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Titles Actions Overview All Actions Cosponsors Committees Related Bills Subjects Latest Summary All Summaries

Titles (17)

Popular Titles

Aid to Russia (Freedom Support Act) bill (Identified by CRS)
Freedom Support (Aid to Russia) bill (Identified by CRS)
Freedom Support Act (Aid to Russia) bill (Identified by CRS)
Freedom Support Act (Freedom for Russia) bill (Identified by CRS)
Freedom for Russia (Freedom Support Act) bill (Identified by CRS)

Short Titles

Short Titles as Enacted

FREEDOM Support Act
Freedom for Russia and Emerging Eurasian Democracies and Open Markets Support Act of 1992

Short Titles - House of Representatives

Short Titles as Passed House

FREEDOM Support Act
Freedom for Russia and Emerging Eurasian Democracies and Open Markets Support Act of 1992

Short Titles - Senate

Short Titles as Passed Senate

Freedom for Russia and Emerging Eurasian Democracies and Open Markets Support Act of 1992

Short Titles as Passed Senate for portions of this bill
  • American Agribusiness Centers and Practitioners Exchange Act of 1992
  • American Centers Act
  • Freedom Exchange Act
  • International Local Government Exchange Act of 1992

Short Titles as Reported to Senate

Freedom for Russia and Emerging Eurasian Democracies and Open Markets Support Act of 1992

Short Titles as Introduced

Freedom for Russia and Emerging Eurasian Democracies and Open MarketsSupport Act of 1992

Official Titles

Official Titles - Senate

Official Titles as Introduced

A bill entitled "Freedom For Russia and Emerging Eurasian Democracies and Open Markets Support Act."


Actions Overview (12)

Date Actions Overview
10/24/1992Became Public Law No: 102-511.
10/24/1992Signed by President.
10/16/1992Presented to President.
10/03/1992Conference report agreed to in House: On agreeing to the conference report Agreed to by the Yeas and Nays: 232 - 164 (Roll no. 462).
10/01/1992Conference report agreed to in Senate: Senate agreed to conference report by Voice Vote.
10/01/1992Conference report filed: Conference report H. Rept. 102-964 filed.
09/24/1992Conference committee actions: Conferees agreed to file conference report.
09/16/1992Resolving differences -- Senate actions: Senate disagreed to the House amendments by Voice Vote.
08/06/1992Passed/agreed to in House: On passage Passed without objection.
07/02/1992Passed/agreed to in Senate: Passed Senate with amendments by Yea-Nay Vote. 76-20. Record Vote No: 148.
06/02/1992Committee on Foreign Relations. Reported to Senate by Senator Pell with an amendment. With written report No. 102-292. Additional views filed.
04/07/1992Introduced in Senate

All Actions (223)

