Text: H.R.5932 — 101st Congress (1989-1990)All Information (Except Text)

Text available as:

Shown Here:
Placed on Calendar Senate

 
 
Calendar No. 1025
101st CONGRESS
2d Session
H. R. 5932
AN ACT
To promote excellence in American education by recognizing and rewarding
schools, teachers, and students for their outstanding achievements,
enhancing parental choice, encouraging the study of science, mathematics,
and engineering, and for other purposes.
October 26 (legislative day, OCTOBER 2), 1990
Received; read twice and placed on the calendar
HR 5932 PCS
Calendar No. 1025
101st CONGRESS
2d Session
 H. R. 5932
IN THE SENATE OF THE UNITED STATES
October 26 (legislative day, OCTOBER 2), 1990
Received; read twice and placed on the calendar
AN ACT
To promote excellence in American education by recognizing and rewarding
schools, teachers, and students for their outstanding achievements,
enhancing parental choice, encouraging the study of science, mathematics,
and engineering, and for other purposes.
  Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United
  States of America in Congress assembled,
SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE; TABLE OF CONTENTS.
  (a) SHORT TITLE- This Act may be cited as the `Educational Equity and
  Excellence Act of 1990'.
  (b) TABLE OF CONTENTS-
Sec. 1. Short title.
Sec. 2. Findings and purpose.
Sec. 3. Findings with respect to responsibilities of State and local
governments.
TITLE I--NATIONAL GOALS
Sec. 101. Purpose.
Sec. 102. Readiness.
Sec. 103. School completion.
Sec. 104. Student achievement.
Sec. 105. Mathematics and science.
Sec. 106. Family literacy and lifelong learning.
Sec. 107. Safe, disciplined, and drug-free schools.
Sec. 108. Teacher recruitment and retention.
Sec. 109. Equal opportunity for postsecondary education.
TITLE II--THE PRESIDENT'S EDUCATION PROGRAMS
Part A--Presidential Schools of Distinction
Sec. 211. Presidential Schools of Distinction
`Part F--Presidential Schools of Distinction
`Sec. 1411. Short title.
`Sec. 1412. Findings and purpose.
`Sec. 1413. Authorization of appropriations.
`Sec. 1414. Allocation of appropriations.
`Sec. 1415. State applications.
`Sec. 1416. State use of funds.
`Sec. 1417. State activities and responsibilities.
`Sec. 1418. Selection of Presidential Schools of Distinction.
`Sec. 1419. Presidential Certificates of Distinction and awards ceremony.
`Sec. 1420. Use of funds by Presidential Schools of Distinction.
`Sec. 1421. Prohibition on State or local reduction of other assistance.
`Sec. 1422. Evaluation.
`Sec. 1423. Definition.'.
Part B--Nontraditional Routes to Teacher Certification and Licensure
Sec. 221. Nontraditional routes to teacher certification and licensure.
`Part F--Alternative Routes to Teacher Certification and Licensure
`Sec. 581. Short title.
`Sec. 582. Findings.
`Sec. 583. Purpose.
`Sec. 584. Authorization of appropriations.
`Sec. 585. Allotments.
`Sec. 586. State applications.
`Sec. 587. Use of funds.
`Sec. 588. Definition.'.
Part C--Presidential Awards for Excellence in Education
Sec. 231. Presidential Awards for Excellence in Education program.
`Part D--Presidential Awards for Excellence in Education Program
`Sec. 2301. Findings and purpose.
`Sec. 2302. Allocation to States.
`Sec. 2303. State applications.
`Sec. 2304. Selection of award recipients.
`Sec. 2305. Amount and use of awards.
`Sec. 2306. Authorization of appropriations.'.
Part D--Historically Black Colleges and Universities
Sec. 241. Historically Black colleges and universities.
TITLE III--LITERACY
Sec. 301. Short title.
Sec. 302. Findings.
Sec. 303. Definition.
Part A--Literacy: Strategic Planning, Research, and Coordination
Sec. 311. Interagency Task Force on Literacy.
Sec. 312. Literacy related programs in the Department of Education.
Sec. 313. National Institute for Literacy.
Sec. 314. State literacy resource centers.
Part B--Workforce Literacy
Sec. 321. National Workforce Literacy Assistance Collaborative.
Sec. 322. Grants for national workforce literacy strategies.
Part C--Investment in Literacy
Sec. 331. Amendments to the Adult Education Act.
Sec. 332. Targeted assistance.
Sec. 333. Amendments to the Even Start program.
Sec. 334. Family literacy public broadcasting program.
Part D--Business Leadership for Employment Skills
Sec. 341. Education programs for commercial drivers.
Part E--Books for Families
Sec. 351. Inexpensive book distribution program.
Sec. 352. Library literacy programs.
Part F--Students for Literacy
Sec. 361. Student Literacy Corps
Part G--Volunteers for Literacy
Sec. 371. Literacy challenge grants.
Part H--Literacy for Incarcerated Individuals
Sec. 387. Mandatory education for incarcerated adults.
TITLE IV--TEACHER TRAINING
Sec. 401. Short title.
Sec. 402. Findings.
Part A--Perkins Loans and Douglas Teacher Scholarships
Sec. 411. Perkins loan cancellation.
Sec. 412. Douglas Teacher Scholarship authorization of appropriations.
Part B--Financial Assistance for Teacher Corps and for Other Institutional
Recruitment and Retention of Individuals Preparing to Enter the Teaching Force
Sec. 421. Purpose.
Sec. 422. General authority.
Sec. 423. Allocation of funds.
Sec. 424. Institution of higher education use of funds; applications and plans.
Sec. 425. Teacher Corps; scholarship program.
Sec. 426. Teacher Corps; scholarship conditions.
Sec. 427. Teacher Corps induction program; application and use of funds.
Sec. 428. Secretary's responsibilities.
Sec. 429. Reports and evaluation.
Sec. 430. Authorization of appropriations.
Part C--Academic Areas of National Importance
subpart 1--foreign languages
Sec. 431. Findings and statement of purpose.
Sec. 432. Star schools program application.
Sec. 433. Demonstration grants for critical language and area studies.
subpart 2--training and instructional materials
Sec. 436. Training of elementary and secondary school teachers.
Sec. 437. Development of foreign language and culture instructional materials.
Part D--National Foundation for Excellence
Sec. 441. Short title.
Sec. 442. Foundation authorized.
Sec. 443. National Foundation for Excellence Trust Fund.
Sec. 444. National Foundation for Excellence Board.
Sec. 445. Scholarships.
Sec. 446. Duration and relation to other assistance.
Sec. 447. Scholarship conditions.
Sec. 448. Teaching commitment.
Sec. 449. Scholarship repayment provisions.
Sec. 450. Authorization of appropriation.
Part E--National Writing Project
Sec. 451. National Writing Project.
Part F--Professional Development Academies
Sec. 461. Findings and purpose.
Sec. 462. Definition.
Sec. 463. Allocation of funds.
Sec. 464. Agreements and applications.
Sec. 465. Use of funds.
Sec. 466. National Professional Development Academies.
Sec. 467. Demonstration programs.
Sec. 468. Evaluation and studies.
Sec. 469. Authorization of appropriations.
Part G--National Board for Professional Teaching Standards
Sec. 471. Short title.
Sec. 472. Findings and purpose.
Sec. 473. Definitions.
Sec. 474. Program authorization.
Sec. 475. Consultation with the President's Education Policy Advisory
Committee.
Sec. 476. Authorized activities.
Sec. 477. Application.
Sec. 478. Federal share.
Sec. 479. Reports and auditing provision.
Sec. 480. Evaluation.
Sec. 481. Amendment to the General Education Provisions Act.
Sec. 482. Construction.
Sec. 483. Voluntary participation.
Part H--Miscellaneous Provisions
Sec. 491. Magnet schools.
Sec. 492. Educational progress.
Sec. 493. Amendment of James Madison Memorial Fellowship Act.
TITLE V--POSTSECONDARY EDUCATION PROVISIONS
Sec. 501. Pell Grant program amendment.
Sec. 502. Pell Grants.
Sec. 503. Modification to computation of contributions.
Sec. 504. Definition of independent student.
Sec. 505. Guaranty agency prohibition on the sale of certain Stafford student
loan lists.
Sec. 506. Guaranty agency use of State licensing board information.
Sec. 507. Credit bureau reporting.
Sec. 508. Disclosure obligation for SLS and PLUS loans; repayment period.
Sec. 509. Student mentor pilot program.
Sec. 510. Forms and regulations.
Sec. 511. Additional borrower information required.
Sec. 512. Eligibility for education programs.
Sec. 513. Suspension of eligibility for drug-related offenses.
Sec. 514. Toll-free consumer hotline.
Sec. 515. Tuition refunds.
Sec. 516. Clerical and technical amendments to the Higher Education Act
of 1965.
Sec. 517. Regulations for institutional disclosure of borrower records.
Sec. 518. Effective dates.
TITLE VI--MISCELLANEOUS
Part A--Law-Related Education
Sec. 611. Instruction on the history and principles of democracy in the
United States.
Sec. 612. Amendment to law-related education program.
Part B--Assessment
Sec. 621. National Summit Conference on Education.
Sec. 622. Demonstration projects for the development of exemplary and
innovative diagnostic and assessment systems and policies.
Sec. 623. National Center for Education Statistics.
Part C--Amendments to the General Education Provisions Act
Sec. 631. Responsibility of States to furnish information concerning uses
of Federal funds.
Sec. 632. Enforcement.
Part D--Amendments to Existing Programs
Sec. 641. Amendments to the Bilingual Education Act.
Sec. 642. Programs for improving educational performance.
Sec. 643. Drug abuse resistance education programs.
Sec. 644. Treatment of territories and freely associated States.
Part E--Planning Grants for Innovative Demonstration Projects and Research
Sec. 651. Grants to State and local educational agencies.
Sec. 652. Research and dissemination.
Sec. 653. Definition.
Sec. 654. Authorization of appropriations.
Part F--Educational Performance Agreements for School Restructuring
Sec. 661. Findings and purpose.
Sec. 662. Establishment of program for educational performance agreements
for school restructuring.
Sec. 663. State assurances and educational performance agreements.
Sec. 664. Local performance agreements.
Sec. 665. Local review and assessment.
Sec. 666. Evaluation and report to Congress.
Sec. 667. Assessment to assist Congress, States, and schools in improving
student performance.
Sec. 668. Definitions.
Part G--Definitions
Sec. 671. Definitions.
TITLE VII--NATIONAL SCIENCE SCHOLARS
Part A--National Science Scholars Program
Sec. 711. Purpose; appropriations authorized.
Sec. 712. Scholarships authorized.
Sec. 713. Selection of scholars.
Sec. 714. Eligibility of scholars.
Sec. 715. Scholarship amount.
Sec. 716. Summer employment opportunities for scholars.
Part B--Robert Noyce Scholarships
Sec. 721. Robert Noyce Scholarships.
Part C--Additional Provisions
Sec. 731. Effect of certain controlled substance and felony convictions.
Sec. 732. Report.
SEC. 2. FINDINGS AND PURPOSE.
  (a) FINDINGS- The Congress finds that--
  (1) historically equity and excellence have been the twin goals of American
  education;
  (2) belief in the ability of every child to succeed, if competently guided,
  and in the capability of every school to implant basic and higher order
  skills, if given the necessary resources, constitutes the foundation of
  the educational systems of the Nation;
  (3) the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965 was enacted to give
  meaning to these objectives;
  (4) successively, throughout the education continuum, new elements have
  been added to the process;
  (5) in the Augustus F. Hawkins-Robert T. Stafford Elementary and Secondary
  School Improvement Amendments of 1988, the various elements were combined
  into a framework that includes early childhood development programs,
  school readiness and completion programs, accountability for results,
  parental involvement, acquisition of critical skills, the concept of
  effective schools, and preparation for life after the age of compulsory
  school attendance;
  (6) the Congress concurs with the recent findings of the Commission on
  Excellence in Education that--
  (A) the educational foundations of the Nation are being eroded;
  (B) education is in crisis;
  (C) the United States is a nation at risk; and
  (D) education must be made a priority;
  (7) the United States, therefore, is challenged to--
  (A) fully implement proven, cost-effective programs;
  (B) vigorously enforce accountability requirements;
  (C) adequately fund school improvement; and
  (D) work cooperatively in a total, all-out mobilization;
  (8) the President and the Governors recently announced goals for education
  in the United States; and
  (9) the next step must be to agree upon a plan of specific action to
  achieve national goals in education.
  (b) PURPOSE- It is the purpose of this Act to coordinate the first steps
  that now must be taken by the Federal Government, in conjunction with
  others, and within the decade of the 1990s, to assure the achievement of
  national goals in education and to once again give the Nation preeminence
  in commerce, industry, and social and technological innovation.
SEC. 3. FINDINGS WITH RESPECT TO RESPONSIBILITIES OF STATE AND LOCAL
GOVERNMENTS.
  The Congress further finds that--
  (1) State and local governments bear the primary responsibility for
  educating children under their jurisdictions;
  (2) this Act identifies areas of national importance that traditionally
  have been assisted by the Federal Government;
  (3) there are other areas of education that are in need of assistance and
  that should receive attention from State and local governments; and
  (4) the Congress expects State and local governments to dedicate extra
  resources and attention to achieving the national goals in education
  described in section 2(a)(8).
TITLE I--NATIONAL GOALS
SEC. 101. PURPOSE.
  It is the purpose of this title to establish a plan of action for the
  initial steps that the Federal Government must take in order to assist
  State and local governments, organizations, and institutions in the joint
  effort of achieving the national education goals as outlined in this title.
SEC. 102. READINESS.
  (a) FINDINGS- The Congress finds that the Federal Government has a
  long-standing commitment to ensuring that all physically and economically
  disadvantaged children are ready and able to begin school by providing
  them with the same opportunities to develop physically and mentally as
  their more advantaged peers.
  (b) POLICY- It is the goal of the United States that, by the year 2000,
  all children in America will start school ready to learn. As part of the
  joint effort of Federal, State, and local governments, organizations,
  and institutions in achieving this goal, it is the policy of the Federal
  Government to take consistent steps--
  (1) to provide, by 1994, Head Start services to every eligible child who
  needs such services;
  (2) to provide, by 1995, sufficient funding for the special supplemental
  food program for women, infants, and children so that all potentially
  eligible women, infants, and children have access to the services provided
  by the program; and
  (3) to expand, by 1995, funding for Even Start to allow programs to reach
  all parts of the United States and to allow each State to fund a sufficient
  number of programs throughout the State so that approaches are available
  for local educational agencies, the State educational agency, and other
  organizations to adopt and implement.
SEC. 103. SCHOOL COMPLETION.
  (a) FINDINGS- The Congress finds that in order for the Nation to regain
  its economic competitiveness, each individual in the United States must
  be educated to his or her greatest potential and must be encouraged to
  finish secondary school.
  (b) POLICY- It is the goal of the United States that, by the year 2000, the
  high school graduation rate will increase to at least 90 percent. As part of
  the joint effort of Federal, State, and local governments, organizations,
  and institutions in achieving this goal, it is the policy of the Federal
  Government to take consistent steps--
  (1) to expand, by 1995, funding for secondary school dropout prevention and
  reentry programs and basic skills programs to allow programs to reach all
  parts of the United States and to allow each State to fund a sufficient
  number of programs throughout the State so that approaches are available
  for local educational agencies, the State educational agency, and other
  organizations to adopt and implement; and
  (2) to collect uniform, reliable data from the States with respect to
  school completion rates.
SEC. 104. STUDENT ACHIEVEMENT.
  (a) FINDINGS- The Congress finds that--
  (1) American students are falling behind students in other industrialized
  nations on tests measuring abilities in all academic subject areas; and
  (2) the United States, in seeking to increase student ability and
  achievement, has traditionally served special populations, such as
  disadvantaged individuals and individuals with disabilities.
  (b) POLICY- It is the goal of the United States that, by the year 2000,
  American students will leave grades 4, 8, and 12 having demonstrated
  competency over challenging subject matter including English, mathematics,
  science, foreign languages, history, and geography, and every school in
  America will ensure that all students learn to use their minds well, so
  they may be prepared for responsible citizenship, further learning, and
  productive employment in our modern economy. As part of the joint effort
  of Federal, State, and local governments, organizations, and institutions
  in achieving this goal, it is the policy of the Federal Government to take
  consistent steps--
  (1) to provide remedial assistance for all disadvantaged children in
  the United States by increasing the participation of eligible children
  in programs under chapter 1 of title I of the Elementary and Secondary
  Education Act of 1965 from approximately 50 percent of such children in
  the fiscal year 1990 to 100 percent of such children by the fiscal year 1993;
  (2) to fulfill, by the year 2000, the commitment made by the United
  States in 1975 to provide 40 percent of the costs of educating children
  with disabilities;
  (3) to reward successful programs in schools with concentrations of
  disadvantaged children; and
  (4) to promote efforts that encourage all students to be involved in
  activities that promote and demonstrate good citizenship, community service,
  and personal responsibility.
SEC. 105. MATHEMATICS AND SCIENCE.
  (a) FINDINGS- The Congress finds that--
  (1) students in the United States are falling behind students from other
  industrialized nations on tests measuring achievement in mathematics
  and science;
  (2) the Federal Government has a significant role in promoting the study of
  mathematics and science in elementary and secondary schools by providing
  financial assistance to local educational agencies to improve the general
  quality of programs for the study of mathematics and science; and
  (3) the Federal Government has indirectly assisted in the postsecondary study
  of mathematics and science by providing future scientists, mathematicians,
  and engineers with financial assistance to attend postsecondary institutions,
  but more incentives are needed to attract high-achieving students into
  these areas of study.
  (b) POLICY- It is the goal of the United States that, by the year 2000,
  United States students will be first in the world in mathematics and
  science achievement. As part of the joint effort of Federal, State, and
  local governments, organizations, and institutions in achieving this goal,
  it is the policy of the Federal Government to take consistent steps--
  (1) to, by the year 2000, expand funding for the Dwight D. Eisenhower
  Mathematics and Science Education Act so that all elementary teachers and
  all secondary teachers of mathematics and science will have an opportunity
  for updating and improving their mathematics and science education skills;
  (2) to, by 1995, expand funding for such Act so that all elementary school
  teachers have an opportunity for skill improvement; and
  (3) to award scholarships to high-achieving students to pursue the study
  of mathematics, science, and related subjects at postsecondary institutions.
SEC. 106. FAMILY LITERACY AND LIFELONG LEARNING.
  (a) FINDINGS- The Congress finds that--
  (1) nearly 30,000,000 adults in the United States are lacking literacy
  skills which limits their ability to read, write, or speak in English or
  to compute or solve problems effectively; and
  (2) the Federal Government has a responsibility to assist State and local
  governments in providing literacy services to those individuals in need
  of such services so that they may be full participants in society.
  (b) POLICY- It is the goal of the United States that, by the year 2000, every
  American will be literate and will possess the knowledge and skills necessary
  to compete in a global economy and exercise the rights and responsibilities
  of citizenship. As part of the joint effort of Federal, State, and local
  governments, organizations, and institutions in achieving this goal,
  it is the policy of the Federal Government to take consistent steps--
  (1) to provide increased funding for the Adult Education Act so that by
  the year 2000, all eligible individuals who seek such services under such
  Act will receive such services; and
  (2) to, by the year 2000, expand Federal assistance for literacy programs in
  order to assist State and local governments, public libraries, organizations
  and volunteers in providing all individuals lacking literacy skills the
  opportunity to acquire skills needed to function in society.
SEC. 107. SAFE, DISCIPLINED, AND DRUG-FREE SCHOOLS.
  (a) FINDINGS- The Congress finds that--
  (1) use of illicit drugs and alcohol by the youths of the Nation continues
  to be a major problem that threatens the safety of the children of the
  Nation and impedes their ability to succeed in school and in their lives; and
  (2) more Federal efforts are urgently needed in the areas of drug and
  alcohol abuse education and prevention.
  (b) POLICY- It is the goal of the United States that, by the year 2000,
  every school in America will be free of drugs and violence and will offer a
  disciplined environment conducive to learning. As part of the joint effort
  of Federal, State, and local governments, organizations, and institutions
  in achieving this goal, it is the policy of the Federal Government to take
  consistent steps to, by 1995, expand funding for the Drug Free Schools and
  Communities Act of 1986 in order to ensure that all students receive drug
  abuse prevention education and counseling services.
SEC. 108. TEACHER RECRUITMENT AND RETENTION.
  (a) FINDINGS- The Congress finds that--
  (1) the success of America's schools depends most heavily on the Nation's
  teachers;
  (2) when teachers have the necessary skills to be highly motivated and
  committed to excellence, they succeed in not only imparting subject matter
  knowledge, but also in instilling in their students an appreciation of
  the value and importance of education;
  (3) teachers are significant role models for our Nation's diverse student
  population; and
  (4) teachers, and a diverse teaching faculty, are instrumental in the
  education of the children of the United States and are key to achieving
  the national education goals described in section 2(a)(8).
  (b) POLICY- It is the goal of the United States, that by the year 2000,
  there will be a well qualified and diverse teaching faculty in every
  school in the Nation. As part of the joint effort of Federal, State, and
  local governments, organizations, and institutions in achieving this goal,
  it is the policy of the Federal Government to take consistent steps--
  (1) to, by the year 2000, eliminate nationally identified areas of teacher
  shortages by assuring access to high quality education and training to
  individuals desiring to pursue a career in the teaching profession; and
  (2) to expand Federal assistance for teacher training and other professional
  development programs in order to improve the skills of the teaching force
  and enhance the retention of well-qualified professionals in the classroom.
SEC. 109. EQUAL OPPORTUNITY FOR POSTSECONDARY EDUCATION.
  (a) FINDINGS- The Congress finds that--
  (1) it is essential to the economic well-being of the United States that
  all Americans be educated to their fullest potential;
  (2) to bring this about, it is necessary to increase college participation
  by all Americans, especially minorities, and to reduce the imbalance between
  grants and loans in financing a college education, so that all Americans
  with the desire and the ability have an equal opportunity to participate
  in postsecondary education and training, from the undergraduate to the
  postgraduate level, by the year 2000.
  (b) POLICY- It is the goal of the United States that, by the year 2000,
  no qualified student shall be denied the opportunity for postsecondary
  education because of financial or other barriers. As part of the joint effort
  of Federal, State, and local governments, organizations, and institutions
  in achieving this goal, it is the policy of the Federal Government to take
  consistent steps--
  (1) to increase the participation of low-income, first-generation-in-college,
  and minority students in postsecondary education;
  (2) to expand college assistance to middle income families;
  (3) to reduce the reliance on loans as the principal means of financing
  postsecondary education for students and their parents by increasing the
  annual appropriations for the Pell Grant program under title IV of the
  Higher Education Act of 1965 by at least 10 percent above the school year
  1991-1992 maximum award of $3,100 through the year 2000; and
  (4) to enhance the capacity of postsecondary institutions to recruit and
  retain low-income, first-generation-in-college, and minority students,
  including graduate students, and to provide those students with a quality
  education, by increasing the annual appropriations for the TRIO programs
  under title IV of the Higher Education Act of 1965 by at least 25 percent
  per year until the year 2000 to expand the percentage of eligible students
  served and to more effectively serve the students receiving services from
  these programs.
TITLE II--THE PRESIDENT'S EDUCATION PROGRAMS
PART A--PRESIDENTIAL SCHOOLS OF DISTINCTION
SEC. 211. PRESIDENTIAL SCHOOLS OF DISTINCTION.
  Chapter 1 of title I of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965
  (20 U.S.C. 2701 et seq.) is amended--
  (1) by redesignating part F as part G; and
  (2) by inserting after part E the following:
`Part F--Presidential Schools of Distinction
`SEC. 1411. SHORT TITLE.
  `This part may be cited as the `Presidential Schools of Distinction Act'.
`SEC. 1412. FINDINGS AND PURPOSE.
  `(a) FINDINGS- The Congress finds that--
  `(1) the basic goal of all schools is to develop the skills and abilities
  of students to their maximum potential;
  `(2) achievable standards of excellence can and should be set for all
  students and for all schools;
  `(3) financial incentives can spur schools to rise to the challenge of
  meeting these standards; and
  `(4) improvement in the quality of our educational system is vital to
  the Nation's future, and demonstrated schoolwide progress in achieving
  excellence deserves public recognition.
  `(b) PURPOSE- The purpose of this part is to recognize and reward public
  and private elementary and secondary schools that have made substantial
  progress in--
  `(1) raising student educational achievement;
  `(2) creating a safe and drug-free school environment; and
  `(3) reducing the dropout rate.
`SEC. 1413. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.
  `(a) GENERAL AUTHORITY- Except as provided in subsection (b), there are
  authorized to be appropriated for the purpose of carrying out this part
  $175,000,000 for the fiscal year 1991, and such sums as may be necessary
  for each of the fiscal years 1992 and 1993.
  `(b) MINIMUM APPROPRIATIONS FOR CHAPTER 1 PROGRAMS- Subsection (a) shall
  not apply with respect to any fiscal year unless amounts appropriated in
  such fiscal year for the purpose of carrying out parts A, B, D, E, and F
  of chapter 1 of title I exceed $5,600,000,000.
`SEC. 1414. ALLOCATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.
  `(a) RESERVATIONS- (1) the Secretary may reserve up to  1/4  of 1 percent
  of the amount appropriated under section 1413 for any fiscal year for
  grants to Guam, American Samoa, the Virgin Islands, the Commonwealth of
  the Northern Mariana Islands, Palau (until the Compact of Free Association
  with Palau takes effect pursuant to section 101(a) of Public Law 99-658),
  and the Secretary of the Interior for activities under this part.
  `(2)(A) Subject to subparagraph (B), from the amount appropriated under
  section 1413, the Secretary may reserve up to  1/4  of 1 percent for
  evaluations, studies, reports, and other activities the Secretary considers
  appropriate.
  `(B) The amount reserved under subparagraph (A) may not exceed $500,000.
  `(b) ALLOCATION AMONG STATES- (1) The amount remaining after any reservation
  of funds under subsection (a) shall be allocated among the States on the
  same basis as funds are allocated among the States under section 1005 for
  the same fiscal year.
  `(2) For purposes of this subsection, the term `State' means each of the
  50 States, the District of Columbia, and the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico.
`SEC. 1415. STATE APPLICATIONS.
  `(a) 3-YEAR APPLICATION- Each State that wishes to receive a grant under this
  part shall submit to the Secretary, through its State educational agency,
  an application for a 3-year period, at such time and in such manner as
  the Secretary may prescribe.
  `(b) APPLICATION CONTENTS- Each State application shall contain--
  `(1) the criteria the State educational agency will use to select
  Presidential Schools of Distinction under section 1418;
  `(2) the criteria it will use to determine the amount of awards;
  `(3) an assurance that it will carry out this part in accordance with the
  requirements of this part and other applicable legal requirements; and
  `(4) such other information as the Secretary may require.
  `(c) GEPA PROVISIONS INAPPLICABLE- Sections 435 and 436 of the General
  Education Provisions Act, except to the extent that such sections relate to
  fiscal control and fund accounting procedures, shall not apply to this part.
`SEC. 1416. STATE USE OF FUNDS.
  `(a) ADMINISTRATION- Each State educational agency may use up to 4 percent
  of its grant for the administrative costs of carrying out this part.
  `(b) PRESIDENTIAL SCHOOL OF EXCELLENCE AWARDS- Each State educational
  agency shall use at least 96 percent of its grant for Presidential School
  of Distinction Awards made in accordance with section 1418.
  `(c) INSULAR AREAS- The provisions of Public Law 95-134, permitting the
  consolidation of grants to the Insular Areas, shall not apply to funds
  received by such Areas under this part.
`SEC. 1417. STATE ACTIVITIES AND RESPONSIBILITIES.
  `(a) STATE REVIEW PANEL- (1) Each State educational agency shall establish
  a State review panel to assist in the selection of Presidential Schools
  of Distinction.
  `(2) The State review panel shall be broadly representative of--
  `(A) elementary and secondary school teachers and administrators, including
  teachers who provide services under programs receiving assistance under
  this chapter;
  `(B) college and university faculty and administrators;
  `(C) parents, including parents of children being served by programs
  receiving assistance under this chapter;
  `(D) State and local boards of education;
  `(E) State and local governments;
  `(F) labor;
  `(G) business; and
  `(H) the general public.
  `(b) ANNUAL REPORTS TO THE SECRETARY- (1) Within 60 days of making
  Presidential School of Distinction Awards under this part for any fiscal
  year, each State educational agency shall submit a report to the Secretary
  that--
  `(A) identifies the schools chosen as Presidential Schools of Distinction;
  `(B) states the reasons for their selection; and
  `(C) states the amount of their awards.
  `(2) Beginning with the second year for which any State educational agency
  receives funds under this part, its annual report shall also include a brief
  description of how schools selected in the previous year used their awards.
`SEC. 1418. SELECTION OF PRESIDENTIAL SCHOOLS OF DISTINCTION.
  `(a) ELIGIBLE SCHOOLS- A State educational agency may designate as a
  Presidential School of Distinction any public or private elementary or
  secondary school in the State--
  `(1) whose students are receiving services under chapter 1 of title I; and
  `(2) that has been nominated through procedures established by such agency.
  `(b) CRITERIA ESTABLISHED BY SECRETARY- (1) The Secretary shall establish
  minimum criteria to be used by every State educational agency in selecting
  Presidential Schools of Distinction.
  `(2) The criteria established by the Secretary shall address--
  `(A) with respect to children being served under chapter 1 of title I,
  aggregate performance as assessed by objective measures and standards of
  program improvement evaluation and review under sections 1019 and 1021;
  `(B) with respect to all children being served by a school, progress in
  improving educational performance, with particular emphasis on mastery of
  reading, writing, and mathematics skills;
  `(C) the degree to which the school demonstrates progress in achieving
  and maintaining a safe environment, including reduction or elimination of
  problems related to drug and alcohol use; and
  `(D) with respect to secondary schools, progress in reducing the number
  of students who drop out of school or in encouraging students who have
  dropped out to reenter school and complete their schooling.
  `(c) STATE CRITERIA- (1) Based on the selection criteria established by the
  Secretary under subsection (b), each State educational agency shall establish
  additional selection criteria that measure progress in such areas as--
  `(A) student achievement, as measured by such factors as--
  `(i) year-to-year improvement in test scores; and
  `(ii) with respect to secondary schools--
  `(I) college entrance rates; and
  `(II) employment of graduates in jobs with significant potential for career
  development; and
  `(B) other indicators of a school's success, such as improvements in--
  `(i) school leadership;
  `(ii) the teaching and learning environment; and
  `(iii) parental and community support and involvement.
  `(2) In setting criteria for Presidential Schools of Distinction, the
  State educational agency shall establish standards that recognize the
  composition of the student body and other relevant factors, and that give
  special consideration to schools with substantial numbers of proportions
  of children from low-income families. The State educational agency may
  also set different criteria for different grade levels.
  `(3) In applying the criteria to a school in which a program is conducted
  under part A of chapter 1 of title I of this Act, the State educational
  agency shall consider the desired outcomes identified for children in
  the application submitted under section 1012(b) of this Act by the local
  educational agency operating the school. No school that a local educational
  agency has identified under section 1021(b) of this Act shall be eligible
  for a Presidential School of Distinction Award until such time as the school
  has demonstrated progress in complying with the provisions of the State
  or local improvement plan set forth under section 1020 or 1021 of this Act.
  `(4) In selecting Presidential Schools of Distinction and in setting the
  amount of their awards, the State educational agency may not consider a
  school's planned use of a Presidential School of Distinction award.
  `(5) To the extent consistent with other provisions of this part, each
  State educational agency shall apply uniform selection criteria in selecting
  Presidential Schools of Distinction.
  `(6) Any local educational agency that has jurisdiction over a school
  designated as a Presidential School of Distinction under subsection (a)
  shall implement the provisions of section 1013(c)(2) with respect to
  children attending such school if the provisions of such section are
  otherwise applicable.
  `(d) AMOUNT OF AWARD- Each State educational agency shall establish
  criteria, subject to subsection (c)(4), including criteria relating to
  the size of the school and the economic circumstances of the student body,
  for determining the amount of Presidential School of Distinction Awards.
  `(e) BYPASS- If a State educational agency is either prohibited by State
  law from providing funds made available under this part to private schools,
  or is unwilling to do so, it shall notify the Secretary of such prohibition
  or unwillingness, as well as the private schools it has designated as
  Presidential Schools of Distinction and the amount of their awards. The
  Secretary shall then provide those funds, from the State's allocation under
  this part, to the designated private schools, through such arrangements
  as the Secretary finds suitable. The Secretary shall also withhold from
  the State's allocation under this part the administrative costs of making
  such arrangements.
`SEC. 1419. PRESIDENTIAL CERTIFICATES OF DISTINCTION AND AWARDS CEREMONY.
  `(a) PRESIDENTIAL CERTIFICATES OF DISTINCTION- Each Presidential School
  of Distinction shall be awarded a Presidential Certificate of Distinction.
  `(b) AWARDS CEREMONY- The Secretary is authorized to accept gifts to
  pay the costs of conducting awards ceremonies for Presidential Schools
  of Distinction.
`SEC. 1420. USE OF FUNDS BY PRESIDENTIAL SCHOOLS OF DISTINCTION.
  `(a) GENERAL AUTHORITY- (1) A Presidential School of Distinction other
  than a private school shall use its Presidential School of Distinction
  Award for activities that further the educational program of the school
  in order to further student achievement. Such activities may only include--
  `(A) development, implementation, or expansion of special programs, such
  as those focused on: dropout prevention or reentry, student transition to
  college or employment, preschool children, remedial services, or gifted
  and talented students;
  `(B) the purchase or lease of computers, telecommunications equipment,
  scientific instruments, instructional materials, library books, and other
  equipment and materials, except that a public agency shall have title to,
  and exercise administrative control of, all such equipment and materials;
  `(C) bonus payments for teachers and teacher aides;
  `(D) school based management/shared decision making;
  `(E) parental involvement activities;
  `(F) community outreach activities; or
  `(G) professional development for teachers and teacher aides.
  `(2) A Presidential School of Distinction Award may not be used for
  construction costs, general expenses, salaries, bonuses, or other
  administrative expenses.
  `(b) PRIVATE SCHOOL PARTICIPATION- In the case of a private school that is
  designated as a Presidential School of Distinction, the monetary award shall
  be allotted to the local educational agency that provides services under
  chapter 1 of title I to the children from the private school that qualify for
  such services. The local educational agency, after consultation with private
  school officials, shall use the award to improve services provided under
  chapter 1 of title I to such children or for capital expenses as set forth
  in section 1017(d) of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965.
`SEC. 1421. PROHIBITION ON STATE OR LOCAL REDUCTION OF OTHER ASSISTANCE.
  `No Federal, State, or local agency may, in any year, take a Presidential
  School of Distinction award into account in determining whether to
  award any other assistance from Federal, State, or local resources, or
  in determining the amount of such assistance, to either the Presidential
  School of Distinction or the local educational agency that has jurisdiction
  over such school.
`SEC. 1422. EVALUATION.
  `(a) IN GENERAL- The Secretary shall conduct a biennial evaluation of
  Presidential Schools of Distinction.
  `(b) NATIONAL DIFFUSION NETWORK- The Secretary shall submit information
  on successful Presidential Schools of Distinction programs to the National
  Diffusion Network for possible dissemination.
`SEC. 1423. DEFINITION.
  `(a) IN GENERAL- As used in this part the term `school based
  management/shared decision making' means a process by which a team of
  individuals is formed at a school site to make decisions regarding
  the management of the school. Such a team may include teachers, the
  school principal, other school administrators, parents, and community
  representatives.
  `(b) RESPONSIBILITIES- The school based management/shared decision making
  team is responsible for decisions which affect the school and classroom
  environment. Such decisions may include decisions regarding--
  `(1) curriculum and instruction priorities which meet priorities and goals
  of the local educational agency, including materials and activities,
  organization, and evaluation and assessment, while taking into account
  the special needs of students;
  `(2) student grouping, promotion, and tracking;
  `(3) school rules and discipline policies;
  `(4) the scheduling and structure of the school day;
  `(5) the school environment;
  `(6) the physical structure of school facilities;
  `(7) the administrative structure of the school;
  `(8) the use of funds available to the school;
  `(9) hiring and evaluation of teachers and administrators;
  `(10) professional development programs which will meet faculty needs; and
  `(11) relationships with parents and community.'.
PART B--NONTRADITIONAL ROUTES TO TEACHER CERTIFICATION AND LICENSURE
SEC. 221. NONTRADITIONAL ROUTES TO TEACHER CERTIFICATION AND LICENSURE.
  (a) IN GENERAL- Title V of the Higher Education Act of 1965 is amended by
  adding at the end the following new part:
`Part F--Alternative Routes to Teacher Certification and Licensure
`SEC. 581. SHORT TITLE.
  `This part may be cited as the `Alternative Routes to Teacher Certification
  and Licensure Act of 1990'.
`SEC. 582. FINDINGS.
  `The Congress finds that--
  `(1) effective elementary and secondary schools require competent teachers
  and strong leadership;
  `(2) school systems would benefit greatly by increasing the pool of
  qualified individuals from which to recruit teachers;
  `(3) many talented professionals who have demonstrated a high level of
  subject area competence outside the education profession may wish to
  pursue careers in education, but have not fulfilled the requirements to
  be certified or licensed as teachers;
  `(4) alternative routes can enable qualified individuals to fulfill State
  certification or licensure requirements and would allow school systems to
  utilize the expertise of such professionals and improve the pool of qualified
  individuals available to local educational agencies as teachers; and
  `(5) alternative routes to certification or licensure requirements that
  do not exclude qualified individuals from teaching solely because such
  individuals do not meet traditional certification or licensure requirements
  would allow school systems to take advantage of these professionals and
  improve the supply of well-qualified teachers.
`SEC. 583. PURPOSE.
  `It is the purpose of this part to improve the supply of well-qualified
  elementary and secondary school teachers by encouraging and assisting
  States to develop and implement programs for alternative routes to teacher
  certification or licensure requirements. Such programs shall place special
  emphasis on the participation of individuals who are members of minority
  groups.
`SEC. 584. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.
  `There are authorized to be appropriated for the purpose of carrying out
  this part $15,000,000 for the fiscal year 1991.
`SEC. 585. ALLOTMENTS.
  `(a) IN GENERAL- (1) From the amount appropriated to carry out this part,
  the Secretary shall allot to each State the lesser of either the amount
  the State applies for under section 4907 or an amount that is proportional
  to the State's share of the total population of children ages five through
  seventeen in all the States (based on the most recent data available that
  is satisfactory to the Secretary).
  `(2) If a State does not apply for its allotment, or the full amount of
  its allotment, under the preceding paragraph, the Secretary may reallocate
  the excess funds to one or more other States that demonstrate, to the
  satisfaction of the Secretary, a current need for the funds.
