Text: S.2884 — 101st Congress (1989-1990)All Information (Except Text)

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101st CONGRESS
2d Session
S. 2884
AN ACT
To authorize appropriations for fiscal year 1991 for military activities
of the Department of Defense, for military construction, and for defense
activities of the Department of Energy, to prescribe personnel strengths
for such fiscal year for the Armed Forces, and for other purposes.
August 4, 1990
Ordered to be printed as passed
S 2884 PP
Printed as Passed
101st CONGRESS
2d Session
S. 2884
IN THE SENATE OF THE UNITED STATES
August 4, 1990
Ordered to be printed as passed
AN ACT
To authorize appropriations for fiscal year 1991 for military activities
of the Department of Defense, for military construction, and for defense
activities of the Department of Energy, to prescribe personnel strengths
for such fiscal year for the Armed Forces, and for other purposes.
  Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United
  States of America in Congress assembled,
SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE
  This Act may be cited as the `National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal
  Year 1991'.
SEC. 2. ORGANIZATION OF ACT INTO DIVISIONS
  This Act is organized into three divisions as follows:
  (1) Division A--Department of Defense Authorizations.
  (2) Division B--Military Construction Authorizations.
  (3) Division C--Department of Energy National Security Authorizations and
  Other Authorizations.
  (4) Division D--Natural Energy Security.
SEC. 3. CONGRESSIONAL DEFENSE COMMITTEES DEFINED
  For purposes of this Act, the term `congressional defense committees' means
  the Committees on Armed Services and the Committees on Appropriations of
  the Senate and House of Representatives.
DIVISION A--DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE AUTHORIZATIONS
TITLE I--PROCUREMENT
Part A--Funding Authorizations
SEC. 101. ARMY
  Funds are hereby authorized to be appropriated for fiscal year 1991 for
  procurement for the Army as follows:
  (1) For aircraft, $857,609,000.
  (2) For missiles, $1,917,962,000.
  (3) For weapons and tracked combat vehicles, $2,331,200,000.
  (4) For ammunition, $1,051,326,000.
  (5) For other procurement, $2,126,346,000.
SEC. 102. NAVY AND MARINE CORPS
  (a) NAVY- Funds are hereby authorized to be appropriated for fiscal year
  1991 for procurement for the Navy as follows:
  (1) For aircraft, $7,026,406,000.
  (2) For weapons (including missiles and torpedoes), $4,424,383,000.
  (3) For shipbuilding and conversion, $9,314,200,000.
  (4) For other procurement, $6,055,242,000.
  (b) MARINE CORPS- Funds are hereby authorized to be appropriated for fiscal
  year 1991 for procurement for the Marine Corps in the amount of $715,139,000.
SEC. 103. AIR FORCE
  Funds are hereby authorized to be appropriated for fiscal year 1991 for
  procurement for the Air Force as follows:
  (1) For aircraft, $10,293,256,000.
  (2) For missiles, $6,743,357,000.
  (3) For other procurement, $7,526,513,000.
SEC. 104. DEFENSE AGENCIES
  Funds are hereby authorized to be appropriated for fiscal year 1991 for
  procurement for the Defense Agencies in the amount of $1,913,906,000.
SEC. 105. DEFENSE INSPECTOR GENERAL
  Funds are hereby authorized to be appropriated for fiscal year 1991 for
  procurement for the Inspector General of the Department of Defense the
  amount of $981,000.
SEC. 106. RESERVE COMPONENTS
  Funds are hereby authorized to be appropriated for fiscal year 1991 for
  procurement of aircraft, vehicles, communications equipment, and other
  equipment for the reserve components of the Armed Forces as follows:
  (1) For the Army National Guard, $133,000,000.
  (2) For the Air National Guard, $130,300,000.
  (3) For the Army Reserve, $61,100,000.
  (4) For the Navy Reserve, $60,400,000.
  (5) For the Air Force Reserve, $45,600,000.
  (6) For the Marine Corps Reserve, $25,000,000.
SEC. 107. CHEMICAL DEMILITARIZATION PROGRAM
  Funds are hereby authorized to be appropriated for fiscal year 1991 for
  the destruction of lethal chemical weapons in accordance with section 1412
  of the Department of Defense Authorization Act, 1986 (Public Law 99-145;
  99 Stat. 747) in the amount of $365,700,000.
SEC. 108. CHANGES IN PRIOR MILESTONE AUTHORIZATIONS
  (a) PROCUREMENT PROGRAMS- (1) Subsection (a)(2) of section 106 of the
  National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Years 1988 and 1989 (Public
  Law 100-180; 101 Stat. 1034) is amended by striking out `$68,596,000'
  in subparagraph (B) and inserting in lieu thereof `$29,257,000'.
  (2) Subsection (b)(2) of such section is amended by striking out
  `$199,858,000' in subparagraph (B) and inserting in lieu thereof
  `$187,178,000'.
  (3) Subsection (c)(2) of such section is amended by striking out
  `$1,535,225,000'  in subparagraph (B) and inserting in lieu thereof
  `$1,536,345,000'.
  (4) Subsection (d)(2) of such section is amended by striking out
  `$431,565,000' in subparagraph (B) and inserting in lieu thereof
  `$327,739,000'.
  (b) RDT&E PROGRAMS- (1) Subsection (b)(2) of section 216 of such Act is
  amended by striking out `$70,670,000' in subparagraph (B) and inserting
  in lieu thereof `$91,822,000'.
  (2) Subsection (c)(2) of such section is amended by striking out
  `$14,603,000' in subparagraph (B) and inserting in lieu thereof
  `$14,916,000'.
SEC. 109. PROCUREMENT OF M1A1 MAIN BATTLE TANKS FOR THE MARINE CORPS
  Of the funds appropriated for advanced procurement for the Marine Corps for
  fiscal year 1990, not more than $62,400,000 of any such funds that remain
  available for obligation shall be available for procurement of M1A1 main
  battle tanks.
SEC. 110. TRIDENT SUBMARINE ADVANCED PROCUREMENT
  Funds appropriated or otherwise made available to the Department of Defense
  for fiscal year 1991, or for any fiscal year before fiscal year 1991, may
  not be obligated for the procurement for any Ohio-class ballistic missile
  submarines (SSBN-726) other than the 18 ballistic missile submarines of
  that class currently authorized by law.
SEC. 111. REPORT ON SUBMARINE INDUSTRIAL BASE
  (a) IN GENERAL- Not later than December 31, 1990, the Secretary of Defense
  shall submit to the congressional defense committees a report on the need
  to maintain competition in submarine construction.
  (b) CONTENT OF STUDY- The report shall examine the need for continuing
  competition in submarine construction in terms of the following:
  (1) the effect on the submarine building industrial base, in both the
  short-term and long-term, of reducing competition in submarine construction,
  and
  (2) the likely impact that directing all submarine construction to a single
  shipyard would have on the price and quality of submarines produced.
  (c) LIMITATION- The Secretary of Defense shall ensure that no action
  is taken before May 1, 1991, which would have the effect of limiting
  construction of any class of attack submarines to a single shipyard.
SEC. 112. EXTENSION OF DEADLINE FOR NATIONAL TEST CENTER INSTRUMENTATION
  Section 166(b)(2) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal
  Years 1990 and 1991 (Public Law 101-189; 103 Stat. 1391) is amended by
  striking out `July 1, 1990' and inserting in lieu thereof `January 1, 1993'.
SEC. 113. PROCUREMENT OF THE AIRBORNE SELF PROTECTION JAMMER
  (a) PROHIBITION ON USE OF FUNDS- Funds appropriated pursuant to this Act
  may not be obligated or expended for the procurement of the Airborne Self
  Protection Jammer or of any component or spare part for the Airborne Self
  Protection Jammer.
  (b) BUDGET LINE ITEM REQUIRED- If the budget submitted to Congress pursuant
  to section 1105(a) of title 31, United States Code, for fiscal year
  1992 includes funds for the Airborne Self Protection Jammer program, the
  President shall specify in such budget the amount included for such program.
  (c) LIMITATION RELATING TO MILESTONE III DECISIONS- A decision to proceed
  with low-rate production of a second or subsequent lot of the Airborne
  Self Protection Jammer, or to proceed beyond low-rate production of the
  Airborne Self Protection Jammer, may not be made until the Director of
  Operational Test and Evaluation has certified to the Committees on Armed
  Services of the Senate and the House of Representatives that the Airborne
  Self Protection Jammer--
  (1) has undergone thorough and effective operational testing; and
  (2) has met or exceeded all operational test criteria.
Part B--B-2 Bomber Program
SEC. 121. B-2 BOMBER PROGRAM
  (a) LIMITATION ON OBLIGATIONS- Of the amounts appropriated pursuant to
  section 103 for procurement of aircraft for the Air Force--
  (1) not more than $1,989,000,000 may be obligated for procurement of B-2
  aircraft; and
  (2) not more than $767,100,000 may be obligated for advance procurement
  of B-2 aircraft.
  (b) ADDITIONAL LIMITATIONS- Funds appropriated or otherwise made available
  to the Air Force for the procurement of aircraft for fiscal year 1991 may
  not be obligated for the procurement of the two new production B-2 aircraft
  authorized by this Act until--
  (1) the conditions provided for in section 111 of the National Defense
  Authorization Act for Fiscal Years 1990 and 1991 (Public Law 101-189;
  103 Stat. 1371), limiting the obligation of fiscal year 1990 funds for
  the B-2 aircraft, have been met; and
  (2) the Secretary of Defense has submitted to the congressional defense
  committees the certification required by section 112 of such Act.
  (c) FINDINGS- Congress makes the following findings:
  (1) The United States has devoted substantial resources over the past several
  decades to the strategic bomber force, including substantial resources for--
  (A) significant upgrades to B-52 aircraft;
  (B) research, development, and procurement of B-1 aircraft; and
  (C) research, development, and procurement of air-launched cruise missiles.
  (2) The United States has currently invested a total of $26,700,000,000
  in research and development and low-rate initial production in connection
  with the B-2 bomber aircraft program.
  (3) Funds have been approved for the procurement of 15 production B-2
  aircraft through fiscal year 1990, but Congress has made no determination
  as to the total number of such aircraft that should be produced.
  (4) Congress has established, in accordance with the `fly before you buy'
  principle, a series of rigorous test and evaluation requirements, most of
  which have not yet been completed, to assess the efficiency, effectiveness,
  and cost of the B-2 aircraft.
  (5) Serious questions have been raised about the ability of the B-2 program
  to meet cost, schedule, performance, and financial integrity requirements.
  (6) Fiscal year 1991 will constitute the sixth consecutive fiscal year
  for which the amount appropriated for national defense functions of the
  Government declined (after adjusting for inflation) from the preceding
  fiscal year.
  (7) Expected limitations on future defense budgets make it essential that
  the Nation's defense priorities be carefully analyzed so as to obtain the
  most efficient and effective funding of the Armed Forces, including the
  various elements of the Nation's strategic forces.
  (d) SENSE OF CONGRESS- In light of the findings in subsection (c), it is
  the sense of Congress that--
  (1) it is not prudent or possible at this time to commit to production of
  B-2 aircraft beyond the number of aircraft authorized by this and prior Acts;
  (2) before a commitment is made to proceed with procurement of B-2
  aircraft beyond the number of aircraft authorized by this and prior Acts,
  the Secretary of Defense must resolve those issues associated with cost,
  schedule, performance and financial integrity of the program and submit
  to the congressional defense committees the certifications required by
  subsection (e)(3).
  (e) ADDITIONAL RESTRICTIONS ON OBLIGATION OF FUNDS FOR NEW B-2 AIRCRAFT- The
  funds described in subsection (b) may not be obligated for the procurement
  of the two new production B-2 aircraft authorized by this Act until each
  of the following conditions has been met:
  (1) The panel of the Defense Science Board known as the Low-Observables
  Panel conducts an independent review of the test data resulting from the
  early Block 2 flight testing and submits to the Secretary of Defense a
  report on the results of that review, together with the panel's findings
  and conclusions.
  (2) The Director of Operational Test and Evaluation submits to the Secretary
  of Defense the Director's evaluation of the results of the Block 2 flight
  testing to the date of the report of the Defense Science Board referred
  to in paragraph (1).
  (3) The Secretary of Defense certifies to the congressional defense
  committees each of the following:
  (A) The conditions described in subsection (b)(1) have been met.
  (B) The conditions in subsections (e)(1) and (e)(2) have been met.
  (C) The results of early Block 2 flight testing of the B-2 aircraft
  (including testing of low- observables and flying qualities and performance)
  are satisfactory.
  (D) No significant technical or operational problems have been identified
  during early Block 2 flight testing.
  (E) The performance milestones for the B-2 aircraft for the previous
  fiscal year for both developmental test and evaluation and operational
  test and evaluation (as contained in the latest full performance matrix
  for the B-2 aircraft program established under section 232(a) of Public
  Law 100-456 and section 121 of Public Law 100-180) have been met.
  (F) The B-2 aircraft has a high probability of being able to perform its
  intended missions.
  (G) Any proposed modification to the performance matrix referred to in
  subparagraph (E) will be provided in writing in advance to the congressional
  defense committees.
  (H) The cost reduction initiatives established for the B-2 program can
  be achieved (such certification to be submitted together with details for
  the savings to be realized).
  (I) The quality assurance practices and fiscal management controls of the
  prime contractor and major subcontractors associated with the B-2 program
  meet or exceed accepted United States Government standards.
  (4) A period of 30 calendar days expires after the date on which the
  certification required by paragraph (3) is received.
  (f) FULL PERFORMANCE MATRIX REQUIREMENTS- (1) Of the amounts made available
  for fiscal year 1991 for the procurement of two new production B-2 aircraft,
  not more than 15 percent may be expended until the Secretary of Defense
  certifies to Congress that--
  (A) the  coherent  map  mode  operation  of the B-2 aircraft is demonstrated
  successfully on the B-2 test aircraft as required in section 3(f)(2)
  of the Full Performance Matrix;
  (B) a preliminary measure of vehicle-to-vehicle signature consistency has
  been accomplished successfully in the manner required by section 4(a)(2)
  of the Full Performance Matrix; and
  (C) an initial infrared and visual signature evaluation has been completed
  successfully in the manner required by section 4(a)(2) of the Full
  Performance Matrix.
  (2) As used in this section, the term `Full Performance Matrix' means the
  `Advanced Technology Bomber B-2 Systems Maturity Matrix (SMM)' dated January
  31, 1990, transmitted to Congress by the Department of Defense on February
  28, 1990.
Part C--Program Terminations
SEC. 131. PROGRAM TERMINATIONS
  (a) 155 MILLIMETER NUCLEAR PROJECTILE PROGRAM- Funds appropriated for the
  Department of Defense or the Department of Energy for fiscal year 1991
  or for any fiscal year thereafter may not be obligated for the W-82 155
  millimeter nuclear projectile program.
  (b) AIR DEFENSE HEAVY MISSILE SYSTEM- Funds appropriated for the Department
  of Defense for fiscal year 1991 or any fiscal year thereafter may be not
  be obligated for the Air Defense Heavy Missile System.
  (c) FOLLOW-ON TO LANCE PROGRAM- Funds appropriated for the Department of
  Defense or the Department of Energy for fiscal year 1991 or any fiscal
  year thereafter may not be obligated for the Follow-on to Lance Program.
  (d) MILSTAR SATELLITE PROGRAM- Funds appropriated for the Department of
  Defense for fiscal year 1991 or any fiscal year thereafter may not be
  obligated for the Milstar Satellite Program.
  (e) STATUTORY CONSTRUCTION- A provision of law enacted after the date of
  enactment of this Act may not be construed as modifying or superseding
  any provision of this section unless that provision specifically refers to
  this section and specifically states that such provision of law modifies
  or supersedes this section.
TITLE II--RESEARCH, DEVELOPMENT, TEST, AND EVALUATION
Part A--Funding Authorizations
SEC. 201. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS
  Funds are hereby authorized to be appropriated for fiscal year 1991 for
  the use of the Armed Forces for research, development, test, and evaluation
  in amounts as follows:
  (1) For the Army, $5,696,323,000.
  (2) For the Navy, $9,194,790,000.
  (3) For the Air Force, $12,271,578,000.
  (4) For the Defense Agencies, $9,237,293,000, of which--
  (A) $277,591,000 is authorized for the activities of the Deputy Director,
  Defense Research and Engineering (Test and Evaluation); and
  (B) $17,000,000 is authorized for the Director of Operational Test and
  Evaluation.
SEC. 202. STRATEGIC RELOCATABLE TARGET ATTACK PROJECT AND EARTH PENETRATING
WEAPONS PROJECT
  Funds appropriated pursuant to section 201 for research, development, test,
  and evaluation for the Air Force shall be available, within the Advanced
  Strategic Missile Systems Program, for the Strategic Relocatable Target
  Attack Project and the Earth Penetrating Weapons Project.
Part B--Program Requirements, Restrictions, and Limitations
SEC. 211. ARMORED GUN SYSTEM
  (a) ARMORED GUN ACQUISITION SYSTEM- The Secretary of the Army shall prescribe
  an acquisition plan for the acquisition of an armored gun system for use
  on nondevelopmental item vehicles. The weight of such system shall not
  exceed 38,000 pounds loaded in its combat configuration.
  (b) PROHIBITION ON USE OF FUNDS FOR CERTAIN RDT&E- Funds appropriated
  or otherwise made available for the Army for fiscal year 1991 may not be
  obligated for research, development, test, or evaluation in connection with
  any vehicle for the armored gun system of the Army other than a vehicle
  that is a nondevelopmental item acquired in accordance with an acquisition
  plan described in subsection (a).
  (c) RESTRICTIONS ON ARMORED SYSTEMS MODERNIZATION- (1) The Secretary may
  not award a contract for development of a common chassis for the Armored
  Systems Modernization program of the Army until the Secretary has issued
  a request for proposal for an armored gun system.
  (2) The Secretary may not initiate full scale development of the tank
  or infantry fighting vehicle elements of the Armored System Modernization
  program based on a common chassis until the Secretary has awarded a contract
  for procurement of the armored gun system.
SEC. 212. V-22 OSPREY AIRCRAFT PROGRAM
  (a) TRANSFER OF UNOBLIGATED FY 1989 FUNDS- The Secretary of the Navy shall
  transfer from any funds appropriated to the Navy for fiscal year 1989
  for procurement of aircraft, and that remain available for obligation,
  $200,000,000 for research, development, test, and evaluation in connection
  with the  V-22 Osprey aircraft program. Such funds shall be available for
  obligation until September 30, 1991, subject to the customary reprogramming
  procedures.
  (b) LIMITATION ON USE OF FY 1991 FUNDS- (1) Of the amounts appropriated
  pursuant to section 201 for the Navy, not more than $38,000,000 may be
  obligated for research, development, test, and evaluation in connection
  with the V-22 Osprey aircraft program.
  (2) Of the amounts authorized to be appropriated pursuant to section 201(4)
  for the Defense Agencies, $8,000,000 shall be available for research,
  development, test, and evaluation in connection with the Special Operations
  variant of the V-22 Osprey aircraft.
  (c) PROHIBITION ON USE OF FUNDS FOR PROCUREMENT- (1) Funds appropriated or
  otherwise made available to or for the use of the Department of Defense
  pursuant to this or any other Act may not be obligated on or after the
  date of the enactment of this Act for procurement of V-22 Osprey aircraft.
  (2) A provision of law enacted after the date of this Act may not be
  construed as modifying or superseding this subsection unless that provision
  specifically refers to this subsection and specifically states that such
  provision of law modifies or supersedes this subsection.
SEC. 213. ADVANCED TACTICAL FIGHTER
  (a)  IN GENERAL- The Secretary of the Air Force shall complete the
  demonstration and validation phase and the design selection process for
  the Advanced Tactical Fighter for the Air Force.
  (b) PROHIBITION ON FULL-SCALE DEVELOPMENT- Funds appropriated or otherwise
  made available pursuant to this or any other Act for the Air Force for
  fiscal year 1991 may not be obligated for full-scale development activities
  in connection with the Advanced Tactical Fighter of the Air Force.
SEC. 214. LIGHT HELICOPTER
  (a) IN GENERAL- The Secretary of the Army shall complete the demonstration
  and validation phase and the design selection process for the Light
  Helicopter program of the Army.
  (b) PROHIBITION ON FULL-SCALE DEVELOPMENT- Funds appropriated or otherwise
  made available pursuant to this or any other Act for the Army for fiscal
  year 1991 may not be obligated for full-scale development activities in
  connection with the Light Helicopter program of the Army.
SEC. 215. ADVANCED TANK CANNON SYSTEM
  Funds appropriated or otherwise made available pursuant to this or any other
  Act for the Army for fiscal year 1991 may not be obligated for full-scale
  development in connection with the Advanced Tank Cannon program of the Army.
SEC. 216. FLEET ELECTRONIC WARFARE SUPPORT GROUP
  The Secretary of the Navy shall acquire aircraft for the Fleet Electronic
  Warfare Support Group to replace the ERA-3B aircraft assigned to such group
  on the date of the enactment of this Act. The Secretary shall acquire such
  aircraft by direct procurement or by lease entered into under section 328
  of the National Defense Authorization Act, Fiscal Year 1989 (Public Law
  100-456; 102 Stat. 1957).
SEC. 217. VANDENBERG AIR FORCE BASE TITAN IV LAUNCH FACILITY
  Funds appropriated for the Air Force for fiscal year 1991 may be obligated
  for an additional Titan IV launch facility only if the funds are used to
  convert the existing Space Launch Complex Six facility at Vandenberg Air
  Force Base, California, for use as a Titan IV launch facility.
Part C--Strategic Defense Initiative
SEC. 221. FUNDING FOR THE STRATEGIC DEFENSE INITIATIVE
  Of the amounts appropriated pursuant to section 201 or otherwise made
  available to the Department of Defense for research, development, test
  and evaluation, not more than $3,573,000,000 may be obligated for the
  Strategic Defense Initiative.
SEC. 222. LIMITATIONS ON THE STRATEGIC DEFENSE INITIATIVE
  (a) FINDINGS- Congress makes the following findings:
  (1) The Strategic Defense Initiative (SDI) has become too focused on a
  projected 1993 Presidential decision on whether the United States will deploy
  a space-based kinetic energy weapon system, known as `brilliant pebbles'.
  (2) There has been tremendous instability in the Phase I architecture of
  the strategic defense system.
  (3) A decision to deploy the phase I architecture of that system would
  have grave implications for offensive arms reduction negotiations with
  the Soviet Union and for continued United States compliance with the 1972
  Anti-Ballistic Missile Treaty.
  (4) Changes in the international political environment over the past year
  permit the United States to pursue the SDI program at a more measured pace,
  with increased emphasis on theater and anti-tactical ballistic missile
  contingencies.
  (5) A broad-based research program on the feasibility of highly effective
  missile defenses remains in the national interest.
  (b) SENSE OF CONGRESS- It is the sense of Congress that--
  (1) the Strategic Defense Initiative should not be focused on the projected
  1993 Presidential decision on deployment of a space-based kinetic energy
  weapon system;
  (2) the Strategic Defense Initiative should continue a balanced, robust
  program of research on those technologies that offer the prospect of highly
  effective anti-ballistic missile defenses;
  (3) priority under the Strategic Defense Initiative should be given,
  in the near term, to research on a defense system that (A) would protect
  against an accidental missile launch against the United States or a limited
  ballistic missile attack against the United States by a third-world country,
  and (B) if deployed, would not be in violation of the 1972 Anti-Ballistic
  Missile Treaty.
  (4) the Strategic Defense Initiative should include a vigorous pursuit of
  a variety of theater and anti-tactical ballistic missile defenses which
  would be of value to allies of the United States and to the military forces
  of the United States temporarily or permanently deployed within range of
  tactical ballistic missiles of a potential enemy; and
  (5) the Strategic Defense Initiative should continue support, as it has
  over the past six years, for those critical technology efforts that have
  both civil and military applications in areas other than ballistic missile
  defense systems.
  (c) LIMITATIONS ON SPENDING- Of the funds authorized to be appropriated
  pursuant to section 201 for the Strategic Defense Initiative--
  (1) not more than $345,000,000 may be obligated for the ground-based radar,
  space-based surveillance and tracking system program, and ground-based
  surveillance and tracking system program;
  (2) not more than $142,000,000 may be obligated for the ground-based
  interceptor program;
  (3) not more than $129,000,000 may be obligated for the brilliant pebbles
  program;
  (4) not more than $894,300,000 may be obligated for other phase I programs;
  (5) not more than $944,400,000 may be obligated for follow-on technologies
  programs;
  (6) not more than $320,000,000 may be obligated for key technologies
  activities;
  (7) not more than $227,800,000 may be obligated for operational support
  and management activities;
  (8) not more than $180,000,000 may be obligated for test and evaluation
  activities;
  (9) not more than $180,000,000 may be obligated for theater defense
  activities, of which not more than $42,000,000 may be expended for an
  advanced development program for an anti-tactical ballistic missile system
  with the Government of Israel;
  (10) not more than $116,800,000 may be obligated for the innovative science
  and technology and small business innovative research programs; and
  (11) not more than $93,700,000 may be obligated for engineering analysis
  activities.
  (d) BUDGET INFORMATION- With respect to each program and activity specified
  in clauses (1) through (11) of subsection (c), the Secretary of Defense
  shall include in budget justification materials submitted to Congress after
  the date of the enactment of this Act for any fiscal year, and in each
  annual report submitted to Congress after such date pursuant to section
  224 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Years 1990 and
  1991 (10 U.S.C. 2431 note), a description of the program or activity, any
  changes made in the program or activity since the last budget justification
  materials were submitted to Congress or the last annual report was submitted,
  as the case may be, and the amount budgeted for that program or activity
  for the fiscal year concerned.
  (e) REPORT- (1) The Secretary of Defense shall submit to the congressional
  defense committees a report on the allocation of funds appropriated for
  the Strategic Defense Initiative for fiscal year 1991. The report shall
  specify the amount of such funds allocated for each program, project,
  and activity of the Strategic Defense Initiative, including the amount
  allocated for each of the programs named in subsection (c).
  (2) The report required by paragraph (1) shall be submitted not later than
  90 days after the date of the enactment of legislation appropriating funds
  for the Strategic Defense Initiative for fiscal year 1991.
  (f) CONSTRUCTION OF TERMS- As used in this section:
  (1) The terms `Phase I', `follow-on technologies', `key technologies',
  `operational support and management', `test and evaluation', `theater
  defense', `innovative science and technology', `small business innovative
  research', and `engineering analysis' shall be interpreted consistent
  with the use of those terms in the testimony of Lieutenant General George
  L. Monahan, and the materials presented by General Monahan, before the
  Committee on Armed Services of the Senate on June 20, 1990, except that
  the term `Phase I' does not include the boost surveillance and tracking
  system program.
  (2) The terms `brilliant pebbles', `space-based surveillance and tracking
  system', `ground-based surveillance and tracking system', `ground-based
  radar', and `ground-based interceptor' shall be interpreted consistent with
  the use of those terms in Appendix F to the `1990 Report to the Congress
  on the Strategic Defense Initiative', dated May 1990.
  (g) DEFINITION- In this section, the term `1972 Anti-Ballistic Missile
  Treaty' means the Treaty Between the United States of America and the Union
  of Soviet Socialist Republics on the Limitations of Anti-Ballistic Missiles,
  signed at Moscow on May 26, 1972.
SEC. 223. LIMITATION ON DEVELOPMENT AND TESTING OF ANTIBALLISTIC MISSILE
SYSTEMS OR COMPONENTS
  (a) USE OF FUNDS- (1) Funds appropriated or otherwise made available to
  the Department of Defense for fiscal year 1991, or for any fiscal year
  before 1991, shall be subject to the limitations prescribed in paragraph (2).
  (2) Funds described in paragraph (1) may not be obligated or expended--
  (A) for the development or testing of any antiballistic missile system
  or component, except for development and testing consistent with the
  development and testing described in the May 1990 SDIO Report; or
  (B) for the acquisition of any material or equipment (including any
  long lead materials, components, piece parts, test equipment, or any
  modified space launch vehicle) required or to be used for the development
  or testing of antiballistic missile systems or components, except for
  material or equipment required for development or testing consistent with
  the development and testing described in the May 1990 SDIO Report.
  (3) The limitations in paragraph (2) shall not apply to funds transferred
  to or for the use of the Strategic Defense Initiative for fiscal year 1991
  if the transfer is made in accordance with section 1201 of this Act.
  (b) DEFINITION- As used in this section, the term `1990 SDIO Report' means
  the report entitled `1990 Report to Congress on the Strategic Defense
  Initiative,' dated May 1990, prepared by the Strategic Defense Initiative
  Organization and submitted to certain committees of the Senate and House
  of Representatives by the Secretary of Defense on June 7, 1990, pursuant
  to section 224 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Years
  1990 and 1991 (Public Law 101-189; 103 Stat. 1398; 10 U.S.C. 2431 note).
SEC. 224. PROHIBITION ON TEST AND EVALUATION OF STRATEGIC DEFENSE SYSTEMS
  Funds appropriated or otherwise made available to the Department of Defense
  for fiscal year 1991, or for any fiscal year before fiscal year 1991, may not
  be obligated for any operational test and evaluation activity in support of--
  (1) a strategic defense system; or
  (2) a program, project, or activity of the Strategic Defense Initiative.
TITLE III--OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE
Part A--Authorization of Appropriations
SEC. 301. OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE FUNDING
  (a) IN GENERAL- Funds are hereby authorized to be appropriated for fiscal
  year 1991 for the use of the Armed Forces and other activities and agencies
  of the Department of Defense, for expenses, not otherwise provided for,
  for operation and maintenance in amounts as follows:
  For the Army, $22,008,345,000.
  For the Navy, $23,283,784,000.
  For the Marine Corps, $1,892,700,000.
  For the Air Force, $20,785,714,000.
  For the Defense Agencies, $8,372,263,000.
  For the Army Reserve, $886,100,000.
  For the Naval Reserve, $977,800,000.
  For the Marine Corps Reserve, $84,800,000.
  For the Air Force Reserve, $1,057,600,000.
  For the Army National Guard, $1,970,400,000.
  For the Air National Guard, $2,219,600,000.
  For the National Board for the Promotion of Rifle Practice, $5,600,000.
  For the Defense Inspector General, $98,519,000.
  For Drug Interdiction and Counter-drug Activities, Defense, $1,207,900,000.
  For the Court of Military Appeals, $5,500,000.
  For Environmental Restoration Defense, $1,062,527,000.
  For Humanitarian Assistance, $13,000,000.
  (b) SPECIAL AUTHORIZATION FOR CONTINGENCIES- There is authorized to be
  appropriated for fiscal year 1991, in addition to the amounts authorized
  to be appropriated in subsection (a), such sums as may be necessary--
  (1) for unbudgeted increases in fuel costs; and
  (2) for unbudgeted increases as the result of inflation in the cost of
  activities authorized by such subsection.
SEC. 302. WORKING CAPITAL FUNDS
  Funds are hereby authorized to be appropriated for fiscal year 1991 for
  the use of the Armed Forces of the United States and other activities and
  agencies of the Department of Defense for providing capital for working
  capital funds, in amounts as follows:
  For the Army Stock Fund, $302,500,000.
  For the Air Force Stock Fund, $887,900,000.
  For the Army Industrial Fund, $151,000,000.
  For the Navy Industrial Fund, $238,700,000.
  For the Defense Industrial Fund, $4,000,000.
SEC. 303. ALLOCATION OF FUNDS FOR FLEXIBLE READINESS
  The Secretary of Defense shall allocate the funds authorized in this title
  for training and operations of the military services to insure that high
  priority military forces are maintained at appropriate readiness levels. The
  designation of `high priority' should be based on the anticipated threat;
  the amount of projected warning time of a major contingency; the likelihood
  that these forces would go into battle; and the ability of the military
  services to transport these forces to battle. Such high priority forces
  should include strategic forces, expeditionary forces, forward deployed
  forces, special operations forces, and certain intelligence forces.
SEC. 304. HUMANITARIAN ASSISTANCE
  (a) PURPOSE- (1) Funds appropriated pursuant to the authorizations in
  subsection (a) of section 301 for humanitarian assistance shall be used for
  the purpose of providing transportation for humanitarian relief for persons
  displaced or who are refugees because of the invasion of Afghanistan by
  the Soviet Union.
  (2) Of the funds authorized to be appropriated for fiscal year 1991
  pursuant to such subsection for such purpose, not more than $3,000,000
  shall be available for distribution of humanitarian relief supplies to
  non-Communist, noncombatant, displaced persons or refugees at or near the
  border between Thailand and Cambodia.
  (b) AUTHORITY TO TRANSFER FUNDS- The Secretary of Defense may transfer to
  the Secretary of State not more than $3,000,000 of the funds appropriated
  pursuant to such subsection for fiscal year 1991 for humanitarian assistance,
  other than the funds described in subsection (a)(2), to provide for--
  (1) the payment of administrative costs incurred in providing the
  transportation described in subsection (a); and
  (2) the purchase or other acquisition of transportation assets for the
  distribution of humanitarian relief supplies in the country of destination.
  (c) TRANSPORTATION UNDER DIRECTION OF THE SECRETARY OF STATE- Transportation
  for humanitarian relief provided with funds appropriated pursuant to
  such subsections for humanitarian assistance shall be provided under the
  direction of the Secretary of State.
  (d) MEANS OF TRANSPORTATION TO BE USED- Transportation for humanitarian
  relief provided with funds appropriated pursuant to such subsections for
  humanitarian assistance shall be provided by the most economical commercial
  or military means available, unless the Secretary of State determines
  that it is in the national interest of the United States to provide
  transportation other than by the most economical means available. The
  means used to provide such transportation may include the use of aircraft
  and personnel of the reserve components of the Armed Forces.
  (e) AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS- Funds appropriated pursuant to such subsections
  for humanitarian assistance shall remain available until expended, to the
  extent provided in appropriation Acts.
  (f) REPORTS TO CONGRESS- (1) The Secretary of Defense shall submit (at the
  times specified in paragraph (2)) to the Committees on Armed Services and
  Foreign Relations of the Senate and the Committees on Armed Services and
  Foreign Affairs of the House of Representatives a report on the provision
  of humanitarian assistance under the humanitarian relief laws specified
  in paragraph (4).
  (2) A report required by paragraph (1) shall be submitted--
  (A) not later than 60 days after the date of the enactment of this Act;
  (B) not later than June 1, 1991; and
  (C) not later than June 1 of each year thereafter until all funds available
  for humanitarian assistance under the humanitarian relief laws specified
  in paragraph (4) have been obligated.
  (3) A report required by paragraph (1) shall contain (as of the date on
  which the report is submitted) the following information:
  (A) The total amount of funds obligated for humanitarian relief under the
  humanitarian relief laws specified in paragraph (4).
  (B) The number of scheduled and completed flights for purposes of providing
  humanitarian relief under the humanitarian relief laws specified in paragraph
  (4).
  (C) A description of any transfer (including to whom the transfer is made)
  of excess nonlethal supplies of the Department of Defense made available
  for humanitarian relief purposes under section 2547 of title 10, United
  States Code.
  (4) The humanitarian relief laws referred to in paragraphs (1), (2), and
  (3) are the following:
  (A) This section.
  (B) Section 305 of the Department of Defense Authorization Act, 1986
  (Public Law 99-145; 99 Stat. 617).
  (C) Section 331 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Years
  1988 and 1989 (Public Law 100-180; 101 Stat. 1078).
  (D) Section 303 of the National Defense Authorization Act, Fiscal Year 1989
  (Public Law 100-456; 102 Stat. 1948).
  (E) Section 304 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Years
  1990 and 1991 (Public Law 101-189; 103 Stat. 1409).
SEC. 305. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS FOR THE UNITED STATES SOLDIERS'
AND AIRMEN'S HOME
   There is authorized to be appropriated for fiscal year 1991 from the
   Soldiers' Home, Permanent Fund, $47,999,000 for the operation of the
   United States Soldiers' and Airmen's Home.
Part B--Program Changes and Miscellaneous Provisions
SEC. 311. AUTHORITY GOVERNING OPERATION OF WORKING-CAPITAL FUNDED ACTIVITIES
  Section 2208(i) of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
  (1) in paragraph (1), by striking out `(1) Regulations' and all that follows
  down through subparagraph (A) and inserting in lieu thereof the following:
  `(1) Regulations under subsection (h) may authorize an article manufactured
  by a working-capital-funded Department of the Army arsenal (or other Army
  industrial facility) that manufactures large caliber cannons, gun mounts,
  recoil mechanisms, ammunition, munitions, or components thereof, to be
  sold to a person outside the Department of Defense if--
  `(A) the article is sold to a United States manufacturer, assembler,
  developer, or other concern--
  `(i) for use in developing new products;
  `(ii) for incorporation into items to be sold to, or to be used in a
  contract with, an agency of the United States;
  `(iii) for incorporation into items to be sold to, or to be used in a
  contract with, or for purposes of soliciting a contract with a friendly
  foreign government; or
  `(iv) for use in commercial expendable launch vehicles;'; and
  (2) in paragraph (2), by inserting `, or authorized to be sold,' after
  `article sold'.
SEC. 312. REPEAL OF RESTRICTION ON CONTRACTING OUT CORE LOGISTICS FUNCTIONS
  (a) REPEAL- Chapter 146 of title 10, United States Code, is amended by
  striking out section 2464.
  (b) TECHNICAL AMENDMENT- The table of sections at the beginning of such
  chapter is amended by striking out the item relating to section 2464.
SEC. 313. REPEAL OF PROHIBITION ON CERTAIN DEPOT MAINTENANCE WORKLOAD
COMPETITIONS
  (a) REPEAL- Chapter 146 of title 10, United States Code, is amended by
  striking out section 2466.
  (b) TECHNICAL AMENDMENT- The table of sections at the beginning of such
  chapter is amended by striking out the item relating to section 2466.
SEC. 314. AUTHORIZATION FOR NAVAL SHIPYARDS AND AVIATION DEPOTS TO ENGAGE
IN DEFENSE RELATED PRODUCTION AND SERVICES DURING FY 1991
  (a) AUTHORITY TO BID- During fiscal year 1991, naval shipyards and naval
  aviation depots may compete for contracts for the production of defense
  related articles and contracts for the provision of services related to
  defense programs.
  (b) REQUIRED ESTIMATES OF COST FACTORS- The Secretary of the Navy shall
  ensure that all successful bids by a naval shipyard or naval aviation
  depot on contracts referred to in subsection (a) include estimates for all
  direct and indirect cost factors, including all direct and indirect cost
  factors included in bids submitted by private firms. Office of Management
  and Budget Circular A-76 shall not apply to competitions conducted under
  the authority of this section.
SEC. 315. INVENTORY MANAGEMENT POLICIES
  (a) GUIDANCE- Not later than 180 days after the date of enactment of
  this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall issue a single, uniform policy
  on the management of inventory items of the Department of Defense. Such
  policy shall establish maximum levels for inventory items sufficient to
  achieve and maintain only those levels for inventory items necessary for
  the national defense. Such policy shall also provide guidance to item
  managers and other appropriate officials on how effectively to eliminate
  wasteful practices in the acquisition and management of inventory items.
  (b) PERSONNEL EVALUATIONS- The Secretary shall also establish procedures
  necessary to ensure that personnel appraisal systems for item managers and
  other personnel responsible for the acquisition and management of inventory
  items of the Department of Defense give appropriate consideration to efforts
  made by such personnel to eliminate wasteful practices and achieve cost
  savings in the acquisition and management of inventory items.
SEC. 316. VOYAGE REPAIRS ON NAVAL RESERVE FORCE VESSELS HOMEPORTED ON THE
WEST COAST
  Paragraph (3) of section 7299a(d) of title 10, United States Code, is
  amended to read as follows:
  `(3) Paragraph (1) does not apply in the case of voyage repairs.'.
SEC. 317. EXTENSION OF DATE FOR COMPLETION OF STUDY ON WASTE RECYCLING
  Section 361(c) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Years
  1990 and 1991 (Public Law 101-189; 103 Stat. 1429) is amended by striking
  out `one year after the date of the enactment of this Act' and inserting
  in lieu thereof `March 1, 1991'.
SEC. 318. HURRICANE RECONNAISSANCE
  The Secretary of the Air Force shall continue to carry out the mission of
  hurricane reconnaissance during fiscal year 1991 unless another department
  or agency of the Federal Government assumes responsibility for that mission
  and has adequate funds available for obligation for that purpose.
SEC. 319. REIMBURSEMENT OF EPA OVERSIGHT EXPENSES
  (a) To the extent provided for in interagency agreements entered into
  between the Department of Defense and the Environmental Protection Agency,
  the Secretary of Defense shall reimburse the Environmental Protection Agency
  for costs necessary to ensure oversight by that agency of environmental
  response actions at Department of Defense facilities conducted pursuant
  to section 120 of the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation,
  and Liability Act of 1980, as amended (42 U.S.C. 9620).
  (b) In addition, notwithstanding other provisions of law, the Environmental
  Protection Agency shall be provided with the reimbursable authority and full
  time equivalent ceiling to carry out such oversight activities. The funded
  full-time work years shall only be used to carry out oversight activities
  at Department of Defense facilities where interagency agreements have been
  entered into between the Environmental Protection Agency and the Department
  of Defense.
SEC. 320. PROHIBITION ON PURCHASES OF PERFORMANCE BONDS AND SIMILAR GUARANTIES
  Funds appropriated or otherwise made available to the Department of Defense
  for fiscal year 1991 may not be obligated or expended for the purchase of
  surety bonds or other guaranties of financial responsibility to guarantee
  the performance of any direct function by the Department of Defense.
SEC. 321. VALIDATION OF PAYMENTS UNDER CERTAIN CONTRACTS FOR THE PROVISION
OF MUNICIPAL SERVICES
  Notwithstanding section 2465 of title 10, United States Code, or any
  other provision of law, any payment made before the date of the enactment
  of this Act under a contract entered into before that date by a military
  department with a unit of local government for the provision by such unit
  of local government of police, fire, or other municipal service to the
  military department shall be held and considered to be a valid payment.
SEC. 322. ENVIRONMENTAL EDUCATION PROGRAM FOR DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE PERSONNEL
  (a) REQUIREMENT TO ESTABLISH PROGRAM- The Secretary of Defense shall
  establish a program for the purpose of educating Department of Defense
  personnel in environmental management.
  (b) PROGRAM REQUIREMENTS- Under the program, the Secretary shall--
  (1) in consultation with environmental education personnel of colleges and
  universities in the United States that offer undergraduate and graduate level
  courses in a wide range of environmental disciplines, develop a curriculum of
  environmental management courses offered by such colleges and universities;
  (2) provide opportunities for Department of Defense personnel to attend
  such courses at such colleges and universities; and
  (3) develop the criteria for the selection of Department of Defense
  personnel to attend such courses.
  (c) FISCAL YEAR 1991 FUNDING MATTERS- Of the funds authorized to be
  appropriated pursuant to section 301, not more than $100,000 shall be
  available for the program established pursuant to subsection (a).
  (d) RECOMMENDATIONS REGARDING CONTINUATION OF PROGRAM AFTER FISCAL YEAR
  1991- Not later than the date on which the President submits the budget for
  fiscal year 1992 to Congress pursuant to section 1105(a) of title 31, United
  States Code, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the Committees on
  Armed Services of the Senate and the House of Representatives in writing his
  recommendations regarding whether the program established under subsection
  (a) should be continued after September 30, 1991.
SEC. 323. USE OF OZONE DEPLETING SUBSTANCES WITHIN THE DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE
  (a) DOD Requirements for Ozone Depleting Chemicals Other Than CFCs-
  (1) In addition to the functions of the Committee designated by section
  356(c) of the National Defense Authorization Act for fiscal year 1990,
  it shall be the function of the Committee to study (A) the use of methyl
  chloroform, hydrochlorofluorcarbons (HCFCs) and carbon tetrachloride by the
  Department of Defense and by contractors in the performance of contracts
  for the Department of Defense, and (B) the costs and feasibility of using
  alternative compounds or technologies for methyl chloroform, HCFCs and
  carbon tetrachloride.
  (2) Within 120 days after the date of the enactment of this Act,
  the Secretary shall provide the Committee with a list of all military
  specifications, standards, and other requirements that specify the use of
  methyl chloroform, HCFCs, or carbon tetrachloride.
  (3) Within 150 days after the date of the enactment of this Act,
  the Secretary shall provide the Committee with a list of all military
  specifications, standards, and other requirements that do not specify use
  of methyl chloroform, HCFCs, or carbon tetrachloride.
  (b) In preparing reports the Committee shall work closely with the Strategic
  Environmental Research Program Council, and shall provide to the Strategic
  Environmental Research Program Council its reports and recommendation with
  respect to section (a).
  (c) EXTENSION OF REPORTING DEADLINE FOR CFCS- The deadline for submitting
  a final report to the Congress concerning uses of CFCs, established in
  section 356(d) of the National Defense Authorization Act for fiscal year
  1990, is hereby extended to June 30, 1991.
  (d) REPORTING DEADLINE FOR METHYL CHLOROFORM, HCFCS, AND CARBON
  TETRACHLORIDE- Not later than September 30, 1991, the Secretary shall
  submit to Congress a report containing the results of the study by the
  Committee authorized under subsection (a)(1) of this section.
SEC. 324. REDUCTION IN STOCK FUND OBLIGATIONS
  The Secretary of Defense may not incur obligations against the Department
  of Defense stock funds during fiscal year 1991, except for obligations
  for fuel and subsistence items, in excess of 80 percent of the sales from
  such stock funds during that fiscal year, except for sales for fuel and
  subsistence items.
TITLE IV--PERSONNEL AUTHORIZATIONS FOR FISCAL YEAR 1991
Part A--Active Forces
SEC. 401. END STRENGTHS FOR ACTIVE FORCES
  (a) FISCAL YEAR 1991- The Armed Forces are authorized strengths for active
  duty personnel as of September 30, 1991, as follows:
  (1) The Army, 704,170, of which not more than 99,291 may be officers.
  (2) The Navy, 568,500, of which not more than 69,992 may be officers.
  (3) The Marine Corps, 193,735, of which not more than 19,757 may be officers.
  (4) The Air Force, 510,000, of which not more than 95,027 may be officers.
  (b) FISCAL YEAR 1995- The Armed Forces are authorized strengths for active
  duty personnel as of September 30, 1995, as follows:
  (1) The Army, 510,0000.
  (2) The Navy, 500,000.
  (3) The Marine Corps, 177,000.
  (4) The Air Force, 415,000.
SEC. 402. UNIFORM STRENGTH REDUCTION PROCESS
  (a) IN GENERAL- (1) No member of the Army, Navy, Air Force, or Marine
  Corps to whom this section applies may be involuntarily separated unless
  the Secretary of the military department concerned has certified to the
  Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of Representatives
  that the Secretary has implemented procedures--
  (A) to limit the number of persons without previous military service that
  may be accessed for active duty service as officers in the Army, Navy,
  Air Force, or Marine Corps in each fiscal year for the period beginning
  October 1, 1990, and ending September 30, 1995, to a number that does not
  exceed the number determined by multiplying the projected end strength of
  active duty officers of that armed force for fiscal year 1995 (as determined
  by the Secretary concerned) by the accession ceiling percentage specified
  in the table under paragraph (2) for that armed force for officers;
  (B) to limit the number of persons without previous military service that
  may be accessed for active duty service as enlisted members of the Army,
  Navy, Air Force, or Marine Corps for each fiscal year during the period
  beginning October 1, 1990, and ending September 30, 1995, to a number that
  does not exceed the number determined by multiplying the projected end
  strength of active duty enlisted personnel of that armed force for fiscal
  year 1995 (as determined by the Secretary concerned) by the accession
  ceiling percentage specified in the table under paragraph (2) for that
  armed force for enlisted personnel;
  (C) to reduce as of September 30 each year during the period beginning
  October 1, 1990, and ending September 30, 1995, the number of members of each
  armed force serving on active duty who, upon separation, would be immediately
  eligible for retired pay or retainer pay to a number not greater than the
  number necessary to meet the requirements of that armed force within the
  end strength specified in section 401(b) for that armed force; and
  (D) to limit the number of members of each armed force serving on active
  duty who have completed two but less than five years of active service to a
  number not greater than the number necessary to meet the requirements of that
  armed force for members with two but less than five years of active service
  within the end strength specified in section 401(b) for that armed force.
  (2) The table of accession ceiling percentages is as follows:
-----------------------------------------------------
  Armed Force Accession Ceiling Percentages
                           Enlisted members Officers
-----------------------------------------------------
 Army                                 19.4%     9.6%
 Navy                                 16.6%     9.1%
 Marine Corps                         20.1%     8.4%
 Air Force                            12.6%     8.3%
-----------------------------------------------------
  (b) APPLICABILITY- The limitation on involuntary separation referred to
  in subsection (a)(1) applies to a member of the Army, Navy, Air Force,
  or Marine Corps who--
  (1) is serving on active duty or full-time National Guard duty;
  (2) has five or more years of active service in the Armed Forces;
  (3) if involuntarily separated, would not be immediately eligible for
  retired pay or retainer pay; and
  (4) if involuntarily separated, would be eligible for transition assistance
  under section 1174 of title 10, United States Code (as amended by section
  641 of this Act), section 1105 of such title (as added by section 642
  of this Act), section 1420 of title 38, United States Code (as added by
  section 643 of this Act), or section 644 of this Act.
  (c) DEFINITION- For purposes of this section, the term `involuntarily
  separated' has the meaning given such term in section 644(h) of this Act.
  (d) REGULATIONS- The Secretary of Defense shall prescribe regulations
  necessary to carry out this section.
SEC. 403. AUTHORIZED STRENGTH FOR GENERAL AND FLAG OFFICERS ON ACTIVE DUTY
  (a) FISCAL YEAR 1991- The text of section 526 of title 10, United States
  Code, is amended to read as follows:
  `The total number of general officers on active duty in the Army, Air
  Force, and Marine Corps and flag officers on active duty in the Navy may
  not exceed the number specified for the armed force concerned as follows:
  `(1) For the Army, 386.
  `(2) For the Navy, 250.
  `(3) For the Air Force, 326.
  `(4) For the Marine Corps, 68.'.
  (b) FISCAL YEAR 1995- Effective October 1, 1995, paragraphs (1) through
  (4) of section 526 of title 10, United States Code, are amended to read
  as follows:
  `(1) For the Army, 302.
  `(2) For the Navy, 216.
  `(3) For the Air Force, 279.
  `(4) For the Marine Corps, 61.'.
  (c) CONFORMING AND TECHNICAL AMENDMENTS- (1) Chapter 331 of title 10,
  United States Code, is amended--
  (A) by striking out section 3202; and
  (B) in the table of sections at the beginning of such chapter, by striking
  out the item relating to section 3202.
  (2) Chapter 533 of such title is amended--
  (A) by striking out sections 5442, 5443, 5444, and 5446; and
  (B) in the table of sections at the beginning of such chapter, by striking
  out the items relating to sections 5442, 5443, 5444, and 5446.
  (3) Chapter 831 of such title is amended--
  (A) by striking out section 8202; and
  (B) in the table of sections at the beginning of the chapter, by striking
  out the item relating to section 8202.
SEC. 404. REDUCTION IN NUMBER OF ACTIVE DUTY AIR FORCE COLONELS
  Section 523(a)(1) of title 10, United States Code, is amended by striking
  out the figures under the heading `Colonel' relating to the Air Force and
  inserting in lieu thereof the following:
`3,392
`3,573
`3,754
`3,935
`4,115
`4,296
`4,477
`4,658
`4,838
`5,019
`5,200
`5,381'.
SEC. 405. EXEMPTION FROM GRADE ACCOUNTABILITY FOR CERTAIN THREE-STAR GENERAL
AND FLAG OFFICER POSITIONS
  (a) IN GENERAL- Section 525(b) of title 10, United States Code, is amended
  by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
  `(4)(A) An officer while serving in a position designated under subparagraph
  (B), if serving in the grade of lieutenant general or vice admiral, is in
  addition to the number that would otherwise be permitted his armed force
  for that grade under paragraph (1) or (2).
  `(B) The President, with the advice and assistance of the Secretary of
  Defense and the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, may designate not
  more than six positions within the Joint Staff (provided for under section
  155 of this title) as positions referred to in subparagraph (A).
  `(C) The authority of the President under subparagraph (B) may not be
  delegated.'.
  (b) TECHNICAL AMENDMENT- Paragraph (3) of such section is amended by
  striking out `authorized' and inserting in lieu thereof `that would
  otherwise be permitted'.
Part B--Reserve Forces
SEC. 411. END STRENGTHS FOR SELECTED RESERVE
  (a) IN GENERAL- The Armed Forces are authorized strengths for Selected
  Reserve personnel of the reserve components as of September 30, 1991,
  as follows:
  (1) The Army National Guard of the United States, 447,300.
  (2) The Army Reserve, 309,200.
  (3) The Naval Reserve, 153,400.
  (4) The Marine Corps Reserve, 44,000.
  (5) The Air National Guard of the United States, 116,300.
  (6) The Air Force Reserve, 85,200.
  (7) The Coast Guard Reserve, 12,700.
  (b) WAIVER AUTHORITY- The Secretary of Defense may vary the end strength
  authorized by subsection (a) by not more than 2 percent.
  (c) ADJUSTMENTS- The end strengths prescribed by subsection (a) for
  the Selected Reserve of any reserve component shall be proportionately
  reduced by--
  (1) the total authorized strength of units organized to serve as units
  of the Selected Reserve of such component which are on active duty (other
  than for training) at the end of the fiscal year, and
  (2) the total number of individual members not in units organized to serve
  as units of the Selected Reserve of such component who are on active duty
  (other than for training or for unsatisfactory participation in training)
  without their consent at the end of the fiscal year.
Whenever such units or such individual members are released from active duty
during any fiscal year, the end strength prescribed for such fiscal year
for the Selected Reserve of such reserve component shall be proportionately
increased by the total authorized strengths of such units and by the total
number of such individual members.
SEC. 412. END STRENGTHS FOR RESERVES ON ACTIVE DUTY IN SUPPORT OF THE RESERVES
  (a) FISCAL YEAR 1991- (1) Within the end strengths prescribed in section
  411, the reserve components of the Armed Forces are authorized, as of
  September 30, 1991, the following number of Reserves to be serving on
  full-time active duty or, in the case of members of the National Guard,
  full-time National Guard duty for the purpose of organizing, administering,
  recruiting, instructing, or training the reserve components:
  (A) The Army National Guard of the United States, 24,820.
  (B) The Army Reserve, 12,673.
  (C) The Naval Reserve, 21,848.
  (D) The Marine Corps Reserve, 2,781.
  (E) The Air National Guard of the United States, 8,045.
  (F) The Air Force Reserve, 623.
  (2) In order to meet the national security requirements of the United
  States, the Secretary of Defense may reallocate the numbers authorized
  for the reserve component specified in paragraph (1) in such manner as the
  Secretary determines appropriate, except that the total numbers reallocated
  may not exceed the number equal to 10 percent of the total number authorized
  for the reserve components under such paragraph.
  (b)(1) Within the end strengths authorized by legislation enacted after
  the date of enactment of this Act for each of the fiscal years listed in
  the table in paragraph (2), the reserve components of the Armed Forces
  are authorized the total number of members specified in such table for
  such fiscal year to be serving on full-time active duty or, in the case
  of members of the National Guard, full-time National Guard duty for the
  purpose of organizing, administering, recruiting, instructing, or training
  the reserve components.
  (2) The table referred to in subsection (b) is as follows:
------------------------------------------------------------
 Fiscal year Reserves on active duty in support of reserves
------------------------------------------------------------
 1992                                                66,664
 1993                                                62,959
 1994                                                59,255
 1995                                                55,550
 1996                                                51,845
------------------------------------------------------------
  (c)(1) IMPLEMENTATION OF REDUCTIONS- In implementing the reduction in
  the end strengths for reserves on active duty in support of the reserves
  required in this section, no member of the Reserves serving on full-time
  active duty on the date of enactment of this Act, or in the case of members
  of the National Guard, full-time National Guard duty for the purpose of
  organizing, administering, recruiting, instructing or training the Reserve
  components may be involuntarily separated.
  (2) DEFINITION- As used in this section, the term `involuntarily separated'
  shall have the same meaning as the meaning of that term under section 844
  of this Act.
  (3) AUTHORITY TO EXCEED PRESCRIBED END STRENGTHS- The end strengths
  prescribed in subsections (a) and (b) may be exceeded to the extent necessary
  to comply with this subsection, as determined under regulations prescribed
  by the Secretary of Defense.
  (4) ACTIVE DUTY IN SUPPORT OF THE RESERVES- Accessions of members of the
  Reserves to be serving on full-time active duty or, in the case of members
  of the National Guard on full-time National Guard duty for the purpose
  of organizing, administering, recruiting, instructing, or training the
  reserve components for a fiscal year shall be two percent of the total
  authorized end strength provided in this section for such fiscal year.
  (d) USE OF ACTIVE COMPONENT MEMBERS- (1) The Secretary of Defense shall
  examine the validity of the information submitted in support of the budget
  submitted to Congress pursuant to section 1105 of title 31, United States
  Code, for fiscal year 1991 with respect to the number reserve members
  on active duty or full-time National Guard duty to support the reserve
  components and shall, to the extent that the information remains valid,
  assign active  component members to reserve units to meet the requirement
  of the reserve components.
  (2) The Secretary shall include in the detailed justification of estimates
  for military personnel for the Army, Navy, Marine Corps, and Air Force
  that accompanies the budget submitted to Congress for fiscal years 1992
  and 1993 pursuant to section 1105 of title 31, United States Code, the
  number of such personnel that are programmed to be assigned in support of
  the reserve components to meet requirements for full-time support of the
  reserve components.
SEC. 413. REPEAL OF INCREASE IN NUMBER OF MEMBERS IN CERTAIN GRADES AUTHORIZED
TO BE ON ACTIVE DUTY IN SUPPORT OF THE RESERVES
  Subsections (a) and (b) of section 413 of the National Defense Authorization
  Act for Fiscal Years 1990 and 1991 (Public Law 101-189; 103 Stat. 1433)
  are each amended by striking out paragraph (2).
Part C--Military Training Student Loads
SEC. 421. AUTHORIZATION OF TRAINING STUDENT LOADS
  (a) IN GENERAL- For fiscal year 1991, the components of the Armed Forces
  are authorized average military training loads as follows:
  (1) The Army, 66,525.
  (2) The Navy, 59,675.
  (3) The Marine Corps, 20,880.
  (4) The Air Force, 26,880.
  (5) The Army National Guard of the United States, 16,611.
  (6) The Army Reserve, 15,337.
  (7) The Naval Reserve, 3,112.
  (8) The Marine Corps Reserve, 3,520.
  (9) The Air National Guard of the United States, 2,765.
  (10) The Air Force Reserve, 1,628.
  (b) ADJUSTMENTS- The average military student loads authorized in subsection
  (a) shall be adjusted consistent with the end strengths authorized in parts
  A and B. The Secretary of Defense shall prescribe the manner in which such
  adjustments shall be apportioned.
Part D--Authorization of Appropriations
SEC. 431. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS FOR MILITARY PERSONNEL FOR FISCAL
YEAR 1991
  There is hereby authorized to be appropriated to the Department of Defense
  for military personnel for fiscal year 1991 a total of $77,553,700,000. The
  authorization in the preceding sentence supersedes any other authorization
  of appropriations (definite or indefinite) for such purpose for fiscal
  year 1991.
Part E--Civilian Personnel
SEC. 441. AUTHORIZATION OF END STRENGTHS
  (a) IN GENERAL- The Department of Defense is authorized strengths for
  civilian personnel as of September 30, 1991, as follows:
  (1) Department of the Army, 369,641.
  (2) Department of the Navy, 327,897.
  (3) Department of the Air Force, 246,443.
  (4) Defense Agencies and all other elements of the Department of Defense,
  98,603.
  (b) COUNTING OF PERSONNEL- (1) In computing the strength for civilian
  personnel, there shall be included all direct-hire and indirect-hire
  civilian personnel employed to perform military functions administered by the
  Department of Defense (other than those performed by the National Security
  Agency) whether employed on a full-time, part-time, or intermittent basis,
  but excluding personnel in special employment categories for students and
  disadvantaged youth (such as the stay-in-school campaign, the temporary
  summer aid program, and the Federal junior fellowship program) and personnel
  participating in the worker-trainee opportunity program.
  (2) Personnel employed under a part-time career employment program
  established by section 3402 of title 5, United States Code, shall be
  counted as prescribed by section 3404 of that title. Personnel employed
  in an overseas area on a part-time basis under a nonpermanent local-hire
  appointment who are dependents accompanying a Federal civilian employee
  or a member of a uniformed service an official assignment or tour of duty
  shall also be counted as prescribed by section 3404 of that title.
  (3) Whenever a function, power or duty, or activity is transferred
  or assigned to a military department or an agency of the Department of
  Defense from a department or agency outside of the Department of Defense,
  or from another military department or agency within the Department of
  Defense, the civilian personnel end-strength authorized for each such
  military department or agency of the Department of Defense affected shall
  be adjusted to reflect any increases or decreases in civilian personnel
  required as a result of such transfer or assignment.
  (c) ADJUSTMENT AUTHORITY- When the Secretary of Defense determines that
  such action is necessary in the national interest, the Secretary of Defense
  may authorize the employment of civilian personnel in excess of the number
  authorized by subsection (a), but such additional number may not exceed
  2 percent of the total number of civilian personnel authorized for the
  Department of Defense by subsection (a). The Secretary of Defense shall
  promptly notify the Congress of any authorization to increase civilian
  personnel strength under this subsection.
  (d) FIVE-YEAR REDUCTION IN SENIOR LEVEL EMPLOYEES- The Secretary of Defense
  shall take such action as may be necessary to reduce the number of senior
  level civilian employees employed in the Department of Defense by a number
  not less than 20 percent below the number of senior level civilian employees
  employed in the Department on September 30, 1990. The Secretary shall achieve
  the reduction over not more than a five year period beginning October 1,
  1991. For purposes of this subsection, the term `senior level civilian
  employee' means an employee who holds a position in the grade of GS-16 or
  above under the General Schedule provided for in section 5104 of title 5,
  United States Code, or a Senior Executive Service position (as defined in
  section 3132(a)(2) of such title).
TITLE V--MILITARY PERSONNEL
Part A--Personnel Management Matters
SEC. 501. OFFICER RETENTION FLEXIBILITY
  (a) IN GENERAL- Chapter 36 of title 10, United States Code, is amended by
  inserting after section 638 the following new section:
`Sec. 638a. Temporary enhancement of authority for selective early retirement
  `(a) The Secretary of Defense may authorize the Secretary of a military
  department, during the five-year period beginning on October 1, 1990,
  to take any of the actions set forth in subsection (b) with respect to
  officers of an armed force under the jurisdiction of that Secretary.
  `(b) Actions which the Secretary of a military department may take with
  respect to officers of an armed force when authorized to do so under
  subsection (a) are the following:
  `(1) Provide that regular officers on the active-duty list may be considered
  for early retirement by a selection board convened under section 611(b)
  of this title in the case of officers described in any of subparagraphs
  (A) through (C) as follows:
  `(A) Officers in the regular grade of lieutenant colonel or commander
  who would be subject to consideration for selection for early retirement
  under section 638(a)(1)(A) of this title except that they have failed of
  selection for promotion only one time (rather than two or more times).
  `(B) Officers in the regular grade of colonel or, in the case of the Navy,
  captain who would be subject to consideration for selection for early
  retirement under section 638(a)(1)(B) of this title except that they have
  served on active duty in that grade less than four years (but not less
  than two years).
  `(C) Officers holding a regular grade below the grade of colonel or, in
  the case of the Navy, captain who are not eligible for retirement under
  section 3911, 6323, or 8911 of this title but who after the performance
  of not more than two additional years of active service as a commissioned
  officer would be eligible for retirement under one of those sections and
  whose names are not on a list of officers recommended for promotion.
  `(2) Suspend the operation of section 638(c) of this title.
  `(c) In the case of an action under subsection (b)(1), the Secretary of the
  military department concerned shall specify the number of officers described
  in that subsection which a selection board convened under section 611(b)
  of this title pursuant to the authority of that subsection may recommend
  for early retirement. Such number may not be more than 30 percent of the
  number of officers considered in each grade in each competitive category.
  `(d) The retirement of an officer pursuant to this section shall be
  considered to be involuntary for purposes of any other provision of law.'.
  (b) TECHNICAL AMENDMENT- The table of sections at the beginning of
  subchapter IV of such chapter is amended by inserting after the item
  relating to section 638 the following new item:
`638a. Temporary enhancement of authority for selective early retirement.'.
SEC. 502. REDUCTION IN TIME-IN-GRADE REQUIREMENT FOR RETENTION OF GRADE UPON
VOLUNTARY RETIREMENT
  (a) IN GENERAL- Section 1370(a)(2) of title 10, United States Code,
  is amended--
  (1) by inserting `(A)' after `(2)';
  (2) by inserting after `not less than three years' at the end of the
  first sentence the following: `, except that the Secretary of Defense may
  authorize the Secretary of a military department to reduce such period
  to a period not less than two years in the case of retirements effective
  during the five-year period beginning on October 1, 1990'; and
  (3) by designating the second, and third sentences as subparagraph (B)
  and by striking out `the preceding sentence' in the first sentence of such
  subparagraph (as so designated) and inserting in lieu thereof `subparagraph
  (A)'.
  (b) CORRESPONDING REDUCTION IN ACTIVE DUTY STRENGTH LEVEL OF OFFICERS-
  Whenever the Secretary of a military department reduces, in the case
  of any officer, the period of service-in-grade required under section
  1370(a)(2)(A), as amended by subsection (a), to less than three years,
  the maximum number of officers permitted by section 523 or 526 of title
  10, United States Code, to be on active duty in the grade in which that
  officer is retired shall be deemed to be reduced by one.
SEC. 503. REQUIRED LENGTH OF COMMISSIONED SERVICE FOR VOLUNTARY RETIREMENT
  (a) ARMY- Section 3911 of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
  (1) by inserting `(a)' at the beginning of the text of the section; and
  (2) by adding at the end the following:
  `(b) The Secretary of Defense may authorize the Secretary of the Army,
  during the five-year period beginning on October 1, 1990, to reduce the
  requirement under subsection (a) for at least 10 years of active service
  as a commissioned officer to a period (determined by the Secretary of the
  Army) of not less than eight years.'.
  (b) NAVY AND MARINE CORPS- Section 6323(a) of such title is amended--
  (1) by inserting `(1)' after `(a)'; and
  (2) by adding at the end the following:
  `(2) The Secretary of Defense may authorize the Secretary of the Navy,
  during the five-year period beginning on October 1, 1990, to reduce the
  requirement under paragraph (1) for at least 10 years of active service
  as a commissioned officer to a period (determined by the Secretary of the
  Navy) of not less than eight years.'.
  (c) AIR FORCE- Section 8911 of such title is amended--
  (1) by inserting `(a)' at the beginning of the text of the section; and
  (2) by adding at the end the following:
  `(b) The Secretary of Defense may authorize the Secretary of the Air Force,
  during the five-year period beginning on October 1, 1990, to reduce the
  requirement under subsection (a) for at least 10 years of active service
  as a commissioned officer to a period (determined by the Secretary of the
  Air Force) of not less than eight years.'.
SEC. 504. REPORT ON INITIAL APPOINTMENT OF ALL OFFICERS AS RESERVE OFFICERS AND
ON THE APPROPRIATE ACTIVE DUTY OBLIGATION OF GRADUATES OF THE SERVICE ACADEMIES
  (a) REPORT REQUIRED- The Secretary of Defense shall submit to the Committees
  on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of Representatives a report on
  (1) the advantages, disadvantages, and desirability of initially appointing
  all persons commissioned as officers in the Army, Navy, Air Force, or
  Marine Corps as Reserve officers, and (2) what the appropriate active duty
  service obligation should be for graduates of the service academies.
  (b) DEADLINE FOR REPORT- (1) The Secretary shall submit the report required
  by subsection (a), together with such comments and recommendations as the
  Secretary considers appropriate, not later than 60 days after the date of
  the enactment of this Act.
  (2) In the event the report is not submitted within 60 days after the date
  of the enactment of this Act, then--
  (A) all persons initially appointed as commissioned officers in the Army,
  Navy, Air Force, and Marine Corps after the 60th day following the date
  of the enactment of this Act shall be appointed as commissioned officers
  in a Reserve component of the Armed Forces; and
  (B) all persons entering the service academies after the 60th day following
  the date of the enactment of this Act shall incur an obligation to serve
  on active duty for a period of five years.
  (c) DEFINITION- As used in this section, the term `service academies'
  means the United States Military Academy, the United States Naval Academy,
  and the United States Air Force Academy.
