Bill summaries are authored by CRS.

Shown Here:
Passed Senate amended (11/09/1989)

Transportation Employee Testing Act of 1989 - Amends the Federal Aviation Act of 1958 to direct the Administrator of the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) to establish a program requiring air carriers and foreign air carriers to conduct pre-employment, reasonable suspicion, periodic recurring, random, and post-accident testing of employees whose duties include responsibility for safety-sensitive functions for use of alcohol or a controlled substance in violation of Federal law.

Requires the Administrator to establish the same program for FAA employees. Sets forth guidelines for such program.

Prohibits such employees from serving in safety-sensitive functions unless they have completed a rehabilitation program established under FAA auspices. Prohibits such individuals from performing air transportation-related duties if they: (1) engaged in such use while on duty; (2) prior to such use had completed a rehabilitation program; (3) following a determination of such use refuse to undertake such a program; or (4) fail to complete the program.

Requires the Administrator to prescribe regulations setting forth requirements for rehabilitation programs which provide for the identification and opportunity for treatment of such employees in resolving problems with substance abuse.

Requires the Administrator to establish and maintain such a rehabilitation program for FAA employees whose duties include responsibility for flight safety operations and who need assistance in resolving substance abuse problems. Outlines the requirements of such program.

Amends the Federal Railroad Safety Act of 1970 to direct the Secretary of Transportation to issue regulations relating to alcohol and drug use in railroad operations. Outlines the requirements for test procedures for alcohol and drug use among railroad employees responsible for safety-sensitive functions.

Amends the Commercial Motor Vehicle Safety Act of 1986 to direct the Secretary to establish a program requiring motor carriers to conduct pre-employment, periodic recurring, random, and post-accident testing of commercial motor vehicle operators for use of alcohol or a controlled substance. Mandates that such program include post-accident testing of a commercial motor vehicle operator in any accident involving a commercial motor vehicle in which serious bodily injury, loss of human life, or significant property damage has occurred.

Directs the Secretary to issue regulations setting forth the requirements for a rehabilitation program for the identification and opportunity for treatment of commercial motor vehicle operators who are determined to have used alcohol or a controlled substance. Sets forth the requirements of the testing procedures. Requires the Secretary to: (1) determine appropriate sanctions against operators who are determined, as a result of such tests, to have used alcohol or a controlled substance (but who are not under the influence of alcohol or a controlled substance); (2) design and implement a pilot test program for the random testing of commercial motor vehicle operators to determine the use of alcohol or a controlled substance; (3) solicit (and select) State participation in such a program; and (4) submit a comprehensive report to the Congress setting forth the pilot program results.

Authorizes appropriations for FY 1990 for such pilot testing program.