Text: H.R.2950 — 102nd Congress (1991-1992)All Information (Except Text)

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--H.R.2950--
H.R.2950
One Hundred Second Congress of the United States of America
AT THE FIRST SESSION
Begun and held at the City of Washington on Thursday, the third day of January,
one thousand nine hundred and ninety-one
An Act
To develop a national intermodal surface transportation system, to authorize
funds for construction of highways, for highway safety programs, and for
mass transit programs, and for other purposes.
 Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United
 States of America in Congress assembled,
SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE.
 This Act may be cited as the `Intermodal Surface Transportation Efficiency
 Act of 1991'.
SEC. 2. DECLARATION OF POLICY: INTERMODAL SURFACE TRANSPORTATION EFFICIENCY
ACT.
 It is the policy of the United States to develop a National Intermodal
 Transportation System that is economically efficient and environmentally
 sound, provides the foundation for the Nation to compete in the global
 economy, and will move people and goods in an energy efficient manner.
 The National Intermodal Transportation System shall consist of all forms
 of transportation in a unified, interconnected manner, including the
 transportation systems of the future, to reduce energy consumption and air
 pollution while promoting economic development and supporting the Nation's
 preeminent position in international commerce.
 The National Intermodal Transportation System shall include a National
 Highway System which consists of the National System of Interstate and
 Defense Highways and those principal arterial roads which are essential for
 interstate and regional commerce and travel, national defense, intermodal
 transfer facilities, and international commerce and border crossings.
 The National Intermodal Transportation System shall include significant
 improvements in public transportation necessary to achieve national goals
 for improved air quality, energy conservation, international competitiveness,
 and mobility for elderly persons, persons with disabilities, and economically
 disadvantaged persons in urban and rural areas of the country.
 The National Intermodal Transportation System shall provide improved access
 to ports and airports, the Nation's link to world commerce.
 The National Intermodal Transportation System shall give special emphasis
 to the contributions of the transportation sectors to increased productivity
 growth. Social benefits must be considered with particular attention to the
 external benefits of reduced air pollution, reduced traffic congestion and
 other aspects of the quality of life in the United States.
 The National Intermodal Transportation System must be operated and maintained
 with insistent attention to the concepts of innovation, competition, energy
 efficiency, productivity, growth, and accountability. Practices that resulted
 in the lengthy and overly costly construction of the Interstate and Defense
 Highway System must be confronted and ceased.
 The National Intermodal Transportation System shall be adapted to `intelligent
 vehicles', `magnetic levitation systems', and other new technologies wherever
 feasible and economical, with benefit cost estimates given special emphasis
 concerning safety considerations and techniques for cost allocation.
 The National Intermodal Transportation System, where appropriate, will be
 financed, as regards Federal apportionments and reimbursements, by the
 Highway Trust Fund. Financial assistance will be provided to State and
 local governments and their instrumentalities to help implement national
 goals relating to mobility for elderly persons, persons with disabilities,
 and economically disadvantaged persons.
 The National Intermodal Transportation System must be the centerpiece of a
 national investment commitment to create the new wealth of the Nation for
 the 21st century.
 The Secretary shall distribute copies of this Declaration of Policy to
 each employee of the Department of Transportation and shall ensure that
 such Declaration of Policy is posted in all offices of the Department of
 Transportation.
SEC. 3. SECRETARY DEFINED.
 As used in this Act, the term `Secretary' means the Secretary of
 Transportation.
TITLE I--SURFACE TRANSPORTATION
Part A--Title 23 Programs
SEC. 1001. COMPLETION OF INTERSTATE SYSTEM.
 (a) DECLARATION- Congress declares that the authorizations of appropriations
 and apportionments for construction of the Dwight D. Eisenhower National
 System of Interstate and Defense Highways made by this section (including
 the amendments made by this section) are the final authorizations of
 appropriations and apportionments for completion of construction of such
 System.
 (b) APPROVAL OF INTERSTATE COST ESTIMATE FOR FISCAL YEAR 1993- The Secretary
 shall apportion for all States (other than Massachusetts) for fiscal
 year 1993 the sums authorized to be appropriated for such year by section
 108(b) of the Federal-Aid Highway Act of 1956 for expenditure on the Dwight
 D. Eisenhower National System of Interstate and Defense Highways, using the
 apportionment factors contained in revised table 5 of the Committee Print
 Numbered 102-24 of the Committee on Public Works and Transportation of the
 House of Representatives.
 (c) EXTENSION OF APPORTIONMENT- Section 104(b)(5)(A) of title 23, United
 States Code, is amended by striking `1960 through 1990' each place it
 appears and inserting `1960 through 1996'.
 (d) EXTENSION OF ADMINISTRATIVE ADJUSTMENT OF ICE- Section 104(b)(5)(A)
 of such title is amended by striking the next to the last sentence and
 inserting the following new sentence: `As soon as practicable after the date
 of the enactment of the Intermodal Surface Transportation Efficiency Act of
 1991 for fiscal year 1992, and on October 1 of each of fiscal years 1993,
 1994, and 1995, the Secretary shall make the apportionment required by this
 subparagraph for all States (other than Massachusetts) using the Federal
 share of the last estimate submitted to Congress, adjusted to reflect (i) all
 previous credits, apportionments of interstate construction funds, and lapses
 of previous apportionments of interstate construction funds, (ii) previous
 withdrawals of interstate segments, (iii) previous allocations of interstate
 discretionary funds, and (iv) transfers of interstate construction funds.'.
 (e) ALLOCATION OF FUNDS TO MASSACHUSETTS- Section 104(b)(5)(A) of title
 23, United States Code, is amended by inserting before the last sentence
 the following new sentence: `Notwithstanding any other provision of this
 subparagraph or any cost estimate approved or adjusted pursuant to this
 subparagraph, subject to the deductions under this section, the amounts to be
 apportioned to the State of Massachusetts pursuant to this subparagraph for
 fiscal years 1993, 1994, 1995, and 1996 shall be as follows: $450,000,000
 for fiscal year 1993, $800,000,000 for fiscal year 1994, $800,000,000 for
 fiscal year 1995, and $500,000,000 for fiscal year 1996.'.
 (f) AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS- The first sentence of subsection (b) of
 section 108 of the Federal-Aid Highway Act of 1956 is amended by striking
 `and the additional sum of $1,400,000,000 for the fiscal year ending
 September 30, 1993.' and inserting the following: `the additional sum of
 $1,800,000,000 for the fiscal year ending September 30, 1993, the additional
 sum of $1,800,000,000 for the fiscal year ending September 30, 1994, the
 additional sum of $1,800,000,000 for the fiscal year ending September 30,
 1995, and the additional sum of $1,800,000,000 for the fiscal year ending
 September 30, 1996.'.
 (g) DECLARATION OF POLICY- The second paragraph of section 101(b) of such
 title is amended--
 (1) by striking `thirty-seven years' and inserting `forty years'; and
 (2) by striking `1993' and inserting `1996'.
 (h) TERMINATION OF MINIMUM APPORTIONMENT- Section 102(c) of the Surface
 Transportation and Uniform Relocation Assistance Act of 1987 (23 U.S.C. 104
 note) is amended by inserting after `1987,' the following: `and ending
 before October 1, 1991,'.
SEC. 1002. OBLIGATION CEILING.
 (a) GENERAL LIMITATION- Notwithstanding any other provision of law (other than
 subsection (f) of this section), the total of all obligations for Federal-aid
 highways and highway safety construction programs shall not exceed--
 (1) $16,800,000,000 for fiscal year 1992;
 (2) $18,303,000,000 for fiscal year 1993;
 (3) $18,362,000,000 for fiscal year 1994;
 (4) $18,332,000,000 for fiscal year 1995;
 (5) $18,357,000,000 for fiscal year 1996; and
 (6) $18,338,000,000 for fiscal year 1997.
 (b) EXCEPTIONS- The limitations under subsection (a) shall not apply to
 obligations--
 (1) under section 125 of title 23, United States Code;
 (2) under section 157 of such title;
 (3) under section 147 of the Surface Transportation Assistance Act of 1978;
 (4) under section 9 of the Federal-Aid Highway Act of 1981;
 (5) under sections 131(b) and 131(j) of the Surface Transportation Assistance
 Act of 1982;
 (6) under section 404 of the Surface Transportation Assistance Act of
 1982; and
 (7) under sections 1103 through 1108 of this Act.
Such limitations shall also not apply to obligations of funds made available
by subsections (b) and (c) of section 149 of the Surface Transportation and
Uniform Relocation Assistance Act of 1987.
 (c) DISTRIBUTION OF OBLIGATION AUTHORITY-
 (1) GENERAL RULE- For each of fiscal years 1992, 1993, 1994, 1995, 1996,
 and 1997, the Secretary shall distribute the limitation imposed by subsection
 (a) by allocation in the ratio which sums authorized to be appropriated for
 Federal-aid highways and highway safety construction which are apportioned
 or allocated to each State for such fiscal year bears to the total of the
 sums authorized to be appropriated for Federal-aid highways and highway
 safety construction which are apportioned or allocated to all the States
 for such fiscal year.
 (2) SPECIAL RULE FOR MASSACHUSETTS- For purposes of this section, funds
 apportioned to the State of Massachusetts pursuant to the next to the last
 sentence of section 104(b)(5)(A) of title 23, United States Code, shall be
 treated as if such funds were allocated to such State under such title. If,
 before October 1 of each of fiscal years 1992, 1993, 1994, and 1995, the State
 of Massachusetts indicates it will not obligate a portion of the amount which
 would be distributed to such State under the preceding sentence, the Secretary
 shall distribute such portion to the other States under paragraph (1).
 (d) LIMITATION ON OBLIGATION AUTHORITY- During the period October 1 through
 December 31 of each of fiscal years 1992, 1993, 1994, 1995, 1996, and 1997,
 no State shall obligate more than 35 percent of the amount distributed to
 such State under subsection (c) for such fiscal year, and the total of all
 State obligations during such period shall not exceed 25 percent of the total
 amount distributed to all States under such subsection for such fiscal year.
 (e) REDISTRIBUTION OF UNUSED OBLIGATION AUTHORITY- Notwithstanding subsections
 (c) and (d), the Secretary shall--
 (1) provide all States with authority sufficient to prevent lapses of sums
 authorized to be appropriated for Federal-aid highways and highway safety
 construction which have been apportioned or allocated to a State, except
 in those instances in which a State indicates its intention to lapse sums
 apportioned under section 104(b)(5)(A) of title 23, United States Code;
 (2) after August 1 of each of fiscal years 1992, 1993, 1994, 1995, 1996,
 and 1997, revise a distribution of the funds made available under subsection
 (c) for such fiscal year if a State will not obligate the amount distributed
 during such fiscal year and redistribute sufficient amounts to those States
 able to obligate amounts in addition to those previously distributed during
 such fiscal year giving priority to those States having large unobligated
 balances of funds apportioned under sections 104 and 144 of title 23,
 United States Code; and
 (3) not distribute amounts authorized for administrative expenses, Federal
 lands highways programs, and the national high speed ground transportation
 programs and amounts made available under section 149(d) of the Surface
 Transportation and Uniform Relocation Assistance Act of 1987.
 (f) ADDITIONAL OBLIGATION AUTHORITY-
 (1) IN GENERAL- Subject to paragraph (2), a State which after August 1
 and on or before September 30 of fiscal year 1993, 1994, 1995, 1996, or
 1997 obligates the amount distributed to such State in such fiscal year
 under subsections (c) and (e) may obligate for Federal-aid highways and
 highway safety construction on or before September 30 of such fiscal year
 an additional amount not to exceed 5 percent of the aggregate amount of
 funds apportioned or allocated to such State--
 (A) under sections 104 and 144 of title 23, United States Code, and
 (B) for highway assistance projects under section 103(e)(4) of such title,
which are not obligated on the date such State completes obligation of the
amount so distributed.
 (2) LIMITATION ON ADDITIONAL OBLIGATION AUTHORITY- During the period August
 2 through September 30 of each of fiscal years 1993, 1994, 1995, 1996, and
 1997, the aggregate amount which may be obligated by all States pursuant
 to paragraph (1) shall not exceed 2.5 percent of the aggregate amount of
 funds apportioned or allocated to all States--
 (A) under sections 104 and 144 of title 23, United States Code, and
 (B) for highway assistance projects under section 103(e)(4) of such title,
which would not be obligated in such fiscal year if the total amount of
obligational authority provided by subsection (a) for such fiscal year
were utilized.
 (3) LIMITATION ON APPLICABILITY- Paragraph (1) shall not apply to any State
 which on or after August 1 of fiscal year 1993, 1994, 1995, 1996, or 1997,
 as the case may be, has the amount distributed to such State under subsection
 (c) for such fiscal year reduced under subsection (e)(2).
 (g) OBLIGATION CEILING FOR HIGHWAY SAFETY PROGRAMS- Notwithstanding any other
 provision of law, the total of all obligations for highway safety programs
 carried out by the Federal Highway Administration under section 402 of title
 23, United States Code, shall not exceed $10,000,000 for fiscal year 1992
 and $20,000,000 for each of fiscal years 1993, 1994, 1995, 1996, and 1997.
 (h) CONFORMING AMENDMENT- Section 157(b) of title 23, United States Code, is
 amended by striking the period at the end of the last sentence and inserting
 `and section 1002(c) of the Intermodal Surface Transportation Efficiency
 Act of 1991.'.
SEC. 1003. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.
 (a) FROM THE HIGHWAY TRUST FUND- For the purpose of carrying out
 the provisions of title 23, United States Code, the following sums are
 authorized to be appropriated out of the Highway Trust Fund (other than
 the Mass Transit Account):
 (1) INTERSTATE MAINTENANCE PROGRAM- For the Interstate maintenance program
 $2,431,000,000 for fiscal year 1992, $2,913,000,000 for fiscal year 1993,
 $2,914,000,000 for fiscal year 1994, $2,914,000,000 for fiscal year 1995,
 $2,914,000,000 for fiscal year 1996, and $2,914,000,000 for fiscal year 1997.
 (2) NATIONAL HIGHWAY SYSTEM- For the National Highway System $3,003,000,000
 for fiscal year 1992, $3,599,000,000 for fiscal year 1993, $3,599,000,000
 for fiscal year 1994, $3,599,000,000 for fiscal year 1995, $3,600,000,000
 for fiscal year 1996, and $3,600,000,000 for fiscal year 1997.
 (3) SURFACE TRANSPORTATION PROGRAM- For the surface transportation program
 $3,418,000,000 for fiscal year 1992, $4,096,000,000 for fiscal year 1993,
 $4,096,000,000 for fiscal year 1994, $4,096,000,000 for fiscal year 1995,
 $4,097,000,000 for fiscal year 1996, and $4,097,000,000 for fiscal year 1997.
 (4) CONGESTION MITIGATION AND AIR QUALITY IMPROVEMENT PROGRAM- For the
 congestion mitigation and air quality improvement program $858,000,000 for
 fiscal year 1992, $1,028,000,000 for fiscal year 1993, $1,028,000,000 for
 fiscal year 1994, $1,028,000,000 for fiscal year 1995, $1,029,000,000 for
 fiscal year 1996, and $1,029,000,000 for fiscal year 1997.
 (5) BRIDGE PROGRAM- For the bridge program $2,288,000,000 for fiscal year
 1992, $2,762,000,000 for fiscal year 1993, $2,762,000,000 for fiscal year
 1994, $2,762,000,000 for fiscal year 1995, $2,763,000,000 for fiscal year
 1996, and $2,763,000,000 for fiscal year 1997.
 (6) FEDERAL LANDS HIGHWAY PROGRAM-
 (A) INDIAN RESERVATION ROADS- For Indian reservation roads $159,000,000
 for fiscal year 1992 and $191,000,000 for each of fiscal years 1993, 1994,
 1995, 1996, and 1997.
 (B) PUBLIC LANDS HIGHWAYS- For public lands highways $143,000,000 for fiscal
 year 1992, $171,000,000 for each of fiscal years 1993, 1994, and 1995,
 and $172,000,000 for each of fiscal years 1996 and 1997.
 (C) PARKWAYS AND PARK HIGHWAYS- For parkways and park highways $69,000,000
 for fiscal year 1992, $83,000,000 for each of fiscal years 1993, 1994,
 and 1995, and $84,000,000 for each of fiscal years 1996 and 1997.
 (7) FHWA HIGHWAY SAFETY PROGRAMS- For carrying out section 402 by the Federal
 Highway Administration $17,000,000 for fiscal year 1992 and $20,000,000
 for each of fiscal years 1993, 1994, 1995, 1996, and 1997.
 (8) FHWA HIGHWAY SAFETY RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT- For carrying out section
 403 by the Federal Highway Administration $10,000,000 for each of fiscal
 years 1992, 1993, 1994, 1995, 1996, and 1997.
 (b) DISADVANTAGED BUSINESS ENTERPRISES-
 (1) GENERAL RULE- Except to the extent that the Secretary determines
 otherwise, not less than 10 percent of the amounts authorized to be
 appropriated under titles I (other than part B), III, V, and VI of this
 Act shall be expended with small business concerns owned and controlled by
 socially and economically disadvantaged individuals.
 (2) DEFINITIONS- For purposes of this subsection, the following definitions
 apply:
 (A) SMALL BUSINESS CONCERN- The term `small business concern' has the meaning
 such term has under section 3 of the Small Business Act (15 U.S.C. 632);
 except that such term shall not include any concern or group of concerns
 controlled by the same socially and economically disadvantaged individual
 or individuals which has average annual gross receipts over the preceding
 3 fiscal years in excess of $15,370,000, as adjusted by the Secretary
 for inflation.
 (B) SOCIALLY AND ECONOMICALLY DISADVANTAGED INDIVIDUALS- The term `socially
 and economically disadvantaged individuals' has the meaning such term has
 under section 8(d) of the Small Business Act (15 U.S.C. 637(d)) and relevant
 subcontracting regulations promulgated pursuant thereto; except that women
 shall be presumed to be socially and economically disadvantaged individuals
 for purposes of this subsection.
 (3) ANNUAL LISTING OF DISADVANTAGED BUSINESS ENTERPRISES- Each State shall
 annually survey and compile a list of the small business concerns referred to
 in paragraph (1) and the location of such concerns in the State and notify
 the Secretary, in writing, of the percentage of such concerns which are
 controlled by women, by socially and economically disadvantaged individuals
 (other than women), and by individuals who are women and are also otherwise
 socially and economically disadvantaged individuals.
 (4) UNIFORM CERTIFICATION- The Secretary shall establish minimum uniform
 criteria for State governments to use in certifying whether a concern
 qualifies for purposes of this subsection. Such minimum uniform criteria
 shall include but not be limited to on-site visits, personal interviews,
 licenses, analysis of stock ownership, listing of equipment, analysis of
 bonding capacity, listing of work completed, resume of principal owners,
 financial capacity, and type of work preferred.
 (5) STUDY-
 (A) IN GENERAL- The Comptroller General shall conduct a study of
 the disadvantaged business enterprise program of the Federal Highway
 Administration (hereinafter in this paragraph referred to as the `program').
 (B) CONTENTS- The study under this paragraph shall include the following:
 (i) GRADUATION- A determination of--
 (I) the percentage of disadvantaged business enterprises which have enrolled
 in the program and graduated after a period of 3 years;
 (II) the number of disadvantaged business enterprises which have enrolled
 in the program and not graduated after a period of 3 years;
 (III) whether or not the graduation date of any of the disadvantaged business
 enterprises described in subclause (II) should have been accelerated;
 (IV) since the program has no graduation time requirements, how many years
 would appear reasonable for disadvantaged business enterprises to participate
 in the program;
 (V) the length of time the average small nondisadvantaged business enterprise
 takes to be successful in the highway construction field as compared to
 the average disadvantaged business enterprise; and
 (VI) to what degree are disadvantaged business enterprises awarded contracts
 once they are no longer participating in the disadvantaged business program.
 (ii) OUT-OF-STATE CONTRACTING- A determination of which State transportation
 programs meet the requirement of the program for 10 percent participation by
 disadvantaged business enterprises by contracting with contractors located
 in another State and a determination to what degree prime contractors use
 out-of-State disadvantaged business enterprises even when disadvantaged
 business enterprises exist within the State to meet the 10 percent
 participation goal and reasons why this occurs.
 (iii) PROGRAM ADJUSTMENTS- A determination of whether or not adjustments in
 the program could be made with respect to Federal and State participation
 in training programs and with respect to meeting capital needs and bonding
 requirements.
 (iv) SUCCESS RATE- Recommendations concerning whether or not adjustments
 described in clause (iii) would continue to encourage minority participation
 in the program and improve the success rate of the disadvantaged business
 enterprises.
 (v) PERFORMANCE AND FINANCIAL CAPABILITIES- Recommendations for additions
 and revisions to criteria used to determine the performance and financial
 capabilities of disadvantaged business enterprises enrolled in the program.
 (vi) ENFORCEMENT MECHANISMS- A determination of whether the current
 enforcement mechanisms are sufficient to ensure compliance with the
 disadvantaged business enterprise participation requirements.
 (vii) ADDITIONAL COSTS- A determination of additional costs incurred by the
 Federal Highway Administration in meeting the requirement of the program
 for 10 percent participation by disadvantaged business enterprises as well
 as a determination of benefits of the program.
 (viii) EFFECT ON INDUSTRY- A determination of how the program is being
 implemented by the construction industry and the effects of the program on
 all segments of the industry.
 (ix) CERTIFICATION- An analysis of the certification process for Federal-aid
 highway and transit programs, including a determination as to whether the
 process should be uniform and permit State-to-State reciprocity and how
 certification criteria and procedures are being implemented by the States.
 (x) GOALS- A determination of how the Federal goal is being implemented
 by the States, including the waiver process, and the impact of the goal on
 those individuals presumed to be socially and economically disadvantaged.
 (C) REPORT- Not later than 12 months after the date of the enactment
 of this Act, the Comptroller General shall transmit to the Committee on
 Environment and Public Works of the Senate and the Committee on Public
 Works and Transportation of the House of Representatives a report on the
 results of the study conducted under this paragraph.
 (c) REDUCTION IN AUTHORIZATIONS FOR BUDGET COMPLIANCE- If the total
 amount authorized by this Act out of the Highway Trust Fund (other than
 the Mass Transit Account) exceeds $17,042,000,000 for fiscal year 1992,
 or exceeds $98,642,000,000 for fiscal years 1992 through 1996, then each
 amount so authorized shall be reduced proportionately so that the total
 equals $17,042,000,000 for fiscal year 1992, or equals $98,642,000,000 for
 fiscal years 1992 through 1996, as the case may be.
SEC. 1004. BUDGET COMPLIANCE.
 (a) IN GENERAL- If obligations provided for programs pursuant to this Act
 for fiscal year 1992 will cause--
 (1) the total outlays in any of the fiscal years 1992 through 1995 which
 result from this Act, to exceed
 (2) the total outlays for such programs in any such fiscal year which
 result from appropriation Acts for fiscal year 1992 and are attributable
 to obligations for fiscal year 1992,
then the Secretary of Transportation shall reduce proportionately the
obligations provided for each program pursuant to this Act for fiscal year
1992 to the extent required to avoid such excess outlays.
 (b) COORDINATION WITH OTHER PROVISIONS- The provisions of this section
 shall apply, notwithstanding any provision of this Act to the contrary.
SEC. 1005. DEFINITIONS.
 (a) HIGHWAY SAFETY IMPROVEMENT PROJECT- The undesignated paragraph of section
 101(a) of title 23, United States Code, relating to highway safety improvement
 project is amended by inserting after `marking,' the following: `installs
 priority control systems for emergency vehicles at signalized intersections,'.
 (b) URBANIZED AREA- Such section is amended by striking the undesignated
 paragraph relating to urbanized area and inserting the following new
 undesignated paragraph:
 `The term `urbanized area' means an area with a population of 50,000 or
 more designated by the Bureau of the Census, within boundaries to be fixed
 by responsible State and local officials in cooperation with each other,
 subject to approval by the Secretary. Boundaries shall, at a minimum,
 encompass the entire urbanized area within a State as designated by the
 Bureau of the Census.'.
 (c) NATIONAL HIGHWAY SYSTEM- Such section is further amended by striking
 the undesignated paragraph relating to the Federal-aid primary system and
 inserting the following new undesignated paragraph:
 `The term `National Highway System' means the Federal-aid highway system
 described in subsection (b) of section 103 of this title.'.
 (d) CONFORMING AMENDMENTS- Such section is amended--
 (1) by striking the undesignated paragraph relating to the Federal-aid
 secondary system;
 (2) by striking the undesignated paragraph relating to the Federal-aid
 urban system;
 (3) in the undesignated paragraph relating to Indian reservation roads by
 striking `, including roads on the Federal-aid systems,'; and
 (4) in the undesignated paragraph relating to park road by inserting `,
 including a bridge built primarily for pedestrian use, but with capacity
 for use by emergency vehicles,' before `that is located within'.
 (e) INTERSTATE SYSTEM- The undesignated paragraph of such section relating
 to the Interstate System is amended by inserting `Dwight D. Eisenhower'
 before `National'.
 (f) OPERATIONAL IMPROVEMENT- Such section is further amended by inserting
 after the undesignated paragraph relating to Interstate System the following
 new undesignated paragraph:
 `The term `operational improvement' means a capital improvement for
 installation of traffic surveillance and control equipment, computerized
 signal systems, motorist information systems, integrated traffic control
 systems, incident management programs, and transportation demand management
 facilities, strategies, and programs and such other capital improvements to
 public roads as the Secretary may designate, by regulation; except that such
 term does not include resurfacing, restoring, or rehabilitating improvements,
 construction of additional lanes, interchanges, and grade separations,
 and construction of a new facility on a new location.'.
 (g) STARTUP COSTS FOR TRAFFIC MANAGEMENT AND CONTROL; CARPOOL PROJECT;
 PUBLIC AUTHORITY; PUBLIC LANDS HIGHWAY; RECONSTRUCTION- Such section is
 further amended by inserting after the undesignated paragraph relating to
 Interstate System the following new undesignated paragraphs:
 `The term `startup costs for traffic management and control' means initial
 costs (including labor costs, administration costs, cost of utilities, and
 rent) for integrated traffic control systems, incident management programs,
 and traffic control centers.
 `The term `carpool project' means any project to encourage the use of
 carpools and vanpools, including but not limited to provision of carpooling
 opportunities to the elderly and handicapped, systems for locating potential
 riders and informing them of carpool opportunities, acquiring vehicles for
 carpool use, designating existing highway lanes as preferential carpool
 highway lanes, providing related traffic control devices, and designating
 existing facilities for use for preferential parking for carpools.
 `The term `public authority' means a Federal, State, county, town, or
 township, Indian tribe, municipal or other local government or instrumentality
 with authority to finance, build, operate, or maintain toll or toll-free
 facilities.
 `The term `public lands highway' means a forest road under the jurisdiction of
 and maintained by a public authority and open to public travel or any highway
 through unappropriated or unreserved public lands, nontaxable Indian lands,
 or other Federal reservations under the jurisdiction of and maintained by
 a public authority and open to public travel.'.
SEC. 1006. NATIONAL HIGHWAY SYSTEM.
 (a) ESTABLISHMENT- Section 103 of title 23, United States Code, is amended by
 striking subsections (a) and (b) and inserting the following new subsections:
 `(a) IN GENERAL- For purposes of this title, the  Federal-aid systems are
 the Interstate System and the National Highway System.
 `(b) NATIONAL HIGHWAY SYSTEM-
 `(1) PURPOSE- The purpose of the National Highway System is to provide an
 interconnected system of principal arterial routes which will serve major
 population centers, international border crossings, ports, airports, public
 transportation facilities, and other intermodal transportation facilities
 and other major travel destinations; meet national defense requirements;
 and serve interstate and interregional travel.
 `(2) COMPONENTS- The National Highway System shall consist of the following:
 `(A) Highways designated as part of the Interstate System under subsection
 (e) and section 139 of this title.
 `(B) Other urban and rural principal arterials and highways (including toll
 facilities) which provide motor vehicle access between such an arterial and
 a major port, airport, public transportation facility, or other intermodal
 transportation facility. The States, in cooperation with local and regional
 officials, shall propose to the Secretary arterials and highways for
 designation to the National Highway System under this paragraph. In urbanized
 areas, the local officials shall act through the metropolitan planning
 organizations designated for such areas under section 134 of this title. The
 routes on the National Highway System, as shown on the map submitted by the
 Secretary to the Committee on Public Works and Transportation of the House
 of Representatives and the Committee on Environment and Public Works of the
 Senate in 1991, illustrating the National Highway System, shall serve as the
 basis for the States in proposing arterials and highways for designation to
 such system. The Secretary may modify or revise such proposals and submit
 such modified or revised proposals to Congress for approval in accordance
 with paragraph (3).
 `(C) A strategic highway network which is a network of highways which are
 important to the United States strategic defense policy and which provide
 defense access, continuity, and emergency capabilities for the movement of
 personnel, materiels, and equipment in both peace time and war time. Such
 highways may include highways on and off the Interstate System and shall
 be designated by the Secretary in consultation with appropriate Federal
 agencies and the States and be subject to approval by Congress in accordance
 with paragraph (3).
 `(D) Major strategic highway network connectors which are highways that
 provide motor vehicle access between major military installations and
 highways which are part of the strategic highway network. Such highways shall
 be designated by the Secretary in consultation with appropriate Federal
 agencies and the States and subject to approval by Congress in accordance
 with paragraph (3).
 `(3) APPROVAL OF DESIGNATIONS-
 `(A) PROPOSED DESIGNATIONS- Not later than 2 years after the date of the
 enactment of this section, the Secretary shall submit for approval to the
 Committee on Environment and Public Works of the Senate and the Committee on
 Public Works and Transportation of the House of Representatives a proposed
 National Highway System with a list and description of highways proposed to
 be designated to the National Highway System under this subsection and a
 map showing such proposed designations. In preparing the proposed system,
 the Secretary shall consult appropriate local officials and shall use
 the functional reclassification of roads and streets carried out under
 subsection (c) of section 1006 of the Intermodal Surface Transportation
 Efficiency Act of 1991.
 `(B) APPROVAL OF CONGRESS REQUIRED- After September 30, 1995, no funds made
 available for carrying out this title may be apportioned for the National
 Highway System or the Interstate maintenance program under this title unless
 a law has been approved designating the National Highway System.
 `(C) MAXIMUM MILEAGE- For purposes of proposing highways for designation
 to the National Highway System, the mileage of highways on the National
 Highway System shall not exceed 155,000 miles; except that the Secretary
 may increase or decrease such maximum mileage by not to exceed 15 percent.
 `(D) EQUITABLE ALLOCATIONS OF HIGHWAY MILEAGE- In proposing highways for
 designation to the National Highway System, the Secretary shall provide
 for equitable allocation of highway mileage among the States.
 `(4) INTERIM SYSTEM- For fiscal years 1992, 1993, 1994, and 1995, highways
 classified as principal arterials by the States shall be treated as being
 on the National Highway System for purposes of this title.'.
 (b) CONFORMING AMENDMENTS TO SECTION 103-
 (1) REPEAL OF FEDERAL-AID SECONDARY AND URBAN SYSTEMS- Subsections (c) and
 (d) of such section are repealed.
 (2) APPROVAL- Subsection (f) of such section is amended--
 (A) by striking `the Federal-aid primary system, the Federal-aid secondary
 system, the Federal-aid urban system, and'; and
 (B) by striking the last sentence.
 (c) FUNCTIONAL RECLASSIFICATION OF HIGHWAYS-
 (1) STATE ACTION- Each State shall functionally reclassify the roads and
 streets in such State in accordance with such guidelines and time schedule
 as the Secretary may establish in order to carry out the objectives of this
 section, including the amendments made by this section.
 (2) APPROVAL AND SUBMISSION TO CONGRESS- Not later than September 30, 1993,
 the Secretary shall approve the functional reclassification of roads and
 streets made by the States pursuant to this subsection and shall submit a
 report to Congress containing such reclassification.
 (3) STATE DEFINED- In this subsection, the term `State' has the meaning
 such term has under section 101 of title 23, United States Code, and shall
 include the Virgin Islands, American Samoa, Guam, and the Commonwealth of
 the Northern Marianas.
 (d) PROJECT ELIGIBILITY- Section 103 of title 23, United States Code,
 is amended by adding at the end the following new subsection:
 `(i) ELIGIBLE PROJECTS FOR NHS- Subject to project approval by the Secretary,
 funds apportioned to a State under section 104(b)(1) for the National
 Highway System may be obligated for any of the following:
 `(1) Construction, reconstruction, resurfacing, restoration, and
 rehabilitation of segments of such system.
 `(2) Operational improvements for segments of such system.
 `(3) Construction of, and operational improvements for, a Federal-aid
 highway not on the National Highway System and construction of a transit
 project eligible for assistance under the Federal Transit Act--
 `(A) if such highway or transit project is in the same corridor as, and in
 proximity to, a fully access controlled highway designated to the National
 Highway System;
 `(B) if the construction or improvements will improve the level of service
 on the fully access controlled highway and improve regional travel; and
 `(C) if the construction or improvements are more cost effective than
 an improvement to the fully access controlled highway that has benefits
 comparable to the benefits which will be achieved by the construction of,
 or improvements to, the highway not on the National Highway System.
 `(4) Highway safety improvements for segments of the National Highway System.
 `(5) Transportation planning in accordance with sections 134 and 135.
 `(6) Highway research and planning in accordance with section 307.
 `(7) Highway-related technology transfer activities.
 `(8) Startup costs for traffic management and control if such costs are
 limited to the time period necessary to achieve operable status but not to
 exceed 2 years following the date of project approval, if such funds are
 not used to replace existing funds.
 `(9) Fringe and corridor parking facilities.
 `(10) Carpool and vanpool projects.
 `(11) Bicycle transportation and pedestrian walkways in accordance with
 section 217.
 `(12) Development and establishment of management systems under section 303.
 `(13) In accordance with all applicable Federal law and regulations,
 participation in wetlands mitigation efforts related to projects funded
 under this title, which may include participation in wetlands mitigation
 banks; contributions to statewide and regional efforts to conserve,
 restore, enhance and create wetlands; and development of statewide and
 regional wetlands conservation and mitigation plans, including any such
 banks, efforts, and plans authorized pursuant to the Water Resources
 Development Act of 1990 (including crediting provisions). Contributions
 to such mitigation efforts may take place concurrent with or in advance
 of project construction. Contributions toward these efforts may occur
 in advance of project construction only if such efforts are consistent
 with all applicable requirements of Federal law and regulations and State
 transportation planning processes.'.
 (e) APPORTIONMENTS- Section 104(b)(1) of such title is amended to read
 as follows:
 `(1) NATIONAL HIGHWAY SYSTEM- For the National Highway System 1 percent to
 the Virgin Islands, Guam, American Samoa, and the Commonwealth of Northern
 Mariana Islands and the remaining 99 percent apportioned in the same ratio
 as funds are apportioned under paragraph (3).'.
 (f) TRANSFERABILITY- Section 104 of such title is amended by striking
 subsection (c) and inserting the following new subsection:
 `(c) TRANSFERABILITY OF NHS APPORTIONMENTS- A State may transfer not to
 exceed 50 percent of the State's apportionment under subsection (b)(1) to the
 apportionment of the State under subsection (b)(3). A State may transfer not
 to exceed 100 percent of the State's apportionment under subsection (b)(1)
 to the apportionment of the State under subsection (b)(3) if the State
 requests to make such transfer and the Secretary approves such transfer
 as being in the public interest, after providing notice and sufficient
 opportunity for public comment. Section 133(d) shall not apply to funds
 transferred under this subsection.'.
 (g) CONFORMING AMENDMENTS TO OTHER SECTIONS-
 (1) DEFINITIONS- Section 101(a) of title 23, United States Code, is amended
 by striking the paragraph relating to Federal-aid highways and inserting
 the following new paragraph:
 `The term `Federal-aid highways' means highways eligible for assistance
 under this chapter other than highways classified as local roads or rural
 minor collectors.'.
 (2) PREVAILING RATE OF WAGE- Section 113(a) of such title is amended by
 striking `systems, the primary and secondary, as well as their extension
 in urban areas, and the Interstate System,' and inserting `highways'.
 (h) NATIONAL DEFENSE HIGHWAYS LOCATED OUTSIDE UNITED STATES-
 (1) RECONSTRUCTION PROJECTS- If the Secretary determines, after consultation
 with the Secretary of Defense, that a highway, or portion of a highway,
 located outside the United States is important to the national defense,
 the Secretary may carry out a project for the reconstruction of such highway
 or portion of highway.
 (2) FUNDING- The Secretary may make available, from funds appropriated
 to construct the National System of Interstate and Defense Highways,
 not to exceed $20,000,000 per fiscal year for each of fiscal years 1993,
 1994, 1995, and 1996 to carry out this subsection. Such sums shall remain
 available until expended.
SEC. 1007. SURFACE TRANSPORTATION PROGRAM.
 (a) ESTABLISHMENT OF PROGRAM-
 (1) IN GENERAL- Chapter 1 of title 23, United States Code, is amended by
 inserting after section 132 the following new section:
`Sec. 133. Surface transportation program
 `(a) ESTABLISHMENT- The Secretary shall establish a surface transportation
 program in accordance with this section.
 `(b) ELIGIBLE PROJECTS- A State may obligate funds apportioned to it
 under section 104(b)(3) for the surface transportation program only for
 the following:
 `(1) Construction, reconstruction, rehabilitation, resurfacing, restoration,
 and operational improvements for highways (including Interstate highways) and
 bridges (including bridges on public roads of all functional classifications),
 including any such construction or reconstruction necessary to accommodate
 other transportation modes, and including the seismic retrofit and painting
 of and application of calcium magnesium acetate on bridges and approaches
 thereto and other elevated structures, mitigation of damage to wildlife,
 habitat, and ecosystems caused by a transportation project funded under
 this title.
 `(2) Capital costs for transit projects eligible for assistance under the
 Federal Transit Act and publicly owned intracity or intercity bus terminals
 and facilities.
 `(3) Carpool projects, fringe and corridor parking facilities and programs,
 and bicycle transportation and pedestrian walkways in accordance with
 section 217.
 `(4) Highway and transit safety improvements and programs, hazard
 eliminations, projects to mitigate hazards caused by wildlife, and
 railway-highway grade crossings.
 `(5) Highway and transit research and development and technology transfer
 programs.
 `(6) Capital and operating costs for traffic monitoring, management, and
 control facilities and programs.
 `(7) Surface transportation planning programs.
 `(8) Transportation enhancement activities.
 `(9) Transportation control measures listed in section 108(f)(1)(A) (other
 than clauses (xii) and (xvi)) of the Clean Air Act.
 `(10) Development and establishment of management systems under section 303.
 `(11) In accordance with all applicable Federal law and regulations,
 participation in wetlands mitigation efforts related to projects funded
 under this title, which may include participation in wetlands mitigation
 banks; contributions to statewide and regional efforts to conserve,
 restore, enhance and create wetlands; and development of statewide and
 regional wetlands conservation and mitigation plans, including any such
 banks, efforts, and plans authorized pursuant to the Water Resources
 Development Act of 1990 (including crediting provisions). Contributions
 to such mitigation efforts may take place concurrent with or in advance
 of project construction. Contributions toward these efforts may occur
 in advance of project construction only if such efforts are consistent
 with all applicable requirements of Federal law and regulations and State
 transportation planning processes.
 `(c) LOCATION OF PROJECTS- Except as provided in subsection (b)(1), surface
 transportation program projects (other than those described in subsections
 (b) (3) and (4)) may not be undertaken on roads functionally classified
 as local or rural minor collectors, unless such roads are on a Federal-aid
 highway system on January 1, 1991, and except as approved by the Secretary.
 `(d) ALLOCATIONS OF APPORTIONED FUNDS-
 `(1) FOR SAFETY PROGRAMS- 10 percent of the funds apportioned to a State
 under section 104(b)(3) for the surface transportation program for a fiscal
 year shall only be available for carrying out sections 130 and 152 of this
 title. Of the funds set aside under the preceding sentence, the State shall
 reserve in such fiscal year an amount of such funds for carrying out each
 such section which is not less than the amount of funds apportioned to the
 State in fiscal year 1991 under such section.
 `(2) FOR TRANSPORTATION ENHANCEMENT ACTIVITIES- 10 percent of the funds
 apportioned to a State under section 104(b)(3) for a fiscal year shall only
 be available for transportation enhancement activities.
 `(3) DIVISION BETWEEN URBANIZED AREAS OF OVER 200,000 POPULATION AND
 OTHER AREAS-
 `(A) GENERAL RULE- Except as provided in subparagraphs (C) and (D), 62.5
 percent of the remaining 80 percent of the funds apportioned to a State under
 section 104(b)(3) for a fiscal year shall be obligated under this section--
 `(i) in urbanized areas of the State with an urbanized area population of
 over 200,000, and
 `(ii) in other areas of the State,
in proportion to their relative share of the State's population. The remaining
37.5 percent may be obligated in any area of the State. Funds attributed to
an urbanized area under clause (i) may be obligated in the metropolitan area
established under section 134 which encompasses the urbanized area.
 `(B) SPECIAL RULE FOR AREAS OF LESS THAN 5,000 POPULATION- Of the amounts
 required tobe obligated under subparagraph (A)(ii), the State shall obligate
 in areas of the State (other than urban areas with a population greater
 than 5,000) an amount which is not less than 110 percent of the amount of
 funds apportioned to the State for the Federal-aid secondary system for
 fiscal year 1991.
 `(C) SPECIAL RULE FOR CERTAIN STATES- In the case of a State in which--
 `(i) greater than 80 percent of the population of the State is located in
 1 or more metropolitan statistical areas, and
 `(ii) greater than 80 percent of the land area of such State is owned by
 the United States,
the 62.5 percentage specified in the first sentence of subparagraph (A)
shall be 35 percent and the percentage specified in the second sentence of
subparagraph (A) shall be 65 percent.
 `(D) NONCONTIGUOUS STATES EXEMPTION- Subparagraph (A) shall not apply to
 any State which is noncontiguous with the continental United States.
 `(E) DISTRIBUTION BETWEEN URBANIZED AREAS OF OVER 200,000 POPULATION- The
 amount of funds which a State is required to obligate under subparagraph
 (A)(i) shall be obligated in urbanized areas described in subparagraph
 (A)(i) based on the relative population of such areas; except that the
 State may obligate such funds based on other factors if the State and the
 relevant metropolitan planning organizations jointly apply to the Secretary
 for the permission to do so and the Secretary grants the request.
 `(4) APPLICABILITY OF PLANNING REQUIREMENTS- Programming and expenditure
 of funds for projects under this section shall be consistent with the
 requirements of sections 134 and 135 of this title.
 `(e) ADMINISTRATION-
 `(1) NONCOMPLIANCE- If the Secretary determines that a State or local
 government has failed to comply substantially with any provision of this
 section, the Secretary shall notify the State that, if the State fails to take
 corrective action within 60 days from the date of receipt of the notification,
 the Secretary will withhold future apportionments under section 104(b)(3)
 until the Secretary is satisfied that appropriate corrective action has
 been taken.
 `(2) CERTIFICATION- The Governor of each State shall certify before the
 beginning of each quarter of a fiscal year that the State will meet all
 the requirements of this section and shall notify the Secretary of the
 amount of obligations expected to be incurred for surface transportation
 program projects during such quarter. A State may request adjustment to
 the obligation amounts later in each of such quarters. Acceptance of the
 notification and certification shall be deemed a contractual obligation of
 the United States for the payment of the surface transportation program
 funds expected to be obligated by the State in such quarter for projects
 not subject to review by the Secretary under this chapter.
 `(3) PAYMENTS- The Secretary shall make payments to a State of costs incurred
 by the State for the surface transportation program in accordance with
 procedures to be established by the Secretary. Payments shall not exceed the
 Federal share of costs incurred as of the date the State requests payments.
 `(4) POPULATION DETERMINATIONS- The Secretary shall use estimates prepared
 by the Secretary of Commerce when determining population figures for purposes
 of this section.
 `(f) ALLOCATION OF OBLIGATION AUTHORITY- A State which is required to
 obligate in an urbanized area with an urbanized area population of over
 200,000 under subsection (d) funds apportioned to it under section 104(b)(3)
 shall allocate during the 6-fiscal year period  1992 through 1997 an amount
 of obligation authority distributed to the State for Federal-aid highways and
 highway safety construction for use in such area determined by multiplying--
 `(1) the aggregate amount of funds which the State is required to obligate
 in such area under subsection (d) during such period; by
 `(2) the ratio of the aggregate amount of obligation authority distributed to
 the State for Federal-aid highways and highway safety construction during
 such period to the total sums apportioned to the State for Federal-aid
 highways and highway safety construction (excluding sums not subject to an
 obligation limitation) during such period.'.
 (2) CONFORMING AMENDMENT- The analysis for chapter 1 of such title is
 amended by inserting after the item relating to section 132 the following:
`133. Surface transportation program.'.
 (b) APPORTIONMENT OF SURFACE TRANSPORTATION PROGRAM FUNDS-
 (1) IN GENERAL- Section 104(b)(3) of title 23, United States Code, is
 amended to read as follows:
 `(3) SURFACE TRANSPORTATION PROGRAM-
 `(A) GENERAL RULE- For the surface transportation program in a manner so that
 a State's current percentage share of apportionments is equal to the State's
 1987-1991 percentage share of apportionments. For purposes of this paragraph--
 `(i) a State's current percentage share of apportionments is the State's
 percentage share of all funds apportioned for a fiscal year under paragraph
 (1) for the National Highway System, under section 144 for the bridge
 program, under paragraph (5)(B) for Interstate maintenance, and under this
 paragraph; and
 `(ii) a State's 1987-1991 percentage share of apportionments is the State's
 percentage share of all apportionments and allocations under this title
 for fiscal years 1987, 1988, 1989, 1990, and 1991 (except apportionments
 and allocations for Interstate construction under sections 104(b)(5)(A)
 and 118, Interstate highway substitute under section 103(e)(4), Federal
 lands highways under section 202, and emergency relief under section 125,
 all allocations under section 149 of the Surface Transportation and Uniform
 Relocation Assistance Act of 1987, and the portion of allocations under
 section 157 (relating to minimum allocation) that would be attributable to
 apportionments made under Interstate construction and Interstate highway
 substitute programs under sections 104(b)(5)(A) and 103(e)(4), respectively,
 for such fiscal years if the minimum allocation percentage for such fiscal
 years had been 90 percent instead of 85 percent).
 `(B) CALCULATION RULES- In calculating a State's percentage share under this
 paragraph for the purpose of making apportionments for fiscal years 1992,
 1993, 1994, 1995, 1996, and 1997, each State shall be treated as having
 received  1/2  of 1 percent of all funds apportioned for the Interstate
 construction program under section 104(b)(5)(A) in fiscal years 1987,
 1988, 1989, 1990, and 1991. Notwithstanding any other provision of this
 paragraph, in any fiscal year no State shall receive a percentage of total
 apportionments and allocations that is less than 70 percent of its percentage
 of total apportionments and allocations for fiscal years 1987, 1988, 1989,
 1990, and 1991, except for those States that receive an apportionment for
 Interstate construction under paragraph (5)(A) of more than $50,000,000
 for fiscal year 1992.'.
 (2) CONFORMING AMENDMENTS- Section 104 of such title is further amended--
 (A) in subsections (a) and (b) by striking `upon the Federal-aid systems' and
 inserting `on the surface transportation program, the congestion mitigation
 and air quality improvement program, the National Highway System, and the
 Interstate System';
 (B) in subsection (b) by striking `paragraphs (4) and (5)' and inserting
 `paragraph (5)(A)'; and
 (C) in subsection (b) by striking `and sections 118(c) and 307(d)' and
 inserting `and section 307'.
 (c) TRANSPORTATION ENHANCEMENT ACTIVITIES DEFINED- Section 101(a) of title
 23, United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following
 new paragraph:
 `The term `transportation enhancement activities' means, with respect to
 any project or the area to be served by the project, provision of facilities
 for pedestrians and bicycles, acquisition of scenic easements and scenic or
 historic sites, scenic or historic highway programs, landscaping and other
 scenic beautification, historic preservation, rehabilitation and operation
 of historic transportation buildings, structures, or facilities (including
 historic railroad facilities and canals), preservation of abandoned railway
 corridors (including the conversion and use thereof for pedestrian or bicycle
 trails), control and removal of outdoor advertising, archaeological planning
 and research, and mitigation of water pollution due to highway runoff.'.
SEC. 1008. CONGESTION MITIGATION AND AIR QUALITY IMPROVEMENT PROGRAM.
 (a) ESTABLISHMENT OF PROGRAM- Section 149 of title 23, United States Code,
 is amended to read as follows:
-`Sec. 149. Congestion mitigation and air quality improvement program
 `(a) ESTABLISHMENT- The Secretary shall establish a congestion mitigation
 and air quality improvement program in accordance with this section.
 `(b) ELIGIBLE PROJECTS- Except as provided in subsection (c), a State may
 obligate funds apportioned to it under section 104(b)(2) for the congestion
 mitigation and air quality improvement program only for a transportation
 project or program--
 `(1)(A) if the Secretary, after consultation with the Administrator of the
 Environmental Protection Agency, determines, on the basis of information
 published by the Environmental Protection Agency pursuant to section
 108(f)(1)(A) of the Clean Air Act (other than clauses (xii) and (xvi) of
 such section), that the project or program is likely to contribute to the
 attainment of a national ambient air quality standard; or
 `(B) in any case in which such information is not available, if the Secretary,
 after such consultation, determines that the project or program is part of
 a program, method, or strategy described in such section;
 `(2) if the project or program is included in a State implementation plan
 that has been approved pursuant to the Clean Air Act and the project will
 have air quality benefits; or
 `(3) the Secretary, after consultation with the Administrator of the
 Environmental Protection Agency, determines that the project or program is
 likely to contribute to the attainment of a national ambient air quality
 standard, whether through reductions in vehicle miles traveled, fuel
 consumption, or through other factors.
No funds may be provided under this section for a project which will result
in the construction of new capacity available to single occupant vehicles
unless the project consists of a high occupancy vehicle facility available
to single occupant vehicles only at other than peak travel times.
 `(c) STATES WITHOUT A NONATTAINMENT AREA- If a State does not have a
 nonattainment area for ozone or carbon monoxide under the Clean Air Act
 located within its borders, the State may use funds apportioned to it under
 section 104(b)(2) for any project eligible for assistance under the surface
 transportation program.
 `(d) APPLICABILITY OF PLANNING REQUIREMENTS- Programming and expenditure
 of funds for projects under this section shall be consistent with the
 requirements of sections 134 and 135 of this title.'.
 (b) APPORTIONMENT- Section 104(b)(2) of such title is amended to read
 as follows:
 `(2) CONGESTION MITIGATION AND AIR QUALITY IMPROVEMENT PROGRAM- For the
 congestion mitigation and air quality improvement program, in the ratio
 which the weighted nonattainment area population of each State bears
 to the total weighted nonattainment area population of all States. The
 weighted nonattainment area population shall be calculated by multiplying
 the population of each area within any State that is a nonattainment area
 (as defined in the Clean Air Act) for ozone by a factor of--
 `(A) 1.0 if the area is classified as a marginal ozone nonattainment area
 under subpart 2 of part D of title I of the Clean Air Act;
 `(B) 1.1 if the area is classified as a moderate ozone nonattainment area
 under such subpart;
 `(C) 1.2 if the area is classified as a serious ozone nonattainment area
 under such subpart;
 `(D) 1.3 if the area is classified as a severe ozone nonattainment area
 under such subpart; or
 `(E) 1.4 if the area is classified as an extreme ozone nonattainment area
 under such subpart.
If the area is also classified under subpart 3 of part D of title I of such
Act as a nonattainment area for carbon monoxide, for purposes of calculating
the weighted nonattainment area population, the weighted nonattainment area
population of the area, as determined under the preceding provisions of this
paragraph, shall be further multiplied by a factor of 1.2. Notwithstanding
any provision of this paragraph, in the case of States with a total 1990
census population of 15,000,000 or greater, the amount apportioned under
this paragraph in a fiscal year to all of such States in the aggregate,
shall be distributed among such States based on their relative populations;
except that none of such States shall be distributed more than 42 percent of
the aggregate amount so apportioned to all of such States. Notwithstanding
any other provision of this paragraph, each State shall receive a minimum
apportionment of  1/2  of 1 percent of the funds apportioned under this
paragraph. The Secretary shall use estimates prepared by the Secretary of
Commerce when determining population figures.'.
 (c) CONFORMING AMENDMENT- The analysis for chapter 1 of such title is
 amended by striking
`149. Truck lanes.'
and inserting
 `149. Congestion mitigation and air quality improvement program.'.
SEC. 1009. INTERSTATE MAINTENANCE PROGRAM.
 (a) LIMITATION ON NEW CAPACITY- Section 119 of title 23, United States Code,
 is amended by adding at the end the following new subsection:
 `(g) LIMITATION ON NEW CAPACITY- Notwithstanding any  other provision of
 this title, the portion of the cost of any project undertaken pursuant to
 this section that is attributable to the expansion of the capacity of any
 Interstate highway or bridge, where such new capacity consists of one or
 more new travel lanes that are not high-occupancy vehicle lanes or auxiliary
 lanes, shall not be eligible for funding under this section.'.
 (b) ADEQUATE MAINTENANCE OF THE INTERSTATE SYSTEM- Section 119(f) of such
 title is amended by inserting after `Interstate System routes and' the
 following: `the State is adequately maintaining the Interstate System and'.
 (c) GUIDANCE TO THE STATES- The Secretary shall develop and make available
 to the States criteria for determining--
 (1) what share of any project funded under section 119 of title 23, United
 States Code, is attributable to the expansion of the capacity of an Interstate
 highway or bridge; and
 (2) what constitutes adequate maintenance of the Interstate System for the
 purposes of section 119(f)(1) of title 23, United States Code.
 (d) NONCHARGEABLE SEGMENTS- Section 104(b)(5)(B) of title 23, United
 States Code, is amended by inserting `and routes on the Interstate System
 designated under section 139(a) of this title before March 9, 1984,' after
 `under sections 103 and 139(c) of this title' each place it appears.
 (e) CONFORMING AMENDMENTS-
 (1) NEW HEADING- The heading for section 119 of such title is amended to
 read as follows:
`Sec. 119. Interstate maintenance program'.
 (2) ANALYSIS- The analysis for chapter 1 of such title is amended by striking
`119. Interstate System resurfacing.'
and inserting
`119. Interstate maintenance program.'.
 (3) ELIGIBLE ACTIVITIES- Section 119(c) of such title is amended to read
 as follows:
 `(c) ELIGIBLE ACTIVITIES- Activities authorized in subsection (a) may
 include the reconstruction of bridges, interchanges, and over crossings
 along existing Interstate routes, including the acquisition of right-of-way
 where necessary, but shall not include the construction of new travel lanes
 other than high occupancy vehicle lanes or auxiliary lanes.'.
 (4) PREVENTIVE MAINTENANCE- Section 119(e) of such title is amended to read
 as follows:
 `(e) PREVENTIVE MAINTENANCE- Preventive maintenance activities shall
 be eligible under this section when a State can demonstrate, through its
 pavement management system, that such activities are a cost-effective means
 of extending Interstate pavement life.'.
 (5) MISCELLANEOUS- Section 119 of such title is amended--
 (A) in subsection (a) by striking `, rehabilitating, and reconstructing'
 and inserting `and rehabilitating';
 (B) in subsection (a) by striking the last sentence;
 (C) in the heading for subsection (f) by striking `PRIMARY SYSTEM' and
 inserting `SURFACE TRANSPORTATION PROGRAM';
 (D) in subsection (f)(1) by striking `rehabilitating, or reconstructing'
 and inserting `or rehabilitating'; and
 (E) in subsection (f) by striking `section 104(b)(1)' each place it appears
 and inserting `sections 104(b)(1) and 104(b)(3)'.
SEC. 1010. OPERATION LIFESAVER; HIGH SPEED RAIL CORRIDORS.
 Section 104(d) of title 23, United States Code, is amended to read as follows:
 `(d) OPERATION LIFESAVER AND HIGH SPEED RAIL CORRIDORS-
 `(1) OPERATION LIFESAVER- The Secretary shall expend, from administrative
 funds deducted under subsection (a), $300,000 for each fiscal year for
 carrying out a public information and education program to help prevent
 and reduce motor vehicle accidents, injuries, and fatalities and to improve
 driver performance at railway-highway crossings.
 `(2) RAILWAY-HIGHWAY CROSSING HAZARD ELIMINATION IN HIGH SPEED RAIL
 CORRIDORS- (A) Before making an apportionment of funds under subsection
 (b)(3) for a fiscal year, the Secretary shall set aside $5,000,000 of the
 funds authorized to be appropriated for the surface transportation program
 for such fiscal year for elimination of hazards of railway-highway crossings
 in not to exceed 5 railway corridors selected by the Secretary in accordance
 with the criteria set forth in this paragraph.
 `(B) A corridor selected by the Secretary under subparagraph (A) must include
 rail lines where railroad speeds of 90 miles per hour are occurring or can
 reasonably be expected to occur in the future.
 `(3) In making the determination required by paragraph (2)(A), the Secretary
 shall consider projected rail ridership volumes in such corridors, the
 percentage of the corridor over which a train will be capable of operating
 at its maximum cruise speed taking into account such factors as topography
 and other traffic on the line, projected benefits to nonriders such as
 congestion relief on other modes of transportation serving the corridors
 (including congestion in heavily traveled air passenger corridors), the amount
 of State and local financial support that can reasonably be anticipated for
 the improvement of the line and related facilities, and the cooperation
 of the owner of the right-of-way that can reasonably be expected in the
 operation of high speed rail passenger service in such corridors.'.
SEC. 1011. SUBSTITUTE PROGRAM.
 (a) HIGHWAY PROJECTS-
 (1) AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS- Section 103(e)(4)(G) of title 23,
 United States Code, is amended--
 (A) by striking `and' the next to the last place it appears;
 (B) by inserting before the period at the end the following: `, $240,000,000
 per fiscal year for each of fiscal years 1992, 1993, 1994, and 1995'; and
 (C) by adding at the end the following: `Such sums may be obligated for
 transit substitute projects under this paragraph.'.
 (2) DISTRIBUTION- Section 103(e)(4)(H) of such title is amended--
 (A) by adding at the end of clause (i) the following new sentence: `For
 each of fiscal years 1992, 1993, 1994, and 1995, all funds made available
 by subparagraph (G) shall be apportioned in accordance with cost estimates
 adjusted by the Secretary.';
 (B) in clause (iii), by striking `1988, 1989, 1990, AND 1991 APPORTIONMENTS'
 and inserting `1988-1995 APPORTIONMENTS'; and
 (C) by striking `and 1991.' and inserting `1991, 1992, 1993, 1994, and 1995.'.
 (b) TRANSIT PROJECTS- Section 103(e)(4)(J) of such title is amended--
 (1) in clause (i) by inserting after `1983,' the following: `and ending
 before October 1, 1991';
 (2) by adding at the end of clause (i) the following new sentence: `100
 percent of funds appropriated for each of fiscal years 1992 and 1993 shall
 be apportioned in accordance with cost estimates adjusted by the Secretary.';
 (3) in clause (iii) by striking `1988, 1989, 1990, AND 1991 APPORTIONMENTS'
 and inserting `1988-1993 APPORTIONMENTS'; and
 (4) by striking `and 1991.' and inserting `1991, 1992, and 1993.'.
 (c) PERIOD OF AVAILABILITY- Section 103(e)(4)(E)(i) of such title is amended
 by adding at the end the following new sentence: `In the case of funds
 authorized to be appropriated for substitute transit projects under this
 paragraph for fiscal year 1993 and for substitute highway projects under
 this paragraph for fiscal year 1995, such funds shall remain available
 until expended.'.
SEC. 1012. TOLL ROADS, BRIDGES, AND TUNNELS.
 (a) NEW PROGRAM- Section 129(a) of title 23, United States Code, is amended
 to read as follows:
 `(a) BASIC PROGRAM-
 `(1) AUTHORIZATION FOR FEDERAL PARTICIPATION- Notwithstanding section 301
 of this title and subject to the provisions of this section, the Secretary
 shall permit Federal participation in--
 `(A) initial construction of a toll highway, bridge, or tunnel (other than
 a highway, bridge, or tunnel on the Interstate System) or approach thereto;
 `(B) reconstructing, resurfacing, restoring, and rehabilitating a toll
 highway, bridge, or tunnel (including a toll highway, bridge, or tunnel
 subject to an agreement entered into under this section or section 119(e)
 as in effect on the day before the date of the enactment of the Intermodal
 Surface Transportation Efficiency Act of 1991) or approach thereto;
 `(C) reconstruction or replacement of a toll-free bridge or tunnel and
 conversion of the bridge or tunnel to a toll facility;
 `(D) reconstruction of a toll-free Federal-aid highway (other than a
 highway on the Interstate System) and conversion of the highway to a toll
 facility; and
 `(E) preliminary studies to determine the feasibility of a toll facility
 for which Federal participation is authorized under subparagraph (A), (B),
 (C), or (D);
on the same basis and in the same manner as in the construction of free
highways under this chapter.
 `(2) OWNERSHIP- Each highway, bridge, tunnel, or approach thereto constructed
 under this subsection must--
 `(A) be publicly owned, or
 `(B) be privately owned if the public authority having jurisdiction over
 the highway, bridge, tunnel, or approach has entered into a contract with
 a private person or persons to design, finance, construct, and operate the
 facility and the public authority will be responsible for complying with
 all applicable requirements of this title with respect to the facility.
 `(3) LIMITATIONS ON USE OF REVENUES- Before the Secretary may permit Federal
 participation under this subsection in construction of a highway, bridge,
 or tunnel located in a State, the public authority (including the State
 transportation department) having jurisdiction over the highway, bridge, or
 tunnel must enter into an agreement with the Secretary which provides that all
 toll revenues received from operation of the toll facility will be used first
 for debt service, for reasonable return on investment of any private person
 financing the project, and for the costs necessary for the proper operation
 and maintenance of the toll facility, including reconstruction, resurfacing,
 restoration, and rehabilitation. If the State certifies annually that the
 tolled facility is being adequately maintained, the State may use any toll
 revenues in excess of amounts required under the preceding sentence for any
 purpose for which Federal funds may be obligated by a State under this title.
 `(4) SPECIAL RULE FOR FUNDING- In the case of a toll highway, bridge,
 or tunnel under the jurisdiction of a public authority of a State (other
 than the State transportation department), upon request of the State
 transportation department and subject to such terms and conditions as such
 department and public authority may agree, the Secretary shall reimburse
 such public authority for the Federal share of the costs of construction of
 the project carried out on the toll facility under this subsection in the
 same manner and to the same extent as such department would be reimbursed if
 such project was being carried out by such department. The reimbursement of
 funds under this paragraph shall be from sums apportioned to the State under
 this chapter and available for obligations on projects on the Federal-aid
 system in such State on which the project is being carried out.
 `(5) LIMITATION ON FEDERAL SHARE- Except as otherwise provided in this
 paragraph, the Federal share payable for construction of a highway, bridge,
 tunnel, or approach thereto or conversion of a highway, bridge, or tunnel
 to a toll facility under this subsection shall be such percentage as
 the State determines but not to exceed 50 percent. The Federal share
 payable for construction of a new bridge, tunnel, or approach thereto
 or for reconstruction or replacement of a bridge, tunnel, or approach
 thereto shall be such percentage as the Secretary determines but not to
 exceed 80 percent. In the case of a toll facility subject to an agreement
 under section 119 or 129, the Federal share payable on any project for
 resurfacing, restoring, rehabilitating, or reconstructing such facility
 shall be 80 percent until the scheduled expiration of such agreement (as
 in effect on the day before the date of the enactment of the Intermodal
 Surface Transportation Efficiency Act of 1991).
 `(6) MODIFICATIONS- If a public authority (including a State transportation
 department) having jurisdiction over a toll highway, bridge, or tunnel
 subject to an agreement under this section or section 119(e), as in
 effect on the day before the effective date of title I of the Intermodal
 Surface Transportation Efficiency Act of 1991, requests modification of such
 agreement, the Secretary shall modify such agreement to allow the continuation
 of tolls in accordance with paragraph (3) without repayment of Federal funds.
 `(7) LOANS- A State may loan all or part of the Federal share of a toll
 project under this section to a public or private agency constructing a
 toll facility. Such loan may be made only after all Federal environmental
 requirements have been complied with and permits obtained. The amount
 loaned shall be subordinated to other debt financing for the facility
 except for loans made by the State or any other public agency to the agency
 constructing the facility. Funds loaned pursuant to this section may be
 obligated for projects eligible under this section. The repayment of any
 such loan shall commence not more than 5 years after the facility has
 opened to traffic. Any such loan shall bear interest at the average rate
 the State's pooled investment fund earned in the 52 weeks preceding the
 start of repayment. The term of any such loan shall not exceed 30 years
 from the time the loan was obligated. Amounts repaid to a State from any
 loan made under this section may be obligated for any purpose for which
 the loaned funds were available. The Secretary shall establish procedures
 and guidelines for making such loans.
 `(8) INITIAL CONSTRUCTION DEFINED- For purposes of this subsection, the
 term `initial construction' means the construction of a highway, bridge,
 or tunnel at any time before it is open to traffic and does not include
 any improvement to a highway, bridge, or tunnel after it is open to traffic.'.
 (b) CONGESTION PRICING PILOT PROGRAM- (1) The Secretary shall solicit the
 participation of State and local governments and public authorities for
 one or more congestion pricing pilot projects. The Secretary may enter into
 cooperative agreements with as many as 5 such State or local governments or
 public authorities to establish, maintain, and monitor congestion pricing
 projects.
 (2) Notwithstanding section 129 of title 23, United States Code, the Federal
 share payable for such programs shall be 80 percent. The Secretary shall
 fund all of the development and other start up costs of such projects,
 including salaries and expenses, for a period of at least 1 year, and
 thereafter until such time that sufficient revenues are being generated
 by the program to fund its operating costs without Federal participation,
 except that the Secretary may not fund any project for more than 3 years.
 (3) Revenues generated by any pilot project under this subsection must be
 applied to projects eligible under such title.
 (4) Notwithstanding sections 129 and 301 of title 23, United States Code,
 the Secretary shall allow the use of tolls on the Interstate System as part of
 a pilot program under this section, but not on more than 3 of such programs.
 (5) The Secretary shall monitor the effect of such projects for a period of at
 least 10 years, and shall report to the Committee on Environment and Public
 Works of the Senate and the Committee on Public Works and Transportation of
 the House of Representatives every 2 years on the effects such programs are
 having on driver behavior, traffic, volume, transit ridership, air quality,
 and availability of funds for transportation programs.
 (6) Of the sums made available to the Secretary pursuant to section
 104(a) of title 23, United States Code, not to exceed $25,000,000 shall
 be made available each fiscal year to carry out the requirements of this
 subsection. Not more than $15,000,000 of such amounts shall be made available
 to carry out each pilot project under this section.
 (c) ELIMINATION OF PUBLIC OPERATION REQUIREMENT FOR TOLL FERRIES- Section
 129 of such title is amended--
 (1) by striking subsections (b), (c), (d), (e), (h), (i), and (k);
 (2) by redesignating subsections (f), (g), and (j) as subsections (b),
 (c), and (d), respectively;
 (3) in subsection (c) as so redesignated by inserting `and ferry terminal
 facilities' after `boats';
 (4) in subsection (c) as so redesignated by striking paragraph (3) and
 inserting the following:
 `(3) Such ferry boat or ferry terminal facility shall be publicly owned.'; and
 (5) in subsection (c)(4) as so redesignated--
 (A) by inserting `or other public entity' after `State'; and
 (B) by inserting before the period at the end the following: `, debt service,
 negotiated management fees, and, in the case of a privately operated toll
 ferry, for a reasonable rate of return'.
 (d) CONTINUATION OF EXISTING AGREEMENTS- Unless modified under section
 129(a)(6) of such title, as amended by subsection (a) of this section,
 agreements entered into under section 119(e) or 129 of such title before the
 effective date of this title and in effect on the day before such effective
 date shall continue in effect on and after such effective date in accordance
 with the provisions of such agreement and such section 119(e) or 129.
 (e) SPECIAL RULE FOR CERTAIN EXISTING TOLL FACILITY AGREEMENTS-
 Notwithstanding sections 119 and 129 of title 23, United States Code, at
 the request of the non-Federal parties to a toll facility agreement reached
 before October 1, 1991, regarding the New York State Thruway or the Fort
 McHenry Tunnel under section 105 of the Federal-Aid Highway Act of 1978 or
 section 129 of title 23, United States Code (as in effect on the day before
 the date of the enactment of this Act), the Secretary shall allow for the
 continuance of tolls without repayment of Federal funds. Revenues collected
 from such tolls, after the date of such request, in excess of revenues needed
 for debt service and the actual costs of operation and maintenance shall be
 available for (1) any transportation project eligible for assistance under
 title 23, United States Code, or (2) costs associated with transportation
 facilities under the jurisdiction of such non-Federal party, including debt
 service and costs related to the construction, reconstruction, restoration,
 repair, operation and maintenance of such facilities.
 (f) VOIDING OF CERTAIN AGREEMENTS FOR I-78 DELAWARE RIVER BRIDGE- Upon
 the joint request of the State of Pennsylvania, the State of New Jersey,
 and the Delaware River Joint Toll Bridge Commission, and upon such parties
 entering into a new agreement with the Secretary regarding the bridge on
 Interstate Route 78 which crosses the Delaware River in the vicinity of
 Easton, Pennsylvania, and Phillipsburg, New Jersey, the Secretary shall
 void any agreement entered into with such parties with respect to the bridge
 before the effective date of this subsection under section 129(a), 129(d),
 or 129(e) of title 23, United States Code. The new agreement referred to
 in the preceding sentence shall permit the continuation of tolls without
 repayment of Federal funds and shall provide that all toll revenues received
 from operation of the bridge will be used--
 (1) first for repayment of the non-Federal cost of construction of the bridge
 (including debt service);
 (2) second for the costs necessary for the proper operation and maintenance
 of the bridge, including resurfacing, restoration, and rehabilitation; and
 (3) to the extent that toll revenues exceed the amount necessary for
 paragraphs (1) and (2), such excess may be used with respect to any other
 bridge under the jurisdiction of the Delaware River Joint Toll Bridge
 Commission.
 (g) BRIDGE CONNECTING PENNSYLVANIA TURNPIKE SYSTEM AND NEW JERSEY TURNPIKE-
 Section 3 of the Act of October 26, 1951 (65 Stat. 653), is amended by
 striking `: Provided,' and all that follows before the period.
SEC. 1013. MINIMUM ALLOCATION.
 (a) GENERAL RULE- Section 157(a) of title 23, United States Code, is amended--
 (1) in paragraph (3) by striking `THEREAFTER' and inserting `Fiscal years
 1989-1991';
 (2) in paragraph (3) by striking `and each fiscal year thereafter,' and
 inserting `, 1990, and 1991'; and
 (3) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
 `(4) THEREAFTER- In fiscal year 1992 and each fiscal year thereafter on
 October 1, or as soon as possible thereafter, the Secretary shall allocate
 among the States amounts sufficient to ensure that a State's percentage of the
 total apportionments in each such fiscal year and allocations for the prior
 fiscal year for Interstate construction, Interstate maintenance, Interstate
 highway substitute, National Highway System, surface transportation program,
 bridge program, scenic byways, and grants for safety belts and motorcycle
 helmets shall not be less than 90 percent of the percentage of estimated tax
 payments attributable to highway users in the State paid into the Highway
 Trust Fund, other than the Mass Transit Account, in the latest fiscal year
 for which data are available.'.
 (b) CONFORMING AMENDMENTS- Section 157(b) of such title is amended--
 (1) by striking `primary, secondary,' and inserting `National Highway,
 surface transportation program,';
 (2) by striking `urban,' and inserting `congestion mitigation and air
 quality improvement program,';
 (3) by striking `replacement and rehabilitation'; and
 (4) by inserting after the first sentence the following: ` 1/2  of the
 amounts allocated pursuant to subsection (a) after September 30, 1991,
 shall be subject to section 133(d)(3) of this title.'.
 (c) DONOR STATE BONUS AMOUNTS-
 (1) FUNDING- There are authorized to be appropriated out of the Highway
 Trust Fund (other than the Mass Transit Account) for the payment of donor
 State bonus amounts the following amounts for the following fiscal years:
 (A) For fiscal year 1992 $429,000,000.
 (B) For fiscal year 1993 $514,000,000.
 (C) For fiscal year 1994 $514,000,000.
 (D) For fiscal year 1995 $514,000,000.
 (E) For fiscal year 1996 $514,000,000.
 (F) For fiscal year 1997 $515,000,000.
 (2) APPORTIONMENT-
 (A) FORMULA- The bonus apportionments which are provided under this
 subsection for a fiscal year shall be apportioned in such a way as to bring
 each successive State, or States, with the lowest dollar return on dollar
 projected to be contributed into the Highway Trust Fund for such fiscal
 year, up to the highest common return on contributed dollar that can be
 funded with the annual authorizations provided under this subsection.
 (B) APPLICABILITY OF CHAPTER 1 OF TITLE 23- Funds apportioned under
 this subsection shall be available for obligation in the same manner and
 for the same purposes as if such funds were apportioned for the surface
 transportation program under chapter 1 of title 23, United States Code,
 except that such funds shall remain available until expended. One-half of
 the amounts apportioned under this subsection shall be subject to section
 133(d)(3) of title 23, United States Code, as added by this Act.
SEC. 1014. REIMBURSEMENT FOR SEGMENTS OF THE INTERSTATE SYSTEM CONSTRUCTED
WITHOUT FEDERAL ASSISTANCE.
 (a) IN GENERAL- Chapter 1 of title 23, United States Code, is amended by
 adding at the end the following new section:
-`Sec. 160. Reimbursement for segments of the Interstate System constructed
without Federal assistance
 `(a) GENERAL AUTHORITY- The Secretary shall allocate to the States in
 each of fiscal years 1996 and 1997 amounts determined under subsection
 (b) for reimbursement of their original contributions to construction of
 segments of the Interstate System which were constructed without Federal
 financial assistance.
 `(b) DETERMINATION OF REIMBURSEMENT AMOUNT- The amount to be reimbursed to
 a State in each of fiscal years 1996 and 1997 under this section shall be
 determined by multiplying the amount made available for carrying out this
 section for such fiscal year by the reimbursement percentage set forth in
 the table contained in subsection (c).
 `(c) REIMBURSEMENT TABLE- For purposes of carrying out this section, the
 reimbursement percentage, the original cost for constructing the Interstate
 System, and the total reimbursable amount for each State is set forth in
 the following table:
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
 States         Original cost in millions Reimbursement percentage Reimbursable
 amount in millions
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
 Alabama                               $9                     0.50
 $147
 Alaska                                                       0.50
 147
 Arizona                               20                     0.50
 147
 Arkansas                               6                     0.50
 147
 California                           298                     5.42
 1,591
 Colorado                              23                     0.50
 147
 Connecticut                          314                     5.71
 1,676
 Delaware                              39                     0.71
 209
 Florida                               31                     0.56
 164
 Georgia                               46                     0.84
 246
 Hawaii                                                       0.50
 147
 Idaho                                  5                     0.50
 147
 Illinois                             475                     8.62
 2,533
 Indiana                              167                     3.03
 892
 Iowa                                   5                     0.50
 147
 Kansas                               101                     1.84
 540
 Kentucky                              32                     0.57
 169
 Louisiana                             22                     0.50
 147
 Maine                                 38                     0.69
 204
 Maryland                             154                     2.79
 820
 Massachusetts                        283                     5.14
 1,511
 Michigan                             228                     4.14
 1,218
 Minnesota                             16                     0.50
 147
 Mississippi                            6                     0.50
 147
 Missouri                              74                     1.35
 396
 Montana                                5                     0.50
 147
 Nebraska                               1                     0.50
 147
 Nevada                                 2                     0.50
 147
 New Hampshire                          8                     0.50
 147
 New Jersey                           353                     6.41
 1,882
 New Mexico                             8                     0.50
 147
 New York                             929                    16.88
 4,960
 North Carolina                        36                     0.65
 191
 North Dakota                           3                     0.50
 147
 Ohio                                 257                     4.68
 1,374
 Oklahoma                              91                     1.66
 486
 Oregon                                78                     1.42
 417
 Pennsylvania                         354                     6.43
 1,888
 Rhode Island                          12                     0.50
 147
 South Carolina                         4                     0.50
 147
 South Dakota                           5                     0.50
 147
 Tennessee                              7                     0.50
 147
 Texas                                200                     3.64
 1,069
 Utah                                   6                     0.50
 147
 Vermont                                1                     0.50
 147
 Virginia                             111                     2.01
 591
 Washington                            73                     1.32
 389
 West Virginia                          5                     0.50
 147
 Wisconsin                              8                     0.50
 147
 Wyoming                                9                     0.50
 147
 D.C.                                   9                     0.50
 147
 TOTALS                            $4,967                   100.00
 $29,384
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
 `(d) TRANSFER OF REIMBURSABLE AMOUNTS TO STP APPORTIONMENT- Subject
 to subsection (e) of this section, the Secretary shall transfer amounts
 allocated to a State pursuant to this section to the apportionment of such
 State under section 104(b)(3) for the surface transportation program.
 `(e) LIMITATION ON APPLICABILITY OF CERTAIN REQUIREMENTS OF STP PROGRAM-
 The following provisions of section 133 of this title shall not apply to
 1/2  of the amounts transferred under subsection (d) to the apportionment
 of the State for the surface transportation program:
 `(1) Subsection (d)(1).
 `(2) Subsection (d)(2).
 `(3) Subsection (d)(3).
 `(f) AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS- There is authorized to be appropriated,
 out of the Highway Trust Fund (other than the Mass Transit Account),
 $2,000,000,000 per fiscal year for each of fiscal years 1996 and 1997 to
 carryout this section.'.
 (b) CONFORMING AMENDMENT- The analysis for chapter 1 of such title is
 amended by adding at the end the following new item:
`160. Reimbursement for segments of the Interstate System constructed without
Federal assistance.'.
 (c) KANSAS PROJECTS-
 (1) UNITED STATES ROUTE 50- The State of Kansas shall obligate in fiscal year
 1996 $24,440,000 to construct the Hutchinson Bypass between United States
 Route 50 and Kansas Route 96 in the vicinity of Hutchinson, Kansas. Such
 funds shall be obligated from amounts allocated to the State of Kansas for
 fiscal year 1996 under section 160 of title 23, United States Code.
 (2) UNITED STATES ROUTE 91- The State of Kansas shall obligate in fiscal
 years 1996 and 1997 such sums as may be necessary to widen United States
 Route 91 from Belleville, Kansas, to the Nebraska border. Such funds shall
 be obligated from amounts allocated to the State of Kansas for fiscal years
 1996 and 1997 under such section.
 (3) NONAPPLICABILITY OF CERTAIN PROVISIONS- Sections 160(d) and 133(d)(3)
 of title 23, United States Code, shall not apply to funds allocated to the
 State of Kansas for fiscal years 1996 and 1997.
SEC. 1015. APPORTIONMENT ADJUSTMENTS.
 (a) HOLD HARMLESS-
 (1) GENERAL RULE- The amount of funds which, but for this subsection, would
 be apportioned to a State for each of the fiscal years 1992 through 1997
 under section 104(b)(3) of title 23, United States Code, for the surface
 transportation program shall be increased or decreased by an amount which,
 when added to or subtracted from the aggregate amount of funds apportioned
 to the State for such fiscal year and funds allocated to the State for the
 prior fiscal year under section 104(b) of such title, section 103(e)(4)
 for Interstate highway substitute, section 144 of such title, section
 157 of such title, under section 202 of such title for the Federal lands
 highways program, section 160 of such title for the reimbursement program,
 and section 1013(c) of this Act for the donor State bonus program, will
 result in the percentage of amounts so apportioned and allocated to all
 States being equal to the percentage listed for such State in paragraph (2).
 (2) STATE PERCENTAGES- For purposes of paragraph (1) the percentage
 of amounts apportioned and allocated which are referred to in paragraph
 (1) for each State, and the District of Columbia shall be determined in
 accordance with the following table:
--Adjustment
 States
--Percentage
Alabama
--1.74
Alaska
--1.28
Arizona
--1.49
Arkansas
--1.20
California
--9.45
Colorado
--1.35
Connecticut
--1.78
Delaware
--0.41
District of Columbia
--0.53
Florida
--4.14
Georgia
--2.97
Hawaii
--0.57
Idaho
--0.69
Illinois
--3.72
Indiana
--2.20
Iowa
--1.25
Kansas
--1.14
Kentucky
--1.52
Louisiana
--1.55
Maine
--0.50
Maryland
--1.69
Massachusetts
--4.36
Michigan
--2.81
Minnesota
--1.58
Mississippi
--1.15
Missouri
--2.23
Montana
--0.97
Nebraska
--0.83
Nevada
--0.64
New Hampshire
--0.48
New Jersey
--2.87
New Mexico
--1.08
New York
--5.37
North Carolina
--2.65
North Dakota
--0.62
Ohio
--3.73
Oklahoma
--1.42
Oregon
--1.26
Pennsylvania
--4.38
Rhode Island
--0.54
South Carolina
--1.41
South Dakota
--0.71
Tennessee
--2.08
Texas
--6.36
Utah
--0.77
Vermont
--0.44
Virginia
--2.27
Washington
--2.06
West Virginia
--0.94
Wisconsin
--1.70
Wyoming
--0.67
 (b) 90 PERCENT OF PAYMENT ADJUSTMENTS-
 (1) GENERAL RULE- For each of fiscal years 1992 through 1997, the Secretary
 shall allocate among the States amounts sufficient to ensure that a State's
 total apportionments for such fiscal year and allocations for the prior fiscal
 year under section 104(b) of such title, section 103(e)(4) for Interstate
 highway substitute, section 144 of such title, section 157 of such title,
 section 202 of such title for the Federal lands highways program, section
 1013(c) of this Act for the donor State bonus program, section 160 of such
 title for the reimbursement program, and subsection (a) of this section
 for hold harmless is not less than 90 percent of the estimated tax payments
 attributable to highway users in the State paid into the Highway Trust Fund
 (other than Mass Transit Account) in the latest fiscal year in which data
 is available.
 (2) TRANSFER OF ALLOCATED AMOUNTS TO STP APPORTIONMENT- Subject to subsection
 (d) of this section, the Secretary shall transfer amounts allocated to a
 State pursuant to paragraph (1) to the apportionment of such State under
 section 104(b)(3) for the surface transportation program.
 (c) ADDITIONAL ALLOCATION- Subject to subsection (d) of this section, the
 Secretary shall allocate to the State of Wisconsin $40,000,000 for fiscal year
 1992 and $47,800,000 for each of fiscal years 1993 through 1997 and transfer
 such amounts to the apportionment of such State under section 104(b)(3)
 of title 23, United States Code, for the surface transportation program.
 (d) LIMITATION ON APPLICABILITY OF CERTAIN REQUIREMENTS OF STP PROGRAM-
 The following provisions of section 133 of title 23, United States Code,
 shall not apply to  1/2  of the amounts added under subsection (a) to the
 apportionment of the State for the surface transportation program and of
 amounts transferred under subsections (b) and (c) to such apportionment:
 (1) Subsection (d)(1).
 (2) Subsection (d)(2).
 (3) Subsection (d)(3).
 (e) AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS- There are authorized to be appropriated,
 out of the Highway Trust Fund (other than the Mass Transit Account), to
 carry out this section such sums as may be necessary for each of fiscal
 years 1992 through 1997.
SEC. 1016. PROGRAM EFFICIENCIES.
 (a) HOV PASSENGER REQUIREMENTS; ENGINEERING COST REIMBURSEMENT- Section
 102 of title 23, United States Code, is amended to read as follows:
`Sec. 102. Program efficiencies
 `(a) HOV PASSENGER REQUIREMENTS- A State highway department shall establish
 the occupancy requirements of vehicles operating in high occupancy vehicle
 lanes; except that no fewer than 2 occupants per vehicle may be required and,
 subject to section 163 of the Surface Transportation Assistance Act of 1982,
 motorcycles and bicycles shall not be considered single occupant vehicles.
 `(b) ENGINEERING COST REIMBURSEMENT- If on-site construction of, or
 acquisition of right-of-way for, a highway project is not commenced within
 10 years after the date on which Federal funds are first made available, out
 of the Highway Trust Fund (other than Mass Transit Account), for preliminary
 engineering of such project, the State shall pay an amount equal to the amount
 of Federal funds made available for such engineering. The Secretary shall
 deposit in such Fund all amounts paid to the Secretary under this section.'.
 (b) PROJECT APPROVAL- Section 106 of such title is amended--
 (1) in subsection (a) by inserting `this section and' before `section
 117'; and
 (2) by striking subsection (b) and inserting the following new subsection:
 `(b) SPECIAL RULES-
 `(1) 3R PROJECTS ON NHS- Notwithstanding any other provision of this title,
 a State highway department may approve, on a project by project basis,
 plans, specifications, and estimates for projects to resurface, restore,
 and rehabilitate highways on the National Highway System if the State
 certifies that all work will meet or exceed the standards approved by the
 Secretary under section 109(c).
 `(2) NON-NHS PROJECTS AND LOW-COST NHS PROJECTS- Any State may request
 that the Secretary no longer review and approve plans, specifications,
 and estimates for any project (including any highway project on the National
 Highway System with an estimated construction cost of less than $1,000,000 but
 excluding any other highway project on the National Highway System). After
 receiving any such notification, the Secretary shall undertake project
 review only as requested by the State.
 `(3) SAFETY CONSIDERATIONS- Safety considerations for projects subject to
 this subsection may be met by phase construction consistent with an operative
 safety management system established in accordance with section 303.'.
 (c) STANDARDS- Section 109(c) of such title is amended to read as follows:
 `(c) DESIGN AND CONSTRUCTION STANDARDS FOR NHS- Design and construction
 standards to be adopted for new construction on the National Highway System,
 for reconstruction on the National Highway System, and for resurfacing,
 restoring, and rehabilitating multilane limited access highways on
 the National Highway System shall be those approved by the Secretary in
 cooperation with the State highway departments. All eligible work for such
 projects shall meet or exceed such standards.'.
 (d) COMPLIANCE WITH STATE LAWS FOR NON-NHS PROJECTS- Section 109 of such
 title is amended by adding at the end the following new subsection:
 `(p) COMPLIANCE WITH STATE LAWS FOR NON-NHS PROJECTS- Projects (other
 than highway projects on the National Highway System) shall be designed,
 constructed, operated, and maintained in accordance with State laws,
 regulations, directives, safety standards, design standards, and construction
 standards.'.
