Text: H.R.2621 — 102nd Congress (1991-1992)All Information (Except Text)

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Calendar No. 70
102d CONGRESS
1st Session
H. R. 2621
[Report No. 102-108]
A BILL
Making appropriations for foreign operations, export financing, and related
programs for the fiscal year ending September 30, 1992, and for other purposes.
June 12, 1991
Committed to the Committee of the Whole House on the State of the Union and
ordered to be printed
HR 2621 RH
Union Calendar No. 70
102d CONGRESS
1st Session
H. R. 2621
[Report No. 102-108]
Making appropriations for foreign operations, export financing, and related
programs for the fiscal year ending September 30, 1992, and for other purposes.
IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES
June 12, 1991
Mr. OBEY, from the Committee on Appropriations, reported the following bill;
which was committed to the Committee of the Whole House on the State of the
Union and ordered to be printed
A BILL
Making appropriations for foreign operations, export financing, and related
programs for the fiscal year ending September 30, 1992, and for other purposes.
  Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States
  of America in Congress assembled, That the following sums are appropriated,
  out of any money in the Treasury not otherwise appropriated, for foreign
  operations, export financing, and related programs for the fiscal year
  ending September 30, 1992, and for other purposes, namely:
DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY
FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT SERVICE
Gifts to the United States for Reduction of the Public Debt
  For the purpose of reducing a portion of the public debt caused by public
  borrowings necessary to finance those programs, projects, or activities
  classified as `function 150' international affairs accounts pursuant to
  section 301(a)(4) of the Congressional Budget and Impoundment Control
  Act of 1974, $135,000,000, to pay at maturity, or to redeem or buy before
  maturity, an obligation of the Government included in the public debt as
  if pursuant to title 31, United States Code, 3113 (a)(1)(A) and (d).
TITLE I--MULTILATERAL ECONOMIC ASSISTANCE
FUNDS APPROPRIATED TO THE PRESIDENT
International Financial Institutions
CONTRIBUTION TO THE INTERNATIONAL BANK FOR RECONSTRUCTION AND DEVELOPMENT
  For payment to the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development by
  the Secretary of the Treasury, for the United States share of the paid-in
  share portion of the increases in capital stock for the General Capital
  Increase, $70,126,332, to remain available until expended.
  For payment to the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development
  by the Secretary of the Treasury, for the United States contribution
  to the Global Environmental Facility, $50,000,000, to remain available
  until expended.
LIMITATION ON CALLABLE CAPITAL SUBSCRIPTIONS
  The United States Governor of the International Bank for Reconstruction and
  Development may subscribe without fiscal year limitation to the callable
  capital portion of the United States share of increases in capital stock
  in an amount not to exceed $2,267,418,063.
CONTRIBUTION TO THE INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT ASSOCIATION
  For payment to the International Development Association by the Secretary
  of the Treasury, $1,060,000,000, for the United States contribution to the
  replenishment, to remain available until expended: Provided, That, before
  obligating funds made available under this heading, the President shall
  reduce from the amount obligated, the United States proportionate share
  of any loans approved by the Board of Directors for China for non-basic
  human needs  since October 1, 1991 if China is denied most-favored-nation
  trading status by the United States Government: Provided further, That
  such funds withheld from obligation may be obligated only if the President
  certifies that it is in the national interest of the United States to do so:
  Provided further, That fifteen days prior to the obligation of such funds
  for the International Development Association, the President shall report
  his certification to the Committee on Appropriations and the Committee
  on Banking, Finance and Urban Affairs of the House of Representatives and
  the Committee on Appropriations and the Committee on Foreign Relations of
  the Senate.
CONTRIBUTION TO THE INTERNATIONAL FINANCE CORPORATION
  For payment to the International Finance Corporation by the Secretary of
  the Treasury, $40,330,972, for the United States share of the increase
  in subscriptions to capital stock, to remain available until expended:
  Provided, That funds appropriated under this heading are available subject
  to authorization: Provided further, That of the amount appropriated under
  this heading not more than $6,050,000 may be expended for the purchase of
  such stock in fiscal year 1992: Provided further, That none of the funds
  appropriated under this heading shall be obligated except through the
  regular notification procedures of the Committees on Appropriations.
CONTRIBUTION TO THE INTER-AMERICAN DEVELOPMENT BANK
  For payment to the Inter-American Development Bank by the Secretary of
  the Treasury for the United States share of the paid-in share portion
  of the increase in capital stock, $57,313,367, and for the United States
  share of the increases in the resources of the Fund for Special Operations,
  $20,576,000, to remain available until expended: Provided, That the Secretary
  of the Treasury shall instruct the United States Executive Director of the
  Inter-American Development Bank to use the voice and vote of the United
  States to oppose any assistance by the Bank to any recipient of assistance
  who refuses to agree in writing that in general any procurement of goods
  or services utilizing Bank funds shall be conducted in a manner that does
  not discriminate on the basis of nationality against any member country,
  firm or person interested in providing such goods or services.
LIMITATION ON CALLABLE CAPITAL SUBSCRIPTIONS
  The United States Governor of the Inter-American Development Bank may
  subscribe without fiscal year limitation to the callable capital portion
  of the United States share of such capital stock in an amount not to
  exceed $2,235,076,561.
INTER-AMERICAN INVESTMENT CORPORATION
  For payment to the Inter-American Investment Corporation by the Secretary
  of the Treasury, $12,500,000, for the United States share of the capital
  stock of the Corporation, to remain available until expended.
CONTRIBUTION TO THE ENTERPRISE FOR THE AMERICAS INVESTMENT FUND
  For payment to the Enterprise for the Americas Investment Fund by
  the Secretary of the Treasury, for the United States contribution for
  the establishment of the Fund to be administered by the Inter-American
  Development Bank, $100,000,000 to remain available until expended: Provided,
  That funds appropriated under this heading are available subject to
  authorization: Provided further, That none of the funds appropriated under
  this heading shall be obligated except through the regular notification
  procedures of the Committees on Appropriations.
CONTRIBUTION TO THE ASIAN DEVELOPMENT BANK
  For payment to the Asian Development Bank by the Secretary of the Treasury,
  for the paid-in share portion of the United States share of the increase
  in capital stock, $25,526,366: Provided, That, before obligating funds
  made available under this heading, the President shall reduce from the
  amount obligated, proportionately in paid-in capital and callable capital,
  the United States proportionate share of any loans approved by the Board
  of Directors for China for non-basic human needs since October 1, 1991,
  if China is denied most-favored-nation trading status by the United States
  Government: Provided further, That funds appropriated under this heading
  are available subject to authorization.
CONTRIBUTION TO THE ASIAN DEVELOPMENT FUND
  For the United States contribution by the Secretary of the Treasury to the
  increases in resources of the Asian Development Fund, as authorized by the
  Asian Development Bank Act, as amended (Public Law 89-369), $158,793,050,
  to remain available until expended: Provided, That prior to obligating any
  of the funds appropriated under this heading for the Asian Development Fund,
  the Secretary of the Treasury shall submit a certification to the Committees
  on Appropriations that none of such funds will be made available for China.
LIMITATION ON CALLABLE CAPITAL SUBSCRIPTIONS
  The United States Governor of the Asian Development Bank may subscribe
  without fiscal year limitation to the callable capital portion of the
  United States share of increases in the capital stock in an amount not
  to exceed $186,972,187: Provided, That such funds are available subject
  to authorization.
CONTRIBUTION TO THE AFRICAN DEVELOPMENT FUND
  For payment to the African Development Fund by the Secretary of the
  Treasury, $135,000,000, for the United States contribution to the sixth
  replenishment of the African Development Fund, to remain available until
  expended: Provided, That funds appropriated under this heading are available
  subject to authorization.
CONTRIBUTION TO THE AFRICAN DEVELOPMENT BANK
  For payment to the African Development Bank by the Secretary of the Treasury,
  for the paid-in share portion of the United States share of the increase
  in capital stock, $8,987,307, to remain available until expended.
LIMITATION ON CALLABLE CAPITAL SUBSCRIPTIONS
  The United States Governor of the African Development Bank may subscribe
  without fiscal year limitation to the callable capital portion of the United
  States share of such capital stock in an amount not to exceed $134,809,612.
CONTRIBUTION TO THE EUROPEAN BANK FOR RECONSTRUCTION AND DEVELOPMENT
  For payment to the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development by
  the Secretary of the Treasury, $70,020,600, for the United States share of
  the paid-in share portion of the initial capital subscription, to remain
  available until expended.
LIMITATION ON CALLABLE CAPITAL SUBSCRIPTIONS
  The United States Governor of the European Bank for Reconstruction and
  Development may subscribe without fiscal year limitation to the callable
  capital portion of the United States share of such capital stock in an
  amount not to exceed $163,381,400.
MULTILATERAL DEVELOPMENT BANKS--OTHER
  For necessary expenses of the Department of the Treasury for reports
  calculating for loans, guarantees and insurance commitments for each credit
  program within the international affairs (Budget Function 150) account:
  (1) the probability of repayment by each country of existing United States
  international loans and the probability of default by each country on
  existing United States international guarantees, (2) subsidy estimates
  for each country and each such credit program, and (3) risk assessments
  for each country within each such credit program for fiscal year 1993,
  $3,000,000: Provided, That funds appropriated under this heading shall
  be used only for contracts with not less than two private firms: Provided
  further, That the Secretaries of Treasury, State, Defense, and Agriculture
  and the Administrator of the Agency for International Development, and
  the Chairman of the Export-Import Bank and the President of the Overseas
  Private Investment Corporation shall provide the necessary information
  to support these analyses: Provided further, That these reports shall be
  simultaneously delivered to the Department of Treasury, and to the Committees
  on Appropriations and the Committees on Budget and the Congressional Budget
  Office not later than December 1, 1991: Provided further, That the Office of
  Management and Budget shall transmit, for each credit program within Budget
  Function 150, country by country estimates of expected international loan
  repayments and payments by the United States under international guaranty
  obligations included in the fiscal year 1993 budget request concurrent
  with submission of the President's budget for fiscal year 1993.
INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS AND PROGRAMS
  For necessary expenses to carry out the provisions of section 301 of
  the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961, and of section 2 of the United
  Nations Environment Program Participation Act of 1973, $300,612,000:
  Provided, That no funds shall be available for the United Nations Fund for
  Science and Technology: Provided further, That the total amount of funds
  appropriated under this heading shall be made available only as follows:
  $120,700,000 for the United Nations Development Program; $85,000,000 for
  the United Nations Children's Fund, of which amount 75 per centum (less
  amounts withheld consistent with section 307 of the Foreign Assistance
  Act of 1961 and section 525 of this Act) shall be obligated and expended
  no later than thirty days after the date of enactment of this Act and 25
  per centum of which shall be expended within thirty days from the start of
  the United Nations Children's Fund fourth quarter of operations for 1992;
  $3,000,000 for the United Nations Capital Development Fund; $1,000,000
  for the United Nations Development Fund for Women; $250,000 for the United
  Nations International Research and Training Institute for the Advancement of
  Women; $300,000 for the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change; $2,000,000
  for the International Convention and Scientific Organization Contributions;
  $2,000,000 for the World Meteorological Organization Voluntary Cooperation
  Program; $800,000 for the World Meteorological Organization Special Fund for
  Climate Studies; $27,500,000 for the International Atomic Energy Agency;
  $20,000,000 for the United Nations Environment Program; $800,000 for
  the United Nations Educational and Training Program for Southern Africa;
  $500,000 for the United Nations Trust Fund for South Africa; $1,000,000
  for the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species; $450,000
  for the World Heritage Fund; $100,000 for the United Nations Voluntary
  Fund for Victims of Torture; $400,000 for the United Nations Center on
  Human Settlements; $500,000 for the United Nations Industrial Development
  Organization Investment Promotion Service; $10,000,000 for the Organization
  of American States; $2,000,000 for the United Nations Afghanistan Trust Fund;
  $1,000,000 for the International Tropical Timber Organization; $1,000,000
  for the World Food Program; $850,000 for the International Union for
  the Conservation of Nature; $600,000 for the United Nations Conference
  on Environment and Development; $500,000 for the Ramsar Convention on
  Wetlands of International Importance Especially as Waterfowl Habitat;
  and $18,362,000 for the United States contributions to the replenishment
  of the International Fund for Agricultural Development: Provided further,
  That funds appropriated under this heading may be made available for the
  International Atomic Energy Agency only if the Secretary of State determines
  (and so reports to the Congress) that Israel is not being denied its right to
  participate in the activities of that Agency: Provided further, That funds
  appropriated under this heading may be made available for the Tropical
  Forestry Action Plan (TFAP) only if the Secretary of State determines
  (and so reports to the Congress) that (1) the TFAP has been reorganized,
  with an international steering committee and secretariat independent of
  the Food and Agriculture Organization, and includes the participation of
  a broad range of experts in its administration, (2) the responsibilities
  of TFAP have been broadened to include areas outside the forestry sector,
  and (3) procedures exist to ensure increased participation in national TFAP
  plans by affected populations and interested individuals and organizations
  outside the forestry sector.
TITLE II--BILATERAL ECONOMIC ASSISTANCE
FUNDS APPROPRIATED TO THE PRESIDENT
  For expenses necessary to enable the President to carry out the provisions
  of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961, and for other purposes, to remain
  available until September 30, 1992, unless otherwise specified herein,
  as follows:
Agency for International Development
DEVELOPMENT ASSISTANCE FUND
  For necessary expenses to carry out the provisions of sections 103 through
  106 of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961, $1,076,635,000, of which amount--
  (a) not less than $345,000,000 shall be made available for health and
  child survival activities, and activities relating to research on, and
  the treatment and control of, acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS)
  in developing countries: Provided, That not less than $65,000,000 shall
  be made available for activities relating to AIDS, of which not less than
  $30,000,000 shall be made available directly to the World Health Organization
  for its use in financing the Global Program on AIDS (including activities
  implemented by the Pan American Health Organization), and not less than
  $1,000,000 shall be made available to UNICEF for AIDS-related activities:
  Provided further, That not less than $280,000,000 shall be made available
  for health and child survival activities, of which $140,000,000 should
  be targeted for health activities and $140,000,000 should be targeted for
  child survival activities;
  (b) not less than $5,000,000 shall be made available for new development
  projects of private entities and cooperatives for dairy development;
  (c) not less than $20,000,000 shall be made available for the Vitamin A
  Deficiency Program and activities relating to iodine deficiency and other
  micro-nutrients, of which amount not less than $13,000,000 shall be made
  available for the Vitamin A Deficiency Program;
  (d) not less than $225,000 shall be made available to support continued
  United States participation in the Associate Professional Officers Program
  of the international food agencies;
  (e) not less than $5,000,000 shall be made available for activities relating
  to the control, prevention, and eradication of River Blindness;
  (f) not less than $1,000,000 shall be made available for private voluntary
  organizations to be used  to finance operations for blind children;
  (g) not less than $7,500,000 shall be made available for cooperative
  projects among the United States, Israel, and developing countries, of
  which not less than $5,000,000 shall be made available for the Cooperative
  Development Program, and of which not less than $2,500,000 shall be made
  available for cooperative development research projects;
  (h) not less than $5,000,000 shall be made available for the Central and
  Latin American Rural Electrification Support project;
  (i) not less than $150,000 shall be made available, notwithstanding any
  other provision of law, for technical assistance and training programs
  for Soviet and Czechoslovakian statisticians and economists administered
  by the Bureau of Labor Statistics;
  (j) up to $500,000 may be made available for child survival activities
  for Laos; and
  (k) not less than $5,000,000 shall be for Soviet and East European research
  and training under the Department of State's title VIII program on Soviet
  and regional studies, notwithstanding any other provision of law.
CHILD SURVIVAL AND EDUCATION
  Of the funds appropriated under the headings in this title under `Agency
  for International Development'--
  (1) not less than a total of $275,000,000 shall be made available for
  programs in support of child survival activities; and
  (2) not less than a total of $135,000,000 shall be made available for
  programs in support of basic education activities, including early
  childhood education, primary education, teacher training, and other
  necessary activities in support of early childhood and primary education,
  and literacy training for adults.
