Text: H.R.1669 — 102nd Congress (1991-1992)All Information (Except Text)

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HR 1669 IH
102d CONGRESS
1st Session
 H. R. 1669
To provide financial assistance to eligible local educational agencies to
improve urban education, and for other purposes.
IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES
April 9, 1991
Mr. GRAY (for himself, Mr. CLAY, Mr. MARTINEZ, Mr. OWENS of New York,
Mrs. SCHROEDER, Mr. HAYES of Illinois, Mr. PAYNE of New Jersey, Mr. WASHINGTON,
Mr. SERRANO, Mr. CONYERS, Mr. DELLUMS, Mr. LAFALCE, Mr. ROYBAL, Mr. RANGEL,
Mr. COYNE, Mr. FOGLIETTA, Mr. KOPETSKI, Mr. FORD of Tennessee, Mr. MCDERMOTT,
Mr. LEWIS of Georgia, Mr. MOODY, Mr. SCHEUER, Mr. AUCOIN, Mr. WYDEN,
Mr. LEHMAN of Florida, Mr. DYMALLY, Mr. DIXON, Ms. PELOSI, Mr. FASCELL,
Mr. SMITH of Florida, Mr. SOLARZ, Mr. NOWAK, Mr. MANTON, Mr. PICKETT,
Mrs. LLOYD, Mr. TOWNS, Ms. KAPTUR, Mr. JONES of Georgia, Mr. HOAGLAND,
Mr. MFUME, Mr. COLEMAN of Texas, Mr. WEISS, Mr. ACKERMAN, Ms. NORTON,
Mr. DICKS, Mr. SCHUMER, Mr. JEFFERSON, Mr. MATSUI, Mr. MAZZOLI, Mr. LAUGHLIN,
and Mr. BONIOR) introduced the following bill; which was referred to the
Committee on Education and Labor
A BILL
To provide financial assistance to eligible local educational agencies to
improve urban education, and for other purposes.
  Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United
  States of America in Congress assembled,
SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE; TABLE OF CONTENTS.
  (a) SHORT TITLE- This Act may be cited as the `Urban Schools of America
  (USA) Act of 1991'.
  (b) TABLE OF CONTENTS- The table of contents is as follows:
Sec. 1. Short title; table of contents.
Sec. 2. Findings.
Sec. 3. Statement of purpose.
TITLE I--URBAN SCHOOL IMPROVEMENT
Sec. 101. Authorization.
Sec. 102. Allocation of funds.
Sec. 103. Application required.
Sec. 104. Planning period.
Sec. 105. Uses of funds.
Sec. 106. Accountability.
Sec. 107. Incentive awards to exemplary programs.
Sec. 108. Regulatory assessment.
Sec. 109. Local advisory group.
Sec. 110. Special rules.
TITLE II--SCHOOL BUILDING REPAIR AND RENOVATION
Sec. 201. Purpose; authorization of appropriations.
Sec. 202. Allocation of funds.
Sec. 203. Application.
Sec. 204. Uses of Funds.
TITLE III--URBAN SCHOOL RESEARCH
Sec. 301. Authorization.
Sec. 302. Assistant Secretary for Urban Education.
Sec. 303. Reservation, allotment, allocation.
Sec. 304. National Institute of Urban Education.
Sec. 305. Application.
Sec. 306. Uses of funds.
TITLE IV--GENERAL PROVISIONS
Sec. 401. Interagency Council on Urban Schools.
Sec. 402. White House Conference on Urban Education.
Sec. 403. Augustus F. Hawkins National Commission on Urban Education.
Sec. 404. Federal funds to supplement not supplant non-Federal funds.
Sec. 405. Definitions.
SEC. 2. FINDINGS.
  The Congress finds that--
  (1) the ability of the Nation's major urban school systems to meet
  the Nation's educational goals will determine the country's economic
  competitiveness and academic standing in the world community;
  (2) the quality of public education in the Nation's major urban areas has
  a direct effect on the economic development of the Nation's inner cities;
  (3) the success of urban schools in boosting the achievement of its minority
  youth attending such schools will determine the ability of the Nation to
  close the gap between the `haves and have-nots' in society;
  (4) the cost to America's businesses to provide remedial education to high
  school graduates is approximately $21,000,000,000 per year;
  (5) approximately one-third of the Nation's work force will be minority
  by the year 2000;
  (6) urban schools enroll a disproportionately large share of the Nation's
  poor and `at-risk' youth;
  (7) urban schools enroll approximately one-third of Nation's poor, 40
  percent of the Nation's African-American children, and 30 percent of the
  Nation's Hispanic youth;
  (8) nearly 20 percent of the Nation's limited-English proficient children
  and 15 percent of the Nation's disabled youth are enrolled in urban schools;
  (9) the academic performance of students in the average inner-city public
  school system is below that of students in most other kinds of school
  systems;
  (10) urban schools systems have higher dropout rates, more problems with
  health care and less parental participation than other kinds of school
  systems;
  (11) urban preschoolers have one-half the access to early childhood
  development programs as do other children;
  (12) shortages of teachers in urban school systems are 2.5 times greater
  than such shortages in other kinds of school systems;
  (13) declining numbers of urban minority high school graduates are pursuing
  postsecondary educational opportunities;
  (14) urban schools systems have greater problems with teen pregnancy,
  discipline, drug abuse and gangs than do other kinds of school systems;
  (15) 75 percent of urban school buildings are over 25 years old, 33 percent
  of such buildings are over 50 years old, and such buildings are often in
  serious disrepair and create poor and demoralizing working and learning
  conditions;
  (16) solving the challenges facing our Nation's urban schools will require
  the concerted and collaborative efforts of all levels of government and
  all sectors of the community;
  (17) State and Federal funding of urban schools has not adequately reflected
  need; and
  (18) Federal funding that is well targeted, flexible and accountable
  would contribute significantly to addressing the comprehensive needs of
  inner-city schools.
SEC. 3. STATEMENT OF PURPOSE.
  It is the purpose of this Act to provide financial assistance to--
  (1) assist urban schools in meeting national education goals;
  (2) improve the educational and social well being of urban public school
  children;
  (3) close the achievement gap between urban and nonurban school children,
  while improving the achievement level of all children nationally;
  (4) renovate and repair urban school buildings and facilities;
  (5) conduct coordinated research on urban education problems, solutions
  and promising practices;
  (6) improve the Nation's global economic and educational competitiveness
  by improving the country's urban schools;
  (7) encourage community, parental and business collaboration in the
  improvement of urban schools; and
  (8) review regulations whose simplification might improve the achievement
  of urban school children.
