S.1160 - Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal Year 1990101st Congress (1989-1990)
|Sponsor:||Sen. Pell, Claiborne [D-RI] (Introduced 06/12/1989)|
|Committees:||Senate - Foreign Relations|
|Committee Reports:||S.Rept 101-46 Part 1; S.Rept 101-46 Part 1|
|Latest Action:||07/21/1989 Indefinitely postponed by Senate by Unanimous Consent.|
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Summary: S.1160 — 101st Congress (1989-1990)All Bill Information (Except Text)
Indefinitely postponed in Senate (07/21/1989)
Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal Year 1990 - Title I: The Department of State - Part A: Authorization of Appropriations; Allocation of Funds - Authorizes appropriations for FY 1990 for the Department of State for: (1) administration of foreign affairs; (2) international organizations and conferences; (3) international commissions; and (4) migration and refugee assistance. Earmarks specified amounts of such funds for the South Pacific Commission, refugees resettling in Israel, displaced Tibetans in India and Nepal, and displaced Burmese in India and Thailand. Prohibits the obligation or expenditure of funds appropriated for international conferences for any U.S. delegation to a meeting of the Conference on Security and Cooperation in Europe unless such delegation includes representatives of the Commission on Security and Cooperation in Europe.
Amends the Asia Foundation Act to authorize appropriations for FY 1990 for grants to the Asia Foundation. Authorizes appropriations for FY 1990 to the Department of State for bilateral science and technology agreements and Soviet-East European research and training.
Amends the State Department Basic Authorities Act to authorize the transfer into the Buying Power Maintenance Account of amounts deobligated from accounts for the administration of foreign affairs. Authorizes amounts appropriated to the Department of State to be obligated for 12 month contracts for two fiscal years, provided that the total amount is obligated in the earlier fiscal year.
Part B: Department of State Authorities and Activities; Foreign Missions - Amends the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 to prohibit Federal officers and employees from soliciting funds for the purpose of carrying out activities for which assistance is prohibited by U.S. law. Prescribes penalties for such violations.
Amends the State Department Basic Authorities Act to authorize the Secretary of State to use appropriated funds for: (1) obligations assumed in Germany on or after June 5, 1945; (2) telecommunications services; and (3) the provision of maximum physical security in Government-owned and leased properties abroad.
Authorizes special agents of the Department of State and the Foreign Service to make arrests without warrant for any offense concerning passport or visa issuance if there are grounds to believe that a person has committed or is committing such offense. Removes violations of specified sections of the criminal code from a list of violations for which such agents are authorized to make arrests without warrants.
Authorizes funds appropriated in connection with the use of Blair House for FY 1990 to be credited to the appropriate account and to be available for maintenance and other expenses of Blair House.
Allows the Secretary of State to require foreign missions to obtain benefits or comply with other terms of the Secretary if necessary to implement an exchange of property with a foreign country to be used in connection with diplomatic or consular establishments. Authorizes the Secretary, if determined that the purposes of the Foreign Service Buildings Act, 1926 can best be met by such exchanges, to transfer funds for the acquisition and maintenance of buildings abroad to the Working Capital Fund. Permits only certain transferred funds to be used for such exchanges.
Amends the International Center Act to authorize the Department of State to charge Federal agencies for the lease or use of International Center facilities used for security and maintenance.
Authorizes the expenditure from appropriations available to the International Boundary and Water Commission for repairs of sanitation works threatened by the Colorado or Tijuana Rivers and for emergency actions against health threatening sanitation problems.
Authorizes the President to carry out preliminary surveys, operations, and maintenance of the system constructed to intercept sewage flows from Tijuana and selected canyon areas. Prohibits the operation of the Anzalduas diversion dam for irrigation or water supply purposes in the United States unless arrangements have been made with the prospective water users for repayment to the Government of the allocated portions of such dam. Authorizes the Secretary, acting through the Commission, to conduct investigations relating to the drainage of transboundary waters between the United States and Mexico.
Repeals a provision of a specified Act relating to the solemnization of marriages by consular officials.
Adds the Department of State to the list of agencies to which criminal justice agencies are required to make available criminal record information regarding individuals under investigation by the Department for determining the eligibility of such individuals for access to classified information or assignment to sensitive national security duties.
Authorizes the U.S. Postal Service to establish branch post offices at diplomatic posts abroad. Requires the Department of State to transfer postal revenues to the Service for expenses incurred in providing air mail services. Provides for such authority only to the extent that the total cost of such postal service does not exceed the cost of service incurred by the Department of State in the absence of such authority.
Expresses the sense of the Congress that the President should take all practicable steps to reopen the American consulate in Bratislava, Czechoslovakia.
Provides that preferences for U.S. contractors under the Diplomatic Security Act shall not apply to the construction or renovation of the U.S. embassy in Ottawa, Canada.
Requires the Secretary to report to the Senate Committee on Foreign Relations and the House Committee on Foreign Affairs on the advisability of reorganizing the Department of State's regional and functional bureaus, including the creation of bureaus and the transfer of jurisdictional responsibilities.
Earmarks a specified amount of funds appropriated under this Act for FY 1990 for continued support for the establishment of a Latin American and Caribbean data base.
Directs the Secretary to develop and implement programs to provide for the safe and efficient evacuation of U.S. government personnel, dependents, and citizens when their lives are endangered. Requires such policies to include measures to identify high risk areas where evacuation may be necessary and, if appropriate, to provide staff to U.S. missions abroad to assist in such evacuations. Sets forth responsibilities of the Secretary with respect to carrying out such policy.
Part C: Diplomatic Immunity, Reciprocity, and Security - Amends the Immigration and Nationality Act to make ineligible to receive a visa and to exclude from admission into the United States any alien who has committed a serious criminal offense and for whom immunity from criminal jurisdiction was exercised with respect to such offense. Waives such excludability under certain conditions.
Directs the Secretary to report to the Congress on the feasibility of establishing a program to compensate U.S. citizens and permanent resident aliens for physical injury or financial loss resulting from criminal activity committed by individuals with diplomatic immunity. Outlines the requirements of such report.
