H.R.3553 - Higher Education Amendments of 1992102nd Congress (1991-1992)
|Sponsor:||Rep. Ford, William D. [D-MI-15] (Introduced 10/11/1991)|
|Committees:||House - Education and Labor|
|Committee Reports:||H.Rept 102-447|
|Latest Action:||House - 03/26/1992 Laid on the table. See S. 1150 for further action. (All Actions)|
|Roll Call Votes:||There have been 6 roll call votes|
This bill has the status Passed House
Here are the steps for Status of Legislation:
- Passed House
Summary: H.R.3553 — 102nd Congress (1991-1992)All Information (Except Text)
Passed House amended (03/26/1992)
Higher Education Amendments of 1992 - Amends the Higher Education Act of 1965 (HEA) to revise and reauthorize its various programs.
Title I: Partnerships for Educational Excellence - Revises HEA title I and renames it Partnerships for Educational Excellence (replaces the current title I, Postsecondary Programs for Nontraditional Students).
Authorizes appropriations for FY 1993 through 1997 for the following title I programs: (1) part A, Urban Community Service; (2) part B, Urban and Rural College, University, and School Partnerships; (3) part D, Articulation Agreements; and (4) part E, Access and Equity to Education for All Americans through Telecommunications.
Establishes as part A of title I an Urban Community Service program to provide incentives to urban institutions (including academic, private, and civic bodies) to work together to devise and implement solutions to the most pressing and severe problems in their communities.
Requires applications for such urban community service program grants to contain a plan agreed to by the members of a consortium that includes a public or private four-year institution of higher education (and, where possible and appropriate, a community college) in partnership with an urban school system, a local government, a private business, or a nonprofit institution. Allows the Secretary of Education (the Secretary) to waive this consortium requirement for applicants with an appropriate integrated and coordinated plan. Gives priority to applications that: (1) include plans agreed to by a consortium of several members of the specified categories; and (2) propose to conduct joint projects supported by other local, State, and Federal programs.
Requires grant funds to be used for planning, applied research, training, resource exchanges, technology transfers, delivery of services, or other activities to design and implement programs to assist urban communities to meet and address their most pressing problems. Includes the following problem areas among those for which such activities are authorized: (1) urban poverty and its alleviation; (2) health care including delivery and access; (3) under-performing school systems and students; (4) problems faced by the elderly in urban settings; (5) crime prevention and alternative interventions; (6) urban housing; (7) urban infrastructure; (8) economic development; and (9) other problem area which the participants agree are of high priority for that urban area.
Establishes as part B of title I an Urban and Rural College, University, and School Partnerships program to encourage partnerships of urban institutions of higher education (or consortia of such institutions) and secondary schools and school systems serving low-income and disadvantaged urban or rural students to support programs to improve school retention and graduation rates, student academic skills, opportunities to continue education beyond high school, and prospects for productive employment.
Requires an urban or rural institution of higher education (or consortium), to be eligible for such a university-school partnership grant, to enter a written partnership agreement with a local education agency (LEA). Allows such partnership to include businesses, labor organizations, professional associations, community-based organizations, or other public or private agencies or organizations.
Authorizes the Secretary to make grants to university-school partnerships to support the authorized program activities. Requires that grant preference be given to: (1) programs to serve predominantly low-income neighborhoods; (2) partnerships to run programs during the regular school year and during the summer; and (3) programs to serve educationally disadvantaged students, potential dropouts, pregnant adolescents, and teen-aged parents; and (4) programs designed to encourage women and minorities underrepresented in science and mathematics to pursue these fields. Requires maintenance of fiscal effort by LEAs participating in such partnership agreements. Requires such grant applications to assure: (1) establishment of a partnership governing body including one representative from each participant; (2) a gradually declining specified Federal share of project costs; and (3) use of such Federal grant funds to supplement and not supplant non-Federal funds.
Sets forth title I part C administrative provisions to provide for: (1) peer review panels for part A or B grant applications; and (2) multiyear disbursement of Urban Community Service program grant funds, under specified conditions.
Establishes as part D of title I an Articulation Agreements program of grants for articulation agreements and planning between partnerships of two-year and four-year institutions of higher education. (Current part D provisions for the Student Literacy Corps are revised and transferred to part B of title XI of HEA by this Act.)
Directs the Secretary to make such grants to States to make awards to articulation partnerships between qualified institutions, on the basis of either a competition or a formula determined by the State.
Provides for allocation of such grant funds to States: (1) by a formula based the relative total amount of student assistance received under HEA title IV by students attending institutions in the State, if the authorization of appropriations for such grants program equals or exceeds a specified amount; or (2) if such authorized amount is less than the specified amount, by competitive grants which the Secretary is authorized to make to States. Sets forth requirements for State and local applications, articulation agreements, and State administrative costs limitation.
Includes, among various authorized uses of funds to an articulation partnership, development of agreements with LEAs for vocational course equivalency approval procedures for purposes of satisfying entrance requirements to qualified institutions.
Requires States to give priority to grant applications for programs which: (1) encourage teacher education; (2) have, as one partner participating in the agreement, an entity meeting a specified requirement for the tech-prep education program consortia (i.e. a local or intermediate educational agency or area vocational education school serving secondary school students, or a secondary school funded by the Bureau of Indian Affairs) under the Carl D. Perkins Vocational and Applied Technology Education Act; (3) contribute their own institutional resources; (4) are not subject to a student loan default reduction agreement under title IV (Student Assistance) of HEA; or (5) encourage articulation in subject areas of national importance as determined by the Secretary.
Sets forth requirements for annual State program reports and for program evaluation by the Secretary. Directs the Secretary to: (1) report to the Congress by January 31, 1996, on the results of such evaluation; and (2) disseminate findings relating to the most successful programs. Reserves limited amounts for such purposes.
Adds a new part E, Access and Equity to Education for All Americans through Telecommunications. Authorizes the Secretary to make grants to eligible partnerships to enable such partnerships to pay the Federal share (50 percent) of the cost of the education telecommunications activities and services which will benefit nontraditional postsecondary education students, including special services for individuals with disabilities (such as captioned films, television, and descriptive video and education media). Requires eligible partnerships to consist of a public broadcasting entity (or consortium) and an institution of higher education (or consortium). Allows such partnerships to also include a State, local government, or private nonprofit organization. Sets forth: (1) application requirements; (2) approval priorities; (3) authorized activities; (4) reporting requirements; and (5) dissemination requirements.
Title II: Academic Library and Information Technology Enhancement - Revises HEA title II and renames it Academic Libraries in an Electronic Networked Environment (currently Academic Library and Information Technology Enhancement).
Authorizes appropriations for FY 1993 through 1997 for the following title II programs: (1) part A, College Library Technology and Cooperation Grants; (2) part B, Library Education, Research, and Development; (3) part C, Improving Access to Research Library Resources; and (4) part D, Strengthening Library and Information Science Programs in Historically Black Colleges and Universities.
Directs the Secretary to ensure that title II programs are administered by appropriate library experts.
Transfers to title II part A program of the College Library Technology and Cooperation Grants (currently part D) and (eliminates current part A provisions for College Library Resources). Revises such College Library Technology and Cooperation Grants program to add provisions emphasizing the accessing and sharing of library and information resources through technology. Requires the Secretary to give priority, in awarding certain such grants, to institutions of higher education seeking assistance for projects which assist developing institutions of higher education in linking one or more institutions of higher education to resource sharing networks. Increases the required minimum grant amount and sets a maximum amount for certain grants.
Revises and renames title II part B as Library Education, Research, and Development (currently Library Training, Research, and Development).
Requires the Secretary to consult with appropriate library and information science professional organizations to determine: (1) critical needs under provisions for grants and contracts for library education and human resources development, and (2) priorities for awarding grants for research and demonstrations.
Revises provisions for library education and human resource development to include assistance for training for library and information science, particularly in areas of critical needs such as recruitment and retention of minorities. Requires that stipends for certain fellowships and traineeships be for those who demonstrate need and are working toward a graduate degree.
Revises provisions for research and demonstration projects to include those related to education in library and information science and to enhancement of library services through use of new technology.
Revises title II part C and renames it as Improving Access to Research Library Resources (currently Strengthening Research Library Resources).
Eliminates provisions which precluded part C grant recipients from receiving certain other title II grants.
Adds a new title II part D program for Strengthening Library and Information Science Programs in Historically Black Colleges and Universities. Directs the Secretary to make grants to, and contracts with, historically black colleges and universities and library organizations or agencies which have nationally approved programs in library and information science to educate and train African Americans and other ethnic minorities, particularly in areas of critical needs. Requires that at least 75 percent of such funds be used to establish or maintain graduate fellowships or traineeships. Allows the remainder to be used for: (1) costs of courses of study or staff development, including short-term or regular session institutes; and (2) establishing, developing, or expanding programs of library and information science, including new techniques of information transfer and communication technology.
Adds a new title II part E Funding Prohibition. Prohibits funding in FY 1993 through 1997 for new programs or expanded programs under this Act, unless and until Congress enacts appropriations for HEA title II programs enacted prior to this Act at a level no less than the FY 1992 funding level for such preexisting programs.
Title III: Institutional Aid - Revises and reauthorizes HEA title III (Institutional Aid).
Revises title III part A (Strengthening Institutions) provisions relating to award of grants, eligible institutions, and duration of grants. Requires part A grant applications to describe measure goals for the institution's financial management and academic program and include a plan for achieving such goals. Requires continuation applications to demonstrate progress made toward achievement of such goals.
Revises title III part B (Strengthening Historically Black Colleges and Universities) to add to authorized uses of part B grants: (1) development offices to improve contributions from alumni and the private sector; (2) programs of teacher education, including preparation for certification, to qualify students to teach in public elementary or secondary schools in the State; and (3) community outreach programs to encourage elementary and secondary students to develop the academic skills and interest to pursue postsecondary education.
Increases the minimum allotment for each part B institution.
Requires part B grant applications to describe measurable goals for the institution's financial management and academic programs and include a plan for achieving such goals.
Includes as eligible for part B grants specified independent professional and graduate institutions, as well as any other part B institutions offering a professional or doctoral degree program that the Secretary determines is deserving of such a grant. Provides that only certain of such specified institutions shall receive such funding if the total funding does not exceed a specified amount.
Revises title III part C and renames it Endowment Challenge Grants for Institutions Eligible for Assistance under Part A or Part B (currently Challenge Grants, etc.). Repeals the Challenge Grant Program, but reauthorizes the Endowment Challenge Grant Program. Defines eligible institutions for purposes of such program. Revises conditions under which the Secretary may make an endowment challenge grant to an eligible institution. Revises selection criteria. Requires part C grant applications to include a description of the long- and short-term plans for raising and using the funds under part C. Requires a set-aside of 30 percent of part C funds for challenge grants to Historically Black Colleges and Universities, under specified conditions.
Revises title III part D general provisions relating to application for assistance. Repeals provisions for special payments rules and for challenge grant program applications.
Extends through FY 1997 the authorization of appropriations for title III Institutional Aid programs under: (1) part A, Strengthening Institutions; (2) part B, Strengthening Historically Black Colleges and Universities; and (3) part C, Endowment Challenge Grants. Requires that 25 percent of specified excess funds under part A be allocated among eligible institutions at which at least 60 percent of the students are Black Americans, Hispanic Americans, Native Americans, Asian Americans, Native Hawaiians, or Pacific Islanders, or any combination thereof.
Title IV: Student Assistance - Part A: Grants to Students in Attendance at Institutions of Higher Education - Subpart 1: Federal Pell Grants - Revises and reauthorizes programs under HEA title IV (Student Assistance). Revises and renames the Pell Grants program under title IV part A subpart 1 as the Federal Pell Grants program (later redesignates the provisions as subpart 2). Extends such program authority through FY 1998.
Increases the maximum award amount for Pell Grants to $4,500 in academic year 1992-1993, with further increases based on the Consumer Price Index for academic years 1992-1994 through 1998-1999.
Revises the formula for determining the amount of a Pell Grant award to a student. Sets forth payment schedules based on the expected family contribution and tuition costs, for various types of students.
Permits Pell Grant awards (proportionately reduced) to student attending on a less-than-half time basis (including those taking one course at a time).
Prohibits Pell Grant awards to prisoners in Federal or State penal institutions.
Revises provisions relating to the period of eligibility for Pell Grants.
Includes as eligible for Pell Grants students in programs of study abroad that are approved for credit by the institution.
Revises provisions relating to the eligibility index.
Revises provisions relating to insufficient appropriations. Directs the Secretary to promptly transmit a notice to the Congress if appropriations are insufficient to satisfy fully all Pell Grant awards as calculated under specified provisions (but at the maximum grant level specified in such appropriation). Requires that such notice identify the additional amount that would be required to be appropriated to satisfy fully all such award entitlements as so calculated at such maximum grant level. (But does not make the Pell Grant program an "entitlement" program which would give each qualified student a contractual right against the United States for the amount to which the student is entitled under Pell Grant provisions.)
Provides that Pell Grant recipients shall not be considered to be individual grantees for purposes of specified Federal law.
Repeals specified provisions for a separate need analysis formula for Pell Grants. (Later in this Act, a single new need analysis formula and system is established for all title IV student aid programs, including Pell Grants.)
Subpart 2: Federal Supplemental Educational Opportunity Grants - Revises and renames the Supplemental Educational Opportunity Grants program under title IV part A subpart 2 as the Federal Supplemental Educational Opportunity Grants program (supplemental grants) (later redesignates the provisions subpart 3).
Extends through FY 1997 the authorization of appropriations for the supplemental grants program.
Includes students in programs of study abroad that are approved for credit by the institution among those eligible for supplemental grants.
Requires institutions in the supplemental grants program to agree that the Federal share of awards will not exceed 75 percent, unless the Secretary determines that a larger Federal share is required to further the purpose of the program.
Requires institutions to assure that selection procedures will be designed to award supplemental grants, first, to students with exceptional need (i.e. the greatest financial need).
Requires that a reasonable proportion of an institution's supplemental grants allocation be made available to certain nontraditional students (i.e. less than full-time, age 24 or older, single parents, or independent students), if such allocation is directly or indirectly based in part on the financial need of such students.
Revises provisions relating to transfer of funds.
Requires reduction of an institution's allocation for the next fiscal year by the amount returned, if this is more than ten percent of its allocation. Authorizes waiver of such reduction if it is contrary to the interest of the supplemental grants program.
Subpart 3: State Student Incentive Grants - Revises title IV part A subpart 3 provisions for the program of Grants to States for Student Incentives (State student incentive grants program) (later redesignates these provisions as subpart 4). Extends through FY 1997 the authorization of appropriations for such program.
Includes, as eligible for grants from States under such program, eligible students participating in programs of study abroad approved for credit by the institutions.
Increases to $5,000 (currently $2,500) the maximum amount for any such grants for full-time attendance at an institution of higher education and for campus-based community service work learning study jobs.
Revises conditions for State allotments and expenditures under such program.
Adds to the requirement for a reasonable proportion of a institution's allocation being made available to less than full-time students under such program, similar requirements with respect to students who are: (1) age 24 or older; (2) single parents; or (3) independent students.
Subpart 4: Federal Early Outreach and Student Services Programs - Revises and renames subpart 4 of part A of title IV as Federal Early Outreach Services Programs (the current subpart 4, Special Programs for Students from Disadvantaged Backgrounds, is repealed in name, but reauthorized and revised under subpart 4 Chapter 1 provisions for Trio Programs). (Also transfer such subpart 4 to subpart 1 of part A of title IV and then redesignates subparts 1, 2, 3 as 2, 3, 4.)
Sets forth chapter 1, TRIO Programs, i.e. the revise and reauthorized Special Programs for Students for Disadvantaged Backgrounds. Extends through FY 1997 the authorization of appropriations for such programs.
