by
 the Secretary of the Treasury, $70,020,600, for the United States share of
 the paid-in share portion of the initial capital subscription, to remain
 available until expended.
LIMITATION ON CALLABLE CAPITAL SUBSCRIPTIONS
 The United States Governor of the European Bank for Reconstruction and
 Development may subscribe without fiscal year limitation to the callable
 capital portion of the United States share of such capital stock in an
 amount not to exceed $163,381,400.
CONTRIBUTION TO THE ENHANCED STRUCTURAL ADJUSTMENT FACILITY OF THE
INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND
 For payment to the Interest Subsidy Account of the Enhanced Structural
 Adjustment Facility of the International Monetary Fund, $10,602,000, to
 remain available until expended.
INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS AND PROGRAMS
 For necessary expenses to carry out the provisions of sections 301 and
 103(g) of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961, and of section 2 of the
 United Nations Environment Program Participation Act of 1973, $284,730,000:
 Provided, That no funds shall be available for the United Nations Fund for
 Science and Technology: Provided further, That the total amount of funds
 appropriated under this heading shall be made available only as follows:
 $109,000,000 for the United Nations Development Program; $75,000,000 for
 the United Nations Children's Fund, of which amount 75 per centum (less
 amounts withheld consistent with section 307 of the Foreign Assistance
 Act of 1961 and section 526 of this Act) shall be obligated and expended
 no later than thirty days after the date of enactment of this Act and 25
 per centum of which shall be expended within thirty days from the start of
 the United Nations Children's Fund fourth quarter of operations for 1991;
 $2,000,000 for the United Nations Capital Development Fund; $800,000 for the
 United Nations Development Fund for Women; $200,000 for the United Nations
 International Research and Training Institute for the Advancement of Women;
 $200,000 for the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change; $2,000,000 for
 the International Convention and Scientific Organization Contributions;
 $2,000,000 for the World Meteorological Organization Voluntary Cooperation
 Program; $500,000 for the World Meteorological Organization Special Fund for
 Climate Studies; $23,555,000 for the International Atomic Energy Agency;
 $15,800,000 for the United Nations Environment Program; $800,000 for
 the United Nations Educational and Training Program for Southern Africa;
 $500,000 for the United Nations Trust Fund for South Africa; $750,000 for
 the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species; $450,000 for
 the World Heritage Fund; $100,000 for the United Nations Voluntary Fund for
 Victims of Torture; $245,000 for the United Nations Fellowship Program;
 $400,000 for the United Nations Center on Human Settlements; $500,000
 for the United Nations Industrial Development Organization Investment
 Promotion Service; $10,000,000 for the Organization of American States;
 $6,500,000 for the United Nations Afghanistan Trust Fund; $1,000,000 for
 the International Tropical Timber Organization; $1,000,000 for the World
 Food Program; $680,000 for the International Union for the Conservation of
 Nature; $500,000 for the Tropical Forestry Action Plan; $250,000 for the
 Ramsar Convention on Wetlands of International Importance Especially as
 Waterfowl Habitat; and $30,000,000 for the United States contributions to
 the replenishment of the International Fund for Agricultural Development:
 Provided further, That funds appropriated under this heading may be made
 available for the International Atomic Energy Agency only if the Secretary
 of State determines (and so reports to the Congress) that Israel is not
 being denied its right to participate in the activities of that Agency:
 Provided further, That funds appropriated under this heading may be made
 available for the Tropical Forestry Action Plan (TFAP) only if the Secretary
 of State determines (and so reports to the Congress) that (1) the TFAP has
 been reorganized, with an international steering committee and secretariat
 independent of the Food and Agriculture Organization, and includes the
 participation of a broad range of experts in its administration, (2) the
 responsibilities of TFAP have been broadened to include areas outside the
 forestry sector, and (3) procedures exist to ensure increased participation
 in national TFAP plans by affected populations and interested individuals
 and organizations outside the forestry sector.
TITLE II--BILATERAL ECONOMIC ASSISTANCE
FUNDS APPROPRIATED TO THE PRESIDENT
 For expenses necessary to enable the President to carry out the provisions
 of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961, and for other purposes, to remain
 available until September 30, 1991, unless otherwise specified herein,
 as follows:
Agency for International Development
AGRICULTURE, RURAL DEVELOPMENT, AND NUTRITION, DEVELOPMENT ASSISTANCE
 For necessary expenses to carry out the provisions of section 103,
 $481,635,000: Provided, That not less than $5,000,000 shall be provided
 for new development projects of private entities and cooperatives for
 dairy development: Provided further, That not less than $10,000,000
 shall be provided for the Vitamin A Deficiency Program: Provided further,
 That not less than $225,000 shall be provided to support continued United
 States participation in the Associate Professional Officers Program of the
 international food agencies.
POPULATION, DEVELOPMENT ASSISTANCE
 For necessary expenses to carry out the provisions of section 104(b),
 $250,000,000: Provided, That none of the funds made available in this
 Act nor any unobligated balances from prior appropriations may be made
 available to any organization or program which, as determined by the
 President of the United States, supports or participates in the management
 of a program of coercive abortion or involuntary sterilization: Provided
 further, That none of the funds made available under this heading may
 be used to pay for the performance of abortion as a method of family
 planning or to motivate or coerce any person to practice abortions; and
 that in order to reduce reliance on abortion in developing nations, funds
 shall be available only to voluntary family planning projects which offer,
 either directly or through referral to, or information about access to,
 a broad range of family planning methods and services: Provided further,
 That in awarding grants for natural family planning under section 104 of
 the Foreign Assistance Act no applicant shall be discriminated against
 because of such applicant's religious or conscientious commitment to offer
 only natural family planning; and, additionally, all such applicants shall
 comply with the requirements of the previous proviso: Provided further,
 That nothing in this subsection shall be construed to alter any existing
 statutory prohibitions against abortion under section 104 of the Foreign
 Assistance Act: Provided further, That funds appropriated under this heading
 for family planning purposes shall not be reduced by a proportion greater
 than other functional development assistance accounts in order to comply
 with requirements to provide assistance from funds appropriated to carry
 out chapter 1 of part I or to carry out part I of the Foreign Assistance
 Act of 1961: Provided further, That of the funds appropriated under this
 heading, not less than 65 per centum shall be made available for the Office
 of Population of the Agency for International Development: Provided further,
 That in addition to funds otherwise available for such purposes, of the funds
 appropriated under this heading up to 5 per centum may be used for operating
 expenses for the administration of family planning assistance programs.
health, development assistance
 For necessary expenses to carry out the provisions of section 104(c),
 $135,000,000: Provided, That of the funds appropriated under this heading
 not less than $5,000,000 shall be provided for activities relating to the
 control, prevention, and eradication of River Blindness.
INTERNATIONAL AIDS PREVENTION AND CONTROL PROGRAM
 For necessary expenses to carry out the provisions of chapter 1 of part I of
 the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961, $52,000,000, which shall be made available
 only for activities relating to research on, and the treatment and control
 of, acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) in developing countries:
 Provided, That of the funds appropriated under this heading $23,000,000
 shall be provided directly to the World Health Organization for its use in
 financing the Global Program on AIDS, including activities implemented by the
 Pan American Health Organization: Provided further, That funds appropriated
 under this heading may be made available notwithstanding any provision of
 law (except section 620A of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 and sections
 512 and 556 of this Act) which restricts assistance to foreign countries.
CHILD SURVIVAL FUND
 For necessary expenses to carry out the provisions of section 104(c)(2),
 $100,000,000.
EDUCATION AND HUMAN RESOURCES
DEVELOPMENT, DEVELOPMENT ASSISTANCE
 For necessary expenses to carry out the provisions of section 105,
 $134,201,000: Provided, That not less than $1,500,000 of the funds
 appropriated under this heading shall be made available for the Caribbean
 Law Institute: Provided further, That $5,400,000 of the funds appropriated
 under this heading shall be provided for Soviet and East European research
 and training under the Department of State's Title VIII program on Soviet
 and regional studies, notwithstanding any other provision of law: Provided
 further, That $10,000,000 of the funds appropriated by this paragraph shall
 be made available to carry out section 206 (relating to the Center for
 Cultural and Technical Interchange Between North and South) of the House
 engrossed amendment (as passed the House of Representatives on May 24, 1990)
 to the bill S. 2364, and that section is hereby enacted: Provided further,
 That not less than $67,100,000 of the funds appropriated under this heading
 and under the heading `Sub-Saharan Africa, Development Assistance' shall
 be available only for programs in basic primary and secondary education:
 Provided further, That in fiscal year 1991 the Agency for International
 Development shall initiate three new bilateral projects in basic primary
 and secondary education, at least two of which shall be initiated in
 sub-Saharan Africa: Provided further, That not less than $20,000,000 of
 the funds appropriated under this heading shall be made available for the
 International Student Exchange Program (for the Cooperative Association of
 States for Scholarships and the East Central European Scholarship Program),
 of which $3,000,000 shall be available, notwithstanding any other provision
 of law, for students from Poland, Hungary, and Czechoslovakia.
PRIVATE SECTOR, ENVIRONMENT, AND ENERGY, DEVELOPMENT ASSISTANCE
 For necessary expenses to carry out the provisions of section 106,
 $152,223,000: Provided, That not less than $7,500,000 shall be made available
 only for cooperative projects among the United States, Israel and developing
 countries of which not less than $5,000,000 shall be made available for the
 Cooperative Development Program, and of which not less than $2,500,000 shall
 be made available for cooperative development research projects: Provided
 further, That not less than $5,000,000 shall be made available only for the
 Central American Rural Electrification Support project: Provided further, That
 not less than $150,000 shall be for technical assistance and training programs
 for Soviet and Czechoslovakian statisticians and economists administered
 by the Bureau of Labor Statistics, notwithstanding any other provision of law.
SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY, DEVELOPMENT ASSISTANCE
 For necessary expenses to carry out the provisions of section 106, $8,624,000.
micro-enterprise development
 Of the funds appropriated by this Act to carry out chapter 1 of part I
 and chapter 4 of part II of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961, not less
 than $75,000,000 shall be made available for programs of credit and other
 assistance for micro-enterprises in developing countries: Provided,  That
 local currencies which accrue as a result of assistance provided to carry
 out the provisions of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 and the Agricultural
 Trade Development and Assistance Act of 1954 may be used for assistance for
 micro-enterprises: Provided further,  That such local currencies which are
 used for this purpose shall be in lieu of funds earmarked under this heading
 and shall reduce the amount earmarked for assistance for microenterprises
 by an equal amount.
SUB-SAHARAN AFRICA, DEVELOPMENT ASSISTANCE
 For necessary expenses to carry out the provisions of chapter 10 of
 part I of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961, as enacted by this Act,
 $800,000,000, to remain available until September 30, 1992: Provided,
 That up to $3,500,000 of the funds appropriated under this heading may be
 made available, notwithstanding any other provision of law, to support
 the participation of disadvantaged South Africans in private enterprise
 development in South Africa: Provided further,  That such assistance
 provided to support the participation of disadvantaged South Africans in
 private enterprise shall not be used to provide support to organizations or
 groups which are financed or controlled by the Government of South Africa:
 Provided further,  That not less than $50,000,000 of the funds appropriated
 under this heading may be made available to assist activities supported by
 the Southern Africa Development Coordination Conference: Provided further,
 That funds appropriated under this heading which are made available
 for activities supported by the Southern Africa Development Coordination
 Conference shall be made available notwithstanding section 518 of this Act
 and section 620(q) of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961: Provided further,
 That up to 5 per centum of the funds made available under this heading may
 be used for operating expenses of the Agency for International Development
 for increasing (above the level of resources available for fiscal year 1989)
 the organizational resources which the Agency has available for development
 assistance activities for sub-Saharan Africa, and shall be in addition to
 amounts otherwise allocated to the Agency's Bureau for Africa.
zaire
 None of the funds appropriated by this Act to carry out chapters 1 and 10
 of part I of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 shall be transferred to the
 Government of Zaire: Provided, That this provision shall not be construed
 to prohibit nongovernmental organizations from working with appropriate
 ministries or departments of the Government of Zaire.
ASSISTANCE FOR DISPLACED CHILDREN
 Of the aggregate of the funds appropriated by this Act to carry out part I of
 the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961, not less than $5,000,000 shall be made
 available for programs and activities for children who have become orphans
 as a result of the effects of drought, civil strife, and other natural
 and man-made disasters: Provided, That assistance under this heading shall
 be made available in accordance with the policies and general authorities
 contained in section 491 of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961.
HUMANITARIAN ASSISTANCE FOR CAMBODIAN CHILDREN
 Of the aggregate of the funds appropriated by this Act to carry out part
 I of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961, not less than $5,000,000 shall
 be made available, notwithstanding any other provision of law, to provide
 humanitarian assistance through international relief agencies and United
 States private and voluntary organizations to children within Cambodia:
 Provided, That none of the funds made available under this heading may be
 made available, directly or indirectly, for the Khmer Rouge.
ASSISTANCE FOR VICTIMS OF WAR
 Of the aggregate of the funds appropriated by this Act to carry out part
 I of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961, not less than $5,000,000 shall be
 made available, notwithstanding any other provision of law, for medical and
 related assistance, including the provision of prostheses and vocational
 rehabilitation and training, for civilians who have been injured as a result
 of civil strife and warfare.
WOMEN IN DEVELOPMENT
 In recognition that the full participation of women in, and the full
 contribution of women to, the development process are essential to achieving
 economic growth, a higher quality of life, and sustainable development in
 developing countries, not less than $5,000,000 of the funds appropriated
 by this Act to carry out part I of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961,
 in addition to funds otherwise available for such purposes, shall be used
 to encourage and promote the participation and integration of women as
 equal partners in the development process in developing countries, of
 which not less than $3,000,000 shall be made available as matching funds
 to support the activities of the Agency for International Development's
 field missions to integrate women into their programs: Provided, That the
 Agency for International Development shall seek to ensure that country
 strategies, projects, and programs are designed so that the percentage of
 women participants will be demonstrably increased.
PRIVATE AND VOLUNTARY ORGANIZATIONS
 None of the funds appropriated or otherwise made available by this Act
 for development assistance may be made available to any United States
 private and voluntary organization, except any cooperative development
 organization, which obtains less than 20 per centum of its total annual
 funding for international activities from sources other than the United
 States Government: Provided, That the requirements of the provisions of
 section 123(g) of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 and the provisions on
 private and voluntary organizations in title II of the `Foreign Assistance
 and Related Programs Appropriations Act, 1985' (as enacted in Public Law
 98-473) shall be superseded by the provisions of this section.
APPROPRIATE TECHNOLOGY
 Of the aggregate of the funds appropriated by this Act to carry out chapter
 1 of part I of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961, not less than $1,000,000
 shall be available for Appropriate Technology International: Provided,
 That these funds shall be in addition to $3,000,000 in funds available
 to Appropriate Technology International under its existing cooperative
 agreement with the Agency for International Development: Provided further,
 That Appropriate Technology International shall qualify, along with any
 cooperative development organization, for development assistance funds
 appropriated or otherwise made available by this Act for United States
 private and voluntary organizations.
HUMANITARIAN ASSISTANCE FOR ROMANIA
 Of the aggregate of the funds appropriated by this Act to carry out chapter
 1 of part I of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 (other than funds under
 the heading `Sub-Saharan Africa, Development Assistance'), not less than
 $3,000,000 shall be made available, notwithstanding any provision of law
 which restricts assistance to foreign countries, for humanitarian assistance
 for Romania. Of this amount--
 (1) $1,500,000 shall be made available for activities related to--
 (A) acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS), and other health and child
 survival activities particularly for the care and treatment of abandoned
 children, including the provision of food, medicine, and training of
 personnel;
 (B) improving the facilities available for the care of abandoned children; and
 (C) facilitating family reunification or adoption of abandoned children,
 including training of professional adoption specialists; and
 (2) $1,500,000 shall be made available for family planning assistance,
 subject to the following:
 (A) The prohibitions contained in section 104(f) of the Foreign Assistance
 Act of 1961 and section 535 of this Act (relating to prohibitions on
 funding for abortion as a method of family planning, coercive abortion,
 and involuntary sterilization) shall be applicable to funds made available
 under this paragraph.
 (B) Any recipient of funds under this paragraph shall be required to maintain
 them in a separate account and not commingle them with any other funds.
 (C) Each agreement entered into by the United States to obligate funds made
 available under this paragraph shall expressly state that the full amount
 granted by such agreement will be refunded to the United States if any
 United States funds are used for any family planning program in a country
 other than Romania, or for abortion services, involuntary sterilization,
 or coercive activities of any kind.
PRIVATE SECTOR REVOLVING FUND
 During fiscal year 1991, total commitments to guarantee loans shall not
 exceed $57,000,000 of contingent liability for loan principal: Provided,
 That, notwithstanding any other provision of law, the authority of section
 108(i) of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 may be used to provide up to
 $10,000,000 in loan guarantees for each of two projects during the fiscal
 year 1991: Provided further, That, notwithstanding any other provision
 of law, there shall be held in reserve in the revolving fund account
 established pursuant to section 108 of that Act only such amounts as are
 estimated to be sufficient to cover the expected net liabilities on loan
 guarantees outstanding under the program authorized by section 108(i):
 Provided further, That to the extent that funds held in reserve are not
 adequate to discharge liabilities under guarantees provided under section
 108(i), funds appropriated under the heading `Economic Support Fund' shall
 be made available to discharge such liabilities.
 During fiscal year 1991, obligations for assistance from amounts in the
 revolving fund account under section 108 shall not exceed $15,000,000.
AMERICAN SCHOOLS AND HOSPITALS ABROAD
 For necessary expenses to carry out the provisions of section 214,
 $29,000,000.
INTERNATIONAL DISASTER ASSISTANCE
 For necessary expenses to carry out the provisions of section 491,
 $40,000,000, to remain available until expended: Provided, That not less
 than $500,000 of the funds appropriated under this heading may be made
 available for assistance for children who have become orphans as a result
 of natural disasters.
PAYMENT TO THE FOREIGN SERVICE RETIREMENT AND DISABILITY FUND
 For payment to the `Foreign Service Retirement and Disability Fund', as
 authorized by the Foreign Service Act of 1980, $40,341,000.
OPERATING EXPENSES OF THE AGENCY FOR INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT
 For necessary expenses to carry out the provisions of section 667,
 $435,000,000: Provided, That in order to effectively monitor its program
 for the West Bank and Gaza, the Agency for International Development shall
 station one professional at either the Consulate General in Jerusalem or
 the Embassy in Tel Aviv.
OPERATING EXPENSES OF THE AGENCY FOR INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT OFFICE OF
INSPECTOR GENERAL
 For necessary expenses to carry out the provisions of section 667,
 $33,884,000, which sum shall be available only for the operating expenses
 of the Office of the Inspector General notwithstanding section 451 or 614 of
 the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 or any other provision of law: Provided,
 That up to 3 per centum of the amount made available under the heading
 `Operating Expenses of the Agency for International Development' may be
 transferred to and merged and consolidated with amounts made available
 under this heading: Provided further, That except as may be required by
 an emergency evacuation affecting the United States diplomatic missions
 of which they are a component element, none of the funds in this Act,
 or any other Act, may be used to relocate the overseas Regional Offices
 of the Inspector General to a location within the United States without
 the express approval of the Inspector General: Provided further, That the
 total number of positions authorized for the Office of Inspector General in
 Washington and overseas shall be not less than two hundred and fifty-one at
 September 30, 1991: Provided further, That up to $1,000,000 of the funds
 appropriated under the heading `Assistance for Eastern Europe' shall be
 made available for the Office of the Inspector General of the Agency for
 International Development to carry out audit and other responsibilities
 with regard to assistance programs for Eastern Europe: Provided further,
 That the Inspector General of the Agency for International Development
 may, at his discretion and after consultation with the Secretary of State,
 establish a regional office in Europe in order to carry out audit and other
 responsibilities with regard to assistance programs for Eastern Europe.
HOUSING AND OTHER CREDIT GUARANTY PROGRAMS
 During the fiscal year 1991, total commitments to guarantee loans shall not
 exceed $150,000,000 of contingent liability for loan principal: Provided,
 That the President shall enter into commitments to guarantee such loans in the
 full amount provided under this heading, subject only to the availability of
 qualified applicants for such guarantees: Provided further, That guarantees
 issued under this heading shall guarantee 100 per centum of the principal and
 interest payable on such loans: Provided further, That no loans guaranteed
 under this heading shall be issued or held by the Federal Financing Bank:
 Provided further, That the limitation under this heading on total guarantee
 commitments which may be made in fiscal year 1991 shall not include the
 additional authority to enter into guarantee commitments provided in Public
 Law 101-302: Provided further, That pursuant to section 223(e)(2) of the
 Foreign Assistance Act of 1961, and notwithstanding the dollar limitation
 contained in that section, the borrowing authority provided therein may be
 exercised in such amounts as may be necessary to retain an adequate level
 of contingency reserves for the fiscal year 1991: Provided further, That
 section 222(a) of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 is amended by striking
 out `September 30, 1991' and inserting in lieu thereof `September 30, 1992':
 Provided further, That section 223(j) of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961
 shall not apply to commitments to guaranty loans, for which authority is
 provided under this heading, for Chile and Poland.
ECONOMIC SUPPORT FUND
 For necessary expenses to carry out the provisions of chapter 4 of part
 II, $3,141,000,000: Provided, That of the funds appropriated under this
 heading, not less than $1,200,000,000 shall be available only for Israel,
 which sum shall be available on a grant basis as a cash transfer and shall be
 disbursed within thirty days of enactment of this Act or by October 31, 1990,
 whichever is later: Provided further, That of the funds made available under
 this heading for Israel, during the period of the Desert Shield emergency up
 to $200,000,000 may be used by Israel, notwithstanding section 531(e) of the
 Foreign Assistance Act of 1961, for any of the purposes for which military
 assistance is provided: Provided further, That not less than $815,000,000
 shall be available only for Egypt, which sum shall be provided on a grant
 basis, and of which sum cash transfer assistance may be provided, with the
 understanding that Egypt will undertake significant economic reforms which
 are additional to those which were undertaken in previous fiscal years, and
 of which not less than $200,000,000 shall be provided as Commodity Import
 Program assistance: Provided further, That in exercising the authority
 to provide cash transfer assistance for Israel and Egypt, the President
 shall ensure that the level of such assistance does not cause an adverse
 impact on the total level of nonmilitary exports from the United States to
 each such country: Provided further, That it is the sense of the Congress
 that the recommended levels of assistance for Egypt and Israel are based in
 great measure upon their continued participation in the Camp David Accords
 and upon the Egyptian-Israeli peace treaty: Provided further, That of
 the funds appropriated under this heading and allocated for El Salvador,
 up to $1,500,000 (or the equivalent in local currencies generated with
 funds provided to El Salvador under this heading) may be made available,
 notwithstanding section 660 of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961, to assist
 the Government of El Salvador's Special Investigative Unit, including for the
 purpose of bringing to justice those responsible for the murders of United
 States citizens in El Salvador: Provided further, That none of the funds
 appropriated under this heading may be made available for El Salvador's
 Special Investigative Unit until 15 days after receipt by the Committees
 on Appropriations of a report from the Secretary of State which transmits
 a plan of the Government of El Salvador to transfer the Unit from military
 to civilian control, including the time period within which this transfer
 is to occur and the actions that will be taken to effect such a transfer:
 Provided further, That section 534(e) of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961
 is amended by (1) striking `fiscal year 1990' and inserting in lieu thereof
 `fiscal year 1991'; and (2) striking `September 30, 1990' and inserting
 in lieu thereof `September 30, 1991': Provided further, That not less than
 $35,000,000 shall be made available for Jordan: Provided further, That not
 less than $12,000,000 of the funds appropriated under this heading shall be
 made available for the West Bank and Gaza Program through the Asia and Near
 East regional program: Provided further, That not less than $15,000,000 of
 the funds appropriated under this heading shall be made available for Cyprus,
 including bicommunal projects and confidence building measures designed
 to reduce tensions and to promote peace and cooperation between the two
 communities on Cyprus, with highest priority given to the resettlement
 of the Famagusta/Varosha area under the auspices of the United Nations:
 Provided further, That not less than $20,000,000 of the funds appropriated
 under this heading shall be made available for Morocco: Provided further,
 That of the funds appropriated under this heading up to $62,500,000 may be
 used, subject to the regular notification procedures of the Committees on
 Appropriations, to provide economic, administration of justice, military
 and law enforcement assistance for the countries in the Andean region
 notwithstanding sections 531(e) and 660 of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961:
 Provided further, That any funds made available under the authority of the
 previous proviso which are used for military and law enforcement assistance
 shall be considered Foreign Military Financing Program funds for purposes
 of the limitation on the use of such funds contained in section 559(a)(4)
 of this Act: Provided further, That none of the funds appropriated under
 this heading shall be made available for Zaire: Provided further, That,
 prior to the initial obligation of assistance for El Salvador from funds
 appropriated under this heading, the President shall report to the Congress
 on the extent to which the Government of El Salvador has made demonstrable
 progress in settling outstanding expropriation claims of American citizens in
 compliance with the judgment of the Supreme Court of El Salvador: Provided
 further, That during fiscal years 1991 and 1992, of the local currencies
 generated from funds made available under this heading for El Salvador by
 this Act and prior appropriations Acts, the United States and El Salvador
 shall jointly program the El Salvador colones equivalent of a total of
 $10,000,000 for the purpose of retiring the debt owed by the University of
 Central America to the Inter-American Development Bank: Provided further,
 That not more than $300,000,000 of the funds appropriated under this
 heading may be made available to finance tied aid credits, unless the
 President determines it is in the national interest to provide in excess
 of $300,000,000 and so notifies the Committees on Appropriations through
 the regular notification procedures of the Committees on Appropriations:
 Provided further, That up to $20,000,000 of the funds appropriated under
 this heading may be made available to provide grant assistance to capitalize
 an endowment to be used by nongovernmental organizations to enable such
 organizations to purchase the discounted commercial debt of Mexico as
 part of a debt-for-development exchange: Provided further, That a grant
 for the purposes of such an endowment may be made only if nongovernmental
 contributions have been made in an equal amount to capitalize the endowment:
 Provided further, That such debt-for-development exchanges for Mexico shall
 support the objectives of chapter 1 of part I of the Foreign Assistance Act of
 1961: Provided further, That of the funds appropriated under this heading, not
 less than $200,000 shall be transferred to the Bureau of Oceans, International
 Environment and Scientific Affairs of the Department of State to be used
 only to implement the Antarctic Protection Act of 1990: Provided further,
 That none of the funds appropriated by this Act to carry out the provisions
 of chapters 1 and 10 of part I of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 may be
 used for tied-aid credits: Provided further, That for purposes of the previous
 proviso the term `tied-aid credits' means any credit, within the meaning of
 section 15(h)(1) of the Export-Import Bank Act of 1945, which is used for
 blended or parallel financing, as those terms are defined by sections 15(h)
 (4) and (5), respectively, of such Act: Provided further, That funds made
 available under this heading shall remain available until September 30, 1992.
international fund for ireland
 For necessary expenses to carry out the provisions of chapter 4 of part II,
 $20,000,000, which shall be available for the United States contribution to
 the International Fund for Ireland and shall be made available in accordance
 with the provisions of the Anglo-Irish Agreement Support Act of 1986
 (Public Law 99-415): Provided, That such amount shall be expended at the
 minimum rate necessary to make timely payment for projects and activities:
 Provided further, That funds made available under this heading shall remain
 available until expended.
MULTILATERAL ASSISTANCE INITIATIVE FOR THE PHILIPPINES
 For necessary expenses to carry out the provisions of the Foreign Assistance
 Act of 1961, $160,000,000, of which $60,000,000 shall be derived by transfer,
 one-half from funds appropriated to carry out chapter 1 of part I of the
 Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 and one-half from funds appropriated to
 carry out chapter 4 of part II of the Act, which shall be available for the
 Multilateral Assistance Initiative for the Philippines: Provided, That not
 less than 75 per centum of the funds appropriated under this heading shall
 be made available for project and sector activities consistent with the
 purposes of sections 103 through 106 of such Act: Provided further, That
 the President shall seek to channel through indigenous and United States
 private voluntary organizations and cooperatives not less than $20,000,000
 of the funds appropriated under this heading and of the funds appropriated
 and allocated for the Philippines to carry out sections 103 through 106 of
 such Act: Provided further, That up to a total of $40,000,000 of the funds
 appropriated to carry out sections 103 through 106 and chapter 4 of part
 II of such Act may be transferred to and consolidated and merged with the
 funds appropriated under this heading notwithstanding the limitations on
 transfers between accounts contained in section 514 of this Act and sections
 109 and 610 of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961: Provided further, That any
 funds transferred to carry out the purposes of the previous proviso shall be
 made available only for projects and activities which are consistent with
 the purposes of those funds as initially appropriated: Provided further,
 That of the total amount of funds transferred to carry out the purposes
 of this heading not less than 50 per centum shall be derived from funds
 appropriated to carry out chapter 4 of part II of the Foreign Assistance Act:
 Provided further, That transfers of any funds to carry out the purposes
 of this heading shall be subject to the regular notification procedures
 of the Committees on Appropriations: Provided further, That funds made
 available under this heading shall remain available until September 30,
 1992: Provided further, That none of the funds appropriated under this
 heading shall be made available except as provided through the regular
 notification procedures of the Committees on Appropriations.