  `(b) SPECIAL RULE- Notwithstanding section 412(b) of the General Education
  Provisions Act, funds awarded under this part shall remain available for
  obligation by a recipient for a period of two calendar years from the date
  of the grant.
`SEC. 586. STATE APPLICATIONS.
  `(a) IN GENERAL- Any State desiring to receive a grant under this part shall,
  through the State educational agency, submit an application at such time,
  in such manner, and containing such information, as the Secretary may
  reasonably require.
  `(b) REQUIREMENTS- Each application shall--
  `(1) describe the programs, projects, and activities to be undertaken; and
  `(2) contain such assurances as the Secretary considers necessary, including
  assurances that--
  `(A) assistance provided to the State educational agency under this part
  will be used to supplement, and not to supplant, any State or local funds
  available for the development and implementation of programs to provide
  alternative routes to fulfilling teacher certification or licensure
  requirements;
  `(B) the State educational agency has, in developing and designing the
  application, consulted with--
  `(i) representatives of local educational agencies, including superintendents
  and school board members, including representatives of their professional
  organizations where applicable;
  `(ii) elementary and secondary school teachers, including representatives
  of their professional organizations;
  `(iii) parents; and
  `(iv) other interested organizations and individuals; and
  `(C) the State educational agency will submit to the Secretary, at
  such time as the Secretary may specify, a final report describing the
  activities carried out with assistance provided under this part and the
  results achieved.
  `(c) GEPA PROVISIONS INAPPLICABLE- Sections 435 and 436 of the General
  Education Provisions Act, except to the extent that such sections relate to
  fiscal control and fund accounting procedures, shall not apply to this part.
`SEC. 587. USE OF FUNDS.
  `(a) IN GENERAL- (1) A State educational agency shall use assistance
  provided under this part to support programs, projects, or activities
  that develop and implement new, or expand and improve existing, programs
  that provide teacher training to individuals who are moving to a career in
  education from another occupation through an alternative route to teacher
  certification or licensure.
  `(2) A State educational agency may carry out such programs, projects,
  or activities directly, through contracts, or through grants to local
  educational agencies, intermediate educational agencies, institutions of
  higher education, or consortia of such agencies.
  `(b) USES OF FUNDS- Funds received under this part may be used for--
  `(1) the design, development, implementation, and evaluation of programs
  that enable qualified professionals who have demonstrated a high level of
  subject area competence outside the education profession and are interested
  in entering the education profession to fulfill State certification or
  licensure requirements;
  `(2) the establishment of administrative structures necessary for the
  development and implementation of programs to provide alternative routes
  to fulfilling State requirements for certification or licensure;
  `(3) training of staff, including the development of appropriate support
  programs, such as mentor programs, for teachers entering the school system
  through alternative routes to teacher certification or licensure;
  `(4) the development of recruitment strategies;
  `(5) the development of reciprocity agreements between or among States
  for the certification or licensure of teachers; and
  `(6) other appropriate programs, projects, and activities designed to meet
  the objectives of this part.
`SEC. 588. DEFINITION.
  `For purposes of this part, the term `State' means each of the 50 States,
  the District of Columbia, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, the Virgin
  Islands, Guam, American Samoa, the Northern Mariana Islands, and Palau
  (until the Compact of Free Association with Palau takes effect pursuant
  to section 101(a) of Public Law 99-658).'.
  (b) EXPIRATION DATE- Effective July 1, 1993, the Alternative Routes to
  Teacher Certification and Licensure Act of 1990 (as contained in part F
  of title V of the Higher Education Act of 1965) is repealed.
PART C--PRESIDENTIAL AWARDS FOR EXCELLENCE IN EDUCATION
SEC. 231. PRESIDENTIAL AWARDS FOR EXCELLENCE IN EDUCATION PROGRAM.
  (a) TECHNICAL AMENDMENT- The heading for title II of the Elementary and
  Secondary Education Act of 1965 is amended to read as follows:
`TITLE II--CRITICAL SKILLS IMPROVEMENT AND PRESIDENTIAL TEACHER AWARDS'.
  (b) PRESIDENTIAL TEACHER AWARDS FOR EXCELLENCE IN EDUCATION- Title II
  of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 2982 et
  seq.) is further amended by adding at the end the following:
`Part D--Presidential Awards for Excellence in Education Program
`SEC. 2301. FINDINGS AND PURPOSE.
  `(a) FINDINGS- The Congress finds that--
  `(1) the success of America's elementary and secondary schools depends
  most heavily upon the Nation's teachers;
  `(2) when teachers are highly motivated and committed to excellence,
  they succeed not only in imparting subject matter knowledge, but also in
  instilling in their students an appreciation of the value and importance
  of education;
  `(3) elementary and secondary school systems should have in place standards
  of teacher excellence and fair and effective procedures for measuring
  teacher success; and
  `(4) in return for their efforts, excellent elementary and secondary
  school teachers deserve public recognition, respect, and appropriate
  financial awards.
  `(b) PURPOSE- It is the purpose of this part to reward teachers in every
  State who meet the highest standards of excellence.
`SEC. 2302. ALLOCATION TO STATES.
  `(a) ALLOCATION FORMULA- From the funds appropriated under section 2306,
  the Secretary shall--
  `(1) first allot to the Secretary of the Interior an appropriate amount
  for purposes of making awards under this part to teachers in elementary
  and secondary schools for Indian children operated with Federal assistance
  or operated by the Department of the Interior; and
  `(2) from the remaining amount--
  `(A) allocate 50 percent among the States in an amount which bears the same
  ratio to such amount as the number of children aged 5 to 17, inclusive, in
  the State bears to the number of such children in all such States, according
  to the most recent available data that are satisfactory to the Secretary; and
  `(B) allocate 50 percent among the States on the same basis as funds are
  allocated among such States under section 1005 for the same fiscal year.
  `(b) ADMINISTRATIVE EXPENSES- Each State may reserve up to 4 percent of
  its allocation under subsection (b) for administrative expenses, including
  the cost of convening the panel described in section 2304(c).
  `(c) STATE DEFINED- For the purposes of this part, the term `State'
  means each of the 50 States, the District of Columbia, the Commonwealth
  of Puerto Rico, the Virgin Islands, Guam, American Samoa, the Northern
  Mariana Islands, and Palau (until the Compact of Free Association with
  Palau takes effect pursuant to section 101(a) of Public Law 99-658).
  `(d) INSULAR AREAS- The provisions of Public Law 93-134, permitting the
  consolidation of grants to the Insular Areas, shall not apply to funds
  allocated under this part.
`SEC. 2303. STATE APPLICATIONS.
  `(a) SUBMISSION OF STATE APPLICATIONS- The Secretary is authorized to
  make grants to States in accordance with the provisions of this part. In
  order to receive a grant under this part, the State educational agency
  shall submit an application to the Secretary. Such application shall be
  filed at such time, in such manner, and containing such information as
  the Secretary may reasonably require.
  `(b) DESCRIPTION OF STATE CRITERIA AND PROCEDURES- The application shall
  contain a description of the criteria and procedures the State educational
  agency will use to select recipients of Presidential Awards for Excellence
  in Education. Such criteria and procedures shall be subject to the approval
  of the Secretary.
  `(c) ASSURANCES- The application shall contain assurances that--
  `(1) Presidential Awards for Excellence in Education will be made in
  accordance with the provisions of this part;
  `(2) the State educational agency will provide such fiscal control and
  fund accounting procedures as the Secretary may require;
  `(3) the State educational agency will apply the selection criteria uniformly
  to nominations for recipients of Presidential Awards for Excellence in
  Education that are received from public and private schools, teachers,
  associations of teachers, parents, associations of parents and teachers,
  businesses, business groups, or student groups, as well as those received
  from local educational agencies; and
  `(4) to the extent practicable, the State educational agency will use
  existing procedures for programs of recognition and awards to teachers.
`SEC. 2304. SELECTION OF AWARD RECIPIENTS.
  `(a) ELIGIBLE RECIPIENTS- Any full-time public or private elementary or
  secondary school teacher that teaches any subject other than religion
  (other than religion as an academic discipline), shall be eligible to
  receive an award under this part.
  `(b) NOMINATIONS- (1) Local educational agencies, public and private schools,
  teachers, parents, associations of teachers, associations of parents and
  teachers, businesses, business groups, and student groups may nominate
  teachers for awards under this part.
  `(2) Annually, the State educational agency shall notify local educational
  agencies, public and private schools, associations of teachers, associations
  of parents and teachers, business groups, and the general public of the
  deadlines and procedures for making nominations, and inform them of the
  selection criteria that will be used in selecting award recipients.
  `(c) SELECTION BY STATE PANEL- Selection of award recipients in each State
  shall be made from among the teachers nominated in accordance with subsection
  (b). Award recipients shall be selected by a panel that is chosen by the
  State educational agency and is composed of members representing parents,
  school administrators, teachers, school board members, and the business
  community.
  `(d) SELECTION CRITERIA- The State panel shall select award recipients
  in accordance with the criteria approved by the Secretary in the State's
  application. Such selection criteria may include an educator's success in--
  `(1) educating at-risk students, such as educationally or economically
  disadvantaged, handicapped, limited English proficient, homeless children,
  or the children of migrant agricultural workers to their fullest potential;
  `(2) educating gifted and talented students to their fullest potential;
  `(3) encouraging students to enroll, and succeed, in advanced classes in
  subjects such as mathematics, science, and foreign languages;
  `(4) teaching in schools educating large numbers of `at-risk' students,
  including schools in low-income inner-city or rural areas;
  `(5) introducing a new curriculum area into a school or strengthening an
  established curriculum;
  `(6) acting as a `master teacher' by helping new teachers make the transition
  into a teaching career;
  `(7) encouraging potential dropouts to remain in school or encouraging
  individuals who have dropped out to reenter and complete their schooling;
  `(8) improving daily attendance;
  `(9) leadership qualities; and
  `(10) success in employing other innovative educational techniques.
`SEC. 2305. AMOUNT AND USE OF AWARDS.
  `(a) AMOUNT OF AWARDS- The amount of a Presidential Award for Excellence
  in Education shall be $5,000. The Secretary may issue award certificates.
  `(b) USE OF AWARDS- An award to an individual recipient under this part
  shall be available for the recipient's use for professional development
  and other educational experiences.
  `(c) AWARDS CEREMONY- The Secretary is authorized to accept gifts to pay
  for the costs of conducting awards ceremonies to recognize recipients of
  Presidential Awards for Excellence in Education.
  `(d) USE OF EXCESS FUNDS- If a State has excess funds remaining after it
  has made the maximum number of awards possible in accordance with section
  2305(a) and reserved a portion of its allotment for administrative expenses
  in accordance with subsection (c), the State may use the remainder of its
  allotment for appropriate recognition of teachers in the State who do not
  receive a Presidential Award for Excellence in Education.
`SEC. 2306. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.
  `There are authorized to be appropriated for the purpose of carrying out
  this part $5,000,000 for each of the fiscal years 1991, 1992, and 1993.'.
PART D--HISTORICALLY BLACK COLLEGES AND UNIVERSITIES
SEC. 241. HISTORICALLY BLACK COLLEGES AND UNIVERSITIES.
  Section 360(a) of the Higher Education Act of 1965 is amended by--
  (1) redesignating paragraph (4) as paragraph (5); and
  (2) inserting the following new paragraph after paragraph (3):
  `(4)(A) There are authorized to be appropriated $20,000,000 for fiscal
  year 1991 for awards under section 332 of the Act to historically Black
  colleges and universities that qualify as part B institutions.
  `(B) A part B institution that receives an award from funds appropriated for
  any fiscal year under subparagraph (A) shall not be eligible to receive an
  award from funds appropriated for that fiscal year under paragraph (3), but
  a part B institution that does not receive an award from funds appropriated
  for any fiscal year under subparagraph (A) shall be eligible to receive
  an award from funds appropriated for that fiscal year under paragraph (3).'.
TITLE III--LITERACY
SEC. 301. SHORT TITLE.
  This title may be cited as the `National Literacy Act of 1990'.
SEC. 302. FINDINGS.
  The Congress finds that--
  (1) nearly 30,000,000 adults in the United States have serious problems
  with literacy (the ability to read, write, speak English, compute, and
  solve problems effectively);
  (2) literacy problems are intergenerational and closely associated with
  poverty and pose a major threat to the economic well-being of the United
  States;
  (3) present public and private literacy programs reach only a small portion
  of the population in need and often result in only minimal learning gains;
  (4) the prevention of illiteracy is essential to stem further growth in
  national illiteracy rates;
  (5) literacy programs generally lack adequate funding, adequate coordination
  with other literacy programs, and an adequate investment in teacher training
  and technology;
  (6) access to better information about the best practices in the
  literacy field and more research in order to provide better diagnostic
  and instructional tools are essential for the improvement of literacy and
  employability in the United States;
  (7) as many as 50,000,000 workers may have to be trained or retrained
  before the year 2000 while the supply of unskilled workers is increasing
  and the demand for unskilled labor is decreasing; and
  (8) the Adult Education Act is the largest Federal program to provide
  direct literacy services in the United States and serves only 10 percent
  of eligible participants, while all public and private literacy programs
  serve only about 19 percent of those who need help.
SEC. 303. DEFINITION.
  For purposes of this title the term `literacy' means the ability to use
  printed and written information to function in society, to achieve one's
  goals, and to develop one's knowledge and potential.
PART A--LITERACY: STRATEGIC PLANNING, RESEARCH, AND COORDINATION
SEC. 311. INTERAGENCY TASK FORCE ON LITERACY.
  (a) ESTABLISHMENT- There is established an Interagency Task Force on Literacy
  (in this section referred to as the `Task Force').
  (b) COMPOSITION- (1) The Task Force shall consist of--
  (A) the Secretary of Education;
  (B) the Secretary of Labor;
  (C) the Secretary of Health and Human Services;
  (D) the Director of the ACTION Agency; and
  (E) any other head of an agency that the President considers appropriate.
  (2) Each member shall be appointed for as long as such member serves as
  the head of the appropriate department or agency.
  (3) The President is requested to appoint the Chairperson of the Task Force
  from among its members to serve as Chairperson at the President's discretion.
  (c) QUORUM- One more than  1/2  of the members of the Task Force shall
  constitute a quorum for the purpose of transmitting recommendations and
  proposals to the President, but a lesser number may meet for other purposes.
  (d) ABSENCES- Any member of the Task Force who is unable to attend a meeting
  of the Task Force shall appoint an appropriate Assistant Secretary from
  the department of which the member is the Secretary, or in the case of
  an agency, the second-ranking official of such agency, to represent the
  member for that meeting.
  (e) DUTIES OF THE TASK FORCE- The Task Force shall--
  (1) devise, coordinate, and monitor existing and other government
  initiatives to--
  (A) facilitate the elimination of illiteracy, and
  (B) integrate the resources of literacy programs across various departments
  or agencies of the Federal Government;
  (2) solicit information and advice from representatives and experts with
  experience in literacy-related programs, including members of State and
  local governments, individuals from education, labor, and business, national
  literacy organizations, State and local literacy organizations, volunteer
  organizations, service providers, and community-based organizations;
  (3) ensure that appropriate Federal agencies set specific objectives and
  strategies for meeting the goals of this title and measure the progress
  of such agencies in meeting such goals;
  (4) review and make recommendations regarding ways to achieve uniformity
  among reporting requirements, the development of performance measures, and
  the development of standards for program effectiveness for literacy-related
  Federal programs;
  (5) advise the Director of the National Institute for Literacy established
  pursuant to section 313 on the activities of the Task Force; and
  (6) issue a biennial report to Congress on the progress made by the
  Federal Government and the Nation toward enhancing the literacy skills of
  its people, including recommendations for legislation required to improve
  and expand Federal literacy programs.
  (f) AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS- Each department and agency that participates
  in the Task Force shall contribute to the support of the Task Force.
SEC. 312. LITERACY RELATED PROGRAMS IN THE DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION.
  Section 202 of the Department of Education Organization Act (20 U.S.C. 3412)
  is amended by adding the following new subsection at the end thereof:
  `(h) The Assistant Secretary for Vocational and Adult Education, in addition
  to performing such functions as the Secretary may prescribe, shall have
  responsibility for coordination of all literacy related programs and policy
  initiatives in the Department. The Assistant Secretary for Vocational and
  Adult Education shall--
  `(1) coordinate the staff resources and the assistance provided to the
  Task Force;
  `(2) assist in coordinating the related activities and programs of other
  Federal departments and agencies; and
  `(3) assist the Secretary in carrying out the Secretary's responsibilities
  as a member of the Task Force.'.
SEC. 313. NATIONAL INSTITUTE FOR LITERACY.
  (a) PURPOSE- It is the purpose of this section to enhance the national
  effort to eliminate the current problem of illiteracy by the year 2000 by
  improving research, development and information dissemination through a
  national research center.
  (b) FINDINGS- The Congress finds that--
  (1) far too little is known about how to improve access to, and enhance
  the effectiveness of, adult literacy programs, assessment tools, and
  evaluation efforts;
  (2) there is no reliable nor central source of information about the
  existing knowledge base in the area of literacy;
  (3) a National Institute for Literacy would provide a national focal
  point for research, technical assistance and research dissemination,
  policy analysis, and program evaluation in the area of literacy; and
  (4) such an Institute would facilitate a pooling of ideas and expertise
  across fragmented programs and research efforts.
  (c) ESTABLISHMENT- (1) There is established the National Institute for
  Literacy (in this section referred to as the `Institute'). The Institute
  shall be administered under the terms of an interagency agreement entered
  into by the Secretary of Labor, the Secretary of Education, and the Secretary
  of Health and Human Services (in this section referred to as the `Interagency
  Group'). The head of any other agency designated by the President may be
  involved in the operation of the Institute as fits the involvement of such
  agency in accomplishing the purposes of the Institute. The Secretary may
  include in the Institute any research and development center supported
  under section 405(d)(4)(A)(ii) of the General Education Provisions Act
  and any other center, institute, or clearinghouse established within the
  Department of Education and the purpose of which is determined by the
  Secretary of Education to be related to the purpose of the Institute.
  (2) The Institute shall have offices separate from the offices of any
  agency or department involved in the operation of the Institute.
  (3) The Institute shall be administered by the Interagency Group, which shall
  seriously consider the recommendations of the Board described in subsection
  (f) in planning the goals of the Institute and in the implementation of any
  programs to achieve such goals. The daily operations of the Institute shall
  be carried out by the Director. If the recommendations of the Board are
  not followed, the Interagency Group shall provide a written explanation to
  the Board concerning actions the Interagency Group has taken that includes
  the Interagency Group's reasons for not following the recommendations of
  the Board with respect to such actions.
  (d) DUTIES- (1) The Institute is authorized, in order to improve and expand
  the system for delivery of literacy services, to--
  (A) conduct basic and applied research and demonstrations on literacy,
  including--
  (i) how adults learn to read and write and acquire other skills;
  (ii) how the literacy skills of parents affect the ability of children to
  learn literacy skills;
  (iii) the assessment of literacy skills and the development of instructional
  techniques;
  (iv) the best methods for assisting adults and families to acquire literacy
  skills, including the use of technology;
  (v) the special literacy needs of individuals with learning disabilities
  and individuals with limited English proficiency;
  (vi) how to effectively reach and teach the most educationally disadvantaged
  individuals;
  (vii) the use of technology and other studies which will advance the literacy
  knowledge base, use and not duplicate the work of other research services,
  and build on such research efforts; and
  (viii) how to attract, train, and retrain professional and volunteer
  teachers of literacy;
  (B) assist Federal, State, and local agencies in the development,
  implementation, and evaluation of policy with respect to literacy by--
  (i) establishing a national data base with respect to--
  (I) literacy and basic skills programs including programs in Federal
  departments, State agencies, and local agencies and programs that are
  privately supported through nonprofit entities and for profit entities;
  (II) assessment tools and outcome measures;
  (III) the amount and quality of basic education provided in the workplace
  by businesses and industries; and
  (IV) progress made toward the national literacy goals described in section
  2(a)(8); and
  (ii) providing technical and policy assistance to government entities for
  the improvement of policy and programs relating to literacy and developing
  model systems for implementing and coordinating Federal literacy programs
  which can be replicated at the State and local level;
  (C) provide program assistance, training, and technical assistance for
  literacy programs throughout the United States in order to improve the
  effectiveness of such programs and to increase the number of such programs,
  which assistance and training shall--
  (i) be based on the best available research and knowledge; and
  (ii) be coordinated with activities conducted by--
  (I) regional educational laboratories supported under section 405(d)(4)(A)(i)
  of the General Education Provisions Act;
  (II) curriculum centers assisted under section 251(a)(8) of the Carl
  D. Perkins Vocational and Applied Technology Education Act; and
  (III) other educational and training entities that provide relevant
  technical assistance;
  (D) collect and disseminate information to Federal, State, and local entities
  with respect to literacy methods that show great promise (including effective
  methods of assessment, effective literacy programs, and other information
  obtained through research or practice relating to adult and family learning
  that would increase the capacity and quality of literacy programs in
  the United States), using a variety of methods to ensure that the best
  information is received by State and local providers of literacy services;
  (E) review and make recommendations regarding--
  (i) ways to achieve uniformity among reporting requirements;
  (ii) the development of performance measures; and
  (iii) the development of standards for program effectiveness for
  literacy-related Federal programs; and
  (F) provide a toll-free long-distance telephone line for literacy providers
  and volunteers.
  (2) The Institute may enter into contracts or cooperative agreements with,
  or make grants to, individuals, public or private nonprofit institutions,
  agencies, organizations, or consortia of such institutions, agencies, or
  organizations to carry out the activities of the Institute. Such grants,
  contracts, or agreements shall be subject to the laws and regulations
  that generally apply to grants, contracts, or agreements entered into by
  Federal agencies.
  (e) LITERACY LEADERSHIP- (1) The Institute is, in consultation with the
  Board, authorized to award fellowships, with such stipends and allowances
  that the Director considers necessary, to outstanding individuals pursuing
  careers in adult education or literacy instruction, management, research,
  or innovation in adult education or literacy.
  (2) Fellowships awarded under this subsection shall be used, under the
  auspices of the Institute, to engage in research, education, training,
  technical assistance, or other activities to advance the field of adult
  education or literacy, including the training of volunteer literacy
  providers at the national, State, or local level.
  (3) Individuals receiving fellowships pursuant to this subsection shall
  be known as `Literacy Leader Fellows'.
  (f) NATIONAL INSTITUTE BOARD- (1) There is established the National Institute
  Board (in this section referred to as the `Board') which shall consist of
  10 individuals appointed by the President with the advice and consent of
  the Senate from individuals who are not otherwise officers or employees
  of the Federal Government and who are chosen from recommendations made to
  the President by representatives of--
  (A) literacy organizations and providers of literacy services, including--
  (i) providers of literacy services receiving assistance under the Adult
  Education Act; and
  (ii) nonprofit providers of literacy services;
  (B) businesses that have demonstrated interest in literacy programs;
  (C) literacy students;
  (D) experts in the area of literacy research;
  (E) State and local governments; and
  (F) organized labor.
  (2) The Board shall--
  (A) make recommendations concerning the appointment of the Director and
  staff of the Institute;
  (B) provide independent advice on the operation of the Institute; and
  (C) receive reports from the Interagency Group and the Director.
  (3) The Interagency Group may carry out the duties of the Board until the
  expiration of the 180-day period beginning on the date of the enactment
  of this Act.
  (4) Except as otherwise provided, the Board established by this subsection
  shall be subject to the provisions of the Federal Advisory Committee Act.
  (5)(A) Each member of the Board shall be appointed for a term of 3 years. Any
  such member may be appointed for not more than 2 consecutive terms.
  (B) Any member appointed to fill a vacancy occurring before the expiration of
  the term for which the member's predecessor was appointed shall be appointed
  only for the remainder of that term. A member may serve after the expiration
  of that members' term until a successor has taken office. A vacancy in the
  Board shall be filled in the manner in which the original appointment was
  made. A vacancy in the Board shall not affect the powers of the Board.
  (6) A majority of the members of the Board shall constitute a quorum but
  a lesser number may hold hearings. Any recommendation may be passed only
  by a majority of its members present.
  (7) The Chairperson and Vice Chairperson of the Board shall be elected by
  the members. The term of office of the Chairperson and Vice Chairperson
  shall be 2 years.
  (8) The Board shall meet at the call of the Chairperson or a majority of
  its members.
  (g) GIFTS, BEQUESTS, AND DEVISES- The Institute and the Board may accept
  (but not solicit), use, and dispose of gifts, bequests, or devises of
  services or property, both real and personal, for the purpose of aiding or
  facilitating the work of the Institute or the Board, respectively. Gifts,
  bequests, or devises of money and proceeds from sales of other property
  received as gifts, bequests, or devises shall be deposited in the Treasury
  and shall be available for disbursement upon order of the Institute or
  the Board,  respectively.
  (h) MAILS- The Board and the Institute may use the United States mails
  in the same manner and under the same conditions as other departments and
  agencies of the United States.
  (i) STAFF- The Interagency Group, after considering recommendations made
  by the Board, shall appoint and fix the pay of a Director.
  (j) APPLICABILITY OF CERTAIN CIVIL SERVICE LAWS- The Director and staff
  of the Institute may be appointed without regard to the provisions of
  title 5, United States Code, governing appointments in the competitive
  service, and may be paid without regard to the provisions of chapter 51
  and subchapter III of chapter 53 of that title relating to classification
  and General Schedule pay rates, except that an individual so appointed
  may not receive pay in excess of the annual rate of basic pay payable for
  GS-18 of the General Schedule.
  (k) EXPERTS AND CONSULTANTS- The Board and the Institute may procure
  temporary and intermittent services under section 3109(b) of title 5,
  United States Code.
  (l) REPORT- In the first 2 years in which the Institute receives assistance
  under this section, the Institute shall submit an annual report to
  Congress. In succeeding years, the Institute shall submit biennial reports
  to the Congress. Each report submitted under this subsection shall include--
  (1) a comprehensive and detailed description of the Institute's operations,
  activities, financial condition, and accomplishments in the field of
  literacy for such fiscal year;
  (2) a description of how plans for the operation of the Institute for the
  succeeding fiscal year will facilitate achievement of the goals of the
  Institute and the goals of the literacy programs within the Department
  of Education, the Department of Labor, and the Department of Health and
  Human Services; and
  (3) any additional, minority, or dissenting views submitted by members of
  the Board.
  (m) NONDUPLICATION- The Institute shall not duplicate any functions carried
  out by the Secretary of Education pursuant to section 384(a) of the Adult
  Education Act. This subsection shall not be construed to prohibit the
  Secretary of Education from delegating such functions to the Institute.
  (n) AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS- (1) There are authorized to be
  appropriated to carry out the provisions of this section $15,000,000 for
  each of the fiscal years 1991, 1992, 1993, 1994, and 1995.
  (2) Any amounts appropriated to the Secretary of Education, the Secretary of
  Labor, the Secretary of Health and Human Services, or any other department
  that participates in the Institute for purposes that the Institute is
  authorized to perform under this section may be provided to the Institute
  for such purposes.
SEC. 314. STATE LITERACY RESOURCE CENTERS.
  (a) GRANTS FOR STATE LITERACY RESOURCE CENTERS- Subpart 6 of part B of
  the Adult Education Act (20 U.S.C. 1208 et seq.) is amended by inserting
  at the end thereof the following new section 354:
`SEC. 354. STATE LITERACY RESOURCE CENTERS.
  `(a) PURPOSE- It is the purpose of this section to assist State and local
  public and private nonprofit efforts to eliminate illiteracy through a
  new program of State literacy resource center grants to--
  `(1) stimulate the coordination of literacy services,
  `(2) enhance the capacity of State and local organizations to provide
  literacy services, and
  `(3) serve as a reciprocal link between the  National Institute for
  Literacy and service providers for the purpose of sharing information,
  data, research, and expertise and literacy resources.
  `(b) ESTABLISHMENT- From amounts appropriated pursuant to subsection (k),
  the Secretary is authorized to make grants for purposes of establishing
  a network of State or regional adult literacy resource centers.
  `(c) ALLOTMENT- (1) From sums available for purposes of making grants under
  this section for any fiscal year, the Secretary shall allot to each State
  having an approved application under subsection (k) an amount which bears the
  same ratio to such sums as the amount allotted to such State under section
  313(b) for the purpose of making grants under section 321 bears to the
  aggregate amount allotted to all States under such section for such purpose.
  `(2) Each State shall contract on a competitive basis with the State or local
  educational agencies, a State office on literacy, a volunteer organization,
  a community-based organization, institution of higher education, or another
  nonprofit entity to operate a State literacy resource center. If the State
  educational agency does not operate the center, the State educational
  agency shall be provided the opportunity to comment on the selection of
  the entity selected to operate the center.
  `(d) USE OF FUNDS- Funds provided under subsection (c)(1) to carry out
  this section shall be used to carry out activities to--
  `(1) upgrade and promote the diffusion and adoption of state-of-the-art
  teaching methods, technologies and program evaluations;
  `(2) develop innovative approaches to the coordination of literacy services
  within and among States and with the Federal Government and assist in
  coordinating the delivery of such services by public and private agencies;
  `(3) encourage government and industry partnerships, including partnerships
  among small business, private nonprofit organizations, and community-based
  organizations;
  `(4) encourage innovation and experimentation in literacy activities that
  will enhance the delivery of literacy services and address emerging problems;
  `(5) provide technical and policy assistance to State and local governments
  and service providers to improve literacy policy and programs and access
  to such programs;
  `(6) provide training and technical assistance to literacy instructors in
  reading instruction and in--
  `(A) selecting and making the most effective use of state-of-the-art
  methodologies, instructional materials, and technologies such as--
  `(i) computer assisted instruction;
  `(ii) video tapes;
  `(iii) interactive systems; and
  `(iv) data link systems; or
  `(B) assessing learning style and screening for learning disabilities,
  and providing individualized remedial reading instruction; or
  `(7) encourage and facilitate the training of full-time professional
  adult educators.
  `(e) ALTERNATIVE USES OF EQUIPMENT- Equipment purchases pursuant to this
  section, when not being used to carry out the provisions of this section,
  may be used for other instructional purposes if--
  `(1) the acquisition of the equipment was reasonable and necessary for
  the purpose of conducting a properly designed project or activity under
  this section;
  `(2) the equipment is used after regular program hours or on weekends; and
  `(3) such other use is--
  `(A) incidental to the use of that equipment under this section;
  `(B) does not interfere with the use of that equipment under this section;
  and
  `(C) does not add to the cost of using that equipment under this section.
  `(f) LIMITATION- Not more than 10 percent of any grant received under this
  section shall be used to purchase computer hardware or software.
  `(g) SPECIAL RULE- (1) Each State receiving funds pursuant to this section
  may use not more than 5 percent of such funds to establish a State advisory
  council on adult education and literacy (in this section referred to as the
  `State council') pursuant to the provisions of section 332.
  `(2) Each State receiving funds pursuant to this section may use such
  funds to support an established State council to the extent that such
  State council meets the requirements of section 332.
  `(3) Each State receiving funds pursuant to this paragraph to establish
  or support a State council pursuant to the provisions of section 332 shall
  provide matching funds on a dollar-for-dollar basis.
  `(h) APPLICATIONS- Each State or group of States, as appropriate, that
  desires to receive a grant under this section on a regional level, a
  State level, or both shall submit to the Secretary an application that has
  been reviewed and commented on by the State council, where appropriate,
  and that describes how the State or group of States will--
  `(1) develop a literacy resource center or expand an existing literacy
  resource center;
  `(2) provide services and activities with the assistance provided under
  this section;
  `(3) assure access to services of the center for the maximum participation
  of all public and private programs and organizations providing or seeking
  to provide basic skills instruction, including local educational agencies,
  agencies responsible for corrections education, service delivery areas under
  the Job Training Partnership Act, welfare agencies, labor organizations,
  businesses, volunteer groups, and community-based organizations;
  `(4) address the measurable goals for improving literacy levels as set
  forth in the plan submitted pursuant to section 342; and
  `(5) develop procedures for the coordination of literacy activities for
  statewide and local literacy efforts conducted by public and private
  organizations, and for enhancing the systems of service delivery.
  `(i) PAYMENTS; FEDERAL SHARE- (1) The Secretary shall pay to each State
  having an application approved pursuant to subsection (h) the Federal
  share of the cost of the activities described in the application.
  `(2) The Federal share--
  `(A) for each of the first 2 fiscal years in which the State receives
  funds under this section shall not exceed 80 percent;
  `(B) for each of the third and fourth fiscal years in which the State
  receives funds under this section shall not exceed 70 percent; and
  `(C) for the fifth and each succeeding fiscal year in which the State
  receives funds under this section shall not exceed 60 percent.
  `(3) The non-Federal share of payments under this section may be in cash
  or in kind, fairly evaluated, including plant, equipment, or services.
  `(j) REGIONAL CENTERS- (1) A group of States may enter into an interstate
  agreement to develop and operate a regional adult literacy resource center
  if the States determine that a regional approach is more appropriate for
  their situation.
  `(2) Any State that receives assistance under this section as part of a
  regional center shall only be required to provide under subsection (i)
  50 percent of the funds such State would otherwise be required to provide
  under such subsection.
  `(3) In any fiscal year in which the amount a State will receive under this
  section is less than $100,000, the Secretary may designate that State to
  receive assistance under this section as part of a regional center.
  `(4) The provisions of paragraph (3) shall not apply to any State which
  can demonstrate to the Secretary that the total amount of Federal, State,
  local and private funds expended to carry out the purposes of this section
  equals or exceeds $100,000.
  `(5) In any fiscal year in which paragraph (2) applies, the Secretary may
  allow certain States that receive assistance as part of a regional center
  to reserve a portion of such assistance for State literacy services pursuant
  to this section.
  `(k) AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS- There are authorized to be appropriated
  to carry out the provisions of this section $25,000,000 for each of the
  fiscal years 1991, 1992, and 1993, and such sums as may be necessary for
  each of the fiscal years 1994 and 1995.'.
PART B--WORKFORCE LITERACY
SEC. 321. NATIONAL WORKFORCE LITERACY ASSISTANCE COLLABORATIVE.
  (a) ESTABLISHMENT- There is established in the Department of Labor a National
  Workforce Literacy Assistance Collaborative (in this subsection referred
  to as the `Collaborative') to improve the basic skills of individuals,
  especially those individuals who are marginally employed or unemployed
  with low basic skills and limited opportunity for long-term employment
  and advancement, by assisting small and medium-sized businesses, business
  associations that represent small and medium-sized businesses, and labor
  organizations to develop and implement literacy programs tailored to the
  needs of the workforce.
  (b) FUNCTIONS- The Collaborative shall--
  (1) develop and implement a plan for providing small and medium-sized
  businesses with the technical assistance required to address the literacy
  needs of their workforce;
  (2) monitor the development of workforce literacy training programs and
  identify best practices and successful small and medium-sized business
  program models;
  (3) inform businesses and unions of research findings and best practices
  regarding exemplary curricula, instructional techniques, training models,
  and the use of technology as a training tool in the workplace;
  (4) provide technical assistance to help businesses assess individual
  worker literacy skill needs, implement workforce literacy training programs,
  and evaluate training program effectiveness;
  (5) promote cooperation and coordination among State and local agencies
  and the private sector to obtain maximum uses of existing literacy and
  basic skills training resources;
  (6) conduct regional and State small business workforce literacy meetings
  to increase program effectiveness and accountability;
  (7) establish cooperative arrangements with the National Institute for
  Literacy and other centers involved in literacy and basic skills research
  and development activities; and
  (8) prepare and produce written and video materials necessary to support
  technical assistance and information dissemination efforts.
  (c) AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS- There are authorized to be appropriated
  for purposes of carrying out this section $5,000,000 for each of the fiscal
  years 1991, 1992, 1993, 1994, and 1995.
SEC. 322. GRANTS FOR NATIONAL WORKFORCE LITERACY STRATEGIES.
  Section 371 of the Adult Education Act (20 U.S.C. 1211) is amended--
  (1) in subsection (a)--
  (A) in paragraph (1) by inserting `, in consultation with the Secretary of
  Labor and the Administrator of the Small Business Administration,' after
  `Secretary';
  (B) in subparagraph (B) of paragraph (2)--
  (i) by striking `and' and inserting a comma; and
  (ii) by inserting after `agencies' the second place such term appears the
  following: `and any other entity described in paragraph (1) that receives
  a grant under this subsection'; and
  (C) by inserting the following new paragraphs at the end:
  `(5) In awarding grants under this section, the Secretary shall give
  priority to applications from partnerships which include small businesses.
  `(6) The Secretary is authorized to award grants under this section for
  a period not to exceed 3 years.';
  (2) in subsection (b)--
  (A) in paragraph (1) by striking `subsection (c)' and inserting `subsection
  (e)';
  (B) in subparagraph (B) of paragraph (2)--
  (i) by striking `and' and inserting a comma; and
  (ii) by inserting after `agencies' the second place such term appears the
  following: `and any other entity described in paragraph (1) that receives
  a grant under this subsection';
  (3) by redesignating subsection (c) as subsection (e);
  (4) by inserting after subsection (b) the following:
  `(c) GRANTS FOR NATIONAL WORKFORCE LITERACY STRATEGIES- (1) Whenever
  in any fiscal year, appropriations under subsection (e) are equal to or
  exceed $25,000,000, the Secretary shall reserve not more than $5,000,000 to
  establish a program of grants to facilitate the design and implementation
  of national strategies to assist small and medium-sized businesses and
  unions to effectively provide literacy and basic skills training to workers.
  `(2) Grants awarded under this subsection shall provide funds to establish
  large-scale national strategies in workforce literacy, which may include
  the following activities:
  `(A) Basic skills training that is cost-effective and needed by employees
  and required by their employers to establish a trainable workforce which can
  take advantage of further job specific training and advance the productivity
  of the labor force on an individual, industry, or national level.
  `(B) Specific program offerings, which may include--
  `(i) English as a second language instruction;
  `(ii) communications skill building;
  `(iii) reading and writing skill building; and
  `(iv) computation and problem solving.
  `(C) Appropriate assessments of individual worker's literacy and basic skills
  needs and appropriate assessments of the skill levels required by business.
  `(D) Cooperative arrangements with other organizations involved in providing
  literacy and basic skills training, including adult education, vocational
  education, community and junior colleges, community-based organizations,
  State level agencies, and private industry councils.
  `(E) The establishment as appropriate of technology-based learning
  environments, such as computer-based learning centers.
  `(3) To receive a grant under this subsection, a proposal shall be
  submitted to the Secretary by partnerships described in subsection (a)(1),
  containing a plan specifying a strategy for designing and implementing
  workforce literacy and basic skills training for workers, and justifying
  the national, statewide, or industry-wide importance of this strategy. The
  proposal shall include--
  `(A) a demonstration of need for literacy and basic skills training;
  `(B) a description of the business or industry for which the strategy is
  to be established;
  `(C) a statement of specific, measurable goals and participant outcomes;
  `(D) a strategy for achieving the goals, including a description of the
  process to identify literacy and basic skills required by employers and the
  skills of individual workers, and a description of the specific services
  to be provided; and
  `(E) a description of the costs of the activities to be undertaken.