Date Chamber All Actions
10/24/1992Became Public Law No: 102-511.
10/24/1992Signed by President.
10/16/1992SenatePresented to President.
10/07/1992SenateMessage on House action received in Senate.
10/03/1992-6:41pmHouseMotions to reconsider laid on the table Agreed to without objection.
10/03/1992-6:41pmHouseOn agreeing to the conference report Agreed to by the Yeas and Nays: 232 - 164 (Roll no. 462).
10/03/1992-6:21pmHouseThe previous question was ordered without objection.
10/03/1992-5:26pmHouseDEBATE - The House resumed debate.
10/03/1992-5:08pmHouseDEBATE - The House proceeded with one hour of debate on the conference report.
10/03/1992-5:07pmHouseMr. Fascell brought up conference report H. Rept. 102-964 for consideration under the provisions of H. Res. 592.
10/02/1992-6:08pmHouseRules Committee Resolution H. Res. 592 Reported to House. Rule provides for consideration of the conference report to S. 2532. Waiving all points of order against the conference report and against its consideration. Conference report shall be considered as read when called up.
10/02/1992SenateMessage on Senate action sent to the House.
10/01/1992SenateSenate agreed to conference report by Voice Vote.
10/01/1992SenateConference papers: Senate report and managers' statement and official papers held at the desk in Senate.
10/01/1992-1:11pmHouseConference report H. Rept. 102-964 filed.
09/25/1992HouseMr. Solarz asked unanimous consent that managers on the part of the House have until midnight on Sept. 28 to file a conference report on S. 2532. Agreed to without objection.
09/24/1992-5:06pmConferees agreed to file conference report.
Action By: Joint
09/16/1992SenateSenate appointed conferees. Riegle; Sarbanes; Garn from the Committee on Banking, Housing and Urban Affairs for matters solely within their jurisdiction and for matters within the shared jurisdiction of that Committee on the Committee on Foreign Relations.
09/16/1992SenateSenate appointed conferees. Leahy; Kerrey; Lugar from the Committee on Agriculture, Nutrition and Forestry for matters solely within their jurisdiction.
09/16/1992SenateSenate agreed to request for conference. Appointed conferees. Pell; Biden; Sarbanes; Cranston; Lugar; Kassebaum; Pressler. From the Committee on Foreign Relations.
09/16/1992SenateSenate disagreed to the House amendments by Voice Vote.
09/10/1992SenateMessage on House action received in Senate.
09/09/1992-3:09pmHousePursuant to the authority granted on August 11, 1992, the Chair announced the following modification to the appointment of conferees on S. 2532: The panel from the Committee on Armed Services is also appointed for consideration of section 135 of the Senate bill.
08/11/1992SenateMessage on House action received in Senate and at desk: House amendments to Senate bill and House requests a conference.
08/11/1992-5:27pmHouseBy unanimous consent, the Speaker reserved the right to make future appointments of conferees.
08/11/1992-5:27pmHouseThe Speaker appointed additional conferees - from the Committee on Science, Space, and Technology for consideration of sec. 135 of the Senate bill, and sec. 504 and title IV of the House amendment, and modifications committed to conference: Brown, Boucher, and Walker.
08/11/1992-5:27pmHouseThe Speaker appointed additional conferees - from the Committee on Public Works and Transportation for consideration of sec. 156 of the Senate bill, and modifications committed to conference: Roe, Oberstar, and Hammerschmidt.
08/11/1992-5:27pmHouseThe Speaker appointed additional conferees - from the Committee on the Judiciary for consideration of sec. 704 of the House amendment, and modifications committed to conference: Brooks, Mazzoli, and Fish.
08/11/1992-5:27pmHouseThe Speaker appointed additional conferees - from the Committee on Energy and Commerce for consideration of secs. 108 and 123 of the Senate bill, and modifications committed to conference: Dingell, Sharp, and Lent.
08/11/1992-5:27pmHouseThe Speaker appointed additional conferees - from the Committee on Energy and Commerce for consideration of sec. 151 of the Senate bill, and modifications committed to conference: Dingell, Sharp, Cooper, Bruce, Harris, Scheuer, Lent, Moorhead, Dannemeyer, and Oxley.
08/11/1992-5:27pmHouseThe Speaker appointed additional conferees - from the Committee on Banking, Finance and Urban Affairs for consideration of secs. 113-14, 118, 126, 134, 136(d) and 146 of the Senate bill, and title IV of the House amendment, and modifications committed to conference: Oakar, Neal (NC), LaFalce, Torres, Kleczka, Kennedy, Wylie, Leach, Bereuter, and McCandless.
08/11/1992-5:27pmHouseThe Speaker appointed additional conferees - from the Committee on Armed Services for consideration of secs. 110, 131, 135, 137-38 of the Senate bill, and title V of the House amendment, and modifications committed to conference: Aspin, McCurdy, and Dickinson.
08/11/1992-5:27pmHouseThe Speaker appointed additional conferees - from the Committee on Agriculture for consideration of secs. 107, 116, 120, 148-49, 157, 403, and 405 of the Senate bill, and sec. 702 of the House amendment, and modifications committed to conference: de la Garza, Rose, Penny, Glickman, Coleman (MO), and Roberts.
08/11/1992-5:27pmHouseThe Speaker appointed additional conferees - from the Committee on Foreign Affairs for consideration of secs. 113-14, 118, 126, 134, 136(d) and 146 of the Senate bill, and title IV of the House amendment, and modifications committed to conference: Fascell, Hamilton, and Broomfield.
08/11/1992-5:27pmHouseThe Speaker appointed conferees from the Committee on Foreign Affairs, for consideration of the Senate bill (except secs. 113-14, 118, 126, 134, 136(d) and 146), and the House amendment (except title IV), and modifications committed to conference: Fascell, Hamilton, Solarz, Berman, Johnston, Engel, Broomfield, Gilman, Leach, and Bereuter.
08/11/1992-5:27pmHouseMotion to reconsider laid on the table Agreed to without objection.
08/11/1992-5:26pmHouseOn motion that the House instruct conferees Agreed to without objection.
08/11/1992-5:25pmHouseThe previous question was ordered without objection.
08/11/1992-5:25pmHouseDEBATE - The House proceeded with one hour of debate on the motion to instruct conferees on the part of the House to insist on title V of the House amendment, regarding nonproliferation and disarmament activities.
08/11/1992-5:25pmHouseMr. Broomfield moved that the House instruct conferees.
08/11/1992-5:25pmHouseMotion to reconsider laid on the table Agreed to without objection.
08/11/1992-5:24pmHouseMr. Fascell moved that the House insist upon its amendments, and request a conference.
08/11/1992-5:24pmHouseOn motion that the House insist upon its amendments, and request a conference Agreed to by voice vote.
08/06/1992-6:11pmHouseRule provides for consideration of H.R. 4547 with 2 hours of general debate. Previous question shall be considered as ordered without intervening motions except motion to recommit. All points of order against consideration of the bill shall be waived. General debate on the bill shall be allocated by the chairmen and ranking members of the following committees, for specified times: Foreign Affairs (30 minutes); Banking (30): Agriculture (20); Armed Services (20); Science, Space, and Technology (20). A specified amendment is in order. In lieu of the committee amendments now printed in the bill, it shall be in order to consider as an original bill an amendment in the nature of a substitute consisting of the text of the bill H.R. 5750. All points of order against the amendment shall be w aived, and no other amendment to the bill shall be in order. After passage of the bill, it shall be in order to take from the Speak...
