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Titles Actions Overview All Actions Cosponsors Committees Related Bills Subjects Latest Summary All Summaries

Titles (7)

Popular Titles

High Performance Computing Act bill (Identified by CRS)

Short Titles

Short Titles as Enacted

High-Performance Computing Act of 1991

Short Titles - House of Representatives

Short Titles as Passed House

High-Performance Computing Act of 1991

Short Titles - Senate

Short Titles as Reported to Senate

High-Performance Computing Act of 1991

Short Titles as Introduced

High-Performance Computing Act of 1991

Official Titles

Official Titles - Senate

Official Titles as Amended by Senate

An Act to provide for a coordinated Federal program to ensure continued United States leadership in high-performance computing, and for other purposes.

Official Titles as Introduced

A bill to provide for a coordinated Federal research program to ensure continued United States leadership in high-performance computing.


Actions Overview (8)

Date
12/09/1991Became Public Law No: 102-194.
12/09/1991Signed by President.
11/27/1991Presented to President.
11/22/1991Resolving differences -- Senate actions: Senate agreed to the House amendments by Voice Vote.
11/20/1991Passed/agreed to in House: On passage Passed without objection.
09/11/1991Passed/agreed to in Senate: Passed Senate with an amendment and an amendment to the Title by Voice Vote.
05/16/1991Committee on Commerce. Reported to Senate by Senator Hollings with an amendment in the nature of a substitute and an amendment to the title. With written report No. 102-57.
01/24/1991Introduced in Senate

All Actions (27)

Date Chamber
12/09/1991Became Public Law No: 102-194.
12/09/1991Signed by President.
11/27/1991SenatePresented to President.
11/27/1991SenateMeasure Signed in Senate.
11/23/1991SenateMessage on Senate action sent to the House.
11/22/1991SenateSenate agreed to the House amendments by Voice Vote.
11/20/1991SenateMessage on House action received in Senate and held at desk: House amendments to Senate bill.
11/20/1991-5:50pmHouseMotion to reconsider laid on the table Agreed to without objection.
11/20/1991-5:50pmHouseThe title of the measure was amended. Agreed to without objection.
11/20/1991-5:50pmHouseOn passage Passed without objection.
11/20/1991-5:49pmHouseH.Amdt.414 On agreeing to the Brown amendment (A001) Agreed to without objection.
11/20/1991-5:49pmHouseH.Amdt.414 Amendment (A001) in the nature of a substitute offered by Mr. Brown.
11/20/1991-5:44pmHouseConsidered by unanimous consent.
11/20/1991-5:38pmHouseMr. Brown asked unanimous consent to take from the Speaker's table and consider.
09/12/1991-5:18pmHouseHeld at the desk.
09/12/1991SenateMessage on Senate action sent to the House.
09/12/1991-12:29pmHouseReceived in the House.
09/11/1991SenatePassed Senate with an amendment and an amendment to the Title by Voice Vote.
09/11/1991SenateThe committee substitute as amended agreed to by Voice Vote.
09/11/1991SenateS.Amdt.1104 Amendment SP 1104 agreed to in Senate by Voice Vote.
09/11/1991SenateS.Amdt.1104 Proposed by Senator Gore. In the nature of a substitute, creating the "High Performance Computing and National Research and Education Network Act of 1991".
09/11/1991SenateMeasure laid before Senate by unanimous consent.
05/16/1991SenatePlaced on Senate Legislative Calendar under General Orders. Calendar No. 87.
05/16/1991SenateCommittee on Commerce. Reported to Senate by Senator Hollings with an amendment in the nature of a substitute and an amendment to the title. With written report No. 102-57.
03/19/1991SenateCommittee on Commerce. Ordered to be reported with an amendment in the nature of a substitute favorably.
03/05/1991SenateSubcommittee on Science, Technology, and Space. Hearings held. Hearings printed: S.Hrg. 102-23.
Action By: Senate Commerce, Science, and Transportation Subcommittee on Science, Technology, and Space
01/24/1991SenateRead twice and referred to the Committee on Commerce.

Committees (1)

Committees, subcommittees and links to reports associated with this bill are listed here, as well as the nature and date of committee activity and Congressional report number.

Committee / Subcommittee Date Activity Reports
Senate Commerce, Science, and Transportation01/24/1991 Referred to
03/19/1991 Markup by
05/16/1991 Reported by S.Rept 102-57
Senate Commerce, Science, and Transportation Subcommittee on Science, Technology, and Space03/05/1991 Hearings by

A related bill may be a companion measure, an identical bill, a procedurally-related measure, or one with text similarities. Bill relationships are identified by the House, the Senate, or CRS, and refer only to same-congress measures.


