Text: H.R.1175 — 102nd Congress (1991-1992)All Information (Except Text)

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HR 1175 RH
102d CONGRESS
1st Session
 H. R. 1175
[Report No. 102-16, Part I]
To authorize supplemental appropriations for fiscal year 1991 in connection
with operations in and around the Persian Gulf presently known as Operation
Desert Shield/Storm, and for other purposes.
IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES
February 28, 1991
Mr. ASPIN (for himself and Mr. DICKINSON) (by request) introduced the
following bill; which was referred to the Committee on Armed Services
March 7, 1991
Reported with amendments and referred to the Committee on Appropriations for
a period not to exceed 15 legislative days, with instructions to report back
to the House as provided in section 401(b) of Public Law 93-344
[Strike out all after the enacting clause and insert the part printed
in italic]
[For text of introduced bill, see copy of bill as introduced on February
28, 1991]
A BILL
To authorize supplemental appropriations for fiscal year 1991 in connection
with operations in and around the Persian Gulf presently known as Operation
Desert Shield/Storm, and for other purposes.
  Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United
  States of America in Congress assembled,
SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE.
  This Act may be cited as the `National Defense Supplemental Authorization
  Act for Fiscal Year 1991'.
SEC. 2. DEFINITIONS.
  For the purposes of this Act:
  (1) The term `Operation Desert Storm' means operations of United States
  Armed Forces conducted as a consequence of the invasion of Kuwait by Iraq
  (including operations known as Operation Desert Shield and Operation
  Desert Storm).
  (2) The term `congressional defense committees' has the meaning given that
  term in section 3 of Public Law 101-510.
SEC. 3. COST ESTIMATE.
  The applicable cost estimate of this Act for all purposes of sections 252
  and 253 of the Balanced Budget and Emergency Deficit Control Act of 1985
  shall be as follows:
  (1) For fiscal year 1991, increase in outlays of $0.
  (2) For fiscal year 1992, increase in outlays of $213,000,000.
  (3) For fiscal year 1993, increase in outlays of $257,000,000.
  (4) For fiscal year 1994, increase in outlays of $258,000,000.
  (5) For fiscal year 1995, increase in outlays of $243,000,000.
SEC. 4. CONSTRUCTION WITH PUBLIC LAW 101-510.
  Any authorization of appropriations, or authorization of the transfer
  of authorizations of appropriations, made by this Act is in addition
  the authorization of appropriations or the authority to make transfers
  provided in the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1991
  (Public Law 101-510).
TITLE I--AUTHORIZATION OF FISCAL YEAR 1991 SUPPLEMENTAL APPROPRIATIONS FOR
OPERATION DESERT STORM.
SEC. 101. FUNDS IN THE DEFENSE COOPERATION ACCOUNT.
  (a) AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATION- During fiscal year 1991, there is
  authorized to be appropriated to the Deparment of Defense current and future
  balances in the Defense Cooperation Account established under section 2608
  of title 10, United States Code.
  (b) USE OF FUNDS- Amounts appropriated pursuant to subsection (a) may be
  used only for--
  (1) incremental costs associated with Operation Desert Storm in accordance
  with section 103; and
  (2) replenishment of the working capital account created under section 102.
SEC. 102. PERSIAN GULF WORKING CAPITAL ACCOUNT.
  (a) ESTABLISHMENT OF ACCOUNT- There is established in the Treasury of the
  United States a working capital account for the Department of Defense to
  be known as the `Persian Gulf Working Capital Account'.
  (b) AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS- During fiscal year 1991, there is
  authorized to be appropriated to the Persian Gulf Working Capital Account
  the sum of $15,000,000,000.
  (c) USE OF FUNDS- Funds appropriated pursuant to subsection (b) shall be
  available only for transfer under section 103 for the incremental costs
  associated with Operation Desert Storm. Such funds may be used for that
  purpose only to the extent that funds are not available in the Defense
  Cooperation Account for transfer for such incremental costs.
  (d) REPLENISHMENT OF ACCOUNT- Amounts transferred from the Persian Gulf
  Working Capital Account shall be replenished from funds available in the
  Defense Cooperation Account to the extent that funds are available in the
  Defense Cooperation Account. Whenever the balance in the working capital
  account is less than the amount appropriated to that account pursuant to this
  section, the Secretary shall transfer from the Defense Cooperation Accout
  such funds as become available to the account to replenish the working
  capital account before making any transfer of such funds under section 103.
  (e) REVERSION OF BALANCE UPON TERMINATION OF ACCOUNT- Any balance in the
  Persian Gulf Working Capital Account at the time of the termination of
  the account shall revert to the general fund of the Treasury.
SEC. 103. TRANSFERS TO REGULAR DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE ACCOUNTS.
  (a) TRANSFER AUTHORITY- Amounts appropriated from the Defense Cooperation
  Account pursuant to section 101 and amounts appropriated to the Persian
  Gulf Working Capital Account pursuant to section 102 are authorized to
  be transferred to appropriation accounts of the Department of Defense as
  necessary to meet incremental costs associated with Operation Desert Storm.
  (b) MERGER WITH ACCOUNTS TO WHICH TRANSFERRED- Any amount so transferred
  shall be merged with, and shall be available for the same time period and
  the same purpose as, the account to which transferred.
SEC. 104. ADDITIONAL TRANSFER AUTHORITY.
  The transfer authority provided in section 1401 of Public Law 101-510 is
  hereby increased by the amount of such transfers as the Secretary of Defense
  makes pursuant to law (other than Public Law 101-511) to make adjustments
  among fiscal year 1991 Military Personnel accounts and Operations and
  Maintenance accounts due to incremental costs associated with Operation
  Desert Storm.
SEC. 105. NOTICE TO CONGRESS OF TRANSFERS.
  (a) NOTICE-AND-WAIT- A transfer may not be made under section 103 or
  section 104 until the seventh day after the congressional defense committees
  receive a report with respect to that transfer under subsection (b).
  (b) CONTENT OF REPORT- A report under subsection (a) shall include the
  following:
  (1) A certification by the Secretary of Defense that the amount or amounts
  proposed to be transferred will be used only for incremental costs associated
  with Operation Desert Storm that are incurred during fiscal year 1991.
  (2) A statement of each account to which the transfer is proposed to be
  made and the amount proposed to be transferred to such account.
  (3) A description of the programs, projects, and activities for which
  funds proposed to be transferred are proposed to be used.
  (4) In the case of a transfer from the working capital account established
  under section 102, an explanation of the reasons why funds are not available
  in the Defense Cooperation Account for such transfer.
SEC. 106. MONTHLY REPORTS ON TRANSFERS.
  Not later than seven days after the end of each month of fiscal years 1991
  and 1992, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the congressional defense
  committees a detailed report on the cumulative total amount of the transfers
  made under the authority of this title through the end of that month.
SEC. 107. MONTHLY REPORTS ON COSTS AND FOREIGN CONTRIBUTIONS.
  The provisions of H.R. 586 of the 102d Congress, as passed the House of
  Representatives on February 21, 1991, are hereby enacted into law.
SEC. 108. DEFINITION.
  For purposes of this title, the term `incremental costs associated with
  Operation Desert Storm' means costs referred to in section 251(b)(2)(D)(ii)
  of the Balanced Budget and Emergency Deficit Control Act of 1985 (2
  U.S.C. 901(b))(2)(D)(ii)).
TITLE II--MILITARY PERSONNEL AND COMPENSATION MATTERS
SEC. 201. SHORT TITLE.
  This title may be cited as the `Persian Gulf Conflict Military Personnel
  Policy Act of 1991'.
SEC. 202. PERSIAN GULF CONFLICT DEFINED.
  For purposes of this title, the term `Persian Gulf conflict' means United
  States military activities (including military activities conducted under the
  name Operation Desert Shield and Operation Desert Storm) conducted during
  the period beginning on August 2, 1990, and ending on the date thereafter
  prescribed by Presidential proclamation or by law as a consequence of the
  invasion of Kuwait by military forces of the Government of Iraq.