08/06/1992-6:11pmHouseA similar measure H.R. 4547 was laid on the table without objection.
08/06/1992-6:11pmHouseThe title of the measure was amended to that of similar measure H.R. 4547. Agreed to without objection.
08/06/1992-6:11pmHouseMotion to reconsider laid on the table Agreed to without objection.
08/06/1992-6:11pmHouseOn passage Passed without objection.
08/06/1992-6:11pmHouseThe House struck all after the enacting clause and inserted in lieu thereof the provisions of a similar measure H.R. 4547. Agreed to without objection.
08/06/1992-6:10pmHouseConsidered under the provisions of rule H. Res. 545.
07/21/1992SenateMessage on Senate action sent to the House.
07/21/1992-12:53pmHouseHeld at the desk.
07/21/1992-12:03pmHouseReceived in the House.
07/02/1992SenatePassed Senate with amendments by Yea-Nay Vote. 76-20. Record Vote No: 148.
07/02/1992SenateSP2717 was modified by unanimous consent.
07/02/1992SenateS.Amdt.2717 SP2717 was modified by unanimous consent.
07/02/1992SenateS.Amdt.2728 Amendment SP 2728 agreed to in Senate by Voice Vote.
07/02/1992SenateS.Amdt.2728 Proposed by Senator Lugar for Senator Kasten. To insure fair treatment of United States companies doing business in the Republics of the former Soviet Union.
07/02/1992SenateS.Amdt.2727 Amendment SP 2727 agreed to in Senate by Voice Vote.
07/02/1992SenateS.Amdt.2727 Proposed by Senator Lugar for Senator Kasten. Regarding the progress of immigration reform in the Republic of the former Soviet Union.
07/02/1992SenateS.Amdt.2698 SP2698 was modified by unanimous consent.
07/02/1992SenateSP2698 was modified by unanimous consent.
07/02/1992SenateS.Amdt.2726 Motion to table SP 2726 agreed to in Senate by Yea-Nay Vote. 75-21. Record Vote No: 147.
07/02/1992SenateS.Amdt.2726 Proposed by Senator Specter. To provide that any international lending be required to be secured by certain export earnings.
07/02/1992SenateS.Amdt.2725 Amendment SP 2725 agreed to in Senate by Voice Vote.
07/02/1992SenateS.Amdt.2725 Proposed by Senator Lugar. To authorize the use of appropriated funds for the independent states of the former Soviet Union to provide support in addressing the nutritional needs of infants by providing processed baby food as part of any direct food assistance program.
07/02/1992SenateS.Amdt.2724 Amendment SP 2724 agreed to in Senate by Voice Vote.
07/02/1992SenateS.Amdt.2724 Proposed by Senator Lugar for Senator Mack. To urge the President to obtain commitments and facilitate the withdrawal of Russian military personnel from Cuba.
07/02/1992SenateS.Amdt.2723 Amendment SP 2723 agreed to in Senate by Voice Vote.
07/02/1992SenateS.Amdt.2723 Proposed by Senator Lugar for Senator Riegle. To require the Secretary of Agriculture to provide disaster assistance to eligible orchardists that planted trees for commercial purposes but lost the trees as a result of fire blight.
07/02/1992SenateS.Amdt.2722 Amendment SP 2722 agreed to in Senate by Voice Vote.
07/02/1992SenateS.Amdt.2722 Proposed by Senator Lugar for Senator McCain. To require the Secretary of Transportation to promulgate final regulations on airline computer reservation systems and slots at high density traffic airports.
07/02/1992SenateS.Amdt.2721 Amendment SP 2721 agreed to in Senate by Voice Vote.
07/02/1992SenateS.Amdt.2721 Proposed by Senator Lugar for Senator D'Amato. To express the sense of the Senate regarding assistance to Israel.
07/02/1992SenateS.Amdt.2720 Amendment SP 2720 agreed to in Senate by Voice Vote.
07/02/1992SenateS.Amdt.2720 Proposed by Senator Lugar for Senator Cranston. To extend legal training to the countries of Eastern Europe.
07/02/1992SenateS.Amdt.2719 Amendment SP 2719 agreed to in Senate by Voice Vote.
07/02/1992SenateS.Amdt.2719 Proposed by Senator Lugar for Senator Kasten. To provide for environmental protection in the Republics of the former Soviet Union.
07/02/1992SenateS.Amdt.2718 Amendment SP 2718 agreed to in Senate by Voice Vote.
07/02/1992SenateS.Amdt.2718 Proposed by Senator Lugar for Senator Dole. To improve the quality and availability of health care for citizens of the independent States of the former Soviet Union.
07/02/1992SenateS.Amdt.2717 Amendment SP 2717 agreed to in Senate by Voice Vote.
07/02/1992SenateS.Amdt.2717 Proposed by Senator Glenn. To apply existing procedures for the waiver of the prohibitions on assistance, and for other purposes.
07/02/1992SenateS.Amdt.2716 Amendment SP 2716 agreed to in Senate by Voice Vote.
07/02/1992SenateS.Amdt.2715 Amendment SP 2715 agreed to in Senate by Voice Vote.
07/02/1992SenateS.Amdt.2715 Proposed by Senator Domenici. To establish American Centers to promote commercial, professional, civic, and other partnerships between the people of the United States and the peoples of new independent States.
07/02/1992SenateS.Amdt.2714 Amendment SP 2714 agreed to in Senate by Voice Vote.
07/02/1992SenateS.Amdt.2716 Proposed by Senator Lugar. To establish safeguard against the proliferation of nuclear weapons, to promote nuclear reactor safety and to reduce the danger of nuclear accident.
07/02/1992SenateS.Amdt.2714 Proposed by Senator Graham. To provide for comprehensive planning and participation in international efforts to improve nuclear power plant safety.
07/02/1992SenateS.Amdt.2713 Amendment SP 2713 agreed to in Senate by Voice Vote.
07/02/1992SenateS.Amdt.2713 Proposed by Senator Wallop. To provide for improved safety of Soviet-designed nuclear power plants to enhance the operational safety and reduce the risk of a nuclear accident.
07/02/1992SenateS.Amdt.2712 Amendment SP 2712 agreed to in Senate by Voice Vote.
07/02/1992SenateS.Amdt.2712 Proposed by Senator Kasten. To strengthen "Buy American" provisions of law by limiting exceptions for procurement outside the United States.
07/02/1992SenateS.Amdt.2711 SP 2711 fell when SP 2709 tabled.
07/02/1992SenateS.Amdt.2709 Motion to table SP 2709 agreed to in Senate by Yea-Nay Vote. 64-32. Record Vote No: 146.
07/02/1992SenateS.Amdt.2711 Proposed by Senator Metzenbaum to Amendment SP 2709. To provide for programs that aid Americans.
07/02/1992SenateS.Amdt.2709 Proposed by Senator Riegle. To provide for programs that aid Americans.
07/02/1992SenateS.Amdt.2705 Amendment SP 2705 agreed to in Senate by Yea-Nay Vote. 96-0. Record Vote No: 143.
07/02/1992SenateS.Amdt.2703 Motion to table agreed to in Senate by Yea-Nay Vote. 77-20. Record Vote No: 142.
07/02/1992SenateS.Amdt.2705 Proposed by Senator Byrd. To provide for eligibility of the Baltic states for nonlethal defense articles.
07/02/1992SenateS.Amdt.2704 Amendment SP 2704 agreed to in Senate by Voice Vote.
07/02/1992SenateS.Amdt.2704 Proposed by Senator Kasten. To propose policy and staffing changes in the International Monetary Fund (IMF).
07/02/1992SenateS.Amdt.2700 Amendment agreed to in Senate by Yea-Nay Vote. 93-4. Record Vote No: 141.
07/02/1992SenateS.Amdt.2703 Proposed by Senator Brown. To limit the use of the United States quota increase for the International Monetary Fund to the United States proportionate share of funding for new IMF programs for the independent states of the former Soviet Union.
07/02/1992SenateS.Amdt.2702 Amendment SP 2702 as modified agreed to in Senate by Voice Vote.
07/02/1992SenateS.Amdt.2702 Proposed by Senator Brown. To ensure the development of a private banking sector and a secondary market that will speed the privatization of the economies of the states of the former Soviet Union.
07/02/1992SenateS.Amdt.2701 Amendment SP 2701 agreed to in Senate by Voice Vote.
07/02/1992SenateS.Amdt.2701 Proposed by Senator Brown. To express the Senate's intent to support the work of Junior Achievement to educate the youth of the newly independent states of the former Soviet Union in the ways of capitalism and free enterprise.