  `(4) The Secretary shall develop a formal process for the submission of
  proposals and publish an announcement with respect to that process and
  the availability of funds in the Federal Register.
  `(5) Grants under this subsection may be used to fund 70 percent of the
  cost of programs which meet the requirements of this subsection.
  `(6) The Secretary shall give priority to grant proposals described in
  paragraph (2)(D).
  `(7) The Secretary may take into account geographic considerations (such
  as rural and urban) and national distribution, when awarding grants under
  paragraph (3) of this subsection.
  `(8) The Secretary shall award annually, from amounts available under
  paragraph (1), no more than 10 grants of not less than $500,000 each.
  `(d) EVALUATION- The Secretary shall reserve not more than 2 percent of
  any amount appropriated under this section for the purpose of carrying out
  an independent evaluation of the effectiveness of programs assisted under
  this section in improving the literacy and basic skills of workers and
  the productivity of employees, including potential for the replicability
  or adaption of such programs.'; and
  (5) in subsection (e) (as redesignated by paragraph (3)) by striking
  paragraph (1) and inserting the following:
  `(1) There are authorized to be appropriated $60,000,000 for fiscal year
  1991 and such sums as may be necessary for each of the fiscal years 1992,
  1993, 1994 and 1995 to carry out the provisions of this section.'.
PART C--INVESTMENT IN LITERACY
SEC. 331. AMENDMENTS TO THE ADULT EDUCATION ACT.
  (a) AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS- Section 313 of the Adult Education
  Act (20 U.S.C. 1201b) is amended in subsection (a) by striking `and such
  sums' and all that follows through `1993' and inserting the following:
  `, such sums as may be necessary for fiscal year 1990, $260,000,000 for
  the fiscal year 1991, and such sums as may be necessary for each of the
  fiscal years 1992, 1993, 1994, and 1995'.
  (b) USE OF FUNDS- Subsection (a) of section 322 of the Adult Education Act
  (20 U.S.C. 1203b(b)) is amended--
  (1) by amending paragraph (1) to read as follows:
  `(1) Grants to States under this subpart shall be used in accordance with
  State plans (and amendments thereto) approved under sections 341 and 351, to
  pay the Federal share of the cost of the establishment or expansion of adult
  education programs to be carried out by local educational agencies, agencies
  responsible for corrections education, community-based organizations, public
  or private nonprofit agencies, postsecondary educational institutions,
  and other institutions that have the ability to provide literacy services
  to adults and families. Each State educational agency receiving financial
  assistance under this subpart shall assure direct and equitable access to
  Federal funds to local educational agencies, public or private nonprofit
  agencies, community-based organizations, agencies responsible for corrections
  education, postsecondary educational institutions, and institutions which
  serve educationally disadvantaged adults. In determining which programs
  shall receive assistance under this paragraph, the State shall consider--
  `(A) the past effectiveness of applicants in providing effective services
  (especially with respect to recruitment and retention of educationally
  disadvantaged adults and the learning gains demonstrated by such adults);
  `(B) the degree to which the applicant will coordinate and utilize other
  literacy and social services available in the community; and
  `(C) the commitment of the applicant to serve individuals in the community
  that are most in need of literacy services.';
  (2) in paragraph (3)--
  (A) by striking the first sentence; and
  (B) by inserting after `sources;' the following: `the projected goals
  of the applicant with respect to participant recruitment, retention,
  and successful completion of the literacy program';
  (3) in paragraph (4)--
  (A) by striking `(A)';
  (B) by inserting after `adults' the following: `, particularly in areas
  with a high proportion of adults who do not have a certificate of graduation
  from a school providing secondary education or its equivalent.'; and
  (C) by striking subparagraph (B);
  (4) by redesignating paragraphs (3) and (4) (as amended by paragraphs (2)
  and (3) of this subsection) as paragraphs (4) and (5), respectively; and
  (5) by inserting after paragraph (2) the following:
  `(3)(A) Grants to States provided under this section shall also be used
  for competitive 2-year grants to public housing authorities for literacy
  programs and related activities. Any grant provided under the preceding
  sentence shall be referred to as a `Gateway Grant'.
  `(B) The Secretary shall, not less often than every 2 years, evaluate any
  grants made under this paragraph and report the results of such evaluation
  to the Committee on Education and Labor of the House of Representatives
  and the Committee on Labor and Human Resources of the Senate.'.
  (c) STATE ADVISORY COUNCIL- (1) The heading to section 332 of the Adult
  Education Act is amended by inserting `and literacy' before the period.
  (2) Section 332 of the Adult Education Act (20 U.S.C. 1205a) is amended--
  (A) in the first sentence of subsection (a)(1) by striking `adult education,
  appointed by the Governor' and inserting `adult education and literacy,
  appointed by, and responsible to, the Governor';
  (B) in the second sentence of subsection (a)(1) by striking all beginning
  with `consist' through the end period and inserting `consists of--
  `(i) representatives of public education;
  `(ii) representatives of public and private sector employment;
  `(iii) representatives of recognized State labor organizations;
  `(iv) representatives of private, voluntary, and community-based literacy
  organizations;
  `(v) the chief administrative officer of a State, or the designee of such
  individual; and
  `(vi) representatives of each of the following State agencies:
  `(I) the State educational agency;
  `(II) the State job training agency;
  `(III) the State human services agency;
  `(IV) the State public assistance agency;
  `(V) the State library program; and
  `(VI) the State economic development agency.
The council shall also include officers of the State government whose
agencies provide funding for literacy services or who may be designated by the
Governor or the Chairperson of the council to serve whenever matters within
the jurisdiction of the agency headed by such an officer are to be considered
by the council. The council shall also include classroom teachers who have
demonstrated outstanding results in teaching children or adults to read.';
  (C) by striking the first sentence of subsection (d) and inserting `One
  member more than one-half of the members on the council shall constitute
  a quorum for the purpose of transmitting recommendations and proposals to
  the Governor, but a lesser number of members may constitute a quorum for
  the other purposes.';
  (D) in subsection (d) by inserting the following new sentence after the
  first sentence: `The State advisory council shall meet at least 4 times
  each year.'; and
  (E) in subsection (f)--
  (i) by amending paragraph (1) to read as follows:
  `(1) meet with the State agencies responsible for literacy training to advise
  on the development of a State plan for literacy and for adult education that
  fulfills the literacy and adult education needs of the State, especially
  with respect to the needs of the labor market, economic development goals,
  and the needs of the individuals in the State;';
  (ii) by amending paragraph (2) to read as follows:
  `(2) advise the Governor, the State educational agency, and other State
  agencies concerning--
  `(A) the development and implementation of measurable State literacy
  and adult education goals consistent with section 342, especially with
  respect to--
  `(i) improving levels of literacy in the State so that all appropriate
  State agencies have specific objectives and strategies for such goals in
  a comprehensive approach;
  `(ii) improving literacy programs in the State; and
  `(iii) fulfilling the long-term literacy goals of the State;
  `(B) the coordination and monitoring of State literacy training programs
  in order to progress toward the long-term literacy goals of the State;
  `(C) the improvement of the quality of literacy programs in the State by
  supporting integration of services, staff training, and technology-based
  learning along with the integration of resources of literacy programs
  across various agencies of State government; and
  `(D) private sector initiatives that would improve adult education programs
  and literacy programs, especially through public-private partnerships;';
  (iii) by redesignating paragraph (3) as paragraph (7); and
  (iv) by inserting after paragraph (2) the following new paragraphs:
  `(3) review and comment on the plan submitted pursuant to section 354(h)
  and submit such comments to the Secretary;
  `(4) track progress on meeting the goals and objectives set forth in
  paragraph (2);
  `(5) recommend model systems for implementing and coordinating State
  literacy programs for replication at the local level; and
  `(6) developing reporting requirements, standards for outcomes, performance
  measures, and program effectiveness in State programs, that are consistent
  with those proposed by the Interagency Task Force on Literacy established
  by section 311 of the National Literacy Act of 1990.'.
  (d) STATE PLAN- Subsection (c) of section 342 of the Adult Education Act
  (20 U.S.C. 1206a) is amended--
  (1) by amending paragraph (1) to read as follows:
  `(1) describe and provide for the fulfillment of the literacy needs of
  individuals in the State;';
  (2) by striking paragraph (9);
  (3) by redesignating paragraphs (2) through (8) as paragraphs (3) through
  (9), respectively;
  (4) by inserting after paragraph (1) the following:
  `(2) set forth measurable goals for improving literacy levels, retention
  in literacy programs, and long-term learning gains of individuals in the
  State and describe a comprehensive approach for achieving such goals,
  including the expected outcomes of programs, services, and activities
  during the 4-year period;';
  (5) in paragraph (4) (as redesignated by paragraph (3) of this section)--
  (A) by striking `the use of' and inserting `coordination by';
  (B) by striking `other than' and inserting `including'; and
  (C) by striking `such as';
  (6) in paragraph (9) (as redesignated by paragraph (3) of this section),
  by inserting before the semicolon the following: `and the progress the
  State has made toward achieving the goals set forth in each State plan
  subsequent to the initial State plan';
  (7) by striking `and' at the end of paragraph (12);
  (8) by striking the period at the end of paragraph (13) and inserting a
  semicolon; and
  (9) by adding at the end the following new paragraphs:
  `(14) report the amount of administrative funds spent on program
  improvements; and
  `(15) contain assurances that financial assistance provided pursuant to
  this title shall be used to assist and expand existing programs, and to
  develop new programs for adults whose lack of basic skills--
  `(A) renders such adults unemployable;
  `(B) keeps employed or unemployed adults from functioning independently
  in society; and
  `(C) severely reduces the ability of such adults to positively affect the
  literacy of their children.'.
  (e) EVALUATION- Section 352 of the Adult Education Act (20 U.S.C. 1207a)
  is amended--
  (1) in paragraph (1), by inserting before the semicolon the following:
  `, including--
  `(A) the number and percentage of local educational agencies, community-based
  organizations, volunteer groups, and other organizations that are grant
  recipients; and
  `(B) the amount each such grant recipient receives under this Act';
  (2) in paragraph (2)--
  (A) by striking `before the end' and all that follows through `shall
  consider' and inserting the following: `evaluate 15 percent of the grant
  recipients each year so that at the end of such period 60 percent of
  grant recipients shall have been evaluated once and such evaluations shall
  consider, at a minimum--';
  (B) by redesignating subparagraphs (A) through (D) as subparagraphs (B)
  through (E), respectively;
  (C) by inserting before subparagraph (B) (as redesignated by subparagraph
  (B) of this paragraph) the following:
  `(A) the projected goals of the grant recipient as described in its
  application under section 322(a)(3);';
  (D) by amending subparagraph (D) (as redesignated by subparagraph (B)
  of this paragraph) to read as follows:
  `(D) the success of the grant recipient in recruiting, retaining, and
  assisting participants in reaching desired literacy goals and obtaining
  subsequent work experience; and'; and
  (E) by striking `and' at the end;
  (3) by striking the period at the end of paragraph (3) and inserting `;
  and'; and
  (4) by adding at the end the following:
  `(4) biennially submit a report to the Interagency Task Force on Literacy
  established by section 311 of the National Literacy Act of 1990 describing--
  `(A) how the State will or has met the literacy goals established in its
  State plan; and
  `(B) progress being made in reaching its literacy goals, coordination of
  workplace literacy services, and building a high quality delivery system
  for adult literacy programs.'.
  (f) TEACHER TRAINING- (1) Section 353 of the Adult Education Act (20
  U.S.C. 1208) is amended by--
  (A) striking `and' at the end of subsection (a)(1)(B);
  (B) striking the period at the end of subsection (a)(2) and inserting a
  semicolon and `and'; and
  (C) inserting at the end of subsection (a) the following:
  `(3) training professional teachers, volunteers, and administrators,
  with particular emphasis on training--
  `(A) full-time professional adult educators;
  `(B) minority adult educators;
  `(C) educators of adults with limited English proficiency; and
  `(D) teachers to recognize and more effectively serve illiterate individuals
  with learning disabilities, and with a reading ability below the fifth
  grade level.'.
  (2) Section 353 of the Adult Education Act (20 U.S.C. 1208), as amended
  by paragraph (1) of this subsection, is further amended--
  (A) in subsection (a) by striking `10' and inserting `15'; and
  (B) by amending subsection (b) to read as follows:
  `(b) SPECIAL RULE- At least  2/3  of the 15 percent reserved pursuant to
  subsection (a) shall be used to carry out the provisions of paragraphs
  (2) and (3) of subsection (a).'.
SEC. 332. TARGETED ASSISTANCE.
  Section 1531(b) of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965
  (20 U.S.C. 2941) is amended by--
  (1) redesignating paragraphs (5) and (6) as paragraphs (6) and (7),
  respectively; and
  (2) inserting the following new paragraph (5) after paragraph (4):
  `(5) programs of training to enhance the ability of teachers and school
  counselors to identify, particularly in the early grades, students with
  reading and related problems which place such students at risk for illiteracy
  in their adult years;'.
SEC. 333. AMENDMENTS TO THE EVEN START PROGRAM.
  (a) AMENDMENT TO PART HEADING- The heading for part B of chapter 1 of title
  I of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 2741
  et seq.) is amended to read as follows:
`PART B--EVEN START FAMILY LITERACY PROGRAM'.
  (b) STATE GRANT PROGRAM- Section 1052 of the Elementary and Secondary
  Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 2742) is amended--
  (1) in subsection (a), by striking `local educational agencies or consortia
  of such agencies' and inserting `eligible entities';
  (2) in subsection (b)--
  (A) by inserting `(1)' before `In'; and
  (B) by adding at the end the following:
  `(2) In any fiscal year in which this subsection applies, no State shall
  award a grant under this part for an amount less than $75,000.
  `(3) In any year in which this subsection applies, each State that receives
  a grant under this part may use not more than 5 percent of assistance
  provided under the grant for costs of--
  `(A) administration; and
  `(B) the provision of technical assistance for program improvement and
  replication to eligible entities that receive grants under this part,
  which assistance may be provided through grant or contract.';
  (3) by redesignating subsection (c) as subsection (d);
  (4) by inserting immediately after subsection (b) the following new
  subsection:
  `(c) RESERVATION- From amounts appropriated for purposes of carrying out
  this part, the Secretary may reserve an amount equal to not more than 2
  percent of such amounts or the amount reserved for such purposes in the
  fiscal year 1990, whichever is greater, for purposes of--
  `(1) carrying out the evaluation required by section 1058; and
  `(2) providing technical assistance for program improvement and replication
  to eligible entities that receive grants under this part, which may be
  provided through grant or contract.'; and
  (5) by amending subsection (d) (as redesignated by paragraph (3)) to read
  as follows:
  `(c) DEFINITIONS- For the purpose of this part:
  `(1) The term `eligible entity' means--
  `(A) a local educational agency applying in collaboration with
  a community-based organization, public agency, institution of higher
  education, or other nonprofit organization; or
  `(B) a community-based organization, or other nonprofit organization of
  demonstrated quality applying in collaboration with a local educational
  agency.
  `(2) The terms `Indian tribe' and `tribal organization' have the respective
  meanings given such terms in section 4 of the Indian Self-Determination
  and Education Assistance Act.
  `(3) The term `State' includes each of the 50 States, the District of
  Columbia, and the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico.'.
  (c) ALLOCATION- Section 1053 of the Elementary and Secondary Education
  Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 2743) is amended by amending subsection (a) to read
  as follows:
  `(a) RESERVATION FOR MIGRANT PROGRAMS AND TERRITORIES- (1) In each fiscal
  year in which section 1052(a) applies, the Secretary shall first reserve
  for programs consistent with the purpose of this part--
  `(A) for migrant children, an amount equal to 3 percent of the amount
  appropriated for purposes of carrying out this part, which programs shall
  be conducted through the Office of Migrant Education; and
  `(B) for allocations to Guam, American Samoa, the Virgin Islands, the
  Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, and Palau (until the Compact
  of Free Association with Palau takes effect pursuant to section 101(a)
  of Public Law 99-658), and to Indian tribes and tribal organizations,
  an amount comparable to their relative need.
  `(2) In each fiscal year in which section 1052(b) applies, the Secretary
  shall first reserve for programs consistent with the purpose of this part,
  an amount equal to 5 percent of the amount appropriated for purposes of
  carrying out this part, of which--
  `(A) amounts shall be allocated for programs for migrant children, Guam,
  American Samoa, the Virgin Islands, the Commonwealth of the Northern
  Mariana Islands, and Palau (until the Compact of Free Association with
  Palau takes effect pursuant to section 101(a) of Public Law 99-658), and
  Indian tribes and tribal organizations, according to their relative need; and
  `(B) in no case shall the amount reserved for programs for migrant children
  be less than the amount reserved for such programs in the preceding
  fiscal year.'.
  (d) FEDERAL SHARE LIMITATION- Section 1054 of the Elementary and Secondary
  Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 2744) is amended--
  (1) in subsection (a), by striking `local educational agencies' and all
  that follows through `nonprofit organizations,' and inserting `an eligible
  entity';
  (2) in paragraph (2) of subsection (b), by inserting after `counseling,'
  the following:  `other developmental and support services,'; and
  (3) in subsection (c)--
  (A) by redesignating paragraphs (1) through (4) as subparagraphs (A) through
  (D), respectively, and by moving such subparagraphs 2 ems to the right so
  that they are indented 6 ems from the left margin;
  (B) by striking `(c) FEDERAL SHARE LIMITATION- ' and all that follows
  through `may be--' and inserting the following:
  `(c) FEDERAL SHARE-
  `(1) LIMITATION- The Federal share under this part may be--';
  (C) in subparagraph (A) (as redesignated by subparagraph (A) of this
  paragraph), by striking `local educational agency' and inserting `eligible
  entity';
  (D) by moving the matter following subparagraph (D) (as redesignated
  by paragraph (1) of this subsection) 2 ems to the right, so that it is
  indented 4 ems from the left margin;
  (E) by striking the last sentence and inserting the following: `The
  remaining cost may be provided in cash or in kind, fairly evaluated,
  and may be obtained from any source other than funds made available for
  programs under this chapter.'; and
  (F) by adding at the end the following:
  `(2) SPECIAL RULE- The Secretary may waive, in whole or in part, the
  requirement that all or part of the remaining cost described in paragraph
  (1) be obtained from sources other than funds made available under this
  chapter if an eligible entity--
  `(A) demonstrates that it otherwise would not be able to participate in
  the program under this part; and
  `(B) negotiates an agreement with the Secretary with respect to the amount
  of the remaining cost to which the waiver would be applicable.'.
  (e) ELIGIBLE PARTICIPANTS- Section 1055 of the Elementary and Secondary
  Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 2745) is amended--
  (1) by striking `Eligible' and inserting the following: `(a) IN GENERAL-
  Except as provided in subsection (b), eligible';
  (2) in paragraph (2) of subsection (a) (as designated by paragraph (1)),
  by striking `(aged 1 to 7,' and inserting `(from birth to age 7,'; and
  (3) by adding at the end the following:
  `(b) CONTINUATION OF ELIGIBILITY FOR CERTAIN PARTICIPANTS- Any family
  participating in the program under this part that becomes ineligible for
  such participation as a result of 1 or more members of the family becoming
  ineligible for such participation, may continue to participate in the program
  until all members of the family become ineligible for participation, which--
  `(1) in the case of a family in which ineligibility was due to the child
  or children of such family attaining the age of 8, shall be when the parent
  or parents become ineligible due to educational advancement; and
  `(2) in the case of a family in which ineligibility was due to the
  educational advancement of the parent or parents of such family, shall be
  when all children in the family attain the age of 8.'.
  (f) APPLICATIONS- Section 1056 of the Elementary and Secondary Education
  Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 2746) is amended--
  (1) in subsection (a), by striking `a local educational agency' and inserting
  `an eligible entity'; and
  (2) in subsection (b), by striking `the local educational agency' and
  inserting `the eligible entity'.
  (g) SELECTION PROCESS- Section 1057 of the Elementary and Secondary
  Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 2747) is amended--
  (1) in subsection (a)--
  (A) by redesignating paragraphs (1) through (7) as subparagraphs (A)
  through (F), respectively;
  (B) by inserting `(1)' before `The';
  (C) in paragraph (1) (as designated by subparagraph (B) of this paragraph)--
  (i) by amending subparagraph (B) (as redesignated by subparagraph (A)
  of this paragraph) to read as follows:
  `(B) demonstrate that the area to be served by such program has a high
  percentage or a large number of children and adults who are in need of such
  services as indicated by high levels of poverty, illiteracy, unemployment,
  limited English proficiency, or other need-related indicators.';
  (ii) in subparagraph (E) (as redesignated by subparagraph (A) of this
  paragraph), by striking `the local educational agency's' and inserting
  `the eligible entity's'; and
  (iii) by adding at the end the following:
  `(2) The review panel shall give priority for grants under this subsection
  to proposals which--
  `(A) make the demonstration described in paragraph (1)(B); and
  `(B) demonstrate an ability to operate an effective program.';
  (2) by amending subsection (c) to read as follows:
  `(c) DISTRIBUTION OF ASSISTANCE- (1) In approving grants under this part
  pursuant to section 1052(a), the Secretary shall ensure a representative
  distribution of assistance among the States and among urban and rural
  areas of the United States.
  `(2) In approving grants under this part pursuant to section 1052(b),
  the review panel shall ensure a representative distribution of assistance
  between urban and rural areas of the State.'; and
  (3) in paragraph (1) of subsection (d), by striking `local educational
  agency' each place it appears and inserting `eligible entity'.
  (h) AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS- Section 1059 of the Elementary
  and Secondary Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 2749) is amended to read
  as follows:
  `There are authorized to be appropriated $60,000,000 for the fiscal year
  1991, and such sums as may be necessary for each of the fiscal years 1992
  and 1993 to carry out the provisions of this part.'.
SEC. 334. FAMILY LITERACY PUBLIC BROADCASTING PROGRAM.
  (a) PROGRAM AUTHORIZED- (1) The Secretary is authorized, subject to the
  availability of appropriations, to enter into a contract with the Corporation
  for Public Broadcasting to arrange for the production and dissemination of
  family literacy programming and accompanying materials which would assist
  parents in improving family literacy skills and language development. In
  producing and developing such programming, the Corporation for Public
  Broadcasting shall work in cooperation with local public broadcasting
  stations to avoid duplication of efforts.
  (2) After the program described in paragraph (1) is produced, the Corporation
  for Public Broadcasting shall arrange to have audio and video instructional
  media materials for distribution at sites chosen from among--
  (A) State and local libraries operating literacy programs, and
  (B) nonprofit entities serving hard-to-serve populations as defined in
  section 304(b)(2), including community-based organizations, volunteer
  organizations and other nongovernmental entities.
  (3) The audio and video instructional media materials described in paragraph
  (2) shall be used at sites described in paragraph (2), and on a loan basis,
  distributed to families.
  (4) One year after distribution of the audio and video instructional media
  materials, the Corporation for Public Broadcasting shall report to the
  Congress on the distribution and use of the audio and video instructional
  media materials produced pursuant to this subsection and such audio and
  video instructional media materials' contribution in promoting literacy.
  (b) AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS- There are authorized to be appropriated
  $2,000,000 for fiscal year 1991 to carry out the provisions of subsection
  (i), of which $100,000 shall be reserved for reproducing and distributing
  programming or audio and video instructional media materials.
PART D--BUSINESS LEADERSHIP FOR EMPLOYMENT SKILLS
SEC. 341. EDUCATION PROGRAMS FOR COMMERCIAL DRIVERS.
  Part C of the Adult Education Act (20 U.S.C. 1211 et seq.) is amended by
  inserting at the end thereof the following new section 373:
`SEC. 373. EDUCATION PROGRAMS FOR COMMERCIAL DRIVERS.
  `(a) PROGRAM AUTHORIZED- The Secretary is authorized to make grants on a
  competitive basis to pay the Federal share of the costs of establishing and
  operating adult education programs which increase the literacy skills of
  eligible commercial drivers so that such drivers may successfully complete
  the knowledge test requirements under the Commercial Motor Vehicle Safety
  Act of 1986.
  `(b) FEDERAL SHARE- The Federal share of the costs of the adult education
  programs authorized under subsection (a) shall be 50 percent. Nothing in
  this subsection shall be construed to require States to meet the non-Federal
  share from State funds.
  `(c) ELIGIBLE ENTITIES- Entities eligible to receive a grant under this
  section include--
  `(1) private employers employing commercial drivers in partnership with
  agencies, colleges, or universities described in paragraph (2);
  `(2) local educational agencies, State educational agencies, colleges,
  universities, or community colleges;
  `(3) approved apprentice training programs; and
  `(4) labor organizations, the memberships of which includes commercial
  drivers.
  `(d) REFERRAL PROGRAM- Grantees shall refer individuals who are identified
  as having literacy skill problems to appropriate adult education programs
  as authorized under this Act.
  `(e) DEFINITIONS- For purposes of this section:
  `(1) The term `approved apprentice training programs' has the meaning
  given such term in the National Apprenticeship Act of 1937.
  `(2) The term `eligible commercial driver' means a driver licensed prior
  to the requirements of the Commercial Motor Vehicle Safety Act of 1986.
  `(f) AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS- There are authorized to be appropriated
  $3,000,000 for each of fiscal years 1991 and 1992.'.
PART E--BOOKS FOR FAMILIES
SEC. 351. INEXPENSIVE BOOK DISTRIBUTION PROGRAM.
  (a) PRIORITY- Section 1563(b) of the Elementary and Secondary Education
  Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 2963) is amended by--
  (1) striking `and' at the end of paragraph (2);
  (2) by redesignating paragraph (3) as paragraph (4); and
  (3) by adding the following new paragraph after paragraph (2):
  `(3) beginning in fiscal year 1991 and each fiscal year thereafter,
  the contractor will give priority in the selection of additional local
  programs to programs and projects which serve children and students with
  special needs including, but not limited to--
  `(A) low-income children (particularly such children in high poverty areas);
  `(B) children at-risk for school failure;
  `(C) disabled children;
  `(D) emotionally disturbed children;
  `(E) foster children;
  `(F) homeless children;
  `(G) migrant children;
  `(H) children without access to libraries;
  `(I) institutionalized or incarcerated children; and
  `(J) children whose parents are institutionalized or incarcerated; and'.
  (b) STUDY- Reading is Fundamental will report to the Secretary of Education
  annually regarding the number and description of the additional programs
  funded under subsection 1563(a)(3) of the Elementary and Secondary Education
  Act of 1965.
SEC. 352. LIBRARY LITERACY PROGRAMS.
  Section 601 of the Library Services and Construction Act (20 U.S.C. 375)
  is amended by inserting at the end thereof the following new subsection:
  `(f) In awarding grants under this section the Secretary shall give priority
  to programs and services which--
  `(1) will be delivered in areas of greatest need which have highest
  concentrations of adults who do not have a secondary education or its
  equivalent, and which--
  `(A) have few community or financial resources to establish the program
  described under this section without Federal assistance, or
  `(B) have low per capita income, unemployment or underemployment; and
  `(2) coordinate with literacy organizations and community based organizations
  providing literacy services.'.
PART F--STUDENTS FOR LITERACY
SEC. 361. STUDENT LITERACY CORPS.
  (a) GENERAL AUTHORITY- Section 146 of the Higher Education Act of 1965
  (20 U.S.C. 1018e) is amended to read as follows:
`SEC. 146. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.
  `There are authorized to be appropriated to carry out the provisions of
  this part $11,000,000 for fiscal year 1991.'.
  (b) TECHNICAL AMENDMENT- Section 144(b)(2)(B) of the Higher Education Act
  of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 1018c) is amended by--
  (1) by striking `6' and inserting `60'; and
  (2) by striking `each week of' and inserting `during'.
PART G--VOLUNTEERS FOR LITERACY
SEC. 371. LITERACY CHALLENGE GRANTS.
  (a) GENERAL AUTHORITY- Part C of title I of the Domestic Volunteer Service
  Act of 1973 (42 U.S.C. 4991 et seq.) is amended by adding at the end
  thereof the following new section:
`LITERACY CHALLENGE GRANTS
  `SEC. 125. (a) The Director is authorized to award challenge grants to
  eligible public agencies and private organizations to pay the Federal
  share of the costs of establishing, operating or expanding community or
  employee literacy programs or projects that include the use of full-time
  or part-time volunteers as one method of addressing illiteracy.
  `(b) Each eligible organization desiring a grant under this section shall
  submit to the ACTION Agency an application in such form and accompanied
  by such information as the Director may reasonably require. Each such
  application shall--
  `(1) describe the activities for which assistance is sought,
  `(2) contain assurances that the eligible organization will provide from
  non-Federal sources the non-Federal share of the cost of the program
  or project,
  `(3) provide assurances, satisfactory to the Director, that the literacy
  project will be operated in cooperation with other public and private
  agencies and organizations interested in, and qualified to, combat illiteracy
  in the community where the project is to be conducted, and
  `(4) contain such other information and assurances as the Director may
  reasonably require.
  `(c)(1)(A) The Federal share of the cost of a program or project authorized
  by this section administered by a public agency, a nonprofit organization
  other than an organization described in paragraph (2), or a private,
  for-profit organization shall not exceed--
  `(i) 80 percent in the first fiscal year;
  `(ii) 70 percent in the second fiscal year; and
  `(iii) 60 percent in the third fiscal year.
  `(B) The non-Federal share paid by a private, for-profit organization
  shall be in cash.
  `(2) The Federal share of the cost of a program or project administered
  by a nonprofit or community-based organization shall not exceed--
  `(A) 90 percent in the first fiscal year;
  `(B) 80 percent in the second fiscal year; and
  `(C) 70 percent in the third fiscal year.
  `(3) The non-Federal share provided by a public agency or a nonprofit or
  community-based organization may be provided in cash, or in kind, fairly
  evaluated, and may include the use of plant, equipment, and services.'.
  (b) AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS- Section 501(c) of the Domestic
  Volunteer Service Act of 1973) Act (42 U.S.C. 5081) is amended by--
  (1) inserting `(1)' after the subsection designation; and
  (2) inserting at the end thereof the following new paragraphs:
  `(2) Except as provided in paragraph (3) and in addition to the amounts
  authorized to be appropriated pursuant to paragraph (1) there is authorized
  to be appropriated $2,500,000 for the fiscal year 1991 and such sums as
  may be necessary for each of the 1992 and 1993 for Literacy Challenge
  Grants under section 125.
  `(3) No funds shall be appropriated pursuant to paragraph (2) in any fiscal
  year unless--
  `(A) the funds available in such fiscal year for the VISTA Program under
  part A of title I are sufficient to provide the years of volunteer service
  specified for such fiscal year under section 501(d)(1) for the VISTA
  Program; and
  `(B) the funds available in such fiscal year for the VISTA Literacy Corps
  under part A of title I are sufficient to provide at least the same years
  of volunteer service as were provided in the fiscal year preceding such
  fiscal year.'.
PART H--LITERACY FOR INCARCERATED INDIVIDUALS
SEC. 387. MANDATORY EDUCATION FOR INCARCERATED ADULTS.
  Section 321 of the Adult Education Act (20 U.S.C. 1203) is amended--
  (1) by striking `From' and inserting the following:
  `(a) PROGRAM AUTHORIZED- Subject to subsection (b), from'; and
  (2) by adding at the end the following:
  `(b) MANDATORY LITERACY PROGRAM- (1) Before the expiration of the 2-year
  period beginning on the date of the enactment of the Equity and Excellence in
  Education Act of 1990, each State correctional system and each local jail or
  detention center with an inmate population shall have in effect a mandatory
  functional literacy program in at least 1 major correctional facility.
  `(2) Provided that adequate funds are available before the expiration of
  the 5-year period beginning on the date of the enactment of the Equity and
  Excellence in Education Act of 1990, each State correctional system and
  each local jail or detention center with an over 150 inmate population shall
  have in effect a functional literacy program in each correctional facility.
  `(3) Each mandatory functional literacy program required by paragraphs
  (1) and (2) shall include--
  `(A) a requirement that each individual incarcerated in a State corrections
  system, or in a local jail or detention center with an over 150 inmate
  population, who is serving a sentence of at least 1 year, and who is not
  functionally literate participate in such program until such individual--
  `(i) achieves functional literacy;
  `(ii) is granted parole;
  `(iii) completes his or her sentence; or
  `(iv) is released pursuant to a court order;
  `(B) a prohibition on granting parole to any individual described in
  subparagraph (A) who refuses to participate in such program;
  `(C) adequate opportunities for appropriate educational services and
  testing of all inmates for functional literacy upon reception; and
  `(D) an inmate participation incentive program which may include--
  `(i) better housing opportunities;
  `(ii) monetary incentives for achievement; and
  `(iii) positive reports from the education department to the parole
  authorities for inmates who participate and progress in the literacy program.
  `(4) For purposes of this subsection, the term `functional literacy'
  means either--
  `(A) an eighth grade equivalence in reading on a nationally recognized
  standardized test;
  `(B) functional competency or literacy on a nationally recognized
  criterion-referenced test; or
  `(C) a combination of subparagraphs (A) and (B).
  `(5) Any individual serving a life sentence without parole, or who is
  terminally ill, or under a sentence of death shall not be required to
  participate in a mandatory functional literacy program.
  `(6) The Secretary shall waive the application of paragraph (3)(B) in any
  case in which a court order requires early release of an individual due
  to a constitutional consideration.
  `(7) Each State facility and jail required to participate in this program
  shall make an annual report to the Secretary on the results of its mandatory
  literacy program. Such report shall include the--
  `(A) number of individuals tested for eligibility;
  `(B) number of individuals eligible for the program;
  `(C) number of individuals participating in the program;
  `(D) numbers of hours of instruction per week; and
  `(E) sample data on achievement of students.
  `(8) Parole agencies are encouraged to make educational recommendations
  for those being released who do not have a marketable job skill or a high
  school diploma.
  `(9) Jails with less than a 150 inmate population are encouraged to develop
  mandatory functional literacy programs as described in paragraph (3).'.
TITLE IV--TEACHER TRAINING
SEC. 401. SHORT TITLE.
  This title may be cited as the `Teachers Act'.
SEC. 402. FINDINGS.
  The Congress finds that--
  (1) the quality of the Nation's schools depends primarily on the men and
  women who teach in such schools;
  (2) the United States will need 2,500,000 new teachers between 1990 and
  2000, yet only 100,000 teachers per year are prepared for licensure;
  (3) talented individuals interested in teaching need to be encouraged
  to maintain their interest, and will need support in entering and paying
  for college;
  (4) the status of the teaching profession must be raised through increased
  recognition and professional opportunities for teachers so that the best
  teachers remain in the classroom and talented individuals are attracted
  to teaching;
  (5) efforts must be made to direct the supply of teachers to areas of need;
  (6) there are shortages of teachers with specialized kinds of training,
  including early childhood education, bilingual education, and special
  education and related services;
  (7) there are severe shortages of minority teachers, as demonstrated by--
  (A) only 10 percent of the Nation's teaching force are Black, Hispanic,
  Native American or Asian American, while more than 30 percent of the Nation's
  school children are Black, Hispanic, Native American or Asian American;
  (B) in urban areas, minorities comprise 70 percent of the students, but
  only 32 percent of the teachers; and
  (C) under current trends, by the year 2000, minority students will
  comprise more than one-third of elementary and secondary school enrollments
  nationally, but only 5 percent of teachers:
  (8) the lack of role models for minority children and children with
  disabilities hampers the academic progress of all children;
  (9) traditional routes to the teaching profession have not encouraged
  enough minorities and individuals with disabilities to enter the teaching
  profession;
  (10) significant efforts must be made to increase the number of minority
  teachers, and to overcome additional barriers to such goals;
  (11) the United States is falling far behind other industrial nations in
  educational achievements, as demonstrated by students in the United States
  scoring lower on math and science tests than such student's counterparts in
  other industrial countries, and students in the United States ranking last
  in biology, next to last in chemistry, and close to the bottom in physics;
  (12) young people complete school with little or no understanding of history
  and the rights and responsibilities of citizenship, yet the preservation of
  our Nation's freedom depends on a knowledgeable and reasoned commitment
  to basic democratic values by students, and informed and responsible
  participation in government by the public;
  (13) the quality of education provided in our Nation's schools has a direct
  impact upon the prosperity, productivity, and well-being of the Nation as
  a whole; and
  (14) the Federal Government has a leadership role in leading the charge for
  renewed public commitment to the support of teachers and teacher training.
PART A--PERKINS LOANS AND DOUGLAS TEACHER SCHOLARSHIPS
SEC. 411. PERKINS LOAN CANCELLATION.
  Section 465 of the Act is amended by adding at the end thereof the following
  new subsection:
  `(c) SPECIAL RULES- (1) If the list of schools in which a teacher may
  perform service pursuant to subparagraph (A) of paragraph (2) of subsection
  (a) is not available before May 1 of any year, the Secretary may use the
  list for the year preceding the year for which the determination is made
  to make such service determination.
  `(2) Any teacher who performs service in a school which--
  `(A) meets the requirements of subparagraph (A) of paragraph (2) of
  subsection (a) in any year; and
  `(B) in a subsequent year fails to meet the requirements of such
  subparagraph,
may continue to teach in such school and shall be eligible for loan
cancellation pursuant to paragraph (1) of subsection (a) in such subsequent
years.'.
SEC. 412. DOUGLAS TEACHER SCHOLARSHIP AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.
  Section 502(d)(1) of the Higher Education Act of 1965 is amended to read
  as follows:
  `(1) For subpart 1 of part D, there are authorized to be appropriated
  $20,000,000 for fiscal year 1991.'.
PART B--FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE FOR TEACHER CORPS AND FOR OTHER INSTITUTIONAL
RECRUITMENT AND RETENTION OF INDIVIDUALS PREPARING TO ENTER THE TEACHING FORCE
SEC. 421. PURPOSE.
  It is the purpose of this part to authorize a grant program to provide
  financial assistance to institutions of higher education for the
  establishment of a Teacher Corps and for new and innovative programs to
  recruit and retain students, especially minority and language minority
  students, preparing to enter the teaching profession.
SEC. 422. GENERAL AUTHORITY.
  The Secretary shall allocate funds under this part to State agencies for
  the establishment of a Teacher Corps and for grants for new and innovative
  programs, in accordance with the requirements of this part, to institutions
  of higher education submitting applications that meet the requirements of
  section 424(a) and plans that meet the requirements of section 424(b).
SEC. 423. ALLOCATION OF FUNDS.
  (a) ALLOCATION OF FUNDS TO STATE AGENCIES-
  (1) ALLOCATION FORMULA- The Secretary shall allocate funds appropriated under
  section 430 for any fiscal year among States entering into agreements with
  the Secretary that meet the requirements of paragraph (2). Such allocation
  shall be made in accordance with an allocation formula which the Secretary
  shall prescribe by regulation. Such formula shall provide for an equitable
  distribution of such funds among the States and shall--
  (A) take into account the number of institutions in the States that are
  eligible for grant priority under subsection (b)(2) and the number of
  students enrolled in such institutions;
  (B) take into account evidence of teacher shortages; and
  (C) provide a minimum amount for each State that is sufficient to fund
  grants of sufficient size to operate at least one effective grantee program.