POPULATION, DEVELOPMENT ASSISTANCE
  For necessary expenses to carry out the provisions of section 104(b),
  $300,000,000: Provided, That none of the funds made available in this Act
  nor any obligated balances from prior appropriations may be made available
  to any organization or program which, as determined by the President of
  the United States, supports or participates in the management of a program
  of coercive abortion or involuntary sterilization: Provided further,
  That none of the funds made available under this heading may be used
  to pay for the performance of abortion as a method of family planning
  or to motivate or coerce any person to practice abortions; and that in
  order to reduce reliance on abortion in developing nations, funds shall
  be available only to voluntary family planning projects which offer,
  either directly or through referral to, or information about access to,
  a broad range of family planning methods and services: Provided further,
  That in awarding grants for natural family planning under section 104 of
  the Foreign Assistance Act no applicant shall be discriminated against
  because of such applicant's religious or conscientious commitment to offer
  only natural family planning; and, additionally, all such applicants
  shall comply with the requirements of the previous proviso: Provided
  further, That nothing in this subsection shall be construed to alter
  any existing statutory prohibitions against abortion under section 104
  of the Foreign Assistance Act: Provided further, That funds appropriated
  under this heading for family planning purposes shall not be reduced by
  a proportion greater than other development assistance accounts in order
  to comply with requirements to provide assistance from funds appropriated
  to carry out chapter 1 of part I or to carry out part I of the Foreign
  Assistance Act of 1961: Provided further, That of the funds appropriated
  under this heading, not less than 65 per centum shall be made available
  for the Office of Population of the Agency for International Development:
  Provided further, That not less than $20,000,000 of the funds appropriated
  under this heading shall be made available only for the United Nations
  Population Fund only for the provision of contraceptive commodities and
  related logistics, notwithstanding any other provision of law or policy:
  Provided further, That none of the funds made available under this heading
  shall be made   available for programs in the People's Republic of China:
  Provided further, That prohibitions contained in section 104(f) of the
  Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 and section 534 of this Act (relating
  to prohibitions on funding for abortion as a method of family planning,
  coercive abortion, and involuntary sterilization) shall apply to the funds
  made available for the United Nations Population Fund: Provided further,
  That the United Nations Population Fund shall be required to maintain
  the funds made available under this heading in a separate account and not
  commingle them with any other funds: Provided further, That any agreement
  entered into by the United States and the United Nations Population Fund to
  obligate funds earmarked under this heading shall expressly state that the
  full amount granted by such agreement will be refunded to the United States
  if, during its five-year program which commenced in 1990, the United Nations
  Population Fund provides more than $57,000,000 for family planning programs
  in the People's Republic of China: Provided further, That none of the funds
  made available under this paragraph for the United Nations Population Fund
  may be obligated if China is denied most-favored-nation trading status
  by the United States Government: Provided further, That in addition to
  funds otherwise available for such purposes, of the funds appropriated
  under this heading up to $500,000 may be used for the administration and
  planning of family planning assistance programs in addition to operating
  expense funds otherwise allocated for such office.
DEVELOPMENT FUND FOR AFRICA
  For necessary expenses to carry out the provisions of chapter 10 of part I of
  the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961, $1,000,000,000, to remain available until
  September 30, 1993: Provided, That not less than $50,000,000 of the funds
  appropriated under this heading shall be made available to assist activities
  supported by the Southern Africa Development Coordination Conference:
  Provided further, That funds appropriated under this heading which are
  made available for activities supported by the Southern Africa Development
  Coordination Conference shall be made available notwithstanding section
  518 of this Act and section 620(q) of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961:
  Provided further, That up to $2,000,000 of the funds made available under
  this heading may be used for administrative and planning costs associated
  with programs under this heading in addition to operating expense funds
  otherwise allocated to the Agency's Bureau for Africa: Provided further,
  That $10,000,000 of the funds appropriated under this heading shall be
  transferred to `International Organizations and Programs' and shall be made
  available only for the International Fund for Agricultural Development's
  Special Programme for Sub-Saharan African Countries Affected by Drought
  and Desertification.
ZAIRE
  None of the funds appropriated by this Act to carry out chapters 1 and 10
  of part I of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 shall be transferred to the
  Government of Zaire: Provided, That this provision shall not be construed
  to prohibit nongovernmental organizations from working with appropriate
  ministries or departments of the Government of Zaire.
ASSISTANCE FOR DISPLACED CHILDREN
  Of the aggregate of the funds appropriated by this Act to carry out part
  I of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961, not less than $8,000,000 shall
  be made available for programs and activities to address the health,
  education, nutrition, and other special needs of displaced children who
  have been abandoned or orphaned as a result of poverty, or manmade or
  natural disaster, of which not less than $1,500,000 shall be made available
  for assistance for street children: Provided, That assistance under this
  heading shall be made available notwithstanding any other provision of law.
HUMANITARIAN ASSISTANCE FOR CAMBODIAN CHILDREN
  Of the aggregate of the funds appropriated by this Act to carry out part
  I of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961, not less than $5,000,000 shall
  be made available, notwithstanding any other provision of law, to provide
  humanitarian assistance through international relief agencies and United
  States private and voluntary organizations to children within Cambodia:
  Provided, That none of the funds made available under this heading may be
  made available, directly or indirectly, for the Khmer Rouge.
ASSISTANCE FOR VICTIMS OF WAR
  Of the aggregate of the funds appropriated by this Act to carry out part
  I of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961, not less than $5,000,000 shall be
  made available, notwithstanding any other provision of law, for medical and
  related assistance for civilians who have been injured as a result of civil
  strife and warfare, including assistance to address the needs of the blind,
  and the provision of prostheses and vocational rehabilitation and training.
WOMEN IN DEVELOPMENT
  In recognition that the full participation of women in, and the full
  contribution of women to, the development process are essential to achieving
  economic growth, a higher quality of life, and sustainable development in
  developing countries, not less than $10,000,000 of the funds appropriated
  by this Act to carry out part I of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961,
  in addition to funds otherwise available for such purposes, shall be used
  to encourage and promote the participation and integration of women as
  equal partners in the development process in developing countries, of
  which not less than $6,000,000 shall be made available as matching funds
  to support the activities of the Agency for International Development's
  field missions to integrate women into their programs: Provided, That the
  Agency for International Development shall seek to ensure that country
  strategies, projects, and programs are designed so that the percentage of
  women participants will be demonstrably increased.
ASSISTANCE FOR BURMESE STUDENTS
  Of the funds appropriated under the heading `Development Assistance Fund',
  not less than $1,000,000 shall be made available, notwithstanding any
  other provision of law, for assistance for Burmese students.
PRIVATE AND VOLUNTARY ORGANIZATIONS
  None of the funds appropriated or otherwise made available by this Act
  for development assistance may be made available to any United States
  private and voluntary organization, except any cooperative development
  organization, which obtains less than 20 per centum of its total annual
  funding for international activities from sources other than the United
  States Government: Provided, That the requirements of the provisions of
  section 123(g) of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 and the provisions on
  private and voluntary organizations in title II of the `Foreign Assistance
  and Related Programs Appropriations Act, 1985' (as enacted in Public Law
  98-473) shall be superseded by the provisions of this section.
HUMANITARIAN ASSISTANCE FOR ROMANIA
  Of the aggregate of the funds appropriated by this Act to carry out chapter
  1 of part I of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 (other than funds under
  the heading `Development Fund for Africa'), not less than $4,000,000 shall
  be made available, notwithstanding any provision of law which restricts
  assistance to foreign countries, for humanitarian assistance for Romania. Of
  this amount--
  (1) not less than $1,500,000 shall be made available for activities related
  to acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS), and other health and child
  survival activities particularly for the care and treatment of abandoned
  children, including the provision of improved facilities, food, medicine,
  and training of personnel;
  (2) not less than $1,000,000 shall be made available for activities
  related to facilitating family reunification, foster care and adoption,
  and training of adoption and child welfare specialists; and
  (3) not less than $1,500,000 shall be made available for family planning
  assistance, subject to the following:
  (A) The prohibitions contained in section 104(f) of the Foreign Assistance
  Act of 1961 and section 534 of this Act (relating to prohibitions on
  funding for abortion as a method of family planning, coercive abortion,
  and involuntary sterilization) shall be applicable to funds made available
  under this paragraph.
  (B) Any recipient of funds under this paragraph shall be required to maintain
  them in a separate account and not commingle them with any other funds.
  (C) Each agreement entered into by the United States to obligate funds made
  available under this paragraph shall expressly state that the full amount
  granted by such agreement will be refunded to the United States if any
  United States funds are used for any family planning program in a country
  other than Romania, or for abortion services, involuntary sterilization,
  or coercive activities of any kind.
PRIVATE SECTOR LOANS PROGRAM ACCOUNT
  During fiscal year 1992, commitments to guarantee loans authorized by section
  108(i) of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 may be made only to the extent
  that the total loan principal, any part of which is to be guaranteed, may not
  exceed $114,000,000 and only to the extent that such commitments involve no
  subsidy costs as defined in section 13201 of the Budget Enforcement Act of
  1990. During fiscal year 1992, commitments for direct loans authorized by
  section 108 of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 may be made only to the
  extent that the total loan principal may not exceed $10,000,000 and only
  to the extent that such commitments involve no subsidy costs as defined
  in section 13201 of the Budget Enforcement Act of 1990. In addition, for
  administrative expenses to carry out guaranteed loan programs, $1,367,000,
  all of which may be transferred to and merged with the appropriation for
  Operating Expenses of the Agency for International Development.
AMERICAN SCHOOLS AND HOSPITALS ABROAD
  For necessary expenses to carry out the provisions of section 214,
  $30,000,000.
INTERNATIONAL DISASTER ASSISTANCE
  For necessary expenses to carry out the provisions of section 491,
  $70,000,000, to remain available until expended.
PAYMENT TO THE FOREIGN SERVICE RETIREMENT AND DISABILITY FUND
  For payment to the `Foreign Service Retirement and Disability Fund',
  as authorized by the Foreign Service Act of 1980, $41,351,000.
OPERATING EXPENSES OF THE AGENCY FOR INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT
  For necessary expenses to carry out the provisions of section 667,
  $481,300,000: Provided, That in order to effectively monitor its program
  for the West Bank and Gaza, the Agency for International Development shall
  station one professional at either the Consulate General in Jerusalem
  or the Embassy in Tel Aviv: Provided further, That, by September 30,
  1992, the Agency for International Development shall increase the total
  number of its direct-hire professional environmental and energy staff by
  twenty over the number of such staff within the Agency for International
  Development at the end of fiscal year 1991: Provided further, That the
  current reorganization of the Agency for International Development shall
  be undertaken within its existing resources and that the Administrator
  of the Agency for International Development shall submit a report to the
  Committees on Appropriations by no later than March 1, 1992, detailing the
  total costs to date of such reorganization (including salary and equipment
  costs) and projected future costs.
OPERATING EXPENSES OF THE AGENCY FOR INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT OFFICE OF
INSPECTOR GENERAL
  For necessary expenses to carry out the provisions of section 667,
  $37,739,000, which sum shall be available only for the operating expenses
  of the Office of the Inspector General notwithstanding section 451 or 614 of
  the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 or any other provision of law: Provided,
  That up to 3 per centum of the amount made available under the heading
  `Operating Expenses of the Agency for International Development' may be
  transferred to and merged and consolidated with amounts made available
  under this heading: Provided further, That except as may be required by
  an emergency evacuation affecting the United States diplomatic missions
  of which they are a component element, none of the funds in this Act,
  or any other Act, may be used to relocate the overseas Regional Offices
  of the Inspector General to a location within the United States without
  the express approval of the Inspector General: Provided further, That the
  total number of positions authorized for the Office of Inspector General in
  Washington and overseas shall be not less than two hundred and fifty-one
  at September 30, 1992: Provided further, That the Inspector General of
  the Agency for International Development may, at his discretion and after
  consultation with the Secretary of State, establish a regional office in
  Europe in order to carry out audit and other responsibilities with regard
  to assistance programs for Eastern Europe.
HOUSING GUARANTY PROGRAM ACCOUNT
  For the subsidy cost, as defined in section 13201 of the Budget Enforcement
  Act of 1990, of guaranteed loans authorized by sections 221 and 222 of the
  Foreign Assistance Act of 1961, $18,000,000: Provided, That these funds
  are available to subsidize loan principal, 100 percent of which shall be
  guaranteed, pursuant to the authority of such sections: Provided further,
  That the President shall enter into commitments to guarantee such loans in
  the full amount provided under this heading, subject to the availability of
  qualified applicants for such guarantees. In addition, for administrative
  expenses to carry out guaranteed loan programs, $8,500,000, all of which
  may be transferred to and merged with the appropriation for Operating
  Expenses of the Agency for International Development.
DEBT RESTRUCTURING UNDER THE ENTERPRISE FOR THE AMERICAS INITIATIVE
  For the cost, as defined in section 13201 of the Budget Enforcement Act of
  1990, of modifying direct loans authorized by chapter 1 of part I and chapter
  4 of part II of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 (including predecessor
  legislation), and for the cost of modifying direct loans made pursuant to
  the Export-Import Bank Act of 1945, $65,000,000, to remain available until
  expended: Provided, That none of the funds appropriated under this heading
  shall be obligated except through the regular notification procedures of
  the Committees on Appropriations.
ECONOMIC SUPPORT FUND
  For necessary expenses to carry out the provisions of chapter 4 of part
  II, $3,216,624,000: Provided, That of the funds appropriated under this
  heading, not less than $1,200,000,000 shall be available only for Israel,
  which sum shall be available on a grant basis as a cash transfer and shall
  be disbursed within thirty days of enactment of this Act or by October 31,
  1991, whichever is later: Provided further, That not less than $815,000,000
  shall be available only for Egypt, which sum shall be provided on a grant
  basis, and of which sum cash transfer assistance may be provided, with the
  understanding that Egypt will undertake significant economic reforms which
  are additional to those which were undertaken in previous fiscal years, and
  of which not less than $200,000,000 shall be provided as Commodity Import
  Program assistance: Provided further, That in exercising the authority to
  provide cash transfer assistance for Israel and Egypt, the President shall
  ensure that the level of such assistance does not cause an adverse impact on
  the total level of nonmilitary exports from the United States to each such
  country: Provided further, That it is the sense of the Congress that the
  recommended levels of assistance for Egypt and Israel are based in great
  measure upon their continued participation in the Camp David Accords and
  upon the Egyptian-Israeli peace treaty: Provided further, That none of the
  funds appropriated under this heading (or local currencies generated with
  funds provided to El Salvador under this Act) may be made available for El
  Salvador's Special Investigative Unit until 15 days after receipt by the
  Committees on Appropriations of a report from the Secretary of State which
  transmits a plan of the Government of El Salvador to transfer the Unit from
  military to civilian control, including the time period within which this
  transfer is to occur and the actions that will be taken to effect such a
  transfer: Provided further, That not less than $16,000,000 of the funds
  appropriated under this heading shall be made available for the West Bank
  and Gaza Program through the Near East regional program: Provided further,
  That not less than $15,000,000 of the funds appropriated under this heading
  shall be made available for Cyprus to be used only for scholarships or for
  bicommunal projects: Provided further, That none of the funds appropriated
  under this heading shall be made available for Zaire: Provided further,
  That not more than $300,000,000 of the funds appropriated under this
  heading may be made available to finance tied-aid credits, unless the
  President determines it is in the national interest to provide in excess
  of $300,000,000 and so notifies the Committees on Appropriations through
  the regular notification procedures of the Committees on Appropriations:
  Provided further, That none of the funds made available by this Act may be
  used for tied-aid credits or tied-aid grants except through the regular
  notification procedures of the Committees on Appropriations: Provided
  further, That none of the funds appropriated by this Act to carry out the
  provisions of chapters 1 and 10 of part I of the Foreign Assistance Act
  of 1961 may be used for tied-aid credits: Provided further, That as used
  in this heading the term `tied-aid credits' means any credit, within the
  meaning of section 15(h)(1) of the Export-Import Bank Act of 1945, which
  is used for blended or parallel financing, as those terms are defined by
  sections 15(h) (4) and (5), respectively, of such Act: Provided further,
  That up to $5,000,000 of the funds appropriated under this heading may be
  made available for humanitarian assistance for Armenia channeled through
  United States nongovernmental organizations, notwithstanding any other
  provision of law: Provided further, That funds appropriated under this
  heading shall remain available until September 30, 1993.
