Bill summaries are authored by CRS.

Shown Here:
Passed House amended (06/19/1991)

Foreign Operations, Export Financing, and Related Programs Appropriations Act, 1992 - Makes appropriations for FY 1992 for the payment at maturity, or the redemption or buying before maturity, of a Government obligation included in the public debt for purposes of reducing a portion of such debt caused by borrowings to finance specified international affairs accounts.

Title I: Multilateral Economic Assistance - Makes appropriations for FY 1992 for the U.S. contribution to the: (1) International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (World Bank) and the Global Environmental Facility of such bank; (2) the International Development Association; (3) the International Finance Corporation; (4) the Inter-American Development Bank and the Fund for Special Operations of such bank; (5) the Inter-American Investment Corporation; (6) the Enterprise for the Americas Investment Fund; (7) the Asian Development Bank; (8) the Asian Development Fund; (9) the African Development Fund; (10) the African Development Bank; and (11) the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD).

Limits the callable capital portion of the U.S. share of increases in the stock of the World Bank, the Inter-American Development Bank, the Asian Development Bank, the African Development Bank, and the EBRD.

Requires the President to reduce from the amounts obligated for the International Development Association and the Asian Development Bank the U.S. proportionate share of any loans approved for China for non-basic human needs since October 1, 1991, if China is denied most-favored-nation trading status.

Limits the amount of funds for the International Finance Corporation that may be expended for the purchase of stock.

Directs the Secretary of the Treasury to instruct the U.S. executive director of the Inter-American Development Bank to oppose assistance to any recipient who refuses to agree to conduct procurement of goods or services utilizing Bank funds in a nondiscriminatory manner.

Requires the Secretary to certify to the Appropriations Committees that none of the funds for the Asian Development Fund will be made available for China.

Makes appropriations for FY 1992 for reports calculating for loans, guarantees, and insurance commitments for credit programs within the international affairs (Budget Function 150) account: (1) the probability of repayment on loans and default on guarantees; (2) subsidy estimates for each country and credit program; and (3) risk assessments for each country within each credit program.

Makes appropriations for FY 1992 for international organizations and programs. Prohibits such funds from being made available to the United Nations Fund for Science and Technology. Earmarks specified amounts of such funds for certain international organizations and United Nations programs. Provides that funds may be made available to the International Atomic Energy Agency only if the Secretary of State reports to the Congress that Israel is not being denied its right to participate in the Agency. Permits funds to be made available for the Tropical Forestry Action Plan (TFAP) only if the Secretary reports to the Congress that: (1) TFAP has been reorganized, with an international steering committee and secretariat independent of the Food and Agriculture Organization; (2) TFAP's responsibilities have been broadened to include areas outside the forestry sector; and (3) procedures exist to ensure increased participation in TFAP plans.

Title II: Bilateral Economic Assistance - Makes appropriations for FY 1992 for development assistance. Earmarks amounts for: (1) health and child survival activities and activities relating to research on, and the treatment and control of, acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS); (2) development projects of private entities and cooperatives for dairy development; (3) the Vitamin A Deficiency Program and activities relating to iodine deficiency and other micro-nutrients; (4) U.S. participation in the Associate Professional Officers Program of the international food agencies; (5) activities relating to the control and prevention of River Blindness; (6) operations for blind children; (7) cooperative projects among the United States, Israel, and developing countries (with amounts made available for the Cooperative Development Program and cooperative development research projects); (8) the Central and Latin American Rural Electrification Support project; (9) technical assistance and training programs for Soviet and Czechoslovakian statisticians and economists; and (10) Soviet and East European research and training.

Limits the amount to be made available for child survival activities for Laos.

Earmarks amounts from funds made available for the Agency for International Development (AID) under this title for: (1) child survival activities; and (2) programs in support of basic education activities.