  (2) STATE AGREEMENTS- Any State desiring to obtain an allocation under
  paragraph (1) shall enter into an agreement with the Secretary in such
  form and containing such information and assurances as the Secretary
  may reasonably require by regulation for the effective administration
  by the State of the grant program under this part. Such agreement shall,
  at a minimum--
  (A) designate either the State educational agency or the State higher
  educational agency to administer the grant program under subsection (b);
  (B) provide for the close coordination of the program between the State
  educational agency and State higher educational agency;
  (C) provide for the selection of grant recipients in accordance with
  subsection (b) and (c); and
  (D) provide (i) for such fiscal controls and fund accounting procedures
  as may be necessary to assure proper disbursement and accounting for grant
  funds, and (ii) for the making of such reports, in such form and containing
  such information, as may be reasonably necessary to enable the Secretary
  to perform the functions required by this part.
  (b) INSTITUTIONAL AWARD- With 80 percent of the amount allocated under
  subsection (a), the State agency shall award grants to institutions of
  higher education located in such State. In making such awards, the State
  agency shall--
  (1) evaluate the applications and plans submitted by such institutions in
  accordance with such competitive criteria as the Secretary shall prescribe
  by regulation;
  (2) give priority to the applications and plans submitted by--
  (A) 2-year and baccalaureate degree granting institutions, with significant
  minority populations, which are eligible institutions under title III of
  the Higher Education Act of 1965;
  (B) institutions of higher education which have prepared and are preparing
  substantial numbers of teachers for service in rural schools, geographically
  isolated areas, or inner city areas;
  (C) institutions which have large numbers of Pell Grant recipients; and
  (D) baccalaureate degree granting institutions of higher education that
  will provide Teacher Corps members transferring from community and junior
  colleges with Teacher Corps scholarships.
  (c) LOCAL EDUCATIONAL AGENCY AWARD- With 20 percent of the amount allocated
  under subsection (a), the State educational agency shall award grants to
  local educational agencies located in such State to establish or expand
  induction and mentor programs in accordance with this part. In making
  such awards, the State educational agency shall give priority in awarding
  grants to local educational agencies with the greatest proportion of
  disadvantaged students.
  (d) SPECIAL RULE- The State educational agency, in cooperation with local
  educational agencies, shall inform Teacher Corps members of areas with
  teacher shortages which have induction programs for new teachers.
SEC. 424. INSTITUTION OF HIGHER EDUCATION USE OF FUNDS; APPLICATIONS AND PLANS.
  (a) APPLICATION- Any institution of higher education desiring to obtain
  a grant under this part shall submit an application to the State agency
  designated under section 423(a)(2)(A) at such time, in such form and
  containing or accompanied by such information or assurances as the Secretary
  may require by regulation.
  (b) PLANS- Each institution of higher education desiring to obtain a grant
  under this part shall--
  (1) prepare, develop, update, and submit to such State agency a plan which
  will enhance the recruitment and retention of students seeking careers in
  teaching, with a priority to--
  (A) individuals from disadvantaged backgrounds, including racial,
  ethnic and language minorities and individuals with disabilities, who are
  underrepresented in the teaching profession or in the curricular areas in
  which they are preparing to teach;
  (B) individuals who qualify and have need for financial assistance and
  who demonstrate high academic achievement and potential for success in
  the teaching profession;
  (2) include in such plan--
  (A) specific recruitment strategies for reaching individuals in secondary
  schools, community colleges, other careers, or other agencies and
  institutions from which candidates are to be drawn;
  (B) specific retention strategies and activities, such as preinduction,
  summer sessions, awareness in instructional technology, field trips,
  academic support services, including internships and mentoring programs
  and similar activities;
  (C) specific recruitment and retention strategies developed by the
  institution of higher education with one or more local educational agencies,
  community colleges, or other agencies or institutions from which candidates
  are to be drawn;
  (D) one or more adopted agreements, or a description of progress toward
  adoption of such agreements, between the institution of higher education
  and community colleges which (i) assure that transfer students will receive
  course credit and not be burdened with additional course requirements
  which impede or alter the normal sequence and graduation process, and (ii)
  describe the available financial assistance for which transfer students
  may be eligible;
  (E) specific methods by which the institution of higher education will be
  working with local educational agencies to assist prospective graduates
  with job placement upon meeting all graduation requirements;
  (F) the goals and objectives which are to be used to indicate the degree
  of success being obtained by the grant recipient in its program under this
  part, including specific timelines; and
  (G) the special plans, if any, which will assure that students are being
  prepared for careers in rural or geographically isolated communities or
  inner city areas;
  (H) a description of coordination between the activities of the Teacher
  Corps and other teacher recruitment or retention activities;
  (3) develop and implement such plan after consultation and in coordination
  with local nonprofit agencies that the institution determines have the
  capability to assist the institution in recruitment and retention activities
  under this part;
  (4) describe how the institution of higher education will develop, implement,
  and administer a Teacher Corps scholarship program in accordance with
  this part.
  (c) USE OF FUNDS- An institution of higher education may use funds provided
  under this part only for the conduct of activities that are specifically
  described in the plan submitted in accordance with subsection (b) of this
  section. Not less than 35 percent of funds received by any institution
  of higher education under section 423(b) shall be used for the purposes
  described in subsection (b)(4) of this section.
SEC. 425. TEACHER CORPS; SCHOLARSHIP PROGRAM.
  (a) DESIGNATION- (1) A scholarship awarded under this part shall be referred
  to as a `Teacher Corps scholarship'.
  (2) A recipient of a scholarship under this part shall be referred to as a
  `Teacher Corps member'.
  (b) LIMITATIONS ON AMOUNT AND DURATION- Subject to subsection (h), each
  Teacher Corps member shall receive a $5,000 scholarship for each academic
  year of postsecondary education, except that no individual shall receive
  scholarship assistance for more than 3 years of postsecondary education
  (including post-baccalaureate), as determined by the institution of higher
  education in accordance with subsection (h) of this section.
  (c) ELIGIBILITY- (1) An individual is eligible to receive Teacher Corps
  scholarships for a maximum of 3 years during enrollment in any of the
  following programs of study, or a combination thereof:
  (A) a program of study leading to a baccalaureate or associate's degree;
  (B) a 1- or 2-year post-baccalaureate program of study leading to a masters
  or specialist degree or a teaching certificate; or
  (C) a 2-year program of study leading to an associate's degree in early
  childhood education or early childhood development, or a 1-year program
  of study leading to a child development associate credential.
  (2) An individual pursuing a program of study described in paragraph (1)(B)
  is eligible to receive a Teacher Corps scholarship during any of the first
  3 years that such individual is employed as a teacher to defray the costs
  of pursuing such post-baccalaureate instruction.
  (d) ADDITIONAL ELIGIBILITY- Teacher Corps scholarships may also be
  provided to individuals studying or intending to study to become school
  psychologists, school social workers, school counselors, and school library
  media specialists.
  (e) SPECIAL CONSIDERATION- The institution of higher education shall
  give special consideration in the selection of Teacher Corps members to
  individuals who--
  (1) intend to teach or provide related services to students with
  disabilities;
  (2) intend to teach limited English proficient students; or
  (3) intend to teach preschool age children.
  (f) CRITERIA- The institution of higher education shall establish criteria
  for the selection of Teacher Corps members that will assist in attracting
  highly qualified individuals to teaching, and in meeting the needs of
  States in addressing teacher shortages, including--
  (1) in the case of students or recent graduates, strong academic promise,
  or in other cases contributions which can be made by individuals working
  in other careers; and
  (2) a demonstrated interest in teaching, or skill or professional experience
  in substantive fields of expertise in which the State is experiencing
  teacher shortages.
  (g) CONSIDERATION OF AWARD IN OTHER PROGRAMS- Each Teacher Corps scholarship
  awarded pursuant to this part shall be considered in determining eligibility
  for student assistance under title IV of the Higher Education Act of 1965.
  (h) ASSISTANCE NOT TO EXCEED NEED- Each Teacher Corps scholarship, when added
  to assistance received under title IV of the Higher Education Act of 1965,
  if any, shall not exceed the cost of attendance, as defined in section 472
  of such Act, at the institution the individual is attending. If the amount
  of the Teacher Corps scholarship and assistance received under title IV of
  such Act, exceeds the cost of attendance, loans received under parts B,
  D, or E of such title shall be reduced by an amount equal to the amount
  by which the combined awards exceed the cost of attendance.
SEC. 426. TEACHER CORPS; SCHOLARSHIP CONDITIONS.
  (a) SCHOLARSHIP AGREEMENT- (1) Each individual receiving a scholarship
  under this part shall enter into a written agreement with the institution of
  higher education which shall provide assurances that each such individual--
  (A) will pursue a course of study which meets State requirements for
  teacher preparation;
  (B) will maintain satisfactory academic progress and participate in
  teaching-related activities while in undergraduate or post-baccalaureate
  programs;
  (C) will work as a teacher or other eligible school professional upon
  completion of such individual's education for 5 years in a school which
  qualifies under section 465(a)(2)(A) of the Higher Education Act of 1965 for
  loan cancellation for Perkins loan recipients who teach in such schools,
  except that Teacher Corps members may transfer to another such school in
  a local educational agency with an induction program upon approval of the
  sending and receiving local educational agency;
  (D) will repay all or part of a Teacher Corps scholarship received under
  section 425(b), plus interest and, if applicable, reasonable collection fees,
  in compliance with procedures defined by the institution of higher education
  under subsection (c), in the event that the conditions of subparagraph (C)
  are not complied with, except as provided for in subsections (c)(2) or (d);
  (E) at least during the first year of employment, will participate in an
  induction program which includes working with a mentor teacher selected by
  the local educational agency in which the Teacher Corps member is employed
  and who, to the extent practicable, has the same substantive field of
  expertise as the Teacher Corps member;
  (F) who is not enrolled in a program of study as set forth in section
  425(c)(1)(C) will obtain full State teacher certification within 3 years
  of employment as a teacher or as soon as possible thereafter as State
  law requires;
  (G) will, subject to approval of the local educational agency, participate in
  an induction program for new teachers during the fifth year of employment, by
  serving as a mentor to new Teacher Corps members, or to other new teachers,
  or by making some other contribution to the induction program; and
  (H) understands such individual's obligation to repay such scholarships
  upon failure to comply with the conditions of the scholarship.
  (2) For the purpose of paragraph (1)(C) of this subsection and subsection
  (b), section 465(a)(2)(A) of the Higher Education Act of 1965 shall be
  applied by substituting `25 percent' for `50 percent'.
  (b) SPECIAL RULES- (1) If the list of schools in which a teacher may
  perform service pursuant to section 465(a)(2)(A) of the Higher Education
  Act of 1965 is not available before May 1 of any year, the Secretary may
  use the list for the year preceding the year for which the determination
  is made to make such service determination.
  (2) Any teacher who performs service pursuant to the provisions of subsection
  (a)(1)(C) in a school which--
  (A) meets the requirements of section 465(a)(2)(A) of the Higher Education
  Act of 1965 in any year; and
  (B) in a subsequent year fails to meet the requirements of such subparagraph,
may continue to teach in such school and shall continue to be eligible for
a scholarship under this part.
  (c) SCHOLARSHIP REPAYMENT- (1) Individuals found by the institution of
  higher education to be in noncompliance with the agreement entered into
  under subsection (a) shall be required to repay to the institution of
  higher education a pro rata amount of the scholarship awards received,
  plus interest at the highest rate applicable to loans under part B of title
  IV of the Higher Education Act of 1965 and, where applicable, reasonable
  collection fees.
  (2) An individual shall not be considered to be in violation of the
  agreement entered into pursuant to subsection (a) during any period in
  which such individual meets the exception to repayment provisions set
  forth in section 558(a)(1), 558(a)(2), 558(a)(3) or 558(b) of the Higher
  Education Act of 1965, or if the individual dies.
  (3) If a portion of scholarship is repaid under this subsection in any
  year, the entire amount of interest on such portion of such scholarship
  which accrues for such year shall be repaid.
  (4) Any repayments of scholarships made to the institution of higher
  education pursuant to the provisions of this section shall be used by
  the institution of higher education to award additional scholarships in
  accordance with the provisions of this part.
  (d) WAIVER- The institution of higher education may provide for the partial
  or total waiver or suspension of any service obligation or repayment by an
  individual who received a Teacher Corps scholarship whenever compliance by
  such individual is impossible or would involve extreme hardship to such
  individual, or if enforcement of such obligation with respect to such
  individual would be unconscionable.
SEC. 427. TEACHER CORPS INDUCTION PROGRAM; APPLICATION AND USE OF FUNDS.
  (a) APPLICATION- Each local educational agency desiring a grant under
  this part shall submit an application to the State educational agency at
  such time, in such manner, and containing such information as the State
  educational agency may reasonably require. Each such application shall
  describe the induction program for new Teacher Corps members and other
  new teachers which will be established, expanded, or both, with funds made
  available under this part.
  (b) USE OF FUNDS- Each local educational agency receiving a grant under
  this part may use such funds to--
  (1) establish, operate, expand and evaluate induction programs for new
  Teacher Corps members and other new teachers, including--
  (A) orientation;
  (B) using mentor teachers to work closely with new teachers;
  (C) curriculum guidance; and
  (D) increasing the preparedness of all classroom teachers for the
  participation in the classrooms of such teachers, of particular populations
  of students, such as disadvantaged students, students with disabilities,
  students who are limited English proficient, and students from diverse
  cultural backgrounds; and
  (2) ensure that Teacher Corps members participate in an induction program
  for a minimum of one year, including working with a mentor teacher designated
  by the local educational agency.
  (c) INDUCTION PROGRAMS- The induction programs described in subsection
  (b)(1) may be developed in cooperation with institutions of higher education.
SEC. 428. SECRETARY'S RESPONSIBILITIES.
  The Secretary shall pursuant to this part--
  (1) disseminate information nationally about the availability of scholarships
  under this part to individuals leaving the armed services; and
  (2) conduct activities, with the cooperation of the State educational
  agency, which foster communication among, and bring together, members of
  the Teacher Corps including activities such as written communications,
  meetings, or training sessions.
SEC. 429. REPORTS AND EVALUATION.
  (a) REPORTS- (1) Any institution of higher education receiving a grant
  under this part shall submit to the Secretary an annual report and a final
  report containing such information as the Secretary may reasonably require--
  (A) to determine whether the institution has attained the goals and
  objectives (including timelines) set forth in its plan under section
  424(b)(2)(F); and
  (B) to evaluate the success of the programs under this part in achieving
  the purposes of this part.
  (2) Any local educational agency receiving a grant under this part shall
  submit to the Secretary a biennial report containing such information as
  the Secretary may reasonably require--
  (A) to determine whether the institution has attained the objectives
  (including timelines) set forth in its plan under section 424(b)(2); and
  (B) to evaluate the success of the programs under this part in achieving
  the purposes of this part.
  (3) Any local educational agency receiving a grant under this part shall,
  before the end of the grant period, conduct an independent evaluation of
  programs conducted with funds provided under this part to determine the
  impact of induction and mentor programs on teacher retention.
  (b) EVALUATION- The Secretary shall prepare and submit to the Congress,
  not later than the 3rd and 5th years after the date of enactment of this
  Act, an evaluation of the effectiveness of the program authorized by this
  part in attaining the purpose of this part. Such report shall contain
  any recommendations the Secretary considers appropriate for changes in
  such program.
SEC. 430. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.
  There are authorized to be appropriated to carry out this part $70,000,000
  for fiscal year 1991 and such sums as may be necessary for each of the 4
  succeeding fiscal years.
PART C--ACADEMIC AREAS OF NATIONAL IMPORTANCE
Subpart 1--Foreign Languages
SEC. 431. FINDINGS AND STATEMENT OF PURPOSE.
  (a) FINDINGS- The Congress finds that--
  (1) students in the United States have demonstrated deficiencies in
  knowledge of foreign languages;
  (2) the Federal Government has a vested interest in ensuring that all
  students learn about the diverse cultural heritage of the Nation and the
  world community so that the Nation's ability to compete in the global
  marketplace is preserved; and
  (3) the future economic welfare and national security of the United States
  will substantially depend upon our ability to educate our citizens to
  communicate in other languages, yet only 17 percent of public elementary
  schools offer any form of language instruction.
  (b) STATEMENT OF RESPONSIBILITY- It is the responsibility of the Federal
  Government to--
  (1) expand foreign language programs in elementary schools, secondary
  schools, and institutions of higher education; and
  (2) equip students with the necessary language skills for productive
  employment in the global marketplace.
SEC. 432. STAR SCHOOLS PROGRAM APPLICATION.
  (a) AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS- Section 903(b) of the Star Schools
  Program Assistance Act is amended by inserting at the end thereof the
  following new paragraph:
  `(4) There are authorized to be appropriated for fiscal year 1993 such
  sums as may be necessary to carry out the provisions of this Act.'.
  (b) APPLICATION- Section 905(b)(2) of the Star Schools Program Assistance
  Act is amended to read as follows:
  `(2) describe, in the case of an application for assistance for instructional
  programming, the types of programming which will be developed to enhance
  instruction and training, and provide assurances that such programming
  will be designed in consultation with teachers of the applicable subject
  matter and grade level;'.
  (c) COORDINATION- Any Federal agency operating a star schools program
  shall coordinate such program with the Department of Education.
SEC. 433. DEMONSTRATION GRANTS FOR CRITICAL LANGUAGE AND AREA STUDIES.
  (a) PROGRAM AUTHORITY- The Secretary is authorized to make demonstration
  grants to eligible consortia to operate critical languages and area studies
  programs, develop and acquire educational equipment and materials, and
  develop teacher training programs, texts, curriculum, and other activities
  designed to improve and expand the instruction of foreign languages at
  elementary and secondary schools across the Nation.
  (b) GRANT LIMITATION- No grant under this section shall exceed $2,000,000
  to any consortium in any fiscal year, but shall be of sufficient size, scope
  and quality for a program of comprehensive instruction of foreign languages.
  (c) SPECIAL RULES- (1) In awarding grants under this section, the Secretary
  shall give priority to consortia with demonstrated, proven effectiveness
  in the field of critical language and area studies and which have been in
  existence for 1 year prior to applying for a grant under this section.
  (2) In awarding grants under this section, the Secretary, in accordance with
  the provisions of paragraph (1), shall take into consideration providing
  an equitable geographic distribution of such grants among the regions of
  the United States.
  (3) Each eligible consortium receiving a grant under this section shall
  include in the activities assisted pursuant to such grant, a study abroad
  or cultural exchange program.
  (d) ELIGIBLE CONSORTIA- (1) For the purposes of this section, the term
  `eligible consortium' means a cooperative effort between entities in one
  or more States that must include at least 4 schools of which--
  (A) one shall be an institution of higher education;
  (B) one shall be a secondary school with experience in teaching critical
  foreign languages;
  (C) one shall be a secondary school with experience in teaching critical
  foreign languages and in which at least 25 percent of the students are
  eligible to be counted under chapter 1 of title I of the Elementary and
  Secondary Education Act of 1965; and
  (D) one shall be a secondary school in which at least 25 percent of the
  students are eligible to be counted under chapter 1 of title I of the
  Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965.
  (2) Each eligible consortia described in paragraph (1) may include a
  not-for-profit organization to provide services not otherwise available
  from the entities described in paragraph (1).
  (e) ADMINISTRATION- No more than 10 percent of each grant shall be used
  for administrative expenses.
  (f) APPLICATION- (1) Except as provided in paragraph (2), each eligible
  consortia desiring a grant under this section shall submit an application
  to the Secretary at such time, in such manner and accompanied by such
  information as the Secretary may reasonably require.
  (2) The State educational agency or State higher education agency
  responsible for the supervision of any one school participating in an
  eligible consortium may submit the application described in paragraph (1)
  on behalf of such eligible consortium.
  (g) AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS- There are authorized to be appropriated
  $10,000,000 for fiscal year 1992 and such sums as may be necessary for
  each of the fiscal years 1993, 1994, and 1995 to carry out the provisions
  of this section.
Subpart 2--Training and Instructional Materials
SEC. 436. TRAINING OF ELEMENTARY AND SECONDARY SCHOOL TEACHERS.
  (a) GRANTS AUTHORIZED- The Secretary is authorized to provide grants to
  institutions of higher education or nonprofit organizations of demonstrated
  effectiveness to develop innovative and model programs that integrate
  foreign language and culture, democracy and civic education, geography,
  and international studies into practicing and preservice elementary school
  teacher education and, after the needs of elementary school teachers have
  been met, into practicing and preservice secondary school teacher education.
  (b) PROPOSALS- To receive a grant under this section, an institution of
  higher education, on behalf of its school or department of education,
  and in cooperation with a liberal arts department, shall--
  (1) submit a proposal to the Secretary at such time and containing such
  information as the Secretary shall require; and
  (2) submit a copy of the proposal for review to the appropriate State
  educational agency or agencies that administer elementary, secondary,
  and postsecondary programs.
  (c) AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS- There are authorized to be appropriated
  to carry out this section $8,000,000 for each of the fiscal years 1991,
  1992, and 1993.
SEC. 437. DEVELOPMENT OF FOREIGN LANGUAGE AND CULTURE INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIALS.
  (a) GRANTS AUTHORIZED- The Secretary of Education is authorized to provide
  grants on a competitive basis to qualified State and local educational
  agencies, institutions of higher education, private nonprofit foreign
  language organizations, nonprofit education associations, or a consortium
  thereof, to enable such entity or entities to act as a resource center for--
  (1) coordinating the development of, and disseminate, foreign language and
  culture instructional material, including children's literature in foreign
  languages, videotapes, computer software, and teacher's instructional kits
  relating to international study; and
  (2) encouraging the expanded use of technology in teaching foreign languages
  and culture at the elementary school level and, when the needs of elementary
  schools have been met, at the secondary school level, with a particular
  emphasis on expanding the use of technology in teaching foreign languages
  and culture at elementary and secondary schools that have proportionally
  fewer resources available for teaching foreign languages and cultures,
  including urban and rural areas.
  (b) COORDINATION- In developing materials and technologies under this
  section, the Secretary shall, where appropriate, make use of materials
  and technologies developed under the Star Schools Assistance Program.
  (c) AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS- There are authorized to be appropriated
  to carry out this section $4,000,000 for each of the fiscal years 1991,
  1992, and 1993.
PART D--NATIONAL FOUNDATION FOR EXCELLENCE
SEC. 441. SHORT TITLE.
  This part may be cited as the `National Foundation for Excellence Act'.
SEC. 442. FOUNDATION AUTHORIZED.
  There is established a National Foundation for Excellence (hereafter in
  this part referred to as the `Foundation').
SEC. 443. NATIONAL FOUNDATION FOR EXCELLENCE TRUST FUND.
  (a) ESTABLISHMENT- There is hereby established within the Treasury of
  the United States a Trust Fund to be known as the National Foundation
  for Excellence Trust Fund (hereafter in this section referred to as the
  `Trust Fund'), consisting of such amounts as may be appropriated to the
  Trust Fund pursuant to the authority of section 450.
  (b) TRUSTEE AND REPORT- (1) The Secretary of the Treasury shall be the
  trustee of the Trust Fund, and shall submit an annual report to the
  Committees on Finance and Labor and Human Resources of the Senate and
  the Committees on Ways and Means and Education and Labor of the House
  of Representatives--
  (A) on the financial condition and the results of the operations of the
  Trust Fund during the fiscal year preceding the fiscal year in which such
  report is submitted; and
  (B) on the expected condition and operations of the Trust Fund during the
  fiscal year in which such report is submitted.
Such report shall be printed as a House document of the session of the
Congress to which the report is made.
  (2)(A) The Secretary of the Treasury shall invest such portion of the Trust
  Fund as is not, in his judgment, required to meet current withdrawals. Such
  investments may be made only in interest-bearing obligations of the United
  States. For such purpose, such obligations may be acquired--
  (i) on original issue at the issue price, or
  (ii) by purchase of outstanding obligations at the market price.
  (B) Any obligation acquired by the Trust Fund may be sold by the Secretary
  of the Treasury at the market price.
  (C) The interest on, and the proceeds from the sale or redemption of,
  any obligations held in the Trust Fund shall be credited to and form a
  part of the Trust Fund.
  (c) USE OF TRUST FUNDS- (1)(A) Amounts in the Trust Fund shall be available
  to the Foundation to enable the Foundation to award scholarships in
  accordance with the provisions of this part.
  (B) Amounts in the Trust Fund shall only be available to the Foundation
  after the Foundation has obtained the non-Federal share of the scholarships
  to be awarded.
  (2) In fiscal year 1993 and succeeding fiscal years, amounts in the Trust
  Fund shall be available to the Secretary, in equal amounts, to carry out
  the provisions of subpart 1 of part D of title V of the Higher Education
  Act of 1965, and section 425 of this Act, respectively.
SEC. 444. NATIONAL FOUNDATION FOR EXCELLENCE BOARD.
  (a) IN GENERAL- There is established a National Foundation for Excellence
  Board (hereafter in this part referred to as the `Board').
  (b) COMPOSITION- The Board shall be composed of 20 members as follows:
  (1) 11 members appointed by the President, of which--
  (A) at least 4 such members shall have 10 years of experience in education;
  and
  (B) at least 2 of the members described in subparagraph (A) shall be
  classroom teachers;
  (2) 1 member of the Senate appointed by the Majority Leader of the Senate;
  (3) 1 member of the Senate appointed by the Minority Leader of the Senate;
  (4) 1 member of the House of Representatives appointed by the Speaker of
  the House of Representatives;
  (5) 1 member of the House of Representatives appointed by the Minority
  Leader of the House of Representatives;
  (6) 1 individual appointed by the Majority Leader of the Senate;
  (7) 1 individual appointed by the Minority Leader of the Senate;
  (8) 1 individual appointed by the Speaker of the House of Representatives;
  (9) 1 individual appointed by the Minority Leader of the House of
  Representatives; and
  (10) the Executive Director of the Foundation, who shall serve as an ex
  officio, nonvoting member of the Board.
  (c) FUNCTIONS- The Board shall establish general policies with respect to
  the functions of the Foundation under this part including--
  (1) guidelines for awarding scholarships to eligible individuals; and
  (2) procedures for the approval of applications submitted pursuant to
  section 445.
  (d) EXECUTIVE DIRECTOR- (1) The Executive Director of the Foundation shall
  be selected by the Board and shall be the chief executive officer of the
  Foundation and shall carry out the functions of the Foundation subject to
  the supervision and direction of the Board.
  (2) The Executive Director of the Foundation shall be compensated at the
  rate specified for employees in grade 18 of the General Schedule set forth
  in section 5332 of title 5 of the United States Code.
  (e) EXPENSES AND TRAVEL- (1) Members of the Board shall be reimbursed for
  expenses incurred while engaged in the business of the Board.
  (2) Members of the Board may be allowed travel expenses, including per
  diem in lieu of subsistence, as authorized by section 5703 of title 5,
  United States Code, for persons employed in Government service.
  (f) AUTHORITY TO APPOINT COMMITTEES- The Foundation may appoint committees
  to carry out the provisions of this part.
SEC. 445. SCHOLARSHIPS.
  (a) IN GENERAL- From amounts available pursuant to section 443(c),
  the Foundation shall pay the Federal share of awarding scholarships to
  eligible individuals to enable such eligible individuals to pursue careers
  in teaching.
  (b) FEDERAL SHARE- The Federal share shall be 50 percent.
  (c) ELIGIBLE INDIVIDUALS- For the purpose of this part the term `eligible
  individual' means an individual who--
  (1) has received, or is a finalist for, a Paul Douglas Scholarship or
  Teacher Corps Scholarship; or
  (2) shows exceptional talent in a particular field or as an overall student
  and who meets the eligibility requirements for either a Paul Douglas
  Scholarship or Teacher Corps Scholarship, as determined by the Foundation.
  (d) ELIGIBILITY- (1) Except as provided in paragraph (2), the Foundation
  shall award scholarships under this part only to eligible individuals who
  are eligible to receive a Stafford loan.
  (2) If in any fiscal year the Foundation has awarded scholarships to all
  applicants who are described in paragraph (1), then the Foundation may
  award scholarships to eligible individuals in such fiscal year on the
  basis of criteria established by the Foundation.
  (e) PRIORITY- In awarding scholarships under this part among equally
  qualified eligible individuals, as determined by the Board, the Foundation
  shall give priority to eligible individuals from disadvantaged backgrounds,
  including racial and ethnic minorities, and individuals with disabilities,
  who are underrepresented in the teaching professions or in the curricula
  areas in which such eligible individual is preparing to teach.
  (f) GEOGRAPHIC DISTRIBUTION- In awarding scholarships under this part
  the Foundation shall ensure an equitable geographic distribution of such
  scholarships.
  (g) DONATIONS; SPECIAL RULE- (1) The Foundation is authorized to accept
  donations. Any donation received by the Foundation shall be used by the
  Foundation to award scholarships in accordance with the provisions of
  this part.
  (2) The Foundation may use not more than one-third of any donation received
  by the Foundation pursuant to paragraph (1) to award scholarships to
  students in a State or locality specified by the donor.
  (h) APPLICATIONS- Each eligible individual desiring a scholarship under
  this part shall submit an application to the Foundation at such time,
  in such manner and containing or accompanied by such information as the
  Foundation may reasonably require.
SEC. 446. DURATION AND RELATION TO OTHER ASSISTANCE.
  (a) DURATION- Scholarships awarded under this part shall be awarded for
  a maximum of 4 years of undergraduate study and 2 years of graduate study.
  (b) CONSIDERATION OF AWARD IN OTHER PROGRAMS- Notwithstanding the provisions
  of title IV of the Higher Education Act of 1965, scholarship funds awarded
  pursuant to this part shall be considered in determining eligibility for
  student assistance under title IV of such Act.
  (c) ASSISTANCE NOT TO EXCEED COST OF ATTENDANCE- Scholarship assistance
  awarded under this part to any eligible individual in any fiscal year,
  when added to scholarship assistance received under subpart 1 of part
  D of the Higher Education Act of 1965 and section 425 of this Act shall
  not exceed the cost of attendance, as defined in section 472 of the Higher
  Education Act of 1965, at the institution of higher education such individual
  is attending. If the amount of the scholarship assistance awarded under
  this part and scholarship assistance received under title IV of the Higher
  Education Act of 1965 and under of what Act exceeds such cost of attendance,
  the assistance received under title IV and section 425 of this Act shall
  be reduced by an amount equal to the amount by which the combined awards
  exceed such cost of attendance.
SEC. 447. SCHOLARSHIP CONDITIONS.
  Each eligible individual receiving scholarship assistance under this part
  shall continue to receive such scholarship payments only during such period
  that the eligible individual is--
  (1) enrolled as a full-time student in an institution of higher education;
  (2) pursuing a course of study leading to teacher certification; and
  (3) maintaining satisfactory progress as determined by the institution of
  higher education the recipient is attending.
SEC. 448. TEACHING COMMITMENT.
  (a) IN GENERAL- Each eligible individual receiving a scholarship under
  this part who has entered into an agreement to teach pursuant to the
  provisions of section 533(b)(4) of the Higher Education Act of 1965 or
  section 426(a)(1)(C) shall incur no additional teaching commitment pursuant
  to a scholarship award received under this part.
  (b) SPECIAL RULE- Each eligible individual who receives a scholarship under
  this part and who has not entered into an agreement to teach pursuant to
  the provisions of section 553(b)(4) of the Higher Education Act of 1965
  or section 426(a)(1)(C) of this Act shall enter into an agreement with the
  Foundation. Each such agreement shall require that the eligible individual
  teach in an elementary or secondary school described in section 426(a)(1)(C)
  in accordance with the provisions of section 426(a)(2) for a period of at
  least 2 years and not more than 6 years, as determined by the Foundation.
SEC. 449. SCHOLARSHIP REPAYMENT PROVISIONS.
  (a) REPAYMENT REQUIRED- An eligible individual found by the Foundation to
  be in noncompliance with the agreement entered into under section 448(b)
  shall be required to repay to the Foundation a pro rata amount of the
  scholarship awards received, plus interest (but in no event at an interest
  rate higher than the rate applicable to loans in the applicable period
  under title IV of the Higher Education Act of 1965) and, where applicable,
  reasonable collection fees, on a schedule and at a rate of interest to be
  prescribed by the Foundation.
  (b) EXCEPTIONS TO REPAYMENT PROVISIONS- An eligible individual shall not
  be considered to be in violation of the agreement entered into pursuant to
  section 448(b) during any period in which such individual meets the exception
  to repayment provisions set forth in section 558(a)(1), 558(a)(2), 558(a)(3),
  or 558(b) of the Higher Education Act of 1965, or if the individual dies.
  (c) USE OF REPAYMENTS- Any repayments made to the Foundation pursuant to
  the provisions of this section shall be used by the Foundation to award
  additional scholarships in accordance with the provisions of this part.
  (d) WAIVER- The Secretary may provide for the partial or total waiver
  or suspension of any service obligation or repayment by an individual who
  received a scholarship under this part whenever compliance by such individual
  is impossible or would involve extreme hardship to such individual, or
  if enforcement of such obligation with respect to such individual would
  be unconscionable.
SEC. 450. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATION.
  (a) IN GENERAL- There are authorized to be appropriated $500,000 for fiscal
  year 1992 to carry out the provisions of this part.
  (b) SPECIAL RULE- Section 414 of the General Education Provisions Act
  shall not apply to the provisions of this part.
PART E--NATIONAL WRITING PROJECT
SEC. 451. NATIONAL WRITING PROJECT.
  (a) AUTHORIZATION- The Secretary is authorized to make a grant to the
  National Writing Project (hereafter in this section referred to as the
  `grantee'), a nonprofit educational organization which has as its primary
  purpose the improvement of the quality of student writing and learning, and
  the teaching of writing as a learning process in the Nation's classrooms--
  (1) to support and promote the establishment of teacher training programs,
  including the dissemination of effective practices and research findings
  regarding the teaching of writing and administrative activities;
  (2) to support classroom research on effective teaching practice and to
  document student performance; and
  (3) to pay the Federal share of the cost of such programs.
  (b) REQUIREMENTS OF GRANT- The grant shall provide that--
  (1) the grantee will enter into contracts with institutions of higher
  education or other nonprofit educational providers (hereinafter referred
  to as `contractors') under which the contractors will agree to establish,
  operate, and provide the non-Federal share of the cost of teacher training
  programs in effective approaches and processes for the teaching of writing;
  (2) funds made available by the Secretary to the grantee pursuant to any
  contract entered into under this section will be used to pay the Federal
  share of the cost of establishing and operating teacher training programs
  as provided in paragraph (1);
  (3) the grantee will meet such other conditions and standards as
  the Secretary determines to be necessary to assure compliance with the
  provisions of this part and will provide such technical assistance as may
  be necessary to carry out the provisions of this part; and
  (4) the grantee shall coordinate the activities assisted under this section
  with the activities of National Professional Development Academies assisted
  under section 466(a) of this title.
  (c) TEACHER TRAINING PROGRAMS- The teacher training programs authorized
  in subsection (a) shall--
  (1) be conducted during the school year and during the summer months;
  (2) train teachers who teach grades kindergarten through college;
  (3) select teachers to become members of a National Writing Project teacher
  network whose members will conduct writing workshops for other teachers
  in the area served by each National Writing Project site; and
  (4) encourage teachers from all disciplines to participate in such teacher
  training programs.
  (d) FEDERAL SHARE- (1) Except as provided in paragraph (2) or (3) and for
  purposes of subsection (a), the term `Federal share' means, with respect
  to the costs of teacher training programs authorized in subsection (a),
  50 percent of such costs to the contractor.
  (2) The Secretary may waive the provisions of paragraph (1) on a case-by-case
  basis if the National Advisory Board described in subsection (f) determines,
  on the basis of financial need, that such waiver is necessary.
  (3) The Federal share of the costs of teacher training programs conducted
  pursuant to subsection (a) may not exceed $40,000 for any one contractor,
  or $200,000 for a statewide program administered by any one contractor in
  at least 5 sites throughout the State.
  (4) For the purposes of paragraph (1), the costs of teacher programs do
  not include the administrative costs, publication cost, or the cost of
  providing technical assistance to the grantee.
  (e) CLASSROOM TEACHER GRANTS- (1) The National Writing Project may reserve
  an amount not to exceed 5 percent of the amount appropriated pursuant
  to the authority of this section to make grants, on a competitive basis,
  to elementary and secondary school teachers to enable such teachers to--
  (A) conduct classroom research;
  (B) publish models of student writing;
  (C) conduct research regarding effective practices to improve the teaching
  of writing; and
  (D) conduct other activities to improve the teaching and uses of writing.
  (2) Grants awarded pursuant to paragraph (1) shall be used to supplement
  and not supplant State and local funds available for the purposes set
  forth in paragraph (1).
  (3) Each grant awarded pursuant to this subsection shall not exceed $2,000.
  (f) NATIONAL ADVISORY BOARD- (1) The National Writing Project shall
  establish and operate a National Advisory Board.
  (2) The National Advisory Board established pursuant to subsection (a)
  shall consist of--
  (A) national educational leaders;
  (B) leaders in the field of writing; and
  (C) such other individuals as the National Writing Project deems necessary.
  (3) The National Advisory Board established pursuant to subsection (a)
  shall--
  (A) advise the National Writing Project on national issues related to
  student writing and the teaching of writing;
  (B) review the activities and programs of the National Writing Project; and
  (C) support the continued development of the National Writing Project.
  (g) EVALUATION- The National Writing Project may reserve up to $100,000
  from the amount authorized to be appropriated pursuant to the authority of
  this section to evaluate the teacher training programs conducted pursuant
  to this Act. The results of such evaluation shall be made available to
  the appropriate committees of the Congress.
  (h) RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT ACTIVITIES- (1) From amounts available to carry
  out the provisions of this section, the Secretary, through the Office of
  Educational Research and Improvement, shall make grants to individuals and
  institutions of higher education to conduct research activities involving
  the teaching of writing.
  (2)(A) In awarding grants pursuant to paragraph (1), the Secretary shall
  give priority to junior researchers.
  (B) The Secretary shall award not less than 25 percent of the funds received
  pursuant to subsection (i)(2) to junior researchers.
  (C) The Secretary shall make available to the National Writing Project
  and other national information dissemination networks the findings of the
  research conducted pursuant to the authority of paragraph (1).
  (i) AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS- (1) There are authorized to be
  appropriated for the grant to the National Writing Project, $8,000,000 for
  fiscal year 1991 and such sums as may be necessary for each of the fiscal
  years 1992, 1993, 1994 and 1995 to carry out the provisions of this section.