ASSISTANCE FOR EASTERN EUROPE
 (a) For necessary expenses to carry out the provisions of the Foreign
 Assistance Act of 1961 and the Support for East European Democracy (SEED)
 Act of 1989, $369,675,000, to remain available until expended, which shall
 be available, notwithstanding any other provision of law, for economic
 assistance for Eastern Europe as follows--
 (1) $113,675,000 shall be provided for technical assistance and training,
 including such activities as support for labor activities, scholarship
 programs, medical assistance, and support for private sector development;
 (2) $15,000,000 shall be provided for technical and other assistance to
 support housing sectors;
 (3) $75,000,000 shall be provided for environment and energy activities,
 with emphasis on assistance in developing policies encouraging, and providing
 incentives for, end-use energy efficiency (including preparation of least-cost
 energy plans), conservation, and reliance on renewable energy resources,
 and further including training, technical assistance for related energy and
 environmental investments or regulation, local production of environmental
 or energy-related equipment, promotion of United States technologies,
 and dealing with health problems directly associated with pollution;
 (4) $19,000,000 shall be provided for activities to foster democratic
 pluralism, including support, based on recommendations of the bipartisan
 joint leadership of Congress for the newly elected parliaments in Eastern
 Europe through, among other things, exchanges involving members, staff,
 and support agencies of Congress and the parliaments in Eastern Europe;
 (5) $90,000,000 shall be provided for the Polish-American and
 Hungarian-American Enterprise Funds;
 (6) $27,000,000 shall be provided for other private enterprise activities,
 with emphasis on technical assistance and training for development of
 market-oriented policies, restructuring and creation of financial institutions
 (such as stock markets, insurance companies and banks), creation and
 management of private business organizations, and privatization of state
 business organizations; and
 (7) $40,000,000, of which $10,000,000 shall be derived by transfer from
 funds provided for environment and energy activities under this heading, and
 which shall be provided for agricultural and rural development activities,
 with emphasis on technical assistance and training for development of
 rural economies and market-oriented policies, restructuring and creation of
 agricultural financial institutions and marketing systems, development of food
 processing, food transport and food storage systems, creation and management
 of agribusiness organizations (including farmer-owned cooperatives), and
 privatization of state farms, agribusiness and credit institutions.
 (b)(1) Funds allocated by this Act for any of the paragraphs under subsection
 (a) may be reallocated for the purposes of any other such paragraph if, at
 least 15 days prior to such reallocation, the Committees on Appropriations
 are notified in accordance with regular notification procedures.
 (2) None of the funds appropriated under this heading shall be made
 available except as provided through the regular notification procedures
 of the Committees on Appropriations.
 (3) Not more than 50 per centum of the funds provided under subsections (a)
 (1) and (3) which are made available for environment and health-related
 assistance activities may be made available for any single country.
 (c) Funds made available for the Polish-American and Hungarian-American
 Enterprise Funds shall be expended at the minimum rate necessary to make
 timely payment for projects and activities.
 (d) Up to $1,000,000 of the funds appropriated under this heading may be used
 for the administrative expenses incurred by the Agency for International
 Development in connection with administering programs for Eastern Europe:
 Provided, That the authority of this subsection shall supersede for fiscal
 year 1991 the provisions of section 803 of the Support for East European
 Democracy (SEED) Act of 1989.
 (e) Funds appropriated under this heading shall be considered to be economic
 assistance under the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 for purposes of making
 available the administrative authorities contained in that Act for the use
 of economic assistance.
INDEPENDENT AGENCIES
AFRICAN DEVELOPMENT FOUNDATION
 For necessary expenses to carry out the provisions of title V of the
 International Security and Development Cooperation Act of 1980, Public Law
 96-533, and to make such contracts and commitments without regard to fiscal
 year limitations, as provided by section 9104, title 31, United States Code,
 $13,000,000: Provided, That, when, with the permission of the Foundation,
 funds made available to a grantee under this heading are invested pending
 disbursement, the resulting interest is not required to be deposited in the
 United States Treasury if the grantee uses the resulting interest for the
 purpose for which the grant was made. This provision applies with respect
 to both interest earned before and interest earned after the enactment of
 this provision.
INTER-AMERICAN FOUNDATION
 For expenses necessary to carry out the functions of the Inter-American
 Foundation in accordance with the provisions of section 401 of the Foreign
 Assistance Act of 1969, and to make such contracts and commitments without
 regard to fiscal year limitations, as provided by section 9104, title 31,
 United States Code, $25,000,000.
OVERSEAS PRIVATE INVESTMENT CORPORATION
 The Overseas Private Investment Corporation is authorized to make such
 expenditures within the limits of funds available to it and in accordance
 with law (including not to exceed $35,000 for official reception and
 representation expenses), and to make such contracts and commitments without
 regard to fiscal year limitations, as provided by section 9104 of title 31,
 United States Code, as may be necessary in carrying out the program set
 forth in the budget for the current fiscal year.
 During the fiscal year 1991 and within the resources and authority available,
 gross obligations for the amount of direct loans shall not exceed $40,000,000.
 During the fiscal year 1991, total commitments to guarantee loans shall
 not exceed $250,000,000 of contingent liability for loan principal.
PEACE CORPS
 For expenses necessary to carry out the provisions of the Peace Corps Act
 (75 Stat. 612), $186,000,000, including the purchase of not to exceed five
 passenger motor vehicles for administrative purposes for use outside of
 the United States: Provided, That none of the funds appropriated under this
 heading shall be used to pay for abortions.
Department of State
INTERNATIONAL NARCOTICS CONTROL
 For necessary expenses to carry out the provisions of section 481 of the
 Foreign Assistance Act of 1961, $150,000,000: Provided, That of the funds
 appropriated under this heading not more than $117,792,000 may be obligated or
 expended until 15 days after the receipt by the Committees on Appropriations
 of a report from the Secretary of State describing measures being taken to
 correct management deficiencies in the Bureau of International Narcotics
 Matters identified in the report of the Inspector General of the Department
 of State dated January 1990.
ANTI-NARCOTICS RESOURCE REQUIREMENTS
 (a) The President shall undertake an analysis of the requirements necessary
 to bolster anti-narcotic efforts and assets of transshipment countries
 identified in the President's strategy.
 (b) The President shall submit to the Congress, at the time of the submission
 of the President's budget request for fiscal year 1992, a report describing
 the requirements indicated by the analysis under subsection (a).
MIGRATION AND REFUGEE ASSISTANCE
 For expenses, not otherwise provided for, necessary to enable the
 Secretary of State to provide, as authorized by law, a contribution to
 the International Committee of the Red Cross and assistance to refugees,
 including contributions to the Intergovernmental Committee for Migration and
 the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees; salaries and expenses of
 personnel and dependents as authorized by the Foreign Service Act of 1980;
 allowances as authorized by sections 5921 through 5925 of title 5, United
 States Code; hire of passenger motor vehicles; and services as authorized by
 section 3109 of title 5, United States Code; $485,648,000: Provided, That
 not less than $45,000,000 shall be available for Soviet, Eastern European
 and other refugees resettling in Israel: Provided further, That not less
 than $500,000 shall be available for Tibetan refugees: Provided further,
 That not less than $1,500,000 shall be available for the Thai-Cambodian
 border protection program: Provided further, That not less than $1,500,000
 shall be available for the antipiracy program: Provided further, That of the
 funds appropriated by this Act to carry out chapter 1 of part I and chapter
 4 of part II of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961, not less than $5,000,000
 to be derived in equal amounts from funds appropriated for each of those
 chapters, shall be made available for the affected Thai Village Program:
 Provided further, That not less than $10,000,000 shall be available for
 implementation of the Comprehensive Plan of Action: Provided further, That
 funds appropriated under this heading shall be administered in a manner that
 ensures equity in the treatment of all refugees receiving Federal assistance:
 Provided further, That no funds herein appropriated shall be used to assist
 directly in the migration to any nation in the Western Hemisphere of any
 person not having a security clearance based on reasonable standards to ensure
 against Communist infiltration in the Western Hemisphere: Provided further,
 That section 584(a)(1)(B) of the Foreign Operations, Export Financing, and
 Related Programs Appropriations Act, 1988 (as contained in section 101(e)
 of Public Law 100-202), is amended by striking `during the period beginning
 on March 22, 1988, and ending on September 30, 1990', and inserting `on
 or after March 22, 1988': Provided further, That the ninth proviso under
 Migration and Refugee Assistance, Department of State, in title II of the
 Foreign Operations, Export Financing, and Related Programs Appropriations Act,
 1989 is amended by striking `and before the end' and all that follows through
 `subsection (a)(1)(B) of such section': Provided further, That effective as
 of December 22, 1987, section 584(b)(2) of the Foreign Operations, Export
 Financing, and Related Programs Appropriations Act, 1988 (as contained in
 section 101(e) of Public Law 100-202) is amended by striking `the principal
 alien involved is unmarried and': Provided further, That not more than
 $8,528,000 of the funds appropriated under this heading shall be available
 for the administrative expenses of the Office of Refugee Programs of the
 Department of State: Provided further, That of the funds appropriated under
 this heading, $250,000 shall be made available, notwithstanding any other
 provision of law, for food, medicine, medical supplies, medical training,
 clothing, and other humanitarian assistance for any Burmese person in Burma or
 Thailand who is displaced as a result of events relating to civil conflict:
 Provided further, That the transfer of any funds appropriated under this
 heading to programs for refugee admissions shall be subject to the regular
 notification procedures of the Committees on Appropriations.
UNITED STATES EMERGENCY REFUGEE AND MIGRATION ASSISTANCE FUND
 For necessary expenses to carry out the provisions of section 2(c) of the
 Migration and Refugee Assistance Act of 1962, as amended (22 U.S.C. 260(c)),
 $35,000,000, to remain available until expended: Provided, That the funds made
 available under this heading are appropriated notwithstanding the provisions
 contained in section 2(c)(2) of the Migration and Refugee Assistance Act
 of 1962 which would limit the amount of funds which could be appropriated
 for this purpose.
ANTI-TERRORISM ASSISTANCE
 For necessary expenses to carry out the provisions of chapter 8 of part II
 of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961, $12,026,000.
TITLE III--MILITARY ASSISTANCE
Funds Appropriated to the President
INTERNATIONAL MILITARY EDUCATION AND TRAINING
 For necessary expenses to carry out the provisions of section 541,
 $47,196,000: Provided, That none of the funds appropriated under this
 heading shall be made available for grant financed military education and
 training for any country whose annual per capita GNP exceeds $2,349 unless
 that country agrees to fund from its own resources the transportation cost
 and living allowances of its students: Provided further, That not less
 than $1,000,000 of the funds appropriated under this heading shall be made
 available for developing, initiating, conducting and evaluating courses
 and other programs for training foreign civilian and military officials
 in managing and administering military establishments and budgets, and for
 training foreign military and civilian officials in creating and maintaining
 effective military judicial systems and military codes of conduct, including
 observance of internationally recognized human rights: Provided further,
 That none of the funds appropriated under this hearing shall be available
 for Malaysia, Zaire, Liberia, Sudan, and Somalia: Provided further, That
 section 541 of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 is amended by inserting
 the following sentence immediately after the first sentence: `Such civilian
 personnel shall include foreign governmental personnel of ministries other
 than ministries of defense if the military education and training would
 (i) contribute to responsible defense resource management, (ii) foster
 greater respect for and understanding of the principle of civilian control
 of the military, or (iii) improve military justice systems and procedures
 in accordance with internationally recognized human rights.'
FOREIGN MILITARY FINANCING PROGRAM
 For expenses necessary for grants to enable the President to carry out the
 provisions of section 23 of the Arms Export Control Act, $4,663,420,800:
 Provided, That of the funds appropriated by this paragraph not less than
 $1,800,000,000 shall be available for grants only for Israel, and not
 less than $1,300,000,000 shall be available for grants only for Egypt:
 Provided further, That of the funds appropriated by this paragraph for
 Israel $1,695,000,000 shall be disbursed within thirty days of enactment
 of this Act or by October 31, 1990, whichever is later: Provided further,
 That to the extent that the Government of Israel requests that funds be
 used for such purposes, grants made available for Israel by this paragraph
 shall, as agreed by Israel and the United States, be available for advanced
 fighter aircraft programs or for other advanced weapons systems, as follows:
 (1) up to $150,000,000 shall be available for research and development in the
 United States; and (2) not less than $475,000,000 shall be available for the
 procurement in Israel of defense articles and defense services, including
 research and development: Provided further, That funds made available
 under this heading shall be obligated upon apportionment in accordance with
 paragraph (5)(C) of title 31, United States Code, section 1501(a), and shall
 be nonrepayable notwithstanding any requirement in section 23 of the Arms
 Export Control Act: Provided further, That none of the funds made available
 under this heading shall be available to finance the procurement of defense
 articles, defense services, or design and construction services that are
 not sold by the United States Government under the Arms Export Control Act
 unless the foreign country proposing to make such procurements has first
 signed a grant agreement with the United States Government specifying the
 conditions under which such procurements may be financed with such funds.
 For expenses necessary for loans to enable the President to carry out
 the provisions of section 23 of the Arms Export Control Act, $403,500,000:
 Provided, That any funds made available by this paragraph, except as otherwise
 specified, may be made available at concessional rates of interest: Provided
 further, That the concessional rate of interest on Foreign Military Financing
 Program loans shall be not less than 5 per centum per year: Provided further,
 That all country and funding level changes in requested concessional financing
 allocations shall be submitted through the regular notification procedures:
 Provided further, That during fiscal year 1991, gross obligations for the
 principal amount of direct loans under this heading, exclusive of loan
 guarantee defaults, shall not exceed $403,500,000.
 If Turkey receives any funds under this heading on a grant basis then not less
 than $30,000,000 of the funds provided for Greece shall be made available
 as grants: Provided, That funds previously obligated for the Philippines
 under the heading `Foreign Military Credit Sales' but uncommitted on the
 date of enactment of this Act, shall be used at any time hereafter only
 to finance sales made under the Arms Export Control Act: Provided further,
 That the second sentence of section 505(f) of the Foreign Assistance Act of
 1961 is amended by striking out `1975' and inserting `1985' in lieu thereof:
 Provided further, That of the funds appropriated under this heading not more
 than $2,887,000 shall be available for non-lethal assistance for Guatemala:
 Provided further, That funds made available under this heading for Guatemala
 shall be made available only through the regular notification procedures
 of the Committees on Appropriations: Provided further, That none of the
 funds appropriated under this heading shall be available for Zaire, Sudan,
 Liberia or Somalia: Provided further, That not more than $300,000,000 of
 the funds made available under this heading shall be available for use
 in financing the procurement of defense articles, defense services, or
 design and construction services that are not sold by the United States
 Government under the Arms Export Control Act to countries other than
 Israel and Egypt: Provided further, That only those countries for which
 assistance was justified for the `Foreign Military Sales Financing Program'
 in the fiscal year 1989 congressional presentation for security assistance
 programs may utilize funds made available under this heading for procurement
 of defense articles, defense services or design and construction services
 that are not sold by the United States Government under the Arms Export
 Control Act: Provided further, That any material assistance provided
 with funds appropriated under this heading for Haiti shall be limited to
 non-lethal items such as transportation and communications equipment and
 uniforms: Provided further, That funds made available under this heading
 for Haiti shall be made available only through the regular notification
 procedures of the Committees on Appropriations: Provided further, That
 funds appropriated under this heading shall be expended at the minimum
 rate necessary to make timely payment for defense articles and services:
 Provided further, That the Department of Defense shall conduct during the
 current fiscal year nonreimbursable audits of private firms whose contracts
 are made directly with foreign governments and are financed with funds
 made available under this heading (as well as subcontractors thereunder)
 as requested by the Defense Security Assistance Agency: Provided further,
 That not more than $27,920,800 of the funds appropriated under this heading
 may be obligated for necessary expenses, including the purchase of passenger
 motor vehicles for replacement only for use outside of the United States,
 for the general costs of administering military assistance and sales:
 Provided further, That of the funds appropriated under this heading not
 less than $43,000,000 shall be available for Morocco, $350,000,000 only
 shall be available for Greece, $500,000,000 only shall be available for
 Turkey and up to $100,000,000 shall be available for Portugal.
FOREIGN MILITARY SALES DEBT REFORM
 Funds made available by the Foreign Operations, Export Financing, and
 Related Programs Appropriations Act, 1988, for obligation and expenditure
 after October 1, 1988, subject to a Presidential budget request, under the
 heading `Foreign Military Sales Debt Reform', subsection (b) `Interest Rate
 Reduction' shall be available, subject to the same conditions and provisos,
 only after October 1, 1991.
GUARANTY RESERVE FUND
 If during fiscal year 1991 the funds available in the Guaranty Reserve Fund
 (Fund) are insufficient to enable the Secretary of Defense (Secretary) to
 discharge his responsibilities, as guarantor of loans guaranteed pursuant
 to section 24 of the Arms Export Control Act (AECA) or pursuant to the
 Foreign Operations, Export Financing, and Related Programs Appropriations
 Act, 1988, under the heading `Foreign Military Sales Debt Reform', the
 Secretary shall issue to the Secretary of the Treasury notes or other
 obligations in such forms and denominations, bearing such maturities, and
 subject to such terms and conditions, as may be prescribed by the Secretary
 of the Treasury. Such notes or obligations may be redeemed by the Secretary
 from appropriations and other funds available, including repayments by the
 borrowers of amounts paid pursuant to guarantees issued under section 24
 of the AECA. Such notes or other obligations shall bear interest at a rate
 determined by the Secretary of the Treasury, taking into consideration the
 average market yield on outstanding marketable obligations of the United
 States of comparable maturities during the month preceding the issuance of
 the notes or other obligations. The Secretary of the Treasury shall purchase
 any notes or other obligations issued hereunder and for that purpose he
 is authorized to use as a public debt transaction the proceeds from the
 sale of any securities issued under the Second Liberty Bond Act, and the
 purposes for which securities may be issued under the Second Liberty Bond
 Act are extended to include any purchase of such notes or obligations. The
 Secretary of the Treasury may at any time sell any of the notes or other
 obligations acquired by him under this heading. All redemptions, purchases,
 and sales by the Secretary of the Treasury of such notes or other obligations
 shall be treated as public debt transactions of the United States.
Special Defense Acquisition Fund
(LIMITATION ON OBLIGATIONS)
 Not to exceed $350,000,000 may be obligated pursuant to section 51(c)(2)
 of the Arms Export Control Act for the purposes of the Special Defense
 Acquisition Fund during fiscal year 1991, to remain available for obligation
 until September 30, 1993: Provided, That section 632(d) of the Foreign
 Assistance Act of 1961 shall be applicable to the transfer to countries
 pursuant to chapter 2 of part II of that Act of defense articles and defense
 services acquired under chapter 5 of the Arms Export Control Act.
PEACEKEEPING OPERATIONS
 For necessary expenses to carry out the provisions of section 551,
 $32,800,000.
TITLE IV--EXPORT ASSISTANCE
EXPORT-IMPORT BANK OF THE UNITED STATES
 The Export-Import Bank of the United States is authorized to make such
 expenditures within the limits of funds and borrowing authority available to
 such corporation, and in accordance with law, and to make such contracts and
 commitments without regard to fiscal year limitations, as provided by section
 104 of the Government Corporation Control Act, as may be necessary in carrying
 out the program for the current fiscal year for such corporation: Provided,
 That none of the funds available during the current fiscal year may be used
 to make expenditures, contracts, or commitments for the export of nuclear
 equipment, fuel, or technology to any country other than a nuclear-weapon
 State as defined in article IX of the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of
 Nuclear Weapons eligible to receive economic or military assistance under
 this Act that has detonated a nuclear explosive after the date of enactment
 of this Act.
LIMITATION ON PROGRAM ACTIVITY
 During the fiscal year 1991 and within the resources and authority available,
 gross obligations for the principal amount of direct loans shall not exceed
 $750,000,000: Provided, That there are hereby appropriated $150,000,000
 to be made available for tied aid grants in accordance with section 15 of
 the Export-Import Bank Act of 1945, as amended, or, at the discretion of
 the Chairman of the Export-Import Bank, in accordance with the Trade and
 Development Enhancement Act of 1983, as amended: Provided further, That
 there are hereby appropriated $20,000,000 to be made available for interest
 subsidy payments in accordance with the Export-Import Bank Act of 1945, as
 amended: Provided further, That the funds made available under this heading
 for both grant and subsidy purposes, including tied aid financed in part
 through the combined use of concessional financing or grants offered by
 the Agency for International Development, shall be subject to the regular
 notification procedures of the Committees on Appropriations of the House
 of Representatives and the Senate: Provided further, That $150,000,000 of
 the funds made available for tied aid grant purposes and $20,000,000 of
 the funds made available for interest subsidy payments shall be subject to
 the limitation on the gross obligations for the principal amount of direct
 loans specified under this heading: Provided further, That the Bank shall
 use all amounts appropriated to carry out the interest subsidy program
 to make commitments to commercial lending institutions and other lenders,
 subject only to the availability of qualified lenders under the program:
 Provided further, That during the fiscal year 1991, total commitments to
 guarantee loans shall not exceed $10,599,064,000 of contingent liability
 for loan principal: Provided further, That the direct loan, tied aid grant
 and interest subsidy authority provided under this heading shall remain
 available until September 30, 1992.
LIMITATION ON ADMINISTRATIVE EXPENSES
 Not to exceed $23,171,000 (to be computed on an accrual basis) shall be
 available during fiscal year 1991 for administrative expenses, including
 hire of passenger motor vehicles and services as authorized by section
 3109 of title 5, United States Code, and not to exceed $16,000 for official
 reception and representation expenses for members of the Board of Directors:
 Provided, That (1) fees or dues to international organizations of credit
 institutions engaged in financing foreign trade, (2) necessary expenses
 (including special services performed on a contract or a fee basis, but
 not including other personal services) in connection with the acquisition,
 operation, maintenance, improvement, or disposition of any real or personal
 property belonging to the Export-Import Bank or in which it has an interest,
 including expenses of collections of pledged collateral, or the investigation
 or appraisal of any property in respect to which an application for a loan has
 been made, and (3) expenses (other than internal expenses of the Export-Import
 Bank) incurred in connection with the issuance and servicing of guarantees,
 insurance, and reinsurance, shall be considered as nonadministrative expenses
 for the purposes of this heading.
Funds Appropriated to the President
TRADE AND DEVELOPMENT PROGRAM
 For necessary expenses to carry out the provisions of section 661 of the
 Foreign Assistance Act of 1961, $35,000,000.
Agency for International Development
TRADE CREDIT INSURANCE PROGRAM
 During fiscal year 1991 total commitments to guarantee or insure loans
 for the `Trade Credit Insurance Program' for Central America pursuant
 to the authorities of section 224 of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961,
 shall not exceed $200,000,000 of contingent liability for loan principal:
 Provided, That section 224(c) of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961, is
 amended by striking out `September 30, 1990' and inserting in lieu thereof
 `September 30, 1991'.
 During fiscal year 1991, total commitments to guarantee or insure loans
 for the `Trade Credit Insurance Program' for Poland, pursuant to the
 authorities of section 225 of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961, shall not
 exceed $200,000,000 of contingent liability for loan principal: Provided,
 That notwithstanding section 225(b) of such Act guarantees provided under
 this paragraph may be available for medium-term guarantees and insurance
 extended by the Export-Import Bank.
TITLE V--GENERAL PROVISIONS
COST BENEFIT STUDIES
 SEC. 501. None of the funds appropriated in this Act (other than funds
 appropriated for `International Organizations and Programs') shall be
 used to finance the construction of any new flood control, reclamation,
 or other water or related land resource project or program which has not
 met the standards and criteria used in determining the feasibility of flood
 control, reclamation, and other water and related land resource programs
 and projects proposed for construction within the United States of America
 under the principles, standards and procedures established pursuant to the
 Water Resources Planning Act (42 U.S.C. 1962, et seq.) or Acts amendatory
 or supplementary thereto.
OBLIGATIONS DURING LAST MONTH OF AVAILABILITY
 SEC. 502. Except for the appropriations entitled `International Disaster
 Assistance', and `United States Emergency Refugee and Migration Assistance
 Fund', not more than 15 per centum of any appropriation item made available
 by this Act shall be obligated during the last month of availability.
PROHIBITION AGAINST PAY TO FOREIGN ARMED SERVICE MEMBER
 SEC. 503. None of the funds appropriated in this Act nor any of the
 counterpart funds generated as a result of assistance hereunder or any prior
 Act shall be used to pay pensions, annuities, retirement pay, or adjusted
 service compensation for any person heretofore or hereafter serving in the
 armed forces of any recipient country.
TERMINATION FOR CONVENIENCE
 SEC. 504. None of the funds appropriated or made available pursuant to this
 Act for carrying out the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961, may be used for
 making payments on any contract for procurement to which the United States
 is a party entered into after the date of enactment of this Act which does
 not contain a provision authorizing the termination of such contract for
 the convenience of the United States.
PROHIBITION OF PAYMENTS TO UNITED NATIONS MEMBERS
 SEC. 505. None of the funds appropriated or made available pursuant to this
 Act for carrying out the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961, may be used to pay
 in whole or in part any assessments, arrearages, or dues of any member of
 the United Nations.
PROHIBITION OF BILATERAL FUNDING FOR INTERNATIONAL FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS
 SEC. 506. None of the funds contained in title II of this Act may be used
 to carry out the provisions of section 209(d) of the Foreign Assistance
 Act of 1961.
AID RESIDENCE EXPENSES
 SEC. 507. Of the funds appropriated or made available pursuant to this
 Act, not to exceed $126,500 shall be for official residence expenses of
 the Agency for International Development during the current fiscal year:
 Provided, That appropriate steps shall be taken to assure that, to the
 maximum extent possible, United States-owned foreign currencies are utilized
 in lieu of dollars.
AID ENTERTAINMENT EXPENSES
 SEC. 508. Of the funds appropriated or made available pursuant to this Act,
 not to exceed $11,500 shall be for entertainment expenses of the Agency
 for International Development during the current fiscal year.
REPRESENTATIONAL ALLOWANCES
 SEC. 509. Of the funds appropriated or made available pursuant to this Act,
 not to exceed $115,000 shall be available for representation allowances
 for the Agency for International Development during the current fiscal
 year: Provided, That appropriate steps shall be taken to assure that,
 to the maximum extent possible, United States-owned foreign currencies
 are utilized in lieu of dollars: Provided further, That of the funds made
 available by this Act for general costs of administering military assistance
 and sales under the heading `Foreign Military Financing Program', not to
 exceed $2,875 shall be available for entertainment expenses and not to
 exceed $75,000 shall be available for representation allowances: Provided
 further, That of the funds made available by this Act under the heading
 `International Military Education and Training', not to exceed $125,000
 shall be available for entertainment allowances: Provided further, That
 of the funds made available by this Act for the Inter-American Foundation,
 not to exceed $2,875 shall be available for entertainment and representation
 allowances: Provided further, That of the funds made available by this Act
 for the Peace Corps, not to exceed a total of $4,600 shall be available for
 entertainment expenses: Provided further, That of the funds made available
 by this Act under the heading `Trade and Development Program', not to exceed
 $2,300 shall be available for representation and entertainment allowances.
PROHIBITION ON FINANCING NUCLEAR GOODS
 SEC. 510. None of the funds appropriated or made available (other than
 funds for `International Organizations and Programs') pursuant to this Act,
 for carrying out the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961, may be used to finance
 the export of nuclear equipment, fuel, or technology.
HUMAN RIGHTS
 SEC. 511. Funds appropriated by this Act may not be obligated or expended to
 provide assistance to any country for the purpose of aiding the efforts of the
 government of such country to repress the legitimate rights of the population
 of such country contrary to the Universal Declaration of Human Rights.
PROHIBITION AGAINST DIRECT FUNDING FOR CERTAIN COUNTRIES
 SEC. 512. None of the funds appropriated or otherwise made available pursuant
 to this Act shall be obligated or expended to finance directly any assistance
 or reparations to Angola, Cambodia, Cuba, Iraq, Libya, the Socialist Republic
 of Vietnam, Iran, or Syria: Provided, That for purposes of this section,
 the prohibition on obligations or expenditures shall include direct loans,
 credits, insurance and guarantees of the Export-Import Bank or its agents.
MILITARY COUPS
 SEC. 513. None of the funds appropriated or otherwise made available pursuant
 to this Act shall be obligated or expended to finance directly any assistance
 to any country whose duly elected Head of Government is deposed by military
 coup or decree: Provided, That assistance may be resumed to such country if
 the President determines and reports to the Committees on Appropriations
 that subsequent to the termination of assistance a democratically elected
 government has taken office.
TRANSFERS BETWEEN ACCOUNTS
 SEC. 514. None of the funds made available by this Act may be obligated under
 an appropriation account to which they were not appropriated, unless the
 President, prior to the exercise of any authority contained in the Foreign
 Assistance Act of 1961 to transfer funds, consults with and provides a
 written policy justification to the Committees on Appropriations of the
 House of Representatives and the Senate: Provided, That the exercise of
 such authority shall be subject to the regular notification procedures of
 the Committees on Appropriations.