07/02/1992SenateS.Amdt.2700 Proposed by Senator Byrd. To express the sense of the Congress in opposition to the sale of the LTV Aerospace and Defense Company to a foreign person, and for other purposes.
07/02/1992SenateS.Amdt.2699 Amendment SP 2699 agreed to in Senate by Voice Vote.
07/02/1992SenateS.Amdt.2699 Proposed by Senator Simpson. Expressing the sense of the Congress that the President should take those actions necessary to minimize disruption to the international market in the event of sales from the independent states of the former Soviet Union of defense-related commercial grade uranium.
07/02/1992SenateS.Amdt.2698 Amendment SP 2698 agreed to in Senate by Voice Vote.
07/02/1992SenateS.Amdt.2698 Proposed by Senator Harkin. To establish American Agribusiness Centers in the independent states of the former Soviet Union and Baltic states, expand two-way exchanges among agribusiness practitioners and for other purposes.
07/02/1992SenateS.Amdt.2683 Amendment SP 2683 agreed to in Senate by Voice Vote.
07/02/1992SenateS.Amdt.2684 Amendment SP 2684 as modified agreed to in Senate by Voice Vote.
07/02/1992SenateS.Amdt.2681 Amendment SP 2681 agreed to in Senate by Voice Vote.
07/02/1992SenateS.Amdt.2697 Amendment SP 2697 as modified agreed to in Senate by Voice Vote.
07/02/1992SenateS.Amdt.2697 Proposed by Senator Kerrey to Amendment SP 2681. To finance an educational and business exchange program with the independent states of the former Soviet Union and the Baltic states.
07/02/1992SenateS.Amdt.2696 Amendment SP 2696 agreed to in Senate by Voice Vote.
07/02/1992SenateS.Amdt.2696 Proposed by Senator Pell for Senator Sarbanes. To provide that executive branch agencies should utilize the resources and expertise of existing United States educational facilities in Europe.
07/02/1992SenateS.Amdt.2695 Amendment SP 2695 agreed to in Senate by Voice Vote.
07/02/1992SenateS.Amdt.2695 Proposed by Senator Pell for Senator Lugar. To require a report on the feasibility of establishing a multilateral facility for insuring investments.
07/02/1992SenateS.Amdt.2694 Amendment SP 2694 agreed to in Senate by Voice Vote.
07/02/1992SenateS.Amdt.2694 Proposed by Senator Pell for Senator Lautenberg. To provide technical assistance to the former Soviet Union to promote the protection of intellectual property.
07/02/1992SenateS.Amdt.2693 Amendment SP 2693 agreed to in Senate by Voice Vote.
07/02/1992SenateS.Amdt.2693 Proposed by Senator Pell. To authorize appropriations to establish and operate additional American Business Centers.
07/02/1992SenateS.Amdt.2692 Amendment SP 2692 agreed to in Senate by Voice Vote.
07/02/1992SenateS.Amdt.2692 Proposed by Senator Pell for Senator Kerry. To authorize support for educational television programming for both children and adults with emphasis on teaching the fundamentals of a free market economy.
07/02/1992SenateS.Amdt.2691 Amendment SP 2691 agreed to in Senate by Voice Vote.
07/02/1992SenateS.Amdt.2691 Proposed by Senator Pell for Senator McConnell. Relating to the role of the International Finance Corporation.
07/02/1992SenateS.Amdt.2690 Amendment SP 2690 agreed to in Senate by Voice Vote.
07/02/1992SenateS.Amdt.2690 Proposed by Senator Pell for Senator Mitchell. To designate the law and business training program for graduate students from the former Soviet Union, Lithuania, Latvia, and Estonia as the "Edmund S. Muskie Fellowship Program".
07/02/1992SenateS.Amdt.2689 Amendment SP 2689 agreed to in Senate by Voice Vote.
07/02/1992SenateS.Amdt.2689 Proposed by Senator Pell for Senator Wirth. To authorize the use of funds to promote the health of women in the independent states of the former Soviet Union.
07/02/1992SenateS.Amdt.2688 Amendment SP 2688 agreed to in Senate by Voice Vote.
07/02/1992SenateS.Amdt.2688 Proposed by Senator Pell for Senator McConnell. To promote competitive opportunities for United States insurance companies.
07/02/1992SenateS.Amdt.2687 Amendment SP 2687 agreed to in Senate by Voice Vote.
07/02/1992SenateS.Amdt.2687 Proposed by Senator Pell for Senator Kennedy. Relative to the International Migration Fund for the former Soviet Union.
07/02/1992SenateS.Amdt.2686 Amendment SP 2686 agreed to in Senate by Voice Vote.
07/02/1992SenateS.Amdt.2686 Proposed by Senator Pell for Senator Kerry. Conditioning aid to Azerbaijan on that country's demonstrated steps to end blockades and other offensive actions against Armenia and Nagorno-Karabach.
07/02/1992SenateS.Amdt.2685 Amendment SP 2685 agreed to in Senate by Voice Vote.
07/02/1992SenateS.Amdt.2685 Proposed by Senator Pressler. Relating to U.S. policy regarding orderly and timely withdrawl of Russian or Commonwealth of Independent States troops from Lithuania, Latvia, and Estonia.
07/02/1992SenateS.Amdt.2684 Proposed by Senator Riegle to Amendment SP 2683. To provide for the extension of defense conversion programs.
07/02/1992SenateS.Amdt.2683 Proposed by Senator Dodd. To require that U.S. spending for domestic defense conversion programs is not less than spending for such programs in the former Soviet Republics.
07/02/1992SenateS.Amdt.2682 Amendment SP 2682 as modified agreed to in Senate by Voice Vote.
07/02/1992SenateS.Amdt.2682 Proposed by Senator Byrd. To promote development of capital projects involving coal-based technology.
07/02/1992SenateS.Amdt.2681 Proposed by Senator Bradley. To finance an educational and business exchange program with the independent states of the former Soviet Union and the Baltic states.
07/02/1992SenateS.Amdt.2680 Amendment SP 2680 agreed to in Senate by Voice Vote.
07/02/1992SenateS.Amdt.2678 Amendment as modified agreed to in Senate by Voice Vote.
07/02/1992SenateS.Amdt.2680 Proposed by Senator Gore. To prohibit assistance to public or private entities that withhold the property of United States nationals in violation of law.
07/02/1992SenateS.Amdt.2679 Amendment SP 2679 agreed to in Senate by Voice Vote.
07/02/1992SenateS.Amdt.2679 Proposed by Senator Lieberman. To authorize the establishment of a foundation to provide research and development opportunities for scientists and engineers of the former Soviet Union, and for other purposes.
07/02/1992SenateS.Amdt.2678 Proposed by Senator Lieberman. To assist business and commercial development in the former Soviet Union.
07/02/1992SenateConsidered by Senate.
07/01/1992SenateS.Amdt.2677 Amendment SP 2677 agreed to in Senate by Voice Vote.
07/01/1992SenateS.Amdt.2677 Proposed by Senator Gorton. To support the production of books for use in the educational systems of the independent states of the former Soviet Union.
07/01/1992SenateS.Amdt.2676 Amendment SP 2676 agreed to in Senate by Voice Vote.
07/01/1992SenateS.Amdt.2676 Proposed by Senator Mack. To provide assurances that nuclear fuel rods will not be provided to Cuba unless certain compliances are met.
07/01/1992SenateS.Amdt.2675 Amendment SP 2675 agreed to in Senate by Voice Vote.
07/01/1992SenateS.Amdt.2675 Proposed by Senator Baucus. To match any tied aid offers made by foreign countries to the former Soviet Union.
07/01/1992SenateS.Amdt.2672 Amendment agreed to in Senate by Voice Vote.
07/01/1992SenateS.Amdt.2674 Amendment SP 2674 agreed to in Senate by Voice Vote.
07/01/1992SenateS.Amdt.2673 Amendment SP 2673 agreed to in Senate by Voice Vote.
07/01/1992SenateS.Amdt.2674 Proposed by Senator Stevens. To encourage the placement of United States and Foreign Commercial Service Officers in the cities of Vladivostok and Khabarovsk to ensure adequate United States support for business development in the Russian Far East, and to establish a technical assistance center at an American university.
