All Information (Except Text) for H.R.2217 - Violent Crimes Control Act of 1993103rd Congress (1993-1994)
|Sponsor:||Rep. Gekas, George W. [R-PA-17] (Introduced 05/20/1993)|
|Committees:||House - Judiciary|
|Latest Action:||04/21/1994 See H.R.4092. (All Actions)|
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Titles Actions Overview All Actions Cosponsors Committees Related Bills Subjects Latest Summary All Summaries
Crime Control bill (Identified by CRS)
Short Titles - House of Representatives
Short Titles as Introduced
Violent Crimes Control Act of 1993
Short Titles as Introduced for portions of this bill
- Anti-Corruption Act of 1993
- Death Penalty Litigation Procedures Act of 1993
- Equal Justice Act
- Federal Death Penalty Act of 1993
- Habeas Corpus Reform Act of 1993
- International Parental Kidnapping Crime Act of 1993
- Jacob Wetterling Crimes Against Children Registration Act
- Life Imprisonment for Egregious Recidivists Act of 1993
- National Child Protection Act of 1993
Actions Overview (1)
|05/20/1993||Introduced in House|
05/20/1993 Introduced in House
All Actions (5)
|06/24/1993||Referred to the Subcommittee on Crime and Criminal Justice.|
Action By: Committee on the Judiciary
|05/20/1993||Referred to the House Committee on Judiciary.|
Action By: House of Representatives
|05/20/1993||Sponsor introductory remarks on measure. (CR H2606, E1324-1325)|
Action By: House of Representatives
|05/20/1993||Introduced in House|
Action By: House of Representatives
04/21/1994 See H.R.4092.
06/24/1993 Referred to the Subcommittee on Crime and Criminal Justice.
05/20/1993 Referred to the House Committee on Judiciary.
05/20/1993 Sponsor introductory remarks on measure. (CR H2606, E1324-1325)
05/20/1993 Introduced in House
|Committee / Subcommittee||Date||Activity||Reports|
|House Judiciary||05/20/1993||Referred to|
|House Judiciary Subcommittee on Crime and Criminal Justice||06/24/1993||Referred to|
Subject — Policy Area:
One Policy Area term, which best describes an entire measure, is assigned to every public bill or resolution.
- AIDS (Disease)
- Administration of justice
- Administrative responsibility
- Air piracy
- Americans in foreign countries
- Appellate procedure
- Aviation safety
- Bank robberies
- Biological weapons
- Business records
- Capital punishment
- Chemical weapons
- Child abuse
- Child molesting
- Child pornography
- Civil actions and liability
- Civil procedure
- College students
- Compensation for victims of crime
- Congressional reporting requirements
- Correctional personnel
- Crimes against women
- Criminal investigation
- Criminal justice information
- Criminal justice information systems
- Criminal procedure
- Criminal statistics
- Custody of children
- Data banks
- Day care
- Destruction of property
- Detention of persons
- Disciplining of employees
- Discrimination in criminal justice administration
- District of Columbia
- Drug abuse
- Drug law enforcement
- Drugs and youth
- Drunk driving
- Equality before the law
- Evidence (Law)
- Exclusionary rule (Evidence)
- Family violence
- Federal aid to law enforcement agencies
- Federal employees
- Federal installations
- Fines (Penalties)
- Firearms control
- Fugitives from justice
- Government liability
- Government paperwork
- Government property
- Government trust funds
- Habeas corpus
- Information services
- Interstate commerce
- Interstate relations
- Judicial officers
- Judicial review
- Jury selection
- Juvenile delinquency
- Juvenile delinquents
- Law enforcement officers
- Legal services
- Limitation of actions
- Local officials and employees
- Marine safety
- Marine transportation
- Mass destruction weapons
- Medical tests
- Mentally handicapped
- Military law
- Misconduct in office
- Narcotic traffic
- Nondiscrimination provisions
- Nuclear weapons
- Offshore structures
- Organized crime
- Parental kidnapping
- Police training
- Postal crimes
- Pregnant women
- Presidential protection
- Prison violence
- Protection of foreign officials