  (2) There are authorized to be appropriated $500,000 for each of the
  fiscal years 1991, 1992, 1993, 1994 and 1995 to carry out the provisions
  of subsection (h).
  (j) DEFINITION- As used in this section the term `junior researcher'
  means a researcher at the assistant professor rank or the equivalent who
  has not previously received a Federal research grant.
PART F--PROFESSIONAL DEVELOPMENT ACADEMIES
SEC. 461. FINDINGS AND PURPOSE.
  (a) FINDINGS- The Congress finds that--
  (1) professional development academies can serve as forums for the
  coordination and provision of a variety of activities to meet the needs
  of school districts;
  (2) in-service training for experienced teachers enables such teachers to
  keep current in their substantive fields of expertise and in the practice
  of teaching;
  (3) in-service training enables teachers to learn new substantive fields
  of expertise in order to alleviate teacher shortages;
  (4) in-service training provides teachers an opportunity to enhance skills
  in classroom management;
  (5) in-service training in school districts operating new school based
  management and shared decisionmaking programs assists teachers, principals,
  and administrators to assume new responsibilities;
  (6) providing experienced teachers with sabbaticals allows such teachers
  the opportunity to participate in professional programs and activities, and
  allows such teachers the opportunity to return to the classroom renewed; and
  (7) professional development academies can support local school officials
  in restructuring and improving our Nation's schools.
  (b) PURPOSE- It is the purpose of this part to authorize a grant program to
  provide financial assistance to consortia of local educational agencies,
  institutions of higher education and other eligible entities in order
  to develop and provide the highest quality professional training for our
  existing and future workforce for our Nation's schools.
SEC. 462. DEFINITION.
  (a) The program established under this part shall be referred to as the
  `Augustus F. Hawkins Professional Development Academies'. Professional
  Development Academies under this part shall be known as `Augustus F. Hawkins
  Professional Development Academies'.
  (b) As used in this part the term `professional development academy'
  means an entity that--
  (1) is an eligible applicant described in section 463(a)(3),
  (2) provides in-service training and other activities described in this
  subpart to teachers and administrators and may include preservice training,
  and
  (3) serves teachers, and may serve teacher aides, school administrators,
  school counselors, school psychologists, school social workers, and school
  library media specialists.
SEC. 463. ALLOCATION OF FUNDS.
  (a) FORMULA GRANTS- (1) Except as provided in subsection (d), the Secretary
  shall allocate an amount equal to 85 percent of the amount appropriated
  under section 469 for any fiscal year among State educational agencies that
  have entered into agreements with the Secretary that meet the requirements
  of section 464(a). The Secretary shall allocate such amount among such
  State educational agencies as follows:
  (A) 65 percent of such 85 percent on the basis of each State's share of
  allocations under chapter 1 of title I of the Elementary and Secondary
  Education Act of 1965.
  (B) 35 percent of such 85 percent on the basis of the school-age population
  of the State served by such State educational agency compared to the
  school-age population of all States, except that no such State educational
  agency shall receive less than one-half of 1 percent of such 35 percent.
  (2) Each State educational agency receiving an allocation under paragraph
  (1) shall establish one or more local professional development academies
  within the State. In establishing such academies, the State educational
  agency shall make an award to a consortium described in paragraph (3)
  on the basis of ranking the consortia on the following criteria:
  (A) the ability of the consortia to serve areas with high densities of
  populations or geographically isolated areas with sparse population;
  (B) the ability of the consortia to serve a region of the State;
  (C) equitable geographic distribution within the State; and
  (D) whether the program is of sufficient size and scope to be effective.
Upon making the award, the State educational agency shall distribute amounts
to the eligible consortia on the same basis and using the same data as was
used by the Secretary in making the allocation under paragraph (1).
  (3) Grants under this subsection shall only be made to applicants that are
  consortia composed of one or more local educational agencies and (A) one or
  more institutions of higher education that offer teacher training programs
  or (B) one or more nonprofit organizations of demonstrated effectiveness
  in teacher training or retraining. The consortia may also include business,
  industry, and community colleges.
  (4) The State educational agency may grant a waiver from the requirement
  described in paragraph (3) that the consortia include an institution of
  higher education to local educational agencies that are geographically
  isolated from such institutions if such agencies demonstrate that the
  inclusion of such an institution in the consortia is not feasible and that
  those agencies and other appropriate entities can provide the services
  and expertise required to conduct programs under this subpart.
  (b) FEDERAL SHARE- (1) Not more than 75 percent of the cost of any program
  conducted under this part shall be paid from funds made available under
  this part.
  (2) The non-Federal portion of any such program may be provided by a local
  educational agency in cash or in kind.
  (3) The Secretary may waive the requirement of paragraph (1) and pay not
  less than 75 percent nor more than 100 percent of the cost of any program
  conducted under this part if such requirement would impose a hardship on
  the local educational agency concerned.
  (4) Local educational agencies are encouraged to comply with the non-Federal
  share requirements of paragraph (2) by providing sabbaticals to teachers
  in accordance with section 465(b).
  (c) DURATION OF GRANT- Each grant provided pursuant to this part to
  establish and operate a professional development academy shall be for a
  period of 5 years, and is renewable.
  (d) STATE ADMINISTRATION- Not more than 5 percent of the amount of funds
  allotted to each State educational agency pursuant to subsection (a)
  shall be available for--
  (1) conducting the grant award competition;
  (2) program evaluation;
  (3) technical assistance; and
  (4) other administrative costs.
SEC. 464. AGREEMENTS AND APPLICATIONS.
  (a) STATE AGREEMENTS- Any State educational agency desiring to obtain
  an allocation under section 463(a)(1) shall enter into an agreement with
  the Secretary in such form and containing such information and assurances
  as the Secretary may reasonably require by regulation for the effective
  administration by the State educational agency of the grant program under
  this part. Such agreement shall, at a minimum--
  (1) provide for the allocation of funds in accordance with section
  463(a)(2); and
  (2) provide (A) for such fiscal controls and fund accounting procedures
  as may be necessary to assure proper disbursement and accounting for grant
  funds, and (B) for the making of such reports, in such form and containing
  such information, as may be reasonably necessary to enable the Secretary
  to perform the functions required by this subpart.
  (b) LOCAL APPLICATION- (1) Each eligible recipient wishing to receive a
  grant under section 463(a)(2) shall submit an application to the appropriate
  State educational agency at such time, in such manner, and containing such
  information and assurances as the State educational agency shall reasonably
  require in accordance with guidelines prescribed by the Secretary.
  (2) Each application submitted pursuant to paragraph (1) shall--
  (A) describe the activities, services, and programs for which assistance
  is sought;
  (B) describe strategies for involving business and industry;
  (C) provide assurances that public and private elementary and secondary
  school teachers in the area served by the professional development academies
  will be eligible to participate in the training programs;
  (D) provide assurances that professional development programs will be
  conducted by educational professionals including teachers of demonstrated
  excellence;
  (E) provide assurances that professional development academies will be
  developed and conducted with the participation of faculty from institutions
  of higher education or private nonprofit organizations of demonstrated
  effectiveness, and will be conducted in both academic course content and
  methods of instruction and with the participation of the schools' teachers
  and administrators;
  (F) contain a description of how the professional development academy's
  activities will be coordinated with other current in-service training
  activities in the State;
  (G) describe the provisions which will be made to allow individuals release
  time from their teaching or administrative responsibilities to participate
  in professional development academy activities;
  (H) contain a description of how the professional development academy's
  activities will help teachers teach all students in mixed-ability classrooms;
  (I) where applicable, describe how teachers and administrators from the
  professional development academy will be involved in the teacher training
  programs at institutions of higher education;
  (J) provide assurances that each professional development academy will
  designate a leadership team composed of school administrators and elementary
  and secondary school classroom teachers (with no less than 50 percent of
  the membership being teachers) to participate in the design, development,
  implementation, and administration of the academy;
  (K) provide for such fiscal controls and fund accounting procedures as may be
  necessary to assure proper disbursement and accounting for grant funds; and
  (L) provide for the making of such reports, in such form and containing
  such information (including information on effective models and programs),
  as may be reasonably necessary to enable the Secretary to perform the
  functions required by this part.
SEC. 465. USE OF FUNDS.
  (a) LOCAL USE OF FUNDS- Grants awarded to eligible recipients pursuant to
  this part may be used in a school or schools best able to provide services
  to teachers and administrators of at risk students to--
  (1) provide professional development programs for teachers which--
  (A) upgrade and strengthen knowledge of academic course content, particularly
  in specified subject areas and emerging technology;
  (B) provide support and in-service training for local educational agencies
  based upon most recent research findings, successful teaching practices,
  and the needs articulated by the local educational agencies;
  (C) coordinate research and practice, especially between professional
  preparation programs and current and future demands of workplace;
  (D) establish interstate and intrastate networks for the purposes of
  this part;
  (E) improve methods of instruction in content areas to--
  (i) increase the preparedness of all classroom teachers for the participation
  of particular populations of students, such as disadvantaged students,
  students with disabilities, students of preschool age, students who are
  limited English proficient, and students from diverse cultural backgrounds,
  in the classrooms of such teachers;
  (ii) improve teaching and classroom management skills;
  (iii) provide training in new instructional techniques, methods,
  and practices supported by educational research findings, including
  instructional techniques, methods and practices supported by federally
  supported laboratories, centers, and other Federal agencies; and
  (iv) improve teacher training in courses of study which combine one or
  more related subject areas;
  (F) where appropriate, provide professional development programs for
  participants in school-based management programs, decisionmaking, and
  practices;
  (G) strengthen bilingual educational instruction by--
  (i) teaming classroom teachers with teachers trained to teach limited
  English proficient students for the development and implementation of
  instructional programs; and
  (ii) operating professional development programs for bilingual teachers
  which include summer sessions, follow-up sessions during the school year,
  classroom observation and peer coaching;
  (H) encourage teacher collaboration, especially among teachers of different
  subjects, including vocational education, physical education, and other
  specialties;
  (I) provide guidance in the establishment of priorities for, and assistance
  in the coordination of, inservice and professional renewal for teachers
  across the full spectrum of Federal and State programs, as reflected in
  the consortia agreement;
  (J) involve experienced teachers in the training and assessment of novice
  teachers including mentoring programs, teaching hospital models, and
  clinical supervision models;
  (K) encourage participation in activities of a network of professional
  development academies;
  (L) provide outreach to parents and greater involvement of parents in the
  education of their children;
  (M) coordinate with other programs designed to assist in the professional
  development of school administrators, such as the technical assistance
  centers established under subpart 2 of part C of title V of the Higher
  Education Act of 1965; and
  (N) prepare teachers for teacher examinations, including examinations
  of the National Board for Professional Teaching Standards, the National
  Teacher Examination, and other examinations.
  (2) pay the costs of release time, stipends, college or university credit,
  curricular materials, and other necessary expenditures; and
  (3) provide sabbaticals for experienced teachers in accordance with
  subsection (b) of this section.
  (b) CAREER TEACHER CORPS- (1) Each local educational agency may use funds
  under this part to select experienced classroom teachers to become members
  of the Career Teacher Corps. Selection of members may be made on the basis
  of evaluations and activities planned during the sabbatical period.
  (2) Members shall be given a sabbatical from their regular duties as
  teachers, with salary and benefits paid by the local educational agency at
  the member's current rate of compensation, for up to one year. Sabbaticals
  may be used for study, research or academic improvement, through the
  professional development academy or another entity, to--
  (A)(i) improve such member's knowledge base in his or her areas of
  expertise; or
  (ii) learn a new area of expertise; and
  (B) increase skills and professional ability.
  (3) Special consideration in the selection of members shall be given to
  individuals who intend to use the sabbatical to improve or acquire skills in
  order to teach or provide related services to students with disabilities,
  limited English proficient students, or preschool-age students, and in
  other areas of shortage as determined by the local educational agency.
  (4) Upon completion of the sabbatical and return to the classroom, such
  members shall be encouraged to participate in induction programs for new
  teachers, including Teacher Corps members, and to assist in the development
  of inservice training programs through the professional development academy.
SEC. 466. NATIONAL PROFESSIONAL DEVELOPMENT ACADEMIES.
  (a) IN GENERAL- The Secretary shall reserve 5 percent of the amount
  appropriated pursuant to the authority of section 469 in each fiscal year to
  make grants in accordance with the provisions of this section to eligible
  recipients for the establishment and operation of National Professional
  Development Academies.
  (b) SUBJECT AREAS AND STAFF- (1) The Secretary shall use the funds reserved
  under subsection (a) to establish not more than 4 National Professional
  Development Academies in the following subject areas (but no more than
  one in any such area):
  (A) basic skills and literacy instruction,
  (B) civics and government,
  (C) mathematics and science,
  (D) foreign languages,
  (E) history and geography,
  (F) economics, and
  (G) the arts, including art, music, and the performing arts.
  (2) Academy staff shall be selected from the most accomplished and prominent
  scholars in the relevant fields of study and in the methodologies which
  prepare persons to teach in such fields of study.
  (c) DURATION OF GRANT- Each grant to establish and operate a National
  Professional Development Academy shall be for a period of 5 years, and
  is renewable.
  (d) COMPETITIVE GRANT AWARDS- The Secretary shall award grants on the
  basis of a competitive bidding process.
  (e) SPECIAL CONSIDERATION- In awarding grants under this part the
  Secretary shall give special consideration to eligible recipients that have
  demonstrated effectiveness in establishing and administering a national
  network of individuals who assist in teacher training and in-service programs
  at the State and local levels in the subject areas listed in subsection (b).
  (f) ELIGIBLE RECIPIENTS- (1) For the purposes of this section, the term
  `eligible recipient' means--
  (A) an institution of higher education;
  (B) a private nonprofit educational organization of demonstrated
  effectiveness; or
  (C) a combination of the institutions or organizations set forth in
  subparagraphs (A) and (B) of this paragraph.
  (2) The Secretary shall only award grants to eligible applicants which
  have demonstrated expertise in the--
  (A) subject area of the National Professional Development Academy to be
  established and operated; and
  (B) in-service training of teachers.
  (g) USE OF FUNDS- (1) Funds provided pursuant to this section shall be used
  to provide support services to local professional development academies
  including--
  (A) the establishment of a national network of individuals to assist in
  teacher education programs in professional development academies;
  (B) consulting assistance in the design and implementation of teacher
  education; and
  (C) monthly newsletters or other methods of communicating useful information.
  (2) Not more than 10 percent of the amount of funds received under this
  section may be used by grant recipients for administrative costs.
  (h) APPLICATION- (1) Each eligible recipient desiring a grant under this
  section shall submit an application to the Secretary at such time and in
  such manner, as the Secretary may reasonably require.
  (2) Each application submitted pursuant to paragraph (1) shall--
  (A) describe the activities, services, and programs for which assistance
  is sought;
  (B) describe how the National Professional Development Academy's time will
  be devoted to basic course content relevant to the particular subject
  field and necessary to assist local professional development academies
  in improving the quality of teaching in public and private elementary and
  secondary schools; and
  (C) provide such additional assurances or information as the Secretary
  may reasonably require.
SEC. 467. DEMONSTRATION PROGRAMS.
  (a) IN GENERAL- The Secretary shall reserve 10 percent of the amount
  appropriated pursuant to the authority of section 469 in each fiscal year
  to carry out any one or more of the demonstration programs in this section,
  except that not more than $1,000,000 of such funds shall be available for
  the program described in subsection (g).
  (b) CLASS SIZE RESEARCH AND DEMONSTRATION PROJECT-
  (1) PURPOSE- It is the purpose of this subsection to make demonstration
  grants to local educational agencies having elementary and secondary schools
  with large classes in order to demonstrate the advantages of reducing the
  size of classes in such schools.
  (2) FEDERAL SHARE- The Federal share of programs under this subsection
  shall not exceed 50 percent, and the non-Federal share of each grant
  awarded under this subsection may be in cash or in kind fairly evaluated,
  including planned equipment or services.
  (3) SELECTION CRITERIA- The Secretary shall make grants under this subsection
  to local educational agencies on the basis of--
  (A) the need and the ability to reduce class size in elementary or secondary
  schools of the local educational agency making an application under this
  subsection;
  (B) the ability of the local educational agency to furnish the non-Federal
  share of the costs of the project for which assistance is sought;
  (C) the ability of the local educational agency to continue the project
  for which assistance is sought after the termination of Federal financial
  assistance under this subsection; and
  (D) the degree to which each application demonstrates consultation in program
  implementation and design with parents, teachers, school administrators,
  and local teacher organizations, where applicable.
  (4) PRIORITY- The Secretary shall give priority in awarding grants to
  applicants having applications that describe projects which involve--
  (A) young students, and
  (B) at-risk students.
  (5) SUFFICIENT SIZE AND SCOPE REQUIRED- The Secretary shall make grants
  only to applicants having applications which describe projects of sufficient
  size and scope to contribute to carrying out the purposes of this subsection.
  (6) APPLICATION- (A) A grant under this subsection may be made only to a
  local educational agency which submits an application to the Secretary at
  such time, in such manner and containing or accompanied by such information
  as the Secretary may reasonably require.
  (B) The Secretary shall encourage applicants to make applications for a
  3-year period.
  (C) Each application submitted pursuant to this paragraph shall include--
  (i) a description of the objectives to be attained with the financial
  assistance made available under this subsection and the manner in which
  funds so made available will be used to reduce class size;
  (ii) a description of the steps to be taken to achieve target class sizes,
  including, where applicable, the acquisition of additional teaching
  personnel and classroom space;
  (iii) a statement of the methods for the collection of data necessary for
  the evaluation of the impact of class size reduction programs on student
  achievement;
  (iv) an assurance that the local educational agency will pay from
  non-Federal sources the non-Federal share of the costs of the project for
  which assistance is sought; and
  (v) such additional assurances as the Secretary may reasonably require.
  (7) ADMINISTRATIVE COSTS- Not more than 10 percent of any grant under this
  subsection may be used for administrative expenses.
  (c) NEW CAREERS FOR TEACHERS DEMONSTRATION-
  (1) STATEMENT OF PURPOSE- It is the purpose of this subsection to establish
  and operate new career demonstration programs to attract minority candidates,
  who are in school support or paraprofessional positions or in occupations
  other than teaching, to careers teaching in elementary and secondary schools.
  (2) PROGRAM AUTHORIZED-
  (A)(i) The Secretary is authorized to pay the Federal share of making grants
  to eligible recipients to enable such eligible recipients to pay the costs
  of establishing and operating programs to attract minority candidates to
  teaching careers.
  (ii) The Federal share shall not exceed 50 percent.
  (iii) The non-Federal share of each grant awarded under this subsection
  may be in cash or in kind fairly evaluated, including planned equipment
  or services.
  (B) Each grant awarded under this subsection shall be for a period of 2
  years and may be renewed for periods not to exceed 3 years.
  (C) The Secretary shall award grants under this subsection on a competitive
  basis.
  (D) In awarding grants under this subsection, the Secretary shall give
  priority to programs that focus on recruitment of minorities.
  (E) In awarding grants under this subsection, the Secretary shall give
  special consideration to programs designed to identify, recruit, and
  certify--
  (i) speakers of non-English languages who have been trained as teachers
  in their home country; or
  (ii) individuals already employed in a local educational agency.
  (3) ELIGIBLE RECIPIENT- As used in this subsection the term `eligible
  recipient' means a consortia of--
  (A) one or more institutions of higher education, and
  (B) one or more local educational agencies,
working in conjunction with the State educational agency, and the appropriate
State or local teacher credentialing body.
  (4) Application-
  (A) A grant under this subsection may be made only to an eligible recipient
  which submits an application to the Secretary containing or accompanied
  by such information as the Secretary may reasonably require.
  (B) Each such application shall--
  (i) describe the activities and services for which assistance is sought;
  (ii) set forth the number of expected participants in each program assisted
  under this subsection;
  (iii) demonstrate steps on a career ladder leading to the position of
  fully credentialed teacher, ranging from nonskilled entry positions,
  extending through intermediate subprofessional functions, and terminating
  in full professional status as a certified teacher duly recognized by the
  appropriate State agency;
  (iv) contain assurances that advancement within such career ladders would be
  based on merit, but that the opportunity for attainment of higher station
  is available to all;
  (v) demonstrate a plan for employing permanently individuals who have
  participated in the program at their new level of training, including
  individuals who terminate the program at a level below that of fully
  credentialed teacher;
  (vi) demonstrate a plan for bringing a sizable portion of the educational
  program and coursework to the place of the participant's employment;
  (vii) demonstrate a plan for providing academic credit for in-service
  training and other relevant experience as well as formal academic coursework;
  (viii) provide for participation of individuals who have attained various
  levels of education including individuals who have not completed high school,
  with special consideration for such participation given to individuals
  already serving within the school system;
  (ix) provide assurances that the program assisted under this subsection
  will be available to the disabled; and
  (x) contain such other assurances as the Secretary may reasonably require.
  (5) USE OF FUNDS-
  (A) Funds provided pursuant to this subsection may be used to--
  (i) pay tuition for participants in programs established under this
  subsection;
  (ii) pay for the release time of participants in programs assisted under
  this subsection;
  (iii) provide stipends for child care to participants whose academic
  coursework takes place outside the normal workday; and
  (iv) to conduct the evaluation described in section 468(b) for the program
  assisted under this subsection.
  (B) Not more than 10 percent of any grant provided pursuant to this
  subsection may be used for administrative expenses.
  (d) RESTRUCTURING OF SCHOOLS/SCHOOL-BASED MANAGEMENT DEMONSTRATION PROGRAM-
  (1) STATEMENT OF PURPOSE- It is the purpose of this subsection to provide
  financial assistance to eligible entities to enable such eligible entities
  to plan or implement the restructuring of school organization, school-based
  management or instructional programs in elementary and secondary schools.
  (2) GRANTS-
  (A) The Secretary is authorized to pay the Federal share of awarding
  grants to eligible entities to plan and implement the restructuring of
  school organization, school-based management, or instructional programs
  in elementary and secondary schools.
  (B) The Secretary shall award grants under this subsection on a competitive
  basis.
  (C) The Secretary shall award grants under this subsection for a period
  of 3 years.
  (3) APPLICATION-
  (A) Each eligible entity desiring a grant under this subsection shall
  submit an application to the Secretary at such time, in such manner,
  and accompanied by such information as the Secretary may reasonably require.
  (B) Each application submitted pursuant to subparagraph (A) shall--
  (i) describe the activities and services for which assistance is sought; and
  (ii) include a plan for widespread consultation with parents, community
  members, teachers, other local educational agency personnel, and the
  private sector in planning and implementing the restructuring of a school.
  (4) Restructuring plan-
  (A) Each eligible entity desiring grant payments pursuant to this subsection
  in the second and third year of a grant period, shall prior to the second
  year of such grant period, submit to the Secretary for approval a plan
  which describes the implementation of the restructuring of the school.
  (B) The plan submitted pursuant to subparagraph (A) shall--
  (i) describe the activities and services for which assistance is sought;
  (ii) demonstrate that in developing the restructuring plan the applicant
  has consulted with teachers and parents who will be affected by such plan;
  (iii) demonstrate broad support for the restructuring plan in the community,
  including private sector involvement;
  (iv) demonstrate that the restructuring plan is designed to improve the
  eligible entity's delivery of educational services as measured by student
  achievement or retention, or teacher performance or retention;
  (v) demonstrate that the eligible entity will be able to continue the
  restructuring of the school after the termination of financial assistance;
  (vi) describe the independent evaluation to be conducted in accordance
  with section 468 of this Act; and
  (vii) demonstrate that the eligible entity is committed to and not legally
  prevented from undertaking the changes proposed in the plan.
  (C) In awarding grants under this subsection the Secretary shall give special
  consideration to applications from eligible entities which describe school
  restructuring plans which--
  (i) benefit students or a school with below average academic performance; and
  (ii) benefit an eligible entity serving a large number of minority or
  disadvantaged students.
  (D) In awarding grants under this subsection, the Secretary shall ensure
  that a broad geographic cross-section, including rural, urban, and suburban
  schools and local educational agencies, are served.
  (5) USE OF FUNDS- Funds awarded under this subsection may be used for the
  planning, implementation, expansion, or replication of--
  (A) school-based management/shared decision making programs;
  (B) programs which increase the professional status and professional
  satisfaction of teachers;
  (C) differential staffing patterns (such as career ladders and job-sharing);
  (D) incentive pay to teachers;
  (E) employment of experienced teachers as mentor or master teachers;
  (F) research on effective techniques to recruit, train, and reward teachers;
  (G) curriculum reforms;
  (H) programs of cooperative learning;
  (I) models of alternative student assignment within schools;
  (J) programs which increase parent and community involvement in the schools;
  (K) coordinated efforts and partnerships with business, institutions of
  higher education, and other entities;
  (L) programs of interactive learning through technology; and
  (M) programs to train teachers, principals, school board members, and
  other individuals involved in the restructuring program.
  (6) PAYMENTS-
  (A) The Secretary shall pay to each eligible entity having an application
  or restructuring plan approved under this subsection the Federal share of
  the cost of the activities described in such application or plan.
  (B)(i) In the first fiscal year in which an eligible entity receives a grant
  payment under this subsection, such payment shall not exceed $150,000 and
  shall be used for planning the restructuring of a school.
  (ii) In the second and third fiscal years in which an eligible entity
  receives a grant payment under this subsection, each such payment shall
  not exceed $2,000,000 and shall be used for implementing the restructuring
  of a school.
  (iii)(I) Notwithstanding the provisions of this subsection, the Secretary
  may make payments for the implementation of a restructuring plan in the first
  fiscal year in which an eligible entity receives a grant payment under this
  subsection, if such eligible entity submits a restructuring plan pursuant
  to paragraph (4) in the first fiscal year for which a grant is sought.
  (II) Each eligible entity receiving a grant payment pursuant to the
  provisions of subclause (I) of this clause shall not receive a grant payment
  which exceeds $2,000,000 in each fiscal year for which the grant is awarded.
  (7) FEDERAL SHARE; NON-FEDERAL SHARE-
  (A)(i) The Federal share of each grant awarded under this subsection shall
  not exceed 50 percent.
  (ii) The Secretary may waive the requirement of clause (i) and may pay not
  more than 100 percent of any payment made pursuant to paragraph (6)(B)(i)
  which does not exceed $5,000, if the grant applicant demonstrates a
  particular hardship or need.
  (B)(i) The non-Federal share of each grant awarded under this subpart may be
  in cash or in kind fairly evaluated, including plant equipment or services.
  (ii) Each eligible entity receiving a grant under this subsection shall
  supply at least 50 percent of the non-Federal share of each grant awarded
  under this subsection from nongovernmental sources.
  (8) DEFINITIONS- For the purposes of this subsection--
  (A) The term `eligible entity' means--
  (i) a local educational agency or consortium thereof;
  (ii) an elementary or secondary school, or consortium thereof; or
  (iii) a nonprofit organization, in consortium with a local education agency
  or school, if the Secretary determines that such nonprofit organization
  has a particular expertise to carry out the purpose of this subsection.
  (B) The term `school-based management/shared decisionmaking' means a
  process by which a team of individuals is formed at a school site to
  make decisions regarding the management of the school. Such a team may
  include teachers (including representatives of professional teachers
  associations or organizations, where applicable), the school principal,
  school administrators, parents, community representatives, school employees,
  and students. The school-based management/shared decisionmaking team is
  responsible for decisions, determined by the team, which affect the school
  and classroom environment. Such decisions may include decisions such as--
  (i) curriculum and instruction priorities which meet priorities and goals
  of the local educational agency, including materials and activities,
  organization, evaluation and assessment, while taking into account the
  special needs of students;
  (ii) student grouping, promotion, and tracking;
  (iii) school rules and discipline policies;
  (iv) the scheduling and structure of the school day;
  (v) the school environment;
  (vi) the physical structure of school facilities;
  (vii) the administrative structure of the school;
  (viii) establishing standards for the hiring and evaluation of teachers
  and administrators;
  (ix) professional development programs which will meet faculty needs;
  (x) the use of non-Federal general operating funds; and
  (xi) relationships with parents and community.
  (e) MIDDLE SCHOOL TEACHING DEMONSTRATION PROGRAMS-
  (1) STATEMENT OF PURPOSE- It is the purpose of this subsection to provide
  financial assistance to institutions of higher education which offer
  teacher training or retraining programs to develop model programs with a
  specialized focus on teaching grades 6 through 9.
  (2) DEFINITIONS- As used in this subsection--
  (A) The term `developmentally appropriate' means a program that is
  appropriate for a child's age and all areas of an individual child's
  development, including educational, physical, emotional, social, cognitive,
  and communication.
  (B) The term `middle school' means a school which enrolls students in at
  least two of the grades 6, 7, 8, and 9.
  (3) Program authorized-
  (A) The Secretary is authorized to make grants, on a competitive basis,
  to institutions of higher education to develop model programs with a
  specialized focus on teaching grades 6 through 9.
  (B)(i) The Secretary shall ensure an equitable geographic distribution of
  grants awarded under this subsection.
  (ii) The Secretary shall take into consideration equitable levels of
  funding for urban and rural areas in awarding grants under this subsection.
  (C) Grants under this subsection may be awarded for a period not to exceed
  3 years.
  (D) Grants awarded under this subsection may not exceed $250,000 in the
  first year of funding.
  (4) Application-
  (A) Each institution of higher education desiring a grant under this
  subsection shall submit an application to the Secretary at such time,
  in such manner, and accompanied by such information as the Secretary may
  reasonably require.
  (B) Each application submitted pursuant to subparagraph (A) shall
  demonstrate that--
  (i) the applicant will establish and maintain a program of teacher training
  or retraining designed to offer specialized preparation for individuals
  teaching grades 6 through 9;
  (ii) the applicant has designed a program of teacher training or retraining
  which includes--
  (I) a study of adolescent development (including cognitive, social, and
  emotional) with particular emphasis on early adolescent development;
  (II) a study of the influence of institutions such as schools, families,
  and peer groups in the socialization of adolescents;
  (III) information concerning the organization of schools for students in
  grades 6 through 9, with particular emphasis on developmentally appropriate
  school and classroom organization and practices;
  (IV) training in at least 2 subject areas and related instructional
  strategies;
  (V) direct experience through internships in middle grade schools under
  the guidance of teachers who demonstrate exemplary classroom practices;
  (VI) strategies for the prevention and detection of high risk behavior,
  particularly drug and alcohol abuse, and for the enhancement of self esteem
  among adolescents;
  (VII) a study of effective methods and models of presenting substance
  abuse information and education to adolescent students; and
  (VIII) methods of encouraging parental and community involvement with
  middle schools; and
  (iii) the program will be designed and operated with the active participation
  of classroom teachers and will include an in-service training component.
  (5) REPORTS AND DISSEMINATION- Each institution of higher education
  receiving a grant under this subsection shall submit to the Secretary
  such reports and other information regarding programs conducted under
  this subsection as the Secretary deems necessary. The Secretary shall
  disseminate such information to other institutions of higher education,
  State educational agencies, and local educational agencies.
  (f) NATIONAL TEACHER JOB BANK DEMONSTRATION-
  (1) PROGRAM AUTHORIZED- (A) The Secretary, through the Office of Educational
  Research and Improvement, shall contract with one or more State entities,
  nonprofit organizations, or institutions of higher education to pay the
  Federal share of the costs of establishing a Teacher Job Bank Clearinghouse
  which shall--
  (i) assist public and private education agencies in locating qualified
  applicants for teaching-related positions; and
  (ii) help individuals in locating teaching-related jobs or the training
  necessary to enter the teaching profession.
  (B)(i) Each entity desiring to enter into a contract with the Secretary
  for the establishment of a Teacher Job Bank Clearinghouse shall submit an
  application to the Secretary at such time, in such manner and accompanied
  by such information as the Secretary may reasonably require. Each such
  application shall include--
  (I) a demonstration of the capacity to efficiently and effectively handle
  a large volume of inquiries from employers and potential employees; and
  (II) a demonstration of support from public and private education agencies
  that are likely to use the services provided by the Teacher Job Bank
  Clearinghouse.
  (ii) The Secretary shall give priority to applications submitted pursuant
  to clause (i) which--
  (I) are representative of a region of the United States and involve the
  cooperation of several State educational agencies; or
  (II) demonstrate an ability to address shortages of teachers, such as
  underrepresented minorities, special education teachers, bilingual teachers,
  or individuals planning to teach in subject areas, geographical areas,
  or types of schools with shortages.
  (2) AUTHORIZED ACTIVITIES- Each entity, organization or institution
  receiving funds under this subsection may use such funds to--
  (A) develop, in consultation with local education agencies and other
  appropriate entities, standardized initial application forms for teaching
  jobs and related positions, and standardized forms and procedures for
  announcing available teaching positions;
  (B) coordinate and assist State and local teacher recruitment efforts;
  (C) publish and disseminate information about opportunities for teacher
  employment and teacher training;
  (D) maintain a system for matching the supply of teachers with the demand
  for teachers among the States;
  (E) promote the development of programs to recruit and train minorities
  and individuals with disabilities to become teachers;
  (F) publicize the availability of scholarships, loans, and other programs
  that assist individuals wishing to pursue a teaching career;
  (G) assist employers in the development of effective teacher recruitment
  programs;
  (H) assist in developing reciprocal agreements on teacher certification
  among States;
  (I) conduct such other activities and services necessary to carrying out
  the purposes of this subsection in accordance with the provisions of this
  subsection; and
  (J) coordinate demonstration projects with the Department of Labor, the
  National Occupational Information Coordinating Committee, and appropriate
  professional organizations.
  (g) SCHOOL YEAR EXTENSION STUDY COMMISSION-
  (1) SHORT TITLE- This subsection may be cited as the `School Year Study
  Commission Act'.
  (2) ESTABLISHMENT- There is hereby established a School Year Study Commission
  (hereafter in this part referred to as the `Commission').
  (3) MEMBERSHIP OF THE COMMISSION-
  (A) The Commission shall consist of 9 members, of whom--
  (i) 3 members shall be appointed by the President from among the Secretaries
  of the executive departments as set forth in section 101 of title 5,
  United States Code;
  (ii) 3 members shall be appointed by the Speaker of the House of
  Representatives in consultation with the Minority Leader of the House of
  Representatives; and
  (iii) 3 members shall be appointed by the President pro tempore the Senate
  upon the recommendation of the Majority Leader and Minority Leader of
  the Senate.
  (B)(i) Members of the Commission shall be appointed on the basis of
  exceptional education, training, or experience from--
  (I) individuals who are representatives of nonprofit organizations or
  foundations committed to the improvement of American education;
  (II) individuals who are engaged in the professions of teaching;
  (III) individuals engaged in school administration, members of school
  boards, parents or representatives of parents or parent organizations; and
  (IV) individuals who are State officials directly responsible for education.
  (ii) The first 9 members of the Commission shall be appointed no later
  than 60 days after the date of enactment of this Act.
  (C) A vacancy in the Commission shall not affect its powers, but shall be
  filled in the same manner as the original appointment was made.
  (D) Members of the Commission shall be appointed to serve for the life of
  the Commission.
  (E) Each member of the Commission shall serve without compensation, but
  shall be allowed travel expenses including per diem in lieu of subsistence,
  as authorized by section 5703 of title 5, United States Code, when engaged
  in the performance of Commission duties.
  (F) The Commission may begin to carry out its duties under this subsection
  when at least 5 members of the Commission have been appointed.
  (4) FUNCTIONS OF THE COMMISSION- (A) The Commission shall study and make
  recommendations regarding the advisability of lengthening the school day
  to a predetermined minimum number of hours and lengthening the academic
  year in all United States public elementary and secondary schools. Such
  recommendations shall include--
  (i) a comparative analysis of the length of academic days and academic years
  in schools throughout the United States and in schools of other nations;
  (ii) a recommendation of the appropriate number of hours per day and days
  per year of instruction for United States public elementary and secondary
  schools;
  (iii) an examination as to whether an increase in the length of school
  days and school years should be accompanied by an appropriate increase in
  teacher compensation;
  (iv) a model plan for adopting a longer academic day and academic year
  in all United States public elementary and secondary schools by the end
  of this decade, including recommendations regarding mechanisms to assist
  States, school districts, schools, and parents in transitioning from current
  academic day and year to an academic day and year of a longer duration;
  (v) suggestions for such changes in laws and regulations as may be required
  to facilitate States, school districts, and schools in adopting longer
  academic days and years;
  (vi) an analysis and estimate of the additional costs, including the cost
  of increased teacher compensation, to States and local school districts
  if longer academic days and years are adopted; and
  (vii) a plan to assist States and local districts in meeting all such
  additional costs.
  (B) The Commission shall submit a final report and plan pursuant to paragraph
  (5).
  (5) COMMISSION REPORT- (A) Not later than September 1, 1991, or one year
  after the Commission concludes its first meeting of members, whichever
  is longer, the Commission shall submit a report to the President and
  the Congress on the study and recommendations required pursuant to the
  provisions of this subsection.
  (B) The report described in subparagraph (A) shall consider current
  educational policies and practices regarding the length of the school year
  and school day throughout the United States and the world.
  (6) POWERS OF THE COMMISSION- (A) The Commission may, for the purpose of
  carrying out this subsection, conduct such hearings, sit and act at such
  times and places, take such testimony, and receive such evidence, as the
  Commission considers appropriate.
  (B) In carrying out this paragraph, the Commission shall--
  (i) conduct public hearings in different geographic areas of the country,
  both urban and rural, to receive the reports, views, and analyses of a
  broad spectrum of experts and the public regarding the advisability of
  lengthened academic day and year; and
  (ii) receive testimony from--
  (I) individuals such as educators, business persons, elected and appointed
  public officials; and
  (II) representatives of public and private organizations and institutions
  with an expertise or interest in improving the quality of the Nation's
  educational system.
  (B) The Commission may secure directly from any Federal agency such
  information as may be necessary to enable the Commission to carry out this
  subsection. Upon request of the Chairman of the Commission, the head of
  the agency shall furnish such information to the Commission.
  (C) The Commission may accept, use, and dispose of gifts or donations of
  services or property.
  (D) The Commission may use the United States mails in the same manner
  and under the same conditions as the departments and agencies of the
  United States.
  (E) The Administrator of the General Services Administration shall provide
  to the Commission on a reimbursable basis such administrative and support
  services as the Commission may request.
  (7) ADMINISTRATIVE PROVISIONS- (A) The Commission shall meet on a regular
  basis, as necessary, at the call of the Chairman or a majority of its
  members.
  (B) A majority of the appointed members of the Commission shall constitute
  a quorum for the transaction of business.
  (C)(i) The Chairman and Vice Chairman of the Commission shall be elected
  by and from the members of the Commission for the life of the Commission.
  (ii) The Chairman of the Commission, in consultation with the Vice Chairman,
  shall appoint and fix the compensation of a staff administrator and such
  support personnel as may be reasonable and necessary to enable the Commission
  to carry out its functions without regard to the provisions of title 5,
  United States Code, governing appointments in the competitive service,
  and without regard to the provisions of chapter 51 and subchapter III of
  chapter 53 of such title, or of any other provision of law, relating to
  the number, classification, and General Schedule rates.
