Bill summaries are authored by CRS.

Shown Here:
Conference report filed in House (10/04/1992)

Foreign Operations, Export Financing, and Related Programs Appropriations Act, 1993 - Title I: Multilateral Economic Assistance - Makes appropriations for FY 1993 for the U.S. contribution to the: (1) International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (World Bank) and to the World Bank's Global Environmental Facility, subject to specified conditions; (2) the International Development Association; (3) the International Finance Corporation; (4) the Inter-American Development Bank and the Fund for Special Operations of such bank; (5) the Enterprise for the Americas Multilateral Investment Fund; (6) the Asian Development Bank; (7) the Asian Development Fund; (8) the African Development Fund; and (9) the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD).

Limits the callable capital portion of the U.S. share of increases in the stock of the World Bank, the Inter-American Development Bank, the Asian Development Bank, and the EBRD.

Authorizes additional appropriations for contributions to the International Finance Corporation, the Asian Development Bank, and the African Development Fund.

Directs the Secretary of the Treasury to use the vote of the United States in the Enterprise for the Americas Multilateral Investment Fund to require countries, in order to be eligible for Fund assistance, to: (1) have democratically-elected governments; (2) cooperate with the United States in narcotics matters; (3) not sponsor international terrorists; and (4) not be engaged in human rights violations.

Requires the Secretary to instruct the U.S. Executive Director to the Inter-American Development Bank to vote against funding for any Fund project if the project is likely to cause a loss of jobs within the United States.

Directs the President to reduce from the amounts obligated for the International Development Association and the Asian Development Bank the U.S. proportionate share of any loans approved for China for non-basic human needs since October 1, 1992, if China is denied most-favored-nation trading status.

Limits the amount of funds for the International Finance Corporation that may be expended for the purchase of stock.

Directs the Secretary of the Treasury to instruct the U.S. executive director of the Inter-American Development Bank to oppose assistance to any recipient who refuses to agree to conduct procurement of goods or services utilizing Bank funds in a nondiscriminatory manner.

Requires the Secretary to certify to the Appropriations Committees that none of the funds for the Asian Development Fund will be made available for China.

Appropriates funds for an increase in the U.S. quota in the International Monetary Fund (IMF).

Makes appropriations for FY 1993 for international organizations and programs. Prohibits such funds from being made available to the United Nations Fund for Science and Technology. Earmarks specified amounts of such funds for certain international organizations and United Nations programs. Provides that funds may be made available to the International Atomic Energy Agency only if the Secretary of State reports to the Congress that Israel is not being denied its right to participate in the Agency.

Title II: Bilateral Economic Assistance - Makes appropriations for FY 1993 for development assistance. Earmarks amounts for: (1) activities relating to research on, and the treatment and control of, acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS); (2) development projects of private entities and cooperatives for dairy development; (3) the Vitamin A Deficiency Program and activities relating to iodine deficiency and other micro-nutrients; (4) U.S. participation in the Associate Professional Officers Program of the international food agencies; (5) operations for blind children; (6) cooperative projects among the United States, Israel, developing countries, Eastern Europe, the Baltic States, and the independent states of the former Soviet Union (with amounts made available for the Cooperative Development Program and cooperative development research projects); (7) the Central and Latin American Rural Electrification Support project; (8) the International Student Exchange Program; (9) fuel, construction materials, heating units, and food for Bosnia-Hercegovina, Croatia, and Kosovo; and (10) preventive medicine.

Earmarks amounts from funds made available for the Agency for International Development (AID) under this title for: (1) child survival activities; and (2) programs in support of basic education activities.

Makes appropriations for FY 1993 for population planning assistance. Prohibits funding for coercive abortion or involuntary sterilization. Earmarks an amount for the AID Office of Population.

Requires AID to report to the Appropriations Committees on its strategy for having a global impact on the international population program.

Makes appropriations for FY 1993 for the Development Fund for Africa. Earmarks an amount for activities supported by the Southern African Development Coordination Conference. Provides for the transfer of a specified amount of such funds for the International Fund for Agricultural Development's Special Programme for Subsaharan African Countries Affected by Drought and Desertification, subject to an agreement on replenishment of the Fund.

Makes appropriations for FY 1993 for disaster relief, rehabilitation, and reconstruction assistance for Subsaharan Africa, with an earmarked amount for Somalia.

Prohibits the transfer of funds appropriated by this Act to the Government of Zaire.