TITLE I--URBAN SCHOOL IMPROVEMENT
SEC. 101. AUTHORIZATION.
  There are authorized to be appropriated $1,500,000,000 for fiscal year
  1992, and such sums as may be necessary for each of the fiscal years 1993,
  1994, 1995, 1996, 1997, 1998, 1999, and 2000 to carry out the provisions
  of this title.
SEC. 102. ALLOCATION OF FUNDS.
  (a) RESERVATIONS-
  (1) Subject to paragraph (2), from the amount appropriated or otherwise made
  available to carry out the provisions of this title for any fiscal year,
  the Secretary shall reserve 5 percent of such funds to provide competitive
  awards in accordance with section 107.
  (2) Paragraph (1) shall not apply in the first year in which funds are
  appropriated.
  (b) ALLOTMENTS- From the remainder of the sums not reserved under subsection
  (a), the Secretary shall allot to each eligible local educational agency with
  an approved application in each fiscal year an amount which bears the same
  relationship to such funds as the amount such eligible local educational
  agency was allocated under section 1005 and 1006 of the Elementary and
  Secondary Education Act of 1965 in the preceding fiscal year bears to the
  total amount received under such sections in such preceding fiscal year
  by all eligible local educational agencies.
  (c) RESERVATION FOR COMMUNITY-BASED ORGANIZATIONS AND NONPROFIT PARTNERSHIPS-
  From the amounts allotted under subsection (b) for any fiscal year, each
  eligible local educational agency shall reserve not more than 5 percent to
  make as many grants as practicable for the activities described in section
  105 to--
  (1) community-based organizations; or
  (2) nonprofit partnerships between the eligible local educational agency
  and city-wide collaboratives of private sector businesses or universities.
  (d) PAYMENTS-
  (1) IN GENERAL- The Secretary shall annually pay to each eligible local
  educational agency having an application approved under section 103 the
  costs of the activities described in the application.
  (2) PAYMENT REQUIREMENTS- The Secretary shall make annual payments only
  to eligible local educational agencies that--
  (A) comply with the provisions of section 106; and
  (B) demonstrate to the satisfaction of the Secretary that the data submitted
  pursuant to section 106 shows progress toward meeting national education
  goals.
  (e) ADMINISTRATIVE COSTS- Not more than 5 percent of any allotment or
  grant made under this title may be used for administrative costs.
SEC. 103. APPLICATION REQUIRED.
  (a) APPLICATION REQUIRED-
  (1) LOCAL EDUCATIONAL AGENCIES-
  (A) IN GENERAL- Any eligible local educational agency desiring to receive
  an allotment from the Secretary to carry out the provisions of this
  title shall--
  (i) develop and prepare an application with the local advisory group;
  (ii) submit to the State educational agency the application for review
  and comment; and
  (iii) submit the application described in clause (i) to the Secretary
  for approval.
  (B) DURATION- Except as provided in section 106, the application described
  in clause (i) may be for a period of not more than 3 years.
  (2) COMMUNITY-BASED ORGANIZATIONS AND NONPROFIT PARTNERSHIPS- Any
  community-based organization or nonprofit partnership referred to in section
  102(c) desiring to receive a grant from an eligible local educational
  agency pursuant to section 101(c) shall--
  (A) prepare an application for approval by the local advisory group and
  submit such application to the eligible local educational agency;
  (B) describe in the application the collaborative efforts undertaken with
  the local educational agency in designing a program to meet the purposes
  of the Act; and
  (C) describe in the application how funds will be used to help meet the
  education goals selected by the local educational agency pursuant to
  subsection (b).
  (b) CONTENTS OF LOCAL EDUCATIONAL AGENCY APPLICATION- Each application
  submitted by an eligible local educational agency shall include a
  description of--
  (1) the ranking of all schools in the eligible local educational agency
  by achievement, poverty, and racial isolation and how such schools will
  be served in accordance with section 110(a);
  (2) the community served by the eligible local educational agency and the
  effects of the community on the educational conditions within the schools
  served by the eligible local educational agency;
  (3) the collaboration in program planning with the local advisory group
  described in section 109;
  (4) the goals selected by the eligible local educational agency pursuant
  to section 106(b), the rationale for choosing such goals over others, and
  a description of whether the goals selected differ between elementary and
  secondary schools within the jurisdiction of the local educational agency;
  (5) how funds received under this title will be used to meet the national
  educational goals selected by the eligible local educational agency;
  (6) how promising or successful models or programs will be replicated in
  designing activities assisted under this title; and
  (7) the statistical indicators and other criteria that the eligible local
  educational agency will use to measure progress toward meeting national
  education goals, and a description of what the local educational agency
  has done to ensure that any assessments used to measure such progress will
  not have a negative effect on minority or language minority students.
SEC. 104. PLANNING PERIOD.
  Any eligible local educational agency requiring additional planning
  efforts to meet the provisions of this title may use the first 6 months
  of the initial program year for planning purposes, subject to approval by
  the Secretary, except that not more than 15 percent of the first year's
  allotment shall be used for such purposes. A written report of the results
  of such planning shall be submitted to the Secretary not later than the
  end of the first project year.
SEC. 105. USES OF FUNDS.