Adds to program goals motivation and preparation of such students for doctoral programs.
Adds requirements for: (1) a peer review application process; (2) inflation adjustments; (3) minimum grant levels for specified programs; (4) duration of grants and contracts; (5) notice of application status; (6) early notification and technical training for potential providers of special programs and projects; (7) unlimited number of applications by an entity; and (8) coordination with other programs for disadvantaged students. Directs the Secretary to ensure that: (1) members of groups underrepresented in higher education are represented as readers of TRIO programs applications; and (2) each such application is read by at least three reviewers not employed at the Department of Education. Sets forth requirements for documentation of status as a low-income individual, for purposes of TRIO programs eligibility.
Revises provisions for the Talent Search program (one of the TRIO programs). Sets forth an expanded list of permissible services which talent search projects may offer, in addition to tutoring, including counseling, mentoring, and parent workshops. Lowers the minimum age and elementary education completion levels for participant eligibility to 11 years of age and five years of school completed (currently 12 and six, respectively, while retaining the maximum age level of 27 years).
Revises provisions for the Upward Bound program (one of the TRIO programs). Adds to the list of permissible services which upward bound projects may offer mentoring programs involving elementary or secondary school teachers college faculty, students, or any combination thereof. Requires any assisted upward bound project which has received two or more years of program funding to include in its core curriculum: (1) instruction in mathematics through precalculus; (2) at least one laboratory science; (3) at least one foreign language; and (4) instruction in composition and literature.
Revises provisions for Student Support Services (one of the TRIO programs).
Adds requirements for design goals of support services projects, including increased rates of college retention, graduation, and transfers from two- to four-year institutions, and institutional climates supportive of low-income and first-generation college students and individuals with disabilities. Adds to permissible services for such projects mentoring programs involving school teachers, college faculty and/or students.
Revises provisions for the Ronald E. McNair Postbaccalaureate Achievement (under TRIO programs provisions). Adds to permissible services: (1) mentoring programs involving elementary or secondary school teachers, college faculty, and/or students; and (2) exposure to cultural events and academic programs not usually available to disadvantaged students. Allows costs for summer room and board, summer tuition, and transportation to summer programs to be paid in addition to the maximum annual amount for a student stipend. Eliminates provisions which: (1) conditioned program funding on specified minimum funding for other programs; and (2) set program funding limits.
Revises provisions for Educational Opportunity Centers (under TRIO programs provisions). Expands the list of permissible services which such centers may offer, in addition to tutorial and counseling services, including public information campaigns, assistance in course selection, financial aid application, and entrance exam preparation, alternative education guidance for dropouts, career workshops, monitoring programs and special programs for students of limited English proficiency.
Revises provisions for Staff Development Activities (for training for staff and leadership personnel for projects under TRIO Programs). Requires such training to be offered annually for new directors of such projects as well as annually specified topics and other topics chosen by the Secretary.
Authorizes the Secretary to make Outreach Grants to institutions of higher education, community-based organizations, and other public and private nonprofit organizations to provide outreach information to potential providers of programs and projects authorized under Federal Early Outreach and Student Services Programs (the new subpart 1) that could serve groups underrepresented in such programs.
Authorizes the Secretary to make Project Evaluation grants and contracts to institutions of higher education and other public and private organizations to: (1) evaluate the effectiveness of the various programs authorized under TRIO programs provisions (chapter 1); and (2) disseminate results of ongoing evaluations to similar programs as well as to other individuals concerned with the postsecondary access and retention of low-income, first-generation students.
Establishes National Liberty Scholarships and Partnerships Programs (as chapter 2 of the new subpart 1).
Authorizes the Secretary to establish such programs through matching payments to States for: (1) State financial aid programs that award grants to low-income students who attain a high school diploma or its equivalent to guarantee them the financial assistance necessary to attend an institution of higher education; and (2) a partnership program (provided by States in cooperation with local educational agencies, postsecondary institutions, and community organizations) of additional counseling, outreach, and supportive services for elementary, middle, and secondary students at risk of dropping out of school and for students and their parents regarding college financing options.
Requires State plans for such financial aid program to provide for: (1) at least one-half of program costs from non-Federal funds; (2) all qualified students to be designated as eligible; and (3) first preference for payments of specified other grant funds to students eligible for grants under this program. Requires State plans for such partnership program to provide for matching the Federal grant with funds from non-Federal sources which will supplement and not supplant funds for existing State and local programs.
Requires States, in order to receive such financial aid program payments, to establish or maintain a financial assistance program that awards grants to students in accordance with specified requirements. Requires that the maximum amount of such a grant be established by the State, but prohibits such amount from being less than 75 percent of the average cost of attendance for an in-State student in a four-year program at public institutions in such State.
Defines "qualified student" for purposes of such financial aid program as one who: (1) is less than 22 years old at time of first grant award; (2) is receiving a Pell Grant for the academic year of the award or would be eligible for such Pell Grant but for their attendance on a less than half-time basis; (3) receives a high school diploma or equivalent in 1993 or thereafter; and (4) is enrolled in an authorized degree program in the State (States may opt to offer grant program portability for recipients at institutions in other participating States).
Requires a State to demonstrate, under the partnership program, that it has increased the aggregate amount of its expenditures to provide comprehensive mentoring, counseling, outreach and supportive services. Directs the Secretary to establish criteria for determining which types of services programs may be counted for such purpose. Lists examples of acceptable activities. Allows the State to include in such program participating of businesses, religious organizations, community groups, postsecondary educational institutions, nonprofit and philanthropic organizations, and other entities deemed appropriate by the Secretary.
Sets forth requirements for Federal matching payments to States for such financial aid and partnership programs, with additional payments for limited administrative expenses.
Bases State allotments under this Act on their relative allocations under provisions for grants for local educational agencies in counties with especially high concentrations of children from low-income families under the Elementary and Secondary Education of 1965. Prohibits any State from using more than 50 percent of its allotment for the comprehensive counseling, outreach, and support services partnership program. Sets forth reallotment provisions.
Authorizes appropriations for FY 1993 through 1997 for grants for matching payments to States for such financial aid and partnership program.
Establishes Model Program Community Partnership Counseling Grants (as chapter 3 of the new subpart 1). Directs the Secretary to award grants to develop model programs for: (1) counseling students, at an early age, about college opportunities, precollege requirements, college admissions procedures, and financial aid opportunities, in ways designed or customized for use in specific geographic, social, and cultural environments; or (2) stimulating community partnerships with schools by providing tutoring, mentoring, work experiences, and other support services to make postsecondary education a realistic goal for all students. Gives priority to model programs directed at areas with a high proportion of minority, economically disadvantaged, or at-risk students. Authorizes the Secretary, through the National Center for Education Statistics, to make an interagency agreement with the National Science Foundation to provide for supplemental questions relating to education to support an existing panel study of income dynamics to include information on the educational and other developmental behavior of Hispanic, black, and non-Hispanic white children. Authorizes appropriations for FY 1993 through 1997 for this activity which shall supplement, not supplant, information currently included in the study.
Directs the Secretary to collect, and disseminate through the National Diffusion Network, information on: (1) successful programs for counseling students about college and for early intervention to help them stay in school and pursue postsecondary education; and (2) model programs for counseling students in specific environments and for community partnership support services to make postsecondary education a realistic goal.
Authorizes appropriations for FY 1993 through 1997 for such model program grants and such dissemination activities.
Establishes the Honors Awards program (as chapter 4 of the new subpart 1), to award Congressional Honors scholarships to Pell Grants recipients who: (1) have participated in a preparatory program for postsecondary education; and (2) demonstrate academic achievement.
Allows Congressional Honors Scholars to receive a Congressional Achievement scholarship for each year the student receives a Pell Grant and meets specified requirements for eligibility. Bases eligibility in the first year of postsecondary education on the student's receiving a Pell Grant and having: (1) participated for at least 36 months in an early intervention program meeting certain requirements; (2) completed secondary education, including three years of mathematics, two years of science, and four years of English; and (3) earned at least a 2.5 grade point average in the final two years of high school. Bases eligibility after the first year on the student's receiving a Pell Grant and: (1) having received a Presidential Achievement Award in a previous academic year; and (2) maintaining satisfactory academic progress.
Sets such scholarship amount at 25 percent of the student's Pell Grant amount (with reductions for the amount by which the scholarship combined with any other assistance exceeds the cost of attendance).
Sets forth provisions for award procedures, payment of scholarships, and awards ceremonies.
Establishes a program of Technical Assistance for Teachers and Counselors (as chapter 5 of the new subpart 1). Directs the Secretary to award two-year technical assistance grants to local educational agencies (LEAs) obtain specialized training for guidance counselors, teachers, and principals to counsel students about college opportunities, precollege requirements, college admissions procedures, and financial aid opportunities. Gives priority to LEAs serving school districts with significantly high proportions of students who do not continue on to higher education and who are educationally disadvantaged. Sets forth planning, evaluation, and reporting requirements. Authorizes appropriations for FY 1993 through 1997 for such technical assistance grants.
Establishes a National Student Savings Demonstration Program (as chapter 6 of the new subpart 1), to: (1) test the feasibility of a national program to encourage families to save for their children's college education, and thereby reduce the loan indebtedness of college students, and (2) help determine the most effective means of achieving such purposes. Authorizes the Secretary to award a demonstration grant to not more than five States to conduct such a student savings program. Provides for a Federal match of not more than $50 per child. Gives priority to States proposing programs that establish accounts for a child prior to the age of compulsory school attendance in that State. Gives special consideration to States that: (1) permit employers to use pretax income in making contributions to a child's account; and (2) provide assurances that interest earned in such accounts shall be exempt from State taxes. Authorizes appropriations for FY 19932 through 1997 for such program.
Sets forth provisions for Public Information (as chapter 7 of the new subpart 1), including a database, information lines, and public advertising. Directs the Secretary to award a contract to establish and maintain: (1) a computerized database of all public and private financial assistance programs, to be accessible to schools and libraries through modems or toll-free telephone lines; and (2) a toll-free information line, including access by telecommunications devices for the deaf, to provide individualized financial assistance information to parents, students, and others, including referrals to postsecondary clearinghouse for individuals with disabilities. Directs the Secretary to encourage private nonprofit organizations to work with video produces to develop and deliver public service announcements and paid advertising messages that encourage economically disadvantaged, minority, or at-risk individuals to seek higher education and financial assistance counseling at public schools and libraries. Allows such announcements and messages to be specially designed for student of limited English proficiency. Requires the Secretary to keep the Congress informed of such advertising efforts and recommended any additional legislative authority that will serve such purposes. Authorizes appropriations for FY 1993 through 1997 for such Public Information programs.
Establishes a Presidential Achievement Scholarship Program (as chapter 8 of the new subpart 1). Authorizes appropriations for FY 1993 through 1997 for such program. Authorizes the Secretary to carry out such program to award scholarships to students who are Pell Grant recipients and demonstrate high levels of academic achievement. Provides that such scholarships will be awarded for one academic year of full-time undergraduate study, at a time, but that an eligible student may receive up to four such scholarships, each for a year of undergraduate study (or five, if the full time undergraduate program of study requires five years). Requires, for eligibility for such a scholarship, that a student receive a Pell Grant for that academic year and that: (1) first-year students have ranked in the top ten percent of their high school graduating class, and have achieved at least an announced minimum national test score; and (2) students in other years be enrolled in at least a two-year academic program leading to a degree, and rank in to top 20 percent of their postsecondary class as of the last year of study completed. Sets the scholarship amount at up to $500 for any academic year. Provides for adjustments in case of insufficient appropriations.
Establishes an Advanced Placement Fee Payment Program (as chapter 9 of the new subpart 1). Directs the Secretary to carry out, by contract, a program designed to provide payments, to cover the cost of advanced placement test fees, to low-income individuals who are enrolled in an advanced placement class and plan to take an advanced placement test. Requires the Secretary to disseminate information on the availability of test fee payments under such program to eligible individuals through secondary school teachers and guidance counselors. Sets forth requirements for applications and for supplementation of other funding. Authorizes appropriations for such program for FY 1993 through 1997.
Subpart 5: Amendments to Subparts 5 through 8 of Part A - Revises provisions for Special Programs for Students Whose Families Are Engage in Migrant and Seasonal Farmwork (Migrant Programs) (subpart 5 of part A of title IV of HEA), including the high school equivalency program (HEP) and the college assistance migrant program (CAMP). Includes under program eligibility provisions, for HEP recruitment services and CAMP outreach and recruitment services, certain persons who have participated under specified programs for migrants under the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965 or the Job Partnership Training Act. Extends the ordinary grant period to five years (currently three). Extends through FY 1997 the authorization of appropriations for Migrant Programs.
Extends through FY 1997 the authorization of appropriations for the Robert C. Byrd Honors Scholarship Program (subpart 6 of part A of title IV of HEA). Repeals provisions for certain definitions under such program.
Repeals provisions for Assistance to Institutions of Higher Education (subpart 7 of part A of title IV of HEA), including: (1) certain cost-of-education payments to institutions of higher education based on numbers of students receiving Pell Grants; and (2) a veterans education outreach program.
Extends through FY 1997 the authorization of appropriations for Special Child Care Services for Disadvantaged College Students (subpart 8 of part A of title IV of HEA).
Part B: Federal Family Education Loans - Revises and renames HEA title IV part B as the Federal Family Education Loan Program (currently the Robert T. Stafford Student Loan Program). Refers to the program under this part as the Federal Stafford Student Loan Program (currently known as the Stafford or Guaranteed Student Loan- GSL-program) and to loans made under this part as Federal Stafford Loans.
Limits the authorization to guarantee new loans under the part B (Stafford Loan) program, by making such guarantee authority contingent on timely rulemaking. Prohibits issuance of any such new loan guarantees after June 30, 1994, if the Secretary does not issue final regulations implementing the changes made this Act.
Revises Stafford or GSL program provisions to add provisions relating to guaranty agency funding, including requirements for corrections for errors under reduction of excess cash reserves requirements, through reimbursement to guaranty agencies for certain claims for which payment was withheld or cancelled due to erroneous information.
Revises payment rules for the GSL (and the FISL or federally-insured student loan) programs to require lenders to offer borrowers the option of repaying the loan in accordance with a graduated or income-sensitive repayment schedule. Requires such schedule to be established by the lender and approved by the Secretary. Requires such option to be offered to the borrower not more than six months prior to the date on which the first repayment is due.
Requires that the GSL borrower receive monthly statements that designate the principal and interest that has been repaid, for the first two years of repayment.
Adds special rules to cover approved study abroad, for purposes of student loan disbursement and amounts.
Revises provisions relating to applicable interest rates.
Limits to ten percent the maximum interest rate on PLUS loans (to parents of dependent students) disbursed on or after July 1, 1993.
Revises the formula for determining interest rates for new borrowers (after July 1, 1988) of Stafford program student loans (other than supplemental, parent, or consolidation loans) to begin the period for the eight-percent rate on the date on which the repayment period begins (rather than the date of loan disbursement).
Revises provisions for treatment of excess interest payments to lenders on new borrower accounts resulting from decline in Treasury bill rates. Provides for adjustments in excess interest rate payments on loans for which the applicable interest rate is eight percent when the sum of the average of the bond equivalent rates of 91-day Treasury bills auctioned for the applicable calendar quarter and three and one-quarter percent is less than eight percent. Provides for crediting of such excess interest to: (1) the Government, during any period in which the student is eligible to have interest payments paid on his or her behalf by the Government; or (2) at any other times the reduction of principal in the student's loan account (i.e., while the student is in repayment). Sets forth formulas for determining such adjustments for eight percent loans. Adds the lender option of reducing the final payment on the loan with respect to specified types of adjustments.
Revises provisions for agreements for Federal payments to reduce student interest rates.
