H.R.1645 - Poverty Data Improvement Act of 1993103rd Congress (1993-1994)
|Sponsor:||Rep. Sawyer, Tom [D-OH-14] (Introduced 04/02/1993)|
|Committees:||House - Post Office and Civil Service | Senate - Governmental Affairs|
|Committee Reports:||H.Rept 103-401|
|Latest Action:||Senate - 11/23/1993 Read twice and referred to the Committee on Governmental Affairs. (All Actions)|
This bill has the status Passed House
Here are the steps for Status of Legislation:
- Passed House
Text: H.R.1645 — 103rd Congress (1993-1994)All Information (Except Text)
Text available as:
- PDF (PDF provides a complete and accurate display of this text.) Tip?
Referred in Senate (11/23/1993)
[Congressional Bills 103th Congress] [From the U.S. Government Printing Office] [H.R. 1645 Referred in Senate (RFS)] 103d CONGRESS 1st Session H. R. 1645 _______________________________________________________________________ IN THE SENATE OF THE UNITED STATES November 22, 1993 Received November 23, 1993 Read twice and referred to the Committee on Governmental Affairs _______________________________________________________________________ AN ACT To amend title 13, United States Code, to require that the Secretary of Commerce produce and publish, at least every 2 years, current data relating to the incidence of poverty in the United States. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE. This Act may be cited as the ``Poverty Data Improvement Act of 1993''. SEC. 2. CONGRESSIONAL FINDINGS. The Congress finds that-- (1) more than $20,000,000,000 is provided to State and local governments each year, under various Federal programs, based on data relating to income and poverty status; (2) the infrequency with which such data are collected diminishes their reliability and usefulness for public policy purposes; (3) the relative lack of intercensal data can prevent Federal funds from reaching those populations that are in greatest need, as reflected in the dramatic and often unforeseen shifts in the way Federal funds are reallocated following each decennial census; (4) the more frequent collection of data relating to income and poverty status would allow policymakers to target scarce program funds more effectively and in a more timely fashion; and (5) the cost of producing the data needed to achieve the ends described in paragraph (4) would be small compared to the amounts that are distributed based on such data. SEC. 3. REQUIREMENT. (a) In General.--Subchapter IV of chapter 5 of title 13, United States Code, is amended by inserting after section 181 the following: ``Sec. 181a. Data relating to poverty ``(a) The Secretary, to the extent feasible, shall produce and publish for each State, county, and local unit of general purpose government for which data are compiled in the most recent census of population taken under section 141(a), and for each school district, data relating to the incidence of poverty. Such data may be produced by means of sampling, estimation, or any other method that the Secretary determines will produce current, comprehensive, and reliable data. ``(b) Data under this section-- ``(1) shall include-- ``(A) for each school district, the number of children age 5 to 17, inclusive, in families below the poverty level; and ``(B) for each State and county referred to in subsection (a), the number of individuals age 65 or over below the poverty level; and ``(2) shall be published in 1996 and at least every second year thereafter. ``(c)(1) If reliable data could not otherwise be produced, the Secretary may, for purposes of subsection (b)(1)(A), aggregate school districts, but only to the extent necessary to achieve reliability. ``(2) Any data produced under this subsection shall be appropriately identified and shall be accompanied by a detailed explanation as to how and why aggregation was used (including the measures taken to minimize any such aggregation). ``(d) If the Secretary is unable to produce and publish the data required under this section for any State, county, local unit of general purpose government, or school district in any year specified in subsection (b)(2), a report shall be submitted by the Secretary to the President of the Senate and the Speaker of the House of Representatives, not later than 90 days before the commencement of the following year, enumerating each government or school district excluded and giving the reasons for the exclusion. ``(e) In carrying out this section, the Secretary shall use the same criteria relating to poverty as were used in compiling the then most recent census of population taken under section 141(a) (subject to such periodic adjustments as may be necessary to compensate for inflation and other similar factors).''. (b) Conforming Amendment.--The table of sections for chapter 5 of title 13, United States Code, is amended by inserting after the item relating to section 181 the following: ``181a. Data relating to poverty.''. Passed the House of Representatives November 21, 1993. Attest: DONNALD K. ANDERSON, Clerk.