  (a) IN GENERAL- Funds allotted under this title shall be used by eligible
  local educational agencies, community-based organizations, or nonprofit
  partnerships to meet national education goals through programs designed to--
  (1)  increase  the  academic  achievement  of urban school children to at
  least the national average, including--
  (A) effective schools programs;
  (B) tutoring, mentoring, and other activities to improve academic achievement
  directly;
  (C) activities designed to increase the participation of minority and female
  students in entry level and advanced courses in mathematics and science;
  (D) supplementary academic instruction;
  (E) efforts to improve problem-solving and higher-order thinking skills;
  (F) programs to increase student motivation for learning; and
  (G) efforts to lengthen the school day, school year or reduce class sizes;
  (2) ensure the readiness of all urban children for school, including--
  (A) full workday, full calendar-year comprehensive early childhood
  development programs;
  (B) parenting classes and parent involvement activities;
  (C) activities designed to coordinate prekindergarten and child care
  programs;
  (D) efforts to integrate developmentally appropriate prekindergarten
  services into the overall school program;
  (E) upgrading the qualifications of early childhood education staff and
  standards for programs;
  (F) collaborative efforts with health and social service agencies to provide
  comprehensive services and to facilitate the transition from home to school;
  (G) establishment of comprehensive child care centers in high schools for
  students who are parents and their children; and
  (H) augmenting early childhood development programs to meet the special
  educational and cultural needs of limited-English proficient preschool
  children;
  (3) increase the graduation rates of urban students to at least the national
  average, including--
  (A) dropout prevention activities and support services for students at-risk
  of dropping out of school;
  (B) re-entry, outreach and support activities to recruit students who have
  dropped out of school to return to school;
  (C) development of systemwide policies and practices that encourage students
  to stay in school;
  (D) efforts to provide individualized student support, such as mentoring
  programs;
  (E) collaborative activities between schools, parents, community groups,
  agencies and institutions of higher education aimed at preventing individuals
  from dropping out of school;
  (F) programs to increase student attendance; and
  (G) alternative programs for students, especially bilingual and special
  education students, who have dropped out of school or are at-risk of
  dropping out of school;
  (4) prepare urban school graduates to enter higher education, pursue
  careers and exercise their responsibilities as citizens, including--
  (A) activities designed to increase the number and percentages of students,
  particularly minority students, enrolling in postsecondary educational
  institutions after graduation from secondary schools;
  (B) in-school youth employment, vocational education, and career education
  programs that improve the transition from school to work;
  (C) activities designed in collaboration with colleges and universities
  to assist urban school graduates in completing higher education;
  (D) efforts to increase voter registration among eligible high school
  students;
  (E) activities designed to promote community service and volunteerism
  among students, parents, teachers, and the community; and
  (F) civic education and other programs designed to enhance responsible
  citizenship and understanding of the political process;
  (5) recruit and retain qualified teachers, including--
  (A) school-based management projects and activities;
  (B) programs designed to test efforts to increase the professionalization
  of teachers or to bring teachers up to national voluntary standards;
  (C) alternative routes to certification for qualified individuals from
  business, the military and other fields;
  (D) efforts to recruit and retain teachers in critical shortage areas,
  including early childhood teachers, mathematics and science teachers,
  and special education and bilingual teachers;
  (E) upgrading the skills of teacher aides and paraprofessionals to permit
  such individuals to become certified teachers;
  (F) efforts specifically designed to increase the number of minority
  teachers in urban schools;
  (G) programs designed to `grow your own' teachers;
  (H) incentives for teachers to work in inner-city schools; and
  (I) collaborative activities with urban universities to revise and upgrade
  teacher training programs; and
  (6) decrease the use of drugs and alcohol among urban students, and to
  enhance the physical and emotional health of such students, including--
  (A) activities designed to improve the self-esteem and self-worth of
  urban students;
  (B) the provision of health care services and other social services and
  the coordination of such services with other health care providers;
  (C) programs designed to improve safety and discipline and reduce in-school
  violence, vandalism, and gang activity;
  (D) activities that begin in the early grades and are designed to prevent
  drug and alcohol abuse and smoking among students and teachers;
  (E) collaborative activities with other agencies, businesses, and community
  groups to discourage the advertisement and glorification of drugs and
  alcohol;
  (F) efforts to enhance health education and nutrition education; and
  (G) alternative schools, and schools-within-schools programs, including
  bilingual and special education programs for students with special needs.
  (b) SPECIAL RULE- Funds allotted under this title may be used for the
  planning, development, operation or expansion of programs and activities
  which are designed to assist urban schools in meeting national education
  goals, and may include--
  (1) training of teachers and other educational personnel in subject
  areas, or in instructional technology and methods that would improve the
  delivery of services in urban settings and assist in the achievement of
  the national education goals, including staff development efforts that
  emphasize multicultural and gender and disability bias-free curricula;
  (2) coordination and collaboration with other municipal agencies, child
  care organizations, universities or the private sector;
  (3) parental involvement and outreach efforts and other activities designed
  to enhance parental encouragement of student learning;
  (4) guidance and psychological counseling, social work, and other support
  services that contribute to progress in achieving national education goals;
  (5) efforts to acquire and improve access to educational technology;
  (6) programs to serve homeless children, children in desegregation programs,
  immigrants, migrants, or other highly mobile populations, even if such
  individuals do not attend a school assisted under this title; and
  (7) efforts to improve and strengthen the curriculum and coordinate services
  across grade levels.
  (c) PRIORITY- Each local educational agency submitting an application
  shall give priority in designing the program to include activities that
  replicate successful efforts in other local educational agencies or expand
  successful programs within the eligible local educational agency.
SEC. 106. ACCOUNTABILITY.
  (a) IN GENERAL- The Secretary may award an allotment under this title to
  an eligible local educational agency to enable such an agency to operate
  a program under this title for a period of not more than 3 years. If an
  eligible local educational agency receiving an allotment under this title
  meets the accountability requirements described in subsection (b) at the end
  of 3 years and the requirements described in subsection (c) at the end of
  each year, as determined by the Secretary, such agency shall be eligible to
  continue the project with funds under this title for an additional 3 years.
  (b) REQUIREMENTS TO MOVE TOWARD NATIONAL EDUCATION GOALS-
  (1) PROGRAM CONTINUATION- If, after 3 years, an eligible local educational
  agency receiving an allotment under this title is able to demonstrate to
  the satisfaction of the Secretary that it has increased the achievement
  level of students in the lowest 2 quartiles in schools assisted under
  this title as measured by the statistical indicators and other criteria
  specified in the application in excess of the average such achievement
  of such students in the 3 years prior to the initiation of the project,
  then such agency shall be eligible to continue the project with funds under
  this title for an additional 3 years upon reapplication under section 103.
  (2) SPECIAL RULE- If, after 3 years, an eligible local educational agency
  receiving an allotment under this title is able to demonstrate progress
  in lieu of paragraph (1) in meeting at least 3 of the criteria described
  in paragraph (3), then such agency shall be considered to have met the
  requirements of paragraph (1) so long as the achievement level of the
  schools assisted under this title did not decline in any of the 3 previous
  school years.
  (3) CRITERIA- For purposes of paragraph (2), the criteria are as follows:
  (A) The number or percentage of preschool children served by the eligible
  local educational agency is greater than the average such number or
  percentage in the 3 previous school years.
  (B) The number or percentage of secondary school students graduating in
  the eligible local educational agency is greater than the average such
  number or percentage rate for the 3 previous school years.
