H.R.3518 - To restrict United States assistance for Serbia or any part of Yugoslavia controlled by Serbia until certain conditions are met, and for other purposes.102nd Congress (1991-1992)
|Sponsor:||Rep. Lantos, Tom [D-CA-11] (Introduced 10/08/1991)|
|Committees:||House - Banking, Finance, and Urban Affairs; Foreign Affairs; Public Works and Transportation; Ways and Means|
|Latest Action:||House - 10/23/1991 Executive Comment Requested from State. (All Actions)|
This bill has the status Introduced
Here are the steps for Status of Legislation:
Text: H.R.3518 — 102nd Congress (1991-1992)All Information (Except Text)
There is one version of the bill.
Text available as:
- This text predates authenticated digital publishing. It may be incomplete.
Introduced in House
HR 3518 IH 102d CONGRESS 1st Session H. R. 3518 To restrict United States assistance for Serbia or any part of Yugoslavia controlled by Serbia until certain conditions are met, and for other purposes. IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES October 8, 1991 Mr. LANTOS (for himself, Mr. BONIOR, Mr. BROOMFIELD, Mr. GILMAN, Mr. SMITH of New Jersey, Mr. SWETT, Mr. KOLTER, and Mr. SENSENBRENNER) submitted the following bill; which was referred jointly to the Committees on Foreign Affairs, Banking, Finance and Urban Affairs, Ways and Means, and Public Works and Transportation A BILL To restrict United States assistance for Serbia or any part of Yugoslavia controlled by Serbia until certain conditions are met, and for other purposes. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, SECTION 1. CONGRESSIONAL FINDINGS. The Congress makes the following findings: (1) In 1990, the republics of Croatia, Slovenia, Macedonia, and Bosnia-Hercegovina held free and fair elections. (2) In 1990, the republics of Serbia and Montenegro held elections which were not free and fair. (3) 2 million Albanians in the province of Kosovo have been living for more than two and one-half years under a Serbian-imposed martial law. The repressive measures instituted against Albanians in the province of Kosovo include thousands of political arrests, tens of thousands of politically motivated job dismissals, and widespread police violence against ethnic Albanians. The violence includes the excessive use of force by police to disperse peaceful demonstrations and random and unprovoked shootings by police that have resulted in at least 30 deaths and hundreds of injuries. (4) Since the Declaration of Independence by the Republic of Slovenia on June 25, 1991, more than 100 people have been killed, including civilians, by the Serbian-controlled Yugoslav federal army. (5) Since the Declaration of Independence by the Republic of Croatia on June 25, 1991, more than 500 people have been killed, including many innocent civilians, by the Serbian-controlled Yugoslav federal army and Serbian guerrillas. (6) The Serbian-controlled Yugoslav federal army is actively using both ground and air forces in Croatia to attack the citizens that they are constitutionally bound to protect. (7) Ethnic Hungarians in the province of Vojvodina have suffered egregious human rights violations. (8) According to an August 31, 1991 Helsinki Watch report, more than 100,000 persons have been displaced by the fighting in Yugoslavia. (9) Nine journalists have been killed and dozens attacked in Croatia by the Yugoslav federal army and Serbian guerrillas. (10) According to the August 31, 1991 Helsinki Watch report, prisoners in Serbian and Croatian jails have experienced physical beatings and, in the case of Serbian jails, prisoners have been the victims of other abuses, including electric shock. (11) The Serbian-controlled Yugoslav army's invasion into Croatia constitutes an illegal effort to alter the borders of Yugoslavia by force. (12) The leaders of the Serbian republic and the Serbian-controlled Yugoslav army are pressing an unacceptable agenda in an effort to hold onto power and privilege. (13) Continued violence and unrest in Yugoslavia will jeopardize the stability and security of central Europe. (14) The majority of citizens in Yugoslavia want peace with self-determination and human rights. (15) The United States should advance the principles of peace, democracy, human rights, self-determination, respect for existing borders, and respect for international law. SEC. 2. RESTRICTION ON ASSISTANCE FOR SERBIA. (a) RESTRICTION ON ASSISTANCE- Unless the conditions of section 6(b) are certified to have been met, no United States assistance (including funds appropriated