Earmarks development assistance funds for: (1) displaced children; (2) children in Cambodia; (3) civilians injured as a result of civil strife and warfare; and (4) women in development.

Earmarks economic support fund (ESF) assistance for Burmese displaced by civil conflict who are living in Burma (a.k.a. Myanmar) or Thailand.

Prohibits any development assistance funds from being made available to U.S. private and voluntary organizations (except cooperative development organizations) which obtain less than 20 percent of annual funding for international activities from sources other than the U.S. Government. Provides that such prohibition shall supersede certain provisions with respect to such organizations of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 and the Foreign Assistance and Related Programs Appropriations Act, 1985.

Earmarks an amount of development assistance for: (1) Appropriate Technology International; and (2) humanitarian assistance to Romania (with amounts for AIDS activities, child health, foster care and adoption activities, and family planning, subject to certain conditions).

Makes appropriations for FY 1993 for: (1) direct loans and loan guarantees and administrative expenses to carry out the private sector loans and housing guaranty programs; (2) American schools and hospitals abroad; (3) international disaster assistance; (4) the Foreign Service Retirement and Disability Fund; (5) AID operating expenses; and (6) modifying loans under the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 and the Export-Import Bank Act of 1945.

Requires AID, in order to effectively monitor the West Bank and Gaza program, to station one professional at the Consulate General in Jerusalem and the embassy in Tel Aviv.

Prohibits AID from designating drivers and cars providing portal-to-portal service for the Administrator and Deputy Administrator.

Requires AID to use Pakistani program funds to pay the severance costs of AID's foreign service nationals.

Makes appropriations for FY 1993 for the AID Office of the Inspector General. Prohibits the use of funds from any Act to relocate the overseas offices of the Inspector General to a U.S. location without the Inspector General's approval. Requires the number of positions authorized for such office in Washington and overseas to be at least 251 by the end of FY 1993. Grants responsibility for economic assistance programs for Eastern Europe and the independent states of the former Soviet Union to the Inspector General, with the concurrence of other Federal agencies.

Prohibits the use of such appropriations to pay the cost of recreational or health club activities for office employees.

Makes appropriations for FY 1993 for ESF assistance.

Earmarks amounts of ESF assistance for: (1) Israel; (2) Egypt, including an amount for the Commodity Import Program; (3) the West Bank and Gaza Program; (4) scholarships or bicommunal projects for Cyprus and measures aimed at reunification and the promotion of peace; (5) Morocco; (6) Turkey; (7) emergency relief and humanitarian assistance for Haiti; and (8) the South Pacific Tuna Treaty, if extended.

Makes available local currencies generated by ESF programs for Egypt for projects which promote the preservation of Egyptian antiquities.

Authorizes funds for Egypt to be provided through cash transfer assistance if Egypt will undertake economic reforms.

Expresses the sense of the Congress that the recommended levels of ESF assistance for Egypt and Israel are based on their continued participation in the Camp David Accords and upon the Egyptian-Israeli peace treaty.

Prohibits ESF assistance to Zaire.

Limits the amount of ESF assistance for tied aid credits and for Peru.

Withholds a specified amount of funds allocated for the Dominican Republic until the President reports to the Appropriations Committees on the steps taken by the Government of the Dominican Republic to improve respect for human rights of Haitian laborers engaged in the Dominican Republic's sugar cane harvesting industry.

Makes appropriations for FY 1993 for: (1) the U.S. contribution to the International Fund for Ireland; and (2) the Multilateral Assistance Initiative for the Philippines.

Makes appropriations for FY 1993 for economic assistance for Eastern Europe and the Baltic States. Sets forth priorities for funding.

Makes appropriations for FY 1993 for economic assistance for the independent states of the former Soviet Union.

Earmarks funds for scholarship programs for bringing people from the independent states to the United States and for development assistance. Requires funds to be used for the establishment of a program for enhancing environmental management and sustainable economic development. Permits funds to be used for American Agribusiness Centers.

Prohibits the use of funds under any Act making funds available for foreign operations, export financing, and related programs for planning for or for the establishment of new U.S. Government foundations, centers, or other entities or for any activity related to the selection of their boards of directors.

