Summary: H.R.2200 — 103rd Congress (1993-1994)All Information (Except Text)

Bill summaries are authored by CRS.

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Passed House amended (07/29/1993)


Title I: Authorization of Appropriations

Title II: Advanced Space Technology Program

Title III: Miscellaneous Provisions Relating to Space


Title IV: Aeronautics Research and Technology

National Aeronautics and Space Administration Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 1994 and 1995 - Title I: Authorization of Appropriations - Subtitle A: Authorizations - Places an aggregate limit on FY 1994 authorization of appropriations under this subtitle, except for Space Station Freedom (appropriations authorized through FY 2000).

Requires the National Aeronautics and Space Agency (NASA) to provide the Congress with a job loss transition plan as it restructures space station management.

(Sec. 101 through 105) Authorizes NASA appropriations for: (1) research and development; (2) space flight, control, and data communications; (3) construction of facilities research and program management; and (4) the Inspector General.

Subtitle B: Limitations and Special Authority - Sets forth funds uses, limitations, and special authorities, including: (1) expenditure prerequisites with respect to management transfer of the External Tank Program from the Marshall Space Flight Center; (2) authorizations available for disaster relief; and (3) a facility plan and analysis for NASA facilities in Yellow Creek, Mississippi.

Title II: Advanced Space Technology Program - Directs the Administrator of NASA to establish an advanced space technology investment program to: (1) advance U.S. industrial competitiveness; (2) encourage industry-led consortia to develop critical technologies; and (3) encourage industrial participation from entities not part of the traditional Federal contracting base.

(Sec. 206) Directs the Administrator to coordinate a technology procurement initiative.

Title III: Miscellaneous Provisions Relating to Space Activities - Amends the Commercial Space Launch Act to authorize FY 1994 appropriations to carry out such Act.

(Sec. 303) Authorizes the Secretary of the Treasury to make space transportation infrastructure matching grants. Authorizes FY 1995 appropriations.

(Sec. 304) States that the Office of Space Commerce of the Department of Commerce shall be responsible for the development and coordination of all commercial space policy recommendations and activities, except for functions and activities statutorily authorized to other agencies. Authorizes appropriations for the Office.

(Sec. 305) Provides for domestic procurement by NASA.

(Sec. 306) Requires independent cost analysis of specified NASA projects.

(Sec. 307) Amends the Global Change Research Act of 1990 to require NASA to develop a Global Change Data and Information System to process, archive, and distribute data generated by the Global Change Research Program.

(Sec. 308) Directs the Committee on Earth and Environmental Sciences to develop an access plan for data from classified archives and systems for global change research.

(Sec. 309) Directs the Office of Science and Technology Policy to develop a plan for control of orbital debris.

(Sec. 310) Amends the National Aeronautics and Space Act of 1958 to state that NASA activities should include support of private sector space technologies development.

(Sec. 311 and 312) Directs NASA to study: (1) the differences between U.S. and foreign expendable space launch systems; and (2) the feasibility and potential implementation of a University Innovative Research Program.

(Sec. 314) Requires NASA cost-type research and development contracts to incorporate contractor performance provisions.

(Sec. 315) Authorizes NASA to accept certain land conveyances from the cities of Cleveland and Brook Park, Ohio, in order to establish a Visitor Center for the Lewis Research Center.

(Sec. 316) Directs the Administrator to establish within the Office of Advanced Concepts and Technology an expedited technology procurement demonstration program. Obligates specified funds for the program, which shall terminate ten years after enactment of this Act.

(Sec. 317) Directs the Secretary of Agriculture and the Administrator to: (1) provide farmers and other interested parties with agricultural information available through remote sensing; (2) evaluate the need for, and develop a proposal as necessary for, a radar imaging platform that could enhance agricultural resource remote sensing capability; and (3) develop a proposal to inform farmers and other users about remote sensing data. Terminates such provisions five years after enactment of this Act.

(Sec. 318) Directs NASA to establish new programs or functions in depressed communities.

(Sec. 319) Prohibits NASA contracts with a foreign company unless such company's country offers comparable opportunities to U.S. companies, or unless comparable U.S. products or services are not reasonably available.

(Sec. 320) Authorizes NASA to purchase helium from private sector sources.

(Sec. 321) Requires NASA to comply with specified diversity procurement factors.

Title IV: Aeronautics Research and Technology - Requires independent reviews of NASA aeronautics programs of: (1) research and development; and (2) private sector technology transfer.

(Sec. 405) Directs the Administrator to study and report on Federal-private cost sharing provisions concerning wind tunnels and| related test facilities.

(Sec. 406) Requires NASA and other appropriate Federal agencies to establish a joint aeronautical research and development program.

(Sec. 407) Directs the Administrator to conduct an assessment of the hypersonic research plane.