Text: H.R.5514 — 101st Congress (1989-1990)All Information (Except Text)

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HR 5514 IH
101st CONGRESS
2d Session
 H. R. 5514
To establish a program of voluntary domestic and international service, to
establish a Police Corps Program, to enhance benefits under the all-volunteer
force educational assistance program, and for other purposes.
IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES
August 3, 1990
Mr. PENNY introduced the following bill; which was referred jointly to the
Committees on Education and Labor, Foreign Affairs, the Judiciary, Veterans'
Affairs, and Armed Services
A BILL
To establish a program of voluntary domestic and international service, to
establish a Police Corps Program, to enhance benefits under the all-volunteer
force educational assistance program, and for other purposes.
  Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United
  States of America in Congress assembled,
SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE.
  This Act may be cited as the `Voluntary National Service Act of 1990'.
SEC. 2. TABLE OF CONTENTS.
  The table of contents-
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Sec. 1. Short title.
Sec. 2. Table of contents.
Sec. 3. Purposes.
TITLE I--DOMESTIC VOLUNTARY SERVICE
Subtitle A--Establishment and Implementation of Program
Sec. 101. Definitions.
Sec. 102. Establishment of the domestic voluntary service program in the
action agency.
Sec. 103. Eligibility and terms of service.
Sec. 104. Types of national service.
Sec. 105. Application and placement process.
Sec. 106. Stipend and educational assistance for volunteers.
Subtitle B--Provision of Community Services Under the Program
Sec. 111. Administration of the program in the States.
Sec. 112. Duties of an Administrator.
Sec. 113. State community service plan.
Sec. 114. Training.
Sec. 115. Grants to States to implement the program.
Sec. 116. Prevention of worker displacement.
TITLE II--INTERNATIONAL VOLUNTARY SERVICE
Sec. 201. One year placement of volunteers with private voluntary
organizations.
Sec. 202. Educational benefits for volunteers.
TITLE III--POLICE CORPS PROGRAM
Sec. 301. Short title.
Sec. 302. Purposes.
Sec. 303. Definitions.
Sec. 304. Establishment of Office of the Police Corps.
Sec. 305. Educational assistance.
Sec. 306. Selection of participants.
Sec. 307. Law enforcement training.
Sec. 308. Service obligation.
Sec. 309. Approval of State programs.
Sec. 310. Reports to President and Congress.
TITLE IV--NONMILITARY EDUCATIONAL ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS
TITLE V--ALL-VOLUNTEER FORCE EDUCATIONAL ASSISTANCE PROGRAM
TITLE VI--MISCELLANEOUS PROVISIONS
Sec. 601. Authorization of appropriations.
Sec. 602. Effective date.
SEC. 3. PURPOSES.
  The purpose of this Act is to--
  (1) promote community service and civic responsibility by providing
  opportunities for individuals to serve their communities;
  (2) encourage volunteer participation by providing assistance in student
  financial aid for volunteer service;
  (3) enhance recruitment and retention in the armed forces by improving
  benefits under the Montgomery GI Bill education programs;
  (4) expand international volunteer service opportunities; and
  (5) encourage qualified individuals to enter and be trained for law
  enforcement service.
TITLE I--DOMESTIC VOLUNTARY SERVICE
Subtitle A--Establishment and Implementation of Program
SEC. 101. DEFINITIONS.
  For purposes of this title:
  (1) The term `administrator' means the individual designated by the Governor
  to be the chief administrator of the program in the State.
  (2) The term `Associate Director' means the Associate Director for Domestic
  and Anti-Poverty Operations of the ACTION Agency.
  (3) The term `community service' means service of the type described in
  section 104 and such other services essential and necessary to the nation
  as the Associate Director, by rule, may prescribe.
  (4) The term `educational institution' means a vocational school (including
  a technical school) or institution of higher learning.
  (5) The term `Governor' means the chief executive officer of a State.
  (6) The term `institution of higher learning' has the meaning given to
  such term in section 1652(f) of title 38, United States Code.
  (7) The term `local government' means a general purpose political subdivision
  of a State which has the power to levy taxes and spend funds, as well as
  general corporate and police powers.
  (8) The term `nonprofit organization' means an organization--
  (A) described in section 501(c) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986
  (26 U.S.C. 501(c)); and
  (B) exempt from taxation under section 501(a) of such Code (26
  U.S.C. 501(a)).
  (9) The term `program' means the program of voluntary domestic service
  established by this title.
  (10) The term `State' means any of the several States, the District
  of Columbia, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, the Commonwealth of the
  Northern Mariana Islands, the Federated States of Micronesia, the Republic
  of Marshall Islands, or any territory and possession of the United States.
  (11) The term `vocational school' has the meaning given to such term in
  section 435(c) of the Higher Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 1085(c)).
SEC. 102. ESTABLISHMENT OF THE DOMESTIC VOLUNTARY SERVICE PROGRAM IN THE
ACTION AGENCY.