  (C) The number or percentage of secondary school graduates in the eligible
  local educational agency enrolled in postsecondary education is greater
  than the average such number or percentage for the 3 previous school years.
  (D) The number or percentage of the teaching force in the eligible local
  educational agency who are minorities is greater than the average such
  number or percentage for the 3 previous school years.
  (E) The incidence of discipline, drug-related or in-school crime in the
  eligible local educational agency is less than the average such incidence
  in the 3 previous school years.
  (c) COLLECTION OF DATA- Each eligible local educational agency,
  community-based organization, university, or nonprofit partnership receiving
  an allotment under this title shall annually collect and submit to the
  Secretary data based on the statistical indicators and other criteria
  described in the application submitted by such eligible local educational
  agency for the purposes of monitoring progress in achieving national
  education goals. Such data shall include multiple measures or indicators
  of each variable, and may take into consideration the mobility of students
  in the schools served under this title.
SEC. 107. INCENTIVE AWARDS TO EXEMPLARY PROGRAMS.
  From amounts reserved pursuant to section 102(a) or otherwise made available,
  the Secretary is authorized to make competitive awards to individual schools
  participating in a program assisted under this title that demonstrate to the
  satisfaction of the Secretary success in at least 3 of the following areas:
  (1) Unusual or exemplary progress in achieving the national education
  goals through programs described in section 105.
  (2) Exemplary or unusually effective collaborative arrangements between
  schools, community-based organizations, agencies, parent groups, colleges
  and businesses.
  (3) Identification, review, and removal of potential barriers to student
  performance in achieving national education goals, including a decrease in
  suspensions, expulsions, in-grade retentions, and ability groupings, and
  lack of access to course offerings in pre-algebra and introductory algebra.
  (4) Substantial expansion of the hours that schools remain open for
  community use or student after-school recreation.
SEC. 108. REGULATORY ASSESSMENT.
  (a) REPORT ON URBAN PUBLIC SCHOOLS- In order to assist eligible local
  educational agencies under this Act in improving the performance of urban
  school children, the Secretary shall, not later than January 1, 1993,
  prepare a report on the impact of Federal regulations, guidelines and
  policies on urban public schools.
  (b) CONTENTS OF REPORT- (1) The report shall analyze the impact of Federal
  legal, regulatory, policy and organizational requirements on the time and
  resources that eligible local educational agencies assisted under this
  Act have for educating students, including fiscal resources, staff time,
  facilities, instructional equipment, and services.
  (2) The report shall make recommendations on how best to simplify Federal
  regulations, guidelines and policies so that more resources can be devoted
  to improving urban school performance.
  (3) The report shall also identify the regulations in which a waiver might
  be used as an incentive or reward for exceptional progress in meeting
  national education goals.
  (c) SPECIFIC ISSUES FOR ANALYSIS- In preparing the report required by
  subsection (a), the Secretary shall analyze--
  (1) the effect of regulatory requirements on local program flexibility
  and management within eligible local educational agencies;
  (2) the effect of regulatory requirements on the size, cost and composition
  of administrative practices within eligible local educational agencies;
  (3) the extent to which regulatory requirements are duplicative or
  contradictory;
  (4) the amount of time and resources that school administrators and teachers
  must spend responding to data requests and reporting requirements pursuant
  to Federal law;
  (5) the extent to which regulatory requirements are related to instructional
  rather than noninstructional practices in eligible local educational
  agencies;
  (6) the relationship between specific regulatory requirements and the
  educational performance of urban students; and
  (7) how the waiver or simplification of regulatory requirements could
  enhance the performance of urban school children and the progress of urban
  schools in meeting national education goals.
  (d) SAMPLE DATA- The Secretary may, in developing the report described in
  subsection (a), use appropriate sampling techniques.
  (e) CONSULTATION WITH CONGRESS- The Secretary shall consult with the
  Committee on Education and Labor of the House of Representatives and the
  Committee on Labor and Human Resources of the Senate concerning the design
  of the report described in this section.
SEC. 109. LOCAL ADVISORY GROUP.
  (a) ESTABLISHMENT- Any local educational agency desiring to receive an
  allotment under this Act shall form a local advisory group.
  (b) COMPOSITION-
  (1) IN GENERAL- Each local advisory group referred to in subsection (a)
  shall be composed of representatives of such groups as--
  (A) local government agencies;
  (B) community-based organizations;
  (C) service providers;
  (D) teachers;
  (E) parents;
  (F) colleges and universities;
  (G) businesses;
  (H) principals and other school administrators;
  (I) counselors, school psychologists and social workers;
  (J) students;
  (K) State educational agencies and State boards of education;
  (L) labor;
  (M) Offices of the mayor;
  (N) religious leaders; and
  (O) organizations with an interest in improving urban education and
  expertise in the delivery of services needed by the schools selected to
  participate in a program assisted under this Act.
  (2) APPOINTMENT- The superintendent of schools and the president of the
  board of education of the eligible local educational agency shall appoint
  the members of the local advisory group.
  (3) REPRESENTATION- The local advisory group shall be representative of
  the community and shall be balanced according to race, ethnicity, native
  language background, and gender, to the extent practicable.
  (c) FUNCTIONS- The local advisory group shall--
  (1) advise the eligible local educational agency on the design and conduct of
  a needs assessment for all schools expected to participate in the program
  assisted under this title;
  (2) assist in planning for community-wide collaboration in service delivery
  for students in schools expected to be served by the program assisted
  under this title;
  (3) advise the eligible local educational agency and the community on how
  they can work together to use multiple service providers;
  (4) advise and assist the eligible local educational agency on the
  implementation of the program assisted under this title and review
  evaluations of such program's success;
  (5) review and approve applications submitted to the eligible local
  educational agency by community-based organizations pursuant to section
  103(b);
  (6) advise the eligible local educational agency on strategies for increasing
  parent involvement and the number of school volunteers and role models in
  schools; and
  (7) review the success of community-based programs assisted under this
  title for progress on the national education goals.
  (d) USE OF EXISTING LOCAL ADVISORY GROUP- To the extent that an eligible
  local educational agency has established a broadly representative local
  advisory group before enactment of this Act that is comparable to the local
  advisory group described in this section, such existing local advisory group
  shall be considered to be in compliance with the provisions of this section.
SEC. 110. SPECIAL RULES.