Latest Summary (3)

There are 3 summaries for S.272. View summaries

Shown Here:
Passed House amended (11/20/1991)

High-Performance Computing Act of 1991 - Title I: High-Performance Computing and the National Research and Education Network - Directs the President to implement the National High-Performance Computing Program.

Sets forth Program requirements, including: (1) setting goals and priorities for Federal high-performance computing research, development, and networking; (2) providing for interagency coordination; (3) providing for oversight of the operation and evolution of the National Research and Education Network provided for in this Act; (4) improving software; (5) acceleration of high-performance computer system development; (6) technical support and research and development of software and hardware needed to address fundamental problems in science and engineering (Grand Challenges); (7) educating undergraduate and graduate students; and (8) providing for security.

Establishes an advisory committee on high-performance computing.

Requires identifying Program elements in the annual budget requests for each Federal agency and department participating in the Program.

Requires participating agencies to support the establishment of the National Research and Education Network, to link research and educational institutions, government, and industry in every State.

Sets forth Network requirements, including: (1) fostering and maintaining competition and private sector investment in high-speed data networking within the telecommunications industry; (2) promoting the development of commercial data communications and telecommunications standards; (3) providing security, including protecting intellectual property rights; (4) developing accounting mechanisms allowing users to be charged for the use of copyrighted materials; and (5) purchasing standard commercial transmission and network services from vendors whenever feasible.

Requires the Department of Defense, through the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency, to support research and development of advanced fiber optics technology, switches, and protocols for the Network.

Requires the Director to coordinate agency and department activities to promote the development of information services that could be provided over the Network.

Authorizes all Federal agencies and departments to allow Federal research grant recipients to use grant monies to pay for computer networking expenses.

Mandates a report to the Congress on Network funding, including user fees, industry support, and Federal investment.

Title II: Agency Activities - Requires the National Science Foundation (NSF) to: (1) provide computing and networking infrastructure support for all science and engineering disciplines and support basic research and human resource development in high-performance computing and advanced high-speed computer networking; (2) have primary responsibility for assisting colleges, universities, and libraries to connect to the Network, to the extent that they cannot do so with the help of the private sector; (3) serve as the primary source of information on access to and use of the Network; and (4) upgrade the NSF funded network, assist regional networks to upgrade, and provide Federal departments and agencies the opportunity to connect to the NSF funded network. Authorizes appropriations.

Requires the National Aeronautics and Space Administration to conduct basic and applied research in high-performance computing, particularly in computational science, with emphasis on aerospace sciences, earth and space sciences, and remote exploration and experimentation. Authorizes appropriations.

Directs the Secretary of Energy to: (1) perform research and development on and evaluation of high-performance computing and communications systems; (2) conduct computational research with emphasis on energy applications; (3) support basic research, education, and human resources in computational science; (4) provide for networking infrastructure support for energy-related mission activities; and (5) establish High-Performance Computing Research and Development Collaborative Consortia. Sets forth requirements for the Consortia. Authorizes appropriations.

Requires NIST to: (1) conduct basic and applied measurement research to support high-performance computing systems and networks; (2) develop standards, guidelines, measurement techniques, and test methods for interoperability of high-performance computers in networks and common user interfaces to systems; and (3) develop benchmark tests and standards for high-performance computers and software.

Requires the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) to conduct basic and applied research in weather prediction and ocean sciences.

Makes NIST responsible for developing and proposing standards and guidelines for the cost-effective security and privacy of sensitive information in Federal computer systems.

Directs the Secretary of Commerce to conduct a study regarding Federal procurement regulations and software development.

Authorizes appropriations for NIST and NOAA.

Requires the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) to conduct basic and applied research on computational techniques and software tools which form the core of ecosystem, atmospheric chemistry, and atmospheric dynamics models. Authorizes appropriations from sums otherwise authorized to be appropriated for the EPA.

Authorizes the Secretary of Education to conduct basic and applied research in computational research. Authorizes appropriations from sums otherwise authorized to be appropriated.

Declares that, except to the extent the appropriate Federal agency or department head determines applicable, the provisions of this Act shall not apply to computer systems that process classified information or are used in connection with certain defense purposes.

Allows participating Federal agencies and departments, in accordance with Federal contracting law, to require prototype and early production models of new high-performance computing systems to stimulate hardware and software development.

Mandates a report to the Congress: (1) annually on any grant, contract, cooperative agreement, or cooperative research and development agreement under the Program involving foreign entities or foreign procurement; and (2) on the revised "Procedures to Introduce Supercomputers" and the accompanying letters between the United States and Japan, commonly referred to as the "Supercomputer Agreement."