Prohibits lenders from charging interest or receiving interest subsidies for loans that have not been consummated (loans for which the disbursement checks have not been cashed).
Provides for proration of GSL loan program amounts eligibility to course load.
Requires a minimum payment of at least the interest due and payable. Eliminates the special minimum payment rule for married couples.
Revises provisions for deferments.
Revises provisions relating to exclusion of forbearance from repayment period calculation.
Revises provisions relating to consequences of institutional eligibility limitation, suspension, and termination actions.
Requires annual independent compliance audits of lenders.
Eliminates certain requirements for: (1) credit checks of certain borrowers (for which lenders may charge up to $25) under the GSL and FISL student loan programs; and (2) a confession of judgment, whereby the borrower authorizes entry of judgment in the event of default. (These requirements were added to HEA by the Emergency Unemployment Compensation Act of 1991, Public law 102-164.)
Requires participation agreements between the guaranty agency and each eligible institution.
Requires annual audits of guaranty agencies (currently requires biennial audits).
Requires notice to borrowers of any sale or other transfer of the loan to another holder, including specified information about the transferor and transferee.
Eliminates the teacher deferment rule for targeted shortage areas.
Allows requests for GSL program student loan repayment deferments by students engaged in graduate or postgraduate fellowship-supported study abroad (such as Fulbright grant recipients) to be approved until completion of the fellowship period.
Adds requirements for conflict-of-interest procedures for restrictions on guaranty agency officers and employees.
Authorizes guaranty agencies to enter into agreements under which State licensing boards will, upon request, furnish guaranty agencies with the addresses of student borrowers.
Revises provisions relating to repayment periods for various types of student loans under part B.
Revises the time period during which a guaranty agency may file a claim for reimbursement.
Limits additional review claims by exceptional performance lenders and loan servicers to cases of fraud or other purposeful misconduct in obtaining such designation.
Requires guaranty agencies to submit lists of defaulted borrowers to institutions of higher education to check on the lists' accuracy, prior to filing reinsurance claims.
Revises forbearance provisions.
Provides for references to third party servicers.
Revises provisions relating to subrogation.
Sets forth special rules for exceptional performance in loans collection by eligible lenders and guaranty agencies.
Revises provisions for cost of lender participation promotion to refer to eligible (rather than commercial) lenders.
Authorizes the Secretary to establish an income contingent repayment collection mechanism.
Renames the Supplemental Loans for Students (SLS) program the Federal Supplemental Loans for Students program (Supplemental loans). Provides for coordination of repayment of Stafford loans and Supplemental loans. Revises provisions relating to capitalization of interest. Prohibits students from being eligible for a supplemental loan if they are enrolled in an undergraduate or nondegree program of less than two years in a proprietary institution of higher education, unless they are ineligible to receive a Stafford loan.
Renames the Parent Loans for Undergraduate Students (PLUS) program the Federal PLUS loans program (parent loans). Revises provisions for parent (PLUS) loans with respect to: (1) copayable checks; (2) disbursement; (3) limitation of deferral; and (4) capitalization of interest.
Renames the Consolidation Loans program the Federal Consolidation Loans program (consolidation loans).
Revises provisions for consolidation loans with respect to: (1) use of consolidation to avoid default; (2) extension of the consolidation eligibility period; (3) consolidation of loans of married borrowers; (4) interest during deferral; (5) repayment periods and schedules; and (6) gradual and income-sensitive repayment, as a requirement in establishing such schedules.
Revises requirements for default reduction programs. Prohibits the guaranty agency and the Secretary from demanding from a borrower as monthly payment amounts more than is reasonable and affordable based upon the borrower's total financial circumstances. Requires each guaranty agency to establish a program which allows borrowers with a defaulted loan or loans to renew their eligibility for all title IV student financial assistance (regardless of whether their defaulted loan has been sold to an eligible lender) upon the borrower's payment of six consecutive monthly payments. Prohibits the guaranty agency from demanding from a borrower as a monthly payment amount more than is reasonable and affordable based upon the borrower's total financial circumstances.
Revises loan proceeds disbursement rules to: (1) allow weekly or monthly disbursement, with the borrower's permission; and (2) exclude certain overawards under work-study programs from overaward adjustment requirements.
Adds provisions for unsubsidized Stafford loans for middle-income borrowers. Authorizes insured loans under the part B program for borrowers who do not qualify for Federal interest subsidy payments. Entitles any student meeting the definition of student eligibility under title IV general provisions to borrow an unsubsidized Stafford loan. Sets forth provisions for: (1) determination of loan amount; (2) loan limits; (3) payment of principal and interest without subsidy payments to reduce interest costs; (4) insurance premium; and (5) single application form.
Establishes an extended collection demonstration program. Directs the Secretary to enter into agreements with guaranty agencies to establish up to nine demonstration programs designed to reduce defaults through extended efforts on delinquent student loans originally guaranteed by such agencies. Sets forth provisions for: (1) selection of participants; (2) eligibility of loans for inclusion in the program; (3) lender eligibility to participate; (4) extended collection period; and (5) reports, regulations, and applicability of other terms, conditions, and benefits. Terminates such demonstration program on September 30, 1995.
Revises part B administrative provisions relating to: (1) authority to regulate services; and (2) limitation, suspension, and termination.
Directs the Secretary to promulgate regulations for: (1) standardization and simplification of student loan forms and procedures; and (2) standardization of data reporting.
Directs the Secretary to: (1) undertake a program to encourage private and public employers to assist borrowers in repaying student loans under title IV, including options for payroll deduction and loan repayment matching under employee benefit packages; (2) publicize repayment models deserving recognition; and (3) make recommendations to appropriate congressional committees on changes to the tax code or other statutes that could encourage such efforts.
Adds provisions for default reduction management. Authorizes appropriations for FY 1993 through 1997 for such purpose. Directs the Secretary to use such funds for default reduction activities, including program reviews, audits, debt management programs, training activities, and other management improvement activities. Requires that such funds be in addition to, and not in lieu of, other appropriations made for such purposes. Requires that such activities result in a performance measure of reducing defaults by five percent relative to the prior fiscal year. Requires the Secretary to: (1) submit a plan detailing the expenditure of such funds to accomplish such five percent reduction; and (2) report to specified congressional committees on such expenditure and whether the performance measure was met (and if not, why not, along with plans and schedules for achieving it, and recommendations for necessary legislative or regulatory changes or changes in the performance standard itself).
Adds provisions relating to the consequences of guaranty agency insolvency, whereby the Secretary shall pay to the holder of loans insured by such an insolvent guaranty agency the full insurance obligation of that guaranty agency, until an adequate transfer occurs.
Adds provisions for evaluation of guaranty agency solvency, including requirements relating to: (1) information collection; (2) standards for determining which guaranty agencies are in need of corrective measures and shall be subject to management plans; (3) agency failure to submit an acceptable plan or to improve under a plan; (4) reports to specified congressional committees on the Secretary's assessment of the fiscal soundness of the guaranty agency system, with recommendations for any necessary legislative changes to maintain such system; and (5) confidential treatment of information. Authorizes the Secretary to make emergency advances to a guaranty agency to assist it in meeting its immediate cash needs and to ensure the uninterrupted payment of default claims by lenders. Requires, under student loan insurance program agreements, provision of specified information relating to solvency and maintenance of reserve funds sufficient in relation to an agency's guarantee obligations.
Revises requirements for student loan information by eligible lenders to include statements that the loan must be repaid and that the borrower's loan repayment obligation is distinct from the school's obligation to the borrower.
Revises definitions for the student loan insurance program. Revises the definition of vocational school to require that, in order to be eligible under the student loan insurance program, a vocational school have, as at least 15 percent of its students during any calendar year, students who do not have any part of their tuition, fees, or other charges paid for them by the institution or by any assistance under title IV.
Revises the definition of eligible lender. Prohibits a cohort default rate above 15 percent. Requires use of proceeds from special allowance payments and interests payments from borrowers for need-based grant programs, except for reasonable reimbursement for direct administrative expenses.
Prohibits purchase from the original lender of loans that have not been consummated (loans for which the disbursement checks have not been cashed).
Revises the definition of cohort default rate for fiscal years in which less than 30 of the institution's current and former students enter repayment.
Revises provisions for the Secretary's repayment of loans of bankrupt, deceased, or disabled borrowers to extend such treatment to borrowers: (1) who are unable to complete the program due to the closure of the institution; or (2) whose eligibility to borrow under part B GSL programs was fraudulently certified by the eligible institution. Provides that the Secretary shall pursue any claim available to such borrower against the institution (as well as discharge their liability by repaying the amount owed). Provides that the period of attendance at the institution which closed and at which the student was unable to complete the course of study shall not count against the student's period of eligibility for additional title IV assistance. Provides that borrowers whose loans have been discharged under these repayment provisions shall not be precluded from receiving additional title IV assistance. Directs the Secretary to report to credit bureaus on such repaid loans.
Adds provisions for a debt management options program. Authorizes the Secretary, with specified limitations, to: (1) acquire from eligible holders the notes of borrowers under part B (other than parent loans) who are considered to be at high risk of default and who request an alternative repayment option; (2) offer such borrowers one or more alternative repayment options which may include graduated or extended repayment and which (subject to requirements for increased certainty and amount of collection) shall include an income contingent repayment option. Directs the Secretary to promulgate regulations to establish the terms and conditions of the income contingent repayment option, including repayment within 25 years. Allows potential collection of amounts in excess of the principal and interest owed on the original loan or loans. Requires a determination that: (1) the collection mechanism will provide a high degree of certainty that collections will be made; and (2) the use of such collection mechanism and repayment option will result in an increase in the net amount the Government will collect. Requires, in determining borrowers at high risk, that the Secretary consider the ratio of part B debt repayment to income and establish other appropriate indicators of high risk. Limits the amount which may be used to acquire loans under this debt management option program. Authorizes appropriations for such program for FY 1994 through 1998.
Reduces the rate of the special allowance which the Government pays to lenders when student loan rates do not match market rates.
Permits such special allowance to also be given on unsubsidized Stafford loans.
Provides that an eligible loan, for purposes of such special allowance provisions, includes all loans subject to special rules for exceptional performance in loans collection by eligible lenders and guaranty agencies.
Adds requirements for origination fees for supplemental (SLS) loans and parent (PLUS) loans. Requires eligible lenders to charge a five percent origination fee for such loans made on or after October 1, 1992. Requires such fees to be deposited in the Student Loan Insurance Fund.
Eliminates provisions relating to discounting of student loans purchased from participating lenders.
Revises provisions for the Student Loan Marketing Association (Sallie Mae) (the Association).
Revises restrictions on facility financing by the Association.
Adds requirements to provide for the financial safety and soundness of the Association.
Requires the Association to furnish promptly to the Secretary and Secretary of the Treasury with copies of all: (1) periodic financial reports it publicly distributes; and (2) reports on it prepared by nationally recognized statistical rating organizations.
Grants the Secretary of the Treasury discretionary authority to appoint auditors to audit the Association from time to time. Requires the Association to provide such Secretary with full and prompt access to its books, records, and other requested information.
Requires the Association, if the capital ratio is less than two percent at the end of its most recent calendar quarter, to submit a plan within 60 days to the Secretary of the Treasury for increasing the capital ratio to two percent or more within 36 months. Sets forth requirements for such capital plan, including consultation, approval or disapproval by such Secretary, and copies and reports to specified congressional committees.
Requires the Association, if the capital ratio does not exceed one and one-half percent, to submit to the Secretary of the Treasury a modified plan to increase promptly its capital ratio to one and one-half percent or more. Sets forth requirements for consultation, approval or disapproval by such Secretary, and copies and reports to specified congressional committees.
Requires the Secretary of the Treasury, if the Association's capital ration does not equal or exceed one and one-half percent, to take the following actions with respect to the Association until the ratio does so: (1) limit any increase, or order reduction of, any liabilities, except as necessary to fund student loan purchase and warehousing advances; (2) restrict or eliminate growth of assets, other than such purchases and advances; (3) restrict it from making any capital distributions; (4) require issuance of new capital in any form and amount sufficient to restore at least one and one-half percent capital ratio; and (5) prohibit it from increasing any executive compensation (including bonuses) and prohibit its Board from adopting any new employment severance contracts.
Requires the Association, if the capital ratio is less than one percent at the end of its most recent calendar quarter, to proceed with diligence to implement the most recently proposed plan with modifications the Secretary of the Treasury determines necessary to cause the capital ratio to equal or exceed two percent within 60 months (and, if it has not already submitted a capital plan, to do so within 14 days). Requires such Secretary to submit the plan to specified congressional committees.
Requires the Association to submit to the Congressional Budget Offices (CBO) and the General Accounting Office (GAO) a copy of its plan and any proposed modifications sent to and by the Secretary of the Treasury. Directs the CBO and the GAO to: (1) maintain the confidentiality of such information; and (2) if such Secretary does not approve a plan or modifies a plan where the capital ratio is less than one percent, report to specified congressional committees, with specified analyses of such Secretary's submissions and recommendations for steps the Association should take to increase its capital ratio without impairing its ability to perform its purpose and authorized activities.
Directs the Secretary of Education to review the Secretary of the Treasury's specified submissions and report to specified congressional committees with: (1) a description of any administrative or legislative provisions the student loan program which contributed to the decline in the Association's capital ratio; and (2) recommendations for administrative and legislative changes in student loan programs to maintain their orderly operation and enable the association to fulfill its purpose and authorized activities consistent with the two percent minimum capital ratio.
Deems the Association in compliance with specified requirements relating to two percent and one and one-half percent capital ratios if it is rated in one of the two highest full rating categories by two nationally recognized statistical rating organizations (or one if only one is willing to provide a rating without regard to the Association status as a federally chartered corporation).
Sets forth provisions relating to treatment of confidential information about the Association.
Defines capital ratio.
Revises HEA provisions relating to the Association's stock to provide for a single class of voting common stock (converting all previously authorized shares of voting and nonvoting common stock).
Revises HEA provisions relating to the Association's Board of Directors. Set forth qualification requirements for affiliated members.
Part C: Federal Work-Study Programs - Revises and renames HEA title IV part C as Federal Work-Study Programs (currently Work-Study Programs).
Extends through FY 1997 the authorization of appropriations for part C work-study programs.
Provides for reallocation of a portion of excess allocations as a consequence of failure to award work-study program funds, under specified conditions. Requires reduction of the next fiscal year's allocation to institutions which return more than ten percent of their allocation, but allows waivers under certain conditions.
Requires that institutions, in FY 1994 and succeeding fiscal years, be encouraged to use at least ten percent of their part C work-study program grant funds to compensate students employed in community service work-study programs.
Increases from $200 to $300 the amount of work-study program compensation in excess of need that a student may receive.
Includes students who are age 24 or older, single parents, or independent students (as well as less-than-full-time students) among those for whom a reasonable proportion of an institution's work-study program funds must be available.
Revises Federal share provisions.
Adds provisions for approved study abroad eligibility for work-study programs.
Requires work-study program grant agreements to provide assurances that: (1) employment made available from such program funds may be used to support programs for supportive services to students with disabilities; and (2) the institution will inform all eligible students of the opportunity to perform community service work-study, and will consult with local nonprofit, governmental, and community-based organizations to identify such opportunities.
Sets forth provisions for carry-back authority.
Increases the maximum amount of its work-study grant allotment which an institution may use for a job location and development program for its students (including community services jobs).
Establishes a work colleges program. Transfers to Part D of title XI current provisions for: (1) work study for community service-learning on behalf of low-income individuals and families; and (2) student community service job location and development.
Authorizes appropriations for FY 1993 through 1997 to carry out the work colleges program. Requires such funds to be allocated to qualifying institutions, in lieu of allocations under other specified work-study program provisions, upon application, for eligible students as defined under student aid provisions. Requires an institution receiving such a work colleges program allocation to expend an equal amount of matching funds from non-Federal sources for such program.