Amends the State Department Basic Authorities Act to authorize the Secretary to make grants to child care facilities to offset the costs of such care in Moscow and at no more than five other posts abroad where the Secretary determines that such facilities are necessary to the efficient operation of the post.
Amends the Employee Polygraph Protection Act of 1988 to exempt the Department of State from a prohibition on administering lie detector tests, in any counterintelligence function, to individuals working under Department contracts.
Amends the Omnibus Diplomatic Security and Antiterrorism Act of 1986 to direct the Secretary to: (1) develop policies to use persons with appropriate U.S. security clearances for maintenance and repair work in classified areas of U.S. diplomatic or consular posts abroad; and (2) report to the Senate Foreign Relations Committee and the House Foreign Affairs Committee on the feasibility of requiring clearances for contractors performing such work in certain diplomatic facilities abroad.
Part D: Personnel - Amends the Foreign Service Act of 1980 to require the Secretary of the Treasury, at the direction of the Secretary of State and the election of a foreign national employee, to transfer such employee's interest in the Civil Service Retirement and Disability Fund to a trust or other local retirement plan (except a social security plan). Deems such transfers to be a complete and final payment of benefits under Federal provisions governing civil service compensation. Requires such transfers to occur after October 1, 1990.
Amends the Foreign Service Act of 1980 to prohibit members of the Foreign Service selection boards from being foreign agents or from receiving income from foreign governments while serving on such boards.
Authorizes judicial review of any separation for cause of a Foreign Service member. Provides that certain members of the Foreign Service who are separated for cause shall be subject to reinstatement with back pay unless convicted of a crime related to the separation for cause.
Authorizes the establishment of a Visiting Scholars Program at the Foreign Service Institute.
Prohibits extra credit for foreign service at an unhealthful post from being used to determine the eligibility of a person to qualify as a former spouse of a Foreign Service employee or to compute such person's pro rata share of employee credit. Prohibits such credit for service as part of a tour of duty. Entitles qualified former spouses of former U.S. Information Agency (USIA) and Agency for International Development (AID) employees to Foreign Service health, retirement, and survivor benefits if such an employee retired before participation in the Foreign Service Retirement and Disability System was possible and the marriage lasted at least five years during the overseas assignment.
Makes technical amendments to provisions regarding the payment of travel expenses for Foreign Service members and their families in emergency situations.
Revises Federal provisions regarding civil service compensation to extend the time period for which payments to employees whose evacuation has been ordered may be made.
Revises Federal provisions regarding quarters, education, and cost-of-living allowances for Federal employees stationed in foreign countries.
Amends the State Department Basic Authorities Act to authorize the Secretary of State to make grants to post-secondary institutions or students (with special emphasis on minorities) to promote awareness of, and interest in, Foreign Service employment. Requires satisfactory educational progress by grant recipients for continued receipt of such grants.
Requires recommendations made by the Foreign Service Grievance Board which were reviewed before the enactment of the Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 1988 and 1989 to be considered final actions of the Department of State.
Directs the Secretary to submit to the Congress a plan to assure that equal efforts are undertaken in each region of the United States to recruit policy and professional Government service employees and Foreign Service officers for the Department of State and affiliated agencies. Requires the Secretary to implement such plan no later than January 1, 1990. Directs the Inspector General of the State Department to report to the Congress on the geographic, racial, ethnic, and gender composition of such employees and officers.
Includes as a prohibited discriminatory Foreign Service personnel practice discrimination based on geographic or educational affiliation within the United States.
Requires the Director of the Office of Personnel Management to appoint an Ombudsman for Civil Service Employees unless such position has been filled.
Part E: Foreign Language Competence Within the Foreign Service - Directs the Secretary to designate as model foreign language competence posts at least two Foreign Service posts in each of the Department of State's five geographic bureaus in countries where English is not the common language. Requires Government employees assigned to such posts to possess an appropriate level of competence in the language common to the foreign country. Provides that at least one of the designated posts shall be in a country where the principal language is Arabic, Chinese, Japanese, or Russian. Requires such posts to continue as model foreign language posts at least until September 30, 1993. Directs the Secretary to report to the Senate Foreign Relations Committee and the House Foreign Affairs Committee on such program. Authorizes the Secretary to make exceptions to the requirements of the program if unanticipated exigencies so require. Prohibits certain posts from being designated as model foreign language posts under this Act. Authorizes appropriations.
Requires the Secretary to report to the Senate Committee on Foreign Relations and the House Committee on Foreign Affairs on an entrance requirement for the Foreign Service of at least one world language at the S-3/R-3 level or one nonworld language at the S-2/R-2 level.
Expresses the sense of the Congress that Foreign Service promotion panels should: (1) only promote candidates to the Senior Foreign Service who have demonstrated foreign language proficiency in at least one language at the S-3/R-3 level; (2) strive for a minimum proficiency in two such languages; and (3) have at least one person on each such panel who has attained at least the S-3/R-3 level.
Directs the Department of State, AID, and USIA to revise the evaluation reports for foreign service officers to include an assessment of an employee's performance in each foreign language tested at the S-3/R-3 level. Requires the directors of personnel at such agencies to instruct promotion panels to take account of language ability and give precedence in promotions to officers who have achieved such level in one or more foreign languages.
Part F: Arctic Ocean Oilspills - Calls upon the Secretary and the Foreign Minister of Canada to begin negotiations on a treaty dealing with recovery of damages, contingency plans, and coordinated actions in the event of an oil spill in the Arctic Ocean or a tanker accident during the shipment of oil by sea. Directs the Secretary to report to the Senate Committee on Foreign Relations and the House Committee on Foreign Affairs on efforts toward this end.
Requires the Secretary to: (1) review international agreements with Canada to determine whether amendments or additions to such agreements are necessary to resolve questions of recovery of damages in the event of an oil spill in the Great Lakes and to ensure the adequacy of measures to prevent and remediate such a spill; and (2) report to the Congress on the results of such review.
Title II: United States Information Agency - Authorizes appropriations for: (1) FY 1990 for USIA; (2) U.S. participation in the World's Fair in Seville, Spain; and (3) FY 1990 to carry out the Center for Cultural and Technical Interchange Between East and West Act of 1960.
