H.R.4161 - Restrictions on Azerbaijan Act102nd Congress (1991-1992)
|Sponsor:||Rep. Owens, Wayne [D-UT-2] (Introduced 02/04/1992)|
|Committees:||House - Banking, Finance, and Urban Affairs; Foreign Affairs; Ways and Means|
|Latest Action:||House - 02/24/1992 Executive Comment Requested from State, Treasury, Commerce. (All Actions)|
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Text: H.R.4161 — 102nd Congress (1991-1992)All Information (Except Text)
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Introduced in House
HR 4161 IH 102d CONGRESS 2d Session H. R. 4161 To restrict trade and other relations with the Republic of Azerbaijan. IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES February 4, 1992 Mr. OWENS of Utah (for himself, Mr. LEVINE of California, Mr. SENSENBRENNER, Mr. CAMPBELL of California, Mr. MCNULTY, Mr. BROOMFIELD, Mr. PALLONE, Mr. DOOLEY, Mr. ANNUNZIO, Mr. LEHMAN of California, Mr. CONDIT, Mr. ROHRABACHER, Mr. FRANK of Massachusetts, Mr. WAXMAN, Mr. VISCLOSKY, Mr. MOORHEAD, Mrs. BOXER, and Mr. BONIOR) introduced the following bill; which was referred jointly to the Committees on Ways and Means, Foreign Affairs, and Banking, Finance and Urban Affairs A BILL To restrict trade and other relations with the Republic of Azerbaijan. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE. This Act may be cited as the `Restrictions on Azerbaijan Act'. SEC. 2. FINDINGS. The Congress finds that-- (1) the Republic of Azerbaijan has and remains engaged in serious violations of fundamental human rights, including, but not limited to, forced deportations and massacres, against the Armenian majority of the Nagorno-Karabakh autonomous zone and surrounding areas; (2) the Republic of Azerbeijan, since 1989, has imposed fuel, rail, road, and communication blockades against both Nagorno-Karabakh and Armenia, and these blockades-- (A) have had a devastating impact on humanitarian and economic needs by depriving millions of people of heat, medicines, and basic supplies as well as depriving Armenians of the ability to export and import goods and services, and (B) are seriously affecting American citizens working in the region, American businesses investing and trading in the region, and humanitarian relief programs sponsored by private and public funds from the United States; (3) Nagorno-Karabakh, which was considered an autonomous oblast until the Government of Azerbaijan annulled that status and arbitrarily annexed the region, declared its independence December 10, 1991, with an affirmative vote of 99.7 percent of eligible voters; (4) in view of the fact that-- (A) the Defense Minister of the Commonwealth of Independent States has stressed the need for the withdrawal of all former Soviet peacekeeping forces from Nagorno-Karabakh, and (B) Soviet military units have already left Nagorno-Karabakh, thereby leaving it inadequately defended and paving the way for an Azerbaijani take over; the President should urge Russian President Boris Yeltsin to use his good offices to have the Azerbaijani armed elements removed from the vicinity of Nagorno-Karabakh; (5) since the Republic of Armenia, which supports Nagorno-Karabakh's inclusion into the Commonwealth of Independent States, and Nagorno-Karabakh have requested a United Nations Peacekeeping Force to be deployed in Nagorno-Karabakh, the President should encourage the United Nations to deploy urgently a United Nations peacekeeping force to Nagorno-Karabakh; and (6) the Republic of Azerbaijan's behavior toward Nagorno-Karabakh and Armenia is inconsistent with-- (A) United States policy (including sections 360 and 361 of the Foreign Relations Act, fiscal years 1992 and 1993 (Public Law 102-188)); (B) the mediation process begun by Russian President Boris Yeltsin and Kazakhstan President Nursultan Nazarbayev in September 1991; and (C) United Nations principles concerning the use of force and respect for human rights. SEC. 3. CONTINUATION OF RESTRICTIONS; ADDITIONAL RESTRICTIONS. (a) IN GENERAL- Except as provided in section 4, the United States shall continue in effect the following restrictions with respect to the Republic of Azerbaijan which were in effect with respect to the former Soviet Union as of December 24, 1991: (1) Denial of most-favored-nation status (nondiscriminatory treatment for products imported by the United States). (2) Denial of approval by any department or agency of the United States of any loan, guarantee, or insurance, or any combination thereof, in connection with exports to the Republic of Azerbaijan. (3) Denial of eligibility for treatment as a beneficiary of the Generalized System of Preferences. (4) Treatment as a country subject to section 406 of the Trade Act of 1974 (19 U.S.C. 2436). (5) Treatment as a member of Country Group Y for purposes of section 785.2 of title 15, Code of Federal Regulations, and the Export Administration Act of 1979. (6) Denial of any benefit which may apply under the Agreement on Trade Relations Between the United States of America and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, signed in Washington on June 1, 1990. (b) ADDITIONAL RESTRICTIONS- In addition to the restrictions continued under subsection (a)-- (1) no United States assistance, as defined in section 481(i)(4) of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 (22 U.S.C. 2291(i)(4)), except humanitarian assistance, may be available for Azerbaijan; and (2) the United States shall impose as a condition on making voluntary contributions to any international or other nongovernmental organization carrying out activities in the former Soviet Union that none of the funds may be available for programs, projects, or other activities, except for humanitarian assistance, in Azerbaijan. SEC. 4. WAIVER. The President may waive any of the restrictions on trade or other relations contained in section 3 for a period of up to 12 months if he determines and so reports to Congress that such waiver would substantially improve the situation in Nagorno-Karabakh and Armenia or is in the best interests of the United States. At the expiration of any such initial waiver period, the President may extend such waiver by periods of not more than 6 months each, except that not more than 3 such extensions may be made. SEC. 5. TERMINATION OF RESTRICTIONS. The restrictions on trade and other relations with the Republic of Azerbaijan contained in section 3 shall cease to apply if the President determines and so reports to Congress that-- (1) the Republic of Azerbaijan has ceased all blockades and other uses of force against the Republic of Armenia and Nagorno-Karabakh, as well as its surrounding areas; (2) the Republic of Azerbaijan substantially improves its respect for the human rights of Armenians, Russians, Jews, and other minorities currently living within Azerbaijan; and (3) the Republic of Azerbaijan has committed itself to resolve, and is resolving, the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict peacefully.