Authorizes institutions to use such work colleges program funds for: (1) supporting qualified students' educational costs through self-help payments or credits provided under the institution's work-learning program within the limits of student aid program provisions; (2) promoting work-learning-service experience as a tool of postsecondary education, financial self-help, and community service-learning opportunities; (3) administering, developing, and assessing comprehensive college work-learning programs, including community based work-learning alternatives that expand opportunities for community service and career-related work; and (4) developing programs that develop sound citizenship and personal values, encourage student persistence, and make optimum use of college work-study dollars in HEA title IV aid in education and student development.
Allows funds allocated to the institution under HEA title IV provisions for supplemental educational opportunity grants, work-study programs, and direct student loans to be transferred for use under the work colleges program to provide flexibility in strengthening the self-help-through-work element in financial aid packaging. Requires postsecondary institutions, in order to be eligible to participate in the work colleges program, to: (1) be public or private nonprofit institutions with stated commitments to service; (2) have comprehensive work-learning-service program for at least two years; (3) requires service by all resident students through a comprehensive work-learning program as an integral part of the institution's educational philosophy; and (4) provide through the institutional work program an opportunity for the students to contribute to the overall educational program and the welfare of the community as a whole.
Part D: Federal Direct Loans - Establishes a Federal Direct Loan Demonstration Program as part D of title IV of HEA. (Eliminates the current part D, Income Contingent Direct Loans Demonstration Project.)
Directs the Secretary to carry out such Federal direct loan demonstration program (the program) for qualified students and parents at selected institutions of higher education during the period beginning on July 1, 1994, and ending on June 30, 1988.
Directs the Secretary to make program payments for any fiscal year to: (1) each institution of higher education having a program agreement; and (2) the designated lending agent if such an institution designates one. Requires such payments to be made on the basis of the estimated needs of the institution's students and parents, considering their demand and eligibility for loans under the program.
Declares that an institution with an approved application and agreement with the Secretary shall be deemed to have a contractual obligation (entitlement) from the United States for making the program payments specified in that application.
Sets forth program payment rules, in general and for initial payments.
Sets forth requirements for selection of institutions by the Secretary to participate in such loan demonstration program. Directs the Secretary to enter into loan demonstration program agreements with institutions of higher education at which the total loan volume under the Stafford, supplemental, and parent loan programs was $500,000,000 in the most recent year. Provides that under such agreements such institutions will make loans for the period beginning with the academic year beginning on July 1, 1994, and ending with loans made before June 30, 1998. Requires such agreements to be concluded by January 1, 1994. Requires that such institutions represent a cross-section of all institutions of higher education participating in part B of title IV, in terms of control of the institution, length of academic program, highest degree offered, size of student enrollment, percentage of students borrowing under part B, geographic location, annual loan volume, default experience, and composition of the student body. Requires the Secretary, as much as possible consistent with requirements for such a cross-section, to first enter into agreements with institutions which apply to participate in such program. Requires the Secretary to designate additional institutions, from eligible part B participants, to participate in the demonstration program, if necessary to satisfy the total loan volume and cross-section requirements. Allows an institution so designated to decline to participate in the loan demonstration program for good cause. Requires the Secretary to assure that the annual loan volume under the Stafford, supplemental, and parent loan programs at the institutions with which the Secretary enter into loan demonstration program participation agreements, in the most recent fiscal year for which data are available, is not more than 15 percent of the loan guarantees under these programs of any guaranty agency. Requires the Secretary to determine that such guaranty agency will remain financially sound.
Sets forth requirements for such loan demonstration program agreements with institutions of higher education. Prohibits such institutions from charging any administrative fees to students or parents for originating such loans. Requires testing of income contingent repayment methods by 20 percent of the institution selected for such loan demonstration program.
Directs the Secretary to establish procedures for withdrawal or termination of institutions from the loan demonstration program.
Requires loans under such demonstration program to have the same terms, conditions, and benefits as Stafford, supplemental, and parent loans, and to be eligible for consolidation.
Sets forth provisions for such demonstration program loan collection functions under competitive procurement contracts, including provisions for servicing for, and information on, income contingent loans.
Directs the Secretary to submit to the Congress annual reports on the progress and status of the loan demonstration program (by July 1, 1993, and each July 1 for the five succeeding years). Directs the Comptroller General to submit to the Congress an evaluation of the loan demonstration program experience of the Department of Education, the participating institutions, students, and parents, through an interim final report by July 1, 1997, and a final report by May 1, 1998. Directs the Secretary to select a control group of institutions comparable to the cross-section of participating institutions, to assist the Comptroller General in preparing such reports. Sets forth requirements for treatment of specified types of costs for purposes of such reports.
Sets forth a schedule of regulatory activities by the Secretary with respect to such loan demonstration program, including publication dates for proposed and final regulations and for the list of participating institutions and the control group, closing date for applications from institutions, and deadline for award of procurement contracts.
Authorizes appropriations for FY 1993 through 1998 to enable the Secretary to make payments for the Federal Direct Loans Demonstration Program.
Authorizes appropriations for FY 1993 and thereafter for administrative expenses necessary for carrying out title IV student aid programs, including expenses for staff personnel and compliance activities.
Part E: Federal Perkins Loans - Revises and renames part E of title IV of HEA as Federal Perkins Loans (currently named Direct Loans to Students in Institutions of Higher Education or Perkins Loans).
Extends through FY 1997 the authorization of appropriations for contributions by the Secretary to Perkins Loans program student loan funds.
Adds provisions for eligibility for study abroad.
Revises provisions for default penalties, and definitions of default rate and cohort default rate. Requires institutions with cohort default rate of 15 percent or more to establish default reduction plans, for FY 1994 and succeeding fiscal years.
Provides for reduction of allocation as a consequence of failure to award funds.
Revises Perkins loan program provisions for capital contributions by institutions. Requires an institution to match the Federal capital contribution if the institution is granted permission to participate in an Expanded Lending Option and has a default rate not more than seven and one-half percent. Requires all other institutions to contribute an amount at least one-third of the Federal amount.
Adds requirements for institutions to disclose specified information to any credit bureau with which the Secretary has a specified agreement.
Revises loan limits under the Perkins Loan program.
Provides for a reasonable proportion of a institution's Perkins Loans to be made to nontraditional students, including less-than-full-time, age 24 or older, single parents, or independent students.
Revises minimum monthly payments for loans made after a specified date.
Provides for adjustment of excessive loan awards.
Eliminates a defense based on the borrower's being a minor.
Adds a deferment of Perkins loan repayment for family service agency employees who provide or supervise services to high-risk children from low-income communities and their families.
Revises the repayment period for Perkins loans.
Allows requests for deferment of Perkins loan repayment by students in graduate or post-graduate fellowship-supported study abroad (such as Fulbright grant recipients) until completion of the fellowship period.
Authorizes the Secretary to grant an institution special repayment authority to compromise, within specified limits, on the repayment of defaulted Perkins loans, under specified conditions, to encourage repayment and protect U.S. interests.
Revises provisions for cancellation of Perkins loans for certain public service. Adds special rules for determining the list of schools with specified percentages of educationally disadvantaged students at which full-time teaching service in any subject may qualify for such cancellation, and for continuing eligibility even if the school is no longer on such list. Adds provisions for such cancellation for full-time service as: (1) a teacher of infants, toddlers, children or youth with disabilities in a public or other nonprofit elementary or secondary school system, or as a professional provider of early intervention services; (2) nurse or medical technician providing health care services; or (3) family service agency employee providing or supervising services to high-risk children from low-income communities and their families.
Revises an excess capital rule.
Establishes the Perkins Loan Revolving Fund, to be available to the Secretary to make payments under part E. Provides that specified funds be deposited in such Fund.
Sets forth definitions of low-income communities, high-risk children, and infants, toddlers, children, and youth with disabilities.
Part F: Need Analysis - Revises HEA title IV part F provisions for Need Analysis.
Establishes a new single need analysis formula to be used in the calculation of financial need for all title IV Student Assistance programs (thus replacing the current separate formulas for Pell Grants and for other title IV programs). Bases such new formula on the current formula used for the Stafford (GSL) and the "campus-based" aid programs including supplemental grants and work-study programs.
Revises provisions for amount of need. Eliminates provisions for a minimum student contribution.
Revises provisions for cost of attendance.
Revises provisions for expected family contribution: (1) in general; (2) for dependent students; (3) independent students without dependent children; and (4) independent students with dependent children.
Revises provisions relating to the Secretary's authority to prescribe specified updated need analysis tables and to propose modifications in the need analysis methodology.
Revises provisions for the simplified needs test to provide for a by-pass and consideration as having a zero family contribution for those with family adjusted gross incomes less than or equal to the earned income tax credit.
Retains provisions relating to: (1) the discretion of student financial aid administrators; (2) disregard of student aid in other Federal programs; and (3) Native American students.
Revises definitions for need analysis provisions under title IV.
Includes, under the definition of independent student, one who is 24 years of age or older by December 31 of the award year.
Part G: General Provisions - Revises definitions for title IV (Student Assistance) in general.
Excludes from the definition of institution of higher education, for purposes of title IV program eligibility, any institution which: (1) enrolls 50 percent or more of its students in correspondence courses; or (2) has filed for bankruptcy, if there is a judicial determination of fraud involving Federal funds.
Makes an institution of higher education ineligible for the Pell Grant program under part A if it is ineligible to participate in a loan program under part B of title IV as a result of a default rate determination under specified provisions.
Revises the definition of proprietary institution of higher education, for purposes of title IV eligibility, to require that a proprietary institution have at least 15 percent of its revenues from sources that are not derived from funds provided under title IV. Allows an institution which provides less than a 600, but more than a 300, clock hour program of training to prepare students for gainful employment in a recognized occupation to be eligible for loans under part B or part D of title IV if: (1) the owner of the institution or a prospective employer cosigns the loan with the students; and (2) the loan amount is not more than half of the tuition and fees.
Revises the definition of academic and award years. Sets forth certain eligible program standards for length of time of specified types of programs.
Sets forth provisions for: (1) time limitations on, and renewal of, eligibility; (2) provisional certification of institutional eligibility; (3) branches; and (4) changes of ownership.
Defines third party servicer.
Revises provisions relating to a master calendar.
Revises provisions for forms and regulations for title IV student aid programs. Requires the common financial reporting form to be produced, distributed, and processed by the Secretary. Prohibits charging any parent or student a fee for the collection, processing, or delivery of financial aid through use of such a form. Requires institutions to pay the costs of other forms and their processing if they require or encourage students to use any form other than one approved by the Secretary. Requires use of the approved common form for purposes of title IV programs.
Makes all data collected for the multiple data entry process the exclusive property of the Secretary. Prohibits such data from being transferred to a third party by an approved contractor without the Secretary's expressed written approval.
Directs the Secretary to develop a streamlined reapplication process.
Revises provisions for toll-free student aid information to include: (1) accessibility for telecommunication devices for the deaf; and (2) referrals to a postsecondary clearinghouse for individuals with disabilities.
Revises provisions for student eligibility for title IV student aid programs.
Includes programs of study abroad approved for credit by the eligible institution among programs in which a student may receive such aid.
Prohibits a student who is incarcerated from being eligible to receive a loan under title IV.
Revises provisions for ability-to-benefit programs to include a State-prescribed determination process approved by the Secretary.
Authorizes the Secretary to verify all applications for aid through the use of any means available, including exchange of information with other Federal agencies.
Revises provisions for loss of student eligibility for violation of loan limits to allow students who inadvertently exceed such borrowing limit to repay the excess amount prior to being certified for further title IV assistance.
Sets forth provisions for the Secretary's verification of social security numbers provided by students to eligible institutions.
Sets forth provisions for data base matching with the Selective Service.
Provides for eligibility for title IV assistance for students in study abroad programs approved for credit by their home institutions.
Provides that students enrolled in courses of instruction at eligible institutions of higher education that are offered in whole or part through visual telecommunications devices or mediums and lead to recognized associate, bachelor, or graduate degrees shall not: (1) be considered to be enrolled in correspondence courses (which are not eligible for student assistance); and (2) have their eligibility to participate in HEA title IV student assistance programs restricted or reduced solely on the basis of their enrollment in such courses offered through visual telecommunications. Prohibits the Secretary, for award years prior to enactment of this Act, to take any action against a student or eligible institution arising out of a prior award of student assistance if the institution demonstrates that its course of instruction would have been in conformance with such provisions.
Provides for suspension of title IV student aid eligibility, for specified intervals based on type of offense and number of convictions for students convicted of certain drug-related offenses. Allows earlier resumption of such eligibility if: (1) the student satisfactorily completes a drug rehabilitation program; or (2) in the case of first convictions, if the student demonstrates enrollment or acceptance in such a program and agrees to reimburse the Federal Government for the amount of assistance received if the student does not complete the program within a specified period.
Revises statute of limitations provisions to provide that, with respect to any loan made part B GSL programs, a lender, holder, guaranty agency, or the Secretary shall not be subject to any claim or defense asserted by a borrower which is attributable to an act or failure to act by an educational institution attended by the borrower (unless the lender is an eligible institution). Provides that, in collecting any obligation arising from a loan made under title IV, an institution (as well as a guaranty agency or the Secretary) shall not be subject to a defense raised by any borrower based on a claim of infancy.
Establishes requirements for institutional refunds, refund policies, and disclosures of policy.
Revises provisions for information dissemination activities. Requires the institution to inform prospective student borrowers that study abroad programs approved for credit by the institution are eligible for student aid.
Requires that exit counseling for borrowers include the terms and conditions under which the student may obtain partial cancellation or defer repayment of the interest and principal pursuant to specified provisions.
Requires borrowers to provide certain information during the exit interview, regarding their expected permanent address, employer, next of kin, and corrections in the institution's records relating to their identification and location. Requires the institution to forward such information to the lender and guaranty agency.
Establishes requirements for institutional information to students and prospective students regarding campus security policy and crime statistics. Sets forth provisions for campus security policy development, including requirements for education programs, notifications, and procedures. Sets deadlines for reports on campus security and requires such reports to include campus crime statistics for specified periods.
Revises provisions for a National Student Loan Data System to include requirements for: (1) common identifiers; and (2) integration of databases.
Directs the Secretary to establish a centralized Student Loan Data System for use by schools, borrowers, holders, and guarantors in: (1) confirming borrower, internship, and residency status; and (2) identifying the current holder and servicer of a loan. Sets forth requirements for information in such system and restricted access, and deadlines for planning and implementation.
Revises provisions for training in financial aid and student supportive services. Sets forth grant limitations. Extends through FY 1997 the authorization of appropriations for such training programs.
Revises provisions for title IV program participation agreements.
Requires institutions to disclose to prospective students relevant State licensing requirements for any job for which the course of instruction is designed.
Prohibits institutions from: (1) making incentive payments to persons or entities engaged in student recruiting or admission or awarding of assistance; (2) employing or using any individual or organization that has committed fraud involving Federal funds; or (3) denying Federal aid to any eligible student because of participation in approved study abroad.
Requires institutions: (1) acknowledge specified entities' information-sharing authority; (2) develop Default Management Plans under specified conditions; (3) complete specified surveys and collect and transmit specified information; and (4) annual audits and reports on total revenues and expenditures of the institution as a whole and of its athletic departments and intercollegiate athletic activities, if the institution offers athletically related student aid (including separate amounts attributable to football, men's basketball, and women's basketball, and to all other men's sports combined and all other women's sports combined).
Prohibits institutions from imposing any penalty (including assessment of late fees, denial of access to classes, libraries, or other institutional facilities, or requiring the student to borrow additional funds) on students because their inability to meet financial obligations to the institution as a result of delayed disbursement of the proceeds of a loan due to compliance with title IV provisions or delays attributable to the institution.
