There is one summary for this bill. Bill summaries are authored by CRS.

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Introduced in Senate (10/08/1992)

National Child Protection Act of 1992 - Establishes a national criminal background check system to which a designated criminal justice agency in each State is required to report or index child abuse crime information, for purposes of background checks of child care providers.

Directs the Attorney General to establish: (1) guidelines for the reporting or indexing of such information; and (2) timetables for each State to provide such information to such system (with a three-year deadline for all States to be reporting at a specified level of currency).

Requires State agencies to maintain close liaison for the exchange of technical assistance in cases of child abuse with the National Centers: (1) on Child Abuse and Neglect; (2) for Missing and Exploited Children; and (3) for the Prosecution of Child Abuse.

Directs the Attorney General to publish annually: (1) a statistical summary of the child abuse crime information reported under this Act; and (2) a summary of each State's progress in reporting child abuse crime information to the national criminal background check system.

Requires the Administrator of the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention to conduct a study to determine various factors relating to potential child abuse crimes and offenders, based on a statistically significant sample of convicted child abuse offenders and other relevant information. Requires a report on such study to be submitted to specified congressional committee officials.

Provides for background check procedures. Allows entities that provide child care or child care placement services (including businesses or organizations that license or certify others to provide such services) to request State agencies to review State and Federal records through the national system to determine if a child care provider is under indictment for, or has been convicted of, a background check crime.

Directs the Attorney General to establish guidelines for such State background check procedures, permitting equivalent procedures under specified conditions. Authorizes the Attorney General to prescribe by regulation any other measures necessary to carry out this Act. Directs the Attorney General to encourage use of the best technology available in conducting background checks.

Amends the Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act of 1968 to provide for use of certain formula grants to improve State record systems and the sharing of records of child abuse crime information to implement this Act.

Directs the Attorney General to make additional grants to States to improve specified aspects of the child abuse crime information system, subject to appropriations and with preference to States having the lowest percent currency of case dispositions in computerized criminal history files. Authorizes appropriations for such additional grants.

Authorizes the Attorney General, beginning one year after enactment of this Act, to reduce by up to ten percent the allocation to a State for a fiscal year under title I of the Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act of 1968 if the State is not in compliance with the child abuse crime information timetable established for it under this Act.