  There is established by this title a program of voluntary domestic service
  to be administered by the Director of the ACTION Agency, acting through the
  Associate Director for Domestic and Anti-Poverty Operations. The Associate
  Director shall issue such rules as may be necessary to carry out this title.
SEC. 103. ELIGIBILITY AND TERMS OF SERVICE.
  (a) ELIGIBILITY- An individual may apply to serve as a full-time or
  part-time volunteer in the program if the individual--
  (1) is age 16 or over;
  (2) is a citizen of the United States or lawfully admitted for permanent
  residence; and
  (3) is willing and able (as determined by the Associate Director) to serve
  in the program and carry out the duties of a community service volunteer.
  (b) CONDITION ON ACCEPTANCE- Individuals may be accepted for the program
  only if adequate funds are available for the enrollment and support of
  such individual in the program.
  (c) FULL-TIME SERVICE- An individual selected as a full-time volunteer
  in the program shall agree to perform community service for a one-year
  period. The period of service of a full-time volunteer may not be extended.
  (d) PART-TIME SERVICE- An individual selected as a part-time volunteer
  in the program shall agree to perform community service during a two-year
  period consisting of either--
  (1) two weekends each month of community service and two weeks a year of
  full-time community service; or
  (2) an average of nine hours each week of community service.
SEC. 104. TYPES OF NATIONAL SERVICE.
  (a) An individual serving as a volunteer in the program shall perform
  comunity service to meet the unmet service needs of a State or local
  government or other community. Community service may include the following
  types of service:
  (1) Educational service, such as literacy and numeracy programs, Head
  Start, tutorial assistance, and service in schools, libraries, and adult
  education centers.
  (2) Human service, such as--
  (A) service in hospitals, hospices, clinics, community health centers,
  homes for the elderly, and child-care centers; and
  (B) service in programs to assist the elderly, poor, and homeless, including
  programs to build, restore, and maintain housing for the poor and homeless.
  (3) Conservation service, such as service in programs to conserve,
  maintain, and restore natural resources in the urban and rural environment,
  provide recreational opportunities, and encourage community betterment
  or beautification.
  (4) Public Safety service in support of the criminal justice system,
  including police, courts, prisons, and border patrol.
  (5) Service in existing national programs, such as referral and placement
  in the Peace Corps and VISTA.
SEC. 105. APPLICATION AND PLACEMENT PROCESS.
  (a) APPLICATION- To be considered for selection as a volunteer in the
  program, an eligible individual shall submit an application (in such form
  and containing such information as the Associate Director shall require
  by rule) to the Associate Director or such other person as the Associate
  Director may designate.
  (b) REVIEW OF APPLICATION- (1) The Associate Director shall review each
  application submitted and may accept for participation in the program any
  applicant who meets the eligibility requirements established in section 103.
  (2) The Associate Director shall establish rules for deciding which
  applications to accept if there are more applications than volunteer
  positions available, based on factors such as--
  (A) the fitness of an applicant for duty;
  (B) availability of positions in the community of the applicant; and
  (C) the date of receipt of the application.
  (c) REGISTRATION- (1) An individual selected to participate as a volunteer
  in the program shall register with the administrator of the program in
  the State in which the individual is a resident.
  (2) For purposes of paragraph (1), an individual shall be considered a
  resident of a State if such individual--
  (A) is a full-time student at a secondary school or educational institution
  in the State; or
  (B) has resided in the State for the 1-year period immediately preceding
  the date the individual submits an application under such paragraph.
  (3) The Associate Director, on an individual basis, may waive the residency
  requirement contained in paragraph (1).
  (d) PLACEMENT- The administrator shall place the volunteer with appropriate
  State and local government agencies and nonprofit organizations taking
  into consideration the preference and skills of the volunteer and the
  service needs of the agencies and organizations.
  (e) TRANSFER OF VOLUNTEER- During the term of service of a volunteer,
  the administrator concerned (with the consent of the volunteer involved)
  may transfer the volunteer between assignments--
  (1) located within the State; or
  (2) located outside the State with the permission of the administrator of
  the State to which the volunteer is transferred.
  (f) PLACEMENT WITH FEDERAL AGENCIES- The Associate Director may also
  arrange for the placement of volunteers with Federal Agencies. For purposes
  of Federal laws authorizing a Federal agency to accept the services of
  a volunteer, an applicant placed pursuant to this subsection shall be
  considered a volunteer.
SEC. 106. STIPEND AND EDUCATIONAL ASSISTANCE FOR VOLUNTEERS.
  (a) STIPEND- (1) A volunteer selected to serve full-time in the program
  shall receive a stipend of $100 per week while the volunteer is in training
  and providing full-time community service during the period of service of
  the member.
  (2) A volunteer selected to serve part-time in the program shall receive a
  stipend of $100 per week while the volunteer performs the two-week period
  of full-time service.
  (b) PAYMENT OF STIPEND- The stipend will be paid by the program administrator
  in accordance with the State plan.