07/01/1992SenateS.Amdt.2673 Proposed by Senator Stevens. To clarify that fish and fish products are included as agricultural commodities.
07/01/1992SenateS.Amdt.2672 Proposed by Senator Baucus. To provide technical assistance to support environmental and health protection laws.
07/01/1992SenateS.Amdt.2669 Amendment SP 2669 agreed to in Senate by Voice Vote.
07/01/1992SenateS.Amdt.2668 Amendment SP 2668 agreed to in Senate by Voice Vote.
07/01/1992SenateS.Amdt.2671 Amendment SP 2671 agreed to in Senate by Voice Vote.
07/01/1992SenateS.Amdt.2671 Proposed by Senator Lugar for Senator Hatch. To provide technical assistance to promote the development of certain specified agricultural programs.
07/01/1992SenateS.Amdt.2670 Amendment SP 2670 agreed to in Senate by Voice Vote.
07/01/1992SenateS.Amdt.2670 Proposed by Senator Cranston. To provide for a report on the possible alternatives for the ultimate disposition of ex-Soviet special nuclear materials (SNM).
07/01/1992SenateS.Amdt.2669 Proposed by Senator Gramm. To establish stable currencies and promote free enterprise in the CIS countries.
07/01/1992SenateS.Amdt.2668 Proposed by Senator Gramm. To establish stable currencies and promote free enterprise in the CIS countries.
07/01/1992SenateS.Amdt.2667 Amendment SP 2667 agreed to in Senate by Voice Vote.
07/01/1992SenateS.Amdt.2667 Proposed by Senator Cochran. To authorize the use of a portion of international military education and training (IMET) assistance for training in economic security and development.
07/01/1992SenateS.Amdt.2664 Amendment SP 2664 agreed to in Senate by Yea-Nay Vote. 92-2. Record Vote No: 140.
07/01/1992SenateS.Amdt.2665 Amendment SP 2665 agreed to in Senate by Voice Vote.
07/01/1992SenateS.Amdt.2665 Motion to table rejected in Senate by Yea-Nay Vote. 35-60. Record Vote No: 139.
07/01/1992SenateS.Amdt.2665 Proposed by Senator Pell to Amendment SP 2664. In the nature of a substitute.
07/01/1992SenateS.Amdt.2664 Proposed by Senator DeConcini. To restrict assistance for Russia until its armed forces are removed from the Baltic states.
07/01/1992SenateS.Amdt.2663 Amendment SP 2663 agreed to in Senate by Voice Vote.
07/01/1992SenateS.Amdt.2663 Proposed by Senator D'Amato. To prohibit the use of funds from this act to pay for the indebtedness of republics of the former Soviet Union to international financial institutions.
07/01/1992SenateS.Amdt.2662 Amendment SP 2662 agreed to in Senate by Voice Vote.
07/01/1992SenateS.Amdt.2662 Proposed by Senator McConnell. To strike provisions of Public Law 102-138, Department of State Authorizations, 1992-93, regarding United States-Soviet Reciprocity concerning occupancy of new chancery buildings.
07/01/1992SenateS.Amdt.2661 Amendment SP 2661 agreed to in Senate by Voice Vote.
07/01/1992SenateS.Amdt.2661 Proposed by Senator McConnell for Senator Symms. To include the establishment of an efficient intermodal transportation system among the activities supported by the bill.
07/01/1992SenateS.Amdt.2660 Amendment SP 2660 agreed to in Senate by Voice Vote.
07/01/1992SenateS.Amdt.2660 Proposed by Senator McConnell. To promote drug education, interdiction and eradication programs.
07/01/1992SenateS.Amdt.2659 Amendment SP 2659 agreed to in Senate by Voice Vote.
07/01/1992SenateS.Amdt.2659 Proposed by Senator Pell for Senator Riegle. To support the independent states of the former Soviet Union in the issuance of independent currencies.
07/01/1992SenateS.Amdt.2658 Amendment SP 2658 agreed to in Senate by Voice Vote.
07/01/1992SenateS.Amdt.2658 Proposed by Senator Pressler. To support the independent states of the former Soviet Union in the issuance of independent currencies.
07/01/1992SenateS.Amdt.2657 Amendment agreed to in Senate by Voice Vote.
07/01/1992SenateS.Amdt.2657 Proposed by Senator Pressler. To express the sense of the Congress with respect to Russian involvement in Moldova.
07/01/1992SenateS.Amdt.2656 Amendment SP 2656 agreed to in Senate by Voice Vote.
07/01/1992SenateS.Amdt.2655 Amendment SP 2655 agreed to in Senate by Voice Vote.
07/01/1992SenateS.Amdt.2656 Proposed by Senator Exon. To require a report on the feasibility of using barter, countertrade and other self-liquidating finance methods to facilitate the strategic diversification of United States oil imports through cooperation with the former Soviet Union in the development of their energy resources.
07/01/1992SenateS.Amdt.2655 Proposed by Senator Lugar for Senator Burns. To support the use of telecommunications technologies in delivering educational and instructional programming to the independent states of the former Soviet Union.
07/01/1992SenateS.Amdt.2654 Amendment SP 2654 agreed to in Senate by Voice Vote.
07/01/1992SenateS.Amdt.2654 Proposed by Senator Warner to Amendment SP 2653. To attach conditions to the proposed program set forth in the Nunn amendment.
07/01/1992SenateS.Amdt.2653 Amendment SP 2653 as modified agreed to in Senate by Voice Vote.
07/01/1992SenateS.Amdt.2653 Proposed by Senator Nunn. To authorize additional steps to promote the demilitarization of the independent states of the former Soviet Union.
07/01/1992SenateS.Amdt.2652 Amendment SP 2652 agreed to in Senate by Voice Vote.
07/01/1992SenateS.Amdt.2652 Proposed by Senator Wellstone. To support the development of local and regional democratic institutions in the independent states of the former Soviet Union.
07/01/1992SenateS.Amdt.2651 Amendment SP 2651 agreed to in Senate by Voice Vote.
07/01/1992SenateS.Amdt.2651 Proposed by Senator Leahy. To provide assistance to support training for and preparation of American participants in assistance programs and related activites.
07/01/1992SenateS.Amdt.2650 Amendment SP 2650 agreed to in Senate by Voice Vote.
07/01/1992SenateS.Amdt.2650 Proposed by Senator Leahy. To exclude certain agricultural trade and assistance laws from the general waiver authority.
07/01/1992SenateS.Amdt.2649 Amendment SP 2649 agreed to in Senate by Voice Vote.
07/01/1992SenateS.Amdt.2649 Proposed by Senator Leahy. To make minor and technical amendments to the agricultural provisions of the committee amendment.
07/01/1992SenateS.Amdt.2648 Amendment SP 2648 agreed to in Senate by Yea-Nay Vote. 93-2. Record Vote No: 138.
07/01/1992SenateS.Amdt.2648 Proposed by Senator Leahy. To strike the provision related to the credit-worthiness requirement of the agricultural export credit guarantee program.
07/01/1992SenateS.Amdt.2647 Amendment SP 2647 agreed to in Senate by Voice Vote.
07/01/1992SenateS.Amdt.2647 Proposed by Senator Chafee. Adding a requirement that recipients of aid cooperate fully with the United States in uncovering evidence of the presence of living or deceased American prisoners of war from the Vietnam War, the Korean War, World War II, or other American operations under Soviet control.
07/01/1992SenateS.Amdt.2646 Amendment SP 2646 agreed to in Senate by Voice Vote.
07/01/1992SenateS.Amdt.2646 Proposed by Senator Pell. To authorize specific funding for programs of the act.
07/01/1992SenateConsidered by Senate.
06/29/1992SenateMeasure laid before Senate by unanimous consent.
06/02/1992SenatePlaced on Senate Legislative Calendar under General Orders. Calendar No. 476.
06/02/1992SenateCommittee on Foreign Relations. Reported to Senate by Senator Pell with an amendment. With written report No. 102-292. Additional views filed.
05/13/1992SenateCommittee on Foreign Relations. Ordered to be reported with an amendment favorably.
04/09/1992SenateCommittee on Foreign Relations. Hearings held. Hearings printed: S.Hrg. 102-736.
04/07/1992SenateRead twice and referred to the Committee on Foreign Relations.