Prohibits the provision of funds for Russia (except for humanitarian assistance) until the President reports to the Congress on the progress being made toward the withdrawal of Russian and Commonwealth of Independent States' armed forces from Lithuania, Latvia, and Estonia and on the status of negotiations regarding the establishment of a timetable for total withdrawal. Withholds such assistance if the President is unable to make such certification by June 1, 1993. Prohibits any assistance to Russia if it has not completed agreements for such timetable within one year of this Act's enactment date.

Makes appropriations for FY 1993 for: (1) independent agencies and the African Development Foundation; (2) the Inter-American Foundation; (3) the Overseas Private Investment Corporation (OPIC) for direct and guaranteed loan programs; (4) the Peace Corps (prohibits abortion funding); (5) international narcotics control; (6) the U.S. contribution to the International Red Cross and assistance to refugees; (7) the U.S. Emergency Refugee and Migration Assistance Fund; and (8) antiterrorism assistance.

Authorizes the African Development Foundation to employ persons who are not U.S. citizens, subject to security investigations. Makes such authorization applicable only to individuals under negotiated contracts as of this Act's enactment date.

Requires the Inter-American Foundation to designate a program as the Dante Fascell Fellows Program.

Prohibits the use of funds appropriated for OPIC to pay the cost of recreational or health club activities for OPIC employees.

Earmarks amounts of migration and refugee assistance for: (1) refugees resettling in Israel; (2) refugees in Bosnia, Croatia, and Slovenia; (3) Tibetan refugees; and (4) overseas refugee programs. Limits the amount of such assistance to be made available to the Department of State Office of Refugee Programs.

Title III: Military Assistance - Makes appropriations for FY 1993 for: (1) international military education and training (prohibits the use of such funds for countries whose annual per capita GNP exceeds $2,349 unless such countries agree to fund transportation and living allowances of their students and the provision of such funds to Zaire); (2) the foreign military financing program; and (3) peacekeeping operations. Earmarks amounts of foreign military financing for Israel, Egypt, Morocco (on a nonrepayable basis), and landmine clearing.

Prohibits foreign military financing for Zaire, Sudan, Liberia, Somalia, Guatemala, Peru, and Malawi.

Limits: (1) the amount of foreign military financing for the procurement of defense articles and services not sold by the U.S. Government for countries other than Israel and Egypt; (2) the amount of funds for administering military assistance and sales; (3) foreign military financing for Greece, Turkey, and Portugal; and (4) obligations with respect to the Special Defense Acquisition Fund. Permits the procurement of defense articles and services or design and construction services not sold by the U.S. Government only by countries for which assistance was justified for the foreign military financing program in the FY 1989 congressional presentation for security assistance programs.

Directs the Department of Defense, as requested by the Defense Security Assistance Agency, to conduct audits of private firms whose contracts are made directly with foreign governments and are financed under this title.

Title IV: Export Assistance - Authorizes the Export-Import Bank to make expenditures within the limit of funds and borrowing authority and to make any necessary contracts and commitments. Prohibits the use of Bank funds for nuclear exports to a non-nuclear weapon state.

Makes appropriations for FY 1993 to subsidize direct loans, tied-aid grants, and loan guarantees under Export-Import Bank programs.

Makes appropriations for FY 1993 for: (1) administrative expenses of the Export-Import Bank; and (2) the Trade and Development Program.

Title V: General Provisions - Prohibits the use of funds appropriated in this Act (other than funds appropriated for international organizations and programs) for any water or related land resource project which has not met specified standards and criteria for such projects proposed for construction in the United States.

Limits the percentage of appropriations, with specified exceptions, that may be obligated during the last month of availability.

Prohibits using certain funds appropriated or made available pursuant to this Act for: (1) retirement pay for any person serving in the armed forces of any recipient country; (2) making payments on procurement contracts which do not authorize the termination of such contract for the convenience of the United States; or (3) paying any assessments, arrearages, or dues of any member of the United Nations. Prohibits using any of the funds contained in title II of this Act to carry out the transfer of funds to international or multilateral lending organizations.

Limits the amounts of funds made available under this Act to be used for: (1) official residence expenses, entertainment expenses, and representation allowances of AID; (2) entertainment expenses and representation allowances for foreign military financing programs, the Inter-American Foundation, and the Trade and Development Program; and (3) entertainment expenses for international military education and training programs and the Peace Corps.

Prohibits the use of funds made available under this Act (other than funds for international organizations and programs) to finance the export of nuclear equipment, fuel, or technology.