Revises provisions relating to hearings and availability of records.
Provides for annual financial audits and compliance audits of each institution eligible under title IV.
Requires compliance audits of third party servicers and of secondary markets.
Authorizes emergency actions by the Secretary against any or all institutions under the substantial control of any individual or entity that is determined to have committed violations of any title IV program requirements or has been suspended or debarred by the Secretary.
Authorizes the Secretary to provide specified audit information to any appropriate Federal or State agency with responsibilities with respect to student assistance.
Adds provisions for institutional financial responsibility standards. Requires independent annual financial audits and third-party financial guarantees in specified cases.
Adds provisions for audit refunds to institutions (providing, in offsets or reimbursements, funds which the institution did not but should have received under title IV and which are discovered in audits by Department of Education personnel).
Establishes a Quality Assurance Program. Authorizes the Secretary to select institutions for voluntary participation in such program based on criteria including demonstrated institutional performance and considering current quality assurance goals. Allows participating institutions to develop and implement their own systems to verify student financial aid application data. Exempts participating institutions from title IV reporting or verification requirements, and allows them to substitute such quality assurance reporting as the Secretary deems necessary. Sets forth conditions for removal from the program. Authorizes the Secretary to: (1) select institutions for voluntary participation as experimental sites to provide recommendations on the impact and effectiveness of proposed regulations or new management initiatives; and (2) exempt such institutions from any title IV requirements or regulations that would bias experimental results.
Directs the Secretary to assign to each participant (including institutions, lenders, and guaranty agencies) in title IV programs a single identification number. Increases the percentage of specified program funds which may be involved in certain inter-program transfers, including package-type aid offers that include institutional and State aid to best fit the needs of individual students.
Revises provisions for administrative expenses payments to require a reasonable proportion of an institution's funds to be available for financial aid services during times and in places to accommodate specified types of nontraditional students.
Revises title IV provisions for criminal penalties. Increase the amount of fines for specified violations.
Adds provisions relating to extent of liability for financial losses to the Federal Government, student aid recipients, and other program participants and civil and criminal penalties, arising from material inaccuracy of information submitted by institution to the Secretary. Authorizes the Secretary to require: (1) financial guarantees from an institution participating or seeking to participate in a title IV program, and/or from one or more individuals exercising substantial control over such institution; and (2) the assumption of personal liability by one or more such individuals, in accordance with specified provisions.
Revises provisions for the Advisory Committee on Student Financial Assistance relating to: (1) independent control; (2) membership; (3)functions; and (4) availability of funds. Reauthorizes the Advisory Committee and renews its charter for a period of five years or until such time as HEA is reauthorized or rescinded.
Directs the Advisory Committee to conduct a study of means of simplifying all aspects of the Federal Family Education Loan Program (the Guaranteed Student Loan program). Directs the Advisory Committee to consult with specified congressional committees and report to them on such study within one year.
Establishes procedures for performance based regulatory relief for institutions of higher education that satisfy specified criteria in title IV program participation.
Requires regional meetings and negotiated rulemaking in developing regulations implementing amendments made to HEA title IV by this Act.
Part H: Program Integrity - Establishes a new part H of title IV of HEA Program Integrity.
Sets forth requirements for State postsecondary review agency programs for conduct or coordination of review of institutions of higher education for purposes of title IV eligibility. Sets forth requirements for: (1) agreements with such State agencies; (2) Federal reimbursement of such State agency costs; (3) State agency functions, including criteria for review; (4) State review standards, subject to disapproval by the Secretary, with differential standards under specified conditions; (5) disapproval authority and procedures; (6) consumer complaints; and (7) enforcement mechanisms. Authorizes appropriations for FY 1993 and succeeding fiscal years for Federal reimbursement of State review agency costs for such program integrity review functions, in an amount not to exceed one percent of the amount appropriated for the fiscal year for title IV student financial assistance programs.
Part I: Conforming Amendments - Makes conforming amendments to specified provisions of the Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act of 1990 and the Higher Education Technical Amendments of 1991.
Part J: Amendments to Related Programs - Amends the Excellence in Mathematics, Science and Engineering Education Act of 1990 to extend through FY 1997 the authorization of appropriations for the National Science Scholars Program of scholarship awards for postsecondary study in the physical, life, and computer sciences, mathematics, and engineering.
Part K: Amendments to Related Programs - Amends the Excellence in Mathematics, Science and Engineering Education Act of 1990 to extend through FY 1994 the authorization of appropriations for the National Academy of Science, Space, and Technology (for instruction and preparation of selected individuals for service in a science, mathematics, or engineering related capacity in the employ of the United States or a United States corporation).
Part L: Amendments to Related Programs - Amends the Excellence in Mathematics, Science and Engineering Education Act of 1990 to direct the Advisory Board of the National Academy of Science, Space and Technology to: (1) develop an exam for secondary students testing knowledge in science, mathematics, and engineering, or select an exam from existing national exams; (2) annually administer such exam; (3) annually certify the top ten scorers in each congressional district on such exam; and (4) annually award the top two scorers in each district a scholarship (under the program of scholarships for undergraduate study in science, mathematics, or engineering for students willing to serve in the employ of the U.S. Government or a U.S. corporation. Authorizes appropriations for such scholarship program for FY 1993 and 1994.
Title V: Educator Recruitment, Retention, and Development - Revises HEA title V (Educator Recruitment, Retention, and Development).
Authorizes appropriations for FY 1993 through 1997 for: (1) the new part A, State and Local Programs for Teacher Excellence; (2) part B, Teacher Scholarships and Fellowships (currently part D), including subpart 1 Paul Douglas Teacher Corps-Scholarships, and subpart 2 Christa McAuliffe Fellowship Program; (3) part C, National Programs, including subpart 1 National Mini Corps Program, subpart 2 National Board for Professional Teaching Standards, subpart 3 Partnerships for Innovative Teacher Education, subpart 4 Teacher Opportunity Corps, subpart 5 National Job Bank for Teacher Recruitment, subpart 6 Midcareer Teacher Training for Nontraditional Students, subpart 8 Training for Teachers of Drug-Exposed Children, subpart 9 Teacher Recruitment and Placement, subpart 10 Partnerships for Encouraging Minority Students to Become Teachers, and subpart 11 Veterans Teacher Corps; and (4) part D, Foreign Language Instruction, including subpart 1 Demonstration Grants for Critical Language and Area Studies and subpart 2 Development of Foreign Language and Culture Instructional Materials. Authorizes appropriations for FY 1993 for the part C subpart 7 Alternative Routes to Teacher Certification and Licensure.
Establishes, as the new part A of title V, State and Local Programs for Teacher Excellence. Provides for: (1) funds to State educational agencies (SEAs), local educational agencies (LEAs), and institutions of higher education to update and improve the skills of classroom teachers and school administrators; and (2) a comprehensive examination of State requirements for teacher preservice and certification.
Authorizes the Secretary to make grants to SEAs to improve the quality of teaching, including early childhood education. Provides for allotment to States based on school-age population (age five through 17). Provides for allotment to States based on school-age population. Requires the SEA to allocate at least 50 percent of the State allotment to LEAs based on relative enrollments in their public schools (and requiring any LEA receiving less than a specified minimum to form a consortium with other LEAs). Allows the SEA to reserve up to 25 percent of the State allotment for specified grants to institutions of higher education for teacher training programs. Directs the SEA to reserve not more than 25 percent of the State allotment to distribute to institutions of higher education for purposes of specified State uses of funds including assessment of teacher education programs, establishment of State Academies for Teachers and for School Administrators, and other teaching improvement activities. Limits State administrative expense reimbursement to not more than three percent of program funds. Requires the State to distribute such allotment funds to LEAs on a competitive basis if the appropriation for part A is less than a specified minimum amount.
Sets forth requirements for State and local applications.
Requires LEAs to use part A funds for inservice training of teachers and preschool and early childhood education specialists (including conflict-resolution, violence counseling, and cultural diversity training, as well as activities to assist teacher participation in a Tech-Prep program under the Carl D. Perkins Vocational and Applied Technology Act). Allows LEAs to use such funds for: (1) programs to recruit individuals into teaching and into early childhood education; (2) business partnerships for employee-teacher exchange and internship programs and student visits and technical training; and (3) other teaching improvement activities.
Requires SEAs to use part A funds to conduct an assessment of teacher education programs within the State. Allows SEAs to use such funds for: (1) establishing State Academies for Teachers; (2) establishing State Academies for School Leaders; and (3) other teaching improvement activities, including efforts to improve the quality and number of preschool and early childhood education specialists.
Requires each SEA receiving part A funds to undertake a study of teacher education programs (including training programs for preschool and early childhood education specialist) and State laws and regulations relating to such programs, including standards or requirements for teacher certification and licensure. Sets forth deadlines for study results and reports. Permits waivers of such requirement if the State has completed a comparable study within the previous three years, (with study funds to be used instead to implement program and policy changes or, if such changes have already been implemented, other specified activities).
Sets forth provisions for competitive awards for and authorized activities of, State Academies for Teachers and State Academies for School Administrators (including required core academic disciplines, as well as vocational and technology education and training in violence counseling and net resolution).
Allows each SEA to also use program funds to establish an academy for early childhood education training (with priority for recruiting candidates from underrepresented groups, and with provision for intensive childhood training in violence counseling).
Allows each SEA to also use program funds to establish a Tech-Prep academy to assist educators in secondary schools and community colleges to: (1) more effectively understand organizational structures and organizational change strategies; (2) learn effective peer leadership strategies; (3) identify knowledge and skills required in highly technical industries and workplaces; (4) apply creative strategies to developing interdisciplinary curricula; and (5) integrating academic and vocational education.
Allows a State to establish a separate academy for each of the six core academic subjects (English, mathematics, science, history, foreign languages, and geography) as well as vocational and technology education, or to establish one or several academics focusing on more than one subject. Allows the SEA to establish an early childhood education academy or a tech-prep academy either in addition to or in lieu of a core academic subject area.
Sets forth provisions for applications by institutions of higher education for part A grants by SEAs. Requires SEAs to award such grants on a competitive basis to such institutions having departments, schools, or colleges of education, for: (1) institutional technical assistance to LEAs for inservice training; (2) innovations and improvements in teacher education programs within the institution to better meet LEAs needs for well-prepared teachers; (3) integrating the instruction of academic and vocational teacher education programs; (4) activities to encourage individuals, especially from minority groups, to pursue careers in education; and (5) implementing new requirements for teacher education programs, when the State study of such programs is completed; and (6) improving training for preschool and early childhood education specialists, including those providing preschool and early intervention services for infants and toddlers with disabilities.
Requires part A funds to supplement, not supplant, regular non-Federal funds.
Requires any SEA which receives funding under the Neighborhood Schools Improvement Act to ensure that activities conducted under HEA title V part A are consistent with the goals and objectives of the State plan under such Act.
Revises, and transfers to part B of title V of HEA, provisions for Teacher Scholarships and Fellowships (currently part D).
Revises, extends, and renames subpart 1 as the Paul Douglas Teacher Corps Scholarships program (currently Paul Douglas, or Congressional, Teacher Scholarships program). Bases allocation among States on school-age population. Includes among various application requirements, description of how the State will inform award recipients of current and projected teacher shortages and surpluses within the State. Requires State agencies to make particular efforts to attract, and give priority consideration to, ethnic and racial minority students, students with disabilities, or other individuals historically underrepresented in teaching (as well as students from low-income disadvantaged backgrounds). Requires special consideration, in selecting teacher corps members, to be given to individuals who intend to teach: (1) students with disabilities (or provide related services for them); (2) limited English proficient students; (3) preschool age children; (4) in curricular or geographic areas where there is a demonstrated shortage of qualified teachers; or (5) in schools servicing inner city or rural or geographically isolated areas. Requires statewide panels, in selecting teacher corps members to afford special consideration to women and minorities who are underrepresented in the fields of science and mathematics and are seeking to enter the teaching profession in these fields. Limits such scholarships to not more than $5,000 for each academic year for up to four years of postsecondary education to prepare for becoming a preschool, special education, elementary, or secondary teacher. (Provides that such awards shall be considered in other title IV aid programs, and shall not exceed need or cost of attendance.) Sets forth provisions for selection of scholarship recipients by statewide panels. Sets forth scholarship conditions. Requires recipients to perform specified teaching of two years for every one year of assistance, within the ten-year period after completion the postsecondary education for which the Scholarship was awarded, or else repay the scholarship, with specified exceptions. Sets forth provisions for Federal administration of State programs, with procedures for disapproval hearings, suspension of eligibility, and judicial review. Sets forth provisions for designation of "shortage areas."
Revises and extends the subpart 2 Christa McAuliffe Fellowship Program, a national fellowship program for outstanding teachers. Increases (to three percent from two and one-half percent) the portion of program funds which may be used for administration. Directs the Secretary to establish a clearinghouse or otherwise provide for collection and dissemination of information on exemplary projects by teacher fellows receiving funds under such program.
Establishes title V part C provisions for National Programs.
Establishes, as subpart 1, the National Mini Corps Program. Authorizes the Secretary to make grants to institutions of higher education to establish program partnerships with LEAs. Provides for program services for individuals who are: (1) first-generation college students or low-income individuals as defined under TRIO special programs for students from disadvantaged backgrounds; or (2) migrant or seasonal farmworkers, or the children of such farmworkers, who meet qualifications for attendance at a college or university. Provides for certain program services, also, for children who are: (1) migrant children; or (2) eligible to receive services for educationally disadvantaged children with special needs under chapter 1 of title I of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965 (ESEA chapter 1). Requires the program to provide: (1) such individuals enrolled or planning to enroll in institutions of higher education with advice, training, and instructional services to help in being role models for such children; (2) such children with outreach and recruitment services to encourage them to enroll in teacher education programs; (3) such individuals enrolled in such an institution with support and instructional services to enable them to provide direct instructional services to such children, in coordination with SEA or LEA goals; (4) designation of college coordinators at participating institutions to train, supervise, and assign such individuals in cooperation with SEAs and LEAs in which such children have been identified; and (5) support for other activities related to encouraging such individuals to enter the teacher profession and provide a link to the community. Sets forth requirements for institutional applications, grant awards, and uses of funds.
Establishes, as subpart 2 of part C, provisions for a National Board for Professional Teaching Standards (the Board). Directs the Secretary to provide financial assistance to the Board from specified appropriations authorized for FY 1994 through 1998. Sets forth terms and conditions for such funding. Prohibits any funds from being made available to the Board after FY 1995 (except as authorized for FY 1993 through 1997).
Requires the Board to consult at least twice annually with the Committee (i.e. the Fund for Improvement and Reform of Schools and Teaching Board) on design and execution of its overall research and development strategy, including compliance with merit review and open competition requirements.
Requires funds for the Board under this Act to be used only for research and development of teacher assessment and certification procedures for elementary and secondary school teachers. Requires that priority be given to such activities relating to teaching: (1) the subject areas of mathematics, the sciences, foreign languages, and literacy (including reading, writing, and analytical ability); and (2) special educational populations, including limited English proficient children, gifted and talented children, children with disabilities, and economically and educationally disadvantaged children.
Sets the Federal share of the cost of such Board activities at 50 percent.
Requires the Board to report annually to the appropriate committees of the Congress. Requires the Secretary of Education, the Director of the National Science Foundation, and the National Research Council to review and comment on the Board's report and to report to such congressional committees on the Board's compliance with these provisions. Provides for auditing and for independent, ongoing evaluation.
Establishes, as subpart 3 of part C, provisions for a new Partnerships for Innovative Teacher Education program. Authorizes the Secretary to make grants to and contracts with State and local educational agencies, institutions of higher education, and consortia of such institutions and agencies to plan, establish, and operate teaching schools to develop and put into practice the best knowledge about teaching. Provides that planning and implementation grant awards shall be for a term of one year, with a total of five years of implementation grants under specified conditions. Provides for applications, priorities, uses of funds by award recipients, and authorized activities of such teaching schools. Sets the Federal share at 50 percent for planning grants and implementation grants.
