Text: H.R.2817 — 102nd Congress (1991-1992)All Information (Except Text)

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HR 2817 IH
102d CONGRESS
1st Session
 H. R. 2817
To require the Secretary of the Interior to conduct studies regarding the
desalting of water and water reuse, and for other purposes.
IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES
June 27, 1991
Mr. MILLER of California (for himself, Mr. BILBRAY, Mr. PANETTA,
Mr. MATSUI, Mr. GALLEGLY, Mr. OWENS of Utah, Mr. KOPETSKI, Mr. LOWERY of
California, Mr. DANNEMEYER, Mr. LANTOS, Mr. BERMAN, Mr. DELLUMS, Mr. BROWN,
Mr. ABERCROMBIE, Mr. CUNNINGHAM, Mr. EDWARDS of California, Mr. ROYBAL,
Ms. PELOSI, Ms. WATERS, Mr. MARTINEZ, Mr. FAZIO, Mr. LEHMAN of California,
Mr. STARK, Mr. MINETA, Mr. LEVINE of California, Mr. HANSEN, Mr. SMITH of
Florida, Mrs. BOXER, and Mr. JONTZ) introduced the following bill; which
was referred to the Committee on Interior and Insular Affairs
A BILL
To require the Secretary of the Interior to conduct studies regarding the
desalting of water and water reuse, and for other purposes.
  Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United
  States of America in Congress assembled,
SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE.
  This Act may be cited as the `Water Desalination Act of 1991'.
SEC. 2. DECLARATION OF POLICY.
  In view of the increasing shortage of usable surface and ground water and
  the importance of finding new sources of supply to meet present and future
  water needs and to further the goals of the Colorado River Basin Salinity
  Control Act of 1974, the Water Resources Research Act of 1984, and Public
  Law 95-84 (as amended), it is the policy of the United States to provide for
  the development of practicable low-cost means of producing from saline or
  biologically impaired waters, water of a quality suitable for agricultural,
  industrial, municipal, and other beneficial consumptive or nonconsumptive
  uses, and for studies related thereto, on a scale sufficient to determine
  the feasibility of the development of such production and distribution on
  a large scale for the purpose of conserving and increasing water resources.
SEC. 3. DEFINITIONS.
  As used in this Act--
  (1) the terms `desalting' and `desalination' mean the use of any process or
  technique for the removal and, when feasible, adaptation to beneficial use,
  of organic and inorganic elements and compounds from saline or biologically
  impaired waters, by itself or in conjunction with other processing;
  (2) the term `saline water' means sea water, brackish water, and other
  mineralized or chemically impaired water;
  (3) the term `Secretary' means the Secretary of the Interior;
  (4) the term `United States' means the States of the United States, the
  District of Columbia, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, and the territories
  and possessions of the United States; and
  (5) the term `usable water' means water of a quality suitable for
  agricultural, industrial, municipal, and other beneficial consumptive or
  nonconsumptive uses.
SEC. 4. WATER DESALINATION PROGRAM.
  The Secretary shall establish a desalination program to carry out the
  purposes of this Act. The program shall be comprised of 2 phases: phase
  I shall consist of studies conducted in accordance with section 5; and
  phase II shall consist of demonstration projects conducted in accordance
  with section 6.
SEC. 5. PHASE I--STUDIES.
  (a) IN GENERAL- In order to determine the most efficient means by which
  usable water can be produced from saline water, the Secretary shall conduct
  studies as Phase I of the water desalination program established by this Act.
  (b) PHASE I ACTIVITIES- In Phase I of the water desalination program,
  the Secretary shall--
  (1) conduct, encourage and promote studies to determine the best and most
  economical processes and methods for converting saline water into water
  suitable for beneficial uses, through grants and contracts--
  (A) to investigate desalination processes;
  (B) to make studies in order to ascertain the optimum mix of investment
  and operating costs;
  (C) to determine the best designs for different conditions of operation; and
  (D) to investigate increasing the economic efficiency of desalting processes
  by using them in dual-purpose `coprojects' with other processes involving
  the use of water;
  (2) engage necessary personnel, industrial or engineering firms, Federal
  laboratories water resources research and technology institutes, and
  other facilities, and educational institutions suitable to conduct such
  investigations and studies;
  (3) conduct or contract for technical work, including the design,
  construction, and testing of pilot systems and test beds to develop
  desalting processes and concepts;
  (4) study methods for the recovery of byproducts resulting from the desalting
  of water to offset the costs of treatment and to reduce environmental
  impact from those byproducts; and
  (5) recommend to Congress authorizations for construction, operation, or
  participation in demonstration projects for a process that may accomplish
  the purposes of this Act, which recommendations shall be accompanied by
  reports on engineering, environmental, and economic feasibility.