  (c) VOUCHER FOR EDUCATIONAL ASSISTANCE- (1) Upon the completion of the year
  of service of a full-time volunteer described in paragraph (3), the Secretary
  of Education (upon certification by the ACTION Agency) shall provide the
  volunteer with a nontransferable voucher that is equal in value to $8,904.
  (2) Upon the completion of the two-year period of service of a part-time
  volunteer described in paragraph (3), the Secretary of Education (upon
  certification by the ACTION Agency) shall provide the volunteer with a
  nontransferable voucher that is equal in value to $4,452.
  (3) A voucher may be provided to a volunteer under this subsection only
  if the volunteer has received a high school diploma or its equivalent by
  the completion of the period of service of the volunteer.
  (d) PARTIAL COMPLETION OF TERM OF SERVICE- If the Associate Director
  releases a volunteer from completing the period of service of the volunteer
  at the request of the volunteer or because of the needs of the program,
  the Associate Director may provide the volunteer with a portion of the
  voucher specified in subsection (c) corresponding to the amount of the
  service obligation completed by the volunteer.
  (e) USE OF VOUCHER- A voucher provided under subsection (c) may be used
  by a volunteer only for the following purposes:
  (1) Payment of a federally sponsored student loan.
  (2) Payment for the educational tuition, fees, room, and board of the
  volunteer to be paid by the Associate Director directly to an educational,
  technical, or vocational institution.
  (f) TIME LIMIT ON THE USE OF A VOUCHER- (1) A voucher provided under
  subsection (a) to a volunteer shall be used not later than the end of the
  10-year period beginning on the date the term of service of the volunteer
  is completed.
  (2) Paragraph (1) shall not apply if the Associate Director determines on
  an individual basis that a volunteer was unavoidably prevented from using
  a voucher during such time period.
  (g) EXCLUSION FROM GROSS INCOME- For purposes of section 61 of the Internal
  Revenue Code of 1986 (26 U.S.C. 61), any compensation received under this
  section shall not be considered as gross income of the volunteer receiving
  that compensation.
Subtitle B--Provision of Community Services under the Program
SEC. 111. ADMINISTRATION OF THE PROGRAM IN THE STATES.
  The Governor of each State shall designate an administrator who shall
  administer and supervise the operation of the Program in the State.
SEC. 112. DUTIES OF AN ADMINISTRATOR.
  (a) IN GENERAL- The administrator of each State shall--
  (1) prepare the State community service plan required by section 113;
  (2) identify eligible organizations for the placement of volunteers pursuant
  to subsection (b);
  (3) create a procedure for eligible organizations to apply for volunteers;
  (4) compile a listing of eligible organizations from which volunteers can
  select placements;
  (5) place volunteers with eligible organizations;
  (6) supervise volunteers who have been placed with eligible organizations;
  (7) publicize the program in the State; and
  (8) recruit volunteers for the Program.
  (b) SELECTION OF ELIGIBLE ORGANIZATIONS- In selecting eligible organizations
  (and community service projects sponsored by such organizations) for
  inclusion in the plan required by section 113, the administrator shall
  consider the types of community service described in section 104.
SEC. 113. STATE COMMUNITY SERVICE PLAN.
  (a) PLANS REQUIRED AS A CONDITION FOR GRANTS- To participate in the
  program, the administrator of the program in a State shall submit to
  the Associate Director on behalf of the State a State community service
  plan. The administrator shall submit the plan in such form and at such
  time as the Associate Director may require by rule.
  (b) CONTENT OF THE PLAN- Each plan submitted under subsection (a) shall
  include--
  (1) the procedure by which the administrator shall administer the Program
  in the State, including--
  (A) the types of community service projects available for volunteers;
  (B) the procedure for training, supervising, and organizing volunteers;
  (C) the procedure by which eligible organizations shall be selected; and
  (D) the procedure for placing volunteers with eligible organizations;
  (2) the proposed budget for the Program for the period covered by the plan;
  (3) the amount requested by the State to implement the Program;
  (4) assurances by the State that for the period covered by the plan--
  (A) the State will provide health insurance for each volunteer in the
  Program selected by the State under section 102(a); and
  (B) the State will pay costs of operation of administering program within the
  State specifically, but not limited to, the office of the administrator; and
  (5) such information as the Associate Director may require by rule.
  (c) PERIOD OF A PLAN- The plan shall be for such period as the Associate
  Director may require by rule.
  (d) PREPARATION OF A PLAN- In preparing a plan required under subsection
  (a), the administrator involved shall--
  (1) consult with State and local government officials, representatives of
  community service, business, and labor organizations, and other interested
  persons regarding the matters required by subsection (b) to be included
  in the plan; and
  (2) consider recommendations by eligible organizations and other persons
  for community service projects to be included in the Program.
