Text: S.798 — 102nd Congress (1991-1992)All Information (Except Text)

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S 798 IS
102d CONGRESS
1st Session
 S. 798
To amend title 18, United States Code, to provide a criminal penalty for
interfering with access to and egress from a medical facility.
IN THE SENATE OF THE UNITED STATES
APRIL 11 (legislative day, APRIL 9), 1991
Mr. CRANSTON (for himself, Mr. PACKWOOD, and Mr. ADAMS) introduced the
following bill; which was read twice and referred to the Committee on the
Judiciary
A BILL
To amend title 18, United States Code, to provide a criminal penalty for
interfering with access to and egress from a medical facility.
  Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United
  States of America in Congress assembled,
SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE.
  This Act may be cited as the `Freedom of Access to Clinic Entrances Act
  of 1991'.
SEC. 2. TITLE 18 AMENDMENT.
  (a) OFFENSE- Chapter 13 of title 18, United States Code, is amended by
  adding at the end the following:
` 248. Interference with access to or egress from a medical facility
  `(a) Whoever, other than an agent of a medical facility or a law enforcement
  officer acting within the scope of such officer's official authority,
  intentionally prevents an individual from entering or exiting that medical
  facility by physically--
  `(1) detaining the individual; or
  `(2) obstructing, impeding, or hindering the individual's passage,
shall be fined under this title or imprisoned not more than 3 years, or both.
  `(b) Any person aggrieved by a violation of this section may in a civil
  action under this title obtain appropriate relief (including injunctive
  relief), and shall be awarded a reasonable attorney's fee as a part of
  the costs.
  `(c) As used in this section--
  `(1) the term `physically' does not include speech; and
  `(2) the term `medical facility' includes a hospital, clinic, physician's
  office, or other facility which provides health or surgical services.'.
  (b) CLERICAL AMENDMENT- The table of sections at the beginning of  chapter
  13 of title 18, United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the
  following new item:
`248. Interference with access to or egress from a medical facility.'.

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