Makes appropriations for FY 1992 for population planning assistance. Prohibits funding for coercive abortion or involuntary sterilization. Earmarks amounts for: (1) the AID Office of Population; and (2) the United Nations Population Fund (only for contraceptive commodities and related logistics). Prohibits such funds from being made available for programs in China. Applies prohibitions on the use of funds for abortion and involuntary sterilization to funds for the Fund. Requires the Fund to maintain such funds in a separate account, without commingling. Provides for the refund of such funds to the United States if the Fund provides more than a specified amount for family planning programs for China. Prohibits the obligation of any amount for the Fund if China is denied most-favored-nation trading status.

Makes appropriations for FY 1992 for the Development Fund for Africa. Earmarks an amount for activities supported by the Southern African Development Coordination Conference. Provides for the transfer of a specified amount of such funds for the International Fund for Agricultural Development's Special Programme for Subsaharan African Countries Affected by Drought and Desertification.

Prohibits the transfer of funds appropriated by this Act to the Government of Zaire.

Earmarks development assistance funds for: (1) displaced children; (2) children in Cambodia; (3) civilians injured as a result of civil strife and warfare; (4) women in development; and (5) Burmese students.

Prohibits any development assistance funds from being made available to U.S. private and voluntary organizations (except cooperative development organizations) which obtain less than 20 percent of annual funding for international activities from sources other than the U.S. Government. Provides that such prohibition shall supersede certain provisions with respect to such organizations of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 and the Foreign Assistance and Related Programs Appropriations Act, 1985.

Earmarks an amount of development assistance for humanitarian assistance to Romania (with amounts for AIDS activities, child health, foster care and adoption activities, and family planning, subject to certain conditions).

Limits the amount of commitments for certain loan guarantees and direct loans under the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961.

Makes appropriations for FY 1992 for: (1) American schools and hospitals abroad; (2) international disaster assistance; (3) the Foreign Service Retirement and Disability Fund; and (4) AID operating expenses.

Requires AID, in order to effectively monitor the West Bank and Gaza program, to station one professional at either the Consulate General in Jerusalem or the embassy in Tel Aviv. Directs AID to increase the number of direct-hire professional environmental and energy staff by 20 over the number of such staff within AID at the end of FY 1991.

Makes appropriations for FY 1992 for the AID Office of the Inspector General. Prohibits the use of funds from any Act to relocate the overseas offices of the Inspector General to a U.S. location without the Inspector General's approval. Requires the number of positions authorized for such office in Washington and overseas to be at least 251 by the end of FY 1992. Authorizes the Inspector General to establish a regional office in Europe to carry out responsibilities with regard to assistance for Eastern Europe.

Makes appropriations for FY 1992 for: (1) modifying direct loans authorized under development and economic support assistance provisions of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 and under provisions of the Export-Import Bank Act of 1945; and (2) economic support fund (ESF) assistance.

Earmarks amounts of ESF assistance for: (1) Israel; (2) Egypt, including an amount for the Commodity Import Program; (3) the West Bank and Gaza Program; and (4) scholarships or bicommunal projects for Cyprus.

Authorizes funds for Egypt to be provided through cash transfer assistance if Egypt will undertake economic reforms.

Expresses the sense of the Congress that the recommended levels of ESF assistance for Egypt and Israel are based on their continued participation in the Camp David Accords and upon the Egyptian-Israeli peace treaty.

Prohibits ESF funds from being made available for El Salvador's Special Investigative Unit until the Secretary of State submits a plan of the El Salvadoran Government to transfer the Unit from military to civilian control.

Prohibits ESF assistance to Zaire.

Limits the amount of ESF assistance for tied aid credits and for humanitarian assistance for Armenia.

Earmarks ESF assistance for technical assistance in support of democratic or market-oriented reforms for Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania and eligible recipients in the Soviet Union that request such assistance. Permits such assistance to be provided only through the government of such state or republic or through nongovernmental organizations. Defines "an eligible recipient in the Soviet Union" as the government of any republic or local government that was elected through free and fair elections, any indigenous nongovernmental organization that promotes democratic reforms, human rights, the rule of law, or market-oriented reforms, or any Soviet governmental agency that promotes such reforms, provided that funds are not provided directly to such agency.