  (e) REVIEW OF A PLAN- In reviewing a plan submitted under subsection (a),
  and to establish a priority ranking of the requests for grants presented
  in such plans, the Associate Director shall consider--
  (1) the relationship of the community service projects described in the
  plan to overall goal of increasing the participation of young people in
  community service;
  (2) the population, the relative per capita income, and the unemployment
  rates in the areas in which such projects will be carried out;
  (3) the importance of such project in relation to other projects which
  are in competition for the same funds; and
  (4) the prospects that the projects for which grants are sought will improve,
  on a continuing rather than a temporary basis, conditions in the areas in
  which such projects will be carried out.
  (f) REQUIREMENTS FOR APPROVAL- A plan submitted under subsection (a) may be
  approved only if the Associate Director determines, in its discretion, that--
  (1) the Program as proposed by the plan will be properly administered and
  supervised; and
  (2) the plan includes the matters required by subsection (b) to be included
  in the plan.
  (g) NOTIFICATION OF DISAPPROVAL- If a plan submitted under subsection (a),
  or any portion of such plan, is disapproved, the Associate Director shall--
  (1) notify the administrator involved in writing of the reasons for such
  disapproval; and
  (2) include in such notification such recommendations as the Associate
  Director considers appropriate.
SEC. 114. TRAINING.
  (a) TRAINING REQUIRED- Each State shall provide necessary training so that
  volunteers may safely and sucessfully perform community service assignments.
  (b) CONTENT OF TRAINING SESSION- Each training session described in
  subsection (a) shall--
  (1) orient volunteers to the nature, philosophy, and purpose of the program;
  (2) build an ethic of community service; and
  (3) train volunteers to effectively perform their assigned Program task
  by providing--
  (A) general training in citizenship and civic and community service; and
  (B) specialized training for the particular volunteer position for which
  each volunteer has been selected.
  (c) AGENCY OR ORGANIZATION TRAINING- In addition to the training described in
  subsection (a), each volunteer shall receive training from the sponsoring
  government agency or organization in skills relevant to the work to be
  conducted.
SEC. 115. GRANTS TO STATES TO IMPLEMENT THE PROGRAM.
  (a) GRANTS- The Associate Director shall--
  (1) receive and review State community service plans; and
  (2) make grants to eligible States to assist such States in implementing
  approved State community plans and in paying stipends under section 106.
  (b) LIMITATION- Funds appropriated for any fiscal year may not be provided
  under this Act to a State unless pursuant to an approved State community
  service plan.
SEC. 116. PREVENTION OF WORKER DISPLACEMENT.
  (a) IN GENERAL- In placing a volunteer with an eligible organization,
  the administrator involved shall take appropriate measures to assure that
  such placement shall not result in--
  (1) the displacement of any currently employed worker or position (including
  partial displacement such as a reduction in the hours of nonovertime work,
  wages, or employment benefits), or result in the impairment of existing
  contracts for services or collective bargaining agreements;
  (2) such volunteer filling a position with the organization when--
  (A) any other individual is on layoff from the same or any equivalent
  position with the organization; or
  (B) the employer has terminated the employment of any regular employee
  or otherwise reduced the workforce of such employer with the effect of
  filling the vacancy so created with such volunteer; or
  (3) any infringement of the opportunities of any currently employed
  individual for promotion.
  (b) ENFORCEMENT PROCEDURE- (1) Each State shall establish and maintain
  a procedure for resolving complaints by regular employees or their
  representatives that the placement of a volunteer violates any of the
  prohibitions described in subsection (a).
  (2) A decision of the State under such procedure may be appealed to the
  Associate Director for investigation and such action as the Associate
  Director may find necessary.
TITLE II--INTERNATIONAL VOLUNTARY SERVICE
SEC. 201. ONE YEAR PLACEMENT OF VOLUNTEERS WITH PRIVATE VOLUNTARY
ORGANIZATIONS.
  (a) TERM OF SERVICE- Subsection (g) of section 5 of the Peace Corps Act
  (22 U.S.C. 2504(g)) is amended by adding at the end the following:
  `(2) The term of service of a volunteer detailed, assigned, or otherwise
  made available to serve with a private voluntary organization shall
  be one year, and the volunteer may request the extension of such term
  for an additional year. The Director of the Peace Corps shall prescribe
  regulations specifying the time and procedure for making, and considering,
  a request for an extension.'.
  (b) REMOVAL OF PROVISOES- Such subsection is further amended--
  (1) by inserting `(1)' after `(g)';
  (2) by striking out `determine:' and all that follows through `this
  Act.' and inserting in lieu thereof `determine.'; and
  (3) by adding after paragraph (2), as added by subsection (a), the following:
  `(3) The President may assign not more than 200 volunteers to carry
  out secretarial or clerical duties on the staffs of the Peace Corps
  representatives abroad. Any volunteer so assigned shall continue to
  be entitled to the allowances, benefits, and privileges of volunteers
  authorized under or pursuant to this Act.'.
SEC. 202. EDUCATIONAL BENEFITS FOR VOLUNTEERS.