BALTIC STATES AND SOVIETS
  (a) FUNDING- Of the funds appropriated under the heading `Economic Support
  Fund', not less than $15,000,000 shall be made available only for assistance
  in accordance with the subsections under this heading.
  (b) ALLOCATIONS OF ASSISTANCE- Of the amount made available under this
  heading--
  (1) half shall be allocated for assistance to the Baltic states of Estonia,
  Latvia, and Lithuania; and
  (2) half shall be allocated  for assistance to eligible recipients in the
  Soviet Union that request technical assistance  from the United States.
  (c) TYPES OF ASSISTANCE- Funds made available under this heading shall be
  used to provide technical assistance to the Baltic states and eligible
  recipients in the Soviet Union in support of democratic reforms or
  market-oriented reforms.
  (d) WAIVER OF RESTRICTIONS ON ASSISTANCE RECIPIENTS- Assistance may be
  provided under this heading to any Baltic state or eligible recipient in
  the Soviet Union notwithstanding any provision of law that would otherwise
  prohibit such assistance.
  (e) ASSISTANCE MUST BE PROVIDED DIRECTLY OR THROUGH NGOS- Assistance under
  this heading--
  (1) for a Baltic state, may only be provided directly to the government
  of that state or through nongovernmental organizations; and
  (2) for a government of a Soviet republic or a local government described
  in subsection (f)(1), may only be provided directly to that government or
  through nongovernmental organizations.
  (f) ELIGIBLE RECIPIENTS IN THE SOVIET UNION- As used in this section,
  the term `eligible recipients in the Soviet Union' means--
  (1) the Government of any republic, and any local government, within the
  Union of Soviet Socialist Republics that was elected through open, free,
  and fair elections,
  (2) any indigenous nongovernmental organization in the Soviet Union
  that promotes democratic reforms, human rights, the rule of law, or
  market-oriented reforms; or
  (3) any governmental agency in the Soviet Union that promotes democratic
  reforms, human rights, the rule of law, and/or market-oriented reforms,
  provided that funds may be expended for technical assistance for such an
  agency but may not be provided directly to any such agency.
INTERNATIONAL FUND FOR IRELAND
  For necessary expenses to carry out the provisions of chapter 4 of part II,
  $20,000,000, which shall be available for the United States contribution to
  the International Fund for Ireland and shall be made available in accordance
  with the provisions of the Anglo-Irish Agreement Support Act of 1986
  (Public Law 99-415): Provided, That such amount shall be expended at the
  minimum rate necessary to make timely payment for projects and activities:
  Provided further, That funds made available under this heading shall remain
  available until expended.
Philippines Assistance
MULTILATERAL ASSISTANCE INITIATIVE
  For necessary expenses to carry out the provisions of the Foreign Assistance
  Act of 1961, $160,000,000, which shall be available for the Multilateral
  Assistance Initiative for the Philippines: Provided, That not less than
  75 per centum of the funds appropriated under this paragraph shall be
  made available for project and sector activities consistent with the
  purposes of sections 103 through 106 of such Act: Provided further, That
  the President shall seek to channel through indigenous and United States
  private voluntary organizations and cooperatives not less than $25,000,000
  of the funds appropriated under this paragraph and of the funds appropriated
  and allocated for the Philippines to carry out sections 103 through 106 of
  such Act: Provided further, That funds appropriated under this paragraph
  shall remain available until September 30, 1993.
DEVELOPMENT ASSISTANCE
  For necessary expenses to carry out the provisions of chapter 1 of part I
  of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961, $100,000,000, to remain available
  until expended, which amount shall be available only for nonproject sector
  assistance for the Philippines.
NOTIFICATION AND REPORT
  None of the development assistance funds appropriated under this heading
  for the Philippines, and none of the funds appropriated in this Act under
  the headings `Economic Support Fund', `Development Assistance Fund',
  `Population, Development Assistance', and `Foreign Military Financing
  Program' that are allocated for the Philippines shall be obligated
  or expended except through the regular notification procedures of the
  Committees on Appropriations: Provided, That in the event the United States
  and the Government of the Philippines are unable to agree to a Military
  Base Agreement, the President shall submit a report to the Committees on
  Appropriations justifying requested or modified assistance levels for
  the Philippines in light of the failure to achieve such an agreement:
  Provided further, That such report shall be submitted prior to the initial
  notification required by this paragraph.
ASSISTANCE FOR EASTERN EUROPE
  (a) For necessary expenses to carry out the provisions of the Foreign
  Assistance Act of 1961 and the Support for East European Democracy (SEED)
  Act of 1989, $400,000,000, to remain available until expended, which shall
  be available, notwithstanding any other provision of law, for economic
  assistance for Eastern Europe as follows--
  (1) $136,000,000 shall be provided for technical assistance and training,
  including such activities as support for labor activities, scholarship
  programs, medical assistance, and support for public and private sector
  development, and for technical and other assistance to support housing
  sectors;
  (2) $75,000,000 shall be provided for environment and energy activities,
  with emphasis on assistance in developing policies encouraging, and
  providing incentives for, end-use energy efficiency (including preparation
  of least-cost energy plans), conservation, and reliance on renewable
  energy resources, and further including training, technical assistance
  for related energy and environmental investments or regulation, local
  production of environmental or energy-related equipment, promotion of
  United States technologies, and dealing with health problems directly
  associated with pollution;
  (3) $20,000,000 shall be provided for activities to foster democratic
  pluralism;
  (4) $169,000,000 shall be provided for the Polish-American,
  Hungarian-American and other Enterprise Funds; and for other private
  enterprise activities, with emphasis on technical assistance and training
  for development of market-oriented policies, restructuring and creation
  of financial institutions (such as stock markets, insurance companies
  and banks), creation and management of private business organizations,
  and privatization of state business organizations.
  (b)(1) Funds allocated by this Act for any of the paragraphs under subsection
  (a) may be reallocated for the purposes of any other such paragraph if, at
  least 15 days prior to such reallocation, the Committees on Appropriations
  are notified in accordance with regular notification procedures.
  (2) Funds appropriated under this heading or in prior appropriations Acts
  that have been made available to an Enterprise Fund may be deposited by such
  Fund in interest-bearing accounts prior to the Fund's disbursement of such
  funds for program purposes. The Fund may retain for such program purposes
  any interest earned on such deposits without returning such interest to
  the Treasury of the United States and without further appropriation by
  the Congress.
  (c) Funds made available for the Enterprise Funds shall be expended at the
  minimum rate necessary to make timely payment for projects and activities.
  (d) Funds appropriated under this heading shall be considered to be economic
  assistance under the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 for purposes of making
  available the administrative authorities contained in that Act for the
  use of economic assistance.
  (e) On December 1, 1991, the President shall submit to the Committees
  on Appropriations a report containing the amount of funds obligated and
  expended for each project and subproject funded from amounts appropriated
  for Eastern Europe under this heading: Provided, That an update of this
  report shall be submitted by the President on March 1, 1992, to the
  Committees on Appropriations.
Independent Agencies
AFRICAN DEVELOPMENT FOUNDATION
  For necessary expenses to carry out the provisions of title V of the
  International Security and Development Cooperation Act of 1980, Public Law
  96-533, and to make such contracts and commitments without regard to fiscal
  year limitations, as provided by section 9104, title 31, United States Code,
  $14,950,000: Provided, That, when, with the permission of the Foundation,
  funds made available to a grantee under this heading are invested pending
  disbursement, the resulting interest is not required to be deposited in the
  United States Treasury if the grantee uses the resulting interest for the
  purpose for which the grant was made. This provision applies with respect
  to both interest earned before and interest earned after the enactment of
  this provision.
INTER-AMERICAN FOUNDATION
  For expenses necessary to carry out the functions of the Inter-American
  Foundation in accordance with the provisions of section 401 of the Foreign
  Assistance Act of 1969, and to make such contracts and commitments without
  regard to fiscal year limitations, as provided by section 9104, title 31,
  United States Code, $28,794,000.
OVERSEAS PRIVATE INVESTMENT CORPORATION
PROGRAM ACCOUNT
  For the subsidy cost as defined in section 13201 of the Budget Enforcement
  Act of 1990, of direct and guaranteed loans authorized by section 234 of the
  Foreign Assistance Act of 1961,  as follows: cost of direct and guaranteed
  loans, $2,399,000: Provided, That the funds provided in this paragraph
  shall be available for and apply to costs, direct loan obligations and loan
  guaranty commitments incurred or made during the period from October 1,
  1991 through September 30, 1993.
  In addition, for administrative expenses to carry out the direct and
  guaranteed loan programs, $7,000,000.
PEACE CORPS
  For expenses necessary to carry out the provisions of the Peace Corps Act
  (75 Stat. 612), $200,000,000, including the purchase of not to exceed five
  passenger motor vehicles for administrative purposes for use outside of the
  United States: Provided, That none of the funds appropriated under this
  heading shall be used to pay for abortions: Provided further, That funds
  appropriated under this heading shall remain available until September
  30, 1993.
Department of State
INTERNATIONAL NARCOTICS CONTROL
  For necessary expenses to carry out the provisions of section 481 of the
  Foreign Assistance Act of 1961, $150,000,000.
MIGRATION AND REFUGEE ASSISTANCE
  For expenses, not otherwise provided for, necessary to enable the
  Secretary of State to provide, as authorized by law, a contribution to
  the International Committee of the Red Cross and assistance to refugees,
  including contributions to the Intergovernmental Committee for Migration and
  the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees; salaries and expenses of
  personnel and dependents as authorized by the Foreign Service Act of 1980;
  allowances as authorized by sections 5921 through 5925 of title 5, United
  States Code; hire of passenger motor vehicles; and services as authorized
  by section 3109 of title 5, United States Code; $630,000,000: Provided,
  That not less than $80,000,000 shall be available for Soviet, Eastern
  European and other refugees resettling in Israel: Provided further, That
  not less than $1,500,000 shall be available for Tibetan refugees: Provided
  further, That not less than $1,500,000 shall be available for voluntary
  repatriation of Hmong refugees from Thailand to Laos through nongovernmental
  organizations: Provided further, That not less than $315,000,000 shall be
  available for overseas refugee programs (in addition to amounts available
  for Soviet, Eastern European, and other refugees resettling in Israel):
  Provided further, That not more than $11,000,000 of the funds appropriated
  under this heading shall be available for the administrative expenses of
  the Office of Refugee Programs of the Department of State.
UNITED STATES EMERGENCY REFUGEE AND MIGRATION ASSISTANCE FUND
  For necessary expenses to carry out the provisions of section 2(c) of the
  Migration and Refugee Assistance Act of 1962, as amended (22 U.S.C. 260(c)),
  $50,000,000, to remain available until expended: Provided, That the funds
  made available under this heading are appropriated notwithstanding the
  provisions contained in section 2(c)(2) of the Migration and Refugee
  Assistance Act of 1962 which would limit the amount of funds which could
  be appropriated for this purpose.
ANTI-TERRORISM ASSISTANCE
  For necessary expenses to carry out the provisions of chapter 8 of part II
  of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961, $15,000,000: Provided, That funds
  appropriated under this heading which exceed the amount appropriated under
  this heading for fiscal year 1991 may be made available only through the
  regular notification procedures of the Committees on Appropriations.
TITLE III--MILITARY ASSISTANCE
Funds Appropriated to the President
INTERNATIONAL MILITARY EDUCATION AND TRAINING
  For necessary expenses to carry out the provisions of section 541 of the
  Foreign Assistance Act of 1961, $47,196,000: Provided, That none of the
  funds appropriated under this heading shall be made available for grant
  financed military education and training for any country whose annual
  per capita GNP exceeds $2,349 unless that country agrees to fund from
  its own resources the transportation cost and living allowances of its
  students: Provided further, That no country whose annual per capita
  Gross National Product exceeds $2,349 may receive more than $300,000
  of the funds appropriated under this heading except as provided through
  the regular notification procedures of the Committees on Appropriations:
  Provided further, That none of the funds appropriated under this hearing
  shall be available for  Zaire, Liberia, Sudan, and Somalia.
FOREIGN MILITARY FINANCING PROGRAM
  For expenses necessary for grants to enable the President to carry out the
  provisions of section 23 of the Arms Export Control Act, $4,100,000,000:
  Provided, That of the funds appropriated by this paragraph not less than
  $1,800,000,000 shall be available for grants only for Israel, and not less
  than $1,300,000,000 shall be available for grants only for Egypt: Provided
  further, That the funds appropriated by this paragraph for Israel  shall
  be disbursed within thirty days of enactment of this Act or by October 31,
  1991, whichever is later: Provided further, That to the extent that the
  Government of Israel requests that funds be used for such purposes, grants
  made available for Israel by this paragraph shall, as agreed by Israel
  and the United States, be available for advanced fighter aircraft programs
  or for other advanced weapons systems, as follows: (1) up to $150,000,000
  shall be available for research and development in the United States; and
  (2) not less than $475,000,000 shall be available for the procurement in
  Israel of defense articles and defense services, including research and
  development: Provided further, That funds made available under this heading
  shall be obligated upon apportionment in accordance with paragraph (5)(C)
  of title 31, United States Code, section 1501(a), and shall be nonrepayable
  notwithstanding any requirement in section 23 of the Arms Export Control
  Act: Provided further, That none of the funds made available under this
  heading shall be available to finance the procurement of defense articles,
  defense services, or design and construction services that are not sold
  by the United States Government under the Arms Export Control Act unless
  the foreign country proposing to make such procurements has first signed a
  grant agreement with the United States Government specifying the conditions
  under which such procurements may be financed with such funds.
  For the cost, as defined in section 13201 of the Budget Enforcement Act of
  1990, of direct loans authorized by section 23 of the Arms Export Control
  Act as follows: cost of direct loans, $50,900,000: Provided, That these
  funds are available to subsidize gross obligations for the principal
  amount of direct loans of not to exceed $404,000,000: Provided further,
  That the rate of interest charged on such loans shall be not less than 5
  per centum per year:  Provided further, That all country and funding level
  changes in requested concessional financing allocations shall be submitted
  through the regular notification procedures.
  If Turkey receives any funds under this heading on a grant basis then
  not less than $30,000,000 of the funds provided for Greece shall be made
  available as grants: Provided, That none of the funds appropriated under
  this heading shall be available for assistance for Guatemala except through
  the regular notification procedures of the Committees on Appropriations:
  Provided further, That none of the funds appropriated under this heading
  shall be available for Zaire, Sudan, Liberia or Somalia: Provided further,
  That funds appropriated under this hearing that are allocated for Malawi may
  only be provided to support the Malawian military's efforts to secure the
  Nacala Railroad and for military activities which assist in the Mozambique
  peace process, including the protection of Mozambican refugees: Provided
  further, That not more than $300,000,000 of the funds made available under
  this heading shall be available for use in financing the procurement of
  defense articles, defense services, or design and construction services that
  are not sold by the United States Government under the Arms Export Control
  Act to countries other than Israel and Egypt: Provided further, That only
  those countries for which assistance was justified for the `Foreign Military
  Sales Financing Program' in the fiscal year 1989 congressional presentation
  for security assistance programs may utilize funds made available under
  this heading for procurement of defense articles, defense services or design
  and construction services that are not sold by the United States Government
  under the Arms Export Control Act: Provided further, That funds appropriated
  under this heading shall be expended at the minimum rate necessary to
  make timely payment for defense articles and services: Provided further,
  That the Department of Defense shall conduct during the current fiscal year
  nonreimbursable audits of private firms whose contracts are made directly
  with foreign governments and are financed with funds made available under
  this heading (as well as subcontractors thereunder) as requested by the
  Defense Security Assistance Agency: Provided further, That not more than
  $28,900,000 of the funds appropriated under this heading may be obligated
  for necessary expenses, including the purchase of passenger motor vehicles
  for replacement only for use outside of the United States, for the general
  costs of administering military assistance and sales: Provided further, That
  not more than $325,000,000 of funds realized pursuant to section 21(e)(1)(A)
  of the Arms Export Control Act may be obligated for expenses incurred by
  the Department of Defense during the fiscal year 1992 pursuant to section
  43(b) of the Arms Export Control Act, except that this limitation may be
  exceeded only through the regular notification procedures of the Committees
  on Appropriations: Provided further, That of the funds appropriated under
  this heading not more than $350,000,000 shall be available for Greece,
  not more than $500,000,000 shall be available for Turkey, not more than
  $100,000,000 shall be available for Portugal, and not more than $100,000,000
  shall be available for the Philippines: Provided, That the total of grants
  and the principal amount of direct loans provided for Greece and Turkey
  under this heading shall be made available according to a 7 to 10 ratio.