  (a) RANKING OF SCHOOLS TO DETERMINE RELATIVE NEED-
  (1) IN GENERAL- Each eligible local educational agency desiring to receive
  an allotment under this title shall, in order to determine which schools
  are most in need of services, separately rank all elementary and secondary
  schools under the jurisdiction of such agency on the basis of--
  (A) achievement;
  (B) poverty; and
  (C) racial isolation.
  (2) PERCENTAGE OF SCHOOLS TO BE SERVED- Each eligible local educational
  agency that receives an allotment under this title shall serve at least 10
  percent, but not more than 20 percent, of the schools under the jurisdiction
  of such agency.
  (3) CRITERIA FOR SCHOOLS TO BE SERVED- Subject to the provisions of paragraph
  (2) of this section, each eligible local educational agency that receives
  an allotment under this title--
  (A) shall serve any school that is determined to be most in need with
  respect to all 3 rankings described in paragraph (1);
  (B) may serve any school that is determined to be most in need with respect
  to any 1 or more of such rankings; and
  (C) may serve any school that received assistance under this title in a
  previous fiscal year.
  (b) FLEXIBILITY- Each eligible local educational agency shall have the
  flexibility to serve homeless children, desegregating students, immigrants,
  migrants or other highly mobile populations within the program assisted
  under this title.
  (c) CHAPTER 1 SCHOOL IMPROVEMENT PLAN- The approved program for any school
  served under sections 1020 and 1021 of the Elementary and Secondary Education
  Act of 1965, may be considered sufficient to meet the requirements of the
  provisions of section 106(b)(1) of this Act.
TITLE II--SCHOOL BUILDING REPAIR AND RENOVATION
SEC. 201. PURPOSE; AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.
  (a) PURPOSE- It is the purpose of this title to provide assistance to
  eligible local educational agencies to assist such agencies in repairing,
  and renovating, instructional facilities in city schools.
  (b) AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS- There are authorized to be appropriated
  $1,500,000,000 for fiscal year 1992 and such sums as may be necessary
  for each of the fiscal years 1993, 1994, 1995, 1996, 1997, 1998, 1999,
  and 2000 to carry out the provisions of this title.
SEC. 202. ALLOCATION OF FUNDS.
  (a) RESERVATION- From the amount appropriated or otherwise made available to
  carry out the provisions of this title for any fiscal year, the Secretary
  shall reserve 1 percent of such amount to monitor activities assisted
  under this title.
  (b) ALLOTMENTS- From the remainder of sums not reserved under subsection
  (a), the Secretary shall allot to eligible local educational agencies with
  an approved application--
  (1) 33 percent of such funds on the basis of the number of children in
  the eligible local educational agency between the ages of 5 and 17 who are
  members of families whose income does not exceed the income official poverty
  line (as defined by the Office of Management and Budget), according to the
  most recent decennial census, divided by the number of all such children
  in all eligible local educational agencies;
  (2) 33 percent of such funds on the basis of the number of school buildings
  used for instructional purposes in the eligible local educational agency,
  divided by the number of all such buildings in all eligible local educational
  agencies; and
  (3) 33 percent of such funds on the basis of the number of school buildings
  in the eligible local educational agency which are used for instructional
  purposes and which are more than 25 years old, divided by the number of
  all such buildings in all eligible local educational agencies.
SEC. 203. APPLICATION.
  (a) APPLICATION-
  (1) IN GENERAL- Any eligible local educational agency desiring to receive
  an allotment to carry out the provisions of this title shall submit to the
  Secretary an application at such time, in such manner and accompanied by
  such information as the Secretary may reasonably require.
  (2) DURATION- Each application shall be submitted for a period of not more
  than 3 years.
  (3) ANNUAL REVIEW- Each application shall be subject to annual review.
  (b) CONTENTS- Each application shall contain--
  (1) an assessment of needs for building repair, renovation and construction;
  (2) the name and location of all sites scheduled for repair, renovation
  or construction and a description of the activities planned at each site; and
  (3) a description of accounting procedures used to assure proper disbursement
  of Federal funds.
SEC. 204. USES OF FUNDS.
  Each eligible local educational agency receiving an allotment under section
  202(b) shall use such allotment to conduct programs for--
  (1) repair and renovation of school buildings used for instruction;
  (2) installation or upgrading of school security and communications systems;
  (3) construction of new buildings that will serve to replace old facilities
  that are most cost effectively torn down rather than renovated;
  (4) alterations to buildings to meet special program, curricula, or
  school-site management needs;
  (5) alterations to buildings to meet certain special population needs,
  such as the needs of homeless children and preschool children;
  (6) alterations to school buildings to enable such buildings to serve as
  one-stop family support centers;
  (7) facilities' costs associated with lengthening the school day or
  school year;
  (8) upgrading of and alterations to buildings to accommodate new
  instructional technology;
  (9) energy conservation;
  (10) removal or containment of environmentally hazardous  material, such
  as asbestos, lead, and radon;
  (11) meeting the requirements of section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of
  1973; and
  (12) meeting local, State, or Federal codes passed since the initial
  construction of a building related to fire, air, light, noise, waste
  disposal, building height or other.
TITLE III--URBAN SCHOOL RESEARCH
SEC. 301. AUTHORIZATION.
  There are authorized to be appropriated to the National Institute for
  Urban Education $100,000,000 for fiscal year 1992, and such sums as may
  be necessary for each of the fiscal years 1993, 1994, 1995, 1996, 1997,
  1998, 1999, and 2000 to carry out the provisions of this title.
SEC. 302. ASSISTANT SECRETARY FOR URBAN EDUCATION.
  (a) AMENDMENTS TO THE DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION ORGANIZATION ACT-
  (1) Section 202(b)(1) of the Department of Education Organization Act
  (20 U.S.C. 3412) is amended--
  (A) by striking `and' at the end of subparagraph (F) and redesignating
  subparagraph `(G)' as subparagraph `(H)';
  (B) by inserting after subparagraph (F) the following:
  `(G) an Assistant Secretary for Urban Education.'.
  (2) Title II of the Department of Education Organization Act (20 U.S.C. 3401
  et seq.) is amended--
  by adding at the end the following;
`SEC. 216. NATIONAL INSTITUTE FOR URBAN EDUCATION.
  `There shall be in the Department a National Institute for Urban Education,
  established in accordance with title III of the Urban Schools of America
  (USA) Act of 1991.'.
  (b) AMENDMENT TO TITLE V- Section 5315 of title 5, United States Code is
  amended by striking `Assistant Secretaries of Education (6)' and inserting
  `Assistant Secretaries of Education (7)'.