  (a) EDUCATIONAL BENEFITS AUTHORIZED- Section 5 of the Peace Corps Act
  (22 U.S.C. 2504) is amended by inserting after subsection (c) the following:
  `(d)(1) For each complete year of service performed by a volunteer under
  this Act, the President, acting through the Secretary of Education, shall
  pay not more than $6,700 of the principal and interest of educational
  loans incurred by the volunteer.
  `(2) The total amount of loan repayments made under paragraph (1) may not
  exceed $13,400.
  `(3) Payments under this subsection shall be in lieu of the cancellation of
  Perkins loans (direct loans to students in institutions of higher education)
  for service in the Peace Corps under section 465(a)(2)(E) of the Higher
  Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 1087ee(a)(2)(E)).'.
  (b) EFFECTIVE DATE- The amendment made by this section shall apply with
  respect to volunteers enrolled in the Peace Corps after the date of the
  enactment of this Act.
TITLE III--POLICE CORPS PROGRAM
SEC. 301. SHORT TITLE.
  This title may be cited as the `Police Corps Act'.
SEC. 302. PURPOSES.
  The purposes of this title are to--
  (1) address the very high level of violent crime and neighborhood
  deterioration afflicting communities throughout the Nation by substantially
  increasing the number of trained police on community patrol;
  (2) provide educational assistance to those students of ability, character,
  and dedication who possess a sincere interest in dedicating 4 years to
  public service and law enforcement; and
  (3) establish opportunities for meaningful community service in exchange
  for educational assistance.
SEC. 303. DEFINITIONS.
  For the purposes of this title:
  (1) The term `academic year' means a traditional academic year beginning
  in August or September and ending in the following May or June.
  (2) The term `dependent child' means a natural or adopted child or stepchild
  of a law enforcement officer who at the time of the officer's death--
  (A) was no more than 21 years old; or
  (B) if older than 21 years, was in fact dependent on the child's parents for
  at least one-half of the child's support (excluding educational expenses),
  as determined by the Director.
  (3) The term `Director' means the Director of the Office of the Police
  Corps appointed pursuant to section 304(b).
  (4) The term `educational expenses' means expenses (including the cost
  of tuition, fees, books, supplies, transportation, room and board and
  miscellaneous expenses) that are directly attributable to--
  (A) a course of education leading to the award of the baccalaureate
  degree; or
  (B) a course of graduate study following award of a baccalaureate degree.
  (5) The term `participant' means a participant in the Police Corps program
  selected pursuant to section 306.
  (6) The term `State' means a State of the United States, the District of
  Columbia, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, the Virgin Islands, American
  Samoa, Guam, and the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands.
  (7) The term `State Police Corps program' means a State police corps
  program approved under section 309.
SEC. 304. ESTABLISHMENT OF OFFICE OF THE POLICE CORPS.
  (a) ESTABLISHMENT- There is established in the Department of Justice, under
  the general authority of the Attorney General, an Office of the Police Corps.
  (b) APPOINTMENT OF DIRECTOR- The Office of the Police Corps shall be headed
  by a Director who shall be appointed by the President, by and with the
  advice and consent of the Senate.
  (c) RESPONSIBILITIES OF DIRECTOR- The Director shall be responsible for
  the administration of the Police Corps program pursuant to this Act and
  shall have authority to promulgate regulations to implement this Act.
SEC. 305. EDUCATIONAL ASSISTANCE.
  (a) IN GENERAL- (1) The Director is authorized to pay the educational
  expenses of a participant in a State Police Corps program, by--
  (A) entering into an agreement to repay, and repaying, an educational
  loan; and
  (B) entering into an agreement to repay, and repaying, a participant for
  educational expenses paid out of the participant's funds.
  (2) It is the intent of this Act that there shall be no more than 15,000
  participants in each graduating class. The Director shall approve State
  plans providing in the aggregate for such enrollment of applicants as shall
  assure, as nearly as possible, annual graduating classes of 15,000. In a
  year in which applications are received in a number greater than that which
  will produce, in the judgment of the Director, a graduating class of more
  than 15,000, the Director shall, in deciding which applications to grant,
  give preference to those who will be participating in State plans that
  provide law enforcement personnel to areas of greatest need.
  (3) Except for payments of interest on an educational loan, repayment
  under an agreement made pursuant to paragraph (1) shall be made following
  completion of a participant's course of educational study, Federal training,
  and service as required by this Act.
  (4) Repayment of an educational loan made pursuant to paragraph (1) may
  be made in the form of direct payment to a lender or reimbursement of a
  participant for payments made to a lender.
  (5) An educational loan that may be repaid under paragraph (1) is a loan
  made pursuant to or in connection with a Federal, State, local, or private
  loan or loan guarantee program designated by the Director and other loans
  that meet terms prescribed by the Director by regulation.
  (b) ADMISSION OF APPLICANTS- An applicant may be admitted into a State
  Police Corps program either before commencement of or during the applicant's
  course of educational study.
  (c) PAYMENT OF EDUCATIONAL EXPENSES- (1) The Director may agree to repay
  an educational loan and to reimburse a participant for expenditures made
  prior to or after the time that a participant applies for admission to a
  State Police Corps program.
