Text: H.R.5389 — 102nd Congress (1991-1992)All Information (Except Text)

There is one version of the bill.

Text available as:

Shown Here:
Introduced in House

 
 
HR 5389 IH
102d CONGRESS
2d Session
 H. R. 5389
To establish a National Center for Biological Resources (Research and
Development) to facilitate the collection, synthesis, and dissemination
of information relating to the sustainable use, research, development,
and conservation of biological resources.
IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES
June 11, 1992
Mr. SCHEUER (for himself, Mrs. MORELLA, Mr. BROWN, Mr. WOLPE, Mr. BEILENSON,
Ms. HORN, Mr. BLAZ, Mr. GEJDENSON, Mr. MCMILLEN of Maryland, Mr. MCDERMOTT,
Mr. SIKORSKI, Mr. HUGHES, Mr. HERTEL, Mr. KOSTMAYER, and Mr. NOWAK) introduced
the following bill; which was referred jointly to the Committees on Merchant
Marine and Fisheries and Science, Space, and Technology
A BILL
To establish a National Center for Biological Resources (Research and
Development) to facilitate the collection, synthesis, and dissemination
of information relating to the sustainable use, research, development,
and conservation of biological resources.
  Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United
  States of America in Congress assembled,
SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE.
  This Act may be cited as the `National Biological Resources Research and
  Development Act'.
SEC. 2. FINDINGS.
  The Congress finds that--
  (1) existing information regarding the abundance and distribution of
  biological resources is inadequate and often inaccessible;
  (2) the loss of biological resources may have serious consequences for
  human welfare as raw material for research and agricultural, medicinal,
  and industrial development are irretrievably lost;
  (3) existing laws and programs relevant to the loss of indigenous biological
  resources in the United States are largely uncoordinated and inadequate,
  and sometimes result in duplication of efforts, conflicts in goals, and
  gaps in geographic and taxonomic coverage; and,
  (4) increased research in biological resources is needed to provide adequate
  knowledge to maintain and to ensure the sustainable use of natural resources.
SEC. 3. DEFINITIONS.
  For purposes of this Act--
  (1) the term `biological resources' means the full range of variety and
  variability within and among living organisms (including both terrestrial and
  aquatic) and the ecological complexes in which they occur, and encompasses
  ecosystem or community diversity, species diversity, and genetic diversity;
  (2) the term `genetic diversity' means the differences in genetic composition
  within and among populations of a given species;
  (3) the term `species diversity' means the richness and variety of indigenous
  species in a particular location of the world;
  (4) the term `community diversity' means the variety between different
  integrated assemblages of species inhabiting different locales; and
  (5) the term `United States' means all of the several States, the District
  of Columbia, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, the United States Virgin
  Islands, Guam, the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, American
  Samoa, and any other commonwealth, territory, possession, or area of legal
  or economic jurisdiction of the United States.
SEC. 4. PURPOSES.
  It is the purpose of this Act--
  (1) to undertake a nationally coordinated effort to survey, collect,
  inventory, synthesize, and disseminate adequate data and information for--
  (A) the understanding of the full range of biological resources;
  (B) assessing the rate and scale of change in biological resources;
  (C) developing tests and making available cost effective methodologies
  for scientific and economic inventories of biological resources; and
  (D) evaluating the potential economic implications of the sustainable use
  of biological resources.
  (2) to support basic and applied research necessary for a full understanding
  of the nation's biological resources; and
  (3) to promote better understanding of the importance of biological
  resources and foster actions that prevent biological impoverishment and
  sustainably preserve biological resources.
SEC. 5. NATIONAL CENTER FOR BIOLOGICAL RESOURCES (RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT).
  (a) ESTABLISHMENT AND PURPOSE- There is established within the Smithsonian
  Institution, in cooperation with the Environmental Protection Agency and
  the National Science Foundation, a National Center for Biological Resource
  (Research and Development) (the Center), whose purpose shall be to set
  research priorities, to provide leadership and coordination for the
  understanding and promotion of knowledge of the biota within the United
  States with respect to its composition, systematics, distribution, status,
  biological properties, ecological relationships (including environmental
  significance), and economic value, and the effect of human activities on
  the biota, and to make this knowledge accessible to the people of the United
  States and others working on research and development in biological resources
  throughout the world. The Center shall be administered by a Director.
  (b) FUNCTIONS- The functions of the Center shall be--
  (1) to summarize and enhance the knowledge of the distribution, status,
