Text: H.R.1727 — 103rd Congress (1993-1994)All Information (Except Text)

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Enrolled Bill

 
[Congressional Bills 103th Congress]
[From the U.S. Government Printing Office]
[H.R. 1727 Enrolled Bill (ENR)]

<DOC>

        H.R.1727

                       One Hundred Third Congress

                                 of the

                        United States of America


                          AT THE SECOND SESSION

          Begun and held at the City of Washington on Tuesday,
 the twenty-fifth day of January, one thousand nine hundred and ninety-
                                  four


                                 An Act

  
 
  To establish a program of grants to states for arson research, 
prevention, and


                    control, and for other purposes.

    Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the 
United States of America in Congress assembled,

SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE.

    This Act may be cited as the ``Arson Prevention Act of 1994''.

SEC. 2. FINDINGS.

    Congress finds that_
        (1) arson is a serious and costly problem, and is responsible 
    for approximately 25 percent of all fires in the United States;
        (2) arson is a leading cause of fire deaths, accounting for 
    approximately 700 deaths annually in the United States, and is the 
    leading cause of property damage due to fire in the United States;
        (3) estimates of arson property losses are in the range of 
    $2,000,000,000 annually, or approximately 1 of every 4 dollars lost 
    to fire;
        (4) the incidence of arson in the United States is seriously 
    underreported, in part because of the lack of adequate 
    participation by local jurisdictions in the National Fire Incident 
    Reporting System (NFIRS) and the Uniform Crime Reporting (UCR) 
    program;
        (5) there is a need for expanded training programs for arson 
    investigators;
        (6) there is a need for improved programs designed to enable 
    volunteer firefighters to detect arson crimes and to preserve 
    evidence vital to the investigation and prosecution of arson cases;
        (7) according to the National Fire Protection Association, of 
    all the suspicious and incendiary fires estimated to occur, only 
    \1/3\ are confirmed as arson; and
        (8) improved training of arson investigators will increase the 
    ability of fire departments to identify suspicious and incendiary 
    fires, and will result in increased and more effective prosecution 
    of arson offenses.

SEC. 3. ARSON PREVENTION GRANTS.

    The Federal Fire Prevention and Control Act of 1974 is amended by 
inserting after section 24 (15 U.S.C. 2220) the following new section:

``SEC. 25. ARSON PREVENTION GRANTS.

    ``(a) Definitions._As used in this section:
        ``(1) Arson._The term `arson' includes all incendiary and 
    suspicious fires.
        ``(2) Office._The term `Office' means the Office of Fire 
    Prevention and Arson Control of the United States Fire 
    Administration.
    ``(b) Grants._The Administrator, acting through the Office, shall 
carry out a demonstration program under which not more than 10 grant 
awards shall be made to States, or consortia of States, for programs 
relating to arson research, prevention, and control.
    ``(c) Goals._In carrying out this section, the Administrator shall 
award 2-year grants on a competitive, merit basis to States, or 
consortia of States, for projects that promote one or more of the 
following goals:
        ``(1) To improve the training by States leading to professional 
    certification of arson investigators, in accordance with nationally 
    recognized certification standards.
        ``(2) To provide resources for the formation of arson task 
    forces or interagency organizational arrangements involving police 
    and fire departments and other relevant local agencies, such as a 
    State arson bureau and the office of a fire marshal of a State.
        ``(3) To combat fraud as a cause of arson and to advance 
    research at the State and local levels on the significance and 
    prevention of fraud as a motive for setting fires.
        ``(4) To provide for the management of arson squads, including_
            ``(A) training courses for fire departments in arson case 
        management, including standardization of investigative 
        techniques and reporting methodology;
            ``(B) the preparation of arson unit management guides; and
            ``(C) the development and dissemination of new public 
        education materials relating to the arson problem.
        ``(5) To combat civil unrest as a cause of arson and to advance 
    research at the State and local levels on the prevention and 
    control of arson linked to urban disorders.
        ``(6) To combat juvenile arson, such as juvenile fire-setter 
    counseling programs and similar intervention programs, and to 
    advance research at the State and local levels on the prevention of 
    juvenile arson.
        ``(7) To combat drug-related arson and to advance research at 
    the State and local levels on the causes and prevention of drug-
    related arson.
        ``(8) To combat domestic violence as a cause of arson and to 
    advance research at the State and local levels on the prevention of 
    arson arising from domestic violence.
        ``(9) To combat arson in rural areas and to improve the 
    capability of firefighters to identify and prevent arson initiated 
    fires in rural areas and public forests.
        ``(10) To improve the capability of firefighters to identify 
    and combat arson through expanded training programs, including_
            ``(A) training courses at the State fire academies; and
            ``(B) innovative courses developed with the Academy and 
        made available to volunteer firefighters through regional 
        delivery methods, including teleconferencing and satellite 
        delivered television programs.
    ``(d) Structuring of Applications._The Administrator shall assist 
grant applicants in structuring their applications so as to ensure that 
at least one grant is awarded for each goal described in subsection 
(c).
    ``(e) State Qualification Criteria._In order to qualify for a grant 
under this section, a State, or consortium of States, shall provide 
assurances adequate to the Administrator that the State or consortium_
        ``(1) will obtain at least 25 percent of the cost of programs 
    funded by the grant, in cash or in kind, from non-Federal sources;
        ``(2) will not as a result of receiving the grant decrease the 
    prior level of spending of funds of the State or consortium from 
    non-Federal sources for arson research, prevention, and control 
    programs;
        ``(3) will use no more than 10 percent of funds provided under 
    the grant for administrative costs of the programs; and
        ``(4) is making efforts to ensure that all local jurisdictions 
    will provide arson data to the National Fire Incident Reporting 
    System or the Uniform Crime Reporting program.
    ``(f) Extension._A grant awarded under this section may be extended 
for one or more additional periods, at the discretion of the 
Administrator, subject to the availability of appropriations.
    ``(g) Technical Assistance._The Administrator shall provide 
technical assistance to States in carrying out programs funded by 
grants under this section.
    ``(h) Consultation and Cooperation._In carrying out this section, 
the Administrator shall consult and cooperate with other Federal 
agencies to enhance program effectiveness and avoid duplication of 
effort, including the conduct of regular meetings initiated by the 
Administrator with representatives of other Federal agencies concerned 
with arson and concerned with efforts to develop a more comprehensive 
profile of the magnitude of the national arson problem.
    ``(i) Assessment._Not later than 18 months after the date of 
enactment of this subsection, the Administrator shall submit a report 
to Congress that_
        ``(1) identifies grants made under this section;
        ``(2) specifies the identity of grantees;
        ``(3) states the goals of each grant; and
        ``(4) contains a preliminary assessment of the effectiveness of 
    the grant program under this section.
    ``(j) Regulations._Not later than 90 days after the date of 
enactment of this subsection, the Administrator shall issue regulations 
to implement this section, including procedures for grant applications.
    ``(k) Administration._The Administrator shall directly administer 
the grant program required by this section, and shall not enter into 
any contract under which the grant program or any portion of the 
program will be administered by another party.
    ``(l) Purchase of American Made Equipment and Products._
        ``(1) Sense of congress._It is the sense of Congress that any 
    recipient of a grant under this section should purchase, when 
    available and cost-effective, American made equipment and products 
    when expending grant monies.
        ``(2) Notice to recipients of assistance._In allocating grants 
    under this section, the Administrator shall provide to each 
    recipient a notice describing the statement made in paragraph (1) 
    by the Congress.''.