Part A--Military Personnel Authorizations
SEC. 211. INCREASED END STRENGTH FLEXIBILITY FOR FISCAL YEAR 1991.
  (a) AUTHORITY- The Secretary of Defense may, subject to subsection (b),
  increase the military personnel end strengths authorized for fiscal year
  1991 by sections 401, 411, and 412 of the National Defense Authorization Act
  for Fiscal Year 1991 (Public Law 101-510) in such manner as the Secretary
  determines necessary to meet the operational requirements of operations
  in and around the Persian Gulf carried out in response to the invasion of
  Kuwait by Iraq (including operations known as Operation Desert Shield and
  Operation Desert Storm).
  (b) FINDING AND CERTIFICATION- The Secretary may only exercise the authority
  provided in subsection (a) if the Secretary--
  (1) determines--
  (A) in the case of an increase in the end strengths prescribed by section
  401 or 412 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1991
  (Public Law 101-510), that the operational requirements of operations
  described in subsection (a) require an increase in end strengths for members
  of the Armed Forces serving on active duty (in the case of an increase in
  the end strengths prescribed by section 401) or in support of the Reserves
  (in the case of an increase in the end strengths prescribed by section 412)
  in excess of the increase authorized by section 115(c)(1) of title 10,
  United States Code; or
  (B) in the case of an increase in the end strengths prescribed by section
  411 of such Act, that the operational requirements of operations described
  in subsection (a) require such an increase; and
  (2) certifies in writing to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate
  and House of Representatives that the exercise of the authority provided
  by subsection (a) is necessary to meet the operational requirements of
  operations described in that subsection.
  (c) REPEAL- Section 1117 of the National Defense Authorization Act for
  Fiscal Year 1991 (Public Law 101-510; 104 Stat. 1637) is repealed.
SEC. 212. RELIEF FROM STRENGTH CEILINGS APPLICABLE TO SENIOR ENLISTED GRADES.
  During the Persian Gulf conflict, the President may suspend the operation
  of section 517 of title 10, United States Code. So long as the Persian Gulf
  conflict continues, any such suspension may be extended by the President. Any
  such suspension shall, if not sooner ended or extended, end on the last
  day of the two-year period beginning on the date on which the suspension
  (or the last extension thereof) takes effect or on the last day of the
  one-year period beginning on the date of the termination of the war or
  national emergency, whichever occurs first. With respect to the end of any
  such suspension, the preceding sentence supersedes the provisions of title
  II of the National Emergencies Act (50 U.S.C. 1621-1622) which provide that
  powers or authorities exercised by reason of a national emergency shall
  cease to be exercised after the date of the termination of the emergency.
Part B--Pay and Allowances
SEC. 221. REPEAL OF WARTIME AND NATIONAL EMERGENCY PROHIBITIONS ON THE
PAYMENT OF CERTAIN PAY AND ALLOWANCES.
  (a) IMMINENT DANGER PAY- Section 310(a) of title 37, United States Code,
  is amended by striking out `Except in time of war declared by Congress,
  and under' and inserting in lieu thereof `Under'.
  (b) FAMILY SEPARATION ALLOWANCE- Section 427(b)(1) of title 37, United
  States Code, is amended by striking out `Except in time of war or of
  national emergency hereafter declared by Congress, and in' and inserting
  in lieu thereof `In'.
  (c) EFFECTIVE DATE- The amendments made by this section shall take effect
  as of January 16, 1991.
SEC. 222. INCREASE IN IMMINENT DANGER PAY.
  (a) INCREASE- Section 310(a) of title 37, United States Code (as amended
  by section 221), is further amended by striking out `lowest rate for
  hazardous duty incentive pay specified in section 301(c)(1) of this title'
  and inserting in lieu thereof `rate of $150'.
  (b) EFFECTIVE DATE- The amendment made by this section shall take effect
  as of January 16, 1991.
SEC. 223. INCREASE IN FAMILY SEPARATION ALLOWANCE AND EXPANSION OF ELIGIBILITY
REQUIREMENTS.
  (a) INCREASE IN AMOUNT- Section 427(b)(1) of title 37, United States Code
  (as amended by section 221), is further amended by striking out `$60'
  and inserting in lieu thereof `$75'.
  (b) EXTENSION OF ALLOWANCE TO MILITARY COUPLES WITHOUT DEPENDENTS- Section
  421 of such title is amended--
  (1) by striking out `A member' and inserting in lieu thereof the following:
  `(a) INCREASED ALLOWANCE PROHIBITED- Except as provided in subsection (b),
  a member'; and
  (2) by adding at the end the following new subsection:
  `(b) EXCEPTION FOR FAMILY SEPARATION PAY- If a husband and wife are both
  members of a uniformed service and have no other dependents, subsection (a)
  shall not apply for the purpose of determining the entitlement of only one
  of those members to a monthly allowance under section 427(b) of this title.'.
  (c) CLERICAL AMENDMENTS- Section 427 of such title is further amended--
  (1) by inserting `ALLOWANCE BASED ON BASIC ALLOWANCE OF QUARTERS- ' after
  `(a)'; and
  (2) by inserting `ADDITIONAL SEPARATION ALLOWANCE- ' after `(b)'.
  (d) EFFECTIVE DATE- The amendments made by this section shall take effect
  as of January 16, 1991.
SEC. 224. BASIC ALLOWANCE FOR QUARTERS FOR CERTAIN MEMBERS OF RESERVE
COMPONENTS WITHOUT DEPENDENTS.
  (a) IN GENERAL- A member of a reserve component of the uniformed services
  without dependents who is called or ordered to active duty in connection
  with the Persian Gulf conflict may not be denied under subsection (c)
  of section 403 of title 37, United States Code, a basic allowance for
  quarters under that section if, because of the call or order, the member
  is unable to continue to occupy a residence--
  (1) which is maintained as the primary residence of the member at the time
  of the call or order; and
  (2) which is owned by the member or for which the member is responsible
  for rental payments.
  (b) EFFECTIVE DATE- This section shall take effect as of August 2, 1990.
SEC. 225. USE OF HOME OF RECORD FOR DETERMINATION OF VARIABLE HOUSING
ALLOWANCE FOR RESERVISTS.
  In the case of a member of a reserve component of the uniformed services
  who is called or ordered to active duty in connection with the Persian Gulf
  conflict, the home of record of the member shall be used for the purpose of
  determining any variable housing allowance under section 403a of title 37,
  United States Code, to which the member is entitled.
SEC. 226. MEDICAL, DENTAL, AND NONPHYSICIAN SPECIAL PAYS FOR RESERVE,
RECALLED, OR RETAINED HEALTH CARE OFFICERS.
  (a) ELIGIBLE FOR SPECIAL PAY- A health care officer described in subsection
  (b) shall be eligible for special pay under section 302, 302a, 302b,
  302c, 302e, or 303 of title 37, United States Code (whichever applies),
  notwithstanding any requirement in those sections that--
  (1) the call or order of the officer to active duty be for a period of
  not less than one year; or
  (2) the officer execute a written agreement to remain on active duty for
  a period of not less than one year.
  (b) HEALTH CARE OFFICERS DESCRIBED- A health care officer referred to in
  subsection (a) is an officer of the Armed Forces who is otherwise eligible
  for special pay under section 302, 302a, 302b, 302c, 302e, or 303 of title
  37, United States Code, and who--
  (1) is a reserve officer on active duty under a call or order to active
  duty for a period of less than one year in connection with the Persian
  Gulf conflict;
  (2) is involuntarily retained on active duty under section 673c of title
  10, United States Code, or is recalled to active duty under section 688
  of that title, in connection with the Persian Gulf conflict; or
  (3) voluntarily agrees to remain on active duty for a period of less than
  one year in connection with the Persian Gulf conflict.