DEOBLIGATION/REOBLIGATION AUTHORITY
 SEC. 515. (a) Amounts certified pursuant to section 1311 of the Supplemental
 Appropriations Act, 1955, as having been obligated against appropriations
 heretofore made under the authority of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961
 for the same general purpose as any of the headings under the `Agency for
 International Development' are, if deobligated, hereby continued available
 for the same period as the respective appropriations under such headings
 or until September 30, 1991, whichever is later, and for the same general
 purpose, and for countries within the same region as originally obligated:
 Provided, That the Appropriations Committees of both Houses of the Congress
 are notified fifteen days in advance of the deobligation and reobligation
 of such funds in accordance with regular notification procedures of the
 Committees on Appropriations.
 (b) Obligated balances of funds appropriated to carry out section 23 of the
 Arms Export Control Act as of the end of the fiscal year immediately preceding
 the current fiscal year are, if deobligated in accordance with amendments
 of applicable grant or loan agreements, hereby continued available during
 the current fiscal year for the same purpose under any authority applicable
 to such appropriations under this Act: Provided, That the Appropriations
 Committees of both Houses of the Congress are notified fifteen days in
 advance of the deobligation and reobligation of such funds in accordance
 with regular notification procedures of the Committees on Appropriations.
PROHIBITION ON PUBLICITY OR PROPAGANDA
 SEC. 516. No part of any appropriation contained in this Act shall be used
 for publicity or propaganda purposes within the United States not authorized
 before the date of enactment of this Act by the Congress.
availability of funds
 SEC. 517. No part of any appropriation contained in this Act shall remain
 available for obligation after the expiration of the current fiscal year
 unless expressly so provided in this Act: Provided, That funds appropriated
 for the purposes of chapter 1 of part I, section 667, and chapter 4 of part
 II of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961, as amended, shall remain available
 until expended if such funds are initially obligated before the expiration
 of their respective periods of availability contained in this Act: Provided
 further, That, notwithstanding any other provision of this Act, any funds
 made available for the purposes of chapter 1 of part I and chapter 4 of part
 II of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 which are allocated or obligated for
 cash disbursements in order to address balance of payments or economic policy
 reform objectives, shall remain available until expended: Provided further,
 That the report required by section 653(a) of the Foreign Assistance Act
 of 1961 shall designate for each country, to the extent known at the time
 of submission of such report, those funds allocated for cash disbursement
 for balance of payment and economic policy reform purposes.
LIMITATION ON ASSISTANCE TO COUNTRIES IN DEFAULT
 SEC. 518. No part of any appropriation contained in this Act shall be used
 to furnish assistance to any country which is in default during a period in
 excess of one calendar year in payment to the United States of principal or
 interest on any loan made to such country by the United States pursuant to
 a program for which funds are appropriated under this Act: Provided, That
 this section and section 620(q) of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 shall
 not apply to funds made available in this Act for Nicaragua, and for any
 narcotics-related assistance in Colombia, Bolivia, and Peru authorized by the
 Foreign Assistance Act of 1961, as amended, or the Arms Export Control Act.
FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS--NAMES OF BORROWERS
 SEC. 519. None of the funds appropriated or made available pursuant to
 this Act shall be available to any international financial institution
 whose United States governor or representative cannot upon request obtain
 the amounts and the names of borrowers for all loans of the international
 financial institution, including loans to employees of the institution,
 or the compensation and related benefits of employees of the institution.
FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS--DOCUMENTATION
 SEC. 520. None of the funds appropriated or made available pursuant to this
 Act shall be available to any international financial institution whose United
 States governor or representative cannot upon request obtain any document
 developed by or in the possession of the management of the international
 financial institution, unless the United States governor or representative
 of the institution certifies to the Committees on Appropriations that
 the confidentiality of the information is essential to the operation of
 the institution.
COMMERCE AND TRADE
 SEC. 521. (a) None of the funds appropriated or made available pursuant
 to this Act for direct assistance and none of the funds otherwise made
 available pursuant to this Act to the Export-Import Bank and the Overseas
 Private Investment Corporation shall be obligated or expended to finance any
 loan, any assistance or any other financial commitments for establishing
 or expanding production of any commodity for export by any country other
 than the United States, if the commodity is likely to be in surplus on
 world markets at the time the resulting productive capacity is expected
 to become operative and if the assistance will cause substantial injury
 to United States producers of the same, similar, or competing commodity:
 Provided, That such prohibition shall not apply to the Export-Import Bank
 if in the judgment of its Board of Directors the benefits to industry and
 employment in the United States are likely to outweigh the injury to United
 States producers of the same, similar, or competing commodity.
 (b) None of the funds appropriated by this or any other Act to carry
 out chapter 1 of part I of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 shall
 be available for any testing or breeding feasibility study, variety
 improvement or introduction, consultancy, publication, conference, or
 training in connection with the growth or production in a foreign country
 of an agricultural commodity for export which would compete with a similar
 commodity grown or produced in the United States: Provided, That this
 subsection shall not prohibit--
 (1) activities designed to increase food security in developing countries
 where such activities will not have a significant impact in the export of
 agricultural commodities of the United States; or
 (2) research activities intended primarily to benefit American producers.
 (c) None of the funds provided in this Act to the Agency for International
 Development, other than funds made available to carry out Caribbean Basin
 Initiative programs under the Tariff Schedules of the United States, section
 1202 of title 19, United States Code, schedule 8, part I, subpart B, item
 807.00, shall be obligated or expended--
 (1) to procure directly feasibility studies or prefeasibility studies for,
 or project profiles of potential investment in, the manufacture, for export
 to the United States or to third country markets in direct competition with
 United States exports, of import-sensitive articles as defined by section
 503(c)(1) (A) and (E) of the Tariff Act of 1930 (19 U.S.C. 2463(c)(1)
 (A) and (E)); or
 (2) to assist directly in the establishment of facilities specifically
 designed for the manufacture, for export to the United States or to
 third country markets in direct competition with United States exports,
 of import-sensitive articles as defined in section 503(c)(1) (A) and (E)
 of the Tariff Act of 1930 (19 U.S.C. 2463(c)(1) (A) and (E)).
SURPLUS COMMODITIES
 SEC. 522. The Secretary of the Treasury shall instruct the United States
 Executive Directors of the International Bank for Reconstruction and
 Development, the International Development Association, the International
 Finance Corporation, the Inter-American Development Bank, the International
 Monetary Fund, the Asian Development Bank, the Inter-American Investment
 Corporation, the African Development Bank, and the African Development Fund
 to use the voice and vote of the United States to oppose any assistance by
 these institutions, using funds appropriated or made available pursuant to
 this Act, for the production or extraction of any commodity or mineral for
 export, if it is in surplus on world markets and if the assistance will
 cause substantial injury to United States producers of the same, similar,
 or competing commodity.
NOTIFICATION REQUIREMENTS
 SEC. 523. For the purposes of providing the Executive Branch with the
 necessary administrative flexibility, none of the funds made available under
 this Act for `Agriculture, rural development, and nutrition, Development
 Assistance', `Population, Development Assistance', `Child Survival Fund',
 `Health, Development Assistance', `International AIDS Prevention and Control
 Program', `Education and human resources development, Development Assistance',
 `Private Sector, environment, and energy, Development Assistance', `Science
 and technology, Development Assistance', `Sub-Saharan Africa, Development
 Assistance', `International organizations and programs', `American schools
 and hospitals abroad', `Trade and development program', `International
 narcotics control', `Economic support fund', `Peacekeeping operations',
 `Operating expenses of the Agency for International Development', `Operating
 expenses of the Agency for International Development Office of Inspector
 General', `Anti-terrorism assistance', `Foreign Military Financing Program',
 `International military education and training', `Inter-American Foundation',
 `African Development Foundation', `Peace Corps', or `Migration and refugee
 assistance', shall be available for obligation for activities, programs,
 projects, type of materiel assistance, countries, or other operation
 not justified or in excess of the amount justified to the Appropriations
 Committees for obligation under any of these specific headings for the
 current fiscal year unless the Appropriations Committees of both Houses of
 Congress are previously notified fifteen days in advance: Provided, That the
 President shall not enter into any commitment of funds appropriated for the
 purposes of section 23 of the Arms Export Control Act for the provision of
 major defense equipment, other than conventional ammunition, or other major
 defense items defined to be aircraft, ships, missiles, or combat vehicles,
 not previously justified to Congress or 20 per centum in excess of the
 quantities justified to Congress unless the Committees on Appropriations
 are notified fifteen days in advance of such commitment: Provided further,
 That this section shall not apply to any reprogramming for an activity,
 program, or project under chapter 1 of part I of the Foreign Assistance
 Act of 1961 of less than 20 per centum of the amount previously justified
 to the Congress for obligation for such activity, program, or project for
 the current fiscal year.
CONSULTING SERVICES
 SEC. 524. The expenditure of any appropriation under this Act for any
 consulting service through procurement contract, pursuant to section 3109
 of title 5, United States Code, shall be limited to those contracts where
 such expenditures are a matter of public record and available for public
 inspection, except where otherwise provided under existing law, or under
 existing Executive order pursuant to existing law.
PROHIBITION ON ABORTION LOBBYING
 SEC. 525. None of the funds appropriated under this Act may be used to
 lobby for abortion.
LIMITATION ON AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS FOR INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS AND
PROGRAMS
 SEC. 526. (a) Notwithstanding any other provision of law or of this Act,
 none of the funds provided for `International Organizations and Programs'
 shall be available for the United States proportionate share for any programs
 for the Palestine Liberation Organization (or for projects whose purpose is
 to provide benefits to the Palestine Liberation Organization or entities
 associated with it), Libya, Iran, or, at the discretion of the President,
 Communist countries listed in section 620(f) of the Foreign Assistance Act
 of 1961, as amended: Provided, That, subject to the regular notification
 procedures of the Committees on Appropriations, funds appropriated under
 this Act or any previously enacted Act making appropriations for foreign
 operations, export financing, and related programs, which are returned or not
 made available for organizations and programs because of the implementation
 of this section or any similar provision of law, shall remain available
 for obligation through September 30, 1992.
 (b) The United States shall not make any voluntary or assessed contribution--
 (1) to any affiliated organization of the United Nations which grants full
 membership as a state to any organization or group that does not have the
 internationally recognized attributes of statehood, or
 (2) to the United Nations, if the United Nations grants full membership as
 a state in the United Nations to any organization or group that does not
 have the internationally recognized attributes of statehood,
during any period in which such membership is effective.
LOANS TO ISRAEL UNDER ARMS EXPORT CONTROL ACT
 SEC. 527. Notwithstanding any other provision of law, Israel may utilize
 any loan which is or was made available under the Arms Export Control Act
 and for which repayment is or was forgiven before utilizing any other loan
 made available under the Arms Export Control Act.
PROHIBITION AGAINST UNITED STATES EMPLOYEES RECOGNIZING OR NEGOTIATING WITH PLO
 SEC. 528. In reaffirmation of the 1975 memorandum of agreement between
 the United States and Israel, and in accordance with section 1302 of the
 International Security and Development Cooperation Act of 1985 (Public
 Law 99-83), no employee of or individual acting on behalf of the United
 States Government shall recognize or negotiate with the Palestine Liberation
 Organization or representatives thereof, so long as the Palestine Liberation
 Organization does not recognize Israel's right to exist, does not accept
 Security Council Resolutions 242 and 338, and does not renounce the use
 of terrorism.
ECONOMIC SUPPORT FUND ASSISTANCE FOR ISRAEL
 SEC. 529. The Congress finds that progress on the peace process in the
 Middle East is vitally important to United States security interests in the
 region. The Congress recognizes that, in fulfilling its obligations under the
 Treaty of Peace Between the Arab Republic of Egypt and the State of Israel,
 done at Washington on March 26, 1979, Israel incurred severe economic
 burdens. Furthermore, the Congress recognizes that an economically and
 militarily secure Israel serves the security interests of the United States,
 for a secure Israel is an Israel which has the incentive and confidence to
 continue pursuing the peace process. Therefore, the Congress declares that it
 is the policy and the intention of the United States that the funds provided
 in annual appropriations for the Economic Support Fund which are allocated
 to Israel shall not be less than the annual debt repayment (interest and
 principal) from Israel to the United States Government in recognition that
 such a principle serves United States interests in the region.
CEILINGS AND EARMARKS
 SEC. 530. Ceilings and earmarks contained in this Act shall not be applicable
 to funds or authorities appropriated or otherwise made available by any
 subsequent Act unless such Act specifically so directs.
assistance for el salvador
 SEC. 531. (a) STATEMENT OF POLICY- United States military assistance to
 the Government of El Salvador shall seek three principal foreign policy
 objectives, as follows: (1) to promote a permanent settlement and cease-fire
 to the conflict in El Salvador, with the Secretary General of the United
 Nations serving as an active mediator between the opposing parties; (2)
 to foster greater respect for basic human rights, and the rule of law; and
 (3) to advance political accommodation and national reconciliation.
 (b) MAXIMUM LEVEL OF MILITARY ASSISTANCE- Of the funds available for United
 States military assistance for fiscal year 1991, not more than $85,000,000
 shall be made available for El Salvador.
 (c) PROHIBITION OF MILITARY ASSISTANCE- (1) PROHIBITION- Subject to paragraph
 (2), no United States military assistance may be furnished to the Government
 of El Salvador if the President determines and reports in writing to the
 Congress that--
 (A) after he has consulted with the Secretary General of the United Nations,
 the Government of El Salvador has declined to participate in good faith in
 negotiations for a permanent settlement and cease-fire to the armed conflict
 of El Salvador;
 (B) the Government of El Salvador has rejected or otherwise failed to support
 an active role for the Secretary General of the United Nations in mediating
 that settlement;
 (C) the Government of El Salvador has rejected a plan for the settlement
 of the conflict which--
 (i) has been put forward by the Secretary General of the United Nations
 in accordance with the terms and procedures in the April 4, 1990 Geneva
 Communique and the May 21, 1990 Caracas Accord between the Government of
 El Salvador and the FMLN;
 (ii) includes a proposal for an internationally monitored cease-fire; and
 (iii) has been accepted, within 15 days from its announcement, by the FMLN
 and is being complied with by the FMLN;
 (D) the Government of El Salvador has failed to conduct a thorough and
 professional investigation into, and prosecution of those responsible for the
 eight murders at the University of Central America on November 16, 1989; or
 (E) the military and security forces of El  Salvador are assassinating or
 abducting civilian noncombatants, are engaging in other acts of violence
 directed at civilian targets, or are failing to control such activities by
 elements subject to the control of those forces; or
 (F) the Government of El Salvador has failed to actively seek and encourage
 a law enforcement service from outside El Salvador, such as Scotland Yard
 or INTERPOL, to accompany and monitor investigators of the Government of
 El Salvador in their investigation into the eight murders at the University
 of Central America on November 16, 1989.
 (2) REQUIREMENT FOR RESUMPTION OF ASSISTANCE- Assistance prohibited under
 paragraph (1) may only be resumed pursuant to a law subsequently enacted
 by the Congress.
 (d) WITHHOLDING OF MILITARY ASSISTANCE- (1) IN GENERAL- Fifty per centum of
 the total United States military assistance allocated for El Salvador for
 fiscal year 1991 shall be withheld from obligation or expenditure (as the
 case may be) except as provided in paragraphs (2) and (3).
 (2) RELEASE OF ASSISTANCE- The United States military assistance withheld
 pursuant to paragraph (1) may be obligated and expended only if the President
 determines and reports in writing to the Congress that--
 (A) after he has consulted with the Secretary General of the United Nations,
 the representatives of the FMLN--
 (i) have declined to participate in good faith in negotiations for a
 permanent settlement and cease-fire to the armed conflict in El Salvador, or
 (ii) have rejected or otherwise failed to support an active role for the
 Secretary General of the United Nations in mediating that settlement;
 (B) the FMLN has rejected a plan for the settlement of the conflict which--
 (i) has been put forward by the Secretary General of the United Nations
 in accordance with the terms and procedures in the April 4, 1990 Geneva
 Communique and the May 21, 1990 Caracas Accord between the Government of
 El Salvador and the FMLN;
 (ii) includes a proposal for an internationally monitored cease-fire; and
 (iii) has been accepted, within 15 days from its announcement, by the
 Government of El Salvador and is being complied with by the Government of
 El Salvador;
 (C) the survival of the constitutional Government of El Salvador is being
 jeopardized by substantial and sustained offensive military actions or
 operations by the FMLN;
 (D) proof exists that the FMLN is continuing to acquire or receive significant
 shipments of lethal military assistance from outside El Salvador, and this
 proof has been shared with the Congress; or
 (E) the FMLN is assassinating or abducting civilian noncombatants, is
 engaging in other acts of violence directed at civilian targets, or is
 failing to control such activities by elements subject to FMLN control.
 (3) EXCEPTION- Notwithstanding any other provision of law, funds withheld
 pursuant to paragraph (1) of this subsection may be disbursed to pay the
 cost of any contract penalties which may be incurred as a result of such
 withholding of funds under this subsection.
 (e) CONDITION FOR TERMINATION OF ALL UNITED STATES ASSISTANCE- (1)
 PROHIBITION- Subject to paragraph (2), no United States assistance may
 be furnished to El Salvador if the duly-elected head of Government of El
 Salvador is deposed by military coup or decree.
 (2) REQUIREMENT FOR RESUMPTION OF ASSISTANCE- Assistance prohibited under
 paragraph (1) may only be resumed pursuant to a law subsequently enacted
 by the Congress.
 (f) ESTABLISHMENT OF A FUND FOR CEASE-FIRE MONITORING, DEMOBILIZATION, AND
 TRANSITION TO PEACE- (1) ESTABLISHMENT OF FUND- There is hereby established
 in the Treasury of the United States a fund to assist with the costs of
 monitoring a permanent settlement of the conflict, including a cease-fire,
 and the demobilization of combatants in the conflict in El Salvador,
 and their transition to peaceful pursuits, which shall be known as the
 `Demobilization and Transition Fund' (hereafter in this section referred
 to as the `Fund'). Amounts in this Fund shall be available for obligation
 and expenditure only upon notification by the President to the Congress
 that the Government of El Salvador and representatives of the  FMLN have
 reached a permanent settlement of the conflict, including a final agreement
 on a cease-fire.
 (2) TRANSFER OF CERTAIN MILITARY ASSISTANCE FUNDS- Upon notification of the
 Congress of a permanent settlement of the conflict, including an agreement on
 a cease-fire, or on September 30, 1991, if no such notification has occurred
 prior to that date, the President shall transfer to the Fund any United States
 military assistance funds withheld pursuant to subsection (d) of this section.
 (3) USE OF THE FUND- Notwithstanding any other provision of law, amounts
 in the Fund shall be available for El Salvador solely to support costs
 of demobilization, retraining, relocation, and reemployment in civilian
 pursuits of former combatants in the conflict in El Salvador, and of the
 monitoring of the permanent settlement and cease-fire.
 (4) DURATION OF AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS- Notwithstanding any other provision
 of law, amounts transferred to the Fund shall remain available until expended.
 (g) STRENGTHENING CIVILIAN CONTROL OVER THE MILITARY- In order to strengthen
 the control of the democratically-elected civilian Government of El Salvador
 over the armed forces of that country, United States military assistance
 for any fiscal year may be delivered to the armed forces of El Salvador
 only with the prior approval of the duly elected President of El Salvador.
 (h) SUPPORT FOR DEMOCRACY- (1) ESTABLISHING A PROGRAM- The Secretary of
 State, through agreement with the National Endowment for Democracy or other
 qualified organizations, shall establish and carry out a program of education,
 training, and dialogue for the purpose of strengthening democratic political
 and legal institutions in El Salvador.
 (2) ELECTION MONITORING- Of the amounts made available to carry out this
 subsection, up to $2,000,000 may be used for support for monitoring the 1991
 municipal and National Assembly elections in El Salvador, and for monitoring
 the registration and campaign processes leading up to those elections, by
 appropriate organizations such as the United Nations, the Organization of
 American States, the Carter Center, the National Democratic Institute for
 International Affairs, the National Republican Institute for International
 Affairs, and the Center for Electoral Assistance and Promotion (CAPEL)
 of San Jose, Costa Rica.
 (3) ASSISTANCE- Up to $10,000,000 of funds appropriated under the heading
 `Economic Support Fund' for fiscal year 1991 may be used to carry out
 this subsection.
 (i) REPORTING REQUIREMENTS- Sixty days after the date of enactment of this
 Act and every 180 days thereafter, the President shall submit to the Congress
 a report describing--
 (1) the willingness or unwillingness of the Government of El Salvador
 and the FMLN to negotiate seriously and in good faith for the purpose of
 achieving a permanent settlement to the conflict in El Salvador, including
 a cease-fire, and providing appropriate information regarding criteria
 described in subsections (c) and (d)(2); and
 (2) the status of investigations into the politically motivated murders
 listed in section 538 of this Act.
 (j) DEFINITIONS- For purposes of this section--
 (1) the term `United States assistance' has the same meaning as is given
 to such term by section 481(i)(4) of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961
 (22 U.S.C. 2291(i)(4)) and includes United States military assistance as
 defined in paragraph (2); and
 (2) the term `United States military assistance' means--
 (A) assistance to carry out chapter 2 (relating to grant military assistance)
 or chapter 5 (relating to international military education and training)
 of part II of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961; and
 (B) assistance to carry out section 23 of the Arms Export Control Act.
NOTIFICATION CONCERNING AIRCRAFT IN CENTRAL AMERICA
 SEC. 532. (a) During the current fiscal year, the authorities of part II of
 the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 and the Arms Export Control Act may not be
 used to make available any helicopters or other aircraft for military use,
 and licenses may not be issued under section 38 of the Arms Export Control
 Act for the export of any such aircraft, to any country in Central America
 unless the Committees on Appropriations, the Committee on Foreign Affairs
 of the House of Representatives and the Committee on Foreign Relations of
 the Senate are notified in writing at least fifteen days in advance.
  (b) During the current fiscal year, the Secretary of State shall promptly
  notify the committees designated in subsection (a) whenever any helicopters
  or other aircraft for military use are provided to any country in Central
  America by any foreign country.
ENVIRONMENT AND GLOBAL WARMING
 SEC. 533. (a) It is the policy of the  United States that sustainable
 economic growth must be predicated on the sustainable management of natural
 resources. The Secretary of the Treasury shall instruct the  United States
 Executive Director of each multilateral development bank (MDB) to promote
 vigorously within each MDB the expansion of programs in areas which address
 the problems of global climate change through requirements to--
 (1) expand programs in energy conservation, end use energy efficiency,
 and renewable energy and promotion by--
 (A) continuing to augment and expand professional staffs with expertise in
 these areas;
 (B) giving priority to these areas in the `least cost' energy sector
 investment plans;
 (C) encouraging and promoting these areas in policy-based energy sector
 lending;
 (D) developing loans for these purposes; and
 (E) convening seminars for MDB staff and board members on these areas and
 alternative energy investment opportunities;
 (2) provide analysis for each proposed loan to support additional power
 generating capacity comparing demand reduction costs to proposal costs;
 (3) continue to assure that environmental impact assessments (EIA) of
 proposed energy projects are conducted early in the project cycle, include
 consideration of alternatives to the proposed project, and encourage public
 participation in the EIA process;
 (4) continue to include the environmental costs of proposed projects with
 significant environmental impacts in economic assessments; and
 (5) continue to provide technical assistance as a component of energy
 sector lending.
 (b) The Secretary of the Treasury shall, not later than March 1, 1991,
 submit an annual report to the Congress which shall include--
 (1) a detailed description of how the natural resource management initiatives
 mandated by this section have been incorporated in the Administration's
 efforts to address Third World Debt (the Brady Plan);
 (2) a detailed description of progress made by each of the MDBs in adopting
 and implementing programs meeting the standards set out in subsection (a)
 including, in particular, efforts by the Department of the Treasury to assure
 implementation of this section, progress made by each MDB in subsection
 (a)(1)(B), and the amounts and proportion of lending in the energy sector
 for projects or programs in subsection (a)(1);
 (3) the progress the Inter-American Development Bank has made in implementing
 environmental reforms;
 (4) an updated analysis of each MDB's forestry sector loans, and a current
 analysis of each MDB's energy sector loans, and their impact on emissions
 of CO2 and the status of proposals for specific forestry and energy sector
 activities to reduce CO2 emissions; and
 (5) the progress the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development
 has made in implementing the recommendations set forth in the April 1,
 1988, report on `Debt-for-Nature Swaps' by the World Bank.
 (c)(1) The Administrator of the Agency for International Development shall
 update and issue guidance to all Agency missions and bureaus detailing the
 elements of the `Global Warming Initiative', which will continue to emphasize
 the need to reduce emissions of greenhouse gases, especially CO2 and CFCs,
 through strategies consistent with continued economic development. This
 initiative shall continue to emphasize the need to accelerate sustainable
 development strategies in areas such as reforestation, biodiversity,
 end-use energy efficiency, least-cost energy planning, and renewable energy,
 and shall encourage mission directors to incorporate the elements of this
 initiative in developing their country programs.
 (2) The Administrator shall pursue this initiative by, among other things--
 (A) increasing the number and expertise of personnel devoted to this
 initiative in all bureaus and missions;
 (B) devoting increased resources to technical training of mission directors;
 (C) accelerating the activities of the Multi-Agency Working Group on Power
 Sector Innovation;
 (D) focusing tropical forestry assistance programs on the key middle- and
 low-income developing countries (hereinafter `key countries') which are
 projected to contribute large amounts of greenhouse gases to the global
 environment;
 (E) assisting countries in developing a systematic analysis of the appropriate
 use of their total tropical forest resources, with the goal of developing
 a national program for sustainable forestry;
 (F) focusing energy assistance activities on the key countries, where
 assistance would have the greatest impact on reducing emissions from
 greenhouse gases; and
 (G) continuing to follow the directives with respect to key countries and
 countries that receive large Economic Support Fund assistance contained in
 section 534(b)(3) of Public Law 101-167.
 (3) None of the funds appropriated in this Act shall be available for any
 program, project or activity which would--
 (A) result in any significant loss of tropical forests; or
 (B) involve industrial timber extraction in primary tropical forest areas.
 (4) Funds appropriated to carry out the provisions of sections 103 and 106
 of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961, as amended, may be used by the Agency
 for International Development, notwithstanding any other provision of law,
 for the purpose of supporting tropical forestry and energy programs aimed at
 reducing emissions of greenhouse gases with regard to the key countries in
 which deforestation and energy policy would make a significant contribution
 to global warming, except that such assistance shall be subject to sections
 116, 502B, and 620A of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961.
 (5) Funds appropriated by this Act to carry out the provisions of sections
 103 and 106 of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 may be used for expenses
 (including related support costs) relating to the environment and energy
 sectors, of employees or individuals detailed to or employed by the Agency
 for International Development, particularly those involved with the `Global
 Warming Initiative' described in this subsection.
 (d) Of the funds appropriated by this Act to carry out the provisions of
 part I of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961, not less than $80,000,000
 shall be made available for environment and energy activities, including
 funds earmarked under section 534 of this Act, as follows--
 (1) not less than $15,000,000 of the aggregate of the funds appropriated
 to carry out the provisions of sections 103 through 106 and chapter 10 of
 part I of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 shall be made available for
 biological diversity activities, of which: $3,000,000 shall be made available
 for the Parks in Peril project pursuant to the authority of section 119(b)
 of that Act, $500,000 shall be for neotropical migratory bird conservation
 in Latin America and the Caribbean, $100,000 shall be for the Charles Darwin
 Station, $750,000 shall be for Project Noah, and $1,500,000 shall be for
 the National Science Foundation's international biological diversity program;
 (2) not less than $30,000,000 of the funds appropriated to carry out
 the provisions of sections 103 and 106 of the Foreign Assistance Act of
 1961 shall be made available to support the `Global Warming Initiative'
 as described in this section;
 (3) not less than $5,000,000 of the funds appropriated to carry out the
 provisions of sections 103, 106 and chapter 10 of part I of the Foreign
 Assistance Act of 1961 shall be made available for assistance in support
 of elephant conservation and preservation; and
 (4) not less than $20,000,000 of the funds appropriated to carry out
 the provisions of sections 103 and 106 of the Foreign Assistance Act of
 1961 shall be made available for the Office of Energy of the Agency for
 International Development.
 (e) Of the funds appropriated by this Act to carry out the provisions
 of section 23 of the Arms Export Control Act, not less than $15,000,000
 shall be made available to countries in Africa for programs which support
 conservation and biological diversity.
 (f) Chapter 2 of part II of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 is amended
 by adding the following new section:
 `SEC. 518. NATURAL RESOURCES AND WILDLIFE MANAGEMENT-
 (a) AUTHORITY TO TRANSFER NONLETHAL EXCESS DEFENSE ARTICLES AND SMALL ARMS-
 Subject to the limitations in this section, the President may transfer
 nonlethal excess defense articles and small arms to friendly countries and
 to international organizations and private and voluntary organizations for
 the purposes contained in section 119 of this Act.
 `(b) LIMITATION ON TRANSFERS- Transfers under this section shall be subject
 to the limitations contained in section 516(b).
 `(c) TRANSPORTATION- The Department is authorized to transport nonlethal
 excess defense articles and small arms made available pursuant to this
 section without charge on a space available basis.
 `(d) WAIVER OF REQUIREMENTS FOR REIMBURSEMENT OF DOD EXPENSES- Section
 632(d) shall not apply with respect to transfers of nonlethal excess defense
 articles and small arms under this section or the transportation of such
 articles as authorized by subsection (c).