before the date of enactment of this Act) may be furnished for Serbia or for any part of Yugoslavia controlled by Serbia. (b) DEFINITION- For the purposes of this section, the term `United States assistance' means assistance of any kind which is provided by grant, sale, loan, lease, credit, guaranty, or insurance, or by any other means, by any agency or instrumentality of the United States Government to any foreign country, including-- (1) assistance under the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 (including programs under title IV of chapter 2 of part I of such Act); (2) sales, credits, and guaranties under the Arms Export Control Act; (3) sales under title I or III and donations under title II of the Agricultural Trade Development and Assistance Act of 1954 of nonfood commodities; (4) other financing programs of the Commodity Credit Corporation for export sales of nonfood commodities; and (5) financing under the Export-Import Bank Act of 1945. SEC. 3. SUSPENSION OF MULTINATIONAL ASSISTANCE. Unless the conditions of section 6(b) are certified to have been met, the Secretary of the Treasury shall instruct the United States executive directors of the International Monetary Fund, the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development, and the International Development Association to vote against any loan or other utilization of the funds of their respective institutions to or for Serbia or any part of Yugoslavia controlled by Serbia. SEC. 4. SUSPENSION OF AIR TRAVEL. (a) IN GENERAL- Unless the conditions of section 6(a) are certified to have been met-- (1) the President shall direct the Secretary of Transportation to revoke the right of any air carrier designated by the Government of Yugoslavia under the air transportation agreement between the United States and that country to provide service to Serbia or any part of Yugoslavia controlled by Serbia pursuant to that agreement; (2) the Secretary of State shall terminate so much of that agreement as relates to Serbia or territory in Yugoslavia controlled by Serbia in accordance with the provisions of that agreement; (3) upon termination of those provisions, the Secretary of Transportation shall prohibit any aircraft of a foreign air carrier owned, directly or indirectly, by Serbia from engaging in air transportation with respect to the United States; and (4) the Secretary of Transportation shall provide for such exceptions from the prohibition contained in paragraph (3) as the Secretary considers necessary to provide for emergencies in which the safety of an aircraft or its crew or passengers is threatened. (b) DEFINITION- For purposes of this section, the terms `aircraft', `air transportation', and `foreign air carrier' have meanings given those terms in section 101 of the Federal Aviation Act of 1958 (49 U.S.C. 1301). SEC. 5. TRADE EMBARGO. Notwithstanding any other provision of law, unless the conditions of section 6(a) are certified to have been met-- (1) the export to Serbia (or any part of Yugoslavia controlled by Serbia) of any goods or technology subject to the jurisdiction of the United States or exported by any person subject to the jurisdiction of the United States is hereby prohibited; and (2) no product, growth, or manufacture of Serbia (or of any part of Yugoslavia controlled by Serbia) may enter the customs territory of the United States. SEC. 6. CONDITIONS. (a) CONDITIONS ON AIR TRAVEL AND TRADE- The conditions referred to in sections 4 and 5 are-- (1) that Serbia has ceased its armed conflict with the other ethnic peoples of Yugoslavia; and (2) that Serbia has agreed to respect the internal borders established under the 1974 Yugoslav Federal Constitution. (b) CONDITIONS ON ASSISTANCE- The conditions referred to in sections 2 and 3 are as follows: (1) that Serbia has ceased its armed conflict with the other ethnic peoples of Yugoslavia; (2) that Serbia has agreed to respect the internal borders established under the 1974 Yugoslav Federal Constitution; (3) that Serbia has held free and fair multiparty elections; (4) that Serbia is not engaged in a pattern of systematic violations of human rights, within the borders of Yugoslavia; (5) that Serbia is instituting economic reform, based on progress toward a market-oriented economy; and (6) that Serbia has demonstrated a willingness to build a friendly relationship with the United States. (c) CERTIFICATION REQUIRED- Whenever the President determines that the conditions of subsection (a) or (b) have been met, he shall so certify to the Congress.