  (c) MONTHLY PAYMENTS- Payment of special pay pursuant to this section may
  be made on a monthly basis. If the service on active duty of an officer
  referred to in subsection (a) or (b) is terminated before the end of the
  period for which a payment is made under that subsection to the officer,
  the officer is entitled to special pay under section 302, 302a, 302b,
  302c, 302e, or 303 of title 37, United States Code (whichever applies),
  only for the portion of that period that the officer actually served on
  active duty. The officer shall refund any amount received in excess of
  the amount that corresponds to the period of active duty of the officer.
  (d) SPECIAL RULE FOR RESERVE MEDICAL OFFICER- While a reserve medical
  officer receives a special pay under section 302 of title 37, United States
  Code, by operation of subsection (a), the officer shall not be entitled
  to special pay under subsection (h) of that section.
  (e) EFFECTIVE DATE- This section shall take effect as of November 5, 1990.
SEC. 227. WAIVER OF EXCEPTION TO BOARD CERTIFICATION REQUIREMENTS.
  (a) WAIVER REQUIRED- The Secretary of Defense shall waive board certification
  requirements specified in sections 302(a)(5), 302b(a)(5), 302c(c)(3),
  302c(d)(4) of title 37, United States Code, in the case of a member of
  the Armed Forces who--
  (1) is a medical or dental officer or a nonphysician health care provider;
  (2) has completed required residency training; and
  (3) is determined by the Secretary to be unable to schedule or complete a
  certification or recertification process because of a duty assignment in
  connection with the Persian Gulf conflict.
  (b) TERMINATION- A waiver provided under this section shall terminate 180
  days after the later of--
  (1) the end of the Persian Gulf conflict; and
  (2) the end of the member's duty assignment in connection with the Persian
  Gulf conflict.
  (c) EFFECTIVE DATE- This section shall take effect as of November 5, 1990.
SEC. 228. FOREIGN LANGUAGE PROFICIENCY PAY.
  (a) SPECIAL PAY AUTHORIZED- Subsection (a)(2) of section 316 of title 37,
  United States Code, shall not apply to prohibit the payment of foreign
  language proficiency pay under that section to a member of the Armed Forces
  on active duty who is assigned to duty in connection with the Persian Gulf
  conflict and who is otherwise eligible for special pay under that section.
  (b) EFFECTIVE DATE- This section shall take effect as of August 2, 1990.
SEC. 229. FOREIGN DUTY PAY.
  (a) AMOUNT OF SPECIAL PAY- In lieu of the monthly rates of special pay
  specified under section 305(a) of title 37, United States Code, an enlisted
  member of a uniformed service who serves on active duty in a combat zone
  in connection with the Persian Gulf conflict during any part of a month
  is entitled to special pay under that section equal to $25 for that month.
  (b) EXCEPTION FOR MEMBERS RECEIVING CAREER SEA PAY- Subsection (a) shall
  not apply in the case of a member of a uniformed service entitled to
  special pay under section 305a of title 37, United States Code.
  (c) COMBAT ZONE DEFINED- For purposes of this section, the term `combat
  zone' means an area designated by the President as a combat zone under
  section 112 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 (26 U.S.C. 112).
  (d) EFFECTIVE DATE- This section shall take effect as of January 16, 1991.
Part C--Deceased and Missing Members
SEC. 231. INCREASE IN AMOUNT OF DEATH GRATUITY.
  (a) IN GENERAL- Subsection (a) of section 1478 of title 10, United States
  Code, is amended by striking out `equal to six months' pay' and all that
  follows through the period in the first sentence and inserting in lieu
  thereof `$6,000.'.
  (b) EFFECTIVE DATE- The amendment made by this section shall take effect
  as of August 2, 1990.
SEC. 232. REMOVAL OF LIMITATION ON THE ACCRUAL OF SAVINGS OF MEMBERS IN A
MISSING STATUS.
  (a) ADDITION OF PERSIAN GULF CONFLICT- Subsection (b) of section 1035 of
  title 10, United States Code, is amended--
  (1) by inserting before the period in the second sentence the following:
  `or during the Persian Gulf conflict'; and
  (2) in the last sentence, by striking out `the date designated' and all that
  follows through the period and inserting in lieu thereof the following:
  `May 7, 1975, and the Persian Gulf conflict begins on January 16, 1991,
  and ends on the date thereafter prescribed by Presidential proclamation
  or by law.'.
  (b) MISSING STATUS DEFINED- Such section is further amended by adding at
  the end the following new subsection:
  `(f) In this section, the term `missing status' has the meaning given such
  term in section 551(2) of title 37.'.
  (c) CONFORMING AMENDMENTS- Such section is further amended--
  (1) in subsection (b), by striking out `, as defined in section 551(2)
  of title 37,'; and
  (2) in subsection (e), by striking out `(as defined in section 551(2)
  of title 37)'.
Part D--Other Personnel Matters
SEC. 241. LIMITATION ON THE SEPARATION OF CERTAIN MEMBERS FROM THEIR INFANT
CHILDREN.
  (a) PROHIBITION- (1) Chapter 41 of title 10, United States Code, is amended
  by inserting after section 717 the following new section:
`Sec. 718. Members with infant children: limitation on duty and assignments
  `(a) FEMALE MEMBERS NOT ON ACTIVE DUTY- A female member of a reserve
  component who is not on active duty and who has a child under the age of
  six months may not be called or ordered to active duty (other than for
  training) without her consent.
  `(b) FEMALE MEMBERS ON ACTIVE DUTY- A female member of the armed forces on
  active duty who has a child under the age of six months may not be assigned,
  without her consent, to duty the location or circumstances of which make
  it necessary for the child to reside at another location.
  `(c) MALE MEMBERS WHO ARE SINGLE PARENTS- Subsections (a) and (b) shall
  apply in the case of a male member of the armed forces who has sole custody
  of a child under the age of six months.
  `(d) CHILD DEFINED- In this section, the term `child' includes an adopted
  child or an illegitimate child if the member admits in writing to the
  parentage of the child.'.
  (2) The table of sections at the beginning of such chapter is amended by
  inserting after the item relating to section 717 the following new item:
`718. Members with infant children: limitation on duty and assignments.'.
  (b) APPLICATION TO PRESENT DEPLOYMENTS- To the extent possible and consistent
  with military requirements, the Secretary of Defense shall apply section 718
  of title 10, United States Code, as added by subsection (a), in the case of
  a member of the Armed Forces called or ordered to active duty before the date
  of the enactment of this Act or assigned to a duty location before that date.
SEC. 242. GRADE IN WHICH RETIRED OFFICERS ARE ORDERED TO ACTIVE DUTY.
  (a) GRADE UPON RELEASE FROM ACTIVE DUTY- Section 688 of title 10, United
  States Code, is amended--
  (1) by redesignating subsection (b) as paragraph (2); and
  (2) by inserting after subsection (a) the following:
  `(b)(1) A retired member ordered to active duty under this section who
  serves on active duty pursuant to such order in a grade that is higher
  than his retired grade is entitled, upon his release from that duty, to
  be advanced on the retired list to the highest grade in which he served on
  active duty satisfactorily, as determined by the Secretary of the military
  department concerned, for not less than three years, if that grade is higher
  than his retired grade. The three years service in grade shall be computed
  by combining all periods of active duty served in that grade. The President
  may waive the three-year requirement in individual cases involving extreme
  hardship or exceptional or unusual circumstances. The authority of the
  President under the preceding sentence may not be delegated.'.
  (b) GRADE IN WHICH RECALLED- Subsection (d) of such section is amended
  by striking out `in his retired grade' and inserting in lieu thereof `in
  the higher of his retired grade or the highest grade in which he served on
  active duty satisfactorily, as determined by the Secretary of the military
  department concerned'.
SEC. 243. DELAY IN THE INCREASE OF ANNUAL DEDUCTIBLES UNDER CHAMPUS.
  The annual deductibles specified in subsection (b) of section 1079 of
  title 10, United States Code (as in effect on November 4, 1990), shall
  apply until October 1, 1991, in the case of health care provided under
  that section to the dependents of a member of the uniformed services who
  serves or served on active duty in the Persian Gulf theater of operations
  in connection with the Persian Gulf conflict.