 (e) HISTORIC AND SCENIC VALUES- Section 109 of such title is amended by
 adding at the end the following new subsection:
 `(q) HISTORIC AND SCENIC VALUES- If a proposed project under sections
 103(e)(4), 133, or 144 involves a historic facility or is located in an
 area of historic or scenic value, the Secretary may approve such project
 notwithstanding the requirements of subsections (a) and (b) of this section
 and section 133(c) if such project is designed to standards that allow
 for the preservation of such historic or scenic value and such project is
 designed with mitigation measures to allow preservation of such value and
 ensure safe use of the facility.'.
 (f) CONFORMING AMENDMENTS-
 (1) STANDARDS- Section 109 of such title is amended--
 (A) in subsection (a) by striking `projects on any Federal-aid system'
 and inserting `highway projects under this chapter'; and
 (B) in subsection (l)(1) by striking `Federal-aid system' and inserting
 `Federal-aid highway'.
 (2) CERTIFICATION ACCEPTANCE- Section 117 of such title is amended--
 (A) in subsection (a) by striking `on Federal-aid systems, except' and
 inserting `under this chapter, except projects on';
 (B) in subsection (a) by inserting `or other transportation' before
 `construction,';
 (C) by striking subsection (b) and inserting the following:
 `(b) The Secretary may accept projects based on inspections of a type and
 frequency necessary to ensure the projects are completed in accordance with
 appropriate standards.'; and
 (D) in subsection (e) by inserting `, section 106(b), section 133, and
 section 149' after `in this section'.
 (3) CHAPTER ANALYSIS- The analysis of chapter 1 of such title, is amended
 by striking
`102. Authorizations.'
and inserting
`102. Program efficiencies.'.
 (g) LIMITATION ON CERTAIN EXPENDITURES- No Federal funds may be expended
 for any highway project on any portion of the scenic highway known as
 `Ministerial Road' between route 138 and route 1 in the State of Rhode
 Island unless the Governor of such State and the town council of the town
 of South Kingstown, Rhode Island, first agree to the design.
SEC. 1017. ACQUISITION OF RIGHTS-OF-WAY.
 (a) RIGHT-OF-WAY REVOLVING FUND- Sections 108(a) and 108(c)(3) of title 23,
 United States Code, are each amended by striking `ten' and inserting `20'.
 (b) EARLY ACQUISITION OF RIGHTS-OF-WAY- Section 108 of such title is further
 amended by adding at the end the following new subsection:
 `(d) EARLY ACQUISITION OF RIGHTS-OF-WAY-
 `(1) GENERAL RULE- Subject to paragraph (2), funds apportioned to a State
 under this title may be used to participate in the payment of--
 `(A) costs incurred by the State for acquisition of rights-of-way, acquired
 in advance of any Federal approval or authorization, if the rights-of-way are
 subsequently incorporated into a project eligible for surface transportation
 program funds; and
 `(B) costs incurred by the State for the acquisition of land necessary to
 preserve environmental and scenic values.
 `(2) TERMS AND CONDITIONS- The Federal share payable of the costs described
 in paragraph (1) shall be eligible for reimbursement out of funds apportioned
 to a State under this title when the rights-of-way acquired are incorporated
 into a project eligible for surface transportation program funds, if the
 State demonstrates to the Secretary and the Secretary finds that--
 `(A) any land acquired, and relocation assistance provided, complied with
 the Uniform Relocation Assistance and Real Property Acquisition Policies
 Act of 1970;
 `(B) the requirements of title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 have been
 complied with;
 `(C) the State has a mandatory comprehensive and coordinated land use,
 environment, and transportation planning process under State law and the
 acquisition is certified by the Governor as consistent with the State plans
 before the acquisition;
 `(D) the acquisition is determined in advance by the Governor to be consistent
 with the State transportation planning process pursuant to section 135 of
 this title;
 `(E) the alternative for which the right-of-way is acquired is selected by
 the State pursuant to regulations to be issued by the Secretary which provide
 for the consideration of the environmental impacts of various alternatives;
 `(F) before the time that the cost incurred by a State is approved for
 Federal participation, environmental compliance pursuant to the National
 Environmental Policy Act has been completed for the project for which the
 right-of-way was acquired by the State, and the acquisition has been approved
 by the Secretary under this Act, and in compliance with section 4(f) of the
 Department of Transportation Act, section 7 of the Endangered Species Act,
 and all other applicable environmental laws shall be identified by the
 Secretary in regulations; and
 `(G) before the time that the cost incurred by a State is approved for Federal
 participation, both the Secretary and the Administrator of the Environmental
 Protection Agency have concurred that the property acquired in advance
 of Federal approval or authorization did not influence the environmental
 assessment of the project, the decision relative to the need to construct
 the project, or the selection of the project design or location.'.
 (c) PRESERVATION OF TRANSPORTATION CORRIDORS REPORT- The Secretary, in
 consultation with the States, shall report to Congress within 2 years after
 the date of the enactment of this Act, a national list of the rights-of-way
 identified by the metropolitan planning organizations and the States
 (under sections 134 and 135 of title 23, United States Code), including
 the total mileage involved, an estimate of the total costs, and a strategy
 for preventing further loss of rights-of-way including the desirability of
 creating a transportation right-of-way land bank to preserve vital corridors.
SEC. 1018. PRECONSTRUCTION ACTIVITIES.
 (a) LIMITATION ON ESTIMATES FOR CONSTRUCTION ENGINEERING- Section 106(c)
 of title 23, United States Code, is amended to read as follows:
 `(c) LIMITATION ON ESTIMATES FOR CONSTRUCTION ENGINEERING- Items included
 in all such estimates for construction engineering for a State for a fiscal
 year shall not exceed, in the aggregate, 15 percent of the total estimated
 costs of all projects financed within the boundaries of the State with
 Federal-aid highway funds in such fiscal year, after excluding from such
 total estimate costs, the estimated costs of rights-of-way, preliminary
 engineering, and construction engineering.'.
 (b) CONFORMING AMENDMENTS- Section 121(d) of such title is amended--
 (1) by striking `120' and inserting `106(c), 120,'; and
 (2) by striking the last sentence.
SEC. 1019. CONVICT PRODUCED MATERIALS.
 Section 114(b)(2) of title 23, United States Code, is amended by inserting
 `after July 1, 1991,' after `Materials produced'.
SEC. 1020. PERIOD OF AVAILABILITY.
 (a) DATE AND PERIOD OF AVAILABILITY; DISCRETIONARY PROJECTS- Section 118
 of title 23, United States Code, is amended by striking subsections (a)
 and (b) and inserting the following new subsections:
 `(a) DATE AVAILABLE FOR OBLIGATION- Except as otherwise specifically provided,
 authorizations from the Highway Trust Fund (other than the Mass Transit
 Account) to carry out this title shall be available for obligation on the
 date of their apportionment or allocation or on October 1 of the fiscal
 year for which they are authorized, whichever occurs first.
 `(b) PERIOD OF AVAILABILITY; DISCRETIONARY PROJECTS-
 `(1) INTERSTATE CONSTRUCTION FUNDS- Funds apportioned or allocated for
 Interstate construction in a State shall remain available for obligation in
 that State until the last day of the fiscal year in which they are apportioned
 or allocated. Sums not obligated by the last day of the fiscal year in which
 they are apportioned or allocated shall be allocated to other States, except
 Massachusetts, at the discretion of the Secretary. All sums apportioned or
 allocated on or after October 1, 1994, shall remain available in the State
 until expended. All sums apportioned or allocated to Massachusetts on or
 before October 1, 1989, shall remain available until expended.
 `(2) OTHER FUNDS- Except as otherwise specifically provided, funds
 apportioned or allocated pursuant to this title (other than for Interstate
 construction) in a State shall remain available for obligation in that State
 for a period of 3 years after the last day of the fiscal year for which the
 funds are authorized. Any amounts so apportioned or allocated that remain
 unobligated at the end of that period shall lapse.'.
 (b) SET ASIDE FOR DISCRETIONARY PROJECTS- Section 118(c) of such title
 is amended--
 (1) by striking `1983' and inserting `1992';
 (2) by striking `$300,000,000' and inserting `$100,000,000'; and
 (3) by striking paragraph (2) and inserting the following new paragraph:
 `(2) SET ASIDE FOR 4R PROJECTS-
 `(A) IN GENERAL- Before any apportionment is made under section 104(b)(1)
 of this title, the Secretary shall set aside $54,000,000 for fiscal year
 1992, $64,000,000 for each fiscal years 1993, 1994, 1995, and 1996, and
 $65,000,000 for fiscal year 1997 for obligation by the Secretary for projects
 for resurfacing, restoring, rehabilitating, and reconstructing any route or
 portion thereof on the Interstate System (other than any highway designated
 as a part of the Interstate System under section 139 and any toll road on
 the Interstate System not subject to an agreement under section 119(e) of
 this title, as in effect on the day before the date of the enactment of the
 Intermodal Surface Transportation Efficiency Act of 1991). Of the amounts set
 aside under the preceding sentence, the Secretary shall obligate $16,000,000
 for fiscal year 1992 and $17,000,000 for each of fiscal years 1993 and
 1994 for improvements on the Kennedy Expressway in Chicago, Illinois. The
 remainder of such funds shall be made available by the Secretary to any
 State applying for such funds, if the Secretary determines that--
 `(i) the State has obligated or demonstrates that it will obligate in
 the fiscal year all of its apportionments under section 104(b)(1) other
 than an amount which, by itself, is insufficient to pay the Federal share
 of the cost of a project for resurfacing, restoring, rehabilitating, and
 reconstructing the Interstate System which has been submitted by the State
 to the Secretary for approval; and
 `(ii) the applicant is willing and able to (I) obligate the funds within
 1 year of the date the funds are made available, (II) apply them to a
 ready-to-commence project, and (III) in the case of construction work,
 begin work within 90 days of obligation.
 `(B) PRIORITY CONSIDERATION FOR CERTAIN PROJECTS- In selecting projects to
 fund under subparagraph (A), the Secretary shall give priority consideration
 to any project the cost of which exceeds $10,000,000 on any high volume
 route in an urban area or a high truck-volume route in a rural area.
 `(C) PERIOD OF AVAILABILITY OF DISCRETIONARY FUNDS- Sums made available
 pursuant to this paragraph shall remain available until expended.'.
 (c) CONFORMING AMENDMENT- Section 118(d) of such title is amended by striking
 `(b)(2)' and inserting `(b)(1)'.
 (d) ALASKA AND PUERTO RICO- Section 118(f) of such title is amended by
 striking `on a Federal-aid system'.
SEC. 1021. FEDERAL SHARE.
 (a) IN GENERAL- Section 120 of title 23, United States Code, is amended
 by striking subsections (a), (b), (c), and (d) and inserting the following
 new subsections:
 `(a) INTERSTATE SYSTEM PROJECTS- Except as otherwise provided in this chapter,
 the Federal share payable on account of any project on the Interstate System
 (including a project to add high occupancy vehicle lanes and a project
 to add auxiliary lanes but excluding a project to add any other lanes)
 shall be 90 percent of the total cost thereof, plus a percentage of the
 remaining 10 percent of such cost in any State containing unappropriated and
 unreserved public lands and nontaxable Indian lands, individual and tribal,
 exceeding 5 percent of the total area of all lands therein, equal to the
 percentage that the area of such lands in such State is of its total area;
 except that such Federal share payable on any project in any State shall
 not exceed 95 percent of the total cost of such project.
 `(b) OTHER PROJECTS- Except as otherwise provided in this title, the Federal
 share payable on account of any project or activity carried out under this
 title (other than a project subject to subsection (a)) shall be--
 `(1) 80 percent of the cost thereof, except that in the case of any State
 containing nontaxable Indian lands, individual and tribal, and public
 domain lands (both reserved and unreserved) exclusive of national forests
 and national parks and monuments, exceeding 5 percent of the total area of
 all lands therein, the Federal share, for purposes of this chapter, shall
 be increased by a percentage of the remaining cost equal to the percentage
 that the area of all such lands in such State, is of its total area; or
 `(2) 80 percent of the cost thereof, except that in the case of any State
 containing nontaxable Indian lands, individual and tribal, public domain
 lands (both reserved and unreserved), national forests, and national parks
 and monuments, the Federal share, for purposes of this chapter, shall be
 increased by a percentage of the remaining cost equal to the percentage
 that the area of all such lands in such State is of its total area;
except that the Federal share payable on any project in a State shall not
exceed 95 percent of the total cost of any such project. In any case where
a State elects to have the Federal share provided in paragraph (2) of this
subsection, the State must enter into an agreement with the Secretary covering
a period of not less than 1 year, requiring such State to use solely for
purposes eligible for assistance under this title (other than paying its
share of projects approved under this title) during the period covered by such
agreement the difference between the State's share as provided in paragraph
(2) and what its share would be if it elected to pay the share provided in
paragraph (1) for all projects subject to such agreement.
 `(c) INCREASED FEDERAL SHARE FOR CERTAIN SAFETY PROJECTS- The Federal
 share payable on account of any project for traffic control signalization,
 pavement marking, commuter carpooling and vanpooling, or installation of
 traffic signs, traffic lights, guardrails, impact attenuators, concrete
 barrier endtreatments, breakaway utility poles, or priority control systems
 for emergency vehicles at signalized intersections may amount to 100 percent
 of the cost of construction of such projects; except that not more than 10
 percent of all sums apportioned for all the Federal-aid systems for any
 fiscal year in accordance with section 104 of this title shall be used
 under this subsection.'.
 (b) CONFORMING AMENDMENTS- Section 120 of such title is further amended--
  (1) by striking subsections (j), (k), (l), and (m),
  (2) by redesignating subsections (e), (f), (g), (h), (i), and (n) as
  subsections (d), (e), (f), (g), (h), and (i) respectively, and
  (3) in subsection (d) as so redesignated by striking `and (c)' and inserting
  `and (b)'.
 (c) LIMITATION ON STATUTORY CONSTRUCTION- The amendments made by this section
 shall not be construed to affect (1) the Federal share established by the
 Supplemental Appropriations Act, 1983 (97 Stat. 329) for construction of
 any highway on the Interstate System, and (2) the Federal share established
 by section 120(k) of such title, as in effect on the day before the date
 of the enactment of this Act, with respect to United States Highway 71 in
 Arkansas from the I-40 intersection to the Missouri-Arkansas State line.
 (d) HIGHER FEDERAL SHARE- If any highway project authorized to be carried
 out under sections 1103 through 1108 of this Act is a project which would be
 eligible for assistance under section 204 of title 23, United States Code,
 or is a project on a federally owned bridge, the Federal share payable on
 account of such project shall be 100 percent for purposes of this Act.
SEC. 1022. EMERGENCY RELIEF.
 (a) EXTENSION OF TIME PERIOD- Section 120(d) of title 23, United States
 Code, as redesignated by section 1021(b) of this Act, is amended by striking
 `90 days' and inserting `180 days'.
 (b) DOLLAR LIMITATION FOR TERRITORIES- Section 125(b)(2) of such title is
 amended by striking `$5,000,000' and inserting `$20,000,000'.
 (c) APPLICABILITY- The amendments made by subsections (a) and (b) shall
 only apply to natural disasters and catastrophic failures occurring after
 the date of the enactment of this Act.
SEC. 1023. GROSS VEHICLE WEIGHT RESTRICTION.
 (a) CONFORMING AMENDMENTS- Section 127(a) of title 23, United States Code,
 is amended--
 (1) by striking `funds authorized to be appropriated for any fiscal year
 under provisions of the Federal-Aid Highway Act of 1956 shall be apportioned'
 and inserting `funds shall be apportioned in any fiscal year under section
 104(b)(1) of this title'; and
 (2) in the fourth sentence by inserting after `thereof' the following:
 `, other than vehicles or combinations subject to subsection (d) of this
 section,'.
 (b) OPERATION OF LONGER COMBINATION VEHICLES- Section 127 of such title is
 amended by adding at the end the following new subsection:
 `(d) LONGER COMBINATION VEHICLES-
 `(1) PROHIBITION-
 `(A) GENERAL CONTINUATION RULE- A longer combination vehicle may continue
 to operate only if the longer combination vehicle configuration type was
 authorized by State officials pursuant to State statute or regulation
 conforming to this section and in actual lawful operation on a regular or
 periodic basis (including seasonal operations) on or before June 1, 1991,
 or pursuant to section 335 of the Department of Transportation and Related
 Agencies Appropriations Act, 1991 (104 Stat. 2186).
 `(B) APPLICABILITY OF STATE LAWS AND REGULATIONS- All such operations shall
 continue to be subject to, at the minimum, all State statutes, regulations,
 limitations and conditions, including, but not limited to, routing-specific
 and configuration-specific designations and all other restrictions, in
 force on June 1, 1991; except that subject to such regulations as may be
 issued by the Secretary pursuant to paragraph (5) of this subsection, the
 State may make minor adjustments of a temporary and emergency nature to
 route designations and vehicle operating restrictions in effect on June 1,
 1991, for specific safety purposes and road construction.
 `(C) WYOMING- In addition to those vehicles allowed under subparagraph
 (A), the State of Wyoming may allow the operation of additional vehicle
 configurations not in actual operation on June 1, 1991, but authorized by
 State law not later than November 3, 1992, if such vehicle configurations
 comply with the single axle, tandem axle, and bridge formula limits set
 forth in subsection (a) and do not exceed 117,000 pounds gross vehicle weight.
 `(D) OHIO- In addition to vehicles which the State of Ohio may continue to
 allow to be operated under subparagraph (A), such State may allow longer
 combination vehicles with 3 cargo carrying units of 28 1/2  feet each
 (not including the truck tractor) not in actual operation on June 1, 1991,
 to be operated within its boundaries on the 1-mile segment of Ohio State
 Route 7 which begins at and is south of exit 16 of the Ohio Turnpike.
 `(E) ALASKA- In addition to vehicles which the State of Alaska may continue
 to allow to be operated under subparagraph (A), such State may allow the
 operation of longer combination vehicles which were not in actual operation
 on June 1, 1991, but which were in actual operation prior to July 5, 1991.
 `(2) ADDITIONAL STATE RESTRICTIONS-
 `(A) IN GENERAL- Nothing in this subsection shall prevent any State from
 further restricting in any manner or prohibiting the operation of longer
 combination vehicles otherwise authorized under this subsection; except that
 such restrictions or prohibitions shall be consistent with the requirements
 of sections 411, 412, and 416 of the Surface Transportation Assistance Act
 of 1982 (49 U.S.C. App. 2311, 2312, and 2316).
 `(B) MINOR ADJUSTMENTS- Any State further restricting or prohibiting the
 operations of longer combination vehicles or making minor adjustments of
 a temporary and emergency nature as may be allowed pursuant to regulations
 issued by the Secretary pursuant to paragraph (5) of this subsection, shall,
 within 30 days, advise the Secretary of such action, and the Secretary
 shall publish a notice of such action in the Federal Register.
 `(3) PUBLICATION OF LIST-
 `(A) SUBMISSION TO SECRETARY- Within 60 days of the date of the enactment
 of this subsection, each State (i) shall submit to the Secretary for
 publication in the Federal Register a complete list of (I) all operations
 of longer combination vehicles being conducted as of June 1, 1991, pursuant
 to State statutes and regulations; (II) all limitations and conditions,
 including, but not limited to, routing-specific and configuration-specific
 designations and all other restrictions, governing the operation of longer
 combination vehicles otherwise prohibited under this subsection; and (III)
 such statutes, regulations, limitations, and conditions; and (ii) shall
 submit to the Secretary copies of such statutes, regulations, limitations,
 and conditions.
 `(B) INTERIM LIST- Not later than 90 days after the date of the enactment of
 this subsection, the Secretary shall publish an interim list in the Federal
 Register, consisting of all information submitted pursuant to subparagraph
 (A). The Secretary shall review for accuracy all information submitted
 by the States pursuant to subparagraph (A) and shall solicit and consider
 public comment on the accuracy of all such information.
 `(C) LIMITATION- No statute or regulation shall be included on the list
 submitted by a State or published by the Secretary merely on the grounds
 that it authorized, or could have authorized, by permit or otherwise,
 the operation of longer combination vehicles, not in actual operation on
 a regular or periodic basis on or before June 1, 1991.
 `(D) FINAL LIST- Except as modified pursuant to paragraph (1)(C) of
 this subsection, the list shall be published as final in the Federal
 Register not later than 180 days after the date of the enactment of this
 subsection. In publishing the final list, the Secretary shall make any
 revisions necessary to correct inaccuracies identified under subparagraph
 (B). After publication of the final list, longer combination vehicles may
 not operate on the Interstate System except as provided in the list.
 `(E) REVIEW AND CORRECTION PROCEDURE- The Secretary, on his or her own
 motion or upon a request by any person (including a State), shall review
 the list issued by the Secretary pursuant to subparagraph (D). If the
 Secretary determines there is cause to believe that a mistake was made in
 the accuracy of the final list, the Secretary shall commence a proceeding
 to determine whether the list published pursuant to subparagraph (D) should
 be corrected. If the Secretary determines that there is a mistake in the
 accuracy of the list the Secretary shall correct the publication under
 subparagraph (D) to reflect the determination of the Secretary.
 `(4) LONGER COMBINATION VEHICLE DEFINED- For purposes of this section, the
 term `longer combination vehicle' means any combination of a truck tractor
 and 2 or more trailers or semitrailers which operates on the Interstate
 System at a gross vehicle weight greater than 80,000 pounds.
 `(5) REGULATIONS REGARDING MINOR ADJUSTMENTS- Not later than 180 days after
 the date of the enactment of this subsection, the Secretary shall issue
 regulations establishing criteria for the States to follow in making minor
 adjustments under paragraph (1)(B).'.
 (c) STATE CERTIFICATION- Section 141(b) of such title is amended by adding
 at the end the following new sentence: `Each State shall also certify
 that it is enforcing and complying with the provisions of section 127(d)
 of this title and section 411(j) of the Surface Transportation Assistance
 Act of 1982 (49 U.S.C. App. 2311(j)).'.
 (d) INTERSTATE ROUTE 68- Section 127 of such title is amended by adding at
 the end the following new subsection:
 `(e) OPERATION OF CERTAIN SPECIALIZED HAULING VEHICLES ON INTERSTATE ROUTE
 68- The single axle, tandem axle, and bridge formula limits set forth in
 subsection (a) shall not apply to the operation on Interstate Route 68 in
 Garrett and Allegany Counties, Maryland, of any specialized vehicle equipped
 with a steering axle and a tridem axle and used for hauling coal, logs, and
 pulpwood if such vehicle is of a type of vehicle as was operating in such
 counties on United States Route 40 or 48 for such purpose on August 1, 1991.'.
 (e) FIREFIGHTING VEHICLES-
 (1) TEMPORARY EXEMPTION- The second sentence of section 127 of title 23,
 United States Code, relating to axle weight limitations and the bridge
 formula for vehicles using the National System of Interstate and Defense
 Highways, shall not apply, in the 2-year period beginning on the date of
 the enactment of this Act, to any existing vehicle which is used for the
 purpose of protecting persons and property from fires and other disasters
 that threaten public safety and which is in actual operation before such
 date of enactment and to any new vehicle to be used for such purpose while
 such vehicle is being delivered to a firefighting agency. The Secretary
 may extend such 2-year period for an additional year.
 (2) STUDY- The Secretary shall conduct a study--
 (A) of State laws regulating the use on the National System of Interstate and
 Defense Highways of vehicles which are used for the purpose of protecting
 persons and property from fires and other disasters that threaten public
 safety and which are being delivered to or operated by a firefighting
 agency; and
 (B) of the issuance of permits by States which exempt such vehicles from
 the requirements of the second sentence of section 127 of title 23, United
 States Code.
 (3) PURPOSES- The purposes of the study under this subsection are to determine
 whether or not such State laws and such section 127 need to be modified with
 regard to such vehicles and whether or not a permanent exemption should be
 made for such vehicles from the requirements of such laws and section 127
 or whether or not the bridge formula set forth in such section should be
 modified as it applies to such vehicles.
 (4) REPORT- Not later than 18 months after the date of the enactment of this
 Act, the Secretary shall submit to the Congress a report on the results of
 the study conducted under paragraph (2), together with recommendations.
 (f) MONTANA-CANADA TRADE- The Secretary shall not withhold funds from
 the State of Montana on the basis of actions taken by the State of Montana
 pursuant to a draft memorandum of understanding with the Province of Alberta,
 Canada, regarding truck transportation between Canada and Shelby, Montana;
 except that such actions do not include actions not permitted by the State
 of Montana on or before June 1, 1991.
 (g) TRANSPORTERS OF WATER WELL DRILLING RIGS-
 (1) STUDY- The Secretary shall conduct a study of State and Federal
 regulations pertaining to transporters of water well drilling rigs on public
 highways for the purpose of identifying requirements which place a burden on
 such transporters without enhancing safety or preservation of public highways.
 (2) REPORT- Not later than 2 years after the date of the enactment of this
 Act, the Secretary shall transmit to Congress a report on the results of
 the study conducted under paragraph (1), together with any legislative and
 administrative recommendations of the Secretary.
SEC. 1024. METROPOLITAN PLANNING.
 (a) IN GENERAL- Section 134 of title 23, United States Code, is amended to
 read as follows:
`Sec. 134. Metropolitan planning
 `(a) GENERAL REQUIREMENTS- It is in the national interest to encourage and
 promote the development of transportation systems embracing various modes
 of transportation in a manner which will efficiently maximize mobility
 of people and goods within and through urbanized areas and minimize
 transportation-related fuel consumption and air pollution. To accomplish
 this objective, metropolitan planning organizations, in cooperation with the
 State, shall develop transportation plans and programs for urbanized areas
 of the State. Such plans and programs shall provide for the development
 of transportation facilities (including pedestrian walkways and bicycle
 transportation facilities) which will function as an intermodal transportation
 system for the State, the metropolitan areas, and the Nation. The process
 for developing such plans and programs shall provide for consideration
 of all modes of transportation and shall be continuing, cooperative, and
 comprehensive to the degree appropriate, based on the complexity of the
 transportation problems.
 `(b) DESIGNATION OF METROPOLITAN PLANNING ORGANIZATIONS-
 `(1) IN GENERAL- To carry out the transportation planning process required
 by this section, a metropolitan planning organization shall be designated
 for each urbanized area of more than 50,000 population by agreement among
 the Governor and units of general purpose local government which together
 represent at least 75 percent of the affected population (including the
 central city or cities as defined by the Bureau of the Census) or in
 accordance with procedures established by applicable State or local law.
 `(2) MEMBERSHIP OF CERTAIN MPO'S- In a metropolitan area designated as
 a transportation management area, the metropolitan planning organization
 designated for such area shall include local elected officials, officials
 of agencies which administer or operate major modes of transportation in
 the metropolitan area (including all transportation agencies included in
 the metropolitan planning organization on June 1, 1991) and appropriate
 State officials. This paragraph shall only apply to a metropolitan planning
 organization which is redesignated after the date of the enactment of
 this section.
 `(3) LIMITATION ON STATUTORY CONSTRUCTION- Nothing in this subsection
 shall be construed to interfere with the authority, under any State law
 in effect on the date of the enactment of this section, of a public agency
 with multimodal transportation responsibilities to--
 `(A) develop plans and programs for adoption by a metropolitan planning
 organization; and
 `(B) develop long-range capital plans, coordinate transit services and
 projects, and carry out other activities pursuant to State law.
 `(4) CONTINUING DESIGNATION- Designations of metropolitan planning
 organizations, whether made under this section or other provisions of law,
 shall remain in effect until redesignated under paragraph (5) or revoked by
 agreement among the Governor and units of general purpose local government
 which together represent at least 75 percent of the affected population or
 as otherwise provided under State or local procedures.
 `(5) REDESIGNATION-
 `(A) PROCEDURES- A metropolitan planning organization may be redesignated by
 agreement among the Governor and units of general purpose local government
 which together represent at least 75 percent of the affected population
 (including the central city or cities as defined by the Bureau of the Census)
 as appropriate to carry out this section.
 `(B) CERTAIN REQUESTS TO REDESIGNATE- A metropolitan planning organization
 shall be redesignated upon request of a unit or units of general purpose
 local government representing at least 25 percent of the affected population
 (including the central city or cities as defined by the Bureau of the Census)
 in any urbanized area (i) whose population is more than 5,000,000 but less
 than 10,000,000, or (ii) which is an extreme nonattainment area for ozone
 or carbon monoxide as defined under the Clean Air Act. Such redesignation
 shall be accomplished using procedures established by subparagraph (A).
 `(6) TREATMENT OF LARGE URBAN AREAS- More than 1 metropolitan planning
 organization may be designated within an urbanized area as defined by
 the Bureau of the Census only if the Governor determines that the size and
 complexity of the urbanized area make designation of more than 1 metropolitan
 planning organization for such area appropriate.
 `(c) METROPOLITAN AREA BOUNDARIES- For the purposes of this section, the
 boundaries of a metropolitan area shall be determined by agreement between
 the metropolitan planning organization and the Governor. Each metropolitan
 area shall cover at least the existing urbanized area and the contiguous
 area expected to become urbanized within the 20-year forecast period and
 may encompass the entire metropolitan statistical area or consolidated
 metropolitan statistical area, as defined by the Bureau of the Census. For
 areas designated as nonattainment areas for ozone or carbon monoxide under
 the Clean Air Act, the boundaries of the metropolitan area shall at least
 include the boundaries of the nonattainment area, except as otherwise provided
 by agreement between the metropolitan planning organization and the Governor.
 `(d) COORDINATION IN MULTISTATE AREAS-
 `(1) IN GENERAL- The Secretary shall establish such requirements as the
 Secretary considers appropriate to encourage Governors and metropolitan
 planning organizations with responsibility for a portion of a multi-State
 metropolitan area to provide coordinated transportation planning for the
 entire metropolitan area.
 `(2) COMPACTS- The consent of Congress is hereby given to any 2 or more
 States to enter into agreements or compacts, not in conflict with any law of
 the United States, for cooperative efforts and mutual assistance in support
 of activities authorized under this section as such activities pertain to
 interstate areas and localities within such States and to establish such
 agencies, joint or otherwise, as such States may deem desirable for making
 such agreements and compacts effective.
 `(e) COORDINATION OF MPO'S- If more than 1 metropolitan planning organization
 has authority within a metropolitan area or an area which is designated
 as a nonattainment area for ozone or carbon monoxide under the Clean Air
 Act, each metropolitan planning organization shall consult with the other
 metropolitan planning organizations designated for such area and the State
 in the coordination of plans and programs required by this section.
 `(f) FACTORS TO BE CONSIDERED- In developing transportation plans and programs
 pursuant to this section, each metropolitan planning organization shall,
 at a minimum, consider the following:
 `(1) Preservation of existing transportation facilities and, where practical,
 ways to meet transportation needs by using existing transportation facilities
 more efficiently.
 `(2) The consistency of transportation planning with applicable Federal,
 State, and local energy conservation programs, goals, and objectives.
 `(3) The need to relieve congestion and prevent congestion from occurring
 where it does not yet occur.
 `(4) The likely effect of transportation policy decisions on land use
 and development and the consistency of transportation plans and programs
 with the provisions of all applicable short- and long-term land use and
 development plans.
 `(5) The programming of expenditure on transportation enhancement activities
 as required in section 133.
 `(6) The effects of all transportation projects to be undertaken within
 the metropolitan area, without regard to whether such projects are publicly
 funded.
 `(7) International border crossings and access to ports, airports, intermodal
 transportation facilities, major freight distribution routes, national parks,
 recreation areas, monuments and historic sites, and military installations.
 `(8) The need for connectivity of roads within the metropolitan area with
 roads outside the metropolitan area.
 `(9) The transportation needs identified through use of the management
 systems required by section 303 of this title.
 `(10) Preservation of rights-of-way for construction of future transportation
 projects, including identification of unused rights-of-way which may be
 needed for future transportation corridors and identification of those
 corridors for which action is most needed to prevent destruction or loss.
 `(11) Methods to enhance the efficient movement of freight.
 `(12) The use of life-cycle costs in the design and engineering of bridges,
 tunnels, or pavement.
 `(13) The overall social, economic, energy, and environmental effects of
 transportation decisions.
 `(14) Methods to expand and enhance transit services and to increase the
 use of such services.
 `(15) Capital investments that would result in increased security in
 transit systems.
 `(g) DEVELOPMENT OF LONG RANGE PLAN-
 `(1) IN GENERAL- Each metropolitan planning organization shall prepare, and
 update periodically, according to a schedule that the Secretary determines
 to be appropriate, a long range plan for its metropolitan area in accordance
 with the requirements of this subsection.
 `(2) LONG RANGE PLAN- A long range plan under this section shall be in a
 form that the Secretary determines to be appropriate and shall, at a minimum:
 `(A) Identify transportation facilities (including but not necessarily
 limited to major roadways, transit, and multimodal and intermodal facilities)
 that should function as an integrated metropolitan transportation system,
 giving emphasis to those facilities that serve important national and
 regional transportation functions. In formulating the long range plan,
 the metropolitan planning organization shall consider factors described in
 subsection (f) as such factors relate to a 20-year forecast period.
 `(B) Include a financial plan that demonstrates how the long-range plan can
 be implemented, indicates resources from public and private sources that are
 reasonably expected to be made available to carry out the plan, and recommends
 any innovative financing techniques to finance needed projects and programs,
 including such techniques as value capture, tolls and congestion pricing.
 `(C) Assess capital investment and other measures necessary to--
 `(i) ensure the preservation of the existing metropolitan transportation
 system, including requirements for operational improvements, resurfacing,
 restoration, and rehabilitation of existing and future major roadways,
 as well as operations, maintenance, modernization, and rehabilitation of
 existing and future transit facilities; and
 `(ii) make the most efficient use of existing transportation facilities to
 relieve vehicular congestion and maximize the mobility of people and goods.
 `(D) Indicate as appropriate proposed transportation enhancement activities.
 `(3) COORDINATION WITH CLEAN AIR ACT AGENCIES- In metropolitan areas which
 are in nonattainment for ozone or carbon monoxide under the Clean Air Act,
 the metropolitan planning organization shall coordinate the development of a
 long range plan with the process for development of the transportation control
 measures of the State implementation plan required by the Clean Air Act.
 `(4) PARTICIPATION BY INTERESTED PARTIES- Before approving a long range plan,
 each metropolitan planning organization shall provide citizens, affected
 public agencies, representatives of transportation agency employees,
 private providers of transportation, and other interested parties with a
 reasonable opportunity to comment on the long range plan, in a manner that
 the Secretary deems appropriate.
 `(5) PUBLICATION OF LONG RANGE PLAN- Each long range plan prepared by a
 metropolitan planning organization shall be--
 `(i) published or otherwise made readily available for public review; and
 `(ii) submitted for information purposes to the Governor at such times and
 in such manner as the Secretary shall establish.
 `(h) TRANSPORTATION IMPROVEMENT PROGRAM-
 `(1) DEVELOPMENT- The metropolitan planning organization designated for
 a metropolitan area, in cooperation with the State and affected transit
 operators, shall develop a transportation improvement program for the area
 for which such organization is designated. In developing the program, the
 metropolitan planning organization shall provide citizens, affected public
 agencies, representatives of transportation agency employees, other affected
 employee representatives, private providers of transportation, and other
 interested parties with a reasonable opportunity to comment on the proposed
 program. The program shall be updated at least once every 2 years and shall
 be approved by the metropolitan planning organization and the Governor.
 `(2) PRIORITY OF PROJECTS- The transportation improvement program shall
 include the following:
 `(A) A priority list of projects and project segments to be carried out
 within each 3-year period after the initial adoption of the transportation
 improvement program.
 `(B) A financial plan that demonstrates how the transportation improvement
 program can be implemented, indicates resources from public and private
 sources that are reasonably expected to be made available to carry out the
 plan, and recommends any innovative financing techniques to finance needed
 projects and programs, including value capture, tolls, and congestion pricing.
 `(3) SELECTION OF PROJECTS- Except as otherwise provided in subsection
 (i)(4), project selection in metropolitan areas for projects involving
 Federal participation shall be carried out by the State in cooperation
 with the metropolitan planning organization and shall be in conformance
 with the transportation improvement program for the area.
 `(4) MAJOR CAPITAL INVESTMENTS- Not later than 6 months after the date of
 the enactment of this section, the Secretary shall initiate a rulemaking
 proceeding to conform review requirements for transit projects under the
 National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 to comparable requirements under
 such Act applicable to highway projects. Nothing in this section shall be
 construed to affect the applicability of such Act to transit or highway
 projects.
 `(5) INCLUDED PROJECTS- A transportation improvement program for a
 metropolitan area developed under this subsection shall include projects
 within the area which are proposed for funding under this title and the
 Federal Transit Act and which are consistent with the long range plan
 developed under subsection (g) for the area. The program shall include
 a project, or an identified phase of a project, only if full funding can
 reasonably be anticipated to be available for the project within the time
 period contemplated for completion of the project.
 `(6) NOTICE AND COMMENT- Before approving a transportation improvement
 program, a metropolitan planning organization shall provide citizens, affected
 public agencies, representatives of transportation agency employees, private
 providers of transportation, and other interested parties with reasonable
 notice of and an opportunity to comment on the proposed program.
 `(i) TRANSPORTATION MANAGEMENT AREAS-
 `(1) DESIGNATION- The Secretary shall designate as transportation management
 areas all urbanized areas over 200,000 population. The Secretary shall
 designate any additional area as a transportation management area upon
 the request of the Governor and the metropolitan planning organization
 designated for such area or the affected local officials. Such additional
 areas shall include upon such a request the Lake Tahoe Basin as defined by
 Public Law 96-551.
 `(2) TRANSPORTATION PLANS AND PROGRAMS- Within a transportation management
 area, transportation plans and programs shall be based on a continuing and
 comprehensive transportation planning process carried out by the metropolitan
 planning organization in cooperation with the State and transit operators.
 `(3) CONGESTION MANAGEMENT SYSTEM- Within a transportation management area,
 the transportation planning process under this section shall include a
 congestion management system that provides for effective management of new
 and existing transportation facilities eligible for funding under this title
 and the Federal Transit Act through the use of travel demand reduction
 and operational management strategies. The Secretary shall establish an
 appropriate phase-in schedule for compliance with the requirements of
 this section.
 `(4) SELECTION OF PROJECTS- All projects carried out within the boundaries
 of a transportation management area with Federal participation pursuant to
 this title (excluding projects undertaken on the National Highway System
 and pursuant to the bridge and Interstate maintenance programs) or pursuant
 to the Federal Transit Act shall be selected by the metropolitan planning
 organization designated for such area in consultation with the State and in
 conformance with the transportation improvement program for such area and
 priorities established therein. Projects undertaken within the boundaries of
 a transportation management area on the National Highway System or pursuant
 to the bridge and Interstate maintenance programs shall be selected by the
 State in cooperation with the metropolitan planning organization designated
 for such area and shall be in conformance with the transportation improvement
 program for such area.
 `(5) CERTIFICATION- The Secretary shall assure that each metropolitan
 planning organization in each transportation management area is carrying
 out its responsibilities under applicable provisions of Federal law,
 and shall so certify at least once every 3 years. The Secretary may
 make such certification only if (1) a metropolitan planning organization
 is complying with the requirements of this section and other applicable
 requirements of Federal law, and (2) there is a transportation improvement
 program for the area that has been approved by the metropolitan planning
 organization and the Governor. If after September 30, 1993, a metropolitan
 planning organization is not certified by the Secretary, the Secretary may
 withhold, in whole or in part, the apportionment under section 104(b)(3)
 attributed to the relevant metropolitan area pursuant to section 133(d)(3)
 and capital funds apportioned under the formula program under section 9 of
 the Federal Transit Act. If a metropolitan planning organization remains
 uncertified for more than 2 consecutive years after September 30, 1994,
 20 percent of the apportionment attributed to that metropolitan area under
 section 133(d)(3) and capital funds apportioned under the formula program
 under section 9 of the Federal Transit Act shall be withheld. The withheld
 apportionments shall be restored to the metropolitan area at such time as
 the metropolitan planning organization is certified by the Secretary. The
 Secretary shall not withhold certification under this section based upon the
 policies and criteria established by a metropolitan planning organization or
 transit grant recipient for determining the feasibility of private enterprise
 participation in accordance with section 8(o) of the Federal Transit Act.
 `(j) ABBREVIATED PLANS AND PROGRAMS FOR CERTAIN AREAS- For metropolitan
 areas not designated as transportation management areas under this section,
 the Secretary may provide for the development of abbreviated metropolitan
 transportation plans and programs that the Secretary determines to be
 appropriate to achieve the purposes of this section, taking into account the
 complexity of transportation problems, including transportation related
 air quality problems, in such areas. In no event shall the Secretary
 provide abbreviated plans or programs for metropolitan areas which are in
 nonattainment for ozone or carbon monoxide under the Clean Air Act.
 `(k) TRANSFER OF FUNDS- Funds made available for a highway project under
 the Federal Transit Act shall be transferred to and administered by the
 Secretary in accordance with the requirements of this title. Funds made
 available for a transit project under the Federal-Aid Highway Act of 1991
 shall be transferred to and administered by the Secretary in accordance
 with the requirements of the Federal Transit Act.
 `(l) ADDITIONAL REQUIREMENTS FOR CERTAIN NONATTAINMENT AREAS- Notwithstanding
 any other provisions of this title or the Federal Transit Act, for
 transportation management areas classified as nonattainment for ozone or
 carbon monoxide pursuant to the Clean Air Act, Federal funds may not be
 programmed in such area for any highway project that will result in a
 significant increase in carrying capacity for single-occupant vehicles
 unless the project is part of an approved congestion management system.
 `(m) LIMITATION ON STATUTORY CONSTRUCTION- Nothing in this section shall be
 construed to confer on a metropolitan planning organization the authority
 to impose legal requirements on any transportation facility, provider,
 or project not eligible under this title or the Federal Transit Act.
 `(n) REPROGRAMMING OF SET ASIDE FUNDS- Any funds set aside pursuant to section
 104(f) of this title that are not used for the purpose of carrying out this
 section may be made available by the metropolitan planning organization to
 the State for the purpose of funding activities under section 135.'.
 (b) AMENDMENTS TO SECTION 104- Section 104(f) of title 23, United States
 Code, is amended--
 (1) in paragraph (1) by striking `one-half per centum' and inserting
 `1 percent';
 (2) in paragraph (1) by striking `the Federal-aid systems' and inserting
 `programs authorized under this title';
 (3) in paragraph (1) by striking `except that' and all that follows before
 the period and inserting `except that the amount from which such set aside
 is made shall not include funds authorized to be appropriated for the
 Interstate construction and Interstate substitute programs';
 (4) in paragraph (3) by striking `section 120' and inserting `section 120(j)';
 (5) in paragraph (4) by striking `and metropolitan area transportation
 needs' and inserting `attainment of air quality standards, metropolitan
 area transportation needs, and other factors necessary to provide for an
 appropriate distribution of funds to carry out the requirements of section
 134 and other applicable requirements of Federal law'; and
 (6) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
 `(5) DETERMINATION OF POPULATION FIGURES- For the purposes of determining
 population figures under this subsection, the Secretary shall use the most
 recent estimate published by the Secretary of Commerce.'.
 (c) CONFORMING AMENDMENTS-
 (1) The analysis of chapter 1 of title 23, United States Code, is amended
 by striking
`Sec. 134. Transportation planning in certain urban areas.'
and inserting
`Sec. 134. Metropolitan planning.'.
 (2) Section 104(f)(3) of title 23, United States Code, is amended by striking
 `designated by the State as being'.
SEC. 1025. STATEWIDE PLANNING.
 (a) IN GENERAL- Section 135 of title 23, United States Code, is amended to
 read as follows:
`Sec. 135. Statewide planning
 `(a) GENERAL REQUIREMENTS- It is in the national interest to encourage
 and promote the development of transportation systems embracing various
 modes of transportation in a manner that will serve all areas of the
 State efficiently and effectively. Subject to section 134 of this title,
 the State shall develop transportation plans and programs for all areas
 of the State. Such plans and programs shall provide for development of
 transportation facilities (including pedestrian walkways and bicycle
 transportation facilities) which will function as an intermodal State
 transportation system. The process for developing such plans and programs
 shall provide for consideration of all modes of transportation and shall
 be continuing, cooperative, and comprehensive to the degree appropriate,
 based on the complexity of the transportation problems.
 `(b) COORDINATION WITH METROPOLITAN PLANNING; STATE IMPLEMENTATION PLAN-
 In carrying out planning under this section, a State shall coordinate such
 planning with the transportation planning activities carried out under section
 134 of this title for metropolitan areas of the State and shall carry out
 its responsibilities for the development of the transportation portion of
 the State implementation plan to the extent required by the Clean Air Act.
 `(c) STATE PLANNING PROCESS- Each State shall undertake a continuous
 transportation planning process which shall, at a minimum, consider the
 following:
 `(1) The results of the management systems required pursuant to subsection
 (b).
 `(2) Any Federal, State, or local energy use goals, objectives, programs,
 or requirements.
 `(3) Strategies for incorporating bicycle transportation facilities and
 pedestrian walkways in projects where appropriate throughout the State.
 `(4) International border crossings and access to ports, airports,
 intermodal transportation facilities, major freight distribution routes,
 national parks, recreation and scenic areas, monuments and historic sites,
 and military installations.
 `(5) The transportation needs of nonmetropolitan areas through a process
 that includes consultation with local elected officials with jurisdiction
 over transportation.
 `(6) Any metropolitan area plan developed pursuant to section 134.
 `(7) Connectivity between metropolitan areas within the State and with
 metropolitan areas in other States.
 `(8) Recreational travel and tourism.
 `(9) Any State plan developed pursuant to the Federal Water Pollution
 Control Act.
 `(10) Transportation system management and investment strategies designed
 to make the most efficient use of existing transportation facilities.
 `(11) The overall social, economic, energy, and environmental effects of
 transportation decisions.
 `(12) Methods to reduce traffic congestion and to prevent traffic congestion
 from developing in areas where it does not yet occur, including methods
 which reduce motor vehicle travel, particularly single-occupant motor
 vehicle travel.
 `(13) Methods to expand and enhance transit services and to increase the
 use of such services.
 `(14) The effect of transportation decisions on land use and land development,
 including the need for consistency between transportation decisionmaking
 and the provisions of all applicable short-range and long-range land use
 and development plans.
 `(15) The transportation needs identified through use of the management
 systems required by section 303 of this title.
 `(16) Where appropriate, the use of innovative mechanisms for financing
 projects, including value capture pricing, tolls, and congestion pricing.
 `(17) Preservation of rights-of-way for construction of future transportation
 projects, including identification of unused rights-of-way which may be
 needed for future transportation corridors, and identify those corridors
 for which action is most needed to prevent destruction or loss.
 `(18) Long-range needs of the State transportation system.
 `(19) Methods to enhance the efficient movement of commercial motor vehicles.
 `(20) The use of life-cycle costs in the design and engineering of bridges,
 tunnels, or pavement.
 `(d) ADDITIONAL REQUIREMENTS- Each State in carrying out planning under
 this section shall, at a minimum, consider the following:
 `(1) The coordination of transportation plans and programs developed
 for metropolitan areas of the State under section 134 with the State
 transportation plans and programs developed under this section and the
 reconciliation of such plans and programs as necessary to ensure connectivity
 within transportation systems.
 `(2) Investment strategies to improve adjoining State and local roads
 that support rural economic growth and tourism development, Federal agency
 renewable resources management, and multipurpose land management practices,
 including recreation development.
 `(3) The concerns of Indian tribal governments having jurisdiction over
 lands within the boundaries of the State.
 `(e) LONG-RANGE PLAN- The State shall develop a long-range transportation
 plan for all areas of the State. With respect to metropolitan areas of the
 State, the plan shall be developed in cooperation with metropolitan planning
 organizations designated for metropolitan areas in the State under section
 134. With respect to areas of the State under the jurisdiction of an Indian
 tribal government, the plan shall be developed in cooperation with such
 government and the Secretary of the Interior. In developing the plan, the
 State shall provide citizens, affected public agencies, representatives of
 transportation agency employees, other affected employee representatives,
 private providers of transportation, and other interested parties with
 a reasonable opportunity to comment on the proposed plan. In addition,
 the State shall develop a long-range plan for bicycle transportation and
 pedestrian walkways for appropriate areas of the State which shall be
 incorporated into the long-range transportation plan.
 `(f) TRANSPORTATION IMPROVEMENT PROGRAM-
 `(1) DEVELOPMENT- The State shall develop a transportation improvement
 program for all areas of the State. With respect to metropolitan areas of
 the State, the program shall be developed in cooperation with metropolitan
 planning organizations designated for metropolitan areas in the State under
 section 134. In developing the program, the Governor shall provide citizens,
 affected public agencies, representatives of transportation agency employees,
 other affected employee representatives, private providers of transportation,
 and other interested parties with a reasonable opportunity to comment on
 the proposed program.
 `(2) INCLUDED PROJECTS- A transportation improvement program for a State
 developed under this subsection shall include projects within the boundaries
 of the State which are proposed for funding under this title and the Federal
 Transit Act, which are consistent with the long-range plan developed under
 this section for the State, which are consistent with the metropolitan
 transportation improvement program, and which in areas designated as
 nonattainment for ozone or carbon monoxide under the Clean Air Act conform
 with the applicable State implementation plan developed pursuant to the Clean
 Air Act. The program shall include a project, or an identified phase of a
 project, only if full funding can reasonably be anticipated to be available
 for such project within the time period contemplated for completion of the
 project. The program shall also reflect the priorities for programming and
 expenditures of funds, including transportation enhancements, required by
 this title.
 `(3) PROJECT SELECTION FOR AREAS LESS THAN 50,000 POPULATION- Projects
 undertaken in areas of less than 50,000 population (excluding projects
 undertaken on the National Highway System and pursuant to the bridge and
 Interstate maintenance programs) shall be selected by the State in cooperation
 with the affected local officials. Projects undertaken in such areas on the
 National Highway System or pursuant to the bridge and Interstate maintenance
 programs shall be selected by the State in consultation with the affected
 local officials.
 `(4) BIENNIAL REVIEW AND APPROVAL- A transportation improvement program
 developed under this subsection shall be reviewed and approved no less
 frequently than biennially by the Secretary.
 `(g) FUNDING- Funds set aside pursuant to section 307(c)(1) of title 23,
 United States Code, shall be available to carry out the requirements of
 this section.
 `(h) TREATMENT OF CERTAIN STATE LAWS AS CONGESTION MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS- For
 purposes of this section, section 134, and section 8 of the Federal Transit
 Act, United States Code, State laws, rules or regulations pertaining to
 congestion management systems or programs may constitute the congestion
 management system under this Act if the Secretary finds that the State
 laws, rules or regulations are consistent with, and fulfill the intent
 of, the purposes of this section, section 134 or section 8 of such Act,
 as appropriate.'.
 (b) CONFORMING AMENDMENT- The analysis for chapter 1 of such title is amended
 by striking the item relating to section 135 and inserting the following:
`135. Statewide planning.'.
SEC. 1026. NONDISCRIMINATION.
 (a) FUNDING OF HIGHWAY CONSTRUCTION TRAINING- Subsection (b) of section
 140 of title 23, United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the
 following new sentence: `Notwithstanding any other provision of law, not to
 exceed  1/4  of 1 percent of funds apportioned to a State for the surface
 transportation program under section 104(b) and the bridge program under
 section 144 may be available to carry out this subsection upon request of
 the State highway department to the Secretary.'.
 (b) ELIGIBILITY FOR TRAINING PROGRAMS- Subsections (b) and (c) of section
 140 of such title are each amended by inserting `Indian tribal government,'
 after `institution,'.
 (c) INDIAN EMPLOYMENT PREFERENCE- Section 140(d) of such title is amended
 by inserting after the first sentence the following new sentence: `States
 may implement a preference for employment of Indians on projects carried
 out under this title near Indian reservations.'.
SEC. 1027. PUBLIC TRANSPORTATION.
 (a) IMPROVED ACCESS BETWEEN INTERCITY AND RURAL BUS SERVICE- Section 142(a)(2)
 of title 23, United States Code, is amended--
 (1) by striking `, beginning with the fiscal year ending June 30, 1975,';
 (2) by striking `Federal-aid urban system,' the first place it appears and
 inserting `the surface transportation program'; and
 (3) by striking `104(b)(6)' the first place it appears and all that follows
 through the period at the end and inserting `104(b)(3) for carrying out any
 capital transit project eligible for assistance under the Federal Transit
 Act, capital improvement to provide access and coordination between intercity
 and rural bus service, and construction of facilities to provide connections
 between highway transportation and other modes of transportation.'.
 (b) ACCOMMODATION OF OTHER MODES- Section 142(c) of such title is amended
 to read as follows:
 `(c) ACCOMMODATION OF OTHER MODES OF TRANSPORTATION- The Secretary may approve
 as a project on any Federal-aid system for payment from sums apportioned
 under section 104(b) (other than section 104(b)(5)(A)) modifications to
 existing highway facilities on such system necessary to accommodate other
 modes of transportation if such modifications will not adversely affect
 automotive safety.'.
 (c) METROPOLITAN PLANNING- Section 142(d) of such title is amended to read
 as follows:
 `(d) METROPOLITAN PLANNING- Any project carried out under this section in
 an urbanized area shall be subject to the metropolitan planning requirements
 of section 134.'.
 (d) AVAILABILITY OF RIGHTS-OF-WAY- Section 142(g) of such title is amended
 to read as follows:
 `(g) AVAILABILITY OF RIGHTS-OF-WAY- In any case where sufficient land or
 air space exits within the publicly acquired rights-of-way of any highway,
 constructed in whole or in part with Federal-aid highway funds, to accommodate
 needed passenger, commuter, or high speed rail, magnetic levitation systems,
 and highway and nonhighway public mass transit facilities, the Secretary
 shall authorize a State to make such lands, air space, and rights-of-way
 available with or without charge to a publicly or privately owned authority
 or company or any other person for such purposes if such accommodation will
 not adversely affect automotive safety.'.
 (e) CONFORMING AMENDMENTS TO SECTION 142- Section 142 of such title is
 amended--
 (1) in subsection (e)(2) by striking `Federal-aid urban system' and inserting
 `surface transportation program';
 (2) by striking subsections (f) and (k);
 (3) by redesignating subsections (g), (h), (i), and (j) as subsections (f),
 (g), (h), and (i), respectively;
 (4) in subsection (g), as so redesignated, by striking `or subsection (c)
 of this section'; and
 (5) in each of subsections (h) and (i), as so redesignated, by striking
 `and subsection (c)'.
 (f) CONFORMING AMENDMENT TO SECTION 156- Section 156 of such title is
 amended by striking `States shall' and inserting `Subject to section 142(f),
 States shall'.
SEC. 1028. BRIDGE PROGRAM.
 (a) INVENTORY OF INDIAN RESERVATION AND PARK BRIDGES- Section 144(c) of
 title 23, United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following
 new paragraph:
 `(3) INVENTORY OF INDIAN RESERVATION AND PARK BRIDGES- As part of the
 activities carried out under paragraph (1), the Secretary, in consultation
 with the Secretary of the Interior, shall (A) inventory all those highway
 bridges on Indian reservation roads and park roads which are bridges over
 waterways, other topographical barriers, other highways, and railroads,
 (B) classify them according to serviceability, safety, and essentiality
 for public use, (C) based on the classification, assign each a priority for
 replacement or rehabilitation, and (D) determine the cost of replacing each
 such bridge with a comparable facility or of rehabilitating such bridge.'.
 (b) BRIDGE STRUCTURE PAINTING AND ACETATE APPLICATION- Section 144(d)
 of such title is amended--
 (1) by inserting after the first sentence the following new sentence:
 `Whenever any State makes application to the Secretary for assistance in
 painting and seismic retrofit, or applying calcium magnesium acetate to,
 the structure of a highway bridge, the Secretary may approve Federal
 participation in the painting or seismic retrofit of, or application of
 such acetate to, such structure.'; and
 (2) by inserting after `projects' the first place it appears in the last
 sentence the following: `(other than projects for bridge structure painting
 or seismic retrofit or application of such acetate)'.
 (c) FEDERAL SHARE- Section 144(f) of such title is amended by striking
 `highway bridge replaced or rehabilitated' and inserting `project'.
 (d) DISCRETIONARY BRIDGE PROGRAM- Section 144(g)(1) of such title is amended
 to read as follows:
 `(1) DISCRETIONARY BRIDGE PROGRAM- Of the amounts authorized for each
 of fiscal years 1992, 1993, 1994, 1995, 1996, and 1997 by section 103
 of the Intermodal Surface Transportation Efficiency Act of 1991, all but
 $57,000,000 in the case of fiscal year 1992, $68,000,000 in the case of
 fiscal years 1993 and 1994, and $69,000,000 in the case of fiscal years 1995,
 1996, and 1997 shall be apportioned as provided in subsection (e) of this
 section. $49,000,000 in the case of fiscal year 1992, $59,500,000 in the case
 of fiscal years 1993 and 1994, and $60,500,000 in the case of fiscal years
 1995, 1996, and 1997 of the amount authorized for each of such fiscal years
 shall be available for obligation on the date of each such apportionment in
 the same manner and to the same extent as the sums apportioned on such date,
 except that the obligation of $49,000,000 in the case of fiscal year 1992,
 $59,500,000 in the case of fiscal years 1993 and 1994, and $60,500,000 in
 the case of fiscal years 1995, 1996, and 1997 shall be at the discretion
 of the Secretary, and $8,500,000 per fiscal year ($8,000,000 in the case
 of fiscal year 1992) of the amount authorized for each of such fiscal years
 shall be available in accordance with section 1039 of the Intermodal Surface
 Transportation Efficiency Act of 1991, relating to highway timber bridges.'.
 (e) OFF-SYSTEM BRIDGES-
 (1) ALLOCATION OF FUNDS- Section 144(g)(3) of such title is amended--
 (A) by striking `and 1991' and inserting `1991, 1992, 1993, 1994, 1995,
 1996, and 1997'; and
 (B) by striking `or rehabilitate' and inserting `, rehabilitate, paint or
 seismic retrofit, or apply calcium magnesium acetate to'.
 (2) APPLICABILITY OF STATE STANDARDS FOR PROJECTS- Section 144 of such
 title is amended by redesignating subsection (p) as subsection (q) and by
 inserting after subsection (o) the following new subsection:
 `(p) APPLICABILITY OF STATE STANDARDS FOR PROJECTS- A project not on a
 Federal-aid highway under this section shall be designed, constructed,
 operated, and maintained in accordance with State laws, regulations,
 directives, safety standards, design standards, and construction standards.'.
 (f) SET-ASIDE FOR INDIAN RESERVATION BRIDGES- Section 144(g) of this title
 is amended by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
 `(4) INDIAN RESERVATION BRIDGES- Not less than 1 percent of the amount
 apportioned to each State which has an Indian reservation within its
 boundaries for each fiscal year shall be expended for projects to replace,
 rehabilitate, paint, or apply calcium magnesium acetate to highway
 bridges located on Indian reservation roads. Upon determining a State
 bridge apportionment and before transferring funds to the States, the
 Secretary shall transfer the Indian reservation bridge allocation under
 this paragraph to the Secretary of the Interior for expenditure pursuant
 to this paragraph. The Secretary, after consultation with State and Indian
 tribal government officials and with the concurrence of the Secretary of
 the Interior, may, with respect to such State, reduce the requirement for
 expenditure for bridges under this paragraph when the Secretary determines
 that there are inadequate needs to justify such expenditure. The non-Federal
 share payable on account of such a project may be provided from funds made
 available for Indian reservation roads under chapter 2 of this title.'.
 (g) TRANSFERABILITY OF BRIDGE APPORTIONMENTS- Section 104(g) of such title
 is amended by inserting before the last sentence the following new sentence:
 `A State may transfer not to exceed 40 percent of the State's apportionment
 under section 144 in any fiscal year to the apportionment of such State
 under subsection (b)(1) or subsection (b)(3) of this section. Any transfer
 to subsection (b)(3) shall not be subject to section 133(d).'.
SEC. 1029. NATIONAL MAXIMUM SPEED LIMIT COMPLIANCE PROGRAM.
 (a) PERMANENT EXTENSION OF 65 MPH SPEED LIMIT DEMONSTRATION PROGRAM- Section
 154(a) of title 23, United States Code, is amended by striking `Clause
 (3)' and inserting `Clause (4)' and by striking `or (3)' and inserting the
 following: `(3) a maximum speed limit in excess of 65 miles per hour on
 any highway within its jurisdiction located outside an urbanized area of
 50,000 population or more (A) which is constructed to interstate standards
 in accordance with section 109(b) of this title and connected to a highway
 on the Interstate System, (B) which is a divided 4-lane fully controlled
 access highway designed or constructed to connect to a highway on the
 Interstate System posted at 65 miles per hour and constructed to design
 and construction standards as determined by the Secretary which provide a
 facility adequate for a speed limit of 65 miles per hour, or (C) which is
 constructed to the geometric and construction standards adequate for current
 and probable future traffic demands and for the needs of the locality and is
 designated by the Secretary as part of the Interstate System in accordance
 with section 139(c) of this title, or (4)'.
 (b) COLLECTION OF DATA- Section 154(e) of such title is amended--
 (1) by striking `fifty-five miles per hour on public highways with speed
 limits posted at fifty-five miles per hour' and inserting `the speed limit
 on maximum speed limit highways'; and
 (2) by adding at the end the following: `Such data shall include, but
 not be limited to, data on citations, travel speeds, and the posted speed
 limit and the design characteristics of roads from which such travel speed
 data are gathered. The Secretary shall issue regulations which ensure (1)
 that the monitoring programs conducted by the States to collect data for
 purposes of this subsection are uniform, (2) that devices and equipment
 under such programs are placed at locations on maximum speed limit highways
 on a scientifically random basis which takes into account the relative
 risk, as determined by the Secretary, of motor vehicle accidents occurring
 considering the classes of such highways and the speeds at which vehicles
 are traveling on such classes of highways, and (3) that the data submitted
 under this subsection will be in such form as the Secretary determines is
 necessary to carry out this section.'.
 (c) ENFORCEMENT-
 (1) PROPOSED RULE- Not later than 1 year after the date of the enactment of
 this Act, the Secretary shall publish in the Federal Register a proposed rule
 to establish speed limit enforcement requirements which, at a minimum, shall--
 (A) provide for the transfer of apportionments under section 104(b) of
 title 23, United States Code (other than paragraph (5)), if a State fails
 to enforce speed limits in accordance with this section and such rule; and
 (B) include a formula for determining compliance with the requirements of
 this section and such rule which--
 (i) assigns a greater weight for violations of such speed limits in
 proportion to the amount by which the speed of the motor vehicle exceeds
 the speed limit; and
 (ii) differentiates between the type of road on which the violations occur.
 (2) FACTORS TO CONSIDER- In developing the compliance formula in accordance
 with paragraph (1), the Secretary shall consider factors relating to the
 enforcement efforts made by the States and data concerning fatalities and
 serious injuries occurring on roads to which subsection (a) applies and
 any other factors relating to speed limit enforcement and speed-related
 highway safety trends which the Secretary determines appropriate.
 (3) FINAL RULE- Not later than 60 days after the date of publication of
 the proposed rule under paragraph (1), the Secretary shall publish in the
 Federal Register a final rule which meets the requirements of paragraph
 (1) and which shall take effect no later than 12 months after the date of
 its publication in the Federal Register.
 (d) ADMINISTRATION- The Secretary shall carry out sections 154 and 141(a)
 of title 23, United States Code, through the National Highway Traffic Safety
 Administration and the Federal Highway Administration.
 (e) ANNUAL REPORT- Section 154 of title 23, United States Code, is amended
 by adding at the end the following new subsection:
 `(i) ANNUAL REPORT- The Secretary shall transmit to Congress an annual
 report on travel speeds of motor vehicles on roads subject to subsection
 (a), State enforcement efforts with respect to speeding violations on such
 roads, and speed-related highway safety statistics.'.
 (f) ENFORCEMENT MORATORIUM- No State shall be subject under section 141 or
 154 of title 23, United States Code, to withholding of apportionments for
 failure to comply in fiscal years 1990 and 1991 with section 154 of such
 title, as in effect on the day before the date of the enactment of this Act,
 or section 141(a) of such title.
 (g) REPEAL OF OBSOLETE ENFORCEMENT PROVISIONS- On the 730th day following
 the date of the enactment of this Act, subsections (f), (g), and (h) of
 section 154 of title 23, United States Code, are repealed.
SEC. 1030. ROAD SEALING ON INDIAN RESERVATION ROADS.
 Section 204(c) of title 23, United States Code, is amended by adding at the
 end the following new sentences: `Notwithstanding any other provision of
 this title, Indian reservation roads under the jurisdiction of the Bureau of
 Indian Affairs of the Department of the Interior shall be eligible to expend
 not more than 15 percent funds apportioned for Indian reservation roads
 from the Highway Trust Fund for the purpose of road sealing projects. The
 Bureau of Indian Affairs shall continue to retain responsibility, including
 annual funding request responsibility, for road maintenance programs on
 Indian reservations.'.
SEC. 1031. USE OF SAFETY BELTS AND MOTORCYCLE HELMETS.
 (a) PROGRAM-
 (1) IN GENERAL- Chapter 1 of title 23, United States Code, is amended by
 inserting after section 152 the following new section:
`Sec. 153. Use of safety belts and motorcycle helmets
 `(a) AUTHORITY TO MAKE GRANTS- The Secretary may make grants to a State in
 a fiscal year in accordance with this section if the State has in effect
 in such fiscal year--
 `(1) a law which makes unlawful throughout the State the operation of a
 motorcycle if any individual on the motorcycle is not wearing a motorcycle
 helmet; and
 `(2) a law which makes unlawful throughout the State the operation of a
 passenger vehicle whenever an individual in a front seat of the vehicle
 (other than a child who is secured in a child restraint system) does not
 have a safety belt properly fastened about the individual's body.
 `(b) USE OF GRANTS- A grant made to a State under this section shall be
 used to adopt and implement a traffic safety program to carry out the
 following purposes:
 `(1) EDUCATION- To educate the public about motorcycle and passenger vehicle
 safety and motorcycle helmet, safety belt, and child restraint system use
 and to involve public health education agencies and other related agencies
 in these efforts.
 `(2) TRAINING- To train law enforcement officers in the enforcement of
 State laws described in subsection (a).
 `(3) MONITORING- To monitor the rate of compliance with State laws described
 in subsection (a).
 `(4) ENFORCEMENT- To enforce State laws described in subsection (a).
 `(c) MAINTENANCE OF EFFORT- A grant may not be made to a State under this
 section in any fiscal year unless the State enters into such agreements
 with the Secretary as the Secretary may require to ensure that the State
 will maintain its aggregate expenditures from all other sources for any
 traffic safety program described in subsection (b) at or above the average
 level of such expenditures in the State's 2 fiscal years preceding the date
 of the enactment of this section.
 `(d) FEDERAL SHARE- A State may not receive a grant under this section in
 more than 3 fiscal years. The Federal share payable for a grant under this
 section shall not exceed--
 `(1) in the first fiscal year the State receives a grant, 75 percent of the
 cost of implementing in such fiscal year a traffic safety program described
 in subsection (b);
 `(2) in the second fiscal year the State receives a grant, 50 percent of
 the cost of implementing in such fiscal year such traffic safety program; and
 `(3) in the third fiscal year the State receives a grant, 25 percent of
 the cost of implementing in such fiscal year such traffic safety program.
 `(e) MAXIMUM AGGREGATE AMOUNT OF GRANTS- The aggregate amount of grants
 made to a State under this section shall not exceed 90 percent of the amount
 apportioned to such State for fiscal year 1990 under section 402.
 `(f) ELIGIBILITY FOR GRANTS-
 `(1) GENERAL RULE- A State is eligible in a fiscal year for a grant under
 this section only if the State enters into such agreements with the Secretary
 as the Secretary may require to ensure that the State implements in such
 fiscal year a traffic safety program described in subsection (b).
 `(2) SECOND-YEAR GRANTS- A State is eligible for a grant under this section
 in a fiscal year succeeding the first fiscal year in which a State receives
 a grant under this section only if the State in the preceding fiscal year--
 `(A) had in effect at all times a State law described in subsection (a)(1) and
 achieved a rate of compliance with such law of not less than 75 percent; and
 `(B) had in effect at all times a State law described in subsection (a)(2)
 and achieved a rate of compliance with such law of not less than 50 percent.
 `(3) THIRD-YEAR GRANTS- A State is eligible for a grant under this section
 in a fiscal year succeeding the second fiscal year in which a State receives
 a grant under this section only if the State in the preceding fiscal year--
 `(A) had in effect at all times a State law described in subsection (a)(1) and
 achieved a rate of compliance with such law of not less than 85 percent; and
 `(B) had in effect at all times a State law described in subsection (a)(2)
 and achieved a rate of compliance with such law of not less than 70 percent.
 `(g) MEASUREMENTS OF RATES OF COMPLIANCE- For the purposes of subsections
 (f)(2) and (f)(3), a State shall measure compliance with State laws described
 in subsection (a) using methods which conform to guidelines issued by the
 Secretary ensuring that such measurements are accurate and representative.
 `(h) PENALTY-
 `(1) FISCAL YEAR 1994- If, at any time in fiscal year 1994, a State does not
 have in effect a law described in subsection (a)(1) and a law described in
 subsection (a)(2), the Secretary shall transfer 1 1/2  percent of the funds
 apportioned to the State for fiscal year 1995 under each of subsections
 (b)(1), (b)(2), and (b)(3) of section 104 of this title to the apportionment
 of the State under section 402 of this title.
 `(2) THEREAFTER- If, at any time in a fiscal year beginning after September
 30, 1994, a State does not have in effect a law described in subsection
 (a)(1) and a law described in subsection (a)(2), the Secretary shall transfer
 3 percent of the funds apportioned to the State for the succeeding fiscal
 year under each of subsections (b)(1), (b)(2), and (b)(3) of section 104 of
 this title to the apportionment of the State under section 402 of this title.
 `(3) FEDERAL SHARE- The Federal share of the cost of any project carried
 out under section 402 with funds transferred to the apportionment of section
 402 shall be 100 percent.
 `(4) TRANSFER OF OBLIGATION AUTHORITY- If the Secretary transfers under this
 subsection any funds to the apportionment of a State under section 402 for a
 fiscal year, the Secretary shall allocate an amount of obligation authority
 distributed for such fiscal year to the State for Federal-aid highways and
 highway safety construction programs for carrying out only projects under
 section 402 which is determined by multiplying--
 `(A) the amount of funds transferred to the apportionment of section 402
 of the State under section 402 for such fiscal year; by
 `(B) the ratio of the amount of obligation authority distributed for
 such fiscal year to the State for Federal-aid highways and highway safety
 construction programs to the total of the sums apportioned to the State
 for Federal-aid highways and highway safety construction (excluding sums
 not subject to any obligation limitation) for such fiscal year.
 `(5) LIMITATION ON APPLICABILITY OF HIGHWAY SAFETY OBLIGATIONS-
 Notwithstanding any other provision of law, no limitation on the total of
 obligations for highway safety programs carried out by the Federal Highway
 Administration under section 402 shall apply to funds transferred under
 this subsection to the apportionment of section 402.
 `(i) DEFINITIONS- For the purposes of this section, the following definitions
 apply:
 `(1) MOTORCYCLE- The term `motorcycle' means a motor vehicle which is
 designed to travel on not more than 3 wheels in contact with the surface.
 `(2) MOTOR VEHICLE- The term `motor vehicle' has the meaning such term has
 under section 154 of this title.
 `(3) PASSENGER VEHICLE- The term `passenger vehicle' means a motor vehicle
 which is designed for transporting 10 individuals or less, including the
 driver, except that such term does not include a vehicle which is constructed
 on a truck chassis, a motorcycle, a trailer, or any motor vehicle which is
 not required on the date of the enactment of this section under a Federal
 motor vehicle safety standard to be equipped with a belt system.
 `(4) SAFETY BELT- The term `safety belt' means--
 `(A) with respect to open-body passenger vehicles, including convertibles,
 an occupant restraint system consisting of a lap belt or a lap belt and a
 detachable shoulder belt; and
 `(B) with respect to other passenger vehicles, an occupant restraint system
 consisting of integrated lap shoulder belts.
 `(j) AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS- There is authorized to be appropriated
 out of the Highway Trust Fund (other than the Mass Transit Account) to carry
 out this section $17,000,000 for fiscal year 1992. From sums made available
 to carry out section 402 of this title, the Secretary shall make available
 $17,000,000 for fiscal year 1992 and $24,000,000 for each of fiscal years
 1993 and 1994 to carry out this section.
 `(k) APPLICABILITY OF CHAPTER 1 PROVISIONS- All provisions of this
 chapter that are applicable to National Highway System funds, other than
 provisions relating to the apportionment formula and provisions limiting
 the expenditures of such funds to Federal-aid systems, shall apply to funds
 authorized to be appropriated to carry out this section, except as determined
 by the Secretary to be inconsistent with this section and except that sums
 authorized by this section shall remain available until expended.'.
 (2) CONFORMING AMENDMENT- The analysis for chapter 1 of such title is amended
 by inserting after the item relating to section 152 the following new item:
`153. Use of safety belts and motorcycle helmets.'.
 (b) STUDY-
 (1) IN GENERAL- The Secretary shall conduct a study or studies to determine
 the benefits of safety belt use and motorcycle helmet use for individuals
 involved in motor vehicle crashes and motorcycle crashes, collecting and
 analyzing data from regional trauma systems regarding differences in the
 following: the severity of injuries; acute, rehabilitative and long-term
 medical costs, including the sources of reimbursement and the extent to which
 these sources cover actual costs; government, employer, and other costs;
 and mortality and morbidity outcomes. The study shall cover a representative
 period after January 1, 1990.
 (2) REPORT- The Secretary shall make public a proposed report on the results
 of the study or studies conducted under this subsection, provide a period
 of 90 days for public comment on such report, consider such comments,
 and transmit to Congress a report on the results of such study or studies,
 together with a summary of such comments, not later than 40 months after
 the funds for such study are made available by the Secretary.
 (3) FUNDING- Of the amounts authorized to be appropriated for fiscal year
 1992 or 1993 (or both) to carry out section 153 of title 23, United States
 Code, the Secretary shall make available $5,000,000 in the aggregate in
 such fiscal years to carry out this subsection. Such funds shall remain
 available until expended.
SEC. 1032. FEDERAL LANDS HIGHWAYS PROGRAM.
 (a) ALLOCATIONS- Section 202 of title 23, United States Code, is amended--
 (1) by striking subsection (a);
 (2) by redesignating subsections (b), (c), (d), and (e) as subsections (a),
 (b), (c), and (d), respectively;
 (3) by inserting after `allocate' in subsection (b), as so redesignated,
 `34 percent of'; and
 (4) by striking the period at the end of subsection (b), as so redesignated,
 and inserting the following: `which are proposed by a State which contains
 at least 3 percent of the total public lands in the Nation. The Secretary
 shall allocate 66 percent of the remainder of the authorization for public
 lands highways for each fiscal year as is provided in section 134 of the
 Federal-Aid Highway Act of 1987, and with respect to these allocations the
 Secretary shall give equal consideration to projects that provide access
 to and within the National Forest System, as identified by the Secretary
 of Agriculture through renewable resources and land use planning and the
 impact of such planning on existing transportation facilities.'.
 (b) PROJECTS- Section 204 of such title is amended--
 (1) in subsection (a) by striking `forest highways,' and by adding at the end
 of such subsection the following new sentences: `The Secretary, in cooperation
 with the Secretary of the Interior and the Secretary of Agriculture, shall
 develop appropriate transportation planning procedures and safety, bridge,
 and pavement management systems for roads funded under the Federal Lands
 Highway Program. Notwithstanding any other provision of this title, no public
 lands highway project may be undertaken in any State pursuant to this section
 unless the State concurs in the selection and planning of the project.';
 (2) in subsection (b)--
 (A) by striking `construction and improvements thereof' and inserting
 `planning, research, engineering and construction thereof';
 (B) by striking `forest highways and'; and
 (C) by adding at the end the following new sentence: `Funds available
 for each class of Federal lands highways shall be available for any kind
 of transportation project eligible for assistance under this title that
 is within or adjacent to or provides access to the areas served by the
 particular class of Federal lands highways.';
 (3) in subsection (c) by striking `on a Federal-aid system' and inserting
 `eligible for funds apportioned under section 104 or section 144 of this
 title'; and
 (4) by striking subsection (h) and inserting the following new subsections:
 `(h) ELIGIBLE PROJECTS- Funds available for each class of Federal lands
 highways may be available for the following:
 `(1) Transportation planning for tourism and recreational travel including
 the National Forest Scenic Byways Program, Bureau of Land Management Back
 Country Byways Program, National Trail System Program, and other similar
 Federal programs that benefit recreational development.
 `(2) Adjacent vehicular parking areas.
 `(3) Interpretive signage.
 `(4) Acquisition of necessary scenic easements and scenic or historic sites.
 `(5) Provision for pedestrians and bicycles.
 `(6) Construction and reconstruction of roadside rest areas including
 sanitary and water facilities.
 `(7) Other appropriate public road facilities such as visitor centers as
 determined by the Secretary.
 `(i) TRANSFERS TO SECRETARY OF THE INTERIOR- The Secretary shall transfer
 to the Secretary of the Interior from the appropriation for public land
 highways amounts as may be needed to cover necessary administrative costs
 of the Bureau of Land Management in connection with public lands highways.
 `(j) INDIAN RESERVATION ROADS PLANNING- Up to 2 percent of funds made
 available for Indian reservation roads for each fiscal year shall be
 allocated to those Indian tribal governments applying for transportation
 planning pursuant to the provisions of the Indian Self-Determination and
 Education Assistance Act. The Indian tribal government, in cooperation with
 the Secretary of the Interior, and, as may be appropriate, with a State,
 local government, or metropolitan planning organization, shall develop a
 transportation improvement program, that includes all Indian reservation
 road projects proposed for funding. Projects shall be selected by the Indian
 tribal government from the transportation improvement program and shall be
 subject to the approval of the Secretary of the Interior and the Secretary.'.
 (c) FOREST DEVELOPMENT ROADS AND TRAILS- Section 205(c) of such title is
 amended by striking `$15,000' each place it appears and inserting `$50,000'.
 (d) INDIAN RESERVATION ROADS- Notwithstanding any other provision of law,
 funds allocated for Indian reservation roads may be used for the purpose
 of funding road projects on roads of tribally controlled postsecondary
 vocational institutions.
 (e) REPORT- The Secretary shall undertake a study to determine if the method
 for allocating funds authorized for Federal lands highways is adequate to
 meet the relative transportation needs of the Federal lands served. The report
 shall be submitted within 2 years of the date of the enactment of this Act.
 (f) CONFORMING AMENDMENTS- Section 203 of title 23, United States Code,
 is amended by striking `forest highways' each place it appears.
SEC. 1033. BICYCLE TRANSPORTATION AND PEDESTRIAN WALKWAYS.
 Section 217 of title 23, United States Code, is amended to read as follows:
`Sec. 217. Bicycle transportation and pedestrian walkways
 `(a) USE OF STP AND CONGESTION MITIGATION PROGRAM FUNDS- Subject to project
 approval by the Secretary, a State may obligate funds apportioned to it
 under sections 104(b)(2) and 104(b)(3) of this title for construction of
 pedestrian walkways and bicycle transportation facilities and for carrying
 out nonconstruction projects related to safe bicycle use.
 `(b) USE OF NATIONAL HIGHWAY SYSTEM FUNDS- Subject to project approval by
 the Secretary, a State may obligate funds apportioned to it under section
 104(b)(1) of this title for construction of bicycle transportation facilities
 on land adjacent to any highway on the National Highway System (other than
 the Interstate System).
 `(c) USE OF FEDERAL LANDS HIGHWAY FUNDS- Funds authorized for forest highways,
 forest development roads and trails, public lands development roads and
 trails, park roads, parkways, Indian reservation roads, and public lands
 highways shall be available, at the discretion of the department charged
 with the administration of such funds, for the construction of pedestrian
 walkways and bicycle transportation facilities in conjunction with such
 trails, roads, highways, and parkways.
 `(d) STATE BICYCLE AND PEDESTRIAN COORDINATORS- Each State receiving an
 apportionment under sections 104(b)(2) and 104(b)(3) of this title shall use
 such amount of the apportionment as may be necessary to fund in the State
 department of transportation a position of bicycle and pedestrian coordinator
 for promoting and facilitating the increased use of nonmotorized modes of
 transportation, including developing facilities for the use of pedestrians
 and bicyclists and public education, promotional, and safety programs for
 using such facilities.
 `(e) BRIDGES- In any case where a highway bridge deck being replaced
 or rehabilitated with Federal financial participation is located on a
 highway, other than a highway access to which is fully controlled, on
 which bicycles are permitted to operate at each end of such bridge, and
 the Secretary determines that the safe accommodation of bicycles can be
 provided at reasonable cost as part of such replacement or rehabilitation,
 then such bridge shall be so replaced or rehabilitated as to provide such
 safe accommodations.
 `(f) FEDERAL SHARE- For all purposes of this title, construction of a
 pedestrian walkway and a bicycle transportation facility shall be deemed
 to be a highway project and the Federal share payable on account of such
 construction shall be 80 percent.
 `(g) PLANNING- Pedestrian walkways and bicycle transportation facilities to
 be constructed under this section shall be located and designed pursuant to
 an overall plan to be developed by each metropolitan planning organization
 and State and incorporated into their comprehensive annual long-range plans
 in accordance with sections 134 and 135 of this title, respectively. Such
 plans shall provide due consideration for safety and contiguous routes.
 `(h) USE OF MOTORIZED VEHICLES- No motorized vehicles shall be permitted
 on trails and pedestrian walkways under this section, except for--
 `(1) maintenance purposes;
 `(2) when snow conditions and State or local regulations permit, snowmobiles;
 `(3) when State and local regulations permit, motorized wheelchairs; and
 `(4) such other circumstances as the Secretary deems appropriate.
 `(i) TRANSPORTATION PURPOSE- No bicycle project may be carried out under
 this section unless the Secretary has determined that such bicycle project
 will be principally for transportation, rather than recreation, purposes.
 `(j) BICYCLE TRANSPORTATION FACILITY DEFINED- For purposes of this section,
 a `bicycle transportation facility' means new or improved lanes, paths,
 or shoulders for use by bicyclists, traffic control devices, shelters,
 and parking facilities for bicycles.'.
SEC. 1034. MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS.
 (a) IN GENERAL- Chapter 3 of title 23, United States Code, is amended by
 inserting after section 302 the following new section:
`Sec. 303. Management systems
 `(a) REGULATIONS- Not later than 1 year after the date of the enactment of
 this section, the Secretary shall issue regulations for State development,
 establishment, and implementation of a system for managing each of the
 following:
 `(1) Highway pavement of Federal-aid highways.
 `(2) Bridges on and off Federal-aid highways.
 `(3) Highway safety.
 `(4) Traffic congestion.
 `(5) Public transportation facilities and equipment.
 `(6) Intermodal transportation facilities and systems.
In metropolitan areas, such systems shall be developed and implemented in
cooperation with metropolitan planning organizations. Such regulations
may include a compliance schedule for development, establishment, and
implementation of each such system and minimum standards for each such system.
 `(b) TRAFFIC MONITORING- Not later than 1 year after the date of the enactment
 of this section, the Secretary shall issue guidelines and requirements for the
 State development, establishment, and implementation of a traffic monitoring
 system for highways and public transportation facilities and equipment.
 `(c) STATE REQUIREMENTS- The Secretary may withhold up to 10 percent of
 the funds apportioned under this title and under the Federal Transit Act
 for any fiscal year beginning after September 30, 1995, to any State and
 any recipient of assistance under such Act in the State unless, in the
 preceding fiscal year, the State was implementing each of the management
 systems described in subsection (a) and, before January 1 of the preceding
 fiscal year, the State certified, in writing, to the Secretary, that the State
 was implementing each of such management systems in the preceding fiscal year.
 `(d) PROCEDURAL REQUIREMENTS- In developing and implementing a management
 system under this section, each State shall cooperate with metropolitan
 planning organizations for urbanized areas of the State and affected agencies
 receiving assistance under the Federal Transit Act and shall consider the
 results of the management systems in making project selection decisions
 under this title and under such Act.
 `(e) INTERMODAL REQUIREMENTS- The management system required under this
 section for intermodal transportation facilities and systems shall provide
 for improvement and integration of all of a State's transportation systems
 and shall include methods of achieving the optimum yield from such systems,
 methods for increasing productivity in the State, methods for increasing
 use of advanced technologies, and methods to encourage the use of innovative
 marketing techniques, such as just-in-time deliveries.
 `(f) ANNUAL REPORT- Not later than January 1 of each calendar year beginning
 after December 31, 1992, the Secretary shall transmit to Congress a report
 on the progress being made by the Secretary and the States in carrying out
 this section.
 `(g) FUNDING- Subject to project approval by the Secretary, a State may
 obligate funds apportioned after September 30, 1991, under subsections
 (b)(1), (b)(2), and (b)(3) of section 104 of this title for developing
 and establishing management systems required by this section and funds
 apportioned under section 144 of this title for developing and establishing
 the bridge management system required by this section.
 `(h) REVIEW OF REGULATIONS- Not later than 10 days after the date of issuance
 of any regulation under this section, the Secretary shall transmit a copy
 of such regulation to Congress for review.'.
 (b) CONFORMING AMENDMENT- The analysis for chapter 3 of such title is amended
 by inserting after the item relating to section 302 the following new item:
`303. Management systems.'.
SEC. 1035. LIMITATION ON DISCOVERY OF CERTAIN REPORTS AND SURVEYS.
 (a) IN GENERAL- Section 409 of title 23, United States Code, is amended--
 (1) by striking the section heading and inserting the following:
-`Sec. 409. Discovery and admission as evidence of certain reports and
surveys'; and
 (2) by striking `admitted into evidence in Federal or State court' and
 inserting `subject to discovery or admitted into evidence in a Federal or
 State court proceeding'.
 (b) CONFORMING AMENDMENT- The analysis for chapter 4 of such title is amended
 by striking the item relating to section 409 and inserting the following:
`409. Discovery and admission as evidence of certain reports and surveys.'.
SEC. 1036. NATIONAL HIGH-SPEED GROUND TRANSPORTATION PROGRAMS.
 (a) DECLARATION OF POLICY- Section 302 of title 49, United States Code,
 is amended by adding at the end the following new subsection:
 `(d)(1) It is the policy of the United States to promote the construction
 and commercialization of high-speed ground transportation systems by--
 `(A) conducting economic and technological research;
 `(B) demonstrating advancements in high-speed ground transportation
 technologies;
 `(C) establishing a comprehensive policy for the development of such systems
 and the effective integration of the various high-speed ground transportation
 technologies; and
 `(D) minimizing the long-term risks of investors.
 `(2) It is the policy of the United States to establish in the shortest time
 practicable a United States designed and constructed magnetic levitation
 transportation technology capable of operating along Federal-aid highway
 rights-of-way, as part of a national transportation system of the United
 States.'.