SEC. 303. RESERVATION, ALLOTMENT, ALLOCATION.
  (a) RESERVATION FOR NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF URBAN EDUCATION- From the amount
  appropriated or otherwise made available to carry out the provisions of
  this title in any fiscal year, the Assistant Secretary for Urban Education
  (referred to in this title as the `Assistant Secretary') shall reserve
  20 percent of such funds for the operation of the National Institute for
  Urban Education (referred to in this title as the `Institute').
  (b) ALLOTMENTS TO ELIGIBLE LOCAL EDUCATIONAL AGENCIES- From the remainder of
  sums not reserved under subsection (a), the Assistant Secretary shall make
  allotments to eligible local educational agencies in an amount which bears
  the same relation to such remainder as the number of students enrolled in
  the eligible local educational agency bears to the total number of students
  enrolled in all eligible local educational agencies.
SEC. 304. NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF URBAN EDUCATION.
  (a) ESTABLISHMENT- From amounts reserved under section 303(a), the Assistant
  Secretary shall establish an institute to be known as the National Institute
  of Urban Education.
  (b) FUNCTIONS- The Institute shall--
  (1) assist eligible local educational agencies under this Act, or consortia
  of such agencies, in developing research and evaluation activities to
  assess progress toward meeting the national education goals;
  (2) provide for the conduct of research which will assist urban schools
  in enhancing learning, teaching, and system management;
  (3) provide training in research and evaluation methods and techniques
  that meet the purposes of this Act;
  (4) evaluate and disseminate among eligible local educational agencies
  results of activities conducted pursuant to title I of this Act;
  (5) design and coordinate, in consultation with eligible local educational
  agencies, a comprehensive and cohesive research and evaluation strategy
  for assessing progress under this Act;
  (6) serve as a clearinghouse on urban education research and evaluation
  findings, policies, and practices;
  (7) design, test, define, and promote common indicators of progress toward
  the national education goals; and
  (8) design, develop, and test new measures of school progress toward the
  national education goals.
  (c) GOVERNANCE- The Institute shall have a Governing Board.
  (1) COMPOSITION AND APPOINTMENT-
  (A) COMPOSITION- The Governing Board shall consist of 22 members, selected
  from a pool of candidates nominated by the superintendent and the president
  of the eligible local educational agencies.
  (B) APPOINTMENT- The Majority Leader of the House of Representatives
  and the Majority Leader of the Senate shall each appoint six members to
  the Governing Board from individuals nominated pursuant to subparagraph
  (A). The Minority Leader of the House of Representatives and the Minority
  Leader of the Senate shall each appoint 3 members to the Governing Board
  from individuals nominated pursuant to subparagraph (A). The Secretary
  shall appoint 4 members to the Governing Board from individuals nominated
  pursuant to subparagraph (A).
  (2) TERMS OF OFFICE-
  (A) IN GENERAL- Members of the Governing Board shall be appointed for a
  period of 3 years.
  (B) REAPPOINTMENT- Members of the Governing Board may be reappointed to
  the Governing Board.
  (3) DUTIES- The Governing Board shall--
  (A) establish the national research and evaluation program for the Institute;
  (B) review the programs and activities of the Institute; and
  (C) issue an annual report to the Congress and the public on the progress
  of urban schools in meeting the goals of this Act.
  (4) LEADERSHIP- The Assistant Secretary shall be the primary individual
  responsible for the daily operation of the Institute.
  (5) STAFF- Such personnel as the Institute deems necessary may be appointed
  to carry out the functions of the Institute.
  (d) CONTRACTS AND GRANTS-
  (1) IN GENERAL- To the extent provided for in advance in appropriation Acts,
  the Institute may award grants to or enter into contracts with eligible
  local educational agencies, universities, research and development centers,
  private corporations, or regional educational laboratories to carry out
  the duties of the Institute.
  (2) COMPETITIVE AWARDS- Grants and contracts awarded under paragraph (1)
  shall be awarded on a competitive basis.
SEC. 305. APPLICATION.
  (a) IN GENERAL- Any eligible local educational agency desiring to receive
  an allotment under section 303(b) shall--
  (1) submit an application to the Assistant Secretary;
  (2) consult with the Department of Education, local universities,
  research institutes, laboratories, or centers for purposes of planning and
  implementing a plan of research and technical assistance for the eligible
  local educational agency and schools within the jurisdiction of the eligible
  local educational agency; and
  (3) describe in the application a research and technical assistance plan
  and how assistance provided under this title will be used to assess progress
  on the national education goals.
  (b) CONSORTIA- Eligible local educational agencies may pool their allotments
  under section 303(b), in whole or in part, to design and conduct cooperative
  data collection, evaluation and information dissemination activities.
SEC. 306. USES OF FUNDS.
  Funds allotted to eligible local educational agencies under section 303(b)
  may be used for--
  (1) collaborative and coordinated research and evaluation of educational
  techniques or approaches used in multiple eligible local educational
  agencies;
  (2) evaluation of projects assisted under title I;
  (3) collection and dissemination of information on successful projects
  and approaches assisted under title I;
  (4) design and implementation of extension service programs to allow
  an eligible local educational agency to provide technical assistance to
  individual schools and teachers involved in projects assisted under title I;
  (5) provision of data and information management services to individual
  schools assisted under title I;
  (6) provision of staff training in schools assisted under title I;
  (7) evaluation of progress made by eligible local educational agencies
  assisted under this Act in meeting national education goals;
  (8) provision of staff training in test interpretation and use for
  diagnostic purposes;
  (9) provision of information to parents on test results and test
  interpretation;
  (10) provision of technology and training in its research and evaluation
  uses;
  (11) development of assessment tools of students in individualized
  instruction;
  (12) research on school policies and practices which may be barriers to
  the success of students in school; and
  (13) development and testing of new multiple, alternative assessments of
  student progress toward the national education goals which are race and
  gender bias-free and sensitive to limited-English proficient and disabled
  students.
TITLE IV--GENERAL PROVISIONS
SEC. 401. INTERAGENCY COUNCIL ON URBAN SCHOOLS.
  (a) ESTABLISHMENT- There is established the Interagency Council on Urban
  Schools (hereafter in this section referred to as the `Council').
