Text: H.R.3873 — 102nd Congress (1991-1992)All Information (Except Text)

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HR 3873 IH
102d CONGRESS
1st Session
 H. R. 3873
To express United States policy regarding the restoration of democratic
constitutional government in Haiti, to grant temporary protected status to
Haitians until such a government is restored, and to terminate the migrant
interdiction agreement between the United States and Haiti.
IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES
November 22, 1991
Mr. CONYERS introduced the following bill; which was referred jointly to the
Committees on Foreign Affairs, Ways and Means, Merchant Marine and Fisheries,
and the Judiciary
A BILL
To express United States policy regarding the restoration of democratic
constitutional government in Haiti, to grant temporary protected status to
Haitians until such a government is restored, and to terminate the migrant
interdiction agreement between the United States and Haiti.
  Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United
  States of America in Congress assembled,
SECTION 1. FINDINGS.
  The Congress finds that--
  (1) Jean-Bertrand Aristide was elected President of Haiti in a landslide
  victory on December 16, 1990, in the first free and fair election in
  Haiti's 186 year history; and
  (2) the unconstitutional seizure of power by the Haitian military is
  repugnant to all democratic nations, and represents an affront to all who
  believe in democracy.
SEC. 2. UNITED STATES POLICY.
  It shall be the policy of the United States that--
  (1) President Aristide should be allowed to return to Haiti immediately
  and be reinstated as the constitutional President of Haiti;
  (2) the United States will work in close coordination with the Organization
  of American States to implement the trade embargo against Haiti imposed
  by that organization on October 8, 1990;
  (3) until President Aristide is returned to his constitutional place in
  Haiti, the United States will extend emergency humanitarian assistance to
  Haitians fleeing the oppression of military dictatorship in Haiti; and
  (4) the United States Coast Guard should continue search and rescue
  measures in the international waters surrounding Haiti, but shall cease
  any activities to forcibly return Haitians against their will to Haiti so
  long as the military dictatorship remains in power.
SEC. 3. TEMPORARY PROTECTED STATUS FOR HAITIANS.
  (a) DESIGNATION- During the period specified in subsection (c) of this
  section, Haiti shall be deemed to have been designated under section
  244A(b)(1) of the Immigration and Nationality Act (relating to temporary
  protected status).
  (b) ELIGIBLE HAITIANS- Any alien--
  (1) who is a national of Haiti who is present in the United States at any
  time during the period described in subsection (c) of this section,
  (2) who meets the requirements of section 244A(c)(1)(A)(iii) of the
  Immigration and Nationality Act, and
  (3) who, during the period described in subsection (c) of this section,
  registers for temporary protected status to the extent and in a manner
  which the Attorney General establishes,
shall be granted temporary protected status for the duration of that period
and section 244A(a)(1) of the Immigration and Nationality Act shall apply
with respect to such alien.
  (c) PERIOD OF DESIGNATION- The designation pursuant to subsection (a)
  shall be in effect during the period beginning on the date of enactment
  of this Act and ending on the date on which the President certifies to the
  Congress that democratically elected government has been restored in Haiti
  consistent with the Haitian Constitution. Subsections (b)(2) and (b)(3)
  of section 244A of the Immigration and Nationality Act do not apply with
  respect to the designation pursuant to subsection (a) of this section.
SEC. 4. TERMINATION OF BILATERAL MIGRANT INTERDICTION AGREEMENT.
  The President shall notify the Government of Haiti immediately of the
  intention of the United States Government to terminate the agreement between
  the United States and Haiti relating to migrant interdiction (effected
  by the exchange of notes signed at Port-au-Prince on September 23, 1981;
  33 UST 3559, TIAS 6577); and the United States shall not take any actions
  pursuant to that agreement after the date of enactment of this Act.