  (2) The amounts of educational expenses that the Secretary may pay under
  this section are limited as follows:
  (A) The amount of educational expenses incurred by a participant to cover
  the cost of an academic year or calendar year of study that the Director
  may pay is limited to $5,616.
  (B) The amount of educational expenses incurred by a participant to cover
  the cost of undergraduate and graduate study is limited to $16,848 in the
  aggregate, regardless whether the time of study exceeds 4 years.
  (d) DIRECTOR'S OBLIGATION TO PAY- (1) The Director's obligation to pay
  a participant's educational expenses under this section shall be void,
  and the Director shall be entitled to recover from the participant the
  amount of any interest on an educational loan that the Director has paid,
  if the participant fails to complete satisfactorily--
  (A) the course of educational study undertaken by the participant;
  (B) Federal training as required by section 307; and
  (C) service required by section 3088,
unless the failure is the result of death or permanent physical or emotional
disability.
  (2) For the purpose of paragraph (1), a participant shall be deemed to
  have completed satisfactorily--
  (A) an educational course of study upon receipt of a baccalaureate degree (in
  the case of educational expenses incurred to cover the cost of undergraduate
  study) or the reward of credit to the participant for having completed one
  or more graduate courses (in the case of educational expenses incurred to
  cover the cost of graduate study);
  (B) Federal training upon certification by the Director of Training that
  the participant has met such performance standards as may be established
  pursuant to section 307(d); and
  (C) service on a police force upon completion of 4 years of service on the
  force without there having arisen sufficient cause for the participant's
  dismissal under the rules applicable to members of the police force of
  which the participant is a member.
  (3) As a condition to payment of educational expenses of a participant who
  fails to complete a course of educational study, training, or service as
  a result of permanent physical or emotional disability, the Director may
  require the participant to perform appropriate alternative community service.
  (e) DEPENDENT CHILD- A dependent child of a law enforcement officer--
  (1) who is a member of a State or local police force or is a Federal
  criminal investigator or uniformed police officer,
  (2) who is not a participant in the Police Corps program, but
  (3) who serves in a State for which the Director has approved a Police
  Corps plan, and
  (4) who is killed in the course of performing police duties,
shall be entitled to the educational assistance authorized in this
section. Such dependent child shall not incur any service obligation in
exchange for the educational assistance provided in this section.
  (f) GROSS INCOME- For purposes of section 61 of the Internal Revenue Code
  of 1986, a participant's or a dependent child's gross income shall not
  include any amount paid as educational assistance under this section or
  as a stipend under section 307.
SEC. 306. SELECTION OF PARTICIPANTS.
  (a) IN GENERAL- Participants in State Police Corps programs shall be
  selected on a competitive basis by each State under regulations prescribed
  by the Director.
  (b) SELECTION CRITERIA AND QUALIFICATIONS- (1) In order to participate in
  a State Police Corps program, a participant must--
  (A) be a citizen of the United States or an alien lawfully admitted for
  permanent residence in the United States;
  (B) meet the requirements for admission as a trainee of the State or local
  police force to which the participant will be assigned pursuant to section
  309(c)(5), including achievement of satisfactory scores on any applicable
  examination, except that failure to meet the age requirement for a trainee
  of the State police shall not disqualify the applicant if the applicant
  will be of sufficient age upon completing an undergraduate course of study;
  (C) possess the necessary mental and physical capabilities and emotional
  characteristics to discharge effectively the duties of a law enforcement
  officer;
  (D) be of good character and demonstrate sincere motivation and dedication
  to law enforcement and public service;
  (E) in the case of an undergraduate, agree in writing that the participant
  will complete an educational course of study leading to the award of a
  baccalaureate degree and will then accept an appointment and complete 4
  years of service as an officer in the State police or in a local police
  department within the State;
  (F) in the case of a participant desiring to undertake or continue graduate
  study, agree in writing that the participant will accept an appointment
  and complete 4 years of service as an officer in the State police or in a
  local police department within the State before undertaking or continuing
  graduate study;
  (G) contract, with the consent of the participant's parent or guardian if
  the participant is a minor, to serve for 4 years as an officer in the State
  police or in a local police department, if an appointment is offered; and
  (H) except as provided in paragraph (2), be without previous law enforcement
  experience.
  (2)(A) Until the date that is 5 years after the date of enactment of this
  Act, up to 10 percent of the applicants accepted into the Police Corps
  program may be persons who--
  (i) have had some law enforcement experience; and
  (ii) have demonstrated special leadership potential and dedication to
  law enforcement.
  (B)(i) The prior period of law enforcement of a participant selected
  pursuant to paragraph (2) shall not be counted toward satisfaction of
  the participant's 4-year service obligation under section 308, and such
  a participant shall be subject to the same benefits and obligations under
  this Act as other participants, including those stated in subsection (b)(1)
  (E) and (F).