 (b) NATIONAL MAGNETIC LEVITATION PROTOTYPE DEVELOPMENT PROGRAM-
 (1) MANAGEMENT OF PROGRAM- There is hereby established a national magnetic
 levitation prototype development program to be managed by a program director
 appointed jointly by the Secretary and the Assistant Secretary of the
 Army for Civil Works (hereinafter in this subsection referred to as the
 `Assistant Secretary'). To carry out such program, the Secretary and the
 Assistant Secretary shall establish a national maglev joint project office
 (hereinafter in this subsection referred to as the `Maglev Project Office'),
 which shall be headed by the program director, and shall enter into such
 arrangements as may be necessary for funding, staffing, office space, and
 other requirements that will allow the Maglev Project Office to carry out
 its functions. In carrying out such program, the program director shall
 consult with appropriate Federal officials, including the Secretary of
 Energy and the Administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency.
 (2) PHASE ONE CONTRACTS-
 (A) REQUEST FOR PROPOSALS- Not later than 12 months after the date of the
 enactment of this Act, the Maglev Project Office shall release a request
 for proposals for development of conceptual designs for a maglev system
 and for research to facilitate the development of such conceptual designs.
 (B) AWARD OF CONTRACTS- Not later than 15 months after the date of the
 enactment of this Act, the Secretary and the Assistant Secretary shall,
 based on the recommendations of the program director, award 1-year contracts
 for research and development to no fewer than 5 eligible applicants. If
 fewer than 5 complete applications have been received, contracts shall be
 awarded to as many eligible applicants as is practical.
 (C) FACTORS AND CONDITIONS TO BE CONSIDERED- The Secretary and the
 Assistant Secretary may approve contracts under subparagraph (B) only
 after consideration of factors relating to the construction and operation
 of a magnetic levitation system, including the cost-effectiveness, ease
 of maintenance, safety, limited environmental impact, ability to achieve
 sustained high speeds, ability to operate along the Interstate highway
 rights-of-way, the potential for the guideway design to be a national
 standard, the applicant's resources, capabilities, and history of successfully
 designing and developing systems of similar complexity, and the desirability
 of geographic diversity among contractors and only if the applicant agrees
 to submit a report to the Maglev Project Office detailing the results of
 the research and development and agrees to provide for matching of the phase
 one contract at a 90 percent Federal, 10 percent non-Federal, cost share.
 (3) PHASE TWO CONTRACTS- Within 3 months of receiving the final reports of
 contract activities under paragraph (2), and based only on such reports
 and the recommendations of the program director, the Secretary and the
 Assistant Secretary shall select not more than 3 eligible applicants
 from among the contract recipients submitting reports under paragraph
 (2) to receive 18-month contracts for research and development leading
 to a detailed design for a prototype maglev system. The Secretary and the
 Assistant Secretary may only award contracts under this paragraph if--
 (A) they determine that the applicant has demonstrated technical merit for
 the conceptual design and the potential for further development of such
 design into an operational prototype as described in paragraph (4),
 (B) the applicant agrees to submit the detailed design within such 18-month
 period to the Maglev Project Office and the selection committee described
 in paragraph (4), and
 (C) the applicant agrees to provide for matching of the phase two contract
 at an 80 percent Federal, 20 percent non-Federal, cost share.
 (4) PROTOTYPE-
 (A) SELECTION OF DESIGN- Within 6 months of receiving the detailed designs
 developed under paragraph (3), the Secretary and the Assistant Secretary
 shall, based on the recommendations of the selection committee described
 in this subparagraph, select 1 design for development into a full-scale
 prototype, unless the Secretary and the Assistant Secretary determine
 jointly that no design shall be selected, based on an assessment of
 technical feasibility and projected cost of construction and operation of
 the prototype. A selection committee of 8 members, consisting of--
 (i) 1 member to be appointed by the Secretary,
 (ii) 1 member to be appointed by the Assistant Secretary,
 (iii) 3 members to be appointed by the Senate majority and minority
 leaders, and
 (iv) 3 members to be appointed by the Speaker of the House and the minority
 leader of the House,
shall be appointed not later than 1 year following the award of contracts
under paragraph (3). The selection committee, within 3 months of receiving the
detailed designs developed under paragraph (3), shall make a recommendation to
the Secretary and the Assistant Secretary as to the best prototype design or
the unsuitability of any design. The program director shall provide technical
reviews of the phase two contract reports to the selection committee and
otherwise provide any technical assistance that the committee requires to
assist it in making a recommendation. In the event that the Secretary and the
Assistant Secretary determine jointly not to select a design for development
under this subsection, they shall report to Congress on the basis for such
determination, together with recommendations for future action, including
further research, development, or design, termination of the program, or
such other action as may be appropriate.
 (B) AWARD OF CONSTRUCTION GRANT OR CONTRACT- Unless the Secretary and
 the Assistant Secretary determine not to proceed pursuant to subparagraph
 (A), they shall, not later than 3 months after selection of a design for
 development into a full-scale prototype, and based on the recommendations
 of the program director, award 1 construction grant or contract to the
 applicant whose detailed design was selected under subparagraph (A) for
 the purpose of constructing a prototype maglev system in accordance with
 the selected design. Not more than 75 percent of the cost of the project
 shall be borne by the United States.
 (C) FACTORS TO BE CONSIDERED IN SELECTION- Selection of the detailed design
 under this paragraph shall be based on consideration of the following factors,
 among others:
 (i) The project shall be capable of utilizing Interstate highway rights-of-way
 along or above a significant portion of its route, and may also use railroad
 rights-of-way along or above any portion of the railroad route.
 (ii) The total length of guideway shall be at least 19 miles and allow
 significant full-speed operations between stops.
 (iii) The project shall be constructed and ready for operational testing
 within 3 years after the award of the contract or grant.
 (iv) The project shall provide for the conversion of the prototype to
 commercial operation after testing and technical evaluation is completed.
 (v) The project shall be located in an area that provides a potential
 ridership base for future commercial operation.
 (vi) The project shall utilize a technology capable of being applied in
 commercial service in most parts of the contiguous United States.
 (vii) The project shall have at least 1 switch.
 (viii) The project shall be intermodal in nature connecting a major
 metropolitan area with an airport, port, passenger rail station, or other
 transportation mode.
 (D) ADDITIONAL FACTORS FOR CONSIDERATION- In awarding a grant or contract
 under this paragraph, the Secretary shall encourage the development of
 domestic manufacturing capabilities. In selecting among eligible applicants,
 the Secretary shall consider existing railroads and equipment manufacturers
 with excess production capacity, including railroads that have experience
 in advanced technologies (including self-propelled cars).
 (5) LICENSING-
 (A) PROPRIETARY RIGHTS- No trade secrets or commercial or financial
 information that is privileged or confidential, under the meaning of section
 552(b)(4) of title 5, United States Code, which is obtained from a United
 States business, research, or education entity as a result of activities
 under this subsection shall be disclosed.
 (B) COMMERCIAL INFORMATION- The research, development, and use of any
 technology developed pursuant to an agreement reached pursuant to this
 subsection, including the terms under which any technology may be licensed
 and the resulting royalties may be distributed, shall be subject to the
 provisions of the Stevenson-Wydler Technology Innovation Act of 1980 (15
 U.S.C. 3701-3714). In addition, the Secretary and the Assistant Secretary
 may require any grant or contract recipient to assure that research and
 development be performed substantially in the United States and that the
 products embodying the inventions made under any agreement pursuant to this
 subsection or produced through the use of such inventions be manufactured
 substantially in the United States.
 (6) REPORTS- The Secretary and the Assistant Secretary shall provide periodic
 reports to Congress on progress made under this subsection.
 (7) ELIGIBLE APPLICANT DEFINED- For purposes of this subsection, the term
 `eligible applicant' means a United States private business, United States
 public or private education and research organization, Federal laboratory,
 or a consortium of such businesses, organizations, and laboratories.
 (c) TECHNOLOGY DEMONSTRATION PROGRAM; RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT PROGRAM-
 (1) IN GENERAL- Subchapter I of chapter 3 of title 49, United States Code,
 is amended by adding at the end the following new section:
`Sec. 309. High-speed ground transportation
 `(a) The Secretary of Transportation, in consultation with the Secretaries
 of Commerce, Energy, and Defense, the Administrator of the Environmental
 Protection Agency, the Assistant Secretary of the Army for Public Works,
 and the heads of other interested agencies, shall lead and coordinate Federal
 efforts in the research and development of high-speed ground transportation
 technologies in order to foster the implementation of magnetic levitation
 and high-speed steel wheel on rail transportation systems as alternatives
 to existing transportation systems.
 `(b)(1) The Secretary may award contracts and grants for demonstrations to
 determine the contributions that high-speed ground transportation could
 make to more efficient, safe, and economical intercity transportation
 systems. Such demonstrations shall be designed to measure and evaluate such
 factors as the public response to new equipment, higher speeds, variations
 in fares, improved comfort and convenience, and more frequent service. In
 connection with grants and contracts for demonstrations under this section,
 the Secretary shall provide for financial participation by private industry
 to the maximum extent practicable.
 `(2)(A) In connection with the authority provided under paragraph (1),
 there is established a national high-speed ground transportation technology
 demonstration program, which shall be separate from the national magnetic
 levitation prototype development program established under section 1036(b)
 of the Intermodal Surface Transportation Efficiency Act of 1991 and shall
 be managed by the Secretary of Transportation.
 `(B)(i) Any eligible applicant may submit to the Secretary a proposal for
 demonstration of any advancement in a high-speed ground transportation
 technology or technologies to be incorporated as a component, subsystem,
 or system in any revenue service high-speed ground transportation project or
 system under construction or in operation at the time the application is made.
 `(ii) Grants or contracts shall be awarded only to eligible applicants
 showing demonstrable benefit to the research and development, design,
 construction, or ultimate operation of any maglev technology or high-speed
 steel wheel on rail technology. Criteria to be considered in evaluating
 the suitability of a proposal under this paragraph shall include--
 `(I) feasibility of guideway or track design and construction;
 `(II) safety and reliability;
 `(III) impact on the environment in comparison to other high-speed ground
 transportation technologies;
 `(IV) minimization of land use;
 `(V) effect on human factors related to high-speed ground transportation;
 `(VI) energy and power consumption and cost;
 `(VII) integration of high-speed ground transportation systems with other
 modes of transportation;
 `(VIII) actual and projected ridership; and
 `(IX) design of signaling, communications, and control systems.
 `(C) For the purposes of this paragraph, the term `eligible applicant' means
 any United States private business, State government, local government,
 organization of State or local government, or any combination thereof. The
 term does not include any business owned in whole or in part by the Federal
 Government.
 `(D) The amount and distribution of grants or contracts made under this
 paragraph shall be determined by the Secretary. No grant or contract may be
 awarded under this paragraph to demonstrate a technology to be incorporated
 into a project or system located in a State that prohibits under State law
 the expenditure of non-Federal public funds or revenues on the construction
 or operation of such project or system.
 `(E) Recipients of grants or contracts made pursuant to this paragraph shall
 agree to submit a report to the Secretary detailing the results and benefits
 of the technology demonstration proposed, as required by the Secretary.
 `(c)(1) In carrying out the responsibilities of the Secretary under this
 section, the Secretary is authorized to enter into 1 or more cooperative
 research and development agreements (as defined by section 12 of the
 Stevenson-Wydler Technology Innovation Act of 1980 (15 U.S.C. 3710a)),
 and 1 or more funding agreements (as defined by section 201(b) of title 35,
 United States Code), with United States companies for the purpose of--
 `(A) conducting research to overcome technical and other barriers to the
 development and construction of practicable high-speed ground transportation
 systems and to help advance the basic generic technologies needed for these
 systems; and
 `(B) transferring the research and basic generic technologies described in
 subparagraph (A) to industry in order to help create a viable commercial
 high-speed ground transportation industry within the United States.
 `(2) In a cooperative agreement or funding agreement under paragraph (1),
 the Secretary may agree to provide not more than 80 percent of the cost of
 any project under the agreement. Not less than 5 percent of the non-Federal
 entity's share of the cost of any such project shall be paid in cash.
 `(3) The research, development, or utilization of any technology pursuant
 to a cooperative agreement under paragraph (1), including the terms under
 which such technology may be licensed and the resulting royalties may be
 distributed, shall be subject to the provisions of the Stevenson-Wydler
 Technology Innovation Act of 1980 (15 U.S.C. 3701 et seq.).
 `(4) The research, development, or utilization of any technology pursuant
 to a funding agreement under paragraph (1), including the determination of
 all licensing and ownership rights, shall be subject to the provisions of
 chapter 18 of title 35, United States Code.
 `(5) At the conclusion of fiscal year 1993 and again at the conclusion of
 fiscal year 1996, the Secretary shall submit reports to Congress regarding
 research and technology transfer activities conducted pursuant to the
 authorization contained in paragraph (1).
 `(d)(1) Not later than June 1, 1995, the Secretary shall complete and submit
 to Congress a study of the commercial feasibility of constructing 1 or more
 high-speed ground transportation systems in the United States. Such study
 shall consist of--
 `(A) an economic and financial analysis;
 `(B) a technical assessment; and
 `(C) recommendations for model legislation for State and local governments
 to facilitate construction of high-speed ground transportation systems.
 `(2) The economic and financial analysis referred to in paragraph (1)(A)
 shall include--
 `(A) an examination of the potential market for a nationwide high-speed
 ground transportation network, including a national magnetic levitation
 ground transportation system;
 `(B) an examination of the potential markets for short-haul high-speed
 ground transportation systems and for intercity and long-haul high-speed
 ground transportation systems, including an assessment of--
 `(i) the current transportation practices and trends in each market; and
 `(ii) the extent to which high-speed ground transportation systems
 would relieve the current or anticipated congestion on other modes of
 transportation;
 `(C) projections of the costs of designing, constructing, and operating
 high-speed ground transportation systems, the extent to which such systems
 can recover their costs (including capital costs), and the alternative
 methods available for private and public financing;
 `(D) the availability of rights-of-way to serve each market, including the
 extent to which average and maximum speeds would be limited by the curvature
 of existing rights-of-way and the prospect of increasing speeds through the
 acquisition of additional rights-of-way without significant relocation of
 residential, commercial, or industrial facilities;
 `(E) a comparison of the projected costs of the various competing high-speed
 ground transportation technologies;
 `(F) recommendations for funding mechanisms, tax incentives, liability
 provisions, and changes in statutes and regulations necessary to facilitate
 the development of individual high-speed ground transportation systems and
 the completion of a nationwide high-speed ground transportation network;
 `(G) an examination of the effect of the construction and operation
 of high-speed ground transportation systems on regional employment and
 economic growth;
 `(H) recommendations for the roles appropriate for local, regional, and State
 governments to facilitate construction of high-speed ground transportation
 systems, including the roles of regional economic development authorities;
 `(I) an assessment of the potential for a high-speed ground transportation
 technology export market;
 `(J) recommendations regarding the coordination and centralization of
 Federal efforts relating to high-speed ground transportation;
 `(K) an examination of the role of the National Railroad Passenger Corporation
 in the development and operation of high-speed ground transportation
 systems; and
 `(L) any other economic or financial analyses the Secretary considers
 important for carrying out this section.
 `(3) The technical assessment referred to in paragraph (1)(B) shall include--
 `(A) an examination of the various technologies developed for use in the
 transportation of passengers by high-speed ground transportation, including a
 comparison of the safety (including dangers associated with grade crossings),
 energy efficiency, operational efficiencies, and environmental impacts of
 each system;
 `(B) an examination of the potential role of a United States designed
 maglev system, developed as a prototype under section 1036(b) of the
 Intermodal Surface Transportation Efficiency Act of 1991, in relation to
 the implementation of other high-speed ground transportation technologies
 and the national transportation system;
 `(C) an examination of the work being done to establish safety standards
 for high-speed ground transportation as a result of the enactment of section
 7 of the Rail Safety Improvement Act of 1988;
 `(D) an examination of the need to establish appropriate technological,
 quality, and environmental standards for high-speed ground transportation
 systems;
 `(E) an examination of the significant unresolved technical issues surrounding
 the design, engineering, construction, and operation of high-speed ground
 transportation systems, including the potential for the use of existing
 rights-of-way;
 `(F) an examination of the effects on air quality, energy consumption,
 noise, land use, health, and safety as a result of the decreases in traffic
 volume on other modes of transportation that are expected to result from
 the full-scale development of high-speed ground transportation systems; and
 `(G) any other technical assessments the Secretary considers important for
 carrying out this section.
 `(e)(1) Within 12 months after the submission of the study required by
 subsection (d), the Secretary shall establish the national high-speed
 ground transportation policy (hereinafter in this section referred to as the
 `Policy').
 `(2) The Policy shall include--
 `(A) provisions to promote the design, construction, and operation of
 high-speed ground transportation systems in the United States;
 `(B) a determination whether the various competing high-speed ground
 transportation technologies can be effectively integrated into a national
 network and, if not, whether 1 or more such technologies should receive
 preferential encouragement from the Federal Government to enable the
 development of such a national network;
 `(C) a strategy for prioritizing the markets and corridors in which
 the construction of high-speed ground transportation systems should be
 encouraged; and
 `(D) provisions designed to promote American competitiveness in the market
 for high-speed ground transportation technologies.
 `(3) The Secretary shall solicit comments from the public in the development
 of the Policy and may consult with other Federal agencies as appropriate
 in drafting the Policy.'.
 (2) CONFORMING AMENDMENT- The analysis for chapter 3 of such title is
 amended by inserting after the item relating to section 308 the following:
`309. High-speed ground transportation.'.
 (d) FUNDING-
 (1) OUT OF HIGHWAY TRUST FUND- There shall be available from the Highway
 Trust Fund (other than the Mass Transit Account) the following sums:
 (A) NATIONAL MAGNETIC LEVITATION PROTOTYPE DEVELOPMENT PROGRAM- For the
 national magnetic levitation prototype development program under this
 section $5,000,000 for fiscal year 1992, $45,000,000 for fiscal year 1993,
 $100,000,000 for fiscal year 1994, $100,000,000 for fiscal year 1995,
 $125,000,000 for fiscal year 1996, and $125,000,000 for fiscal year 1997.
 (B) NATIONAL HIGH-SPEED GROUND TRANSPORTATION TECHNOLOGY DEMONSTRATION
 PROGRAM- For the national high-speed ground transportation technology
 demonstration program under section 309 of title 49, United States Code,
 $5,000,000 for each of fiscal years 1993, 1994, 1995, 1996, and 1997.
 (2) OUT OF GENERAL FUND- In addition to amounts made available by paragraph
 (1), there is authorized to be appropriated for fiscal years 1992, 1993,
 1994, 1995, 1996, and 1997--
 (A) $225,000,000 for the national magnetic levitation prototype development
 program under this section;
 (B) $25,000,000 for the national high-speed ground transportation technology
 demonstration program under section 309 of title 49, United States Code; and
 (C) $25,000,000 for national high-speed ground transportation research and
 development under section 309 of title 49, United States Code.
 (3) PERIOD OF AVAILABILITY- Funds made available by and under this section
 shall remain available until expended.
 (4) CONTRACT AUTHORITY- Notwithstanding any other provision of law,
 approval by the Secretary of a grant or contract with funds made available
 by paragraph (1) shall be deemed a contractual obligation of the United
 States for payment of the Federal share of the cost of the project.
 (e) GUARANTEE OF OBLIGATIONS- Section 511 of the Railroad Revitalization
 and Regulatory Reform Act of 1976 (45 U.S.C. 831) is amended--
 (1) in subsection (a)--
 (A) by inserting `(1)' after `shall be or have been used';
 (B) by striking `or' after `car management systems),' and inserting in lieu
 thereof `(2)'; and
 (C) by inserting `, or (3) to acquire, rehabilitate, improve, develop,
 or establish high-speed rail facilities or equipment' after `new railroad
 facilities';
 (2) in subsection (g)--
 (A) by inserting `or high-speed rail services' after `rail services' both
 places it appears in paragraph (3);
 (B) by inserting `or passengers' after `provide shippers' in paragraph (3);
 (C) by striking `or improved' and inserting in lieu thereof `improved,
 developed, or established' in paragraph (4);
 (D) by striking `improved, rehabilitated, or acquired' and inserting in
 lieu thereof `acquired, rehabilitated, improved, developed, or established'
 in paragraph (5);
 (E) by striking `and' at the end of paragraph (5);
 (F) by inserting `or high-speed rail carrier' after `affected railroad'
 in paragraph (6);
 (G) by striking the period at the end of paragraph (6) and inserting in
 lieu thereof `; and'; and
 (H) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
 `(7) in the case of high-speed rail facilities and equipment, at least 85
 percent of such facilities and equipment are mined, produced, or manufactured
 in the United States, unless the Secretary finds in writing that--
 `(A) such requirement would be inconsistent with the public interest;
 `(B) such facilities and equipment could not be mined, produced, or
 manufactured in the United States in sufficient and reasonably available
 quantities of a satisfactory quality;
 `(C) such a requirement would increase the cost of the facilities and
 equipment by more than 25 percent; or
 `(D) such a requirement would result in a violation of obligations of the
 United States under international trade agreements.';
 (3) in subsection (i)(1)--
 (A) by amending subparagraph (B) to read as follows:
 `(B)(i) will not use any funds or assets from railroad operations for
 nonrail purposes; and
 `(ii) will not use any funds or assets from high-speed rail operations for
 purposes other than high-speed rail purposes,'; and
 (B) by inserting `or high-speed rail services' after `provide rail services';
 and
 (4) by adding at the end the following new subsection:
 `(n) DEFINITIONS- As used in this section, the term `high-speed rail' means
 all forms of nonhighway ground transportation that run on rails providing
 transportation service which is--
 `(1) reasonably expected to reach sustained speeds of more than 125 miles
 per hour; and
 `(2) made available to members of the general public as passengers.
Such term does not include rapid transit operations within an urban area
that are not connected to the general rail system of transportation.'.
 (f) GENERAL ACCOUNTING OFFICE STUDY- The Comptroller General, within 2
 years after the date of the enactment of this Act, and annually thereafter,
 shall analyze the effectiveness of the application of section 511 of the
 Railroad Revitalization and Regulatory Reform Act of 1976 to high-speed
 rail facilities and equipment, and report the results of such analysis to
 the Committee on Energy and Commerce of the House of Representatives and
 the Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation of the Senate.
SEC. 1037. RAILROAD RELOCATION DEMONSTRATION PROGRAM.
 Section 163(p) of the Federal-Aid Highway Act of 1973 (23 U.S.C. 130 note) is
 amended by striking `and 1991,' and inserting `1991, 1992, 1993, and 1994,'.
SEC. 1038. USE OF RECYCLED PAVING MATERIAL.
 (a) ASPHALT PAVEMENT CONTAINING RECYCLED RUBBER DEMONSTRATION PROGRAM-
 Notwithstanding any other provision of title 23, United States Code, or
 regulation or policy of the Department of Transportation, the Secretary
 (or a State acting as the Department's agent) may not disapprove a highway
 project under chapter 1 of title 23, United States Code, on the ground
 that the project includes the use of asphalt pavement containing recycled
 rubber. Under this subsection, a patented application process for recycled
 rubber shall be eligible for approval under the same conditions that an
 unpatented process is eligible for approval.
 (b) STUDIES-
 (1) IN GENERAL- The Secretary and the Administrator of the Environmental
 Protection Agency shall coordinate and conduct, in cooperation with the
 States, a study to determine--
 (A) the threat to human health and the environment associated with the
 production and use of asphalt pavement containing recycled rubber;
 (B) the degree to which asphalt pavement containing recycled rubber can be
 recycled; and
 (C) the performance of the asphalt pavement containing recycled rubber
 under various climate and use conditions.
 (2) DIVISION OF RESPONSIBILITIES- The Administrator shall conduct the part
 of the study relating to paragraph (1)(A) and the Secretary shall conduct
 the part of the study relating to paragraph (1)(C). The Administrator and
 the Secretary shall jointly conduct the study relating to paragraph (1)(B).
 (3) ADDITIONAL STUDY- The Secretary and the Administrator, in cooperation
 with the States, shall jointly conduct a study to determine the economic
 savings, technical performance qualities, threats to human health and the
 environment, and environmental benefits of using recycled materials in
 highway devices and appurtenances and highway projects, including asphalt
 containing over 80 percent reclaimed asphalt, asphalt containing recycled
 glass, and asphalt containing recycled plastic.
 (4) ADDITIONAL ELEMENTS- In conducting the study under paragraph (3),
 the Secretary and the Administrator shall examine utilization of various
 technologies by States and shall examine the current practices of all States
 relating to the reuse and disposal of materials used in federally assisted
 highway projects.
 (5) REPORT- Not later than 18 months after the date of the enactment of this
 Act, the Secretary and the Administrator shall transmit to Congress a report
 on the results of the studies conducted under this subsection, including a
 detailed analysis of the economic savings and technical performance qualities
 of using such recycled materials in federally assisted highway projects and
 the environmental benefits of using such recycled materials in such highway
 projects in terms of reducing air emissions, conserving natural resources,
 and reducing disposal of the materials in landfills.
 (c) DOT GUIDANCE-
 (1) INFORMATION GATHERING AND DISTRIBUTION- The Secretary shall gather
 information and recommendations concerning the use of asphalt containing
 recycled rubber in highway projects from those States that have extensively
 evaluated and experimented with the use of such asphalt and implemented such
 projects and shall make available such information and recommendations on
 the use of such asphalt to those States which indicate an interest in the
 use of such asphalt.
 (2) ENCOURAGEMENT OF USE- The Secretary should encourage the use of recycled
 materials determined to be appropriate by the studies pursuant to subsection
 (b) in federally assisted highway projects. Procuring agencies shall comply
 with all applicable guidelines or regulations issued by the Administrator
 of the Environmental Protection Agency.
 (d) USE OF ASPHALT PAVEMENT CONTAINING RECYCLED RUBBER-
 (1) STATE CERTIFICATION- Beginning on January 1, 1995, and annually
 thereafter, each State shall certify to the Secretary that such State has
 satisfied the minimum utilization requirement for asphalt pavement containing
 recycled rubber established by this section. The minimum utilization
 requirement for asphalt pavement containing recycled rubber as a percentage
 of the total tons of asphalt laid in such State and financed in whole or
 part by any assistance pursuant to title 23, United States Code, shall be--
 (A) 5 percent for the year 1994;
 (B) 10 percent for the year 1995;
 (C) 15 percent for the year 1996; and
 (D) 20 percent for the year 1997 and each year thereafter.
 (2) OTHER MATERIALS- Any recycled material or materials determined to be
 appropriate by the studies under subsection (b) may be substituted for
 recycled rubber under the minimum utilization requirement of paragraph (1)
 up to 5 percent.
 (3) INCREASE- The Secretary may increase the minimum utilization requirement
 of paragraph (1) for asphalt pavement containing recycled rubber to be used
 in federally assisted highway projects to the extent it is technologically
 and economically feasible to do so and if an increase is appropriate to
 assure markets for the reuse and recycling of scrap tires. The minimum
 utilization requirement for asphalt pavement containing recycled rubber
 may not be met by any use or technique found to be unsuitable for use in
 highway projects by the studies under subsection (b).
 (4) PENALTY- The Secretary shall withhold from any State that fails to
 make a certification under paragraph (1) for any fiscal year, a percentage
 of the apportionments under section 104 (other than subsection (b)(5)(A))
 of title 23, United States Code, that would otherwise be apportioned to
 such State for such fiscal year under such section equal to the percentage
 utilization requirement established by paragraph (1) for such fiscal year.
 (5) SECRETARIAL WAIVER- The Secretary may set aside the provisions of this
 subsection for any 3-year period on a determination, made in concurrence
 with the Administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency with respect
 to subparagraphs (A) and (B) of this paragraph, that there is reliable
 evidence indicating--
 (A) that manufacture, application, or use of asphalt pavement containing
 recycled rubber substantially increases the threat to human health or the
 environment as compared to the threats associated with conventional pavement;
 (B) that asphalt pavement containing recycled rubber cannot be recycled to
 substantially the same degree as conventional pavement; or
 (C) that asphalt pavement containing recycled rubber does not perform
 adequately as a material for the construction or surfacing of highways
 and roads.
The Secretary shall consider the results of the study under subsection (b)(1)
in determining whether a 3-year set-aside is appropriate.
 (6) RENEWAL OF WAIVER- Any determination made to set aside the requirements of
 this section may be renewed for an additional 3-year period by the Secretary,
 with the concurrence of the Administrator with respect to the determinations
 made under paragraphs (5)(A) and (5)(B). Any determination made with respect
 to paragraph (5)(C) may be made for specific States or regions considering
 climate, geography, and other factors that may be unique to the State or
 region and that would prevent the adequate performance of asphalt pavement
 containing recycled rubber.
 (7) INDIVIDUAL STATE REDUCTION- The Secretary shall establish a minimum
 utilization requirement for asphalt pavement containing recycled rubber less
 than the minimum utilization requirement otherwise required by paragraph (1)
 in a particular State, upon the request of such State and if the Secretary,
 with the concurrence of the Administrator of the Environmental Protection
 Agency, determines that there is not a sufficient quantity of scrap tires
 available in the State prior to disposal to meet the minimum utilization
 requirement established under paragraph (1) as the result of recycling and
 processing uses (in that State or another State), including retreading or
 energy recovery.
 (e) DEFINITIONS- For purpose of this section--
 (1) the term `asphalt pavement containing recycled rubber' means any hot
 mix or spray applied binder in asphalt paving mixture that contains rubber
 from whole scrap tires which is used for asphalt pavement base, surface
 course or interlayer, or other road and highway related uses and--
 (A) is a mixture of not less than 20 pounds of recycled rubber per ton of
 hot mix or 300 pounds of recycled rubber per ton of spray applied binder; or
 (B) is any mixture of asphalt pavement and recycled rubber that is certified
 by a State and is approved by the Secretary, provided that the total amount
 of recycled rubber from whole scrap tires utilized in any year in such
 State shall be not less than the amount that would be utilized if all
 asphalt pavement containing recycled rubber laid in such State met the
 specifications of subparagraph (A) and subsection (d)(1); and
 (2) the term `recycled rubber' is any crumb rubber derived from processing
 whole scrap tires or shredded tire material taken from automobiles, trucks,
 or other equipment owned and operated in the United States.
SEC. 1039. HIGHWAY TIMBER BRIDGE RESEARCH AND DEMONSTRATION PROGRAM.
 (a) RESEARCH GRANTS- The Secretary may make grants to other Federal agencies,
 universities, private businesses, nonprofit organizations, and any research
 or engineering entity to carry out research on 1 or more of the following:
 (1) Development of new, economical highway timber bridge systems.
 (2) Development of engineering design criteria for structural wood products
 for use in highway bridges in order to improve methods for characterizing
 lumber design properties.
 (3) Preservative systems for use in highway timber bridges which demonstrate
 new alternatives and current treatment processes and procedures and which
 are environmentally sound with respect to application, use, and disposal
 of treated wood.
 (4) Alternative transportation system timber structures which demonstrate
 the development of applications for railing, sign, and lighting supports,
 sound barriers, culverts, and retaining walls in highway applications.
 (5) Rehabilitation measures which demonstrate effective, safe, and reliable
 methods for rehabilitating existing highway timber structures.
 (b) TECHNOLOGY AND INFORMATION TRANSFER- The Secretary shall take such
 action as may be necessary to ensure that the information and technology
 resulting from research conducted under subsection (a) is made available
 to State and local transportation departments and other interested persons.
 (c) CONSTRUCTION GRANTS-
 (1) AUTHORITY- The Secretary shall make grants to States for construction
 of highway timber bridges on rural Federal-aid highways.
 (2) APPLICATIONS- A State interested in receiving a grant under this
 subsection must submit an application therefor to the Secretary. Such
 application shall be in such form and contain such information as the
 Secretary may require by regulation.
 (3) APPROVAL CRITERIA- The Secretary shall select and approve applications
 for grants under this subsection based on the following criteria:
 (A) Bridge designs which have both initial and long-term structural and
 environmental integrity.
 (B) Bridge designs which utilize timber species native to the State or region.
 (C) Innovative bridge designs which have the possibility of increasing
 knowledge, cost effectiveness, and future use of such designs.
 (D) Environmental practices for preservative treated timber, and construction
 techniques which comply with all environmental regulations, will be utilized.
 (d) FEDERAL SHARE- The Federal share of the costs of research and construction
 projects carried out under this section shall be 80 percent.
 (e) FUNDING- From the funds reserved from apportionment under section
 144(g)(1) of title 23, United States Code, for each of fiscal years 1992,
 1993, 1994, 1995, 1996, and 1997--
 (1) $1,000,000 shall be available to the Secretary for carrying out
 subsections (a) and (b); and
 (2) $7,500,000 ($7,000,000 in the case of fiscal year 1992) shall be
 available to the Secretary for carrying out subsection (c).
Such sums shall remain available until expended.
 (f) STATE DEFINED- For purposes of this section, the term `State' has the
 meaning such term has under section 101 of title 23, United States Code.
SEC. 1040. HIGHWAY USE TAX EVASION PROJECTS.
 (a) IN GENERAL- The Secretary shall use funds made available by subsection
 (e) to carry out highway use tax evasion projects in accordance with this
 section. Such funds may be allocated to the Internal Revenue Service and the
 States at the discretion of the Secretary. The Secretary shall not impose
 any condition on the use of funds allocated to the Internal Revenue Service
 under this section.
 (b) LIMITATION ON USE OF FUNDS- Funds made available to carry out this
 section shall be used only to expand efforts to enhance motor fuel tax
 enforcement, fund additional Internal Revenue Service staff but only to
 carry out functions described in this subsection, supplement motor fuel tax
 examinations and criminal investigations, develop automated data processing
 tools to monitor motor fuel production and sales, evaluate and implement
 registration and reporting requirements for motor fuel taxpayers, reimburse
 State expenses that supplement existing fuel tax compliance efforts, and
 analyze and implement programs to reduce tax evasion associated with other
 highway use taxes.
 (c) MAINTENANCE OF EFFORT- The Secretary may not make a grant to a State
 under this section in a fiscal year unless the State certifies that aggregate
 expenditure of funds of the State, exclusive of Federal funds, for motor
 fuel tax enforcement activities will be maintained at a level which does not
 fall below the average level of such expenditure for its last 2 fiscal years.
 (d) REPORTS-
 (1) IN GENERAL- On September 30 and March 31 of each year, the Secretary
 shall transmit to the Committee on Environment and Public Works and the
 Committee on Finance of the Senate and the Committee on Public Works
 and Transportation and the Committee on Ways and Means of the House of
 Representatives a report on motor fuel tax enforcement activities under this
 section and the expenditure of funds made available to carry out this section,
 including expenses for the hiring of additional staff by any Federal agency.
 (2) USE OF REVENUES FOR ENFORCEMENT OF HIGHWAY TRUST FUND TAXES- The Secretary
 of the Treasury shall, at least 60 days before the beginning of each
 fiscal year (after fiscal year 1992) for which funds are to be allocated
 to the Internal Revenue Service under this section, submit a report to
 the Committee on Ways and Means of the House of Representatives and the
 Committee on Finance of the Senate detailing the increased enforcement
 activities to be financed with such funds with respect to taxes referred
 to in section 9503(b)(1) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986.
 (e) USE OF DYE AND MARKERS-
 (1) STUDY- The Secretary, in consultation with the Internal Revenue Service,
 shall conduct a study to determine the feasibility and the desirability of
 using dye and markers to aid in motor fuel tax enforcement activities and
 other purposes.
 (2) REPORT- Not later than 1 year after the effective date of this section,
 the Secretary shall transmit to Congress a report on the results of the
 study conducted under this subsection.
 (f) FUNDING-
 (1) HIGHWAY TRUST FUND- There shall be available to the Secretary for
 carrying out this section, out of the Highway Trust Fund (other than the
 Mass Transit Account), $5,000,000 for each of fiscal years 1992, 1993, 1994,
 1995, 1996, and 1997. Such sums shall be available for obligation in the
 same manner and to the same extent as if such sums were apportioned under
 chapter 1 of title 23, United States Code; except that the Federal share
 for projects carried out under this section shall be 100 percent and the
 sums shall remain available until expended.
 (2) GENERAL FUND- There are authorized to be appropriated to carry out this
 section $2,500,000 per fiscal year for each of fiscal years 1992 through
 1997. Such sums shall remain available until expended.
 (g) STATE DEFINED- For purposes of this section, the term `State' means
 the 50 States and the District of Columbia.
SEC. 1041. REGULATORY INTERPRETATIONS.
 (a) INCLUSION OF COATING OF STEEL IN BUY AMERICA PROGRAM- Section 635.410
 of title 23 of the Code of Federal Regulations and any similar regulation,
 ruling, or decision shall be applied as if to include coating.
 (b) FUNDING OF FUSEES AND FLARES- Section 393.95 of title 49 of the Code
 of Federal Regulations shall be applied so that fusees and flares are given
 equal priority with regard to use as reflecting signs.
SEC. 1042. INDIAN RESERVATION ROADS STUDY.
 (a) STUDY- The Secretary shall conduct a study on the funding needs for
 Indian reservation roads taking into account funding and other quality
 inequities between Indian reservation roads and other highway systems.
 (b) REPORT- Not later than 1 year after the date of the enactment of this
 Act, the Secretary shall submit to Congress a report on the results of
 the study conducted under this section, together with any legislative and
 administrative recommendations of the Secretary for correcting inequities
 identified under such study.
SEC. 1043. REPORT TO CONGRESS ON QUALITY IMPROVEMENT.
 (a) REPORT TO CONGRESS ON QUALITY IMPROVEMENT- The Comptroller General
 shall submit within 24 months following the date of the enactment of this
 title a report to Congress addressing means for improving the quality of
 highways constructed with Federal assistance. This report shall address
 Federal design standards, engineering and design services, and construction
 of Federal-aid highway projects.
 (b) SCOPE OF THE REPORT TO CONGRESS- In preparing such report, the Comptroller
 shall address, at a minimum, the following:
 (1) Alternative modifications to current Federal and State minimum design
 standards, including but not limited to, the anticipated impacts these
 alternatives would have on the serviceability, maintenance, expected life,
 and costs (including engineering and design, construction maintenance,
 operation and replacement costs).
 (2) Inclusion of guarantee and warranty clauses in contracts with designers,
 contractors, and State highway departments to address, at a minimum, potential
 costs and benefits of such clauses; any liability or insurance constraints
 or concerns; implications for small, minority, or disadvantaged businesses;
 currently existing options for States to require these clauses or other
 means with similar effect without additional Federal legislation, and the
 effect these or similar clauses may have on the availability of insurance
 and bonds for design professionals and contractors and the implication to
 the public of any change in such availability.
 (3) Means of enhancing the maintenance of the Federal-aid Highway System
 to ensure the public investment in such system is protected.
SEC. 1044. CREDIT FOR NON-FEDERAL SHARE.
 (a) ELIGIBILITY- A State may use as a credit toward the non-Federal matching
 share requirement for all programs under this Act and title 23, United States
 Code, toll revenues that are generated and used by public, quasi-public
 and private agencies to build, improve, or maintain highways, bridges, or
 tunnels that serve the public purpose of interstate commerce. Such public,
 quasi-public or private agencies shall have built, improved, or maintained
 such facilities without Federal funds.
 (b) MAINTENANCE OF EFFORT- The credit for any non-Federal share shall not
 reduce nor replace State monies required to match Federal funds for any
 program pursuant to this Act or title 23, United States Code. In receiving
 a credit for non-Federal capital expenditures under this section, a State
 shall enter into such agreements as the Secretary may require to ensure that
 such State will maintain its non-Federal transportation capital expenditures
 at or above the average level of such expenditures for the preceding three
 fiscal years.
 (c) TREATMENT- Use of such credit for a non-Federal share shall not expose
 such agencies from which the credit is received to additional liability,
 additional regulation or additional administrative oversight. When credit
 is applied from chartered multi-State agencies, such credit shall be applied
 equally to all charter States. The public, quasi-public, and private agencies
 from which the credit for which the non-Federal share is calculated shall not
 be subject to any additional Federal design standards, laws or regulations
 as a result of providing non-Federal match other than those to which such
 agency is already subject.
SEC. 1045. SUBSTITUTE PROJECT.
 (a) APPROVAL OF PROJECT- Notwithstanding any other provision of law, upon
 the request of the Governor of the State of Wisconsin, submitted after
 consultation with appropriate local government officials, the Secretary may
 approve substitute highway, bus transit, and light rail transit projects,
 in lieu of construction of the I-94 East-West Transitway project in Milwaukee
 and Waukesha Counties, as identified in the 1991 Interstate Cost Estimate.
 (b) ELIGIBILITY FOR FEDERAL ASSISTANCE- Upon approval of any substitute
 highway or transit project or projects under subsection (a), the costs of
 construction of the eligible transitway project for which such project or
 projects are substituted shall not be eligible for funds authorized under
 section 108(b) of the Federal-Aid Highway Act of 1956 and a sum equal to
 the Federal share of such costs, as included in the latest interstate cost
 estimate submitted to Congress, shall be available to the Secretary to
 incur obligations under section 103(e)(4) of title 23, United States Code,
 for the Federal share of the costs of such substitute project or projects.
 (c) LIMITATION ON ELIGIBILITY- If, by October 1, 1993, or two years after the
 date of the enactment of this Act, whichever is later, the Governor of the
 State of Wisconsin has not submitted a request for a substitute project or
 projects in lieu of the I-94 East-West Transitway, the Secretary shall not
 approve such substitution. If, by October 1, 1995, or four years after the
 date of the enactment of this Act, whichever is later, such substitute project
 or projects are not under construction, or under contract for construction,
 no funds shall be appropriated under the authority of section 103(e)(4)
 of title 23, United States Code, for such project or projects. For the
 purposes of this subsection, the term `construction' has the same meaning as
 given to it in section 101, title 23, United States Code, and shall include
 activities such as preliminary engineering and right-of-way acquisition.
 (d) ADMINISTRATIVE PROVISIONS-
 (1) STATUS OF SUBSTITUTE PROJECT OR PROJECTS- Any substitute project
 approved under subsection (a) shall be deemed to be a substitute project
 for the purposes of section 103(e)(4) of title 23, United States Code
 (other than subparagraphs (C) and (O)).
 (2) REDUCTION OF UNOBLIGATED INTERSTATE APPORTIONMENT- Unobligated
 apportionments for the Interstate System in the State of Wisconsin shall, on
 the date of approval of any substitute project or projects under subsection
 (a), be applied toward the Federal share of the costs of such substitute
 project or projects.
 (3) ADMINISTRATION THROUGH FHWA- The Secretary shall administer this section
 through the Federal Highway Administration.
 (4) FISCAL YEARS 1993 AND 1994 APPORTIONMENTS- For the purpose of apportioning
 funds for fiscal years 1993 and 1994 under section 104(b)(5)(A), the Secretary
 shall consider Wisconsin as having no remaining eligible costs. For the
 purpose of apportioning funds under section 104(b)(5)(A) of title 23,
 United States Code, for fiscal year 1995 and subsequent fiscal years,
 Wisconsin's actual remaining eligible costs shall be used.
 (e) TRANSFER OF APPORTIONMENTS- Wisconsin may transfer Interstate construction
 apportionments to its National Highway System in amounts equal to or less
 than the costs for additional work on sections of the Interstate System
 that have been built with Interstate construction funds and that are open
 to traffic as shown in the 1991 Interstate Cost Estimate.
SEC. 1046. CONTROL OF OUTDOOR ADVERTISING.
 (a) FUNDING- Section 131(m) of title 23, United States Code, is amended by
 adding at the end the following new sentence: `Subject to approval by the
 Secretary in accordance with the program of projects approval process of
 section 105, a State may use any funds apportioned to it under section 104
 of this title for removal of any sign, display, or device lawfully erected
 which does not conform to this section.'.
 (b) REMOVAL OF ILLEGAL SIGNS- Section 131 of such title is amended by adding
 at the end the following new subsection:
 `(r) REMOVAL OF ILLEGAL SIGNS-
 `(1) BY OWNERS- Any sign, display, or device along the Interstate System
 or the Federal-aid primary system which was not lawfully erected, shall be
 removed by the owner of such sign, display, or device not later than the
 90th day following the effective date of this subsection.
 `(2) BY STATES- If any owner does not remove a sign, display, or device
 in accordance with paragraph (1), the State within the borders of which
 the sign, display, or device is located shall remove the sign, display, or
 device. The owner of the removed sign, display, or device shall be liable
 to the State for the costs of such removal. Effective control under this
 section includes compliance with the first sentence of this paragraph.'.
 (c) SCENIC BYWAY PROHIBITION- Such section is further amended by adding at
 the end the following new subsections:
 `(s) SCENIC BYWAY PROHIBITION- If a State has a scenic byway program, the
 State may not allow the erection along any highway on the Interstate System
 or Federal-aid primary system which before, on, or after the effective date
 of this subsection, is designated as a scenic byway under such program of
 any sign, display, or device which is not in conformance with subsection
 (c) of this section. Control of any sign, display, or device on such a
 highway shall be in accordance with this section.
 `(t) PRIMARY SYSTEM DEFINED- For purposes of this section, the terms
 `primary system' and `Federal-aid primary system' mean the Federal-aid
 primary system in existence on June 1, 1991, and any highway which is not
 on such system but which is on the National Highway System.'.
 (d) STATE COMPLIANCE LAWS- The amendments made by this section shall not
 affect the status or validity of any existing compliance law or regulation
 adopted by a State pursuant to section 131 of title 23, United States Code.
SEC. 1047. SCENIC BYWAYS PROGRAM.
 (a) SCENIC BYWAYS ADVISORY COMMITTEE-
 (1) ESTABLISHMENT- Not later than 180 days after the date of the enactment of
 this Act, the Secretary shall establish in the Department of Transportation
 an advisory committee to assist the Secretary with respect to establishment
 of a national scenic byways program under title 23, United States Code.
 (2) MEMBERSHIP- The advisory committee established under this section shall
 be composed of 17 members as follows:
 (A) The Administrator of the Federal Highway Administration or the designee
 of the Administrator who shall serve as chairman of the advisory committee.
 (B) The Chief of the Forest Service of the Department of Agriculture or
 the designee of the Chief.
 (C) The Director of the National Park Service of the Department of the
 Interior or the designee of the Director.
 (D) The Director of the Bureau of Land Management of the Department of the
 Interior or the designee of the Director.
 (E) The Under Secretary for Travel and Tourism of the Department of Commerce
 or the designee of the Under Secretary.
 (F) The Assistant Secretary for Indian Affairs of the Department of the
 Interior or the designee of the Assistant Secretary.
 (G) 1 individual appointed by the Secretary who is specially qualified to
 represent the interests of conservationists on the advisory committee.
 (H) 1 individual appointed by the Secretary of Transportation who is
 specially qualified to represent the interests of recreational users of
 scenic byways on the advisory committee.
 (I) 1 individual appointed by the Secretary who is specially qualified to
 represent the interests of the tourism industry on the advisory committee.
 (J) 1 individual appointed by the Secretary who is specially qualified
 to represent the interests of historic preservationists on the advisory
 committee.
 (K) 1 individual appointed by the Secretary who is specially qualified to
 represent the interests of highway users on the advisory committee.
 (L) 1 individual appointed by the Secretary to represent State highway and
 transportation officials.
 (M) 1 individual appointed by the Secretary to represent local highway and
 transportation officials.
 (N) 1 individual appointed by the Secretary who is specially qualified to
 serve on the advisory committee as a planner.
 (O) 1 individual appointed by the Secretary who is specially qualified to
 represent the motoring public.
 (P) 1 individual appointed by the Secretary who is specially qualified to
 represent groups interested in scenic preservation.
 (Q) 1 individual appointed by the Secretary who represents the outdoor
 advertising industry.
Individuals appointed as members of the advisory committee under subparagraphs
(G) through (P) may be State and local government officials. Members shall
serve without compensation other than for reasonable expenses incident to
functions of the advisory committee.
 (3) FUNCTIONS- The advisory committee established under this subsection
 shall develop and make to the Secretary recommendations regarding minimum
 criteria for use by State and Federal agencies in designating highways as
 scenic byways and as all-American roads for purposes of a national scenic
 byways program to be established under title 23, United States Code. Such
 recommendations shall include recommendations on the following:
 (A) Consideration of the scenic beauty and historic significance of highways
 proposed for designation as scenic byways and all-American roads and the
 areas surrounding such highways.
 (B) Operation and management standards for highways designated as scenic
 byways and all-American roads, including strategies for maintaining or
 improving the qualities for which a highway is designated as a scenic byway
 or all-American road, for protecting and enhancing the landscape and view
 corridors surrounding such a highway, and for minimizing traffic congestion
 on such a highway.
 (C)(i) Standards for scenic byway-related signs, including those which
 identify highways as scenic byways and all-American roads.
 (ii) The advisability of uniform signs identifying highways as components
 of the scenic byway system.
 (D) Standards for maintaining highway safety on the scenic byway system.
 (E) Design review procedures for location of highway facilities, landscaping,
 and travelers' facilities on the scenic byway system.
 (F) Procedures for reviewing and terminating the designation of a highway
 designated as a scenic byway.
 (G) Such other matters as the advisory committee may deem appropriate.
 (H) Such other matters for which the Secretary may request recommendations.
 (4) REPORT- Not later than 18 months after the date of the enactment of this
 Act, the advisory committee established under this section shall submit to
 the Secretary and Congress a report containing the recommendations described
 in paragraph (3).
 (b) TECHNICAL AND FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE- The Secretary shall provide technical
 assistance to the States (as such term is defined under section 101 of title
 23, United States Code) and shall make grants to the States for the planning,
 design, and development of State scenic byway programs.
 (c) FEDERAL SHARE- The Federal share payable for the costs of planning,
 design, and development of State scenic byway programs under this section
 shall be 80 percent.
 (d) FUNDING- There shall be available to the Secretary for carrying out
 this section (other than subsection (f)), out of the Highway Trust Fund
 (other than the Mass Transit Account), $1,000,000 for fiscal year 1992,
 $3,000,000 for fiscal year 1993, $4,000,000 for fiscal year 1994, and
 $14,000,000 for each of the fiscal years 1995, 1996, and 1997. Such sums
 shall remain available until expended.
 (e) CONTRACT AUTHORITY- Notwithstanding any other provision of law,
 approval by the Secretary of a grant under this section shall be deemed
 a contractual obligation of the United States for payment of the Federal
 share of the cost of activities for which the grant is being made.
 (f) INTERIM SCENIC BYWAYS PROGRAM-
 (1) GRANT PROGRAM- During fiscal years 1992, 1993, and 1994, the Secretary may
 make grants to any State which has a scenic highway program for carrying out
 eligible projects on highways which the State has designated as scenic byways.
 (2) PRIORITY PROJECTS- In making grants under paragraph (1), the Secretary
 shall give priority to--
 (A) those eligible projects which are included in a corridor management plan
 for maintaining scenic, historic, recreational, cultural, and archeological
 characteristics of the corridor while providing for accommodation of
 increased tourism and development of related amenities;
 (B) those eligible projects for which a strong local commitment is
 demonstrated for implementing the management plans and protecting the
 characteristics for which the highway is likely to be designated as a
 scenic byway;
 (C) those eligible projects which are included in programs which can serve
 as models for other States to follow when establishing and designing scenic
 byways on an intrastate or interstate basis; and
 (D) those eligible projects in multi-State corridors where the States submit
 joint applications.
 (3) ELIGIBLE PROJECTS- The following are projects which are eligible for
 Federal assistance under this subsection:
 (A) Planning, design, and development of State scenic byway programs.
 (B) Making safety improvements to a highway designated as a scenic byway
 under this subsection to the extent such improvements are necessary to
 accommodate increased traffic, and changes in the types of vehicles using
 the highway, due to such designation.
 (C) Construction along the highway of facilities for the use of pedestrians
 and bicyclists, rest areas, turnouts, highway shoulder improvements,
 passing lanes, overlooks, and interpretive facilities.
 (D) Improvements to the highway which will enhance access to an area for
 the purpose of recreation, including water-related recreation.
 (E) Protecting historical and cultural resources in areas adjacent to
 the highway.
 (F) Developing and providing tourist information to the public, including
 interpretive information about the scenic byway.
 (4) FEDERAL SHARE- The Federal share payable for the costs of carrying
 out projects and developing programs under this subsection with funds made
 available pursuant to this subsection shall be 80 percent.
 (5) FUNDING- There shall be available to the Secretary for carrying out
 this subsection, out of the Highway Trust Fund (other than the Mass Transit
 Account), $10,000,000 for fiscal year 1992, $10,000,000 for fiscal year
 1993, and $10,000,000 for fiscal year 1994. Such sums shall remain available
 until expended.
 (g) LIMITATION- The Secretary shall not make a grant under this section
 for any project which would not protect the scenic, historic, recreational,
 cultural, natural, and archeological integrity of the highway and adjacent
 area. The Secretary may not use more than 10 percent of the funds authorized
 for each fiscal year under subsection (f)(5) for removal of any outdoor
 advertising sign, display, or device.
 (h) TREATMENT OF SCENIC HIGHWAYS IN OREGON- For purposes of this section,
 a highway designated as a scenic highway in the State of Oregon shall be
 treated as a scenic byway.
SEC. 1048. BUY AMERICA.
 (a) INCLUSION OF IRON- Section 165(a) of the Surface Transportation Assistance
 Act of 1982 (23 U.S.C. 101 note) is amended by inserting `, iron,' after
 `steel'.
 (b) WAIVERS; INTENTIONAL VIOLATIONS- Section 165 of such Act is amended by
 adding at the end the following new subsections:
 `(e) REPORT ON WAIVERS- By January 1, 1995, the Secretary shall submit
 to Congress a report on the purchases from foreign entities waived under
 subsection (b) in fiscal years 1992 and 1993, indicating the dollar value
 of items for which waivers were granted under subsection (b).
 `(f) INTENTIONAL VIOLATIONS- If it has been determined by a court or Federal
 agency that any person intentionally--
 `(1) affixed a label bearing a `Made in America' inscription, or any
 inscription with the same meaning, to any product used in projects to which
 this section applies, sold in or shipped to the United States that was not
 made in the United States; or
 `(2) represented that any product used in projects to which this section
 applies, sold in or shipped to the United States that was not produced in
 the United States, was produced in the United States;
that person shall be ineligible to receive any contract or subcontract made
with funds authorized under the Intermodal Surface Transportation Efficiency
Act of 1991 pursuant to the debarment, suspension, and ineligibility procedures
in subpart 9.4 of chapter 1 of title 48, Code of Federal Regulations.
 `(g) LIMITATION ON APPLICABILITY OF WAIVERS TO PRODUCTS PRODUCED IN CERTAIN
 FOREIGN COUNTRIES- If the Secretary, in consultation with the United States
 Trade Representative, determines that--
 `(1) a foreign country is a party to an agreement with the United States
 and pursuant to that agreement the head of an agency of the United States
 has waived the requirements of this section, and
 `(2) the foreign country has violated the terms of the agreement by
 discriminating against products covered by this section that are produced
 in the United States and are covered by the agreement,
the provisions of subsection (b) shall not apply to products produced in
that foreign country.'.
SEC. 1049. DESIGN STANDARDS.
 (a) SURVEY- The Secretary shall conduct a survey to identify current State
 standards relating to geometric design, traffic control devices, roadside
 safety, safety appurtenance design, uniform traffic control devices, and
 sign legibility and directional clarity for all Federal-aid highways. The
 purpose of the survey is to determine the necessity of upgrading such
 standards in order to enhance highway safety. In conducting the survey,
 the Secretary shall take into consideration posted speed limits as they
 relate to the design of the highway.
 (b) REPORT- Not later than 2 years after the date of the enactment of
 this Act, the Secretary shall transmit to the Committee on Public Works
 and Transportation of the House of Representatives and the Committee on
 Environment and Public Works of the Senate a report on the results of the
 survey conducted under this section, and on the crashworthiness of traffic
 lights, traffic signs, guardrails, impact attenuators, concrete barrier
 treatments, and breakaway utility poles for bridges and roadways currently
 used by States, together with any recommendations of the Secretary relating
 to the purpose of the survey.
SEC. 1050. TRANSPORTATION IN PARKLANDS.
 (a) IN GENERAL- Not later than 12 months after the date of the enactment of
 this Act, the Secretary, in consultation with the Secretary of the Interior,
 shall conduct and transmit to Congress a study of alternative transportation
 modes for use in the National Park System. In conducting such study,
 the Secretary shall consider (1) the economic and technical feasibility,
 environmental effects, projected costs and benefits as compared to the costs
 and benefits of existing transportation systems, and general suitability
 of transportation modes that would provide efficient and environmentally
 sound ingress to and egress from National Park lands; and (2) methods to
 obtain private capital for the construction of such transportation modes
 and related infrastructure.
 (b) FUNDING- From sums authorized to be appropriated for park roads and
 parkways for fiscal year 1992, $300,000 shall be available to carry out
 this section.
SEC. 1051. WORK ZONE SAFETY.
 The Secretary shall develop and implement a work zone safety program which
 will improve work zone safety at highway construction sites by enhancing the
 quality and effectiveness of traffic control devices, safety appurtenances,
 traffic control plans, and bidding practices for traffic control devices
 and services.
SEC. 1052. NEW HAMPSHIRE FEDERAL-AID PAYBACK.
 (a) EFFECT OF REPAYMENT- The amount of all Federal-aid highway funds paid on
 account of those completed sections of the Nashua-Hudson Circumferential in
 the State of New Hampshire referred to in subsection (c) of this section
 shall, prior to the collection of any tolls thereon, be repaid to the
 Treasurer of the United States before October 1, 1992. The amount so repaid
 shall be deposited to the credit of the appropriation for `Federal-Aid
 Highway (Trust Fund)'. Such repayment shall be credited to the unprogrammed
 balance of funds apportioned to the State of New Hampshire in accordance with
 section 104(b)(1) of title 23, United States Code. The amount so credited
 shall be in addition to all other funds then apportioned to such State and
 shall remain available until expended.
 (b) USE OF REPAID FUNDS- Upon repayment of Federal-aid highway funds and
 the cancellation and withdrawal from the Federal-Aid Highway Program of
 the projects on the section in subsection (c) as provided in subsection (a)
 of this section, such section of this route shall become and be free of any
 and all restrictions contained in title 23, United States Code, as amended or
 supplemented, or in any regulation thereunder, with respect to the imposition
 and collection of tolls or other charges thereon or for the use thereof.
 (c) PROJECT DESCRIPTION- The provisions of this section shall apply to the
 section of the completed Nashua-Hudson Circumferential between the Daniel
 Webster Highway in the city of Nashua and New Hampshire Route 3A in the
 town of Hudson.
SEC. 1053. METRIC SYSTEM SIGNING.
 Section 144 of the Federal-Aid Highway Act of 1978 (92 Stat. 2713; 23
 U.S.C. 109 note) is repealed.
SEC. 1054. TEMPORARY MATCHING FUND WAIVER.
 (a) WAIVER OF MATCHING SHARE- Notwithstanding any other provision of law,
 the Federal share of any qualifying project approved by the Secretary under
 title 23, United States Code, and of any qualifying project for which the
 United States becomes obligated to pay under title 23, United States Code,
 during the period beginning on October 1, 1991, and ending September 30,
 1993, shall be the percentage of the construction cost as the State requests,
 up to and including 100 percent.
 (b) REPAYMENT- The total amount of increases in the Federal share made
 pursuant to subsection (a) for any State shall be repaid to the United States
 by the State on or before March 30, 1994. Payments shall be deposited in the
 Highway Trust Fund and repaid amounts shall be credited to the appropriate
 apportionment accounts of the State.
 (c) DEDUCTION FROM APPORTIONMENTS- If a State has not made the repayment as
 required by subsection (b), the Secretary shall deduct from funds apportioned
 to the State under title 23, United States Code, in each of the fiscal years
 1995 and 1996, a pro rata share of each category of apportioned funds. The
 amount which shall be deducted in each fiscal year shall be equal to 50
 percent of the amount needed for repayment. Any amount deducted under
 this subsection shall be reapportioned for fiscal years 1995 and 1996 in
 accordance with title 23, United States Code, to those States which have
 not received a higher Federal share under this section and to those States
 which have made the repayment required by subsection (b).
 (d) QUALIFYING PROJECT DEFINED- For purposes of this section, the term
 `qualifying project' means a project approved by the Secretary after the
 effective date of this title, or a project for which the United States
 becomes obligated to pay after such effective date, and for which the
 Governor of the State submitting the project has certified, in accordance
 with regulations established by the Secretary, that sufficient funds are
 not available to pay the cost of the non-Federal share of the project.
SEC. 1055. RELOCATION ASSISTANCE REGULATIONS RELATING TO THE RURAL
ELECTRIFICATION ADMINISTRATION.
 Section 213(c) of the Uniform Relocation Assistance and Real Property
 Acquisition Policies Act of 1970 (42 U.S.C. 4633(c)) is amended by inserting
 `and the Rural Electrification Administration' after `Tennessee Valley
 Authority'.
SEC. 1056. USE OF HIGH OCCUPANCY VEHICLE LANES BY MOTORBIKES.
 Section 163 of the Surface Transportation Assistance Act of 1982 (23
 U.S.C. 146 note) is amended--
 (1) by inserting before `and acceptance' the following: `, after notice in
 the Federal Register and an opportunity for public comment,'; and
 (2) by adding at the end the following: `Any certification made before the
 date of the enactment of the Intermodal Surface Transportation Efficiency
 Act of 1991 shall not be recognized by the Secretary until the Secretary
 publishes notice of such certification in the Federal Register and provides
 an opportunity for public comment on such certification.'.
SEC. 1057. EROSION CONTROL GUIDELINES.
 (a) DEVELOPMENT- The Secretary shall develop erosion control guidelines for
 States to follow in carrying out construction projects funded in whole or
 in part under this title.
 (b) MORE STRINGENT STATE REQUIREMENTS- Guidelines developed under subsection
 (a) shall not preempt any requirement made by or under State law if such
 requirement is more stringent than the guidelines.
 (c) CONSISTENCY WITH OTHER PROGRAMS- Guidelines developed under subsection
 (a) shall be consistent with nonpoint source management programs under
 section 319 of the Federal Water Pollution Control Act and coastal nonpoint
 pollution control guidance under section 6217(g) of the Omnibus Budget
 Reconciliation Act of 1990.
SEC. 1058. ROADSIDE BARRIER TECHNOLOGY.
 (a) REQUIREMENT FOR INNOVATIVE BARRIERS- Not less than 2 1/2  percent of
 the mileage of new or replacement permanent median barriers included in
 awarded contracts along Federal-aid highways within the boundaries of a
 State in each calendar year shall be innovative safety barriers.
 (b) CERTIFICATION- Each State shall annually certify to the Secretary its
 compliance with the requirements of this section.
 (c) DEFINITION OF INNOVATIVE SAFETY BARRIER- For purposes of this section,
 the term `innovative safety barrier' means a median barrier, other than a
 guardrail, classified by the Federal Highway Administration as `experimental'
 or that was classified as `operational' after January 1, 1985.
SEC. 1059. USE OF TOURIST ORIENTED DIRECTIONAL SIGNS.
 (a) IN GENERAL- The Secretary shall encourage the States to provide for
 equitable participation in the use of tourist oriented directional signs or
 `logo' signs along the Interstate System and the Federal-aid primary system
 (as defined under section 131(t) of title 23, United States Code).
 (b) STUDY- Not later than 1 year after the effective date of this title, the
 Secretary shall conduct a study and report to Congress on the participation
 in the use of signs referred to in subsection (a) and the practices of the
 States with respect to the use of such signs.
SEC. 1060. PRIVATE SECTOR INVOLVEMENT PROGRAM.
 (a) ESTABLISHMENT- The Secretary shall establish a private sector involvement
 program to encourage States to contract with private firms for engineering
 and design services in carrying out Federal-aid highway projects when it
 would be cost effective.
 (b) GRANTS TO STATES-
 (1) IN GENERAL- In conducting the program under this section, the Secretary
 may make grants in each of fiscal years 1992, 1993, 1994, 1995, 1996,
 and 1997 to not less than 3 States which the Secretary determines have
 implemented in the fiscal year preceding the fiscal year of the grant the
 most effective programs for increasing the percentage of funds expended
 for contracting with private firms (including small business concerns and
 small business concerns owned and controlled by socially and economically
 disadvantaged individuals) for engineering and design services in carrying
 out Federal-aid highway projects.
 (2) USE OF GRANTS- A grant received by a State under this subsection may be
 used by the State only for awarding contracts for engineering and design
 services to carry out projects and activities for which Federal funds may
 be obligated under title 23, United States Code.
 (3) FUNDING- There are authorized to be appropriated to carry out this
 section $5,000,000 for each of fiscal years 1992 through 1997. Such sums
 shall remain available until expended.
 (c) REPORT BY FHWA- Not later than 120 days after the date of the enactment
 of this Act, the Administrator of the Federal Highway Administration shall
 submit to the Secretary a report on the amount of funds expended by each
 State in fiscal years 1980 through 1990 on contracts with private sector
 engineering and design firms in carrying out Federal-aid highway projects. The
 Secretary shall use information in the report to evaluate State engineering
 and design programs for the purpose of awarding grants under subsection (b).
 (d) REPORT TO CONGRESS- Not later than 2 years after the date of the
 enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall transmit to Congress a report
 on implementation of the program established under this section.
 (e) ENGINEERING AND DESIGN SERVICES DEFINED- The term `engineering and
 design services' means any category of service described in section 112(b)
 of title 23, United States Code.
 (f) REGULATIONS- Not later than 180 days after the date of the enactment
 of this Act, the Secretary shall issue regulations to carry out this section.
SEC. 1061. UNIFORM TRAFFIC CONTROL DEVICES.
 (a) HIGHWAY PROJECT- The Secretary shall carry out a highway project in
 the State of Arkansas to demonstrate the benefits of providing training
 to county and town traffic officials in the need for and application of
 uniform traffic control devices and to demonstrate the safety benefits of
 providing for adequate and safe warning and regulatory signs.
 (b) AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS FROM HIGHWAY TRUST FUNDS- There is
 authorized to be appropriated out of the Highway Trust Fund, other than
 the Mass Transit Account, for fiscal year 1992 to carry out this section--
 (1) $200,000 for providing training; and
 (2) $1,000,000 for providing warning and regulatory signs to counties,
 towns and cities.
Amounts provided under paragraph (2) shall be divided equally between counties
with a total county population of 20,000 or less and counties with a total
county population of more than 20,000. Such amounts shall be distributed
fairly and equitably among counties, cities, and towns within those counties.
 (c) APPLICABILITY OF TITLE 23- Funds authorized by this section shall be
 available for obligation in the same manner as if such funds were apportioned
 under chapter 1 of title 23, United States Code, except that the Federal
 share of the cost of the project under this section shall be 80 percent
 and such funds shall remain available until expended. Funds made available
 under this section shall not be subject to any obligation limitation.
 (d) REPORT- Not later than 2 years after the date of the enactment of this
 Act, the Secretary shall transmit a report to Congress on the effectiveness
 of the project carried out under this section.
SEC. 1062. MOLLY ANN'S BROOK, NEW JERSEY.
 The Secretary shall carry out a project to make modifications to bridges
 necessary for the Secretary of the Army to carry out a project for flood
 control, Molly Ann's Brook, New Jersey, authorized by section 401 of the
 Water Resources Development Act of 1986 (100 Stat. 4119). Any Federal
 expenditures under this part for such project shall be treated as part of
 the non-Federal share of the cost of such flood control project.
SEC. 1063. PRESIDENTIAL HIGHWAY, FULTON COUNTY, GEORGIA.
 (a) GENERAL RULE- Notwithstanding any other provision of law, the Secretary
 shall approve the construction of the Department of Transportation project
 MEACU-9152(2) in Fulton County, Georgia, as described in the legal settlement
 agreed to for the project by the Georgia Department of Transportation, the
 city of Atlanta, and CAUTION, Inc. Execution of the settlement agreement by
 those parties and approval of the settlement agreement by the DeKalb County,
 Georgia Superior Court shall be deemed to constitute full compliance with
 all Federal laws applicable to carrying out the project.
 (b) LIMITATIONS ON FEDERAL FUNDING- With the exception of Federal funds
 expended for construction of the project described in subsection (a)
 and with the exception of Federal funds appropriated or authorized for
 the acquisition, creation, or development of parks or battlefield sites,
 no further Federal funds, including funds from the Highway Trust Fund
 and funds appropriated for the Federal-aid highway systems, shall be
 authorized, appropriated, or expended for expanding the capacity of the
 project described in subsection (a) or for new construction of a Federal-aid
 highway in any portion of rights-of-way previously acquired for Department
 of Transportation project MEACU-9152(2) which is not used for construction
 of such project as described in subsection (a) and in any portion of the
 rights-of-way previously acquired for Georgia project I-485-1(46) in Fulton
 County, Georgia; Georgia project U-061-1(14) in Fulton and DeKalb Counties,
 Georgia; and Georgia project F-056-1(12) in Fulton County, Georgia.
 (c) LIMITATION ON EFFECT- In the event that the settlement agreement
 referred to in subsection (a) is not executed by the parties or approved
 by the DeKalb County, Georgia Superior Court in Case No. 88-6429-3, this
 section shall have no force or effect.
SEC. 1064. CONSTRUCTION OF FERRY BOATS AND FERRY TERMINAL FACILITIES.
 (a) IN GENERAL- The Secretary shall carry out a program for construction of
 ferry boats and ferry terminal facilities in accordance with section 129(c)
 of title 23, United States Code.
 (b) FEDERAL SHARE- The Federal share payable for construction of ferry
 boats and ferry terminal facilities under this section shall be 80 percent
 of the cost thereof.
 (c) FUNDING- There shall be available, out of the Highway Trust Fund (other
 than the Mass Transit Account), to the Secretary for obligation at the
 discretion of the Secretary $14,000,000 for fiscal year 1992, $17,000,000
 per fiscal year for each of fiscal years 1993, 1994, 1995, and 1996, and
 $18,000,000 for fiscal year 1997 in carrying out this section. Such sums
 shall remain available until expended.
 (d) APPLICABILITY OF TITLE 23- All provisions of chapter 1 of title 23,
 United States Code, that are applicable to the National Highway System,
 other than provisions relating to apportionment formula and Federal share,
 shall apply to funds made available to carry out this section, except as
 determined by the Secretary to be inconsistent with this section.
 (e) TREATMENT OF CERTAIN ROADS- For purposes of this section, North Carolina
 State Routes 12, 45, 306, 615, and 168 and United States Route 421 in the
 State of North Carolina shall be treated as principal arterials.
SEC. 1065. ORANGE COUNTY TOLL PILOT PROJECTS.
 (a) EXEMPTION OF CERTAIN LANDS- For the purposes of any approval by the
 Secretary of proposed highway improvements authorized by section 129(d)(3)
 of title 23, United States Code, in Orange County, California, pursuant to
 section 303 of title 49, United States Code, and section 138 of title 23,
 United States Code, those sections (collectively known as `section 4(f)')
 shall not be applicable to public park, recreation area, wildlife and
 waterfowl refuge (collectively referred to hereinafter in this section as
 `parkland')--
 (1) that are acquired by a public entity after a governmental agency's
 approval of a State or Federal environmental document established the
 location of a highway adjacent to the parklands; or
 (2) where the planning or acquisition documents for the parklands specifically
 referred to or reserved the specific location of the highway.
 (b) APPLICABILITY- Without limiting its prospective application, this
 section shall apply to any approval of the proposed highway improvements
 by the Secretary prior to the effective date of this section only if--
 (1) the approximately 360 acres comprising the proposed Upper Peters Canyon
 Regional Park in Orange County, California, is conveyed to a public agency
 for use as public park and recreation land or a wildlife or waterfowl refuge,
 or both, within 90 days of such effective date;
 (2) the approximately 100 acres of lands described as the Dedication Area in
 that certain Option Agreement dated April 16, 1991, by and between the city
 of Laguna Beach and the owner thereof is conveyed to a public agency for
 use as public park and recreation land for a wildlife or waterfowl refuge,
 or both, within 90 days of such effective date.
 (c) PURPOSE- This section is adopted in recognition of unique circumstances
 in Orange County, California, including a comprehensive land use planning
 process; the joint planning of thousands of acres of parklands with
 the locations of the proposed highway improvement; the provision of
 rights-of-way for high occupancy vehicle lanes and fixed rail transit
 in the 3 transportation corridors; the use of toll financing, which will
 discourage excessive automobile travel; and the inclusion of a county-wide
 growth management element and substantial local transit funding commitment
 in the county's voter-approved supplemental sales tax for transportation.
 (d) LIMITATIONS ON STATUTORY CONSTRUCTION- In no event shall this section
 be construed to apply to any other highway projects other than the proposed
 San Joaquin Hills, Foothill, and Eastern Transportation Corridor highways
 in Orange County, California. Nothing in this section is intended to waive
 any provision of law (including the National Environmental Policy Act, the
 Endangered Species Act, and the National Historic Preservation Act) other
 than the specific exemptions to section 303 of title 49 and section 138 of
 title 23, United States Code. Nothing in this section shall be construed to
 give effect to or approve regulations issued pursuant to section 4(f) and
 published in the Federal Register on April 1, 1991 (56 Federal Register 62).
SEC. 1066. RECODIFICATION.
 The Secretary shall, by October 1, 1993, prepare a proposed recodification
 of title 23, United States Code, and related laws and submit the proposed
 recodification to Congress for consideration.
SEC. 1067. PRIOR DEMONSTRATION PROJECTS.
 (a) TAMPA, FLORIDA- The unobligated balance of funds provided under section
 149 of the Surface Transportation and Uniform Relocation Assistance Act of
 1987 for carrying out subsection (a)(81) of such section shall be available
 to the Secretary for carrying out a highway project to widen, modernize,
 and make safety improvements to interstate route I-4 in Hillsborough
 County, Florida, from its intersection with I-275 in Tampa, Florida, to
 the Hillsborough-Polk County line.
 (b) SANTA FE, NEW MEXICO- The unobligated balance of funds provided under
 section 149 of the Surface Transportation and Uniform Relocation Assistance
 Act of 1987 for carrying out subsection (a)(107) of such section shall be
 available to the Secretary for carrying out a highway project to construct
 a bypass for Santa Fe, New Mexico.
 (c) LARKSPUR TO KORBEL, CALIFORNIA- The unobligated balance of funds provided
 under section 149 of the Surface Transportation and Uniform Relocation
 Assistance Act of 1987 for carrying out subsection (a)(41)(B) of such
 section shall be available to the Secretary for carrying out a highway
 project to construct a transportation corridor along a right-of-way which
 is parallel to Route 101 in California and connects Larkspur, California,
 and Korbel, California.
 (d) PASSAIC AND BERGEN COUNTIES, NEW JERSEY- The highway project authorized
 by section 149(a)(1) of the Surface Transportation and Uniform Relocation
 Assistance Act of 1987 (101 Stat. 181), shall include improvements to
 New Jersey State Route 21, the Crooks Avenue interchange between United
 States Route 46 and New Jersey State Route 20, and the United States
 Route 46 bridge over the Passaic River between Clifton and Elmwood Park,
 New Jersey. Notwithstanding any other provision of law, the Governor of
 the State of New Jersey shall carry out with respect to the construction
 of such highway project all of the responsibilities of the Secretary under
 title 23, United States Code, and all other provisions of law. To provide
 for expedited completion of the project, the Governor is authorized to waive
 any and all Federal requirements relating to the scheduling of activities
 associated with such highway project, including final design and right-of-way
 acquisition activities.
SEC. 1068. STORMWATER PERMIT REQUIREMENTS.
 (a) GENERAL RULE- Notwithstanding the requirements of sections 402(p)(2) (B),
 (C), and (D) of the Federal Water Pollution Control Act, permit application
 deadlines for stormwater discharges associated with industrial activities
 from facilities that are owned or operated by a municipality shall be
 established by the Administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency
 (hereinafter in this section referred to as the `Administrator') pursuant
 to the requirements of this section.
 (b) PERMIT APPLICATIONS-
 (1) INDIVIDUAL APPLICATIONS- The Administrator shall require individual
 permit applications for discharges described in subsection (a) on or before
 October 1, 1992; except that any municipality that has participated in a
 timely part I group application for an industrial activity discharging
 stormwater that is denied such participation in a group application or
 for which a group application is denied shall not be required to submit an
 individual application until the 180th day following the date on which the
 denial is made.
 (2) GROUP APPLICATIONS- With respect to group applications for permits for
 discharges described in subsection (a), the Administrator shall require--
 (A) part I applications on or before September 30, 1991, except that any
 municipality with a population of less than 250,000 shall not be required
 to submit a part I application before May 18, 1992; and
 (B) part II applications on or before October 1, 1992, except that any
 municipality with a population of less than 250,000 shall not be required
 to submit a part II application before May 17, 1993.
 (c) MUNICIPALITIES WITH LESS THAN 100,000 POPULATION- The Administrator
 shall not require any municipality with a population of less than 100,000 to
 apply for or obtain a permit for any stormwater discharge associated with
 an industrial activity other than an airport, powerplant, or uncontrolled
 sanitary landfill owned or operated by such municipality before October
 1, 1992, unless such permit is required by section 402(p)(2) (A) or (E)
 of the Federal Water Pollution Control Act.
 (d) UNCONTROLLED SANITARY LANDFILL DEFINED- For the purposes of this section,
 the term `uncontrolled sanitary landfill' means a landfill or open dump,
 whether in operation or closed, that does not meet the requirements for
 run-on and run-off controls established pursuant to subtitle D of the Solid
 Waste Disposal Act.
 (e) LIMITATION ON STATUTORY CONSTRUCTION- Nothing in this section shall be
 construed to affect any application or permit requirement, including any
 deadline, to apply for or obtain a permit for stormwater discharges subject
 to section 402(p)(2) (A) or (E) of the Federal Water Pollution Control Act.
 (f) REGULATIONS- The Administrator shall issue final regulations with respect
 to general permits for stormwater discharges associated with industrial
 activity on or before February 1, 1992.
SEC. 1069. MISCELLANEOUS HIGHWAY PROJECT AUTHORIZATIONS.
 (a) BALTIMORE-WASHINGTON PARKWAY- There is authorized to be appropriated
 $74,000,000 for renovation and reconstruction of the Baltimore-Washington
 Parkway in Prince Georges County, Maryland. The Federal share of the cost
 of such project shall be 100 percent.
 (b) EXIT 26 BRIDGE- There is authorized to be appropriated $22,400,000 for
 construction of the Exit 26 Bridge in Schenectady County, New York. The
 Federal share of the cost of such project shall be 80 percent.
 (c) CUMBERLAND GAP TUNNEL- There are authorized to be appropriated such sums
 as may be necessary to complete construction of the Cumberland Gap Tunnel,
 Kentucky, including associated approaches and other necessary road work. The
 Federal share of the cost of such project shall be 100 percent.
 (d) RIVERSIDE EXPRESSWAY- There is authorized to be appropriated $53,400,000
 for construction of the Riverside Expressway, including bridges crossing
 the Monongahela River and Buffalo Creek, in the vicinity of Fairmont, West
 Virginia. The Federal share of the cost of such project shall be 80 percent.
 (e) BUSWAY- There is authorized to be appropriated $39,500,000 for design
 and construction of an exclusive busway linking Pittsburgh and Pittsburgh
 Airport. The Federal share of such project shall be 80 percent.
 (f) EXTON BYPASS- There is authorized to be appropriated $11,004,000 for
 construction of the Exton Bypass, in Exton, Pennsylvania. The Federal share
 of such project shall be 80 percent.
 (g) PENNSYLVANIA ROUTE 33 EXTENSION- There is authorized to be appropriated
 $5,400,000 for extension of Route 33 in Northampton County, Pennsylvania. The
 Federal share of such project shall be 80 percent.
 (h) U.S. ROUTE 202- There is authorized to be appropriated $4,500,000 for
 construction of U.S. Route 202. The Federal share of such project shall be
 80 percent.
 (i) WOODROW WILSON BRIDGE- There is authorized to be appropriated $15,000,000
 for rehabilitation of the Woodrow Wilson Bridge. The Federal share of such
 project shall be 100 percent.
 (j) WARREN OUTERBELT IMPROVEMENT, WARREN, OHIO- There is authorized to be
 appropriated $1,000,000 for design and construction of Warren Outerbelt
 improvements, Warren, Ohio. The Federal share of such project shall be
 80 percent.
 (k) OHIO STATE ROUTE 46 IMPROVEMENTS- There is authorized to be
 appropriated $2,000,000 for design and construction of Ohio State Route 46
 improvements. The Federal share of such project shall be 80 percent.
 (l) OHIO STATE ROUTE 5 IMPROVEMENTS- There is authorized to be appropriated
 $1,000,000 for design and construction of Ohio State Route 5 improvements. The
 Federal share of such project shall be 80 percent.
 (m) U.S. ROUTE 62 IMPROVEMENTS, OHIO- There is authorized to be appropriated
 $1,000,000 for design and construction of U.S. Route 62 improvements,
 Ohio. The Federal share of such project shall be 80 percent.
 (n) OHIO STATE ROUTE 534 IMPROVEMENTS- There is authorized to be
 appropriated $1,000,000 for design and construction of Ohio State Route
 534 improvements. The Federal share of such project shall be 80 percent.
 (o) OHIO STATE ROUTE 45 IMPROVEMENTS- There is authorized to be
 appropriated $1,000,000 for design and construction of Ohio State Route 45
 improvements. The Federal share of such project shall be 80 percent.
 (p) ROUTE 120, LOCK HAVEN, PENNSYLVANIA- There is authorized to be
 appropriated $4,000,000 for the widening of Route 120 and the removal of
 unstable rockfill area, Lock Haven, Pennsylvania. The Federal share of such
 project shall be 80 percent.
 (q) TRUSS BRIDGE, TIOGA RIVER, LAWRENCEVILLE, PENNSYLVANIA- There is
 authorized to be appropriated $3,200,000 to replace the existing Truss
 Bridge across the Tioga River, in Lawrenceville, Pennsylvania. The Federal
 share of such project shall be 80 percent.
 (r) U.S. ROUTE 6, BRADFORD COUNTY, PENNSYLVANIA- There is authorized to
 be appropriated $3,000,000 for the widening of U.S. Route 6 (Wysox Narrows
 Road), in Bradford County, Pennsylvania. The Federal share of such project
 shall be 80 percent.
 (s) SEBRING/MANSFIELD BYPASS, PENNSYLVANIA- There is authorized to be
 appropriated $4,800,000 for design and construction of the Sebring/Mansfield
 Bypass on U.S. 15, Pennsylvania. The Federal share of such project shall
 be 80 percent.
 (t) I-5 IMPROVEMENTS- The States of Oregon and Washington should give
 priority consideration to improvements on the I-5 Corridor. The Secretary
 shall give priority consideration to funding I-5 improvements in Oregon
 and Washington from section 118(c)(2) of title 23, United States Code, as
 amended by this Act. The Secretary shall give the highest priority to those
 Oregon projects identified in the State's transportation improvement plan.
 (u) ROUTE 219- The Secretary shall designate Route 219 from the Maryland
 line to Buffalo, New York, as part of the National Highway System.
 (v) COALFIELDS EXPRESSWAY- There is authorized to be appropriated such
 sums as may be necessary for design and construction of the project
 known as `Coalfields Expressway' from Beckley, West Virginia, to the West
 Virginia-Virginia State line, generally following the corridor defined by,
 but not necessarily limited to, Routes 54, 97, 10, 16, and 93. The Federal
 share of such project shall be 80 percent.
 (w) UNITED STATES ROUTE 119- There is authorized to be appropriated
 $70,000,000 for upgrading United States Route 119 to 4 lanes beginning west
 of Huddy, Kentucky. The Federal share of such project shall be 80 percent.
 (x) CHAMBERSBURG, PENNSYLVANIA- Not later than 30 days after the date
 of the enactment of this Act, in Chambersburg, Pennsylvania, at both the
 intersection of Lincoln Way and Sixth Street and the intersection of Lincoln
 Way and Coldbrook Avenue, the Pennsylvania Department of Transportation shall
 include an exclusive pedestrian phase in the existing lighting sequence
 between the hours of 8:00 and 8:30 a.m. and between the hours of 2:45 and
 3:45 p.m. on weekdays.
 (y) CONSTRUCTION OF AND IMPROVEMENTS TO THE APPALACHIAN DEVELOPMENT HIGHWAY
 SYSTEM- There is authorized to be appropriated such sums as may be necessary
 for projects involving construction of, and improvements to, corridors of
 the Appalachian Development Highway System.
 (z) UNITED STATES ROUTE 52 IN WEST VIRGINIA- (1) There is authorized to be
 appropriated such sums as may be necessary for projects for the construction,
 renovation, and reconstruction of United States Route 52 in West Virginia.
 (2) The Federal share payable on account of any such project shall be 80
 percent of the cost thereof.
 (aa) ROUTE 219, NEW YORK- (1) For the purpose of projects to improve and
 upgrade Route 219 in New York, from Springeville to the Pennsylvania border
 Route 219 shall be considered as eligible for funding under the Appalachian
 Development Highway System.
 (2) For purposes of paragraph (1) there is authorized to be appropriated
 such sums as may be necessary. The Federal share payable on account of such
 project shall be 80 percent of the cost thereof.
 (bb) ROUTES 5 AND 92 CONGESTION MANAGEMENT PROJECT- There is authorized to
 be appropriated $20,000,000 to carry out a project to relieve congestion in
 the vicinity of the intersection of routes 5 and 92 in the Towns of Manlius,
 New York, and Dewitt, New York.
 (cc) ROCHESTER ADVANCED TRAFFIC MANAGEMENT SYSTEM- There is authorized to
 be appropriated $15,000,000 to implement an integrated advanced traffic
 management/advanced driver information system in the city of Rochester,
 New York.
 (dd) RENSSELAER ACCESS PROJECT- There is authorized to be appropriated
 $35,000,000 to construct a new interchange (Exit 8) on Interstate Route 90,
 which includes an access-controlled roadway, in Rensselaer County, New York.
 (ee) GOWANUS EXPRESSWAY CORRIDOR IMPROVEMENTS- There is authorized to be
 appropriated $200,000,000 to carry out improvements to the Gowanus Expressway
 Corridor in Brooklyn, New York.
 (ff) I-287 CROSS WESTCHESTER EXPRESSWAY HIGH OCCUPANCY VEHICLE LANE PROJECT-
 There is authorized to be appropriated $200,000,000 to construct High
 Occupancy Vehicle Lanes on the Cross Westchester Expressway in Westchester
 County, New York.
 (gg) OAK POINT LINK FREIGHT ACCESS PROJECT- There is authorized to be
 appropriated $150,000,000 to complete the construction of the Oak Point
 Link in the Harlem River in New York City, New York.
 (hh) OPERATIONAL IMPROVEMENTS, FRANKLIN DELANO ROOSEVELT DRIVE- There
 is authorized to be appropriated $50,000,000 to carry out operational and
 safety improvements to the Franklin Delano Roosevelt Drive in New York City,
 New York.
