Text: H.R.4750 — 102nd Congress (1991-1992)All Information (Except Text)

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HR 4750 IH
102d CONGRESS
2d Session
 H. R. 4750
To stabilize emissions of carbon dioxide to protect the global climate.
IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES
April 2, 1992
Mr. WAXMAN (for himself, Mr. FASCELL, Mr. MILLER of California, Mr. BOEHLERT,
Mr. BROWN, Mr. STUDDS, Mr. GILCHREST, Mr. RAVENEL, Mr. SOLARZ, Ms. PELOSI,
Mr. GILMAN, Mr. BRYANT, Mr. SIKORSKI, Mr. COOPER, Mr. SYNAR, Mr. FRANK
of Massachusetts, Mr. HUGES, Mr. ORTON, Mr. MCMILLEN of Maryland,
Mr. HOCHBRUECKNER, Mr. KOSTMAYER, Mr. YATES, Mr. SMITH of Florida,
Mr. MCHUGH, Mr. ANDREWS of Maine, Mr. ANNUNZIO, Mr. BEILENSON, Mr. MARTINEZ,
Mrs. SCHROEDER, Mr. OWENS of New York, Mr. ROYBAL, Mr. LEHMAN of Florida,
Mr. OWENS of Utah, Mr. MORAN, Mr. WHEAT, Mr. COLEMAN of Texas, Mr. BERMAN,
Mr. BLACKWELL, Mr. MCDERMOTT, Mr. DELLUMS, Mr. AUCOIN, Mr. PETERSON
of Minnesota, Mr. DEFAZIO, Mr. HORTON, Mr. BILBRAY, Mr. ABERCROMBIE,
Mr. STARK, Mrs. KENNELLY, Mr. SCHEUER, Mr. LEHMAN of California, Mr. HAMILTON,
Mr. SKAGGS, Mr. SERRANO, Mr. PALLONE, Mr. VENTO, Mr. ANDREWS of New Jersey,
Ms. HORN, Mrs. COLLINS of Illinois, Mr. KOPETSKI, Mr. TORRES, Ms. MOLINARI,
Mr. MAVROULES, Mr. PANETTA, Mr. PAYNE of New Jersey, Mr. SANDERS, Mr. EVANS,
Mr. WASHINGTON, Mr. EDWARDS of California, Mr. WOLPE, Mr. OBERSTAR,
Ms. SLAUGHTER, Mr. WYDEN, Mr. CARDIN, Mrs. MINK, Mr. MATSUI, Mr. TORRICELLI,
Mr. LEVINE of California, Mr. JONTZ, Mrs. UNSOELD, Mr. SWETT, Mr. CONYERS,
Mr. KENNEDY, Mr. TOWNS, Mr. SCHUMER, Mr. GUARINI, Mr. ATKINS, Mr. ROE,
Mr. FROST, Mr. PEASE, Mr. JOHNSTON of Florida, Mr. WELDON, Mr. SANGMEISTER,
Mr. GONZALEZ, Mrs. LOWEY of New York, Mr. DWYER, Mrs. BOXER, Mr. MACHTLEY,
Mr. LANTOS, Mr. FAZIO, Mr. DIXON, Mr. DOWNEY, Mr. WEISS, Mr. ENGEL,
and Mr. MRAZEK) introduced the following bill; which was referred to the
Committee on Energy and Commerce
A BILL
To stabilize emissions of carbon dioxide to protect the global climate.
  Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United
  States of America in Congress assembled,
SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE.
  This Act may be cited as the `Global Climate Protection Act'.
SEC. 2. FINDINGS.
  The Congress finds that--
  (1) manmade emissions of carbon dioxide (CO2) are dramatically increasing
  the natural concentrations of this greenhouse gas in the Earth's atmosphere;
  (2) the world's leading scientific experts, including the Intergovernmental
  Panel on Climate Change and the United States National Academy of Sciences,
  have concluded that continued emissions of CO2 and other greenhouse gases
  will lead to a warming of the global climate;
  (3) such a change in global climate could increase the frequency and
  severity of hurricanes and droughts, have disastrous impacts on the
  planet's agricultural productivity, flood coastal areas and wetlands,
  inundate drinking water supplies with salt water, devastate many of the
  planet's natural ecosystems, cause serious human health impacts, and
  threaten the habitability of the Earth;
  (4) an international agreement is needed soon to provide for effective
  control of CO2 and other greenhouse emissions globally;
  (5) among the world's major industrialized nations only the United States has
  failed to support an international agreement to stabilize emissions of CO2;
  (6) numerous studies, including analyses by the National Academy of
  Sciences, and the Congressional Office of Technology Assessment, show
  that CO2 emissions in the United States can be stabilized at 1990 levels
  at little or no costs or even a substantial savings to the economy;
  (7) a requirement for stabilization of CO2 emissions in the United States
  will be an important first step in responding effectively to the global
  climate problem and will constitute an important United States commitment
  towards assuming this country's share of responsibility for protection of
  the global environment; and
  (8) a statutory requirement for stabilization of CO2 emissions in the United
  States will dramatically enhance prospects for reaching an international
  agreement to control emissions of greenhouse gases before the United Nations
  Conference on Environment and Development in Rio de Janeiro in June of 1992.
SEC. 3. STABILIZATION OF CO2 EMISSIONS.
  (a) REGULATIONS- Not later than 2 years after the enactment of this Act, the
  President shall promulgate final regulations that will achieve stabilization
  of CO2 emissions by January 1, 2000. The regulations shall use the statutory
  and administrative authorities of the Environmental Protection Agency and
  other departments, agencies, and instrumentalities of the United States
  to achieve such stabilization. Such regulations shall be proposed within
  1 year after the enactment of this Act.
  (b) PROGRESS DETERMINATIONS- Not later than 4 years after enactment of
  this Act and at 2-year intervals thereafter, the Administrator of the
  Environmental Protection Agency shall complete an evaluation of the progress
  made pursuant to the regulations promulgated under this section and submit
  a report to the Congress containing the results of such evaluation. Each
  such evaluation shall contain a determination whether such regulations
  will achieve the stabilization required under subsection (a). If the
  Administrator determines that such regulations will not achieve such
  stabilization, the President shall, within 1 year after such determination,
  promulgate additional regulations that will achieve such stabilization,
  using the authorities referred to in subsection (a).
  (c) CITIZEN ACTION- Any citizen of the United States may bring an action
  in the United States District Court for the District of Columbia against
  any officer of the United States where there is an alleged failure by
  such officer to perform any act or duty under this section which is not
  discretionary with such officer. In any such action, the United States
  District Court for the District of Columbia shall issue such orders as
  may be necessary to assure that such officer performs such act or duty.
  (d) DEFINITIONS- The term `stabilization of CO2 emissions' means the
  achievement and maintenance of a level of aggregate annual CO2 emissions
  from all anthropogenic sources of such emissions in the United States at
  a level which does not exceed the aggregate level of such emissions in
  the United States from such sources in 1990.