Establishes, as subpart 4 of part C, provisions for a Teacher Opportunity Corps (TOC), to encourage institutions of higher education to offer educational programs and financial assistance to enable paraprofessionals working in shortage area schools serving disadvantaged students to become certified or licensed teachers (including preschool and early childhood education specialists) in public schools.
Directs the Secretary to allocate TOC program grant funds to States according to the same formula under which States receive ESEA chapter 1 funding for education of disadvantaged children.
Requires TOC grant program agreements to include provisions for administration and recordkeeping by the State education or higher education agency.
Authorizes the Secretary to make grants to States to support TOC programs at institutions of higher education. Sets forth State grant application requirements and general criteria for State grants, including: (1) involvement of institutions of higher education and shortage area schools or school districts; (2) full creditability to a baccalaureate program leading to teacher certification; (3) a program evaluation system; and (4) appropriate credit for paraprofessional classroom experience as practice or student teaching.
Requires any paraprofessional who receives student financial assistance under the TOC program to agree to act as a paraprofessional in a shortage area school for at least one year for each year of such assistance, within ten years after completing postsecondary education. Requires repayment of all or part of such assistance, plus interest and reasonable collection costs, if the recipient fails to comply with this service requirements, except in specified circumstances. Requires that such student financial assistance supplement, but not supplant, other Federal or State assistance for which the student would otherwise qualify.
Requires TOC program grants to be for a term of at least five years, subject to availability of appropriations.
Allows States to use TOC program funds for: (1) student financial assistance to paraprofessionals to pay part or all of the costs of attendance in postsecondary education programs required for teacher certification; (2) instructional and supportive services for such paraprofessionals during participation in such programs; and (3) payment of child care expenses to attend postsecondary classes required for teacher certification.
Establishes, as subpart 5 of part C, a National Job Bank for Teacher Recruitment. Directs the Secretary, through the Office of Educational Research and Improvement (OERI), to study the feasibility of establishing: (1) a clearinghouse to operate a national teacher job bank; and (2) regional clearinghouses.
Directs the Secretary, through OERI, to contract with one or more State entities, nonprofit organizations, or higher education institutions to pay the Federal share of costs of establishing a Teacher Job Bank Clearinghouse to help: (1) public and private education agencies locate qualified applicants for teaching-related positions; and (2) individuals locate teaching-related jobs or training necessary to enter the teaching profession. Sets forth requirements for applications and authorized uses of funds. Includes under such teacher job bank provisions elementary and secondary school classroom teachers and preschool and early childhood education specialists.
Retains and extends, and transfers to subpart 6 of part C of title V, provisions for Midcareer Teacher Training for Nontraditional Students (currently part A of title V).
Alternative Routes to Teacher Certification and Licensure Act of 1991 - Establishes, as subpart 7 of part C of title V of HEA, Alternative Routes to Teacher and Principal Certification and Licensure. Establishes program of assistance for alternative routes to teacher certification or licensure, to improve the supply of qualified elementary and secondary school teachers and principals by assisting State programs to help talented professionals who have demonstrated high competence in a subject area and wish to pursue education careers to meet State certification licensing requirements, with special emphasis on minority group member participation. Sets forth requirements for allotments, State applications, and uses of funds.
Repeals this subpart as of July 1, 1995. (Authorized appropriations for this subpart for FY 1993.)
Establishes, as subpart 8 of part C of title V of HEA, Training for Teachers of Drug-Exposed Children. Authorizes the Secretary to make grants to schools of education at institutions of higher education to support development, and instruction in use, of curricula and institutional materials that provide teachers and other education personnel with effective strategies for educating drug-exposed children.
Gives priority to schools of education located in or near communities with a large number or rate of: (1) arrests for, or while under the influence of, drugs; (2) infants born perinatally exposed to drugs; (3) drug-exposed children of preschool or school age; or (4) other appropriate data indicating a significant drug problem. Requires grant recipients to disseminate curricula and materials developed with grant funds by: (1) instruction of teachers and other education personnel within their State; and/or (2) designation of their personnel as consultants to such schools for such dissemination. Directs the Secretary to establish a clearinghouse to compile and make available such curricula plans for educational personnel and for schools of education, and other relevant information. Requires the Secretary to consult with the Secretary of Health and Human Services (HHS) concerning the curricula, materials, and information to be made available through the clearinghouse, and notify SEAs and LEAs of its availability.
Establishes, as subpart 9 of part C of title V of HEA, Teacher Recruitment and Placement. Authorizes the Secretary to make grants to institutions of higher education with schools and departments of education to pay the Federal share of developing and carrying out programs to: (1) recruit, prepare, and train students to become elementary and secondary school teachers; and (2) place students as teachers in urban and rural public and private nonprofit elementary or secondary schools where at least 50 percent of students enrolled are minority groups. Allows special consideration, in awarding of such grants, to be given to historically Black colleges and universities. Sets forth authorized uses of grant funds and application requirements. Sets the Federal share at 75 percent, but authorizes an increase to 85 percent after FY 1993 as a performance incentive for demonstrated success in program operation.
Establishes, as subpart 10 of part C of title V of HEA, Partnerships for Encouraging Minority Students to Become Teachers. Authorizes the Secretary to make grants to partnerships of institutions of higher education and LEAs to develop and carry out programs to identify and encourage minority students in the 7th through 12th grades to aspire to and prepare for careers in elementary and secondary school teaching. Authorizes consortia grants for such institutions with special expertise that have entered into partnership agreements with LEAs. Sets forth grant selection criteria, partnership agreement requirements, authorized uses of funds, and application requirements.
Establishes, as subpart 11 of part C of title V of HEA, the Veterans Teacher Corps (VTC). Authorizes the Secretary to make grants to LEAs to conduct VTC authorized activities, as follows: (1) informational and outreach programs leading to development of programs designed to inform U.S. military veterans about teaching opportunities and necessary qualifications; (2) programs to create teaching opportunities for veterans; (3) support for programs to assist veterans to meet teacher qualifications; (4) information dissemination on the VTC program and on sources of student assistance under title IV of HEA and under programs administered by the Department of Veterans Affairs and other Federal agencies; and (5) from up to 65 percent of VTC program funds, scholarships for veterans under the same terms and conditions as the Paul Douglas Teacher Corps Scholarships program under subpart 1 of part B of title V. Sets forth grant application requirements for LEAs. Limits the amount and duration of each grant. Gives priority to LEA applications evidencing commitments of support for the program from veterans and teacher organizations in the applicant's jurisdiction. Requires evaluations and reports by grant recipients.
Adds to title V a new part D, Foreign Language Instruction, with: (1) subpart 1, Demonstration Grants for Critical Language and Area Studies; and (2) subpart 2, Development of Foreign Language and Culture Instructional materials. Authorizes the Secretary to make subpart 1 demonstration grants to specified eligible consortia to: (1) operate critical language and area studies programs; (2) develop and acquire educational equipment and materials; and (3) develop teacher training programs, texts, curriculum, and other activities to improve and expand instruction in foreign languages at elementary and secondary schools across the Nation. Authorizes the Secretary to make subpart 2 competitive grants to various types of educational entities or consortia to act as a resource center for: (1) coordinating development of and disseminating foreign language and culture instructional material (including children's literature, videotapes, computer software, and international study teacher instructional kits); and (2) encouraging expanded use of technology in teaching foreign language and culture at the elementary school level (and, when those needs are met, at the secondary school level) with emphasis on schools with proportionally fewer resources. (Requires coordination with, and use of materials and technologies developed under, the Star Schools Assistance Program Act.)
Title VI: International Education Programs - Revises title VI of HEA, International Education Programs.
Revises provisions for part A, International and Foreign Language Studies.
Revises provisions for graduate and undergraduate language and area studies, to add to authorized uses of program grants the establishing and maintaining of linkages with overseas institutions of higher education and other organizations that may contribute to specified educational objectives of the program or center.
Authorizes the Secretary to make additional grants to comprehensive language and area centers for programs of linkage or outreach: (1) between foreign language, area studies, and other international fields and professional schools and colleges; (2) with two- and four-year colleges and universities; (3) with departments or agencies of State and Federal governments; (4) with the news media, business, professional, or trade associations; and (5) carried out by summer institutes in foreign area and other international fields. Revises provisions for stipends.
Revises provisions for language resource centers.
Revises provisions for undergraduate international studies and foreign language programs. Limits program grants to not more than 50 percent of project costs. Replaces model grant provisions with provisions for grants to strengthen programs of demonstrated excellence to ensure their self-sustaining maintenance and growth and enhance their capacity-building and dissemination functions. Authorizes the Secretary to also make grants for programs of national significance for undergraduate international studies and foreign language education purposes.
Retains and extends provisions for intensive summer language institutes.
Revises provisions for research, studies, an annual reports.
Revises provisions for assistance in acquiring and making available periodicals published outside the United States to add provisions for other research materials published outside the United States. Authorizes appropriations for FY 1993 through 1997 for such assistance (in addition to other funds authorized for part A).
Requires the Secretary, in awarding grants under part A International and Foreign Language Studies, to ensure that an appropriate portion of such funds are used to support undergraduate education.
Extends through FY 1997 the authorization of appropriations for title VI part A, International and Foreign Language Studies.
Revises title VI part B provisions for Business and International Education Programs.
Revises provisions both for centers for international business education and for education and training programs to add to authorized uses of such center and program grants: (1) establishment of linkages overseas with institutions of higher education and other organizations that contribute to such centers' and programs' educational objectives; and (2) summer institutes in international business, foreign area, and other international studies designed to carry out specified purposes.
Sets forth provisions for joint venturing agreements. Authorizes the Secretary to make grants to the Centers for International Business Education and Research in consortia with an institution or institutions of higher education which have specialized expertise in area studies, foreign language studies, international studies, or global business education. Provides that, of funds allocated for such joint venturing agreements, not more than one-fourth may be allotted to participating centers, and the remainder shall be allotted to partnership institutions. Requires the partnership institution to provide 50 percent matching funds, in cash or in kind, from its own resources or from the business community.
Extends through FY 1997 the authorization of appropriations for title VI part B, Business and International Education Programs, including Centers for International Business Education and Education and Training Programs.
Revises title VI part C general provisions to eliminate provisions for an Advisory Board. Adds a definition of critical languages. Allows institutions of higher education not located in the United States which meet specified eligibility requirements to apply for title VI International Education assistance in consortia with U.S. institutions of higher education that are eligible under HEA.
Provides that amendments to title VI establishing new programs or expanding existing programs pursuant to this Act shall not be funded in FY 1993 through 1997 unless and until the Congress enacts appropriations for pre-1992 title VI programs enacted prior to this Act at a level no less than their FY 1992 funding.
Establishes a new part D of title VI, the Institute for International Public Policy (the Institute), which shall, conduct a program to significantly increase the numbers of African Americans and other minorities in the foreign service of the United States. Authorizes the Institute to be established through grant or contract between the Secretary and an eligible recipient (a consortia of institutions eligible for title III part B assistance for historically Black colleges and universities, other institutions of higher education serving substantial numbers of African American and other minority students, and institutions of higher education with nationally recognized programs in training foreign service professionals). Requires each consortia to designate a host institution for the Institute.
Sets forth the components of the academic program of the Institute, including a junior year abroad, academic year and summer internships, a masters degree program, and fellowships for full-time study for students who agree to enter the U.S. foreign service.
Requires appointment of a Board of Visitors for the Institute.
Sets forth matching requirements and provisions for gifts and donations.
Authorizes appropriations for FY 1993 for the Institute.
Title VII: Construction, Reconstruction and Renovation of Academic Facilities - Revises title VII of HEA, Construction, Reconstruction, and Renovation of Academic Facilities.
Revises title VII program purposes, and makes a priority on renovation optional rather than mandatory.
Extends through FY 1997 the authorization of appropriations for the following title VII programs: (1) part A, Grants for the Construction, Reconstruction, and Renovation of Undergraduate Academic Facilities; (2) part B, Grants for Construction, Reconstruction, and Renovation of Graduate Academic Facilities; (3) part C, Loans for Construction, Reconstruction, and Renovation of Academic, Housing, and Other Educational Facilities (consolidates the current parts C and F); and (4) part D, Grants to Pay Interest on Debt.
Sets fourth a Buy American requirement. Prohibits any funds appropriated under title VII from being expended by an institution of higher education for any procurement contract that an agency of the Government would be prohibited from entering into under the Buy American Act.
Revises title VII part A provisions for Grants for the Construction, Reconstruction, and Renovation of Undergraduate Academic Facilities.
Limits the total payment of such grants under part A for any fiscal year to institutions of higher education in any State to not move than 12 1/2 percent of part A appropriations.
Directs the Secretary to use a national peer review panel in making part A grants to institutions. Retains provisions for cost limitations and use for maintenance.
Retains part B provisions for Grants for Construction, Reconstruction, and Renovation of Graduate Academic Facilities.
Consolidates loan programs under current part C and part F provisions into a new part C, Loans for Construction, Reconstruction, and Renovation of Academic, Housing, and Other Educational Facilities. Sets forth provisions for such Federal assistance in the form of loans use of funds, and a revolving loan fund. Limits to not more than 12 1/2 percent of part C funds in the form of loans the amount which may be made available to educational institutions within any one State. Directs the Secretary, in awarding part C loans, to give priority to loans for renovation or reconstruction of: (1) graduate or undergraduate academic facilities; and (2) older graduate or undergraduate academic facilities that have gone without major renovation or reconstruction for an extended period. Deletes provisions relating to a revolving loan funds. Provides for a portion of funds obtained pursuant to specified provisions under title IV of the Housing Act of 1950 to be available for part C purposes.
Retains part D provisions for Grants to Pay Interest on Debt.
Revises part E provisions for the College Construction Loan Insurance Association.
Eliminates provisions for part G, Special Programs.
Establishes a new part F, Historically Black College and University Capital Financing. Authorizes the Secretary to enter into insurance agreements to provide financial insurance to guarantee full payment of principal and interest on qualified bonds to facilitate capital financing for historically Black colleges and universities (eligible institutions).
Requires the Secretary to designate a qualified bonding authority that agrees to assume specified responsibilities, including using bond proceeds to make loans to eligible institutions for capital projects.
Limits the aggregate principal amount of outstanding bonds insured under this Act together with any accrued unpaid interest thereon. Limits the specified portions of such aggregate amount which may be used for loans to eligible institutions that are, respectively, private or public. (Provides, for such purposes, that Lincoln University of Pennsylvania and Howard University in Washington, D.C., are public institutions.)
Sets forth duties and powers of the Secretary under this part F, including procedures for designation of the bonding authority.
Establishes, within the Department of Education, the Historically Black College and University Capital Financing Advisory Board.
Provides for minority business enterprise utilization under this part F.
Redesignates part H General Provisions as part G. Adds provisions for forgiveness of certain loans.
Repeals title VII part J (I) (redesignated as part H) provisions for the Agriculture, Strategic Metals, Minerals, Forestry, and Oceans College and University Research Facilities and Instrumentation Modernization Program.
Title VIII: Cooperative Education - Revises title VIII of HEA, Cooperative Education.
Extends through FY 1997 the authorization of appropriations for cooperative education programs under title VIII. Revises provisions for reservations of funds.
Limits eligibility to apply for new administration grants under title VIII to those institutions of higher education which have not received funds for the administration of the cooperative education program for the preceding ten years.
Revises provisions for: (1) applications for existing programs; (2) duration of grants; (3) Federal share; and (4) consideration of applications.