Cosponsors (1)

* = Original cosponsor
CosponsorDate Cosponsored
Sen. Helms, Jesse [R-NC]* 04/07/1992

Committees (1)

Committees, subcommittees and links to reports associated with this bill are listed here, as well as the nature and date of committee activity and Congressional report number.

Committee / Subcommittee Date Activity Reports
Senate Foreign Relations04/07/1992 Referred to
04/09/1992 Hearings by
05/13/1992 Markup by
06/02/1992 Reported by S.Rept 102-292

A related bill may be a companion measure, an identical bill, a procedurally-related measure, or one with text similarities. Bill relationships are identified by the House, the Senate, or CRS, and refer only to same-congress measures.


Subjects (211)


Latest Summary (5)

There are 5 summaries for S.2532. View summaries

Shown Here:
Conference report filed in House (10/01/1992)

Freedom for Russia and Emerging Eurasian Democracies and Open Markets Support Act of 1992 or FREEDOM Support Act - Title I: General Provisions - Directs the President to designate a coordinator within the Department of State to be responsible for coordinating assistance to the independent states of the former Soviet Union (excluding Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania). Requires the coordinator to report to the Congress on the overall assistance and economic cooperation strategy for the independent states.

Title II: Bilateral Economic Assistance Activities - Amends the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 to authorize the President to provide assistance to the independent states for the following activities: (1) meeting urgent humanitarian needs; (2) establishing a democratic and free society; (3) creating private enterprise and free market systems based on the principle of private ownership of property; (4) promoting trade and investment; (5) promoting market-based mechanisms for food distribution and encouraging policies that provide support for the agricultural sector; (6) promoting programs to strengthen quality health care and voluntary family planning, housing, and other components of a social safety net; (7) promoting educational reform; (8) promoting energy efficiency and production; (9) implementing civilian nuclear reactor safety programs; (10) enhancing the human and natural environment and conserving environmental resources; (11) improving transportation and telecommunications infrastructure and management; (12) promoting drug education, interdiction, and eradication programs; and (13) protecting and caring for refugees, displaced persons, and migrants.

Requires the President, in providing such assistance, to take into account the extent to which the state is: (1) making progress toward, and is committed to, the implementation of a democratic system and economic reform based on market principles; (2) respecting human rights; (3) respecting international law and obligations and adhering to the Helsinki Final Act of the Conference on Security and Cooperation in Europe and the Charter of Paris; (4) cooperating in seeking peaceful resolution of ethnic and regional conflicts; (5) implementing responsible security policies; (6) taking actions to protect the international environment; (7) denying support for terrorism; (8) accepting responsibility for paying a portion of debt to U.S. firms incurred by the former Soviet Union; (9) cooperating in uncovering evidence regarding American prisoners of war or missing in action who were detained in the former Soviet Union during the Cold War; and (10) terminating support for Cuba.

Prohibits assistance to the government of any state which: (1) engages in a consistent pattern of human rights violations; (2) has failed to facilitate the implementation of arms control obligations derived from agreements signed by the former Soviet Union; (3) has knowingly transferred to another country missiles or missile technology inconsistent with the Missile Technology Control Regime or materials, equipment, or technology that would contribute to such country's ability to manufacture weapons of mass destruction; or (4) is prohibited from receiving assistance under specified provisions of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 and the Chemical and Biological Weapons Control and Warfare Elimination Act of 1991. Bars assistance to Russia if it has failed to make progress on the removal of troops from Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania or has failed to undertake good faith efforts to end other military practices that violate the sovereignty of the Baltic States.

Waives such prohibitions, other than the prohibition on assistance to states barred from receiving assistance under the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 and the Chemical and Biological Weapons Control and Warfare Elimination Act of 1991, if such assistance: (1) is in the national interest; (2) will foster respect for human rights and democracy; or (3) is furnished for the alleviation of suffering.

Authorizes the use of economic support fund assistance and the use of funds and authorities under the Support for East European Democracy (SEED) Act of 1989 for assistance under this title.

Permits funds under this title to be used for procurement in the United States, the independent states, or a developing country or in any other country, subject to conditions of availability, emergency, or the promotion of efficiency in the use of such assistance.

Authorizes appropriations.

Prohibits any governmental entity of an independent state from being eligible to receive assistance (except for humanitarian assistance) under this title if: (1) there is outstanding a final judgment by a court of competent jurisdiction within the state that such entity is withholding books or other documents of religious or historical significance that are the property of U.S. persons; and (2) the Secretary of State determines that execution of the court's judgment is blocked as the result of extrajudicial causes. Waives such prohibition of the court's judgment has been executed or it is important to national interests.

Title III: Business and Commercial Development - Encourages the President to establish American Business Centers in the independent states where the President determines that such Centers can be cost-effective in promoting the objectives of title II and U.S. economic interests and in establishing commercial partnerships between the United States and the independent states.

Requires the Agency for International Development (AID) to conclude a reimbursement agreement with the Secretary of Commerce for the Department of Commerce's services in operating the Centers.

Earmarks an amount from funding made available under title II for the Centers.

Authorizes the President to establish the Independent States Business and Agriculture Advisory Council to: (1) advise the President regarding assistance programs for the independent states; and (2) evaluate the adequacy of bilateral and multilateral assistance programs that would facilitate exports and investments by U.S. companies in the independent states.

Encourages the President to use a portion of funds made available under title II to fund export promotion and related activities and capital projects.

Declares that the Secretary of Commerce should implement programs to provide commercial and technical assistance to U.S. businesses seeking markets in the independent states.

States that the Trade Promotion Coordinating Committee should utilize its interagency working group on energy to assist U.S. energy sector companies to develop a long-term strategy for penetrating the energy market in the independent states.