- Protection of officials
- Public corruption
- Racial discrimination
- Racial violence
- Rape victim services
- Receiving stolen goods
- Religious liberty
- Residence requirements
- Right to counsel
- School security
- School violence
- Searches and seizures
- Sentences (Criminal procedure)
- Sentencing guidelines
- Sex crimes
- State courts
- State laws
- State officials and employees
- Territorial waters
- Victims of crimes
- Whistle blowing
- Wife abuse
Latest Summary (1)
Introduced in House (05/20/1993)
TABLE OF CONTENTS:
Title I: Death Penalty
Title II: Habeas Corpus Reform
Subtitle A: General Habeas Corpus Reform
Title III: Exclusionary Rule
Title IV: Firearms and Related Amendments
Title V: Terrorism and International Matters
Title VI: Sexual Violence, Child Abuse, and Victims' Rights
Subtitle A: Sexual Violence and Child Abuse
Subtitle B: Victims' Rights
Subtitle C: Crime Victims Fund
Subtitle D: National Child Protection Act
Subtitle E: Jacob Wetterling Crimes Against Children
Subtitle F: Domestic Violence
Subtitle G: Other Provisions
Title VII: Equal Justice Act
Title VIII: Public Corruption
Title IX: Federal Prisons
Title X: Violent Crime
Title XI: International Parental Kidnapping
Violent Crimes Control Act of 1993 - Title I: Death Penalty - Federal Death Penalty Act of 1993 - Amends the Federal criminal code to establish criteria for the imposition of the death penalty for Federal crimes.
(Sec. 102) Allows the defendant and the Government to present any information relevant to sentencing (including victim impact statements), but permits evidence to be excluded where its probative value is substantially outweighed by the danger of creating unfair prejudice, confusing the issues, or misleading the jury.
Sets forth: (1) procedures for the implementation of, and appeal from, a sentence of death; and (2) provisions regarding the appointment of counsel, deadlines for collateral attacks on judgments imposing a death sentence, and stays of execution.
(Sec. 110) Provides for the imposition of the death penalty for various offenses, including: (1) murder committed by prisoners in Federal prisons; (2) murder for hire; (3) murder in the aid of racketeering activity; (4) specified violations of the Controlled Substances Act (CSA); (5) murder of Federal witnesses; (6) rape and child molestation murders; and (7) murders in the District of Columbia.
Title II: Habeas Corpus Reform - Subtitle A: General Habeas Corpus Reform - Habeas Corpus Reform Act of 1993 - Amends the Federal judicial code to establish a one-year statute of limitations for habeas corpus actions brought by State prisoners.
(Sec. 204) Vests authority to issue certificates of probable cause for appeal of habeas corpus orders exclusively in the courts of appeals.
Subtitle B: Death Penalty Litigation Procedures - Death Penalty Litigation Procedures Act of 1993 - Amends the Federal judicial code to set forth special habeas corpus procedures in capital cases.
Subtitle C: Equalization of Capital Habeas Corpus Litigation Funding - Amends the Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act of 1968 (Omnibus Act) to require the Director of the Bureau of Justice Assistance (BJA) to provide grants to the States to support litigation pertaining to Federal habeas corpus petitions in capital cases.
Title III: Exclusionary Rule - Amends the Federal criminal code to bar the exclusion of evidence obtained as a result of a search or seizure carried out under circumstances justifying an objectively reasonable belief that it was in conformity with the fourth amendment.
Title IV: Firearms and Related Amendments - Sets forth various firearms-related provisions, including the following. Amends the Federal criminal code to: (1) increase mandatory minimum sentences for knowingly possessing a firearm during and in relation to a crime of violence or drug trafficking crime; and (2) establish penalties for smuggling firearms in aid of drug trafficking and for theft of firearms and explosives.