Makes appropriations for FY 1992 for: (1) the U.S. contribution to the International Fund for Ireland; (2) the Multilateral Assistance Initiative for the Philippines; and (3) nonproject sector assistance for the Philippines.

Requires the President, if the United States and the Government of the Philippines are unable to agree to a military base agreement, to report to the Appropriations Committees justifying requested or modified assistance levels for the Philippines in light of the failure to achieve such agreement.

Makes appropriations for FY 1992 for economic assistance for Eastern Europe. Earmarks amounts of such assistance for: (1) technical assistance and training and for assistance to support housing sectors; (2) environment and energy activities; (3) activities to foster democratic pluralism; and (4) the Polish-American, Hungarian-American, and other Enterprise Funds and for other private enterprise activities.

Makes appropriations for FY 1992 for: (1) independent agencies and the African Development Foundation; (2) the Inter-American Foundation; (3) the Overseas Private Investment Corporation (OPIC) for direct and guaranteed loan programs; (4) the Peace Corps (prohibits abortion funding); (5) international narcotics control; (6) the U.S. contribution to the International Red Cross and assistance to refugees; (7) the U.S. Emergency Refugee and Migration Assistance Fund; and (8) antiterrorism assistance.

Withholds a specified amount of antiterrorism assistance from obligation or expenditure until the President reports to specified congressional committees on: (1) whether efforts are being made by the United States to mobilize the international community through the United Nations Security Council to bring about the replacement of Saddam Hussein as the military and political leader of Iraq; (2) whether the continued rule of Saddam Hussein is likely to result in future Iraqi aggression against neighboring states, increased terrorism, or further genocidal attacks against ethnic or religious minorities within Iraq; and (3) whether the perpetuation of the rule of Saddam Hussein is compatible with United Nations principles and the Security Council resolution authorizing the use of force to restore international peace and security in the Persian Gulf.

Earmarks amounts of migration and refugee assistance for: (1) refugees resettling in Israel; (2) Tibetan refugees; (3) voluntary repatriation of Hmong refugees from Thailand to Laos; and (4) overseas refugee programs. Limits the amount of such assistance to be made available to the Department of State Office of Refugee Programs.

Title III: Military Assistance - Makes appropriations for FY 1992 for: (1) international military education and training (prohibits the use of such funds for countries whose annual per capita GNP exceeds $2,349 unless such countries agree to fund transportation and living allowances of their students and the provision of such funds to Zaire, Liberia, Sudan, Somalia, and Jordan; (2) the foreign military financing program; and (3) peacekeeping operations. Makes such funds available for Jordan only if the President certifies to the appropriate congressional committees that: (1) the Government of Jordan has taken steps to advance the peace process in the Middle East, or that furnishing assistance to Jordan would be beneficial to such process; (2) such assistance is in the interest of the United States; and (3) Jordan is complying with United Nations sanctions on Iraq. Earmarks amounts of foreign military financing for Israel and Egypt.

Requires the interest rate on foreign military financing loans to be at least five percent annually.

Makes available a specified amount of foreign military financing on a grant basis for Greece if Turkey receives financing on a grant basis. Prohibits foreign military financing for Zaire, Sudan, Liberia, Somalia, or Jordan. Makes financing available for Jordan only if the President makes the certification required to provide international military education and training to Jordan. Permits financing for Malawi to be provided only to support the Malawian military's efforts to secure the Nacala Railroad and for military activities to assist in the Mozambican peace process.

Limits: (1) the amount of foreign military financing for the procurement of defense articles and services not sold by the U.S. Government for countries other than Israel and Egypt; (2) the amount of funds for administering military assistance and sales; (3) foreign military financing for Greece, Turkey, Portugal, and the Philippines; and (4) obligations with respect to the Special Defense Acquisition Fund. Permits the procurement of defense articles and services or design and construction services not sold by the U.S. Government only by countries for which assistance was justified for the foreign military financing program in the FY 1989 congressional presentation for security assistance programs.

