Summary: H.R.948 — 101st Congress (1989-1990)All Information (Except Text)

There is one summary for H.R.948. Bill summaries are authored by CRS.

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Introduced in House (02/09/1989)

National Voluntary Service and Educational Opportunity Act of 1989 - Title I: Establishment of the Citizens Corps - Establishes the Citizens Corps, which shall provide the following national service options: (1) Civilian Service; (2) Service in the Armed Forces; and (3) Senior Service.

Allows individuals to serve in the Civilian Service who: (1) are age 17 or over; (2) have received a high school diploma or its equivalent; and (3) are U.S. citizens or permanent residents.

Allows individuals to be eligible to enlist for service in the Armed Forces as Citizen Corps members (subject to existing personnel requirements of the armed forces) who: (1) have received a high school diploma or its equivalent; (2) satisfy applicable enlistment requirements; and (3) satisfy other eligibility criteria established by the Secretary of Defense.

Allows individuals to serve in the Senior Service who: (1) are age 65 or over; and (2) meet eligibility criteria established by the Corporation for National Service.

Makes such Civilian Service one year of full-time national service, with the option of requesting an additional year. Makes such Armed Forces Service either: (1) two years of active duty in the armed forces, two years in the Selected Reserve of a reserve component, and four years in the Individual Ready Reserve; or (2) eight years in the Selected Reserve of a reserve component. Makes the Senior Service for such time period as the Corporation for National Service allows and either full- or part-time.

Provides that Civilian Service or Senior Service members may perform national service to meet the unmet needs of a State, local government, or other community. Allows such service to include the following types: (1) educational service (such as literacy and numeracy programs, Head Start, tutoring, and service in schools, libraries, and adult education centers); (2) human service (such as service in hospitals, hospices, clinics, community health centers, homes for the elderly, and child-care centers, and in programs assisting the elderly, poor, and homeless, including improving their housing); (3) conservation service (such as conservation of urban and rural natural resources, community betterment); (4) public safety service in support of the criminal justice system (including police, courts, prisons, and border patrol); and (5) service in existing national programs (such as the Peace Corps and VISTA).

Directs the Secretary of Defense to designate appropriate national service positions for Citizens Corps members serving in the armed forces.

Sets forth application requirements for Civilian Service and Senior Service. Directs the Secretary of Defense to establish a system to enlist individuals for service in the armed forces as Citizens Corps members.

Title II: Administration of the Citizens Corps - Subtitle A: Administration of the Civilian Service and Senior Service - Makes the Corporation for National Service responsible for administering the Civilian Service and Senior Service of the Citizens Corps.

Establishes the Corporation for National Service (CNS) as a nonprofit corporation which shall not be considered an agency or establishment of the U.S. Government. Makes the CNS subject to this Act and, if consistent with this Act, the District of Columbia Nonprofit Corporation Act.

Directs CNS to establish: (1) types and amounts of allowances and support for Civilian and Senior Service members; (2) appropriate types of national service activities for such members; (3) procedures to monitor provision of financial assistance under title III of this Act to assure that Citizens Corps members and graduates faithfully perform and complete their service; (4) procedures to examine the effect of such national service on the availability and terms of employment in an area; and (5) rates of pay, eligibility criteria, and terms of service for Senior Service members.

Directs CNS to make general grants, pursuant to a specified allocation formula, to assist States in: (1) paying civilian and senior service member stipends and wages; (2) providing and administering national service opportunities for such members; and (3) making grants to national service councils in each State.

Authorizes CNS to make supplemental grants during a fiscal year to: (1) States which have an unusual increase in Civilian and Senior Service members (excluding those serving with Federal agencies) in such fiscal year; and (2) Federal agencies, to assist them in placing Civilian and Senior Service members for such fiscal year.