SEC. 1070. MODIFICATIONS OF NIAGARA FALLS BRIDGE COMMISSION CHARTER.
 (a) PAYMENT OF COSTS-
 (1) IN GENERAL- Section 4 of the joint resolution entitled `Joint resolution
 creating the Niagara Falls Bridge Commission and authorizing said Commission
 and its successors to construct, maintain, and operate a bridge across the
 Niagara River at or near the city of Niagara Falls, New York', approved
 June 16, 1938, as amended (hereinafter in this section referred to as the
 `Joint Resolution'), is amended to read as follows:
 `SEC. 4. The Commission is authorized to issue its obligations to provide
 funds for the acquisition or construction of bridges (provided the same is
 authorized by Act or Joint Resolution of Congress of the United States),
 and the repair, renovation and expansion of the same, working capital and
 other expenditures and deposits convenient to carrying out the Commission's
 purposes. The terms of the obligations shall be determined by resolution
 of the Commission (subject to such agreements with bondholders as may then
 exist), including provisions regarding rates of interest (either fixed or
 variable), contracts for credit support, risk management, liquidity or
 other financial arrangements, security or provision for payment of the
 obligations and such contracts (including the general obligation of the
 Commission and the pledge of all or any particular revenues or proceeds
 of obligations of the Commission). The obligations shall be sold at public
 or private sale at such prices above or below par as the Commission shall
 determine. As used herein `bridges' includes approaches thereto, land,
 easements and functionally related appurtenances.'.
 (2) EXISTING CONTRACTUAL RIGHTS- The amendments made by paragraph (1)
 shall be subject to the contractual rights of the holders of any of the
 bonds of the Niagara Falls Bridge Commission which are outstanding as of
 the date of the enactment of this section.
 (b) REPAYMENTS- Section 5 of the Joint Resolution is amended--
 (1) in the first sentence--
 (A) by striking `a fund' and `a sinking fund' each place such terms appear
 and inserting `funds',
 (B) by striking `herein provided' and inserting `provided by resolution',
 (C) by striking `bonds' and inserting `obligations,', and
 (D) by striking `bridge' and inserting `bridges' each place such term
 appears, and
 (2) by striking the second and third sentences and inserting: `After payment
 or provision for payment of the foregoing uses, the remainder of the tolls
 shall be applied, as and when the Commission determines, for purposes
 convenient to the accomplishment of its purposes.'.
 (c) TREATMENT OF COMMISSION- The last sentence of section 6 of the Joint
 Resolution is amended to read as follows: `The Commission shall be deemed
 for purposes of all Federal law to be a public agency or public authority
 of the State of New York, notwithstanding any other provision of law.'.
 (d) ADMINISTRATIVE PROVISIONS- Section 8 of the Joint Resolution is amended
 in the second sentence thereof by striking out `shall not be entitled to any
 compensation for their services but' and inserting `shall be entitled to
 reimbursement for actual expenses incurred in the performance of official
 duties and to a per diem allowance per member of $150 when rendering
 services as such member (but not exceeding $10,000 for any member in any
 fiscal year).'.
SEC. 1071. PEACE BRIDGE TRUCK INSPECTION FACILIITIES.
 Notwithstanding any other provision of law, the Administrator of General
 Services shall lease truck inspection facilities for the Peace Bridge. Such
 facilities must be immediately adjacent to the intersection of Porter Avenue
 and the New York State Thruway in Buffalo, New York. Before leasing such
 facilities, the Administrator must be assured that the facilities will
 be offered at a fair market price and that the facilities chosen will
 be connected to the bridge by a secure access road. Provided that these
 conditions are met, the Administrator shall enter into the lease on or
 before April 30, 1992.
SEC. 1072. VEHICLE PROXIMITY ALERT SYSTEM.
 The Secretary shall coordinate the field testing of the vehicle proximity
 alert system and comparable systems to determine their feasibility for use
 by priority vehicles as an effective railroad-highway grade crossing safety
 device. In the event the vehicle proximity alert or a comparable system proves
 to be technologically and economically feasible, the Secretary shall develop
 and implement appropriate programs under section 130 of title 23, United
 States Code, to provide for installation of such devices where appropriate.
SEC. 1073. ROADSIDE BARRIERS AND SAFETY APPURTENANCES.
 (a) INITIATION OF RULEMAKING PROCEEDING- Not later than 30 days after the
 date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall initiate a rulemaking
 proceeding to revise the guidelines and establish standards for installation
 of roadside barriers and other safety appurtenances, including longitudinal
 barriers, end terminals, and crash cushions. Such  rulemaking shall reflect
 state-of-the-art designs, testing, and evaluation criteria contained in
 the National Cooperative Highway Research Program Report 230, relating to
 approval standards which provide an enhanced level of crashworthy performance
 to accommodate vans, mini-vans, pickup trucks, and 4-wheel drive vehicles.
 (b) FINAL RULE- Not later than 1 year after the date of the enactment of
 this Act, the Secretary shall complete the rulemaking proceeding initiated
 under subsection (a), and issue a final rule regarding the implementation of
 revised guidelines and standards for acceptable roadside barriers and other
 safety appurtenances, including longitudinal barriers, end terminals, and
 crash cushions. Such revised guidelines and standards shall accommodate vans,
 mini-vans, pickup trucks, and 4-wheel drive vehicles and shall be applicable
 to the refurbishment and replacement of existing roadside barriers and safety
 appurtenances as well as to the installation of new roadside barriers and
 safety appurtenances.
SEC. 1074. DESIGNATION OF UNITED STATES ROUTE 69.
 Notwithstanding any other provision of law, upon the request of the Oklahoma
 State highway agency, the Secretary shall designate the portion of United
 States Route 69 from the Oklahoma-Texas State line to Checotah in the State
 of Oklahoma as a part of the Interstate System pursuant to section 139 of
 title 23, United States Code.
SEC. 1075. SPECIAL PROVISIONS REGARDING CERTAIN HYDROELECTRIC PROJECTS.
 (a) BRASFIELD DAM PROJECT IN VIRGINIA- (1) Notwithstanding section 13
 of the Federal Power Act providing for the termination of a license
 issued by the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (hereinafter in this
 subsection referred to as the `Commission') to the Appomattox River Water
 Authority (hereinafter in this subsection referred to as the `Authority')
 for the Brasfield Dam Hydroelectric Project (FERC Project No. 9840-001)
 on the Appomattox River in Chesterfield and Dinwiddie Counties, Virginia,
 and notwithstanding the prior surrender of such license by the Authority,
 the Commission shall reissue such license to the Authority, together with
 any amendments necessary and appropriate to carry out this subsection,
 and extend the period referred to in section 13 of that Act for a period
 ending 3 years after the enactment of this Act, subject to the requirements
 of this section and the provisions of Federal Power Act.
 (2) During the 3-year period referred to in paragraph (1), the Commission
 shall issue an order, at the request of the Authority, permitting the
 Authority to transfer the license for such project to another person
 designated by the Authority for the purpose of protecting the Authority from
 challenge in connection with its agreement of trust with the Crestar Bank
 or under any provision of law of the State of Virginia. Any such transfer
 shall occur at a time specified in the order which shall not be after the
 expiration of the 3-year period referred to in paragraph (1).
 (3) Any license transfer under this subsection shall require that the licensee
 shall be subject to, and comply with, the license and the provisions of the
 Federal Power Act, including the provisions of section 10 thereof (related
 to fish and wildlife) with respect to such project to the same extent and
 in the same manner as the Authority would be subject to such license and
 such Act in the absence of such transfer. Nothing in the transfer of such
 license shall affect the authority or power of the Commission under the
 license or under the Federal Power Act. Nothing in the Federal Power Act
 shall be construed as precluding a transfer of such license for the purposes
 specified in this section.
 (4) Any license transfer under this subsection shall be subject to revocation,
 at the request of the Authority, to permit the Authority to surrender the
 license. No surrender of such license by the Authority (or by any other
 person) shall be effective until after--
 (A) reasonable prior notice (as determined by the Commission),
 (B) completion of project construction, including the installation of any
 facilities for the protection, mitigation, and enhancement of fish and
 wildlife required under the license (including facilities required by the
 State fish and wildlife agency); and
 (C) delivery to the Commission of a statement certified by the Board of
 the Authority that the terms of any actual or proposed Commission order
 with respect to the Brasfield Dam Hydroelectric Project would cause the
 Authority to act in violation of its Charter or be inconsistent with its
 bond indentures.
The Commission shall accept the surrender of such license and establish
conditions applicable to such license surrender which require the removal of
hydroelectric power generation facilities, require that the licensee provide
assurances satisfactory to the Commission that, following surrender of the
license, the Brasfield Dam will be subject to State laws regarding fish
and wildlife and dam safety and require that such surrender will not impose
any duty, liability or obligation on the part of any department, agency, or
instrumentality of the United States. Nothing in this section shall affect
the application of the River and Harbor Act of 1894 (33 U.S.C. Sec. 1).
 (b) PROJECTS NOS. 3033, 3034, AND 3246- (1) Notwithstanding the time
 limitations of section 13 of the Federal Power Act (16 U.S.C. 806), the
 Federal Energy Regulatory Commission, upon the request of the licensees
 for Federal Energy Regulatory Commission Projects Nos. 3033, 3034, and 3246
 (and after reasonable notice), is authorized, in accordance with the good
 faith, due diligence, and public interest requirements of such section and
 the Commission's procedures under such section, to extend--
 (A) until August 10, 1994, the time required for the licensee to acquire the
 required real property and commence the construction of Project No. 3033,
 and until August 10, 1999, the time required for completion of construction
 of the project;
 (B) until August 10, 1996, the time required for the licensee to acquire the
 required real property and commence the construction of Project No. 3034,
 and until August 10, 2001, the time required for completion of construction
 of the project; and
 (C) until October 15, 1995, the time required for the licensee to acquire
 the required real property and commence the construction of Project No. 3246,
 and until October 15, 1999, the time required for completion of construction
 of the project.
 (2) The authorization for issuing extensions under this subsection shall
 terminate 3 years after the date of enactment of this section.
 (3) To facilitate requests under this subsection, the Commission may
 consolidate the requests.
 (c) UNION CITY, MICHIGAN- Notwithstanding section 23(b) or section 4(e)
 of the Federal Power Act, it shall not be unlawful for the municipality of
 Union City, Michigan, to operate, maintain, repair, reconstruct, replace,
 or modify--
 (1) any dam which, as of the date of the enactment of this Act, is owned
 and operated by Union City, Michigan, and located across a segment of
 the St. Joseph River, in Branch County, Michigan, approximately 5 miles
 downstream from such municipality, or
 (2) any water conduit, reservoir, power house, and other works incidental
 to such dam.
No license shall be required under part 1 of the Federal Power Act for the
dam, water conduit, reservoir, power house, or other project works referred
to in the preceding sentence and, subject to compliance with State laws,
permission is hereby granted for such facilities to the same extent as in the
case of facilities for which permission is granted under the last sentence
of section 23(b) of that Act.
SEC. 1076. SHORELINE PROTECTION.
 The project for shoreline protection, Atlantic Coast of New York City from
 Rockaway Inlet to Norton Point, authorized by section 501(a) of the Water
 Resources Development Act of 1986 (Public Law 99-662; 100 Stat. 4135), is
 modified to authorize the Secretary to construct the project at a total first
 cost of $69,200,000, based on the New York District Engineer's draft General
 Design Memorandum dated April 1991, with an estimated first Federal cost of
 $39,800,000 and an estimated non-Federal cost of $29,400,000, and an average
 annual cost of $580,000 for periodic nourishment over the life of the project,
 with an estimated annual Federal cost of $377,000 and an estimated annual
 non-Federal cost of $203,000. The Secretary shall proceed with the storm
 damage reduction measures as the first construction feature. The project is
 further modified to authorize the Secretary to relocate existing comfort
 and lifeguard stations at full Federal expense, provided such relocations
 are desired by the non-Federal sponsor. Operation and maintenance of the
 facilities after relocation will be a non-Federal responsibility. The cost
 of these relocations shall not be treated as a project cost for purposes
 of either economic evaluation or project cost-sharing of the project.
SEC. 1077. REVISION OF MANUAL.
 Not later than 90 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, the
 Secretary shall revise the Manual of Uniform Traffic Control Devices and such
 other regulations and agreements of the Federal Highway Administration as may
 be necessary to authorize States and local governments, at their discretion,
 to install stop or yield signs at any rail-highway grade crossing without
 automatic traffic control devices with 2 or more trains operating across
 the rail-highway grade crossing per day.
SEC. 1078. DECLARATION OF NONNAVIGABILITY OF PORTION OF HUDSON RIVER, NEW YORK.
 (a) DECLARATION OF NONNAVIGABILITY- Subject to subsections (c), (d), and
 (e), the area described in subsection (b) is declared to be nonnavigable
 waters of the United States.
 (b) AREA SUBJECT TO DECLARATION- The area described in this subsection is
 the portion of the Hudson River, New York, described as follows (according
 to coordinates and bearings in the system used on the Borough Survey,
 Borough President's Office, New York, New York):
 Beginning at a point in the United States Bulkhead Line approved by the
 Secretary of War, July 31, 1941, having a coordinate of north 1918.003
 west 9806.753;
 Running thence easterly, on the arc of a circle curving to the left, whose
 radial line bears north 3«-44-20" east, having a radius of 390.00 feet
 and a central angle of 22«-05-50", 150.41 feet to a point of tangency;
 Thence north 71«-38-30" east, 42.70 feet;
 Thence south 11«-05-40" east, 33.46 feet;
 Thence south 78«-54-20" west, 0.50 feet;
 Thence south 11«-05-40" east, 2.50 feet;
 Thence north 78«-54-20" east, 0.50 feet;
 Thence south 11«-05-40" east, 42.40 feet to a point of curvature;
 Thence southerly, on the arc of a circle curving to the right, having a
 radius of 220.00 feet and a central angle of 16«-37-40", 63.85 feet to a
 point of compound curvature;
 Thence still southerly, on the arc of a circle curving to the right, having
 a radius of 150.00 feet and a central angle of 38«-39-00", 101.19 feet to
 another point of compound curvature;
 Thence westerly, on the arc of a circle curving to the right, having a
 radius of 172.05 feet and a central angle of 32«-32-03", 97.69 feet to a
 point of curve intersection;
 Thence south 13«-16-57" east, 50.86 feet to a point of curve intersection;
 Thence westerly, on the arc of a circle curving to the left, whose radial
 bears north 13«-16-57" west, having a radius of 6.00 feet and a central
 angle of 180«-32-31", 18.91 feet to a point of curve intersection;
 Thence southerly, on the arc of a circle curving to the left, whose radial
 line bears north 75«-37-11" east, having a radius of 313.40 feet and a
 central angle of 4«-55-26", 26.93 feet to a point of curve intersection;
 Thence south 70«-41-45" west, 36.60 feet;
 Thence north 13«-45-00" west, 42.87 feet;
 Thence south 76«-15-00" west, 15.00 feet;
 Thence south 13«-45-00" east, 44.33 feet;
 Thence south 70«-41-45" west, 128.09 feet to a point in the United States
 Pierhead Line approved by the Secretary of War, 1936;
 Thence north 63«-08-48" west, along the United States Pierhead Line approved
 by the Secretary of War, 1936, 114.45 feet to an angle point therein;
 Thence north 61«-08-00" west, still along the United States Pierhead Line
 approved by the Secretary of War, 1936, 202.53 feet;
 The following three courses being along the lines of George Soilan Park
 as shown on map prepared by The City of New York, adopted by the Board of
 Estimate, November 13, 1981, Acc. N« 30071 and lines of property leased
 to Battery Park City Authority and B. P. C. Development Corp;
 Thence north 77«-35-20" east, 231.35 feet;
 Thence north 12«-24-40" west, 33.92 feet;
 Thence north 54«-49-00" east, 171.52 feet to a point in the United States
 Bulkhead Line approved by the Secretary of War, July 31, 1941;
 Thence north 12«-24-40" west, along the United States Bulkhead Line approved
 by the Secretary of War, July 31, 1941, 62.26 feet to the point or place
 of beginning;
 (c) DETERMINATION OF PUBLIC INTEREST- The declaration made in subsection
 (a) shall not take effect if the Secretary of the Army (acting through the
 Chief of Engineers), using reasonable discretion, finds that the proposed
 project is not in the public interest--
 (1) before the date which is 120 days after the date of the submission to
 the Secretary of appropriate plans for the proposed project; and
 (2) after consultation with local and regional public officials (including
 local and regional public planning organizations).
 (d) Limitation on Applicability of Declaration-
 (1) AFFECTED AREA- The declaration made in subsection (a) shall apply only
 to those portions of the area described in subsection (b) which are or
 will be occupied by permanent structures (including docking facilities)
 comprising the proposed project.
 (2) APPLICATION OF OTHER LAWS- Notwithstanding subsection (a), all activities
 conducted in the area described in subsection (b) are subject to all Federal
 laws which apply to such activities, including--
 (A) sections 9 and 10 of the Act of March 3, 1899 (33 U.S.C. 401, 403),
 commonly known as the River and Harbors Appropriation Act of 1899;
 (B) section 404 of the Federal Water Pollution Control Act (33 U.S.C. 1254);
 and
 (C) the National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 (42 U.S.C. 4321 et seq.).
 (e) EXPIRATION DATE- The declaration made in subsection (a) shall expire--
 (1) on the date which is 6 years after the date of the enactment of this
 Act if work on the proposed project to be performed in the area described
 in subsection (b) is not commenced before such date; or
 (2) on the date which is 20 years after the date of the enactment of
 this Act for any portion of the area described in subsection (b) which on
 such date is not bulkheaded, filled, or occupied by a permanent structure
 (including docking facilities).
 (f) PROPOSED PROJECT DEFINED- For the purposes of this section, the term
 `proposed project' means any project for the rehabilitation and development
 of--
 (1) the structure located in the area described in subsection (b), commonly
 referred to as Pier A; and
 (2) the area surrounding such structure.
SEC. 1079. CLEVELAND HARBOR, OHIO.
 (a) DEAUTHORIZATION OF PORTION OF PROJECT FOR HARBOR MODIFICATION- That
 portion described in subsection (b) of the project for harbor modification,
 Cleveland Harbor, Ohio, authorized by section 202(a) of the Water Resources
 Development Act of 1986 (100 Stat. 4095), is not authorized after the date
 of the enactment of this Act.
 (b) AREA SUBJECT TO DEAUTHORIZATION- The portion of the project for harbor
 modification, Cleveland Harbor, Ohio, described in this subsection is that
 portion situated in the City of Cleveland, Cuyahoga County, and State of
 Ohio, T7N, R13W and being more fully described as follows:
 Beginning at an iron pin monument at the intersection of the centerline of
 East 9th Street (99 feet wide) with the centerline of relocated Erieside
 Avenue N.E. (70 ft. wide);
 Thence south 50«-06-52" west on the centerline of relocated Erieside Avenue
 N.E. a distance of 112.89 feet to a point;
 Thence southwesterly continuing on the centerline of relocated Erieside
 Avenue N.E. along the arc of a curve to the left, with a radius of 300.00
 feet and whose chord bears south 42«-36-52" west 140.07 feet, an arc
 distance of 141.37 feet to a point;
 Thence north 60«-53-08" west a distance of 35.00 feet to a point on the
 northwesterly right-of-way line of relocated Erieside Avenue N.E;
 Thence south 29«-06-52" west on the northwesterly right-of-way line of
 relocated Erieside Avenue N.E. a distance of 44.36 feet to a point;
 Thence north 33«-53-08" west a distance of 158.35 feet to a point;
 Thence south 56«-06-52" west a distance of 76.00 feet to a point;
 Thence north 78«-53-08" west a distance of 18.39 feet to a point;
 Thence north 33«-53-08" west a distance of 33.50 feet to a point, said
 point being the true place of beginning of the parcel herein described;
 Thence south 56«-06-52" west a distance of 84.85 feet to a point;
 Thence north 33«-53-08" west a distance of 137.28 feet to a point;
 Thence north 11«-06-52" east a distance of 225.00 feet to a point;
 Thence south 78«-53-08" east a distance of 160.00 feet to a point;
 Thence south 11«-06-52" west a distance of 46.16 feet to a point;
 Thence south 56«-06-52" west a distance of 28.28 feet to a point;
 Thence south 11«-06-52" west a distance of 89.70 feet to a point;
 Thence south 33«-53-08" east a distance of 28.28 feet to a point;
 Thence south 11«-06-52" west a distance of 83.29 feet to a point;
 Thence south 56«-06-52" west a distance of 4.14 feet to a true place of
 beginning containing 42,646 square feet more or less;
 (c) REIMBURSEMENT NOT REQUIRED- The Ohio Department of Natural Resources
 shall not be required to reimburse the Federal Government any portion of
 the credit received by the non-Federal project sponsor as provided for in
 Public Law 100-202 (101 Stat. 1329-108).
 (d) AREA TO BE DECLARED NONNAVIGABLE; PUBLIC INTEREST- Unless the Secretary
 of the Army finds, after consultation with local and regional public
 officials (including local and regional public planning organizations),
 that the proposed projects to be undertaken within the boundaries in the
 portions of Cleveland Harbor, Ohio, described below, are not in the public
 interest then, subject to subsections (e) and (f) of this section, those
 portions of such Harbor, bounded and described as follows, are declared to
 be nonnavigable waters of the United States:
 Situated in the City of Cleveland, Cuyahoga County and State of Ohio, T7N,
 R13W and being more fully described as follows:
 Beginning at an iron pin monument at the intersection of the centerline of
 East 9th Street (99 feet wide) with the centerline of relocated Erieside
 Avenue, N.E., (70 feet wide) at Cleveland Regional Geodetic Survey Grid
 System, (CRGS) coordinates N92,679.734, E86,085.955;
 Thence south 56«-06-52 west on the centerline of relocated Erieside Avenue,
 N.E., a distance of 89.50 feet to a drill  hole set;
 Thence north 33«-53-08 west a distance of 35.00 feet to a drill hole set
 on the north-westerly right-of-way line of relocated Erieside Avenue, N.E.,
 said point being the true place of beginning of the parcel herein described;
 Thence south 56«-06-52 west on the northwesterly right-of-way line of
 relocated Erieside Avenue, N.E., a distance of 23.39 feet to a  5/8  inch
 re-bar set;
 Thence southwesterly on the northwesterly right-of-way line of relocated
 Erieside Avenue, N.E., along the arc of a curve to the left with a radius
 of 335.00 feet, and whose chord bears south 42«-36-52 west 156.41 feet,
 an arc distance of 157.87 feet to a  5/8  inch re-bar set;
 Thence south 29«-06-52 west on the northwesterly right-of-way line of
 relocated Erieside Avenue, N.E., a distance of 119.39 feet to a  5/8  inch
 re-bar set;
 Thence southwesterly on the northwesterly right-of-way of relocated Erieside
 Avenue, N.E., along the arc of a curve to the right with a radius of 665.00
 feet, and whose chord bears south 32«-22-08 west 75.50 feet, an arc distance
 of 75.54 feet to a  5/8  inch re-bar set;
 Thence north 33«-53-08 west a distance of 279.31 feet to a drill hole set;
 Thence south 56«-06-52 west a distance of 37.89 feet to a drill hole set;
 Thence north 33«-53-08 west a distance of 127.28 feet to a point;
 Thence north 11«-06-52 east a distance of 225.00 feet to a point;
 Thence south 78«-53-08 east a distance of 150.00 feet to a drill hole set;
 Thence north 11«-06-52 east a distance of 32.99 feet to a drill hole set;
 Thence north 33«-53-08 east a distance of 46.96 feet to a drill hole set;
 Thence north 56«-06-52 east a distance of 140.36 feet to a drill hole set
 on the southwesterly right-of-way line of East 9th Street;
 Thence south 33«-53-08 east on the southwesterly right-of-way line of East
 9th Street a distance of 368.79 feet to a drill hole set;
 Thence southwesterly along the arc of a curve to the right with a radius
 of 40.00 feet, and whose chord bears south 11«-06-52 west 56.57 feet,
 an arc distance of 62.83 feet to the true place of beginning containing
 174,764 square feet (4.012 acres) more or less.
 (e) LIMITS ON APPLICABILITY; REGULATORY REQUIREMENTS- The declaration
 under subsection (d) shall apply only to those parts of the areas described
 in subsection (d) which are or will be bulkheaded and filled or otherwise
 occupied by permanent structures, including marina facilities. All such work
 is subject to all applicable Federal statutes and regulations, including
 sections 9 and 10 of the Act of March 3, 1899 (30 Stat. 1151; 33 U.S.C. 401
 and 403), commonly known as the River and Harbors Appropriation Act of 1899,
 section 404 of the Federal Water Pollution Control Act, and the National
 Environmental Policy Act of 1969.
 (f) EXPIRATION DATE- If, 20 years from the date of the enactment of this Act,
 any area or part thereof described in subsection (d) is not bulkheaded or
 filled or occupied by permanent structures, including marina facilities, in
 accordance with the requirements set out in subsection (e) of this section,
 or if work in connection with any activity permitted in subsection (e)
 is not commenced within 5 years after issuance of such permit, then the
 declaration of nonnavigability for such area or part thereof shall expire.
SEC. 1080. DEAUTHORIZATION OF A PORTION OF THE CANAVERAL HARBOR, FLORIDA,
PROJECT.
 The following portion of the project for navigation, Canaveral Harbor,
 Florida, authorized by the River and Harbor Act of 1945, as modified by the
 River and Harbor Act of 1962 (Public Law 87-874), shall not be authorized
 after the date of the enactment of this Act:
 Begin at the northwesterly corner of the west turning basin, Federal
 navigation project, Canaveral Harbor, Brevard County, Florida, having a
 northing of 1,483,798.695 and an easting of 619,159.191 (Florida east zone,
 State plane transverse mercator standard conical projections) and being
 depicted on the Department of the Army, Jacksonville District, Corps of
 Engineers `Construction Dredging 31 Foot Project', D.O. File No. 11-34,
 465 sheet 35, dated October 1984; thence south 0«-18-51 east, along said
 westerly boundary, a distance of 1320.00 feet; thence north 89«-41-09
 east, a distance of 1095.00 feet; thence north 62«-35-15 west, a distance
 of 551.30 feet; thence north 56«-56-18 east, a distance of 552.87 feet;
 thence south 89«-41-09 west, a distance of 1072.00 feet to the point of
 beginning (containing 21.43 acres, more or less).
SEC. 1081. INFRASTRUCTURE INVESTMENT COMMISSION.
 (a) ESTABLISHMENT OF COMMISSION- There is established a commission to be
 known as the `Commission to Promote Investment in America's Infrastructure'
 (hereinafter in this section referred to as the `Commission').
 (b) FUNCTION OF COMMISSION- It shall be the function of the Commission to
 conduct a study on the feasibility and desirability of creating a type
 of infrastructure security to permit the investment of pension funds in
 funds used to design, plan, and construct infrastructure facilities in the
 United States. Such study may also include an examination of other methods
 of encouraging public and private investment in infrastructure facilities.
 (c) MEMBERSHIP-
 (1) NUMBER AND APPOINTMENT- The Commission shall be composed of 7 members
 appointed as follows:
 (A) 2 members appointed by the majority leader of the Senate.
 (B) 2 members appointed by the Speaker of the House of Representatives.
 (C) 1 member appointed by the President.
 (D) 1 member appointed by the minority leader of the Senate.
 (E) 1 member appointed by the minority leader of the House of Representatives.
 (2) QUALIFICATIONS- Members of the Commission shall have appropriate
 backgrounds in finance, construction lending, actuarial disciplines,
 pensions, and infrastructure policy disciplines.
 (3) CHAIRPERSON- The Chairperson of the Commission shall be elected by
 the members.
 (d) PAY AND TRAVEL EXPENSES- Members shall serve without pay but shall be
 allowed travel expenses, including per diem in lieu of subsistence, while
 away from their homes or regular places of business in the performance
 of services for the Commission in the same manner as persons employed
 intermittently in the Government service are allowed under section 5703 of
 title 5, United States Code.
 (e) STAFF- Subject to such rules as may be prescribed by the Commission,
 the Chairperson may--
 (1) appoint and fix the pay of an executive director, a general counsel, and
 such additional staff as the Chairperson considers necessary, without regard
 to the provisions of title 5, United States Code, governing appointments in
 the competitive service, and without regard to chapter 51 and subchapter III
 of chapter 53 of such title relating to classification and General Schedule
 pay rates, except that the rate of pay for such staff members may not exceed
 the rate payable for level V of the Executive Schedule under section 5316
 of title 5, United States Code; and
 (2) procure temporary and intermittent services to the same extent as is
 authorized by section 3109(b) of title 5, United States Code, at rates for
 individuals which do not exceed the daily equivalent of the annual rate of
 basic pay prescribed for level V of the Executive Schedule under section
 5316 of such title.
 (f) REPORT- Not later than 180 days after the date of the enactment of this
 Act, the Commission shall transmit to the President and Congress a report
 containing its findings and recommendations.
 (g) TERMINATION- The Commission shall terminate on the 180th day following
 the date of the submission of its report under subsection (f).
SEC. 1082. DEAUTHORIZATION OF ACADEMY CREEK FEATURE OF THE BRUNSWICK HARBOR,
GEORGIA, PROJECT.
 The Academy Creek feature of the Brunswick Harbor, Georgia, project,
 authorized for construction by the River and Harbor Act of 1907 in accordance
 with House Document 407, 59th Congress, shall not be authorized after the
 date of the enactment of this Act.
SEC. 1083. NAMINGS.
 (a) WILLIAM H. HARSHA BRIDGE- The United States Route 68 bridge across the
 Ohio River between Aberdeen, Ohio, and Maysville, Kentucky, shall be known
 and designated as the `William H. Harsha Bridge'.
 (b) J. CLIFFORD NAUGLE BYPASS- The highway bypass being constructed around
 the Borough of Ligonier in Westmoreland County, Pennsylvania, shall be
 known and designated as the `J. Clifford Naugle Bypass'.
 (c) LINDY CLAIBORNE BOGGS LOCK AND DAM-
 (1) DESIGNATION- The lock and dam numbered 1 on the Red River Waterway in
 Louisiana shall be known and designated as the `Lindy Claiborne Boggs Lock
 and Dam'.
 (2) REFERENCE- Any reference in any law, regulation, document, record, map, or
 other paper of the United States to the lock and dam referred to in paragraph
 (1) shall be deemed to be a reference to the `Lindy Boggs Lock and Dam'.
 (d) JOSEPH RALPH SASSER BOAT RAMP-
 (1) DESIGNATION- The boat ramp constructed on the left bank of the Mississippi
 River at River Mile 752.5 at Shelby Forest in Shelby County, Tennessee,
 shall be known and designated as the `Joseph Ralph Sasser Boat Ramp'.
 (2) LEGAL REFERENCE- A reference to any law, map, regulation, document,
 record, or other paper of the United States to such boat ramp shall be
 deemed to be a reference to the `Joseph Ralph Sasser Boat Ramp'.
SEC. 1084. SIGNING OF UNITED STATES HIGHWAY 71.
 The Arkansas State Highway and Transportation Department shall erect
 the signs along United States Highway 71 from the I-40 intersection to
 the Missouri-Arkansas State line which are required to be erected by the
 Arkansas State law designated as Act 6 of 1989.
SEC. 1085. CONTINUATION OF AUTHORIZATION FOR RHODE ISLAND NAVIGATION PROJECT.
 (a) CONTINUATION OF AUTHORIZATION- Notwithstanding section 1001(a) of
 the Water Resources Development Act of 1986, the project for navigation,
 Providence, Rhode Island, authorized by section 1166(c) of the Water
 Resources Development Act of 1986, shall remain authorized to be carried
 out by the Secretary.
 (b) TERMINATION DATE- The project described in subsection (a) shall not be
 authorized for construction after the last day of the 5-year period that
 begins on the date of the enactment of this Act unless, during this period,
 funds have been obligated for construction, including planning and design,
 of the project.
SEC. 1086. PENSACOLA, FLORIDA.
 (a) STUDY- The Secretary shall conduct a study of the feasibility of
 constructing, in accordance with standards applicable to Interstate System
 highways, a 4-lane highway connecting Interstate Route 65 and Interstate
 Route 10 in the vicinity of Pensacola, Florida.
 (b) REPORT- Not later than 2 years after the date of the enactment of this
 Act, the Secretary shall transmit to Congress a report on the results of
 the study conducted under this section, together with recommendations for
 the location of a corridor in which to construct the highway described in
 subsection (a).
SEC. 1087. INCLUSION OF CALHOUN COUNTY, MISSISSIPPI, IN APPALACHIA.
 Section 403 of the Appalachian Regional Development Act of 1965 (40
 U.S.C. App. 403) is amended in the fifth undesignated paragraph of such
 section by inserting `Calhoun,' after `Benton,'.
SEC. 1088. HANDICAPPED PARKING SYSTEM.
 (a) STUDY- The Secretary shall conduct a study of the progress being made by
 the States in adopting and implementing the uniform system for handicapped
 parking established in regulations issued by the Secretary pursuant to
 Public Law 100-641 (102 Stat. 3335).
 (b) REPORT- Not later than 2 years after the date of the enactment of this
 Act, the Secretary shall transmit a report to the Committee on Environment
 and Public Works of the Senate and the Committee on Public Works and
 Transportation of the House of Representatives on the results of the study
 conducted under this section.
SEC. 1089. FEASIBILITY OF INTERNATIONAL BORDER HIGHWAY INFRASTRUCTURE
DISCRETIONARY PROGRAM.
 (a) STUDY- The Secretary shall conduct a study of the advisability and
 feasibility of establishing an international border highway infrastructure
 discretionary program. The purpose of such a program would be to enable
 States and Federal agencies to construct, replace, and rehabilitate highway
 infrastructure facilities at international borders when such States, agencies,
 and the Secretary find that an international bridge or a reasonable segment
 of a major highway providing access to such a bridge (1) is important;
 (2) is unsafe because of structural deficiencies, physical deterioration,
 or functional obsolescence; (3) poses a safety hazard to highway users;
 (4) by its construction, replacement, or rehabilitation, would minimize
 disruptions, delays, and costs to users; or (5) by its construction,
 replacement, or rehabilitation, would provide more efficient routes for
 international trade and commerce.
 (b) REPORT- Not later than September 30, 1993, the Secretary shall transmit
 to Congress a report on the results of the study conducted under this section,
 together with any recommendations to the Secretary.
SEC. 1090. METHODS TO REDUCE TRAFFIC CONGESTION DURING CONSTRUCTION.
 (a) SENSE OF CONGRESS- It is the sense of Congress that many highway projects
 are carried out in a way which unnecessarily disrupts traffic flow during
 construction and that methods need to be adopted to eliminate or reduce
 these disruptions.
 (b) STUDY- The Secretary shall conduct a study on methods of enhancing traffic
 flow and minimizing traffic congestion during construction of Federal-aid
 highway projects and on costs associated with implementing such methods.
 (c) CONSIDERATIONS- In conducting the study under this section, the Secretary
 shall consider--
 (1) the feasibility of carrying out construction of Federal-aid highway
 projects during off-peak periods and limiting closure of highway lanes on
 Federal-aid highways to portions of highways for which actual construction
 is in progress and for which safety concerns require closure; and
 (2) the need for establishment and operation by each State of a toll-free
 telephone number to receive complaints and provide information regarding
 the status of construction on Federal-aid highways in the State.
 (d) REPORT- Not later than September 30, 1992, the Secretary shall transmit
 to Congress a report on the results of the study conducted under this section,
 together with such recommendations as the Secretary considers appropriate.
SEC. 1091. STUDY OF VALUE ENGINEERING.
 (a) STUDY- The Secretary shall study the effectiveness and benefits of value
 engineering review programs applied to Federal-aid highway projects. Such
 study shall include an analysis of and the results of specialized techniques
 utilized in all facets of highway construction for the purpose of reduction of
 costs and improvement of the overall quality of Federal-aid highway projects.
 (b) REPORT- Not later than 1 year after the date of the enactment of this
 Act, the Secretary shall report to Congress on the results of the study
 under subsection (a), including recommendations on how value engineering
 could be utilized and improved in Federal-aid highway projects.
SEC. 1092. PILOT PROGRAM FOR UNIFORM AUDIT PROCEDURES.
 (a) ESTABLISHMENT- The Secretary shall establish a pilot program under which
 any contract or subcontract awarded in accordance with section 112(b)(2)(A)
 of title 23, United States Code, shall be performed and audited in compliance
 with cost principles contained in the Federal acquisition regulations of
 part 31 of title 48 of the Code of Federal Regulations. The pilot program
 under this section shall include participation of not more than 10 States.
 (b) INDIRECT COST RATES- In lieu of performing their own audits, the
 States participating in the pilot program shall accept indirect cost
 rates established in accordance with the Federal acquisition regulations
 for 1-year applicable accounting periods by a cognizant government agency
 or audited by an independent certified public accountant, if such rates
 are not currently under dispute. Once a firm's indirect cost rates are
 accepted, all the recipients of such funds shall apply such rates for the
 purposes of contract estimation, negotiation, administration, reporting,
 and contract payment and shall not be limited by administrative or defacto
 ceilings in accordance with section 15.901(c) of such title 48. A recipient
 of such funds requesting or using the cost and rate data described in this
 subsection shall notify any affected firm before such request or use. Such
 data shall be confidential and shall not be accessible or provided, in
 whole or in part, to any other firm or to any government agency which is
 not part of the group of agencies sharing cost data under this subsection,
 except by written permission of the audited firm. If prohibited by law,
 such cost and rate data shall not be disclosed under any circumstances.
 (c) REPORT- Each State participating in the pilot program shall report to
 the Secretary not later than 3 years after the date of the enactment of
 this Act on the results of the program.
SEC. 1093. RENTAL RATES.
 Within 1 year after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Comptroller
 General shall complete a study on equipment rental rates for use in
 reimbursing contractors for extra work on Federal-aid projects. Such study
 shall include an analysis of the reasonableness of currently accepted
 equipment rental costs, adequacy of adjustments for regional or climactic
 differences, adequacy of consideration of mobilization costs, loss of time
 and productivity attendant to short-term usage of equipment, and approvals
 of rental rate costs by the Federal Highway Administration.
SEC. 1094. STUDY ON STATE COMPLIANCE WITH REQUIREMENTS FOR REVOCATION AND
SUSPENSION OF DRIVERS' LICENSES.
 (a) STUDY- The Secretary shall conduct a study of State efforts to comply
 with the provisions of section 333 of the Department of Transportation and
 Related Agencies Appropriations Acts, 1991 and 1992, relating to revocation
 and suspension of drivers' licenses.
 (b) REPORT- Not later than December 31, 1992, the Secretary shall transmit
 to Congress a report on the results of the study conducted under this section.
SEC. 1095. BROOKLYN COURTHOUSE.
 The Administrator of the General Services Administration is authorized to
 enter into a lease with the United States Postal Service for space to house
 the Federal Courts and related Federal agencies in Brooklyn, New York. The
 Administrator is further authorized--
 (1) to advance the amount provided in the fiscal year 1992 Treasury, Postal
 Service, and General Government Appropriation Act to the Postal Service to
 expedite the start of construction; and
 (2) to transfer the present Emanuel Celler Federal Building and Courthouse
 in Brooklyn to the Postal Service.
SEC. 1096. BORDER STATION INTERNATIONAL FALLS, MINNESOTA.
 The Administrator of the General Services Administration is authorized to
 provide for the construction of a 9,000 occupiable square foot border station
 at International Falls, Minnesota, at a total estimated cost of $2,480,000,
 in accordance with an amended prospectus submitted by the General Services
 Administration to the Senate Committee on Environment and Public Works on
 June 19, 1991.
SEC. 1097. MILLER HIGHWAY.
 The Secretary shall deem the independent proposals to construct a new
 highway facility in the Route 9A corridor between the Battery and 59th
 Street, and to relocate the existing Miller Highway facility, between 59th
 Street and 72nd Street, on the west side of Manhattan, New York, New York,
 to be separate and distinct projects for the purposes of compliance with
 any applicable Federal laws.
SEC. 1098. ALLOCATION FORMULA STUDY.
 (a) The General Accounting Office in conjunction with the Bureau of
 Transportation Statistics created pursuant to title VI of this Act, shall
 conduct a thorough study and recommend to the Congress within 2 years after
 the date of the enactment of this Act a fair and equitable apportionment
 formula for the allocation of Federal-aid highway funds that best directs
 highway funds to the places of greatest need for highway maintenance and
 enhancement based on the extent of these highway systems, their present use,
 and increases in their use.
 (b) The results of this study shall be presented to the Senate Committee
 on Environment and Public Works and the House Committee on Public Works and
 Transportation on or before January 1, 1994, and shall be considered by these
 committees as they reauthorize the surface transportation program in 1996.
SEC. 1099. ESTABLISHMENT OF INTERSTATE STUDY COMMISSION.
 For the National Capital Region, comprised of the Washington, D.C.,
 Metropolitan Statistical Area, a commission is established to recommend new
 mechanisms, authority, and/or agreements to fund, develop, and manage the
 transportation system of the National Capital Region, and primarily focusing
 on interstate highway and bridge systems. The commission shall develop its
 recommendations consistent with the transportation planning requirements
 for metropolitan areas as contained elsewhere in this bill. The study
 commission shall report to the Congress, the Department of Transportation,
 the Governors of Maryland and Virginia, the Mayor of the District of
 Columbia, and the National Capital Region Transportation Planning Board,
 the designated Metropolitan Planning Organization (MPO) for the Washington
 metropolitan area, no later than 12 months from the date of passage of this
 legislation. Representatives on the commission shall include a Member of
 Congress from each of Maryland, Virginia, and the District of Columbia;
 the Governors of Maryland and Virginia and the Mayor of the District of
 Columbia; 1 local elected official from each State and the District of
 Columbia appointed by the National Capital Region Transportation Planning
 Board; 3 private sector representatives appointed by the Governors and
 the Mayor; and the commission chairman to be appointed by the Secretary of
 Transportation. There is authorized to be appropriated for the purposes of
 carrying out this section such sums as may be necessary for the commission
 to carry out its functions.
SEC. 1100. EFFECTIVE DATE; APPLICABILITY; CERTAIN UNOBLIGATED BALANCES.
 (a) GENERAL RULE- This title, including the amendments made by this title,
 shall take effect on the date of the enactment of this Act.
 (b) APPLICABILITY- The amendments made by this title shall apply to funds
 authorized to be appropriated or made available after September 30, 1991,
 and, except as otherwise provided in subsection (c), shall not apply to
 funds appropriated or made available on or before September 30, 1991.
 (c) UNOBLIGATED BALANCES-
 (1) IN GENERAL- Unobligated balances of funds apportioned to a State under
 sections 104(b)(1), 104(b)(2), 104(b)(5)(B), and 104(b)(6) of title 23,
 United States Code, before October 1, 1991, shall be available for obligation
 in that State under the law, regulations, policies and procedures relating to
 the obligation and expenditure of those funds in effect on September 30, 1991.
 (2) TRANSFERABILITY-
 (A) PRIMARY SYSTEM- A State may transfer unobligated balances of funds
 apportioned to the State for the Federal-aid primary system before October 1,
 1991, to the apportionment to such State under section 104(b)(1) or 104(b)(3)
 of title 23, United States Code, or both.
 (B) SECONDARY AND URBAN SYSTEM- A State may transfer unobligated balances
 of funds apportioned to the State for the Federal-aid secondary system or
 the Federal-aid urban system before October 1, 1991, to the apportionment
 to such State under section 104(b)(3) of such title.
 (C) APPLICABILITY OF CERTAIN LAWS, REGULATIONS, POLICIES, AND PROCEDURES-
 Funds transferred under this paragraph shall be subject to the laws,
 regulations, policies, and procedures relating to the apportionment to
 which they are transferred.
SEC. 1101-1102. STUDY ON IMPACT OF CLIMATIC CONDITIONS.
 (a) STUDY- The Secretary shall conduct a study of the effects of climatic
 conditions on the costs of highway construction and maintenance. The study
 shall take into account such climatic conditions as freezing, thawing, and
 precipitation and the impact of climatic conditions on increased highway
 design costs and decreased highway service life in the various regions of
 the United States.
 (b) REPORT- Not later than September 30, 1993, the Secretary shall transmit
 to Congress a report on the results of the study conducted under this
 section, together with such recommendations as the Secretary considers
 appropriate. The report shall include a description of the implications of
 the differing costs on the allocation of highway funds to the States.
SEC. 1103. HIGH COST BRIDGE PROJECTS.
 (a) PURPOSE- The purpose of this section is to provide funds to accelerate
 construction of high cost bridge projects.
 (b) AUTHORIZATION OF PROJECTS- The Secretary is authorized to carry out
 the high cost of bridge projects described in this subsection. Subject to
 subsection (c), there is authorized to be appropriated out of the Highway
 Trust Fund (other than the Mass Transit Account) for fiscal years 1992 through
 1997 to carry out each such project the amount listed for each such project:
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                   CITY/STATE
                                   HIGH COST BRIDGES AMOUNT in millions
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  1.                       Delaware, Oklahoma
  Construction of a replacement bridge on U.S. Rt. 59 over Grand Lake in
  Delaware, Oklahoma                9.7
  2.                           Eugene, Oregon
  Construction of the Ferry Street Bridge               23.7
  3.              Beaver County, Pennsylvania
  Construction of Aliquippa Ambridge Bridge of Beaver County, Pennsylvania
  25.0
  4.                                 Arkansas
  For an expanded study of environmental impact and geo technical information
  for Arkansas-Mississippi Great River Bridge                0.8
  5.               Gloucester Point, Virginia
  Provide for additional crossing capacity of the York River               11.8
  6.                San Francisco, California
  For preliminary work associated with the  seismic upgrading of the Golden
  Gate Bridge in San Francisco, California                5.9
  7. Cape May & Atlantic Counties, New Jersey
  Replace critically important bridge between Ocean City and Longport,
  New Jersey               18.4
  8.                                     Ohio                       Conduct
  environmental and feasibility studies for the construction of a bridge or
  tunnel across the Maumee River in the vicinity of an existing left span
  bridge                1.0
  9.                                    Maine
  Donald B. Carter Memorial Bridge               32.1
 10.                      Shakopee, Minnesota
 Bloomington Ferry Bridge replacement, Shakopee, Minnesota               22.0
 11.               Charleston, South Carolina
 Highway 17 Bridge replacement projects: Cooper River, Charleston, South
 Carolina               14.2
 12.                  Ft. Lauderdale, Florida
 17th Street Causeway Tunnel/Bridge replacement, Ft. Lauderdale, Florida
 13.6
 13.                                 Maryland
 Woodrow Wilson Bridge rehabilitation               29.6
 14.                                 New York Macomb Dam Bridge, Manhattan
 Bridge Rehabilitation Project, Queensboro Bridge--Rehabilitation of
 Main Span, Williamsburg Bridge Rehabilitation Project, Brooklyn Bridge
 Rehabilitation               74.0
 15.                           Miami, Florida
 Complete construction of Dodge Island Bridge                3.4
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
 (c) ALLOCATION PERCENTAGES- 8 percent of the amount allocated by subsection
 (b) for each project authorized by subsection (b) shall be available for
 obligation in fiscal year 1992. 18.4 percent of such amount shall be available
 for obligation in each of fiscal years 1993, 1994, 1995, 1996, and 1997.
 (d) FEDERAL SHARE- The Federal share payable on account of any project
 under this section shall be 80 percent of the cost thereof.
 (e) DELEGATION TO STATES- Subject to the provisions of title 23, United
 States Code, the Secretary shall delegate responsibility for construction
 of a project or projects under this section to the State in which such
 project or projects are located upon request of such State.
 (f) ADVANCE CONSTRUCTION- When a State which has been delegated responsibility
 for construction of a project under this section--
 (1) has obligated all funds allocated under this section for construction
 of such project; and
 (2) proceeds to construct such project without the aid of Federal funds
 in accordance with all procedures and all requirements applicable to such
 project, except insofar as such procedures and requirements limit the State
 to the construction of projects with the aid of Federal funds previously
 allocated to it;
the Secretary, upon the approval of the application of a State, shall pay
to the State the Federal share of the cost of construction of the project
when additional funds are allocated for such project under this section.
 (g) APPLICABILITY OF TITLE 23- Funds authorized by this section shall be
 available for obligation in the same manner as if such funds were apportioned
 under chapter 1 of title 23, United States Code, except that the Federal
 share of the cost of any project under this section shall be determined in
 accordance with this section and such funds shall remain available until
 expended. Funds authorized by this section shall not be subject to any
 obligation limitation.
SEC. 1104. CONGESTION RELIEF PROJECTS.
 (a) PURPOSE- The purpose of this section is to improve methods of congestion
 relief.
 (b) AUTHORIZATION OF PROJECTS- The Secretary is authorized to carry out the
 congestion relief projects described in this subsection. Subject to subsection
 (c), there is authorized to be appropriated out of the Highway Trust Fund
 (other than the Mass Transit Account) for fiscal years 1992 through 1997
 to carry out each such project the amount listed for each such project:
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                              CITY/STATE
                                              CONGESTION RELIEF AMOUNT
                                              in millions
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  1.                              Long Beach, California
  Construction of HOV Lanes on I-710                7.4
  2.                          Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
  Project to Construct Bridge-Pratt Terminal as part of an I-95 reconstruction
  mitigation project               34.5
  3.               Davidson-Williamson County, Tennessee
  Study and construction of the Davidson-Williamson Bike Path
  1.0
  4.     East St. Louis, Illinois to St. Louis, Missouri
  To conduct a study to determine the feasibility of a bridge between East
  St. Louis, Illinois and St. Louis, Missouri                1.4
  5.                                 St. Louis, Missouri
  Relocation of Lindbergh Boulevard and Interstate 70 at St. Louis Lambert
  Airport               14.8
  6.                                District of Columbia
  Primary Intermodal System, Washington, D.C.                6.8
  7.                                   Buffalo, New York
  Construction of Peace Bridge truck inspection facility               19.5
  8.                               Nashua, New Hampshire
  Nashua River Bridge, Nashua, New Hampshire--Construction of second
  bridge                1.2
  9.                                   Las Vegas, Nevada
  Reconstruct and upgrade I-15/U.S. 95 (Spaghetti Bowl)               45.0
 10.                               San Diego, California
 Construct 1 block of Cut and Cover Tunnel on Rt. 15 in downtown San Diego,
 California                5.0
 11.                             Los Angeles, California
 To extend I-110 North from its current terminus at I-10 into downtown
 Los Angeles via Central City West Area in Los Angeles, California
 10.1
 12.                                        North Dakota
 Design and construct 7.5 mile bypass around Lincoln State Park
 1.1
 13.                                   Babylon, New York
 Construct turning lanes, sign upgrades, traffic signal interconnections
 and road repair and resurfacing                2.1
 14.                                   Dixon, California
 To improve 3 grade crossings in Dixon, California                1.8
 15.                               Fairfield, California
 To construct 2 park & ride facilities, an information center and transfer
 hub for I-80 express and local bus service                7.7
 16.                                 St. Louis, Missouri
 Feasibility study for interchange improvements for I-255 at Rt. 231,
 St. Louis, Missouri                0.1
 17.                              Murfreesbro, Tennessee Conduct a
 feasibility study of constructing a bicycle system as an alternative
 form of commuter transportation, air pollution reduction, and enhance
 recreation                0.4
 18.                               Long Island, New York
 To make improvements on the Van Wyck Expressway to improve traffic flow,
 Long Island, New York                3.6
 19.                          Fox River Valley, Illinois
 Study, plan and construct up to 8 bridges across the Fox River
 8.3
 20.                    Prince George's County, Maryland
 To rehabilitate the Baltimore-Washington Parkway in Prince George's County,
 Maryland               16.3
 21.                                        Toledo, Ohio
 Conduct study of possible safety and traffic delay improvement benefits in
 6 corridors               0.24
 22.                               Boston, Massachusetts
 To plan and construct a bicycle and pedestrian path connecting Arlington,
 Cambridge and Boston, Massachusetts                1.2
 23.                                     Tucson, Arizona
 To make interchange improvements at Oracle and Orange Grove Roads in Tucson,
 Arizona                3.9
 24.                             Victorville, California
 Construct interchange 1 mile north of Palmdale Road on I-15                2.7
 25.                                 Palm Beach, Florida
 Acquire right-of-way and construct and widen to 4 lanes 19 mile segment of
 U.S. 27                5.5
 26.                                        Pennsylvania
 Improve River Street, Towanda Borough and North Towanda Township to form
 highway bypass                8.8
 27.                                               Maine
 Topsham-Brunswick Bypass               10.5
 28.                          Rankin County, Mississippi
 East-Metro Center Access Road                4.6
 29.                                              Kansas
 West Leavenworth Trafficway Project, Leavenworth, Kansas                8.6
 30.                             Broward County, Florida
 Hallandale Bridge Project, Broward County, Florida                8.5
 31.                                               Idaho    Any of the
 Federal-aid projects eligible for funding under title 23, United States
 Code, located in Bannock or Caribou County, shall be eligible for funding
 10.1
 32.                                            Michigan
 I-75/M57 Interchange improvement in the vicinity of Vienna Township,
 Michigan                8.9
 33.                     Prince William County, Virginia
 I-95 HOV lane extension               13.5
 34.                          St. Thomas, Virgin Islands
 Construction of Raphune Hill Bypass, St. Thomas, Virgin Islands
 18.4
 35.                               Merrillville, Indiana
 Construction of four lane road and overpass                1.8
 36.          Milwaukee and Waukesha Counties, Wisconsin
 I-794 Bicycle Transportation Project in Milwaukee and Waukesha Counties,
 Wisconsin                1.5
 37.                                Richmond, California
 I-80 Richmond Parkway Interchange                1.8
 38.                                  New York, New York
 Construction of Williamsburg to Holland Tunnel Bypass                3.6
 39.                                Louisville, Kentucky
 Waterfront Development Roadway Improvements                4.7
 40.                               Sunnyvale, California
 HOV lane improvements on Lawrence Expressway               10.1
 41.                                                Ohio
 Construction of a bicycle/pedestrian facility from Greene County, Ohio,
 to Dayton, Ohio                3.0
 42. Jefferson County and Berkeley County, West Virginia
 Improvements of State Highway 9 from Martinsburg, West Virginia to Virginia
 State line              110.0
 43.                                       West Virginia
 Construction of the Coal Fields Expressway from Beckley, West Virginia to
 Virginia State line               50.0
 44.                                               Maine
 Improvements to the Carlton Bridge in Bath-Woolwich               10.0
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
 (c) ALLOCATION PERCENTAGES- 8 percent of the amount allocated by subsection
 (b) for each project authorized by subsection (b) shall be available for
 obligation in fiscal year 1992. 18.4 percent of such amount shall be available
 for obligation in each of fiscal years 1993, 1994, 1995, 1996, and 1997.
 (d) FEDERAL SHARE- The Federal share payable on account of any project
 under this section shall be 80 percent of the cost thereof.
 (e) DELEGATION TO STATES- Subject to the provisions of title 23, United
 States Code, the Secretary shall delegate responsibility for construction
 of a project or projects under this section to the State in which such
 project or projects are located upon request of such State.
 (f) ADVANCE CONSTRUCTION- When a State which has been delegated responsibility
 for construction of a project under this section--
 (1) has obligated all funds allocated under this section for construction
 of such project; and
 (2) proceeds to construct such project without the aid of Federal funds
 in accordance with all procedures and all requirements applicable to such
 project, except insofar as such procedures and requirements limit the State
 to the construction of projects with the aid of Federal funds previously
 allocated to it;
the Secretary, upon the approval of the application of a State, shall pay
to the State the Federal share of the cost of construction of the project
when additional funds are allocated for such project under this section.
 (g) APPLICABILITY OF TITLE 23- Funds authorized by this section shall be
 available for obligation in the same manner as if such funds were apportioned
 under chapter 1 of title 23, United States Code, except that the Federal
 share of the cost of any project under this section shall be determined in
 accordance with this section and such funds shall remain available until
 expended. Funds authorized by this section shall not be subject to any
 obligation limitation.
SEC. 1105. HIGH PRIORITY CORRIDORS ON NATIONAL HIGHWAY SYSTEM.
 (a) FINDINGS- The Congress finds that--
 (1) the construction of the Interstate Highway System connected the major
 population centers of the Nation and greatly enhanced economic growth in
 the United States;
 (2) many regions of the Nation are not now adequately served by the Interstate
 System or comparable highways and require further highway development in
 order to serve the travel and economic development needs of the region; and
 (3) the development of transportation corridors is the most efficient and
 effective way of integrating regions and improving efficiency and safety
 of commerce and travel and further promoting economic development.
 (b) PURPOSE- It is the purpose of this section to identify highway corridors
 of national significance; to include those corridors on the National
 Highway System; to allow the Secretary, in cooperation with the States,
 to prepare long-range plans and feasibility studies for these corridors;
 to allow the States to give priority to funding the construction of these
 corridors; and to provide increased funding for segments of these corridors
 that have been identified for construction.
 (c) IDENTIFICATION OF HIGH PRIORITY CORRIDORS ON NATIONAL HIGHWAY SYSTEM-
 The following are high priority corridors on the National Highway System:
 (1) North-South Corridor from Kansas City, Missouri, to Shreveport, Louisiana.
 (2) Avenue of the Saints Corridor from St. Louis, Missouri, to St. Paul,
 Minnesota.
 (3) East-West Transamerica Corridor.
 (4) Hoosier Heartland Industrial Corridor from Lafayette, Indiana, to
 Toledo, Ohio.
 (5) I-73/74 North-South Corridor from Charleston, South Carolina, through
 Winston-Salem, North Carolina, to Portsmouth, Ohio, to Cincinnati, Ohio,
 and Detroit, Michigan.
 (6) United States Route 80 Corridor from Meridian, Mississippi, to Savannah,
 Georgia.
 (7) East-West Corridor from Memphis, Tennessee, through Huntsville, Alabama,
 to Atlanta, Georgia, and Chattanooga, Tennessee.
 (8) Highway 412 East-West Corridor from Tulsa, Oklahoma, through Arkansas
 along United States Route 62/63/65 to Nashville, Tennessee.
 (9) United States Route 220 and the Appalachian Thruway Corridor from
 Business 220 in Bedford, Pennsylvania, to the vicinity of Corning, New York.
 (10) Appalachian Regional Corridor X.
 (11) Appalachian Regional Corridor V.
 (12) United States Route 25E Corridor from Corbin, Kentucky, to Morristown,
 Tennessee, via Cumberland Gap, to include that portion of Route 58 in
 Virginia which lies within the Cumberland Gap Historical Park.
 (13) Raleigh-Norfolk Corridor, Raleigh, North Carolina, to Norfolk, Virginia.
 (14) Heartland Expressway from Denver, Colorado, through Scottsbluff,
 Nebraska, to Rapid City, South Dakota.
 (15) Urban Highway Corridor along M-59 in Michigan.
 (16) Economic Lifeline Corridor along I-15 and I-40 in California, Arizona,
 and Nevada.
 (17) Route 29 Corridor from Greensboro, North Carolina, to the District
 of Columbia.
 (18) Corridor from Indianapolis, Indiana, to Memphis, Tennessee, via
 Evansville, Indiana.
 (19) United States Route 395 Corridor from the United States-Canadian border
 to Reno, Nevada.
 (20) United States Route 59 Corridor from Laredo, Texas, through Houston,
 Texas, to the vicinity of Texarkana, Texas.
 (21) United States Route 219 Corridor from Buffalo, New York, to the
 intersection of United States Route 17 in the vicinity of Salamanca, New York.
 (d) INCLUSION ON NHS- The Secretary shall include all corridors identified
 in subsection (c) on the proposed National Highway System submitted to
 Congress under section 103(b)(3) of title 23, United States Code.
 (e) PROVISIONS APPLICABLE TO CORRIDORS-
 (1) LONG-RANGE PLAN- The Secretary, in cooperation with the affected State or
 States, may prepare a long-range plan for the upgrading of each corridor to
 the appropriate standard for highways on the National Highway System. Each
 such plan may include a plan for developing the corridor and a plan for
 financing the development.
 (2) FEASIBILITY STUDIES- The Secretary, in cooperation with the affected
 State or States, may prepare feasibility and design studies, as necessary,
 for those corridors for which such studies have not been prepared. A
 feasibility study may be conducted under this subsection with respect to the
 corridor described in subsection (c)(2), relating to Avenue of the Saints,
 to determine the feasibility of an adjunct to the Avenue of the Saints
 serving the southern St. Louis metropolitan area and connecting with I-55
 in the vicinity of Route A in Jefferson County, Missouri.
 (3) CERTIFICATION ACCEPTANCE- The Secretary may discharge any of his
 responsibilities under title 23, United States Code, relative to projects
 on a corridor identified under subsection (c), upon the request of a State,
 by accepting a certification by the State in accordance with section 117
 of such title.
 (4) ACCELERATION OF PROJECTS- To the maximum extent feasible, the Secretary
 may use procedures for acceleration of projects in carrying out projects
 on corridors identified in subsection (c).
 (f) HIGH PRIORITY SEGMENTS- Highway segments of the corridors referred to
 in subsection (c) which are described in this subsection are high priority
 segments eligible for assistance under this section. Subject to subsection
 (g)(2), there is authorized to be appropriated out of the Highway Trust Fund
 (other than the Mass Transit Account) for fiscal years 1992 through 1997
 to carry out a project on each such segment the amount listed for each
 such segment:
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                    CITY/STATE
                                    HIGH PRIORITY CORRIDORS AMOUNT in millions
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
 1.                               Pennsylvania
 For upgrading U.S. 220 High Priority and the Appalachian Thruway Corridor
 between State College and I-80               50.7
 2.   Alabama, Georgia, Mississippi, Tennessee
 Upgrading of the East-West Corridor along Rt. 72               25.4
 3.                                   Missouri
 Improvement of North-South Corridor along Highway 71, Southwestern,
 MO                3.6
 4.                                   Arkansas
 For construction of Highway 412 from Siloam Springs to Springdale, Arkansas
 as part of Highway 412 East-West Corridor               34.0
 5.                                   Arkansas
 For construction of Highway 412 from Harrison to Springdale, Arkansas as
 part of the Highway 412 East-West Corridor               56.0
 6.                               Pennsylvania
 To improve U.S. 220 to a 4-lane limited access highway from Bald Eagle
 northward to the intersection of U.S. 220 and U.S. 322              148.0
 7.                         S. Dakota/Nebraska
 Conduct a feasibility study of expressway from Rapid City, S. Dakota to
 Scotts Bluff, Nebraska               0.64
 8.                                    Alabama
 Construction of Appalachian Highway Corridor X from Corridor V near Fulton,
 Mississippi to U.S. 31 at Birmingham, Alabama as part of Appalachian Highway
 X Corridor Project               59.2
 9.                                    Alabama
 For construction of a portion of Appalachian Development Corridor V from
 Mississippi State Line near Red Bay, Alabama to the Tennessee State Line
 north of Bridgeport, Alabama               25.4
 10.                             West Virginia
 Construction of Shawnee Project from 3-Corner Junction to I-77 as part of
 I-73/74 Corridor project                4.5
 11.                             West Virginia
 Widening U.S. Rt. 52 from Huntington to Williamson, W. Virginia as part of
 the I-73/74 Corridor project              100.0
 12.                             West Virginia
 Replacement of U.S. Rt. 52 from Williamson, W. Virginia to I-77 as part of
 the I-73/74 Corridor project               14.0
 13.                   North Carolina/Virginia
 For Upgrading I-64 and Route 17  Virginia and constructing a new highway from
 Rocky Mount to Elizabeth City, North Carolina as part of the Raleigh-Norfolk
 High Priority Corridor Improvements               17.8
 14.                                  Arkansas
 Construction of Highway 71 between Fayetteville and Alma, Arkansas as part
 of the North-South High Priority Corridor              100.0
 15.                            Arkansas/Texas
 For construction of Highway 71 from Alma, Arkansas to Louisiana border
 70.0
 16.                                  Michigan
 To widen a 60 mile portion of highway M-59 from MacComb County to I-96 in
 Howell County, Michigan               29.6
 17.          South Dakota, Colorado, Nebraska
 To improve the Heartland Expressway from Rapid City, South Dakota to Scotts
 Bluff, Nebraska               29.6
 18.                                   Indiana
 To construct a 4-lane highway from Lafayette to Ft. Wayne, Indiana, following
 existing Indiana 25 and U.S. 24                9.5
 19.                              Ohio/Indiana
 Conduct feasibility and economic study to widen Rt. 24 from Ft. Wayne, Indiana
 to Toledo, Ohio as part of the Lafayette to Toledo Corridor               0.32
 20.               California, Nevada, Arizona
 For improvements on I-15 and I-40 in California, Nevada and Arizona
 ($10,500,000 of which shall be expended on the Nevada portion of the corridor,
 including the I-15/U.S. 95 interchange)               59.2
 21.                                 Louisiana
 To improve the North-South Corridor from Louisiana border to Shreveport,
 Louisiana               29.6
 22.                 Missouri, Iowa, Minnesota
 For improvements for Avenue of the Saints from St. Paul, Minnesota to
 St. Louis, Missouri              118.0
 24.                            Various States
 I-66 Transamerica Highway Feasibility study                1.0
 25.             Kentucky, Tennessee, Virginia To improve Cumberland Gap Tunnel
 and for various associated improvements as part of U.S. 25E Corridor, except
 that the allocation percentages under section 1105(g)(2) of this section
 shall not apply to this project after fiscal year 1992               72.4
 26.              Indiana, Kentucky, Tennessee
 To improve the Bloomington, Indiana, to Newberry, Indiana, segment of
 the Indianapolis, Indiana, to Memphis, Tennessee, high priority corridor
 23.7
 27.                                Washington
 For improvements on the Washington State portion of the U.S. 395 corridor
 from the U.S.-Canadian border to Reno, Nevada               54.5
 28.                                  Virginia
 Construction of a bypass of Danville, Virginia, on Route 29 Corridor
 17.0
 29.                                  Arkansas
 Highway 412 from Harrison to Mt. Home               20.0
 30.                                  New York
 Improvements on Route 219 between Springville to Ellicottville in New York
 State                9.5
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
 (g) PROVISIONS RELATING TO HIGH PRIORITY SEGMENTS-
 (1) DETAILED PLANS- Each State in which a priority segment identified under
 subsection (f) is located may prepare a detailed plan for completion of
 construction of such segment and for financing such construction.
 (2) ALLOCATION PERCENTAGES- 8 percent of the amount allocated by subsection
 (f) for each high priority segment authorized by subsection (f) shall be
 available for obligation in fiscal year 1992. 18.4 percent of such amount
 shall be available for obligation in each of fiscal years 1993, 1994, 1995,
 1996, and 1997.
 (3) FEDERAL SHARE- The Federal share payable on account of any project
 under subsection (f) shall be 80 percent of the cost thereof.
 (4) DELEGATION TO STATES- Subject to the provisions of title 23, United
 States Code, the Secretary may delegate responsibility for construction
 of a project or projects under subsection (f) to the State in which such
 project or projects are located upon request of such State.
 (5) ADVANCE CONSTRUCTION- When a State which has been delegated responsibility
 for construction of a project under this subsection--
 (A) has obligated all funds allocated under this subsection for construction
 of such project; and
 (B) proceeds to construct such project without the aid of Federal funds
 in accordance with all procedures and all requirements applicable to such
 project, except insofar as such procedures and requirements limit the State
 to the construction of projects with the aid of Federal funds previously
 allocated to it;
the Secretary, upon the approval of the application of a State, shall pay
to the State the Federal share of the cost of construction of the project
when additional funds are allocated for such project under this subsection.
 (6) APPLICABILITY OF TITLE 23- Funds authorized by subsection (f) and
 subsection (h) shall be available for obligation in the same manner as if
 such funds were apportioned under chapter 1 of title 23, United States Code,
 except that the Federal share of the cost of any project under subsection
 (f) shall be determined in accordance with this subsection and such funds
 shall remain available until expended. Funds authorized by subsection (f)
 shall not be subject to any obligation limitation.
 (7) STATE PRIORITY FOR HIGH PRIORITY SEGMENTS- Section 105 of title 23,
 United States Code, as amended by this Act, is further amended by adding
 at the end the following new subsection:
 `(k) PRIORITY FOR HIGH PRIORITY SEGMENTS OF CORRIDORS OF NATIONAL
 SIGNIFICANCE- In selecting projects for inclusion in a program of projects
 under this section, the State may give priority to high priority segments
 of corridors identified under section 1105(f) of the Intermodal Surface
 Transportation Efficiency Act of 1991. In approving programs of projects under
 this section, the Secretary may give priority of approval to, and expedite
 construction of, projects to complete construction of such segments.'.
 (8) SPECIAL RULE- Amounts allocated by subsection (f) to the State of
 California for improvements on I-15 and I-40 shall not be subject to any
 State or local law relating to apportionment of funds available for the
 construction or improvement of highways.
 (h) AUTHORIZATION FOR FEASIBILITY STUDIES- There is authorized to be
 appropriated to the Secretary out of the Highway Trust Fund (other than
 the Mass Transit Account) $8,000,000 per fiscal year for each of the fiscal
 years 1992 through 1997 to carry out feasibility and design studies under
 subsection (e)(2).
 (i) REVOLVING LOAN FUND-
 (1) ESTABLISHMENT- The Secretary may establish a Priority Corridor Revolving
 Loan Fund.
 (2) ADVANCES- The Secretary shall make available as repayable advances
 amounts from the Revolving Loan Fund to States for planning and construction
 of corridors listed in subsection (c). In making such amounts available,
 the Secretary shall give priority to segments identified in subsection (f).
 (3) REPAYMENT OF ADVANCES- The amount of an advance to a State in a fiscal
 year under paragraph (2) may not exceed the amount of a State's estimated
 apportionments for the National Highway System for the 2 succeeding fiscal
 years. Advances shall be repaid (A) by reducing the State's National Highway
 System apportionment in each of the succeeding 3 fiscal years by  1/3  of
 the amount of the advance, or (B) by direct repayment. Repayments shall be
 credited to the Priority Corridor Revolving Loan Fund.
 (4) AUTHORIZATION- There is authorized to be appropriated to the Secretary,
 out of the Highway Trust Fund (other than the Mass Transit Account),
 $40,000,000 per fiscal year for each of fiscal years 1993 through 1997 to
 carry out this subsection.
SEC. 1106. RURAL AND URBAN ACCESS PROJECTS.
 (a) RURAL ACCESS PROJECTS-
 (1) PURPOSE- The purpose of this subsection is to provide funds for projects
 that ensure better rural access and that promote economic development in
 rural areas.
 (2) AUTHORIZATION OF PROJECTS- The Secretary is authorized to carry out
 rural access projects described in this paragraph. Subject to paragraph
 (3), there is authorized to be appropriated out of the Highway Trust Fund
 (other than the Mass Transit Account) for fiscal years 1992 through 1997
 to carry out each such project the amount listed for each such project:
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                             CITY/STATE
                             RURAL ACCESS AMOUNT in millions
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
   1.                       Cadiz, Ohio
   Improvements of Short Creek Highway from Cadiz, Ohio to Rayland,
   Ohio                2.5
   2.        Boger City, North Carolina
   Construction of 4-lane divided highway along Highway 321 to Boger City,
   NC to NC 127 South               14.2
   3.                   Utica, New York
   Improvement of the Utica North/South Arterial                9.9
   4.           Oneida County, New York
   Upgrade a highway to 4 lanes in Oneida County, New York                8.0
   5.                Southern, Oklahoma
   Widening of U.S. 70               0.24
   6.                Southern, Oklahoma
   Construction of a bridge and approaches at Pennington Creek,
   OK                1.0
   7.         Johnsonburg, Pennsylvania
   Relocation of a 2-lane highway from Center Street to PA Rt. 255 along
   U.S. 219, Johnsonburg Bypass               14.0
   8.                      Pennsylvania
   Construction of truck driving lanes and safety improvements on U.S. 219
   between I-80 and the NY State Line               26.0
   9.          East St. Louis, Illinois
   Feasibility study for 4-lane Access Road to Jefferson Memorial Park
   0.24
  10.                          Illinois
  To conduct an Environmental Impact Study & Design Study on a 58-mile stretch
  of U.S. 67 corridor from Alton, IL to Jacksonville, IL                2.5
  11.                  Venice, Illinois
  For rehabilitation of McKinley Bridge near Venice, IL                5.9
  12.                  Decatur, Alabama
  Project for replacement of Keller Memorial Bridge, Decatur, AL
  12.7
  13.            Lenoir City, Tennessee
  Feasibility Study on Fort Loudon Dam Bridge on U.S. Highway 231 in Lenoir
  City, TN                0.5
  14.            Blount City, Tennessee
  Improvement of U.S. Highway #411 in Monroe and Blount Counties,
  TN               15.7
  15.                          Missouri
  For improvements of Highway 60 in New Madrid, Stoddard, Carter and Butler
  Counties, MO               21.7
  16.                Southern, Missouri
  Improvement of Rt. 65 through Greene, Christian and Taney Counties,
  MO               14.1
  17.           Lake Charles, Louisiana
  Construction of roads and bridge to provide access to Rose Bluff Industrial
  Area, Lake Charles, LA                4.1
  18.                         Louisiana
  For improvement and extension of Ambassador Caffery Parkway in Louisiana
  14.9
  19.                              Ohio
  Construction of U.S. Rt. 68 Bypass in Clark, Champaign and Logan Counties
  15.8
  20.           Aliquippa, Pennsylvania
  For various 3-R Projects in Aliquippa, PA               12.8
  21.                  Riverton, Kansas
  Construction of a new highway from Riverton, KS to Interstate 44 in
  Missouri               13.1
  22.                   North Minnesota
  Construction and reconstruction of Forest Highway 11 connecting Aurora-Hoyt
  Lakes and Silver Bay, MN                9.5
  23.              Richfield, Minnesota
  77th Street Reconstruction Project, Richfield, MN               11.6
  24.                       Mississippi
  Improvements on Highway 84 in Franklin and Lincoln Counties, MS
  9.5
  25.                       Mississippi
  Upgrading of U.S. Highway 98 from County line of Pike and Waltham Counties,
  MS to Lamar County, MS                0.4
  26.                       Mississippi
  Upgrading Highway 61 from Natchez, MS to Louisiana State line
  0.35
  27.                       Mississippi
  Upgrading Highway 84 from Brookhaven, MS to U.S. 49 in Collins,
  MS                2.1
  28.            Chattahoochee, Florida
  Construction of Mosquito Creek Bridge                2.4
  29.                           Florida
  To upgrade State Rt. 71 from State Rt. 10 to State Rt. 8                2.9
  30.                           Florida
  To upgrade Florida State Rt. 267 from State Rt. 8 to State Rt. 10
  4.7
  31.                          Illinois
  Tollway feasibility study (East St. Louis to Carbondale, IL)
  0.32
  32.              Mt. Vernon, Illinois
  Extension of 34th Street from IL Rt. 15 to County Road 10               0.96
  33.                          Illinois
  Reconstruction of Feather Trail Road from Ullin Road Interchange to Rt. 37,
  Pulaski County, IL                1.1
  34.                          Illinois
  Resurfacing IL Rt. 1 from Cave-In-Rock to north of Omaha                1.8
  35.       Williamson County, Illinois
  Upgrading IL Rt. 13 in Williamson County, IL                7.8
  36.           Saline County, Illinois
  For improvements to Rt. 13 from Williamson-Saline County line to Harrisburg,
  IL                4.0
  37.         Winchester, New Hampshire
  Replacement of Winchester Bridge, Winchester, NH                0.8
  38.            Hanover, New Hampshire
  Ledyard Bridge reconstruction                7.8
  39.         Asheville, North Carolina
  U.S. 19-23 improvement project, Asheville, NC               11.1
  40.                       Niles, Ohio
  Belmont Street Bridge Replacement, Niles, OH                1.2
  41.                   Struthers, Ohio
  Bridge Street Bridge replacement, Struthers, OH                1.2
  42.                       Niles, Ohio
  South Main Street Bridge replacement, Niles, OH                2.5
  43.       St. Joseph County, Michigan
  U.S. 131, St. Joseph County, MI                0.5
  44.          Berrien County, Michigan
  U.S. 31 relocation, Berrien County, MI               17.4
  45.                 Holland, Michigan
  U.S. 31 upgrade, Holland, Ottawa County, MI                1.3
  46.                    North Carolina
  I-85 Interchange improvement at State Route 1103 Granville County,
  NC                1.7
  47.         Manchester, New Hampshire
  Manchester Airport Road improvements                4.0
  48.                     New Hampshire
  Wetlands mitigation package for New Hampshire Rt. 101/51               10.0
  49.                          Arkansas
  To improve U.S. 65 from Harrison, Arkansas to Missouri Line
  38.0
  50.                          Arkansas
  To improve Phoenix Avenue in the vicinity of the Ft. Smith Airport,
  Ft. Smith, Arkansas                7.9
  51.                          Arkansas
  To study bypass alternatives for U.S. 71 in the vicinity of Bella Vista,
  Arkansas                3.0
  52.     Bedford Springs, Pennsylvania
  To construct an access road along Old U.S. 220 to the Springs Project
  and to construct other facilities to facilitate movement of traffic
  within the site and construction of a parking facility to be associated
  therewith               19.7
  53.           DeValls Bluff, Arkansas
  Construction of a replacement bridge across the White River
  2.5
  54.               Jonesboro, Arkansas
  Complete construction of 3 interchanges on the Highway 63 Bypass at
  Jonesboro                5.7
  55.           Brevard County, Florida
  Design and engineer improvements for State Rd. 3 between State Rd. 520
  and State Rd. 528               0.16
  56.                         Louisiana
  For construction of a new road from an area in the vicinity of I-55 to
  Alexandria, Louisiana                1.7
  57.                   Beaumont, Texas
  Widen Highway FM-364 from a 2-lane to a 4-lane road               10.4
  58.        Farmington Hills, Michigan
  To widen 12-mile road corridor in the vicinity of Farmington Hills,
  Michigan                2.5
  59.                     Laredo, Texas
  Expand capacity of 2-lane highway, construct interchanges and connector
  highway                7.4
  60.                Montewma, Colorado
  Upgrade farm to market road serving Ute Indian Reservation                2.9
  61.                    Lubbock, Texas
  Initiate feasibility and route studies and preliminary engineering and
  design for highway to connect Lubbock with Interstate 20                2.9
  62.                  Rosenberg, Texas
  To purchase right-of-way for Highway 36 Bypass West of Rosenberg,
  Texas                0.9
  63.                   Angleton, Texas
  For various activities associated with relocation of Highway 288 in vicinity
  of Angleton, Texas                0.9
  64.                      Mentor, Ohio
  For construction of an interchange on State Rt. 615 at I-90 in Mentor,
  Ohio                4.7
  65.              W. Central, Illinois
  For widening of U.S. 34 between Burlington, Iowa and Monmouth, Illinois
  1.9
  66.                          Illinois
  To make improvements including construction of a bridge on U.S. 67 in NW
  Illinois                2.4
  67.  Monongahela Valley, Pennsylvania
  For construction of southernmost extension of the Monongahela Expressway
  14.0
  68.      Dauphin County, Pennsylvania
  Design, acquire right-of-way and reconstruct 5.1 miles of 4-lane divided
  highway from Dauphin Borough to Speeceville, Pennsylvania               12.0
  69.      Rutherford County, Tennessee
  Replace existing bridge over the west fork of the Stone's River including
  a 5-foot elevated walkway                0.8
  70.            Wayne County, New York
  To improve Rt. 104 from Furnace Road to Pound Road in the Wayne County
  Area of New York                6.4
  71.       Chautauqua County, New York
  Construct 2 additional expressway lanes from Chautauqua Lake Bridge to
  Pennsylvania Border               17.0
  72.                    North Carolina
  To reimburse the State of North Carolina for construction and repair of
  the Bonner Bridge, North Carolina                3.0
  73.                    North Carolina
  Construct interstate link between I-95 and I-40 in vicinity of Wilson and
  Goldsboro, North Carolina                8.9
  74.           Bossier City, Louisiana
  To study grade separations along 10 miles of KC Railroad along U.S. 71
  0.16
  75.                      Pennsylvania
  Widen 14-mile segment of U.S. 15 from 2 to 4 lanes               13.8
  76.             Overland Park, Kansas
  I-435 Interchange Project                4.1
  77.           Fairmont, West Virginia
  Riverside Expressway improvements                5.3
  78.                        Washington
  State Rt. 14 Improvement Projects, Columbia River Gorge, Washington
  8.6
  79.                      Pennsylvania
  Pennsylvania Industrial Park access, Washington County, Pennsylvania
  6.3
  80.                      Pennsylvania
  Chadville Improvement Project, Southern Fayette County, Pennsylvania
  2.4
  81.                      Pennsylvania
  U.S. Rt. 219 Meyersdale Bypass               48.0
  82.                      Pennsylvania
  U.S. Rt. 22 Improvements: Monroeville to Ebansburg               30.3
  83.                      Pennsylvania
  Laurel Valley Expressway, Blairsville, Pennsylvania                5.0
  84.                Brownsville, Texas
  Brownsville Railroad Relocation Project                6.7
  85.                    South Carolina
  Southern Connector Highway, Greenville County, South Carolina
  3.6
  86.                              Ohio
  Rt. 18 Bypass Study, Medina, Ohio                0.4
  87.                              Ohio
  U.S. Rt. 250 Bypass Study, Norwalk, Ohio                0.4
  88.                Mankato, Minnesota
  Mankato South Rt. Improvements, Mankato, Minnesota               10.0
  89.                          Kentucky
  U.S. 119 Upgrading, Pike County, KY                7.6
  90.                          Michigan
  U.S. Rt. 127 Upgrading, Jackson County, Michigan                0.8
  91. Eden Prairie & Cologne, Minnesota
  U.S. Trunk Highway 212 improvement project, Eden Prairie/Cologne,
  MN                8.7
  92.                              Ohio
  Rt. 30 extension: East Canton/Minerva, Ohio                5.3
  93.                        New Mexico
  Raton-Clayton Rd., Clayton, New Mexico                9.3
  94.                        New Mexico
  Jicarilla Apache State Road, New Mexico                1.5
  95.                           Arizona
  Turquoise Trail Highway, Navajo County, Arizona                5.9
  96.                      Pennsylvania
  U.S. Rt. 222 Relocation, Lehigh County, Pennsylvania                1.5
  97.                      Pennsylvania
  Pennsylvania Rt. 33 Extension, Northhampton County, Pennsylvania
  16.8
  98.                          Kentucky
  Highway 92 Relocation Study, South Central Kentucky                0.1
  99.                          Kentucky
  U.S. 27 Improvements, Jessamine County, Kentucky                9.2
 100.                    North Carolina
 U-2519/X-2 Highways, Cumberland, North Carolina               15.9
 101.                          Missouri
 Adams Dairy Parkway Project, Blue Springs, Missouri                1.5
 102.                  Lawrence, Kansas
 Lawrence Circumferential Roadway, Douglas County, Kansas                3.3
 103.                            Kansas
 Oakland Expressway, Eastern Shawnee, Kansas                5.9
 104.                          Missouri
 Highway 63 improvements, Columbia, Missouri/Iowa border                5.9
 105.                     West Virginia
 Highway Improvements: Mason County/Kanawha, West Virginia               19.5
 106.                      Pennsylvania
 Warren Street Extension/U.S. 222 Reconstruction, Berks County, Pennsylvania
 6.6
 107.                          Illinois
 For construction of the Alton Bypass from the vicinity of Alton and Godfrey,
 Illinois                4.4
 108.                              Iowa
 Construct Mason City Bypass, Gerro Gordo County, Iowa               14.8
 109.    Prince Edward County, Virginia A highway improvement project one
 mile south of Farmville in Prince Edward County, Virginia, to increase from
 two lanes to four lanes approximately two miles of Route 460. Such project
 shall connect the existing four lanes of Route 460 approaching the segment
 from the east and the west. The Secretary of the Army, acting through the
 Chief of Engineers, is directed, upon request of officials representing
 Prince Edward County, Virginia, to allow the immediate filling of the
 Sandy River Reservoir in accordance with the terms and conditions of the
 permit, without further amendment or modification in any respect, issued
 by the Department of the Army relating to the reservoir, except that no
 contingency in such permit pertaining to water demand or use shall become
 effective or shall be enforced prior to seven years from date of completion
 of such highway project                4.4
 110.       Port Lavaca to Cuero, Texas
 Construct upgraded, improved four-lane divided highway               43.9
 111.      Parker County, Texas (SH199)
 Upgrade existing highway to four-lane divided highway               33.5
 112.           Howell County, Missouri
 Improve Highway 63                3.6
 113.                 Louisa, Louisiana
 Louisa Bridge replacement, Louisa, LA                9.5
 114.              Travis County, Texas
 Highway 620 bridge improvement               11.4
 115.             Latrobe, Pennsylvania
 Ligonier Street Reconstruction                0.8
 116.   Carroltown/DuBois, Pennsylvania
 U.S. 219 Improvements                4.0
 117.   Robinson Township, Pennsylvania
 Design Work in Town Center                5.0
 118.                     West Virginia
 Chelyan Bridge Replacement                8.5
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
 (3) ALLOCATION PERCENTAGES- 8 percent of the amount allocated by paragraph
 (2) for each project authorized by paragraph (2) shall be available for
 obligation in fiscal year 1992. 18.4 percent of such amount shall be available
 for obligation in each of fiscal years 1993, 1994, 1995, 1996, and 1997.
 (4) FEDERAL SHARE- The Federal share payable on account of any project
 under this subsection shall be 80 percent of the cost thereof.
 (5) DELEGATION TO STATES- Subject to the provisions of title 23, United
 States Code, the Secretary shall delegate responsibility for construction
 of a project or projects under this subsection to the State in which such
 project or projects are located upon request of such State.
 (6) ADVANCE CONSTRUCTION- When a State which has been delegated responsibility
 for construction of a project under this subsection--
 (A) has obligated all funds allocated under this subsection for construction
 of such project; and
 (B) proceeds to construct such project without the aid of Federal funds
 in accordance with all procedures and all requirements applicable to such
 project, except insofar as such procedures and requirements limit the State
 to the construction of projects with the aid of Federal funds previously
 allocated to it;
the Secretary, upon the approval of the application of a State, shall pay
to the State the Federal share of the cost of construction of the project
when additional funds are allocated for such project under this subsection.
 (7) APPLICABILITY OF TITLE 23- Funds authorized by this subsection shall be
 available for obligation in the same manner as if such funds were apportioned
 under chapter 1 of title 23, United States Code, except that the Federal
 share of the cost of any project under this subsection shall be determined
 in accordance with this subsection and such funds shall remain available
 until expended. Funds authorized by this subsection shall not be subject
 to any obligation limitation.
 (b) URBAN ACCESS AND URBAN MOBILITY PROJECTS-
 (1) PURPOSE- The purpose of this subsection is to provide funds for projects
 that enhance urban access and urban mobility.
