H.R.4750 - Global Climate Protection Act102nd Congress (1991-1992)
|Sponsor:||Rep. Waxman, Henry A. [D-CA-24] (Introduced 04/02/1992)|
|Committees:||House - Energy and Commerce|
|Latest Action:||House - 04/10/1992 Referred to the Subcommittee on Energy and Power. (All Actions)|
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Text: H.R.4750 — 102nd Congress (1991-1992)All Information (Except Text)
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Introduced in House
HR 4750 IH 102d CONGRESS 2d Session H. R. 4750 To stabilize emissions of carbon dioxide to protect the global climate. IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES April 2, 1992 Mr. WAXMAN (for himself, Mr. FASCELL, Mr. MILLER of California, Mr. BOEHLERT, Mr. BROWN, Mr. STUDDS, Mr. GILCHREST, Mr. RAVENEL, Mr. SOLARZ, Ms. PELOSI, Mr. GILMAN, Mr. BRYANT, Mr. SIKORSKI, Mr. COOPER, Mr. SYNAR, Mr. FRANK of Massachusetts, Mr. HUGES, Mr. ORTON, Mr. MCMILLEN of Maryland, Mr. HOCHBRUECKNER, Mr. KOSTMAYER, Mr. YATES, Mr. SMITH of Florida, Mr. MCHUGH, Mr. ANDREWS of Maine, Mr. ANNUNZIO, Mr. BEILENSON, Mr. MARTINEZ, Mrs. SCHROEDER, Mr. OWENS of New York, Mr. ROYBAL, Mr. LEHMAN of Florida, Mr. OWENS of Utah, Mr. MORAN, Mr. WHEAT, Mr. COLEMAN of Texas, Mr. BERMAN, Mr. BLACKWELL, Mr. MCDERMOTT, Mr. DELLUMS, Mr. AUCOIN, Mr. PETERSON of Minnesota, Mr. DEFAZIO, Mr. HORTON, Mr. BILBRAY, Mr. ABERCROMBIE, Mr. STARK, Mrs. KENNELLY, Mr. SCHEUER, Mr. LEHMAN of California, Mr. HAMILTON, Mr. SKAGGS, Mr. SERRANO, Mr. PALLONE, Mr. VENTO, Mr. ANDREWS of New Jersey, Ms. HORN, Mrs. COLLINS of Illinois, Mr. KOPETSKI, Mr. TORRES, Ms. MOLINARI, Mr. MAVROULES, Mr. PANETTA, Mr. PAYNE of New Jersey, Mr. SANDERS, Mr. EVANS, Mr. WASHINGTON, Mr. EDWARDS of California, Mr. WOLPE, Mr. OBERSTAR, Ms. SLAUGHTER, Mr. WYDEN, Mr. CARDIN, Mrs. MINK, Mr. MATSUI, Mr. TORRICELLI, Mr. LEVINE of California, Mr. JONTZ, Mrs. UNSOELD, Mr. SWETT, Mr. CONYERS, Mr. KENNEDY, Mr. TOWNS, Mr. SCHUMER, Mr. GUARINI, Mr. ATKINS, Mr. ROE, Mr. FROST, Mr. PEASE, Mr. JOHNSTON of Florida, Mr. WELDON, Mr. SANGMEISTER, Mr. GONZALEZ, Mrs. LOWEY of New York, Mr. DWYER, Mrs. BOXER, Mr. MACHTLEY, Mr. LANTOS, Mr. FAZIO, Mr. DIXON, Mr. DOWNEY, Mr. WEISS, Mr. ENGEL, and Mr. MRAZEK) introduced the following bill; which was referred to the Committee on Energy and Commerce A BILL To stabilize emissions of carbon dioxide to protect the global climate. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE. This Act may be cited as the `Global Climate Protection Act'. SEC. 2. FINDINGS. The Congress finds that-- (1) manmade emissions of carbon dioxide (CO2) are dramatically increasing the natural concentrations of this greenhouse gas in the Earth's atmosphere; (2) the world's leading scientific experts, including the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change and the United States National Academy of Sciences, have concluded that continued emissions of CO2 and other greenhouse gases will lead to a warming of the global climate; (3) such a change in global climate could increase the frequency and severity of hurricanes and droughts, have disastrous impacts on the planet's agricultural productivity, flood coastal areas and wetlands, inundate drinking water supplies with salt water, devastate many of the planet's natural ecosystems, cause serious human health impacts, and threaten the habitability of the Earth; (4) an international agreement is needed soon to provide for effective control of CO2 and other greenhouse emissions globally; (5) among the world's major industrialized nations only the United States has failed to support an international agreement to stabilize emissions of CO2; (6) numerous studies, including analyses by the National Academy of Sciences, and the Congressional Office of Technology Assessment, show that CO2 emissions in the United States can be stabilized at 1990 levels at little or no costs or even a substantial savings to the economy; (7) a requirement for stabilization of CO2 emissions in the United States will be an important first step in responding effectively to the global climate problem and will constitute an important United States commitment towards assuming this country's share of responsibility for protection of the global environment; and (8) a statutory requirement for stabilization of CO2 emissions in the United States will dramatically enhance prospects for reaching an international agreement to control emissions of greenhouse gases before the United Nations Conference on Environment and Development in Rio de Janeiro in June of 1992. SEC. 3. STABILIZATION OF CO2 EMISSIONS. (a) REGULATIONS- Not later than 2 years after the enactment of this Act, the President shall promulgate final regulations that will achieve stabilization of CO2 emissions by January 1, 2000. The regulations shall use the statutory and administrative authorities of the Environmental Protection Agency and other departments, agencies, and instrumentalities of the United States to achieve such stabilization. Such regulations shall be proposed within 1 year after the enactment of this Act. (b) PROGRESS DETERMINATIONS- Not later than 4 years after enactment of this Act and at 2-year intervals thereafter, the Administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency shall complete an evaluation of the progress made pursuant to the regulations promulgated under this section and submit a report to the Congress containing the results of such evaluation. Each such evaluation shall contain a determination whether such regulations will achieve the stabilization required under subsection (a). If the Administrator determines that such regulations will not achieve such stabilization, the President shall, within 1 year after such determination, promulgate additional regulations that will achieve such stabilization, using the authorities referred to in subsection (a). (c) CITIZEN ACTION- Any citizen of the United States may bring an action in the United States District Court for the District of Columbia against any officer of the United States where there is an alleged failure by such officer to perform any act or duty under this section which is not discretionary with such officer. In any such action, the United States District Court for the District of Columbia shall issue such orders as may be necessary to assure that such officer performs such act or duty. (d) DEFINITIONS- The term `stabilization of CO2 emissions' means the achievement and maintenance of a level of aggregate annual CO2 emissions from all anthropogenic sources of such emissions in the United States at a level which does not exceed the aggregate level of such emissions in the United States from such sources in 1990.