  (ii) Clause (i) shall not be construed to preclude counting a participant's
  previous period of law enforcement experience for purposes other than
  satisfaction of the requirements of section 308, such as for purposes of
  determining such a participant's pay and other benefits, rank, and tenure.
  (c) RECRUITMENT OF MINORITIES- Each State participating in the Police Corps
  program shall make special efforts to seek and recruit applicants from among
  members of racial and ethnic groups whose representation on the police
  forces within the State is substantially less than in the population of
  the State as a whole. This subsection does not authorize an exception from
  the competitive standards for admission established pursuant to subsections
  (a) and (b).
  (d) ENROLLMENT OF APPLICANT- (1) An applicant shall be accepted into a
  State Police Corps program on the condition that the applicant will be
  matriculated in, or accepted for admission at, an institution of higher
  education (as described in the first sentence of section 1201(a) of the
  Higher Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 1141(a)))--
  (A) as a full-time student in an undergraduate program; or
  (B) for purposes of taking a graduate course.
  (2) If the applicant is not matriculated or accepted as set forth in
  paragraph (1), the applicant's acceptance in the program shall be revoked.
  (e) LEAVE OF ABSENCE- (1) A participant in a State Police Corps program who
  requests a leave of absence from educational study, training or service for
  a period not to exceed 1 year (or 18 months in the aggregate in the event
  of multiple requests) due to temporary physical or emotional disability
  shall be granted such leave of absence by the State.
  (2) A participant who requests a leave of absence from educational study,
  training or service for a period not to exceed 1 year (or 18 months in the
  aggregate in the event of multiple requests) for any reason other than those
  listed in paragraph (1) may be granted such leave of absence by the State.
  (3) If a participant who has taken a leave of absence pursuant to paragraph
  (1) or (2) fails or is unable to resume educational study, training, or
  service after the expiration of the leave of absence, the provision of
  section 305(c) shall apply.
  (f) IN-STATE TUITION- At least 50 percent of the applicants admitted to
  a State Police Corps program must qualify for and be obligated to pay no
  more than the in-State tuition rates at the institutions they attend.
SEC. 307. LAW ENFORCEMENT TRAINING.
  (a) IN GENERAL- (1) The Director shall establish up to 3 training centers
  to provide training to participants in State Police Corps programs.
  (2) The Director shall obtain the services of such military and civilian
  instructors and administrative and other employees as may be necessary
  to operate the training centers. The Director is authorized to enter into
  contracts with individuals, institutions of learning, and government agencies
  (including State and local police forces) to obtain the services of persons
  qualified to participate in and contribute to the training process.
  (3) The Director is authorized to enter into agreements with agencies of
  the Federal Government to utilize on a reimbursable basis space in Federal
  buildings and other resources.
  (4) The Director may authorize such expenditures as are necessary for
  the effective maintenance of the training centers, including purchases
  of supplies, uniforms, and educational materials, and the provision of
  subsistence, quarters, and medical care to participants.
  (b) TRAINING SESSIONS- A participant in a State Police Corps program
  shall attend two 8-week training sessions at a training center, at times
  determined by the Director.
  (c) COURSE OF TRAINING- The training sessions at training centers
  established under this section shall be designed to provide basic law
  enforcement training, including vigorous physical and mental training
  to teach participants self-discipline and organizational loyalty and to
  impart knowledge and understanding of legal processes and law enforcement.
  (d) EVALUATION OF PARTICIPANTS- A participant shall be evaluated during
  training for mental, physical, and emotional fitness, and shall be required
  to meet performance standards prescribed by the Director at the conclusion
  of each training session in order to remain in the Police Corps program.
  (e) STIPEND- The Director shall pay participants in training sessions a
  stipend of $180 a week during training.
  (f) FURTHER TRAINING- The 16 weeks of Federal training authorized in this
  section is intended to serve as basic law enforcement training but not to
  exclude further training of participants by the State and local authorities
  to which they will be assigned. Each State plan approved by the Director
  under section 309 shall include assurances that following completion of
  Federal training each participant shall receive appropriate individual
  training by the State or local authority to which the participant is
  assigned. The time spent by a participant in such additional training, but
  not the time spent in Federal training, shall be counted toward fulfillment
  of the participant's 4-year service obligation.
SEC. 308. SERVICE OBLIGATION.
  (a) SWEARING IN- Upon satisfactory completion of the Federal training
  program established in section 307 and meeting the requirements of the
  police force to which the participant is assigned, a participant shall
  be sworn in as a member of the police force to which the participant is
  assigned pursuant to the State Police Corps plan, and shall serve for 4
  years as a member of that police force.
  (b) RIGHTS AND RESPONSIBILITIES- A participant shall have all of the rights
  and responsibilities of and shall be subject to all rules and regulations
  applicable to other members of the police force of which the participant
  is a member, including those contained in applicable agreements with labor
  organizations and those provided by State and local law.