 (2) AUTHORIZATION OF PROJECTS- The Secretary is authorized to carry out
 urban access and urban mobility projects described in this paragraph. Subject
 to paragraph (3), there is authorized to be appropriated out of the Highway
 Trust Fund (other than the Mass Transit Account) for fiscal years 1992 through
 1997 to carry out each such project the amount listed for each such project:
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                  CITY/STATE
                                                  URBAN ACCESS & MOBILITY
                                                  AMOUNT in millions
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  1.                                   Santa Ana, California
  Bristol Street Project                4.1
  2.                                       Illinois/Missouri
  Metro East/St. Louis, Missouri Bridge Feasibility Study                1.0
  3.                    Beaver/Butler Counties, Pennsylvania
  Construction of Crow's Run Expressway from I-79 to PA Rt. 60, Beaver/Butler
  Counties, PA                3.5
  4.                                        Atlanta, Georgia
  Improvement of Martin Luther King Drive                0.8
  5.                                       Chicago, Illinois
  Handicapped Accessibility Projects on various Chicago Streets
  2.4
  6.                                       Chicago, Illinois
  Feasibility study for a road between existing Lake Shore Drive and Indiana
  Road               0.16
  7.                                    San Jose, California
  Improvement of Interchange at Highway 85/Highway 17               35.0
  8.                                      Gilroy, California
  For safety improvements on Highway 152 in vicinity of Gilroy,
  CA                5.9
  9.                                      New York, New York
  Improvements on Miller Highway in New York City, NY               15.6
 10.                                    District of Columbia
 Construction of missing segments of Eastern and Southern Avenues (Boundary
 Street Safety Initiative)                6.8
 11.                                       Buffalo, New York
 Scajaquada Expressway Classification study               0.24
 12.                                       Buffalo, New York
 NY State Thruway relocation study, Buffalo (Niagara), NY               0.24
 13.                                        Joliet, Illinois
 For rehabilitation of Houbolt Road from Jefferson Street to Joliet Jr. College
 and construction and interchange at Houbolt Road and I-80                1.0
 14.                                       Chicago, Illinois
 WPA street improvements bounded on the north by 103rd, the east by
 Stoney Island, the west by Ashland, and the south by the city limits
 3.7
 15.                                       Burnham, Illinois
 To improve Dolton Avenue between Torrence Avenue and Indiana State Line,
 Burnham, IL                1.9
 16.                                  Calumet Park, Illinois
 Ashland Avenue Bridge replacement                2.1
 17.                                        Harvey, Illinois
 Illinois 1 Interchange improvement from U.S. 6 to I-80                2.5
 18.                                       Markham, Illinois
 Sibley Boulevard traffic flow improvement from Dixie Highway
 3.5
 19.                                       Chicago, Illinois
 Illinois 1 intersection improvement, Harvey, IL (intersection at 155th
 Street)                1.4
 20.                                        Youngstown, Ohio
 Center Street Bridge replacement, Youngstown, OH, including Poland
 Avenue--Shirley Road connector and ramps at I-680               12.2
 21.   Lake Porter and LaPort Counties, Indiana and Illinois
 Study linkage roads to connect Lake Shore Drive and surrounding facilities
 1.0
 22.                                                 Indiana
 Acquisition of West Lake Corridor Right-of-Way between Munster, IN and
 Hammond , IN                1.0
 23.                                        Portage, Indiana
 Widen Willow Creek Road to 4 lanes                1.5
 24.           Hobart, Lake Station and New Chicago, Indiana
 Various improvements to Ridge Road to relieve congestion                4.3
 25.                              Passaic County, New Jersey
 To complete construction of Rt. 21 in Passaic County, New Jersey
 98.8
 26.                                Northeastern, New Jersey
 To raise 14 bridges over Molly Ann's Brook Northeastern, New Jersey
 9.5
 27.                              Chambersburg, Pennsylvania     To improve
 the Wayne Avenue--I-81 Interchange and to widen Wayne Avenue to 5 lanes
 from Kriner Road to Coldbrook Avenue in the vicinity of Chambersburg,
 Pennsylvania               1.84
 28.                                      Newark, New Jersey
 To construct ramps to provide access to I-78                7.2
 29.                                      Newark, New Jersey
 To construct a parking facility as part of a multi-modal transportation
 facility in the vicinity of United Hospitals Medical Center, Newark, New
 Jersey                4.9
 30.                                 Lawrence, Massachusetts
 Study, design, and construct new road service; road and ramps and widen
 I-495                4.7
 31.                                     Baltimore, Maryland
 To improve various roads as part of project `Project Vision' in Baltimore,
 Maryland                5.0
 32.                                    Bellevue, Washington
 Conduct Phase I design study for I-405 interchange at Northeast 8th
 Street                5.0
 33.                                   Springfield, Illinois
 To extend 11th Street from Stevenson Drive to Toronto Road in the vicinity
 of Springfield, Illinois                8.3
 34.                                   Middlesex, New Jersey
 Route 1 widening in Middlesex County, New Jersey from Raritan River to
 Rahway River                7.4
 35.           Perth Amboy & Woodbridge Township, New Jersey
 Study whether additional river crossings may be necessary based on condition
 of 3 existing crossings                2.5
 36.                                     Compton, California
 For a grade separation project at W. Alameda Street and the Mealy
 St. Corridor                6.6
 37.                      Parsippany, Troy Hills, New Jersey
 Construct interchange and ramp improvements for east and west bound traffic
 on I-280                3.1
 38.                                        Queens, New York
 To rehabilitate 39th Street Bridge over rail tracks at the Sunnyside Rail
 Yard in Queens, New York               10.4
 39.                                         Omaha, Nebraska
 For improvements to US Highway 6 (W. Dodge Road) from 86th Street to 118th
 including the intersection with I-680 in Omaha, Nebraska                5.2
 40.                    Suffolk County/Long Island, New York Construct
 various roadway improvements on 7.1 miles of New York Rt. 112, including,
 resurfacing, widening, adding turning and parking lanes and improving
 traffic signals                3.4
 41.                                   San Diego, California
 To conduct environmental study on feasibility of constructing 4-lane highway
 from State Rt. 805 to International border near Otay Mesa                1.0
 42.                                       Sarasota, Florida
 To construct a bridge interchange at US 301 and University Parkway in the
 vicinity of Sarasota, Florida                2.4
 43.                                   Hartford, Connecticut
 To rehabilitate Connecticut Rt. 99 South of Hartford, Connecticut
 5.0
 44.                                   Hartford, Connecticut
 For improved access to the Connecticut River as in I-91 Mitigation Project,
 Hartford, Connecticut                2.3
 45.                                  Chattanooga, Tennessee
 Construct an urban diamond interchange to improve capacity and a connector
 road                3.1
 46.                                    Commerce, California
 To relocate a portion of Atlantic Blvd. in the vicinity of Telegraph Rd. as
 part of a grade separation project                4.7
 47.                                  Scranton, Pennsylvania
 Realign 3,000 feet of N. Scranton Expressway to connect with Mulberry
 Street                7.2
 48.                                   Long Island, New York
 Southern State Parkway Improvement                4.6
 49.                                                New York
 Exit 26 Ridge Project Schenectady, New York                5.7
 50.                  Capital Beltway, Springfield, Virginia
 Upgrade interchanges on I-495, including Virginia Mixing Bowl Improvements
 7.5
 51.                                                    Utah
 Expansion of State Rd. 5600 West                3.3
 52.                                       Chicago, Illinois
 Right-of-way preservation projects (Eisenhower & Stevenson Connector)
 4.8
 53.                                       Chicago, Illinois
 Museum of Science & Industry: Various intermodal facilities, Chicago,
 Illinois               35.0
 54.                                       Chicago, Illinois
 Chicago Skyway Bridge, Chicago, Illinois               14.2
 55.                                       Chicago, Illinois
 Cermak Road Bridge reconstruction, Chicago, Illinois                9.2
 56.                                       Chicago, Illinois
 Roosevelt Rd. and Bridge Improvements, Chicago, Illinois               11.8
 56A.                                      Chicago, Illinois
 State Street Mall Improvements, Chicago, Illinois               14.2
 57.                                       Chicago, Illinois
 Cicero Avenue Improvements, vicinity of Chicago, Illinois                1.1
 58.                                       Chicago, Illinois
 183rd Street Reconstruction, Chicago, Illinois                1.5
 59.                                       Chicago, Illinois
 111th Street Reconstruction, Chicago, Illinois                2.5
 60.                                       Chicago, Illinois
 111th Street Upgrade: Cicero Avenue to Pulaski Road, Chicago, Illinois
 2.5
 61.                                       Chicago, Illinois
 111th Street Widening; Central Avenue to Cicero Avenue, Chicago, Illinois
 4.7
 62.                                         Muncie, Indiana
 State Rd. 67 Widening               10.0
 63.                                       Columbus, Indiana
 Columbus Entranceway project, Columbus, Indiana                3.3
 64.                                              New Jersey
 Rt. 17/4 Interchange Project, Paramus, New Jersey                5.7
 65.                                              New Jersey
 Hackensack Avenue/Kinderkamack Road Bridges over Rt. 4, Hackensack, New
 Jersey                5.7
 66.                                             Los Angeles
 Grade separation projects (3), Los Angeles County, California
 7.1
 67.                                                New York
 Preservation of Rail Corridor (North Shore Rail Line), Staten Island
 10.7
 68.                                                Maryland
 Improvement of U.S. Route 1 in Baltimore County, Maryland               11.8
 69.                                      Camden, New Jersey
 Renovation of South Jersey Port Corporation's Beckett Street Terminal
 8.3
 70.                                        Washington, D.C.
 Design and construction of noise barriers along Southeast/Southwest Freeway
 and Anacostia Freeway in D.C.                4.7
 71.                                     Anaheim, California
 Construction of public HOV facilities to provide public access to I-5 in
 the vicinity of the Anaheim Regional Transportation Intermodal Complex
 14.8
 72.                                        Atlanta, Georgia
 Construction of I-20 interchange at Lithonia Industrial Boulevard
 11.2
 73.                                       Buffalo, New York
 The Southtowns Connector Buffalo, New York                8.5
 74.                                         Tucson, Arizona
 Veterans Memorial Interchange/Palo Verde Overpass Bridge Replacement
 2.4
 75.                                Providence, Rhode Island
 Memorial Boulevard Pedestrian/Traffic Improvements                5.0
 76.                                      Renton, Washington
 Houser Way Relocation Expansion                3.0
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
 (3) ALLOCATION PERCENTAGES- 8 percent of the amount allocated by paragraph
 (2) for each project authorized by paragraph (2) shall be available for
 obligation in fiscal year 1992. 18.4 percent of such amount shall be available
 for obligation in each of fiscal years 1993, 1994, 1995, 1996, and 1997.
 (4) FEDERAL SHARE- The Federal share payable on account of any project
 under this subsection shall be 80 percent of the cost thereof.
 (5) DELEGATION TO STATES- Subject to the provisions of title 23, United
 States Code, the Secretary shall delegate responsibility for construction
 of a project or projects under this subsection to the State in which such
 project or projects are located upon request of such State.
 (6) ADVANCE CONSTRUCTION- When a State which has been delegated responsibility
 for construction of a project under this subsection--
 (A) has obligated all funds allocated under this subsection for construction
 of such project; and
 (B) proceeds to construct such project without the aid of Federal funds
 in accordance with all procedures and all requirements applicable to such
 project, except insofar as such procedures and requirements limit the State
 to the construction of projects with the aid of Federal funds previously
 allocated to it;
the Secretary, upon the approval of the application of a State, shall pay
to the State the Federal share of the cost of construction of the project
when additional funds are allocated for such project under this subsection.
 (7) APPLICABILITY OF TITLE 23- Funds authorized by this subsection shall be
 available for obligation in the same manner as if such funds were apportioned
 under chapter 1 of title 23, United States Code, except that the Federal
 share of the cost of any project under this subsection shall be determined
 in accordance with this subsection and such funds shall remain available
 until expended. Funds authorized by this subsection shall not be subject
 to any obligation limitation.
SEC. 1107. INNOVATIVE PROJECTS.
 (a) IN GENERAL- The purpose of this section is to provide assistance for
 highway projects demonstrating innovative techniques of highway construction
 and finance. Each State in which 1 of the projects authorized by subsection
 (b) is located shall select and use, in carrying out such project, innovative
 techniques in highway construction or finance. Such techniques may include
 state-of-the-art technology for pavement, safety, or other aspects of highway
 construction; innovative financing techniques; or accelerated procedures
 for construction.
 (b) AUTHORIZATION OF PROJECTS- The Secretary is authorized to carry out
 the innovative projects described in this subsection. Subject to subsection
 (c), there is authorized to be appropriated out of the Highway Trust Fund
 (other than the Mass Transit Account) for fiscal years 1992 through 1997
 to carry out each such project the amount listed for each such project:
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                               CITY/STATE
                                               INNOVATIVE PROJECTS AMOUNT
                                               in millions
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
   1.                                         Cadiz, Ohio
   Construction of 4-lane Limited Access Highway from Cadiz, OH to Interstate
   70 Interchange at St. Clairsville, OH along U.S. Rt. 250               20.0
   2.                                            Maryland
   Construction of Durham Road Bridge #75 in Harford County, MD
   0.5
   3.                                            Maryland
   Construction of a replacement bridge at Furnace Road Bridge #74, Harford
   County, MD                0.6
   4.                                            Maryland
   Construction of a replacement bridge at South Hampton Road Bridge #47,
   Harford County, MD                1.0
   5.                                            Maryland
   Construction of a replacement bridge at Wheel Road Bridge #9, Harford
   County, MD                1.0
   6.                                            Maryland
   Construction of a replacement bridge at Watervale Bridge #63, Harford
   County, MD                1.1
   7.                          Baltimore County, Maryland
   Replacement Papermill Road Bridge #123 in Cockeysville Area of Baltimore,
   MD                5.3
   8.                                  Southern, Oklahoma
   Testing of effectiveness of recyclable materials on a resurfacing project
   on U.S. 70 in Southern, OK                2.1
   9.                                     Tulsa, Oklahoma
   Upgrade U.S. 75 to Expressway standards, Tulsa, OK               14.0
  10.                                    Atlanta, Georgia
  For various transportation improvements in connection with the 1996
  Olympics, including the city of Atlanta advanced traffic management system
  (IVHS)               58.1
  11.                                   Chicago, Illinois
  Computerized infrastructure management systems, Chicago, IL
  4.3
  12.                               Oceanside, California
  Construction of A, B, and C segments of State Route 76               14.4
  13.                                Carlsbad, California
  Improvements to the interchange at Palomar Airport Road and Interstate
  5                3.4
  14.                                  Danville, Virginia
  To replace bridges on Main and Worsham Streets in Danville, VA
  10.0
  15.                                    Mokena, Illinois
  For construction of Wolf Road to an area between LaPort Road and U.S. Rt. 30
  in Mokena, IL                1.4
  16.                                 Frankfort, Illinois
  Village of Frankfort Roadway improvement projects                1.3
  17.                                Plainfield, Illinois
  Replacement of E J & E Viaduct over IL Rt. 59 and Dupage River Tributary
  1.0
  18.                                Romeoville, Illinois
  Replacement of 135th Street Bridge, Romeoville, IL                5.9
  19.                          Water Street, Pennsylvania
  Construction of a 2 lane bypass around the Borough of Water Street on
  U.S. 22 of Pennsylvania                8.0
  20.                          Holidaysburg, Pennsylvania
  To relocate U.S. 22 around the Borough of Holidaysburg, Pennsylvania
  52.0
  21.                             Lewistown, Pennsylvania
  For safety improvements on the Narrows to eliminate potential problems
  brought on by rock slides                1.6
  22.                                        Pennsylvania
  To relocate U.S. Rt. 22 North of Lewistown, Pennsylvania               58.3
  23.                            Reedsville, Pennsylvania
  For construction of a 4 lane highway between Reedsville and Seven Mountains,
  Pennsylvania               35.1
  24.                                        Pennsylvania
  To relocate section of railroad tracks between Hagerstown, Maryland and
  Shippensburg, Pennsylvania to eliminate 23 at-grade crossings and to make
  connection to an existing railroad line               14.4
  25.                        Roaring Spring, Pennsylvania
  To upgrade to 3 lanes by adding a center turning lane a section of
  Pennsylvania 36 from New U.S. 220 to the intersection at Roaring Spring,
  Pennsylvania                8.8
  26.                               Altoona, Pennsylvania
  To widen and extend Chestnut Avenue from Altoona to Juniata, Pennsylvania
  7.12
  27.                        Bedford County, Pennsylvania
  To widen Rt. 30 from the Narrows in Bedford to Mt. Dallas, Pennsylvania
  48.0
  28.                             Brevard County, Florida
  Design, acquire right-of-way and construct a widened bridge on State Road
  3 over the Barge Canal                6.9
  29.             Blacksburg, Montgomery County, Virginia
  Construction of 6 mile 4 lane highway to demonstrate intelligent/vehicle
  highway systems                5.9
  30.                                     Mobile, Alabama
  For reconstruction of the West Tunnel Plaza Interchange on I-10 from
  Virginia Street to Mobile River Tunnel, Mobile, Alabama               15.0
  31.                                        Pennsylvania
  To widen U.S. Rt. 202 from King of Prussia to Montgomeryville, Pennsylvania
  8.9
  32.                                    Galina, Illinois
  To conduct environmental, preliminary engineering and design studies to
  widen a 47 mile stretch of U.S. 20 to 4 lanes                2.0
  33.                            Areneck County, Michigan
  To improve a 12-mile stretch of U.S. 23 between Rt. 13 and Rt. 65,
  Michigan                4.7
  34.     Brooks, Jim Wells, and Live Oak Counties, Texas
  To improve, upgrade and widen U.S. 281 to the Mexican Border
  27.6
  35.                                             Alabama
  To construct a 4-lane access controlled highway to bypass Montgomery,
  Alabama and connect I-65 and I-85               11.8
  36.                                        North Dakota
  To design computerized system to inventory and manage off system bridge
  repairs or replacement statewide; begin repair activities                8.9
  37.                             Los Angeles, California
  For preliminary work on a project to enhance the capacity of I-5 in Los
  Angeles and Orange County from the downtown area to the State Rt. 91
  interchange in Buena Park                6.7
  38.                                    Mendon, Illinois
  To construct 14.8 miles of Highway 336 from Illinois Rt. 61 near Mendon,
  Illinois to West Point Road                5.0
  39.                                  Bryden, Washington
  Construct 3 miles of new and improved highways connecting Clarkston,
  Washington with Lewiston, Idaho                3.9
  40.                                            Missouri
  To widen I-55 between Rt. M and Rt. 67 in Jefferson County, Missouri
  5.1
  41.                          Jefferson County, Missouri
  To upgrade 7.9 miles of Missouri Highway 21 in Jefferson County, Missouri
  5.1
  42.                                 St. Louis, Missouri
  To construct a 4-lane outer beltway connecting I-55 and I-44 in St. Louis
  and Jefferson County, Missouri                7.6
  43.                               Hillsborough, Florida
  Widen and enhance safety and drainage features of I-4 from Tampa to the
  Hillsborough County Line               24.5
  44.                                     Wichita, Kansas
  To construct a 6 lane access controlled highway and interchange at Oliver
  Street                6.6
  45.                                  Brigham City, Utah
  To construct an interchange on I-15 at Forest St. in Brigham City,
  Utah                3.6
  46.                                                Utah
  For the upgrading of U.S. 89 in Davis and Weber Counties, Utah
  3.0
  47.                              Grand Rapids, Michigan
  For construction of a bypass around Grand Rapids, Michigan connecting I-96
  and I-196                6.9
  48.                Suffolk County/Long Island, New York
  Avoid erecting costly areas through selective black topping through high
  noise road segments                2.0
  49.                            Suffolk County, New York
  Evaluate suitability of composting and recycling for use on Federal-aid
  highway medians and perimeters                0.4
  50.                           Springfield, South Dakota
  Plan, engineer and construct a bridge across the Missouri River to connect
  South Dakota Rt. 37 to Nebraska Highway 12                4.7
  51.                            Vermillion, South Dakota
  Engineer and construct bridge across the Missouri River in the vicinity
  of Vermillion, South Dakota                3.6
  52.                                        Pennsylvania
  Design, engineer and construct 2 exits off Interstate 81 at Wilkes-Barre
  and Mountaintop, Pennsylvania               16.7
  53.                                   Genesse, Michigan
  Widen and improve pavement in Mundy Township, from Baldwin Rd. to Cook Rd.
  0.16
  54.                                     Flint, Michigan
  Engineer, design and construct improved and widened 5-lane road
  0.5
  55.                                     Flint, Michigan
  Engineer, design and construct 1.02 miles of 5-lane roadway
  0.9
  56.                                     Flint, Michigan
  Right-of-way acquisition, relocation and construction of Bristol Road
  3.1
  57.                                       Salem, Oregon
  To construct the Salem Bypass around Salem, Oregon                6.0
  58.                       Montgomeryville, Pennsylvania
  To improve U.S. 202 from Montgomeryville to Doylestown, Pennsylvania
  10.8
  59.                       Amherst/Erie County, New York
  Widen 2 miles of Rt. 263 from 2 lanes to 4 lanes and rehabilitate a 4 mile
  stretch of Rt. 78                7.6
  60.                                               Idaho
  To improve the Bryden Canyon Rd. in Lewiston, Idaho                5.3
  61.                                  Mojave, California
  Widen and reconstruct bridge to CALTRANS height standards                1.8
  62.                                      Freemont, Iowa
  For construction of Iowa highway #2 from Sidney, Iowa to I-29 in Freemont
  County, Iowa                8.7
  63.                                Council Bluffs, Iowa
  For a variety of improvements to the Valley View Corridor in Council Bluffs,
  Iowa                1.0
  64.                                             Indiana
  Construct extension of Interstate 69 to link Evansville and Indianapolis,
  Indiana                3.8
  65.                                      Aberdeen, Ohio
  U.S. 62 Ohio River Bridge               15.5
  66.                              Jacksonville, Illinois
  U.S. 67 Jacksonville Bypass               15.8
  67.                               Snohomish, Washington
  Snohomish County, Washington HOV Lanes                6.5
  68.                         Portland/S. Portland, Maine
  Portland-S. Portland Bridge              134.5
  69.                                                Iowa
  Highway 63 Improvements, Waterloo to New Hampton, Iowa               15.1
  70.                                    Brook Park, Ohio
  Aerospace Technology Park Access Rd., Brook Park, Ohio               14.2
  71.                                          California
  Rt. 156 Hollister Bypass, San Benito, California                0.9
  72.                                Monterey, California
  Rt. 101, Prunedale, California                4.2
  73.                                          New Jersey
  Rt. 21 Viaduct, Newark, New Jersey, City of Newark's Project
  14.8
  74.                                          New Jersey
  Rt. 21 widening, Newark, New Jersey, City of Newark's Project
  13.9
  75.                                      North Carolina
  U.S. 64 widening in Chatham and Wake Counties, North Carolina
  5.3
  76.                                           Tennessee
  I-81/Industrial Park South Interchange, Sullivan County, Tennessee
  5.8
  77.                                           Tennessee
  Foothills Parkway: Pittman Center to Cosby, Tennessee               11.2
  78.                                                Ohio
  Kelly Avenue extension, Akron, Ohio                9.5
  79.                                 Exton, Pennsylvania
  Exton Bypass, Exton, Pennsylvania               26.8
  80.                                             Alabama
  Black Warrier River Bridge, Tuscaloosa County, Alabama                6.4
  81.                            Brooklyn Park, Minnesota
  Highway 610 crosstown project, Brooklyn Park, Minnesota               36.0
  82.                                          California
  I-880/Alvarado-Niles Road Interchange, Union City, California
  9.5
  83.                             Merrysville, Washington
  Interstate 5 Interchange improvement: 88th Street, Merrysville, Washington
  1.9
  84.                        Myrtle Beach, South Carolina
  Carolina Bays Parkway, Myrtle Beach, South Carolina                5.9
  85.                                         Mississippi
  U.S. 90 improvements including 6 lane bridge and approaches, Pascagoula,
  Mississippi                4.3
  86.                             Bakersfield, California
  Rt. 58 Improvements, Bakersfield, California                4.7
  87.                        Santa Fe Springs, California
  Norwalk Blvd. grade separation, Santa Fe Springs                4.7
  88.                                 Hoquiam, Washington
  Gray's Harbor Industrial Corridor Bridge, Hoquiam, Washington
  4.7
  89.                             Traverse City, Michigan
  Traverse City Bypass, Traverse City, Michigan                4.5
  90.                                              Nevada
  Lamoille Highway widening, Elko County, Nevada                2.4
  91.                                        Reno, Nevada
  U.S. 395 Extension, in vicinity of Reno, Nevada               14.8
  92.                                 Carson City, Nevada
  Carson City Bypass, Carson City, Nevada                7.6
  93.                                      Columbus, Ohio
  I-270 North outerbelt widening, Franklin County, Ohio               10.2
  94.                          St. Thomas, Virgin Islands
  Feasibility study of constructing a second road to the west end of the
  island                1.7
  95.                                            Illinois
  DeQuoin Highway Bridge                2.6
  96.                                            Illinois
  Tamarack Street Extension                0.6
  97.                                             Indiana
  East Chicago Marina Access Road                8.5
  98.                                District of Columbia
  Hybrid Fuel Cell                3.6
  99.                                                Ohio
  Rehabilitation of Bridge on U.S. 224 near State Route 616                1.0
 100.                                            Arkansas
 North Belt Freeway Project, Thornton, Arkansas                8.9
 101.                                    Ft. Worth, Texas
 I-35 Basswood Interchange, Ft. Worth, Texas               17.8
 102.                                            Illinois
 Illinois 17 road replacement, .2 miles west of Splear Road to Illinois 1:
 5.3 miles                1.8
 103.                                     Leroy, Illinois
 U.S. 150 road replacement, North of Hemlock Street to South of Gilmore
 Street in Leroy: 1.6 miles                1.0
 104.                               Ford County, Illinois
 U.S. 24 replacement, 1.1 miles east of Forrest to Ford County Line: 8.0
 miles                1.8
 105.                                            Illinois
 U.S. 24 road replacement: Crescent City to Illinois 1 in Watseka: 6.3
 miles                2.5
 106.                                  Emington, Illinois
 Emington Spur road replacement Illinois 47 to Emington: 2.9 miles Emington,
 Illinois               0.65
 107.                                            Illinois
 New Lenox Road Improvement                2.5
 108.                                            Illinois
 Shorewood Roadway Improvements                1.3
 109.                                            Illinois
 Bridge painting of various moveable bridges to prevent rusting, Chicago,
 Illinois                2.8
 110.                     Huntington County, Pennsylvania
 Jacobs Timber Bridge over Greater Trough Creek               0.35
 111.                                   Chicago, Illinois
 Landscaping, resurfacing, repair and replacement of curbs and gutters,
 bridge cleaning and repair of lights and redesigning and installation of
 new signs historic 28 mile Boulevard, Chicago, Illinois                5.4
 112.                                  Cadillac, Michigan
 Improvements to highway U.S. 131, north of Cadillac                4.2
 113.                       Durham County, North Carolina
 Accelerated construction of a four-lane divided freeway on Route 147
 38.3
 114.                   Corpus Christi to Angleton, Texas
 Construct new multi-lane freeway               41.7
 115.                                   Fort Worth, Texas
 Construction of an overpass and frontage road at the Fort Worth Hillwood/I-35
 interchange               12.7
 116.                         West Sacramento, California
 Construction of Industrial Boulevard Bridge over Sacramento River Barge
 Canal in West Sacramento, California                8.3
 117.                          Baltimore County, Maryland
 I-695 Improvements in Baltimore County, Maryland               23.9
 118.                             Hampton Roads, Virginia
 I-64 Crossing of Hampton Roads                5.9
 119.                              Calumet City, Illinois
 Reconstruction of 156th Street and 156th Place from Burkham Avenue to State
 line                1.3
 120.                        Frankfort Township, Illinois
 Improvements of streets in Frankfort Township                1.0
 121.                                  Matteson, Illinois
 I-57 Bridge Improvements                3.6
 122.                                            Illinois
 Road Improvement, U.S. 150/Ill. 1 from Belguim to South of Westville
 3.8
 123.                                            Illinois
 Road Improvement, U.S. 45 from Savoy to Tolono                5.6
 124.                                             Alabama
 Patton Island Bridge Project                4.7
 125.                    Borough of Paulsboro, New Jersey
 Construction of a new bridge to improve safety                2.7
 126.                                           Minnesota
 Completion of Cross-Range Expressway (Trunk Highway 169)               13.0
 127.                                 Hinckley, Minnesota
 Safety and capacity improvements to Trunk Highway 48 and relocation of
 County Road 134                2.0
 128.                                           Minnesota
 Trunk Highway 53, Twig to Trunk Highway 37                9.5
 129.                                           Minnesota
 Trunk Highway 169, Grand Rapids to High City                9.0
 130.                                           Minnesota
 Trunk Highway 61, Schroeder to Grand Marais               18.0
 131.                                           Wisconsin
 Improvements to Highway 41, Oshkosh to Green Bay               41.7
 132.                                           Wisconsin
 Improvements to Highway 29, Chippewa Falls to State Trunk Hwy. 73
 28.3
 133.                                           Minnesota
 Trunk Highway 37 and Hughes Rd                0.5
 134.                                        Pennsylvania
 Route 120 widening in vicinity of Lock Haven                4.0
 135.                                        Pennsylvania
 Replace U.S. 15 bridge across Tioga River                3.2
 136.                                        Pennsylvania
 Wysox Narrows Rd. (U.S. 6)                3.0
 137.                                   Chicago, Illinois
 Improvements on Kennedy Expressway, except that the allocation percentages
 under this section shall not apply to this project and, in lieu thereof,
 1/3 of the funds for such projects shall be available for obligation in
 each of fiscal years 1992, 1993, and 1994              175.0
 138.                                      South Carolina
 Southern Connector Highway improvements in Greenville County; Highway 17
 Bridge Replacement Projects over Cooper River, Charleston; Carolina Bays
 Parkway improvements, Myrtle Beach (funds to be equitably divided among
 these facilities)               11.0
 139.                                      South Carolina
 Rail Corridor Revitalization in Columbia, South Carolina                4.0
 140.                                        Rhode Island
 For design and construction of a stormdrain retrofit on I-95 and other
 highway runoff programs to protect Narragansett Bay               13.0
 141.                       South Kingstown, Rhode Island
 For historic renovation and development of an intermodal center at the
 Kingston Railroad Station                2.0
 142.                Lincoln and Cumberland, Rhode Island
 For historic rehabilitation of the Albion Bridge and Albion Trench Bridge
 2.0
 143.                               Newport, Rhode Island
 To develop the marine mode of the intermodal Gateway Transportation
 Center                6.0
 144.                               Bristol, Rhode Island
 For road improvements in Bristol, Rhode Island                2.0
 145.                                        Pennsylvania An applied technology
 demonstration in advanced technology demonstrations in advanced driver
 information systems, with a special emphasis on display instrumentation and
 information communications technology, to be carried out in cooperation
 with the Center for Advanced Design and Communication Arts Technology at
 the University of the Arts                2.0
 146.                                             Vermont
 Construction of a highway from U.S. 7, North of Bennington, Vermont southwest
 to NY 7 in Hoosick, NY               20.0
 147.                            Woonsocket, Rhode Island
 For construction of Route 99 Extension               1.96
 148.                            Woonsocket, Rhode Island
 For repaving streets in Woonsocket               1.40
 149.                            Woonsocket, Rhode Island
 For improvements to 3 bridges crossing the Blackstone River               0.35
 150.                              Cranston, Rhode Island
 For reconstruction and repaving of Park Avenue, Sockanossett Crossroads,
 Olney Arnold Road, South Comstock Parkway, Wildflower Drive, Aqueduct Road
 and Mapleton Street                5.7
 151.                                        Rhode Island
 For operating expenses of the Rhode Island Public Transit Authority
 18.0
 152.                                       New Hampshire
 To study corridor protection for New Hampshire Route 16                2.0
 153.                         North Conway, New Hampshire
 To provide congestion relief on U.S. 302 and New Hampshire Route
 16                6.3
 154.                                              Kansas
 To widen U.S. 81 7-15 miles Belleville to Concordia                7.0
 155.                                              Kansas
 To construct Hutchinson Bypass between U.S. 50 and K-96 Hutchinson,
 Kansas               24.4
 156.                                             Wyoming
 For reconstruction of county roads not on the State Highway System by the
 Wyoming State Department of Transportation               20.0
 157.                                            Virginia
 For the rehabilitation, renovation, reconstruction, resurfacing, safety
 improvements and modernization on the existing 1,069 mile Interstate system
 in Virginia to be distributed by the Commonwealth Transportation Board, to
 the maximum extent possible, on an equitable regional basis               63.5
 158.                                           Minnesota
 Hennepin County, Minnesota Bloomington Ferry Bridge/C.S.A.H. 18 Replacement
 Project Bloomington, MN               18.0
 159.                                           Minnesota
 Nicollet County, Minnesota C.S.A.H. 41 for roadway stabilization and rockfall
 control North Mankato, MN                3.0
 160.                                           Minnesota
 St. Cloud, Minnesota T.H. 15 bridge across Mississippi River and Interchange
 with T.H. 10               3.24
 161.                                           Minnesota
 Minnesota Safety Initiative Program ($2 million to demonstrate the safety
 benefits of retoreflective pavement markings and signs, especially for
 nighttime and older drivers; $1 million to demonstrate the safety and
 environmental benefits of elastomer modified asphalt in cold weather
 climates)                3.0
 162.                                  New York, New York
 Hell Gate Viaduct: upgrade, repair & paint               55.0
 163.                                  New York, New York
 Ferry Landing, Battery Park: Reconstruction of ferry landing within Battery
 Park                2.0
 164.                                  New York, New York
 Foley Square Plaza: Transportation improvements & construction activities
 for Foley Square Plaza development               5.25
 165.                                        New York, NY
 Franklin Delano Roosevelt Drive: To reconstruct & improve several sections
 of Franklin Delano Roosevelt Drive               10.0
 166.                                         Corning, NY
 Corning Bypass Improvements               11.0
 167.                         Nelson County, North Dakota
 Grading & surfacing: from U.S. Highway 2 at Michigan southerly to ND Highway
 15 at McVille; and of FAS 3220 from ND 1 to ND 32                8.5
 168.                       Stutsman County, North Dakota
 Surfacing from I-94 north & east through Spiritwood, then north to ND
 Highway 9                4.0
 169.                  Stelle/Griggs County, North Dakota
 Grading & surfacing of FAS 4612 & FAS 2012 from ND 32 to ND 45
 2.9
 170.                    Grand Forks County, North Dakota
 Surfacing of FAS 1822 from FAS 1833 to I-29, & FAS 1812 from FAS 1833 to
 I-29, & FAS 1833 from FAS 1824 to ND 15                2.6
 171.                       Richland County, North Dakota
 Grading & surfacing from Wahpeton to the Froedtert Malting Plant
 0.6
 172.                   Ward/McHenry County, North Dakota
 Grading & surfacing FAS 5158 & FAS 2546 from U.S. 83 to ND 41.
 4.5
 173.                      Bottineau County, North Dakota
 Grading & surfacing from Bottineau to ND Highway 43                2.4
 174.                       McKenzie County, North Dakota
 Grading & surfacing of FAS 2750 from U.S. 85 west 12 miles                2.3
 175.                          Wells County, North Dakota
 Grading & surfacing of FAS 5215 from FAS 5208 north to the county line, &
 from U.S. 52, one mile west of Manfred, north to FAS 5208                2.5
 176.                         Traill County, North Dakota
 Grading & surfacing of FAS 4916 from ND 200 east to the Red River
 2.8
 177.                           Eddy County, North Dakota
 Grading & surfacing of: FAS 1404 from U.S. 281 east 10.5 miles & from
 ND 20 west 5.5 miles; & of FAS 1427 from ND 20 south about 8 miles
 2.5
 178.                  Renville/Ward County, North Dakota
 Grading & surfacing, starting at FAS 3809 on the Ward County line south 4
 miles & then east 2 miles                0.9
 179.                         Morton County, North Dakota
 Grading & surfacing of FAS 3020 from ND 49 southeasterly to FAS 3033
 3.1
 180.                          Walsh County, North Dakota
 Surfacing of FAS 5017 from Lankin south to the Nelson County line & FAS
 5022 from Fordville east to ND 18                2.5
 181.                         Dickey County, North Dakota
 Grading & surfacing of FAS 1112 from U.S. 281 east to FAS 1127, FAS
 1111 from ND 11 south to FAS 1124, & FAS 1137 from ND 11 north to Guelph
 4.0
 182.                          Burke County, North Dakota
 Grading & surfacing of FAS 0717 from Lignite south to ND 50                4.4
 183.                         Morton County, North Dakota
 For a bypass from ND 1806 around the westside of Fort Lincoln State
 Park                3.2
 184.                        Rolette County, North Dakota
 Grading & surfacing from U.S. 281 around the access loop road in the
 Int'l. Peace Gardens                1.9
 185.                         Oliver County, North Dakota
 Grading & surfacing of FAS 3331 from ND 200A at Hensler southerly to ND 25,
 & FAS 3304 from FAS 3331 east to FAS 3339                2.9
 186.                       Williams County, North Dakota
 Grading & surfacing at County Rd. 5 from U.S. 2 southerly to ND 1804
 2.5
 187.                                      Plummer, Idaho
 Reconstruct a total of 2.9 miles of SH-5 (FAP-14) beginning at M.P. 0.5
 in the City of Plummer in Benewah County to M.P. 1.1, and two additional
 segments located on Peedee Hill from approximately M.P. 3.6 to M.P. 4.9
 and M.P. 5.7 to M.P. 6.7                3.6
 188.                                 Lemhi County, Idaho
 Reconstruct an 8.3 mile section of U.S. 93 (FAP-35) in Lemhi County at the
 Idaho/Montana border. 23 U.S.C. 120(a) shall be applicable to the Federal
 share payable of the cost of such project               25.6
 189.                                   St. Maries, Idaho
 Rehabilitate existing pavement structure for a total of 14.2 miles of
 Idaho Forest Highway 50, the St. Joe River Road between St. Maries and the
 Benewah/Shoshone County Line                3.4
 190.                                     Lewiston, Idaho
 Construct a new road for a total of 2.4 miles along FAU Route 7344,
 M.P. 0.0-2.4, in Bryden Canyon, Lewiston                3.9
 191.                             Bear Lake County, Idaho
 Reconstruct a 13.0 mile segment of U.S.-89 (FAP-53) between the communities
 of Montpelier and Geneva               18.5
 192.                                             Alabama
 Improvements to Anniston Eastern Bypass, in the vicinity of U.S. 431 and
 Alabama State Hwy. 21 north of Anniston to the Golden Springs interchange
 on I-20               11.0
 193.                                   Corning, New York
 Additional funding for Corning Bypass (Route 1), except any excess funds
 from the $13.4 million in total funding for this project shall be available
 for construction of two additional expressway lanes from Chautauqua Lake
 Bridge to Pennsylvania border on Route 17                2.4
 194.                                   Billings, Montana
 Construction of the Shilo I-90 Interchange               11.0
 195.                                   Missoula, Montana
 Construction of the Missoula Airport I-90 Interchange                7.0
 196.                                    Orlando, Florida
 Land & right-of-way acquisition & guideway construction for magnetic
 limitation project               97.5
 197.                                        Toledo, Ohio
 Design & initial construction of a new I-280 Maumee River crossing to
 replace the Craig Memorial Bridge               37.0
 198. New London-Groton/Bridgeport/New Haven, Connecticut
 Rehabilitate or replace: The Gold Star Bridge over the Thames River I-95
 between New London & Groton; the Bridge over the Yellow Mill Channel
 (Bridgeport); & the Tomlinson Bridge on Rte. 1 over the Quinnipiac River
 (New Haven)               62.0
 199.  Raleigh/Rocky Mount/Elizabeth City, North Carolina
 Design & Construction of interstate standard highway from Rocky Mount,
 NC to Elizabeth City, NC, & for the upgrading of I-64 from Raleigh, NC to
 Rocky Mount, NC, & Rte. 17 from Elizabeth City to Norfolk. A substantial
 portion of the funding should be used for the Rocky Mount to Elizabeth
 segment               30.0
 200.                                Binghamton, New York
 A study of the feasibility of rehabilitation of the South Washington Street
 Bridge in Binghamton, NY, to identify plans & specifications for repair
 if feasible.                0.5
 201.                                District of Columbia
 Advanced composite bridge deck demonstration at Catholic University
 0.2
 202.                                             Georgia
 For any highway improvement projects eligibile for funding under title 23,
 United States Code               27.0
 203.                                              Hawaii
 For any highway improvement projects eligibile for funding under title 23,
 United States Code                6.0
 204.                                            Oklahoma
 For any highway improvement projects eligibile for funding under title 23,
 United States Code               59.0
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
 (c) ALLOCATION PERCENTAGES- 8 percent of the amount allocated by subsection
 (b) for each project authorized by subsection (b) shall be available for
 obligation in fiscal year 1992. 18.4 percent of such amount shall be available
 for obligation in each of fiscal years 1993, 1994, 1995, 1996, and 1997.
 (d) FEDERAL SHARE- The Federal share payable on account of any project
 under this section shall be 80 percent of the cost thereof.
 (e) DELEGATION TO STATES- Subject to the provisions of title 23, United
 States Code, the Secretary shall delegate responsibility for construction
 of a project or projects under this section to the State in which such
 project or projects are located upon request of such State.
 (f) ADVANCE CONSTRUCTION- When a State which has been delegated responsibility
 for construction of a project under this section--
 (1) has obligated all funds allocated under this section for construction
 of such project; and
 (2) proceeds to construct such project without the aid of Federal funds
 in accordance with all procedures and all requirements applicable to such
 project, except insofar as such procedures and requirements limit the State
 to the construction of projects with the aid of Federal funds previously
 allocated to it;
the Secretary, upon the approval of the application of a State, shall pay
to the State the Federal share of the cost of construction of the project
when additional funds are allocated for such project under this section.
 (g) REPORTS- Not later than 1 year after completion of a project under
 this section, the State in which such project is located shall submit to
 the Secretary a report on the innovative techniques used in carrying out
 such project and on the results obtained through the use of such techniques.
 (h) APPLICABILITY OF TITLE 23- Funds authorized by this section shall be
 available for obligation in the same manner as if such funds were apportioned
 under chapter 1 of title 23, United States Code, except that the Federal
 share of the cost of any project under this section shall be determined in
 accordance with this section and such funds shall remain available until
 expended. Funds authorized by this section shall not be subject to any
 obligation limitation.
SEC. 1108. PRIORITY INTERMODAL PROJECTS.
 (a) PURPOSE- The purpose of this section is to provide for the construction
 of innovative intermodal transportation projects.
 (b) AUTHORIZATION OF PRIORITY PROJECTS- The Secretary is authorized to
 carry out the priority intermodal transportation projects described in
 this subsection. Subject to subsection (c), there is authorized to be
 appropriated out of the Highway Trust Fund (other than the Mass Transit
 Account) for fiscal years 1992 through 1997 to carry out each such project
 the amount listed for each such project:
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                             CITY/STATE
                                             INTERMODAL PROJECTS AMOUNT
                                             in millions
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  1.                             Long Beach, California
  Interchange at Terminal Island Freeway and Ocean Boulevard               11.8
  2.                 Wilmington/Los Angeles, California
  Widening of Anaheim Street Viaduct               11.8
  3.                 Wilmington/Los Angeles, California
  Grade Separation Project of Pacific Coast Highway near Alameda Suite
  11.8
  4.        Compton City/Los Angeles County, California
  Widening of Alameda Street and grade separation between Rt. 91 and Del
  Amo Boulevard               11.8
  5.                                       Pennsylvania
  Upgrading U.S. Highway 30 from Ohio Border to Pittsburgh International
  Airport                3.2
  6.                         Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
  Reconstruction of the Old Delaware Avenue Service Road                2.4
  7.                                  Ardmore, Oklahoma
  Study of upgraded State Route 53 off U.S. 35 leading to improved Ardmore
  Airport                2.5
  8.                                  Detroit, Michigan           To
  relocate Van Dyke Street and construct a road depression under the runway
  at McNichols Road at the Detroit City Airport ($1,000,000 of the Federal
  funds shall be for the relocation of Van Dyke Street)                4.3
  9.                  E. Haven/Wallingford, Connecticut
  Improvement of highway and transit projects in East Haven/Wallingford,
  Connecticut ($8.8 million for East Haven Route 80, $2.4 million
  for Wallingford I-91, and $0.7 million for Wallingford Oakdale)
  10.1
 10.                                St. Louis, Missouri
 Rehabilitation of Eads Bridge, St. Louis, Missouri                8.9
 11.                                   Atlanta, Georgia
 Study of 5-Points Intermodal Terminal-Atlanta, Georgia                2.4
 12.                                  Buffalo, New York
 Construction of Buffalo River/Gateway Tunnel Project               20.2
 13.                                Northern California
 Purchase right-of-way and develop a transportation corridor in existing rail
 right-of-way from Larkspur to Korbel, and Novato to Lombard               15.1
 14.                                   Portland, Oregon
 To widen 2.7 miles of U.S. 26 from the Zoo interchange to the Sylvan
 Interchange to accommodate highway lanes and light rail alignment
 14.2
 15.                            Los Angeles, California                  For
 construction of a multi-modal transit parkway that includes both highway
 and transit improvements on Santa Monica Blvd. from the San Diego Freeway
 to Hollywood Freeway, Los Angeles, California                8.9
 16.                              Jacksonville, Florida
 Construct new I-295 Interchange and arterial access road to link
 Jacksonville's seaport, airport terminals and the interstate
 7.1
 17.                                  Las Vegas, Nevada
 Conduct environmental studies and preliminary engineering for the western
 and northern portions of the project linking McCarran International Airport
 with I-15                3.8
 18.                                Ontario, California
 To complete construction of access roads to Ontario International Airport,
 Ontario, California                4.7
 19.                     Allegheny County, Pennsylvania                     For
 an expansion of the existing Martin Luther King, Jr. Busway in the vicinity of
 Allegheny County, Pennsylvania to serve the Greater Pittsburgh International
 Airport and adjoining communities               21.7
 20.                          Pierce County, Washington
 Conduct feasibility study and analyze expanding Tacoma Narrows Bridge
 and other transportation alternatives between State Rd. 16 and I-5
 0.7
 21.                               San Jose, California
 Upgrade Rt. 87 from 4 to 6 lanes including 2 HOV Lanes, a new freeway
 interchange and local circulation system for San Jose International
 Airport               14.8
 22.                                     American Samoa
 Rehabilitate 8 miles of Tau Road from Falessao to Fatuita American Samoa
 1.1
 23.                      Manu'a Island, American Samoa
 Rehabilitate and otherwise improve 8 miles of roadway from Ofu to Olosfaga
 and Slie                1.2
 24.                                Spokane, Washington
 Conduct feasibility study of future transportation needs of Southeastern,
 Washington                0.8
 25.                                  Detroit, Michigan
 To provide for construction of an access road to Detroit Metropolitan
 Airport including access on the southern end of the airport in order to
 provide a link to I-275               33.8
 26.                           Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
 For design and construction of an exclusive busway linking Pittsburgh and
 the Pittsburgh Airport                9.8
 27.                                St. Louis, Missouri
 To construct a multi-modal transportation facility in St. Louis, Missouri
 5.9
 28.                        Orange & Rockland, New York
 To construct park and ride facilities and establish innovative traffic
 management system measures to promote efficient transportation usage
 4.7
 29.                         Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
 To improve mobility for a variety of traffic flow projects in the
 vicinity of the Pennsylvania Convention Center, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
 9.5
 30.                                 Oxnard, California
 To extend Rice Rd., widen Hueneme Rd. and construct Rt. 1/Rice
 Rd. interchange in order to improve access to Port Hueneme, Oxnard,
 California                8.9
 31.                            Los Angeles, California
 To improve ground access from Sepulveda Blvd. to Los Angeles, California
 8.95
 32.                               Mt. Vernon, New York
 To construct an intermodal facility at the Mt. Vernon Rail Station,
 Mt. Vernon, New York                7.1
 33.                            Orange County, New York
 I-87/I-84 Stuart Airport Interchange Project               15.7
 34.                                        Mississippi
 I-20 Interchange at Pirate                3.4
 35.                               Jackson, Mississippi
 Jackson Airport Connectors                3.1
 36.                               Palmdale, California
 Avenue P8 Improvements                3.6
 37.                                 Lafayette, Indiana
 Lafayette Railroad Relocation Project               24.3
 38.                                        Provo, Utah
 South Access Rd. to Provo Municipal Airport                1.0
 39.                                       Pennsylvania
 Eastside Connector Project/Port of Erie Access, Erie County, Pennsylvania
 7.5
 40.                             Minneapolis, Minnesota
 Intermodal Urban connection project, Minneapolis, Minnesota               19.9
 41.                              Kansas City, Missouri
 Bruce Watkins Roadway Improvements                1.4
 42.                                           Missouri
 Smith Riverfront Expressway, Jackson/Kansas City, Missouri               12.7
 43.                                   Portland, Oregon
 Columbia Slough Intermodal Expansion Bridge, Portland, Oregon
 2.1
 44.                                   Ft. Worth, Texas
 Ft. Worth Intermodal Center               13.4
 45.                                      Gary, Indiana
 Extension of U.S. Highway 12/20 to Lake Michigan                2.2
 46.            Carson/Los Angeles Counties, California
 Grade Separation Project at Sepulveda Boulevard and Alameda Street
 9.5
 47. Williamson, Travis, Caldwell, and Guadalupe, Texas Feasibility studies
 (including the effect of closing Bergstrom AFB on traffic corridor), Route
 studies, preliminary engineering, and right-of-way acquisition for Alternate
 Route to relieve I-H35 traffic congestion                5.2
 48.                                   Augusta, Georgia
 Railroad relocation demonstration project, overpass at 15th Street and
 Greene Street                5.9
 49.                                          Louisiana
 Saint Bernard Intermodal Facility Engineering, Design, and Construction
 10.2
 50.                                           Illinois
 Interstate 255 Interchange                3.4
 51.                             Long Beach, California
 Long Beach Airport Access                8.5
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
 (c) ALLOCATION PERCENTAGES- 8 percent of the amount allocated by subsection
 (b) for each project authorized by subsection (b) shall be available for
 obligation in fiscal year 1992. 18.4 percent of such amount shall be available
 for obligation in each of fiscal years 1993, 1994, 1995, 1996, and 1997.
 (d) FEDERAL SHARE- The Federal share payable on account of any project
 under this section shall be 80 percent of the cost thereof.
 (e) DELEGATION TO STATES- Subject to the provisions of title 23, United
 States Code, the Secretary shall delegate responsibility for construction
 of a project or projects under this section to the State in which such
 project or projects are located upon request of such State.
 (f) ADVANCE CONSTRUCTION- When a State which has been delegated responsibility
 for construction of a project under this section--
 (1) has obligated all funds allocated under this section for construction
 of such project; and
 (2) proceeds to construct such project without the aid of Federal funds
 in accordance with all procedures and all requirements applicable to such
 project, except insofar as such procedures and requirements limit the State
 to the construction of projects with the aid of Federal funds previously
 allocated to it;
the Secretary, upon the approval of the application of a State, shall pay
to the State the Federal share of the cost of construction of the project
when additional funds are allocated for such project under this section.
 (g) APPLICABILITY OF TITLE 23- Funds authorized by this section shall be
 available for obligation in the same manner as if such funds were apportioned
 under chapter 1 of title 23, United States Code, except that the Federal
 share of the cost of any project under this section shall be determined in
 accordance with this section and such funds shall remain available until
 expended. Funds authorized by this section shall not be subject to any
 obligation limitation.
 (h) HIGHWAY AND MASS TRANSIT PROJECTS- Each project authorized by this
 section or by any other section of this Act is a highway or an urban mass
 transportation project.
SEC. 1109. INFRASTRUCTURE AWARENESS PROGRAM.
 (a) IN GENERAL- For the purpose of creating an awareness by the public and
 State and local governments of the state of the Nation's infrastructure and
 to encourage and stimulate efforts by the public and such governments to
 undertake studies and projects to improve the infrastructure, the Secretary
 is authorized to fund the production of a documentary in cooperation with
 a not-for-profit national public television station.
 (b) FUNDING- There is authorized to be appropriated to the Secretary to carry
 out this section $2,000,000 for fiscal years beginning after September 30,
 1991, out of the Highway Trust Fund (other than the Mass Transit Account),
 which shall remain available until expended. All of the provisions of chapter
 1 of title 23, United States Code, shall apply to the funds provided under
 this section. This section shall not be subject to any obligation limitation.
PART B--NATIONAL RECREATIONAL TRAILS FUND ACT
SEC. 1301. SHORT TITLE.
 This part may be cited as the `Symms National Recreational Trails Act
 of 1991'.
SEC. 1302. NATIONAL RECREATIONAL TRAILS FUNDING PROGRAM.
 (a) IN GENERAL- The Secretary, in consultation with the Secretary of the
 Interior, using amounts available in the Fund, shall administer a program
 allocating moneys to the States for the purposes of providing and maintaining
 recreational trails.
 (b) STATEMENT OF INTENT- Moneys made available under this part are to be used
 on trails and trail-related projects which have been planned and developed
 under the otherwise existing laws, policies and administrative procedures
 within each State, and which are identified in, or which further a specific
 goal of, a trail plan included or referenced in a Statewide Comprehensive
 Outdoor Recreation Plan required by the Land and Water Conservation Fund Act.
 (c) State Eligibility-
 (1) TRANSITIONAL PROVISION- Until the date that is 3 years after the date of
 enactment of this part, a State shall be eligible to receive moneys under
 this Act only if such State's application proposes to use the moneys as
 provided in subsection (e).
 (2) PERMANENT PROVISION- On and after the date that is three years after
 the date of the enactment of this Act, a State shall be eligible to receive
 moneys under this part only if--
 (A) a recreational trail advisory board on which both motorized and
 nonmotorized recreational trail users are represented exists within the State;
 (B) in the case of a State that imposes a tax on nonhighway recreational
 fuel, the State by law reserves a reasonable estimation of the revenues
 from that tax for use in providing and maintaining recreational trails;
 (C) the Governor of the State has designated the State official or officials
 who will be responsible for administering moneys received under this Act; and
 (D) the State's application proposes to use moneys received under this part
 as provided in subsection (e).
 (d) Allocation of Moneys in the Fund-
 (1) ADMINISTRATIVE COSTS- No more than 3 percent of the expenditures made
 annually from the Fund may be used to pay the cost to the Secretary for--
 (A) approving applications of States for moneys under this part;
 (B) paying expenses of the National Recreational Trails Advisory Committee;
 (C) conducting national surveys of nonhighway recreational fuel consumption
 by State, for use in making determinations and estimations pursuant to this
 part; and
 (D) if any such funds remain unexpended, research on methods to accommodate
 multiple trail uses and increase the compatibility of those uses, information
 dissemination, technical assistance, and preparation of a national trail
 plan  as required by the National Trails System Act (16 U.S.C. 1241 et al).
 (2) Allocation to states-
 (A) AMOUNT- Amounts in the Fund remaining after payment of the administrative
 costs described in paragraph (1), shall be allocated and paid to the States
 annually in the following proportions:
 (i) EQUAL AMOUNTS- 50 percent of such amounts shall be allocated equally
 among eligible States.
 (ii) AMOUNTS PROPORTIONATE TO NONHIGHWAY RECREATIONAL FUEL USE- 50 percent
 of such amounts shall be allocated among eligible States in proportion to
 the amount of nonhighway recreational fuel use during the preceding year
 in each such State, respectively.
 (B) USE OF DATA- In determining amounts of nonhighway recreational fuel
 use for the purpose of subparagraph (A)(ii), the Secretary may consider
 data on off-highway vehicle registrations in each State.
 (3) LIMITATION ON OBLIGATIONS- The provisions of paragraphs (1) and (2)
 notwithstanding, the total of all obligations for recreational trails under
 this section shall not exceed--
 (A) $30,000,000 for fiscal year 1992;
 (B) $30,000,000 for fiscal year 1993;
 (C) $30,000,000 for fiscal year 1994;
 (D) $30,000,000 for fiscal year 1995;
 (E) $30,000,000 for fiscal year 1996; and
 (F) $30,000,000 for fiscal year 1997.
 (e) USE OF ALLOCATED MONEYS-
 (1) PERMISSIBLE USES- A State may use moneys received under this part for--
 (A) in an amount not exceeding 7 percent of the amount of moneys received
 by the State, administrative costs of the State;
 (B) in an amount not exceeding 5 percent of the amount of moneys received
 by the State, operation of environmental protection and safety education
 programs relating to the use of recreational trails;
 (C) development of urban trail linkages near homes and workplaces;
 (D) maintenance of existing recreational trails, including the grooming
 and maintenance of trails across snow;
 (E) restoration of areas damaged by usage of recreational trails and back
 country terrain;
 (F) development of trail-side and trail-head facilities that meet goals
 identified by the National Recreational Trails Advisory Committee;
 (G) provision of features which facilitate the access and use of trails by
 persons with disabilities;
 (H) acquisition of easements for trails, or for trail corridors identified
 in a State trail plan;
 (I) acquisition of fee simple title to property from a willing seller, when
 the objective of the acquisition cannot be accomplished by acquisition of
 an easement or by other means;
 (J) construction of new trails on State, county, municipal, or private lands,
 where a recreational need for such construction is shown; and
 (K) only as otherwise permissible, and where necessary and required by a State
 Comprehensive Outdoor Recreation plan, construction of new trails crossing
 Federal lands, where such construction is approved by the administering agency
 of the State, and the Federal agency or agencies charged with management of
 all impacted lands, such approval to be contingent upon compliance by the
 Federal agency with all applicable laws, including the National Environmental
 Policy Act (42 U.S.C. 4321 et seq.), the Forest and Rangeland Renewable
 Resources Planning Act of 1974, as amended (16 U.S.C. 1600 et seq.), and
 the Federal Land Policy and Management Act (43 U.S.C. 1701 et seq.).
 (2) USE NOT PERMITTED- A State may not use moneys received under this
 part for--
 (A) condemnation of any kind of interest in property;
 (B)(i) construction of any recreational trail on National Forest System
 lands for motorized uses unless such lands--
 (I) have been allocated for uses other than wilderness by an approved Forest
 land and resource management plan or have been released to uses other than
 wilderness by an Act of Congress, and
 (II) such construction is otherwise consistent with the management direction
 in such approved land and resource management plan; or
 (ii) construction of any recreational trail on Bureau of Land Management
 lands for motorized uses unless such lands--
 (I) have been allocated for uses other than wilderness by an approved Bureau
 of Land Management resource management plan or have been released to uses
 other than wilderness by an Act of Congress, and
 (II) such construction is otherwise consistent with the management direction
 in such approved management plans; or
 (C) upgrading, expanding, or otherwise facilitating motorized use or access
 to trails predominantly used by non-motorized trail users and on which,
 as of May 1, 1991, motorized use is either prohibited or has not occurred.
 (3) Grants-
 (A) IN GENERAL- A State may provide moneys received under this part to make
 grants to private individuals, organizations, city and county governments, and
 other government entities as approved by the State after considering guidance
 from the recreational trail advisory board satisfying the requirements of
 subsection (c)(2)(A), for uses consistent with this section.
 (B) COMPLIANCE- A State that issues such grants under subparagraph (A)
 shall establish measures to verify that recipients comply with the specified
 conditions for the use of grant moneys.
 (4) ASSURED ACCESS TO FUNDS- Except as provided under paragraphs (6) and
 (8)(B), not less than 30 percent of the moneys received annually by a State
 under this part shall be reserved for uses relating to motorized recreation,
 and not less than 30 percent of those moneys shall be reserved for uses
 relating to non-motorized recreation.
 (5) DIVERSIFIED TRAIL USE-
 (A) REQUIREMENT- To the extent practicable and consistent with other
 requirements of this section, a State shall expend moneys received under
 this part in a manner that gives preference to project proposals which--
 (i) provide for the greatest number of compatible recreational purposes
 including, but not limited to, those described under the definition of
 `recreational trail' in subsection (g)(5); or
 (ii) provide for innovative recreational trail corridor sharing to accommodate
 motorized and non-motorized recreational trail use.
This paragraph shall remain effective until such time as a State has
allocated not less than 40 percent of moneys received under this part in
the aforementioned manner.
 (B) COMPLIANCE- The State shall receive guidance for determining compliance
 with subparagraph (A) from the recreational trail advisory board satisfying
 the requirements of subsection (c)(2)(A).
 (6) SMALL STATE EXCLUSION- Any State with a total land area of less than
 3,500,000 acres, and in which nonhighway recreational fuel use accounts
 for less than 1 percent of all such fuel use in the United States, shall
 be exempted from the requirements of paragraph (4) of this subsection upon
 application to the Secretary by the State demonstrating that it meets the
 conditions of this paragraph.
 (7) CONTINUING RECREATIONAL USE- At the option of each State, moneys
 made available pursuant to this part may be treated as Land and Water
 Conservation Fund moneys for the purposes of section 6(f)(3) of the Land
 and Water Conservation Fund Act.
 (8) RETURN OF MONEYS NOT EXPENDED-
 (A) Except as provided in subparagraph (B), moneys paid to a State that are
 not expended or dedicated to a specific project within 4 years after receipt
 for the purposes stated in this subsection shall be returned to the Fund and
 shall thereafter be reallocated under the formula stated in subsection (d).
 (B) If approved by the State recreational trail advisory board satisfying the
 requirements of subsection (c)(2)(A), may be exempted from the requirements
 of paragraph (4) and expended or committed to projects for purposes otherwise
 stated in this subsection for a period not to extend beyond 4 years after
 receipt, after which any remaining moneys not expended or dedicated shall be
 returned to the Fund and shall thereafter be reallocated under the formula
 stated in subsection (d).
 (f) Coordination of Activities-
 (1) COOPERATION BY FEDERAL AGENCIES- Each agency of the United States
 Government that manages land on which a State proposes to construct or
 maintain a recreation trail pursuant to this part is encouraged to cooperate
 with the State and the Secretary in planning and carrying out the activities
 described in subsection (e). Nothing in this part diminishes or in any way
 alters the land management responsibilities, plans and policies established
 by such agencies pursuant to other applicable laws.
 (2) Cooperation by private persons-
 (A) WRITTEN ASSURANCES- As a condition to making available moneys for work
 on recreational trails that would affect privately owned land, a State shall
 obtain written assurances that the owner of the property will cooperate
 with the State and participate as necessary in the activities to be conducted.
 (B) PUBLIC ACCESS- Any use of a State's allocated moneys on private lands must
 be accompanied by an easement or other legally binding agreement that ensures
 public access to the recreational trail improvements funded by those moneys.
 (g) DEFINITIONS- For the purposes of this section--
 (1) ELIGIBLE STATE- The term `eligible State' means a State that meets the
 requirements stated in subsection (c).
 (2) FUND- The term `Fund' means the National Recreational Trails Trust Fund
 established by section 9511 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986.
 (3) NONHIGHWAY RECREATIONAL FUEL- The term `nonhighway recreational fuel' has
 the meaning stated in section 9503(c)(6) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986.
 (4) SECRETARY- The term `Secretary' means the Secretary of Transportation.
 (5) RECREATIONAL TRAIL- The term `recreational trail' means a thoroughfare or
 track across land or snow, used for recreational purposes such as bicycling,
 cross-country skiing, day hiking, equestrian activities, jogging or similar
 fitness activities, trail biking, overnight and long-distance backpacking,
 snowmobiling, aquatic or water activity and vehicular travel by motorcycle,
 four-wheel drive or all-terrain off-road vehicles, without regard to
 whether it is a `National Recreation Trail' designated under section 4 of
 the National Trails System Act (16 U.S.C. 1243).
 (6) MOTORIZED RECREATION- The term `motorized recreation' may not
 include motorized conveyances used by persons with disabilities, such as
 self-propelled wheelchairs, at the discretion of each State.
SEC. 1303. NATIONAL RECREATIONAL TRAILS ADVISORY COMMITTEE.
 (a) ESTABLISHMENT- There is established the National Recreational Trails
 Advisory Committee.
 (b) MEMBERS- There shall be 11 members of the advisory committee, consisting
 of--
 (1) 8 members appointed by the Secretary from nominations submitted by
 recreational trail user organizations, one each representing the following
 recreational trail uses:
 (A) hiking,
 (B) cross-country skiing,
 (C) off-highway motorcycling,
 (D) snowmobiling,
 (E) horseback riding,
 (F) all-terrain vehicle riding,
 (G) bicycling, and
 (H) four-wheel driving;
 (2) an appropriate official of government with a background in science
 or natural resources management, including any official of State or local
 government, designated by the Secretary;
 (3) 1 member appointed by the Secretary from nominations submitted by water
 trail user organizations; and
 (4) 1 member appointed by the Secretary from nominations submitted by
 hunting and fishing enthusiast organizations.
 (c) CHAIRMAN- The Chair of the advisory committee shall be the government
 official referenced in subsection (b)(2), who shall serve as a non-voting
 member.
 (d) SUPPORT FOR COMMITTEE ACTION- Any action, recommendation, or policy of
 the advisory committee must be supported by at least five of the members
 appointed under subsection (b)(1).
 (e) TERMS- Members of the advisory committee appointed by the Secretary shall
 be appointed for terms of three years, except that the members filling five of
 the eleven positions shall be initially appointed for terms of two years, with
 subsequent appointments to those positions extending for terms of three years.
 (f) DUTIES- The advisory committee shall meet at least twice annually to--
 (1) review utilization of allocated moneys by States;
 (2) establish and review criteria for trail-side and trail-head facilities
 that qualify for funding under this part; and
 (3) make recommendations to the Secretary for changes in Federal policy to
 advance the purposes of this part.
 (g) ANNUAL REPORT- The advisory committee shall present to the Secretary
 an annual report on its activities.
 (h) REIMBURSEMENT FOR EXPENSES- Nongovernmental members of the advisory
 committee shall serve without pay, but, to the extent funds are available
 pursuant to section 1302(d)(1)(B), shall be entitled to reimbursement for
 travel, subsistence, and other necessary expenses incurred in the performance
 of their duties.
 (i) REPORT TO CONGRESS- Not later than 4 years after the date of the enactment
 of this Act, the Secretary shall prepare and submit to the Committee on
 Environment and Public Works of the Senate, and the Committee on Public
 Works and Transportation of the House of Representatives, a study which
 summarizes the annual reports of the National Recreational Trails Advisory
 Committee, describes the allocation and utilization of moneys under this
 part, and contains recommendations for changes in Federal policy to advance
 the purposes of this part.
TITLE II--HIGHWAY SAFETY
PART A--HIGHWAY SAFETY GRANT PROGRAMS
SEC. 2001. SHORT TITLE.
 This part may be cited as the `Highway Safety Act of 1991'.
SEC. 2002. HIGHWAY SAFETY PROGRAMS.
 (a) UNIFORM GUIDELINES- Section 402(a) of title 23, United States Code, is
 amended by inserting after the third sentence the following: `In addition,
 such uniform guidelines shall include programs (1) to reduce injuries and
 deaths resulting from motor vehicles being driven in excess of posted
 speed limits, (2) to encourage the proper use of occupant protection
 devices (including the use of safety belts and child restraint systems) by
 occupants of motor vehicles and to increase public awareness of the benefit
 of motor vehicles equipped with airbags, (3) to reduce deaths and injuries
 resulting from persons driving motor vehicles while impaired by alcohol or
 a controlled substance, (4) to reduce deaths and injuries resulting from
 accidents involving motor vehicles and motorcycles, (5) to reduce injuries
 and deaths resulting from accidents involving school buses, and (6) to
 improve law enforcement services in motor vehicle accident prevention, traffic
 supervision, and post-accident procedures. If the Secretary does not designate
 as priority programs those programs described in the preceding sentence,
 the Secretary shall submit to Congress a report describing the reasons for
 not prioritizing such programs. The Secretary shall establish a highway
 safety program for the collection and reporting of data on traffic-related
 deaths and injuries by the States. Under such program, the States shall
 collect and report such data as the Secretary may require. The purposes of
 the program are to ensure national uniform data on such deaths and injuries
 and to allow the Secretary to make determinations for use in developing
 programs to reduce such deaths and injuries and making recommendations to
 Congress concerning legislation necessary to implement such programs. The
 program shall include information obtained by the Secretary under section
 4007 of the Intermodal Surface Transportation Efficiency Act of 1991 and
 provide for annual reports to the Secretary on the efforts being made by
 the States in reducing deaths and injuries occurring at highway construction
 sites and the effectiveness and results of such efforts. The Secretary shall
 establish minimum reporting criteria for the program. Such criteria shall
 include, but not be limited to, criteria on deaths and injuries resulting
 from police pursuits, school bus accidents, and speeding, on traffic-related
 deaths and injuries at highway construction sites and on the configuration
 of commercial motor vehicles involved in motor vehicle accidents.'.
 (b) ADMINISTRATIVE REQUIREMENTS AND USE OF TECHNOLOGY FOR TRAFFIC ENFORCEMENT-
 Section 402(b) of such title is amended by adding at the end the following
 new paragraphs:
 `(3) ADMINISTRATIVE REQUIREMENTS- The Secretary may not approve a State
 highway safety program under this section which does not--
 `(A) provide that the Governor of the State shall be responsible for the
 administration of the program through a State highway safety agency which
 shall have adequate powers and be suitably equipped and organized to carry
 out, to the satisfaction of the Secretary, such program;
 `(B) authorize political subdivisions of the State to carry out local highway
 safety programs within their jurisdictions as a part of the State highway
 safety program if such local highway safety programs are approved by the
 Governor and are in accordance with the minimum standards established by
 the Secretary under this section;
 `(C) except as provided in paragraph (5), provide that at least 40 percent
 of all Federal funds apportioned under this section to the State for any
 fiscal year will be expended by the political subdivisions of the State,
 including Indian tribal governments, in carrying out local highway safety
 programs authorized in accordance with subparagraph (B); and
 `(D) provide adequate and reasonable access for the safe and convenient
 movement of individuals with disabilities, including those in wheelchairs,
 across curbs constructed or replaced on or after July 1, 1976, at all
 pedestrian crosswalks throughout the State.
 `(4) WAIVER- The Secretary may waive the requirement of paragraph (3)(C),
 in whole or in part, for a fiscal year for any State whenever the Secretary
 determines that there is an insufficient number of local highway safety
 programs to justify the expenditure in the State of such percentage of
 Federal funds during the fiscal year.
 `(5) USE OF TECHNOLOGY FOR TRAFFIC ENFORCEMENT- The Secretary may encourage
 States to use technologically advanced traffic enforcement devices (including
 the use of automatic speed detection devices such as photo-radar) by law
 enforcement officers.'.
 (c) CONFORMING AMENDMENT- Section 402(d) of such title is amended by striking
 `Federal-aid primary' and inserting `National Highway System'.
SEC. 2003. HIGHWAY SAFETY RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT.
 (a) GENERAL AUTHORITY; DRUGS, AND DRIVER BEHAVIOR- Section 403 of title
 23, United States Code, is amended by striking subsections (a) and (b)
 and inserting the following new subsections:
 `(a) AUTHORITY OF THE SECRETARY-
 `(1) IN GENERAL- The Secretary is authorized to use funds appropriated
 to carry out this section to engage in research on all phases of highway
 safety and traffic conditions.
 `(2) ADDITIONAL AUTHORITY- In addition, the Secretary may use the funds
 appropriated to carry out this section, either independently or in cooperation
 with other Federal departments or agencies, for--
 `(A) training or education of highway safety personnel,
 `(B) research fellowships in highway safety,
 `(C) development of improved accident investigation procedures,
 `(D) emergency service plans,
 `(E) demonstration projects, and
 `(F) related research and development activities which the Secretary deems
 will promote the purposes of this section.
 `(3) SAFETY DEFINED- As used in this section, the term `safety' includes
 highway safety and highway safety-related research and development, including
 research and development relating to highway and driver characteristics, crash
 investigations, communications, emergency medical care, and transportation
 of the injured.
 `(b) DRUGS AND DRIVER BEHAVIOR- In addition to the research authorized by
 subsection (a), the Secretary, in consultation with other Government and
 private agencies as may be necessary, is authorized to carry out safety
 research on the following:
 `(1) The relationship between the consumption and use of drugs and their
 effect upon highway safety and drivers of motor vehicles.
 `(2) Driver behavior research, including the characteristics of driver
 performance, the relationships of mental and physical abilities or
 disabilities to the driving task, and the relationship of frequency of
 driver crash involvement to highway safety.'.
 (b) COLLABORATIVE RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT- Section 403 of such title is
 amended by striking subsection (f) and inserting the following new subsection:
 `(f) COLLABORATIVE RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT-
 `(1) IN GENERAL- For the purpose of encouraging innovative solutions to
 highway safety problems, stimulating voluntary improvements in highway safety,
 and stimulating the marketing of new highway safety-related technology by
 private industry, the Secretary is authorized to undertake, on a cost-shared
 basis, collaborative research and development with non-Federal entities,
 including State and local governments, colleges, and universities and
 corporations, partnerships, sole proprietorships, and trade associations that
 are incorporated or established under the laws of any State or the United
 States. This collaborative research may include crash data collection and
 analysis; driver and pedestrian behavior; and demonstrations of technology.
 `(2) COOPERATIVE AGREEMENTS- In carrying out this subsection, the Secretary
 may enter into cooperative research and development agreements, as defined
 in section 12 of the Stevenson-Wydler Technology Innovation Act of 1980 (15
 U.S.C. 3710a); except that in entering into such agreements, the Secretary
 may agree to provide not more than 50 percent of the cost of any research
 or development project selected by the Secretary under this subsection.
 `(3) PROJECT SELECTION- In selecting projects to be conducted under this
 subsection, the Secretary shall establish a procedure to consider the views
 of experts and the public concerning the project areas.
 `(4) APPLICABILITY OF STEVENSON-WYDLER TECHNOLOGY INNOVATION ACT- The
 research, development, or utilization of any technology pursuant to an
 agreement under the provisions of this subsection, including the terms
 under which technology may be licensed and the resulting royalties may be
 distributed, shall be subject to the provisions of the Stevenson-Wydler
 Technology Innovation Act of 1980.'.
 (c) CONFORMING AMENDMENT- Section 403(c) of such title is amended by striking
 `subsection (b)' and inserting `subsections (a) and (b)'.
SEC. 2004. ALCOHOL-IMPAIRED DRIVING COUNTERMEASURES.
 (a) IN GENERAL- Section 410 of title 23, United States Code, is amended to
 read as follows:
`Sec. 410. Alcohol-impaired driving countermeasures
 `(a) GENERAL AUTHORITY- Subject to the provisions of this section, the
 Secretary shall make grants to those States which adopt and implement
 effective programs to reduce traffic safety problems resulting from persons
 driving while under the influence of alcohol or a controlled substance. Such
 grants may only be used by recipient States to implement and enforce such
 programs.
 `(b) MAINTENANCE OF EFFORT- No grant may be made to a State under this
 section in any fiscal year unless such State enters into such agreements
 with the Secretary as the Secretary may require to ensure that such State
 will maintain its aggregate expenditures from all other sources for alcohol
 traffic safety programs at or above the average level of such expenditures
 in its 2 fiscal years preceding the date of the enactment of the Intermodal
 Surface Transportation Efficiency Act of 1991.
 `(c) BASIC GRANT ELIGIBILITY- A State is eligible for a basic grant under
 this section in a fiscal year only if such State provides for 4 or more of
 the following:
 `(1) Establishes an expedited driver's license suspension or revocation
 system for persons who operate motor vehicles while under the influence of
 alcohol which requires that--
 `(A) when a law enforcement officer has probable cause under State law to
 believe a person has committed an alcohol-related traffic offense and such
 person is determined, on the basis of a chemical test, to have been under
 the influence of alcohol while operating the motor vehicle or refuses to
 submit to such a test as proposed by the officer, the officer shall serve
 such person with a written notice of suspension or revocation of the driver's
 license of such person and take possession of such driver's license;
 `(B) the notice of suspension or revocation referred to in subparagraph
 (A) shall provide information on the administrative procedures under which
 the State may suspend or revoke in accordance with the objectives of this
 section a driver's license of a person for operating a motor vehicle while
 under the influence of alcohol and shall specify any rights of the operator
 under such procedures;
 `(C) the State shall provide, in the administrative procedures referred
 to in subparagraph (B), for due process of law, including the right to an
 administrative review of a driver's license suspension or revocation within
 the time period specified in subparagraph (F);
 `(D) after serving notice and taking possession of a driver's license in
 accordance with subparagraph (A), the law enforcement officer immediately
 shall report to the State entity responsible for administering drivers'
 licenses all information relevant to the action taken in accordance with
 this clause;
 `(E) in the case of a person who, in any 5-year period beginning after the
 date of enactment of this section, is determined on the basis of a chemical
 test to have been operating a motor vehicle under the influence of alcohol
 or is determined to have refused to submit to such a test as proposed by
 the law enforcement officer, the State entity responsible for administering
 drivers' licenses, upon receipt of the report of the law enforcement officer--
 `(i) shall suspend the driver's license of such person for a period of
 not less than 90 days if such person is a first offender in such 5-year
 period; and
 `(ii) shall suspend the driver's license of such person for a period of
 not less than 1 year, or revoke such license, if such person is a repeat
 offender in such 5-year period; and
 `(F) the suspension and revocation referred to under subparagraph (D)
 shall take effect not later than 30 days after the day on which the person
 first received notice of the suspension or revocation in accordance with
 subparagraph (B).
 `(2)(A) For each of the first three fiscal years in which a grant is received,
 any person with a blood alcohol concentration of 0.10 percent or greater when
 driving a motor vehicle shall be deemed to be driving while intoxicated; and
 `(B) For each of the last two fiscal years in which a grant is received,
 any person with a blood alcohol concentration of 0.08 percent or greater
 when driving a motor vehicle shall be deemed to be driving while intoxicated.
 `(3) A statewide program for stopping motor vehicles on a nondiscriminatory,
 lawful basis for the purpose of determining whether or not the operators
 of such motor vehicles are driving while under the influence of alcohol.
 `(4) A self-sustaining drunk driving prevention program under which a
 significant portion of the fines or surcharges collected from individuals
 apprehended and fined for operating a motor vehicle while under the influence
 of alcohol are returned, or an equivalent amount of non-Federal funds are
 provided, to those communities which have comprehensive programs for the
 prevention of such operations of motor vehicles.
 `(5) An effective system for preventing operators of motor vehicles under
 age 21 from obtaining alcoholic beverages. Such system may include the
 issuance of drivers' licenses to individuals under age 21 that are easily
 distinguishable in appearance from drivers' licenses issued to individuals
 age 21 years of age or older.
 `(d) AMOUNT OF BASIC GRANTS- The amount of a basic grant to be made in a
 fiscal year under this section to a State eligible to receive such grant
 shall be 65 percent of the amount of funds apportioned to such State in
 such fiscal year under this section.
 `(e) SUPPLEMENTAL GRANTS-
 `(1) BLOOD ALCOHOL CONCENTRATION FOR PERSONS UNDER AGE 21- A State shall be
 eligible to receive a supplemental grant in a fiscal year of 5 percent of
 the amount apportioned to the State in the fiscal year under this section
 if the State is eligible for a basic grant in the fiscal year and provides
 that any person under age 21 with a blood alcohol concentration of 0.02
 percent or greater when driving a motor vehicle shall be deemed to be
 driving while intoxicated.
 `(2) OPEN CONTAINER LAWS- A State shall be eligible to receive a supplemental
 grant in a fiscal year of 5 percent of the amount apportioned to the State
 in the fiscal year under this section if the State is eligible for a basic
 grant in the fiscal year and makes unlawful the possession of any open
 alcoholic beverage container, or the consumption of any alcoholic beverage,
 in the passenger area of any motor vehicle located on a public highway or
 the right-of-way of a public highway, except--
 `(A) as allowed in the passenger area, by persons (other than the driver), of
 any motor vehicle designed to transport more than 10 passengers (including the
 driver) while being used to provide charter transportation of passengers; or
 `(B) as otherwise specifically allowed by such State, with the approval
 of the Secretary, but in no event may the driver of such motor vehicle be
 allowed to possess or consume an alcoholic beverage in the passenger area.
 `(3) SUSPENSION OF REGISTRATION AND RETURN OF LICENSE PLATES- A State shall
 be eligible to receive a supplemental grant in a fiscal year of 5 percent of
 the amount apportioned to the State in the fiscal year under this section
 if the State is eligible for a basic grant in the fiscal year and provides
 for the suspension of the registration of, and the return to such State of
 the license plates for an individual who--
 `(A) has been convicted on more than 1 occasion of an alcohol-related
 traffic offense within any 5-year period beginning after the date of the
 enactment of the Intermodal Surface Transportation Efficiency Act of 1991; or
 `(B) has been convicted of driving while his or her driver's license is
 suspended or revoked by reason of a conviction for such an offense.
A State may provide limited exceptions to such suspension of registration
or return of license plates on an individual basis to avoid undue hardship
to any individual (including any family member of the convicted individual
and any co-owner of the motor vehicle) who is completely dependent on the
motor vehicle for the necessities of life. Such exceptions may not result
in unrestricted reinstatement of the registration of the motor vehicle,
unrestricted return of the license plates of the motor vehicle, or unrestricted
return of the motor vehicle.
 `(4) MANDATORY BLOOD ALCOHOL CONCENTRATION TESTING PROGRAMS- A State
 shall be eligible to receive a supplemental grant in a fiscal year of 5
 percent of the amount apportioned to the State in the fiscal year under
 this section if the State is eligible for a basic grant in the fiscal year
 and provides for mandatory blood alcohol concentration testing whenever a
 law enforcement officer has probable cause under State law to believe that
 a driver of a motor vehicle involved in an accident resulting in the loss
 of human life or, as determined by the Secretary, serious bodily injury,
 has committed an alcohol-related traffic offense.
 `(5) DRUGGED DRIVING PREVENTION- A State shall be eligible to receive a
 supplemental grant in a fiscal year of 5 percent of the amount apportioned
 to the State in the fiscal year under this section if the State is eligible
 for a basic grant in the fiscal year and--
 `(A) provides for laws concerning drugged driving under which--
 `(i) a person shall not drive or be in actual physical control of a motor
 vehicle while under the influence of alcohol, a controlled substance,
 a combination of controlled substances, or any combination of alcohol and
 controlled substances;
 `(ii) any person who operates a motor vehicle upon the highways of the
 State shall be deemed to have given consent to a test or tests of his or
 her blood, breath, or urine for the purpose of determining the blood alcohol
 concentration or the presence of controlled substances in his or her body; and
 `(iii) the driver's license of a person shall be suspended promptly, for a
 period of not less than 90 days in the case of a first offender and not less
 than 1 year in the case of any repeat offender, when a law enforcement officer
 has probable cause under State law to believe such person has committed a
 traffic offense relating to controlled substances use, and such person (I)
 is determined, on the basis of 1 or more chemical tests, to have been under
 the influence of controlled substances while operating a motor vehicle, or
 (II) refuses to submit to such a test as proposed by the officer;
 `(B) has in effect a law which provides that--
 `(i) any person convicted of a first violation of driving under the influence
 of controlled substances or alcohol, or both, shall receive--
 `(I) a mandatory license suspension for a period of not less than 90 days; and
 `(II) either an assignment of 100 hours of community service or a minimum
 sentence of imprisonment for 48 consecutive hours;
 `(ii) any person convicted of a second violation of driving under the
 influence of controlled substances or alcohol, or both, within 5 years after
 a conviction for the same offense shall receive a mandatory minimum sentence
 of imprisonment for 10 days and license revocation for not less than 1 year;
 `(iii) any person convicted of a third or subsequent violation of driving
 under the influence of controlled substances or alcohol, or both, within
 5 years after a prior conviction for the same offense shall--
 `(I) receive a mandatory minimum sentence of imprisonment for 120 days; and
 `(II) have his or her license revoked for not less than 3 years; and
 `(iv) any person convicted of driving with a suspended or revoked license
 or in violation of a restriction imposed as a result of a conviction for
 driving under the influence of controlled substances or alcohol, or both,
 shall receive a mandatory sentence of imprisonment for at least 30 days,
 and shall upon release from imprisonment receive an additional period of
 license suspension or revocation of not less than the period of suspension
 or revocation remaining in effect at the time of commission of the offense
 of driving with a suspended or revoked license;
 `(C) provides for an effective system, as determined by the Secretary, for--
 `(i) the detection of driving under the influence of controlled substances;
 `(ii) the administration of a chemical test or tests to any driver who a
 law enforcement officer has probable cause under State law to believe has
 committed a traffic offense relating to controlled substances use; and
 `(iii) in instances where such probable cause exists, the prosecution of
 (I) those persons who are determined, on the basis of 1 or more chemical
 tests, to have been operating a motor vehicle while under the influence of
 controlled substances and (II) those persons who refuse to submit to such
 a test as proposed by a law enforcement officer; and
 `(D) has in effect 2 of the following programs:
 `(i) An effective educational program, as determined by the Secretary,
 for the prevention of driving under the influence of controlled substances.
 `(ii) An effective program, as determined by the Secretary, for training
 law enforcement officers to detect driving under the influence of controlled
 substances.
 `(iii) An effective program, as determined by the Secretary, for the
 rehabilitation and treatment of those convicted of driving under the
 influence of controlled substances.
 `(6) BLOOD ALCOHOL CONCENTRATION LEVEL PERCENTAGE- A State shall be eligible
 to receive a supplemental grant in a fiscal year of 5 percent of the amount
 apportioned to the State in the fiscal year under this section if the State
 is eligible for a basic grant in the fiscal year and requires that any
 person with a blood alcohol concentration of .08 percent or greater when
 driving a motor vehicle shall be deemed to be driving while intoxicated in
 each of the first three fiscal years in which a basic grant is received.
 `(7) VIDEO EQUIPMENT FOR DETECTION OF DRUNK AND DRUGGED DRIVERS- A State
 shall be eligible to receive a supplemental grant in a fiscal year of 5
 percent of the amount apportioned to the State in the fiscal year under
 this section if the State is eligible for a basic grant in the fiscal year
 and provides a program to acquire video equipment to be used in detecting
 persons who operate motor vehicles while under the influence of alcohol
 or a controlled substance and in effectively prosecuting those persons,
 and to train personnel in the use of that equipment.
 `(f) ADMINISTRATIVE EXPENSES- Funds authorized to be appropriated to carry
 out this section shall be subject to a deduction not to exceed 5 percent
 for the necessary costs of administering the provisions of this section,
 and the remainder shall be apportioned among the several States.
 `(g) APPORTIONMENT OF FUNDS-
 `(1) FORMULA- After the deduction under subsection (f), the remainder of
 the funds authorized to be appropriated to carry out this section shall be
 apportioned 75 percent in the ratio which the population of each State bears
 to the total population of all the States, as shown by the latest available
 Federal census, and 25 percent in the ratio which the public road mileage
 in each State bears to the total public road mileage in all States.