Directs CNS also to: (1) serve as a clearinghouse for national service opportunities information; (2) assist States in placing applicants in out-of-State positions, if they are unable to place them in within-State positions; (3) assist Federal agencies in acquiring national service participants; (4) investigate claims of abuses in placement or administration; and (5) issue rules for administering and monitoring service performance and provision of service opportunities.

Subtitle B: Provision of National Service Positions for Members of the Civilian Service and Senior Service - Directs each State Governor to: (1) prepare a national service plan for the State, specifying priorities; and (2) designate volunteer service areas in the State.

Requires each volunteer service area to have a national service council.

Requires such councils to: (1) recruit and place volunteers; (2) prepare and implement a plan for such purposes; (3) provide oversight; and (4) perform other duties.

Conditions the provision of funds to a national service council upon its being certified and its volunteer recruitment and placement plan's being approved.

Requires councils to consider agency effectiveness and community-basing in selecting service sponsors, i.e. the public agencies or public or nonprofit organizations with which the Civilian or Senior Service members are placed.

Requires the Council to take measures to prevent worker displacement. Requires each State to establish grievance procedures for resolving complaints of regular employees or their representatives that placement of Service members violates such prohibitions of worker displacement. Provides for appeal of State decisions under such procedures to CNS.

Authorizes CNS to require private nonprofit corporations to pay to CNS up to $1,000 per Service member placed in a position with such organization. Provides for reduction of such payment to reflect part-time or less than full-year service.

Subtitle C: Administration of the Citizens Corps with regard to Service in the Armed Forces - Makes the Secretary of Defense responsible for administering the Citizens Corps with regard to service by Citizens Corps members in the armed forces, and to issue rules for such purpose within 60 days.

Title III: Benefits for Participating in the Citizens Corps - Requires States and Federal agencies to provide $100 per week stipends to Civilian Service members. Requires CNS to provide such members with health insurance. Authorizes CNS to provide other appropriate support assistance.

Requires States and Federal agencies to pay an hourly wage determined by CNS to Senior Service members. Authorizes CNS to provide other appropriate support assistance.

Requires that Citizens Corps members serving in the armed forces receive 66 percent of the rate applicable to other armed forces members of the same pay grade and years of service, for their basic pay and basic allowances for subsistence and quarters. Makes such Citizens Corps members and graduates ineligible for specified benefits for other members and veterans of the armed forces.

Establishes certain educational and housing benefits for those who complete Citizens Corps service in the Civilian Service or in the armed forces. Provides that such financial benefits shall be to assist such individuals to: (1) pursue a program of education or training at an educational institution or training establishment; or (2) purchase or construct a dwelling to be owned and occupied by such individuals as their primary residence. Excludes such assistance from gross income for income tax purposes.

Sets the amount of such education and housing benefits for Civilian Service at not to exceed $10,000 for each year of the term of service completed. Allows CNS to provide portions of such assistance to individuals who are released from such service for just cause.

Sets the amount of such education and housing benefits for Citizens Corps service in the armed forces at: (1) not to exceed $24,000 for completion of two years honorable service on active duty, if the member agrees to complete the honorable service obligation selected; and (2) not to exceed $12,000 for each year of satisfactory participation in training in the Selected Reserve, if the member agrees to complete the honorable service obligation selected. Allows the Secretary of Veterans Affairs to provide portions of such assistance to Citizens Corps members released with an honorable discharge from completing a service obligation in the armed forces.

Limits the use of such assistance to the ten-year period after completion of service, unless it is determined that an individual was unavoidably prevented from using such assistance during such time period.

Title IV: Miscellaneous Provisions - Entitles individuals who successfully complete terms of service in the Peace Corps or VISTA to educational and housing benefits. Provides that entitlement to benefits shall be in the same manner as for a member of the Civilian Service, even though such individuals are not members of such Service; but reduces such benefits to reflect the amount of compensation received by such volunteers over and above the amount of the stipend for Civilian Service members.

Authorizes appropriations to carry out this Act for FY 1991 through 1993.