H.R.2817 - Water Desalination Act of 1991102nd Congress (1991-1992)
|Sponsor:||Rep. Miller, George [D-CA-7] (Introduced 06/27/1991)|
|Committees:||House - Interior and Insular Affairs|
|Latest Action:||House - 10/08/1992 Provisions Not Included in Final Version of H.R.429. (All Actions)|
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Text: H.R.2817 — 102nd Congress (1991-1992)All Information (Except Text)
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Introduced in House
HR 2817 IH 102d CONGRESS 1st Session H. R. 2817 To require the Secretary of the Interior to conduct studies regarding the desalting of water and water reuse, and for other purposes. IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES June 27, 1991 Mr. MILLER of California (for himself, Mr. BILBRAY, Mr. PANETTA, Mr. MATSUI, Mr. GALLEGLY, Mr. OWENS of Utah, Mr. KOPETSKI, Mr. LOWERY of California, Mr. DANNEMEYER, Mr. LANTOS, Mr. BERMAN, Mr. DELLUMS, Mr. BROWN, Mr. ABERCROMBIE, Mr. CUNNINGHAM, Mr. EDWARDS of California, Mr. ROYBAL, Ms. PELOSI, Ms. WATERS, Mr. MARTINEZ, Mr. FAZIO, Mr. LEHMAN of California, Mr. STARK, Mr. MINETA, Mr. LEVINE of California, Mr. HANSEN, Mr. SMITH of Florida, Mrs. BOXER, and Mr. JONTZ) introduced the following bill; which was referred to the Committee on Interior and Insular Affairs A BILL To require the Secretary of the Interior to conduct studies regarding the desalting of water and water reuse, and for other purposes. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE. This Act may be cited as the `Water Desalination Act of 1991'. SEC. 2. DECLARATION OF POLICY. In view of the increasing shortage of usable surface and ground water and the importance of finding new sources of supply to meet present and future water needs and to further the goals of the Colorado River Basin Salinity Control Act of 1974, the Water Resources Research Act of 1984, and Public Law 95-84 (as amended), it is the policy of the United States to provide for the development of practicable low-cost means of producing from saline or biologically impaired waters, water of a quality suitable for agricultural, industrial, municipal, and other beneficial consumptive or nonconsumptive uses, and for studies related thereto, on a scale sufficient to determine the feasibility of the development of such production and distribution on a large scale for the purpose of conserving and increasing water resources. SEC. 3. DEFINITIONS. As used in this Act-- (1) the terms `desalting' and `desalination' mean the use of any process or technique for the removal and, when feasible, adaptation to beneficial use, of organic and inorganic elements and compounds from saline or biologically impaired waters, by itself or in conjunction with other processing; (2) the term `saline water' means sea water, brackish water, and other mineralized or chemically impaired water; (3) the term `Secretary' means the Secretary of the Interior; (4) the term `United States' means the States of the United States, the District of Columbia, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, and the territories and possessions of the United States; and (5) the term `usable water' means water of a quality suitable for agricultural, industrial, municipal, and other beneficial consumptive or nonconsumptive uses. SEC. 4. WATER DESALINATION PROGRAM. The Secretary shall establish a desalination program to carry out the purposes of this Act. The program shall be comprised of 2 phases: phase I shall consist of studies conducted in accordance with section 5; and phase II shall consist of demonstration projects conducted in accordance with section 6. SEC. 5. PHASE I--STUDIES. (a) IN GENERAL- In order to determine the most efficient means by which usable water can be produced from saline water, the Secretary shall conduct studies as Phase I of the water desalination program established by this Act. (b) PHASE I ACTIVITIES- In Phase I of the water desalination program, the Secretary shall-- (1) conduct, encourage and promote studies to determine the best and most economical processes and methods for converting saline water into water suitable for beneficial uses, through grants and contracts-- (A) to investigate desalination processes; (B) to make studies in order to ascertain the optimum mix of investment and operating costs; (C) to determine the best designs for different conditions of operation; and (D) to investigate increasing the economic efficiency of desalting processes by using them in dual-purpose `coprojects' with other processes involving the use of water; (2) engage necessary personnel, industrial or engineering firms, Federal laboratories water resources research and technology institutes, and other facilities, and educational institutions suitable to conduct such investigations and studies; (3) conduct or contract for technical work, including the design, construction, and testing of pilot systems and test beds to develop desalting processes and concepts; (4) study methods for the recovery of byproducts resulting from the desalting of water to offset the costs of treatment and to reduce environmental impact from those byproducts; and (5) recommend to Congress authorizations