  (c) TARGET DATE- The Secretary shall endeavor to obtain results in Phase I of
  the water desalination program within 3 years after the date of enactment of
  this Act which are sufficient to support recommendations to Congress pursuant
  to subsection (b)(5) to commence demonstration activities under section 5.
SEC. 6. PHASE II--DEMONSTRATION.
  (a) IN GENERAL- In order to demonstrate the feasibility of desalting
  processes, the Secretary shall conduct a demonstration program as Phase
  II of the water desalination program established by this Act.
  (b) PHASE II ACTIVITIES- In Phase II of the water desalination program,
  the Secretary shall--
  (1) pursue the findings of investigations and studies authorized by this
  Act having potential applications to matters other than water treatment
  to the stage that the findings may be effectively used;
  (2) conduct or contract for technical work, including the design,
  construction, and testing of plants and modules to develop desalting
  processes and concepts;
  (3) study methods for the marketing of byproducts resulting from the
  desalting of water to offset the costs of treatment and to reduce impact
  on the environment from those byproducts;
  (4) undertake economic studies and surveys to determine present and
  prospective costs of producing water for beneficial purposes in various
  locations by desalting processes compared to other methods; and
  (5) conduct investigations and explore potential cooperative agreements,
  including cost-sharing with non-Federal public utilities and State and
  local governmental and other entities, in order to develop recommendations
  for Federal participation in processes and plants utilizing desalting
  technologies for the production of water.
SEC. 7. PARTICIPATION BY INTERESTED AGENCIES AND OTHER PERSONS.
  (a) COORDINATION WITH OTHER AGENCIES- Activities undertaken by the Secretary
  under this Act shall be coordinated or conducted jointly, as appropriate,
  with other Federal agencies, States, water resources research and technology
  institutes, and private entities.
  (b) AVAILABILITY OF INFORMATION- All information from studies sponsored or
  funded under authority of this Act shall be provided in such manner that
  such information resulting from Federal expenditures or authorities will
  (with exceptions necessary for national defense and the protection of
  patent rights) be available to the general public consistent with this Act.
SEC. 8. TECHNICAL AND ADMINISTRATIVE ASSISTANCE.
  The Secretary is authorized to accept technical and administrative assistance
  from a State, public, or private agency in connection with studies, surveys,
  location, construction, operation, and other work relating to the desalting
  of water, and may enter into contracts or agreements stating the purposes
  for which the assistance is contributed and, in appropriate circumstances,
  providing for the sharing of costs between the Secretary and such agency.
SEC. 9. MISCELLANEOUS AUTHORITIES.
  In carrying out this Act, the Secretary may--
  (1) make grants to educational and scientific institutions;
  (2) contract with educational and scientific institutions and engineering
  and industrial firms;
  (3) engage necessary personnel, industrial and engineering firms, and
  educational institutions suitable to conduct work;
  (4) use the facilities and personnel of Federal, State, municipal, and
  private scientific laboratories;
  (5) contract for or establish and operate facilities and tests to conduct
  studies necessary for the purposes of this Act;
  (6) acquire processes, data, inventions, patent applications, patents,
  licenses, lands, interests in lands and water, facilities, and other
  property by purchase, license, lease, or donation;
  (7) assemble and maintain domestic and foreign scientific literature and
  issue pertinent bibliographical data;
  (8) conduct inspections and evaluations of other desalination projects;
  (9) conduct and participate in conferences relating to the desalting
  of water;
  (10) coordinate, correlate, and publish information which will advance
  the development of the desalting of water; and
  (11) cooperate with Federal, State, and municipal departments, agencies
  and instrumentalities, water resources research and technology institutes,
  and with private persons, firms, educational institutions, and other
  organizations in effectuating the purposes of this Act.
SEC. 10. REPORTS.
  Before the end of the 12-month period beginning on the date of enactment of
  this Act, and each 12-month period thereafter, the Secretary shall submit a
  report to the President and Congress concerning the administration of this
  Act. Such report shall include the actions taken by the Secretary during
  the calendar year preceding the calendar year in which such report is filed,
  and shall include actions planned for the next following calendar year.
SEC. 11. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.
  There is authorized to be appropriated such sums as may be necessary to
  carry out this Act.