Adds to design requirements for the functioning of training and resource centers under title VIII the encouragement of model and cooperative education in the fields of science and mathematics for women and minorities who are underrepresented in these fields.
Title IX: Graduate Programs - Revises title IX of HEA, Graduate Programs.
Directs the Secretary to provide for coordinated administration and regulation of assisted graduate programs to ensure that they are carried out in a manner most compatible with academic practices. Directs the Secretary to appoint administrative and technical employees with the appropriate educational background to assist in program administration.
Revises and renames part A, Grants to Institutions to Encourage Women and Minority Participation in Graduate Education (currently, Grants to Institutions to Encourage Minority Participation in Graduate Education).
Adds provisions for women (as well as for individuals from minority groups underrepresented in graduate education, including the field of science and mathematics) under such part A program.
Adds provisions for information collection under such part A program.
Revises title IX part B provisions. Renames part B as Postbaccalaureate Opportunity and Harris Fellowship Programs (currently Patricia Roberts Harris Fellowships).
Provides for a subpart 1 program of postbaccalaureate masters and professional education of women and minorities underrepresented in such education. Provides for individual stipends comparable with the National Science Foundation Graduate Fellowships.
Provides for a subpart 2 program, the Patricia Roberts Harris Graduate Fellowship Program, to provide, through institutions of higher education, grants to assist the doctoral education for women and individuals from underrepresented groups. Provides for individual stipends comparable with National Science Foundation Graduate Fellowships.
Revises title IX part C provisions for the Jacob K. Javits Fellows Program. Authorizes up to 600 new fellowships per year (currently limited to 450 per-year). Revises provisions for individual stipends (to be comparable with National Science Foundation Graduate Fellowships). Sets the institutional assistance payment at $10,000, to be adjusted annually for inflation (does so also for the institutional payments for the part B programs).
Revises title IX part D provisions for Graduate Assistance in Areas of National Need. Provides for institutional commitments to provide stipends to complete graduate study to include students pursuing a doctoral degree after having completed a masters degree program. Provides for individual stipend comparable to National Science Foundation Graduate Fellowships. Provides for an added institutional assistance payment of $10,000, to be adjusted for inflation.
Revises title IX part E provisions for Assistance for Training in the Legal Profession. Requires such assistance to be for minority, low-income, or educationally disadvantaged college graduates to successfully pursue a law degree and service in the legal profession. Requires such assistance to be through and annual grant on contract with the Council on Legal Education Opportunity (CLEO). Sets forth authorized services for part E legal training projects. Requires the Secretary, by grant or contract on a biennial basis, with CLEO, to cover all or part of costs of specified activities.
Revises title IX part F provisions for Law School Clinical Experience Programs. Authorize grant use to cover costs of continuing (as well as establishing or expanding) such programs. Increases the maximum amount any law school may receive under part F in any fiscal year (from $100,000 to $250,000).
Establishes, as a new part G of title IX, a program of Grants to Institutions to Encourage Minorities to Enter the Higher Education Professorate.
Directs the Secretary to make grants to institutions of higher education or to nonprofit organizations associated with such institutions with a demonstrated record of enhancing minority access to graduate education), in consortia with historically black colleges and universities and other institutions with significant enrollments of African Americans, Asian Americans, Hispanic Americans, and Native Hawaiians, Pacific Islanders,and Native Americans. States that such grants shall enable such institutions to: (1) identify talented candidates for and recipients of baccalaureate degrees and faculty who wish to enter or continue in the higher education professorate; and (2) provide such students and faculty with stipends and fellowships to assist them in obtaining a doctoral degree and returning to an institution of higher education to teach. Designate such fellowships as the Faculty Development Fellowships.
Sets forth application and selection requirements.
Requires each institution of higher education or consortium receiving such a grant to award such fellowships in an amount based on the recipient's need (up to $15,000).
Requires each Faculty Development Fellowship recipient to agree to teach at an institution of higher education for two years for every one year of fellowship assistance, or else repay the fellowship. Sets forth repayment procedures and exceptions.
Transfers to part H of title IX provisions for Authorization of Appropriations (currently part G).
Extends for FY 1993 through FY 1997 the authorization of appropriations for the following title IX programs: (1) part A, Grants to Institutions to Encourage Women and Minority Participation in Graduate Education; (2) part B, subpart 1, Postbaccalaureate Opportunity Fellowships; (3) part B, subpart 2, Patricia Roberts Harris Graduate Fellowship Program; (4) part C, Jacob K. Javits Fellows Program; (5) part D, Graduate Assistance in Areas of National Need; (6) part F, Law School Clinical Experience Programs; and (7) part G, Grants to Institutions to Encourage Minorities to Enter the Higher Education Professorate. Authorizes appropriations for FY 1994 through 1998 for part E, Assistance for Training in the Legal Profession.
Title X: Postsecondary Improvement Program - Revises title X of HEA, Postsecondary Improvement Program.
Authorizes the Secretary to make planning grants to institutions of higher education for the development and testing of innovative techniques in postsecondary education. Authorizes appropriations for FY 1993 through 1997 for such planning grants.
Extends through FY 1997 the authorization of appropriations for HEA title X part A, Fund for the Improvement of Postsecondary Education (the Fund) (to which such planning grant provisions are added).
Extends through FY 1997 the authorization of appropriations for part B, Minority Science and Engineering Improvement Programs. Retains the current division of such funds as follows: (1) 50 percent for the Minority Science Improvement Program; (2) 33 1/3 percent for Science and Engineering Access Programs; and (3) 16 2/3 percent for the Special Services Projects program. Provides for special emphasis on minority women under such programs.
Redesignates the current part C of title X of HEA, Innovative Projects for Community Services and Student Financial Assistance, as part C of a new title XI of HEA (Student Community Service).
Establishes a new part C of title X of HEA, Special Projects in Areas of National Need. Authorizes the Secretary to make grants to institutions of higher education, consortia thereof, and other public agencies and nonprofit institutions for innovative projects concerning one or more areas of particular national need in postsecondary education identified by the Secretary and the Director of the Fund. Sets forth application requirements. Requires areas of national need to initially include, but not be limited to: (1) international exchanges; (2) campus climate and culture; and (3) evaluation and dissemination. Authorizes appropriations for FY 1993 through 1997 for such grants.
Establishes a new part D of title X of HEA, Women and Minorities Science and Engineering Outreach Demonstration Program. Directs the Secretary to make grants to institutions of higher education for programs and initiatives to identify and encourage female and minority elementary and secondary students to pursue higher education in preparation for careers in science and engineering. Sets forth requirements forth eligibility of institutions, including: (1) significantly higher than average female and minority enrollment (2) use of advanced telecommunications equipment, and (3) partnership agreement with LEAs and local businesses or industries. Requires that at least 40 percent of total grant funds be awarded to eligible institutions in the Nation's ten largest metropolitan statistical areas, where minority elementary and secondary school students populations exceed the national average. Requires that each grant be at least $500,000 in a single fiscal year, and continued for not more than five fiscal years. Sets forth authorized uses of funds, and application, evaluation, and reporting requirements. Requires the Secretary to report on the program to the Congress by September 30, 1997. Sets the Federal share of program costs at 90 percent in the first year, to be reduced by ten percent in each subsequent year, down to 50 percent in the fifth year. Requires supplementation, not supplanting, of other funds. Authorizes appropriations for FY 1993 through 1997 for such program (with no more than three percent of such funds to be used for evaluations).
Title XI: Student Community Service - Establishes a new title XI of HEA, Student Community Service, which consolidates current and new HEA community service programs. Some elements of the current title XI, Partnerships for Economic Development and Urban Community Service, are contained in revised forms under the new title I of HEA, as amended by this Act.)
Establishes, as part A of title XI, Higher Education Innovative Projects for Community Service, to support innovative projects to encourage students to participate in community service activities while attending institutions of higher education (such provisions are revised and transferred from the National and Community Service Act of 1990). (The current part A of title XI of HEA is Partnerships for Community Development.)
Authorizes the Secretary (after consultation with the Commission on National Service, to insure coordination of activities, to make part A grants to and contracts with institutions of higher education (including consortia of such institutions) working in partnership with other public agencies and nonprofit organizations, to: (1) enable institutions to create or expand community service activities to their students; (2) encourage community service projects designed and initiated by students; (3) encourage student participation in community service activities that engender social responsibility and commitment to the community; (4) encourage students to assist in teaching individuals with limited basic skills or an inability to read and write; and (5) provide for training teachers, prospective teachers, related education personnel, and community leaders in the skills necessary to develop community service activities. Requires, with respect to proposed community service activities, consideration of: (1) the particular needs of a community; (2) the grantee's ability to actively involve a major part of the community; and (3) whether the community will benefit substantially. Sets the Federal share at not more than 50 percent. Sets forth application requirements.
Authorizes appropriations for FY 1993 through 1997 for such part A program.
Establishes a new part B of title XI, Student Literacy Corps and Student Mentoring Corps (the current part D of title I of HEA provides for a Student Literacy Corps).
Authorizes the Secretary to make part B grants to institutions of higher education for up to four years to carry out literacy corps programs and/or mentoring corps programs in public community agencies in the communities in which the institutions are located. Sets forth authorized uses of, and limitations on, such grant funds. Sets forth application requirements for such programs. Sets forth provisions for technical assistance and coordination arrangements; (2) renewal of grants; (3) Federal share; and (4) limitations.
Authorizes appropriations for FY 1993 through 1997 for such part B programs.
Sets forth, as part C of title XI, provisions for Innovative Projects for Community Services and Student Financial Independence (currently such provisions are under part C of title X). Extends through FY 1997 the authorization of appropriations for such part C projects.
Sets forth, as part D of title XI, provisions for Community Service-Learning. Transfers and revises such provisions, which are currently under title IV part C, for: (1) work-study for community service-learning on behalf of low-income individuals and families; and (2) community service job location and development programs for students at institutions of higher education.
Establishes, as part E of title XI, Grants for Sexual Offenses Education and prevention programs.
Authorizes the Secretary to make such part E program grants to and contracts with institutions of higher education, on a competitive basis.
Requires program grants, in general, to be used to educate and provide support services to student victims of sexual offenses. Sets forth authorized activities.
Requires that at least 25 percent of program funds be available for grants for model demonstration programs, to be coordinated with local rape crisis centers, for: (1) development and implementation of quality rape prevention and education curricula; and (2) local programs to provide services to student sexual offense victims.
Requires, under conditions for institutional eligibility for part E grants, written policies that: (1) prohibit all forms of sexual offenses; and (2) require disclosure to the victim of any sexual offense the outcome of any campus police investigation or campus disciplinary proceedings brought pursuant to the victim's complaint against the alleged perpetrator. Gives priority to grant applicants who do not have an established campus education program regarding sexual offenses.
Sets forth requirements for part E grant applications and grantee performance reports. Directs the Secretary to: (1) promulgate regulations for such program; and (2) report on such program to congressional committees responsible for issues relating to higher education and crime.
Authorizes appropriations for FY 1993 through 1997 for such part E grants for sexual offenses education and prevention programs.
Dwight D. Eisenhower Leadership Development Act of 1992 - Establishes as a new part F of title XI of HEA, the Dwight D. Eisenhower Leadership Program. Requires such program to be established in conjunction with institutions of higher education specifically prepared to undertake development of new generations of leaders in national and international affairs. Includes among program functions: (1) developing leadership skills among college students; (2) directing a national program to recruit and educate outstanding young people regarding leadership roles in public and private sectors; (3) offering opportunities for young, needy American leaders (with priority for those qualifying for title IV assistance) for internship in national organization (especially in developing countries); (4) developing secondary and postsecondary curriculum; (5) developing prototypes for teaching leadership skills and encouraging similar leadership programs in higher education nationwide and worldwide; and (6) stimulating theoretical and practical study of leadership and leadership development. Authorizes the Secretary to make grants to or enter into contracts, cooperative arrangements, or leases with such institutions of higher education or with nonprofit private organizations in consortia with such institutions to operate such program. Authorizes appropriations for FY 1993 through 1997 for such part F program.
Repeals provisions of the National and Community Service Act of 1990 relating to Higher Education Innovative Projects for Innovative Education (such provisions are transferred in a revised form to part A of title XI of HEA by this Act, as described above).
Title XII: General Provisions - Revises title XII of HEA, General Provisions.
Revises HEA definitions, including that of institution of higher education, and adds definitions with cross-reference to other laws.
Revises antidiscrimination provisions to declare that nothing in HEA shall be construed to limit any individual's rights or responsibilities under the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990, the Rehabilitation Act of 1973, or any other law.
Extends the existence of the National Advisory Committee on Accreditation and Institutional Eligibility until September 30, 1997.
Sets forth new provisions for approval of an accrediting agency or association. Sets forth requirements for such approval including: (1) standards; (2) separate and independent status of such agency or association; (3) operating procedures; (4) length of approval; (5) initial arbitration rule; (6) limitation of the scope of standards established by the Secretary (allows such accrediting agencies or associations to adopt additional standards, but prohibits such additional standards from being applied in a manner inconsistent with the institution's mission or contrary to the religious beliefs espoused by the institution); (7) accreditation rule; (8) dual accreditation rule; (9) impact of loss of accreditation; (10) suspension of approval; (11) limitation on the Secretary's authority; (12) independent evaluation; and (13) regulations.
Adds requirements for institutional disclosures of foreign gifts. Requires such disclosure reports to be made to the Secretary and to be open to public inspection. Provides for court orders to enforce such disclosure requirements.
Expresses the sense of the Congress regarding the admission of minority students as follows: (1) institutions of higher education should review their admissions policies and, if necessary, revise them to ensure that applicants are not illegally excluded from admissions; ( 2) the Attorney General should investigate allegations of illegal racial discrimination in such admissions policies and pursue legal action against those schools which have violated title IV or VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, relating to desegregation of public education and nondiscrimination in federally assisted programs, respectively; and (3) the Secretary should conclude, as soon as possible, the compliance reviews on admissions policies of certain institutions of higher education being conducted by the Department of Education, and should initiate additional reviews on admissions policies of certain institutions of higher education being conducted by the Department of Education, and should initiate additional reviews of admissions policies of schools alleged to have illegally discriminated on the basis of race.
Title XIII: Indian Higher Education Programs - Part A: Tribally Controlled Community Colleges - Amends the Tribally Controlled Community College Assistance Act of 1978 to extend through FY through 1997 the authorization of appropriations for: (1) technical assistance contracts; (2) grants to tribally controlled community colleges; (3) a renovation program; (4) construction of new facilities; (5) the tribally controlled community college endowment program grants; and (6) an economic development program.
Amends the Navajo Community College Act to extend the authorization of appropriations from FY 1993 through 1997 for construction grants.
Part B: Higher Education Tribal Grant Authorization Act - Higher Education Tribal Grant Authorization Act - Directs the Secretary of the Interior (the Secretary, for purposes of this part B of title XIII) to make grants to Indian tribes (tribes) to permit them to provide financial assistance to individual Indian students for the cost of attendance at institutions of higher education. Provides that such grants shall come from appropriations for supporting higher education grants for Indian students under the authority of the Snyder Act. Prohibits the Secretary from placing any restrictions not expressly authorized by this part on the use of funds provided to an Indian tribe under this part. Provides that this Act shall not affect any Federal trust responsibilities. Prohibits any termination, modification, suspension, or reduction of grants under this part which is only for the convenience of the administering agency.