 `(e) NOTIFICATION TO COMMITTEES OF CONGRESS- The President may not transfer
 nonlethal excess defense articles and small arms under this section until 30
 days after he has notified the Committees on Appropriations of the proposed
 transfer. This notification shall include a certification of the need for
 the transfer and an assessment of the impact of the transfer on the military
 readiness of the United States. Transfers under this section shall also be
 subject to the notification requirements of section 516(c) of this Act.'.
 (g) Notwithstanding any other provision of law, none of the funds appropriated
 by this Act for programs of the Agency for International Development may
 be made available for any project or activity except in accordance with
 the requirements of section 117(c) of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961
 and the regulations issued pursuant thereto (22 CFR 216).
MONTREAL PROTOCOL FACILITATION FUNDS
(INCLUDING TRANSFER OF FUNDS)
 SEC. 534. Not less than $10,000,000 of the funds appropriated by this Act
 to carry out sections 103 and 106 of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961
 shall be used to support the creation of a fund to facilitate and support
 global participation in the Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete
 the Ozone Layer: Provided, That these funds shall be transferred to the
 Bureau of Oceans, International Environment and Scientific Affairs of the
 Department of State and shall be made available, after consultations with
 the Environmental Protection Agency, to the United Nations Environment
 Program in its role as Secretariat to the Protocol: Provided further, That
 the United States representative to the Secretariat shall seek assurances
 that none of these funds shall be contributed to any developing country that
 is not a party to the Protocol and operating under Article 5 of the Protocol.
PROHIBITION CONCERNING ABORTIONS AND INVOLUNTARY STERILIZATION
 SEC. 535. None of the funds made available to carry out part I of the Foreign
 Assistance Act of 1961, as amended, may be used to pay for the performance
 of abortions as a method of family planning or to motivate or coerce any
 person to practice abortions. None of the funds made available to carry out
 part I of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961, as amended, may be used to
 pay for the performance of involuntary sterilization as a method of family
 planning or to coerce or provide any financial incentive to any person to
 undergo sterilizations. None of the funds made available to carry out part
 I of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961, as amended, may be used to pay for
 any biomedical research which relates in whole or in part, to methods of,
 or the performance of, abortions or involuntary sterilization as a means
 of family planning. None of the funds made available to carry out part I of
 the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961, as amended, may be obligated or expended
 for any country or organization if the President certifies that the use of
 these funds by any such country or organization would violate any of the
 above provisions related to abortions and involuntary sterilizations. The
 Congress reaffirms its commitments to Population, Development Assistance
 and to the need for informed voluntary family planning.
AFGHANISTAN--HUMANITARIAN ASSISTANCE
 SEC. 536. Of the aggregate amount of funds appropriated by this Act, to
 be derived in equal parts from the funds appropriated to carry out the
 provisions of chapter 1 of part I of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961,
 and chapter 4 of part II of that Act, up to $70,000,000 may be made available
 for the provision of food, medicine, or other humanitarian assistance to the
 Afghan people, notwithstanding any other provision of law. In carrying out
 this section, the Administrator of the Agency for International Development
 shall ensure that an equitable portion of the funds is made available to
 benefit Afghan women and girls, particularly in programs in refugee camps
 in Pakistan and in reconstruction projects in Afghanistan.
PRIVATE VOLUNTARY ORGANIZATIONS--DOCUMENTATION
 SEC. 537. None of the funds appropriated or made available pursuant to this
 Act shall be available to a private voluntary organization which fails
 to provide upon timely request any document, file, or record necessary
 to the auditing requirements of the Agency for International Development,
 nor shall any of the funds appropriated by this Act be made available to
 any private voluntary organization which is not registered with the Agency
 for International Development.
EL SALVADOR--INVESTIGATION OF MURDERS
 SEC. 538. Of the amounts made available by this Act for military assistance
 and financing for El Salvador under chapters 2 and 5 of part II of the Foreign
 Assistance Act of 1961 and under the Arms Export Control Act, $5,000,000
 may not be expended until the President reports, following the conclusion
 of the Appeals process in the case of Captain Avila, to the Committees on
 Appropriations that the Government of El Salvador has (1) substantially
 concluded all investigative action with respect to those responsible for
 the January 1981 deaths of the two United States land reform consultants
 Michael Hammer and Mark Pearlman and the Salvadoran Land Reform Institute
 Director Jose Rodolfo Viera, (2) pursued all legal avenues to bring to trial
 and obtain a verdict of those who ordered and carried out the January 1981
 murders, (3) pursued all legal avenues to bring to trial those who ordered
 and carried out the September 1988 massacre of ten peasants near the town of
 San Francisco, El Salvador, and to obtain a verdict, (4) pursued all legal
 avenues to bring to trial those who ordered and carried out the November 1989
 murders of six Jesuit priests and their associates, and to obtain a verdict,
 and (5) pursued all legal avenues to bring to trial those responsible for
 the deaths of the ten unionists who were killed during the October 31,
 1989 bombing of the FENASTRAS headquarters, and to obtain a verdict.
REFUGEE RESETTLEMENT
 SEC. 539. It is the sense of the Congress that all countries receiving
 United States foreign assistance under the `Economic Support Fund',
 `Foreign Military Financing Program', `International Military Education
 and Training', the Agricultural Trade Development and Assistance Act of
 1954 (Public Law 480), development assistance programs, or trade promotion
 programs should fully cooperate with the international refugee assistance
 organizations, the United States, and other governments in facilitating
 lasting solutions to refugee situations. Further, where resettlement to
 other countries is the appropriate solution, such resettlement should be
 expedited in cooperation with the country of asylum without respect to race,
 sex, religion, or national origin.
ETHIOPIA--FORCED RESETTLEMENT, VILLAGIZATION
 SEC. 540. None of the funds appropriated in this Act shall be made available
 for any costs associated with the Government of Ethiopia's forced resettlement
 or villagization programs.
SPECIAL NOTIFICATION REQUIREMENTS
 SEC. 541. None of the funds appropriated in this Act shall be obligated or
 expended for Sudan, Liberia, Lebanon, Zaire, Chile, Yemen, Haiti, Guatemala,
 or Somalia except as provided through the regular notification procedures
 of the Committees on Appropriations.
DEFINITION OF PROGRAM, PROJECT, AND ACTIVITY
 SEC. 542. For the purpose of this Act, `program, project, and activity'
 shall be defined at the Appropriations Act account level and shall include
 all Appropriations and Authorizations Acts earmarks, ceilings, and limitations
 with the exception that for the following accounts: Economic Support Fund and
 Foreign Military Financing Program, `program, project, and activity' shall
 also be considered to include country, regional, and central program level
 funding within each such account; for the development assistance accounts
 of the Agency for International Development `program, project, and activity'
 shall also be considered to include central program level funding, either as
 (1) justified to the Congress, or (2) allocated by the executive branch in
 accordance with a report, to be provided to the Committees on Appropriations
 within thirty days of enactment of this Act, as required by section 653(a)
 of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961, as amended.
CHILD SURVIVAL AND AIDS ACTIVITIES
 SEC. 543. Of the funds made available by this Act for assistance for health,
 child survival, and AIDS, up to $8,000,000 may be used to reimburse United
 States Government agencies, agencies of State governments, institutions of
 higher learning, and private and voluntary organizations for the full cost
 of individuals (including for the personal services of such individuals)
 detailed or assigned to, or contracted by, as the case may be, the Agency
 for International Development for the purpose of carrying out child survival
 activities and activities relating to research on, and the treatment and
 control of, acquired immune deficiency syndrome in developing countries:
 Provided, That such individuals shall not be included within any personnel
 ceiling applicable to any United States Government agency during the period
 of detail or assignment.
CHILE
 SEC. 544. (a) Funds appropriated by this Act under the heading `Economic
 Support Fund' may be used under the authority of section 534(b) (4) and (6)
 of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 to support the efforts of private groups
 and individuals seeking to develop a national consensus on the importance
 of an independent judiciary and the administration of justice generally in
 a democratic society. Assistance may be provided under this section without
 regard to the requirements of section 726(b) of the International Security
 and Development Cooperation Act of 1981.
 (b) Section 726(c) of the International Security and Development Cooperation
 Act of 1981 is amended by striking out `and technical manuals for aircraft
 of the F-5E/F or A/T-37 type which were sold to the Chilean Air Force by
 the United States before January 1, 1976' and inserting in lieu thereof
 `components, parts, tools, technical manuals, time compliance to technical
 orders (TCTOs), or TCTO retrofits for aircraft of the F-5E/F, A/T-37,
 or C-130E/H type owned by the Chilean Air Force'.
PROHIBITION AGAINST INDIRECT FUNDING TO CERTAIN COUNTRIES
 SEC. 545. None of the funds appropriated or otherwise made available pursuant
 to this Act shall be obligated to finance indirectly any assistance or
 reparations to Angola, Cambodia, Cuba, Iraq, Libya, the Socialist Republic of
 Vietnam, Iran, or Syria unless the President of the United States certifies
 that the withholding of these funds is contrary to the national interest
 of the United States.
RECIPROCAL LEASING
 SEC. 546. Section 61(a) of the Arms Export Control Act is amended by striking
 out `1990' and inserting in lieu thereof `1991'.
DEFENSE EQUIPMENT DRAWDOWN
 SEC. 547. (a) Defense articles, services and training drawn down under
 the authority of section 506(a) of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961,
 shall not be furnished to a recipient unless such articles are delivered
 to, and such services and training initiated for, the recipient country
 or international organization not more than one hundred and twenty days
 from the date on which Congress received notification of the intention to
 exercise the authority of that section: Provided, That if defense articles
 have not been delivered or services and training initiated by the period
 specified in this section, a new notification pursuant to section 506(b)
 of such Act shall be provided, which shall include an explanation for the
 delay in furnishing such articles, services, and training, before such
 articles, services, or training may be furnished.
 (b) Drawdowns made pursuant to section 506(a)(2) of the Foreign Assistance
 Act of 1961 shall be subject to the regular notification procedures of the
 Committees on Appropriations.
NOTIFICATION ON EXCESS DEFENSE EQUIPMENT
 SEC. 548. Prior to providing excess Department of Defense articles in
 accordance with section 516(a) of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961, the
 Department of Defense shall notify the Committees on Appropriations to the
 same extent and under the same conditions as are other committees pursuant
 to subsection (c) of that section: Provided, That before issuing a letter
 of offer to sell excess defense articles under the Arms Export Control Act,
 the Department of Defense shall notify the Committees on Appropriations
 in accordance with the regular notification procedures of such Committees:
 Provided further, That such Committees shall also be informed of the original
 acquisition cost of such defense articles.
AUTHORIZATION REQUIREMENT
 SEC. 549. Funds appropriated by this Act may be obligated and expended
 notwithstanding section 10 of Public Law 91-672 and section 15 of the State
 Department Basic Authorities Act of 1956.
NOTIFICATION TO CONGRESS ON DEBT RELIEF AGREEMENTS
 SEC. 550. The Secretary of State shall transmit to the Appropriations
 Committees of the Congress and to such other Committees as appropriate,
 a copy of the text of any agreement with any foreign government which would
 result in any debt relief no less than thirty days prior to its entry into
 force, other than one entered into pursuant to this Act, together with a
 detailed justification of the interest of the United States in the proposed
 debt relief: Provided, That the term `debt relief' shall include any and
 all debt prepayment, debt rescheduling, and debt restructuring proposals and
 agreements: Provided further, That the Secretary of State and the Secretary
 of the Treasury should in every feasible instance notify the Appropriations
 Committees of the Congress and such other Committees as appropriate not less
 than 15 days prior to any formal multilateral or bilateral negotiation for
 official debt restructuring, rescheduling, or relief: Provided further, That
 the Secretary of State or the Secretary of the Treasury, as appropriate,
 shall report not later than the first of February, 1991 and annually
 thereafter a consolidated statement of the budgetary implications of all
 debt-related agreements entered into force during the preceding fiscal year.
MIDDLE EAST REGIONAL COOPERATION AND ISRAELI-ARAB SCHOLARSHIPS
 SEC. 551. (a) Middle East regional cooperative programs which have been
 carried out in accordance with section 202(c) of the International Security
 and Development Cooperation Act of 1985 shall continue to be funded at a
 level of not less than $7,000,000 from funds appropriated under the heading
 `Economic Support Fund'.
 (b) Section 556(b) of the Foreign Operations, Export Financing, and Related
 Programs Appropriations Act, 1990, is amended by striking out `September 30,
 1990' and inserting in lieu thereof `July 31, 1991'.
MEMBERSHIP DESIGNATION IN ASIAN DEVELOPMENT BANK
 SEC. 552. It is the sense of the Congress that the United States
 Government should use its influence in the Asian Development Bank to
 secure reconsideration of that institution's decision to designate Taiwan
 (the Republic of China) as `Taipei, China'. It is further the sense of the
 Congress that the Asian Development Bank should resolve this dispute in a
 fashion that is acceptable to Taiwan (the Republic of China).
DEPLETED URANIUM
 SEC. 553. None of the funds provided in this or any other Act may be made
 available to facilitate in any way the sale of M-833 antitank shells or
 any comparable antitank shells containing a depleted uranium penetrating
 component to any country other than (1) countries which are members of
 NATO, (2) countries which have been designated as a major non-NATO ally
 for purposes of section 1105 of the National Defense Authorization Act for
 Fiscal Year 1987 or, (3) Pakistan: Provided, That funds may be made available
 to facilitate the sale of such shells notwithstanding the limitations of
 this section if the President determines that to do so is in the national
 security interest of the United States.
EARMARKS
 SEC. 554. Funds appropriated by this Act which are earmarked may be
 reprogrammed for other programs within the same account notwithstanding the
 earmark if compliance with the earmark is made impossible by operation of
 any provision of this or any other Act or, with respect to a country with
 which the United States has an agreement providing the United States with
 base rights or base access in that country, if the President determines that
 the recipient for which funds are earmarked has significantly reduced its
 military or economic cooperation with the United States since enactment of the
 Foreign Operations, Export Financing, and Related Programs Appropriations Act,
 1990; however, before exercising the authority of this section with regard
 to a base rights or base access country which has significantly reduced
 its military or economic cooperation with the United States, the President
 shall consult with, and shall provide a written policy justification to
 the Committees on Appropriations: Provided, That any such reprogramming
 shall be subject to the regular notification procedures of the Committees
 on Appropriations: Provided further, That assistance that is reprogrammed
 pursuant to this section shall be made available under the same terms and
 conditions as originally provided.
OPPOSITION TO ASSISTANCE TO TERRORIST COUNTRIES BY INTERNATIONAL FINANCIAL
INSTITUTIONS
 SEC. 555. (a) INSTRUCTIONS FOR UNITED STATES EXECUTIVE DIRECTORS- The
 Secretary of the Treasury shall instruct the United States Executive
 Director of each international financial institution to vote against any
 loan or other use of the funds of the respective institution to or for a
 country for which the Secretary of State has made a determination under
 section 6(j) of the Export Administration Act of 1979.
 (b) DEFINITION- For purposes of this section, the term `international
 financial institution' includes--
 (1) the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development, the
 International Development Association, and the International Monetary
 Fund; and
 (2) wherever applicable, the Inter-American Development Bank, the Asian
 Development Bank, the African Development Bank, and the African Development
 Fund.
PROHIBITION ON BILATERAL ASSISTANCE TO TERRORIST COUNTRIES
 SEC. 556. (a) Notwithstanding any other provision of law, funds appropriated
 for bilateral assistance under any heading of this Act and funds appropriated
 under any such heading in a provision of law enacted prior to fiscal
 year 1990, shall not be made available to any country which the President
 determines--
 (1) grants sanctuary from prosecution to any individual or group which has
 committed an act of international terrorism, or
 (2) otherwise supports international terrorism.
 (b) The President may waive the application of subsection (a) to a
 country if the President determines that national security or humanitarian
 reasons justify such waiver. The President shall publish each waiver in the
 Federal Register and, at least fifteen days before the waiver takes effect,
 shall notify the Committees on Appropriations of the waiver (including the
 justification for the waiver) in accordance with the regular notification
 procedures of the Committees on Appropriations.
COMMISSION ON FOREIGN ASSISTANCE MANAGEMENT
 SEC. 557. (a) ESTABLISHMENT- There is established the Commission on Management
 of the Agency for International Development Programs (hereafter in this
 section referred to as the `Commission').
 (b) MEMBERSHIP- The Commission shall consist of 5 members appointed
 by the President after consultation with the Chairmen of the Committee
 on Appropriations and the Committee on Foreign Affairs of the House of
 Representatives and the Chairmen of the Committee on Appropriations and
 the Committee on Foreign Relations of the Senate. Individual members of the
 Commission shall be from the private sector. The President shall designate
 the Chairman of the Commission from among its members.
 (c) DUTIES- The Commission shall conduct a thorough study and recommend
 appropriate administrative action and legislation necessary in connection
 with the following:
 (1) the adequacy of systems of program management, including evaluation
 and coordination, taking into consideration, among other things--
 (A) the need to identify central foci within the Agency to coordinate its
 program and management responsibilities and to evaluate the Agency's program
 and management performance;
 (B) the need to develop specific indicators of effective performance for
 both program and management functions;
 (2) the adequacy of personnel management systems, taking into consideration,
 among other things--
 (A) the need to systematically ensure the integration of program, operating
 expense, and personnel levels;
 (B) the need to adjust personnel and operating expense levels among
 organizational units in order to meet changing program requirements;
 (C) the capacity to meet changing requirements for program and management
 skills in headquarters offices and field missions;
 (D) the significance of operating and program funding distinctions as
 they affect the ability of the Agency to adjust its personnel to program
 requirements;
 (3) the adequacy of systems of personal accountability for program management,
 taking into consideration, among other things--
 (A) the need to establish and identify clear lines of decisionmaking
 responsibility among headquarters offices and between headquarters and
 field missions;
 (B) the need to ensure that an individual's performance in the implementation
 and management of the Agency's program portfolio is appropriately reflected
 in its promotion and assignment processes.
 (d) REPORT- The Commission shall submit a comprehensive report to the
 President and to the Congress, not later than six months from the date
 after which all members of the Commission have been appointed, containing
 the findings and recommendations of the Commission with respect to its
 study. The Commission should work with the General Accounting Office and
 consult with General Accounting Office reports and studies on management
 issues concerning the Agency for International Development in the conduct
 of its study. The Commission shall cease to exist on the thirtieth day after
 the date on which it files the comprehensive report under this subsection.
 (e) COMPENSATION AND PER DIEM- (1) COMPENSATION- Members of the Commission
 shall receive no pay on account of their service on the Commission.
 (2) PER DIEM- While away from their homes or regular places of business in the
 performance of services for the Commission, members of the Commission shall
 be allowed travel expenses, including per diem in lieu of subsistence, in
 the same manner as persons employed intermittently in the Government service
 are allowed expenses under section 5703 of title 5 of the United States Code.
 (f) AUTHORITIES- (1) IN GENERAL- The Commission or any member it authorizes
 may, for the purposes of carrying out this section, hold such hearings,
 sit and act at such times and places, request such attendance, take such
 testimony, and receive such evidence, as the Commission considers appropriate.
 (2) APPOINTMENTS- Subject to such rules as may be adopted by the Commission,
 the Chairman of the Commission, without regard to the provisions of title 5,
 United States Code, governing appointments in the competitive service and
 without regard to the provisions of chapter 51 and subchapter III of chapter
 53 of such title relating to classifications and General Schedule pay rates,
 may appoint and fix the compensation of a Director and such other staff as
 the Chairman considers necessary.
 (3) TEMPORARY SERVICES- The Chairman of the Commission may procure temporary
 and intermittent services to the same extent as is authorized by section
 3109(b) of title 5 of the United States Code, but at rates for individuals
 not to exceed the daily equivalent of the maximum annual rate of basic pay
 then in effect for grade GS-18 of the General Schedule (5 U.S.C. 5332(a)).
 (4) ADMINISTRATIVE SUPPORT- Upon the request of the Chairman of the
 Commission, the head of any Federal department or agency may detail, on a
 reimbursable basis, any of the personnel of such department or agency to the
 Commission to assist it in carrying out its duties under this section. The
 Administrator of the Agency for International Development shall provide to
 the Commission on a reimbursable basis such administrative support services
 as the Chairman of the Commission may request and the Administrator of the
 Agency for International Development may deem appropriate.
 (5) INFORMATION FROM FEDERAL AGENCIES- The Commission may secure directly
 from any department or agency of the United States appropriate information
 necessary to enable it to carry out this section. Upon the request of the
 Chairman of the Commission, the head of such department or agency shall
 furnish such appropriate information to the Commission.
 (g) FUNDING- In addition to funds otherwise available for such purposes,
 up to $500,000 of the unearmarked funds appropriated by this Act under the
 heading `Operating Expenses of the Agency for International Development'
 may be made available for purposes of this section.
SOUTH AFRICA--SCHOLARSHIPS
 SEC. 558. Of the funds made available by this Act under the heading
 `Economic Support Fund', $10,000,000 may be made available for scholarships
 for disadvantaged South Africans.
NARCOTICS CONTROL PROGRAM
 SEC. 559. (a)(1) Of the funds appropriated by this Act under the heading
 `Economic Support Fund', $59,900,000 may be made available for Bolivia,
 Ecuador, Jamaica, and Peru.
 (2) In addition to funds made available under paragraph (1), of the
 funds appropriated by this Act under the heading `Economic Support Fund',
 $195,000,000 may be made available for Peru, Bolivia, Colombia, and Ecuador:
 Provided, That funds under this paragraph may be made available to a country
 only if such country is making significant progress, as appropriate, in (A)
 satisfying the goals agreed to in the applicable bilateral narcotics agreement
 between such country and the United States, or a comparable multilateral
 agreement, (B) preventing narcotic drugs and other controlled substances
 from being sold illegally within the jurisdiction of such country to United
 States Government personnel or their dependents or from being transported,
 directly or indirectly, into the United States, (C) preventing and punishing
 the laundering in that country of drug-related profits or drug-related moneys,
 and (D) preventing and punishing public corruption which facilitates the
 illicit production, processing, or shipment of narcotic drugs and other
 controlled substances, or which discourages the investigation and prosecution
 of such acts.
 (3) For the purpose of reducing dependence upon the production of crops from
 which narcotic and psychotropic drugs are derived, funds appropriated by
 this Act to carry out the provisions of chapter 1 of part I and chapter 4
 of part II of the Foreign Assistance Act may be made available for Bolivia,
 Peru, Colombia, Ecuador, and Jamaica to promote the production, processing,
 and the marketing of products which can be economically produced in those
 countries, notwithstanding section 521 of this Act.
 (4) Of the funds appropriated by this Act under the heading `Foreign Military
 Financing Program', not more than $118,000,000 may be made available for
 Bolivia, Peru, and Colombia: Provided, That no funds may be made available
 under this paragraph to the government of any country which engages in
 a consistent pattern of gross violations of internationally recognized
 human rights.
 (5)(A) Of the funds appropriated by this Act to carry out the provisions
 of section 541 of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961, up to $2,000,000,
 except through the regular notification procedures of the Committees on
 Appropriations, may be made available for Bolivia, Peru, Colombia, and
 Ecuador, notwithstanding section 660 of such Act, for--
 (i) education and training in the operation and maintenance of equipment
 used in narcotics control interdiction and eradication efforts; and
 (ii) the expenses of deploying, upon the request of the government of
 such foreign country, Department of Defense mobile training teams in that
 foreign country to conduct training in military-related individual and
 collective skills that will enhance that country's ability to conduct
 tactical operations in narcotics interdiction.
 (B) Education and training under this paragraph may be provided only for
 foreign law enforcement agencies, or other units, that are organized for
 the specific purpose of narcotics enforcement.
 (6) Funds made available by this Act to carry out the provisions of the Arms
 Export Control Act and section 534 of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961
 may be provided for training and equipment for law enforcement agencies
 or other units in Colombia, Bolivia, and Peru that are organized for the
 specific purpose of narcotics enforcement: Provided, That assistance under
 this paragraph may be provided notwithstanding section 660 of the Foreign
 Assistance Act of 1961 and the second sentence of section 534(e) of that
 Act: Provided further, That assistance provided pursuant to this paragraph
 shall be subject to the regular notification procedures of the Committees
 on Appropriations.
 (7) Funds made available under this subsection shall be available for
 obligation consistent with requirements to apply the provisions of section
 481(h) of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 (relating to International
 Narcotics Control).
 (b) None of the funds appropriated or otherwise made available under this
 Act may be available for any country during any three-month period beginning
 on or after October 1, 1990, immediately following a certification by the
 President to the Congress that the government of such country is failing
 to take adequate measures (including satisfying the goals agreed to in
 applicable bilateral narcotics agreements as defined in section 481(h)(2)(B)
 of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961) to prevent narcotic drugs or other
 controlled substances (as listed in the schedules in section 202 of the
 Comprehensive Drug Abuse and Prevention Control Act of 1971 (21 U.S.C. 812))
 which are cultivated, produced, or processed illicitly, in whole or in part,
 in such country, or transported through such country from being sold illegally
 within the jurisdiction of such country to United States Government personnel
 or their dependents or from entering the United States unlawfully.
 (c) In making determinations with respect to Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador,
 and Peru pursuant to section 481(h)(2)(A)(i) of the Foreign Assistance
 Act of 1961, the President shall take into account the extent to which
 the Government of each country is sufficiently responsive to United States
 Government concerns on coca control and whether the provision of assistance
 for that country is in the national interest of the United States.
 (d) Of the funds appropriated under title II of this Act for the Agency
 for International Development, up to $10,000,000 should be made available
 for narcotics education and awareness programs (including public diplomacy
 programs) of the Agency for International Development, and $40,000,000 of
 the funds appropriated under title II of this Act should be made available
 for narcotics related economic assistance activities.
TURKISH AND GREEK MILITARY FORCES ON CYPRUS
 SEC. 560. Any agreement for the sale or provision of any article on the
 United States Munitions List (established pursuant to section 38 of the Arms
 Export Control Act) entered into by the United States after the enactment of
 this section shall expressly state that the article is being provided by the
 United States only with the understanding that it will not be transferred to
 Cyprus or otherwise used to further the severance or division of Cyprus. The
 President shall report to Congress any substantial evidence that equipment
 provided under any such agreement has been used in a manner inconsistent
 with the purposes of this section.
COMMERCIAL LEASING OF DEFENSE ARTICLES
 SEC. 561. Notwithstanding any other provision of law, and subject to the
 regular notification requirements of the Committees on Appropriations,
 the authority of section 23(a) of the Arms Export Control Act may be
 used to provide financing to Israel and Egypt and NATO and major non-NATO
 allies for the procurement by leasing (including leasing with an option
 to purchase) of defense articles from United States commercial suppliers,
 not including Major Defense Equipment (other than helicopters and other
 types of aircraft having possible civilian application), if the President
 determines that there are compelling foreign policy or national security
 reasons for those defense articles being provided by commercial lease rather
 than by government-to-government sale under such Act.
GENERAL AUTHORIZATIONS
 SEC. 562. General Authorizations-
SUB-SAHARAN AFRICA
 (a) AUTHORIZATION- Part I of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 is amended
 by adding after chapter 9 the following new chapter:
`Chapter 10--Development Fund for Africa
 `SEC. 496. LONG-TERM DEVELOPMENT ASSISTANCE FOR SUB-SAHARAN AFRICA- (a)
 FINDINGS- The Congress finds that--
 `(1) drought and famine have caused countless deaths and untold suffering
 among the people of sub-Saharan Africa;
 `(2) drought and famine in combination with other factors such as
 desertification, government neglect of the agricultural sector, and
 inappropriate economic policies have severely affected long-term development
 in sub-Saharan Africa; and
 `(3) the most cost-effective and efficient way of overcoming Africa's
 vulnerability to drought and famine is to address Africa's long-term
 development needs through a process that builds upon the needs and
 capabilities of the African people, promotes sustained and equitable economic
 growth, preserves the environment, and protects the rights of the individual.
 `(b) AUTHORITY TO FURNISH ASSISTANCE- The President is authorized to
 furnish project and program assistance, on such terms and conditions as he
 may determine in accordance with the policies contained in this section,
 for long-term development in sub-Saharan Africa.
 `(c) Purpose of Assistance-
 `(1) PURPOSE- The purpose of assistance under this section shall be to help
 the poor majority of men and women in sub-Saharan Africa to participate in a
 process of long-term development through economic growth that is equitable,
 participatory, environmentally sustainable, and self-reliant.
 `(2) USE OF ASSISTANCE TO ENCOURAGE PRIVATE SECTOR DEVELOPMENT- Assistance
 under this section should, in a manner consistent with paragraph (1),
 be used to promote sustained economic growth, encourage private sector
 development, promote individual initiatives, and help to reduce the role
 of central governments in areas more appropriate for the private sector.
 `(d) APPLICATION OF DEVELOPMENT ASSISTANCE GENERAL AUTHORITIES AND POLICIES-
 Except to the extent inconsistent with this section--
 `(1) any reference in any law to chapter 1 of this part (including references
 to sections 103 through 106) shall be deemed to include a reference to this
 section; and
 `(2) assistance under this section shall be provided consistent with the
 policies contained in section 102.
