Summary: H.R.1193 — 103rd Congress (1993-1994)All Information (Except Text)

There is one summary for H.R.1193. Bill summaries are authored by CRS.

Shown Here:
Introduced in House (03/03/1993)

TABLE OF CONTENTS:

Title I: Establishment of the Citizens Corps

Title II: Administration of the Citizens Corps

Subtitle A: Administration of the Civilian Service

and Senior Service

Subtitle B: Provision of National Service Positions

for Members of the Civilian Service and Senior

Service

Subtitle C: Deferred Placement of Members of the

Civilian Service

Subtitle D: Administration of the Citizens Corps With

Regard to Service in the Armed Forces

Title III: Benefits for Participating in the Citizens Corps

Title IV: Miscellaneous Provisions

National Voluntary Service and Educational Opportunity Act of 1993 - Title I: Establishment of the Citizens Corps - Establishes a Citizens Corps to provide the following voluntary national service options: (1) Civilian Service; (2) Service in the Armed Forces; and (3) Senior Service.

Sets forth requirements for individual eligibility, terms of service, types of national and community service, applications, and placements.

Title II: Administration of the Citizens Corps - Subtitle A: Administration of the Civilian Service and Senior Service - Makes the Commission on National and Community Service responsible for administering the Civilian Service and Senior Service of the Citizen Corps.

Directs the Commission to make general grants to States for: (1) paying stipends and wages for Civilian and Senior Services members; (2) providing and administering national service opportunities in each State for such members; and (3) making grants to national service councils in each State. Authorizes supplemental grants to a State or to a Federal agency under certain conditions.

Subtitle B: Provision of National Service Positions for Members of the Civilian Service and Senior Service - Directs each State Governor to prepare a national service plan specifying priorities in the State for providing national service opportunities for Civilian and Senior Services members. Requires designation, and allows redesignation after the first two years, of volunteer service areas for the State.

Requires establishment of a national service council for each volunteer service area. Requires each council to: (1) recruit and place volunteers; (2) prepare and implement a volunteer recruitment and placement plan (subject to public review and the Governor's approval); (3) select service sponsors (public agencies or public or nonprofit organizations); and (4) prevent displacement of workers.

Requires each State to establish a grievance procedure for resolving complaints of worker displacement by Corps members.

Authorizes the Commission to require a private nonprofit organization to pay a limited amount for each Corps member placed in a national service position with that organization.

Subtitle C: Deferred Placement of Members of the Civilian Service - Provides for a deferred placement program under which individuals eligible to serve in the Civilian Service may receive financial assistance for an education or training program at an educational institution or training establishment, if they have received a high school diploma or equivalent and are accepted or enrolled as a full-time student. Makes the Government's financial obligation (and any participant obligation conditioned thereon) contingent upon appropriations for assistance under this subtitle.

Subtitle D: Administration of the Citizen Corps with Regard to Service in the Armed Forces - Makes the Secretary of Defense responsible for administering Citizens Corps members' service in the Armed Forces.

Provides for a deferred enlistment program under which a certain number of individuals eligible to enlist for service in the Armed Forces as Citizens Corps members may receive financial assistance for an education or training program at an educational institution or training establishment. Directs the Secretary concerned to expand the Senior Reserve Officers' Training Corps program to accommodate such number of individuals.

Title III: Benefits for Participating in the Citizens Corps - Requires the State (or the Federal agency where a member is placed) to provide specified weekly stipends to Civilian Service members and hourly wages to Senior Service members. Requires the Commission to provide other assistance for Civilian and Senior Services members, as well as health insurance for each Civilian Service member.

Sets compensation for Citizens Corps members serving in the Armed Forces at 66 percent of the basic rates for other comparable members of the Armed Forces. Makes such Citizen Corps members ineligible for specified benefits.

Provides for the following educational or housing benefits, as the participant elects, for the following types of Citizens Corps service: (1) up to $10,000 for each year of Civilian Service; (2) up to $24,000 for two years of active duty in the Armed Forces; and (3) up to $12,000 for one year of service in a Selected Reserve of the Armed Forces. Allows a prorated benefit in certain cases of partial service. Directs the Commission and the Secretary of Veterans Affairs, as appropriate, to administer such financial assistance. Sets a ten-year limit on use of such assistance, with exceptions.

Excludes such assistance from gross income for Internal Revenue Code purposes. Includes such assistance in determination of family contribution for student assistance need analysis under the Higher Education Act of 1965.

Title IV: Miscellaneous Provisions - Entitles Peace Corps and VISTA volunteers who successfully complete their service after the effective date of this Act to the same education or housing assistance benefits as Civilian Service members, but reduces such benefits to reflect any compensation that is more than the Civilian Service stipend.

Authorizes appropriations.