Directs the Department of Defense, as requested by the Defense Security Assistance Agency, to conduct audits of private firms whose contracts are made directly with foreign governments and are financed under this title.

Requires the total of grants and direct loans provided for Greece and Turkey under the foreign military financing program to be made available according to a seven to ten ratio.

Repeals a provision of the Foreign Operations, Export Financing, and Related Programs Appropriations Act, 1988 that concerns lowering the interest rate on certain foreign military sales.

Title IV: Export Assistance - Authorizes the Export-Import Bank to make expenditures within the limit of funds and borrowing authority and to make any necessary contracts and commitments. Prohibits the use of Bank funds for nuclear exports to a non-nuclear weapon state.

Makes appropriations for FY 1992 to subsidize gross obligations for the principal amount of direct loans, tied-aid grants, interest subsidies, and total loan principal under Export-Import Bank programs. Prohibits the use of such funds or the use of credits or grants to support the financing of any item covered by the U.S. Munitions List.

Limits the amount available for administrative expenses of the Export-Import Bank. Makes appropriations for FY 1992 for: (1) administrative expenses incurred in connection with contracting for the issuance of and servicing of insurance and reinsurance or in lieu of contracting for the performance of services by the Export-Import Bank; and (2) the Trade and Development Program.

Title V: General Provisions - Prohibits the use of funds appropriated in this Act (other than funds appropriated for international organizations and programs) for any water or related land resource project which has not met specified standards and criteria for such projects proposed for construction in the United States.

Limits the percentage of appropriations, with specified exceptions, that may be obligated during the last month of availability.

Prohibits using certain funds appropriated or made available pursuant to this Act for: (1) retirement pay for any person serving in the armed forces of any recipient country; (2) making payments on procurement contracts which do not authorize the termination of such contract for the convenience of the United States; or (3) paying any assessments, arrearages, or dues of any member of the United Nations. Prohibits using any of the funds contained in title II of this Act to carry out the transfer of funds to international or multilateral lending organizations.

Limits the amounts of funds made available under this Act to be used for: (1) official residence expenses, entertainment expenses, and representation allowances of AID; (2) entertainment expenses and representation allowances for foreign military financing programs, the Inter-American Foundation, and the Trade and Development Program; and (3) entertainment expenses for international military education and training programs and the Peace Corps.

Prohibits the use of funds made available under this Act (other than funds for international organizations and programs) to finance the export of nuclear equipment, fuel, or technology.

Prohibits the use of funds made available under this Act to: (1) assist any foreign government in repressing the legitimate rights of its population; (2) finance assistance or reparations to Angola, Cambodia, Cuba, Iraq, Libya, Vietnam, Iran, or Syria (including assistance provided by the Export-Import Bank or its agents); or (3) finance assistance to any country whose elected head of government is deposed by military coup.

Prohibits obligating funds made available under this Act under an appropriation account to which they were not appropriated, unless the President provides a written policy justification to the Appropriations Committees.

Continues the availability of certain AID funds and funds for credit sales under the Arms Export Control Act, provided the Appropriations Committees are notified.

Prohibits appropriations contained in this Act from remaining available after expiration of the current fiscal year, except as provided in this Act.

Prohibits the use of funds made available under this Act to: (1) be used for publicity or propaganda purposes within the United States; (2) assist a country in default for more than a year on a U.S. loan under a program for which funds are appropriated under this Act (exempts from such prohibition funds for Nicaragua and for narcotics-related assistance for Colombia, Bolivia, and Peru); or (3) be made available for any international financial institution whose U.S. representative cannot obtain any document developed by or in the possession of the management, unless such representative certifies to the Appropriations Committees that such document's confidentiality is essential to the institution's operation.