Prohibits the use of funds made available under this Act to: (1) assist any foreign government in repressing the legitimate rights of its population; (2) finance assistance or reparations to Cuba, Iraq, Libya, Vietnam, Iran, or Syria (including assistance provided by the Export-Import Bank or its agents); or (3) finance assistance to any country whose elected head of government is deposed by military coup.

Sets forth congressional reporting requirements for the Secretary of State with respect to human rights violations of foreign governments.

Prohibits obligating funds made available under this Act under an appropriation account to which they were not appropriated, unless the President provides a written policy justification to the Appropriations Committees.

Continues the availability of certain AID funds and funds for credit sales under the Arms Export Control Act, provided the Appropriations Committees are notified.

Prohibits appropriations contained in this Act from remaining available after expiration of the current fiscal year, except as provided in this Act.

Prohibits the use of funds made available under this Act to: (1) be used for publicity or propaganda purposes within the United States; (2) assist a country in default for more than a year on a U.S. loan under a program for which funds are appropriated under this Act (exempts from such prohibition funds for Nicaragua and for narcotics-related assistance for Colombia, Bolivia, and Peru); or (3) be made available for any international financial institution whose U.S. representative cannot obtain any document developed by or in the possession of the management, unless such representative certifies to the Appropriations Committees that such document's confidentiality is essential to the institution's operation.

Prohibits the use of funds made available under this Act for direct assistance, the Export-Import Bank, and OPIC to finance any loan or other assistance to establish or expand production of any commodity for export by a foreign country if such commodity is likely to be in surplus on world markets and will cause substantial injury to U.S. producers of a similar or competing commodity. Exempts the Export-Import Bank from such prohibition if the Bank determines that the benefits to industry and employment in the United States are likely to outweigh the injury to such producers.

Prohibits making any of the funds appropriated under any Act available for any testing, study, variety improvement, or certain other activities related to the growth or production in a foreign country of an agricultural commodity for export which would compete with a similar commodity grown or produced in the United States.

Prohibits the use of funds appropriated to AID, other than funds to carry out the Caribbean Basin Initiative, to procure studies or assist in establishing facilities for the manufacture of import-sensitive articles that compete with U.S. exports.

Directs the Secretary of the Treasury to instruct the U.S. executive directors of specified international financial institutions to oppose assistance for the production or extraction of any commodity or mineral for export if it is in surplus on world markets and if the assistance will cause substantial injury to U.S. producers of a similar or competing commodity.

Sets forth congressional notification procedures for the obligation of specified funds made available under this Act. Waives notification requirements if there is a risk to human health or welfare.

Limits expenditures for consulting services through procurement contracts.

Prohibits using funds appropriated under this Act to lobby for abortion.

Prohibits any of the international organizations and programs funds from being available for the U.S. proportionate share of any programs for the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO), Libya, Iran, or, at the discretion of the President, Communist countries to which foreign assistance is prohibited.

Prohibits the United States from making a contribution to the United Nations or any of its affiliated agencies if such an agency grants full membership to any organization that does not have the internationally recognized attributes of statehood.

Authorizes Israel to use any loan made available under the Arms Export Control Act for which repayment is forgiven before using any other loan made available under such Act.

Prohibits U.S. employees from recognizing or negotiating with the PLO so long as the PLO does not recognize Israel's right to exist, does not accept Security Council Resolutions 242 and 338, and does not renounce the use of terrorism.

Declares that it is U.S. policy that ESF assistance for Israel shall not be less than the annual debt repayment from Israel to the United States.

Limits the amount of foreign military financing for El Salvador and provides that such assistance shall be used only for non-lethal items and only in accordance with the Salvadoran Peace Accords. Earmarks a specified amount of such financing for the Demobilization and Transition Fund. Authorizes ESF assistance to be used for law enforcement. Limits the amount of ESF and international military education and training assistance to be made available for El Salvador.

Requires congressional notification prior to making funds available for military aircraft in Central America. Directs the Secretary of State to notify specified congressional committees whenever helicopters or military aircraft are provided to Central American countries by any foreign country.

Expresses the policy of the United States that sustainable economic growth must be predicated on sustainable use of natural resources. Directs the Secretary of the Treasury to instruct U.S. executive directors of the multilateral development banks to: (1) promote specified environmental and energy initiatives; and (2) encourage such banks to meet specified benchmarks in the areas of sustainable energy development, forest conservation, forced displacement of populations, and environmental impact assessment.