FOREIGN MILITARY SALES DEBT REFORM
  Subsection (b) under the heading `Foreign Military Sales Debt Reform' in the
  Foreign Operations, Export Financing, and Related Programs Appropriations
  Act, 1988, is hereby repealed.
SPECIAL DEFENSE ACQUISITION FUND
(LIMITATION ON OBLIGATIONS)
  Not to exceed $275,000,000 may be obligated pursuant to section 51(c)(2)
  of the Arms Export Control Act for the purposes of the Special Defense
  Acquisition Fund during fiscal year 1991, to remain available for obligation
  until September 30, 1994: Provided, That section 632(d) of the Foreign
  Assistance Act of 1961 shall be applicable to the transfer to countries
  pursuant to chapter 2 of part II of that Act of defense articles and
  defense services acquired under chapter 5 of the Arms Export Control Act.
PEACEKEEPING OPERATIONS
  For necessary expenses to carry out the provisions of section 551 of the
  Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 $28,000,000.
TITLE IV--EXPORT ASSISTANCE
EXPORT-IMPORT BANK OF THE UNITED STATES
  The Export-Import Bank of the United States is authorized to make
  such expenditures within the limits of funds and borrowing authority
  available to such corporation, and in accordance with law, and to make
  such contracts and commitments without regard to fiscal year limitations,
  as provided by section 104 of the Government Corporation Control Act, as
  may be necessary in carrying out the program for the current fiscal year
  for such corporation: Provided, That none of the funds available during
  the current fiscal year may be used to make expenditures, contracts,
  or commitments for the export of nuclear equipment, fuel, or technology
  to any country other than a nuclear-weapon State as defined in article
  IX of the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons eligible to
  receive economic or military assistance under this Act that has detonated
  a nuclear explosive after the date of enactment of this Act.
SUBSIDY APPROPRIATION
  There is hereby appropriated $612,000,000, for the subsidy cost, as defined
  in section 13201 of the Budget Enforcement Act of 1990, including the cost
  of direct loans, loan guarantees, tied-aid grants, and interest subsidies,
  in accordance with section 15 of the Export-Import Bank Act of 1945,
  as amended: Provided, That these funds are available to subsidize gross
  obligations for the principal amount of direct loans, tied-aid grants,
  interest subsidies, and total loan principal, any part of which is to
  be guaranteed, including insurance of not to exceed $11,000,000,000:
  Provided further, That up to $200,000,000 of any funds made available by
  this paragraph which remain unobligated as of September 30, 1992, shall
  remain available until expended and may be used for tied-aid grant purposes:
  Provided further, That none of the funds made available or limited under
  this heading may be used for tied-aid credits or grants except through
  the regular notification procedures of the Committees on Appropriations:
  Provided further, That none of the funds made available, and none of the
  credits and grants limited, under this paragraph may be made available
  to support in any manner whatsoever the financing of the sale of any item
  included in or covered by any category of the `United States Munitions List'
  authorized by section 38 of the Arms Export Control Act and regulations
  issued pursuant thereto: Provided further, That funds made available by
  this paragraph are made available notwithstanding section 2(b)(2) of the
  Export-Import Bank Act of 1945, in connection with the purchase or lease of
  any product by any East European country, or any agency or national thereof.
ADMINISTRATIVE EXPENSES
  Not to exceed $25,113,000 (to be computed on an accrual basis) shall
  be available during fiscal year 1992 for administrative expenses,
  including hire of passenger motor vehicles and services as authorized by
  section 3109 of title 5, United States Code, and not to exceed $16,000
  for official reception and representation expenses for members of the
  Board of Directors, and there is hereby appropriated $13,500,000 during
  fiscal year 1992 for administrative expenses incurred in connection with
  contracting for the issuance and servicing of insurance and reinsurance
  or in lieu of contracting for the performance of such services by the
  Export-Import Bank: Provided, That (1) fees or dues to international
  organizations of credit institutions engaged in financing foreign trade,
  (2) necessary expenses (including special services performed on a contract
  or a fee basis, but not including other personal services) in connection
  with the acquisition, operation, maintenance, improvement, or disposition
  of any real or personal property belonging to the Export-Import Bank or
  in which it has an interest, including expenses of collections of pledged
  collateral, or the investigation or appraisal of any property in respect to
  which an application for a loan has been made, and (3) expenses (other than
  internal expenses of the Export-Import Bank) incurred in connection with
  the issuance and servicing of guarantees, insurance, and reinsurance, shall
  be considered as nonadministrative expenses for the purposes of this heading.
Funds Appropriated to the President
TRADE AND DEVELOPMENT PROGRAM
  For necessary expenses to carry out the provisions of section 661 of the
  Foreign Assistance Act of 1961, $40,000,000.
TITLE V--GENERAL PROVISIONS
COST BENEFIT STUDIES
  SEC. 501. None of the funds appropriated in this Act (other than funds
  appropriated for `International Organizations and Programs') shall be
  used to finance the construction of any new flood control, reclamation,
  or other water or related land resource project or program which has not
  met the standards and criteria used in determining the feasibility of flood
  control, reclamation, and other water and related land resource programs
  and projects proposed for construction within the United States of America
  under the principles, standards and procedures established pursuant to the
  Water Resources Planning Act (42 U.S.C. 1962, et seq.) or Acts amendatory
  or supplementary thereto.
OBLIGATIONS DURING LAST MONTH OF AVAILABILITY
  SEC. 502. Except for the appropriations entitled `International Disaster
  Assistance', and `United States Emergency Refugee and Migration Assistance
  Fund', not more than 15 per centum of any appropriation item made available
  by this Act shall be obligated during the last month of availability.
PROHIBITION AGAINST PAY TO FOREIGN ARMED SERVICE MEMBER
  SEC. 503. None of the funds appropriated in this Act nor any of the
  counterpart funds generated as a result of assistance hereunder or any
  prior Act shall be used to pay pensions, annuities, retirement pay,
  or adjusted service compensation for any person heretofore or hereafter
  serving in the armed forces of any recipient country.
TERMINATION FOR CONVENIENCE
  SEC. 504. None of the funds appropriated or made available pursuant to
  this Act for carrying out the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961, may be used
  for making payments on any contract for procurement to which the United
  States is a party entered into after the date of enactment of this Act
  which does not contain a provision authorizing the termination of such
  contract for the convenience of the United States.
PROHIBITION OF PAYMENTS TO UNITED NATIONS MEMBERS
  SEC. 505. None of the funds appropriated or made available pursuant to
  this Act for carrying out the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961, may be used
  to pay in whole or in part any assessments, arrearages, or dues of any
  member of the United Nations.
PROHIBITION OF BILATERAL FUNDING FOR INTERNATIONAL FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS
  SEC. 506. None of the funds contained in title II of this Act may be used
  to carry out the provisions of section 209(d) of the Foreign Assistance
  Act of 1961.
AID RESIDENCE EXPENSES
  SEC. 507. Of the funds appropriated or made available pursuant to this
  Act, not to exceed $126,500 shall be for official residence expenses
  of the Agency for International Development during the current fiscal
  year: Provided, That appropriate steps shall be taken to assure that,
  to the maximum extent possible, United States-owned foreign currencies
  are utilized in lieu of dollars.
AID ENTERTAINMENT EXPENSES
  SEC. 508. Of the funds appropriated or made available pursuant to this Act,
  not to exceed $11,500 shall be for entertainment expenses of the Agency
  for International Development during the current fiscal year.
REPRESENTATIONAL ALLOWANCES
  SEC. 509. Of the funds appropriated or made available pursuant to this Act,
  not to exceed $115,000 shall be available for representation allowances
  for the Agency for International Development during the current fiscal
  year: Provided, That appropriate steps shall be taken to assure that,
  to the maximum extent possible, United States-owned foreign currencies
  are utilized in lieu of dollars: Provided further, That of the funds made
  available by this Act for general costs of administering military assistance
  and sales under the heading `Foreign Military Financing Program', not to
  exceed $2,875 shall be available for entertainment expenses and not to
  exceed $75,000 shall be available for representation allowances: Provided
  further, That of the funds made available by this Act under the heading
  `International Military Education and Training', not to exceed $125,000
  shall be available for entertainment allowances: Provided further, That
  of the funds made available by this Act for the Inter-American Foundation,
  not to exceed $2,875 shall be available for entertainment and representation
  allowances: Provided further, That of the funds made available by this Act
  for the Peace Corps, not to exceed a total of $4,600 shall be available for
  entertainment expenses: Provided further, That of the funds made available
  by this Act under the heading `Trade and Development Program', not to exceed
  $2,300 shall be available for representation and entertainment allowances.
PROHIBITION ON FINANCING NUCLEAR GOODS
  SEC. 510. None of the funds appropriated or made available (other than
  funds for `International Organizations and Programs') pursuant to this Act,
  for carrying out the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961, may be used to finance
  the export of nuclear equipment, fuel, or technology.
HUMAN RIGHTS
  SEC. 511. Funds appropriated by this Act may not be obligated or expended
  to provide assistance to any country for the purpose of aiding the efforts
  of the government of such country to repress the legitimate rights of
  the population of such country contrary to the Universal Declaration of
  Human Rights.
PROHIBITION AGAINST DIRECT FUNDING FOR CERTAIN COUNTRIES
  SEC. 512. None of the funds appropriated or otherwise made available pursuant
  to this Act shall be obligated or expended to finance directly any assistance
  or reparations to Angola, Cambodia, Cuba, Iraq, Libya, the Socialist Republic
  of Vietnam, Iran, or Syria: Provided, That for purposes of this section,
  the prohibition on obligations or expenditures shall include direct loans,
  credits, insurance and guarantees of the Export-Import Bank or its agents.
MILITARY COUPS
  SEC. 513. None of the funds appropriated or otherwise made available pursuant
  to this Act shall be obligated or expended to finance directly any assistance
  to any country whose duly elected Head of Government is deposed by military
  coup or decree: Provided, That assistance may be resumed to such country if
  the President determines and reports to the Committees on Appropriations
  that subsequent to the termination of assistance a democratically elected
  government has taken office.
TRANSFERS BETWEEN ACCOUNTS
  SEC. 514. None of the funds made available by this Act may be obligated under
  an appropriation account to which they were not appropriated, unless the
  President, prior to the exercise of any authority contained in the Foreign
  Assistance Act of 1961 to transfer funds, consults with and provides a
  written policy justification to the Committees on Appropriations of the
  House of Representatives and the Senate: Provided, That the exercise of
  such authority shall be subject to the regular notification procedures of
  the Committees on Appropriations.
DEOBLIGATION/REOBLIGATION AUTHORITY
  SEC. 515. (a) Amounts certified pursuant to section 1311 of the Supplemental
  Appropriations Act, 1955, as having been obligated against appropriations
  heretofore made under the authority of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961
  for the same general purpose as any of the headings under the `Agency for
  International Development' are, if deobligated, hereby continued available
  for the same period as the respective appropriations under such headings
  or until September 30, 1992, whichever is later, and for the same general
  purpose, and for countries within the same region as originally obligated:
  Provided, That the Appropriations Committees of both Houses of the Congress
  are notified fifteen days in advance of the deobligation and reobligation
  of such funds in accordance with regular notification procedures of the
  Committees on Appropriations.
  (b) Obligated balances of funds appropriated to carry out section 23 of
  the Arms Export Control Act as of the end of the fiscal year immediately
  preceding the current fiscal year are, if deobligated, hereby continued
  available during the current fiscal year for the same purpose under any
  authority applicable to such appropriations under this Act: Provided,
  That the Appropriations Committees of both Houses of the Congress are
  notified fifteen days in advance of the deobligation and reobligation
  of such funds in accordance with regular notification procedures of the
  Committees on Appropriations.
PROHIBITION ON PUBLICITY OR PROPAGANDA
  SEC. 516. No part of any appropriation contained in this Act shall be
  used for publicity or propaganda purposes within the United States not
  authorized before the date of enactment of this Act by the Congress.
availability of funds
  SEC. 517. No part of any appropriation contained in this Act shall remain
  available for obligation after the expiration of the current fiscal year
  unless expressly so provided in this Act: Provided, That funds appropriated
  for the purposes of chapter 1 of part I, section 667, and chapter 4 of
  part II of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961, as amended, shall remain
  available until expended if such funds are initially obligated before the
  expiration of their respective periods of availability contained in this Act:
  Provided further, That, notwithstanding any other provision of this Act,
  any funds made available for the purposes of chapter 1 of part I and chapter
  4 of part II of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 which are allocated or
  obligated for cash disbursements in order to address balance of payments or
  economic policy reform objectives, shall remain available until expended:
  Provided further, That the report required by section 653(a) of the Foreign
  Assistance Act of 1961 shall designate for each country, to the extent
  known at the time of submission of such report, those funds allocated for
  cash disbursement for balance of payment and economic policy reform purposes.
LIMITATION ON ASSISTANCE TO COUNTRIES IN DEFAULT
  SEC. 518. No part of any appropriation contained in this Act shall be used
  to furnish assistance to any country which is in default during a period
  in excess of one calendar year in payment to the United States of principal
  or interest on any loan made to such country by the United States pursuant
  to a program for which funds are appropriated under this Act: Provided,
  That this section and section 620(q) of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961
  shall not apply to funds made available in this Act for Nicaragua, and for
  any narcotics-related assistance for Colombia, Bolivia, and Peru authorized
  by the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 or the Arms Export Control Act.
FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS--DOCUMENTATION
  SEC. 519. None of the funds appropriated or made available pursuant to
  this Act shall be available to any international financial institution
  whose United States governor or representative cannot upon request obtain
  any document developed by or in the possession of the management of the
  international financial institution, unless the United States governor
  or representative of the institution certifies to the Committees on
  Appropriations that the confidentiality of the information is essential
  to the operation of the institution.
COMMERCE AND TRADE
  SEC. 520. (a) None of the funds appropriated or made available pursuant
  to this Act for direct assistance and none of the funds otherwise made
  available pursuant to this Act to the Export-Import Bank and the Overseas
  Private Investment Corporation shall be obligated or expended to finance any
  loan, any assistance or any other financial commitments for establishing
  or expanding production of any commodity for export by any country other
  than the United States, if the commodity is likely to be in surplus on
  world markets at the time the resulting productive capacity is expected
  to become operative and if the assistance will cause substantial injury
  to United States producers of the same, similar, or competing commodity:
  Provided, That such prohibition shall not apply to the Export-Import Bank
  if in the judgment of its Board of Directors the benefits to industry and
  employment in the United States are likely to outweigh the injury to United
  States producers of the same, similar, or competing commodity.
  (b) None of the funds appropriated by this or any other Act to carry
  out chapter 1 of part I of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 shall
  be available for any testing or breeding feasibility study, variety
  improvement or introduction, consultancy, publication, conference,
  or training in connection with the growth or production in a foreign
  country of an agricultural commodity for export which would compete with
  a similar commodity grown or produced in the United States: Provided,
  That this subsection shall not prohibit--
  (1) activities designed to increase food security in developing countries
  where such activities will not have a significant impact in the export of
  agricultural commodities of the United States; or
  (2) research activities intended primarily to benefit American producers.