  and characteristics of the biota in a manner that can be used in the
  sustainable development of natural products;
  (2) to prepare, with the assistance of agencies and other sources, lists
  and, where appropriate, maps of--
  (A) indigenous biotic communities, species, and populations that appear
  to be in significant decline or in imminent danger of loss of viability;
  (B) areas of outstanding indigenous biotic importance; and,
  (C) factors, including the legal status and applicable laws, affecting
  the potential development of such communities, species, and populations;
  (3) to publish information, such as floral and faunal treatises, resource
  inventories, vegetation maps, atlases, and guides for practical use
  of biological information, and especially publications that synthesize
  information relevant to national goals of understanding biological resource
  use and its sustainable development;
  (4) to identify taxonomic groups, ecological communities, and geographical
  areas in need of study, and to develop a strategic plan for, initiate,
  and provide financial support toward an ongoing survey of the biota;
  (5) to provide for the conducting of research, through grants, contracts,
  or otherwise, by Federal, State, and private agencies, institutions,
  organizations, and individuals;
  (6) to make recommendations to Federal agencies and others on the technical
  management of data collection, storage, and retrieval;
  (7) to provide training and technical assistance to Federal agencies and
  others regarding collection and interpretation of biological data;
  (8) to raise additional funds through grants and contracts as necessary
  to support the activities of the Center; and
  (9) to research and explore the development of natural products.
  (c) STRUCTURE AND MEMBERSHIP-
  (1) BOARD OF TRUSTEES- There is established in the Smithsonian Institution
  a Board of Trustees to be known as the Trustees of the National Center for
  Biological Resources (Research and Development), which shall provide advice
  and assistance to the Board of Regents of the Smithsonian Institution on
  all matters relating to the policies, administration, and operation of
  the Center.
  (2) MEMBERSHIP- (A) The Board of Trustees shall consist of 19 members,
  including--
  (i) one representative of the Smithsonian Institution;
  (ii) one representative of the Fish and Wildlife Service;
  (iii) one representative of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric
  Administration;
  (iv) one representative of the National Park Service;
  (v) one representative of the Department of Energy;
  (vi) one representative of the National Science Foundation;
  (vii) one representative of the Agricultural Research Service;
  (viii) one representative of the Environmental Protection Agency;
  (ix) one representative of the Forest Service;
  (x) one representative of the Bureau of Land Management;
  (xi) one representative of the Department of Defense;
  (xii) one representative of State biological surveys;
  (xiii) one representative of private organizations that maintain large
  data bases oriented toward biological resource inventories;
  (xiv) two scientists from nonprofit research institutions or universities;
  and
  (xv) two representatives from institutions with collections of biological
  specimens; and
  (xvi) two representatives from companies that develop products from biotic
  resources.
  (B) Members listed under clauses (xii) through (xv) of subparagraph (A)
  shall be appointed by the President from a list of nominees recommended
  by the National Academy of Sciences.
  (3) TERMS- Members of the Board of Trustees shall serve for terms of five
  years, and may serve more than one term.
  (4) COMPENSATION OF MEMBERS-
  (A) NONGOVERNMENT MEMBERS- Each member of the advisory board that is not
  otherwise in the service of the Federal Government shall, to the extent
  provided for in advance in appropriations Acts, be paid actual travel
  expenses and per diem in lieu of subsistence expenses in accordance with
  section 5703 of title 5, United States Code, when such member is away from
  the member's usual place of residence.
  (B) GOVERNMENT MEMBERS- Each member of the advisory board that is otherwise
  in the service of the Federal Government shall serve without compensation
  in addition to that received for such other service, but while engaged
  in the work of the Board of Trustees, such member shall, to the extent
  provided for in advance in appropriations Acts, be paid actual travel
  expenses, and per diem in lieu of subsistence expenses in accordance with
  subchapter I of chapter 57 of title 5, United States Code, when away from
  the member's usual place of residence.
  (5) CHAIRMAN- The members of the Board of Trustees shall select one member
  to serve as Chairman.
  (6) FUNDING ARRANGEMENTS- The Director of the Center shall make appropriate
  arrangements for necessary administrative and clerical support of the Board
  of Trustees, in consultation with the Chairman of the Board of Trustees.
  (d) AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS- There are authorized to be appropriated
  to carry out this section $10,000,000 for fiscal year 1993, $10,000,000
  for fiscal year 1994, and $10,000,000 for fiscal year 1995, to remain
  available until expended as specified in appropriations Acts.