SEC. 244. TRANSITIONAL HEALTH CARE.
  (a) HEALTH CARE PROVIDED- A member of the Armed Forces described in
  subsection (b), and the dependents of the member, shall be entitled to
  receive health care described in subsection (c) upon the release of the
  member from active duty in connection with the Persian Gulf conflict until
  the earlier of--
  (1) 60 days after the date of the release of the member from active duty; or
  (2) the date on which the member and the dependents of the member are
  covered by a health plan sponsored by an employer.
  (b) ELIGIBLE MEMBER DESCRIBED- A member of the Armed Forces referred to
  in subsection (a) is a member who--
  (1) is a member of a reserve component of the Armed Forces and is called
  or ordered to active duty under chapter 39 of title 10, United States Code,
  in connection with the Persian Gulf conflict;
  (2) is involuntarily retained on active duty under section 673c of title
  10, United States Code, in connection with the Persian Gulf conflict; or
  (3) voluntarily agrees to remain on active duty for a period of less than
  one year in connection with the Persian Gulf conflict.
  (c) HEALTH CARE DESCRIBED- The health care referred to in subsection (a) is--
  (1) medical and dental care under section 1076 of title 10, United States
  Code, in the same manner as a dependent described in subsection (a)(2)
  of that section; and
  (2) health benefits contracted under the authority of section 1079(a)
  of that title and subject to the same rates and conditions as apply to
  persons covered under that section.
  (d) DEPENDENT DEFINED- For purposes of this section, the term `dependent'
  has the meaning given that term in section 1072(2) of title 10, United
  States Code.
SEC. 245. TRANSITIONAL COMMISSARY AND EXCHANGE BENEFITS.
  The Secretary of Defense shall prescribe regulations to allow a member of
  a reserve component of the Armed Forces who is called or ordered to active
  duty under chapter 39 of title 10, United States Code, in connection with
  the Persian Gulf conflict to use commissary and exchange stores during the
  180-day period beginning on the date of the release of the member from
  active duty. The use of commissary and exchange stores pursuant to this
  section shall be authorized in the same manner and to the same extent as
  authorized for a member of the Armed Forces on active duty.
SEC. 246. BENEFITS EXPLANATIONS FOR RESERVE MEMBERS UPON DEMOBILIZATION.
  The Secretary of Defense shall ensure that the Secretaries of the military
  departments, in carrying out section 1142 of title 10, United States Code,
  provide particular attention to the needs of members of reserve components
  who were called or ordered to active duty for service in connection with
  the Persian Gulf conflict and who are released from active duty upon the
  completion of the period of service required pursuant to such call or
  order. To assist in providing preseparation counseling under that section,
  the Secretary of Veterans Affairs shall detail personnel of the Department of
  Veterans Affairs for service at each principal site at which such members
  will be released from active duty.
SEC. 247. EXTENSION OF CERTAIN PERSIAN GULF CONFLICT PROVISIONS.
  Title XI of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1991
  (Public  Law 101-510; 104 Stat. 1634 et seq.) is amended as follows:
  (1) The following sections are amended by striking out `Operation Desert
  Shield' each place it appears and inserting in lieu thereof `the Persian
  Gulf conflict': sections 1111(b)(1), 1114, and 1115.
  (2) Section 1111 is further amended--
  (A) by striking out `for fiscal year 1990 and during fiscal year 1991'
  in subsection (b)(1);
  (B) by inserting `or for fiscal year 1992' in subsection (b)(2) after
  `fiscal year 1991'; and
  (C) by striking out subsection (c).
  (3) Sections 1114(a) and 1115(a) are amended by striking out `during fiscal
  year 1990 or 1991'.
SEC. 248. STUDY OF DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE POLICIES RELATING TO DEPLOYMENT OF
MILITARY SERVICEMEMBERS WITH DEPENDENTS OR SERVICEMEMBERS FROM FAMILIES WITH
MORE THAN ONE SERVICEMEMBER.
  (a) STUDY- The Secretary of Defense shall carry out a study of the policies
  of the Department of Defense relating--
  (1) to activation of units and members of reserve components for active duty
  (other than for training); and
  (2) to deployments overseas of members of the Armed Forces (whether from
  active or reserve components),
as those policies affect the family responsibilities and interests of members
of the Armed Forces who have minor children or who are from families with
more than one member in the Armed Forces.
  (b) MATTERS TO BE CONSIDERED- The study under subsection (a) shall examine
  the family policies of the military departments for consistency among the
  Armed Forces and shall consider whether these policies adequately address
  the needs of Reserve component personnel. The study shall also assess the
  responsiveness of current policies to the needs of the all-volunteer Force
  as it is presently constituted, as reflected by its demographic profile.
  (c) REPORT- Not later than March 31, 1992, the Secretary of Defense
  shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and House
  of Representatives a report containing the results of the study under
  subsection (a). The report shall include an analysis of the effect of
  deployments made as part of military operations during the Persian Gulf
  conflict on members of the Armed Forces referred to in that subsection,
  including the following (which shall be shown separately by service and
  for active-component and reserve-component personnel):
  (1) The number of single parent military personnel who were deployed and
  the number of children of those parents.
  (2) The number of members of the Armed Forces who are married to another
  member of the Armed Forces and who were both deployed, and the number of
  children of those members.
  (3) The number of members of the Armed Forces deployed (or given orders
  to deploy) who requested exceptions to existing policies respecting
  family members, categorized by the reasons given for the requests and the
  dispositions of the requests.
  (4) A description of any differences in any of the military departments
  in policies applicable to active component members and reserve component
  members and any problems that arose from those differences.
  (5) A statement of the incidence of use of military family assistance
  programs by persons other than parents who provided care for dependent
  children while parents in the Armed Forces were deployed.
  (6) A discussion of the effectiveness of military family assistance programs
  during the Persian Gulf conflict deployments.
  (7) A discussion of the applicability of existing policies with respect to
  members of the Armed Forces who have dependents other than minor children,
  including dependent parents and dependent disabled adult children.
  (8) A discussion of proposed and actual changes by the Department of
  Defense in family assistance programs and assignment policies.
SEC. 249. SENSE OF CONGRESS REGARDING THE PROVISION OF MEDICAL CARE BY
GERMANY TO DEPENDENTS OF MEMBERS LIVING IN GERMANY.
  It is the sense of Congress that the President should request the Government
  of Germany to provide without reimbursement medical care to persons living
  in Germany who are dependents of members of the Armed Forces in order to
  replace military medical personnel and equipment deployed to the Persian
  Gulf region in connection with the Persian Gulf conflict.
SEC. 250. MORALE TELEPHONE CALLS.
  (a) FINDINGS- Congress finds the following:
  (1) The Federal Government has traditionally provided free mailing privileges
  for members of the Armed Forces serving in combat zones.
  (2) Technological advances that allow for almost instantaneous worldwide
  communications make telephone calls an equal partner to mail as a means
  for members of the Armed Forces to communicate with persons outside of
  the combat zone.
  (3) The ability to make telephone calls to loved ones and family members
  greatly contributes to the high morale among members of the Armed Forces
  serving in the Persian Gulf region.
  (b) SENSE OF THE CONGRESS- It is the sense of Congress that the Secretary
  of Defense--
  (1) should enter into contracts with private telephone companies or establish
  alternative telephone arrangements to provide at least 10 minutes of free
  telephone calls a month for each member of the Armed Forces serving in a
  combat zone; and
  (2) should seek funds from foreign countries to pay for the cost of providing
  such free telephone calls in connection with the Persian Gulf conflict.
Part E--Budget Matters
SEC. 251. BUDGET MATTERS.