  (c) None of the funds provided in this Act to the Agency for International
  Development, other than funds made available to carry out Caribbean
  Basin Initiative programs under the Tariff Schedules of the United States,
  section 1202 of title 19, United States Code, schedule 8, part I, subpart B,
  item 807.00, shall be obligated or expended--
  (1) to procure directly feasibility studies or prefeasibility studies for,
  or project profiles of potential investment in, the manufacture, for export
  to the United States or to third country markets in direct competition with
  United States exports, of import-sensitive articles as defined by section
  503(c)(1) (A) and (E) of the Tariff Act of 1930 (19 U.S.C. 2463(c)(1)
  (A) and (E)); or
  (2) to assist directly in the establishment of facilities specifically
  designed for the manufacture, for export to the United States or to
  third country markets in direct competition with United States exports,
  of import-sensitive articles as defined in section 503(c)(1) (A) and (E)
  of the Tariff Act of 1930 (19 U.S.C. 2463(c)(1) (A) and (E)).
SURPLUS COMMODITIES
  SEC. 521. The Secretary of the Treasury shall instruct the United States
  Executive Directors of the International Bank for Reconstruction and
  Development, the International Development Association, the International
  Finance Corporation, the Inter-American Development Bank, the International
  Monetary Fund, the Asian Development Bank, the Inter-American Investment
  Corporation, the African Development Bank, and the African Development Fund
  to use the voice and vote of the United States to oppose any assistance by
  these institutions, using funds appropriated or made available pursuant to
  this Act, for the production or extraction of any commodity or mineral for
  export, if it is in surplus on world markets and if the assistance will
  cause substantial injury to United States producers of the same, similar,
  or competing commodity.
NOTIFICATION REQUIREMENTS
  SEC. 522. For the purposes of providing the Executive Branch with
  the necessary administrative flexibility, none of the funds made
  available under this Act for `Development Assistance Fund', `Population,
  Development Assistance', `Development Fund for Africa', `International
  organizations and programs', `American schools and hospitals abroad',
  `Trade and development program', `International narcotics control',
  `Economic support fund', `Peacekeeping operations', `Operating expenses of
  the Agency for International Development', `Operating expenses of the Agency
  for International Development Office of Inspector General', `Anti-terrorism
  assistance', `Foreign Military Financing Program', `International military
  education and training', `Inter-American Foundation', `African Development
  Foundation', `Peace Corps', or `Migration and refugee assistance',
  shall be available for obligation for activities, programs, projects,
  type of materiel assistance, countries, or other operation not justified
  or in excess of the amount justified to the Appropriations Committees for
  obligation under any of these specific headings for the current fiscal
  year unless the Appropriations Committees of both Houses of Congress are
  previously notified fifteen days in advance: Provided, That the President
  shall not enter into any commitment of funds appropriated for the purposes
  of section 23 of the Arms Export Control Act for the provision of major
  defense equipment, other than conventional ammunition, or other major
  defense items defined to be aircraft, ships, missiles, or combat vehicles,
  not previously justified to Congress or 20 per centum in excess of the
  quantities justified to Congress unless the Committees on Appropriations
  are notified fifteen days in advance of such commitment: Provided further,
  That this section shall not apply to any reprogramming for an activity,
  program, or project under chapter 1 of part I of the Foreign Assistance Act
  of 1961 of less than 20 per centum of the amount previously justified to
  the Congress for obligation for such activity, program, or project for the
  current fiscal year: Provided further, That the requirements of this section
  or any similar provision of this Act requiring notification in accordance
  with the regular notification procedures of the Committees on Appropriations
  may be waived if failure to do so would pose a substantial risk to human
  health or welfare: Provided further, That in case of any such waiver,
  notification to the Congress, or the appropriate congressional committees,
  shall be provided as early as practicable, but in no event later than three
  days after taking the action to which such notification requirement was
  applicable, in the context of the circumstances necessitating such waiver:
  Provided further, That any notification provided pursuant to such a waiver
  shall contain an explanation of the emergency circumstances.
CONSULTING SERVICES
  SEC. 523. The expenditure of any appropriation under this Act for any
  consulting service through procurement contract, pursuant to section 3109
  of title 5, United States Code, shall be limited to those contracts where
  such expenditures are a matter of public record and available for public
  inspection, except where otherwise provided under existing law, or under
  existing Executive order pursuant to existing law.
PROHIBITION ON ABORTION LOBBYING
  SEC. 524. None of the funds appropriated under this Act may be used to
  lobby for abortion.
LIMITATION ON AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS FOR INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS AND
PROGRAMS
  SEC. 525. (a) Notwithstanding any other provision of law or of this Act,
  none of the funds provided for `International Organizations and Programs'
  shall be available for the United States proportionate share for any programs
  for the Palestine Liberation Organization (or for projects whose purpose is
  to provide benefits to the Palestine Liberation Organization or entities
  associated with it), Libya, Iran, or, at the discretion of the President,
  Communist countries listed in section 620(f) of the Foreign Assistance Act
  of 1961, as amended: Provided, That, subject to the regular notification
  procedures of the Committees on Appropriations, funds appropriated under
  this Act or any previously enacted Act making appropriations for foreign
  operations, export financing, and related programs, which are returned
  or not made available for organizations and programs because of the
  implementation of this section or any similar provision of law, shall
  remain available for obligation through September 30, 1993.
  (b) The United States shall not make any voluntary or assessed contribution--
  (1) to any affiliated organization of the United Nations which grants full
  membership as a state to any organization or group that does not have the
  internationally recognized attributes of statehood, or
  (2) to the United Nations, if the United Nations grants full membership
  as a state in the United Nations to any organization or group that does
  not have the internationally recognized attributes of statehood,
during any period in which such membership is effective.
LOANS TO ISRAEL UNDER ARMS EXPORT CONTROL ACT
  SEC. 526. Notwithstanding any other provision of law, Israel may utilize
  any loan which is or was made available under the Arms Export Control Act
  and for which repayment is or was forgiven before utilizing any other loan
  made available under the Arms Export Control Act.
PROHIBITION AGAINST UNITED STATES EMPLOYEES RECOGNIZING OR NEGOTIATING WITH PLO
  SEC. 527. In reaffirmation of the 1975 memorandum of agreement between
  the United States and Israel, and in accordance with section 1302 of the
  International Security and Development Cooperation Act of 1985 (Public
  Law 99-83), no employee of or individual acting on behalf of the United
  States Government shall recognize or negotiate with the Palestine Liberation
  Organization or representatives thereof, so long as the Palestine Liberation
  Organization does not recognize Israel's right to exist, does not accept
  Security Council Resolutions 242 and 338, and does not renounce the use
  of terrorism.
ECONOMIC SUPPORT FUND ASSISTANCE FOR ISRAEL
  SEC. 528. The Congress finds that progress on the peace process in the
  Middle East is vitally important to United States security interests in the
  region. The Congress recognizes that, in fulfilling its obligations under the
  Treaty of Peace Between the Arab Republic of Egypt and the State of Israel,
  done at Washington on March 26, 1979, Israel incurred severe economic
  burdens. Furthermore, the Congress recognizes that an economically and
  militarily secure Israel serves the security interests of the United States,
  for a secure Israel is an Israel which has the incentive and confidence to
  continue pursuing the peace process. Therefore, the Congress declares that it
  is the policy and the intention of the United States that the funds provided
  in annual appropriations for the Economic Support Fund which are allocated
  to Israel shall not be less than the annual debt repayment (interest and
  principal) from Israel to the United States Government in recognition that
  such a principle serves United States interests in the region.
CEILINGS AND EARMARKS
  SEC. 529. Ceilings and earmarks contained in this Act shall not be applicable
  to funds or authorities appropriated or otherwise made available by any
  subsequent Act unless such Act specifically so directs.
LIMITATION ON CONTINGENCY AUTHORITY
  SEC. 530. Not more than $25,000,000 of the funds appropriated by this Act
  may be used for a `Democracy Contingency Fund'.
NOTIFICATION CONCERNING AIRCRAFT IN CENTRAL AMERICA
  SEC. 531. (a) During the current fiscal year, the authorities of part II of
  the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 and the Arms Export Control Act may not be
  used to make available any helicopters or other aircraft for military use,
  and licenses may not be issued under section 38 of the Arms Export Control
  Act for the export of any such aircraft, to any country in Central America
  unless the Committees on Appropriations, the Committee on Foreign Affairs
  of the House of Representatives and the Committee on Foreign Relations of
  the Senate are notified in writing at least fifteen days in advance.
  (b) During the current fiscal year, the Secretary of State shall promptly
  notify the committees designated in subsection (a) whenever any helicopters
  or other aircraft for military use are provided to any country in Central
  America by any foreign country.
ENVIRONMENT AND GLOBAL WARMING
  SEC. 532. (a) It is the policy of the  United States that sustainable
  economic growth must be predicated on the sustainable management of natural
  resources. The Secretary of the Treasury shall instruct the  United States
  Executive Director of each multilateral development bank (MDB) to promote
  vigorously within each MDB, and especially within the Asian Development
  Bank, the expansion of programs in areas which address the problems of
  global climate change through requirements to--
  (1) expand programs in energy conservation, end use energy efficiency,
  and renewable energy and promotion by--
  (A) continuing to augment and expand professional staffs with expertise
  in these areas;
  (B) giving priority to these areas in the `least cost' energy sector
  investment plans;
  (C) encouraging and promoting these areas in policy-based energy sector
  lending;
  (D) developing loans for these purposes; and
  (E) convening seminars for MDB staff and board members on these areas and
  alternative energy investment opportunities;
  (2) provide analysis for each proposed loan to support additional power
  generating capacity comparing demand reduction costs to proposal costs;
  (3) continue to assure that environmental impact assessments (EIA) of
  proposed energy projects are conducted early in the project cycle, include
  consideration of alternatives to the proposed project, and encourage public
  participation in the EIA process;
  (4) continue to include the environmental costs of proposed projects with
  significant environmental impacts in economic assessments; and
  (5) continue to provide technical assistance as a component of energy
  sector lending.
  (b) The Secretary of the Treasury shall vigorously promote within the
  International Monetary Fund reforms which address the problems of global
  climate change through requirements to--
  (1) augment and expand professional staff to address the macroeconomic
  policies of recipient countries in conjunction with environmental
  preservation and sustainability;
  (2) establish a systematic process within the Fund to review environment,
  public health, and poverty impacts of proposed lending prior to such
  lending taking place; and
  (3) require that a report on the status of operationalizing these reforms be
  submitted to Congress prior to obligation of any additional funds to the IMF.
  (c) The Secretary of the Treasury shall, not later than March 1, 1992,
  submit a report to the Congress which shall include--
  (1) a detailed description of how the natural resource management initiatives
  mandated by this section have been incorporated in the Administration's
  efforts to address Third World Debt (the Brady Plan);
  (2) a detailed description of progress made by each of the MDBs in adopting
  and implementing programs meeting the standards set out in subsection
  (a) including, in particular, efforts by the Department of the Treasury
  to assure implementation of this section, progress made by each MDB in
  subsection (a)(1)(B), and the amounts and proportion of lending in the
  energy sector for projects or programs in subsection (a)(1);
  (3) the progress the Inter-American Development Bank has made in implementing
  environmental reforms;
  (4) an updated analysis of each MDB's forestry sector loans, and a current
  analysis of each MDB's energy sector loans, and their impact on emissions
  of CO2 and the status of proposals for specific forestry and energy sector
  activities to reduce CO2 emissions; and
  (5) the progress the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development
  has made in implementing the recommendations set forth in the April 1,
  1988, report on `Debt-for-Nature Swaps'.
  (d)(1) The Administrator of the Agency for International Development shall
  update and issue guidance to all Agency missions and bureaus detailing the
  elements of the `Global Warming Initiative', which will continue to emphasize
  the need to reduce emissions of greenhouse gases, especially CO2 and CFCs,
  through strategies consistent with continued economic development. This
  initiative shall continue to emphasize the need to accelerate sustainable
  development strategies in areas such as reforestation, biodiversity,
  end-use energy efficiency, least-cost energy planning, and renewable energy,
  and shall encourage mission directors to incorporate the elements of this
  initiative in developing their country programs.
  (2) The Administrator shall pursue this initiative by, among other things--
  (A) increasing the number and expertise of personnel devoted to this
  initiative in all bureaus and missions;
  (B) devoting increased resources to technical training of mission directors;
  (C) accelerating the activities of the Multi-Agency Working Group on Power
  Sector Innovation;
  (D) focusing tropical forestry assistance programs on the key middle-
  and low-income developing countries (hereinafter `key countries') which
  are projected to contribute large amounts of greenhouse gases to the
  global environment;
  (E) assisting countries in developing a systematic analysis of the
  appropriate use of their total tropical forest resources, with the goal
  of developing a national program for sustainable forestry;
  (F) focusing energy assistance activities on the key countries, where
  assistance would have the greatest impact on reducing emissions from
  greenhouse gases; and
  (G) continuing to follow the directives with respect to key countries and
  countries that receive large Economic Support Fund assistance contained
  in section 534(b)(3) of Public Law 101-167.
  (3) None of the funds appropriated in this Act shall be available for any
  program, project or activity which would--
  (A) result in any significant loss of tropical forests; or
  (B) involve commercial timber extraction in primary tropical forest areas
  unless an environmental assessment:
  (i) identifies potential impacts on biological diversity;
  (ii) demonstrates that all timber extraction will be conducted according to
  an environmentally sound management system which maintains the ecological
  functions of the natural forest and minimizes impacts on biological
  diversity; and
  (iii) demonstrates that the activity will contribute to reducing
  deforestation.
  (4) Funds appropriated to carry out the provisions of sections 103 and 106
  of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961, as amended, may be used by the Agency
  for International Development, notwithstanding any other provision of law,
  for the purpose of supporting tropical forestry and energy programs aimed at
  reducing emissions of greenhouse gases with regard to the key countries in
  which deforestation and energy policy would make a significant contribution
  to global warming, except that such assistance shall be subject to sections
  116, 502B, and 620A of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961.
  (e) Of the funds appropriated by this Act to carry out the provisions of
  part I of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961, not less than $130,000,000
  shall be made available for environment and energy activities, including
  funds earmarked under section 533 of this Act, as follows--
  (1) not less than $20,000,000 of the aggregate of the funds appropriated
  to carry out the provisions of sections 103 through 106 and chapter 10 of
  part I of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 shall be made available for
  biological diversity activities, of which: $5,000,000 shall be made available
  for the Parks in Peril project pursuant to the authority of section 119(b)
  of that Act, and $100,000 shall be for the Charles Darwin Station;
  (2) not less than $20,000,000 of the funds appropriated to carry out
  the provisions of sections 103 and 106 and chapter 10 of part I of the
  Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 shall be made available to support replicable
  renewable energy projects, and at least five new renewable energy projects
  are to be initiated during fiscal year 1992;
  (3) not less than $7,000,000 of the funds appropriated to carry out the
  provisions of sections 103 and 106 and chapter 10 of part I of the Foreign
  Assistance Act of 1961 shall be made available for assistance in support
  of elephant conservation and preservation, of which $2,000,000 shall be
  available for the PARCS project; and
  (4) not less than $25,000,000 of the funds appropriated to carry out
  the provisions of sections 103 and 106 of the Foreign Assistance Act of
  1961 shall be made available for the Office of Energy of the Agency for
  International Development.
  (f) Of the funds appropriated by this Act to carry out the provisions of
  part I and chapter 4 of part II of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961,
  the Agency for International Development should, to the extent feasible
  and inclusive of funds earmarked under subsection (e) of this section,
  target assistance for the following activities:
  (1) $50,000,000 for projects associated with the Global Environmental
  Facility;
  (2) a total of $10,000,000 for CORECT, the Environmental Technology Export
  Council, and the International Fund for Renewable Energy Efficiency; and
  (3) $55,000,000 for activities consistent with the Global Warming Initiative.
MONTREAL PROTOCOL FACILITATION FUND
(INCLUDING TRANSFER OF FUNDS)
  SEC. 533. Not less than $15,000,000 of the funds appropriated by this Act
  to carry out sections 103 and 106 of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961
  shall be used to support the creation of a fund to facilitate and support
  global participation in the Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete
  the Ozone Layer: Provided, That these funds shall be transferred to the
  Bureau of Oceans, International Environment and Scientific Affairs of the
  Department of State and shall be made available, after consultations with
  the Environmental Protection Agency, to the United Nations Environment
  Program in its role as Secretariat to the Protocol: Provided further, That
  the United States representative to the Secretariat shall seek assurances
  that none of these funds shall be contributed to any developing country that
  is not a party to the Protocol and operating under Article 5 of the Protocol.
