Text: S.J.Res.339 — 101st Congress (1989-1990)All Information (Except Text)

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--S.J.Res.339--
S.J.Res.339
One Hundred First Congress of the United States of America
AT THE SECOND SESSION
Begun and held at the City of Washington on Tuesday, the twenty-third day
of January,
one thousand nine hundred and ninety
Joint Resolution
To designate August 1, 1990, as `Helsinki Human Rights Day'.
Whereas August 1, 1990, is the fifteenth anniversary of the signing of the
Final Act of the Conference on Security and Cooperation in Europe (CSCE)
(hereafter in this preamble referred to as the `Helsinki accords');
Whereas on August 1, 1975, the Helsinki accords were agreed to by the
Governments of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Canada, Cyprus, Czechoslovakia,
Denmark, Finland, France, the German Democratic Republic, the Federal
Republic of Germany, Greece, the Holy See, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland,
Italy, Liechtenstein, Luxembourg, Malta, Monaco, the Netherlands, Norway,
Poland, Portugal, Romania, San Marino, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey,
the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, the United Kingdom, the United
States of America, and Yugoslavia;
Whereas the participating States have committed themselves to balanced
progress in all areas of the Helsinki accords;
Whereas the Helsinki accords recognize the inherent relationship between
respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms and the attainment of
genuine security;
Whereas the Helsinki accords also express the commitment of the participating
States to `respect human rights and fundamental freedoms, including the freedom
of thought, conscience, religion or belief, for all without distinction as
to race, sex, language or religion';
Whereas the Helsinki accords also express the commitment of the participating
States to guarantee the effective exercise of human rights and fundamental
freedoms which derive from the inherent dignity of humanity and are essential
for the free and full development of that dignity;
Whereas the participating States have committed themselves to `protect and
create the conditions for the promotion of the ethnic, cultural, linguistic
and religious identity of national minorities on their territory,' as well
as to `respect the free exercise of rights by persons belonging to such
minorities and ensure their full equality with others';
Whereas the Helsinki accords also express the commitment of the participating
States in the field of human rights and fundamental freedoms to `act in
conformity with the purposes and principles of the Charter of the United
Nations and with the Universal Declaration of Human Rights' and to `fulfill
their obligations as set forth in the international declarations and agreements
in this field, including inter alia International Covenants on Human Rights,
by which they may be bound';
Whereas the participating States have committed themselves to `ensure that
their laws, regulations, practices and policies conform with their obligations
under international law and are brought into harmony with the provisions of
the Declaration of Principles and other CSCE commitments';
Whereas the participating States have committed themselves to `respect the
equal rights of peoples and their right to self-determination, acting at all
times in conformity with the purposes and principles of the Charter of the
United Nations and with the relevant norms of international law, including
those relating to territorial integrity of States';
Whereas the participating States have recognized that respect for human
rights is an essential aspect for the protection of the environment and for
economic prosperity;
Whereas the participating States have committed themselves to respect fully
the right of everyone to leave any country, including their own, and to
return to their country;
Whereas the participating States have made it their aim to `facilitate freer
movement and contacts, individually and collectively, whether privately or
officially, among persons, institutions and organizations of the participating
States, and to contribute to the solution of the humanitarian problems that
arise in that connection';
Whereas the Helsinki accords also express the commitment of the participating
States to `facilitate the freer and wider dissemination of information of
all kinds, to encourage cooperation in the field of information and the
exchange of information with other countries';
Whereas the dramatic changes which have occurred within the last year in
many signatory States have brought the human rights promises of Helsinki
closer to fruition;
Whereas, despite significant improvements, all participating States have not
yet fully implemented their obligations under Principle VII of the Helsinki
accords to respect human rights and fundamental freedoms, including the
freedom of thought, conscience, religion or belief, and under Basket III of
the Helsinki accords to promote free movement of people, ideas and information;
Whereas on January 19, 1989, representatives from the signatory States agreed
on the Concluding Document of the Vienna Follow-Up Meeting, a document which
has added clarity and precision to the obligations undertaken by the States
in signing the Helsinki accords;
Whereas by agreeing to the Concluding Document, the signatory States
`reaffirmed their commitment to the CSCE process and underlined its essential
role in increasing confidence, in opening up new ways for cooperation,
in promoting respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms and thus
strengthening international security';
Whereas the Conference on Security and Cooperation in Europe of the thirty-five
signatory States of the Helsinki accords has made major contributions to the
positive developments in Eastern and Central Europe, including greater respect
for the human rights and fundamental freedoms of individuals and groups; and
Whereas the Conference on Security and Cooperation in Europe provides an
excellent framework for the further development of genuine security and
cooperation among the participating States: Now, therefore, be it
 Resolved by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States
 of America in Congress assembled, That--
 (1) August 1, 1990, the fifteenth anniversary of the signing of the Final Act
 of the Conference on Security and Cooperation in Europe (hereinafter referred
 to as the `Helsinki accords') is designated as `Helsinki Human Rights Day';
 (2) the President is authorized and requested to issue a proclamation
 reasserting the American commitment to full implementation of the human
 rights and humanitarian provisions of the Helsinki accords, urging all
 signatory nations to abide by their obligations under the Helsinki accords,
 and encouraging the people of the United States to join the President and
 Congress in observance of the Helsinki Human Rights Day with appropriate
 programs, ceremonies, and activities;
 (3) the President is further requested to continue his efforts to achieve
 full implementation of the human rights and humanitarian provisions of the
 Helsinki accords by raising the issue of noncompliance on the part of any
 signatory nation which may be in violation;
 (4) the President is further requested to convey to all signatories of the
 Helsinki accords that respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms is
 a vital element of further progress in the ongoing Helsinki process; and
 (5) the President is further requested, in view of the considerable progress
 made to date, to develop new proposals to advance the human rights objectives
 of the Helsinki process, and in so doing address the major problems that
 remain, including the question of self-determination of peoples.
 SEC. 2. The Secretary of the Senate is directed to transmit copies of
 this joint resolution to the President, the Secretary of State, and the
 Ambassadors of the thirty-four Helsinki signatory nations.
Speaker of the House of Representatives.
Vice President of the United States and
President of the Senate.

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