Part B--Other Matters
SEC. 521. NAVY RATIONS
  (a) IN GENERAL- Section 6082 of title 10, United States Code, is amended
  to read as follows:
`Sec. 6082. Rations
  `(a) The President may prescribe the components and quantities of the Navy
  ration. The President may direct the issuance of equivalent articles in
  place of the prescribed components if the President determines that economy
  and the health and comfort of the members of the Navy requires such action.
  `(b) An enlisted member of the Navy on active duty is entitled to one
  ration daily. If an emergency ration is issued, it is in addition to the
  regular ration.
  `(c) Fresh or preserved fruits, milk, butter, and eggs necessary for the
  proper diet of the sick and injured in hospitals shall be provided under
  regulations prescribed by the Secretary of the Navy.
  `(d) The Secretary of the Navy may increase the quantity of daily rations
  for members of the Navy on a vessel or at a station that has an authorized
  complement of less than 150 members if the President determines that the
  vessel or station is operating under conditions that warrant an increase
  in rations.'.
  (b) TECHNICAL AMENDMENT- The table of sections at the beginning of such
  chapter is amended by striking out the item relating to section 6082 and
  inserting in lieu thereof the following:
`6082 Rations.'.
SEC. 522. REPEAL OF AUTHORITY OF ADMINISTRATOR OF PANAMA CANAL COMMISSION
TO NOMINATE CADETS AND MIDSHIPMEN
  (a) UNITED STATES MILITARY ACADEMY- (1) Section 4342 of title 10, United
  States Code, is amended--
  (A) in subsection (a)--
  (i) by striking out clause (8); and
  (ii) by redesignating clauses (9) and (10) as clauses (8) and (9),
  respectively;
  (B) in subsection (d), by striking out `(2)-(7), (9), or (10)' and inserting
  in lieu thereof `(2) through (9)'; and
  (C) in subsection (f), by striking out `(3)-(7), (9) and (10)' and inserting
  in lieu thereof `(3) through (9)'.
  (2) Section 4343 of such title is amended by striking out `(2)-(9)' and
  inserting in lieu thereof `(2) through (8)'.
  (b) UNITED STATES NAVAL ACADEMY- (1) Section 6954 of such title is amended--
  (A) in subsection (a)--
  (i) by striking out clause (8); and
  (ii) by redesignating clauses (9) and (10) as clauses (8) and (9),
  respectively; and
  (B) in subsection (d), by striking out `(2)-(7), (9), or (10)' and inserting
  in lieu thereof `(2) through (9)'.
  (2) Section 6956(c) of such title is amended by striking out `(2)-(9)'
  and inserting in lieu thereof `(2) through (8)'.
  (3) Section 6958(b) of such title is amended by striking out `(3)-(7),
  (9) and (10)' and inserting in lieu thereof `(3) through (9)'.
  (c) UNITED STATES AIR FORCE ACADEMY- (1) Section 9342 of such title is
  amended--
  (A) in subsection (a)--
  (i) by striking out clause (8); and
  (ii) by redesignating clauses (9) and (10) as clauses (8) and (9),
  respectively;
  (B) in subsection (d), by striking out `(2)-(7), (9), or (10)' and inserting
  in lieu thereof `(2) through (9)'; and
  (C) in subsection (f), by striking out `(3)-(7), (9) and (10)' and inserting
  in lieu thereof `(3) through (9)'.
  (2) Section 9343 of such title is amended by striking out `(2)-(9)' and
  inserting in lieu thereof `(2) through (8)'.
  (d) EFFECTIVE DATE- The amendments made by subsection (a) shall take effect
  on October 1, 1990.
SEC. 523. ADVANCED EDUCATIONAL ASSISTANCE
  Section 2005 of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
  (1) in subsection (a)(3), by inserting `or fails to fulfill any term or
  condition prescribed pursuant to clause (4),' after `agreement,'; and
  (2) in subsection (f)(1), by inserting `or fails to fulfill any term or
  condition prescribed pursuant to clause (4) of such subsection,' after
  `agreement,'.
TITLE VI--COMPENSATION AND OTHER PERSONNEL BENEFITS
Part A--Pay and Allowances
SEC. 601. MILITARY PAY RAISE FOR FISCAL YEAR 1991
  (a) WAIVER OF SECTION 1009 ADJUSTMENT- Any adjustment required by section
  1009 of title 37, United States Code, in elements of compensation of
  members of the uniformed services to become effective during fiscal year
  1991 shall not be made.
  (b) INCREASE IN BASIC PAY, BAS, AND BAQ- The rates of basic pay, basic
  allowance for subsistence, and basic allowance for quarters of members of the
  uniformed services are increased by 3.5 percent effective on January 1, 1991.
SEC. 602. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS FOR PERMANENT CHANGE OF STATION MOVES
  There is hereby authorized to be appropriated to the Department of Defense
  for funding of permanent change of station moves in fiscal year 1991 a total
  of $2,652,884,000. The authorization in the preceding sentence supersedes
  any other authorization of appropriations (definite or indefinite) for
  such purpose for fiscal year 1991.
Part B--Bonuses and Special and Incentive Pay
SEC. 611. AUTHORITY TO TERMINATE SELECTIVE REENLISTMENT BONUS PAYMENTS
  (a) TERMINATION AUTHORIZED- Subsection (d) of section 308 of title 37,
  United States Code, is amended--
  (1) by inserting (1) after `(d)'; and
  (2) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
  `(2) Whenever refund is not required under paragraph (1) of this subsection,
  the Secretary of Defense, or the Secretary of Transportation with respect
  to the Coast Guard when it is not operating as a service in the Navy,
  may provide that bonus installments due to a member who does not complete
  the term of enlistment for which a bonus was paid under this section or
  who ceases to perform in the specialty for which a bonus was paid under
  this section will not be paid. The Secretary of Defense or the Secretary
  of Transportation, as appropriate, may prescribe the circumstances under
  which bonus installments may be terminated under this section.'.
  (b) EFFECTIVE DATE- The amendment made by subsection (a) shall apply to
  bonuses paid to persons who reenlist or extend their enlistment in the
  armed forces on or after the date of the enactment of this Act.
SEC. 612. INCREASE IN RATE OF SPECIAL PAY FOR OPTOMETRISTS
  (a) IN GENERAL- Section 302a of title 37, United States Code, is amended
  by striking `$100' and inserting in lieu thereof `$350'.
  (b) EFFECTIVE DATE- The amendment made by subsection (a) shall take effect
  October 1, 1991, and shall apply to pay periods beginning on and after
  that date.
SEC. 613. INCENTIVE PAY FOR CERTIFIED NURSE-MIDWIVES AND INTENSIVE CARE NURSES
  (a) IN GENERAL- Section 302e(b) of title 37, United States Code, is amended--
  (1) by striking out paragraph (2);
  (2) by redesignating paragraph (3) as paragraph (4); and
  (3) by inserting after paragraph (1) the following new paragraphs:
  `(2) is a registered nurse;
  `(3) is a qualified certified nurse anesthetist, a qualified intensive
  care nurse, or a qualified certified nurse-midwife; and'.
  (b) CLERICAL AMENDMENTS- (1) The section heading for section 302e of such
  title is amended to read as follows:
`Sec. 302e. Special pay: nurse anesthetists, intensive care nurses, and
nurse-midwives'.
  (2) The table of sections at the beginning of chapter 5 of such title is
  amended by striking out the item relating to section 302e and inserting
  in lieu thereof the following:
`Special pay: nurse anesthetists, intensive care nurses, and nurse-midwives.'.
  (c) EFFECTIVE DATE- The amendments made by this section shall take effect
  October 1, 1990, and shall apply to pay periods beginning on and after
  that date.
SEC. 614. SPECIAL PAY FOR PODIATRISTS
  (a) IN GENERAL- Chapter 5 of title 37, United States Code, is amended by
  adding after section 302e the following new section:
`Sec. 302f.  Special pay: podiatrists
  `(a) PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE CORPS- A member who is--
  `(1) an officer in the Regular or Reserve Corps of the Public Health
  Service and is designated as a podiatrist; and
  `(2) has been awarded a Certificate as a Diplomate in a special area of
  practice approved by the Council on Podiatric Medical Education of the
  American Podiatric Medical Association,
is entitled to special pay, as provided in subsection (b).
  `(b) RATE OF SPECIAL PAY- The rate of special pay to which an officer is
  entitled pursuant to subsection (a) shall be--
  `(1) $2,000 per year, if the officer has less than 10 years of creditable
  service;
  `(2) $2,500 per year, if the officer has at least 10 but less than 12
  years of creditable service;
  `(3) $3,000 per year, if the officer has at least 12 but less than 14
  years of creditable service;
  `(4) $4,000 per year, if the officer has at least 14 but less than 18
  years of creditable service; or
  `(5) $5,000 per year, if the officer has 18 or more years of creditable
  service.
  `(c) ARMY, NAVY, AND AIR FORCE PODIATRISTS- The Secretary of Defense
  may provide special pay at the rates specified in subsection (b) to an
  officer who--
  `(1) is an officer in the Medical Services Corps of the Army or Navy or
  a biomedical sciences officer in the Air Force;
  `(2) is designated as a podiatrist; and
  `(3) has been awarded a Certificate as a Diplomate in a special area of
  practice approved by the Council on Podiatric Medical Education of the
  American Podiatric Medical Association.'.
  (b) CLERICAL AMENDMENTS- The table of sections to chapter 5 of title 37,
  United States Code, is amended by adding after the item relating to section
  302e of such title the following new item:
`302f. Special pay: podiatrists.'.
Part C--Travel and Transportation Allowances
SEC. 621. TRAVEL AND TRANSPORTATION ALLOWANCES FOR PERSONS DISCHARGED OR
RELEASED FROM ACTIVE DUTY
  (a) ALLOWANCES FOR MEMBERS- Section 404(c) of title 37, United States Code,
  is amended to read as follows:
  `(c)(1) Under uniform regulations prescribed by the Secretaries concerned and
  as provided in paragraph (2) of this subsection, a member who is entitled to
  travel and transportation allowances under subsection (a) of this section
  by reason of an event described in paragraph (3) of such subsection may
  select his home for the purposes of such paragraph (3). Any such selection
  shall be made by the member within one year after such event. The authority
  of a member to make a selection under this paragraph shall be subject to
  such exceptions as the Secretaries concerned may prescribe in regulations.
  `(2) If a member is entitled to travel and transportation allowances under
  subsection (a) by reason of an event described in paragraph (3) of that
  subsection and such member selects as his home a place outside the United
  States, other than the place outside the United States from which the member
  was called or ordered to active duty to his first duty station, the travel
  and transportation allowances authorized by subsection (a) may not exceed
  the lesser of (A) the allowances payable for travel and transportation to
  the place outside the United States selected by the member as his home, or
  (B) the allowances payable for travel and transportation to the most distant
  place within the United States that the member may select as his home.'.
  (b) ALLOWANCES FOR DEPENDENTS AND BAGGAGE AND HOUSEHOLD EFFECTS- Section
  406 of such title is amended--
  (1) in subsection (a)(2)(B)--
  (A) by striking out `or' at the end of clause (iii);
  (B) by redesignating clause (iv) as clause (v); and
  (C) by inserting after clause (iii) the following new clause (iv):
  `(iv) who, under conditions prescribed by the Secretaries concerned, is
  involuntarily discharged or released from active duty or is not accepted
  for an additional tour of active duty for which the member volunteered; or';
  (2) in subsection (d), by striking out clause (2) of the fourth sentence
  and inserting in lieu thereof the following:
  `(2) is retired with pay under any other law or, under conditions prescribed
  by the Secretaries concerned, is involuntarily discharged or released from
  active duty or is not accepted for an additional tour of active duty for
  which the member volunteered.'; and
  (3) in subsection (g)(1), by striking out clause (B) and inserting in lieu
  thereof the following:
  `(B) is retired with pay under any other law or, under conditions prescribed
  by the Secretaries concerned, is involuntarily discharged or released from
  active duty, or is not accepted for an additional tour of active duty for
  which the member volunteered;'.
  (c) EFFECTIVE DATE- The amendments made by subsections (a) and (b) shall
  apply to travel and transportation commenced after September 30, 1990.
SEC. 622. REVIVAL OF AUTHORITY TO PAY MEMBERS FOR LABOR FURNISHED IN CONNECTION
WITH THE TRANSPORTATION OF BAGGAGE AND HOUSEHOLD GOODS
  (a) IN GENERAL-  Subsection (b) of section 614 of the Department of Defense
  Authorization Act, 1986 (37 U.S.C. 406 note) is repealed. The amendments
  made by subsection (a) of that section are hereby revived effective on
  the date of the enactment of this Act.
  (b) PROHIBITION ON RETROACTIVE PAYMENTS- No allowance may be paid to any
  member of a uniformed service by virtue of subsection (a) in connection
  with the transportation of any baggage or household effects of the member
  before the date of the enactment of this Act.
SEC. 623. AUTHORITY TO FURNISH TRANSPORTATION IN CERTAIN AREAS OUTSIDE THE
UNITED STATES
  (a) AUTHORITY TO FURNISH TRANSPORTATION- Chapter 157 of title 10, United
  States Code, is amended by inserting after section 2636 the following
  new section:
`Sec. 2637. Transportation in certain areas outside the United States
  `The Secretary of Defense may authorize the commander of a unified
  combatant command to use Government owned or leased vehicles to provide
  transportation in an area outside the United States for members of the
  uniformed services and Federal civilian employees under the jurisdiction
  of that commander, and to the dependents of such members and employees,
  when public or private transportation in such area is unsafe or not
  available. Transportation provided under this section shall be provided
  in accordance with regulations prescribed by the Secretary of Defense.'.
  (b) TECHNICAL AMENDMENTS- The table of sections at the beginning of such
  chapter is amended by inserting after the item relating to section 2636
  the following new item:
`2637. Transportation in certain areas outside the United States.'.
  (c) CONFORMING AMENDMENTS- Section 1344(c) of title 31, United States Code,
  is amended--
  (1) by striking out `or' after `1956' and inserting in lieu thereof a
  comma; and
  (2) by striking out the period at the end and inserting in lieu thereof
  `, or section 2637 of title 10.'.
SEC. 624. BAGGAGE AND HOUSEHOLD WEIGHT ALLOWANCE FOR CADETS AND MIDSHIPMEN
  (a) IN GENERAL- Section 406(b)(1) of title 37, United States Code, is
  amended by adding at the end the following new subparagraph:
  `(E) Under regulations prescribed by the Secretary of Defense, cadets at
  the United States Military Academy and the United States Air Force Academy,
  and midshipmen at the United States Naval Academy shall be entitled, in
  connection with a change of temporary or permanent station, to transportation
  of baggage and household effects as provided in subparagraph (A) of this
  paragraph. The weight allowance for such cadets and midshipmen shall be
  350 pounds.'.
  (b) EFFECTIVE DATE- The amendment made by subsection (a) shall be applicable
  to baggage and household effects transported after September 30, 1990.
Part D--Other Benefits
SEC. 631. PERMANENT EXTENSION OF PROGRAM TO REIMBURSE MEMBERS OF THE ARMED
FORCES FOR ADOPTION EXPENSES
  (a) CODIFICATION- (1) Chapter 53 of title 10, United States Code, is
  amended by adding at the end the following new section:
`Sec. 1056. Reimbursement for adoption expenses
  `(a) AUTHORIZATION TO REIMBURSE- The Secretary of Defense shall carry out a
  program under which a member of the armed forces under the jurisdiction of
  the Secretary may be reimbursed, as provided in this section, for qualifying
  adoption expenses incurred by the member in the adoption of a child under
  18 years of age.
  `(b) ADOPTIONS COVERED- An adoption for which expenses may be reimbursed
  under this section includes an adoption by a single person, an infant
  adoption, an intercountry adoption, and an adoption of a child with
  special needs (as defined in section 473(c) of the Social Security Act
  (42 U.S.C. 673(c)).
  `(c) BENEFITS PAID AFTER ADOPTION IS FINAL- Benefits paid under this section
  in the case of an adoption may be paid only after the adoption is final.
  `(d) TREATMENT OF OTHER BENEFITS- A benefit may not be paid under this
  section for any expense paid to or for a member of the armed forces under any
  other adoption benefits program and administered by the Federal Government
  or under any such program administered by a State or local government.
  `(e) LIMITATIONS- (1) Not more than $2,000 may be paid to a member of the
  armed forces under this section for expenses incurred in the adoption of
  a child.
  `(2) Not more than $5,000 may be paid to a member of the armed forces
  under this section for adoptions by such member in any calendar year.
  `(f) REGULATIONS- The Secretary of Defense shall prescribe regulations to
  carry out this section.
  `(g) DEFINITIONS- In this section:
  `(1) The term `qualifying adoption expenses' means reasonable and necessary
  expenses that are directly related to the legal adoption of a child under
  18 years of age, but only if such adoption is arranged--
  `(A) by a State or local government agency which has responsibility under
  State or local law for child placement through adoption;
  `(B) by a nonprofit, voluntary adoption agency which is authorized by
  State or local law to place children for adoption; or
  `(C) through a private placement.
  `(2) The term `qualifying adoption expenses' does not include any expense
  incurred--
  `(A) for any travel performed outside the United States by an adopting
  parent, unless such travel--
  `(i) is required by law as a condition of a legal adoption in the country of
  the child's origin, or is otherwise necessary for the purpose of qualifying
  for the adoption of a child;
  `(ii) is necessary for the purpose of assessing the health and status of
  the child to be adopted; or
  `(iii) is necessary for the purpose of escorting the child to be adopted
  to the United States or the place where the adopting member of the armed
  forces is stationed; or
  `(B) in connection with an adoption arranged in violation of Federal,
  State, or local law.
  `(3) The term `reasonable and necessary expenses' includes--
  `(A) public and private agency fees, including adoption fees charged by
  an agency in a foreign country;
  `(B) placement fees, including fees charged adoptive parents for counseling;
  `(C) legal fees, including court costs;
  `(D) medical expenses, including hospital expenses of a newborn infant,
  for medical care furnished the adopted child before the adoption, and for
  physical examinations for the adopting parents;
  `(E) expenses relating to pregnancy and childbirth for the biological
  mother, including counseling, transportation, and maternity home costs;
  `(F) temporary foster care charges when payment of such charges is required
  to be made immediately before the child's placement; and
  `(G) except as provided in paragraph (2)(A), transportation expenses
  relating to the adoption.'.
  (2) The table of sections at the beginning of such chapter is amended by
  adding at the end the following new item:
`1056. Reimbursement for adoption expenses.'.
  (b) CONFORMING AMENDMENTS FOR COAST GUARD- (1) Chapter 13 of title 14, United
  States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new section:
`Sec. 514. Reimbursement for adoption expenses
  `(a) AUTHORIZATION TO REIMBURSE- The Secretary shall carry out a program
  under which a member of the Coast Guard may be reimbursed, as provided in
  this section, for qualifying adoption expenses incurred by the member in
  the adoption of a child under 18 years of age.
  `(b) ADOPTIONS COVERED- An adoption for which expenses may be reimbursed
  under this section includes an adoption by a single person, an infant
  adoption, an intercountry adoption, and an adoption of a child with
  special needs (as defined in section 473(c) of the Social Security Act
  (42 U.S.C. 673(c)).
  `(c) BENEFITS PAID AFTER ADOPTION IS FINAL- Benefits paid under this section
  in the case of an adoption may be paid only after the adoption is final.
  `(d) TREATMENT OF OTHER BENEFITS- A benefit may not be paid under this
  section for any expense paid to or for a member of the armed forces under any
  other adoption benefits program and administered by the Federal Government
  or under any such program administered by a State or local government.
  `(e) LIMITATIONS- (1) Not more than $2,000 may be paid to a member of the
  armed forces under this section for expenses incurred in the adoption of
  a child.
  `(2) Not more than $5,000 may be paid to a member of the armed forces
  under this section for adoptions by such member in any calendar year.
  `(f) REGULATIONS- The Secretary shall prescribe regulations to carry out
  this section.
  `(g) DEFINITIONS- In this section:
  `(1) The term `qualifying adoption expenses' means reasonable and necessary
  expenses that are directly related to the legal adoption of a child under
  18 years of age, but only if such adoption is arranged--
  `(A) by a State or local government agency which has responsibility under
  State or local law for child placement through adoption;
  `(B) by a nonprofit, voluntary adoption agency which is authorized by
  State or local law to place children for adoption; or
  `(C) through a private placement.
  `(2) The term `qualifying adoption expenses' does not include any expense
  incurred--
  `(A) for any travel performed outside the United States by an adopting
  parent, unless such travel--
  `(i) is required by law as a condition of a legal adoption in the country of
  the child's origin, or is otherwise necessary for the purpose of qualifying
  for the adoption of a child;
  `(ii) is necessary for the purpose of assessing the health and status of
  the child to be adopted; or
  `(iii) is necessary for the purpose of escorting the child to be adopted
  to the United States or the place where the adopting member of the armed
  forces is stationed; or
  `(B) in connection with an adoption arranged in violation of Federal,
  State, or local law.
  `(3) The term `reasonable and necessary expenses' includes--
  `(A) public and private agency fees, including adoption fees charged by
  an agency in a foreign country;
  `(B) placement fees, including fees charged adoptive parents for counseling;
  `(C) legal fees, including court costs;
  `(D) medical expenses, including hospital expenses of a newborn infant,
  for medical care furnished the adopted child before the adoption, and for
  physical examinations for the adopting parents;
  `(E) expenses relating to pregnancy and childbirth for the biological
  mother, including counseling, transportation, and maternity home costs;
  `(F) temporary foster care charges when payment of such charges is required
  to be made immediately before the child's placement; and
  `(G) except as provided in paragraph (2)(A), transportation expenses
  relating to the adoption.'.
  (2) The table of sections at the beginning of such chapter is amended by
  adding at the end the following new item:
`514. Reimbursement for adoption expenses.'.
Part E--Transition Assistance for Persons Involuntarily Discharged or Released
From Active Duty
SEC. 641. SEPARATION PAY
  (a) AUTHORITY FOR SEPARATION PAY FOR REGULAR ENLISTED MEMBERS- Section
  1174 of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
  (1) by inserting `REGULAR OFFICERS- (1)' in subsection (a) after `(a)';
  (2) by redesignating subsection (b) as paragraph (2) of subsection (a); and
  (3) by inserting after subsection (a) the following new subsection (b):
  `(b) REGULAR ENLISTED MEMBERS- (1) A regular enlisted member of an armed
  force who is discharged involuntarily or as the result of the denial of
  the reenlistment of the member and who has completed five or more, but less
  than 20, years of active service immediately before that discharge and who
  is serving on a second or subsequent enlistment in a regular component of
  an armed force is entitled to separation pay computed under subsection
  (d) unless the Secretary concerned determines that the conditions under
  which the member is discharged do not warrant payment of such pay.
  `(2) Separation pay of an enlisted member shall be computed under clause
  (1) of subsection (d), except that such pay shall be computed under clause
  (2) of such subsection in the case of a member who is discharged under
  criteria prescribed by the Secretary of Defense.'.
  (b) REPEAL OF LIMITATION ON AMOUNT OF SEPARATION PAY- (1) Subsection (d)
  of such section is amended--
  (A) in clause (1), by striking out `or $30,000, whichever is less'; and
  (B) in clause (2), by striking out `, but in no event more than $15,000'.
  (2) Subsection (g) of such section is amended--
  (A) by striking out `(1)' after `(g)'; and
  (B) by striking out paragraph (2).
  (c) EFFECTIVE DATE- Subsection (b) of section 1174 of title 10, United States
  Code, as added by subsection (a), and the amendments made by subsection (b),
  shall apply with respect to a member of the Armed Forces who is discharged,
  or released from active duty, after September 30, 1990.
  (d) CONFORMING CROSS-REFERENCE AMENDMENTS- (1) Section 1186(c) of title
  10, United States Code, is amended by striking out `section 1174(b)'
  and inserting in lieu thereof `section 1174(a)(2)'.
  (2) Section 6383(h) of such title is amended by striking out `section
  1174(a)' and inserting in lieu thereof `section 1174(a)(1)'.
  (e) TECHNICAL AMENDMENTS- (1) Subsection (a)(1) of section 1174 of such
  title (as amended by subsection (a) of this section) is further amended--
  (A) by striking out `or release'; and
  (B) by striking out `, under section 564' and all that follows through
  `Management Act' and inserting in lieu thereof `or under section 564 or
  6383 of this title'.
  (2) Subsection (c)(1) of such section is amended by striking out `after
  September 14, 1981,'.
  (f) STYLISTIC AMENDMENTS- Section 1174 of such title is further amended--
  (1) by inserting `OTHER MEMBERS- ' in subsection (c) after `(c)';
  (2) by inserting `AMOUNT OF SEPARATION PAY- ' in subsection (d) after `(d)';
  (3) by inserting `EXCEPTIONS TO ELIGIBILITY- ' in subsection (e) after `(e)';
  (4) by inserting `COUNTING FRACTIONAL YEARS OF SERVICE- ' in subsection
  (f) after `(f)';
  (5) by inserting `COORDINATION WITH OTHER SEPARATION OR SEVERANCE PAY
  BENEFITS- ' in subsection (g) after `(g)';
  (6) by inserting `COORDINATION WITH RETIRED OR RETAINER PAY AND DISABILITY
  COMPENSATION- ' in subsection (h) after `(h)'; and
  (7) by inserting `REGULATIONS; CREDITING OF OTHER COMMISSIONED SERVICE-
  ' in subsection (1) after `(i)'.
SEC. 642. EXTENDED MEDICAL CARE
  (a) AMENDMENT TO CHAPTER 55 OF TITLE 10- Chapter 55 of title 10, United
  States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new section:
`Sec. 1105. Temporary health coverage for persons involuntarily discharged
or released from active duty
  `(a) IN GENERAL- Subject to subsection (c), the Secretary concerned
  shall pay, in the case of any member who is involuntarily discharged
  or released from active duty and who has completed two or more years of
  continuous service, the health insurance premiums for health insurance
  provided on a voluntary basis to members of the uniformed services upon
  their discharge or release from active duty for the month in which such
  member is discharged or released and the first six months following the
  month in which such member is discharged or released.
  `(b) COVERAGE- The health insurance provided under this section shall cover
  the member involuntarily discharged or released and the dependents of such
  member. The Secretary of Defense shall develop a program to ensure that
  coverage for health conditions existing before the date of the discharge or
  release is provided for one year after the date of discharge or release if
  the coverage is not included in the health insurance coverage provided under
  subsection (a). The coverage provided under this subsection shall include
  coverage for pregnancy if the pregnancy existed before the involuntary
  discharge or release of the person concerned.
  `(c) ELIGIBILITY EXCEPTIONS- The Secretary concerned may withhold the
  benefits of this section in the case of any person involuntarily discharged
  or released from active duty if, under standards and procedures prescribed
  by the Secretary of Defense, the Secretary concerned determines that the
  conditions under which the person is discharged or released do not warrant
  such benefits.
  `(d) EXPIRATION OF AUTHORITY- The Secretary concerned may not pay the
  premiums for health insurance under this section in the case of any person
  involuntarily discharged or released from active duty after September
  30, 1995.
  `(e) DEFINITION- In this section, the term `member involuntarily discharged
  or released' includes a member not accepted for an additional tour of
  active duty for which the member volunteered. Such term does not include
  a member who (1) is discharged from active duty at the member's request,
  (2) is released from active duty for training, or (3) upon discharge
  or release from active duty, is immediately eligible for retired pay or
  retainer pay based on the member's active service.'.
  (b) TECHNICAL AMENDMENT- The table of sections at the beginning of such
  chapter is amended by adding at the end the following new item:
`1105. Temporary health coverage for persons involuntarily discharged or
released from active duty.'.
SEC. 643. EDUCATIONAL BENEFITS FOR PERSONS INVOLUNTARILY DISCHARGED OR
RELEASED FROM ACTIVE DUTY
  (a) ELIGIBILITY FOR BENEFITS UNDER THE MONTGOMERY G.I. BILL AND THE
  POST-VIETNAM ERA VETERANS EDUCATIONAL ASSISTANCE PROGRAM- Chapter 30 of
  title 38, United States Code, is amended by inserting after section 1419
  the following new section:
`Sec. 1420. Eligibility of persons involuntarily discharged or released from
active duty
  `(a)(1) An individual described in paragraph (2) who is discharged
  or released from active duty under the conditions described in section
  1411(a)(1)(A)(ii)(III) of this title, or is denied reenlistment by reason
  of a reduction in force described in such section, on or after the date
  of the enactment of this section shall be entitled, as provided in this
  section, to basic educational assistance benefits under this chapter.
  `(2) An individual referred to in paragraph (1) is an individual who--
  `(A) made an election under section 1411(c)(1) of this title not to
  receive educational assistance under this chapter or who has not completed
  the minimum period of service required for entitlement to 36 months of
  educational assistance benefits under this chapter; or
  `(B) was eligible to participate in the educational benefits program under
  chapter 32 of this title.
  `(b)(1) Subject to paragraph (2), an individual described in subsection
  (a) of this section shall be entitled to 36 months of basic educational
  assistance under this chapter (or the equivalent in part-time benefits).
  `(2) To become entitled to the basic educational assistance provided for
  under this chapter an individual referred to in subsection (a) of this
  section must--
  `(A) be discharged with an honorable discharge, or released from active
  duty after service characterized as honorable by the Secretary concerned;
  `(B) before discharge or release, elect to receive assistance under
  this section pursuant to procedures which the Secretary of each military
  department shall establish in accordance with regulations prescribed by
  the Secretary of Defense; and
  `(C) pay to the Secretary of Defense the amount determined under paragraph
  (3) of this subsection.
  `(3)(A) An individual referred to in subsection (a)(2)(A) of this section
  shall be required to pay to the Secretary of Defense an amount equal to the
  difference, if any, between $1,200 and the amount by which the individual's
  basic pay was reduced under section 1411(b) of this title.
  `(B) An individual referred to in subsection (a)(2)(B) of this section who
  did not elect to enroll in the educational benefits program under chapter
  32 of this title shall be required to pay $1,200 to the Secretary of Defense.
  `(C) An individual referred to in subsection (a)(2)(B) of this section
  who elected to enroll in the educational benefits program under chapter 32
  of this title but contributed less than $1,200 under section 1622 of this
  title shall be required to pay to the Secretary of Defense an amount equal
  to the difference between $1,200 and the amount the individual contributed
  under section 1622 of this title.
  `(D) If an individual referred to in subsection (a)(2)(B) of this section
  elects to receive benefits under this section and the amount the individual
  contributed under section 1622 of this title was in excess of $1,200,
  the Secretary shall refund to the individual an amount equal to the
  difference between $1,200 and the amount contributed by the individual
  under that section.
  `(c) An individual who becomes eligible for benefits under this chapter
  by virtue of this section shall not be eligible for benefits under chapter
  32 of this title except as provided in subsection (d) of this section.
  `(d) Any contribution made by the Secretary of Defense to the Post-Vietnam
  Era Veterans Education Account pursuant to subsection (c) of section 1622
  of this title on behalf of an individual who enrolled in the educational
  benefits program under chapter 32 of this title and who makes the election
  described in subsection (b)(2)(B) of this section shall remain in such
  account to make payments of benefits to such individual under section
  1415(e) of this title.
  `(e) The Secretary shall prescribe such regulations as may be necessary
  to carry out effectively this section and to administer the provisions
  under this section in the case of individuals described in subsection (a)
  of this section in the same manner, to the maximum extent practicable, as
  the provisions of this chapter are administered in the case of individuals
  otherwise eligible for basic educational assistance benefits under this
  chapter.'.
  (b) CONFORMING AMENDMENTS- (1) Section 1415 of such title is amended--
  (A) in subsection (b), by striking out `or 1418' and inserting in lieu
  thereof `, 1418, or 1420'; and
  (B) by adding at the end the following new subsection:
  `(e) In the case of an individual referred to in section 1420(d) of this
  title, the Secretary shall increase the rate of the basic educational
  assistance allowance applicable to such individual in excess of the rate
  provided under subsection (a) or (b) of this section in a manner consistent
  with, as determined by the Secretary of Defense, the agreement entered into
  with such individual under chapter 32 of this title pursuant to the rules
  and regulations issued by the Secretary of Defense under section 1622(c)
  of this title.'.
  (2) Section 1435(b) of such title is amended--
  (A) in paragraph (1), by striking out `paragraph (2)' and inserting in
  lieu thereof `paragraphs (2) and (3)'; and
  (B) by adding at the end the following:
  `(3) Payment for entitlements established under section 1420 of this chapter
  shall be made from such Department of Defense Education Benefits Fund,
  from appropriations made to the Department of Transportation, or from
  the Post-Vietnam Era Veterans Education Account established pursuant to
  section 1622(a) of this title, as appropriate.'.
  (c) CLERICAL AMENDMENT- The table of sections at the beginning of chapter
  30 of such title is amended by inserting after the item relating to section
  1419 the following new item:
`1420. Eligibility of persons involuntarily discharged or released from
active duty.'.
SEC. 644. PROGRAM TO FURNISH EMPLOYMENT AND TRAINING INFORMATION AND
SERVICES TO MEMBERS OF THE ARMED FORCES BEING INVOLUNTARILY SEPARATED FROM
THE ARMED FORCES
  (a) PROGRAM ESTABLISHED- The Secretary of Defense (hereafter in this section
  referred to as the `Secretary'), in consultation with the Secretary of
  Labor, the Secretary of Veterans Affairs, and the heads of other appropriate
  departments and agencies of the Federal Government, shall conduct a program
  to furnish employment, education, and other information and services to
  members of the Armed Forces during the 180 days before such members are
  involuntarily separated from the Armed Forces.
  (b) PROGRAM SERVICES- (1) The program referred to in this section shall
  assist members being involuntarily separated from the Armed Forces in
  assimilating to civilian life.
  (2) In conducting the program referred to in this section, the Secretary
  shall--
  (A) provide to members being involuntarily separated from active duty, and
  to spouses of such members, job-search, job-interview, and resume-preparation
  training and job referral services;
  (B) in cooperation with the Secretary of Labor, establish procedures to
  release the names of such members and spouses of such members, with the
  consent of such members and spouses, to civilian employers, organizations,
  and entities to assist such members and spouses in locating civilian
  employment opportunities;
  (C) assist such members in obtaining verification and certification of
  job skills acquired during military service for use in seeking civilian
  employment;
  (D) provide counseling and assistance to such members in the procurement of
  loans and grants from the Small Business Administration and other Federal,
  State, and local agencies;
  (E) provide information relating to the area of relocation chosen by such
  members, including--
  (i) the cost and availability of housing;
  (ii) employment opportunities for such members and the spouses of such
  members;
  (iii) opportunities for such members for service in reserve components of
  the Armed Forces or in the National Guard;
  (iv) educational opportunities for such members and the families of such
  members;
  (v) the cost and availability of child care;
  (vi) the cost and availability of medical care; and
  (vii) other living costs;
  (F) cooperate with military and veterans service organizations and other
  appropriate organizations in promoting and publicizing job fairs for such
  members; and
  (G) establish permanent employment assistance centers at appropriate
  military installations that would provide follow-up services to such members.
  (c) BRIEFING FOR INVOLUNTARILY SEPARATED MEMBERS- (1) Within 180 days
  before a member is involuntarily separated from the Armed Forces, the
  Secretary shall--
  (A) notify the member of the date of the member's separation; and
  (B) brief the member regarding the availability of retirement benefits,
  medical benefits, civilian employment, job preference for veterans,
  veterans' reemployment rights, benefits under the Montgomery G.I. Bill,
  and services under the program referred to in subsection (b).
  (2) In providing the briefing referred to in paragraph (1)(B) to a member,
  the Secretary shall--
  (A) give the briefing during the member's normal duty hours;
  (B) permit the spouse of the member to attend the briefing; and
  (C) provide child care services at a reasonable cost to allow the attendance
  of the member and the member's spouse.
  (3) The briefings referred to in paragraph (1)(B) shall be conducted by
  persons who are well qualified by virtue of their education, training,
  and experience to conduct such briefings, and the Secretary shall take
  steps to ensure that, with respect to benefits and services administered
  by the Department of Veterans Affairs or the Department of Labor, the
  content of the briefing is approved by the Secretary of Veterans Affairs
  or the Secretary of Labor, as appropriate.
  (4) The Secretary shall take reasonable actions to identify members of the
  Armed Forces who are to be involuntarily separated in order to furnish each
  such member the notification and briefing under paragraph (1) as early in
  the 180-day period referred to in such paragraph as is practicable.
  (d) PROGRAM SUPPORT AND COORDINATION- (1) To the extent otherwise authorized
  by law, the Secretary may utilize disabled veterans' outreach program
  specialists, local veterans' employment representatives, other employment
  service personnel, and representatives of veterans' service organizations
  to furnish the employment and training information and services under
  the program.
  (2) The Secretary may enter into contracts with public or private entities,
  including other departments and agencies of the Federal Government, to
  furnish the information and services referred to in subsection (b).
  (3) In order to avoid duplication of services and to provide for the most
  effective utilization of Federal resources at military installations, when
  a program of employment and training information is being carried out under
  section 408 of the Veterans' Benefits Amendments of 1989 (38 U.S.C. 2000
  note), the Secretary shall coordinate the provision of services and briefings
  under this section with activities carried out under such employment and
  training information program at each such installation and provide such
  services and briefings through that employment and training information,
  to the maximum extent feasible, in consultation and cooperation with the
  Secretary of Labor and the Secretary of Veterans Affairs.
  (e) REPORT- Not later than one year after the program provided for in
  this section is initiated, the Secretary shall transmit to the Committees
  on Armed Services and on Veterans Affairs of the Senate and the House
  of Representatives a report on the effectiveness of the program in
  furnishing employment and training information and services to members
  being involuntarily separated from the Armed Forces.
  (f) INVOLUNTARY SEPARATION OF CERTAIN MEMBERS STATIONED OUTSIDE THE
  UNITED STATES- In preparation for the discharge or release from active
  duty of members of the Armed Forces who are stationed outside the United
  States and whose dependents were permitted to accompany such members, the
  Secretary shall, to the maximum extent practicable, reassign the member
  and the member's accompanying dependents to the United States for the
  final three to six months of the member's tour of active duty.
  (g) COMMITTEE ON COOPERATION BY CIVILIAN EMPLOYEES- The Congress urges and
  requests the President to establish a special committee to report to the
  Congress, the President, and the Secretary regarding effective and practical
  means of encouraging civilian employers to cooperate with and assist the
  Federal Government in providing employment training and job placement
  services to members being involuntarily separated from the Armed Forces.
  (h) DEFINITION- A member of the Army, Navy, Air Force, or Marine Corps
  shall be considered to be involuntarily separated for purposes of this
  title if the member was on active duty or full-time National Guard duty
  on September 30, 1990, and--
  (1) in the case of a regular officer (other than a retired officer), the
  officer is involuntarily discharged under other than adverse conditions,
  as characterized by the Secretary concerned;
  (2) in the case of a reserve officer who is on the active-duty list or, if
  not on the active-duty list, is on active duty (or in the case of a member
  of the National Guard, full-time National Guard duty) for the purpose of
  organizing, administering, recruiting, instructing, or training the reserve
  components, the officer is involuntarily discharged or released from active
  duty or full-time National Guard duty under other than adverse conditions,
  as characterized by the Secretary concerned, or was not accepted for an
  additional tour of active duty or full-time National Guard duty for which
  the officer volunteered (other than a release from active duty or full-time
  National Guard duty incident to a transfer to retired status);
  (3) in the case of a regular enlisted member serving on active duty,
  the member is (A) denied reenlistment, or (B) involuntarily discharged
  under other than adverse conditions, as characterized by the Secretary
  concerned; or
  (4) in the case of a reserve enlisted member who is on full-time active duty
  (or in the case of a member of the National Guard, full-time National Guard
  duty) for the purpose of organizing, administering, recruiting, instructing,
  or training the reserve components, the member is (A) denied reenlistment,
  or (B) involuntarily discharged or released from active duty (or full-time
  National Guard) under other than adverse conditions, as characterized by
  the Secretary concerned.
SEC. 645. REPEAL OF LIMITATIONS ON PAYMENT OF UNEMPLOYMENT COMPENSATION FOR
FEDERAL SERVICE
  (a) REPEAL- Subsection (c) of section 8521 of title 5, United States Code,
  is repealed.
  (b) EFFECTIVE DATE- The repeal made by subsection (a) shall apply to weeks
  of unemployment beginning after September 30, 1990.
TITLE VII--HEALTH CARE PROVISIONS
SEC. 701. LIMITATION ON REDUCTIONS IN MEDICAL PERSONNEL
  (a) LIMITATION ON REDUCTION- No reduction may be made in the number
  of medical personnel in any category of medical personnel serving on
  active duty in the Armed Forces or in the Selected Reserve of the reserve
  components of the Armed Forces below the number so serving on September 30,
  1989, unless the Secretary of Defense--
  (1) certifies to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the
  House of Representatives that the number of such personnel being reduced
  is excess to the current and projected needs of the military departments, and
  (2) includes in the certification the information specified in subsection
  (b).
  (b) INFORMATION REQUIRED- A certification made by the Secretary of Defense
  in compliance with subsection (a) shall include the following:
  (1) The strength levels for the individual category of medical personnel
  involved in the reduction as of September 30, 1989.
  (2) The requirements of the individual category of medical personnel
  involved in the reduction as of September 30, 1989.
  (3) The projected requirements of the Department of Defense over the
  five fiscal years following the fiscal year in which the certification
  is submitted for medical personnel in the category of medical personnel
  involved in the reduction.
  (4) The strength level recommended for each component of the Armed Forces for
  the most recent fiscal year for which the Secretary submitted recommendations
  pursuant to section 115(b)(1)(D) of title 10, United States Code, for
  personnel in the category of medical personnel involved in the reduction.
  (c) DEFINITIONS- As used in this section, the term `medical personnel'
  has the same meaning provided such term in section 115(b)(1)(D) of title
  10, United States Code.
SEC. 702. AUTHORITY TO RECOVER FROM THIRD PARTY PAYERS THE REASONABLE COSTS
FOR HEALTH CARE SERVICES INCURRED ON BEHALF OF RETIRED PERSONS AND DEPENDENTS
  (a)  IN GENERAL- (1) Subsections (a)(1), (a)(2), (c), (f), and (g)
  of section 1095 of title 10, United States Code, are each amended by
  striking out `inpatient hospital care' and inserting in lieu thereof
  `health care services'.
  (2) Subsection (f) of such section is further amended--
  (A) by striking out `or' at the end of clause (1);
  (B) by redesignating clause (2) as clause (4); and
  (C) by inserting after clause (1) the following new clauses:
  `(2) diagnosis-related groups;
  `(3) all-inclusive per visit rates; or'.
  (b) TECHNICAL AMENDMENTS- (1) The section heading of such section 1095 of
  such title is amended to read as follows:
`Sec. 1095. Collection from third-party payers of reasonable costs for health
care services incurred on behalf of retirees and dependents'.
  (2) The table of sections at the beginning of chapter 55 of such title is
  amended by striking out the item relating to section 1095 and inserting
  in lieu thereof the following:
`1095. Collection from third-party payers of reasonable costs for health
care services incurred on behalf of retirees and dependents'.
  (c) TECHNICAL CORRECTION- (1) Section 1622(e)(5) of the National Defense
  Authorization Act for Fiscal Years 1990 and 1991 (Public Law 101-189;
  103 Stat. 1605) is amended by striking out `1095(g)' and inserting in lieu
  thereof `1095(h) (as redesignated by section 727(a)(1) of this Act).'.
  (2) The amendment made by paragraph (1) shall be executed as if included
  in such Act and shall take effect as of November 29, 1989.
  (d) EFFECTIVE DATE- The amendments made by subsection (a) shall apply to
  health care services provided beginning with the fiscal year following
  the fiscal year in which this Act is enacted, except that payment shall
  not be required in the case of any insurance, medical service, or health
  plan agreement that was not entered into, amended, or renewed on or after
  the date of the enactment of this Act and that clearly excludes payment
  for such services.
SEC. 703. REPEAL OF PROHIBITION ON PAYMENT FOR SERVICES OF PASTORAL COUNSELORS,
FAMILY AND CHILD COUNSELORS, AND MARITAL COUNSELORS AS A MEDICAL EXPENSE
  (a) REPEAL OF PROHIBITION- Section 1079 of title 10, United States Code,
  is amended--
  (1) in subsection (a)--
  (A) by striking out clause (8); and
  (B) by redesignating clauses (9) through (15) as clauses (8) through (14),
  respectively; and
  (2) by adding at the end the following new subsection:
  `(n) The administering Secretaries shall prescribe regulations, including
  certification and credentialing requirements, to govern the payment for
  services of pastoral counselors, family and child counselors, and marital
  counselors.'.
  (b) EFFECTIVE DATE- (1) The amendment made by subsection (a) shall take
  effect October 1, 1990.
  (2) No payment may be made under section 1079(a) of title 10, United States
  Code, for the services of pastoral counselors, family and child counselors,
  and marital counselors for any period before October 1, 1990.
SEC. 704. EXTENSION OF TERMINATION DATE FOR FORMER PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE
HOSPITALS
  Section 1252(e) of the Department of Defense Authorization Act, 1984 (42
  U.S.C. 248d(e)), is amended by striking out `1990' and inserting in lieu
  thereof `1994'.
SEC. 705. PROVISION OF PAP SMEARS AND MAMMOGRAMS UNDER CHAMPUS
  (a) CARE AUTHORIZED- Section 1079(a)(2) of title 10, United States Code, is
  amended by inserting before the semicolon the following: `, except that pap
  smears and mammograms may be provided on a diagnostic or preventive basis'.
  (b) EFFECTIVE DATE- The amendment made by subsection (a) shall take effect
  on October 1, 1990, and shall apply to the provision of pap smears and
  mammograms under section 1079 or 1086 of title 10, United States Code,
  on or after that date.
TITLE VIII--ACQUISITION POLICY AND MANAGEMENT
Part A--Defense Industrial and Technology Base
SEC. 801. ANNUAL DEFENSE CRITICAL TECHNOLOGIES PLAN
  (a) INCREASED INFORMATION RELATING TO FUNDING- Section 2508(b) of title 10,
  United States Code, is amended--
  (1) by striking out `and' at the end of paragraph (1);
  (2) by striking out the period at the end of paragraph (2) and inserting
  in lieu thereof a semicolon; and
  (3) by inserting at the end the following new paragraphs:
  `(3) identify each program element (contained in the budget information
  submitted to Congress by the Department of Defense in support of the budget
  submitted by the President pursuant to section 1105(a) of title 31 for
  the first fiscal year covered by the plan) for which funds are budgeted
  for the support of the development of any critical technology identified
  in the plan; and
  `(4) for each such program element--
  `(A) specify the amount included for each critical technology covered by
  the program element; and
  `(B) include a comparison of that amount with the amount, if any, available
  to the Department of Defense for development of such critical technology
  for the fiscal year preceding the first fiscal year covered by the plan.'.
  (b) APPLICABILITY- The amendments made by subsection (a) shall apply to
  annual defense critical technologies plans submitted after March 1, 1991.
SEC. 802. CRITICAL TECHNOLOGIES INSTITUTE
  (a) ESTABLISHMENT- There shall be established a federally funded research
  and development center to be known as the `Critical Technologies Institute'
  (hereafter referred to in this section as the `Institute').
  (b) INCORPORATION- The Institute shall be incorporated as a nonprofit
  membership corporation.
  (c) BOARD OF TRUSTEES- (1) The Institute shall have a Board of Trustees
  (hereafter referred to in this section as the `Board') composed of 21
  members as follows:
  (A) The Director of the Office of Science and Technology Policy, who shall
  be Chairman of the Board.
  (B) The Secretary of Defense, or the Secretary's designee.
  (C) The Secretary of Energy, or the Secretary's designee.
  (D) The Secretary of Health and Human Services, or the Secretary's designee.
  (E) The Secretary of Commerce, or the Secretary's designee.
  (F) The Administrator of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration,
  or the Administrator's designee.
  (G) The Director of the National Science Foundation, or the Director's
  designee.
  (H) Four members appointed by the Director of the Office of Science and
  Technology Policy from among the members of the Federal Coordinating
  Council on Science, Engineering, and Technology (other than members of
  such council named in subparagraphs (B) through (G)).
  (I) Ten members appointed by the members of the Board referred to in
  subparagraphs (A) through (H) from among representatives of industry and
  colleges and universities in the United States.
  (2)(A) The term of service of members of the Board appointed under paragraph
  (1)(H) shall be four years, except that of the four members first appointed,
  one shall be appointed for a term of one year, one shall be appointed for a
  term of two years, one shall be appointed for a term of three years, and one
  shall be appointed for a term of four years, as specified by the Director of
  the Office of Science and Technology Policy at the time of the appointments.
  (B) The term of office for each of the members of the Board appointed
  under paragraph (1)(I) shall be specified by the appointing members of
  the Board at the time of appointment.
  (C) Members of the Board may be reappointed.
  (D) A vacancy in a membership of the Board appointed pursuant to subparagraph
  (H) or (I) of paragraph (1) shall be filled in the same manner as the
  original appointment. A member appointed under this subparagraph shall
  serve for the remainder of the unexpired term of his predecessor.
  (3) The Board shall meet at least twice each year.
  (4)(A) The Board shall have an executive committee composed of the members
  referred to in subparagraphs (A) through (G) of paragraph (1) and six of
  the members appointed pursuant to subparagraph (I) of such paragraph.
  (B) The executive committee shall meet at least six times each year.
  (5) A member of the Board who is an officer or employee of the United States
  may not receive pay for service as a member, other than the pay provided
  for the member's position as an officer or employee of the United States.
  (d) DUTIES OF THE INSTITUTE- The Institute shall--
  (1) survey the views of United States industry, colleges, and universities,
  and Federal and State agencies, involved in research, development, or
  utilization of critical technologies on--
  (A) each critical technology identified in the most recent biennial
  report of the National Critical Technologies Panel established pursuant to
  section 601 of the National Science and Technology Policy, Organization,
  and Priorities Act of 1976 (42 U.S.C. 6681); and
  (B) each technology that the Institute considers critical on the basis of
  its analysis of national and worldwide trends in basic and applied research
  and development;
  (2) on the basis of such views and analysis by Institute personnel--
  (A) identify suitable near-term, mid-term, and long-term national objectives
  for the research, development, and production capability of the United
  States with respect to such technologies; and
  (B) prepare possible strategies for achieving the identified objectives,
  including a discussion of the appropriate roles of industry, colleges and
  universities, and Federal and State agencies; and
  (3) publish reports, as appropriate, discussing--
  (A) such national objectives and strategies; and
  (B) progress in implementing such strategies and achieving such objectives.
  (e) SPONSORSHIP- (1) The Director of the Office of Science and Technology
  shall be the sponsor of the Institute.
  (2) The Director and the Board shall enter into a sponsor agreement
  consistent with the requirements prescribed by the Administrator for Federal
  Procurement Policy that are generally applicable to sponsor agreements.
  (3) The sponsor agreement shall--
  (A) require the Institute to perform such functions for the Office of Science
  and Technology as the Director of that office may specify consistent with
  the requirements of subsection (d); and
  (B) permit the Institute to perform functions for the member agencies of
  the Federal Coordinating Council on Science, Engineering, and Technology
  Policy that are not inconsistent with the effective performance of the
  functions specified by the Director.
  (f) DEADLINE FOR CERTAIN ACTIONS- The Director of the Office of Science
  and Technology Policy shall take such actions as may be necessary to ensure
  that, not later than 90 days after the date of the enactment of this Act--
  (1) the articles of incorporation for the Institute have been appropriately
  filed;
  (2) the corporate bylaws have been adopted;
  (3) the Board members have been identified or appointed, as appropriate;
  (4) the initial officers of the Institute have been elected;
  (5) the first regular business meeting of the Board has been conducted; and
  (6) the sponsor agreement referred to in subsection (e) has been entered
  into.
  (g) FUNDING- (1) Subject to such limitations as may be provided in
  appropriation Acts, the Secretary of Defense shall make available to the
  Institute, out of funds available for the Department of Defense, $5,000,000
  for the first fiscal year in which the Institute begins operations.
  (2) There is authorized to be appropriated for the Institute for each
  fiscal year after the fiscal year referred to in paragraph (1) such sums
  as may be necessary for operation of the Institute.
SEC. 803. MANUFACTURING TECHNOLOGY
  (a) IN GENERAL- Title 10, United States Code, is amended--
  (1) by redesignating chapter 149 as chapter 150;
  (2) by redesignating section 2511 as section 2521; and
  (3) by inserting after chapter 148 the following new chapter:
`CHAPTER 149--MANUFACTURING TECHNOLOGY
`Sec.
`2511. Definitions.
`2512. Management and planning.
`2513. National Defense Manufacturing Technology Plan.
`2514. Joint Manufacturing Technology Project.
`2515. Research and implementation.
`2516. Computer integrated manufacturing technology.
`2517. Concurrent engineering.
`2518. Manufacturing extension programs.
`Sec. 2511. Definitions
  `In this chapter:
  `(1) The term `manufacturing technology' means techniques and processes
  designed to improve manufacturing quality, productivity, and practices,
  including quality control, shop floor management, inventory management
  and worker training, as well as manufacturing equipment and software.
  `(2) The term `manufacturing extension programs' means publicly-chartered
  organizations and services to help modernize small manufacturers through
  research, education and training, and outreach activities.
`Sec. 2512. Management and planning
  `The Secretary of Defense, acting through the Under Secretary of Defense
  for Acquisition, shall--
  `(1) provide centralized Department of Defense policy guidance and direction
  to the military departments and the Defense Agencies on all matters relating
  to manufacturing technology; and
  `(2) direct the development and implementation of Department of Defense
  plans, programs, projects, and policies that promote the development and
  application of advanced technologies to manufacturing processes, tools,
  and equipment.
`Sec. 2513. National Defense Manufacturing Technology Plan
  `(a) The Secretary of Defense, in coordination with the Secretary of Commerce
  and the Secretary of Energy, shall develop and implement a National Defense
  Manufacturing Technology Plan (hereafter in this section referred to as the
  `Plan').
  `(b) The Plan shall--
  `(1) provide guidance to the military departments and Defense Agencies,
  the Department of Energy, the Department of Commerce, and other relevant
  public and private organizations on the goals, priorities, and approaches
  to be taken in the defense manufacturing technology program;
  `(2) provide a link between the defense manufacturing technology program
  and similar and related activities undertaken by government or the private
  sector;
  `(3) analyze the role of manufacturing extension services in--
  `(A) improving the manufacturing quality, productivity, technology, and
  practices of defense industry subtier suppliers; and
  `(B) disseminating to such suppliers such Department of Defense
  manufacturing concepts as best manufacturing practices, product data
  exchange specifications, computer-aided acquisition and logistics support,
  and rapid acquisition of manufactured parts;
  `(4) set forth the role of each Federal agency and department in implementing
  the Plan; and
  `(5) consider and use, as appropriate, reports and studies conducted by
  Federal agencies and departments, the Office of Technology Assessment,
  the National Research Council, the Defense Science Board, industrial
  associations and organizations, and other entities.
`Sec. 2514. Joint Manufacturing Technology Project
  `(a) The Secretary of Defense shall establish, within the Department of
  Defense, a consolidated Joint Manufacturing Technology Project established
  under a lead military department and managed through a program office
  jointly staffed with personnel from the military departments and the
  Defense Agencies.
  `(b) The Director of the Joint Manufacturing Technology Project shall be
  responsible for the planning and execution of all Department of Defense
  activities relating to manufacturing technology except those activities
  specifically delegated to a military department, Defense Agency, or the
  Strategic Defense Initiative Office.
`Sec. 2515. Research and implementation
  `The Secretary of Defense, acting through the Under Secretary of Defense
  for Acquisition, and in coordination with the Secretary of Commerce,
  the Secretary of Energy, and other relevant Federal departments and
  agencies, shall enhance basic research in scientific disciplines relating
  to manufacturing technology--
  `(1) by promoting research on those technologies applicable to improving
  manufacturing processes in colleges and universities in the United States,
  and in associated centers of excellence; and
  `(2) by creating technology transfer and education and training mechanisms
  to ensure that the results of this research are readily available to United
  States industry.
`Sec. 2516. Computer integrated manufacturing technology
  `The Secretary of Defense, acting through the Under Secretary of Defense
  for Acquisition, and in coordination with the Secretary of Commerce and
  the Secretary of Energy, shall promote the use of computer-integrated
  manufacturing in order to improve manufacturing quality, reduce manufacturing
  costs, and reduce production lead times.
`Sec. 2517. Concurrent engineering
  `The Secretary of Defense, acting through the Under Secretary of Defense
  for Acquisition, shall enhance Department of Defense use of concurrent
  engineering practices in the design and development of weapon systems.
`Sec. 2518. Manufacturing extension programs
  `The Secretary of Defense, acting through the Under Secretary of Defense
  for Acquisition, and in coordination with the Secretary of Commerce and
  the Secretary of Energy, shall promote the improvement of the subtier
  defense industry through use of manufacturing extension programs and
  other existing organizations chartered to help small manufacturers for the
  purpose of disseminating such Department of Defense manufacturing concepts
  as best manufacturing practices, product data exchange specification,
  computer-aided acquisition and logistics support, and rapid acquisition
  of manufactured parts.'.
  (b) TECHNICAL AMENDMENTS- (1) The table of chapters at the beginning of
  subtitle A of title 10, United States Code, and the beginning of part IV
  of such subtitle are each amended by striking out the item relating to
  chapter 149 and inserting in lieu thereof the following new items:
2511
2521'.
  (2) The table of sections at the beginning of chapter 150 of such title,
  as redesignated by subsection (a) of this section, is amended by striking
  out the item relating to section 2511 and inserting in lieu thereof the
  following new item:
`2521. Reserve components: supplies, services, and facilities.'.
SEC. 804. NATIONAL DEFENSE LABORATORY AND SMALL BUSINESS TECHNOLOGY
PARTNERSHIPS
  (a) ASSISTANCE FOR MODEL PROGRAMS- If in the administration of the
  Clearinghouse for State and Local Initiatives on Productivity, Technology,
  and Innovation established under section 6 of the Stevenson-Wydler
  Technology Innovation Act of 1980 (15 U.S.C. 3704a), the Secretary
  of Commerce undertakes to develop model programs for national defense
  laboratories as provided in this section, the Secretary of Defense and
  the Secretary of Energy shall assist the Secretary of Commerce in the
  development and conduct of such programs.
  (b) COVERED MODEL PROGRAMS- Model programs referred to in subsection (a)
  shall provide for the cooperation of national defense laboratories with small
  business firms and partnership intermediaries to demonstrate the following:
  (1) The commercial application of technology resulting from federally
  funded research.
  (2) The effective promotion of the use of advanced manufacturing technologies
  in the manufacture of products that have commercial and defense-related
  markets.
  (3) Cooperative relationships between the Federal Government and State
  and local government agencies for the encouragement of economic growth
  through the promotion of commercial applications of technological advances.
  (c) MODEL PROGRAM PARTICIPANTS- (1) Each model program shall involve one
  or more entities from each of the following:
  (A) National defense laboratories.
  (B) Small business firms.
  (C) Partnership intermediaries.
  (2) A model program may also involve colleges and universities in the
  United States and business entities engaged in research and development
  in the United States.
  (d) COOPERATIVE AND JOINT ACTIVITIES- Each model program carried out under
  this section shall provide for one or more national defense laboratories
  and one or more small business firms, pursuant to a cooperative agreement
  entered into by the directors of such laboratories and the heads of
  such small business firms, to engage in cooperative or joint activities
  designed to demonstrate the commercial application of technology referred
  to in paragraph (1) of subsection (b), the use of advanced manufacturing
  technologies referred to in paragraph (2) of such subsection, or both such
  commercial application of technology and such use of advanced manufacturing
  technologies.
  (e) USE OF PARTNERSHIP INTERMEDIARIES- Under a model program, the director
  of a national defense laboratory may--
  (1) enter into a contract or memorandum of understanding with a partnership
  intermediary that provides for the partnership intermediary to perform
  services for the laboratory that increase the likelihood of success in the
  conduct of cooperative or joint activities of such laboratory and one or
  more small business firms; and
  (2) pay the cost of such contract or memorandum of understanding out of
  funds available for the support of the technology transfer function of the
  Department of Defense (in the case of a laboratory of such department) or
  the Department of Energy (in the case of a laboratory of such department)
  pursuant to section 11(b) of the Stevenson-Wydler Technology Innovation
  Act of 1980 (15 U.S.C. 3710(b)).
  (f) REIMBURSEMENT OF SECRETARY OF COMMERCE- The Secretary of Defense or the
  Secretary of Energy, or both, shall, upon the request of the Secretary of
  Commerce, reimburse the Secretary of Commerce for the reasonable expenses
  incurred by the Department of Commerce in carrying out the responsibilities
  of the Secretary of Commerce regarding model programs under this section. The
  total amount of reimbursements paid by the Secretary of Defense and the
  Secretary of Energy under this subsection in any fiscal year may not
  exceed $50,000.
  (g) PARTNERSHIP PROGRESS REPORTS- The Secretary of Commerce shall include
  in each triennial report required by section 6(d) of the Stevenson-Wydler
  Technology Innovation Act of 1980 (15 U.S.C. 3704a(d)) a discussion and
  evaluation of the model programs carried out pursuant to this section
  during the period covered by the report.
  (h) REGULATIONS- The Secretary of Commerce, the Secretary of Defense,
  and the Secretary of Energy shall jointly prescribe regulations for the
  implementation of this section.
  (i) DEFINITIONS- In this section:
  (1) The term `national defense laboratory' means any laboratory, federally
  funded research and development center (FFRDC), or other center established
  under section 6 or 8 of the Stevenson-Wydler Technology Innovation Act
  of 1980 (15 U.S.C. 3705, 3707) that is owned by the Federal Government,
  whether operated by the Federal Government or by a contractor, and--
  (A) is under the jurisdiction of the Secretary of Defense; or
  (B) is under the jurisdiction of the Secretary of Energy, but only if
  the primary function of the laboratory, FFRDC, or other center under the
  Secretary's jurisdiction is to support the national defense activities of
  the Department of Defense or the Department of Energy.
  (2) The term `partnership intermediary' means an agency of a State or local
  government or a nonprofit entity owned in whole or in part by, chartered
  by, funded in whole or in part by, or operated in whole or in part by or
  on behalf of a State or local government that assists, counsels, advises,
  evaluates, or otherwise cooperates with small business firms that need or
  can make demonstrably productive use of technology-related assistance from
  a national defense laboratory.
  (3) The term `small business firm' has the meaning given such term in
  section 4(11) of the Stevenson-Wydler Technology Innovation Act of 1980
  (15 U.S.C. 3703(11)).
SEC. 804A. OTHER TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER MATTERS
  Section 3133(d)(4) of Public Law 101-189 is hereby amended by adding a
  sentence at the conclusion thereof which shall read as follows:
  `Such contract provisions or separate  writing shall: (i) include only
  such provisions as are specifically required by paragraphs (1) and (2)
  of this subsection 3133(d), and such additional provisions as are deemed
  necessary by the head of the agency for the purpose of the implementation of
  this Act but which cannot be effected by the promulgation of regulations,
  the issuance of agency orders, or other similar administrative processes;
  (ii) not condition the entering into of cooperative research and development
  agreements upon the issuance of agency waivers to rights to inventions and
  intellectual property where such issuance is not required by section 12
  of the Stevenson-Wydler Act of 1980; and (iii) not operate to discourage
  the exercise of rights pursuant to other statutes intended to foster
  technology transfer, such as the provisions of section 202 of title 35,
  United States Code.
SEC. 805. INDEPENDENT RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT ENHANCEMENT
  (a) REVISION AND CODIFICATION OF PROVISION RELATING TO PAYMENT OF INDEPENDENT
  RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT COSTS- (1) Chapter 139 of title 10, United States
  Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new section:
`Sec. 2372. Independent research and development
  `(a) The Secretary of Defense shall prescribe regulations governing
  the payment, by the Department of Defense, of independent research and
  development costs or bid and proposal costs.
  `(b) Payment may be made for independent research and development costs or
  bid and proposal costs when work for which payment is made is of potential
  interest to the Department of Defense.
  `(c) The regulations shall encourage contractors to engage in research
  and development activities that--
  `(1) strengthen the defense industrial and technology base of the United
  States;
  `(2) enhance the industrial competitiveness of the United States;
  `(3) promote the development of technologies identified as critical under
  section 2508 of this title;
  `(4) increase the development of technologies useful for both the private
  commercial sector and the public sector; and
  `(5) develop efficient and effective technologies for achieving
  such environmental benefits as improved environmental data gathering,
  environmental cleanup and restoration, pollution-reduction in manufacturing,
  environmental conservation, and environmentally safe management of
  facilities.
  `(d)(1) Subject to paragraph (3), for each fiscal year following a fiscal
  year in which independent research and development costs or bid and proposal
  costs incurred by a person were paid by the Department of Defense in a total
  amount exceeding $7,000,000, the Secretary of Defense shall enter into an
  advance agreement with such person regarding the manner and extent to which
  the Department of Defense may pay independent research and development
  costs or bid and proposal costs incurred by such person. If such person
  is a business entity that has a product division that received payments
  for such costs from the Department of Defense in a total amount exceeding
  $700,000 during such preceding fiscal year, the Secretary may enter into
  an advance agreement, regarding payment of the independent research and
  development costs and bid and proposal costs incurred by such product
  division, directly with the head of such product division.
  `(2) The agreement shall include the following provisions:
  `(A) The maximum amount of the costs incurred by such person in that fiscal
  year that the Department may pay.
  `(B) The costs that are payable under the agreement, which may be only those
  costs that are incurred in connection with work referred to in subsection
  (b) or the attainment of benefits described in subsection (c).
  `(3) If a person referred to in paragraph (1) does not enter into an
  advance agreement with the Secretary under paragraph (1) for a fiscal year,
  the payment of the independent research and development costs and bid and
  proposal costs incurred by such person during such fiscal year shall be
  subject to such limitations as the Secretary of Defense may prescribe in
  the regulations under subsection (a).
  `(4) On October 1, 1994, and October 1 of each third year thereafter,
  the Secretary may adjust the amounts in paragraph (1) to reflect changes
  in one or more economic indices that the Secretary considers appropriate
  for use in making adjustments under this paragraph.'.
  (2) The table of sections at the beginning of such chapter is amended by
  adding at the end the following new item:
`2372. Independent research and development.'.
  (b) REPEAL OF SUPERSEDED PROVISION- Section 203 of Public Law 91-441
  (10 U.S.C. 2358 note) is repealed.
SEC. 806. ANNUAL REPORT ON ACTIVITIES RELATING TO DEFENSE INDUSTRIAL BASE
  (a) DEFENSE INDUSTRIAL BASE ANNUAL REPORT- Chapter 148 of title 10, United
  States Code, is amended by inserting after section 2508 the following
  new section:
`Sec. 2509. Defense industrial base annual report
  `(a) ANNUAL REPORT REQUIREMENT- The Secretary of Defense, acting through the
  Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition, shall submit to the Committees
  on Armed Services of the Senate and House of Representatives an annual
  report on--
  `(1) the actions taken pursuant to this chapter for the improvement of
  the defense industrial base of the United States; and
  `(2) the effects of defense budgets and plans on the ability of the United
  States defense industrial base to meet the national security needs of the
  United States.
  `(b) FINANCIAL ABILITY ANALYSIS- The report required by this section shall
  include the Under Secretary's analysis of the condition of the defense
  industrial base of the United States, particularly with respect to the
  financial ability of United States businesses--
  `(1) to conduct research and development activities relating to critical
  defense technologies, including the critical technologies identified in
  the annual defense critical technologies plan submitted pursuant to section
  2508 of this title in the year in which the annual report is submitted;
  `(2) to apply those technologies to the production of goods and the
  furnishing of services;
  `(3) to maintain a viable production base in critical areas of defense
  production and technology at the procurement levels for which funds are
  available to the Department of Defense and at planned Department of Defense
  procurement levels;
  `(4) to expand the defense production base to respond to rapid increases
  in the demand for defense production and critical defense technologies;
  `(5) to maintain a viable defense production base in each critical area of
  defense production and technology in which terminations of major Department
  of Defense procurement programs or reductions in planned Department of
  Defense procurement--
  `(A) have taken place in the year before the year in which the report is
  submitted; or
  `(B) are provided for--
  `(i) in the budget submitted pursuant to section 1105(a) of title 31 in
  the year in which the annual report is submitted; and
  `(ii) in the five-year defense program submitted with such budget pursuant
  to section 114a of this title; and
  `(6) to engage in any other activities determined by the Secretary to be
  critical to the national security.