  (a) TREATMENT OF CERTAIN PROVISIONS AS EMERGENCY REQUIREMENT- A provision
  of this title specified in paragraph (2) shall not take effect unless the
  President designates that provision as an emergency requirement under
  section 252(e) of Balanced Budget and Emergency Deficit Control Act of
  1985. If the President makes such a designation, the Congress shall be
  deemed to have so designated that provision in statute.
  (2) Paragraph (1) applies to the following provisions of this title: sections
  222, 223(a), 223(b)(2), 224(a), 226(a), 227(a), 228(a), 229(a), and 231(a).
  (b) AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS- No funds may be expended during fiscal year 1991
  pursuant to the provisions of this title (including the amendments made
  by those provisions) other than funds derived from the Defense Cooperation
  Account or the Persian Gulf Working Capital Account.
TITLE III--VETERANS' BENEFITS AND PROGRAMS
SEC. 301. INCLUSION OF PERSIAN GULF WAR WITHIN DEFINITION OF `PERIOD OF WAR'
FOR PURPOSES OF VETERANS BENEFITS.
  (a) IN GENERAL- Section 101 of title 38, United States Code, is amended--
  (1) in paragraph (11), by inserting `the Persian Gulf War,' after `the
  Vietnam era,'; and
  (2) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
  `(33) The term `Persian Gulf War' means the period beginning on August
  2, 1990, and ending on the date thereafter prescribed by Presidential
  proclamation or by law.'.
  (b) PENSION- (1) Section 501 of such title is amended--
  (A) by inserting `the Persian Gulf War,' in paragraph (4) after `the
  Vietnam era,'; and
  (B) by adding at the end the following:
  `(5) The term `Persian Gulf War' means the period beginning on August
  2, 1990, and ending on the date thereafter prescribed by Presidential
  proclamation or by law.'.
  (2) Section 541(f)(1) of such title is amended--
  (A) by striking out `or' before `(D)'; and
  (B) by inserting before the semicolon at the end the following: `, or
  (E) January 1, 2001, in the case of a surviving spouse of a Persian Gulf
  War veteran'.
  (c) EFFECTIVE DATE- The amendments made by this section shall take effect
  as of August 2, 1990.
SEC. 302. DEPENDENCY AND INDEMNITY COMPENSATION.
  (a) SURVIVING SPOUSE BENEFITS BASED ON AGE- (1) Section 411(a) of title
  38, United States Code, is amended by striking out the matter preceding
  the table and inserting in lieu thereof the following:
  `(a)(1) Dependency and indemnity compensation shall be paid to a surviving
  spouse, based on the age of the veteran at the time of the veteran's death,
  at monthly rates set forth in the following table:
`Age of veteran at
--
 time of death
--Monthly rate
Under 35
--$750
35-49
--700
50-64
--650
65 and over
--600
  `(2) In the case of dependency and indemnity compensation paid to a surviving
  spouse that is predicated upon the death of a veteran on or before the
  last day of the month in which the Persian Gulf War ends (as prescribed by
  Presidential proclamation or by law) the monthly rate of such compensation
  shall be the amount, based on the pay grade of such veteran, set forth in
  the following table, if the amount is greater than the amount determined
  with respect to that veteran under paragraph (1) of this subsection:'.
  (2) The amendment made by paragraph (1) shall take effect on October 1, 1991.
  (b) ADDITIONAL DIC FOR CHILDREN- Effective on October 1, 1991, section
  411(b) of such title is amended by striking out `$68 for each such child'
  and inserting in lieu thereof `$100 for each such child during fiscal year
  1992, $150 for each such child during fiscal year 1993, and $200 for each
  such child thereafter'.
SEC. 303. HEALTH BENEFITS.
  (a) AUTHORITY TO OBTAIN STANDBY INPATIENT SERVICES- Section 5011A(b)(2)(B)
  of title 38, United States Code, is amended--
  (1) by redesignating clauses (i) and (ii) as clauses (ii) and (iii); and
  (2) by inserting before clause (ii), as so redesignated, the following:
  `(i) is described in section 610(a)(1) of this title;'.
  (b) COUNSELING- (1) Section 612B of such title is amended to read as follows:
`Sec. 612B. Counseling for former prisoners of war and for veterans of combat
theaters of operations
  `The Secretary may furnish counseling services in any facility of the
  Department--
  `(1) to any veteran who is a former prisoner of war to assist the veteran
  in overcoming the psychological effects of the veteran's detention or
  internment as a prisoner of war; and
  `(2) to any veteran who while in the active military, naval, or air
  service served in a theater of combat operations (as defined by the
  Secretary of Defense) after August 2, 1990, during a period during which
  hostilities occurred in that theater to assist the veteran in overcoming
  any psychological problems of the veteran associated with such service.'.
  (2) The item relating to such section in the table of sections at the
  beginning of such chapter is amended to read as follows:
`612B. Counseling for former prisoners of war and for veterans of combat
theaters of operations.'.
  (c) PERIOD OF SERVICE FOR DENTAL BENEFITS- Section 612(b) of such title
  is amended by inserting `or, in the case of a veteran who served on active
  duty during the Persian Gulf War, 90 days' after `180 days' in paragraphs
  (1)(B)(ii) and (2).
  (d) PRESUMPTION RELATING TO PSYCHOSIS- Section 602 of such title is amended--
  (1) by striking out `or the Vietnam era' and inserting in lieu thereof
  `the Vietnam era, or the Persian Gulf War';
  (2) by striking out `or' after `Korean conflict,'; and
  (3) by inserting `or before the end of the two-year period beginning on
  the last day of the Persian Gulf War, in the case of a veteran of the
  Persian Gulf War,' after `Vietnam era veteran,'.
  (e) COVERAGE OF CERTAIN PRESCRIPTION DRUG BENEFITS- Section 612(h)
  of such title is amended by striking out `the Mexican border period'
  and all that follows through `Vietnam era' and inserting in lieu thereof
  `a period of war'.
  (f) EFFECTIVE DATE- The amendments made by this section shall take effect
  as of August 2, 1990.
  (g) REPORTS BY SECRETARY OF DEFENSE AND SECRETARY OF VETERANS AFFAIRS
  CONCERNING SERVICES TO TREAT POST-TRAUMATIC STRESS DISORDER- (1) The
  Secretary of Defense and Secretary of Veterans Affairs shall each submit
  to Congress two reports containing, with respect to their respective
  Departments, the following:
  (A) An assessment of the need for rehabilitative services for members of
  the Armed Forces participating in the Persian Gulf conflict who experience
  post-traumatic stress disorder.
  (B) A description of the available programs and resources to meet those
  needs.
  (C) The specific plans of that Secretary for treatment of post-traumatic
  stress disorder, particularly with respect to any specific needs of members
  of reserve components.
  (D) An assessment of needs for additional resources necessary in order to
  carry out such plans.
  (E) A description of plans to coordinate treatment services for
  post-traumatic stress disorder with the other Department.
  (2) The first report by each of the Secretaries shall be submitted not
  later than 90 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, and the
  second report by each of the Secretaries shall be submitted a year later.
SEC. 304. INCREASE IN THE AMOUNT OF MONTGOMERY GI BILL EDUCATIONAL ASSISTANCE
PAYMENTS.
  (a) AMOUNT OF BENEFIT PAYMENTS UNDER CHAPTER 30- Section 1415 of title 38,
  United States Code, is amended--
  (1) in subsection (a)(1), by striking out `$300' and inserting in lieu
  thereof `$400'; and
  (2) in subsection (b)(1), by striking out `$250' and inserting in lieu
  thereof `$300'.
  (b) AMOUNT OF BENEFIT PAYMENTS UNDER SELECTED RESERVE PROGRAM- (1) Section
  2131(b) of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
  (A) in paragraph (1), by striking out `$140' and inserting in lieu thereof
  `$200';
  (B) in paragraph (2), by striking out `$105' and inserting in lieu thereof
  `$150'; and
  (C) in paragraph (3), by striking out `$70' and inserting in lieu thereof
  `$100'.
  (2) Section 2131(f)(2) of such title is amended by striking out `$140'
  and inserting in lieu thereof `$200'.