 `(e) Private and Voluntary Organizations-
 `(1) CONSULTATION TO ENSURE LOCAL PERSPECTIVES- The Agency for International
 Development shall take into account the local-level perspectives of the
 rural and urban poor in sub-Saharan Africa, including women, during the
 planning process for project and program assistance under this section. In
 order to gain that perspective the Agency for International Development
 should consult closely with African, United States, and other private
 and voluntary organizations that have demonstrated effectiveness in or
 commitment to the promotion of local, grassroots activities on behalf of
 long-term development in sub-Saharan Africa as described in subsection (c).
 `(2) DEFINITION OF PRIVATE AND VOLUNTARY ORGANIZATIONS- For purposes of
 this section, the term `private and voluntary organization' includes (in
 addition to entities traditionally considered to be private and voluntary
 organizations) cooperatives, credit unions, trade unions, women's groups,
 nonprofit development research institutions, and indigenous local
 organizations, which are private and nonprofit.
 `(f) LOCAL INVOLVEMENT IN PROJECT IMPLEMENTATION- Local people, including
 women, shall be closely consulted and involved in the implementation of
 every project under this section which as a local focus.
 `(g) PARTICIPATION OF AFRICAN WOMEN- The Agency for International
 Development shall ensure that development activities assisted under this
 section incorporate a significant expansion of the participation (including
 decisionmaking) and integration of African women in each of the critical
 sectors described in subsection (i).
 `(h) Types of Assistance-
 `(1) PROJECTS AND PROGRAMS TO ADDRESS CRITICAL SECTORAL PRIORITIES- Assistance
 under this section shall emphasize primarily projects and programs to
 address critical sectoral priorities for long-term development described
 in subsection (i).
 `(2) Reform of economic policies-
 `(A) USE OF PROGRAM ASSISTANCE- Assistance under this section may also include
 program assistance to promote reform of sectoral economic policies affecting
 long-term development in sub-Saharan Africa as described in subsection
 (c), with primary emphasis on reform of economic policies to support the
 critical sectoral priorities described in subsection (i).
 `(B) PROTECTION OF VULNERABLE GROUPS- Assisted policy reforms shall also
 include provisions to protect vulnerable groups (especially poor, isolated,
 and female farmers, the urban poor, and children including displaced children)
 and long-term environmental interests from possible negative consequences
 of the reforms.
 `(3) OTHER ASSISTANCE- Funds made available to carry out this section shall
 be used almost exclusively for assistance in accordance with paragraphs
 (1) and (2). Assistance consistent with the purpose of subsection (c)
 may also be furnished under this section to carry out the provisions of
 sections 103 through 106 of this Act.
 `(i) CRITICAL SECTORAL PRIORITIES- The critical sectoral priorities for
 long-term development, as described in subsection (c), are the following:
 `(1) Agricultural production and natural resources-
 `(A) AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION- Increasing agricultural production in ways which
 protect and restore the natural resource base, especially food production,
 through agricultural policy changes, agricultural research (including
 participatory research directly involving small farmers) and extension,
 development and promotion of agriculture marketing activities, credit
 facilities, and appropriate production packages, and the construction and
 improvement of needed production-related infrastructure such as farm-to-market
 roads, small-scale irrigation, and rural electrification. Within this
 process, emphasis shall be given to promoting increased equity in rural
 income distribution, recognizing the role of small farmers.
 `(B) NATURAL RESOURCE BASE- Maintaining and restoring the renewable natural
 resource base primarily in ways which increase agricultural production,
 through the following:
 `(i) Small-scale, affordable, resource-conserving, low-risk local projects,
 using appropriate technologies (including traditional agricultural methods)
 suited to local environmental, resource, and climatic conditions, and
 featuring close consultation with and involvement of local people at all
 stages of project design and implementation. Emphasis shall be given to
 grants for African local government organizations, international or African
 nongovernmental organizations, and United States private and voluntary
 organizations.
 `(ii) Support for efforts at national and regional levels to provide technical
 and other support for projects of the kinds described in clause (i) and
 to strengthen the capacities of African countries to provide effective
 extension and other services in support of environmentally sustainable
 increases in food production.
 `(iii) Support for special training and education efforts to improve the
 capacity of countries in sub-Saharan Africa to manage their own environments
 and natural resources.
 `(iv) Support for low-cost desalination activities in order to increase
 the availability of fresh water sources in sub-Saharan Africa.
 `(2) HEALTH- Improving health conditions, with special emphasis on meeting
 the health needs of mothers and children (including displaced children)
 through the establishment of primary health care systems that give priority
 to preventive health and that will be ultimately self-sustaining.
 `(3) VOLUNTARY FAMILY PLANNING SERVICES- Providing increased access to
 voluntary family planning services, including encouragement of private,
 community, and local government initiatives.
 `(4) EDUCATION- Improving the relevance, equity, and efficiency of education,
 with special emphasis on improving primary education.
 `(5) INCOME-GENERATING OPPORTUNITIES- Developing income-generating
 opportunities for the unemployed and underemployed in urban and rural areas
 through, among other things, support for off-farm employment opportunities
 in micro- and small-scale labor-intensive enterprises.
 `(j) MINIMUM LEVELS OF ASSISTANCE FOR CERTAIN CRITICAL SECTORS- The Agency
 for International Development should target the equivalent of 10 percent
 of the amount authorized to be appropriated for each fiscal year to carry
 out this chapter for each of the following:
 `(1) The activities described in subsection (i)(1)(B), including identifiable
 components of agricultural production projects.
 `(2) The activities described in subsection (i)(2).
 `(3) The activities described in subsection (i)(3).
 `(k) EFFECTIVE USE OF ASSISTANCE- Assistance provided under this section
 shall be concentrated in countries which will make the most effective use
 of such assistance in order to fulfill the purpose specified in subsection
 (c), especially those countries (including those of the Sahel region)
 having the greatest need for outside assistance.
 `(l) PROMOTION OF REGIONAL INTEGRATION- Assistance under this section shall,
 to the extent consistent with this section, include assistance to promote
 the regional and subregional integration of African production structures,
 markets, and infrastructure.
 `(m) DONOR COORDINATION MECHANISM- Funds made available to carry out this
 section may be used to assist the governments of countries in sub-Saharan
 Africa to increase their capacity to participate effectively in donor
 coordination mechanisms at the country, regional, and sector levels.
 `(n) Relation to Other Authorities-
 `(1) ASSISTANCE UNDER OTHER AUTHORITIES- The authority granted by this
 section to provide assistance for long-term development in sub-Saharan
 Africa is not intended to preclude the use of other authorities for that
 purpose. Centrally funded programs which benefit sub-Saharan Africa shall
 continue to be funded under chapter 1 of part I of this Act.
 `(2) Transfer authorities-
 `(A) The transfer authority contained in section 109 of this Act shall not
 apply with respect to this section.
 `(B) The transfer authority contained in section 610(a) of this Act may not
 be used to transfer funds made available to carry out this section in order
 to allow them to be used in carrying out any other provision of this Act.
 `(3) REPROGRAMMING NOTIFICATIONS- Section 634A of this Act does not apply
 with respect to funds made available to carry out this section.
 `(4) PROCUREMENT OF GOODS AND SERVICES- In order to allow the assistance
 authorized by this section to be furnished as effectively and expeditiously
 as possible, section 604(a) of this Act, and similar provisions relating
 to the procurement of goods and services, shall not apply with respect
 to goods and services procured for use in carrying out this section. The
 exemption provided by this paragraph shall not be construed to apply to
 the Comprehensive Anti/Apartheid Act of 1986.
 `(o) Support for SADCC Projects-
 `(1) AUTHORITY TO PROVIDE ASSISTANCE- To the extent funds are provided for
 such purpose in the annual Foreign Operations, Export Financing, and Related
 Programs Appropriations Act, funds made available to carry out this chapter
 may be used to assist sector projects, in the sectors specified in paragraph
 (2), that are supported by the Southern Africa Development Coordination
 Conference (SADCC) to enhance the economic development of the member states
 forming that regional institution.
 `(2) SECTORS- The sectors with respect to which assistance may be provided
 under this subsection are the following: transportation; manpower development;
 agriculture and natural resources; energy (including the improved utilization
 of electrical power sources which already exist in the member states
 and offer the potential to swiftly reduce the dependence of those states
 on South Africa for electricity); and industrial development and trade
 (including private sector initiatives).
 `(3) RELATION TO DFA POLICIES AND AUTHORITIES- To the maximum extent feasible,
 the assistance authorized by this subsection shall be provided consistent
 with the policies and authorities contained in the preceding subsection of
 this section.
 `SEC. 497. AUTHORIZATIONS OF APPROPRIATIONS FOR THE DEVELOPMENT FUND FOR
 AFRICA- Funds appropriated to carry out this chapter are authorized to
 be made available until expended. It is the sense of the Congress that
 the authority of this subsection should be used to extend the period of
 availability of those funds whenever appropriate to improve the quality of
 assistance provided under section 496.'.
 (b) EVALUATIONS- It is the sense of the Congress that there should be periodic
 evaluations of the progress of the Agency for International Development in
 achieving the purpose specified in section 496(c) of the Foreign Assistance
 Act of 1961.
 (c) REPORTS TO CONGRESS- As part of the annual Congressional Presentation
 materials for economic assistance, the Administrator of the Agency for
 International Development shall include a description of the progress made
 during the previous fiscal year in carrying out chapter 10 of part I of
 the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 in three countries in sub-Saharan Africa
 which represent differing economic situations and levels of progress. The
 description shall include--
 (1) the nature and extent of consultation to ensure local perspectives,
 as described in subsections (e)(1) and (f) of section 496;
 (2) the degree of involvement of local people in the implementation of
 projects having a local focus;
 (3) the extent to which there has been expansion of the participation and
 integration of African women in each of the critical sectors specified in
 section 496(i);
 (4) program assistance provided, including the amounts obligated, the
 criteria used for assisting reforms, and the provisions made pursuant to
 section 496(h)(2)(B) to protect vulnerable groups from possible negative
 consequences of the reforms; and
 (5) a description of the assistance for the critical sector priorities
 specified in section 496(i), by sector, including the amounts obligated.
 (d) CONFORMING AMENDMENTS- The Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 is amended--
 (1) in section 105(b)--
 (A) by striking out `(b)(1)' and inserting in lieu thereof `(b)'; and
 (B) by striking out paragraph (2);
 (2) in section 113(b)(1), by inserting `and chapter 10 of this part' after
 `this chapter';
 (3) in section 116(e)(1)--
 (A) by inserting `, chapter 10 of this part,' after `available under this
 chapter'; and
 (B) by inserting before the period at the end of the first sentence
 `or under chapter 10 of this part, except that funds made available under
 chapter 10 of this part may only be used under this subsection with respect
 to countries in sub-Saharan Africa';
 (4) in subsection (c)(1) of section 117 (relating to environment and natural
 resources), by inserting `and chapter 10 of this part' after `this chapter';
 (5) by repealing section 121;
 (6) in section 123--
 (A) in subsection (b), by inserting `and chapter 10 of this part' after
 `this chapter'; and
 (B) in subsection (g), by striking out `121, or 491' and inserting in lieu
 thereof `491, or 496';
 (7) in section 126(b)(1), by inserting `, and chapter 10 of this part,'
 after `this chapter'; and
 (8) in section 531(a), by inserting `or, in the case of countries in
 sub-Saharan Africa, chapter 10 of part I' after `chapter 1 of part I'.
EXPORT-IMPORT BANK
 The authorities made available under title IV of this Act for the
 Export-Import Bank may be used by the Bank, notwithstanding section 2(b)(2)
 of the Export-Import Bank Act of 1945, in connection with the purchase or
 lease of any product by any East European country, or any agency or national
 thereof: Provided, That section 2(b)(6)(B)(vi) of the Export-Import Bank
 Act of 1945 (12 U.S.C. 635(b)(6)(B)(vi)) is amended by striking out `1990'
 and inserting in lieu thereof `1992'.
POLAND ASSISTANCE
 Section 2223(a) of the American Aid to Poland Act of 1988 (7 U.S.C. 1431
 note) is amended by inserting `governmental and' after `used by':
 Provided, That section 416(b)(7)(D)(ii) of the Agricultural Act of 1949
 (7 U.S.C. 1431(b)(7)(D)(ii)) is amended in the penultimate sentence--
 (1) by striking out `such' and inserting in lieu thereof `governmental and
 nongovernmental'; and
 (2) by inserting `governmental or' after `activities of'.
FIRST CLASS AIR TRAVEL RESTRICTIONS
 The Secretary of the Treasury shall instruct the United States Executive
 Directors of the multilateral development banks and of the International
 Monetary Fund--
 (1) to seek the adoption, within 12 months after the date of the enactment
 of this section, of administrative procedures prohibiting personnel of
 their respective banks and the affiliates of such banks, and of the Fund,
 from using first class air travel for business of such banks or of the Fund.
 (2) if such procedures are not so adopted, report to the Secretary and
 Congress on the estimated additional costs (if any) incurred by their
 respective banks or the Fund by reason of the use of first class air travel
 by personnel of such banks or of the Fund in lieu of coach or business class
 air travel, who shall make such report available to the Congress on request.
INTERNATIONAL BANKING PROVISIONS
 (a) Provisions Relating to the International Bank for Reconstruction and
 Development-
 (1) AUTHORITY OF THE UNITED STATES TO PARTICIPATE IN THE NINTH REPLENISHMENT
 OF THE INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT ASSOCIATION- The International Development
 Association Act (22 U.S.C. 284 et seq.) is amended by adding at the end
 the following:
`SEC. 21. NINTH REPLENISHMENT.
 `(a) IN GENERAL- The United States Governor is hereby authorized to agree
 on behalf of the United States to pay to the Association $3,180,000,000
 to the ninth replenishment of the resources of the Association, subject to
 obtaining the necessary appropriations.
 `(b) LIMITATIONS ON AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS- In order to pay for
 the United States contribution provided for in subsection (a), there are
 authorized to be appropriated, without fiscal year limitation, $3,180,000,000
 for payment by the Secretary of the Treasury.'.
 (2) POLICY PROVISIONS- The International Financial Institutions Act (22
 U.S.C. 262c et seq.) is amended by redesignating section 1617 as section
 1619 and by inserting after section 1616 the following:
`SEC. 1617. IMPROVEMENT OF INTERACTION BETWEEN INTERNATIONAL BANK FOR
RECONSTRUCTION AND DEVELOPMENT AND NONGOVERNMENTAL ORGANIZATIONS.
 `(a) IN GENERAL- The Secretary of the Treasury shall instruct the United
 States Executive Director of the International Bank for Reconstruction and
 Development to propose, and urge the Executive Board and the management of
 the bank to develop and implement specific mechanisms designed to--
 `(1) substantially improve the ability of the staff of the bank to interact
 with nongovernmental organizations and other local groups that are affected
 by loans made by the bank to borrower countries; and
 `(2) delegate to the field offices of the bank in borrowing countries greater
 responsibility for decisions with respect to proposals for projects in such
 countries that are to be financed by the bank.
 `(b) CERTAIN MECHANISMS URGED- The mechanisms described in subsection (a)
 shall include, at a minimum, the following measures:
 `(1) An instruction to the management of the bank to undertake efforts
 to appropriately train and significantly increase the number of bank
 professional staff (based in Washington, District of Columbia, as of the
 date of the enactment of this section) assigned, on a rotating basis,
 to field offices of the bank in borrower countries.
 `(2) The assignment to at least 1 professional in each field office of
 the bank in a borrower country of responsibility for relations with local
 nongovernmental organizations, and for the preparation and submission to
 appropriate staff of the bank of a report on the impact of project loans
 to be made by the bank to the country, based on views solicited from local
 people who will be affected by such loans, which shall be included as part
 of the project appraisal report.
 `(3) The establishment of the Grassroots Collaboration Program described
 in section 1602(a).
 `(4) Before a project loan is made to a borrower country, the country is
 to be required to hold open hearings on the proposed project during project
 identification and project preparation.
 `(5) The establishment of assessment procedures which allow affected
 parties and nongovernmental organizations to review information describing
 a prospective project or policy loan design, in a timely manner, before
 the loan is submitted to the Executive Board for approval.
`SEC. 1618. POPULATION, HEALTH, AND NUTRITION PROGRAMS.
 `The Secretary of the Treasury shall instruct the United States Executive
 Director of the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development to
 urge the bank to support an increase in the amount the bank lends annually
 to support population, health, and nutrition programs of the borrower
 countries.'.
 (b) International Financial Institutions Provisions-
 (1) POLICY PROVISIONS- The International Financial Institutions Act (22
 U.S.C. 262c et seq.), as amended by subsection (a)(2) of this section,
 is amended by redesignating section 1619 as section 1620 and by inserting
 after section 1618 the following:
`SEC. 1619. EQUAL EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITIES.
 `The Secretary of the Treasury shall instruct the United States Executive
 Directors of the multilateral development banks and of the International
 Monetary Fund to use the voices and votes of the Executive Directors to
 urge their respective banks and the Fund to adopt a policy which provides,
 and implement procedures which ensure, that such banks and the Fund, and the
 affiliates of such banks and of the Fund, shall not discriminate against
 any person on the basis of race, ethnicity, gender, color, or religious
 affiliation in any determination related to employment.'.
 (2) MISCELLANEOUS TECHNICAL CORRECTIONS RELATING TO THE INTERNATIONAL
 DEVELOPMENT AND FINANCE ACT OF 1989- Section 701(g) of the International
 Financial Institutions Act (22 U.S.C. 262d(g)) is amended--
 (A) by striking `(2)'; and
 (B) by striking `specified in paragraph (1)' and inserting `of the Committee
 on Banking, Finance and Urban Affairs of the House of Representatives and
 of the Committee on Foreign Relations of the Senate'.
 (3) COMPARABLE STATUS FOR THE UNITED STATES EXECUTIVE DIRECTOR OF THE
 AFRICAN DEVELOPMENT BANK- Section 1333(a) of the African Development Bank
 Act (22 U.S.C. 290i-1(a)) is amended by striking `Governor and an Alternate
 Governor' and inserting `Governor, an Alternate Governor, and a Director'.
 (c) European Bank for Reconstruction and Development-
 (1) SHORT TITLE- This subsection may be cited as the `European Bank for
 Reconstruction and Development Act'.
 (2) ACCEPTANCE OF MEMBERSHIP- The President is hereby authorized to accept
 membership for the United States in the European Bank for Reconstruction and
 Development (in this subsection referred to as the `Bank') provided for by
 the agreement establishing the Bank (in this subsection referred to as the
 `Agreement'), signed on May 29, 1990.
 (3) Governor and alternate governor-
 (A) APPOINTMENT- The President, by and with the advice and consent of the
 Senate, shall appoint a Governor of the Bank, an alternate for the Governor,
 and a Director of the Bank.
 (B) COMPENSATION- Any person who serves as a Governor of the Bank or as an
 alternate for the Governor may not receive any salary or other compensation
 from the United States by reason of such service.
 (4) APPLICABILITY OF CERTAIN PROVISIONS OF THE BRETTON WOODS AGREEMENTS ACT-
 Section 4 of the Bretton Woods Agreements Act shall apply to the Bank in
 the same manner in which such section applies to the International Bank
 for Reconstruction and Development and the International Monetary Fund.
 (5) FEDERAL RESERVE BANKS AS DEPOSITORIES- Any Federal Reserve Bank which
 is requested to do so by the Bank may act as its depository, or as its
 fiscal agent, and the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System
 shall exercise general supervision over the carrying out of these functions.
 (6) Subscription of stock-
 (A) Subscription authority-
 (i) IN GENERAL- The Secretary of the Treasury may subscribe on behalf of
 the United States to 100,000 shares of the capital stock of the Bank.
 (ii) EFFECTIVENESS OF SUBSCRIPTION COMMITMENT- Any commitment to make such
 subscription shall be effective only to such extent or in such amounts as
 are provided for in advance by appropriations Acts.
 (B) LIMITATIONS ON AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS- For payment by the
 Secretary of the Treasury of the subscription of the United States for
 shares described in subparagraph (A), there are authorized to be appropriated
 $1,167,010,000 without fiscal year limitation.
 (C) DISPOSITION OF NET INCOME DISTRIBUTIONS BY THE BANK- Any payment made
 to the United States by the Bank as a distribution of net income shall be
 covered into the Treasury as a miscellaneous receipt.
 (7) Jurisdiction and venue of civil actions by or against the bank-
 (A) JURISDICTION- The United States district courts shall have original and
 exclusive jurisdiction of any civil action brought in the United States by
 or against the Bank.
 (B) VENUE- For purposes of section 1391(b) of title 28, United States Code,
 the Bank shall be deemed to be a resident of the judicial district in which
 the principal office of the Bank in the United States, or its agent appointed
 for the purpose of accepting service or notice of service, is located.
 (8) EFFECTIVENESS OF AGREEMENT- The Agreement shall have full force and
 effect in the United States, its territories and possessions, and the
 Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, upon acceptance of membership by the United
 States in the Bank and the entry into force of the Agreement.
 (9) Exemption from securities laws for certain securities issued by the bank;
 reports required-
 (A) EXEMPTION FROM SECURITIES LAWS; REPORTS TO SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE
 COMMISSION- Any securities issued by the Bank (including any guaranty by
 the Bank, whether or not limited in scope) in connection with the raising of
 funds for inclusion in the Bank's ordinary capital resources as defined in
 article 7 of the Agreement and any securities guaranteed by the Bank as to
 both principal and interest to which the commitment in article 6, paragraph
 4, of the Agreement is expressly applicable, shall be deemed to be exempted
 securities within the meaning of section 3(a)(2) of the Securities Act of
 1933 and section 3(a)(12) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934. The Bank
 shall file with the Securities and Exchange Commission such annual and other
 reports with regard to such securities as the Commission shall determine to
 be appropriate in view of the special character of the Bank and its operations
 and necessary in the public interest or for the protection of investors.
 (B) AUTHORITY OF SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION TO SUSPEND EXEMPTION;
 REPORTS TO THE CONGRESS- The Securities and Exchange Commission, acting in
 consultation with such agency or officer as the President shall designate,
 may suspend the provisions of subparagraph (A) at any time as to any or
 all securities issued or guaranteed by the Bank during the period of such
 suspension. The Commission shall include in its annual reports to the
 Congress such information as it shall deem advisable with regard to the
 operations and effect of this paragraph.
 (10) Technical amendments-
 (A) ANNUAL REPORT REQUIRED ON PARTICIPATION OF THE UNITED STATES IN THE
 BANK- Section 1701(c)(2) of the International Financial Institutions Act (22
 U.S.C. 262r(c)(2)) is amended by inserting `European Bank for Reconstruction
 and Development,' before `International Development Association,'.
 (B) EXEMPTION FROM LIMITATIONS AND RESTRICTIONS ON POWER OF NATIONAL BANKING
 ASSOCIATIONS TO DEAL IN AND UNDERWRITE INVESTMENT SECURITIES OF THE BANK-
 The 7th sentence of paragraph 7 of section 5136 of the Revised Statutes of
 the United States (12 U.S.C. 24) is amended by inserting `the European Bank
 for Reconstruction and Development,' before `the Inter-American Development
 Bank,'.
 (C) BENEFITS FOR UNITED STATES CITIZEN-REPRESENTATIVES TO THE BANK- Section
 51 of the Act entitled `An Act to authorize United States participation in
 increases in the resources of certain international financial institutions,
 to provide for an annual audit of the Exchange Stabilization Fund by the
 General Accounting Office, and for other purposes.' (Public Law 91-599; 22
 U.S.C. 276c-2) is amended by inserting `the European Bank for Reconstruction
 and Development,' before `the Inter-American Development Bank,'.
 (11) CONGRESSIONAL CONSULTATIONS- During negotiations on the establishment
 of operational guidelines for the Bank, the Secretary of the Treasury shall--
 (A) consult on a regular and timely basis with the Committee on Banking,
 Finance and Urban Affairs and the Committee on Appropriations of the House
 of Representatives, and the Committee on Foreign Relations and the Committee
 on Appropriations of the Senate;
 (B) seek to ensure that procedures and mechanisms are established,
 including the creation of specific departments or staffs within the Bank,
 which will allow the Bank to assess the impact of any loans, guarantees,
 or other activities on the environment and on internationally recognized
 human rights in borrower countries; and
 (C) report, through consultation within 90 days after the date of the
 enactment of this Act, to the Committees specified in subparagraph (A)
 on the progress of efforts to create such procedures and mechanisms.
 (d) Export-Import Bank Provisions-
 (1) INCREASE IN AMOUNTS AUTHORIZED TO BE APPROPRIATED FOR THE TIED AID CREDIT
 FUND; EXTENSION OF AUTHORIZATION- Section 15(e)(1) of the Export-Import
 Bank Act of 1945 (12 U.S.C. 635i-3(e)(1)) is amended by striking `and for
 fiscal years 1990 and 1991, $300,000,000' and inserting `for fiscal year
 1990, $300,000,000, and for each of fiscal years 1991 and 1992, $500,000,000'.
 (2) CONFORMING AMENDMENT- Section 15(c)(2) of such Act (12
 U.S.C. 635i-3(c)(2)) is amended by striking `1991' and inserting `1992'.
 (e) International Finance Corporation Provisions-
 (1) Exemption From Securities Laws for Certain Securities Issued by the
 International Finance Corporation-
 (A) EXEMPTION FROM SECURITIES LAWS; REPORTS REQUIRED- The International
 Finance Corporation Act (22  U.S.C. 282 et seq.) is amended by adding at
 the end the following:
`SEC. 13. SECURITIES ISSUED BY THE CORPORATION.
 `(a) EXEMPTION FROM SECURITIES LAWS; REPORTS TO SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE
 COMMISSION- Any securities issued by the Corporation (including any guaranty
 by the Corporation, whether or not limited in scope) and any securities
 guaranteed by the Corporation as to both principal and interest shall be
 deemed to be exempted securities within the meaning of section 3(a)(2) of
 the Securities Act of 1933 and section 3(a)(12) of the Securities Exchange
 Act of 1934. The Corporation shall file with the Securities and Exchange
 Commission such annual and other reports with regard to such securities
 as the Commission shall determine to be appropriate in view of the special
 character of the Corporation and its operations and necessary in the public
 interest or for the protection of investors.
 `(b) AUTHORITY OF SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION TO SUSPEND EXEMPTION:
 REPORTS TO THE CONGRESS- The Securities and Exchange Commission, acting in
 consultation with the National Advisory Council on International Monetary and
 Financial Problems, is authorized to suspend the provisions of subsection
 (a) at any time as to any or all securities issued or guaranteed by the
 Corporation during the period of such suspension. The Commission shall
 include in its annual reports to the Congress such information as it shall
 deem advisable with regard to the operations and effect of this section.'.
 (B) EXEMPTION FROM LIMITATIONS AND RESTRICTIONS ON POWER OF NATIONAL
 BANKING ASSOCIATIONS TO DEAL IN AND UNDERWRITE INVESTMENT SECURITIES OF THE
 INTERNATIONAL FINANCE CORPORATION- The 7th sentence of paragraph 7 of section
 5136 of the Revised Statutes of the United States (12 U.S.C. 24) is amended
 by striking `the African Development Bank or the Inter-American Investment
 Corporation,', and inserting `the African Development Bank, the Inter-American
 Investment Corporation, or the International Finance Corporation,'.
ASSISTANCE FOR CAMBODIAN DEMOCRACY
 SEC. 562A. (a) ASSISTANCE- (1) Not to exceed $20,000,000 of the funds
 appropriated by this Act under the headings `Economic Support Fund'
 and `development assistance' may be made available for humanitarian and
 development assistance for Cambodians, including the Cambodian non-Communist
 resistance, along the Thai-Cambodian border and throughout Cambodia,
 notwithstanding any other provision of law (other than sections 531(e)
 and 634A of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961, section 523 of this Act,
 and the provisions of this section).
 (2) Funds made available by paragraph (1) shall be obligated or expended,
 to the maximum extent possible, consistent with the priorities set forth
 in the report required by subsection (d). Not later than 6 months after the
 date of enactment of this Act, the President shall submit to the Committee
 on Foreign Relations of the Senate and the Committee on Foreign Affairs of
 the House of Representatives a report describing the expenditure of funds
 under paragraph (1).
 (b) PROHIBITION ON DIRECT OR INDIRECT ASSISTANCE FOR THE KHMER ROUGE- (1)
 Funds made available under this section shall be subject to the prohibitions
 contained in section 906 of the International Security Development Cooperation
 Act of 1985 (Public Law 99-83).
 (2) The President shall terminate assistance under this section to any
 Cambodian organization that he determines is cooperating, tactically or
 strategically, with the Khmer Rouge in their military operations.
 (3) Not later than January 1, 1991, the President shall submit to the Speaker
 of the House of Representatives and the President pro tempore of the Senate
 an unclassified report describing the extent of military cooperation since
 1986 between the Khmer Rouge and any individual group or faction of the
 noncommunist resistance.
 (c) ADMINISTRATION OF ASSISTANCE- To the maximum extent possible, all funds
 made available under this section shall be administered directly by the
 United States Government.
 (d) REPORTING REQUIREMENT- (1) The Administrator of the Agency for
 International Development shall conduct within 180 days of enactment of this
 act an on-site assessment along the Thai-Cambodian border and within Cambodia,
 including Phnom Penh, determining the priorities of the humanitarian and
 development needs of the Cambodian people, including noncombatant civilians
 in all sectors of Cambodia.
 (2) Not later than January 1, 1991, the President shall submit to the Speaker
 of the House of Representatives and the President pro tempore of the Senate
 a report setting forth the priorities determined by the assessment made
 under paragraph (1).
