H.R.3782 - To promote peace and reconciliation in El Salvador.102nd Congress (1991-1992)
|Sponsor:||Rep. Moakley, John Joseph [D-MA-9] (Introduced 11/14/1991)|
|Committees:||House - Foreign Affairs|
|Latest Action:||House - 11/20/1991 Referred to the Subcommittee on Arms Control, International Security and Science. (All Actions)|
This bill has the status Introduced
Here are the steps for Status of Legislation:
Text: H.R.3782 — 102nd Congress (1991-1992)All Information (Except Text)
There is one version of the bill.
Text available as:
- This text predates authenticated digital publishing. It may be incomplete.
Introduced in House
HR 3782 IH 102d CONGRESS 1st Session H. R. 3782 To promote peace and reconciliation in El Salvador. IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES November 14, 1991 Mr. MOAKLEY (for himself, Mr. MURTHA, Mr. MCHUGH, Mr. OBEY, Mr. FASCELL, Mr. BONIOR, Mr. TORRICELLI, Mr. GEPHARDT, Mr. HAMILTON, Mr. SOLARZ, Mr. WEISS, Mr. STUDDS, Mr. LEVINE of California, Mrs. BOXER, Mr. GREEN of New York, Mr. RAVENEL, Mrs. MORELLA, and Mr. SHAYS) introduced the following bill; which was referred to the Committee on Foreign Affairs A BILL To promote peace and reconciliation in El Salvador. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, SECTION 1. ASSISTANCE FOR EL SALVADOR. (a) DECLARATIONS REGARDING EL SALVADOR- The Congress-- (1) finds that the New York Agreement, signed by the Government of El Salvador and the Frente Farabundo Marti para la Liberacion Nacional (hereinafter in this section referred to as the `FMLN'), is a welcome development that sets the stage for accelerated negotiations that could lead to a final resolution of the conflict in El Salvador; (2) commends the negotiators, led by President Alfredo Cristiani and the FMLN General Command, for their perseverance and spirit of compromise, without which this preliminary agreement would not have been possible; (3) commends Secretary General Javier Perez de Cuellar and his personal representative to the talks, Alvaro de Soto, for the crucial role they played in helping to bring the parties to this preliminary agreement; (4) calls upon all the parties to continue and accelerate their efforts to achieve a comprehensive agreement to end the war in El Salvador; (5) renews its support for the role of the United Nations in helping to achieve such an agreement; (6) calls upon the President to work closely and cooperatively with the Congress in fashioning a future assistance policy for El Salvador that supports the efforts of those seeking a negotiated solution to the conflict and that contributes to national reconstruction and reconciliation; (7) condemns the atmosphere in which the trial of those charged in connection with the murders at the University of Central America on November 16, 1989, was conducted, and expresses its continuing concern that the Government of El Salvador has not conducted a thorough and professional investigation into this crime; and (8) condemns the failure of the FMLN to meet its obligations under international law to bring to justice those responsible for the murders of United States Private First Class Ernest G. Dawson, Junior, and Lieutenant Colonel David Pickett, and calls upon the FMLN to turn those responsible for the murders over to the appropriate legal authorities in the United States or El Salvador for prosecution. (b) OBJECTIVES OF ASSISTANCE FOR EL SALVADOR- United States assistance to El Salvador shall continue to seek to achieve the following three principal foreign policy objectives: (1) to promote a permanent settlement to the conflict in El Salvador, including a cease-fire, with the Secretary General of the United Nations and his representatives serving as active mediators between the contending parties; (2) to foster greater respect for basic human rights and the rule of law; and (3) to advance political accommodation, economic reconstruction, and national reconciliation. (c) AVAILABILITY OF MILITARY ASSISTANCE- Funds made available for United States military assistance for El Salvador in fiscal year 1992 in excess of $21,000,000 may be obligated only if, at least 15 days prior to the obligation of funds, the President submits a notification to the Committees on Appropriations, the Committee on Foreign Affairs of the House of Representatives, and the Committee on Foreign Relations of the Senate in accordance with the regular reprogramming procedures of those committees. Any such notification shall include a detailed description of how the funds proposed to be obligated will be used and how such use will contribute to advancing the objectives described in subsection (b). (d) DEMOBILIZATION AND TRANSITION FUND- (1) AUTHORITY TO TRANSFER FUNDS- Funds made available for United States military assistance in fiscal year 1992 may be transferred to the Demobilization and Transition Fund for El Salvador established by section 531(f)(1) of the Foreign Operations, Export Financing, and Related Programs Appropriations Act, 1991. (2) USE OF FUNDS; NOTIFICATION- Funds transferred under paragraph (1) of this subsection shall be available, notwithstanding any other provision of law, only for El Salvador to support costs of demobilization, retraining, relocation, and reemployment in civilian pursuits of former combatants in the conflict in El Salvador. Such funds, and any funds previously transferred to the Fund, may be obligated only if-- (A) at least 15 days prior to obligation, the President submits a notification to the Committees on Appropriations, the Committee on Foreign Affairs of the House of Representatives, and the Committee on Foreign Relations of the Senate in accordance with the regular reprogramming procedures of those committees; and (B) prior to obligation, the President notifies the Congress that the Government of El Salvador and representatives of the FMLN have reached a permanent settlement of the conflict, including a final agreement on a cease-fire. (3) PERIOD OF AVAILABILITY- Funds transferred pursuant to paragraph (1) shall remain available until expended. (e) MILITARY COUP: TERMINATION OF ASSISTANCE- (1) PROHIBITION- Subject to paragraph (2), no United States assistance may be furnished to El Salvador if the duly-elected head of Government of El Salvador is deposed by military coup or decree. (2) REQUIREMENT FOR RESUMPTION OF ASSISTANCE- Assistance prohibited under paragraph (1) may only be resumed pursuant to a law subsequently enacted by the Congress. (f) STRENGTHENING CIVILIAN CONTROL OVER THE MILITARY- In order to strengthen the control of the democratically-elected civilian Government of El Salvador over the armed forces of that country, United States military assistance for any fiscal year may be delivered to the armed forces of El Salvador only with the prior approval of the duly elected President of El Salvador. (g) DEFINITIONS- For purposes of this section-- (1) the term `United States assistance' has the same meaning as is given that term by section 481(i)(4) of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961, and includes United States military assistance; and (2) the term `United States military assistance' means assistance under chapter 2 or chapter 5 of part II of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 or under section 23 of the Arms Export Control Act.