  `(c) ANALYSIS CONSIDERATIONS- In preparing the analysis required in
  subsection (b) for the annual report, the Secretary, acting through the
  Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition, shall consider--
  `(1) trends in the profitability, levels of capital investment, spending on
  research and development, and debt burden of businesses involved in research
  on, development of, and application of critical defense technologies;
  `(2) the consequences of mergers, acquisitions, and takeovers of such
  businesses;
  `(3) the consequences of terminations of major programs and reductions in
  levels of military procurement in the fiscal year in which the report is
  submitted and planned military procurement;
  `(4) the effects of levels of concurrency in acquisition program strategies,
  levels of facilitization required by the Secretary of defense contractors,
  competition requirements, and efforts of the Department of Defense to
  expand the use of commercial technology and equipment;
  `(5) the effects of dependence on foreign or foreign-owned suppliers;
  `(6) the results of Department of Defense spending for critical defense
  technologies for the fiscal year in which the report is submitted; and
  `(7) the likely future level of Department of Defense spending for such
  technologies during the four fiscal years following the fiscal year in which
  the report is submitted and the likely results of that level of spending.
  `(d) ANNUAL REPORT DATE- The report under this section shall be submitted
  not later than March 15 of each year.'.
  (b) TABLE OF SECTIONS- The table of sections at the beginning of such
  chapter is amended by adding at the end the following new item:
`2509. Defense industrial base annual report.'.
Part B--Acquisition Streamlining Initiatives
SEC. 811. MULTIYEAR CONTRACTING ENHANCEMENT
  Subsection (h) of section 2306 of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
  (1) in paragraph (1), by striking out `(other than contracts described in
  paragraph (6))';
  (2) in subparagraph (A) of paragraph (1), by striking out `reduced total
  costs under the contract' and inserting in lieu thereof `substantial
  savings of the total anticipated costs of carrying out the program through
  annual contracts';
  (3) in paragraph (6), by inserting before the period `, unless the Secretary
  of Defense finds with respect to any particular contract that application
  of this subsection is in the national interest'; and
  (4) by striking out subparagraph (C) of paragraph (9).
SEC. 812. ACQUISITION OF COMMERCIAL PRODUCTS
  (a) STREAMLINED PROCEDURES FOR ACQUISITION OF COMMERCIAL ITEMS- Section
  2325 of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
  (1) in subsection (a)--
  (A) by redesignating subparagraphs (A), (B), and (C) of paragraph (1)
  as clauses (i), (ii), and (iii), respectively;
  (B) by redesignating paragraphs (1), (2), and (3) as subparagraphs (A),
  (B), and (C), respectively;
  (C) by striking out `PREFERENCE- ' and inserting in lieu thereof `PREFERENCE
  FOR NONDEVELOPMENTAL ITEMS- (1)';
  (D) in subparagraph (B) of paragraph (1), as so redesignated, by striking
  out `and';
  (E) in subparagraph (C) of paragraph (1), as so redesignated, by striking
  out the period and inserting in lieu thereof a semicolon and `and'; and
  (F) by adding at the end of paragraph (1), as so redesignated, the following
  new subparagraph:
  `(D) prior to developing new specifications, the Department of Defense
  conducts market research to determine whether nondevelopmental items are
  available or could be modified to meet the needs of the procuring military
  department or Defense Agency.';
  (2) in subsection (b), by striking out `IMPLEMENTATION- ';
  (3) in subsection (c), by striking out `REGULATIONS- ';
  (4) by redesignating subsections (b) and (c) as paragraphs (2) and (3),
  respectively;
  (5) in subsection (d)--
  (A) by striking out `DEFINITION- ';
  (B) in paragraph (3), by striking out `paragraph (1) or (2)' and inserting
  in lieu thereof `subparagraph (A) or (B)';
  (C) in paragraph (4)--
  (i) by striking out `paragraph (1), (2), or (3)' and inserting in lieu
  thereof `subparagraph (A), (B), or (C)'; and
  (ii) by redesignating subparagraphs (A) and (B) as clauses (i) and (ii);
  (D) by redesignating paragraphs (1), (2), (3), and (4) as subparagraphs (A),
  (B), (C), and (D); and
  (E) in subparagraph (A) (as designated in subparagraph (D) of this paragraph)
  by inserting `or has been' before `available in the commercial marketplace'.
  (6) by redesignating subsection (d) as paragraph (4);
  (7) by adding at the end thereof the following new subsection:
  `(b) COMMERCIAL STYLE ACQUISITION PROCEDURES- (1) The Secretary of Defense
  shall prescribe streamlined procedures for the acquisition of commercial
  items to enhance the ability of the Department of Defense to take advantage
  of the vigorous competition, large economies of scale, short delivery times,
  market driven efficiency and innovation, and high-value products that are
  available in the commercial market.';
  (8) by transferring to the end of subsection (b), as added by paragraph
  (7) of this subsection, paragraphs (2) through (6) of section 824(b)
  of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Years 1990 and 1991
  (Public Law 101-189; 103 Stat. 1504);
  (9) in subsection (b)(6), as transferred by paragraph (8) of this
  subsection--
  (A) by striking out `revise' and inserting in lieu thereof `prescribe';
  (B) by striking out `title 10, United States Code,' and inserting in lieu
  thereof `this title';
  (C) by striking out `revising' and inserting in lieu thereof `prescribing';
  (D) by striking out `and (B)' and inserting in lieu thereof `(B)';
  (E) by striking out `as revised' and inserting in lieu thereof `as
  prescribed'; and
  (F) by striking out the period at the end thereof and inserting in lieu
  thereof a comma and `and (C) may not, in the case of an item for which the
  Administrator of General Services has accepted a certificate of established
  catalog price, require a contractor to demonstrate that such an item meets
  the requirements of section 2306a(b)(1)(B) of this title during the period
  in which a contract to which the certification relates is in effect.';
  (10) by adding at the end of subsection (b), as added by paragraph (7)
  and amended by paragraphs (8) and (9) of this subsection, the following
  new paragraphs:
  `(7) For the purposes of this subsection, a contract for commercial items
  may include those incidental services that are normally provided with
  sales of such items in the commercial market.
  `(8) In this subsection, the term `commercial item' means--
  `(A) any item of supply, including computer software, regularly used for
  other than Government purposes which, in the course of normal business
  operations--
  `(i) has been sold or traded to the general public;
  `(ii) has been offered for sale to the  general public at established
  prices but not yet sold; or
  `(iii) although intended for sale or trade to the general public, has not
  yet been offered for sale but will be available for commercial delivery
  in a reasonable period of time; and
  `(B) any item described in subparagraph (A) which requires only modifications
  of a type customarily provided in the commercial marketplace, or other
  minor modifications, in order to meet the requirements of the procuring
  agency.'; and
  (11) by striking out the section heading and inserting in lieu thereof
  the following:
`Sec. 2325. Acquisition of commercial and nondevelopmental items'.
  (b) TEST PROGRAM- (1) The Secretary of Defense shall conduct a test program
  to determine the feasibility and desirability of using the two sets of
  procedures prescribed pursuant to paragraphs (3) and (4) for procurement
  of commercial products (including incidental services) by the Department
  of Defense.
  (2) The Secretary shall designate one component of the Department of Defense
  for participation in the test program. A component may not be selected
  for such designation if the total dollar value of all procurement actions
  taken during the fiscal year ending September 30, 1989, by that component
  exceeded 15 percent of the dollar value of all procurement actions of the
  Department of Defense in the fiscal year ending September 30, 1989.
  (3) The Secretary shall prescribe in regulations implementing the test
  program procedures for the participating component to award contracts for
  commercial products without discussions on the basis of factors specified
  in the solicitation. Notwithstanding section 2305(b)(4)(A)(ii) of title 10,
  United States Code, the factors that may be specified in the solicitation
  include cost, product quality, and product performance (including the past
  performance of products and sources) if the solicitation also--
  (A) contains a market acceptability demonstration requirement described
  in section 303H(e) of the Federal Property and Administrative Services
  Act of 1949 (as amended by subsection (f)); and
  (B) is expected to result in the purchase of commercial products that do
  not require modification for use by the component.
  (4)(A) The Secretary shall prescribe in regulations implementing the test
  program procedures for the participating component--
  (i) to prescribe a list of commercial products for procurement using
  such procedures;
  (ii) to establish a list of sources of one or more of such commercial
  products; and
  (iii) to issue a series of solicitations for the acquisition of such
  commercial products to sources on the established source lists over a
  specified period when the head of the participating component reasonably
  anticipates that all such sources will have an opportunity to respond to
  at least one solicitation for such a product (involving approximately the
  same total quantity as is provided for in every other solicitation for
  such product) within a two-year period.
  (B) The regulations shall require the participating component to publish
  each list of commercial products that may be procured under the procedures
  prescribed pursuant to this paragraph. A product may be on the list only if--
  (i) no modification of the product by the offeror is necessary for the
  product to be usable by the component;
  (ii) the product is frequently procured by the United States in large
  quantities;
  (iii) award of a contract for such product to a source after the use of such
  procedures will not bias the participating component in favor of awarding
  future contracts for the procurement of the same product to that source;
  (iv) the head of the component reasonably anticipates that the product
  will be procured several times in relatively equal quantities as a result
  of a series of solicitations over a two-year period;
  (v) the head of the participating component reasonably anticipates that
  a contract for such product could be awarded on the basis of an initial
  proposal that would result in the lowest overall cost to the government;
  (vi) based upon past experience, the Secretary of Defense reasonably
  anticipates that a large number of qualified offerors would respond to a
  solicitation for a contract for such product and a significant savings in
  personnel and administrative costs could be achieved using such procedures;
  and
  (vii) a notice of a proposal to place the product on the list of products,
  including a product description conforming to section 18(b) of the Office
  of Federal Procurement Policy Act (41 U.S.C. 416(b)) and section 8(f)
  of the Small Business Act (15 U.S.C. 637(f)), has been published in the
  Federal Register and the Commerce Business Daily for a period of not less
  than 60 days.
  (C) The regulations prescribed under subparagraph (A) shall authorize the
  participating component to solicit participation by interested persons in a
  list of sources to be prescribed under the test program. Participation in
  the list shall be solicited by publication of one or more public notices
  in the Commerce Business Daily. The notice shall include--
  (i) a product description conforming to section 18(b) of the Office of
  Federal Procurement Policy Act (41 U.S.C. 416(b)) and section 8(f) of the
  Small Business Act (15 U.S.C. 637(f));
  (ii) the scope of the requirement to be covered by the solicitations,
  including the number of solicitations expected, anticipated quantities,
  and the time period during which such solicitations will be issued; and
  (iii) a requirement that each interested source submit appropriate product
  information with the request of the source to be placed on the source list.
  (D) A list of sources for a series of solicitations established under the
  procedures prescribed pursuant to this paragraph shall include--
  (i) each person who requests to be placed on the list and submits the
  required information specified in the public notice within the time period
  specified in that notice; and
  (ii) any additional person who submits the required information sufficiently
  in advance of a solicitation to ensure that the submission can be adequately
  evaluated before the solicitation is issued.
  (E) The Secretary shall prescribe in the regulations procedures for a source
  to protest a decision not to place such source on a source list under the
  test program. The availability of such procedures may not be construed to
  preclude a source from seeking relief under existing bid protest procedures.
  (F) The Secretary shall prescribe in the regulations the minimum number
  of qualified sources that must be included on a source list established
  under the procedures prescribed pursuant to this paragraph. The minimum
  number of sources may not be less than 100 source during the one-year period
  beginning on the effective date of such regulations. After the expiration of
  such one-year period, the Secretary may modify the regulations to specify a
  number of sources less than 100 sources, but not less than 25 sources, if the
  Secretary determines that the modification is necessary in order to ensure
  that the procedures prescribed under this paragraph are tested effectively.
  (G) A component may issue solicitations for procurement of a product
  to sources on a source list established under this paragraph in such a
  manner that--
  (i) each source on the list is invited to respond to at least one
  solicitation for such product before any source is invited to respond to
  a second solicitation;
  (ii) all sources on the list, or as many sources as practicable, have an
  opportunity to respond to at least one such solicitation; and
  (iii) each solicitation is open to not fewer than 20 percent of the sources
  on the source list and the sources are selected to receive the solicitation
  under procedures prescribed by the Secretary to ensure equitable opportunity
  for participation by all of the selected sources.
  (H) A solicitation for a product may not be issued pursuant to the
  regulations prescribed under this paragraph if the estimated price of the
  procurement exceeds a maximum amount which the Secretary shall prescribe
  for such a solicitation in such regulations.
  (5) A participating component may not use both sets of procedures prescribed
  pursuant to paragraphs (3) and (4) for the procurement of one product.
  (6) No solicitation may be issued pursuant to the regulations prescribed
  to implement the test program more than three years after the date on
  which such regulations take effect.
  (7)(A) Within 180 days after the termination of the test program, the
  Comptroller General of the United States shall evaluate the test program
  and submit a report to the congressional defense committees, the Committee
  on Governmental Affairs of the Senate, and the Committee on Government
  Operations of the House of Representatives. The report shall contain the
  Comptroller General's evaluation of the effects of the test program on--
  (i) the price and quality of products procured by the participating
  component;
  (ii) paperwork requirements and procurement lead times for the procurement
  of products by such component;
  (iii) competition and the bid protest system; and
  (iv) levels of participation of small businesses and small, disadvantaged
  businesses in the test program.
  (B) The head of the participating component shall collect and make available
  to the Comptroller General appropriate data on contracts awarded under
  the test program in order to enable the Comptroller General to complete
  the evaluation required by this paragraph. The Administrator for Federal
  Procurement Policy, in consultation with the Comptroller General, shall
  provide guidance to the head of the participating component regarding the
  data to be collected for review by the Comptroller General.
  (c) REGULATIONS- (1) Not later than 180 days after the date of the enactment
  of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall publish for public comment--
  (A) proposed new regulations to carry out the requirements in the amendments
  made by subsection (a) (including any proposed regulation that rescinds,
  waives, or limits any regulation inconsistent with the requirements of
  such amendments); and
  (B) proposed regulations to implement the test program required by subsection
  (b).
  (2) Not later than 270 days after the date of the enactment of this Act,
  the Secretary shall promulgate (A) final regulations to carry out such
  amendments and to rescind, waives, or limit any regulation inconsistent
  with the requirements of such amendments, and (B) final regulations to
  implement the test program.
  (d) PROPOSALS TO ELIMINATE UNNECESSARY RESTRICTIONS ON ACQUISITION OF
  COMMERCIAL PRODUCTS- (1) The Secretary of Defense may submit to Congress
  proposed legislation regarding any provision of law that the Secretary
  considers an unnecessary restriction on the acquisition of commercial
  items. Any such proposed legislation shall include--
  (A) a description of the existing law and its effect on the acquisition
  of commercial items, including specific examples;
  (B) draft legislation;
  (C) a description of the manner in which the proposal will alter existing
  acquisition practices to facilitate the acquisition of commercial items;
  (D) a description of the manner in which the proposal will preserve the
  integrity of the acquisition process; and
  (E) any costs or savings associated with the proposal.
  (2) In this subsection, the term `commercial item' has the meaning given
  such term in section 2325(b)(8) of title 10, United States Code, as amended
  by subsection (a).
  (e) TECHNICAL AMENDMENT- The item relating to section 2325 in the table
  of sections for chapter 137 of title 10, United States Code, is amended
  to read as follows:
`2325. Acquisition of commercial and nondevelopmental items.'.
  (f) COMMERCIAL AND NONDEVELOPMENTAL ITEMS- (1) Title III of the Federal
  Property and Administrative Services Act of 1949 (41 U.S.C. 251 et seq.) is
  amended by inserting after section 303G the following new section:
`PROCUREMENT OF COMMERCIAL AND NONDEVELOPMENTAL ITEMS
  `SEC. 303H. (a)(1) The Federal Acquisition Regulation issued under section
  25(c) of the Office of Federal Procurement Policy Act (41 U.S.C. 421(c))
  shall ensure that, to the maximum extent practicable--
  `(A) requirements of executive agencies with respect to a procurement of
  supplies are stated in terms of--
  `(i) functions to be performed;
  `(ii) performance required; or
  `(iii) essential physical characteristics;
  `(B) such requirements are defined so that nondevelopmental items may be
  procured to fulfill such requirements;
  `(C) such requirements are fulfilled through the procurement of
  nondevelopmental items; and
  `(D) prior to developing new specifications, executive agencies conduct
  market research to determine whether nondevelopmental items are available
  or could be modified to meet agency needs.
  `(2) As used in this section, the term `nondevelopmental item' means--
  `(A) any item of supply that is or has been available in the commercial
  marketplace;
  `(B) any previously developed item of supply that is in use by a department
  or agency of the United States, a State or local government, or a foreign
  government with which the United States has a mutual defense cooperation
  agreement;
  `(C) any item of supply described in subparagraph (A) or (B) that requires
  only minor modification in order to meet the requirements of the procuring
  agency; or
  `(D) any item of supply that is being produced that does not meet the
  requirements of subparagraph (A), (B), or (C) solely because the item--
  `(i) is not yet in use; or
  `(ii) is not yet available in the commercial marketplace.
  `(b)(1)(A) The Federal Acquisition Regulation issued under section 25(c)
  of the Office of Federal Procurement Policy Act (41 U.S.C. 421(c)) shall
  include a simplified uniform contract for the acquisition of commercial
  items by Federal agencies and shall require that such simplified uniform
  contract be used for the acquisition of commercial items to the maximum
  extent practicable. The uniform contract shall include only--
  `(i) those contract clauses that are required to implement provisions of
  law applicable to such an acquisition;
  `(ii) those contract clauses that are essential for the protection of the
  Federal Government's interest in such an acquisition; and
  `(iii) those contract clauses that are determined to be consistent with
  standard commercial practice and appropriate for inclusion in such contracts.
  `(B) In addition to the clauses described under subparagraph (A) (i) and
  (ii), a contract for the acquisition of commercial items may include
  only such clauses as are essential for the protection of the Federal
  Government's interest in the particular contract, as determined in writing
  by the contracting officer for such contract, or in a class of contracts,
  as determined by the agency head with the approval of the Administrator
  of the Office of Federal Procurement Policy.
  `(2)(A) The Federal Acquisition Regulation shall require that a prime
  contractor under a Federal agency contract for the acquisition of commercial
  items be required to include in subcontracts under such contract only--
  `(i) those contract clauses that are required to implement provisions of
  law applicable to such subcontracts; and
  `(ii) those contract clauses that are essential for the protection of the
  Federal Government's interest in such subcontracts.
  `(B) In addition to the clauses described under subparagraph (A) (i) and
  (ii), a contractor under a Federal agency contract for the acquisition of
  commercial items may be required to include in a subcontract under such
  contract only such clauses as are essential for the protection of the
  Federal Government's interest in the particular subcontract, as determined
  in writing by the contracting officer for such contract, or in a class of
  subcontracts, as determined by the agency head with the approval of the
  Administrator of the Federal Procurement Policy.
  `(3) Notwithstanding paragraphs (1) and (2) of this subsection, the
  Department of Defense may use uniform contract and subcontract clauses
  developed under section 2325(b) of title 10, United States Code, in lieu of
  the uniform contract and subcontract clauses developed under this subsection.
  `(c) The Federal Acquisition Regulation shall ensure, to the maximum extent
  practicable, that--
  `(1) the inspection clause included in each agency contract for the
  acquisition of commercial items takes into account the contractor's past
  performance and any warranties the contractor may offer to the Government;
  and
  `(2) Federal agencies take advantage of warranties offered by commercial
  contractors and use such warranties for the repair and replacement of
  commercial items.
  `(d)(1) The Federal Acquisition Regulation shall ensure that, to the maximum
  extent practicable, contractors and subcontractors offering commercial
  items are required to submit certified cost or pricing data regarding
  agency contracts and subcontracts only when such data are necessary for the
  evaluation of the reasonableness of the price of the contract or subcontract,
  as the case may be.
  `(2) The revised regulations shall particularly address--
  `(A) the application of the adequate price competition exemption in the
  case of a contract or subcontract for the acquisition of a commercial item;
  `(B) the standards for applying the catalog or market price exemption to
  contracts and subcontracts for items which are modified commercial items,
  components of commercial items, spare parts for commercial products,
  new commercial items, or commercial items which are no longer sold to the
  public; and
  `(C) clarification that an agency may not, in the case of any item for
  which the Administrator of General Services has accepted a certificate of
  established catalog price, require a contractor to demonstrate that such
  an item meets the requirements of section 304(d)(5)(A)(ii) of the Federal
  Property and Administrative Services Act of 1949 (41 U.S.C. 254(d)(5)(A)(ii))
  during the period in which a contract to which the certification relates
  is in effect.
  `(e) The Federal Acquisition Regulation shall direct agencies to require,
  where appropriate and in accordance with criteria prescribed in the
  regulations, offerors to demonstrate in their offers that products being
  offered have--
  `(1)(A) achieved a level of commercial market acceptance necessary to
  indicate that the products are suitable for the agency's use or that the
  processes used to manufacture the products meet established commercial or
  other specified standards; or
  `(B) been satisfactorily supplied under current or recent contracts for
  the same requirements; and
  `(2) otherwise meet the product description, specifications, or other
  criteria prescribed by the public notice and solicitation.
  `(f) The Federal Acquisition Regulation shall provide guidance to agencies
  on the use of past performance of products and sources as a factor in
  award decisions.
  `(g) For the purposes of this subsection, a contract for commercial items
  may include those incidental services that are normally provided with
  sales of such items in the commercial market.
  `(h) In this section, the term `commercial item' means--
  `(1) any item of supply, including computer software, regularly used for
  other than Government purposes which, in the course of normal business
  operations--
  `(A) has been sold or traded to the general public;
  `(B) has been offered for sale to the general public at established prices
  but not yet sold; or
  `(C) although intended for sale or trade to the general public, has not
  yet been offered for sale but will be available for commercial delivery
  in a reasonable period of time; and
  `(2) any item described in paragraph (1) which requires only modifications
  of a type customarily provided in the commercial marketplace, or other minor
  modifications, in order to meet the requirements of the procuring agency.'.
  (2) The table of contents for the Federal Property and Administrative
  Services Act of 1949 is amended by inserting after the item relating to
  section 303G the following:
`Sec. 303H. Procurement of commercial and nondevelopmental items.'.
  (3) The Administrator of the Office of Federal Procurement Policy shall
  issue guidelines for the training by executive agencies of contracting
  officers, program managers, and other appropriate acquisition personnel in
  the acquisition of nondevelopmental items. The guidelines shall provide,
  at a minimum, for training in the requirements of this section and the
  implementing regulations. In addition, the program shall provide for
  training of--
  (A) contracting officers in the fundamental principles of price analysis
  and other means of determining price reasonableness which do not require
  access to commercial cost data; and
  (B) appropriate personnel in market research techniques and the drafting
  of functional and performance specifications.
  (4) Section 20(c) of the Office of Federal Procurement Policy Act (41
  U.S.C. 418(c)) is amended to read as follows:
  `(c) The advocate for competition for each procuring activity shall be
  responsible for promoting the acquisition of nondevelopmental items and
  for challenging barriers to such acquisition, including unnecessarily
  detailed specifications, unnecessarily restrictive statements of need,
  and unnecessarily burdensome contract clauses.'.
  (5) Within 270 days after the date of the enactment of this Act,
  Government-wide regulations to carry out the requirements in this section
  and rescind any regulations that are inconsistent with such requirements
  shall be published for public comment. Within one year after the date
  of enactment of this Act, final regulations shall be promulgated in the
  Federal Acquisition Regulation, and as necessary in the Federal Information
  Resources Management Regulation.
  (6) Within 1 year after the date of the enactment of this Act, the
  Comptroller General of the United States shall submit to the congressional
  defense committees and the Committee on Governmental Affairs of the Senate
  and the Committee on Government Operations of the House of Representatives
  a report and recommendations on the use of market research in support of
  procurement of nondevelopmental items. Such report shall include--
  (A) a review of existing Government market research efforts to gather data
  concerning nondevelopmental items;
  (B) a review of the feasibility of creating a Government-wide database
  for storing, retrieving, and analyzing market data, including a review of
  existing Government resources; and
  (C) such recommendations for changes in law or regulation as the Comptroller
  General of the United States may consider appropriate.
SEC. 813. UNIFORM SMALL PURCHASE THRESHOLD FOR VARIOUS REQUIREMENTS APPLICABLE
TO FEDERAL GOVERNMENT CONTRACTORS
  (a) SMALL PURCHASE THRESHOLD DEFINED- (1) Section 4 of the Office of
  Federal Procurement Policy Act (41 U.S.C. 403) is amended--
  (A) by striking out `and' at the end of paragraph (9);
  (B) by striking out the period at the end of paragraph (10) and inserting
  in lieu thereof `; and'; and
  (C) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
  `(11) the term `small purchase threshold' means $25,000, adjusted on
  October 1 of each year divisible by 5 to the amount equal to $25,000 in
  constant fiscal year 1990 dollars (rounded to the nearest $1,000).'.
  (2) The first adjustment under section 4(11) of such Act, as amended by
  paragraph (1), shall be made on October 1, 1995.
  (b) AMENDMENTS TO TITLE 10- Section 2304(g) of title 10, United States Code,
  is amended--
  (1) in paragraph (2), by striking out `$25,000' and inserting in lieu
  thereof `the small purchase threshold';
  (2) in paragraph (3), by striking out `$25,000' and inserting in lieu
  thereof `the small purchase threshold'; and
  (3) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
  `(5) In this subsection, the term `small purchase threshold' has the meaning
  given such term in section 4(11) of the Office of Federal Procurement
  Procedure Act (41 U.S.C. 403(11)).'.
  (c) AMENDMENTS TO THE FEDERAL PROPERTY AND ADMINISTRATIVE SERVICES ACT OF
  1949- Section 303(g) of the Federal Property and Administrative Services
  Act of 1949 (41 U.S.C. 253) is amended--
  (1) in paragraph (2), by striking out `$25,000' and inserting in lieu
  thereof `the small purchase threshold';
  (2) in paragraph (3), by striking out `$25,000' and inserting in lieu
  thereof `the small purchase threshold'; and
  (3) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
  `(5) In this subsection, the term `small purchase threshold' has the meaning
  given such term in section 4(11) of the Office of Federal Procurement
  Procedure Act (41 U.S.C. 403(11)).'.
  (d) ADDITIONAL AMENDMENTS TO THE OFFICE OF FEDERAL PROCUREMENT POLICY
  ACT- Section 18(a)(1) of the Office of Federal Procurement Policy Act
  (41 U.S.C. 416(a)(1)) is amended--
  (1) by striking out `$25,000' each place it appears and inserting in lieu
  thereof `the small purchase threshold'; and
  (2) in clause (A)--
  (A) by inserting `or' at the end of subclause (i);
  (B) by striking out `; or' at the end of subclause (ii) and inserting in
  lieu thereof a comma; and
  (C) by striking out subclause (iii).
  (e) AMENDMENTS TO SMALL BUSINESS ACT- The Small Business Act (15 U.S.C. 631
  et seq.) is amended--
  (1) in section 3, by adding at the end the following new subsection:
  `(m) For purposes of this Act, the term `small purchase threshold' has
  the meaning given such term in section 4(11) of the Office of Federal
  Procurement Policy Act (41 U.S.C. 403(11)).';
  (2) in section 8--
  (A) in subsection (b)(7), by adding at the end the following new
  subparagraph:
  `(D) Subparagraph (C) and the last sentence of subparagraph (A) shall not
  apply to a matter that is does not exceed the small purchase threshold.';
  (B) in subsection (d)(2)(A), by striking out `$10,000' and inserting in
  lieu thereof `the small purchase threshold'; and
  (C) in subsection (e)(1)--
  (i) by striking out `$25,000' each place it appears and inserting in lieu
  thereof `the small purchase threshold';
  (ii) by inserting `or' at the end of subclause (i) of clause (A);
  (iii) by striking out `; or' at the end of subclause (ii) of clause (A)
  and inserting in lieu thereof a comma; and
  (iv) by striking out subclause (iii) of clause (A); and
  (3) in section 15(j), by striking out `of less than $25,000' and inserting
  in lieu thereof `not in excess of the small purchase threshold'.
  (f) AMENDMENTS TO SOLID WASTE DISPOSAL ACT- Section 6002(a) of the Solid
  Waste Disposal Act (42 U.S.C. 6962(a)) is amended--
  (1) by inserting `(1)' after `(a)';
  (2) by striking out `$10,000' the first place it appears and inserting in
  lieu thereof `the small purchase threshold';
  (3) by striking out `$10,000 or more' and inserting in lieu thereof `more
  than the small purchase threshold'; and
  (4) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
  `(2) As used in this subsection, the term `small purchase threshold'
  has the meaning given such term in section 4(11) of the Office of Federal
  Procurement Policy Act (41 U.S.C. 403(11)).'.
SEC. 814. FEDERAL ACQUISITION REGULATORY COUNCIL MEMBERSHIP
  Section 133(c) of title 10, United States Code, is amended
  (1) in paragraph (2), by striking out `and' at the end;
  (2) in paragraph (3), by striking out the period at the end and inserting
  in lieu thereof `; and'; and
  (3) by inserting at the end the following new paragraph:
  `(4) may designate an Assistant Secretary of Defense performing acquisition
  responsibilities to serve on and attend meetings of the Federal Acquisition
  Regulatory Council (established under section 25 of the Office of Federal
  Procurement Policy Act (41 U.S.C. 421)) in place of the Under Secretary.'.
SEC. 815. COMPETITIVE ALTERNATIVE SOURCE REQUIREMENT
  Section 2438 of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
  (1) by striking out subsections (a), (b), and (c) and inserting in lieu
  thereof the following:
  `(a)(1) The Secretary of Defense shall prescribe regulations to ensure that,
  before full-scale development of a major program is initiated, there is
  an acquisition strategy for such program that includes a plan for use of
  competitive alternative sources for the major program and for each major
  subsystem under the major program if the establishment and maintenance of
  two or more sources--
  `(A) would likely result in reduced costs for such program;
  `(B) would not result in unacceptable delays in fulfilling the needs of
  the Department of Defense; and
  `(C) is otherwise in the national security interests of the United States.
  `(2) The requirement to plan for use of competitive alternative sources
  for a major program or a subsystem under a major program (provided in the
  acquisition strategy for such program) is satisfied if the Secretary finds
  that alternative production sources offer systems or subsystems that,
  for purposes of the major program, serve similar functions and compete
  effectively with each other even though such systems or subsystems are
  not identical.'; and
  (2) by redesignating subsection (d) as subsection (b).
SEC. 816. CONTRACT AWARDS WITHOUT DISCUSSIONS
  The Secretary of Defense shall revise the regulations implementing clause
  (ii) of subparagraph (A) of section 2305(b)(4) of title 10, United States
  Code, to authorize the head of an agency referred to in such subparagraph
  to consider life-cycle costs as a factor in determining the lowest overall
  cost for the purpose of such clause.
SEC. 817. CERTIFIED COST OR PRICING DATA THRESHOLD
  (a) INCREASED THRESHOLD- (1) Section 2306a of title 10, United States Code,
  is amended--
  (A) in subsection (a)(1), by striking out `$100,000' each place it appears
  and by inserting in lieu thereof `$500,000';
  (B) by redesignating subsection (g) as subsection (h); and
  (C) by inserting after subsection (f) the following new subsection (g):
  `(g)(1) The Secretary of Defense shall prescribe regulations requiring
  a review, before the award of a contract or subcontract or approval of a
  price adjustment, to ensure that the price of the contract, subcontract, or
  pricing adjustment to the United States is reasonable when cost or pricing
  date is not required to be submitted under this section solely because the
  expected price of the contract, subcontract, or pricing adjustment to the
  United States is not expected to exceed $500,000.
  `(2) The regulations prescribed under this subsection shall specify the
  types of information that offerors must submit as part of the review
  described in paragraph (1). Such information, at a minimum, shall include
  appropriate information on the prices at which such offeror has previously
  sold the same or similar products.'.
  (2) Section 2323 of title 10, United States Code, is repealed.
  (b) REGULATIONS- Not later than 180 days after the date of the enactment
  of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall publish proposed regulations
  under subsection (g) of section 2306a of title 10, United States Code (as
  added by subsection (a)(1)), and an invitation for public comment on such
  proposed regulations. The Secretary shall promulgate final regulations under
  such subsection not later than 270 days after the date of the enactment
  of this Act.
  (c) EFFECTIVE DATE- The amendments made by subsection (a)(1) and (a)(2)
  shall take effect on the date on which final regulations are promulgated
  under subsection (b).
SEC. 818. MAJOR DEFENSE ACQUISITION PILOT PROGRAM
  (a) AUTHORITY TO CONDUCT PILOT PROGRAM- The Secretary of Defense may
  conduct a pilot program for the purpose of determining the potential for
  increasing the efficiency and effectiveness of the acquisition process in
  major defense acquisition programs.
  (b) DESIGNATION OF PARTICIPATING PROGRAMS- (1) Subject to paragraph (2),
  the Secretary may designate not more than six major defense acquisition
  programs for participation in the pilot program.
  (2) The Secretary may designate for participation in the pilot program only
  those major defense acquisition programs specifically authorized to be so
  designated in a law authorizing appropriations for such program enacted
  after the date of the enactment of this Act.
  (c) CONDUCT OF PILOT PROGRAM- (1) In the case of each major defense
  acquisition program designated for participation in the pilot program,
  the Secretary--
  (A) shall conduct the acquisition program in accordance with standard
  commercial, industrial practices; and
  (B) may waive or limit the applicability of any provision of law that,
  except for this section, the Secretary is not otherwise authorized to
  waive and that prescribes--
  (i) procedures for the procurement of supplies or services;
  (ii) a preference or requirement for acquisition from any source or class
  of sources;
  (iii) any requirement related to contractor performance;
  (iv) any cost allowability, cost accounting, or auditing requirements; or
  (v) any requirement for the management of, testing to be performed under,
  evaluation of, or reporting on an acquisition program.
  (2) The waiver authority provided in paragraph (1)(B) does not apply to
  a provision of law if, as determined by the Secretary--
  (A) a purpose of the provision is to ensure the financial integrity of
  the conduct of a Federal Government program; or
  (B) the provision relates to the authority of the Inspector General of
  the Department of Defense.
  (d) DESIGNATION AS DEFENSE ENTERPRISE PROGRAM- The Secretary shall
  designate each participating major defense acquisition program as a
  defense enterprise program under section 2436 of title 10, United States
  Code. The Secretary may waive the applicability of the requirement of this
  subsection or any provision of such section 2436 to any such acquisition
  program if he determines that such a waiver is necessary for the purpose
  of the pilot program.
  (e) REGULATIONS- (1) Not later than 270 days after the date of the
  enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall publish proposed regulations to
  implement this section and an invitation for public comment on the proposed
  regulations. Not later than one year after such date, the Secretary shall
  promulgate final regulations to implement this section.
  (2)(A) The Secretary may not waive or limit the applicability of a law to
  a major defense acquisition program under subsection (c)(1)(B) unless the
  Secretary first prescribes regulations specifying the waiver or limitation.
  (B) In the case of a waiver or limitation of the applicability of a
  requirement imposed by a statute, including a regulation prescribed to
  implement such statutory requirement, the following procedures shall apply:
  (i) The Secretary shall publish the proposed waiver or limiting regulations
  and provide an opportunity for public comment on the proposed regulations
  for a period of not less that 60 days.
  (ii) If a Federal Government official outside the Department of Defense has
  the responsibility for implementation of the statute, the Secretary shall
  consult with such official regarding the proposed waiver or limitation before
  publishing the proposed waiver or limiting regulations under clause (i).
  (3) The Secretary may prescribe separate regulations for one or more major
  defense acquisition programs designated by the Secretary for participation
  in the pilot program.
  (f) NOTIFICATION AND IMPLEMENTATION- (1) The Secretary shall transmit to
  the congressional defense committees a written notification of each major
  defense acquisition program proposed to be designated by the Secretary
  for participation in the pilot program.
  (2) If the Secretary proposes to waive or limit the applicability of any
  provision of law to a major defense acquisition program under the pilot
  program in accordance with this section, the Secretary shall include in
  the notification regarding that acquisition program--
  (A) the provision of law proposed to be waived or limited;
  (B) the effects of such provision of law on the acquisition system,
  including specific examples;
  (C) the actions taken to ensure that the waiver or limitation will not
  reduce the efficiency, integrity, and effectiveness of the acquisition
  process used for the major defense acquisition program; and
  (D) specific budgetary and personnel savings, if any, that will result
  from the waiver or limitation.
  (g) LIMITATION ON WAIVER AUTHORITY- The applicability of the following
  requirements of law may not be waived or limited under subsection (c)(1)(B)
  with respect to a major defense acquisition program:
  (1) The requirements of this section.
  (2) The requirements contained in any law enacted on or after the date
  of the enactment of this Act if that law designates such major defense
  acquisition program as a participant in the pilot program, except to the
  extent that a waiver of such requirement is specifically authorized for such
  major defense acquisition program in a law enacted on or after such date.
  (h) TERMINATION OF AUTHORITY- (1) The authority to waive or limit the
  applicability of any law under this section may not be exercised after
  September 30, 1992.
  (2) No waiver or limitation of the applicability of a law to a major defense
  acquisition program under the pilot program shall be effective with respect
  to any contract under such acquisition program after September 30, 1994.
  (3)(A) Except as provided in subparagraph (B), any contract entered into
  in accordance with laws and regulations applicable to such contract under
  the pilot program on or before the date specified in paragraph (1) shall
  continue to be valid.
  (B) After the date specified in paragraph (2), the United States shall not
  be subject to any obligation, limitation, or prohibition under a contract
  referred to in subparagraph (A) that is inconsistent with a law waived or
  limited under the pilot program.
  (i) DEFINITION- In this section the term `major defense acquisition program'
  shall have the meaning given such term in section 2430 of title 10, United
  States Code.
SEC. 819. ADVISORY PANEL ON STREAMLINING AND CODIFYING ACQUISITION LAWS
  (a) ESTABLISHMENT- There is established in the legislative branch of
  the Government an advisory panel to be known as the `Advisory Panel on
  Streamlining and Codifying Acquisition Laws' (hereafter in this section
  referred to as the `Panel').
  (b) COMPOSITION- (1) The Panel shall be composed of 18 members as follows:
  (A) Eight members appointed by the President pro tempore of the Senate,
  upon the recommendation of the majority and minority leaders of the Senate,
  from among individuals who are recognized experts in acquisition law and
  procurement policy.  In making recommendations under this subparagraph,
  the majority and minority leaders shall attempt to ensure that the members
  of the Panel reflect diverse experiences in the public and private sectors.
  (B) Eight members appointed jointly by the Speaker of the House of
  Representatives and the minority leader of the House of Representatives from
  among individuals who are recognized experts in acquisition law and policy.
  In making appointments under this subparagraph, the Speaker, in consultation
  with the minority leader, shall attempt to ensure that the members of the
  Panel reflect diverse experiences in the public and private sectors.
  (C) The Secretary of Defense, or his designee.
  (D) The Administrator for Federal Procurement Policy, or his designee.
  (2) The appointments of the members referred to in subparagraphs (A) and
  (B) of paragraph (1) shall be made not later than 45 days after the date
  of the enactment of this Act.
  (c) CHAIRMAN AND VICE CHAIRMAN- The Panel shall select a Chairman and Vice
  Chairman from among its members.
  (d) PERIOD OF APPOINTMENT; VACANCIES- Members shall be appointed for the
  life of the Panel.  Any vacancy in the Panel shall not affect its powers,
  but shall be filled in the same manner as the original appointment.
  (e) DUTIES- The Panel shall--
  (1) review the acquisition laws of the United States with a view toward
  streamlining the Federal acquisition process;
  (2) make any recommendations for the repeal or amendment of such laws that
  the Panel considers necessary, as a result of such review, to--
  (A) eliminate any such laws that are unnecessary for the establishment
  and administration of buyer and seller relationships in Federal Government
  procurement;
  (B) ensure the continuing financial and ethical integrity of Federal
  procurement programs; and
  (C) protect the best interests of the Federal Government; and
  (3) prepare a proposed code of Federal acquisition laws.
  (f) REPORT- (1) The Panel may transmit to the Committee on Governmental
  Affairs of the Senate, the Committee on Government Operations of the
  House of Representatives, and the President such interim reports on the
  actions of the Panel as the Panel considers appropriate and, not later
  than December 15, 1992, shall transmit a final report on the actions of
  the Panel to such committees and the President.
  (2) The final report shall contain a detailed statement of the findings and
  conclusions of the Panel, the proposed codification of Federal Procurement
  laws prepared pursuant to subsection (e), and such additional recommendations
  for such legislation as the Panel considers appropriate.
  (g) INFORMATION- The Panel may secure directly from the Department of Defense
  and any other Federal department or agency such information as the Panel
  considers necessary to enable the Panel to carry out its responsibilities
  under this section.  Upon request of the Chairman of the Panel, the head
  of such department or agency shall furnish such information to the Panel.
  (h) MEETINGS; QUORUM- (1) The Panel shall meet at the call of the Chairman.
  (2) Nine members of the Panel shall constitute a quorum, but a lesser
  number of members may hold hearings.
  (i) COMPENSATION OF MEMBERS- Each member of the Panel who is not an
  officer or employee of the Federal Government shall be paid the daily
  equivalent of the annual rate of basic pay prescribed for grade GS-18 of
  the General Schedule under section 5332 of title 5, United States Code,
  for each day (including travel time) during which such member is engaged
  in the performance of the duties of the Panel.  All members of the Panel
  who are officers or employees of the United States shall serve without
  compensation in addition to that received for their services as officers
  or employees of the United States.
  (j) TRAVEL EXPENSES- The members of the Panel shall be allowed travel
  expenses, including per diem in lieu of subsistence, at rates authorized
  for employees of agencies under subchapter I of chapter 57 of title 5,
  United States Code, while away from their homes or regular places of
  business in the performance of services for the Panel.
  (k) STAFF- (1) The Chairman of the Panel may, without regard to the civil
  service laws and regulations, appoint and terminate the employment of a
  staff director and such other additional personnel as may be necessary to
  enable the Panel to perform its duties. The employment of a staff director
  shall be subject to confirmation by the Panel.
  (2) The Chairman of the Panel may fix the compensation of the executive
  director and other personnel without regard to the provisions of chapter
  51 and subchapter III of chapter 53 of title 5, United States Code,
  relating to classification of positions and General Schedule pay rates,
  except that the rate of pay for the executive director and other personnel
  may not exceed the rate payable for GS-18 of the General Schedule under
  section 5332 of such title.
  (l) DETAIL OF GOVERNMENT EMPLOYEES- Any Federal Government employee may be
  detailed to the Panel without payment of reimbursement to the detailing
  department or agency, and such detail shall be without interruption or
  loss of civil service status or privilege.
  (m) PROCUREMENT OF TEMPORARY AND INTERMITTENT SERVICES- The Chairman of
  the Panel may procure temporary and intermittent services under section
  3109(b) of title 5, United States Code, at rates for individuals which do
  not exceed the daily equivalent of the annual rate of basic pay prescribed
  for GS-18 of the General Schedule under section 5332 of such title.
  (n) APPLICABILITY OF OTHER FEDERAL LAWS- A member of the Panel appointed
  under subsection (b) who is not otherwise employed by the Federal Government
  shall not be considered to be a Federal employee, except for the purposes
  of--
  (1) chapter 81 of title 5, United States Code, relating to compensation
  for work-related injuries; and
  (2) chapter 171 of title 28, United States Code, relating to torts claims.
  (o) POSTAL AND PRINTING SERVICES- The Panel may use the United States mails
  and obtain printing and binding services in the same manner and under the
  same conditions as other departments and agencies of the Federal Government.
  (p) MISCELLANEOUS ADMINISTRATIVE AND SUPPORT SERVICES- The Administrator
  of General Services shall furnish the Panel, on a reimbursable basis,
  any administrative and support services requested by the Panel.
  (q) GIFTS- The Panel may accept, use, and dispose of gifts or donations
  of services or property.
  (r) PROCUREMENT AUTHORITY- The Panel may procure supplies, services, and
  property and make contracts, in any fiscal year, in order to carry out
  its duties, but (except in the case of temporary or intermittent services
  procured under subsection (m)) only to such extent or in such amounts as
  are provided in appropriation Acts or are donated pursuant to subsection
  (q). Contracts and other procurement arrangements may be entered into
  without regard to section 3709 of the Revised Statutes (41 U.S.C. 5)
  or any similar provision of Federal law.
  (s) TRAVEL- To the maximum extent practicable, the members and employees
  of the Panel shall travel on military aircraft, military ships, military
  vehicles, or other military conveyances when travel is necessary in the
  performance of a responsibility of the Panel, except that no such aircraft,
  ship, vehicle, or other conveyance may be scheduled primarily for the
  transportation of any such member or employee when the cost of commercial
  transportation is less expensive.
  (t) TERMINATION- The Panel shall terminate 90 days after the date on which
  Panel submits its final report under subsection (f)(2).
  (u) AMOUNTS AVAILABLE- Of the funds authorized to be appropriated for the
  Defense Agencies for fiscal year 1991 pursuant to this Act, $1,000,000
  shall be available to carry out this section. Amounts made available
  pursuant to this subsection shall remain available for obligation until
  December 15, 1993.
SEC. 820. OVERSEAS SEVERANCE PAY
  (a) SEVERANCE PAY COSTS ALLOWABLE- Section 2324(e)(1)(M) of title 10,
  United States Code, is amended by adding before the period at the end the
  following: `, except that such costs may be allowed to the extent that the
  head of an agency that awarded such contract determines, under regulations
  prescribed by the Secretary, that payment of such severance pay--
  `(i) is necessary to comply with laws in effect on the date of the contract
  award that are generally applicable to a significant number of businesses
  in the country in which the foreign nationals receiving the severance pay
  performed the contract; and
  `(ii) is in the national interests of the United States.'.
  (b) PROSPECTIVE APPLICABILITY- The amendment made by subsection (a) does
  not apply with respect to any cost incurred by contractors before the date
  of the enactment of this Act.
SEC. 821. EVALUATION OF CONTRACTS FOR PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL SERVICES
  (a) IN GENERAL- (1) Chapter 137 of title 10, United States Code, is amended
  by adding at the end the following new section:
`Sec. 2331. Contracts for professional and technical services
  `(a) IN GENERAL- The Secretary of Defense shall prescribe regulations to
  ensure, to the maximum extent practicable, that professional and technical
  services are acquired on the basis of the task to be performed rather than
  on the basis of the number of hours of services provided.
  `(b) CONTENT OF REGULATIONS--With respect to contracts to acquire services
  on the basis of the number of hours of services provided, the regulations
  described in subsection (a) shall--
  `(1) include standards and approval procedures to minimize the use of
  such contracts;
  `(2) establish criteria to ensure that proposals for contracts for technical
  and professional services are evaluated on a basis which does not encourage
  contractors to propose uncompensated overtime;
  `(3) ensure appropriate emphasis on technical and quality factors in the
  source selection process;
  `(4) require identification of any hours in excess of 40-hour weeks included
  in a proposal;
  `(5) ensure that offerors are notified that proposals which include
  unrealistically low labor rates or which do not otherwise demonstrate
  cost realism will be considered in a risk assessment and evaluated
  appropriately; and
  `(6) provide guidance to contracting officers to ensure that any use of
  uncompensated overtime will not degrade the level of technical expertise
  required to perform the contract.
  `(c) WAIVER OF TASK ORDER LIMITATION- (1) The Secretary of Defense may waive
  the limitation in section 2304(j)(4) of this title on the total value of
  task orders on a case-by-case basis for specific contracting activities to
  the extent the Secretary considers necessary the use of master agreements
  in order to further the policy set forth in subsection (a) of this section.
  `(2) During any fiscal year, such a waiver may not increase the total value
  of task orders under master agreements of a contracting activity by more
  than 20 percent of the value of all contracts for advisory and assistance
  services awarded by that contracting activity during fiscal year 1989.
  `(3) Such a waiver shall not become effective until 60 days after the
  Secretary of Defense has published notice thereof in the Federal Register.'.
  (2) The table of sections at the beginning of such chapter is amended by
  inserting after the item relating to section 2330 the following new item:
`2331. Contracts for professional and technical services.'.
  (b) REGULATIONS- Not later than 180 days after the date of the enactment
  of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall publish for public comment new
  regulations to carry out the requirements in this section. The Secretary
  shall promulgate final regulations to carry out such requirements not
  later than 270 days after the date of the enactment of this Act.
Part C--Acquisition Workforce
SEC. 831. MANAGEMENT OF THE ACQUISITION WORKFORCE
  Not later than 270 days after the date of the enactment of this Act,
  the Secretary of Defense shall prescribe regulations for management of
  the acquisition workforce of the Department of Defense. The regulations
  shall include the following:
  (1) Assignment of responsibility within the Office of the Secretary of
  Defense for issuance of acquisition workforce policies.
  (2) Criteria for determining whether acquisition positions should be filled
  by military or civilian personnel.
  (3) Standards and procedures for the recruitment, training, education,
  advancement, and compensation of military and civilian personnel in the
  acquisition workforce.
SEC. 832. ACQUISITION WORKFORCE ENHANCEMENTS
  (a) RELOCATION EXPENSES- Section 5724a(a)(2) of title 5, United States Code,
  is amended by striking out `continental' in the second sentence.
  (b) WAIVER OF PENALTY FOR CONTINUED GOVERNMENT SERVICE- (1) Section 5532
  of title 5, United States Code, is amended by adding at the end thereof
  the following new subsecton:
  `(g)(1) Upon a finding by the head of an Executive agency that it is
  difficult to recruit qualified persons for appointment to a particular
  scientific, engineering, professional, or managerial position in such
  Executive agency, the head of such Executive agency may request, and the
  Director of the Office of Personnel Management may  grant, a waiver of the
  applicability of the other provisions of this section and sections 8344
  and 8468 of this title (relating to annuities and pay on reemployment)
  to any person appointed to such position. There may not be in effect at
  any time waivers under this paragraph for more than 1,500 employees of
  the Executive Branch.'.
  (c) EXPENSES RELATED TO DEATH OF EMPLOYEES IN SPECIFIED CIRCUMSTANCES-
  Section 5742 of title 5, United States Code, is amended--
  (1) in subsection (b), by inserting `continental' after `outside the'
  each place it appears in paragraphs (1) and (2); and
  (2) by adding at the end the following new subsection:
  `(e) Employees covered by this section include an employee who has been
  reassigned away from the employee's home of record pursuant to a mandatory
  mobility agreement executed as a condition of employment.'.
  (d) DEGREE TRAINING- (1) Chapter 41 of title 5, United States Code, is
  amended by adding at the end thereof the following new section:
`Sec. 4119. Degree training
  `(a) In order to facilitate the recruitment and retention of employees
  for Executive Branch positions for which there is a current or anticipated
  shortage of qualified personnel, especially positions requiring critical
  skills, the Director of the Office of Personnel Management  may establish a
  program for the heads of Executive agencies to furnish financial assistance
  for an agency employee to obtain--
  `(1) an academic degree necessary to qualify the employee educationally
  for appointment to a particular position; or
  `(2) an academic degree which would enhance the employee's ability to
  serve the Federal Government.
  `(b) Financial assistance for an employee under this section may be in the
  form of direct payment of educational or training costs or reimbursement
  of the employee for payment of such costs.
  `(c) Subsection (a) applies to education and training by, in, or through
  Federal Government or non-Federal Government institutions.
  `(d) The authority under this section may not be exercised on behalf of
  any employee in or seeking to qualify for an appointment to any position
  which is excepted from the competitive service because of its confidential,
  policy-determining, policymaking, or policy-advocating character unless
  the primary qualification required for appointment to such position is
  technical or professional proficiency, as determined by the Director of
  the Office of Personnel Management.
  `(e) The Director of the Office of Personnel Management, shall prescribe
  regulations to carry out this section. The regulations shall incorporate
  the employee agreement requirements of section 4108 of this title.
  `(f) No employee agreement may be entered into for the purposes of this
  section after September 30, 1993.'.
  (2) The table of sections at the beginning of chapter 341 of such title
  is amended by adding at the end thereof the following new item:
`4119. Degree training.'.
  (e) OPTIONAL EXCLUSION OF PERFORMANCE RATINGS FOR CERTAIN TEMPORARY
  EMPLOYEES- Section 4301(2) of title 5, United States Code, is amended--
  (1) by striking out `or' at the end of subparagraph (F);
  (2) by striking out `and' at the end of subparagraph (G) and inserting in
  lieu thereof `or'; and
  (3) by inserting after subparagraph (G) the following new subparagraph:
  `(H) an individual who (i) is serving in a position within the Department
  of Defense under a temporary appointment for less than one year, (ii)
  agrees to serve without a performance evaluation, and (iii) will not be
  considered for a reappointment or for an increase in pay based in whole
  or in part on performance; and '.
  (f) REPEAL OF RESTRICTIONS ON APPOINTMENT OF RETIRED MEMBERS OF THE ARMED
  FORCES TO POSITIONS IN THE DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE- Section 3326 of title 5,
  United States Code, is repealed.
  (g) ADJUSTMENT OF AMOUNT PAYABLE ON THE BASIS OF DUTY AT REMOTE WORKSITE-
  Section 5942 of title 5, United States Code, is amended--
  (1) by inserting `(a)' before `Notwithstanding'; and
  (2) by adding at the end the following new subsection:
  `(b) Under procedures prescribed by the President, the maximum allowance
  specified in subsection (a) may be adjusted from time to time in the
  interest of recruiting and retaining employees for performance of duty at
  remote worksites.'.
  (h) STUDENT LOAN REPAYMENTS- (1) Chapter 41 of title 5, United States Code,
  as amended by subsection (d)(1), is further amended by adding at the end
  thereof the following new section:
`Sec. 4120. Student loan repayments
  `(a)(1) In order to recruit or retain highly qualified persons for
  scientific, engineering, and professional positions in the Executive branch,
  the Director of the Office of Personnel Management may establish a program
  under which the head of an executive agency repays a student loan of an
  employee of that executive agency who enters into an agreement referred
  to in subsection (c).
  `(2) Payments under this section may not, in the case of any employee,
  exceed--
  `(A) $6,000 in any calendar year; or
  `(B) a total of $40,000.
  `(3) The head of an executive agency may not reimburse an employee under
  this section for any student loan payments made by the employee before
  the employee enters into an agreement under subsection (c).
  `(b)(1) The head of an executive agency may not repay a student loan
  of an employee under this section unless the employee first enters into
  a written agreement with the head of the executive agency in which the
  employee agrees--
  `(A) to remain employed in the Executive branch for a period specified in
  the agreement (which may not be less than 3 years) unless involuntarily
  separated (other than for misconduct); and
  `(B) if involuntarily separated for misconduct, or voluntarily separated,
  before the end of the period specified in the agreement, to reimburse the
  United States the amount of the loan payments made for the employee under
  this section.
  `(2) The agreement may include any additional terms, limitations, and
  conditions relating to repayment of a student loan that are agreed to by
  the head of the executive agency and the employee.
  `(c)(1) An obligation to reimburse the United States imposed pursuant
  to an agreement entered into under subsection (c) is, for all purposes,
  a debt owed to the United States.
  `(2) Upon a failure of any person to repay an amount required under the
  agreement, the sum equal to the amount owed by such person may be recovered
  by the Federal Government from such person (or such person's estate) by--
  `(A) setoff against accrued pay, compensation, retirement annuity or retired
  or retainer pay, or other amount otherwise payable to such person by the
  Federal Government; and
  `(B) any other method provided by law for the recovery of amounts owed
  the United States.
  `(3) The head of an executive agency that entered into an agreement with
  an employee under subsection (a) may waive, in whole or in part, a right
  of recovery under this subsection in connection with such agreement if
  the recovery would be against equity and good conscience or against the
  public interest.
  `(4) The amount of any loan repayment recovered from any person (or estate)
  under this subsection shall be credited to the account from which the loan
  repayment was originally made.
  `(5) A discharge of any person in bankruptcy under title 11 that is entered
  less than 5 years after the termination of such person's employment in
  the Executive branch does not discharge such person from a debt of such
  person under paragraph (1).
  `(d) Repayment of an employee's student loan under this section shall be
  terminated if the employee--
  `(1) ceases to be employed in the Executive branch; or
  `(2) does not maintain an acceptable level of performance, as determined
  under standards and procedures prescribed by the Director of the Office
  of Personnel Management.
  `(e) In selecting employees to receive benefits under this section, the
  head of an executive agency  shall attempt, consistent with the merit
  system principles set out in paragraphs (1) and (2) of section 2301(b)
  of this title,  to achieve and maintain a balanced workforce in which
  women and members of racial and ethnic minority groups are appropriately
  represented in Federal Government service.
  `(f) Payment of a student loan of an employee under this section is in
  addition to basic pay and any other form of compensation otherwise payable
  to the employee.
  `(g) The total number of loan repayment agreements entered into under
  subsection (c) in any fiscal year may not exceed 500.
  `(h) The Director of the Office of Personnel Management  shall prescribe
  regulations to carry out this section.
  `(i) In this section, the term `student loan' means--
  `(1) a loan made, insured, or guaranteed under part B of title IV of the
  Higher Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 1071 et seq.);
  `(2) a loan made under part E of such title (20 U.S.C. 1087aa et seq.); and
  `(3) a health education assistance loan made or insured under part C of
  title VII of the Public Health Service Act (42 U.S.C. 294 et seq.) or
  under part B of title VIII of such Act (42 U.S.C. 297 et seq.).
  `(j) No loan repayment agreement may be entered into under this section
  after September 30, 1993.'.
  (2) The table of sections at the beginning of chapter 41 of such title,
  as amended by subsection (d)(2), is further amended by adding at the end
  thereof the following:
`4120. Student loan repayments.'.
  (i) SEPARATE MAINTENANCE ALLOWANCE FOR EMPLOYEES IN PANAMA- Section
  5924(3) of title 5, United States Code, is amended by adding at the end
  the following: `Notwithstanding section 1217(d) of the Panama Canal Act
  of 1979 (22 U.S.C. 3657(d)), for the purposes of this paragraph, the term
  `foreign area' includes the Republic of Panama.'.
  (j) REPORT REQUIREMENT- Not later than May 15, 1993, the Comptroller
  General of the United States shall submit a report to Congress regarding
  the exercise, if any, of the authority provided in sections 4119 and 4120
  of title 5,  United States Code, as added by subsections (d) and (h). The
  report shall contain the Comptroller General's assessment of the extent
  to which the exercise of such authority has been effective in improving
  the quality of the civilian workforce in the Executive branch.
  (k) CRITICAL-POSITION PAY AUTHORITY- (1) Subchapter I of chapter 53 of
  title 5, United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following
  new section:
`Sec. 5309. Critical-position pay authority
  `(a) The Director of the Office of Personnel Management, in consultation
  with the Director of the Office of Management and Budget, may, from time
  to time, allocate and reallocate among the departments and agencies of
  the executive branch, critical-position pay authority for not to exceed
  a Government-wide total of 800 positions.
  `(b) The head of an agency that receives an allocation of critical-position
  pay authority may exercise such authority for not to exceed the number of
  positions for which authority is received from the Director of the Office
  of Personnel Management under subsection (a).
  `(c) For purposes of this section, `critical-position pay authority' means
  the authority for the head of an agency, notwithstanding any other law,
  including any provision of this chapter, to fix the rate of basic pay for
  any position which such agency head determines to be a critical position
  at an annual rate that does not exceed the rate in effect for level I
  of the Executive Schedule, except that the aggregate annual amount paid
  (including any allowance, bonus, award, or other direct compensation) to
  an employee under this section during any fiscal year may not exceed the
  annual rate payable for positions at level I of the Executive Schedule in
  effect at the end of such fiscal year.
  `(d) Critical-position pay authority for a position may be reexercised when
  a position becomes vacant and is refilled only upon a redetermination by the
  agency head that the position remains a critical position within the meaning
  of this section. Such authority may be reexercised only if the allocation
  made by the Director of the Office of Personnel Management required for
  such exercise under subsection (a) is reconfirmed by the Director of the
  Office of Personnel Management at the time of such reexercise.
  `(e) In determining whether a position is a critical position to which
  this section shall apply, the head of the agency shall consider--
  `(1) the extent to which the position requires expertise of an extremely
  high level in a scientific, technical, professional, or administrative field;
  `(2) the extent to which additional compensation is necessary to recruit
  or retain exceptionally qualified individuals; and
  `(3) the extent to which the position is critical to the agency's successful
  accomplishment of an important mission.
  `(f)(1) The Office of Personnel Management shall establish a Critical
  Position Advisory Panel to make recommendations on--
  `(A) the criteria that should be used to determine which positions should
  be critical positions; and
  `(B) the qualifications that should be expected of individuals assigned
  to critical positions.
  `(2) The panel shall be composed of members with exceptional expertise
  and experience in management, administration, and personnel matters.
  `(h) On October 1 of each year, the Office of Personnel Management shall
  submit a report to the Congress listing all critical-pay positions in
  the Government.'.
  (2) The table of sections at the beginning of such chapter is amended by
  inserting after the item relating to section 5308 the following new item:
`5309. Critical-position pay authority.'.
SEC. 833. POST-EMPLOYMENT RESTRICTIONS
  (a) EXTENSION OF PERIOD OF SUSPENSION OF CERTAIN PROVISIONS OF LAW- Section
  507 of the Ethics Reform Act of 1989 (Public Law 101-194; 103 Stat. 1759)
  is amended by striking out `one year after such day' and inserting in lieu
  thereof `May 31, 1991'.
  (b) TECHNICAL AMENDMENT- Section 814(d) of the National Defense Authorization
  Act for Fiscal Years 1990 and 1991 (Public Law 101-189; 103 Stat. 1498)
  is amended by inserting at the end the following new paragraph:
  `(3) The amendment made by paragraph (2) shall remain in effect on and
  after January 1, 1991.'.
SEC. 834.  ALTERNATIVE PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT DEMONSTRATION PROGRAMS FOR
CERTAIN FEDERAL GOVERNMENT LABORATORIES
  (a) PURPOSE- The purpose of this section is to provide a basis for
  evaluating one or more alternative personnel management systems for
  scientific positions, engineering positions, technical support positions
  (including positions requiring proficiency in advanced mathematics) and
  managerial positions in Federal Government laboratories in order to enhance
  the recruitment, retention, and motivation of well-qualified civilian
  personnel for such positions and to provide appropriate compensation for
  such personnel.
  (b) DEMONSTRATION PROGRAM- (1) Not later than one year after the date of
  the enactment of this Act--
  (A) the Director of the Office of Personnel and Management--
  (i) shall designate one or more agencies to conduct one or more demonstration
  programs for the purpose of this section; and
  (ii) with the head of each agency so designated, shall jointly develop
  each such demonstration program for such agency; and
  (B) the head of each agency so designated shall implement the demonstration
  program or programs jointly developed with the Director.
  (2)(A) The head of an agency designated to conduct a demonstration program
  shall designate--
  (i) the agency laboratory or laboratories that are to be involved in the
  demonstration program; and
  (ii) the scientific positions, engineering positions, technical support,
  or managerial positions at each such laboratory that are to be covered by
  the alternative personnel management system implemented pursuant to the
  demonstration program.
  (B) The head of an agency may designate for coverage by an alternative
  personnel management system pursuant to subparagraph (A) only those
  positions the rates of basic pay for which would be established, except
  for this section, under--
  (i) section 3104 of title 5, United States Code, relating to specially
  qualified personnel;
  (ii) subchapter III of chapter 53 of such title, relating to the General
  Schedule; or
  (iii) chapter 54 of such title, relating to the performance management
  and recognition system.
  (3) Each alternative personnel management system implemented pursuant to
  the demonstration program shall cover a sufficient number of employees
  to provide an adequate basis on which to evaluate the feasibility and
  desirability of implementing such a system on a broader scale in Federal
  Government laboratories.
  (4) The demonstration programs conducted pursuant to this section shall
  not be considered as demonstration programs for the purposes of section
  4703 of title 5, United States Code.
  (c) CLASSIFICATION- Each alternative personnel management system implemented
  pursuant to a demonstration program under this section shall provide for the
  classification of employee positions in occupational groups. An occupational
  group shall include positions that are similar in the following respects:
  (1) The responsibilities and complexities of the positions.
  (2) Qualifications necessary for performance of such responsibilities.
  (d) PAY RANGES- (1) A range of rates of basic pay shall be established
  for the positions in each occupational group.
  (2) The minimum rate of basic pay in a pay range shall be equal to the lowest
  minimum rate of basic pay provided for any position in such occupational
  group under the classification and pay system that, except for this section,
  would be applicable to that position.
  (3)(A) Subject to subparagraph (B), the maximum rate of basic pay in a pay
  range shall be equal to the highest maximum rate of basic pay provided for
  any position in such occupational group under the classification and pay
  system that, except for this section, would be applicable to that position.
  (B) The maximum rate of basic pay of a pay range applicable under an
  alternative personnel management system to positions in an agency laboratory
  may exceed the maximum rate permitted under subparagraph (A) if the head
  of the agency determines that, because of adverse working conditions at
  the laboratory or the undesirability of the geographical location of the
  laboratory, the increased maximum rate of basic pay is necessary to ensure
  the recruitment and retention of a sufficient staff of qualified employees.
  (C) The maximum rate of basic pay established under subparagraph (B)
  for a pay range applicable to positions in an agency laboratory may not
  exceed the lesser of--
  (i) the rate necessary to ensure the recruitment and retention of a
  sufficient staff of qualified employees, as determined by the head of
  such agency;
  (ii) the amount equal to 160 percent of the maximum rate of basic pay that,
  except for such subparagraph, would be permitted under subparagraph (A); or
  (iii) the rate of basic pay for level V of the Executive Schedule under
  section 5316 of title 5, United States Code.
  (4) The minimum and maximum rates of basic pay in a pay range shall be
  adjusted at the same times and to the same extent as the rates of basic
  pay under the statutory pay systems pursuant to section 5305 of title 5,
  United States Code.
  (e) SPECIFIC RATES OF BASIC PAY- (1) For each alternative personnel
  management system implemented at an agency laboratory under a demonstration
  program conducted at such laboratory, the head of such agency shall prescribe
  the criteria for establishing, within the applicable pay range, the initial
  rate of basic pay of an employee appointed to a position covered by the
  system and for increasing the employee's rate of basic pay within such
  pay range.
  (2) Subject to paragraph (3), the head of an agency laboratory shall
  establish the initial rate of basic pay for an employee within a pay range,
  and from time to time increase the rate of basic pay of the employee
  referred to in paragraph (1) within the pay range, on the basis of the
  criteria prescribed under paragraph (1).
  (3) In the case of an employee employed in a position at an agency
  laboratory immediately before that position becomes covered by an
  alternative personnel management system under this section, the rate of
  basic pay established for such employee under the alternative personnel
  management system may not be less than the rate of basic pay payable to
  such employee immediately before the position becomes covered by such system.
  (f) OTHER PAY- (1) Each alternative personnel management system shall
  provide for payment of managerial differential pay for managerial personnel
  and supervisory differential pay for supervisory personnel. The payment of
  differential pay to an employee in a managerial or supervisory position shall
  be in addition to the payment of the basic pay provided for such employee.
  (2) Each alternative personnel management system applicable to an agency
  laboratory shall provide for payment of cash awards for meritorious
  performance subject to budgetary considerations of such laboratory.
  (3) Each alternative personnel management system shall provide for payment
  of recruitment bonuses and retention bonuses when necessary to meet employee
  recruitment and retention needs.
  (4) Differential pay, cash awards, recruitment bonuses, and retention
  bonuses may not be considered as basic pay for any purpose.
  (g) TRAVEL ALLOWANCES- Each alternative personnel management system shall
  provide for payment of reasonable travel expenses of--
  (1) a new appointee for a position covered by such system to the same
  extent as is provided for a new appointee to the Senior Executive Service
  under section 5723(a)(1)(B) of title 5, United States Code; and
  (2) a candidate for appointment to a position covered by such system, and
  the candidate's spouse (if any), in connection with an employment interview.
  (h) APPLICATION AND APPOINTMENT PROCEDURES- Each alternative personnel
  management system implemented at an agency laboratory shall include
  procedures--
  (1) for a candidate for appointment to a position covered by such system
  to submit an application directly to the head of the laboratory; and
  (2) consistent with sections 2301 and 3309 of title 5, United States Code,
  for appointment and assignment of a person directly to such a position at
  such laboratory.
  (i) PERFORMANCE EVALUATIONS- Each alternative personnel management system
  shall provide procedures for evaluating the job performance of employees
  covered by the system.
  (j) LIMITATIONS ON PROGRAM COSTS- (1) The total amount of the personnel
  costs incurred by the Federal Government for employees in positions covered
  by an alternative personnel management system under a demonstration program
  conducted under this section may not exceed the total amount of the personnel
  costs that, except for the implementation of such alternative personnel
  management system, would have been incurred by the Federal Government for
  such employees.