(Sec. 402) Increases penalties for: (1) a second offense of using an explosive to commit a felony; (2) making knowingly false, material statements in connection with the acquisition of a firearm from a licensed dealer; and (3) interstate gun trafficking.
(Sec. 406) Authorizes the summary destruction of explosives subject to forfeiture under specified circumstances. Sets forth requirements for reimbursement of the value of destroyed property.
(Sec. 410) Prohibits: (1) the receipt of firearms by non-residents of the State in which the transferor resides, unless such receipt is for lawful sporting purposes; (2) transactions involving stolen firearms which have moved in interstate or foreign commerce; and (3) the possession of explosives by felons and specified others.
(Sec. 418) Amends: (1) the Internal Revenue Code regarding the disposition of forfeited firearms; and (2) the Federal criminal code regarding the definitions of "burglary" and "serious drug offense" under the Armed Career Criminal Act of 1984.
Title V: Terrorism and International Matters - Repeals the Antiterrorism Act of 1990. Establishes a civil remedy for U.S. nationals (and their survivors or estates) injured, in their person, property, or business, by acts of international terrorism.
(Sec. 502) Amends the Federal criminal code to: (1) make it a criminal offense to provide material support to terrorists; and (2) provide for civil and criminal forfeiture of assets used to support terrorists.
(Sec. 504) Authorizes the Attorney General to waive immigration admission and other legal requirements and grant permanent resident status for alien witnesses who cooperate with the Government in Federal or State prosecutions.
(Sec. 513) Amends the Federal criminal code to: (1) establish penalties for removing a child from, or retaining a child outside, the United States with intent to obstruct the lawful exercise of parental rights; (2) provide for the prosecution of individuals who murder U.S. nationals abroad; and (3) permit Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) access to telephone subscriber information under specified circumstances.
Title VI: Sexual Violence, Child Abuse, and Victims' Rights - Subtitle A: Sexual Violence and Child Abuse - Defines "sexual act" to include the intentional touching, not through the clothing, of the genitalia of another person who has not attained age 16 with intent to abuse, humiliate, harass, degrade, or to arouse or gratify the sexual desire of any person.
(Sec. 602) Increases penalties for recidivist sex offenders.
(Sec. 603) Authorizes the court to award restitution for victims of sex offenses.
(Sec. 604) Sets forth provisions regarding human immunodeficiency virus testing, penalty enhancement, and cost of testing in sex offense cases.
Subtitle B: Victims' Rights - Sets forth provisions regarding: (1) restitution and suspension of Federal benefits; and (2) the number of peremptory challenges under the Federal Rules of Criminal Procedure.
Subtitle C: Crime Victims Fund - Repeals: (1) the current $150 million cap on the Crime Victims Fund under the Victims of Crime Act of 1984; and (2) sunset provisions under such Act. Modifies the formula for the distribution of sums deposited into the Fund.
(Sec. 622) Increases the Federal share of victim compensation programs from 40 to 45 percent of the amounts awarded by each program during the preceding fiscal year.
(Sec. 623) Allows up to five percent of a victim compensation program grant to be used for administrative costs.
(Sec. 624) Specifies that if the compensation paid by an eligible crime victim compensation program would cover costs that a Federal program, or a federally financed State or local program, would otherwise pay: (1) such victim compensation program shall not pay such compensation; and (2) the other program shall make its payments without regard to the existence of the crime victim compensation program.
(Sec. 626) Requires crime victim assistance chief executives to give particular attention to children who are victims of violent street crime.
Subtitle D: National Child Protection Act - National Child Protection Act of 1993 - Provides for: (1) State reporting of child abuse crime information to a national criminal background check system; (2) funding to improve such information; and (3) the withholding of a portion of such funding to States not in compliance with a timetable established under this Act.
Subtitle E: Jacob Wetterling Crimes Against Children Registration Act - Jacob Wetterling Crimes Against Children Registration Act - Directs the Attorney General to establish guidelines for State programs requiring any person who is convicted of a criminal offense against a minor to register a current address with a designated State law enforcement agency for ten years after release from prison or being placed on parole or supervised release. Sets forth registration, State compliance, and related requirements.