PROHIBITION CONCERNING ABORTIONS AND INVOLUNTARY STERILIZATION
  SEC. 534. None of the funds made available to carry out part I of the Foreign
  Assistance Act of 1961, as amended, may be used to pay for the performance
  of abortions as a method of family planning or to motivate or coerce any
  person to practice abortions. None of the funds made available to carry out
  part I of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961, as amended, may be used to
  pay for the performance of involuntary sterilization as a method of family
  planning or to coerce or provide any financial incentive to any person to
  undergo sterilizations. None of the funds made available to carry out part
  I of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961, as amended, may be used to pay for
  any biomedical research which relates in whole or in part, to methods of,
  or the performance of, abortions or involuntary sterilization as a means
  of family planning. None of the funds made available to carry out part I of
  the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961, as amended, may be obligated or expended
  for any country or organization if the President certifies that the use of
  these funds by any such country or organization would violate any of the
  above provisions related to abortions and involuntary sterilizations. The
  Congress reaffirms its commitments to Population, Development Assistance
  and to the need for informed voluntary family planning.
AFGHANISTAN--HUMANITARIAN ASSISTANCE
  SEC. 535. Of the aggregate amount of funds appropriated by this Act, to
  be derived in equal parts from the funds appropriated to carry out the
  provisions of chapter 1 of part I of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961,
  and chapter 4 of part II of that Act, up to $70,000,000 may be made available
  for the provision of food, medicine, or other humanitarian assistance to the
  Afghan people, notwithstanding any other provision of law. In carrying out
  this section, the Administrator of the Agency for International Development
  shall ensure that an equitable portion of the funds is made available to
  benefit Afghan women and girls, particularly in programs in refugee camps
  in Pakistan and in reconstruction projects in Afghanistan.
PRIVATE VOLUNTARY ORGANIZATIONS--DOCUMENTATION
  SEC. 536. None of the funds appropriated or made available pursuant to this
  Act shall be available to a private voluntary organization which fails
  to provide upon timely request any document, file, or record necessary
  to the auditing requirements of the Agency for International Development,
  nor shall any of the funds appropriated by this Act be made available to
  any private voluntary organization which is not registered with the Agency
  for International Development.
EL SALVADOR--INVESTIGATION OF MURDERS
  SEC. 537. Of the amounts made available by this Act for military assistance
  and financing for El Salvador under chapters 2 and 5 of part II of the
  Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 and under the Arms Export Control Act,
  $10,000,000 may not be expended until the President reports, following the
  conclusion of the Appeals process in the case of Captain Avila, to the
  Committees on Appropriations that the Government of El Salvador has (1)
  substantially concluded all investigative action with respect to those
  responsible for the January 1981 deaths of the two United States land
  reform consultants Michael Hammer and Mark Pearlman and the Salvadoran
  Land Reform Institute Director Jose Rodolfo Viera, (2) pursued all legal
  avenues to bring to trial and obtain a verdict of those who ordered
  and carried out the January 1981 murders, (3) pursued all legal avenues
  to bring to trial those who ordered and carried out the September 1988
  massacre of ten peasants near the town of San Francisco, El Salvador,
  and to obtain a verdict, (4) pursued all legal avenues to bring to trial
  those who ordered and carried out the November 1989 murders of six Jesuit
  priests and their associates, and to obtain a verdict, and (5) pursued
  all legal avenues to bring to trial those responsible for the deaths of
  the ten unionists who were killed during the October 31, 1989 bombing of
  the FENASTRAS headquarters, and to obtain a verdict.
REFUGEE RESETTLEMENT
  SEC. 538. It is the sense of the Congress that all countries receiving
  United States foreign assistance under the `Economic Support Fund',
  `Foreign Military Financing Program', `International Military Education
  and Training', the Agricultural Trade Development and Assistance Act of
  1954 (Public Law 480), development assistance programs, or trade promotion
  programs should fully cooperate with the international refugee assistance
  organizations, the United States, and other governments in facilitating
  lasting solutions to refugee situations. Further, where resettlement to
  other countries is the appropriate solution, such resettlement should be
  expedited in cooperation with the country of asylum without respect to race,
  sex, religion, or national origin.
ETHIOPIA--FORCED RESETTLEMENT, VILLAGIZATION
  SEC. 539. None of the funds appropriated in this Act shall be made
  available for any costs associated with the Government of Ethiopia's forced
  resettlement or villagization programs.
SPECIAL NOTIFICATION REQUIREMENTS
  SEC. 540. None of the funds appropriated in this Act shall be obligated
  or expended for Sudan, Liberia, Lebanon, Zaire, Yemen, Guatemala, Chile,
  Uganda, or Somalia except as provided through the regular notification
  procedures of the Committees on Appropriations.
DEFINITION OF PROGRAM, PROJECT, AND ACTIVITY
  SEC. 541. For the purpose of this Act, `program, project, and activity' shall
  be defined at the Appropriations Act account level and shall include all
  Appropriations and Authorizations Acts earmarks, ceilings, and limitations
  with the exception that for the following accounts: Economic Support Fund
  and Foreign Military Financing Program, `program, project, and activity'
  shall also be considered to include country, regional, and central program
  level funding within each such account; for the development assistance
  accounts of the Agency for International Development `program, project,
  and activity' shall also be considered to include central program level
  funding, either as (1) justified to the Congress, or (2) allocated by
  the executive branch in accordance with a report, to be provided to the
  Committees on Appropriations within thirty days of enactment of this Act,
  as required by section 653(a) of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961.
CHILD SURVIVAL AND AIDS ACTIVITIES
  SEC. 542. Up to $8,000,000 of the funds made available by this Act
  for assistance for health, child survival, and AIDS, may be used to
  reimburse United States Government agencies, agencies of State governments,
  institutions of higher learning, and private and voluntary organizations for
  the full cost of individuals (including for the personal services of such
  individuals) detailed or assigned to, or contracted by, as the case may
  be, the Agency for International Development for the purpose of carrying
  out child survival activities and activities relating to research on,
  and the treatment and control of, acquired immune deficiency syndrome
  in developing countries: Provided, That such individuals shall not be
  included within any personnel ceiling applicable to any United States
  Government agency during the period of detail or assignment: Provided
  further, That funds appropriated by this Act that are made available for
  child survival activities or activities relating to research on, and the
  treatment and control of, acquired immune deficiency syndrome may be made
  available notwithstanding any provision of law that restricts assistance
  to foreign countries.
CHILE
  SEC. 543. Funds appropriated by this Act under the heading `Economic
  Support Fund' may be used under the authority of section 534(b) (4)
  and (6) of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 to support the efforts of
  private groups and individuals seeking to develop a national consensus on
  the importance of an independent judiciary and the administration   of
  justice generally in a democratic society. Assistance may be provided
  under this section without regard to the requirements of section 726(b)
  of the International Security and Development Cooperation Act of 1981.
PROHIBITION AGAINST INDIRECT FUNDING TO CERTAIN COUNTRIES
  SEC. 544. None of the funds appropriated or otherwise made available
  pursuant to this Act shall be obligated to finance indirectly any assistance
  or reparations to Angola, Cambodia, Cuba, Iraq, Libya, the Socialist
  Republic of Vietnam, Iran, or Syria unless the President of the United
  States certifies that the withholding of these funds is contrary to the
  national interest of the United States.
RECIPROCAL LEASING
  SEC. 545. Section 61(a) of the Arms Export Control Act is amended by
  striking out `1991' and inserting in lieu thereof `1992'.
DEFENSE EQUIPMENT DRAWDOWN
  SEC. 546. (a) Defense articles, services and training drawn down under
  the authority of section 506(a) of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961,
  shall not be furnished to a recipient unless such articles are delivered
  to, and such services and training initiated for, the recipient country
  or international organization not more than one hundred and twenty days
  from the date on which Congress received notification of the intention to
  exercise the authority of that section: Provided, That if defense articles
  have not been delivered or services and training initiated by the period
  specified in this section, a new notification pursuant to section 506(b)
  of such Act shall be provided, which shall include an explanation for the
  delay in furnishing such articles, services, and training, before such
  articles, services, or training may be furnished.
  (b) Drawdowns made pursuant to section 506(a)(2) of the Foreign Assistance
  Act of 1961 shall be subject to the regular notification procedures of
  the Committees on Appropriations.
NOTIFICATION ON EXCESS DEFENSE EQUIPMENT
  SEC. 547. Prior to providing excess Department of Defense articles in
  accordance with section 516(a) of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961, the
  Department of Defense shall notify the Committees on Appropriations to the
  same extent and under the same conditions as are other committees pursuant
  to subsection (c) of that section: Provided, That before issuing a letter
  of offer to sell excess defense articles under the Arms Export Control Act,
  the Department of Defense shall notify the Committees on Appropriations in
  accordance with the regular notification procedures of such Committees:
  Provided further, That such Committees shall also be informed of the
  original acquisition cost of such defense articles.
AUTHORIZATION REQUIREMENT
  SEC. 548. Funds appropriated by this Act may be obligated and expended
  subject to section 10 of Public Law 91-672 and section 15 of the State
  Department Basic Authorities Act of 1956.
NOTIFICATION TO CONGRESS ON DEBT RELIEF AGREEMENTS
  SEC. 549. The Secretary of State shall transmit to the Appropriations
  Committees of the Congress and to such other Committees as appropriate, a
  copy of the text of any agreement with any foreign government which would
  result in any debt relief no less than thirty days prior to its entry
  into force, other than one entered into pursuant to this Act, together
  with a detailed justification of the interest of the United States in the
  proposed debt relief: Provided, That the term `debt relief' shall include
  any and all debt prepayment, debt rescheduling, and debt restructuring
  proposals and agreements: Provided further, That the Secretary of State
  and the Secretary of the Treasury should in every feasible instance notify
  the Appropriations Committees of the Congress and such other Committees
  as appropriate not less than 15 days prior to any formal multilateral or
  bilateral negotiation for official debt restructuring, rescheduling, or
  relief: Provided further, That the Secretary of State or the Secretary of
  the Treasury, as appropriate, shall report not later than February 1 of
  each year a consolidated statement of the budgetary implications of all
  debt-related agreements entered into force during the preceding fiscal year.
MIDDLE EAST REGIONAL COOPERATION AND ISRAELI-ARAB SCHOLARSHIPS
  SEC. 550. Middle East regional cooperative programs which have been carried
  out in accordance with section 202(c) of the International Security and
  Development Cooperation Act of 1985 shall continue to be funded at a level
  of not less than $7,000,000 from funds appropriated under the heading
  `Economic Support Fund'.
MEMBERSHIP DESIGNATION IN ASIAN DEVELOPMENT BANK
  SEC. 551. It is the sense of the Congress that the United States
  Government should use its influence in the Asian Development Bank to
  secure reconsideration of that institution's decision to designate Taiwan
  (the Republic of China) as `Taipei, China'. It is further the sense of
  the Congress that the Asian Development Bank should resolve this dispute
  in a fashion that is acceptable to Taiwan (the Republic of China).
DEPLETED URANIUM
  SEC. 552. None of the funds provided in this or any other Act may be made
  available to facilitate in any way the sale of M-833 antitank shells or
  any comparable antitank shells containing a depleted uranium penetrating
  component to any country other than (1) countries which are members of
  NATO, (2) countries which have been designated as a major non-NATO ally
  for purposes of section 1105 of the National Defense Authorization Act for
  Fiscal Year 1987 or, (3) Taiwan: Provided, That funds may be made available
  to facilitate the sale of such shells notwithstanding the limitations of
  this section if the President determines that to do so is in the national
  security interest of the United States.
EARMARKS
  SEC. 553. Funds appropriated by this Act which are earmarked may be
  reprogrammed for other programs within the same account notwithstanding the
  earmark if compliance with the earmark is made impossible by operation of
  any provision of this or any other Act or, with respect to a country with
  which the United States has an agreement providing the United States with
  base rights or base access in that country, if the President determines that
  the recipient for which funds are earmarked has significantly reduced its
  military or economic cooperation with the United States since enactment of
  the Foreign Operations, Export Financing, and Related Programs Appropriations
  Act, 1991; however, before exercising the authority of this section with
  regard to a base rights or base access country which has significantly
  reduced its military or economic cooperation with the United States,
  the President shall consult with, and shall provide a written policy
  justification to the Committees on Appropriations: Provided, That any such
  reprogramming shall be subject to the regular notification procedures of
  the Committees on Appropriations: Provided further, That assistance that
  is reprogrammed pursuant to this section shall be made available under
  the same terms and conditions as originally provided.
OPPOSITION TO ASSISTANCE TO TERRORIST COUNTRIES BY INTERNATIONAL FINANCIAL
INSTITUTIONS
  SEC. 554. (a) INSTRUCTIONS FOR UNITED STATES EXECUTIVE DIRECTORS- The
  Secretary of the Treasury shall instruct the United States Executive
  Director of each international financial institution to vote against any
  loan or other use of the funds of the respective institution to or for a
  country for which the Secretary of State has made a determination under
  section 6(j) of the Export Administration Act of 1979.
  (b) DEFINITION- For purposes of this section, the term `international
  financial institution' includes--
  (1) the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development, the
  International Development Association, and the International Monetary
  Fund; and
  (2) wherever applicable, the Inter-American Development Bank, the Asian
  Development Bank, the African Development Bank, and the African Development
  Fund.
PROHIBITION ON BILATERAL ASSISTANCE TO TERRORIST COUNTRIES
  SEC. 555. (a) Notwithstanding any other provision of law, funds
  appropriated for bilateral assistance under any heading of this Act and
  funds appropriated under any such heading in a provision of law enacted
  prior to fiscal year 1990, shall not be made available to any country
  which the President determines--
  (1) grants sanctuary from prosecution to any individual or group which
  has committed an act of international terrorism, or
  (2) otherwise supports international terrorism.
  (b) The President may waive the application of subsection (a) to a
  country if the President determines that national security or humanitarian
  reasons justify such waiver. The President shall publish each waiver in the
  Federal Register and, at least fifteen days before the waiver takes effect,
  shall notify the Committees on Appropriations of the waiver (including the
  justification for the waiver) in accordance with the regular notification
  procedures of the Committees on Appropriations.
SOUTH AFRICA--SCHOLARSHIPS
  SEC. 556. Of the funds made available by this Act under the heading
  `Economic Support Fund', $10,000,000 may be made available for scholarships
  for disadvantaged South Africans.
NARCOTICS CONTROL PROGRAM
  SEC. 557. (a)(1) Of the funds appropriated by this Act under the heading
  `Economic Support Fund', $275,000,000 may be made available for Peru,
  Bolivia, Colombia, and Ecuador: Provided, That funds under this paragraph may
  be made available to a country only if such country is making significant
  progress, as appropriate, in (1) satisfying the goals agreed to in the
  applicable bilateral narcotics agreement between such country and the United
  States, or a comparable multilateral agreement, (2) preventing narcotic
  drugs and other controlled substances from being sold illegally within
  the jurisdiction of such country to United States Government personnel
  or their dependents or from being transported, directly or indirectly,
  into the United States, (3) preventing and punishing the laundering in that
  country of drug-related profits or drug-related moneys, and (4) preventing
  and punishing public corruption which facilitates the illicit production,
  processing, or shipment of narcotic drugs and other controlled substances,
  or which discourages the investigation and prosecution of such acts.
  (2) For the purpose of reducing dependence upon the production of crops from
  which narcotic and psychotropic drugs are derived, funds appropriated by
  this Act to carry out the provisions of chapter 1 of part I and chapter 4
  of part II of the Foreign Assistance Act may be made available for Bolivia,
  Peru, Colombia, Ecuador, and Jamaica to promote the production, processing,
  and the marketing of products which can be economically produced in those
  countries, notwithstanding section 520 of this Act.
  (3) Of the funds appropriated by this Act under the heading `Foreign Military
  Financing Program', not more than $118,000,000 may be made available for
  Bolivia, Peru, and Colombia: Provided, That no funds may be made available
  under this paragraph to the government of any country which engages in
  a consistent pattern of gross violations of internationally recognized
  human rights.