SEC. 4. VOLUNTEER FIREFIGHTER TRAINING.

    Section 24(a)(2) of the Federal Fire Prevention and Control Act of 
1974 (15 U.S.C. 2220(a)(2)) is amended by inserting before the 
semicolon the following: ``, with particular emphasis on the needs of 
volunteer firefighters for improved and more widely available arson 
training courses''.

SEC. 5. CPR TRAINING.

    The Federal Fire Prevention and Control Act of 1974 is amended by 
adding at the end the following new section:

``SEC. 32. CPR TRAINING.

    ``No funds shall be made available to a State or local government 
under section 25 unless such government has a policy to actively 
promote the training of its firefighters in cardiopulmonary 
resuscitation.''.

SEC. 6. FEDERAL EMPLOYEE HOUSING EXCEPTIONS.

    Section 31(c)(1) of the Federal Fire Prevention and Control Act of 
1974 (15 U.S.C. 2227(c)(1)) is amended_
        (1) in subparagraph (A), by striking ``No Federal'' and 
    inserting in lieu thereof ``Except as otherwise provided in this 
    paragraph, no Federal''; and
        (2) by adding at the end the following new subparagraphs:
    ``(C) Housing covered by this paragraph that does not have an 
adequate and reliable electrical system shall not be subject to the 
requirement under subparagraph (A) for protection by hard-wired smoke 
detectors, but shall be protected by battery operated smoke detectors.
    ``(D) If funding has been programmed or designated for the 
demolition of housing covered by this paragraph, such housing shall not 
be subject to the fire protection requirements of subparagraph (A), but 
shall be protected by battery operated smoke detectors.''.

SEC. 7. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

    Section 17 of the Federal Fire Prevention and Control Act of 1974 
(15 U.S.C. 2216) is amended by adding at the end the following new 
subsection:
    ``(h) In addition to any other amounts that are authorized to be 
appropriated to carry out this Act, there are authorized to be 
appropriated to carry out this Act_
        ``(1) $500,000 for fiscal year 1995 for basic research on the 
    development of an advanced course on arson prevention;
        ``(2) $2,000,000 for fiscal year 1996 for the expansion of 
    arson investigator training programs at the Academy under section 
    24 and at the Federal Law Enforcement Training Center, or through 
    regional delivery sites;
        ``(3) $4,000,000 for each of fiscal years 1995 and 1996 for 
    carrying out section 25, except for salaries and expenses for 
    carrying out section 25; and
        ``(4) $250,000 for each of the fiscal years 1995 and 1996 for 
    salaries and expenses for carrying out section 25.''.

SEC. 8. SUNSET.

    Notwithstanding any other provision of this Act, no funds are 
authorized to be appropriated for any fiscal year after fiscal year 
1996 for carrying out the programs for which funds are authorized by 
this Act, or the amendments made by this Act.







                               Speaker of the House of Representatives.







                            Vice President of the United States and    
                                               President of the Senate.