Text: S.J.Res.150 — 101st Congress (1989-1990)All Information (Except Text)

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--S.J.Res.150--
S.J.Res.150
One Hundred First Congress of the United States of America
AT THE FIRST SESSION
Begun and held at the City of Washington on Tuesday, the third day of January,
one thousand nine hundred and eighty-nine
Joint Resolution
To designate August 1, 1989, as `Helsinki Human Rights Day'.
Whereas August 1, 1989, will be the fourteenth anniversary of the signing of
the Final Act of the Conference on Security and Cooperation in Europe (CSCE)
(hereafter in this preamble referred to as the `Helsinki accords');
Whereas on August 1, 1975, the Helsinki accords were agreed to by the
Governments of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Canada, Cyprus, Czechoslovakia,
Denmark, Finland, France, the German Democratic Republic, the Federal
Republic of Germany, Greece, the Holy See, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland,
Italy, Liechtenstein, Luxembourg, Malta, Monaco, the Netherlands, Norway,
Poland, Portugal, Romania, San Marino, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey,
the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, the United Kingdom, the United
States of America, and Yugoslavia;
Whereas the participating States have committed themselves to balanced
progress in all areas of the Helsinki accords;
Whereas the Helsinki accords recognize the inherent relationship between
respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms and the attainment of
genuine security;
Whereas the Helsinki accords express the commitment of the participating States
to `recognize the universal significance of human rights and fundamental
freedoms, respect for which is an essential factor for the peace, justice
and well-being necessary to ensure the development of friendly relations
and cooperation among themselves as among all States';
Whereas the Helsinki accords also express the commitment of the participating
States to `respect human rights and fundamental freedoms, including the freedom
of thought, conscience, religion or belief, for all without distinction as
to race, sex, language or religion';
Whereas the Helsinki accords also express the commitment of the participating
States to `promote and encourage the effective exercise of civil, political,
economic, social, cultural and other rights and freedoms all of which derive
from the inherent dignity of the human person and are essential for his free
and full development';
Whereas the Helsinki accords also express the commitment of the participating
States to `recognize and respect the freedom of the individual to profess
and practice, alone or in community with others, religion or belief acting
in accordance with the dictates of his own conscience';
Whereas the Helsinki accords also express the commitment of the participating
States on whose territory national minorities exist to `respect the right
of persons belonging to such minorities to equality before the law' and that
such States `will afford them the full opportunity for the actual enjoyment
of human rights and fundamental freedoms and will in this manner, protect
their legitimate interests in this sphere';
Whereas the Helsinki accords also express the commitment of the participating
States to `constantly respect these rights and freedoms in their mutual
relations' and that such States `will endeavor jointly and separately,
including in cooperation with the United Nations, to promote universal and
effective respect for them';
Whereas the Helsinki accords also express the commitment of the participating
States to `conform the right of the individual to know and act upon his
rights and duties in this field';
Whereas the Helsinki accords also express the commitment of the participating
States in the field of human rights and fundamental freedoms to `act in
conformity with the purposes and principles of the Charter of the United
Nations and with the Universal Declaration of Human Rights' and to `fulfill
their obligations as set forth in the international declarations and agreements
in this field, including inter alia the International Covenants on Human
Rights, by which they may be bound';
Whereas the Helsinki accords by incorporation also express the commitment of
the participating States to guarantee the right of the individual to leave
his own country and return to such country;
Whereas the Helsinki accords also express the commitment of the participating
States to `facilitate freer movement and contacts, individually and
collectively, whether privately or officially, among persons, institutions
and organizations of the participating States, and to contribute to the
solution of the humanitarian problems that arise in that connection';
Whereas the Helsinki accords also express the commitment of the participating
States to `favorably consider applications for travel with the purpose of
allowing persons to enter or leave their territory temporarily, and on a
regular basis if desired, in order to visit members of their families';
