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Titles Actions Overview All Actions Cosponsors Committees Related Bills Subjects Latest Summary All Summaries

Titles (2)

Short Titles

Short Titles - House of Representatives

Short Titles as Introduced

National Science Foundation Antarctic Environmental Protection Act of 1991

Official Titles

Official Titles - House of Representatives

Official Title as Introduced

To authorize the National Science Foundation's environmental protection, management, and assessment activities in the Antarctic, and for other purposes.


Actions Overview (1)

Date
07/29/1991Introduced in House

All Actions (9)

Date
09/09/1991Referred to the Subcommittee on Transportation and Hazardous Materials.
Action By: Committee on Energy and Commerce
08/12/1991Referred to the Subcommittee on Fisheries and Wildlife Conservation and the Environment.
Action By: Committee on Merchant Marine and Fisheries
08/12/1991Referred to the Subcommittee on Oceanography, Great Lakes, and the Outer Continental Shelf.
Action By: Committee on Merchant Marine and Fisheries
08/12/1991Executive Comment Requested from Commerce, Interior, EPA, NSF.
08/05/1991Referred to the Subcommittee on Science.
Action By: Committee on Science, Space and Technology
07/29/1991Referred to the House Committee on Science, Space and Technology.
Action By: House of Representatives
07/29/1991Referred to the House Committee on Merchant Marine and Fisheries.
Action By: House of Representatives
07/29/1991Referred to the House Committee on Energy and Commerce.
Action By: House of Representatives
07/29/1991Introduced in House
Action By: House of Representatives

Committees (3)

Committees, subcommittees and links to reports associated with this bill are listed here, as well as the nature and date of committee activity and Congressional report number.

Committee / Subcommittee Date Activity Reports
House Energy and Commerce07/29/1991 Referred to
House Energy and Commerce Subcommittee on Transportation and Hazardous Materials09/09/1991 Referred to
House Merchant Marine and Fisheries07/29/1991 Referred to
House Merchant Marine and Fisheries Subcommittee on Fisheries and Wildlife Conservation and the Environment08/12/1991 Referred to
House Merchant Marine and Fisheries Subcommittee on Oceanography, Great Lakes and the Outer Continental Shelf08/12/1991 Referred to
House Science, Space and Technology07/29/1991 Referred to
House Science, Space and Technology Subcommittee on Science08/05/1991 Referred to

No related bill information was received for H.R.3065.


Latest Summary (1)

There is one summary for H.R.3065. View summaries

Shown Here:
Introduced in House (07/29/1991)

National Science Foundation Antarctic Environmental Protection Act of 1991 - Requires the Director of the National Science Foundation (NSF) to issue regulations designating pollutants and to implement a permit program to prevent harm from pollutant discharges by any U.S. person in Antarctica. Requires the Director, in issuing pollution control regulations and permits under this Act, to: (1) ensure that the waste disposal and environmental protection requirements applicable to Antarctica as adopted by the United States or the Antarctica Treaty Parties are made mandatory minimum requirements for all U.S. persons in Antarctica; and (2) provide the same degree of environmental protection to U.S. activities in Antarctica as would be afforded by U.S. environmental laws.

Makes it unlawful for U.S. persons, unless such an action is committed under emergency circumstances or to prevent loss of life, to: (1) discharge hazardous or toxic pollutants; (2) engage in the practice of ice staging; (3) transport hazardous or toxic pollutants to Antarctica for disposal purposes; (4) dump waste at sea in Antarctica, except in accordance with specified permits; (5) engage in open burning of wastes at coastal stations; and (6) discharge sewage or wastewater onto ice free land.

Requires the Director to: (1) complete a comprehensive solid and hazardous waste management plan for all U.S. Antarctic Program stations, field camps, and operations; (2) implement a solid waste management program at McMurdo Station which is consistent with the NSF Implementation Plan; (3) establish policies to prevent oils, heavy metals, and hazardous and toxic pollutants from entering station wastewater collection systems; (4) permit the discharge of human wastewater into Antarctica coastal waters only after maceration and dilution; and (5) complete and implement recommendations of a hazardous and toxic pollutant spill prevention, control, and counter-measures plan.

Prescribes civil and criminal penalties for violations of this Act.

Confers responsibility for enforcement of this Act on the Director. Sets forth provisions concerning seizure of property.

Requires an environmental audit of U.S. Antarctic Program stations, field camps, and operations to be concluded by an independent panel of experts. Requires the Director to submit a plan for implementing the panel's recommendations to the Office of Management and Budget.

Requires the Director, upon completion of the new science facility laboratory at McMurdo Station, to dedicate appropriate personnel and resources within the laboratory to environmental monitoring, assessment, compliance, investigation, and enforcement activity. Directs NSF's Office of the Inspector General to establish procedures for reporting violations of this Act or of other applicable laws.

Requires the Director to implement a long-term environmental monitoring program for Antarctica.

Requires the Director to report to the Congress on: (1) the adequacy and effectiveness of efforts to control and reduce adverse effects of tourism on Antarctica wildlife, the environment, and the conduct of scientific research; and (2) the need for expanding the protection of Sites of Special Scientific Interest and Specially Protected Areas to include other areas requiring protection from tourist activities.

Requires the Director to issue further regulations to apply to U.S. persons as may be necessary to: (1) minimize and prevent such adverse effects; (2) establish qualifications for guides for tourist expeditions to Antarctica; and (3) implement, with respect to such expeditions, any additional safety standards for vessel and air transportation under the weather conditions of that area.

Provides for an environmental assessment of major Federal actions significantly affecting the quality of Antarctica's environment. Applies such requirement to all activities conducted by Federal agencies or by private or governmental entities receiving Federal assistance for such activities.