  (3) Section 2131(g)(3) of such title is amended by striking out `$140'
  and inserting in lieu thereof `$200'.
  (c) EFFECTIVE DATE- The amendments made by this section shall become
  effective with respect to payments of educational assistance payments made
  on or after October 1, 1991.
SEC. 305. ELIGIBILITY AND OTHER EDUCATIONAL BENEFITS UNDER SELECTED RESERVE
PROGRAM.
  (a) ELIGIBILITY- Section 2132(a) of title 10, United States Code,
  is amended--
  (1) by inserting `or' after the semicolon at the end of paragraph (2); and
  (2) by inserting after paragraph (2) the following new paragraph:
  `(3)(A) was called or ordered, as a member of the Selected Reserve of the
  Ready Reserve of the armed forces, to active duty in connection with the
  Persian Gulf War and was released from such active duty upon the completion
  of the period of service required pursuant to such call or order; and
  `(B) has completed the requirements of the secondary school diploma (or
  an equivalency certificate);'.
  (b) Conforming Amendments- Section 2131(a) of such title is amended--
  (1) by striking out `(a) To' and inserting in lieu thereof `(a)(1) To'; and
  (2) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
  `(2)(A) The Secretary of each military department and the Secretary of
  Transportation, with respect to the Coast Guard when it is not operating
  as a service in the Navy, shall provide educational assistance to members
  of the Selected Reserve of the Ready Reserve of the armed forces under
  the jurisdiction of the Secretary concerned who were called or ordered to
  active duty in connection with the Persian Gulf War and who were released
  from active duty upon the completion of the period of service required
  pursuant to such call or order.
  `(B) For purposes of this chapter, the term `Persian Gulf War' means the
  period beginning on August 2, 1990, and ending on the date thereafter
  prescribed by Presidential proclamation or by law.'.
SEC. 306. RESTORATION OF VETERANS EDUCATIONAL ASSISTANCE.
  (a) CHAPTER 30 PROGRAM- Section 1413 of title 38, United States Code,
  is amended by adding at the end the following new subsection:
  `(f)(1) Notwithstanding any other provision of this chapter or chapter 36
  of this title, any payment of an educational assistance allowance described
  in paragraph (2) of this subsection shall not--
  `(A) be charged against the entitlement of any individual under this
  chapter; or
  `(B) be counted toward the aggregate period for which section 1795 of this
  title limits an individual's receipt of assistance.
  `(2) The payment of the educational assistance allowance referred to in
  paragraph (1) of this subsection is the payment of such an allowance to
  an individual for pursuit of a course or courses under this chapter with
  respect to the period described in paragraph (3) of this subsection if
  the Secretary finds that the individual--
  `(A) in the case of a member of the Selected Reserve, had to discontinue
  such course pursuit as a result of being called or ordered, in connection
  with the Persian Gulf War, to serve on active duty; or
  `(B) in the case of a person serving on active duty, had to discontinue such
  course pursuit as a result of being ordered, in connection with such War,
  to a new duty location or assignment or to perform an increased amount of
  work; and
  `(C) failed to receive credit or training time toward completion of the
  individual's approved educational, professional, or vocational objective
  as a result of having to discontinue, as described in subparagraph (A) or
  (B) of this paragraph, his or her course pursuit.
  `(3) The period of course pursuit referred to in paragraph (2) of this
  subsection is the period beginning on the effective date of the award of an
  educational assistance allowance under this chapter to the individual for
  the period of enrollment during which the individual discontinued course
  pursuit as described in paragraph (2) of this subsection and ending on
  the date of such discontinuance; except that in no case may such period
  exceed the portion of the period of enrollment with respect to which the
  individual failed to receive credit or training time, as determined under
  paragraph (2)(C) of this subsection.'.
  (b) CHAPTER 32 PROGRAM- (1) Section 1631(a) of such title is amended by
  adding at the end the following new paragraph:
  `(5)(A) Notwithstanding any other provision of this chapter or chapter 36
  of this title, any payment of an educational assistance allowance described
  in subparagraph (B) of this paragraph--
  `(i) shall not be charged against the entitlement of any eligible veteran
  under this chapter; and
  `(ii) shall not be counted toward the aggregate period for which section
  1795 of this title limits an individual's receipt of assistance.
  `(B) The payment of an educational assistance allowance referred to in
  subparagraph (A) of this paragraph is any payment of a monthly benefit
  under this chapter to an eligible veteran for pursuit of a course or
  courses under this chapter during the period described in subparagraph
  (C) of this subsection if the Secretary finds that the eligible veteran--
  `(i) in the case of a member of the Selected Reserve, had to discontinue
  such course pursuit as a result of being called or ordered, in connection
  with the Persian Gulf War, to serve on active duty; or
  `(ii) in the case of a person serving on active duty, had to discontinue
  such course pursuit as a result of being ordered, in connection with such
  War, to a new duty location or assignment or to perform an increased amount
  of work; and
  `(iii) failed to receive credit or training time toward completion of the
  individual's approved educational, professional, or vocational objective
  as a result of having to discontinue, as described in clause (i) or (ii)
  of this subparagraph, his or her course pursuit.
  `(C) The period of course pursuit referred to in subparagraph (B) of this
  paragraph is the period beginning on the effective date of the award of an
  educational assistance allowance under this chapter to the veteran for the
  period of enrollment during which the veteran discontinued course pursuit
  as described in subparagraph (B) of this paragraph and ending on the date
  of such discontinuance; except that in no case may such period exceed the
  portion of the period of enrollment with respect to which the individual
  failed to receive credit or training time, as determined under subparagraph
  (B)(iii) of this paragraph.
  `(D) The amount in the fund for each eligible veteran who received a
  payment of an educational assistance allowance described in subparagraph
  (B) of this paragraph shall be restored to the amount that would have
  been in the fund for the veteran if the payment had not been made. For
  purposes of carrying out the previous sentence, the Secretary of Defense
  shall deposit into the fund, on behalf of each such veteran, an amount
  equal to the entire amount of the payment made to the veteran.
  `(E) The formula provided in paragraph (2) of this subsection shall be
  implemented as if--
  `(i) the payment made to the fund by the Secretary of Defense under
  subparagraph (D) of this paragraph; and
  `(ii) any payment described in subparagraph (B) of this paragraph that
  was paid out of the fund,
had not been made or paid.'.
  (2) Section 1631(a)(2) of such title is amended by inserting `in paragraph
  (5)(E) of this subsection and' after `Except as provided'.
  (c) CHAPTER 35 PROGRAM- Section 1711(a) of such title is amended--
  (1) by striking out `Each' and inserting in lieu thereof `(1) Each'; and
  (2) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
  `(2)(A) Notwithstanding any other provision of this chapter or chapter 36
  of this title, any payment of an educational assistance allowance described
  in subparagraph (B) of this paragraph shall not--
  `(i) be charged against the entitlement of any individual under this
  chapter; or
  `(ii) be counted toward the aggregate period for which section 1795 of
  this title limits an individual's receipt of assistance.
  `(B) The payment of the educational assistance allowance referred to in
  subparagraph (A) of this paragraph is the payment of such an allowance to
  an individual for pursuit of a course or courses under this chapter with
  respect to the period described in subparagraph (C) of this paragraph if
  the Secretary finds that the individual--
  `(i) had to discontinue such course pursuit as a result of being called
  or ordered, in connection with the Persian Gulf War, to serve on active
  duty; and
  `(ii) failed to receive credit or training time toward completion of the
  individual's approved educational, professional, or vocational objective
  as a result of having to discontinue, as described in clause (i) of this
  subparagraph, his or her course pursuit.
  `(C) The period of course pursuit referred to in subparagraph (B) of this
  paragraph is the period beginning on the effective date of the award of an
  educational assistance allowance under this chapter to the individual for
  the period of enrollment during which the individual discontinued course
  pursuit as described in subparagraph (B) of this paragraph and ending on
  the date of such discontinuance; except that in no case may such period
  exceed the portion of the period of enrollment with respect to which the
  individual failed to receive credit or training time, as determined under
  subparagraph (B)(ii) of this paragraph.'.