Prohibits the use of funds made available under this Act for direct assistance, the Export-Import Bank, and OPIC to finance any loan or other assistance to establish or expand production of any commodity for export by a foreign country if such commodity is likely to be in surplus on world markets and will cause substantial injury to U.S. producers of a similar or competing commodity. Exempts the Export-Import Bank from such prohibition if the Bank determines that the benefits to industry and employment in the United States are likely to outweigh the injury to such producers.

Prohibits making any of the funds appropriated under any Act available for any testing, study, variety improvement, or certain other activities related to the growth or production in a foreign country of an agricultural commodity for export which would compete with a similar commodity grown or produced in the United States.

Prohibits the use of funds appropriated to AID, other than funds to carry out the Caribbean Basin Initiative, to procure studies or assist in establishing facilities for the manufacture of import-sensitive articles that compete with U.S. exports.

Directs the Secretary of the Treasury to instruct the U.S. executive directors of specified international financial institutions to oppose assistance for the production or extraction of any commodity or mineral for export if it is in surplus on world markets and if the assistance will cause substantial injury to U.S. producers of a similar or competing commodity.

Sets forth congressional notification procedures for the obligation of specified funds made available under this Act. Waives notification requirements if there is a risk to human health or welfare.

Limits expenditures for consulting services through procurement contracts.

Prohibits using funds appropriated under this Act to lobby for abortion.

Prohibits any of the international organizations and programs funds from being available for the U.S. proportionate share of any programs for the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO), Libya, Iran, or, at the discretion of the President, Communist countries to which foreign assistance is prohibited.

Prohibits the United States from making a contribution to the United Nations or any of its affiliated agencies if such an agency grants full membership to any organization that does not have the internationally recognized attributes of statehood.

Authorizes Israel to use any loan made available under the Arms Export Control Act for which repayment is forgiven before using any other loan made available under such Act.

Prohibits U.S. employees from recognizing or negotiating with the PLO so long as the PLO does not recognize Israel's right to exist, does not accept Security Council Resolutions 242 and 338, and does not renounce the use of terrorism.

Declares that it is U.S. policy that ESF assistance for Israel shall not be less than the annual debt repayment from Israel to the United States.

Limits the amount to be used for a Democracy Contingency Fund.

Requires congressional notification prior to making funds available for military aircraft in Central America. Directs the Secretary of State to notify specified congressional committees whenever helicopters or military aircraft are provided to Central American countries by any foreign country.

Expresses the policy of the United States that sustainable economic growth must be predicated on sustainable use of natural resources. Directs the Secretary of the Treasury to: (1) instruct U.S. executive directors of the multilateral development banks to promote programs which address the problems of global climate change; and (2) promote reforms within the International Monetary Fund which address such problems. Requires the Secretary to report to the Congress on: (1) how natural resource management initiatives mandated by this Act have been incorporated in the Bush Administration's efforts to address third world debt (the Brady Plan); (2) progress made by the multilateral development banks in meeting standards set forth for programs to address global climate change; (3) the progress made by the Inter-American Development Bank in implementing environmental reforms; (4) each multilateral development bank's forestry sector and energy sector loans and their impact on carbon dioxide emissions; and (5) the progress made by the World Bank in implementing the recommendations set forth in a certain report on debt-for-nature swaps.

Directs the AID Administrator to: (1) update and issue guidance to all AID bureaus detailing the elements of a Global Warming Initiative to emphasize the need to reduce emissions of greenhouse gases and to accelerate sustainable development strategies; (2) increase the number and expertise of personnel devoted to the Initiative; (3) accelerate the activities of the Multi-Agency Working Group on Power Sector Innovation; (4) focus tropical forestry assistance programs on the key middle- and low-income developing countries projected to contribute large amounts of greenhouse gases to the environment; (5) assist countries in developing an analysis of the appropriate use of their total tropical forest resources, with the goal of developing national programs for sustainable forestry; and (6) focus energy assistance activities on the key countries.

Prohibits making any funds appropriated by this Act available for activities that would: (1) result in any significant loss of tropical forests; or (2) involve commercial timber extraction in primary tropical forest areas unless an environmental assessment meeting certain conditions is made.