  (2) The total amount paid an employee as basic pay, differential pay,
  recruitment bonuses, retention bonuses, and performance awards under an
  alternative personnel management system under this section in any fiscal
  year may not exceed the rate of basic pay for level I of the Executive
  Schedule under section 5312 of title 5, United States Code, as in effect
  on the last day of such fiscal year.
  (k) PROGRAM PLAN; PROJECT REVIEW- (1) Before implementing a demonstration
  under this section, the head of the agency in which the program is conducted
  shall develop a plan for such program.
  (2) The plan for a program shall--
  (A) provide criteria for the evaluation of such program; and
  (B) specify the total number of employee positions to be covered by the
  program when the program is fully implemented.
  (3) The head of the agency shall submit the program plan to the Comptroller
  General of the United States at least 60 days before the program is
  implemented.
  (4) Not later than one year after the implementation of a demonstration
  program, and on an annual basis thereafter during the period in which
  demonstration programs are conducted under this section, the Comptroller
  General shall review each demonstration program to determine whether the
  program meets the criteria specified in the program plan.
  (5)  The Comptroller General shall submit an annual report containing the
  results of the review to--
  (A) the Committees on Armed Services and Governmental Affairs of the Senate;
  (B) the Committees on Armed Services and Post Office and Civil Service of
  the House of Representatives; and
  (C) the Secretary or agency head.
  (l) DEFINITIONS- In this section:
  (1) The term `agency' has the meaning given the term `Executive agency'
  in section 105 of title 5, United States Code.
  (2) The term `agency laboratory' means a Federal Government laboratory of
  an agency.
  (3) The term `Federal Government laboratory' means a government-owned,
  government-operated laboratory within an agency.
  (4) The term `employee' has the meaning given such term in section 2105
  of title 5, United States Code.
  (m) TERMINATION DATE- Each demonstration program conducted pursuant to
  this section shall terminate not later than 10 years after the date on
  which such program begins.
Part D--National Defense Stockpile
SEC. 841. NATIONAL DEFENSE STOCKPILE ACQUISITION AND DISPOSAL AUTHORITY FOR
FISCAL YEAR 1991 AND TRANSFER OF FUNDS
  (a) ACQUISITION AND DISPOSAL AUTHORITY- (1) Section 3303 of the National
  Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Years 1990 and 1991 (Public Law 101-189;
  103 Stat. 1686) is amended--
  (A) in subsection (a)--
  (i) by striking out `During each of fiscal years 1990 and 1991, the'
  and inserting `The' in lieu thereof; and
  (ii) by inserting `during fiscal year 1990, and $120,000,000 during fiscal
  year 1991,' after `$180,000,000'; and
  (B) in subsection (b), by striking out `amount' and inserting in lieu
  thereof `amounts'.
  (2) Section 3302(d) of such Act is amended--
  (A) by striking out `FISCAL YEARS 1990 AND 1991- ' and inserting in lieu
  thereof `FISCAL YEAR 1990- ';
  (B) by striking out `each of the fiscal years 1990 and 1991' and inserting
  in lieu thereof `fiscal year 1990'; and
  (C) by striking out `each such fiscal year' and inserting in lieu thereof
  `such fiscal year'.
  (b) TRANSFER OF FUNDS- The Secretary of Defense shall, subject to such
  limitations as may be provided in appropriations Acts, transfer $100,000,000
  from the unobligated balance of the National Defense Stockpile Transaction
  Fund to the account established under section 2371(e) of title 10, United
  States Code.
SEC. 842. NATIONAL DEFENSE STOCKPILE TRANSACTION FUND
  Paragraph (2) of section 9(b) of the Strategic and Critical Materials Stock
  Piling Act (50 U.S.C. 98h) is amended by adding at the end the following
  new subparagraph:
  `(G) Managing and maintaining the stockpile materials.'.
Part E--Miscellaneous
SEC. 851. EXPANSION OF SCOPE OF REQUIREMENTS RELATING TO DEFENSE MEMORANDA
OF UNDERSTANDING AND RELATED AGREEMENTS
  Section 2504(a) of title 10, United States Code, is amended by inserting `or
  to the reciprocal procurement of defense items,' after `defense equipment,'
  in the matter above clause (1).
SEC. 852. COOPERATION WITH JAPAN ON TECHNOLOGICAL RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT
  (a) FINDINGS- Congress makes the following findings:
  (1) Japan has developed highly sophisticated research and manufacturing
  capabilities.
  (2) Those capabilities have produced technologies that can be usefully
  applied to the development and manufacture of both commercial products
  and defense equipment.
  (3) The availability of those technologies to the United States would
  greatly enhance the development and manufacture of defense equipment for
  the Armed Forces of the United States.
  (4) Since the exchange of notes between the United States and Japan on the
  transfer of Japanese military technologies in 1983, the level and quality of
  technological cooperation between the two countries have been unsatisfactory.
  (5) Effective cooperation in technology research and development between
  the United States and Japan would enhance the security of both countries.
  (b) SENSE OF CONGRESS- It is the sense of Congress that--
  (1) the United States and Japan should strengthen their cooperation with
  regard to technology that would contribute to the security of both countries;
  (2) technological cooperation between the two countries should be based
  upon an equitable and mutual sharing of the costs and benefits of that
  cooperation; and
  (3) the Secretary of Defense should improve the staffing, funding, and
  organization of those activities within the Department of Defense responsible
  for implementing and overseeing technological cooperation with Japan.
  (c) COOPERATION ON RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT- In light of the expressions
  in subsections (a) and (b), Congress urges and requests the President and
  directs the Secretary of Defense to pursue vigorously opportunities for
  the United States and Japan to cooperate in the development of technologies
  that benefit the security of both countries, particularly those technologies
  that have both commercial and military applications, commonly referred to as
  `dual-use' technologies.
  (d) COOPERATIVE RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT PROJECTS- (1) Subject to paragraphs
  (2) and (3), of the funds authorized to be appropriated pursuant to
  section 201 for basic research, exploratory development, and advanced
  technology, $10,000,000 shall be available for research and development
  projects conducted jointly by the United States and Japan, pursuant to a
  memorandum of understanding or other formal agreement, for the purpose of--
  (A) developing new conventional defense equipment; or
  (B) modifying existing defense equipment to meet United States defense
  requirements.
  (2)(A) Funds made available for research and development projects under
  paragraph (1) may be obligated and expended for a particular research
  project only if the Secretary of Defense determines that--
  (i) the particular project will improve, through the application of
  emerging technology, the conventional defense capabilities of the United
  States and Japan; and
  (ii) the applicable memorandum of understanding or other formal agreement
  provides for the sharing of costs on an equitable basis.
  (B) The Secretary may delegate the performance of the responsibility to
  make determinations under subparagraph (A) only to the Deputy Secretary
  of Defense or the Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition.
  (3) None of the funds made available for research and development projects
  under paragraph (1) may be used for research and development under the
  Strategic Defense Initiative.
  (e) STAFFING- The Secretary of Defense is urged to increase the number of
  personnel assigned to the Office of the Deputy Under Secretary of Defense
  (International Programs) for the specific purpose of providing oversight
  of the joint research and development projects of the United States and
  Japan for which funds are made available under subsection (d).
SEC. 853. ADVISORY COMMISSION ON CONSOLIDATION AND CONVERSION OF DEFENSE
RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT LABORATORIES
  (a) ESTABLISHMENT- There is established a commission to be known as the
  `Commission on the Consolidation and Conversion of Defense Research and
  Development Laboratories' (hereafter in this section referred to as the
  `Commission').
  (b) DUTIES- (1) The Commission shall conduct a study to determine the
  feasibility and desirability of various means to improve the operation of
  laboratories of the Department of Defense.
  (2) In conducting the study described in this subsection, the Commission
  shall--
  (A) consider such means as--
  (i) conversion of some or all such laboratories to Government-owned,
  contractor-operated laboratories;
  (ii) modification of the missions and functions of some or all such
  laboratories; and
  (iii) consolidation or closure of some or all such laboratories; and
  (B) determine--
  (i) the short-term costs and long-term cost savings that are likely to
  result from such consolidation, closure, or conversion; and
  (ii) a proposed schedule for each consolidation, closure, or conversion
  of a laboratory considered appropriate by the Commission.
  (c) COMPOSITION- (1) The Commission shall be composed of 13 members,
  as follows:
  (A) The Director of Defense Research and Engineering who shall be the
  chairman of the Commission.
  (B) Six members appointed by the Secretary of Defense from among officers
  and employees of the Federal Government, including at least one director
  of a research and development laboratory of each military department.
  (C) Six members appointed by the Secretary from among persons in the
  private sector.
  (2) The Secretary of Defense shall make all appointments under subparagraphs
  (B) and (C) of paragraph (1) within 60 days after the date of the enactment
  of this Act.
  (3) Members shall be appointed for the life of the Commission. Any vacancy
  in the Commission shall not affect its powers, but shall be filled in the
  same manner as the original appointment.
  (d) MEETINGS; QUORUM- (1) The Commission shall convene its first meeting
  within 15 days after the first date on which all members of the Commission
  have been appointed. Thereafter, the Commission shall meet at the discretion
  of its Chairman or at the call of a majority of its members.
  (2) Seven members of the Commission shall constitute a quorum, but a lesser
  number may hold hearings.
  (e) COMPENSATION OF MEMBERS; TRAVEL EXPENSES- (1) Each member of the
  Commission who is not an officer or employee of the Federal Government shall
  be compensated at a rate equal to the daily equivalent of the annual rate of
  basic pay prescribed for grade GS-18 of the General Schedule under section
  5332 of title 5, United States Code, for each day (including travel time)
  during which such member is engaged in the performance of the duties of
  the Commission. All members of the Commission who are officers or employees
  of the United States shall serve without compensation in addition to that
  received for their services as officers or employees of the United States.
  (2) The members of the Commission shall be allowed travel expenses, including
  per diem in lieu of subsistence, at rates authorized for employees of
  agencies under subchapter I of chapter 57 of title 5, United States Code,
  while away from their homes or regular places of business in the performance
  of services for the Commission.
  (3) Any Federal Government employee may be detailed to the Commission
  without reimbursement, and such detail shall be without interruption or
  loss of civil service status or privilege.
  (f) REPORT TO SECRETARY- Not later than September 30, 1991, the Commission
  shall submit to the Secretary a report containing the Commission's
  recommendations regarding the matters considered and determined by the
  Commission pursuant to subsection (b).
  (g) REPORT BY SECRETARY- Not later than 30 days after the date of the
  submission of the report pursuant to subsection (f), the Secretary shall
  transmit such report to each House of the Congress, together with any
  comments that the Secretary considers appropriate.
  (h) TERMINATION- The Commission shall terminate 90 days after the date
  on which the Commission submits its report to the Secretary pursuant to
  subsection (g).
SEC. 854. NATIONAL DEFENSE SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING EDUCATION
  (a) IN GENERAL- (1) Chapter 111 of title 10, United States Code, is amended
  by adding at the end the following:
`Sec. 2192. Science, mathematics, and engineering education
  `(a) The Secretary of Defense shall, on a continuing basis--
  `(1) identify actions which the Department of Defense can take to increase
  the capabilities of educational institutions in the United States to
  improve education in the scientific, mathematics, and engineering skills
  necessary to meet the long-term national defense needs of the United States
  for personnel proficient in such skills; and
  `(2) establish and conduct programs to carry out such actions.
  `(b) The Secretary shall designate an individual within the Office of the
  Secretary of Defense to advise the Secretary regarding matters relating to
  science, mathematics, and engineering education and training and to assist
  the Secretary in carrying out the responsibilities of the Secretary under
  subsection (a), including the following:
  `(1) Administering science or engineering grant programs established in
  the Department of Defense.
  `(2) Collecting and disseminating information on Department of Defense
  programs which encourage the study of science, mathematics, and engineering
  and on Department of Defense programs which enhance the scientific,
  mathematics, and engineering skills of personnel in the scientific and
  engineering workforce.
  `(3) Coordinating and overseeing all Department of Defense activities
  associated with science, mathematics, and engineering education and training.
  `(4) Establishing programs for the encouragement of science, mathematics,
  and engineering education and training at all levels of education.
`Sec. 2193. Science and mathematics education improvement programs
  `(a) The Secretary of Defense shall establish not less than two programs
  for awarding grants to public colleges or universities in the United
  States for the purpose of improving undergraduate or graduate education
  in scientific disciplines critical to the national security functions
  of the Department of Defense. In awarding grants under this subsection,
  the Secretary shall give priority to educational programs and projects
  intended to stimulate the interest of women and members of minority groups
  in pursuing scientific and engineering careers.
  `(b) The Secretary of Defense shall establish not less than two programs
  for the purpose of improving the mathematics and scientific knowledge and
  skills of elementary and secondary school teachers and students.
`Sec. 2194. Education partnerships
  `(a) Each defense laboratory director shall, to the extent practicable,
  enter into one or more education partnership agreements with public school
  systems, colleges, and universities in the United States for the purpose
  of encouraging and enhancing study in scientific disciplines at all levels
  of education.
  `(b) Under a partnership agreement entered into with an educational
  institution under this section, a defense laboratory director may provide
  assistance to the educational institution by--
  `(1) loaning equipment to the institution;
  `(2) transferring to the institution equipment determined by the director
  to be obsolete;
  `(3) making laboratory personnel available to teach science courses or
  to assist in the development of science courses and materials for the
  institution;
  `(4) involving faculty and students of the institution in defense laboratory
  research projects;
  `(5) cooperating with the institution in developing a program under which
  students are given academic credit for work on defense laboratory research
  projects; and
  `(6) providing academic and career advice and assistance to students of
  the institution.
  `(c) Each director of a defense laboratory shall give a priority under
  this section to entering into an education partnership agreement with one
  or more historically Black colleges and universities and other minority
  institutions referred to in paragraphs (3), (4), and (5) of section 312(b)
  of the Higher Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 1058(b)).
  `(d) In entering into education partnership agreements with public school
  systems under this section, each director of a defense laboratory shall
  give a priority to providing assistance to educational institutions serving
  women, members of minority groups, and other groups of individuals who
  traditionally are involved in the engineering and science professions in
  disproportionately low numbers.
`Sec. 2195. Department of Defense cooperative education programs
  `(a) The director of each defense laboratory may establish, in association
  with one or more public or private colleges or universities in the United
  States, cooperative work-education programs for undergraduate and graduate
  students.
  `(b) Under a cooperative work-education program established under subsection
  (a), a director referred to in that subsection may, without regard to any
  applicable non-statutory limitation on the number of authorized personnel
  or on the aggregate amount of any personnel cost--
  `(1) make an offer for participation in the cooperative work-education
  program directly to a student and appoint such student to an entry-level
  position of employment in the laboratory of such director;
  `(2) pay such person a rate of basic pay, not to exceed the maximum rate
  of pay provided for grade GS-9 under the General Schedule under section
  5332 of title 5, that is competitive with compensation levels provided
  for entry-level positions in similar industry-sponsored cooperative
  work-education programs; and
  `(3) pay all travel expenses between the college or university in which
  the student is enrolled and the laboratory concerned for not more than
  six round trips per year.
`Sec. 2196. Definition
  `In this chapter, `defense laboratory' means a laboratory operated by the
  Department of Defense, a contractor-operated laboratory of the Department
  of Energy engaged in national defense programs of such department, and any
  other federally funded research and development center engaged in research
  and development in support of national defense programs.'.
  (2) The heading of such chapter is amended to read as follows:
`CHAPTER 111--SUPPORT OF SCIENCE, MATHEMATICS, AND ENGINEERING EDUCATION'.
  (3)(A) The tables of chapters at the beginning of subtitle A of title 10,
  United States Code, and at the beginning of part III of such subtitle are
  each amended by striking out the item relating to chapter 111 and inserting
  in lieu thereof the following:
2191'.
  (B) The table of sections at the beginning of such chapter is amended by
  adding at the end the following:
`2192. Science, mathematics, and engineering education.
`2193. Science and mathematics education improvement programs.
`2194. Education partnerships.
`2195. Department of Defense cooperative education programs.
`2196. Definition.'.
  (b) ESTABLISHMENT OF GRANT PROGRAMS- The Secretary may satisfy the
  requirement to establish a grant program under section 2193(a) of title 10,
  United States Code, as added by subsection (a), by designating as a grant
  program under that section any existing grant program of the Department of
  Defense established for making grants to public colleges or universities
  in the United States for the purpose set out in that section.
  (c) DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY PROGRAMS- The Secretary of Energy may establish
  programs and award grants for the purpose of enhancing the mathematics,
  science, and engineering education of students in elementary and secondary
  schools and institutions of higher education.
SEC. 855. SUSPENSION OF PAYMENTS
  (a) IN GENERAL- Section 2307 of title 10, United States Code, is amended
  by adding at the end the following new subsection:
  `(f) In any case in which the head of an agency determines that there is
  substantial evidence that the request of a contractor for advance, partial,
  progress, or other payment under a contract awarded by that agency head
  is fraudulent, the agency head may suspend further payments under the
  contract unless the suspension would unduly interfere with or jeopardize
  a law enforcement investigation.'.
  (b) INFORMATION FROM CONTRACTOR- Subsection (e)(1) of such section is
  amended by adding at the end the following new sentence: `The contractor
  shall provide such information and evidence as the Secretary of Defense
  determines sufficient to permit the Secretary to carry out the preceding
  sentence.'.
  (c) EFFECTIVE DATE- Section 2307(f) of title 10, United States Code, and the
  second sentence of section 2307(e)(1) of such title, as added by subsections
  (a) and (b), respectively, shall apply with respect to contracts in effect
  on the date of the enactment of this Act and contracts entered into on
  and after that date.
SEC. 856. ESTABLISHMENT OF DARPA OFFICE IN JAPAN
  (a) IN GENERAL- The Secretary of Defense shall establish a branch office
  of the Defense Advance Research Projects Agency (DARPA) of the Department
  of Defense in Japan.
  (b) FUNCTION OF BRANCH OFFICE- It shall be the function of the branch
  office established pursuant to subsection (a)--
  (1) to investigate and evaluate opportunities for cooperation between the
  United States and Japan for the development of technologies of interest
  to the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA); and
  (2) to make such recommendations to the Director of the Defense Advanced
  Research Projects Agency as the branch office considers appropriate regarding
  the desirability of DARPA entering into a cooperative arrangement with
  Japan with respect to the development of particular technologies.
SEC. 857. PAYMENT OF MASS TRANSIT COSTS OF EMPLOYEES UNDER CERTAIN GOVERNMENT
CONTRACTS
  (a) IN GENERAL- No later than 180 days after the date of the enactment of
  this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall issue a regulation to provide that
  mass transit costs incurred by contractor employees in commuting to a place
  of performance of a contract for the Department of Defense may be treated
  in the same manner as parking costs of contractor employees are treated
  under such contract, to the extent that the Secretary deems appropriate,
  and consistent with otherwise applicable cost principles.
  (b) MASS TRANSIT COSTS- The mass transit costs referred to under subsection
  (a) may include the cost of transit tokens, farecards, or other access
  devices for an employee commuting on mass transit.
  (c) LIMITATION- The mass transit costs payable to or for an employee under
  any contract described under subsection (a) may not exceed the parking
  costs which would be payable to or for an employee under such contract.
SEC. 858. MENTOR-PROTEGE PILOT PROGRAM
  (a) ESTABLISHMENT OF PILOT PROGRAM- The Secretary of Defense shall establish
  a pilot program to be known as the `Mentor-Protege Pilot Program'.
  (b) PURPOSE- The purpose of the pilot program is to provide incentives for
  major Department of Defense contractors to furnish disadvantaged small
  business concerns with assistance designed to enhance the capabilities
  of disadvantaged small business concerns to perform as subcontractors and
  suppliers under Department of Defense contracts in order to increase the
  participation of such business concerns as subcontractors and suppliers
  in Department of Defense contract business.
  (c) PROGRAM PARTICIPANTS- (1) A business concern meeting the eligibility
  requirements set out in subsection (d) may enter into agreements under
  subsection (e) and furnish assistance to disadvantaged small business
  concerns under the pilot program pursuant to such agreement upon making
  application to the Secretary of Defense and being approved for participation
  in the pilot program by the Secretary. A business concern approved for
  participation pursuant to this paragraph shall be known, for the purposes
  of the pilot program, as a `mentor firm'.
  (2) A disadvantaged small business concern may obtain assistance from a
  mentor firm under the program upon entering into an agreement with the
  mentor firm as provided in subsection (e). A disadvantaged small business
  concern receiving such assistance shall be known, for the purposes of the
  program, as a `protege firm'.
  (3) In entering into an agreement pursuant to subsection (e), a mentor
  firm may rely in good faith on a written representation of a business
  concern that such business concern is a disadvantaged small business
  concern. The Small Business Administration shall determine the status of
  such business concern as a disadvantaged small business concern in the
  event of a protest regarding the status of such business concern. If the
  business concern is determined by the Small Business Administration not
  to be a disadvantaged small business concern, assistance furnished such
  business concern by the mentor firm after the date of the determination
  may not be considered assistance furnished under the pilot program.
  (4) It is not necessary for a disadvantaged small business concern to
  obtain the approval of the Secretary of Defense before receiving assistance
  as a protege firm under the pilot program. However, the Secretary may
  disapprove the participation of a disadvantaged small business concern in
  the program on the basis of criteria which the Secretary shall specify in
  the regulations prescribed pursuant to subsection (k). If the Secretary
  disapproves the participation of a disadvantaged small business concern in
  the program, he shall transmit a written notification of such disapproval to
  the disadvantaged small business concern and the mentor firm furnishing the
  assistance. Assistance furnished that disadvantaged small business concern
  by the mentor firm after the mentor firm receives such notification may
  not be considered as assistance furnished under the pilot program.
  (d) MENTOR FIRM ELIGIBILITY- A business concern generally eligible for
  award of contracts by the Department of Defense is eligible to enter into an
  agreement with a protege firm under subsection (e) and to furnish assistance
  under the pilot program pursuant to that agreement if, during the fiscal
  year preceding the fiscal year in which the business concern enters into
  the agreement, the total amount of the Department of Defense contracts
  awarded such business concern and the subcontracts awarded such business
  concern under Department of Defense contracts was equal to or greater than--
  (1) $100,000,000; or
  (2) such lesser amount as the Secretary specifies in the regulations
  prescribed pursuant to subsection (k) for application to any business concern
  which is a disadvantaged small business concern or, except for the size
  of that business concern, would be a disadvantaged small business concern.
  (e) MENTOR-PROTEGE AGREEMENT- (1) Before furnishing assistance to a
  protege firm under the pilot program, a mentor firm shall enter into a
  mentor-protege agreement with the protege firm regarding the assistance to
  be furnished by the mentor firm to the protege firm. The agreement shall
  include the following:
  (A) A program of assistance that is designed to develop the capabilities of
  the protege firm to perform as a subcontractor or supplier under Department
  of Defense contracts.
  (B) The period, not to exceed four years, during which the mentor firm is
  to furnish assistance to the protege firm under the agreement.
  (C) Procedures for the mentor firm or protege firm to terminate the agreement
  voluntarily and for the mentor firm to terminate the agreement for cause.
  (2) A mentor-protege agreement under this subsection may cover more than
  one protege firm.
  (f) FORMS OF ASSISTANCE- A mentor firm may furnish the following assistance
  to a protege firm:
  (1) Assistance, by using mentor firm personnel or other means, in--
  (A) general business management, including organizational management,
  financial management, and personnel management, marketing, and overall
  business planning;
  (B) engineering and technical matters such as production, inventory control,
  and quality assurance; and
  (C) any other assistance designed to develop the capabilities referred to
  in subsection (e)(1)(A).
  (2) Noncompetitive award of subcontracts under Department of Defense
  contracts to the protege firm.
  (3) Payment of progress payments for performance of the protege firm
  under such a subcontract in amounts as provided for in the subcontract,
  but in no event may any such progress payment exceed 100 percent of the
  costs incurred by the protege firm for the performance.
  (4) Advance payments under such a subcontract.
  (5) Loans.
  (6) Cash in exchange for an ownership interest in the protege firm, not
  to exceed 10 percent of the total ownership interest.
  (7) Assistance obtained by the mentor firm for the protege firm from one
  or more of the small business development centers established pursuant to
  section 21 of the Small Business Act (15 U.S.C. 648), acting to the maximum
  extent practicable in cooperation with a historically Black college or
  university or a minority institution of higher education.
  (g) INCENTIVES FOR MENTOR FIRMS- (1) The Secretary of Defense shall
  provide for the reimbursement of, a mentor firm for the total amount of any
  progress payment or advance payment made under the pilot program by the
  mentor firm to a protege firm in connection with a Department of Defense
  contract awarded the mentor firm.
  (2) The Secretary of Defense shall provide for the reimbursement of, a mentor
  firm for the costs of furnishing assistance referred to in paragraphs (1)
  and (7) of subsection (f) to a protege firm. The Secretary shall ensure
  that payment of reimbursements under this paragraph is provided for in a
  Department of Defense contract awarded to the mentor firm or in another
  agreement entered into by the Secretary and the mentor firm. The contract
  or other agreement shall specify the maximum amount of the reimbursement
  that may be made. The Secretary and the mentor firm may provide in the
  contract or other agreement for allocation of the costs to Department of
  Defense cost-reimbursement contracts awarded the mentor firm.
  (3)(A) Any costs incurred by a mentor firm in furnishing assistance to
  a protege firm that are not reimbursed pursuant to paragraph (2) shall be
  counted in the amount for which the mentor firm receives credit for purposes
  of determining whether the mentor firm attains a subcontracting participation
  goal applicable to such mentor firm under a Department of Defense contract.
  (B) The amount of the credit given a mentor firm for any such unreimbursed
  costs shall be equal to--
  (i) four times the total amount of such costs attributable to assistance
  described in subsection (f)(7);
  (ii) three times the total amount of such costs attributable to assistance
  furnished by the mentor firm's employees; and
  (iii) two times the total amount of any other such costs.
  (C) The amount of the credit given for any such unreimbursed costs may not
  exceed a maximum amount which shall be specified in the contract provision
  or agreement referred to in paragraph (2).
  (4) The Secretary of Defense shall ensure that each Department of Defense
  contract awarded a mentor firm includes a provision for payment of an
  incentive or award fee to the mentor firm if the mentor firm exceeds the
  subcontracting participation goal, if any, applicable to such mentor firm
  under the contract.
  (5) A mentor firm shall receive credit toward the attainment of a
  subcontracting participation goal applicable to such mentor firm under a
  Department of Defense contract for each subcontract for a product or service
  awarded under such contract by a mentor firm to a business concern that,
  except for its size, would be a small business concern owned and controlled
  by socially and economically disadvantaged individuals, but only if--
  (A) the size of such business concern is not more than two times the maximum
  size specified by the Administrator of the Small Business Administration
  for purposes of determining whether a business concern furnishing such
  product or service is a small business concern; and
  (B) the business concern formerly had a mentor-protege agreement with such
  mentor firm that was not terminated for cause.
  (6) Notwithstanding subsection (j), a mentor firm shall receive credit
  toward the attainment of a subcontracting participation goal applicable to
  such mentor firm under a Department of Defense contract for any subcontract
  that the mentor firm awards under that contract to a business concern
  referred to in paragraph (5) within 9 years after the date on which the
  mentor firm and such business concern entered into the mentor-protege
  agreement referred to in clause (B) of such paragraph.
  (h) NONAFFILIATION TREATMENT- For purposes of the Small Business Act,
  a protege firm may not be considered an affiliate of a mentor firm solely
  on the basis that the protege firm is receiving assistance referred to in
  subsection (f) from such mentor firm under the pilot program.
  (i) PARTICIPATION IN PILOT PROGRAM NOT TO BE A CONDITION FOR AWARD OF A
  CONTRACT OR SUBCONTRACT- A mentor firm may not require a business concern
  to enter into an agreement with the mentor firm pursuant to subsection (e)
  as a condition for being awarded a contract by the mentor firm, including
  a subcontract under a contract awarded to the mentor firm.
  (j) DURATION OF PILOT PROGRAM- The Secretary of Defense shall conduct the
  Mentor-Protege Pilot Program during the period beginning on October 1,
  1991, and ending on September 30, 1995.
  (k) REGULATIONS- The Secretary of Defense shall prescribe regulations
  to carry out the pilot program. The Secretary shall publish the proposed
  regulations not later than the earlier of April 1, 1991, or the date 180
  days after the date of the enactment of this Act. The Secretary shall
  promulgate the final regulations not later than June 1, 1991, or the date
  270 days after the date of the enactment of this Act.
  (l) DEFINITIONS- In this section:
  (1) The term `small business concern' means a business concern that meets
  the requirements of section 3(a) of the Small Business Act (15 U.S.C. 632(a))
  and the regulations promulgated pursuant thereto.
  (2) The term `disadvantaged small business concern' means a small business
  concern owned and controlled by socially and economically disadvantaged
  individuals.
  (3) The term `small business concern owned and controlled by socially and
  economically disadvantaged individuals' has the meaning given such term
  in section 8(d)(3)(C) of the Small Business Act (15 U.S.C. 637(d)(3)(C)).
  (4) The term `historically Black college and university' means any of
  the historically Black colleges and universities referred to in section
  1207(a)(2) of the Department of Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year
  1987 (10 U.S.C. 2301 note).
  (5) The term `minority institution of higher education' means an institution
  of higher education with a student body that reflects the composition
  specified in section 312(b) (3), (4), and (5) of the Higher Education Act
  of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 1058(b) (3), (4), and (5)).
  (6) The term `subcontracting participation goal', with respect to
  a Department of Defense contract, means a goal for the extent of the
  participation by disadvantaged small business concerns in the subcontracts
  awarded under such contract, as established pursuant to section 1207 of the
  Department of Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1987 (10 U.S.C. 2301
  note) and section 8(d) of the Small Business Act (15 U.S.C. 637(d)).
TITLE IX--DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE ORGANIZATION AND MANAGEMENT MATTER
Part A--Force Structure
SEC. 901. REDUCTION IN END STRENGTH FOR MILITARY PERSONNEL ASSIGNED TO DUTY
IN EUROPE
  (a) IN GENERAL- Section 911(a) of the National Defense Authorization Act for
  Fiscal Years 1990 and 1991 (22 U.S.C. 1928 note) is amended by striking out
  `311,855' and inserting in lieu thereof `261,855.'.
  (b) WAIVER AUTHORITY- (1) Subject to paragraph (2), the President may waive
  the ceiling imposed as a result of the amendment made by subsection (a)
  if the President (1) determines that the national security interests of
  the United States require such action, and (2) notifies Congress of that
  determination and of the necessity for exercising the waiver authority.
  (2) Except as provided in section 1002(f) of the Department of Defense
  Authorization Act, 1985 (22 U.S.C. 1928 note), the end strength level of
  members of the Armed Forces of the United States assigned to permanent duty
  ashore in European member nations of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization
  after September 30, 1991, may not, by virtue of a waiver exercised under
  paragraph (1), exceed 311,855.
SEC. 902. TWENTY PERCENT REDUCTION IN DEFENSE ACQUISITION WORKFORCE
  (a) REDUCTION REQUIRED- The Secretary of Defense shall take such action as
  is necessary to reduce the number of employees in the Department of Defense
  acquisition workforce on the last day of each of fiscal years 1991 through
  1995 below the number of employees in such workforce on the last day of
  the preceding fiscal year by not less than the number equal to 4 percent
  of the number of the employees in such workforce on September 30, 1990.
  (b) DEFINITION- In this section, the term `Department of Defense acquisition
  workforce' means all positions included in the description of the acquisition
  workforce in Appendix A of `Defense Management', a report of the Secretary
  of Defense to the President, dated July 1989.
SEC. 903. REDUCTION IN PERSONNEL ASSIGNED TO MANAGEMENT HEADQUARTERS ACTIVITIES
AND HEADQUARTERS SUPPORT ACTIVITIES
  (a) REDUCTION REQUIRED- The Secretary of Defense shall take such action
  as is necessary to reduce the number of members of the Armed Forces and
  civilian employees who are assigned or detailed to duty in the management
  headquarters activities and headquarters support activities of the Department
  of Defense on the last day of each of the fiscal years 1991 through 1995
  below the number of such personnel assigned or detailed to such duty on
  the last day of the preceding fiscal year by not less than the number
  equal to 4 percent of the number of such personnel assigned or detailed
  to such duty on September 30, 1990.
  (b) DEFINITION- For purposes of this section, the terms `management
  headquarters activities' and `headquarters support activities' have the
  meaning given those terms in Department of Defense Directive 5100.73,
  entitled `Department of Defense Management Headquarters and Headquarters
  Support Activities' dated November 25, 1988.
SEC. 904. INTELLIGENCE PRIORITIES AND REORGANIZATION
  (a) REVISION OF PRIORITIES AND CONSOLIDATION OF FUNCTIONS- The Secretary of
  Defense, together with the Director of Central Intelligence, shall conduct
  a joint review of all intelligence and intelligence-related activities
  in the Tactical Intelligence and Related Activities (TIARA) programs and
  the National Foreign Intelligence Program (NFIP) and take the following
  actions with respect to such programs:
  (1) Where redundancy or fragmentation exists, consolidate functions,
  programs, organizations, and operations to improve the efficiency and
  effectiveness of the conduct of such intelligence activities or programs.
  (2) Revise intelligence collection and analysis priorities and resource
  allocations to reflect changes in the international security environment.
  (3) Strengthen joint intelligence functions, operations, and organizations.
  (4) Improve the quality and independence of intelligence support to the
  weapons acquisition process.
  (5) Improve the responsiveness and utility of national intelligence systems
  and organizations to the needs of the combatant commanders.
  (b) PERSONNEL REDUCTIONS- (1) The number of personnel assigned or detailed
  to the NFIP programs and related TIARA programs shall be reduced by not
  less than 5 percent of the number of such personnel described in paragraph
  (2) during each of fiscal years 1992 through 1996.
  (2) The number of personnel referred to in paragraph (1) is the number of
  personnel assigned to such programs on September 30, 1990.
SEC. 905. ADDITIONAL FUNDING FOR UNIFIED AND SPECIFIED COMBATANT COMMANDS
FOR FISCAL YEAR 1991
   (a) IN GENERAL- (1) There is established for fiscal year 1991 a special
   account to be managed by the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff. The
   Chairman may use the special account to provide funds, upon request, to
   commanders of the unified combatant commands, the specified combatant
   commands, and the Commander, United States Element, North American
   Aerospace Defense Command for any of the following activities:
  (A) Joint exercises (including foreign country participation).
  (B) Force training.
  (C) Contingencies.
  (D) Selected operations.
  (E) Command and control.
  (F) Military education and training to military and related civilian
  personnel of foreign countries.
  (G) Personnel expenses of defense personnel for bilateral or regional
  cooperation programs.
   (H) Defense articles and services.
  (2) Any amount provided by the Chairman out of the special account for an
  activity referred to in paragraph (1) shall be in addition to any amounts
  otherwise authorized for such activity for fiscal year 1991.
  (b) AMOUNT AND SOURCE OF FUNDS- Of the amount authorized to be appropriated
  pursuant to section 301(a) for the Defense Agencies, $20,000,000 shall be
  credited to the special account referred to in subsection (a).
  (c) LIMITATIONS- (1) Not more than $3,000,000 of the amount provided in
  the special account may be used for procurement purposes and not more than
  $500,000 may be used in carrying out any single activity for which funds
  are requested by a commander and provided under this section.
  (2) Funds may not be provided under this section for any activity that
  has been denied authorization by Congress.
Part B--General Management Matters
SEC.  911. STUDY AND PLAN REGARDING MOBILITY REQUIREMENTS
  (a) STUDY AND PLAN REQUIRED- The Secretary of Defense shall conduct a
  study to determine mobility requirements for the Armed Forces and develop
  an integrated plan to meet those requirements.
  (b) REPORT REQUIRED- Not later than March 31, 1991, the Secretary shall
  submit to the congressional defense committees a report containing the
  results of the study and a copy of the plan. The report shall be in the
  same format and cover the same matters as the report submitted to Congress
  under section 203(b) of the Department of Defense Authorization Act, 1981
  (Public Law 96-342; 94 Stat. 1080).
  (c) CONTENT OF REPORT- (1) The report shall include an analysis of
  the total mix of airlift, sealift, amphibious lift, and prepositioned
  war materials necessary for the United States to respond to contingent
  threats against the national security interests of the United States during
  the remainder of the current decade and beyond. The analysis may not be
  limited to consideration of a single requirement for lift and materials
  based upon the most demanding case, but shall include an assessment of a
  range of requirements for lift and materials based upon various military
  contingencies. The analysis shall also include--
  (A) an assessment of both intratheater and intertheater lift requirements;
  and
  (B) an assessment of the total requirements for mobility, including support
  equipment and the equipment necessary for strategic mobility at unimproved
  ports, airfields, and other facilities.
  (2) The report shall also include the following:
  (A) An assessment of how requirements for airlift, sealift, amphibious lift,
  and prepositioned war materials have been affected by changing circumstances
  in Europe and elsewhere, including--
  (i) an increase in the opportunities to detect any planned attack by the
  Soviet Union;
  (ii) an increase in the time likely to be available to prepare for such
  an attack after detection;
  (iii) a reduced level of Soviet threat to the national security interests
  of the United States;
  (iv) the decreasing level of Armed Forces personnel deployed overseas;
  (v) the changing threat in Northeast Asia; and
  (vi) the changing threat in Southwest Asia.
  (B) An assessment of how such requirements are being affected by the changing
  need for global power projection in low-intensity and medium-intensity
  conflicts.
  (C) An assessment of how such requirements would be affected by the loss
  of United States military bases, and the loss of access to other military
  bases, in such overseas locations as the Philippines.
  (D) An assessment of how the reduced reliance expected to be placed by
  the Armed Forces on NATO and other allied shipping and military bases for
  employment of the Armed Forces unilaterally in contingent actions affects
  the requirements for airlift, sealift, amphibious lift, and prepositioned
  war materials.
  (E) An assessment of whether increased dependence should be placed
  upon sealift capabilities in view of the factors assessed pursuant
  to subparagraphs (A) through (D) and the potential benefits of sealift
  vessels which might be developed that would be faster than the sealift
  vessels currently available from commercial sources.
  (F) A discussion of initiatives that can be undertaken to reduce the
  time required to move forces and material from home bases to combat
  areas, including measures that can be undertaken to reduce (i) the time
  necessary for loading and unloading personnel and equipment at airports
  and seaports, (ii) the time necessary for moving ground forces to airports
  and seaports, and (iii) the delivery times from points of debarkation to
  final destinations.
SEC. 912. ELIMINATION OF STATUTORY POSITION OF CHIEF OF NAVAL RESEARCH
  Chapter 503 of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
  (1) by striking out section 5021;
  (2) in section 5022--
  (A) by redesignating subsections (a), (b) and (c) as subsections (b),
  (c) and (d), respectively; and
  (B) by inserting immediately after the section heading the following new
  subsection (a):
  `(a) There is in the Office of the Secretary of the Navy an Office of
  Naval Research.'; and
  (3) in the table of sections at the beginning of such chapter, by striking
  out the item relating to section 5021.
TITLE X--STRATEGIC ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH PROGRAM
SEC. 1001. STRATEGIC ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH PROGRAM
  (a) PROGRAM REQUIRED- (1) Title 10, United States Code, is amended by
  inserting after chapter 171 the following new chapter:
`CHAPTER 172--STRATEGIC ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH PROGRAM
`Sec.
`2901. Strategic Environmental Research Program.
`2902. Joint Strategic Environmental Research Program Council.
`2903. Executive Director.
`2904. Strategic Environmental Research Program Scientific Advisory Board.
` 2901. Strategic Environmental Research Program
  `(a) The Secretary of Defense shall establish a program to be known as the
  `Strategic Environmental Research Program'.
  `(b) The purposes of the program are as follows:
  `(1) To address environmental matters of concern to the Department of
  Defense and the Department of Energy through support for basic and applied
  research and development of technologies that can enhance the capabilities
  of those departments to meet their environmental obligations.
  `(2) To identify research, technologies, and other information developed by
  the Department of Defense and the Department of Energy for national defense
  purposes that would be useful to governmental and private organizations
  involved in the development of energy technologies and of technologies
  to address environmental restoration, waste minimization, hazardous waste
  substitution, and other environmental concerns, and to share such research,
  technologies, and other information with such governmental and private
  organizations.
  `(3) To furnish other governmental organizations and private organizations
  with data, enhanced data collection capabilities, and enhanced analytical
  capabilities for use by such organizations in the conduct of environmental
  research, including research concerning global environmental change.
  `(4) To identify technologies developed by the private sector that
  are useful for Department of Defense and Department of Energy defense
  activities concerning energy conservation, environmental restoration,
  hazardous waste substitution, and waste minimization and to provide for
  the use of such technologies in the conduct of such activities.
`Sec. 2902. Joint Strategic Environmental Research Program Council
  `(a) There is a Joint Strategic Environmental Research Program Council
  (hereafter in this chapter referred to as the `Council').
  `(b) The Council is composed of eight members as follows:
  `(1) The Assistant Secretary of Defense responsible for matters relating
  to production and logistics.
  `(2) The Director of Defense Research and Engineering.
  `(3) The Vice Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff.
  `(4) The Assistant Secretary of the Air Force responsible for matters
  relating to space.
  `(5) The Assistant Secretary of Energy responsible for matters relating
  to defense programs.
  `(6) The Assistant Secretary of Energy responsible for matters relating
  to environmental restoration and waste management.
  `(7) The Administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency, who shall
  be a non-voting member of the Council.
  `(8) The Executive Director of the Council, who shall be a non-voting member.
  `(c) The Secretary of Defense shall designate a member of the Council
  as chairman for each odd numbered fiscal year. The Secretary of Energy
  shall designate a member of the Council as chairman for each even numbered
  fiscal year.
  `(d) The Council shall have the following responsibilities:
  `(1) To prescribe policies and procedures to implement the Strategic
  Environmental Research Program.
  `(2) To enter into contracts, grants, and other financial arrangements,
  in accordance with other applicable law, to carry out the purposes of the
  Strategic Environmental Research Program.
  `(3) To prepare an annual five-year strategic environmental research plan
  that shall cover the fiscal year in which the plan is prepared and the
  four fiscal years following such fiscal year.
  `(4) To promote the maximum exchange of information, and to minimize
  duplication, regarding environmentally related research and development
  activities through close coordination with the military departments
  and Defense Agencies, agencies within the Department of Energy, other
  departments and agencies of the Federal Government, State and local
  governments, and other organizations engaged in such activities.
  `(5) To ensure that research and development activities under the Strategic
  Environmental Research Program do not duplicate other ongoing activities
  sponsored by the Department of Defense, the Department of Energy, or any
  other department or agency of the Federal Government.
  `(e) In carrying out subsection (d)(1), the Council shall prescribe policies
  and procedures--
  `(1) to provide access by Federal Government personnel, State and local
  government personnel, college and university personnel, industry personnel,
  and the general public to data under the control of or otherwise available
  to the Department of Defense or Department of Energy that is relevant to
  environmental matters by--
  `(A) identifying the sources of such data;
  `(B) publicizing the availability and sources of such data by appropriately
  targeted dissemination of publicity to such personnel and the general
  public and by other means; and
  `(C) providing for review of classified data relevant to environmental
  matters with a view to declassifying or preparing unclassified summaries
  of such data;
  `(2) to provide governmental and nongovernmental entities with analytic
  assistance, consistent with national defense missions, including access to
  military platforms for sensor deployment and access to computer capabilities,
  in order to facilitate environmental research;
  `(3) to identify energy technologies developed for national defense purposes
  (including electricity generation systems, energy storage systems,
  alternative fuels, bio-mass energy technology, and applied materials
  technology) that might have environmentally sound, energy efficient
  applications for other programs of the Department of Defense and the national
  security programs of the Department of Energy, particularly technologies
  that have the potential for industrial, commercial, and other governmental
  applications, and to support programs of research in and development of
  such applications;
  `(4) to identify and support programs of basic and applied research and
  development in technologies useful--
  `(A) to facilitate environmental compliance, remediation, and restoration
  activities of the Department of Defense and the Department of Energy;
  `(B) to minimize waste generation by such departments; or
  `(C) to substitute use of nonhazardous, nontoxic, nonpolluting, and other
  environmentally sound materials and substances for use of hazardous, toxic,
  and polluting materials and substances by such departments;
  `(5) to identify and support research, development, and application of other
  technologies developed for national defense purposes which, not only are
  directly useful for programs, projects, and activities of such departments,
  but also have useful applications for solutions to such national and
  international environmental problems as climate change and ozone depletion;
  `(6) to encourage transfer of technologies referred to in clauses (2)
  through (5) to the private sector under the Stevenson-Wydler Technology
  Innovation Act of 1980 (15 U.S.C. 3701 et seq.) and other applicable laws;
  `(7) to identify and plan for the demonstration and use of existing
  environmentally sound, energy efficient technologies developed by the
  private sector that could be used by the Department of Defense and the
  Department of Energy;
  `(8) to identify military specifications that prevent or limit the use of
  environmentally beneficial technologies, materials, and substances in the
  performance of Department of Defense or Department of Energy contracts
  and recommend changes; and
  `(9) to ensure that the research and development programs identified for
  support pursuant to the policies and procedures prescribed by the Council
  are closely coordinated with, and do not duplicate, ongoing activities
  sponsored by the Department of Defense, the Department of Energy, and
  other Federal agencies.
  `(f) The Council shall be subject to the authority, direction, and
  control of--
  `(1) the Secretary of Defense in prescribing policies and procedures under
  subsection (d)(1); and
  `(2) the Secretary of Energy in prescribing the applicability of any such
  policies and procedures to the national security programs of the Department
  of Energy.
  `(g)(1) Not later than February 1 of each year, the Council shall submit
  to the Secretary of Defense and the Secretary of Energy an annual report
  on the annual five-year strategic environmental research plan prepared
  pursuant to subsection (d)(3).
  `(2) The report shall contain the following:
  `(A) Actions to be taken during the five-year period covered by the plan
  to prevent duplication of research and development activities referred to
  in the policies and procedures prescribed pursuant to subsection (d)(1).
  `(B) A description of each project selected or recommended by the  Council
  for support and funding, including the duration of and total estimated or,
  if known, actual cost of--
  `(i) each such project supported during the fiscal year in which the plan
  is submitted and the preceding fiscal year; and
  `(ii) each such project proposed for funding during the fiscal year in
  which the annual report is submitted and the following four fiscal years.
  `(C) The amounts requested, in the budget submitted to Congress pursuant
  to section 1105(a) of title 31 for the fiscal year following the fiscal
  year in which the annual report is submitted, for the programs, projects,
  and activities of the Strategic Environmental Research Program and the
  estimated expenditures under such programs, projects, and activities during
  such following fiscal year.
  `(D) The amount made available, for the fiscal year in which the annual
  report is submitted, to each Department of Defense laboratory and Department
  of Energy laboratory.
  `(E) The amount requested in the budget referred to in subparagraph (C) for
  each Department of Defense laboratory and Department of Energy laboratory.
  `(F) Any changes in military specifications recommended by the Council,
  actions to be taken to effectuate any such recommended changes on an
  expedited basis, and the projected date for each such change.
  `(G) A description of all contracts, agreements, or other documents for
  cooperative research and development activities entered into pursuant to
  the Stevenson-Wydler Technology Innovation Act of 1980 (15 U.S.C. 3701 et
  seq.) during the fiscal year preceding the fiscal year in which the annual
  report is submitted.
  `(H) Plans for transferring technology and information to other governmental
  agencies and to nongovernmental organizations involved in environmental
  research and related matters.
  `(I) Plans to increase access to data described in subsection (e)(1).
  `(J) Such additional recommendations or proposals, including proposals for
  legislation, relating to the Strategic Environmental Research Program as
  the Council considers appropriate.
  `(3) The Council shall make a draft of the five-year strategic environmental
  research plan covered by the report available for public comment for a
  period of at least 30 days.
  `(4) Not later than March 15 of each year the Secretary of Defense
  shall transmit the annual report to the Committees on Armed Services and
  Appropriations of the Senate and House of Representatives. The Secretaries
  of Defense and Energy may submit such comments on the annual report as
  each Secretary considers appropriate.
`Sec. 2903. Executive Director
  `(a)(1) There shall be an Executive Director of the Council appointed by
  the Secretary of Defense after consultation with the Secretary of Energy.
  `(2) The position of Executive Director shall be a Senior Executive
  Service position.
  `(b) Subject to the authority, direction, and control of the Secretary of
  Defense, the Executive Director is responsible for the management of the
  Strategic Environmental Research Program in accordance with the policies
  established by the Council.
  `(c) The Executive Director may enter into contracts or other agreements in
  accordance with applicable law, except that the Executive Director shall
  first obtain the approval of the Council for any contract or agreement in
  an amount equal to or in excess of $500,000 or such lesser amount as the
  Council may prescribe.
  `(d)(1) The Executive Director, with the concurrence of the Council and
  without regard to the provisions of title 5 governing appointments in the
  competitive service, may appoint such professional and clerical staff as may
  be necessary to carry out the responsibilities and policies of the Council.
  `(2) The Executive Director, with the concurrence of the Council and
  without regard to the provisions of chapter 51 of title 5 and subchapter
  III of chapter 53 of such title, may establish the rates of basic pay for
  professional employees appointed pursuant to paragraph (1). No such rate
  of basic pay may exceed the rate of basic pay payable for GS-18 of the
  General Schedule under section 5332 of such title.
`Sec. 2904. Strategic Environmental Research Program Scientific Advisory Board
  `(a) The Secretary of Defense and the Secretary of Energy shall jointly
  appoint a Strategic Environmental Research Program Scientific Advisory
  Board (hereafter in this section referred to as the `Advisory Board')
  consisting of not less than 5 and not more than 12 members.
  `(b)(1) Members of the Advisory Board shall be appointed from among persons
  eminent in the fields of basic sciences, engineering, ocean and environmental
  sciences, education, research management, international and security affairs,
  health physics, health sciences, or social sciences, with due regard given
  to the equitable representation of scientists and engineers who are women
  or who represent minority groups. At least one member of the Advisory Board
  shall be a representative of environmental public interest groups and one
  member shall be a representative of the interests of State governments.
  `(2) The Secretary of Defense and the Secretary of Energy shall request--
  `(A) the head of the National Academy of Sciences, in consultation with the
  head of the National Academy of Engineering and the head of the Institutes
  of Medicine of the National Academy of Sciences, to nominate persons for
  appointment to the Advisory Board;
  `(B) the Council on Environmental Quality to nominate for appointment to the
  Advisory Board at least one person who is representative of environmental
  public interest groups; and
  `(C) the National Association of Governors to nominate for appointment
  to the Advisory Board at least one person who is representative of the
  interests of State governments.
  `(3) Members of the Advisory Board shall be appointed for terms of three
  years.
  `(c) A member of the Advisory Board who is not otherwise employed by the
  Federal Government shall not be considered to be a Federal employee, except
  for the purposes of chapter 81 of title 5 (relating to compensation for
  work-related injuries) and chapter 171 of title 28 (relating to tort claims).
  `(d) The Advisory Board shall prescribe procedures for carrying out its
  responsibilities. Such procedures shall define a quorum as a majority of
  the members, provide for annual election of the Chairman by the members
  of the Advisory Board, and require at least three meetings of the Advisory
  Board each year.
  `(e) Each member of the Advisory Board who is not an officer or employee
  of the Federal Government shall be paid the daily equivalent of the annual
  rate of basic pay prescribed for grade GS-18 of the General Schedule under
  section 5332 of title 5 for each day (including travel time) during which
  such member is engaged in the performance of the duties of the Advisory
  Board. All members of the Advisory Board who are officers or employees
  of the United States shall serve without compensation in addition to that
  received for their services as officers or employees of the United States.
  `(f) The members of the Advisory Board shall be allowed travel expenses,
  including per diem in lieu of subsistence, at rates authorized for employees
  of agencies under subchapter I of chapter 57 of title 5 while away from
  their homes or regular places of business in the performance of services
  for the Advisory Board.
  `(g) The Secretaries of Defense and Energy shall furnish the Advisory
  Board such personnel, equipment, office space, and other assistance as
  the Advisory Board determines necessary, in consultation with the Council,
  to carry out the Advisory Board's responsibilities.
  `(h) The Council shall refer to the Advisory Board, and the Advisory Board
  shall review, each proposed project and each budget proposal for research
  in and development of technologies related to environmental activities in
  excess of $1,000,000. The Advisory Board shall make any recommendations
  to the Council that the Advisory Board considers appropriate regarding
  such project or proposal.
  `(i) The Advisory Board may make recommendations to the Council regarding
  technologies, research, projects, programs, activities, and, if appropriate,
  funding within the scope of the Strategic Environmental Research Program.
  `(j) The Advisory Board shall assist and advise the Council in identifying
  the environmental data and analytical assistance activities that should
  be covered by the policies and procedures prescribed pursuant to section
  2902(d)(1) of this title.
  `(k)(1) Each meeting of the Advisory Board shall be open to the public
  unless the Chairman determines that the meeting should be closed in the
  interest of national security. Reasonable advance notice of the meeting
  time, date, and place shall be published in the Federal Register and,
  if the meeting is to be closed, the notice shall so specify.
  `(2) Interested persons shall be permitted to attend, appear before, or
  file statements with the Advisory Board, subject to such reasonable rules
  as the Advisory Board shall prescribe.
  `(3) Transcripts or minutes of each meeting of the Advisory Board, except
  meetings closed for national security reasons, and recommendations made
  by the Advisory Board shall be made available for public inspection at a
  location determined by the Chairman.
  `(l) Not later than March 15 of each year, the Advisory Board shall submit to
  the Committees on Armed Services and Appropriations of the Senate and House
  of Representatives an annual report setting forth its actions during the year
  preceding the year in which the report is submitted and any recommendations,
  including recommendations on projects, programs, and information exchange
  and recommendations for legislation, that the Advisory Board considers
  appropriate regarding the Strategic Environmental Research Program.
  `(m) Each member of the Advisory Board shall be required to file a financial
  disclosure report under title I of the Ethics in Government Act of 1978
  (5 U.S.C. App.).
  `(n) The Federal Advisory Committee Act (5 U.S.C. App.) shall not apply
  to the Advisory Board.'.
  (2) The tables of chapters at the beginning of subtitle A of title 10,
  United States Code, and the beginning of part IV of such subtitle are each
  amended by inserting after the item relating to chapter 171 the following:
2901'.
  (b) TERMS OF MEMBERS INITIALLY APPOINTED TO ADVISORY BOARD- Up to one-half
  of the members originally appointed to the Strategic Environmental Research
  Program Scientific Advisory Board established under section 2904 of title
  10, United States Code, as added by subsection (a), may be appointed for
  terms of not more than 6 and not less than 2 years in order to provide for
  staggered expiration of the terms of members. The Secretary of Defense and
  the Secretary of Energy shall jointly designate the members appointed for
  terms authorized under this paragraph and shall jointly specify the terms
  for which such members are appointed.
  (c) FIRST ANNUAL REPORT OF THE JOINT STRATEGIC ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH
  PROGRAM COUNCIL- (1) The first annual report required by section 2902(g)
  of title 10, United States Code, as added by subsection (a), shall be
  submitted to the Secretary of Defense not later than February 1, 1992.
  (2) The Secretary of Defense shall submit to the congressional defense
  committees, with the annual report referred to in paragraph (1), any
  recommendations for changes in the personnel management structure of the
  Department of Defense that the Secretary considers necessary to carry out
  the environmental activities of the Department of Defense more effectively.
  (d) FIRST ANNUAL REPORT OF THE STRATEGIC ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH PROGRAM
  SCIENTIFIC ADVISORY BOARD- The first annual report of the Strategic
  Environmental Research Program Scientific Advisory Board shall be submitted
  not later than March 15, 1992.
SEC. 1002. AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS
  Of the amounts authorized to be appropriated pursuant to section 201,
  $200,000,000 shall be available for the Strategic Environmental Research
  Program established under chapter 172 of title 10, United States Code, as
  added by section 1001. To the extent provided in appropriation Acts, the
  amount made available by this section shall remain available until expended.
SEC. 1003. DEADLINE FOR COMPLETION AND EXECUTION OF AGREEMENTS WITH THE
ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY
  (a) Whenever a Department of Defense facility is proposed to be listed on
  the National Priorities List pursuant to the Comprehensive Environmental
  Response, Compensation, and Liability Act, as amended, including those
  facilities proposed for listing as of the date of enactment of this Act,
  the Secretary of Defense shall, not later than one year after the date of
  such proposal or the date of enactment of this Act, whichever is later,
  enter into an interagency agreement with the Administrator of the United
  States Environmental Protection Agency, which shall be subject to and
  comply with the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation,
  and Liability Act, as amended, and shall include, but not be limited
  to, a procedural framework and schedule for developing, implementing,
  and monitoring appropriate response actions for any such facility in
  accordance with the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation,
  and Liability Act, as amended.
  (b) This section shall be construed consistently with any existing Federal
  laws, and nothing in this section shall be construed as limiting any rights,
  authorities, requirements, or obligations of or provided by any existing
  Federal laws. Nothing in this section shall be construed as preempting,
  affecting, or modifying any State laws, including, but not limited to, any
  laws concerning removal or remedial action, enforcement, discharge control,
  solid waste disposal, or the application of such laws to facilities owned
  or operated by a department, agency, or instrumentality of the United States.
TITLE XI--DRUG INTERDICTION
SEC. 1101. DRUG INTERDICTION AND COUNTER-DRUG ACTIVITIES FUNDING FOR FISCAL
YEAR 1991
  Funds authorized to be appropriated for drug interdiction and counter-drug
  activities pursuant to section 301(a) shall be available for the purposes
  specified in paragraphs (1) through (5), in connection with the drug
  interdiction and counter-drug activities of the components named in such
  paragraphs, in the amounts specified as follows:
  (1) For operations and maintenance:
  (A) For the Army, $118,700,000.
  (B) For the Navy, $275,900,000.
  (C) For the Marine Corps, $3,200,000.
  (D) For the Air Force, $88,500,000.
  (E) For the Defense Agencies, $47,400,000.
  (F) For the Army Reserve, $3,800,000.
  (G) For the Naval Reserve, $1,500,000.
  (H) For the Army National Guard, $19,342,000.
  (I) For the Air National Guard, $4,700,000.
  (J) For support to Federal, State, local, and foreign government agencies
  having counter-drug functions, $60,000,000.
  (K) For the Civil Air Patrol, $1,000,000.
  (2) For procurement:
  (A) For the Army, $74,300,000.
  (B) For the Navy, $91,058,000.
  (C) For the Air Force, $112,500,000.
  (D) For the National Guard, $15,000,000.
  (E) For the Defense Agencies, $145,200,000.
  (3) For National Guard Bureau pay and allowances:
  (A) For the Army National Guard, $90,500,000.
  (B) For the Air National Guard, $15,000,000.
  (4) For research, development, test, and evaluation:
  (A) For the Army, $3,300,000.
  (B) For the Navy, $10,000,000.
  (C) For the Air Force, $2,600,000.
  (D) For the Defense Agencies, $14,400,000.
  (5) For minor construction:
  For the Navy, $10,000,000.
SEC. 1102. ADDITIONAL SUPPORT FOR COUNTER-DRUG ACTIVITIES
  (a) SUPPORT TO OTHER AGENCIES- (1) During fiscal year 1991, the Secretary
  of Defense may provide support for the counter-drug activities of any other
  department or agency of the Federal Government or for the counter-drug
  activities of a State or local civilian law enforcement agency for any of
  the purposes set forth in paragraph (2) if--
  (A) such support is requested by the official who has responsibility for
  the counter-drug activities of that department or agency of the Federal
  Government or by the appropriate official of the State or local government,
  as the case may be; and
  (B) funds are available for such purposes under section 1101(1)(J).
  (2) The purposes referred to in paragraph (1) for which the Secretary may
  provide support are the following:
  (A) The maintenance and repair of equipment that has been made available
  to any department or agency of the Federal Government or to any State or
  local government by the Department of Defense for the purposes of--
  (i) preserving the potential future utility of such equipment for the
  Department of Defense; and
  (ii) upgrading such equipment to ensure compatibility of that equipment
  with other equipment used by the Department of Defense.
  (B) The maintenance and repair of equipment other than equipment referred
  to in subparagraph (A) for the purpose of--
  (i) ensuring that the equipment being maintained or repaired is compatible
  with equipment used by the Department of Defense; and
  (ii) upgrading such equipment to ensure the compatibility of that equipment
  with equipment used by the Department of Defense.
  (C) The transportation of personnel of the United States and foreign
  countries (including per diem expenses associated with such transportation),
  and the transportation of supplies and equipment, for the purpose of
  facilitating counter-drug activities within or outside of the United States.
  (D) The establishment, including unspecified minor construction, and
  operation of bases of operations or training facilities for the purpose
  of facilitating counter-drug activities within or outside the United States.
  (E) Counter-drug related training of law enforcement personnel of the
  Federal Government and of State and local governments, including associated
  support expenses for trainees and the provision of materials necessary to
  carry out such training.
  (F) Aerial and ground reconnaissance outside, at, or near the borders of
  the United States.
  (b) CONTRACT AUTHORITY-  In carrying out subsection (a), the Secretary of
  Defense may acquire services or equipment by contract for support provided
  under subsection (a) if the Department of Defense would normally acquire
  such services or equipment by contract for the purpose of conducting a
  similar activity for the Department of Defense.
  (c) LIMITED WAIVER OF PROHIBITION- Notwithstanding section 376 of title 10,
  United States Code, the Secretary of Defense may provide support pursuant
  to subsection (a) in any case in which the provision of such support would
  adversely affect in the short term the military preparedness of the United
  States if the Secretary determines that the importance of providing such
  support outweighs any short-term adverse effect that the provision of such
  support might have on military preparedness.
  (d) CONDUCT OF TRAINING OR OPERATION TO AID CIVILIAN AGENCIES- In providing
  support pursuant to subsection (a), the Secretary of Defense may plan and
  execute otherwise valid military training or operations for the purpose
  of aiding civilian agencies.
  (e) RELATIONSHIP TO OTHER LAWS- (1) The authority provided in this section
  for the support of counter-drug activities by the Department of Defense
  is in addition to the authority provided for such purpose under chapter
  18 of title 10, United States Code.
  (2) Nothing in this section shall be construed to modify or supersede the
  provisions of section 375 of title 10, United States Code, or the provisions
  of section 376 of such title, except to the extent provided in subsection
  (c) of this section.
SEC. 1103. TRANSFER OF EXCESS DEFENSE ARTICLES
  Pursuant to Public Law 100-456, section 1208 and section 372 of title 10,
  United States Code, the Secretary of Defense shall review the availability
  of equipment resulting from the withdrawal of United States forces from
  Europe and Asia for the purpose of identifying excess equipment that may
  be suitable for drug enforcement activities for transfer to appropriate
  State or local civilian law enforcement authorities.
SEC. 1104. SENSE OF THE CONGRESS REGARDING THE EFFECTIVE UTILIZATION OF
COUNTERNARCOTICS FUNDS AND REPORT REQUIREMENT.
  (a) FINDINGS- The Congress finds that--
  (1) Secretary Cheney has declared that combating illegal drugs is a high
  priority national security mission for the Department of Defense;
  (2) All funds authorized and appropriated for Operations and Maintenance
  and Military Personnel in the Department of Defense's counternarcotics
  budget for Fiscal Year 1990 have not been obligated;
  (3) If such funds are not obligated during Fiscal Year 1990 such funds
  will no longer be available for counternarcotics efforts; and
  (4) Such funds should not be allowed to lapse.
  (b) SENSE OF THE CONGRESS- It is the sense of the Congress that the Secretary
  of Defense and the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff must continue to
  emphasize the Department of Defense's commitment to this extremely important
  mission so that the entire chain of command ensures that funds are fully
  and effectively utilized so as to maximize the military's contribution to
  the national counter-drug efforts.
  (c) REPORT- Not later than January 15, 1991, the General Accounting
  Office shall report to the Armed Services Committees of the Senate and
  the House of Representatives, the Senate Appropriations Subcommittee on
  Defense, the House Appropriations Subcommittee on Defense, and the Senate
  Caucus on International Narcotics Control on the Department of Defense's
  counternarcotics budget, providing the following:
  (1) An analysis of the funds authorized and appropriated in Fiscal
  Year 1989; how these funds were obligated and expended, including a
  month-by-month breakdown of obligations and expenditures; if there were
  delays in obligating and expending these funds; why such delays occurred;
  and the amount of funds which had lapsed at the end of the fiscal year.
  (2) An analysis of the funds authorized and appropriated in Fiscal
  Year 1990; how these funds were obligated and expended, including a
  month-by-month breakdown of obligations and expenditures; if there were
  delays in obligating and expending these funds; why such delays occurred;
  and the amount of funds which had lapsed at the end of the fiscal year.
  (3) An analysis of whether there is any information available with respect
  to the obligations and expenditures from the Fiscal Year 1989 and Fiscal
  Year 1990 counternarcotics budget that suggest a systemic problem in
  reference to the timely obligation and expenditure of counternarcotics funds.
  (4) An analysis of the effectiveness of the role of the Department of
  Defense Coordinator for Drug Enforcement Policy and Support; whether his
  dual responsibility as Assistant Secretary of Defense for Reserve Affairs
  and as Drug Coordinator complicates his ability to coordinate all entities
  within the Department of Defense in the counternarcotics mission; and the
  adequacy of personnel levels in his Office to meet his responsibility for
  coordinating these funds and ensuring that the funds are obligated and
  expended in a timely manner.
  (5) Recommendations for correcting any problems found in the course of
  this review.
SEC. 1105. STUDY OF UTILITY OF OH-58D HELICOPTER IN DETECTION OF CROSS-BORDER
INTRUSIONS BY DRUG SMUGGLERS
  (a) STUDY REQUIRED- The Secretary of Defense shall conduct a study on the
  feasibility and effectiveness of utilizing OH-58D Scout helicopters for
  detecting, monitoring, and conducting surveillance of the ground movements
  of drug smugglers along the southwest border of the United States. In
  carrying out such study, the Secretary shall consider in particular the
  following matters:
  (1) The suitability of the OH-58D helicopter for performing the missions
  described in the first sentence.
  (2) The feasibility of having personnel of the Army National Guard operate
  and maintain OH-58D helicopters when such personnel are not in Federal
  service.
  (3) The desirability of having the Army pay for operation and maintenance
  expenses in connection with the OH-58D helicopters pursuant to a plan
  developed by the United States Customs Service or having the Secretary of
  Defense pay such expenses out of funds appropriated for National Guard
  counterdrug activities pursuant to a plan developed by the Governors of
  Southwestern States.
  (4) The feasibility of coordinating National Guard activities and civilian
  law enforcement activities though the command, control and intelligence
  center of the United States Customs Service at Riverside, California.
  (b) INTERAGENCY COORDINATION- The Secretary shall carry out the study
  required by subsection (a) in consultation with the Commissioner of the
  United States Customs Service.
  (c) SUBMISSION OF REPORT- The Secretary shall submit to the Committees on
  Armed Services of the Senate and the House of Representatives a report
  containing the results of the study required by subsection (a) not more
  than 180 days after the date of the enactment of this Act. The Secretary
  shall include in the report the conclusions of the Secretary based on
  the study together with such comments and recommendation as the Secretary
  considers appropriate.
SEC. 1106. ANDEAN ANTI-DRUG EFFORTS
  (a) The Congress finds that--
  (1) support for democratic process and civilian governance in Andean
  countries of Peru, Bolivia, and Colombia, the first two of which have only
  recently emerged from periods of military rule, is a necessary precondition
  for the successful fight against narcotics production and traffic and
  long-term stability in that region;
  (2) separation of military and civilian law enforcement functions has
  historically been a critical element in democracies around the world,
  including the United States;
  (3) there is a need to determine whether existing United States policies
  unduly emphasize assistance to military entities rather than civilian law
  enforcement entities in the Andean anti-drug effort and whether such policies
  might tend to undermine the dual long-term policy goals of the United States
  of stopping the traffic of drugs at their sources and the preservation of
  civilian control over the newly established democracies of this region; and
  (4) there is a need to assess the impact that United States assistance
  in the Andean anti-drug effort will have on reducing drug activity and
  supporting democratic processes in this region.
  (b)(1) Not later than 90 days after the date of enactment of this Act,
  the Secretary of State and the Secretary of Defense shall, in consultation
  with the Director of the Office of National Drug Control Policy, jointly
  submit a report to the Senate and the House of Representatives detailing
  current United States policies, anti-narcotics enforcement activities and
  associated training programs in the Andean region.