 `(2) DETERMINATION OF PUBLIC ROAD MILEAGE- For the purposes of this
 subsection, the term `public road' means any road under the jurisdiction
 of and maintained by a public authority and open to public travel. Public
 road mileage as used in this subsection shall be determined as of the end of
 the calendar year preceding the year in which the funds are apportioned and
 shall be certified to by the Governor of the State and subject to approval
 by the Secretary.
 `(3) MINIMUM PERCENTAGE- The annual apportionment under this paragraph
 to each State shall not be less than one-half of 1 percent of the total
 apportionment; except that the apportionments to the Virgin Islands, Guam,
 American Samoa, and the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands shall
 not be less than one-quarter of 1 percent of the total apportionment.
 `(4) REAPPORTIONMENT OF NONELIGIBLE STATE FUNDS- If a State is not eligible
 for a basic grant or for a supplemental grant under this section in a fiscal
 year, the amount of funds apportioned to the State in the fiscal year to make
 such grant shall be reapportioned to the other States eligible to receive
 such a grant in the fiscal year in accordance with the formula specified
 in this subsection. The reapportionment shall be made on the first day of
 the succeeding fiscal year.
 `(h) APPLICABILITY OF CHAPTER 1-
 `(1) IN GENERAL- Except as otherwise provided in this subsection, all
 provisions of chapter 1 of this title that are applicable to National Highway
 System funds, other than provisions relating to the apportionment formula
 and provisions limiting the expenditure of such funds to the Federal-aid
 systems, shall apply to the funds authorized to be appropriated to carry
 out this section.
 `(2) INCONSISTENT PROVISIONS- If the Secretary determines that a provision
 of chapter 1 of this title is inconsistent with this section, such provision
 shall not apply to funds authorized to be appropriated to carry out this
 section.
 `(3) CREDIT FOR STATE AND LOCAL EXPENDITURES- The aggregate of all
 expenditures made during any fiscal year by a State and its political
 subdivisions (exclusive of Federal funds) for carrying out the State
 highway safety program (other than planning and administration) shall be
 available for the purpose of crediting such State during such fiscal year
 for the non-Federal share of the cost of any project under this section
 (other than one for planning or administration) without regard to whether
 such expenditures were actually made in connection with such project.
 `(4) INCREASED FEDERAL SHARE FOR CERTAIN INDIAN TRIBE PROGRAMS- In the
 case of a local highway safety program carried out by an Indian tribe, if
 the Secretary is satisfied that an Indian tribe does not have sufficient
 funds available to meet the non-Federal share of the cost of such program,
 the Secretary may increase the Federal share of the cost thereof payable
 under this title to the extent necessary.
 `(5) TREATMENT OF TERM `STATE HIGHWAY DEPARTMENT'- In applying provisions of
 chapter 1 in carrying out this section, the term `State highway department'
 as used in such provisions shall mean the Governor of a State and, in the
 case of an Indian tribe program, the Secretary of the Interior.
 `(i) DEFINITIONS- For the purposes of this section, the following definitions
 apply:
 `(1) ALCOHOLIC BEVERAGE- The term `alcoholic beverage' has the meaning such
 term has under section 158(c) of this title.
 `(2) CONTROLLED SUBSTANCES- The term `controlled substances' has the meaning
 such term has under section 102(6) of the Controlled Substances Act (21
 U.S.C. 802(6)).
 `(3) MOTOR VEHICLE- The term `motor vehicle' has the meaning such term has
 under section 154(b) of this title.
 `(4) OPEN ALCOHOLIC BEVERAGE CONTAINER- The term `open alcoholic beverage
 container' means any bottle, can, or other receptacle--
 `(A) which contains any amount of an alcoholic beverage; and
 `(B)(i) which is open or has a broken seal, or
 `(ii) the contents of which are partially removed.
 `(j) FUNDING FOR FISCAL YEARS 1993-1997- From sums made available to carry
 out section 402 of this title, the Secretary shall make available $25,000,000
 for each of fiscal years 1993 through 1997 to carry out this section.'.
 (b) STATES ELIGIBLE FOR GRANTS UNDER SECTION 410 BEFORE DATE OF ENACTMENT-
 A State which, before the date of the enactment of this Act, was eligible
 to receive a grant under section 410 of title 23, United States Code, as
 in effect on the day before such date of enactment, may elect to receive
 in a fiscal year grants under such section 410, as so in effect, in lieu
 of receiving in such fiscal year grants under such section 410, as amended
 by this Act.
 (c) CONFORMING AMENDMENT- The analysis for chapter 4 of such title is amended
 by striking the item relating to section 410 and inserting the following:
`410. Alcohol-impaired driving countermeasures.'.
SEC. 2005. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.
 For purposes of carrying out the provisions of title 23, United States Code,
 the following sums are authorized to be appropriated out of the Highway
 Trust Fund (other than the Mass Transit Account):
 (1) NHTSA HIGHWAY SAFETY PROGRAMS- For carrying out section 402 of title 23,
 United States Code, by the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration
 $126,000,000 for fiscal year 1992 and $171,000,000 for each of fiscal years
 1993, 1994, 1995, 1996, and 1997.
 (2) NHTSA HIGHWAY SAFETY RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT- For carrying out section
 403 by the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration $44,000,000 for
 each of the fiscal years 1992 through 1997.
 (3) ALCOHOL TRAFFIC SAFETY INCENTIVE GRANT PROGRAM- For carrying out section
 410 of such title $25,000,000 for fiscal year 1992.
SEC. 2006. DRUG RECOGNITION EXPERT TRAINING PROGRAM.
 (a) ESTABLISHMENT- The Secretary, acting through the National Highway Traffic
 Safety Administration, shall establish a regional program for implementation
 of drug recognition programs and for training law enforcement officers
 (including enforcement officials under the motor carrier safety assistance
 program) to recognize and identify individuals who are operating a motor
 vehicle while under the influence of alcohol or one or more controlled
 substances or other drugs.
 (b) ADVISORY COMMITTEE- The Secretary shall establish a citizens advisory
 committee that shall report to Congress annually on the progress of the
 implementation of subsection (a). Members of the committee shall include 1
 member of each of the following: Mothers Against Drunk Driving; a narcotics
 control organization; American Medical Association; American Bar Association;
 and such other organizations as the Secretary deems appropriate. The committee
 shall be subject to the provisions of the Advisory Committee Act and shall
 terminate 2 years after the date of the enactment of this Act.
 (c) AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS- There is authorized to be appropriated
 out of the Highway Trust Fund (other than the Mass Transit Account) to
 carry out this section $4,000,000 for each of fiscal years 1992 through 1997.
 (d) DEFINITION- For purposes of this section, the term `controlled substance'
 means any controlled substance, as defined under section 102(6) of the
 Controlled Substances Act (21 U.S.C. 802(6)), whose use the Secretary has
 determined poses a risk to transportation safety.
SEC. 2007. NATIONAL DRIVER REGISTER ACT AUTHORIZATIONS.
 Section 211(b) of the National Driver Register Act of 1982 (23 U.S.C. 401
 note) is amended--
 (1) by striking `and' the second place it appears; and
 (2) by inserting before the period at the end the following: `, and not to
 exceed $4,000,000 for fiscal year 1992. From sums made available to carry
 out section 402 of title 23, United States Code, the Secretary shall make
 available $4,000,000 for each of fiscal years 1993 and 1994 to carry out
 this section.'.
SEC. 2008. EFFECTIVE DATE; APPLICABILITY.
 Except as otherwise provided, this title, including the amendments made
 by this title, shall take effect on the date of the enactment of this Act,
 shall apply to funds authorized to be appropriated or made available after
 September 30, 1991, and shall not apply to funds appropriated or made
 available on or before such date of enactment.
SEC. 2009. OBLIGATION CEILINGS.
 (a) IN GENERAL- Sums authorized for fiscal year 1992 by sections 2005(1),
 2005(3), and 2006(c) of this Act and section 211(b) of the National Driver
 Register Act of 1982 shall be subject to the obligation limitation established
 by section 102 of this Act for fiscal year 1992.
 (b) OBLIGATION LIMITATION- If an obligation limitation is placed on sums
 authorized to be appropriated to carry out section 402 of title 23, United
 States Code, for fiscal year 1993 or subsequent fiscal years, any amounts
 made available out of such funds to carry out sections 2004 and 2006 of
 this Act and section 211(b) of the National Driver Register Act of 1982
 shall be reduced proportionally.
PART B--NHTSA AUTHORIZATIONS AND GENERAL PROVISIONS
SEC. 2500. SHORT TITLE.
 This part may be cited as the `National Highway Traffic Safety Administration
 Authorization Act of 1991'.
SEC. 2501. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.
 (a) TRAFFIC AND MOTOR VEHICLE SAFETY PROGRAM- For the National Highway
 Traffic Safety Administration to carry out the National Traffic and Motor
 Vehicle Safety Act of 1966 (15 U.S.C. 1381 et seq.), there are authorized to
 be appropriated $68,722,000 for fiscal year 1992, $71,333,436 for fiscal year
 1993, $74,044,106 for fiscal year 1994, and $76,857,782 for fiscal year 1995.
 (b) MOTOR VEHICLE INFORMATION AND COST SAVINGS PROGRAMS- For the National
 Highway Traffic Safety Administration to carry out the Motor Vehicle
 Information and Cost Savings Act (15 U.S.C. 1901 et seq.), there are
 authorized to be appropriated $6,485,000 for fiscal year 1992, $6,731,430
 for fiscal year 1993, $6,987,224 for fiscal year 1994, and $7,252,739 for
 fiscal year 1995.
SEC. 2502. GENERAL PROVISIONS.
 (a) DEFINITIONS- As used in this part--
 (1) the term `bus' means a motor vehicle with motive power, except a trailer,
 designed for carrying more than 10 persons;
 (2) the term `multipurpose passenger vehicle' means a motor vehicle with
 motive power (except a trailer), designed to carry 10 persons or fewer,
 which is constructed either on a truck chassis or with special features
 for occasional off-road operation;
 (3) the term `passenger car' means a motor vehicle with motive power (except
 a multipurpose passenger vehicle, motorcycle, or trailer), designed for
 carrying 10 persons or fewer;
 (4) the term `truck' means a motor vehicle with motive power, except a
 trailer, designed primarily for the transportation of property or special
 purpose equipment; and
 (5) the term `Secretary' means the Secretary of Transportation.
 (b) PROCEDURE-
 (1) IN GENERAL- Except as provided in paragraph (2), any action taken under
 section 2503 shall be taken in accordance with the applicable provisions of
 the National Traffic and Motor Vehicle Safety Act of 1966 (15 U.S.C. 1381
 et seq.).
 (2) SPECIFIC PROCEDURE-
 (A) INITIATION- To initiate an action under section 2503, the Secretary
 shall, not later than May 31, 1992, publish in the Federal Register an
 advance notice of proposed rulemaking or a notice of proposed rulemaking,
 except that if the Secretary is unable to publish such a notice by such
 date, the Secretary shall by such date publish in the Federal Register a
 notice that the Secretary will begin such action by a certain date which may
 not be later than January 31, 1993 and include in such notice the reasons
 for the delay. A notice of delayed action shall not be considered agency
 action subject to judicial review. If the Secretary publishes an advance
 notice of proposed rulemaking, the Secretary is not required to follow such
 notice with a notice of proposed rulemaking if the Secretary determines on
 the basis of such advanced notice and the comments received thereon that
 the contemplated action should not be taken under the provisions of the
 National Traffic and Motor Vehicle Safety Act of 1966 (15 U.S.C. 1381 et
 seq.), including the provisions of section 103 of such Act (15 U.S.C. 1392),
 and if the Secretary publishes the reasons for such determination consistent
 with chapter 5 of title 5, United States Code.
 (B) COMPLETION-
 (i) PERIOD- Action under paragraphs (1) through (4) of section 2503 which
 was begun under subparagraph (A) shall be completed within 26 months of the
 date of publication of an advance notice of proposed rulemaking or 18 months
 of the date of publication of a notice of proposed rulemaking. The Secretary
 may extend for any reason the period for completion of a rulemaking initiated
 by the issuance of a notice of proposed rulemaking for not more than 6 months
 if the Secretary publishes the reasons for such extension. The extension of
 such period shall not be considered agency action subject to judicial review.
 (ii) ACTION- A rulemaking under paragraphs (1) through (4) of section 2503
 shall be considered completed when the Secretary promulgates a final rule
 or when the Secretary decides not to promulgate a rule (which decision
 may include deferral of the action or reinitiation of the action). The
 Secretary may not decide against promulgation of a final rule because of
 lack of time to complete rulemaking. Any such rulemaking actions shall
 be published in the Federal Register, together with the reasons for such
 decisions, consistent with chapter 5 of title 5, United States Code, and
 the National Traffic and Motor Vehicle Safety Act of 1966.
 (iii) SPECIAL RULE-
 (I) PERIOD- Action under paragraph (5) of section 2503 which was begun
 under subparagraph (A) shall be completed within 24 months of the date
 of publication of an advance notice of proposed rulemaking or a notice of
 proposed rulemaking. If the Secretary determines that there is a need for
 delay and if the public comment period is closed, the Secretary may extend
 the date for completion for not more than 6 months and shall publish in the
 Federal Register a notice stating the reasons for the extension and setting
 a date certain for completion of the action. The extension of the completion
 date shall not be considered agency action subject to judicial review.
 (II) ACTION- A rulemaking under paragraph (5) of section 2503 shall be
 considered completed when the Secretary promulgates a final rule with
 standards on improved head injury protection.
 (C) STANDARD- The Secretary may, as part of any action taken under
 section 2503, amend any motor vehicle safety standard or establish a new
 standard under the National Traffic and Motor Vehicle Safety Act of 1966
 (15 U.S.C. 1381 et seq.).
SEC. 2503. MATTERS BEFORE THE SECRETARY.
 The Secretary shall address the following matters in accordance with
 section 2502:
 (1) Protection against unreasonable risk of rollovers of passenger cars,
 multipurpose passenger vehicles, and trucks with a gross vehicle weight
 rating of 8,500 pounds or less and an unloaded vehicle weight of 5,500
 pounds or less.
 (2) Extension of passenger car side impact protection to multipurpose
 passenger vehicles and trucks with a gross vehicle weight rating of 8,500
 pounds or less and an unloaded vehicle weight of 5,500 pounds or less.
 (3) Safety of child booster seats used in passenger cars and other appropriate
 motor vehicles.
 (4) Improved design for safety belts.
 (5) Improved head impact protection from interior components of passenger
 cars (i.e. roof rails, pillars, and front headers).
SEC. 2504. RECALL OF CERTAIN MOTOR VEHICLES.
 (a) NOTIFICATION OF DEFECT OR FAILURE TO COMPLY- Section 153 of the National
 Traffic and Motor Vehicle Safety Act of 1966 (15 U.S.C. 1413) is amended
 by adding at the end the following new subsections:
 `(d) If the Secretary determines that a notification sent by a manufacturer
 pursuant to subsection (c) of this section has not resulted in an adequate
 number of vehicles or items of equipment being returned for remedy, the
 Secretary may direct the manufacturer to send a second notification in such
 manner as the Secretary may by regulation prescribe.
 `(e)(1) Any lessor who receives a notification required by section 151 or
 152 pertaining to any leased motor vehicle shall send a copy of such notice
 to the lessee in such manner as the Secretary may by regulation prescribe.
 `(2) For purposes of this subsection, the term `leased motor vehicle'
 means any motor vehicle which is leased to a person for a term of at least
 four months by a lessor who has leased five or more vehicles in the twelve
 months preceding the date of the notification.'.
 (b) LIMITATION ON SALE OR LEASE OF CERTAIN VEHICLES- Section 154 of the
 National Traffic and Motor Vehicle Safety Act of 1966 (15 U.S.C. 1414)
 is amended by adding at the end the following:
 `(d) If notification is required under section 151 or by an order under
 section 152(b) and has been furnished by the manufacturer to a dealer of motor
 vehicles with respect to any new motor vehicle or new item of replacement
 equipment in the dealer's possession at the time of notification which
 fails to comply with an applicable Federal motor vehicle safety standard
 or contains a defect which relates to motor vehicle safety, such dealer may
 sell or lease such motor vehicle or item of replacement equipment only if--
 `(1) the defect or failure to comply has been remedied in accordance with
 this section before delivery under such sale or lease; or
 `(2) in the case of notification required by an order under section 152(b),
 enforcement of the order has been restrained in an action to which section
 155(a) applies or such order has been set aside in such an action.
Nothing in this subsection shall be construed to prohibit any dealer from
offering for sale or lease such vehicle or item of equipment.'.
SEC. 2505. STANDARDS OF COMPLIANCE TEST PROGRAM.
 Section 103 of the National Traffic and Motor Vehicle Safety Act of 1966
 (15 U.S.C. 1392) is amended by adding at the end the following:
 `(j) The Secretary shall establish and periodically review and update
 on a continuing basis a 5-year plan for testing Federal Motor Vehicle
 Safety Standards that are capable, in the Secretary's judgment, of being
 tested. In developing the plan and establishing testing priorities, the
 Secretary shall take into consideration such factors as the Secretary deems
 appropriate, consistent with the purposes of this Act and the Secretary's
 other responsibilities under this Act. The Secretary may at any time
 adjust such priorities to address matters the Secretary deems of greater
 priority. The initial plan may be the 5-year plan for compliance testing
 in effect on the date of enactment of this subsection.'.
SEC. 2506. REAR SEATBELTS.
 The Secretary shall expend such portion of the funds authorized to be
 appropriated under the Motor Vehicle Information and Cost Savings Act (15
 U.S.C. 1901 et seq.), for fiscal year 1993, as the Secretary deems necessary
 for the purpose of disseminating information to consumers regarding the
 manner in which passenger cars may be retrofitted with lap and shoulder
 rear seatbelts.
SEC. 2507. BRAKE PERFORMANCE STANDARDS FOR PASSENGER CARS.
 Not later than December 31, 1993, the Secretary, in accordance with the
 National Traffic and Motor Vehicle Safety Act of 1966, shall publish an
 advance notice of proposed rulemaking to consider the need for any additional
 brake performance standards for passenger cars, including antilock brake
 standards. The Secretary shall complete such rulemaking (in accordance
 with section 2502(b)(2)(B)(ii)) not later than 36 months from the date
 of initiation of such advance notice of proposed rulemaking. In order to
 facilitate and encourage innovation and early application of economical
 and effective antilock brake systems for all such vehicles, the Secretary
 shall, as part of the rulemaking, consider any such brake system adopted
 by a manufacturer.
SEC. 2508. AUTOMATIC CRASH PROTECTION AND SAFETY BELT USE.
 (a) AMENDMENT OF STANDARD-
 (1) SPECIFICATIONS- Notwithstanding any other provision of law or rule, the
 Secretary shall by September 1, 1993, promulgate, in accordance with the
 National Traffic and Motor Vehicle Safety Act of 1966 (to the extent such
 Act is not in conflict with the provisions of this section), an amendment to
 Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standard 208 issued under such Act to provide
 that the automatic occupant crash protection system for the front outboard
 designated seating positions of each--
 (A) new truck, bus, and multipurpose passenger vehicle (other than walk-in
 van-type trucks and vehicles designed to be exclusively sold to the United
 States Postal Service) with a gross vehicle weight rating of 8,500 pounds
 or less and an unloaded vehicle weight of 5,500 pounds or less, and
 (B) new passenger car,
manufactured on or after the dates specified in the applicable schedule
established by subsection (b), shall be an inflatable restraint complying
with the occupant protection requirements under section 4.1.2.1 of such
Standard. This section supplements and revises, but does not replace, Federal
Motor Vehicle Safety Standard 208, including the amendment to such Standard 208
of March 26, 1991 (56 F.R. 12472), extending the requirements for automatic
crash protection, together with incentives for more innovative automatic
crash protection, to trucks, buses, and multipurpose passenger vehicles.
 (2) REQUIREMENT- The amendment to such Standard 208 shall also require, to
 be effective as soon as possible after the promulgation of such amendment,
 that the owner manuals for passenger cars and trucks, buses, and multipurpose
 passenger vehicles equipped with an inflatable restraint include a statement
 in an easily understandable format--
 (A) that the vehicle is equipped with an inflatable restraint referred
 to as an `airbag' and a lap and shoulder belt in either or both the front
 outboard seating positions;
 (B) that the airbag is a supplemental restraint;
 (C) that it does not substitute for lap and shoulder belts which must
 also be correctly used by an occupant in such seating position to provide
 restraint or protection not only from frontal crashes but from other types
 of crashes or accidents; and
 (D) that all occupants, including the driver, should always wear their lap
 and shoulder belts, where available, or other safety belts, whether or not
 there is an inflatable restraint.
 (3) FINDING- The Congress finds that it is in the public interest for all
 States to adopt and enforce mandatory seat belt use laws and for the Federal
 Government to adopt and enforce mandatory seat belt use rules.
 (b) SCHEDULE- The amendment promulgated under subsection (a) shall establish
 the following schedule:
 (1) NEW PASSENGER CARS- The amendment shall take effect for 95 percent
 of each manufacturer's annual production of passenger cars manufactured
 on and after September 1, 1996, and before September 1, 1997, and for 100
 percent of each manufacturer's production of passenger cars manufactured
 on and after September 1, 1997. Subject to the provisions of subsection
 (c), the percentage prescribed for passenger cars manufactured on and after
 September 1, 1997, shall be met entirely by inflatable restraints (accompanied
 by lap and shoulder belts) for both front outboard seating positions.
 (2) NEW TRUCKS, BUSES, AND MULTIPURPOSE PASSENGER VEHICLES- The amendment
 shall take effect for 80 percent of each manufacturer's annual production of
 trucks, buses, and multipurpose passenger vehicles described in subsection
 (a)(1)(A) and manufactured on and after September 1, 1997, and before
 September 1, 1998, and for 100 percent of each manufacturer's production
 of such trucks, buses, and multipurpose passenger vehicles manufactured
 on and after September 1, 1998. Subject to the provisions of subsection
 (c), the percentage prescribed for such trucks, buses, and multipurpose
 passenger vehicles manufactured on and after September 1, 1998, shall be met
 entirely by inflatable restraints (accompanied by lap and shoulder belts) for
 both front outboard seating positions. The incentives or credits available
 under Standard 208 (as amended by this section) prior to September 1, 1998,
 shall not be available to the manufacturers to comply with the 100 percent
 requirement of this paragraph on and after such date.
 (c) TEMPORARY EXEMPTION FROM REQUIREMENTS- Upon application by a manufacturer,
 in such manner and containing such information as the Secretary shall
 prescribe in the amendment under this section to such Standard 208, the
 Secretary may at any time, under such terms and conditions and to such
 extent as the Secretary deems appropriate, temporarily exempt or renew
 the exemption of a motor vehicle from the requirements of subsection (a)
 or (b), or both, if the Secretary finds that there has been a disruption
 in the supply of any inflatable restraint component, or a disruption in
 the use and installation by the manufacturer of such component due to
 unavoidable events not under the control of the manufacturer, that will
 prevent a manufacturer from meeting its anticipated production volume of
 vehicles with such restraints. Each application for such exemption must be
 filed by the manufacturer affected, and must specify the models, lines, and
 types of vehicles actually affected, although the Secretary may consolidate
 applications of a similar nature of 1 or more manufacturers. Any exemption
 or renewal shall be conditioned upon the manufacturer's commitment to recall
 the exempted vehicles for installation of omitted inflatable restraints
 within a reasonable time proposed by the manufacturer and approved by the
 Secretary after such components become available in sufficient quantities to
 satisfy both anticipated production and recall volume requirements. Notice
 of each application shall be published in the Federal Register and notice
 of each decision to grant or deny a temporary exemption, and the reasons
 for granting or denying it, shall be published in the Federal Register. The
 Secretary shall require labeling for each exempted motor vehicle which can
 only be removed after recall and installation of the required inflatable
 restraint. If a vehicle is delivered without an inflatable restraint,
 the Secretary shall require that written notification of the exemption
 be delivered to the dealer and first purchasers for purposes other than
 resale of such exempted motor vehicle in such a manner, and containing such
 information, as the Secretary deems appropriate.
 (d) CONSTRUCTION- Nothing in this section shall be construed by the Secretary
 or any other person, including any court, as altering or affecting any
 other provision of law administered by the Secretary and applicable to such
 passenger cars or trucks, buses, or multipurpose passenger vehicles or as
 establishing any precedent regarding the development and promulgation of
 any Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standard. Nothing in this section or in the
 amendments made under this section to Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standard
 208 shall be construed by any person or court as indicating an intention
 by Congress to affect, change, or modify in any way the liability, if any,
 of a motor vehicle manufacturer under applicable law relative to vehicles
 with or without inflatable restraints.
 (e) REPORT- The Secretary shall biannually report, beginning October 1,
 1992 and continuing to October 1, 2000, on the actual effectiveness of an
 occupant restraint system defined as the percentage reduction in fatalities
 or injuries of restrained occupants as compared to unrestrained occupants
 for the combination of inflated restraints and lap and shoulder belts,
 for inflated restraints alone, and for lap and shoulder belts alone. The
 Secretary, in consultation with the Secretary of Labor and the Secretary of
 Defense, shall also provide data and analysis on lap and shoulder belt use,
 nationally and in each State, by Federal, State, and local law enforcement
 officers, by military personnel, by Federal and State employees other than
 law enforcement officers, and by the public.
 (f) AIRBAGS FOR CARS ACQUIRED FOR FEDERAL USE- The Secretary, in cooperation
 with the Administrator of General Services and the heads of other appropriate
 Federal agencies and consistent with applicable provisions of Federal
 procurement law and available appropriations, shall establish a program
 requiring that all passenger cars acquired after September 30, 1994, for use
 by the Federal Government be equipped, to the maximum extent practicable,
 with driver-side inflatable restraints and that all passenger cars acquired
 after September 30, 1996, for use by the Federal Government be equipped,
 to the maximum extent practicable, with inflatable restraints for both the
 driver and front seat outboard seating positions.
SEC. 2509. HEAD INJURY IMPACT STUDY.
 The Secretary, in the case of any head injury protection matters not subject
 to section 2503(5) for which the Secretary is on the date of enactment
 of this Act examining the need for rulemaking and is conducting research,
 shall provide a report to Congress by the end of fiscal year 1993 identifying
 those matters and their status. The report shall include a statement of any
 actions planned toward initiating such rulemaking no later than fiscal year
 1994 or 1995 through use of either an advance notice of proposed rulemaking
 or a notice of proposed rulemaking and completing such rulemaking as soon
 as possible thereafter.
TITLE III--FEDERAL TRANSIT ACT AMENDMENTS OF 1991
SEC. 3001. SHORT TITLE.
 This title may be cited as the `Federal Transit Act Amendments of 1991'.
SEC. 3002. AMENDMENTS TO URBAN MASS TRANSPORTATION ACT OF 1964.
 Except as otherwise expressly provided, whenever in this title an amendment
 or repeal is expressed in terms of an amendment to, or repeal of, a section
 or other provision, the reference shall be considered to be made to a
 section or other provision of the Urban Mass Transportation Act of 1964
 (49 U.S.C. App. 1601-1621).
SEC. 3003. AMENDMENT TO SHORT TITLE OF URBAN MASS TRANSPORTATION ACT OF 1964.
 (a) IN GENERAL- The Act is amended by striking `That this Act may be cited
 as the `Urban Mass Transportation Act of 1964'.' and inserting the following:
`SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE.
 `This Act may be cited as the `Federal Transit Act'.'.
 (b) OTHER REFERENCES- Any reference in a law, map, regulation, document,
 paper, or other record of the United States to the Urban Mass Transportation
 Act of 1964 shall be deemed to be a reference to the `Federal Transit Act'.
SEC. 3004. FEDERAL TRANSIT ADMINISTRATION.
 (a) REDESIGNATION OF UMTA- The Urban Mass Transportation Administration
 of the Department of Transportation shall be known and designated as the
 `Federal Transit Administration'.
 (b) REFERENCES- Any reference in a law, map, regulation, document, paper,
 or other record of the United States to the Urban Mass Transportation
 Administration shall be deemed to be a reference to the `Federal Transit
 Administration'.
 (c) AMENDMENTS TO TITLE 49-
 (1) AMENDMENT TO TEXT- Section 107(a) of title 49, United States Code, is
 amended by striking `Urban Mass Transportation Administration' and inserting
 `Federal Transit Administration'.
 (2) AMENDMENT TO SECTION HEADING- The heading for section 107 of such title
 is amended to read as follows:
`Sec. 107. Federal Transit Administration'.
 (3) AMENDMENT TO CHAPTER ANALYSIS- The analysis for chapter 1 of such
 title is amended by striking the item relating to section 107 and inserting
 the following:
`107. Federal Transit Administration.'.
 (d) AMENDMENTS TO TITLE 5- Title 5, United States Code, is amended--
 (1) in section 5314 by striking `Urban Mass Transportation Administrator'
 and inserting `Federal Transit Administrator'; and
 (2) in section 5316 by striking `Deputy Administrator, Urban Mass
 Transportation Administration' and inserting `Deputy Administrator, Federal
 Transit Administration'.
SEC. 3005. FINDINGS AND PURPOSES.
 (a) FINDINGS- Section 2(a) is amended--
 (1) in paragraph (2) by striking `; and' and inserting a semicolon;
 (2) in paragraph (3) by striking the period and inserting `; and'; and
 (3) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
 `(4) that significant transit improvements are necessary to achieve
 national goals for improved air quality, energy conservation, international
 competitiveness, and mobility for elderly persons, persons with disabilities,
 and economically disadvantaged persons in urban and rural areas of the
 country.'.
 (b) PURPOSES- Section 2(b) is amended--
 (1) in paragraph (2) by striking `; and' and inserting a semicolon;
 (2) in paragraph (3) by striking the period and inserting `; and'; and
 (3) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
 `(4) to provide financial assistance to State and local governments and their
 instrumentalities to help implement national goals relating to mobility for
 elderly persons, persons with disabilities, and economically disadvantaged
 persons.'.
SEC. 3006. MAJOR CAPITAL INVESTMENT PROGRAM.
 (a) ELDERLY PERSONS AND PERSONS WITH DISABILITIES- Section 3(a)(1) is amended
 by striking subparagraph (E) and inserting the following new subparagraph:
 `(E) transit projects which are planned, designed, and carried out to meet
 the special needs of elderly persons and persons with disabilities; and'.
 (b) CORRIDOR DEVELOPMENT- Section 3(a)(1) is further amended by adding at
 the end the following new subparagraph:
 `(F) the development of corridors to support fixed guideway systems, including
 protection of rights-of-way through acquisition, construction of dedicated
 bus and high occupancy vehicle lanes, construction of park and ride lots,
 and any other nonvehicular capital improvements that the Secretary may
 determine would result in increased transit usage in the corridor.'.
 (c) GRANDFATHERED LETTERS OF INTENT- This Act shall not be construed to affect
 the validity of any existing letter of intent, full funding grant agreement,
 or letter of commitment issued under section 3(a)(4) of the Federal Transit
 Act before the date of the enactment of the Federal Transit Act Amendments
 of 1991.
 (d) ALLOCATIONS- Section 3(k) is amended--
 (1) by striking paragraph (1) and inserting the following:
 `(1) IN GENERAL- Subject to paragraph (3), of the amounts available for
 grants and loans under this section for fiscal years 1992, 1993, 1994,
 1995, 1996, and 1997--
 `(A) 40 percent shall be available for fixed guideway modernization;
 `(B) 40 percent shall be available for construction of new fixed guideway
 systems and extensions to fixed guideway systems; and
 `(C) 20 percent shall be available for the replacement, rehabilitation, and
 purchase of buses and related equipment and the construction of bus-related
 facilities.'; and
 (2) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
 `(3) AREAS OTHER THAN URBANIZED AREAS- At least 5.5 percent of the amounts
 available for grants and loans under subsection (k)(1)(C) for fiscal years
 1992, 1993, 1994, 1995, 1996, and 1997 shall be available for areas other
 than urbanized areas.'.
 (e) BOND INTEREST ON ADVANCE CONSTRUCTION- Section 3(l)(2)(B) is amended
 by striking `the excess of--' and all that follows through the period and
 inserting `the most favorable interest terms reasonably available for the
 project at the time of borrowing. The applicant shall certify, in a form
 satisfactory to the Secretary, that the applicant has shown due diligence
 in seeking the most favorable financial terms.'.
 (f) FEDERAL SHARE- Section 4(a) is amended--
 (1) by striking `75 per centum' and inserting `80 percent'; and
 (2) by inserting before the period at the end of the second sentence the
 following: `, unless the recipient of the grant requests a lower Federal
 grant percentage'.
 (g) LOCAL SHARE FOR CERTAIN PLANNED EXTENSIONS OF FIXED GUIDEWAY SYSTEMS-
 Section 4(a) is amended by adding at the end the following new sentence:
 `The remainder of the net project cost of a planned extension to a fixed
 guideway system may include the cost of rolling stock previously purchased
 if the applicant demonstrates to the satisfaction of the Secretary that--
 `(1) such purchase was made solely with non-Federal funds; and
 `(2) such purchase was made for use on the extension.'.
 (h) FISCAL CAPACITY CONSIDERATIONS- Section 4 is amended--
 (1) by striking subsections (b), (c), (d), (e), (f), and (g) and redesignating
 subsections (h) and (i) as subsections (b) and (c), respectively; and
 (2) by adding at the end the following new subsection:
 `(d) FISCAL CAPACITY CONSIDERATIONS- If the Secretary gives priority
 consideration to the funding of projects which include more than the
 non-Federal share required by subsection (a), the Secretary shall give
 equal consideration to differences in the fiscal capacity of State and
 local governments.'.
SEC. 3007. CAPITAL GRANTS; TECHNICAL AMENDMENT TO PROVIDE FOR EARLY SYSTEMS
WORK CONTRACTS AND FULL FUNDING GRANT AGREEMENTS.
 Section 3(a)(4) is amended--
 (1) by inserting `(A)' after `(4)';
 (2) in the fifth sentence by inserting `not less than' after `complete';
 (3) by adding after the sixth sentence the following:
 `(B) The Secretary is authorized to enter into a full funding grant agreement
 with an applicant, which agreement shall--
 `(i) establish the terms and conditions of Federal financial participation
 in a project under this section;
 `(ii) establish the maximum amounts of Federal financial assistance for
 such project;
 `(iii) cover the period of time to completion of the project, including
 any period that may extend beyond the period of any authorization; and
 `(iv) facilitate timely and efficient management of such project in accordance
 with Federal law.
 `(C) An agreement under subparagraph (B) shall obligate an amount of available
 budget authority specified in law and may include a commitment, contingent
 upon the future availability of budget authority, to obligate an additional
 amount or additional amounts from future available budget authority specified
 in law. The agreement shall specify that the contingent commitment does not
 constitute an obligation of the United States. The future availability of
 budget authority referred to in the first sentence of this subparagraph shall
 be amounts to be specified in law in advance for commitments entered into
 under subparagraph (B). Any interest and other financing costs of efficiently
 carrying out the project or a portion thereof within a reasonable period of
 time shall be considered as a cost of carrying out the project under a full
 funding grant agreement; except that eligible costs shall not be greater
 than the costs of the most favorable financing terms reasonably available
 for the project at the time of borrowing. The applicant shall certify,
 in a form satisfactory to the Secretary, that the applicant has shown
 due diligence in seeking the most favorable financing terms. The total of
 amounts stipulated in a full funding grant agreement for a fixed guideway
 project shall be sufficient to complete not less than an operable segment.
 `(D) The Secretary is authorized to enter into an early systems work
 agreement with an applicant if a record of decision pursuant to the National
 Environmental Policy Act of 1969 (42 U.S.C. 4321 et seq.) has been issued
 on the project and the Secretary determines that there is reason to believe--
 `(i) a full funding grant agreement will be entered into for the project; and
 `(ii) the terms of the early systems work agreement will promote ultimate
 completion of the project more rapidly and at less cost.
The early systems work agreement shall obligate an amount of available
budget authority specified in law and shall provide for reimbursement of
preliminary costs of project implementation, including land acquisition, timely
procurement of system elements for which specifications are determined, and
other activities that the Secretary determines to be appropriate to facilitate
efficient, long-term project management. An early systems work agreement
shall cover such period of time as the Secretary deems appropriate, which
period may extend beyond the period of current authorization. The interest
and other financing costs of carrying out the early systems work agreement
efficiently and within a reasonable period of time shall be considered as
a cost of carrying out the agreement; except that eligible costs shall not
be greater than the costs of the most favorable financing terms reasonably
available for the project at the time of borrowing. The applicant shall
certify, in a form satisfactory to the Secretary, that the applicant has
shown due diligence in seeking the most favorable financing terms. If an
applicant fails to implement the project for reasons within the applicant's
control, the applicant shall repay all Federal payments made under the early
systems work agreement plus such reasonable interest and penalty charges as
the Secretary may establish in the agreement.';
 (4) by inserting `(E)' before `The total estimated' and aligning subparagraph
 (E) with subparagraph (D);
 (5) in the sentence that begins `The total estimated'--
 (A) by inserting `, and contingent commitments to incur obligations,' after
 `Federal obligations';
 (B) by inserting `, early systems work agreements, and full funding grant
 agreements,' after `all outstanding letters of intent,'; and
 (C) by inserting `or 50 percent of the uncommitted cash balance remaining
 in the Mass Transit Account of the Highway Trust Fund, including amounts
 received from taxes and interest earned in excess of amounts that have been
 previously obligated, whichever is greater' after `section 3 of this Act'; and
 (6) in the sentence that begins `The total amount covered', by inserting
 `and contingent commitments included in early systems work agreements and
 full funding grant agreements' after `by new letters issued,'.
SEC. 3008. FIXED GUIDEWAY MODERNIZATION.
 Section 3 is amended by striking subsection (h) and inserting the following
 new subsection:
 `(h) FIXED GUIDEWAY MODERNIZATION APPORTIONMENTS- The Secretary shall
 apportion the sums made available for fixed guideway modernization under
 this section for each of fiscal years 1992, 1993, 1994, 1995, 1996, and
 1997 as follows:
 `(1) The first $455,000,000 made available shall be apportioned for
 expenditure in the following urbanized areas according to the following
 percentages:
 `(A) Baltimore, 1.84 percent.
 `(B) Boston, 8.56 percent.
 `(C) Chicago/Northwestern Indiana, 17.18 percent.
 `(D) Cleveland, 2.09 percent.
 `(E) New York, 35.57 percent.
 `(F) Northeastern New Jersey, 9.04 percent.
 `(G) Philadelphia/Southern New Jersey, 12.41 percent.
 `(H) San Francisco, 7.21 percent.
 `(I) Southwestern Connecticut, 6.10 percent.
 `(2) The next $42,700,000 made available shall be apportioned for expenditure
 in the following urbanized areas according to the following percentages:
 `(A) New York, 33.2341 percent.
 `(B) Northeastern New Jersey, 22.1842 percent.
 `(C) Philadelphia and Southern New Jersey, 5.7594 percent.
 `(D) San Francisco, 2.7730 percent.
 `(E) Pittsburgh, 31.9964 percent.
 `(F) New Orleans, 4.0529 percent.
 `(3) The next $70,000,000 made available shall be apportioned for
 expenditure--
 `(A) 50 percent in the urbanized areas listed in paragraphs (1) and (2)
 according to the apportionment formula contained in section 9(b)(2); and
 `(B) 50 percent in other urbanized areas eligible for assistance under
 section 9(b)(2) of this Act which contain a fixed guideway system placed
 in revenue service not less than 7 years prior to the fiscal year in which
 funds are made available and in other urbanized areas which before the first
 day of the fiscal year demonstrate to the satisfaction of the Secretary that
 the urbanized area has modernization needs which cannot be adequately met
 with amounts received under section 9(b)(2) according to the apportionment
 formula contained in such section.
 `(4) Any remaining amounts made available in a fiscal year shall be
 apportioned for expenditure in each urbanized area eligible for assistance
 under paragraphs (1), (2), and (3) in accordance with the apportionment
 formula contained in section 9(b)(2).
 `(5) In any fiscal year in which the full amounts authorized under paragraphs
 (1) and (2) are not made available, the Secretary shall reduce on a pro
 rata basis the apportionments of all urbanized areas eligible under either
 paragraph to adjust for the shortfall.
 `(6) Notwithstanding any other provision of law, rail modernization funds
 allocated to the New Jersey Transit Corporation under this paragraph may
 be spent in any urbanized area in which the New Jersey Transit Corporation
 operates rail service regardless of the urbanized area which generates
 the funding.'.
SEC. 3009. BUS TESTING.
 Section 3 is amended by adding at the end the following new subsection:
 `(m) BUS TESTING- Of the amounts made available for replacement,
 rehabilitation, and purchase of buses and related equipment and the
 construction of bus related facilities by subsection (k)(1)(C), the Secretary
 shall make available $1,500,000 in fiscal year 1992, $2,000,000 in fiscal
 year 1993, the lesser of $2,000,000 or an amount the Secretary determines
 to be necessary per fiscal year in each of fiscal years 1994, 1995, and
 1996, and the lesser of $3,000,000 or an amount the Secretary determines
 to be necessary in fiscal year 1997. Such amounts shall be available to the
 Secretary to pay 80 percent of the cost of testing a vehicle at the facility
 established under section 317 of the Surface Transportation and Uniform
 Relocation Assistance Act of 1987 (49 U.S.C. App. 1608). The Secretary
 shall make such payments by contract with the operator of the facility. The
 remaining 20 percent of the cost of testing a vehicle shall be paid to the
 operator of the facility by the entity having the vehicle tested.'.
SEC. 3010. CRITERIA FOR NEW STARTS.
 Section 3(i) is amended to read as follows:
 `(i) NEW START CRITERIA-
 `(1) DETERMINATIONS- A grant or loan for construction of a new fixed guideway
 system or extension of any fixed guideway system may not be made under this
 section unless the Secretary determines that the proposed project--
 `(A) is based on the results of an alternatives analysis and preliminary
 engineering;
 `(B) is justified based on a comprehensive review of its mobility
 improvements, environmental benefits, cost effectiveness, and operating
 efficiencies; and
 `(C) is supported by an acceptable degree of local financial commitment,
 including evidence of stable and dependable funding sources to construct,
 maintain, and operate the system or extension.
 `(2) CONSIDERATIONS- In making determinations under this subsection,
 the Secretary--
 `(A) shall consider the direct and indirect costs of relevant alternatives;
 `(B) shall account for costs related to such factors as congestion relief,
 improved mobility, air pollution, noise pollution, congestion, energy
 consumption, and all associated ancillary and mitigation costs necessary
 to implement each alternative analyzed; and
 `(C) shall identify and consider transit supportive existing land use policies
 and future patterns, and consider other factors including the degree to which
 the project increases the mobility of the transit dependent population or
 promotes economic development, and other factors that the Secretary deems
 appropriate to carry out the purposes of this Act.
 `(3) GUIDELINES-
 `(A) IN GENERAL- The Secretary shall issue guidelines that set forth
 the means by which the Secretary shall evaluate results of alternatives
 analysis, project justification, and degree of local financial commitment
 for the purposes of paragraph (1).
 `(B) PROJECT JUSTIFICATION- Project justification criteria shall be
 adjusted to reflect differences in local land costs, construction costs,
 and operating costs.
 `(C) FINANCIAL COMMITMENT- The degree of local financial commitment shall
 be considered acceptable only if--
 `(i) the proposed project plan provides for the availability of contingency
 funds that the Secretary determines to be reasonable to cover unanticipated
 cost overruns;
 `(ii) each proposed local source of capital and operating funding is stable,
 reliable, and available within the proposed project timetable; and
 `(iii) local resources are available to operate the overall proposed transit
 system (including essential feeder bus and other services necessary to
 achieve the projected ridership levels) without requiring a reduction in
 existing transit services in order to operate the proposed project.
 `(D) STABILITY ASSESSMENT- In assessing the stability, reliability, and
 availability of proposed sources of local funding, the Secretary shall
 consider--
 `(i) existing grant commitments;
 `(ii) the degree to which funding sources are dedicated to the purposes
 proposed; and
 `(iii) any debt obligations which exist or are proposed by the recipient
 for the proposed project or other transit purposes.
 `(4) PROJECT ADVANCEMENT- No project shall be advanced from alternatives
 analysis to preliminary engineering unless the Secretary finds that the
 proposed project meets the requirements of this section and there is a
 reasonable chance that the project will continue to meet these requirements
 at the conclusion of preliminary engineering.
 `(5) EXCEPTIONS-
 `(A) IN GENERAL- A new fixed guideway system or extension shall not be subject
 to the requirements of this subsection and the simultaneous evaluation of such
 projects in more than one corridor in a metropolitan area shall not be limited
 if (i) the project is located within an extreme or severe nonattainment area
 and is a transportation control measure, as defined by the Clean Air Act,
 that is required to carry out an approved State Implementation Plan, or (ii)
 assistance provided under this section accounts for less than $25,000,000 or
 less than  1/3  of the total cost of the project or an appropriate program
 of projects as determined by the Secretary.
 `(B) EXPEDITED PROCEDURES- In the case of a project that is (i) located within
 a nonattainment area that is not an extreme or severe nonattainment area,
 (ii) a transportation control measure, as defined in the Clean Air Act,
 and (iii) required to carry out an approved State Implementation Plan,
 the simultaneous evaluation of projects in more than one corridor in
 a metropolitan area shall not be limited and the Secretary shall make
 determinations under this subsection with expedited procedures that will
 promote timely implementation of the State Implementation Plan.
 `(C) EXCLUSION FOR CERTAIN PROJECTS- That portion of a project (including
 any commuter rail service project on an existing right-of-way) financed
 entirely with highway funds made available under the Federal-Aid Highway
 Act of 1991 shall not be subject to the requirements of this subsection.
 `(6) PROJECT IMPLEMENTATION- A project funded pursuant to this subsection
 shall be implemented by means of a full funding grant agreement.'.
SEC. 3011. ASSURED TIMETABLE FOR PROJECT REVIEW.
 (a) IN GENERAL- Section 3(a) is amended by striking paragraph (6) and
 inserting the following new paragraphs:
 `(6) ASSURED TIMETABLE FOR PROJECTS IN ALTERNATIVES ANALYSIS, PRELIMINARY
 ENGINEERING, OR FINAL DESIGN STAGES-
 `(A) ALTERNATIVES ANALYSIS STAGE- For any new fixed guideway project that
 the Secretary permits to advance into the alternatives analysis stage
 of project review, the Secretary shall cooperate with the applicant in
 alternatives analysis and in preparation of a draft environmental impact
 statement, and shall approve the draft environmental impact statement for
 circulation not later than 45 days after the date on which such draft is
 submitted to the Secretary by the applicant.
 `(B) PRELIMINARY ENGINEERING STAGE- Following circulation of the draft
 environmental impact statement and not later than 30 days after selection by
 the applicant of a locally preferred alternative, the Secretary shall permit
 the project to advance to the preliminary engineering phase if the Secretary
 finds the project is consistent with the criteria set forth in subsection (i).
 `(C) FINAL DESIGN STAGE- The Secretary shall issue a record of decision and
 permit a project to advance to the final design stage of construction not
 later than 120 days after the date of completion of the final environmental
 impact statement for such project.
 `(D) FULL FUNDING GRANT AGREEMENT- The Secretary shall negotiate and enter
 into a full funding grant agreement for a project not later than 120 days
 after the date on which such project has entered the final design stage of
 construction. Such full funding grant agreement shall provide for a Federal
 share of the cost of construction that is not less than the Federal share
 estimated in the Secretary's most recent report required under section 3(j)
 or an update thereof unless otherwise requested by an applicant.
 `(7) PERMITTED DELAYS IN PROJECT REVIEW-
 `(A) IN GENERAL- Advancement of a project under the timetables specified
 under paragraph (6) shall be delayed only--
 `(i) for such period of time as the applicant, solely at the applicant's
 discretion, may request; or
 `(ii) during such period of time as the Secretary finds, after reasonable
 notice and opportunity for comment, that the applicant has failed, for
 reasons solely attributable to the applicant, to comply substantially with
 requirements of this Act with respect to the project.
 `(B) EXPLANATION OF DELAY- Not more than 10 days after imposing any delay
 under subparagraph (A)(ii), the Secretary shall provide the applicant with
 a written statement that (i) explains the reasons for such delay, and (ii)
 describes all steps which the applicant must take to end the period of delay.
 `(C) REPORTS- The Secretary shall report, not less frequently than once
 every 6 months, to the Committee on Public Works and Transportation of the
 House of Representatives and the Committee on Banking, Housing and Urban
 Affairs of the Senate in any case in which the Secretary--
 `(i) fails to meet a deadline established by paragraph (6); or
 `(ii) delays the application of a deadline under subparagraph (A)(ii).
Such report shall explain the reasons for the delay and include a plan for
achieving timely completion of the Secretary's review of the project.
 `(8) TREATMENT OF PROGRAMS OF INTERRELATED PROJECTS-
 `(A) FULL FUNDING GRANT AGREEMENT- In accordance with the timetables
 established by paragraph (6) or as otherwise provided by law, the Secretary
 shall enter into 1 or more full funding grant agreements for each program of
 interrelated projects described in subparagraph (C). Such full funding grant
 agreements shall include commitments to advance each of the applicant's
 program elements (in the program of interrelated projects) through the
 appropriate stages of project review in accordance with the timetables
 established by paragraph (6) or as otherwise provided for a project by law,
 and to provide Federal funding for each such program element. Such full
 funding grant agreements may also be amended, if appropriate, to include
 design and construction of particular program elements. Inclusion of a
 nonfederally funded program element in a program of interrelated projects
 shall not be construed as imposing Federal requirements which would not
 otherwise apply to such program element.
 `(B) CONSIDERATIONS- When reviewing any project in a program of interrelated
 projects, the Secretary shall consider the local financial commitment,
 transportation effectiveness, and other assessment factors of all
 program elements to the extent that such consideration expedites project
 implementation.
 `(C) PROGRAMS OF INTERRELATED PROJECTS- For the purposes of this paragraph,
 programs of interrelated projects shall include the following:
 `(i) The New Jersey Urban Core Project as defined by the Federal Transit
 Act Amendments of 1991.
 `(ii) The San Francisco Bay Area Rail Extension Program, which consists of
 not less than the following elements: an extension of the San Francisco Bay
 Area Rapid Transit District to the San Francisco International Airport (Phase
 1a to Colma and Phase 1b to San Francisco Airport), the Santa Clara County
 Transit District Tasman Corridor Project, and any other program element
 designated by any modification to Metropolitan Transportation Commission
 Resolution No. 1876, as well as program elements financed entirely with
 non-Federal funds, including the BART Warm Springs Extension, Dublin
 Extension, and West Pittsburg Extension.
 `(iii) The Los Angeles Metro Rail Minimum Operable Segment-3 Program,
 which consists of 7 stations and approximately 11.6 miles of heavy rail
 subway on the following lines:
 `(I) 1 line running west and northwest from the Hollywood/Vine station to
 the North Hollywood station, with 2 intermediate stations;
 `(II) 1 line running west from the Wilshire/Western station to the Pico/San
 Vicente station, with 1 intermediate station; and
 `(III) the East Side Extension, consisting of an initial line of approximately
 3 miles in length, with at least 2 stations, beginning at Union Station
 and running generally east.
 `(iv) The Baltimore-Washington Transportation Improvements Program, which
 consists of the following elements: 3 extensions of the Baltimore Light
 Rail to Hunt Valley, Penn Station and Baltimore-Washington Airport; MARC
 extensions to Frederick and Waldorf, Maryland; and an extension of the
 Washington Subway system to Largo, Maryland.
 `(v) The Tri-County Metropolitan Transportation District of Oregon Westside
 Light Rail Program, which consists of the following elements: the locally
 preferred alternative for the Westside Light Rail Project, including system
 related costs, set forth in Public Law 101-516 and as defined in House
 Report 101-584; and the Hillsboro extension to the Westside Light Rail
 Project as set forth in Public Law 101-516.
 `(vi) The Queens Local/Express Connector Program which consists of the
 following elements: the locally preferred alternative for the connection
 of the 63rd Street tunnel extension to the Queens Boulevard lines; the
 bell-mouth portion of the connector which would allow for future access by
 both commuter rail trains and other subway lines to the 63rd Street tunnel
 extension; planning elements for connecting both upper and lower level
 to commuter and subway lines in Long Island City; and planning elements
 for providing a connector for commuter rail service to the East side of
 Manhattan and subway lines to the proposed Second Avenue subway.
 `(vii) The Dallas Area Rapid Transit Authority light rail elements of the
 New System Plan, which consists of the following elements: the locally
 preferred alternative for the South Oak Cliff corridor; the South Oak Cliff
 corridor extension-Camp Wisdom; the West Oak Cliff corridor-Westmoreland;
 the North Central corridor-Park Lane; the North Central corridor-Richardson,
 Plano and Garland extensions; the Pleasant Grove corridor-Buckner; and the
 Carrollton corridor-Farmers Branch and Las Colinas terminal.
 `(viii) Such other programs as may be designated in law or by the Secretary.'.
 (b) TRANSITIONAL PROVISION- In the case of a project (including programs
 of interrelated projects) that, as of the date of enactment of this Act,
 has reached a particular stage of project review under section 3(a)(6) of
 the Federal Transit Act, the timetables applicable to subsequent stages of
 project review contained in such section shall take effect on the date of
 enactment of this Act.
SEC. 3012. METROPOLITAN PLANNING.
 The Act is amended by striking section 8 and inserting the following new
 section:
`SEC. 8. METROPOLITAN PLANNING.
 `(a) GENERAL REQUIREMENTS- It is in the national interest to encourage and
 promote the development of transportation systems embracing various modes
 of transportation in a manner which will efficiently maximize mobility
 of people and goods within and through urbanized areas and minimize
 transportation-related fuel consumption and air pollution. To accomplish
 this objective, metropolitan planning organizations, in cooperation with the
 State, shall develop transportation plans and programs for urbanized areas
 of the State. Such plans and programs shall provide for the development
 of transportation facilities (including pedestrian walkways and bicycle
 transportation facilities) which will function as an intermodal transportation
 system for the State, the metropolitan areas, and the Nation. The process
 for developing such plans and programs shall provide for consideration
 of all modes of transportation and shall be continuing, cooperative, and
 comprehensive to the degree appropriate, based on the complexity of the
 transportation problems.
 `(b) DESIGNATION OF METROPOLITAN PLANNING ORGANIZATIONS-
 `(1) IN GENERAL- To carry out the transportation planning process required
 by this section, a metropolitan planning organization shall be designated
 for each urbanized area of more than 50,000 population by agreement among
 the Governor and units of general purpose local government which together
 represent at least 75 percent of the affected population (including the
 central city or cities as defined by the Bureau of the Census) or in
 accordance with procedures established by applicable State or local law.
 `(2) MEMBERSHIP OF CERTAIN MPO'S- In a metropolitan area designated as
 a transportation management area, the metropolitan planning organization
 designated for such area shall include local elected officials, officials
 of agencies which administer or operate major modes of transportation in
 the metropolitan area (including all transportation agencies included in
 the metropolitan planning organization on June 1, 1991) and appropriate
 State officials. This paragraph shall only apply to a metropolitan planning
 organization which is redesignated after the date of the enactment of
 this section.
 `(3) LIMITATION ON STATUTORY CONSTRUCTION- Nothing in this subsection
 shall be construed to interfere with the authority, under any State law
 in effect on the date of the enactment of this section, of a public agency
 with multimodal transportation responsibilities to--
 `(A) develop plans and programs for adoption by a metropolitan planning
 organization; and
 `(B) develop long-range capital plans, coordinate transit services and
 projects, and carry out other activities pursuant to State law.
 `(4) CONTINUING DESIGNATION- Designations of metropolitan planning
 organizations, whether made under this section or other provisions of law,
 shall remain in effect until redesignated under paragraph (5) or revoked by
 agreement among the Governor and units of general purpose local government
 which together represent at least 75 percent of the affected population or
 as otherwise provided under State or local procedures.
 `(5) REDESIGNATION-
 `(A) PROCEDURES- A metropolitan planning organization may be redesignated by
 agreement among the Governor and units of general purpose local government
 which together represent at least 75 percent of the affected population
 (including the central city or cities as defined by the Bureau of the Census)
 as appropriate to carry out this section.
 `(B) CERTAIN REQUESTS TO REDESIGNATE- A metropolitan planning organization
 shall be redesignated upon request of a unit or units of general purpose
 local government representing at least 25 percent of the affected population
 (including the central city or cities as defined by the Bureau of the Census)
 in any urbanized area (i) whose population is more than 5,000,000 but less
 than 10,000,000, or (ii) which is an extreme nonattainment area for ozone
 or carbon monoxide as defined under the Clean Air Act. Such redesignation
 shall be accomplished using procedures established by subparagraph (A).
 `(6) TREATMENT OF LARGE URBAN AREAS- More than 1 metropolitan planning
 organization may be designated within an urbanized area as defined by
 the Bureau of the Census only if the Governor determines that the size and
 complexity of the urbanized area make designation of more than 1 metropolitan
 planning organization for such area appropriate.
 `(c) METROPOLITAN AREA BOUNDARIES- For the purposes of this section, the
 boundaries of a metropolitan area shall be determined by agreement between
 the metropolitan planning organization and the Governor. Each metropolitan
 area shall cover at least the existing urbanized area and the contiguous
 area expected to become urbanized within the 20-year forecast period and
 may encompass the entire Metropolitan Statistical Area or Consolidated
 Metropolitan Statistical Area, as defined by the Bureau of the Census. For
 areas designated as nonattainment areas for ozone or carbon monoxide under
 the Clean Air Act, the boundaries of the metropolitan area shall at least
 include the boundaries of the nonattainment area, except as otherwise provided
 by agreement between the metropolitan planning organization and the Governor.
 `(d) COORDINATION IN MULTI-STATE AREAS-
 `(1) IN GENERAL- The Secretary shall establish such requirements as the
 Secretary considers appropriate to encourage Governors and metropolitan
 planning organizations with responsibility for a portion of a multi-State
 metropolitan area to provide coordinated transportation planning for the
 entire metropolitan area.
 `(2) COMPACTS- The consent of Congress is hereby given to any 2 or more
 States to enter into agreements or compacts, not in conflict with any law of
 the United States, for cooperative efforts and mutual assistance in support
 of activities authorized under this section as such activities pertain to
 interstate areas and localities within such States and to establish such
 agencies, joint or otherwise, as such States may deem desirable for making
 such agreements and compacts effective.
 `(e) COORDINATION OF MPO'S- If more than 1 metropolitan planning organization
 has authority within a metropolitan area or an area which is designated
 as a nonattainment area for ozone or carbon monoxide under the Clean Air
 Act, each metropolitan planning organization shall consult with the other
 metropolitan planning organizations designated for such area and the State
 in the coordination of plans and programs required by this section.
 `(f) FACTORS TO BE CONSIDERED- In developing transportation plans and programs
 pursuant to this section, each metropolitan planning organization shall,
 at a minimum, consider the following:
 `(1) Preservation of existing transportation facilities and, where practical,
 ways to meet transportation needs by using existing transportation facilities
 more efficiently.
 `(2) The consistency of transportation planning with applicable Federal,
 State, and local energy conservation programs, goals, and objectives.
 `(3) The need to relieve congestion and prevent congestion from occurring
 where it does not yet occur.
 `(4) The likely effect of transportation policy decisions on land use
 and development and the consistency of transportation plans and programs
 with the provisions of all applicable short- and long-term land use and
 development plans.
 `(5) The programming of expenditure on transportation enhancement activities
 as required in section 133.
 `(6) The effects of all transportation projects to be undertaken within
 the metropolitan area, without regard to whether such projects are publicly
 funded.
 `(7) International border crossings and access to ports, airports, intermodal
 transportation facilities, major freight distribution routes, national parks,
 recreation areas, monuments and historic sites, and military installations.
 `(8) The need for connectivity of roads within the metropolitan area with
 roads outside the metropolitan area.
 `(9) The transportation needs identified through use of the management
 systems required by section 303 of this title.
 `(10) Preservation of rights-of-way for construction of future transportation
 projects, including identification of unused rights-of-way which may be
 needed for future transportation corridors and identification of those
 corridors for which action is most needed to prevent destruction or loss.
 `(11) Methods to enhance the efficient movement of freight.
 `(12) The use of life-cycle costs in the design and engineering of bridges,
 tunnels, or pavement.
 `(13) The overall social, economic, energy, and environmental effects of
 transportation decisions.
 `(14) Methods to expand and enhance transit services and to increase the
 use of such services.
 `(15) Capital investments that would result in increased security in
 transit systems.
 `(g) DEVELOPMENT OF LONG RANGE PLAN-
 `(1) IN GENERAL- Each metropolitan planning organization shall prepare, and
 update periodically, according to a schedule that the Secretary determines
 to be appropriate, a long range plan for its metropolitan area in accordance
 with the requirements of this subsection.
 `(2) LONG RANGE PLAN- A long range plan under this section shall be in a
 form that the Secretary determines to be appropriate and shall, at a minimum:
 `(A) Identify transportation facilities (including but not necessarily
 limited to major roadways, transit, and multimodal and intermodal facilities)
 that should function as an integrated metropolitan transportation system,
 giving emphasis to those facilities that serve important national and
 regional transportation functions. In formulating the long range plan,
 the metropolitan planning organization shall consider factors described in
 subsection (f) as such factors relate to a 20-year forecast period.
 `(B) Include a financial plan that demonstrates how the long-range plan can
 be implemented, indicates resources from public and private sources that are
 reasonably expected to be made available to carry out the plan, and recommends
 any innovative financing techniques to finance needed projects and programs,
 including such techniques as value capture, tolls and congestion pricing.
 `(C) Assess capital investment and other measures necessary to--
 `(i) ensure the preservation of the existing metropolitan transportation
 system, including requirements for operational improvements, resurfacing,
 restoration, and rehabilitation of existing and future major roadways,
 as well as operations, maintenance, modernization, and rehabilitation of
 existing and future transit facilities; and
 `(ii) make the most efficient use of existing transportation facilities to
 relieve vehicular congestion and maximize the mobility of people and goods.
 `(D) Indicate as appropriate proposed transportation enhancement activities.
 `(3) COORDINATION WITH CLEAN AIR ACT AGENCIES- In metropolitan areas which
 are in nonattainment for ozone or carbon monoxide under the Clean Air Act,
 the metropolitan planning organization shall coordinate the development of a
 long range plan with the process for development of the transportation control
 measures of the State Implementation Plan required by the Clean Air Act.
 `(4) PARTICIPATION BY INTERESTED PARTIES- Before approving a long range plan,
 each metropolitan planning organization shall provide citizens, affected
 public agencies, representatives of transportation agency employees,
 private providers of transportation, and other interested parties with a
 reasonable opportunity to comment on the long range plan, in a manner that
 the Secretary deems appropriate.
 `(5) PUBLICATION OF LONG RANGE PLAN- Each long range plan prepared by a
 metropolitan planning organization shall be--
 `(i) published or otherwise made readily available for public review; and
 `(ii) submitted for information purposes to the Governor at such times and
 in such manner as the Secretary shall establish.
 `(h) TRANSPORTATION IMPROVEMENT PROGRAM-
 `(1) DEVELOPMENT- The metropolitan planning organization designated for
 a metropolitan area, in cooperation with the State and affected transit
 operators, shall develop a transportation improvement program for the area
 for which such organization is designated. In developing the program, the
 metropolitan planning organization shall provide citizens, affected public
 agencies, representatives of transportation agency employees, other affected
 employee representatives, private providers of transportation, and other
 interested parties with a reasonable opportunity to comment on the proposed
 program. The program shall be updated at least once every 2 years and shall
 be approved by the metropolitan planning organization and the Governor.
 `(2) PRIORITY OF PROJECTS- The transportation improvement program shall
 include the following:
 `(A) A priority list of projects and project segments to be carried out
 within each 3-year period after the initial adoption of the transportation
 improvement program.
 `(B) A financial plan that demonstrates how the transportation improvement
 program can be implemented, indicates resources from public and private
 sources that are reasonably expected to be made available to carry out the
 plan, and recommends any innovative financing techniques to finance needed
 projects and programs, including value capture, tolls, and congestion pricing.
 `(3) SELECTION OF PROJECTS- Except as otherwise provided in subsection
 (i)(4), project selection in metropolitan areas for projects involving
 Federal participation shall be carried out by the State in cooperation
 with the metropolitan planning organization and shall be in conformance
 with the transportation improvement program for the area.
 `(4) MAJOR CAPITAL INVESTMENTS- Not later than 6 months after the date
 of enactment of this section, the Secretary shall initiate a rulemaking
 proceeding to conform review requirements for transit projects under the
 National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 to comparable requirements under
 such Act applicable to highway projects. Nothing in this section shall be
 construed to affect the applicability of such Act to transit or highway
 projects.
 `(5) INCLUDED PROJECTS- A transportation improvement program for a
 metropolitan area developed under this subsection shall include projects
 within the area which are proposed for funding under this title and the
 Federal Transit Act and which are consistent with the long range plan
 developed under subsection (g) for the area. The program shall include
 a project, or an identified phase of a project, only if full funding can
 reasonably be anticipated to be available for the project within the time
 period contemplated for completion of the project.
 `(6) NOTICE AND COMMENT- Before approving a transportation improvement
 program, a metropolitan planning organization shall provide citizens, affected
 public agencies, representatives of transportation agency employees, private
 providers of transportation, and other interested parties with reasonable
 notice of and an opportunity to comment on the proposed program.
 `(i) TRANSPORTATION MANAGEMENT AREAS-
 `(1) DESIGNATION- The Secretary shall designate as transportation management
 areas all urbanized areas over 200,000 population. The Secretary shall
 designate any additional area as a transportation management area upon
 the request of the Governor and the metropolitan planning organization
 designated for such area or the affected local officials. Such additional
 areas shall include upon such a request the Lake Tahoe Basin as defined by
 Public Law 96-551.
 `(2) TRANSPORTATION PLANS AND PROGRAMS- Within a transportation management
 area, transportation plans and programs shall be based on a continuing and
 comprehensive transportation planning process carried out by the metropolitan
 planning organization in cooperation with the State and transit operators.
 `(3) CONGESTION MANAGEMENT SYSTEM- Within a transportation management area,
 the transportation planning process under this section shall include a
 congestion management system that provides for effective management of new
 and existing transportation facilities eligible for funding under this title
 and the Federal Transit Act through the use of travel demand reduction
 and operational management strategies. The Secretary shall establish an
 appropriate phase-in schedule for compliance with the requirements of
 this section.
 `(4) SELECTION OF PROJECTS- All projects carried out within the boundaries
 of a transportation management area with Federal participation pursuant to
 this title (excluding projects undertaken on the National Highway System
 and pursuant to the Bridge and Interstate Maintenance programs) or pursuant
 to the Federal Transit Act shall be selected by the metropolitan planning
 organization designated for such area in consultation with the State and in
 conformance with the transportation improvement program for such area and
 priorities established therein. Projects undertaken within the boundaries of
 a transportation management area on the National Highway System or pursuant
 to the Bridge and Interstate Maintenance programs shall be selected by the
 State in cooperation with the metropolitan planning organization designated
 for such area and shall be in conformance with the transportation improvement
 program for such area.
 `(5) CERTIFICATION- The Secretary shall assure that each metropolitan
 planning organization in each transportation management area is carrying
 out its responsibilities under applicable provisions of Federal law,
 and shall so certify at least once every 3 years. The Secretary may
 make such certification only if (1) a metropolitan planning organization
 is complying with the requirements of section 134 and other applicable
 requirements of Federal law, and (2) there is a transportation improvement
 program for the area that has been approved by the metropolitan planning
 organization and the Governor. If after September 30, 1993, a metropolitan
 planning organization is not certified by the Secretary, the Secretary may
 withhold, in whole or in part, the apportionment under section 104(b)(3)
 attributed to the relevant metropolitan area pursuant to section 133(d)(3)
 and capital funds apportioned under the formula program under section 9 of
 the Federal Transit Act. If a metropolitan planning organization remains
 uncertified for more than 2 consecutive years after September 30, 1994,
 20 percent of the apportionment attributed to that metropolitan area under
 section 133(d)(3) and capital funds apportioned under the formula program
 under section 9 of the Federal Transit Act shall be withheld. The withheld
 apportionments shall be restored to the metropolitan area at such time as
 the metropolitan planning organization is certified by the Secretary. The
 Secretary shall not withhold certification under this section based upon the
 policies and criteria established by a metropolitan planning organization or
 transit grant recipient for determining the feasibility of private enterprise
 participation in accordance with section 8(o) of the Federal Transit Act.
 `(j) ABBREVIATED PLANS AND PROGRAMS FOR CERTAIN AREAS- For metropolitan
 areas not designated as transportation management areas under this section,
 the Secretary may provide for the development of abbreviated metropolitan
 transportation plans and programs that the Secretary determines to be
 appropriate to achieve the purposes of this section, taking into account the
 complexity of transportation problems, including transportation related
 air quality problems, in such areas. In no event shall the Secretary
 provide abbreviated plans or programs for metropolitan areas which are in
 nonattainment for ozone or carbon monoxide under the Clean Air Act.
 `(k) TRANSFER OF FUNDS- Funds made available for a transit project under
 title 23, United States Code, shall be transferred to and administered by
 the Secretary in accordance with the requirements of this Act. Funds made
 available for a highway project under this Act shall be transferred to and
 administered by the Secretary in accordance with the requirements of title
 23, United States Code.
 `(l) ADDITIONAL REQUIREMENTS FOR CERTAIN NONATTAINMENT AREAS- Notwithstanding
 any other provisions of this Act or title 23, United States Code, for
 transportation management areas classified as nonattainment for ozone or
 carbon monoxide pursuant to the Clean Air Act, Federal funds may not be
 programmed in such area for any transit project that will result in a
 significant increase in carrying capacity for single occupant vehicles
 unless the project is part of an approved congestion management system.
 `(m) LIMITATION ON STATUTORY CONSTRUCTION- Nothing in this section shall
 be construed--
 `(1) to confer on a metropolitan planning organization the authority to
 impose legal requirements on any transportation facility, provider, or
 project not eligible under this title or the Federal Transit Act; or
 `(2) to intervene in the management of a transportation agency.
 `(n) GRANTS-
 `(1) ELIGIBILITY- The Secretary is authorized to contract for and make
 grants to States and local public bodies and agencies thereof, or enter into
 agreements with other Federal departments and agencies, for the planning,
 engineering, design, and evaluation of public transportation projects, and for
 other technical studies. Activities assisted under this section may include--
 `(A) studies relating to management, operations, capital requirements,
 and economic feasibility;
 `(B) evaluation of previously funded projects; and
 `(C) other similar or related activities preliminary to and in preparation
 for the construction, acquisition, or improved operation of facilities
 and equipment.
 `(2) CRITERIA- A grant, contract, or working agreement under this section
 shall be made in accordance with criteria established by the Secretary.
 `(o) PRIVATE ENTERPRISE- The plans and programs required by this section
 shall encourage to the maximum extent feasible the participation of private
 enterprise. Where facilities and equipment are to be acquired which are
 already being used in service in the urban areas, the program must provide
 that they shall be so improved (through modernization, extension, addition, or
 otherwise) that they will better serve the transportation needs of the area.
 `(p) USE FOR COMPREHENSIVE PLANNING-
 `(1) IN GENERAL- The Secretary shall ensure, to the extent practicable, that
 amounts made available under section 21(c)(1) for the purposes of this section
 are used to support balanced and comprehensive transportation planning that
 takes into account the relationships among land use and all transportation
 modes, without regard to the programmatic source of the planning funds.
 `(2) FORMULA ALLOCATION TO ALL METROPOLITAN AREAS- The Secretary shall
 apportion 80 percent of the amount made available under section 21(c)(1)
 to States in the ratio that the population in urbanized areas, in each
 State, bears to the total population in urbanized areas, in all the States
 as shown by the latest available decennial census, except that no State
 shall receive less than  1/2  of 1 percent of the amount apportioned under
 this paragraph. Such funds shall be allocated to metropolitan planning
 organizations designated under section 8 by a formula, developed by the
 State in cooperation with metropolitan planning organizations and approved by
 the Secretary, that considers population in urbanized areas and provides an
 appropriate distribution for urbanized areas to carry out the cooperative
 processes described in section 8 of this Act. The State shall make such
 funds available promptly to eligible metropolitan planning organizations
 according to procedures approved by the Secretary.
 `(3) SUPPLEMENTAL ALLOCATION- The Secretary shall apportion 20 percent
 of the amounts made available under section 21(c)(1) to States to
 supplement allocations under subparagraph (B) for metropolitan planning
 organizations. Such funds shall be allocated according to a formula that
 reflects the additional costs of carrying out planning, programming, and
 project selection responsibilities under this section in such areas.
 `(4) HOLD HARMLESS- The Secretary shall ensure, to the maximum extent
 practicable, that no metropolitan planning organization is allocated less
 than the amount it received by administrative formula under section 8 in
 fiscal year 1991. To comply with the previous sentence, the Secretary is
 authorized to make a pro rata reduction in other amounts made available to
 carry out section 21(c).
 `(5) FEDERAL SHARE PAYABLE- The Federal share payable for activities under
 this paragraph shall be 80 percent except where the Secretary determines
 that it is in the Federal interest not to require a State or local match.'.
SEC. 3013. BLOCK GRANT PROGRAM.
 (a) ALLOCATIONS- Section 9(a) is amended--
 (1) in paragraph (1), by striking `Of the amount' and all that follows through
 the period and inserting the following: `Of the amounts made available
 or appropriated under section 21(g), 9.32 percent shall be available for
 expenditure under this section in each fiscal year only in urbanized areas
 with a population of less than 200,000.'; and
 (2) in paragraph (2), by striking `Of the amount' and all that follows through
 the period and inserting the following: `Of the amounts made available
 or appropriated under section 21(g), 90.68 percent shall be available for
 expenditure under this section in each fiscal year only in urbanized areas
 with a population of 200,000 or more.'.
 (b) ENERGY AND OPERATING EFFICIENCIES- Section 9(b) is amended by adding
 at the end the following new paragraph:
 `(4) ENERGY AND OPERATING EFFICIENCIES- If a recipient under this section
 demonstrates to the satisfaction of the Secretary that energy or operating
 efficiencies would be achieved by actions that reduce revenue vehicle miles
 but provide the same frequency of revenue service to the same number of
 riders, the recipient's apportionment under paragraph (2)(A) shall not be
 reduced as a result of such actions.'.
 (c) EXTENSION OF SAFETY AUTHORITY TO BLOCK GRANT PROGRAM- Section 9(e)(1)
 is amended by striking `and 19' and inserting `19, and 22'.
 (d) ANNUAL SUBMISSIONS- Section 9(e)(2) is amended by inserting after the
 first sentence the following new sentences: `Such certifications and any
 additional certifications required by law to be submitted to the Secretary
 may be consolidated into a single document to be submitted annually as part
 of the grant application under this section. The Secretary shall annually
 publish in conjunction with the publication required under subsection (q)
 a list of all certifications required under this Act.'.
 (e) STREAMLINED PROCEDURES- Section 9(e) is amended by adding at the end
 the following new paragraph:
 `(6) STREAMLINED ADMINISTRATIVE PROCEDURES- The Secretary shall establish
 streamlined administrative procedures to govern compliance with the
 certification requirement under paragraph (3)(B) with respect to track and
 signal equipment used in ongoing operations.'.
 (f) TRANSIT SECURITY SYSTEMS- Section 9(e)(3) is amended--
 (1) in subparagraph (G) by striking `; and' and inserting a semicolon;
 (2) in subparagraph (H) by striking the period at the end and inserting `;
 and'; and
 (3) by adding at the end the following:
 `(I)(i) will expend for each fiscal year not less than 1 percent of the
 funds received by the recipient for each fiscal year under this section
 for transit security projects; or
 `(ii) that such expenditures for such security systems are not necessary.
For the purposes of subparagraph (I), transit security projects may include
increasing lighting within or adjacent to transit systems, including bus stops,
subway stations, parking lots, and garages; increasing camera surveillance
of areas within and adjacent to such systems; providing emergency telephone
lines to contact law enforcement or security personnel in areas within or
adjacent to such systems; and any other project intended to increase the
security and safety of existing or planned transit systems.'.
 (g) PROGRAM OF PROJECTS- Section 9(f) is amended--
 (1) by striking `and' at the end of paragraph (3);
 (2) by striking the period at the end of paragraph (4) and inserting `;
 and'; and
 (3) by inserting after paragraph (4) the following:
 `(5) assure that the proposed program of projects provides for the
 coordination of transit services assisted under this section with
 transportation services assisted from other Federal sources.'.
 (h) DISCRETIONARY TRANSFER OF APPORTIONMENT- Section 9 is amended--
 (1) in subsection (j)(1), by inserting after the first sentence the following:
 `In a transportation management area designated pursuant to section 8,
 funds which cannot be used for payment of operating expenses under this
 section also shall be available for highway projects if--
 `(A) such use is approved by the metropolitan planning organization in
 accordance with section 8 after appropriate notice and opportunity for
 comment and appeal is provided to affected transit providers; and
 `(B) in the determination of the Secretary, such funds are not needed for
 investments required by the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990.'; and
 (2) by adding at the end of subsection (j) the following new paragraph:
 `(3) Funds under this section may be available for highway projects under
 title 23, United States Code, only if funds used for the State or local
 share of such highway projects are eligible to fund either highway or
 transit projects.'.
 (i) INFLATION ADJUSTMENT FOR OPERATING ASSISTANCE- Section 9(k)(2)(B)
 is amended--
 (1) by striking `1988,' and inserting `1991,';
 (2) by striking `of less than 200,000 population' the first place it
 appears; and
 (3) by inserting after `calendar year' the following: `; except that such
 increase may not exceed the percentage increase of the funds made available
 under section 21(g) in the current fiscal year and the funds made available
 under section 21(g) in the previous fiscal year'.
 (j) FERRY ROUTES- Section 9 is amended by adding at the end the following
 new subsections:
 `(r) FERRY SERVICES- A vessel used in ferryboat operations funded under
 this section that is part of a State-operated ferry system may occasionally
 be operated outside of the urbanized area in which service is provided to
 accommodate periodic maintenance if existing ferry service is not thereby
 significantly reduced.
 `(s) GRANDFATHER OF CERTAIN URBANIZED AREAS- Any area designated as an
 urbanized area under the 1980 census which is not so designated under the
 1990 census--
 `(1) for fiscal year 1992, shall be treated as an urbanized area for purposes
 of section 12(c)(11) of the Federal Transit Act; and
 `(2) for fiscal year 1993, shall be eligible to receive 50 percent of the
 funds which the area would have received if the area were treated as an
 urbanized area for purposes of such section 12(c)(11) and an amount equal
 to 50 percent of the funds which the State in which the area is located
 would have received if the area were treated as an area other than an
 urbanized area.'.
 (k) ADJUSTMENTS OF APPORTIONMENTS- Section 9 is amended by adding at the
 end the following new subsection:
 `(t) ADJUSTMENTS OF APPORTIONMENTS- Provided that sufficient funds are
 available, in each fiscal year beginning after September 30, 1991, the
 Secretary shall adjust apportionments under this section between the Mass
 Transit Account of the Highway Trust Fund and the general fund of the Treasury
 to assure that each recipient receives from the general fund of the Treasury
 not less than the amount of operating assistance made available each fiscal
 year under this section that such recipient is eligible to receive.'.
SEC. 3014. CONTINUED ASSISTANCE FOR COMMUTER RAIL IN SOUTHERN FLORIDA UNDER
SECTION 9 PROGRAM.
 Section 329 of the Surface Transportation and Uniform Relocation Assistance
 Act of 1987 (49 U.S.C. 1607a) is amended--
 (1) in the first sentence by striking `in which major onsite' and all that
 follows before the period; and
 (2) in the second sentence by striking `provided as' and all that follows
 before the period.
SEC. 3015. REPEAL OF EXPIRED PROVISION.
 Section 9A, relating to Mass Transit Account distribution for fiscal year
 1983, is repealed.
SEC. 3016. TRANSIT DEFINITION.
 Section 12(c)(7) is amended--
 (1) by striking `term' and inserting `terms'; and
 (2) by striking `means' and inserting `and `transit' mean'.
SEC. 3017. RULEMAKING.
 Section 12(i) is amended by adding at the end the following:
 `(3) LIMITATION- The Secretary shall propose or implement rules governing
 activities under this Act only in accordance with this section except for
 routine matters and matters with no significant impact.'.
SEC. 3018. TRANSFER OF FACILITIES AND EQUIPMENT.
 Section 12 is amended by adding at the end the following new subsection:
 `(k) TRANSFER OF CAPITAL ASSET-
 `(1) AUTHORIZATION- If a recipient of assistance under this Act determines
 that facilities and equipment and other assets (including land) acquired,
 in whole or part, with such assistance are no longer needed for the purposes
 for which they were acquired, the Secretary may authorize the transfer of
 such assets to any public body to be used for any public purpose with no
 further obligation to the Federal Government.
 `(2) DETERMINATIONS- The Secretary may authorize a transfer under paragraph
 (1) for any public purpose other than transit only if the Secretary first
 determines--
 `(A) that the asset being transferred will remain in public use for not
 less than 5 years after the date of the transfer;
 `(B) that there are no purposes eligible for assistance under this Act for
 which the asset should be used;
 `(C) the overall benefit of allowing the transfer outweighs the Federal
 Government interest in liquidation and return of the Federal financial
 interest in the asset, after consideration of fair market value and other
 factors; and
 `(D) that, in any case in which the asset is a facility or land, there is
 no interest in acquiring the asset for Federal use.
The determination under subparagraph (D) shall be made through an appropriate
screening or survey process.
 `(3) DOCUMENTATION- Determinations required by paragraph (2) shall be made,
 in writing, and shall include the rationale for such determinations.
 `(4) RELATION TO OTHER PROVISIONS- The provisions of this section shall be
 in addition to and not in lieu of any other provision of law governing use
 and disposition of facilities and equipment under an assistance agreement.'.
SEC. 3019. SPECIAL PROCUREMENT.
 Section 12 is further amended by adding at the end the following:
 `(l) SPECIAL PROCUREMENT INITIATIVES-
 `(1) TURNKEY SYSTEM PROCUREMENTS-
 `(A) IN GENERAL- In order to advance new technologies and lower the cost of
 constructing new transit systems, the Secretary shall allow the solicitation
 for a turnkey system project to be funded under this Act to be conditionally
 awarded before Federal requirements have been met on the project so long
 as the award is made without prejudice to the implementation of those
 Federal requirements. Federal financial assistance under this Act may be
 made available for such a project when the recipient has complied with
 relevant Federal requirements.
 `(B) INITIAL DEMONSTRATION PHASE- In order to develop regulations applying
 generally to turnkey system projects, the Secretary is authorized to approve
 not less than 2 projects for an initial demonstration phase. The results of
 such demonstration projects (and any other projects currently using this
 procurement method)  shall be taken into consideration in the development
 of the regulations implementing this subsection.
 `(C) TURNKEY SYSTEM PROJECT DEFINED- As used in this subsection, the term
 `turnkey system project' means a project under which a recipient contracts
 with a consortium of firms, individual firms, or a vendor to build a transit
 system that meets specific performance criteria and which is operated by
 the vendor for a period of time.
 `(2) MULTIYEAR ROLLING STOCK PROCUREMENTS-
 `(A) IN GENERAL- A recipient procuring rolling stock with Federal financial
 assistance under this Act may enter into a multiyear agreement for the
 purchase of such rolling stock and replacement parts pursuant to which the
 recipient may exercise an option to purchase additional rolling stock or
 replacement parts for a period not to exceed 5 years from the date of the
 original contract.
 `(B) CONSORTIA- The Secretary shall permit 2 or more recipients to form
 a consortium (or otherwise act on a cooperative basis) for purposes of
 procuring rolling stock in accordance with this paragraph and other Federal
 procurement requirements.
 `(3) EFFICIENT PROCUREMENT- A recipient may award to other than the lowest
 bidder in connection with a procurement under this Act when such award
 furthers objectives which are consistent with purposes of this Act, such
 as improved long-term operating efficiency and lower long-term costs. Not
 later than 90 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary
 shall (A) make such modifications to current procedures as are appropriate
 to make the policy set forth in this paragraph readily practicable for
 all transit agencies, including smaller and medium sized agencies, and (B)
 issue guidance clarifying and implementing such policy.'.
SEC. 3020. FEDERAL SHARE FOR ADA AND CLEAN AIR ACT COMPLIANCE.
 Section 12 is further amended by inserting at the end the following new
 subsection:
 `(m) FEDERAL SHARE FOR CERTAIN PROJECTS- A Federal grant for a project to
 be assisted under this Act that involves the acquisition of vehicle-related
 equipment required by the Clean Air Act or the Americans with Disabilities
 Act of 1990 shall be 90 percent of the net project cost of such equipment
 attributable to compliance with such Acts. The Secretary shall have
 discretion to determine, through practicable administrative procedures,
 the costs attributable to equipment specified in the preceding sentence.'.
SEC. 3021. TRANSIT SERVICES FOR ELDERLY AND DISABLED INDIVIDUALS.
 Section 16 is amended--
 (1) by striking `elderly and handicapped persons' each place it appears
 and inserting `elderly persons and persons with disabilities';
 (2) in subsection (b)(2) by inserting `to the Governor of each State for
 allocation' before `to private';
 (3) in subsection (b)(2) by inserting `or to public bodies approved by
 the State to coordinate services for elderly persons and persons with
 disabilities or to public bodies which certify to the Governor that no
 nonprofit corporations or associations are readily available in an area to
 provide the service under this subsection' after `inappropriate';
 (4) by striking `and' at the end of subsection (b)(1), by striking the
 period at the end of subsection (b)(2) and inserting `; and',  and by
 inserting after subsection (b)(2) the following:
 `(3) eligible capital expenses under this section may include, at the option
 of the recipient, the acquisition of transportation services under a contract,
 lease, or other arrangement.';
 (5) by redesignating subsections (c) through (e) as subsections (d) through
 (f), respectively;
 (6) by inserting after subsection (b) the following:
 `(c) APPORTIONMENT AND USE OF FUNDS-
 `(1) STATE PROGRAM OF PROJECTS- Funds made available for purposes of
 subsection (b) may be used for transportation projects to assist in the
 provision of transportation services for elderly persons and persons with
 disabilities which are included in a State program of projects. Such programs
 shall be submitted annually to the Secretary for approval and shall contain
 an assurance that the program provides for maximum feasible coordination
 of transportation services assisted under this section with transportation
 services assisted by other Federal sources.
 `(2) APPORTIONMENT- Sums made available for expenditure for purposes of
 subsection (b) shall be apportioned to the States on the basis of a formula
 administered by the Secretary which shall take into consideration the number
 of elderly persons and persons with disabilities in each State.
 `(3) TRANSFER OF AMOUNTS- Any amounts of a State's apportionment under
 this subsection that remain available for obligation at the beginning of
 the 90-day period before the expiration of the period of availability of
 such amounts shall be available to the Governor for transfer to supplement
 funds apportioned to the State under section 18(a) or section 9(d).