Authorizes additional appropriations for: (1) Voice of America (VOA); (2) radio construction; (3) the Bureau of Educational and Cultural Affairs; and (4) the National Endowment for Democracy. Earmarks specified amounts of such funds for: (1) VOA Cuba Service; (2) the Fulbright Academic Program; (3) the International Visitors Program; (4) the Hubert H. Humphrey Fellowship Program; (5) Congress-Bundestag Exchanges; (6) the Samantha Smith Programs; (7) the Arts America Program; (8) the Office of Citizen Exchanges; (9) the Edward Zorinsky Memorial Library in Jakarta, Indonesia; and (10) research exchanges with the Soviet Union and Eastern Europe.
Amends the Omnibus Diplomatic Security and Antiterrorism Act of 1986 to modify the preference for U.S. contractors with respect to certain bids for diplomatic construction involving physical or technical security.
Amends the United States Information and Educational Exchange Act of 1948 to require the USIA Director to make available to the Archivist of the United States for domestic distribution 12 years after the initial dissemination motion pictures, films, and other materials prepared for dissemination abroad.
Authorizes the USIA Director to acquire time on commercial or U.S. Government satellites to transmit USIA materials and programs to posts and other users abroad. Outlines the programs authorized to be transmitted. Requires the Director to give preferences to programs produced by American commercial and public television where such programs are available at a reasonable cost. Authorizes the transmission of public and commercial programs only if such programs: (1) are comprised of news, public affairs, artistic, cultural, or scientific programming; and (2) have been or are being broadcast in the United States. Earmarks specified amounts of funds made available to USIA under this Act for the purchase or use of programs produced with grants from the Corporation for Public Broadcasting or produced by U.S. public television networks. Requires satellite time not utilized by USIA to be made available to other Government agencies without cost. Authorizes time not utilized by the Government to be sold to commercial users. Waives certain restrictions concerning television broadcasting under the Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 1988 and 1989 for FY 1990.
Requires USIA to promote, and provide assistance to facilitate, access in foreign countries to the news and public affairs programming of U.S. commercial and public television networks.
Prohibits VOA from selecting candidates who must be or are preapproved for employment by a foreign government or entity. Makes such prohibition inapplicable to participants in VOA's exchange programs or clerical, technical, or maintenance staff at VOA offices in foreign countries. Requires the USIA Director, in the event that such prohibition would require the discontinuation of a specific VOA foreign language service, to report to the Senate Committee on Foreign Relations and the House Committee on Foreign Affairs on: (1) the number and location of speakers of that foreign language who could be recruited without violating the prohibition; and (2) the efforts made by VOA to recruit such persons for employment.
Revises provisions regarding the United States Advisory Commission on Public Diplomacy.
Authorizes the credit of payments for USIA-produced publications and USIA English-teaching and library programs to the applicable appropriation.
Amends the Mutual Educational and Cultural Exchange Act of 1961 to redesignate the Board of Foreign Scholarships as the J. William Fulbright Scholarship Board. Requires the Board to ensure that academic and artistic freedoms of grant recipients are protected.
Establishes within the Bureau of Educational and Cultural Affairs an Office of Citizen Exchanges to support private nonprofit organizations engaged in such exchanges between the United States and other countries.
Authorizes the President to negotiate and implement an agreement with the Soviet Union under which repayments by the Soviet Union on lend-lease debts to the United States would be used to finance educational, artistic, and cultural exchanges between the United States and the Soviet Union.
Requires at least: (1) 30 Hubert H. Humphrey scholarships to be made available to Tibetan students and professionals outside Tibet; and (2) 15 scholarships to be made available to Burmese students and professionals outside Burma.
Directs USIA to establish and maintain through VOA a system of international public service announcements focusing on child survival techniques.
Requires the USIA Director to: (1) establish VOA broadcasts to Tibet to occur at least two hours daily; and (2) report to the Congress on such programming.
Directs the Director to maintain and submit to the Congress an Afghanistan country plan.
Requires the Director to make available to the Archivist of the United States a master copy of the film entitled "Long Journey Home." Directs the Archivist to reimburse the Director for any expenses incurred in making such film available and to make such film available for purchase and public viewing in the United States.
Authorizes the Director to enter into a contract for the construction of Thailand's VOA facilities for a period not to exceed five years or delegate such authority to the Department of the Army Corps of Engineers, provided that there are sufficient funds to cover the Government's liability for payments for the first fiscal year plus the amount of cancellation costs.
Requires VOA, during FY 1990, to broadcast its programs at least 12 hours each day into China.
Title III: Board for International Broadcasting - Amends the Board of International Broadcasting Act of 1973 to authorize appropriations to the Board for International Broadcasting for FY 1990.
Authorizes appropriations to the Board for FY 1990 for radio transmitter construction and modernization and construction of a relay station in Israel.
Amends the State Department Basic Authorities Act of 1956 to extend the authority of the Secretary to procure legal services to the chairman of the Board for International Broadcasting.
Title IV: International Organizations - Authorizes the President to continue U.S. membership in the International Sugar Organization. Allows U.S. contributions to such organization to be paid from funds appropriated for contributions to international organizations, beginning in FY 1991.
Urges the President to protect the independence of the international civil service at the United Nations. Expresses the sense of the Congress that the President should ensure that the United Nations continues to pay sufficient attention to the United States and other major financial contributors in decision-making procedures on budgetary matters. Directs the President to withhold up to 20 percent of funds for the U.S. assessed contribution to the United Nations or its agencies until the President determines that the United Nations or any such agency: (1) has continued implementing decision-making procedures in such a manner; (2) is making progress toward the elimination of secondment in the United Nations Secretariat; or (3) is implementing the 15 percent reduction in staff of the Secretariat and such reduction is being equitably applied among the nationals on such staff. Requires the President to notify the Congress when making such determinations.
Directs the Secretary to report annually to the Speaker of the House and the President of the Senate on the voting practices of governments represented at the United Nations and the responsiveness of such governments to U.S. policy. Outlines the requirements of such report. Repeals provisions of specified Acts concerning such voting practices.
