Text: S.Res.148 — 102nd Congress (1991-1992)All Information (Except Text)

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Introduced in Senate

1st Session
S. RES. 148
To express the sense of the Senate that the United States should support
the right to self-determination of the people of the Republic of Moldavia
and northern Bucovina.
June 28 (legislative day, JUNE 11), 1991
Mr. PRESSLER (for himself and Mr. HELMS) submitted the following resolution;
which was referred to the Committee on Foreign Relations
To express the sense of the Senate that the United States should support
the right to self-determination of the people of the Republic of Moldavia
and northern Bucovina.
Whereas, the Romanian principality of Moldavia emerged as an independent
state in the 14th century;
Whereas, Moldavia was invaded in 1806 by the Russian Army and annexed by the
Russian Empire in 1812 as a result of the Russo-Turkish Treaty of Bucharest;
Whereas, on November 15, 1917, the Soviet Government proclaimed the right of
the peoples of the Russian Empire to self-determination and the establishment
of separate states;
Whereas, on December 2, 1917, the democratically-elected Moldavian constituent
assembly, the Sfatul Tsarii, proclaimed Moldavia an independent republic;
Whereas, on April 9, 1918, the Constituent Assembly voted to unite Moldavia
with the Kingdom of Romania;
Whereas, the United States, France, Italy, Great Britain, Japan and the
other allied states specifically sanctioned and recognized the reunion of
Moldavia with Romania in the Peace Treaty of Paris of October 28, 1920;
Whereas, the Soviet Union's armed forces invaded the Kingdom of Romania
on June 28, 1940 and occupied eastern Moldavia and northern Bucovina, and
Hertsa in contravention of the Charter of the League of Nations; the Treaty
of Paris of 1920; the General Treaty for the Renunciation of War of 1928;
the Romanian-Union of Soviet Socialist Republics Mutual Assistance Pact of
1936; the Conventions for the Definition of Aggression of 1933; and generally
recognized principles of international law;
Whereas, the annexation of Moldavia, northern Bucovina, and Hertsa
was prospectively agreed to in certain secret protocols to a treaty of
nonaggression concluded between the Government of the Soviet Union and the
German Reich on August 23, 1939;
Whereas, from 1940 to 1953 hundreds of thousands of Romanians from Moldavia
and Bucovina were deported by the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics to
Central Asia and Siberia;
Whereas, the United States Government has repeatedly stated its refusal to
recognize forcible seizure of territory pursuant to the terms of the so-called
Stalin-Hitler Pact, including the 1940 Soviet annexation of Estonia, Latvia,
and Lithuania;
Whereas, the Governments of the United Kingdom, the Soviet Union and the United
States are parties to the Atlantic Charter of August 14, 1941, in which the
signatories declared their `desire to see no territorial changes that do not
accord with the freely expressed will of the peoples concerned' and affirmed
their wish `to see sovereign rights and self-government restored to those who
have been forcibly deprived of them' during the course of the Second World War;
Whereas, on August 31, 1989, the Supreme Council of Moldavia declared
Romanian to be the official language of the Republic and reestablished the
Latin alphabet forbidden by the Soviet Government during the occupation of
Moldavia as the alphabet of written Romanian;
Whereas, in March, 1990, the Romanian people of Moldavia were able to vote
in free and fair elections for deputies to the Supreme Council of Moldavia;
Whereas, on April 27, 1990, the Supreme Council of Moldavia restored the
flag of Romania as the official flag of the republic;
Whereas, on June 23, 1990, the Supreme Council of Moldavia declared the
Republic of Moldavia a sovereign state;
Whereas, on December 16, 1990, more than eight hundred thousand Romanians
gathered at the Second Grand National Assembly in the Moldavian capital
of Chisinau to declare the national independence of Romanians in occupied
Whereas, the people of Moldavia refused to participate in the Soviet referendum
of March 3, 1991 despite Soviet governmental efforts to threaten and intimidate
the Moldavian people into accepting a new union treaty;
Whereas, the signatory states of the Helsinki Final Act have accepted the
principle of the equal rights of people and their right to self-determination;
Whereas, pursuant to article 8 of the Helsinki Final Act `all peoples always
have the right, in full freedom, to determine, when and if they wish, their
internal and external political status, without external interference,
and to pursue as they wish their political, economic, social, and cultural
development': Now, Therefore, be it
  Resolved, That it is the sense of the Senate that the United States
  Government should--
  (1) Support the right of self-determination of the people of Soviet-occupied
  Moldavia and northern Bucovina and issue a statement to that effect; and
  (2) Support future efforts by the Government of Moldavia to negotiate
  peacefully, if they so wish, the reunification of Romania with Moldavia
  and Northern Bucovina as established in the Paris Peace Treaty of 1920,
  the prevailing norms of international law, and in conformity with Principle
  1 of the Helsinki Final Act.

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