  (c) DISCIPLINE- If the police force of which the participant is a
  member subjects the participant to discipline such as would preclude
  the participant's completing 4 years of service, and result in denial of
  educational assistance under section 306, the Director may, upon a showing
  of good cause, permit the participant to complete the service obligation
  in an equivalent alternative law enforcement service and, upon satisfactory
  completion of that service, provide assistance pursuant to section 306.
SEC. 309. APPROVAL OF STATE PROGRAMS.
  (a) SUBMISSION OF STATE PLANS- To participate in the Police Corps program
  under this subpart, a State shall submit to the Director a plan for
  implementing a State Police Corps program for such State, in a manner
  consistent with the requirements set forth in this subpart.
  (b) APPROVAL OF STATE PLANS- The Director shall approve a State Police Corps
  plan that complies with the program requirements set forth in this section.
  (c) CONTENTS OF STATE PLANS- Each State Police Corps plan shall--
  (1) provide for the screening and selection of participants in accordance
  with the criteria set out in section 306;
  (2) state procedures governing the assignment of participants in the Police
  Corps program to State and local police forces (no more than 10 percent
  of all the participants assigned in each year by each State to be assigned
  to a statewide police force or forces);
  (3) provide that participants shall be assigned to those geographic areas
  in which--
  (A) there is the greatest need for additional law enforcement personnel; and
  (B) the participants will be used most effectively;
  (4) provide that to the extent consistent with paragraph (3), a participant
  shall be assigned to an area near the participant's home or such other
  place as the participant may request;
  (5) provide that to the extent feasible, a participant's assignment shall
  be made at the time the participant is accepted into the program, subject
  to change--
  (A) prior to commencement of a participant's fourth year of undergraduate
  study, under such circumstances as the plan may specify; and
  (B) from commencement of a participant's fourth year of undergraduate
  study until completion of 4 years of police service by participant, only
  for compelling reasons or to meet the needs of the State Police Corps
  program and only with the consent of the participant;
  (6) provide that no participant shall be assigned to serve with a local
  police force--
  (A) whose size has declined by more than 5 percent since June 21, 1989; or
  (B) which has members who have been laid off but not retired;
  (7) provide that participants shall be placed and to the extent feasible
  kept on community and preventive patrol;
  (8) assure that participants will receive affective training and leadership;
  (9) provide that the State may decline to offer a participant an appointment
  following completion of Federal training, or may remove a participant
  from the Police Corps program at any time, only for good cause (including
  failure to make satisfactory progress in a course of educational study)
  and after following reasonable review procedures stated in the plan; and
  (10) provide that a participant shall, while serving as a member of a police
  force, be compensated at the same rate of pay and benefits and enjoy the
  same rights under applicable agreements with labor organizations and under
  State and local law as other police officers of the same rank and tenure
  in the police force of which the participant is a member.
SEC. 310. REPORTS TO PRESIDENT AND CONGRESS.
  Not later than April 1 of each year, the Director shall submit a report
  to the President and to the Speaker of the House of Representatives and
  the President of the Senate. Such report shall--
  (1) state the number of current and past participants in the Police Corps
  program, broken down according to the levels of educational study in which
  they are engaged and years of service they have served on police forces
  (including service following completion of the 4-year service obligation);
  (2) describe the geographic dispersion of participants;
  (3) describe the structure and progress of the program; and
  (4) discuss the perceived strength and weakness of the program and any
  proposals for changes in the program.
TITLE IV--NONMILITARY EDUCATIONAL ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS
SEC. 401. DEFERMENT OF STUDENT LOANS DURING SERVICE.
  With respect to the deferral of loan repayments under parts B and E of
  title IV of the Higher Education Act of 1965, individuals who are serving
  in any of the voluntary programs established or amended under this Act
  shall be treated in the same manner as a volunteer under the Domestic
  Volunteer Service Act of 1973.
TITLE V--ALL-VOLUNTEER FORCE EDUCATIONAL ASSISTANCE PROGRAM
SEC. 501. MONTGOMERY GI BILL BENEFITS.
  (a) ACTIVE DUTY PROGRAM- Section 1415 of title 38, United States Code,
  is amended--
  (1) in subsection (a)(1), by striking out `$300' and inserting in lieu
  thereof `$468'; and
  (2) in subsection (b)(1), by striking out `$250' and inserting in lieu
  thereof `$325'.
  (b) SELECTED RESERVE PROGRAM- Section 2131(b) of title 10, United States
  Code, is amended by striking out `$140', `$105', and `$70' and inserting
  in lieu thereof `$182', `$136', and `$91', respectively.
TITLE VI--MISCELLANEOUS PROVISIONS
SEC. 601. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.
  There are authorized to be appropriated to the ACTION Agency, the Department
  of Education, the Peace Corps, the Department of Justice, the Department of
  Defense, and the Department of Veterans Affairs for fiscal years 1992 through
  1997, such sums as may be necessary to carry out the provisions of this Act.
SEC. 602. EFFECTIVE DATE.
  This Act shall take effect on the date of enactment.

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