Expresses the sense of the Congress that the Secretary should monitor closely the changes achieved in UNESCO and should work with U.S. allies and UNESCO leadership to promote U.S. reentry in UNESCO as soon as possible.
Prohibits any funds authorized to be appropriated under this or any other Act from being available to the United Nations or any specialized agency which accords the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO) the same standing as member states.
Title V: Refugee and Other Provisions - Amends the Migration and Refugee Assistance Act of 1962 to make technical amendments to a provision regarding audits of funds received by the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees.
Expresses the sense of the Congress with respect to: (1) commendations to Malawi and Pakistan for their treatment of Afghan and Mozambican refugees; (2) commitments to facilitating the departure of Jews and other religious minorities from the Soviet Union; (3) the protection and asylum of Southeast Asian refugees and a review of the orderly departure program from Vietnam; (4) the forcible repatriation of Mozambicans by the Government of South Africa and the Secretary's required report on Mozambicans seeking to enter South Africa; and (5) actions by the Government of Ethiopia to improve the situation of Sudanese and Somalian refugees and the Secretary's required report on such actions.
Repeals a provision of the Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 1988 and 1989 concerning the effective date for a prohibition on the exclusion or deportation of certain aliens.
Directs the Attorney General to: (1) report to the Senate Committees on Foreign Relations and the Judiciary on U.S. immigration policy toward Burmese pro-democracy protesters who have fled from the Burmese Government and are now located in border camps or inside Thailand; and (2) recommend any legislative changes to meet the asylum, refugee, parole, or visa status of such persons.
Title VI: Global Environment Protection Act - Global Environmental Protection Assistance Act of 1989 - Part A: Commercial Debt-for-Nature Exchanges - Amends the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 to authorize the AID Administrator to furnish grants to nongovernmental organizations for the purchase of a foreign government's discounted commercial debt which will be canceled or redeemed as part of a debt-for-nature exchange. Directs the Administrator to identify areas which are in particular need of immediate attention to prevent the loss of unique biological life or a valuable ecosystem. Requires the Administrator, in order for a country to be eligible for a debt-for-nature exchange, to determine that the country has a long-term plan and an agency to oversee the long-term viability of a nature program. Prohibits the U.S. Government from accepting title or interest in any land in a foreign country as a condition of the debt exchange.
Requires the Administrator to invite the government of each Subsaharan African country to submit a list of: (1) areas of severely degraded natural resources which threaten human survival and well-being and the opportunity for future economic growth; or (2) areas of biological and ecological importance in such country. Directs the Administrator to reach agreement with a host country for the restoration and sustainable use of such areas. Authorizes the Administrator to make grants to nongovernmental organizations for the purchase of such countries' discounted commercial debt in exchange for such countries' commitments to restore natural resources and develop plans for sustainable use of such resources.
Part B: Multilateral Foreign Assistance Cooperation - Declares that the Secretary, acting through the Development Assistance committee of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development, should initiate negotiations among member countries on a coordinated approach to global warming, tropical deforestation, sustainable development, and biological diversity through bilateral assistance programs.
Part C: International Debt Exchanges and the Environment - Expresses the sense of the Congress that the President, acting through the Secretary, should include support for sustainable development and conservation projects when negotiating exchanges or reductions of commercial debt of foreign countries. Directs the Secretary of the Treasury to: (1) report to the Senate Committee on Foreign Relations and the Speaker of the House on the methods to be used to incorporate environmental considerations into debt restructuring plans; and (2) include in the annual Multilateral Development Bank environmental report an analysis of the support provided to conservation and development projects as a part of major debt restructuring agreements.
Requires the Secretary to direct the U.S. executive directors of the multilateral development banks to: (1) negotiate for the creation in each bank of a department responsible for environmental protection and resource conservation policies; (2) support and provide funds for debt reduction; (3) encourage loans which facilitate debt-for-nature exchanges; and (4) support sustainable use policies.
Directs the Secretary to: (1) conduct an assessment of which institution can best serve as an international clearinghouse to promote debt-for-nature exchanges; (2) report the findings of such assessment and a timetable for establishing such clearinghouse; and (3) instruct the U.S. executive directors of such banks to seek to implement such findings.
Requires the U.S. executive directors of such institutions to negotiate with the other directors to provide guidelines for restoration, protection, or sustainable use policies.
Part D: Wildlife and Nature Protection - Authorizes the President to maintain U.S. membership in the International Tropical Timber Organization and the International Union for the Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources.
Authorizes appropriations for FY 1990 for U.S. contributions to and participation in: (1) the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora; (2) the International Tropical Timber Organization; (3) the World Heritage Convention; and (4) the International Union for the Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources.
Part E: Global Warming - Directs the Secretary of State to report to the Congress on the feasibility of establishing a global warming prevention information network to disseminate information to foreign governments and citizens.
Part F: International Environmental Education - Expresses the sense of the Congress that: (1) the United States should promote and support assistance to nongovernmental independent libraries in regions with ecological crises and limited access to literature related to such crises and contributions of corporate book inventories and other items related to environmental protection to charitable organizations assisting in such regions; and (2) the Internal Revenue Service should interpret the Internal Revenue Code to include within the term "needy" libraries in regions of environmental crisis that lack the capacity to acquire basic environmental science literature.
Part G: Miscellaneous Provisions - Requires the Secretary to report to the Congress on the political, economic, commercial, and security implications of technology transfers to foreign countries for the purpose of improving energy efficiency and reducing carbon dioxide emissions into the atmosphere.
Expresses the sense of the Senate that the President should persuade other world leaders to join in an International Energy Conference or use the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change to bring the nations of the world together to focus attention on international energy problems, including ways to assist less-developed nations in developing energy through efficient and clean technologies that will mitigate alterations to the atmosphere that cause global warming.
Requires the President to submit a coordinated national global climate change policy to the Congress by February 1, 1990.
Title VII: Television Broadcasting to Cuba Act - Television Broadcasting to Cuba Act - Directs USIA to provide television broadcasting to Cuba. Requires the USIA Director to establish a Television Marti Service to be responsible for such broadcasts. Designates such broadcasts as the USIA Television Marti Program.