Permits the use of certain funds for programs to support tropical forestry and energy programs aimed at reducing greenhouse gas emissions in key countries, subject to certain conditions.

Earmarks funds for: (1) environment and energy activities (with amounts for biological diversity activities, renewable energy projects, elephant conservation and preservation, and the AID Office of Energy); and (2) the creation of a fund to support global participation in the Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer, provided that such funds are not contributed to developing countries that are not parties to the Protocol.

Prohibits the use of development assistance funds to pay for: (1) abortions or involuntary sterilizations as a method of family planning or to motivate or coerce any persons to practice abortions or undergo sterilization; or (2) any biomedical research concerning abortions or involuntary sterilization as a method of family planning.

Reaffirms the congressional commitment to population, development assistance and the need for informed voluntary family planning.

Earmarks specified amounts of development and economic assistance appropriated by this Act for the Afghan people. Requires the AID Administrator to ensure that an equitable portion of such funds is made available to benefit Afghan women and girls.

Prohibits making any of the funds appropriated by this Act available to a private voluntary organization which fails to provide the records necessary for an AID audit or which is not registered with AID.

Withholds a specified amount of military aid and financing from El Salvador until the President reports to the Appropriations Committees that El Salvador has: (1) substantially concluded all investigations with respect to those responsible for the January 1981 murders of specified U.S. and Salvadoran land reformers; and (2) pursued all legal avenues to bring to trial and obtain a verdict of those responsible for such murders and for the deaths of certain peasants, priests, and trade unionists.

Expresses the sense of the Congress that all countries receiving U.S. foreign aid should cooperate in facilitating lasting solutions to refugee situations.

Prohibits making any of the funds appropriated by this Act available for: (1) costs of Ethiopia's forced resettlement or villagization programs; or (2) Sudan, Uganda, Liberia, Lebanon, Zaire, Yemen, Guatemala, Chile, or Somalia, except through regular congressional notification procedures.

Earmarks certain appropriated funds for child survival activities and activities relating to research on, and the treatment and control of, AIDS in developing countries. Permits ESF funds to be provided to Chile to support the efforts of private individuals and groups to develop a national consensus on the importance of an independent judiciary and the administration of justice.

Prohibits making any of the funds appropriated under this Act available to finance indirectly any assistance or reparations to Angola, Cambodia, Cuba, Iraq, Libya, Vietnam, Iran, or Syria unless the President certifies that the withholding of these funds is contrary to the national interest of the United States.

Amends the Arms Export Control Act to extend waiver authority with respect to reciprocal leasing agreements through FY 1992.

Requires delivery of defense equipment (permitted under special authority during unforeseen emergencies) within 120 days of congressional notification.

Sets forth additional notification requirements with respect to the transfer of excess defense equipment to NATO.

Requires the Secretary of State to transmit copies of all debt relief agreements to the appropriate congressional committees.

Continues the funding of Middle East regional cooperative programs.

Expresses the sense of the Congress that: (1) the U.S. Government should use its influence in the Asian Development Bank to secure reconsideration of the decision to designate Taiwan as "Taipei, China"; and (2) the Asian Development Bank should resolve this dispute in a fashion that is acceptable to Taiwan.

Prohibits the use of funds provided under any Act for the sale of M-833 or comparable antitank shells containing a depleted uranium penetrating component to any country except a NATO member country, major non-NATO ally, or Taiwan.

Allows earmarked funds to be reprogrammed for other programs within the same account if: (1) compliance with the earmark is made impossible by any Act; or (2) with respect to countries with which the United States has base access agreements, the President determines that the recipient of funds has reduced its military or economic cooperation with the United States. Requires the President, before funds for such countries are reprogrammed, to provide a written policy justification to the Appropriations Committees. Subjects such reprogramming to the regular notification procedure of such committees.

Provides for U.S. opposition to assistance to terrorist countries by international financial institutions.

Prohibits bilateral assistance to such countries.