 (e) RELATION TO ASSISTANCE FOR CAMBODIAN CHILDREN- (1) Any assistance
 provided under this section shall be in addition to the assistance provided
 for under the heading `humanitarian assistance for Cambodian children'.
 (2) Notwithstanding any other provision of this Act, funds made available
 under the heading `Humanitarian Assistance for Cambodian children' shall
 also be available to civilian victims of war.
 (f) DEFINITIONS- For purposes of this section--
 (1) the term `development assistance' means assistance furnished to carry
 out any of the provisions of chapter 1 of part I of the Foreign Assistance
 Act of 1961; and
 (2) the term `humanitarian assistance' means food, clothing, medicine,
 or other humanitarian assistance, and it does not include the provision
 of weapons, weapons systems, ammunition, or other equipment, vehicles,
 or material which can be used to inflict serious bodily harm or death.
 (g) After the conclusion of the upcoming Paris Conference on Cambodia,
 Congress and the President shall consult within 30 days with the goal of
 lifting the Trading with the Enemy Act restrictions on Cambodia.
 (h) Any funds made available during fiscal year 1991 to carry out the
 purposes of this section, either appropriated by this Act or derived by
 transfer from any other source, in excess of $7,500,000 shall be subject
 to the regular reprogramming procedures of the Committees on Appropriations.
COMPETITIVE INSURANCE
 SEC. 563. All Agency for International Development contracts and
 solicitations, and subcontracts entered into under such contracts, shall
 include a clause requiring that United States marine insurance companies
 have a fair opportunity to bid for marine insurance when such insurance is
 necessary or appropriate.
IRELAND
 SEC. 564. It is the sense of the Congress that of the funds appropriated
 or otherwise made available for the International Fund for Ireland, the
 Board of the International Fund for Ireland should give great weight in the
 allocation of such funds to projects which will create permanent, full-time
 jobs in the areas that have suffered most severely from the consequences
 of the instability of recent years. Areas that have suffered most severely
 from the consequences of the instability of recent years shall be defined
 as areas that have high rates of unemployment.
ASSISTANCE TO AFGHANISTAN
 SEC. 565. Funds appropriated by this Act may not be made available, directly
 or for the United States proportionate share of programs funded under the
 heading `International Organizations and Programs', for assistance to be
 provided inside Afghanistan if that assistance would be provided through
 the Soviet-controlled government of Afghanistan. This section shall not
 be construed as limiting the United States contributions to international
 organizations for humanitarian assistance.
el salvador economic support funds
 SEC. 566. Not less than 25 per centum of the Economic Support Funds
 made available for El Salvador by this Act shall be used for projects and
 activities in accordance with the provisions applicable to assistance under
 chapter 1 of part I of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961.
DISADVANTAGED ENTERPRISES
 SEC. 567. (a) Except to the extent that the Administrator of the Agency for
 International Development of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 determines
 otherwise, not less than 10 percent of the aggregate amount made available
 for the current fiscal year for development assistance and assistance for
 famine recovery and development in Africa shall be made available only for
 activities of United States organizations and individuals that are--
 (1) business concerns owned and controlled by socially and economically
 disadvantaged individuals,
 (2) historically black colleges and universities,
 (3) colleges and universities having a student body in which more than 40
 per centum of the students are Hispanic American, and
 (4) private voluntary organizations which are controlled by individuals
 who are socially and economically disadvantaged.
 (b)(1) In addition to other actions taken to carry out this section,
 the actions described in paragraphs (2) through (5) shall be taken with
 respect to development assistance and assistance for famine recovery and
 development in Africa for fiscal year 1990.
 (2) Notwithstanding any other provision of law, in order to achieve the
 goals of this section, the Administrator--
 (A) to the maximum extent practicable, shall utilize the authority of
 section 8(a) of the Small Business Act (15 U.S.C. 637(a));
 (B) to the maximum extent practicable, shall enter into contracts with
 small business concerns owned and controlled by socially and economically
 disadvantaged individuals, and organizations contained in paragraphs (2)
 through (4) of subsection (a)--
 (i) using less than full and open competitive procedures under such terms
 and conditions as the Administrator deems appropriate, and
 (ii) using an administrative system for justifications and approvals that,
 in the Administrator's discretion, may best achieve the purpose of this
 section; and
 (C) shall issue regulations to require that any contract in excess of $500,000
 contain a provision requiring that no less than 10 per centum of the dollar
 value of the contract be subcontracted to entities described in subsection
 (a), except--
 (i) to the extent the Administrator determines otherwise on a case-by-case
 or category-of-contract basis; and
 (ii) this subparagraph does not apply to any prime contractor that is an
 entity described in subsection (a).
 (3) Each person with contracting authority who is attached to the agency's
 headquarters in Washington, as well as all agency missions and regional
 offices, shall notify the agency's Office of Small and Disadvantaged Business
 Utilization at least seven business days before advertising a contract in
 excess of $100,000, except to the extent that the Administrator determines
 otherwise on a case-by-case or category-of-contract basis.
 (4) The Administrator shall include, as part of the performance evaluation
 of any mission director of the agency, the mission director's efforts to
 carry out this section.
 (5) The Administrator shall submit to the Congress annual reports on the
 implementation of this section. Each such report shall specify the number and
 dollar value or amount (as the case may be) of prime contracts, subcontracts,
 grants, and cooperative agreements awarded to entities described in subsection
 (a) during the preceding fiscal year.
 (6) The Administrator shall issue interim regulations to carry out this
 section within ninety days after the date of the enactment of this Act and
 final regulations within one hundred and eighty days after that date.
 (c) As used in this section, the term `socially and economically disadvantaged
 individuals' has the same meaning that term is given for purposes of section
 8(d) of the Small Business Act, except that the term includes women.
STINGERS IN THE PERSIAN GULF REGION
 SEC. 568. (a) Except as provided in section 581 of the Foreign Operations,
 Export Financing, and Related Programs Appropriations Act, 1990, the United
 States may not sell or otherwise make available any Stingers to any country
 bordering the Persian Gulf under the Arms Export Control Act or chapter 2
 of part II of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961.
 (b) Section 566(d) of the Foreign Operations, Export Financing, and Related
 Programs Appropriations Act, 1989, is hereby repealed.
PROHIBITION ON LEVERAGING AND DIVERSION OF UNITED STATES ASSISTANCE
 SEC. 569. (a) None of the funds appropriated by this Act may be provided to
 any foreign government (including any instrumentality or agency thereof),
 foreign person, or United States person in exchange for that foreign
 government or person undertaking any action which is, if carried out by the
 United States Government, a United States official or employee, expressly
 prohibited by a provision of United States law.
 (b) For the purposes of this section the term `funds appropriated by this Act'
 includes only (1) assistance of any kind under the Foreign Assistance Act
 of 1961; and (2) credits, and guaranties under the Arms Export Control Act.
 (c) Nothing in this section shall be construed to limit--
 (1) the ability of the President, the Vice President, or any official or
 employee of the United States to make statements or otherwise express their
 views to any party on any subject;
 (2) the ability of an official or employee of the United States to express
 the policies of the President; or
 (3) the ability of an official or employee of the United States to communicate
 with any foreign country government, group or individual, either directly
 or through a third party, with respect to the prohibitions of this section
 including the reasons for such prohibitions, and the actions, terms, or
 conditions which might lead to the removal of the prohibitions of this
 section.
APPROPRIATIONS OF EXCESS CURRENCIES
 SEC. 570. The provisions of section 1306 of title 31, United States Code,
 shall not be waived to carry out the provisions of the Foreign Assistance
 Act of 1961 by any provision of law enacted after the date of enactment of
 this Act unless such provision makes specific reference to this section.
debt-for-development
 SEC. 571. In order to enhance the continued participation of nongovernmental
 organizations in economic assistance activities under the Foreign Assistance
 Act of 1961, including debt-for-development and debt-for-nature exchanges,
 a nongovernmental organization may invest local currencies which accrue
 to that organization as a result of economic assistance provided under the
 heading `Agency for International Development' and any interest earned on
 such investment may be used, including for the establishment of an endowment,
 for the purpose for which the assistance was provided to that organization.
lebanon
 SEC. 572. Of the fund appropriated by this Act to carry out chapter 1 of
 part I and chapter 4 of part II of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 not
 less than $7,500,000 to be derived in equal amounts from funds appropriated
 to carry out chapter 1 of part I and chapter 4 of part II shall be made
 available for Lebanon and may be provided in accordance with the general
 authorities contained in section 491 of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961.
LOCATION OF STOCKPILES
 SEC. 573. (a) Section 514(c) of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 is
 amended by inserting `or major non-NATO allies,' after `Organization,'.
 (b) Section 514(b)(2) of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 (22 U.S.C. 2321h)
 is amended by striking out `$165,000,000 for fiscal year 1990' and inserting
 in lieu thereof $378,000,000 for fiscal year 1991, of which amount not less
 than $300,000,000 shall be for stockpiles in Israel'.
ASSISTANCE FOR PAKISTAN
 SEC. 574. (a) Section 620E(d) of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 is amended
 by striking out `April 1, 1991' and inserting in lieu thereof `April 1, 1992'.
 (b) Notwithstanding any other provision of law, none of the funds appropriated
 by this Act under the Headings `Economic Support Fund', `Foreign Military
 Financing Program', and `International Military Education and Training',
 may be made available for Pakistan unless the President certifies, and so
 reports to the Congress, that--
 (1) the state of emergency in Pakistan did not interfere in the fair conduct
 of National Assembly elections;
 (2) the Government of Pakistan held timely, free, fair, and internationally
 monitored National Assembly elections, open to the full participation of
 all legal parties and all legal candidates of those parties;
 (3) the proceedings of the Special Courts established on August 8 and August
 21, 1990, did not interfere with the conduct of free and fair elections; and
 (4) the process of convening the National Assembly is progressing without
 interference.
 (c) None of the funds appropriated in this Act shall be obligated or expended
 for Pakistan except as provided through the regular notification procedures
 of the Committees on Appropriations.
SEPARATE ACCOUNTS
 SEC. 575. (a) SEPARATE ACCOUNTS FOR LOCAL CURRENCIES- (1) If assistance
 is furnished to the government of a foreign country under chapter 1 of
 part I (including assistance for sub-Saharan Africa and the Philippines
 Multilateral Assistance Initiative) or chapter 4 of part II of the Foreign
 Assistance Act of 1961 under agreements which result in the generation
 of local currencies of that country, the Administrator of the Agency for
 International Development shall--
 (A) require that local currencies be deposited in a separate account
 established by that government;
 (B) enter into an agreement with that government which sets forth--
 (i) the amount of the local currencies to be generated, and
 (ii) the terms and conditions under which the currencies so deposited may
 be utilized, consistent with this section; and
 (C) establish by agreement with that government the responsibilities of
 the Agency for International Development and that government to monitor
 and account for deposits into and disbursements from the separate account.
 (2) USES OF LOCAL CURRENCIES- As may be agreed upon with the foreign
 government, local currencies deposited in a separate account pursuant
 to subsection (a), or an equivalent amount of local currencies, shall be
 used only--
 (A) to carry out chapter 1 of part I or chapter 4 of part II (as the case
 may be), for such purposes as:
 (i) project and sector assistance activities, or
 (ii) debt and deficit financing; or
 (B) for the administrative requirements of the United States Government.
 (3) PROGRAMMING ACCOUNTABILITY- The Agency for International Development
 shall take all appropriate steps to ensure that the equivalent of the local
 currencies disbursed pursuant to subsection (a)(2)(A) from the separate
 account established pursuant to subsection (a)(1) are used for the purposes
 agreed upon pursuant to subsection (a)(2).
 (4) TERMINATION OF ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS- Upon termination of assistance to
 a country under chapter 1 of part I or chapter 4 of part II (as the case
 may be), any unencumbered balances of funds which remain in a separate
 account established pursuant to subsection (a) shall be disposed of for
 such purposes as may be agreed to by the government of that country and
 the United States Government.
 (5) CONFORMING AMENDMENTS- The provisions of this subsection shall supersede
 the tenth and eleventh provisos contained under the heading `Sub-Saharan
 Africa, Development Assistance' as included in the Foreign Operations, Export
 Financing, and Related Programs Appropriations Act, 1989 and sections 531(d)
 and 609 of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961.
 (b) SEPARATE ACCOUNTS FOR CASH TRANSFERS- (1) If assistance is made available
 to the government of a foreign country, under chapter 1 of part I (including
 assistance for sub-Saharan Africa and the Philippines Multilateral Assistance
 Initiative) or chapter 4 of part II of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961,
 as cash transfer assistance or as nonproject sector assistance, that country
 shall be required to maintain such funds in a separate account and not
 commingle them with any other funds.
 (2) APPLICABILITY OF OTHER PROVISIONS OF LAW- Such funds may be obligated
 and expended notwithstanding provisions of law which are inconsistent with
 the nature of this assistance including provisions which are referenced in
 the Joint Explanatory Statement of the Committee of Conference accompanying
 House Joint Resolution 648 (H. Report No. 98-1159).
 (3) NOTIFICATION- At least fifteen days prior to obligating any such cash
 transfer or nonproject sector assistance, the President shall submit a
 notification through the regular notification procedures of the Committees
 on Appropriations, which shall include a detailed description of how the
 funds proposed to be made available will be used, with a discussion of the
 United States interests that will be served by the assistance (including,
 as appropriate, a description of the economic policy reforms that will be
 promoted by such assistance).
 (4) EXEMPTION- Nonproject sector assistance funds may be exempt from the
 requirements of subsection (b)(1) only through the notification procedures
 of the Committees on Appropriations.
ELIGIBILITY FOR OVERSEAS PRIVATE INVESTMENT CORPORATION
 SEC. 576. (a) PROGRAMS- Section 239(f) of the Foreign Assistance Act of
 1961 is amended by inserting `or any other East European country,' after
 `Hungary,'.
 (b) PARTICIPATION BY NONGOVERNMENTAL SECTOR- (1) In accordance with its
 mandate to foster private initiative and competition and enhance the ability
 of private enterprise to make its full contribution to the development
 process, the Overseas Private Investment Corporation shall support projects
 in Poland, Hungary, and other East European countries which will result in
 enhancement of the nongovernmental sector and reduction of state involvement
 in the economy.
 (2) For purposes of this subsection the term `nongovernmental sector' includes
 private enterprises, cooperatives (insofar as they are not administered by
 the government), joint ventures (including partners which are not governments
 of East European countries or instrumentalities thereof), businesses that are
 wholly or partly owned by United States citizens, religious and ethnic groups
 (including the Catholic Church), and other independent social organizations.
 (c) DEFINITION OF ELIGIBLE INVESTOR- Notwithstanding subsection (b), the term
 `eligible investor' with respect to OPIC's programs in Eastern Europe has
 the same meaning as contained in section 238(c) of the Foreign Assistance
 Act of 1961.
 (d) EXPIRATION DATE- The authority of the Overseas Private Investment
 Corporation to issue insurance, reinsurance, and guarantees, and to provide
 any assistance under its direct loan and equity programs with respect to
 projects undertaken in Eastern Europe shall remain in effect until September
 30, 1992.
ASSISTANCE FOR NICARAGUA
 SEC. 577. (a) None of the funds appropriated by this Act shall be provided
 for any member of the Nicaraguan resistance who has not disarmed and is
 not abiding by the terms of the cease-fire agreement and the addendums to
 the Toncontin Agreement signed on April 19, 1990.
 (b) Section 1 of the Act entitled `An Act to provide survival assistance
 to victims of civil strife in Central America', approved December 11, 1989
 (Public Law 101-215), is amended by repealing subsection (c).
COMPENSATION FOR UNITED STATES EXECUTIVE DIRECTORS TO INTERNATIONAL FINANCIAL
INSTITUTIONS
 SEC. 578. (a) No funds appropriated by this Act may be made as payment to
 any international financial institution while the United States Executive
 Director to such institution is compensated by the institution at a rate
 which, together with whatever compensation such Director receives from
 the United States, is in excess of the rate provided for an individual
 occupying a position at level IV of the Executive Schedule under section
 5315 of title 5, United States Code, or while any alternate United States
 Director to such institution is compensated by the institution at a rate in
 excess of the rate provided for an individual occupying a position at level
 V of the Executive Schedule under section 5316 of title 5, United States Code.
 (b) For purposes of this section, `international financial institutions' are:
 the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development, the Inter-American
 Development Bank, the Asian Development Bank, the Asian Development Fund,
 the African Development Bank, the African Development Fund, the International
 Monetary Fund, and the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development.
WITHHOLDING OF OBLIGATIONS FOR THE EUROPEAN BANK FOR RECONSTRUCTION AND
DEVELOPMENT
 SEC. 579. (a) None of the funds made available by this Act for the European
 Bank for Reconstruction and Development may be obligated until the President
 reaches an agreement or agreements, as necessary, with the Polish Government
 or with other creditors, the authority to enter into which he is hereby
 granted notwithstanding any other provision of law, which accurately
 reflect the real collectability of the debts of the Polish Government to
 the Government of the United States and which adjusts the amount of debt
 and debt service payable by the Polish Government to the Government of the
 United States accordingly, subject to the following conditions:
 (1) an International Monetary Fund agreement is in effect with respect to
 Poland, and it is clear that it is the intent of the Polish Government to
 continue full implementation of that program, and
 (2) the recent historic change of the Polish Government into a democracy
 has been maintained, and
 (3) the Polish Government is seeking comparable treatment of both public
 and private external debt.
 (b) If the President determines that, in order to substantially increase
 the probability of other creditor governments and commercial bankers taking
 actions adjusting or restructuring their Polish debt to reflect its real
 collectability, it is best for the United States to use the authority
 contained in subsection (a), then the President may exercise the authority
 of subsection (a) unilaterally.
 (c) Funds may be obligated notwithstanding subsection (a) subject to the
 regular notification procedures of the Committees on Appropriations.
FMF FOR FMS DEBT REPAYMENT
 SEC. 580. Section 23 of the Arms Export Control Act is amended by inserting
 a new subsection (e), as follows:
 `(e)(1) Funds made available to carry out this section may be used by a
 foreign country to make payments of principal and interest which it owes
 to the United States Government on account of credits previously extended
 under this section or loans previously guaranteed under section 24, subject
 to paragraph (2).
 `(2) Funds made available to carry out this section may not be used for
 prepayment of principal or interest pursuant to the authority of paragraph
 (1).'.
FUTURE ASSISTANCE PROJECTIONS
 SEC. 581. The Congress finds that, as is the case with most domestic programs,
 overall constraints on the Federal budget will have a significant impact
 on the ability of the United States Government to meet program requirements
 in the coming years. Therefore, in order to assist the Congress to make the
 difficult policy choices attendant to budget shortfalls, the Congressional
 Presentation Documents of departments and agencies included within this Act
 shall contain funding projections for each of its major program components
 for each of the three years following the year for which new budget or
 other authority is being requested. The requirements of this section shall
 be effective for the Congressional Presentation Documents submitted for
 the fiscal year 1992.
HUMAN RIGHTS
 SEC. 582. Not later than thirty days after submission of the report
 required by section 502B(b) of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961, the
 Secretary of State shall submit to the Committees on Appropriations a
 listing of those countries the governments of which are found, based upon
 the criteria and findings in the report required by section 502B(b) of the
 Foreign Assistance Act of 1961, to engage in a consistent pattern of gross
 violations of internationally recognized human rights. This list shall be
 accompanied by a report from the Secretary of State describing how, for each
 country receiving assistance under the Foreign Military Financing Program,
 such assistance will be conducted to promote and advance human rights and
 how the United States will avoid identification with activities which are
 contrary to internationally recognized standards of human rights.
OTHER ASSISTANCE FOR EASTERN EUROPE
 SEC. 583. Notwithstanding any other provision of law, a total of $500,000
 of the Polish currencies which are held by the United States as of the date
 of the enactment of this Act which are derived from programs administered
 by the Commodity Credit Corporation, or pursuant to the Agricultural Trade
 Development and Assistance Act of 1954, section 416(b) of the Agricultural Act
 of 1949, or the Food for Progress Act of 1985, shall be made available for the
 Research Center on Jewish History and Culture of the Jagiellonian University
 of Krakow, Poland: Provided, That such currencies shall be made available
 notwithstanding 31 U.S.C. 1306 and section 570 of this Act: Provided further,
 That local currencies made available for the Jagiellonian University under
 this heading shall be made available only to the extent that they do not
 diminish planned funding for the American Children's Hospital, Krakow, Poland.
EUROPEAN BANK FOR RECONSTRUCTION AND DEVELOPMENT
 SEC. 584. In all negotiations concerning the structure, bylaws, and operating
 procedures of the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD),
 the Secretary of the Treasury shall vigorously seek--
 (1) establishment of procedures for environmental assessment of all proposed
 operations with potentially significant environmental impacts;
 (2) establishment of an environmental unit with sufficient staff to review
 proposed operations, monitor compliance with environmental provisions,
 and provide overall policy guidance;
 (3) establishment of procedures for systematic consultation with and
 involvement of the public and interested nongovernmental organizations,
 including an opportunity for comment by local communities which may be
 affected by EBRD operations and establishment of a system of public
 notification and comment during the development of EBRD policies and
 operating procedures; and
 (4) agreement that a significant portion of the EBRD's funds shall be
 devoted to projects focused on environmental restoration and protection.
PROPERTY MANAGEMENT FUND
 SEC. 585. (a) The proceeds of overseas property acquired by the Agency
 for International Development under the authority of section 636(c) of
 the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 may be deposited in a separate fund,
 which shall be known as the Property Management Fund. Such proceeds shall
 be available for use only for the purposes of section 636(c) of that Act,
 and shall remain available until expended. The Administrator of the Agency
 for International Development shall report all uses of funds deposited into
 the Property Management Fund as part of the annual Congressional Presentation
 materials submitted by the Agency for International Development.
 (b) The provisions of subsection (a) shall be applicable to property acquired
 prior to the date of enactment of this Act and at any time thereafter.
IRAQ SANCTIONS ACT OF 1990
SEC. 586. SHORT TITLE.
 Sections 586 through 586J of this Act may be cited as the `Iraq Sanctions
 Act of 1990'.
SEC. 586A. DECLARATIONS REGARDING IRAQ'S INVASION OF KUWAIT.
 The Congress--
 (1) condemns Iraq's invasion of Kuwait on August 2, 1990;
 (2) supports the actions that have been taken by the President in response
 to that invasion;
 (3) calls for the immediate and unconditional withdrawal of Iraqi forces
 from Kuwait;
 (4) supports the efforts of the United Nations Security Council to end this
 violation of international law and threat to international peace;
 (5) supports the imposition and enforcement of multilateral sanctions
 against Iraq;
 (6) calls on United States allies and other countries to support fully the
 efforts of the United Nations Security Council, and to take other appropriate
 actions, to bring about an end to Iraq's occupation of Kuwait; and
 (7) condemns the brutal occupation of Kuwait by Iraq and its gross violations
 of internationally recognized human rights in Kuwait, including widespread
 arrests, torture, summary executions, and mass extrajudicial killings.
SEC. 586B. CONSULTATIONS WITH CONGRESS.
 The President shall keep the Congress fully informed, and shall consult with
 the Congress, with respect to current and anticipated events regarding the
 international crisis caused by Iraq's invasion of Kuwait, including with
 respect to United States actions.
SEC. 586C. TRADE EMBARGO AGAINST IRAQ.
 (a) CONTINUATION OF EMBARGO- Except as otherwise provided in this section,
 the President shall continue to impose the trade embargo and other economic
 sanctions with respect to Iraq and Kuwait that the United States is
 imposing, in response to Iraq's invasion of Kuwait, pursuant to Executive
 Orders Numbered 12724 and 12725 (August 9, 1990) and, to the extent they
 are still in effect, Executive Orders Numbered 12722 and 12723 (August
 2, 1990). Notwithstanding any other provision of law, no funds, credits,
 guarantees, or insurance appropriated or otherwise made available by this
 or any other Act for fiscal year 1991 or any fiscal year thereafter shall
 be used to support or administer any financial or commercial operation of
 any United States Government department, agency, or other entity, or of any
 person subject to the jurisdiction of the United States, for the benefit
 of the Government of Iraq, its agencies or instrumentalities, or any person
 working on behalf of the Government of Iraq, contrary to the trade embargo
 and other economic sanctions imposed in accordance with this section.
 (b) HUMANITARIAN ASSISTANCE- To the extent that transactions involving
 foodstuffs or payments for foodstuffs are exempted `in humanitarian
 circumstances' from the prohibitions established by the United States pursuant
 to United Nations Security Council Resolution 661 (1990), those exemptions
 shall be limited to foodstuffs that are to be provided consistent with
 United Nations Security Council Resolution 666 (1990) and other relevant
 Security Council resolutions.
 (c) Notice to Congress of Exceptions to and Termination of Sanctions-
 (1) NOTICE OF REGULATIONS- Any regulations issued after the date of enactment
 of this Act with respect to the economic sanctions imposed with respect to
 Iraq and Kuwait by the United States under Executive Orders Numbered 12722
 and 12723 (August 2, 1990) and Executive Orders Numbered 12724 and 12725
 (August 9, 1990) shall be submitted to the Congress before those regulations
 take effect.
 (2) NOTICE OF TERMINATION OF SANCTIONS- The President shall notify the
 Congress at least 15 days before the termination, in whole or in part,
 of any sanction imposed with respect to Iraq or Kuwait pursuant to those
 Executive orders.
 (d) Relation to Other Laws-
 (1) SANCTIONS LEGISLATION- The sanctions that are described in subsection
 (a) are in addition to, and not in lieu of the sanctions provided for in
 section 586G of this Act or any other provision of law.
 (2) NATIONAL EMERGENCIES AND UNITED NATIONS LEGISLATION- Nothing in this
 section supersedes any provision of the National Emergencies Act or any
 authority of the President under the International Emergency Economic Powers
 Act or section 5(a) of the United Nations Participation Act of 1945.
SEC. 586D. COMPLIANCE WITH UNITED NATIONS SANCTIONS AGAINST IRAQ.
 (a) DENIAL OF ASSISTANCE- None of the funds appropriated or otherwise made
 available pursuant to this Act to carry out the Foreign Assistance Act of
 1961 (including title IV of chapter 2 of part I, relating to the Overseas
 Private Investment Corporation) or the Arms Export Control Act may be used
 to provide assistance to any country that is not in compliance with the
 United Nations Security Council sanctions against Iraq unless the President
 determines and so certifies to the Congress that--
 (1) such assistance is in the national interest of the United States;
 (2) such assistance will directly benefit the needy people in that country; or
 (3) the assistance to be provided will be humanitarian assistance for
 foreign nationals who have fled Iraq and Kuwait.
 (b) IMPORT SANCTIONS- If the President considers that the taking of such
 action would promote the effectiveness of the economic sanctions of the
 United Nations and the United States imposed with respect to Iraq, and is
 consistent with the national interest, the President may prohibit, for such
 a period of time as he considers appropriate, the importation into the United
 States of any or all products of any foreign country that has not prohibited--
 (1) the importation of products of Iraq into its customs territory, and
 (2) the export of its products to Iraq.
SEC. 586E. PENALTIES FOR VIOLATIONS OF EMBARGO.
 Notwithstanding section 206 of the International Emergency Economic Powers
 Act (50 U.S.C. 1705) and section 5(b) of the United Nations Participation
 Act of 1945 (22 U.S.C. 287c(b))--
 (1) a civil penalty of not to exceed $250,000 may be imposed on any person
 who, after the date of enactment of this Act, violates or evades or attempts
 to violate or evade Executive Order Numbered 12722, 12723, 12724, or 12725 or
 any license, order, or regulation issued under any such Executive order; and
 (2) whoever, after the date of enactment of this Act, willfully violates
 or evades or attempts to violate or evade Executive Order Numbered 12722,
 12723, 12724, or 12725 or any license, order, or regulation issued under
 any such Executive order--
 (A) shall, upon conviction, be fined not more than $1,000,000, if a person
 other than a natural person; or
 (B) if a natural person, shall, upon conviction, be fined not more than
 $1,000,000, be imprisoned for not more than 12 years, or both.
Any officer, director, or agent of any corporation who knowingly participates
in a violation, evasion, or attempt described in paragraph (2) may be punished
by imposition of the fine or imprisonment (or both) specified in subparagraph
(B) of that paragraph.
SEC. 586F. DECLARATIONS REGARDING IRAQ'S LONG-STANDING VIOLATIONS OF
INTERNATIONAL LAW.