Requires the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) to allocate a spectrum for such broadcasts, except that no such allocation shall result in objectionable interference with domestic broadcasts. Prohibits such broadcasts if the FCC determines that such broadcasts are causing interference with domestic broadcasts. Requires the FCC to assist domestic licensees in overcoming the adverse effects of interference caused by the Service. Prohibits Federal agencies from compelling domestic licensees to change frequencies in order to eliminate interference caused by Service broadcasting. Requires the FCC to monitor and periodically report to appropriate congressional committees on interference from Cuban radio and television stations and from television broadcasting to Cuba.
Authorizes assistance to USIA from other Federal agencies to carry out this Act.
Authorizes appropriations. Prohibits such funds from being expended unless the President notifies the Speaker of the House and the chairman of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee that such broadcasting is feasible pursuant to a test under the Departments of Commerce, Justice, and State, the Judiciary, and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 1989 and will not cause objectionable interference. Requires the President to report the findings of such test to the Congress.
Amends the Radio Broadcasting to Cuba Act to redesignate the Advisory Board for Radio Broadcasting to Cuba as the Advisory Board for Cuba Broadcasting. Revises administrative provisions regarding the Board.
Title VIII: PLO Commitments Compliance Act of 1989 - PLO Commitments Compliance Act of 1989 - Reiterates the U.S. policy that any dialogue with the PLO shall be contingent upon the PLO's recognition of Israel's right to exist, its acceptance of United Nations Security Council Resolutions 242 and 338, and its abstention from, and renunciation of, all acts of terrorism.
Expresses the sense of the Congress that the United States, in any discussions with the PLO, should seek: (1) the prevention of terrorism and other violent activity by the PLO or its factions; and (2) the implementation of concrete steps by the PLO consistent with its commitments to recognize Israel and renounce terrorism.
Requires the U.S. representative, during the next round of talks with the PLO, to obtain from the PLO representative a full accounting of specified attempted incursions into Israel which occurred after Yasser Arafat's statement of December 14, 1988. Directs the Secretary to report to the Senate any such accounting.
Requires the President, as long as the dialogue between the United States and the PLO continues, to report every 120 days to the Speaker of the House of Representatives and the chairman of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee on the PLO's progress in achieving concrete actions to further the peace process.
Directs the Secretary to report to the Congress on policies of Arab states toward the Middle East peace process, including: (1) public recognition of Israel's right to exist in peace and security; (2) ending the Arab economic boycott of Israel; and (3) ending efforts to expel Israel from international organizations or denying participation in such organizations.
Title IX: People's Republic of China - Condemns the Government of China for carrying out arrests and executions of those who participated in the prodemocracy movement. Commends the President for taking measures against China and urges additional measures to be taken to discourage arrests and executions.
Expresses the sense of the Senate that: (1) the Export-Import Bank should postpone approval for financing of U.S. exports to China; (2) U.S. executive directors of international financial institutions should oppose the extension of financial assistance to China; (3) the President should review the advisability of continuing to extend most-favored nation trade treatment to Chinese products, all bilateral trade agreements between the United States and China, bilateral commercial agreements concerning satellite launches, and the Chinese-American Agreement for Cooperation on the Peaceful Uses of Atomic Energy signed in July 1985; and (4) the President should consult with U.S. allies at the upcoming Economic Summit, Members of the Coordinating Committee on Exports to Communist Countries, and the other signatories of the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade to review China's status with regard to such organizations.
Expresses the sense of the Congress that: (1) the President should ask the United Nations Commission on Human Rights to investigate the condition of human democratic rights in China and Tibet; (2) the President should convey to China that the lifting of martial law, the release of political prisoners, and the opening of Tibet to foreigners is a critical factor in the improvement of U.S.-Chinese relations; (3) the President and the Secretary should convey to China the importance of living up to its international undertaking with respect to the 1984 Joint Declaration for the future prosperity and stability of Hong Kong; and (4) the Secretary should advise the United Kingdom of continuing concern about the absence of guarantees of free direct elections and human rights in the Joint Declaration.
Suspends to China OPIC financial support, assistance from the Trade and Development Agency, munitions and crime control equipment exports, and exports of U.S. satellites intended for launch by a Chinese launch vehicle unless the President reports to the Congress that: (1) China has made progress on a program of political reform; or (2) it is in U.S. national security interests to terminate such a suspension. Suspends licenses for export to China of goods or technology which could be used for nuclear explosive purposes until the President: (1) has certified to the Congress that China is not assisting and will not assist any non-nuclear nation in acquiring nuclear explosive devices or materials; and (2) the President makes a certain required report.
Requires the President to negotiate with governments participating in the Coordinating Committee to suspend any liberalization of controls on exports of goods and technology to China under the Export Administration Act of 1979. Directs the President to oppose any liberalization by the Committee until six months after this Act's enactment or until the President reports that such suspension should be terminated.
Exempts from the suspension on the issuance of munitions export licenses any systems and components designed specifically for civil products and controlled as defense articles only for purposes of export to a controlled country, unless the President determines that the recipient of such items is the Chinese military or security forces.
Expresses the sense of the Senate that the President should inform the Congress of the results of his review of the U.S. relationship with China, his consultations with U.S. major allies regarding their relations with China, and his actions with regard to human rights in China and the status of Hong Kong.
Title X: Miscellaneous Provisions - Amends the Foreign Assistance Act of 1969 to authorize appropriations for FY 1990 for the Inter-American Foundation.
Amends the Arms Export Control Act to credit certain munitions control registration fees to a Department of State account for FY 1990.
Sets forth procedures for issuances of commercial arms export licenses under the Arms Export Control Act. Requires the office primarily responsible for export licensing functions, as part of such procedures, to report semiannually to the Senate Committee on Foreign Relations and the House Committee on Foreign Affairs on the percentage of cases handled that have fallen within required processing time frames.
Prohibits the sale or transfer of any defense article on the U.S. Munitions List to China if such equipment is used by China to enforce martial law or suppress demonstrations in Tibet or to violate Tibetan human rights. Requires the President, before the issuance of any export license to China of an item on the List, to certify to the Speaker of the House and the chairman of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee that no defense article has been or is being used for such purposes. Terminates this section on October 1, 1993.
