S.798 - Freedom of Access to Clinic Entrances Act of 1991102nd Congress (1991-1992)
|Sponsor:||Sen. Cranston, Alan [D-CA] (Introduced 04/11/1991)|
|Committees:||Senate - Judiciary|
|Latest Action:||Senate - 05/06/1991 Referred to Subcommittee on Constitution. (All Actions)|
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Text: S.798 — 102nd Congress (1991-1992)All Information (Except Text)
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Introduced in Senate
S 798 IS 102d CONGRESS 1st Session S. 798 To amend title 18, United States Code, to provide a criminal penalty for interfering with access to and egress from a medical facility. IN THE SENATE OF THE UNITED STATES APRIL 11 (legislative day, APRIL 9), 1991 Mr. CRANSTON (for himself, Mr. PACKWOOD, and Mr. ADAMS) introduced the following bill; which was read twice and referred to the Committee on the Judiciary A BILL To amend title 18, United States Code, to provide a criminal penalty for interfering with access to and egress from a medical facility. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE. This Act may be cited as the `Freedom of Access to Clinic Entrances Act of 1991'. SEC. 2. TITLE 18 AMENDMENT. (a) OFFENSE- Chapter 13 of title 18, United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following: ` 248. Interference with access to or egress from a medical facility `(a) Whoever, other than an agent of a medical facility or a law enforcement officer acting within the scope of such officer's official authority, intentionally prevents an individual from entering or exiting that medical facility by physically-- `(1) detaining the individual; or `(2) obstructing, impeding, or hindering the individual's passage, shall be fined under this title or imprisoned not more than 3 years, or both. `(b) Any person aggrieved by a violation of this section may in a civil action under this title obtain appropriate relief (including injunctive relief), and shall be awarded a reasonable attorney's fee as a part of the costs. `(c) As used in this section-- `(1) the term `physically' does not include speech; and `(2) the term `medical facility' includes a hospital, clinic, physician's office, or other facility which provides health or surgical services.'. (b) CLERICAL AMENDMENT- The table of sections at the beginning of chapter 13 of title 18, United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new item: `248. Interference with access to or egress from a medical facility.'.