  (d) SELECTED RESERVE PROGRAM- Section 2131(c) of title 10, United States
  Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
  `(3)(A) Notwithstanding any other provision of this chapter or chapter 36
  of title 38, any payment of an educational assistance allowance described
  in subparagraph (B) of this paragraph shall not--
  `(i) be charged against the entitlement of any individual under this
  chapter; or
  `(ii) be counted toward the aggregate period for which section 1795 of
  title 38 limits an individual's receipt of assistance.
  `(B) The payment of the educational assistance allowance referred to in
  subparagraph (A) of this paragraph is the payment of such an allowance to
  the individual for pursuit of a course or courses under this chapter with
  respect to the period described in subparagraph (C) of this paragraph if
  the Secretary of Veterans Affairs finds that the individual--
  `(i) had to discontinue such course pursuit as a result of being called
  or ordered, in connection with the Persian Gulf War, to serve on active
  duty; and
  `(ii) failed to receive credit or training time toward completion of the
  individual's approved educational, professional, or vocational objective
  as a result of having to discontinue, as described in clause (i) of this
  subparagraph, his or her course pursuit.
  `(C) The period of course pursuit referred to in subparagraph (B) of this
  paragraph is the period beginning on the effective date of the award of an
  educational assistance allowance under this chapter to the individual for
  the period of enrollment during which the individual discontinued course
  pursuit as described in subparagraph (B) of this paragraph and ending on
  the date of such discontinuance; except that in no case may such period
  exceed the portion of the period of enrollment with respect to which the
  individual failed to receive credit or training time, as determined under
  subparagraph (B)(ii) of this paragraph.'.
SEC. 307. EXTENSION OF DELIMITING DATE.
  Section 2133(b) of title 10, United States Code, is amended by adding at
  the end the following:
  `(4) Any period of service on active duty served by a person called or
  ordered to such active duty in connection with the Persian Gulf War shall
  not be considered, for purposes of subsection (a), to be--
  `(A) a part of the 10-year period referred to in clause (1) of such
  subsection; or
  `(B) a separation from the Selected Reserve referred to in clause (2)
  of such subsection.'.
SEC. 308. ENTITLEMENT FOR GUARANTEED LOANS.
  Section 1802(a)(2)(A) of title 38, United States Code, is amended--
  (1) by striking out `or' before `the Vietnam'; and
  (2) by inserting `, or the  Persian Gulf War' after ` the Vietnam era'.
SEC. 309. DIRECT LOAN BENEFITS.
  (a) IN GENERAL- Section 1811 of title 38, United States Code, is amended
  by adding at the end the following:
  `(l) The Secretary may, without regard to the provisions of subsections
  (a), (b), (c), and (d), make or enter into a commitment to make a loan,
  for any purpose for which loans are made under section 1810 or 1812,
  to any member of any reserve component--
  `(1) who meets the credit requirements applicable under section 1810
  or 1812 and who is unable to obtain a loan from a private lender at an
  interest rate not in excess of the rate authorized for guaranteed home
  loans or manufactured home loans under this chapter, as the case may be,
  because of the possibility of such member being called or ordered to active
  duty in connection with, or in preparation for, any war or other action
  involving, or potentially involving, the use of military force; or
  `(2) who was called or ordered to active duty for service in connection with,
  or in preparation for, any war or other action involving, or potentially
  involving, the use of military force and was released from such active
  duty after serving at least 90 days and who--
  `(A) applies for such loan (i) within one year from the date on which the
  individual was released from such active duty, or (ii) within one year from
  the date on which the veteran is released from hospitalization incident
  to such service, whichever is later;
  `(B) is unable to obtain a loan from a private lender at an interest
  rate not in excess of the rate authorized for guaranteed home loans or
  manufactured home loans under this chapter, as the case may be; and
  `(C) at the time such loan is made, meets the credit requirements applicable
  under section 1810 or 1812, as the case may be.'.
  (b) EFFECTIVE DATE- The amendment made by this section shall take effect
  as of August 2, 1990.
SEC. 310. DESIGNATION OF PROVISIONS AS EMERGENCY REQUIREMENTS; FUNDING.
  (a) DESIGNATION- Each provision of this title is hereby designated as
  an emergency requirement for purposes of section 252(e) of the Balanced
  Budget and Emergency Deficit Control Act of 1985.
  (b) FUNDING- The costs for fiscal years 1991, 1992, 1993, 1994, and 1995
  of the provisions of this title (including the amendments made by this
  title) shall be derived from a sum of $1,000,000,000 to be transferred from
  the Defense Cooperation Account upon the enactment of this Act and to be
  available only for such costs. The sum so transferred shall remain available
  until expended for those costs. The Director of the Office of Management
  and Budget shall establish procedures to carry out this subsection.
TITLE IV--AUTHORIZATION OF SUPPLEMENTAL APPROPRIATIONS FOR DEPARTMENT OF
ENERGY NATIONAL SECURITY PROGRAMS FOR FISCAL YEAR 1991
SEC. 401. AUTHORIZATION OF SUPPLEMENTAL APPROPRIATIONS FOR OPERATING EXPENSES.
  In addition to the amounts authorized to be appropriated for fiscal year
  1991 by section 3101 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal
  Year 1991 (Public Law 101-510; 104 Stat. 1824), there is hereby authorized
  to be appropriated for fiscal year 1991 for operating expenses incurred
  in carrying out national security programs (including scientific research
  and development in support of the Armed Forces, strategic and critical
  materials necessary for the common defense, and military applications of
  nuclear energy and related management and support activities) for weapons
  activities production and surveillance, $283,000,000.
SEC. 402. AUTHORIZATION OF SUPPLEMENTAL APPROPRIATIONS FOR ENVIRONMENTAL
RESTORATION AND WASTE MANAGEMENT.
  In addition to the amounts authorized to be appropriated for fiscal year
  1991 by section 3103 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal
  Year 1991 (Public Law 101-510; 104 Stat. 1827), there is hereby authorized
  to be appropriated for fiscal year 1991 for carrying out the environmental
  restoration and waste management programs necessary for national security
  programs as follows:
  (1) For operating expenses:
  (A) For environmental restoration, $100,000,000.
  (B) For waste operations, $74,300,000.
  (C) For waste research and development, $30,000,000.
  (2) For plant projects:
  Project 91-D-172, high-level waste tank farm replacement, Idaho Chemical
  Processing Plant, Idaho National Engineering Laboratory, Idaho, $30,000,000.
  Project 90-D-178, retrieval containment building, Idaho National Engineering
  Laboratory, Idaho Falls, Idaho, $19,500,000.
  Project 89-D-142, reactor effluent cooling water thermal mitigation,
  Savannah River, South Carolina, $17,600,000.
  Project Project 89-D-172, Hanford environmental compliance, Richland,
  Washington, $27,700,000.
  Project 89-D-174, replacement high-level waste evaporator, Savannah River,
  South Carolina, $14,000,000.
  Project 83-D-148, nonradioactive hazardous waste management, Savannah River,
  South Carolina, $10,000,000.
  Project 77-13-f, waste isolation pilot project, Delaware Basin, southeast
  New Mexico, $16,900,000.
SEC. 403. APPLICABILITY OF RECURRING GENERAL PROVISIONS.
  The provisions contained in part B of title XXXI of the National Defense
  Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1991 (Public Law 101-510; 104 Stat. 1829)
  shall apply to this title in the same manner as such provisions apply to
  title XXXI of such Act.
SEC. 404. RELOCATION OF ROCKY FLATS PLANT OPERATIONS.
  (a) RELOCATION PROGRAM- Using such sums as are necessary from funds
  authorized and appropriated for production and surveillance for fiscal
  year 1991, the Secretary of Energy shall develop a program to relocate,
  within 10 years after the date of the enactment of this Act, operations
  performed at the Rocky Flats Plant in Golden, Colorado, to a replacement
  facility (or facilities) on a site (or sites) where public health and
  safety can be assured.
