Summary: S.1367 — 102nd Congress (1991-1992)All Information (Except Text)

Bill summaries are authored by CRS.

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Indefinitely postponed in Senate (07/23/1991)

United States-China Act of 1991 - Prohibits the extension for a 12-month period beginning July 3, 1992, of nondiscriminatory treatment (most-favored-nation treatment) to China under the Trade Act of 1974, unless the President submits to the Congress a specified report stating that China has: (1) accounted for and released prisoners who have been detained and imprisoned as a result of the nonviolent expression of their political beliefs; (2) ceased exporting to the United States products manufactured by convict or forced labor; (3) ceased the supply of military arms to the Khmer Rouge; (4) adhered to the Joint Declaration with the United Kingdom on Hong Kong; and (5) no program of coercive abortion or involuntary sterilization. Requires such report to state whether China has made significant progress in: (1) engaging in high-level discussions on human rights issues; (2) preventing gross violations of such rights (including in Tibet); (3) terminating harassment of Chinese citizens in the United States; (4) ensuring access of international human rights monitoring groups to prisoners; (5) providing protection of U.S. intellectual property rights; (6) providing U.S. exporters access to Chinese markets by lowering tariffs, removing nontariff barriers, and increasing the purchase of U.S. goods and services; (7) adopting a national policy consistent with specified missile, nuclear, and chemical and biological control agreements; and (8) reducing assistance to Cuba.

Terminates most-favored-nation trade status for China if the President determines that it has transferred to Syria or Iran: (1) ballistic missiles or missile launchers for the M-9 or M-11 weapon systems; or (2) material or technology which would significantly contribute to the manufacture of a nuclear weapon.

Requires the President to undertake efforts to ensure that members of the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) take similar action to restrict trade with China if the United States denies or terminates China's most-favored-nation status.

Amends the Tariff Act of 1930 to set forth civil penalties for persons who such import convict-manufactured goods in violation of the prohibition on importation. Provides for the judicial review of such penalties.

Authorizes specified groups of individuals or organizations to petition the Secretary of Commerce to enforce such prohibition.