 (a) IRAQ'S VIOLATIONS OF INTERNATIONAL LAW- The Congress determines that--
 (1) the Government of Iraq has demonstrated repeated and blatant disregard for
 its obligations under international law by violating the Charter of the United
 Nations, the Protocol for the Prohibition of the Use in War of Asphyxiating,
 Poisonous or Other Gases, and of Bacteriological Methods of Warfare (done
 at Geneva, June 17, 1925), as well as other international treaties;
 (2) the Government of Iraq is a party to the International Covenant on
 Civil and Political Rights and the International Covenant on Economic,
 Social, and Cultural Rights and is obligated under the Covenants, as well
 as the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, to respect internationally
 recognized human rights;
 (3) the State Department's Country Reports on Human Rights Practices for
 1989 again characterizes Iraq's human rights record as `abysmal';
 (4) Amnesty International, Middle East Watch, and other independent human
 rights organizations have documented extensive, systematic, and continuing
 human rights abuses by the Government of Iraq, including summary executions,
 mass political killings, disappearances, widespread use of torture, arbitrary
 arrests and prolonged detention without trial of thousands of political
 opponents, forced relocation and deportation, denial of nearly all civil
 and political rights such as freedom of association, assembly, speech,
 and the press, and the imprisonment, torture, and execution of children;
 (5) since 1987, the Government of Iraq has intensified its severe repression
 of the Kurdish minority of Iraq, deliberately destroyed more than 3,000
 villages and towns in the Kurdish regions, and forcibly expelled more
 than 500,000 people, thus effectively depopulating the rural areas of
 Iraqi Kurdistan;
 (6) Iraq has blatantly violated international law by initiating use of
 chemical weapons in the Iran-Iraq war;
 (7) Iraq has also violated international law by using chemical weapons
 against its own Kurdish citizens, resulting in tens of thousands of deaths
 and more than 65,000 refugees;
 (8) Iraq continues to expand its chemical weapons capability, and President
 Saddam Hussein has threatened to use chemical weapons against other nations;
 (9) persuasive evidence exists that Iraq is developing biological weapons
 in violation of international law;
 (10) there are strong indications that Iraq has taken steps to produce
 nuclear weapons and has attempted to smuggle from the United States, in
 violation of United States law, components for triggering devices used
 in nuclear warheads whose manufacture would contravene the Treaty on the
 Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons, to which Iraq is a party; and
 (11) Iraqi President Saddam Hussein has threatened to use terrorism against
 other nations in violation of international law and has increased Iraq's
 support for the Palestine Liberation Organization and other Palestinian
 groups that have conducted terrorist acts.
 (b) HUMAN RIGHTS VIOLATIONS- The Congress determines that the Government of
 Iraq is engaged in a consistent pattern of gross violations of internationally
 recognized human rights. All provisions of law that impose sanctions
 against a country whose government is engaged in a consistent pattern of
 gross violations of internationally recognized human rights shall be fully
 enforced against Iraq.
 (c) SUPPORT FOR INTERNATIONAL TERRORISM- (1) The Congress determines that Iraq
 is a country which has repeatedly provided support for acts of international
 terrorism, a country which grants sanctuary from prosecution to individuals
 or groups which have committed an act of international terrorism, and a
 country which otherwise supports international terrorism. The provisions of
 law specified in paragraph (2) and all other provisions of law that impose
 sanctions against a country which has repeatedly provided support for acts
 of international terrorism, which grants sanctuary from prosecution to an
 individual or group which has committed an act of international terrorism,
 or which otherwise supports international terrorism shall be fully enforced
 against Iraq.
 (2) The provisions of law referred to in paragraph (1) are--
 (A) section 40 of the Arms Export Control Act;
 (B) section 620A of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961;
 (C) sections 555 and 556 of this Act (and the corresponding sections of
 predecessor foreign operations appropriations Acts); and
 (D) section 555 of the International Security and Development Cooperation
 Act of 1985.
 (d) MULTILATERAL COOPERATION- The Congress calls on the President to seek
 multilateral cooperation--
 (1) to deny dangerous technologies to Iraq;
 (2) to induce Iraq to respect internationally recognized human rights; and
 (3) to induce Iraq to allow appropriate international humanitarian and
 human rights organizations to have access to Iraq and Kuwait, including
 the areas in northern Iraq traditionally inhabited by Kurds.
SEC. 586G. SANCTIONS AGAINST IRAQ.
 (a) IMPOSITION- Except as provided in section 586H, the following sanctions
 shall apply with respect to Iraq:
 (1) FMS SALES- The United States Government shall not enter into any sale
 with Iraq under the Arms Export Control Act.
 (2) COMMERCIAL ARMS SALES- Licenses shall not be issued for the export to
 Iraq of any item on the United States Munitions List.
 (3) EXPORTS OF CERTAIN GOODS AND TECHNOLOGY- The authorities of section 6 of
 the Export Administration Act of 1979 (50 U.S.C. App. 2405) shall be used to
 prohibit the export to Iraq of any goods or technology listed pursuant to
 that section or section 5(c)(1) of that Act (50 U.S.C. App. 2404(c)(1))
 on the control list provided for in section 4(b) of that Act (50
 U.S.C. App. 2403(b)).
 (4) Nuclear equipment, materials, and technology-
 (A) NRC LICENSES- The Nuclear Regulatory Commission shall not issue any
 license or other authorization under the Atomic Energy Act of 1954 (42
 U.S.C. 2011 and following) for the export to Iraq of any source or special
 nuclear material, any production or utilization facility, any sensitive
 nuclear technology, any component, item, or substance determined to have
 significance for nuclear explosive purposes pursuant to section 109b. of
 the Atomic Energy Act of 1954 (42 U.S.C. 2139(b)), or any other material
 or technology requiring such a license or authorization.
 (B) DISTRIBUTION OF NUCLEAR MATERIALS- The authority of the Atomic Energy
 Act of 1954 shall not be used to distribute any special nuclear material,
 source material, or byproduct material to Iraq.
 (C) DOE AUTHORIZATIONS- The Secretary of Energy shall not provide a specific
 authorization under section 57b. (2) of the Atomic Energy Act of 1954
 (42 U.S.C. 2077(b)(2)) for any activity that would constitute directly
 or indirectly engaging in Iraq in activities that require a specific
 authorization under that section.
 (5) ASSISTANCE FROM INTERNATIONAL FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS- The United
 States shall oppose any loan or financial or technical assistance to Iraq
 by international financial institutions in accordance with section 701 of
 the International Financial Institutions Act (22 U.S.C. 262d).
 (6) ASSISTANCE THROUGH THE EXPORT-IMPORT BANK- Credits and credit guarantees
 through the Export-Import Bank of the United States shall be denied to Iraq.
 (7) ASSISTANCE THROUGH THE COMMODITY CREDIT CORPORATION- Credit, credit
 guarantees, and other assistance through the Commodity Credit Corporation
 shall be denied to Iraq.
 (8) FOREIGN ASSISTANCE- All forms of assistance under the Foreign Assistance
 Act of 1961 (22 U.S.C. 2151 and following) other than emergency assistance
 for medical supplies and other forms of emergency humanitarian assistance,
 and under the Arms Export Control Act (22 U.S.C. 2751 and following) shall
 be denied to Iraq.
 (b) CONTRACT SANCTITY- For purposes of the export controls imposed pursuant
 to subsection (a)(3), the date described in subsection (m)(1) of section
 6 of the Export Administration Act of 1979 (50 U.S.C. App. 2405) shall be
 deemed to be August 1, 1990.
SEC. 586H. WAIVER AUTHORITY.
 (a) IN GENERAL- The President may waive the requirements of any paragraph
 of section 586G(a) if the President makes a certification under subsection
 (b) or subsection (c).
 (b) CERTIFICATION OF FUNDAMENTAL CHANGES IN IRAQI POLICIES AND ACTIONS-
 The authority of subsection (a) may be exercised 60 days after the President
 certifies to the Congress that--
 (1) the Government of Iraq--
 (A) has demonstrated, through a pattern of conduct, substantial improvement
 in its respect for internationally recognized human rights;
 (B) is not acquiring, developing, or manufacturing (i) ballistic missiles,
 (ii) chemical, biological, or nuclear weapons, or (iii) components for
 such weapons; has forsworn the first use of such weapons; and is taking
 substantial and verifiable steps to destroy or otherwise dispose of any
 such missiles and weapons it possesses; and
 (C) does not provide support for international terrorism;
 (2) the Government of Iraq is in substantial compliance with its obligations
 under international law, including--
 (A) the Charter of the United Nations;
 (B) the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (done at New
 York, December 16, 1966) and the International Covenant on Economic, Social,
 and Cultural Rights (done at New York, December 16, 1966);
 (C) the Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide
 (done at Paris, December 9, 1948);
 (D) the Protocol for the Prohibition of the Use in War of Asphyxiating,
 Poisonous or Other Gases, and of Bacteriological Methods of Warfare (done
 at Geneva, June 17, 1925);
 (E) the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (done at
 Washington, London, and Moscow, July 1, 1968); and
 (F) the Convention on the Prohibition of the Development, Production and
 Stockpiling of Bacteriological (Biological) and Toxin Weapons and on Their
 Destruction (done at Washington, London, and Moscow, April 10, 1972); and
  (3) the President has determined that it is essential to the national
  interests of the United States to exercise the authority of subsection (a).
 (c) CERTIFICATION OF FUNDAMENTAL CHANGES IN IRAQI LEADERSHIP AND POLICIES-
 The authority of subsection (a) may be exercised 30 days after the President
 certifies to the Congress that--
 (1) there has been a fundamental change in the leadership of the Government
 of Iraq; and
 (2) the new Government of Iraq has provided reliable and credible assurance
 that--
 (A) it respects internationally recognized human rights and it will
 demonstrate such respect through its conduct;
 (B) it is not acquiring, developing, or manufacturing and it will not acquire,
 develop, or manufacture (i) ballistic missiles, (ii) chemical, biological,
 or nuclear weapons, or (iii) components for such weapons; has forsworn the
 first use of such weapons; and is taking substantial and verifiable steps
 to destroy or otherwise dispose of any such missiles and weapons it possesses;
 (C) it is not and will not provide support for international terrorism; and
 (D) it is and will continue to be in substantial compliance with its
 obligations under international law, including all the treaties specified
 in subparagraphs (A) through (F) of subsection (b)(2).
 (d) INFORMATION TO BE INCLUDED IN CERTIFICATIONS- Any certification under
 subsection (b) or (c) shall include the justification for each determination
 required by that subsection. The certification shall also specify which
 paragraphs of section 586G(a) the President will waive pursuant to that
 certification.
SEC. 586I. DENIAL OF LICENSES FOR CERTAIN EXPORTS TO COUNTRIES ASSISTING
IRAQ'S ROCKET OR CHEMICAL, BIOLOGICAL, OR NUCLEAR WEAPONS CAPABILITY.
 (a) RESTRICTION ON EXPORT LICENSES- None of the funds appropriated by this
 or any other Act may be used to approve the licensing for export of any
 supercomputer to any country whose government the President determines
 is assisting, or whose government officials the President determines are
 assisting, Iraq to improve its rocket technology or chemical, biological,
 or nuclear weapons capability.
 (b) NEGOTIATIONS- The President is directed to begin immediate negotiations
 with those governments with which the United States has bilateral
 supercomputer agreements, including the Government of the United Kingdom
 and the Government of Japan, on conditions restricting the transfer to Iraq
 of supercomputer or associated technology.
SEC. 586J. REPORTS TO CONGRESS.
 (a) STUDY AND REPORT ON THE INTERNATIONAL EXPORT TO IRAQ OF NUCLEAR,
 BIOLOGICAL, CHEMICAL, AND BALLISTIC MISSILE TECHNOLOGY- (1) The President
 shall conduct a study on the sale, export, and third party transfer
 or development of nuclear, biological, chemical, and ballistic missile
 technology to or with Iraq including--
 (A) an identification of specific countries, as well as companies and
 individuals, both foreign and domestic, engaged in such sale or export of,
 nuclear, biological, chemical, and ballistic missile technology;
 (B) a detailed description and analysis of the international supply,
 information, support, and coproduction network, individual, corporate, and
 state, responsible for Iraq's current capability in the area of nuclear,
 biological, chemical, and ballistic missile technology; and
 (C) a recommendation of standards and procedures against which to measure and
 verify a decision of the Government of Iraq to terminate the development,
 production, coproduction, and deployment of nuclear, biological, chemical,
 and offensive ballistic missile technology as well as the destruction of
 all existing facilities associated with such technologies.
 (2) The President shall include in the study required by paragraph
 (1) specific recommendations on new mechanisms, to include, but not be
 limited to, legal, political, economic and regulatory, whereby the United
 States might contribute, in conjunction with its friends, allies, and the
 international community, to the management, control, or elimination of the
 threat of nuclear, biological, chemical, and ballistic missile proliferation.
 (3) Not later than March 30, 1991, the President shall submit to the Committee
 on Appropriations and the Committee on Foreign Relations of the Senate and
 the Committee on Appropriations and the Committee on Foreign Affairs of the
 House of Representatives, a report, in both classified and unclassified
 form, setting forth the findings of the study required by paragraph (1)
 of this subsection.
 (b) STUDY AND REPORT ON IRAQ'S OFFENSIVE MILITARY CAPABILITY- (1) The
 President shall conduct a study on Iraq's offensive military capability
 and its effect on the Middle East balance of power including an assessment
 of Iraq's power projection capability, the prospects for another sustained
 conflict with Iran, joint Iraqi-Jordanian military cooperation, the threat
 Iraq's arms transfer activities pose to United States allies in the Middle
 East, and the extension of Iraq's political-military influence into Africa
 and Latin America.
 (2) Not later than March 30, 1991, the President shall submit to the Committee
 on Appropriations and the Committee on Foreign Relations of the Senate and
 the Committee on Appropriations and the Committee on Foreign Affairs of the
 House of Representatives, a report, in both classified and unclassified form,
 setting forth the findings of the study required by paragraph (1).
 (c) REPORT ON SANCTIONS TAKEN BY OTHER NATIONS AGAINST IRAQ- (1) The President
 shall prepare a report on the steps taken by other nations, both before and
 after the August 2, 1990, invasion of Kuwait, to curtail the export of goods,
 services, and technologies to Iraq which might contribute to, or enhance,
 Iraq's nuclear, biological, chemical, and ballistic missile capability.
 (2) The President shall provide a complete accounting of international
 compliance with each of the sanctions resolutions adopted by the United
 Nations Security Council against Iraq since August 2, 1990, and shall list,
 by name, each country which to his knowledge, has provided any assistance
 to Iraq and the amount and type of that assistance in violation of each
 United Nations resolution.
 (3) The President shall make every effort to encourage other nations, in
 whatever forum or context, to adopt sanctions toward Iraq similar to those
 contained in this section.
 (4) Not later than every 6 months after the date of enactment of this Act, the
 President shall submit to the Committee on Appropriations and the Committee
 on Foreign Relations of the Senate and the Committee on Appropriations and
 the Committee on Foreign Affairs of the House of Representatives, a report
 in both classified and unclassified form, setting forth the findings of
 the study required by paragraph (1) of this subsection.
MANDATORY RETIREMENT FOR CERTAIN INSPECTOR GENERAL STAFF
 SEC. 587. (a) COMPUTATION OF ANNUITIES- Section 806(a) of the Foreign
 Service Act of 1980 (22 U.S.C. 4046) is amended--
 (1) by inserting `(1)' immediately after `(a)'; and
 (2) by adding at the end thereof the following new paragraphs:
 `(2) Notwithstanding the percentage limitation contained in paragraph (1)
 of this subsection--
 `(A) utilizing the definition of average pay contained in section 8331(4)
 of title 5, United States Code, the annuity of a Foreign Service criminal
 investigator/inspector of the Office of the Inspector General, Agency for
 International Development, who was appointed to a law enforcement position, as
 defined in section 8331(20) of title 5, United States Code, prior to January
 1, 1984, and would have been eligible to retire pursuant to section 8336(c)
 of that title, after attaining 50 years of age and completing 20 years as a
 law enforcement officer had the employee remained in the civil service shall
 be computed in the same manner as that of a law enforcement officer pursuant
 to section 8339(d) of that title, except as provided in paragraph (3); and
 `(B) the annuity of a Foreign Service criminal investigator/inspector of
 such office, who was appointed to a law enforcement position as defined in
 section 8401(17) of that title on or after January 1, 1984, and who would
 have been eligible to retire pursuant to section 8412(d) of that title,
 after attaining 50 years of age and completing 20 years of service as such
 a law enforcement officer, had the employee remained in the civil service,
 shall be computed in the same manner as that of a law enforcement officer
 pursuant to section 8415(d) of that title.
 `(3) The annuity of a Foreign Service investigator/inspector of the
 Office of the Inspector General, Agency for International Development,
 appointed to a law enforcement position prior to January 1, 1984, who
 exercised election rights under section 860 of the Foreign Service Act of
 1980, shall be computed as follows: for the period prior to election the
 annuity shall be computed in accordance with section 8339(d) of title 5,
 United States Code; for the period following election the annuity shall be
 computed in accordance with section 8415(d) of that title.
 `(4) All service in a law enforcement position, as defined in section 8331(20)
 or 8401(17) of that title, as applicable, in any agency or combination
 of agencies shall be included in the computation of time for purposes of
 this paragraph.
 `(5) The annuity of a Foreign Service criminal investigator/inspector of the
 Office of the Inspector General of the Agency for International Development
 who has not completed 20 years of service as a law enforcement officer,
 as defined in section 8331(20) or 8401(17) of that title, shall be computed
 in accordance with paragraph (1).
 `(6) For purposes of paragraphs (2), (3), and (4) of this subsection, the
 term `basic pay' includes pay as provided in accordance with section 412
 of this Act or section 5545(a)(2) of title 5, United States Code.'.
 (b) Section 812 of the Foreign Service Act of 1980 is amended--
 (1) by inserting `(1)' after `(a)'; and
 (2) by adding the following new paragraph:
 `(2) Notwithstanding paragraph (1), a Foreign Service criminal
 investigator/inspector of the Office of Inspector General of the Agency
 for International Development who would have been eligible for retirement
 pursuant to either section 8336(c) or 8412(d) of title 5, United States Code,
 as applicable, had the employee remained in civil service, shall be separated
 from the Service on the last day of the month in which that Foreign Service
 criminal investigator/inspector attains 55 years of age or completes 20
 years of service if then over that age. If the head of the agency judges
 that the public interest so requires, that agency head may exempt such an
 employee from automatic separation under this subsection until that employee
 attains 60 years of age. The employing office shall notify the employee in
 writing of the date of separation at least 60 days before that date. Action
 to separate the employee is not effective without the consent of the employee,
 until the last day of the month in which the 60-day notice expires.'.
PRESIDENTIAL FOREIGN ASSISTANCE CONTINGENCY AUTHORITIES
 SEC. 588. Section 451(a) of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 is amended by--
 (1) striking out the phrases `not to exceed $10,000,000 of' and `in any
 fiscal year';
 (2) striking out the phrase `emergency purposes' and inserting in lieu
 thereof `unanticipated contingencies'; and
 (3) inserting the following immediately before the period: `, except that
 the authority of this subsection may not be used to authorize the use of
 more than $25,000,000 during any fiscal year'.
EXCESS DEFENSE ARTICLES FOR COUNTRIES SUPPORTING DESERT SHIELD
 SEC. 589. Section 516(a) of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 is amended by
 inserting after the second occurrence of the words `United States security
 assistance,' the words `and those countries which received Foreign Military
 Financing (FMF) assistance in fiscal year 1990 and which, as of October 1,
 1990, contributed armed forces to deter Iraqi aggression in the Arabian
 Gulf,'.
CHEMICAL WEAPONS PROLIFERATION
 SEC. 590. None of the funds appropriated by this Act may be used to finance
 the procurement of chemicals, dual use chemicals, or chemical agents that
 may be used for chemical weapons production: Provided, That the provisions
 of this section shall not apply to any such procurement if the President
 determines that such chemicals, dual use chemicals, or chemical agents are
 not intended to be used by the recipient for chemical weapons production.
NOTIFICATIONS FOR EMERGENCY ASSISTANCE
 SEC. 591. The prior notification requirements contained in section 523 of
 this Act may be waived if failure to do so would pose a substantial risk
 to human health or welfare: Provided, That in case of any such waiver,
 notification to the Congress, or the appropriate congressional committees,
 shall be provided as early as practicable, but in no event later than three
 days after taking the action to which such notification requirement was
 applicable in the context of the circumstances necessitating such waiver:
 Provided further, That any notification provided pursuant to this section
 shall contain an explanation of the circumstances necessitating the use of
 the authority of this section.
SUPPORT FOR EGYPTIAN MILITARY DEPLOYMENTS IN THE GULF
 SEC. 592. MULTILATERAL DEBT NEGOTIATIONS- The Congress finds that Egypt has
 official debt obligations that far exceed the amounts owed to the United
 States. The Congress further finds that Egypt's debt situation can be
 addressed effectively only in a multilateral context involving its major
 creditor governments and addressing both military and economic debt.
 Therefore, before the authority contained in subsection (b) is exercised,
 the President shall seek to convene a multilateral conference of the major
 official creditors of the Government of Egypt for the purpose of adjusting
 Egypt's official debt in a manner which reflects the real collectability
 of that debt.
 The President in such negotiations shall explicitly and strongly encourage
 other governments holding major amounts of Egyptian military debt to give
 that debt the same treatment that it is being accorded by the United States.
 (a) DEBT MORATORIUM- (1) There shall be a moratorium on the payment obligation
 by Egypt beginning on October 1, 1990, and ending on March 31, 1991, with
 respect to the notes described in paragraph (2).
 (2) The notes with respect to which this moratorium shall apply are all notes
 made by Egypt evidencing amounts owed by Egypt to the United States (or any
 agency of the United States) as a result of loans made before October 1,
 1990, by the United States (or any of its agencies) to Egypt under the Arms
 Export Control Act (all such loans being hereinafter collectively referred
 to as the `AECA Loans').
 (3) Section 518 of this Act, section 620(q) of the Foreign Assistance Act
 of 1961, and any other provision that similarly restricts the furnishing
 of assistance to countries in default on payment to the United States of
 principal or interest shall not apply during the moratorium described in
 paragraph (1) with respect to amounts owed by Egypt under the AECA Loans.
 (4) Nothing in this subsection shall interfere with, or otherwise diminish,
 the obligation of the Secretary of Defense as guarantor with respect to
 the AECA Loans.
 (b) DEBT CONSOLIDATION IN THE DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE- As soon as feasible
 after the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall--
 (1) issue to the Secretary of the Treasury sufficient notes or other
 obligations to purchase all notes made by Egypt evidencing amounts owed
 by Egypt to the United States (or any agency of the United States), other
 than amounts already owed to the Secretary of Defense, as a result of AECA
 Loans; and
 (2) purchase all such notes made by Egypt, such purchase being considered
 to discharge the responsibilities of the Secretary of Defense as guarantor
 of such notes.
 (c) PRESIDENTIAL REPORT ON THE REAL VALUE OF EGYPTIAN DEBT OWED TO THE
 UNITED STATES AND PRESIDENTIAL MILITARY DEBT REDUCTION AUTHORITY- After
 the Department of Defense has taken the actions described in subsection (b)--
 (1) the President shall submit a report to Congress in which he determines
 the value of the AECA Loans and all other loans owed by Egypt to the United
 States based on realistic payment expectations as of October 1, 1990, and
 an explanation of the factors considered by the President in determining
 the value; and
 (2) after the President has submitted the report to Congress provided for
 in paragraph (1), the President may--
 (A) reduce the amount owed by Egypt to the Secretary of Defense to an amount
 that equals the value of the AECA Loans as determined by the President in
 the report described in paragraph (1);
 (B) direct the Secretary of Defense to amend, modify or otherwise alter
 the notes described in subsection (a)(2) so that the amended, modified or
 altered notes (the `amended notes') evidence a principal amount owed by
 Egypt to the Secretary of Defense equal to the value of the AECA Loans as
 determined under paragraph (1), and contain such terms and conditions as
 the President may determine consistent with the purposes of this section,
 provided that such terms and conditions shall not--
 (i) reflect any interest accrued in respect of the period between October 1,
 1990, and March 31, 1991; and
 (ii) require Egypt to make any payment before March 31, 1991; and
 (C) reduce the amount owed by the Secretary of Defense under all notes or
 other obligations issued by the Secretary of Defense to the Secretary of the
 Treasury that are related to any guarantees of any AECA Loans (including all
 notes or other obligations issued under subsection (b)) by multiplying it by
 a fraction, the numerator of which shall equal the value of the AECA Loans as
 determined under paragraph (1), and the denominator of which shall equal the
 sum of (i) the amount owed by the Secretary of Defense under notes issued
 to the Secretary of the Treasury pursuant to subsection (b)(1), plus (ii)
 the amount owed by Egypt as a result of the AECA Loans to the Secretary of
 Defense as of October 1, 1990, plus (iii) the amount that Egypt would have
 owed as a result of the AECA Loans to the Secretary of Defense in respect
 of the period beginning October 1, 1990, and ending immediately before the
 President makes the reduction described in subsection (c)(2)(A).
 The military debt reduction authority provided by this subsection shall be
 limited such that no reduction shall result in a decrease in the principal
 value of the AECA Loans below the discounted net present value which
 would result from a restructuring of the AECA Loans according to the terms
 and conditions which apply to the loans of the International Development
 Association (principal shall be repayable over 40 years and shall bear no
 interest, and there shall be a 10 year grace period after which period 2 per
 centum of the loan shall be repaid annually for a period of 10 years, and
 4 per centum of the loan shall be repaid annually during the remaining years).
 (d) DEBT CANCELLATION AUTHORITY- (1) The President, notwithstanding any
 other provision of law, in the context of the multilateral debt negotiations
 provided for in this section may reduce to zero the amended notes (in the
 manner specified in subsection (e)(2) (A) and (B)) only if other major holders
 of Egyptian military debt agree to equal or comparable reductions. If such
 other creditors do not agree to comparable reductions in their Egyptian
 military debt the President shall so report to Congress.
 (2) If the President reports to Congress under paragraph (1) then he may
 further determine that it is essential to the national security interests
 of the United States to unilaterally cancel the requirement of Egypt to
 repay the United States for such Egyptian military debt.
 (e) CONSIDERATIONS- (1) In making this determination under subsection
 (d)(2), the President may consider--
 (A) the unique nature of Egypt's contribution to Desert Shield, and its
 leadership role in supporting international efforts in the face of Iraqi
 aggression in the Arabian Peninsula;
 (B) the impact on the Egyptian economy of the events surrounding the Iraqi
 aggression;
 (C) the long-term prospects for economic growth and stability in Egypt,
 and the effect on those prospects of such a determination;
 (D) the role that Egypt's assumption of FMS debt played in furtherance of
 the common security interests of Egypt and the United States, and the role if
 any that such debt was expected to have relative to other forms of official
 debt in generating income and promoting growth in the Egyptian economy;
 (E) the willingness of other countries to participate in efforts to address
 the issue of official Egyptian military debt on a multilateral basis; and
 (F) any other national security interests of the United States.
 (2) If the President determines in the report provided for in subsection (d)
 that doing so is essential to the success of Desert Shield, or to enhance
 peace and stability in the Middle East, then he is hereby authorized to
 reduce to zero--
 (A) the amount owed by Egypt to the Secretary of Defense under the amended
 notes; and
 (B) the amount owed by the Secretary of Defense under all notes or other
 obligations issued by the Secretary of Defense to the Secretary of the
 Treasury that are related to any guarantees of any AECA Loans, including
 all notes or other obligations issued under subsection (b)(1).
 (f) The President may carry out the purposes of this section notwithstanding
 any other provision of law.
KENYA
 SEC. 593. Notwithstanding any other provision of law, none of the funds
 appropriated by this Act under the headings `Economic Support Fund' and
 `Foreign Military Financing Program', may be made available for Kenya unless
 the President certifies, and so reports to the Congress, that the Government
 of Kenya is taking steps to--
 (1) charge and try or release all prisoners, including any persons detained
 for political reasons;
 (2) cease any physical abuse or mistreatment of prisoners;
 (3) restore the independence of the judiciary; and
Provided, That none of the funds appropriated by this Act under the headings
`Economic Support Fund' and `Foreign Military Financing Program' may be
obligated or expended for Kenya until 30 days after such report is transmitted
to the Congress.
POLICE TRAINING FOR EAST CARIBBEAN REGIONAL SECURITY SYSTEM
 SEC. 594. Section 660 of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 is amended by
 striking out `or' at the end of paragraph (2), by striking out the period
 at the end of paragraph (3) and inserting `; or' in lieu thereof, and by
 adding the following paragraph at the end of the subsection:
 `(4) with respect to assistance provided to police forces in connection
 with their participation in the regional security system of the Eastern
 Caribbean states.'.
ENTERPRISE FOR THE AMERICAS INITIATIVE
 SEC. 595. (a) It is the sense of the Congress that the President's Enterprise
 for the Americas Initiative could encourage and support market-oriented
 reform and economic growth in Latin America and the Caribbean through
 interrelated actions to promote investment reforms, debt reduction and
 environmental protection.
 (b) It is further the sense of the Congress that the President's proposal
 for the Enterprise for the Americas Initiative should be given prompt
 consideration.
EXCESS DEFENSE ARTICLES
 SEC. 596. (a) The Congress finds that impending changes in the United States
 armed forces are likely to result in increased availability of excess defense
 articles to meet security assistance requirements. The Congress urges the
 President to make maximum use of available excess defense articles as a
 cost-effective supplement to funded security assistance programs to meet the
 legitimate defense requirements of eligible allies and friends. Accordingly,
 the President is urged to establish policies and procedures to ensure
 that excess assets are applied against such requirements. Accordingly,
 the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 is amended as follows:
 (b) Chapter 2 of part II of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 is amended
 by adding the following at the end:
 `SEC. 519. ADDITIONAL AUTHORITIES RELATING TO MODERNIZATION OF MILITARY
 CAPABILITIES- (a) AUTHORITY TO TRANSFER EXCESS DEFENSE ARTICLES-
 Notwithstanding any other provision of law (except title V of the National
 Security Act of 1947) and subject to subsection (b), the President may
 transfer to countries for whom a foreign military financing program was
 justified for the fiscal year in which the transfer is authorized, such
 nonlethal excess defense articles as the President determines necessary to
 help modernize the defense capabilities of such countries, in accordance
 with the provisions of this section.