for construction, operation, or participation in demonstration projects for a process that may accomplish the purposes of this Act, which recommendations shall be accompanied by reports on engineering, environmental, and economic feasibility. (c) TARGET DATE- The Secretary shall endeavor to obtain results in Phase I of the water desalination program within 3 years after the date of enactment of this Act which are sufficient to support recommendations to Congress pursuant to subsection (b)(5) to commence demonstration activities under section 5. SEC. 6. PHASE II--DEMONSTRATION. (a) IN GENERAL- In order to demonstrate the feasibility of desalting processes, the Secretary shall conduct a demonstration program as Phase II of the water desalination program established by this Act. (b) PHASE II ACTIVITIES- In Phase II of the water desalination program, the Secretary shall-- (1) pursue the findings of investigations and studies authorized by this Act having potential applications to matters other than water treatment to the stage that the findings may be effectively used; (2) conduct or contract for technical work, including the design, construction, and testing of plants and modules to develop desalting processes and concepts; (3) study methods for the marketing of byproducts resulting from the desalting of water to offset the costs of treatment and to reduce impact on the environment from those byproducts; (4) undertake economic studies and surveys to determine present and prospective costs of producing water for beneficial purposes in various locations by desalting processes compared to other methods; and (5) conduct investigations and explore potential cooperative agreements, including cost-sharing with non-Federal public utilities and State and local governmental and other entities, in order to develop recommendations for Federal participation in processes and plants utilizing desalting technologies for the production of water. SEC. 7. PARTICIPATION BY INTERESTED AGENCIES AND OTHER PERSONS. (a) COORDINATION WITH OTHER AGENCIES- Activities undertaken by the Secretary under this Act shall be coordinated or conducted jointly, as appropriate, with other Federal agencies, States, water resources research and technology institutes, and private entities. (b) AVAILABILITY OF INFORMATION- All information from studies sponsored or funded under authority of this Act shall be provided in such manner that such information resulting from Federal expenditures or authorities will (with exceptions necessary for national defense and the protection of patent rights) be available to the general public consistent with this Act. SEC. 8. TECHNICAL AND ADMINISTRATIVE ASSISTANCE. The Secretary is authorized to accept technical and administrative assistance from a State, public, or private agency in connection with studies, surveys, location, construction, operation, and other work relating to the desalting of water, and may enter into contracts or agreements stating the purposes for which the assistance is contributed and, in appropriate circumstances, providing for the sharing of costs between the Secretary and such agency. SEC. 9. MISCELLANEOUS AUTHORITIES. In carrying out this Act, the Secretary may-- (1) make grants to educational and scientific institutions; (2) contract with educational and scientific institutions and engineering and industrial firms; (3) engage necessary personnel, industrial and engineering firms, and educational institutions suitable to conduct work; (4) use the facilities and personnel of Federal, State, municipal, and private scientific laboratories; (5) contract for or establish and operate facilities and tests to conduct studies necessary for the purposes of this Act; (6) acquire processes, data, inventions, patent applications, patents, licenses, lands, interests in lands and water, facilities, and other property by purchase, license, lease, or donation; (7) assemble and maintain domestic and foreign scientific literature and issue pertinent bibliographical data; (8) conduct inspections and evaluations of other desalination projects; (9) conduct and participate in conferences relating to the desalting of water; (10) coordinate, correlate, and publish information which will advance the development of the desalting of water; and (11) cooperate with Federal, State, and municipal departments, agencies and instrumentalities, water resources research and technology institutes, and with private persons, firms, educational institutions, and other organizations in effectuating the purposes of this Act. SEC. 10. REPORTS. Before the end of the 12-month period beginning on the date of enactment of this Act, and each 12-month period thereafter, the Secretary shall submit a report to the President and Congress concerning the administration of this Act. Such report shall include the actions taken by the Secretary during the calendar year preceding the calendar year in which such report is filed, and shall include actions planned for the next following calendar year. SEC. 11. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS. There is authorized to be appropriated such sums as may be necessary to carry out this Act.