  (2) Such report shall also include an analysis of the impact of the
  Andean countries' militaries' role in counter-narcotics enforcement on
  democratic institutions in the region and how civilian institutions might
  be strengthened in order to assure the successful pursuit of anti-narcotics
  strategy.
  (3) Such report shall contain specific legislative recommendations as may
  be necessary to clarify and streamline United States assistance activities
  in order to avoid unnecessary duplications and contradictions in meeting
  United States policy goals in the Andean region.
SEC. 1107. CREATION OF A MULTILATERAL COUNTER NARCOTICS STRIKE FORCE
  It is the sense of the Congress that the President should call for
  international negotiations for the purpose of agreeing on the establishment
  of an international strike force to counter major international drug
  traffickers.
  (a) FINDINGS- The Congress finds that--
  (1) the United States Congress has in the past sought approval for a
  multilateral strike force dedicated to the war on drugs;
  (2) the proposal to create a multilateral, international counternarcotics
  force as proposed by Prime Minister Michael Manley of Jamaica, is a plan
  worthy of consideration; and
  (3) the Manley plan is the first operative proposal for the use of a
  multilateral force against the drug cartels in Latin America made by a
  government leader in the Western Hemisphere.
  (b) SENSE OF THE CONGRESS- It is therefore the sense of the Congress that--
  (1) Prime Minister Manley of Jamaica is to be commended for his proposal; and
  (2) the United States should work through the United Nations and other
  multilateral organizations to determine the feasibility of such a force and
  to assist in the establishment of this force, if it is found to be feasible.
TITLE XII--GENERAL PROVISIONS
Part A--Financial and Budget Matters
SEC. 1201. TRANSFER AUTHORITY
  (a) AUTHORITY TO TRANSFER AUTHORIZATIONS- (1) Upon determination by the
  Secretary of Defense that such action is necessary in the national interest,
  the Secretary may transfer amounts of authorizations made available to the
  Department of Defense in this division for fiscal year 1991 between any
  such authorizations (or any subdivisions thereof). Amounts of authorizations
  so transferred shall be merged with and be available for the same purposes
  as the authorization to which transferred.
  (2) The total amount of authorizations for any fiscal year that the
  Secretary of Defense may transfer under the authority of this section may
  not exceed $3,000,000,000.
  (b) LIMITATIONS- The authority provided by this section to transfer
  authorizations--
  (1) may only be used to provide authority for items that have a higher
  priority than the items from which authority is transferred; and
  (2) may not be used to provide authority for an item that has been denied
  authorization by Congress.
  (c) EFFECT ON OBLIGATION LIMITATIONS- An amount transferred from one
  account to another account pursuant to the authority of this section shall
  be deemed to increase the amount authorized for the account to which the
  amount is transferred by an amount equal to the amount transferred.
  (d) NOTICE TO CONGRESS- The Secretary of Defense shall promptly notify
  Congress of transfers made under the authority of this section.
SEC. 1202. REDUCTIONS TO REFLECT CONSOLIDATION SAVINGS
  The total amount authorized to be appropriated for the Department of
  Defense for fiscal year 1991 for military personnel and operations and
  maintenance may not exceed $163,389,825,000.
SEC. 1203. FIVE-YEAR DEFENSE PROGRAM
  (a) Section 114a of title 10, United States Code, is amended by adding at
  the end the following new subsection:
  `(d) Notwithstanding the references in subsections (a), (b), and (c) to a
  five-year defense program, if in any year the Secretary prepares a six-year
  defense program in lieu of a five-year defense program, the Secretary may
  submit that program to Congress in lieu of a five-year defense program.'.
SEC. 1204. FIVE-YEAR NATIONAL FOREIGN INTELLIGENCE PROGRAM
  (a) REQUIREMENT TO SUBMIT FIVE-YEAR NATIONAL FOREIGN INTELLIGENCE PROGRAM-
  The Director of Central Intelligence shall submit to the Committees on Armed
  Services and Appropriations of the Senate and the House of Representatives
  and the Select Committee on Intelligence of the Senate and the Permanent
  Select Committee on Intelligence of the House of Representatives each year
  the current five-year national foreign intelligence program reflecting
  the estimated expenditures and proposed appropriations required to support
  that program.
  (b) TIME OF SUBMISSION- The Director shall submit the report required
  by subsection (a) each year at or about the same time that the budget
  is submitted to Congress pursuant to section 1105(a) of title 31, United
  States Code.
  (c) CONSISTENCY- The Director of Central Intelligence and the Secretary
  of Defense shall ensure that the estimates referred to in subsection (a)
  are consistent with the budget estimates submitted to Congress pursuant
  to section 1105(a) of title 31, United States Code, for the fiscal year
  concerned and with the estimated expenditures and proposed appropriations
  for the five-year or six-year defense program submitted pursuant to section
  114a of title 31, United States Code.
  (d) SIX-YEAR NATIONAL FOREIGN INTELLIGENCE PROGRAM- Notwithstanding the
  reference in subsection (a) to a five-year national foreign intelligence
  program, if in any year the Director of Central Intelligence prepares a
  six-year national foreign intelligence program, the Director may submit
  that program to the committees referred to in subsection (a) in lieu of
  a five-year national foreign intelligence program.
SEC. 1205. FORMATS FOR PRESENTATION OF DOD MATTERS IN THE BUDGET
  (a) IN GENERAL- Section 1105(a) of title 31, United States Code, is amended
  by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
  `(28) for budget matters pertaining to the Department of Defense (functional
  category 050)--
  `(A) a format that organizes such matters on the same basis as the format
  contained in the budget submitted for fiscal year 1991; and
  `(B) a format that organizes such matters on the basis of major roles and
  missions of the Department of Defense.'.
  (b) EFFECTIVE DATE- The amendment made by subsection (a) shall apply to
  budgets submitted after the date of the enactment of this Act.
SEC. 1206. ADDITIONAL AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS
  (a) ARMY- In addition to the amount authorized to be appropriated by
  section 101(5), there is hereby authorized to be appropriated for fiscal
  year 1991 for the Army for procurement of the Nuclear Biological, Chemical
  Reconnaissance System $36,914,000.
  (b) NAVY- In addition to the amount authorized to be appropriated by section
  102(a)(1), there is hereby authorized to be appropriated for fiscal year
  1991 for the Navy for procurement  of the Battle Group Passive Horizon
  Extension System $5,163,000.
  (c) AIR FORCE- (1) Notwithstanding section 103(2), not more than
  $6,728,957,000 is authorized to be appropriated for fiscal year 1991 for
  the procurement of missiles.
  (2)(A) In addition to the amount authorized to be appropriated by section
  201(3), there is hereby authorized to be appropriated for fiscal year 1991
  for the Air Force for research, development, test, and evaluation $4,000,000.
  (B) Of the amount authorized to be appropriated pursuant to subparagraph
  (A) of this paragraph and section 201(3), not more than $15,000,000 shall
  be available for the Advanced Electro-Optical System.
  (d) DEFENSE AGENCIES- In addition to the amount  authorized to be
  appropriated  by section 201(4), there is hereby authorized to be
  appropriated for fiscal year 1991 for the Defense Agencies for research,
  development, test, and evaluation for single-pulse excimer laser technology
  $30,000,000.
SEC. 1207. CONTROLS ON THE AVAILABILITY OF APPROPRIATION ACCOUNTS
  (a) AMENDMENTS TO TITLE 31-
  (1) IN GENERAL- Subchapter IV of chapter 15 of subtitle 2 of title 31,
  United States Code, is amended by striking sections 1552 through 1556 and
  inserting the following:
`Sec. 1552. Procedure for appropriation accounts available for definite periods
  `(a) On September 30th of the 5th fiscal year after the period of
  availability of an appropriation account available for obligation for a
  definite period ends, the account is closed and any remaining obligated
  and unobligated balance is canceled and thereafter shall not be available
  for obligation or expenditure for any purpose.
  `(b) Collections authorized to be credited to an appropriation, but not
  received before closing of the account under subsection (a) or section 1555
  of this title shall be deposited in the Treasury as miscellaneous receipts.
`Sec. 1553. Availability of appropriation accounts to pay obligations
  `(a) After the end of the period of availability of an appropriation account
  available for a definite period and prior to closing of that account under
  section 1552(a) of this title, the account shall remain available for
  recording, adjusting, and liquidating obligations properly chargeable to
  that account. Any charge made pursuant to this subsection shall be limited
  to the unobligated expired balances of the original appropriation available
  for the same purpose.
  `(b)(1) Subject to the provisions of paragraph (2), after closing of an
  account under section 1552(a) or section 1555 of this title, obligations
  and adjustments to obligations that would have been chargeable to that
  account prior to closing and that are not otherwise chargeable to current
  appropriations of the agency may be charged to current appropriations of
  the agency available for the same purpose.
  `(2) The total of charges to any current account under paragraph (1)
  shall not exceed--
  `(A) an amount equal to one percent of the total appropriations for that
  current account; or
  `(B) the amount of the original appropriation,
whichever amount is less.
  `(c)(1) Obligations under this section may be paid without prior action
  of the Comptroller General.
  `(2) This subchapter does not--
  `(A) relieve the Comptroller General of the duty to make decisions requested
  under law; or
  `(B)  affect the authority of the Comptroller General to settle claims
  and accounts.
  `(d)(1) If an obligation of funds from an account the period of availability
  of which has ended to provide funds for a program, project, or activity to
  cover amounts required for contract changes would cause the total amount of
  such obligations during a fiscal year for contract changes for that program,
  project, or activity to exceed $4,000,000, the obligation may only be made
  if the obligation is approved by the head of the agency (or an officer of
  the agency within the Office of the head of the agency  to whom the head
  of the agency has delegated the authority to approve such an obligation).
  `(2) In a case in which an obligation of funds from an account the period
  of availability of which has ended to provide funds for a program, project,
  or activity to cover amounts required for contract changes would cause the
  total amount so obligated during a fiscal year for that program, project,
  or activity to exceed $25,000,000, the obligation may not be made until--
  `(A) the head of the agency submits to the appropriate authorizing committees
  of Congress and the Committees on Appropriations of the Senate and the House
  of Representatives a notice in writing of the intent to obligate such funds,
  together with a description of the legal basis for the proposed obligation
  and the policy reasons for the proposed obligation; and
  `(B) a period of 30 days has elapsed after the notice is submitted.
  `(3) As used in this subsection, the term `contract change' means a
  change to a contract under which the contractor is required to perform
  additional work.  Such term does not include adjustments to pay claims or
  increases under an escalation clause.
`Sec. 1554. Audit, control, and reporting
  `(a) Any audit requirement, limitation on obligations, or reporting
  requirement that is applicable to an appropriation account shall remain
  applicable to that account after the end of the period of availability of
  that account.
  `(b)(1) The head of each Federal agency shall provide an annual report to
  the President and the Department of the Treasury regarding the unliquidated
  obligations, unobligated balances, and adjustments made to such accounts
  during the completed fiscal year.  The report shall be provided no later
  than 15 days after the President's budget submission.
  `(2) The report required by this subsection shall--
  `(A) provide a description, with reference to the fiscal year
  of appropriations, of the amount in each account, its source, and an
  itemization of the appropriations accounts;
  `(B) describe all current and expired appropriations accounts;
  `(C) describe any payments made under section 1553 of this title;
  `(D) describe any adjustment of obligations during that fiscal year pursuant
  to section 1553 of this title;
  `(E) contain a certification by the head of the agency that the obligated
  balances in each appropriation account of the agency reflect proper existing
  obligations and that expenditures from the account since the preceding review
  were supported by a proper obligation of funds and otherwise were proper;
  `(F) describe all balances canceled under sections 1552 and 1555 of this
  title; and
  `(G) be provided to the Appropriations Committees of the Senate and the
  House of Representatives, to the House of Representatives Committee on
  Government Operations and the Senate Committee on Governmental Affairs,
  and other appropriate oversight and authorizing committees of the House
  and Senate.
  `(c) The Congressional Budget Office shall--
  `(1) annually estimate the outlay impact on the Federal deficit on
  an agency-by-agency basis, of payments and adjustments with respect to
  sections 1552 and 1553 of this title; and
  `(2) include estimates required by paragraph (1) in the annual report of the
  Congressional Budget Office to Congress entitled `The Economic and Budget
  Outlook', and its report entitled `The Economic Budget Outlook: An Update'.
  `(d) Each agency head shall establish internal controls to assure that an
  adequate review of obligated balances has been performed to support the
  certification required by section 1108(c) of this title.
`Sec. 1555. Closing of appropriation accounts available for indefinite periods
  `An appropriation account available for an indefinite period shall be
  closed and any remaining obligated or unobligated balance shall be canceled
  and thereafter shall not be available for obligation of expenditure for
  any purpose--
  `(1) when the head of the agency concerned or the President decides that
  the purposes for which the appropriation was made have been carried out; and
  `(2) when no disbursement is made against the appropriation for 2 consecutive
  fiscal years.
`Sec. 1556. Comptroller General reports on appropriation accounts
  `(a) In carrying out audit responsibilities, the Comptroller General shall
  report on operations under this subchapter to--
  `(1) the head of the agency  concerned;
  `(2) the Secretary of the Treasury; and
  `(3) the President.
  `(b) A report under this section shall include an appraisal of unpaid
  obligations under appropriation accounts the period of availability of
  which has ended.'.
  (2) EXTENTION OF AVAILABILITY- Section 1551 of title 31, United States Code,
  is amended by adding at the end the following new subsection:
  `(c) The limitations on availability for expenditure prescribed in this
  subchapter shall apply to all other appropriations unless otherwise
  authorized by subsequent law that specifically--
  `(1) identifies the appropriate account to be extended;
  `(2) provide that such account shall be available for recording, adjusting,
  and liquidating obligations properly chargeable to that account; and
  `(3) extends the availability for expenditure of the obligated balances.'.
  (b) EFFECTIVE DATE-
  (1) APPLICATION OF AMENDMENTS- The amendments made by subsection (a)
  shall apply to any appropriation account the obligated balance of which,
  on the date of enactment of this section, has not been transferred under
  section 1552(a)(1) of title 31, United States Code, in effect prior to
  enactment of this section.
  (2) RESTORATION OF CERTAIN UNOBLIGATED AMOUNTS- On the date of enactment of
  this section, the balance of any unobligated amount withdrawn under section
  1552(a)(2) of title 31, United States Code, in effect prior to enactment
  of this section, from an account the obligated balance of which has not
  been transferred under section 1552(a)(1) of title 31, United States Code,
  in effect prior to enactment of this section, is hereby restored to that
  account.
  (3) CANCELLATION OF UNOBLIGATED BALANCES- Thirty days after enactment of
  this section, all balances of unobligated funds withdrawn from any account
  under subsection 1552(a)(2) of title 31, United States Code, in effect prior
  to enactment of this section (other than funds restored under paragraph
  (2)) are canceled.
  (4) CANCELLATION OF OBLIGATED BALANCES- On the third September 30th
  after enactment of this section, all obligated balances transferred under
  subsection 1552(a)(1) of title 31, United States Code, in effect prior to
  enactment of this section, are canceled.
  (5) OBLIGATIONS AND ADJUSTMENT OF OBLIGATIONS- (A) After cancellation
  of unobligated balances under paragraph (3) or cancellation of obligated
  balances under paragraph (4) and subject to the provisions of subparagraph
  (B), obligations and adjustments to obligations that would have been
  chargeable to those balances prior to such cancellations and that are
  not otherwise chargeable to current appropriations of the agency may be
  charged to current appropriations of the agency available for the same
  purpose. Any charge made pursuant to this subsection shall be limited to
  the unobligated expired balances of the original appropriation available
  for the same purpose.
  (B) Any charge made pursuant to subparagraph (A) shall be subject to the
  maximum amount chargeable subsection (b) under section 1553 of title 31,
  United States Code, as amended by this section, and shall be included in the
  calculation of the total amount charged to any account under that section.
  (c) ANTI-DEFICIENCY ACT- Section 1341(a)(1)(A) of title 31, United States
  Code, is amended by inserting before the semicolon the following: `,
  including an obligation exceeding the original obligation and the use of
  such obligation for new obligations'.
Part B--Miscellaneous Matters
SEC. 1211. REPORT ON UNITED STATES SECURITY ARRANGEMENTS AND COMMITMENTS
WORLDWIDE
  Not later than February 1, 1991, the President shall submit to the Committees
  on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of Representatives a report
  on all United States security arrangements with, and commitments to, other
  nations throughout the world. The President shall include in the report--
  (1) a description of all security arrangements and commitments, whether
  based upon a formal document or an expressed policy, and a recitation of
  the historical origins of those arrangements and commitments;
  (2) an assessment of the need to continue, or discontinue, each of the
  arrangements and commitments in view of the changing threat situation;
  (3) an evaluation of the ability of the United States to meet those
  commitments based on the projected reductions in the defense structure of
  the United States; and
  (4) a plan for meeting each of those commitments with the force structure
  projected for the future.
SEC. 1212. CONGRESSIONAL OVERSIGHT OF SPECIAL ACCESS PROGRAMS
  (a) IN GENERAL- Subsection (c) of section 119 of title 10, United States
  Code, is amended to read as follows:
  `(c)(1) Whenever a change in the classification of a special access program
  of the Department of Defense is planned to be made or whenever classified
  information concerning a special access program of the Department of
  Defense is to be declassified and made public, the Secretary of Defense
  shall submit to the defense committees a report containing a description of
  the proposed change, the reasons for the proposed change, and notice of any
  public announcement planned to be made with respect to the proposed change.
  `(2) Except as provided in paragraph (3), any report referred to in paragraph
  (1) shall be submitted not less than 14 days before the date on which the
  proposed change or public announcement is to occur.
  `(3) If the Secretary determines that because of exceptional circumstances
  the requirement of paragraph (2) cannot be met with respect to a proposed
  change or public announcement concerning a special access program of the
  Department of Defense, the Secretary may submit the report required by
  paragraph (1) regarding the proposed change or public announcement at any
  time before the proposed change or public announcement is made and shall
  include in the report an explanation of the exceptional circumstances.'.
  (b) AMENDMENT TO DEFINITION- Subsection (f) of such section is amended by
  inserting `and Appropriations' after `Armed Services' in clause (1).
SEC. 1213. SENSE OF CONGRESS ON ADDITIONAL NUCLEAR RISK REDUCTION MEASURES
  (a) FINDINGS- Congress makes the following findings:
  (1) On June 1, 1990, the President of the United States and the President
  of the Soviet Union signed a document entitled `Joint Statement on Future
  Negotiations on Nuclear and Space Arms and Further Enhancing Strategic
  Stability'.
  (2) In that document, the two nations pledged to pursue additional
  confidence-building and predictability measures `that would reduce
  the possibility of an outbreak of nuclear war as a result of accident,
  miscalculation, terrorism, or unexpected technological breakthrough,
  and would prevent possible incidents between them'.
  (3) As a result of the recent increase in ethnic, national, economic, and
  political tensions within the Soviet Union, concern has heightened regarding
  the possible unauthorized or accidental use of Soviet nuclear weapons.
  (4) It has been four years since the Department of Defense conducted
  a comprehensive review of its nuclear control procedures and failsafe
  mechanisms.
  (5) The Joint Chiefs of Staff, in its 1990 Joint Military Net Assessment,
  concluded that with the recent changes in the global security environment,
  `the risk of nuclear deterrence failing is assessed to be low and at this
  moment to be decreasing'.
  (6) While Congress is concerned about continued Soviet strategic offensive
  and defensive modernization and the unpredictable status of the Soviet
  domestic situation, at this stage the lessened prospects that nuclear weapons
  of the United States might have to be employed may afford an opportunity to
  reconsider past reluctance to utilize certain positive control measures,
  such as the installation of permissive action links (PALs) on nuclear
  weapons deployed at sea by the United States and the installation of
  post-launch destruct mechanisms on intercontinental ballistic missiles
  (ICBMs) and submarine launched ballistic missiles (SLBMs) deployed by the
  United States, as long as appropriate security measures can be developed
  to protect the integrity of such destruct mechanisms.
  (7) On September 15, 1987, the United States and the Soviet Union agreed
  to establish Nuclear Risk Reduction Centers (NRRCs) in Washington and Moscow.
  (8) The NRRCs have made a useful contribution to lowering the risks
  of accidental or inadvertent nuclear war and are capable of taking on
  expanded roles.
  (b) SENSE OF CONGRESS- It is the sense of Congress that--
  (1) the President of the United States and the President of the Union of
  Soviet Socialist Republics are to be commended for their June 1, 1990, joint
  statement to pursue additional nuclear confidence-building measures; and
  (2) in keeping with that joint statement, the President should--
  (A) invite the Soviet Union to join with the United States in conducting
  separate but parallel, comprehensive reviews of each nation's own nuclear
  control procedures and failsafe mechanisms; and
  (B) propose to the Soviet Union that the two nations initiate discussions
  with the objective of agreeing on additional roles and functions that could
  be assigned to the Nuclear Risk Reduction Centers to further lessen the
  risks of the outbreak of nuclear war as the result of misinterpretation,
  miscalculation, or accident.
  (c) REPORT ON ADDITIONAL MEASURES- Not later than March 1, 1991, the
  President shall submit to Congress a report (in classified and unclassified
  form) assessing additional nuclear risk reduction measures which could be
  implemented pursuant to the joint statement of June 1, 1990, referred to
  in subsection (b), including the following:
  (1) Assigning the Nuclear Risk Reduction Centers (NRRCs) such expanded
  roles as the following:
   (A) Serving as the locus for discussions between the two nations on
   responding to possible nuclear terrorism.
  (B) Transmitting notifications that may be required under future arms
  control treaties.
  (C) Transmitting notifications and information requests required under
  Article 5 of the 1971 Agreement on Measures to Reduce the Risk of Outbreak
  of Nuclear War Between the United States and the Union of Soviet Socialist
  Republics.
  (D) Providing a forum for discussions between the United States and the
  Soviet Union on restricting nuclear, chemical, and missile proliferation.
  (E) Serving as a meeting place for high-level military discussions on
  nuclear doctrines, forces and activities, and regional security concerns.
  (2) Installation of post-launch destruct mechanisms on all intercontinental
  ballistic missiles (ICBMs) and submarine launched ballistic missiles
  (SLBMs) deployed by the United States.
  (3) Installation by the United States of permissive action links (PALs)
  on all nuclear weapons at sea.
SEC. 1214. CROSS-SERVICING AGREEMENTS
  Subsection (a) of section 2342 of title 10, United States Code, is amended
  to read as follows:
  `(a)(1) Subject to section 2343 of this title and to the availability of
  appropriations, and after consultation with the Secretary of State, the
  Secretary of Defense may enter into an agreement described in paragraph
  (2) with--
  `(A) the government of a North Atlantic Treaty Organization country;
  `(B) a subsidiary body of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization; or
  `(C) the government of a country not a member of the North Atlantic
  Treaty Organization but which is designated by the Secretary of Defense,
  subject to the limitations prescribed in subsection (b), as a government
  with which the Secretary may enter into agreements under this section.
  `(2) An agreement referred to in paragraph (1) is an agreement under
  which the United States agrees to provide logistic support, supplies, and
  services to military forces of a country or subsidiary body referred to in
  paragraph (1) in return for the reciprocal provisions of logistic support,
  supplies, and services by such government or subsidiary body to elements
  of the armed forces.'.
SEC. 1215. GRANT FOR STUDY AND ANALYSIS OF THE SOVIET UNION AND CERTAIN
OTHER COUNTRIES
  Of the amounts authorized to be appropriated pursuant to section 201,
  $600,000 shall be available for making a grant to a nonprofit organization
  for the support of research and analyses by emigrants from the Soviet Union,
  the countries of Eastern Europe (including Albania), and Cuba regarding
  political, economic, social, and other developments in those countries.
SEC. 1216. NATIONAL DEFENSE ECONOMIC ADJUSTMENT
  (a) FINDINGS- Congress makes the following findings:
  (1) There are likely to be significant reductions in the programs, projects,
  and activities of the Department of Defense during the first several fiscal
  years following fiscal year 1990.
  (2) Such reductions will adversely affect the economies of many communities
  in the United States and small businesses and civilian workers throughout
  the United States.
  (b) POLICY- In view of the findings expressed in subsection (a), it is
  the policy of the United States that--
  (1) assistance be provided under existing planning assistance programs
  and economic adjustment assistance programs of the Federal Government
  to communities, small businesses, and workers referred to in subsection
  (a)(2) to the extent necessary to facilitate an orderly transition for
  such communities, small businesses, and workers from economic reliance on
  Department of Defense spending to economic reliance on other sources of
  business, employment, and revenue; and
  (2) funding for such programs be increased by amounts necessary to meet the
  needs of such communities, small businesses, and workers without reducing
  the funding that would otherwise be available under those programs by reason
  of causes unrelated to the reductions referred to in subsection (a)(1).
  (c) ACTIONS OF THE SECRETARY OF DEFENSE- (1) The Secretary of Defense,
  through the Office of Economic Adjustment of the Department of Defense,
  shall--
  (A) identify each community in the United States likely to experience
  significant economic dislocation as a result of the reductions referred
  to in subsection (a)(1), including a loss of at least 2,500 civilian jobs
  (in the case of an urban community), 1,000 civilian jobs (in the case of
  a rural community), or a number of civilian jobs equal to at least one
  percent of the total number of civilian jobs in the community;
  (B) transmit to the governments of each such community (and to the Governor
  of the State in which such community is located) advance notification of
  the planned reductions referred to in subsection (a)(1) that are likely to
  affect such community adversely, including an estimate of the number of jobs
  that will be lost in the community as the result of the planned reductions;
  (C) transmit to the President a list of all such communities; and
  (D) make community planning assistance grants to such communities in order
  to assist such communities in planning for economic diversification likely
  to minimize the adverse economic effects referred to in subsection (a)(2)
  and to facilitate economic recovery from any such adverse effects.
  (2) For fiscal year 1992 and each fiscal year thereafter, the Secretary
  of Defense--
  (A) shall--
  (i) in the budget proposals of the Department of Defense prepared for
  submission to the President for such fiscal year, identify those communities
  that are likely to experience significant economic dislocation described
  in paragraph (1)(A) in the event that such budget proposals are enacted
  into law; and
  (ii) upon the submission of the budget for such fiscal year to Congress
  pursuant to section 1105(c) of title 31, United States Code, provide the
  notifications required by paragraph (1)(B); and
  (B) upon the enactment of an appropriations Act providing funds for programs,
  projects, and activities of the Department of Defense for such fiscal year,
  shall identify the communities likely to experience significant economic
  dislocation described in clause (A) of paragraph (1) as a result of the
  funding levels contained in such Act and take the actions required by
  clauses (B) and (C) of such paragraph.
  (d) ACTIONS OF THE SECRETARY OF COMMERCE- The Secretary of Commerce shall
  furnish community adjustment assistance under title IX of the Public
  Works and Economic Development Act of 1965 (42 U.S.C. 3241 et seq.), and
  such other assistance as may be provided under programs administered by
  the Economic Development Administration of the Department of Commerce,
  to communities receiving a notification pursuant to subsection (c)(1)(B)
  in order to carry out the policy set out in subsection (b)(1).
  (e) ACTIONS OF THE ADMINISTRATOR OF THE SMALL BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION-
  (1) The Administrator of the Small Business Administration shall furnish
  assistance to small businesses described in paragraph (2) for the purpose
  of facilitating the development of business plans for diversifying into
  commercial activities other than the furnishing of products or services
  for  the Department of Defense.
  (2) A small business referred to in paragraph (1) is a small business that
  derives a significant portion of its gross receipts from the direct and
  indirect furnishing of goods or services for the Department of Defense.
  (3) To be eligible for the assistance referred to in paragraph (1), a small
  business shall be required to submit to the Administrator an application
  for assistance containing a preliminary business diversification proposal
  applicable to such small business.
  (f) ACTIONS OF THE SECRETARY OF LABOR- The Secretary of Labor shall furnish
  retraining, job placement, and relocation assistance pursuant to the Job
  Training Partnership Act (29 U.S.C. 1501 et seq.) and other employment
  services to workers referred to in subsection (a)(2) in order to carry
  out the policy set out in subsection (b)(1).
  (g) ACTIONS OF THE PRESIDENT- (1) In the preparation of the budget for
  a fiscal year for submission to Congress pursuant to section 1105(a)
  of title 31, United States Code, the President shall--
  (A) take into consideration the needs of the communities identified by the
  Secretary of Defense pursuant to subsection (c)(1) and the small businesses
  and workers referred to in subsection (a)(2) and include in such budget
  proposed funding levels for the assistance and services referred to in
  subsections (c) through (f) sufficient to carry out the policy set out in
  subsection (b)(2); and
  (B) include in the justifications and supporting information transmitted
  to Congress in connection with such budget--
  (i) a discussion of the extent to which the proposed funding for such
  programs is sufficient to carry out such policy; and
  (ii) a list of the communities that are to receive a notification from
  the Secretary of Defense pursuant to subsection (c)(1) in connection with
  such budget.
  (2) It is the sense of Congress that, in order to ensure that paragraph
  (1) and subsections (c) through (f) are carried out effectively--
  (A) the President should direct the interagency committee known as the
  President's Economic Adjustment Committee to carry out coordinating and
  oversight activities with respect to the development of budget requests for
  and the furnishing of assistance under the programs referred to in such
  paragraph and subsections and to keep the President currently informed
  regarding the effectiveness of the programs; and
  (B) the President should implement a systematic, continuous procedure to
  collect and analyze information necessary to evaluate the adequacy and
  identify the sources of industrial capacity and capability in items and
  technologies essential to the execution of the national security strategy
  of the United States, including the industrial capacity and capabilities
  of Department of Defense prime contractors and at least the first two
  tiers of subcontractors.
  (h) AUTHORIZATIONS OF APPROPRIATIONS- (1) There is authorized to be
  appropriated for the fiscal year beginning October 1, 1990  such sums as
  may be necessary for carrying out subsections (c)(1)(D), (d), (e) and (f).
  (2) Amounts authorized to be appropriated under paragraph (1) are in
  addition to any amounts authorized to be appropriated for activities and
  programs referred to in such subsections for such fiscal year under any
  other provision of law.
SEC. 1217. DEVELOPMENT AND PRODUCTION OF WEAPONS AND WEAPON SYSTEMS HAVING
STANDOFF ATTACK CAPABILITIES AND EMPLOYING SENSOR-FUSED DEVICES
  (a) Findings-
  (1) The world-wide proliferation of sophisticated and highly lethal,
  advanced technology weapons systems continues at rapid pace.
  (2) These increasingly lethal weapons place United States and allied forces
  at greater risk.
  (3) The development of standoff weapons to attack highly defended targets
  while minimizing risk to United States forces is a high priority.
  (4) The results of research and testing conducted by or for the Department
  of Defense on weapons and weapon systems having standoff capabilities
  and employing sensor-fused devices demonstrates that such weapons satisfy
  such needs.
  (b) The Air Force should complete development of weapons and weapon systems
  having standoff attack capabilities and employing sensor-fused devices and,
  upon completion of such development, should proceed with the production of
  such weapons and weapon systems, and that such production should take place
  at facilities so selected during the development phase of these weapons.
SEC. 1218. REPEAL RELATING TO CONTRACTOR LIABILITY FOR INJURY OR LOSS OF
PROPERTY ARISING OUT OF ATOMIC WEAPONS TESTING PROGRAMS
  (a)(1) REPEAL- Section 1631 of the Department of Defense Authorization Act,
  1985 (Public Law 98-525; 98 Stat. 2646; 42 U.S.C. 2212) is repealed.
  (2) RELATIONSHIP TO STATUTES OF LIMITATIONS- (A) The period during which
  section 1631 of the Department of Defense Authorization Act, 1985, was in
  effect shall not be taken into account in computing the period provided in
  any Federal or State statute of limitations applicable to any civil action
  for an injury, loss of property, personal injury, or death described in
  subsection (a)(1) of such section.
  (B) In the case of any civil action referred to in paragraph (1) which was
  filed before October 19, 1984, and was subsequently dismissed pursuant
  to the provisions of section 1631 of the National Defense Authorization
  Act, 1985, the period beginning on the date of the initial filing of such
  action and ending on the date of the enactment of this Act shall not be
  taken into account in computing the period provided in any Federal of
  State statute of limitations applicable to such civil actions.
  (C) If the period provided in any Federal or State statute of limitations
  applicable to a civil action referred to in paragraph (1) expires within
  the one-year period beginning on the date of the enactment of this Act,
  the action shall not be barred by such statute, but shall be forever barred
  if not commenced within one year after such date: Provided, however, That
  in no event shall an award of attorney fees for actions brought under this
  title exceed 10 percent of the award of actual damages: Provided further,
  That nothing in this section shall act to preclude a contract for legal
  representation for a lesser amount.
  (b)(1) With respect to actions filed under this section, the United
  States shall forever indemnify, hold harmless, and guarantee payment of
  any judgments entered for any claimant.
  (2) In the event that any private contractor to the United States is
  successful in defending a claim brought under this Act, the United States
  shall likewise indemnify and reimburse said contractor for  all costs,
  attorney fees, and litigation related expenses incurred in defending
  said action.
  (3) Provided further, That in the event an action is settled prior
  to litigation or a consent decree is entered pursuant to a settlement
  agreement, the United States shall reimburse said contractors for all
  reasonable costs associated with the settlement.
SEC. 1219. DEDICATED NATO TRAINING FACILITY
  As part of the request for authorizations of appropriations for fiscal
  year 1992, the Secretary of Defense shall transmit to the Committees on
  Armed Services of the Senate and the House of Representatives a report
  containing an analysis of the merits of utilizing as a dedicated NATO
  training facility a military installation within the United States which
  would otherwise be subject for closure or realignment.
SEC. 1220. AUTHORITY TO REPLACE OR RESTORE LOST OR DAMAGED PROPERTY
  (a) AUTHORITY- In order to assist the entities described in this section
  to continue to provide services to the United States, The Secretary of the
  Army may replace or restore property of a contractor of the United States
  which was lost or damaged during operation Just Cause begun on December 22,
  1989, to the extent--
  (1) such property was located on a military installation in Panama pursuant
  to the requirements of the contract and such military installation was
  used or occupied by United States Armed Forces prior to December 22, 1989;
  (2) such damage was caused by United States Armed Forces; and
  (3) such loss or damage was not caused in whole or in part by the negligent
  or wrongful act of such contractor or an agent or employee thereof.
  (b) LIMITATION- The Secretary of the Army may replace or restore property
  under this section only if--
  (1) a request for such action is presented to the Secretary in writing
  within two years after such property was lost or damaged;
  (2) the Secretary determines that such request is substantiated; and
  (3) the Secretary determines that the contractor has made every reasonable
  effort to obtain compensation, replacement, or restoral of such property
  through other means.
SEC. 1221. ENHANCING PARTICIPATION OF HISTORICALLY BLACK COLLEGES AND
UNIVERSITIES AND MINORITY INSTITUTIONS IN DEFENSE RESEARCH
  Section 1207 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1987
  (10 U.S.C. 2301 note) is amended--
  (1) in subsection (a)--
  (A) by inserting `(1)' before `Except';
  (B) by redesignating clauses (1), (2), and (3) as clauses (A), (B), and
  (C), respectively; and
  (2) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
  `(2) The Secretary of Defense shall establish a specific goal for the
  award of prime contracts and subcontracts to historically Black colleges
  and universities and minority institutions in order to increase the
  participation of such colleges and universities in the program provided
  for by this section."; and
   (3) by striking out subsection (c) and inserting in lieu thereof the
   following new subsection (c):
  `(c) TYPES OF ASSISTANCE- (1) To attain the goal specified in subsection
  (a)(1), the Secretary of Defense shall provide technical assistance to the
  entities referred to in that subsection and, in the case of historically
  black colleges and universities and minority institutions, shall also
  provide infrastructure assistance.
  `(2) Technical assistance provided under this section shall include
  information about the program, advice in preparation of proposals, and
  other such assistance as the Secretary considers appropriate. If the
  resources of the Department of Defense are inadequate to provide such
  assistance, the Secretary may enter into contracts with minority private
  sector entities with experience and expertise in the design, development,
  and delivery of technical assistance services to eligible individuals,
  business firms and institutions, defense acquisitions agencies, and defense
  prime contractors. Department of Defense contracts with the entities
  referred to in subsection (a)(1) shall be awarded annually, based upon,
  among other things, the number of minority small business concerns,
  historically Black colleges and universities, and minority institutions
  that each such entity brings into the program.
  `(3) Infrastructure assistance provided under this section may include
  programs to:
  `(A) establish and enhance undergraduate, graduate, and doctoral programs
  in scientific disciplines critical to the national security functions of
  the Department of Defense;
  `(B) make Department of Defense personnel available to advise and assist
  faculty at the school in the performance of defense research and in
  scientific disciplines critical to the national security functions of the
  Department of Defense;
  `(C) establish partnerships between defense laboratories and historically
  Black colleges and universities and minority institutions for the purpose
  of training students in scientific disciplines critical to the national
  security functions of the Department of Defense;
  `(D) award scholarships, fellowships, and the establishment of cooperative
  work-education programs in scientific disciplines critical to the national
  security functions of the Department of Defense;
  `(E) attract and retain faculty involved in scientific disciplines critical
  to the national security functions of the Department of Defense;
  `(F) equip and renovate laboratories for the performance of defense research;
  `(G) expand and equip Reserve Officer Training Corps activities devoted
  to scientific disciplines critical to the national security functions of
  the Department of Defense; and
  `(H) provide other assistance as the Secretary determines appropriate
  to strengthen scientific disciplines critical to the national security
  functions of the Department of Defense or the college infrastructure to
  support the performance of defense research.
  `(4) The Secretary shall, to the maximum extent practical, carry out programs
  under this section at institutions that agree to bear a substantial portion
  of the cost associated with the programs.'.
SEC. 1222. RESPONSIBILITIES OF THE SECRETARY OF THE DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY
FOR MEDICAL AND ENVIRONMENTAL PROGRAMS IN THE REPUBLIC OF THE MARSHALL ISLANDS
  Effective on the date of enactment of this Act, all responsibilities of
  the Secretary of Energy for, and all activities currently underway at the
  Department of Energy with respect to, medical and environmental programs
  applicable in the Republic of the Marshall Islands shall be managed,
  controlled, and conducted through the Office of Environment, Safety and
  Health of the Department of Energy.
SEC. 1223. ECONOMIC SANCTIONS AGAINST REPUBLIC OF IRAQ
  Notwithstanding any other provision of law, the President shall have the
  authority to restrict the importation of goods and services to the United
  States from any nation which continues to maintain economic relations
  with the Republic of Iraq in violation of economic sanctions against
  the Republic of Iraq  imposed by the international community as a whole,
  or by the United States.
SEC. 1224. PRESIDENTIAL ADVISORY COMMITTEE FOR POLICY TOWARD CUBA
  (a)(1) PRESIDENTIAL ADVISORY COMMITTEE FOR POLICY TOWARD CUBA- There
  is hereby established a presidential advisory committee to be known as
  the Presidential Advisory Committee for Policy Toward Cuba (hereafter in
  this section referred to as the `Advisory Committee').  The purpose of the
  Advisory Committee shall be to provide advice and recommendations relating
  to all aspects of United States policy toward Cuba.
  (2) The Advisory Committee shall consist of seven members each of whom
  shall be citizens of the United States. The President shall appoint such
  members of the Advisory Committee not later than 60 days after the date
  of the enactment of this Act.  Not more than four of such members may be
  from the same political party. Each member of the Advisory Committee shall
  serve for the life of the Advisory Committee.
  (3) The President shall appoint one of the members of the Advisory Committee
  to serve as Chairman. The Advisory Committee shall meet as may be necessary,
  at the call of the Chairman, or at the call of two-thirds of the members
  of the Committee.
  (4) The Secretary of State shall make available to the Advisory Committee
  such staff, information, personnel, and administrative services and
  assistance as it may reasonably require to carry out its activities.
  (b) PURPOSE- (1) It shall be the purpose of the Advisory Committee to
  advise and make policy recommendations to the President and the Secretary
  of State on sound policies toward Cuba.
  (2) In carrying out the purposes referred to in paragraph (1), the Advisory
  Committee shall--
  (A) make recommendations relating to policy options to encourage freedom
  for the people of Cuba;
  (B) propose a plan for providing appropriate assistance to the people of
  Cuba in the event the present government is changed; and
  (C) make recommendations on immigration and trade between the United States
  and Cuba.
  (c) REPORTS- (1) The Advisory Committee shall submit annual reports
  detailing the advice and recommendations referred to in subsection (b).
  (2) The Advisory Committee shall submit a final report detailing such
  advice and recommendations 30 days before its termination date.
  (3) The Advisory Committee shall submit a copy of the reports referred
  to in paragraphs (1) and (2) to the President, the Secretary of State,
  the Committee on Foreign Relations of the Senate, and the Committee on
  Foreign Affairs of the House of Representatives.
  (d) APPLICATION OF FEDERAL ADVISORY COMMITTEE ACT- The provisions of the
  Federal Advisory Committee Act shall apply to the Advisory Committee,
  except that--
  (1) the meetings of the Advisory Committee shall be exempt from the
  requirements of subsections (a) and (b) of sections 10 and 11 of the
  Federal Advisory Committee Act (5 U.S.C. App.) (relating to open meetings,
  public notice, public participation, and public availability of documents),
  whenever and to the extent it is determined by the President or his designee
  that such meetings will be concerned with matters the disclosure of which
  would seriously compromise the development by the United States Government
  of policy toward Cuba; and
  (2) meetings may be called of special task forces or other such groups
  made up of members of the Advisory Committee.
  (e) OTHER ACTIVITIES BY MEMBERS OF ADVISORY COMMITTEE- Nothing contained
  in this section may be construed to authorize or require any member of the
  Advisory Committee or any other individual to participate directly in any
  other official Government meeting on any matter referred to in subsection
  (b). To the maximum extent practicable, the members of the Advisory Committee
  shall be informed and consulted before and during any such meetings. Advisory
  Committee members may be designated as advisors to a United States delegation
  to such meeting and may be permitted to participate in other international
  meetings to the extent the President deems appropriate, except that they
  may not speak or negotiate for the United States at such meetings.
  (f) AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS- There are authorized to be appropriated
  such sums as may be necessary to carry out this section.
  (g) TERMINATION- The Advisory Committee shall terminate 3 years after the
  date of enactment of this Act.
SEC. 1225. LITHUANIAN EMERGENCY RELIEF
  Chapter 9 of part I of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 (relating to
  international disaster assistance) is amended by adding at the end thereof
  the following new section:
  `SEC. 495L. LITHUANIAN EMERGENCY RELIEF- (a)(1) The Congress recognizes that
  prompt United States assistance is necessary to alleviate the emergency
  existing in the Republic of Lithuania caused by the economic blockade
  imposed by the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics which has  caused great
  suffering among the Lithuanian people, especially with regard to a severe
  shortage of medical supplies and the basic necessities of life.
  `(b)(1) The Administrator of the Agency for International Development shall--
  `(i) furnish, in accordance with the authorities of this chapter,
  humanitarian assistance for the relief of the Lithuanian people during
  the existing emergency;
  `(ii) solicit private sector donations of humanitarian assistance for
  Lithuania; and
  `(iii) cooperate with private relief agencies attempting to provide
  humanitarian aid to Lithuania;
  `(2) The Commander-in-Chief of United States Transportation Command is
  authorized to provide all airlift and sealift necessary, throughout the
  course of the Lithuanian blockade, to transport United States public and
  private donations of medical supplies to Lithuania on a regular basis and
  should begin such transport as soon as the agreement described in subsection
  (e) has been concluded.
  `(c) For purposes of this paragraph, the term `humanitarian assistance'
  includes--
  `(i) oil, gas and fuel for emergency vehicles and medical facilities;
  `(ii) water purification supplies, materials for immunization, and other
  materials needed to prevent the outbreak of contagious diseases and to
  safeguard public health;
  `(iii) medical supplies; and
  `(iv) food and clothing.
  `(d)(1) In addition to funds authorized to be appropriated to carry out
  this chapter, there are authorized to be appropriated to the President
  $10,000,000 to carry out subsections (b)(1) and (b)(2).
  `(2) Funds appropriated pursuant to paragraph (1) are authorized to remain
  available until expended.
  `(3) The authority contained in the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 to
  transfer funds between accounts shall not apply with respect to funds
  appropriated pursuant to paragraph (1).
  `(e) The Congress urges the President to begin negotiations immediately
  with the nations surrounding Lithuania, including Latvia, Estonia, the
  Union of Soviet Socialist Republics and Poland regarding the importation of
  critical humanitarian assistance. Pending conclusion of these negotiations,
  the Administrator of the United States Agency for International Development
  shall furnish the necessary humanitarian assistance through the International
  Red Cross, the Lithuanian Red Cross, CARITAS, and other relief agencies,
  to ensure the Lithuanians begin to receive critical humanitarian assistance
  immediately.
  `(f) Assistance may be provided under this section notwithstanding any other
  provision of law, other than that included in Public Law 101-179, section
  503, known as the Support for East European Democracy (SEED) Bill of 1989.'.
SEC. 1226. CONTINGENCY FEES IN LOBBYING
  (a) That chapter 11 of title 18, United States Code, is amended by--
  (1) inserting between sections 219 and 223, the following new section:
`Sec. 220. Contingency fees in lobbying
  `(a)(1) It shall be unlawful for any person to make, with intent to
  influence, any oral or written communication on behalf of any other person
  other than the United States, to any department, agency, court, House of
  Congress, or Commission of the United States, for compensation if such
  compensation has knowingly been made dependent--
  `(A) upon any action of Congress, including but not limited to actions
  of either the House of Representatives or the Senate, or any committee or
  member thereof, or the passage or defeat of any proposed legislation;
  `(B) upon the securing of an award, or upon the denial of an award, of a
  contract or grant by establishment of the Federal Government; or
  `(C) upon the securing, or upon the denial, of any Federal financial
  assistance or any other Federal contract or grant.
  `(2) The provisions of paragraph (1) shall not apply in any case involving
  the collection of any amount owed on a debt or on a contract claim owed
  to a person by the Federal Government.
  `(b) Any person who violates the provisions of this section shall be fined
  not more than $50,000 or imprisoned not more than two years, or both.
  `(c) The Attorney General may bring a civil action in any United States
  district court, on behalf of the United States, against any person who
  engages in conduct prohibited by this section in lieu of or in addition
  to an action taken pursuant to subsection (b), and, upon proof of such
  conduct by a preponderance of the evidence, may recover twice the amount
  of any proceeds obtained by that person due to such conduct. Such civil
  action shall be barred unless the action is commenced within six years
  after the later of (1) the date on which the prohibited conduct occurred,
  or (2) the date on which the United States became or reasonably should
  have become aware that the prohibited conduct had occurred.'; and
  (2) amending the table of sections by striking out the item between the
  item relating to section 219 and the item relating to section 224 and
  inserting in lieu thereof the following:
`220. Contingency fees in lobbying.'.
  (b) This section and the amendments made by this section shall become
  effective on the date of enactment of this Act and shall apply to any
  contract entered into on or after such date of enactment.
 Part C--Miscellaneous Studies and Reports
SEC. 1231. STUDY AND REPORT BY THE SECRETARY OF DEFENSE
  (a) IN GENERAL- The Secretary of Defense shall conduct a study to determine
  the feasibility and desirability of permitting the North Atlantic Treaty
  Organization (NATO) to utilize, for training and exercise purposes,
  military installations in the United States being closed by the Department
  of Defense. In carrying out such a study, the Secretary shall consider--
  (1) the exact purposes for which such installations could be appropriately
  and effectively used by NATO; and
  (2) the manner in which NATO would pay for the use of such installations.
  (b) REPORT- The Secretary shall submit to Congress a report containing
  the results of the study required by subsection (a) together with such
  comments and recommendations the Secretary considers appropriate.
  (c) DEADLINE FOR REPORT- The Secretary shall submit the report required
  by subsection (c) not later than January 1, 1991.
SEC. 1232. ACCESS TO CERTAIN RESTRICTED SPECIAL USE AIRSPACE
  (a) STUDY REQUIRED- The Secretary of Defense shall  conduct a study to
  determine the feasibility of permitting civilian commercial aircraft to
  have access to restricted special use airspace over the coastal waters
  of the mid-Atlantic region of the Eastern United States for the purpose
  of enhancing commercial aviation safety, improving air traffic control
  efficiency, and reducing the impact of aviation noise on populated areas.
  (b) REPORT- (1) The Secretary shall submit to the Committees on Armed
  Services of the Senate and the House of Representatives a report containing
  the results of the study required by subsection (a) not later than 90 days
  after the date of the enactment of this Act together with such comments
  and recommendations as the Secretary considers appropriate. The report
  may be submitted in both classified and unclassified form.
  (2) The Secretary shall include in the report, at a minimum, the following:
  (A) A discussion of the current policy of the Department of Defense
  regarding civilian access to restricted special use airspace.
  (B) An accounting of civilian aircraft access to such special use airspace
  in each of the two years immediately preceding the year in which this Act
  is enacted.
  (C) A summary of requests received by the Department of Defense from
  the Federal Aviation Administration for increased access to the special
  use airspace referred to in subsection (a) and the disposition of those
  requests by the Department of Defense.
  (D) Proposals for permitting increased access to such special use airspace,
  particularly during daylight hours, by civil aviation aircraft.
  (E) An analysis of the feasibility of providing such access.
  (c) DEVELOPMENT OF PROCEDURES- If the Secretary determines on the basis of
  the study referred to in subsection (a) that additional access to the special
  use airspace described in that subsection can be permitted, consistent with
  the national security interests of the United States, the Secretary shall
  develop, in coordination with the Secretary of Transportation, procedures
  for providing access to  civilian commercial aircraft to such airspace.
SEC.  1233. CONSULTATION AND REPORT REQUIREMENTS RELATING TO RANCH HAND
STUDY OF DEPARTMENT OF THE AIR FORCE
  (a) CONSULTATION WITH ADVISORY COMMITTEE- The Ranch Hand Advisory Committee
  may consult directly with and provide information and recommendations
  directly to the Department of the Air Force scientists conducting
  the Ranch Hand Study, and such scientists may consult directly with
  and provide information and recommendations directly to the Ranch Hand
  Advisory Committee.  No officer or employee of the Federal Government may
  intervene in or impair direct communication between the Ranch Hand Advisory
  Committee and such scientists under this section except as may be necessary
  to prevent an inappropriate disclosure of classified information.
  (b) ANNUAL REPORTS- (1) Not later than February 1 of each year, the Secretary
  of Defense shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate
  and the House of Representatives a report on the activities of the Air
  Force scientists referred to in subsection (a) during the calendar year
  preceding the year in which a report is submitted.  The first such report
  shall be submitted not later than February 1, 1991.
  (2)  Each report referred to in paragraph (1) shall include the following:
  (A) A discussion of the progress made in the Ranch Hand Study during the
  period covered by the report.
  (B) A summary of the scientific activities conducted during that period
  and the findings resulting from those activities, to be prepared by the
  scientists conducting those activities.
  (3) Such a report need not contain (A) a discussion of progress discussed in
  any other report prepared by the Department of Defense (under this section
  or otherwise) regarding the Ranch Hand Study, or (B) a scientific summary
  included in any other such report, unless modification of such discussion
  or summary is appropriate for completeness, accuracy, and currency.
  (c) DEFINITIONS- In this section:
  (1) The term `Ranch Hand Advisory Committee' means the committee known as the
  `Advisory Committee on Special Studies Relating to the Possible Long-term
  Health Effects of Phenoxy Herbicides and Contaminants' established by the
  Secretary of Health and Human Services to monitor the conduct of the Ranch
  Hand Study.
  (2)  The term `Ranch Hand Study' means the special study conducted by the
  Secretary of the Air Force relating to the possible long-term effects of
  phenoxy herbicides and contaminants on Air Force personnel who participated
  in Operation Ranch Hand in the Republic of Vietnam during the Vietnam era.
Part D--Congressional Findings; Policies; and Commendations
SEC. 1241. OVERVIEW PRESENTATION OF MILITARY STRATEGY
  It is the sense of the Congress that the President should provide for the
  Speaker of the House, the President pro tempore of the Senate, the minority
  leaders of the House and Senate, and the chairmen and ranking minority
  members of the Armed Services and Appropriations Committees of the House
  and Senate to be given annually an overview presentation on the United
  States top-level military strategy and its implementation by strategic
  forces, including the impact on targeting requirements, resources, and
  force structure.
SEC. 1242. START AND STRATEGIC MODERNIZATION
  (a) FINDINGS- The Senate makes the following findings:
  (1) The United States and the Soviet Union are engaged in the Strategic
  Arms Reduction Talks (START).
  (2) In the Joint Statement on the Treaty on Strategic Offensive Arms signed
  in June 1990, the two sides reaffirmed their determination to have the
  treaty completed and ready for signature by the end of this year.
  (3) Under the provisions of a START Treaty, both sides will carry out
  significant reductions in strategic offensive arms.
  (4) In the Joint Statement on Future Negotiations on Nuclear and Space
  Arms and Further Enhancing Strategic Stability, the United States and
  the Soviet Union agreed to pursue new talks on strategic offensive arms,
  and on the relationship between strategic offensive and defensive arms.
  (5) The objectives of these negotiations will be to reduce further the
  risk of outbreak of war, particularly nuclear war, and to ensure strategic
  stability, transparency and predictability through further stabilizing
  reductions in the strategic arsenals of both countries.
  (6) The President's effort to negotiate such agreements is dependent upon
  the maintenance of a vigorous research and development and modernization
  program as required for a prudent defense posture.
  (7) The Soviet Union has maintained a robust strategic modernization program
  throughout the course of the START negotiations which continues today.
  (b) It is the sense of the Senate that--
  (1) the Senate fully supports United States efforts to enhance strategic
  stability; and
  (2) the United States should pursue stabilizing strategic arms reduction
  agreements while maintaining a vigorous research and development and
  modernization program for United States strategic forces.
SEC. 1243. STRATEGIC ARMS REDUCTION TREATY
  It is the sense of the Senate that, pursuant to its constitutional
  responsibilities of advice and consent in respect to treaties, the Senate
  requests that before concluding a proposed Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty,
  the President provide--
  (1) a special classified and unclassified report to the Senate on whether
  the SS-23 INF missiles of Soviet manufacture, which the Soviets have
  confirmed have existed in the territories of East Germany, Czechoslovakia,
  and Bulgaria, constitute a violation of the INF Treaty or constitute
  deception in the INF negotiations, and whether the United States has
  reliable assurances that the missiles will be destroyed; and
  (2) a special classified and unclassified report to the Senate on whether
  the Soviet Krasnoyarsk radar, which Soviet Foreign Minister Shevardnadze
  admitted is a clear violation of the ABM Treaty, has been verifiably
  dismantled in accordance with United States criteria.
SEC. 1244. THEATER DEFENSE PROGRAM
  (a) FINDINGS- Congress makes the following findings:
  (1) The Director of Central Intelligence, William Webster, has testified
  before Congress that between 15 and 20 developing nations will possess
  ballistic missile capabilities by the end of the century.
  (2) The Director has also testified that by the year 2000, at least six
  third-world countries will have ballistic missiles with ranges of up to
  1,800 miles, and three of them may develop ballistic missiles with a range
  of 3,400 miles.
  (3) The Director has also testified `. . . that as many as 20 countries may
  be developing chemical weapons; and we expect this trend to continue despite
  ongoing multilateral efforts to stop their proliferation . . . At least
  10 countries are working to produce both previously known and futuristic
  biological weapons.'.
  (4) During the war between Iraq-Iran each used ballistic missiles and
  chemical payloads.
  (5) The Defense Intelligence Agency (DIA) has also informed Congress that,
  in addition to the five nuclear weapons countries--United States, Soviet
  Union, England, France, and China--`about half of a dozen additional
  countries have either acquired a capability to explode a nuclear device
  or are pursuing such a capability'.
  (6) DIA has also informed Congress that the proliferation of ballistic
  missiles is occurring at an ever-increasing pace. In just the last 2 years:
  (A) Over 1,000 ballistic missiles have been fired in combat in Iran, Iraq,
  and Afghanistan.
  (B) Flight tests of ballistic missiles have occurred in India, Pakistan,
  and South Africa.
  (C) Iraq has conducted an initial flight test of a space launch vehicle,
  which will enhance greatly their already extensive ballistic missile
  capability.
  (D) The longest range (1800+ mile) ballistic missiles in the Middle East
  have been supplied to Saudi Arabia by China.
  (7) The proliferation of ballastic missile, chemical weapons and nuclear
  technology poses a direct threat to many of our friends and allies. Moreover,
  U.S. contingency and projection forces are also threatened by these
  technologies, and this threat will increase in the future.
  (b) Therefore, it is the sense of the Congress that:
  (1) The proliferation to developing countries of ballistic missiles and
  chemical and nuclear weapons technology applicable to missile warhead
  development are potentially destabilizing, a threat to U.S. security
  commitments, and also pose a significant threat to the national security
  of our friends and allies around the the world.
  (2) Of the funds authorized for the Strategic Defense Initiative, up to
  $300,000,000 should be made available for the development of anti-tactical
  ballistic missile (ATBM) systems to counter such threats to U.S. forward
  deployed and projected forces. In this regard, the Congress recommends
  that the development of systems such as the Extended Range Interceptor
  and the Theater High Altitute Air Defense should be accelerated.
  (3) The SDI Organization should ensure that the Navy and Marine Corps are
  involved in developmental programs for future ATBM systems suitable for
  deployment with their projection and expeditionary forces.
  (4) Since the ARROW ATBM has been sucessful joint development program and,
  when deployed, will become an important asset for the defense of Israel
  against the threat of short range ballistic missiles in the region, the
  Secretary of Defense should negotiate, on an equitable basis, a memorandum
  of agreement to continue the program. Therefore, of the funds available
  for the Theater Defense program element in SDI program, not more than
  $50,000,000 should be made available for the ARROW program.
  (5) Of the funds authorized to the Army for Research, Development, Testing,
  and Evaluation, not more than $50,000,000 should be made available to
  conduct additional tests of the PATRIOT II system against existing types
  of ballistic missile threats.
  (6) The Army should establish a vigorous program to develop and test a
  rapidly deployable ATBM capability for U.S. units. For the near-term, the
  focus should be on the PATRIOT II system. From within these funds made
  available for PATRIOT II testing, the Army should also develop support
  systems, such as tracking and attack assessment radars, for existing and
  future ATBM systems.
SEC. 1245. SENSE OF CONGRESS REGARDING THE CLOSURE OF UNITED STATES MILITARY
INSTALLATIONS OUTSIDE THE UNITED STATES
  (a) FINDINGS- Congress makes the following findings:
  (1) It was reported in the July 28, 1990, European edition of the Stars
  and Stripes publication that General John R. Galvin, Commander-in-Chief
  of the United States European Command, has submitted to the Secretary of
  Defense a list of United States military installations located outside
  the United States that the General recommends be closed.
  (2) During consideration of legislative proposals authorizing appropriations
  for the Department of Defense for fiscal year 1991 by the Committee on
  Armed Services of the Senate, General Galvin indicated he would announce a
  list of 100 United States military installations outside the United States
  he recommends for closure.
  (3) Many Members of Congress strongly believe that United States military
  installations outside the United States should be closed in lieu of closing
  military installations located in the United States.
  (b) SENSE OF CONGRESS- In light of the findings expressed in subsection
  (a), it is the sense of Congress that--
  (1) the Secretary of Defense should make public any recommendations made to
  the Secretary of Defense by General John R. Galvin regarding the closure
  of United States military installations outside the United States and
  any other recommendations submitted to the Secretary by other commanders
  of combatant commands regarding the closure of United States military
  installations outside the United States; and
  (2) the closure of such installations located outside the United States
  should be accomplished at the discretion of the Secretary of Defense at
  the earliest opportunity.
SEC. 1246. UNITED STATES FACILITIES IN GERMANY
  (a)(1) The Government of the United States has publicly committed itself
  to the reduction of the military forces which it deploys in Western Europe
  in general, and in the Federal Republic of Germany in particular.
  (2) The United States Army already is drawing up plans for the closure and
  realignment of United States military facilities in the Federal Republic
  of Germany.
  (3) Many United States military facilities in the Federal Republic of
  Germany are located on municipal property of high value.
  (4) The continuance of cordial relations between the peoples of the United
  States and Federal Republic of Germany is a matter of major concern, both
  for the health of United States-German relations and the strength of the
  North Atlantic Treaty Organization.
  (b) It is the sense of the Senate that the Department of Defense should,
  whenever possible, consult closely with the central, state, and municipal
  authorities in the Federal Republic of Germany with a view to closing those
  United States facilities located in municipal areas with high property
  values, particularly when those facilities could be developed for commercial
  or residential purposes.
SEC. 1247. PHILIPPINE EARTHQUAKE RELIEF EFFORT
  (a) FINDINGS- The Senate makes the following findings:
  (1) The men and women in the United States Air Force, Marine Corps, and
  Navy serving in the Pacific region have given substantial and significant
  assistance to the Government and people of the Philippines following the
  July 16 earthquake, which resulted in the deaths of over one thousand six
  hundred people, as well as severe dislocation and devastation.
  (2) United States military personnel stationed in the Philippines have
  traditionally exhibited a strong respect and admiration for the people of
  the Philippines.
  (3) A Marine Corps pilot was killed in a helicopter crash during an
  earthquake relief mission on July 20.
  (4) The United States Air Force has flown over two hundred and twenty
  sorties, including medical evacuations to assist in earthquake relief.
  (5) The Marine Corps has flown over two hundred and fifty aircraft missions,
  and has transported via helicopter over one thousand Philippine nationals
  and more than five hundred thousand pounds of cargo.
  (6) Navy medical personnel from Subic Bay have provided critical medical
  assistance to those injured in the earthquake.
  (7) More than one thousand one hundred and forty tons of supplies and
  equipment have been airlifted to the Philippines or transported over land
  to Baguio City and Cabanatuan City, areas devastated by the earthquake.
  (8) Military civil engineering teams have restored more than half the
  damaged water systems and all of the electrical systems, and have provided
  heavy equipment to aid in rescue operations.
  (9) Six hundred and fifty units of blood were donated by members of Clark
  Air Force Base and other Pacific Air Force bases, and one hundred and
  twenty units of blood were donated by members of Subic Bay Naval Facility.
  (b) It is the sense of the Senate, that--
  (1) the earthquake relief assistance provided by United States military
  forces has played an essential role in the Philippine recovery from the
  July 16 earthquake; and
  (2) those United States Armed Forces and their dependents who have assisted
  in Philippine earthquake relief should be commended by the United States
  Senate for their considerable efforts on behalf of the Philippine people
  in their recovery efforts.
SEC. 1248.  COMMEMORATION OF THE EFFORTS OF THE BATTLE OF THE BULGE HISTORICAL
FOUNDATION
  (a) FINDINGS- Congress makes the following findings:
  (1) The Battle of the Ardennes-Alsace Campaign of World War II, commonly
  known as the Battle of the Bulge, was fought in the Ardennes region of
  eastern Belgium and northern Luxembourg, from December 16, 1944, to January
  25, 1945, in the deepest snow and during the coldest temperatures in the
  memory of the inhabitants of the region.
  (2) Six hundred thousand members of the Armed Forces of the United States
  fought in the Battle of the Bulge, making the battle the largest land
  battle ever fought by United States military forces.
  (3) The battle claimed 81,000 United States casualties, including 19,000
  killed.
  (4) In 1988, many of the veterans of the battle, including the 7,000 member
  organization known as the Veterans of the Battle of the Bulge, organized
  the Battle of the Bulge Historical Foundation to commemorate the heroic
  sacrifices made by the men and women who saw action during the Battle of
  the Bulge, to pay homage to the servicemen killed in that battle, and to
  inform the present and future youth of this Nation regarding the costs of
  war and the price of liberty.
  (5) The efforts of the foundation are directed toward expanding the existing
  United States Army Museum, located at Fort George G. Meade, Maryland, to
  include a gallery dedicated to the battle, the participants of the battle,
  and World War II.
  (6) The Museum and the foundation have agreed to act jointly to achieve
  goals relating to the commemoration of that battle.
  (7) Installation of a gallery at the museum will result in the museum having
  the only gallery in the United States devoted exclusively to commemorating
  that battle.
  (8) The Battle of the Bulge Historical Foundation has set as a goal to
  raise $1,500,000 by December 16, 1994, the 50th anniversary of the battle,
  to accomplish the objective of appropriately preserving the memory of
  the battle.
  (b) RECOGNITION AND COMMENDATION- In light of the findings in subsection
  (a), Congress recognizes and commends the efforts of the Battle of the
  Bulge Historical Foundation to provide for the installation of a special
  gallery at the United States Army Museum at Fort George G. Meade, Maryland,
  devoted to the collection, preservation, and exhibition of military artifacts
  relating to the Battle of the Bulge and to commemorate that historic battle.
SEC. 1249. HONORING GENERAL MATTHEW B. RIDGWAY
  (a) FINDINGS- The Congress finds that--
  (1) General Matthew Bunker Ridgway, United States Army (Retired) served
  his country with great honor and distinction for more than forty years;
  (2) during World War II, General Ridgway commanded the 82nd Airborne Division
  and later the XVIII Airborne Corps, leading his soldiers in some of the
  toughest fighting of the European theater to achieve Allied victories in
  North Africa, Sicily, Italy, the Normandy invasion, the Battle of the Bulge,
  and the crossing of the Rhine and Elbe Rivers.
  (3) in Korea, during the depths of the bitter winter of 1950, General
  Ridgway took command of the seriously demoralized Eighth Army, motivated
  and inspired it to `Stand and Fight,' and led it on the offensive again;
  (4) under his leadership, the military forces of the United Nations Command
  in Korea recaptured territory that had been lost earlier to overwhelming
  enemy forces and forced the onset of armistice negotiations; and
  (5) after his commands in the Korean war, General Ridgway continued his
  outstanding service to his country by serving in the positions of Supreme
  Commander of Allied Powers in Europe and Chief of Staff of the United
  States Army.
  (b) SENSE OF CONGRESS- In light of the findings expressed in subsection
  (a), it is the sense of Congress that--
  (1) General Ridgway deserves the highest honor and utmost respect of the
  United States and its citizens for his extraordinary service and dedication
  to their security; and
  (2) a Congressional Gold Medal should be struck in honor of his lifetime
  of superior achievements.
Part E--82nd Airborne Division Association Incorporated
SEC. 1251. CHARTER
  The 82nd Airborne Division Association, Incorporated, a nonprofit corporation
  organized under the laws of the State of Illinois, is recognized as such
  and is granted a Federal charter.
SEC. 1252. POWERS
  The 82nd Airborne Division Association, Incorporated (hereinafter in
  this part referred to as the `corporation'), shall have only those powers
  granted to it through its bylaws and articles of incorporation filed in
  the State or States in which it is incorporated and subject to the laws
  of such State or States.
SEC. 1253. OBJECTS AND PURPOSES OF CORPORATION
  The objects and purposes of the corporation are those provided in its
  articles of incorporation and shall include--
  (1) perpetuating the memory of members of the 82nd Airborne Division who
  fought and died for our Nation,
  (2) furthering the common bond between retired and active members of the
  82nd Airborne Division,
  (3) providing educational assistance in the form of college scholarships
  and grants to the qualified children of current and former members,
  (4) promoting civic and patriotic activities, and
  (5) promoting the indispensable role of airborne defense in our national
  security.
SEC. 1254. SERVICE OF PROCESS
  With respect to service of process, the corporation shall comply with the
  laws of the State or States in which it is incorporated and the State
  or States in which it carries on its activities in furtherance of its
  corporate purposes.
SEC. 1255. MEMBERSHIP
  (a) Subject to subsection (b), eligibility for membership in the corporation
  and the rights and privileges of members of the corporation shall be as
  provided in the constitution and bylaws of the corporation.
  (b) Terms of membership and requirements for holding office within the
  corporation shall not discriminate on the basis of race, color, national
  origin, sex, religion, or handicapped status.
SEC. 1256. BOARD OF DIRECTORS; COMPOSITION; RESPONSIBILITIES
  The composition of the board of directors of the corporation and the
  responsibilities of such board shall be as provided in the articles of
  incorporation of the corporation and shall be in conformity with the laws
  of the State or States in which it is incorporated.
SEC. 1257. OFFICERS OF CORPORATION
  The positions of officers of the corporation and the election of members
  to such positions shall be as provided in the articles of incorporation
  of the corporation and shall be in conformity with the laws of the State
  or States in which it is incorporated.
SEC. 1258. RESTRICTIONS
  No part of the income or assets of the corporation may inure to the
  benefit of any member, officer, or director of the corporation or be
  distributed to any such individual during the life of this charter. Nothing
  in this subsection shall be construed to prevent the payment of reasonable
  compensation to the officers of the corporation or reimbursement for actual
  and necessary expenses in amounts approved by the board of directors.