  (4) Funds made available by this Act to carry out the provisions of the Arms
  Export Control Act and section 534 of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961
  may be provided for training and equipment for law enforcement agencies
  or other units in Colombia, Bolivia, and Peru that are organized for the
  specific purpose of narcotics enforcement: Provided, That assistance under
  this paragraph may be provided notwithstanding section 660 of the Foreign
  Assistance Act of 1961 and the second sentence of section 534(e) of that
  Act: Provided further, That the waiver contained in this paragraph does not
  apply to Peru's Sinchi police: Provided further, That assistance provided
  pursuant to this paragraph shall be subject to the regular notification
  procedures of the Committees on Appropriations.
  (5) Funds made available under this subsection shall be available for
  obligation consistent with requirements to apply the provisions of section
  481(h) of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 (relating to International
  Narcotics Control).
  (b) None of the funds appropriated or otherwise made available under this
  Act may be available for any country during any three-month period beginning
  on or after October 1, 1991, immediately following a certification by the
  President to the Congress that the government of such country is failing
  to take adequate measures (including satisfying the goals agreed to in
  applicable bilateral narcotics agreements as defined in section 481(h)(2)(B)
  of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961) to prevent narcotic drugs or other
  controlled substances (as listed in the schedules in section 202 of the
  Comprehensive Drug Abuse and Prevention Control Act of 1971 (21 U.S.C. 812))
  which are cultivated, produced, or processed illicitly, in whole or in
  part, in such country, or transported through such country from being sold
  illegally within the jurisdiction of such country to United States Government
  personnel or their dependents or from entering the United States unlawfully.
  (c) In making determinations with respect to Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador,
  and Peru pursuant to section 481(h)(2)(A)(i) of the Foreign Assistance
  Act of 1961, the President shall take into account the extent to which
  the Government of each country is sufficiently responsive to United States
  Government concerns on coca control and whether the provision of assistance
  for that country is in the national interest of the United States.
  (d) Of the funds appropriated under title II of this Act for the Agency
  for International Development, up to $10,000,000 should be made available
  for narcotics education and awareness programs (including public diplomacy
  programs) of the Agency for International Development, and $40,000,000 of
  the funds appropriated under title II of this Act should be made available
  for narcotics related economic assistance activities.
TURKISH AND GREEK MILITARY FORCES ON CYPRUS
  SEC. 558. Any agreement for the sale or provision of any article on
  the United States Munitions List (established pursuant to section 38 of
  the Arms Export Control Act) entered into by the United States after the
  enactment of this section shall expressly state that the article is being
  provided by the United States only with the understanding that it will
  not be transferred to Cyprus or otherwise used to further the severance or
  division of Cyprus. The President shall report to Congress any substantial
  evidence that equipment provided under any such agreement has been used
  in a manner inconsistent with the purposes of this section.
COMMERCIAL LEASING OF DEFENSE ARTICLES
  SEC. 559. Notwithstanding any other provision of law, and subject to the
  regular notification requirements of the Committees on Appropriations,
  the authority of section 23(a) of the Arms Export Control Act may be
  used to provide financing to Israel and Egypt and NATO and major non-NATO
  allies for the procurement by leasing (including leasing with an option
  to purchase) of defense articles from United States commercial suppliers,
  not including Major Defense Equipment (other than helicopters and other
  types of aircraft having possible civilian application), if the President
  determines that there are compelling foreign policy or national security
  reasons for those defense articles being provided by commercial lease
  rather than by government-to-government sale under such Act.
ASSISTANCE FOR CAMBODIAN DEMOCRACY
  SEC. 560. (a) ASSISTANCE- (1) Not to exceed $20,000,000 of the funds
  appropriated by this Act under the heading `Economic Support Fund' and
  for `development assistance' may be made available for humanitarian and
  development assistance for Cambodians, including the Cambodian non-Communist
  resistance, along the Thai-Cambodian border and throughout Cambodia,
  notwithstanding any other provision of law (other than sections 531(e)
  and 634A of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961, section 522 of this Act,
  and the provisions of this section).
  (2) The President shall terminate assistance under this section to any
  Cambodian organization that he determines is cooperating, tactically or
  strategically, with the Khmer Rouge in their military operations.
  (3) Not later than January 1, 1992, the President shall submit to the
  Speaker of the House of Representatives and the President pro tempore of the
  Senate an unclassified report describing the extent of military cooperation
  since January 1, 1991, between the Khmer Rouge and any individual group
  or faction of the non-Communist resistance.
  (b) ADMINISTRATION OF ASSISTANCE- To the maximum extent possible, all
  funds made available under this section shall be administered directly by
  the United States Government.
  (c) RELATION TO ASSISTANCE FOR CAMBODIAN CHILDREN- (1) Any assistance
  provided under this section shall be in addition to the assistance provided
  for under the heading `Humanitarian Assistance for Cambodian Children'.
  (2) Notwithstanding any other provision of this Act, funds made available
  under the heading `Humanitarian Assistance for Cambodian Children' shall
  also be available to civilian victims of war.
  (d) DEFINITIONS- For purposes of this section--
  (1) the term `development assistance' means assistance furnished to carry
  out any of the provisions of chapter 1 of part I of the Foreign Assistance
  Act of 1961; and
  (2) the term `humanitarian assistance' means food, clothing, medicine,
  or other humanitarian assistance, and it does not include the provision
  of weapons, weapons systems, ammunition, or other equipment, vehicles,
  or material which can be used to inflict serious bodily harm or death.
  (e) NOTIFICATIONS- Any funds made available during fiscal year 1992 to
  carry out the purposes of this section shall be subject to the regular
  notification procedures of the Committees on Appropriations.
COMPETITIVE INSURANCE
  SEC. 561. All Agency for International Development contracts and
  solicitations, and subcontracts entered into under such contracts, shall
  include a clause requiring that United States marine insurance companies
  have a fair opportunity to bid for marine insurance when such insurance
  is necessary or appropriate.
IRELAND
  SEC. 562. It is the sense of the Congress that of the funds appropriated
  or otherwise made available for the International Fund for Ireland, the
  Board of the International Fund for Ireland should give great weight in
  the allocation of such funds to projects which will create permanent,
  full-time jobs in the areas that have suffered most severely from the
  consequences of the instability of recent years. Areas that have suffered
  most severely from the consequences of the instability of recent years
  shall be defined as areas that have high rates of unemployment.
ASSISTANCE TO AFGHANISTAN
  SEC. 563. Funds appropriated by this Act may not be made available, directly
  or for the United States proportionate share of programs funded under the
  heading `International Organizations and Programs', for assistance to be
  provided inside Afghanistan if that assistance would be provided through
  the Soviet-controlled government of Afghanistan. This section shall not
  be construed as limiting the United States contributions to international
  organizations for humanitarian assistance.
EL SALVADOR ECONOMIC SUPPORT FUNDS
  SEC. 564. Not less than 25 per centum of the Economic Support Funds made
  available for El Salvador by this Act shall be used for projects and
  activities in accordance with the provisions applicable to assistance
  under chapter 1 of part I of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961.
DISADVANTAGED ENTERPRISES
  SEC. 565. (a) Except to the extent that the Administrator of the Agency
  for International Development of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961
  determines otherwise, not less than 10 percent of the aggregate amount made
  available for the current fiscal year for the `Development Assistance Fund',
  `Population, Development Assistance', and the `Development Fund for Africa'
  shall be made available only for activities of United States organizations
  and individuals that are--
  (1) business concerns owned and controlled by socially and economically
  disadvantaged individuals,
  (2) historically black colleges and universities,
  (3) colleges and universities having a student body in which more than 40
  per centum of the students are Hispanic American, and
  (4) private voluntary organizations which are controlled by individuals
  who are socially and economically disadvantaged.
  (b)(1) In addition to other actions taken to carry out this section,
  the actions described in paragraphs (2) through (5) shall be taken with
  respect to development assistance and assistance for sub-Saharan Africa
  for the current fiscal year.
  (2) Notwithstanding any other provision of law, in order to achieve the
  goals of this section, the Administrator--
  (A) to the maximum extent practicable, shall utilize the authority of
  section 8(a) of the Small Business Act (15 U.S.C. 637(a));
  (B) to the maximum extent practicable, shall enter into contracts with
  small business concerns owned and controlled by socially and economically
  disadvantaged individuals, and organizations contained in paragraphs (2)
  through (4) of subsection (a)--
  (i) using less than full and open competitive procedures under such terms
  and conditions as the Administrator deems appropriate, and
  (ii) using an administrative system for justifications and approvals that,
  in the Administrator's discretion, may best achieve the purpose of this
  section; and
  (C) shall issue regulations to require that any contract in excess of
  $500,000 contain a provision requiring that no less than 10 per centum of
  the dollar value of the contract be subcontracted to entities described
  in subsection (a), except--
  (i) to the extent the Administrator determines otherwise on a case-by-case
  or category-of-contract basis; and
  (ii) this subparagraph does not apply to any prime contractor that is an
  entity described in subsection (a).
  (3) Each person with contracting authority who is attached to the agency's
  headquarters in Washington, as well as all agency missions and regional
  offices, shall notify the agency's Office of Small and Disadvantaged Business
  Utilization at least seven business days before advertising a contract in
  excess of $100,000, except to the extent that the Administrator determines
  otherwise on a case-by-case or category-of-contract basis.
  (4) The Administrator shall include, as part of the performance evaluation
  of any mission director of the agency, the mission director's efforts to
  carry out this section.
  (5) The Administrator shall submit to the Congress annual reports on the
  implementation of this section. Each such report shall specify the number
  and dollar value or amount (as the case may be) of prime contracts,
  subcontracts, grants, and cooperative agreements awarded to entities
  described in subsection (a) during the preceding fiscal year.
  (c) As used in this section, the term `socially and economically
  disadvantaged individuals' has the same meaning that term is given for
  purposes of section 8(d) of the Small Business Act, except that the term
  includes women.
STINGERS IN THE PERSIAN GULF REGION
  SEC. 566. Except as provided in section 581 of the Foreign Operations,
  Export Financing, and Related Programs Appropriations Act, 1990, the
  United States may not sell or otherwise make available any Stingers to
  any country bordering the Persian Gulf under the Arms Export Control Act
  or chapter 2 of part II of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961.
PROHIBITION ON LEVERAGING AND DIVERSION OF UNITED STATES ASSISTANCE
  SEC. 567. (a) None of the funds appropriated by this Act may be provided to
  any foreign government (including any instrumentality or agency thereof),
  foreign person, or United States person in exchange for that foreign
  government or person undertaking any action which is, if carried out
  by the United States Government, a United States official or employee,
  expressly prohibited by a provision of United States law.
  (b) For the purposes of this section the term `funds appropriated by
  this Act' includes only (1) assistance of any kind under the Foreign
  Assistance Act of 1961; and (2) credits, and guaranties under the Arms
  Export Control Act.
  (c) Nothing in this section shall be construed to limit--
  (1) the ability of the President, the Vice President, or any official
  or employee of the United States to make statements or otherwise express
  their views to any party on any subject;
  (2) the ability of an official or employee of the United States to express
  the policies of the President; or
  (3) the ability of an official or employee of the United States to
  communicate with any foreign country government, group or individual, either
  directly or through a third party, with respect to the prohibitions of
  this section including the reasons for such prohibitions, and the actions,
  terms, or conditions which might lead to the removal of the prohibitions
  of this section.
APPROPRIATIONS OF UNITED STATES-OWNED CURRENCIES
  SEC. 568. The provisions of section 1306 of title 31, United States Code,
  shall not be waived to carry out the provisions of the Foreign Assistance
  Act of 1961 by any provision of law enacted after the date of enactment
  of this Act unless such provision makes specific reference to this section.
DEBT-FOR-DEVELOPMENT
  SEC. 569. In order to enhance the continued participation of nongovernmental
  organizations in economic assistance activities under the Foreign Assistance
  Act of 1961, including debt-for-development and debt-for-nature exchanges,
  a nongovernmental organization may invest local currencies which accrue
  to that organization as a result of economic assistance provided under the
  heading `Agency for International Development' and any interest earned on
  such investment may be used, including for the establishment of an endowment,
  for the purpose for which the assistance was provided to that organization.
LEBANON
  SEC. 570. (a) Of the fund appropriated by this Act to carry out chapter
  1 of part I and chapter 4 of part II of the Foreign Assistance Act of
  1961 not less than $10,000,000, $6,000,000 of which shall be derived from
  funds appropriated to carry out chapter 1 of part I and $4,000,000 of which
  shall be derived from funds appropriated to carry out chapter 4 of part II,
  shall be made available for Lebanon and may be provided in accordance with
  the general authorities contained in section 491 of the Foreign Assistance
  Act of 1961.
  (b) All deliveries to Lebanon of equipment purchased with Foreign Military
  Financing credits or grants shall be subject to the regular notification
  procedures of the Committees on Appropriations.
LOCATION OF STOCKPILES
  SEC. 571. Notwithstanding section 514(b) of the Foreign Assistance Act of
  1961, additions may be made to stockpiles in Israel during fiscal year
  1992 having a value of $300,000,000: Provided, That the word `value' as
  used in this section shall have the same meaning as in section 514 of the
  Foreign Assistance Act of 1961.
ASSISTANCE FOR PAKISTAN
  SEC. 572. (a) Section 620E(d) of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 is
  amended by striking out `April 1, 1991' and inserting in lieu thereof
  `April 1, 1993'.
  (b) None of the funds appropriated in this Act shall be obligated or
  expended for Pakistan except as provided through the regular notification
  procedures of the Committees on Appropriations.
SEPARATE ACCOUNTS
  SEC. 573. (a) SEPARATE ACCOUNTS FOR LOCAL CURRENCIES- (1) If assistance is
  furnished to the government of a foreign country under chapters 1 and 10
  of part I (including the Philippines Multilateral Assistance Initiative) or
  chapter 4 of part II of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 under agreements
  which result in the generation of local currencies of that country, the
  Administrator of the Agency for International Development shall--
  (A) require that local currencies be deposited in a separate account
  established by that government;
  (B) enter into an agreement with that government which sets forth--
  (i) the amount of the local currencies to be generated, and
  (ii) the terms and conditions under which the currencies so deposited may
  be utilized, consistent with this section; and
  (C) establish by agreement with that government the responsibilities of
  the Agency for International Development and that government to monitor
  and account for deposits into and disbursements from the separate account.
  (2) USES OF LOCAL CURRENCIES- As may be agreed upon with the foreign
  government, local currencies deposited in a separate account pursuant
  to subsection (a), or an equivalent amount of local currencies, shall be
  used only--
  (A) to carry out chapters 1 or 10 of part I or chapter 4 of part II (as
  the case may be), for such purposes as:
  (i) project and sector assistance activities, or
  (ii) debt and deficit financing; or
  (B) for the administrative requirements of the United States Government.
  (3) PROGRAMMING ACCOUNTABILITY- The Agency for International Development
  shall take all appropriate steps to ensure that the equivalent of the
  local currencies disbursed pursuant to subsection (a)(2)(A) from the
  separate account established pursuant to subsection (a)(1) are used for
  the purposes agreed upon pursuant to subsection (a)(2).
  (4) TERMINATION OF ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS- Upon termination of assistance
  to a country under chapters 1 or 10 of part I or chapter 4 of part II
  (as the case may be), any unencumbered balances of funds which remain in a
  separate account established pursuant to subsection (a) shall be disposed
  of for such purposes as may be agreed to by the government of that country
  and the United States Government.
  (5) CONFORMING AMENDMENTS- The provisions of this subsection shall
  supersede the tenth and eleventh provisos contained under the heading
  `Sub-Saharan Africa, Development Assistance' as included in the Foreign
  Operations, Export Financing, and Related Programs Appropriations Act,
  1989 and sections 531(d) and 609 of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961.
  (b) SEPARATE ACCOUNTS FOR CASH TRANSFERS- (1) If assistance is made
  available to the government of a foreign country, under chapters 1 or 10
  of part I (including the Philippines Multilateral Assistance Initiative)
  or chapter 4 of part II of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961, as cash
  transfer assistance or as nonproject sector assistance, that country shall
  be required to maintain such funds in a separate account and not commingle
  them with any other funds.