 `(4) LEASING OF VEHICLES- The Secretary shall, not later than 60 days
 following the enactment of the Federal Transit Act, issue regulations to allow
 vehicles purchased under this section to be leased to local public bodies
 and agencies for the purpose of improving transportation services designed to
 meet the special needs of elderly persons and persons with disabilities.'; and
 (7) by striking subsection (f), as redesignated by this section, and
 inserting the following:
 `(f) MEAL DELIVERY SERVICE TO HOMEBOUND PERSONS- Transit service providers
 receiving assistance under this section or section 18(a) may coordinate and
 assist in providing meal delivery service for homebound persons on a regular
 basis if the meal delivery services do not conflict with the provision of
 transit services or result in a reduction of service to transit passengers.'.
SEC. 3022. TRANSFER OF FACILITIES AND EQUIPMENT.
 Section 18 is amended by striking subsection (g) and inserting the following:
 `(g) TRANSFER OF FACILITIES AND EQUIPMENT- A State may transfer facilities
 and equipment acquired with assistance under this section or section 16(b) to
 any recipient eligible to receive assistance under this Act with the consent
 of the recipient currently in possession of such facilities or equipment,
 if the facility or equipment will continue to be used in accordance with
 the requirements of this section or section 16(b), as the case may be.'.
SEC. 3023. INTERCITY BUS TRANSPORTATION.
 Section 18 is further amended by adding at the end the following new
 subsection:
 `(i) INTERCITY BUS TRANSPORTATION-
 `(1) FUNDING OF PROGRAM- Subject to paragraph (2), a State shall expend
 not less than 5 percent of the amounts made available to such State under
 this section in fiscal year 1992, 10 percent of such amounts in fiscal year
 1993, and 15 percent of such amounts in fiscal year 1994 and each fiscal
 year beginning thereafter to carry out a program for the development and
 support of intercity bus transportation. Eligible activities under such a
 program include planning and marketing for intercity bus transportation,
 capital grants for intercity bus shelters, joint-use stops and depots,
 operating grants through purchase-of-service agreements, user-side subsidies
 and demonstration projects, and coordination of rural connections between
 small transit operations and intercity bus carriers.
 `(2) CERTIFICATION- A State shall not be required to comply with paragraph
 (1) in any fiscal year in which the Governor certifies to the Secretary
 that the intercity bus service needs of the State are being adequately met.
 `(3) SPECIAL RULE- For fiscal year 1992, a State may meet the requirement of
 paragraph (1) by expending to carry out the program described in paragraph
 (1) at least 50 percent of the increase in the amount allocated to the
 State under this section between fiscal year 1991 and fiscal year 1992.'.
SEC. 3024. USE OF POPULATION ESTIMATES.
 Section 18(a) is amended in the second sentence by inserting after `the
 latest available Federal census' the following: `, the population estimate
 prepared by the Secretary of Commerce following the 4th year after the
 date of publication of such Federal census, or the population estimate
 prepared by the Secretary of Commerce following the 8th year after such
 date of publication, whichever is the most recent.'.
SEC. 3025. AUTHORIZATIONS.
 Section 21 is amended to read as follows:
`SEC. 21. AUTHORIZATIONS.
 `(a) FORMULA GRANT PROGRAMS-
 `(1) FROM THE TRUST FUND- There shall be available from the Mass Transit
 Account of the Highway Trust Fund only to carry out sections 9B, 11(b),
 12(a), 16(b), 18, 23, and 26 of this Act, $1,150,000,000 for fiscal year
 1993, $1,190,000,000 for fiscal year 1994, $1,150,000,000 for fiscal year
 1995, $1,110,000,000 for fiscal year 1996, and $1,920,000,000 for fiscal
 year 1997, to remain available until expended.
 `(2) FROM GENERAL FUNDS- In addition to the amounts specified in paragraph
 (1), there are authorized to be appropriated to carry out sections 9, 11(b),
 12(a), 16(b), 18, 23, and 26 of this Act, and substitute transit projects
 under section 103(e)(4) of title 23, United States Code, $2,055,000,000 for
 fiscal year 1993, $1,885,000,000 for fiscal year 1994, $1,925,000,000 for
 fiscal year 1995, $1,965,000,000 for fiscal year 1996, and $2,430,000,000
 for fiscal year 1997, to remain available until expended.
 `(3) FISCAL YEAR 1992- There shall be available from the Mass Transit
 Account of the Highway Trust Fund for fiscal year 1992, $409,710,000 to
 carry out section 9B of this Act, to remain available until expended.
 `(b) SECTION 3 DISCRETIONARY AND FORMULA GRANTS-
 `(1) FROM THE TRUST FUND- There shall be available from the Mass Transit
 Account of the Highway Trust Fund only to carry out section 3 of this Act,
 $1,725,000,000 for fiscal year 1993, $1,785,000,000 for fiscal year 1994,
 $1,725,000,000 for fiscal year 1995, $1,665,000,000 for fiscal year 1996,
 and $2,880,000,000 for fiscal year 1997, to remain available until expended.
 `(2) FROM GENERAL FUNDS- In addition to the amounts specified in paragraph
 (1), there are authorized to be appropriated to carry out section 3 of this
 Act, $305,000,000 for fiscal year 1993, $265,000,000 for fiscal year 1994,
 $325,000,000 for fiscal year 1995, $385,000,000 for fiscal year 1996,
 and $20,000,000 for fiscal year 1997, to remain available until expended.
 `(3) FISCAL YEAR 1992- There shall be available from the Mass Transit
 Account of the Highway Trust Fund for fiscal year 1992--
 `(A) $1,345,000,000 to carry out section 3 of this Act;
 `(B) $43,780,000 to carry out section 8 of this Act;
 `(C) $55,000,000 to carry out section 16 of this Act;
 `(D) $19,460,000 to carry out section 26(a) of this Act;
 `(E) $20,050,000 to carry out section 26(b) of this Act, of which $12,000,000
 shall be available only for part C of title VI of the Intermodal Surface
 Transportation Efficiency Act of 1991; and
 `(F) $7,000,000 to carry out section 11(b) of this Act.
Such sums shall remain available until expended.
 `(4) CONTRACTUAL OBLIGATIONS- Approval by the Secretary of a grant or contract
 with funds made available under subsection (a)(1), (a)(3), (b)(1), or (b)(3)
 shall be deemed a contractual obligation of the United States for payment
 of the Federal share of the cost of the project. Approval by the Secretary
 of a grant or contract with funds made available under subsection (a)(2)
 or (b)(2) shall be deemed a contractual obligation of the United States for
 payment of the Federal share of the cost of the project only to the extent
 that amounts are provided in advance in appropriations Acts.
 `(c) SET-ASIDE FOR PLANNING, PROGRAMMING, AND RESEARCH- Before apportionment
 in each fiscal year of the funds made available or appropriated under
 subsection 8(p), an amount equivalent to 3.0 percent of funds made available
 or appropriated under subsections (a) and (b) shall be made available until
 expended as follows:
 `(1) 45 percent of such funds shall be made available for metropolitan
 planning activities under section 8(f);
 `(2) 5 percent of such funds shall be made available to carry out section
 18(h);
 `(3) 20 percent of such funds shall be made available to carry out the
 State program under section 26(a); and
 `(4) 30 percent of such funds shall be made available to carry out the
 national program under section 26(b).
 `(d) OTHER SET-ASIDES- Before apportionment in each fiscal year of the
 funds made available or appropriated under subsection (a), of the funds
 made available or appropriated under subsections (a) and (b)--
 `(1) not to exceed an amount equivalent to .96 percent shall be available
 for administrative expenses to carry out section 12(a) of this Act and
 shall be available until expended;
 `(2) not to exceed an amount equivalent to 1.34 percent shall be available
 for transportation services to elderly persons and persons with disabilities
 pursuant to the formula under section 16(b) of this Act and shall be
 available until expended; and
 `(3) $7,000,000 shall be available for the purposes of section 11(b)
 relating to university transportation centers for each of fiscal years 1993
 through 1996.
 `(e) COMPLETION OF INTERSTATE TRANSFER TRANSIT PROJECTS- Of the amounts
 remaining available each year under subsections (a) and (b), after allocation
 pursuant to subsections (c) and (d), for substitute transit projects under
 section 103(e)(4) of title 23, United States Code, there shall be available
 $160,000,000 for fiscal year 1992 and $164,843,000 for fiscal year 1993.
 `(f) SET-ASIDE FOR RURAL TRANSPORTATION- An amount equivalent to 5.5 percent
 of the amounts remaining available each year under subsection (a), after
 allocation pursuant to subsections (c), (d), and (e), shall be available
 pursuant to the formula under section 18. Such sums shall remain available
 until expended.
 `(g) SECTION 9 FUNDING- The funds remaining available each year under
 subsection (a), after allocation pursuant to subsections (c), (d), (e) and
 (f), shall be available under section 9.'.
SEC. 3026. REPORT ON SAFETY CONDITIONS IN MASS TRANSIT.
 Section 22 is amended--
 (1) by inserting `(a) IN GENERAL- ' after `SEC. 22.'; and
 (2) by adding at the end a new subsection as follows:
 `(b) REPORT- Not later than 180 days after the date of the enactment of this
 subsection, the Secretary shall transmit to Congress a report containing--
 `(1) actions taken to identify and investigate conditions in any facility,
 equipment, or manner of operation as part of the findings and determinations
 required of the Secretary in providing grants and loans under this Act;
 `(2) actions taken by the Secretary to correct or eliminate any conditions
 found to create a serious hazard of death or injury as a condition for
 making funds available through grants and loans under this Act;
 `(3) a summary of all passenger-related deaths and injuries resulting from
 unsafe conditions in any facility, equipment, or manner of operation of
 such facilities and equipment financed in whole or in part under this Act;
 `(4) a summary of all employee-related deaths and injuries resulting from
 unsafe conditions in any facility, equipment, or manner of operation of
 such facilities and equipment financed in whole or in part under this Act;
 `(5) a summary of all actions taken by the Secretary to correct or eliminate
 the unsafe conditions to which such deaths and injuries were attributed;
 `(6) a summary of those actions taken by the Secretary to alert transit
 operators of the nature of the unsafe conditions which were found to create
 a serious hazard of death or injury; and
 `(7) recommendations to the Congress by the Secretary of any legislative or
 administrative actions necessary to ensure that all recipients of funds under
 this Act will institute the best means available to correct or eliminate
 hazards of death or injury, including--
 `(A) a timetable for instituting actions,
 `(B) an estimate of the capital and operating cost to take such actions, and
 `(C) minimum standards for establishing and implementing safety plans by
 recipients of funds under this Act.'.
SEC. 3027. PROJECT MANAGEMENT OVERSIGHT.
 Section 23(a) is amended--
 (1) by striking paragraphs (1) through (5);
 (2) by striking ` 1/2  of 1 percent of--' and inserting the following:
` 1/2  of 1 percent of the funds made available for any fiscal year to carry
out sections 3, 9, or 18 of this Act, or interstate transfer transit projects
under section 103(e)(4) of title 23, United States Code, as in effect on
September 30, 1991, or a project under the National Capital Transportation Act
of 1969 to contract with any person to oversee the construction of any major
project under any such section. In addition to such amounts, the Secretary may
as necessary use not more than  1/4  of 1 percent of the funds made available
in any fiscal year to carry out a major project under section 3 to contract
with any person to oversee the construction of such major project.'.
SEC. 3028. NEEDS SURVEY.
 The Act is amended by inserting after section 26 the following new section:
`SEC. 27. NEEDS SURVEY AND TRANSFERABILITY STUDY.
 `(a) NEEDS SURVEY- In January 1993 and in January of every second year
 thereafter, the Comptroller General shall transmit to the Committee on
 Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs of the Senate and the Committee on
 Public Works and Transportation of the House of Representatives a report
 containing an evaluation of the extent to which current transit needs are
 adequately addressed and an estimate of the future transit needs of the
 Nation, including transit needs in rural areas (particularly access to
 health care facilities). Such report shall include the following:
 `(1) An assessment of needs related to rail modernization, guideway
 modernization, replacement, rehabilitation, and purchase of buses and related
 equipment, construction of bus related facilities, and construction of new
 fixed guideway systems and extensions to fixed guideway systems.
 `(2) A 5-year projection of the maintenance and modernization needs that
 will result from aging of existing equipment and facilities, including the
 need to overhaul or replace existing bus fleets and rolling stock used on
 fixed guideway systems.
 `(3) A 5-year projection of the need to invest in the expansion of existing
 transit systems to meet changing economic, commuter, and residential patterns.
 `(4) An estimate of the level of expenditure needed to satisfy the needs
 identified above.
 `(5) An examination of existing Federal, State, and local resources as
 well as private resources that are or can reasonably be expected to be made
 available to support public transit.
 `(6) The gap between the level of expenditure estimated under paragraph (4)
 and the level of resources available to meet such needs identified under
 paragraph (5).
 `(b) TRANSFERABILITY STUDY-
 `(1) IN GENERAL- In January 1993 and in January of every second year
 thereafter, the Comptroller General shall transmit to the Committee on
 Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs of the Senate and the Committee on
 Public Works and Transportation of the House of Representatives a report
 on implementation of the transferability provisions of section 9(j)(3)
 of this Act.
 `(2) CONTENTS- The report shall identify, by State, the amount of transit
 funds transferred for nontransit purposes under such sections during the
 previous fiscal year and shall include an assessment of the impact of such
 transfers on the transit needs of individuals and communities within the
 State. Specifically, the report shall assess the impact of such transfers
 (A) on the State's ability to meet the transit needs of elderly individuals
 and individuals with disabilities, (B) on efforts to meet the objectives of
 the Americans With Disabilities Act of 1990 and the Clean Air Act, and (C)
 on the State's efforts to extend public transit services to unserved rural
 areas. The report shall also include an examination of the relative levels of
 Federal transit assistance and services in urban and rural areas in fiscal
 year 1991 and the extent to which such assistance and service has increased
 or decreased in subsequent fiscal years as a result of transit resources
 made available under this Act and the Intermodal Surface Transportation
 Efficiency Act of 1991.'.
SEC. 3029. STATE RESPONSIBILITY FOR FIXED GUIDEWAY SYSTEM SAFETY.
 The Act is amended by inserting after section 27 the following new section:
`SEC. 28. STATE RESPONSIBILITY FOR FIXED GUIDEWAY SYSTEM SAFETY.
 `(a) WITHHOLDING OF FUNDS FOR NONCOMPLIANCE- The Secretary may withhold up to
 5 percent of the amount required to be apportioned for use in any State or
 urbanized area in such State under section 9 for any fiscal year beginning
 after September 30, 1994, if the State in the previous fiscal year has not
 met the requirements of subsection (b) and the Secretary determines that
 the State is not making adequate efforts to comply with such subsection.
 `(b) STATE REQUIREMENTS- A State meets the requirements of this section if--
 `(1) the State establishes and is implementing a safety program plan for
 each fixed guideway transit system in the State which establishes, at a
 minimum, safety requirements, lines of authority, levels of responsibility
 and accountability, and methods of documentation for such system;
 `(2) the State designates an agency of the State with responsibility to--
 `(A) require, review and approve, and monitor implementation of such
 plans; and
 `(B) investigate hazardous conditions and accidents on such systems and
 require corrective actions to correct or eliminate such conditions; and
 `(3) in any case in which more than 1 State would be subject to this section
 in connection with a single transit agency, the affected States may designate
 an entity other than the transit agency to ensure uniform safety standards
 and enforcement and to meet the requirements of this subsection.
 `(c) PERIOD OF AVAILABILITY; EFFECT OF COMPLIANCE AND NONCOMPLIANCE-
 `(1) PERIOD OF AVAILABILITY OF WITHHELD FUNDS- Any funds withheld under
 subsection (a) from apportionment for use in any State in a fiscal year,
 shall remain available for apportionment for use in such State until the
 end of the second fiscal year following the fiscal year for which such
 funds are authorized to be appropriated.
 `(2) APPORTIONMENT OF WITHHELD FUNDS AFTER COMPLIANCE- If, before the
 last day of the period for which funds withheld under subsection (a) from
 apportionment are to remain available for apportionment for use in a State
 under paragraph (1), the State meets the requirements of subsection (b), the
 Secretary shall, on the first day on which the State meets the requirements
 of subsection (b), apportion to the State the funds withheld under subsection
 (a) that remain available for apportionment for use in the State.
 `(3) PERIOD OF AVAILABILITY OF SUBSEQUENTLY APPORTIONED FUNDS- Any funds
 apportioned pursuant to paragraph (2) shall remain available for expenditure
 until the end of the third fiscal year succeeding the fiscal year in which
 such funds are apportioned pursuant to paragraph (2). Sums not obligated at
 the end of such period shall be apportioned for use in other States under
 section 9 of this Act.
 `(4) EFFECT OF NONCOMPLIANCE- If, at the end of the period for which
 funds withheld under subsection (a) from apportionment are available for
 apportionment for use in a State under paragraph (1), the State does not
 meet the requirements of subsection (b), such funds shall be apportioned
 for use in other States under section 9 of this Act.
 `(d) LIMITATION ON APPLICABILITY- This section only applies to States that
 have rail fixed guideway mass transportation systems which are not subject
 to regulation by the Federal Railroad Administration.
 `(e) REGULATIONS- Not later than 1 year after the date of the enactment
 of this section, the Secretary shall issue regulations which set forth the
 requirements for complying with subsection (b).'.
SEC. 3030. PLANNING AND RESEARCH.
 The Act is amended by inserting after section 25 the following:
`SEC. 26. PLANNING AND RESEARCH PROGRAM.
 `(a) STATE PROGRAM- The funds made available under section 21(c)(3) shall
 be available for State programs as follows:
 `(1) TRANSIT COOPERATIVE RESEARCH PROGRAM- 50 percent of that amount shall
 be available for the transit cooperative research program to be administered
 as follows:
 `(A) INDEPENDENT GOVERNING BOARD- The Secretary shall establish an independent
 governing board for such program to recommend mass transportation research,
 development, and technology transfer activities as the Secretary deems
 appropriate.
 `(B) NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES- The Secretary may make grants to, and
 enter into cooperative agreements with, the National Academy of Sciences
 to carry out such activities as the Secretary determines are appropriate.
 `(2) STATE PLANNING AND RESEARCH- The remaining 50 percent of that amount
 shall be apportioned to the States for grants and contracts consistent with
 the purposes of sections 6, 8, 10, 11, and 20 of this Act.
 `(A) APPORTIONMENT FORMULA- Amounts shall be apportioned to the States in
 the ratio which the population in urbanized areas in each State bears to
 the total population in urbanized areas, in all the States as shown by the
 latest available decennial census, except that no State shall receive less
 than  1/2  of 1 percent of the amount apportioned under this section.
 `(B) ALLOCATION WITHIN A STATE- A State may authorize a portion of its
 funds made available under this subsection to be used to supplement funds
 available under subsection (a)(1), as the State deems appropriate.
 `(b) NATIONAL PROGRAM-
 `(1) IN GENERAL- The funds made available under section 21(c)(4), shall
 be available to the Secretary for grants or contracts for the purposes of
 section 6, 8, 10, 11, or 20 of this Act, as the Secretary deems appropriate.
 `(2) COMPLIANCE WITH ADA- Of the amounts available under paragraph (1),
 the Secretary shall make available not less than $2,000,000 to provide
 transit-related technical assistance, demonstration programs, research, public
 education, and other activities that the Secretary deems appropriate to help
 transit providers achieve compliance with the Americans with Disabilities
 Act of 1990. To the extent practicable, the Secretary shall carry out
 this subsection through contract with a national nonprofit organization
 serving persons with disabilities with demonstrated capacity to carry out
 these activities.
 `(3) SPECIAL INITIATIVES- Of the amounts available under paragraph (1),
 an amount not to exceed 25 percent shall be available to the Secretary
 for special demonstration initiatives subject to such terms, conditions,
 requirements, and provisions as the Secretary deems consistent with the
 requirements of this Act, except that the provisions of section 3(e)(4)
 shall apply to operational grants funded for purposes of section 6. For
 nonrenewable grants that do not exceed $100,000, the Secretary shall provide
 expedited procedures governing compliance with requirements of this Act.
 `(4) TECHNOLOGY DEVELOPMENT-
 `(A) PROGRAM- The Secretary is authorized to undertake a program of transit
 technology development in coordination with affected entities.
 `(B) INDUSTRY TECHNICAL PANEL- The Secretary shall establish an Industry
 Technical Panel consisting of representatives of transportation suppliers
 and operators and others involved in technology development. A majority of
 the Panel members shall represent the supply industry. The Panel shall assist
 the Secretary in the identification of priority technology development areas
 and in establishing guidelines for project development, project cost sharing,
 and project execution.
 `(C) GUIDELINES- The Secretary shall develop guidelines for cost sharing in
 technology development projects funded under this section. Such guidelines
 shall be flexible in nature and reflect the extent of technical risk,
 market risk, and anticipated supplier benefits and pay back periods.
 `(5) ADVANCED FARE COLLECTION TECHNOLOGY PILOT PROJECT- From amounts
 authorized under section 21(c)(4), the Secretary shall make available
 $1,000,000 in fiscal year 1992 for the purpose of conducting a pilot project
 to evaluate, develop, and test advanced fare technology systems. Such
 project shall be carried out by the Washington Metropolitan Transit Authority.
 `(6) INERTIAL NAVIGATION TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER-
 `(A) PROJECT- There is authorized to be appropriated from amounts made
 available under section 21(c), $1,000,000 for fiscal year 1992 to support
 an inertial navigation system demonstration project for the purpose of
 determining the safety, economic, and environmental benefits of deploying
 inertial navigation tracking and control systems in urban and rural
 environments.
 `(B) PUBLIC-PRIVATE SECTOR PARTICIPANTS- The project described in subparagraph
 (A) shall be conducted by the Transit Safety Research Alliance, a nonprofit
 public-private sector consortium based in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.
 `(7) SUPPLEMENTARY FUNDS- The Secretary may use funds appropriated under
 this subsection to supplement funds available under subsection (a)(1),
 as the Secretary deems appropriate.
 `(8) FEDERAL SHARE- Where there would be a clear and direct financial benefit
 to an entity under a grant or contract funded under this subsection or
 subsection (a)(1), the Secretary shall establish a Federal share consistent
 with that benefit.
 `(c) SUSPENDED LIGHT RAIL SYSTEM TECHNOLOGY PILOT PROJECT-
 `(1) FULL FUNDING GRANT AGREEMENT- Not later than 60 days after the
 fulfillment of the requirements under paragraph (5), the Secretary shall
 negotiate and enter into a full funding grant agreement under section 3
 with a public entity selected under paragraph (4) for construction of a
 suspended light rail system technology pilot project.
 `(2) PROJECT PURPOSE- The purpose of the project under this subsection
 shall be to assess the state of new technology for a suspended light rail
 system and to determine the feasibility and costs and benefits of using
 such a system for transporting passengers.
 `(3) PROJECT DESCRIPTION- The project under this subsection shall--
 `(A) utilize new rail technology with individual vehicles on a prefabricated,
 elevated steel guideway;
 `(B) be stability seeking with a center of gravity for the detachable
 passenger vehicles located below the point of wheel-rail contact; and
 `(C) utilize vehicles which are driven by overhead bogies with high
 efficiency, low maintenance electric motors for each wheel, operating in
 a slightly sloped plane from vertical for both the wheels and the running
 rails, to further increase stability, acceleration, and braking performance.
 `(4) COMPETITION-
 `(A) IN GENERAL- Notwithstanding any other provision of law, the Secretary
 shall conduct a national competition to select a public entity with
 which to enter into a full funding grant agreement under paragraph (1)
 for construction of the project under this subsection.
 `(B) PUBLICATION OF NOTICE- Not later than 30 days after the date of the
 enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall publish in the Federal Register
 notice of the competition to be conducted under this paragraph, together
 with procedures for public entities to participate in the competition.
 `(C) SELECTION OF FINALISTS- Not later than 120 days after the date of the
 enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall select 3 public entities to be
 finalists in the competition under this paragraph.
 `(D) AWARD OF GRANTS- The Secretary shall award grants to each of the
 finalists selected under subparagraph (C). Such grants shall be used by
 the finalists to participate in the final phase of the competition under
 this paragraph in accordance with procedures to be established by the
 Secretary. The amount of such grants shall not exceed 80 percent of the
 costs of such participation. No finalists may receive more than 1/3 of the
 amount made available under paragraph (9)(C).
 `(E) SELECTION OF WINNER- Not later than 210 days after the date of the
 enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall select from among the finalists
 selected under subparagraph (C) the public entity with which to enter into
 a full funding grant agreement under paragraph (1).
 `(F) CONSIDERATIONS- In conducting the competition and selecting public
 entities under this paragraph, the Secretary shall consider the following:
 `(i) The public entity's demonstrated understanding and knowledge of the
 project under this section.
 `(ii) The public entity's technical, managerial, and financial capacity to
 undertake construction, management, and operation of the project.
 `(iii) Maximization of potential contributions to the cost of the project
 by State, local, and private sector entities, including the donation of
 in-kind services and materials.
 `(5) EXPEDITED PROCEDURES- Not later than 270 days after the date of selection
 of a public entity under paragraph (4), the Secretary shall approve and
 publish in the Federal Register a notice announcing either (A) a finding
 of no significant impact, or (B) a draft environmental impact statement for
 the project under this subsection. The alternative analysis for the project
 shall include a determination as to whether or not to actually construct
 such project. If a draft environmental impact statement is published, the
 Secretary shall, not later than 180 days after the date of such publication,
 approve and publish in the Federal Register a notice of completion of a
 final environmental impact statement. The project shall not be subject to
 the major capital investment policy of the Federal Transit Administration.
 `(6) NOTICE TO PROCEED WITH CONSTRUCTION- Not later than 30 days following
 the execution of the full funding grant agreement under paragraph (1),
 the Secretary shall issue a notice to proceed with construction.
 `(7) OPTION NOT TO CONSTRUCT- Not later than the 30th day following the
 completion of preliminary engineering and design for the project, the public
 entity selected under paragraph (1) will make a determination on whether
 or not to proceed to actual construction of the project. If such public
 entity makes a determination not to proceed to such actual construction--
 `(A) the Secretary shall not enter into the grant agreement under paragraph
 (1);
 `(B) any remaining sums received shall be returned to the Secretary and
 credited to the Mass Transit Account of the Highway Trust Fund; and
 `(C) the Secretary shall use the amount so credited and all other amounts to
 be provided under this section to award to entities selected under paragraph
 (4)(E) grants under section 3 for construction of the project described in
 paragraph (1).
Any grants under subparagraph (C) shall be awarded after completion of a
competitive process for selection of a grant recipient. Such process shall be
completed not later than the 60th day following the date of the determination
under this subsection.
 `(8) OPERATING COST DEFICITS- The full funding grant agreement under paragraph
 (1) shall provide that--
 `(A) the system vendor for the project under this section shall fund 100
 percent of any deficit incurred in operating the project in the first two
 years of revenue operations of the project; and
 `(B) the system vendor for the project under this section shall fund 50
 percent of any deficit incurred in operating the project in the third year
 of revenue operations of the project.
 `(9) FUNDING-
 `(A) PRECONSTRUCTION- If the systems planning, alternatives analysis,
 preliminary engineering, and design and environmental impact statement are
 required by law for the project under this subsection, the Secretary shall
 pay by grant the Federal share of such costs (as determined under section 3)
 from amounts provided under such section as follows: not less than $4,000,000
 for fiscal year 1993. Such funds shall remain available until expended.
 `(B) CONSTRUCTION- The grant agreement under paragraph (1) shall provide
 that the Federal share of the construction costs of the project under this
 section shall be paid by the Secretary from amounts provided under section
 3 as follows: not less than $30,000,000 for fiscal year 1994. Such funds
 shall remain available until expended.
 `(C) GRANTS- Grants under paragraph (4) shall be paid by the Secretary from
 amounts provided under section 3 as follows: not less than $1,000,000 for
 fiscal year 1992. Any amounts not expended for such grants shall be available
 for the Federal share of costs described in subparagraphs (A) and (B).
 `(D) OPERATION- Notwithstanding any other provision of law, the grant
 agreement under paragraph (1) shall provide with respect to the third year
 of revenue operations of the project under this subsection that the Federal
 share of operating costs of the project shall be paid by the Secretary from
 amounts provided under this section in a sum equal to 50 percent of any
 deficit incurred in operating the project in such year of revenue operations
 or $300,000, whichever is less.
 `(10) FEDERAL SHARE- The Federal share of the cost of construction of
 the project under this subsection shall be 80 percent of the net cost of
 the project.
 `(11) REPORT- Not later than January 30, 1993, and annually thereafter,
 the Secretary shall transmit to Congress a report on the progress and
 results of the project under this subsection.'.
SEC. 3031. NEW JERSEY URBAN CORE PROJECT.
 (a) CONTRACTUAL COMMITMENTS-
 (1) FULL FUNDING GRANT AGREEMENT- Not later than 90 days after the date
 of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall negotiate and enter into
 a full funding grant agreement under section 3 of the Federal Transit Act
 for those elements of the New Jersey Urban Core Project which can be fully
 funded in fiscal years 1992 through 1997. Such grant agreement shall not
 preclude the allocation of Federal funds for those elements of the project
 not covered under such grant agreement.
 (2) PAYMENT- The grant agreement under paragraph (1) shall provide that
 the Federal share of the cost of the New Jersey Urban Core Project shall be
 paid by the Secretary from amounts provided under section 3 of the Federal
 Transit Act as follows:
 (A) Not less than $95,900,000 for fiscal year 1992.
 (B) Not less than $71,700,000 for fiscal year 1993.
 (C) Not less than $64,800,000 for fiscal year 1994.
 (D) Not less than $146,000,000 for fiscal year 1995.
 (E) Not less than a total of $256,000,000 for fiscal years 1996 and 1997.
Nothing in this section shall be construed as precluding other Federal funds
from being committed to the project.
 (b) NON-FEDERAL SHARE- Notwithstanding any other provision of law, for the
 purpose of calculating non-Federal contributions to the net cost of the
 New Jersey Urban Core Project, the Secretary shall include all non-Federal
 contributions made on or after January 1, 1987, for construction of any
 element of the project. Non-Federal funds committed to one element of the
 project may be used to meet the non-Federal share requirement for any other
 element of the project.
 (c) EXEMPTION FROM CERTAIN REQUIREMENTS- The requirements contained in section
 3(i) of the Federal Transit Act (relating to criteria for new starts) shall
 not apply with respect to the New Jersey Urban Core Project; except that
 an alternative analysis and draft environmental impact statement shall
 be completed with respect to the Hudson River Waterfront element of the
 project and the Secretary shall approve the recommended locally preferred
 alternative for such element. No element of the project shall be subject
 to the major capital investment policy of the Federal Transit Administration.
 (d) ELEMENTS OF URBAN CORE PROJECT- For the purposes of this section,
 the New Jersey Urban Core Project consists of the following elements:
 Secaucus Transfer, Kearny Connection, Waterfront Connection, Northeast
 Corridor Signal System, Hudson River Waterfront Transportation System,
 Newark-Newark International Airport-Elizabeth Transit Link, a rail connection
 between Penn Station Newark and Broad Street Station, Newark, New York Penn
 Station Concourse, and the equipment needed to operate revenue service
 associated with improvements made by the project. The project includes
 elements advanced with 100 percent non-Federal funds.
SEC. 3032. MULTIYEAR FUNDING FOR SAN FRANCISCO BAY AREA RAIL EXTENSION PROGRAM.
 (a) DRAFT ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT STATEMENT-
 (1) COMPLETION DEADLINE- Not later than 60 days after the date of the
 enactment of this Act and in accordance with the National Environmental
 Policy Act of 1969, the Secretary shall complete a draft environmental
 impact statement for an extension of the San Francisco Bay Area Rapid
 Transit District (hereinafter in this section referred to as `BART') to
 the San Francisco International Airport.
 (2) NOTICE OF AVAILABILITY AND REPORTING- The Secretary shall publish a
 notice of availability of the draft environmental impact statement for
 public review. If the Secretary has not published such notice on or before
 the 60th day following the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary
 shall report to Congress on the status of the completion of such draft
 environmental impact statement. The Secretary shall continue to report
 to such committees every 30 days on the status of the completion of the
 draft environmental impact statement, including any proposed revisions to
 the statement or to the work plan, until a notice of availability of such
 document is published in the Federal Register.
 (b) PRELIMINARY ENGINEERING GRANT-
 (1) TO BART- Not later than 30 days after the date of submittal of a locally
 preferred alternatives report and notwithstanding any other provision of law,
 the Secretary shall make a grant to BART to conduct preliminary engineering
 and to complete an environmental impact statement on the locally preferred
 alternative for the extension of BART to the San Francisco International
 Airport. The amount of such grant shall be 75 percent of preliminary
 engineering costs, unless the matching percentage is increased by a
 modification to Metropolitan Transportation Commission Resolution No. 1876
 in a manner that would allow such Federal share to be increased to 80 percent.
 (2) TO SANTA CLARA COUNTY- Not later than 30 days after the date of the
 enactment of this Act and notwithstanding any other provision of the
 law, the Secretary shall make a grant to the Santa Clara County Transit
 District (hereinafter in this section referred to as `SCCTD') to conduct
 preliminary engineering and to complete an environmental impact statement
 in accordance with the National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 on the
 locally preferred alternative for the Tasman Corridor Project. The amount
 of such grant shall be $12,750,000; except that the Federal share for all
 project costs may not exceed 50 percent, unless the matching percentage
 is increased by a modification to Metropolitan Transportation Commission
 Resolution No. 1876 in a manner that would allow such Federal share to be
 increased to 80 percent. Local funds expended on the Tasman Corridor Project
 after the locally preferred alternative was approved by the Metropolitan
 Transportation Commission on July 31, 1991, shall be considered eligible
 project costs under the Federal Transit Act.
 (c) CONTRACTUAL COMMITMENTS-
 (1) APPROVAL OF CONSTRUCTION- Notwithstanding any other provision of law,
 the Secretary shall approve the construction of the locally preferred
 alternative for the BART San Francisco International Airport Extension
 (Phase 1a to Colma and Phase 1b to San Francisco Airport) and the Tasman
 Corridor Project according to the following schedule; provided that the
 Secretary does not grant approval under subparagraphs (A), (B), and (C)
 before the 30th day after completion of the environmental impact statement:
 (A) Not later than 90 days after the date of the enactment of this Act,
 the Secretary shall approve such construction for BART Phase 1a to Colma.
 (B) Not later than 90 days after the date of the completion of preliminary
 engineering, the Secretary shall approve such construction for BART Phase
 1b to San Francisco International Airport.
 (C) Not later than 90 days after the date of the completion by SCCTD of
 preliminary engineering, the Secretary shall approve such construction for
 the Tasman Corridor Project.
 (2) EXECUTION OF CONTRACT- Upon approving construction under paragraph (1),
 the Secretary shall execute a multiyear grant agreement with BART to permit
 the expenditure of funds for the construction of the BART San Francisco
 International Airport Extension (Phase 1a and Phase 1b) and with SCCTD for
 the construction of the Tasman Corridor Project.
 (d) FEDERAL SHARE-
 (1) BART EXTENSION- The grant agreement under subsection (c)(2) shall
 provide that the Federal share of the project cost for the locally preferred
 alternative for the BART San Francisco International Airport Extension
 (Phase 1a and Phase 1b) shall be 75 percent, unless the matching percentage
 is increased by a modification to Metropolitan Transportation Commission
 Resolution No. 1876 in a manner that would allow such Federal share to be
 increased to 80 percent.
 (2) TASMAN CORRIDOR PROJECT- The grant agreement under subsection (c)(2)
 shall provide that the Federal share of the project cost for the locally
 preferred alternative for the Tasman Corridor Project, including costs
 for preliminary engineering, shall be 50 percent, unless that matching
 percentage is increased by a modification to Metropolitan Transportation
 Commission Resolution No. 1876 in a manner that would allow such Federal
 share to be increased to 80 percent.
 (e) PAYMENT- The grant agreement under subsection (c)(2) shall provide
 that the Federal share of the cost of the projects shall be paid by the
 Secretary from amounts provided under section 3 of the Federal Transit
 Act for construction of new fixed guideway systems and extensions to fixed
 guideway systems, as follows:
 (1) Not less than $28,500,000 for fiscal year 1990.
 (2) Not less than $40,000,000 for fiscal year 1991.
 (3) Not less than $100,000,000 for each of fiscal years 1992 through 1995.
 (4) Not less than $100,000,000 for fiscal years 1996 and 1997.
Apportionment of payments between BART and SCCTD shall be consistent with
the Metropolitan Transportation Commission Resolution No. 1876.
 (f) ADVANCE CONSTRUCTION- The grant agreements under subsection (c)(2) shall
 provide that the Secretary shall reimburse BART and SCCTD from any amounts
 provided under section 3 of the Federal Transit Act for fiscal years 1992
 through 1997 for the Federal share of the net project costs incurred by
 BART and SCCTD under subsections (c)(1) and (c)(2), including the amount
 of any interest earned and payable on bonds as provided in section 3(l)(2)
 of the Federal Transit Act, as follows:
 (1) Not later than September 30, 1994, the Secretary shall reimburse BART
 and SCCTD a total of $368,500,000 (plus such interest), less amounts provided
 under subsection (e) for fiscal years 1992 through 1994.
 (2) Not later than September 30, 1997, the Secretary shall reimburse BART
 and SCCTD a total of $568,500,000 (plus such interest), less amounts provided
 under subsection (e) for fiscal years 1992 through 1997.
 (g) FULL FUNDING GRANT AGREEMENTS-
 (1) SCHEDULE- Notwithstanding any other provision of law, the Secretary shall
 negotiate and execute full funding grant agreements that are consistent with
 Metropolitan Transportation Commission Resolution No. 1876 with BART for Phase
 1a to Colma and Phase 1b to the San Francisco International Airport, and with
 SCCTD for the Tasman Corridor Project according to the following schedule:
 (A) Not later than 90 days after the date of completion by SCCTD of
 preliminary engineering, the Secretary shall execute such agreement for
 the Tasman Corridor Project.
 (B) Upon completion by BART of 85 percent of final design, the Secretary
 shall execute such agreement for Phase 1a to Colma.
 (C) Upon completion by BART of 85 percent of final design, the Secretary
 shall execute such agreement for Phase 1b to the San Francisco International
 Airport.
 (2) ADDITIONAL AMOUNTS- In addition to the $568,500,000 provided under this
 section, the Secretary shall, subject to annual appropriations, issue full
 funding grant agreements to complete the projects utilizing the full amount of
 the unobligated balance in the Mass Transit Account of the Highway Trust Fund.
 (h) ALTERNATIVES ANALYSIS- The Secretary shall permit the Santa Clara County
 Transit District, in cooperation with the Metropolitan Transportation
 Commission, to conduct an Alternatives Analysis to examine transit
 alternatives including a possible BART extension from southern Alameda
 County through downtown San Jose to Santa Clara, California.
SEC. 3033. QUEENS LOCAL/EXPRESS CONNECTION.
 (a) FULL FUNDING GRANT AGREEMENT- Not later than 90 days after the date of
 the enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall negotiate and enter into a
 full funding grant agreement under section 3 of the Federal Transit Act for
 those elements of the Queens Local/Express Connection which can be fully
 funded in fiscal years 1992 through 1997. Such grant agreement shall not
 preclude the allocation of Federal funds for those elements of the project
 not covered under such grant agreement.
 (b) PAYMENT- The grant agreement under subsection (a) shall provide that
 the Federal share of the cost of the Queens Local/Express Connection shall
 be paid by the Secretary from amounts provided under section 3(k)(1)(B)
 of the Federal Transit Act as follows:
 (1) Not less than $11,000,000 for fiscal year 1992.
 (2) Not less than $18,700,000 for fiscal year 1993.
 (3) Not less than $77,800,000 for fiscal year 1994.
 (4) Not less than $76,800,000 for fiscal year 1995.
 (5) Not less than $121,800,000 for fiscal year 1996.
Nothing in this section shall be construed as precluding other Federal funds
from being committed to the project.
SEC. 3034. MULTIYEAR CONTRACT FOR METRO RAIL PROJECT.
 (a) SUPPLEMENTAL EIS- Not later than April 1, 1992, and in accordance with
 the National Environmental Policy Act of 1969, the Secretary shall complete
 preparation of a final supplemental environmental impact statement for
 Minimum Operable Segment-3 (other than the East Side Extension) and publish
 a notice of the completion of such statement in the Federal Register. Such
 statement shall reflect any alignment changes in the Los Angeles Metro Rail
 Project and any determination of an amended locally preferred alternative
 for the project. In preparing such statement, the Secretary shall rely,
 to the maximum extent feasible, upon existing environmental studies
 and analyses conducted with respect to the project, including the Draft
 Supplemental Environmental Impact Statement (dated November 1987) and the
 Final Supplemental Environmental Impact Statement (dated July 1989).
 (b) AMENDMENT TO CONTRACT TO INCLUDE CONSTRUCTION OF MOS-3-
 (1) NEGOTIATION- Not later than April 1, 1992, the Secretary shall begin
 negotiations with the Commission on an amendment to the full funding
 contract under section 3 of the Federal Transit Act (dated April 1990) for
 construction of Minimum Operable Segment-2 of the Los Angeles Metro Rail
 Project in order to include construction of Minimum Operable Segment-3
 (including the commitment described in paragraph (4) to provide Federal
 funding for the East Side Extension) in such contract.
 (2) EXECUTION- Not later than October 15, 1992, the Secretary shall--
 (A) complete negotiations and execute the amended contract under paragraph
 (1); and
 (B) issue a record of decision approving the construction of Minimum Operable
 Segment-3 (other than the East Side Extension).
 (3) PAYMENT OF FEDERAL SHARE-
 (A) FEDERAL SHARE- The amended contract under paragraph (1) shall provide
 that the Federal share of the cost of construction of Minimum Operable
 Segment-3 for fiscal years 1993 through 1997 shall be $695,000,000.
 (B) PAYMENT- The amended contract under paragraph (1) shall provide that
 the Federal share of the cost of construction of Minimum Operable Segment-3
 shall be paid by the Secretary from amounts available under section 3 of
 the Federal Transit Act in accordance with a schedule for annual payments
 set forth in such contract.
 (4) EAST SIDE EXTENSION- The amended contract under paragraph (1) shall
 include a commitment to provide Federal funding for the East Side Extension,
 subject to completion of alternatives analysis and satisfaction of Federal
 environmental requirements.
 (5) ADVANCE CONSTRUCTION-
 (A) IN GENERAL- The amended contract under paragraph (1) shall provide that
 the Commission may construct any portion of Minimum Operable Segment-3 in
 accordance with section 3(l) of the Federal Transit Act.
 (B) AMOUNT- The Commission may use advance construction authority in an amount
 not to exceed the sum of $535,000,000 plus the difference (if any) between
 the Federal share specified in paragraph (3) for fiscal years 1993 through
 1997 and the amount of Federal funds actually provided in those fiscal years.
 (C) CONVERSION TO GRANTS- In the event the Commission uses advance
 construction authority under this paragraph, the Secretary shall convert
 that authority into a grant and shall reimburse the Commission, from funds
 available under section 3 of the Federal Transit Act, for the Federal share
 of the amounts expended. Such conversion and reimbursement shall be made
 by the Secretary in fiscal years 1998, 1999, and 2000 and shall be equal
 to the Federal share of the amounts expended by the Commission pursuant
 to this paragraph (plus any eligible bond interest under section 3(l)(2)
 of the Federal Transit Act).
 (c) FURTHER AMENDMENT TO CONTRACT- Not later than October 15, 1996, the
 Secretary shall negotiate and enter into a further amendment to the contract
 described in subsection (b)(1) in order to provide Federal funding for
 Minimum Operable Segment-3 for fiscal years 1998 through 2000. The amended
 contract shall include provisions for the use and reimbursement of advance
 construction in the manner set forth in subsection (b)(5).
 (d) CONTINUING PRELIMINARY ENGINEERING- Before the date on which an
 amended contract is executed under subsection (b), the Secretary shall,
 upon receipt of an application from the Commission, make a grant to the
 Commission from amounts available under section 3 of the Federal Transit
 Act for continuing preliminary engineering and environmental analysis work
 for Minimum Operable Segment-3.
 (e) ADDITION OF EAST SIDE EXTENSION-
 (1) ALTERNATIVES ANALYSIS AND ENVIRONMENTAL REVIEW- The Secretary shall
 cooperate with the Commission in alternatives analysis and environmental
 review, including preparation of a draft environmental impact statement, for
 the East Side Extension. Upon receipt of an application from the Commission,
 the Secretary shall make a grant to the Commission, from amounts available
 under section 3 of the Federal Transit Act, for preliminary engineering,
 design, and related expenses for the East Side Extension, in an amount equal
 to 50 percent of the cost of such activities. Such funds shall be provided
 from the amounts made available by the Secretary under subsection (b)(3).
 (2) SUPPLEMENTAL EIS- Not later than December 1, 1993, and in accordance
 with the National Environmental Policy Act of 1969, the Secretary shall
 complete preparation of a final supplemental environmental impact statement
 for the East Side Extension and shall publish a notice of completion of
 such statement in the Federal Register.
 (3) AMENDMENT TO CONTRACT TO INCLUDE EAST SIDE EXTENSION-
 (A) NEGOTIATION- Immediately upon the completion of alternatives analysis
 and preliminary engineering for the East Side Extension, the Secretary
 shall begin negotiations with the Commission on a further amendment to the
 contract referred to in subsection (b)(1) in order to include construction
 of the East Side Extension.
 (B) EXECUTION- Not later than June 1, 1994, the Secretary shall--
 (i) complete negotiations and execute the amended contract under subparagraph
 (A); and
 (ii) issue a record of decision approving the construction of the East
 Side Extension.
 (C) CONTENTS- The amended contract under subparagraph (A) shall be consistent
 with the commitment made under subsection (b)(4) and shall include appropriate
 changes to the existing scope of work to include the East Side.
 (f) APPLICABILITY OF FEDERAL REQUIREMENTS- The amended contracts under this
 section shall provide that any activity under Minimum Operable Segment-3
 that is financed entirely with non-Federal funds shall not be subject to
 any Federal statute, regulation, or program guidance, unless the Federal
 statute or regulation in question, by its terms, otherwise applies to and
 covers such activity.
 (g) CRITERIA FOR NEW STARTS- Minimum Operable Segment-3 shall be deemed
 to be a project described in and covered by section 303(b) of the Surface
 Transportation and Uniform Relocation Assistance Act of 1987.
 (h) NOTIFICATION OF NONCOMPLIANCE- If the Secretary is unable to comply
 with a deadline established by this section, the Secretary shall report
 to Congress on the reasons for the noncompliance and shall provide such
 Committees a firm schedule for taking the action required.
 (i) DEFINITIONS- For the purposes of this section, the following definitions
 apply:
 (1) COMMISSION- The term `Commission' means the Los Angeles County
 Transportation Commission (or any successor thereto).
 (2) EAST SIDE EXTENSION- The term `East Side Extension' means that portion
 of Minimum Operable Segment-3 described in paragraph (3)(C).
 (3) MINIMUM OPERABLE SEGMENT-3- The term `Minimum Operable Segment-3'
 means that portion of the Los Angeles Metro Rail Project which consists
 of 7 stations and approximately 11.6 miles of heavy rail subway on the
 following lines:
 (A) One line running west and northwest from the Hollywood/Vine station to
 the North Hollywood station, with 2 intermediate stations.
 (B) One line running west from the Wilshire/Western station to the Pico/San
 Vicente station, with one intermediate station.
 (C) One line consisting of an initial line of approximately 3 miles in
 length, with at least 2 stations, beginning at Union Station and running
 generally east.
SEC. 3035. MISCELLANEOUS MULTIYEAR CONTRACTS.
 (a) HAWTHORNE, NEW JERSEY-WARWICK, NEW YORK, SERVICE- No later than 120 days
 after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall negotiate
 and sign a multiyear grant agreement with the New Jersey Transit Corporation
 which includes not less than $35,710,000 in fiscal year 1992 and not less
 than $11,156,000 in fiscal year 1993 from funds made available under section
 3(k)(1)(B) of the Federal Transit Act to carry out the construction of a
 project to provide commuter rail service from Hawthorne, New Jersey, to
 Warwick, New York (including a connection with the New Jersey Transit Main
 Line in Hawthorne, New Jersey, and improvements to the New Jersey Transit
 Main Line station in Paterson, New Jersey). Such agreement shall provide that
 amounts provided under the agreement may be used for purchasing equipment
 and for rehabilitating and constructing stations, parking facilities, and
 other facilities necessary for the restoration of such commuter rail service.
 (b) WESTSIDE LIGHT RAIL PROJECT- No later than April 30, 1992, the Secretary
 shall negotiate and sign a multiyear grant agreement with the Tri-County
 Metropolitan Transportation District of Oregon which includes $515,000,000
 from funds made available under section 3(k)(1)(B) of the Federal Transit
 Act at the Federal share contained in House Report 101-584 to carry out the
 construction of the locally preferred alternative for the Westside Light Rail
 Project, including system related costs, set forth in Public Law 101-516
 and as defined in House Report 101-584. Such agreement shall also provide
 for the completion of alternatives analysis, the final Environmental Impact
 Analysis, and preliminary engineering for the Hillsboro extension to the
 Westside Project as set forth in Public Law 101-516.
 (c) NORTH BAY FERRY SERVICE- No later than April 30, 1992, the Secretary shall
 negotiate and sign a multiyear grant agreement with the City of Vallejo,
 California, which includes $8,000,000 in fiscal year 1992 and $9,000,000
 in fiscal year 1993 from funds made available under section 3(k)(1)(B) of
 the Federal Transit Act to carry out capital improvements under the North
 Bay Ferry Service Demonstration Program.
 (d) STATEN ISLAND-MIDTOWN MANHATTAN FERRY SERVICE- No later than April 30,
 1992, the Secretary shall negotiate and sign a multiyear grant agreement
 with the New York City Department of Transportation in New York, New York,
 which includes $1,000,000 in fiscal year 1992 and $11,000,000 in fiscal
 year 1993 from funds made available under section 3(k)(1)(B) of the Federal
 Transit Act to carry out capital improvements under the Staten Island-Midtown
 Ferry Service Demonstration Program.
 (e) CENTRAL AREA CIRCULATOR PROJECT- No later than April 30, 1992, the
 Secretary shall negotiate and sign a multiyear grant agreement with the
 City of Chicago, Illinois, which includes $260,000,000 from funds made
 available under section 3(k)(1)(B) of the Federal Transit Act to carry out
 the construction of the locally preferred alternative for the Central Area
 Circulator Project. Such grant agreement shall provide that the Federal
 share of the cost of such project shall be paid by the Secretary from
 amounts provided under such section 3(k)(1)(B) as follows:
 (1) Not less than $21,000,000 for fiscal year 1992.
 (2) Not less than $55,000,000 for fiscal year 1993.
 (3) Not less than $70,000,000 for fiscal year 1994.
 (4) Not less than $62,000,000 for fiscal year 1995.
 (5) Not less than a total of $52,000,000 for fiscal years 1996 and 1997.
 (f) SALT LAKE CITY LIGHT RAIL PROJECT- No later than August 30, 1992, the
 Secretary shall negotiate and sign a multiyear grant agreement with the Utah
 Transit Authority, which includes $131,000,000 from funds made available under
 section 3(k)(1)(B) of the Federal Transit Act to carry out the construction
 of the initial segment of the locally preferred alternative for the Salt Lake
 City Light Rail Project, including feeder bus and other system related costs.
 (g) LOS ANGELES-SAN DIEGO (LOSSAN) RAIL CORRIDOR IMPROVEMENT PROJECT- No later
 than April 30, 1992, the Secretary shall negotiate and sign a multiyear grant
 agreement with the Los Angeles-San Diego Rail Corridor Agency which includes
 not less than $10,000,000 for fiscal year 1992 and not less than $5,000,000
 in each of fiscal years 1993 and 1994 from funds made available under section
 3(k)(1)(B) of the Federal Transit Act to provide for capital improvements
 to the rail corridor between Los Angeles and San Diego, California.
 (h) SAN JOSE-GILROY-HOLLISTER COMMUTER RAIL PROJECT- No later than April 30,
 1992, the Secretary shall negotiate and sign a multiyear grant agreement with
 the responsible operating entity for the San Francisco Peninsula Commute
 Service which includes, from funds made available under section 3(k)(1)(B)
 of the Federal Transit Act, $13,000,000 for capital improvements and trackage
 rights related to the extension of commuter rail service from San Jose,
 through Gilroy, to Hollister, California. The Secretary shall allocate to
 the Santa Clara County Transit District in fiscal year 1992, from funds
 made available under such section 3(k)(1)(B), $8,000,000 for the purpose
 of a one-time purchase of perpetual trackage rights between the existing
 terminus in San Jose and Gilroy, California, to run passenger rail service.
 (i) DALLAS LIGHT RAIL PROJECT- No later than April 30, 1992, the Secretary
 shall negotiate and sign a multiyear grant agreement with Dallas Area Rapid
 Transit which includes $160,000,000 from funds made available under section
 3(k)(1)(B) of the Federal Transit Act to carry out the construction of the
 locally preferred alternative for the initial 6.4 miles and 10 stations
 of the South Oak Cliff light rail line. Non-Federal funds used to acquire
 rights-of-way and to plan, design, and construct any of the elements of
 such light rail line on or after August 13, 1983, may be used to meet the
 non-Federal share funding requirement for financing construction of any of
 such elements.
 (j) SOUTH BOSTON PIERS TRANSITWAY/LIGHT RAIL PROJECT- No later than June 1,
 1992, the Secretary shall negotiate and sign a multiyear grant agreement with
 the Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority which includes $278,000,000
 from funds made available under section 3(k)(1)(B) of the Federal Transit
 Act to carry out the construction of the South Station to World Trade
 Center segment of the locally preferred alternative for the South Boston
 Piers Transitway/Light Rail Project. Not later than February 28, 1992,
 the Secretary shall allocate from such $278,000,000 such sums as may be
 necessary to carry out preliminary engineering and design for the entirety of
 such preferred alternative. Section 330 of the Department of Transportation
 and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 1992, is amended by striking `--',
 by striking `(a)', by striking `; and' at the end of paragraph (a) and all
 that follows through the period at the end of such section and inserting a
 period, and by running in the remaining matter of paragraph (a) following
 `Administration'.
 (k) KANSAS CITY LIGHT RAIL PROJECT- No later than April 30, 1992, the
 Secretary shall negotiate and sign a multiyear grant agreement with the
 Kansas City Area Transportation Authority which includes, from funds made
 available under section 3(k)(1)(B) of the Federal Transit Act, $1,500,000
 in fiscal year 1992, and $4,400,000 in fiscal year 1993 to provide for the
 completion of alternatives analysis and preliminary engineering for the
 Kansas City Light Rail Project.
 (l) ORLANDO STREETCAR (OSCAR) DOWNTOWN TROLLEY PROJECT- No later than April
 30, 1992, the Secretary shall negotiate and sign a multiyear grant agreement
 with the City of Orlando, Florida, which includes, from funds made available
 under section 3(k)(1)(B) of the Federal Transit Act, $5,000,000 to provide
 for the completion of alternatives analysis and preliminary engineering
 for the Orlando Streetcar (OSCAR) Downtown Trolley Project.
 (m) DETROIT LIGHT RAIL PROJECT- No later than April 30, 1992, the Secretary
 shall negotiate and enter into a multiyear grant agreement with the city of
 Detroit, Michigan, which includes, from funds made available under section
 3(k)(1)(B) of the Federal Transit Act, not less than $10,000,000 for fiscal
 year 1992, and not less than $10,000,000 for fiscal year 1993, to provide
 for the completion of alternatives analysis and preliminary engineering
 for the Detroit Light Rail Project.
 (n) BUS AND BUS RELATED EQUIPMENT PURCHASES IN ALTOONA, PENNSYLVANIA-
 No later than April 30, 1992, the Secretary shall enter into a grant
 agreement with Altoona Metro Transit for $2,000,000 for fiscal year 1992
 from funds made available under section 3(k)(1)(C) of the Federal Transit
 Act to provide for the purchase of 10 buses, a fuel storage tank, a bus
 washer and 2 service vehicles.
 (o) LONG BEACH METRO LINK FIXED RAIL PROJECT- No later than April 30, 1992,
 the Secretary shall negotiate and sign a multiyear grant agreement with
 the Los Angeles County Transportation Commission which includes $4,000,000
 from funds made available under section 3(k)(1)(B) of the Federal Transit
 Act to provide for the completion of alternatives analysis and preliminary
 engineering for the Metro Link Project in Long Beach, California.
 (p) LAKEWOOD-FREEHOLD-MATAWAN OR JAMESBURG RAIL PROJECT- No later than
 April 30, 1992, the Secretary shall negotiate and sign a multiyear grant
 agreement with the New Jersey Transit Corporation, which includes, from funds
 made available to the Northeastern New Jersey urbanized area under section
 3(k)(1)(B) of the Federal Transit Act, $1,800,000 in fiscal year 1992 and
 $3,000,000 in each of fiscal years 1993 and 1994 to provide for the completion
 of alternatives analysis, preliminary engineering, and environmental impact
 statement for the Lakewood-Freehold-Matawan or Jamesburg Rail Project.
 (q) SAN FRANCISCO, CALIFORNIA- No later than April 30, 1992, the Secretary
 shall enter into a grant agreement for $2,500,000 from funds made available
 under section 3(k)(1)(C) for fiscal year 1992 to construct a parking facility
 as part of a multimodal transportation facility in the vicinity of California
 Pacific Medical Center, San Francisco, California.
 (r) CHARLOTTE LIGHT RAIL STUDY- No later than April 30, 1992, the Secretary
 shall negotiate and sign a multiyear grant agreement with the City of
 Charlotte, North Carolina, which includes, from funds made available under
 section 3(k)(1)(B) of the Federal Transit Act, $125,000 in fiscal year 1992
 and $375,000 in fiscal year 1993 to provide for the completion of systems
 planning and alternatives analysis for a priority light rail corridor in
 the Charlotte metropolitan area.
 (s) BUCKHEAD PEOPLE MOVER CONCEPTUAL ENGINEERING STUDY- No later than
 April 30, 1992, the Secretary shall negotiate and sign a multiyear grant
 agreement with the Atlanta Regional Commission which includes, from funds made
 available under section 3(k)(1)(B) of the Federal Transit Act, $200,000 in
 fiscal year 1992, to provide for the completion of a conceptual engineering
 study for a people mover system in Atlanta, Georgia.
 (t) CLEVELAND DUAL HUB RAIL PROJECT- No later than April 30, 1992, the
 Secretary shall negotiate and sign a multiyear grant agreement with the
 Greater Cleveland Regional Transit Authority which includes, from funds made
 available under section 3(k)(1)(B) of the Federal Transit Act, $2,000,000 in
 fiscal year 1992, $2,000,000 in fiscal year 1993, and $1,000,000 in fiscal
 year 1994, to provide for the completion of alternatives analysis on the
 Cleveland Dual Hub Rail Project.
 (u) SAN DIEGO MID COAST LIGHT RAIL PROJECT- No later than April 30, 1992, the
 Secretary shall negotiate and sign a multiyear grant agreement with the San
 Diego Metropolitan Transit Development Board which includes, from funds made
 available under section 3(k)(1)(B) of the Federal Transit Act, $2,000,000
 in fiscal year 1992, $5,000,000 in fiscal year 1993, and $20,000,000 in
 fiscal year 1994, to provide for the completion of alternatives analysis
 and the final environmental impact statement, and to purchase right-of-way,
 for the San Diego Mid Coast Light Rail Project.
 (v) CHATTANOOGA DOWNTOWN TROLLEY PROJECT- No later than April 30, 1992,
 the Secretary shall negotiate and sign a multiyear grant agreement with
 the Chattanooga Area Regional Transportation Authority which includes,
 from funds made available under section 3(k)(1)(B) of the Federal Transit
 Act, $1,000,000 in fiscal year 1992 and $1,000,000 in fiscal year 1993 to
 provide for the completion of alternatives analysis on a proposed trolley
 circulator in downtown Chattanooga, Tennessee.
 (w) NORTHEAST OHIO COMMUTER RAIL FEASIBILITY STUDY- No later than April 30,
 1992, the Secretary shall negotiate and sign a multiyear grant agreement
 with the Northeast Ohio Areawide Coordinating Agency which includes, from
 funds made available under section 3(k)(1)(B) of the Federal Transit Act,
 $800,000 in fiscal year 1992 and $800,000 in fiscal year 1993 to study the
 feasibility of providing commuter rail service connecting urban and suburban
 areas in northeast Ohio.
 (x) RAILTRAN COMMUTER RAIL PROJECT- No later than April 30, 1992, the
 Secretary shall negotiate and sign a multiyear grant agreement with the
 Cities of Dallas and Fort Worth, Texas, which includes, from funds made
 available under section 3(k)(1)(B) of the Federal Transit Act, $2,480,000,
 in fiscal year 1992, and $3,200,000 in fiscal year 1993 to provide for
 preliminary engineering and construction of improvements to the Dallas/Fort
 Worth RAILTRAN System.
 (y) BUS AND BUS RELATED EQUIPMENT PURCHASES IN JOHNSTOWN, PENNSYLVANIA- No
 later than April 30, 1992, the Secretary shall enter into a grant agreement
 with the Cambria County Transit Authority for $1,600,000 for fiscal year
 1992 from funds made available under section 3(k)(1)(C) of the Federal
 Transit Act to provide for the purchase of 6 midsize buses; spare engines,
 transmissions, wheels, tires; wheelchair lifts for urban buses; 20 2-way
 radios; 29 electronic fareboxes and related equipment; computer hardware
 and software; and shop tools, equipment and parts for the Cambria County
 Transit System; and a new 400 HP electric motor and related components;
 cable replacement; hillside erosion control; park-and-ride facilities;
 and a handicapped pedestrian crosswalk for the Johnstown Inclined Plane.
 (z) BUS PURCHASE FOR EUREKA SPRINGS, ARKANSAS- No later than April 30, 1992,
 the Secretary shall enter into a grant agreement with Eureka Springs Transit
 for $63,600 for fiscal year 1992 from funds made available under section
 3(k)(1)(C) of the Federal Transit Act to provide for the purchase of an
 electrically powered bus which is accessible to and usable by individuals
 with disabilities.
 (aa) TUCSON DIAL-A-RIDE PROJECT- No later than April 30, 1992, the Secretary
 shall negotiate and sign a grant agreement with the City of Tucson, Arizona,
 which includes, from funds made available under section 3(k)(1)(C) of
 the Federal Transit Act, $8,000,000 in fiscal year 1992 to make capital
 improvements related to the Tucson Dial-a-Ride Project.
 (bb) LONG BEACH BUS FACILITY PROJECT- No later than April 30, 1992, the
 Secretary shall negotiate and sign a grant agreement with the Long Beach
 Transportation Company to include, from funds made available under section
 3(k)(1)(C) of the Federal Transit Act, $13,875,000 in fiscal year 1992, to
 provide for the construction of a bus maintenance facility in the service
 area of such company.
 (cc) PARK-AND-RIDE LOT- No later than April 30, 1992, the Secretary shall
 negotiate and sign a grant agreement with the Southeastern Pennsylvania
 Transportation Authority which includes, from funds made available under
 section 3(k)(1)(C) of the Federal Transit Act, $4,000,000 in fiscal year
 1992 to construct a park-and-ride lot in suburban Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
 (dd) NASHVILLE INTERMODAL TERMINAL- No later than April 30, 1992, the
 Secretary shall negotiate and sign a grant agreement with the City of
 Nashville, Tennessee, which includes, from funds made available under
 section 3(k)(1)(C) of the Federal Transit Act, $3,700,000 in fiscal year
 1992 to provide for the construction of an intermodal passenger terminal
 in Nashville, Tennessee.
 (ee) MAIN STREET TRANSIT MALL- No later than April 30, 1992, the Secretary
 shall negotiate and sign a grant agreement with the City of Akron, Ohio,
 which includes, from funds made available to that State under section
 3(k)(1)(C) of the Federal Transit Act, $1,450,000 in fiscal year 1992 to
 provide for preliminary engineering and construction of an extension to
 the Main Street Transit Mall.
 (ff) PEOPLE MOBILIZER- No later than April 30, 1992, the Secretary shall
 negotiate and sign a grant agreement with PACE which includes, from funds made
 available to the suburban Chicago urbanized area under section 3(k)(1)(C),
 $2,300,000 in fiscal year 1992 to make capital purchases necessary for
 implementing the people mobilizer project in such area. The limitation on
 operating assistance which but for this section would apply to the people
 mobilizer project for fiscal year 1992 under section 9(k)(2)(A) of the
 Federal Transit Act shall be increased by $700,000.
 (gg) CENTRE AREA TRANSPORTATION AUTHORITY REIMBURSEMENT- Notwithstanding
 any other provision of law, the Secretary shall reimburse the Centre Area
 Transportation Authority in State College, Pennsylvania, from funds made
 available under section 3(k)(1)(C) of the Federal Transit Act, $1,000,000
 in fiscal year 1992 for costs incurred by the Centre Area Transportation
 Authority between August 1989 and October 1991 in connection with the
 construction of an administrative maintenance and bus storage facility.
 (hh) KEY WEST, FLORIDA- Not later than April 30, 1992, the Secretary shall
 negotiate and enter into a grant agreement with the city of Key West,
 Florida, which includes, from funds made available under section 3(k)(1)(C)
 of the Federal Transit Act, $239,666 in fiscal year 1992 for the cost of
 purchasing 3 buses.
 (ii) BOSTON, MASSACHUSETTS- The Secretary shall conduct at a cost of $250,000
 in fiscal year 1992 from funds made available under section 3(k)(1)(B)
 of the Federal Transit Act a feasibility study of a proposed rail link
 between North Station and South Station in Boston, Massachusetts.
 (jj) BUFFALO, NEW YORK- No later than April 30, 1992, the Secretary shall
 enter into a grant agreement with the Niagara Frontier Transportation
 Authority for $2,000,000 for fiscal year 1992 from funds made available
 under section 3(k)(1)(C) of the Federal Transit Act to provide for the
 construction of metro bus transit centers in the service area of such
 transportation authority.
 (kk) STATE OF MICHIGAN- No later than June 30, 1992, the Secretary shall enter
 into a multiyear grant agreement with the State of Michigan for $10,500,000
 for fiscal year 1992, and not less than $10,000,000 for each of fiscal years
 1993 through 1997 from funds made available under section 3(k)(1)(C) of the
 Federal Transit Act for the purchase of buses and bus-related equipment to
 be distributed among local transit operators. Of the grant amount for fiscal
 year 1992, $500,000 shall be made available for a study of the feasibility
 of consolidation of transit services.
 (ll) ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN- No later than April 30, 1992, the Secretary shall
 enter into a grant agreement with the Ann Arbor Transportation Authority
 for $1,500,000 for fiscal year 1992 from funds made available under section
 3(k)(1)(C) of the Federal Transit Act for the purchase of equipment and
 software for advanced fare collection technology.
 (mm) BAY AREA RAPID TRANSIT DISTRICT PARKING- Not later than April 30, 1992,
 the Secretary shall negotiate and enter into a multiyear grant agreement
 with the San Francisco Bay Area Rapid Transit District which includes,
 from funds made available under section 3(k)(1)(C) of the Federal Transit
 Act, $12,600,000 for construction of a parking area for the planned East
 Dublin/Pleasanton BART station.
 (nn) BALTIMORE-WASHINGTON TRANSPORTATION IMPROVEMENTS PROGRAM- The Secretary
 shall carry out the Baltimore-Washington Transportation Improvements Program
 as follows:
 (1) BALTIMORE-CENTRAL LIGHT RAIL EXTENSION- By entering into a full funding
 grant agreement with the Mass Transit Administration of the Maryland
 Department of Transportation to carry out construction of locally preferred
 alternatives for the Hunt Valley, Baltimore-Washington International
 Airport and Penn Station extensions to the light rail line in Baltimore,
 Maryland. The grant agreement under this paragraph shall provide that the
 Federal share shall be paid from amounts provided under section 3(k)(1)(B)
 of the Federal Transit Act as follows:
 (A) Not less than $30,000,000 for fiscal year 1993.
 (B) Not less than $30,000,000 for fiscal year 1994.
 (2) MARC EXTENSIONS- By entering into a full funding grant agreement with the
 Mass Transit Administration of the Maryland Department of Transportation for
 service extensions and other improvements, including extensions of the MARC
 commuter rail system to Frederick and Waldorf, planning and engineering,
 purchase of rolling stock and station improvements and expansions. The
 grant agreement under this paragraph shall be paid from amounts provided
 under section 3(k)(1)(B) of the Federal Transit Act as follows:
 (A) Not less than $60,000,000 for fiscal year 1993.
 (B) Not less than $50,000,000 for fiscal year 1994.
 (C) Not less than $50,000,000 for fiscal year 1995.
 (3) LARGO EXTENSION- By entering into a full funding grant agreement with
 the State of Maryland or its designee to provide alternative analysis, the
 preparation of an environmental impact statement and preliminary engineering
 for a proposed rail transit project to be located in the corridor between
 the Washington Metropolitan Area Transit Authority Addison Road rail station
 and Largo, Maryland. The grant agreement under this paragraph shall provide
 that the Federal share shall be paid from amounts provided under section
 3(k)(1)(B) of the Federal Transit Act in an amount not less than $5,000,000
 for fiscal year 1993.
 (oo) MILWAUKEE EAST-WEST CORRIDOR PROJECT- The Secretary shall negotiate and
 sign a multiyear grant agreement with the State of Wisconsin which includes
 $200,000,000 from funds made available under section 3(k)(1)(B) of the
 Federal Transit Act to carry out the construction of the initial segment
 of the locally preferred alternative as identified in the alternatives
 analysis of the Milwaukee East-West Corridor Project.
 (pp) BOSTON TO PORTLAND TRANSPORTATION CORRIDOR- If the State of Maine or
 an agency thereof decides to initiate commuter rail service in the Boston
 to Portland transportation corridor, $30,000,000 under section 3(k)(1)(B) is
 authorized to be appropriated for capital improvements to allow such service.
 (qq) NORTHEAST PHILADELPHIA COMMUTER RAIL STUDY- No later than April 30,
 1992, the Secretary shall negotiate and sign a multiyear grant agreement
 with the Southeastern Pennsylvania Transportation Authority, which includes
 $400,000 from funds made available to the Philadelphia urbanized area under
 section 3(k)(1)(B) of the Federal Transit Act to provide for a study of
 the feasibility of instituting commuter rail service as an alternative to
 automobile travel to Center City Philadelphia on I-95.
 (rr) ATLANTA COMMUTER RAIL STUDY- No later than April 30, 1992, the
 Secretary shall negotiate and sign a multiyear grant agreement with the
 Atlanta Regional Commission which includes, from funds made available to the
 Atlanta urbanized area under section 3(k)(1)(B) of the Federal Transit Act,
 $100,000 to study the feasibility of instituting commuter rail service in
 the Greensboro corridor.
 (ss) PITTSBURGH LIGHT RAIL REHABILITATION PROJECT- No later than 90 days after
 the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall negotiate and sign
 a multiyear grant agreement with the Port Authority of Allegheny County which
 includes $5,000,000 from funds made available to the Pittsburgh urbanized area
 under section 3(k)(1)(B) of the Federal Transit Act to complete preliminary
 engineering for Stage II LRT rehabilitation in Allegheny County, Pennsylvania.
 (tt) ATLANTA NORTH LINE EXTENSION- No later than April 30, 1992, the Secretary
 shall negotiate and sign a multiyear grant agreement with the Metropolitan
 Atlanta Rapid Transit Authority which includes $329,000,000 from funds made
 available under section 3(k)(1)(B) of the Federal Transit Act to carry out
 the construction of the locally preferred alternative for a 3.1 mile extension
 of the North Line of the heavy rail rapid transit system in Atlanta, Georgia.
 (uu) HOUSTON PRIORITY CORRIDOR FIXED GUIDEWAY PROJECT- Provided that a
 locally preferred alternative for the Priority Corridor fixed guideway
 project has been selected by March 1, 1992, no later than April 30, 1992,
 the Secretary shall negotiate and sign a multiyear grant agreement with the
 Metropolitan Transit Authority of Harris County which includes $500,000,000
 from funds made available under section 3(k)(1)(B) of the Federal Transit
 Act to carry out the construction of such locally preferred alternative.
 (vv) JACKSONVILLE AUTOMATED SKYWAY EXPRESS EXTENSION- No later than April
 30, 1992, the Secretary shall negotiate and sign a multiyear grant agreement
 with the Jacksonville Transportation Authority which includes $71.2 million
 from funds made available under section 3(k)(1)(B) of the Federal Transit
 Act to carry out the construction of the locally preferred alternative for
 a 1.8 mile extension to the Automated Skyway Express starter line.
 (ww) HONOLULU RAPID TRANSIT PROJECT- No later than April 30, 1992, the
 Secretary shall negotiate and sign a multiyear grant agreement with the
 City and County of Honolulu which includes $618,000,000 from funds made
 available under section 3(k)(1)(B) of the Federal Transit Act to carry out
 the construction of the locally preferred alternative of a 17.3 mile fixed
 guideway system.
 (xx) SACRAMENTO LIGHT RAIL PROJECT- No later than April 30, 1992, the
 Secretary shall negotiate and sign a multiyear grant agreement with the
 Sacramento Regional Transit District which includes, from funds made available
 under section 3(k)(1)(B) of the Federal Transit Act, $26,000,000 to provide
 for the completion of alternatives analysis, preliminary engineering, and
 final design on proposed extensions to the light rail system in Sacramento,
 California.
 (yy) PHILADELPHIA CROSS-COUNTY METRO RAIL PROJECT- No later than April 30,
 1992, the Secretary shall negotiate and sign a multiyear grant agreement
 with the Southeastern Pennsylvania Transportation Authority which includes,
 from funds made available under section 3(k)(1)(B) of the Federal Transit
 Act, $2,400,000 to provide for the completion of alternatives analysis and
 preliminary engineering for the Philadelphia Cross-County Metro Rail Project.
 (zz) CLEVELAND BLUE LINE LIGHT RAIL EXTENSION- No later than April 30, 1992,
 the Secretary shall negotiate and sign a multiyear grant agreement with the
 Greater Cleveland Regional Transit Authority which includes, from funds made
 available under section 3(k)(1)(B) of the Federal Transit Act, $1,200,000
 to provide for the completion of alternatives analysis and preliminary
 engineering for an extension of the Blue Line to Highland Hills, Ohio.
 (aaa) DULLES CORRIDOR RAIL PROJECT- No later than April 30, 1992, the
 Secretary shall negotiate and sign a multiyear grant agreement with the
 State of Virginia, or its assignee, which includes, from funds made available
 under section 3(k)(1)(B) of the Federal Transit Act, $6,000,000 to provide
 for the completion of alternatives analysis and preliminary engineering
 for a rail corridor from the West Falls Church Washington Metropolitan Area
 Transit Authority rail station to Dulles International Airport.
 (bbb) PUGET SOUND CORE RAPID TRANSIT PROJECT- Not later than April 30,
 1992, the Secretary shall negotiate and sign a multiyear grant agreement
 with the municipality of metropolitan Seattle, Washington, which includes,
 from funds made available under section 3(k)(1)(B) of the Federal Transit
 Act, $300,000,000 for the Puget Sound Core Rapid Transit Project.
 (ccc) SEATTLE-TACOMA COMMUTER RAIL- Not later than April 30, 1992, the
 Secretary shall negotiate and sign a multiyear grant agreement with the
 municipality of metropolitan Seattle, Washington, which includes, from
 funds made available under section 3(k)(1)(B) of the Federal Transit Act,
 $25,000,000 for the Seattle-Tacoma Commuter Rail Project.
 (ddd) ALTOONA PEDESTRIAN CROSSOVER- Not later than April 30, 1992, the
 Secretary shall negotiate and sign a multiyear grant agreement with the city
 of Altoona, Pennsylvania, which includes, from funds made available under
 section 3(k)(1)(B) of the Federal Transit Act, $3,200,000 for construction
 of the 14th Street Pedestrian Crossover in Altoona, Pennsylvania.
 (eee) MULTI-MODAL TRANSIT PARKWAY- Not later than April 30, 1992, the
 Secretary shall negotiate and enter into a multiyear grant agreement with
 the State of California which includes, from funds made available under
 section 3(k)(1)(B) of the Federal Transit Act, $15,000,000 for construction
 of a multi-modal transit parkway in western Los Angeles, California.
 (fff) CANAL STREET CORRIDOR LIGHT RAIL, NEW ORLEANS, LOUISIANA- No later than
 April 30, 1992, the Secretary shall negotiate and sign a grant agreement
 with the city of New Orleans, Louisiana, which includes, from funds made
 available under section 3(k)(1)(B) of the Federal Transit Act, $4,800,000 to
 provide for the completion of alternatives analysis, preliminary engineering,
 and an environmental impact statement for the Canal Street Corridor Light
 Rail System in New Orleans, Louisiana.
SEC. 3036. UNOBLIGATED M ACCOUNT BALANCES.
 Notwithstanding any other provision of law, any obligated M account
 balances remaining available for expenditure as of August 1, 1991, under
 `Urban Discretionary Grants' and `Interstate Transfer Grants-Transit'
 of the Federal Transit Administration program shall be exempt from the
 application of the provisions of section 1405 (b)(4) and (b)(6) of Public
 Law 101-510 and section 1552 of title 31, United States Code, and shall be
 available until expended.
SEC. 3037. TECHNICAL ACCOUNTING PROVISIONS.
 Notwithstanding any other provision of law, any funds appropriated before
 October 1, 1983, under section 6, 10, 11, or 18 of the Act, or section
 103(e)(4) of title 23, United States Code, in effect on September 30,
 1991, that remain available for expenditure after October 1, 1991, may be
 transferred to and administered under the most recent appropriation heading
 for any such section.
SEC. 3038. REDUCTION IN AUTHORIZATIONS FOR BUDGET COMPLIANCE.
 If the total amount authorized by this Act (including amendments made
 by this Act) out of the Mass Transit Account of the Highway Trust Fund
 exceeds $1,900,000,000 for fiscal year 1992, or exceeds $13,800,000,000
 for fiscal years 1992 through 1996, then each amount so authorized shall be
 reduced proportionately so that the total equals $1,900,000,000 for fiscal
 year 1992, or equals $13,800,000,000 for fiscal years 1992 through 1996,
 as the case may be.
SEC. 3039. PETROLEUM VIOLATION ESCROW ACCOUNT FUNDS.
 Notwithstanding any other provision of law, the Federal Transit Administration
 shall allow petroleum violation escrow account funds spent by the New Jersey
 Transit Corporation on transit improvements to be applied as credit towards
 the non-Federal match for any transit project funded under the Federal
 Transit Act. The New Jersey Transit Corporation shall demonstrate that the
 use of such a credit does not result in the reduction in non-Federal funding
 for transit projects within the fiscal year in which the credit is applied.
SEC. 3040. CHARTER SERVICES DEMONSTRATION PROGRAM.
 (a) ESTABLISHMENT- Notwithstanding any provision of law, the Secretary
 shall implement regulations, not later than 9 months after the date of the
 enactment of this Act, in not more than 4 States to permit transit operators
 to provide charter services for the purposes of meeting the transit needs
 of government, civic, charitable, and other community activities which
 otherwise would not be served in a cost effective and efficient manner.
 (b) CONSULTATION- In developing such regulations, the Secretary shall consult
 with a board that is equally represented by public transit operators and
 privately owned charter services.
 (c) REPORT- Not later than 3 years after the date of the enactment of
 this Act, the Secretary shall transmit to Congress a report containing an
 evaluation of the effectiveness of the demonstration program regulations
 established under this section and make recommendations to improve current
 charter service regulations.
SEC. 3041. GAO REPORT ON CHARTER SERVICE REGULATIONS.
 The Comptroller General shall submit to the Congress, not later than 12
 months after the date of the enactment of this Act, a report evaluating
 the impact of existing charter service regulations. The report shall--
 (1) assess the extent to which the regulations promote or impede the
 ability of communities to meet the transportation needs of government,
 civic, and charitable organizations in a cost-effective and efficient manner;
 (2) assess the extent to which the regulations promote or impede the
 ability of communities to carry out economic development activities in a
 cost-effective and efficient manner;
 (3) analyze the extent to which public transit operators and private
 charter carriers have entered into charter service agreements pursuant to
 the regulations; and
 (4) analyze the extent to which such agreements enable private carriers to
 profit from the provision of charter service by public transit operators
 using federally subsidized vehicles.
The report shall also include an assessment of the factors specified in the
preceding sentence within the context of not less than 3 communities selected
by the Comptroller General.
SEC. 3042. 1993 WORLD UNIVERSITY GAMES.
 Notwithstanding any other provision of law, before apportionment under
 section 9 of the Federal Transit Act of funds provided under section 21(a)(1)
 of such Act for fiscal year 1993, $4,000,000 of such funds shall be made
 available to the State of New York or to any public body to which the State
 further delegates authority, as the designated recipient for the purposes
 of this section, to carry out projects by contracts with private or public
 service providers to meet the transportation needs associated with the
 staging of the 1993 World University Games in the State of New York. Such
 funds shall be available for any purpose eligible under section 9 of such
 Act without limitation. The matching requirement for operating assistance
 under section 9(k)(1) of such Act shall not apply to funds made available
 under this section.
SEC. 3043. OPERATING ASSISTANCE LIMITATION FOR STATEN ISLAND FERRY.
 The limitation of operating assistance which, but for this section, would
 apply to the Staten Island Ferry for fiscal year 1993 under section 9(k)(2)(A)
 of the Federal Transit Act shall be increased by $2,700,000.
SEC. 3044. FORGIVENESS OF CERTAIN OUTSTANDING OBLIGATIONS.
 Notwithstanding the fifth sentence of section 4(a) of the Federal Transit
 Act, the outstanding balance on grant agreement number NC-05-0021 made to
 the Fayetteville Transit Authority, North Carolina is forgiven.
SEC. 3045. FORGIVENESS OF LOAN REPAYMENT.
 Notwithstanding any other provision of law (including any regulation),
 the outstanding balances on the following loan agreements do not have to
 be repaid:
 (1) Loan agreement number PA-03-9002 made to the Southeastern Pennsylvania
 Transit Authority.
 (2) Loan agreement number PA-03-9003 made to the Southeastern Pennsylvania
 Transit Authority.
SEC. 3046. MODIFIED BUS SERVICE TO ACCOMMODATE THE NEEDS OF STUDENTS.
 Nothing in the Federal Transit Act, including the regulations issued to
 carry out such Act, shall be construed to prohibit the use of buses acquired
 or operated with Federal assistance under such Act to provide tripper bus
 service in New York City, New York, to accommodate the needs of students,
 if such buses carry normal designations and clear markings that such buses
 are open to the general public. For the purposes of this section, the term
 `tripper bus service' shall have the meaning such term has on the date of the
 enactment of this Act in regulations issued pursuant to the Federal Transit
 Act and shall include the service provided by express buses operating along
 regular routes and as indicated in published route schedules.
SEC. 3047. ELIGIBILITY DETERMINATIONS FOR DISABILITY.
 (a) STUDY- The Secretary shall conduct a study of procedures for determining
 disability for the purpose of obtaining off peak reduced fares under
 section 5(m) of the Federal Transit Act. The study should review different
 requirements, degree of uniformity, and degree of reciprocity between
 transit systems.
 (b) REPORT- Not later than 2 years after the date of the enactment of this
 Act, the Secretary shall report to Congress on the results of the study
 conducted under this section.
SEC. 3048. MILWAUKEE ALTERNATIVES ANALYSIS APPROVAL.
 No later than January 15, 1992, the Secretary shall enter into an agreement
 with the Wisconsin Department of Transportation giving approval to undertake
 an alternatives analysis for the East-West Central Milwaukee Corridor. The
 alternatives analysis shall be funded entirely from non-Federal sources.
TITLE IV--MOTOR CARRIER ACT OF 1991
SEC. 4001. SHORT TITLE.
 This title may be cited as the `Motor Carrier Act of 1991'.
SEC. 4002. MOTOR CARRIER SAFETY GRANT PROGRAM AMENDMENTS.
 (a) CONTENTS OF STATE PLANS- Section 402(b)(1) of the Surface Transportation
 Assistance Act of 1982 (49 U.S.C. App. 2302(b)(1)) is amended--
 (1) by striking subparagraph (D) and inserting the following new subparagraph:
 `(D) provides a right of entry and inspection to carry out the plan and
 provides that the State will grant maximum reciprocity for inspections
 conducted pursuant to the North American Inspection Standard, through
 the use of a nationally accepted system allowing ready identification of
 previously inspected commercial motor vehicles;';
 (2) by striking `and' at the end of subparagraph (F);
 (3) by striking the period of subparagraph (G) and inserting a semicolon; and
 (4) by adding at the end the following new subparagraphs:
 `(H) ensures that activities described in paragraphs (1), (2), and (3) of
 subsection (e) if funded with grants under this section will not diminish
 the effectiveness of development and implementation of commercial motor
 vehicle safety programs described in subsection (a);
 `(I) ensures that fines imposed and collected by the State for violations
 of commercial motor vehicle safety regulations will be reasonable and
 appropriate and provides that, to the maximum extent practicable, the State
 will seek to implement into law and practice the recommended fine schedule
 published by the Commercial Vehicle Safety Alliance;
 `(J) ensures that such State agency will coordinate the plan prepared under
 this section with the State highway safety plan under section 402 of title
 23, United States Code;
 `(K) ensures participation by the 48 contiguous States in SAFETYNET by
 January 1, 1994;
 `(L) gives satisfactory assurances that the State will undertake efforts
 that will emphasize and improve enforcement of State and local traffic
 safety laws and regulations pertaining to commercial motor vehicle safety;
 `(M) gives satisfactory assurances that the State will promote activities--
 `(i) to remove impaired commercial motor vehicle drivers from our Nation's
 highways through adequate enforcement of regulations on the use of alcohol
 and controlled substances and by ensuring ready roadside access to alcohol
 detection and measuring equipment;
 `(ii) to provide an appropriate level of training to its motor carrier
 safety assistance program officers and employees on the recognition of
 drivers impaired by alcohol or controlled substances;
 `(iii) to promote enforcement of the requirements relating to the licensing
 of commercial motor vehicle drivers, especially including the checking of
 the status of commercial drivers' licenses; and
 `(iv) to improve enforcement of hazardous materials transportation regulations
 by encouraging more inspections of shipper facilities affecting highway
 transportation and more comprehensive inspections of the loads of commercial
 motor vehicles transporting hazardous materials; and
 `(N) give satisfactory assurance that the State will promote--
 `(i) effective interdiction activities affecting the transportation of
 controlled substances by commercial motor vehicle drivers and training on
 appropriate strategies for carrying out such interdiction activities; and
 `(ii) effective use of trained and qualified officers and employees of
 political subdivisions and local governments, under the supervision and
 direction of the State motor vehicle safety agency, in the enforcement
 of regulations affecting commercial motor vehicle safety and hazardous
 materials transportation safety.'.