Requires the Secretary of the Commerce to report annually to the Congress on: (1) implementation of this title; (2) programs of other industrialized nations to assist their companies with efforts to transact business in the independent states; and (3) trading practices of Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development nations and pricing practices of the independent states that may be disadvantageous to U.S. companies.

Declares that the President should give priority attention to combatting tied aid practices if the Secretary of the Treasury determines that foreign countries are engaged in such practices with respect to any of the independent states.

Authorizes the President to provide technical assistance, through an American university in a region which received nonstop] air service to and from the Russian Far East as of July 1, 1992, to facilitate the development of U.S. business opportunities, free markets, and democratic institutions in the Russian Far East. Authorizes appropriations.

Makes funds under title II available for Overseas Private Investment Corporation programs in the independent states.

Title IV: The Democracy Corps - Authorizes the President to provide for the establishment of a Democracy Corps, a private, nonprofit corporation, to maintain a presence in the independent states. Authorizes the AID Administrator to make an annual grant to the Democracy Corps. Requires the grant to enable the Corps to assist at the local level in the development of: (1) institutions of democratic governance; and (2) nongovernmental organizations of a civil society. Directs the Corps to carry out its activities through the placement of teams of U.S. citizens with appropriate expertise in the independent states to: (1) provide advice and technical assistance; (2) make small grants to assist in the development of such institutions and organizations; (3) identify other sources of assistance; and (4) operate local centers to serve as information and educational centers and to encourage those involved in the development of democratic institutions, market-oriented economies, and civil societies.

Prohibits the use of funds for the Corps or any grant from the Corps to finance the campaigns of candidates for public office.

Earmarks an amount from funding made available under title II for the Corps.

Title V: Nonproliferation and Disarmament Programs and Activities - Permits nonproliferation assistance to be obligated for an independent state only if the President has certified to the Congress that such independent state is committed to: (1) making a substantial investment of its resources for dismantling or destroying weapons of mass destruction if obligated to do so under an agreement; (2) forgoing any military modernization program that exceeds legitimate defense requirements and forgoing the replacement of destroyed weapons of mass destruction; (3) forgoing any use in new nuclear weapons of components of destroyed nuclear weapons; and (4) facilitating U.S. verification of weapons destruction carried out under this Act or the Soviet Nuclear Threat Reduction Act of 1991.

Authorizes the President to promote nonproliferation and disarmament activities by: (1) supporting the dismantlement and destruction of nuclear, biological, and chemical weapons, their delivery systems, and conventional weapons of the independent states; (2) supporting efforts to halt the proliferation of such weapons, systems, and related technologies; (3) establishing programs for safeguarding against the proliferation of such weapons; (4) establishing programs for preventing diversion of weapons-related scientific and technical expertise of the independent states to terrorist groups or third countries; (5) establishing science and technology centers in the independent states for purposes of engaging weapons scientists and engineers in productive, nonmilitary undertakings; and (6) establishing programs for facilitating the conversion of military technologies and capabilities and defense industries of the former Soviet Union into civilian activities.

Makes funds available for such activities. Bars the obligation of such funds unless FY 1993 expenditures are counted against the defense category of the discretionary spending limits for purposes of the Balanced Budget and Emergency Deficit Control Act of 1985. Authorizes the use of security assistance funds for such activities.

Prohibits the obligation of funds for the conversion of military technologies and capabilities and defense industries of the former Soviet Union unless the President has previously obligated an amount equal to such sums in the same fiscal year for defense conversion and transition activities in the United States.

Amends the Soviet Nuclear Threat Reduction Act of 1991 to increase the amount of funds that may be transferred from Department of Defense accounts for use in reducing the Soviet military threat. Makes such amendment inapplicable if the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1993 enacts a similar amendment.

Authorizes the Secretary of Defense to provide assistance to support international nonproliferation activities. Bars the obligation of such funds unless the expenditures will be counted against the defense category of discretionary spending limits for FY 1993 pursuant to the Balanced Budget and Emergency Deficit Control Act of 1985. Prohibits the furnishing of assistance unless the Secretary certifies to the Congress that the assistance: (1) is in the national security interest; and (2) will not adversely affect the military preparedness of the United States.

Limits the amount of such assistance and the amount to be provided for the On-Site Inspection Agency in support of the United Nations Special Commission on Iraq. Makes international nonproliferation authorities of this Act inapplicable if the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1993 enacts the same authorities.

Directs the Secretary of State to report to the Congress on possible alternatives for the ultimate disposition of special nuclear materials of the former Soviet Union.

Authorizes the Director of the National Science Foundation to establish an endowed, nongovernmental, nonprofit foundation to: (1) promote and support joint research and development projects for peaceful purposes between scientists and engineers in the United States and the independent states on subjects of mutual interest; and (2) seek to establish joint nondefense industrial research, development, and demonstration activities through private sector linkages which may involve participation by scientists and engineers in the university or academic sectors.

Makes funds appropriated under the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1993 (to the extent available) available for the establishment of the endowment.

Requires an independent state, as a condition of participation in the foundation, to make a minimum contribution to the endowment which shall reflect its ability to make a financial contribution and its expected level of participation in the foundation's programs. Authorizes local currencies generated by U.S. assistance programs to be made available to the foundation.

Title VI: Space Trade and Cooperation - Requires any request for a license or other approval described under this title that is submitted to a U.S. Government agency by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), its contractors, or any other person to be considered on an expedited basis by that agency. Provides for notification of designated congressional committees if an agency denies a request. Applies this title to requests for licenses or approval necessary to conduct discussions with an independent state with respect to the possible acquisition of space hardware, space technology, or space service for integration into U.S. space projects that have been approved by the Congress or commercial space ventures.

Encourages the Office of Space Commerce of the Department of Commerce to conduct trade missions to appropriate independent states to familiarize U.S. aerospace industry representatives with space hardware, technologies, and services that may be available from the independent states and with the business practices and business climate of such states.

Directs the Office of Space Commerce to: (1) monitor the progress of discussions being carried out with the independent states for the acquisition of space hardware, technology, or service for integration into U.S. space projects; and (2) advise the NASA Administrator of the impact on U.S. industry of each potential acquisition of such hardware, technology, or services from the independent states, including any anticompetitive issues the Office may observe.

Title VII: Agricultural Trade - Amends the Food Security Act of 1985 to waive the annual tonnage limitation with respect to commodities furnished from stocks of the Commodity Credit Corporation (Corporation) during FY 1993 to the independent states. Permits the Corporation to make commodities available on grant or credit terms to such states.

Encourages the President to make funds available to assist private voluntary organizations and cooperatives in carrying out food assistance programs for the independent states.

Expresses the sense of the Congress that the President should encourage the involvement of multinational organizations to monitor the transport and distribution of food aid within the independent states.