  (D) Upon request of the Chairman of the Commission, the head of any Federal
  agency is authorized to detail, without reimbursement, any personnel of
  such agency to the Commission to assist the Commission in carrying out its
  duties under the subsection. Such detail shall be without interruption or
  loss of civil service status or privilege.
  (8) TERMINATION OF THE COMMISSION- The Commission shall terminate 90 days
  after submitting the final report required by paragraph (5).
SEC. 468. EVALUATION AND STUDIES.
  (a) REPORT BY SECRETARY- The Secretary of Education shall submit biennial
  reports on the program authorized by this part to the appropriate authorizing
  committees of Congress and shall, using existing dissemination programs,
  disseminate information developed or operated under this part.
  (b) DEMONSTRATION PROGRAM EVALUATIONS- (1) The Secretary shall, through
  grant or contract, conduct a continuing evaluation of programs assisted under
  subsections (b) and (c) of section 467.  Such evaluation shall commence prior
  to the awarding of grants pursuant to the provisions of such subsections,
  and shall take place before, during, and after the program cycle.
  (2) In selecting an entity or organization to conduct the evaluation
  required for section 467(c), the Secretary shall give priority to entities
  or organizations with experience in new career programs.
  (3) The Secretary shall report to the Congress on the results of the
  evaluations conducted pursuant to this subsection 2 years after the end
  of the first fiscal year for which funds are available for section 467
  (b) and (c).
  (c) RESTRUCTURING OF SCHOOLS DEMONSTRATION PROGRAM EVALUATION- (1) Each
  eligible recipient of a grant under section 467(d) shall use not less
  than 5 percent of the grant received under such section 467(d) to conduct
  an independent evaluation of restructuring activities assisted under such
  section on the delivery of educational services, the stability and quality
  of school staff, student achievement and retention, the relationship of the
  school with the community, and in the case of school-based management/shared
  decisionmaking initiatives, what decisions were transferred to the
  school-based management/shared decisionmaking teams.
  (2) Such evaluations shall be forwarded to the Secretary at such time and
  in such manner as the Secretary may require.
  (3) The Secretary shall report to the Congress on the results of the
  evaluations conducted pursuant to this subsection within 2 years after
  the end of the first fiscal year for which funds are available under
  section 467(d).
  (d) GAO REPORT- The Comptroller General shall submit an evaluation on
  the program authorized by this part due to the appropriate committees by
  January 1, 1994.
SEC. 469. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.
  There are authorized to be appropriated to carry out this part $225,000,000
  for fiscal year 1991 and such sums as may be necessary for each of the 4
  succeeding fiscal years.
PART G--NATIONAL BOARD FOR PROFESSIONAL TEACHING STANDARDS
SEC. 471. SHORT TITLE.
  This part may be cited as the `National Board for Professional Teaching
  Standards Act of 1990'.
SEC. 472. FINDINGS AND PURPOSE.
  (a) FINDINGS- The Congress finds that--
  (1) the economic well-being and national security of the United States
  depends on efforts to strengthen the public educational system to provide all
  public school children with an education which will ensure a well-educated
  workforce;
  (2) improved teaching is central to the goal of ensuring a well-educated
  workforce;
  (3) incentives to enhance the professionalism and status of teaching
  can be provided through the development and promulgation of voluntary
  standards of professional certification that are rigorous and unbiased,
  that complement and support State licensing practices and recognize the
  diversity of American society;
  (4) the National Board for Professional Teaching Standards, a private
  nonprofit organization has been created to establish such voluntary
  standards and a significant initial investment in research and development
  from non-Federal sources will be required to create such a system of
  professional certification;
  (5) the Federal Government has played an active role in funding vital
  educational research and can continue to support this national effort by
  providing limited but essential support for critical research activities; and
  (6) the Federal Government has a vested interest in ensuring a balance
  in the allocation of fiscal resources to programs yielding the highest
  quality of professional development and training for current and future
  teachers and to research and development of professional standards and
  methods to assess the Nation's teachers.
  (b) PURPOSE- It is the purpose of this part to provide financial assistance
  to the National Board for Professional Teaching Standards to enable
  the board to conduct independent research and development related to the
  establishment of national, voluntary professional standards and assessment
  methods for the public school teaching profession.
SEC. 473. DEFINITIONS.
  For the purpose of this part--
  (1) the term `Board' means the National Board for Professional Teaching
  Standards; and
  (2) the term `Committee' means the Fund for Improvement and Reform of
  Schools and Teaching Board established in section 3231 of the Fund for
  the Improvement and Reform of Schools and Teaching Act.
SEC. 474. PROGRAM AUTHORIZATION.
  (a) PROGRAM AUTHORIZED- From sums appropriated under subsection (b) in
  any fiscal year, the Secretary is authorized and directed, in accordance
  with the provisions of this part, to provide financial assistance to the
  National Board for Professional Teaching Standards, in order to pay the
  Federal share of the costs of the activities described in section 476.
  (b) AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS- (1) There are authorized to be
  appropriated $5,000,000 for fiscal year 1991 to carry out the provisions
  of this part.
  (2) There are authorized to be appropriated $5,000,000 for fiscal year
  1992 to carry out the provisions of this part.
  (c) TERMS AND CONDITIONS- (1) No financial assistance may be made available
  under this part except upon an application as required by section 477.
  (2) No financial assistance may be made available under this part unless
  the Secretary determines that--
  (A) the Board will comply with the provisions of this part;
  (B) the Board will use the Federal funds only for research and development
  activities in accordance with section 476 and such teacher assessment and
  certification procedures will be free from racial, cultural, gender or
  regional bias;
  (C) the Board--
  (i) will widely disseminate for review and comment announcements of
  specific research projects to be conducted with Federal funds, including
  a description of the goals and focus of the specific project involved and
  the specific merit review procedures and evaluation criteria to be used
  in the competitive award process, and
  (ii) will send such announcements to the Secretary of Education, the
  Director of the National Science Foundation, the National Research Council,
  and the educational research community;
  (D) the Secretary, pursuant to an arrangement with the Board, will
  publish the announcements described in subparagraph (C) in the Federal
  Register (or such other publication deemed appropriate by the Secretary)
  and in publications of general circulation designed to disseminate such
  announcements widely to the educational research community;
  (E) the Board will, after offering any interested party an opportunity to
  make comment upon, and take exception to, the projects contained in the
  announcements described in subparagraph (C) for a 30-day period following
  publication, and after reconsidering any project which comment is made
  or to which exception is taken, through the Secretary issue a request
  for proposals in the Federal Register (or such other publication deemed
  appropriate by the Secretary) containing any revised project information;
  (F) the Board will make awards of Federal funds competitively on the basis
  of merit, and, in the award process, the Board will select, to the extent
  practicable consistent with standards of excellence--
  (i) a broad range of institutions associated with educational research
  and development; and
  (ii) individuals who are broadly representative of the educational research
  and teaching communities with expertise in the specific area of research
  and development in question;
  (G) the Board will adopt audit practices customarily applied to nonprofit
  private organizations and will comply with section 479(c);
  (H) the Board will not use Federal funds to meet the administrative and
  operating expenses of the Board;
  (I) the Board will submit an annual report to Congress in accordance with
  the provisions of section 479(a); and
  (J) the Board will, upon request, disseminate to States, local educational
  agencies, or other public educational entities the results of any research
  or research project produced with funds authorized by this part, upon the
  payment of the cost of reproducing the appropriate material.
  (d) AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS- (1) Notwithstanding any other provision of
  law, funds appropriated to carry out this part shall remain available
  for obligation and expenditure until the end of the second fiscal year
  succeeding the fiscal year for which the funds were appropriated.
  (2) No funds shall be made available to the Board after September 30,
  1992, except as authorized by paragraph (1) of this subsection.
SEC. 475. CONSULTATION.
  The Board shall consult at least twice annually with the Committee on the
  design and execution of its overall research and development strategy,
  including procedures to assure compliance with the requirements of this
  part. The procedures shall include--
  (1) an outline of specific research and development agenda and activities
  to be conducted with the Federal funds; and
  (2) provisions to ensure compliance with the open competition and merit
  review requirements of this part for proposals and projects assisted under
  this part.
SEC. 476. AUTHORIZED ACTIVITIES.
  (a) IN GENERAL- Federal funds received under this part may be used only for
  research and development activities directly related to the development
  of teacher assessment and certification procedures for public elementary
  and secondary school teachers.
  (b) PRIORITIES- (1) The Board shall give priority to research and development
  activities in--
  (A) mathematics;
  (B) the sciences;
  (C) foreign languages; and
  (D) literacy, including the ability to read, write and analyze.
  (2) The Board shall give priority to research and development activities
  for the certification of public elementary and secondary school teachers
  and the need and ability of such teachers to teach special educational
  populations, including--
  (A) limited English proficient children;
  (B) gifted and talented children;
  (C) handicapped children; and
  (D) economically and educationally disadvantaged children.
SEC. 477. APPLICATION.
  (a) IN GENERAL- The Board shall submit applications to the Secretary at
  such time and in such manner as the Secretary may reasonably require. Each
  such application shall--
  (1) describe the activities for which assistance is sought; and
  (2) provide assurances that the non-Federal share of the cost of activities
  of the Board is paid from non-Federal sources, together with a description
  of the manner in which the Board will comply with the requirements of
  this paragraph.
  (b) APPROVAL- The Secretary shall approve an application unless such
  application fails to comply with the provisions of this part.
SEC. 478. FEDERAL SHARE.
  (a) IN GENERAL- The Secretary shall pay to the Board the Federal share
  of the costs of the activities of the Board for the period for which the
  application is approved under section 477.
  (b) AMOUNT OF FEDERAL SHARE- The Federal share shall be 50 percent of the
  costs of the activities described in section 476.
SEC. 479. REPORTS AND AUDITING PROVISION.
  (a) NATIONAL BOARD FOR PROFESSIONAL TEACHING STANDARDS REPORT- (1) The
  Board shall submit an annual report to the Committee on Labor and Human
  Resources of the Senate and the Committee on Education and Labor of the
  House of Representatives not later than December 31 of 1991, and each
  succeeding year thereafter for any fiscal year in which Federal funds are
  expended pursuant to this part. The Board shall disseminate the report for
  review and comment to the Department of Education, the National Science
  Foundation, the National Research Council, and the education research
  community. The report shall--
  (A) include a detailed financial statement and a report of the audit
  practices described in section 474(c)(2)(G);
  (B) include a description of the general procedure to assure compliance
  with the requirements of this part as required in section 476; and
  (C) provide a comprehensive and detailed description of the Board's agenda,
  activities, and planned activities for the preceding and succeeding fiscal
  years, including--
  (i) the Board's overall research and development program and activities;
  (ii) the specific research and development projects and activities conducted
  with Federal funds during the preceding fiscal year, including--
  (I) a description of the goals and methodology of the project;
  (II) a description and assessment of the findings (or status and preliminary
  findings if project is not yet completed);
  (III) a description of the competitive bidding process, the merit review
  procedures, and the evaluation criteria used to award project funds; and
  (IV) a description of the Board's plans for dissemination of the findings
  described in clause (ii);
  (iii) the specific research and development projects and activities planned
  to be conducted with Federal funds during the succeeding fiscal year,
  including the goals and methodologies to be used; and
  (iv) a listing of available publications of the Board, including publications
  related to policies, standards and general information, research reports,
  and commissioned papers of the Board.
  (2) The first annual report required by this subsection shall include
  a description of the Board's research and development agenda for the
  succeeding 5-year period. Such first report shall include to the maximum
  extent practicable, a description of specific research and development
  projects and activities, and the goals and methodologies of such projects
  and activities.
  (b) ADDITIONAL REPORTS- The Department of Education, the National
  Science Foundation, and the National Research Council shall report to
  the appropriate committees of the Congress on the compliance of the Board
  with the requirements of this part not later than 30 days after the Board
  submits its annual report pursuant to subsection (a).
  (c) AUDITING PROVISION- The Comptroller General of the United States,
  and any of his authorized representatives, shall have access, for the
  purpose of audit and examination, to any books, documents, papers, and
  records of the Board, and to any recipient of funds from the Board, that
  are pertinent to the sums received and disbursed under this part.
SEC. 480. EVALUATION.
  (a) IN GENERAL- The Secretary shall reserve not more than 2 percent of the
  amount appropriated pursuant to the authority of section 474(b) to provide
  for an independent, ongoing evaluation of the research program of teacher
  assessments carried out by the Board and the fairness and the accuracy
  of the data such evaluations produce. The evaluation shall include an
  analysis of the impact of teacher assessments on minority teachers. The
  findings of the evaluation shall be submitted to the Labor and Human
  Resources Committee of the Senate and the Education and Labor Committee
  of the House of Representatives.
  (b) SPECIAL RULE- The Secretary shall enter into a contract for the
  performance of the evaluation described in subsection (a) with a nationally
  recognized organization (such as the National Academy of Sciences or the
  National Academy of Education).
SEC. 481. AMENDMENT TO THE GENERAL EDUCATION PROVISIONS ACT.
  Section 405(d) of the General Education Provisions Act is amended by
  inserting at the end thereof the following new paragraph:
  `(7) The Secretary is authorized to conduct research on the professional
  preservice and inservice development of teachers. The purpose of such
  research shall be to develop models for the successful attainment of
  professional licensure and certification, to be used by the States or for
  national voluntary examinations.
SEC. 482. CONSTRUCTION.
  Nothing in this part shall be construed to--
  (1) establish a preferred national curriculum or preferred teaching
  methodology for elementary and secondary school instruction;
  (2) infringe upon the rights and responsibilities of the States to license
  elementary and secondary school teachers;
  (3) provide an individual certified by the Board with a right of action
  against a State, local educational agency, or other public educational entity
  for any decisions related to hiring, promotion, retention or dismissal;
  (4) authorize the Secretary to exercise supervision or control over the
  research program, standards, assessment practices, administration, or
  staffing policies of the Board; and
  (5) authorize the Board to--
  (A) study, create, or promulgate separate standards applicable to home
  school or private school teachers;
  (B) take any action to require home school, private school, or public
  school teachers to participate in any program offered by the Board; or
  (C) take any action that infringes in any way on the right of parents to
  direct the education of their children.
SEC. 483. VOLUNTARY PARTICIPATION.
  Notwithstanding any other provision of this part, voluntary participation
  in certification assessments by the Board should be open to home school,
  private school, and public school teachers.
PART H--MISCELLANEOUS PROVISIONS
SEC. 491. MAGNET SCHOOLS.
  Paragraph (3) of section 3006 of the Elementary and Secondary Education
  Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 3026(3)) is amended by inserting `teacher aides,'
  before `who'.
SEC. 492. EDUCATIONAL PROGRESS.
  Section 406(i) of the General Education Provisions Act (20 U.S.C. 1221e-1(i))
  is amended--
  (1) in paragraph (2)(C)--
  (A) by redesignating clauses (iii), (iv), and (v) as clauses (iv), (v),
  and (vi), respectively; and
  (B) by inserting after clause (ii) the following:
  `(iii) During the fiscal year 1991, the National Assessment may carry out
  planning activities in preparation for conducting an assessment described in
  clause (ii) in the fiscal year 1994, subject to the enactment of legislation
  authorizing such an assessment.'; and
  (2) in paragraph (7)(A), by striking `Not' and all that follows through
  `used for' and inserting the following: `There are authorized to be
  appropriated for each of the fiscal years 1991, 1992, and 1993 not more
  than $1,000,000 for purposes of'.
SEC. 493. AMENDMENT OF JAMES MADISON MEMORIAL FELLOWSHIP ACT.
  Section 813(a)(4) of the James Madison Memorial Fellowship Act is amended
  by striking the second sentence thereof.
TITLE V--POSTSECONDARY EDUCATION PROVISIONS
SEC. 501. PELL GRANT PROGRAM AMENDMENT.
  Section 411(c)(1)(A) of the Act (20 U.S.C. 1070a(c)(1)(A)) is amended by
  striking clauses (i) and (ii) and inserting the following:
  `(i) the number of academic years (or portion of an academic year) that
  the undergraduate degree or certificate program normally requires, plus
  one academic year; or
  `(ii) 6 academic years in the case of a undergraduate degree or certificate
  program normally requiring more than 4 academic years;'.
SEC. 502. PELL GRANTS.
  Section 411(g) of the Act (20 U.S.C. 1070a(g)) is amended--
  (1) in paragraph (1) by striking `If' and inserting `Except as provided
  in paragraph (3), if'; and
  (2) by inserting at the end thereof the following new paragraph:
  `(3) If, for any fiscal year, the funds appropriated for payments under this
  subpart are insufficient to satisfy fully all entitlements, as calculated
  under subsection (b) (but at the maximum grant level specified in such
  appropriation), the Secretary may, from the next succeeding fiscal year's
  appropriation for this subpart, expend such sums as may be necessary to
  meet any such insufficiencies for the preceding fiscal year.'.
SEC. 503. MODIFICATION TO COMPUTATION OF CONTRIBUTIONS.
  (a) PELL GRANT NEEDS ANALYSIS- (1) Section 411B(b)(3) of the Act
  (20 U.S.C. 1070a-2(b)(3)) is amended by striking out `a program of
  postsecondary education' and inserting in lieu thereof `a program of
  postsecondary education which meets the requirements of section 484(a)(1)'.
  (2) Section 411C(a)(3) of the Act (20 U.S.C. 1070a-3(a)(3)) is amended by
  striking out `a program of postsecondary education' and inserting in lieu
  thereof `a program of postsecondary education which meet the requirements
  of section 484(a)(1)'.
  (3) Section 411D(a)(3) of the Act (20 U.S.C. 1070a-4(a)(3)) is amended by
  striking out `a program of postsecondary education' and inserting in lieu
  thereof `a program of postsecondary education which meet the requirements
  of section 484(a)(1)'.
  (b) GENERAL NEEDS ANALYSIS- (1) Section 475(b)(3) of the Act (20
  U.S.C. 1087oo(b)(3)) is amended by striking out `a program of postsecondary
  education' and inserting in lieu thereof `a program of postsecondary
  education which meets the requirements of section 484(a)(1)'.
  (2) Section 477(a)(3) of the Act (20 U.S.C. 1087qq(a)(3)) is amended by
  striking out `a program of postsecondary education' and inserting in lieu
  thereof `a program of postsecondary education which meet the requirements
  of section 484(a)(1)'.
SEC. 504. DEFINITION OF INDEPENDENT STUDENT.
  (a) SECTION 411F- Section 411F(12) of the Act (20 U.S.C. 1070a-6(12))
  is amended to read as follows:
  `(12) The term `independent', when used with respect to a student, means
  any individual who--
  `(A) is 24 years of age or older by December 31 of the first calendar year
  of the award year;
  `(B) is an orphan or is or has been a ward of the court;
  `(C) is a veteran of the Armed Forces of the United States;
  `(D) is a graduate or professional student;
  `(E) is married or has legal dependents;
  `(F) is an undergraduate student who was not claimed by his or her parents
  (or guardian) for income tax purposes for the 2 calendar years preceding the
  first calendar year of the award year, and who either was awarded assistance
  under this title as an independent student in the prior year, or demonstrates
  to the student financial aid administrator total self-sufficiency during
  the 2 calendar years preceding the first calendar year of the award year
  by demonstrating annual total resources (including all sources other than
  parents and student aid) of $4,000; or
  `(G) is a student for whom a financial aid administrator makes a documented
  determination of independence by reason of other unusual circumstances.'.
  (b) SECTION 480(d)- Section 480(d) of the Act (20 U.S.C. 1087vv(d)) is
  amended to read as follows:
  `(d) INDEPENDENT- The term `independent', when used with respect to a
  student, means any individuals who--
  `(1) is 24 years of age or older by December 31 of the first calendar year
  of the award year;
  `(2) is an orphan or is or has been a ward of the court;
  `(3) is a veteran of the Armed Forces of the United States;
  `(4) is a graduate or professional student;
  `(5) is married or has legal dependents;
  `(6) is an undergraduate student who was not claimed by his or her parents
  (or guardian) for income tax purposes for the 2 calendar years preceding the
  first calendar year of the award year, and who either was awarded assistance
  under this title as an independent student in the prior year, or demonstrates
  to the student financial aid administrator total self-sufficiency during
  the 2 calendar years preceding the first calendar year of the award year
  by demonstrating annual total resources (including all sources other than
  parents and student aid) of $4,000; or
  `(7) is a student for whom a financial aid administrator makes a documented
  determination of independence by reason of other unusual circumstances.'.
SEC. 505. GUARANTY AGENCY PROHIBITION ON THE SALE OF CERTAIN STAFFORD STUDENT
LOAN LISTS.
  Section 428(b)(3) of the Higher Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 1708(b)(3))
  (hereafter in this title referred to as the `Act') is amended--
  (1) by striking out `or' at the end of subparagraph (B);
  (2) by striking out the period at the end of subparagraph (C) and inserting
  in lieu thereof a semicolon and `or'; and
  (3) by adding at the end thereof the following:
  `(D) sell lists of student borrowers who have loans made, insured, or
  guaranteed under this part.'.
SEC. 506. GUARANTY AGENCY USE OF STATE LICENSING BOARD INFORMATION.
  Section 428(b) of the Act (20 U.S.C. 1078(b)) is amended by adding at the
  end thereof the following new paragraph:
  `(7) STATE GUARANTY AGENCY INFORMATION REQUEST OF STATE LICENSING BOARDS-
  Each guaranty agency is authorized to enter into agreements with each
  appropriate State licensing board under which the State licensing board,
  upon request, will furnish the guaranty agency with the address of a
  student borrower in any case in which the location of the student borrower
  is unknown or unavailable to the guaranty agency.'.
SEC. 507. CREDIT BUREAU REPORTING.
  (a) REPORTS TO CREDIT BUREAUS AND INSTITUTIONS OF HIGHER EDUCATION-
  Paragraph (2) of section 430A(f) of the Act is amended to read as follows:
  `(2) seven years from the date the Secretary, guaranty agency, eligible
  lender, or subsequent holder first reported the account to the consumer
  reporting agency.'.
  (b) LIMITATION ON REPORTING- Section 463(c)(3)(B) of the Act (20
  U.S.C. 1087cc(c)(3)(B)) is amended by striking `, if that account has not
  been previously reported by any other holder of the notes'.
SEC. 508. DISCLOSURE OBLIGATION FOR SLS AND PLUS LOANS; REPAYMENT PERIOD.
  (a) AMENDMENT- Section 433 of the Act (20 U.S.C. 1083) is amended by adding
  at the end thereof the following new subsection:
  `(e) SPECIAL DISCLOSURE RULES ON SLS AND PLUS LOANS-
  `(1) DISCLOSURE OF SAMPLE PROJECTIONS- Loans made under sections 428A and
  428B shall not be subject to the disclosure of projected monthly payment
  amounts required under subsection (a)(8), provided that the lender, in
  lieu of such disclosure, provides the borrower with sample projections
  of monthly repayment amounts assuming different levels of borrowing and
  interest accruals resulting from capitalization of interest while the
  borrower is in school.
  `(2) DISCLOSURE DATE- Disclosure pursuant to subsection (b) of this section
  on loans made under sections 428A and 428B shall be made not later than 30
  days prior to the due date established by the lender for the first payment
  from the borrower.'.
  (b) COMPUTATION OF REPAYMENT PERIODS- (1) Section 428A(c) of the Act (20
  U.S.C. 1781-1(c)) is amended by adding at the end thereof the following
  new paragraph:
  `(6) REPAYMENT PERIOD- For purposes of calculating the 10-year repayment
  period under section 428(b)(1)(D), such period shall be considered to
  commence at the time the first payment is due from the borrower.'.
  (2) Section 428B(c) of the Act (20 U.S.C. 1078-2(c)) is amended by adding
  at the end thereof the following new paragraph:
  `(6) REPAYMENT PERIOD- For purposes of calculating the 10-year repayment
  period under section 428(b)(1)(D), such period shall be considered to
  commence at the time the first payment is due from the borrower.'.
SEC. 509. STUDENT MENTOR PILOT PROGRAM.
  Part C of title IV of the Act (42 U.S.C. 2751 et seq.) is amended by adding
  at the end thereof the following new section:
`STUDENT MENTOR PILOT PROGRAM
  `SEC. 448. (a) PURPOSE- The purpose of this section is to establish a
  pilot program to test the feasibility of using work-study funds to provide
  incentives to eligible students at institutions of higher education to
  encourage those students to engage in mentor activities for the benefit
  of disadvantaged youths who are at risk of dropping out of elementary or
  secondary school.
  `(b) PROGRAM AUTHORIZED; AGREEMENTS- The Secretary is authorized to designate
  not less than 10 or more than 100 institutions of higher education that may
  use a portion of their allocations under this part to establish a program
  under this section. Each such institution shall enter into an agreement
  with the Secretary for purposes of this section. Such agreement shall--
  `(1) contain or be accompanied by such information and assurances as the
  Secretary may require by regulation;
  `(2) specify the methods and rates of compensation of the mentors, which
  may include incentive bonuses based on the satisfactory academic progress
  of the eligible youth;
  `(3) describe the methods--
  `(A) to be used by the institution of higher education to identify and
  select suitable students to serve as mentors;
  `(B) to be used by elementary and secondary schools to identify and select
  eligible youth;
  `(4) provide that the eligible youth, his or her teacher, and the mentor
  shall enter into an agreement--
  `(A) which provides attainable goals for the eligible youth to pursue with
  the advice and assistance of the mentor; and
  `(B) which identifies the stages at which progress toward such goals will
  be evaluated.
  `(c) USE OF FUNDS- An institution with which the Secretary has an
  agreement under subsection (b) may use funds provided under this part to
  pay students to engage in activities as a mentor for an eligible youth
  for the purpose of--
  `(1) tutoring the youth in subjects in which the youth is experiencing
  difficulty;
  `(2) supporting the youth in educational and recreational activities;
  `(3) counseling the youth on career and educational choices;
  `(4) otherwise encouraging the youth to stay in school, to develop his or
  her aptitudes, and to follow the mentor student into a successful college
  and adult career; and
  `(5) developing in the student a better self-awareness and a self-motivated
  desire to excel academically.
  `(d) APPLICABILITY OF GENERAL PROVISIONS- Funds provided under this
  section to a mentor student shall be subject to all the conditions and
  requirements of this part, except that funds provided under this section may,
  notwithstanding part F of this title, be counted as part of a student's
  expected family contribution and not be counted as student assistance in
  the computation of need for other student assistance under this title.
  `(e) EVALUATION AND REPORTS- Not later than 3 years after the enactment
  of this section, the Secretary shall submit to the Congress a report
  evaluating the program under this section. Such report shall include such
  recommendations as the Secretary considers appropriate concerning such
  program, and may include proposals for legislative changes.
  `(f) DEFINITIONS- The term `eligible youth' means an individual who is--
  `(1) aged 5 to 18, inclusive;
  `(2) enrolled but failing to maintain satisfactory progress in an elementary
  or secondary school, as determined under the standards of that school; and
  `(3) determined by a teacher or other qualified staff of that school to
  be likely to benefit from participation in the program under this section.'.
SEC. 510. FORMS AND REGULATIONS.
  Section 483 of the Act (20 U.S.C. 1090) is amended by adding at the end
  thereof the following new subsection:
  `(g) DISCLOSURE OF PREPARER IDENTITY- Any financial aid application
  required to be made under subpart 1 of part A of this title or part B of
  this title shall include the name, signature, address, social security
  number, and organizational affiliation of the preparer of such financial
  aid application.'.
SEC. 511. ADDITIONAL BORROWER INFORMATION REQUIRED.
  Section 484(b) of the Act (20 U.S.C. 1091(b)) is amended by adding at the
  end thereof the following new paragraph:
  `(5) In order to be eligible to receive any loan under this title,
  a student shall provide to the lender at the time of applying for the
  loan the driver's license number of the student borrower, if applicable,
  and the name and address of the next of kin of the student borrower.'.
SEC. 512. ELIGIBILITY FOR EDUCATION PROGRAMS.
  (a) HIGHER EDUCATION- Section 484 of the Act (20 U.S.C. 1091) is amended
  by adding at the end thereof the following new subsection:
  `(k) STUDENTS ATTENDING INSTITUTIONS IN THE FREELY ASSOCIATED STATES AND
  ELIGIBILITY FOR TRIO PROGRAMS- Notwithstanding any other provision of law,
  a student who meets the requirements of paragraph (a)(5) of this section
  or who is a resident of the freely associated states, and who attends
  a public or nonprofit institution of higher education located in any of
  the freely associated states rather than a State, shall be eligible, if
  otherwise qualified, for assistance under subpart 1, 2, or 4 of part A or
  part C of this title.'.
  (b) TERRITORIAL TEACHER TRAINING ASSISTANCE PROGRAM- Section 4502 of the
  Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 3142) is amended
  by striking `the Northern Mariana Islands, and the Trust Territory of
  the Pacific Islands' each place it appears and inserting in lieu thereof
  `the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, Palau, the Republic of
  the Marshall Islands, and the Federated States of Micronesia.'.
  (c) TREATMENT OF TERRITORIES AND TERRITORIAL STUDENT ASSISTANCE- Section
  1204 of the Act (20 U.S.C. 1144a) is amended by adding at the end thereof
  the following new subsection:
  `(d) Notwithstanding any other provision of law, an institution of higher
  education that is located in any of the freely associated states, rather
  than a State, shall be eligible, if otherwise qualified, for assistance
  under subpart 4 of part A of title IV of this Act.'.
SEC. 513. SUSPENSION OF ELIGIBILITY FOR DRUG-RELATED OFFENSES.
  (a) AMENDMENT- Section 484 of the Higher Education Act of 1965 (20
  U.S.C. 1091) is amended by adding at the end thereof the following new
  subsection:
  `(l) SUSPENSION OF ELIGIBILITY FOR DRUG-RELATED OFFENSES- (1) An individual
  student who has been convicted of any offense under any Federal law or
  State law involving the possession or sale of a controlled substance shall
  not be eligible to receive any grant, loan, or work assistance under this
  title during the period beginning on the date of such conviction and ending
  after the interval specified in the following table:
`If convicted of an offense involving:
  The possession of a
  Ineligibility period is:
   controlled substance:
xl   1st offense
   1 year
xl   2nd offense
   2 years
xl   3rd offense
   Indefinite
  The sale of a controlled
   substance:
xl   1st offense
   2 years
xl   2nd offense
   Indefinite
  `(2) A student whose eligibility has been suspended under paragraph (1)
  may resume eligibility before the end of the period determined under such
  paragraph if the student satisfactorily completes a drug rehabilitation
  program that complies with such criteria as the Secretary shall prescribe
  for purposes of this paragraph.
  `(3) As used in this subsection, the term `controlled substance' has
  the meaning given in section 102(6) of the Controlled Substances Act
  (21 U.S.C. 802(6)).'.
  (b) EFFECTIVE DATE- The amendment made by subsection (a) shall apply
  with respect to financial assistance to cover the costs of attendance for
  periods of enrollment beginning on or after July 1, 1992.
SEC. 514. TOLL-FREE CONSUMER HOTLINE.
  Section 485 of the Act (20 U.S.C. 1092) is amended by adding at the end
  thereof the following new subsection:
  `(e) TOLL-FREE CONSUMER HOTLINE- (1) In addition to the toll-free telephone
  information provided for in section 483, the Secretary shall maintain
  and publicize a toll-free telephone number for use by the public, in
  order to permit students who allege fraud or unfair practices by eligible
  institutions to inform the Department of such fraud or unfair practices.
  `(2) The Secretary shall, directly or by way of contract or other
  arrangement, make the toll-free telephone number, and the availability of
  the consumer hotline established by this subsection, generally available
  to students receiving financial assistance under this title.'.
SEC. 515. TUITION REFUNDS.
  (a) REFUND RULE- Section 487(c)(2)(B)(i) of the Act (20
  U.S.C. 1094(c)(2)(B)(i)) is amended by adding at the end thereof the
  following new sentence: `In addition, the Secretary may require such
  eligible institutions to make refunds in accordance with division (iii).'.
  (b) REFUND PROCEDURES- Section 487(c)(2)(B) of the Act is amended by adding
  at the end thereof the following new division:
  `(iii) When the Secretary determines there has been a violation, failure,
  or misrepresentation pursuant to division (i), the Secretary may require
  the institution to refund the student's tuition and fees. The Secretary
  shall establish procedures for refunding the tuition and fees. Such
  procedures shall--
  `(I) first require the payment by the institution to the United States
  Government of any portion of the tuition and fees paid with Federal funds
  received under this title (other than funds under subpart 3 of part A and
  part B of this title); and
  `(II) then require payment by the institution to the lender of that portion
  of the tuition and fees attributable to a loan made, issued, or guaranteed
  under part B of this title.'.
SEC. 516. CLERICAL AND TECHNICAL AMENDMENTS TO THE HIGHER EDUCATION ACT
OF 1965.
  The Higher Education Act of 1965 is further amended--
  (1) in section 312(c)(2) (20 U.S.C. 1058(c)(2)), by striking `second'
  the second place it appears and inserting `the second such';
  (2) in section 332(b)(5) (20 U.S.C. 1065(b)(5)), by striking out `year'
  the first place it appears;
  (3) in section 411B(g)(5)(B) (20 U.S.C. 1070a-2(g)(5)(B))--
  (A) by striking out `effective family income' each place it appears and
  inserting `discretionary income'; and
  (B) by striking out `subsection (d)' and inserting `subsection (f)';
  (4) in section 411C(f)(5)(B) (20 U.S.C. 1070a-3(f)(5)(B)), by striking out
  `effective family income' and inserting `discretionary income';
  (5) in section 411D(f) (20 U.S.C. 1070a-4(f))--
  (A) by striking out `effective family income' in paragraph (1) and inserting
  `discretionary income'; and
  (B) by striking out `subsection (c)' each place it appears in paragraphs
  (1) and (2) and inserting `subsection (e)';
  (6) in section 411F(2) (20 U.S.C. 1070a-6(2)), by striking out `including
  amount' and inserting `including amounts';
  (7) in section 411F(9)(B) (20 U.S.C. 1070a-6(9)(B)), by striking out
  `Student' and inserting `student';
  (8) in section 413D(d)(3)(C) (20 U.S.C. 1070b-2(d)(3)(C)), by striking out
  `three-fourths in' and inserting `three-fourths of';
  (9) in section 427(a)(2)(G)(i) (20 U.S.C. 1077(a)(2)(G)(i)); by striking
  out `system,' and inserting `system';
  (10) in section 428C(c)(3)(A) (20 U.S.C. 1078-3(c)(3)(A)), by inserting
  `be' before `equal to';
  (11) in section 428E(a)(1) (20 U.S.C. 1078-5(1))--
  (A) by inserting `(A)' after `except that' the first place it appears; and
  (B) by striking out `except that' the second place it appears and inserting
  `, and (B)';
  (12) in section 435(c)(1) (20 U.S.C. 1085(c)(1)), by striking out `section
  481(d)' and inserting `section 484(d)';
  (13) in section 435(d)(2) (20 U.S.C. 1085(d)(2))--
  (A) by striking out `institutions' in subparagraph (C) and inserting
  `institution'; and
  (B) by indenting the matter following subparagraph (D) two spaces;
  (14) in section 435(d)(3) (20 U.S.C. 1085(d)(3)), by striking out `section
  435(o)' and inserting `subsection (l) of this section';
  (15) in the last sentence of section 442(e)(2) by striking `section 447(c)'
  and inserting `section 442(c)';
  (16) in section 454(a)(3)(C) (20 U.S.C. 1087d(a)(3)(C)), by striking out
  `fourth and fifth' and inserting `fourth or fifth';
  (17) in sections 462(a)(1) and 462(a)(2)(D) (20 U.S.C. 1087bb(a)(1),
  (a)(2)(D)), by striking out `institution which' and inserting `institution';
  (18) in section 464(c)(2)(A)(iv) (20 U.S.C. 1087dd(c)(2)(A)(iv)), by
  inserting `Service' after `Volunteer';
  (19) in section 465(a)(2)(D) (20 U.S.C. 1087ee(a)(2)(D)), by striking out
  `services' and inserting `service';
  (20) in the table contained in section 475(c)(2) (20 U.S.C. 1087oo(c)(2))--
  (A) by striking out `less than $15,000 or' and inserting `less than
  $15,000'; and
  (B) by striking out `$15,000 more' and inserting `$15,000 or more';
  (21) in the table contained in section 475(c)(4) (20 U.S.C. 1087oo(c)(4))--
  (A) by striking out `substract' and inserting `subtract'; and
  (B) by striking out `1,430' and inserting `$1,430';
  (22) in section 475(e) (20 U.S.C. 1087oo(e)), by striking out `section 479'
  and inserting `section 478';
  (23) in the table contained in section 477(b)(4) (20 U.S.C. 1087qq(b)(4)),
  by striking out `1,430' and inserting `$1,430';
  (24) in the last sentence of section 481(b) (20 U.S.C. 1088(b)), by striking
  out `section 413(e)' and inserting `section 435(b)';
  (25) in the last sentence of section 483(a)(1) (20 U.S.C. 1090(a)(1)),
  by striking out `that is' and inserting `that are';
  (26) in section 491(h)(1) (20 U.S.C. 1098(h)(1)), by striking out `subtitle
  III' and inserting `subchapter III';
  (27) in section 525(g) (20 U.S.C. 1105d(g)), by striking out `subpart'
  and inserting `part';
  (28) in section 557 (20 U.S.C. 1111f), by striking out `part B of this
  title' and inserting `part B of title IV of this Act';
  (29) in section 558(a)(6) (20 U.S.C. 1111g(a)(6)), by striking out the
  comma after `preschool';
  (30) in section 571(g) (20 U.S.C. 1115(g)), by striking out `subpart'
  each place it appears and inserting `part';
  (31) in section 622(a)(6) (20 U.S.C. 1132(a)(6)), by striking out `language
  an area studies' and inserting `language and area studies';
  (32) in section 762(a) (20 U.S.C. 1132g-2(a)), by striking out `Secretary
  notwithstanding' and inserting `Secretary, notwithstanding';
  (33) in section 762(h) (20 U.S.C. 1132g-2(h)), by striking out
  `subcontractors or any project' and inserting `subcontractors on any
  project';
  (34) in section 764(b)(3)(B) (20 U.S.C. 1132g-3(b)(3)(B)), by striking out
  `anyone' and inserting `any one';
  (35) in section 764(e) (20 U.S.C. 1132g-3(e)), by striking out `member'
  and inserting `members';
  (36) in section 802(d)(1)(B) (20 U.S.C. 1133a(d)(1)(B)), by striking out
  `has demonstrated' and inserting a comma and `as demonstrated';
  (37) in section 942(b)(2) (20 U.S.C. 1134m(b)(2)), by inserting a period
  at the end thereof;
  (38) in section 1045(a) (20 U.S.C. 1135d-4(a)), by striking out `sexual,
  geographic,' and inserting `gender, geography,'; and
  (39) in section 1204(a) (20 U.S.C. 1144a(a)), by striking out `Trust
  Territories of the Pacific Islands, and the Northern Mariana Islands'
  and inserting `Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, Palau, and,
  subject to the provisions of Public Law 99-239, the Federated States of
  Micronesia, and the Republic of the Marshall Islands.'.