 (b) MAINTENANCE OF EFFORT- Section 402(d) of such Act is amended--
 (1) by inserting `and for enforcement of commercial motor vehicle size and
 weight limitations, for drug interdiction, and for enforcement of State
 traffic safety laws and regulations described in subsection (e)' after
 `programs';
 (2) by striking `two' and inserting `3';
 (3) by striking `this section' the second place it appears and inserting
 `the Intermodal Surface Transportation Efficiency Act of 1991'; and
 (4) by adding at the end the following new sentence: `In estimating
 such average level, the Secretary may allow the State to exclude State
 expenditures for federally sponsored demonstration or pilot programs and
 shall require the State to exclude Federal funds and State matching funds
 used to receive Federal funding under this section.'.
 (c) USE OF GRANT FUNDS FOR ENFORCEMENT OF CERTAIN OTHER LAWS- Section 402
 of such Act is amended by adding at the end the following new subsection:
 `(e) USE OF GRANT FUNDS FOR ENFORCEMENT OF CERTAIN OTHER LAWS- A State may
 use funds received under a grant under this section--
 `(1) for enforcement of commercial motor vehicle size and weight limitations
 at locations other than fixed weight facilities, at specific geographical
 locations (such as steep grades or mountainous terrains) where the weight
 of a commercial motor vehicle can significantly affect the safe operation
 of such vehicle, or at seaports where intermodal shipping containers enter
 and exit the United States;
 `(2) for detecting the unlawful presence of a controlled substance (as
 defined under section 102 of the Controlled Substances Act (21 U.S.C. 802))
 in a commercial motor vehicle or on the person of any occupant (including
 the operator) of such a vehicle; and
 `(3) for enforcement of State traffic laws and regulations designed to
 promote safe operation of commercial motor vehicles;
if such activities are carried out in conjunction with an appropriate type
of inspection of the commercial motor vehicle for enforcement of Federal or
State commercial motor vehicle safety regulations.'.
 (d) FEDERAL SHARE- Section 403 of such Act (49 U.S.C. App. 2303) is
 amended by inserting after the first sentence the following new sentence:
 `In determining such costs incurred by the State, the Secretary shall
 include in-kind contributions by the State.'.
 (e) AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS- Section 404 of such Act (49
 U.S.C. App. 2304) is amended--
 (1) in subsection (a)(2) by striking `and' before `$60,000,000' and inserting
 a comma; and
 (2) by striking the period at the end of subsection (a)(2) and inserting
 `, $65,000,000 for fiscal year 1992, $76,000,000 for fiscal year 1993,
 $80,000,000 for fiscal year 1994, $83,000,000 for fiscal year 1995,
 $85,000,000 for fiscal year 1996, and $90,000,000 for fiscal year 1997.'.
 (f) AVAILABILITY, RELEASE, AND REALLOCATION OF FUNDS- Section 404(c) of
 such Act is amended to read as follows:
 `(c) AVAILABILITY, RELEASE, AND REALLOCATION OF FUNDS- Funds made available
 by this section shall remain available for obligation by the Secretary until
 expended.  Allocations to a State shall remain available for expenditure in
 that State for the fiscal year in which they are allocated and 1 succeeding
 fiscal year. Funds not expended by a State during those 2 fiscal years
 shall be released to the Secretary for reallocation. Funds made available
 under this part which, as of October 1, 1992, were not obligated shall be
 available for reallocation and obligation under this subsection.'.
 (g) ALLOCATIONS- Section 404(f) of such Act is amended to read as follows:
 `(f) ADMINISTRATIVE EXPENSES; ALLOCATION CRITERIA-
 `(1) DEDUCTION FOR ADMINISTRATIVE EXPENSES- On October 1 of each fiscal
 year, or as soon thereafter as is practicable, the Secretary may deduct,
 for administration of this section for that fiscal year, not to exceed
 1.25 percent of the funds made available for that fiscal year by subsection
 (a)(2). At least 75 percent of the funds so deducted for administration shall
 be used for the training of non-Federal employees, and the development of
 related training materials, to carry out the purposes of section 402.
 `(2) ALLOCATION CRITERIA- On October 1 of each fiscal year, or as soon
 thereafter as is practicable, the Secretary, after making the deduction
 authorized by paragraph (1), shall allocate, among the States with plans
 approved under section 402, the available funds for that fiscal year,
 pursuant to criteria established by the Secretary; except that the Secretary,
 in allocating funds available for research, development, and demonstration
 under subsection (g)(5) and for public education under subsection (g)(6),
 may designate specific eligible States among which to allocate such funds.'.
 (h) FUNDING FOR SPECIFIED PROGRAMS- Section 404 of such Act is further
 amended by adding at the end of such section the following new subsection:
 `(g) FUNDING FOR SPECIFIED PROGRAMS-
 `(1) TRAINING OF HAZMAT INSPECTORS- The Secretary shall obligate from
 funds made available by subsection (a)(2) for each fiscal year beginning
 after September 30, 1992, not less than $1,500,000 to make grants to States
 for training inspectors for enforcement of regulations which are issued by
 the Secretary and pertain to transportation by commercial motor vehicle of
 hazardous materials.
 `(2) COMMERCIAL MOTOR VEHICLE INFORMATION SYSTEM REVIEW- The Secretary may
 obligate from funds made available by subsection (a)(2) for each of fiscal
 years 1992, 1993, 1994, 1995, 1996, and 1997 not to exceed $2,000,000
 to carry out section 407 of this title, relating to the commercial motor
 vehicle information system.
 `(3) TRUCK AND BUS ACCIDENT DATA GRANT PROGRAM- The Secretary may obligate
 from funds made available by subsection (a)(2) for each of fiscal years 1993,
 1994, 1995, 1996, and 1997 not to exceed $2,000,000 to carry out section
 408 of this title, relating to the truck and bus accident data grant program.
 `(4) ENFORCEMENT-
 `(A) TRAFFIC ENFORCEMENT ACTIVITIES- The Secretary shall obligate from funds
 made available by subsection (a)(2) for each of fiscal years 1993, 1994,
 and 1995 not less than $4,250,000 and for each of fiscal years 1996 and 1997
 not less than $5,000,000 for traffic enforcement activities with respect to
 commercial motor vehicle drivers which are carried out in conjunction with
 an appropriate inspection of a commercial motor vehicle for compliance with
 Federal or State commercial motor vehicle safety regulations.
 `(B) LICENSING REQUIREMENTS- The Secretary shall obligate from the
 funds made available by subsection (a)(2) not less than $1,000,000 for
 each of fiscal years 1993, 1994, and 1995 to increase enforcement of the
 licensing requirements of the Commercial Motor Vehicle Safety Act of 1986
 (49 U.S.C. 2701 App. et seq.) by motor carrier safety assistance program
 officers and employees, including the cost of purchasing equipment for
 and conducting inspections to check the current status of licenses issued
 pursuant to such Act.
 `(5) RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT- The Secretary shall obligate from funds made
 available by subsection (a)(2) not less than $500,000 for any fiscal year for
 research, development, and demonstration of technologies, methodologies,
 analyses, or information systems designed to promote the purposes of
 section 402 and which are beneficial to all jurisdictions. Such funds shall
 be announced publicly and awarded competitively, whenever practicable,
 to any of the eligible States for up to 100 percent of the State costs,
 or to other persons as determined by the Secretary.
 `(6) PUBLIC EDUCATION- The Secretary shall obligate from funds made available
 by subsection (a)(2) for any fiscal year not less than $350,000 to educate
 the motoring public on how to share the road safely with commercial motor
 vehicles. In carrying out such education activities, the States shall
 consult with appropriate industry representatives.'.
 (i) PAYMENTS TO STATES- Section 404 of such Act is further amended by adding
 at the end the following new subsection:
 `(h) PAYMENTS TO STATES- The Secretary shall make payments to a State of
 costs incurred by it under this section and section 402, as reflected by
 vouchers submitted by the State. Payments shall not exceed the Federal
 share of costs incurred as of the date of the vouchers.'.
 (j) MOTOR CARRIER SAFETY FUNCTIONS- There is authorized to be appropriated
 for the motor carrier safety functions of the Federal Highway Administration
 $49,317,000 for fiscal year 1992.
 (k) NEW FORMULA FOR ALLOCATION OF FUNDS- Not later than 6 months after the
 date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary, by regulation, shall develop
 an improved formula and processes for the allocation among eligible States of
 the funds made available under the motor carrier safety assistance program.
 In conducting such a revision, the Secretary shall take into account ways
 to provide incentives to States that demonstrate innovative, successful,
 cost-efficient, or cost-effective programs to promote commercial motor
 vehicle safety and hazardous materials transportation safety. In particular,
 the Secretary shall place special emphasis on incentives to States that
 conduct traffic safety enforcement activities that are coupled with motor
 carrier safety inspections. In improving the formula, the Secretary shall
 also take into account ways to provide incentives to States that increase
 compatibility of State commercial motor vehicle safety and hazardous
 materials transportation regulations with the Federal safety regulations
 and promote other factors intended to promote effectiveness and efficiency
 that the Secretary determines appropriate.
 (l) INTRASTATE COMPATIBILITY- Not later than 9 months after the date of
 the enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall issue final regulations
 specifying tolerance guidelines and standards for ensuring compatibility
 of intrastate commercial motor vehicle safety law and regulations with the
 Federal motor carrier safety regulations under the motor carrier safety
 assistance program. Such guidelines and standards shall, to the extent
 practicable, allow for maximum flexibility while ensuring the degree of
 uniformity that will not diminish transportation safety. In the review of
 State plans and the allocation or granting of funds under section 153 of
 title 23, United States Code, as added by this Act, the Secretary shall
 ensure that such guidelines and standards are applied uniformly.
SEC. 4003. COMMERCIAL MOTOR VEHICLE INFORMATION SYSTEM.
 Part A of title IV of the Surface Transportation Assistance Act of 1982
 (49 U.S.C. App. 2301-2305) is amended by adding at the end the following
 new section:
`SEC. 407. COMMERCIAL VEHICLE INFORMATION SYSTEM PROGRAM.
 `(a) INFORMATION SYSTEM-
 `(1) REGISTRATION SYSTEMS REVIEW- Not later than 1 year after the effective
 date of this section, the Secretary, in cooperation with the States, shall
 conduct a review of State motor vehicle registration systems pertaining to
 license tags for commercial motor vehicles in order to determine whether
 or not such systems could be utilized in carrying out this section.
 `(2) ESTABLISHMENT- The Secretary, in cooperation with the States, may
 establish, as part of the motor carrier safety information network system of
 the Department of Transportation and similar State systems, an information
 system which will serve as a clearinghouse and depository of information
 pertaining to State registration and licensing of commercial motor vehicles
 and the safety fitness of the registrants of such vehicles.
 `(3) OPERATION- Operation of the information system established under
 paragraph (2) shall be paid for by a system of user fees. The Secretary
 may authorize the operation of the information system by contract, through
 an agreement with a State or States, or by designating, after consultation
 with the States, a third party which represents the interests of the States.
 `(4) DATA COLLECTION AND REPORTING STANDARDS- The Secretary shall establish
 standards to ensure uniform data collection and reporting by all States
 necessary to carry out this section and to ensure the availability and
 reliability of the information to the States and the Secretary from the
 information system established under paragraph (2).
 `(5) TYPE OF INFORMATION- As part of the information system established
 under paragraph (2), the Secretary shall include information on the safety
 fitness of the registrant of the commercial motor vehicle and such other
 information as the Secretary considers appropriate, including data on
 vehicle inspections and out-of-service orders.
 `(b) DEMONSTRATION PROJECT- The Secretary shall make grants to States to
 carry out a project to demonstrate methods of establishing an information
 system which will link the motor carrier safety information network system
 of the Department of Transportation and similar State systems with the motor
 vehicle registration and licensing systems of the States. The purposes of
 the project shall be--
 `(1) to allow a State when issuing license plates for a commercial motor
 vehicle to determine through use of the information system the safety
 fitness of the person seeking to register the vehicle; and
 `(2) to determine the types of sanctions which may be imposed on the
 registrant, or the types of conditions or limitations which may be imposed
 on the operations of the registrant, to ensure the safety fitness of the
 registrant.
 `(c) REGULATIONS- The Secretary shall issue such regulations as may be
 necessary to carry out this section.
 `(d) REPORT- Not later than January 1, 1995, the Secretary shall prepare and
 submit to Congress a report assessing the cost and benefits and feasibility of
 the information system established under this section and, if the Secretary
 determines that such system would be beneficial on a nationwide basis,
 including recommendations on legislation for the nationwide implementation
 of such system.
 `(e) FUNDING- Funds necessary to carry out this section may be made available
 by the Secretary as provided in section 404(g)(2) of this title.
 `(f) COMMERCIAL MOTOR VEHICLE DEFINED- For purposes of this section, the term
 `commercial motor vehicle' means any self-propelled or towed vehicle used
 on highways in intrastate or interstate commerce to transport passengers
 or property--
 `(1) if such vehicle has a gross vehicle weight rating of 10,001 or more
 pounds;
 `(2) if such vehicle is designed to transport more than 15 passengers,
 including the driver; or
 `(3) if such vehicle is used in the transportation of materials found by
 the Secretary to be hazardous for the purposes of the Hazardous Materials
 Transportation Act (49 U.S.C. App. 1801 et seq.) and are transported in
 a quantity requiring placarding under regulations issued by the Secretary
 under such Act.'.
SEC. 4004. TRUCK AND BUS ACCIDENT DATA GRANT PROGRAM.
 Part A of title IV of the Surface Transportation Assistance Act of 1982
 (49 U.S.C. App. 2301-2305) is further amended by adding at the end the
 following new section:
`SEC. 408. TRUCK AND BUS ACCIDENT DATA GRANT PROGRAM.
 `(a) GENERAL AUTHORITY- The Secretary shall make grants to States which agree
 to adopt or have adopted the recommendations of the National Governors'
 Association with respect to police accident reports for truck and bus
 accidents.
 `(b) GRANT PURPOSES- Grants may only be made under this section for assisting
 States in the implementation of the recommendations referred to in subsection
 (a), including--
 `(1) assisting States in designing appropriate forms;
 `(2) drafting instruction manuals;
 `(3) training appropriate State and local officers, including training
 on accident investigation techniques to determine the probable cause of
 accidents;
 `(4) analyzing and evaluating safety data so as to develop, if necessary,
 recommended changes to existing safety programs that more effectively would
 address the causes of truck and bus accidents; and
 `(5) such other activities as the Secretary determines are appropriate to
 carry out the objectives of this section.
 `(c) COORDINATION- The Secretary shall coordinate grants made under this
 section with the highway safety programs being carried out under section
 402 of title 23, United States Code, and may require that the data from the
 reports described in subsection (a) be included in the reports made to the
 Secretary under the uniform data collection and reporting program carried
 out under such section.
 `(d) FUNDING- Funds necessary to carry out this section may be made available
 by the Secretary as provided in section 404(g)(3) of this title.'.
SEC. 4005. SINGLE STATE REGISTRATION SYSTEM.
 Section 11506 of title 49, United States Code, is amended to read as follows:
`Sec. 11506. Registration of motor carriers by a State
 `(a) DEFINITIONS- In this section, the terms `standards' and `amendments
 to standards' mean the specification of forms and procedures required by
 regulations of the Interstate Commerce Commission to prove the lawfulness
 of transportation by motor carrier referred to in section 10521(a) (1) and
 (2) of this title.
 `(b) GENERAL RULE- The requirement of a State that a motor carrier,
 providing transportation subject to the jurisdiction of the Commission under
 subchapter II of chapter 105 of this title and providing transportation
 in that State, register the certificate or permit issued to the carrier
 under section 10922 or 10923 of this title is not an unreasonable burden
 on transportation referred to in section 10521(a) (1) and (2) of this
 title when the registration is completed under standards of the Commission
 under subsection (c) of this section. When a State registration requirement
 imposes obligations in excess of the standards, the part in excess is an
 unreasonable burden.
 `(c) SINGLE STATE REGISTRATION SYSTEM-
 `(1) IN GENERAL- Not later than 18 months after the date of the enactment of
 the Intermodal Surface Transportation Efficiency Act of 1991, the Commission
 shall prescribe amendments to the standards existing as of such date of
 enactment. Such amendments shall implement a system under which--
 `(A) a motor carrier is required to register annually with only one State;
 `(B) the State of registration shall fully comply with standards prescribed
 under this section; and
 `(C) such single State registration shall be deemed to satisfy the
 registration requirements of all other States.
 `(2) SPECIFIC REQUIREMENTS-
 `(A) EVIDENCE OF CERTIFICATE; PROOF OF INSURANCE; PAYMENT OF FEES- Under
 the amended standards implementing the single State registration system
 described in paragraph (1) of this subsection, only a State acting in its
 capacity as registration State under such single State system may require
 a motor carrier holding a certificate or permit issued under this subtitle--
 `(i) to file and maintain evidence of such certificate or permit;
 `(ii) to file satisfactory proof of required insurance or qualification as
 a self-insurer;
 `(iii) to pay directly to such State fee amounts in accordance with the fee
 system established under subparagraph (B)(iv) of this paragraph, subject to
 allocation of fee revenues among all States in which the carrier operates
 and which participate in the single State registration system; and
 `(iv) to file the name of a local agent for service of process.
 `(B) RECEIPTS; FEE SYSTEM- Such amended standards--
 `(i) shall require that the registration State issue a receipt, in a form
 prescribed under the amended standards, reflecting that the carrier has
 filed proof of insurance as provided under subparagraph (A)(ii) of this
 paragraph and has paid fee amounts in accordance with the fee system
 established under clause (iv) of this subparagraph;
 `(ii) shall require that copies of the receipt issued under clause (i) of
 this subparagraph be kept in each of the carrier's commercial motor vehicles;
 `(iii) shall not require decals, stamps, cab cards, or any other means of
 registering or identifying specific vehicles operated by the carrier;
 `(iv) shall establish a fee system for the filing of proof of insurance
 as provided under subparagraph (A)(ii) of this paragraph that (I) will
 be based on the number of commercial motor vehicles the carrier operates
 in a State and on the number of States in which the carrier operates, (II)
 will minimize the costs of complying with the registration system, and (III)
 will result in a fee for each participating State that is equal to the fee,
 not to exceed $10 per vehicle, that such State collected or charged as of
 November 15, 1991; and
 `(v) shall not authorize the charging or collection of any fee for filing
 and maintaining a certificate or permit under subparagraph (A)(i) of this
 paragraph.
 `(C) PROHIBITED FEES- The charging or collection of any fee under this
 section that is not in accordance with the fee system established under
 subparagraph (B)(iv) of this paragraph shall be deemed to be a burden on
 interstate commerce.
 `(D) LIMITATION ON PARTICIPATION BY STATES- Only a State which, as of January
 1, 1991, charged or collected a fee for a vehicle identification stamp or
 number under part 1023 of title 49, Code of Federal Regulations, shall be
 eligible to participate as a registration State under this subsection or
 to receive any fee revenue under this sub-section.
 `(3) EFFECTIVE DATE OF AMENDMENTS- Amendments prescribed under this subsection
 shall take effect by January 1, 1994.
 `(d) INTERPRETATION AUTHORITY OF COMMISSION- This section does not affect
 the authority of the Commission to interpret its regulations and certificates
 and permits issued under section 10922 or 10923 of this title.'.
SEC. 4006. VEHICLE LENGTH RESTRICTION.
 (a) CARGO CARRYING UNIT LIMITATION- Section 411 of the Surface Transportation
 Assistance Act of 1982 (49 U.S.C. App. 2311) is amended by adding at the
 end the following new subsection:
 `(j) CARGO CARRYING UNIT LIMITATION-
 `(1) IN GENERAL- No State shall allow by statute, regulation, permit, or any
 other means the operation on any segment of the National System of Interstate
 and Defense Highways and those classes of qualifying Federal-aid primary
 system highways as designated by the Secretary pursuant to subsection (e)
 of this section, of any commercial motor vehicle combination (except for
 those vehicles and loads which cannot be easily dismantled or divided and
 which have been issued special permits in accordance with applicable State
 laws) with 2 or more cargo carrying units (not including the truck tractor)
 whose cargo carrying units exceed--
 `(A) the maximum combination trailer, semitrailer, or other type of length
 limitation authorized by statute or regulation of that State on or before
 June 1, 1991; or
 `(B) the length of the cargo carrying units of those commercial motor vehicle
 combinations, by specific configuration, in actual, lawful operation on
 a regular or periodic basis (including continuing seasonal operation)
 in that State on or before June 1, 1991.
 `(2) WYOMING, OHIO, AND ALASKA-
 `(A) WYOMING- In addition to those vehicles allowed under paragraphs (1)(A)
 and (1)(B), the State of Wyoming may allow the operation of additional vehicle
 configurations not in actual operation on June 1, 1991, but authorized by
 State law not later than November 3, 1992, if such vehicle configurations
 comply with the single axle, tandem axle, and bridge formula limits set
 forth in section 127(a) of title 23, United States Code, and do not exceed
 117,000 pounds gross vehicle weight.
 `(B) OHIO- In addition to vehicles which the State of Ohio may continue to
 allow to be operated under paragraphs (1)(A) and (1)(B), such State may allow
 commercial motor vehicle combinations with 3 cargo carrying units of 28 1/2
 feet each (not including the truck tractor) not in actual operation on June
 1, 1991, to be operated within its boundaries on the 1-mile segment of Ohio
 State Route 7 which begins at and is south of exit 16 of the Ohio Turnpike.
 `(C) ALASKA- In addition to vehicles which the State of Alaska may continue
 to allow to be operated under paragraphs (1)(A) and (1)(B), such State may
 allow operation of commercial motor vehicle combinations which were not in
 actual operation on June 1, 1991, but which were in actual operation prior
 to July 6, 1991.
 `(3) MEASUREMENT OF LENGTH- For purposes of this subsection, the length of
 the cargo carrying units of a commercial motor vehicle combination is the
 length measured from the front of the first cargo carrying unit to the rear
 of the last cargo carrying unit.
 `(4) LIMITATIONS- Commercial motor vehicle combinations whose operations in a
 State are not prohibited under paragraphs (1) and (2) of this subsection may
 continue to operate in such State on the highways described in paragraph (1)
 only if in compliance with, at the minimum, all State statutes, regulations,
 limitations, and conditions, including but not limited to routing-specific
 and configuration-specific designations and all other restrictions in force
 in such State on June 1, 1991; except that subject to such regulations as
 may be issued by the Secretary, pursuant to paragraph (8) of this subsection,
 the State may make minor adjustments of a temporary and emergency nature to
 route designations and vehicle operating restrictions in effect on June 1,
 1991, for specific safety purposes and road construction. Nothing in this
 subsection shall prevent any State from further restricting in any manner
 or prohibiting the operation of any commercial motor vehicle combination
 subject to this subsection, except that such restrictions or prohibitions
 shall be consistent with the requirements of this section and of section
 412 and section 416 (a) and (b) of this Act. Any State further restricting
 or prohibiting the operations of commercial motor vehicle combinations
 or making such minor adjustments of a temporary and emergency nature as
 may be allowed pursuant to regulations issued by the Secretary pursuant to
 paragraph (8) of this subsection shall advise the Secretary within 30 days
 after such action and the Secretary shall publish a notice of such action
 in the Federal Register.
 `(5) LIST OF STATE LENGTH LIMITATIONS-
 `(A) SUBMISSION TO SECRETARY- Within 60 days after the date of the enactment
 of this subsection, each State shall submit to the Secretary for publication
 a complete list of State length limitations applicable to commercial motor
 vehicle combinations operating in each State on the highways described in
 paragraph (1). The list shall indicate the applicable State statutes and
 regulations associated with such length limitations. If a State does not
 submit information as required, the Secretary shall complete and file such
 information for such State.
 `(B) INTERIM LIST- Not later than 90 days after the date of the enactment of
 this subsection, the Secretary shall publish an interim list in the Federal
 Register, consisting of all information submitted pursuant to subparagraph
 (A). The Secretary shall review for accuracy all information submitted
 by the States pursuant to subparagraph (A) and shall solicit and consider
 public comment on the accuracy of all such information.
 `(C) LIMITATION- No statute or regulation shall be included on the list
 submitted by a State or published by the Secretary merely on the grounds
 that it authorized, or could have authorized, by permit or otherwise, the
 operation of commercial motor vehicle combinations not in actual operation
 on a regular or periodic basis on or before June 1, 1991.
 `(D) FINAL LIST- Except as modified pursuant to subparagraph (B) or (E) of
 this subsection, the list shall be published as final in the Federal Register
 not later than 180 days after the date of the enactment of this subsection. In
 publishing the final list, the Secretary shall make any revisions necessary
 to correct inaccuracies identified under subparagraph (B). After publication
 of the final list, commercial motor vehicle combinations prohibited under
 paragraph (1) may not operate on the National System of Interstate and
 Defense Highways and other Federal-aid primary system highways as designated
 by the Secretary except as published on the list. The list may be combined
 by the Secretary with the list required under section 127(d) of title 23,
 United States Code.
 `(E) REVIEW AND CORRECTION PROCEDURE- The Secretary, on his or her own
 motion or upon a request by any person (including a State), shall review
 the list issued by the Secretary pursuant to subparagraph (D). If the
 Secretary determines there is cause to believe that a mistake was made in
 the accuracy of the final list, the Secretary shall commence a proceeding
 to determine whether the list published pursuant to subparagraph (D) should
 be corrected. If the Secretary determines that there is a mistake in the
 accuracy of the list, the Secretary shall correct the publication under
 subparagraph (D) to reflect the determination of the Secretary.
 `(6) LIMITATIONS ON STATUTORY CONSTRUCTION- Nothing in this subsection
 shall be construed to--
 `(A) allow the operation on any segment of the National System of Interstate
 and Defense Highways of any longer combination vehicle prohibited under
 section 127(d) of title 23, United States Code;
 `(B) affect in any way the operation of commercial motor vehicles having
 only 1 cargo carrying unit; or
 `(C) affect in any way the operation in a State of commercial motor vehicles
 with 2 or more cargo carrying units if such vehicles were in actual
 operation on a regular or periodic basis (including seasonal operation)
 in that State on or before June 1, 1991, authorized under State statute,
 regulation, or lawful State permit.
 `(7) CARGO CARRYING UNIT DEFINED- As used in this subsection, `cargo carrying
 unit' means any portion of a commercial motor vehicle combination (other
 than the truck tractor) used for the carrying of cargo, including a trailer,
 semitrailer, or the cargo carrying section of a single unit truck.
 `(8) REGULATIONS REGARDING MINOR ADJUSTMENTS- Not later than 180 days after
 the date of the enactment of this subsection, the Secretary shall issue
 regulations establishing criteria for the States to follow in making minor
 adjustments under paragraph (4).
 `(9) REGULATIONS FOR DEFINING NONEASILY DISMANTLED OR DIVIDED LOADS- For the
 purposes of this subsection only, the Secretary shall define by regulation
 loads which cannot be easily dismantled or divided.'.
 (b) APPLICABILITY TO BUSES-
 (1) GENERAL RULE- Section 411(a) of such Act is amended by inserting `of less
 than 45 feet on the length of any bus,' after `vehicle length limitation'.
 (2) ACCESS TO POINTS OF LOADING AND UNLOADING- Section 412(a)(2) of such Act
 is amended by inserting `, motor carrier of passengers,' after `household
 goods carriers'.
 (c) CONFORMING AMENDMENT- Section 411(e)(1) of such Act is amended by
 striking `those Primary System highways' and inserting `those highways of
 the Federal-aid primary system in existence on June 1, 1991,'.
SEC. 4007. TRAINING OF DRIVERS; LONGER COMBINATION VEHICLE REGULATIONS,
STUDIES, AND TESTING.
 (a) ENTRY LEVEL-
 (1) STUDY OF PRIVATE SECTOR- Not later than 12 months after the date
 of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall report to Congress on
 the effectiveness of the efforts of the private sector to ensure adequate
 training of entry level drivers of commercial motor vehicles. In preparing
 the report, the Secretary shall solicit the views of interested persons.
 (2) RULEMAKING PROCEEDING- Not later than 12 months after the date of the
 enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall commence a rulemaking proceeding
 on the need to require training of all entry level drivers of commercial
 motor vehicles. Such rulemaking proceeding shall be completed not later
 than 24 months after the date of such enactment.
 (3) FOLLOWUP STUDY- If the Secretary determines under the proceeding conducted
 under paragraph (2) that it is not in the public interest to issue a rule
 that requires training for all entry level drivers, the Secretary shall
 submit to the Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation of the
 Senate and the Committee on Public Works and Transportation of the House of
 Representatives not later than 25 months after the date of the enactment
 of this Act a report on the reasons for such decision, together with the
 results of a cost benefit analysis which the Secretary shall conduct with
 respect to such proceeding.
 (b) LCVS TRAINING REQUIREMENTS-
 (1) INITIATION OF RULEMAKING PROCEEDING- Not later than 60 days after the
 date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall initiate a rulemaking
 proceeding to establish minimum training requirements for operators of
 longer combination vehicles. This training shall include certification of
 an operator's proficiency by an instructor who has met the requirements
 established by the Secretary.
 (2) FINAL RULE- Not later than 24 months after the date of the enactment of
 this Act, the Secretary shall issue a final regulation establishing minimum
 training requirements for operators of longer combination vehicles.
 (c) SAFETY CHARACTERISTICS-
 (1) STUDY- The Comptroller General shall conduct a study of the safety
 of longer combination vehicles for the purpose of comparing the safety
 characteristics and performance, including engineering and design safety
 characteristics, of such vehicles to other truck-trailer combination
 vehicles and for the purpose of reviewing the history and effectiveness of
 State safety enforcement pertaining to such vehicles for those States in
 which such vehicles are permitted to operate. Such study shall include an
 assessment of each of the following:
 (A) The adequacy of currently available data bases for the purpose of
 determining the safety of longer combination vehicles and recommending
 safety improvements.
 (B) Whether or not such States are actively monitoring the safety of such
 operations.
 (C) The best available information on the safety of such operations.
 (D) Enforcement actions which have been taken in such States to ensure the
 safety of such operations.
 (E) Current procedures and controls used by such States to ensure the safety
 of operation of such vehicles.
 (F) Whether or not any special inspections of equipment maintenance is
 required to improve the safety of such operations.
 (G) The economic and safety impact of longer combination vehicles on shared
 highways.
 (2) REPORT- Not later than 2 years after the date of the enactment of this
 Act, the Comptroller General shall transmit a report on the results of the
 study conducted under paragraph (1) to the Committee on Environment and
 Public Works and the Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation
 of the Senate and the Committee on Public Works and Transportation of the
 House of Representatives.
 (d) OPERATIONS OF LONGER COMBINATION VEHICLES-
 (1) TESTS- The Secretary shall conduct on the road tests with respect to
 the driver and vehicle characteristics of operations of longer combination
 vehicles for the purpose of determining whether or not any modifications
 are necessary to the Federal commercial motor vehicle safety standards
 of the Department of Transportation as they apply to longer combination
 vehicles. At a minimum, such tests shall examine driver fatigue and stress
 and time of operation characteristics. Such tests also shall examine the
 characteristics of longer combination vehicles, including an assessment of
 on board computers, anti-lock brakes, and anti-trailer under ride systems
 to determine the potential safety effectiveness of those technologies as
 applied to such vehicles.
 (2) REPORT- Not later than 3 years after the date of the enactment of this
 Act, the Secretary shall transmit a report on the results of the tests
 conducted under paragraph (1) to the Committee on Environment and Public
 Works and the Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation of the
 Senate and the Committee on Public Works and Transportation of the House
 of Representatives.
 (e) FUNDING- There shall be available to the Secretary for carrying out
 this section, out of the Highway Trust Fund (other than the Mass Transit
 Account), $1,000,000 per fiscal year for each of fiscal years 1992, 1993,
 and 1994. Such sums shall remain available until expended.
 (f) LONGER COMBINATION VEHICLE DEFINED- For the purposes of this section, the
 term `longer combination vehicle' means any combination of a truck tractor
 and 2 or more trailers or semitrailers which operate on the National System
 of Interstate and Defense Highways with a gross vehicle weight greater than
 80,000 pounds.
SEC. 4008. PARTICIPATION IN INTERNATIONAL REGISTRATION PLAN AND INTERNATIONAL
FUEL TAX AGREEMENT.
 (a) WORKING GROUP- Not later than 180 days after the date of the enactment
 of this Act, the Secretary shall establish a working group comprised of
 State and local government officials, including representatives of the
 National Governors' Association, the American Association of Motor Vehicle
 Administrators, the National Conference of State Legislatures, the Federation
 of Tax Administrators, the Board of Directors for the International Fuel
 Tax Agreement, and a representative of the Regional Fuel Tax Agreement,
 for the purpose of--
 (1) proposing procedures for resolving disputes among States participating
 in the International Registration Plan and among States participating in
 the International Fuel Tax Agreement including designation of the Department
 of Transportation or any other person for resolving such disputes; and
 (2) providing technical assistance to States participating or seeking to
 participate in the Plan or in the Agreement.
 (b) CONSULTATION REQUIREMENT- The working group established under this
 section shall consult with members of the motor carrier industry in carrying
 out subsection (a).
 (c) REPORTS- Not later than 24 months after the date of the enactment of this
 Act, the working group established under this section shall transmit a report
 to the Secretary, to the Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation
 of the Senate, to the Committee on Public Works and Transportation and
 the Committee on the Judiciary of the House of Representatives, to those
 States participating in the International Registration Plan, and to those
 States participating in the International Fuel Tax Agreement. The report
 shall contain a detailed statement of the findings and conclusions of
 the working group, together with its joint recommendations concerning the
 matters referred to in subsection (a). After transmission of such report,
 the working group may periodically review and modify the findings and
 conclusions and the joint recommendations as appropriate and transmit a
 report containing such modifications to the Secretary and such committees.
 (d) APPLICABILITY OF ADVISORY COMMITTEE ACT- The working group established
 under this section shall not be subject to the Federal Advisory Committee Act.
 (e) GRANTS-
 (1) IN GENERAL- The Secretary may make grants to States and appropriate
 persons for the purpose of facilitating participation in the International
 Registration Plan and participation in the International Fuel Tax Agreement
 and for the purpose of administrative improvements in any other base State
 fuel use tax agreement in existence as of January 1, 1991, including such
 purposes as providing technical assistance, personnel training, travel costs,
 and technology and equipment associated with such participation.
 (2) CONTRACT AUTHORITY- Notwithstanding any other provision of law, approval
 by the Secretary of a grant with funds made available under this section
 shall be deemed a contractual obligation of the United States for payment
 of the Federal share of the grant.
 (f) VEHICLE REGISTRATION- After September 30, 1996, no State (other than a
 State which is participating in the International Registration Plan) shall
 establish, maintain, or enforce any commercial motor vehicle registration
 law, regulation, or agreement which limits the operation of any commercial
 motor vehicle within its borders which is not registered under the laws of
 the State if the vehicle is registered under the laws of any other State
 participating in the International Registration Plan.
 (g) FUEL USE TAX-
 (1) REPORTING REQUIREMENTS- After September 30, 1996, no State shall
 establish, maintain, or enforce any law or regulation which has fuel use
 tax reporting requirements (including tax reporting forms) which are not
 in conformity with the International Fuel Tax Agreement.
 (2) PAYMENT- After September 30, 1996, no State shall establish, maintain,
 or enforce any law or regulation which provides for the payment of a fuel use
 tax unless such law or regulation is in conformity with the International
 Fuel Tax Agreement with respect to collection of such a tax by a single
 base State and proportional sharing of such taxes charged among the States
 where a commercial motor vehicle is operated.
 (3) LIMITATION- For purposes of paragraphs (1) and (2), in the event of an
 amendment to the International Fuel Tax Agreement, conformity by a State
 that is not participating in such Agreement when such amendment is made
 may not be required with respect to such amendment until a reasonable time
 period for such conformity has elapsed, but in no case earlier than--
 (A) the expiration of the 365-day period beginning on the first day that
 the corresponding compliance with such amendment is required of States that
 are participating in such Agreement; or
 (B) the expiration of the 365-day period beginning on the day the relevant
 office of the State receives written notice of such amendment from the
 Secretary.
 (4) EXCEPTION- Paragraphs (1), (2), and (3) shall not apply with respect
 to a State that participates on January 1, 1991, in the Regional Fuel Tax
 Agreement and that continues to participate after such date in such Agreement.
 (h) ENFORCEMENT-
 (1) ACTION- On the request of the Secretary, the Attorney General may
 commence, in a court of competent jurisdiction, a civil action for such
 injunctive relief as may be appropriate to ensure compliance with subsections
 (f) and (g).
 (2) VENUE- Such action may be commenced only in the State in which relief
 is required to ensure such compliance.
 (3) RELIEF- Subject to section 1341 of title 28, United States Code, such
 court, upon a proper showing--
 (A) shall issue a temporary restraining order or a preliminary or permanent
 injunction; and
 (B) may require in such injunction that the State or any person comply with
 such subsections.
 (i) LIMITATIONS ON STATUTORY CONSTRUCTION- Nothing in subsections (f) and
 (g) shall be construed as limiting the amount of money a State may charge
 for registration of a commercial motor vehicle or the amount of any fuel
 use tax a State may impose.
 (j) FUNDING- There is authorized to be appropriated out of the Highway Trust
 Fund (other than the Mass Transit Account) for fiscal year 1992 $1,000,000 for
 funding the activities of the working group under this section and $5,000,000
 for making grants under subsection (e). Amounts authorized by the preceding
 sentence shall be subject to the obligation limitation established by section
 102 of this Act for fiscal year 1992. From sums made available under section
 404 of the Surface Transportation Assistance Act of 1982, the Secretary shall
 provide for each of fiscal years 1993 through 1997 $1,000,000 for funding the
 activities of the working group under this section and $5,000,000 for making
 grants under subsection (e). Such sums shall remain available until expended.
 (k) DEFINITIONS- In this section, the following definitions apply:
 (1) COMMERCIAL MOTOR VEHICLE- The term `commercial motor vehicle'--
 (A) as used with respect to the International Registration Plan, has the
 meaning the term `apportionable vehicle' has under such plan; and
 (B) as used with respect to the International Fuel Tax Agreement, has the
 meaning the term `qualified motor vehicle' has under such agreement.
 (2) FUEL USE TAX- The term `fuel use tax' means a tax imposed on or measured
 by the consumption of fuel in a motor vehicle.
 (3) INTERNATIONAL FUEL TAX AGREEMENT- The term `International Fuel Tax
 Agreement' means the interstate agreement for the collection and distribution
 of fuel use taxes paid by motor carriers, developed under the auspices of
 the National Governors' Association.
 (4) INTERNATIONAL REGISTRATION PLAN- The term `International Registration
 Plan' means the interstate agreement for the apportionment of vehicle
 registration fees paid by motor carriers, developed by the American
 Association of Motor Vehicle Administrators.
 (5) REGIONAL FUEL TAX AGREEMENT- The term `Regional Fuel Tax Agreement' means
 the interstate agreement for the collection and distribution of fuel use taxes
 paid by motor carriers in the States of Maine, Vermont, and New Hampshire.
 (6) STATE- The term `State' means the 48 contiguous States and the District
 of Columbia.
SEC. 4009. VIOLATIONS OF OUT-OF-SERVICE ORDERS.
  (a) FEDERAL REGULATIONS- The Commercial Motor Vehicle Safety Act of 1986
  (49 U.S.C. App. 2701-2716) is amended by adding at the end the following
  new section:
`SEC. 12020. VIOLATION OF OUT-OF-SERVICE ORDERS.
 `(a) REGULATIONS- The Secretary shall issue regulations establishing
 sanctions and penalties relating to violations of out-of-service orders by
 persons operating commercial motor vehicles.
 `(b) MINIMUM REQUIREMENTS- Regulations issued under subsection (a) shall,
 at a minimum, require that--
 `(1) any operator of a commercial motor vehicle who is found to have committed
 a first violation of an out-of-service order shall be disqualified from
 operating such a vehicle for a period of not less than 90 days and shall
 be subject to a civil penalty of not less than $1,000;
 `(2) any operator of a commercial motor vehicle who is found to have committed
 a second violation of an out-of-service order shall be disqualified from
 operating such a vehicle for a period of not less than 1 year and not
 more than 5 years and shall be subject to a civil penalty of not less than
 $1,000; and
 `(3) any employer that knowingly allows, permits, authorizes, or requires
 an employee to operate a commercial motor vehicle in violation of an
 out-of-service order shall be subject to a civil penalty of not more than
 $10,000.
 `(c) DEADLINES- The regulations required under subsection (a) shall be
 developed pursuant to a rulemaking proceeding initiated within 60 days
 after the date of the enactment of this section and shall be issued not
 later than 12 months after such date of enactment.'.
 (b) STATE REGULATIONS- Section 12009(a)(21) of the Commercial Motor Vehicle
 Safety Act of 1986 (49 U.S.C. App. 2708(a)(21)) is amended by inserting
 `and section 12020(a)' before the period at the end.
SEC. 4010. EXEMPTION OF CUSTOM HARVESTING FARM MACHINERY.
 Section 12019(5) of the Commercial Motor Vehicle Safety Act of 1986
 (49 U.S.C. App. 2716(5)), relating to the definition of motor vehicle,
 is amended by inserting `or custom harvesting farm machinery' before the
 period at the end.
SEC. 4011. COMMON CARRIERS PROVIDING TRANSPORTATION FOR CHARITABLE PURPOSES.
 Section 10723(b) of title 49, United States Code, is amended--
 (1) in paragraph (2) by inserting `(other than a motor carrier of passengers)'
 after `carrier'; and
 (2) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
 `(3) In the case of a motor carrier of passengers, that carrier may
 also establish a rate and related rule equal to the rate charged for the
 transportation of 1 individual when that rate is for the transportation of--
 `(A) a totally blind individual and an accompanying guide or a dog trained
 to guide the individual;
 `(B) a disabled individual and accompanying attendant, or animal trained
 to assist the individual, or both, when required because of disability; or
 `(C) a hearing-impaired individual and a dog trained to assist the
 individual.'.
SEC. 4012. BRAKE PERFORMANCE STANDARDS.
 (a) INITIATION OF RULEMAKING- Not later than May 31, 1992, the Secretary shall
 initiate rulemaking concerning methods for improving braking performance
 of new commercial motor vehicles, including truck tractors, trailers, and
 their dollies. Such rulemaking shall include an examination of antilock
 systems, means of improving brake compatibility, and methods of ensuring
 effectiveness of brake timing.
 (b) LIMITATION WITH RESPECT TO RULES- Any rule which the Secretary determines
 to issue regarding improved braking performance pursuant to the rulemaking
 initiated under this section shall take into account the need for the rule
 and, in the case of trailers, shall include articulated vehicles and their
 manufacturers.
 (c) RULEMAKING PROCEDURE- Any rulemaking under this section shall,
 consistent with section 229 of the Motor Carrier Safety Act of 1984 (49
 U.S.C. App. 2519(b)), be carried out pursuant to, and in accordance with,
 the National Traffic and Motor Vehicle Safety Act of 1966.
 (d) COMPLETION OF RULEMAKING- The Secretary shall complete the rulemaking
 within 18 months after its initiation; except that the Secretary may extend
 that period for an additional 6 months after giving notice in the Federal
 Register of the need for such an extension. Such extension shall not be
 reviewable.
 (e) LIMITATION ON STATUTORY CONSTRUCTION- Nothing in this section shall
 be construed as affecting the authority of the Secretary under this Act
 (or preventing the Secretary) from simultaneously initiating a rulemaking
 concerning methods for improving brake performance in the case of vehicles,
 other than new manufactured commercial motor vehicles, and for considering
 the necessity for effective enforcement of any rule relating to improving
 such performance as part of the rulemaking proceeding and for considering
 the reliability, maintainability, and durability of any brake equipment.
 (f) COMMERCIAL MOTOR VEHICLE DEFINED- For purposes of this section only, the
 term `commercial motor vehicle' means any self-propelled or towed vehicle
 used on highways to transport passengers or property if such vehicle has
 a gross vehicle weight rating of 26,001 or more pounds.
SEC. 4013. FHWA POSITIONS.
 To help implement the purposes of this title, the Secretary in fiscal
 year 1992 shall employ and maintain thereafter 2 additional employees in
 positions at the headquarters of the Federal Highway Administration in
 excess of the number of employees authorized for fiscal year 1991 for the
 Federal Highway Administration.
SEC. 4014. COMPLIANCE REVIEW PRIORITY.
 If the Secretary identifies a pattern of violations of State or local
 traffic safety laws or regulations, or commercial motor vehicle safety
 rules, regulations, standards, or orders, among the drivers of commercial
 motor vehicles employed by a particular motor carrier, the Secretary or a
 State representative shall ensure that such motor carrier receives a high
 priority for review of such carrier's compliance with applicable Federal
 and State commercial motor vehicle safety regulations.
TITLE V--INTERMODAL TRANSPORTATION
SEC. 5001. NATIONAL GOAL TO PROMOTE INTERMODAL TRANSPORTATION.
 Section 302 of title 49, United States Code (relating to policy standards
 for transportation), is further amended by adding at the end the following
 new subsection:
 `(e) INTERMODAL TRANSPORTATION- It is the policy of the United States
 Government to encourage and promote development of a national intermodal
 transportation system in the United States to move people and goods in an
 energy-efficient manner, provide the foundation for improved productivity
 growth, strengthen the Nation's ability to compete in the global economy,
 and obtain the optimum yield from the Nation's transportation resources.'.
SEC. 5002. DUTIES OF SECRETARY; OFFICE OF INTERMODALISM.
 (a) DUTIES OF SECRETARY- Section 301 of title 49, United States Code (relating
 to leadership, consultation and cooperation), is amended by redesignating
 paragraphs (3) through (7) as paragraphs (4) through (8), respectively,
 and by inserting after paragraph (2) the following new paragraph:
 `(3) coordinate Federal policy on intermodal transportation and initiate
 policies to promote efficient intermodal transportation in the United
 States;'.
 (b) INTERMODAL TRANSPORTATION ADVISORY BOARD.-
 (1) ESTABLISHMENT- There shall be established within the Office of the
 Secretary an Intermodal Transportation Advisory Board.
 (2) MEMBERSHIP- The Intermodal Transportation Advisory Board shall consist
 of the Secretary, who shall serve as Chairman, and the Administrator,
 or his or her designee, of--
 (A) the Federal Highway Administration;
 (B) the Federal Aviation Administration;
 (C) the Maritime Administration;
 (D) the Federal Railroad Administration; and
 (E) the Federal Transit Administration.
 (3) FUNCTIONS- The Intermodal Transportation Advisory Board shall provide
 recommendations for carrying out the responsibilities of the Secretary
 described in section 301(3) of title 49, United States Code.
 (c) OFFICE OF INTERMODALISM-
 (1) ESTABLISHMENT- The Secretary shall establish within the Office of the
 Secretary an Office of Intermodalism.
 (2) DIRECTOR- The Office shall be headed by a Director who shall be appointed
 by the Secretary not later than 6 months after the date of the enactment
 of this Act.
 (3) FUNCTION- The Director shall be responsible for carrying out the
 responsibilities of the Secretary described in section 301(3) of title 49,
 United States Code.
 (4) INTERMODAL TRANSPORTATION DATA BASE- The Director shall develop,
 maintain, and disseminate intermodal transportation data through the
 Bureau of Transportation Statistics. The Director shall coordinate the
 collection of data for the data base with the States and metropolitan
 planning organizations. The data base shall include--
 (A) information on the volume of goods and number of people carried in
 intermodal transportation by relevant classification;
 (B) information on patterns of movement of goods and people carried in
 intermodal transportation by relevant classification in terms of origin
 and destination; and
 (C) information on public and private investment in intermodal transportation
 facilities and services.
The Director shall make information from the data base available to the public.
 (5) RESEARCH- The Director shall be responsible for coordinating Federal
 research on intermodal transportation in accordance with the plan developed
 pursuant to section 6009(b) of this Act and for carrying out additional
 research needs identified by the Director.
 (6) TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE- The Director shall provide technical assistance
 to States and to metropolitan planning organizations for urban areas having
 a population of 1,000,000 or more in collecting data relating to intermodal
 transportation in order to facilitate the collection of such data by such
 States and metropolitan planning organizations.
 (7) ADMINISTRATIVE AND CLERICAL SUPPORT- The Director shall provide
 administrative and clerical support to the Intermodal Transportation
 Advisory Board.
SEC. 5003. MODEL INTERMODAL TRANSPORTATION PLANS.
 (a) GRANTS- The Secretary shall make grants to States for the purpose of
 developing model State intermodal transportation plans which are consistent
 with the policy set forth in section 302(e) of title 49, United States
 Code. Such model plans shall include systems for collecting data relating
 to intermodal transportation.
 (b) DISTRIBUTION- The Secretary shall award grants to States under this
 section which represent a variety of geographic regions and transportation
 needs, patterns, and modes.
 (c) TRANSMITTAL OF PLANS- As a condition to receiving a grant under this
 section, the Secretary shall require that a State provide assurances that
 the State will transmit to the Secretary a State intermodal transportation
 plan not later than 18 months after the date of receipt of such grant.
 (d) AGGREGATE AMOUNT- The Secretary shall reserve, from amounts deducted
 under section 104(a) of title 23, United States Code, $3,000,000 for the
 purpose of making grants under this section. The aggregate amount which a
 State may receive in grants under this section shall not exceed $500,000.
SEC. 5004. SURFACE TRANSPORTATION ADMINISTRATION.
 (a) STUDY- Not later than 60 days after the date of the enactment of this
 Act, the Secretary shall enter into an agreement with the National Academy
 of Public Administration to continue a study of options for organizing
 the Department of Transportation to increase the effectiveness of program
 delivery, reduce costs, and improve intermodal coordination among surface
 transportation-related agencies.
 (b) REPORT- The Secretary shall report to Congress on the findings of the
 study continued under subsection (a) and recommend appropriate organizational
 changes no later than January 1, 1993. No organizational changes shall be
 implemented until such changes are approved by law.
SEC. 5005. NATIONAL COMMISSION ON INTERMODAL TRANSPORTATION.
 (a) ESTABLISHMENT- There is established a National Commission on Intermodal
 Transportation.
 (b) FUNCTION- The Commission shall make a complete investigation and study
 of intermodal transportation in the United States and internationally. The
 Commission shall determine the status of intermodal transportation,
 the problems that exist with respect to intermodal transportation, and
 the resources needed to enhance intermodal transportation. Based on such
 investigation and study, the Commission shall recommend those policies which
 need to be adopted to achieve the national goal of an efficient intermodal
 transportation system.
 (c) SPECIFIC MATTERS TO BE ADDRESSED- The Commission shall specifically
 investigate and study the following:
 (1) INTERMODAL STANDARDIZATION- The Commission, in coordination with
 the National Academy of Sciences, shall examine current and potential
 impediments to international standardization in specific elements of
 intermodal transportation. The Commission shall evaluate the potential
 benefits and relative priority of standardization in each such element and
 the time period and investment necessary to adopt such standards.
 (2) INTERMODAL IMPACTS ON PUBLIC WORKS INFRASTRUCTURE- The Commission
 shall examine current and projected intermodal traffic flows, including
 the current and projected market for intermodal transportation, and how
 such traffic flows affect infrastructure needs. The Commission shall make
 recommendations as to capital needs for infrastructure development that
 will be required to accommodate intermodal transportation, particularly
 with respect to surface transportation access to airports and ports.
 (3) LEGAL IMPEDIMENTS TO EFFICIENT INTERMODAL TRANSPORTATION- The
 Commission shall identify legal impediments to efficient intermodal
 transportation. Specifically, the Commission shall study the relationship
 between current regulatory schemes for individual modes of transportation
 and intermodal transportation efficiency.
 (4) FINANCIAL ISSUES- The Commission shall examine existing impediments
 to the efficient financing of intermodal transportation improvements. In
 carrying out such examination, the Commission shall examine (A) the most
 efficient use of existing sources of funds for connecting individual modes
 of transportation and for accommodating transfers between such modes, and (B)
 the use of innovative methods of financing for making such improvements. The
 Commission shall examine current methods of public funding, the desirability
 of increased flexibility in the use of amounts in Federal transportation
 trust funds, and increased use of private sources of funding.
 (5) NEW TECHNOLOGIES- The Commission shall study new technologies for
 improving intermodal transportation and problems associated with incorporating
 these new technologies in intermodal transportation.
 (6) DOCUMENTATION- The Commission shall study problems in documentation
 resulting from intermodal transfers of freight and make recommendations
 for achieving uniform, efficient, and simplified documentation.
 (7) RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT- The Commission shall identify the areas relating
 to intermodal transportation for which continued research and development is
 needed after the report required by this section is completed, and propose
 an agenda for carrying out such research and development.
 (8) PRODUCTIVITY- The Commission shall examine the relationship of intermodal
 transportation to transportation rates, transportation costs, and economic
 productivity.
 (d) MEMBERSHIP-
 (1) APPOINTMENT- The Commission shall be composed of 11 members as follows:
 (A) 3 members appointed by the President.
 (B) 2 members appointed by the Speaker of the House of Representatives.
 (C) 2 members appointed by the minority leader of the House of
 Representatives.
 (D) 2 members appointed by the majority leader of the Senate.
 (E) 2 members appointed by the minority leader of the Senate.
 (2) QUALIFICATIONS- Members appointed pursuant to paragraph (1) shall be
 appointed from among individuals interested in intermodal transportation
 policy, including representatives of Federal, State, and local governments,
 other public transportation authorities or agencies, and organizations
 representing transportation providers, shippers, labor, the financial
 community, and consumers.
 (3) TERMS- Members shall be appointed for the life of the Commission.
 (4) VACANCIES- A vacancy in the Commission shall be filled in the manner
 in which the original appointment was made.
 (5) TRAVEL EXPENSES- Members shall serve without pay but shall receive
 travel expenses, including per diem in lieu of subsistence, in accordance
 with sections 5702 and 5703 of title 5, United States Code.
 (6) CHAIRMAN- The Chairman of the Commission shall be elected by the members.
 (e) STAFF- The Commission may appoint and fix the pay of such personnel as
 it considers appropriate.
 (f) STAFF OF FEDERAL AGENCIES- Upon request of the Commission, the head of
 any department or agency of the United States may detail, on a reimbursable
 basis, any of the personnel of that department or agency to the Commission
 to assist it in carrying out its duties under this section.
 (g) ADMINISTRATIVE SUPPORT SERVICES- Upon the request of the Commission,
 the Administrator of General Services shall provide to the Commission,
 on a reimbursable basis, the administrative support services necessary for
 the Commission to carry out its responsibilities under this section.
 (h) OBTAINING OFFICIAL DATA- The Commission may secure directly from any
 department or agency of the United States information (other than information
 required by any statute of the United States to be kept confidential by
 such department or agency) necessary for the Commission to carry out its
 duties under this section. Upon request of the Commission, the head of
 that department or agency shall furnish such nonconfidential information
 to the Commission.
 (i) REPORT AND PROPOSED NATIONAL INTERMODAL TRANSPORTATION PLAN- Not later
 than September 30, 1993, the Commission shall transmit to Congress a final
 report on the results of the investigation and study conducted under this
 section. The report shall include recommendations of the Commission for
 implementing the policy set forth in section 302(e) of title 49, United
 States Code, including a proposed national intermodal transportation plan
 and a proposed agenda for implementing the plan.
 (j) TERMINATION- The Commission shall terminate on the 180th day following
 the date of transmittal of the report under subsection (i). All records and
 papers of the Commission shall thereupon be delivered to the Administrator
 of General Services for deposit in the National Archives.
TITLE VI--RESEARCH
PART A--PROGRAMS, STUDIES, AND ACTIVITIES
SEC. 6001. RESEARCH AND TECHNOLOGY PROGRAM.
 Subsections (a), (b), and (c) of section 307 of title 23, United States Code,
 are amended to read as follows:
 `(a) RESEARCH AND TECHNOLOGY PROGRAM-
 `(1) AUTHORITY OF THE SECRETARY-
 `(A) IN GENERAL- The Secretary may engage in research, development, and
 technology transfer activities with respect to motor carrier transportation
 and all phases of highway planning and development (including construction,
 operation, modernization, development, design, maintenance, safety, financing,
 and traffic conditions) and the effect thereon of State laws and may test,
 develop, or assist in testing and developing any material, invention,
 patented article, or process.
 `(B) COOPERATION, GRANTS, AND CONTRACTS- The Secretary may carry out this
 section either independently or in cooperation with other Federal departments,
 agencies, and instrumentalities or by making grants to, and entering into
 contracts and cooperative agreements with, the National Academy of Sciences,
 the American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials,
 or any State agency, authority, association, institution, corporation
 (profit or nonprofit), organization, or person.
 `(C) RESEARCH FELLOWSHIPS-
 `(i) GENERAL AUTHORITY- The Secretary may, acting either independently or in
 cooperation with other Federal departments, agencies, and instrumentalities,
 make grants for research fellowships for any purpose for which research is
 authorized by this section.
 `(ii) DWIGHT DAVID EISENHOWER TRANSPORTATION FELLOWSHIP PROGRAM- The Secretary
 shall establish and implement a transportation research fellowship program for
 the purpose of attracting qualified students to the field of transportation
 engineering and research. Such program shall be known as the `Dwight David
 Eisenhower Transportation Fellowship Program'. Of the funds made available
 pursuant to paragraph (3) for each fiscal year beginning after September 30,
 1991, the Secretary shall expend not less than $2,000,000 per fiscal year
 to carry out such program.
 `(2) COLLABORATIVE RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT-
 `(A) IN GENERAL- For the purposes of encouraging innovative solutions to
 highway problems and stimulating the marketing of new technology by private
 industry, the Secretary is authorized to undertake, on a cost-shared basis,
 collaborative research and development with non-Federal entities, including
 State and local governments, foreign governments, colleges and universities,
 corporations, institutions, partnerships, sole proprietorships, and trade
 associations which are incorporated or established under the laws of
 any State.
 `(B) AGREEMENTS- In carrying out this paragraph, the Secretary may enter into
 cooperative research and development agreements, as such term is defined
 under section 12 of the Stevenson-Wydler Technology Innovation Act of 1980
 (15 U.S.C. 3710a).
 `(C) FEDERAL SHARE- The Federal share payable on account of activities
 carried out under a cooperative research and development agreement entered
 into under this paragraph shall not exceed 50 percent of the total cost
 of such activities; except that, if there is substantial public interest
 or benefit, the Secretary may approve a higher Federal share. All costs
 directly incurred by the non-Federal partners, including personnel, travel,
 and hardware development costs, shall be treated as part of the non-Federal
 share of the cost of such activities for purposes of the preceding sentence.
 `(D) UTILIZATION OF TECHNOLOGY- The research, development, or utilization of
 any technology pursuant to a cooperative research and development agreement
 entered into under this paragraph, including the terms under which the
 technology may be licensed and the resulting royalties may be distributed,
 shall be subject to the Stevenson-Wydler Technology Innovation Act of 1980.
 `(3) FUNDS-
 `(A) IN GENERAL- The funds necessary to carry out this subsection and
 subsections (b), (d), and (e) shall be taken by the Secretary out of
 administrative funds deducted pursuant to section 104(a) of this title and
 such funds as may be deposited by any cooperating organization or person
 in a special account of the Treasury of the United States established for
 such purposes.
 `(B) MINIMUM EXPENDITURES ON LONG-TERM RESEARCH PROJECTS- Not less than 15
 percent of the funds made available under this paragraph shall be expended
 on long-term research projects which are unlikely to be completed within
 10 years.
 `(4) WAIVER OF ADVERTISING REQUIREMENTS- The provisions of section 3709 of
 the Revised Statutes (41 U.S.C. 5) shall not be applicable to contracts or
 agreements entered into under this section.
 `(b) MANDATORY CONTENTS OF RESEARCH PROGRAM-
 `(1) INCLUSION OF CERTAIN STUDIES- The Secretary shall include in the highway
 research program under subsection (a) studies of economic highway geometrics,
 structures, and desirable weight and size standards for vehicles using the
 public highways and of the feasibility of uniformity in State regulations
 with respect to such standards. The highway research program shall also
 include studies to identify and measure, quantitatively and qualitatively,
 those factors which relate to economic, social, environmental, and other
 impacts of highway projects.
 `(2) SHRP RESULTS-
 `(A) IMPLEMENTATION- The highway research program under subsection (a) shall
 include a program to implement results of the strategic highway research
 program carried out under subsection (d) (including results relating to
 automatic intrusion alarms for street and highway construction work zones)
 and to continue the long-term pavement performance tests being carried out
 under such program.
 `(B) MINIMUM FUNDING- Of amounts deducted under section 104(a) of this title,
 the Secretary shall expend not less than $12,000,000 in fiscal year 1992,
 $16,000,000 in fiscal year 1993, and $20,000,000 per fiscal year for each
 of fiscal years 1994, 1995, 1996, and 1997 to carry out this paragraph.
 `(3) SURFACE TRANSPORTATION SYSTEM PERFORMANCE INDICATORS- The highway
 research program under subsection (a) shall include a coordinated long-term
 program of research for the development, use, and dissemination of performance
 indicators to measure the performance of the surface transportation system
 of the United States, including indicators for productivity, efficiency,
 energy use, air quality, congestion, safety, maintenance, and other factors
 which reflect the overall performance of such system.
 `(4) SHORT HAUL PASSENGER TRANSPORTATION SYSTEMS- The Secretary shall conduct
 necessary systems research in order to develop a concept for a lightweight,
 pneumatic tire multiple-unit, battery-powered system, in conjunction with
 recharging stations at strategic locations. The Secretary shall create
 a potential systems concept and, as part of the surface transportation
 research and development plan under subsection (b), make recommendations
 to Congress by January 15, 1993.
 `(5) SUPPORTING INFRASTRUCTURE- The Secretary shall establish a program to
 strengthen and expand surface transportation infrastructure research and
 development. The program shall include the following elements:
 `(A) Methods and materials for improving the durability of surface
 transportation infrastructure facilities and extending the life of bridge
 structures, including new and innovative technologies to reduce corrosion.
 `(B) Expansion of the Department of Transportation's inspection and mobile
 nondestructive examination capabilities, including consideration of the use of
 high energy field radiography for more thorough and more frequent inspections
 of bridge structures as well as added support to State highway departments.
 `(C) The Secretary shall determine whether or not to initiate a construction
 equipment research and development program directed toward the reduction
 of costs associated with the construction of highways and mass transit
 systems. The Secretary shall transmit to Congress a report containing such
 determination on or before July 1, 1992.
 `(D) The Secretary shall undertake or supervise surface transportation
 infrastructure research to develop--
 `(i) nondestructive evaluation equipment for use with existing infrastructure
 facilities and for next generation infrastructure facilities that utilize
 advanced materials;
 `(ii) information technologies, including--
 `(I) appropriate computer programs to collect and analyze data on the status
 of the existing infrastructure facilities for enhancing management, growth,
 and capacity; and
 `(II) dynamic simulation models of surface transportation systems for
 predicting capacity, safety, and infrastructure durability problems,
 for evaluating planned research projects, and for testing the strengths
 and weaknesses of proposed revisions in surface transportation operations
 programs; and
 `(iii) new and innovative technologies to enhance and facilitate field
 construction and rehabilitation techniques for minimizing disruption during
 repair and maintenance of existing structures.
 `(c) STATE PLANNING AND RESEARCH-
 `(1) GENERAL RULE- 2 percent of the sums apportioned for each fiscal year
 beginning after September 30, 1991, to any State under sections 104 and
 144 of this title and for highway projects under section 103(e)(4) of this
 title shall be available for expenditure by the State highway department,
 in consultation with the Secretary, only for the following purposes:
 `(A) Engineering and economic surveys and investigations.
 `(B) The planning of future highway programs and local public transportation
 systems and for planning for the financing thereof, including statewide
 planning under section 135 of this title.
 `(C) Development and implementation of management systems under section
 303 of this title.
 `(D) Studies of the economy, safety, and convenience of highway usage and
 the desirable regulation and equitable taxation thereof.
 `(E) Research, development, and technology transfer activities necessary
 in connection with the planning, design, construction, and maintenance of
 highway, public transportation, and intermodal transportation systems and
 study, research, and training on engineering standards and construction
 materials for such systems, including evaluation and accreditation of
 inspection and testing and the regulation and taxation of their use.
 `(2) MINIMUM EXPENDITURES ON RESEARCH, DEVELOPMENT, AND TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER
 ACTIVITIES- Not less than 25 percent of the funds which are apportioned to a
 State for a fiscal year and are subject to paragraph (1) shall be expended
 by the State for research, development, and technology transfer activities
 described in paragraph (1) relating to highway, public transportation,
 and intermodal transportation systems unless the State certifies to the
 Secretary for such fiscal year that total expenditures by the State for
 transportation planning under sections 134 and 135 will exceed 75 percent
 of the amount of such funds and the Secretary accepts such certification.
 `(3) FEDERAL SHARE- The Federal share payable on account of any project
 financed with funds which are subject to paragraph (1) shall be 80 percent
 unless the Secretary determines that the interests of the Federal-aid
 highway program would be best served by decreasing or eliminating the
 non-Federal share.
 `(4) ADMINISTRATION OF SUMS- Funds which are subject to paragraph (1) shall
 be combined and administered by the Secretary as a single fund which shall
 be available for obligation for the same period as funds apportioned under
 section 104(b)(1) of this title.
SEC. 6002. NATIONAL HIGHWAY INSTITUTE.
 Section 321 of title 23, United States Code, is amended to read as follows:
`Sec. 321. National Highway Institute
 `(a) ESTABLISHMENT; DUTIES; PROGRAMS-
 `(1) ESTABLISHMENT- The Secretary shall establish and operate in the Federal
 Highway Administration a National Highway Institute (hereinafter in this
 section referred to as the `Institute').
 `(2) DUTIES- The Institute shall develop and administer, in cooperation
 with the State transportation or highway departments, and any national or
 international entity, training programs of instruction for Federal Highway
 Administration, State and local transportation and highway department
 employees, State and local police, public safety and motor vehicle employees,
 and United States citizens and foreign nationals engaged or to be engaged in
 highway work of interest to the United States. The Secretary shall administer,
 through the Institute, the authority vested in the Secretary by this title
 or by any other provision of law for the development and conduct of education
 and training programs relating to highways.
 `(3) TYPES OF PROGRAMS- Programs which the Institute may develop and
 administer may include courses in modern developments, techniques,
 management, and procedures relating to highway planning, environmental
 factors, acquisition of rights-of-way, relocation assistance, engineering,
 safety, construction, maintenance, contract administration, motor carrier
 activities, and inspection.
 `(b) SET-ASIDE; FEDERAL SHARE- Not to exceed  1/16  of 1 percent of all
 funds apportioned to a State under section 104(b)(3) for the surface
 transportation program shall be available for expenditure by the State
 highway department for payment of not to exceed 80 percent of the cost
 of tuition and direct educational expenses (but not travel, subsistence,
 or salaries) in connection with the education and training of State and
 local highway department employees as provided in this section.
 `(c) FEDERAL RESPONSIBILITY- Education and training of Federal, State,
 and local highway employees authorized by this section shall be provided--
 `(1) by the Secretary at no cost to the States and local governments for
 those subject areas which are a Federal program responsibility; or
 `(2) in any case in which education and training are to be paid for under
 subsection (b), by the State (subject to the approval of the Secretary)
 through grants and contracts with public and private agencies, institutions,
 individuals, and the Institute; except that private agencies and individuals
 shall pay the full cost of any education and training received by them.
 `(d) TRAINING FELLOWSHIPS; COOPERATION- The Institute is authorized, subject
 to approval of the Secretary, to engage in all phases of contract authority
 for training purposes authorized by this section, including the granting
 of training fellowships. The Institute is also authorized to carry out
 its authority independently or in cooperation with any other branch of the
 Government, State agency, authority, association, institution, corporation
 (profit or nonprofit), any other national or international entity, or any
 other person.
 `(e) COLLECTION OF FEES-
 `(1) GENERAL RULE- The Institute may, in accordance with this subsection,
 assess and collect fees solely to defray the costs of the Institute in
 developing and administering education and training programs under this
 section.
 `(2) LIMITATION- Fees may be assessed and collected under this subsection only
 in a manner which may reasonably be expected to result in the collection of
 fees during any fiscal year in an aggregate amount which does not exceed
 the aggregate amount of the costs referred to in paragraph (1) for the
 fiscal year.
 `(3) PERSONS SUBJECT TO FEES- Fees may be assessed and collected under this
 subsection only with respect to--
 `(A) persons and entities for whom education or training programs are
 developed or administered under this section; and
 `(B) persons and entities to whom education or training is provided under
 this section.
 `(4) AMOUNT OF FEES- The fees assessed and collected under this subsection
 shall be established in a manner which ensures that the liability of any
 person or entity for a fee is reasonably based on the proportion of the
 costs referred to in paragraph (1) which relate to such person or entity.
 `(f) FUNDS- The funds required to carry out this section may be from the sums
 deducted for administration purposes under section 104(a). The sums provided
 pursuant to this subsection may be combined or held separate from the fees
 or memberships collected under subsection (e) and may be administered by
 the Secretary as a fund which shall be available until expended.
 `(g) CONTRACTS- The provisions of section 3709 of the Revised Statutes
 (41 U.S.C. 5) shall not be applicable to contracts or agreements made under
 the authority of this section.'.
SEC. 6003. INTERNATIONAL HIGHWAY TRANSPORTATION OUTREACH PROGRAM.
 Chapter 3 of title 23, United States Code, is amended by adding at the end
 the following new section:
`Sec. 325. International highway transportation outreach program
 `(a) ACTIVITIES- The Secretary is authorized to engage in activities to
 inform the domestic highway community of technological innovations abroad
 that could significantly improve highway transportation in the United States,
 to promote United States highway transportation expertise internationally,
 and to increase transfers of United States highway transportation technology
 to foreign countries. Such activities may include--
 `(1) development, monitoring, assessment, and dissemination domestically
 of information about foreign highway transportation innovations that could
 significantly improve highway transportation in the United States;
 `(2) research, development, demonstration, training, and other forms of
 technology transfer and exchange;
 `(3) informing other countries about the technical quality of American
 highway transportation goods and services through participation in trade
 shows, seminars, expositions, and other such activities;
 `(4) offering those Federal Highway Administration technical services
 which cannot be readily obtained from the United States private sector
 to be incorporated into the proposals of United States firms undertaking
 foreign highway transportation projects if the costs for assistance will
 be recovered under the terms of each project; and
 `(5) conducting studies to assess the need for or feasibility of highway
 transportation improvements in countries that are not members of the
 Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development as of the date of
 the enactment of this section, and in Greece and Turkey.
 `(b) COOPERATION- The Secretary may carry out the authority granted by this
 section, in cooperation with appropriate United States Government agencies and
 any State or local agency, authority, association, institution, corporation
 (profit or nonprofit), foreign government, multinational institution,
 or any other organization or person.
 `(c) FUNDS- The funds available to carry out the provisions of this section
 shall include funds deposited in a special account with the Secretary of the
 Treasury for such purposes by any cooperating organization or person. The
 funds shall be available for promotional materials, travel, reception and
 representation expenses necessary to carry out the activities authorized
 by this section. Reimbursements for services provided under this section
 shall be credited to the appropriation concerned.'.
 (b) CONFORMING AMENDMENT- The analysis for chapter 3 of such title is
 amended by adding at the end the following new item:
`325. International highway transportation outreach program.'.
SEC. 6004. EDUCATION AND TRAINING PROGRAM.
 (a) IN GENERAL- Chapter 3 of title 23, United States Code, is amended by
 adding at the end the following new section:
`Sec. 326. Education and training program
 `(a) AUTHORITY- The Secretary is authorized to carry out a transportation
 assistance program that will provide highway and transportation agencies in
 (1) urbanized areas of 50,000 to 1,000,000 population, and (2) rural areas,
 access to modern highway technology.
 `(b) GRANTS AND CONTRACTS- The Secretary may make grants and enter into
 contracts for education and training, technical assistance, and related
 support service that will--
 `(1) assist rural local transportation agencies to develop and expand
 their expertise in road and transportation areas (including pavement,
 bridge and safety management systems), to improve roads and bridges,
 to enhance programs for the movement of passengers and freight, to deal
 effectively with special road related problems by preparing and providing
 training packages, manuals, guidelines, and technical resource materials,
 and developing a tourism and recreational travel technical assistance program;
 `(2) identify, package, and deliver usable highway technology to local
 jurisdictions to assist urban transportation agencies in developing and
 expanding their ability to deal effectively with road related problems; and
 `(3) establish, in cooperation with State transportation or highway
 departments and universities (A) urban technical assistance program centers
 in States with 2 or more urbanized areas of 50,000 to 1,000,000 population,
 and (B) rural technical assistance program centers.
Not less than 2 centers under paragraph (3) shall be designated to provide
transportation assistance that may include, but is not necessarily limited
to, a `circuit-rider' program, providing training on intergovernmental
transportation planning and project selection, and tourism recreational
travel to American Indian tribal governments.
 `(c) FUNDS- The funds required to carry out the provisions of this section
 shall be taken out of administrative funds deducted under section 104(a). The
 sum of $6,000,000 per fiscal year for each of the fiscal years 1992, 1993,
 1994, 1995, 1996, and 1997 shall be set aside from such administrative
 funds for the purpose of providing technical and financial support for
 these centers, including up to 100 percent for services provided to American
 Indian tribal governments.'.
 (b) CONFORMING AMENDMENT- The analysis for chapter 3 of such title is
 amended by adding at the end the following new item:
`326. Education and training program.'.
 (c) USE OF BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS' ADMINISTRATIVE FUNDS- Section 204(b) of
 such title is amended by adding at the end the following new sentence: `The
 Secretary of Interior may reserve funds from the Bureau of Indian Affairs'
 administrative funds associated with the Indian reservation roads program
 to finance the Indian technical centers authorized under section 326.'.
SEC. 6005. APPLIED RESEARCH AND TECHNOLOGY PROGRAM; SEISMIC RESEARCH PROGRAM.
 (a) IN GENERAL- Section 307 of title 23, United States Code, is amended
 by redesignating subsections (e) and (f) as subsections (g) and (h),
 respectively, and by inserting after subsection (d) the following new
 subsections:
 `(e) APPLIED RESEARCH AND TECHNOLOGY PROGRAM-
 `(1) ESTABLISHMENT- The Secretary shall establish and implement in
 accordance with this subsection an applied research and technology program
 for the purpose of accelerating testing, evaluation, and implementation
 of technologies which are designed to improve the durability, efficiency,
 environmental impact, productivity, and safety of highway, transit, and
 intermodal transportation systems.
 `(2) GUIDELINES- Not later than 18 months after the date of the enactment
 of this subsection, the Secretary shall issue guidelines to carry out this
 subsection. Such guidelines shall include:
 `(A) TECHNOLOGIES- Guidelines on the selection of both foreign and domestic
 technologies to be tested.
 `(B) TEST LOCATIONS- Guidelines on the selection of locations at which tests
 will be conducted. Such guidelines shall ensure that testing is conducted
 in a range of climatic, traffic, geographic, and environmental conditions,
 as appropriate for the technology being tested.
 `(C) DATA- Guidelines for the scientific collection, evaluation, and
 dissemination of appropriate test data.
 `(3) TECHNOLOGIES- Technologies which may be tested under this subsection
 include, but are not limited to--
 `(A) accelerated construction materials and procedures;
 `(B) environmentally beneficial materials and procedures;
 `(C) materials and techniques which provide enhanced serviceability and
 longevity under adverse climactic, environmental, and load effects;
 `(D) technologies which increase the efficiency and productivity of vehicular
 travel; and
 `(E) technologies and techniques which enhance the safety and accessibility
 of vehicular transportation systems.
 `(4) HEATED BRIDGE TECHNOLOGIES-
 `(A) PROJECTS- As part of the program under this subsection, the Secretary
 shall carry out projects to assess the state of technology with respect to
 heating the decks of bridges and the feasibility of, and costs and benefits
 associated with, heating the decks of bridges. Such projects shall be carried
 out by installing heating equipment on the decks of bridges which are being
 replaced or rehabilitated under section 144 of this title.
 `(B) MINIMUM NUMBER OF BRIDGES- The number of bridges for which heating
 equipment is installed under this subsection in a fiscal year shall not be
 less than 10 bridges.
 `(5) ELASTOMER MODIFIED ASPHALT- As part of the program under this
 subsection, the Secretary shall carry out a project in the State of New
 Jersey to demonstrate the environmental and safety benefits of elastomer
 modified asphalt.
 `(6) HIGH PERFORMANCE BLENDED HYDRAULIC CEMENT- As part of the program under
 this subsection, the Secretary shall carry out a project in the State of
 Missouri to demonstrate the durability and construction efficiency of high
 performance blended hydraulic cement.
 `(7) THIN BONDED OVERLAY AND SURFACE LAMINATION OF PAVEMENT- As part of
 the program under this subsection, the Secretary shall carry out projects
 to assess the state of technology with respect to thin bonded overlay
 (including inorganic bonding systems) and surface lamination of pavement,
 and to assess the feasibility of, and costs and benefits associated with,
 the repair, rehabilitation, and upgrading of highways and bridges with
 overlay. Such projects shall be carried out so as to minimize overlay
 thickness, minimize initial laydown costs, minimize time out of service,
 and maximize lifecycle durability.
 `(8) ALL WEATHER PAVEMENT MARKINGS- As part of the program under this
 subsection, the Secretary shall carry out a program to demonstrate the
 safety and durability of all weather pavement markings.
 `(9) TESTING OF HIGHWAY TECHNOLOGIES- Projects carried out under this
 subsection to test technologies related to highways shall be carried out
 on highways on the Federal-aid system.
 `(10) TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE- The Secretary shall provide technical assistance
 to States and localities in carrying out projects under this subsection.
 `(11) ANNUAL REPORT- Not later than 1 year after the date of the enactment of
 this subsection, and annually thereafter, the Secretary shall transmit to the
 Committee on Public Works and Transportation of the House of Representatives
 and the Committee on Environment and Public Works of the Senate a report
 on the progress and research findings of the program carried out under
 this subsection.
 `(12) FEDERAL SHARE- The Federal share of the cost of a project carried
 out under this subsection shall not exceed 80 percent.
 `(13) FUNDING- The Secretary shall expend from administrative and research
 funds deducted under section 104(a) of this title and funds made available
 under section 26(a)(1) of the Federal Transit  Act,  `$35,000,000 for
 fiscal year 1992 and $41,000,000 per fiscal year for each of fiscal years
 1993, 1994, 1995, 1996, and 1997 to carry out this subsection. Of such
 amounts, in each of fiscal years 1992, 1993, 1994, 1995, 1996, and 1997,
 the Secretary shall expend not less than $4,000,000 per fiscal year to
 carry out projects related to heated bridge technologies under paragraph
 (4), not less than $2,500,000 per fiscal year to carry out projects related
 to thin bonded overlay and surface lamination of pavements under paragraph
 (7), and not less than $2,000,000 per fiscal year to carry out projects
 related to all weather pavement markings under paragraph (8). Amounts made
 available under this subsection shall remain available until expended and
 shall not be subject to any obligation limitation.
 `(f) SEISMIC RESEARCH PROGRAM-
 `(1) ESTABLISHMENT- The Secretary shall establish a program to study the
 vulnerability of highways, tunnels, and bridges on the Federal-aid system to
 earthquakes and develop and implement cost-effective methods of retrofitting
 such highways, tunnels, and bridges to reduce such vulnerability.
 `(2) COOPERATION WITH NATIONAL CENTER FOR EARTHQUAKE ENGINEERING RESEARCH-
 The Secretary shall conduct the program under this section in cooperation
 with the National Center for Earthquake Engineering Research at the University
 of Buffalo.
 `(3) COOPERATION WITH AGENCIES PARTICIPATING IN NATIONAL HAZARDS REDUCTION
 PROGRAM- The Secretary shall further conduct the program under this section
 in consultation and cooperation with Federal departments and agencies
 participating in the National Hazards Reduction Program established by
 section 5 of the Earthquake Hazards Reduction Act of 1977 and shall take
 such actions as may be necessary to ensure that the program under this
 subsection is consistent with--
 `(A) planning and coordination activities of the Federal Emergency Management
 Agency under section 5(b)(1) of such Act; and
 `(B) the plan developed by the Director of the Federal Emergency Management
 Agency under section 8(b) of such Act.
 `(4) FUNDING- Of amounts deducted under section 104(a) of this title,
 the Secretary shall expend not more than $2,000,000 per fiscal year in
 each of fiscal years 1992, 1993, 1994, 1995, 1996, and 1997 to carry out
 this subsection.
 `(5) REPORT- Not later than 2 years after the date of the enactment of this
 section, the Secretary shall transmit to the Committee on Public Works
 and Transportation of the House of Representatives and the Committee on
 Environment and Public Works of the Senate a report on the progress and
 research findings of the program carried out under this section.'.
 (b) HIGHWAY AND BRIDGE CONDITIONS AND PERFORMANCE REPORT- Section 307(h)
 of title 23, United States Code, as redesignated by subsection (a), is
 amended by adding at the end the following new sentence: `The biennial
 reports required under this subsection shall provide the means, including
 all necessary information, to relate and compare the conditions and service
 measures used in different years when such measures are changed.'.
SEC. 6006. BUREAU OF TRANSPORTATION STATISTICS.
 Chapter I of title 49, United States Code, is amended by adding at the end
 the following new section:
`Sec. 111. Bureau of Transportation Statistics
 `(a) ESTABLISHMENT- There is established in the Department of Transportation
 a Bureau of Transportation Statistics.
 `(b) DIRECTOR-
 `(1) APPOINTMENT- The Bureau shall be headed by a Director who shall be
 appointed by the President, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate.
 `(2) QUALIFICATIONS- The Director shall be appointed from among individuals
 who are qualified to serve as the Director by virtue of their training and
 experience in the compilation and analysis of transportation statistics.
 `(3) REPORTING- The Director shall report directly to the Secretary.
 `(4) TERM- The term of the Director shall be 4 years. The term of the first
 Director to be appointed shall begin on the 180th day after the date of
 the enactment of this section.
 `(c) RESPONSIBILITIES- The Director of the Bureau shall be responsible for
 carrying out the following duties:
 `(1) COMPILING TRANSPORTATION STATISTICS- Compiling, analyzing, and publishing
 a comprehensive set of transportation statistics to provide timely summaries
 and totals (including industrywide aggregates and multiyear averages) of
 transportation-related information. Such statistics shall be suitable for
 conducting cost-benefit studies (including comparisons among individual
 transportation modes and intermodal transport systems) and shall include
 information on--
 `(A) productivity in various parts of the transportation sector;
 `(B) traffic flows;
 `(C) travel times;
 `(D) vehicle weights;
 `(E) variables influencing traveling behavior, including choice of
 transportation mode;
 `(F) travel costs of intracity commuting and intercity trips;
 `(G) availability of mass transit and the number of passengers served by
 each mass transit authority;
 `(H) frequency of vehicle and transportation facility repairs and other
 interruptions of transportation service;
 `(I) accidents;
 `(J) collateral damage to the human and natural environment; and
 `(K) the condition of the transportation system.
 `(2) IMPLEMENTING LONG-TERM DATA COLLECTION PROGRAM- Establishing and
 implementing, in cooperation with the modal administrators, the States,
 and other Federal officials a comprehensive, long-term program for the
 collection and analysis of data relating to the performance of the national
 transportation system. Such program shall--
 `(A) be coordinated with efforts to develop performance indicators for the
 national transportation system undertaken pursuant to section 307(b)(3)
 of title 23, United States Code;
 `(B) ensure that data is collected under this subsection in a manner which
 will maximize the ability to compare data from different regions and for
 different time periods; and
 `(C) ensure that data collected under this subsection is controlled for
 accuracy and disseminated to the States and other interested parties.
 `(3) ISSUING GUIDELINES- Issuing guidelines for the collection of information
 by the Department of Transportation required for statistics to be compiled
 under paragraph (1) in order to ensure that such information is accurate,
 reliable, relevant, and in a form that permits systematic analysis.
 `(4) COORDINATING COLLECTION OF INFORMATION- Coordinating the collection of
 information by the Department of Transportation required for statistics to
 be compiled under paragraph (1) with related information-gathering activities
 conducted by other Federal departments and agencies and collecting appropriate
 data not elsewhere gathered.
 `(5) MAKING STATISTICS ACCESSIBLE- Making the statistics published under
 this subsection readily accessible.
 `(6) IDENTIFYING INFORMATION NEEDS- Identifying information that is needed
 under paragraph (1) but which is not being collected, reviewing such needs
 at least annually with the Advisory Council on Transportation Statistics,
 and making recommendations to appropriate Department of Transportation
 research officials concerning extramural and intramural research programs
 to provide such information.
 `(d) LIMITATIONS ON STATUTORY CONSTRUCTION- Nothing in this section shall
 be construed--
 `(1) to authorize the Bureau to require any other department or agency to
 collect data; or
 `(2) to reduce the authority of any other officer of the Department of
 Transportation to collect and disseminate data independently.
 `(e) PROHIBITION ON CERTAIN DISCLOSURES- Information compiled by the Bureau
 shall not be disclosed publicly in a manner that would reveal the personal
 identity of any individual, consistent with the Privacy Act of 1974 (5
 U.S.C. 552a), or to reveal trade secrets or allow commercial or financial
 information provided by any person to be identified with such person.
 `(f) TRANSPORTATION STATISTICS ANNUAL REPORT- On or before January 1, 1994,
 and annually thereafter, the Director shall transmit to the President and
 Congress a Transportation Statistics Annual Report which shall include
 information on items referred to in subsection (c)(1), documentation of
 methods used to obtain and ensure the quality of the statistics presented
 in the report, and recommendations for improving transportation statistical
 information.
 `(g) PERFORMANCE OF FUNCTIONS OF DIRECTOR PENDING CONFIRMATION- An individual
 who, on the date of the enactment of this section, is performing any function
 required by this section to be performed by the Director may continue to
 perform such function until such function is undertaken by the Director.'.
 (b) FUNDING- There shall be available from the Highway Trust Fund (other
 than the Mass Transit Account) only for carrying out the amendment made
 by subsection (a) $5,000,000 for fiscal year 1992, $10,000,000 for fiscal
 year 1993, $15,000,000 per fiscal year for each of fiscal years 1994 and
 1995, $20,000,000 for fiscal year 1996, and $25,000,000 for fiscal year
 1997. Funds authorized by this subsection shall be available for obligation
 in the same manner as if such funds were apportioned under chapter 1 of
 title 23, United States Code.
 (c) CONFORMING AMENDMENT- The analysis for chapter 1 of such title is
 amended by adding at the end the following new items:
`Sec. 110. Saint Lawrence Seaway Development Corporation.
`Sec. 111. Bureau of Transportation Statistics.'.
 (d) AMEND