Requires the AID Administrator to instruct all AID missions to continue to implement all elements of the Global Warming Initiative. Earmarks AID funds for environment and energy activities (with amounts for biological diversity, renewable energy projects, elephant conservation and preservation, the AID Office of Energy, the Forests for the Future Initiative, and a Global Forest Agreement).

Declares that AID should target assistance for: (1) the Global Environment Facility; (2) the Environmental Technology Export Council and the International Fund for Renewable Energy Efficiency; and (3) the Global Warming Initiative.

Earmarks foreign military financing funds for programs which support conservation and biological diversity in Africa.

Earmarks an amount from the Development Assistance Fund for the Interim Multilateral Fund for the Implementation of the Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer. Directs the U.S. Representative to the Fund to assure that no funds are contributed to a developing country that is not a party to the Montreal Protocol.

Prohibits the use of development assistance funds to pay for: (1) abortions or involuntary sterilizations as a method of family planning or to motivate or coerce any persons to practice abortions or undergo sterilization; or (2) any biomedical research concerning abortions or involuntary sterilization as a method of family planning.

Reaffirms the congressional commitment to population, development assistance and the need for informed voluntary family planning.

Earmarks specified amounts of development and economic assistance appropriated by this Act for the Afghan people. Requires the AID Administrator to ensure that an equitable portion of such funds is made available to benefit Afghan women and girls.

Prohibits making any of the funds appropriated by this Act available to a private voluntary organization which fails to provide the records necessary for an AID audit or which is not registered with AID.

Expresses the sense of the Congress that all countries receiving U.S. foreign aid should cooperate in facilitating lasting solutions to refugee situations.

Prohibits making any of the funds appropriated by this Act available for Sudan, Uganda, Liberia, Lebanon, Zaire, Yemen, Haiti, Ivory Coast, Guatemala, Malawi, Peru, Cambodia, Indonesia, or Somalia, except through regular congressional notification procedures.

Earmarks certain appropriated funds for family planning and child survival activities and activities relating to research on, and the treatment and control of, AIDS in developing countries.

Prohibits making any of the funds appropriated under this Act available to finance indirectly any assistance or reparations to Cuba, Iraq, Libya, Vietnam, Iran, Syria, North Korea, China, Laos, Jordan, or Yemen unless the President certifies that the withholding of these funds is contrary to the national interest of the United States.

Amends the Arms Export Control Act to extend waiver authority with respect to reciprocal leasing agreements through FY 1993.

Requires delivery of defense equipment (permitted under special authority during unforeseen emergencies) within 120 days of congressional notification.

Sets forth additional notification requirements with respect to the transfer of excess defense equipment to NATO.

Requires the Secretary of State to transmit copies of all debt relief agreements to the appropriate congressional committees.

Continues the funding of Middle East regional cooperative programs.

Expresses the sense of the Congress that: (1) the U.S. Government should use its influence in the Asian Development Bank to secure reconsideration of the decision to designate Taiwan as "Taipei, China"; and (2) the Asian Development Bank should resolve this dispute in a fashion that is acceptable to Taiwan.

Prohibits the use of funds provided under any Act for the sale of M-833 or comparable antitank shells containing a depleted uranium penetrating component to any country except a NATO member country, major non-NATO ally, or Taiwan.

Allows earmarked funds to be reprogrammed for other programs within the same account if: (1) compliance with the earmark is made impossible by any Act; or (2) with respect to countries with which the United States has base access agreements, the President determines that the recipient of funds has reduced its military or economic cooperation with the United States. Requires the President, before funds for such countries are reprogrammed, to provide a written policy justification to the Appropriations Committees. Subjects such reprogramming to the regular notification procedure of such committees.

Provides for U.S. opposition to assistance to terrorist countries by international financial institutions.

Prohibits bilateral assistance to such countries.

Earmarks amounts of ESF assistance for scholarships to disadvantaged South Africans.

Permits funds to be made available for training and equipment for narcotics law enforcement agencies in Colombia, Bolivia, and Peru (except for Peru's Sinchi Police).

Earmarks amounts of assistance made available to AID for narcotics education and awareness programs and narcotics related economic assistance activities.

Authorizes funds made available by this Act to be used to finance the leasing of aircraft for cooperative research and development under the Arms Export Control Act.