Earmarks amounts of ESF assistance for: (1) scholarships to disadvantaged South Africans; and (2) Peru, Bolivia, Colombia, and Ecuador, provided such countries are making progress in certain narcotics control efforts.

Permits development and ESF assistance to be made available to Bolivia, Peru, Colombia, Ecuador, and Jamaica for reducing dependence on the production of crops from which narcotic and psychotrophic drugs are derived.

Limits the amount of foreign military financing to be made available for Bolivia, Peru, and Colombia. Prohibits such financing for any government that engages in a consistent pattern of human rights violations.

Permits funds to be made available for training and equipment for narcotics law enforcement agencies in Colombia, Bolivia, and Peru (except for Peru's Sinchi Police).

Prohibits assistance to countries which fail to take measures to prevent illicit drugs from being sold to U.S. Government personnel or from entering the United States illegally.

Earmarks amounts of assistance made available to AID for narcotics education and awareness programs and narcotics related economic assistance activities.

Requires that any agreement for the sale or provision of any article on the U.S. Munitions List shall expressly state that the article is being provided by the United States only with the understanding that it will not be transferred to Cyprus or otherwise used to further the severance or division of Cyprus. Directs the President to report to the Congress when such equipment is used for such purposes.

Permits the commercial leasing of defense articles (other than major defense equipment) by Israel, Egypt, NATO countries, and major non-NATO allies if the President determines that there are compelling foreign policy or national security reasons for those defense articles being provided by commercial lease rather than by government-to-government sale.

Limits the amount of ESF and development assistance to be made available for humanitarian and development assistance for Cambodians. Terminates assistance to any Cambodian organization that is cooperating with the Khmer Rouge in their military operations. Requires the President to report to the Speaker of the House and the President of the Senate on the extent of military cooperation between the Khmer Rouge and the non-Communist resistance. Provides that funds made available for humanitarian assistance for Cambodian children shall also be available for civilian victims of war.

Provides that all AID contracts and solicitations shall require U.S. marine insurance companies to have a fair opportunity to bid for marine insurance.

Expresses the sense of the Congress that funds made available for the International Fund for Ireland should be allocated to programs which emphasize jobs creation in areas having the highest rates of unemployment.

Prohibits the use of certain assistance provided under this Act for assistance to Afghanistan if such assistance would be provided through the Soviet-controlled government of Afghanistan.

Requires at least 25 percent of ESF assistance for El Salvador to be used for certain development projects and activities in accordance with the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961.

Requires at least ten percent of FY 1990 development assistance and assistance for the Development Fund for Africa (unless the AID Administrator determines otherwise) to be made available only for U.S. organizations and individuals that are: (1) business concerns or private organizations owned and controlled by socially and economically disadvantaged individuals; (2) historically black colleges or universities; and (3) colleges and universities in which more than 40 percent of the students are Hispanic American. Directs the Administrator to: (1) utilize the authority of the Small Business Act; (2) enter into contracts with such entities using less than full and open competitive procedures; and (3) issue regulations requiring contracts in excess of $500,000 to provide that at least ten percent of the contract shall be subcontracted to such entities. Requires AID personnel with contracting authority to notify the AID Office of Small and Disadvantaged Business Utilization before advertising contracts in excess of $100,000. Directs the Administrator to: (1) include as part of the performance evaluation of any mission director such director's efforts to carry out such activities; and (2) report annually to the Congress on the implementation of such program.

Prohibits the United States from selling or making available Stinger missiles to any Persian Gulf country.

Prohibits the provision of funds appropriated under this Act to any person undertaking an action prohibited by U.S. law.

Authorizes nongovernmental organizations which receive AID economic assistance to invest any local currencies which accrue to such organizations as a result of such assistance.

Earmarks a specified amount of development and ESF assistance for Lebanon.

Sets forth the value of additions to be made to stockpiles in Israel during FY 1992.

Extends the period during which the President may waive prohibitions on assistance to Pakistan to April 1, 1993. Prohibits the obligation or expenditure of funds for Pakistan except through the notification procedures of the Committees on Appropriations.