SEC. 517. REGULATIONS FOR INSTITUTIONAL DISCLOSURE OF BORROWER RECORDS.
  The Secretary shall, in advance of the 1991-1992 academic year, provide
  to institutions information specifying the legal restrictions and the
  requirements of eligible institutions relating to loan counseling and
  reporting requirements, including (but not limited to) disclosure of
  borrower records to third parties, the Fair Debt Collection Practices Act,
  and any other applicable Federal law.
SEC. 518. EFFECTIVE DATES.
  (a) IN GENERAL- Except as provided in subsections (b) and (c), the amendments
  made by this title are effective upon enactment of this Act.
  (b) SECTIONS 501 and 503- The amendment made by sections 501 and 503 shall
  be effective for academic year 1991-1992 and succeeding academic years.
  (c) SECTIONS 504, 510, AND 511- The amendments made by sections 504, 510,
  and 511 shall be effective for academic year 1992-1993 and succeeding
  academic years.
TITLE VI--MISCELLANEOUS
PART A--LAW-RELATED EDUCATION
SEC. 611. INSTRUCTION ON THE HISTORY AND PRINCIPLES OF DEMOCRACY IN THE
UNITED STATES.
  Part F of title IV of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965
  (20 U.S.C. 3151 et seq.) is amended--
  (1) by redesignating section 4608 the second place it appears as section
  4610; and
  (2) by inserting before section 4610 (as redesignated by paragraph (1)
  of this section) the following:
`SEC. 4609. INSTRUCTION ON THE HISTORY AND PRINCIPLES OF DEMOCRACY IN THE
UNITED STATES.
  `(a) GENERAL AUTHORITY-
  `(1) The Secretary shall carry out a program to educate students about
  the history and principles of the Constitution of the United States,
  including the Bill of Rights, and to foster civic competence and civil
  responsibility. Such program shall be known as `We the People . . . The
  Citizen and the Constitution'.
  `(2) The program required by paragraph (1) shall continue and expand
  the educational activities of the National Bicentennial Competition of
  the Constitution and Bill of Rights administered by the Center for Civic
  Education.
  `(3) The Secretary is authorized to enter into a contract with the Center
  for Civic Education to carry out the program required by paragraph (1).
  `(b) PROGRAM CONTENT- The education program authorized by this section
  shall provide--
  `(1) a course of instruction on the basic principles of our constitutional
  democracy and the history of the Constitution and Bill of Rights;
  `(2) school and community simulated congressional hearings following the
  course of study at the request of participating schools; and
  `(3) an annual competition of simulated congressional hearings at the
  congressional district, State, and national levels for secondary students
  who wish to participate in such program.
  `(c) PROGRAM PARTICIPANTS- The education program authorized by this section
  shall be made available to public and private elementary schools in the 435
  congressional districts, Puerto Rico, the Virgin Islands, Guam, American
  Samoa, and the District of Columbia.
  `(d) SPECIAL RULE- Funds provided under this section may be used for the
  advanced training of teachers about the Constitution  and Bill of Rights
  after the provisions of subsection (b) have been implemented.
  `(e) AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS- There are authorized to be appropriated
  to carry out this section $5,000,000 for the fiscal year 1991 and such
  sums as may be necessary for each of the fiscal years 1992 and 1993.'.
SEC. 612. AMENDMENT TO LAW-RELATED EDUCATION PROGRAM.
  Section 1565 of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965 (20
  U.S.C. 2965) is amended--
  (1) in subsection (a)--
  (A) by inserting `(1)' before `(a)'; and
  (B) by adding at the end the following:
  `(2) The Secretary shall give priority for grants and contracts under this
  section to agencies, organizations, and institutions described in paragraph
  (1) that plan to operate statewide programs.
  `(3)(A) Except as provided in subparagraph (B), the Secretary shall award
  grants and enter into contracts under this section for periods of 2 or
  3 years.
  `(B) The Secretary may award a grant or enter into a contract under this
  section for a period of less than 2 years in any case in which the Secretary
  determines that special circumstances exist.'; and
  (2) by adding at the end the following:
  `(d) APPLICATIONS-
  `(1) Any agency, organization, or institution described in subsection
  (a)(1) that desires to receive a grant or enter into a contract under
  this section shall submit an application to the Secretary at such time,
  in such manner, and containing or accompanied by such information as the
  Secretary may reasonably require.
  `(2) The Secretary shall convene a panel of experts for purposes of reviewing
  applications submitted under paragraph (1). Such experts shall be individuals
  who have experience in and are familiar with law-related education.'.
PART B--ASSESSMENT
SEC. 621. NATIONAL SUMMIT CONFERENCE ON EDUCATION.
  (a) FINDINGS- Section 5(b)(1) of the National Summit Conference on Education
  Act of 1984 (Public Law 98-524; 98 Stat. 2489) is amended to read as follows:
  `(b)(1) The Congress finds that--
  `(A) the United States economic well-being requires a better trained and
  educated workforce;
  `(B) a strong educational system is essential to achieve such a workforce;
  `(C) agreement has been reached among many citizens that the Nation's
  schools must be improved in order to strengthen economic competitiveness
  and achieve economic prosperity;
  `(D) reforms and goals to improve our educational system, including the
  preparation and retraining of classroom teachers, have been proposed by
  various groups concerned about education;
  `(E) there should be a national forum authorized by law to review these
  reforms and goals and to suggest and recommend ways to implement and
  achieve them.'.
  (b) EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE MEMBERSHIP- Section 5(f)(1) of the National Summit
  Conference on Education Act of 1984 is amended to read as follows:
  `(f)(1) There shall be an executive committee on the Conference consisting
  of--
  `(A) 6 individuals appointed by the Speaker of the House of Representatives,
  of whom--
  `(i) 2 shall be members of the House, one from each political party;
  `(ii) one shall be a local school board member;
  `(iii) one shall be a local elected official; and
  `(iv) 2 shall be representatives of local educational agencies; and
  `(B) 6 individuals appointed by the Senate majority leader, of whom--
  `(i) 2 shall be Senators, one from each political party;
  `(ii) 2 shall be State Governors, one from each political party;
  `(iii) one shall be a State legislator; and
  `(iv) one shall be the head of a State educational agency; and
  `(C) the Secretary of Education, ex officio.'.
  (c) REGIONAL MEETINGS- Section 5(h)(2)(A) of the National Summit Conference
  on Education Act of 1984 is amended by striking the last sentence and
  inserting `The executive committee is authorized to conduct regional
  meetings to carry out the purposes of this Act.'.
  (d) AGENDA- Section 5(i)(1) of the National Summit Conference on Education
  Act of 1984 is amended to read as follows:
  `(i)(1) The executive committee shall develop an agenda for the conference
  prior to the conference. The purpose of this agenda shall be to review
  the goals and recommendations made by recent reports on education in this
  country, by organizations such as the National Governors Association,
  and by the President of the United States, and to make recommendations as
  to how these goals might be implemented and the roles of different levels
  of government in that implementation.'.
  (e) TECHNICAL AND CLARIFYING AMENDMENTS- Section 5 of the National Summit
  Conference on Education Act of 1984 is further amended--
  (1) in subsection (d), by inserting `postsecondary education,' after
  `school board members,';
  (2) in subsection (e), by striking `section 605' and inserting `subsection
  (f)'; and
  (3) in subsection (f)(2)--
  (A) by striking `section 604' and inserting `subsection (d)'; and
  (B) by striking `sections 603 and 604' and inserting `subsections (c) and
  (d)'.
SEC. 622. DEMONSTRATION PROJECTS FOR THE DEVELOPMENT OF EXEMPLARY AND
INNOVATIVE DIAGNOSTIC AND ASSESSMENT SYSTEMS AND POLICIES.
  (a) FINDINGS- The Congress makes the following findings:
  (1) Comprehensive assessment systems provide data to address--
  (A) the need for information instrumental to improving student learning,
  teacher performance, and program design, which derives from diagnostic
  sets of assessment information that are curriculum-referenced; and
  (B) the need for information describing existing levels of student,
  teacher, or program performance, which derives from evaluative sets of
  test information that usually are standardized and norm-referenced.
  (2) Results from standardized and norm-referenced tests are used to compare
  individuals, groups of individuals, or institutions with other similar
  individuals, groups of individuals, or institutions. Such results provide
  accurate normative information that, over a period of several years,
  can be used to identify major trends in the educational achievement of
  students within a district, a State, or the Nation.
  (3) Results from curriculum-referenced assessments are used to analyze
  and assess the strengths and weaknesses of students and programs and to
  prescribe corrective measures. Such assessments provide one of the best
  methods of measuring student growth and development.
  (4) Diagnostic assessment is used to improve curriculum, instruction,
  and achievement for all students at all ability levels by assessing needs
  and abilities of students, developing a curriculum based on such needs
  and abilities, and matching the assessments with the taught curriculum.
  (b) PURPOSE- It is the purpose of this section to develop diagnostic
  assessment systems that are curriculum-referenced to improve student
  learning, program design, and teacher performance at the local level,
  and to train teachers in such assessment. If new assessment instruments
  are developed, they shall adhere to psychometric properties relative to
  standards in the field.
  (c) PROGRAM AUTHORIZED- The Secretary, through the Office of Educational
  Research and Improvement, is authorized to make grants, for purposes of
  establishing demonstration projects to develop exemplary and innovative
  diagnostic assessment systems, policies, and practices, to local educational
  agencies and consortia of local and State educational agencies, which
  may include institutions of higher education and nonprofit or for-profit
  agencies with expertise in curriculum and assessment.
  (d) ELIGIBLE AGENCIES- Any local educational agency described in subsection
  (c) that desires to receive a grant under this section shall submit to the
  Secretary an application at such time, in such manner, and containing
  or accompanied by such information and assurances as the Secretary
  may reasonably require. Each such application shall demonstrate to the
  Secretary that the agency, institution, or consortium, in developing
  diagnostic assessment systems and policies with assistance under the grant--
  (1) will collaborate with curriculum and assessment experts from institutions
  of higher education and other scholars; and
  (2) will conduct a comprehensive, district-wide needs assessment to gather
  data concerning the strengths and weaknesses of students served by the
  agency, institution, or consortium, which assessment will incorporate
  the assessment required by section 1014 of the Elementary and Secondary
  Education Act of 1965.
  (c) PRIORITY FOR GRANTS- The Secretary shall give priority for grants under
  this section to State educational agencies, local educational agencies,
  institutions of higher education, or consortia described in subsection
  (c) that submit applications that--
  (1) describe how the scope of work will focus on local school improvement
  and will include professional expertise;
  (2) demonstrate how data gathered through comprehensive, district-wide needs
  assessments as required by subsection (d)(2) will be analyzed to reveal
  strengths and weaknesses of students served by the agency, institution,
  or consortium;
  (3) demonstrate how data gathered from such assessments will be used to
  improve student performance, program design, and instructional content at
  the local level, particularly with respect to students who are members of
  minorities and students of varying socioeconomic statuses;
  (4) provide for programs for teacher training in diagnostic assessment
  skills, with special emphasis on minorities; and
  (5) demonstrate how data will be disaggregated and presented in nontechnical
  language to appropriate members of the school community.
  (f) LIMITATION ON ELIGIBILITY- An agency or consortium may receive a grant
  under this section in each of not more than 5 fiscal years.
  (g) REPORTS- Not later than the end of the 2-year period beginning on
  the date of the enactment of this Act, and every 2 years thereafter, the
  Secretary shall report to the Congress on the grant program established under
  this section. Each such report shall describe how diagnostic assessment
  systems developed with assistance under this section relates to research
  conducted by the Office of Educational Research and Improvement, including
  research on other Federal and State programs of standardized testing.
  (h) AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS- There are authorized to be appropriated
  to carry out the provisions of this section $10,000,000 for the fiscal year
  1991 and such sums as may be necessary for each of the fiscal years 1992,
  1993, 1994, and 1995.
SEC. 623. NATIONAL CENTER FOR EDUCATION STATISTICS.
  (a) IN GENERAL-  Paragraph (4) of section 406(d) of the General Education
  Provisions Act (20 U.S.C. 1221e-1(d)) is amended by adding at the end
  the following:
  `(G)(i) This paragraph shall not apply to--
  `(I) the survey required by section 1303(c) of the Higher Education
  Amendments of 1986; or
  `(II) to any longitudinal study concerning access, choice, persistence
  progress, or attainment in postsecondary education.
  `(ii) Any person, except those sworn to observe the limitation of this
  subsection, who uses any data as described in clause (i) provided by the
  Center, in conjunction with any other information or technique (including
  de-encryption), to identify any individual student, teacher, administrator,
  or other person and who discloses, publishes, or uses for a purpose other
  than that for which it was collected, or who otherwise violates clause (i)
  or (ii) of subparagraph (A), shall be fined under title 18, United States
  Code, or imprisoned not more than 5 years, or both.
  `(iii) No employee or staff member of the Center or of an institution of
  higher education may be found criminally liable under subparagraph (C), based
  on a violation of subparagraph (A) or clause (i), if such employee or staff
  member has taken reasonable precautions, consistent with the purpose of this
  section, to ensure the confidentiality of data made available to the public.
  `(H) Nothing in this paragraph shall restrict the right of the Comptroller
  General of the United States to gain access to any reports or other records,
  including information identifying individuals, in the center's possession;
  except that the same restrictions on disclosure that apply to the Center
  under subparagraphs (B) and (G) shall apply to the General Accounting
  Office.'.
  (b) NATIONALLY COMPARABLE AND UNIFORM DATA REQUIRED- Subparagraph
  (c) of section 406(g)(4) of the General Education Provisions Act (20
  U.S.C. 1221e-1(g)(4)) is amended by adding at the end thereof the following:
  `The Center shall ensure that such report contains nationally comparable
  and uniform data by State.'.
PART C--AMENDMENTS TO THE GENERAL EDUCATION PROVISIONS ACT
SEC. 631. RESPONSIBILITY OF STATES TO FURNISH INFORMATION CONCERNING USES
OF FEDERAL FUNDS.
  Section 406A of the General Education Provisions Act (20 U.S.C. 1232f)
  is amended to read as follows:
`RESPONSIBILITY OF STATES TO FURNISH INFORMATION
  `SEC. 406A. (a) Each State educational agency shall submit to the Secretary
  a report on or before March 15 of every second year. Each such report
  shall include--
  `(1) information with respect to the uses of Federal funds in that State
  in the 2 preceding fiscal years under any applicable program under the
  jurisdiction of the State educational agency; and
  `(2) to the extent practicable, information with respect to the uses
  of Federal funds in that State in the 2 preceding fiscal years under any
  Federal program administered by the State that provided grants or contracts
  to a local educational agency in the State.
  `(b) Each report submitted as required by subsection (a) shall--
  `(1) list, with respect to each program for which information is provided,
  all grants made to and contracts entered into with local educational
  agencies and other public and private agencies and institutions within
  the State during each fiscal year concerned;
  `(2) analyze the information included in the report by local educational
  agency and by program;
  `(3) include the total amount of funds available to the State under each
  such program for each fiscal year concerned and specify which appropriation
  Act or Acts made such funds available;
  `(4) separately account for any funds carried over from a preceding fiscal
  year by any State or local educational agency; and
  `(5) be made readily available by the State to local educational agencies
  and institutions within the State and to the public.
  `(c) On or before August 15th of any year in which reports are submitted
  under subsection (a), the Secretary shall submit a report to the Committee
  on Education and Labor of the House of Representatives and the Committee
  on Labor and Human Resources of the Senate. Such report shall include--
  `(1) an analysis of the content and data quality of such reports;
  `(2) a compilation of statistical data derived from such reports; and
  `(3) information obtained by the Secretary with respect to--
  `(A) direct grants made to local educational agencies by the Federal
  Government; and
  `(B) contracts entered into between such agencies and the Federal
  Government.'.
SEC. 632. ENFORCEMENT.
  (a) OFFICE OF ADMINISTRATIVE LAW JUDGES- Section 451 of the General
  Education Provisions Act (20 U.S.C. 1234) is amended--
  (1) in the first sentence of subsection (c), by striking `the Department'
  and inserting `the United States';
  (2) in subsection (e), by striking `determination' and inserting `decision';
  and
  (3) in paragraph (2) of subsection (g)--
  (A) in the first sentence, by striking `subsections (f)(1) and (g)(1)'
  and inserting `subsection (f)(1) and paragraph (1)';
  (B) by inserting after the first sentence the following: `Such application
  for enforcement may be made in the judge's name or through the judge's
  attorneys. Such application may be reviewed by the chief judge appointed
  pursuant to subsection (c).'; and
  (C) by adding at the end the following: `The judge is authorized to
  institute and maintain litigation to carry out such provisions without
  the approval or assistance of the Department of Justice.'.
  (b) RECOVERY OF FUNDS- Paragraph (1) of section 452(f) of the General
  Education Provisions Act (20 U.S.C. 1234a(f)) is amended by striking
  `Department' and inserting `departmental'.
  (c) MEASURE OF RECOVERY- Subsection (b) of section 453 of the General
  Education Provisions Act (20 U.S.C. 1234b) is amended--
  (1) in paragraph (3), by striking `paragraph (2)' and inserting `paragraph
  (2)(B)(i)'; and
  (2) in paragraph (5)--
  (A) in subparagraph (B), by striking `was permissible' and inserting
  `might have been permissible'; and
  (B) in subparagraph (C), by striking `was permissible' and inserting
  `might have been permissible'.
  (d) USE OF RECOVERED FUNDS- Subsection (c) of section 459 of the General
  Education Provisions Act (20 U.S.C. 1234h) is amended by striking `following'
  and all that follows and inserting the following: `following the later of--
  `(1) the fiscal year in which final agency action under section 452(e)
  is taken; and
  `(2) the fiscal year in which judicial review of such action is completed.'.
PART D--AMENDMENTS TO EXISTING PROGRAMS
SEC. 641. AMENDMENTS TO THE BILINGUAL EDUCATION ACT.
  (a) AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS- Subsection (b) of section 7002 of
  the Bilingual Education Act (20 U.S.C. 3282) is amended by adding at the
  end the following:
  `(8) From the sums appropriated under paragraph (1) for part A for
  any fiscal year, the Secretary is authorized to reserve not more than
  $1,000,000 for developmental bilingual education projects and special
  alternative instructional projects in middle school grades carried out
  under section 7021(a)(7).'.
  (b) BILINGUAL EDUCATION PROGRAMS- Subsection (a) of section 7021 of the
  Bilingual Education Act (20 U.S.C. 3291) is amended--
  (1) by striking `and' at the end of paragraph (5);
  (2) by striking the period at the end of paragraph (6) and inserting `;
  and'; and
  (3) by adding at the end the following:
  `(7) programs for developmental bilingual education or special alternative
  instructional projects, to be carried out in middle school grades,
  that feature developmental bilingual approaches for fostering academic
  achievement and retention by emphasizing the arts and humanities and
  placing special emphasis on site-based decisionmaking, magnet schools
  community involvement, and collaboration with local colleges.'.
SEC. 642. PROGRAMS FOR IMPROVING EDUCATIONAL PERFORMANCE.
  (a) GENERAL AUTHORITY- Section 4601(a)(2) of the Elementary and Secondary
  Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 3151(a)(2)) is amended--
  (1) by striking `and' at the end of subparagraph (C);
  (2) by striking the period at the end of subparagraph (D) and inserting
  `; and'; and
  (3) by adding at the end the following:
  `(E) establish programs for improving the educational performance of and
  employment opportunities available for elementary and secondary students
  who are not performing to their educational potential in accordance with
  section 4606.'.
  (b) PROGRAM AUTHORIZED- Part F of title IV of the Elementary and Secondary
  Education Act of 1965 (as amended by section 611 of this Act) (20 U.S.C. 3151
  et seq.) is amended--
  (1) by redesignating sections 4606 through 4610 as sections 4607 through
  4611, respectively; and
  (2) by inserting after section 4605 the following:
`SEC. 4606. PROGRAMS FOR IMPROVING EDUCATIONAL PERFORMANCE.
  `(a) GENERAL AUTHORITY- The Secretary is authorized to make grants and
  enter into contracts with local educational agencies, as authorized by
  section 4601, for the purpose of improving the educational performance
  of and employment opportunities available for elementary and secondary
  students who are not performing to their educational potential.
  `(b) PRIORITY- The Secretary shall give priority for grants under this
  section to local educational agencies that propose to demonstrate effective
  approaches to improving the performance of elementary and secondary students
  who are not performing to their educational potential.'.
SEC. 643. DRUG ABUSE RESISTANCE EDUCATION PROGRAMS.
  (a) IN GENERAL- Section 5122 of the Drug-Free Schools and Communities Act
  of 1986 (20 U.S.C. 3192) is amended--
  (1) in subsection (a), by striking `50 percent' and inserting `45 percent';
  (2) in paragraph (1) of subsection (b), by striking `50 percent' and
  inserting `45 percent';
  (3) by redesignating subsections (c) and (d) as subsections (d) and (e),
  respectively; and
  (4) by inserting after subsection (b) the following:
  `(c) DRUG ABUSE RESISTANCE EDUCATION PROGRAMS- (1) Not less than 10
  percent of the funds available for each fiscal year under section 5121(a)
  to the chief executive officer of a State shall be used for grants to local
  educational agencies in consortium with entities which have experience
  in assisting school districts to provide instruction to students grades
  kindergarten through 6 to recognize and resist pressures that influence such
  students to use controlled substances, as defined in schedules I and II of
  section 202 of the Controlled Substances Act the possession or distribution
  of which is unlawful under such Act, or beverage alcohol, such as Project
  Drug Abuse Resistance Education, that meet the requirements of paragraph (2).
  `(2) A local educational agency in consortium with an entity shall not be
  eligible for a grant under paragraph (1) unless such local educational agency
  in consortium with an entity will use assistance provided under such grant
  to provide or arrange for the provisions of services that shall include--
  `(A) drug abuse resistance education instruction for students grades
  kindergarten through 6 that is designed to teach such students to recognize
  and resist pressures to experiment that influence such children to use
  controlled substances, as defined under paragraph (1), or beverage alcohol,
  including instruction in the following areas--
  `(i) drug use and misuse;
  `(ii) understanding the consequences of drug abuse;
  `(iii) resistance techniques;
  `(iv) assertive response styles;
  `(v) managing stress without taking drugs;
  `(vi) decisionmaking and risk taking;
  `(vii) media influences on drug use;
  `(viii) positive alternatives to drug abuse behavior;
  `(ix) interpersonal and communication skills;
  `(x) self-esteem building activities; and
  `(xi) resistance to peer pressure and gang pressure;
  `(B) provisions for parental involvement;
  `(C) classroom instruction by uniformed law enforcement officials;
  `(D) the use of positive student leaders to influence younger students
  not to use drugs;
  `(E) an emphasis on activity-oriented techniques designed to encourage
  student-generated responses to problem-solving situations; and
  `(F) the awarding of a certificate of achievement to each student who
  participates in a drug abuse resistance education program.
  `(3) Amounts received under paragraph (1) by any local educational agency
  or entity shall be used only to supplement, not to supplant, the amount
  of Federal, State, and local funds expended for the support of projects
  of the type described in paragraph (2).'.
  (b) NONDUPLICATION PROVISION- The amendment made by subsection (a) shall
  not take effect if legislation that similarly amends section 5122 of
  the Drug-Free Schools and Communities Act of 1986 is enacted before the
  enactment of this Act.
SEC. 644. TREATMENT OF TERRITORIES AND FREELY ASSOCIATED STATES.
  (a) ELEMENTARY AND SECONDARY EDUCATION ACT OF 1965- Subsection (a) of
  section 1005 of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965 (20
  U.S.C. 2711) is amended--
  (1) by redesignating paragraphs (3) and (4) as paragraphs (4) and (5),
  respectively; and
  (2) by inserting after paragraph (2) the following:
  `(3) COMPETITIVE GRANTS- (A) From amounts appropriated for purposes
  of carrying out this section, the Secretary shall reserve an amount
  equal to the amount described in subparagraph (B) for purposes of making
  competitive grants to local educational agencies in Guam, American Samoa,
  the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, Palau, the Federated
  States of Micronesia, and the Republic of the Marshall Islands. The
  Secretary shall make such grants according to the recommendations of the
  Pacific Regional Laboratory in Honolulu, Hawaii, which shall conduct a
  competition for such grants.
  `(B) The amount described in this subparagraph is the portion of the
  aggregate amount reserved in the fiscal year 1989 under sections 1005(a),
  1291, 1404, 1405(a)(2)(A), and 1405(a)(2)(B) for the Trust Territory of
  the Pacific Islands that was attributable to the Republic of the Marshall
  Islands and the Federated States of Micronesia.
  `(C) Subject to subparagraph (D), grants awarded under this paragraph may
  only be used for--
  `(i) activities consistent with the purposes of--
  `(I) title I;
  `(II) the Adult Education Act;
  `(III) the Education of the Handicapped Act;
  `(IV) the Library Services and Construction Act; or
  `(V) the Dwight D. Eisenhower Mathematics and Science Education Act;
  `(ii) teacher training;
  `(iii) curriculum development;
  `(iv) instructional materials; or
  `(v) general school improvement and reform.
  `(D) Grants awarded under this paragraph may only be used to provide direct
  educational services.
  `(E) The Secretary shall provide 5 percent of amounts made available for
  grants under this paragraph to pay the administrative costs of the Pacific
  Regional Laboratory with respect to the program under this paragraph.'.
  (b) ADULT EDUCATION ACT- The Adult Education Act is amended--
  (1) in sections 312(7) and 371(b)(7)(B)(i) (20 U.S.C. 1201a(7) and
  1211(b)(7)(B)(i)) by striking `the Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands'
  and inserting `Palau (until the Compact of Free Association with Palau
  takes effect pursuant to section 101(a) of Public Law 99-658)'; and
  (2) in sections 313(b) and 361(a) (20 U.S.C. 1201b(b) and 1209a(a)) by
  striking `and the Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands' and inserting
  `the Federated States of Micronesia, the Republic of the Marshall Islands,
  and Palau'.
  (c) STAR SCHOOLS PROGRAM- Section 907(8) of the Star Schools Program
  Assistance Act (20 U.S.C. 4086(7)) is amended by striking `the Trust
  Territory of the Pacific Islands' and inserting `the Federated States of
  Micronesia, the Republic of the Marshall Islands, Palau'.
  (d) EDUCATION OF THE HANDICAPPED- The Education of the Handicapped Act is
  amended in--
  (1) section 602(a)(6) (20 U.S.C. 1401(a)(6)) by striking `or the Trust
  Territory of the Pacific Islands' and inserting `or Palau (until the
  Compact of Free Association with Palau takes effect pursuant to section
  101(a) of Public Law 99-658)';
  (2) section 611(a)(2) (20 U.S.C. 1411(a)(2)) by striking `and the Trust
  Territory of the Pacific Islands' and inserting `the Federated States of
  Micronesia, the Republic of the Marshall Islands, and Palau'; and
  (3) section 611(e)(1) (20 U.S.C. 1411(e)(1)) by striking `and the Trust
  Territory of the Pacific Islands' and inserting `the Federated States of
  Micronesia, the Republic of the Marshall Islands, and Palau (until the
  Compact of Free Association with Palau takes effect pursuant to section
  101(a) of Public Law 99-658)'.
  (e) LIBRARY SERVICES AND CONSTRUCTION ACT- The Library Services and
  Construction Act is amended in--
  (1) section 3(g) (20 U.S.C. 351a(g)) by striking `or the Trust Territory
  of the Pacific Islands' and inserting `Palau (until the Compact of Free
  Association with Palau takes effect pursuant to section 101(a) of Public
  Law 99-658)';
  (2) section 5(a)(3) (20 U.S.C. 351c(a)(3)) by striking `and the Trust
  Territory of the Pacific Islands' each place such term appears and inserting
  `Palau (until the Compact of Free Association with Palau takes effect
  pursuant to section 101(a) of Public Law 99-658)';
  (3) section 7(a) (20 U.S.C. 351e(a)) by striking `the Trust Territory
  of the Pacific Islands' and inserting `Palau (until the Compact of Free
  Association with Palau takes effect pursuant to section 101(a) of Public
  Law 99-658)'; and
  (4) section 7(b) (20 U.S.C. 351e(b)) by striking `and the Trust Territory
  of the Pacific Islands' each place such term appears and inserting `the
  Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands and Palau (until the Compact
  of Free Association with Palau takes effect pursuant to section 101(a)
  of Public Law 99-658)'.
PART E--PLANNING GRANTS FOR INNOVATIVE DEMONSTRATION PROJECTS AND RESEARCH
SEC. 651. GRANTS TO STATE AND LOCAL EDUCATIONAL AGENCIES.
  (a) STATEMENT OF PURPOSE- The Secretary is authorized to make grants to
  State educational agencies, local educational agencies, and consortia
  of such agencies to plan for the development and expansion of policies,
  programs, and projects that--
  (1) increase opportunities of parents, particularly parents of disadvantaged
  children, parents of minority children, and parents of children who live
  in rural areas, to select the school or program attended by their children;
  (2) advance equity in the methods used by States and local educational
  agencies to support systems of public elementary and secondary education;
  (3) further the involvement of parents in the education of their children,
  especially parents who are economically disadvantaged; and
  (4) further the involvement of businesses and communities in public
  education.
  (b) STATEMENT OF POLICY- In implementing the purpose described in subsection
  (a), it is the policy of this program to--
  (1) improve the educational options of disadvantaged students, minority
  students, or students who live in rural areas;
  (2) assure equal educational opportunities for all children; and
  (3) promote the development of curricula to attain excellent, distinct,
  and diverse schools and programs.
  (c) USES OF FUNDS- Funds provided under grants under this section may be
  used to plan for--
  (1) the development of State or local policies and procedures for open
  enrollment among public schools or programs;
  (2) the development of State or local policies and procedures to assist
  parents, particularly parents of disadvantaged children and parents of
  minority children, to become more involved in the education of their
  children;
  (3) the development of improved methods for States to advance equity in
  the systems used by States and local educational agencies to finance public
  elementary and secondary education; and
  (4) the development of improved methods to involve businesses and communities
  in public education.
  (d) APPLICATIONS- (1) Any agency or consortium that desires to receive a
  grant under this section shall submit to the Secretary an application in
  such form, in such manner, and containing or accompanied by such information
  as the Secretary may reasonably require. Each such application shall--
  (A) assure that the funds provided under the grant will be used for the
  purposes described in subsection (c);
  (B) describe the need for the grant;
  (C) describe the objectives of the project and how those objectives will
  be fulfilled;
  (D) assure that any project assisted with funds under this section will not--
  (i) result in segregation in schools within the State based upon race,
  religion, color, national origin, sex, or handicap, or impede the progress
  of desegregation among the schools within the State; or
  (ii) in the case of a grant to a local educational agency or to a consortium
  that includes a local educational agency, result in such segregation
  or impede the progress of desegregation among the schools of the local
  educational agency;
  (E) in the case of a grant to a State educational agency, assure that the
  State educational agency will provide assistance to the project, in cash
  or in kind, in an amount at least equal to the amount of funds awarded
  under the grant;
  (F) assure that outreach and dissemination activities will be conducted
  with assistance under the grant to inform parents of their rights, choices,
  and obligations with respect to activities funded under the grant as such
  activities relate to the education of their children; and
  (G) assure that funds will be used to develop mechanisms to foster access
  to schools in the open enrollment system on a nondiscriminatory basis and
  without regard to educational or economic disadvantage.
  (2) Each local educational agency or consortium consisting entirely of
  local educational agencies that submits an application to the Secretary
  under this subsection shall also provide a copy of such application to
  the appropriate State educational agency. The State educational agency
  may review such application and provide comments to the Secretary with
  respect to such application not later than the expiration of the 30-day
  period beginning on the date that the application is submitted to the
  Secretary and to the State educational agency.
  (3) An agency or consortium that receives assistance under this section
  for 1 year may not receive such assistance under this subsection for any
  later year unless--
  (A) such agency or consortium includes in its application for continuation
  of such assistance, in addition to the information and assurances required
  by paragraph (1), a description of the methods employed by such agency to
  fulfill the assurance described in paragraph (1)(D); and
  (B) the Secretary determines that the program for which funds were provided
  is making satisfactory progress in meeting the objectives of its approved
  application and achieving the purposes of this section.
  (d) PRIORITY- (1) The Secretary shall give priority for grants under this
  section other than planning grants for open enrollment systems to agencies
  and consortia that propose projects that have the greatest potential for
  improving the education of disadvantaged students, and minority students.
  (2) In making planning grants for open enrollment systems under this section,
  the Secretary shall give equal priority to students described in paragraph
  (1) and students who live in rural areas.
  (e) DURATION OF AWARDS- Grants under this section may be awarded for a
  period not to exceed 3 years.
  (f) COOPERATION- Any agency or consortium that receives a grant under
  this section shall, to the extent practicable, cooperate with research
  activities carried out under section 652.
  (g) DISSEMINATION OF EVALUATION RESULTS- Each agency and consortium that
  receives a grant under this section shall provide a copy of results of
  evaluations of programs assisted under such grants to the Educational
  Resources Information Center.
SEC. 652. RESEARCH AND DISSEMINATION.
  (a) GENERAL AUTHORITY- The Secretary, through the Office of Educational
  Research and Improvement, is authorized to conduct research on open
  enrollment systems, parental involvement, school finance equalization, and
  business involvement in public education and to disseminate the results
  of such research. The Office of Educational Research and Improvement
  may conduct such research and dissemination directly or through grants,
  contracts, or cooperative agreements with institutions of higher education,
  State educational agencies, public or private nonprofit organizations,
  or individual researchers. Such research shall, where available, feasible,
  and appropriate, use objective measures of individual student achievement
  in basic and more advanced skills, and shall include an assessment of
  the impact of the program on the academic achievement of educationally
  disadvantaged children.
  (b) PROGRAM REQUIREMENTS- Each recipient of funds under this section for
  purposes of conducting research shall submit a copy of its final research
  results to the Educational Resources Information Center.
  (c) FEDERAL DISSEMINATION- To the extent possible, the Secretary shall
  provide information to State and local educational agencies regarding
  opportunities for dissemination of exemplary programs under this subsection
  through the National Diffusion Network established under section 1562 of
  the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965. The Secretary shall
  coordinate the identification of exemplary projects with the National
  Diffusion Network.
SEC. 653. DEFINITION.
  For purposes of this part, the term `open enrollment system' means a system
  adopted by a State educational agency or local educational agency under
  which parents may select the school or educational program in which their
  child will be enrolled.
SEC. 654. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.
  (a) IN GENERAL- For purposes of carrying out this part, there are authorized
  to be appropriated $30,000,000 for each of the fiscal years 1990, 1991,
  1992, and 1993.
  (b) AMOUNTS FOR RESEARCH AND DISSEMINATION- From the amounts appropriated
  under subsection (a) in any fiscal year, the Secretary may reserve not
  more than $1,000,000 for purposes of carrying out section 652.
PART F--EDUCATIONAL PERFORMANCE AGREEMENTS FOR SCHOOL RESTRUCTURING
SEC. 661. FINDINGS AND PURPOSE.
  (a) FINDINGS- The Congress finds and declares that--
  (1) the ability of the United States to deliver more effective educational
  services to its citizens, especially disadvantaged citizens and traditionally
  underserved citizens, is of primary importance to the national security
  and to the continued role of the United States as a world leader;
  (2) local educational agencies should have more discretion in the uses of
  Federal and State funds than currently provided, if they can demonstrate
  the ability to educate children and adults to perform at higher levels;
  (3) local educational agencies  and the Governors of several States have
  requested greater flexibility in designing innovative programs for training,
  special needs education, and drug education, in exchange for an agreement
  to achieve higher, clearly stated performance levels in a reasonable period
  of time; and
  (4) public education in this country may benefit from school improvement
  models developed under such agreements.
  (b) PURPOSE- It is the purpose of this part to establish a national
  demonstration program of educational performance agreements under which--
  (1) local working groups develop proposals which enable students, including
  special needs students, to achieve higher performance;
  (2) with such proposals, selected schools are allowed to combine funds
  for the education of special needs students, drug education, and training
  programs;
  (3) Federal, State and local protections with respect to civil rights,
  discrimination and safety will be upheld;
  (4) States under the agreement will make available such funds as may
  be necessary to plan, develop, monitor and evaluate local performance
  agreements; and
  (5) the Secretary of Education, through the Office of Educational Research
  and Improvement, shall reserve funds to conduct an independent evaluation
  of the demonstrations authorized under this part.
SEC. 662. ESTABLISHMENT OF PROGRAM FOR EDUCATIONAL PERFORMANCE AGREEMENTS
FOR SCHOOL RESTRUCTURING.
  (a) GENERAL AUTHORITY- For the purposes of granting authority to combine
  Federal and State special needs education, drug education, and training
  programs, and waiving Federal laws and regulations relating to the use of
  funds under certain Acts, the Secretary of Education shall--
  (1) receive assurances from and enter into educational performance agreements
  with the States concerned for not more than a total of 35 local schools
  nationwide fulfilling the requirements of section 664, each of which shall
  also enter into a local performance agreement in accordance with section
  663; and
  (2) develop procedures by which the agreements in paragraph (1) will
  be reached.
  (b) FEDERAL PROGRAMS PERMITTED TO BE COMBINED- The educational performance
  agreement and the local performance agreements may provide for the
  combination (and contain waivers from restrictions regarding uses of funds
  applicable to) Federal, State, and local funds available for programs
  relating to the following special needs education, drug education, and
  training programs:
  (1) In the case of training programs at the secondary level for children
  participating in vocational education courses, funds provided under--
  (A) the Carl D. Perkins Vocational and Applied Technology Education Act; and
  (B)(i) the Job Training Partnership Act;
  (ii) the Drug-Free Schools and Communities Act of 1986;
  (iii) subtitles A, B, and C of title VII of the Stewart B. McKinney Homeless
  Assistance Act; or
  (iv) the School Dropout Demonstration Assistance Act of 1988.
  (2) In the case of special needs programs at the elementary school level
  for children receiving services under chapter 1 of title I of the Elementary
  and Secondary Education Act of 1965, funds provided under--
  (A) such chapter; and
  (B)(i) subtitles A, B, and C of title VII of the Stewart B. McKinney
  Homeless Assistance Act;
  (ii) the Drug-Free Schools and Communities Act of 1986;
  (iii) chapter 2 of title I of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act
  of 1965;
  (iv) the Jacob K. Javits Gifted and Talented Students Education Act of 1988;
  (v) the Emergency Immigrant Education Act of 1984; or
  (vi) title XI of the Education Amendments of 1978.