Requires that any agreement for the sale or provision of any article on the U.S. Munitions List shall expressly state that the article is being provided by the United States only with the understanding that it will not be transferred to Cyprus or otherwise used to further the severance or division of Cyprus. Directs the President to report to the Congress when such equipment is used for such purposes.

Permits the commercial leasing of defense articles (other than major defense equipment) by Israel, Egypt, NATO countries, and major non-NATO allies if the President determines that there are compelling foreign policy or national security reasons for those defense articles being provided by commercial lease rather than by government-to-government sale.

Earmarks ESF and development assistance available for humanitarian and development assistance for Cambodian civilians. Terminates assistance to any Cambodian organization that is cooperating with the Khmer Rouge in their military operations. Requires the President to: (1) conduct an onsite assessment within Cambodia to determine the requirements for the development of infrastructure and for the eradication of explosive mines; and (2) report to the Speaker of the House and the President of the Senate on violations of the United Nations peace agreement by the Khmer Rouge and U.S. responses to such violations.

Provides that all AID contracts and solicitations shall require U.S. marine insurance companies to have a fair opportunity to bid for marine insurance.

Expresses the sense of the Congress that funds made available for the International Fund for Ireland should be allocated to programs which emphasize jobs creation in areas having the highest rates of unemployment.

Requires at least ten percent of development assistance and assistance for the Development Fund for Africa for the current fiscal year (unless the AID Administrator determines otherwise) to be made available only for U.S. organizations and individuals that are: (1) business concerns or private organizations owned and controlled by socially and economically disadvantaged individuals; (2) historically black colleges or universities; and (3) colleges and universities in which more than 40 percent of the students are Hispanic American. Directs the Administrator to: (1) utilize the authority of the Small Business Act; (2) enter into contracts with such entities using less than full and open competitive procedures; and (3) issue regulations requiring contracts in excess of $500,000 to provide that at least ten percent of the contract shall be subcontracted to such entities. Requires AID personnel with contracting authority to notify the AID Office of Small and Disadvantaged Business Utilization before advertising contracts in excess of $100,000. Directs the Administrator to: (1) include as part of the performance evaluation of any mission director such director's efforts to carry out such activities; and (2) report annually to the Congress on the implementation of such program.

Prohibits the United States from selling or making available Stinger missiles to any Persian Gulf country.

Prohibits the provision of funds appropriated under this Act to any person undertaking an action prohibited by U.S. law.

Authorizes nongovernmental organizations which are AID grantees or contractors to place in interest bearing accounts funds under this Act or any local currencies which accrue to such organizations as a result of AID economic assistance.

Earmarks a specified amount of development and ESF assistance for Lebanon.

Sets forth the value of additions to be made to stockpiles in foreign countries during FY 1993 and earmarks an amount for Israel.

Extends the period during which the President may waive prohibitions on assistance to Pakistan to September 30, 1993. Prohibits the obligation or expenditure of funds for Pakistan except through the notification procedures of the Committees on Appropriations.

Sets forth requirements for the maintenance of separate accounts for, and the use of, local currencies, cash transfers, and non-project sector assistance.

Prohibits the use of funds appropriated by this Act for payments to international financial institutions that compensate U.S. directors in excess of specified rates.

Prohibits the use of funds appropriated by this Act to provide assistance to any country that is not in compliance with the United Nations Security Council sanctions against Iraq unless the President certifies to the Congress that such assistance: (1) is in the U.S. national interest; (2) will directly benefit the needy people in such country; or (3) will be humanitarian assistance for foreign nationals who have fled Iraq and Kuwait. Authorizes the President to prohibit the importation into the United States of products of any foreign country that has not prohibited the importation of Iraqi products and the export of its products to Iraq.

Repeals a provision of the Foreign Operations, Export Financing, and Related Programs Appropriations Act, 1991 which made excess defense articles available to countries supporting Operation Desert Shield.

Authorizes the President to direct the drawdown of defense articles and services and military education and training for Cambodia and Laos to support efforts to locate and repatriate members of the U.S. armed forces and civilians employed by the U.S. Government who remain unaccounted for from the Vietnam War and to support humanitarian projects associated with POW/MIA efforts. Authorizes appropriations.

Prohibits ESF and foreign military financing assistance for Kenya unless the President certifies to the Congress that the Kenyan Government has: (1) released all political detainees and ended the prosecution of individuals for the peaceful expression of their political beliefs; (2) ceased the mistreatment of prisoners; (3) restored judicial independence; (4) taken steps toward respecting human rights; and (5) set and published an elections schedule.