Directs the Assistant Secretary for International Narcotics Matters, for each country in which the Department of State uses, or approves for use, a herbicide for the aerial eradication of coca or opium, to report to the Congress on: (1) the expected impact of eradication on the price and availability of cocaine and heroin in the United States; (2) the extent to which such eradication could encourage coca or opium growers to align themselves with insurgent groups against legitimate governments; (3) the total dollar amount of assistance from the United States, international organizations, and local governments to help coca and opium growers in eradication zones shift to production of licit crops; and (4) what countermeasures may be taken by such growers and illicit drug cartels in response to eradication. Prohibits the use or deployment of equipment or aircraft made available to foreign countries for narcotics control under such Act in locations where U.S. Government representatives are not permitted free access by a foreign government.
Directs the Secretary and the U.S. Trade Representative to report to the Congress on: (1) the feasibility and effect of a meeting among Canada, Mexico, and the United States to discuss greater economic integration and cooperation; (2) the factors related to an economically integrated and cooperative border region between Mexico and the United States; and (3) the adequacy of Federal agencies' resources to handle the increased work load resulting from such integration.
Requires members of the President's Foreign Intelligence Advisory Board to file biannual financial disclosure reports with the Office of Government Ethics.
Declares that it is in the interest of the United States to pursue the establishment of a Pacific Basin Forum for the discussion of economic, diplomatic, and other issues unique to the region. Urges the President to call for an annual summit meeting with the leaders of key Pacific Rim nations.
Expresses the sense of the Congress that: (1) the leadership of China should take all necessary steps to establish a just and democratic society, with a free and open political system that will protect the essential human rights of China's people; and (2) the Secretary should communicate to the Chinese leadership that official violence directed at those who peacefully demonstrate for democracy, liberty, and justice will seriously damage relations with the United States.
Urges the United States to recognize the bicentennial of Benjamin Franklin's death and calls on Federal agencies to recognize the preservation goals of the Friends of Benjamin Franklin House and the American Franklin Friends Committee.
Directs the Secretary to report to the Congress on the feasibility of negotiating an international agreement to establish an international agricultural conservation reserve to protect fragile agricultural soils.
Expresses the sense of the Senate that a certain agreement with Japan should be interpreted to ensure that, for the 1990 fishing season: (1) electronic position-indicating and vessel-identification devices will be operating aboard all Japanese vessels which fish with driftnets in the North Pacific Ocean outside the exclusive economic zone or territorial sea of any nation; and (2) a sufficient number of observers will be aboard such vessels to ensure the collection of statistically reliable data on the number of U.S. marine resources killed by such vessels.
Expresses the sense of the Congress that the United States should initiate the establishment of a COCOM-type organization of supplier nations to coordinate policies to control the export of chemicals, biological agents, technology, equipment, and any other materiel that can be used for manufacturing of chemical and biological weapons.
Requests the Secretary to report to the Senate by September 30, 1989, on: (1) why the U.S. Cargoscan monitoring system for the Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces Treaty was not installed at the Votkinsk Portal Monitoring Facility in the Soviet Union by December 1, 1988, as provided for in the Treaty; and (2) when such system will be operational.
Expresses the sense of the Congress that the President should request NATO allies to consider the concept of a direct military to military communications link between NATO and the Warsaw Pact. Directs the President to report to the Congress on the feasibility and costs of establishing such link.
Condemns the brutal treatment of, and blatant discrimination against, the Turkish minority by the Government of Bulgaria.
Calls upon the Bulgarian authorities to cease all such discriminatory practices, release all those imprisoned because of their participation in nonviolent political acts, and honor obligations concerning the right of all Bulgarians to emigrate.
Urges the President and Secretary of State to make strong diplomatic representations to Bulgaria protesting its treatment of its Turkish minority and to raise this issue in all appropriate international Fora.
Authorizes appropriations to Turkey for assistance to ethnic Turkish refugees fleeing Bulgaria and resettling in Turkey.
Expresses concern regarding human rights abuses, violence, and ethnic unrest in Kosovo. Urges the Government of Yugoslavia to: (1) assure that further violence does not occur in Kosovo; and (2) observe its obligations under the Helsinki Final Act and the United Nations Declaration on Human Rights to assure full protection of the rights of all citizens of Kosovo. Requests the President and the State Department to continue to monitor closely the human rights situation in Kosovo.
Expresses the sense of the Congress that: (1) the future of Taiwan should be settled peacefully, free from coercion, and in a manner acceptable to the people of Taiwan; and (2) good relations between the United States and China depend upon the Chinese authorities' willingness to refrain from the use or threat of force in resolving Taiwan's future.
Amends the State Department Basic Authorities Act to increase the amount of rewards for furnishing information on international terrorism.
Repeals a provision of a specified Act concerning drug-related evictions in jurisdictions having a Public Housing Authority.
Declares that certain authorities under the Arms Export Control Act may not be used to prohibit a museum or educational institution from importing defense articles from Hungary or Poland if such article: (1) was manufactured at least 25 years before its importation into the United States; (2) was imported into the United States before June 30, 1989; (3) has been disabled; and (4) is used only for display to the public for educational purposes.
Expresses the sense of the Senate that the United States should: (1) continue to support and encourage the reconstruction effort in Armenia; (2) encourage Soviet President Gorbachev to continue a dialogue with the Armenian representatives to the Soviet Congress of People's Deputies, and to engage in meaningful discussions with elected representatives of the people of Nagorno-Karabagh regarding their demands of reunification with the Armenian homeland; (3) promote in its bilateral discussions with the Soviet Union an equitable settlement to the dispute over Nagorno-Karabagh; and (4) urge in such discussions that investigations of violence against Armenians be conducted at the highest level, and that those responsible for the bloodshed be identified and prosecuted.