  (2) APPLICABILITY OF OTHER PROVISIONS OF LAW- Such funds may be obligated
  and expended notwithstanding provisions of law which are inconsistent with
  the nature of this assistance including provisions which are referenced in
  the Joint Explanatory Statement of the Committee of Conference accompanying
  House Joint Resolution 648 (H. Report No. 98-1159).
  (3) NOTIFICATION- At least fifteen days prior to obligating any such cash
  transfer or nonproject sector assistance, the President shall submit a
  notification through the regular notification procedures of the Committees
  on Appropriations, which shall include a detailed description of how the
  funds proposed to be made available will be used, with a discussion of the
  United States interests that will be served by the assistance (including,
  as appropriate, a description of the economic policy reforms that will be
  promoted by such assistance).
  (4) EXEMPTION- Nonproject sector assistance funds may be exempt from the
  requirements of subsection (b)(1) only through the notification procedures
  of the Committees on Appropriations.
ASSISTANCE FOR NICARAGUA
  SEC. 574. None of the funds appropriated by this Act shall be provided
  for any member of the Nicaraguan resistance who has not disarmed and is
  not abiding by the terms of the cease-fire agreement and the addendums to
  the Toncontin Agreement signed on April 19, 1990.
COMPENSATION FOR UNITED STATES EXECUTIVE DIRECTORS TO INTERNATIONAL FINANCIAL
INSTITUTIONS
  SEC. 575. (a) No funds appropriated by this Act may be made as payment to
  any international financial institution while the United States Executive
  Director to such institution is compensated by the institution at a rate
  which, together with whatever compensation such Director receives from
  the United States, is in excess of the rate provided for an individual
  occupying a position at level IV of the Executive Schedule under section
  5315 of title 5, United States Code, or while any alternate United States
  Director to such institution is compensated by the institution at a rate in
  excess of the rate provided for an individual occupying a position at level V
  of the Executive Schedule under section 5316 of title 5, United States Code.
  (b) For purposes of this section, `international financial institutions' are:
  the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development, the Inter-American
  Development Bank, the Asian Development Bank, the Asian Development Fund,
  the African Development Bank, the African Development Fund, the International
  Monetary Fund, and the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development.
FUTURE ASSISTANCE PROJECTIONS
  SEC. 576. The Congress finds that, as is the case with most domestic
  programs, overall constraints on the Federal budget will have a significant
  impact on the ability of the United States Government to meet program
  requirements in the coming years. Therefore, in order to assist the Congress
  to make the difficult policy choices attendant to budget shortfalls, the
  Congressional Presentation Documents of departments and agencies included
  within this Act shall contain funding projections for each of its major
  program components for each of the three years following the year for
  which new budget or other authority is being requested.
HUMAN RIGHTS
  SEC. 577. (a) COUNTRY LISTINGS- Not later than thirty days after submission
  of the report required by section 502B(b) of the Foreign Assistance Act of
  1961, the Secretary of State shall submit to the Committees on Appropriations
  a listing of those countries the governments of which are found, based
  upon the criteria and findings in the report required by section 502B(b)
  of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961, to engage in a consistent pattern
  of gross violations of internationally recognized human rights. This list
  shall be accompanied by a report from the Secretary of State describing how,
  for each country receiving assistance under the Foreign Military Financing
  Program, such assistance will be conducted to promote and advance human
  rights and how the United States will avoid identification with activities
  which are contrary to internationally recognized standards of human rights.
  (b) HUMAN RIGHTS REPORT- The Secretary of State shall also transmit the
  report required by section 116(d) of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 to
  the Committees on Appropriations each year by the date  specified in that
  section: Provided, That each such report submitted pursuant to such section
  shall include a review of each country's commitment to children's rights and
  welfare as called for by the Declaration of the World Summit for Children.
Compliance With United Nations Sanctions Against Iraq
  SEC. 578. (a) DENIAL OF ASSISTANCE- None of the funds appropriated or
  otherwise made available pursuant to this Act to carry out the Foreign
  Assistance Act of 1961 (including title IV of chapter 2 of part I,
  relating to the Overseas Private Investment Corporation) or the Arms Export
  Control Act may be used to provide assistance to any country that is not
  in compliance with the United Nations Security Council sanctions against
  Iraq unless the President determines and so certifies to the Congress that--
  (1) such assistance is in the national interest of the United States;
  (2) such assistance will directly benefit the needy people in that
  country; or
  (3) the assistance to be provided will be humanitarian assistance for
  foreign nationals who have fled Iraq and Kuwait.
  (b) IMPORT SANCTIONS- If the President considers that the taking of such
  action would promote the effectiveness of the economic sanctions of the
  United Nations and the United States imposed with respect to Iraq, and
  is consistent with the national interest, the President may prohibit,
  for such a period of time as he considers appropriate, the importation
  into the United States of any or all products of any foreign country that
  has not prohibited--
  (1) the importation of products of Iraq into its customs territory, and
  (2) the export of its products to Iraq.
EUROPEAN BANK FOR RECONSTRUCTION AND DEVELOPMENT
  SEC. 579. In all negotiations concerning the structure, bylaws, and operating
  procedures of the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD),
  the Secretary of the Treasury shall vigorously seek--
  (1) establishment of procedures for environmental assessment of all proposed
  operations with potentially significant environmental impacts;
  (2) establishment of an environmental unit with sufficient staff to review
  proposed operations, monitor compliance with environmental provisions,
  and provide overall policy guidance;
  (3) establishment of procedures for systematic consultation with and
  involvement of the public and interested nongovernmental organizations,
  including an opportunity for comment by local communities which may be
  affected by EBRD operations and establishment of a system of public
  notification and comment during the development of EBRD policies and
  operating procedures; and
  (4) agreement that a significant portion of the EBRD's funds shall be
  devoted to projects focused on environmental restoration and protection.
Repeal of Fiscal Year 1991 Provision
  SEC. 580. The amendment to section 516(a) of the Foreign Assistance Act
  of 1961 made by section 589 of the Foreign Operations, Export Financing,
  and Related Programs Appropriations Act, 1991 (Public Law 101-513) is
  hereby repealed.
CHEMICAL WEAPONS PROLIFERATION
  SEC. 581. None of the funds appropriated by this Act may be used to finance
  the procurement of chemicals, dual use chemicals, or chemical agents that
  may be used for chemical weapons production: Provided, That the provisions
  of this section shall not apply to any such procurement if the President
  determines that such chemicals, dual use chemicals, or chemical agents
  are not intended to be used by the recipient for chemical weapons production.
KENYA
  SEC. 582. Notwithstanding any other provision of law, none of the funds
  appropriated by this Act under the headings `Economic Support Fund' and
  `Foreign Military Financing Program', may be made available for Kenya
  unless the President certifies, and so reports to the Congress, that the
  Government of Kenya is taking steps to--
  (1) charge and try or release all prisoners, including any persons detained
  for political reasons;
  (2) cease any physical abuse or mistreatment of prisoners;
  (3) restore the independence of the judiciary; and
  (4) restore freedoms of expression: Provided, That none of the funds
  appropriated by this Act under the headings `Economic Support Fund' and
  `Foreign Military Financing Program' may be obligated or expended for
  Kenya until 30 days after such report is transmitted to the Congress.
MEDITERRANEAN EXCESS DEFENSE ARTICLES
  SEC. 583. During fiscal year 1992, the provisions of section 573(e) of the
  Foreign Operations, Export Financing, and Related Programs Appropriations
  Act, 1990, shall be applicable, for the period specified therein, to excess
  defense articles made available under sections 516 and 519 of the Foreign
  Assistance Act of 1961.
PRIORITY DELIVERY OF EQUIPMENT
  SEC. 584. Notwithstanding any other provision of law, the delivery of
  excess defense articles that are to be transferred on a grant basis under
  section 516 of the Foreign Assistance Act to NATO allies and to major
  non-NATO allies on the southern and southeastern flank of NATO shall be
  given priority to the maximum extent feasible over the delivery of such
  excess defense articles to other countries.
ISRAEL DRAWDOWN
  SEC. 585. Section 599B(a) of the Foreign Operations, Export Financing,
  and Related Programs Appropriations Act, 1991, is amended--
  (a) by striking out `As a result' and all that follows through `the
  President', and inserting in lieu thereof `During fiscal year 1992, the
  President', and
  (b) by striking out `of $700,000,000' and all that follows through the
  period, and inserting in lieu thereof `that equals the difference between
  $700,000,000 and the value of any such articles, services, and education and
  training that were authorized to be drawn down under the authority of this
  section before the enactment of the Foreign Operations, Export Financing,
  and Related Programs Appropriations Act, 1992.'.
CHIEF FINANCIAL OFFICERS PROHIBITION
  SEC. 586. None of the funds appropriated in this Act shall be used to
  implement the provisions of Public Law 101-576.
UNEXPENDED BALANCES EXTENSION
  SEC. 587. (a) In accordance with section 1557 of title 31, United States
  Code, amounts appropriated or otherwise made available in Acts making
  appropriations for foreign assistance and related programs for fiscal years
  and under the headings identified in subsection (b) shall be exempt from
  the provisions of subchapter IV of chapter 15 of title 31, United States
  Code, until September 30, 1994.
  (b) Subsection (a) shall apply to funds appropriated under the following
  headings for the fiscal year 1985 and 1986: `International Organizations
  and Programs' only for funds made  available for the International Fund for
  Agricultural Development, `Agriculture, rural development, and Nutrition,
  Development Assistance', `Population, Development Assistance', `Health,
  Development Assistance', `Child Survival Fund', `Education and human
  resources development, Development Assistance', `Energy and selected
  development activities, Development Assistance,' `Science and Technology,
  Development Assistance', `American Schools and Hospitals Abroad', `Trade
  and Development Program', `Economic Support Fund', `Peacekeeping Operations'.
PRIOR CONSULTATIONS ON IFI REPLENISHMENTS
  SEC. 588. Prior to entering into formal negotiations on any replenishment
  for any international financial institution or multilateral development
  bank, the Secretary of the Treasury shall consult with the Committees on
  Appropriations and appropriate authorizing committees on the United States
  position entering those negotiations.
ARMS TRANSFER MORATORIUM
  SEC. 589. ARMS TRANSFER MORATORIUM- (a)(1) ESTABLISHMENT- Except as provided
  in paragraphs (2) and (3), the United States Government shall not agree
  to any transfers of major military equipment to any nation in the Middle
  East and Persian Gulf region. This moratorium is established to induce and
  encourage the other permanent members of the United Nations Security Council
  to join in this effort and also to induce and encourage other members of
  the North Atlantic Treaty Organization, former members of the Warsaw Pact,
  and other major arms supplier nations to join in this effort.
  (2) CONDITIONS FOR TERMINATION OF UNITED STATES MORATORIUM- The requirement
  of paragraph (1) for a moratorium on United States arms transfers of major
  military equipment to the Middle East and Persian Gulf region shall cease to
  apply if the President submits to the Committee on Foreign Relations of the
  Senate and the Committee on Foreign Affairs of the House of Representatives
  and the Committees on Appropriations--
  (A) a report stating that the President has determined that there has been
  agreement by another major arms supplier nation on or after May 21, 1991,
  to transfer any major military equipment to any nation in the Middle East
  and Persian Gulf region;
  (B) the reports required by subsection (b)(1)(A) and (B).
  (3) EMERGENCY TRANSFERS- Paragraph (1) does not apply to any transfer of
  major military equipment that is a necessary, emergency response to major
  and sustained hostilities in the Middle East and Persian Gulf region or
  to an imminent threat of such hostilities.
  (4) MAJOR MILITARY EQUIPMENT- As used in this subsection, the term `major
  military equipment' means--
  (A) air-to-air, air-to-surface, and surface-to-surface missiles and rockets;
  (B) turbine-powered military aircraft;
  (C) attack helicopters;
  (D) main battle tanks;
  (E) submarines and major naval surface combatants; and
  (F) nuclear, biological, and chemical weapons.
  (5) EXEMPTION OF REPLACEMENT EQUIPMENT- Paragraph (1) and paragraph (2)(A)
  do not apply with respect to transfers which only involve the replacement
  on a one-for-one basis of equipment of comparable quality that has become
  inoperable after the date of enactment of this Act.
  (b)(1) REPORT ON PLAN FOR MULTILATERAL REGIME- As soon as practicable
  after the date of enactment of this Act, the President shall submit to
  the Committee on Foreign Relations of the Senate and the Committee on
  Foreign Affairs of the House of Representatives and the Committees on
  Appropriations the following two reports:
  (A) A report setting forth a United States plan for leading the world
  community in establishing a multilateral regime to restrict transfers of
  conventional and unconventional arms to the Middle East.
  (B) A report analyzing the feasibility of an arms transfer and control
  regime among nations in the Middle East and the potential elements of such
  regime, including--
  (i) the feasibility of opening for ratification or accession by nations of
  the Middle East and Persian Gulf region the Treaty Between the United States
  of America and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics on the Elimination
  of their Intermediate-Range and Shorter-Range Missiles (done at Washington
  on December 8, 1987), which bans all ground-launched ballistic and cruise
  missiles having ranges between 500 and 5,500 kilometers;
  (ii) what techniques used in the Treaty on Conventional Armed Forces in
  Europe (done at Paris on November 19, 1990) can be usefully applied to
  regional arms control initiatives in the Middle East and Persian Gulf
  region; and
  (iii) whether the `Open Skies' regime under consideration for countries
  in Europe and North America can be usefully applied to the Middle East
  and Persian Gulf region.
  (2) REPORTS ON TRANSFERS AND REGIONAL BALANCE- Not later than October 1
  of each year, beginning in the first calendar year which begins after the
  date of enactment of this Act, the President shall submit to the Committee
  on Foreign Relations of the Senate and the Committee on Foreign Affairs of
  the House of Representatives and the Committees on Appropriations a report--
  (A) documenting all transfers of conventional and unconventional arms to
  the Middle East over the previous year and the previous 5 years, including
  sources, types, and acquirers of weapons;
  (B) analyzing the current military balance in the region, including the
  effect on the balance of transfers documented under subparagraph (A);
  (C) describing the operation of any agreements comprising the multilateral
  arms transfer and control regime envisaged by this section; and
  (D) identifying supplier nations that have refused to participate in
  such a regime or that have engaged in conduct that violates or undermines
  the regime.
  (c) EXISTING AGREEMENTS- Subsection (a) does not apply with respect to
  transfers of defense articles or defense services pursuant to agreements
  entered into before May 21, 1991.
  (d) CONVENING OF CONFERENCE TO NEGOTIATE A MULTILATERAL ARMS TRANSFER
  AND CONTROL REGIME- As soon as practicable after the date of enactment of
  this Act, the President shall seek negotiations among, and undertake good
  faith efforts to convene a conference of, the five permanent members of the
  United Nations Security Council and other nations as appropriate, including
  members of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization, former members of the
  Warsaw Pact, and other nations selling military equipment and services,
  to establish a comprehensive multilateral arms transfer and control regime
  with respect to the Middle East and Persian Gulf region. The purposes of
  this regime should be--
  (1) to slow and limit the proliferation of conventional weapons in nations
  in the Middle East and Persian Gulf region;
  (2) to halt the proliferation of unconventional weapons, including nuclear,
  biological, and chemical weapons, as well as delivery systems associated
  with those weapons;
  (3) to limit and halt the proliferation of ballistic missile technologies
  and ballistic missile systems that are capable of delivering conventional,
  nuclear, biological, or chemical warheads;
  (4) to maintain the military balance in the Middle East and Persian Gulf
  region through reductions of conventional weapons and the elimination of
  unconventional weapons; and
  (5) to promote regional arms control in the Middle East and Persian
  Gulf region.
NOTIFICATION REQUIREMENT--LOAN OF MILITARY EQUIPMENT
  SEC. 590. The Committees on Appropriations are to be notified in accordance
  with the regular notification procedures prior to the use of the authorities
  contained in section 503 of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961, or any
  comparable provision of law.
REPORTING REQUIREMENT
  SEC. 591. The President shall submit to the Committees on Appropriations
  the reports required by section 25(a)(1) of the Arms Export Control Act.
  This Act may be cited as the `Foreign Operations, Export Financing, and
  Related Programs Appropriations Act, 1992'.
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