Amends the Foreign Operations, Export Financing, and Related Programs Appropriations Act, 1990 to extend a provision that requires the ratio of the value of excess defense articles made available for Turkey to the value of such articles for Greece to approximate the ratio of foreign military financing provided for Turkey to that provided for Greece.

Requires the delivery of excess defense articles to NATO allies and major non-NATO allies on the southern and southeastern flanks of NATO to be given priority over the delivery of such articles to other countries.

Extends certain provisions granting refugee status or permanent residence to nationals of the independent states of the former Soviet Union, Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania.

Authorizes development and ESF assistance for Guatemala for FY 1993 to be: (1) provided to and used only by civilian government agencies and nongovernmental organizations; (2) used for costs of retraining, relocation, and reemployment in civilian pursuits of former combatants and noncombatants affected by the conflict in Guatemala; and (3) used for costs of monitoring activities associated with specified peace accords. Requires such assistance to be targeted for assistance for programs that address poverty, basic needs, and environmental concerns; to improve the performance of democratic institutions or to promote pluralism; for the National Reconciliation Commission; for fiscal reform and administration; or for programs that promote trade and investment. Prohibits the use of such assistance for partisan political purposes or as an instrument of counterinsurgency.

Releases funds for retraining, relocation, and reemployment of individuals affected by the conflict and for the monitoring of peace accords only upon notification by the President to the appropriate congressional committees that the Guatemalan Government and representatives of the Guatemalan National Revolutionary Unity (URNG) have signed an agreement providing for a lasting peace agreement.

Directs the President, prior to submitting any notification for assistance for Guatemala in FY 1993, to take into consideration Guatemala's progress toward eliminating human rights violations and in investigating and bringing to trial those responsible for major human rights cases.

Prohibits any funds made available by this Act to carry out the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 or the Arms Export Control Act to be made available for Jordan unless the President certifies to the Congress that: (1) Jordan has taken steps to advance the peace process in the Middle East; (2) Jordan is in compliance with United Nations sanctions against Iraq; and (3) such assistance is in the U.S. national interest.

Amends the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 to express the sense of the Congress that the President should pursue a policy which seeks a regional negotiated solution to the issue of nuclear non-proliferation in South Asia, including a protocol to be signed by all nuclear weapons states prohibiting nuclear attacks by such states on countries in the region.

Directs the President to report to specified congressional committees and officials on the nuclear and ballistic missile programs of China, Pakistan, and India.

Sets forth a notification requirement for cash flow financing over a specified amount to be provided under the Arms Export Control Act.

Rescinds specified amounts of funds made available for development, ESF, and military assistance in prior Acts making appropriations for foreign operations, export financing, and related programs.

Authorizes ESF assistance to be made available for: (1) the administration of justice in Latin America and the Caribbean; and (2) technical assistance, training, and commodities to create a professional civilian police force for Panama and for programs to improve penal institutions and the rehabilitation of offenders in Panama.

Directs the Comptroller General to study and report to specified congressional committees on each credit program within the international affairs (Budget Function 150) account, calculating for each program: (1) the probability of repayment by each country of existing U.S. loans and of default on international guarantees; (2) subsidy estimates for each country and credit program; and (3) risk assessments for each country within each program for FY 1994.

Makes a certain amount of Polish currencies held by the United States available for the Research Center on Jewish History and Culture of the Jagiellonian University of Krakow, Poland, to the extent that they do not diminish planned funding for the American Children's Hospital in Krakow.

Earmarks a specified amount of assistance for the independent states of the former Soviet Union for U.S. agricultural commodities to address the food and nutrition needs of such states. Authorizes the President to enter into agreements with such states and nongovernmental organizations to provide for the sale of such commodities for local currencies. Requires such currencies to be used to enhance the effectiveness of the use of such commodities and to support agricultural and rural development.

Earmarks a specified amount of assistance for Eastern Europe, the Baltic States, Russia, and Eurasian democracies for Russian, Eurasian, and Eastern European research and training.

Authorizes the President to reduce the amount owed to the United States that is outstanding as of January 1, 1992, as a result of concessional loans made to a country under foreign economic assistance legislation. Sets forth eligibility requirements for debt reduction, including that a country: (1) have a democratically-elected government; (2) not support international terrorism; (3) not fail to cooperate on international narcotics control matters; and (4) not engage in human rights violations.