  (b) COMPOSITION-
  (1) IN GENERAL- The Council shall consist of--
  (A) the Secretary of Education who shall serve as Chairperson of the Council;
  (B) the Secretary of Labor;
  (C) the Secretary of Health and Human Services;
  (D) the Secretary of Agriculture;
  (E) the Attorney General of the United States;
  (F) the Secretary of Energy;
  (G) the Director of the Environmental Protection Agency;
  (H) the Director of the Commission on Civil Rights;
  (I) the Chairperson of the Advisory Commission on Intergovernmental
  Relations;
  (J) the Chairpersons of the National Endowments on the Arts and the
  Humanities;
  (K) the Director of the National Science Foundation;
  (L) the Secretary of Housing and Urban Development; and
  (M) such other officers of the Federal Government  as may be designated by
  the President or the Chairperson of the Council to serve wherever matters
  within the jurisdiction of the agency headed by such an officer are to be
  considered by the Council.
  (2) REPRESENTATION- Each individual described in paragraph (1) may designate
  a person to represent such individual on the Council.
  (3) DURATION- Each member shall be appointed for as long as such member
  serves as the head of the appropriate department or agency.
  (4) PRINCIPAL ADVISOR- The Chairperson of the Council shall be the
  President's principal advisor on urban schools.
  (c) QUORUM- Seven members of the Council shall constitute a quorum for the
  purposes of transmitting recommendations and proposals to the President,
  but a lesser number may meet for other reasons.
  (d) MEETINGS- The Council shall meet at least 2 times each year. When a
  Council member is unable to attend a meeting, the Council member shall
  appoint an appropriate Assistant Secretary or an equivalent individual
  from the department or agency of the member to represent the member for
  that meeting.
  (e) DUTIES OF THE COUNCIL- The Council shall--
  (1) review programs and activities conducted by each department or agency
  represented on the Council to determine the effects of such programs and
  activities on the ability of urban schools to meet national education goals;
  (2) track progress of urban schools in meeting national education goals;
  (3) solicit information and advice from experts in urban education and
  representatives of urban schools on how the Federal Government could
  improve the programs and activities of the Federal Government which serve
  urban school students;
  (4) review regulations across various departments or agencies of the
  Federal Government for duplication or contradiction;
  (5) submit an annual report to Congress and the President regarding the
  progress urban schools are making in meeting national education goals, and
  on how Congress might change Federal programs to improve the effectiveness
  of such programs in urban schools;
  (6) review and make recommendations regarding ways to improve or streamline
  various Federal data collection activities in urban schools; and
  (7) conduct such research as may be helpful to urban school practitioners
  in improving the performance of students attending urban schools.
SEC. 402. WHITE HOUSE CONFERENCE ON URBAN EDUCATION.
  (a) AUTHORIZATION TO CALL CONFERENCE-
  (1) IN GENERAL- The President is authorized to call and conduct a White House
  Conference on Urban Education (hereafter referred to as the `Conference')
  which shall be held not earlier than November 1, 1992, and not later than
  October 30, 1993.
  (2) PURPOSE- The purpose of the White House Conference on Urban Education
  shall be to--
  (A) develop recommendations and strategies for the improvement of urban
  education;
  (B) marshal the forces of the private sector, governmental agencies at all
  levels, parents, teachers, communities, and education officials to assist
  urban schools in achieving national education goals; and
  (C) conduct the initial planning for a permanent national advisory commission
  on urban education.
  (b) COMPOSITION OF CONFERENCE-
  (1) IN GENERAL- The Conference shall be composed of 12 individuals,
  including--
  (A) representatives of urban public school systems, including board of
  education members and school superintendents;
  (B) representatives of the Congress, the Department of Education and other
  Federal agencies;
  (C) State elected officials and representatives from State educational
  agencies; and
  (D) individuals with special knowledge of and expertise in urban education.
  (2) SELECTION- The President shall select one-third of the participants of
  the Conference, the Speaker of the House of Representatives shall select
  one-third of such participants, and the President pro tempore of the Senate
  shall select the remaining one-third of such participants.
  (3) REPRESENTATION- In selecting the participants of the Conference the
  President, the Speaker of the House of Representatives, and the President
  pro tempore of the Senate shall ensure that the participants are as
  representative of the ethnic, racial, and linguistic diversity of cities
  as is practicable.
  (c) REPORTS-
  (1) IN GENERAL- A final report of the Conference, containing such findings
  and recommendations as may be made by the Conference, shall be submitted
  to the President not later than 120 days following the termination of
  the Conference. The final report shall be made public and, within 90 days
  after receipt by the President, transmitted to the Congress together with
  a statement of the President containing recommendations for implementing
  the report.
  (2) PUBLICATION AND DISTRIBUTION- The Conference is authorized to publish
  and distribute the report described in this section. Copies of the report
  shall be provided to the Federal depository libraries and made available
  to local urban school leaders.
  (d) AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS-
  (1) IN GENERAL- There are authorized to be appropriated for fiscal year
  1993 $5,000,000 to carry out the provisions of this section.
  (2) AVAILABILITY- Amounts made available pursuant to the authority of
  paragraph (1) shall remain available until expended.
SEC. 403. AUGUSTUS F. HAWKINS NATIONAL COMMISSION ON URBAN EDUCATION.
  (a) ESTABLISHMENT- There is established a National Commission on Urban
  Education (in this Act referred to as the `Commission').
  (b) MEMBERSHIP-
  (1) IN GENERAL- The Commission shall be composed of 12 members as follows:
  (A) Four of the members shall be appointed by the President.
  (B) Four of the members shall be appointed by the Speaker of the House,
  including two Members of the House, of which 1 shall be from each political
  party.
  (C) Four of the members shall be appointed by the President pro tempore
  of the Senate, including 2 members of the Senate, of which 1 shall be from
  each political party.
  (2) CHAIRPERSON- The Chairperson of the Commission shall be elected by the
  members of the Commission and shall continue to serve for the duration of
  the Commission.
  (3) VACANCIES- Any vacancy in the Commission shall be filled in the same
  manner as the original appointment.
  (c) DUTIES- The Commission shall study the following issues:
  (1) DEMOGRAPHIC CHANGES- Demographic changes in student enrollment and
  classroom teachers in the 10-year period prior to the date of enactment
  of this Act.
  (2) SPECIAL NEEDS- Numbers and types of special needs of students in
  urban schools.