Subtitle F: Domestic Violence - Amends the Omnibus Act to authorize the Director of the BJA to make grants to assist States in implementing a civil and criminal response to domestic violence. Specifies that such grants shall be used to: (1) encourage increased prosecutions for domestic violence; (2) report more accurately the incidences of such violence; (3) facilitate arrests and aggressive prosecution policies; (4) provide legal advocacy services for victims; and (5) improve the knowledge of health professionals regarding domestic violence and facilitate cooperation between health professionals, social service providers, and law enforcement personnel to better assist such victims.
Sets forth provisions regarding: (1) application requirements; (2) allocation of funds and limitations on grants; (3) grant award and renewal; and (4) reporting requirements. Authorizes appropriations.
(Sec. 662) Requires the Attorney General and Secretary of Health and Human Services to transmit to the Congress a report on the medical and psychological basis of battered women's syndrome and on the extent to which evidence of the syndrome has been held to be admissible as evidence of guilt or as a defense in a criminal trial.
Subtitle G: Other Provisions - Sets penalties for inducing a minor to commit an offense against the United States.
(Sec. 672) Amends the General Education Provisions Act to provide for the disclosure of arrest records by campus police.
(Sec. 673) Requires the Attorney General to contract with an appropriate entity to provide for a national baseline study to research the effectiveness of campus sexual assault policies for institutions of postsecondary education. Authorizes appropriations.
(Sec. 674) Expresses the sense of the Congress that in determining child custody and visitation rights the courts should take into consideration the history of drunk driving of any person involved in the determination.
Title VII: Equal Justice Act - Equal Justice Act - Requires that the death penalty and all other penalties be administered by the United States and by every State without regard to the race or color of the defendant or victim. Bars the use of any racial quota or statistical test for the imposition or execution of any penalty.
(Sec. 703) Sets forth provisions regarding: (1) safeguards against racial prejudice or bias in criminal courts; and (2) jury instructions and certification, and racial motivation in killings as an aggravating factor, in Federal capital cases.
(Sec. 705) Amends specified civil rights provisions to cover conspiracy against rights, and deprivation of rights under color of law, of any person in (currently, inhabitant of) a State, territory, or district.
Title VIII: Public Corruption - Anti-Corruption Act of 1993 - Amends the Federal criminal code to prescribe criminal penalties to be imposed against anyone who uses any facility of, or affects, interstate or foreign commerce to deprive or defraud the inhabitants of a State or political subdivision of a State of the honest services of a government official or employee, or of a fair and impartially conducted election process.
Prescribes criminal penalties to be imposed upon any official, or person selected to be a public official, who, in order to carry out or conceal any scheme or artifice to defraud, discriminates, harasses, or takes adverse action against any employee or official of the United States, or any State or political subdivision. Authorizes such an adversely affected employee or official to obtain relief through a civil action, provided such person did not participate in the scheme or artifice.
(Sec. 803) Amends mail fraud provisions to prohibit the use of any facility of interstate or foreign commerce in the execution of a scheme or artifice to defraud.
(Sec. 804) Sets forth prohibitions regarding narcotics-related public corruption.
Title IX: Federal Prisons - Authorizes appropriations for new prison construction.
Title X: Violent Crime - Life Imprisonment for Egregious Recidivists Act of 1993 - Requires the court to sentence a defendant convicted of a Federal violent felony to life imprisonment if the defendant has previously been convicted of two other violent felonies.
Title XI: International Parental Kidnapping - International Parental Kidnapping Crime Act of 1993 - Sets penalties for removing a child from the United States or retaining a child (who has been in the United States) outside the United States in order to obstruct the lawful exercise of parental rights.
(Sec. 1103) Authorizes appropriations to carry out, under the State Justice Institute Act of 1984, national, regional, and in-State training and educational programs dealing with criminal and civil aspects of interstate and international parental child abduction.