  (b) The corporation may not make any loan to any officer, director, or
  employee of the corporation.
  (c) The corporation and any officer and director of the corporation,
  acting as such officer or director, shall not contribute to, support or
  otherwise participate in any political activity or in any manner attempt
  to influence legislation.
  (d) The corporation shall have no power to issue any shares of stock nor
  to declare or pay any dividends.
  (e) The corporation shall not claim congressional approval or Federal
  Government authority for any of its activities.
SEC. 1259. LIABILITY
  The corporation shall be liable for the acts of its officers and agents
  whenever such officer and agents have acted within the scope of their
  authority.
SEC. 1260. BOOKS AND RECORDS; INSPECTION
  The corporation shall keep correct and complete books and records of account
  and minutes of any proceeding of the corporation involving any of its
  members, the board of directors, or any committee having authority under the
  board of directors. The corporation shall keep, at its principal office,
  a record of the names and addresses of all members having the right to
  vote in any proceeding of the corporation. All books and records of such
  corporation may be inspected by any member having the right to vote in
  any corporation proceeding, or by any agent or attorney of such member,
  for any proper purpose at any reasonable time. Nothing in this section
  shall be construed to contravene any applicable State law.
SEC. 1261. AUDIT OF FINANCIAL TRANSACTIONS
  The first session of the Act entitled `An Act to provide for audit of
  accounts of private corporations established under Federal law', approved
  August 30, 1964 (36 U.S.C. 1101), is amended by adding at the end thereof
  the following:
  `(74) 82nd Airborne Division Association, Incorporated.'.
SEC. 1262. ANNUAL REPORT
  The corporation shall report annually to the Congress concerning the
  activities of the corporation during the preceding fiscal year. Such annual
  report shall be submitted at the time as the report of the audit of the
  corporation required by section 2 of the Act entitled `An Act to provide
  for audit of accounts of private corporations established under Federal
  law', approved August 30, 1964 (36 U.S.C. 1101). The report shall not be
  printed as a public document.
SEC. 1263. RESERVATION OF RIGHT TO AMEND, ALTER, OR REPEAL CHARTER
  The right to amend, alter, or repeal this part is expressly reserved to
  the Congress.
SEC. 1264. DEFINITION OF STATE
  For purposes of this part, the term `State' includes the District of
  Columbia, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, the Commonwealth of the Northern
  Mariana Islands, and the territories and possessions of the United States.
SEC. 1265. TAX-EXEMPT STATUS
  The corporation shall maintain its status as an organization exempt from
  taxation as provided in the Internal Revenue Code of 1986.
SEC. 1266. TERMINATION
  If the corporation fails to comply with any of the restrictions or provisions
  of this part, the charter granted by this part shall expire.
Part F--Missile Technology
SEC. 1271. SHORT TITLE
  This Part may be cited as the `Missile Technology Control Act of 1990'.
SEC. 1272. FINDINGS
  The Congress finds that--
  (1) the global spread of weapons of mass destruction, accompanied by
  the proliferation of sophisticated missile delivery systems and missile
  technology, poses a serious threat to stability and peace in many regions;
  (2) the Missile Technology Control Regime (MTCR) was established in 1987
  to restrict such proliferation;
  (3) notwithstanding the existence of the MTCR, companies situated in
  countries which are adherents to the MTCR have transferred, in violation
  of the principles of that agreement, missile equipment and technology
  to nonadherents;
  (4) the MTCR is further weakened as it does not include the Soviet Union,
  China, Argentina, North Korea, Brazil, and other countries, which have
  transferred missiles and missile technology to countries without this
  capability;
  (5) missile proliferation could be better controlled if MTCR adherents
  shared a common interpretation of the MTCR principles and strictly enforced
  its provisions;
  (6) the spread of missiles can be effectively restricted only if all
  countries involved in the transfer of such missiles and technology agree
  to restrict such transfers;
  (7) coordination and cooperation between the agencies charged with
  responsibility for carrying out United States policy on missile control
  is essential; and
  (8) greater consultation between the President and the Congress is needed to
  ensure that Congress is being kept fully informed about missile proliferation
  and development, and ongoing measures to halt missile proliferation.
SEC. 1273. PURPOSE
  It is the purpose of this part--
  (1) to restrict the proliferation of missiles and missile equipment and
  technology;
  (2) to encourage greater international adherence to the Missile Technology
  Control Regime (MTCR) of 1987;
  (3) to strengthen the MTCR through increased cooperation among adherents
  to strengthen coordination of export controls;
  (4) to seek further bilateral and multilateral agreements which complement
  the MTCR;
  (5) to encourage countries without missiles to forego the development or
  acquisition of these weapons; and
  (6) to require stricter enforcement procedures and improved cooperation
  among the United States agencies responsible for controlling missile and
  missile technology exports.
SEC. 1274. AMENDMENT TO THE ARMS EXPORT CONTROL ACT
  The Arms Export Control Act is amended by inserting after chapter 6 (22
  U.S.C. 2795b. et seq.) the following new chapter:
`CHAPTER 7--CONTROL OF MISSILES AND MISSILE EQUIPMENT AND TECHNOLOGY
`SEC. 71. POLICY
  `It is the policy of the United States to improve the control of and
  reduce the proliferation of missiles and missile equipment and technology
  by taking all appropriate measures--
  `(1) to improve enforcement and seek a common and broader interpretation
  among Missile Technology Control Regime (MTCR) members of MTCR principles;
  `(2) to increase the number of countries that adhere to the MTCR;
  `(3) to explore with nations that do not adhere to the MTCR and which
  export missiles and missile equipment and technology the negotiation of
  bilateral and multilateral agreements consistent with the principles of
  the MTCR or which, at a minimum, do not undercut the MTCR;
  `(4) to promote the international review of measures and development
  of common standards to reduce the proliferation of missiles and missile
  equipment and technology; and
  `(5) to seek binding multilateral agreements prohibiting the global spread
  of missiles that are subject to MTCR guidelines.
`SEC. 72. DENIAL OF THE TRANSFER OF MISSILE EQUIPMENT AND TECHNOLOGY BY
UNITED STATES PERSONS
  `(a) SANCTION- If the President determines that a United States person
  has transferred, or conspired to transfer or facilitated the transfer in
  violation of the provisions of section 38 of the Arms Export Control Act
  (22 U.S.C. 2778), section 5 or 6 of the Export Administration Act of 1979
  (50 U.S.C. App. 2404, 2405), or any regulations issued under any such
  provisions of--
  `(1) MTCR category II missile equipment and technology then the President
  shall deny to such United States person for a period of two years--
  `(A) United States Government contracts relating to missile equipment and
  technology; and
  `(B) licenses for the transfer of missile equipment and technology controlled
  pursuant to this Act;
  `(2) MTCR category I missile equipment and technology, then the President
  shall deny to such United States person for a minimum of two years--
  `(A) all United States Government contracts, and
  `(B) all export licenses and agreements for items on the United States
  Munitions List.
  `(b) DISCRETIONARY SANCTIONS- In the case of any determination made pursuant
  to subsection (a), the President may pursue any sanctions listed in section
  38(c) of this Act.
  `(c) WAIVER- The President may waive, to the extent required to meet the
  national security needs of the United States, the imposition of sanctions
  under subsection (a) if the President certifies to the Congress that--
  `(1) the product or service is essential to the national security of the
  United States; or
  `(2) such person is a sole source supplier of the product or service, the
  product or service is not available from any alternative reliable supplier,
  and the need for the product or service cannot be met in a timely manner
  by improved manufacturing processes or technological developments.
`SEC. 73. TRANSFERS OF MISSILE EQUIPMENT AND TECHNOLOGY BY FOREIGN PERSONS
  `(a) SANCTION- If the President determines that a foreign person has
  transferred, after the date of enactment, MTCR missile equipment or
  technology that would be, if it were United States-origin equipment or
  technology, subject to the jurisdiction of the United States under this Act--
  `(1) within category II of the MTCR annex or the President has made a
  determination under section 11B(b)(1) of the Export Administration Act of
  1979, as amended, then the President shall deny, for a period of two years--
  `(A) United States Government contracts relating to missile equipment or
  technology, and
  `(B) licenses for the transfer to such foreign person of missile equipment
  and technology controlled pursuant to this Act;
  `(2) within category I of the MTCR annex, then the President shall deny
  for a period of not less than two years--
  `(A) all United States Government contracts with such foreign person, and
  `(B) licenses for the transfer to such foreign person of all items on the
  United States Munitions List.
  `(b) DISCRETIONARY SANCTIONS- If the President determines that a foreign
  person has transferred missile equipment or technology he may impose any
  sanction described in section 11A(b) of the Export Administration Act of
  1979, as amended.
  `(c) WAIVER- The President may waive, to the extent required to meet the
  national security needs of the United States, the imposition of sanctions
  under subsection (a) if the President certifies to the Congress that--
  `(1) in the case of an item the transfer of which has been authorized
  by an MTCR adherent, after consultation with the licensing government,
  the transfer did not violate the principles of the MTCR guidelines;
  `(2) the product or service is essential to the national security of the
  United States;
  `(3) such person is a sole source supplier of the product or service, the
  product or service is not available from any alternative reliable supplier,
  and the need for the product or service cannot be met in a timely manner
  by improved manufacturing processes or technological developments; or
  `(4) the foreign person has been appropriately sanctioned by its national
  government.
`SEC. 74. PROHIBITION ON SATELLITE LICENSING
  `The United States Government shall not, through the issuance of licenses
  under this Act, assist any missile program of the People's Republic
  of China, directly or indirectly, and shall not, through the issuance
  of licenses under this Act, permit the export or the shipment of United
  States satellites for launch on Chinese space launch vehicles and shall
  revoke any previously issued licenses granted for the export of such
  satellites unless the President certifies to the Congress that, in the one
  year prior to the certification, China has not supplied missiles, missile
  equipment and technology, or chemical or biological weapons, including
  precursors intended for use in such weapons, to Iran, Iraq, Syria, Libya,
  or any non-MTCR adherent, and has provided reasonable assurances that no
  future sales of missiles, missile equipment and technology or chemical or
  biological weapons to such countries are planned.
`SEC. 75. REPORT ON MISSILE PROLIFERATION
  `(a) CONTENTS OF REPORT- Not later than ninety days after the date of
  enactment of this Act, and every one hundred and eighty days thereafter, the
  Secretary of State shall submit to the Congress a report on international
  transfers of aircraft which the Secretary has reason to believe may be
  intended to be used for the delivery of nuclear, biological, or chemical
  weapons (hereafter referred to as `NBC capable aircraft') and international
  transfers of missiles and missile equipment and technology to Syria, Iraq,
  Libya, and Iran, and any other nation seeking to acquire such equipment
  or technology in violation of MTCR principles, other than those listed in
  subsection (d) that shall include--
  `(1) the status of missile and aircraft development programs in such nations,
  including efforts by those nations to acquire missiles or missile equipment
  and technology and NBC capable aircraft and an assessment of the present
  and future capability of those countries to produce and utilize such weapons;
  `(2) a description of particular significant assistance provided, after the
  date of enactment, to such nations, in the development of missile systems,
  as defined in the MTCR, and NBC capable aircraft and its source;
  `(3) a list of companies which continue to provide missile equipment and
  technology to such nations, as of the date of the report;
  `(4) a description of diplomatic measures that the United States has taken
  or that other MTCR members have made to the United States with respect to
  activities of private firms and countries suspected of violating the MTCR;
  `(5) an analysis of the effectiveness of the regulatory and enforcement
  regimes of the United States and its MTCR partners to control the export
  of missiles and missile technology; and
  `(6) a determination as to whether transfers of missile equipment and
  technology by any country pose a significant threat to the national security
  interests of the United States.
  `(b) CLASSIFICATION- The President shall make every effort to submit all of
  the information required by subsection (a) in unclassified form. Whenever
  the President submits any such information in classified form, he shall
  submit such classified information in an addendum and shall also submit
  simultaneously a detailed summary, in unclassified form, of such classified
  information.
  `(c) CONSTRUCTION- Nothing in this section--
  `(1) requires the disclosure of information in violation of Senate
  Resolution 400 of the Ninety-fourth Congress or otherwise alters, modifies,
  or supersedes any of the authorities contained therein; or
  `(2) shall be construed as requiring the President to disclose any
  information which, in his judgment, would seriously--
  `(A) jeopardize the national security of the United States;
  `(B) undermine existing and effective efforts to meet the policy objectives
  outlined in section 71 of this Act; or
  `(C) compromise sensitive intelligence operations, with resulting grave
  damage to the national security interests of the United States.
  `(d) EXCLUSIONS- Australia, Belgium, Canada, Denmark, Federal Republic
  of Germany, France, Greece, Iceland, Israel, Italy, Japan, Luxembourg,
  Netherlands, Norway, Portugal, Spain, Turkey and the United Kingdom.
`SEC. 77. DEFINITIONS
  For purposes of this chapter--
  `(1) the term `Missile Technology Control Regime' or `MTCR' means the
  policy statement, between the United States, the United Kingdom, the Federal
  Republic of Germany, France, Italy, Canada, and Japan, announced on April
  16, 1987, to restrict sensitive missile-relevant transfers based on annex
  of missile equipment and technology, and any subsequent amendments;
  `(2) the terms `missile' and `missile equipment and technology' mean those
  items listed in the MTCR Equipment and Technology Annex, as amended;
  `(3) the term `person' includes the singular and plural and any individual,
  partnership, corporation, or other form of association; and
  `(4) the term `foreign person' means any non-United States person.'.
SEC. 1275. TRANSFERS OF MISSILE EQUIPMENT AND TECHNOLOGY TO COUNTRIES THAT
TRANSFER OR RECEIVE MISSILE EQUIPMENT AND TECHNOLOGY
  (a) SANCTIONS- If the President determines that as of the date of enactment
  of this Act, or at any time thereafter, a MTCR nonadherent, authorizes the
  transfer of, receives, or attempts to acquire missiles or missile equipment
  and technology that contributes materially to the development of missile
  systems capable of delivering at least a 500-kg payload to a range of at
  least 300 km, then the President shall deny all export licenses for the
  transfer of--
  (1) all items on the United States Munitions List, and
  (2) missile equipment and missile technology controlled pursuant to the
  Export Administration Act of 1979, as amended.
  (b) WAIVER- The President may waive, to the extent required to meet the
  national security needs of the United States, the imposition of sanctions
  pursuant to subsection (a) if the President certifies to Congress that--
  (1) to do so would be in the national security interests of the United
  States;
  (2) the transfer in question was licensed by a government adhering to the
  MTCR; or
  (3) the transfer in question is for an item for which the President has
  received reliable assurances that that item is intended for civilian end use.
  (c) REMOVAL OF SANCTIONS- The President may remove the sanctions imposed
  pursuant to subsection (a) if the President determines that the country
  under sanction has suspended attempts to acquire, transfer or receive
  missile equipment and missile technology for a period of at least one year.
TITLE XIII--ELIMINATION AND MODIFICATION OF REPORTS REQUIRED BY LAW
Part A--Repeal of Existing Report Requirements
SEC. 1301. REPORTS REQUIRED BY TITLE 10, UNITED STATES CODE
  Title 10, United States Code, is amended as follows:
  (1) Chapter 2 is amended by striking out section 117.
  (2) Section 673(b) is amended by striking out the last sentence.
  (3) Section 836(b) is amended by striking out `and shall be reported
  to Congress'.
  (4) Section 1051 is amended--
  (A) by striking out subsections (e) and (f); and
  (B) by redesignating subsection (g) as subsection (e).
  (5) Section 2208 is amended by striking out subsection (k).
  (6) Chapter 131 is amended by striking out section 2216.
  (7) Section 2313(c) is amended by striking out the last sentence.
  (8) Section 2324(e)(2) is amended--
  (A) in subparagraph (A), by striking out `(A)'; and
  (B) by striking out subparagraphs (B) and (C).
  (9) Chapter 138 is amended by striking out section 2349.
  (10) Chapter 139 is amended by striking out section 2357.
  (11) Section 2362 is amended--
  (A) by striking out subsection (c); and
  (B) by redesignating subsections (d) and (e) as subsections (c) and (d),
  respectively.
  (12) Subsection (c) of section 2365 is amended to read as follows:
  `(c) EXCEPTION- Subsection (a) shall not apply to the development of a major
  weapons system (or subsystems of such system) if the Secretary determines
  that use of a competitive prototype program strategy is not practicable
  with respect to such system or subsystems.'.
  (13) Section 2394(b) is amended by striking out `only--' and all that
  follows down through the end and inserting in lieu thereof `only after
  the approval of the proposed contract by the Secretary of Defense.'.
  (14) Section 2431 is amended--
  (A) by striking out  subsection (b);
  (B) by striking out `or (b)' in subsection (c); and
  (C) by redesignating subsections (c) and (d) as subsections (b) and (c),
  respectively.
  (15) Section 2463 is amended--
  (A) by striking out subsection (b); and
  (B) by redesignating subsection (c) as subsection (b).
  (16) Section 2779(b) is amended by striking out paragraph (4).
  (17) Section 2805(b) is amended by striking out  paragraph (3).
  (18) Paragraph (4) of section 2822(b) is amended to read as follows:
  `(4) Housing units acquired without consideration.'.
  (19) Section 2823 is amended--
  (A) by striking out subsection (b); and
  (B) by redesignating subsections (c) and (d) as subsections (b) and (c),
  respectively.
  (20) Section 2834 is amended--
  (A) by striking out subsection (b); and
  (B) by redesignating subsection (c) as subsection (b).
  (21) Section 2854 is amended--
  (A) in subsection (a), by striking out `(a) Subject to subsection (b),
  the' and inserting in lieu thereof `The'; and
  (B) by striking out subsection (b).
  (22) Section 2856 is amended--
  (A) in subsection (a), by striking out the subsection designation `(a)'; and
  (B) by striking out subsection (b).
  (23) Section 2864(b) is amended by striking out `after the 21-day period'
  and all that follows and inserting in lieu thereof a period.
  (24) Section 7308 is amended by striking out subsection (c).
  (25) Section 7309(b) is amended by striking out the last sentence.
SEC. 1302. REPORT REQUIRED BY TITLE 37, UNITED STATES CODE
  Title 37, United States Code, is amended as follows: Section 1008(a)
  is amended by striking out the last sentence.
SEC. 1303. REPORTS AND NOTIFICATIONS REQUIRED BY ANNUAL AUTHORIZATION ACTS
  (a) PUBLIC LAW 101-189- Section 852 of the National Defense Authorization
  Act for Fiscal Years 1990 and 1991 (Public Law 101-189; 103 Stat. 1517)
  is amended--
  (1) in subsection (a), by striking out the subsection designation `(a)'; and
  (2) by striking out subsection (b).
  (b) PUBLIC LAW 100-456- Section 317 of the National Defense Authorization
  Act, Fiscal Year 1989 (Public Law 100-456; 102 Stat. 1918), is amended by
  striking out subsection (c).
  (c) PUBLIC LAW 100-180- The National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal
  Years 1988 and 1989 (Public Law 100-180; 101 Stat. 1037) is amended--
  (1) in section 112, by striking out subsection (c); and
  (2) in section 1201, by striking out subsection (e).
  (d) PUBLIC LAW 99-661- Section 1207(g)(4) of the National Defense
  Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1987 (Public Law 99-661; 100 Stat. 3816)
  is amended--
  (1) by striking out subparagraph (B); and
  (2) by redesignating subparagraph (C) as subparagraph (B).
  (e) PUBLIC LAW 99-145- Section 106(a)(2) of the Department of Defense
  Authorization Act, 1986 (Public Law 99-145; 99 Stat. 583) is amended
  by striking out `may be obligated--' and all that follows down through
  `(B) for acquisition' and inserting in lieu thereof `may be obligated
  for acquisition'.
  (f) PUBLIC LAW 98-115- Subsection (b) of section 803 of the Military
  Construction Authorization Act, 1984 (10 U.S.C. 2821 note), is amended
  by striking out `if--' and all that follows down through the end of the
  subsection and inserting in lieu thereof `if the Secretary determines
  that with respect to such units compliance with the requirement in such
  subsection is infeasible.'.
SEC. 1304. REPORTS REQUIRED BY OTHER LAWS
  (a) PUBLIC LAW 85-804- The first section of Public Law 85-804 (50
  U.S.C. 1431) is amended by striking out the last two sentences.
  (b) MILITARY SELECTIVE SERVICE ACT- Section 18 of the Military Selective
  Service Act (50 U.S.C. App. 468) is amended--
  (1) in subsection (a), by striking out `, except that no order' in the first
  sentence and all that follows through the second sentence and inserting
  in lieu thereof a period; and
  (2) in subsection (h)--
  (A) by striking out `(1)' after `(h)'; and
  (B) by striking out paragraph (2).
  (c) DEFENSE INDUSTRIAL RESERVE ACT- The Defense Industrial Reserve Act
  (50 U.S.C. 451 et seq.) is amended by striking out section 5.
  (d) FOREIGN ASSISTANCE ACT OF 1961- Section 514 of the Foreign Assistance
  Act of 1961 (22 U.S.C. 2321h) is amended by striking out subsection (e).
Part B--Modifications to Existing Report Requirements
SEC. 1311. REPORTS REQUIRED BY TITLE 10, UNITED STATES CODE
  Title 10, United States Code, is amended as follows:
  (1) Section 128(d) is amended by striking out `a quarterly basis' in the
  first sentence and inserting in lieu thereof `an annual basis'.
  (2) Section 402(d) is amended by striking out `At the end of each six-month
  period' and inserting in lieu thereof `Not later than July 31 each year'.
  (3) Section 662(b) is amended by striking out `the Secretary shall
  immediately notify Congress of' in the second sentence and inserting in
  lieu thereof `the Secretary shall include in the periodic report required
  by this subsection information on'.
  (4) Section 2215 is amended--
  (A) in subsection (a) by striking out `reports (at the times specified
  under subsection (d))' and inserting in lieu thereof `an annual report
  (at the time specified in subsection (d))'; and
  (B) by striking out subsection (d) and inserting in lieu thereof the
  following:
  `(d) TIMING OF REPORT- An annual report shall be submitted to Congress
  under this section concurrent with the President's budget.'.
  (5)(A) Subsection (b) of section 2401 is amended to read as follows:
  `(b) The Secretary may make a contract described in subsection (a)(1) if--
  `(1) the Secretary has been specifically authorized by law to make the
  contract; and
  `(2) the Secretary determines that such a lease is warranted based on
  analysis of the cost to the United States (including lost tax revenue)
  of any such lease or charter arrangement compared with the cost to the
  United States of direct procurement of the aircraft or naval vessels by
  the United States.'.
  (B) Such section is further amended by striking out subsection (e) and
  redesignating subsection (f) as subsection (e).
  (6) Section 2457(d) is amended by striking out `Before February 1 of
  each year,' and inserting in lieu thereof `Before February 1, 1989, and
  biennially thereafter,'.
  (7) Section 2662(b) is amended by striking out `$5,000' and inserting in
  lieu thereof `$25,000'.
  (8) Section 2853(d)(3) is amended by inserting `, whichever occurs earlier'
  after `increased cost'.
  (9) Section 7434 is amended--
  (A) by striking out `Within thirty days after the close of each quarter'
  and inserting in lieu thereof `Not later than March 1 each year'; and
  (B) by striking out `preceding quarter' and inserting in lieu thereof
  `preceding calendar year'.
SEC. 1312. REPORTS REQUIRED BY DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE AUTHORIZATION ACT, 1985
  The Department of Defense Authorization Act, 1985 (Public Law 98-525;
  98 Stat. 2492) is amended--
  (1) in subparagraph (A) of section 1002(d)(2), by adding at the end the
  following new clause:
  `(xi) Other selected indicators of NATO capability.'; and
  (2) in section 1003(c), by striking out `March 1' and inserting in lieu
  thereof `April 1'.
Part C--Report Provisions Previously Terminated by Goldwater-Nichols Act
SEC. 1321. PURPOSE OF PART
  It is the purpose of this part to repeal certain provisions of law containing
  report requirements terminated by section 602 of the Goldwater-Nichols
  Department of Defense Reorganization Act of 1986 (Public Law 94-433;
  100 Stat. 1066).
SEC. 1322. REPEAL OF STATUTORY PROVISIONS TERMINATED BY GOLDWATER-NICHOLS ACT
  (a) TITLE 10, UNITED STATES CODE- Title 10, United States Code, is amended
  as follows:
  (1) Section 113 is amended--
  (A) by striking out subsection (i); and
  (B) by redesignating subsections (j) through (l) as (i) through (k),
  respectively.
  (2) Paragraph (4) of section 115(b) is amended by striking out the last
  sentence.
  (3) Section 2006(e) is amended by striking out `and report periodically'
  down through `of the Fund'.
  (4) Section 2113(j) is amended--
  (A) by striking out `subject to paragraph subparagraph (2),' in subparagraphs
  (B), (C), and (E) of paragraph (1);
  (B) by striking out paragraph (2); and
  (C) by redesignating paragraphs (3), (4), and (5) as paragraphs (2),
  (3), and (4), respectively.
  (5) Section 2307 is amended--
  (A) by striking out subsection (d); and
  (B) by redesignating subsection (e) as subsection (d).
  (6) Chapter 139 is amended by striking out section 2359.
  (7) Section 2388 is amended by striking out subsection (d).
  (8) Section 2394a(b) is amended--
  (A) by striking out `(1)' after `(b)'; and
  (B) by striking out paragraph (2).
  (9) Section 2404 is amended--
  (A) by striking out subsection (d); and
  (B) by redesignating subsection (e) as subsection (d).
  (10) Chapter 145 is amended by striking out section 2455.
  (11) Section 2547 is amended--
  (A) by striking out subsection (d); and
  (B) by redesignating subsection (e) as subsection (d).
  (12) Section 2672a(b) is amended by striking out the last sentence.
  (13) Section 2721 is amended--
  (A) in subsection (a), by striking out `(a)'; and
  (B) by striking out subsection (b).
  (14) Section 4314 is amended by striking out the last sentence.
  (15) Section 6956 is amended--
  (A) by striking out subsection (a); and
  (B) by redesignating subsections (b), (c), and (d) as subsections (a),
  (b), and (c), respectively.
  (16) Chapter 631 is amended by striking out section 7217.
  (b) TITLE 32, UNITED STATES CODE- Section 314(d) of title 32, United States
  Code, is amended by striking out the last sentence.
  (c) TITLE 37, UNITED STATES CODE- (1) Sections 301a and 301c are amended
  by striking out subsection (e).
  (2) Section 303a(c) is amended by striking out the last sentence.
  (3) Section 306 is amended by striking out subsection (f).
  (4) Section 308b is amended--
  (A) by striking out subsection (e); and
  (B) by redesignating subsections (f) and (g) as subsections (e) and (f),
  respectively.
  (5) Section 308c is amended--
  (A) by striking out subsection (e); and
  (B) by redesignating subsection (f) as subsection (e).
  (6) Section 310 is amended by striking out subsection (d).
  (7) Section 312b is amended--
  (A) by striking out subsection (c); and
  (B) by redesignating subsection (d) as subsection (c).
  (8) Section 312c is amended--
  (A) by striking out subsection (d); and
  (B) by redesignating subsection (e) as subsection (d).
  (d) PUBLIC LAW 99-145- (1) Section 913 of such Act (10 U.S.C. 2301 note)
  is amended--
  (A) by striking out subsection (b); and
  (B) by redesignating subsection (c) as subsection (b).
  (2) Section 915 of such Act (10 U.S.C. 2431 note) is repealed.
  (e) PUBLIC LAW 98-94- Section 1260 of the Department of Defense Authorization
  Act, 1984 (Public Law 98-94; 97 Stat. 703), is amended--
  (1) by striking out subsection (a); and
  (2) in subsection (b), by striking out `(b)' and the second sentence.
  (f) PUBLIC LAW 96-418- Section 802 of the Military Construction Authorization
  Act, 1981 (Public Law 96-418; 10 U.S.C. 2431 note), is amended by striking
  out subsection (e).
  (g) PUBLIC LAW 94-106- Section 808 of the Department  of Defense
  Appropriation Authorization Act, 1976 (Public Law 94-106; 10 U.S.C. 7291
  note), is repealed.
SEC. 1323. RESTORATION OF REPORTING REQUIREMENT TERMINATED BY GOLDWATER-NICHOLS
ACT
  The effectiveness of the reporting requirement of section 127(c) of
  title 10, United States Code, previously terminated by section 602(c)
  of the Goldwater-Nichols Department of Defense Reorganization Act of 1986
  (Public Law 99-433; 10 U.S.C. 111 note), is hereby restored.
SEC. 1324. REPEAL OF GOLDWATER-NICHOLS REPORTS TERMINATION SECTION
  Section 602(c) of the Goldwater-Nichols Department of Defense Reorganization
  Act of 1986 (Public Law 99-433; 10 U.S.C. 111 note) is repealed.
Part D--Technical and Clerical Amendments
SEC. 1331. TECHNICAL AND CLERICAL AMENDMENTS
  Title 10, United States Code, is amended as follows:
  (1) The table of sections at the beginning of chapter 2 is amended by
  striking out the item relating to section 117.
  (2) The table of sections at the beginning of chapter 131 is amended by
  striking out the item relating to section 2216.
  (3) The table of sections at the beginning of chapter 138 is amended by
  striking out the item relating to section 2349.
  (4) Section 2350a(g) is amended by striking out that portion of paragraph
  (4) preceding clause (A) and inserting in lieu thereof the following:
  `(4) The Secretary of Defense shall submit to Congress each year, not
  later than March 1, a report containing information on--'.
  (5) The table of sections at the beginning of chapter 139 is amended by
  striking out the items relating to sections 2357 and 2359.
  (6) The table of sections at the beginning of chapter 145 is amended by
  striking out the item relating to section 2455.
  (7) The table of sections at the beginning of chapter 161 is amended
  by striking out the item relating to section 2721 and inserting in lieu
  thereof the following:
`2721. Basis.'.
  (8) The table of sections at the beginning of chapter 631 is amended by
  striking out the item relating to section 7217.
  (9) The table of sections at the beginning of chapter 641 is amended by
  striking out the item relating to section 7434.
TITLE XIV--GUARD AND RESERVE INITIATIVE
Part A--Utilization of Reserve Components
SEC. 1401. SENSE OF THE CONGRESS ON GREATER UTILIZATION OF THE RESERVE
COMPONENTS OF THE ARMED FORCES
  (a) FINDINGS- Congress makes the following findings:
  (1) The reserve components of the Armed Forces are an essential element
  of the national security establishment of the United States.
  (2) The overall reduction in the threat and the likelihood of continued
  fiscal constraints require the United States to increase utilization of
  the reserve components of the Armed Forces.
  (3) The Department of Defense has not adequately implemented the Total
  Force Policy since its inception in 1973.
  (4) The Department of Defense should shift a greater share of force structure
  and budgetary resources to the reserve components of the Armed Forces.
  (5) Expanding the reserve components is the most effective way to retain
  quality personnel as the force structure of the active components is
  reduced over the next five years.
  (6) The United States should recommit itself to the concept of the citizen
  soldier as a cornerstone of national defense policy for the future.
  (7) The President and the Secretary of Defense should take note of and
  be willing to exercise existing reserve call-up authority for the purpose
  of using reserve component forces to perform operational missions without
  the necessity for declaring a national emergency.
  (b) CONGRESSIONAL DECLARATION- In view of the findings expressed in
  subsection (a), Congress declares that--
  (1) the structure and strength of the current reserve components should
  be preserved;
  (2) the equipment levels in existing reserve component units should be
  increased to match their active duty counterparts;
  (3) selected missions of the active components of the Armed Forces should
  be increasingly transferred to the reserve components;
  (4) the equipment available to the units of the reserve components should
  be modernized; and
  (5) the integration of active component and reserve component units should
  be promoted as a means of achieving the Total Force Policy of the Department
  of Defense.
Part B--Force Structure
SEC. 1411. PRESERVATION OF FORCE STRUCTURE IN THE RESERVE COMPONENTS
  (a) IN GENERAL- The Secretary of Defense shall ensure that the force
  structure of the Selected Reserve of the reserve components of the Armed
  Forces during fiscal year 1991 is equivalent to the force structure of
  those components on January 1, 1990.
  (b) AUTHORITY TO CHANGE FORCE STRUCTURE- The Secretary may make changes
  in the force structure of the Selected Reserve of the reserve components
  only to the extent that the Secretary determines that such changes enhance
  the capability of reserve units in the interests of national security.
SEC. 1412. AIR NATIONAL GUARD AND AIR FORCE RESERVE AIRCRAFT
  (a) TRANSFER OF AIRCRAFT TO RESERVE COMPONENT- The Secretary of the Air
  Force, by the transfer of aircraft from regular component squadrons to
  reserve component squadrons, shall ensure that on September 30, 1994--
  (1) the average number of aircraft assigned to a tanker aircraft squadron
  in the Air National Guard of the United States or the Air Force Reserve
  is equal to the average number of aircraft assigned to a tanker aircraft
  squadron in the regular component of the Air Force;
  (2) the average number of aircraft assigned to a fighter aircraft squadron
  in the Air National Guard of the United States or the Air Force Reserve
  is equal to the average number of aircraft assigned to a fighter aircraft
  squadron in the regular component of the Air Force; and
  (3) the average number of aircraft assigned to an airlift aircraft squadron
  in the Air National Guard of the United States or the Air Force Reserve
  is equal to the average number of aircraft assigned to an airlift aircraft
  squadron in the regular component of the Air Force.
  (b) WAIVER AUTHORITY- (1) The Secretary of Defense may temporarily waive
  the requirement in subsection (a) with respect to a specific reserve
  component squadron if the Secretary determines that the squadron cannot
  operate the aircraft required to be transferred and that the transfer
  would be prejudicial to the national security of the United States.
  (2) Temporary waivers under paragraph (1) shall be made on a case-by-case
  basis. Such a waiver shall be for a period not to exceed one year, but
  may be renewed for an additional period of one year under the conditions
  specified in paragraph (1).
SEC. 1413. P-3 AIRCRAFT
  (a) TRANSFER OF AIRCRAFT TO RESERVE COMPONENTS- (1) The Secretary of
  the Navy, by the transfer of aircraft from regular component squadrons
  to reserve component squadrons, shall ensure that on September 30, 1996,
  the average number of aircraft assigned to a P-3 aircraft squadron in the
  Naval Reserve is equal to the average number of aircraft assigned to a
  P-3 aircraft squadron in the regular Navy.
  (2) The Secretary shall transfer no fewer than 80 P-3C aircraft pursuant
  to subsection (a).
  (b) WAIVER AUTHORITY- (1) The Secretary of Defense, may temporarily waive
  the requirements in subsection (a) with respect to a specific reserve
  component squadron if the Secretary determines that--
  (A) the submarine threat presented by the Soviet Union has increased; and
  (B) the P-3B aircraft would be able to track and attack effectively the
  submarines that comprise the increase in the threat.
  (2) Temporary waivers under paragraph (1) shall be made on a case-by-case
  basis.  Such a waiver shall be for a period not to exceed one year, but
  may be renewed for an additional period of one year under the conditions
  specified in paragraph (1).
  (c) PROHIBITION ON USE OF FUNDS- Funds appropriated or otherwise made
  available for operation and maintenance for the Navy for any fiscal year
  beginning on or after September 30, 1996, may not be used to operate or
  maintain P-3B aircraft.
SEC. 1414. TACTICAL AIRLIFT MISSION
  (a) IN GENERAL- Not later than September 30, 1992, the Secretary of Defense
  shall assign the tactical airlift mission of the Department of Defense to
  the Air Force Reserve and the Air National Guard of the United States.
  (b) REQUIREMENT FOR TRANSFER PLAN- The Secretary of the Air Force shall
  develop a plan for the transfer of all tactical airlift transport aircraft
  to the Air Force Reserve and the Air National Guard of the United States at
  the earliest practical date and shall complete the transfer in accordance
  with such plan not later than September 30, 1992.
  (c) DEADLINE FOR SUBMISSION OF PLAN- The Secretary of the Air Force shall
  submit to the congressional defense committees a copy of the plan referred
  to in subsection (b) not later than June 1, 1991.
SEC. 1415. REPLACEMENT OF OV-1 AND OV-10 AIRCRAFT WITH A-10 AIRCRAFT
  (a) PROHIBITION ON USE OF FUNDS- (1) Funds appropriated or otherwise made
  available to the Army for any fiscal year beginning after September 30,
  1996, may not be used to operate or maintain OV-1 aircraft.
  (2) Funds appropriated or otherwise made available to the Marine Corps after
  September 30, 1996, may not be used to operate or maintain OV-10 aircraft.
  (b) RETIREMENT OF OV-1 AND OV-10 AIRCRAFT- (1) Not later than September 30,
  1991, the Secretary of the Army shall retire not less than 20 percent of
  the OV-1 aircraft in the inventory of the Army on October 1, 1990.
  (2) The Secretary of the Army and the Secretary of the Navy shall take
  such action as necessary to retire, by not later than September 30, 1996,
  all OV-1 and OV-10 aircraft in the inventory of the Army and Marine Corps,
  respectively. The Secretary of the military department concerned shall notify
  the Secretary of the Air Force at the time each such aircraft is retired, and
  the Secretary of the Air Force shall, upon such notification, transfer one
  A-10 aircraft and all required support equipment to such military department.
  (c) TRAINING AND SUPPORT- Chapter 901 of title 10, United States Code,
  is amended by adding at the end the following new section:
` 9316. Training and support for A-10 aircraft
  `The Secretary of the Air Force shall provide each military department
  with flight training, fleet support, and depot maintenance with respect
  to all A-10 aircraft assigned to each such department.'.
  (d) TECHNICAL AMENDMENT- The table of sections at the beginning of such
  chapter is amended by adding at the end the following new item:
`9316. Training and support for A-10 aircraft.'.
Part C--Military Personnel
SEC. 1421. FINDINGS AND SENSE OF CONGRESS REGARDING THE IMPORTANCE OF THE
READY RESERVE
  (a) FINDINGS- The Congress finds that--
  (1) as a result of the recent dramatic changes in Eastern Europe and the
  Soviet Union, the active military forces of the United States will be
  significantly reduced; and
  (2) as a consequence of that reduction it will be necessary to rely
  increasingly, in the event of a threat to the national security, on the
  immediate availability of trained personnel of the Ready Reserve of the
  reserve components of the Armed Forces.
  (b) SENSE OF CONGRESS- In light of the finding in subsection (a), it is
  the sense of Congress that--
  (1) the Secretary of Defense should take appropriate action to ensure that
  members of the Ready Reserve are made fully aware of their continuing
  obligation for immediate service in the active military forces in the
  event of a war or national emergency;
  (2) the Secretary should utilize the annual muster provided for under
  section 687 of title 10, United States Code, as a means of alerting such
  personnel to that obligation; and
  (3) the Secretary should insure that adequate funds are made available,
  out of funds appropriated for the reserve components, to carry out the
  annual muster of such personnel.
SEC. 1422. READY RESERVE OBLIGATION OF PERSONS WHO RECEIVE TRANSITION
ASSISTANCE
  (a) IN GENERAL- As a condition of eligibility to receiving benefits under
  section 1174 of title 10, United States Code (as amended by section 641
  of this Act), section 1105 of such title (as added by section 642 of this
  Act), section 1420 of title 38, United States Code (as added by section
  643 of this Act), or section 644 of this Act, a person otherwise eligible
  for those benefits shall be required to enter into a written agreement
  with the Secretary concerned to serve in the Ready Reserve of a reserve
  component of the Armed Forces for a period of three years following the
  person's discharge or release from active duty. If the person has a service
  obligation under section 651 of title 10, United States Code, or under
  any other provision of law that is not completed at the time the person is
  discharged or released from active duty, the three-year obligation under this
  section shall begin on the day after the date on which the person completes
  the person's obligation under such section or other provision of law.
  (b) TRANSFER TO A RESERVE COMPONENT- Each person who enters into an
  agreement referred to in subsection (a), who is not already a Reserve of
  an armed force, and who is qualified shall, upon such person's discharge
  or release from active duty, be enlisted or appointed, as appropriate,
  as a Reserve and be transferred to a reserve component of an armed force.
  (c) REGULATIONS- The Secretary concerned shall prescribe regulations to
  carry out this section.
  (d) DEFINITION- As used in this section, the term `Secretary concerned'
  means--
  (1) the Secretary of the Army, with respect to matters concerning the Army;
  (2) the Secretary of the Navy, with respect to matters concerning the Navy
  and the Marine Corps; and
  (3) the Secretary of the Air Force, with respect to matters concerning
  the Air Force.
SEC. 1423. REPORT REGARDING REQUIREMENT FOR DUTY IN SUPPORT OF NATIONAL
GUARD AND RESERVES
  Not later than April 15, 1991, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the
  Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of Representatives
  a report on the desirability of requiring active-duty list officers to
  serve a minimum of two years in support of a National Guard or Reserve
  unit as a condition of eligibility for consideration for promotion to the
  grade of colonel or, in the case of the Navy, captain.
SEC. 1424. PROHIBITION ON CERTAIN RESERVE SERVICE
  On and after September 30, 1991, no member of a reserve component serving
  on full-time active duty for the purpose of organizing, administering,
  recruiting, instructing, or training the reserve components of the Armed
  Forces may be assigned to duty with any unit of the Reserve Officer Training
  Corps program.
SEC. 1425. EXTENSION OF SPECIAL PAY FOR CRITICALLY SHORT WARTIME HEALTH
SPECIALISTS IN THE SELECTED RESERVE
  Section 613(d) of the National Defense Authorization Act, Fiscal Year 1989
  (Public Law 100-456; 37 U.S.C. 302 note), is amended by striking out `1990'
  and inserting in lieu thereof `1993'.
SEC. 1426. SPECIAL PAY FOR RESERVE MEDICAL OFFICERS
  (a) IN GENERAL- Section 302(h) of title 37, United States Code, is amended--
  (1) in paragraph (1), by striking out `paragraph (2)' and inserting in
  lieu thereof `paragraph (3)';
  (2) in paragraph (2), by striking out `paragraph (1)' and inserting in
  lieu thereof `paragraphs (1) and (2)';
  (3) by redesignating paragraph (2) (as so amended) as paragraph (3); and
  (4) by inserting after paragraph (1) the following new paragraph (2):
  `(2) Under regulations prescribed by the President and to the extent
  provided for by appropriations, when a member of a reserve component
  of a uniformed service, or of the National Guard, who is entitled to
  compensation under section 206 of this title and is a reserve medical
  officer, the member is entitled to an increase in compensation equal
  to  1/30  of the monthly special pay authorized in paragraph (1) for the
  performance of that duty. Such member is entitled to the increase for as
  long as he is qualified for it, for each regular period of instruction, or
  period of appropriate duty, at which he is engaged for at least two hours,
  including that performed on a Sunday or holiday, or for the performance of
  such other equivalent training, instruction, duty or appropriate duties,
  as the Secretary may prescribe under section 206(a) of this title. This
  paragraph does not apply to a member who is entitled to basic pay under
  section 204 of this title.'.
  (b) EFFECTIVE DATE- The amendments made by subsection (a) shall take
  effect on the first day of the fourth calendar month which begins after
  the month in which this Act is enacted and shall apply only with respect
  to duty performed on or after that day.
SEC. 1427. COMMISSARY PRIVILEGES FOR CERTAIN RETIRED RESERVES
  (a) IN GENERAL- (1) Chapter 54 of title 10, United States Code, is amended
  by adding at the end the following new sections:
`Sec. 1064. Use of commissary stores by certain Reserves
  `Under regulations prescribed by the Secretary of Defense, a member of an
  armed force who would be eligible for retired pay under chapter 67 of this
  title but for the fact that the member is under 60 years of age shall be
  authorized to use commissary stores of the Department of Defense for 12
  days each calendar year.
`Sec. 1065. Use of certain morale, welfare, and recreation facilities by
members of reserve components
  `(a) UNRESTRICTED USE- Members of the Selected Reserve in good standing
  (as determined by the Secretary concerned) and members of an armed force who
  would be eligible for retired pay under chapter 67 of this title but for the
  fact that the person is under 60 years of age, and the dependents of such
  members and persons, shall be permitted to use, on the same basis as members
  on active duty, the exchange stores and other revenue generating facilities
  operated by nonappropriated fund activities of the Department of Defense
  for the morale, welfare, and recreation of members of the Armed Forces.
  `(b) CONDITIONAL USE- Subject to such regulations as the Secretary of
  Defense determines necessary and appropriate, members of the Ready Reserve
  other than members of the Selected Reserve may be permitted to use the
  facilities referred to in subsection (a) on the same basis as members
  serving on active duty.'.
  (2) The table of sections at the beginning of such chapter is amended by
  adding at the end the following new items:
`1064. Use of commissary stores by certain Reserves.
`1065. Use of certain morale, welfare, and recreation facilities by member
of reserve components.'.
  (b) EFFECTIVE DATE AND DEADLINE FOR REGULATIONS- (1) The amendments made by
  subsection (a) shall take effect 180 days after the date of the enactment
  of this Act.
  (2) The Secretary of Defense shall prescribe such regulations as may be
  necessary for the proper administration of sections 1064 and 1065 of title
  10, United States Code, as added by subsection (a), not later than 120
  days after the date of the enactment of this Act.
Part D--Procurement
SEC. 1431. PROCUREMENT FOR THE RESERVE COMPONENTS
  (a) AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS- Funds are hereby authorized to be
  appropriated for fiscal year 1991 for procurement of aircraft, vehicles,
  communications equipment, and other equipment for the reserve components
  of the Armed Forces as follows:
  (1) For the Army National Guard, $879,961,000.
  (2) For the Air National Guard, $537,700,000.
  (3) For the Army Reserve, $153,800,000.
  (4) For the Navy Reserve, $400,900,000.
  (5) For the Air Force Reserve, $105,600,000.
  (6) For the Marine Corps Reserve, $114,000,000.
  (b) CLARIFICATION OF AUTHORIZATION- Funds authorized to be appropriated
  pursuant to subsection (a) are in addition to the funds authorized to be
  appropriated pursuant to section 106.
SEC. 1432. PROVISION OF CH-47 AIRCRAFT FOR THE ARMY NATIONAL GUARD
  (a) TRANSFER OF AIRCRAFT TO AIR NATIONAL GUARD- Of the modified CH-47
  aircraft procured with funds appropriated or otherwise made available in
  fiscal year 1991, the Secretary of the Army shall distribute not less
  than 24 such aircraft to the Army National Guard of the United States,
  as provided in subsection (b).
  (b) PLAN REQUIRED- (1) The Secretary of the Army shall develop a plan
  to retire--
  (A) not less than 24 CH-54 aircraft assigned to the Army National Guard
  of the United States not later than September 30, 1992; and
  (B) all remaining CH-54 aircraft assigned to the Army National Guard of
  the United States not later than September 30, 1993.
  (2) For each CH-54 aircraft assigned to the Army National Guard of the
  United States that is retired by the Secretary of the Army on or after the
  date of enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall transfer one of the
  CH-47 aircraft referred to in subsection (a) to the Army National Guard
  of the United States.
SEC. 1433. MH-53 MINESWEEPER HELICOPTER
  Of the amounts authorized to be appropriated pursuant to section 1431(a)(4)
  for aircraft for the Navy Reserve, $281,900,000 shall be available for
  procurement of MH-53 minesweeper helicopters for the Navy Reserve.
SEC. 1434. AH-1W HELICOPTERS
  (a) FISCAL YEAR 1990 FUNDS- Of the amounts appropriated for National Guard
  and Reserve equipment for fiscal year 1990, $58,600,000 is available for
  procurement of six AH-1W helicopters for the Marine Corps Reserve.
  (b) FISCAL YEAR 1991 FUNDS- Of the amounts authorized to be appropriated
  pursuant to section 1431(a)(6) for the Marine Corps Reserve, $79,000,000
  shall be available for procurement of eight AH-1W helicopters for the
  Marine Corps Reserve.
Part E--Miscellaneous
SEC. 1441. EXPRESSING THE SENSE OF THE SENATE CONCERNING UNITED STATES
ARMORED FORCES
  (a)(1) Since dramatic changes have occurred in the military situation
  in Europe;
  (2) Since the Warsaw Pact is no longer a credible military threat to NATO;
  (3) Since it appears that the heavy armored armies of both NATO and the
  Warsaw Pact will be substantially reduced by arms control agreements or
  unilateral actions;
  (4) Since the need for armor forces has not disappeared and many countries
  in the world possess large inventories of modern tanks;
  (5) Since the Soviet Union will still produce fourteen hundred new tanks
  in 1990;
  (6) Since with significantly increased warning times of enemy attack,
  greater reliance will be placed on United States Reserve Component Forces
  for armored heavy force reinforcement missions;
  (7) Since there is a need to enhance the capabilities of Reserve Component
  Armored Forces to assume increased responsibilities for armored heavy
  force reinforcement missions;
  (b) It is the sense of the Senate that--
  (1) the United States Army should take timely and necessary steps to
  enhance the capabilities of Reserve Component Armored Forces;
  (2) the United States Army Armor Center will remain the center for
  training, education, doctrine and combat development for United States
  Armored Forces--for both active and reserve components; and
  (3) the United States Army Armor Center should ensure that reserve component
  armored forces are adequately prepared for the increased reliance that
  will be placed on their greater role in armored heavy force reinforcement
  missions.
SEC. 1442. COMMENDATION OF THE WORK OF THE NATIONAL GUARD AND RESERVES
  (a) The Senate finds that--
  (1) the birth of this Nation, the citizen-soldier of the United States
  has protected their fellow citizens from tyranny, invasion, violence,
  and natural disasters;
  (2) the revolution that threw off our yoke of colonialism, to assisting
  the Panamanians in their struggle over tyranny, the citizen-soldiers of
  the national guard and reserves, have fought in the defense of freedom;
  (3) as the resolve and sacrifice of our national guard and reserves over
  the last forty-five years gave them a lead role in our Nation's winning
  the cold war;
  (4) as we enter the final decade of this century with our Nation facing new
  and varied threats to peace, it is imperative that our guard and reserve
  be prepared to respond in a changing world;
  (5) as the national guard and reserves make up a large part of our Nation's
  combat and support units, their mobilization and training will remain
  vital to our national security;
  (6) as the outstanding Americans who serve in the national guard and
  reserves have maintained their level of excellence through their hard work
  and dedication to duty, our citizen soldiers have proved our Nation can
  continue to rely on them in any national emergency; and
  (7) the qualities that have given the national guard and reserves its
  venerable history, are still present today.
  (b) Therefore, the United States Senate acknowledge the valuable contribution
  that the men and women of our national guard and reserves have made to our
  Nation's security, and to continue to support their role as the foundation
  of our national defense in a changing world.
TITLE XV--COUNTER-NARCOTICS TECHNOLOGY CENTER
SEC. 1501. SHORT TITLE
  This title may be cited as the `Counter-Narcotics Technology Act of 1990'.
SEC. 1502. COUNTER-NARCOTICS TECHNOLOGY ASSESSMENT CENTER
  (a) ESTABLISHMENT- Title I of the Anti-Drug Abuse Act of 1988 (21
  U.S.C. 1501 et seq.) is amended by inserting after section 1003 the
  following new section:
`SEC. 1003a. COUNTER-NARCOTICS TECHNOLOGY ASSESSMENT CENTER
  `(a) ESTABLISHMENT- There is established within the Office of National
  Drug Control Policy, the Counter-Narcotics Technology Assessment Center
  (hereafter in this section referred to as the `Center'). The Center shall
  operate under the authority of the Director of National Drug Control Policy,
  and shall serve as the central counter-narcotics enforcement research and
  development organization of the United States Government.
  `(b) DIRECTOR- There shall be at the head of the Center, the Chief Scientist
  of Counter-Narcotics Technology who shall be appointed by the Director of
  National Drug Control Policy from individuals qualified and distinguished in
  areas of science, engineering or technology. The Chief Scientist shall be
  paid at the highest rate of basic pay set under the provisions of section
  5382(b) of title 5, United States Code.
  `(c) ADDITIONAL RESPONSIBILITIES OF THE DIRECTOR- (1) The Director, acting
  through the Chief Scientist, shall--
  `(A) identify and define the short, medium, and long-term scientific and
  technological needs of Federal, State, and local drug enforcement agencies,
  including--
  `(i) advanced surveillance, tracking, and radar imaging;
  `(ii) electronic support measures;
  `(iii) communications;
  `(iv) data fusion, advanced computer systems and artificial intelligence; and
  `(v) chemical, biological, radiological (including neutron, electron and
  gravitron) and other means of detection;
  `(B) make a priority ranking of such needs according to fiscal and
  technological feasibility, as part of a National Counter-Narcotics
  Enforcement Research and Development Strategy;
  `(C) oversee and coordinate counter-narcotics technology initiatives with
  related activities of other Federal civilian and military departments; and
  `(D) under the general authority of the Director of National Drug Control
  Policy, submit reprogramming or transfer requests of funds appropriated
  for counter-narcotics enforcement research and development to Congress.
  `(2) The authority granted to the Director under this section shall not
  extend to the award of contracts, management of individual projects,
  or other operational activities.
  `(d) COUNTER-NARCOTICS BUDGET SUBMISSION- Beginning with the fiscal year
  1992 budget, the Director of National Drug Control Policy in his budget
  shall submit a separate and detailed request relating to all Federal
  agencies for counter-narcotics enforcement research and development programs.
  `(e) PERSONNEL- Subject to subsections (d) and (e) of section 1003
  of this Act, the Chief Scientist shall select and appoint a staff of
  not more than 10 employees with specialized experience in scientific,
  engineering and technical affairs. The Chief Scientist may appoint and
  fix the compensation of such personnel without regard to the provisions
  of title 5, United States Code, governing appointments in the competitive
  service, and such personnel may be paid without regard to the provisions
  of chapter 51 and subchapter III of chapter 53 of such title relating to
  classification and General Schedule pay rates, but at a rate not to exceed
  the maximum rate authorized by the General Schedule.'.
SEC. 1503. EFFORTS BY PRIVATE INDUSTRY
  It is the sense of Congress that providers of electronic communications
  services and manufacturers of electronic communications equipment should
  cooperate with law enforcement agencies to ensure that communications systems
  permit law enforcement agencies to obtain the plain text contents of voice,
  data, and other communications when appropriately authorized by law.
DIVISION B--MILITARY CONSTRUCTION AUTHORIZATIONS
TITLE XXI--ARMY
SEC. 2101. AUTHORIZED ARMY CONSTRUCTION AND LAND ACQUISITION PROJECTS
  (a) INSIDE THE UNITED STATES- The Secretary of the Army may acquire real
  property and may carry out military construction projects in the amounts
  shown for each of the following installations and locations inside the
  United States:
ALABAMA
  Anniston Army Depot, $93,100,000.
  Redstone Arsenal, $14,400,000.
  Fort Rucker, $3,400,000.
ALASKA
  Fort Wainwright, $13,900,000.
ARIZONA
  Fort Huachuca, $1,050,000.
ARKANSAS
  Pine Bluff Arsenal, $1,600,000.
CALIFORNIA
  Fort Irwin, $4,200,000.
COLORADO
  Fort Carson, $23,500,000.
  Falcon Air Force Base, $1,450,000.
GEORGIA
  Fort Benning, $10,880,000.
  Fort Gordon, $10,600,000.
  Fort Stewart, $1,650,000.
HAWAII
  Schofield Barracks, $9,700,000.
INDIANA
  Fort Benjamin Harrison, $6,170,000.
KANSAS
  Fort Leavenworth, $34,000,000.
  Fort Riley, $14,900,000.
KENTUCKY
  Fort Campbell, $2,300,000.
  Fort Knox, $25,400,000.
LOUISIANA
  Fort Polk, $22,000,000.
MARYLAND
  Aberdeen Proving Ground, $45,100,000.
  Fort Detrick, $530,000.
MISSOURI
  Fort Leonard Wood, $9,700,000.
NEW YORK
  Fort Drum, $9,408,000.
NORTH CAROLINA
  Fort Bragg, $54,400,000.
OKLAHOMA
  Fort Sill, $25,150,000.
PENNSYLVANIA
  Carlisle Barracks, $26,200,000.
  Fort Indiantown Gap, $6,350,000.
  Tobyhanna Army Depot, $6,800,000.
SOUTH CAROLINA
  Fort Jackson, $1,600,000.
TEXAS
  Fort Hood, $43,269,000.
  Fort Sam Houston, $33,700,000.
UTAH
  Dugway Proving Ground, $450,000.
  Tooele Army Depot, $11,800,000.
VIRGINIA
  Fort A. P. Hill, $3,200,000.
  Fort Belvoir, $2,500,000.
  Fort Eustis, $530,000.
  Fort Lee, $520,000.
  Fort Myer, $2,150,000.
  Fort Story, $1,600,000.
WASHINGTON
  Fort Lewis, $18,000,000.
WISCONSIN
  Fort McCoy, $24,400,000.
CONUS CLASSIFIED
  Classified Location, $3,000,000.
  (b) OUTSIDE THE UNITED STATES- The Secretary of the Army may acquire real
  property and may carry out military construction projects in the amounts
  shown for each of the following installations and locations outside the
  United States:
GERMANY
  Grafenwoehr, $1,630,000.
  Kaiserslautern, $5,000,000.
  Various, $6,553,000.
KOREA
  K-16 Airfield, $1,500,000.
SEC. 2102. FAMILY HOUSING
  (a) CONSTRUCTION AND ACQUISITION- The Secretary of the Army may construct
  or acquire family housing units (including land acquisition), using
  amounts appropriated pursuant to section 2104(a)(7)(A), at the following
  installation, in the number of units shown, and in the amount shown:
  Hawaii, Oahu Various, one hundred thirty-eight units, $15,000,000.
  (b) PLANNING AND DESIGN- The Secretary of the Army may, using amounts
  appropriated pursuant to section 2104(a)(7)(A), carry out architectural
  and engineering services and construction design activities with respect
  to the construction or improvement of family housing units in an amount
  not to exceed $2,700,000.
SEC. 2103. IMPROVEMENTS TO MILITARY FAMILY HOUSING UNITS
  Subject to section 2825 of title 10, United States Code, the Secretary of
  the Army may, using amounts appropriated pursuant to section 2104(a)(7)(A),
  improve existing military family housing in an amount not to exceed
  $44,100,000.
SEC. 2104. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS, ARMY
  (a) IN GENERAL- Funds are hereby authorized to be appropriated for fiscal
  years beginning after September 30, 1990, for military construction, land
  acquisition, and military family housing functions of the Department of
  the Army in the total amount of $2,280,270,000 as follows:
  (1) For military construction projects inside the United States authorized
  by section 2101(a), $555,557,000: Provided, That the expenditure of the
  construction funds for a school at Fort Wainwright, Alaska are hereby
  restricted contingent upon agreement from the local education agency to
  accept ownership for said facility constructed with said funds.
  (2) For military construction projects outside the United States authorized
  by section 2101(b), $14,683,000.
  (3) For the construction of the Ammunition Demilitarization Facility,
  Phase II, Tooele Army Depot, Utah, as authorized by section 2101(a) of
  the Military Construction Authorization Act, 1989 (division B of Public
  Law 100-456; 102 Stat. 2088), $40,400,000.
  (4) For unspecified minor construction projects authorized under section
  2805 of title 10, United States Code, $7,603,000.
  (5) For architectural and engineering services and construction design
  under section 2807 of title 10, United States Code, $89,577,000.
  (6) For advances to the Secretary of Transportation for construction of
  defense access roads under section 210 of title 23, United States Code,
  $10,400,000.
  (7) For military family housing functions--
  (A) for construction and acquisition of military family housing and
  facilities, $74,300,000.
  (B) for support of military family housing (including the functions described
  in section 2833 of title 10, United States Code), $1,482,650,000, of which
  not more than $434,316,000 may be obligated or expended for the leasing
  of military family housing worldwide.
  (8) For the Homeowners Assistance Program as authorized by section 2832 of
  title 10, United States Code, $5,100,000, to remain in effect until expended.
  (b) LIMITATION ON TOTAL COST OF CONSTRUCTION PROJECTS- Notwithstanding
  the cost variations authorized by section 2853 of title 10, United States
  Code, and any other cost variation authorized by law, the total cost of
  all projects carried out under section 2101 of this Act may not exceed--
  (1) the total amount authorized to be appropriated under paragraphs (1)
  and (2) of subsection (a); and
  (2) $69,000,000 (the balance of the amount authorized under section 2101(a)
  for the construction of the Ammunition Demilitarization Facility, Anniston
  Army Depot, Alabama).
SEC. 2105. AMMUNITION DEMILITARIZATION FACILITY, TOOELE ARMY DEPOT, UTAH
  (a) PROJECT AMOUNT- Section 2101(a) of the Military Construction
  Authorization Act, 1989 (division B of Public Law 100-456; 102 Stat. 2088),
  is amended in the items listed under the heading `Utah', by striking out
  `Tooele Army Depot, $92,300,000.' and inserting in lieu thereof `Tooele
  Army Depot, $132,700,000.'.
  (b) TITLE TOTAL- Section 2105(b) of such Act (Public Law 100-456; 102
  Stat. 2091) is amended--
  (1) by striking out `and' at the end of paragraph (1);
  (2) by striking out the period at the end of paragraph (2) and inserting
  in lieu thereof `; and'; and
  (3) by inserting after paragraph (2) the following new paragraph:
  `(3) $40,400,000 (the balance of the amount authorized under section 2101(a)
  for the construction of the Ammunition Demilitarization Facility, Tooele
  Army Depot, Utah).'.
SEC. 2106. EXTENSION OF CERTAIN PRIOR YEAR AUTHORIZATIONS
  (a) EXTENSION OF AUTHORIZATION OF CERTAIN FISCAL YEAR 1986 PROJECT-
  Notwithstanding the provisions of section 606(a) of the Military Construction
  Authorization Act, 1986 (Public Law 99-167, 99 Stat. 981), authorizations for
  the following project authorized in section 102 of that Act, as extended by
  section 2105(b) of the Military Construction Authorization Act, 1988 and
  1989 (division B of Public Law 100-180; 101 Stat. 1185), section 2106(b)
  of the Military Construction Authorization Act, 1989 (division B of Public
  Law 100-456; 101 Stat. 2092), and section 2105(b) of the National Defense
  Authorization Act for Fiscal Years 1990 and 1991 (division B of Public
  Law 101-189; 103 Stat. 1619), shall remain in effect until October 1,
  1991, or the date of enactment of an Act authorizing funds for military
  construction for fiscal year 1992, whichever is later:
  Family housing, new construction, six units, in the amount of $596,000 at
  Fort Myer, Virginia.
  (b) EXTENSION OF AUTHORIZATION OF CERTAIN FISCAL YEAR 1988 PROJECT-
  Notwithstanding the provisions of section 2171(a) of the Military
  Construction Authorization Act, 1988 and 1989 (division B of Public
  Law 100-180, 101 Stat. 1206), authorizations for the following project
  authorized in section 2102 of that Act, as extended by section 2105(d)
  of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Years 1990 and 1991
  (division B of Public Law 101-189; 103 Stat. 1619) shall remain in effect
  until October 1, 1991, or the date of enactment of an Act authorizing
  funds for military construction for fiscal year 1992, whichever is later:
  Family housing, new construction, twenty-five units, in the amount of
  $2,200,000 at Fort A.P. Hill, Virginia.
  (c) EXTENSION OF AUTHORIZATION OF CERTAIN FISCAL YEAR 1989 PROJECTS-
  Notwithstanding the provisions of section 2701(a) of the Military
  Construction Authorization Act, 1989 (Public Law 100-456, 102 Stat. 2115),
  authorizations for the following projects authorized in sections 2101
  and 2102 of that Act shall remain in effect until October 1, 1991, or the
  date of enactment of an Act authorizing funds for military construction
  for fiscal year 1992, whichever is later:
  (1) Land acquisition in the amount of $410,000 at Fort Rucker, Alabama.
  (2) Battalion Headquarters in the amount of $2,300,000 at Fort Wainwright,
  Alaska.
  (3) Test and Evaluation Center in the amount of $5,400,000 at Fort Huachuca,
  Arizona.
  (4) Chemical area security upgrade in the amount of $3,050,000 at Pine
  Bluff Arsenal, Arkansas.
  (5) Chemical area security upgrade in the amount of $3,200,000 at Pueblo
  Depot Activity, Colorado.
  (6) Chemical area security upgrade in the amount of $770,000 at
  Lexington-Blue Grass Depot Activity, Kentucky.
  (7) Regional sewage system connection in the amount of $2,500,000 at United
  States Military Academy, New York.
  (8) Chemical area security upgrade in the amount of $3,600,000 at Umatilla
  Depot Activity, Oregon.
  (9) Industrial waste treatment plant in the amount of $1,900,000 at
  Letterkenny Army Depot, Pennsylvania.
  (10) Chemical area security upgrade in the amount of $5,700,000 at Tooele
  Army Depot, Utah.
  (11) Central wash facility in the amount of $4,000,000 at Fort Pickett,
  Virginia.
  (12) Petroleum Field Training Center in the amount of $4,800,000 at Fort
  Lee, Virginia.
  (13) Operations facility in the amount of $5,300,000 at Location 276
  (Turkey).
  (14) Intermediate staging facility in the amount of $11,300,000 at
  unspecified foreign location.
  (15) Pre-positioned war material facilities in the amount of $4,450,000
  at unspecified foreign locations.
  (16) Family housing, new construction, one hundred and eight units, in
  the amount of $9,100,000 at Fort Bliss, Texas.
TITLE XXII--NAVY
SEC. 2201. AUTHORIZED NAVY CONSTRUCTION AND LAND ACQUISITION PROJECTS
  (a) INSIDE THE UNITED STATES- The Secretary of the Navy may acquire real
  property and may carry out military construction projects in the amounts
  shown for each of the following installations and locations inside the
  United States:
ALASKA
  Adak, Naval Air Station, $4,250,000.
  Adak, Naval Security Group Activity, $3,000,000.
  Amchitka, Fleet Surveillance Support Command, $31,000,000.
ARIZONA
  Yuma, Marine Corps Air Station, $3,720,000.
CALIFORNIA
  Bridgeport, Mountain Warfare Training Center, $11,300,000.
  Camp Pendleton, Amphibious Task Force, $8,470,000.
  Camp Pendleton, Marine Corps Air Station, $4,110,000.
  Camp Pendleton, Marine Corps Base, $19,910,000.
  China Lake, Naval Weapons Center, $17,585,000.
  Concord, Naval Weapons Station, $9,850,000.
  Corona, Naval Weapons Station, Seal Beach Annex, $8,870,000.
  El Toro, Marine Corps Air Station, $6,980,000.
  Lemoore, Naval Air Station, $900,000.
  Long Beach, Naval Station, $3,520,000.
  Miramar, Naval Air Station, $5,460,000.
  Monterey, Naval Postgraduate School, $8,810,000.
  North Island, Naval Air Station, $1,510,000.
  Point Mugu, Pacific Missile Test Center, $2,070,000.
  Port Hueneme, Naval Construction Battalion Center, $2,010,000.
  Port Hueneme, Naval Ship Weapon Systems Engineering Station, $10,150,000.
  San Diego, Fleet Anti-Submarine Warfare Training Center, Pacific, $8,950,000.
  San Diego, Naval Ocean Systems Center, $11,760,000.
  San Diego, Naval Submarine Base, $540,000.
  San Diego, Naval Supply Center, $8,800,000.
  San Diego, Naval Training Center, $15,229,000.
  San Diego, Navy Public Works Center, $3,320,000.
  Skaggs Island, Naval Security Group Activity, $1,472,000.
  Twentynine Palms, Marine Corps Air-Ground Combat Center, $10,820,000.
CONNECTICUT
  New London, Naval Submarine Base, $22,500,000.
  New London, Naval Submarine School, $18,990,000.
DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA
  Washington, Naval Research Laboratory, $9,850,000.
FLORIDA
  Jacksonville, Naval Air Station, $9,140,000.
  Jacksonville, Naval Aviation Depot, $14,670,000.
  Key West, Naval Air Station, $7,030,000.
  Mayport, Fleet Training Center, $4,300,000.
  Mayport, Naval Station, $4,950,000.
  Orlando, Naval Training Center, $10,960,000.
  Panama City, Naval Coastal Systems Center, $4,330,000.
  Pensacola, Navy Public Works Center, $3,460,000.
GEORGIA
  Albany, Marine Corps Logistics Base, $1,360,000.
  Kings Bay, Naval Submarine Base, $76,953,000.
HAWAII
  Kaneohe Bay, Marine Corps Air Station, $1,650,000.
  Lualualei, Naval Magazine, $1,660,000.
  Pearl Harbor, Commander Oceanographic System Pacific, $12,780,000.
  Pearl Harbor, Naval Submarine Base, $2,010,000.