Amends the Food, Agriculture, Conservation, and Trade Act of 1990 to make the independent states eligible for an agricultural fellowship program. Authorizes fellowships to private agricultural producers under such program.

Amends the Agricultural Development and Trade Act of 1990 to authorize direct credits with respect to the promotion of agricultural exports to emerging democracies. Permits export credit guarantees under such Act to be available for the establishment or improvement of facilities or the provision of services or U.S. goods in emerging democracies by U.S. persons if such guarantees will promote the export of U.S. agricultural commodities.

Amends the Agricultural Trade Act of 1978 to exempt the independent states from conditions on export financing of, and export credit guarantees with respect to, agricultural commodities by the Corporation that require the development of the importing country as a foreign market on a long-term basis or the improvement of the capability of the country to use such commodities on a long-term basis.

Authorizes the Corporation to use such financing and guarantees to assist emerging democracies that have committed to carry out policies that promote economic freedom, private domestic production of food commodities for domestic consumption, and the expansion of domestic markets for the purchase and sale of such commodities.

Prohibits the Corporation from making export sales financing available in connection with sales of an agricultural commodity to any country that cannot adequately service the debt associated with the sale.

Directs the Corporation to ensure that at least 35 percent of the total amount of credit guarantees issued in connection with sales to the independent states under the export credit guarantee program (and 25 percent of the funds expended under the export enhancement program) in a fiscal year are issued (or expended) to promote the export of processed and high-value agricultural products, with the balance issued (or expended) to promote the export of bulk or raw agricultural commodities.

Makes such percentage requirements inapplicable only if the percentage of the total amount of: (1) credit guarantees issued in a fiscal year to promote the export of such products to all countries is less than 25 percent; and (2) funds expended and the value of commodities made available in a fiscal year to promote such exports to all countries is less than 15 percent.

Title VIII: United States Information Agency, Department of State, and Related Agencies and Activities - Amends the Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 1992 and 1993 to designate a specified law and business training program for students from the independent states and the Baltic States as the Edmund S. Muskie Fellowship Program.

Repeals provisions of such Act relating to the Soviet embassy in Washington, D.C.

Amends the Omnibus Diplomatic Security and Anti-Terrorism Act of 1986 to require at least 15 Fascell fellowships (for temporary service at U.S. missions abroad) to be provided during FY 1993.

Considers the International Development Law Institute to be a public international organization for purposes of the International Organizations Immunities Act.

Authorizes appropriations for FY 1993 for exchanges with the independent states. Permits the Director of the U.S. Information Agency (USIA) to use funds to provide technical assistance in local and regional self-government to the independent states.

Authorizes appropriations for FY 1993 for the Fulbright Academic Exchange Programs and other programs administered by the Bureau of Educational and Cultural Affairs.

Repeals a provision of the Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 1992 and 1993 which provides for an Eastern Europe Student Exchange Endowment Fund.

Authorizes the President to establish regional agribusiness offices at State universities and land grant colleges for purposes of expanding exchanges between agribusiness practitioners in the United States and the independent states. Bars the use of funds authorized to be appropriated by this Act for such program.

Title IX: Other Provisions - Amends the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 to remove Czechoslovakia, Estonia, East Germany, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Albania, Bulgaria, Poland, Yugoslavia, Romania, and the Soviet Union from the list of Communist countries to which assistance is prohibited.

Makes a provision of the Federal criminal code that prescribes penalties for financial transactions with foreign governments in default on obligations to the United States inapplicable with respect to obligations of the former Soviet Union.

Amends the SEED Act of 1989 to authorize the President to conduct SEED activities in any East European country similar to those being conducted in Hungary and Poland (with specified exceptions).

Authorizes the President to furnish administration of justice assistance to East European countries under the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961.

Includes Albania, Bulgaria, the Czech and Slovak Republic, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Romania, and states that were once part of Yugoslavia in the definition of "East European countries" for purposes of the SEED Act.

Amends the Foreign Operations, Export Financing, and Related Programs Appropriations Act, 1990 to extend certain provisions granting refugee status or permanent residence to nationals of the independent states, Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania.

Prohibits U.S. assistance under this Act (other than title V) or any other Act to the Government of Azerbaijan until the President reports to the Congress that such government is taking steps to cease all blockades and uses of force against Armenia and Nagorno-Karabakh.

Title X: International Financial Institutions - Amends the Bretton Woods Agreements Act to authorize: (1) the U.S. Governor of the International Monetary Fund (IMF) to consent to an increase in the U.S. quota of the IMF and to the amendments to the Articles of Agreement of the IMF approved in resolution 45-3 of the Board of Governors; and (2) the U.S. Executive Director of the IMF to approve a pledge to sell gold to restore the resources of the Enhanced Structural Adjustment Facility Trust.

Directs the Secretary of the Treasury to instruct the U.S. Executive Director of the IMF to promote the following proposals: (1) considerations of poverty alleviation and reduction of barriers to economic and social progress in all IMF programs; (2) audits to review policy prescriptions in the areas of poverty and the environment; (3) economic reform programs that increase the productive participation of the poor in the economy; and (4) public access to information.

Requires the Secretary to instruct the U.S. Executive Director of the IMF to urge the IMF to explore ways to increase the participation of representatives from the loan-recipient country in the development of IMF programs.

Directs the U.S. Executive Director of the IMF to urge the IMF to: (1) develop an economic methodology to measure the level of military spending by each developing country; (2) provide the Executive Board of the IMF with annual reports estimating the level of such spending by such countries; and (3) include an analysis of the level of such spending in every Article IV consultation with a developing country.

Supports U.S. participation in a currency stabilization fund for the independent states.

Requires the Secretary to instruct the U.S. Executive Director of the IMF to urge the IMF to study the need for, and feasibility of, a currency stabilization fund for Ukraine and make recommendations with respect to the economic and policy conditions required for the success of such a fund.

Amends the International Finance Corporation Act to authorize the U.S. Governor of the Corporation to: (1) vote for any increase in capital stock needed to accommodate the requirements of the independent states; and (2) agree to amendments to the Corporation's Articles of Agreement to increase the votes by which the capital stock may be increased and by which the Articles of Agreement may be amended.

Requires the Secretary to report to the Congress on the debt incurred by the former Soviet Union held by commercial financial institutions outside the independent states that are obligated on such debt.

Amends the International Financial Institutions Act to add the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development and the IMF to the list of institutions through which the United States shall advance human rights.

Directs the Secretary to instruct the U.S. Executive Directors of international financial institutions, in assessing human rights, to consider, in relation to assistance to Russia and the other independent states, the responsiveness of such governments to providing a substantial accounting of Americans missing in action.

Requires the U.S. Director of the Multilateral Investment Guarantee Agency to report to the Congress on: (1) the investments in the independent states of the former Soviet Union guaranteed by the Agency; and (2) the demand for investment guarantees of the type provided by the Agency for investments in the independent states.