  (b) REPORT- Not later than 60 days after the date of the enactment of this
  Act, the Secretary of Energy shall submit to Congress a report describing the
  program developed under subsection (a), a plan to implement such program, and
  the activities to be undertaken during fiscal year 1991 pursuant to the plan.
TITLE V--GENERAL PROVISIONS
SEC. 501. LAND CONVEYANCE, FORT A.P. HILL MILITARY RESERVATION, VIRGINIA.
  (a) CONVEYANCE AUTHORIZED- Not later than one year after the date of
  the enactment of this Act, subject to subsections (b) through (g), the
  Secretary of the Army shall convey, without consideration, to Caroline
  County, Virginia, or the Commonwealth of Virginia (hereinafter in this
  section referred to as the `Commonwealth'), as appropriate, all right,
  title, and interest of the United States in and to a parcel of land located
  at Fort A.P. Hill, Virginia, and consisting of approximately 150 acres.
  (b) IDENTIFICATION OF PROPERTY- (1) Not later than 180 days after the date
  of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall, after consultation
  with appropriate representatives of Caroline County, Virginia, and the
  Commonwealth, identify the exact size and location of the parcel of land to
  be conveyed pursuant to this section. The Secretary shall, to the maximum
  extent practicable, identify a parcel of land that--
  (A) has soil and topographical conditions suitable for the construction of a
  low- to mid-rise institutional correctional facility, including recreation,
  parking, and other necessary support facilities; and
  (B) is situated within reasonably close proximity to an existing sewer
  system.
  (2) The cost of any new or expanded sewer system or utilities shall not
  be the responsibility of the Department of Defense or Caroline County.
  (c) CONVEYANCE OF PROPERTY- (1) Except as provided in paragraph (2), the
  parcel of land conveyed pursuant to this section shall be conveyed to the
  Commonwealth and shall be subject to the conditions and limitations on its
  use as provided in Chapter 3, Article 3.1 of Title 53.1, Code of Virginia.
  (2) The Secretary shall convey the parcel of land to Caroline County,
  Virginia, instead of the Commonwealth, if, within one year after the date
  of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary receives the written agreement
  of the participating political subdivisions of the Commonwealth named in
  paragraph (3) to take, under the laws of the Commonwealth, the following
  actions:
  (A) Establish a governmental entity to construct and operate on such parcel
  of land a regional correctional facility.
  (B) Ensure that such governmental entity constructs and operates such
  facility.
  (3)(A) In order for the agreement referred to in paragraph (2) to be
  effective, it shall be agreed to by Caroline County, Virginia, and at
  least three of the following political subdivisions of the Commonwealth:
  (i) Arlington County.
  (ii) Fairfax County.
  (iii) Prince William County.
  (iv) Stafford County.
  (v) The City of Alexandria.
  (B) Subparagraph (A) shall not be construed to prohibit any political
  subdivision not named in such subparagraph to participate in the written
  agreement referred to in paragraph (2).
  (d) USE OF PROPERTY; REVERSION- (1)(A) A conveyance of land to Caroline
  County, Virginia, pursuant to this section shall be subject to the
  conditions that--
  (i) construction of a regional correctional facility pursuant to the
  agreement referred to in subsection (c)(2) commence not later than 24
  months after the date of the enactment of this Act;
  (ii) such construction be completed and the operation of such facility
  commence not later than five years after such date; and
  (iii) such parcel of land be used only for the construction and operation
  of such facility.
  (B) If the parcel of land conveyed pursuant to this section is conveyed
  to Caroline County, Virginia, and the entity established pursuant to the
  agreement referred to in subsection (c)(2) fails to construct and operate
  a regional correctional facility in accordance with the conditions set
  out in subparagraph (A), all right, title, and interest in and to such
  parcel of land (together with the improvements thereon) shall revert to
  the United States.
  (C) In the event of a reversion under subparagraph (B), the Secretary shall
  promptly convey all right, title, and interest of the United States in
  the parcel of land referred to in such subparagraph to the Commonwealth,
  subject to the applicable provisions of paragraph (2) and subsections (e)
  through (g).
  (2)(A) A conveyance of a parcel of land to the Commonwealth pursuant to
  this section, shall be subject to the conditions that--
  (i) an entity be established under the laws of the Commonwealth for the
  construction and operation of a regional correctional facility on such
  parcel of land;
  (ii) construction of such facility on such parcel of land be completed and
  the operation of such facility commence not later than seven years after
  the date of enactment of this Act;
  (iii) such parcel of land be used only for the purpose of construction
  and operation of such facility;
  (iv) Arlington County, Fairfax County, the City of Alexandria, Prince
  William County, Stafford County, and Caroline County, Virginia, be offered
  the opportunity for meaningful participation in such entity; and
  (v) no fee be charged by the Commonwealth for the conveyance to, lease by,
  or use of such parcel of land by such entity.
  (B) If the parcel of land to be conveyed pursuant to this section is conveyed
  to the Commonwealth and the conditions referred to in subparagraph (A)
  are not complied with (as determined by the Secretary), all right, title,
  and interest in and to such land (together with the improvements thereon)
  shall revert to the United States and the United States shall have the
  right of immediate entry thereon.
  (e) PROHIBITION ON HOUSING CERTAIN PRISONERS- Except when agreed to in
  writing by an appropriate representative of Caroline County, Virginia,
  the regional correctional facility constructed and operated in accordance
  with this section--
  (1) shall have a maximum capacity of not more than 2,400 inmates; and
  (2) may not be used to house Federal prisoners or prisoners convicted by,
  sentenced by, or awaiting trial in the courts of the District of Columbia.
  (f) TIME LIMITATION- The period of any litigation relating to the conveyance
  or improvement of land under this section shall not be included in a
  determination of the period for conveyance or improvement, or for the
  reverter of or right of re-entry onto such land.
  (g) ADDITIONAL TERMS AND CONDITIONS- The Secretary may require such
  additional terms and conditions in connection with the conveyance pursuant
  to this section as the Secretary, in his sole discretion, shall determine
  appropriate to protect the interests of the United States.
  (h) REPEAL- Section 2839 of the Military Construction Authorization Act
  for Fiscal Year 1991 (division B of Public Law 101-510; 104 Stat 1801)
  is repealed.
SEC. 502. GRASSROOTS EFFORTS TO SUPPORT OUR TROOPS.
  (a) FINDINGS- The Congress finds the following:
  (1) Over 400,000 American servicemen and women risked their lives in
  defending the interests and principles of the United States in the Persian
  Gulf region.
  (2) These American servicemen and women performed with remarkable success
  against Iraq and its military-industrial complex.
  (3) All Americans should take great pride in the manner in which our brave
  servicemen and women represented our Nation in the Persian Gulf region.
  (4) All Americans eagerly await the safe return of our courageous sons
  and daughters who served in the Persian Gulf region.
  (b) GRASSROOTS SUPPORT- The Congress--
  (1) supports and endorses national, State, and local grassroots efforts
  to support our servicemen and women who participated in Operation Desert
  Storm, and their families here at home;
  (2) encourages Federal, State, and local governments and private businesses
  and industry to organize task forces intended to provide support for the
  families of servicemen and women deployed in the Persian Gulf region and
  to organize celebrations for the servicemen and women upon their arrival
  home; and
  (3) encourages those grassroots government, business, and industry efforts
  to include Vietnam Veteran organizations in all activities conducted for
  the benefit of the troops returning home from Operation Desert Storm.
  Amend the title so as to read: `A bill to authorize supplemental
  appropriations for fiscal year 1991 for military activities of the Department
  of Defense and for defense activities of the Department of Energy, to
  improve military personnel benefits and veterans benefits, particularly
  for members of the Armed Forces who served in Operation Desert Storm,
  and for other purposes.'.