Whereas the Helsinki accords also express the commitment of the participating
States to `deal in a positive and humanitarian spirit with the applications
of persons who wish to be reunited with members of their family' and `to
deal with applications in this field as expeditiously as possible';
Whereas the Helsinki accords also express the commitments of the participating
States to `examine favorably and on the basis of humanitarian considerations
requests for exit or entry permits from persons who have decided to marry
a citizen from another participating State';
Whereas the Helsinki accords also express the commitment of the participating
States to `facilitate wider travel by their citizens for personal or
professional reasons';
Whereas the Helsinki accords also express the commitment of the participating
States to `facilitate the freer and wider dissemination of information of
all kinds, to encourage cooperation in the field of information and the
exchange of information with other countries';
Whereas all the participating States, including the Governments of the Union
of Soviet Socialist Republics, Bulgaria, Czechoslovakia, the German Democratic
Republic, Hungary, Poland, and Romania, in agreeing to the Helsinki accords,
have made a commitment to adhere to the principles of human rights and
fundamental freedoms as embodied in the Helsinki accords;
Whereas, despite some significant improvements in some of these countries,
the aforementioned Governments still have the worst performance records and
have failed to fully implement their obligations under Principle VII of the
Helsinki accords to respect human rights and fundamental freedoms, including
the freedom of thought, conscience, religion or belief, and under Basket III of
the Helsinki accords to promote free movement of people, ideas and information;
Whereas representatives from the signatory States convened in Vienna on
November 4, 1986, to review implementation and address issues of compliance
with the human rights and humanitarian provisions of the Helsinki accords;
Whereas representatives from the signatory States reached consensus on the
Concluding Document of the Vienna Meeting on January 19, 1989, a document
which has added clarity and precision to the obligations undertaken by the
States in signing the Helsinki accords; and
Whereas by agreeing to the document, the signatory States `reaffirmed their
commitment to the CSCE process and underlined its essential role in increasing
confidence, in opening up new ways for cooperation, in promoting respect for
human rights and fundamental freedoms and thus strengthening international
security': Now, therefore, be it
 Resolved by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States
 of America in Congress assembled, That--
 (1) August 1, 1989, the fourteenth anniversary of the signing of the Final Act
 on the Conference on Security and Cooperation in Europe (hereinafter referred
 to as the `Helsinki accords') is designated as `Helsinki Human Rights Day';
 (2) the President is authorized and requested to issue a proclamation
 reasserting the American commitment to full implementation of the human
 rights and humanitarian provisions of the Helsinki accords, urging all
 signatory nations to abide by their obligations under the Helsinki accords,
 and encouraging the people of the United States to join the President and
 Congress in observance of the Helsinki Human Rights Day with appropriate
 programs, ceremonies, and activities;
 (3) the President is further requested to continue his efforts to achieve
 full implementation of the human rights and humanitarian provisions of the
 Helsinki accords by raising the issue of noncompliance on the part of any
 signatory nation which may be in violation (in particular, the Governments of
 the Soviet Union, Bulgaria, Czechoslovakia, the German Democratic Republic,
 Hungary, Poland, and Romania);
 (4) the President is further requested to convey to all signatories of the
 Helsinki accords that respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms is
 a vital element of further progress in the ongoing Helsinki process; and
 (5) the President is authorized to convey to allies and friends of the United
 States that unity on the question of respect for human rights and fundamental
 freedoms is an essential means of promoting the full implementation of the
 human rights and humanitarian provisions of the Helsinki accords.
 SEC. 2. The Secretary of the Senate is directed to transmit copies of
 this joint resolution to the President, the Secretary of State, and the
 Ambassadors of the thirty-four Helsinki signatory nations.
Speaker of the House of Representatives.
Vice President of the United States and
President of the Senate.tes of America in Congress assembled, That--
 (1) August 1, 1989, the fourteenth anniversary of the signing of the Final
 Act on the Conference on Security and Cooperation in Europe (hereinafter
 referred to as the `Helsinki accords'

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