Sets forth requirements for the maintenance of separate accounts for, and the use of, local currencies, cash transfers, and non-project sector assistance.

Prohibits the use of funds appropriated by this Act for: (1) any member of the Nicaraguan resistance who has not disarmed and is not abiding by the terms of the cease-fire agreement and the addenda to the Toncontin Agreement; and (2) payments to international financial institutions that compensate U.S. directors in excess of specified rates.

Sets forth human rights reporting requirements for the Secretary of State.

Prohibits the use of funds appropriated by this Act to provide assistance to any country that is not in compliance with the United Nations Security Council sanctions against Iraq unless the President certifies to the Congress that such assistance: (1) is in the U.S. national interest; (2) will directly benefit the needy people in such country; or (3) will be humanitarian assistance for foreign nationals who have fled Iraq and Kuwait. Authorizes the President to prohibit the importation into the United States of products of any foreign country that has not prohibited the importation of Iraqi products and the export of its products to Iraq.

Requires the Secretary of the Treasury, in all negotiations concerning the EBRD, to seek: (1) establishment of procedures for environmental assessment of all proposed operations with significant environmental impacts; (2) establishment of an environmental unit to review operations and monitor compliance with environmental provisions; (3) establishment of procedures for consultation with and involvement of the public in the development of EBRD policies; and (4) agreement that a significant portion of EBRD funds shall be devoted to environmental restoration and protection projects.

Repeals a provision of the Foreign Operations, Export Financing, and Related Programs Appropriations Act, 1991 which made excess defense articles available to countries supporting Operation Desert Shield.

Prohibits the use of funds appropriated by this Act to finance the procurement of chemicals or chemical agents that may be used for chemical weapons production.

Prohibits ESF and foreign military financing assistance for Kenya unless the President certifies to the Congress that the Kenyan Government is taking steps to: (1) charge and try or release all prisoners and cease mistreatment of prisoners; and (2) restore the independence of the judiciary and freedoms of expression.

Requires the delivery of excess defense articles to NATO allies and major non-NATO allies on the southern and southeastern flanks of NATO to be given priority over the delivery of such articles to other countries.

Amends the Foreign Operations, Export Financing, and Related Programs Appropriations Act, 1991 to revise the amount of defense articles and services authorized to be drawn down for Israel.

Directs the President to submit to the Senate Foreign Relations Committee and the House Foreign Affairs Committee: (1) a U.S. plan for establishing a multilateral regime to restrict transfers of arms to the Middle East; and (2) an analysis of the feasibility and potential elements of such regime. Prohibits the United States from agreeing to any transfers of major military equipment to the Middle East and Persian Gulf region unless the President submits such plan and analysis and reports that there has been agreement by another major arms supplier on or after May 21, 1991, to transfer such equipment to any nation in the region. Exempts from such prohibition emergency or replacement transfers or transfers pursuant to agreements entered into before May 21, 1991.

Requires the President to report to the Senate Foreign Relations Committee and the House Foreign Affairs Committee on: (1) all transfers of conventional and unconventional arms to the Middle East; (2) the current military balance in the region; (3) the operation of any agreements comprising the arms transfer and control regime; and (4) supplier nations that have refused to participate in such a regime or that have engaged in conduct that violates or undermines the regime.

Directs the President to seek negotiations among, and undertake efforts to convene a conference of, the five members of the United Nations Security Council and other nations, as appropriate, to establish a multilateral arms transfer and control regime with respect to the Middle East and Persian Gulf region. Declares that the purpose of such regime should be to: (1) limit the proliferation of conventional weapons and ballistic missile technologies and systems and halt the proliferation of unconventional weapons; (2) maintain the military balance in the region through the reduction of conventional weapons and the elimination of unconventional weapons; and (3) promote regional arms control in such region.

Reduces all appropriations made in this Act by one percent (other than appropriations for international narcotics control and for gifts to the United States for reduction of the public debt).