 `(b) LIMITATIONS ON TRANSFERS- The President may transfer nonlethal excess
 defense articles under this section only if--
 `(1) the equipment is drawn from existing stocks of the Department of Defense;
 `(2) no funds available to the Department of Defense for the procurement
 of defense equipment are expended in connection with the transfer;
 `(3) the President determines that the transfer of the nonlethal excess
 defense articles will not have an adverse impact on the military readiness
 of the United States; and
 `(4) the President determines that transferring the articles under the
 authority of this section is preferable to selling them, after taking
 into account the potential proceeds from, and likelihood of, such sales,
 and the comparative foreign policy benefits that may accrue to the United
 States as the result of either a transfer or sale.
 `(c) NOTIFICATION TO CONGRESS- The President shall notify the Committees
 on Appropriations, Armed Services, and Foreign Relations of the Senate,
 and the Committees on Appropriations, Armed Services, and Foreign Affairs
 of the House of Representatives fifteen days before transferring nonlethal
 excess defense articles under subsection (a), in accordance with the regular
 notification procedures of those committees.
 `(d) WAIVER OF REQUIREMENT FOR REIMBURSEMENT OF DOD EXPENSES- Section 632(d)
 shall not apply with respect to transfers of nonlethal excess defense
 articles under this section.
 `(e) ANNUAL REPORT- Commencing in 1991, not later than December 15 of each
 year, the President shall transmit to the committees described in subsection
 (c) a report with respect to the previous fiscal year which contains--
 `(1) a list of the countries to which the President has furnished nonlethal
 excess defense articles under the authority of this section; and
 `(2) the value of the excess nonlethal defense articles that were furnished
 to each such country.
 `(f) TRANSPORTATION AND RELATED COSTS- (1) Except as provided in paragraph
 (2), funds available to the Department of Defense shall not be expended for
 crating, packing, handling and transportation of nonlethal excess defense
 articles transferred under the authority of this section.
 `(2) Notwithstanding section 632(d) or any other provision of law, the
 President may direct the crating, packing, handling and transport of
 nonlethal excess defense articles without charge to a country if--
 `(A) that country has an agreement providing the United States with base
 rights in that country;
 `(B) that country is eligible for assistance from the International
 Development Association; and
 `(C) the nonlethal excess defense articles are being provided to that
 country under the authority of this section.'.
 (c) In section 31(d) of the Arms Export Control Act, insert the following
 after the word `law' `, and of any defense articles with respect to which
 the President submits a certification under section 36(b) of this Act.'.
 (d) During fiscal year 1991, the provisions of section 573(e) of the Foreign
 Operations, Export Financing, and Related Programs Appropriations Act,
 1990, shall be applicable, for the period specified therein, to excess
 defense articles made available under sections 516 and 519 of the Foreign
 Assistance Act of 1961.
JUDICIAL REFORM IN EL SALVADOR
 SEC. 597. (a) JUDICIAL REFORM PROGRAM- An amount equivalent to 10 percent
 of the United States military assistance deposited in the Fund established
 pursuant to section 531(f) of this Act may be obligated and expended to
 assist in the carrying out of judicial reforms in El Salvador as described
 in this subsection only if the President certifies to Congress by October 1,
 1991, that--
 (1) the Government of El Salvador has made significant progress in
 establishing an independent civilian judiciary and prosecutorial and
 investigative system. For purposes of this paragraph `significant progress'
 means certification that--
 (A) the Legislative Assembly and the Supreme Court are acting to consider
 the National Legislative Revisory Commission (CORELESAL) proposals which
 should include admission of co-conspirator testimony in murder cases and
 a commitment to the reform of labor law;
 (B) the Salvadoran Government has reactivated the Judicial Protection Unit
 and that the safety of judges and witnesses is being adequately provided;
 (C) the procedures for detaining suspects and the treatment of detainees are
 in compliance with standards set forth by the U.N. Human Rights Commission;
 and
 (D) the Government of El Salvador has devised and commenced implementation
 of a plan to place the police force under civilian control, including the
 time period within which such plan is to be implemented and the actions
 that will be taken to effect its implementation; and
 (2) the conditions set forth in section 538 of this Act with respect to
 investigation of murders are satisfied and reported by the President to
 the Committees on Appropriations.
 (b) REFORMS- Assistance for judiciary reform pursuant to subsection (a)
 shall be administered through the Administration of Justice program to
 support activities which further the progress described in paragraph (1).
EXTENSION OF PROVISIONS
 SEC. 598. (a) Section 599D of the Foreign Operations, Export Financing,
 and Related Programs Appropriations Act, 1990, is amended--
 (1) in subsection (b)(3), by striking `fiscal year 1990' and inserting
 `for each of fiscal years 1990, 1991, and 1992', and
 (2) in subsection (e), by striking `October 1, 1990' each place it appears
 and inserting `October 1, 1992'.
 (b) Section 599E(b)(2) of such Act is amended by striking `September 30,
 1990' and inserting `September 30, 1992'.
PRIORITY DELIVERY OF EQUIPMENT
 SEC. 599. Notwithstanding any other provision of law, the delivery of excess
 defense articles that are to be transferred on a grant basis under Section 516
 of the Foreign Assistance Act to NATO allies and to major non-NATO allies on
 the southern and southeastern flank of NATO shall be given priority to the
 maximum extent feasible over the delivery of such excess defense articles
 to other countries.
YUGOSLAVIA
 SEC. 599A. Six months after the date of enactment of this Act, (1) none
 of the funds appropriated or otherwise made available pursuant to this
 Act shall be obligated or expended to provide any direct assistance to
 the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, and (2) the Secretary of the Treasury
 shall instruct the United States Executive Director of each international
 financial institution to use the voice and vote of the United States
 to oppose any assistance of the respective institutions to the Federal
 Republic of Yugoslavia: Provided, That this section shall not apply to
 assistance intended to support democratic parties or movements, emergency
 or humanitarian assistance, or the furtherance of human rights: Provided
 further, That this section shall not apply if all six of the individual
 Republics of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia have held free and fair
 multiparty elections and are not engaged in a pattern of systematic gross
 violations of human rights: Provided further, That notwithstanding the
 failure of the individual Republics of the Socialist Federal Republic of
 Yugoslavia to have held free and fair multiparty elections within six months
 of the enactment of this Act, this section shall not apply if the Secretary
 of State certifies that the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia is
 making significant strides toward complying with the obligations of the
 Helsinki Accords and is encouraging any Republic which has not held free
 and fair multiparty elections to do so.
ISRAEL--MILITARY DRAWDOWN
 SEC. 599B. (a) As a result of circumstances arising from the recent
 invasion by Iraq of Kuwait, Israel faces a heightened threat to its national
 security. In order to assist Israel in meeting this threat, the President
 may direct for the purposes of part II of the Foreign Assistance Act of
 1961, the drawdown, for Israel, of defense articles from the stocks of
 the Department of Defense, defense services of the Department of Defense,
 and military education and training, of an aggregate value of $700,000,000
 within nine months from the date of enactment of this Act.
 (b) To the maximum extent feasible, drawdowns under subsection (a) shall
 be made from units withdrawn or to be withdrawn from Europe.
 (c) In the event the President determines that the timing of the drawdown
 under subsection (a) would have an adverse impact on the readiness of the
 Armed Forces of the United States, the President may have such additional
 time as he deems appropriate to comply with the requirements of subsection
 (a). The President shall notify the Committees on Appropriations of any
 determination under this subsection, including an estimate as to when the
 total amount of the drawdown under subsection (a) will be completed.
 (d) The President shall, within six months of the last drawdown under
 subsection (a), submit a report to the Committees on Appropriations which
 identifies the articles, services, and training drawn down under this section.
 (e) Section 506(c) of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 (regarding the
 reimbursement of accounts) shall be applicable to the drawdown authority
 contained in this section.
 (f) Section 632(d) of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 shall not apply
 with respect to drawdowns under this section.
BENEFITS FOR UNITED STATES HOSTAGES IN IRAQ AND KUWAIT AND UNITED STATES
HOSTAGES CAPTURED IN LEBANON
 SEC. 599C. (a) ELIGIBILITY- United States hostages in Iraq and Kuwait,
 and United States hostages captured in Lebanon, shall, subject to the
 availability of funds under subsection (e), be entitled to the benefits
 described in this section. Except as otherwise provided in this section
 or other provision of law, no such individual or any family member shall
 receive any benefit under the provisions of title 5, United States Code.
 (b) PAYMENTS FOR DURATION OF HOSTAGE STATUS, LIFE INSURANCE, AND HEALTH
 INSURANCE- (1) Not later than 30 days after the date of enactment of this Act,
 the Office of Personnel Management, after consultation with the Department
 of State, shall prescribe regulations, consistent with this section, for the
 application of the provisions of chapter 87 (relating to life insurance)
 and chapter 89 (relating to health insurance) of title 5, United States
 Code, to the United States hostages in Iraq or Kuwait, and United States
 hostages captured in Lebanon, and their family members for the period that
 such hostages remain in hostage status.
 (2) United States hostages in Iraq or Kuwait, and United States hostages
 captured in Lebanon, shall, subject to the availability of funds under
 subsection (e), be paid at the rate of pay for a position at GS-9 of
 the General Schedule for the period in which such hostages remained in
 a hostage status without the hostages (or their family members on their
 behalf) receiving salaries or wages from their employers.
 (3) During the period of an individual's hostage status and during the
 12-month period after the hostage status of that individual ceases, such
 individual and his family members shall, subject to the availability of funds
 under subsection (e), be entitled to health benefits covered by paragraph
 (1) if such benefits were not provided by any other insurance coverage.
 (4) During the period of an individual's hostage status and during the
 12-month period after the hostage status of that individual ceases, that
 individual shall, subject to the availability of funds under subsection
 (e), be entitled to life insurance benefits covered by paragraph (1) if
 such benefits were not provided by any other insurance coverage.
 (c) ADMINISTRATION OF AUTHORITIES- (1) For purposes of this section, the
 Secretary of State shall certify to such officer of the United States as
 may require such information the names of the United States hostages in
 Iraq and Kuwait, and United States hostages captured in Lebanon, and their
 family members.
 (2) For purposes of the protection of the identity of any individual, the
 Secretary of State may submit any certification under this subsection in
 classified form.
 (3) The Secretary of State may require of any individual such verification
 of hostage status as he may deem necessary.
 (d) DEFINITIONS- For purposes of this section--
 (1) the term `hostage status' means, with respect to United States hostages
 in Iraq and Kuwait, the status of being held in custody by governmental or
 military authorities of a country or taking refuge within that country in
 fear of being taken into such custody (including residing in any diplomatic
 mission or consular post in that country); and, with respect to United States
 hostages captured in Lebanon, the status of a person described in paragraph
 (4)(B);
 (2) the term `family members' means spouses, dependents, and any individuals
 who are members of the households of United States hostages in Iraq and
 Kuwait or United States hostages captured in Lebanon;
 (3) the term `United States economic sanctions against Iraq' means the
 exercise of authorities under the International Emergency Economic Powers
 Act by the President with respect to financial transactions with Iraq;
 (4)(A) the term `United States hostages in Iraq and Kuwait' means United
 States nationals, or family members of United States nationals, who are in
 a hostage status in Iraq or Kuwait during the period beginning on August 2,
 1990, and terminating on the date on which United States economic sanctions
 against Iraq are lifted; and
 (B) the term `United States hostages captured in Lebanon' means United
 States nationals who have been forcibly detained, held hostage, or interned
 by an enemy government or its agents, or a hostile force, in Lebanon since
 January 1, 1990.
 (5) the term `United States national' means any individual who is a citizen
 of the United States or who, though not a citizen of the United States,
 owes permanent allegiance to the United States.
 (e) ALLOCATION OF FUNDS- (1) Of the funds appropriated by this Act under
 the heading `Economic Support Fund', up to $10,000,000 shall be available
 to carry out this section.
 (2) The authority to obligate funds under the authority provided by this
 section shall expire six months after the date of enactment of this Act.
protection of children
 SEC. 599D. Amend Section 116 of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 to add
 a new subsection:
 `(b) No assistance may be provided to any government failing to take
 appropriate and adequate measures, within their means, to protect children
 from exploitation, abuse or forced conscription into military or paramilitary
 services.'.
INTERNATIONAL CRIMINAL COURT
 SEC. 599E. (a) The Congress finds that--
 (1) the international community has defined as criminal conduct in
 various international conventions, certain acts such as war crimes, crimes
 against humanity, torture, piracy and crimes on board commercial vessels,
 aircraft hijacking and sabotage of aircraft, crimes against diplomats and
 other internationally protected persons, hostage-taking, and illicit drug
 cultivation and trafficking;
 (2) in spite of these international conventions, the effective prosecution
 of those who commit criminal acts has been seriously obstructed in certain
 cases because of problems of extradition and differences between the legal
 and judicial systems of individual nations;
 (3) the jurisdiction of the International Court of Justice extends only to
 cases involving governments, and not to individual criminal cases;
 (4) the concept of an international criminal court has been under
 consideration in the United Nations and other international fora for many
 years, including proposals and reviews undertaken in 1990 by the United
 Nations General Assembly, the International Law Commission, and the Eighth
 United Nations Congress on the Prevention of Crime and the Treatment of
 Offenders;
 (5) the international military tribunals established in Nuremburg, Germany,
 and Tokyo, Japan, following World War II also establish a precedent for
 international criminal tribunals; and
 (6) there is growing movement among nations of the world to formulate their
 economic, political and legal systems on a multilateral basis.
 (b) It is the sense of Congress that--
 (1) the United States should explore the need for the establishment of an
 International Criminal Court on a universal or regional basis to assist
 the international community in dealing more effectively with criminal acts
 defined in international conventions; and
 (2) the establishment of such a court or courts for the more effective
 prosecution of international criminals should not derogate from established
 standards of due process, the rights of the accused to a fair trial and
 the sovereignty of individual nations.
 (c) The President shall report to the Congress by October 1, 1991, the results
 of his efforts in regard to the establishment of an International Criminal
 Court to deal with criminal acts defined in international conventions.
 (d) The Judicial Conference of the United States shall report to the Congress
 by October 1, 1991, on the feasibility of, and the relationship to, the
 Federal judiciary of an International Criminal Court.
PROGRESS AND LEADERSHIP OF THE CITIZENS DEMOCRACY CORPS
 SEC. 599F. The President shall report to Congress the name of a qualified
 individual from the private sector who will serve as the Chairman of
 the Citizens Democracy Corps (CDC) Commission who will select other
 private citizens from business, educational, agricultural, voluntary, or
 philanthropic activities to serve on the Commission; and by December 15,
 1990, the President shall submit a report to Congress regarding the CDC's
 strategic implementation plan, to include: (1) private sector funding; (2)
 cumulative and planned government funding; (3) a strategy and timetable
 for making the CDC self-financing through private donations; (4) details
 on CDC volunteer assignments and assignment priorities in Eastern Europe;
 and (5) a plan for acquiring state and Federal charters for the CDC.
POLAND
 SEC. 599G. (a)(1) The freely-elected Government of Poland has reshaped the
 country's economic policies with great courage and consistency in a manner
 that will foster the establishment of a functioning market economy in the
 near future;
 (2) the Government of Poland and people alike have proven their willingness to
 endure economic hardships, such as a marked drop in the standard of living,
 in employment levels, and in the nation's industrial output, in order to
 create the necessary conditions for a comprehensive economic reform;
 (3) the economic program is based on the recognition of the Polish authorities
 that a stable and easily convertible currency is paramount to the economic
 transformation of Poland;
 (4) inflation in Poland has actually declined and the budget deficit been
 reduced as a consequence of the determination of Poland's policy makers;
 (5) private ownership of the means of production has been achieved on a
 broad basis;
 (6) the continued success of economic reform hinges upon tangible improvements
 in the economic conditions for each and every citizen;
 (7) private sector companies from the United States and elsewhere have
 responded very favorably to the Government of Poland's determination to
 bring about meaningful reform;
 (8) the greatest challenge for the new government is to service the staggering
 debt run up by the previous communist regime; and
 (9) the servicing of this debt out of current revenues endangers a successful
 completion of the reform process because it consumes a large part of the
 resources needed for economic expansion: Now, therefore, be it
 (b) The sense of the Congress that--
 (1) Poland's debt service should be reduced in the appropriate manner to
 safeguard the promising reform concept;
 (2) any solution of this problem should entail a broad range of approaches,
 such as outright debt reduction, debt service reduction, and lengthening
 of maturities, as well as an infusion of new capital;
 (3) the Western governments, which are Poland's major creditors, should
 take speedy action in this area and private banks should also be prepared
 to contribute their share to this effort of reducing Poland's debt in order
 to allow the newly democratized country to bring its market reform program
 to a successful conclusion; and
 (4) the President should undertake the appropriate measures on the part
 of the United States to bring the deliberations in the Paris Club to a
 favorable decision on the issue of reducing Poland's debt.
PRECURSOR CHEMICALS
 SEC. 599H. (a) NEGOTIATIONS- (1) The Attorney General shall enter into
 negotiations with the appropriate law enforcement and judicial agencies
 and any other officials of any foreign country with jurisdiction over
 companies who manufacture, market, sell or purchase certain precursor
 and/or essential chemicals used in the production of illicit narcotics. The
 priority of negotiations should be determined based on an assessment by the
 Attorney General which countries have jurisdiction over companies that may
 be knowingly or unknowingly supplying chemicals for the illicit manufacture
 of controlled substances.
 (2) The purposes of the negotiations shall be to (a) establish a list of
 precursor and essential chemicals contributing to the illicit manufacture of
 controlled substances, as defined in section 102 of the Controlled Substances
 Act (21 USC 802); (b) reach one or more international agreements on a
 method for maintaining records of transactions of these listed chemicals;
 (c) establish a procedure by which such records may be made available to
 (and kept confidential as necessary by) United States law enforcement
 authorities for the exclusive purpose of conducting an investigation
 relative to precursor chemicals, essential chemicals and/or controlled
 substances contributing to the manufacture of illicit narcotics; and (d)
 encourage chemical source countries to enact national chemical control
 legislation which would (i) impose specific record keeping and reporting
 requirements for domestic transactions involving listed chemicals; (ii)
 establish a system of permits or declarations for imports and exports of
 listed chemicals; and (iii) authorize government officials to seize or
 suspend shipments of listed chemicals based on evidence that they may be
 destined for the illicit manufacture of controlled substances.
 (b) REPORTS- Not later than one year after the date of enactment of this
 Act, the Attorney General shall submit an interim report to the Judiciary
 Committee and the Foreign Relations Committee of the Senate on progress in
 the negotiations. Not later than eighteen months from the date of enactment,
 the Attorney General shall submit a final report to the aforementioned
 Senate Committees on the result of negotiations identifying countries with
 which agreements have not been reached and which have jurisdiction over
 companies believed to be engaged in the manufacture, marketing, sale or
 purchase of precursor and/or essential chemicals used in illicit manufacture
 of controlled substances.
 (c) PENALTIES- After consulting with the Attorney General and the Director
 of the Office of National Drug Control Policy, the President shall impose
 penalties or sanctions including temporarily or permanently prohibiting any
 corporation, partnership, individual or business association (i) refusing to
 maintain records for the purpose of monitoring and regulating transactions of
 listed precursor chemicals, or (ii) refusing to make such records available
 to United States law enforcement authorities for investigative purposes (in
 coordination with the local law enforcement agency in which such corporation,
 partnership, individual, or business association resides, is created or has
 its principal place of business) from engaging in any or all transactions,
 in goods or services, within the commerce of the United States.
 (d) DEFINITIONS- A record under subsection (a) shall be retrievable and
 include the date of the transaction, the identity of each party to the
 transaction, including the ultimate consignee, and accounting of the quantity
 and form of listed chemical(s) and a description of the method of transfer.
 (e) This section shall not apply to the manufacture, distribution, sale,
 import or export of any drug which may, under the Federal Food, Drug and
 Cosmetic Act be lawfully sold over-the-counter without prescription.
VIETNAM TRAVEL
 SEC. 599I. (a) The Senate hereby finds--
 (1) the Government of the United States has maintained economic sanctions
 against the government of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam since April 30,
 1975 under the auspices of the Trading with the Enemy Act, and as regulated
 by the Office of Foreign Assets Control of the United States Department
 of Treasury,
 (2) individual citizens of the United States are authorized to travel in
 Vietnam but are limited in monetary expenditures to $100 per day, to be
 used only for personal travel related expenses, and are prohibited from
 conducting business dealings with Vietnam or citizens of Vietnam,
 (3) the international community, exclusive of the United States, has
 significantly increased its commercial contacts within Vietnam, and that
 foreign investment in Vietnam doubled from January 1989 to January 1990,
 (4) the government of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam has been cooperative
 in working with the United States and other nations toward a settlement of
 the Cambodian political situation,
 (5) by the end of 1989, the government of Vietnam had completed a withdrawal
 of its combat troops from the territory of Cambodia, and
 (6) pending a final Cambodian settlement, the remaining questions regarding
 United States POWs and MIAs are the most important factor in determining
 the future course of United States-Vietnamese relations.
 (b) It is the sense of the Senate, that in recognition of the fact that the
 government of Vietnam has been cooperative in working toward a resolution
 of longstanding issues of conflict with the United States, that the $100.00
 per day limit on personal expenses of United States citizens travelling in
 Vietnam should be raised to an appropriate level.
west bank schools
 SEC. 599J. The United States Congress commends Israel's decision to open the
 schools on the West Bank announced on June 22, 1989, including the opening
 of all colleges, the Al-Quds University on June 16, 1990, and Bethlehem
 University on August 30, 1990. The Congress understands that all schools
 will be opened at an early date, and expresses the hope that they will remain
 open, and will be respected and regarded by all parties as places of learning.
PUBLIC LAW 480
 SEC. 599K. Funds appropriated in the Rural Development, Agriculture, and
 Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 1991 for title III of the Agricultural
 Trade Development and Assistance Act of 1954 shall be made available for
 the donation of commodities as authorized by law.
TITLE VI--INTERNATIONAL FORESTRY COOPERATION
SEC. 601. SHORT TITLE.
 This title may be cited as the `International Forestry Cooperation Act
 of 1990'.
SEC. 602. FORESTRY AND RELATED NATURAL RESOURCE ASSISTANCE.
 (a) FOCUS OF ACTIVITIES- To achieve the maximum impact from activities
 undertaken under the authority of this title, the Secretary shall focus
 such activities on the key countries which could have a substantial impact
 on emissions of greenhouse gases related to global warming.
 (b) AUTHORITY FOR INTERNATIONAL FORESTRY ACTIVITIES- In support of forestry
 and related natural resource activities outside of the United States and
 its territories and possessions, the Secretary of Agriculture (hereinafter
 referred to in this title as the Secretary) may--
 (1) provide assistance that promotes sustainable development and global
 environmental stability, including assistance for--
 (A) conservation and sustainable management of forest land;
 (B) forest plantation technology and tree improvement;
 (C) rehabilitation of cutover lands, eroded watersheds, and areas damaged
 by wildfires or other natural disasters;
 (D) prevention and control of insects, diseases, and other damaging agents;
 (E) preparedness planning, training, and operational assistance to combat
 natural disasters;
 (F) more complete utilization of forest products leading to resource
 conservation;
 (G) range protection and enhancement; and
 (H) wildlife and fisheries habitat protection and improvement;
 (2)  share  technical,  managerial,  extension,  and administrative skills
 related to public and private natural resource administration;
 (3) provide education and training opportunities to promote the transfer
 and utilization of scientific information and technologies;
 (4) engage in scientific exchange and cooperative research with foreign
 governmental, educational, technical and research institutions; and
 (5) cooperate with domestic and international organizations that further
 international programs for the management and protection of forests,
 rangelands, wildlife and fisheries, and related natural resource activities.
 (c) ELIGIBLE COUNTRIES- The Secretary shall undertake the activities
 described in subsection (b), in countries that receive assistance from
 the Agency for International Development only at the request, or with the
 concurrence, of the Administrator of the Agency for International Development.
SEC. 603. TROPICAL DEFORESTATION ASSESSMENT AND ASSISTANCE.
 In support of the Tropical Forestry Action Plan and to specifically address
 tropical deforestation and degradation, the Secretary may--
 (1) support and actively participate in global and regional meetings that
 seek to reform such Plan;
 (2) together with the United States Agency for International Development,
 and other Federal agencies, provide technical assistance to tropical countries
 for the formulation of national forestry sector development strategies; and
 (3) cooperate with tropical countries on research, training, and technical
 programs aimed at implementing national forestry sector development
 strategies.
SEC. 604. INSTITUTE OF TROPICAL FORESTRY.
 (a) EXPANSION- The Secretary shall expand the capabilities of and construct
 additional facilities at the Caribbean National Forest and Institute of
 Tropical Forestry in Puerto Rico, as the Secretary determines necessary to
 support the purpose of this title, and as funds are appropriated for such
 expansion and construction.
 (b) TROPICAL FORESTRY PLANS- Not later than 1 year after the date of
 enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall prepare and submit to the
 Committee on Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry of the Senate, the
 Committee on Agriculture of the House of Representatives, and to the
 Committees on Appropriations of the Senate and House of Representatives,
 a tropical forestry plan for the expansion and construction of additional
 facilities under subsection (a). Such plan shall include provisions for--
 (1) the construction or acquisition of a major center for education,
 interpretation, and appreciation of the benefits and methods of the
 intelligent management of tropical forests;
 (2) the acquisition or construction of facilities for housing and classroom
 instruction near the Caribbean National Forest/Luguillo Experimental
 Forest; and
 (3) the acquisition or construction of facilities for the study and recovery
 of endangered tropical wildlife, fish and plant species.
SEC. 605. ADMINISTRATIVE PROVISIONS.
 (a) COORDINATION OF ACTIVITIES- The Secretary shall coordinate all activities
 outside of the United States under this title with other Federal officials,
 departments, agencies, and international organizations, as the President
 may require.
 (b) ASSISTANCE- The Secretary may provide assistance, as determined
 appropriate by the Secretary to carry out this title, including technical
 and financial assistance, equipment, and facilities without reimbursement.
SEC. 606. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.
 There are authorized to be appropriated such sums as may be necessary to
 carry out this title.
SEC. 607. CONFORMING AMENDMENTS.
 (a) FOREST AND RANGELAND RENEWABLE RESOURCES RESEARCH ACT- The Forest
 and Rangeland Renewable Resources Research Act of 1978 (16 U.S.C. 1641 et
 seq.) is amended--
 (1) in section 2 (16 U.S.C. 1641)--
 (A) by inserting `(1)' after `(a)';
 (B) by adding at the end of subsection (a) the following new paragraph:
 `(2) Congress further finds that the forest and rangeland renewable resources
 of the world are threatened by deforestation due to conversion to agriculture
 of lands better suited to other uses, over-grazing, over-harvesting, and other
 causes that pose a direct adverse threat to people, the global environment,
 and the world economy.'; and
 (C) by adding at the end thereof the following new subsection:
 `(c) It is the purpose of this Act to authorize the Secretary to expand
 research activities to encompass international forestry and natural resource
 issues on a global scale.'; and
 (2) in the first section of section 4(c) (16 U.S.C. 1643(c)), by inserting
 `international,' before `Federal'.
 (b) COOPERATIVE FORESTRY ASSISTANCE ACT- The Cooperative Forestry Assistance
 Act of 1978 (16 U.S.C. et seq.) is amended--
 (1) in section 2(a)--
 (A) by striking `and' at the end of paragraph (16);
 (B) by striking the period at the end of paragraph (17) and inserting `;
 and'; and
 (C) by adding at the end thereof the following new paragraph:
 `(18) the same forest resource supply, protection, and management issues
 that exist in the United States are also present on an international scale,
 and the forest and rangeland renewable resources of the world are threatened
 by deforestation due to conversion to agriculture of lands better suited
 to other purposes, over-grazing, over-harvesting, and other causes which
 pose a direct adverse threat to people, the global environment, and the
 world economy.';
 (2) in section 2(b), by inserting `in the United States, and forest lands
 in foreign countries,' after `non-Federal forest lands,' the first place
 it appears and in paragraph (10); and
 (3) in section 12, by adding at the end thereof the following new subsection:
 `(h) In addition to the authority provided elsewhere in this Act, the
 Secretary may provide assistance to other countries with respect to
 the activities described in paragraphs (1) through (10) of section 3(b),
 paragraphs (1) through (5) of section 7(b), and paragraphs (1) through (3)
 of section 9(b). For the purposes of providing assistance to other countries
 under this subsection, the term `non-Federal forest land' shall mean any
 forest land and related renewable natural resources in such countries. In
 providing the assistance authorized under this subsection, the Secretary
 shall coordinate with other Federal officials, departments, agencies, or
 international organizations, as the President may direct. The references
 to `State foresters or equivalent State officials' in this Act shall not
 apply to the assistance provided by the Secretary to other countries under
 this subsection.'.
 This Act may be cited as the `Foreign Operations, Export Financing, and
 Related Programs Appropriations Act, 1991'.
Speaker of the House of Representatives.
Vice President of the United States and
President of the Senate.