  (c) AUTHORITY OF OTHER AGENCIES- For the purposes of implementing an
  educational performance agreement that proposes to include programs not
  under the jurisdiction of the Secretary of Education, the Secretary of
  Education shall provide copies of such proposed agreement to each Secretary
  concerned. Each such Secretary shall, with respect to the programs under
  the jurisdiction of such Secretary, have the same power as the Secretary
  of Education has under subsection (a) to grant authority to combine such
  programs, and to waive Federal laws and regulations relating to the use
  of funds in accordance with an educational performance agreement and
  its component local performance agreements that meet the requirements of
  this part.
  (d) LIMITATIONS- Nothing in this part may be construed--
  (1) to authorize any changes in, substitutions for, or lessening of
  the mandates and protections of Federal laws and regulations regarding
  civil rights, discrimination, and safety, and the procedural safeguards
  contained therein;
  (2) to affect regulations and prohibitions concerning the diversion of
  Federal funds for private use;
  (3) to absolve any State or local agency of--
  (A) any maintenance of effort or comparability of services requirements
  under any program described in subsection (b);
  (B) any comparable purposes, goals, or objectives for students targeted
  by the programs described in subsection (b); or
  (C) any requirement to provide for the equitable participation of private
  school students according to the requirements of the programs combined
  under subsection (b);
  (4) to alter the distribution of funds to schools within the local
  educational agency, or to change the way funds are utilized within schools
  for programs not included under the local performance agreement; or
  (5) to permit funds made available for services and activities to be used
  for the construction, renovation, or repair of facilities.
  (e) TERMINATION OF COMBINATION AUTHORITY- The authority to combine programs
  (and receive exemptions) under this section shall expire at the conclusion
  of the sixth year of the educational performance agreement. Each applicant
  shall sign a form acknowledging that--
  (1) the applicant's participation in the agreement is for experimental
  purposes;
  (2) the applicant understands that the rules and regulations waived under
  the agreement will no longer be waived at the end of the 6 years, absent
  subsequent legislation to the contrary; and
  (3) the applicant will not use any public funds to influence the passage
  of legislation to extend the agreements under this section.
  (f) AUDITS- Expenditures made in accordance with the provisions of this part,
  the applicable educational performance agreement, and local performance
  agreement shall not be subject to exception or recovery, pursuant to audit,
  for failure to comply with the provisions of any law governing a program
  or funds combined under the agreement, other than a provision referred to
  in subsection (d).
SEC. 663. STATE ASSURANCES AND EDUCATIONAL PERFORMANCE AGREEMENTS.
  (a) STATE ASSURANCES- Within 2 years after the date of the enactment of the
  Educational Equity and Excellence Act of 1990, the Secretary of Education
  shall select, from those States that provide appropriate assurances, not more
  than 35 schools to combine Federal special needs education, drug education,
  and training program funds under an educational performance agreement that
  complies with subsection (b). Such assurances shall contain such information
  as the Secretary of Education may determine to be necessary, including--
  (1) assurances that sufficient State funds will be available for technical
  assistance, planning and development, implementation, assessment, and
  evaluation;
  (2) commitments from the State that local educational performance agreement
  working groups will be formed to develop and implement the local performance
  agreements;
  (3) assurances from the State that participating in an educational
  performance agreement will not lessen its commitment to enforce Federal laws
  and regulations with respect to civil rights, discrimination, and safety;
  (4) commitments from the State that it will exempt schools from regulations
  for State programs, as specified in the local performance agreements
  relating to the use of funds under certain Acts, and will permit comparable
  combination of the funds provided under State programs included under
  such agreements;
  (5) assurances that the State will--
  (A) only approve local performance agreements for schools where at least
  60 percent of the students are receiving services under chapter 1 of title
  I of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965;
  (B) give appropriate consideration to the geographical distribution of local
  performance agreements, and the distribution between urban and rural areas;
  (C) consider the prior record of compliance regarding Federal laws and
  regulations with respect to civil rights, discrimination, and safety; and
  (6) assurances that, other than the local performance agreements, the State
  will not require new or additional paperwork or promulgate new regulations
  as a result of participation in the agreement;
  (7) assurances from the State that appropriate indices and goals for
  higher educational performance will be described in the local performance
  agreements;
  (8) commitments from the State that the local performance agreements will
  be developed with the assistance of full-time local educational personnel
  (including paid release time for teachers), parents and other representatives
  of relevant groups;
  (9) assurances from all appropriate State agencies that an approved local
  performance agreement will serve as any required local application or plan
  for programs that are included in the agreement;
  (10) commitment from the State that a collaborative process will occur which
  involves, at a minimum, participation from the chief elected official and
  the chief State school officer;
  (11) assurances from all appropriate State agencies that approved local
  performance agreements will serve as modifications or amendments to the
  relevant State plans; and
  (12) assurances from the State that authority to waive State laws and
  regulations specified under the local performance agreements regarding uses
  of funds under certain Acts will be retained by the appropriate State agency.
  (b) EDUCATIONAL PERFORMANCE AGREEMENTS- Each educational performance
  agreement under this part shall, subject to section 666(d), be entered
  into by each Secretary concerned and the States selected under subsection
  (a) within 2 years of the date of the enactment of the Educational Equity
  and Excellence Act of 1990 and shall be effective for 6 fiscal years. Such
  agreement shall--
  (1) identify the responsibilities of the respective parties to the agreement;
  (2) describe the methods and activities by which the commitments and
  assurances provided under section 663(a) will be implemented;
  (3) require that the first such fiscal year be devoted to the development
  of local performance agreements (in accordance with section 664) for the
  implementation of the agreement;
  (4) not permit the combination of Federal funds during such first fiscal
  year;
  (5) require that the second through sixth such fiscal years be years in
  which the educational performance agreement is implemented in accordance
  with the local performance agreements;
  (6) once the local performance agreements are adopted, include a specific
  description of--
  (A) the Federal and State special needs education, drug education, and
  training programs and funds which will be affected and the manner in which
  the funds will be combined; and
  (B) the waivers which will be provided from restrictions applicable to
  Federal, State, and local funds available for such programs; and
  (7) contain such additional information and assurances as each Secretary
  concerned may require consistent with the purposes of this title.
  (c) INITIAL PLANNING YEAR- During the initial planning year, the State
  shall provide, for the purposes of the local performance agreement--
  (1) such technical assistance or funding for technical assistance as may
  be necessary; and
  (2) funds sufficient to meet the costs of developing comprehensive and
  detailed plans for the implementation of the local performance agreements,
  including the costs of the working group.
  (d) IMPLEMENTATION YEARS- For the second through sixth fiscal years in
  which an educational performance agreement under this part is in effect,
  the State shall make such funds available to select a school or schools
  through the local school authorities as are necessary for continuing
  technical assistance and local administration, monitoring, and annual
  evaluation. Such funds shall also be available to other program providers
  participating in the agreement.
SEC. 664. LOCAL PERFORMANCE AGREEMENTS.
  During the second through sixth year of an educational performance agreement,
  such agreement shall be in effect only if it contains, as component elements,
  local performance agreements that--
  (1) are developed and coordinated by a local educational performance
  agreement working group comprised of individuals representative of program
  providers, business, local school authorities and personnel, parents,
  and other representative individuals with direct involvement with the
  local performance agreement as appropriate, and who reflect local needs
  and interests;
  (2) are entered into by the selected schools, the local educational agency,
  the State, and each Secretary concerned;
  (3) are amendable through negotiation during the term of the educational
  performance agreement;
  (4) include any relevant provisions of the State assurances and educational
  performance agreement under section 663;
  (5) specify the funds to be combined and the waivers required from State
  and Federal laws and regulations regarding uses of funds under certain
  Acts to carry out the educational performance agreement;
  (6) contain goals for children targeted by programs combined under the
  performance agreement which are comparable to, or exceed, goals under
  such programs;
  (7) include a set of intermediate performance goals;
  (8) include higher outcomes, including achievement levels, than previously
  demonstrated over the preceding 3 years for the children described in
  paragraph (6);
  (9) identify the entities which will be responsible for the achievement
  of the stated goals at the end of each year of the agreement;
  (10) include--
  (A) a description of the indices to be measured in order to ascertain the
  amount of progress made toward the stated goals of the agreement, which
  indices may include measurement instruments developed before or after
  the date of the enactment of the Educational Equity and Excellence Act of
  1990 which--
  (i) shall include measures of achievement; and
  (ii) may include--
  (I) the dropout rate, retention rate, or graduation rate;
  (II) teacher and student absenteeism rates;
  (III) skill levels of students in reading, mathematics, analytical reasoning,
  and higher order thinking; and
  (IV) other indicators considered to be appropriate by the local educational
  agency, including open-ended problem solving exercises to measure analytical
  and mathematical skills, portfolios of student's work in subject areas,
  and performance tests (including vocational skills assessments);
  (B) a description of the methods to be used in measuring such indices; and
  (C) an average measurement of such indices over the preceding 3 years as
  of the date the local performance agreement is entered into;
  (11) provide for the termination of the local performance agreement, and
  withdrawal of authority to combine programs, if any Secretary concerned, in
  consultation with the State, determines that the agency has substantially
  failed to comply with any requirement of this part, the educational
  performance agreement, or the local performance agreement;
  (12) include a plan for coordinated services and service delivery;
  (13) describe rewards and incentives that will be provided to students and
  successful service providers, particularly incentives for service providers
  that meet goals for students who are members of special populations and
  dropouts; and
  (14) include a commitment that--
  (A) the local performance agreement will be adopted at a regular meeting
  of the local educational agency, with adequate public notice, and the
  agreement will include comments received at such meeting with a written
  description of the response to the concerns expressed in such comments;
  (B) the local performance agreement will be reviewed by the local educational
  agency not less often than once annually during the term of the agreement
  in accordance with section 665(a); and
  (C) the State will submit the results of the assessments conducted under
  section 665(b) to each Secretary concerned.
SEC. 665. LOCAL REVIEW AND ASSESSMENT.
  (a) ANNUAL REVIEW- (1)(A) Each local educational agency that enters into a
  local performance agreement under this part shall conduct an annual review of
  the operation of such agreement to ascertain whether improved performance is
  being achieved and whether such performance is being sustained. Such review--
  (i) shall at least include measures of the performance of students targeted
  under each of the programs combined under the local performance agreement;
  and
  (ii) shall be conducted in consultation with the local performance agreement
  working group.
  (B) The results of each annual review required by paragraph (1) shall be
  made available to parents, the public, and the State educational agency
  involved, and shall be included as part of the 3-year assessment required
  under subsection (b).
  (2) If the annual review required by paragraph (1) reveals any decline in
  performance, the local educational agency concerned shall, in cooperation
  with the local educational performance agreement working group, develop
  alternative strategies and modify the program as appropriate, including
  making available additional sources of technical assistance and inservice
  training.
  (b) ASSESSMENT- (1) Each local educational agency shall assess
  the effectiveness of programs operated under the provisions of the
  local performance agreement at the end of the third year of program
  implementation. At a minimum, such assessment shall include measurement
  of the performance of students eligible for services under chapter 1 of
  title I of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965 and students
  enrolled in vocational and applied technology education programs and a
  description of the degree to which the local performance agreement has met
  the goals and objectives of the programs combined under such agreement. Such
  assessment results shall be submitted to the State educational agency. The
  State educational agency shall make public the results reported, and shall
  transmit the results of these assessments to the Secretary of Education.
  (2) If the local educational agency assessment results do not achieve
  the stated goals and outcomes in the local performance agreement, or if
  the performance of the students participating in the programs does not
  exceed the average performance of such children for the preceding 3 years
  or exceed the performance of similar target populations district wide, the
  local educational agency and the State educational agency shall develop a
  local implementation and improvement strategy that may include agreement
  modification, technical assistance from the State, and revised assessment
  criteria and timetables. The local performance agreement may be terminated,
  and authority to combine programs withdrawn, if the Secretary of Education
  determines that--
  (A) the local educational agency cannot achieve the goals or sufficient
  improvement in educational performance even with assistance; or
  (B) the local educational agency refuses to negotiate or implement an
  improvement strategy.
SEC. 666. EVALUATION AND REPORT TO CONGRESS.
  (a) ONGOING EVALUATION- (1) The Secretary of Education, through the Office
  of Educational Research and Improvement and in consultation with each
  other Secretary concerned, shall enter into a contract for an on-going
  evaluation of each educational performance agreement under this part,
  and the operation of the local performance agreements thereunder. Such
  evaluation shall include--
  (A) an interim report to the Secretary at the end of the third year of
  operation; and
  (B) a final report at the completion of the demonstration authorized under
  this part.
  (2) Such reports shall contain--
  (A) an evaluation and description of the results achieved; and
  (B) a description of the degree to which the implementation of this part
  met the special needs of students targeted under the Federal programs
  described in sections 662 (a) and (b).
  (3) Each report required by paragraph (1) shall be submitted not later
  than 1 year after the third year, in the case of subparagraph (A)(1), and
  at the termination or completion of the educational performance agreement,
  in the case of subparagraph (B)(1).
  (b) INTERIM REPORTS- The Secretary of Education shall provide interim
  progress reports to the Congress with respect to each educational performance
  agreement under this title, based on an analysis of the yearly evaluations
  conducted pursuant to each agreement.
  (c) FUNDING- From amounts available to the Office of Educational Research
  and Improvement, the Secretary shall make available at least $1,000,000
  for the purposes of carrying out this section. Such funds shall be made
  available over a 3-year period.
  (d) SPECIAL RULE- The Secretary shall not be authorized to carry out the
  provisions of this part until the requirements of subsection (c) have
  been met.
SEC. 667. ASSESSMENT TO ASSIST CONGRESS, STATES, AND SCHOOLS IN IMPROVING
STUDENT PERFORMANCE.
  (a) REPORT ON THE PUBLIC SCHOOLS- In order to assist State and local
  educational agencies and teachers in focusing more time and resources on
  improving student performance, the Secretary of Education shall, not later
  than January 1, 1992, prepare a report on the public schools of each State.
  (b) CONTENTS OF REPORT- The report required by subsection (a) shall--
  (1) describe the administration of public education within each State and
  identify any legal, regulatory, and organizational requirements promulgated
  since 1980 that affect educational practices;
  (2) identify which governmental entity promulgated each requirement
  described in paragraph (1);
  (3) analyze the impact of the requirements described in paragraph (1)
  on the time and resources local educational agencies have available for
  educating students, including fiscal resources, staff time, facilities,
  instructional equipment, and services;
  (4) determine the extent to which the number of requirements described in
  paragraph (1) has increased or decreased since 1980 and the reasons for
  any such increase or decrease; and
  (5) include recommendations on how best to simplify Federal or State
  regulations so that more resources can be used to improve student
  performance.
  (c) SPECIFIC ISSUES FOR ANALYSIS- In preparing the report on new requirements
  imposed since 1980, the Secretary of Education shall analyze for each State--
  (1) the amount of resources, if any, that local educational agencies must
  direct to complying with new mandates and other new legal and regulatory
  requirements directly related to the education of students, including
  mandated curricula and student-teacher ratios;
  (2) the amount of resources, if any, that local educational agencies must
  expend to meet new mandates and other new legal and regulatory requirements
  that are not directly related to the education of students;
  (3) the amount of time, if any, that school personnel must spend responding
  to new requests for data and completing new reports to fulfill Federal or
  State requirements;
  (4) the amount of time, if any, that administrators must spend responding
  to the paperwork requirements that result from new legal, regulatory,
  and organizational requirements;
  (5) the effect of any new legal and regulatory requirements on the ability
  of local educational practices, including the impact of such requirements
  on local flexibility and control over the classroom and school building
  management; and
  (6) the degree to which any Federal or State requirements have been reduced
  since 1980 and how such a reduction was achieved.
  (d) DISTRIBUTION OF REPORT- The appropriate State report shall be submitted
  to the chief executive officer, chief State school officer, legislative
  leaders of each State, and major State education organizations by January
  1, 1992.
  (e) SUMMARY REPORT TO THE CONGRESS- A summary report on all States shall
  be submitted by the Secretary of Education to the Congress not later than
  January 1, 1992. Such summary report shall include a chart comparing the
  findings in each of the States and shall rank the States according to the
  degree of regulatory burden within each State.
  (f) UPDATE OF REPORT- By January 1 of each year, the Secretary of Education
  shall update each State report and the summary report to the Congress,
  illustrating where Federal or State requirements have increased or decreased
  during the previous year.
  (g) CONSULTATION WITH THE CONGRESS- The Secretary of Education shall consult
  with the Committee on Education and Labor of the House of Representatives
  and the Committee on Labor and Human Resources of the Senate by June 1,
  1991, concerning the report's design.
SEC. 668. DEFINITIONS.
  For the purposes of this part:
  (1) Except as otherwise provided, each term has the meaning provided under
  section 1471 of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965.
  (2) The term `Secretary concerned' means the head of the Federal agency
  responsible for the program which the State and local entities propose to
  be made part of the local performance agreement. In the case of a local
  performance agreement involving programs under the jurisdiction of more
  than 1 Federal agency, the agreement on the part of the Federal Government
  may only be entered into, modified, or terminated by the mutual consent
  of all involved heads of Federal agencies, except that failure to comply
  with the terms of the exemption from a provision of law or regulation of
  1 agency may be grounds for that agency's withdrawal of that exemption or
  the involvement of that program, without termination of the entire agreement.
  (3) The term `State' includes each of the 50 States and the District
  of Columbia.
PART G--DEFINITIONS
SEC. 671. DEFINITIONS.
  As used in this Act--
  (1) the term `Director' means the Director of the National Science
  Foundation;
  (2) the term `local educational agency' has the meaning provided by section
  1471(12) of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965;
  (3) the term `preschool age' means children below mandatory school attendance
  age, as determined by State law;
  (4) the term `related services' has the meaning provided by section
  602(a)(17) of the Education of the Handicapped Act;
  (5) the term `Secretary', unless otherwise specified, means the Secretary
  of Education;
  (6) the term `school-age population' means the population of individuals
  aged 5 to 17, as determined by the Bureau of the Census in the most recent
  decennial census;
  (7) the term `State' has the meaning provided by section 1471(22) of the
  Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965;
  (8) the term `State educational agency' has the meaning provided by section
  1471(23) of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965;
  (9) the term `State higher education agency' means the State board of
  higher education or other agency or officer primarily responsible for the
  State supervision of higher education, or, if there is no such officer or
  agency, an officer or agency designation by the Governor or by State law; and
  (10) the term `student with a disability' has the same meaning given
  the term `handicapped children' in section 602 of the Education of the
  Handicapped Act.
TITLE VII--SCIENCE SCHOLARSHIPS
PART A--NATIONAL SCIENCE SCHOLARS PROGRAM
SEC. 711. PURPOSE; APPROPRIATIONS AUTHORIZED.
  (a) PURPOSE- It is the purpose of this part--
  (1) to establish a National Science Scholars Program to recognize student
  excellence and achievement in the physical, life, and computer sciences,
  mathematics, and engineering;
  (2) to provide financial assistance to students under paragraph (1)
  to continue their postsecondary education in such fields of study at
  sustained high levels of performance;
  (3) to contribute to strengthening the leadership of the United States in
  such fields;
  (4) to strengthen the United States mathematics, science, and engineering
  base by offering opportunities to pursue postsecondary education in life,
  physical, and computer sciences, mathematics, and engineering;
  (5) to encourage role models in mathematics, scientific, and engineering
  fields for young people;
  (6) to strengthen the United States mathematics, scientific, and engineering
  potential by encouraging equal participation of women with men in scientific,
  mathematics, and engineering fields; and
  (7) to attract talented students to teaching careers in mathematics and
  science in elementary and secondary schools.
  (b) AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS-
  (1) SCHOLARSHIPS- There are authorized to be appropriated to the Department
  of Education $4,500,000 for fiscal year 1991 for awards to National
  Science Scholars.
  (2) CONTINUATION AWARDS- There are authorized to be appropriated to the
  Department of Education such sums as may be necessary for each of the fiscal
  years 1992, 1993, 1994, and 1995 to make continuation awards pursuant to
  section 712(b)(2).
SEC. 712. SCHOLARSHIPS AUTHORIZED.
  (a) PROGRAM AUTHORITY- The Secretary is authorized, in accordance with the
  provisions of this part, to carry out a program of awarding scholarships
  to students for the study of the physical, life,  or computer sciences,
  mathematics, or engineering, who--
  (1) are selected by the President;
  (2) have demonstrated outstanding academic achievement in the physical,
  life, or computer sciences, mathematics, or engineering; and
  (3) show promise of continued outstanding academic performance in such
  field of study.
  (b) PERIOD OF AWARDS-
  (1) PERIOD OF INITIAL AWARD- A student who satisfies the requirements of
  section 714(a) may receive a scholarship, for a period of 1 academic year,
  for the first year of undergraduate study at an institution of higher
  education.
  (2) CONTINUATION AWARDS- A student who satisfies the requirements of
  section 714(b) may receive additional scholarships, each awarded for a
  period of 1 academic year, in order to complete his or her undergraduate
  course of study. A student may receive additional scholarships for not
  more than 3 academic years of undergraduate study, except that, in the
  case of a student who is enrolled in an undergraduate course of study that
  requires attendance for 5 academic years, the student may receive additional
  scholarships for not more than 4 academic years of undergraduate study.
  (c) USE AT ANY INSTITUTION PERMITTED- A student awarded a scholarship under
  this part may attend any institution of higher education, as defined in
  section 1201(a) of the Higher Education Act of 1965.
  (d) NATIONAL SCIENCE SCHOLARS- Students awarded scholarships under this
  part shall be known as `National Science Scholars'.
SEC. 713. SELECTION OF SCHOLARS.
  (a) SELECTION CRITERIA FOR INITIAL AWARDS-
  (1) SELECTION CRITERIA- The Director of the National Science Foundation
  shall develop and submit to the Secretary proposed criteria to be used in the
  selection of National Science Scholars for initial year awards under section
  712(b)(1). Such criteria shall provide for the selection of such scholars on
  the basis of potential to successfully complete a postsecondary program in
  the physical, life, or computer sciences, mathematics, or engineering, and
  on the basis of motivation to pursue a career in such fields. In addition,
  consideration may be given to the financial need of the individual, and to
  promoting participation by minorities and individuals with disabilities. The
  Director shall determine the proposed criteria for measuring the potential
  and motivation of nominees.
  (2) PUBLICATION- The Secretary and the Director shall agree to, and jointly
  publish in the Federal Register, appropriate selection criteria.
  (b) SELECTION PROCESS FOR INITIAL AWARDS-
  (1) NOMINATING COMMITTEE- Each State desiring to qualify its students
  for selection as a National Science Scholar shall establish a nominating
  committee. Such committee shall be appointed by the chief State school
  officer or by an existing grant agency or panel designated by such officer,
  and shall be approved by the Secretary. The nominating committee shall be
  a broad-based committee composed of educators, scientists, mathematicians,
  and engineers, who shall serve as volunteers without compensation.
  (2) NOMINATIONS- The nominating committee in each State shall submit
  to the President the nominations of at least four individuals from each
  congressional district in the State, at least half of whom are female. Such
  selections shall be ranked in order of priority.
  (3) SELECTION- The President, after consultation with the Secretary and
  the Director of the National Science Foundation, shall select two National
  Science Scholars for each academic year from each congressional district,
  at least one of whom shall be female.
  (4) ANNOUNCEMENT AND AWARD OF SCHOLARSHIPS- The selection process shall
  be completed, and the announcement of the selection of National Science
  Scholars shall be made by the President prior to January 1st of each fiscal
  year. The Secretary shall notify each Member of Congress of selections made
  from such Member's district and State before the public announcement by
  the President. Presentation of scholarships may be made in a public ceremony.
  (5) CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICT- For purposes of this subsection, the term
  `congressional district' includes the part or all of a State (within the
  meaning of section 1201(b) of the Higher Education Act of 1965) represented
  by a Member or Delegate of the House of Representatives, and includes the
  Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands.
  (c) CONTINUATION AWARDS- The Secretary shall award additional scholarships
  under section 712(b)(2) to recipients of initial awards under section
  712(b)(1) who the Secretary determines meet the requirements of section
  714(b).
  (d) DISBURSAL OF SCHOLARSHIP PROCEEDS- Scholarship proceeds shall be
  disbursed on behalf of students who receive scholarships under this part to
  the institutions of higher education at which the students are enrolled. No
  scholarship proceeds shall be disbursed on behalf of a student until the
  student is enrolled at an institution of higher education.
  (e) SPECIAL RULE- The Director and the Secretary shall encourage the support
  and assistance of civic groups, the business community, professional
  associations, institutions of higher education, and others in providing
  scholarship assistance to National Science Scholarship finalists.
SEC. 714. ELIGIBILITY OF SCHOLARS.
  (a) REQUIREMENTS FOR INITIAL AWARD- To be eligible to receive a scholarship
  under section 712(b)(1), a student shall--
  (1) be scheduled to graduate from a public or private secondary school,
  or to obtain the equivalent of a certificate of graduation (as recognized
  by the State in which the student resides), during the school year in
  which the award is made;
  (2) be a citizen or national of the United States or the entities set forth
  in section 303(b)(5), or be an alien lawfully admitted to the United States
  for permanent residence;
  (3) have demonstrated outstanding academic achievement in secondary school
  in physical, life, or computer sciences, mathematics, or engineering;
  (4) have been accepted for enrollment at an institution of higher education
  as a full-time undergraduate student (as determined by the institution); and
  (5) have declared a major in 1 of the physical, life, or computer sciences,
  mathematics, or engineering, or provided a written statement to the State of
  his or her intent to major in 1 of these fields of study, if it is the policy
  of the institution at which the student has been accepted for enrollment that
  students not declare a major until a later point in their course of study.
  (b) REQUIREMENTS FOR CONTINUATION AWARDS- A student who has received
  a scholarship under section 712(b)(1) may receive a scholarship for a
  subsequent academic year of undergraduate education under section 712(b)(2)
  if the student--
  (1) maintains a high level of academic achievement, as determined in
  accordance with the regulations of the Secretary;
  (2) continues to major in, or provides a statement to the State as described
  in subsection (a)(5) of his or her continuing intent to major in, one of
  the physical, life, or computer sciences, mathematics, or engineering; and
  (3) continues to be enrolled at an institution of higher education as a
  full-time undergraduate student (as determined by the institution).
  (c) WAIVER OF FULL-TIME ATTENDANCE REQUIREMENT- The Secretary may waive the
  full-time attendance requirements in this section in unusual circumstances.
  (d) FAILURE TO MEET ELIGIBILITY REQUIREMENTS- In the event that the student
  fails to meet the requirements of this section, the student's eligibility
  to receive further scholarships (or scholarship proceeds) under this part
  shall be suspended in accordance with the regulations of the Secretary.
  (e) REINSTATEMENT OF ELIGIBILITY- The Secretary shall determine circumstances
  under which eligibility of a scholarship recipient under this part may be
  reinstated if the recipient seeks to reenter school after an interruption
  of schooling for personal reasons, including, but not limited to, pregnancy,
  child-rearing, and other family responsibilities.
  (f) NOTIFICATION OF SECONDARY SCHOOLS- The Secretary shall notify all public
  and private secondary schools and all institutions of higher education in
  each State annually of the availability of scholarships under this part.
SEC. 715. SCHOLARSHIP AMOUNT.
  (a) AMOUNT OF AWARD- Except as provided in subsections (b) and (c), the
  amount of a scholarship awarded under this part for any academic year
  shall be $5,000.
  (b) RELATION TO COST OF ATTENDANCE- Notwithstanding subsection (a), the
  amount of a scholarship awarded under this part shall be reduced by the
  amount that the scholarship exceeds the student's cost of attendance, as
  defined in section 472 of the Higher Education Act of 1965. A scholarship
  awarded under this part shall not be reduced on the basis of the student's
  receipt of other forms of Federal student financial assistance, but shall
  be taken into account in determining the eligibility of the student for
  those other forms of Federal student financial assistance.
  (c) ADJUSTMENTS FOR INSUFFICIENT APPROPRIATIONS- In the event that funds
  available in a fiscal year are insufficient to fully fund all awards under
  this part, the amount paid to each student shall be reduced proportionately.
SEC. 716. SUMMER EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITIES FOR SCHOLARS.
  (a) PRIORITY FOR SUMMER EMPLOYMENT- To the extent that they are otherwise
  qualified, students receiving scholarships under this part shall be
  given priority consideration for federally financed summer employment in
  federally funded research and development centers, that, to the maximum
  extent practicable, complements and reinforces the educational program of
  these students.
  (b) FEDERAL AGENCY COOPERATION- Federal agencies shall cooperate fully
  with the Secretary and participate actively in providing appropriate summer
  employment opportunities for such students.
PART B--ROBERT NOYCE SCHOLARSHIPS
SEC. 721. ROBERT NOYCE SCHOLARSHIPS.
  (a) PROGRAM AUTHORIZED- There is established a scholarship program for
  students in a baccalaureate degree program in physical, life, or computer
  sciences, mathematics, or engineering who are willing to commit themselves
  to teaching elementary or secondary school science or mathematics.
  (b) PERIOD OF AWARDS-
  (1) PERIOD OF INITIAL AWARD- A student who satisfies the requirements of
  subsection (g)(1) may receive a scholarship, for a period of 1 academic
  year of undergraduate study at an institution of higher education.
  (2) CONTINUATION AWARDS-
  (A) FIRST CONTINUATION AWARD- A student who satisfies the requirements
  of subsection (g)(2) may receive an additional scholarship, awarded for a
  period of 1 academic year, in order to complete his or her undergraduate
  course of study.
  (B) SECOND CONTINUATION AWARD- An additional period of scholarship support,
  not to exceed 1 year, shall be available to recipients of scholarships under
  subsection (a) who have completed requirements for the baccalaureate degree
  but require additional education courses in order to obtain certification
  to teach.
  (c) USE AT ANY INSTITUTION PERMITTED- A student awarded a scholarship
  under this section may attend any institution of higher education.
  (d) DESIGNATION- The individuals awarded scholarships under subsection
  (a) shall be referred to as the `Robert Noyce Mathematics and Science
  Teacher Corps'.
  (e) SELECTION-
  (1) SELECTION PROCESS FOR INITIAL AWARDS-
  (A) SELECTION CRITERIA- The Director shall develop and submit to the
  Secretary proposed application procedures and criteria to be used in the
  selection of nominees under this section. Such criteria shall provide for the
  selection of such nominees on the basis of academic merit and demonstrated
  accomplishment in physical, life, or computer science, mathematics, or
  engineering, and on the basis of motivation to pursue a career in science,
  mathematics, or engineering. In addition, consideration may be given to
  the financial need of the individual, and to promoting participation by
  minorities and individuals with disabilities.
  (B) PUBLICATION- The Secretary and the Director shall agree to, and jointly
  publish in the Federal Register, appropriate selection criteria.
  (C) MERIT REVIEW PANEL- Award recipients shall be nominated from among
  applicants by a merit review panel composed of 8 individuals, 4 of whom
  shall be appointed by the Director and 4 of whom shall be appointed by
  the Secretary. Members of the panel shall not be employees of the United
  States and shall serve as volunteers without compensation. Nominees shall
  be selected on the basis of selection criteria, which shall be developed
  and published in accordance with subparagraphs (A) and (B). The panel
  shall rank the nominees in order of priority.
  (D) AWARDING OF SCHOLARSHIPS- The panel shall submit its nominees to the
  President, who shall, after consultation with the Director and the Secretary,
  award not more than 500 scholarships under subsection (a).
  (2) CONTINUATION AWARDS- The Secretary shall award additional scholarships
  to recipients of initial awards under this section who the Secretary
  determines meet the requirements of subsection (g)(2) or (b)(2)(B).
  (f) DISBURSAL OF SCHOLARSHIP PROCEEDS- Scholarship proceeds shall be
  disbursed on behalf of students who receive scholarships under this
  section to the institutions of higher education at which the students
  are enrolled. No scholarship proceeds shall be disbursed on behalf of a
  student unless the student is enrolled at an institution of higher education.
  (g) ELIGIBILITY-
  (1) INITIAL ELIGIBILITY- Only individuals who are--
  (A) citizens or nationals of the United States, or who are aliens lawfully
  admitted to the United States for permanent residence;
  (B) majoring in the physical, life, or computer sciences, mathematics,
  or engineering;
  (C) in the last 2 years of a baccalaureate degree program; and
  (D) enrolled in an institution of higher education as a full-time
  undergraduate student (as determined by the institution of higher education),
shall be eligible for awards under this section.
  (2) REQUIREMENTS FOR FIRST CONTINUATION AWARDS- A student who has received
  a scholarship under this section may receive a first continuation award
  under subsection (b)(2)(A) for a subsequent academic year of undergraduate
  education if the student--
  (A) maintains a high level of academic achievement, as determined in
  accordance with the regulations of the Secretary;
  (B) continues to major in one of the physical, life, or computer sciences,
  mathematics, or engineering; and
  (C) continues to be enrolled at an institution of higher education as a
  full-time undergraduate student (as determined by the institution).
  (h) WAIVER OF FULL-TIME ATTENDANCE REQUIREMENT- The Secretary may waive the
  full-time attendance requirements in this section in unusual circumstances.
  (i) FAILURE TO MEET ELIGIBILITY REQUIREMENTS- In the event that the student
  fails to meet the requirements of this section, the student's eligibility
  to receive further scholarships (or scholarship proceeds) under this section
  shall be suspended in accordance with the regulations of the Secretary.
  (j) REINSTATEMENT OF ELIGIBILITY- The Secretary shall determine circumstances
  under which eligibility of a scholarship recipient under this section could
  be reinstated if the recipient seeks to reenter school after an interruption
  of schooling for personal reasons, including, but not limited to, pregnancy,
  child-rearing, and other family responsibilities.
  (k) NOTIFICATION OF SCHOOLS- The Secretary shall notify all institutions
  of higher education in the United States annually of the availability of
  scholarships under this section.
  (l) SCHOLARSHIP AMOUNT-
  (1) AMOUNT OF AWARD- Except as provided in paragraph (2), the amount of a
  scholarship awarded under this section for any academic year shall be $5,000.
  (2) RELATION TO COST OF ATTENDANCE- Notwithstanding paragraph (1), the
  amount of a scholarship awarded under this section shall be reduced by
  the amount that the scholarship exceeds the student's cost of attendance,
  as defined in section 472 of the Higher Education Act of 1965. A scholarship
  awarded under this section shall not be reduced on the basis of the student's
  receipt of other forms of Federal student financial assistance, but shall
  be taken into account in determining the eligibility of the student for
  those other forms of Federal student financial assistance.
  (m) SERVICE REQUIREMENT-
  (1) TEACHING OBLIGATION- Each recipient of an award under this section shall,
  as a condition of the receipt of such award, agree to complete, within 6
  years after graduation from the baccalaureate degree program for which the
  award was made or within 6 years after completion of the additional period
  of scholarship support, if applicable, at least 2 years of service as an
  elementary or secondary mathematics or science teacher for each year of
  scholarship support under this section, except that such requirement shall
  not exceed a total of 4 years. Service required under this paragraph shall
  be performed at a school receiving assistance under chapter 1 of title I of
  the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 2701 et seq.).
  (2) REPAYMENT ALTERNATIVE- As part of the agreement required under paragraph
  (1), each recipient shall agree, in the event of failure to complete the
  service obligation described in paragraph (1), to repay an amount equal to--
  (A) the total amount of awards received by such individual under this
  section; plus
  (B) the interest on such amounts which would be payable if at the time
  the amounts were received they were loans bearing interest at the maximum
  legal prevailing rate, as determined by the Treasurer of the United States,
except that such payment shall be reduced, for each year of service that the
individual has successfully completed, by a fraction equal to 1 divided by
the number of years of service the student is obligated to perform. Such
repayment shall be made within 1 year after the recipient has ceased to
perform the service obligation described in paragraph (1).
  (3) EXCEPTIONS- The Secretary may provide for the partial or total waiver
  or suspension of any service obligation or payment by an individual under
  this section in the same manner as is permitted under section 558 of the
  Higher Education Act of 1965 with respect to scholarships under subpart
  1 of part D of title V of the Higher Education Act of 1965, except that
  pregnancy, child-rearing, or comparable family responsibilities shall also
  be grounds for deferral.
  (n) AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS- There are authorized to be appropriated
  to the National Science Foundation, for transfer to the Department of
  Education $2,500,000 for fiscal year 1991, $5,000,000 for fiscal year
  1992, and $7,500,000 for fiscal year 1993, to carry out the provisions of
  this part.
PART C--ADDITIONAL PROVISIONS
SEC. 731. EFFECT OF CERTAIN CONTROLLED SUBSTANCE AND FELONY CONVICTIONS.
  (a) GENERAL RULE- Except as provided in subsection (b), or by a court
  under the authority of section 5301 of the Anti-Drug Abuse Act of 1988
  (102 Stat. 4310), if any person is convicted under Federal or State law of
  the illegal use, possession, or distribution of a controlled substance (as
  such term is defined in the Controlled Substances Act), or of any crime
  which is a felony under Federal law or for an act which, if committed
  in a Federal jurisdiction, would be a felony under Federal law, and such
  crime was committed during a period in which such person received an award
  under this title, such person shall not be eligible to receive any further
  such awards, and shall be liable to the United States for the repayment,
  within 1 year after such conviction, of all amounts received pursuant to
  such awards, plus the interest on such amounts which would be payable if
  at the time the amounts were received they were loans bearing interest
  at the maximum legal prevailing rate, as of the time of such conviction,
  as determined by the Treasurer of the United States.
  (b) EXEMPTION- A person subject to the provisions of subsection (a) may
  be exempted from those provisions in whole or in part if--
  (1) that person, within 90 days of a conviction described in subsection
  (a), petitions the Secretary of Education for a good cause exemption from
  subsection (a); and
  (2) the Secretary of Education approves the petition.
SEC. 732. REPORT.
  The National Science Foundation shall prepare and submit to the Congress
  no later than 1 year after the date of enactment of this Act a report
  examining current efforts to improve the quality of elementary and
  secondary mathematics and science education and career potential for
  the underprivileged through joint efforts of business, school districts,
  and institutions of higher education, and recommending ways the Federal
  Government may encourage such efforts. The report shall include, to the
  extent possible, a comprehensive list of existing efforts, an assessment of
  what factors have made some such efforts more successful than others, and
  a review of the extent to which such efforts have drawn on Federal programs.
Passed the House of Representatives October 26, 1990.
Attest:
DONNALD K. ANDERSON,
Clerk.
HR 5932 PCS----2
HR 5932 PCS----3
HR 5932 PCS----4
HR 5932 PCS----5
HR 5932 PCS----6
HR 5932 PCS----7
HR 5932 PCS----8
HR 5932 PCS----9
HR 5932 PCS----10
HR 5932 PCS----11
HR 5932 PCS----12
HR 5932 PCS----13
HR 5932 PCS----14
HR 5932 PCS----15
HR 5932 PCS----16
HR 5932 PCS----17
HR 5932 PCS----18
HR 5932 PCS----19
HR 5932 PCS----20
HR 5932 PCS----21