Amends the Inter-American Development Bank Act to authorize the Secretary of the Treasury to make a payment to the Multilateral Investment Fund to provide funds only to governments that meet the conditions specified for debt reduction eligibility. Directs the Secretary, if such Fund is established, to instruct the U.S. Representative to the Fund not to vote in favor of any action which may have an adverse environmental effect unless an environmental impact assessment has been available at least 120 days before the vote.

Makes a specified percentage of ESF assistance and assistance for the Philippines, Eastern Europe, the Baltic States, and the former Soviet Union available for sustainable capital projects.

Directs the Comptroller General to study and report to the Congress on cash payment assistance.

Requires the Chairman of the Export-Import Bank, if amounts provided by this Act for the Tied Aid Credit Program are not totally used by the end of FY 1993, to report to the Congress on: (1) reasons for the Bank's decisions not to use such funds; and (2) the amount of sales or bids lost because of the Bank's decision.

Requires AID to study the feasibility of Project EDEN and make recommendations on how it might be implemented.

Amends the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 to permit the President to use funds under such Act only for procurement in the United States, the recipient country, or developing countries, excluding advanced developing countries. Sets forth exceptions to such requirement.

Expresses the sense of the Congress that: (1) the Arab League countries should renounce the primary boycott of Israel and the secondary and tertiary boycotts of American firms that have commercial ties with Israel; and (2) the President should take certain steps to renounce such boycotts, consider a country's participation in such boycotts when determining whether to sell weapons to the country, and encourage U.S. trading partners to prohibit businesses from complying with such boycotts.

Prohibits funds appropriated by this Act to be obligated or expended to provide: (1) any financial incentive to a business enterprise currently located in the United States for purposes of inducing such enterprise to relocate outside the United States if such incentive is likely to reduce the number of employees in the United States because U.S. production is being replaced by the enterprise outside the United States; (2) assistance for developing any export processing zone or area in a foreign country in which the tax, tariff, labor, environment, and safety laws of that country do not apply to activities in the zone unless the President certifies that such assistance is not likely to cause a loss of jobs within the United States; or (3) assistance for any project that contributes to violations of internationally recognized workers' rights.

Earmarks funds for refugee assistance to Armenia.

Expresses the sense of the Congress that the Administration should take certain steps to encourage an oil exporting nation to provide fuel to Armenia for humanitarian purposes.

Expresses the sense of the Congress that the President should instruct the U.S. representatives to the IMF and World Bank to provide financial and technical assistance to Armenia.

Directs the President to report to the appropriate congressional committees that the United States has entered into serious discussions with Russia to reduce exports of conventional weapons to Iran and to prevent sales to Iran of destabilizing numbers and types of such weapons. Prohibits assistance to Russia under this Act unless the report has been made or it is in the national interest.

Prohibits the use of funds appropriated by any Act to support the transfer of aircraft from the Department of Defense to the Drug Enforcement Administration to carry out counternarcotics activities in Guatemala unless the President determines that it is in the national interest and notifies the Senate Appropriations and Foreign Relations Committees.

Authorizes the President to transfer a specified dollar amount of defense articles to Bosnia Herzegovina if he certifies to the Congress that: (1) such articles would assist that nation in self-defense and promote security and stability; and (2) U.S. allies are prepared to join in a military assistance effort. Authorizes appropriations.

Earmarks an amount for humanitarian assistance for the people of Kurdistan in northern Iraq.

Limits the amount of ESF and foreign military financing assistance for Morocco unless the President certifies to the Congress that the Moroccan Government is cooperating with the United Nations in the implementation of the Settlement Plan for self-determination of the people of the Western Sahara.

Prohibits international military education and training funding under this Act for Indonesia.

Title VI: Loan Guarantees to Israel - Authorizes the President, from FY 1993 through 1997, to issue guarantees against losses incurred in connection with loans made to Israel for the resettling of immigrants into Israel. Sets forth fiscal year levels for such assistance. Permits guarantees to be issued only for activities in the geographic areas subject to the administration of the Israeli Government before June 5, 1967. Sets forth fee provisions. Authorizes the President to suspend or terminate guarantees if conditions for such guarantees have been breached.

Expresses the sense of the Congress that Israel and the United States should continue to engage in consultations concerning economic and financial measures that Israel should undertake to accommodate the increased debt burden from the loans guaranteed.