  Pearl Harbor, Navy Public Works Center, $6,940,000.
ILLINOIS
  Great Lakes, Naval Training Center, $2,170,000.
  Great Lakes, Navy Public Works Center, $2,460,000.
INDIANA
  Crane, Naval Weapons Support Center, $13,520,000.
MAINE
  Kittery, Portsmouth Naval Shipyard, $38,182,000.
MARYLAND
  Bethesda, National Naval Medical Center, $9,040,000.
  Indian Head, Naval Ordnance Station, $6,430,000.
  Patuxent River, Naval Air Test Center, $9,040,000.
  Patuxent River, Naval Hospital, $2,510,000.
  St. Inigoes, Naval Electronic Systems Engineering Activity, $4,020,000.
MISSISSIPPI
  Gulfport, Naval Construction Training Center, $8,710,000.
NEW JERSEY
  Earle, Naval Weapons Station, $85,400,000.
NORTH CAROLINA
  Camp Lejeune, Marine Corps Base, $29,170,000.
  Cherry Point, Marine Corps Air Station, $13,950,000.
PENNSYLVANIA
  Warminster, Naval Air Development Center, $10,770,000.
RHODE ISLAND
  Newport, Naval Education and Training Center, $6,230,000.
  Newport, Naval Underwater Systems Center, $13,700,000.
SOUTH CAROLINA
  Beaufort, Marine Corps Air Station, $6,700,000.
  Charleston, Naval Station, $720,000.
  Charleston, Naval Weapons Station, $27,030,000.
  Parris Island, Marine Corps Recruit Depot, $3,410,000.
TEXAS
  Lackland Air Force Base, Naval Technical Training Center Detachment,
  $11,850,000.
VIRGINIA
  Arlington, Headquarters Marine Corps, $2,810,000.
  Dahlgren, Naval Space Surveillance System, $9,850,000.
  Dam Neck, Fleet Combat Direction Systems Support Activity, $6,500,000.
  Little Creek, Naval Amphibious Base, $20,470,000.
  Little Creek, Naval Amphibious School, $2,600,000.
  Norfolk, Fleet Training Center, $16,080,000.
  Norfolk, Naval Station, $10,950,000.
  Norfolk, Navy Public Works Center, $4,020,000.
  Oceana, Naval Air Station, $3,670,000.
  Quantico, Marine Corps Combat Development Command, $34,114,000.
  Quantico, Naval Research Laboratory Annex, $2,600,000.
  Wallops Island, AEGIS Combat Systems Center, $5,490,000.
WASHINGTON
  Bangor, Trident Refit Facility, $3,020,000.
  Bangor, Trident Training Facility, $3,610,000.
  Bremerton, Puget Sound Naval Shipyard, $22,000,000.
  Everett, Naval Station, $22,267,000.
  Keyport, Naval Undersea Warfare Engineering Station, $18,590,000.
  Oak Harbor, Naval Hospital, $2,180,000.
  Silverdale, Strategic Weapons Facility Pacific, $56,480,000.
  Whidbey Island, Naval Facility, $1,750,000.
VARIOUS LOCATIONS
  Land Acquisition, $4,660,000.
  (b) OUTSIDE THE UNITED STATES- The Secretary of the Navy may acquire real
  property and may carry out military construction projects in the amounts
  shown for each of the following installations and locations outside the
  United States:
GUAM
  Naval Magazine, $9,319,000.
  Navy Public Works Center, $7,500,000.
ITALY
  Sicily, Naval Communication Station, $1,513,000.
SPAIN
  Rota, Naval Communication Station, $1,105,000.
UNITED KINGDOM
  Brawdy Wales, Fleet Surveillance Support Command, $1,740,000.
VARIOUS LOCATIONS
  Host Nation Infrastructure Support, $1,000,000.
SEC. 2202. FAMILY HOUSING
  (a) CONSTRUCTION AND ACQUISITION- The Secretary of the Navy may, using
  amounts appropriated pursuant to section 2204(a)(7)(A), construct or
  acquire family housing units (including land acquisition), at the following
  installations in the number of units shown, and in the amount shown,
  for each installation:
  Long Beach, Naval Station, California, three hundred units, $25,018,000.
  Point Mugu, Pacific Missile Test Center, California, Family Housing Office,
  $513,000.
  San Diego, Navy Public Works Center, California, three hundred units,
  $31,880,000.
  Fallon Naval Air Station, Nevada, eighty units, $10,500,000.
  Little Creek, Naval Amphibious Base, Virginia, Family Housing Office,
  $372,000.
  Norfolk, Navy Public Works Center, Virginia, two Community Centers, $834,000.
  Guantanamo Bay, Naval Station, Cuba, one hundred and thirty-four units,
  $18,409,000.
  Keflavik, Naval Air Station, Iceland, one hundred and twelve units,
  $27,479,000.
  (b) PLANNING AND DESIGN- The Secretary of the Navy may, using amounts
  appropriated pursuant to section 2204(a)(7)(A), carry out architectural
  and engineering services and construction design activities with respect
  to the construction or improvement of military family housing units in an
  amount not to exceed $6,200,000.
SEC. 2203. IMPROVEMENTS TO MILITARY FAMILY HOUSING UNITS
  Subject to section 2825 of title 10, United States Code, the Secretary of
  the Navy may, using amounts appropriated pursuant to section 2204(a)(7)(A),
  improve existing military family housing units in the amount of $42,420,000.
SEC. 2204. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS, NAVY
  (a) IN GENERAL- Funds are hereby authorized to be appropriated for fiscal
  years beginning after September 30, 1990, for military construction, land
  acquisition, and military family housing functions of the Department of
  the Navy in the total amount of $1,972,251,000 as follows:
  (1) For military construction projects inside the United States authorized
  by section 2201(a), $917,622,000.
  (2) For military construction projects outside the United States authorized
  by section 2201(b), $22,177,000.
  (3) For the construction of the Headquarters Building, Naval Intelligence
  Command Headquarters, Suitland, Maryland, as authorized by section 2201(a)
  of the Military Construction Authorization Act, 1989 (division B of Public
  Law 100-456; 102 Stat. 2093), $55,048,000.
  (4) For unspecified minor construction projects under section 2805 of
  title 10, United States Code, $13,311,000.
  (5) For architectural and engineering services and construction design
  under section 2807 of title 10, United States Code, $76,951,000.
  (6) For advances to the Secretary of Transportation for construction of
  defense access roads under section 210 of title 23, United States Code,
  $4,017,000.
  (7) For military family housing functions--
  (A) for construction and acquisition of military family housing and
  facilities, $163,625,000; and
  (B) for support of military housing (including functions described in
  section 2833 of title 10, United States Code), $719,500,000, of which
  not more than $53,775,000 may be obligated or expended for the leasing of
  military family housing units worldwide.
  (b) LIMITATION OF TOTAL COST OF CONSTRUCTION PROJECTS- Notwithstanding
  the cost variations authorized by section 2853 of title 10, United States
  Code, and any other cost variation authorized by law, the total cost of
  all projects carried out under section 2201 of this Act may not exceed
  the sum of:
  (1) the total amount authorized to be appropriated under paragraphs (1)
  and (2) of subsection (a); and
  (2) $65,300,000 (the balance of the amount authorized under section 2201(a)
  for the construction of trestles replacement at Naval Weapons Station,
  Earle, New Jersey).
SEC. 2205. EXTENSION OF CERTAIN PRIOR YEAR AUTHORIZATIONS
  (a) EXTENSION OF AUTHORIZATION OF CERTAIN FISCAL YEAR 1988 PROJECTS-
  Notwithstanding the provisions of section 2171 of the Military Construction
  Authorization Act, 1988 and 1989 (division B of Public Law 100-180;
  101 Stat. 1206), authorizations for the following projects authorized
  in section 2121 of that Act, as extended by section 2205 of the Military
  Construction Authorization Act for Fiscal Years 1990 and 1991 (division
  B of Public Law 101-189; 103 Stat. 1628), shall remain in effect until
  October 1, 1991, or the date of enactment of an Act authorizing funds for
  military construction for fiscal year 1992, whichever is later:
  (1) Physical security improvements in the amount of $2,460,000 at the
  Naval Air Station, Sigonella, Italy.
  (2) Cold-iron utilities support in the amount of $7,480,000 at Naval
  Support Office, La Maddelena, Italy.
  (b) EXTENSION OF CERTAIN PREVIOUS AUTHORIZATION OF CERTAIN FISCAL YEAR
  1989 PROJECTS- Notwithstanding the provisions of section 2701(a) of
  the Military Construction Act, 1989 (division B of Public Law 100-456;
  102 Stat. 2115), authorizations for the following projects authorized in
  sections 2201 and 2202 of that Act shall remain in effect until October 1,
  1991, or the date of enactment of an Act authorizing funds for military
  construction for fiscal year 1992, whichever is later:
  (1) Space Surveillance Facility in the amount of $3,760,000 at Naval Space
  Surveillance Field Station, San Diego, California.
  (2) Fire Station in the amount of $2,500,000 at Mare Island Naval Shipyard,
  Vallejo, California.
  (3) Controlled Industrial Facility in the amount of $11,250,000 at Naval
  Submarine Base, Pearl Harbor, Hawaii.
  (4) Forward Training Area in the amount of $8,280,000 at Marine Corps Air
  Station, Cherry Point, North Carolina.
  (5) Aircraft maintenance facility in the amount of $8,370,000 at Naval
  Air Station, Whidbey Island, Washington.
  (6) Support facility upgrade in the amount of $6,470,000 at Naval Support
  Facility, Antigua.
  (7) Fire safety system in the amount of $1,950,000 at Naval Supply Depot,
  Guam.
  (8) Electronic installation in the amount of $20,972,000 at Fleet
  Surveillance Support Group, Guam.
  (9) Power plant in the amount of $27,770,000 at Navy Public Works Center,
  Subic Bay, Philippines.
  (10) Seal Team Operations Facility in the amount of $4,990,000 at an
  overseas classified location.
  (11) Family housing, new construction, three hundred units, in the amount
  of $26,110,000 at Naval Station, Long Beach, California.
TITLE XXIII--AIR FORCE
SEC. 2301. AUTHORIZED AIR FORCE CONSTRUCTION AND LAND ACQUISITION PROJECTS
  (a) INSIDE THE UNITED STATES- The Secretary of the Air Force may acquire
  real property and may carry out military construction projects in the amount
  shown for each of the installations and locations inside the United States:
ALABAMA
  Gunter Air Force Base, $20,100,000.
  Maxwell Air Force Base, $22,500,000.
ALASKA
  Clear Air Force Station, $5,000,000.
  Eielson Air Force Base, $12,400,000.
  Elmendorf Air Force Base, $8,900,000.
  Galena Airport, $8,700,000.
  King Salmon Airport, $2,500,000.
  Shemya Air Force Base, $47,400,000.
  Various Locations, $11,000,000.
ARIZONA
  Williams Air Force Base, $3,650,000.
ARKANSAS
  Little Rock Air Force Base, $5,300,000.
CALIFORNIA
  Beale Air Force Base, $6,300,000.
  Castle Air Force Base, $3,000,000.
  Edwards Air Force Base, $17,100,000.
  March Air Force Base, $1,050,000.
  McClellan Air Force Base, $11,200,000.
  Sierra Army Depot, $3,650,000.
  Travis Air Force Base, $10,800,000.
  Vandenberg Air Force Base, $115,000,000.
COLORADO
  Peterson Air Force Base, $2,700,000.
FLORIDA
  Avon Park Range, $700,000.
  Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, $5,353,000.
  Eglin Air Force Base, $4,700,000.
  Homestead Air Force Base, $7,900,000.
  MacDill Air Force Base, $12,250,000.
GEORGIA
  Moody Air Force Base, $4,400,000.
  Robins Air Force Base, $21,200,000.
HAWAII
  Hickam Air Force Base, $11,420,000.
  Wheeler Air Force Base, $3,500,000.
IDAHO
  Mountain Home Air Force Base, $1,350,000.
ILLINOIS
  Scott Air Force Base, $10,060,000.
INDIANA
  Grissom Air Force Base, $2,000,000.
KANSAS
  McConnell Air Force Base, $9,100,000.
LOUISIANA
  Barksdale Air Force Base, $8,530,000.
MAINE
  Bangor Air National Guard Base, $970,000.
MARYLAND
  Andrews Air Force Base, $3,050,000.
  Fort George G. Meade, $1,800,000.
MASSACHUSETTS
  Hanscom Air Force Base, $3,800,000.
MICHIGAN
  K.I. Sawyer Air Force Base, $2,700,000.
  Wurtsmith Air Force Base, $960,000.
MISSISSIPPI
  Columbus Air Force Base, $3,100,000.
MISSOURI
  Whiteman Air Force Base, $62,650,000.
NEBRASKA
  Offutt Air Force Base, $2,600,000.
NEVADA
  Indian Springs Auxiliary Field, $2,550,000.
  Nellis Air Force Base, $12,520,000.
NEW JERSEY
  McGuire Air Force Base, $7,850,000.
NEW MEXICO
  Holloman Air Force Base, $14,010,000.
  Kirtland Air Force Base, $4,200,000.
NORTH CAROLINA
  Seymour Johnson Air Force Base, $2,502,000.
NORTH DAKOTA
  Grand Forks Air Force Base, $8,850,000.
  Minot Air Force Base, $3,600,000.
OHIO
  Newark Air Force Base, $5,100,000.
  Wright-Patterson Air Force Base, $10,150,000.
OKLAHOMA
  Altus Air Force Base, $21,700,000.
  Tinker Air Force Base, $55,100,000.
  Vance Air Force Base, $400,000.
SOUTH CAROLINA
  Charleston Air Force Base, $14,090,000.
  Shaw Air Force Base, $3,000,000.
SOUTH DAKOTA
  Ellsworth Air Force Base, $13,150,000.
TEXAS
  Brooks Air Force Base, $4,100,000.
  Carswell Air Force Base, $12,616,000.
  Dyess Air Force Base, $7,550,000.
  Goodfellow Air Force Base, $980,000.
  Kelly Air Force Base, $10,300,000.
  Lackland Air Force Base, $22,500,000.
  Laughlin Air Force Base, $1,820,000.
  Randolph Air Force Base, $1,750,000.
  Reese Air Force Base, $5,090,000.
  Sheppard Air Force Base, $8,400,000.
UTAH
  Hill Air Force Base, $22,500,000.
VIRGINIA
  Langley Air Force Base, $600,000.
WASHINGTON
  Fairchild Air Force Base, $11,200,000.
  McChord Air Force Base, $5,200,000.
WYOMING
  F.E. Warren Air Force Base, $4,400,000.
  (b) OUTSIDE THE UNITED STATES- The Secretary of the Air Force may acquire
  real property and may carry out military construction projects in the
  amounts shown for each of the following installations and locations outside
  the United States:
ANTIGUA
  Antigua Air Station, $8,200,000.
CANADA
  Various Locations, $6,300,000.
GREENLAND
  Thule Air Base, $6,300,000.
JAPAN
  Kadena Air Base, $2,950,000.
KOREA
  Osan Air Base, $3,500,000.
SEYCHELLES ISLANDS
  Mahe Missile Tracking Site, $4,600,000.
TURKEY
  Pirinclik Air Station, $1,250,000.
UNITED KINGDOM
  RAF Chicksands, $12,200,000.
VARIOUS LOCATIONS
  Classified Location, $4,800,000.
WORLDWIDE CLASSIFIED
  Classified Location, $3,800,000.
  Classified Location, $4,000,000.
  Classified Location, $4,000,000.
  Classified Location, $2,600,000.
SEC. 2302. FAMILY HOUSING
  (a) CONSTRUCTION AND ACQUISITION- The Secretary of the Air Force may
  construct or acquire family housing units (including land, acquisition) using
  amounts appropriated pursuant to section 2304(a)(7)(A), at the following
  installations in the number of units shown, and in the amount shown, for
  each installation: Nellis Air Force Base, Nevada, housing office, $235,000.
  Holloman Air Force Base, New Mexico, housing maintenance facility, $219,000.
  Charleston Air Force Base, South Carolina, housing office and maintenance
  facility, $592,000.
  Myrtle Beach Air Force Base, South Carolina, housing office, $258,000.
  Ellsworth Air Force Base, South Dakota, housing office, $313,000.
  Andersen Air Force Base, Guam, housing supply and storage facility,
  $1,371,000.
  (b) PLANNING AND DESIGN- The Secretary of the Air Force may, using amounts
  appropriated pursuant to section 2304(a)(7)(A), carry out architectural
  and engineering services and construction design activities with respect
  to the construction or improvement of military family housing units in an
  amount not to exceed $6,000,000.
SEC. 2303. IMPROVEMENT TO MILITARY FAMILY HOUSING UNITS
  Subject to section 2825 of title 10, United States Code, the Secretary
  of the Air Force may, using amounts appropriated pursuant to section
  2304(a)(7)(A), improve existing military family housing units in an amount
  not to exceed $173,612,000.
SEC. 2304. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS, AIR FORCE
  (a) IN GENERAL- Funds are hereby authorized to be appropriated for fiscal
  years beginning after September 30, 1990, for military construction, land
  acquisition, and military family housing functions of the Department of
  the Air Force in the total amount of $1,977,034,000.
  (1) For military construction projects inside the United States authorized
  by section 2301(a), $714,321,000.
  (2) For military construction projects outside the United States authorized
  by section 2301(b), $64,500,000.
  (3) For the construction of the Large Rocket Test Facility, Arnold
  Engineering Development Center, Tennessee, as authorized by section
  2301(a) of the Military Construction Authorization Act, 1989 (division B
  of Public Law 100-456; 102 Stat. 2087), and as amended by section 2307 of
  the Military Construction Authorization Act for Fiscal Years 1990 and 1991
  (division B of Public Law 101-189; 103 Stat. 1630), $109,300,000.
  (4) For unspecified minor construction projects under section 2805 of
  title 10, United States Code, $10,272,000.
  (5) For architectural and engineering services and construction design
  under section 2807 of title 10, United States Code, $107,741,000.
  (6) For advances to the Secretary of Transportation for construction of
  defense access roads under section 210 of title 23, United States Code,
  $9,000,000.
  (7) For military family housing functions--
  (A) For construction and acquisition of military family housing and
  facilities, $182,600,000; and
  (B) For support of military housing (including functions described in
  section 2833 of title 10, United States Code), $779,300,000 of which not
  more than $110,911,000 may be obligated or expended for leasing of military
  family housing units worldwide.
  (b) LIMITATION ON TOTAL COST OF CONSTRUCTION PROJECTS- Notwithstanding
  the cost variations authorized by section 2853 of title 10, United States
  Code, and any other cost variation authorized by law, the total cost of
  all projects carried out under section 2301 of this Act may not exceed--
  (1) the total amount authorized to be appropriated under paragraphs (1)
  and (2) of subsection (a); and
  (2) $85,800,000 (The balance of the amount authorized for the construction
  of the Titan IV Launch Complex, Vandenberg Air Force Base, California.)
SEC. 2305. EXTENSION OF CERTAIN PRIOR YEAR AUTHORIZATIONS
  (a) EXTENSION OF AUTHORIZATION OF A CERTAIN FISCAL YEAR 1987 PROJECT-
  Notwithstanding the provisions of section 2701(a) of the Military
  Construction Authorization Act, 1987 (division B of Public Law 99-661; 100
  Stat. 4040), authorization for the following project authorized in section
  2301 of that Act as amended by section 2305 of the Military Construction
  Authorization Act, 1989 (division B of Public Law 100-456; 102 Stat. 2115)
  shall remain in effect until October 1, 1991, or the date of the enactment
  of an Act authorizing funds for military construction for fiscal year 1992,
  whichever is later:
  KC-135 CPT Simulator Facility in the amount of $890,000 at Beale Air Force
  Base, California.
  (b) EXTENSION OF AUTHORIZATION OF CERTAIN FISCAL YEAR 1989 PROJECTS-
  Notwithstanding the provisions of section 2701(a) of the Military
  Construction Authorization Act, 1989 (division B of Public Law 100-456;
  102 Stat. 2108), authorizations for the following projects authorized in
  sections 2301 and 2303 of that Act shall remain in effect until October 1,
  1991, or the date of the enactment of an Act authorizing funds for military
  construction for fiscal year 1992, whichever is later:
  (1) F-111 Avionics Facility in the amount of $1,300,000 at Cannon Air
  Force Base, New Mexico.
  (2) Aircraft Operational Apron-Phase I in the amount of $4,950,000;
  Intelligence Facility-Phase II in the amount of $2,250,000; Special
  Operations Forces Helicopter Maintenance Facility in the amount of
  $4,100,000; Special Operations Forces Hangar/Nose Dock in the amount of
  $2,100,000; and Special Operations Forces Hydrant Fueling System in the
  amount of $800,000 at Clark Air Base, Philippines.
  (3) Defense Language Institute Language Training Laboratory in the amount
  of $12,000,000 at Lackland Air Force Base, Texas.
  (4) Land Acquisition in the amount of $2,300,000 at Altus Air Force Base,
  Oklahoma.
  (5) Alter Technical Training Management Facility in the amount of $1,750,000
  at Randolph Air Force Base, Texas.
  (6) Alter and Expand Headquarters Data Center, in the amount of $576,000
  at Patrick Air Force Base, Florida.
  (7) Security Police Complex, in the amount of $2,300,000 at McGuire Air
  Force Base, New Jersey.
  (8) Over the Horizon-Backscatter (OTH-B) Operations Building in the amount
  of $17,500,000 at Elmendorf Air Force Base, Alaska.
  (9) Fire Training Area in the amount of $2,200,000 at Peterson Air Force
  Base, Colorado.
  (10) Alter Combat Intelligence Operations Center in the amount of $1,000,000
  at Ramstein Air Base, Germany (authorized as part of Classified Locations
  in the amount of $16,473,000).
  (11) Solid State Uninterrupted Power Supply in the amount of $1,300,000
  at Ramstein Air Base, Germany.
  (12) Add to and Alter Aircraft Support Equipment Shop in the amount of
  $2,850,000 at Shemya Air Force Base, Alaska.
  (13) Post Office in the amount of $550,000 at Incirlik, Turkey.
  (14) F-16 Aircraft Maintenance Unit Facility in the amount of $2,800,000
  at Osan Air Base, Korea.
  (15) Improve Military Family Housing, Phase II, in the amount of $4,018,000
  at Bolling Air Force Base, District of Columbia.
  (16) Improve On-Base Housing in the amount of $3,207,000 at McClellan Air
  Force Base, California.
  (17) Off-Street Parking, Site Improvements in the amount of $1,919,000 at
  Scott Air Force Base, Illinois.
  (18) Improve Family Housing, Phase I, in the amount of $7,869,000 at
  Carswell Air Force Base, Texas.
  (19) Improve 16 Family Housing Units in the amount of $600,000 at Carswell
  Air Force Base, Texas.
  (20) Modernize Capehart Housing, Phase IV, in the amount of $4,373,000 at
  K.I. Sawyer Air Force Base, Michigan.
  (21) Improve Capehart Housing, Phase I, in the amount of $10,600,000 at
  Plattsburgh Air Force Base, New York.
  (22) Improve General Officers Quarters in the amount of $74,000 at Peterson
  Air Force Base, Colorado.
  (23) Upgrade Capehart Military Family Housing, Phase II, in the amount of
  $6,006,000 at Holloman Air Force Base, New Mexico.
  (24) Improve Family Housing in the amount of $2,278,000 at Keesler Air
  Force Base, Mississippi.
  (25) Addition to Physical Fitness Center in the amount of $3,800,000 at
  Peterson Air Force Base, Colorado.
SEC. 2306. AUTHORIZATION FOR A FACILITY
  The Secretary of the Air Force may acquire at no cost an existing building
  constructed on Eglin Air Force Base, Florida, in 1986 as part of a three year
  incrementally funded Research, Development, Test and Evaluation contract.
TITLE XXIV--DEFENSE AGENCIES
SEC. 2401. AUTHORIZED DEFENSE AGENCIES CONSTRUCTION AND LAND ACQUISITION
PROJECTS
  (a) INSIDE THE UNITED STATES- The Secretary of Defense may acquire real
  property and may carry out military construction projects in the amounts
  shown for each of the following installations and locations inside the
  United States:
DEFENSE COMMUNICATIONS AGENCY
  Wheeler Air Force Base, Hawaii, $1,491,000.
  Arlington Service Center, Virginia, $2,664,000.
DEFENSE LOGISTICS AGENCY
  Defense Reutilization and Marketing Office, Anniston Army Depot, Alabama,
  $2,370,000.
  Defense Depot, Tracy, California, $1,700,000.
  Defense Reutilization and Marketing Office, Fort Meade, Maryland, $9,500,000.
  Defense Depot, Mechanicsburg, Pennsylvania, $18,100,000.
  Defense Reutilization and Marketing Office, Fort Jackson, South Carolina,
  $500,000.
  Defense Depot, Memphis, Tennessee, $14,900,000.
  Defense General Supply Center, Richmond, Virginia, $7,000,000.
  Defense Reutilization and Marketing Office, F.E. Warren Air Force Base,
  Wyoming, $1,700,000.
DEFENSE MEDICAL FACILITIES OFFICE
  Marine Corps Base, Camp Pendleton, California, $1,750,000.
  Walter Reed Army Medical Center, District of Columbia, $4,000,000.
  MacDill Air Force Base, Florida, $2,900,000.
  Fort Benning, Georgia, $2,000,000.
  Tripler Army Medical Center, Hawaii, $2,200,000.
  Fort Riley, Kansas, $1,050,000.
  Marine Corps Base, Camp Lejeune, North Carolina, $3,200,000.
  Altus Air Force Base, Oklahoma, $500,000.
  Philadelphia Naval Shipyard, Pennsylvania, $11,600,000.
  Lackland Air Force Base, Texas, $2,250,000.
  Cheatham Annex, Virginia, $6,500,000.
  Dam Neck Flight Center, Virginia, $4,050,000.
  Fort Lee, Virginia, $2,650,000.
  Marine Corps Base, Quantico, Virginia, $2,450,000.
DEFENSE NUCLEAR AGENCY
  White Sands Missile Range, New Mexico, $64,800,000.
NATIONAL SECURITY AGENCY
  Fort George C. Meade, Maryland, $19,471,000.
OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY OF DEFENSE
  Defense Language Institute, Monterey, California, $4,182,000.
  Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences, Bethesda, Maryland,
  $800,000.
  Classified Locations, $26,600,000.
SECTION SIX SCHOOLS
  Fort Benning, Georgia, $9,400,000.
  Dahlgren Naval Surface Warfare Center, Virginia, $1,360,000.
SPECIAL OPERATIONS COMMAND
  Coronado Naval Amphibious Base, California, $21,020,000.
  Eglin Air Force Base, Florida, $11,750,000.
  Fort Stewart/Hunter Army Air Field, Georgia, $4,900,000.
  Norristown, Army Reserve Center, Pennsylvania, $2,598,000.
  Dam Neck Marine Environmental Facility, Virginia, $9,160,000.
  Classified Location, $2,747,000.
STRATEGIC DEFENSE INITIATIVE ORGANIZATION
  Barking Sands Pacific Missile Range, Hawaii, $3,870,000.
  (b) OUTSIDE THE UNITED STATES- The Secretary of Defense may acquire real
  property and may carry out military construction projects in the amounts
  shown for each of the following installations and locations outside the
  United States:
DEFENSE MEDICAL FACILITIES OFFICE
  Rhein-Main Air Base, Germany, $870,000.
  Camp Casey, Korea, $1,000,000.
  Sinop, Turkey, $1,750,000.
DEFENSE NUCLEAR AGENCY
  Johnston Island, $8,595,000.
NATIONAL SECURITY AGENCY
  Classified Location, $2,375,000.
OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY OF DEFENSE
  Classified Location, $7,800,000.
SEC. 2402. FAMILY HOUSING
  The Secretary of Defense may construct or acquire three family housing
  units (including land acquisition), using amounts appropriated pursuant
  to section 2405(a)(15)(A), at classified locations in the total amount
  not to exceed $400,000.
SEC. 2403. IMPROVEMENTS TO MILITARY FAMILY HOUSING UNITS
  Subject to section 2825 of title 10, United States Code, the Secretary of
  Defense may, using amounts appropriated pursuant to section 2405(a)(15)(A),
  improve existing military family housing units in an amount not to exceed
  $100,000.
SEC. 2404. CONFORMING STORAGE FACILITIES
  Section 2404(a) of the Military Construction Authorization Act, 1987
  (division B of Public Law 99-661; 100 Stat. 4034) is amended to read
  as follows:
  `(a) AUTHORITY TO CONSTRUCT- The Secretary of Defense may, using not
  more than $10,000,000 appropriated for Fiscal Year 1987, using not more
  than $5,000,000 appropriated for Fiscal Year 1988, using not more than
  $9,300,000 appropriated for Fiscal Year 1989, using not more than $11,000,000
  appropriated for Fiscal Year 1990, and using not more than $13,580,000
  appropriated for Fiscal Year 1991, carry out military construction projects
  not otherwise authorized by law for conforming storage facilities.'
SEC. 2405. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS, DEFENSE AGENCIES
  (a) IN GENERAL- Funds are hereby authorized to be appropriated for Fiscal
  Years beginning after September 30, 1990, for military construction,
  land acquisition, and military family housing functions of the Department
  of Defense (other than the military departments), in the total amount of
  $1,646,913,000 as follows:
  (1) For military construction projects inside the United States authorized
  by section 2401(a), $289,683,000.
  (2) For military construction projects outside the United States authorized
  by section 2401(b), $22,390,000.
  (3) For military construction projects at Nellis Air Force Base, Nevada,
  authorized by section 2401(a) of the Military Construction Authorization
  Act for Fiscal Years 1990 and 1991 (division B of Public Law 101-180;
  103 Stat. 1639), $56,000,000.
  (4) For military construction projects at Fort Sill, Oklahoma, authorized
  by section 2401(a) of the Military Construction Authorization Act, 1989
  (division B of Public Law 100-456; 102 Stat. 2109), as amended, $10,400,000.
  (5) For military construction projects at Defense Reutilization and
  Marketing Office, Eglin Air Force Base, Florida, authorized by section
  2401(a) of the Military Construction Authorization Act for Fiscal Years
  1990 and 1991, $2,850,000.
  (6) For military construction projects at Defense Construction Supply Center,
  Columbus, Ohio, authorized by section 2401(a) of the Military Construction
  Authorization Act for Fiscal Years 1990 and 1991, $13,530,000.
  (7) For military construction projects at Defense Personnel Support Center,
  Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, authorized by section 2401(a) of the Military
  Construction Authorization Act for Fiscal Years 1990 and 1991, $3,940,000.
  (8) For military construction projects at Fort Sam Houston, Texas, authorized
  by section 2401(a) of the Military Construction Authorization Act, 1987
  (division B of Public Law 99-661; 100 Stat. 4034), as amended, $77,000,000.
  (9) For military construction projects at Portsmouth Naval Hospital,
  Virginia, authorized by section 2401(a) of the Military Construction
  Authorization Act for Fiscal Years 1990 and 1991, $40,000,000.
  (10) For unspecified minor construction projects under section 2805 of
  title 10, United States Code, $12,955,000.
  (11) For contingency construction projects of the Secretary of Defense
  under section 2804 of title 10, United States Code, $12,700,000.
  (12) For architectural and engineering services and for construction design
  under section 2807 of title 10, United States Code, $104,285,000.
  (13) For base closure and realignment activities as authorized by the
  Defense Authorization Amendments and Base Closure and Realignment Act
  (Public Law 100-526; 102 Stat. 2623), $966,500,000.
  (14) For conforming storage facilities constructed under the authority
  of section 2404 of the Military Construction Authorization Act, 1987
  (100 Stat. 4037), as amended, $13,580,000.
  (15) For military family housing functions--
  (A) for construction and acquisition of military family housing facilities,
  $500,000; and
  (B) for support of military housing (including functions described in
  section 2833 of title 10, United States Code), $20,600,000, of which not
  more than $17,897,000 may be obligated or expended for the leasing of
  military family housing units worldwide.
  (b) LIMITATION OF TOTAL COST OF CONSTRUCTION PROJECTS- Notwithstanding the
  cost variations authorized by section 2853 of title 10, United States Code,
  and any other cost variations authorized by law, the total cost of all
  projects carried out under section 2401 may not exceed the total amount
  authorized to be appropriated under paragraphs (1) and (2) of subsection (a).
SEC. 2406. MEDICAL FACILITY, NELLIS AIR FORCE BASE, NEVADA
  (a) PROJECT AMOUNT- The item listed under the heading `Defense Medical
  Facilities Office' in section 2401 of the Military Construction Authorization
  Act for Fiscal Years 1990 and 1991 (division B of Public Law 101-180;
  103 Stat. 1639) is amended by striking `Nellis Air Force Base, Nevada,
  $62,000,000.' and inserting in lieu thereof `Nellis Air Force Base, Nevada,
  $66,000,000.'.
  (b) TITLE TOTAL- Section 2405(b)(3) of such Act is amended by striking
  $52,000,000.' and inserting in lieu thereof `$56,000,000.'.
SEC. 2407. EXTENSION OF CERTAIN PRIOR YEAR AUTHORIZATIONS
  (a) EXTENSION OF AUTHORIZATION OF CERTAIN FISCAL YEAR 1987 PROJECTS-
  Notwithstanding the provisions of section 2701(a) of the Military
  Construction Authorization Act, 1987 (division B of Public Law 99-661;
  100 Stat. 4040), the authorization for the following projects in section
  2401(a) of that Act, shall remain in effect until October 1, 1991, or the
  date of the enactment of an Act authorizing funds for military construction
  for fiscal year 1992, whichever is later:
  (1) Road Improvements, in the amount of $4,370,000 at National Security
  Headquarters, Fort Meade, Maryland.
  (2) Fuel Tankage, in the amount of $5,130,000 at Defense Fuel Support Point,
  Charleston, South Carolina.
  (b) EXTENSION OF AUTHORIZATION OF CERTAIN FISCAL YEAR 1988 PROJECTS-
  Notwithstanding the provisions of section 2171(a) of the Military
  Construction Authorization Act, 1988 and 1989 (division B of Public
  Law 100-180; 101 Stat. 1206), authorizations for the following projects
  authorized in section 2141 of that Act, as extended by section 2406(b)
  of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Years 1990 and 1991
  (division B of Public Law 101-189; 103 Stat. 1643), shall remain in effect
  until October 1, 1991, or until the date of enactment of an Act authorizing
  funds for military construction for fiscal year 1992, whichever is later:
  Fuel Tankage, in the amount of $9,400,000 at Defense Fuel Supply Point,
  Key West, Florida.
  (c) EXTENSION OF AUTHORIZATION OF CERTAIN FISCAL YEAR 1989 PROJECTS-
  Notwithstanding the provisions of section 2701(a) of the Military
  Construction Authorization Act, 1989 (division B of Public Law 100-456;
  102 Stat. 2115), authorizations for the following projects authorized in
  section 2401 of that Act shall remain in effect until October 1, 1991,
  or until the date of enactment of an Act authorizing funds for military
  construction for fiscal year 1992, whichever is later:
  (1) Laboratory/Pharmacy Addition, Fort Leonard Wood, Missouri, $1,450,000.
  (2) Hospital Life Safety Upgrade, Corpus Christi Naval Air Station, Texas,
  $6,100,000.
  (3) Hospital Life Safety Upgrade, Dyess Air Force Base, Texas, $950,000.
TITLE XXV--NORTH ATLANTIC TREATY ORGANIZATION INFRASTRUCTURE
SEC. 2501. AUTHORIZED NATO CONSTRUCTION AND LAND ACQUISITION PROJECTS
  The Secretary of Defense may make contributions for the North Atlantic
  Treaty Organization Infrastructure Program as provided in section 2806
  of title 10, United States Code, in an amount not to exceed the sum of
  the amount authorized to be appropriated for this purpose in section 2502
  and the amount collected from the North Atlantic Treaty Organization as
  a result of construction previously financed by the United States.
SEC. 2502. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS, NATO
  Funds are hereby authorized to be appropriated for fiscal years beginning
  after September 30, 1990 for contributions by the Secretary of Defense
  under section 2806 of title 10, United States Code, for the share of
  the United States of the cost of projects for the North Atlantic Treaty
  Organization Infrastructure Program as authorized by section 2501, in the
  amount of $210,400,000.
TITLE XXVI--GUARD AND RESERVE FORCES FACILITIES
SEC. 2601. AUTHORIZED GUARD AND RESERVE CONSTRUCTION AND LAND ACQUISITION
PROJECTS
  There are authorized to be appropriated for fiscal years beginning
  after September 30, 1990, for the costs of acquisition, architectural
  and engineering services, and construction of facilities for the Guard
  and Reserve Forces, and for contributions therefor, under chapter 133 of
  title 10, United States Code (including the cost of acquisition of land
  for those facilities), the following amounts:
  (1) for the Department of the Army--
  (A) for the Army National Guard of the United States, $198,040,000, and
  (B) for the Army Reserve, $68,826,000.
  (2) for the Department of the Navy, for the Naval and Marine Corps Reserve,
  $67,207,000.
  (3) for the Department of the Air Force--
  (A) for the Air National Guard of the United States, $134,310,000, and
  (B) for the Air Force Reserve, $37,700,000.
TITLE XXVII--EXPIRATION OF AUTHORIZATIONS
SEC. 2701. EXPIRATION OF AUTHORIZATIONS AND AMOUNTS REQUIRED TO BE SPECIFIED
BY LAW
  (a) EXPIRATION OF AUTHORIZATIONS AFTER 2 YEARS- Except as provided in
  subsection (b), all authorizations contained in titles XXI, XXII, XXIII,
  XXIV, and XXV for military construction projects, land acquisition, family
  housing projects and facilities, and contributions to the NATO Infrastructure
  Program (and authorizations of appropriations therefor) shall expire on
  October 1, 1992, or the date of the enactment of the Military Construction
  Authorization Act for fiscal year 1993, whichever is later.
  (b) EXCEPTION- The provisions of subsection (a) do not apply to
  authorizations for military construction projects, land acquisition,
  family housing projects and facilities, and contributions to the NATO
  Infrastructure Program (and authorizations of appropriations therefor),
  for which appropriated funds have been obligated before October 1, 1992,
  or the date of the enactment of the Military Construction Authorization
  Act for fiscal year 1993, whichever is later, for construction contracts,
  land acquisition, family housing projects and facilities, or contributions
  to the NATO Infrastructure Program.
SEC. 2702. EFFECTIVE DATES
  Titles XXI, XXII, XXIII, XXIV, XXV, and XXVI shall be in effect as of
  October 1, 1990 or the date of the enactment of a Military Construction
  Authorization Act for fiscal year 1991, whichever is later.
TITLE XXVIII--GENERAL PROVISIONS
Part A--Military Construction Program Changes
SEC. 2801. ONE-YEAR EXTENSION OF MILITARY HOUSING RENTAL GUARANTEE PROGRAM
  Section 802(h) of the Military Construction Authorization Act, 1984 (10
  U.S.C. 2821 note), is amended by striking out `1990' and inserting in lieu
  thereof `1991'.
SEC. 2802. OPTIONS TO LEASE REAL PROPERTY
  (a) AUTHORITY TO ACQUIRE LEASE OPTION- Section 2677 of title 10, United
  States Code, is amended to read as follows:
` 2677. Options on real property
  `(a) The Secretary of a military department may acquire an option to acquire
  or lease a parcel of real property before or after its acquisition or lease
  (as the case may be) is authorized by law, if he considers the parcel
  suitable and likely to be needed by his department.
  `(b)(1) As consideration for an option acquired under subsection (a),
  the Secretary may pay--
  `(A) in the case of an option to acquire, an amount that is not more than
  12 percent of the appraised market value of the property; or
  `(B) in the case of an option to lease, an amount that is not more than
  12 percent of the appraised annual fair market rental value of the property.
  `(2) The Secretary may make payments under paragraph (1) from funds
  available to his department for real property activities.'.
  (b) TABLE OF SECTIONS- The item relating to section 2677 in the table of
  sections at the beginning of chapter 159 of title 10, United States Code,
  is amended to read as follows:
`2677. Options on real property.'.
SEC. 2803. FAMILY HOUSING IMPROVEMENT THRESHOLD
  Section 2825(b)(1) of title 10, United States Code, is amended by adding
  at the end the following sentence: `The Secretary concerned may waive
  the limitation contained in the preceding sentence in any case if the
  Secretary notifies the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the
  House of Representatives of the proposed waiver and a period of 21 days
  elapse after the date on which the committees receives the notice.'.
SEC. 2804. OPERATION AND CONTROL OF THE PENTAGON RESERVATION
  (a) IN GENERAL- (1) Chapter 159 of title 10, United States Code, is amended
  by inserting after section 2673 the following new section:
`Sec. 2674. Operation and control of the Pentagon Reservation
  `(a) Jurisdiction, custody, and control over, and responsibility for the
  operation, maintenance, and management of the Pentagon Reservation is
  transferred to the Secretary of Defense.
  `(b) The Secretary may appoint military or civilian personnel or contract
  personnel to perform law enforcement and security functions for property
  occupied, or under the jurisdiction, custody, and control of the Department
  of Defense located in the National Capitol Region. Such individuals--
  `(1) may be armed with appropriate firearms required for personal safety
  and for the proper execution of their duties, whether on Department of
  Defense property or in travel status; and
  `(2) shall have the same powers as sheriffs and constables to enforce
  the laws, rules, or regulations enacted for the protection of persons
  and property.
  `(c) The Secretary may prescribe such rules and regulations as the Secretary
  considers appropriate to ensure the safe, efficient, and secure operation
  of the Pentagon Reservation, including rules and regulations necessary
  to govern the operation and parking of motor vehicles on the Pentagon
  Reservation. Whoever shall violate any rule or regulation prescribed pursuant
  to this subsection shall be fined not more than $50 or imprisoned not more
  than 30 days, or both.
  `(d) The Secretary of Defense may establish rates and collect charges
  for space, services, protection, maintenance, construction, repairs,
  alterations, or facilities provided at the Pentagon Reservation.
  `(e)(1) There is established in the Treasury of the United States a revolving
  fund to be known as the Pentagon Reservation Maintenance Revolving Fund
  (hereafter in this section referred to as the `Fund'). There shall be
  deposited into the Fund the following:
  `(A) Funds collected by the Secretary for space and services and other
  items provided an organization or entity using any facility or land on
  the Pentagon Reservation pursuant to subsection (d).
  `(B) All unobligated balances in the Fund established under section
  210(f) of the Federal Property and Administrative Services Act of 1949 (40
  U.S.C. 490(f)) that would otherwise have remained available without fiscal
  year limitation to the Department of Defense under existing inter-agency
  agreements.
  `(2) Monies deposited into the fund shall be available, without fiscal
  year limitation, for expenditure for real property management, operation,
  protection, construction, repair, alteration and related activities for
  the Pentagon Reservation.
  `(f) The Secretary of Defense shall ensure that Members of Congress who
  serve on committees of the Senate or the House of Representatives having
  legislative oversight jurisdiction over the Department of Defense, and the
  professional staff members of such committees, have appropriate access to
  the facilities of the Pentagon Reservation.
  `(g) In this section:
  `(1) The term `Pentagon Reservation' means that area of land (consisting of
  approximately 280 acres) and improvements thereon, located in Arlington,
  Virginia, on which the Pentagon Office Building, Federal Building Number
  2, the Pentagon heating and sewage treatment plants, and other related
  facilities are located, including various areas designated for the parking
  of vehicles.
  `(2) The term `National Capitol Region' has the meaning provided the term
  `National Capitol region' in section 1(b) of the Act of June 6, 1924
  (43 Stat. 463; 40 U.S.C. 71(b)).
  (2) The table of sections at the beginning of such chapter is amended by
  inserting after the item relating to section 2673 the following new item:
`2674. Operation and control of the Pentagon Reservation.'.
  (b) TRANSFER OF FUNDS FOR FISCAL YEAR 1991- For fiscal year 1991, the
  Secretary of Defense may transfer into the Pentagon Reservation Maintenance
  Revolving Fund (established by section 2674(e) of title 10, United States
  Code), from funds appropriated to the military departments and the Defense
  Agencies, amounts equal to the amounts that would otherwise be paid by
  the military departments and the Defense Agencies to the General Services
  Administration for the use of the Pentagon Reservation.
  (c) EFFECTIVE DATE- Section 2674 of title 10, United States Code, as added
  by subsection (a), shall take effect on October 1, 1990, or the date of
  the enactment of this Act, whichever is later.
SEC. 2805. BASE CLOSURE AND REALIGNMENT
  (a) BASE CLOSURE AND REALIGNMENT- Section 2687 of title 10, United States
  Code, is amended--
  (1) by striking out subsection (d);
  (2) by redesignating subsection (e) as subsection (i); and
  (3) by inserting after subsection (c) the following new subsections:
  `(d) IMPLEMENTATION- (1) The Secretary of Defense may, subject to the
  provisions of this section--
  `(A) take such actions as may be necessary to close or realign any military
  installation, including the acquisition of such land, the construction of
  such replacement facilities, the performance of such activities, and the
  conduct of such advance planning and design as may be required to transfer
  functions from a military installation being closed or realigned to another
  military installation, and may use for such purpose funds in the Account
  or funds appropriated to the Department of Defense for use in planning
  and design, minor construction, or operation and maintenance;
  `(B) provide--
  `(i) economic adjustment assistance to any community located near a military
  installation being closed or realigned, and
  `(ii) community planning assistance to any community located near a
  military installation to which functions will be transferred as a result
  of the closure or realignment of a military installation,
if the Secretary of Defense determines that the financial resources available
to the community (by grant or otherwise) for such purposes are inadequate,
and may use for such purposes funds in the Account or funds appropriated to
the Department of Defense for economic adjustment assistance or community
planning assistance;
  `(C) carry out activities for the purposes of environmental restoration and
  mitigation, and may use for such purposes funds in the Account or funds
  appropriated to the Department of Defense for environmental restoration
  and mitigation; and
  `(D) provide outplacement assistance to civilian employees employed by the
  Department of Defense at military installations being closed or realigned,
  and may use for such purpose funds in the Account or funds appropriated
  to the Department of Defense for outplacement assistance to employees.
  `(2) Nothing in this section restricts the authority of the Secretary of
  Defense or the Secretary of the military department concerned to obtain
  architectural and engineering services under section 2807 of this title.
  `(e) MANAGEMENT AND DISPOSAL OF PROPERTY- (1) The Administrator of General
  Services shall delegate to the Secretary of Defense, with respect to excess
  and surplus real property and facilities located at a military installation
  closed or realigned under the procedures established by this section--
  `(A) the authority of the Administrator to utilize excess property under
  section 202 of the Federal Property and Administrative Services Act of 1949
  (40 U.S.C. 483);
  `(B) the authority of the Administrator to dispose of surplus property
  under section 203 of that Act (40 U.S.C. 484); and
  `(C) the authority of the Administrator to grant approvals and make
  determinations under section 13(g) of the Surplus Property Act of 1944
  (50 U.S.C. App. 1622(g)).
  `(2)(A) Subject to subparagraph (B), the Secretary of Defense shall
  exercise the authority delegated to the Secretary pursuant to paragraph
  (1) in accordance with--
  `(i) all regulations in effect on the date of the enactment of the National
  Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1991 governing the utilization
  of excess property and the disposal of surplus property under the Federal
  Property and Administrative Services Act of 1949; and
  `(ii) all regulations in effect on the date of the enactment of the National
  Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1991 governing the conveyance
  and disposal of property under section 13(g) of the Surplus Property Act
  of 1944 (50 U.S.C. App. 1622(g)).
  `(B) The Secretary of Defense, after consulting with the Administrator of
  General Services, may issue regulations that are necessary to carry out
  the delegation of authority required by paragraph (1).
  `(C) The authority required to be delegated by paragraph (1) to the Secretary
  of Defense by the Administrator of General Services shall not include the
  authority to prescribe general policies and methods for utilizing excess
  property and disposing of surplus property.
  `(D) The Secretary of Defense may transfer real property or facilities
  located at a military installation to be closed or realigned under this
  section, with or without reimbursement, to a military department or other
  entity (including a nonappropriated fund instrumentality) within the
  Department of Defense or the Coast Guard.
  `(E) Before any action may be taken with respect to the disposal of any
  surplus real property or facility located at any military installation
  to be closed or realigned under this section, the Secretary of Defense
  shall consult with the Governor of the State and the heads of the local
  governments concerned for the purpose of considering any plan for the use
  of such property by the local community concerned.
  `(3)(A) Except as provided in subparagraph (B), there shall be deposited
  into the Account all proceeds--
  `(i) from any transfer under paragraph (2)(D); and
  `(ii) from the disposal of any property or facility made as a result of
  a closure or realignment under this section.
  `(B) In any case in which the Secretary of Defense requests assistance
  from the General Services Administration in the management or disposal of
  property or facilities under this section, the Secretary of Defense shall
  reimburse the Administrator of General Services in accordance with section
  1535 of title 31 for any expenses incurred in such activities.
  `(f) APPLICABILITY OF NATIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL POLICY ACT OF 1969- (1) The
  provisions of the National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 (42 U.S.C. 4321
  et seq.) shall not apply to--
  `(A) the actions of the Secretary of Defense in selecting a military
  installation for closure or realignment;
  `(B) in selecting a military installation to receive functions from an
  installation to be closed or realigned; or
  `(C) in the preparation of the notification and evaluation required by
  subsection (b).
  `(2)(A) The provisions of the National Environmental Policy Act of 1969
  shall apply to actions of the Department of Defense under this section (i)
  during the process of property disposal, and (ii) during the process of
  relocating functions from a military installation being closed or realigned
  to another military installation after the receiving installation has been
  selected, but before the functions are relocated.
  `(B) In applying the provisions of the National Environmental Policy Act of
  1969 to actions referred to in subparagraph (A), the Secretary of Defense
  and the Secretary of the military departments concerned shall not have
  to consider--
  `(i) the need for closing or realigning the military installation which
  has been selected for closure or realignment by the Secretary of Defense
  or the Secretary of the military department concerned;
  `(ii) the need for transferring functions to the military installation
  which has been selected as the receiving installation; or
  `(iii) military installations alternative to those selected.
  `(3) A civil action for judicial review, with respect to any requirement
  of the National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 to the extent such Act
  is applicable, of any act or failure to act by the Department of Defense
  or the military department concerned during the closing, realigning, or
  relocating of functions referred to in clauses (i) and (ii) of paragraph
  (2)(A), or of any act or failure to act by the Department of Defense or
  the military department concerned under this section, may not be brought
  more than 60 days after the date of such act or failure to act.
  `(g) INAPPLICABILITY OF OTHER LAW- The Secretary of Defense may close or
  realign military installations pursuant to the procedures set forth in
  this section without regard to--
  `(1) any provision of law restricting the use of funds for closing
  or realigning military installations included in any appropriations or
  authorization Act enacted before the date of the enactment of the National
  Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1991; and
  `(2) section 2662 of this title.
  `(h) BASE CLOSURE AND REALIGNMENT ACCOUNT- (1) There is established on
  the books of the United States Treasury an account to be known as the
  `Department of Defense Base Closure and Realignment Account' which shall
  be administered by the Secretary of the Treasury as a single account.
  `(2) The Account shall be composed of--
  `(A) funds appropriated to the Account;
  `(B) any funds transferred to the Account by the Secretary of Defense from
  funds appropriated to or for the use of the Department of Defense, other
  than funds appropriated to the Account, after the Secretary of Defense
  transmits to the appropriate committees of Congress written notice of,
  and justification for, such transfer; and
  `(C) proceeds described in subsection (e)(3)(A);
  `(3) The Secretary of Defense may use the funds in the Account only for
  the purposes described in subsection (d).
  `(4) When funds in the Account are used to carry out a construction
  project under subsection (d)(1), and the cost of the project will exceed
  the maximum amount authorized by law for a minor construction project, the
  Secretary of Defense shall notify, in writing, the appropriate committees
  of Congress of the nature of, the justification for, and the amount of
  the expenditures for the project. Any such construction project may be
  carried out without regard to section 2805 of this title.'.
  (b) CONFORMING AMENDMENT- Subsection (i) of such section, as redesignated by
  subsection (a), is amended by adding at the end the following new paragraphs:
  `(5) The term `Account' means the Department of Defense Base Closure and
  Realignment Account established by subsection (h).
  `(6) The term `appropriate committees of Congress' means the Committees
  on Armed Services and the Committees on Appropriations of the Senate and
  the House of Representatives.'.
SEC. 2806. HOMEOWNERS ASSISTANCE PROGRAM
  Section 2832 of title 10, United States Code, is amended by adding at the
  end the following new subsection:
  `(c) Notwithstanding subsection (i) of the Act referred to in subsection
  (a), the Secretary may transfer such sums as are determined to be necessary
  to provide assistance under that Act to the fund established by subsection
  (d) of that Act from any funds available for obligation by the Department
  of Defense. The Secretary shall report the facts concerning any transfer
  made pursuant to this section to the appropriate committees of Congress.'.
SEC. 2807. ASSISTANCE PROGRAM FOR EMPLOYEES OF A NONAPPROPRIATED FUND
INSTRUMENTALITY ADVERSELY AFFECTED BY BASE CLOSURES
  Section 1013 of the Demonstration Cities and Metropolitan Development Act
  of 1966 (42 U.S.C. 3374) is amended--
  (1) in subsection (c), by striking out `above' in the first sentence and
  inserting in lieu thereof `in subsection (b) or (o)';
  (2) in subsection (k), by striking `and (n) of this section' and inserting
  `(n), and (o)'; and
  (3) by adding at the end the following new subsections:
  `(o)(1) Notwithstanding subsection (b), a Federal employee who is serving
  overseas and is entitled to reemployment by the Federal Government
  (including a nonappropriated fund instrumentality of the United States)
  at or in connection with a military base or installation undergoing a
  base closure, wholly or in part, shall be entitled to the benefits of
  this section to the same extent that the employee would have been if the
  employee were employed at or in connection with such base or installation.
  `(2) All payments to an employee of a nonappropriated fund instrumentality of
  the United States that are made under this section from the fund available
  to the Secretary of Defense under subsection (d) shall be reimbursed from
  the nonappropriated funds of such instrumentality.
  `(3) Paragraph (1) applies with respect to the closure of a base or
  installation ordered to be closed, in whole or in part, after December
  31, 1988.
  `(p) In this section:
  `(1) The term `Federal employee' includes a person referred to in section
  2105(c) of title 5 who is a citizen or national of the United States.
  `(2) The term `nonappropriated fund instrumentality of the United States'
  means an instrumentality referred to in section 2105(c) of title 5.'.
SEC. 2808. COMMUNITY PLANNING ASSISTANCE
  Section 2391(b) of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
  (1) by striking out paragraphs (3), (4), and (6);
  (2) by redesignating paragraph (5) as paragraph (4); and
  (3) by inserting after paragraph (2) the following new paragraph (3):
  `(3) In the case of a publicly-announced planned reduction in Department
  of Defense spending, the cancellation or termination of a Department of
  Defense contract, or the failure to proceed with a previously approved
  major defense acquisition program, assistance may be made under paragraph
  (1) only if the reduction cancellation, termination, or failure will have a
  direct and significant impact on a community and will result in the loss of--
  `(A) not less than 2,500 jobs, in the case of an urban area;
  `(B) not less than 1,000 jobs, in the case of a rural area; or
  `(C) a number of jobs equal to or greater than 1 percent of the employed
  labor force in either such area.'.
SEC. 2809. REVENUE FROM DISPOSAL OF EXCESS DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE LAND
  Section 204 of the Federal Property and Administrative Services Act of 1949
  (40 U.S.C. 485) is amended--
  (1) in subsection (a), by striking `subsections (b), (c), (d), and (e)'
  and inserting in lieu thereof `subsections (b), (c), (d), (e), and (h)';
  (2) in subsection (b), by striking `All the proceeds' in the first sentence
  and inserting in lieu thereof `Except as provided in subsection (h),
  all the proceeds'; and
  (3) by adding at the end thereof the following new subsection (h):
  `(h)(1) If the Secretary of Defense determines that land under the control
  of the Department of Defense (other than land at a military installation
  designated for closure or realignment) is excess property, the Secretary
  shall request the Administrator to dispose of such land in accordance with
  the provisions of this Act. The Administrator shall deposit any proceeds
  (less the costs of disposing of the land) in a special account in the
  Treasury of the United States. The amount deposited in such account with
  respect to the disposal of any such land shall be available to the extent
  provided in appropriation Acts as follows:
  `(A) 50 percent of such amount shall be available for facility maintenance
  and repair or environmental restoration at the military installation where
  the land is located.
  `(B) 50 percent of such amount shall be available for facility maintenance
  and repair and for environmental restoration, to the military department
  that had jurisdiction over the land before the disposal of such land.
  `(2) For the purposes of this subsection the term `military installation'
  shall have the meaning given that term in section 2687(i)(1) of title 10,
  United States Code.'.
SEC. 2810. REVENUE FROM LEASING OUT DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE ASSETS
  Section 2667(d) of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
  (1) by redesignating paragraph (2) as paragraph (3); and
  (2) by striking out paragraph (1) and inserting in lieu thereof the
  following:
  `(1)(A) All money rentals received pursuant to leases entered into by the
  Secretary of a military department under this section shall be deposited in
  a special account in the Treasury established for such military department,
  except--
  `(i) amounts paid for utilities and services furnished lessees by the
  Secretary; and
  `(ii) money rentals referred to in paragraph (3).
  `(B) Sums deposited in a military department's special account pursuant
  to subparagraph (A) shall be available to such military department, as
  provided in appropriation Acts, for facility maintenance and repair or
  environmental restoration. Of the sums made available for such purpose
  in any fiscal year, an amount equal to 50 percent of the money rentals
  deposited in such account from money rentals received under a lease of
  property at a military installation or facility shall be made available
  for maintenance and repair or environmental restoration expenses at such
  installation or facility.
  `(2) Payments for utilities and services furnished lessees pursuant to leases
  entered into under this section shall be credited to the appropriation
  account from which the cost of furnishing the utilities and services
  was paid.'.
SEC. 2811. SENSE OF THE SENATE ON CLOSURE OF OVERSEAS BASES
  (a) FINDINGS- Congress makes the following findings:
  (1) The United States has provided substantial resources over more than
  four decades to the construction, improvement, and operation of military
  facilities outside the United States.
  (2) The United States has also provided substantial resources over the
  years to the economic and military development of friendly foreign countries.
  (3) The provision of resources described in subparagraphs (1) and (2)
  was carried out pursuant to several collective security arrangements.
  (4) Efforts by the United States have enhanced the economic and military
  capabilities of a significant number of the friends and allies of the
  United States.
  (5) The recent changes in Eastern Europe and the Soviet Union, and the
  disintegration of the Warsaw Pact as a military alliance, have created an
  environment that will permit the withdrawal of military personnel of the
  United States from several military facilities in Europe and other areas
  of the world.
  (6) The United States is entitled to recoup the residual value of the
  facilities constructed or improved by it unilaterally or in conjunction
  with other governments.
  (b) SENSE OF CONGRESS- In light of the findings in subsection (a), it is
  the sense of the Congress that--
  (1) in the case of any military facility outside the United States released
  in whole or in part to a host country, the Secretary of Defense, acting
  through the military component commands or the sub-unified commands to the
  combatant commands, should be the lead official in negotiations relating
  to the residual value of such facility;
  (2) although environmental cleanup is a factor that should be considered in
  connection with the determination of residual value of a released facility,
  the cost to the United States, if any, of the environmental cleanup of a
  facility should not exceed the residual value of the facility;
  (3) determination of the residual value of military facilities released to
  host countries in whole or in part by the United States should be handled
  on a facility by facility basis; and
  (4) the Secretary of Defense should seek recompense based on the highest
  possible residual value of a facility released to a host nation.
SEC. 2812. OVERSEAS MILITARY FACILITY INVESTMENT RECOVERY ACCOUNT
  (a) ESTABLISHMENT OF SPECIAL ACCOUNT- There is established on the books of
  the Treasury a special account to be known as the `Department of Defense
  Overseas Military Facility Investment Recovery Account'. Any amounts paid
  to the United States, pursuant to any treaty, status of forces agreement,
  or other international agreement to which the United States is a party,
  for the residual value of real property or improvements to real property
  used by civilian or military personnel of the Department of Defense shall
  be deposited into such account.
  (b) USE OF FUNDS- Money deposited in the Department of Defense Overseas
  Military Facility Investment Recovery Account shall be available to the
  Secretary of Defense to help meet costs incurred by the Department of
  Defense in connection with facility maintenance and repair and environmental
  restoration at military installations in the United States. Funds in the
  account shall remain available until expended, as provided in appropriations
  Acts.
SEC. 2813. MODIFICATION OF THE CONTENT OF BIANNUAL REPORT OF THE COMMISSION
ON ALTERNATIVE UTILIZATION OF MILITARY FACILITIES
  (a) USES OF FACILITIES- Section 2819(b) of the National Defense Authorization
  Act, Fiscal Year 1989 (Public Law 100-456; 102 Stat. 2119; 10 U.S.C. 2391
  note) is amended--
  (1) in paragraph (2), by striking out `minimum security facilities for
  nonviolent prisoners' and inserting in lieu thereof `Federal confinement
  or correctional facilities including shock incarceration facilities';
  (2) by striking out `and' at the end of paragraph (3);
  (3) by redesignating paragraph (4) as paragraph (5); and
  (4) by inserting after paragraph (3) the following new paragraph (4):
  `(4) identify those facilities, or parts of facilities, that could be
  effectively utilized or renovated to meet the needs of States and local
  jurisdictions for confinement or correctional facilities; and'.
  (b) EFFECTIVE DATE- The amendments made by subsection (a) shall take
  effect with respect to the first report required to be submitted under
  section 2819 the National Defense Authorization Act, Fiscal Year 1989,
  after September 30, 1990.
SEC. 2814. STUDY TO EVALUATE JOINT MILITARY-CIVILIAN USE OF MILITARY AIRFIELDS
  (a) IN GENERAL- The Secretary of Defense and the Secretary of Transportation
  shall conduct a joint study to evaluate the desirability and feasibility
  of converting airfields under the jurisdiction of each military department--
  (1) to civilian use; or
  (2) in the case of any such airfield which will continue to be used by
  the military department, to joint civilian and military use.
  (b) SPECIFIC MATTERS TO BE CONSIDERED- In conducting the study referred
  to in subsection (a), the Secretary of Defense and the Secretary of
  Transportation shall--
  (1) prepare an inventory of airfields under the control of each military
  department;
  (2) evaluate the present and future need of airfields for civilian use
  and for military use;
  (3) evaluate the extent to which civilian or joint civilian-military use
  of such airfields would meet national aviation policy objectives;
  (4) identify obstacles to and incentives for encouraging civilian or joint
  civilian-military use of such airfields;
  (5) identify and assess means of reducing the cost to the Department of
  Defense of civilian or joint civilian-military use of such airfields,
  including--
  (A) cost sharing agreements with civilian users of such airfields,
  (B) use of funds from the Airport and Airway Trust Fund established under
  section 9502 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986,
  (C) the imposition of civilian aviation user fees, and
  (D) civil aviation user lease agreements; and
  (6) assess the advisability of a joint-use agreement between the military
  department that controls the airfield and a commercial fixed-base operator.
  (c) REPORT- Not later than one year after the date of the enactment of this
  section, the Secretary of Defense and the Secretary of Transportation shall
  submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House
  of Representatives a joint report on the results of the study referred
  to in subsection (a) together with such comments and recommendations for
  legislation as the Secretaries consider appropriate.
  (d) FUNDING FOR STUDY- The study referred to in this section shall be funded
  jointly by the Department of Defense and the Department of Transportation.
  (e) AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS- There are authorized to be appropriated
  such funds as may be necessary to carry out the purposes of this section.
Part B--Land Transactions
SEC. 2821. RELEASE AND CONVEYANCE, RESERVE CENTER AT LITTLE ROCK, ARKANSAS
  (a) IN GENERAL- Subject to subsections (b) and (c), the Secretary of the
  Army (hereafter in this section referred to as the `Secretary') shall--
  (1) release to the University of Arkansas, without consideration, all right,
  title, and interest of the United States in and to approximately 2.66 acres
  of land in Palaski County, Arkansas, leased by the United States from the
  University of Arkansas pursuant to Department of Army lease No. DA-34-066,
  dated March 31, 1950; and
  (2) convey to the University of Arkansas, without consideration, all
  right, title, and interest of the United States in and to all improvements
  constructed on the land referred to in paragraph (1).
  (b) CONDITIONS OF RELEASE AND CONVEYANCE- The release and conveyance
  referred to in subsection (a) shall be subject to the condition that--
  (1) the University of Arkansas accept responsibility for all costs related
  to removing or abating the hazard posed by asbestos contained in any of
  the improvements conveyed pursuant to subsection (a)(2); and
  (2) the University of Arkansas agree to indemnify the United States against
  any liability for the presence of any asbestos or asbestos-containing
  material in any of the improvements referred to in subsection (a)(2).
  (c) ADDITIONAL TERMS AND CONDITIONS- The Secretary may require such
  additional terms and conditions in connection with the release and conveyance
  under this section as the Secretary determines appropriate to protect the
  interests of the United States.
SEC. 2822. LAND CONVEYANCE AT REDSTONE ARSENAL, ALABAMA
  (a) IN GENERAL- Subject to subsections (b) through (f), the Secretary of
  the Army may convey, without consideration, to the Solid Waste Disposal
  Authority of the City of Huntsville, Alabama, all right, title, and
  interest of the United States in and to a parcel of land, consisting of
  approximately 20 acres, at the Redstone Arsenal, Alabama, that, on the date
  of the enactment of this section, is leased to such Solid Waste Disposal
  Authority pursuant to Department of the Army lease DACA 01-1-87-225.
  (b) DESCRIPTION OF PROPERTY- The exact acreage and legal description of
  the property to be conveyed pursuant to this section shall be determined
  by a survey satisfactory to the Secretary. The cost of the survey shall
  be borne by the Solid Waste Disposal Authority referred to in subsection (a).
  (c) RESERVATIONS- The deed of conveyance for the parcel of land referred
  to in subsection (a) shall--
  (1) reserve to the United States all mineral rights in the land conveyed;
  (2) reserve to the United States an easement for the maintenance and
  operation of ground water monitoring equipment located in the southeast
  corner of the parcel of land and an easement for ingress and egress to
  the equipment; and
  (3) incorporate the easement granted by the Secretary of the Army to the City
  of Huntsville, Alabama, contained in the Road or Street Easement Numbered
  DACA 01-2-68-4, dated November 7, 1967, and recorded in Deed Book 458,
  pages 356-358, Probate Records, Madison County, Alabama.
  (d) EXISTING MINERAL LEASES- The conveyance provided for in subsection (a)
  shall be made subject to any mineral leases to which the land described
  in subsection (a) is subject at the time of the conveyance.
  (e) TERMINATION OF EXISTING LEASE- Department of the Army Lease DACA
  01-1-87-225 between the Department of the Army and the Solid Waste Disposal
  Authority of the City of Huntsville, Alabama, is terminated effective on
  the date of the conveyance referred to in subsection (a).
  (f) ADDITIONAL TERMS AND CONDITIONS- The Secretary may require such
  additional terms and conditions in connection with the conveyance under this
  section as the Secretary determines appropriate to protect the interests
  of the United States.
SEC. 2823. TRANSFER OF LANDS TO SECRETARY OF AGRICULTURE
  (a) TRANSFER- Notwithstanding any other provision of law and subject to
  subsections (b) through (d), the Secretary of the Army shall transfer
  administrative jurisdiction of approximately 16,707 acres of land at the
  Pinon Canyon Maneuver Site, Colorado, consisting of all parcels of land
  identified by the Secretary of the Army as uneconomic remnant lands,
  to the Secretary of Agriculture for inclusion in the Comanche National
  Grassland. The Secretary of Agriculture shall administer the transferred
  lands in accordance with laws applicable to the National Forest system.
  (b) DESCRIPTION OF THE PROPERTY- (1) The exact acreage and legal description
  of the property to be transferred under this section shall be determined
  by surveys satisfactory to the Secretary of the Army and the Secretary
  of Agriculture.
  (2) The Secretary of Agriculture, with the concurrence of the Secretary
  of the Army, shall prepare a map of the lands to be conveyed. These lands
  shall be known as the Picket Wire Canyonlands (hereafter in this section
  referred to as the `PWC').
  (3) The legal description and map referred to in paragraphs (1) and (2)
  shall be kept on file and available for public inspection in the office
  of the Chief of the Forest Service, Department of Agriculture.
  (c) ADMINISTRATION OF LANDS- (1) The Secretary of Agriculture shall
  administer the transferred lands so as to conserve and protect the
  paleontological, archeological, wildlife, vegetative, aquatic, and other
  natural resources of the area.