Expresses support for the people of Burma and for an end to martial law in Burma. Calls upon the President, the Vice President, the Secretary of State, the U.S. ambassador to Burma, and the U.S. representative to the United Nations to: (1) publicly condemn the killings, torture, and arrests that continue in Burma; (2) encourage the restoration of democracy and free and fair elections by May 1990; (3) continue and urge other nations to withhold all assistance to Burma until the holding of such elections and the restoration of democracy; (4) seek a mediated end to the civil war in Burma; and (5) provide humanitarian resettlement assistance to Burmese refugees now in Thailand and India.
Requires the President to submit to the Senate Committee on Foreign Relations and the House Committee on Foreign Affairs a report which: (1) analyzes clean coal technologies export programs within U.S. Government agencies; and (2) addresses the effectiveness of interagency coordination of export promotion and the feasibility of establishing an interagency commission for promoting the export and use of clean coal technologies.
Expresses the sense of the Senate that: (1) the proposal concerning the establishment of an Association of Democratic Nations offered by Prime Minister Bhutto of Pakistan is in the interest of the United States; and (2) the President should consider implementing such proposal and should report to the Congress on the merits and estimated costs of establishing such Association.
Requires the U.S. Foreign and Commercial Service to assign to the U.S. Mission to the European Community in Brussels at least three commercial officers and other support staff as necessary.
Expresses the sense of the Congress concerning: (1) the continued rule of Fidel Castro; (2) the role of human rights groups, political prisoners, and international observers in the Cuban plebiscite; and (3) the restoration of a democratic Cuban Government.
Expresses the sense of the Congress that: (1) President Salinas should be supported in his willingness to end narcotics-related corruption in the Mexican Government; (2) Mexico should conclude prosecutions for the murder and torture of certain Drug Enforcement Administration agents and make progress in the prosecution of Felix-Gallardo; (3) Mexico should demonstrate its commitment to cooperating fully in anti-narcotics activities by entering into negotiations with the United States on over-flight and hot pursuit operations, participation of U.S. law enforcement agencies in narcotics interdiction operations, and U.S. requests for access to bank records and requests for verification of eradication statistics; and (4) the Mexican people should be supported in efforts to rid their country of illicit narcotics, bribery and corruption, and electoral fraud.
Requires the President to ensure that: (1) offset provisions are not included in memoranda of understanding (MOU) governing the proposed co-production by the United States and Korea of the "Korean Fighter Program;" and (2) any agreement should preclude the transfer to Korea's commercial aerospace industry of U.S. technology and applied technology derived from such Program.
Expresses the sense of the Senate that the President should instruct the Secretary of Defense to postpone the signing of such MOU until: (1) a thorough review of such Program is conducted by the Comptroller General; and (2) a specified report is submitted to the Committees on Foreign Relations and Armed Services.
Expresses the sense of the Congress that: (1) the United States should prohibit the importation of Romanian meat, meat products, and wine until the Romanian Government ceases to withhold food from the Romanian people and improves its human rights record; and (2) the United States should protest Romania's human rights abuses, particularly its abuses of the Hungarian minority, at all international conferences and fora.
Directs the Secretary to study additional diplomatic and trade sanctions that could be imposed on Romania and to report to specified congressional committees on the advisability of taking certain actions.
Expresses the sense of the Congress that: (1) China should immediately release all political prisoners, including Yang Wei; and (2) the Chinese leadership should take all necessary steps toward establishing a democratic society that will protect human rights.
Requires the USIA Director to report to the chairman of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee and the Speaker of the House on all programming materials acquired by USIA in FY 1988 and 1989 from public television and radio entities and to include a projection of the use of such material through FY 1992.
Prohibits the U.S. embassy in Japan from denying student visas to Chinese nationals based solely on the recent political events in China if a student: (1) can meet all other requirements of a student visa; and (2) initiated an education plan prior to June 4, 1989, which included study in the United States.
Amends the Panama Canal Act of 1979 to prohibit the appointment of the Administrator of the Panama Canal Commission until the President certifies to the Congress that the ruling Panamanian Government is democratically elected pursuant to procedures specified in the Constitution of Panama providing for a civilian government in control of all military and paramilitary forces.
Expresses the sense of the Senate with respect to support for: (1) the Arab League's efforts to restore peace and security to Lebanon; and (2) goals of restoring Lebanon's unity, sovereignty, and territorial integrity through internal reconciliation and the withdrawal of foreign forces.
Expresses the sense of the Congress that the Chinese Government should immediately: (1) lift martial law in Tibet and release all political prisoners; and (2) enter into negotiations with representatives of the Dalai Lama on a settlement of the Tibetan question.
Designates a certain park located in front of the Chinese embassy in Washington, D.C., as Tiananmen Square Park.
Expresses the sense of the Congress that: (1) the National Park Service should support public initiatives to raise private funds to place a replica of the Chinese students' Statue of Democracy in such park; and (2) such memorial should be dedicated to Chinese workers and students who lost their lives in the struggle for democracy.
Requires all adjudicators of asylum or refugee status to give fullest consideration to applications from Chines nationals who fear persecution upon return to China because they refuse to abort a pregnancy or resist surgical sterilization in violation of the Chinese Communist Party directives on population. Requires such refusals to be viewed as acts of political defiance sufficient to establish refugee status. Limits the amount of persons receiving political asylum status because of such persecution to 1,000.
Amends the International Security and Development Cooperation Act of 1985 to prohibit the use of funds for negotiations with any PLO representative determined to have participated in the planning or execution of terrorist activity resulting in the death or kidnapping of any American citizen.
Requires the Secretary to: (1) initiate negotiations for the development of agreements with other nations for the protection and conservation of certain endangered species of sea turtles and for the protection of ocean and land regions of special significance to the health and stability of such turtles; (2) initiate the amendment of existing treaties for the protection and conservation of such turtles; (3) provide to the Congress a list of nations which conduct commercial fishing operations within the range of such turtles; and (4) report to the Congress on the implementation of such actions.
Calls on: (1) the Soviet Union and its allies to withhold military assistance to Nicaragua and the Farabundo Marti Liberation Front (FMLN) and to withdraw from Nicaragua their military advisors; and (2) Nicaragua to work toward a stabilization of the military balance and to begin a reduction of its military forces.