Allows any tribe to qualify for such a grant by filing: (1) a notice of intent to administer such a student assistance program, if such tribe obtains funds for educational purposes similar to those authorized in this part pursuant to a contract under the Indian Self-Determination and Education Assistance Act (ISDEAA) (contracting tribe); or (2) an application for such a grant, if the tribe does not have such an ISDEAA contract (noncontracting tribe), under guidelines for programs under ISDEAA. Presumes an Indian tribe which has qualified for such a grant to continue to be eligible for such a grant for each succeeding fiscal year, unless the Secretary revokes such eligibility for a specified cause, involving failure to submit annual financial statements and program descriptions to the Bureau of Indian Affairs (BIA) or biennial financial audits to the Secretary, or independently evaluated failure to comply with standards relating to eligible students, programs, or institutions of higher education, satisfactory progress, or allowable administrative costs, as determined under ISDEAA contracts. Sets forth procedural safeguards relating to such revocations, including written notice, opportunity and technical assistance to make corrections, and hearing and appeals applicable under ISDEAA.
Directs the Secretary to continue to determine the amount of program funds to be received by each grantee under this part by the same method used for determining such distribution in FY 1991 for tribally-administered and BIA-administered programs of grants to individual Indians to defray postsecondary expenses. Provides for additional amounts to cover program administrative costs, determined for: (1) contracting tribes, by the method used by the grantee during the preceding ISDEAA contract period; and (2) noncontracting tribes, by the ISDEAA regulations governing such determinations, as in effect at the time of the grant application. Provides for a single grant to each grantee during any fiscal year, combining such program and administrative funds. Requires the grant to be maintained in a separate account.
Requires the tribes to use such grants to make grants to individual Indian students to meet, on the basis of need, any educational expense of attendance in a postsecondary education program (as determined under ISDEAA contracts), to the extent such expense is not met through other sources or cannot be defrayed through the action of any State, Federal, or municipal Act (except that nothing in these provisions is to be interpreted as requiring any priority in consideration of resources). Allows use of such grants also for program administrative costs, within the specified limits. Bars use of grant funds for study at a divinity school or department or for any religious worship or sectarian activity. Sets forth provisions for grant payments.
Requires that interest or any other income on grant funds: (1) be used only for the same purposes as the grants; (2) be the property of the tribe or tribal organization; and (3) not be taken into account by Federal officers or employees in determining whether to provide assistance, or the amount of assistance, under any Federal law. Sets forth requirements relating to investments and deposits of such funds. Provides that such funds shall not be considered for purposes of underrecovery or overrecovery determinations by any Federal agency for any other funds.
Directs the Secretary to report biennially to the Congress on the programs established under this part, including specified items.
Requires that: (1) grant applications, and application modifications, be reviewed and approved by personnel under the direction and control of the Director of the Office of Indian Education Programs; and (2) required reports be submitted to such personnel.
Requires that specified provisions of the ISDEAA be applicable to grants provided under this Act.
Authorizes the Secretary to issue regulations relating to discharge of duties specifically assigned to the Secretary by this part. Prohibits the Secretary from issuing regulations in all other matters relating to the details of planning, development, implementation, and evaluation of grants under this part. Provides that regulations issued under these provisions shall not have the standing of a Federal statute for purposes of judicial review.
Sets forth procedures for retrocession of programs assisted under this part. Makes any such retrocession requested by a tribe effective on a date specified by the Secretary not more than 120 days after such request, or such later date as may be mutually agreed upon by the Secretary and the tribe. Requires the Secretary, if such program is retroceded, to provide any tribe served by such program at least the same quantity and quality of services. Requires the tribal governing body requesting the retrocession to specify whether the retrocession shall be to: (1) a contract administered by the tribe, or a tribal entity, under the authority of the ISDEAA; or (2) a BIA-administered program.
Part C: Critical Needs for Tribal Development Act - Critical Needs for Tribal Development Act - Authorizes an eligible Indian tribe or tribal organization to require any applicant for federally funded higher education assistance to enter into a critical area service agreement, as a condition of receipt of such assistance. Requires such tribe or tribal organization that implements such critical area service agreements to designate particular occupational areas as critical areas for the economic or human development needs of the tribe or its members, and to notify the Secretary of the Interior in writing of such designated critical areas.
Establishes guidelines and procedures to implement such critical area service agreements.
Part D: Institute of American Indian Native Culture and Arts Development - Amends the Higher Education Amendments of 1986 (of which title XV is the American Indian, Alaska Native, and Native Hawaiian Culture and Art Development Act is referred to as the Act for purposes of this part) to revise provisions relating to the Institute of American Indian Native Culture and Arts Development (the Institute) and its Board of Directors (the Board).
Requires that Board members represent diverse fields of expertise, including finance, law, and fine arts higher education administration.
Directs the President to carry out through the Board the publication of announcements of expiration of terms and the solicitation of nominations from Indian tribes and organizations to fill vacancies. Authorizes the Board to: (1) make recommendations based on nominations received; (2) make recommendation of its own; and (3) review and make comments on individuals being considered by the President for whom no nominations have been received.
Grants the Board the power to recommend the continuation of Board members, in order to maintain stability and continuation, in accordance with specified procedures.
Revises general powers of the Board. Authorizes the Board to: (1) enter into joint development ventures with public or private commercial or noncommercial entities for development of facilities to meet a specified required plan (provided that such ventures are related to and further the Institute's mission); and (2) designate annually a portion (up to ten percent) of specified appropriated funds for investment on a short-term basis to maximize yield and liquidity. Requires that interest and earnings on specified amounts received and invested by the Institute be expended to carry out the Act.
Revises provisions for basic compensation rates for Institute staff to require these to be set at rates comparable to those of similar institutions of higher education (or, as at present, at civil service rates for individuals with comparable qualifications).
Revises Institute functions to eliminate certain requirements relating to a Center for Culture and Art Studies, Center for Research and Cultural Exchange, and Museum of American Indian and Alaska Native Arts. Makes the Board responsible for establishing the policies and administrative organization relating to the administrative organization relating to the administrative control and monitoring responsibilities for all Institute subdivisions, administrative entities, and departments, with the specific responsibilities of each to lie solely within the discretion of the Board or its designee. Requires the Board to establish, within the Institute, departments for the study of culture and arts and for research and exchange, and a museum. Directs the Board to establish areas of competency for such departments.
Authorizes the Institute to develop a policy or policies to extend preference to Indians in its program admissions and enrollment, employment, and contracts, fellowships, and grants. (Currently authorizes the Institute to simply extend such preference.)
Revises provisions relating to transfer of functions, including certain provisions for forgiveness of amounts owed and hold harmless provisions.
Eliminates requirements for an annual report by the Institute President.
Revises provisions relating to the Institute's headquarters to refer to the Board, rather than the Secretary of the Interior.
Provides that the Institute shall not be subject to any requirement for non-Federal matching funds as a condition for Federal assistance.
Revises provisions for the Institute's endowment program. Allows the Institute to use funds from any non-Federal governmental source (as well as from any private or tribal source) to comply with a contribution requirement.
Directs the Board to prepare a master plan on the short- and long-term facilities needs of the Institute, including specified types of evaluations, impact projections, periodic reviews, and needs prioritization. Requires transmittal of such plan to the Congress within 18 months after enactment of this part.
Part E: Tribal Development Student Assistance Revolving Loan Program - Tribal Development Student Assistance Act - Establishes a student assistance revolving loan program for Native Americans, to be administered by tribes or tribal organizations.
Requires that funds received under a grant under this part or recovered under specified provisions of this part be identified and accounted for separately from any other tribal or Federal funds received from the Federal Government. Requires that all funds in such account be used for the purposes of this Act.
Makes the Secretary of the Interior (the Secretary, for purposes of this part) responsible for establishing requirements for receipt, investment, and accounting of such funds to safeguard any financial interests of the Federal Government.
Requires such funds to be: (1) invested by the tribe or tribal organization only in obligations of the United States or in obligations or securities guaranteed or insured by the United States; or (2) deposited only in accounts that are insured by an agency or instrumentality of the United States.
Provides that any interest or investment income that accrues to any of such funds after they have been distributed to a tribe or tribal organization to make loans under this part shall be: (1) the property of the tribe or tribal organization; and (2) not taken into account by any Federal officer or employee in determining whether to provide to provide assistance, or the amount of assistance, under any provision of Federal law.
Directs the Secretary to make grants under this part to: (1) tribes or multitribal organizations not serviced by current federally funded postsecondary institutions authorized for economic development grants; and (2) tribes or multitribal organizations which lack sufficient numbers of professionally trained tribal members to support established or ongoing economic development activities.
Requires any tribe or tribal organization which receives such grant funds to make such funds available by loan to Native American students who have successfully completed 30 hours of postsecondary education and who are eligible for readmission to a postsecondary institution.
Sets forth terms of such student loans, including: (1) being subject to repayment over a period of not more than five years; (2) not bearing interest; and (3) being subject to forgiveness for services to the tribe under specified provisions. Requires that calculation of the student's cost of attendance include all costs as determined by the tribe for purposes of fulfilling the policy of this part. Requires any student seeking such a loan to apply for and accept the maximum financial aid available from other sources. Prohibits such loans from being considered in needs analysis under any other Federal law, and from penalizing students in determining eligibility for other funds.
Sets forth requirements for a written agreement between the tribe or tribal organization and the eligible recipient for service fulfillment or loan repayment. Requires the recipient to commit to: (1) perform, for each academic year of assistance under this part, one calendar year of service to the tribe or tribal organization in an occupation related to the course of study pursued and an economic or social tribal development plan (commencing not later than six months after the student ceases to carry at least one-half the normal full-time academic workload); or (2) repay to the tribe or tribal organization the full amount of the loan, in monthly or quarterly installments within five years (with such recovered funds to be reported annually to the Secretary and invested in the account). Sets forth provisions for: (1) limitations and conditions on such service; (2) waivers or suspensions of such service agreements; (3) pro rata reductions for partial service; and (4) annual certification of individuals' service by the tribe to the Secretary.
Directs the Secretary to: (1) establish an application process for making grants to eligible entities; (2) take into account in reviewing applications the number of students with partial completion identified by the applicant, relative to the total number of tribal members who would be benefitted by the provision of services; and (3) attempt to achieve geographic and demographic diversity in such grants.
Directs the Secretary, subject to the availability of funds and acceptable applications, to make five four-year grants to tribes or tribal organizations. Requires that the amount of administrative costs associated with such grants be negotiated by the Secretary with successful applicants and made a part of the grant agreement.
Authorizes appropriations for this part for FY 1993 through 1997.
Title XIV: Miscellaneous - Part A: Studies -Directs the Secretary to conduct, through the Office of Educational Research and Improvement (OERI), a two-year study of programs to increase the accessibility of postsecondary education for nontraditional students. Requires an interim and final report on such study to specified congressional committees.
Directs the Secretary to conduct a study to evaluate the coordination of Federal student assistance programs with other benefit programs funded in whole or part with Federal funds. Requires particular attention to: (1) the effect of receipt of student aid on reduction or denial of other program benefits to such students; and (2) the attendance cost elements funded in whole or part by Federal student assistance programs for students eligible for other Federal programs, and the inclusion of room and/or board costs in such attendance costs. Requires a report on such study to appropriate congressional committees within three years.
Directs the Secretary to conduct an annual special purpose survey of factors associated with participation of low-income, disadvantaged, non-English language backgrounds, and minority students in various types of postsecondary education. Requires such survey data to permit comparisons with other groups that have characteristically participated at higher rates than at-risk students. Requires consultation with the Congress and the elementary, secondary, and higher education community in developing such annual survey. Sets forth required inclusions in such survey. Requires the Secretary, in the event of significant findings related to underparticipation rates of at-risk and other students, to submit a plan containing policies and program modifications for ensuring the participation of at-risk students.
Directs the Secretary, through OERI, to evaluate the effectiveness of postsecondary assistance guaranty programs for disadvantage children that, in exchange for the child's commitment to achieving a satisfactory elementary and secondary education, promise the child the financial resources needed to pursue a postsecondary education. Requires such study to sample the types of such guarantee programs available, which may include supportive services, mentoring, study skills, and counseling for student participants. Requires dissemination of study findings. Requires an interim and a final report to specified congressional committees.
Directs OERI to conduct a two-year study to: (1) assess information currently collected on graduate education; and (2) identify what additional information should be generated to guide the Department of Education in supporting graduate education. Requires inclusion of specified assessments and determinations. Requires consultation with other agencies and organizations involved in graduate education policies and programs.
Directs the Comptroller General to evaluate staffing requirements of the U.S. Department of Education's Center for International Education, including specified considerations. Requires consultation with institutions of higher education which have participated in specified international education programs under HEA and the Mutual Educational and Cultural Exchange Act, and with national organizations of such institutions. Requires a report to the Congress within one year on such evaluation results.
Authorizes the Secretary, in cooperation with the Administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), to conduct a study of environmental Protection Agency (EPA), to conduct a study of environmental health hazards (lead in drinking water, asbestos, radon gas) to students and employees of institutions of higher education. Requires such study to include a representative sample of such institutions to assess how widespread such hazard are. Requires consultation with associations representing such institutions, faculty, and other employees. Requires a report to the Congress by July 1, 1995, with the results of such study assessment and recommendations for actions the Congress and the Administration should take to eliminate any such environmental health hazards. Authorizes appropriations for FY 1993 to carry out such assessment.
Directs the Secretary to enter into arrangements with the National Academy of Sciences Commission on Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education to study civilian education training programs needed to satisfy the workforce requirements of the commercial aviation industry in the year 2000 and beyond. Requires inclusion of specified concerns to be addressed by such study. Directs the Secretary to request such Commission to submit an interim report within one year to the Secretary and the Congress. Requires the study to be completed within two years of the enactment of this Act.
Amends the General Education Provisions Act to revise provisions relating to access to data provided by the National Center for Education Statistics. Provides that nothing in specified provisions relating to confidentiality and other standards for access to such data shall restrict the right of the Librarian of Congress (as well as, currently, the Comptroller General) to gain access to any reports or other records, including information identifying individuals, in such Center's possession, except that the same restrictions on disclosure that apply to the Center shall apply to the Library of Congress (as well as, currently, the General Accounting Office).
Amends the General Education Provisions Act to exclude from the definition of education records, under requirements relating to family educational and privacy rights, any records maintained by a law enforcement unit of the educational agency or institution, that were created by that law enforcement unit for the purpose of law enforcement.
Provides for training and technical assistance for a school-based decisionmakers demonstration program. Authorizes the Secretary to make grants for such programs to local education agencies (LEAs) implementing system-wide reform, jointly with one or more institutions of higher educations. Sets forth application requirements. Authorizes appropriations for FY 1993 through 1995 for such program.
Directs the Secretary to submit to the Congress a report on the use of Pell Grants by prisoners, including specified types of information, within six months after enactment of this Act.
Part B: National Clearinghouse for Postsecondary Education Materials - Authorizes the Secretary to award a three-year grant or contract to establish a National Clearinghouse for Postsecondary Education Materials in accessible form, including audio and digital for students with disabilities. Sets forth authorized uses of such grant or contract funds. Sets forth a declining Federal share of program cost for each year of the award. Authorizes appropriations for FY 1993 through 1995 for such clearinghouse.
Part C: National Center for the Workplace - Authorizes the Secretary of Labor, through grant or contract to an eligible consortium, to establish the National Center for the Workplace, to join together workplace experts from institutions of higher education with experts from the public and private sectors to conduct research, share information, and propose remedies. Allows grant funds to be used to: (1) establish and operate such Center and carry out specified authorized activities; and (2) provide graduate assistantships and fellowships at the Center for study in industrial and labor relations and for research in areas critical to national competitiveness. Provides for appointment of a Board of Advisors to the Center. Authorizes receipt of gifts and donations, to be accounted for in the annual report of the Board to the Secretaries of Education and Labor. Authorizes appropriations for FY 1993 through 1997 for such Center.
Title XV: Buy America - Expresses the sense of the Congress that a recipient (including a nation, group, or organization) of any form of assistance under HEA should, in expending that assistance, purchase American-made equipment and products. Directs the Secretary to provide each such recipient a notice to that effect.