  (3) UNSERVED OR UNDERSERVED STUDENTS- Number of unserved or underserved
  students in urban schools eligible for assistance under the Head Start Act,
  chapter 1 of title I of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965,
  School Dropout Demonstration Assistance Act of 1988, Drug Free Schools and
  Communities Act of 1986, Carl D. Perkins Vocational and Applied Technology
  Education Act, Education of the Handicapped Act and other Federal programs.
  (4) STUDENT PERFORMANCE- Program and management efforts in urban schools
  designed to enhance student performance, and reasons for the effectiveness
  of such efforts.
  (5) FINANCIAL SUPPORT- Financial support and funding needs of urban schools
  from local, State, and Federal sources.
  (6) COLLABORATIVE EFFORTS- Collaborative efforts and programs between
  urban schools, the private sector, and community groups.
  (7) SUPPLY NEEDS- Supply needs for teachers in urban schools in the 10-year
  period beginning on the date of enactment of this Act.
  (d) REPORTS-
  (1) IN GENERAL- The Commission shall submit a report that includes
  recommendations to the President and to the appropriate committees of the
  Congress on the findings of the study required by this section. The report
  shall be submitted as soon as practicable.
  (2) PROPOSAL FOR CHANGES IN FEDERAL LEGISLATION- The report submitted under
  this section shall include proposals for changes in Federal legislation.
  (e) STAFF- Such personnel as the Commission deems necessary may be
  appointed by the Commission without regard to the provisions of title 5,
  United States Code, governing appointments in the competitive service, and
  may be paid without regard to the provisions of chapter 51 and subtitle
  III of chapter 53 of such title relating to classification and General
  Schedule pay rates, but no individual so appointed shall be paid in excess
  of the rate of basic pay for level III of the Executive Schedule.
  (f) COMPENSATION-
  (1) IN GENERAL- Members of the Commission who are officers or full-time
  employees of the United States shall receive no additional pay, allowances,
  or benefits by reason of their service on the Commission.
  (2) TRAVEL EXPENSES- Each member shall receive travel expenses, including
  per diem in lieu of subsistence, as authorized by section 5702 and 5703
  of title 5, United States Code.
  (3) SPECIAL RULE- Members of the Commission who are not officers or full-time
  employees of the United States may receive a per diem and travel allowance
  as is provided by the United States Code for persons in the Government
  service employed intermittently.
  (g) ADMINISTRATION-
  (1) IN GENERAL- The Commission or, on the authorization of the Commission,
  any committee thereof, may, for the purpose of carrying out the provisions
  of this section, hold such hearings and sit and act at such times and
  such places within the United States as the Commission or such committee
  considers advisable.
  (2) CONSULTATION- In carrying out its duties under this section, the
  Commission shall consult with other Federal agencies, representatives
  of State and local governments, and private organizations to the extent
  feasible.
  (3) INFORMATION- The Commission may secure directly from any department or
  agency of the United States information necessary to enable it to carry out
  this section. Upon request of the Chairperson of the Commission, the head of
  such department or agency shall furnish that information to the Commission.
  (4) CONTRACTS- The Commission is authorized to enter into contracts to
  secure the necessary data and information to conduct its work and to obtain
  the services of experts and consultants.
  (5) COOPERATION- The heads of all Federal agencies are, to the extent
  practicable, directed to cooperate with the Commission in carrying out
  this section.
  (6) SPECIAL RULE- The Commission is authorized to utilize, with the consent
  of such agencies, the services, personnel, information, and  facilities
  of other Federal, State, local, and  private agencies with or without
  reimbursement.
  (h) TERMINATION- The Commission shall terminate 3 years after the date of
  its first meeting.
  (i) AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS-
  (1) IN GENERAL- There are authorized to be appropriated for fiscal years
  1992 through 1994 such sums as may be necessary to carry out the provisions
  of this section.
  (2) AVAILABILITY- Amounts appropriated pursuant to the authority of paragraph
  (1) shall remain available until expended  or until the termination of
  the Commission, whichever occurs first.
SEC. 404. FEDERAL FUNDS TO SUPPLEMENT NOT SUPPLANT NON-FEDERAL FUNDS.
  An eligible local educational agency may use funds received under this Act
  only to supplement or to increase the level of funds that would, in the
  absence of such Federal funds, be made available from non-Federal sources
  for the education of students participating in activities assisted under
  this Act and in no case may such funds be used to supplant funds from
  non-Federal sources.
SEC. 405. DEFINITIONS.
  Except as otherwise provided, for the purposes of this Act:
  (1) CENTRAL CITY- The term `central city' has the same meaning as that
  used by the United States Census Bureau.
  (2) COMMUNITY-BASED ORGANIZATION- The term `community-based organization'
  means a private nonprofit organization which is representative of a community
  or significant segments of a community and which has a proven record of
  providing effective educational or related services to individuals in
  the community.
  (3) ELIGIBLE LOCAL EDUCATIONAL AGENCY- The term `eligible local educational
  agency' means a local educational agency which--
  (i) serves the largest central city in a State;
  (ii) enrolls more than 30,000 students and serves a central city with a
  population of at least 200,000 in a metropolitan statistical area; or
  (iii) enrolls between 25,000 and 30,000 students and serves a central city
  with a population of at least 140,000 in a metropolitan statistical area.
  (4) INSTITUTION OF HIGHER LEARNING- The term `institution of higher
  education' has the meaning given to such term in section 1201(a) of the
  Higher Education Act of 1965.
  (5) LOCAL EDUCATIONAL AGENCY- The term `local educational agency' has
  the meaning given to such term in section 1421(12) of the Elementary and
  Secondary Education Act of 1965.
  (6) METROPOLITAN STATISTICAL AREA- The term `metropolitan statistical area'
  has the same meaning as that used by the United States Census Bureau.
  (7) POVERTY LEVEL- The term `poverty level' means the criteria of poverty
  used by the Bureau of the Census in compiling the most recent decennial
  census for a family of 4 in such form as those criteria have been updated
  by increases in the Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers.
  (8) SECRETARY- The term `Secretary' means the Secretary of Education.
  (9) STATE- The term `State' means each of the several States and the District
  of Columbia, but does not include Guam, American Samoa, the Commonwealth
  of Puerto Rico, the United States Virgin Islands, the Commonwealth of
  the Northern Mariana Islands, the Republic of the Marshall Islands, the
  Federated States of Micronesia, and Palau.
  (10) STATE EDUCATIONAL AGENCY- The term `State educational agency' has
  the meaning given to such term in section 1471(23) of the Elementary and
  Secondary Education Act of 1965.