Directs the Attorney General to establish standard profiles of refugee applicants which would identify applicants with a strong likelihood of qualifying for admission as refugees due to well established histories of persecution. Includes within such categories Soviet Jews or evangelical Christians, Ukrainian Catholics or Orthodox, holders of letters of introduction in the Orderly Departure Program in Vietnam who do not immediately qualify for immigrant visas, and other groups of refugee applicants, as appropriate. Permits aliens who were denied refugee status between August 15, 1988, and the date of enactment of this Act, to reapply for such status.
Requires the Attorney General to adjust to lawful permanent resident status Soviet or Vietnamese nationals who entered the United States between September 1, 1988, and September 1, 1990, and were denied refugee status. Makes such persons ineligible for the adjustment unless they: (1) have been physically present in the United States for at least one year; (2) apply for adjustment within one year after the date they become eligible for such adjustment; and (3) pay a processing fee for their application.
Directs the Attorney General to: (1) initiate an investigation into allegations of an alien smuggling ring operated by the Cuban Government by which Cuban nationals are smuggled into the United States; and (2) report findings to the Congress.
Requires the Director of National Drug Abuse Policy to report to the Congress on past and current involvement of the Cuban Government in drug trafficking.
Calls on the Secretary General of the United Nations to: (1) act upon a certain resolution concerning human rights in Cuba; and (2) urge the Government of Cuba to release 22 persons held in detention because of human rights activities.
Authorizes and requests the President to designate December 21, 1989, as "Terrorist Victims Commemoration Day" and to urge State governors, local officials, and U.S. persons to mark such day with appropriately solemn ceremonies and activities.
Expresses the sense of the Congress that the President and the Secretary should call for international negotiations on the establishment of an international strike force to apprehend major international drug traffickers and terrorists.
Expresses the sense of the Congress that: (1) Prime Minister Manley of Jamaica is to be commended for his proposal for an international anti-narcotics force and for his commitment to the war on drugs; and (2) the United States should work through multilateral organizations to determine the feasibility of establishing such force and assist in its establishment.
Permits the reallocation of funds appropriated for any United Nations program for the establishment of an international narcotics control strike force, if specified congressional committees are notified in advance.
Commends Israel's decision to open West Bank schools in July 1989. Expresses the hope that such schools will remain open, will not be closed for political purposes, and will be respected and regarded as centers of education.
Requires the Senate Committee on Foreign Relations to report to the Senate on the appropriate relationship between the legislative and executive branches with respect to the formulation of U.S. foreign policy.
Authorizes the President to make available to non-Communist resistance forces and civilians in Cambodia funds made available for FY 1990 foreign military financing and economic support assistance. Prohibits the use of such funds to aid the Khmer Rouge in conducting military or paramilitary operations in Cambodia or Indochina.
Treats Hong Kong as a separate foreign state for purposes of the Immigration and Nationality Act, beginning in FY 1990. Limits the number of immigrant visas made available to Hong Kong natives in any fiscal year to 10,000.
Expresses the sense of the Congress that the President should: (1) take immediate steps to achieve a consensus among South Africa's major trading partners on effective measures to bring an end to apartheid; (2) implement all provisions of the Comprehensive Anti-Apartheid Act of 1986; (3) take steps to bring about concerted multilateral pressure to dismantle apartheid; (4) instruct the U.S. representative to the United Nations to offer a resolution in the Security Council that would impose sanctions against South Africa (similar to those embodied in the Anti-Apartheid Act); (5) strengthen the impact of such Act through diplomatic and political pressure; (6) direct specified executive agencies to monitor trade relations between South Africa and U.S. allies; and (7) take action against those countries benefiting from or taking advantage of U.S. sanctions against South Africa.
Expresses the sense of the Congress with respect to the Tripartite Agreement, peace and stability in southern Africa, and an end to apartheid.
Prohibits the expenditure of funds authorized to be appropriated in this Act for assistance with respect to the Tripartite Agreement among Angola, Cuba, and South Africa until the President certifies to the Congress that the United States has received assurances from each of the parties to the Bilateral Agreement between Angola and Cuba and the United Nations Secretary General that all Cuban troops will be withdrawn from Angola by July 1, 1991. Prohibits the expenditure of such funds if: (1) the Government of Cuba fails to comply with its obligations under the Bilateral Agreement relating to the redeployment and withdrawal of Cuban troops; or (2) any Cuban troops remain in Angola after such date. Requires the President, no more than 15 days after each scheduled phase of the redeployment and withdrawal of Cuban troops, to report to the House Committee on Foreign Affairs and the Senate Committee on Foreign Relations on whether the signatories of the Tripartite Agreement are complying with such Agreement.
Provides that funds appropriated for the implementation of the Tripartite Agreement shall be available only if the President certifies that: (1) parties to such Agreement are in compliance with such Agreement and Cuba has complied with redeployment and withdrawal provisions of the Bilateral Agreement; (2) Cuba has not engaged in any offensive military actions against the Union for the Total Independence of Angola; (3) the United Nations has terminated all funding for the South West Africa People's Organization; and (4) the United Nations Angola Verification Mission is demonstrating diligence and professionalism in verifying the departure of Cuban troops and the recording of troop rotations.
Expresses the sense of the Senate that the United States should recognize Guillermo Endara as the legitimate President of Panama and should work for the immediate expulsion of Manuel Noriega from Panama.
Expresses the sense of the Senate that the State Department should submit to the Senate for advice and consent all agreements with the Soviet Union which relate to U.S. boundaries.
Declares that a certain United Nations resolution makes the United Nations an inappropriate forum for the sponsorship of any international conference on the Arab-Israeli conflict.
Expresses the sense of the Senate that the President should seek to negotiate an international protocol, at the earliest possible date, to require all nations producing plastic explosives to implant taggants in such explosives to facilitate detection for anti-terrorist purposes.
Expresses support for the aspirations of the Soviet Georgian nation for freedom, democracy, and cultural and human rights.
Authorizes appropriations for the Commission on the Ukraine Famine.
Prohibits certain transactions between U.S. and Cuban firms.
Expresses the sense of the Senate that the Office of the U.S. Trade Representative shall have a representative in the American embassy in Tokyo.