  (2) The management provisions of this section shall apply only to those
  parcels of the transferred lands comprising approximately 11,507 acres in
  the Purgatoire River Canyon.
  (3) The Secretary of Agriculture may permit access to the PWC for the
  purpose of permitting scholarly research, interpretation to the public,
  and recreational activities to the extent that such access does not--
  (A) impair (as determined by the Secretary of the Army) the use of the
  Pinon Canyon Maneuver Site for the purposes for which the area is intended
  to be used by the Army; or
  (B) impair the conservation and protection of paleontological, archeological,
  or natural resources of the area.
  (4) The Secretary of Agriculture may permit livestock grazing in the PWC
  only to the extent that the Secretary determines necessary to benefit the
  natural resources of the area.
  (5) Lands of the PWC are withdrawn from operation of the mining, mineral
  leasing, and other mineral entry laws of the United States.
  (6) No activity shall be permitted in the PWC that would impair (as
  determined by the Secretary of the Army) the use of the Pinon Canyon
  Maneuver Site for the purposes for which the site is intended to be used
  by the Army or the conservation and protection of the paleontological,
  archeological, and natural resources of the area, including production of
  or exploration for oil, gas, or minerals of any kind.
  (7) Lands to be transferred may not be used for the storage or processing
  of nuclear waste, other hazardous waste, or any other waste.
  (8) The Secretary of Agriculture, in consultation with the Director of
  the National Park Service, the Director of United States Fish and Wildlife
  Service, the Secretary of the Army, the head of the Colorado Department of
  Natural Resources, and the head of the Colorado State Historic Preservation
  Office, shall, after notice and opportunity for public comment, develop
  a management plan for the PWC that includes--
  (A) a complete survey and an inventory of the paleontological and
  archeological resources of the area; and
  (B) a strategy for protecting and conserving the dinosaur track way in
  the Purgatoire River Canyon and other paleontological and archeological
  resources in the PWC.
  (d) INTERAGENCY AGREEMENT- (1) When the lands referred to in subsection (a)
  are transferred, the Secretary of the Army and the Secretary of Agriculture
  shall enter into an interagency agreement providing for--
  (A) access to the PWC through the Pinon Canyon Maneuver Site for the
  Secretary of Agriculture (for the purpose of taking action to conserve and
  protect the area's resources) and the public (for educational purposes) in
  such manner, at such times, and to such an extent as will not interfere (as
  determined by the Secretary of the Army) with the Army's use of the site; and
  (B) cooperation between the Army and the Forest Service in the protection and
  conservation of the paleontological, archeological, and natural resources
  in the PWC.
  (2) In determining whether the manner, time, and extent of access through
  the Pinon Canyon Maneuver Site for a particular purpose will constitute
  interference with the Army's use of the site for the purpose of paragraph
  (1)(B), the Secretary of the Army shall--
  (A) with respect to access by the Secretary of Agriculture for management
  purposes, take into consideration that the high importance of protecting
  and conserving the resources of the PWC may justify the imposition of some
  inconvenience to the Army, so long as the inconvenience does not prevent the
  Army from accomplishing its purposes on the Pinon Canyon Maneuver Site; and
  (B) with respect to access by the public, take into consideration comments
  solicited from the public by the Secretary of Agriculture concerning the
  need for and the kind of access that should be provided.
  (e) AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS- There are authorized to be appropriated
  to the Department of Agriculture such sums as are necessary to carry out
  this section, including such sums as are necessary to pay for--
  (1) a study of the paleontological resources of the PWC and action to
  prevent erosion of the dinosaur track way;
  (2) a complete cadastral survey of the PWC; and
  (3) an archaeological, paleontological, and historical survey of the PWC.
SEC. 2824. LAND CONVEYANCE, CAPE HENLOPEN, DELAWARE
  (a) IN GENERAL- Notwithstanding any other provision of law, and subject
  to subsections (b) through (f), the Secretary of the Army (hereafter in
  this section referred to as the `Secretary') shall convey to the State
  of Delaware all right, title, and interest of the United States in and
  to a parcel of real property located at Cape Henlopen, in Sussex County,
  Delaware, consisting of approximately 96 acres and known as the Fort Meade
  Recreation Area.  The conveyance made pursuant to this section shall be
  without consideration except that required by subsection (b).
  (b) CONDITIONS OF CONVEYANCE- The conveyance authorized by this section
  shall be subject to the following conditions:
  (1) The State of Delaware  shall indemnify the United States against
  all liability in connection with any hazardous materials, substances,
  or conditions which may be found on the property to be conveyed pursuant
  to this section.
  (2) The State of Delaware shall permit members of the Armed Forces of the
  United States serving on active duty, their spouses, and their dependents to
  purchase each year, for a price not greater than the price charged residents
  of the State of Delaware, an annual pass to all Delaware State parks.
  (3) The State of Delaware shall pay to the Secretary for credit to the
  Army Morale, Welfare, and Recreation Fund, the sum of $14,369, to reimburse
  the fund for sums expended to improve the property.
  (c) USE OF PROPERTY; REVERSION- (1) The real property conveyed pursuant
  to this section may be used by the State of Delaware only for public park
  or recreational purposes.
  (2) If the Secretary of the Interior determines at any time that the real
  property conveyed pursuant to this section is not being used for a purpose
  specified in paragraph (1), all right, title and interest in and to such
  real property shall revert to the United States and the United States
  shall have the right of immediate entry thereon.
  (d) DESCRIPTION OF PROPERTY- The exact acreage and legal description of the
  real property to be conveyed pursuant to this section shall be determined
  by a survey satisfactory to the Secretary.  The cost of such survey shall
  be borne by the State of Delaware.
  (e) ADDITIONAL TERMS AND CONDITIONS- The Secretary may require such
  additional terms and conditions in connection with the conveyance pursuant
  to this section as the Secretary determines appropriate to protect the
  interests of the United States.
  (f) TRANSFER DATE- The transfer referred to in subsection (a) shall be
  made not later than one year after the date of the enactment of this section.
SEC. 2825. RELOCATION OF THE FLORIDA SOLAR ENERGY CENTER
  (a) IN GENERAL- The Secretary of the Air Force may pay $2,953,000 to the
  State of Florida for the sole purpose of assisting that State to relocate the
  Florida Solar Energy Center from Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Florida,
  to a new site provided by the State of Florida on other than federally
  owned land. The payment of such sum shall include all Federal Government
  contributions to the relocation project, including relocation costs.
  (b) CONSIDERATION- In consideration for payment of the amount provided
  for in (a), the State of Florida shall--
  (1) surrender all leases, easements, and other land interests connected
  with the Florida Solar Energy Center on Cape Canaveral Air Force Station;
  (2) convey to the United States title to all buildings, fixtures, and
  other real property located on such lands;
  (3) waive any claims against the United States arising out of the operation
  of the Florida Solar Energy Center from its inception until the final
  departure of all personnel and property connected with the Center from
  Cape Canaveral Air Force Station;
  (4) accept sole responsibility for the disposal, removal, or remediation
  of all solid or hazardous wastes on the property and release the United
  States from any obligation with respect to such wastes without regard to
  who may have been responsible for placing the solid or hazardous waste on
  the property; and
  (5) indemnify the United States against all claims, losses, damages, and
  costs arising out of or connected with any solid or hazardous wastes on
  the premises, to the extent permitted by the laws of the State of Florida.
  (c) AGREEMENT- No payment may be made to the State of Florida under this
  section until the Secretary and the State of Florida have entered into an
  agreement embodying the terms of this section, including a waiver by the
  State of all claims for the payment of any amount for relocation costs in
  addition to the amount specified in subsection (a).
  (d) ADDITIONAL TERMS AND CONDITIONS- The Secretary may require such
  additional terms and conditions with respect to the payment by the Secretary
  pursuant to subsection (a) as the Secretary considers appropriate to
  protect the interests of the United States.
SEC. 2826. LAND EXCHANGE AT FORT BENNING, GEORGIA
  (a) AUTHORITY TO CONVEY- Subject to subsections (b), (c), and (d), the
  Secretary of the Army may convey to the City of Columbus, Georgia, all right,
  title, and interest of the United States in and to a tract of land consisting
  of approximately 3,000 acres comprising a portion of Fort Benning, Georgia.
  (b) CONSIDERATION- (1) In consideration for the conveyance by the Secretary
  under subsection (a), the City of Columbus shall convey to the United
  States approximately 4,000 acres of land located adjacent to the southern
  boundary of the lands comprising Fort Benning.
  (2) If the fair market value of the land conveyed by the Secretary under
  subsection (a) exceeds the fair market value of the land conveyed to the
  United States, as determined by the Secretary, the City of Columbus shall
  pay an amount equal to the difference to the United States. The Secretary
  shall deposit any such amount into the Treasury as miscellaneous receipts.
  (c) LEGAL DESCRIPTION OF LANDS- The exact acreages and legal descriptions
  of the lands to be conveyed under this section shall be determined by
  surveys satisfactory to the Secretary. The cost of the surveys shall be
  borne by the City of Columbus.
  (d) ADDITIONAL TERMS AND CONDITIONS- The Secretary may require such
  additional terms and conditions in connection with the transactions
  authorized by this section as the Secretary determines appropriate to
  protect the interests of the United States.
SEC. 2827. NEGOTIATIONS FOR JOINT CIVILIAN AND MILITARY USE OF THE AIRFIELD
AT BARBERS POINT NAVAL AIR STATION, HAWAII
  (a) IN GENERAL- The Secretary shall enter into negotiations with the State
  of Hawaii with a view to entering into an agreement with the State of Hawaii
  under which the airfield facilities at Barbers Point Naval Air Station,
  Hawaii, would be jointly used for general civilian aviation purposes and
  military purposes.
  (b) AGREEMENT AUTHORITY-  In the event that the negotiations referred to in
  subsection (a) are successful, the Secretary may enter into an agreement
  with the State of Hawaii providing for the joint civilian and military
  use of the airfield. Any such agreement shall provide for an equitable
  allocation between the State and the Navy of the costs of maintaining and
  operating the airfield.
SEC. 2828. LAND CONVEYANCE, DILLINGHAM MILITARY RESERVATION, HAWAII
  (a) IN GENERAL- Subject to subsections (b), (c), and (d), the Secretary
  of the Army shall convey to the State of Hawaii, without consideration,
  all right, title, and interest of the United States in and to a parcel
  of land, together with improvements thereon, consisting of approximately
  87 acres, that comprises a portion of Dillingham Military Reservation at
  Mokuleia, Hawaii, and which was previously ceded, without consideration,
  to the United States by the State of Hawaii for use by the Armed Forces
  of the United States.
  (b) CONDITION- The conveyance authorized by subsection (a) shall be made
  on condition that the State of Hawaii enter into an agreement with the
  Secretary of the Army (and acceptable to the Secretary) providing for joint
  civilian and military use of the property as an airfield by the State of
  Hawaii and the Army.
  (c) DESCRIPTION OF PROPERTY- The exact acreage and legal description of
  the property referred to in subsection (a) shall be determined by a survey
  satisfactory to the Secretary. The cost of the survey shall be borne by
  the State of Hawaii.
  (d) ADDITIONAL TERMS AND CONDITIONS- The Secretary may require such
  additional terms and conditions in connection with the conveyance under this
  section as the Secretary determines appropriate to protect the interests
  of the United States.
SEC. 2829. LAND CONVEYANCE, SOUTH BEND, INDIANA
  (a) IN GENERAL- Subject to subsections (b) through (e), the Secretary of
  the Army may convey to the Civic Foundation, Incorporated, a nonprofit
  corporation organized and operating under the laws of the State of Indiana,
  all right, title and interest of the United States in and to approximately
  4.15 acres of land, together with improvements thereon, situated at 1733
  East Northside Boulevard, South Bend, Indiana, and known as the Northside
  Army Reserve Training Center.
  (b) CONSIDERATION- (1) In consideration for the conveyance authorized by
  subsection (a), the Civic Foundation, Incorporated, or the City of South
  Bend shall--
  (A) convey to the United States a parcel of land consisting of approximately
  eight acres, together with improvements thereon, located at 2402 Rose
  Street, South Bend, Indiana, known as the Maple Lane School;
  (B) in accordance with plans and specifications approved by the Secretary--
  (i) repair and rehabilitate the Maple Lane School building; and
  (ii) design and construct, to Department of the Army specifications,
  additional improvements on the Maple Lane School property necessary to
  meet the requirements of the Army (as determined by the Secretary); and
  (C) construct an access driveway to the Maple Lane School property from
  Ironwood Drive.
  (2) The cost of the construction, repair, rehabilitation, and additional
  improvements referred to in subparagraphs (B) and (C) of paragraph (1)
  (including the cost of all architectural, engineering design, environmental
  assessment and remediation, construction financing, and all legal and
  inspection fees for the additional improvements) shall be paid as follows:
  (A) The Civic Foundation, Incorporated, or the City of South Bend shall
  pay $500,000 of the amount necessary to carry out subparagraphs (B) and
  (C) of paragraph (1).
  (B) The United States shall pay any remaining costs for such work
  and additional improvements out of funds appropriated pursuant to the
  authorization contained in this division for such purposes and out of funds
  appropriated for the reserve components of the Armed Forces by the Military
  Construction Appropriations Act, 1987 (as contained in section 101(k)
  of the Joint Resolution making appropriations for the fiscal year 1987,
  and for other purposes, approved October 30, 1986 (Public Law 99-591;
  100 Stat. 3341-287)), and made available for such purpose.
  (c) VACATION OF PREMISES- The Army shall vacate the Northside Army Reserve
  Training Center facilities referred to in subsection (a) upon occupancy
  of the Maple Lane School property referred to in subsection (b)(1).
  (d) DESCRIPTION OF PROPERTY- The exact acreage and legal description of
  the properties to be conveyed pursuant to this section shall be determined
  by surveys satisfactory to the Secretary. The cost of the survey shall be
  borne by the Civic Foundation, Incorporated, or the City of South Bend.
  (e) ADDITIONAL TERMS AND CONDITIONS- The Secretary may require such
  additional terms and conditions in connection with the transaction under
  this section as the Secretary determines appropriate to protect the
  interests of the United States.
SEC. 2830. LAND EXCHANGE AT MARINE CORPS FINANCE CENTER, KANSAS, CITY, MISSOURI
  (a) AUTHORITY TO CONVEY- Subject to subsections (b) through (e), the
  Secretary of the Navy may convey to the City of Kansas City, Missouri,
  all right, title, and interest of the United States in and to a parcel of
  land consisting of approximately 12 acres located near the family housing
  area of the Marine Corps Finance Center, Kansas City, Missouri, together
  with the improvements on such land.
  (b) CONSIDERATION- In consideration for the conveyance by the Secretary
  under subsection (a), the City of Kansas City shall convey to the United
  States approximately 10 acres of land adjacent to the family housing area
  of the Marine Corps Finance Center, Kansas City, Missouri.
  (c) PAYMENT OF EXCESS INTO TREASURY- If the fair market value of the land
  and improvements conveyed by the Secretary under subsection (a) exceeds
  the fair market value of the land conveyed to the United States by the
  City of Kansas City, the City shall pay an amount equal to the difference
  to the United States, and the Secretary shall deposit such amount into
  the Treasury as miscellaneous receipts.
  (d) LEGAL DESCRIPTION OF LANDS- The exact acreages and legal descriptions
  of the lands to be conveyed under this section shall be determined by
  surveys satisfactory to the Secretary. The cost of the surveys shall be
  borne by the City of Kansas City.
  (e) ADDITIONAL TERMS AND CONDITIONS- The Secretary may require such
  additional terms and conditions in connection with the transactions
  authorized by this section as the Secretary determines appropriate to
  protect the interests of the United States.
SEC. 2831. EXCHANGE OF INTERESTS IN MILITARY PROPERTY IN THE STATE OF OREGON
  (a) RELEASE OF REVERSIONARY INTEREST- Subject to subsections (b), (c), and
  (d), the Secretary of the Army may release, on behalf of the United States,
  to the State of Oregon the reversionary interest of the United States in
  two parcels of land (including improvements thereon) at Camp Withycombe,
  Clackamas County, Oregon. One such parcel contains approximately 157 acres
  and the other such parcel contains approximately 3 acres. Both parcels are
  part of a larger tract of land that comprises Camp Withycombe and that
  was conveyed by the United States to the State of Oregon by a quitclaim
  deed dated November 9, 1956.
  (b) CONSIDERATION- (1) The release referred to in subsection (a)
  may be made only if the State of Oregon conveys to the United States,
  without consideration, a contingent interest (described in paragraph
  (2)) in approximately 166 acres of land (including improvements thereon)
  comprising Camp Rilea, Clatsop County, Oregon.
  (2) The contingent interest referred to in paragraph (1) is an interest
  that provides that--
  (A) in the event that Camp Rilea ceases to be used by the State of Oregon for
  military purposes, title to such property, including improvements thereon,
  shall immediately vest in the United States without payment of consideration
  and the United States shall have the immediate right to enter thereon; and
  (B) in the event of a war declared by Congress or a national emergency
  declared by Congress or the President, and upon a determination by the
  Secretary of Defense that any of such property is needed for military
  purposes, the United States shall have the right, without payment of
  consideration, to enter the property and use the property or any part
  thereof, including any improvements thereon, for such period as the Secretary
  determines necessary, but in no event for any period that extends beyond
  180 days after the end of such war or national emergency.
  (c) DESCRIPTION OF PROPERTY- The exact acreage and legal description of
  the parcels of land from which the reversionary interest referred to
  in subsection (a) is to be released, and the exact acreage and legal
  description of the property in which the contingent interest is to be
  conveyed to the United States under subsection (b), shall be determined
  by surveys satisfactory to the Secretary of the Army. The cost of such
  surveys shall be borne by the State of Oregon.
  (d) ADDITIONAL TERMS AND CONDITIONS- The Secretary of the Army may require
  such additional terms and conditions in connection with the release of
  the reversionary interest under subsection (a) and the conveyance of
  the contingent interest under subsection (b) as the Secretary determines
  appropriate to protect the interests of the United States.
SEC. 2832. CONVEYANCE OF FORT DOUGLAS, UTAH, TO THE UNIVERSITY OF UTAH
  (a) CONVEYANCE- (1) Except as provided in paragraphs (2), (3), and (4),
  and subject to subsections (c) and (g), the Secretary of the Army shall
  convey to the University of Utah all right, title, and interest of the
  United States in and to the land comprising Fort Douglas, Utah, together
  with improvements thereon.
  (2) The Secretary shall except from the land conveyed under paragraph (1)
  such land, not in excess of 64 acres, and improvements thereon as may be
  necessary for the Army to continue conducting Army Reserve activities at
  the Fort Douglas location.
  (3) The Secretary shall also except from the land conveyed under paragraph
  (1) the land at Fort Douglas constituting the Fort Douglas Post Cemetery,
  consisting of approximately four acres.
  (4) In connection with the land retained for Army Reserve activities and the
  land constituting the Army Post Cemetery, the Secretary shall reserve to the
  United States in the land conveyed such rights-of-way and other easements
  as may be necessary for ingress to and egress from the land retained.
  (b) CONSIDERATION- (1) The conveyance under subsection (a) shall be made
  only on the condition that the State of Utah and the University of Utah
  waive any entitlements that have not been exercised on behalf of the
  University of Utah before the date of the enactment of this section and
  that may be due to the State of Utah or the University of Utah on behalf
  of the University of Utah under--
  (A) section 3 of the Act entitled `An Act to establish the office of
  Surveyor-General of Utah, and to grant Land for School and University
  Purposes', approved February 21, 1855 (10 Stat. 611); and
  (B) sections 8 and 12 of the Act entitled `An Act to enable the people of
  Utah to form a constitution and State government, and to be admitted into
  the Union on equal footing with the original States', approved July 16,
  1894 (28 Stat. 110).
  (2) The waiver referred to in paragraph (1) shall be executed in such
  manner as the Secretary of the Army, after consultation with the Attorney
  General of the United States, determines necessary to effectively waive
  any unexercised entitlements under those laws.
  (c) CONDITION- (1) The conveyance provided for in subsection (a) may be
  made only on condition that--
  (A) the State of Utah agree to maintain and operate, as provided in paragraph
  (2), the Army museum located on the land conveyed to the University of
  Utah pursuant to this section; and
  (B) the University of Utah agree--
  (i) to maintain and operate, as provided in paragraph (2), the Army
  chapel and other historical buildings located on the land referred to in
  subparagraph (A); and
  (ii) to preserve and maintain, as provided in paragraph (2), the parade
  grounds that are a part of the land referred to in subparagraph (A).
  (2) The Army museum, Army chapel, and other historical buildings referred
  to in paragraph (1) shall be maintained and operated, and the parade
  grounds referred to in that paragraph shall be preserved and maintained,
  in a manner consistent with Federal laws and regulations pertaining to the
  preservation of historical sites, buildings, and monuments, as specified
  by the Secretary of the Interior.
  (d) REVERSIONARY RIGHT- If the University of Utah uses the land conveyed
  pursuant to subsection (a) for other than educational or research purposes,
  all right, title, and interest in and to such land shall automatically
  revert to the United States and the United States shall have the right of
  immediate entry thereon.
  (e) DEADLINE FOR CONVEYANCE- The conveyance under subsection (a) shall be
  made not later than one year after the date of the enactment of this section.
  (f) JOINT USE OF UTILITY SYSTEMS- The Secretary may enter into an agreement
  with the University of Utah under which the Army and the University would--
  (1) jointly use the existing utility systems located at Fort Douglas at
  the time of the conveyance provided for under subsection (a);
  (2) equitably share the cost of maintaining, operating, and replacing
  (as necessary) the systems; and
  (3) pay on a pro rata basis for the utilities consumed by each of the
  parties.
  (g) ADDITIONAL TERMS AND CONDITIONS- The Secretary may require such
  additional terms and conditions in connection with the conveyance provided
  for under subsection (a) as the Secretary considers necessary to protect
  the interests of the United States.
  (h) ADDITIONAL EXCESS LAND- In the event that any lands constituting
  Fort Douglas, Utah, that are not conveyed pursuant to subsection (a) are
  declared excess to the needs of the Army after the date of the conveyance
  provided for in that subsection, the Secretary shall convey such lands
  to the University of Utah. Any lands conveyed pursuant to this subsection
  shall be conveyed subject to a reversionary clause in favor of the United
  States as provided in subsection (d).
SEC. 2833. LAND CONVEYANCE, NAVAL RESERVE CENTER, BURLINGTON, VERMONT
  (a) IN GENERAL- Subject to subsection (b) through (e), the Secretary of
  the Navy may convey to the City of Burlington, Vermont, all right, title
  and interest of the United States in and to a parcel of real property
  consisting of approximately 1.49 acres, including improvements thereon,
  comprising the Naval Reserve Center, Burlington, Vermont.
  (b) USE OF PROCEEDS- The Secretary may use the proceeds of the transaction
  authorized by this section to pay all or part of the cost of acquiring a
  new site in the Burlington, Vermont, area for a naval reserve center and for
  the construction on such site of a replacement naval reserve center facility.
  (c) CONDITIONS OF SALE- (1) The conveyance authorized by subsection (a)
  shall be subject to the condition that the City of Burlington--
  (A) pay to the United States the sum of $1,500,000; and
  (B) permit the Navy to continue to occupy, without consideration, the
  property referred to in such subsection until a replacement facility has
  been acquired by the Secretary.
  (2) In the event that the conveyance authorized by subsection (a) is not made
  before January 1, 1992, because the City is unable to pay the consideration
  required by subsection (b)(1), the authority to convey is terminated.
  (d) DESCRIPTION OF PROPERTY- The exact acreage and legal description of
  the property to be conveyed under this section shall be determined by a
  survey satisfactory to the Secretary. The cost of such survey shall be
  borne by the City.
  (e) ADDITIONAL TERMS AND CONDITIONS- The Secretary may require such
  additional terms and conditions in connection with the conveyance under
  this section as the Secretary considers appropriate to protect the interests
  of the United States.
SEC. 2834. LAND CONVEYANCE, FORT A.P. HILL MILITARY RESERVATION, VIRGINIA
  (a) CONVEYANCE AUTHORIZED- Subject to subsections (b) through (e),
  the Secretary of the Army shall convey, without consideration, to the
  Commonwealth of Virginia all right, title, and interest of the United
  States in and to a parcel of land located at Fort A.P. Hill, Virginia,
  consisting of approximately 150 acres.
  (b) USE OF PROPERTY; REVERSION- (1) The land conveyed pursuant to this
  section shall be conveyed subject to the conditions that--
  (A) the construction of a regional correctional facility on the land be
  completed not later than five years after the date of the enactment of
  this section;
  (B) the land be used only for the purpose of operating a regional
  correctional facility; and
  (C) the Commonwealth of Virginia offer to Arlington County, Fairfax
  County, the City of Alexandria, Loudoun County, Fauquier County, Prince
  William County, Stafford County and Caroline County, Virginia, and any
  other Virginia county that the Commonwealth of Virginia may choose, the
  opportunity to participate in the governmental entity created under the
  law of the Commonwealth of Virginia to construct and operate the regional
  correctional facility.
  (2) If a regional correctional facility is not constructed on the land
  conveyed pursuant to this section in accordance with paragraph (1)(A), such
  land is used for any purpose other than the purpose specified in paragraph
  (1)(B), or the counties referred to in paragraph (1)(C) are not offered the
  opportunity to participate in the entity referred to in such paragraph (as
  determined by the Secretary), all right, title and interest in and to such
  land (together with the improvements thereon) shall revert to the United
  States and the United States shall have the right of immediate entry thereon.
  (c) DESCRIPTION OF PROPERTY- (1) The tract of land conveyed pursuant to
  this section shall be a tract of land that--
  (A) has soil and topographical conditions suitable for the construction of a
  low- to mid-rise institutional correctional facility, including  recreation,
  parking, and other necessary support facilities; and
  (B) is situated within reasonably close proximity to an existing sewer
  system.
  (2) The exact acreage and legal description of the land to be conveyed
  pursuant to this section shall be determined by a survey satisfactory to
  the Secretary.
  (d) PROHIBITION ON HOUSING CERTAIN PRISONERS- The regional correctional
  facility constructed pursuant to this section may not be used to house
  Federal prisoners or prisoners convicted and sentenced in the courts of
  the District of Columbia without the written consent of the government of
  the county in which such facility is located.
  (e) ADDITIONAL TERMS AND CONDITIONS- The Secretary may require such
  additional terms and conditions in connection with the conveyance pursuant
  to this section as the Secretary determines appropriate to protect the
  interests of the United States.
DIVISION C--DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY NATIONAL SECURITY AUTHORIZATIONS AND OTHER
AUTHORIZATIONS
TITLE XXXI--DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY NATIONAL SECURITY PROGRAMS
Part A--National Security Programs Authorizations
SEC. 3101. OPERATING EXPENSES
  Funds are authorized to be appropriated to the Department of Energy for
  fiscal year 1991 for operating expenses incurred in carrying out national
  security programs (including scientific research and development in support
  of the Armed Forces, strategic and critical materials necessary for the
  common defense, and military applications of nuclear energy and related
  management and support activities) as follows:
  (1) For weapons activities, $3,750,512,000, to be allocated as follows:
  (A) For research and development, $1,042,775,000.
  (B) For weapons testing, $481,711,000.
  (C) For production and surveillance, $2,131,311,000.
  (D) For program direction, $104,715,000.
  (2) For defense nuclear materials production, $1,897,770,000, to be
  allocated as follows:
  (A) For production reactor operations, $811,457,000.
  (B) For processing of defense nuclear materials, including naval reactors
  fuel, $628,969,000, of which $66,500,000 shall be used for special isotope
  separation.
  (C) For supporting services, $292,043,000.
  (D) For uranium enrichment for naval reactors, $112,801,000.
  (E) For program direction, $42,500,000.
  (3) For environmental restoration and management of defense waste and
  transportation, $2,421,181,000, to be allocated as follows:
  (A) For environmental restoration, $811,215,000.
  (B) For corrective activities, $23,346,000. Such funds may also be used
  for plant and capital equipment.
  (C) For waste management, $1,301,599,000. Such funds may also be used for
  plant and capital equipment.
  (D) For technology development, and transportation management,
  $238,140,000. Such funds may also be used for plant and capital equipment.
  (E) For program direction, $25,495,000.
  (F) For landlord program direction, $21,386,000. Such funds may also be
  used for plant and capital equipment.
  (4) For verification and control technology, $194,684,000.
  (5) For nuclear materials safeguards and security technology development
  program, $83,434,000.
  (6) For security investigations, $65,000,000.
  (7) For new production reactors, $134,900,000.
  (8) For naval reactors development, $569,200,000.
SEC. 3102. PLANT AND CAPITAL EQUIPMENT
  Funds are authorized to be appropriated to the Department of Energy for
  fiscal year 1991 for plant and capital equipment (including maintenance,
  restoration, planning, construction, acquisition, modification of facilities,
  and the continuation of projects authorized in prior years, land acquisition
  related thereto, and acquisition and fabrication of capital equipment not
  related to construction) necessary for national security programs as follows:
  (1) For weapons activities:
  Project GPD-101, general plant projects, various locations, $27,100,000.
  Project GPD-121, general plant projects, various locations, $36,350,000.
  Project 91-D-122, Short Range Attack Missile Tactical (SRAM-T) production
  facilities, various locations, $15,000,000.
  Project 91-D-123, production assurance, transformer replacement, Kansas
  City Plant, Kansas City, Missouri, $2,600,000.
  Project 91-D-124, safeguards and security upgrades, Phase III, Mound
  Facility, Miamisburg, Ohio, $1,100,000.
  Project 91-D-126, Health Physics Calibration Facility (HPCF), Mound Plant,
  Miamisburg, Ohio, $1,000,000.
  Project 91-D-127, criticality alarm and production annunciation utility
  replacement, Rocky Flats Plant, Golden, Colorado, $6,600,000.
  Project 90-D-102, Nuclear Weapons research, development, and testing
  facilities revitalization, Phase III, various locations, $9,600,000.
  Project 90-D-126, environmental, safety, and health enhancements, various
  locations, $8,500,000.
  Project 89-D-126, environmental, safety, and health upgrade, Phase II,
  Mound Plant, Miamisburg, Ohio, $488,000.
  Project 88-D-104, safeguards and security upgrade, Phase II, Los Alamos
  National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico, $1,000,000.
  Project 88-D-105, special nuclear materials research and development
  laboratory replacement, Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New
  Mexico, $20,600,000.
  Project 88-D-106, nuclear weapons research, development, and testing
  facilities revitalization, Phase II, various locations, $72,547,000.
  Project 88-D-122, facilities capability assurance program, various locations,
  $106,806,000.
  Project 88-D-123, security enhancements, Pantex Plant, Amarillo, Texas,
  $18,244,000.
  Project 88-D-124, fire protection upgrade, various locations, $1,481,000.
  Project 88-D-125, high explosive machining facility, Pantex Plant, Amarillo,
  Texas, $8,840,000.
  Project 88-D-126, personnel radiological monitoring laboratories, various
  locations, $1,600,000.
  Project 87-D-122, short-range attack missile II (SRAM II) warhead production
  facilities, various locations, $8,634,000.
  Project 86-D-130, tritium loading facility replacement, Savannah River
  Plant, Aiken, South Carolina, $2,360,000.
  Project 85-D-105, combined device assembly facility, Nevada Test Site,
  Nevada, $4,242,000.
  (2) For materials production:
  Project GPD-146, general plant projects, various locations, $36,944,000.
  Project 91-D-143, increase 751-A electrical substation capacity, Phase I,
  Savannah River Site, South Carolina, $6,000,000.
  Project 91-D-145, new whole body counter facility, Savannah River Site,
  South Carolina, $4,350,000.
  Project 90-D-141, Idaho chemical processing plant fire protection, Idaho
  National Engineering Laboratory, Idaho, $6,000,000.
  Project 90-D-143, plutonium finishing plant fire safety and loss limitation,
  Richland, Washington, $2,500,000.
  Project 90-D-149, plantwide fire protection, Phase I, Savannah River,
  South Carolina, $49,100,000.
  Project 90-D-150, reactor safety assurance, Phase I, Savannah River,
  South Carolina, $32,600,000.
  Project 90-D-151, engineering center, Savannah River, South Carolina,
  $4,000,000.
  Project 89-D-140, additional separations safeguards, Savannah River,
  South Carolina, $16,300,000.
  Project 89-D-148, improved reactor confinement system, Savannah River,
  South Carolina, $12,800,000.
  Project 88-D-153, additional reactor safeguards, Savannah River, South
  Carolina, $1,000,000.
  Project 87-D-159, environmental, health, and safety improvements, Phases I,
  II, and III, Feed Materials Production Center, Fernald, Ohio, $14,133,000.
  Project 86-D-149, productivity retention program, Phases I, II, III,
  and IV, various locations, $61,750,000.
  Project 85-D-139, fuel processing restoration, Idaho Fuels Processing
  Facility, Idaho National Engineering Laboratory, Idaho, $87,500,000.
  Project 85-D-145, Fuel Production Facility, Savannah River Site, South
  Carolina, $8,481,000.
  (3) For defense waste and environmental restoration:
  Project 91-GPD-171, general plant projects, various locations, $50,133,000.
  Project 91-D-173, hazardous low level waste processing tanks, Savannah
  River Site, South Carolina, $5,800,000.
  Project 91-D-172, high level waste tank farm upgrade, Idaho Chemical
  Processing Plant INEL, Idaho, $13,000,000.
  Project 91-D-171, waste receiving and processing facility, Module 1,
  Richland, Washington, $2,700,000.
  Project 91-D-125, environmental, safety, and health upgrades, Phase III,
  Mound Facility, Miamisburg, Ohio, $284,000.
  Project 90-D-103, environmental, safety, and health improvements, various
  locations, $4,200,000.
  Project 90-D-125, steam plant ash disposal facilities, V-12 Plant, Oak
  Ridge, Tennessee, $6,000,000.
  Project 90-D-171, laboratory ventilation and electrical system upgrade,
  Richland, Washington, $4,100,000.
  Project 90-D-172, aging waste transfer line, Richland, Washington,
  $4,000,000.
  Project 90-D-173, B-plant canyon crane replacement, Richland, Washington,
  $4,300,000.
  Project 90-D-174, decontamination laundry facility, Richland, Washington,
  $9,900,000.
  Project 90-D-176, Transuranic (TRU) waste facility, Savannah River, South
  Carolina, $15,300,000.
  Project 90-D-177, RWMC Transgranic (TRG) waste treatment and storage
  facility, Idaho, $26,000,000.
  Project 90-D-178, TSA retrieval containment building, Idaho, $11,100,000.
  Project 89-D-172, Hanford environmental compliance, $42,460,000.
  Project 89-D-126, environment, safety, and health upgrade, Phase II,
  Mound Plant, Miamisburg, Ohio, $1,723,000.
  Project 89-D-142, reactor effluent cooling water thermal mitigation,
  Savannah River, South Carolina, $44,600,000.
  Project 89-D-173, tank farm ventilation upgrade, Richland, Washington,
  $3,400,000.
  Project 89-D-174, replacement high level waste evaporator, Savannah River,
  South Carolina, $11,330,000.
  Project 89-D-175, hazardous waste/mixed waste disposal facility, Savannah
  River, South Carolina, $7,600,000.
  Project 89-D-122, production waste storage facility, safety, and loss
  limitation, Richland, Washington, $5,500,000.
  Project 89-D-141, M-area waste disposal, Savannah River, South Carolina,
  $7,500,000.
  Project 88-D-102, sanitary waste waters systems consolidated, Los Alamos
  National Laboratory, New Mexico, $3,500,000.
  Project 88-D-173, Hanford Waste Vitrification Plant (HWVP), Richland,
  Washington, $75,500,000.
  Project 87-D-159, environmental, health, and safety improvements, Phases
  I, II, III, and IV, Feed Materials Production Center, Fernald, Ohio,
  $27,586,000.
  Project 83-D-148, nonradioactive hazardous waste management, Savannah
  River, $5,000,000.
  (4) For verification and control technology:
  Project 91-D-192, foreign technology assessment center, Lawrence Livermore
  National Laboratory, Livermore, California, $2,592,000.
  Project 90-D-186, center for national security and arms control, Sandia
  National Laboratories, Albuquerque, New Mexico, $10,000,000.
  (5) For new production reactor:
  Project 88-D-154, new production reactor capacity for facility engineering
  and design, various locations, $231,300,000.
  (6) For naval reactors development:
  Project GPN-101, general plant projects, various locations, $8,600,000.
  Project 90-N-102, expended core facility dry cell project, Naval Reactors
  Facility, Idaho, $4,000,000.
  Project 90-N-103, advanced test reactor off-gas treatment system, Idaho
  National Engineering Laboratory, Idaho, $1,800,000.
  Project 90-N-104, facilities renovation, Knolls Atomic Power Laboratory,
  Niskayuna, New York, $7,900,000.
  Project 89-N-102, heat transfer test facility, Knolls Atomic Power
  Laboratory, Niskayuna, New York, $3,600,000.
  Project 88-N-102, expended core facility receiving station, Naval Reactors
  Facility, Idaho, $1,500,000.
  (7) For safeguards and security construction:
  Project GPD-186, general plant project, Central Training Academy,
  Albuquerque, New Mexico, $2,000,000.
  (8) For site management construction:
  Project 91-GPD-171, general plant projects, various locations, $13,556,000.
  Project 91-D-170, INEL transportation complex, Idaho National Engineering
  Laboratory, Idaho, $870,000.
  Project 91-D-175, 300 area electrical distribution conversion and safety
  improvements, Phase I, Richland, Washington, $900,000.
  Project 90-D-175, landlord program safety compliance, Phase I, Richland,
  Washington, $10,870,000.
  Project 89-D-171, INEL road renovation, Idaho National Engineering
  Laboratory, Idaho, $7,300,000.
  (9) For capital equipment not related to construction:
  (A) For weapons activities, $275,281,000, including $8,900,000 for the
  defense inertial confinement fusion program.
  (B) For materials production, $105,622,000.
  (C) For defense waste and environmental restoration, $119,917,000.
  (D) For verification and control technology, $9,924,000.
  (E) For nuclear safeguards and security, $5,066,000.
  (F) For naval reactors development, $55,400,000.
  (G) For new production reactors, $8,801,000.
SEC. 3103. FUNDING LIMITATIONS
  (a) FERNALD LITIGATION SETTLEMENT- Of the funds authorized to be appropriated
  to the Department of Energy for fiscal year 1991 for operating expenses,
  not more than $20,500,000 may be used to pay the second installment of the
  settlement entered into by the Department of Energy in the case of In re:
  Fernald Litigation No. C-1-85-149, United States District Court, for the
  Southern District of Ohio.
  (b) INERTIAL CONFINEMENT FUSION- Funds appropriated to the Department of
  Energy for fiscal year 1991 for atomic energy defense activities may not be
  reprogrammed during fiscal year 1991 under section 3121 if the reprogramming
  would reduce the amount made available for the Department of Energy for
  the defense inertial confinement fusion program for fiscal year 1991.
  (c) SPECIAL ISOTOPE SEPARATION PROJECT- The funds authorized for Special
  Isotope Separation shall be used for program phaseout only.
Part B--General Provisions
SEC. 3121. REPROGRAMMING
  (a) NOTICE TO CONGRESS- (1) Except as otherwise provided in this title--
  (A) no amount appropriated pursuant to this title may be used for any
  program in excess of the lesser of--
  (i) 105 percent of the amount authorized for that program by this title; or
  (ii) $10,000,000 more than the amount authorized for that program by this
  title; and
  (B) no amount appropriated pursuant to this title may be used for any
  program which has not been presented to, or requested of, the Congress.
  (2) An action described in paragraph (1) may be taken after a period of
  30 calendar days (not including any day on which either House of Congress
  is not in session because of adjournment of more than three calendar days
  to a day certain) has passed after receipt by the Committees on Armed
  Services and the Committees on Appropriations of the Senate and House
  of Representatives of notice from the Secretary of Energy (hereafter in
  this title referred to as the `Secretary') containing a full and complete
  statement of the action proposed to be taken and the facts and circumstances
  relied upon in support of such proposed action.
  (b) LIMITATION ON AMOUNT OBLIGATED- In no event may the total amount of
  funds obligated pursuant to this title exceed the total amount authorized
  to be appropriated by this title.
SEC. 3122. LIMITS ON GENERAL PLANT PROJECTS
  (a) IN GENERAL- The Secretary may carry out any construction project under
  the general plant projects provisions authorized by this title if the
  total estimated cost of the construction project does not exceed $1,200,000.
  (b) REPORT TO CONGRESS- If at any time during the construction of any
  general plant project authorized by this title, the estimated cost of the
  project is revised because of unforeseen cost variations and the revised
  cost of the project exceeds $1,200,000, the Secretary shall immediately
  furnish a complete report to the Committees on Armed Services and on the
  Committees on Appropriations of the Senate and House of Representatives
  explaining the reasons for the cost variation.
SEC. 3123. LIMITS ON CONSTRUCTION PROJECTS
  (a) IN GENERAL- (1) Except as provided in paragraph (2), construction
  on a construction project may not be started or additional obligations
  incurred in connection with the project above the total estimated cost,
  whenever the current estimated cost of the construction project, which
  is authorized by section 3102 of this title, or which is in support of
  national security programs of the Department of Energy and was authorized
  by any previous Act, exceeds by more than 25 percent the higher of--
  (A) the amount authorized for the project; or
  (B) the amount of the total estimated cost for the project as shown in
  the most recent budget justification data submitted to Congress.
  (2) An action described in paragraph (1) may be taken after a period of
  30 calendar days (not including any day on which either House of Congress
  is not in session because of adjournment of more than three calendar days
  to a day certain) has passed after receipt by the Committees on Armed
  Services and the Committees on Appropriations of the Senate and House of
  Representatives of notice from the Secretary of Energy containing a full
  and complete statement of the action proposed to be taken and the facts
  and circumstances relied upon in support of such proposed action.
  (b) EXCEPTION- Subsection (a) shall not apply to any construction project
  which has a current estimated cost of less than $5,000,000.
SEC. 3124. FUND TRANSFER AUTHORITY
  (a) IN GENERAL- Funds appropriated pursuant to this title may be transferred
  to other agencies of the Government for the performance of the work for
  which the funds were appropriated, and funds so transferred may be merged
  with the appropriations of the agency to which the funds are transferred.
  (b) INERTIAL CONFINEMENT FUSION PROGRAMS- The Secretary of Defense may
  transfer to the Secretary of Energy, out of any funds appropriated to the
  Department of Defense pursuant to section 3201, not more than $12,000,000
  for the inertial confinement fusion program. Funds so transferred shall
  be merged with funds appropriated to the Department of Energy national
  security programs for research and development.
SEC. 3125. AUTHORITY FOR CONSTRUCTION DESIGN
  (a) IN GENERAL- (1) Within the amounts authorized by this title for plant
  engineering and design, the Secretary may carry out advance planning and
  construction designs (including architectural and engineering services)
  in connection with any proposed construction project if the total estimated
  cost for such planning and design does not exceed $2,000,000.
  (2) In any case in which the total estimated cost for such planning and
  design exceeds $300,000, the Secretary shall notify the Committees on Armed
  Services and the Committees on Appropriations of the Senate and House of
  Representatives in writing of the details of such project at least 30 days
  before any funds are obligated for design services for such project.
  (b) SPECIFIC AUTHORITY REQUIRED- In any case in which the total estimated
  cost for advance planning and construction design in connection with any
  construction project exceeds $2,000,000, funds for such design must be
  specifically authorized by law.
SEC. 3126. AUTHORITY FOR EMERGENCY CONSTRUCTION DESIGN
  In addition to the advance planning and construction design authorized
  by section 3102, the Secretary may perform planning and design utilizing
  available funds for any Department of Energy defense activity construction
  project whenever the Secretary determines that the design must proceed
  expeditiously in order to meet the needs of national defense or to protect
  property or human life.
SEC. 3127. FUNDS AVAILABLE FOR ALL NATIONAL SECURITY PROGRAMS OF THE DEPARTMENT
OF ENERGY
  Subject to the provisions of appropriation Acts and section 3121, amounts
  appropriated pursuant to this title for management and support activities
  and for general plant projects are available for use, when necessary, in
  connection with all national security programs of the Department of Energy.
SEC. 3128. AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS
  When so specified in an appropriation Act, amounts appropriated for
  operating expenses or for plant and capital equipment may remain available
  until expended.
SEC. 3129. REMANUFACTURE OF NUCLEAR STOCKPILE WEAPONS
  (a) REPORT ON REMANUFACTURE OF NUCLEAR STOCKPILE WEAPONS- The Secretary
  of Energy, in consultation with the Secretary of Defense, shall prepare
  a report on remanufacture of nuclear stockpile weapons as specifically
  directed by Senate Report No. 101-81 of the One Hundred and First Congress
  at pages 263 and 264.
  (b) SUBMISSION OF REPORT- The Secretary of Energy shall submit the report
  in classified and unclassified versions not later than February 1, 1991.
SEC. 3130. LABORATORY-DIRECTED RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMS
  (a) AUTHORITY FOR GOCO LABORATORIES TO ENGAGE IN PROGRAMS- The Secretary
  of Energy shall prescribe regulations authorizing the government-owned
  contractor operated laboratories that are funded by the Department of Energy
  national security programs to engage in independent laboratory-directed
  research and development programs.
  (b) FUNDING- Of the funds provided by the Department of Energy to such
  laboratories for national security activities, the Secretary shall provide
  a specific amount, not to exceed 6 percent of such funds, to be used by
  such laboratories for such research and development programs.
SEC. 3130A. INERTIAL CONFINEMENT FUSION PROGRAM
  Of the funds authorized to be appropriated pursuant to section 3101(1)(A)
  $167,900,000 shall be made available for the purpose of Inertial Confinement
  Fusion.
SEC. 3130B. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY SCIENCE AND EDUCATION PROGRAMS
  (a) SHORT TITLE- This section may be cited as the `Department of Energy
  Science and Education Enhancement Act'.
  (b) FINDINGS- The Congress finds that--
  (1) scientific, technical, and engineering competence is essential to the
  Nation's future well-being;
  (2) the scientific, technical, and engineering capability at the Federal
  laboratories is unmatched throughout the world;
  (3) superb research, development, testing, and evaluation occurs in
  Department laboratories;
  (4) Department laboratories will play an increasing role in assuring that
  America remains competitive in world markets;
  (5) improvements in mathematics, science, and engineering education are
  needed desperately to provide the trained and educated citizenry essential
  to the future competitiveness of the United States;
  (6) greater effort and funding must be devoted to technology transfer from
  Department laboratories;
  (7) the ability of the Nation to fight disease and overcome human suffering
  can be greatly enhanced by fully utilizing the health research resources
  of the Department; and
  (8) Department laboratories are in a unique position to take on increased
  responsibilities in the interest of improving our Nation's competitiveness
  and our quality of life.
  (c) DEFINITIONS- For the purposes of this section--
  (1) the term `Secretary' means the Secretary of Energy; and
  (2) the term `Department' means the Department of Energy.
  (d) MISSION- Section 91(a) of the Atomic Energy Act of 1954 (42
  U.S.C. 2121(a)) is amended by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
  `(6) use the facilities, equipment, personnel, and other resources of the
  Department of Energy to the fullest extent possible to enhance educational
  opportunities in science, mathematics, and engineering for American students
  and educators so as to improve the scientific literacy and competitiveness
  of the Nation.'.
  (e) Science and Education Programs-
  (1) IN GENERAL- (A) To the extent appropriate, the Secretary may establish
  programs, to be operated at or through the support of each Department
  facility, that will use fully the unique scientific resources of the
  Department to promote--
  (i) transfers of federally owned or originated technology to State and
  local governments, private industry, and universities or other nonprofit
  organizations so that the prospects for commercialization of such technology
  are enhanced;
  (ii) activities enhancing the quality of mathematics, science, and
  engineering education throughout the Nation, so as to improve the scientific
  and technical capability and literacy of the Nation and improve the Nation's
  overall educational capability; and
  (iii) research, development, and other activities intended to enhance
  the health and quality of life of the Nation, particularly in areas that
  pertain to environmental improvement and biomedical research.
  (B) The programs described in paragraph (1) shall supplement and be
  coordinated with current activities of the Department, but shall not
  supplant them.
  (2)(A) AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS- Of the funds appropriated or otherwise made
  available to the Department of Energy for fiscal year 1991, an amount up
  to the amount described in subparagraph (B) may be made available to a
  Department of Energy laboratory for the purposes of paragraph (1).
  (B) The amount referred to in subparagraph (A) is 10 percent of the amount
  made available to such laboratory by the Department of Energy in fiscal
  year 1990.
  (f) Technology Development Program-
  (1) ESTABLISHMENT OF PROGRAM- (A) The Secretary shall establish a program
  to develop Department-originated technologies, directed at the stage of
  technology development beyond the basic research stage.
  (B) The program established pursuant to paragraph (A) shall develop
  technologies, determined by the Secretary to have significant promise
  for commercial and public benefit to the Nation, to a point where private
  industry will undertake further scientific and commercial development.
  (C)(i) The program established pursuant to paragraph (1) may be conducted
  at any Department facility and shall enhance the commercial development
  and transfer to private industry of Department-originated technologies,
  consistent with the technology transfer mission of the Department.
  (ii) As a condition for supporting specific projects, the Secretary may
  require a private sector commitment to future, wholly non-Federal funding
  of commercial development of particular technologies.
  (iii) Establishment of the program described in  paragraph (1) shall not
  preclude the Department or its facilities from continuing operation or
  support of other programs to advance technology development, but all of
  the technology development programs of the Department shall be coordinated.
  (2) AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS- Of the funds appropriated or otherwise available
  to the Department of Energy for fiscal year 1991, not more than $20,000,000
  may be obligated for the purposes of the program established pursuant to
  paragraph (1).
  (g) Laboratory Cooperative Science Centers-
  (1) IN GENERAL- The Secretary of Energy may establish Laboratory Cooperative
  Science Centers (referred to as the `Centers') at national laboratories
  operating under the authority of the Department of Energy.
  (2) FUNCTION- The Centers shall coordinate both laboratory based and
  offsite programs designed to advance the purposes of this section.
  (3) ACTIVITIES- The activities of the Centers shall include--
  (A) supporting semester-length research appointments for college and
  university science and engineering students, and faculty/student teams,
  at the Centers;
  (B) supporting research appointments for high school science teachers at
  the Centers;
  (C) supporting research apprenticeship appointments at the Centers for
  students underrepresented in science and technology careers;
  (D) supporting research experience programs at the Centers for nationally
  selected high school honor students;
  (E) supporting cost-shared projects to encourage more students to pursue
  careers in precollege science and mathematics teaching;
  (F) participating in collaborative projects with other Federal agencies
  and the private sector to further the objectives of this section;
  (G) operating precollege mathematics and science education  programs at
  the national laboratories;
  (H) establishing a museum-based science education program;
  (I) establishing collaborative inner-city and rural partnership programs
  designed to meet the special mathematics and science education needs of
  students in inner-city and rural areas; and
  (J) engaging in other activities to advance the purposes of this section.
  (2) AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS- Of the funds appropriated or otherwise  available
  to the Department of Energy for fiscal year 1991, not more than $20,000,000
  may be obligated for the purposes of the program established pursuant to
  paragraph (1).
  (h) UNIVERSITY-BASED PROGRAMS-
  (1) IN GENERAL- The Secretary may coordinate and sponsor university-based
  programs directed at encouraging more students to pursue energy-related
  scientific and technical careers, with a particular focus on the recruitment
  of women and minority students.
  (2) PREFRESHMAN ENGINEERING PROGRAM- The programs referred to in paragraph
  (1) shall include a prefreshman engineering program in which middle-school
  students attend summer workshops on mathematics, science, and engineering
  conducted by universities on their campuses.
  (3) AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS- Of the funds appropriated or otherwise available
  to the Department of Energy for fiscal year 1991, not more than $20,000,000
  may be obligated for the purposes of the program established pursuant to
  paragraph (1).
Part C--Environment, Safety, and Management
SEC. 3131. AUTHORITY TO LOAN PERSONNEL AND FACILITIES TO COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT
ORGANIZATIONS NEAR HANFORD RESERVATION
  Section 1434(c) of the National Defense Authorization Act, Fiscal Year 1989
  (Public Law 100-456; 102 Stat. 2074), is amended by striking out `1990'
  and inserting in lieu thereof `1992'.
SEC. 3132. NATIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL POLICY ACT COMPLIANCE REPORT REQUIREMENT
  (a) ENVIRONMENTAL REPORT- Not later than 30 days after the end of each
  quarter of fiscal years 1991 and 1992, the Secretary of Energy shall
  submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House
  of Representatives a brief report on the actions of the Department of
  Energy with respect to compliance with the National Environmental Policy
  Act of 1969 (42 U.S.C. 4321 et seq.). The report shall contain a brief
  description of the proposed actions to be taken by the Department of
  Energy, the environmental impact of which is not clearly insignificant,
  and a description of the actions taken or proposed to be taken by the
  Department of Energy to assess the environmental impact of the proposed
  action. If the Secretary finds that the proposed action of the Department
  of Energy will have no significant impact, the Secretary shall include
  the rationale for that determination.
  (b) SUBMISSION OF INITIAL REPORT- The Secretary shall submit the first report
  not later than February 1, 1991, for the quarter ending December 31, 1990.
SEC. 3133. SITE MANAGEMENT
  The Secretary of Energy may not transfer to any other department or agency
  of the Federal Government the authority of the Secretary with respect to
  site management, control, or oversight of environmental remediation and
  restoration activities at any Department of Energy facility. The preceding
  sentence does not prohibit or limit the authority of the Secretary
  to contract for management and operation services in connection with
  environmental remediation and restoration activities of the Department
  of Energy.
SEC. 3134. REIMBURSEMENT OF EPA OVERSIGHT EXPENSES
  (a) To the extent provided for in interagency agreements entered into
  between the Department of Energy and the Environmental Protection Agency,
  the Secretary of Energy shall reimburse the Environmental Protection Agency
  for costs necessary to ensure oversight by that agency of environmental
  response actions at Department of Energy  facilities conducted pursuant
  to section 120 of the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation,
  and Liability Act of 1980, as amended (42 U.S.C. 9620).
  (b) In addition, notwithstanding other provisions of law, the Environmental
  Protection Agency shall be provided with the reimbursable authority and full
  time equivalent ceiling to carry out such oversight activities. The funded
  full-time work years shall only be used to carry out oversight activities
  at Department of Energy facilities where interagency agreements have been
  entered into between the Environmental Protection Agency and the Department
  of Energy.
SEC. 3135. FUNDING FOR REGISTERING, MONITORING, AND NOTIFYING PERSONS
EXPOSED TO RADIONUCLIDES RELEASED FROM THE DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY HANFORD
NUCLEAR RESERVATION, HANFORD, WASHINGTON
  Of the funds authorized to be appropriated to the Department of Energy
  pursuant to this title, the Secretary of Energy shall make available to
  the State of Washington $3,000,000, and to the State of Oregon and the
  State of Idaho $1,000,000, each for the following purposes:
  (1) To implement one or more programs to register and monitor those persons
  who may have been exposed to radionuclides released from the Department
  of Energy Hanford Nuclear Reservation, Hanford, Washington, between the
  years of 1944 and 1972.
  (2) To develop procedures for notifying each such person of the potential
  adverse health effects of such exposure and of any recommended course of
  medical action regarding such adverse health effects.
Part D--International Fissile Material and Warhead Control
SEC. 3141. PRODUCTION OF PLUTONIUM AND HIGHLY ENRICHED URANIUM FOR NUCLEAR
WEAPONS AND DISPOSAL OF NUCLEAR STOCKPILES
  (a) PRODUCTION BY THE SOVIET UNION- Congress urges the President and the
  Supreme Soviet of the Soviet Union--
  (1) to cease production by the Soviet Union of plutonium;
  (2) to maintain the cessation in production by the Soviet Union of
  highly-enriched uranium for weapons that was announced on April 7, 1989.
  (b) TECHNICAL ASPECTS OF FISSILE MATERIAL MONITORING AND NUCLEAR WARHEAD
  DISMANTLEMENT- Should the President determine that future international
  agreements should provide for dismantlement of nuclear warheads and a ban
  on further production of fissile materials for weapons, then the Congress
  urges the President to seek to establish with the Soviet Union a joint
  technical working group to examine and demonstrate cooperative technical
  monitoring and inspection arrangements that could be applied to the design
  and verification of these potential provisions.
  (c) REPORT ON VERIFICATION TECHNIQUES- (1) The Secretary of Energy in
  consultation with the Secretary of Defense, and in coordination with
  the  Director of Central Intelligence, shall prepare a comprehensive
  technical report on the verification matters described in paragraph (2)
  of this subsection.
  (2) The report shall describe the on-site monitoring techniques, inspection
  arrangements, and national technical means that could be used by the United
  States to verify the actions of other nations with respect to the following:
  (A) dismantlement of nuclear warheads in the event that a future agreement
  between the United States and the Soviet Union should provide for such
  dismantlement to be carried out in a mutually verifiable manner;
  (B) a mutual United States-Soviet ban, leading to a multilateral, global ban
  on the production of additional quantities of plutonium and highly-enriched
  uranium for nuclear weapons;
  (C) the end use or ultimate disposal of any plutonium and highly enriched
  uranium recovered from the dismantlement of nuclear warheads.
  (3) In order to prepare the report required by paragraph (1) of this
  subsection, the Secretary of Energy, in coordination with the Director of
  Central Intelligence, shall establish a Technical Advisory Committee on
  Verification of Fissile Material and Nuclear Warhead Controls, composed
  of preeminent government and nongovernment experts in the fields of
  radiation detection, nondestructive examination, nuclear safeguards,
  nuclear materials production, and nuclear warhead dismantlement. This
  committee, which shall be established not later than December 31, 1990,
  shall advise the Secretaries of Energy and Defense and Director of Central
  Intelligence on the availability, utilization, and further development of
  techniques which could be applied to the verification of the prospective
  actions described in paragraph (2) of this subsection.
  (4) The report required by paragraph (1) shall be submitted to Congress not
  later than April 30, 1991. The report shall be submitted in unclassified
  form, with such classified appendices as may be necessary.
SEC. 3142. DEVELOPMENT AND DEMONSTRATION OF MEANS FOR WARHEAD DISMANTLEMENT
VERIFICATION
  The Secretary of Energy may use funds available to the Secretary for
  national security programs of the Department of Energy for fiscal year 1991
  to carry out a program to develop and demonstrate a means for verifiable
  dismantlement of nuclear warheads.
TITLE XXXII--DEFENSE NUCLEAR FACILITIES SAFETY BOARD AUTHORIZATION
SEC. 3201. AUTHORIZATION
  There are authorized to be appropriated $12,500,000 for fiscal year 1991 for
  the operation of the Defense Nuclear Facilities Safety Board, established
  under chapter 21 of the Atomic Energy Act of 1954 (42 U.S.C. 2286 et seq.).
SEC. 3202. AUTHORITY TO HIRE
  Clause (1) of section 313(b) of the Atomic Energy Act of 1954 (42
  U.S.C. 2286b(b)(1)), is amended by inserting `, subject to the provisions
  of section 161(d)' before the semicolon.
TITLE XXXIII--CIVIL DEFENSE
SEC. 3301. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS
  There is hereby authorized to be appropriated $144,117,000 for fiscal year
  1991 for the purpose of carrying out the Federal Civil Defense Act of 1950
  (50 U.S.C. App. 2251 et seq.).
TITLE XXXIV--PANAMA CANAL COMMISSION
SEC. 3401. SHORT TITLE
  This title may be referred to as the `Panama Canal Commission Authorization
  Act for Fiscal Year 1991'.
SEC. 3402. AUTHORIZATION OF EXPENDITURES
  (a) IN GENERAL- The Panama Canal Commission is authorized to make such
  expenditures within the limits of funds and borrowing authority available
  to it in accordance with law, and to make such contracts and commitments,
  without regard to fiscal year limitations, as may be necessary under the
  Panama Canal Act of 1979 (22 U.S.C. 3601 et seq.), for the operation,
  maintenance, and improvement of the Panama Canal for fiscal year 1991,
  except that not more than $52,000 for such fiscal year may be made available
  for official reception and representation expenses, of which--
  (1) not more than $12,000 may be made available for such expenses of the
  supervisory board of the Commission;
  (2) not more than $6,000 may be made available for such expenses of the
  Secretary of the Commission; and
  (3) not more than $34,000 may be made available for such expenses of the
  Administrator of the Commission.
  (b) PURCHASE OF PASSENGER MOTOR VEHICLES- Funds available to the Panama
  Canal Commission for fiscal year 1991 shall be available for the purchase
  of passenger motor vehicles (including large heavy-duty vehicles) used to
  transport personnel of the Commission across the Isthmus of Panama. Such
  vehicles may be purchased without regard to price limitations prescribed
  by law or regulation.
SEC. 3403. GENERAL PROVISIONS
  (a) PAY INCREASES- Funds for the Panama Canal Commission may be obligated for
  fiscal year 1991, notwithstanding section 1341 of title 31, United States
  Code, to the extent necessary to permit payment of such pay increases
  for officers or employees as may be authorized by administrative action
  pursuant to law which are not in excess of statutory increases granted for
  the same period in corresponding rates of compensation for other employees
  of the United States in comparable positions.
  (b) EXPENSES IN ACCORDANCE WITH LAW- Expenditures authorized under this
  title may be made only in accordance with the Panama Canal Treaties of
  1977 and any law of the United States implementing those treaties.
SEC. 3404. COMPENSATION FOR BOARD MEMBERS
  Section 1102(b) of the Panama Canal Act of 1979 (22 U.S.C. 3612(b)) is
  amended by striking out `grade GS-18 of the General Schedule under section
  5332' in the last sentence and inserting in lieu thereof `level V of the
  Executive Schedule under section 5316'.
SEC. 3405. COMPENSATION FOR DEPUTY ADMINISTRATOR AND CHIEF ENGINEERS
  Section 1104(b) of the Panama Canal Act of 1979 (22 U.S.C. 3614(b)) is
  amended by inserting before the period `, and, if eligible, the overseas
  recruitment or retention differential provided for in section 1217 of
  this Act'.
SEC. 3406. RETIREMENT
  (a) ELIGIBILITY- Section 8336(i) of title 5, United States Code, is amended--
  (1) by redesignating paragraph (3) as paragraph (4);
  (2) by inserting after paragraph (2) the following new paragraph:
  `(3) An employee of the Panama Canal Commission employed by that body
  after September 30, 1979 who is separated from the Panama Canal Commission
  before January 1, 2000, and who at the time of separation has a minimum
  of 11 years of continuous employment with the Commission (disregarding
  any break in service of 3 days or less) is entitled to an annuity if the
  employee is separated--
  `(A) involuntarily, after completing 20 years of service or after becoming
  48 years of age and completing 18 years of service if the separation is
  the result of the implementation of any provision of the Panama Canal
  Treaty of 1977 and related agreements; or
  `(B) voluntarily, after completing 23 years of service or after becoming
  48 years of age and completing 18 years of service.'; and
  (3) in paragraph (2)--
  (A) by redesignating subparagraphs (A) and (B) as clauses (i) and (ii),
  respectively;
  (B) by inserting `(A)' after `(2)'; and
  (C) by adding at the end the following new subparagraph:
  `(B) The annuity of an employee retiring under paragraph (3) of this
  subsection with respect to the period of Panama Canal service is 2 1/2
  percent of the employee's average pay multiplied by the years of that
  service.'.
SEC. 3407. AMENDMENTS TO PANAMA CANAL COMPENSATION FUND ACT OF 1988
  Section 5 of the Panama Canal Commission Compensation Fund Act of 1988
  (22 U.S.C. 3715c) is amended--
  (1) by striking out `Upon the termination of the Panama Canal Commission:';
  (2) in subsection (a)--
  (A) by striking out `The Secretary of Labor' and inserting in lieu thereof
  `Upon the termination of the Panama Canal Commission, the Secretary of
  Labor'; and
  (B) by striking out the last sentence;
  (3) in subsection (b)--
  (A) by inserting `under subsection (a)' after `Secretary of Labor'; and
  (B) by striking out `Employees Compensation'; and
  (4) by adding at the end the following new subsection:
  `(c) CONTINUITY OF THE FUND- (1) Amounts in the fund (including amounts
  transferred as a result of the final determination made under subsection
  (a)) shall be maintained by the Secretary of the Treasury, shall be made
  available for transfer to the Employees' Compensation Fund in such amounts
  as are requested by the Secretary of Labor pursuant to section 4, and may
  be discontinued only in accordance with paragraph (2).
  `(2) At such time as the Secretary of Labor certifies that no further
  liability exists for workers compensation benefits or other payments
  described in section 3(a), the Secretary of the Treasury may discontinue
  the Fund in the manner provided by law.'.
DIVISION D--NATIONAL ENERGY SECURITY
TITLE XLI--NATIONAL ENERGY SECURITY
SEC. 4101. SHORT TITLE
  This title may be cited as the `National Energy Security Act of 1990'.
SEC. 4102. FINDINGS AND PURPOSES
  (a) FINDINGS- The Congress finds that--
  (1) the United States is the leader of the free world and has world wide
  responsibilities to promote economic and political security;
  (2) the exercise of traditional responsibilities here and abroad in
  foreign policy requires that the United States be free of the risk of
  energy blackmail in times of shortages;
  (3) the level of the United States oil security is directly related to the
  level of domestic production of oil, natural gas liquids, and natural gas;
  (4) the ability of the United States to exercise its free will and to carry
  out its responsibilities as leader of the free world could be jeopardized
  by an excessive dependence on foreign oil imports;
  (5) increasing dependence on foreign oil imports has and continues to
  impose severe risks to the lives of United States service men and women
  and unacceptable costs to the national defense; and
  (6) an emergency national energy security plan should be developed and
  implemented to ensure that adequate supplies of energy shall be available
  at all times free of the threat of embargo or other foreign hostile acts.
  (b) PURPOSE- The purpose of this title is to establish an emergency national
  energy security plan designed to reduce United States dependence on foreign
  oil supplies to a level which does not pose an unacceptable threat to the
  national security.
SEC. 4103. DUTIES OF THE PRESIDENT
  (a) ESTABLISHMENT OF CEILING- There is established a national oil import
  ceiling (referred to in this title as the `ceiling level') of foreign
  crude and oil product imports at 50 percent of United States consumption.
  (b) REPORT- (1) The President shall prepare and submit an annual report to
  Congress containing a national oil security projection which shall contain a
  forecast of domestic oil and natural gas liquid demand and production, and
  imports of crude and oil product for the subsequent year. The report shall
  indicate the likelihood of foreign crude and oil product imports exceeding
  the ceiling level during the next year and the actions which the President
  will take to maintain crude and oil product imports below the ceiling level.
  (2) At the time of the budget transmitted under section 1105(a) of title
  31, United States Code, by the President to the Congress, the projection
  prepared pursuant to paragraph (1) shall be presented to Congress with a
  description of the actions which the President would take under section 4104.
SEC. 4104. NATIONAL ENERGY PRODUCTION AND SECURITY ACTION PLAN
  (a) ESTABLISHMENT OF ACTION PLAN- The President shall at all times monitor
  the level of foreign crude and oil product imports as a share of United
  States oil consumption. Upon a finding that the ceiling level has been
  exceeded for any six months within any continuous twelve month period,
  the President shall within 30 days submit an Energy Production and Security
  Action Plan (referred to in this title as the `Action Plan') to the Speaker
  of the House of Representatives and the President of the Senate. The Action
  Plan shall indicate specific actions to be taken to reduce crude and product
  imports below the ceiling level. Notwithstanding any other provision of
  law, the Action Plan shall be immediately implemented by the President upon
  enactment of a joint resolution by the Congress approving the Action Plan.
  (b) ACTION PLAN- The Energy Production and Security Action Plan shall
  include but not be limited to--
  (1) a certification by the President that the ceiling level has been
  exceeded;
  (2) a list of Federal land tracts, offshore and onshore, in order of their
  potential for oil and gas discovery, including any Federal land outside units
  of the National Park System, currently off-limits to oil and gas leasing;
  (3) a schedule for leasing the tracts identified in subparagraph (B) in
  order of their potential for oil and gas discovery, including number of
  tracts to be leased and the timing for individual lease sales;
  (4) energy conservation actions including improved fuel efficiency for
  automobiles and the development and utilization of alternative transportation
  fuels; and
  (5) production incentives for domestic oil and gas including recommendations
  on the imposition of oil import fees, royalty reductions, tax and other
  incentives for stripper well production and the production of offshore,
  frontier, and other oil produced with tertiary recovery techniques.
Passed the Senate August 4, 1990.
Attest:
Secretary.
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